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Plagiarism - the attempt to pass off the ideas, research, theories or words of others as one's own - is a serious academic offence. A new study by the Qualifications and Curriculum Authority warns that exam boards appear to be failing to spot cheating, even though the number of cases of fraud is increasing. Last year, 3,600 teenagers were caught breaching the rules - a 9% rise on the previous year. There are lots of cases were plagiarism involves, like in speech, thesis Report, journalizing, and even the lectures of professors to their students. Plagiarism within academia, is considered academic dishonesty or academic fraud, and offenders are subject to academic censure, up to and including expulsion while in journalism, plagiarism is considered a breach of journalistic ethics, and reporters caught plagiarizing typically face disciplinary measures ranging from suspension to termination of employment. Some individuals caught plagiarizing in academic or journalistic contexts claim that they plagiarized unintentionally, by failing to include quotations or give the appropriate citation. While plagiarism in scholarship and journalism has a centuries-old history, the development of the Internet, where articles appear as electronic text, has made the physical act of copying the work of others much easier and internet is the reason of growing cases of plagiarism by students especially in their Reporting and Projects. For professors and researchers, plagiarism is punished by sanctions ranging from suspension to termination, along with the loss of credibility and integrity. Charges of plagiarism against students and professors are typically heard by internal disciplinary committees, which students and professors have agreed to be bound by. Plagiarism is hard to justify whether it is really intentional to plagiarized, that’s the reason why there are cases that are not being solve by the court.
History In ancient and medieval Europe, there was something of a double standard about plagiarism. Many authorless genres like religious texts were freely copied and incorporated into later works; "good writing" usually meant slavishly imitating a small number of respected authors (Cicero being the most important). The use of the Latin word plagiarius (literally kidnapper), to denote someone stealing someone else's work, was pioneered by Roman poet Martial, who complained that another poet had "kidnapped his verses." This use of the word was introduced into English in 1601 by dramatist Ben Jonson, to describe as a plagiary someone guilt of literary theft.
This began to change during the Renaissance when original scholarship became more respected and individual accomplishment was recognized in many more fields that it had been previously (for example, this is when painters began signing their works). The point here is that, by the mid 1600s, accusations of plagiarism and stealing ideas were common in every creative field including the sciences. An accusation of stealing someone else's words or ideas and passing them off as your own was one of the worst insults imaginable and grounds for lawsuits and duels.
The modern concept of plagiarism as immoral and originality as an ideal, emerged in Europe only in the 18th century. For centuries before, not only literature was considered "publica materies," a common property from which anybody could borrow at will, but the encouragement for authors and artists was actually to "copy the masters as closely as possible," for which the closer the copy the finer was considered the work. This was the same in literature, music, painting and sculpture. In some cases, for a writer to invent his own plots was reproached as presumptuous. Just as a sidebar, the word "plagiarism," in the sense we use it today, first appeared in English in the various battles among Shakespeare and his peers.
the arts. and their current enforcement in the ethical codes of academia and journalism.Despite the 18th century new morals. by contrast. . have resisted in their long-established tradition of copying as a fundamental practice of the creative process. and in the 21st century plagiarism is still tolerated by artists.
JK Rowling.) Amid the furor.m. and Barack Obama. Saturday.. took full responsibility . and another for the School of Social Sciences and Humanities. published an exchange between Pangilinan and Ateneo president Fr. Quezon City 4:00 p. who chairs the university’s board of trustees. (The speech from the first occasion stole a joke from Conan O’Brien’s famous Harvard address – still the funniest commencement speech of all time. the Ateneo website took down the controversial speech. 27th March 2010 Pangilinan was actually invited to speak at two graduation ceremonies for the Ateneo de Manila University. Pangilinan. one for the School of Science & Engineering and the School of Management. and a few hours later. The PLDT chairman’s address at the second occasion drew controversy after analyses on Facebook showed that the several lines were lifted from commencement speeches by personalities such as Oprah Winfrey.School/Academic The Manny Pangilinan plagiarized Speech at Ateneo’s graduation Rites School of Humanities & School of Social Sciences Ateneo de Manila University. Bienvenido Niebres.
refused to accept Pangilinan’s resignation immediately. It‘s good for buying companies and things – and for putting up a few buildings here and there for Ateneo. preferring to take it up first with the university’s officials and other board members. because money is sweet.” before offering his resignation from Ateneo. You want your life and your career to be meaningful. in his reply.” –J. you definitely have student loans — (applause) — or credit card debts.K. and are worried how you‘ll pay them down. to be surrounded by people you can . But having a lot of money does not totally make you a successful person. and you’re wondering how you’ll ever pay them off. money‘s pretty cool.for the issue and called it “a deep source of personal embarrassment. Maybe you have loans. Maybe you‘ve got a family to help. Maybe you’ve got student loans — no. (“For many of you. I‘m not going to stand here and tell you that‘s it‘s not about money. Maybe you’ve got a family to raise.Rowling) For all of you. Perhaps you’re still looking for a job — or struggling to figure out what career path makes sense in this disrupted economy. Niebres.” –President Obama) Let me tell you. What you want is both money and meaning. and you’re wondering how you’ll ensure that your children have the same opportunities you’ve had to get an education and pursue their dreams. these challenges are also felt in more personal terms. but the weeks of fear and nausea I have endured at the thought of giving this commencement address have made me lose weight. Because meaning is what brings real richness to your life. Maybe you‘re asking how your siblings can have an Ateneo education like you had. You will soon be looking for a job – struggling to figure out which career makes sense in this economy of ours. these challenges are felt now in more immediate and personal terms. … (“Not only has Harvard given me an extraordinary honor. I like money.
I’m not going to stand up here and tell you that it’s not about money. I‘ve looked bad. (“The knowledge that you have emerged wiser and stronger from setbacks means that you are. and for a long time. — Rowling) . It’s good for buying things. ever after. and they cherish you in return. You want your work to be meaningful. But my mistakes have been necessary. (“Let me tell you. I‘ve looked good. Periods of failure in my life were dark ones.” — Oprah Winfrey in her June 2008 commencement address at Stanford University) Now I cannot tell you that failure is fun. And it hurt like hell. —. I‘ve been praised and criticized.truly work with – because you trust and treasure them.Conan O’brian) I had no idea how far the tunnel of failure extended. I‘ve looked bad. that‘s when you really succeed. I‘ve been praised and criticized. (“I had no idea then how far the tunnel extended. And it hurt like hell. What you want is money and meaning. I like money. That’s when you’re really rich. (I‘ve looked good. Because meaning is what brings the real richness to your life. What you really want is to be surround by people you trust and treasure and by people who cherish you. any light at the end of it was a hope rather than a reality. But I‘ve had a lot of failures. And any light at the end of it seemed more hope than reality. ’cause money is very nice. But having a lot of money does not automatically make you a successful person. — JK Rowling) The knowledge that you have emerged wiser and stronger from setbacks means that you can be secure in your ability to survive. But my mistakes have been necessary. secure in your ability to survive. I‘ve had a lot of success. That‘s when you‘re really rich. money’s pretty nice.
Juan.” had passages that were lifted from at least three other papers by different legal experts on the subject. Worse. who taught — ironically enough — legal research in Ateneo. is the court-employed attorney with the office of Justice Mariano del Castillo who put together the court’s decision on Vinuya et al. (Read Newsbreak’s package of stories on this scandal. Romulo et al. The decision dismissed the plea by 70 Filipino “comfort women” to compel the Philippine government to demand an apology from Japan for making them sex slaves during World War II. v. the del Castillo ponencia took the opposite position of the experts it plagiarized. Michelle Ann U.Ex-Ateneo professor behind plagiarized Student Council Rulings Decision’s clues and sources from legal circle point to Michelle Ann Juan A former law professor at the Ateneo de Manila Law School who placed 4th in the 2002 bar exams was the legal researcher who drafted the controversial Supreme Court decision that is now at the center of a plagiarism scandal that has damaged the credibility and integrity of the high court.) . That decision. del Castillo's legal researcher. according to the lawyers of the “comfort women. Juan. Michelle Ann U. among other subjects.
* That she has a master’s degree in International Law and Human Rights from a prestigious American university under the “Global-Hauser program” — Juan’s profile posted on the Ateneo website or elsewhere don’t make any reference to a Hauser scholarship. lawyers from the University of the Philippines College of Law have come across possible evidence that Justice Del Castillo and Juan plagiarized in drafting another ponencia.The Supreme Court. As first reported by the blog pinoymoneytalk.com on Tuesday. * That she graduated third in her class — in 2002. Copied from Wikipedia But not long after the SC cleared Juan of any wrongdoing. but it provided enough clues to her identity: * That she graduated from a leading law school — Ateneo. a Supreme Court decision reversing the Commission on Elections’ non-accreditation of the gay political party Ang Ladlad contained passages that were lifted from other sources . * That she was editor in chief of the law school’s journal — Ateneo Law Journal. * That she placed fourth in the bar exams — 4th in 2002. in an en banc decision last week. but she is listed as one of the “graduate editors” of the New York University law schools’ Journal of International Law and Politics for 2007-2008. Thomas More Award and special commendation for her thesis. exonerated Del Castillo and his staff. the same year she was a Hugo Grotius scholar there. when she also received the Ateneo’s St. The decision didn’t identify Juan as the responsible legal researcher. describing their failure to attribute the passages an “accidental decapitation” of the draft Juan prepared.
This decision was promulgated by the court on April 8. Gender Identity and International Human Rights Law: Contextualising the Yogyakarta Principles.” among other source . Newsbreak got hold of a matrix (download PDF file here) comparing the Ang Ladlad decision apparently put together by Juan for Del Castillo. 2010 — 20 days before the Vinuya ruling was handed down. the Ang Ladladponencia has passages that were apparently lifted from an Oxford Law Journalarticle by Michael O’Flaherty and John Fisher titled “Sexual Orientation.without attribution. According to a lawyer researching this particular plagiarism case. It shows parts lifted from nine sources. From another source. including Wikipedia.
Polska. a generic tree). Poland doesn’t have a copyright on the font. Lim countered that although there were similarities with Poland’s tourism motif. He quoted “First of all. while that of Poland is. that of the Philippines is a coconut tree. granted. they used one color. we used several colors. In the official travel Site of Poland it showed indeed that their logo and the Pilipinas kay Ganda has a conspicuous similarity from its font. but if you look at the colors. It was Spanky Hizon Enriquez a blogger posted in his blog.” We . He also demands that someone in the department of Tourism must be responsible over the alleged plagiarism and resigns immediately. What looks very much alike is the font. well.CONTEST Pilipinas Kay Ganda Logo Plagiarized from Poland’s The "Pilipinas Kay Ganda" logo was lifted from Poland's own tourism campaign. there were differences too. But Mr. the color and even the use of a tree (well.
they don’t. . The WOW Philippines.” he pointed out. This case is at a halt working in Progress so the Logo for Philippines tourism is still the old one. Lim also told that the tarsier and the smiling coconut tree were inputs provided by President Aquino when his team presented it to him. they don’t. We have ‘Kay Ganda. We have a tarsier.have a coconut tree.’ they don’t.
Esguerra.” he added. The Supreme Court recently ordered the 37 members of UP law school faculty to explain why they shouldn’t be sanctioned for unethical conduct when they released a . Christian V. declaring himself an enemy of plagiarism and standing squarely behind the 37 faculty members of the UP College of Law being threatened with disciplinary action for criticizing a high court justice accused of plagiarism. Aquino said authorities shouldn’t threaten persons who are exposing the truth in order to cover up for those who are at fault.Government Aquino. Santiago back UP Profs vs. “One should not lie. Mr. Nikko Dizon Philippine Daily Inquirer First Posted 01:59:00 11/21/2010 President Benigno Aquino has again placed himself in opposition to the Supreme Court. SC plagiarism By Norman Bordadora. one should not copy and one should not steal or use analysis without permission or proper attribution.
an international law expert and a former trial court judge. The ruling said the plagiarism was the result of an accident. did not buy the argument. herself a UP law school alumna.” Aquino also said that those in high positions shouldn’t intimidate or threaten persons who only want to freely express their own opinion and come out with the truth.” she told reporters. .” the high court said. “The accidental decapitation of attributions to sources of research materials is not remote. Santiago said the high tribunal’s decision that ruled Del Castillo innocent would set a bad precedent in terms of handling plagiarism cases in the future. when Del Castillo’s researcher mistakenly deleted the footnotes attributing portions of the decision to the works of four international legal luminaries. I don’t think they should be faulted for doing what they did. placing the blame on “the Microsoft program in use by the Court. Miriam Defensor-Santiago.” “That is an extraordinary skill.joint statement accusing Associate Justice Mariano del Castillo of plagiarizing parts of a decision he wrote on the case of Filipino “comfort women. So I support the case of the UP faculty. The senator said the 37 faculty members should in fact be “commended for being so vigilant that they can catch certain plagiarized quotations in Supreme Court decisions. Bad precedent From the Senate came support for the 37 from Sen.” But Santiago.
the most that they can do is to be graceful about its exit.” he said.” she said. I wonder what got into the heads of the 10 justices? They seem to be working as a bloc.” Casiple said. “In colleges and universities. but if you are the signed author of a document. it is putting up fortresses. In this plagiarism case. “In the intellectual world. an unforgivable crime.” Santiago said. a student caught plagiarizing is immediately flunked or kicked out of school. let’s say a decision of the Supreme Court. On the plagiarism issue.” Casiple said.” “The Supreme Court is standing its ground. “They (the justices) might be the ones who could be impeached.” she said. “The Supreme Court’s latest decisions show that it is more than willing to meddle in government initiatives.Unforgivable crime “You can make all kinds of excuses of why there is no attribution. It becomes a political thing in the sense that it is trying to define the limits of the powers of the President. Santiago noted that campus administrations are more strict in handling cases of plagiarism. Instead. without reaching the level of responsibility of a Supreme Court justice. This is a grave issue. plagiarism should be considered. Casiple said the high court appears to be “self-destructing. you are the last person to read the document so you will be able to catch all imperfections in that document. in effect. Courting impeachment Casiple warned that the high tribunal was “courting a political response” with actions that slighted the executive and legislative departments. They don’t want to listen. .
the accidental decapitation of attributions to sources of research materials is not remote. is in a tussle over the tribunal’s use of technology in dismissing a plagiarism case filed against Associate Justice Mariano del Castillo. The SC found credible the explanation of one of Del Castillo’s researchers.Supreme Court scored for using ‘Microsoft defense’ in plagiarism case By Melvin G. that she accidentally deleted the attributions in the course of editing her draft using the Microsoft Word program. the high court shot down the petition of lawyers Harry Roque and Romel Bagares who charged that Del Castillo copied the works of foreign authors in a decision he penned for the case Vinuya v. Executive Secretary Romulo. it would just be a case of bad footnoting rather than one of theft or deceit. In its decision. particularly the Supreme Court (SC) and the UP College of Law. .” it said. The court held that the Microsoft Word program does not have a function that raises an alarm when original materials are cut or pruned. a courtemployed attorney. “Given the operational properties of the Microsoft program in use by the Court. Calimag The legal community. the SC said Del Castillo “did not pass off (author) Tam’s work as his own” and that if his citations were imprecise. In 25-page decision last October 15.
even for topnotch researchers of the Supreme Court…. Nachura. Leonardo-De Castro. and Jose Mendoza. Lucas P. which earlier issued a statement criticizing the “reprehensible act of dishonesty and misrepresentation by the Highest Court of the land” and for its “act of intellectual fraud by copying works in order to mislead and deceive. Teresita J. The controversy has pitted the SC against UP College of Law. . In response. Roberto A. Martin S. Arturo D. the SC issued a seven-page resolution on Tuesday directing the UP Law Faculty led by Dean Marvic Leonen to show cause within 10 days why they should not be sanctioned administratively for issuing an “accusing statement” against the court on the plagiarism issue. Jose Portugal Perez. The SC has also ordered the acquisition the necessary software to prevent future lapses in citations and attributions. Abad. “UP should start revising its rules for plagiarism to account for technological mishaps like Microsoft. Brion. Bersamin.” Roque and Bagares.” wrote Bagares. Villarama Jr. Roque and also teachers at the law school. Or maybe we should sue Microsoft for manufacturing a lemon of a product like Microsoft Word. which has been making footnoting difficult. Sereno said the SC made “malicious intent” an indispensable element of plagiarism and computer-keying errors an exculpatory fact in charges of plagiarism. who are law firm partners. Antonio Eduardo B. In her dissenting opinion.In the majority were Chief Justice Renato Corona and Justices Presbitero Velasco Jr. graduated from UP Law.
This issue stems from my expose on April 12 about the highly appalling plagiarism of one of the writers of the Filipino Freethinkers. but their knee-jerk fanfare was only short-lived until someone posted his blog detailing how their most-commented blogger creatively copied the works of some professional writers and bloggers online. Espiritu.” However.Literature Karlo Espiritu Freethinking. Objectivism. an atheistic collective I passionately call Free-farters. produced a well-written and highly applauded blog posted on the group’s website on March 27 entitled What’s So Wrong With Objectivism. Since it would be highly impossible for Mr. wherein he claimed he “honestly wrote the essay hurriedly and published it without rewriting/revising it very well. he posted a statement on the Freethinkers’ Facebook group on April 13. Mr. Espiritu to deny the plagiarism allegation. A Freethinkers’ writer. brainless members of the Freethinkers were fooled into believing that Mr. Some ecstatic. Espiritu did not apologize for his plagiarism but for his “being too careless. and Plagiarism.” . Espiritu really authored his article.
” which was published thirteen years after Jacobs’s fantasy book.J. Rowling is facing plagiarism charges. the wizard only discovers his central task in a special bathroom. The case involves detailed allegations by the Estate of Adrian Jacobs that Rowling unlawfully lifted a substantial amount of material from his 16-page book and used it in “Harry Potter: The Goblet of Fire. Both books revolve around an International Wizards contest. Both books tell the tale of a Wizard who discovers his true nature whilst a boy. “Adrian Jacobs created a fantasy world intertwined with the real world in which there are Wizard Schools. apparently headless creatures. Elves as Wizard Helpers. Villages of Wizard Brewers.” Max Markson. . to earn points and win.K. special Wizard Hospitals. Rowling Plagiarism Harry Potter author J. Her name has been added as a defendant in a lawsuit against her publishers.K. International Gatherings of Wizards. acting as contest agents. a representative for Jacobs’s estate told Pop Tarts. from half-human creatures. Wizard Travel by magic powder. In each book. Wizard Chess played on Wizard Trains. in both books the wizard must rescue artificially held hostages. Gambling Wizards.
estimated to be the world's wealthiest author. etc.Human Memory Erasers. . and her agent. One prominent case involved a 2002 suit brought by American author Nancy Stouffer who claimed that her character "Larry Potter" bore a striking resemblance to Rowling's "Harry Potter. The Estate claims that all of these Jacobs’ concepts are echoed in Harry Potter and familiar now to Potter readers.” The lawsuit was originally brought against Rowling's publisher. Bloomsbury Publishing. they say." Stouffer lost her case and an appeal three years later." It's not the first time that Rowling. "Given the success of Rowling’s Potter series it seems unlikely that she’ll stop being a lightning rod for suits of this nature." The Jacobs estate is calling the lawsuit "a billion-dollar case. has had to defend herself against charges of plagiarism. Christopher Little (who was also Jacobs's agent). Library Journal writer Lauren Barack called it right while discussing plagiarism charges against Rowling last year. as "Harry Potter and The Goblet of Fire" was published in 2000. they have discovered "legal cause of action against [Rowling] within the last six years. But now. The Jacobs estate apparently had thought it was too late to sue Rowling." Barack wrote.
and claimed to have performed the routine earlier in clubs with Cook present. Other comedians have also accused Cook of stealing their material. .Other Country Joe Rogan Comedian Joe Rogan has claimed that Cook performed a bit on an episode of Premium Blend that Rogan had developed on I'm Gonna Be Dead Someday (sketch titled "Tigers Fucking"). A 2007 article in Radar magazine about joke theft included not only Rogan's allegations. despite a direct request by the comedian that Cook stop using the routine in question. but also those of a different anonymous "veteran comic" who accused Cook of appropriating one of that comic's "very physical routines".
The professor was familiar with the book and immediately recognized the plagiarism. The Committee on Discipline gave her a rehearing in May 1982 and again unanimously found her guilty of plagiarism and – with one abstention among the eight votes – again recommended that her degree be withheld for one year. she did not include citations in the text for some paraphrased material and she did not include the indicia of quotations for "numerous" verbatim quotations. While she did cite the book in five footnotes.Gabrielle Napolitano In January 1982. The trial court held that the evidence supported . then in her senior year at Princeton University. plagiarized the majority of her 12-page term paper in a Spanish class from a book in the library. Gabrielle Napolitano. The Princeton University Committee on Discipline in February 1982 unanimously found Napolitano had plagiarized and recommended punishment of delaying her bachelor's degree for one year. Napolitano sued and the judge recommended that Princeton give her a rehearing.
Princeton Univ. . Napolitano v. and the appellate court affirmed.Princeton's finding that Napolitano had plagiarized.