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Travel & Tourism

Economic Impact
Romania
2011
%

Growth
Exports
GDP

Jobs
Investment
CHAIRMAN: Richard R Kelley Feng Chen Jean Gabriel Pérès HONORARY MEMBERS:
Chairman Chairman of the Board President & CEO
Geoffrey J W Kent Outrigger Enterprises Group HNA Group Mövenpick Hotels & Resorts André Jordan
Founder & Executive Chairman Chairman
Abercrombie & Kent Tom Klein Rong Chen Fernando Pinto André Jordan Group
President CEO CEO
Sabre Holdings CITS, Head Office TAP Portugal Jonathan S Linen
Adviser to the Chairman
Gerald Lawless Jim Compton Alexander Pleshakov American Express Company
VICE CHAIRMEN: Executive Chairman Executive Vice President & CEO
Jumeirah Group Chief Revenue Officer Transaero Lord Marshall of Knightsbridge
Jean-Claude Baumgarten United Airlines Chairman
Vice Chairman Jabu Mabuza Anne Pruvot Nomura International plc
World Travel & Tourism Council CEO Pier Luigi Foschi Senior Executive
Tsogo Sun Group Chairman & CEO Accenture Sir Frank Moore, AO
Edouard Ettedgui Costa Cruises Chairman
Group Chief Executive J W Marriott, Jr David Radcliffe FT Moore P/L
Mandarin Oriental Hotel Group Chairman & CEO Arthur de Haast Chief Executive
Marriott International, Inc Global Chief Executive Officer Hogg Robinson Group Frank Olson
Sir Maurice Flanagan KBE Jones Lang LaSalle Hotels Retired Chairman of the Board
Executive Vice Chairman Alan Parker CBE The Hertz Corporation
Marty Salfen
Emirates Airline & Group Chief Executive
Andy Harrison General Manager
Whitbread PLC Gérard Pélisson
Chief Executive Global Travel &
Michael Frenzel Co-Chairman, Supervisory Board
Whitbread Plc Transportation Industry
Chairman of the Executive Board Christopher J Nassetta Accor
IBM
TUI AG President & CEO
Hilton Worldwide Raimund Hosch Carl Ruderman
Mark Harms President & CEO Per Setterberg Chairman
Chairman & CEO Charles Petruccelli Messe Berlin GmbH CEO Universal Media
Global Leisure Partners President Global Travel Services Global Blue Group
American Express Company Stephen P. Joyce Tommaso Zanzotto
Stephen P Holmes President & CEO Jasminder Singh President
Chairman & CEO Christopher Rodrigues CBE Choice Hotels International Chairman & CEO TZ Associates Ltd
Wyndham Worldwide Chairman Radisson Edwardian Hotels
VisitBritain Miltos Kambourides
Manfredi Lefebvre D’Ovidio Managing Partner Jeff Smisek
Chairman Jeffrey C Rutledge Dolphin Capital Partners President & CEO
Silversea Cruises Chairman & CEO United Airlines CHAIRMAN EMERITUS:
Travel Guard Worldwide, Inc Dara Khosrowshahi
Brett Tollman President & CEO Khalid A bin Sulayem James D Robinson III
President & Chief Executive Arne M Sorenson Expedia Inc Director General General Partner
The Travel Corporation President & COO Department of Tourism and RRE Ventures
Marriott International, Inc Sir Nigel Knowles Commerce Marketing WTTC Chairman (1990-1994)
Co-CEO
Jyotsna Suri DLA Piper Hiromi Tagawa
Chairperson & Managing Director President & CEO
EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE: Bharat Hotels Ltd RK Krishna Kumar JTB Corp
Vice Chairman IMMEDIATE PAST
Marilyn Carlson Nelson Taj Hotels, Resorts & Palaces Yassin K Talhouni CHAIRMAN:
Chairman CEO
Carlson GLOBAL MEMBERS: Hans Lerch Zara Investment Holding Co Ltd Vincent A Wolfington
Vice Chairman & CEO Chairman
Jeff Clarke Talal Al Bahar Hotelplan Holding Ltd Jaume Tàpies Global Alliance Advisors LLC
President & CEO Chairman & Managing Director President WTTC Chairman (2004-2007)
Travelport IFA Hotels & Resorts Yi Liu Relais & Châteaux
President
Andrew Cosslett Mohammed Al Habbai Beijing Tourism Group Robin Tauck
CEO CEO President
InterContinental Hotels Dubailand Luis Maroto R Tauck & Partners FORMER CHAIRMEN:
Group PLC CEO
Ted J Balestreri Amadeus IT Group SA Jose Antonio Tazón Sir Ian Prosser
Qiang Duan Chairman & CEO Chairman of the Board Retired Chairman
Chairman Cannery Row Company Amadeus IT Group SA InterContinental Hotels
Richard Mortimore
Beijing Tourism Group Group PLC
Managing Director
Simón P Barceló WTTC Chairman (2001-2003)
Reed Travel Exhibitions Jonathan M Tisch
Sebastián Escarrer CEO
Chairman & CEO
Vice Chairman Barceló Corporatión Empresarial Harvey Golub
Jim Murren Loews Hotels
Sol Meliá Non-Executive Chairman
Raymond Bickson CEO AIG Inc
Manuel Fernando Espírito Santo Managing Director MGM Resorts International Matthew D Upchurch WTTC Chairman (1996-2001)
Chairman Taj Hotels, Resorts and Palaces CEO
Rioforte Investments SA Jerry Noonan Virtuoso Robert H Burns
Rattawadee Bualert Co-leader, Global Hospitality Chairman
Denis Hennquin President & Leisure Practice Philip Wolf Robert H Burns Holdings
CEO lebua Hotels & Resorts Co, Ltd Spencer Stuart President & CEO Limited
Accor PhoCusWright, Inc WTTC Chairman (1994-1996)
Gabriele Burgio Deepak Ohri
Pansy Ho Chairman & CEO Chief Executive Officer Jiwei Xu
Managing Director NH Hoteles lebua Hotels & Resorts Co, Ltd Huangshan Tourism Group
Shun Tak Holdings Limited Chairman
Chris J Cahill Frits D van Paasschen PRESIDENT & CEO:
James Hogan COO President & CEO Vladimir Yakushev
CEO Fairmont Raffles Hotels Starwood Hotels & Resorts Managing Partner David Scowsill
Etihad Airways International Worldwide, Inc S-Group Capital Management

Hubert Joly Alexandre Chemla Andy Payne Tim Zagat


President, CEO & Director President CEO Co-Founder, Co-Chair & CEO
Carlson Altour Wilderness Safaris Zagat Survey LLC 14 February 2011
THE WORLD TRAVEL & TOURISM COUNCIL (WTTC), WHICH
IS THE BUSINESS LEADERS’ FORUM FOR TRAVEL & TOURISM,
HAS SPENT MORE THAN 20 YEARS DEVELOPING ITS ECONOMIC
IMPACT RESEARCH FOR THE BENEFIT OF PRIVATE AND PUBLIC
SECTOR DECISION-MAKERS. THIS COMPREHENSIVE RESEARCH
USES THE FRAMEWORK OF TOURISM SATELLITE ACCOUNTS.

Since full Tourism Satellite Accounts (TSAs) take considerable time and resources to develop,
WTTC produces its economic impact research annually for 181 countries to provide, on a
consistent basis, reliable and comparable information to assess Travel & Tourism’s current and
likely future contribution to economic activity and employment. Timeliness is one of the main
strengths of our research – so it can inform and help drive urgent policy and investment decisions
to support ongoing economic recovery and renewed job creation.

WTTC, in conjunction with its research partner Oxford Economics, has this year significantly enhanced its research
in order to make it of even greater value to Travel & Tourism decision-makers. We have refined our methodology
for estimating the direct economic contribution of Travel & Tourism to be fully consistent with the UN Statistics
Division-approved 2008 Tourism Satellite Account: Recommended Methodological Framework (TSA:RMF 2008).
While this has led to some changes in WTTC’s estimates of the size of the Travel & Tourism industry from those
in previous years’ reports, these changes mean that our findings are also consistent with the increasing number
of detailed TSAs being published by national statistical offices – and therefore even more useful in facilitating
benchmarking and comparisons of the economic contribution of Travel & Tourism across countries.
Our latest research confirms the recovery in Travel & Tourism in 2010, with the industry’s direct contribution
to global GDP increasing by 3.3%, to US$1,770 billion. During 2011, this recovery is forecast to strengthen
further– by 4.5% to US$1,850 billion, creating an additional 3 million direct industry jobs. Taking into account
its wider economic impacts, Travel & Tourism’s total economic contribution this year is expected to account for
US$5,987 billion, 9.1% of global GDP and 258 million jobs.
While economic growth going forward faces many challenges – as both governments and the private sector in
many developed economies seek to reduce their debts, and as the prices of oil and other commodities rise - the
Travel & Tourism industry is still expected to be one of the world’s fastest growing sectors. Emerging economies,
in particular, are expected to be increasingly important engines of such growth, boosting both international travel
and also generating increasingly vibrant domestic tourism sectors.
We are delighted that Travel & Tourism’s role as a key pillar of economic growth is being increasingly recognised
by governments in all regions of the world. This research clearly demonstrates the potential of Travel & Tourism
to drive global economic recovery and generate employment, helping to ensure sustainable development and the
alleviation of poverty by spreading the benefits more equitably across populations.

David Scowsill Geoffrey J W Kent


President & CEO Chairman, World Travel & Tourism Council and
World Travel & Tourism Council Chairman & CEO, Abercrombie & Kent
1
CONTENTS
THE ECONOMIC IMPACT of TRAVEL & TOURISM

2011 Key Facts 3

Defining the Economic Contribution of Travel & Tourism 4

Travel & Tourism’s Contribution to GDP 5

Travel & Tourism’s Contribution to Employment 6

Visitor Exports 7

Different Components of Travel & Tourism 8

Country Rankings 2011 (Absolute Contribution) 9

Country Rankings 2011 (Relative Contribution) 10

Country Rankings 2011-2021 (10-year Real Growth per annum) 11

Summary Tables (Estimates and Forecasts) 12

Summary Tables (Economic Contribution of Travel & Tourism) 13-14

Glossary 15

USE OF MATERIAL IS AUTHORISED, PROVIDED SOURCE IS ACKNOWLEDGED

1-2 Queen Victoria Terrace, Sovereign Court, London E1W 3HA, UK


2 Tel: +44 (0) 20 7481 8007. Fax: +44 (0) 20 7488 1008. Email: enquiries@wttc.org. www.wttc.org
ROMANIA

2011 KEY FACTS

Average real growth pa


2011-21
GDP: Direct Contribution
The direct contribution of Travel &Tourism to GDP is expected to be RON9.6bn (1.9% of total 7.7%
GDP) in 2011, rising by 7.7% pa to RON20.3bn (2.4%) in 2021 (in constant 2011 prices).

GDP: Total Contribution


The total contribution of Travel &Tourism to GDP, including its wider economic impacts, is forecast 6.6%
to rise by 6.6% pa from RON22.5bn (4.5% of GDP) in 2011 to RON42.8bn (5.0%) by 2021.

Employment: Direct Contribution


Travel & Tourism is expected to support directly 239,000 jobs (2.8% of total employment) in 2011, 2.3%
rising by 2.3% pa to 301,000 jobs (3.4%) by 2021.
Employment: Total Contribution
The total contribution of Travel & Tourism to employment, including jobs indirectly supported by 1.8%
the industry, is forecast to rise by 1.8% pa from 446,000 jobs (5.2% of total employment) in 2011 to
535,000 jobs (6.0%) by 2021.
Visitor Exports
Travel & Tourism visitor exports are expected to generate RON7.0bn (3.3% of total exports) in 8.7%
2011, growing by 11.9% pa (in nominal terms) to RON16.1bn (3.9%) in 2021.
Investment
Travel & Tourism investment is estimated at RON11.2bn or 7.4% of total investment in 2011. It 7.7%
should rise by 7.7% pa to reach RON23.5bn (or 7.7%) of total investment in 2021.

World ranking (out of 181 countries):


Relative importance of Travel & Tourism's total contribution to GDP
67 160 16
ABSOLUTE RELATIVE GROWTH
size contribution to national economy forecast

Breakdown of Travel & Tourism's Total Contribution to GDP and


Total Contribution of Travel & Tourism to GDP
Employment 2011
2011 RONbn GDP (2011 RONbn)
45
4
40

35
9
30

25 10 239 138 70
20 Employment ('000)

15

10

0
2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 2021
Direct Indirect Induced
= Total contribution of Travel
& Tourism
© 2011 World Travel & Tourism Council
1-2 QUEEN VICTORIA TERRACE, SOVEREIGN COURT, LONDON E1W 3HA, UK
TEL: +44 (0) 20 7481 8007 . FAX: +44 (0) 20 7488 1008 . enquiries@wttc.org . www.wttc.org

3
DEFINING THE ECONOMIC CONTRIBUTION OF
TRAVEL & TOURISM
Travel & Tourism is an important economic activity in most countries around the world. As well as its direct economic impact,
the industry has significant indirect and induced impacts. The UN Statistics Division-approved Tourism Satellite
Accounting methodology (TSA:RMF 2008) quantifies only the direct contribution of Travel & Tourism. But WTTC
recognises that Travel & Tourism's total contribution is much greater, and aims to capture its indirect and induced impacts
through its annual research.

Direct Contribution
The direct contribution of Travel & Tourism to GDP reflects the ‘internal’ spending on Travel & Tourism (total spending
within a particular country on Travel & Tourism by residents and non-residents for business and leisure purposes) as well as
government 'individual' spending - spending by government on Travel & Tourism services directly linked to visitors, such as
cultural (eg museums) or recreational (eg national parks).
The direct contribution of Travel & Tourism to GDP is calculated to be consistent with the output, as expressed in National
Accounting, of tourism-characteristic sectors such as hotels, airlines, airports, travel agents and leisure and recreation services
that deal directly with tourists.
The direct contribution of Travel & Tourism to GDP is calculated from total internal spending by ‘netting out’ the purchases
made by the different tourism sectors. This measure is consistent with the definition of Tourism GDP, specified in the 2008
Tourism Satellite Account: Recommended Methodological Framework (TSA: RMF 2008).
Total Contribution
The total contribution of Travel & Tourism includes its ‘wider impacts’ (ie the indirect and induced impacts) on the economy.
The ‘indirect’ contribution includes the GDP and jobs supported by:
• Travel & Tourism investment spending – an important aspect of both current and future activity that includes investment
activity such as the purchase of new aircraft and construction of new hotels;
• Government 'collective' spending, which helps Travel & Tourism activity in many different ways as it is made on behalf of
the ‘community at large’ – eg tourism marketing and promotion, aviation, administration, security services, resort area
security services, resort area sanitation services, etc;
• Domestic purchases of goods and services by the sectors dealing directly with tourists - including, for example, purchases of
food and cleaning services by hotels, of fuel and catering services by airlines, and IT services by travel agents.

The ‘induced’ contribution measures the GDP and jobs supported by the spending of those who are directly or indirectly
employed by the Travel & Tourism industry.

PLEASE NOTE THAT DUE TO CHANGES IN METHODOLOGY BETWEEN 2010 AND 2011, IT IS NOT POSSIBLE TO
COMPARE FIGURES PUBLISHED BY WTTC IN 2011 WITH THE SERIES PUBLISHED IN PREVIOUS YEARS

4
TRAVEL & TOURISM'S CONTRIBUTION TO GDP1
The direct contribution of Travel & Tourism to GDP is expected to be RON9.6bn in 2011 (1.9% of GDP).
This primarily reflects the economic activity generated by industries such as hotels, travel agents,
airlines and other passenger transportation services (excluding commuter services). But it also includes, for
example, the activities of the restaurant and leisure industries directly supported by tourists.
The direct contribution of Travel & Tourism to GDP is expected to grow by 7.7% per annum (pa) to
RON20.3bn (2.4% of GDP) by 2021.

Romania: Direct Contribution of Travel & Tourism to GDP

Constant 2011 RONbn % of whole economy GDP


25 2.5

20 2.0

15 1.5

10 1.0

5 0.5

0 0.0
2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 2021 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 2021

The total contribution of Travel & Tourism to GDP (including wider effects from investment, the supply
chain and induced income impacts, see page 2) is expected to be RON22.5bn in 2011 (4.5% of GDP). It is
forecast to rise by 6.6% pa from RON42.8bn by 2021 (5.0% of GDP).

Romania: Total Contribution of Travel & Tourism to GDP

Constant 2011 RONbn % of whole economy GDP


45 6.0

40
5.0
35

30 4.0

25
3.0
20

15 2.0

10
1.0
5

0 0.0
2011 2021 2011 2021

Direct Indirect Induced Direct Indirect Induced

1
All values are in constant 2011 prices & exchange rates

5
TRAVEL & TOURISM'S CONTRIBUTION TO
EMPLOYMENT
Travel & Tourism is expected to generate 239,000 jobs directly in 2011 (2.8% of total employment). This
includes employment by hotels, travel agents, airlines and other passenger transportation services
(excluding commuter services). It also includes, for example, the activities of the restaurant and leisure
industries directly supported by tourists.
By 2021, Travel & Tourism will account for 301,000 jobs directly, an increase of 62,000 (26.0%) over the
next ten years.

Romania: Direct Contribution of Travel & Tourism to Employment

'000 % of whole economy employment


350 4.0

300 3.5

3.0
250
2.5
200
2.0
150
1.5

100 1.0

50 0.5

0.0
0
2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 2021
2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 2021

The total contribution of Travel & Tourism to employment (including wider effects from investment, the
supply chain and induced income impacts, see page 2) is expected to be 446,000 jobs in 2011 (5.2% of total
employment). By 2021, Travel & Tourism is forecast to support 535,000 jobs (6.0% of total employment), an
increase of 1.8% pa over the period.

Romania: Total Contribution of Travel & Tourism to Employment

'000 % of whole economy employment


600 7.0

6.0
500

5.0
400

4.0
300
3.0

200
2.0

100 1.0

0 0.0
2011 2021 2011 2021

Direct Indirect Induced Direct Indirect Induced

6
VISITOR EXPORTS1
Visitor exports are a key component of the direct contribution of Travel & Tourism. Romania is expected to
attract 1,266,000 international tourist (overnight visitor) arrivals in 2011, generating RON7.0bn in visitor
exports (foreign visitor spending, including spending on transportation).
By 2021, international tourist arrivals are forecast to total 2,390,000, an increase of 6.6% pa generating
expenditure of RON16.1bn.

Romania: Visitor Exports and International Tourist Arrivals

Constant 2011 RONbn mn Foreign visitor exports as % of total exports

18 3 5.0
16 4.5
2.5
14 4.0
3.5
12 2
3.0
10
1.5 2.5
8 2.0
6 1 1.5
4 1.0
0.5
2 0.5
0.0
0 0
2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 2021
2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 2021

Foreign visitor exports (LHS) Foreign tourist arrivals (RHS)

INVESTMENT
Travel & Tourism is expected to attract capital investment of RON11.2bn, rising by 7.7% pa to RON23.5bn.

This means that Travel & Tourism’s share of total national investment will rise from 7.4% in 2011 to 7.7% in
2021.
Romania: Capital Investment in Travel & Tourism

Constant 2011 RONbn Travel & Tourism capital investment as % of whole


economy capital investment
25 9.0

8.0

20 7.0

6.0
15
5.0

4.0
10
3.0

5 2.0

1.0

0 0.0
2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 2021 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 2021

1
All values are in constant 2011 prices & exchange rates

7
DIFFERENT COMPONENTS OF TRAVEL & TOURISM1

Romania: Travel & Tourism's Direct Contribution to GDP -


Business vs Leisure, 2011
Leisure travel spending (inbound and domestic) is
expected to generate 94.2% of direct Travel &
Tourism GDP in 2011 compared with 5.8% for
business travel spending.

Leisure travel spending is expected to total


RON17.3bn in 2011, rising to RON35.7bn in
2021.
Business travel spending is expected to total
RON1.1bn in 2011, rising to RON2.6bn in
2021.

Leisure spending 94.2% Business spending 5.8%

Romania: Travel & Tourism's Direct Contribution to GDP -


Domestic vs Foreign, 2011
Domestic travel spending is expected to generate
59.1% of direct Travel & Tourism GDP in 2011
compared with 40.9% for visitor exports. (ie
foreign visitor spending or international tourism
receipts).

Domestic travel spending is expected to total


RON10.1bn in 2011, rising to RON19.3bn in
2021.
Visitor exports are expected to total RON7.0bn
in 2011, rising to RON16.1bn in 2021.

Foreign visitor spending 40.9% Domestic spending 59.1%

Romania: Breakdown of Travel & Tourism's Total


Contribution to GDP, 2011

The Travel & Tourism industry contributes to


GDP and employment in many ways as detailed
a
on page 2.

The total contribution of Travel & Tourism


Direct 42.7%
b to GDP is twice as large as its direct
Indirect 39.0% contribution.
c
Induced 18.3%

Indirect is the sum of:


a) Supply chain: 25.6%
b) Investment: 10.1%
c) Government collective: 3.3%

1
All values are in constant 2011 prices & exchange rates

8
COUNTRY RANKINGS, 2011
WTTC League Table Extract: Absolute Contribution

Travel & Tourism's Direct Contribution to GDP Travel & Tourism's Total Contribution to GDP
2011 2011
(US$bn) (US$bn)
8 Italy 64.29 8 Italy 170.49
23 Austria 15.91 World Average 47.43
World Average 15.68 22 Greece 43.90
26 Greece 15.68 24 Austria 43.55
44 Hungary 5.93 46 Hungary 15.43
45 Croatia 5.80 47 Czech Republic 15.26
50 Czech Republic 4.80 49 Croatia 13.74
64 Romania 2.74 65 Bulgaria 7.02
69 Slovakia 2.05 67 Romania 6.42
70 Bulgaria 2.03 73 Slovakia 5.22
100 Albania 0.94 89 Albania 3.26

Travel & Tourism's Direct Travel & Tourism's Total


Contribution to Employment 2011 Contribution to Employment 2011
('000) ('000)
18 Italy 853.4 18 Italy 2209.7
World Average 795.6 World Average 2002.3
40 Greece 332.4 40 Greece 767.9
49 Romania 238.8 53 Austria 522.6
50 Hungary 235.8 57 Czech Republic 458.9
56 Czech Republic 207.5 59 Romania 446.4
58 Austria 195.8 61 Hungary 429.4
65 Croatia 139.9 63 Bulgaria 423.6
72 Bulgaria 122.2 70 Croatia 326.3
95 Albania 66.7 82 Albania 233.1
101 Slovakia 57.0 100 Slovakia 137.8

Travel & Tourism Investment Visitor Exports


2011 2011
(US$bn) (US$bn)
8 Italy 15.75 6 Italy 42.84
20 Greece 7.41 13 Austria 21.47
World Average 3.60 22 Greece 14.76
33 Austria 3.50 32 Croatia 10.56
47 Czech Republic 1.84 38 Hungary 7.95
56 Croatia 1.41 40 Czech Republic 7.41
60 Hungary 1.02 World Average 6.44
61 Romania 0.97 52 Bulgaria 4.65
72 Bulgaria 0.62 67 Albania 2.25
83 Slovakia 0.45 68 Slovakia 2.24
108 Albania 0.22 73 Romania 2.00

The tables on pages 9-11 provide provide brief extracts from the full WTTC Country League Table Rankings,
highlighting comparisons with competing destinations as well as with the world average. The competing destinations
selected are those that offer a similar tourism product and compete for tourists from the same set of origin markets.
These tend to be, but are not exclusively, geographical neighbours.

9
COUNTRY RANKINGS, 2011
WTTC League Table Extract: Relative Contribution

Travel & Tourism's Direct Contribution to GDP Travel & Tourism's Total Contribution to GDP
2011 2011
% share % share
18 Croatia 11.64 21 Croatia 27.58
28 Albania 7.63 22 Albania 26.31
46 Greece 5.64 40 Greece 15.79
World Average 5.12 47 Bulgaria 14.90
60 Hungary 4.61 World Average 13.87
66 Austria 4.33 65 Hungary 12.01
67 Bulgaria 4.31 67 Austria 11.84
91 Italy 3.24 90 Italy 8.59
116 Czech Republic 2.51 101 Czech Republic 7.97
120 Slovakia 2.40 129 Slovakia 6.11
146 Romania 1.90 160 Romania 4.46

Travel & Tourism's Direct Travel & Tourism's Total


Contribution to Employment 2011 Contribution to Employment 2011
% share % share
19 Croatia 12.7 19 Croatia 29.6
24 Greece 8.0 25 Albania 23.9
38 Albania 6.8 32 Greece 18.4
43 Hungary 6.2 48 Bulgaria 13.7
World Average 5.2 World Average 13.6
55 Austria 4.7 54 Austria 12.7
65 Czech Republic 4.3 65 Hungary 11.3
70 Bulgaria 3.9 80 Italy 9.7
77 Italy 3.7 81 Czech Republic 9.5
105 Romania 2.8 127 Slovakia 5.9
122 Slovakia 2.4 142 Romania 5.2

Travel & Tourism Investment Visitor Exports


Contribution to Capital Investment 2011 Contribution to Exports 2011
% share % share
26 Greece 14.26 14 Albania 47.56
34 Croatia 10.77 18 Croatia 44.06
World Average 8.27 43 Greece 22.78
68 Romania 7.38 63 Bulgaria 14.47
81 Bulgaria 6.19 81 Austria 10.47
109 Austria 4.61 98 Italy 8.08
111 Albania 4.57 105 Hungary 6.94
116 Czech Republic 4.34 World Average 5.75
119 Hungary 4.13 123 Czech Republic 4.52
121 Italy 4.08 142 Romania 3.14
158 Slovakia 2.54 143 Slovakia 3.11

10
COUNTRY RANKINGS, 2011 - 2021
WTTC League Table Extract: 10-year Real Growth per annum

Travel & Tourism's Direct Contribution to GDP Travel & Tourism's Total Contribution to GDP
2011 - 2021 2011 - 2021
(10-year real growth % pa) (10-year real growth % pa)
7 Romania 7.7 16 Romania 6.6
56 Albania 5.5 57 Albania 5.4
World Average 4.4 108 Croatia 4.3
110 Croatia 4.4 World Average 4.1
122 Greece 4.0 120 Greece 4.0
123 Austria 4.0 134 Austria 3.5
149 Slovakia 3.2 152 Slovakia 2.8
161 Italy 2.6 167 Hungary 2.1
163 Hungary 2.5 169 Italy 2.0
167 Czech Republic 2.3 174 Czech Republic 1.7
170 Bulgaria 2.1 175 Bulgaria 1.6

Travel & Tourism's Direct Travel & Tourism's Total


Contribution to Employment 2011 - 2021 Contribution to Employment 2011 - 2021
(10-year real growth % pa) (10-year real growth % pa)
62 Austria 2.9 65 Albania 2.7
65 Albania 2.8 World Average 2.2
91 Romania 2.3 94 Greece 2.1
World Average 1.9 95 Austria 2.1
116 Greece 1.9 106 Romania 1.8
127 Italy 1.6 142 Croatia 1.1
149 Slovakia 1.0 144 Italy 1.0
150 Croatia 1.0 153 Slovakia 0.4
159 Hungary 0.3 167 Hungary -0.2
172 Czech Republic -0.2 173 Czech Republic -0.9
180 Bulgaria -3.2 180 Bulgaria -3.9

Travel & Tourism Investment Visitor Exports


2011 - 2021 2011 - 2021
(10-year real growth % pa) (10-year real growth % pa)
53 Albania 5.7 7 Romania 8.7
58 Croatia 5.6 52 Greece 5.9
World Average 5.4 84 Albania 5.0
85 Slovakia 4.8 99 Croatia 4.6
116 Austria 4.1 World Average 4.3
123 Hungary 3.8 132 Austria 3.6
133 Greece 3.5 140 Slovakia 3.3
151 Czech Republic 2.6 153 Hungary 2.6
168 Italy 1.7 156 Italy 2.5
176 Bulgaria 1.0 171 Czech Republic 1.7
181 Romania 0.0 173 Bulgaria 1.7

11
SUMMARY TABLES
ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS
2011 2021
1 2 1
ROMANIA RONbn % of total Growth RONbn % of total Growth3
Direct contribution to GDP 9.6 1.9 11.3 20.3 2.4 7.7
Total contribution to GDP 22.5 4.5 6.2 42.8 5.0 6.6
4
Direct contribution to employment 239 2.8 1.9 301 3.4 2.3
4
Total contribution to employment 446 5.2 -0.5 535 6.0 1.8
Visitor exports 7.0 3.3 14.1 16.1 3.9 8.7
Domestic spending 9.9 2.0 4.6 19.0 2.2 6.7
Leisure spending 17.3 3.4 8.8 35.7 4.2 7.5
Business spending 1.1 0.2 3.7 2.6 0.3 9.2
Capital investment 11.2 7.4 -0.2 23.5 7.7 0.0
1 2 3 4
2011 constant prices & exchange rates; 2011 real growth adjusted for inflation (%); 2011-2021 annualised real growth adjusted for inflation (%); '000 jobs

2011 2021
1
EUROPE US$bn % of total Growth2 US$bn 1
% of total Growth3
Direct contribution to GDP 554.5 2.8 2.7 748.2 2.9 3.0
Total contribution to GDP 1,535.3 7.7 1.8 1,999.9 7.8 2.6
4
Direct contribution to employment 9,709 2.6 1.3 11,153 3.0 1.4
4
Total contribution to employment 28,058 7.7 0.3 30,338 8.1 0.8
Visitor exports 487.2 6.0 5.9 683.1 5.0 3.4
Domestic spending 654.2 3.3 0.7 879.8 3.4 2.9
Leisure spending 914.1 4.6 2.6 1,246.0 4.8 3.1
Business spending 249.0 1.2 3.8 342.6 1.3 3.2
Capital investment 144.1 3.8 4.6 214.2 3.9 3.9
1 2 3 4
2011 constant prices & exchange rates; 2011 real growth adjusted for inflation (%); 2011-2021 annualised real growth adjusted for inflation (%); '000 jobs

2011 2021
1
Growth2
1
WORLDWIDE US$bn % of total US$bn % of total Growth3
Direct contribution to GDP 1,850 2.8 4.5 2,861 2.9 4.2
Total contribution to GDP 5,991.9 9.1 3.9 9,226.9 9.6 4.2
4
Direct contribution to employment 99,048 3.4 3.0 120,427 3.6 2.0
4
Total contribution to employment 258,592 8.8 3.2 323,826 9.7 2.3
Visitor exports 1,163 5.7 5.5 1,789 4.7 4.3
Domestic spending 2,637 4.0 3.8 4,128 4.3 4.3
Leisure spending 2,963 4.5 3.8 4,604 4.7 4.3
Business spending 899 1.4 6.1 1,402 1.5 4.3
Capital investment 651 4.5 4.6 1,124 4.6 5.4
1 2 3 4
2011 constant prices & exchange rates; 2011 real growth adjusted for inflation (%); 2011-2021 annualised real growth adjusted for inflation (%); '000 jobs

12
THE ECONOMIC CONTRIBUTION OF
TRAVEL & TOURISM

ROMANIA
(RONbn, nominal prices) 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011E 2021F
1. Visitor exports 4.2 5.1 5.5 7.1 5.4 5.9 7.0 21.5

2. Domestic expenditure 8.3 6.7 8.1 9.4 8.9 9.0 9.9 25.3

3. Internal tourism consumption 12.6 12.0 13.8 16.7 14.5 15.1 17.1 47.3
(= 1 + 2 + government individual spending)

4. Purchases by tourism providers, -6.6 -6.4 -7.4 -9.0 -7.7 -7.9 -8.7 -24.1
including imported goods (supply chain)
5. Direct contribution of Travel & Tourism to GDP
(= 3 + 4) 5.8 5.2 6.4 7.8 7.7 8.3 9.6 27.0

Other final impacts (indirect & induced)


6. Domestic supply chain 5.2 4.7 5.8 7.1 7.0 7.5 8.7 24.4

7. Capital investment 4.7 6.2 8.9 12.1 10.5 10.2 11.2 31.4

8. Government collective spending 0.7 0.8 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 2.1

9. Imported goods from indirect -5.1 -6.2 -8.7 -11.6 -10.5 -10.6 -12.2 -37.6
spending

10. Induced 2.6 2.4 3.0 3.8 3.8 3.8 4.1 9.8

11. Total contribution of Travel & 13.9 13.2 16.4 20.3 19.7 20.3 22.5 57.2
Tourism to GDP
(= 5 + 6 + 7 + 8 + 9 + 10)

Employment impacts ('000)


12. Direct contribution of Travel & 277.6 213.9 221.5 225.3 228.8 234.3 238.8 300.9
Tourism to employment

13. Total contribution of Travel & 518.7 417.8 439.1 455.9 450.8 448.6 446.4 535.4
Tourism to employment

Other indicators
14. Expenditure on outbound travel 3.4 4.4 4.5 6.5 5.8 6.6 8.2 21.3

15. International tourist (overnight 1,360 1,479 1,659 1,393 1,209 1,272 1,266 2,390
visitor) arrivals ('000)

*Concepts shown in this table align with the standard table totals as described in the 2008 Tourism Satellite Account: Recommended
Methodological Framework (TSA: RMF 2008) developed by the United Nations Statistical Division (UNSD), the Statistical Office
of the European Communities (EUROSTAT), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and the World
Tourism Organization (UNWTO).

Historical data for concepts has been benchmarked to match reported TSA data where available.

13
THE ECONOMIC CONTRIBUTION OF
TRAVEL & TOURISM

ROMANIA
1 2
GROWTH (%) 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011E 2021F
1. Visitor exports 72.7 10.4 -4.9 10.6 -25.7 2.9 14.1 8.7

2. Domestic expenditure 21.0 -27.2 6.9 0.9 -9.1 -2.6 4.6 6.7

3. Internal tourism consumption 34.3 -14.3 1.8 4.8 -16.0 -0.7 8.1 7.5
(= 1 + 2 + government individual spending)

4. Purchases by tourism providers, 33.3 -11.3 6.8 3.3 -19.7 -2.8 6.3 7.6
including imported goods (supply chain)
5. Travel & Tourism's direct contribution to GDP
(= 3 + 4) 37.9 -18.0 7.3 6.2 -4.5 2.1 11.3 7.7

Other final impacts (indirect & induced)


6. Domestic supply chain 37.9 -18.0 7.3 6.2 -4.5 2.1 11.3 7.7

7. Capital investment -62.7 34.0 25.3 13.2 -21.3 -10.8 -0.2 0.0

8. Government collective spending 12.2 2.3 0.0 7.0 0.4 -11.5 -6.1 3.4

9. Imported goods from indirect -60.8 7.3 14.3 8.2 -11.4 0.7 15.4 6.1
spending

10. Induced 47.4 -14.6 9.6 7.5 -2.3 -4.0 3.3 6.0

11. Total contribution of Travel & 45.9 -14.0 9.2 7.6 -6.1 -1.9 6.2 6.6
Tourism to GDP
(= 5 + 6 + 7 + 8 + 9 + 10)

Employment impacts
12. Direct contribution of Travel & 28.3 -22.9 3.5 1.7 1.5 2.4 1.9 2.3
Tourism to employment

13. Total contribution of Travel & 39.4 -19.4 5.1 3.8 -1.1 -0.5 -0.5 1.8
Tourism to employment

Other indicators
14. Expenditure on outbound travel 26.9 18.7 -9.6 24.9 -14.1 9.5 18.4 6.9

15. International tourist (overnight 0.0 8.7 12.2 -16.0 -13.2 5.2 -0.5 6.6
visitor) arrivals

1 2
2005-2011 real annual growth adjusted for inflation (%); 2011-2021 annualised real growth adjusted for inflation (%)

14
GLOSSARY
Key Definitions
Travel & Tourism – relates to the activity of travellers Internal tourism consumption – total revenue
on trips outside their usual environment with a generated within a country by industries that deal
duration of less than one year. Economic activity directly with tourists including visitor exports, domestic
related to all aspects of such trips is measured within spending and government individual spending. This
the research. does not include spending abroad by residents. This is
consistent with total internal tourism expenditure in
Direct contribution to GDP – GDP generated by
table 4 of the TSA: RMF 2008.
industries that deal directly with tourists, including
hotels, travel agents, airlines and other passenger Business Travel & Tourism spending – spending
transport services, as well as the activities of restaurant on business travel within a country by residents and
and leisure industries that deal directly with tourists. It international visitors.
is equivalent to total internal Travel & Tourism spending
Leisure Travel & Tourism spending – spending
(see below) within a country less the purchases made
on leisure travel within a country by residents and
by those industries (including imports). In terms of
international visitors.
the UN’s Tourism Satellite Account methodology it is
consistent with total GDP calculated in table 6 of the
TSA: RMF 2008. Indirect and Induced Impacts
Direct contribution to employment – the number Indirect contribution – the contribution to GDP and
of direct jobs within the Travel & Tourism industry. This jobs of the following three factors:
is consistent with total employment calculated in table 7
• Capital investment – includes capital investment
of the TSA: RMF 2008.
spending by all sectors directly involved in the Travel
Total contribution to GDP – GDP generated directly & Tourism industry. This also constitutes investment
by the Travel & Tourism industry plus its indirect and spending by other industries on specific tourism assets
induced impacts (see below). such as new visitor accommodation and passenger
transport equipment, as well as restaurants and leisure
Total contribution to employment – the number
facilities for specific tourism use. This is consistent
of jobs generated directly in the Travel & Tourism
with total tourism gross fixed capital formation in
industry plus the indirect and induced contributions
table 8 of the TSA: RMF 2008.
(see below).
• Government collective spending – general government
spending in support of general tourism activity. This
Direct Spending Impacts can include national as well as regional and local
government spending. For example, it includes tourism
Visitor exports – spending within the country by
promotion, visitor information services, administrative
international tourists for both business and leisure trips,
services and other public services. This is consistent
including spending on transport. This is consistent with
with total collective tourism consumption in table 9 of
total inbound tourism expenditure in table 1 of the TSA:
TSA: RMF 2008.
RMF 2008.
• Supply-chain effects – purchases of domestic goods
Domestic Travel & Tourism spending – spending
and services directly by different sectors of the Travel &
within a country by that country’s residents for both
Tourism industry as inputs to their final tourism output.
business and leisure trips. Multi-use consumer durables
are not included since they are not purchased solely for Induced contribution – the broader contribution to
tourism purposes. This is consistent with total domestic GDP and employment of spending by those who are
tourism expenditure in table 2 of the TSA: RMF 2008. directly or indirectly employed by Travel & Tourism.
Outbound spending by residents abroad is not included
here, but is separately identified according to the TSA:
RMF 2008 (see below).
Other Indicators
Outbound expenditure – spending outside the
Government individual spending – government
country by residents on all trips abroad. This is fully
spending on individual non-market services for which
aligned with total outbound tourism expenditure in
beneficiaries can be separately identified. These social
table 3 of the TSA: RMF 2008.
transfers are directly comparable to consumer spending
and, in certain cases, may represent public provision of Foreign visitor arrivals – the number of arrivals
consumer services. For example, it includes provision of of foreign visitors, including same-day and overnight
services in national parks and museums. visitors (tourists) to the country. 15
The World Travel & Tourism Council is the forum for business leaders in the Travel
& Tourism industry.

With the Chairs and Chief Executives of the 100 foremost Travel & Tourism companies as its Members,
WTTC has a unique mandate and overview on all matters related to Travel & Tourism.

WTTC works to raise awareness of Travel & Tourism as one of the world’s largest industries, supporting
around 260 million jobs and forecast to generate over 9% of global GDP in 2011.

Together with its research partner, Oxford Economics, WTTC produces comprehensive reports on
an annual basis – with updates whenever required – to quantify, compare and forecast the economic
impact of Travel & Tourism on 181 economies around the world. It also publishes a World report
highlighting global trends. To download one-page summaries, the full reports or spreadsheets, visit
www.wttc.org

Assisting WTTC to provide tools for analysis, benchmarking, forecasting and


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Over the last 30 years Oxford Economics has built a diverse and loyal client base of over 300
organisations worldwide, including international organisations, governments, central banks, and both
large and small businesses. Headquartered in Oxford, England, with offices in London, Belfast, Paris,
the UAE, Singapore, Philadelphia, New York and San Francisco, Oxford Economics employs over 70
full-time, highly qualified economists and data specialists, while maintaining links with a network of
economists in universities worldwide.

For more information please take advantage of a free trial on our website, www.oxfordeconomics.com,
or contact John Gaster, Oxford Economics, Abbey House, 121 St Aldates, Oxford, OX1 1HB, UK.

Tel: +44 (0) 1865 268900; email: jrgaster@oxfordeconomics.com

16
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