You are on page 1of 12

c Ê 

 

  .

.

 .

.

   .

  .

 .

 .

   c !  "   Ê # $ $ .

$.

     .

%&.

.

& .

&  &.

.

%&    ' .

&$  &.

 & $ .

  .

 &.

& .

%  &  (.

' c-.c/c   " Ê . )& $* +  $  .

 '(  &.

   .

 .

.

& %  .

  .

 .

& $ &.

c-0 123 "-  è   .   $$ ' .

.

       .

.

   .

       .

     .

.

.

   .

.

 .

.

.

 O ÊÊÊÊ ÊÊ.

 ÊÊ Ê ÊÊÊÊ Ê.

 Ê Ê  Ê Ê  ÊÊ .

Ê ÊÊÊ Ê .

Ê Ê  .

Ê Ê Ê   ÊÊ   Ê Ê ÊÊÊ  Ê ÊÊ Ê .

ÊÊ ÊÊ   Ê Ê Ê Ê.

ÊÊ ÊÊ  .

Ê Ê Ê Ê ÊÊ  Ê ÊÊ Ê  .

Ê Ê Ê   ÊÊ Ê Ê Ê .

Ê Ê Ê .

ÊÊ  Ê Ê  Ê Ê .

ÊÊ Ê Ê ÊÊ Ê ÊÊÊ Ê  ÊÊ  .

ÊÊÊÊÊ.

 Ê.

Examples of such circumstances and/or acts are where: °Ê  ou and your spouse agree to live apart (including a decision to do so after the respondent has left the family home) °Ê O court grants a decree of judicial separation °Ê The respondent made a reasonable offer to resume cohabitation that you unreasonably refused °Ê The respondent has given you a reason to stay away from the home. =onditions for Legal Desertions . for example. it must be added to the two year period leading up to your petition. you will need to satisfy the court that: °Ê  ou no longer live with your spouse ('the respondent') °Ê This was without your consent or against your wishes (either before or after the desertion) °Ê The respondent intends to permanently stop living with you °Ê The respondent does not have reasonable cause to stop living with you. you are advised to rely upon this fact only if the other facts do not apply to you. However. Consequently. For example.Ê ÊÊ   Ê Ê Ê Ê ÊÊ Ê Two years¶ desertion To obtain a divorce on the fact of two years of desertion. such as your extremely unreasonable behaviour In addition. O period of up to six months where you both attempt reconciliation will not prohibit the use of this ground. you should be aware that certain circumstances and/or acts prohibit the ground of desertion being used as a ground of divorce. you will not be able to petition for a divorce until two years and four months have lapsed. he/she commits adultery °Ê  ou and the respondent resume cohabitation for a long period. Desertion is a fairly rare ground for obtaining a divorce today as it is a complicated fact to prove. if you have lived separately for precisely two years but have resumed cohabitation for four months of that time.

Here are some conditions laid down by the Supreme Court in a landmark case of *    .

willfully staying separately from the deserted spouse. °Ê Obsence of consent to the separation on the part of deserted spouse. . OIR 1957 SC 176. The following conditions must be satisfied for desertion to be established in law: °Ê Factum of separation i. °Ê Obsence of any action by the deserted spouse providing justified reason to the spouse to leave the matrimony home.  . °Ê On intention to bring a permanent end to cohabitation.e.

Osha «««. 2. Which ended in an acquittal.. Desertion 2. 6. 1. 1. Having understood the mind of the respondent that the respondent is not interested to join the matrimonial home to lead a happy conjugal life. The appellant filed a matrimonial case for grant of divorce on two grounds. 7. The respondent left the matrimonial in the year 1996 at her will without any cause neither she was employed nor having any other avagations to leave the matrimonial home .the Respondent Your Honour. . The Honourable Court may be please to pass a decree of divorce.Neeraj ««. j would like to argue on behalf of the Appellants It is unfortunate that the laws made for the benefit of women¶s are being misused than used for their benefit. The appellant issued a notice of Restuation of conjugal rights (RCR) in 1997 as a counter blast the respondent filed a criminal case in 1998 making allegations of cruelty against the appellant. It is clear from the undisputed facts of the case that the appellant has made every effort to restore the marriage between them.the Oppellant OND: Smt. cruelty 4. Now the only question before this Honourable Court is whether the appellant is entitled for a decree of divorce. j THE HO OURABLE =OURT OF BM =OLLAGE AT VjAKHAPAT AM BETWEEN: Mr. 5. The case of the appellant and the undisputed facts are the marriage of the appellant and respondent took place 1994 and the respondent left the matrimonial home in 1996. Os such it is clear that there is voluntary desertion by the respondent from the matrimonial home on this ground alone. 3. I submit that the appellant is before this Honourable Court in an appeal against the orders of the Honourable High Court for declining to grant divorce. The courts below surprisingly did not grant divorce and passed a decree for judicial separation. It is the reason for acquittal of 85% of 498-O cases.

Ê I submit that the Honourable Court may be please to pass a decree of divorce appellant as against the respondent by awarding costs throughout. b.Now I came to the point of cruelty. a.Ê I submit that it is settled law that when a wife file¶s an application under 498-O making untruthful wild allegations against the appellant which cause mental agony and sufferance to the appellant are sufficient grounds to prove the cruelty of the respondent.                     c   & .

c" c c/.

4.

  #.

 & .

.

#   '  0c/1 ##51 .

&& .

.

.

  6.

 .

   &  .

 .

.

$  && $  .

  &.

 .

     .

        %  .

 &   6.

           .

  .

.

 / c   &&.

 .

2  &.

 7   c 8 c9.

 %.

 ' .

%   .

 .

   &.

     &.

  '   '      $' & .

.

 %   .

.

&.

.

  .

c c9     .   ".

&.

  .

   .

 .

   .

 .

c/  . 7  .c.

  .

 &.

           $  &.

  98.

  ! #.

     .

.

$ .

$.

 --" $   $ &6        .

.

'#.

.

   .'.

  .

 &.

  &    &.

6 .

&.

  "    .

  :#.

   .

 .

     .

  $%.       " .

 8  c8      .

 # +.

"8"<c8 .

+  .

 .

.&4% .

%0!1%.

  .

 .

& $ .

 &.

  c"0c10c 10c 1.

2   &.

  .

.

.

.   .

    .

  .

'& .

  .

 .

& $ .

%   &.

 .

  &.

'.

&%   .

 .

 .

  &.

  &   .

   7      $.

    &  .

&   .

  $   &.

 &.

    $    .

.

.

  %  2#.

'  &.

   &.

.

.

   .

  &&.

 .

&.

&.

    9   .

  &.

 .

  '   .

 .

      4.

  2#.

 .

    .

            & $ $.

  7 &    2#.

      $    $.

  .

.

.

   %.

.

   % .

    $  .

       &.

 &.

  .

 9 .

           .

2#.

    / 2 '  .

  .

2#.

   .

   .

    & $  %.

.

   %&.

 .

  ' .

 .

  .

 &&.

 .

&.

&.

  %     .

&   .

  .

    .

  .

    .

.

  '  /         .

.

'  & .

& $ .

 .

 .

   .

.

.

  % '    .

'   .

 .

    %& & .

  .

     $.

#.

   .

    (&.

.

   & c9 .

#.

.

     .

.

c=$ .

  %    ' '   $.

c9  $ %.

.

&       &.

.

  .

    &.

     .

 .

 $ .

         .

  .

  $.

' .

     .

 .

.

   .

   .

.

$.

 .

      =  &%  $.

  .

.

     .

     $    .

.

 &.

  %   &.

&   &.

.

% =   ( .

.

  $.

  &   .

.

% &        .

 &&.

 .

 &  .

    .

.

  7   .

     &  .

       $#.

  .

.

 $ .

  .

$ $  .

.

        .

  &.

      $ .

  .

     & 0# 1    .

 .

.

   .

&.

 8 c"  .

   & .

  &  &  $.

  &     % ' ( &.

  & &.

  .

   .

 &.

&  .

         5  &  &.

&  .

  >.

 . .

&.

  .

     &   $    .

 .

   ' $%  .

  .

  .

  .

   .

  .

  .

 .

 ' 5     .

' 6 .

'.

  $ $.

   .

$.

  .

      8   &.

   '.

  &.

  : $.

    .

2#.

  .

 .

   &.

 .

  &.

  .

.

.

        .

        $ .

  .

      .

 $.

   .

'   .

  '$   .

  4  .

&.

.

  #.

 & .

.

#   0 1%          .

.

$  && $   .

& &.

  '%  &.

  &.

&   .

   .

 .

& $ &&.

  $% (&  .

.

 & c9 .

 8   #.

.

.

          .

  &.

   .

'% &.

&.

.

   .

  .

  .

   .

   c..

' #.

 &   c9 .

#.

.

  .

.(&   1  .

' ! ..

%0 -.1  c-##c9?01  '      .

 %0 --91c##c "? 01.   !   $'    $%  0 --/15##"/ 7 .

   & % .

& .

   .

 !.

   $    .

'.

& $   &.

  &.

c"@.

2     &%c// .

 .

.

  '.

#.

 & c9 %  &.

'.

& .

   6.

   .

       .

.

        .

 .

 ' $   .

    & % .

        .

 .

 ' $%  #.

 &.

'.

&  $  A  $#.

% & $ .

  .

$.

( .

  cc 2 '  . c%/-%--.

 $&.

     .

  & .

.

  c=$ .

       .

.

     '    $.

c9  $ %  .

&.

' &  $   &.

&  .

      .

    .

 .

   .

' .

  &      .

 .

 ' $   c   && &%.

.

   &.

.

#.

 .

# :  & 0 1 .

 .

'    &        .

  && .

  .

  & &.

  '%&.

  &  .

&  .

   .

 .

  & $% % &&.

  $% (&.

.

 c-   .

 & c9 .

#.

.

  &   .

    .

   .

'%   &.

   $ .

  .

  .

.

  $ $.

     .

$   .

%      .

 $&.

.

  .

  .

 %   /%---<    .

.

 &&.

  $           .

                                   .