About this book
Two separate, but overlapping, therapies are introduced in Massage for Common Ailments - massage and Shiatsu. All the sequences f()r treating ailments are derived from massage unless the heading states Shiatsu. You can use them individually or together to help the healing process. Before you start treating an ailment, take time to study Basic Strokes (see pp.22-7) and When Massage Should N ot Be Used (see p.93). The main part of the book, Common Ailments (pp.28-89), is divided into separate sections that deal with different parts of the body, starting with the head and working down to the feel. The charts on pp. 30-1 show you where in the body the various ailments occur. Note Always consult a doctor if you are in doubt abolit a medical condition, and observe the cautions given in the book.

~'.

CON TEN TS
10

Introduction

16

Beginning
Creating the environment Centring and hara Beginning an oiI massage Aromatherapy essences

22

Basic strokes
Gliding strokes Medium depth strokes Deep tissue or friction strokes Percussion strokes Shiatsu techniques

28

Common ailments
Where does it hurt?

32

Insomnia, fatigue, anxiety, depression Connecting 44

Whole

body

Head Headaches Sinuscongestion Colds

l. I i' ..~ ~ ......

"".~.
52

Jf T ~ J' "-. )'}..".

Neck, shoulders and upper back
Neck stiffness, arthritis and strain Upper back and shoulder stiffness or pam

"," ./1 (

.o

60

Chest Congestion.
Coughs, bronchitis and asthma

strains Hand and wrist problems 't >"""J . ).... ""! -r"" *.". arthritis. arthritis 90 90 Important information Compresses ti -- \ \ \ '1 Strains andsprains "" t 92 93 ..-'.. sprains and strains Legache. - 68 Indigestion and nausea Constipation and flatulence Menstrual pain "'l Stomach andbelly ..i- \.. - When massageshould not be used Index and resources 94 . Arthritis "'-. cramp. sprains and strains.d 64 Armsand hands Tennis elbow.. . footache.."" -'\. -J ( \ 74 Mid andlower back Mid backache Lower backache Sciatica Aching hips Exercises for mid or lower back pain 84 Legsand feet Cramp Knee ache.J. \.

. cramp. arthritis 90 90 Legs and feet Important information i' . "'".... .64 Arms and hands Tenms elbow. ( ( Mid backache Lower backache Sciatica Aching hips Exercises for mid or lower back pain 84 Mid and lower back \ Cramp Knee ache.- -.. strains Hand and wrist problems ' -. sprains and strains.""".. 'i<.. footache.'ii' Menstrual pain 74 -"'" " ""!. arthritis.. ..y\. 68 lndigestion and nausea Constipation and flatulence Stomach and belly ..- 93 94 Indexandresources . " Arthritis When massage should not be used '/i'7" .. '\ ... sprains and strains Legache..'.r- \ \ Compresses 92 Strains and sprains '" " \ { \.. .....

INTR ODUCTION Throughout history we have used aur hands to impart comfort and healing to Oileanother.. Gentle holding and stroking. In the developing embryo. The fals that were regularly touched showed faster growth rates. cause transformations both physically and psychologically. Chapin and Knox and J. They found that many babies died in infancy and others showed clear signs of disturbance and poor physical and emotional development as a result of too linIe tactile stimulationJ Physiologically. studies of babies in institutions were conducted by Drs. Touching is contact. Also. It is a simple way of communicating.-- . And with a linIe willingness and commitment we can turn this natural talent into a creative healing skill. soothe aur nerves and decrease tension. touch is the first sense to become functional in the embryo.-. It is well known. reassurance that we are not alone. that for infants. Touch can also decrease aur blood pressure and heart rate. too. bener immunity to disease and higher fertility and were less subiect to stress than those that were not. Some were consistently handled and stroked and others were not.- . the skin arises from the same celllayer as the nervous system and can thus be seen as the extern al portion of the nervous system . When we lay aur hands on another with compassion and good-will many subtle changes take place. fondling and tender touch that go beyond the basic needs for food and cleanliness are vital for life. The value of massage The inteTIt that goes with touch makes all the difference to its effect. by learning the basic strokes and techniques of massage and widening aur vocabulary in the language of touch. warmth. lIn the 1920s in Philadelphia the anatomist Frederick Hammen and other American researchers in the 1950s and 60s conducted experiments with groups of falS to investigate the effects of touch.aur largest and most sensitive organ. caring touch and massage help the flow of blood and lymph in aur bodies. It has been suggested that massage may aid the production of endorphins iii. touching given with tenderness and care.able to receive and register a vast quantity of varied signals. Brennemann.. aur sense of touch is registered by aur skin ..----- . something we all do naturally. and to make a wide range of responses to them. between 1910 and 1935. affirmation of aur sense of being and self-worth. In America. producing relaxation and a state of well-being.

i""-' expression in work.. situation root inlife./ ta be 12 . i sistem. the brain chemicals that function as natural pain-killers. Crown . Self-expression. The chakras: . It is not only receiving touch that is beneficial. I I .intuition..~... arms and hands.. reproductive sistem. Forehead. kidneys """"-""'~~ '". Of ten the interaction between the giver and receiver induces a similar state in both - a state that is very similar to meditation. Heart. physical will .. "~ i """ ~. genitals. . feet. There is also satisfaction in experiencing the results of your massage as you feel muscles relaxing and realize that your concern and your touch can help to stimulate the receiver's own healing process.r. The Chakras .-?~ - ~. has the ability to reduce pain and produces a state of fiind akin to euphoria. selfdevelopment l . ~ " . . There is enjoyment in knowing the body. centre of head. Cranium. Pltuitarycortex . Clear seeing. Survival. . . midthoraCic spine .. Love. . lumbar splne. The gland . Legs. The qualities Brow :.--. and in realizing that you can care for and help another.. . however. Gonads I ~. creativlty Heart . . Oile of these. Transcendance. The part ofthe body . Arms and hands. Root control \ r ~ '-~_./ fr-'.-'. \ .. Centre of gravity. respiratory sistem. vitality... bones and other tissues.. Pelvis. Pineal .1 -y Hara .spiritualwillta be d'.. medulla . ~ . creates trust and openness and can sometimes facilitate the release of blocked emotions as ten se muscles relax. circulatory Thymus . legs . . enkephalin. emotional l' ~/ . . peaceful and mare aware of aur whole body and being. compassion.INTRODUCTION (meaning "morphine within"). Thyrold voice."' . Adrenals sacrum. 1f .. Giving massage is also highly rewarding. clairvoyance "'-. '<il --::" . Touch can make us feel valued. strength. The experience of being nourished and cared for and allowing ourselves to receive healing touch affirms aur self-esteem.--- .J. 'J " Throat . cervical splne . There is pleasure in the physical contact and in feeling the contours and undulations of the body as you begin to develop a sense of the muscles.intellect. higher consciousness. ...' '\ " .cerebral . sexuality. in being alive to its different tensions and energies. blood. belly.

pain. stress aud illness are caused by ki energy stagnating aud "blocking" the meridians. The word literally means finger or thumb pressure. Shiatsu is a form of communication.- ii ---~- INTRODUCTION Balancingthe flow of vital energy Wholeness goes beyond the body. Shiatsu has its origins in Oriental medicine. helping it to rebalance itself. aud in any kind of healing touch technique you are treating more than just the physical body. With practice you can learn to sense the energies of the aura aud chakras with your hands. Although some tsubos aud meridians mar be tender. Its techniques are based on the understanding that the body functions as a whole. UsingShiatsu asa healingtool In this book. This affects the physical body aud can help to relieve pain aud alleviate the causes aud symptoms of illness. alleviate pain aud prevent sickness. although other paris of the hand aud body are also used. Five are situated on the spine aud two in the head. can be applied gently aud slowly. The aura is composed of interpenetrating fields of subtle or vital energy that emanates from the body. which indicates the circling movement of energy in these centres. 13 . aud nerve plexii. or ki. They relate to different paris of the body - to glands. In wholeness is health. which interlace as a network throughout the body. mostly on the skin's surface. fiind aud emotions. By holding aud applying pressure to points. aud the major centres of subtle energy or vitality known as the chakras. you are also affecting a person's "subtle" body aud restoring balance to the flow of energy. linked by vital energy.. on the meridians. we have chosen to teach noi only massage but also Shiatsu to give you a wider range of effective techniques for the relief of everyday health problems. aud is constantly in motion. or meridians. you can stimulate the ki energy. aud also to areas of our psychological aud spiritual development. or tsubos. The word chakra is a Sanskrit word meaning wheel. pressure.. Within the aura aud along the midline of the body are the seven main chakras. in aud around the body. Shiatsu should nOi be painful. organs. In Japan Shiatsu has traditionally been practiced as a simple remedy to promote health. This subtle body includes the energy field or "aura". making the internal organs either deficient in or overloaded by energy. out beyond the periphery of the skin. which flows along channels. so that it always feels comfortable. Discomfort. whose function is to relay vital energy between the physical body aud the subtle body. aud its effectiveness is dependent on a willingness to be open aud receptive to your partner.

.."T" rv Gall bladderfU GV Governing vessel Vo... HP Heart protector P.( TH Tripleheater 1-1. C'T:!f. v"..1'1'1 Ht Heart T"M Lu GB SI LI Liver ':Fi'c Stomach1f Spleen f:.."" C Large intestinesTG BI BI GV BI 5t BI LI BI TH Lu Ki HP Ht Liv 5P LI Lu 1 Ht I ! I i HP Liv 5P l 5t ~. ['" . AII the meridians are mirrored on the other side of the bOdy. SmaltintestinesTMCV Conception vessel..L-- GB BI 5t N. Lungs fi..B. " 14 L .INTRODUCTION Shiatsu Meridians Keyto the meridlans BI Ki Liv St Sp Bladder '6u Kidney 12.

INTRODUCTION Preventing and treating il!health with massage When you already have the gift of health you need to maintain il. in the sense of giving your body what is best for health and balance. In the process you can become overly head-orientated and out of touch with your body. emotional and spiritual. which can help to speed recovery. Use them. however. Massage is a way of getting back in touch with your body and finding trust in what it has to say. This book is abolit how to use touch to help the body's natural healing process when you or your family or friends do succumb to any of the common ailments. It is not abolit miracle cures. When you become mare aware of yourself as a whole being. This is all vital information for self-regulation. Your hands have healing in them. 15 . backaches. such as headaches. said "lose your head and carne to your senses" . As well as learning how to do a whole body massage. In order to be truly healthy you need to stop thinking that ideas and concepts are the only reality and wake up to the information that your whole body can give you. which you can use when an ailment is mare general and affects the whole body . what you are feeling emotionally. As many illnesses result from stress and strain in daily lire. in contrast to states of stress and effort they create the conditions for healing ta take place. exercising daily and breathing mare freely can all be done with a sense of pleasure and rightness rather than as chores or acts of grim will-power. N evertheless. and illness is often a manifestation of the body's attempt to heal itself and to eliminate toxins and clear the system. As Fritz Perls. mental. constipation and cramp. Use the book wisely. accomplishing.it can also be a way of preventing sickness. for they calm and soothe tension and bring balan ce to your being. physical. but abolit giving warmth and support to another by a variety of caring touch techniques. the touch therapies are particularly effective. and what is happening aratind you in the immediate environment. for it is through your body that you receive sensory messages that let you know what you need. Eating a healthy and balanced diet. Both massage~nd Shiatsu work with and for the body's healing energies. In today's "civilized" cultures it is only too easy to get caught up in striving. This also means being out of touch with reality. Don't try to take over a doctor's role . you can start to respond mare to fulfilling your real needs. everyone gets sick from time to time. Touch does not just have to be used as a way of healing and hastening recovery . and conforming to society's mores. the founder of Gestalt therapy.give where you can and seek medical advice where you can't.such as insomnia or fatigue you will also learn strokes and techniques to aid mare specific conditions.

. Just ten minutes of touch given by someone who is realIy present and caring can be far mare beneficial than an hatir of mechanical massage by someone whose mind is absent or distracted. Throughout the treatment you need to remain receptive to what you are feeling with your hands. willing to give some rime and to focus aur attention fulIy on aur partner. When giving either massage or Shiatsu you should wear loose light clothing.--- . Shiatsu is done with the receiver fulIy clothed. Without too much difficulty you can turn a room into a cosy space with everything you need at hand. So it is important to prepare yourself before beginning by centring yourself (see p. as the room wilI be warm and your clothes should alIow freedom of movement. By staying centred you are able to tune in mare fulIy to the areas of your partner's body that need a special touch or movement.19). When you use your ham you use your relationship with the ground to get in touch with your strength. nor just from your shoulders and arms. Re or she needs to keep aware of the giver's touch and of the sensations being experienced. This means being fulIy aware of your own body and its movements and position and letting these movements emanate from your pelvis and ham (see p. any bracelets and rings and your fingernails should be short to avoid scratching and you should wash your hands thoroughly. if you have planned a massage in advance you will be able to set the scene and creare an environment that is as warm and nurturing as possible. The role of the receiver is nor entirely passive. While giving massage and Shiatsu. With a little practice you will become familiar enough with this centred state to be able to let go of your busy fiind and carne into the here and now at short notice. plus watches and jewellery. 16 -~=- - . BEG/NN/NG In order to help another by aur touch we need to be caring. Rowever. Avoid chatting but by alI means communicate when necessary abolit pressure and discomfort. Once your environment is prepared there are a few guidelines for both giver and receiver to remember. and once lying down should relax and yield to gravity. You save yourself from fatigue as strength comes from your whole body and alI your movements are mare gracefulIy controlled and mare effective. When doing massage or Shiatsu to alleviate common ailments you may tind you have to improvise in situations or places that are nor ideal. But even in unconducive environments. healing touch can bring welcome relief.19). "grounding" is also very important. but for massage the receiver should remove whatever clothes are necessary. You need to remove your watch.

..BEGINNING ----- ". " ..."".. v 17 .. .

. Some people like to work to a background of peaceful and unobtrusive music. as 5 resting head and arms on the back. have a large warm towel ready to place gently over your partner's body at the end of massage. Ifyour partner cannot get down on to the floor or up on to a table.on a pad or futon covered with a sheet or towel. so that you can work on neck. so have an extra heater on hand. shoulders. Like this you can treat back. For Shiatsu. the room needs ta be warm. For oiI massage this is especially important. it is worth investing in a massage table. A selection of small towels and pillows is also useful if you need to pad under any area of your partner's body. However. This is fine for massage too. but if you are uncomfortable working on the floor. also have face holes for people whose necks are too stiff to turn easily when Iyingon their fronts. Avoid ordinary beds as they are usually too soft and the wrong height. knees and he or she can sit astride. belly or upper chest. Those with cross-over centrallegs are the most secure. Lighting should be very gentle as aur eyes cannot fully relax in glaring light. you can use an ordinarI chalr. 18 Improvising with a chair \. Your partner can either sit normallv. Some tables.r- BEGINNING Creating the environment When making a conducive environment in which to do either massage or Shiatsu there are several elements to consider. The table should be about the same helght as your palm if held parallel to the floor when your arm is hanging at your side. hands. others prefer quietness. for both massage and Shiatsu. or the knees when face tip. such as the ankles. as we tense up when chilled. use a blanket and allow your partner to relax for several minutes. First. when he or she is face down. Finally. shoulders and neck verI effectively. Portable massage tables Ready-made folding massage tables are useful for those who fInd working on the floor difflcult. many of the strokes and techniques can be given while the receiver sits in a chair. like the one shown here. In any case make stire you won't be disturbed. Shiatsu is always done on the floor .

like the waves an a beach.. .1> . '.~T-::~. which gives you stability. Be aware af faur legs and pelvis as a strang faundatian and let faur back and spine remain straight but nat rigid. The meditation and exercise that follow will help you to centre yourself in your hara.. '~ . and of letting the body move from bere as you work. As yau breathe in. you should use it before any massage. . After a few minutes place faur hands lightlyan faur hips and begin ta ratate faur whale bady slawly fram the pelvis. I Centring andgroundingmeditation o Clasefaur Kneel r sitcomfartably.let the breath sink mare deeply inta faur haraand imagineit as lightar energy tillingfaur belly. .. faur feet and faur buttocks. hence the importance of using this centre for massage. . Become aware of faur legs.."~". . Become aware af faur trunk. lettingga af ani tightness around faur eyes ar in faur jaw. ' " ~". For it is by being wholly in the bere and now that you can be of greatest help to your partner when you attempt to heal or help through touch. ) . Try to reti faur legs and pelvis as a firm base far faur bady. By directing your energy from this area your whole body becomes involved in the movements and you avoid fatigue and work mare effectively. and where they make contact with the surface beneath.". or being focused and aware in the present. The hara (see also p.. .-BEGIN~ Centring and the hara In both massage and Shiatsu centring and grounding. """ . and is the centre of strength and vitality as well as the centre of gravity in the body. are of great importance. eyes and go inside yaurself.rest and apen faur eyes.:-""'f. I l . '. ><. Finally. Then mave slawlyta faur neck and head. Naw let faur attentian turn ta faur breath and watch it coming inand aut. and then reti faur spine rising gently up from it. change and ga the ather way. .. -. arms and hands and relax ani tensians yau might tind. Natice the feeling in faur hands as yau do this. an inch or so below the navei. Then. shoulders..12) is situated in the belly. It links also with your legs and your connection to the ground. as yau exhale. If you have the chance. Havi'1gcircled in ane direction far a while. imaginethe energy travellingdawn faur arms and aut thraugh faur hands. .

Gentle breaks in touch. You should apply oiI only to the area that is to be worked an. the way in which you make and break contact is extremely important.BEGINNING Beginning an oii massag~ You can use a variety of oils for massaging and will need to experiment to find out what suits you best. but be mare generous with are~s such as hairy chests. . Throughout a massage. Don't overdo the amount of oiI. ta bab~ oi]J. such as the head or back. are like spaces of quietness within a passage of music.. safflower or almond oii. the harmony can be broken. before bringing faur hands gently to the body to start the oiling strokes. Then rub faur palms together. however. '" Makingcontact Centre yourself and allow faur hands to float slowly down to a part of faur partner's body. Suitable oils range from vegetable oils. warming and spreading the oii. which spread a thin film of oiI over the skin and also serve to warm and energize il.23). you can add drops of these to a base of vegetable oiI (see p. you can make an initial acquaintance with your partner's body by means of a gentle touch. At the start of a massage. and likewise.which are mineral-based. If you enjoy scents and wish to enhance the effects of your massage with the therapeutic benefits of aromatherapy essences. Applyihg oil~ When yau are ready ta apply the oii (see belaw).~-------- 20 . made with sensitivity. for if you suddenly "dive" on to the body it can be a shock ta the receiver.21). When you feel you have established the initialcontact. or ready-mixed massage oili. Oiling is done with long. hald faur hands well away from faur partner's body to avoid drips and pour a small amount of oii into one palm. lift faur hands veri gently away in order to begin oiling. ifyou leap rapidly away with your hands. t. as shown below. such as sunflower. smooth gliding strokes (see p. It is not necessary to maintain a constant contact during a massage. before applying oils. rather than oiling the whole body at once. and then rest lightly there for a few maments (see above).

flatulence. c:. . headaches. ranging from effects on mood (i. In the book. fw' VY) l' warmingand rq V1 strengthening Helps: muscular pains.." ". . . sare throat. stress. muscular palns CARDAMOM 1\ VI Antiseptic. ~\ ' i ' --:(Q f ~i" .>.' ' \'1 .e. various essences are mentioned and suggested for different ailments. Antidepressant./ '-:~' Aromatherapyessences /'" ---- jJ~" '(0 " 4 ) <. menstrual palns.'f ':"" .. sinus congestlon Helps: headaches. For body parts: 2-3 drops of essence in I eggcupfulof carrier oii...t) "'~"' ~~. antiseptic. sedative refreshing and relaxing - Helps: depression. As theyare very concentrated.'i~./t.. 21 . aromatherapy essences always need to be diluted in a carrier oii before being applied ta the skin. bronchitis MELlSSA Antidepressant upliftlng and refreshlng ROSEMARY Antisepticrefreshing and stimulating cleanng... asthma.. or avocado. mlgralne.-r--:.:J . These essences have many different properties.. Vay 1"" '-vcC<6 r antldepressantrefreshlng Sedative - p. such as sora. " . refreshing and relaxing MARJORAM Sedative. Some aromatherapy essences BERGAMOT Antiseptic. antidepressant) to physical effects. The best carrier oils are those of vegetable origin. laxative. nausea. mlgralne. general debility Helps: coughs. tonic refreshing - '<.. colds. 'J."'. For smalt. painful joints. digestive problems LAVENDER (!'va". localized areas: I drop of essence in one teaspoonful of carrier oii. stlmulating (ofh> y. antiseptic - f. tonic Because there are many aromatherapy essences. Insomnia. indigestion." ) } .. It is best to blend fairly smalt amounts of oi/ and essences as vegetable oii oxidizes and smells somewhat rancid after a whi/e. )" .- "'". . bronchitls. same af which are verI expensive.'~.Of c '" Iv uplifting and " Helps: depresslon.'" FENNEL /)/! l VI.'.. constipation. YfI{ vi "L Diuretic. bronchitis.. digestive problems. menstrual pains... almond. bronchitls.f:.':/.. wejhave selected a basic group that has a wide range af effects. bronchltls.BEGINNING t ~ . . .#' . lowers high blood pressure Helps: headaches. EUCAL PTUS Y Antiseptic - head- Helps: ease wind and dlgestive problems.:j' '! 1'4'"> 'f'" . As yau become mare familiar'with the essences yau can gradually add ta yaur collectian. such as anti-infiammatory and antibacterial. headaches. fiowers and herbs that have different therapeutic effects on the body They also add the dimension of fragrant variety to enhance taur ritassageand make it mare healing and pleasurable.()C'ro. colic. menstrual pains. ( Gilmlng. ... skin problems CAMOMILE t <1Sftr. A teaspoon of wheatgerm oii in a mix acts as an antioxidant. 19 'ifo. palnful jolnts. digestive problems Helps: aching muscles. Inflammations. ?t"~>"'. Useful amounts: For full body: 5 drops of essence in 2 eggcupsful of carrier oi/.. where they are absorbed quite quicklyand enter the bloodstream. . colds.!' " . . achlng muscles Helps: ease wind and dlgestive problems.~ These essences (also known as essential oi/s) are obtained from the distillation of plants.

Try to put your whole body behind your movements.27). try out the basic Shiatsu techniques (see p. developing your own personal style. and spend a few minutes centring yourself before you start (see p.19). also.BASIC STROKES In massage. which provide the essentials you need to learn before using Shiatsu as a healing tool. deep tissue. you caD begin to improvise and use them in a variety of different ways and combinations. . the whole range of different strokes falI into faur main groups: light gliding strokes. Before using the massage strokes on a partner. medium depth strokes. and percussion.~ 22 . Make sure you are warm enough and sitting comfortably. At a different time. and let them carne from your hara and pelvis. not just your hands. Work very slowly at first and keep your awareness both in your hands and in the sensations you are receiving. See. or friction strokes. so that you have game idea of how they feel and what their effects are. Once you have mastered these. practice them on your legs. if you caD develop a rhythmical flow to the strokes as you practice.

With them you make the initialacquaintance witb taur partner's bodj. Then divideyour hands and draw back alongthe sldes of the limb or torso. with this stroke. drawing faur hands toward Iau. Work slowly and rhythmically as you explore the terrain of faur partner's body. You can came back to these strokes at anI time during a massage. one after the other. enfoldingthe arta.ideal for bidding farewell to a part of the body you have Just worked with. Use itto connect a wholearta as you prepareto take leaveof it. Flow back to the originalstarting position and continue the cycle. or to changeto a different stroke. As you caringly spread the oi/. makeslow broad circleswith your hands. but should always be done slowly and with the whole of taur hands fIowlng and moulding over the forms of the bodj. Let the circles flow into each other In gentle spiralling movements. j 2 Circling To spreadoii mort thoroughly or to stroke and soothe a wider arta. which fetis like feathers gently caressing the skin. Gliding strokes The long.BASIC STROKES I Long oilingstrokes Restyour oiled hands on the part of your partner'sbody you are about to work with. The feathering is a long lighttrusting stroke that can cannect a whole area . With your hands side by side and flngers together. 3 Feathering Relax your hands and begin the lightest of brushing strokes with your flngertips.you warm and energize an area of the body prior to working mare deeply into it. The glidingstrokes vary from light to ftrm. using them simultaneously or alternately. glide smoothly away from yourself. reachlngas far as you can go. \3) 23 . lightglidingand feathering strokes are used both at the beginningand at the end of a massage.

pu/lingor wringing. Ilke kneading dough. while the heel of faur other hand comes down on the near side. wringlng either up or down the limb. 24 ( G) . Keeping faur hands clase together. I Kneading Use the whole of faur hand to grasp and lift a bunch of flesh or muscle In a circular squeezing motion. start pulling a Iittle further on wlth faur other hand. Work faur hands alternately with a rocklng rhythmical movement. which assistsin clearingwaste products mare quickly from the muscles. overlapping as they travel along. . Continue in a steady back-and-forth movement. as shown right./f you let the movements came from your pe/vis rather than shoulders and arms lt willbe less tiringfor you and mare effective for your partner. repeat In the opposite direction. sometlmes back and forth. as shown left. (1) 3 Wringing Kneeling beslde faur partner. Your hands can maintain a constant contact wlth the skin while dolng this stroke. they help to stimulare the circulation. wlth faur hands cupped over a limb. slowly puII upward. a//owingyourbody to rock gent/y behind the kneading. slide the fingers of one hand right over to the far side. Use a fair/ybo/d and generous approach.BASIC STROKES Medium depth strokes These moderately deep strokes work mare directly with the muscle masses. Before the contact IS broken. They are also relaxing. Let faur hands puii in a flowing movement. lifting the muscle firmly as faur hand follows the curve of the part and gently breaks contact. Sometimes circular. ( 2 Pulling Wlth one hand over the far side of the torso or of a limb. veri much .

. they actualii push in and direct pressure to the deeper levels below. . " "~"" . . ... . .11'. push slowly and flrmly away from Iau.~ ". . ' . .i$ . Thumbs and fingers are most commonly used for the friction strokes... Create a deep rhythmical movement in which you alternately push away. "'~~--J{'- . ' ' ""'"-"'o .. .. " ~ . Though appearing to circ!eor slide on the skin surface. ' . lift off and come down again with the heel of one hand behind that of the hand in front.- ~1'\. then move faur thumbs a little and repeat."1~ \ ~'rI r" '~""..) .:_.--- 3 Deep pressure with heel of hand With the heels of faur hands pressing into the flesh. ~. into the connections of tendons and Itgaments to bones and around joints.try to focus faur movement at a deeper level below the surface. . slowly lean forward from faur hips so that faur body weight builds up a gradual pressure on faur thumbso Hold.. . ". release..01.. one hand behind the other. . as shown right. I \ L I I t . " .. as shown left. I . . '" _ "k . " . Continue to press aii around the joint.. . . " j' <\ ' '" ." ~" . \"." ".. ~ "~. ~"""""'. Deep tissue or friction strokes The aim of these strokes is to penetrare into the deeper layersof musc!es. ' ".. . '. " .. always staying veri present Never continue beyond the pain threshold. .-.. Move aii around the joint in this way.~ BASICSTROKj \ I I Thumb pressing Placefaur thumbs on the sort tissue next to the bone at the edge of a joint. t ..'".. ./}' .. The heel-of-thehands stroke is a broader deeptissue movement with quite a lot of power behind it Go steadily and slowly.~ J " ~~ 2 Finger friction With faur flngers in the sort tlssue between the bones of a joint. " ~ (.~ ... "". 7" #' r . Circling on the skin rather than sliding over It.. and rotate faur flngertips as you do sa. . 'frJ 1""" \' ~ ' /' t. apply fairly deep pressure to penetrate to the deeper structures within. . Keeping faur arms straight.

The blows themselves are Ilght and I Hacking With the first three fingers of each hand together and faur little ones slightlyapart to act as shock absorbers. But because of the vigorous and noisy nature of these movements they are of ten mare appropriate if you want faur massage to be stimulating rather than relaxing. shake faur hands up and down for a few moments to relax faur wnsts. as shown above.The posltion of the hand creates a slight vacuum with each blow. 3 Plucking Gently pluck small portions of flesh between thumbs and fingers. 26 ------ -. 2 Cupping With faur fingers fairly straight.as if you are striklng a rubber baii. start a rapid up-anddown movement. keeping faur wrists relaxed. Practice in the air. You will need to experiment and decide this for yourself Before beginning. closing the sides with faur thumbs. Don 't use percussion strokes on the spine or any other protruding bony area. as shown below. bouncy . and begin to do the same brisk and rhythmically alternating sequence of strokes descnbed In Step 1.BASIC STROKES Percussion strokes This group of pounding or drumming strokes stimulates the skin and circulation and can relax tlght muscles.~~ . which results Ina rather laud clapping noise on the skin. travelling up and down along muscled areas. then let faur hands come down in a series of light quick blows. liftingand letting them slip from between faur fingers in quick succession. cup faur hands.

Yau shauld apply pressure as yau bath exhale. keeping faur arms straight and fingers and shoulders relaxed. Holding this shape place both hands over one of faur partner's arms or legs. and apply pressure as in Step 1. " r J J I Shiatsu "Dragon's mouth" technique Extend faur thumbs and forefingers to stretch the connecting skin. faur fingers spread and resting there lightlyta balance yau and ta reassure faur partner. the "mather hand".8iiiiiiiii - -1 BASICSTROKE: Basic techniques: Shiatsu t '1'" II ~~. 1. Keep faur shaulders relaxed. hold then release. Slowly lean faur body weight aver faur thumbs ta increase the pressure. Far mare precision af pressure. 27 . but net rigid. letting mavements come from faur hara. Keep faur arms straight. as shawn abave. and faur knees apart far stability. rest an the bady. You can also use this technique on the back of the neck (see Step 3. Facus an using faur bady weight in a controlled yet relaxed way. Lean into faur hands to increase the pressure. . Far clarity we have shawn the receiver naked. pA8). but Shlatsu IS narmally dane clathed. "- . -. 2 Shiatsu palm and heel-of-hand pressure Rest the palms of faur hands on faur partner's body. We shaw three commanly used methads. while still keeping the rest af faur hands in saft contact with yaur partner's bady. Yau crea te variety by using different parts af faur bady.if ane hand is active." I l' I . . Build up pressure gradually. 3 Shiatsu thumb pressure Placethe pads of faur thumbs on faur partner's bady.. focus faur body weight thraugh the heels af faur hands. and apply pressure down through this part of faur hands. Keep bath hands in contact with faur partner . let the ather. as shown below." I The applicatian af pressure and stretching backed up by suppart farms the basis far mast af the techniques used in Shiatsu.

and a caring touch gives both encouragement and reassurance. If any aches and pains are severe or persist in spite of the massage. strains and times when you should not massage. When working on the floor and moving aratind your partner stay aware of your own posture and be careful not to jolt him or her. Encourage your partner to tell you what feels parti cularly helpful and to let you know immediately if anything you do feels too tender. unless you are doing Shiatsu or clothed massage. BUl you should always let pain be a guideline and never exceed your partner's pain threshold. we have also included some Shiatsu techniques.32-43) as this will familiarize you with the basic strokes and accustom you to using your own body correctly. The body chart on pages 30 and 31 will help you to locate specific problems and lead you to the respective treatment. where you can try the strokes suggested. In Shiatsu you can begin by briefly making contact to allow the body to open to your touch before beginning the technique. but where we feel that they are especially effective.COMMON AILMENTS This section consists of a series of strokes and techniques that can help bring comfort and healing to a variety of common ailments.18). on arthritis. This book is not intended to help you to diagnose ailments or offer instant "cures". Always begin by centring and then making a gentle contact with your partner's body (see pp. If you can bear these simple points in fiind. Be stire to work in positions that are comfortable to you. as this makes it easier to move freely aratind your partner. encourage your partner to consult a doctor. 28 ~ . When you move on to strokes and techniques for ailments in specific parts of the body you should always begin with the basic oiling stroke for that part of the body. You should only treat ailments that are not serious or those that have already been professionally diagnosed. It is a good idea to start by practicing the whole body massage (see pp. It may be worth investing in a table (see p. Pleasure is conducive to healing. when of course you won't be using oiI. as any discomfort in your own body will be transmitted to your partner. Most of the techniques shown are massage strokes.19-20). especially when treating stiff or tense muscles. and before beginning any of the following treatments you should read the advice on pages 90 to 93. sprains. before starting to work slowly and sensitively with the strokes. caring touch can provide many physical and psychological benefits and help to mobilize your partner's own healing energies toward a quicker recovery. A certain degree of pain can feel welcome during a massage.

84-9) Spralns and stralns Arthntls Cramp Tired feet 30 ~ j ".Where does it hurt? I 1. allments are grouped under the part of the body chiefly affected.64-7) Arm ache Strains and sprains Arthntls T ennis elbow Cramp r Hip joints (see pp.~ . Arms (see pp.S2-9) Shoulder stiffness Arthntls Strainsand sprains Chest (see pp.68-73) Indlgestlon Nausea Constlpatlon Flatulence Menstrual paln ~. 60-3) Coughs.74-83) Arthntls Aches and pains ~ ill III Feet (see pp.44-S/) Headache Sinuscongestlon Colds 1 Shoulders (see pp. bronchitls Asthma 1 1 r~ I Stomach/belly (see pp. I TO make it easier for you to find the relevant strokes and technlques. The parts of the body run in a sequence starting at the head and working down the body to the legs and feet.. Head (see pp.

84-9) Legache Cramp Kneeache Sprainsand strains Arthntls y~ . l t ~ ~ ~ .64-7) Writer's cramp Stralns and sprains Arthritls Legs(see pp. bronchial complalnts Upper backache Midand lower back (see pp.74-83) Mid backache Lower backache Sciatica 1- ~ ~ ..' 31 . colds. '~ J \. !~ ~ f.52-9) Coughs. ~.COMMON AILMENTS Whole body (see pp.1 11 t -' I Hands (see pp.52-9) Neck stiffness Arthritls Stralns and spralns I i' r 1. f \ J lI Upper back (see pp.32-43) Anxiety Depresslon Stress Fatigue Insomnia Neck (see pp.

such as improved circulation. flow from Oile part of the body to another and develop your own natural rhythm. As you go. 32 .WHOLE BODY A whole body massage can be a wonderfully nourishing and relaxing experience. then often a massage can help to restore the harmony that we have lost. soothed nerves and relaxed muscles. and the general sense of well-being that results. takes you step by step through the whole body. Stay aware with your hands. good for body and SOliI. Il is just Oilepossible way of doing a massage. As you become mare familiar with the strokes and with giving massage you will develop your own sequences and discover many other techniques. and use them to "listen" to your partner's body.19) and pelvis. giving us a mare complete body image and making us feel mare whole. Massaging the entire body also enhances body awareness. and let them carne from your ham (see p'. Try. which should take abolit Oilehour. make it agreat way to maintain good health. The following sequence. See ifyou can put your whole body behind your movements. When we do succumb to the stresses and strains of life. also.The overall benefits of massage. to regard the massage as a kind of dance or a piece of music.

. Repeat several times..p'" 1 ta the . Ga farward fram faur hips. anxietyand depression Mental and physical over-activity can lead to any or aii of these complaints. . faur fingers resting an her back.~I "-'.. caring massage..-/ ~"'~ . and aut taward the shaulder jaint. nat just faur shaulders. ' ". tiV A/ .' ' ~'" \(" "" .shoulder appasite l'/r'/ -. / / A- -\ I ' ~J. Before starting the massage. as shawn right. For insomnia you can use camomile essence (see p. and glide ane hand slawly acrass her upper back.".- ./ 2 Sliding up curve of Chaase the shaulder way in which faur partner is facing. Glide dawn alangside her spine with faur fingers tagether and hands relaxed.< ~I . Let faur ather hand follaw behind.'.21).. r '' . can supply the relaXflJg space that is needed. then alang the curve af shaulder and neck up ta the base af her skull and aff at the hairline. I Spreading oii on back With faur partner Iying an her front. I it(.- :1 &' " . At the end af faur reach divide faur hands and glide back up her sides. 3 Working shoulder in strips Place faur thumbs an the side af faur partner's neck. Help faur partner ta turn her head and repeat from Step 2 an the ather side.. ~'=. kneel at her head. read the section on contraindications (see p. . '~' II J ..WHOLE BODY Insomnia. fatigue. A combined with essential olls. 93). in the channel between bane and muscle. \ . Naw glide faur thumbs alang the shaulder.\ \ . aii faur hands and let them rest an the centre af her upper back. They are aur body's Hwarning signals H. 33 .. but each time wark a little hlgher..." *.-. Caution: If you have deep depression or anxiety you should consult taur doctor.. for fatigue use bergamot and for anxiety and mild depression use lavender."f. ! "') \ . alternating faur hands in a continuai rhythmic mavement. cavering the shaulder tap in strips.'" / \ /' ) ' "". Repeat.- ('/ j "..".""""". "' \ . as shawn left.

With both hands. 5 Circlinglower back Stillfacing up toward faur partner's head. begin to knead the muscles with flrm generous squeezing and lifting strokes.r COMMON AILMENTS 4 Oiling buttocks Sit at one of faur partner's sldes facing up toward her head. Let faur hands move slowly. Continue kneading right up the side of the body to the shoulder and back down again. . 6 Kneading buttocks and sides Turn to face across faur partner's side and reach over to the opposite buttock. 34 ---1. Repeat thls stroke several tlmes. Repeat on the other side. OI faur hands and let them carne to rest on the sacrum (base of spine). Apply mare pressure as you puii in toward the centre of her back and down toward the buttocks. " . Allow both to overlap. begin to make counterclockwise circles with faur right hand around the lower back while faur left hand makes clockwise circles. Now glide up the centre of the lower back and circle faur hands out and down to the sides of the body. draw back across the hips and circle around the buttocks and back to the sacrum.

A void golng too clase to the genltals. with both hands enfolding her leg. Check with faur partner for pressure and make sure you "drain" both back and sides of the thigh thoroughly. 9 Wringing down back of leg Move around to kneel beside faur partner's thigh and rest both faur hands at the tor of the thigh. 8 "Draining" back of leg With both hands cupped. Then glidlng slowly up the leg to the tor of her thigh. start an alternating stroke that pushes slowly up the back of the whole leg from ankle to thigh. stretching the tissue in between them. Let each of faur hands simultaneously touch the work surface on either side of the leg before wringing across again. Keep aii faur flngers in contact with the sides of the leg.24). J " . Then. dlvide faur hands. Move down the leg to the ankle.~ Caution: Avoid using ani of the leg strokes on varicose veins (see p. Repeat. 35 . and let faur hands glide upward In a series of rhythmical strokes. one branching out around the hip joint and the other down the inside of the thigh.WHOLE BODY 7 Oiling backs of legs Sitor kneelat one of faur partner's feet and rest faur oiled hands at the back of her ankle and lower calf.93). draw right down to the foot across the sale and off at the toes. Then wring faur hands slowly and fîrmly back and forth in opposite directions (see p.

" """.r~<t .x . as shown above. .~' .~ ~. .' \ g . 10 ".1 f .. start to work with slow sensitive strokes on either side of the ankle. " ~U~ 'l """"""-.u::.&>.. "'.."' . lift the lower leg with the other hand to a vertical position. pushing into the sort tissue between the bones with small stroking and circling movements. and let your thumbs rest on the sale. I I Loosening ankle joint Using both your fingers and thumbs. '\. and travel right around the joint in this way. ." !~ l ( '-'F"" .""". Using your thumbs.~~ 12Thumbingsale ~-) .:. Stay focused. u. exploring every hilland hollow as you go.COMMON AILMENTS 10 Lifting lower leg Sit or kneel facing sideways on to your partner's leg and. Claspboth handsaround the foot.. Repeat from Step 7 on ~ "'\ the other leg.".'. push and slowly circle aIIthe way along the sale from the heel to the toes... ' -4' ./' l ..' '" t ~" ' '::::iK . as shown below. 36 . 'i1."".~ ~.' " 'ti " . with one hand Just above the back of her knee. ..!'.i. --_. /" . ) ..

Turn your partner's head and work the sequence on the other side. . Avold the throat. . Let your free hand rest on the upper chest. drawing your hand slowly right up the back of the neck to the base of her skull. Turn her head to rest on one of your cupped hands. . and then on to the chest. . . then. . with a tlrm slow pressure push in with the flats of your flngers along the curve of shoulder and neck. .then rotate your hand 50 that your flngers point down toward the centre of your partner's chest again. as shown left. flngers toward the centre. her cheek upward and her chin toward her collar bone. and slide your whole hand down. heel of the hand facing out toward the shoulder. Let your flngers slide along the rim of bone until anii the tips are In contact. Draw slowly out toward the shoulder joint and curve your hand around It ./ 37 . and kneel at her head. as shown nght.WHOLE BODY 13 Neck and shoulder cyele Ask your partner to turn over. . into the "V" shape made where the collar bone joins the long neck muscle.. Then repeat the whole cycle several times. . .

. ~(" . l A !. Now with faur hands supporting the sides of the head. 15 Massaging cheeks ./if'f'.. .. " . i .." k.. Then spend some time squeezing and massaging the ears." "".. ~~ Now gently grasp the ears between fingers and thumbs and stretch them slightly outward and downward."':'. Repeat this stroke several times. /' \. - . 38 ..p~ . ~ } With the heels of both faur hands resting on the cheeks clase to and on either side of the nose. ' . as shown right.. as shown Iert.~ ~ " ~". exploring aII the little crannies and crevices. slowly draw faur thumbs away from the centre.. ~. slide faur hands slowly out across the sides of the face until you reach the ears. to the hairline. ~. tracing the whole length of the rim of the bone to the ears. " " .~.COMMON AILMENTS i / t4 Strokingforehead Sit at faur partner's head and rest faur thumbs on the centre of her forehead. ' I'~ .. " "'-< ': . -"" .~:.0.N j' I "".~~: t'. \~I 1 17Clearingalongjaw bone Gently squeeze the tip of the chin with faur thumbs and fingers and then slowly draw them out along the jaw bone ina longfirm stroke.~i . \'" 16 Stretching and squeezing ears I .l .'".t(~ .<f1 "" \ \ t-". and faur fingers pointing down toward the ears.. as shown right.. ~ .. ' . as shown Iert. . ""'> "~ .c" " ii:. and off.'. I ' ~' ..

~ " squeeze her arm between faur thumb and flngers aii the way along from the wrist as far as you can reach.faur thumbs together in the centre.. c~ faur outer hand around the joint and faur inner hand down towarj the armpit.. . .>\ ~ -"""'. Break contact at the tor and ).. >'. ('00. Here.:. Squeezingwith faur whole hand. "'-li.:'. draw faur thumbs outward to spread the flesh.. hold one of faur partner's wrists..) "'"~ .. -. across the hand and off. Then enfold the arm ~ both hands and draw right backta the wrist. " . 7 .. Oii faur hand! and..~"'~... Repeat a few times.-'"".. ~ : ~ } ":'~'~""~ 19 "Draining" arm With her palm facing upward. ~~ ~~'. '~ .r // squeeze out once mare..\ " 18 Oiling arm with glidingstrokj Sit or kneel by faur partner's har facing up her arm. -. Now slide a littleway down and bring faur thumbs together again to " "'"" "'- \..~ " "-- ~ ' ".'\ with faur free hand \ begin to " ~. Try to cover strip eachtime. --:IL. " 20 Spreading thumbs down arm Claspfaur partner's upper arm with both hands. .. and ::1 . .. keeping faur flngers togethe on the centre of her arm.. .~ .t.... start a different '\ at the wrist again. glide I upward to her shoulder... Continue like this aIIthe way down the arm to the wrist.WHOLE BO( ~" "'.4' 39 .

stretching lt as yau ga. Let the pressure ease aff as yau reach the tip and slide aff. Repeat from Step I8 an the ather slde. slide slawly dawn the flnger. as shawn left. then gently apen aut the hand. lift her hand and wark an it with faur thumbs. making slaw c!reles and squeezing and presslng inta the whole af the palm area.III COMMON AILMENTS 21 Thumbing an palm With faur partner's palm facing upward. 23 Stretching fingers Hold faur partner's hand palm dawnward in ane hand. spreading and stretching bath the palm and flngers. 40 " # . 22 Spreading palmsandfingers Interlack faur flngers between faur partner's. Ask faur partner ta let yau knaw when the stretch feels enaugh. squeezing the sides flrmly. Repeat an each flnger and alsa the thumb. Naw take hald af ane af her flngers at the paint where it jains an ta her hand and. as shawn right.

Gltde up the side of the ribs. each tlme starting higher up. Let both your hands follow each other in thls flowing stroke. let both hands come to rest verI gently on the abdomen and pause there for a moment or two. (When working on the front of the torso. and on up the front of the chest. using both your hands. One of your hands remains constantly on the body while the other gently breaks contact once in each cycle. work around the breasts. ~ ' 26 Circling around belly Moving to your partner's slde. Final!y. broad circling movements in a clockwise direction. Then. 41 . not directiI on them. With your hands together glide slowly down the centre of the body. . then glide back up the sides and back to where you started. Repeat.) $ 25 Pulling up side of ribs Start with one hand on the base of one side of your partner's ribcage. Repeat on the other side. start to make slow. puii up the side of the torso beneath the breast to the armpit.WHOLE BODY 24 Oiling torso with gliding strokes Sit or kneel at your partner's head and let your oiled hands float gently down to rest on her upper chest. divide your hands.

and along the sides and front of the thigh nght to the tap of the leg. glide up the leg to the tap of the thigh and divide faur hands outward. Repeat a few times and then move to the other leg and repeat the whole sequence from Step 27.COMMON AILMENTS 27 Oilinglegswithgliding strokes Kneel at faur partner's feet and place faur oiled hands on the front of her leg at the ankle. around d the knee joint. With faur fingers together in the centre. 28 "Draining"leg With faur fingersand thumbs curved over the leg in a "V"shape. push upward with alternating strokes. letting one go around the hip joint and the other curve down the inside of the thigh. foot 29 Enfolding Place one of faur hands on faur partner's sale and the other on the tap of her foot. Now slide faur hands in a warm enfolding stroke slowly along tap and bottom until faur fingertips slide off the tlpS of her toes. Repeat. pressing the muscles on either SI e of the shin bone. 42 . Then enfold her leg and draw right down to the foot and off at the toes.

WHOLE BODY Connecting At the end of a massage it always feels good to the receiver to have some long fIowing strokes that link together aiithe parts of the body and give a sense of wholeness. Another way of connecting ISto link up ani two parts of the body faur hands feel drawn ta. dividing at the belly and travelling down the legs to the tips of the toes and off. down the arms to the fingertlps and off.but don 't skip littlebits as this willdetract from the sense of completeness. 2 Connecting strokes Using middle and ring fingers of each hand. make sure that you travel to the veri ends of the extremities of faur partner's body. along the shoulders. Finally. let one of faur hands carne to rest lightly on the belly and the other an the forehead. Then glide over the tap of her head. gently cover faur partner with a large warm towel. veri slowly take faur hands away. rest them on faur partner's forehead. lowly break s contact. but from the back of her neck come around to the front of the upper chest and then glide down. With faur eyes closed Just stai quietly in contact as you link body and head. Return to the forehead and repeat. Also. down the back of her neck. Keep faur touch light. After a time. Focus on faur hands and the rhythm of faur partner's breath. 43 -~~~~u - . I Connecting two parts Sitting or kneeling at faur partner's side. and leave her to rest and enjoy the feeling of relaxation for a while.

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