India's Five Year Plans
Ever since India got its independence, we are working our economy as per the Five Year Plans. This system of framing Five Year Plans was a good arrangement devised, by which the growth in different spheres could be suggested monitored while functioning and changed if the necessity arose. These mega plans have served us as building blocks of our national economy. A brief overview of these plans would give us a fairly clear picture of our developmental programmes. These plans would also highlight for us the targets set through these fifty years of India¶s independence. The First Five Year Plan came into existence for the years 1951 ± 1956. This had a public sector outlay of Rs. 2356 crore ± while the actual expenditure was only Rs. 1960 crores. The Private Sector investment was 1800 crores. The chief features of this plan was the spread of community development projects and an effort to raise the living standards of the people. The Second Five Year Plan was to cover the period from 1956 ± 1961. this plan had its set objective in industrialization ± the building up of rural India and the enhancing of employment opportunities. Now, in this Plan, the Public Sector outlay was Rs. 4800 crores, and the actual expenditure was only Rs. 4672 crores. The Private Sector investment was Rs. 3110 crores. It was in this period that the National income rose by 19.5 per cent. The Third Five Year Plan covered the period from 1961 ± 1966. This Plan targeted an increase in the national income by about 5% per annum. Besides this, self sufficiency in food and the development of sectors like steel, fuel, machinery and power had become the prime objectives. The public sector outlay was Rs. 7500 croes and expenditures was Rs. 8577 crores. Private sector investment was now Rs. 4190 crores. This plan failed owing to price rise of about 20 per cent, Chinese aggression, Indo ± Pak conflict and to cap it all a poor monsoon. All these factors contributed to failure of this plan. The year 1964 ± ¶65, was declared as a period of µPlan Holiday¶. The Forth Five Year Plan was then made to cover the period of 1969 ± 74. This Plan had two main objectives. It had ensured that growth would be followed with stability and self reliance. At this time still another target to be followed was the attainment of social justice and upliftment of the weaker sections of the society. In this plan, the Public Sector outlay was Rs. 15902 crores, and that of the Private Sector was Rs. 8980 crores. It seems that, the target levels were always now being set too high and so, here again the target growth of 5.7% was never achieved. The Fifth Five Year Plan dates from 1974 ± 79. This plan once agains aimed to remove poverty and achieving self reliance. This plan started a minimum need programme with measures for checking inflation. This time the outlay for the public sector was Rs. 3030 crores and the private sector outlay was Rs. 2704 crores. This plan was terminated in the fourth year only i.e. 1978 only. The national income increased at 5.2 per cent. The Sixth Five Year Plan covered the period from 1980 ± 85. This Plan had several objectives like growth rate of the economy, reduction in poverty and unemployment, improvement in the general quality of life. An eye was also to be kept on the growth of
population and improvement was to be made in the ecological and environmental assets of the nation. Provising the Public Sector outlay was made Rs. 97500 crores that for and the private sector was Rs. 75710 crores. In the process of this plan period, the national income grew at 5.4 per cent per annum. The Seventh Plan period covered the years 1985 ± ¶90. This also targeted growth in the production of food grains, the increase of opportunities of employment and the raising of productivity in all sectors of economy. Now the public sector outlay was Rs. 180,00 crores. In this period many targets were even exceeded. The annual growth rate of GDP was 5.8 per cent as against the plan target of 5 per cent. The production of food grains increased however, public sector savings fell short of the target. The gap between income and expenditure of the Government increased. The Eight Five Year Plan was from the year 1992 ± ¶97. This was delayed by two years. This plan had also set for itself several objectives, like the generation of employment, control of population growth, spread of elementary education and the growth of economy, in order to enable the Indian economy to compete with major free markets of the world. The Ninth Five Year Plan was to cover the year from 1997 to 2002 and has an outlay of Rs. 8,80,000 crores. This plan was rather ambitious. With an overview of the Indian Five Year Plan we can say that they have undoubtedly been tools in the boosting and the shaping of our economy. We have been able to meet many of the objectives laid down by the plans. These plans have succeeded in building the industrial and economic infrastructure of the country. The growth of the Private Sector can also be attributed to these plans. These plans have helped us in building ourselves, but, they are not without their limitations and bottlenecks. The major setbacks are redtapism, bureaucratic delays, unstable Governments, misallocation of resources to non priority areas. With these on going hazards, our economy faces a slowdown and thus, the growth rate is now less than 5%. The core sectors are being ignored by planners in the interest of their short term gains. While making such plans we must remember to project a well balanced plan so that development of infrastructure and improvement of standard of living of the messes go hand in hand. So, in brief, we can say that such plans form a very good and efficient system but such planning should be balanced and must be worked in a systematic way. Goals must be set for all sections of our society and we must ensure that the implementation of these set goals are followed to the last word and it must be seen that the goals must see that all sections of the society grow along simultaneously. However, down the line, there has been something wrong, somewhere and that is why as we see the economic scenario in India there is a considerable gaping gap between the haves and the Have Nots. This in itself indicates that there has been something intrinsically wrong in our economic policies which have made the rich become richer and the poor become poorer. This not the purpose of any develop in economy. The year¶s financial programming must see that the benefits accrue to the poorest of the poor. We have had slogans of Garibi Hatao but, in practice they were just eye catching slogans, not apparently meant to be
followed by successive Governments of the last fifty decades. If this slogan had been earnestly worked upon, be sure we would not find this poverty in India, and India trailing behind in the list of third world powers.
Corruption in India
The last two decades of the existence of independence, India has seen a steep upward trend in the graph of existing corruption. The media, the public, the variety of forums for discussions and debates for the higher intellingensia are all neck deep buried in highlighting the rampant corruption in every sphere. In this debate the rural folk are also not far behind. These days they are also very well aware of the malpractices in the highest of levels of all places. So much so that now, the average Indian has reached the highest level of disgust and disappointment at the way things are moving in this country. Let us first of all understand what is meant by corruption and corrupt practices. In brief, anything that is below all standard norms of morality in a country, is called or defined as corruption and corrupt practices. These norms are a fixed standard in any given society, and when these are broken we say that, a society is getting corrupted. This corruption as we see it today is not a development that has come overnight, it has been a continuous process for the last several decades and, to ± day it has seeped into the very blood stream of the system. What we have to study next is, why and how this monster of corruption has taken such a firm hold on India so much so that, the country of the legendary Harischandra, the honest has reached the position of one of the top ten or so of corrupt countries of the world. This is no mean achievement, and has taken a few decades to fructify. It is not that, corruption did not exist earlier, it is not that to ± day there are no honest people, then why do we all yes, I say all feel that, corruption is rampant everywhere and all the time. This is because of the simple reason that this malady has spread through the entire length and breadth of our social fabric and gone down to the deepest levels. How has this come to be? Would be quite a pertinent question. The corrupt practices have now become our lifestyle to such an extent that, we do not seem to feel that there is anything wrong in what all we are doing., and that things should not be as they are. We, on the contrary are inclined to justify all wrong saying that, without doing wrong we cannot exist or be functional. When we start thinking that corruption is a must, then I feel that the situation has reached a point of no correction. This present apathy shows how far the degradation of our values have reached, and how low the system has dipped. When we start justifying all the wrongs we do, it is the beginning of the end., as, we are not only doing wrong, we are at the same time thinking that it is correct, then where can the scope be for correction? It would be rather interesting to note and specify as to how this process of continuous degeneration started, for it is the root that grows into a magnum tree. It is thus of great value to know who put the seed that grew into this poisonous tree. In this connection, it is understand that, this degeneration started from the top echelons of society, and then percolated downwards, without a hurdle.
the father of the nation. this layer at the top has been the politician who rules the country. Now. us the people. the Congress presents such a dismal picture of honesty loyalty and service. the scenario at the very top. Now. what can be the implications of a foreigner as the head of the state seem to be lost to this Congress which worked to oust the foreigners ± what a degradation of values. and above all. and the same Congress that fought against foreign rule and ousted the foreigners is now all set to install a foreigner as the head of Independent India. Today the sets of politicians of all political parties are just money spinning actors just working to establish estates for their seven generations. all the new political parties are following the path tread by the elder brother. Congress has failed to produce a single leader. This level being the highest level of our society is seen to have become most corrupt in the last two decades and the public is very well aware of the multi-scam decades of the eighties and nineties. They are all bound to follow the footsteps of this erstwhile conglomerate of greedy money spinning politicians. Perhapse the breed of such politicians and other men have stopped taking birth. All this is the ugliest face of the corruption in India.Who is at the top or the apex of our society? It is the set of people who have all the power that is invested in them by. the eerstwhile Indian National Congress and many other parties without a single leader of stature. What does this show that. our self respect and love for our motherland is lost somewhere in the last fifty years. From the senior bureaucrat the virus of corruption has slowly and steadily seemed down to
. from this topmost layer. that loyally fought for the freedom of the country. the Congress. Now. where is the discipline to follow the clarion call of Mahatma Gandhi? All it seems to have been lost. Mahatma Gandhi? It appears that India has stopped producing men and women of such integrity. and to say that the seeds of India¶s corruption were sown by this class of our society. What has all this come to. Where is that erstwhile political party. corruption has percolated to all levels and in all spheres of activities. no ideals and no ideologies. that we ourselves invite a foreigner to rule us? I dareasay we have become so immune to all finer feelings that we do not mind doing anything as long as we meet our ends. it is for the goodwill of this top layer of society to give the country¶s society the trend it deems fit. and in turn the bureaucrat has enjoyed the protection of the politician. When the oldest political party. which has been at the helm of affairs of the country and today they have brought us t this point of no return as far as corruption is concerned. Have we Indians lost all self respect. no ethics. what can be said or expected from the other much younger political parties. can hardly allow for any space for any honesty to persist in any other layer of society. Jawaharlal Nehru. in all his nefarious activities. and all this sure enough because it suits the politician. in the span of more than century. The politician has encouraged the bureaucrat to be corrupt. the Indian National Congress. Today. The vision of a great India in the yes of the freedom fighters has been lost somewhere in our move in the last fifty years. So. Where are politicians like Pt. Today we are standing at the threshold of a new millennium with. All our ethics. Sardar Patel. leave alone a leader of the stature of Sardar Patel and the like. resulting in a mushroom growth of political parties all of the set pattern with no goals.
the lowest levels of functionaries. and that also at a fast speed. so. This is the main reason why there is never any breakthrough in any scam. What is the use of just a show of dealings against corruption. This has become a totally corrupt and incorrigible institution. and above all. India is reaping what it has sown. at present. The scams which have come to light in last one decade have amounted to multi ± crores. replaced or cut. With this slow and steady and continuous spread of the fangs of corruption. must be dealt with an iron hand. we will soon find it impossible to come out of the labarynth knit around us by our own men ± yes our own men
The Indian Economy Today
. Our experience shows that. the Indian public an not be very easily fooled. How does this happen? This is very obvious for all those who have to be at the clearing end are bought. as we have seen umpteen times. except pray to God that. what can be expected in a country when its protectors themselves become criminals. big or small. it is a wonder if there could be any light at the end of the tunnel. all those. So. there is a lot of hullabulloo for some time. there is no place or activity which is bereft of the fruits of corruption. When the senior can not be punished how can there be any cleaning at the bottom. no damage can ever come to the so called high ups. must start cleaning from the top echelons of society. The tentacles of corruption can be dealt with only with an iron hand. Irrespective of the status of the wrong doer everyone. It appears thus that for the time being at least. high or low. and it all dies down with the passage of time and the corruption continues unabated. the irony of our system is such that no one can be touched. and now corruption is like a drug. All these cases are just a farce into which now. At present there is no remedy for this tragic situation we are in. and the seed of corruption has grown up into a full size magnum tree which perhapse cannot be changed. If this situation remains any longer. HE gives unto us a dictator who is capable enough to deal with this ogre of corruption with a strong hand or else it appears that we are doomed to drown in the deepest depths of corruption and that. It would not even be fair to punish the lower rungs of the ladder when the higher rungs continue to bask in the sunshine of their riches. The Indian society in all its entirety is corrupt to the core. it is so shocking that no politician has yet been punished for siphoning off so much of wealth of a poor country. today the situation is such that. while in reality all cases are just quietly shelved banking on the fact that. as soon as a big name is involved in any corruption case. without which the addict finds it difficult to survive. they are being dealt with but. yes all those who matter are involved in corruption. and the lower formations need not be touched ± so we remain where we were at the beginning of any case. the situation is of ³who will bell the cat?´ Everyone knows who the corrupt are but. However. public memory is very short. Only God can do some magic. corruption has become our way of life and to uproot it is a Herculean task. this does not happen. Now. the high ups cannot be touched. we have to bear with it. The way in which these cases are being dealt with clearly indicate that no one will be hurt as. In this situation it will be a wonder if anything tangible can really be achieved for.
and not a crisis created overnight. we may recover from these painful shocks. and it is this that gives India a slight breather. It would be rather relevant at this juncture to add that. and they are. even with all this disappointment all around. However. During the first quarter of the year 1998 ± ¶99 industrial production has grown by 5. is the pent up results of decades of mismanagement of finances. yashwant Sinha. f) Simplified Tax rules. Besides all this.4% compared to 3.The horizon of Indian Economy is presently very bleak and dark. This is just a part of the tax reform package offered for our presently ailing economy. and so has it been for the last fifty years. g) Privatisation of Insurance.1% during April ± June 1998. With all this in the world. Indian economy would surely revive soon. d) Spending on the infrastructure. in order to salvage the economy out of its present unstable condition. recession in all commercial and industrial playgrounds. political upheavals are a common feature and the decline in exports in terms of important commodities is prevalent on a world wide scale. b) The FDIs to be doubled. it cannot be expected to find India escape unscathed or unblemished. recession on the home front. c) An intervention of the Foreign Exchange Markets. In this disappointing scenario. A few of the salient highlights of this package are as follows :a) The Kar Vivad Samadhan Scheme which is likely to fetch Rs. seems to be very optimistic and believes that. and reforms are to be initiated in the Insurance Sector. the Government has planned to give a major thrust to the Private Sector Projects. the only redeeming feature seems to be the economic scenario on the International horizon. All these plans of revitalizing the Indian Economy would come to nought if the Government
. industrial production has slackened. Mr. The factors are many.7% of 1997 ± ¶98. All these factors have together led to the complete sluggish growth of the Indian Economy. Mr. 30. Corporate receipts have also risen by 120%. Tax and Company Laws are also in grave need for major reforms. The slow and sluggish Indian Economy can be attributed to a number of factors that have prevailed in India ever since we got our independence. the present financial position of India. A few facts and figures would now help us comprehend the real scenario. and above all these the political instability.000 Crores. Yashwant Sinha has presented a very compact reform package. Direct tax collections have grown at 41. The fate of Indian economy is largely dependent on the trends of the world economy and it is this world economy that is now in the clutches of the worst ever crisis. The Stock Markets are crashing. Foreign Investment norms are also to be set up. Together with all these there has to be a marked increase in the inflow of investments. The Agricultural production has been rather good. which is also fraught with recession. the Finance Minister 1998 ± ¶99. e) Clearing of fast track Projects. The finance sector has also to be restructured.
those countries who have accepted the Non ± Proliferation Treaty. the big powers continue to delve in their nuclear projects and the same five powers continue to ask the other nations to stop it all forthwith. On the face of it. its position and growth will be much better than most of the other economic players of the world. These nations advocate capping of all the non nuclear nations to prevent them from developing their know how and capability. how can non-proliferation ever become a yardstick or a norm? if the non ± nuclear countries are to accept capping their nuclear projects. If non-proliferation is to be the norm then why is the united States promoting proliferation of British nuclear missiles? Today if the agreement between United States and Russia was to be implemented a number of weapons with most of the powers will be found to be many times more than what they were when the NPT was signed. The recovery cannot be predicted but. the majority of the nations of the world have had no say in evolving nuclear norms since this technology was almost unknown to them. It is true that Indian Economy is going through a turbulent time. In the comity of nations if some nations continue to keep their weapon laboratories and do not allow any inspection of the same. big or small should be allowed to grow into nuclear powers. On the other hand. the five major nuclear powers do not commit themselves to the ultimate goal of a world that will be free of nuclear weapons. and that. economic observers feel that. nuclear weapons contribute defence of the last resort. and also continue to go ahead with their researches in the subject. all the nuclear powers should also be brought under international scrutiny. believe in the norm of nuclear proliferation. Even to-day. the interest of the world has been generated in Indian economic growth. India¶s view is absolutely logical and in all fairness but. however.at the centre remains unstable or gets changed. Is this how the world is expected to observe the non-proliferation norms? It is this discrimination among powers of the world which India has been strongly opposed to. It is against all norms of natural justice that. If nuclear Non ± Proliferation is the international norm. have accepted the right of a few powers to have and develop their nuclear weapons. India however feels that elimination of nuclear armaments is a global problem and not just a regional problem.
What is Nuclear Non ± Proliferation?
What is really meant by Nuclear Non ± Proliferation? In simple explanation. either all powers big and small destroy all their nuclear weapons and simultaneously also stop all work on it. India¶s view is quite in line with laws of natural justice for India says that. all powers. it is a happy trend to see that the Government is working hard towards the cherished goal of an economically strong and healthy India. These double standards in the nuclear race cannot hold for long to any sense of common and natural justice. the Indian Economy would surely be retrieved. In reality. the nations that have the view that. India has been producing plutonium from the mid sixties which
. it is these powers who have conveniently exempted themselves from all inspections and they allow all technology transfer among themselves. At this juncture since global economy is facing a decline. or. the brother the United States of America has been urging India to sign the Nuclear Non ± Proliferation Treaty ± (NPT).
On the other hand. apart from Pakistan it has to take serious note of the highly developed nuclear arsenal of China. Friday. India is trying to maintain a good foreign policy. Lessons to be learnt from nuclear energy are of vital importance for developing self reliance.means that.. India can not be expected to dismantle its nuclear capability that has been built up in the span of the last forty years. the Gulf War.e. Sweden Spain etc. India has been having access to weapons material for quite a long time. secondly an agreement on µnon ± use¶ of nuclear weapons. for instance Israel has a nuclear arsenal. Japan and South Korea can develop nuclear weapons if they so desire. In such a situation. India is growing on all fronts whether it is social or economic angle. Canada. 2008
Importance Of English Language In India
India is a vast country with different languages in different parts of the country. India on the contrary must maintain and also develop its nuclear capability and nurture high technologies. India. the Comprehensive and universal test ban. However. For all this. However though our ultimate target has to be total elimination of all nuclear weapons we have to prepare a long term plan in the time table. in these circumstances we expect other nuclear weapons States and nuclear weapon capable states also to retain their weapons. there are more nuclear powers in the Asia ± Pacific region. India and Pakistan should hold bi-lateral talks on the nuclear problem and find a solution. Thus in order to make such a Conference a reality a large number of countries would have to be included. These regional languages differ from each other so much that it is not possible to communicate with people of other regions without a common language. If India is not willing to sign the NPT. India is on the road to become a strong and prosperous nation in the world. the United States wants it to be so. and that also at the behest of the big brother. some nuclear states. In general the list of such countries would include Germany. and thirdly transfer of nuclear technology should be subject to peaceful use provision. that cannot be overlooked in the hope of much talked of globalization. the United States does not foresee elimination of all nuclear weapons in the near future so. besides India and Pakistan. Seeing the Yugoslav situation. and also some states that have signed the NPT. the United States suggests that. there are certain elements which may be agreed upon by most countries. the response of China was that. and a lot of other turmoil all over the world the talk of µone world¶ appears to be quite a misnomer. Italy. In reality. Russia and China. Further. but can develop nuclear weapons fairly well. some nuclear capable states which not have signed the NPT. North Korea has plutonium production reactor. August 8. Pakistan. Though the non ± proliferation seems to be a distant dream. In this process the initiative was taken by Rajiv Gandhi who foresaw a time bound elimination of all nuclear weapons. United States. it would be willing to participate in the said Conference only if its own arsenal would not be a topic of discussion. To this suggestion. India feels that.
. Firstly. The United States has also suggested a Conference of five nations i.
Under such circumstances. Without knowledge of this language. In all international seminars or summits. USA and other countries have made tremendous progress in the field of science and technology. we have to study all these subjects in detail. we must learn and teach English from the beginning itself. If India is to utilize these opportunities. To increase and encourage more research work in Science and Technology. And for this the importance of English cannot be denied. There is an urgent need of such a common language which can be understood by youth all over India and the language in which all data and information is available. The world is making progress in these fields at a terrific speed. all speeches or course material is in English. English knowledge is as essential as water. The other countries also take interest to understand and know this policy of India. we are no match to them. Without learning and communicating in this language. India is a peace-loving country and wants to spread the same message to all countries of the world. As such. All leaders cannot understand more than ten to fifteen languages of various regions. till such time one language is developed. all schools and colleges teach English and mostly have it as a medium of instruction In today¶s world. English is such a language having an international status and can provide the best medium to interact with outside world. All this is possible only through a common medium of exchange of ideas and views. study of English language is of great importance for a developing country like India. they can easily understand the common language English. Further. Today. However. Some subject like Science. English. mechanics and engineers cannot progress. we will perish one day. Most of the best books on all such subjects are available in English language only. otherwise we will be left far behind. however. therefore. Hence. a nation can remain intact only when its leaders can understand the people living in different regions and can communicate with them in effective and cordial manner. knowledge of English can only prove to be a blessing. We cannot translate it all in our own regional languages. It is English only which can be rightly selected as the language to be studied by all of us from the very primary level. and expand its universal view point. Our own regional languages do not have the depth and capacity to understand and co ± relate all these technological developments and as such. we cannot wait for long. To curb the separatist tendencies of our varied communities.there is need of a common language i. In space technology. then English is the only language which should be learnt by all of us. This language is a store house of social and political knowledge. we must continue to teach English. cannot served the purpose to keep pace with the fast growing world outside. Mathematics and
. We have to explain and convince friendly nations our point of view. This language is important to inspire unity not only at the national level but at the international level.e. Every nation must develop and encourage its own language. To survive in modern society. It is this language which is understood almost all over the region in addition to national language of Hindi. our technicians. in India we have diversity in languages and it is not possible for many years ahead to have a common language like Hindi.. we have to get knowledge of advanced technologies and lal kinds of branches of Science.
Social mixing of boys and girls was not allowed. Co ± education provides economical and advanced education to girl students. In such an atmosphere. This is because same amount of money is invested to upgrade or provide better equipments and
. likes and dislikes. Boys do not come for the teachers in the class. This system was not popular in ancient schools and colleges. The boy and girl educated together make the best match due to their broad attitude towards life and closer understanding of each other¶s habits and manners of living. In this way. one cannot expect a good quality character.
Posted by Ashok at 11:06 PM 0 comments Labels: Educational Essays
Co ± Education
Co ± education is the recent system of education where girls sit and study along with boys in same classes and in a common college. The boys try all sorts of motions.technology books must be taught in English only. All sorts of unsocial and undesireable habits are developed and students forget to listen to their elders or teachers. it was not considered appropriate to allow boys and girls study together in same institutions. The children become indisciplined and the whole atmosphere of the schools and colleges gets polluted. boys and girls were sent to separate schools and colleges. A healthy spirit of working and competing is created by co ± education. gestures and songs to attract the attention of the girls. We will be no less than anybody in the world with knowledge of English. can co-operate better in achievement of respective goals. Actually the elders of each family consider many disadvantages in co ± education and that¶s why they are against sending their children or grand ± children to such schools and colleges. During their long period of education. Rather. The educational institutions start presenting a look of fashion parades. The boys try to keep a polite and gentle character so as to give a good impression to their girls class ± fellows. This was considered essential to maintain the purity of character in them. therefore. They think that co ± education makes their children absent ± minded. Even the girls tempt the boys for all sorts of indiscipline. It is this language which can uplift us not only within our own country but throughout the world. Co ± education is considered better from social point of view in spite of its various defects as explained above. They keep combing their hair off and on and waster their time. This fact is being realized now by those who had opposed teaching in English few years ago. At that time. The boys and girls all try to show themselves as heroes and heroines respectively and are mostly running to cinemas to see latest movies. Such a system of education gives an opportunity to understand each other¶s problems and. They now know that we have not been able to prosper like other countries of the world due to keeping ourselves away from English. problem of parents to select a suitable match for their children is also solved. they can better understand each other¶s psychology and even can choose their life partners from among their class ± fellows.
we cannot deny education to girls along with boys. the girls must also be equally educated.
. Further. good and bad. He has reached the moon. Knowledge and intelligence can tame and control wild animals and overpower wealthy persons. Nothing remains unknown to him. a nobel artist. the animal kingdom and the kingdom of the human mind. Man is the weakest of all animals so far as physical strength is concerned. a mighty creator of things and a noble path-finder of life. With its attainment he became civilized. however a thinking animal. boys and girls get matured to understand good or bad of each other.infrastructure in schools and colleges. special separate institutions can be established to impart education of each level and in various professions. A man who is physically strong commands power over others. funds would get diverted for constructing separate schools and colleges for girls. It gives him mental. Co ± education seems to be good at primary level and higher level in colleges. Now knowledge has made him a rules over nature. nobody can hope to possess power. makes mistakes and fails. As such. in a free democratic country like India. where girls students take interest in greater numbers towards studies. Otherwise. moral and spiritual advancement. It helps him to overcome his weaknesses and faults and face dangers and difficulties with courage and confidence. A man who does not know this. power and position in life. at high school level. However. We can¶t succeed in doing anything unless we know how it is done. He lived in caves and dens. There was a day when man was in a savage stage. Without knowledge. He is. Gradually civilization dawned on human society and man acquired knowledge. Knowledge directs his actions and enables him to discriminate between right and wrong. there. Separation between girls and boys can be made taking them into confidence and making them understand any implications. Knowledge and human power are synonymous. But the power of knowledge is greater. co ± education can be imparted with able guidance and care. But due care must be taken at high school and inter-classes where lot of physical and mental changes take place naturally in children. it is through knowledge that man has gained mastery over nature. There is no doubt that physical strength and money are instruments of power. he has harnessed the forces of nature to this needs. He has obtained mastery over wild beasts. He has become a great scientist.
Posted by Ashok at 10:11 PM 0 comments Labels: Educational Essays
POWER OF KNOWLEDGE
Knowledge plays a vital role in all spheres of human life and activity. It is a powerful factor which helps man to attain success. So co ± education can be very useful from social and economic point of view if given under proper care and guidance. Besides this. He was afraid of wild animals. Students must be guided properly to avoid their going astray. It is truly said that brain is superior to brawn. At university level.
become the lighthouses that guide the wandering ships to their right
. We must understand the significance of power of knowledge and inspire ourselves to acquire that knowledge which would enable us to find the real truth of life. Mysteries of nature have also been yielded to this power of knowledge. Thus discipline. Mighty minds with the power of knowledge can sway the minds of millions.
Posted by Ashok at 10:09 PM 0 comments Labels: Educational Essays
An Ideal Teacher
An ideal teacher is a true builder of the nation. on which modern life is based. greater as is the power of knowledge. There is no trait more constant in the nature of human beings than his habit of pursuing a knowledge beyond his province. In fact. Knowledge may take away the blessings if one starts feeling more and more proud with strength of knowledge only. Knowledge should not become a tool of pride but it must be like human wisdom. the mental power came to be recognized as of the most superior order. With the growth of civilisation and the development of human mind. There comes utter ruin of the society when teachers grow weak or corrupt. Great ideals make greatmen.Advancement of civilization and culture would be impossible without knowledge which plays an important role in the progress of art. students do not like to study from harsh and unsympathetic teachers. However. The victory on the forces of nature. all the great discoveries and inventions. like water and electricity and the harnessing of these great forces for man¶s use have been made possible only through the knowledge of physics. An ideal teacher is considered as an object of admiration and devotion for the students. sincere and earnest in the discharge of his duties towards the students and the nation as a whole. are the result of power of knowledge. Knowledge has not only given man a mental strength but has taught him how to utilize his physical strength in a better. culture and civilization all depends upon the power of knowledge. It is found that these days many teachers always try to find fault with work or deeds of their students instead of looking and changing their own attitudes. These days. There is need to translate the power of knowledge into wisdom. teachers must play the role of lamps that shatter darkness. order and economy form the basis of power of knowledge bestowed upon us all. God has endowed human beings with an intelligent mind and this mind with power of knowledge has achieved for him wonders of the world. Physical power is definitely of the lower order as compared to the power of the mind. literature. An ideal teacher creates such a confidence in his students that they are always ready to sacrifice for the cause of their teacher. Even development of advanced science. more can be the tendency of human mind to misuse it. So knowledge is power. As such. philosophy and religion. art. more disciplined and effective way and get the best output. He is fearless. Knowledge also has prevented unnecessary wastage of physical energy and brought an order and economy to its use.
with age. Time is money for an ideal teacher who thinks that loss of a second means loss of hundreds of minutes to the nation. He treats the library of his school or college as a temple of knowledge. He never allows his students to be idle or indisciplined. The students think that whatever position they have been able to attain is all due to the able guidance or hard work of their teacher. People have enjoyed and learnt a lot while traveling on their educational tours. Students eagerly look forward for such kind of opportunities when they are taken out of the four walls of class rooms to distant places. Traveling is considered as the most delightful experience in the life of students. Ideal teachers are honoured not only at the state level but at the national level. An ideal teacher is busy with his books and quest for some knowledge even after he gets retired.destinations and prevent any accidents. He always remains simple in his habits. Every year. In fact. Englishmen consider their schooling complete only after a tour of the continent. The vastness of his knowledge deeply impresses every student but an ideal teacher is never proud of it. An ideal teacher builds an everlasting impression on the minds of his students. The Great Ganga may be thought of a snake
. He treats each student equally. They always remain a source of knowledge and guidance. He always tries to be regular and punctual to set an example before his students. He has the art to understand the difficulties of students and would come down to their level with compassion and sympathy. He always tries to make the most difficult subject intelligible to his pupils. For an ideal teacher. He goes through the journals and magazines to keep himself well-informed and to give up-t-date knowledge to his students. He is mostly after the latest information and researches on various subjects. Geography is considered a very dull and uninspiring subject if it is read sitting in class rooms and just going through various books. He dedicates his whole life to the cause of education. An ideal teacher displays extreme simplicity inspite of his extra ordinary academic attainments. An ideal teacher tries to spend most of his time in the pursuit of studies. An ideal teacher does not favour any student on grounds of his social status. all students are alike. Such students then always remember ideal teachers and get them enshrined in their hearts. The hardworking and hard task masters are always remembered and loved by the students later. ideal teachers never get retired since.
Posted by Ashok at 10:08 PM 0 comments Labels: Educational Essays
THE ADVANTAGES OF TOURISM IN EDUCATION
Tourism is an important and most powerful tool to promote national integration and bring people from different parts of the country or sub ± continents close together. their depth of information and knowledge goes on increasing. Advantages of tourism are remarkable if it is accompanied with education. He is never partial to any student and is always fair. teachers are selected for due recognition for their contribution to the cause of society by providing best education and guiding the students to build a better nation.
Only good and proper attitudes must be adopted from others. firmness and lively conversation are some of the products of traveling across length and breadth of country and the world. International understanding is possible for students of our country through taking tourism packages all over the world. They come down to reality from the realm of dreams and imagination. tourism gives far more valuable lessons to students than the lessons of text books. Any student will fail to understand the effect of environment on the life of human beings. In day-to-day life. Sitting at home only will make our outlook a narrow one. Traveling takes students to the sphere of practical knowledge. Students will not only become more educated about their country¶s all walks of life and culture but
. As such. Different and varied difficulties encountered during traveling make the students readily adjustable.line running along the map. cultures and way of living of people in other places. Traveling must be made a part of the education system at each level of studies. There was a time when crossing the seas to acquire higher education was considered highly sacrilegious. Really we can learn a lot more things when we actually come in contact or see such things or sites associated with such happenings. The Taj Mahal may be taken as a monument just like many others without actually visiting it. students learn to adjust to the changed conditions of living and foot-habits and the environment also. manners or fashions of other people whom he visits. They must know the habits. architectural master ± pieces constructed during periods of these great dead monarchs. However. The learning of Chinese language and culture is best possible by living for a short duration in China than going through longer courses in institutions in our country only. manners. The dull subject of Geography will definitely become interesting and absorbing once these places of interest are visited by the students. The students may make a decision to serve the poor and innocent folks in villages after completing their studies. reading and getting lonely theoretical knowledge cannot make any student successful. Tourism provides an experience of the world and calls into action and practical use of various qualities of mind and intellect developed by education. It was this kind of ostrich mentality which brought about the worst type of intellectual stagnation and caused an ignominous fall in the country. people are surviving. if students are taken frequently to the sites of glories and defeats. While traveling. The student must understand the economic problems faced by rural people when he goes to the villages and see how without proper schools and hospitals. The learning of a foreign language is the first step towards understanding of a nation. A student has to keep his eyes and mind open while on educational tours. History is very boring for students because they think of it as a story of dead kings and their period of kingdom and which is not going to pay student of today anything. Foreign travel was not encouraged. Tact. However now in free India students have become alive to the need of learning more languages and acquire higher education in latest technologies. engaging personality. A student need not initiate the habits. The latest method to learn a new language and understand the different culture is to live and more among the people whom we want to know. the subject of History becomes more interesting and exciting than any other subject.
removal of any type of social barriers and follow the message of small family norms. well ± planned and greater vocational education programmes as per new policy on spread of education. For all round development of the society. The National system of Education envisages a common educational structure. At all stages and levels of education. Lots of measures are required to be taken to bring the scheduled tribes at par with other general fellows. to eradicate illiteracy in the age group above 30. They will have maturity of judgement and clear in their understanding of people and their minds. The status of women needs to be changed with basic tool of educating the masses. The top-most priority may be the increase in literacy level of women in our country. protection and preservation of our environment. The common core of national curricular framework has to include contents related to national integrity and identity including our freedom struggle years and constitutional obligations. urgent steps will be taken to protect the system from
. For school drop-outs. Tourism is the quickest and the best if not the cheapest method of learning new things. in the second phase. a massive educational programme on non-formal education is required to be launched all over the country. An important place has been given to Adule Education. it is essential to take effective measures in the direction of the implementation of our new education policy and also common school education system as recommended long back. the scheduled castes are to be given equal status as per our new policy. later on. The new education policy attempts to promote integration of the physically and mentally handicapped with the general community as equal partners.
Posted by Ashok at 10:07 PM 0 comments Labels: Educational Essays
New Education Policy
New policy on Education as approved by the Government stresses that a human being is an asset and a precious resource for the whole nation which needs to be cherished.will be liberal in outlook. Under new policy on education. It is observed that many minority groups are educationally deprived and remain backward in the race of society. there needs to be introduced a systematic. Universal enrolment and universal retention of children upto 14 years of age is to be emphasized under new education policy. However. democracy and secularism. access to secondary education can be widened to areas unserved. proper child development is possible only through Integrated Child Development Services programme on high priority. The youth requires to be motivated towards peaceful co-existence and international co-operation and make them understand education as a unique investment for present and future. it should be taken as a duty by each literate person towards the nation. It requires to be developed with dynamism and removal of disparities in a phased manner. Further. Through various programmes of adult education. The new policy envisages promotion of values such as India¶s common cultural heritage.
High priority would be to introduce discipline in the implementation of the new education system. India¶s ancient knowledge will be developed so as to relate it to contemporary reality. Steps will be taken to promote efficiency and effectiveness at all levels of technical and management education. Professional education should encourage a minimum orientation in computers and a training in their use. The adult education programmes have been energized through establishment of National Literacy Mission Authority. vocational courses are being offered at secondary level and have got good response from thousand of students from all walks of life. Steps would be taken to ensure that most of the vocational students get self-employed or get employment soon after completing their studies. hundreds of Navodaya Vidalayas have been started all over the country to implement provisions of policy in a phased manner. Mahatma Gandhi¶s revolutionary ideas on education must be developed and revised pattern of rural university should be consolidated. The National Education Policy was announced by the Government on May 7. Under the new education policy. It has also been proposed under new policy that 25 percent of higher secondary students should have vocational courses. The setting up of educational tribunals has been proposed so that grievances at both state and national level can be redressed faster and to satisfaction. There is a need to start more open university system. there are plans to redraft the adult literacy programme and setting up of an autonomous commission for Sanskrit and other classical languages. To eliminate the element of chance and subjectivity in our examination system.
Posted by Ashok at 10:05 PM 0 comments Labels: Educational Essays
Students and Sports
.degradation. 1992 under which it is proposed to universalize the elementary education through a national mission by the year 2000. The jobs and degrees are to be delinked only in services where the basic qualification need not be a university degree. Before the year 2000 A. in the light of success so for in spread of adult education. Research in the universities and various colleges will be enhanced through more support and more steps to ensure its higher quality. And more interestingly. the evaluation system. as well as mode of conducting examinations need to undergo a lot of structural changes in new education policy. The new policy on education aims to make the system of imparting knowledge a more forceful tool for cultivation of moral. social and ethical values.D. The Board of Secondary Education will be reorganized and vested with improvement in ratio of teachers to students so that students get better and more attention and guidance and become good citizens of the country. Further an efficient management is the high need to entail the functioning of an All India Education Service. compulsory education to all children upto 14 years of age is to be achieved through a national mission.
Though a well balanced diet can provide all the nourishing constituents in right proportions to body of students. It is sports only which are an outlet of surplus energy. In this way. A combination of sports and studies for students will. co ± operative and having high team ± spirits in all spheres of life. Sports loosen the limbs and relax the entire body system of students so that they are again well ± prepared to study with more concentration and dedication. the sports help to maintain the physique. The participation in sports will make our future citizens disciplined. At the same time. Sports make him lead a corporate
. Their lungs breathe fresh air which make the students more active and healthy. In fact. he has to play not for his own good but for the good and success of whole team. And it is truly said ³All work and no play makes Jack a dully boy´. They run and jump a lot which improve their digestive system. There is no dearth of talent in students. All this is helpful from the point of view of health of students. It is a matter to bring it out by providing the required incentives. table ± tennis and billiards also require player¶s full attention and concentration accompanied by specific skills and techniques. but sports are essential to develop a well balanced personality. Not only outdoor games like chess. It does not provide a good and scientific education. The students enjoy their leisure time more while playing sports. The Governments must ensure sufficient funds to institutions for establishing necessary infrastructure in their schools and colleges for sports.Sports is an indispensable part of education system all over the world at each level of studies. sports are also important means of entertainment after long hours of studies and a source of renewed energy. Sports provide food for mind in the same way as learning provides knowledge. The present system of education and examinations has turned the students into mere bookworms. obedient. Rather special schools should be started in each city where students can start their careers as sportsman along with studies to achieve minimum qualification. all of which cannot be spent in studies only. However. Whereas education kindles the light of knowledge in the mind. moral and physical development. and teachers both should encourage students to take keen interest in sports and should not insist on their being lost in their books. therefore. sports lend a rhythm to life of students and provides the best co ± curricular activity for them. Otherwise the extra energy can lead students to do wrong or unwanted activities which are harmful not only for the health but studies of students as well. result in their intellectual. It is always true that a healthy mind can only be the best in education. Students are always full of energy. The students do not get time to pay any attention towards their physique. it is found that present system of education is confined to the four walls of class rooms of our schools and colleges. The school and college authorities should also provide the basic facilities to students for developing their interest in various games. Parents. Sports are essential to develop a healthy and constructive attitude towards life. sport persons of international level can definitely be developed and groomed in our country. A student learns that while playing. Eventually he is to keep in mind the success of his school or college or university along with laurels to his state or country.
joys and laughter all are the inevitable accomplishments of life and should be taken in the stride in right earnest. theses centres have started converting into hot beds of political intrigues. A student with good sportsmanship can be right person to lead the nation. Thus only a good sportsman can be the ideal citizen of the country. Students also get lot other advantages if they love to play sports with dedication. at no expenses to their account. Sports is another name of honesty. We can be proud to be a part of our great country but the world has shrunk today to a common platform on the basis of higher education and learning. sobs and sniffles. They get admission in professional institutions for higher studies and are also preferred by many big industries for jobs. massive infrastructure of buildings has come ± up which is supposed to be the centre of higher learning. indiscipline. it is necessary that youth of our country get higher education. More and more avenues of higher education are provided to them at affordable prices and in all locations so that all round development in personality of the complete society takes place. In different big cities and towns. Students learn to do no hanky panky. universities have increased manifold to impart higher education through various colleges all over the country.
Posted by Ashok at 12:32 PM 1 comments Labels: Educational Essays
Higher Education in India ± Its drawbacks and suggestionsfor reform
Today the world is of science. discipline. They are respected everywhere. They were expected to radiate learning.
. thoughts and systems. new inventions and competitions to excel over the other. no underhand dealings and not shufflings. Sports teach them that it is courage and fortitude to face the trials. They develop a sense of national and international integrity and unity. Everybody has to be ready to receive and contribute towards new ideas. They get more opportunities to travel not only within their own country but abroad also and above all. political groupism and even vandalism. A student with good sportsman can be the ideal citizen of the country. but they seem to be breathing violence. To gain the benefits of modern society and compete with the outside world. The country would get free from the maladies of corruption. hardships and various rigours of daily life. Rather now it is the duty of each individual to ask for higher studies and be broadminded. integrity and loyality for students. Liberal grants have been sanctioned by University Grants Commission. hatred and greed if our politicians are able to possess even a fraction f virtues of a good sportsman. strikes. However. Many colleges have emerged in the private sector also to provide higher education. The very breath of sportsmanship is fairplay. Sports teach our students that tears and smiles. sense of responsibility towards the nation. During the last few years. Sports are best for students as long as kept away from any type of politics and misuse. They happen to meet hundreds of new people and see other cultures.life.
Going to colleges seems to be a place of enjoyment in paradise for the students. Students should be encouraged to make free use of them under the able guidance of teachers free of cost. they would be able to decide the career which they wish or are interested in pursuing. the due importance should be given to intelligence tests. Just after their schooling. their rosy dreams are shattered when they come out of colleges and enter the actual life. They have to return disappointed when they search for a service from door to door. No real or practical knowledge is gained by the students. To test the learning of books. The system of imparting higher education should be such that after completing education in college. Now ±a-days. it is required that instead of lengthy examinations at a stretch. The development of clean character towards prosperity of nation is another important aim of higher education. The ratio of teachers as compared to pupils is very low and the teachers don¶t have any personal feelings with the students. confidence and a sense of duty with planned career. More and more technical and vocational institutions need to be started where training modules in practical aspects of career must be compulsory. the youth should not be dependent solely on service. And thus higher education is examination ridden. It should be compulsory for students to appear in psychological tests.The House of worship and learning has turned into the House of Satan. However. It is due to purely technical education given to them. There is a big gap between the practical life and education in colleges.
Posted by Ashok at 12:30 PM 2 comments
. Easy and shortcut methods are being adopted to achieve success. In this way. personal interview and class room works at regular intervals. The students take admission in these universities for the sake of just qualification instead of developing self-reliance. but must be able to start some independent small scale industry or business on his own. students need to have good laboratories. we find that there is over-crowding in the classes of higher education also. Every effort should be made to inspire the students with noble and innovative ideas. More discussions and arguments on varied topics can impart more knowledge and information than more lecturing and completing the course. The dependence on the Examinations only is the main cause of deterioration in our education system. The aspects of these higher studies must develop lessons of national integration as well as international integration and unity more effectively. A great stress needs to be given for establishing good libraries in our colleges and universities. This will enable the students to choose subjects and careers of their own choice. the students can plan their careers from the very beginning. For more success in higher education. The institutions providing higher education should be made temples of the modern age. Equally important are the laboratories with latest equipments and items. An experiment is an unending quest of learning and knowledge on a permanent basis. The students are getting fascinated to all things except books. Vocationalisation of education is the need of the hour. The youth is turning unpatriotic.
This significant aspect of personality is automatically developed in the present system of examination. Science or Civics. A student having more knowledge and understanding of the subject may not be able to express himself fully due to his slow writing. As such. Sometimes. And secondly. ideas and wisdom in the form of written answers. He would never be on the top list of scholars. Language and expression play the most vital role in any type of examination. the complete understanding and knowledge of that subject is not tested through the present mode of examination. Whether it is the paper of History. However. it seems that examinations cannot measure the claim of success in education system. Further.Labels: Educational Essays
Examinations are a source of inspiration. Such students do not have any liking for learning and they are not interested in gaining and enhancing their knowledge. However. The importance of examinations is undoubtedly unchallenged. All people take pains and make efforts to send their children to best schools and colleges so that. therefore. Many students think that they have to pass the examination just to get promoted to the higher class. an assessment on the capability and progress of children is seen by the parents in particular and the society in general. They feel that it encourages students to do copying and all types of cheating to score the best or in some cases the minimum required pass marks. some parents want these examinations to be abolished. The questions are selected at random. Gainers or toppers are those who are able to express themselves correctly in a powerful expression. the children get best education. available in the market. So it can be the matter
. In the examinations. there is need to examine the two aspects of teaching and mode of examination. There are two types of functions which the examination serve. It is the time for demonstration of abilities of students as well as the teachers. a goal is fixed up for which students and teachers put in all their efforts to achieve. a student can get more marks than the other who happens to learn only those few topics while preparing for the examinations. lengthy answers are required to explain the required things against specific questions. the question papers do not cover the complete course. Then it is expected from students also that they study hard and show good results. As such. As such. examinations are necessary at periodic intervals so as to take corrective actions for any failures. The teachers also try to do justice to the cause of parents and teach the students throughout the year. at times students try to cram up the lengthy answers without really understanding the basics and then do mistakes in writing or recollecting the answers. They try to follow cheap notes or ³Guess tests´ etc. Firstly. So it is possible through examinations only to judge where our children have reached in the education system. students show their feelings. they take it as a responsibility not only towards the parents but to the society. Students always try to gain power of expression through continuous practice and writing. But there are more parents who feel it as an essential part of an education system. This does not increase the intelligent understanding of the subject matter.
with set norms of discipline of the game. A scientific shape is required to be given to the system of examination.
Posted by Ashok at 12:29 PM 3 comments Labels: Educational Essays
Value of Sports
Sports are a great asset for us all. it is the students who have to give due thought and use their own intelligence while preparing for. They have to keep in mind that during limited period of papers in examinations only selected material can be tested by the examiners. These include a number of outdoor games and indoor games. The material is to be arranged in a systematic manner. Mainly outdoor games. Sports provide a systematic and regular exercise in a pleasing way and provide enjoyment together with sufficient physical strain. or play in the open field. even forced to play games. as well as appearing in the examinations. All children for example with delicate and fragile body frames should be encouraged. beautiful and healthy. Children with poor state of health must participate in sports as this will ensure good health and an improvement in the building of the body. Thus the students learn to know the importance of advance planning and avoid irrelevant topics which are not necessary for success in their life.of luck or chance than ability to succeed with higher marks in an examination. In this way. Thus examinations help the students to develop the power of analyzing. most of the course material is covered and tested. which helps in maintaining a good physique and good health. The objective type of test papers being introduced in some of the examinations are the right steps in this direction. In spite of various demerits of the system of examinations. In view of above all. This inculcates in the individual a sense of working in accordance to rules and
. Such sports build up the muscles of the child and he develops a healthy and an attractive body. the power of thinking. It tests the basic understanding of the students about a specific subject and real progress of students is judged and measured. headaches. and fevers remain at a distance from sportsmen. The students have to point of view of subject matter and those particular questions. The students have to search the material in various books. This applies to all of us. Minor ailments like cough. The relevant and irrelevant part of the material can be separated out by them. Knowledge gained by cramming and tested by theoretical examinations is unsound and superficial. and if necessary. football and cricket etc. The basic utility of games is undoubtedly helping us to maintain our body. A sportsman while at the field has always to act according to the rules of the game. They have to do all the preparations in advance. it is felt that examinations need reforms from the certain evils connected with present system. are an interesting form of exercise. reasoning and to make the right and correct decisions based on their judgements. This will help them at least breathe in fresh air if they are encouraged to have exercise. Sports also play a vital role in infusing discipline in players. like hockey.
credit and appreciation. This understanding of the spirit of the game makes a sportsman a little different from all others. as he would understand and justify his own mistakes. so the group must be kept in good humour. He learns by being a sportsman that.regulations always. Victory if achieved is a credit to be shared by all the players equally. This makes a sportsman very accommodating and considerate. with ease and convenience. He has learnt the great art of working together in harmony with others who may as individuals even be very repulsive to him. He never becomes proud after a victory nor does he ever feel disappointed after a loss in a game. the art of sharing even name and fame. So he is always prepared to face the hardships of losing a game. there is 50% chance of winning and of course 50% of losing too. but. this is all together different in a sportsman. Another great quality that sportsman imbibe is his acceptance with a smile the mistakes and drawbacks of other players of his team. because. He learns to work as per schedule complete command of whatever job he takes in hand. at the games field or at his office. sportsman a is bound to be on the list of successful adults. this working as per rules gets translated into all spheres of life of the sportsman. He learns how to win with grace. no player is big or small. Instead of fighting or abusing a co-player for a mistake he might have made. he cannot afford a show of temper to any member of his team because he very well knows the fact that success is never a single person¶s achievement. This teaches each individual on the field. he often has to sacrifice for his fellow players. and also to lose with cheer. it has to be so with the help and co-operation of all the players. as he learns the rules of the game that there is no reason to be proud or
. No matter how great the achievement of one single player may have been. we are apt to become proud of our victories and ashamed of our defeats. He learns that no matter what position he holds in the games field. as he always works in complete obedience of the rules set for the work. may be even of opposite temperaments. if the work is to be done successfully. A sportsman knows how to deal with people who are very irritating for him as. if he is a loser this time. they cannot present a united front against the opponent and so never win a game. whether he be at home. he may win the next. He learns the hard fact of any game (even of life) that once he sets to play. victory has to be attributed to the team and not the player. A sportsman on the games field also develops a sense of selflessness and a fellow feeling. Another important value imbibed in a sportsman is the sense of team spirit which is essential concomitant for success in later life. it is a group effort. a sportsman accepts mistakes of others and forgives them all. Learning this great art of adjusting. winning and losing are never a permanent feature for anyone and that is why he maintains a balance of behaviour in every situation. One learns to accommodate and adjust with all others. without this adjustment of the team. he may be the loser next time and also. The greatest of all qualities in a sportsman is the quality of his having a sportsman¶s spirit. he knows that adjustment with every member of the team is absolutely necessary and a key to any success. and with grace. but nonetheless. This is because if he is a winner once. He has to remember that if the game has to be won. For human as we all are. Thus.
ashamed, for situations keep changing for all. He realizes that victory and defeat are two sides of the same coin. Thus we can conclude that sports are an essential attribute of life. Sports build us up physically, mentally and even spiritually to some extent, as we learn to take gains and losses in the same stride. We are able to face the onslaughts of the world if we are good sportsmen, because we have all the ingredients of successful and happy individuals. We have in the bargain developed so many great qualities of head and heart that, when these are translated into action outside the games field also we score much above others who have not been able to come to the higher level of human existence, and still continue to possess all the weaknesses of humans. These weaknesses the sportsmen also had but, by entering the sports field, they have had to shed lower feelings and sentiments of us humans. We have a lot in praise of sports but, that does not mean that, sports are without any disadvantages. It has often been seen that, children who are seriously interested in sports get away from studies and even from other extra curricular activities of their school or colleges. This makes them develop into singular personalities instead of towering rounded personalities. After studying the value of sports in its totality, if is thought that sports must be encouraged as, they teach us a lot of good qualities which no other art can imbibe in us.
Posted by Ashok at 12:28 PM 0 comments Labels: Educational Essays
Students and Social Service
Social service is supposed to be the in things in fashion today. However, in a country like India, social service can leave the precincts of fashion and become a very important and long lasting project. What the real problem with us is that we have not really understood the value of social service. In real essence, social service means serving people who are of no personal utility to us. In India where the poor and underprivileged are so many, social service has a great importence, and a very large scope too. Today we hear of social service or social welfare organizations manned by men and women but we see that most of these organizations are not rendering service at the very grassroot level. It is the task of the Government to look after the welfare of all the people of the country but, the Government alone can do precious little. To help the Government in this task social service organizations must be mobilized to work hand in hand with the Government, only then a substantial result may be felt on the ground. The bottleneck in the functioning of the welfare organizations is the finances involved in any work so, if Government is there to allot funds and welfare organizations to do the work, we can achieve a lot. In India however, we see Government and social service organizations both working independently of each other so, the ground condition is one of lack of rapport and a haphazard activity. When we see both government and social service organizations working
towards the goal of social upliftment, we forget a great force in the country which can be an asset to this and that force is the student community. If this community is mobilized to help the Government and welfare agencies, the task will become easier and the results will be more tangible. The student community consists of young people who are full of enthusiasm and zeal for whatever work they are given. They have the energy and the mobility which elders lack and, above all they are a mighty force. The students can be mobilized in the spread of literacy, which can be made into a nation wide project. The Government and the social welfare organizations have been trying to do a lot but, the achievement is not enough. If the student community joins hands, and also participates in the project at least during their vacations, we will get a major active force helping us and the achievement will be tremendous. The students can also help us in our awareness programmes. No matter what the awareness is about, whether it is about health hazards, cleanliness drives, AIDS or cancer, we can utilize the services of the young to help us in these magnum projects. Since the children these days are more alert to their surroundings, they can be used also for mobilizing public opinion for nay given them. They can also be used in community projects like, helping the villagers in their pace of progress. This will give them a first insight into what India really is, and they will get a sense of achievement by working for their less fortunate brethren. In this way the stock of the urban student community will also improve by imbibing in them the desire to help others. They will learn that, sharing is the best way to progress. Team work and assimilation with the rural community will become added qualities infused in the younger generation, and we will have achieved our goals of service their magnum support. In the villages, the students can take up massive cleanliness projects, and teach the rural people the necessity of keeping clean, which will automatically lead them to better health standards. In doing this they will also develop the thought of dignity of labour which is sadly lacking in us Indians. Thus, if we take into confidence, our student community, and share our problems with them, I am sure they have a great potential of helping us out of the wilderness of illiteracy, health hazards etc. We can take examples of students sharing the social service projects in other countries like Russia and China. If those countries can take the help of their students why can¶t we think of it? The students are a tremendous force which, if mobilized, can do magic to our forlorn projects. Besides their helping us, they will also feel all the better for it. In the bargain they will learn a lot, do a lot, and achieve a lot. In this way while they are still students, they will be joining the bandwagon of social workers and participating effectively in nation building. Besides all this to gain they will then, not have the time to enter into any nefarious activities of drug pedaling etc. Their time and energy will be rightly and fruitfully channelised and so the nuisance of student unrest will be put to eternal rest.
Posted by Ashok at 12:27 PM 9 comments
Labels: Educational Essays
Teacher is a role model
A child, as we know, needs models and not critics. These models a child finds, first in his parents, and second in his teachers. It is very correctly said that the influence of the teacher is immense and no one knows when the influence becomes visible and where it sops. Since the teacher is one of the child¶s ideal, it is very important for a teacher to have qualities which impress the child and the qualities which he can imitate and thus become good. A role model is, therefore, one who has some sterling qualities of head and heart, which the child gets impressed by. So now, when we look for the essential qualities in a teacher we have to be clear in what we want the children in her charge to become, for the influence of a teacher is very deep, far reaching and of course permanent. We want our children, for instance, to develop the quality of honesty. The teacher must then be very honest in all her behaviour with the children she is handling. In this regard, partiality and favouritism are the two most obnoxious qualities that a teacher should not have. This attitude of a teacher is noticed by the children and they do not like her for it, and they also feel that she is not very honest in her dealings with them. In the process they also learn to be dishonest in their dealings with her, and with their classmates. Thus, an ideal teacher must be very honest and transparent in all her dealings with the children and with her colleagues. This folly of favouritism plays a double havoc with the children for, on the one hand, a child who is favoured, becomes unnecessarily pampered and the child who is unduly differentiated against, either gets into his shell, and feels unwanted or, if he is bold by nature, he becomes a revolutionary. In either case this favouritism of the teacher plays hell with both, the favoured and the not-so-favoured. This attitude of the child, shown at this stage of his life becomes a permanent feature of the child¶s character, and he starts feeling rightly or wrongly that he is punished for the wrongs that he has not done, and as an adult he becomes a confirmed revolutionary. Thus, in a nutshell we can derive that, in her partiality the teacher damages both the child who is favoured and the child who is not. The next quality that we would like to find in an ideal teacher is that, he should be very affectionate to all the children in his care. The love they get at this stage of life is what makes them lovable and affectionate adults. Love has got to be inculcated in the children as, it is love only that makes life worth living. So it is very necessary for an ideal teacher to be loving and caring, then only he in turn infuses the finer quality of begetting love in the children in his charge. A loving teacher is forever remembered and loved by students, who just admire him for his fountain of love, and they start believing that there could be no one more affectionate than their teacher of the past days. The students believe that their teacher is a fountain-head of all knowledge. This belief of the children must be kept alive by the teacher which is possible, only if he continues to learn together with his teaching assignments. A good teacher is the one who is also a good
honest. he should never pose as if he knows it. The impact of a teacher can be easily felt when we see the present deterioration in the younger generation. it is very important for the teacher to be a picture of what he would like the children to be. at any stage. they lose all respect for him. The teacher must know that. and he will be loved for this. A good teacher helps the students to develop all the great qualities of civilized human beings. for. and also feel for them.learner. the children do not take much time to assess the stuff or the capacity of a teacher. If he does this. This being the basic purpose of education. they also. A student is a mirror which reflects the learnings and knowledge of a teacher. makes us fit for a livelihood. This is because our teachers are lacking in almost all the qualities required for an ideal teacher. he only shows that he knows. For this. a human being with limitations. the teacher will be an ideal teacher. With this attitude of friendship with the children. They will turn out to be exact replicas of their teacher. An ideal teacher is thus one who leaves a permanent impact on the children he grooms. and will not be disappointed in his lack of knowledge. instead of giving them any wrong information. besides being a teacher for them. This is because. and to help them out of their seemingly little problems. For an ideal teacher it is advisable to tell the children that he will find out the answer to their query. know that a teacher is also. In turn. in India have failed to provide the relevant
. it would be great quality in a teacher if he could understand the woes of the children. he should not bluff the children into believing that his knowledge is absolutely complete. above all. and they remember him for his great qualities at different times of their lives. Though the teacher and the children are a generation apart. loyal citizens and. his wards will also learn the art of helping their younger siblings or friends in solving their problems. this must be kept in mind by a teacher. if a teacher does not happen to know a particular thing. and so. With all the above mentioned qualities in a teacher. if. the moot point is that. Thus. the teacher will win the confidence and they will always discuss their problems with him and they will also take him as their confidante. Another very important quality for an ideal teacher is to be very understanding in respect of the behaviour of the children. Education is what makes us into good human beings. Besides. This will unwittingly inculcate in the children a habit of accepting their own drawbacks and not nearly justifying whatever they do or say. the teacher has to put himself in the shoes of the children. It is not that the teacher must know everything on the face of this earth but. their wards are also lacking in all good qualities of head heart. he will be one who will leave an indelible mark on the minds of the young children in his charge. understand their feelings.
Posted by Ashok at 11:34 AM 0 comments Labels: Educational Essays
Let us analyse as to what is the purpose of any education. the children will admire him for his honesty. the children come to know that their teacher does not know. we.
at a higher level also give degrees or diplomas in the skills of the study. by giving this education to the budding generation. This is the result of bad and haphazard planning on the part of the educationists. and less of unemployable masses. Even since 1947. When all the basic rewards of education are not forthcoming. These centres could. indisciplined and
. and it could be expected to be fruitful. Besides a lop-sided curriculum. We are still following the subjects of study introduced in our curriculum by the British rulers which have lost their significance for us today being free Indians. the result is that trained people who are employable after studies are a very few. They could have it as an extra ± curricular activity which they would enjoy and at the same time get groomed for the skill. we can easily find out that neither they are good human beings. This is why this bankruptcy of achievement by our educated children. Even at the school level. Seeing the children. we have to understand that our education system has failed. In these fifty years of independence we have only succeeding in turning out rowdy. Even our colleges which have had a mushroom growth in the last five decades. Then. when the children left school. We have increased institutions of education in number but have failed to lay any stress on the quality of the education that these institutes impart. once they come out after completing their education.. we have neglected our primary education and pampered the higher education. then the picture would be the reverse of what it is today. So.education to our children in the past fifty years and more. nor are they loyal citizens and most of all. which has led to a vacuum in the basic literacy standards. The system to be built up will spread the right type of education and guarantee to the children a basic livelihood. Instead of increasing the numbers of colleges for general studies. There would then be more employable turnout. 90% of the children do not fit into any of the above mentioned norms or measurements of a good education. it would have been better if we had introduced more of vocational centres and institutes for the large masses of children coming out of schools. which be a part of the syllabus. Such institutes are the IITs which do train the students to achieve some skills but they are too few. With the establishment of vocational college for different vocations. and plain colleges are too many. educational institutes have increased by leaps and bounds in numbers but. let us ask our educationists as to what have they planned for the future of India. seeing the turnout of these educational houses. Training institutes like the IITs could give graduation degrees and even post graduation degrees to the children. These children. drawing. are turning out plain and simple graduates and post graduates who are absolutely unemployable when they come out of their colleges. they would have some skill to join an institute and then to get a job in that skill. the trend of our educational system would be put on the rails. they are not even capable of earning a livelihood. it would be more appropriate if the wards were taught some skill like painting. and the unemployable masses are too large a number. as they enter college they can start learning repair and mechanical jobs etc. or the subjects we teach. This process would enable the students to develop some skills and also show their aptitudes. For these children college would be their vocational centre. If we had done this. clay modeling etc.
Posted by Ashok at 11:32 AM 0 comments Labels: Educational Essays
The very word ³Examination´ throws jitters into the body of a student. only his quality or capacity of cramming. as that is the time to learn the finer things of life. then the roots cannot be removed. this must be inculcated in the small children in the very primary stage. or his special field of interest. instead. not be able to write even one page of correct English. as they will be settled. why does he have to burn the midnight lamp just a few days before the examinations. So. Our schools have lost track of this essentiality of education. somewhere in these decades. for the masses of the young will be in a position to join the mainstream of nation building as soon as they come out of their education outfit. The proof of the hollowness of his knowledge can be adjudged even immediately after his exam for.unemployable youth. A child who may for example score 80% marks in English may when asked. it would be more appropriate if we assess the child¶s achievements in the work done throughout the year. We must think of ways and means of developing and assessing his intelligence and other mental qualities rather than. So. so our educationists must catch them young to teach discipline love and loyalty. Oh! What an ogre this examination. Let us consider the system and why it has become a nightmare? What do we examine for. If this is done at a very early age. Regarding imparting on the children the knowhow of loyalty and good citizenship. is our aim in examining children fair and clear to us in our minds? What really do we want to assess! Actually what we really want to asses is whether the child knows all that he has learnt but is exam a true criteria? I feel definitely No. sure enough. The present system of examination does precious little in churning out really intelligent persons. This is a clear indicator of the defective system that is our examinations. He is clearly just mugging or memorizing all that he has learnt through the night and will vomit all on the examination paper and get a certificate of proficiency. if he knows all that he has learnt in the process of the year. what has been the achievement even after attaining 80%. there will also be less of rowdyism from them. hi will be a clean slate even a week after the exam. studying this lop-sided system of examination I feel. it just mechanically
. what has been achieved through the year and what do we achieve by making him pass through the hurdle of exam? The exams as they are taken today are more of memory tests and are no indication of the child¶s intelligence. Once they get vocational education. Here it is that we can pinpoint the major defect of our examination system. their main aim of getting employment will be fulfilled and so. Values are to be imbibed in the very young. For. It will be good for the country also. and we will have a stock of balanced ± well ± behaved youth rather than the ill ± behaved youth that our institutions are presently producing. Our examination system as it stands today is just a test of the memory of the student and not what he knows.
examination. penetrated into the very roots of India¶s education.
Posted by Ashok at 11:31 AM 0 comments Labels: Educational Essays
Utility of English in free India
In spite of having a history of centuries of foreign rule. It is for this status that children try all means to get hold of a degree no matter what they are worthy of. We have to work towards our goal of finding out our intellectuals and put them on the errand of nation building rather than continue with these baseless education and crumbling examinations. time is now ripe when education. If children know that getting a degree was not to be the all and end all of career making. Presently. Only then. now time to reshape our examination policy in order to know what we are examining. and how much he gets through our scales of measurement. Thus. Such a product is and will always be of low quality. what we are examining for. the Britishers saw that English language. the controversy of the utility or non-utility of English in India arose with the departure of the Britishers and the coming of the Indian regime. we have to change our method of examining their capacity. This prejudice against the spread and
. English entered into the confines of India with the Englishman who ruled over India for more than a century. If we want the children to know what they have studied and also retain it all. In that period of time. as he has only the capacity of memorizing. I am sure such bandsters and gangsters would not care to sit for any examination. The need for continuing English in our educational system felt being questioned. In the present system we only examine his capacity to cram but what about the other qualities he may have. an entry into the employment market without a degree in India gives some sort of a hollow status to an individual. However. we will also avoid the present scenario of police patrolling an examination hall instead of the invigilator keeping a vigil on the students. when he emerges out of educational institutions we will be able to fit him in his correct slot. I am afraid examinations will become more of war fronts and degrees a complete farce. If this is not done on an urgent basis. Is this what our examinations are meant for? It is thus. This happens because children know that their passing an exam in necessary. employment should all be viewed in their proper perspectives. Hindi has stood the test of time and circumstance. If we revamp our examination system.brings out crammers. when and how do we assess them? Our examinations should be of the total individual personality and the total frame work of all his capacities. neither does he know where he will fit nor do we know what we can make of him. degrees. to a great extent that continuance of the English language would indicate our acceptance of at least mental slavery of the outgoing regime. Besides. People believed and rightly so too. their degree is a must to take them to the employment market. when he is out of his educational career. who cram and pass through the exam ± little knowing what they have studies.
Besides the richness of the language it is a huge reservoir of knowledge. Let us consider the wealth of the English language. a foreign medium of instruction. this can be given a rethinking. So. The language is a living one. First and foremost at present is that there is no one language that can take the position of a national language. We can never hope to participate in any international meets if we do not develop our knowledge of English as. Besides. English will apparently never lose its importance in India or anywhere else in the world. imparting of knowledge in their mother tongue would be much easier than doing so in English. So. we can not do without the English language. While English is known in every part of the country so. has thrust upon us the English views of life which have been. the study of the English language which is an embodiment of English authors. even the Constitution says that. we cannot eliminate it from the Indian scenario. as the situation stands today. However. English may continue in India only for ³official purposes´ and also that. English has acquired the place of at least a link language more than any other Indian language. on the national scene becomes an emotional issue and the project has to be shelved. what is a nation without its own national language to be proud of? It is really degrading for a country to give so much importance to a foreign language and that also the language of its foreign rulers. At present we can see it as the strongest bond for our national integration. we can hardly think of dispensing with this language. unlike our traditional language Sanskrit which is today absolutely dormant. There is no doubt that medium of instruction being English. on the one hand while an independent country must have its own language. people feel that it is a reminder of our slavery and thus must be dispensed with. It is a rich language in which new addition of thousands of words come annually. the majority of the masses in India happen to live in the rural areas for whom. we can say that even when we don¶t want it. This is because a language besides a mode of conveying ideas becomes a living embodiment of attitudes and beliefs. All this is however available in English alone. The presentation of one. this is the one and only language used and understood
. Regarding education through the medium of English. For. In these circumstances even if we may not work for the further spread of English. Thus. the plea taken by the Anti-English lobby is that. The anti-English reaction is of course very natural. The study of English weakens our very national structure for. in case we wish to steer the country towards modern knowledge and advancement. from the commencement of the constitution. we cannot afford to be left out of the area of advanced studies. It is the language of our foreign rulers and so. There is undoubtedly a very major reason for us to continue study of English. only for a period of 15 years. it shall continue so.continuation of the language has been brewing for a long time. India being a multi lingual country cannot press for any one language to be made a national language. For. and continue to be a hazard to our cultural heritage. the negative side is not the only one to be considered. the local vernacular has remained at a low level of development and even the culture has been hard hit. but not quite rational. In these days of scientific and technological advancement.
So. from their point of view. to make our outlook scientific.by most of the countries of the world. it is the introduction of the educated India into the flow of modern life and that. the system was correct and viable. After independence there has been a mushroom growth of schools and colleges but education remained at the level of 50% of the population. Most cities and town have seen growth in the number of schools and colleges but the rural areas which consist of 70 ± 80% of India¶s population could not share with this growth. The study of the English language is therefore necessary to induce us into new worlds of thought and feeling. It would not be daring to say that. In India the tragic appearance of education is clear because it does not really mean to our local needs. The Education system that we are following today is the same system the English framed for Indians in the 19th century. it is rightly felt that the English language could continue to be our language till Hindi is developed to the standard of taking over its place and becoming the national language. Let us forget emotions for Hindi becoming a national language and be more practical and use English as long as we need it. We have never bothered to study the application and utility of the education we are imparting to our children. rational and up-to-date´. It should also be the medium of instruction in all educational institutions so that the students get an education into the latest trends of science and technology. ³I regard that English language as an open window for peeping into Western thought and science. India has so many languages and each individual is emotionally attached to his language then. Even Mahatma Gandhi once said. However. They never wanted to give Indians the education that would make them something higher than the babu. how will there ever be a consensus in bringing out a National language. They had planned it for us from their point of view as they needed a lot of babus for their offices in India. Indians have achieved by the study of this language. tradegy is that even after 50 years of independence. if there is anything that has led India towards progress. The cities and towns are producing millions of graduates and post graduates and even literacy is a matter of the future in our
. there is no harm at all to take the best of anyone. English has to continue as the link language through the length and breadth of this subcontinent.
Posted by Ashok at 11:29 AM 0 comments Labels: Educational Essays
Changes that must be introduced in our education system
When a country introduces its educational plan it must see that it applies and caters to the local needs and aspirations of the country at large. Now. Then the moot point now is what has been the utility of these myriads of education homes that have grown in the last 50 years? The growth of these institutions has also been sporadic. we still continue to follow the system of education framed by the English for us. It is thus felt that. This has resulted in the present precarious scenario. We must stop agitating against English and realize all the benefits we have reaped and will reap from the study of this language.
what the towns are producing are also graduates and post graduates good nor nothing. a post graduate comes out of Institution he does not get employment. it is more important to lay greater stress on school education rather than on higher education. it is at the school level the child learns all his human behaviours which last him a lifetime. The first and foremost objective of education is to get a decent employment. General studies should be compulsory till standard XII and after that. India lives in villages. This. If we adapt our education asp per the needs of our countrymen and our country. education. as it stands today is cumbersome and tiring for the children. disgruntled. I feel vocation should be the training ground to prepare the children for jobs and assignments of employment. Instead of first memorizing subjects. In this way we will spread progress to villages instead of bringing villages to urban areas. The world stands in front of them as a vacuum with nothing to offer. literacy should be the target though at the same time. more stress should be laid on extra curricular activities. In rural areas. when they enter a college of vocation or general studies as they like. I suggest could very well take its birth at the school stage only. It appears as if we have never studied the requirements of our country when we planned and changed our education system. Unless we spread the fruits of progress to our villages the progress will be lopsided and incomplete. unhappy generation. after 5 years of work and spending lot money they come out of the college and stand at the crossroads not knowing what to do next.villages. let us not forget our rural areas because. encouragement should be given to some brilliant children there also. So much for education in urban areas. to enter the mainstream of urban development. which will automatically generate interest in the children for the fun they like. Why because even after 5 years. What a huge gap in the progress of urban and rural areas. and then frustrating and suicidal when they develop into adults. all others should be diverted to centres of vocational training. Thus. we will make a better turnout and create a better tomorrow. The engineering and medical colleges should be only for meritorious students who can work and gain name and fame for themselves and do India proud. This would help them in their profession after they complete their education. Higher education must be limited to those who are really interested in higher studies and who like to go to the teaching profession. This is because.
. This fun of the school will further bloom into a vocation. if this is also not available then what have we done? We must instead of opening colleges for graduation open more institutions for vocational training. We have never cared to understand what are we trying to produce? We are only producing an unemployable. Besides this. Besides this. In a way I would say their disillusionment after education is quite understandable when. We could not understand what we plan to give children by way of education? Our education system needs a thorough overhaul which would relate to the requirement of our own country and not of the other countries.
A brief overview of these plans would give us a fairly clear picture of our developmental programmes. The year 1964 ± ¶65.Sunday. 7500 croes and expenditures was Rs. 8980 crores. The chief features of this plan was the spread of community development projects and an effort to raise the living standards of the people. It had ensured that growth would be followed with stability and self reliance. 1978 only. The Fifth Five Year Plan dates from 1974 ± 79. Besides this. This time the outlay for the public sector was Rs. This had a public sector outlay of Rs. 3110 crores. the Public Sector outlay was Rs. machinery and power had become the prime objectives. October 12. 4800 crores. 3030 crores and the private sector outlay was Rs. This plan failed owing to price rise of about 20 per cent. here again the target growth of 5. The Sixth Five Year Plan covered the period from 1980 ± 85. self sufficiency in food and the development of sectors like steel. 4190 crores. in this Plan. It seems that. 1960 crores. 8577 crores. In this plan. 2356 crore ± while the actual expenditure was only Rs. This Plan had several objectives like growth rate of the economy. by which the growth in different spheres could be suggested monitored while functioning and changed if the necessity arose. The Third Five Year Plan covered the period from 1961 ± 1966. Private sector investment was now Rs. The national income increased at 5. The public sector outlay was Rs. Indo ± Pak conflict and to cap it all a poor monsoon. 2704 crores.2 per cent. This plan started a minimum need programme with measures for checking inflation. At this time still another target to be followed was the attainment of social justice and upliftment of the weaker sections of the society. this plan had its set objective in industrialization ± the building up of rural India and the enhancing of employment opportunities. and the actual expenditure was only Rs. The First Five Year Plan came into existence for the years 1951 ± 1956. Chinese aggression. The Forth Five Year Plan was then made to cover the period of 1969 ± 74. the target levels were always now being set too high and so.5 per cent. the Public Sector outlay was Rs. It was in this period that the National income rose by 19. All these factors contributed to failure of this plan. This Plan targeted an increase in the national income by about 5% per annum. This plan was terminated in the fourth year only i.7% was never achieved. This system of framing Five Year Plans was a good arrangement devised. This Plan had two main objectives. we are working our economy as per the Five Year Plans. reduction in poverty and unemployment. fuel. 4672 crores. and that of the Private Sector was Rs. The Private Sector investment was Rs.
India's Five Year Plans
Ever since India got its independence. was declared as a period of µPlan Holiday¶.e. This plan once agains aimed to remove poverty and achieving self reliance. The Second Five Year Plan was to cover the period from 1956 ± 1961. Now. These mega plans have served us as building blocks of our national economy. These plans would also highlight for us the targets set through these fifty years of India¶s independence. 15902 crores. The Private Sector investment was 1800 crores.
4 per cent per annum. This also targeted growth in the production of food grains. We have had slogans of Garibi
. misallocation of resources to non priority areas. 75710 crores. The core sectors are being ignored by planners in the interest of their short term gains. in brief. However. but. we can say that such plans form a very good and efficient system but such planning should be balanced and must be worked in a systematic way. The growth of the Private Sector can also be attributed to these plans. An eye was also to be kept on the growth of population and improvement was to be made in the ecological and environmental assets of the nation. 97500 crores that for and the private sector was Rs.8 per cent as against the plan target of 5 per cent.00 crores. The year¶s financial programming must see that the benefits accrue to the poorest of the poor. While making such plans we must remember to project a well balanced plan so that development of infrastructure and improvement of standard of living of the messes go hand in hand. Provising the Public Sector outlay was made Rs.80. 180. public sector savings fell short of the target. In the process of this plan period. 8. So. the increase of opportunities of employment and the raising of productivity in all sectors of economy. The gap between income and expenditure of the Government increased. control of population growth. The Seventh Plan period covered the years 1985 ± ¶90. These plans have helped us in building ourselves. This plan had also set for itself several objectives. Now the public sector outlay was Rs. This not the purpose of any develop in economy.000 crores. our economy faces a slowdown and thus.improvement in the general quality of life. The annual growth rate of GDP was 5. unstable Governments. With an overview of the Indian Five Year Plan we can say that they have undoubtedly been tools in the boosting and the shaping of our economy. Goals must be set for all sections of our society and we must ensure that the implementation of these set goals are followed to the last word and it must be seen that the goals must see that all sections of the society grow along simultaneously. The production of food grains increased however. We have been able to meet many of the objectives laid down by the plans. the national income grew at 5. The major setbacks are redtapism. there has been something wrong. The Ninth Five Year Plan was to cover the year from 1997 to 2002 and has an outlay of Rs. they are not without their limitations and bottlenecks. in order to enable the Indian economy to compete with major free markets of the world. This plan was rather ambitious. spread of elementary education and the growth of economy. In this period many targets were even exceeded. somewhere and that is why as we see the economic scenario in India there is a considerable gaping gap between the haves and the Have Nots. With these on going hazards. like the generation of employment. This in itself indicates that there has been something intrinsically wrong in our economic policies which have made the rich become richer and the poor become poorer. These plans have succeeded in building the industrial and economic infrastructure of the country. The Eight Five Year Plan was from the year 1992 ± ¶97. down the line. the growth rate is now less than 5%. bureaucratic delays. This was delayed by two years.
The idea was to get rid of an inefficient and unproductive system and bring in a new and transparent economy which would also globally oriented. Even though the performance in all sector. This step though harsh is quite inevitable. It was now that imports were liberalized. the economy had not yet developed an strength to really take off. the economies of China. After the death of Rajiv Gandhi. but these reforms managed to continue. There had been a marked rise in their per capita incomes which were enough to provide good standards of living to their entire populations. This pace of economic liberalization would also show in terms of lay off of inefficient staff of the PSUs. Moreover. Rajiv Gandhi came to power. a number of sick mills of the NTC may have to be sold off to the Corporate Sector.Hatao but. Indonesia. e. it was felt that. The idea of liberalization endorses to is to eliminate an inefficient and non productive system. This means in very simple terms. exports increased. not apparently meant to be followed by successive Governments of the last fifty decades. and India trailing behind in the list of third world powers. and it was now decided by the Government to open Indian markets for foreign products and technologies.
Posted by Ashok at 7:11 AM 34 comments Labels: General Essays
The Economic Liberalization
Let us first consider as to what really does this word of economic liberalization mean. the Government has for decades been paying salaries to useless staff of the National Textile Corporation Mills. However. With a rapid pace of
. It was he who decided that.g. all because an efficient Exim policy. Taiwan. If this slogan had been earnestly worked upon. be sure we would not find this poverty in India. even by this decade of the eighties the benefits of all the development had not yet percolated down to the masses. and Singapore were performing very well in contrast. It was during the early eighties that. which is expected to promote more and better dialogue between importers and foreign vendors for their particular items. from the year 1998 onwards the new BJP Government of Atal Bihari Vajpayee has to undertake the responsibility of continuing the economic reforms started in the eighties. Malaysia. now it was high time that India should also come towards a free market economy. While India was still languishing under the pains of undergrowth. The years 1995 ± ¶97 witnessed a slow down in the economic growth in the regime of the United Front Government. a free market economy. the need for boosting up Indian economy was first felt. Economic progress was undoubtedly seen but. This present Government of the BJP has done very well by bringing more items for importing. the Indian Political scenario changed and in 1989. in practice they were just eye catching slogans. there were continuous changes in the political scenario. The economic front of all hues welcomed this move. At this juncture. Import of gold was liberalized in the 90s. it was not enough to propel the engines of growth. under the category of Open General License (OGP).
The multinationals who have entered the Indian scene. The latest techniques in management are now being adapted by us. health facilities. clothes and textiles and several other consumer products. we are producing the best machinery products and services with foreign collaboration. not without its drawbacks. This flourishing of a liberal economy of India is of course.economic liberalization. this small business community will get enmeshed in the labarynth of absolute poverty. Thus summing. Besides just these. In this process each one of us has to join hands with the state. the rural masses are also enjoying the advantages of the liberal policies of the Government. medicines transport and vehicles are the blessings of this liberalized economy. cable network and telephones. and several other consumer goods items. Redtapism is also seen to be reducing. TVs. economic liberalization is a slow and cumbersome process. and so now. Let us now analyse how this economic liberalization would help the common Indian masses. due to the coming of new and cheaper technologies in the Indian economy scenario refrigerators. Besides these advantages. The Indian fill our markets with quality goods at cheaper rates. The system of licensing has been liberalized. In this system. thus fastening the economic growth of the country. we can say that. consumer electronic goods. This economic liberalization has opened for us huge vistas of a free market system. With the liberalization of economy. textiles. it is imminent that. Now. they have lost the battle in the competition against Multinational Companies. so. computers. This liberalization would enhance the living standards of the Indians in general. water pumps. and the once adamant bureaucracy is now seen helping in the growth of Indian economy. The state and the individual must move hand in hand do that the nation grows as one single unit. The Indian manufacturer is already feeling the pinch in the Sectors of the computer. This has come into being because of the competition with foreign players in India. The Indian consumer would now have a wide range of choices in television. firms from other countries would fill our markets with quality goods at cheaper rates. and learn to waster less and produce more. We should not get scared of any of these teething troubles of economic liberalization and continue to go ahead with the process till we get out of the woods and become an economic power like China and others.
Posted by Ashok at 7:11 AM 1 comments
. Thus. Computerization is expanding at a very fast speed. which has made the local manufacturer suffer heavily as. cars. in a way this liberalization of economy will make the poor still poorer. the rich may be able to compete but the 52% of our population that is below poverty line will no longer succeed in getting a Government loan or a grant. music system. All rural areas now have access to colour Tvs. the rural people are also now enjoying a better standard of living. have elbowed away several local competitors from the scene. light machinery. The STD and ISD have also reached the interiors of rural India. the Private Sector has also been allowed a free hand in domestic foreign trade. exports and imports would both get an impetus.
This present apathy shows how far the degradation of our values have reached. as. The media. These days they are also very well aware of the malpractices in the highest of levels of all places. it is the beginning of the end. corruption did not exist earlier. This corruption as we see it today is not a development that has come overnight. then I feel that the situation has reached a point of no correction. the public. When we start justifying all the wrongs we do. without doing wrong we cannot exist or be functional. I say all feel that. we are not only doing wrong. and has taken a few decades to fructify. This is because of the simple reason that this malady has spread through the entire length and breadth of our social fabric and gone down to the deepest levels. corruption is rampant everywhere and all the time. In brief. the honest has reached the position of one of the top ten or so of corrupt countries of the world. Who is at the top or the apex of our society? It is the set of people who have all the power
. anything that is below all standard norms of morality in a country. the country of the legendary Harischandra. In this debate the rural folk are also not far behind. When we start thinking that corruption is a must. and when these are broken we say that.. What we have to study next is. we do not seem to feel that there is anything wrong in what all we are doing. then where can the scope be for correction? It would be rather interesting to note and specify as to how this process of continuous degeneration started. The corrupt practices have now become our lifestyle to such an extent that. it is understand that. to ± day it has seeped into the very blood stream of the system. then why do we all yes. It is not that. and that things should not be as they are. and then percolated downwards. a society is getting corrupted. without a hurdle. So much so that now. In this connection. the variety of forums for discussions and debates for the higher intellingensia are all neck deep buried in highlighting the rampant corruption in every sphere. and how low the system has dipped. is called or defined as corruption and corrupt practices. on the contrary are inclined to justify all wrong saying that. for it is the root that grows into a magnum tree. India has seen a steep upward trend in the graph of existing corruption. We. it has been a continuous process for the last several decades and. this degeneration started from the top echelons of society. It is thus of great value to know who put the seed that grew into this poisonous tree. the average Indian has reached the highest level of disgust and disappointment at the way things are moving in this country.Labels: General Essays
Corruption in India
The last two decades of the existence of independence. why and how this monster of corruption has taken such a firm hold on India so much so that. How has this come to be? Would be quite a pertinent question. This is no mean achievement. Let us first of all understand what is meant by corruption and corrupt practices. it is not that to ± day there are no honest people.. we are at the same time thinking that it is correct. These norms are a fixed standard in any given society.
and in turn the bureaucrat has enjoyed the protection of the politician. the Congress. us the people. it is for the goodwill of this top layer of society to give the country¶s society the trend it deems fit. and all this sure enough because it suits the politician. The vision of a great India in the yes of the freedom fighters has been lost somewhere in our move in the last fifty years. What does this show that. the father of the nation. This has become a totally corrupt and incorrigible
. in the span of more than century. Congress has failed to produce a single leader. and the same Congress that fought against foreign rule and ousted the foreigners is now all set to install a foreigner as the head of Independent India. the Congress presents such a dismal picture of honesty loyalty and service. Jawaharlal Nehru. Now. What has all this come to. The politician has encouraged the bureaucrat to be corrupt. corruption has percolated to all levels and in all spheres of activities. our self respect and love for our motherland is lost somewhere in the last fifty years. Sardar Patel. Where is that erstwhile political party. all the new political parties are following the path tread by the elder brother. They are all bound to follow the footsteps of this erstwhile conglomerate of greedy money spinning politicians. Have we Indians lost all self respect. no ideals and no ideologies. All this is the ugliest face of the corruption in India. the eerstwhile Indian National Congress and many other parties without a single leader of stature. can hardly allow for any space for any honesty to persist in any other layer of society. no ethics. the scenario at the very top. Now. Mahatma Gandhi? It appears that India has stopped producing men and women of such integrity.that is invested in them by. that we ourselves invite a foreigner to rule us? I dareasay we have become so immune to all finer feelings that we do not mind doing anything as long as we meet our ends. in all his nefarious activities. and to say that the seeds of India¶s corruption were sown by this class of our society. Now. and above all. Where are politicians like Pt. resulting in a mushroom growth of political parties all of the set pattern with no goals. leave alone a leader of the stature of Sardar Patel and the like. When the oldest political party. Today. So. From the senior bureaucrat the virus of corruption has slowly and steadily seemed down to the lowest levels of functionaries. this layer at the top has been the politician who rules the country. where is the discipline to follow the clarion call of Mahatma Gandhi? All it seems to have been lost. what can be said or expected from the other much younger political parties. Perhapse the breed of such politicians and other men have stopped taking birth. which has been at the helm of affairs of the country and today they have brought us t this point of no return as far as corruption is concerned. Today we are standing at the threshold of a new millennium with. that loyally fought for the freedom of the country. Today the sets of politicians of all political parties are just money spinning actors just working to establish estates for their seven generations. what can be the implications of a foreigner as the head of the state seem to be lost to this Congress which worked to oust the foreigners ± what a degradation of values. the Indian National Congress. from this topmost layer. This level being the highest level of our society is seen to have become most corrupt in the last two decades and the public is very well aware of the multi-scam decades of the eighties and nineties. All our ethics.
at present. the situation is of ³who will bell the cat?´ Everyone knows who the corrupt are but. there is no place or activity which is bereft of the fruits of corruption. and that also at a fast speed. there is a lot of hullabulloo for some time. and now corruption is like a drug. At present there is no remedy for this tragic situation we are in. So. big or small.institution. we have to bear with it. All these cases are just a farce into which now. It would not even be fair to punish the lower rungs of the ladder when the higher rungs continue to bask in the sunshine of their riches. no damage can ever come to the so called high ups. HE gives unto us a dictator who is capable enough to deal with this ogre of corruption with a strong hand or else it appears that we are doomed to drown in the deepest depths of corruption and that. and the seed of corruption has grown up into a full size magnum tree which perhapse cannot be changed. When the senior can not be punished how can there be any cleaning at the bottom. India is reaping what it has sown. all those. Our experience shows that. they are being dealt with but. The Indian society in all its entirety is corrupt to the core. today the situation is such that. the high ups cannot be touched. we will soon find it impossible to come out of the labarynth knit around us by our own men ± yes our own men
Posted by Ashok at 7:10 AM 21 comments
. it is so shocking that no politician has yet been punished for siphoning off so much of wealth of a poor country. high or low. However. as soon as a big name is involved in any corruption case. the irony of our system is such that no one can be touched. Only God can do some magic. and above all. what can be expected in a country when its protectors themselves become criminals. The tentacles of corruption can be dealt with only with an iron hand. must be dealt with an iron hand. except pray to God that. it is a wonder if there could be any light at the end of the tunnel. If this situation remains any longer. the Indian public an not be very easily fooled. this does not happen. public memory is very short. The way in which these cases are being dealt with clearly indicate that no one will be hurt as. The scams which have come to light in last one decade have amounted to multi ± crores. and the lower formations need not be touched ± so we remain where we were at the beginning of any case. Irrespective of the status of the wrong doer everyone. as we have seen umpteen times. must start cleaning from the top echelons of society. corruption has become our way of life and to uproot it is a Herculean task. while in reality all cases are just quietly shelved banking on the fact that. Now. and it all dies down with the passage of time and the corruption continues unabated. replaced or cut. It appears thus that for the time being at least. without which the addict finds it difficult to survive. so. How does this happen? This is very obvious for all those who have to be at the clearing end are bought. In this situation it will be a wonder if anything tangible can really be achieved for. This is the main reason why there is never any breakthrough in any scam. With this slow and steady and continuous spread of the fangs of corruption. yes all those who matter are involved in corruption. What is the use of just a show of dealings against corruption.
On the other hand. As far as India is concerned. There at the customs counter. there are several small business in which there can not be an assessment of the actual incomes. This is due to interest receipts on loans given to various sectors for social and economic services. and this is the class which has the least income. the sources of revenue of the State and Centre have both declined considerably and the contribution of tax revenue has come down from about 37 percent in 1950-51 to just a 12 per cent in 1993-94. such as the distribution of incomes. This is because the category that can and should give the maximum tax.g. and this is because this amount of money is the money earned by the public and given to the Government for development works. in our discussion of Public Finance. This is termed as an indirect made for the purchase of an item. Besides these people which include the highest earning gentry. customs tax. is the money collection of a country¶s Government by way of taxes. There being an evasion of taxes all along. the poor and the rich classes in India all manage to avoid taxation and thus population. for his purchase etc. we have to consider other points also. the tax base for direct taxes becomes very very narrow. there is a wide range of tax evasion. which brought out millions of worth of tax from the rich classes who had all along evaded tax. in India it is only the salaried class which only is bound to pay the tax regularly and correctly. Thus it may be seen that. is just the category that evades tax. Lately. the non-tax revenues have seen an upward trend.Labels: General Essays
Public finance of India
Let us first understand what is meant by Public Finance. Thus. the direct tax share has declined from 36 per cent to 16 percent. 1000% is brought to India. rate of indirect taxes.57 per cent. makes
.14 per cent to 14. and the richer classes who take the lion¶s share of income pay nothing or a nominal tax. indirect taxes are taxes which are levied as extra to the cost of an item. In the case of Central revenue. and so. as is obvious by the name. On the other hand. At this direct and indirect taxes. This problem of tax evasion is being met by the Government by reducing the rate of taxes. should be forced to pay the tightful tax. Direct taxes are taxes levied on the individual for his income. on the top of the scale. The distribution of incomes and property in india are at such a variance that. Besides this. It would be quite relevant to talk at this point of the VDIS scheme of the Government implemented in 1997. this category also gilts the Government. e. and this is exactly why this money is termed as public finance. This tax evasion should be dealt with an iron hand. As item which has been bought for say Rs. The real problem in india is this basic problem of tax evasion and it is this only which makes the revenue earnings minimal. while in the State tax revenue has taken a dive from 38 per cent to 11 per cent. The failure also of a large number of public enterprises to generate surplus. the purchaser has to pay some extra amount as a tax on the item already bought and paid for. Public finance of country. The sources of revenue of the States and the Centre are called the public finance of a country. the revenue has gone up from 14. which in turn results in revenue loss for the Government.
this foreign debt is 23 times more than what it was is March 1961. The central loan jumped from 2000 crores to 98000 crores between the period of 1950-51 and 1997-98and the interest burden hiked 200 time. whereas. which has all these years fuelled inflation. The concealing or evading of taxes should be minimal through an efficient administrative procedure. health and family planning has been five fold in relation to the GDP.300 crores. To cap all this drawback of India¶s public. The unchecked Government expenditure mounting higher and higher every year has been the major cause of an unprecedented price rise through the years. over the same period.this source of public revenue also get depleted. the gap between the expenditure and the revenue has been growing steadily. the actual tax evasion in India is in some cases even up to ¾ of the actual liability. expenditure of the Government must slashed down. Now if a balance has to be struck in India¶s public finances. Even since independence.12. the total government expenses as a percentage of the GDP has recorded in increase between 1950-51 and 1993-94. Without these who points being followed strictly and immediately. the deficit amount rose to Rs. compared to non-developmental expenditure. it has brought with it an increased burden of interest so be paid. Even the States are facing a similar debt problem.B. The R. finance is the worst factor to be encountered and this is the administration of the public finance. The expense incurred on education.
Posted by Ashok at 7:09 AM 0 comments
. This attributes to the major chunk of financial loss of revenue and also helps in developing a ³parallel economy´. Though this gap has been encountered by borrowing from the Reserve Bank of India. no retrievel of our financial position could be achieved. could refuse to print currency notes but it has not done so as yet. public expenditure on agricultural and rural development in ten times more than the increase in the GDP. These deficits of the Central and the State Government are an increasingly depressing phenomena of the Indian fiscal scenario. estimates show that.I. It has only pointed out from time to time the problems that can arise by creating paper money. Even foreign debt has increased at a phenomenal rate. On the other hand. Since there has been a faster growth of public expenditure in relation to the revenue. However successive Indian Government have recklessly shown a deficit graph going constantly up till at last in 1992-93. However. the Government of India has been continuously resorting to the printing press via the Reserve Bank of India by means of issuing ad hoc treasury bills. Another important phenomena of the India fiscal system is the growing dependence of the State Government on the Central Government which becomes a continuous drain on the central pool of money resources. and the mischief of tax evasion must be dealt with an iron hand. it increased from 32 crores in March 1951 to 11000 crores in 1961 and at the end of 1988. between 1950-51 and 1993-94. Development expenditure has shown faster growth in this period.
India¶s view is absolutely logical and in all fairness but. United States. If nuclear Non ± Proliferation is the international norm. Pakistan. Even to-day. the nations that have the view that. the brother the United States of America has been urging India to sign the Nuclear Non ± Proliferation Treaty ± (NPT). and also continue to go ahead with their researches in the subject. the majority of the nations of the world have had no say in evolving nuclear norms since this technology was almost unknown to them. India has been producing plutonium from the mid sixties which means that. all the nuclear powers should also be brought under international scrutiny. or. believe in the norm of nuclear proliferation. On the face of it. either all powers big and small destroy all their nuclear weapons and simultaneously also stop all work on it. the big powers continue to delve in their nuclear projects and the same five powers continue to ask the other nations to stop it all forthwith. India and Pakistan should hold bi-lateral talks on the nuclear problem and find a solution. those countries who have accepted the Non ± Proliferation Treaty. it is these powers who have conveniently exempted themselves from all inspections and they allow all technology transfer among themselves. These double standards in the nuclear race cannot hold for long to any sense of common and natural justice. India. have accepted the right of a few powers to have and develop their nuclear weapons. If India is not willing to sign the NPT. big or small should be allowed to grow into nuclear powers.e. it would be willing to
. all powers. the United States suggests that. India¶s view is quite in line with laws of natural justice for India says that. nuclear weapons contribute defence of the last resort. Is this how the world is expected to observe the non-proliferation norms? It is this discrimination among powers of the world which India has been strongly opposed to. In the comity of nations if some nations continue to keep their weapon laboratories and do not allow any inspection of the same. the five major nuclear powers do not commit themselves to the ultimate goal of a world that will be free of nuclear weapons. These nations advocate capping of all the non nuclear nations to prevent them from developing their know how and capability. The United States has also suggested a Conference of five nations i.Labels: General Essays
What is Nuclear Non ± Proliferation?
What is really meant by Nuclear Non ± Proliferation? In simple explanation. how can non-proliferation ever become a yardstick or a norm? if the non ± nuclear countries are to accept capping their nuclear projects. On the other hand. India has been having access to weapons material for quite a long time. It is against all norms of natural justice that. In reality. If non-proliferation is to be the norm then why is the united States promoting proliferation of British nuclear missiles? Today if the agreement between United States and Russia was to be implemented a number of weapons with most of the powers will be found to be many times more than what they were when the NPT was signed. the response of China was that. To this suggestion. India however feels that elimination of nuclear armaments is a global problem and not just a regional problem. Russia and China.
However. Canada. All these factors have together led to the complete sluggish growth of the Indian Economy. and that also at the behest of the big brother. there are certain elements which may be agreed upon by most countries. some nuclear capable states which not have signed the NPT. apart from Pakistan it has to take serious note of the highly developed nuclear arsenal of China. and a lot of other turmoil all over the world the talk of µone world¶ appears to be quite a misnomer. and above all these the political instability. Sweden Spain etc. On the other hand. the United States wants it to be so. and so has it been for the last fifty years. in these circumstances we expect other nuclear weapons States and nuclear weapon capable states also to retain their weapons. secondly an agreement on µnon ± use¶ of nuclear weapons. India feels that. However though our ultimate target has to be total elimination of all nuclear weapons we have to prepare a long term plan in the time table. Japan and South Korea can develop nuclear weapons if they so desire. and also some states that have signed the NPT. Lessons to be learnt from nuclear energy are of vital importance for developing self reliance. India can not be expected to dismantle its nuclear capability that has been built up in the span of the last forty years. In this disappointing scenario. the Comprehensive and universal test ban.
.participate in the said Conference only if its own arsenal would not be a topic of discussion. for instance Israel has a nuclear arsenal. Italy. and thirdly transfer of nuclear technology should be subject to peaceful use provision. recession on the home front. besides India and Pakistan. North Korea has plutonium production reactor. but can develop nuclear weapons fairly well. Seeing the Yugoslav situation. which is also fraught with recession. recession in all commercial and industrial playgrounds. some nuclear states. In such a situation. The factors are many. the only redeeming feature seems to be the economic scenario on the International horizon. In reality. the Gulf War. In general the list of such countries would include Germany. there are more nuclear powers in the Asia ± Pacific region. Thus in order to make such a Conference a reality a large number of countries would have to be included. India on the contrary must maintain and also develop its nuclear capability and nurture high technologies. In this process the initiative was taken by Rajiv Gandhi who foresaw a time bound elimination of all nuclear weapons.. the United States does not foresee elimination of all nuclear weapons in the near future so. and it is this that gives India a slight breather. The slow and sluggish Indian Economy can be attributed to a number of factors that have prevailed in India ever since we got our independence.
Posted by Ashok at 7:09 AM 0 comments Labels: General Essays
The Indian Economy Today
The horizon of Indian Economy is presently very bleak and dark. Firstly. that cannot be overlooked in the hope of much talked of globalization. Though the non ± proliferation seems to be a distant dream. and they are.
Besides all this. e) Clearing of fast track Projects. yashwant Sinha. This is just a part of the tax reform package offered for our presently ailing economy. the Indian Economy would surely be retrieved. it cannot be expected to find India escape unscathed or unblemished. With all this in the world. Mr. Together with all these there has to be a marked increase in the inflow of investments. Mr. At this juncture since global economy is facing a decline. The finance sector has also to be restructured. It is true that Indian Economy is going through a turbulent time. and not a crisis created overnight. It would be rather relevant at this juncture to add that. The Stock Markets are crashing. Corporate receipts have also risen by 120%. we may recover from these painful shocks. in order to salvage the economy out of its present unstable condition. c) An intervention of the Foreign Exchange Markets. All these plans of revitalizing the Indian Economy would come to nought if the Government at the centre remains unstable or gets changed.The fate of Indian economy is largely dependent on the trends of the world economy and it is this world economy that is now in the clutches of the worst ever crisis. During the first quarter of the year 1998 ± ¶99 industrial production has grown by 5. is the pent up results of decades of mismanagement of finances. Tax and Company Laws are also in grave need for major reforms. industrial production has slackened. A few facts and figures would now help us comprehend the real scenario. the Finance Minister 1998 ± ¶99. b) The FDIs to be doubled. however. its position and growth will be much better than most of the other economic players of the world.000 Crores. the present financial position of India. d) Spending on the infrastructure. it is a happy trend to see that the Government is working hard towards the cherished goal of an economically strong and healthy India. the interest of the world has been generated in Indian economic growth. political upheavals are a common feature and the decline in exports in terms of important commodities is prevalent on a world wide scale.4% compared to 3. A few of the salient highlights of this package are as follows :a) The Kar Vivad Samadhan Scheme which is likely to fetch Rs. the Government has planned to give a major thrust to the Private Sector Projects. However. 30. g) Privatisation of Insurance. Foreign Investment norms are also to be set up. seems to be very optimistic and believes that. economic observers feel that. Indian economy would surely revive soon. and reforms are to be initiated in the Insurance Sector.1% during April ± June 1998. The Agricultural production has been rather good.
. even with all this disappointment all around. The recovery cannot be predicted but. and that.7% of 1997 ± ¶98. Yashwant Sinha has presented a very compact reform package. Direct tax collections have grown at 41. f) Simplified Tax rules.
in the growth of telecom and communication industry. for their operation and maintenance. may it be in business. The Internet has come as a storm in the Indian business and industry. i. The application of the Internet would include surfing. Now we have really arrived into a new world of a global village. And this was a great step forward. The avenue of rural tele communication has
. Even in rural areas the computer can play an important role in crop development. a man who was once doing the job of a clerk would now be able to execute more productive assignments. rural industry and rural education. thus contributing his best to his employer society and the nation. earnings and living standards of the society. To day. internet connectivity and cellphone and all these services warrant the usage of the computer.e. information is shared in the form of data. If India wants to emulate the economic super powers of the world it is necessary for India to completely computerize. and by now. The computer helps us create programmes. tele ± communication and satellite imagery are both computer based. Indian manpower is about the best in the world. crop diseases. In the Indian context. banking. This single step is expected to open new avenues of technology in this country. publishing engineering etc. This change over to computerization is welcomed by all and sundry but. fax. With this advent of the computer. productivity. no it is not so. this belief is just a misnomer. Life in urban Indian is dependent on the telephone. In India there are about 93000 computers linked to Internet so far. The computer is expected to ensure enhancement of knowledge levels. the Videsh Sanchar Nigam Ltd is the only provider of Internet Services. computerization is apt to throw men out of employment. This can be made possible only with the help of the computer and the Internet networks. In India. even in India it is beyond our imagination to conceive of any avenue where computer has not made a dent. The reason for this is that. it leaves one burning question in the minds of people. We are all apt to believe that. in the next century. computerization is absolutely necessary as. The Internet is a complicated web of satellites and cable network connecting millions of computers across the world. software for seed research. pictures and graphics.Posted by Ashok at 7:08 AM 1 comments Labels: General Essays
The world¶s technological horizon is dominated by the computer since the year 1970. communicate and also help us to earn. The ISPs have to give a bank guarantee equivalent to license fee for one year. it has entered into every sphere of human existence. and access to data. It was in October 1977 that the private sector Internet Service Provider ushered into India. A computer is an electric device which helps in boosting our efficiency and helps us in being more creative by taking up the work of repetition itself. in about almost any sphere of work. the VSNL. and link the Indian economy and industry with International information in a super big way.. and in the last two decades it has taken over charge of all that was once man¶s handiwork. E-mail..
We would send an E-mail to our grocery shop for our grocery requirements. This system of E-mail would eliminate postage. Still further. another significant development in the field of information technology is the coming up of the Internet shops. and every area of feasible entry. a host of jobs can be done. It is a certainty that the new century would belong entirely to the computer. All those concerned would discuss the Project on line through the Internet. internet and software for application. and now. This is prevalent everywhere in the Western world and is now catching up fast in the Indian scenario. computer games. in the urban areas of the country. on the global horizon. orders would be placed on the Internet and the execution of the order would also be done through the Internet. Recognising the annual recession in the market worldwide by 1995 ± 96 India¶s Software export was 16. This is because all information is stored and managed by computers. E-mail connection. only when it computerizes its economy. The next area of development in the pipeline is the E-com which is already prevalent in the West.been revolutionized by the computer. For example. this would be sent through the Internet to the shop. pagers. and so they become necessary in the modern times and are also accessible to all. Through this convenience. through the internet. We have the mobile phone. scientific and all other operations. The future of communication system would include. firms would float their tenders and projects through the Internet. We also have the E-mail or the electronic mail which is a high speed communication system.S. a telephone with STD facilities and a modern card. business. India can hope to become a country of world standards. and our items would be delivered to us. However. All kinds of data and information can be sent through the E-mail. 1/. courier and telephonic conversations. being as low as Re. This concept of E-com is fast picking up in the Indian industry also.2%. Only this technology can help India to benefit on all fronts.D. This concept is also quite easy to understand. The remarkable point to be noted at this juncture is. We can send and receive E-mail. In the last decade of the 20th century this technology has entered with quite a bang. This is no mean an achievement. In the same way. it is found in every home. we are on the threshold of further achievement within a few more years. The Internet is also a provider of
. the annual revenue of India¶s software industry would be reaching U. The computer could be of great value in education.per page. to understand how much India has contributed in the growth of the field of information technology. $ 6 trillion mark by the year 2000 A. surf through the sites of the Internet and collect any required information.
Posted by Ashok at 7:05 AM 0 comments Labels: General Essays
The Information Technology
The close of the 20th century brings the world well nigh a revolution in information technology. This system of communication is very cheap. each office.
henceforth in times to come people would surf through the Internet for any information on education. However. Vital growth areas in information technology are likely to include multimedia. In the new millennium we may also see satellite phone. the Government buys the grain from him. and we have huge warehouses stacked with grain which is expected to feed the Public Distribution System. aided design and artificial intelligence. When we talk of production we are considering the fields of agriculture and industry. entertainment and leisure. but. The constraints in such development would be basically investment of money. as.
Posted by Ashok at 7:05 AM 0 comments Labels: General Essays
Inflation in India
Inflation as an economic phenomena may be described as the continuous upward spiral of prices in all parts of the economy. magazines newspapers. a new technology may enable us to use our telephone as a mobile. news of fashions movies and other shows are all available on the Internet. animation. if it is not properly handled we may be burdened with rising prices which may prove detrimental to economic growth.. resource shortage and policies of the Government. Here again prices are fixed by the Government and steadily keep increasing resulting in aggravation of the inflationary process. This seems to be quite logical and simple. business. Just as in the last decade we have been crazy about video games. computer. The economic situation in a country can be analyzed under the following heads of production and distribution. In the agricultural arena. above all.fun. and last but not the least the facility of proper marketing by the co ± operatives to enable the farmer to get the return for his labour which should be reasonable enough an amount for him to be able to look after his domestic needs and responsibilities.
. A base set would be connected to the telephone line at home or office and we could carry an instrument similar to the present mobile phone and thus communicate with the place where the base set has been installed and. If the farmers are provided facilities of better seeds. the productive process involves all farmer¶s activities in the fields together with the working of co-operatives for providing of facilities like better seeds. Through these satellite phones we could talk to anyone. while the Government on its part. how does it aggravate or remedy the process of inflation. Thus the coming of the information technology would make office work simple and all this without much paper work. experience has shown that. but does it really benefit the farmer. all this will be at no extra charge. In its effort to help the farmer. the lengthy distribution system has often resulted in a lot of wastage of food grains. This can be described as a boost to the economy. is trying to fix a high price for the farmer¶s grain and send food for the common man. inspite of all these constraints the signs are for a very healthy growth of Information Technology. anywhere in the world. fertilizers etc. For this. all city guides. In times to come. This is desirable to enable the Indian farmer to progress.
and myriads of people without houses. The gap of this unaccounted money is becoming tighter and tighter on the economy. in the industrial sphere also we see how artificial fixation of prices leads to further inflation. If it was not a useful Project for the Nation. The artificial fixation of prices in no manner ensures the gain for the workers because of the inflationary trend fuelled by fixation of prices rather than the sharing of profits by a larger number of people. The result of all this being that. Every time we have the national budget raising any petrol or diesel prices. if their examples were followed for our guidance all the help in the form of Capital goods and money loans from the IMF and the World Bank would. but that phase soon after a few decades should get over. In the same way.implements and marketing facilities. when the industry starts using their machines to the optimum capacity. once again the worker still does not get a proper share of the gains. but. the marketing which is done by the co ± operative. production would improve and the market forces of supply and demand would automatically fix appropriate prices. once again. with each passing year. in the industrial sector. it definitely needs correction as far as large resources of the country stand blocked in the form of µBlack Money¶. to day. Unless we learn to spread out our gains over a large number of people the inflationary trend will continue to be fuelled. and are just building up the infrastructure of roads. and colossal sums of money wasted in it? The same trend has aggravated the upward spiral of the ogre of inflation. though India has progressed with the passage of time. In India the importance of small scale industries cannot be ignored. It would be very unfair to say that. co ± operatives are prominent and do a lot of good to the village artisan. Thus even in the industrial sector it is important to have the national interest uppermost in the minds of the authorities. In essence. it is of great benefit but. ever since the advent of industrialization in free India. We can be sure that.. in the span of half a century see India at a much better economic position than we are in. As the number of rules and regulations increase there is less participation of market forces and prices continue to be fixed at higher and higher levels. It is not uncommon to see large Projects worth crores of rupees going halfway and then being abandoned. In the politically independent India we have seen great industrialists like the Tatas and the Birlas who have without fail combined industrial progress with rational utilization of their profits for the benefits of the people. we have innumerable houses lying vacant. Inflationary trends are essential when we have just started to invest in capital goods from foreign markets. Hence. and inflationary trend just continues unabated. we see gradually all prices receive an impetus to rise. nothing has been done but. and the transport system facilitates trading activity even to the remotes part of the country. the Government can help to finance Projects which are found to be socially and economically beneficial. also. this progress made does not compare favourably with other countries like Japan who managed to bounce back on the International Economic scene. and there are fewer loans not paid back to banks. and the poverty line includes lesser people with each passing day. we have plenty of students needing admission to schools and plenty of trained
. railways and dams etc. In this area also we see that though. why was it ever started. we have seen that.
why was there no alternative made before the fall of the Government. verbally repenting for what has been done we see each day each party only blaming the
. a State party that allied with the Government withdraw its support? Besides all this on the government side. Hence the system is today flourishing because each one of us. This is the fertile soil for all corruption which erodes the economy still further. and have. when we buy anything do we insist on taking a receipt for it? I daresay most of us do not. was manipulated? Above all.
Posted by Ashok at 7:04 AM 0 comments Labels: General Essays
The Political Imbroglio in 1999
The political scenario of the year 1999 could be easily adjudged as the worst possible existing since 1947. and continue to do. the obvious question that arises in the mind of any literate Indian is. We know that. but there is paucity of schools why? This all happens when we have unaccounted money and we cannot do much with it except pay high prices ± and this class of money further fuels inflation. each one of us is contributing to the very existence of µBlack Money¶ and this in turn restricts the spread of benefits of progress to the poorer classes. Now. hardly any chances of progress. Instead of at least. Why did. why did they break apart after the fall? What happened to make these parties fall apart? All these steps that were undertaken by the parties in the Opposition very clearly indicate how much our politicians are genuinely looking after. Why was the Vajpayee Government toppled when. or are even interested in looking after the interests of this poor country that India is. education. in the year 1999 till now the government was of the BJP and its allies. Prices must come down by the play of market forces and not in the form of depression leading to increase of unemployment and poverty. and the Congress and other parties were in the Opposition. when all the parties on the Opposition held together tilt the Government. They do not seem to realize that. and the customer saves the sales tax. the caretakers of the country do not seem to feel any remorse at what they have done. why did all the other parties that were in the opposition concentrate all their efforts and fullest attention on the programme of toppling the Government? Above all. why was it felt necessary to remove the Government. What we see is the net result of a continuous degeneration of the politicians and political parties. it was in no way worse than any Government that held the reins since 1947. hence a major part of the Indian population continues to live in abject poverty. the question that arises is that. The mushroom growth of political parties each one with its individual agenda and its own partisan ideologies has added to the already political chaos on the central scene in 1999. yes. when the Opposition felt a desperate need for a change in the Government. a poor country like India can ill afford the hobby of annual elections. However.teachers. because. not taking a receipt helps the shopkeeper to save his income tax. with a total lack of facilities. At the individual level also as citizens of India we can help in curbing this process for example.
is it not clear that the Opposition parties had some ulterior motives in the enacting of this big drama. As far as the Opposition parties were concerned all of them had their own designs. as if that sorts out all the problem. the chair of the Prime Minister was the only concern of all and sundry and the country of course the concern of none. They went to the extent of even saying that. Vajpayee was out there was a list of contenders for the chair of the Prime Minister. This once again confirms to us the very callous
. and ³within the next one minute´. Is this not enough indication that. it lost by just one vote. which in turn indicates that the opponents all together even were not enough to give a thumping defeat to the Government. but this was not found to be necessary by the opposition as.. In India after independence. the Congress nominee was not acceptable to all. Some political mischief makers started playing up the sentiments of possible changes and lo µand behold¶ the desires of latent leaders took the clues and started the imbroglio plans. by a large margin of votes. the Vajpayee Government was starting stabilizing itself. but. a Government will be in position. if they really wanted to do good for the country. It is so obvious that. with dreams of high chairs in the offing. This saw the getting together of all the parties in the Opposition joining hands to dislodge the existing Government. this basic theory defies the understanding of our great politicians. They did not seem to realize that. and getting applauses for its multi-dimensional achievements and its policies. their only objective was to undo what was being done. if the Vajpayee Government was really doing so badly and did deserve to be throughout then. and this the Opposition could not just quietly swallow. which has to cost the Exchequer thousands of crores. Governments have come and gone but. they should have at least made a shadow Parliament and a shadow Government ± no. Their eyes were just pinned on a simple destruction project. What does this show? Is it not the hope of putting their own man on the chair of Prime Minister that prompted all of them to oust the legitimately elected Government? Finally on this point only they broke as. all of us want to continue to improve our careers but. If it was not bad enough or unstable enough to be dropped at the µdrop of a hat. we do not leave a job before getting a new one and that also better than the one in hand. This so very clearly indicates that. With this sort of comments it is not difficult to understand the logic behind the activities of the Opposition. Vajpayee must go. The situation as it stood in March 1999 was that.others for the dilemma. the Opposition parties should have fixed up an alternative before throwing out the Government. For a simple example. They had no imagination of what they would plan for the future. the Vajpayee Government has set a record even in its losing the confidence vote as. They just could not bear to see the Government to stabilize as they were not used to staying without power. Mr. aims and objectives in maneuvering the ouster of the Government and as soon as Mr. Their purpose was not to give good governance to the country which they say that the Vajpayee Government was not giving. the Vajpayee Government was not bad enough for the country to have to indulge in the very expensive hobby of annual elections. However. their sole purpose was to destroy rather than to make. a country cannot remain without a Government so.
This action of the Congress has put to question their integrity and consideration for the country. Now. the voter has been retained by the stable Congress Governments for 45 years as uneducated as possible ± for just one single reason that. To add to this. yes it may be said that a single family has given a forced stability. They have already drained the Central and State Exchequers by their corrupt practices and their show of status and now their attitude towards the expenditure to be incurred in the elections. what has this foreigner done for India except moving about with her Prime Minister husband? I do wonder if this could be classified by the Congress as a sufficient reason for becoming the Prime Minister of the biggest democracy of the world? At this juncture I would like to point out that. we must admit that they have given India a Government throughout but. How great I¶d say is the magnanimity of the Congress that they do not mind a foreigner to rule them. no country in the world yes.attitudes of the modern politicians. All leaders of the party and the Prime Ministers of which the Congress boasts. it has not been able to produce a single leader. It is only the bad luck of the Indian people that they have after 1947 never got a good and stable leadership. In a century or more of existence. no country would ever allow a foreigner to become the head of the state. instead of helping in the toppling of the Vajpayee Government. The stability of the Government
. In 1999 till now the politician was and is corrupt and the masses ignorant so. With all this happening in the country and the country being in the hands of such vultures who only look for prey to kill and eat. got the chair of the PM on a platter as a reward for their birth in a family. as they do not have the capacity to think for themselves and are easily swayed by hollow promises made ± so much so that. even after fifty years of promises made and not kept. it should have advised the Government wherever it faltered. and now in 1999 the so called age old party is presenting to India a gift of a Roman born Prime Minister. Besides being a foreigner. it is this combination of corrupt politicians and the ignorant masses that has kept the Congress Governments on their saddle for the last fifty years. as long as the masses are illiterate they will provide a solid vote bank. Now this talk of leadership will lead us on to the stable Governments the Congress proudly professes to have given to India in the last fifty years. Now where has the party given stability. If the Congress has been conscious of its duties as a responsible Opposition and as the oldest political party. the corrupt are able to play up with the ignorant and make them dance to their tunes. has it been the party¶s rule or a single family rule. I say no other party has such an extreme bankruptcy of leadership like the so called century old Congress. instead of joining hands with the rag tag opportunist parties. then what can be the fate of the poor Indian people. this is the last straw on the camel¶s back that now a novice and a Roman born has been elected the President of the erstwhile party the Congress. and it is this stability that the Congress boasts. the common man. Yes. I dare say that. This is just another blow on the financial bankruptcy of the Indian Government¶s Exchequer. It is only we poor Indians who could allow such pranks to take the country for a ride. the illiterate common man is still a good vote bank for the Congress.
and not the Governor. Kashmir was granted a special status. It is worthwhile for us to understand why and how it became a problem for India and Pakistan. like in the other States that had acceded to the Indian Union.which Congress talks of. and secondly we can see how an illiterate mass of people can be held to ransom by generations of one family. This desire of Pakistan to take away Kashmir from India has shown
. All the other princely States merged into the Indian Union but. at that time the ruler of the State was Hari Singh. even if it be outsiders in the family. It is really shocking to note that crores of people from India are unable to produce one single individual to head the State that. Kashmir could have its own Constituent Assembly and the Head of the State was Sadr ± e ± Riyasat. we have to continue to hold on to the apronstrings of one single family ± without whom it seems India will die out. The problem with this backdrop of a special status. the greatest credit has to go to the oldest political party which has failed to produce a single leader in the last fifty years and has to go back to the family for support even if it be with just crutches. in the shadow of whom. the world becoming one family.An Indo Pak Irritant
The Kashmir problem has been a continuous eyesore for India ever since the days of India¶s independence. no one. we have to go back to the family. When the world is talking of Globalisation of the world. was really the stability of the Governments in the fifty years but the stability of a so called great family. yes no one of his kin really deserved the chair. This situation of the political scene in India in the year 1999. for the ruler has to come from there and no one else will ever be accepted. became more serious when. In this situation as it stands in the middle of 1999. the elections were held in ± October 99 and could not give us Indians relief of wish of single party stable government. as. a Hindu. after Jawaharlal Nehru.
Posted by Ashok at 7:02 AM 0 comments Labels: General Essays
Kashmir . for one. The special status for Kashmir lay in the fact that. depicts India¶s absolute bankruptcy of leadership. a part of their country. In reality. This election again gave us a hung or to say a multiparty government but with the grace of almighty God is stayed for more than five years and is likely to complete its full term in November 2003. in 1947 only when in that year the areas where Muslims had an absolute majority was being eyed by Pakistan. If a country has to be lead like this by just one single family then why do we call it a democracy a better and more appropriate name for such Governments would be Monarchy or even to call it a dictatorship would not be very wrong. God alone knows how many more Prime Ministers will take birth. For this unhealthy situation. as they occupied it only because they happened to be his kith and kin. This is in my parlance the brazen misuse of a name only for. the problem of Kashmir was created at the very onset of Independence when this State was the only one to be given a special status. However. It is a shame for us Indians to have reached to this level of political insanity at the turn of one century and beginning of next.
In 1965 and 1971 Pakistan even attacked India when armed troops were sent to Kashmir and Punjab in the eighties. The position of Kashmir to-day is still rather precarious as. Pakistan attacked Kashmir with the help of the Kabaili mercenaries. Military observers group in India and Pakistan. at any stage be allowed to intervene or mediate. the situation regarding Kashmir in the year 1947. This was thus. India will
. Thus the situation is now very tense and can deteriorate any time. For the last eighteen years. Pakistan has been putting great stress on their demand for an expansion of the role and strength of the United Nations. Gandhi. In 1971. Pakistan is fighting a proxy war in Kashmir. This tactics of Pakistan has been the latest of its attempts to dislodge any semblance of peace in Kashmir. India will surely after a time give way to its designs. and thus. Ever since then. just as observers be deployed on the side of the Pakistan occupied Kashmir is the insistence of Pakistan just to prove to the world that. just to create an awe in those areas. Pakistan stakes its claim on Kashmir. India insisting on making it only a bilateral issue and Pakistan seeking International intervention. In 1947 itself. India and Pakistan have to settle all their disputes only through bilateral negotiations and discussions ± and no third party can. when there is too much of bloodshed and destruction in the valley. Thus Kashmir has defied any agreeable solution through these long attracted international attention. Hari Singh signed the document of the accession of Kashmir to India. after fifty years. the historic Simla Agreement was signed by the Pakistan Prime Minister Bhutto and Mrs. this single issue of Kashmir could provide a spark to ignite the Third World War. Any time Pakistan with its might and the aid from China may muster the courage to attack India with the plan of annexing Kashmir to Pakistan. Pakistan believes that. Pakistan¶s view regarding Kashmir is based only on religion ± for obvious reasons. However. All this could surely be achieved without any further armed conflicts. for all practical purposes Kashmir had become anintegial part of India by its own will. even though it did not declare war directly. Pakistan is training and providing with arms the young extremists to kill and loot in the valley with the view that. India is wrong when it says that Islamabad is sending support to the extremists operating in India mainly in Kashmir. it can not live without Kashmir and for India Kashmir is its organ and its pride. However. that is immediately after independence. the majority of the population of Kashmir is of Muslims. now India and Pakistan have both displayed their nuclear might and this race for military might could be expected to take a heavy toll in Kashmir.itself in several series through the last fifty years. even now. the Prime Minister of India. that. Pakistan has been continuously trying to Internationalise the Kashmir issue ± against the very breath of the Simla Agreement. in the hope that. Pakistan has been fighting and laying its claim on Kashmir. As per this agreement. Kashmir is now the most talked of region in the world to ±day as. For such a settlement both sides have to make some substancial compromises and if they fail to do so. a well planned settlement agreeable to both the parties could surely be thrashed out if Pakistan and India leaders with a nature and a straight forward thinking sit together and discuss. and it is only this reason that. Now the ruler.
to this tactics. the great powers have increased their know how and also their arsenals of nuclear weapons. Immediately after independence. somehow. only if it was to save itself. When India became independent. But. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. it has depicted in all its activities and attitudes through the ages.
Posted by Ashok at 7:01 AM 0 comments Labels: General Essays
India's Nuclear Policy
India has an age old tradition of being peace loving country and this. Let us see what finally happens to this burning issue between India and Pakistan. These were considered necessary for the eradication of poverty. since its very inception. this has not come to be. During the span of 25 years. and Nehru started the process of planning the development of higher scientific and technological education and research in different fields. The world scenario that has developed through the years is that. with others continuing to advance in destructive management. all these efforts also put up by Pakistan. all that we can do is just to wait and watch and pray that good sense prevails and the tangle gets sorted out to the satisfaction of both the parties. and as such they remained strained always. the world has gone far ahead in using its knowledge of Science as an instrument of destruction. However. However. to internationalise the Kashmir issue has failed upto now and so. our relations with our closet neighbour Pakistan. without the further destruction of the beautiful Valley. India had to develop its knowledge of destruction. a war was also thrust upon India by another neighbour Chin. With this background. and India is expected to just wait and watch. India has three wars thrust upon it by Pakistan. India did not undergo any change. In the year 1962. Pakistan is probably hopeful that. from 1948 to 1971. so now Pakistan is indulging in a new modus operandi of trying to internationalise the Kashmir issue. have been mutually lacking in trust. illiteracy and poverty were rampant. and then it will present to Pakistan the valley of Kashmir on a platter. by leaps and bounds. India had to review its defence policy and defence budget. it also realized that. but.have to succumb to the nefarious designs of Pakistan. the first Prime Minister of independent India started building friendships with other countries but. by applying such tactics it may be able to cow down the Indian thinking and. which India obviously had to fight. It is with this background that. The movement of the world in its knowledge of Science has been thought provoking for the Indians also. This it had to do only to be able to defend itself from onslaughts of others. development of agriculture and
. Even after the wars India had to fight. Pakistan only continues to back up and support the terrorist activities in Kashmir in order to dislodge all semblance of a civilized life in Kashmir. in its thinking and attitude of not fighting. and the scenario of the world India had to perforce plan out a strategy of defending itself. at some later stage. with the growth of Science and Technology. and they have had to do some rethinking in the matter. the pride of India.
U. India has always been pressing from time to time on all world forums for a restraint on these big nuclear powers. we have the skill and the know how.. However. are the latest entrants in this race. on the other side. and through their own researched. It is with this in view that. The two countries did this only to highlight to the world their know how in the Science. we still are against using this knowledge as a weapon of destruction. The examples of this. So much for the knowledge of India in the sphere of nuclear science but. France and China. and thus showed to the world that they are not very far from the others in their knowledge. India and Pakistan. like and other branch of Science this experiment is necessary to understand the extent to which we have progressed in the line. and they have also started a movement on the path of nuclear growth. India¶s nuclear policy has always been very clear in as much as. The situation of the world to-day is that. some powers have nuclear weapons the natural corollary for all other nations of any magnitude is to have a desire to enter the arena even if it be in a small way. Now that. the small powers have a continued feeling of insecurity. India¶s stand is that. for the study and advancement of knowledge of the Science of Nuclear energy. What has been the advancement in the field can be verified only with nuclear explosions. the five big powers that have the maximum knowledge and reserves of nuclear weapons are. they should stop the manufacture of nuclear arms for destructive purposes. in the fifties. With this attitude of the big powers. The knowledge developed in the laboratories was experimented by India in its first nuclear explosion conducted at Pokharan in Rajasthan. These powers are the five who have huge stock piles of nuclear weapons which they can legally develop and increase but. in the year 1974. A number of atomic energy power stations were established in the country with the idea of utilizing this energy for peaceful purposes. The Indian scientists continued to advance their knowledge by a close interaction with their counterparts in other countries. when we realize that. then. the five big powers
. This was just a simple ground trial of the laboratory research of the scientists. this test was also conducted at the same location of Pokharan in Rajasthan and is so called the Pokharan-II. Nuclear energy has a number of useful applications. the atomic energy establishment for study and research in the field was started in India.A. Russia. the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre being set up in Bombay. India is avowed to use its nuclear knowledge only for purposes of peace and never for confrontation with any one. India will also convinue the smaller countries of the safety of their respective states. for. and. all the other powers of the world not supposed to grow in this sphere. specially in the field of power generation. with the first atomic research centre. what is our policy in the matter? Our policy has not changed from the early days of our independence. With further development. However this point pressed by India has not been acceptable by the big powers. the second test of nuclear know how was conducted by India in May 1998. even to-day. and also destroy their existing dumps of arsenals.S.advancement of the country to compete with other countries of the world. This was achiebed in India with the help form various countries who had know how in the field. Britian.
This is further corroborated by the latest declaration of the Prime minister of India that ours will always be the ³No first use´ policy as far as nuclear weapons are concerned. This will build a confidence in the smaller powers and then there is a chance that they may follow suit. India insists that.. the truth of the matter is that. India wants to develop nuclear know how in all its forms specially for only peaceful purposes of nuclear energy. when all countries are supposed to be equal then why this partiality? While some countries can fulfil their priorities. they would not like the other lesser powers to develop even a simple know how of the technology. this treatment of diiferentiation will not be accepted.want to impose a discriminatory world order called the C. This action of the big powers total disarmament in the world. it has not found much acceptance in the comity of nations. This is the basic and though very logical approach of India. the big brothers give examples to the younger brothers round the world. and drop their pursuit of nuclear studies and research. total nuclear disarmament of all the powers of the world.B. about the potentially of the nuclear weapons for massive destruction. In this matter it would be advisable and more practical to achieve results that.some countries do continue to dominate the others. Thus. Experience has shown the world how atomic invasions destroyed Nagasaki and Hiroshima in the World War-II. Being essentially a peace loving nation India can be fully trusted in. on all the nations of the world. the big five powers that are established nuclear power must destroy all their nuclear arsenals in a phased manner. that is Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty. In respect to this decision. while they themselves can retain their huge nuclear dumps and even keep on adding on to them. the other countries will not be allowed to develop their nuclear powers. and taught all. India has said very clearly that. it is all important for the big powers to control themselves and then they may get obedience as. For this.T. by disarming and destroying their nuclear wepons by and by. the smaller
. in a stipulated time frame. That this will lead to a continuing the latent attitude of suspicion of countries against each other. Thus so far. India¶s policy is for the good of her own security and the stopping of the big powers becoming more powerful and thus more dangerous for world peace. Presently just as in the past. nuclear power has only acted as a deterrent to ensure that a military power does not indulge in any misadventure. This will put a stop on the attempts of smaller countries trying to develop their know how and researches on the subject. For. either all countries stop developing the nuclear weapons or all should be allowed to do whatever they can in the matter. though the world claims to have reached the stage of global oneness but. never being the offender in the matter of disturbing world peace. Thus India¶s plea in the matter is absolutely correct when it says that. India continues to press on al a world forums about-one. ther should be such a clear demarcation between the Haves and Have Nots.T. Secondly. By this the big powers want that. While some countries think it is their prerogative to sit on dumps of nuclear arsenals. and it is in no norms of natural justice that. the others are denied the right. and this continues to point at the fact of the desire of the big countries to dominate the world scene. in reality. and received any positive response from the nuclear powers.
it would spell disaster and all prayer would be diverted to Heaven to help man out of the predicament. For India to become a nuclear power. The rotation of the Earth on its axis gives us on earth our Day and Night. we feel as though a new life has been infused by a mere change of the season. So. or similarity of attitudes towards the rich and poor countries. as for one. the hot. The Earth would then present a
. the big brother is punishing by sanctions.
Posted by Ashok at 7:00 AM 0 comments Labels: General Essays
If one day the Earth stopped rotating and revolving
If the earth stopped revolving and rotating. The Earth as we know is a Planet and a part of the Solar System. The two distinct movements are rotation of the Earth on its own axis and revolution of the Earth round the sun. obviously if these movements stopped the gifts of these movements would also cease. When one season changes into the other. This would be ideally achieved by the elder brother cajoling the younger. we can hardly underestimate the utility of these movements to us on Earth. To-day this is the policy of India and when it has achieved a breakthrough. the pleasures of these seasons and besides all this. the wet and the cold. it has always been peace loving and mature country. instead of punishing by means of imposing sanctions. like all other planets moves round and round the sun. it does not want to develop nuclear know how with any destructive ideas in mind. people on Earth our seasons. How far does this indicate the equality of nations. An economically weak country like India is not likely to embark on such a course unless its security environments compel it to. Seeing this scenario. it requires a colossal investment for the manufacture of the bomb and its delivery systm. the moot point to be considered is that. India¶s stand on nuclear arms is quite logical for. the Earth¶s movement round the sun gives us. With so many gifts to us by the apparently simple movements of the Earth. it is not its policy to destroy. with the day being for work and night for rest and relaxation. they give us a sense of change and freshness. These seasons are also great assets to us as we get to enjoy the fruits of these seasons. instead of appreciating the growth of the once backward country. and for second. In this the 24 hours of the day are so neatly divided into day and night. India can not take upon itself the onus of any destruction by nuclear arms. Now let us imagine what would happen if one fine day the Earth stopped moving. once other powers get nuclear and India is not allowed to grow on this front will it not be left behind in its growth of knowledge? Is it not enough for India to declare that it will never use it first to show that. it has two movements very well co ± ordinated with itself and with other planets. these movements are not to be seen as just movements but. This also is a serious stopper placed in India and would always prevent it form trying any misadventure of nuclear destruction. it can not afford the fun. On the other hand. The Earth.powers will feel secure and confident. in the context of what these movements give to us on Earth.
It is an old and wise understanding that we should do everything. addiction of drugs. This addiction of today. commonly to drugs. This is because addiction leads to dissatisfaction. has anyone of us cared to analyse the cause of this addiction. This would be a scenario of utter confusion and absolute indiscipline. This would never give us relief from the tortures of extremes of any season and we would be unkindly plunged into the effects of one season. The loss of seasons would also prevent us from preparing ourselves for them. being accustomed to these changes so. We would be sufferers at the hands of the Almighty and all hands would raise in prayer to HIM for restoration of the gifts. chaos and unhappiness. All the advantages of these movements presented to us on a platter would seem to be unkindly withdrawn. cold or wet zone. it is bound to lead to a sense of annihilation at some stage or the other. The day the Earth stops its movements round the sum will be a day of doom for us on earth. if they were to be denied to us we would feel terribly dejected and forlorn. Standing at rooftops. we are used to changes. dusk or dawn and whatever season we would be having at that point of time. we all decry addiction but. How would we enjoy the blessings and fruits of all seasons. No matter what we get addicted to. With stopping of its movements. The guiding factor of day and night having gone. In the context o today¶s scenario in India. This deep seated cause is in the violent change of styles. We would then be in a permanently hot. We would not know how to handle the new situation as. of society and of demands and ambitions of parents.
Posted by Ashok at 7:00 AM 1 comments Labels: General Essays
What is Addiction ?
Addiction as the word normally implies is. HE has so graciously awarded to us since the very inception of creation. speaking from public platforms. there is a deep seated cause of this epidemic. frustration and ultimate destruction. we would get stranded in the precincts of one time of the day and one season only. At the point of time or moment the Earth would stop moving we would be having day or night or dawn or dusk and one of the three seasons. of family life. each place of the world would have to be confined to either day. eat and drink everything but never get addicted to anything. to get used to something to such an extent that life cannot be conducted without it. we would just rest when we would want to and work when we want to. for ages. is not just fun for the young. If we men were not used to day and night and changes of seasons it would have been a different matter.scene of utter confusion. night. we use the word addiction mostly to. never to get solace and relief from a change in the season. but in the present circumstances we have. when would we work and when would we sleep. How would we time our daily routines. All these together make life hell for the younger
. The strict discipline of nature of passing on from day to night and from night to day would be converted into a static position. Loss of discipline in nature would cause increase of indiscipline in our daily routines.
Because of circumstances at home and immediate social circle children become prone to substance abuse. in front of schools and colleges. the future of the country. when the child small or big comes home from school. If the drugs would not be easily available at sweets shops. Peer pressure adds to the child¶s frustration. To improve the lives of the young. whom is he going to tell his experiences. With their continuous lust for money. for.
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. Let us objectively and rationally study the causes of drug addiction. It appears here that parents and society seem to forget that all children cannot achieve same targets. Friends and elders what would you do if some day your child turns up to you and compares you to other parents whom he feels are better than you? Would not it cause frustration in your mature minds? Then what do you expect to achieve by comparing children and being over ambitious. in school. a servant or a cook. First cause I can attirubte to this. I feel. I daresay the elders of this younger generation have become more callous than any elders ever before. it is the parents whose unfulfilled ambitions come to play a prominent role here. society and this world of elders for getting our younger generation addicted to drugs. So. they get an added qualification of becoming thieves in their very homes. his woes and enjoyments? Parents often compare their children with their peers. till now they were only drug addicts. money to buy the drugs. When they are lured by their seniors. Every generation has been young then why this special frustration in the present generation only? This is because. I daresay the elders must mend their ways. the parents cry and brood but. what is the use of crying over spilt milk? I squarely blame the home. from where would the children get them? We elders help them to get drugs and addicted to drugs. all have their individual limitations. they become entrapped. the world of adults doesn¶t seem to see and understand where they are leading the younger generation.generation and they take recourse to drugs for solace and peace of mind. When the child has reached this stage of addiction that. These comparisons make the children hate each other. the addicts cannot do without them and the next step is to steal from home. is the home. However. and then shout about it. they don¶t ever seem to realize that this criticism of the child will not make the child but mar his desire to study. The father and mother are always busy in earning money. what does he see. no elders are at home. Next in line of culprits comes the Society who only keep comparing children ± they seem to forget that ³comparisons are odious´. The child and the home both flourish on the work of servants. When this addiction crosses a certain level. at a later stage. Now. This section of society is the greates contributor towards increase of drug addiction in India. This is the first cause of frustration. if life continues to move at this pace it will not be long that we will have to sit and bemoan the loss of a younger generation i. there is no going back.e. whom they see as their ideals. ayahs and crèches. a pet dog.
A few persons manage to get a large number of tickets and sell them at high prices. the first Home Minister of free India.
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My Favourite Leader
Our country has produced a galaxy of thinkers and theoreticians. Marketing even in cinema houses. The life and work of Sardar Patel. Gatekeepers stand at every gate to check tickets. The riff ± raff come on foot and shout. Even the eve ± teasers have a busy time. Young boys and girls in particular are mad after pictures. but they cannot forego the latest movie. In these days. Rich people pour in with cars and scooters and middle class people in rickshaws or on cycles. Policemen move to and fro to control the traffic. On the other side rich persons in the best of clothes stand near the booking window where there is a heavy rush. The sound of the horns never ceases.Friday. clap and hiss. There is a lot of hustle and bustle in front of a cinema hall. Sardar Patelji. The scene is so busy. some go in and occupy their seats and others stand in the open and indulge in gossips. It appears from their faces that they have more knowledge of human nature than does a full day in a library. October 3. whose forty ± seventy death anniversary was observed on December 15 lst year show that ³things are revolutionized not by creating revolutions on the streets but by achieving practical solutions to the existing problems´. Sometimes a few ever ± teasers receive a sound beating from the people. it is of paramount importance that the nation¶s attention should be invited to Sardar Patel¶s concrete and constructive contribution in various areas of Indian polity and administration. It is seen in front of a cinema hall that till the last minute people continue rushing in. A cinema house attracts more people than a temple does. They know more about these film ± stars than about their great men of the past and the present. There is no one in modern India who has achieved so much in so many directions and in
. was a remarkable personality and he is my favourite leader for his innumerable qualities. They can do without their meals. but there have been very few who have translated theory into practice and converted promise into performance. tempting and exciting that none feels bored there. The great rush of people offers a good opportunity for the pick ± pockets. Various types of people besiege the cinema house and are very anxious to go inside. when virtually India is writing another disappointed story of disorder and disarray in its beleaguered history. On one side there is a thick crowd standing in a queue pushing and elbowing one another. There is none to check this black. 2008
A Scene in Front of a Cinema Hall
These days movies have become a great source of attraction for young boys and girls. A cinema hall is a human museum or a fir of human faces with different dresses and belonging to different walks of life. They are rather crazy for films and film ± stars.
He was not only the organizer of the fight for freedom but also the arcthitect of the new state when the fight was over. but I am convinced that the Sardar was the only person who could have coped with it´. Sardar Patel was an exception. The latter had to deal with only a dozen states in comparison to 561 dealt with by Sardar Patel. Sardar Patelji first formulated the great design for a well-knit India and then proceeded to materialize it on the ground. We learn from his life that it is the constructive work alone that can inject meaning into the veins of history and civilization. Unfortunately. Patel was accused for sometime for being anti ± Muslim. while lack of unity will expose us to fresh calamities´. His efforts resulted in adding of about eighty thousand square kilometers of land to the Indian Union. At the same time. Gandhiji advised the municipal councilors all over the country for not seeking honours or indulge in mutual rivalries. this accusation has to be faced by all those who are the real benefactors of the Muslims but who have the courage and commitment of calling a spade a spade. Gandhiji observed about Patelji : ³The task of dealing with the princes was truly formidable. By a common endeavour. The
. Sardar Patel¶s great contribution was warmly recognized by both Gandhiji and Lord Mountbatten. Nothing has added to the prestige of the present Government more than the brilliant policy you have followed with the states´. Gandhiji¶s ideas would have less practical influence and Nehru¶s idealism less scope. Patel was an embodiment of probity in public life. the Manchester Guardian wrote that without Patel. Taking clue from Sardar Patel¶s solid and selfless work in the streets of Ahmedabad. Patelji brought about a bloodless revolution as compared to the policy of µblood & iron¶ of Bismarck. in the present day India. He often combined his morning walk with the inspection of the streets of the city. But since you succeeded. we can raise the country to a new greatness. The same man is seldom successful both as rebel and statesman. the results would have been disastrous. In a letter written by Lord Mountbatten to Patelji. He aroused the patriotic sentiments of the princes and remind them : ³We are at a momentous stage in the history of India. In respect of this great task. Had you failed in this. and making a distinction between appeasement and fairness. no one can see the disastrous consequences that you avoided. One of the greatest triumphs in real sense of realism and responsibility of Sardar Patel was integration of over 500 princely states. he took care not to allow any grass to grow underneath his feet. At the time of his death. The approach followed by Patel was direct and dynamic. he advised them to have real spirit of service and convert themselves into unpaid sweepers and roadmakers and above all take pride in doing so. but. But Sardar Patel¶s achievements are far more remarkable than that of Bismarck. He showed an amazing capacity to size up men and moments and to strike when the iron was hot. it said ³There is no doubt that by far the most important achievement of the present government is unification of the states into the Dominion of India. The great questions of the day are not settled by speeches and slogans but by sound and solid actions just like did by Sardar Patel in his life.such a short time as Sardar Patel. he has often been compared with Chancellor Bismarck who unified Germany in the late nineteenth century.
Even a minor impropriety by his partymen was sternly dealt with. water supply. The µpeople of India¶ project was the first plan-Indian survey of all the commuities in India from 1984 to 1996. is an outstanding characteristic for the communities. no matter what religion they are attached with. most communities within a region of state many traits. The Aini-i-Akbari was the first national gazetteer of India which lists the dominant lineages drawn from different communities in various parts of Akbar¶s empire. their differing versions of origin. The number of genes in which they differ are only few in comparison to the vast number of genes they have in common. At such times. Vangas. This has been significantly brought out in the anthropomorphic survey of population in various states. I still love to read books written by Sardar Patel and get inspiration from his achievements and teachings. the people of India are a rich tapestry of cultures.only property he left comprised a few dhotis and kurtas and a suitcase. Even our earliest literature refers to the Andhras. health. Patel constructed a model which solved many of the acute problems of sanitation. The Mahabharata is truly a story of all the communities in India. waste disposal and traffic. The roots in the local cultural system. The people of India as per the constitution of India in a collective sense are identified into five human groups namely the Scheduled Castes. There is a much greater homogenization among communities in terms of morphological and genetic traits at the regional level.
We. All these groups are spread all over the country and most of them have been heterogeneous un terms of their perception of themselves. the Socially and Educationally Backward Classes. Today our country is facing a serious threat to its integrity in which administration is collapsing and terrorism is extending its tentacles right from the State of Kashmir to the other end of Coimbatore. Angas and Cheras. their occupation and their original territory or villages. and the Anglo Indians. The Scheduled Tribes.
. their life cycle ceremonies. Mostly Indians are a highly mixed people. In fact. their resources. their occupations which have now diversifies and so on. it is essential for the nation particularly the ruling elite to remember the teaching and approach of Sardar patel and ward off the coming anarchy. He did not tolerate malfeasance anywhere. These communities derived their identities from their environment. The people and communities of India are best seen in the regional context. faiths and festivals. The regions are ancient and culturally cohesive and go back to the pre-historic period. their kinship structures. I wish that the present leaders must take a cue from his books and make ways for the prosperity of the nation. the Religions and Linguistic Minorities.
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We The people of India. Yet their likeness appears to be more prominent than their differences.
Our late Prime Minister had truly said that India is a cultural unity amidst diversity. there has been communities from the lower order move into the middle zone. Hierarchy differs from region to region. a bundle of contradictions held together by strong but invisible threads of lobe and affection. Similarly. there are still some communities which do not have adequate representation in the classified ranks of the society. On the face of it. becomes truly fully participative one. the people of India. only about twenty percent of the Indian communities are vegetarian. There are no communities without divisions. Further. it is a fact that the people of India are located within the civilization vocabulary cutting across various language barriers. This explains the burgeoning middle class. Today. Further it is seen that all the communities and races living in India are also placed in a hierarchical order. an amorphous category which encompasses a whole range of people moving up and going down into a arena of economic activity. A wide range of interaction is also shown by them including sharing of linkages and commonalities among communities in a linguistic regional and interregional context. However. there has been a sharp increase in the consumption of alcoholic beverages by men in various Communities with growth in economy in the post green revolution phase.
. and they are the participants in the recent political processes going on in the country. communities are ranked in a low. highlight the rise of the middle class over a large social spectrum including most communities and from almost all regions. Mild culture has spread in the wake of the white revolution and a large number of communities report the consumption of milk. at some different platform. Another thing which is very interesting about the people of India is that we share traits far more than the traits that we do not share. However. Among the people of India. the remotest communities have been drawn into the vortex of Indian politics. Contrary to the general impression and inspite of the higher value attached to vegetarianism. surnames and titles add up to a mind boggling figure of about eighty thousand. at the same time. even though later they embraced different religious or other ways of life. they form an interesting tapestry market by different levels of perception. A reason for this could be the fact that most communities have emerged from the same ecological. there has been a general shift from non ± vegetarianism to vegetarianism. ethnic. there are very few communities whose members follow only one occupation. this process has still to move forward so as to encompass each section of people in order that our democracy. segments including exogamous divisions or groups. As the movement towards the political equality grows and it gets translated into economic terms. In the eating habits of the People of India. socio-cultural background. synonyms. Ther has been an overall pervasive impact of the development process. the social base of which is widening. Based on the different perceptions. middle and high order. We. However. there has been a diversification of occupations among the People of India.Indian society is marked by division and hierarchy. status and identity.
Now I think all of us started conjecturing that. I now lost track of all the others as I was deeply engrossed in my happiness as. and how I was being praised by all and sundry for my very good looks. Our journey started and. keeping us all wondering what our luck had in store for us. In the midst of all excitement we waited in the sun for quite a long time. My heart felt pit a pat. Soon we all heard a person. Soon the loading started and perhapse about twenty of us were loaded together in one truck. All of us were placed outside the factory to be transported to our respective destinations. At least that was my condition and I am sure my friends also felt the same. my pleasure no knew no bounds as. Aha! It was so soon we reached our destination in so short a time. We started saying adieu to each other knowing that we never see each other ever again. 2008
An Autobiography of the Prime Minister's Chair
I am a chair. plain and simple like several others of my clan ± very very comfortable. We were all puffed up with glee and felt very proud of ourselves as it was clear now that we would all be placed in sophisticated and plush offices of senior officers of the Government of India. None of us knew where we would be taken but. I knew not where my fate would take me. will I just be put in his office to seat his guests? This doubt was soon
. hardly had we settled in the truck that the truck stopped. when I heard someone¶s footsteps coming towards us. with thick laid cushions on the seat and the back. I heard people saying that I had to be taken to the office of the Prime Minister in the South Block of the Secretariat. somewhere within me is an inlaid layer of thorns which continue to prick the person sitting on my seat. all of us twenty were meant to be kept in the same office. This excitement was justified for we were very lucky and why not.aturday. but dears. That day two hundred of us were turned out of the factory. or. and believe that each one of us looked glamorous and just beautiful. someone senior coming towards us and announcing aloud to someone else that we had now to be transported to the Secretariat. in Delhi. I will henceforth be seating the Prime Minister of India. I am very sure that my friends also felt the same way due to the uncertainty of luck hanging on our heads. pit a pat. The thorns keep reminding the occupier of the seat of his immense responsibilities and still more immense hurdles to fulfilling these very responsibilities. This was the building where all the offices of the Government were housed. and we would be allotted different locations depending on out looks. and it was announced by the driver that the South Block had come. and that. Now. It seemed that I was one of the most beautiful chairs manufactured in one single factory. one again our movement started and we were to be carried to our respective places of posting. Now was the time for the final reckoning. we were all after all so beautiful and comfortable. trucks were standing to take us away from this place. and we would count in our final placements. This was a lot of excitement for all of us as at least I knew that the Secretariat was the office from where the Government functioned. Now my heart came into my mouth as. I heard someone telling another that we were all to be taken to the Secretariat. and Lo! Just then were all of us loaded in the trucks looked alike. and the peons were waiting to remove us from the truck. I remember the day I was completed. September 13. Aha.
Then I thought to myself. Deve Gowda. I only quietly welcomed the new P. and many such other questions now troubled me. This became my routine. Here I was not alone. Oh! how much of paper work. is now likely to change. as.M. Oh! I felt so tired bearing the weight of the P. inspite of the boredom I was happy that I was among the few honoured from y community. was lighter. My life would remain the same though. I would not understand anything of what was being discussed. I was the alone chosen one who would have the honour of seating the Prime Minister of India on me. as. yes. I was very delicate and secondly.M. for so many long hours. He was. could sit for so long. The same long drawn out discussions. This zest kept me happy for sometime and. I would start thinking of my other friends who must surely be having less time of toil and labour. Not for long did I have to wait when he entered the office. they are having less work to do but where do they have the singular honour of being used by the P.M. the routine of my life remained unchanged. one fine morning I saw a new P. that I would get very tired as. He praised me to his staff members and sat on me. Now that I was settled. My heart pounded within me will I be able to give comfort. how many and how long the discussions and. of India? This thought gave me immense satisfaction and I decided to just neglect the smaller woes of life. In my moments of desperation. This time I was thrilled. and even less weight on their backs. Life went on as usual and I had nothing new to feel or do when soon enough one fine day I heard some murmur that. and remained there for very long to settle tasks set for him. and lo! he was as though struck by my immaculate beauty and personality. to come and sit on me. I had hardly taken the rumour in. when it became a very long series of discussions.M. This boredom was because of two reasons. same debates and of course the same long working hours.M. Deve Gowda. would be. found me very cosy and comfortable.M. I would start getting bored.M. dusted and was now ready to receive the Prime minister. When this was my plight of boredom. and after sometime only. I did of course have the pleasure of seeing the innermost details of the functioning of the Government. I was at the same time sorry for my plight of not being able to understand anything of all that transpired. Who was? I think he was Mr. I did wonder what had happened to Mr. perhapse Mr. Gujral. once again there was a talk of a change in the Prime Minister. the P. I used to enjoy all this for sometime but. how many long hours of work. entering the office. my heart also started behaving stable and waiting the P. UF ± I was tired bearing the weight for so long and all the time wondered how the P.M. and I did not feel the pangs of his weight on my back. I. This enthused me a little and I started wondering who the new P. In the meantime I was set.cleared from my mind when I noticed that I was placed at the beautiful elegant work table. yes. one. will I be able to serve.M. So. one day. a colleague of mine was also placed in one corner of the office. but what would I understand of it all. I started getting bored with the long drawn out programmes and lengthy discussions. but. and was meant for the visitors who came to see my boss. The Prime Minister had changed. yet there would be
.K. He started his work after settling on me. I overheard some people saying that the P.
¶s sweet tone of discussions makes me forget all the woes of my life. Lal Bahadur Shastri had a humble beginning in life. He was craftsman of compromise. the day came when he entered the P. I am not thrown out of this office. soft spoken and affectionate that. I only pray for myself that. September 10. Days passed on. After some time I don¶t know how much. Yet he rose to the highest position in the country.M. He is never so sweet. his knowledge of international affairs was limited but he knew his country well and understood its problems. my heart goes out to him. Many people had often wondered if Lal Bahadur Shastri could become the Prime minister of India. In his turn also. but had plenty of goodness in him. Everybody wondered how this diminutive man could rise to such eminence. and remained a poor man for about 40 years. but he had read the book of life thoroughly well.M. He did not have a good university education and physically too he was not particularly striking. The routine is still the same but the P. Now he is the person who is using me and the honour of course is all mine. but his life story continues to interest people.M. I am fully enjoying my assignment in the P. he talks in such an affectionate tone to all. He had a technique of his own which
. God it seems heard my prayers and lo! And behold my favourite politician Mr.¶s office. To many he was an enigma. 2008
Lal Bahadur Shastri
About 32 years ago. He was by no chance a scholar. Atal Behari Vajpayee was declared to have become the P. Now since I have such a good master. his sweet soft and loving voice reverberated in the room all the time. Lal Bahadur Shastri.
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Wednesday. He was neither a powerful speaker nor an eminent writer. I see no reason why I should be discarded. as I had heard a lot of good about this one person. It is now only that. He was one of the most astute and non-offending politician in the country.some ray of change I¶m sure. his voice is so soft and deep. Oh how happy that made me.M. he stood near me and for a moment admired my looks. I pray to God that he continues in office for a very very long tenure and I remain here to get the honour and pleasure of his company. I bided for time and prayed that some one nice and loveable would now lend me the honour of being my master. I just love to hear him talk. of India. I was absolutely thrilled and prayed for his well being and long life. the second Prime Minister of India. passed away. If I ever have to part from him. Now the discussions do not seen to bore me as. He lived a life of honesty and service to his countrymen and had become a legend in his own time. and a lasting premiership. I have maintained my gorgeous looks so. on the pretext of being old. Shastri lacked glamour. my seat would be occupied by someone else. and I used to hear that the elections were on and that now.¶s office and came to sit on me and rest on my back. that I love to hear him talk. Now I waited with some hope of a new era in my life. that would be a very bad day in my life.
He and the workers wanted to bring about a change of hearts and donation of land. 1895. he showed unusual poise and strength. Donation of thousands of acres of land by the landlords could never be brought about
. The best thing about him was that he was never in hurry to achieve fame. He was always willing to make sacrifices and never eager to get material gains.
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Acharya Vinoba Bhave
Acharya Vinoba Bhave occupies an important place in the galaxy of the great personalities that have adorned the firmament of India¶s history. He became the Prime Minister of the world¶s biggest democracy when senior leaders were available in the Congress. His life drama ended in a blaze of glory. Seeing his modesty. in Raigarh district in Maharashtra. He was a devoted and dedicated worker. who endeavoured upto the last breath of his life to wipe tears from the eyes of every one of those who have suffered outrageous poverty through centuries. Born on September 11. property.´ He had great sympathy for the lowly and the lost. he traveled over 64. Vinobahji undertook trips to several parts of India on foot to morally motivate the Indian people. Shastri was profoundly meek and proved the Biblical saying that ³the meek shall inherit the earth´. practitioner of the ideals of non-violence and love and goodwill for all. 1982.000 hectares of land from landlords to be distributed among the landless poor. Notable among his achievements was the surrender of 20 ferocious dacoits from the traditionally terror-stricken areas of Bhind and Morena districts of Madhya Pradesh in 1960. ³patience and perseverance which are monumental enough to move mountains. ³No one can wish for a better colleague in any undertaking. During the Quit India Movement. It was not so with Shastri. Shastri did remarkable work. especially the rich.´ Nehru trusted him completely and once said. He was perhaps the last great disciple of mahatma Gandhi. devoted to ideals.000 kilometres on foot and collected more than 80. During the conflict with Pakistan.very few people understood. loyalty. Shastri rose to great eminence by dint of sheer merit. He had great poise and a very strong will. hard work and integrity. village or even life was the outer manifestation of that change Vinobaji¶s greatness lies in the fact that he did bring about that desired change in many. The career of many statesmen in history have ended in failure for one reason or another. He was at the height of his success when he died. A man of the highest integrity. the people did not believe that this tiny figure concealed a lot of determination. a man of conscience and a man of hard work. He tackled difficult problems with understanding and ability. He had. Acharya Bahve launched the Bhoodhan Yojna is 1951. Vinobaki was described by Mahatma Gandhi as ³one of the few pearls in his Sabarmati Ashram.´ This gem of India¶s great spiritual tradition was snatched away from out midst by the cruel hands of death on the auspicious day of Deeapawali November 15. A symbol of service and sacrifice.
Vinobaji regarded the great epic the Bhagwat Gita as his mother. Moral revolution must precede any other revolution if it is to be effective. it is not only my appearance that has been destroyed even my status has been tuned to
. For him.
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Autobiography of a Rupee
I was a beautiful one rupee note. Vinobaji felt like a criminal to posses or consume more than what is absolutely necessary for sustaining life. attractive for the eyes. His mother inculcated great love for Gita in him.by any law. I can myself almost scent the dirty smell that emanates from me. ingeniously framed. He always wore khadi. you would not like to touch me. The Gita taught him that all life is one. He had full faith in the existence of God. she left him in the lap of the mother Gita a happy reconciliation was achieved between Gyan. Ram Rajya could be ushered in India through adoption of khadi. you will understand why this deterioration in my once beautiful appearance. Vinobaji¶s socialism was in spirit different from any brand of the western socialism. Vinobaji made simplicity as the principle of his life. This was not very long back but alas! If you see my condition today. Gandhiji¶s and for that matter Vinobaji¶s socialism could be described by one word µSarvodaya¶ which contemplated the good of every member of the society. When his mother died. He lived a very simple life and gave up all his other worldy desires and ambitions. every existing creature whether an animal or a plant or a human being. howsoever. When you read my life history. Mahatma Gandhiji described Vinobaji as one of the finest pearls in his Sabarmati Ashram. with a lovely touch of blue colour on both my sides. particularly when large number of people in the society do not have enough food. the very existence of God was more than the lamp of light placed before us. Bhakti and Karma in his life. Vinobaji was named the first representative of Mahatma Gandhi in the Civil Disobedience movement in the year 1940. For Vinobaji. I wished it could be possible for me to kiss myself. For him. Vinobha¶s freedom concept was unique in itself. Oh! what has happened to my lovely sleak appearance I do wonder. His Bhoodan movement was an attempt to bring that about. The print on both of sides of me was so neat and clear that. clothing and shelter to survive themselves. He said that equality could be achieved only through ideal simplicity in life. Though he was sent to jail many times yet he didn¶t budge from his determination to serve the country. came in. crunchy crispy to the touch. He was rightly chosen as the µFirst Satyagrahi¶ by Gandhiji in 1941. For Vinobaji. simplicity in life and small scale industries. He advised people to conquer fear in order to be fee. his life was the indication of his message to the people. was the manifestation of God. He told that fear and freedom can never go hand in hand. The reason for this is not far to seek. Bhakti transformed it into Sarvodaya which cannoted good of everyone and not good of a few or some.
we could breathe some air coming in from the hole in the cash box.a non-entity. and 1000s. when
. I remember that wonderful day of 1st April 1996 when I came out of the Government Security Press and was taken to a bank. I was so excited that now. I wished my friends good by and wished them the best of time. It was 22nd of April when the cashier handed over the bundle of Re. I really now hoped I could stay here comfortably for a long time.10. my stay was not too long.1 notes to some man. Here also we had the same fate. when the cashier came and moved about packets of notes from here to there. From this hole air came inside and we all felt fresh as. This place again was a µwait and watch¶ situation.5. Here life would be same slow and drab that each one of us remained waiting to get out in the open. and were kept in an iron safe with scores of other bundles like us. 500s. with us were scores of our elder brothers also stapled together in big numbers of 100s. whose purse. This place was the first one where we were destined to live till our time came to come out and breathe fresh air of the outside environment. it had one hole at the top. However. I felt our time had also come and surely we would be soon relieved to find a new master and a new abode. was very warm and snug. all of us lying as if without life one on top of the other day after day. In this bundle with my 99 companions I was taken by a gentleman to his shop. As I had expected just then. Rs. I would be in possession of this pretty girl. Now I was wondering when I would be relieved when soon enough just then. luck is never on the side of us poor little currency notes. my 99 brothers and a few of our big brothers were all dumped together in this cash box. I remember how we all entered a bank.50 and Rs. we were not alone. Oh! what a fine time we had together and how we all moved together as one group. he opened his not so big a cash box and dumped us inside. at last. Now we were all happy that we would be allowed to stay freely in the open but alas! Here also.100. however a little better as. I wondered how long I would stay here but. Rs. the cashier took out the bundle in which I was packed and took out my 32 companions on top and low and behold I was again left there to bide for time. I was closely stapled with 99 of my companions into a bundle of 100 one rupee notes. We had been lying in wait for our fate ahead and everyday the cashier would remove some of our friends. our elder brothers were notes of Rs. When I was kept in it. when the man entered his shop. I got a feeling of a daulopillo mattress. One fine day. This cash box was. Since I was on the very top of the pack of 67 notes. Life passed on quietly though it was rather boring. add new ones but I and my 99 companions kept lying there wondering when we will be released from this drudgery of life. lady luck smiled at me and I with my other 66 companions was held out to a lady. in the bank we were all dumped in a huge safe thought kept separately in groups according to our denomination. Rs. the sides of her purse were quite soft and cushiny.2. We were all destined to stay in this dark dingy room till we were to be taken out by the cashier of the bank and given to people who cane to take money from the bank. I had so many companions all of use looking smart and handsome.
I felt almost exhausted and out of breath huddled into a small pouch and waited for my next master. I really do no know which master was best and where I enjoyed most. enough to buy my friends 200gms of peanuts while to-day for 200gms of peanuts. I felt that my luck was really out for. This. When the vendor went to a park. I had to stay in that dirty pouch for about a month. This was the last of my journey and here with this man I still lie biding time. One day a young man who looked smart and handsome came to my master and asked him for 1 Kg of peanuts. the customer gave the full amount with Re. I was glad to have got a change of master but this was not for long. only if wishes could be heard. This meant that. I think summers came and the master started sweating and dirty smelling which made life a real hell for me. and tucked me in his vest with other notes and a few coins. I was still further depressed. I was almost suffocated in his pouch for I don¶t know how long. The way he had folded me. I knew that my good days had passed and beautiful looks destroyed for ever. to-day I also realized how weak I was. My long journey of life is now about to finish I wonder when. 1/ to be returned. He folded me into four folds. as I was too dirty and had even developed cracks or wrinkles on my body. now he pulled me out of his pouch and handed me with a few coins to that girl as balance exchange. for one. we will all be returned to the Reserve Bank of India and will be replaced by newer and younger brethren. One day a lovely evening it was. I could not get relief from the dirty smelling pouch and when I realized my worth. However. I had felt would be a nice change but this proved to be the unhappiest moment of my life. with me many of my friends had to given. I felt so insulted and plunged into sorrow now as. from her comfortable purse I was almost immediately stuffed into a dirty pouch tucked into the vendor¶s vest. There. He took me with a few more of my elder brothers and colleagues and handed me over to a man who keeps such old and worn out notes of all denominations. So many people I have met and lived with that. he kept me back in his pouch and gave her another friend of mine who looked cleaner. I alone was of a negligible value. he sat to sell his eatables and a sweet little firl came to him and asked him for 200gms of monkey nuts. The day I started my life two years back I was alone. is. to keep us neatly in their purses
. What will really be done to me and my friends I do not know but what I hear is that. The vendor as me out and but something in return? As time passed. The girl refused to take me from the vendor saying that I was too dirty for her to keep. In this pouch I stayed for a very long time and had given up to my fate which was bad and out. My master could not bear to keep me. Now lady luck smiled at me once again and amy master handed me over to this young man. My humble request to all masters who spend money. Besides this. I felt so unhappy that. This was the last straw on the camel¶s back. Believe me friends.she wanted to buy some monkey nuts she quickly took me out of the neat packet and gave me away to a nut vendor. After having had such a comfortable life in a clean and neat environment I was absolutely out of luck and prayed to God that I get out of this little congested pouch. This was really tragic as my luck had brought me from such neat vistas into an untidy dirty smelling vendor.
our manager came to the workshop and told the man there. It was to give light to all those who entered the park. all of us hundred would stay together in the same park. I remember even the process of my being born i. The truck had hardly moved for a few minutes that it stopped. As it is me and my brethren have no value in these days and you spoil even our appearance. In this also I was very lucky I was placed first at the entry gate of the park. I prayed to God that for one. a great number of my brethren were also being made and we all felt the pain alike. That day.e. the number of days I felt the burns. to make me a whole of this size. Anyway one thing was good that. being moulded into my present shape. I felt the pangs of burns when the mechanic used to weld pieces of me. the home would be good and comfortable and that all my friends would stay with me. Oh! the terrific pain I used to feel when pieces of wrought iron were being moulded into my present shape. Not much time had lapsed when a few labourers came into the workshop and started lifting many of my friends and alas! Soon came my turn also. to load a hundred of us colleagues in a truck standing in front of the workshop.and nor destroy us. It was not me alone. I heard the instructions and wondered as to what would be in store for me. I was a merry individual. Soon I was fixed at my post. When again I had to bear some pain but. This hurts us. so. Having got both my prayers heard I thanked God and now looked forward to my place of posting and the assignment. we knew that we would have to bid adeau to our other friends. My assignment was also pleasing. just at the entry. The experiences I have had are manifold. When the count of 100 stopped. A long long time back. unhappy trendy adventures I have had are enough to write an autobiography of my life. an admixture of happy.
Posted by Ashok at 7:30 AM 4 comments Labels: Biographies and Autobiographies
Autobiography of a lamp post in a park
I remember that. Days passed by in this miserable life till one fine morning we realized that life was on the threshold of a major change. once I was fixed. I would be able to forget all my pains and burns only if I got a good home. My body was being burnt day in and day out at the welding machine for I don¶t know how long.
. We would all wonder when we would get out of this hell. some went to an unknown destination. You know I count like you all do. we would sit together in the workshop and discuss our tragic lives. I really can¶t tell but I only remember the painful agony I had to face for a long time till this shape came. I am glad to tell you friends that both my prayers were heard and out new home was a beautiful park. a long time back I was fixed in the beautiful park. and also that. and we were told that our home had come. We feel neglected when we become worn out and dirty. At night when the process of burning our bodies would stop. I did wonder what my new home would be like and said to myself that.
Why on earth do teachers frighten the young. I have been here now for quite a few years. it did not take any time for me to understand that they had run away from a school nearby. nor can I call anyone for action. It was day time and I wondered how they could come at this time. beautifully maintained with lots of light given to visitors by me and my other lamp post friends. Just imagine my plight when things are done in front of me and neither can I object or act. Coloured lights emanate from each of these fountains and make the atmosphere beautiful and cool. It gave me immense pleasure to see them talk to each other in words mixed as if with sugar. when one day a few children came and sat on the bench near me. Let me now acquaint you with the part I am posted in. My place of posting was first too good but I was rather at a distance was well compensated by the company I got from people who sat under my light. Is it a holiday or have they cut their classes? I became alert to listen to their conversation as. one fine day I saw two people sitting on the bench and fighting like dogs over a big bundle. These children sat there aimlessly. an inanimate object felt sad for the little ones what has happened to the human heart. This is because I see men all the day. I had hardly got over the shock of this exasperating experience that. They took a round of the park and finally came and sat on the bench near me. sweetness and
. I don¶t really know how many but. My experiences are numerous but those that I think I can never forget. They must have robbed some place and took shelter in the park to distribute the booty. there is. specially in the summer months are a great solace to me as I stand in and going out of the park. A huge park. One day just a few days ago I was so pleased to see a young loving couple having come to the park. This was another experience which destroyed my image of a man. the name of the park is Kalindi Kunj. When they spoke to each other I went into raptures over them. loving fighting and what not. The best experience of my life was. I could recognize all the people who entered the park and behold. I would like to know how and why they were here at this time of the day. When I heard their conversation my assessment was that. beautiful fountains are a great attraction. This incident gave me a shock of my life and I wondered where humanity was going.The place was such that I could see all the passerby on the road. I pitied the people they must have robbed and hoped that I could have the voice to call the police. I wondered what that bundle could be but soon I realized that there was a lot of money and jewellery in that bundle and they were fighting for the distribution of the spoils. Oh! there was a shiver in my spine when I saw the lot of wealth they had in front of them. Has he become so brutal so cruel and so selfish? These two incidents lie so heavy on my mind that I can never forget either of them. However. I shall narrate to you in brief. The evening. My friends. Even I. chatted for an hour and a half I think and went away. This I felt was some consolation to the tearing and breaking world. I was so happy to see that there still is some love. which is believed to be the store home of love. I have had a lot of experience of main and his ways. they had cut class because they were frightened of their teacher. could befriend all those who sat on the bench under my light. I must say some solace also in this world of man. convening. don¶t they know that children should be taught with love and not scolding. In the evening.
For this catastrophe the poor man that I was.goodness existing in the world. this is one quality of man that I appreciate and find it fading by and by with the passage of time. which are worthy of remembering. I have a wife and two children what can I give them nothing except a few morsels of food. to give me. by begging. I do pray I can find some more love among human beings as. Within a twinkle of an eye I could see my pucca home being changed into dust. I stand here and pray for man to become as good as he was meant to be. Daily I used to sit here for about ten hours and then go to rest on the street with my wife and children. I am sure after a few years I will get old and rusted and will be thrown away from this beautiful environment. out of nowhere I was converted from a respectable poor man into a beggar. if I would send my son. It occurred to me that. Let me see what all is in store for me. I had no time to ask my wife but the temptation was too great. absolutely nothing to fill the gap of poverty and so the only way I could fulfil the basic requirements of my family was. I was also a happy man living comfortably with my wife and children in a small one room apartment in the neighbourhood of Delhi. People do come in and go out daily and I keep standing here as if on watch to all their activities. I knew no job or rather. I was at the temple with my son. My routine life was drab and dull till one day lady luck smiled at me. I do wonder what they saw in us that.
Posted by Ashok at 7:29 AM 0 comments Labels: Biographies and Autobiographies
Autobiography of a beggar/street dweller
Today I am roaming the streets of Delhi and known as a beggar and a street dweller. These are just a few experiences I have had in the park. I would have one person less to feed and
. My imagination came to be true that at the Hanuman Mandir I would be assured of at least a minimum daily and that it turned out to be. What I do not like about them is that most of them talk as if they are constantly fighting and I begin to wonder where is that sweet tongue that God gifted to man? I stand here healthy till now but. My daily routine is to sit as a beggar in front of the Hanuman Temple near Connaught Place. I do manage to take out a bare subsistence for my family. I would say I could do no job except driving a cycle rickshaw so. This place I choose for my work because here. some people cam with huge machines and other paraphernalia and broke my little house to pieces. I felt that some food or income is assured. I was thrown on the road to look for an alternative and what I found myself worthy of. I earned my living as a rickshaw puller and was quite satisfied with life and what it had. One fine gentleman had come to the temple with his wife and daughter. I was content with the little I had but even that was grudged by people of this land and one find day I do not know why. Life was not always like this for me. for one thing. I had absolutely nothing. they asked me if I could send my son with them to work in their family. Believe me dear friends. was not prepared and. was just begging.
it is just an existence because we cannot help living. That day was a fateful day for me.
. This time the sahib asked me for my daughter. Though I did not want to part with her. for. Demand of fate urged me to send the child. Mother Teresa
Mother Teresa a name known throughout the world and one that will stay as an outstanding name in the annals of the history of the world. Let us just pause to think why the Mother decided to make the headquarters of her activities in India. A frail looking foreigner did so much for India and of course for the world. the Mother must have thought that no country could offer her the platform of work as much as India could. viewing her future I gave her also to the Sahib. she settled here. I was more intelligent and took the Sahib¶s address so that whenever I would like to meet my children could go. At the spur of the moment. My son got urged me to send the child. poverty of such a magnitude that. Let¶s accept whatever we get that is all that can be done. 2008
St. so many of my brethren rot here and their children follow suit. could not produce one Mother like Teresa. This is the country where the population is so large and. My eyes could not believe what they saw. crores Indians in this massive sub ± continent. inspite of being a beggar myself at least I could settle my children for a better life. my sick wife was cured as if by magic. and so.secondly he would have a good comfortable life. the same gentleman came to me with my son. I thought nothing and gave instructions to my son to go with that gentleman. My tragedy knew no bounds. she must have realized that. the child had become so sweet within fifteen days of stay with the Sahib. Anyway that is in our fate we must remember. I feel that. We met the boy and seeing him. she decided to settle in India as it was this place where shoe could always find work of social upliftment. When we see others enjoying this same gift of life we feel so depressed and do wonder why we have had to face this life of neglect and insult. This time. ³beggars cannot be choosers´.
Posted by Ashok at 7:27 AM 0 comments Labels: Biographies and Autobiographies
Tuesday. God is really great. how would I ever know how my son was being kept and what he was being taught. While she belonged to a far off country of Bulgaria. However. We thank God that at least HE thought of the future of our children. the scope of service lies maximum in India ± so we owe the gratitude to her for first deciding to stay here. now how could I get my son back. for. September 9. that people of the world are indebted to her for all time to come. one day when we were fuming about the lost son. and thus be available to us for her service ± and secondly of course for her immense service to the Indian humanity. So my children are settled but me and my wife still beg for alms and manage a sustenance. That day was a fateful day for me. Sometimes I do wonder how. My son got a home to stay but the pangs of separation could not be borne by my wife who fell ill. This reason appears to me quite real for. I fretted and cried but what could be done. My heart beat fast for.
she conquered. or not to work. the Mother worked for the popularity she got. This is just putting the cart before the horse. we do not have to do anything for that. it seems today just hanker for a name and posters with our names. but. who has kept the flag of service to humanity high. and the name and the appreciation will come by itself. If our goals are clear. for we first want to be appreciated. The simplicity of Mother Teresa was also exemplary. if we deserve it. the haphazard work yields little or no results. we have to set our goals of service like Mother Teresa did. Popularity does not come just for nothing. without any wars. The greatness and pedestal acquired by the Mother goes a long way to enlighten the world to the fact that. It is not that. for being remembered. What most of us do is that. a sprawling empire or the highest of education. This is why she was able to achieve so much. Photographs and clippings. not so blind as to not see work done by her individual. So I daresay that. we must remember that. This in turn points to another fact that. in today¶s world of show even a plain and simple person can also make a mark if there is some more to his/her credit.and we had to take the services of a puny little lady from a far off land of Bulgaria. In this context. for us. and then we may consider to work. even to-day in the world of shine and dazzle the simple can also make a mark on the sands of time. by a sheer dint of service. and is bent upon working. The Charishma of service. it just comes.. be known. she had to recruit no armies to conquer. Mother Teresa is thus an exemplary model of service to humanity. The world is even now at this point of depravity. which goes to show to us that. name and fame come. one has to work genuinely with one¶s heart and soul. be awarded and then work may or may not follow. Mother Teresa is one person in the 20th century. one does not have to be a king or a queen or a scientist or a leader of some sort. She had to fight no wars. she will forever find a place in the pages of Indian History too. the outward show of dress and body hardly matter if the person is of some stuff. work should be our first priority. The simple unimposing little woman could achieve all the name and all the fame and glory of an empress by sheer service to humanity. for. she worked. We. or. to achieve the popularity of mother Teresa. we work without a clear cut plan and so. These achievers are also proved to be the most popular leaders as the works of the Mother have proved.
. she rightly deserved. selflessly. and thus it never moves. the world saw it and she got the popularity. she is an ideal model. trailing behind. such was the work she did that. We must work first. work becomes easier and well defined and easier to follow. Her service to humanity will for all time go into the annals of History of the world and. and the name and pedestal for people who serve at the highest rung of the hierarchy of achievers. even to-day is apparently greater than all the charishma of a high and mighty inheritance. her service conquered what no great conquerer could have ever done. the work she put in got her the world wide popularity automatically. If good work is done people are usually apt to overlook the appearance. for entering into History books. If we work with our heart and soul. and she did it. In this regard also. she knew what exactly she wanted to do.
when I heard someone¶s footsteps coming towards us. and how I was being praised by all and sundry for my very good looks. in Delhi. and it was
. all of us twenty were meant to be kept in the same office. It is a real wonder that. they would have produced from within. Soon we all heard a person. with thick laid cushions on the seat and the back. My heart felt pit a pat. would not need a Bulgarian nun or any other foreigner to help them. I am very sure that my friends also felt the same way due to the uncertainty of luck hanging on our heads. I remember the day I was completed. we were all after all so beautiful and comfortable. and that. plain and simple like several others of my clan ± very very comfortable. None of us knew where we would be taken but. This was a lot of excitement for all of us as at least I knew that the Secretariat was the office from where the Government functioned.If these few qualities of Mother Teresa could be followed by a few. That day two hundred of us were turned out of the factory. This was the building where all the offices of the Government were housed. We started saying adieu to each other knowing that we never see each other ever again. but dears. trucks were standing to take us away from this place. and see what happens. the country that has produced so many great men. and believe that each one of us looked glamorous and just beautiful. so many religious leaders. keeping us all wondering what our luck had in store for us. it is sure. Let us emulate her. so many social reformers but failed to produce a like of Mother Teresa in the whole Century ± the 20th Century. pit a pat. and Lo! Just then were all of us loaded in the trucks looked alike. It seemed that I was one of the most beautiful chairs manufactured in one single factory. I knew not where my fate would take me. plenty of hands to serve humanity. the generation to come. At least that was my condition and I am sure my friends also felt the same. somewhere within me is an inlaid layer of thorns which continue to prick the person sitting on my seat. All of us were placed outside the factory to be transported to our respective destinations. Now I think all of us started conjecturing that. I heard someone telling another that we were all to be taken to the Secretariat. Our journey started and. This excitement was justified for we were very lucky and why not. We were all puffed up with glee and felt very proud of ourselves as it was clear now that we would all be placed in sophisticated and plush offices of senior officers of the Government of India. Now my heart came into my mouth as. In the midst of all excitement we waited in the sun for quite a long time. someone senior coming towards us and announcing aloud to someone else that we had now to be transported to the Secretariat. hardly had we settled in the truck that the truck stopped. could be inculcated in a few.
Posted by Ashok at 9:36 AM 0 comments Labels: Biographies and Autobiographies
An Autobiography of the Prime Misnister's Chair
I am a chair. Soon the loading started and perhapse about twenty of us were loaded together in one truck. The thorns keep reminding the occupier of the seat of his immense responsibilities and still more immense hurdles to fulfilling these very responsibilities.
I would not understand anything of what was being discussed. and many such other questions now troubled me. Now. will I just be put in his office to seat his guests? This doubt was soon cleared from my mind when I noticed that I was placed at the beautiful elegant work table. dusted and was now ready to receive the Prime minister. The Prime Minister had changed. Gujral. Here I was not alone.K. my pleasure no knew no bounds as. I now lost track of all the others as I was deeply engrossed in my happiness as. I. how many and how long the discussions and. I started getting bored with the long drawn out programmes and lengthy discussions. is now likely to change. and after sometime only.M. He praised me to his staff members and sat on me. This became my routine. and the peons were waiting to remove us from the truck. my heart also started behaving stable and waiting the P. one.M. He started his work after settling on me. to come and sit on me. I was the alone chosen one who would have the honour of seating the Prime Minister of India on me. and I did not feel the pangs of his weight on my back. Oh! I felt so tired bearing the weight of the P. I overheard some people saying that the P. how many long hours of work. one again our movement started and we were to be carried to our respective places of posting. Aha. I had hardly taken the rumour in. but what would I understand of it all. I did of course have the pleasure of seeing the innermost details of the functioning of the Government. Not for long did I have to wait when he entered the office. I heard people saying that I had to be taken to the office of the Prime Minister in the South Block of the Secretariat. I used to enjoy all this for sometime but.M. Deve Gowda. and remained there for very long to settle tasks set for him. So. He was. that I would get very tired as. was lighter. Deve Gowda. In my moments of desperation. one day. Oh! how much of paper work. In the meantime I was set.M. but. I did wonder what had happened to Mr. I was at the same time sorry for my plight of not being able to understand anything of all that transpired. one fine morning I saw a new P. Now that I was settled. the routine of my life remained unchanged. This boredom was because of two reasons. will I be able to serve. I would start getting bored. found me very cosy and comfortable. This time I was thrilled. My heart pounded within me will I be able to give comfort. and was meant for the visitors who came to see my boss. for so many long hours. could sit for so long. or. and we would be allotted different locations depending on out looks. UF ± I was tired bearing the weight for so long and all the time wondered how the P. Aha! It was so soon we reached our destination in so short a time. I will henceforth be seating the Prime Minister of India. the P. and we would count in our final placements. When this was my plight of boredom. Who was? I think he was Mr. perhapse Mr. I was very delicate and secondly. I would start thinking of my other friends who must surely be having less time
.announced by the driver that the South Block had come. and lo! he was as though struck by my immaculate beauty and personality. I only quietly welcomed the new P.M. when it became a very long series of discussions. Now was the time for the final reckoning. entering the office. The same long drawn out discussions. same debates and of course the same long working hours. as. as. a colleague of mine was also placed in one corner of the office.M.M.
and I used to hear that the elections were on and that now. and now I have forgotten those days of torture and
. and a lasting premiership. inspite of the boredom I was happy that I was among the few honoured from y community. soft spoken and affectionate that. yes. and even less weight on their backs. he talks in such an affectionate tone to all. my heart goes out to him.of toil and labour. Now since I have such a good master. the day came when he entered the P. once again there was a talk of a change in the Prime Minister. This enthused me a little and I started wondering who the new P. Then I thought to myself. I see no reason why I should be discarded. my life has not always been so comfortable.¶s sweet tone of discussions makes me forget all the woes of my life. I have maintained my gorgeous looks so. After some time I don¶t know how much. Now I waited with some hope of a new era in my life. Life went on as usual and I had nothing new to feel or do when soon enough one fine day I heard some murmur that.M. was burnt and screws were unkindly fitted into me. was hit hard. I remember those days when I was put to hard labour. they are having less work to do but where do they have the singular honour of being used by the P.M. would be. he stood near me and for a moment admired my looks. In his turn also. Atal Behari Vajpayee was declared to have become the P. The routine is still the same but the P.¶s office. If I ever have to part from him. yet there would be some ray of change I¶m sure. Now the discussions do not seen to bore me as. I bided for time and prayed that some one nice and loveable would now lend me the honour of being my master. I am fully enjoying my assignment in the P. My life would remain the same though. of India? This thought gave me immense satisfaction and I decided to just neglect the smaller woes of life. I just love to hear him talk. on the pretext of being old. as I had heard a lot of good about this one person.M. that I love to hear him talk. I am a hospital bed in one of the best hospitals of Delhi but.
Posted by Ashok at 9:31 AM 0 comments Labels: Biographies and Autobiographies
Autobiography of a Hospital Bed
Today. I only pray for myself that. I pray to God that he continues in office for a very very long tenure and I remain here to get the honour and pleasure of his company. his voice is so soft and deep. that would be a very bad day in my life. I am not thrown out of this office.M. He is never so sweet. Days passed on. It is only after being fixed here in this 5 ± star Hospital. I think that I have got some respite. It is now only that.¶s office and came to sit on me and rest on my back. In those days life was just a tale of misery for me. yes.M. his sweet soft and loving voice reverberated in the room all the time. the Apollo Hospital.M. This zest kept me happy for sometime and. God it seems heard my prayers and lo! And behold my favourite politician Mr. my seat would be occupied by someone else. Oh how happy that made me. I was absolutely thrilled and prayed for his well being and long life. of India. Now he is the person who is using me and the honour of course is all mine.
He also had with him long thin looking things. there were six others who looked like labourers. that. Now. sure enough I would be taken to some Hi-Fi place I felt. for. there would be no point in sulking. Anyway. I was now taken to some sort of a storehouse. When the blacksmith¶s work was over.
. Oh! What a torture I had to undergo at the hands of blacksmith. while at others I was being kept flexible. where I was dumped with others of my type. As I was just enjoying a few moments of relief I noticed a man coming with a hammer and a wrench and so many other tools which I did not recognize. who came in with him for. Now I was getting absolutely suffocated here and prayed that I would be removed from here. at that stage.hurt. and fixing different size nails in my body. and behold within a few days this was finaily over. and there was still more to it. At that time I just could not understand what was being made of me. Evidently. My legs were first made. His touch was so very soothing and cool. and I waited very long to know what would be finally made of me. I remember the days when my body was being moulded into this shape. for within a day or two it might have been. The painter started his work immediately. I really enjoyed being painted. I heard him telling someone that I was ready. one gentleman who was very well dressed came in with the storehouse keeper. One fine morning. and instructed a craftsman to paint us all white. I only knew that all these parts belonged to me as. Another thing that I felt happy about was. and he started having blows at me. I became so beautiful. But no. the sahib selected two hundred of us. and I realized that all my brethren had also has the same fate as me. the blacksmith kept on measuring each part of my body and tried to fit one part were all to be mine. obviously picking some of us. that I myself could not believe my eyes. I was so happy that I had been selected for a facelift. this was the only person who had handled me with love. and had not hit me all the time. the work of the welder started. Just as I had got used to this storehouse. The burns he inflicted on me gave me immense pain. and now. I made a few friends there. which are perhapse nails. I seethed with pain all over again. I wondered when it would all be over. My heart missed a beat. at some places I was becoming stiff and hard. With this gentleman. now I thought the days of punishment were over. He put burns on different parts of my body to join the parts of my body to join the parts. that. All the parts to my body were made separately. I saw many more of my colleagues being dumped in the same store. after a few days stay there in the dark and dingy store. He worked on my body for some time and to give me some shape. we were all made for a purpose and something had to be done to all of us but what ± was my worry. I was wrong. After working on me for a long time now. Now it was his turn. I wondered what would happen to me next. I could not understand what shape he was giving to my body. and behold. and wondered what would be in store for me. at least now I would not get bored. then the body and lastly the back. There were a lot of my colleagues in this place so. I was quite a bit amazed and relaxed too as. as I would have company of my equals. and started taking life as it was. My prayers did not take long in being heard. Now after a fast scrutiny of all of us.
I was a hospital bed. Their conversation also gave me to understand that. What I came to know was that. I would be so very lonely. This was. there would be no laughing jolly human being to make me feel entertained. we would all be transported somewhere. this would be my home till I lived. becoming a necessary companion of the elite of the town. nice talk. which make it clear that. I had by now understood that. whether we would stay together or not was my next worry. now only the rich gentry would be giving me company. Such a lovely night passed by as though in a moment. this is Delhi¶s best hospital. once those pains come to an felt very comfortable. I only remember the one thing that was common to all. this would be. I knew that. while man continues to be in pain all through his life. I was finally placed in my room and now I knew that. I came to know that this is the Apollo Hospital.m when the door of the store opened and behold the moment had come for us to bid goodbye to each other and wish each other good luck. gave rest to their nerves for two or three days. I have lost count of all the patients that have come and gone from here in the last year but. This thought did make me happy but just wait and think that only the sick would be my companions from where would I get happiness. Now was the moment of real separation. It was just a day long respite for me.Now that I and another few of my brethren were painted. and old ones too. with no friends to discuss daily problems. there has been to ease. I was rather puffed up with delight as. we all knew that we were in the same place but could not converse with each other. He gets involved in so many kinds of sicknesses
. All this has taught me a fact of human life and I am convinced that. and since the long one year I have been here. I with ten of my companions were unloaded from the truck and taken inside the hospital. any way. The place did give me some pleasure but. there is a lot of affliction among the humans which are worse than me. man keeps on an on suffering throughout life. It was hardly 9a. only the very rich can afford to get treatment here. this would be our last night together. All the patients who came here. Here only I heard some people talking. That night I really enjoyed exchanging interesting experiences with my friends. and half my body was straight for the patient to lie. and worse than all. How my luck had changed from being in the hands of poor dirty workers to. and the other half of my body was kept flexible. Soon my truck stopped in front of a hospital and. that . We were left in the storehouse once again for the night but. and of course the expenditure in the treatment. and each one of us was taken to a different room. and lay in waiting to see what was in store for me. There have been very young patients. I had to resign to fate. this is a very expensive hospital and that. I have had a lot of torture and pain in the process of my production. We were all loaded in number of trucks and were moved to an unknown destination. Hearing this. cheers and start living in the present. to allow for the patient to rest his neck and head at an angle that would make him feel comfortable. Oh! how sad it was that. but. so we all had a long overnight chat. and soon I could see the sun rising from the roof of the storehouse. we all knew that. I was put in an independent room in the first storey of the hospital. got themselves checked and went away. the discussion all had about the beautiful room.
all the patients who were allotted to rest on me. First kind of pollution is easily understood but second type of pollution certainly requires more elaboration to understand. I remember. got alright and went home. similar environmental pollution hazards have occurred such as in Chernobyl in Russia. God. and Oh! God. So far. When the collapsed on my back. industries. We all know that although more than a decade has elapsed but no worthwhile measures have been taken so far to remove the grievances of thousands of affected people. various nursing homes and the general public. I felt the pangs of the pain of the family. I wonder. what wailing and shouting started and now. 2008
Environment Pollution ± Impact and Remedies
There are two types of environment ± related pollution. Eire Lake in the United States
. I so not even remember the names of the diseases I heard of in the last one year. why do you punish man like this Iwondered. What must have been the condition of his family. I felt great pain as. in some ways. patient. Sometimes I even get the awkward feeling that we. Doctors I heard. what happened. the patient just took one. life has shown just one tragedy to me. The second type of environment pollution is the result of the nature of the law and other problems arising from the environmental deterioration. I felt the pain of his coughing. When I will never forger the incident then what will happen to people who have passed through the tragedy. September 10. the patient who rested on me was a T. and it made me feel very sad and depressed. his breathlessness and the high fever he continued to have. and I keep praying for his health and happiness. help man. I do wonder why God gives so much of pain to a man. just day before yesterday. Saying this I keep my fingers crossed now.B. In other parts of the world also. never to do this again at least on me bed. how he expired I just could understood. telling him that he was getting cured then. His family was coming daily and were being told that he was recovering and. I have been very lucky that. inanimate objects are. a week back the doctors has even said that he would be relieved soon. and he suffered a lot. is my only prayer. and Oh! his family was so excited and now. better off than man. municipal authorities. The first type of pollution arises due to violation of the environmental laws by business houses. while groaning on me. I prayed for his relief but. God had a different plan and just yesterday he died. and I do wonder how many more of such unhappy moments are in store for me. When the family came in. all within my aching heart. This pain of sickness and that torture of death is just unbearable. whenever a patient comes to sleep on my back.that. two three hiccups and collapsed. However. the finest species of living beings made by God. This incident has been my first in the last one year. I can only pray to god that I never again experience such a sad day ever again Wednesday. hospitals. Soon the doctor and the family decided to take the body to their home. Oh God. This has been a very sad experience for me and it will hospital. I pray to you. and I paid good-bye homage to him. mercury poisoning in Japan. This can be best understood from the tragedy of gas leakage at Bhopal.
On environmental pollution. Many factors such as industrialization and increasing population are responsible for this poor ecosystem resulting in an era of food scarcity. acquitter depletion over ± fishing. These are towards construction of big dams. In this regard.Brown in his latest report entitled ³The Agricultural Link : How Environmental Deterioration Could Disrupt Economic Progress´ has brought out one of the most interesting phenomenon. there is an acute shortage of water in major food producing areas including many parts of India like in Punjab which is considered as the Bread Basket of India. These conflicts are between the tribal population and the local government.becoming dead and so on. Laster R. It may happen that they would come on streets due to hazards of environment pollution. According to this report. there are many areas of conflict in our country. the handling of which
. food prospects are affected by all global trends of environmental degradation including deforestation. mining and quarring activities. In one of the judgements. the Supreme Court of India directed that all industries located in particular industrial zones in Delhi and about seven hundred tanneries in the State of Tamil Nadu to set up common effluent treatment plants. Due to massive overpumping. The wheat prices have gone up more than fifty percent over the last three years. the hospitals and various municipal bodies should be asked to install incineration plants for management of toxic wastes in their respective areas. But what needs to be appreciated is that they have until now more serious consequences from the angle of criminal offenses in poor countries like India. acquiring of forest areas. soilerosion. All such issues are required to be solved with due considerations to the culture and tradition of the local population and the local environmental related problems. We should not forget the great µChipko¶ movement which was started by Chandra Prasad Bhatt in 1973 to save the trees and it clearly depicted the strength of the local population. many High Courts in India and even the Supereme Court of India have recently came out with many judgements towards reducing the impacts of environment pollution and thereby stop environmental degradation. The increase in the environment pollution has adversely affected the growth in food production during the present decade the world over wherein India is also no exception. Further the Court has also banned all construction activities within a zone of 500 meters of sea beaches to safeguard the fragile ecosystem of our decaying beaches and thereby save the earth from warming up further due to environment related pollution. import of toxic wastes and several urban environmental issues. The doubling of the food grain prices would not affect the rich class but what about the majority of the population of India which is considered below the poverty line. There is a need to search for remedies to reduce the impact of effects of such environment pollution. electricity power plants. air pollution and loss of plant and animal species. Otherwise social tensions are bound to increase. The most recent is the air pollution disaster of unprecedented magnitude in South ± East Asia caused by a combination of drought and the deliberate burning of forests in Indonesia. building up of greenhouse gases. Further.
wood. Also the corrupt and inefficient people related to enforcement of environment pollution control and who give clearance for industrial projects without really foreseeing the implications on environment. water. The realization must dawn upon the people. Those committing environmental offenses should not only be heavily fined but also sent to prison in case of serious violation.mostly affect the poor.. We must do something serious to control our rapid population growth to save our worsening ecology. should be punished and kept away from such duties. for increasing general awareness about the hazards of environmental pollution and to involve the general public in this mission. A lot of concern is being expressed about the worsening environment such as massive air pollution. spreading of slums in many cities. Actually in India. There exists a strong linkage between environment and population.. But the real thing to be noted is. Finally. effluent from the production. exhausts from modes of transportation etc. And this is the most important cause of majority of environmental problems in the present days and in coming times. the higher will be the impact on the environment. the existing environmental laws need to be made more stringent. The greater the population. The rate at which population of major cities like Delhi is increasing is really alarming. whether all these remedies are followed to check the pollution. Non-implementation of any orders in this regard from the authorities or judiciary should be viewed as a contempt of court and more & more harsh actions must be taken. hardly we find any ecologist who is trying to co-relate the above problems of worsening environment with the massive and rapid increase in population of most of cities of India. The measures to be taken as a remedy for control of environment pollution are many. All these adversely affect the environment from these disastrous effects. The Central Pollution Control Board and State Pollution Control Boards should be provided with more powers so that they can enforce the environment laws to reduce pollution effectively. Neither any private nor any government agency has come out in this regard. we are not taking the strong linkage between population and environment seriously. shortage in portable water. oxygen etc. energy. and wastes like garbage. In fact. There are two ways in which humans affect the environment: they consume resources like food. Every environmental problem is caused by the everyday increasing human population and its increasing level of consumption. fast increase in lung diseases. the ecologist and the government that
. The rate is almost 5 percent per year which means almost doubling of population in fifteen to twenty years.
Posted by Ashok at 7:38 AM 4 comments Labels: Environment Essays
Environment and Population
Population plays a great role in effecting the environment of a city or a country as a whole. But. are produced. undisposed heaps of garbage. crash programmes must be started and organized at various levels. decrease in level of ground water and ailments effecting eyes.
And this is true for most of the cities and villages in India. The second group thinks on Gandhi an philosophy that.
Posted by Ashok at 7:37 AM 0 comments
. The number of tubewells in the country has increased from about a thousand in 1947 to more than 3 lakhs in 1969 and to about 60 lakhs in 1997. The availability of renewable fresh water per capita in India fell from around six thousand cubic metres per year in 1947 to around 2300 cubic metres by the year 1997. there are two groups of environmentalists in India. Surely it is just not the level of affluence of an average person the environment but also the number of people that matters. However. Hence the population growth is the real cause of our country¶s ecological problems and we should bear in mind that environment cannot be saved from decay if rapid population growth is not checked.It is true that better site management will help to some extent. There are some experts who think that the ultimate factor limiting the growth of development will be water. It is important to realize that the impact of population on environment is a function of the number of people multiplied by the effect of the average person. The main cause of this water pollution is increased population. All plans and strategies to check deteriorating ecology will prove to be futile of. the levels of industrialization and consumerisation in India are quite low and hence are not the cause of environmental problems. both these groups fail to link the relation between the population and the environment. In general. not supported by an effective population control programme. whereas. First group follows the Western thoughts that the ecological problems can be solved by technological measures irrespective of the lifestyle of people and level of consumption. Over exploitation of ground water is emerging as increasingly serious problem in many places. All of us India except perhaps those living in the North ± Eastern States are fully aware of the growing water scarcity for both drinking and irrigation. The low per capital rate of consumption in a country with high population density as in India could be as dangerous for the global ecology as the high per capita rate of consumption in the western countries where the population density is comparatively low. the people in the developed countries are reluctant or even not accepting to lower their level of overconsumption. The massive of pollution of water bodies is a major water problem in countries like India.every city environment cannot be saved from decay if its rapid population growth is not checked. It is merely a coincidence that the environmental concern has come before that of the over-population. but the impending water famine cannot be averted for long if the rate of increase of population is not controlled. It is a matter of great importance that we in India are doing our best to solve the problems of population increase. The first group does not realize that unlike in the West. the cause of environmental decay is the consequence of not following the Gandhian model of simple living and cottage industries. The average standard of living in India is one of the lowest in the world but irresponsible use of technology or deployment of obsolete or faulty technology in India is partly contributing to our environmental degradation.
Now. Most commonly we are found to be discussing the pollution of the air. The air is polluted by the smoke emanating from thousand of vehicles plying the roads daily. The pollution is the gift of all modernities. this is quite correct but. As per the dictionary meaning of the word. they blow horns just because the horns are there. Yes. the more mechanically we move and thus the more chances there are of spread of the dragon of pollution. It seems that the drivers of these vehicles are just adept at creating noise with the horns in their control. The faster we move. pollution means the destroying of the purity or sanctity of a particular thing. On ever so many platforms we hear ever so many people talking about this ogre of Pollution. Each one of us is contributing to the dirtying of. in all aspects of life. in all colonies and all public places. Pray. not a single day passes without this being the topic touched by all papers and all magazines. To make a thing foul or filthy is what pollution is all about. These noises in different areas of the town are simply deafening. Another novel method of spreading pollution at least here in India is by making mountains of rubbish get accumulated at all crossroads. Now then. For example it is amazing why people blow their horns. let us remember the industries were not established within the precincts of the townships but it was the towns that kept on spreading their wings to the areas of the industries. a rich gift of modernization in movement. it will not be at all fair to ask the industries to be removed. I think in this regard we must first clearly understand what is meant by the word pollution. So much is being talked about it that. The air pollution has same how been brought under control by converting petrol/diesel driven vehicles in CNG run vehicles.
.Labels: Environment Essays
Pollution has become the hallmark of the present day discussions. and their thousands of workers. Noises emanating machines of small industries. The cause for this is obviously the manifold growth in our transport system. in the colonies and elsewhere. it is also said that. We have learnt to keep ourselves clean and shining but friends who will come to clean our neighbourhood? We obviously seem to feel that we owe no responsibility towards our environment. it is the industries that are responsible for polluting the air. It would be quite wonder when we Indians would really learn the art of keeping clean. when the light is red. stamping machines and from the horns of vehicles which give out gases is a double attack on the public. lathe machines. The noise created by loud speakers is no less on the roads. Where were our town planners when the township continued to expand without any control? It is the town planners who need to be ticked for this and not the owners of industries. Besides the air pollution in the cities another hazard is noise pollution. where do they expect the vehicles in front of them to go when the light is red? Shocking are our attitudes which bely any norms of decency and discipline. and polluting of our environment.
no well meaning speakers. but it is rather astonishing that. when we learn. This again is the gift of modernization and Westernisation. it is here that the mothers and women at large can play a vital role. philosophers and rulers is now a filthy conglomeration of criminals and adulterists. or are we just changing because the particular style is of the West. I am sure great as the country and its people are. This Westernisation. all this in the name of progress. and as we stand to-day. Id deal with this facet of the Indian scenario as. It is never to be surmised that. We must try to understand very clearly that. nation that changes beyond recognition does not deserve to be called a nation at all. August 28. It is never to be suggested that. from anyone but. takes its birth in the homes. without an iota of what can be truly called Indian. and pointed at us. Let us ponder about it and try to maintain both progress and a clean ethical and moral mind. we have never on any platform discussed about the pollution of our thinking and mental attitudes. I really do wonder if there can be no progress. we find ourselves at the threshold of absolute pollution of our thinking processes. no modernization without this pollution of the thinking processes. which are blatantly giving way to a lop-sided Westernisation of the Indian. We must absorb whatever good we can. behaviour and thinking that. if we are allowed to get further polluted. It is now high time that we consider mending our ways for. India is losing her high ideals of thought and behaviour. where we teach our children may be unwittingly. The Indian is fast getting merged with the filth around him. Once we care to sort out. We are becoming just filthy in our attitudes.So much for physical pollution. we will realize that everything that we are adopting in our lives is not really very necessary for our growth. 2008
Tradition is the hallmark of nation
The multi-problem scenario in every sphere is looming large on the Indian horizon and to add we can all see the fast deterioration and crumbling down of the age old traditions of India. and behaviourial norms. Sure enough they were instrinsic to our very existence. However in our zest for
. Our assets of values have always stood us in good stead and have always stood the test of time. Instead. hursday. we must sort out whether what is Indian truly needs a change for our betterment. we must also imbibe in the children the culture and traditions that are Indian. This country which was once the abode of great thinkers. we CAN DO IT. It is for the women as mothers and teachers to inculcate Indian values in the next generation as. writers and thinkers of to-day have not yet spelt out anything on this aspect of pollution. a complete annihilation of the original and true Indian is not far to seek. we learn nothing from others. when we inculcate habits and styles that are Western. It is for us to see that. as being. we surely need a cleansing spree for this also. In the garb of the so called progress. all that is of the West. most of what we are adopting and have adopted is hitting a deadly blow to our originality and our age-old culture. Is this not the pollution of the mind? I do wonder why. a country apart from the common rut. in doing so we must not lose our identity. these were our assets. we must abstain from learning from outsiders but.
Westernisation we have completely lost ground, and have surely changed beyond all norms, so much so that, we have lost our identity in the world of culture. Let us remember that, when we copy the West in without a thought of its necessity, we are behaving like slaves. For it is only slaves who have nothing of their own, and all that they own is borrowed or given in charity. We have to uphold the traditions of this ancient land stop it from completer Westernisation. If we do not stop this plague at this crucial juncture, we will be the losers as, it is we who will find ourselves misfit in the changed Western scenario. We must learn from wherever we can, but never lose our identity as, ³East is East and West is West and never the twain shall meet´. We should therefore, work hard in maintaining our traditions, as tradition is the hallmark of a flourishing nation. All good things are acquired with fatigue.
Posted by Ashok at 11:02 AM 0 comments Labels: Political Essays
Panchayati Raj was a pious dream of our great leader Mahatma Gandhi who wanted to strengthen the democracy at the grassroots level by this system. In our country, senventy percent of the population is in rural areas. As such, amidst widespread diversity and various problems, the main attention of our country is to focus on rural planning development. Thus it has become important to implement Panchayati Raj with full vigour and dedication to prepare ourselves to face the challenges of the 21st century. Our country is spread in a vast area and it is not easy to solve the various problems being encountered by rural people. This gives rise to the need of participation by rural folks on priority basis. For this reason, Gandhiji wanted to keep the base of the ladder of growth in the rural areas and make it reach the centre through gradual process of development. So he proclaimed that India must follow the system of self-government functioning through Panchayats. His slogan of ³Gram Swaraj´ was most remarkable and accepted by all Indians. Everybody realized that all problems whether administrative, social, political or economical can be solved by our own participation through panchayat Raj. As a first step in direction of Panchayat Raj, composite basic development was entrusted to the rural bodies by introduction of Community Development Programmes. This step gave rise to a network of panchayats spread almost all over the country. However, it could not help its evolution because of its functioning on the directions from the top. Then in 1956, an official committee was set up by the government of India to examine the problems related to implementation of Panchayati Raj. This committee was headed by Shri. BalwanRaj Mehta who recommended in its report the introduction of three-tier system for self-government at the grassroots levels. It also recommended transfer of more responsibility and power to these bodies. Hence, the recommendation of the Mehta Committee led to inauguration of the Panchayati Raj at Nagaur in Rajasthan on October 2, 1959. this was a great tribute on the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.
During the tenure of Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehur, various institutions were thus established which were assigned various tasks related to administrative, political and other development activities. However, with the arrival of the regime of Smt. Indira Gandhi, other schemes relevant to ³Garibi Hatao´ started prevailing. There wer few incentives to promote Panchayati Raj due to superiority given to bureaucrats. In 1978, the Ashok Mehta Committee submitted a report in which it observed that the institutions set up to promote Panchayati Raj had failed to pass the fruits of democracy to the rural sections of the society. It gave recommendations to set up Zila Parishads and Mandal Samitis at village levels inter-linked through a two-tier mechanism of Panchayat Samitis. Panchayat Raj was given constitutional legitimacy in 1993 by ratifying various state legislatures by the President of India. It provided reservation for Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and women and devolution of financial and administrative powers. Gram Sabha was laid as the foundation of the Panchayat Raj System to perform functions entrusted to it by State legislature. All village Panchayats were assured a five ± year tem with elections mandatory after this period of five years. However, Panchayati Raj system cannot be called as a real decentralization of powers and authority since, it only takes away certain powers of states and gives them in turn to Panchayats. In fact, it is a took to bypass the State Governments. That is why it came under criticsm and got no support from State Government. Therefore, to make Panchayat Raj successful, real land reforms are needed. The development of rural people is of utmost importance to improve the condition of weaker sections of our society. Today Panchayati Raj is suffering due to lack of basic reforms in socio-economic structure. With the creation of Panchayati Raj, various filthy and divisive processes have percolated to the village level. If all such minus points of Panchayati Raj are taken care, we will see that its merits may outnumber its drawbacks. Desire of self ± governance assumes greater significance in rural population. The relevance of Panchayati Raj is being appreciated because of growing individualism and desire of self-rule and its role among the rural masses at all levels on account of increased awareness and spread of education.
Posted by Ashok at 11:01 AM 0 comments Labels: Political Essays
India has many races, nationalities, castes, subscastes and communities but so far the hear of India is concerned it is one. It is true that societies that have been integrated into bonds of unity have always enjoyed peace, stability, prosperity and permanence. And those torn by mutual distruptive tendencies among various sections of the society have always been short lived and become non- existent. The national integration is the process of uniting different people from all walks of life into a single whole. The most serious problem being faced by India in present circumstances is, how to develop an atmosphere of national consciousness among so varied a people.
Indians already have suffered for long periods, the pangs of enslavement and servitude. It is India in the whole world which has to suffer under foreign rulers for more than seven hundred years. The separatist tendencies among people and kings have always resulted in the fall of our kingdoms. Our country was always divided into large number of small kingdoms which were mostly at daggers end. There has been a lack of national consciousness. The internal disputes among the Rajput kings allowed Muslim invaders to establish their foothold here. Then the Britishers were able to create rifts between various kings and princes and thus established their supremacy. It was only overthrown when Indian nationhood joined together by unparalled acumen of some great Indian leaders who became creators of history. There is a need to make efforts for creating emotional integration or a sense of unity. The need of the hour is national integration. It should be taught at the very beginning, in all schools and colleges all over the country that India is one and only one. The difference between various cultures are just superficial and basically it is only one. What is needed is superior interpretations, synthesis of the power of the mind that can give rise to a vision of the whole and oneness. The school and college teaching material should be suitably revised wherein importance and need of oneness should be emphasised. From one end of the country to the other end, regular long distance tours must be conducted so as to foster emotional integration among the young students of our country. Steps must be taken to see that, there are no sectional appeals so that disunity among the people does not increase manifold. To bring about national integration, there are many techniques. It can be forced out, or can be made to strengthen from within the core of hearts. The result by way of exercise of power would always be weak, unsuccessful and it would be for a temporary phase only. But when the sense of national integration stems from within, it would be strong stable and ever-lasting. British government brought about national integration by way of their needs. For the first time during the British rule, the whole of India came to be governed from one centre and all regions of the country from West to East and South to North obeyed instructions and advice from the central power. This was because the God of freedom was the same and realized all over the country. The national unity became more emotional when the country fought a united struggle for freedom. Emotional integration is the basic foundation on which the main structure of national integration can be created. There is a rich cultural heritage in India. All of us are inheritors to several grand treasurers in the fields of music, dance, drama, fine arts and paintings, sculpture and theatre. Our seers and sages have left behind a tradition of piety, penance, conquest of passion and spiritual greatness. Our cultural unity is further exemplified by the great temples of the South, the caves of Khajuraho and Ajanta and Ellora which are glittering examples of proficiency of India in the field of architecture and sculpture. India classical music is built on the concept of ragas and talas. Each raga is regarded appropriage to a certain emotion, a certain mood suitable for a specified time of the day or night. In the modern times, people
the scramble for numbers in a hung Parliament is generating political promiscuity where the lust for power will drive scores of members of parliament into new liasions again and again. and even its primal impulse and the Indian scene now demands a culture of coalition. As on date one party has lost its dynamics. It is an occasion that we must now think for a close scrutiny of the dialectic of desertions and darknesses that makes nonsense of not only the electoral code and ethics but also of the spirit of our constitution. Under such an atmosphere. This can be described as the politics of utter shamelessness. Today the intellectuals of Indian society can give the right direction as the country is standing at the crossroads of failures and achievements. There is a new political turn to the play of politics with the requirements of the times. The intellectuals must come out of their narrow cells of detachment and awake up to their responsibilities towards the general masses. We will carry with us. double deals. It is the black consciousness which creates the nexus between power and evil. Most political parties. It would promote political profligacy and promiscuity. Of course. wild ambitions and treachery has emerged. we will prosper and flourish and dominate the others who are characterized by divisive forces. a phenomenonal growth of black money is seen which is the result of the dead consciousness. the darkness and the plague spots are kept hidden so as to be out of the public vision those evil practices and policies which the other party in power had converted into an electoral art. are offered a feast of half-truths and equivocal dreams as also a whole plate of platitudes and rationalizations. As a result. A perverse kind of transparency in the politics of manipulation. solidity and solidarity and an element of cohesiveness which will impart to us further permanence and stay in present struggling world.
Posted by Ashok at 11:00 AM 1 comments Labels: Political Essays
Indian Politics Today
Today the Indian political culture has touched a new low and the struggle for power has assumed an ugly aspect. the politics involves worsening of the human sensibility and moral erosion cannot be avoided except in those rare cases where a visionary leadership helps slow down the process of prosperity and integrity of the country. Those who are bent upon capturing power at the centre would not stop at nothing and moreover. Through national integration. a power and strength.like Pandit Ravi Shanker have taken the Indian music to great heights in the whole world and thus have bridged the gap between the East and the West in the field of music. Undoubtedly. In the recent years. new alignments and misalliances and turn ± abouts. the innocent people before they go to vote. manage to deviate into a show authenticity with rhetoric and a suitable agenda to extract the best out the particular occasion. would drop all the fig-leaves of the earlier postures and pretenses. there are daily splits. As such. Under such circumstances. despite their track record of corruption and skull duggery. strong rules under the constitution are needed to stop coalition
If time and again such scenarios emerge and precipitate a similar crisis. then the only way out is a change in the constitution towards establishing a strong but accountable presidency. academicians. it is a matter for the political pundits to ponder upon. The people are divided between those who stand for nationalism and those who advocate regionalism. even one man outfits. retreats and repression on a massive scale. Aided by a class of penpushers and professional theorists. there is a single issue how to grab power. it is also called true federalism where regional parties. They are proclaiming faith in pragmatism which is a philosophy to bypass the question of ends and means and concentrate on the practical side of things. an era of colitions in which ideologists and one party governments have no place. And that is precisely where the nation¶s intelligentsia. writers and the media persons come in to play their respective roles. in case accountable presidencies come to be established in our country. Now is the time of crying need of honest polarization.
Posted by Ashok at 10:59 AM 0 comments Labels: Political Essays
Democracy in India
. But cost meanwhile could be very high in terms of an interregnum of regressions. Though corporate consciousness asserts its power in the end and it seldom creates a state of vigilant opinion on its own. They should get into the strenuous mood and face the ordeals of labouring spirit. In fact. between those who propagate casteism and those who don¶t. Instead of polarization on these extremely vital issues. If the chaos that is cooking now and threatens to overwhelm our polity is to be avoided the low type of pragmatism has to be countered well in time. Real deals are needed and not the theories of dreams to run the present governments. It is true that in the end. Moral principles and parliamentary codes are a luxury for the political parties these days and they can forego all this in the face of hard realities. The inherent energies of the people and their instinctive longing for the justice and equality would do the rest. They have to create the nation¶s new consciousness. this is unfolding of a great new era. Also the people seem to be divided between those who want economic emancipation for the masses and those who wish economy for the MNC. But the expression in relation to politics has acquired a certain kind of acceptability. between those who want to change India into a strong Nuclear force and those who want to knowtow to the West. must rule over one thousand million people. the Indian culture and heritage would prevail over every type of circumstances. It may not be forgotten how the Gandhi dynasty has been shown the door twice in a most crushing manner.governments from turning into a circus of political dissolutions. And intelligentia (serious about the matter) have to see that they do not follow the easy going route to power but honour their own known credentials. The politicians and parties have brought about a fraudulent philosophy.
the citizens must have the freedom of information and access to that information. Every public call office must provide access to the data with the government both at the Centre and in the states freely. If Indian democracy has to be really on these lines we have to build the National Information Infrastructure. Firstly. As an inevitable consequence of rise of political parties as the key to electoral systems. Instead of spending such huge amounts without any effective results. Starting from the appointment of the teachers and their transfers to the required places of interest. the citizens must be educated and literate to understand the politics so the government is really effective. In a democratic country like India. the government must be transparent.Democracy in India. nothing happens unless there is a political will. In this way. the funds will be better utilized and there will also be a direct link between efforts for the removal of unemployment and illiteracy. despite the recent temporary setback on the currency fron. Parliamentary democracy all over the world has become largely Prime ministerial systems of governance and are in effect quasi presidential. unemployment is a national problem and to the extent we are able to provide avenues for removing unemployment. All this would be best to establish a good democracy in India. The Indian democracy will get organized only under two circumstances. and also. The second situation is when there is a perceived and immediate advantage in terms of electoral gains. We need to focus on the spread of the primary education for all the masses living in remote areas of the country. it is evident that in many states. The government must think definitely at this point. We find that even though attractive salaries are given to the primary school teachers. according to Abraham Lincoln. we have a government of the people and by the people but it is not for the people. it will be a politically popular vote gathering measure. For a full ± fledged democracy in India. In India.t education is the key. many of the single teacher schools are not at all effective in creating interest in people towards need of education. it is seen that there is a close linkage between the local politicians and vested interests. But in today¶s scenario. Education is the route for a variable democracy as well as the economic development of the country. A nation which is half illiterate cannot face the challenges of the 21st century. They are prepared to pay even higher fees for the same. It is seen that under the various employment generation and poverty alleviation schemes like Prime Minister¶s Rojgar Yojana and the Integrated Rural Development Programme. there are reports that even the poor parents want their children to go to public school and study. thousands of lakhs of rupees are being spent. is measured as a two ± thirds democracy only. And lastly. After all. The first one is if there is acrisis. the educated youth can become teachers and give tuitions to the poor masses in the villages and they can be given the same amount available under various schemes. the focus of real power has shifted from parliament to the cabinet
. But to achieve this meaningfully and also the type of growth rates the Asian Tigers achieved. At the same time. Secondly. there are three things need. all this data must be available in Indian languages. Prime ministers now tend to be a great deal more than first among equals. primary education and perhaps the secondary education too is highly politiczed.
the hitherto blind electorate had begun thinking and reflecting. it just can¶t as. that. The Bhartiya Janta Party has come to power but. the electorate had now come of age. and.P. with clipped wings and tainted eyes. after fifty years of that great event. it has been endeavoured to find functionally better democratic federal balance without impairing the one nation concept. The constitution of India was based on that sense of one nation. till now. the tragedy of this welcome turn of events was that. The long spell of fifty years has brought this political party to such a low level of degradation. This ouster is. the Indian National Congress. in the year 1998.
Posted by Ashok at 10:53 AM 2 comments Labels: Political Essays
Indian Political Scenario
India was declared a Sovereign free State in the year 1950. the greatest contribution of our struggle for independence was to give India a strong political and democratic sense of nationhood. and. That is why the preamble of the constitution speaks of ³We the people of India´ with a singular solidarity. on the one side an indication of the disgust people harbour for the party. The year 1998 presented a spectacular change in the political scenario of the country by outsing the erstwhile century old single political party of the country. all matters get dissolved
.J. The institution of the prime minister and his or her election by the majority in the lok sabha is an institutional expression of that concept. on the other hand.and from the cabinet to the Prime Minister. the electorate could not wisely turn out one single party to replace the Congress. It came with so many partners in action that. Historically. that is why Union Parliament was meant to be the grand inquest of the nation. this reality could not be hidden from the electorate any further. the very entity of the Government gets lost. This in turn meant that. expects its own µpound of flesh¶. Over the years. No matter how much the B. it has to wait for 18 nods (24 nods at preserved) and in this only. that is why the lok sabha and the rajya sabha are based on demographic proportions and not on the basis that the India union is some confederal alliance of states. there can never be a genuine consensus on anything or any point. it is indicative of the public¶s estimation of the achievements of the party. Each party is. in this effort. This has led to an unprecedented and absolute mess in the political arena of the country. and its functioning becomes problematic. That is why the distribution of powers between the states and the centre tends to learn decisively in favour of the Centre. However. India would be in such a dilapidated political shape as it was. the patriots who had struggled for this event could. never have visulaised that. may want to undo the evils of yesteryears but. This of course was a good symptom which showed that. Today bureaucracy has wielded real power behind what may be called the cloak of cabinet dictatorship. Freedom of inter-state commerce throughout India and freedom of movement and residence anywhere in India is the hallmark of our common citizenship. and.
then. Coalitions can work only among people with an understanding for each other. If we keep on experimenting with Coalitions. It is thus. what can the ruling party be expected to do except just try to justify its actions and try to maintain the chair. character and conduct. With this situation. So. India will be a body without a head for. The present politicians all. people who are interested in letting the Government work. how to pull the carpet from under the feet of the ruling party. The various scenes at the Parliament and the State Assemblies show how very immature and childish our politician still is. To ± day. and the opposition ogling with their ugly eyes at the working of the B. the country is too large. out of all practicality for India to have a successful Coalition Government through. Coalition has come to stay. looking for flaws in their fabric. but still it exist. Besides this. at the present juncture a very strict dictatorship. a mess deal has come to stay. at present.P. lack these qualities. Thus the present scenario of the Government is rather chaotic and pathetic with everyone. yes everyone seems to be intent upon dislodging the Government. the position as it stands in 1998. or puts up
. the day is not far to seek when. It is said µHealthy¶. The best Government for India. the Opposition is always opposing. why not in India? To these protagonists of Coalition Governments it is said that. targets are varied. we will be living in a µFool¶s Paradise¶ if we except the modern politician to do anything worthwhile for the public which has gifted them this office of service and respect. each politician has his own axe to grind so. and above all. in turn brings out a blurred picture of the B. yes all. then how can a Government of this kind ever be expected to deliver the goods to the public. of the three Cs. as. the partners. provided the dictator is a man of the three Cs ± caliber. will be. till now after the latest election is that. we will not allow any head to function. It is no wonder that strong steps just can not be taken in any sphere. and commitments unclear. specially the Congress who has of governance for so long just can not imagine and adjust to the idea of being on the other side of the fence. because. But all these qualities essentials for an efficient Coalition are lacking among our Indian politicians. to sit in harmony and deliver the goods. an alternative would be a healthy Bi-Party system. but it means that. It is true that there are many countries where Coalition Governments are a reality but. which has given the country a little bit of a change from the monotony of the fifty years of Congress.J. heads there are many but. a dictatorship is not a viable proposition for India and it is not destined to work. How can we expect politicians worse that street urchins. yes. when views differ. The politician is not interested in any work but is always found to be using all his energies in how to defame the working party.P. all his energies and time are continuously being used in these nefarious activities. Thus if we can be concluded that. for one. as. and is so. and I dare to say that. This. the scene is of no more than confusion and no one is getting the time to do what they are meant to be doing. only to contradict whatever the Government does.J.and lost. It is wonderful that people when they vouchsafe that. all without the qualities of heads and hearts. Thus. among people who are disciplined and educated. Everyone. busy trying to malign the Government. and the now 24 partners are looking for advantages only.
with the right to do what we like. positive and result oriented rather than just destructive or negative. if this continues for any more length of time. and they seem to feel that they just have to oppose. This is a fractured attitude towards the Government. what can be clearly seen is that. is the work of the Opposition. and can be seen very clearly. and. If this can be considered by the people who matter then. They are taking upon themselves a queer mantle of a shrouded dictatorship rather than selfless service to the poor nations. The five
. to me this appears to be quite a misnomer in the present day world scenario. True it is that today. the elder brothers are not helping the youngones without a sheen of dictatorship. In the last if one say Govt exists. However. and only brings to light what the Government might have missed. and that is all. but in principle. Is it not true that the United Nations Organisation was instituted to see that the world continues to have peace and the smaller and weaker countries get their share of prosperity with the help of the richer brethren? Yes the purpose was magnanimous and t a very great extent has also served the purpose ever since the inception of the United Nations. As far as I can see. and a good Opposition can be effective only if it is friendly with the Government. they are the best and the maximum number of law breakers. The shape and the system of domination may have changed. they would turn in their graves and wonder why they did so much for such an underserving people. is it true in reality or not is a thing to be looked into. With a singular motto displacing the Government. the 1998. This is because of the simple reason that man is essentially dominating and his desire to dominate others who are less priviledged shall never diminish. all countries of the world can bask in the sunshine of freedom and liberty. It seems that our politicians are taking the meaning of the word opposition in its verbal sense. The political scenario to-day is thus one of utter disgust and chaos bad behaviour with a blend of corruption is the summary of the present scene. the desire remains. till now political scenario is very dismal. perhapse India may have a chance of getting out of the woods.
Posted by Ashok at 10:51 AM 0 comments Labels: Political Essays
A Novel Dictatorship
It is believed by all and sundry that dictatorship is a thing of the past and now. most of the countries have a democratic form of Government thus alleging the presumption of the principle of µlive and let live¶ motto however. and in its womb is hidden the ultimate collapse of the fabric of independent India. all the parties are working. Discussions must be friendly. Let us analyse how truly and really we are living in a free world. it exists at least in India as the hung Government (of many nods) still continueing. If the freedom fighters of the yesteryears were to see this unhappy scene. However. Only with such a healthy Opposition can there be a meaningful rapport between the Government and the Opposition. the law makers will have no face to make laws ± as.to them.
and who will not be allowed to live. It is ugly because it thrives under the garb of a flourishing democracy. the moment it tries to flap its wings to take a flight. It is they who decide what has to be done. punishing the smaller brother by imposing upon it sanctions.e. Are n¶t they exponents of a limited democracy? The very fact that in the days of a mature democracy. such are the monarchs that they even decide who will be killed and when. who is to be exonerated of all his punishments. Where is the much espoused slogan of equality. Is this any less than any dictatorship? Rather it the ugliest form of dictatorship. Thus we see that. Is this not a sort of dictatorship in the garb of patronizing? The latest example of this unique dictatorship is the annoyance of the United States our eldest brother who showed very sharp reactions to India¶s nuclear tests at Pokhran. does it not sound odd that a country that itself has huge dumps of nuclear arsenals is resenting to India¶s minor nuclear test. are n¶t all the politicians of the last two decades virtually dictators? They dictate the very channel of working of the Government. back home let us take a bird¶s eye view of the so called ± democracy in the garb of a limited dictatorship in the country. a following can be understood only in the face of the gun. This is the so-called democracy in some of our states. For one thing. i. but in state where there is no prosperity. Is this not more or less. the wings are clipped? By this behaviour of the rich countries the very Charter of the United Nations is being flouted. and it is the choice of the masses that rule the country ± the largest democracy of the world. where are equal opportunities for all countries. What was her regime? Was it any less or any better than any dictatorship? And it finally did end in an emergency. a country is helped in every way but. having such a massive following without any prosperity to their credit. and worse so. they dictate the very election of the politicians of their choice at gunpoint. if a lot has been done for the masses. Jayalalitha. So much so they dictate the very essence of life. and the like proclaimed by the said charter? So much for the dictatorship on the world scenario. Besides. it thus appears that India is not even free enough to look to its own safety as best as it feels. who is to be punished. Let us take the days of the late Prime Minister Mrs. Is this not dictatorship that. However. who will prosper and who will not be allowed to come out of abject poverty. though we are shouting from the pulpits that we are emerging as a free democratic world. is indicative of the seeds of dictatorship within the framework of a democracy. a dictatorship of a novel kind? The elder brother seems to forget that the best way of teaching the young is by putting an example and not punishing.permanent members of the Executive seem to wield all the power of the activities of the world. Glaring examples of such peculiarly ± veiled dictatorships are not difficult to find. The following can be there.
. Indira Gandhi. There is no obvious dictator. but the shadowed presence of a peculiar dictatorship can be sensed in every act of the country and the world. What are the rulers like Laloo Prasad Yadav or Ms. If need arises. they are the ones who decide who will live.
in the process. It is from history the Britishers have learnt the imperialism cannot continue for ever. Is this not a contribution of history? Does this not make the study of history important for us? The one single subject that had contributed so immensely to the constant and continuous growth of civilization is the history. True history is a chronological list of events. here comes the wisdom imparted by this lone subject. No subject of any significance is without a history. how could we know to the present uses of the wheel. It is the study of history that makes the modern world shudder to think of another nuclear holocaust. no other subject that is studied ever can be without its history. how would the present situation f castes come into being. and we do not commit the same mistakes and get the same results? So. So we can say that the very essence of man¶s progress is based on history and its study. If the Hindu religion did not have the division of castes. This subject has such a large perspective of things that. The evolution of man itself is based on history. Most people hold the view that history is just a list of events that have occurred and put only in a chronological order. religion has a history. The memory of Nagasaki and Hiroshima is still fresh in the minds of the world and so the fear of repetition of this keeps us aware and cautious. as people. if we study it only as that we are missing on it and we are not giving the subject its correct status. In this regard we must remember that we are not only studying what they did but. If man had not discovered that fire can be produced by rubbing two stones. Man learnt from his mistakes. If the ancient man would not have produced the wheel. and continued to progress. as a community. how would we know about our past. But. to keep it safe and strong. Science has a history.Posted by Ashok at 10:48 AM 0 comments Labels: Political Essays
Lessons we learn from history
History is one subject in the galaxy of subjects that teaches its readers not only the subject. It is from history that Indians have learnt that we have to remain united to keep the country one single unit. his experiences. then how can we say that history is trash. but also a lot of wisdom. how would the theory of creating of fire come into being. Is this very little an advantage of study of the subject that. and why? It has often been said that. Another plea for not studying this drab subject is when people say history is just what passed away people have done. as a country. It is only after the study of history that we can assess the mistakes of the preceding generations. history repeats itself. we are trying to understand what mistakes have they committed. the shortcomings of his ancestors. of the History of evolution had not been confined into history books. If we had not studied all these facts
. and how would we maintain the tempo of development and progress. This means that if we repeat the same mistakes we will reach the same disasters. his progress and most of his scientific and technological developments are all the results of man¶s history. we realize the mistakes of our ancestors. and if we had not read these books. technological development has a history.
it is much more than just that. and so also how would we have been able to assess how and why we a have become a third world country as we are today? Again. to the highly sophisticated creation of God that he is today? How would we ever know about our own India¶s rich cultural heritage. If we continue to learn from our history we shall never make the same mistakes again ± and that would be quite a step forward. insight and wisdom. and then continue on our path of progress. It is only through the study of history that we come to know about the social. These biographies teach us the qualities of great men which we can emulate and try to be achievers. This single subject makes such an enormous contribution that it will not behave any of us to talk of it in a jocular tone. This one subject teaches us to become human and of course. as the history of any subject is taught before starting the study of the subject itself. Gautam Buddha and Mahavira. Thus.written in our history books. all this because of our study of history. we learnt how much we can achieve if we stand united and have flare for nationalism. Is this not enough of a gift to the world. History! Besides gaining knowledge. It may be said that history is the mother of all other subjects. We learn from history how love for mankind made saints of Vivekanand. of the world. it also teaches us how to behave in our day-to-day lives. The greatest lesson that history has taught us Indians is the lesson we learnt from our struggle for independence. we learn how to follow their footsteps and try to achieve at least a semeblence of their greatness. this subject teafches us wisdom of life and teaches causes and effects of different actions. how would we ever be able to assess how much man has progressed from the animal he was. if we feel the need. it is the alma mater of all other subjects. The differences of culture in different parts of the world are also brought to our knowledge by the history of the world. the indisciplined forces of India surrendered to them. Like science. and become a more and more disciplined and cultured force. this single subject which often faces the ± ridicule of students and elders provides us with a sea of knowledge. on
. Besides the big lessons that we learn from History. We learn from history how.e. political and educational systems of the world. only a chronology of events. and how at the same time and venue. i. and we can adapt them to our country. Science gives formulae for progress of elements and history gives us formulae of success. our reservoir of knowledge would have been much less. and should not be considered as. It is this subject that gives us the understanding of all countries that we can assess our position vis ± a vis others. we humans will certainly continue to forge ahead. of just one single subject? If there would not have been this subject. man¶s desire to dominate others result in the ultimate break up of the British Empire in India. We learn how with their service to India through missionaries. the British could steadily spread their wings through the length and breadth of India. If we learn from History. When we study the biographies of great men. We learn how discipline helped the forces of Alexander the Great to overcome Indians. history also gives us formulae. and we would not have been so well aware of the results of certain actions. It also teaches what the finer feelings of love and service can do for man.
the Constitution very clearly states what religious education means. why does it celebrate
. why in the name of Diwali. all religions must get an equal status in a country. However. As far as the general knowledge about the word is that. Of a particular sect´. It teaches us what actions are likely to have what reactions. and that. In the last fifty years of India¶s Independent existence. Finally there is a provision in the Constitution regarding attending religious institutions. Our Constitution states very clearly its secular perception of religion ± Art ± 25 says that. This. ³Besides this. ³no religious instructions should be provided in any educational institutions. the music from housetops of the secular nature of the State has been loud and clear. wholly maintained out of State funds. Even as the Constitution is very clear on the subject regarding its secular nature ± the Government of the last fifty years have made an absolute and complete mess of the tenets of the Constitution. ³However. When the Government has not to do anything with any religion. There can be grand celebrations at Rashtrapati Bhavan. enough to play havoc. what makes it an issue in India.
Posted by Ashok at 10:47 AM 0 comments Labels: Political Essays
Secularism in India
What is Secularism. teaching the philosophy of Gur Nanak or Vivekanand cannot be considered as religious instruction. A secular state is one that has no state religion. It brings to light our rich heritage and also teaches us how the other countries are progressing. and the State may regulate it in the interests of public order. The tenets have not been strictly followed yet. It teaches us to be good humans. For instance. and what is a secular State? As far as India is concerned. Art ± 28 says that. So we can say that history is a great teacher. it is not understood why do Governmental authorities encourage or rather involve themselves in functions that pertain to any religion. this right to religious freedom is subject to certain restrictions. ³all persons are equally entitled to the freedom of conscience and the right freely to profess practice and propagate religion. it seems that these definitions are even not much clear to the Government itself. or. the rituals ««««. When the Government is not to consider any religion. the Government is not being truly loyal to the tenets of the Constitution. is the misinterpretation of Secularism in India. but. without any interference from the State. morality and health. it is trying to maintain the enigma that secularism is. what the Government wants it to be. our leaders heading Government has made a mess of the very essence and message of Secularism.slight it. Religious instruction is what ³is imparted for inculcating the tenets. this right to religious freedom has been subjected to norms of social reforms. there should be no differentiation on the single basis of religion. The important point to be noted here is that. Id or Christmas? Even in this. This is to be an absolutely personal affair of each individual in the country. and all religions are allowed to develop in their own way. in a nutshell should mean that the State has nothing to do with religion.
which is supposed to be taboo for the Government. and that also on Government account. The programme as visualized. all others also follow suit. in the same breath. the framers of the Indian Constitution made these reservations for that section of our society which had been long neglected and disparaged. The politicians for their own political gains have been. This was done so. in India at least. the same tool ± religion is used to place the politician in a comfortable position. and appreciate. Wherever possible this religion is used to concoct issues to the benefit of the people who matter. It has left the common man wondering what the magic word of Secular really implies. On the one hand there is a loud talk of being secular and on the other. one single generation would be turned out in fifteen years and would become capable of joining the others and forging a march ahead. The system has been misused by one and all. May be some of these institutions and not State aided but. So. In reality. dissension. Religion which should not at all be the concern of the Government.. The purpose was well thought of and in all fairness. improve their status and enter into the mainstream of the country¶s developmental works. through these years pampering a few minor religious sects. just for the betterment of each one¶s fancy. it
. and that also ironically in the name of religion only. originally the only ones who were given this reservation. and that too for fifteen years. and in all Madrasas Islamic tenets are taught.religious festivals in the Government premises. The basic idea was undoubtedly superb as. meant to build up to a certain level those sections of the Indian society which had hitherto been left uncared for. it was in all good intent. this was originally to be fixed for only the first fifteen years of independence. Art ± 25 is openly flouted and the professing propagating of any religion is not taken cognizance of. as it should be. when some are doing it. The cajoling of the minorities on the very basis of religion has completely destroyed the political fabric of the country. Besides. a tool and a convenient handmaid of the politician just to be used for his political gains. When India got its freedom from the British yoke in 1947. in all missionary schools Christianity is taught. The Scheduled Tribes and Scheduled Castes were. what shape it has taken in the last fifty years is for all of us to see. debate and bitterness. Art ± 28 is again flouted as.
Posted by Ashok at 10:45 AM 1 comments Labels: Political Essays
Wednesday. Thus. was rather good. has been the main plank on which the previous Governments have survived. the biggest hassle created about religion in India is by the politician and the Government itself. has become a major issue of discussion. It was for this specific period only because. secularism in India has been very conveniently distorted to suit and benefit the politician in his game. in order to enable the downtrodden. August 27. but. with the expectation that. Secularism is a farce. 2008
Reservation for a certain section of society in independent India.
There are about than 50% or more of seats reserved everywhere for these classes. we should never want any reservation for ourselves. After employment he should not be given any other facility and should be left to raise his family on his soldiers it self. if reservations keep rising at this pace no body knows. Being of a reserved category should give a normal being a feeling of being someone less than others.. as we see it today. and where will all this end up. This policy in its present shape must be scrapped altogether. and beyond that. in our present day scenario. It will a wonder if this system is really going to help us raise our standards in any sphere at all. A series of backward classes have now been included to be termed as the OBCs. However. They should be allowed to grow with the others. Any lenience to them in the marking schedule etc. with several more sections joining the bandwagon of the privileged reservationists. Why a minister¶s. as. we seem to take pride and feel privileged when we are among the reserved class. it seems we take pride in being one of a reserved category. in every feasible sphere. or will this become just a tool in the hands of a few. it is leading to more of heart burning than any progress of the backward classes. Most of the time we see that. The reservation has been fitted only few families of any weaker section and not the mass in general. in this process the
. much too negative a prospect to be of any utility at this point of time. However. Reservations have come up in educational institutions. and not allowed any lenience in their passing. it appears as though the policy has come to stay for ever and its extension is also as though unlimited. Reservation should not be based on caste colour or creed as it is now. The only plausible basis for reservations should be economic status of an individual.was expected that. is it not charity that we want to progress upon? If we are a self respecting community. and are really interested. destroys the basic standards of our education. to forward their own interests. why should they have any further advantage over the others. Those who cannot afford to be educated in Institutions of repute. chief minister¶s or Deputy Commissioner¶s sam be treated as poor and be given reservation once he is able to raise his family of its own. and the latest category include in the list is of women. in parliament. as has been upto this juncture. Only economic backwardness should be the yardstick for anything like reservation. once they have the same educational background as all others. It is creating more and more confusion on the planning side and more cracks are seen to appear among different sections of society. one generation would be helped to rise in this period. the standard of our workers. and not allowed any lenience in their passing. but. no one knows how long. in jobs. and. Is reservation something we should hanker for. By this policy what we are in reality achieving is. in state assemblies. where will the so-called advantaged majority go. which shows an absolute lack of self respect in us Indians. the policy of reservation has been completely changed in the span of the last fifty years. for. The reservation must be restricted to provide education to some state and give employment to one only one. should be allowed entry free in order to encourage them to follow their educational pursuits. There has been unlimited extension of the policy for.
for which the policy was originally meant. and all at par so no reservations are required. instead of doing away with the class evil. he will have no qualms about favouritism etc. Let us peep into ourselves and find out whether we really love our country. they do not have to make any effort. They begin to feel that. This has been done just to serve their own ends and not to serve the backward classes. Once when a person gets what he deserves. all the cream of our children coming out of educational institutions are going out of the country. their¶s are the reserved seats so. we mean to measure our love for our country. Of course money they get outside is one aspect for going out. It has often been seen that. On the work front also. creeds and then they should all enter the job hunting spree on their merit. So. the policy has become as if a convenient cash crop for the politicians in the last five decades. This puts in the mids of these good students a hatred for these classes. only for those who are economically weak. if at all it has to be maintained indefinitely. the good students do not really get in India what they truly deserve. the system is making the demarcation still deeper. Like any other policy of India. and not based on any other criteria. but another important criteria for this is a feeling of frustration among them while in India. for. as time has passed. Regarding this policy. It gives a sense of frustration to the upper classes and at the same time. and help them rise to any worth while levels. and this not wrongly so. the education has to be spread even to the poorest of the poor and this education of the best quality must be provided to all free of cost to all people of all castes.brilliant children of the upper classes get stranded in their pursuits of education or job hunting because the vacancies are reserved for only the Scheduled Castes or Scheduled Tribes. it should be reservations only for the economically backward. for. this has also become a sham and deceit throughout. In this way. Each state that makes up
. Besides. The policy was very well meaning in its original setting but. There should be no reservations for anyone at all in jobs. an unwanted boost in the aspirations of the Scheduled Classes. This can and is very detrimental in our achievement of quality. For this system. when all have had the same education. reservations should be only for education and that also.
Posted by Ashok at 3:35 AM 0 comments Labels: Political Essays
Are we National?
When we talk of being national. the work bound to suffer. when we put in less capable people just because the job is reserved for them. they are all equally capable to enter any competition in the open job market. This is because. The reservation has therefore become more of a hoax and a vote catching device rather than serving as a booster to the lower sections of society. in several places. Only if merit is the only criteria we can aspire to get the best quality of individuals getting the best. the reservation policy is helping to widen the gap between the two classes instead of bridging it. the obviously less worthy are placed higher than them due to the very reservation policy.
This is what love for one¶s country is all about. But.the country. Each integral state. and. in the process made their own country richer with our riches but. and create the congeniality and economy here. and then went back home. belongs to India and has no significance of its own. It is obvious that we lack the spirit of nationalism because if we had the spirit. This is why the people of each State owe allegiance to their State before they owe anything to the country. If we were really loyal to the nation we would learn from other countries. This is the most glovious example of India an National which escalled as the Golden Age of India¶s Nationalism. They can take the reins in their hands. they seem to forget that. There own prosperity and the love for the country has no place in their sentiments. allowed them to do what they wanted to. What we could have achieved if we had the blood of nationalists like the one who gave us the gift of independence. so many Indians would not go and settle in foreign lands. has its own and old culture. We would do better in trying to help in the march ahead of our own country to progress rather than just ourselves. If there was love for the motherland. Even the Muslim and British regimes in India could be a reality in India because we lacked the inherent discipline and feeling of oneness among ourselves. It is for all to understand that. we take no pride in being Indians. who could steer us together. because they are good paymasters and there working conditions are congenial. We have no national feeling. This feeling is lying dormant somewhere within us. they prefer to go and settle in foreign lands because obviously they have only love for themselves. As far as the present scenario is concerned. they forget is an part of India and cannot exist on its own without India. and least of all we find it in the present day scenario. within us. because we were never proud of our nation country and in bargain. This shows that we do have an inherent or built-in oneness among people which has come out to stand the tests of time. and love for the country. and we just need an energizer or a leader like Gandhiji. India would not have been such as easy target for multitudes of invaders in the past. they never left their country to settle here. A very glaring example for us to learn from is that of what the British did in India. it is India that is an entity in the sequence of the world and not any individual state. and improve our own. not having any love for own country. the British looted all that we had. just because there they are more comfortable. the state that they call theirs. We see a large brain drain to the West. even when we have entered the 21st century we still have no love or loyalty for our nation. On the other hand we. ruled over us. Doing this. India has never before or after depicted the same spirit of Nationalism. and a Golden Chapter in Indian History. They came here. come back. yes. This would help in the prosperity and progress of their country also. What nationalism or a feeling of love for the Nation can do. That was just once. which goes to depict the
. just once when Indians showed their unity to become one and that we love our country. Besides this great saga of events of an Era. can be well ascertained when we study our National Movement for Independence. This happens because of lack feeling called nationalism.
instead of building empires for themselves. the trend of students actively participating in politics began in the early 20th century. it was to be reconsidered if students should be allowed or couraged to enter politics. The energy and time they use or waster in masterminding political moves. Political parties at that time started enlisting the support of the young students who organized themselves happily. The elders being busy with their bread earning. and got merged with the West. which at the touch of a spark ignites into a large uncontrollable fire like forest fire. We have completely lost our identity. Besides. they actively encouraged the youngsters to enter the arena of politics. This obviously results in the students getting sharply divided as if they were of this political party or that so much so. This trend started in the early years of 20th century and continued and even expanded up to date. to help one party or the other. being young have no patience. In India. There is of course nothing without advantages and disadvantages. We should rise up from just residents of states and realize our selves as residents of India. Firstly. Disadvantages outnumber the advantages. Thus. Only if we do this we may have a rich breed of nationalists. However. If we had a feeling of Nationalism our politicians would happily serve the teaming millions. are a bundle of inflammable material. we will lose our identity in the community of nations. when India was fighting for its freedom. are lively and malleable. Politics teaches students to put an
. Students have got rusticated owing to their active participation in politics. even the campus elections become tainted with a touch of politics.extent of bankruptcy of nationalism in us Indians. Some sections of society now started believing that students should stay away from politics and keep to their study schedules only. The present scenario in India is thus a keen struggle of political parties engaged in enlisting support of students. once independence was won. they were young and would be easily enthused to join the mass movement at the drop of a hat. While the society kept debating on this issue. the politician took the younger generation as their work cum energy tanks and this participation of students in politics has come to stay. while the students. and if we lose that. so does this involvement of students in politics. being young and energetic. India is known all the world over by its own heritage. thus losing their hold on studies. There are both serious disadvantages and may be few advantages too of students being on the centrestage of politics. could well be used to study. Vow to give it up. have primarily entered college for studies they get distracted from their prime objective and become entangled in the dirty game of politics. They. This entry of politics in the premises of educational institutions has caused many a damage to several students.
Posted by Ashok at 3:19 AM 0 comments Labels: Political Essays
Students and Politics The Indian Scenario
The student community. it is so sad for us that this lack of one sentiment in us is ruining us and uprooting all that was the best in us.
When we study the advantages of this system.
Posted by Ashok at 3:12 AM 6 comments Labels: Educational Essays. When there is too much of hooliganism entering into educational institutions. are very few and hardly significant. The disadvantages of students entering politics are numerous and destructive. For. The serpentine queues at booths go to indicate quite a lot about the people. Children entering the arena of politics learn the art of public speaking. No one knows when there may be a poaching crowd come to capture the booth. The very innocent and loving appearance of children gets lost and they become rude. when there will be rigging at the booth and when there may be a firing spree to cap it all. The country is divided into smaller units of constituencies and each constituency has scores or hundreds of booths. The booth is manned by officers of the working government to see that all goes well. can as well be achieved so in other ways also and there is no need for their entry into politics. An election booth is the place which is specified and notified by the government for people to come and cast their votes. This leads to closure of institutions which again take a toll of students¶ study time. It is more of a miniature battlefield all set with guntoting police and army on the prowl.end to all rules and regulations and become rowdy and violent. they do exist but. The important and real advantage is that students in these prime years of life gain a lot of knowledge of politics which gives them training to enter the arena as trained politicians. the disadvantages are more damaging than the gains acquired in the sequence. They learn to be assertive and impressive. arrogant and disobedient. There duty is to see the there is no cheating taking place at the elections both. This is a moot point specially in democratic countries ± where people elect their own government. This medium is a good stepping stone to the art of leadership. Political Essays
Scene at an Election Booth
Election is a common feature in the continued governance of any state and any country. At the booth. even police is to be called sometimes and there is utter disorder in the campus and even bullets find their way among the students. Everywhere we can guess that elections could be more or less on similar patterns. the government is supposed to be ³of the people. The workers of each political parties involved in the elections are also stationed at the both. For in a democracy. So much so good. Students must stay away from politics and retain their interest in studies which alone can help them steer the ships of their lives. the officers stationed appear to be like mice in a lion¶s den. for the people and by the people´. An election booth in India appears to be a site of mixed feelings and mixed occurrences. all the advantages students gain. After studying the pros and cons of students¶ participation in politics. All types of
in keeping with the variety that exists in the country itself. Some seem to have come with first and one time curiosity to see what it is like at the booth. as this style of freedom is apt to destroy the civilization.An India Style
It is high time for us to realize what we understand by the word Freedom. each one of us has to have a different desire to do different things. behind the closed door where the boxes are kept is a scene of utter disgust and shabby lethargic performance. Once we claim to be civilized. At the polling booth.people. while on the other hand one can smell the air of fear within the four walls of the room. such freedom can only exist in the jungle. each Indian is doing what he wants with no inhibitions or restrictions of rules and regulations of discipline which tie a community into one entity. Elections are conducted in every country and electorate and election booths also must be existing everywhere. interested and disinterested. when we want. the booth there appears to be an area as if earmarked to become a battle arena. This is because. Outside. the more civilized a community. and how we want is freedom. The one point to understand is that. It appears that on the one hand officers inside are too lethargic to be true to their task. be it political.
Posted by Ashok at 3:11 AM 0 comments Labels: Political Essays
Freedom . social. Officers on duty appear to be on tenterhooks. pour in at the booth. education or personal. have to invariably occur everywhere. we can never aspire to be free in this way. the less free is the individual. freedom in a civilization has a different interpretation. It is this misinterpretation of freedom that is leading India to a state of complete chaos in every sphere of its existence. as.
. as. I daresay that. The results coming out of so much gloom and danger cannot be indicative of anything other than gloom or danger. freedom Indian style and civilization can never go hand in hand. Thus. it is both the calm of eternity and silence of a graveyard. but the scene at an election booth in India is unmatched. there could be little to expect from the results. They do not know when a person who comes in to cast his/her vote may try to exploit the situation and create hullabaloo. men and women. confusion has become the order of the day. and clashes with what others want. In India the election booths provide a colourful scenario. old and young. thus there is bound to be absolute lack of cohesion. some coming with a vengeance to rout the reigning government. as we see in the example of India today. so much so that. or any other sphere. doing what we want. while a lot others coming just because others are coming. It appears that what we understand is that. No civilized man can be free in this manner. When the booth gives this appearance. and inside the booth. for they do not know when there will be an emergence of non sence. our type of freedom can never lead to a compact disciplined and happy society for always.
Mankind is today living an entirely different life to what our forefathers used to live. Extensive and intensive agriculture has been made possible by Science as a boon to the entire humanity. Rapid industrialization of a country is the slogan of humanity. after 50 years we must learn our duties as well as we have assimilated the lesson of our rights.Instead of harmony and unity there are constant bickerings among all and everywhere in India and the culprit of creating this situation is the so called and gifted ³freedom´. at least now. the school. Highly advanced industrial economy has replaced the self-sufficient village economy thus making a change in every walk of life. yes. have not ever cared to fulfil their responsibilities corresponding to the freedom they continue to enjoy. At least now. then definitely it will be a great service to entire man kind. Science has proved to be a great achievement for humanity and it has come to relieve mankind from all sufferings. the office or the road. time and distance have no sense today. Science has helped in growing textile and paper industries. Science has also done great disservice to mankind in the field of armaments and destructive effects of war. The tragedy has been that. and the result is. pains. where every place is rampant with confusion. and learn more about our duties and the rights will then fall in their right and appropriate places. This is the result of our wrong interpretation of independence on the one side and an incomplete education regarding the use of freedom. today¶s India. None of us has ever cared to learn the duties that go hand in hand with the rights we enjoy. Without Science. we cannot grow enough for feeding the increasing population. New agricultural machines and disease resistant varieties of seeds are some of the contributions to agricultural sector. Science has helped man to increase production in various ways. The outlook of humanity has changed. The world has got narrowed down to a global. in India we have put the cart before the horse. has ever cared to teach the uneducated Indian how to make use of this gift. indiscipline whether it be the home. we must set our cart in order. no one. We have got all the freedom but. poverty and diseases. 2008
Role of Scientist
The phenomenal progress of Science has brought about a revolution of development and prosperity in the modern age. The deserts of yesterday have been converted into major granaries of the world today by Science. at this juncture. the other side of the coin of freedom. no one. to save India from complete destruction. If the scientists provide the technical know ± how to underdeveloped countries of the world in respect of development in various fields. Science has made man to cancer distances within seconds and minutes. and neither has anyone been taught the fact that each freedom comes with its corresponding duty. We must remember that every right has its corresponding duty.
. It is serving humanity in all walks of life. August 9. Countries which are industrially advanced are most powerful and rich today. The average Indian even the so called educated. aturday. sugar and fertilizer industries. and given or taught people their rights without explaining to them their duties as well. However. For humanity.
Posted by Ashok at 3:31 AM 0 comments Labels: Science Essays
Atomic Power and Its Impact
It was America which tested the atom bomb in the deserts of Mexico. man no longer cares for the development and upliftment of his spirit.Science has made human beings reach other planets and conduct research work there. It is possible to create public opinion at the same time through video ± conferencing. Powerful means of communication like television. In many industries. In spite of all contributions of Science towards welfare of mankind. Science has no power to uplift man and inspire him with noble ideas. human labour has been replaced by advanced machines. a German scientist was the first to succeed in making the atom bomb by splitting the atom. Another losing aspect of humanity due to Science is its spirit. Science has made man to forget the spirit. But it is mankind that is affected. Science has made the man of modern humanity a moral dwarf. Now the atom bomb is the thing of the past. Various satellites made by man are moving around the earth. Science has given humanity very effective means of propaganda. With its breath ± taking discoveries and inventions day ± by ±day. Hydrogen bomb which is made by fusion of hydrogen atom into helium is many times more powerful than the atom bomb. there are various disadvantages of Science. thereby leading to unemployment. Science has given atom bombs which make the entire mankind live in a constant fear of destruction and misery. Limitation of Science does not teach when to use the atom for curing purposes or when to kill with it. And in this
. Often there are instances of leakage of poisonous gases from factories either due to technical snag or human error. and with a promise of nothing for the spirit. Truly Science has given power but not wisdom. It is the root cause of all evils. radio. America dropped two atom bombs on Japan to bring the World War II to an end. Man has begun to use his knowledge of Science for peaceful purposes. Scientists all over the world should be encouraged to carry on such research programmes through which they can promote welfare and prosperity of mankind and save it from complete extinction due to adverse impact of nuclear energy etc. Religion is decaying along with sad plight of our art and culture. Threat of universal destruction always hangs over human being. The first was dropped on Hiroshima and the second on Nagasaki on 6th and 9th August 1945. the cinema and internet have made the entire world aware of latest technology ± information and news. Man has lost faith in religion. respectively. Both the cities were ruined. It is wished that science will enable man to remove horros of war completely from the mind of humanity. Modern scientists should take it as their responsibility to divert the use of nuclear energy into channels which would make this world a safer place and better life for human being to live. For this he got the Nobel Prize for 1944 ± 45. but Otto Habur. Man has landed on the moon. Later on. America came out as the mightiest country of the world.
Either man should put an end to war or war will end him. There is tension and suspicion. It can solve the energy problem. India again tested successfully its nuclear power. Science has also been known as a faithful servant of man who serves all his life
. it is a challenge to mankind. The superpowers like America. There will be no pollution due to smoke and fumes coming out of chimneys. though both are committed to the use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes only. The fear of use of the bomb in war has started a mad race among all the nations. Though on May 18. Dr. Science has come to relieve mankind from sufferings. We know that radium rays are used for treating cancer and other diseases. Today. the world is sitting on a volcano. its beauty and goodness would like the atomic power to be brought to an end. If a war starts between the nuclear powers. atomic or nuclear weapons may certainly be used and then mankind will witness a destruction of all the fruits of civilization and culture. Russia. Atomic power harnessed for peaceful purposes can bring enormous benefits to humanity.
Posted by Ashok at 3:30 AM 0 comments Labels: Science Essays
Science in Daily Life
In the history of mankind. 1974 history was made at Pokhran by exploding the first nuclear device. France. because a third world war will bring everything in the world to ashes.series most destructive (powerful) is the neutron bomb. The association of atomic power with destruction has all along raised the question whether atomic energy should be developed at all. His horror is certainly well founded. have stockpiled deadly atomic weapons in their arsenals. pleasures will be wiped out of existence. oil and extinguishing gas fires. will be fought with bricks and stones. at all it breaks out. well being. A revolution can be brought about in the medical science. Nuclear power can be used for canal excavation. Instead of bustling of life there will be deadly silence of death. Therefore. Agricultural production can be increased manifold by making use of radioisotopes. Industrial production will go up. Germany. distrust and fear of each other. on May 11 and 13. the world famous scientist once said that the fourth war. This has led Pakistan also to test its nuclear power. ignorance and to control nature. This will make transport quicker cheaper and more comfortable. China etc. can invest huge amount on nuclear weapons. natural gas stimulation. It also successfully launched in May itself. man has begun looking on atomic power with horror and suspicion. After the incidents of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. especially those who are rich. India has always opposed the use of atomic energy for the destruction of mankind. advent of Science is the greatest blessing. Then after a gap of 25 years. All those who love life. Atomic energy can be used in place of conventional sources of energy in transport. It has been defined as a systematized body of wisdom and knowledge which can give rise to greater and greater inventions. all beautiful things which science has given for our comforts. underground mining. 1999. Einstein.
eyes to the blind and limbs to the crippled. Human life would get transformed into new horizons and heights of prosperity when atomic energy is fully utilized for peaceful purposes. aeroplanes are being used.. Science has brought about far-reaching changes in every sphere of our daily life. Entertainment through cinema is one of the most remarkable invention of science in our daily life. For faster traveling. For communication. Complicated operations are possible and are successful with the help of equipments and machines invented with the help of Science. Railways have made journeys swift. Diseases can easily be detected and various tests conducted within a matter of few seconds. The world would have come to a standstill without inventions of Science. Science has given ears to the deaf. Entire world has shrunk into a small family. Science is proving to be of great help in our daily life. A big contribution of science in our daily life is electricity. both are possible within seconds. Modern ships have conquered turbulent waters and are perfectly safe for traveling and transportation of goods. Inventions of lifts working in these buildings have made life very easy. However. Truly. the life of man is very different from what it used to be few years back. We have been able to control the effects of weather change with electrical energy. Now each household has television and radios which are the fastest medium of mass communication made possible by Science. Without electricity. various official people and for general purposes. we have telephones. All fans. safe and comfortable. Science can be harmful if we misure it. Health is wealth. Science has invented ways to peep inside the human body to tackle diseases of human beings through X-ray machines. In everyday live. VSATs and internet etc. Even she need not run here and there spreading wet clothes for drying. And many people to be contacted can be at very far off distances. high ± rise buildings are constructed both for commercial and residential purposes.and as per the orders of man. Thus she saves a lot of her cooking time and is able to devote that precious time in many other activities related to family life. The washing of clothes for her has become really an enjoyable game of few minutes. coolers and air-conditioners in summer and all kinds of heating gadgets in winter. This has been made possible with modern machines. All this is possible with the production of fully automatic washing machines. It provides us cheap and enjoyable pastime and comfort from tensions of daily life. A housewife can cook tast with the help of electricity run kitchen machines. we have to communicate with different friends and relatives. E-mail. All kinds of gadgets of music. there would have been complete darkness after evening hours and no industry could function without the power of electricity. There is shortage of space everywhere and as such. time and distance both have been conquered by Science. wireless. Science has made goods cheap and readily available and has brought them within reach of every individual. entertainment and communication have been brought to our door with the help of Science. mobiles. Now everybody can afford to avail the benefits of luxuries and comforts created by Science. Whether we want to communicate or travel. functions with the help of electricity. Surely.
Air Transport a Marvelous Gift of Science
Science is a great blessing to mankind. Another disadvantage of science has been the misuse of mass media for propaganda. He wants to save time in every respect. The whole world is well-connected by a network of different airways. However. With air travel. He craved for wings. comfortable and full of happiness. He wanted to fly in the sky like birds. It was only after World War II that full-fledged advanced
. Science has spanned the sky. Aeroplanes are the gift of Science as mode of air transportation. thanks to mass media. we see the greatest and marvelous gift of Science that is. Thus. Much of communal tension withing the country has been the creation of media. electric fans or telegraph or radio as marvels of Science. Sometimes information stories facts are blown out of proportion leading to tension among the masses. measured the oceans and wrested from nature many of her hidden treasure. µfly like a bird¶ in the open sky. it is air transport only which has helped him in a big way. we remain in constant fear of mass destruction weapons invented by Science. man was satisfied with buses. Under such circumstances. trains or even ships. the world has changed more during the past 100 years than during 4000 years before. He invented aeroplanes. man has become very tast going and is always occupied with many tasks at one time. Early man used to go from one place to another on foot and then gradually he used animals as beasts of burden. Through air travel. Since long. Mass media is used by anti-social elements to spread rumours and false information. it spreads like a forest fire. Once a story is circulated. Science has made traveling a pleasure particularly air travel. In today¶s world. In India. It has annihilated time and distance and made the contact with world easier and quicker. It is certainly upto mankind to utilize the benefits of Science for welfare of all or to indulge in making mass destruction weapons for miseries of future generations. Today. There are no hindrances and traffic jams as is mostly there in road transport or problems associated with railways. human being was not satisfied with all this.In spite of Science as a blessing in our daily life. Science has changed the face of the earth. August 8.
Posted by Ashok at 3:29 AM 6 comments Labels: Science Essays
Friday. we have ceased to look upon trains or motor cars. It has transformed our life to a great extent from what it used to be few years back. Science can further be utilized to make our daily life more prosperous. Tata Sons and National Airways began air operations in 1932 with light and single engined aircraft for the purposes of mail transportation. This desire of man let to the invention of the aeroplane by the Wright brothers in 1903. Air ± travel is found to be most comfortable. In fact. road transport progressed and then railways and water transport was invented. particularly. The triumph of science is seen everywhere. He doesn¶t want to waste a single moment in transit. when he is to travel from one place to the other place.
Science has helped man to the sky. He has not been deterred by the hazards of accidents in traveling by aeroplanes. Secondly. This wonderful invention of Science in recent years has progressed by leaps and bounds. Today. The level of education has greatly improved with the help of Science. Science has cast its great effects on social life of the human and removed sufferings. Today. air travel can be risky and dangerous. Then. the United States of America has the most sophisticated fighter planes which can destroy enemy camps within seconds and at any time of the day or night. In the modern era of Science. They connected all important destinations. in 1953. Accidents prove to be very fatal and loss of life and property in a huge manner. it is very costly and only the rich people can avail the facility of air transportation. Science has extended the frontiers of knowledge of society in various ways and in various directions.type of aircraft started operating in India. There has been a constant desire of a man to develop more advanced and sophisticated aeroplanes. In recent times.
Posted by Ashok at 11:16 PM 0 comments Labels: Science Essays
Science and Education
The greatest blessing to humanity is the advent of Science for bringing social prosperity through spread of knowledge and education. Since then. There is more and more competition among various airlines to offer the most competitive rates and most convenient timings. Through its advanced inventions and discoveries. it has transformed human life beyond all imagination. greater emphasis is being given to television in educational. Now people are more aware and want to know more and more about the latest happenings all round the world. Today wars are won with the strength of air power. It has enabled man to fight natural calamities and to revolutionise industrial and agricultural processes. The expantion
. Man has seen the importance of aeroplanes in war times. tremendous progress has been made. This is because if there is any mishap or accident. there is no chance of survival. passenger ± comfort and convenience. A common man can travel in the train only. The efforts are being made to make the air transportation more safe and economical through new researches. The future of air-travel is bound to get brighter in the times ahead. civil air transport was nationalized in India due to financial constraints being faced by the sector. Also the air travel becomes dangerous whenever the weather condition are adverse. measure the depth of oceans and wrest from nature many of her hidden treasures. Firstly. safety. social and moral spheres. Though air travel is considered as one of the best contributions of Science yet it has got various limitations. Now it has become possible for man to sit in the cosy confines of his living room and watch the latest happenings of the world from his home. ignorance and hardship. The emphasis is on more speed. there are various domestic and international airlines carrying passengers to different parts in India and to the various parts of the world.
. The student can go through various courses through satellite ± run programmes. Further. Science is unlimited knowledge for a student and is going to be an eternal source of new blessing in the cause of spread of education across all horizons of the world. The launching of INSAT and other communication satellites in the space has given further fillip to the cause of education. The click of the mouse can help him access a world of information in a matter of seconds. A student can complete a work of months and years in a matter of hours. If proper methods are adopted. Moreover. The subject matter taught on television has a more enduring and effective impression on the minds of the viewers. various subjects like Chemistry.of education through television has been tremendous. He can avail the facility of cars. As on date. Communication and transport have really made the life of students more comfortable. The libraries of the schools. the daily life of students is very different and has improved a lot with the inventions of Science. colleges and universities are full with latest books and journals on all subjects topic wise. Truly. or by going through a book. it is all the output of the experienced teachers who understand the problems faced by students who pursue education along with their jobs or cannot afford to go to a regular college. The students also gain a lot from such lessons taught in the form of pictures relating to various topics. Now the boundary of a state or a country is not the limit to get qualification of a particular university. television and cinema is helping the student in relieving the daily tensions of life by providing him the best and affordable entertainment. Surely. disks or printed in any kind of books. can be very well taught through television programmes. Science has also contributed the most advanced and well equipped laboratories for students to learn and conduct practicals. English. Science has given him options to study various new fields in the research and development of science itself. Commerce and Mathematics etc. it has a great educative value. there are various programmes run by University Grants Commission to teach various subjects through the media of television. Science has helped the students to travel all across the world not only for pleasure but to educate himself about various wonders of nature and see historical places. The greatest and most significant achievement of science in this regard is launching internet. ships and aeroplanes and reach his destination in time. trains. A student can opt to go through any subject either on computer. Radio. Even he can talk to any relative or friend living in any part of the world at any moment of the day or night. In a large country like India. Physics. All other forms of entertainment have been brought to the door of the student by Science. Thus he has no tension and can concentrate better on his studies. even the minute details of any kind of information or data is recorded wither on cassettes. With the help of Science. the role of science in dissemination of education through television cannot be denied.
Posted by Ashok at 11:14 PM 0 comments
. The internet has brought about a big revolution in the world of education and information. He has all the options available with him. where most of the population is uneducated.
Labels: Science Essays
Science and Social Prosperity
Science is the greatest blessing to mankind. Science has changed the face of the earth and the society more during the last 100 years than what it changed in 4000 years before. He can just catch the first train or fly like a bird and within minutes see his dear ones. dirt or suffocation. grinding machines. Even he can talk to any relative or friend living in any part of the world at any moment of the day or night. Science has helped man to scale the sky. It has enabled industries to produce goods in greater quantities thus making things affordable. Gone are the days when only the rich could afford the luxuries of modern life. The triumph of Science can be seen in every aspect of daily life. It has enabled man to fight natural calamities and to revolutionise industrial and agricultural processes. Science has extended the frontiers of knowledge of society in various ways and in various directions. The availability of fully automatic washing machines and dishwashers have made life very easy and fast. Books. Cooking has become a pleasure with no smoke. trains. Science came as a blessing to relieve society from suffering and difficulties of daily life. ships and aeroplanes it has become easy to travel distance. measure the depth of oceans and wrest from nature many of her hidden treasures. to study in their leisure time and to handle business or work in offices. Radio. Science has given time to housewives. cookers and ovens. Before Science could cast its great effect on social life of humans it was all a world of sufferings. television and cinema helps the society in relieving the daily tensions of life by entertainment. The face and look of society has changed with the developments brought about by Science. to spend it with their children. music and all other forms of entertainment have been brought to the door of the common man. It has transformed human life. A person can have his morning tea in Delhi and breakfast in Mumbai and lunch in Chennai. Nothing better could happen in the history of mankind than the advent of Science and great uses of it to the social life of society. Science has changed the life of the housewife in our society. No longerman has to wait to meet any friend or relative in trouble at a faroff place. Now she need not spend her whole time cooking meals for a big family. Now the women can take time from their homes to participate in various other functions of the society and contribute towards common welfare of mankind in general. Traveling has been made a pleasure by science with the invention of motor cars. Hundreds of modern gadgets have been deviced by science to help the housewife in the kitchen. It is all sign of social prosperity. The quality of life in society has improved a lot with the inventions of Science. According to a famous writer.
. ignorance and hardship. There are various electric food processors. The work of months and years can be completed in a beings more prosperous and comfortable. Science has made the goods particularly the electronic gadgets so cheap that they are within the reach of almost every common man.
Weather conditions are being predicted with the help of pictures taken by these satellites. no matter where we want to go. and mechanization is the
. The drudgery of household work has been reduced to an almost nil by the numerous gifts of science. The force of gravity has got no meaning for man and he has conquered it. the scientist has helped us and we have umpteen scientific modes of traveling to and fro. The society is getting information of all other planets and research is being made continuously to know more and more about other planets. man can do any number of activities and has progressed in every part of the industry and daily life. With the help of electricity. In its social aspect. If all this was not achieved by science it would be no wonder that. the twins of science and mechanism have brought us out of the darkness of the woods.
Posted by Ashok at 11:13 PM 0 comments Labels: Science Essays
Is Science a Blessing or a Curse
The gifts of science are indisputable and countless. just another animal. We want entertainment. society. Man has landed on the moon. You have much task to do. When we want to know more about other countries of the world. whomsoever we want to meet. The agrarian society is fast changing into an industrialized and highly advanced culture.People would not have been so well-dressed in the absence of the textile industry. The world has contracted and time and distance have no relevance left. in our drawing rooms or in the bedrooms. Today. Even matches are played under flood lights. It is science that has given us all the amenities of modern living that we can proudly boast of end enjoy. the place can be changed to daylight conditions. India is producing clothes to such an extent that it can export to other countries after meeting its own demands. Now the market is flooded with enormous variety of clothes whether they are required for summer of sever winter. we can say that. we have the internet to help us out. Fast and sophisticated means of communication and transport have brought the different societies closer. The change brought in by Science is clearly visible in our ways of living. in a nutshell. The knowledge gained learn through science and scientific technology speaks volumes about man¶s ingenuity and skill. In short. Electricity has changed the entire scenario of society. At nighttime. is the subject. Let us understand that. and there is a machine to do it for you.e. The most wonderful invention of science is man-made satellites. nation and the world has advanced tremendously. Big industrial towns are coming up into existence with their own multiple infrastructure. man might have been the animal as he was in the ages past ± i. the radio and then the television are at our doorstep to do the job. So. There can be no denying the fact that science has made so much progress that life of a man. If we want to gain knowledge we have other media ± books. The wildest dream of human beings has come true. This is also the result of mechanization of solving problems. the advancement of science has made our social life prosperous. even today.
We get so used to machines that our bodies get absolutely frozen and become unfit to do any work. and to what extent we are now misusing our scientific knowledge. does man stop there? He continues his so-called study and research which further leads him on to the destructive capability of science. It is at this aspect of scientific growth we must put a stop whose gain will it be. Moving about all the time in cars makes our physique. Machines being devices to save labour. he is most likely to become a machine whose company he keeps all the while. Man understand only what he can see and these days his vision is too blurred to see the place of God in the scheme of things. We are in for making bombs. Yes. the big capitalists exploiting the poor labourers. This disbelief in God is leading to further degeneration of the family and the society. in turn has given birth to extensive unemployment and capitalism. if the world is destroyed? I am sure it will benefit none. There does not in today¶s context seem to be any force that can convince man of the necessity of being God fearing and thus being good. This live company has been sacrificed for the mechanical idiot box. On the home front also it is felt that. man has lost his own humaneness as though he himself has become a machine. and capitalism has led to class struggle. We must understand that we should not pursue the track that leads to annihilation. In the event of a third world war. Production of destrictive weapons the greatest curse of science to men. All the gifts of science must be enjoyed to the full and that can happen only if man survives to taste the fruits of mechanization. having studied the gifts of Science to mankind.outcome. it will do us some good if we do some introspection and try also to study how. mechanization has led to industrialization which. Today¶s man cannot understand this so called foolish premise of the existence of any God. Now. Science leaves no place to accommodate God or religion. As son as man loses touch with his kin. have mercilessly thrown thousand out of employment. there is one very important aspect which has got lost. Today man has the most destructive weapons ever produced. God and religion are two things that can have no mathematical formulae to explain. something that can be explained with some amount of reasoning. the two essential composites of a healthy nation. accounts for our inability to work of our own self. too much mechanization. We become basically very lazy. This journey has taken man centres but. using nuclear energy for purposes of destruction. On the national front. none at all. there is no doubt that man will perish. One bomb can annihilate civilization. As far as science is helping man to make life better it is very good but. Besides these mundane and down-to-earth results of scientific growth. The human touch which was so special about a family and the society is getting lost as every individual has become more or less a machine. This irreligious attitude of man is further bringing down to the
. For the scientific and mechanical mind can understand only what he sees or. He has got so enmeshed in the machines that the has lost all contact with his own species who make for his live company. Our lifestyle is now undoubtedly much above and the animal that of man ages back. At the lowest and smallest level of life. This creeps several diseases. it has been worth it. We can say the two are like two bodies and one soul.
Our Governmental agencies. or for that matter in any if the developing countries. September 13. both physically and mentally and of course spiritually. candle making etc. I do wonder if any parents prefer to see their little children work for their food. in mechanic shops. and it may be so that. it will be for going to school. small restaurants. we do not reach anywhere near the solution of the problem. given a choice. what does he do throughout the day. instead of enjoying at school. it is a certainty that. those who feel the need for financial support of the children only allow them to work and earn. No one has. the question of children found working does not arise. So. ³an idle brain is a devil¶s workshop´. When the school can only be a dream for the poor. So when both. if he/she is asked for a preference. Looking at the sum total of the scenario the abuses outnumber the blessings. It is these only which have teaming millions of poor people. who cannot afford to even feed the children if they do not work. private agencies and NGOs. With the earnings of all the members of the family. In the Western countries.. I personally feel that. the parents and the children would prefer going to school then why this labour. all these parents would love to see these little slogging children enjoy their childhood at home or at school. These poor people have to make every member work for his/her own food. The abuses are so great that they even pose the danger of complete annihilation of the human race. if the child does not go to school. Let us analyse in some detail why. This same situation prevails in all the developing countries. This is a menace is accepted by all and sundry but. often shout from rooftops regarding this menace of child labour. The reason for this is very obvious. they may not be blessed with even one square meal a day. in this situation. and besides this a lot more comes into play for creating this unhappy situation. The children who are working are adding their little mite to the family income. though the condition is deplorable it is the lesser evil. have a matching number of abuses. where education is compulsory. Time will be wasted. 2008
Child Labour in India
Child Labour is a phenomena prevalent mostly in developing countries of Asia and Africa. as. aturday. The compulsion is of course. we find the little boys at tea stalls. and he will only learn wrong things of life. and in the bargain the child gets food to eat. I am sure that. This is because man is basically destructive by nature and getting too much of scientific know-how will only confirm his doom. if they do not work. Besides this. It is obvious that they are thus working due to compulsions and not out of choice.lowest ebb. the sensitivity of our very beings. by shouting about it and passing legislations for it. as yet suggested some
. the meager income of the family. This is not to be seen in the advanced countries of the West. Thus we see that the blessings of science though innumerable. but how ± is the moot point. We also see small girls engaged in industries like match making. this child labour is commonly found in India. cleaning cars and working as shoeshines. they are able to make their two ends meet. From the side of the child also.
solution of the problem. They are absolutely hardened and most of them tend to become anti-social. and. In the absence of a practical alternative arrangement it is no use just shouting about the problem. that in this world what really counts is riches. free ration and free education. They become. and the Government gets the confirmation of the solution working smoothly and honestly. Let us all get together and pledge to make the Government and other agencies take up a more authentic approach to this problem. Their feeling is. to become rich and enjoy. they enter the world of crime.
Posted by Ashok at 8:35 PM 0 comments Labels: General Essays. the children can be forced to attend Government schools. no law can ban a person big or small from earning his bread. hardened criminals robbers and murderers. Neither can it be dealt with by making it illegal. why should they bother about any social norms. I personally feel that the Government should first provide for such families by means of subsidies. So let us understand that. child labour is not an isolated problem that has to be dealt with as a single problem but. no one can say that. With this attitude. and thus an increased crime rate. We must deal with the problem with a more practical approach and provide what the child earns for. The biggest problem that follows the problem of child labour is the creation of a force of criminals. Before providing the essentials. Only after such provisions are made. With such children having lost their childhood at the altar of poverty being to believe and rightly so. When the necessities are provided for. if they do not work. who will feed them isn¶t this a pertinent question. for. It is their necessity which makes them work. it is wrong. I am sure no child does this labour for fun. it brings in its trail a host of more complicated problems which are the offshoot of this one. when they enter the adult world they tend to take up professions that are tained with crime. as. I am sure. smugglers. The only practical and feasible solution to this problem of child labour which can be conceivable in the present scenario is provided necessitis to the families and making free education compulsory for all children. when these young labourers grow up into suffering adults. can we expect children to get out of the rut of working to earn a living from an early age when they should be enjoying and playing and of course. fulfillment of necessities has to be tackled before doing anything else. and then. No one can deny that. Socio-Cultural Essays
. The practical approach to the problem would be that we attempt to find some means for providing for them. the children work to get their basic needs fulfilled. are usually the creation of unhappy childhoods. I am sure that. what has society given to them. and rightly so that. studying and learning. Child labour is not a problem that can be tackled by just talking and debating about it on various platforms. the problem that is defying a solution will automatically get solved by itself. All this drama will not be able to fill the hungry stomachs of the poor. When it is amply clear that. a solution will be at hand. as. Another point closely linked with the problem of child labour comes to the fore. Thus we may say that these criminals. With this forethought. no one can tell the poor that they should not allow their children to work.
Thursday, September 11, 2008
Influence of Cinema in India
Cinema is by far the most common and cheapest means of entertainment in cities in India. The maximum we Indians can look to cinema is as an exposition of art. In a country like ours, where most people are illiterate and so poor that they can ill afford any other recreation, Cinema has taken its toll. Poor, hard pressed and illiterate people find that the cinema is the only means by which they can break the monotony and drudgery or their routine mundane lives. The village or urban labour class are casual about pictures because they de not have the time, the means or occassion to dabble with any of the luxuries they see on the cinema screen. However, it is the urban lower class and small children of all classes who treat movies as something more than mere entertainers. Thus we see that the urban population is mostly influenced by the cinema. The influence of cinema can not be underestimated for, cinema is a visual aid to learning. So what is seen on the cinema screen is automatically assimilated by those who see the picture. Now, what is to be measured is the depth and amount of influence on different individuals. As we all know the most impressionable people are the illiterates and the young minds so, when picture are seen by the masses, the greatest and deepest influence is on the young and illiterate, while all other categories only get their share of entertainment and forget about it all. The educated may view the cinema as an art, besides it being entertainment but the influence on the illiterate and children is seen in their trying to copy or imitate what they see. Besides, these categories also start visualising the screen to be a picture of real life which leads them to disappointment and frustration. The cinema being a very important visual aid can play a vital role in educating the masses. If pictures are based on realities and deal with society evils and the like, the impressionable minds will understand life and society better, and the cinema will be playing its role. The cinema can play a positive educative role in the spheres of photography, art, dancing and singing and this would be a positive contribution of cinema to the teaching of all these fine arts. What we said in the previous paragraphs is just what could be achieved by the cinema as its influence is tremendous. However, at least in India the influence is just the opposite Cinema is not at all educative in its role instead, it is only influencing impressionable minds in the negative. That would go to mean that, the quality of our cinema is very low. The impressionable minds are, as expected, learning what they see in the cinema. They behave as they see, they dress as they see and act as they see. So, the influence is undoubtedly full and complete but absolutely negative. This has to be because, the young and the illiterate learn and ape all of what they see as, they do not possess the capacity to clean the hay from the chaff. Another very dampening effect of the cinema to day is in causing depressions, frustrations and then suicides. People who see that life is all roses as depicted ok the screen, life is all glamour and money, expect the same from life for themselves. When this is mot to be, they
are sadly disappointed with what life has to offer them in reality. Cinema can be of great utility and influence if the cinemas made are educative and provide clean entertainment, clean songs and dances of some standard. However, in our country, like all other things, cinema has also become an industry highly commercialised each picture produced must be a commercial hit no matter what it may all be about. The producers and directors get together to produce picture to earn a fortune and not to provide quality education or entertainment for people. This is why to day the picture we see are mostly those which cater to the lower classes if people, and children, as, only they can be frivolous and appreciate as fun, meaningless gestures and overtures. Thus, the influence of cinema has got to be tremendous and it is being so. We are getting the return of our cinemas in all our crimes and violence and sex. So it is playing its role of teaching no doubt but what, is just nobody¶s business. If the cinema has to play the role it is meant to play, the quality of cinema must improve no matter ever if quantity is not retained. It is not important to know how much we learn, it is all important to know what all we learn, as the influence of cinema is great and irrepairable.
Posted by Ashok at 8:24 AM 2 comments Labels: Socio-Cultural Essays
What I forsee for Indian women in the 21st century
God created both man and woman to live together in this beautiful world, but it is amazing how and why woman has been a topic of discussion for all times to come. It does sometimes make me wonder whether woman is the special creation of God to be the talk on platforms or is she so troublesome that she is always in discussions. Whatever may be the cause of it, the fact remains that women have always been a topic for discussions. In the ages gone by at least in India women were highly respected, specially in the role of a wife and a mother. However, as time rolled on, and Muslim influence came into India, women were as if thrust into their shells, and India saw the advent of the Purdah system and the like. Men did this, saying that woman is so attractive that if she goes out in the main world she will face trouble. This situation pleased both men and women, men because they felt it was on opportunate moment to decry women and throw them centuries behind them. On the other hand, women took the help of their instincts of their love being praised and so, really believing men, they preferred to stay in purdah and indoors. This game of praise and appreciation continued for centuries till at last in the second half of the 20th century women awoke and realised that men had been coolly fooling them and they were taking it all lying down and happily. In the mid 20th century women started stepping out of the four walls of their homes and started going to schools, colleges, clubs and then offices gradually. With this advent of opening a haven of premissiveness, women took a big leap. They were not to be satiated only by studying now, in the third quarter of the 20th century; their desire to enter into
nation building grew vigorously. Now they started entering into all educational institutions, offices, hotels, hospitals, etc. They left no arena untapped and it is this situation where we stand now at the end of the 20th century. This entry of women in the main stream of nation building is undoubtedly very encouraging but, at the same times this achievement is mot without, a fatal sacrifice of the home. At the end of the 20th century and the beginning of 21st century the scenario is rather bleak. The women in their own status may have won and will continue to rise but their contribution to the family and society is bound to be decreased. The trend in this direction is already set. The women once they are educated automatically and naturally become less submissive and less pliable so the educated women pose serious problems of maintaining peace at home. Now, once they start working, they gather more air and become wholly independent and less of home birds. This change over of the women from the home to the office has given them some solace, but it has been a sad day for the home. In the 21st century if things continue to be like this, women may have nothing to-do with their homes. Family life will be disrupted and children will be totally neglected. There will be no social commitment of a family because in the busy day¶s routine, socialising will find no place. The homes will get fragmented which will certainly result in a near broken society. All this because the women will have no time and interest and energy to spare for the family and society.
Posted by Ashok at 8:20 AM 0 comments Labels: Socio-Cultural Essays
Sunday, September 7, 2008
If I were a Millionaire
Million rupees is quite a big sum, even when the rupee is so much devalued. Oh! How wonderful it would be if I were ever to get a million rupees and what, yes, what would I do with it. Just let me think and make out my plans for, one never knows when Lady Luck comes and knocks at my door and I am found napping. So let me put on my thinking cap and start, yes start. If I were a millionaire, would life have to change for me? Would I spend it all on myself and my family.But, how would I do that, I already have all that I want for a comfortable and happy living, how and what would I add? Could then I be in a position to help others in need, with that money, as, with a million to spare, I could render a lot of help to several people in need. Yes, yes, that is the moot point would I spare it or take it as if it was my earning and cling to it as, we all cling to hard earned money for it was to be in reality my earning, the earning of my luck, if not my hard work. However, in better moments I¶d think I manage to fulfil all my needs with the normal income what can I do with an extra amount of money, and that also so much of it, Oh! I¶m confused and I cannot visualize what would be right for me to do in the very circumstance.
I would like to ensure treatment of the urban poor in good. establishing old age homes would find place in my list of services. moral and self reliant. A storehouse of knowledge would be constructed in the shape of a public library. I may take a short holiday with my family. we can never feel satiated. This is because I know that the desires of man are unlimited and unending. I feel. I would love to be. No matter how much we have. I would spend all this money as my contribution towards man¶s basic needs. as. Such money. now is the time to fructify those very plans.
Posted by Ashok at 5:02 AM 5 comments Labels: Socio-Cultural Essays
Some Indian superstitions
India is considered as one of the most superstitious country because here many are ignorant. Why I chose these areas of service ± the cause is not far to seek ± these are the areas that have remained untouched by any one safe and they are the greatest sufferers in todays. if I were to become a millionaire these items would remain in top priority of expenditure. at a later stage be able to earn a livelihood. come out of the labyrinth of confused thoughts. poor people would get educated.Come on. So. I would love to use more for the benefit of others than for the fulfillment of my desires. As far as I am concerned. I would also start for the poor only some vocational centres where they would be taught skills by virtue of which. brethren. and this money I would definitely like to spend for the benefit of others. So. I¶ve got it all. makes my heart cry and I wish I can do something for them. they would. backward and believe in the power of omens. I have some plans which would only be possible if God would bloss me with a gift of such money that I could conveniently spare. besides knowledge. Ignorance leads to superstition. This would be financed by me for at least a few patients. The plight of the poor sick in our country is absolutely heart rending. of some little use to someone else. and that is all I¶II spend on myself.
. well established hospitals. I genuinely believe they have a share in all that God gives me. would also give the readers insight into their behaviors. Old age homes for the poor old would also find a place of priority in my list of services I would like to render. If I ever get a big amount of money to spare. This library would have books which. This education may not be in the form of formal kind but this education would help in making the poor. In today¶s fast moving and uncaring society I feel that the old people have a very sad and dejected life. at the doors of which. some of my less lucky. But God is great and He has given me the satisfaction in as much as I have. the rest of it all. I remember I have some specific plans which have been eating dust due to lack of money reserves. it is really difficult to plan expenditure of an unexpected huge amount of money that¶s true but. The plight of the old. if I ever become a millionaire I would spend all the money on my comrades for.
Such superstitions have a solid reasoning and common sense behind their cause. But in some people. their food should always be given in covered places. Even in some other countries the
. such people always live in a fear of ghosts and take each step of daily routine keeping in mind the superstition associated with it. particularly with reference to sights of ghosts and evil-spirits. there is a superstition existing. It is usually seen that biggen children try to cross the little children. Such superstitions can rightly be told to children for their safeguards. Man is a social animal and is weak in his conscience. it is not considered good to go out. In broad daylight. no one has ever seen a ghost or gets afraid thinking a ghost is nearby. The grown-up children or adults should not cross-over small babies.People want to achieve all their ambitions without putting the best efforts. Superstitions have indeed led the people to believe in the existence of supernatural beings. Superstitions also teach science in very common. Seeing a one-eyed man early in the morning is considered so bad that people think that they won¶t get any meals during the day. It is said that the small babies should not be fed outside. the peepal trees are considered abodes of ghosts at night. it is taken as a sure sign of coming ruin and destruction to the family of that house. It is considered an ill-luck if we see a man with an empty pitcher or if a cat crosses one¶s way. All superstitions are signs of human weakness. This is perhaps to avoid exposure of food to possible bacterial infection outside. Actually there are so many common and small superstitions that at each place. The increase in awareness and education level can definitely remove most superstitions associated with various innocent and ignorant people of our country. due to presence of an evil-spirit or ghost in a lonely or dark corner. the number of superstitions is much higher in India. We keep all such happenings at the back of our minds and go on thinking whenever lonely or in the dark. Similarly some of other superstitions prevent us from doing such activities which can do harm in terms of scientific approach. We should come out of such ignorant superstitions and try to be in good humour for good of all. Today. Many superstitions are made for betterment based on their inherent advantages. Similarly. If one sneezes. But it is not considered a good sign. Some superstitions are prevalent not only in India but also in many other countries. That is why he lives in fear of unknown dangers that may strike. it is truly sure that such cross-overs can injure the little babies. They are interested in performing many ceremonies and follow the persons who tell them the impact of evil spirits. under the open sky. If an owl is seen sitting on top of house. Like plucking of a flower at night is considered a sin. these superstitions are so deeply rooted that any kind of convincing would do nothing to remove their superstitious faiths. most of the educated youth do not pay any attention to such superstitions and treat it all as nonsense. However. This for betterment of people because a closed well can store various poisonous gases which if leaks can cause fatal injuries. All these are considered ill-omens and highly inauspicious. The wells which have been closed are considered as underground houses of evil spirits. popular and acceptable ways. Actually we ourselves are causes of such unforeseen misfortunes and accidents. A guest is predicted if a crow starts crowing early in the morning at one¶s rooftop.
Muslims are. and Muslims should proudly assert their Indian identity. They are protecting their own political interests or those of powerful socioeconomic exploiters. Muslims need to explain their position on issues concerning Muslim identity. by and large. They need to reiterate that they do not harbour any protective feelings towards migrants from Bangladesh. have led the community to near disaster.number thirteen is regarded as very inauspicious. The wall of distrust between Hindus and Muslims must be demolished and open-ended dialogue should be started between the two communities. Hindus too cannot just wish away the Muslims. The most common complaint against Muslims is that they are preoccupied with their separate identity and refuse to become a part of the mainstream. The post-demolition period has witnessed the emergence of enough voices of sanity and modernization among Muslims. Hindus need to be reminded that there have been three wars between India and Pakistan. who fall victim to aggressive propaganda. A related myth propagated by communal forces against Muslims is that their loyalty lies
. as distinct from the Hindutva unmistakable stamp of native Indian influences. 2008
Need to promote communalism in India
Communal situation in India has improved substantially during the last few years but there is a need to further strengthen this relative peace. People don¶t like to be associated with this number.
Posted by Ashok at 5:01 AM 1 comments Labels: Socio-Cultural Essays
Saturday. Muslims must make Hindus understand they are an integral part of the Indian mainstream. loyalty and their personal laws so that mutual antagonism between the two communities comes to an end. Muslims have to stress that they consider Kashmir an integral part of India and will not be found wanting in defeating Pakistan¶s design. unfortunately. but would favour proper identification through a competent administrative machinery to ensure that poor Indian Muslims are not victimized. So we have superstitions not only in India but all over the world though in varying degrees. The recent condemnation by Muslim intellectuals of the stand taken by the OIC on Kashmir goes to prove the point Hindus must take note that. They are not against their deportation to their own country. However. There is a communication gap between the two communities. Both the Hindus and Muslims should understand that aggressive and ambitious leaders do not represent the masses. September 6. The dialogue has to take place essentially at the non-political level. The dialogue has to be conducted by ordinary Muslims and Hindus at a one-to-one level shorn of any prejudice. by their confrontationial attitude. bewildered and angry at those leaders who. It is time that Muslims rethink their strategies. Muslims are Indians by choice. Muslims can¶t be expected to give up their religious beliefs as demanded by the RSS under the garb of ³cultural assimilation´. It is the masses of both communities.
Indians are proud of him who led India to the path of freedom. Ironically. in fact. an economist.with the Islamic world. The level of literacy among Muslim women is definitely much lower and there is a pressing need for reforms in this area. common already. He was essentially a man of the masses and an ideal of the millions. the Muslim population growth is less than that of the Majority community in Bihar. Nonetheless. The position of Muslim women is no different from that of Hindu women. and a sizeable section of the community practices it. Even the rate of divorce among Muslims is lower that that among Hindus. social and economic conditions
Mahatma Gandhi who is also called ³Rashtrapita´ was a unique personality. unfortunately. Being the champion of love and peace. he was respected and loved all over the world. have been engaged in fratricidal violence in the name of religion. Rajsthan and Uttar Pradesh. Today¶s world is making rapid strides in Science and technology. They are partners in power along with Hindus. Apart from the essentially religious links. Muslims have a unique opportunity in India. needs to be countered. There are widespread misconceptions among Hindus about the position of women in Muslim society. The population of any group or nation trends to stabilize at a certain stage and the Muslim population is expected to stabilize at around 15 percent of the local population. He preached to the world the ideas of unity and brotherhood. They are neither the rulers nor the ruled. In the process. Only marriage succession laws are an issue. In socially and educationally advanced states like Kerala and Tamil Nadu. He worked for the upliftment of the Harijans. Muslims have to dispel this notion by making it clear that their only link with Islamic nations is with the holy sites.
. Any confrontation with Hindus will cripple Indian Muslims as well as the nation. a social reformer and an advocate of non-violence and what not. we who were once the torchbearers of spiritualism. The misconception that Muslims are trying to overtake the Hindu population by multiplying fast.
Posted by Ashok at 9:25 PM 0 comments Labels: Socio-Cultural Essays
Gandhi¶s philosophy in context of Indian religion. They should build pressure on the Muslim leadership to shun the politics of confrontation and instead opt for the policies of co-operation. Islam is not opposed to family planning. Large parts of the civil and criminal laws are. are not aware of the Muslim marriage system. Hindus. a great saint. People travel thousands of miles to help others in distress. some uniform norms and standards may evolve. Sikhs and others. the community has nothing to do with their brethren in the Islamic world. Muslim society is relatively free from the evils of dowry. They must be prepared to meet this challenge and avail of the opportunity. He was the greatest figure who dedicated his whole life to the cause of the common man. there is a case for reforming Muslim personal law just as there is an equally strong case for reforming other personal laws. Reforms to promote communalism take their own time. political.
They even sold their ornaments and other jewellery items to open shops where only Swadeshi goods were sold. He liked all without any type of discrimination based on religion. Gandhiji always advised the upper caster Hindus for justice to all those innocent and poor people whom the high class Hindus had enslaved and forced to live and work worse than animals. he said that the world can always be safe from effects of wars and destruction if everybody follows his teaching of love. People were persuaded not to even go to the shops which kept British cloth. and avoid the use of any imported material. He advised people to spin and wear these clothes. For him. He put all his efforts for social cause and justice to all. Gandhiji realized that thousands of poor masses are being exploited by the British rulers and such people were not able to get two square meals a day. In fact. In the pursuit of Swadeshi movement. His religion was truth and non-violence. He always emphasized that only cowards follow the path of violence and it is only brave people who fight their battle with the weapon of non-violence and always come out to be victorious. The cloth made in mills of England would find no buyers in India and British would have to leave the country within a short time. British cloth was burnt in heaps. At several places. He asked them to wear only swadeshi cloths and follow the economics of the charkha. non-violence and patience. he really expressed his opinions practically on each aspect of day-to-day life and invariably what he advised has far reaching impacts and importance even after 50 years of his death. the centre of the whole was the very basic of truth. The Mahatma Gandhi launched a movement called µQuit India¶ to ask the British rulers to leave India immediately to allow the Indian people to sort out their problems the way they like. The Indian people were getting crushed under the heels of poverty and social injustice. In this way. power and has become selfcentred and greedy. leather and other articles began to be made in India. He advocated equality in treatment to women. nationality and caste. He said that the eradication and untouchability were the very basic ± issues of his mission towards bringing about social reforms in India.Mahatma Gandhi did not believe in the theory that. ends justify the means. particularly who are working at par with their men counterparts. rather he always taught the people that it were the means that could justify the end. paper. He decided to give a new thought to economic problems being encountered by India and suggested very practial and easy solutions which are really a class of its own. Thus the British rule was also getting affected as it thought that in this way India would no longer be a profitable and economical market. even small articles of daily use like soap.
. He really stood to preach and practice self-sacrifice in the crazy world of today where each one of us is after wealth. Women took a leading part in this movement. matches. This was the way to give employment to hundreds of farmers who could not do anything for most part of the year and were getting poor and idle. He stood for religious values in a materialistic age. This made him one of the greatest religious thinkers of world history. He advocated his ways of self dependent by spinning the Charkha and use of swadeshi items.
but has always been really neglected also. it is increasingly disheartening to see it take the shape of a demon in India. the sadder and more shocking situation is when. Why this has come to be. it is no wonder that. The girls have always and everywhere been considered to be lesser of the two beings of the human species. the difference being only in the degree of suppression of the girl. automatically when this is the welcome accorded to her. It can not be imagined how this situation came into being but. Even to-day we hear of crimes and ill treatment of women and that also in an advanced country like the United States. labourers and child producing machines still persists to destroy the rising image of the women. the political weapon was the path of non-violence. can never prosper and progress. India is a third world country but. He tried to bring religion and politics closer.
Posted by Ashok at 9:23 PM 0 comments Labels: Socio-Cultural Essays
The Girl Child
The very fact that the girl child has become a topic of discussion and debate. when we see women in the outside world that earlier concept that women are mere chattels. India is continuously on the decline in most of its developmental aspects. Even now. This being a world wide phenomena. and the deteriorating position of women in the Indian social scenario. Gandhiji was always against the policy of separating morality from politics. Rather we must no co-operate with the British rule and wage a non-violent struggle to get freedom from the hands of foreign rule. points to the fact that. Gandhiji sought to arouse a feeling of self-conscience in every human being. He tried to moralise politics. Even our sacred books point to the fact that. the fact remains that. Gandhiji¶s policy was to hate the evil and not the evil doer. for. When this is the status granted to women even to ±day. and so. in the 20th century we call ourselves highly civilized. Inspite of cruel acts by the British rulers over this movement. the very day of her birth in a family. but. is beyond our comprehension. Mahatmaji fought bravely with patience and restrain.
. is the day of the doom of the family. such a sad situation having developed in the status of women is really shocking. This situation is a world wide phenomena. the girl still finds it more and more difficult to subsist on this planet. it becomes absolutely shocking to note the rising crimes against women. For him. this is something different to the other of the human species. His message to follow the path of non-violence is true even in today¶s world which is full of tension over small issues and superiority over the other. cultured and educated and all else. the girl has not only been considered as the lesser. a country where women are not respected. Indians believed that. It is with this background that. In a country like India with such an ancient civilization where it is believed that women were worshipped. It is true that.Mahatmaji gave this message to the people all over India ³Do or Die´. The girl child has always been derided. this is one country that has held women in high esteem and respect. He said that the British rule was an evil but we must not hate the Englishmen.
what is happening to the girls now is that. let us understand that. It is certain that. by suppressing women. in her role as a wife and a mother specially. if this half of the human population is considered as relevant to existence. Now when the male of the human species is so used to domination. an uncared for mother can never add to a family¶s happiness and growth. even mathematically. the society who neglects the women. the girl is also as much of a human being as the boy. we are not neglecting the individual girl. In reality. The very woman who gives man all that she has. this will snatch away from the man his centuries old platform of domination from him. she is not given any freedom of expression. and his character anc conduct. though the awakening to their rights has come among women. it is the women who give love. does not seem to realize that. the progress of the other half will automatically become doublefold. This can happen only if and when both women and men develop an attitudinal change. On the other hand the man. an unhappy daughter. action or thought and she continues to remain uncared for and a forlorn individual. In this of course. an unhappy wife and. with her own desires and aspirations and capacities. should be so maltreated? This speaks volumes of man. they are finding it an uphill task to fight it out with the authority of men. So. the world is at a loss of growth. they are sure to resent the rise of the other oppressed half. hate and wrath should become an object of care and nurturing. finds it rather taxing to adjust to the idea of women coming up to their standards. Is there any doubt that. The girl is not allowed to be educated. who always thought that he was the superior being. She should not be treated as a mere item of possession but taken as an equal partner in the country¶s destiny. and what a tragedy of life that. A country¶s progress is bound to be scuttled when half the population of girls and women are kept below average standards of existence. there are vested interests involved at least now. the girl child has a doublefold war front to fight it out for herself-one being the older women who do not allow the girl to rise. It is shocking to realize that. In this scenario. and also all the finer aspects of life which in reality make this life worth living. by the other half. sacrifice and all happiness to main involves. who are naturally not liking the coming up of women. and above all the girl gives the man service till she lives. at this stage of the growth of the girl in the 20th century. and the other is the male counterpart who have the fear of seeing her become an equal as. we are forgetting that. as. Should this not be matter of shame for man and his world. what the present situation is in India is also true about the whole world but of course it is not as bad as it is in India and this is because of lack of education among the girls. This is simple mathematics of progress which seem to be missed upon.what could be awaiting her for her to enjoy through life. as. it is the same man who misuses her goodness and service. The girl child who has till now been an object of disgust. but we are neglecting the very fountain of existence. they can see their domination being brought to naught. they do not seem to understand the need for it.
. When we neglect the girl. Only when this happens can a country take a true recourse to progress. and realize the fact that. Practically speaking also.
that. These are the few values of human behaviour that are appreciated everywhere. with her own feelings and aspirations. make them a species apart. the rupee is devalued which means that. Few of these values are universally appreciated and taught and can never lose their relevance in the world scene. These will never be called outdated or misplaced. and then from each other. It is because they gave strength of head and heart to individuals and societies that they were termed as values. They still do exist but have lost their relevance in the sequence of things. with distinct qualities and capacities meant to supplement and complement each other rather than one being the first and the other being the second. What we have to consider in this place is whether these values have lost their sheen and strength. an that will end all the strife for her. first from the animals. Values is the name given to certain human virtues which are believed to be necessary for human existence. modesty and simplicity. The values that individuals or societies have. Only when we start realizing this fact. it has lost its original value. For instance. men and women are two partners.However. and never the two can be same. it is often heard that. a girl is also as much of a human as a boy. In exactly the same way. why does the girl have to be an equal to the boy. Only if we could take in this basic issue this war of nerves of acquiring the first position by either. she should have a position of her own in the family and the society. It would be best for us to remember that a girl is a girl and a boy is a boy. and so have got devalued. the values just mentioned have not got lost but. which in turn means that these values have lost their value and have got devalued. They do not have to be same or equal. they have lost their market value. we
. it is amply clear that. even being financially independent does not make women more or even equal to men. we will be able to end this long standing struggle for the girl child. they are just individuals with their own responsibilities. By now. For instance. let us take the value of a rupee. It is values that go to identify individuals and societies as separate enities. have their own impartiance and deserve same respect and love and adoration. and will always continue to be called virtues. in the market. Values truly keep changing but what is really good can never be called bad. Let us now analyse why these are called values. These values may exist or may not exist but. and the boy have his own. These few values are honesty. Why should there be any need for us to make such a fuss about the girl? She is also a human that is all that we have to remember. even to-day when the girls are being educated and taking up careers they still remain as second in the two-why? This is because we are not able to understand the fact that. The one thing that is to understand. they can never be called bad anywhere in the world at any time of existence. justice. would stop forthwith.
Posted by Ashok at 11:44 AM 0 comments Labels: Socio-Cultural Essays
Devaluation Of Values
Let us first consider what we know about the meaning of the word µvalues¶.
Here we see the loss of the great value of justice. µjustice delayed is justice denied¶. Here it comes the devaluation of the value of honesty. and given to the highest bidder. we can not say that. honesty is not rewarded and the dishonest are never punished. not even to me a simple citizen of India. or at any time of any century teach our children that. It is high time that. Just for an example. or is not given AT ONCE. in to-day¶s scenario. does this make any sense? N. bringing up others helping
. but. It will not be out of context here to discuss our rulers. The present scenario of India is our centre stage of discussion. the Rajas are fast nibbling away and feeding upon what belongs to the country and the countrymen ± what a somersault the values have taken. The rulers.e. Regarding the value of justice. in turn does not reduce the greatness of the value of honesty. and it is really heart breaking to see the India of ages gone by having taken the shape of the so called modern India where. the dragon found it convenient to give literacy a back seat in its governance. to-day. the relevance of honesty may decreased as we may stop giving it any weightage but. On paper we often read that. honesty for one has lost all its glitter. and they would have read the lines written on the walls and seen through the camouflage of the democracy we are. we will never call it a bad habit to be honest. the politicians did not want the spread of literacy honestly and so it did not happen. Why do you think that. justice can be of any utility only if it is given in time. Where is our Raja going? In a country where the Raja sacrificed all that was his for the country and countrymen. Fancy punishing a person for a crime he committed 20 years back. where do we find justice? In a country where justice was the hallmark of governance. justice is not been given these days but it is a commodity for sale. the number of honest people is on the decline and when we find glamour on the other side of the fence. This is because. so. justice has become a word to be scoffed at. and takes the shape of a mere hoax. they are found to be enjoying the best of everything. the countrymen would not be easy prey to the dragon of the politician if they were educated. for the last 50 years. in no part of the world. it loses its very essence. but it may now be placed low in the hierarchy of values due to its being non-result oriented. then why is there no change in the scenario? There is no change because.can. This. i. the numbers on the other side of the fence are increasing by leas and bounds. it is wrong or bad to be honest. even after 50 years of self rule. With this situation prevailing. This was done for a very simple reason. it is very sad to realize that people who matter never seem to give a thought to this simple statement. to be honest is bad though we may agree that it is difficult. and also fruitless. When justice can not. This makes the value of honesty irrelevant in the present scenario. and it is only in a bundle of dates given to all clients. If the people were educated they could not have been be fooled as they have been. India has not achieved a respectable percentage of literacy? The reason for this is just one ± the ruler. in the face of the changes. India has a very rich and ancient cultural heritage.. understood that. So here also we see the value of love for others. people who matter. Leave alone the punishment of the dishonest. and honesty becomes a thing of the past. bringing up others. for it is they who put the first step forward for others to follow. but yes. it is sure that they also know this fact.
In this way. In these days of competition friendship has become a rare commodity. or how educated we are. whom we can only know. besides being a human being also an individual with his little aspirations and egos. Our value is not what we know. Modesty which was once considered an adornment of people is now converted. Values of life are all lost and only the value of money prevails. to-day the only thing we live by is our strength of money. This little individual is. the bad values will also find their way out of our lives one day-let us wait and watch. No they are very much on the horizon but. let us analyse what do we live by then? The answer is very simple. emotion and service and many others which are finer feelings like them have been given up with the winds of the times now there is absolutely no essence in these values as we have all. SELF predominates our life style we have no place left for the friend. He is always looked upon as somebody who must do only what his elders tell him to do.others being replaced by the value of be fooling others. Modesty is another word that has said a good bye to the modern people. September 4. behave only as his
. no friendship can fructify. leading us on to problems of new and varied nature. we have to shout for appreciation. Regarding the qualities like love. These finer values having disappeared and are off and on. just as the good values are lost. This is because. we have lost all the finer values of head and heart that make life really worth living. the present day politicians have taken full advantage of the foolish and simple public to fulfil their right and wrong ambitions. there are only acquaintances. how good we are. 2008
Children have their woes/reasons
All of us have reasons for doing and saying whatever we do or say. Each individual is found blowing his own trumpet to attract attention of others. Friendship requires a lot of sacrifice and to-day. let us accept. never treated as an individual. the rulers. Friendship is a quality of the past. so. I am very optimistic and feel that. and showing off whether it be the body or ones achievements has become the hallmark of the present day Indians. for. we do not cherish them any more. Now once we have lost so many values. This does not mean that these values have gone. Money has taken the place of all values and devalued them all. We somehow refuse to believe that the child is.
Posted by Ashok at 11:42 AM 0 comments Labels: Socio-Cultural Essays
Thursday. But we elders normally fail to understand that children also have their own worries and their own reasons. These values wait for us to understand their worth and come back to us on some later day. but can not expect to be of any help to us in times of need. there is nothing in us that will automatically attract. each one of us has become very selfish and self centred. a word forgotten. lost all of them. crushing others and eating into others. we have forgotten the very word of sacrifice and so. our value is measured by all that we can buy with the money we possess. and as soon as. into a misnomer. In the present day scenario there are no friends. in our arena. for.
It does not mean that elders should not lead the child. no one ever seems to be punished for this out and out disobedience. intermingled with his own little brain thinking planning and opting for what he. children these days are not obedient. Now. This. This is all very well said but when they see some people getting places of esteem on a platter what respect can they ever have for hard work and diligence. For example as elders we teach him continuously that. act and react. Then when he takes a particular path of telling lies or not telling lies. Talking of a child let us be clear of whom we term as a child. success comes to those who work. reason out and wonder why they are being instructed to be obedient. the child is also an individual with his own will and brain. the child begins to reason out for himself and does what he. He has his own reasons which come out of his own capacity as an individual to understand. Then they have their own reasons for being disobedient. prefers to do. when he sees his parents or other elders telling lies. Now this category of children who are on the threshold of adulthood start becoming aggressive as they start reaping the results of their behaviours. Wherever they go. This in turn makes him a mentally maimed adult. If the two are identical. for instance. The child who is very young say about 2 ± 6 years old. this in itself proves that.elders tell him to. They feel that when disobedience is in the thing everywhere then why should they not follow the same. They see their parents. when there is a gap between what we do and what we teach. we call them as children. teachers and others of the adult world flouting rules and regulations at every step so. he must not tell lies but. as an individual thinks is right or what he. In this very domination of sorts bring the gap between the generations I daresay. there is. they analyse in their minds. they find disobedience to rules. This is because. as an individual thinks appropriate. he is an individual also. We elders should not try to impose upon him our likes and dislikes to such an extent that either he revolts or he loses his own power of thinking and planning for himself. For example we often hear elders say that. and so much so. with some caution of remembering that. the children first do what they feel is correct or is result oriented. When we try to bring up a child we have to be very careful about what we do and what we teach. The answer is quite clear when there are no clear cut paths to tread upon. it is very well said but what they see all around is disobedience for excellence. When obedience is a missing number everywhere then. he has his own reasons. to norms and regulations and to cap it all. We tell them all the while to work hard as. he starts reasoning out why lies should be spoken or not spoken. then the child just mimics and learns but. even like and dislike what his elders want him to. we do not understand why he does so. In this way he has his reasons for doing whatever he does. leaving the elders unaware of the why and what of his action. do we adults ever try to understand why they are so. when we tell them to obey. besides being a child. they have to but. copies his elders to some extent. Their power of reasoning tells them that may be diligence paid dividends in the by gone past. remember. it is a bridge that cannot be crossed. It is easy to just condemn but. Even after the age of say 6 to. a very justifiable trend of disobedience. it has apparently no value in the
. when there are no clear examples to follow.
Seeing these few examples. with hardly any civilized existence. early man lived like an animal. undoubtedly claim to be far ahead of our forefathers in scientific and technological advancement. fast life and fast death. Life can be called good only when there is a balanced admixture of all the ingredients of life. Yes. when we delve into lives of our forefather of say 2 or 3 generations back. that is. The comparison between his life and ours can thus hardly be drawn as. the family and the society. lived in caves. we do get storehouses of knowledge and entertainments at our very doorsteps. if we see the life of the early man and that of ours today. and also give us a sea of knowledge. duty. fast money. From this standard of living of the early man we have come a long way into civilization. to call it better or worse. I daresay that. the two stalwarts of the Indian nation are giving way under the immeasurable pressure of fast technological growth. and enjoyment. They lived very simple lives and also quite comfortable ones. but have we ever pondered for a moment as to what all we have had to sacrifice for all this. Is this a family? When such families make a society. we have to assess what we really want from life.present scenario. let us analyse where this so called modern progress is taking us. life of our forefathers was much better than ours today. Now. comfort and hard work. where does our
. Then. For this. No one member of the family is aware of what the other members are busy doing. Each member of the family is busy in his own quest for knowledge. we have to accept that whatever the younger generation is today. So. To conceptualise real life of the two generations. Our duty as elders is to help them to reason correctly and not to subdue them to such as extent that they revolt. This peculiar and difficult balance could be found to some extent. In our times. All these benefits did not accrue to our forefathers. we will have to accept that our lives are much better than the lives of our distant forefather ± that is. at the most leaves covered his body. in the generation that reigned in the middle of the present century. wore next to nothing or. These have provided for us several gadgets which make life for us very comfortable. He went in search of food just like animals. these are two types of lives of two extremes. Their attitude of indifference to work is then quite justified.
Posted by Ashok at 9:06 AM 0 comments Labels: Socio-Cultural Essays
Life is better for us than what it was for our forefathers
When we talk of forefathers we may include our elders from the very early stages of life. what can be expected of life. a proper balance of work and entertainment. So much so that we are in the process of breaking the family links. We must remember that in dealing with them at any stage of their childhood that they and individuals like any one of us and are thus bound to have their reasons for all that they do. This is because. The correct perception and comparison can be drawn. it is our making. without much of a hullabaloo of fast growth. We have had to give up all social get togethers and family outings which were a treat to the previous generations. the early man. Today we can.
this tension is not of getting all we want but. where is the love. Today finding these qualities in people around us is like trying to hold the wind our palms. If we are mentally disturbed. The small children are spending most of their time in crèches and the parents are busy in money brokering. If we keep struggling for all this. children who would served them in the evenings of their lives. their money spinning keeps them on toes. kept the previous generation happy. it is the tension of getting all that others have. and they are forever on tenterhooks. This life of so fast a pace is leading this generation to known and unknown maladies. We must remember at this point that our bodies and the minds are one composite whole. and it is just this which makes us unhappy in the midst of all amenities and affluence. These are the pleasures that we of today long for. to all others. So. at their beck and call but. may I ask as to what is the use of having things and never being able to enjoy them ± is n¶t it worse than not having them. tension of getting what? Here I would daresay that. All people seem to want to have just what they do not possess. where are the bonds which our forefathers savoured.generation go to find other necessities of a happy life. our forefathers were better off than us. Regarding enjoyment also the irony of this so called progressed generation is that. So. Is this the life that we cherish. we will always remain tense. It is this that
. for we must realize that. To this attitude I¶d say there is no remedy. The happiness of the previous generation was I think due to the great gift of µsatisfaction¶ that they had. or they did not want to live better but. and this tension will cause all kinds of ailments. apparently. To-day we find no one. the physical aspect cannot remain unaffected. Regarding society also I¶d say that our forefathers enjoyed the pleasure of social gatherings which were meant for celebrating happy occasions in the family and the society. it is no wonder. and this was the master key to their happy and wholesome existence. They worked to improve but. Where are the ties. care and all that was? The new buzzword of modern life is tension ± I say. all of us cannot get everything that all others have. plainer and happier. no one at all satisfied with whatever he has. like love care and all else? Our forefathers enjoyed the plum pleasure of loving caring families. which is missing now. which I feel. This an attitude of living in a fool¶s paradise. they were happy with what they had and at the same time tried to improve their lot. very closely effecting each other. The family is fast disintegrating with elders having been thrown out of the family ambit. remained happy with whatever they possessed. which make life worth living. This was a wonderful combination of attitudes. they have all modes of entertainment. It is not that they did not try to improve their lot. Where do we go to search for these essentials of life. which is completely devoid of love. as they were earlier. in this aspect also. yes. than avenues of helping each other. and this is exactly what contributed to their high level of happiness. These qualities found often in most people in earlier times must have made human relations easier. It is not that to ± day have become platforms for showing off our all. This attitude was a missing number in the previous generation. Another thing though inanimate. where is the time from money spinning. and all that the others possess. was enjoyed by our forefathers in great abundance were qualities of honesty sincerity and devotion.
where can we of this generation find solace and peace of mind. This is very true but.makes life difficult and even miserable to most of us. A society that is really educated. or then consider it a lost cause? I feel that the reason is mainly in our education. everywhere. Here again. Let us remember no matter how much we advance in any sphere. Summing up the lives of our forefathers and ours. Today. the outcome is chaos and here it is. how much educated we are if we lack discipline. We have no understand that all the confusion and chaos we see everywhere is the result of a simple thing-lack of discipline. in whatever sphere we dabble we have to encounter dishonesty insincerity and lack of dignity. our lives are deserted. modern and a lot more but. must be a society that is absolutely obedient and thereby absolutely disciplined. Let us now analyse why this has happened and can we find any solution for it. the training of the mind to obey instructions. If we do not fit into the grooves of these disgusing qualities. agreed we are educated. life at home. Though we have progressed apparently but. in the true sense.
Posted by Ashok at 9:02 AM 0 comments Labels: Socio-Cultural Essays
These days there is a lot of talk discipline having gone down. and we can never achieve any progress till we attain a
. need no rules to be laid down for us. let us quite clearly understand what discipline really means. This is because we think that since we are educated we can do what we know or feel is correct. just think when every so called educated person does what he/she thinks is correct. Discipline is in essence. in office and in society is virtual torture where can we claim to be better off than our forefathers. or still further we do not need any rules and we need not follow anyone. and do not need any discipline. this training of the mind to obey was found in all people and in every sphere of functioning but to-day it is missing everywhere. yes. They were happy and content which I think is the essence of life. all the good things that make life livable are missing in our modern pattern of life. However our education has inculcated this awkward feeling within us and. The obvious and simple result is that India today is a picture of absolute indiscipline. the bug of dissatisfaction is grasping our very existence. Here is exactly where we falter. we find it impossible to function. and indiscipline being rampant in every feasible sphere of life. and making life meaningless and void. no matter what else we have if we miss upon this. we are just as indisciplined animals of the jungle. With all these negative qualities to be faced every where. This is a very unhappy misnomer that has crept up in our attitudes that. our forefathers have taken the cake. we do not need to obey or obedience is foolish. Today. It is a wonder though but it is true that we have started believing that we being intellectuals. I am of the opinion that the lives of our forefathers were positively better than ours. In the bygone days. brought us to the lowest ever level of discipline in the end of the 20th century. Wherever we go.
we have reached the zenith of chaos in every sphere of life.high standard of discipline. this shows we do not work because we have to work or that we are supposed to work. children who took their first breath in free India. If the time for office 10¶O¶ Clock I say that it being a modern office it will never start functioning at least before 11¶O¶ Clock. but again. Is this what discipline is all about? Back home. Always remember that discipline makes a home. and here we jump the red light. we see a wonderful scenario of absolute disobedience and lack of discipline. It is discipline that can work wonders with any nation. Such gross indiscipline can take or is rather taking our country to the gates of hell. big or small. We being a highly disciplined society in the 60s and 70s have degenerated to such an extent that. These children cannot be cowed down to any norms but they have their own ways of thinking and applying their minds. to a very limited extent. Besides. For one thing. just before the red light. the pride of the
. rules and regulations are made for good governance of any institution. To look for indiscipline now let us move out. if we all start doing what each one of us wants to do at any given time we will land us in a state of utter confusion and chaos. What does this show about us? It very clearly indicates that. Let us remember my friends that. Let us take a new look at our attitudes to discipline. education and freedom? From the road. just let us consider what the signal lights are fixed for. but we work only when there is someone to see us work. This I daresay is taking freedom too far. or because we are being paid for working. Indiscipline is a society can break it into smithereens and this is exactly what is happening. inside the office also. or scold us for not working. we do not become slaves but we are just being good citizens. on to the roads first. colleges and Universities. after all they are the children of the modern times. For. the boss is not yet in. for are they not an enlightened generation? In the schools. it makes a society. This may be quite true but. It appears that we believe that being able to do what an individual wants to do at any time. Is this what we understand about modernity. there is a row of white lines and the word STOP written in bold letters. and it is just this magic that makes a nation. we see the children doing what each one wants to for. the modern and educated Indians think that we know better than these lights. there is no work seen as. let us go to an office. yes. and also a right to its own privacy. no matter how small an instruction is given to us we are here to flout it. disobedient as we are. This is exactly what has happened to us today. Let us now analyse why is it that we have just got to be. yes got to be indiscipline? I personally feel that this is all because we have developed in us very wrong notions of education and freedom and modernity. is the true measure of freedom. to-day the right hand does not know what the left hand is doing. This is because we seem to believe that each hand has a right to do what it wants. They are there to tell us to go when the green light comes but we. We do not in any way become small by obeying any rules. By being discipline. we always cross the STOP mark and then stand in the middle of road. Now.
Let us take a pledge to develop in us the great force that is discipline. At one time we seemed to have an inbuilt system of obedience. Almost all the parents partner make children feel that the world is for them and they have not much to do for the world in return.
Posted by Ashok at 9:01 AM 1 comments Labels: Socio-Cultural Essays
. Frustration is a deep feeling of defeat that makes home in minds of an individual. it is imminent that frustration has to be the natural concomitant of the training period of the child. Aspirations and desires are always the hallmark of the young. which always existed and still exist among the young.nation. For till now he had been brought up to believe that he will get everything from the world but just opposite is the truth for. though unknowingly. Quite unwittingly. where has it gone and given its place to an inbuilt desire to break rules no matter to what effect. This is a rude shock to the young mind. and will be tomorrow. and I am sure we will not be far from excelling in every field of existence extent. he can get anything just heasr for. if he does nothing for it. This is not at all wrong and nothing peculiar to the young of today. the same fire can burn the very essence of a living community ± the youth. The world makes him realize very soon that it is he who is to do something in the world and that he is irrelevant to the world. The feeling that he can get anything he first deserve becomes a nightmare for him when he grows a little and realizes the bitter truth that. It is now time to retrospect and ponder over the latest genesis of these frustrations among the youth. This has always been and is today. When this proves to be untrue. and loses balance patience. They have all sorts of ideals of what life should offer to them. This is because they have not seen the world and have their own imaginations about the world and life in it. the way the parents bring up the children. The very seeds of these frustrations I feel are sown in early childhood days by the parents themselves. Why is this feeling in the young ones when they are expected to be bubbling with enthusiasm and the like? Youth is always the storehouse of energy. 2008
Cause of frustration among the Indian youth
Let us first of all analyse what is meant by the word frustration. In early childhoold it has been seen that the parents dote so much on the child that he naturally starts believing that. This in itself is enough to give a setback to the child. It is this training of the child in his early days of childhood that prepares the ground for his unhappiness and frustrations in youth. September 2. even as he just enters adolescence. Let us look for that inbuilt mechanism of obedience. the world does not care for anyone unless he is something in the world and for the world. enthusiasm and have an inbuilt fire of action burning within them. It is only this force that can bring us back to the old traditional cultural level which has been lost somewhere on our way in search of freedom. If this inbuilt fire for activity is not channelised in the proper direction. he is shocked out of his wits. If it is nothing so new then why the ± never ± before ± heard frustrations among the young.
To give a finishing touch to his home training come the very latest and modern modes of entertainment. but he has seen others with it. his parents and his mentors also start demanding from him. Besides the glamour. which he just does not get in real life. but what their elders deem fit or what the elders could afford. This happens because what he had seen on the television and the big screen is nowhere near what he gets. The glamour seen on these screens makes the still immature child feel that this is real life. earlier the children were taught to get their targets after working towards it. This gives him a big shock. From the very beginning. no matter how many adversaries. so they grew up with the art of sacrificing and not getting what they wanted. what adds to his already shattered aspirations is the violence he observes on the screen. This is an additional shock for the young mind. He also starts believing that violence is a means to an end. for one. and even in jail. He is utterly confused and does not understand what the world and life really are. Besides this. In the previous generations. At this point of time. They almost always get whatever they want. if you are strong you can win. gives the young child enough cause to be disheartened. or they ask for. and generous. The training imparted to them in general. This yawning gap between aspiration and realities is too large for them to bear. Oh! What a crash of his hopes when facts of living standards shatter all his dreams of a glamorous adulthood. This is what made them fit to face life as it really is. Fe we teach them this. they knew that they will not get whatever they want. We must be satisfied with the end product of disgruntled youth.does the world care for anyone and that he is not getting all that he wants of demands. It is an important matter of a very large magnitude that calls for immediate thought and action. Why did the youth of the prevbious time. we cannot expect a better return. is one of hit and run. say the previous generation not feel these pangs? For one thing perhaps. the youth were taught to stay within their means and the means of the family. his frustrations and disappointments take a hold of him. However. how can this ever end up in a harmonious outlook to life. Now. disappointed and frustrated with what life really is. This gives the young mind an idea that. love and the like. This is because. It is the collection of all these peculiar circumstances enveloping the modern child and youth that are causing frustration in him. and he himself had also been brought up with the desire for all that he sees. sometimes kind. If at all we really want to put an end to this wave of
. He sees that one person ± the hero fight away and wins dozens of adversaries. This makes them automatically get used to getting all just for the asking. and sometimes very unkind. he tries it at the first opportunity and he ends up all bashed up and bruised. what he sees on the screens by way of riches. this never gets translated in real life. children were never before pampered as they are today. the television and the cinema. snatch your choice and be done with it. All this together. This is also a quality very difficult to imbibe in the children of today because they see all around them elders resorting to every means to achieve their ends. lifestyle. Thus the causes of frustration in the modern youth lie within their style of bringing up. and leave all that doting. This again is bound to discouragement to his mind to get fulfill his expectations from life. Once he is so convinced.
The less they expect of it. This means that we are not simple because we do not want to. let us take each of these above mentioned values and try to study their utility in the present century. and it is these guidelines that we set for ourselves that are called values. we must bring them up with full knowledge of what a deal life is. the fact is that they do not become centres of attraction. it is not possible to find a single person who is simple in dress. I¶d like to say that. in office and in the nation. and not that it is not possible to exist if we are simple.frustration among the youth. What were these values. Now. we mean what are the basic standards of behaviour we have set for our lives.
Posted by Ashok at 10:28 PM 0 comments Labels: Socio-Cultural Essays
Relevance of Gandhian values in the 21st century
Let us first consider what really are values. the moot point is that. we all need some guidelines. how can we say that this value is not necessary
. It is not that they should not have ambitions or not do well. simplicity. without a clear cut pathway it would be difficult to tread. These values were. the happier they will be. However friends. the general norms we set for ourselves to live our routine lives in the family. and. no matter what the scenario. there are some values of behaviour that can never become irrelevant. merging with the common man. If the young are brought with a correct perspective of life. well. At this juncture. This attitude is because we are aping the west in all its entirety. today. It is not that simple people are not seen or that they are not liked or are shunned by society but. This is not because we cannot remain in the society if we are simple in thought and deep but. it is that we ourselves do not wish to be simple. in society. for. we cannot say that the value is not relevant. would we not like to get his name and fame? All this he managed to get inspite of his extreme simplicity. Simplicity. As far as these values are concerned not even the hardest of criminals will call any of them bad or irrelevant but. When we thus talk of values. if we want to be centres of attraction. can we follow these values in today¶s scenario? However there should not be any problem in following at least some of these values if not all of them. Wouldn¶t we all like to be as attractive as him. but this will prepare them for every failure that life may have to offer. but that we do not cherish the value. In all these aspects of life. which were relevant in the beginning of the 20th Century. and no matter what the Century. So. and have lost their hue in the 21st century. non-violence and prayer. where could we find a greater centre than the Gandhi. These are. Let us find out what are the basic values which we call as Gandhian. and their relevance in the 21st Century. they will know how to face discontent without committing suicide or taking to drugs. We are presently here to discuss Gandhian values. If we have left the beauty of simplicity because we want to. we prefer to be centres of attraction rather than be our true selves. in manners and behaviour. the 20th century produced. I daresay that.
. which may be. are we succeeding in returning violence for violence? The net result is an increase in violence the next thing we must analyse is. in a crowd of made up beauties. if all of us. people like Vinobha Bhave. all of us follow them just as meticulously as we are following the present qualities of degradation. i. However. the family. the parents and the children of the family. this
. are we achieving any worthy ends by being violent? I¶m sure all of you will agree that. Such sterling qualities will always be relevant but with a rejoinder that. Even in later times we have had simple people getting name and fame. here. It is this. bearing no fruit at all. Thus we can hardly underestimate the value of simplicity. and was a topic for the world to talk about. I would say that. is the smallest unit of a society. and prove his worth. resulting only in death and disaster. Baba Amte. We should try to find out ways and means to stop the existing vilolence instead of. at least three generations of a family living together. yes.
Posted by Ashok at 10:26 PM 1 comments Labels: Socio-Cultural Essays
Traditional social system of India
Through the ages past India has been very well known throughout the world for its strong social bonds. and there was much of fun and frolic all the time for the family. Mother Teresa and then. Then it is for us to understand that violence is only an experiment in futility. all of us decide to become non-violent because others are violent. we will all be happier and we will understand that these values of Gandhiji are not for any one period of away their utility. This single large joining family was as though a grand fete always.now. We can not say that simplicity is not of use now. This goes to prove that centres of attraction are made by other qualities which do not get stopped because people are simple.e. In India. violence only begets violence and it ends there. and this constituted the much talked of joint family of India. as there are no simple people. joining the bandwagon of violent people saying that. unde one roof. even to day if we all decide to remain non-violent. Regarding the value of non-violence. Let us ponder for a moment. that will always have its monumental importance. a simple person would be an oasis in the desert of show and show biz. I daresay that. When we consider a society. We have for long been the envy of several far off countries for this very tradition of social bonds. and sharing all that came their way together. even to-day. This system prevailed in India very successfully. These three generations were the grand parents. This included more often than not. no matter what the century. I an sure that. how can we then say that the value of simplicity is redundant now. It is this value of being simple in head and heart. we have to be so because others are violent. this is no practical approach to the problem of violence. Once a person is simple he has no qualms in mixing with the lowest of the low and this makes him really well known and popular. the first tier we have to consider and look upon. the family was the nucleus of the social structure. gives and individual more time to work on things more substantial. Just see the simple Mother Teresa what laurels she got throughout the world.
This advantage can be understood in the context of life today when we in trouble are absolutely alone to face the stress and strain. the same dowry system has become a convenient tool in the hands of
. The social fabric of the India of traditions was a remarkably well knit system. The system as envisaged at that time was very appropriate in the scheme of things at that time. the traditional social system of India was a very well knit. the society itself. as. Besides. What is society? This is just the conglomeration of a number of families. even next door neighbours do not know each other. Absolute obedience had to be given by all members to the eldest. So. the family was always together. they do not care to meet each other or help each other. This was a system of obvious occupation being handed over from one generation to the next. This must have even been torture at times specially when we see it all. the girls had no right in the father¶s property. what is wrong in this scheme of things? This is just an extension of the original caste system into the 20th century and beyond. This system was the giving of some jewels and other household goods and cash to the daughter at her wedding. because in the past. However. the son of a judge studies law. at least in big cities and towns. in this way. However. In times of stress there was never any loneliness as. This was the original of the Caste System as. This was a very well thought of system for the well being of daughters in a family. this is because they find it easier. The son of a farmer becomes a farmer. This again in the tradition of India presented a wonderful oneness of pattern. with all people for all others in the family or in the community. and the liberty of an individual was as though choked. This has been curiously exchanged for an absolutely opposite system evolved by the influence of the West. The next item of the tradition of the Indian social system is the much talked of Caste System. this money given to her at the wedding held her in good stead in times of emergency.system also had its inherent flaws as. This was very sensible at that point of time. and would not be able to fend for themselves in the event of a tragedy. this system inspite of all its defects had great inbuilt advantages for all the members. children always followed the traditional occupation of the father. the parents would be able to give her some part of their assets as her share in their property. now. girls were not educated. This has also been destroyed in the present scenario. as there is no one in whom we can confide. People could count on friends and relatives. keeping in mind the attitudes of freedom and adjustment today. Though even today. and other members of the family in times of need. well organized system that brought closeness among all its members. as the concept of the joint family of Indian tradition has now given way to the single unit family. whether they liked it or not. and they are adept to all its methodologies. the son of an actor becomes an actor. Another important tradition of the Indian society that we can not leave out of our purview is the famous Dowry System. Thus we see that. This was the system as it was meant to be and see what an ugly shape of separationism it has taken today. Next to the family comes the hierarchy of the social building. is it not true that the sons usually follow the occupation of the father. all members had to adjust a lot to each other at each step. so.
the family. are all found to be breaking under different pressures. It would be nice at this juncture. the women have no time. it is all crumbling into single family units. love and care. the society. The pillars of the erstwhile Indian society. These groups of like minded people only get together to break other groups of like minded people. The neat and well organized Caste System has taken an ugly shape due to the ugly designs of people at the helm of affairs in India for the last 50 years. The conglomerate of Indian families termed as the Indian society. and the loss in well nigh complete. A look at the big cities and towns is very very frustrating. and pester the girl continuously for more and more. Even this miniature family is further seen to be losing the feel of a family. Joint families have given way to small nuclear families. If we see with an open eye and an open mind and compare the society that was and the society that is. no matter how close to each other they may
. with a variety of influences specially from the west. the mother and the child. so the home.
Posted by Ashok at 10:25 PM 0 comments Labels: Socio-Cultural Essays
Decline of the Indian society in the modern era
Indian Society from times immemorial has been praised and praised by the world. the traditional social system was woven neatly in a compact and well considered system which is now giving way under the weight of the infiltration of the customs of the West and so called modern living. throughout her life. has now become a single unit with only the father. Not only this. By and by all the pillars of the traditional social system of India are giving way to a newly founded modern and western system of social upbringing and living. This genuine caste system has been distorted and multilated to a point of no return. This is because now. This is because. their wives and all the children. The family which at one time consisted of a strong bond of all brothers. the caster. if more dowry is not forthcoming the girl is even killed. the Indian society is facing a downhill march. the one piece society of the olden times has been broken into small incoherent groups. it may help us now to mend our ways before it is too late. and what it has become now in the so called progressing country that India is becoming. it is the home where the next generation is made. the husband. Regarding Society. and this is what our society consists of to-day. the child all suffer from lack of cohesion. I daresay hardly exists now. so even for this little bit of a family. Most of us do not even know who our neighbours are. women being educated. Thus we see that. to retrospect at what our society was. found to be working on jobs. and if this very institution moves towards breaking.the boy and his family to earn a dowry. However. This fragmentation of the one time joint family is not at all a fair omen for the country. and neither we care to know who they are. what would be at the end of the road is certainly not very inspiring. and the very concept of a large family is altogether blown to the winds. hardly even known to each other most of the time. This results is an extreme callousness of the people towards each other.
This is because she has now a career to make.
Posted by Ashok at 10:25 PM 0 comments Labels: Socio-Cultural Essays
A joint family was a phenomena found only in India of the bygone days. The society that was once a strong bond of love and care is now crumbling to dust and even vision to see each other is getting blurred. Education of women which should be considered as an asset for the country is becoming an eyesore. This is also because of the break up of the ties of love that were in a family. and in our search for this. Our society can be seen hiijaced from its original gradeur by aping the West. and that also in the same house. and more importantly. This made it possible for all children to remain in town. the sons and daughters-in-law were all treated as one family. we have lost track of all else. This system could prevail for decades for several reasons. Money earning money and earning more money is now our only prime concern. no consideration for the family. We have completely lost our inherent and traditional values. Now the children do not at all love their parents and neither do they feel obliged to the parents for all they have done for them. There is
. which can not be done unless she gives all her time and interest to it. This happened in the middle of the current century. the culture of single unit families was borrowed by India from their British counterparts.be living physically. At that time. Secondly. This really meant that. even if they did not like the idea. This system of joint family continued in India till the advent of the British Raj with which came the British culture. the parents with all their children and grandchildren stayed together under one single roof. If this situation continues to stay it will be no wonder to see that India has lost all sense and love for its traditions and values. First and foremost. In our society of to-day another section that faces a crisis is the section of the senior citizens. all the children stayed in the same town as. and all these members were obliged to listen to the dictates of the elders. uncared for and unhappy. This is making the senior citizens a category of left outs. its social fabric is sure to get dessimated. Now. This single aspect has contributed heavily to the loosening the bonds if any in the family and the society. and creating more problems in the social scenario. the deterioration of the Indian society is near complete by our complete lack of values that are essential to a togetherness in a living. little realizing that single unit families started evolving in India. If this trend continues for long the greatest treasure of India. The women working out of the home now have no to the time for family. no one went out of the town to another distant town in search of a job. This made them succumb into staying with the parents. A worse appearance of the Indian society could never have been envisaged. To cap it all. all these we have staked on the altar of money. and I daresay not even love for the family.
they are neglected.nothing in the world without advantages and disadvantages. the single unit families of today. They were never lonely. it remains to be true of the joint family system also. The joint family has a great advantage in the gift of the feeing of unity among all the members of the family. so they got a handsome return for all their labour during youth. All the children of the family knew each other from their childhood and never felt a difference between cousins and their real brothers and sisters. and a lot of elders to cherish them. the whole joint family was together in any eventuality to enjoy or fret. This is a curse to elders more than to anyone else. if it was not for equal distribution of earnings. but the level of toleration and understanding was so very high that not a single member dared to raise an objection to the system. but it had its own drawbacks. The cares of housekeeping were not their liability. The children and if not they. On the contrary. From the present standards of great extent. it was the dictates of the elders that always prevailed in the family. the system must have been a boon. young men of the family
. This was a special asset for the children who always had the pleasure of company of their equals in size to play with. The single unit family has come into being mainly because now. are a singular curse for the elders more than anyone else in the hierarchy of the family. There was a fair point in this. In days of celebrations and in times of despair. cared for each other and the children all grew together. Now. In times of despair and tragedy specially. An individual was never left alone to cry and die alone. All this gave them a very comfortable living in the evening of their lives. for. An old adage depicts this so truly that. the greatest advantage of the joint family system accrued to the elders of the family. her children could be given more. they were given their due respect and regard by each member of the family. even removed from the family. The burden of housekeeping was shared by all the men and women and no one individual was made to feel burdened with the load of domestic tasks. Above all. and it could even be justified. This might have been very good for the family as a whole. but does this not happen in every system. the system of joint family was not without its advantages. The system had its flaws and great advantages too. all the members of the family lived together. The system did give advantage to one at the cost of another. so there could be no differentiation between the children of one brother and those of another. Besides. I feel that. no matter how large it may have been. and with this. It was not possible that the children of one brother studied in a public school and the children of another brother studied in a municipal school. at least their mothers could have felt that their children were suffering at the hands of the system. and not the children of any one couple in the family. In this system the elders had the finest share of it all. They had no cares and they were very well looked after. The children of the family were the children of the family. They felt wanted and cared for. and so never felt alone. ³one man¶s food is another man¶s poison´. just because their fathers were of different financial standards. but still. Each member felt part. which were shared and managed easily. unwanted and more often than not. an integral part of the whole. yes. the horros of a tragedy were minimized.
they are absolutely unconcerned with whatever happens to prices. in this scenario. where is the scope for elders to be attended to when children cannot get the attention they well deserve. in a joint family grew together. The children from the age of two or even earlier. absolutely unmoved and untouched no matter what happens to the economy of the country. Just imagine when these children grow up. The children who. who else can be looked after in such a family. do not even know the names of their cousins. they will have no friends and no colleagues in the family. the most hard hit are the elders of each family. not only the physical lock but. in the form of a feeling of security and belongingness. To add to the separation due to the job hunting of the men. today. So in this change over of the family system. Above all the new problem that we have created regarding our senior citizens will also vanish. a lock is put to nearness. but wherever possible. When this happens.
Posted by Ashok at 10:22 PM 6 comments Labels: Socio-Cultural Essays
Sunday. no matter what happens to the economy. 2008
The Indian Middle Class
In any country.
. and no one who can help or would even care to help.are going out of their homes in search of better jobs so. at the same time. brothers and their families and the parents should live together. each individual is lonely and forlorn. for they will be looked after by the young. there has to be a lock outside the house. their staying under one roof becomes impossible. This class is usually synonymous with the business class whose income seems to increase with every rise in prices. there is no one to talk to no shoulders to rest upon and cry one¶s woes. and they will always remain so. are put into crèches and learn whatever is available to them. The third class of society known as the middle class is the most important class of a society. This is because they can afford anything at any cost. as. coming out the women also to work has given the final death blow to the joint family. Even the children of working mothers suffer due to lack of affection and care so. August 31. This is the poor class. When the woman goes out to work. The second class to whom also rise in prices and any turn of economy makes no difference. In such a high dry scenario. It is undoubtedly true that now everyone is free to do what ever he or she wants to do. mainly as per their financial status. none of the individual son is willing to accept the responsibility of the old parents. a society can be neatly divided into three main classes. The top class is the rich class which is a class by itself. Both the family systems have their advantages and disadvantages. it will certainly mean some sacrifice from all members but it will not be without an ample return. familiarity and friendship amongst the members of the family. What to talk of a joint family. and. and will surely be very very lonely. even a single unit family hardly remains a family in its true sense. This class has resigned to their fate of being poor and remaining so forever. So. without the shackles of a joint family but.
at least in India suffering the most and yet giving the true effect of a backbone to the crumbling country. are left behind in the struggle. and also maintain as far as possible the basic standard of character. the middle class is seen splitting into sections. It is this specific category of the middle class that is. which all other categories manage to avoid. This is done by the rich only to become known to the masses and not because they are genuinely interested in the spread of religion and a religious way of life. in India seen truly struggling for maintenance as. and the rich and poor remain unruffled no matter what happens to the economy. Part of it which can leave behind scruples and tenets of character are seen joining the bandwagon of the rich. Their image of white collar. However. upholding the great value of our religious leaders and books. is fighting daily bouts with everyone in every sphere of existence. has become too expensive to maintain and thus out of reach. it is this class alone that is also struggling to maintain at least a semblance of Indian culture. Thus it is the middle class only that maintains some semblance of decency and values in the country of rampant corruption and disharmony. with the spiraling of prices they cannot afford to. those who wish to maintain their classic characters cannot enter the fray and so. Together with morals comes religions outlook. It is the middle class that is seen struggling for an improvement in standard of living. it is that they are still to some extent even today. They are the ones who earn the least. should be the backbone of the society.This class comprises of the people who are neither rich nor poor. Culturally also this is the only class seen maintaining some morals and values of the traditional Indian society. this is the class. They are comfortably settled with all amenities but. In India also the three tier of society exist. they are born and brought up to live well but. It is this part of the society. in the storm of Westernisation. the price rise going sky high. The middle class is not only struggling to maintain their financial status. This is the class which is basically honest and is the service class. they cannot squander money on frivolities. This is the class that is also burdened with honest payment of all taxes. are honest and are just the ones who pay all their dues to the state meticulously. it will not be long before the class may get completely eliminated. In the last two decades the Indian middle class is seen struggling for maintenance of their standards. as their financial status is sealed. If this sequence of decay of this section continues unabated. This does not mean the celebration of religious festivals with pomp and show but. and it is this fraction of the Indian society that is seen to be a little religious minded. This class stays busy in maintaining a standard as they are the white collared gentry of the society. a negligible portion who.
Posted by Ashok at 11:31 PM 0 comments Labels: Socio-Cultural Essays
In India East Meets West Culturally
. On the other hand. The rich only show a religious bent of mind by only spending a lot of money on may be making of temples and donating a lot of money for havens etc.
we are inclined to believe that the development of the West is only because of the culture that exists there. we are all in admiration. and the result is that. is its true culture. even against all odds retain our own identity. and never the twain shall meet´. It is this inherent culture of a country is. is best known by its tradition and culture.In the present century. as a Nation stand completely dazed at all that is Western. no matter how much we adapt to others¶ style of living. In India the tragedy has been that. we must. any country whether of the East or the West. the very appearance. as Indians that. a complete aping of all that is theirs. It seems that. In our extreme enthusiasm of copying the West the position as I see it to-day is that we have completely lost track of our Indian culture and have not been able to absorb completely and adjust to the culture of the West. in the process our own cultural identity has got lost. Western styles or Western outlooks. Since we are still a developing country. if we want to progress. I feel it is just here that we have gone wrong for. and West is East. and the West is by and large a developed area. I understand that. we have been slaves to someone or the other. making us blind to all realities of what we were. We. we believe that. for Centuries. In my view. we. we will not be able to progress as much as them. It seems that. Friends I¶d wlike to remind you that. It is here I presume that. for all that stands as Western. the very identity by which a particular country is known. and a loss of the very target ahead. If we take in one aspect of progress. we have made a big blunder. learn their sterling qualities and yet retain our own traditions. left a mark on us something which would be natural to some extent but. at least in India. In that very long period of slavery. unless we take in the Western culture wholesale. we must give in totally to all that is Western. The result is too much of frustration and loss of Indian ideals. At this juncture I¶d love to remind ourselves. Whether it be Western ideologies. progress development is one thing and culture is quite different. it is my earnest belief that.
. in the various changes which have formed a haze in front of our eyes. Culturally and socially also. Whoever came to rule over us. only then we would be considered as a progressive nation. we Indians are prone to be highly impressed by all that is Western. It seems that we are so very deeply impressed by all that is Western that we have started thinking that progress is. ³East is East. we have apparently thought that. we have got deeply influenced by our rulers and. we are leaving our line and towing the line of the West. we have seen a lot of admixture of the East and West. and our inability to accept the cultural pattern of the West. even now the process of our disintegration as a cultural entity can still be staggered or even stopped. the amalgamation of East and West that we see in India to-day is a picture of total chaos. So. In this complete mesmerisation of us Indians. I think that. Let us understand very clearly that. no matter how much we learn from others. we have got lost somewhere on the way. culture and technological progress are two different things. The heritage of a country that it has inherited from its ancestors. If we understand this and remember it as we are in the process of Westernising. The culture of a place. can surely take up to their skills. implies much more than merely its style of living.
in this unplanned way. not much is lost. without loss of ourselves in any field. it has stood all the odd tests of time and still survived. Even now. This has been the result of adopting to their advancement. the result will be a miracle of God. continue the technical progress. as we seem to be thinking. This strong fabric of our society we have almost completely broken. we will be losing more in the bargain than gaining. in the west the seniors have a number of securities while here if the parents are left by their children. little realizing its impact on our parents suffer while we just try to ape the Western pattern of family. We must copy but do so intelligently. We however forgot that. and mixed them up with the evils that we have in our stocks. instead of taking in the work culture of the West. It will thus eventually be an exchange of technical knowhow and progress for culture and tradition. Only then. that would be progress. I dare say that. and. And that is not as it should be. To prove my point here. I feel we remain where we were. we have been able to establish the single unit family norm. we sort out what we must learn from the west. For instance we had our evil of laziness. for it has been only an exchange not an addition to our wealth of qualities. At this juncture of discussion. in our enthusiasm of taking all that is Western is that we have absorbed all the evils of the West. yes. The strength of a Nation lies in its culture and we should never fritter away with any tenets of culture at the altar of modernity or progress. Presently what we have done. let us try to go back to our own culture. So. and made our people even more lazier. It is not the culture of the West that has led it to its advancement I¶d rather say that. In the process of Westernising our society for instance. and what we must retain of the East. In this process. the woman has gained some amount of momentum in acquiring a status but. if we continue copying without a thought ± we will soon be having a lot of technological progress without love and a lot of money without people on whom to spend it.and lose out somewhere else. It will become an admixture of good qualities of the East and the West. Remember friends. we have taken in their mechanization everywhere. just aimlessly and blindly aping the West we have lost the bonds of love of a family and created extra problems for our children and elders.
. I¶d like to give one example from our society. I¶d like to know whether. just by copying the West. it is the culture of the East that has assimilated so much and yet has remained a constant subject of discussion. If we do this. there must be something really sterling about our Indian culture that. at no cost should any country or any individual lose its identity at the altar of advancement or progress. and hand in hand. the strongest of India¶s cultural heritage has always been the strong bonds of the family. My suggestion would be that. the change over to the miniature family has added to our progressive image. at what cost ± at the cost of losing the love and forgotten that. In this way. I am sure we do not have to look like the Westerners to grow like them. they have no place to go.