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. • For example 1000 - 357 = 643 We simply take each figure in 357 from 9 and the last figure from 10. So the answer is 1000 - 357 = 643 And thats all there is to it! This always works for subtractions from numbers consisting of a 1 followed by noughts: 100; 1000; 10,000 etc. • Similarly 10,000 - 1049 = 8951 • For 1000 - 83, in which we have more zeros than figures in the numbers being subtracted, we simply suppose 83 is 083.

Concept 2: Vedic Mathematics Using VERTICALLY AND CROSSWISE you do not need to the multiplication tables beyond 5 X 5. • Suppose you need 8 x 7 8 is 2 below 10 and 7 is 3 below 10. Think of it like this: The answer is 56. The diagram below shows how you get it. You subtract crosswise 8-3 or 7 - 2 to get 5, the first figure of the answer. And you multiply vertically: 2 x 3 to get 6, the last figure of the answer. That's all you do: See how far the numbers are below 10, subtract one number's deficiency from the other number, and multiply the deficiencies together. • 7 x 6 = 42 Here there is a carry: the 1 in the 12 goes over to make 3 into 4. Concept 3: Vedic Mathematics Method for multiplying numbers where the first figures are the same and the last figures add up to 10. • 32 x 38 = 1216

We add the first pair 2 + 3 = 5. And the middle figure is just 2 and 7 added up. 29 . Lets call it EP. say. CONVERSION OF VULGAR FRACTIONS INTO DECIMAL ONES NOTE: THIS METHOD IS USED WHEN THE LAST DIGIT OF THE DENOMINATOR IS 9 SUTRA: Ekadhikena Purvena ONE-PHRASE EXPLANATION:" By One More than the Previous One" Pre-requisite knowledge Here. let us define an entity called as 'Ekadhika Purva'. So we just multiply 3 by 4 (the next number up) to get 12 for the first part of the answer. And we multiply the last figures: 2 x 8 = 16 to get the last part of the answer. To multiply any 2-figure number by 11 we just put the total of the two figures between the 2 figures. and we add the last pair: 3 + 4 = 7. • 27 x 11 = 297 Notice that the outer figures in 297 are the 27 being multiplied. EP is derived from the above phrase " By One More than the Previous One" Eg) Any number. • And 81 x 89 = 7209 We put 09 since we need two figures as in all the other examples.Both numbers here start with 3 and the last figures (2 and 8) add up to 10. • So 72 x 11 = 792 Similarly • 234 x 11 = 2574 We put the 2 and the 4 at the ends. Concept 4: Vedic Mathematics Multiplying a number by 11.

e. vedic maths gives one-line answers.xyz. check it out! Relax! Step 2 1 is smaller than 29. 1st digit of Dividend divided by EP :1/3 : gives Quotient.e. So the answer will be logically less than 1. the answer will be of the form 0. we write the one-line answer from the left to the right. i. the Numerator) by EP. read [R1:Q1] as one number.e. 0.e. EP is used for Denominators in this method) So. EP=3. Let us stop being mechanical machines and give ourselves some respect by using our mental faculties. Divide this new dividend by EP again to get New_Quotient(Q2) and New_Remainder(R2) i. .Q1=0 Remainder.e. 10/EP = 10/3 which gives Q2=3 and R2=1 Step 4 Now. NOTE: Unlike. Application NOTE: EP is applied to the Denominator here. Here. the conventional processes of division and multiplication. a) For 2 digit Denominators Eg)1/29 Step 1 Divide the 1st digit of the dividend(i.0 Step 3 Now. Now.Last Digit:9 Previous Digit:2 One More than the Previous Digit:2+1=3 So... i.R1=1 Take your time. Write the Quotient.Q1 obtained after the decimal point. 10 (ten) Let this be the new dividend. Dividend=Numerator=1 1st digit of Dividend=1 EP=2+1=3 (as explained above. i. Method 1 : Division Here. Get the Quotient and Remainder.

Reciprocal percentage equivalents up to 30 .e.. i. General tip Remember the following by heart : 1. Square roots up to 10 5. 13 (thirteen) Step 5 Divide this new dividend. Q3 and a new Remainder. 10/EP = 13/3 gives Q3=4 and R3=1 Continue the same process till the number of decimal places you want! Answer = 0. Squares up to 30 3.e.03 Like before read [R2:Q2] as one number. 0.Write Q2 after Q1 in the answer.0344827586206. Tables up to 25 2.e. 13 by EP again to get a new Quotient. i. i. R3. Cubes up to 15 4. Cube roots up to 5 6.

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