A LED flashing briefly once every 5 seconds to imitate the indicator of a real alarm is the function of this dummy alarm project with the use of a 7555 timer IC.

To prolong battery life, the circuit was designed to use very little current in order to be left ON permanently. Optionally, an ON/OFF switch may be included if desired. The circuit uses a low power version of the standard 555 timer, the 7555 timer IC. A bright flash with a low current is provided by a super bright red LED. The average total current for the circuit is less than 0.2mA since the LED is OFF for most of the time. A set of 3 alkaline AA cells should last for several months or a year with this very low current. A standard 555 timer IC can also be used in the circuit which will increase the average current to about 2mA while the battery life will be much shorter. If a greater power supply voltage at 15V maximum is used in this alarm, the 1K resistor for the LED should be increased to keep the LED current low around 3mA.

100% tested for quiescent current at 20V. low current application such as power MOSFET gate drivers and small servo motor control due to its features . 10V. 15V). and fully static operation BS170 – an N-channel enhancement mode field effect transistor designed to minimize on-state resistance while providing reliable. decade counter/decimal decode display. medium speed operation. and fast switching performance and particularly suited for low voltage. rugged. Terminology • • 4022 – a 4-stage CMOS counter with 8 decoded outputs used for binary counter/decoder. divide-by-N counting.Overview The circuit was constructed to provide a simple electronic lock system based on a single integrated circuit and will require a code of seven digits. parametric ratings (5V. and counter control/timers due to its features such as standardized symmetrical output characteristics. frequency division.

for the code to reach the main IC. The resistors are arranged from points A to G order while the switches are connected to the corresponding resistors in random order. apartments. Other establishments that utilize this are jewelry shops. banks. This was made possible by the arrangement of the resistors with their corresponding connections to the switches. and high density cell design BD679 – a monolithic NPN Silicon epibase power Darlington transistor with resistors and diode in a TO 126 plastic package and is typically used for AF applications due to its high current gain Circuit Explanation The construction of the circuit is relatively simple since it utilizes a very few components.7uF 25V D1-2=1N4148 D3=RED LED 3mm IC1=4022 Q1=BS170 Q2=BD679 S1-10=Push button or keyboard Application In most secured places with the capability of the company to purchase high end equipments. The security code can be changed by altering the connections between the switches and the outputs of the IC1. . This will prohibit the entry of unauthorized persons or verify the entrance of a person by supplying the correct key code. The use of red LED D3 provides a visual indication of the activation of Q2.2Kohm C1-3=100nF 100V C2=4.• of high saturation current capability. hotels. factories. Part List R1-7=4. and homes. the output of Q7 will be activated for approximately 4 seconds.7Kohm R8=15Kohm R9=1Mohm R10-13=10Kohm R11=100ohm R12=220Kohm R14=1. There will be a delay unless all the keys were entered. One important thing to be considered in doing this circuit is the time it will take. as seen in the diagram. This electronic security door key may also be found on vehicle doors for locking and unlocking purposes. This will drive the transistor Q2 which in turn would drive one relay that will open the door or any other circuit attached. They are very reliable since they are convenient to use and can be integrated easily with other circuitries. an electronic key operated door is usually installed. after the push button switches are pressed. The code that has been set for the circuit is 1704570. When the right sequence of code was entered correctly. prisons. apartments. voltage controlled small signal switch.

physically. industrial. used for commercial. Terminology • • • Metronome – a device or apparatus used to indicate or establish the exact speed or tempo of music. and military applications Circuit Explanation .9 MHz frequency. functioning as single or dual at 0. very high input impedance and low output impedance CA741 – a high gain operational amplifier.Overview The circuit was designed to provide a prototype of a metronome circuit utilizing the functions of CA741 operational amplifiers. it resembles the function of a clock but using an inverted pendulum that regularly ticks or beats at an adjustable rate or intervals due to the position of the sliding weight on the pendulum Op-Amp – a differential amplifier having a large voltage gain.

The operation is of circuit can be considered as astable where it continuously oscillates to different states. R8. To produce better sound effect. integrator or differentiator. Application Since CA741 op-amps have input bias current of 500 nA and input offset current of 200 nA. the output from the left side op-amp is distorted. resistor R8 is used which produces a tock reverberation state or sound. C4. It functions as low pass filter where it amplifies low frequency signals passing through it. The astable mode is being managed by the VR1. and by tracing the progress of learning using any musical equipment. The output from the first op-amp is supplied through the capacitor C2 which has direct coupling with the zener diode ZD1 going to Q1. multivibrator. and as mechanical metronomes which controls the music tempo by means of an inverted pendulum rod. To provide a low impedance input to the integrator. They can be of different types such as software metronomes used as stand alone for multitracking of audio and sequencing of music. The conduction of ZD1 and Q1 occurs for every positive change on the output pulses. the circuit yields to a ticking reverberation state or sound where the output pulses are represented in ringing manner. as electronic metronomes as compared to wristwatches having a constant accuracy. two op-amps were used wherein the left side op-amp will function as a standard astable while the right side op-amp as an integrator. and comparator. R2 and C1 in which timing pulses are produced. DC amplifier. Because of this. summing amplifier. and R9 to achieve the same effect on the sound. Other components can also be modified like the C3. Metronomes were mainly utilized by musicians for the purpose of sustaining a steady rhythm by improving the timing. . by synchronizing with the beat. R7. they are mainly used for applications such as narrow band or band pass filter. Since the second op-amp functions as integrator.

Overview The circuit was designed sensitive enough to trigger and activate the alarm upon sensing wetness. Terminology • • 555 Timer – an 8-pin electronic device used in several mixtures of applications involving multivibration and timingOperating Modes: BC109C – an epitaxial NPN silicon planar transistor having the collector electrically connected to the TO 18 metal case Circuit Explanation . moisture or dampness on its probes.

To control the conduction of the circuit. since this transistor has high gain. When it operates at monostable mode. it needs to be triggered or enabled by a larger current that flows in the collector circuit.The operation of the circuit depends on the astable mode of the 555 timer. and timers. It can be achieved by salvaging silver or gold plated contacts from old relays. it may be utilized in pulse position modulation. . and railroad track designing. a switch for ON/OFF state is supplied. it is important to consider that an 8 ohm speaker can damage the 555 IC if directly driven by the IC with a 9 V supply because the maximum allowed output current is 200 mA. This is made possible when the transistor is switched on by the small current that flows between the base and emitter because of the moisture or wetness sensed by the probes. Application In the market. capacitance measurement. missing pulse detection. On the other hand. pulse-type waveform processing. lamp flashers. security alarms. the IC functions as an oscillator or as a free running mode. pulse generation. touch switches. To avoid this. A cheaper alternative is wiring alternate copper wires. it may be utilized in bounce free latched switches. bounce free switches. it may be utilized in pulse width modulation (PWM). Being in astable mode. To have the 555 oscillator in full operation of sounding. a 10 ohm resistor can be connected in series with the 8 ohm speaker or might as well use an 18 ohm loudspeaker. and light emitting diode. Since the transistor is in emitter follower mode. the transistor will remain OFF and without any bias during dry conditions. tone generation. frequency divider. When choosing the resistance rating of the loudspeaker. The probe contacts should be made of non-reactive metal so that there will be no capacitance or impedance present. When operating in bistable mode. logic clocks. one of the most effective electronic devices is the 555 timer. which is driven by the emitter current coming from BC109C transistor. When operating in astable mode. the impedance at the emitter or the oscillator circuit acts as the current limit so placing a base resistor is no longer required.

Led Flasher Circuit Using 555 IC .

Lower power consumption can be achieved if we remove LED 2 and R4 and use only LED 1.The flashing frequency is determined by C1.4 s flashing period. R1. You can try values around 100k for R1 and R2 to give around 1. then the LED 1 wil flash . and R2. When the R2 value is much lower than R1. Variable flashing rate can be implemented by replacing the R1 with 1Mega ohm potentiometer in series with 22k resistor.

etc. It. gives a strobe efffect.only for fast period. • car.. I recommend 9V for this flasher circuit since higher voltage will cause exessive heat on 555 IC.. . batteries.

the output frequency of IC2 is controlled by the output of IC1.The circuit can be powered from anything between 6 to 15V DC and is fairly loud.By connecting an additional power amplifier at the output you can further increase the loudness. giving a siren effect. A lot of electronic circuits using NE555 timer IC are already published here and this is just another one. The circuit uses two NE555 timers ICs and each of them are wired as astable multivibrators.Description.The output of first astable mutivibrator is connected to the control voltage input (pin5) of IC2.Here is the circuit diagram of a police siren based on NE55 timer IC. This makes the output of IC2 modulated by the output frequency of IC1. In simple words. IC1 is wired as a slow astable multivibrator operating at around 20Hz @ 50% duty cycle and IC2 is wired as fast astable multivibrator operating at around 600Hz. .

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