This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Compact Heat Exchangers
Date added to ETL 2004. 1. Definition of Technology The purpose of heat exchangers is to transfer heat from one fluid (either gas or liquid) to another. Compact heat exchangers (CHEs) have a significantly greater surface area per unit volume than more conventional types of heat exchanger. For the purposes of the ECA Scheme, a CHE is defined as a heat exchanger with a surface to volume ratio of > 200 m2 /m3. 2. Technology Description CHEs are characterized by a high surface area per unit volume, which can result in a higher efficiency than conventional heat exchangers, in a significantly smaller volume (typically CHEs can achieve efficiencies of over 95% cf. 80% for non-compact heat exchangers). Hence CHEs transfer more energy in a cost-effective manner than other heat exchangers and save more energy when compared to standard technology. Three types of compact heat exchanger are covered by the ECA Scheme. These are: 1. Plate heat exchangers. 2. Plate-fin heat exchangers. 3. Compact heat exchangers with precision formed surfaces. Investments in CHEs can only qualify for Enhanced Capital Allowances if the specific product is named on the Energy Technology Product List. To be eligible for inclusion on the Energy Technology Product List, products must meet the eligibility criteria as set out below. 3. Eligibility Criteria To be eligible, products must: ● Have a surface area to volume ratio greater than 200m2 / m3, based on the dimensions of the heat transfer surface alone, and not including other components of the heat exchanger (for example end plates used solely for structural purposes, or flanges and headers). Have a minimum design efficiency of at least 85% at 100% capacity. Be described by a detailed technical specification or sales brochure, clearly showing individual model numbers/exchanger name. Conform with the requirements of the EU Pressure Equipment Directive PED 97/23/EC. Be one of the following types: 1. Plate heat exchangers: ● Gasketed plate units. ● Brazed plate units. ● Partially welded plate units. ● Welded plate units (including laser-welded types). Plate-fin heat exchangers: ● Brazed units.
● ● ● ●
The ECA scheme is being developed by the Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) and HM Revenue & Customs and promoted by the Carbon Trust. Performance criteria Products must have a minimum design efficiency (E) of at least 85.ECA ENERGY TECHNOLOGY CRITERIA LIST 2009 – COMPACT HEAT EXCHANGERS ● Welded units. The Carbon Trust manages the Energy Technology List. Clarity on the eligibility of direct costs is available from HMRC. Required test procedures The method used to calculate the design efficiency must be validated by testing selected products in accordance with BS EN 305:1997 and BS EN 306:1997. It may be reproduced free of charge in any format or medium provided it is reproduced accurately and not used in a misleading context. The Energy Technology List comprises the technologies and products which qualify for the UK Government’s Energy-Saving Enhanced Capital Allowance (ECA) scheme and their energy-saving eligibility criteria. ● Diffusion bonded units. .eca.0% for at least one fluid stream when the CHE unit is operating at 100% capacity.gov. Scope of Claim Expenditure on the provision of plant and machinery can include not only the actual costs of buying the equipment. This extract is taken from the Energy Technology Criteria List (ETCL) as published in July 2009. As an example a minimum design efficiency (E) of 84. Compact heat exchangers with precision formed surfaces: ● Brazed units. For the most up to date copy of the ETCL and for further information about the ECA scheme please refer to the ECA website www. but other direct costs such as the transport of the equipment to site.9% would be deemed to be a fail. 3. 4.uk . ● Welded units. © Queens Printer and Controller of HMSO 2009 The material featured in this document is subject to Crown copyright protection. The design efficiency is defined as follows: E = Quantity of heat extracted from or added to a stream Theoretical maximum amount of heat that could be extracted from or added to the stream For the avoidance of doubt test data should be presented to 1 decimal place. and some of the direct costs of installation. ● Metal foam heat exchangers.