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Union Public Service Commission

Civil Services Preliminary Examination

General Science
Questions Asked In Previous Years’ Exams
1. Consider the following statements : Directions : The following questions (c) Respiratory diseases
1. Non-function of lachrymal gland consists of two statements : one (d) Genetic engineering
is an important symptom of labelled as the ‘Assertion (A)’ and the (CSE 2004)
deficiency of Vitamin A. other as ‘Reason (R)’. You are to 12. Match List I (Fuel Gases) with
2. Deficiency of Vitamin B1 can lead to examine these two statements carefully List II (Major Constituents) and select
indigestion and heart enlargement. and select the answers to these the correct answer using the codes given
3. Vitamin C deficiency can lead to questions using the codes given below : below the Lists :
pain in the muscles. (a) Both A and R are individually List I List II
4. Deficiency of Vitamin D causes true and R is the correct (Fuel Gases) (Major Constituents)
increased loss of Ca++ in urine. explanation of A A. CNG 1. Carbon monoxide,
Which of the statements given above (b) Both A and R are individually Hydrogen
are correct ? true but R is not the correct B. Coal gas 2. Butane, Propane
(a) 1 and 2 (b) 2, 3 and 4 explanation of A C. LPG 3. Methane, Ethane
(c) A is true but R is false D. Water gas 4. Hydrogen,
(c) 1, 3 and 4 (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4 Methane, Carbon
(CSE 2004) (d) A is false but R is true
7. Assertion (A) : monoxide
2. The hormone insulin is a Codes :
(a) Glycolipid (b) Fatty acid In our houses, the current in A B C D
(c) Peptide (d) Sterol AC electricity line changes (a) 2 1 3 4
(CSE 2004) direction 60 times per second. (b) 3 4 2 1
3. Consider the following statements : Reason (R) : (c) 2 4 3 1
1. Toothless mammals such as The frequency of alternating (d) 3 1 2 4
pangolins are not found in India. voltage supplied is 60 hertz. (CSE 2004)
2. Gibbon is the only ape found in (CSE 2004) 13. A spherical body moves with
India. 8. Assertion (A) : a uniform angular velocity ω around
Which of the statements given above Fatty acids should be a part a circular path of radius r. Which one of
is/are correct ? of the balanced human diet. the following statements is correct ?
(a) 1 only (b) 2 only Reason (R) : (a) The body has no acceleration
(c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2 The cells of the human body (b) The body has a radial acceleration
(CSE 2004) cannot synthesize any fatty ω2r directed towards the centre of
4. In which organ of the human body acids. the path
are the lymphocyte cells formed ? (CSE 2004) (c) The body has a radial acceleration
(a) Liver (b) Long bone 9. Which of the following pairs is not 2/5ω2r directed away from the
(c) Pancreas (d) Spleen correctly matched ? centre of the path
(CSE 2004) (a) Reinhold : Computer (d) The body has an acceleration ω2r
5. Consider the following statements : Messner Technology tangential to its path
1. Adam Osborne produced the first (CSE 2004)
(b) Harlow Shapley : Astronomy 14. A weightless rubber balloon is
portable computer. (c) Gregor Mendel : Hereditary filled with 200 cc of water. Its weight in
2. Ian Wilmut created the first cloned Theory water is equal to
sheep. (d) Godfrey Hounsfield : CT Scan
Which of the statements given above (CSE 2004)
9.8 9.8
(a) N (b) N
is/are correct ? 10. A car is running on a road at a 5 10
(a) 1 only (b) 2 only uniform speed of 60 km/hr. The net 9.8
(c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2 (c) N (d) Zero
resultant force on the car is 2
(CSE 2004) (a) Driving force in the direction of (CSE 2004)
6. Consider the following statements : car’s motion
1. Baking soda is used in fire (b) Resistance force opposite to the
extinguishers. direction of car’s motion
2. Quicklime is used in the (c) An inclined force
manufacture of glass. (d) Equal to zero
3. Gypsum is used in the manufacture (CSE 2004)
of Plaster of Paris. 11. The research work of Paul
Which of the statements given above Lauterbur and Peter Mansfield, the
is/are correct ? Nobel Prize winners for Medicine in
(a) 1 and 2 (b) 2 and 3 2003, relates to
(c) 1 only (d) 1, 2 and 3 (a) The control of AIDS
(CSE 2004) (b) Magnetic resonance imaging
15. Salts of which of the following Which of these are the symptoms of (a) Increase by 0.5%
elements provide colours to fireworks ? AIDS ? (b) Increase by 2%
(a) Zinc and sulphur (a) 1 and 2 (b) 2, 3 and 4 (c) Decrease by 0.5%
(b) Potassium and mercury (c) 1, 3 and 4 (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4 (d) Decrease by 2%
(c) Strontium and barium (CSE 2003) (CSE 2003)
(d) Chromium and nickel 22. Regarding the atom of a chemical 28. With reference to the work of
(CSE 2004) element, the magnetic quantum number human kidney, consider the following
16. Consider the following statements : refers to statements :
1. Femur is the longest bone in the (a) Orientation (b) Shape 1. After the waste is removed in the
human body. (c) Size (d) Spin kidney, the cleaner blood is sent back
2. Cholera is a disease caused by (CSE 2003) through renal artery.
bacteria. 23. Consider the following statements : 2. From Bowman’s capsule, the
3. ‘Athlete’s foot’ is a disease caused 1. The common blue green algae filtered liquid passes through tiny tubes
by virus. Spirogyra and Ulothrix are found in both where much of the glucose is reabsorbed
Which of the statements given above fresh water ponds and oceans. and sent back to the blood in the renal
are correct ? 2. The chameleon can look ahead with vein.
(a) 1 and 2 (b) 2 and 3 one eye, and at the same time look Which of these statements is/are
(c) 1 and 3 (d) 1, 2 and 3 behind with another. correct ?
Which of these statements is/are (a) Only 1 (b) Only 2
(CSE 2004)
correct ? (c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2
17. Consider the following statements : (a) Only 1 (b) Only 2 (CSE 2003)
1. Smart Card is a plastic card with (c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2 29. A hydrogen-inflated polythene
an embedded microchip. (CSE 2003) balloon is released from the surface of
2. Digital technology is primarily used Directions : The following items the earth. As the balloon rises to an
with new physical communication consist of two statements : one labelled altitude up in the atmosphere, it will
medium such as satellite and fibre as the ‘Assertion (A)’ and the other as (a) Decrease in size
optics transmission. ‘Reason (R)’. You are to examine these (b) Flatten into a disc-like shape
3. A digital library is a collection of two statements carefully and select (c) Increase in size
documents in an organised the answers to these items using the (d) Maintain the same size and shape
electronic form available on the codes given below : (CSE 2003)
Internet only. (a) Both A and R are individually 30. Consider the following statements:
Which of the statements given above true and R is the correct 1. Steam at 100°C and boiling water
is/are correct ? explanation of A at 100°C contain same amount of heat.
(a) 3 only (b) 1 and 2 (b) Both A and R are individually 2. Latent heat of fusion of ice is equal
(c) 2 and 3 (d) 1, 2 and 3 true but R is not the correct to the latent heat of vaporisation of water.
(CSE 2004) explanation of A 3. In an air-conditioner, heat is
18. With reference to ionic compounds, (c) A is true but R is false extracted from the room-air at the
consider the following statements : (d) A is false but R is true evaporator coils and is rejected out at
1. Ionic compounds are insoluble in 24. Assertion (A) : the condenser coils.
alcohol. In the periodic table of Which of these statements is/are
2. Ionic compounds in the solid state chemical elements, electron correct ?
are good conductors of electricity. affinity is always found to (a) 1 and 2 (b) 2 and 3
Which of these statements is/are increase from top to bottom (c) Only 2 (d) Only 3
correct ? in a group. (CSE 2003)
(a) Only 1 (b) Only 2 Reason (R) : 31. Consider the following statements:
(c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2 In a group, the atomic radii 1. Molasses is a by-product of sugar
(CSE 2003) generally increase from top to production process.
19. Which of the following statements bottom. 2. Bagasse obtained in the sugar mills
is not correct ? (CSE 2003) is used as a fuel in the boilers to
(a) The presence of NaCl increases the 25. Assertion (A) : generate steam for the sugar
rate of setting of Plaster of Paris Coal-based thermal power factories.
(b) Gypsum is added to the cement stations contribute to acid- 3. Sugar can only be produced from
to slow down its rate of setting rain. sugarcane as the raw material.
(c) All alkaline earth metals form Reason (R) : Which of these statements are
hydrated salts Oxides of carbon are emitted correct ?
(d) Barium and Strontium are found when coal burns. (a) 1 and 2 (b) 2 and 3
free in nature (CSE 2003) (c) 1 and 3 (d) 1, 2 and 3
(CSE 2003)
26. Assertion (A) : (CSE 2003)
Unsaturated fats are more 32. Consider the following statements:
20. Octopus is reactive compared with the A 4-wheel vehicle moving in a sharp
(a) An arthropod (b) An echinoderm saturated fats. circular path at high speed will
(c) A hemichordate (d) A mollusc Reason (R) : 1. Overturn about its outer wheels.
(CSE 2003) Unsaturated fats have only 2. Overturn about its inner wheels.
21. Consider the following conditions single bonds in their structure. 3. Skid outwards.
of a sick human body : (CSE 2003) 4. Skid inwards.
1. Swollen lymph nodes 27. If the radius of the earth were to Which of these statements are correct ?
2. Sweating at night shrink by one percent, its mass remaining (a) 1 and 3 (b) 2 and 4
3. Loss of memory the same, the value of ‘g’ on the earth’s (c) 2 and 3 (d) 1 and 4
4. Loss of weight surface would (CSE 2003)
33. Which one of the following 40. With reference to normal human (a) Both A and R are individually
statements is correct ? beings, consider the following statements : true and R is the cor rect
(a) Liquid Sodium is employed as a 1. In response to the presence of explanation of A
coolant in nuclear reactors HCl, secretin is produced from the (b) Both A and R are individually
(b) Calcium carbonate is an ingredient duodenum. true but R is not the correct
of tooth paste 2. Enterogastrone is produced in the explanation of A
(c) Bordeaux mixture consists of small intestine in response to the (c) A is true but R is false
Sodium sulphate and lime presence of fatty acids. (d) A is false but R is true
(d) Zinc amalgams are used as a dental Which of these statements is/are 44. Assertion (A) : Drinking of
filling correct ? whisky increases the frequency of
(CSE 2003) (a) Only 1 (b) Only 2 urination.
34. Diffusion of light in the (c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2 Reason (R) : Alcohol intake
atmosphere takes place due to (CSE 2003) speeds up the secretion of
(a) Carbon dioxide (b) Dust particles 41. Which one of the following vasopressin in the body.
(c) Helium (d) Water vapours statements is not correct ? (CSE 2002)
(CSE 2003) (a) All echinoderms are viviparous 45. Assertion (A) : With the
35. An oil tanker is partially filled with (b) Roundworm has no circulatory increase of temperature, the
oil and moves forward on a level road system viscosity of glycerine increases.
with uniform acceleration. The free (c) In bony fishes, swim bladder is Reason (R) : Rise of temperature
surface of oil then usually present increases kinetic energy of the
(a) remains horizontal (d) In cartilaginous fishes, fertilisation molecules.
(b) is inclined to the horizontal with is internal (CSE 2002)
smaller depth at the rear end (CSE 2002) 46. Assertion (A) : Synthetic detergents
(c) is inclined to the horizontal with 42. Match List I (Scientists) with can lather well in hard water.
larger depth at the rear end List II (Achievements) to select the Reason (R) : Synthetic detergents
(d) assumes parabolic curve correct answer using the codes given for m soluble calcium and
(CSE 2003) below the lists : magnesium salts with hard water.
36. Consider the following statements: List I List II (CSE 2002)
The purpose of adding sodium (Scientists) (Achievements) 47. Assertion (A) : Artificial
sulphate and sodium silicate to the A. Arber and 1. Developed trans- satellites are always launched from
detergent in a washing powder is Smith genic plants with the earth in the eastward direction.
1. To keep the washing powder dry. Agrobacterium Reason (R) : The earth rotates
2. To maintain the alkalinity of the T-DNA from west to east and so the
powder. B. Feldman 2. Discovered satellite attains the escape velocity.
Which of these statements is/are endonucleases (CSE 2002)
correct ? C. Mullis 3. Discovered 48. Assertion (A) : Human diet
(a) Only 1 (b) Only 2 reverse should compulsorily contain
(c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2 transcriptase Glycine, Serine and Tyrosine.
(CSE 2003) D. Temin and 4. Discovered poly- Reason (R) : Essential amino
37. Which one of the following Baltimore merase chain acids cannot be synthesised in the
statements is not correct ? reaction human body.
(a) Milk contains none of the (CSE 2002)
A B C D 49. Assertion (A) : An iron ball
B-vitamins (a) 2 1 4 3
(b) Vitamin-A (retinol) deficiency leads floats on mercury but gets
(b) 1 2 4 3 immersed in water.
to dry and scaly skin (c) 2 1 3 4
(c) One of the symptoms of scurvy Reason (R) : The specific gravity
(d) 1 2 3 4 of iron is more than that of
is pain in the joints (CSE 2002)
(d) Vitamin-B1 (thiamine) deficiency mercury.
43. Which one of the following (CSE 2002)
can lead to heart failure statements is correct ?
(CSE 2003) 50. With reference to the latest
38. Which one of the following (a) Prions are the smallest free-living developments in stem cell research,
statements is not correct ? cells consider the following statements :
(a) The velocity of sound in air (b) The cell wall of Mycoplasmas is 1. The only source of human stem
increases with the increase of made up of amino sugars cells are the embryos at blastocyst
temperature (c) Viroids consist of a single-stranded stage
(b) The velocity of sound in air is RNA molecule 2. The stem cells can be derived
independent of pressure (d) Rickettsias lack cell wall without causing destruction to
(c) The velocity of sound in air (CSE 2002) blastocysts.
decreases as the humidity increases Directions : The following items 3. The stem cells can regenerate
(d) The velocity of sound in air is not consist of two statements, one labelled themselves in vitro, virtually
affected by the change in amplitude as the "Assertion A" and the other as forever.
and frequency "Reason R". You are to examine these 4. Indian research centres also
(CSE 2003) two statements carefully and decide if created a few cell lines which can
39. Which one of the following is the "Assertion A" and the "Reason be developed into many types of
produced during the formation of R" are individually true and if so, tissues.
photochemical smog ? whether the "Reason R" is the correct Which of these statements are correct ?
(a) Hydrocarbons (b) Nitrogen Oxides explanation for the given "Assertion (a) 1, 2, 3 and 4 (b) 1, 2 and 3
(c) Ozone (d) Methane A". Select your answers to these items (c) 1, 2 and 4 (d) 3 and 4
(CSE 2003) using the codes given below : (CSE 2002)
51. Among living organisms, which Due to which of these phenomena is 3. Radio waves are produced by rapidly
one of the following is the most mirage formed ? oscillating electrical currents.
responsible factor for bringing about the (a) 1 and 2 (b) 2, 3 and 4 4. To detect the overspeeding vehicles,
origin of a new species ? (c) 1 and 3 (d) 4 only police use the Doppler effect of
(a) Isolation (CSE 2002) reflected short radio waves.
(b) Mutation 58. In the context of organic Which of these statements are
(c) Natural Selection evolution, the loss of limbs of snakes is correct ?
(d) Sexual Reproduction explained by the phenomenon of (a) 1 and 2 (2) 1 and 3
(CSE 2002) (a) Use and disuse of organs (c) 2 and 4 (d) 3 and 4
52. Ticks and mites are actually (b) Adaptation to living in burrows (CSE 2002)
(a) Arachnids (b) Crustaceans (c) Natural selection 64. Which one of the following is
(c) Insects (d) Myriapods (d) Inheritance of acquired characters monogamous ?
(CSE 2002) (CSE 2002)
53. With reference to the blood in a (a) Wolf (b) Walrus
59. Match List I (Oxidation numbers) (c) Seal (d) Deer
normal person, which one of the with List II (The elements) to select the
following statements is correct ? (CSE 2002)
correct answer using the codes given 65. Which one of the following is the
(a) Compared to arteries, veins are less below the lists:
numerous and hold less of the correct sequence in increasing order of
body's blood at any given time List I List II molecular weights of the hydrocarbons ?
(b) Blood cells constitute about 70 (Oxidation (The elements) (a) Methane, ethane, propane and
percent of the total volume of numbers) butane
the blood A. 2 1. Oxidation number (b) Propane, butane, ethane and
(c) White Blood Cells (WBC) are of Mn in MnO2 methane
made by lymph nodes only B. 3 2. Oxidation number (c) Butane, ethane, propane and
(d) The blood has more platelets than of S in H2S2O7 methane
WBC C. 4 3. Oxidation (d) Butane, propane, ethane and
(CSE 2002) number of Ca in methane
54. Which one of the following CaO (CSE 2001)
statements is correct with reference to D. 6 4. Oxidation 66. Which organelle in the Cell, other
our solar system ? number of Al in than nucleus, contains DNA ?
(a) The Earth is the densest of all NaAlH4 (a) Centriole (b) Golgi apparatus
the planets in our solar system A B C D (c) Lysosome (d) Mitochondrion
(b) The predominant element in (a) 3 4 1 2 (CSE 2001)
the composition of the Earth is (b) 4 3 1 2 67. Match List I with List II and select
silicon (c) 3 4 2 1 the correct answer using the codes given
(c) The Sun contains 75 percent of (d) 4 3 2 1 below the Lists :
the mass of the solar system (CSE 2002) List I List II
(d) The diameter of the Sun is 190 60. Foot-and-Mouth disease in (Achievement (Scientists)
times that of the Earth animals, a current epidemic in some parts
(CSE 2002)
in Genetics)
of the world, is caused by A. Discovery of 1. Khurana
55. Which one of the following (a) Bacterium (b) Fungus
statements is not correct ? transduction
(c) Protozoan (d) Virus and conjugation
(a) The boiling point of an aqueous (CSE 2002)
solution is higher than that of pure in bacteria
61. When one gene controls two or B. Establishing 2. Kornberg
water more different characters simultaneously,
(b) Addition of solutes to a solution the sex-linked
the phenomenon is called inheritance
causes an increase in its water (a) Apomixis (b) Pleiotropy
potential C. Isolation of 3. Lederberg
(c) Polyploidy (d) Polyteny DNA polymerase
(c) The vapour pressure of the water (CSE 2002)
in a solution is lower than that of 62. With reference to the human body, from E. Coli
pure water consider the following statements: D. Establishing the 4. Morgan
(d) When a solution is separated from complete genetic
water by a semi-permeable 1. The production of somatotropin
goes up when a person exercises. code
membrane, water movement can 5. Ochoa
be prevented by applying pressure 2. Men's testes produce proges-
terone. A B C D
to the solution (a) 4 3 2 1
(CSE 2002) 3. Women's adrenal glands secrete
testosterone. (b) 3 4 1 5
56. Consider the following plants : (c) 4 3 1 5
1. Bougainvillaea 2. Carnations 4. Stress causes the adrenals to
release very less amount of (d) 3 4 2 1
3. Cocoa 4. Grapes (CSE 2001)
Which of these plants are propagated cortisol than usual.
Which of these statements are correct ? 68. “Athlete’s Foot” is a disease caused
by stem cuttings ? by
(a) 1 and 2 (b) 2, 3 and 4 (a) 1, 2, 3 and 4 (b) 1, 2 and 3
(c) 2, 3 and 4 (d) 1 and 4 (a) Bacteria (b) Fungus
(c) 1, 3 and 4 (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4 (c) Protozoan (d) Nematode
(CSE 2002) (CSE 2002)
57. Consider the following natural 63. Consider the following statements: (CSE 2001)
phenomena : 1. Light of longer wavelength is 69. In the eye donation, which part of
1. Terrestrial heating scattered much more than the light the eye is transplanted from the donor ?
2. Reflection of light of shorter wavelength. (a) Cornea (b) Lens
3. Refraction of light 2. The speed of visible light in water (c) Retina (d) The whole eye
4. Diffraction of light is 0.95 times the speed in vacuum. (CSE 2001)
70. A man whose blood group is not 1. The acceleration is zero when the (b) Double helix
known meets with a serious accident and bob passes through the mean (c) Number of base-pairs per turn
needs blood transfusion immediately. position. (d) Sugar-phosphate backbone
Which one of the blood groups mentioned 2. In each cycle the bob attains a (CSE 2001)
below and readily available in the hospital given velocity twice. 83. Two wires have their lengths,
will be safe for transfusion ? 3. Both acceleration and velocity of diameters and resistivities, all in the ratio
(a) O, Rh– (b) O, Rh+ the bob are zero when it reaches of 1 : 2. If the resistance of the thinner
(c) AB, Rh– (d) AB, Rh+ its extreme position during its wire is 10 ohms, then the resistance of
(CSE 2001) oscillation. the thicker wire is
71. Cloudy nights are warmer as 4. The amplitude of oscillation of the (a) 5 ohms (b) 10 ohms
compared to clear cloudless nights, simple pendulum decreases with (c) 20 ohms (d) 40 ohms
because clouds time. (CSE 2001)
(a) Prevent cold waves from the sky Which of these statements are correct 84. Which of the following cell
from descending on earth (a) 1 and 2 (b) 3 and 4 organelles play the most significant role
(b) Reflect back the heat given off by (c) 1, 2 and 4 (d) 2, 3 and 4 in protein synthesis ?
earth (CSE 2001) (a) Lysosome and Centrosome
(c) Produce heat and radiate it towards 78. Consider the following statements (b) Endoplasmic Reticulum and
earth with reference to the Periodic Table of Ribosome
(d) Absorb heat from the atmosphere chemical elements : (c) Golgi Apparatus and Mitochondria
and send it towards earth 1. Ionisation potential gradually (d) Lysosome and Mitochondria
(CSE 2001) decreases along a period. (CSE 2001)
72. “Metastasis” is the process by which 2. In a group of elements, electron Directions : The following questions
(a) Cells divide rapidly under the affinity decreases as the atomic consist of two statements, one labelled
influence of drugs weight increases. as the ‘Assertion A’ and the other
(b) Cancer cells spread through the 3. In a given period, electronegativity labelled as the ‘Reason R’. You are to
blood or lymphatic system to other decreases as the atomic number examine these two statements
increases. carefully and decide if the ‘Assertion
sites or organs A’ and the ‘Reason R’ are individually
(c) The chromosomes in cell nuclei are Which of these statement(s) is/are
correct ? true and if so, whether the ‘Reason R’
attached to the spindle before is the correct explanation for the
moving to the anaphase poles (a) 1 only (b) 2 only
(c) 1 and 3 (d) 2 and 3 ‘Assertion A’. Select your answer to
(d) Cancer cells are successfully each of these questions using the
inhibited to divide any further (CSE 2001)
79. Match List I with List II and select codes given below.
(CSE 2001) (a) Both A and R are individually
73. Who is the scientist in whose the correct answer using the codes given
below the Lists : tr ue and R is the correct
honour the “Chandra” X-ray telescope explanation of A.
has been named ? List I List II
(Substances) (Physiological role) (b) Both A and R are individually
(a) Chandrasekhar Venkat Raman true but R is not a correct
(b) Jagdish Chandra Bose A. Ptyalin 1. Converts
angiotensinogen explanation of A.
(c) Prafulla Chandra Roy (c) A is true but R is false.
(d) Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar in blood into
angiotensin (d) A is false but R is true.
(CSE 2001) 85. Assertion (A) : A piece of copper
74. The mass of a body on earth is B. Pepsin 2. Digests starch
C. Renin 3. Digests proteins and a piece of glass are heated to
100 kg (acceleration due to gravity, the same temperature. When
ge = 10 m/s2). If acceleration due to D. Ocytocin 4. Hydrolyses fats
5. Induces contraction touched, thereafter, the copper piece
 ge  of smooth muscles appears hotter than the glass piece.
gravity on the moon is   , then the A B C D Reason (R) : The density of
6 copper is more than that of glass.
mass of the body on the moon is (a) 2 3 1 5
(CSE 2001)
(b) 3 4 2 5
100 (c) 2 3 5 1 86. Assertion (A) : A chemical
(a) kg (b) 60 kg reaction becomes faster at higher
6 (d) 3 1 2 4 temperatures.
(c) 100 kg (d) 600 kg (CSE 2001) Reason (R) : At higher
(CSE 2001) 80. Epiphytes are plants which depend temperatures, molecular motion
75. In an atom, the order of filling up on other plants for becomes more rapid.
of the orbitals is governed by (a) Food (b) Mechanical support (CSE 2001)
(a) Aufbau principle (c) Shade (d) Water 87. Assertion (A) : The boiling point
(b) Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle (CSE 2001) of water decreases as the altitude
(c) Hund’s rule 81. Antigen is a substance which increases.
(d) Pauli’s exclusion principle (a) Destroys harmful bacteria Reason (R) : The atmospheric
(CSE 2001) (b) Is used to treat poisoning pressure increases with altitude.
76. An aqueous solution of copper (c) Lowers body temperature (CSE 2001)
sulphate is acidic in nature because the (d) Stimulates formation of antibody 88. Assertion (A) : Scientists can cut
salt undergoes (CSE 2001) apart and paste together DNA
(a) Dialysis (b) Electrolysis 82. Which of the following features molecules at will, regardless of the
(c) Hydrolysis (d) Photolysis of DNA makes it uniquely suited to source of the molecules.
(CSE 2001) store and transmit genetic information Reason (R) : DNA fragments can
77. Consider the following statements : from generation to generation ? be manipulated using restriction
A simple pendulum is set into (a) Complementarity of the two endonucleases and DNA ligases.
oscillation. Then strands (CSE 2001)
89. Which one of the following is not 4. Guinea-worm is an annelid. 107. Hybridoma technology is a
radioactive ? Which of these are correct ? new biotechnological approach for
(a) Astatine (b) Francium (a) 1 and 2 (b) 1, 2 and 3 commercial production of
(c) Tritium (d) Zirconium (c) 3 and 4 (d) 2, 3 and 4 (a) Monoclonal antibodies
(CSE 2001) (CSE 2001) (b) Interferon (c) Antibiotics
90. The American multinational 97. The ‘stones’ formed in human (d) Alcohol
company, Monsanto, has produced an kidney consist mostly of (CSE 2000)
insect-resistant cotton variety that is (a) Calcium oxalate 108. The sensation of fatigue in the
undergoing field-trials in India. A toxin (b) Sodium acetate muscles after prolonged strenuous
gene from which one of the following (c) Magnesium sulphate physical work is caused by
bacteria has been transferred to this (d) Calcium (a) A decrease in the supply of oxygen
transgenic cotton ? (CSE 2000) (b) Minor wear and tear of muscle
(a) Bacillus subtilis 98. Most of the explosions in mines fibres
(b) Bacillus thurigiensis occur due to the mixing of (c) The depletion of glucose
(c) Bacillus amyloliquifanciens (a) Hydrogen with oxygen (d) The accumulation of lactic acid
(d) Bacillus globlii (b) Oxygen with acetylene (CSE 2000)
(CSE 2001) (c) Methane with air 109. Aluminium surfaces are often
91. When lightwaves pass from air to (d) Carbon dioxide with ethane ‘anodized’. This means the deposition of
glass, the varibles affected are (CSE 2000) a layer of
(a) Wavelength, frequency and velocity 99. Which one of the following (a) Chromium oxide
(b) Velocity and frequency organisms can serve as a biofertilizer for (b) Aluminium oxide
(c) Wavelength and frequency rice crop ? (c) Nickel oxide
(d) Wavelength and velocity (a) Blue-green algae (b)Rhizobium sp (d) Zinc oxide
(CSE 2001) (c) Mycorrhizal fungi (d) Azotobacter sp (CSE 2000)
92. When water is heated from 0°C (CSE 2000) 110. Consider the following statements :
to 10°C, its volume 100. At which stage in its life cycle Hard water is not suitable for
(a) Increases (b) Decreases does the silk worm yield the fibre of 1. Drinking
(c) Does not change commerce ? 2. Washing clothes with soap
(d) First decreases and then increases (a) Egg (b) Larva 3. Use in boilers
(CSE 2001) (c) Pupa (d) Imago 4. Irrigating crops
93. The cellular and molecular control (CSE 2000) Which of these statements are
of programmed cell death is known as 101. The blood glucose level is correct ?
(a) Apoptosis (b) Ageing commonly expressed as (a) 1 and 3 (b) 2 and 3
(c) Degeneration (d) Necrosis (a) Millimeter of Hg (c) 1, 2 and 4 (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
(CSE 2001) (b) Milligram per decilitre (CSE 2000)
94. Consider the following statements : (c) Parts per million 111. A small pouch containing silica gel
In a nuclear reactor, self-sustained (d) Grammes per litre is often found in bottles of medicine in
chain reaction is possible, because (CSE 2000) tablet or powder form because silica gel
1. More neutrons are released in 102. Phytotron is a facility to (a) Kills bacteria
each of the fission reactions. (a) Grow plants under disease-free (b) Kills germs and spores
2. The neutrons immediately take conditions (c) Absorbs moisture
part in the fission process. (b) Conserve endangered species of (d) Absorbs all gases present inside the
3. The fast neutrons are slowed the plants bottle
down by Graphite. (c) Grow plants under controlled (CSE 2000)
4. Every neutron released in the conditions 112. Canola refers to special type of
fission reaction initiates further (d) Induce mutations oil seed mustard varieties bred for human
fission. (CSE 2000)
consumption. The main characteristic of
Which of these statements are correct ? 103. Which one of the following these varieties is that the
(a) 1, 2 and 3 (b) 1 and 3 materials is very hard and very ductile ? (a) Seeds have very high oil content
(c) 2 and 4 (d) 2, 3 and 4 (a) Carborundum (b) Tungsten (b) Oil is rich in unsaturated fatty acids
(CSE 2001) (c) Cast iron (d) Nichrome
95. Match List I with List II and select (CSE 2000)
(c) Oil has long shelf-life
the correct answer using the codes given 104. Insect-resistant cotton plants have (d) Oil has very low Erucic acid content
(CSE 2000)
below the Lists : been genetically engineered by inserting
List I (Bones) List II (Names) a gene from a/an 113. A noise level of 100 decibels
A. Breast-bone 1. Clavicle (a) Virus (b) Bacterium would correspond to
B. Collar-bone 2. Patella (c) Insect (d) Plant (a) Just audible sound
C. Knee-cap 3. Scapula (CSE 2000) (b) Ordinary conversation
D. Shoulder blade 4. Sternum 105. Soft drinks such as colas contain (c) Sound from a noisy street
A B C D significant quantities of (d) Noise from a machine-shop
(a) 4 1 3 2 (a) Caffeine (b) Nicotine (CSE 2000)
(b) 1 4 3 2 (c) Tannin (d) Renin 114. A ‘black hole’ is a body in space
(c) 1 4 2 3 (CSE 2000) which does not allow any radiation to
(d) 4 1 2 3 106. Which one of the following does come out. This property is due to its
(CSE 2001) a TV remote control unit use to operate (a) Very small size
96. Consider the following statements : a TV set ? (b) Very large size
1. Tapeworm is a hermaphrodite. (a) Light waves (b) Sound waves (c) Very high density
2. Round-worm has separate sexes. (c) Microwaves (d) Radio waves (d) Very low density
3. Filaria is caused by a nematode. (CSE 2000) (CSE 2000)


115. The memory of a computer is using the codes given below the lists : 23. (b) : Spirogyra is found in fresh
commonly expressed in terms of kilobytes List I List II water.
or megabytes. A byte is made up of A. Cracking 1. Rubber 24. (d) 25. (b) 26. (c) 27. (b)
(a) Eight binary digits B. Smelting 2. Petroleum 28. (b) 29. (d) 30. (d) 31. (a)
(b) Eight decimal digits C. Hydrogenation 3. Copper 32. (b) 33. (a) 34. (d) 35. (b)
(c) Two binary digits D. Vulcanization 4. Edible Fats 36. (d) 37. (a) 38. (c) 39. (a)
(d) Two decimal digits A B C D 40. (b) 41. (a) 42. (a) 43. (c)
(CSE 2000) (a) 3 2 1 4 44. (c) 45. (d) 46. (a) 47. (c)
116. Fluorescent tubes are fitted with (b) 2 3 4 1 48. (d) 49. (c) 50. (d) 51. (b)
a choke. The choke coil (c) 2 3 1 4 52. (a) 53. (d) 54. (a) 55. (b)
(a) Steps up the line voltage (d) 3 2 4 1 56. (d) 57. (c) 58. (a) 59. (a)
(b) Steps down the line voltage (CSE 2000) 60. (d) 61. (b) 62. (d) 63. (d)
(c) Reduces current in the circuit 120. Within biological communities, 64. (a)
(d) Chokes low frequency currents some species are important in 65. (a) : Methane CH4; Ethane C2H6;
(CSE 2000) determining the ability of a large number Propane C3H8; Butane C4H10
117. For reproducing sound, a CD of other species to persist in the 66. (d) 67. (d) 68. (b) 69. (a)
(Compact Disc) audio player uses a community. Such species are called 70. (a) : AB is universal recipient;
(a) Quartz crystal (a) Keystone species O– universal donor
(b) Titanium needle (b) Allopatric species 71. (b) 72. (b) 73. (d)
(c) Laser beam (c) Sympatric species 74. (c) : Mass remains same at all
(d) Barium titanate ceramic (d) Threatened species places.
(CSE 2000) (CSE 2000)
75. (a) 76. (c) 77. (c) 78. (b)
118. When a CD (compact disc 79. (a) 80. (b) 81. (d) 82. (b)
used in audio and video systems) is seen ANSWERS 83. (b) 84. (b) 85. (b) 86. (b)
in sunlight, rainbow like colours are seen. 87. (c) 88. (a) 89. (d) 90. (b)
This can be explained on the basis of 1. (b) : Night blindness or nyctalopia 91. (d)
the phenomenon of is caused by the deficiency of 92. (d) : 4°C minimum.
(a) Reflection and diffraction Vitamin ‘A’. This vitamin is 93. (a) 94. (b) 95. (d)
(b) Reflection and transmission necessary for the division and 96. (b) : Filariasis (Wucheria) is caused
(c) Diffraction and transmission growth of epithelial cells. by Filaria (Nematode)
(d) Refraction, diffraction and trans- 2. (c) 3. (b) 4. (c) 5. (c) 97. (a) 98. (c) 99. (a) 100. (c)
mission 6. (d) 7. (c) 8. (c) 9. (a) 101. (b) 102. (c) 103. (d) 104. (b)
(CSE 2000) 10. (d) 11. (b) 12. (b) 13. (b) 105. (a) 106. (c) 107. (a) 108. (d)
119. Match List-I (Industrial processes) 14. (d) 15. (c) 16. (a) 17. (d) 109. (b) 110. (b) 111. (c) 112. (b)
with List-II (Industry with which 18. (c) 19. (c) 20. (d) 21. (c) 113. (b) 114. (c) 115. (a) 116. (c)
associated) and select the correct answer 22. (a) 117. (c) 118. (a) 119. (b) 120. (c)