COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 1.


( )
3
2
3 m x t t = − −

( )
2
2 3 3 m/s
dx
v t t
dt
= = − −


( )
2
2 6 3 m/s
dv
a t
dt
= = − −

(a) Time at a = 0.

( )
0 0
0 2 3 3 10 3 t t = − − = −

0
10
3
t =

0
3.33 s t = W
(b) Corresponding position and velocity.

2 3
10 10
3 11.074 m
3 3
x
⎛ ⎞ ⎛ ⎞
=
⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠
− − =

11.07 m x = W


( ) ( )
2
10 10
2 3 3 6.333 m/s
3 3
v
⎛ ⎞ ⎛ ⎞
⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠
= − − = 6.33 m/s v = W




COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 2.


( )
2
3
2 m x t t = − −


( )
2
3 2 2 m/s
dx
v t t
dt
= = − −


2
6 2 m/s
dv
a t
dt
= = −

(a) Time at a = 0.

0
0 6 2 0 t = − =


0
1
3
t =

0
0.333 s t = W

(b) Corresponding position and velocity.

3 2
1 1
2 2.741 m
3 3
x
⎛ ⎞ ⎛ ⎞
= − − = −
⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

2.74 m x = − W


2
1 1
3 2 2 3.666 m/s
3 3
v
⎛ ⎞ ⎛ ⎞
= − − =
⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

3.67 m/s v = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 3.


Position:

4 3
5 4 3 2 ft x t t t = − + −

Velocity:

3 2
20 12 3 ft/s
dx
v t t
dt
= = − +

Acceleration:

2 2
60 24 ft/s
dv
a t t
dt
= = −

When

2 s, t =


( )( ) ( )( ) ( )( )
4 3
5 2 4 2 3 2 2 x = − − − 52 ft x = W

( )( ) ( )( )
3 2
20 2 12 2 3 v = − + 115 ft/s v = W

( )( ) ( )( )
2
60 2 24 2 a = −
2
192 ft/s a = W


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 4.


Position:

4 3 2
6 8 14 10 16 in. x t t t t = + − − +

Velocity:

3 2
24 24 28 10 in./s
dx
v t t t
dt
= = + − −

Acceleration:

2 2
72 48 28 in./s
dv
a t t
dt
= = + −

When

3 s, t =


( )( ) ( )( ) ( )( ) ( )( )
4 3 2
6 3 8 3 14 3 10 3 16 x = + − − + 562 in. x = !

( )( ) ( )( ) ( )( )
3 2
24 3 24 3 28 3 10 v = + − − 770 in./s v = !

( )( ) ( )( )
2
72 3 48 3 28 a = + −
2
764 in./s a = !


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 5.


Position:

500sin mm x kt =

Velocity:

500 cos mm/s
dx
v k kt
dt
= =

Acceleration:

2 2
500 sin mm/s
dv
a k kt
dt
= = −

When

0.05 s, and 10 rad/s t k = =


( )( ) 10 0.05 0.5 rad kt = =


( ) 500sin 0.5 x = 240 mm x = !

( )( ) ( ) 500 10 cos 0.5 v = 4390 mm/s v = !

( )( ) ( )
2
500 10 sin 0.5 a = −
3 2
24.0 10 mm/s a = − × !
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 6.


Position:

( )
2
1 2
50sin mm x k t k t = −

Where

2
1 2
1 rad/s and 0.5 rad/s k k = =

Let

2 2
1 2
0.5 rad k t k t t t θ = − = −

( )
2
2
2
1 rad/s and 1 rad/s
d d
t
dt dt
θ θ
= − = −

Position:

50sin mm x θ =

Velocity:

50cos mm/s
dx d
v
dt dt
θ
θ = =

Acceleration:

dv
a
dt
=


2
2
2
2
50cos 50sin mm/s
d d
a
dt dt
θ θ
θ θ
⎛ ⎞
= −
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠

When 0, v =

either cos 0 θ =

or

1 0 1 s
d
t t
dt
θ
= − = =

Over 0 2 s, values of cos are: t θ ≤ ≤

( ) s t 0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0
( ) rad θ 0 0.375 0.5 0.375 0
cosθ 1.0 0.931 0.878 0.981 1.0
No solutions cos 0 in this range. θ =
For 1 s, t =

( )( )
2
1 0.5 1 0.5 rad θ = − =


( ) 50sin 0.5 x = 24.0 mm x = W

( )( ) ( )( ) 50cos 0.5 1 50sin 0.5 0 a = − −
2
43.9 mm/s a = − W
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 7.


Given:

3 2
6 9 5 x t t t = − + +

Differentiate twice.

2
3 12 9
dx
v t t
dt
= = − +


6 12
dv
a t
dt
= = −

(a) When velocity is zero.
0 v =

( )( )
2
3 12 9 3 1 3 0 t t t t − + = − − =


1 s and 3 s t t = = W

(b) Position at t = 5 s.

( ) ( )( ) ( )( )
3 2
5
5 6 5 + 9 5 + 5 x = −

5
25 ft x = W

Acceleration at t = 5 s.

( )( )
5
6 5 12 a = −

2
5
18 ft/s a = W

Position at t = 0.

0
5 ft x =

Over 0 ≤ t < 1 s x is increasing.
Over 1 s < t < 3 s x is decreasing.
Over 3 s < t ≤ 5 s x is increasing.
Position at t = 1 s.

( ) ( )( ) ( )( )
3 2
1
1 6 1 9 1 5 9 ft x = − + + =

Position at t = 3 s.

( ) ( )( ) ( )( )
3 2
3
3 6 3 9 3 5 5 ft x = − + + =

Distance traveled.

At t = 1 s
1 1 0
9 5 4 ft d x x = − = − =
At t = 3 s
3 1 3 1
4 5 9 8 ft d d x x = + − = + − =

At t = 5 s
5 3 5 3
8 25 5 28 ft d d x x = + − = + − =


5
28 ft d = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 8.


( )
3
2
2 ft x t t = − −

( )
2
2 3 2 ft/s
dx
v t t
dt
= = − −

(a) Positions at v = 0.

( )
2
2
2 3 2 3 14 12 0 t t t t − − = − + − =


2
14 (14) (4)( 3)( 12)
(2)( 3)
t
− ± − − −
=



1 2
1.1315 s and 3.535 s t t = =


1
At 1.1315 s, t =

1
1.935 ft x =

1
1.935 ft x = W


2
At 3.535 s, t =

2
8.879 ft x =

2
8.879 ft x = W

(b) Total distance traveled.

0
At 0, t t = =

0
8 ft x =


4
At 4 s, t t = =

4
8 ft x =

Distances traveled.

1
0 to : t

1
1.935 8 6.065 ft d = − =


1 2
to : t t

2
8.879 1.935 6.944 ft d = − =


2 4
to : t t

3
8 8.879 0.879 ft d = − =

Adding,

1 2 3
d d d d = + +

13.89 ft d = W


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 9.


0.2
3
t
a e

=

0 0
v t
dv a dt =
∫ ∫


0.2 0.2
0
0
3
0 3
0.2
t
t
t t
v e dt e
− −
− = =




( ) ( )
0.2 0.2
15 1 15 1
t t
v e e
− −
= − − = −

At t = 0.5 s,
( )
0.1
15 1 v e

= −

1.427 ft/s v = W

0 0
x t
dx v dt =
∫ ∫


( )
0.2 0.2
0
0
1
0 15 1 15
0.2
t
t
t t
x e dt t e
− −
⎛ ⎞
− = − = +
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠



( )
0.2
15 5 5
t
x t e

= + −

At 0.5 s, t =

( )
0.1
15 0.5 5 5 x e

= + − 0.363 ft x = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 10.


Given:

2
0 0
5.4sin ft/s , 1.8 ft/s, 0, 3 rad/s a kt v x k = − = = =


0
0 0
0
5.4
5.4 sin cos
t
t t
v v adt kt dt kt
k
− = = − =
∫ ∫


( )
5.4
1.8 cos 1 1.8cos 1.8
3
v kt kt − = − = −

Velocity:

1.8cos ft/s v kt =


0
0 0
0
1.8
1.8 cos sin
t
t t
x x v dt kt dt kt
k
− = = =
∫ ∫


( )
1.8
0 sin 0 0.6sin
3
x kt kt − = − =

Position:

0.6sin ft x kt =

When 0.5 s, t =

( )( ) 3 0.5 1.5 rad kt = =


1.8cos1.5 0.1273 ft/s v = = 0.1273 ft/s v = W

0.6sin1.5 0.5985 ft x = = 0.598 ft x = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 11.


Given:

2
3.24sin 4.32cos ft/s , 3 rad/s a kt kt k = − − =


0 0
0.48 ft, 1.08 ft/s x v = =


( ) ( )
0
0 0 0
0 0
3.24 sin 4.32 cos
3.24 4.32
1.08 cos sin
3.24 4.32
cos 1 sin 0
3 3
1.08cos 1.08 1.44sin
t t t
t t
v v a dt kt dt kt dt
v kt kt
k k
kt kt
kt kt
− = = − −
− = −
= − − −
= − −
∫ ∫ ∫

Velocity:

1.08cos 1.44sin ft/s v kt kt = −


( ) ( )
0
0 0 0
0 0
1.08 cos 1.44 sin
1.08 1.44
0.48 sin cos
1.08 1.44
sin 0 cos 1
3 3
0.36sin 0.48cos 0.48
t t t
t t
x x v dt kt dt kt dt
x kt kt
k k
kt kt
kt kt
− = = −
− = +
= − + −
= + −
∫ ∫ ∫

Position:

0.36sin 0.48cos ft x kt kt = +

When
0.5 s, t =

( )( ) 3 0.5 1.5 rad kt = =


1.08cos1.5 1.44sin1.5 1.360 ft/s v = − = − 1.360 ft/s v = − !

0.36sin1.5 0.48cos1.5 0.393 ft x = + = 0.393 ft x = !
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 12.


Given:

2
mm/s where is a constant. a kt k =

At 0, t =

400 mm/s; at 1 s, 370 mm/s, 500 mm v t v x = = = =


2
400 0 0
1
2
v t t
dv a dt kt dt kt = = =
∫ ∫ ∫

2 2
1 1
400 or 400
2 2
v kt v kt − = = +

At 1 s, t =

( )
2
3
1
400 1 370, 60 mm/s
2
v k k = + = = −
Thus

2
400 30 mm/s v t = −

At

7 s, t =

( )( )
2
7
400 30 7 v = −
7
1070 mm/s v = − W
2 2 2
When 0, 400 30 0. Then 13.333 s , 3.651 s v t t t = − = = =

For 0 3.651 s, t ≤ ≤

0 and is increasing. v x >

For 3.651 s, t >

0 and is decreasing. v x <


( )
2
500 1 1
400 30
x t t
dx v dt t dt = = −
∫ ∫ ∫

( )
3 3
1
500 400 10 400 10 390
t
x t t t t − = − = − −

Position:

3
400 10 110 mm x t t = − +

At
0, t =

0
110 mm x x = =

At
3.651 s, t =

( )( ) ( )( )
3
max
400 3.651 10 3.651 110 1083.7 mm x x = = − + =

At

7 s, t =

( )( ) ( )( )
3
7
400 7 10 7 110 x x = = − +
7
520 mm x = − W
Distances traveled:

Over
0 3.651 s, t ≤ ≤

1 max 0
973.7 mm d x x = − =

Over
3.651 7 s, t ≤ ≤

2 max 7
1603.7 mm d x x = − =

Total distance traveled:

1 2
2577.4 mm d d d = + =

2580 mm d = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 13.


Determine velocity.
0.15 2 2
0.15
v t t
dv adt dt

= =
∫ ∫ ∫

( ) ( )( ) 0.15 0.15 0.15 2 v t − − = −


0.15 0.45 m/s v t = −

At

5 s, t =

( )( )
5
0.15 5 0.45 v = −
5
0.300 m/s v = W
When 0, v =

0.15 0.45 0 3.00 s t t − = =

For 0 3.00 s, t ≤ ≤

0, is decreasing. v x ≤

For 3.00 5 s, t ≤ ≤

0, is increasing. v x ≥

Determine position.

( )
10 0 0
0.15 0.45
x t t
dx v dt t dt

= = −
∫ ∫ ∫


( )
( )
2 2
0
10 0.075 0.45 0.075 0.45
t
x t t t t − − = − = −


2
0.075 0.45 10 m x t t = − −

At 5 s, t =

( )( ) ( )( )
2
5
0.075 5 0.45 5 10 10.375 m x = − − = −


5
10.38 m x = − W

At
0, t =

0
10 m (given) x = −

At
3.00 s, t =

( )( ) ( )( )
2
3 min
0.075 3.00 0.45 3.00 10 10.675 mm x x = = − − = −

Distances traveled:

Over 0 3.00 s, t ≤ ≤
1 0 min
0.675 m d x x = − =
Over
3.00 s 5 s, t < <

2 5 min
0.300 m d x x = − =
Total distance traveled:
1 2
0.975 m d d d = + =

0.975 m d = W


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 14.


Given:

2
9 3 a t = −
Separate variables and integrate.
( )
2
0 0
9 3 9
v t
dv a dt t dt = = − =
∫ ∫ ∫


3
0 9 v t t − = −
( )
2
9 v t t = −
(a) When v is zero.
2
(9 ) 0 t t − =

0 and 3 s (2 roots) t t = =

3 s t = W

(b) Position and velocity at 4 s. t =
( )
3
5 0 0
9
x t t
dx v dt t t dt = = −
∫ ∫ ∫


2 4
9 1
5
2 4
x t t − = −


2 4
9 1
5
2 4
x t t = + −


At 4 s, t =

( ) ( )
2 4
4
9 1
5 4 4
2 4
x
⎛ ⎞ ⎛ ⎞
= + −
⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

4
13 m x = W


( )
( )
2
4
4 9 4 v = −

4
28 m/s v = − W

(c) Distance traveled.
Over 0 3 s, t < < v is positive, so x is increasing.
Over 3 s 4 s, t < ≤ v is negative, so x is decreasing.

At 3 s, t =

( ) ( )
2 4
3
9 1
5 3 3 25.25 m
2 4
x
⎛ ⎞ ⎛ ⎞
= + − =
⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠


At 3 s t =

3 3 0
25.25 5 20.25 m d x x = − = − =

At 4 s t =
4 3 4 3
20.25 13 25.25 32.5 m d d x x = + − = + − =
4
32.5 m d = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 15.


Given:

2
dv
a kt
dt
= =

Separate variables dv = kt
2
dt
Integrate using v = –10 m/s when t = 0 and v = 10 m/s when t = 2 s.

10 2
2
10 0
dv kt dt

=
∫ ∫


10
3
10
0
1
3
t
v kt

=

[ ] ( )
3 1
(10) ( 10) 2 0
3
k
⎡ ⎤
− − = −
⎢ ⎥
⎣ ⎦

(a) Solving for k,
( )( ) 3 20
8
k =

4
7.5 m/s k = W

(b) Equations of motion.
Using upper limit of v at t,

( )
3 3
10
0
1 1
10 7.5
3 3
t
v
v kt v t

⎛ ⎞
= + =
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠


3
10 2.5 m/s v t = − + W

Then,
3
10 2.5
dx
v t
dt
= = − +

Separate variables and integrate using x = 0 when t = 2 s.

( )
3
10 2.5 dx t dt = − +


( )
3
0 2
10 2.5
x t
dx t dt = − +
∫ ∫


4
2
0 10 0.625
t
x t t
⎡ ⎤
− = − +
⎣ ⎦


( )( ) ( )( )
4
4
10 0.0625 10 2 0.625 2 t t
⎡ ⎤
⎡ ⎤
= − + − − +
⎢ ⎥ ⎣ ⎦
⎣ ⎦


[ ]
4
10 0.625 10 t t = − + − −


4
10 10 0.625 m x t t = − + W


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 16.


Note that is a given function of . a x

( ) 40 160 160 0.25 a x x = − = −

( ) Note that is maximum when 0, or 0.25 m a v a x = =


( ) Use 160 0.25 with the limits v dv adx x dx = = −


max
0.3 m/s when 0.4 m and when 0.25 m v x v v x = = = =


( )
max
0.25
0.3 0.4
160 0.25
v
v dv x dx = −
∫ ∫


( ) ( )
0.25
2 2
2 2
max
0.4
0.25 0.15 0.3
160 160 0 1.8
2 2 2 2
x v
⎡ ⎤
− −
⎢ ⎥ − = − = − − =
⎢ ⎥
⎣ ⎦


2 2 2
max
3.69 m /s v =

max
1.921 m/s v = W

( ) Note that is maximum or minimum when 0. b x v =


( ) Use 160 0.25 with the limits v dv adx x = = −

0.3 m/s when 0.4 m, and 0 when
m
v x v x x = = = =


( )
0
0.3 0.4
160 0.25
m
x
v dv x dx = −
∫ ∫


( ) ( )
( ) ( )( )
2 2
2 2
0.4
0.3 0.25
0 160 80 0.25 80 0.15
2 2
m
x
m
x
x

− = − = − − + −

( )
2
0.25 0.02306 0.25 0.1519 m
m m
x x − = − = ±


0.0981 m and 0.402 m
m
x = W


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 17.


is a function of : a x

( )
2
100 0.25 m/s a x = −

( ) Use 100 0.25 with limits v dv a dx x dx = = − 0 when 0.2 m v x = =

( )
0 0.2
100 0.25
v x
v dv x dx = −
∫ ∫


( )( )
2
2
0.2
1 1
0 100 0.25
2 2
x
v x − = − −


( )
2
50 0.25 0.125 x = − − +

So
( ) ( )
2 2
2
0.25 100 0.25 or 0.5 1 400 0.25 v x v x = − − = ± − −

Use

( )
2
or
0.5 1 400 0.25
dx dx
dx v dt dt
v
x
= = =
± − −

Integrate:

( )
0 0.2
2
0.5 1 400 0.25
t x dx
dt
x
= ±
− −
∫ ∫

Let ( ) 20 0.25 ; when 0.2 = 1 and 20 u x x u du dx = − = = −

So

1 1
1
2
1
1 1
sin sin
10 10 2
10 1
u
u du
t u u
u
π
− −
 
= = = −
 
 


m m m

Solve for . u

1
sin 10
2
u t
π

= m


( ) sin 10 cos 10 cos10
2
u t t t
π  
= = ± =
 
 
m


( ) cos 10 20 0.25 u t x = = −
continued

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.



Solve for and . x v

1
0.25 cos10
20
x t = −


1
sin10
2
v t =

Evaluate at 0.2 s. t =


( )( ) ( )
1
0.25 cos 10 0.2
20
x = − 0.271 m x = W
( )( ) ( )
1
sin 10 0.2
2
v = 0.455 m/s v = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 18.


Note that is a given function of a x

Use

( ) ( )
2 3
600 1 600 600 v dv adx x kx dx x kx dx = = + = +

Using the limits

7.5 ft/s when 0, v x = =

and

15 ft/s when 0.45 ft, v x = =


( )
15 0.45
3
7.5 0
600 600 v dv x kx dx = +
∫ ∫


15
0.45
2
2 4
0
7.5
600 600
2 2 4
v
x kx
⎡ ⎤
⎡ ⎤
= +
⎢ ⎥
⎢ ⎥
⎣ ⎦
⎣ ⎦


( ) ( )
( )( ) ( ) ( )
2 2
2 4
15 7.5
300 0.45 150 0.45
2 2
k − = +


84.375 60.75 6.1509k = +

Solving for , k

2
3.84 ft k

= W


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 19.


Note that is a given function of . a x

Use

( )
3
800 3200 v dv adx x x dx = = +

Using the limit 10 ft/s when 0, v x = =


( )
3
10 0
800 3200
v x
v dv x x dx = +
∫ ∫


( )
2
2
2 4
10
400 800
2 2
v
x x − = +


2 4 2 2
1600 800 100 Let v x x u x = + + =

Then

( )( )
2 2
1 2
1600 800 100 1600 , v u u u u u u = + + = − −

1 2
where and are the roots of u u

2
1600 800 100 0 u u + + =

Solving the quadratic equation,

( ) ( )( )( )
( )( )
2
1,2
800 800 4 1600 100
800 0
0.25 0
2 1600 3200
u
− ± −
− ±
= = = − ±


2
1 2
0.25 ft u u = = −

So

( )
( )
2
2
2 2 2 2 2
1600 0.25 1600 0.5 ft /s v u x = + = +

Taking square roots,

( )
2 2
40 0.5 ft/s v x = ± +
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

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Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Use

( )
2 2
or
40 0.5
dx dx
dx v dt dt
v
x
= = = ±
+

2 2
40 Use limit 0 when 0
0.5
dx
dt x t
x
= ± = =
+


1
2 2 0 0
1
40 tan
0.5 0.5 0.5
t x dx x
dt
x

= ± = ±
+
∫ ∫


( ) ( )
1 1
40 2.0tan 2 or tan 2 20 t x x t
− −
= ± = ±


( ) ( ) 2 tan 20 or 0.5tan 20 x t x t = ± = ±


( ) ( ) ( )
2 2
0.5 sec 20 20 10 sec 20
dx
v t t
dt
 
= = ± = ±
 

At 0, 10 ft/s, which agrees with the given data if the minus sign is rejected. t v = = ±

Thus,

( ) ( )
2
10 sec 20 ft/s, and 0.5tan 20 ft v t x t = =

At
0.05 s, t =

20 1.0 rad t =


( )
2
2
10
10sec 1.0
cos 1.0
v = = 34.3 ft/s v = W

( ) 0.5tan 1.0 x = 0.779 ft x = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 20.


Note that is a given function of . a x

2
7
12 28 12 m/s
3
a x x
| |
= − = −
|
\ .

7
Use 12 with the limits
3
v dv adx x dx
| |
= = −
|
\ .
8 m/s when 0. v x = =

2
2
8 0
8 0
7 12 7
12
3 2 2 3
x v
v x v
v dv x dx x
| |
| | | |
= − = −
|
| |
|
\ . \ .
\ .
∫ ∫


2 2
2 2
8 12 7 7
2 2 2 3 3
v
x

| | | |
− = − −
| |
\ . \ .



2 2 2
2 2
7 7 7 4
8 12 12
3 3 3 3
v x x

| | | | | |
= + − − = − −
| | |
\ . \ . \ .



2
7 4
12
3 3
v x
| |
= ± − −
|
\ .

Reject minus sign to get 8 m/s at 0. v x = =

(a) Maximum value of . x
max
0 when v x x = =

2 2
7 4 7 1
12 0 or
3 3 3 9
x x
| | | |
− − = − =
| |
\ . \ .


max max
7 1 8 2
2 m and m 2 m
3 3 3 3
x x x − = ± = = =

Now observe that the particle starts at 0 with 0 and reaches 2 m. At 2 m, 0 and x v x x v = > = = =

2
0, so that becomes negative and decreases. Thus, 2 m is never reached.
3
a v x x < =


max
2 m x = !
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


(b) Velocity when total distance traveled is 3 m.
The particle will have traveled total distance 3 m d = when
max max
d x x x − = − or 3 2 2 x − = −
or 1 m. x =

Using

2
7 4
12
3 3
v x
| |
= − − −
|
\ .
, which applies when x is decreasing, we get

2
7 4
12 1 20
3 3
v
| |
= − − − = −
|
\ .
4.47 m/s v = − !


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 21.


Note that is a function of . a x

( )
1
x
a k e

= −

( )
Use 1 with the limits 9 m/s when 3 m, and 0 when 0.
x
v dv adx k e dx v x v x

= = − = = − = =


( )
0 0
9 3
1
x
v dv k e dx


= −
∫ ∫


( )
0
2
0
3
9
2
x
v
k x e


⎛ ⎞
= +
⎜ ⎟
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠

( )
2
3
9
0 0 1 3 16.0855
2
k e k
⎡ ⎤
− = + − − − = −
⎣ ⎦

(a) 2.5178 k =
2
2.52 m/s k = W

( ) ( )
Use 1 2.5178 1 with the limit 0 when 0.
x x
v dv adx k e dx e dx v x
− −
= = − = − = =

( )
0 0
2.5178 1
v x
x
v dv e dx

= −
∫ ∫


( ) ( )
2
0
2.5178 2.5178 1
2
x
x x
v
x e x e
− −
= + = + −


( ) ( )
1/2
2
5.0356 1 2.2440 1
x x
v x e v x e
− −
= + − = ± + −

(b) Letting

2 m, x = −

( )
1/ 2
2
2.2440 2 1 4.70 m/s v e = ± − + − = ±


Since begins at 2 m and ends at 0, 0. x x x v = − = >

Reject the minus sign.

4.70 m/s v = W


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 22.


0.00057
6.8
x
dv
a v e
dx

= =


0.00057
0 0
6.8
v x
x
v dv e dx

=
∫ ∫

2
0.00057
0
6.8
0
2 0.00057
x
x
v
e

− =



( )
0.00057
11930 1
x
e

= −

When 30 m/s. v =

( )
( )
2
0.00057
30
11930 1
2
x
e

= −

0.00057
1 0.03772
x
e

− =
0.00057
0.96228
x
e

=

0.00057 ln(0.96228) 0.03845 x − = = −

67.5 m x = W


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 23.

Given:
0.4
dv
a v v
dx
= = −

or
0.4
dv
dx
= −

Separate variables and integrate using 75 mm/s when 0. v x = =

75 0
0.4 75 0.4
v x
dv v x = − − = −
∫ ∫

(a) Distance traveled when 0 v =
0 75 0.4x − = − 187.5 mm x = W

(b) Time to reduce velocity to 1% of initial value.

(0.01)(75) 0.75 v = =


0.75
2.5ln
75
t = −

11.51 s t = W



COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 24.

Given:
dv
a v kv
dx
= = −
2

Separate variables and integrate using 9 m/s when 0. v x = =

9 0
v x dv
k dx
v
= −
∫ ∫

ln
9
v
kx = −

Calculate using 7 m/s when 13 m. k v x = =


( )( )
3 1
7
ln 13 19.332 10 m
9
k k
− −
= − = ×

Solve for . x

1
ln 51.728 ln
9 9
v v
x
k
= − = −

(a) Distance when 3 m/s. v =

3
51.728 ln
9
x
⎛ ⎞
= −
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠
56.8 m x = W
(b) Distance when 0. v =

( ) 51.728 ln 0 x = −

x = ∞ W


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 25.


0 0
, 0, 25 ft/s v dv adx k vdx x v = = − = =


1/2
1
dx v dv
k
= −


0 0
0
3/2
1 2
3
v
x v
x v
v
dx vdv v
k k
= − = −
∫ ∫

( )
( )
3/2
3/2 3/2 3/2 3/2
0 0
2 2 2
or 25 125
3 3 3
x x v v x v v
k k k
⎡ ⎤
⎡ ⎤
− = − = − = −
⎢ ⎥ ⎣ ⎦
⎣ ⎦

Noting that 6 ft when 12 ft/s, x v = =

3/2 3
2 55.62
6 125 12 or 9.27 ft/s
3
k
k k
⎡ ⎤
= − = =
⎣ ⎦

Then,

( )( )
( )
3/2 3/2
2
125 0.071916 125
3 9.27
x v v
⎡ ⎤
= − = −
⎣ ⎦


3/2
125 13.905 v x = −

( ) When a
8 ft, x =

( )( ) ( )
3/2
3/2
125 13.905 8 13.759 ft/s v = − =


5.74 ft/s v = W

( ) b

dv adt k vdt = = −

1/ 2
1 dv
dt
k v
= −


( )
0
1/2 1/2 1/2
0
1 2
2
v
v
t v v v
k k
⎡ ⎤
= − ⋅ = −
⎣ ⎦


At rest,

0 v =

( )( )
1/2
1/2
0
2 25 2
9.27
v
t
k
= = 1.079 s t = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 26.


2
0.8 49 a v = +

2

0.8 49
v dv v dv
v dv adx dx
a
v
= = =
+

Integrating using 0 when 0, x v = =


2
0 0
2
0
1 1
49
0.8 0.8
49
v
x v v dv
dx v
v
= = +
+
∫ ∫

( )
2
1.25 49 7 x v = + −
(1)
( ) When a

24 ft/s, v =

( )
2
1.25 24 49 7 x = + − 22.5 ft x = W
(b) Solving equation (1) for
2
, v

2
49 7 0.8 v x + = +
( )
2
2
7 0.8 49 v x = + −
When 40 ft, x =

( )( )
2
2 2 2
7 0.8 40 49 1472 ft /s v ⎡ ⎤ = + − =
⎣ ⎦

38.4 ft/s v = W


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 27.


2 2
2 , and 0 when 0
dv
a k k v v t
dt
= = − − = =


1
2 2
2 sin
dv v
k dt d
k
k v

⎡ ⎤
⎛ ⎞
− = =
⎜ ⎟ ⎢ ⎥
⎝ ⎠
⎣ ⎦ −


1
0
0
2 sin
v
t v
k dt
k

⎡ ⎤
⎛ ⎞
− =
⎜ ⎟ ⎢ ⎥
⎝ ⎠
⎣ ⎦



1
sin 2
v
kt
k

⎛ ⎞
= −
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠


( ) ( ) sin 2 sin 2 v k kt k kt = − = −
( ) sin 2 dx v dt k kt dt = = −
Integrating, using 1.5 ft at 0, and 1.2 ft at 0.2 s, x t x t = = = =

( )
1.2 0.2
1.5 0
sin 2 dx k kt dt ⎡ ⎤ = −
⎣ ⎦
∫ ∫


( )
1.2
1.5
0
1
cos 2
2
t
x kt =

( ) ( )
1 1
1.2 1.5 cos 2 0.2
2 2
k ⎡ ⎤ − = −
⎣ ⎦

( ) cos 0.4 0.4 k =


( )
1
0.4 cos 0.4 1.1593 rad k

= =


1.1593
0.4
k = 2.90 ft/s k = W


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 28.

Acceleration is a given function of velocity.
(a) Position when 0.6 ft/s. v = −

2
From , we get
2 1
v dv v dv
v dv adx dx
a
v
= = =
− −

Integrating, using 1.5 ft x = when 0. v =
2
1.5 0 1.5
2
0
1
or 1
2
2 1
v
x x v v dv
dx x v
v
⎛ ⎞
= = −
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠
− −
∫ ∫

( )
2 2
1 1
1.5 1 1 or 1 1
2 2
x v x v − = − − = − +
(1)

When

0.6 ft/s, v = −

( )
2 1
1 0.6 1
2
x = − − + 1.400 ft x = W
(b) Position when 0.3 s. t =

2
From we get
2 1
dv dv
dv adt dt
a
v
= = =
− −

Integrating, using 0 t = when 0. v =
( )
1
0 0 0
2
0
1
, or sin
2
2 1
v
t t v dv
dt t v
v

= = −
− −
∫ ∫


1 1
1 1
0 sin 0 sin
2 2
t v t v
− −
− = − − = −


Solving for , v

( ) ( ) sin 2 sin 2 v t t = − = −


When

0.3 s, t =

2 0.6 rad t =


sin0.6 0.5646 ft/s v = − = −


Using equation (1),

( )
2 1
1 0.5646 1
2
x = − − +

1.413 ft x = W


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 29.

x as a function of v.

0.00057
1
154
x
v
e

= −


2
0.00057
1
154
x
v
e

⎛ ⎞
= −
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠


2
0.00057 ln 1
154
v
x
⎡ ⎤
⎛ ⎞
− = − ⎢ ⎥
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠ ⎢ ⎥
⎣ ⎦


2
1754.4 ln 1
154
v
x
⎡ ⎤
⎛ ⎞
= − − ⎢ ⎥
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠ ⎢ ⎥
⎣ ⎦
(1)
a as a function of x.

( )
2 0.00057
23716 1 v e

= −


( )( )
2
0.0005
11858 0.00057
2
x
dv d v
a v e
dx dx

⎛ ⎞
= = = ⎜ ⎟
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠


2
0.00057
6.75906 6.75906 1
154
x
v
a e

⎡ ⎤
⎛ ⎞
= = − ⎢ ⎥
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠ ⎢ ⎥
⎣ ⎦
(2)
(a) v = 20 m/s.
From (1), x = 29.843 x = 29.8 m e
From (2), a = 6.64506 a = 6.65 m/s
2
e
(b) v = 40 m/s.
From (1), x = 122.54 x = 122.5 m e
From (2), a = 6.30306 a = 6.30 m/s
2
e


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 30.


( )
0.3
Given: 7.5 1 0.04 with units km and km/h v x = −

(a) Distance at 1 hr. t =
0.3
Using , we get
7.5(1 0.04 )
dx dx
dx v dt dt
v x
= = =


Integrating, using 0 t = when 0, x =
( )
( ) ( )( )
{ }
0.7
0
0.3 0 0
0
1 1 1
or [ ] 1 0.04
7.5 7.5 0.7 0.04
1 0.04
x
t x
t
dx
dt t x

= = ⋅ −

∫ ∫


( )
{ }
0.7
4.7619 1 1 0.04 t x = − −

(1)


Solving for , x

( )
{ }
1/0.7
25 1 1 0.210 x t = − −


When

1 h, t =

( )( )
{ }
1/0.7
25 1 1 0.210 1 x ⎡ ⎤ = − −
⎣ ⎦
7.15 km x = W
(b) Acceleration when 0. t =

0.7 0.7
(7.5)(0.3)( 0.04)(1 0.04 ) 0.0900(1 0.04 )
dv
x x
dx
− −
= − − = − −

When 0 t = and 0, x =
1
7.5 km/h, 0.0900 h
dv
v
dx

= −

2
(7.5)( 0.0900) 0.675 km/h
dv
a v
dx
= = − = −


2
2
(0.675)(1000)
m/s
(3600)
= −

6 2
52.1 10 m/s a

= − × W

(c) Time to run 6 km.
Using 6 km x = in equation (1),

( )( )
{ }
0.7
4.7619 1 1 0.04 6 0.8323 h t ⎡ ⎤ = − − =
⎣ ⎦

49.9 min t = W




COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 31.


The acceleration is given by

2
2
dv gR
v a
dr r
= = −

Then,
2
2
gR dr
v dv
r
= −

Integrating, using the conditions
esc
0 at , and v r v v = = ∞ = at r R =

esc
0
2
2 v R
dr
v dv gR
r

= −
∫ ∫


esc
0
2 2
1 1
2
v
R
v gR
r

⎛ ⎞
=
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠


2 2
esc
1 1
0 0
2
v gR
R
⎛ ⎞
− = −
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠


esc
2 v gR =

6 2
Now, 3960 mi 20.909 10 ft and 32.2 ft/s . R g = = × =

Then,

( )( )
( )
6
esc
2 32.2 20.909 10 v = ×
3
esc
36.7 10 ft/s v = × W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 32.


The acceleration is given by

6
2
20.9 10
32.2
1
y
a
×

=
⎡ ⎤
⎛ ⎞
+
⎜ ⎟
⎢ ⎥
⎝ ⎠
⎣ ⎦

6
2
20.9 10
32.2
1
y
dy
vdv ady
×

= =
⎡ ⎤
⎛ ⎞
+
⎜ ⎟
⎢ ⎥
⎝ ⎠
⎣ ⎦

2
0 max
Integrate, using the conditions at 0 and 0 at . Also, use 32.2 ft/s and v v y v y y g = = = = =

6
20.9 10 ft. R = ×

( )
( )
0
0
2
2 2 0 0
1
v
y
R
dy dy
v dv g gR
R y
∞ ∞
= − = −
+
+
∫ ∫ ∫

max
0
0
2 2
0
1 1
2
y
v
v gR
R y
⎛ ⎞
=
⎜ ⎟
+
⎝ ⎠


( )
2 2 2 max
0 0 max max
max max
1 1 1
0 2
2
gRy
v gR v R y gRy
R y R R y
⎡ ⎤
− = − = − + =
⎢ ⎥
+ +
⎣ ⎦

max
Solving for , y

2
0
max
2
0
2
Rv
y
gR v
=


Using the given numerical data,

( )( )
( )
6 2 6 2
0 0
max
9 2
6 2
0
0
20.9 10 20.9 10
1.34596 10
2 32.2 20.9 10
v v
y
v
v
× ×
= =
× −
× −

0
( ) 2400 ft/s, a v =

( )
( )
( )
( )
2
6
max
2
9
20.9 10 2400
1.34596 10 2400
y
×
=
× −

3
max
89.8 10 ft y = × W
0
( ) 4000 ft/s, b v =

( )
( )
( )
( )
2
6
max
2
9
20.9 10 4000
1.34596 10 4000
y
×
=
× −

3
max
251 10 ft y = × W
0
( ) 40000 ft/s, c v =

( )
( )
( )
( )
2
6
max
2
9
20.9 10 40000
negative
1.34596 10 40000
y
×
= =
× −

Negative value indicates that
0
v is greater than the escape velocity.

max
y = ∞ W


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 33.


( ) ( ) Given: sin
n
a v v t ω ϕ ′ = +


At 0, t =

0
0
sin or sin
v
v v v
v
ϕ ϕ ′ = = =

(1)
Let x be maximum at
1
t t = when 0. v =
Then, ( ) ( )
1 1
sin 0 and cos 1
n n
t t ω ϕ ω ϕ + = + = ± (2)

Using

or
dx
v dx v dt
dt
= =


Integrating,

( ) cos
n
n
v
x C t ω ϕ
ω

= − +


At 0, t =

0 0
cos or cos
n n
v v
x x C C x ϕ ϕ
ω ω
′ ′
= = − = +


Then,

( )
0
cos cos
n
n n
v v
x x t ϕ ω ϕ
ω ω
′ ′
= + − +
(3)

max 0 1
cos using cos 1
n
n
v v
x x t ϕ ω ϕ
ω ω
′ ′
= + + + = −


Solving for cos , ϕ

( )
max 0
cos 1
n
x x
v
ω
ϕ

= −



max 0
With 2 , x x =

0
cos 1
n
x
v
ω
ϕ = −

(4)

Using

2 2
2 2 0 0
sin cos 1, or 1 1
n
v x
v v
ω
ϕ ϕ
| | | |
+ = + − =
| |
′ ′
\ . \ .


Solving for gives v′

( )
2 2 2
0 0
0
(5)
2
n
n
v x
v
x
ω
ω
+
′ = W


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


( ) Acceleration: b

( ) cos
n n
dv
a v t
dt
ω ω ϕ ′ = = +


2
Let be maximum at when 0. v t t a = =

Then, ( )
2
cos 0
n
t ω ϕ + =
From equation (3), the corresponding value of x is
( )
0
0 0 0
2 2 2 2
0 0 0
0 0
2
0 0
cos 1 2
3 1
2
2 2 2
n
n n n
n
n n n
v v x v
x x x x
v
v x v
x x
x x
ω
ϕ
ω ω ω
ω
ω ω ω
′ ′ ′
| |
= + = + − = −
|

\ .
+
= − = −


( )
0
0
2
0
3

2
n
v
x
x
ω




W



COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 34.


0
( ) 1 sin
dx t
a v v
dt T
π ⎡ ⎤
= = −
⎢ ⎥
⎣ ⎦


0
Integrating, using 0 when 0, x x t = = =

0
0 0 0
1 sin
x t t t
dx v dt v dt
T
π ⎡ ⎤
= = −
⎢ ⎥
⎣ ⎦
∫ ∫ ∫


0
0
0
0
cos
t
x v T t
x v t
T
π
π
⎡ ⎤
= +
⎢ ⎥
⎣ ⎦


0 0
0
cos
v T t v T
x v t
T
π
π π
= + − (1)

When

3 , t T =

( )
0 0
0 0
2
3 cos 3 3
v T v T
x v T v T
T
π
π π
⎛ ⎞
= + − = −
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠


0
2.36 x v T = W

0
cos
dv v t
a
dt T T
π π
= = −

When

3 , t T =

0
cos3
v
a
T
π
π = −
0
v
a
T
π
= W
( ) Using equation (1) with , b t T =


0 0
1 0 0
2
cos 1
v T v T
x v T v T π
π π π
⎛ ⎞
= + − = −
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠

Average velocity is

1 0
ave 0
2
1
x x x
v v
t T π
Δ − ⎛ ⎞
= = = −
⎜ ⎟
Δ
⎝ ⎠

ave 0
0.363 v v = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 35.


10 km/h 2.7778 m/s = 100 km/h 27.7778 m/s =
(a) Acceleration during start test.

dv
a
dt
=
8.2 27.7778
0 2.7778
adt v dt =
∫ ∫

8.2 27.7778 2.7778 a = −
2
3.05 m/s a = W
(b) Deceleration during braking.

dv
a v
dx
= =

44 0
0 27.7778
a dx v dv = =
∫ ∫

( )
( )
0
44
2
0
27.7778
1
2
a x v =
( )
2 1
44 27.7778
2
a = −

2
8.77 m/s a = − deceleration
2
8.77 m/s a = − = W


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 36.

10 km/h 2.7778 m/s = 100 km/h 27.7778 m/s =
(a) Distance traveled during start test.

dv
a
dt
=

0
0
t v
v
a dt dv =
∫ ∫


0
at v v = −

0
v v
a
t

=


2
27.7778 2.7778
3.04878 m/s
8.2
a

= =


0
2.7778 3.04878 v v at t = + = +


)
8.2
0 0
2.7778 3.04878
t
x v dv t dt = = +
∫ ∫


( )( ) ( )( )
2
2.7778 8.2 1.52439 8.2 = +

125.3 m x = W

(b) Elapsed time for braking test.

dv
a v
dx
=

0
0
x v
v
adx v dv =
∫ ∫


2 2
0
2 2
v v
ax = −


( )
( )( )
( )
2 2 2
0
1 1
0 27.7778
2 2 44
a v v
x
= − = −


2
8.7682 m/s = −


dv
a
dt
=

0
0
t v
v
a dt dv =
∫ ∫


0
at v v = −


0
0 27.7778
8.7682
v v
t
a
− −
= =


3.17 s t = W


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 37.


Constant acceleration.

0 0
0, 0
A A
v v x x = = = =


0
v v at at = + =
(1)

2 2
0 0
1 1
2 2
x x v t at at = + + =
(2)
At point , B 2700 ft and 30 s
B
x x t = = =
(a) Solving (2) for a,
( )( )
( )
2 2
2 2700 2
30
x
a
t
= =
2
6 ft/s a = W
(b) Then, ( )( ) 6 30
B
v at = = 180 ft/s
B
v = W


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 38.


Constant acceleration.

0
0 x =


0
v v at = +
(1)

2
0 0
1
2
x x v t at = + +
(2)
Solving (1) for a,
0
v v
a
t

=
(3)
Then,

( ) ( )
2 0
0 0 0 0 0
1 1 1
2 2 2
v v
x x v t t x v v t v v t
t

= + + = + + = +
At 6 s, t =

0 6
1
and 540 ft
2
v v x = =


( )
0 0 0 0
0
1 1 540
540 6 4.5 or 120 ft/s
2 2 4.5
1
60 ft/s
2
v v v v
v v
⎛ ⎞
= + = = =
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠
= =

Then, from (3),
2 2
60 120 60
ft/s 10 ft/s
6 6
a

= = − = −
Substituting into (1) and (2), 120 10 v t = −

( )
2
1
0 120 10
2
x t t = + −

At stopping, 0 or 120 10 0 12 s
s s
v t t = − = =

( )( ) ( )( )
2 1
0 120 12 10 12 720 ft
2
x = + − =

( ) Additional time for stopping 12 s 6 s a = − 6 s t Δ = W
( ) Additional distance for stopping 720 ft 540 ft b = − 180 ft d Δ = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 39.


2
0 0
1
( ) During the acceleration phase
2
a x x v t at = + +

0 0
Using 0, and 0, and solving for gives x v a = =

2
2x
a
t
=


Noting that 130 m when 25 s, x t = =


( )( )
( )
2
2 130
25
a = 0.416 m/s a = W
(b) Final velocity is reached at 25 s. t =

( )( )
0
0 0.416 25
f
v v at = + = + 10.40 m/s
f
v = W
(c) The remaining distance for the constant speed phase is
400 130 270 m x Δ = − =


For constant velocity,

270
25.96 s
10.40
x
t
v
Δ
Δ = = =


Total time for run:

25 25.96 t = + 51.0 s t = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 40.


Constant acceleration. Choose 0 t = at end of powered flight.
Then,

2
1
27.5 m 9.81 m/s y a g = = − = −
(a) When y reaches the ground, 0 and 16 s.
f
y t = =

2 2
1 1 1 1
1 1
2 2
f
y y v t at y v t gt = + + = + −


( )( )
2
2
1 1
1
2 2
1
0 27.5 9.81 16
76.76 m/s
16
f
y y gt
v
t
− + − +
= = =


1
76.8 m/s v = W

(b) When the rocket reaches its maximum altitude
max
, y
0 v =

( ) ( )
2 2 2
1 1 1 1
2 2 v v a y y v g y y = + − = − −


2 2
1
1
2
v v
y y
g

= −


( )
( )( )
2
max
0 76.76
27.5
2 9.81
y

= −
max
328 m y = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 41.


Place origin at 0.
Motion of auto. ( ) ( )
2
0 0
0, 0, 0.75 m/s
A A A
x v a = = =

( ) ( ) ( )
2 2
0 0
1 1
0 0 0.75
2 2
A A A A
x x v t a t t
⎛ ⎞
= + + = + +
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠


2
0.375 m
A
x t =

Motion of bus.
( ) ( )
0 0
?, 6 m/s, 0
B B B
x v a = = − =


( ) ( ) ( )
0 0 0
6 m
B B B B
x x v t x t = − = −

At 20 , 0.
B
t s x = =
( ) ( )( )
0
0 6 20
B
x = − ( )
0
120 m
B
x =
Hence, 120 6
B
x t = −
When the vehicles pass each other, .
B A
x x =

2
120 6 0.375 t t − =

2
0.375 6 120 0 t t + − =

( )( )( )
( )( )
2
6 (6) 4 0.375 120
2 0.375
t
− ± − −
=

6 14.697
11.596 s and 27.6 s
0.75
t
− ±
= = −

Reject the negative root. 11.60 s t = W
Corresponding values of x
A
and x
B
.
( )( )
2
0.375 11.596 50.4 m
A
x = =
( )( ) 120 6 11.596 50.4 m
B
x = − = 50.4 m x = W



COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 42.

Place the origin at A when t = 0.
Motion of A: ( ) ( )
2
0 0
0, 15 km/h = 4.1667 m/s, 0.6 m/s
A A A
x v a = = =
( )
0
4.1667 0.6
A A A
v v a t t = + = +
( ) ( )
2 2
0 0
1
4.1667 0.3
2
A A A A
x x v t a t t t = + + = +
Motion of B: ( ) ( )
2
0 0
25 m, 23 km/h = 6.3889 m/s, 0.4 m/s
B B B
x v a = = = −

( )
0
6.3889 0.4
B B B
v v a t t = + = −


( ) ( )
2 2
0 0
1
25 6.3889 0.2
2
B B B B
x x v t a t t t = + + = + −

(a) When and where A overtakes B.
A B
x x =


2 2
4.1667 0.3 25 6.3889 0.2 t t t t + = + −


2
0.5 2.2222 25 0 t t − − =


( )( )( )
( )( )
2
2.2222 2.2222 4 0.5 25
2 0.5
t
± − −
=


2.2222 7.4120 9.6343 s and 5.19 s t = ± = −

Reject the negative root. .
9.63 s t = W


( )( ) ( )( )
2
4.1667 9.6343 0.3 9.6343 68.0 m
A
x = + =


( )( ) ( )( )
2
25 6.3889 9.6343 0.2 9.6343 68.0 m
B
x = + − =

moves 68.0 m A W

moves 43.0 m B W

(b) Corresponding speeds.

( )( ) 4.1667 0.6 9.6343 9.947 m/s
A
v = + =

35.8 km/h
A
v = W


( )( ) 6.3889 0.4 9.6343 2.535 m/s
B
v = − =

9.13 km/h
B
v = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 43.

Constant acceleration ( )
1 2
and a a for horses 1 and 2.

Let 0 x =

and 0 t = when the horses are at point A.

Then,

2
0
1
2
x v t at = +
Solving for , a
( )
0
2
2 x v t
a
t

=
Using 1200 ft x =

and the initial velocities and elapsed times for each horse,
( )( )
( )
2 1 1
1
2 2
1
2 1200 20.4 61.5
0.028872 ft/s
61.5
x v t
a
t
⎡ ⎤ −

⎣ ⎦
= = = −


( )( )
( )
2 2 2
2
2 2
2
2 1200 21 62.0
0.053070 ft/s
62.0
x v t
a
t
⎡ ⎤ −

⎣ ⎦
= = = −

1 2
Calculating , x x − ( ) ( )
2
1 2 1 2 1 2
1
2
x x v v t a a t − = − + −

( ) ( ) ( )
2
1 2
2
1
20.4 21 0.028872 0.053070
2
0.6 0.012099
x x t t
t t
⎡ ⎤ − = − + − − −
⎣ ⎦
= − +

At point B,
2
1 2
0 0.6 0.012099 0
B B
x x t t − = − + =
(a)
0.6
49.59 s
0.012099
B
t = =

Calculating
B
x using data for either horse,
Horse 1: ( )( ) ( )( )
2 1
20.4 49.59 0.028872 49.59
2
B
x = + − 976 ft
B
x = W
Horse 2: ( )( ) ( )( )
2 1
21 49.59 0.05307 49.59 976 ft
2
B
x = + − =
When horse 1 crosses the finish line at 61.5 s, t =

(b) ( )( ) ( )( )
2
1 2
0.6 61.5 0.012099 61.5 x x − = − + 8.86 ft x Δ = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 44.

Choose x positive upward. Constant acceleration a g = −

Rocket launch data:
Rocket : A

0
0, , 0 x v v t = = =


Rocket : B

0
0, , 4 s
B
x v v t t = = = =

Velocities:

Rocket : A

0 A
v v gt = −


Rocket : B ( )
0 B B
v v g t t = − −

Positions:
2
0
1
Rocket :
2
A
A x v t gt = −
( ) ( )
2
0
1
Rocket : ,
2
B B B B
B x v t t g t t t t = − − − ≥

For simultaneous explosions at

240 ft when ,
A B E
x x t t = = =

( ) ( )
2
2 2 2
0 0 0 0
1 1 1 1
2 2 2 2
E E E B E B E B E E B B
v t gt v t t g t t v t v t gt gt t gt − = − − − = − − + −

0
Solving for , v
0
2
B
E
gt
v gt = − (1)
Then, when ,
E
t t =
2
1
,
2 2
B
A E E E
gt
x gt t gt
 
= − −
 
 
or
2
2
0
A
E B E
x
t t t
g
− − =
Solving for ,
E
t
( )( )
( )
( )
( )( )( )( )
2 2
4 1 2 240 2
32.2
4 1
4 4
6.35 s
2 2
A
x
B B
g
E
t t
t
± +
± +
= = =


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.



(a) From equation (1), ( )( )
( )( )
0
32.2 4
32.2 6.348
2
v = −
0
140.0 ft/s v =

W


At time ,
E
t

0 A E
v v gt = − ( )
0 B E B
v v g t t = − −
(b)
( )( ) 32.2 4
B A B
v v gt − = =

/
128.8 ft/s
B A
v =

W


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 45.

(a) Acceleration of A.
( ) ( )
0 0
, 168 km/h 46.67 m/s
A A A A
v v a t v = + = =

At 8 s, t = 228 km/h 63.33 m/s
A
v = =

( )
0
63.33 46.67
8
A A
A
v v
a
t


= =
2
2.08 m/s
A
a = W
(b) ( ) ( )
2
0 0
1
2
A A A A
x x v t a t = + +

( ) ( )
2
0 0
1
2
B B B B
x x v t a t = + +


( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
2
0 0 0 0
1
2
A B A B A B A B
x x x x v v t a a t
⎡ ⎤
− = − + − + −
⎣ ⎦
When 0, t = ( ) ( )
0 0
38 m
A B
x x − = and ( ) ( )
0 0
0
B A
v v − =
When 8 s, t = 0
A B
x x − =

Hence,

( )( )
2 1
0 38 8 , or 1.1875
2
A B A B
a a a a = + − − = −


1.1875 2.08 1.1875
B A
a a = + = +

2
3.27 m/s
B
a = W




COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 46.

(a) Acceleration of A.
( ) ( ) ( )
2
0 0 0
1
and
2
A A A A A A A
v v a t x x v t a t = + = + =


Using

( ) ( )
0 0
0 and 0 gives
A A
v x = =


2
1
and
2
A A A A
v a t x a t = =

When cars pass at
1
, 90 m
A
t t x = =

( )( )
2
1 1
2 90 2 180
and
A
A A
A A A
x
t v a t
a a a
= = = =

For 0 5 s, t ≤ ≤ ( )
0
96 km/h 26.667 m/s
B B
v v = = − = −
For 5 s, t > ( ) ( ) ( )
0
1
5 26.667 5
6
B B B A
v v a t a t = + − = − + −
When vehicles pass,
A B
v v = −


( )
1 1
1
26.667 5
6
A A
a t a t = − −


1 1
7 5 160
26.667 or 7 5
6 6
A A
A
a t a t
a
− = − =

Using
1
180 7 180 160
gives 5
A A A
t
a a a
= − =
Let
1
,
A
u
a
=
2
7 180 5 160 u u − =

or

2
160 7 180 5 0 u u − + =

continued
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Solving the quadratic equation,
( )( ) ( )( )( )
( )( )
7 180 49 180 4 160 5
93.915 74.967
2 160 320
0.0592125 and 0.52776
u
± −
±
= =
=

2
1
285.2 m/s and 3.590 m/s
A
a
u
= =

The corresponding values for
1
t are
1 1
180 180
0.794 s, and 7.08 s
285.2 3.590
t t = = = =

Reject 0.794 s since it is less than 5 s.
Thus,
2
3.59 m/s
A
a = W

(b) Time of passing.
1
7.08 s t t = = W
(c) Distance d.
( ) ( )
0 0
0 5 s, 26.667
B B B
t x x v t d t ≤ ≤ = − = −


At 5 s, t =

( )( ) 22.667 5 133.33
B
x d d = − = −


For 5 s, t >

( ) ( ) ( )
2
0
1
133.33 5 5
2
B B B
x d v t a t = − + − + −

( ) ( )
2 1 3.59
133.33 26.667 5 5
2 6
B
x d t t
 
= − − − + −
 
 


1
When 7.08 s, t t = =

90
B A
x x = =

( )( )
( )( )
( )( )
2
3.59 2.08
90 133.33 26.667 2.08
2 6
d = − − +


90 133.33 55.47 1.29 d = + + − 278 m d = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 47.


For 0, t >

( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
0 0
1 1
0 0 6.5 or 3.25
2 2
A A A A A
x x v t a t t x t = + + = + + =

For 2 s, t >

( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )( )
2 2
0 0
1 1
2 2 0 0 11.7 2
2 2
B B B B
x x v t a t t = + − + − = + + −

or

( )
2
2
5.85 2 5.85 23.4 23.4
B
x t t t = − = − +

For ,
A B
x x =

2 2
3.25 5.85 23.4 23.4, t t t = − +

or

2
2.60 23.4 23.4 0 t t − + =

Solving the quadratic equation, 1.1459 and 7.8541 s t t = =
Reject the smaller value since it is less than 5 s.
( ) a

7.85 s t = W


( )( )
2
3.25 7.8541
A B
x x = = 200 ft x = W
( ) b

( ) ( )( )
0
0 6.5 7.8541
A A A
v v a t = + = + 51.1 ft/s
A
v = W

( ) ( ) ( )( )
0
2 0 11.7 7.8541 2
B B B
v v a t = + − = + −

68.5 ft/s
B
v = W


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 48.

Let x be the position relative to point P.
Then,

( ) ( )
0 0
0 and 0.62 mi 3273.6 ft
A B
x x = = =

Also,

( ) ( )
0 0
68 mi/h 99.73 ft/s and 39 mi/h 57.2 ft/s
A B
v v = = = − = −

(a) Uniform accelerations.
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
0 0 2
2 0 0
2
1
or
2
A A A
A A A A A
x x v t
x x v t a t a
t
⎡ ⎤
− −
⎣ ⎦
= + + =


( )( )
( )
2
2
2 3273.6 0 99.73 40
0.895 ft/s
40
A
a
⎡ ⎤ − −
⎣ ⎦
= = −

2
0.895 ft/s
A
a =

W

( ) ( )
( ) ( )
0 0 2
2 0 0
2
1
or
2
B B B
B B B B B
x x v t
x x v a t a
t
⎡ ⎤
− −
⎣ ⎦
= + + =


( )( )
( )
2
2
2 0 3273.6 57.2 42
0.988 ft/s
42
B
a
⎡ ⎤ − − −
⎣ ⎦
= = −
2
0.988 ft/s
B
a =

W

(b) When vehicles pass each other .
A B
x x =

( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
2 2
0 0 0 0
1 1
2 2
A A A B B B
x v t a t x v t a t + + = + +

( ) ( )
2 2
1 1
0 99.73 0.895 3273.6 57.2 0.988
2 2
t t t t + + − = − + −


2
0.0465 156.93 3273.6 0 t t − − + =

Solving the quadratic equation, 20.7 s t = and 3390 s −
Reject the negative value. Then, 20.7 s t = W
(c) Speed of B.
( ) ( )( )
0
57.2 0.988 20.7 77.7 ft/s
B B B
v v a t = + = − + − = −

77.7 ft/s
B
v = W


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 49.

Let x be positive downward for all blocks and for point D.
1 m/s
A
v =

Constraint of cable supporting A: ( ) constant
A A B
x x x + − =

( )( ) 2 0 or 2 2 1 2 m/s
A B B A
v v v v − = = = =

Constraint of cable supporting B: 2 constant
B C
x x + =
( )( ) 2 0 or 2 2 2 4 m/s
C B C B
v v v v + = = − = − = −

(a)

4 m/s
C
= v

W

(b)

/
2 1
B A B A
v v v = − = −

/
1 m/s
B A
= v

W

(c)

constant, 0
D C D C
x x v v + = + =

4 m/s
D C
v v = − =


/
4 1
D A D A
v v v = − = −

/
3 m/s
D A
= v

W


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 50.

Let x be positive downward for all blocks.
Constraint of cable supporting A: ( ) constant
A A B
x x x + − =
2 0 or 2 and 2
A B B A B A
v v v v a a − = = =

Constraint of cable supporting B: 2 constant
B C
x x + =
2 0, or 2 , and 2 4
B C C B C B A
v v v v a a a + = = − = − = −

Since
C
v and
C
a are down,
A
v and
A
a are up, i.e. negative.
( ) ( )
2
2
0 0
2
A A A A A
v v a x x
⎡ ⎤
− = −
⎣ ⎦
( )
( )
( )
( )( )
2 2 2
2 0
0
0.2 0
( ) 0.04 m/s
2 0.5
2
A A
A
A A
v v
a a
x x
− −
= = = −
⎡ ⎤ −

⎣ ⎦

2
0.04 m/s
A
a =

W


4
C A
a a = −

2
0.16 m/s
C
a =

W

( )( )
2
( ) 2 2 0.04 0.08 m/s
B A
b a a = = − = −


( )( ) 0.08 2 0.16 m/s
B B
v a t Δ = = − = −

0.16 m/s
B
v Δ =

W


( )( )
2
2
1 1
0.08 2 0.16 m
2 2
B B
x a t Δ = = − = −

0.16 m
B
x Δ =

W


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 51.

Let x
A
, x
B
, x
C
, and x
D
be the displacements of blocks A, B, C, and D relative to the upper supports, increasing
downward.
Constraint of cable AB: constant
A B
x x + =
0
A B
v v + =
B A
v v = −
Constraint of cable BED: 2 constant
B D
x x + =

1 1
2 0 or
2 2
B D D B A
v v v v v + = = − =
Constraint of cable BCD: ( ) ( ) constant
C B C D
x x x x − + − =

1
2 0 or 2 0
2
C B D C A A
v v v v v v − − = + − =
(a) Velocity of block A.

1
2 (2)(4)
2
A C
v v = − = − 8 ft/s
A
v = − 8 ft/s
A
v = W
(b) Velocity of block D.

1
4 ft/s
2
D A
v v = = − 4 ft/s
D
v = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 52.

Let x
A
, x
B
, x
C
, x
D
, and x
E
be the displacements of blocks A, B, C, and D and cable point E relative to the upper
supports, increasing downward.
Constraint of cable AB: constant
A B
x x + =
0
A B
v v + =
B A
v v = −
0
A B
a a + =
B A
a a = −
Constraint of cable BED: 2 constant
B D
x x + =
1 1
2 0
2 2
B D D B A
v v v v v + = = − =
1 1
2 0
2 2
B D D A A
a a a a a + = = − =
Constraint of cable BCD: ( ) ( ) constant
C B C D
x x x x − + − =
2 0 2 0
C B D C A
v v v v v − − = + =
1
2 0 2 0
2
C B D C A
a a a a a − − = + =

1
4
C A
a a = −
Since block C moves downward, v
C
and a
C
are positive.
Then, v
A
and a
A
are negative, i.e. upward.
Also, v
D
and a
D
are negative.
Relative motion:
/
1
2
A D A D A
v v v v = − =
/
1
2
A D A D A
a a a a = − =
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

(a) Acceleration of block C.
/ 2
/
2
(2)(8)
2 3.2 ft/s
5
A D
A A D
v
a a
t
= = = =

2
3.2 ft/s
A
a = −

2
1
0.8 ft/s
4
C A
a a = − =
2
0.8 ft/s
C
a = W
Constraint of cable portion BE: constant
B E
x x + =
0
B E
v v + = 0
B E
a a + =
(b) Acceleration of point E.
2
3.2 ft/s
E B A
a a a = − = = −
2
3.2 ft/s
E
a = W


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 53.

Let x be position relative to the right supports, increasing to the left.
Constraint of entire cable: ( ) 2 constant
A B B A
x x x x + + − =
2 0 2
B A A B
v v v v + = = −
Constraint of point C of cable: 2 constant
A C
x x + =
2 0 2
A C C A
v v v v + = = −
(a) Velocity of collar A.
( )( ) 2 2 300 600 mm/s
A B
v v = − = − = − 600 mm/s
A
v = W
(b) Velocity of point C of cable.
( )( ) 2 2 600 1200 mm/s
C A
v v = − = − − = 1200 mm/s
C
v = W
(c) Velocity of point C relative to collar B.

/
1200 300 900 mm/s
C B C B
v v v = − = − =
/
900 mm/s
C B
v = W


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 54.

Let x be position relative to the right supports, increasing to the left.
Constraint of entire cable: ( ) 2 constant,
A B B A
x x x x + + − =
1 1
2 0, or , and
2 2
B A B A B A
v v v v a a + = = − = −
(a) Accelerations of A and B.
/ /
1 2

2 3
B A B A A A A B A
v v v v v v v = − = − − = −
( )
2
610 406.67 mm/s
3
A
v = − = −
( )
( )
2 0
A
0
406.67 0
, or 50.8 mm/s
8
A A
A A A
v v
v v a t a
t

− −
− = = = = −


2
50.8 mm/s
A
a = W
( )
1 1
50.8
2 2
B A
a a = − = − −
2
25.4 mm/s
B
a = W
(b) Velocity and change in position of B after 6 s.
( ) ( )( )
0
0 25.4 6
B B B
v v a t = + = + 152.5 mm/s
B
v = W
( ) ( ) ( )( )
2
2
0 0
1 1
25.4 6
2 2
B B B B
x x v t a t − = + = 458 mm
B
x Δ =

W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 55.

Let x be position relative to left anchor. At the right anchor, . x d =
Constraint of cable: ( ) ( ) 2 constant
B B A A
x x x d x + − + − =

2 2
2 3 0 or and
3 3
B A A B A B
v v v v a a − = = =
Constraint of point D of cable: ( ) constant
A D
d x d x − + − =
0 or and
A D D A D A
v v v v a a + = = − = −
(a) Accelerations of A and B.
( ) ( ) ( )
0 0
2
6 in./s 6 4 in./s
3
B A
v v = = =
( ) ( )
2
2
0 0
2
A A A A A
v v a x x
⎡ ⎤
− = −
⎣ ⎦


( )
( )
( ) ( )
( )( )
2 2 2 2
2 0
0
2.4 4
0.512 in./s
2 10
2
A A
A
A A
v v
a
x x
− −
= = = −
⎡ ⎤

⎣ ⎦

2
0.512 in./s
A
a = W
( )
2
3 3
0.512 0.768 in./s
2 2
B A
a a = = = −
2
0.768 in./s
B
a = W
(b) Acceleration of point D. ( ) 0.512
D A
a a = − = − −
2
0.512 in./s
D
a =

W
(c) Velocity of block B after 4 s.
( ) ( )( )
0
6 0.768 4
B B B
v v a t = + = + − 2.93 in./s
B
v = W
Change in position of block B.
( ) ( ) ( )( ) ( )( )
2
2
0 0
1 1
6 4 0.768 4
2 2
B B B B
x x v t a t − = + = + − 17.86 in.
B
x Δ =

W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 56.

Let x be position relative to left anchor. At right anchor . x d =
Constraint of entire cable: ( ) ( ) 2 constant
B B A A
x x x d x + − + − = 2 3 0
B A
v v − =
(a) Velocity of A: ( )
2 2
12
3 3
A B
v v = = 8.00 in./s
A
v =

W
Constraint of point C of cable: constant
B B C
x x x + − = 2 0
B C
v v − =
(b) Velocity of C: ( ) 2 2 12
C B
v v = = 24 in./s
C
v =

W
Constraint of point D of cable: constant
A C
d x d x − + − = 0,
A D
v v + =
(c) Velocity of D: 8.00 in./s
D A
v v = − = − 8.00 in./s
D
v =

W
(d) Relative velocity.
/
24 8
C A C A
v v v = − = −
/
16.00 in./s
C A
v =

W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 57.

Let x be position relative to the anchor, positive to the right.
Constraint of cable: ( ) ( ) 3 constant
B C B C A
x x x x x − + − + − =
4 2 3 0 4 2 3 0
C B A C B A
v v v a a a − − = − − = (1, 2)
When 0, t = ( )
0
50 mm/s and 100 mm/s
B a
v v = − =
(a) ( ) ( ) ( )( ) ( )( )
0 0
1 1
2 3 2 50 3 100
4 4
C B A
v v v
⎡ ⎤ ⎡ ⎤ = + = − +
⎣ ⎦ ⎣ ⎦
( )
0
50 mm/s
C
v =

W
Constraint of point D: ( ) ( ) ( ) constant
D A C A C B B
x x x x x x x − + − + − − =
2 2 2 0
D C A B
v v v v + − − =
(b) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )( ) ( )( ) ( )( )
0 0 0
2 2 2 2 100 + 2 50 2 50
D A B C
v v v v = + − = − − ( )
0
0
D
v =

W
( ) ( )
2
0 0
1
2
C C C C
x x v t a t − = +
(c)
( ) ( ) ( )( )
( )
0 0 2
2 2
2 2 40 50 2
30 mm/s
2
C C C
C
x x v t
a
t
⎡ ⎤
− − ⎡ ⎤ −
⎣ ⎦ ⎣ ⎦
= = = −

2
30 mm/s
C
a = W
Solving (2) for a
A

( ) ( )( ) ( )( )
2
1 1
4 2 4 30 2 0 40 mm/s
3 3
A C B
a a a ⎡ ⎤ = − = − − = −
⎣ ⎦


2
40 mm/s
A
a = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 58.

Let x be position relative to the anchor, positive to the right.
Constraint of cable: ( ) ( ) 3 constant
B C B C A
x x x x x − + − + − =
4 2 3 0 and 4 2 3 0
C B A C B A
v v v a a a − − = − − =
(a) Accelerations of B and C.
At 2 s, t = 420 mm/s and 30 mm/s
A B
v v = = −
( ) ( )( ) ( )( )
1 1
2 3 2 30 3 420 300 mm/s
4 4
C B A
v v v ⎡ ⎤ = + = − + =
⎣ ⎦

( )
0
0
C
v =
( )
0
C C C
v v a t = +
( )
0
300 0
2
C C
C
v v
a
t


= =
2
150 mm/s
C
a =

W
( ) ( )( ) ( )( )
2
1 1
4 3 4 150 3 270 105 mm/s
2 2
B C A
a a a ⎡ ⎤ = − = − = −
⎣ ⎦


2
105 mm/s
B
a =

W
(b) Initial velocities of A and B.
( )
0
A A A
v v a t = − ( ) ( )( )
0
420 270 2 120 mm/s
A A A
v v a t = − = − = −
( )
0
120 mm/s
A
v =

W
( )
0
B B B
v v a t = − ( ) ( )( )
0
30 105 2
B B B
v v a t = − = − − − ( )
0
180 mm/s
B
v =

W
Constraint of point E: ( ) ( ) 2 constant
C A E A
x x x x − + − =
3 2 0
E A C
v v v − + =
(c) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )( ) ( )( )
0 0 0
3 2 3 120 2 0 360 mm/s
E A C
v v v = − = − − = −
( )
0
360 mm/s
E
v = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 59.

Define positions as positive downward from a fixed level.
Constraint of cable. ( ) ( ) ( ) 2 constant
B A C A C B
x x x x x x − + − + − =
3 2 constant
C B A
x x x − − =
3 2 0
C B A
v v v − − =
3 2 0
C B A
a a a − − =
Motion of block C.
( ) ( )
2
0 0
0, 3.6 in./s , 18 in./s, 0
A A B B B
v a v v a = = − = = =
( ) ( ) ( )
0 0 0
1
2 6 in./s
3
C B A
v v v

= + =


( ) ( )( )
2
1 1
2 0 2 3.6 2.4 in./s
3 3
C B A
a a a = + = + − = −


( )
0
6 1.2
C C C
v v a t t = + = −
( ) ( )
2 2
0 0
1
6 0.6
2
C C C C
x x v t a t t t − = + = −
(a) Time at v
C
= 0.
0 6 2.4t = − 2.5 s t = W

(b) Corresponding position of block C.
( ) ( )( ) ( )( )
2
0
1
6 2.5 2.4 2.5
2
C C
x x
| |
− = + −
|
\ .
( )
0
7.5 in.
C C
x x − =

W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 60.

Define positions as positive downward from a fixed level.
Constraint of cable: ( ) ( ) ( ) 2 constant
B A C A C B
x x x x x x − + − + − =
3 2 constant
C B A
x x x − − =
3 2 0
C B A
v v v − − =
3 2 0
C B A
a a a − − =
Motion of block C.
( )
0
0,
A
v =
2
2.5 in./s ,
A
a t = − ( )
0
0,
B
v =
2
15 in./s
B
a =
( ) ( ) ( )
0 0 0
1
2 0
3
C B A
v v v
⎡ ⎤
= + =
⎣ ⎦

( )
2
1 1
2 (15 5 ) in./s
3 3
C B A
a a a t = + = −
( )
0 0
t
C C C
v v a dt = +



( )
2
1
0 15 2.5 in./s
3
t t = + −
( )
( )
2 3
0
1
7.5 0.83333 in.
3
C C
x x t t − = −
( ) Time at 0
C
a v =

( )
2
1
0 15 2.5 0
3
t t + − = 0 and 6 s t t = = 6 s t = W
(b) Corresponding position of block C.
( ) ( )( ) ( )( )
2 3
0
1
0 7.5 6 0.83333 6
3
C C
x x
⎡ ⎤
− = + −
⎢ ⎥
⎣ ⎦

( )
0
30 in.
C C
x x − = W



COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 61.

Let x be position relative to the support taken positive if downward.
Constraint of cable connecting blocks A, B, and C:
2 2 constant, 2 2 0
A B C A B C
x x x v v v + + = + + =
2 2 0
A B C
a a a + + = (1)
Constraint of cable supporting block D:
( ) ( ) constant, 2 0
D A D B D A B
x x x x v v v − + − = − − =
2 0
D B A
a a a − − = (2)
Given:
/
120 or 120
C B C B C B
a a a a a = − = − = − (3)
Given:
/
220 or 220
D A D A D A
a a a a a = − = = + (4)
Substituting (3) and (4) into (1) and (2),
( ) 2 2 120 0 or 2 3 120
A B B A B
a a a a a + + − = + = (5)
( ) 2 220 0 or 440
A A B A B
a a a a a + − − = − = − (6)
Solving (5) and (6) simultaneously,
2 2
240 mm/s and 200 mm/s
A B
a a = − =
From (3) and (4),
2 2
80 mm/s and 20 mm/s
C D
a a = = −
(a) Velocity of C after 6 s.
( ) ( )( )
0
0 80 6
C C C
v v a t = + = + 480 mm/s
C
v = W
(b) Change in position of D after 10 s.
( ) ( ) ( )( )
2
2
0 0
1 1
0 20 10 1000 mm
2 2
D D D D
x x v t a t − = + = + − = −
1.000 m
D
x Δ = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 62.

Let x be position relative to the support taken positive if downward.
Constraint of cable connecting blocks A, B, and C:
2 2 constant,
A B C
x x x + + = 2 2 0,
A B C
v v v + + = 2 2 0
A B C
a a a + + =
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
0 0 0 0 0 0
0, ,
A B C A B C
v v v x x x = = = = =
( ) ( )
/ /
0 0
0, 0
B A B A
x v = =
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2
/ / / / /
0 0
2
B A B A P A B A B A
v v a x x
⎡ ⎤
− = −
⎣ ⎦
( )
2
/ /
0 2 0
B A B A B A
v a x x − = − −

( ) ( )
2
2
/ 2
/
40
10 mm/s
2 2 160 80
B A
B A
B A
v
a
x x
= = =
− −


( ) ( )
2 2
/ / / / /
0 0
1 1
0 0
2 2
B A B A B A B A B A
x x v t a t a t = + + = + +
( ) ( )
/ 2
/ /
2 2 2 160 80
, or 4 s
10
B A B A
B A B A
x x x
t t
a a
− −
= = = =
( ) ( )
2
0 0
1
2
A A A A
x x v t a t − = +
(a)
( ) ( )
( )
( )
0 0
2 2
2
2 80 0
4
A A A
A
x x v t
a
t
⎡ ⎤
− −

⎣ ⎦
= =
2
10 mm/s
A
a = W

/
10 10
B A B A
a a a = + = +
2
20 mm/s
B
a = W
( ) ( )( ) ( )( ) 2 2 2 20 2 10 60 mm/s
C B A
a a a ⎡ ⎤ = − + = − + = −
⎣ ⎦

( )
( )
0
0
300 0
5 s
60
C C
C C C
C
v v
v v a t t
a

− −
= + = = =


Constraint of cable supporting block D:
( ) ( ) constant, 2 0
D A D B D A B
x x x x v v v − + − = − − =
( ) ( )
1 1
2 0, 10 20 15 mm/s
2 2
D A B D A B
a a a a a a − − = = + = + =
(b) ( ) ( ) ( )( )
2
2
0 0
1 1
0 15 5
2 2
D D D D
x x v t a t − = + = + 187.5 mm
D
x Δ = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 63.
























curve a t −
1 2
12 m/s, 8 m/s A A = − =

(a) curve v t −

6
4 m/s v = −
( )
0 6 1
4 12 v v A = − = − − − 8 m/s =

10
4 m/s v = −
(b)
14 10 2
4 8 v v A = + = − +
14
4 m/s v = W
3 4
16 m, 4 m A A = = −

5 6
16 m, 4 m A A = − = −

7
4 m A =
(a) curve x t −

0
0 x =
4 0 3
16 m x x A = + =
6 4 4
12 m x x A = + =

10 6 5
4 m x x A = + = −

12 10 6
8 m x x A = + = −
(b)
14 12 7
x x A = +
14
4 m x = − W
Distance traveled:
0 4 s, t ≤ ≤
1
16 0 16 m d = − =
4 s 12 s, t ≤ ≤
2
8 16 24 m d = − − =
12 s 14 s, t ≤ ≤ ( )
3
4 8 4 m d = − − − =
Total distance traveled: 16 24 4 d = + + 44 m d = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 64.

















(a) Construction of the curves.
curve a t −
1 2
12 m/s, 8 m/s A A = − =
curve v t −

0
8 m/s v =
( )
6 0 1
8 12 4 m/s v v A = + = + − = −

10 6
4 m/s v v = = −

14 10 2
4 8 4 m/s v v A = + = − + =

3 4
16 m, 4 m A A = = −

5 6
16 m, 4 m A A = − = −

7
4 m A =
curve x t −

0
0 x =

4 0 3
16 m x x A = + =

6 4 4
12 m x x A = + =

10 6 5
4 m x x A = + = −

12 10 6
8 m x x A = + = −

14 12 7
4 m x x A = + = −
(b) Time for 8 m. x >
From the x t − diagram, this is time interval
1 2
to . t t
Over 0 6 s, t < < 8 2
dx
v t
dt
= = −
continued
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.



Integrating, using limits 0 x = when 0 t = and 8 m x = when
1
t t =
8
2 2
1 1
0
0
8 or 8 8
t
x t t t t
 
= − = −
 

or
2
1 1
8 8 0 t t − + =
Solving the quadratic equation,
( ) ( )( )( )
( )( )
2
1
8 8 4 1 8
4 2.828 1.172 s and 6.828 s
2 1
t
± −
= = ± =
The larger root is out of range, thus
1
1.172 s t =
Over 6 10, t < < ( ) 12 4 6 36 4 x t t = − − = −
Setting 8, x =
2 2
8 36 4 or 7 s t t = − =
Required time interval: ( )
2 1
5.83 s t t − = W
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 65.

















The a–t curve is just the slope of the v–t curve.
0 10 s, t < < 0 a = W
10 s < 18 s, t <
2
18 6
1.5 ft/s
18 10
a

= =

W
18 s < 30 s, t <

2
18 18
3 ft/s
30 18
a
− −
= = −

W

30 s < 40 s t < 0 a = W
Points on the x–t curve may be calculated using areas of the v–t
curve.

1
(10)(6) 60 ft A = =

2
1
(6 18)(18 10) 96 ft
2
A = + − =

3
1
(18)(24 18) 54 ft
2
A = − =

4
1
( 18)(30 24) 54 ft
2
A = − − = −

5
( 18)(40 30) 180 ft A = − − = −
0
48 ft x = − W
0 1 0 1
12 ft x x A = + = W
8 1 10 2
108 ft x x A = + = W
24 18 3
162 ft x x A = + = W
30 24 4
108 ft x x A = + = W
40 30 5
72 ft x x A = + = − W
continued
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.



(a) Maximum value of x.
Maximum value of x occurs
When 0, v = i.e. 24 s. t =

max
162 ft x = W
(b) Time s when 108 ft. x =
From the x–t curve,
18 s and 30 s t t = = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 66.












Data from problem 11.65:
0
48 ft x = −
The a–t curve is just the slope of the v–t curve.
0 10 s, t < < 0 a = !
10 s < 18 s, t <
2
18 6
1.5 ft/s
18 10
a

= =

!
18 s < 30 s, t <

2
18 18
3 ft/s
30 18
a
− −
= = −

!

30 s < 40 s, t < 0 a = !
Points on the x–t curve may be calculated using areas of the v–t
curve.
!

1
(10)(6) 60 ft A = =
2
1
(6 18)(18 10) 96 ft
2
A = + − =
3
1
(18)(24 18) 54 ft
2
A = − =
4
1
( 18)(30 24) 54 ft
2
A = − − = −
5
( 18)(40 30) 180 ft A = − − = −
0
48 ft x = − !
0 0 1 1
12 ft x x A = + = !
10 18 2
108 ft x x A = + = !
24
x =
18 3
x A + = 162 ft !
30
x =
24 4
x A + = 108 ft !
40 30 5
72 ft x x A = + = − !
continued
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.



(a) Total distance traveled during 0 30 s t ≤ ≤ .
For 0 24 s t ≤ ≤
1 24 0
210 ft d x x = − =
For 24 s 30 s t ≤ ≤
2 30 24
54 ft d x x = − =
Total distance.
1 2
d d d = + 264 ft d = !
(b) Values of t for which 0. x =
In the range 0 10 s t ≤ ≤

0 0
48 6 x x v t t = + = − +
Set 0. x =
1
48 6 0 t − + =
1
8 s t = !
In the range 30 s 40 s, t < <
30 30
( 30) x x v t = + −
108 ( 18)( 30) t = + − −
648 18t = −
Set 0. x =
2
648 18 0 t − =
2
36 s t = !


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 67.

Sketch v t − curve as shown. Label areas
1 2
, , A A and
3
A

( )( )
1
3 20 60 in. A = =

1 1
2 in./s v at t Δ = =
( )
2
2 1 1
1
in.
2
A v t t = Δ =
( )( ) ( )
3 1 1 1
20 2 20 in. A v t t t = Δ − = −
Distance traveled: 12 ft 144 in. x Δ = =
( )
2
1 1 1
total area, 144 60 2 20 x t t t Δ = = + + −
or
2
1 1
40 84 0 t t − + =
( )( )( )
( )( )
2
1
40 40 4 1 84
2.224 s and 37.8 s
2 1
t
± −
= =
Reject the larger root.
1
2.224 s t =

1
2 4.45 in./s v t Δ = =

max
3 3 4.45 v v = + Δ = +
max
7.45 in./s v = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 68.










Let x be the altitude. Then v is negative for decent and a is positive
for deceleration.
Sketch the v t − and x t − curves using times
1 2
, t t and
3
t as
shown.
Use constant slopes in the v t − curve for the constant
acceleration stages.
Areas of v t − curve:
( )
1 1 1
1
180 44 112 ft
2
A t t = − + = −


2 2
44 A t = −

( )
3 3 3
1
44 22
2
A t t = − = −

Changes in position:
1
1800 1900 100 ft x Δ = − = −

2
100 1800 1700 ft x Δ = − = −

3
0 100 100 ft x Δ = − = −
Using
i i
x A Δ = gives
1
100
0.893 s
112
t

= =



2
1700
38.64 s
44
t

= =



3
100
4.55 s
22
t

= =


(a) Total time:
1 2 3
44.1 s t t t + + = W
(b) Initial acceleration.
( ) ( ) 44 180
0.893
v
a
t
− − − Δ
= =
Δ


2
152.3 ft/s a = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 69.

Sketch the v t − curve

Data:
0
64 km/h 17.778 m/s v = =
3
2
4.8 km 4.8 10 m x = = ×
1
32 km/hr 8.889 m/s v = =

3 3
1
4.8 10 800 4.0 10 m x = × − = ×

2
450 s t =
(a) Time
1
t to travel first 4 km.
( ) ( )
3
1 1 0 1 1 1
1 1
4.0 10 17.778 8.889
2 2
x A v v t t = × = = + = +
1
300 s t = W
(b) Velocity
2
. v
( )( ) ( )( )
2 1 2 1 2 2 1 1 2
1 1
800 450 300
2 2
x x A v v t t v v − = = = + − = + −

2 1
10.667 m v v + =

2
10.667 8.889 v = −
2
1.778 m/s v = W
(c) Final deceleration.

2 2 1
12
2 1
1.778 8.889
0.0474 m/s
450 300
v v
a
t t
− −
= = = −
− −

2
12
0.0474 m/s a = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 70.


10 20
10 min 20 s 0.1722 h
60 3600
= + =
Sketch the v t − curve

60
25
35
a
b
c
t
a
t
a
t
a
=
=
=


( )( ) ( )
1 1 1
1 1 1 1
60 60 25 60 1800 312.5
2 2
a b
A t t t t
a a
= − − = − −
But
1
5 mi A =

1
1
60 2112.5 5 t
a
− = (1)
( )
2 1 1
1
35 0.1722 35 6.0278 35 612.5
c
A t t t
a
= − − = − −
But
2
8 5 3 mi A = − =

1
1
35 612.5 3.0278 t
a
+ = (2)
1
1
Solving equations (1) and (2) for and , t
a

3
1
85.45 10 h 5.13 min t

= × =
6 2
1
60.23 10 h /mi
a

= ×

( )
( )
( )
3
3 2
2
16.616 10 5280
16.616 10 mi/h
3600
a
×
= × =
2
6.77 ft/s a = W


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 11, Solution 71.

Sketch the curve as shown a t −

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,

0 1
20 ft/s, 6 ft/s v v = = −
( )
1 1
2 1
6
1
40 6 17
2
A t
1
A t t
= −
= − − = −


1 0 1
v v A A
2
= + +

1 1
6 20 6 17 t t = − −
(a)
1
0.6087 s t =
1
0.609 s t = W

2
1.4 s t =

2 1
0.7913 s t t − =
( )( )
1 3
6 1.4 8.4 ft/s A A + = − = −
( )( )
2
17 0.6087 10.348 ft/s A = − = −

2 0 1 3 2
20 8.4 10.348 v v A A A = + + + = − −
2
1.252 ft/s v = W
(b) ( )
2 0 0 2 1 3 13 2 2
by moment-area method x x v t A A x A x = + + + +
( )
0 2 1 3 2 2 2 1
1 1
0
2 3
v t A A t A t t
⎛ ⎞ ⎛
= + + + + −
⎜ ⎟ ⎜
⎝ ⎠ ⎝




( )( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
1 0.6087
0 20 1.4 8.4 1.4 10.348 1.4
2 3
⎛ ⎞ ⎛ ⎞
= + − − −
⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠
2
9.73 ft x = W
)


Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 72.

Note that
1 5280
mile 660 ft
8 8
= =
Sketch v t − curve for first 660 ft.
Runner A:
1 2
4 s, 25 4 21 s t t = = − =
( )( ) ( )
1
max max
1
4 2
2
A A
A v v = =
( )
2
max
21
A
A v =

1 2
5280 ft
= 660 ft
8
A A x + = ∆ =
( ) ( )
max max
23 660 or 28.696 ft/s
A A
v v = =
Runner B:
1 2
5 s, 25.2 5 20.2 s t t = = − =
( )( ) ( )
1
max max
1
5 2.5
2
B B
A v v = =
( )
2
max
20.2
B
A v =
1 2
660 ft A A x + = ∆ =
( ) ( )
max max
22.7 660 or 29.075 ft/s
B B
v v = =
Sketch v t − curve for second 660 ft.
3 3
0.3 v a t t ∆ = =
2
3 max 3 3 3 max 3
1
660 or 0.15 660 0
2
A v t vt t v t = − ∆ = − + =
( ) ( )( )( )
( )( )
( )
2
2 max max
3 max max
4 0.15 660
3.3333 396
2 0.15
v v
t v v
± −
 
= = ± −
 
 

Runner A: ( )
max
28.696,
A
v = ( )
3
164.57 s and 26.736 s
A
t =
Reject the larger root. Then total time (a) 25 26.736 51.736 s
A
t = + =
51.7 s
A
t = W

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Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
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Runner B: ( )
max
29.075,
B
v = ( )
3
167.58 s and 26.257 s
B
t =
Reject the larger root. Then total time 25.2 26.257 51.457 s
B
t = + =
51.5 s
B
t = W
Velocity of A at 51.457 s: t =
( )( )
1
28.696 0.3 51.457 25 20.759 ft/s v = − − =
Velocity of A at 51.736 s: t =
( )( )
2
28.696 0.3 51.736 25 20.675 ft/s v = − − =
Over 51.457 s 51.736 s, runner covers a distance t A x ≤ ≤ ∆
(b) ( ) ( )( )
ave
1
20.759 20.675 51.736 51.457
2
x v t ∆ = ∆ = + − 5.78 ft x ∆ = W
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
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© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 73.

Sketch the v t − curves.

At 12 min 720 s, t = =
( )( )
truck
bus
bus
19.44 720 14000 m
14000 1200 15200 m
area under curve
x
x
x v t
= =
= + =
= −

( )( ) ( )( )
1 1
1
120 27.78 720 27.78 15200
2
t t − + − =
1
225.8 s t =
(a) When
bus truck
, x x = areas under the v t − curves are equal.
( )( ) ( )
1 2 1 2
1
27.78 120 27.78 19.44
2
t t t t − + − =
With
1
225.8 s, t =
2
576 s t = W
( )( )
truck
19.44 576 11200 m x = =
truck
11.20 km x = W
(b)
0
bus
1
27.78 0
120 225.8 120
v v
a
t
− −
= =
− −

2
bus
0.262 m/s a = W






COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 74.















( )
0
32 km/h 8.889 m/s
24 km/h 6.667 m/s
A
B
v
v
= =
= =

Sketch the v t − curves.
( )( )
( )( ) ( )
( )
( )
1
2 /
/
1 2
0
1
0
6.667 45 300 m
1 1
2.222 45 45
2 2
50 22.5
A B
A B
A A
B B
A
A v
v
x x A A
x x A
= =
= +
= +
= + +
= +


( ) / / 2
0
B A B A
x x A = −

( ) b

/
0 60 50 22.5
A B
v = − −

/
0.444 m/s
A B
v = W


/
6.667 0.444 7.111 m/s
A B A B
v v v = + = + =
(a)
( )
0
7.111 8.889
45
A A
A
v v
a
t


= =
2
0.0395 m/s
A
a = − W





COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 75.









( )
( )
0
0
22 mi/h 32.267 ft/s
13 mi/h 19.067 ft/s
A
B
v
v
= =
= =

Sketch the v t − curves.
Slope of v t − curve for car A.
( )( )
2
1
1
2
13.2
0.14 ft/s
13.2
94.29 s
0.14
1
13.2 94.29 622.3 m
2
a
t
t
A
= − = −
= =
= =


( )
( )
1
0
1 2
0
B B
A A
x x A
x x A A
= +
= + +

( ) ( )
/ 2 2
0 0
, or 0
B A B A B A
x x x x x A d A = − = − − = −

2
d A = 622 m d = W



COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 76.








Construct the a t − curves for the elevator and the ball.
Limit on
1
A is 24 ft/s. Using
1
4 A t =

2 2
4 24 6 s t t = =
Motion of elevator.
For
1
0 6 s, t ≤ ≤ ( ) ( )
0 0
0 0
E E
x v = =
Moment of
1
A about
1
: t t =
2 1
1 1
4 2
2
t
t t =
( ) ( )
2 2
1 1 1
0 0
2 2
E E E
x x v t t t = + + =
Motion of ball. At 2, t = ( ) ( )
0 0
40 ft 64 ft/s
B B
x v = =
For
1
2 s, t > ( )
2 1
32.2 2 ft/s A t = − −
Moment of
2
A about
2
: t t = ( ) ( )
2
1
1 1
2
32.2 2 16.1 2
2
t
t t
− ⎛ ⎞
− − = − −
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠

( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( )
2
1 1
0 0
2
1 1
2 16.1 2
40 64 2 16.1 2
B B B
x x v t t
t t
= + − − −
= + − − −

When ball hits elevator,
B E
x x =
( ) ( )
2
2
1 1 1
2
1 1
40 64 2 16.1 2 2 or
18.1 128.4 152.4 0
t t t
t t
+ − − − =
− + =

Solving the quadratic equation,
1
1.507 s and 5.59 s t =
The smaller root is out of range, hence
1
5.59 s t = W
Since this is less than 6 s, the solution is within range.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 77.

Let x be the position of the front end of the car relative to the front end of the truck.
Let
dx
v
dt
= and
dv
a
dt
= .
The motion of the car relative to the truck occurs in 3 phases, lasting t
1
, t
2
, and t
3
seconds, respectively.
Phase 1, acceleration.
2
1
2 m/s a =
Phase 2, constant speed.
2
90 km/h 54 km/h v = −
36 km/h = 10 m/s =
Phase 3, deceleration.
2
3
8 m/s a = −
Time of phase 1.
2
1
1
0 10 0
5 s
2
v
t
a
− −
= = =
Time of phase 3.
2
3
2
0 0 10
1.25 s
8
v
t
a
− −
= = =
Sketch the a t − curve.
Areas:
1 1 2
10 m/s A t v = =

3 3
10 m/s A t v = = −
Initial and final positions.

0
30 16 46 m x = − − = −
30 5 35 m
f
x = + =
Initial velocity.
0
0 v =

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
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Final time.
1 2 3 f
t t t t = + +

0 0 f f i i
x x v t At = + +



1 1
1
2
f
t t t = −

2
5 1.25 2.5 t = + + −

2
3.75 t = +

2 3
1
0.625 s
2
t t = =
( )( ) ( )( )
2
35 46 0 10 3.75 10 0.625 t = − + + + + −

2
49.75
4.975 s
10
t = =

1 2 3
11.225 s
f
t t t t = + + =
Total time. 11.23 s
f
t = W

1 2
9.975 s t t + =



COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 78.

Let x be the position of the front end of the car relative to the front end of the truck.
Let
dx
v
dt
= and
dv
a
dt
= .
The motion of the car relative to the truck occurs in two phases, lasting t
1
and t
2
seconds,
respectively.
Phase 1, acceleration.
2
1
2 m/s a =
Phase 2, deceleration.
2
2
8 m/s a = −
Sketch the a–t curve.
Areas:
1 1
2 A t =

2 2
8 A t = −
Initial and final positions

0
30 16 46 m x = − − = −
30 5 35 m
f
x = + =
Initial and final velocities.

0
0
f
v v = =

0 1 2 f
v v A A = + +

1 2
0 0 2 8 t t = + −

1 2
4 t t =

0 0 f f i i
x x v t At = + +



1 2 1 2
1
3
2
t t t t = + =

2 2
1
2
t t =

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Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
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© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.



( )( ) ( )
2 2 2 2
1
35 46 0 2 4 3 8
2
t t t t
 
= − + + + −
 
 


2
2
81 20 t =

2
2.0125 s t =

1
8.05 s t =

1 2
10.0625 s.
f
t t t = + =
Maximum relative velocity.
( )( )
1 1
2 8.05 16.10 m/s
m
v a t = = =
60.0 km/h
m
v =
Maximum velocity relative to ground.

max
54 60.0
T
v v v = + = +

max
112.0 km/h v = !

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 79.
















Sketch acceleration curve.
Let

jerk
da
j
dt
= =

Then,

( )
max
a j t = Δ


( ) ( )
( )
1 max max
2
1
2
2
A a t a t
j t
= Δ = Δ
= Δ

0 1 2
1 2
2 1
0 0
f
v v A A
A A
A A
= + −
= + −
=

( ) ( )( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( )( )
0 1 2
3 3 3
3 3
4 3
0 3 2
0.36
0.4932
2 2 1.5
x v t A t A t
j t j t j t
x
t
j
Δ = Δ + Δ − Δ
= + Δ − Δ = Δ
Δ
Δ = = =

(a) Shortest time: ( )( ) 4 4 0.4932 1.973 s t Δ = = W
(b) Maximum velocity: ( )
2
max 0 1
0 v v A j t = + = + Δ
( )( )
2
1.5 0.4932 0.365 m/s = = W
Average velocity:
ave
0.36
0.1825 m/s
4 1.973
x
v
t
Δ
= = =
Δ
W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 80.


Sketch the a t − curve.

From the jerk limit, ( )
1 max
j t a Δ = or ( )
max
1
1.25
5 s.
0.25
a
t
j
Δ = = =
( )( )
1
1
5 1.25 3.125 m/s
2
A = =
( )( )
max 1 2
2 max 1
2
2
max
32 km/hr 8.889 m/s 2
2 8.889 2 3.125 2.639 m/s
2.639
2.111 s
1.25
v A A
A v A
A
t
a
= = = +
= − = − =
Δ = = =

Total distance is 5 km 5000 m. = Use moment-area formula.

( ) ( )
( )
0 0 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2
max 1 2
1 1
2 2
2 2
0 0 2
f f f
f
x x v t A A t t t A A t t
v t t t
⎛ ⎞ ⎛ ⎞
= + + + − Δ − Δ − + Δ + Δ
⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠
= + + − Δ − Δ

(a) ( )( )
1 2
max
5000
2 2 5 2.111 10 2.111 562.5 575 s
8.889
f
f
x
t t t
v
= Δ + Δ + = + + = + + =
9.58 min
f
t = W
(b)
ave
5000
8.70 m/s
575
f
f
x
v
t
= = =
ave
31.3 km/h v = W


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 81.


Indicate areas
1 2
and A A on the a t − curve.

( )
1
1
0.6 0.1 m/s
2 3
T
A T = =


( )
2
1 2
0.6 0.2 m/s
2 3
T
A T = =

By moment-area formula,

( )
( )( )
0 1 2
2 2 2 2
2 2
7 4
9 9
7 8 15 1
40 0
90 90 90 6
40 6 240 s
x v t A T A T
T T T T
T
⎛ ⎞ ⎛ ⎞
= + +
⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠
= + + = =
= =

(a)
15.49 s T = W

max 0 1 2
0 0.1 0.2 0.3 v v A A T T T = + + = + + =

(b)
max
4.65 m/s v = W

Indicate area
3 4
and A A on the a t − curve.
( )
( )
1 3
4
1
0.1 0.6 0.05
2 6
1
0.45 0.0375
2 6
T
A T A T
T
A T
= = =
= =

(c)
0 1 3 4
0.1875 v v A A A T = + + + = 2.90 m/s v = W
By moment-area formula,
( ) ( ) ( )
0 1 3 4
2
2 2 1
2 2 9 3 6 3 6
5
0 0.1 0.05 0.0375 0.035417
18 9 18
T T T T T
x v A A A
T T T
T T T T
⎛ ⎞ ⎛ ⎞ ⎛ ⎞
= + − + ⋅ + ⋅
⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠
⎛ ⎞ ⎛ ⎞
= + + + =
⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

( )( )
2
0.035417 15.49 = 8.50 m x = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 82.





Divide the area of the a t − curve into the four areas
1 2 3 4
, , and . A A A A
( )( )
( )( )
( )( )
( )( )
1
2
3
4
2
3 0.2 0.4 m/s
3
5 0.2 1 m/s
1
5 2.5 0.1 0.375 m/s
2
1
2.5 0.1 0.125 m/s
2
A
A
A
A
= =
= =
= + =
= =

(a)
0
Velocities: 0 v =


0.2 0 1 2
v v A A = + +

0.2
1.400 m/s v = W


0.3 0.2 3
v v A = +

0.3
1.775 m/s v = W


0.4 0.3 4
v v A = +

0.4
1.900 m/s v = W

Sketch the v t − curve and divide its area into
5 6 7
, , and A A A as
shown.
0.3 0.4 0.4
0.3 or 0.3
x t t
dx x vdt x vdt = − = = −
∫ ∫ ∫

At 0.3 s, t = ( )( )
0.3 5
0.3 1.775 0.1 x A = − −
(b) With ( )( )
5
2
0.125 0.1 0.00833 m
3
A = =
0.3
0.1142 m x = W
At 0.2 s, t = ( )
0.2 5 6 7
0.3 x A A A = − + −
With ( )( )
5 6
2
0.5 0.2 0.06667 m
3
A A + = =
and

( )( )
7
1.400 0.2 0.28 m A = =

0.2
0.3 0.06667 0.28 x = − −
0.2
0.0467m x = − W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 83.


Approximate the a t − curve by a series of rectangles of height ,
i
a each with its centroid at .
i
t t = When equal
widths of 0.25 s t Δ = are used, the values of and
i i
t a are those shown in the first two columns of the table
below.

















At 2 s, t = ( )
2
0 0
0
i
v v adt v a t = + ≈ + Σ Δ


( )( )
0 i
v a t ≈ + Σ Δ
(a) ( )( )
0
0 7.650 0.25 v ≈ −
0
1.913 ft/s v = W
Using moment-area formula,

( ) ( )( )
( ) ( )( )
2
0 0 0 0
0
0 0
2
2
i i i i
i i
x x v t a t t dt x v t a t t
x v t a t t
= + + − ≈ + + Σ − Δ
≈ + + Σ − Δ


(b) ( )( ) ( )( ) 0 1.913 2 11.955 0.25 ≈ + − 0.836 ft x = W
i
t
i
a 2
i
t − ( ) 2
i i
a t −
( ) s

( )
2
ft/s

( ) s

( ) ft/s

0.125 3.215 − 1.875 6.028 −
0.375 1.915 − 1.625 3.112 −
0.625 1.125 − 1.375 1.547 −
0.875 0.675 − 1.125 0.759 −
1.125 0.390 − 0.875 0.341 −
1.375 0.205 − 0.625 0.128 −
1.625 0.095 − 0.375 0.036 −
1.875 0.030 − 0.125 0.004 −
Σ

( )
2
7.650 ft/s −

( ) 11.955 ft/s −

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 84.


Approximate the a t − curve by a series of rectangles of height ,
i
a each with its centroid at .
i
t t = When equal
widths of 2 s t Δ = are used, the values of and
i i
t a are those shown in the first two columns of table below.





















(a) At 8 s, t = ( )
8
8 0
0
0
i
v v adt a t = + ≈ + Σ Δ


( )( )
i
a t = Σ Δ
Since 8 s, t = only the first four values in the second column are summed:
2
17.58 13.41 10.14 7.74 48.87 ft/s
i
a Σ = + + + =
( )( )
8
48.87 2 v =
8
97.7 ft/s v = W
(b) At 20 s, t = ( ) ( )( )
20
20
0
20 0 20
o i
x v t a t dt a t t = + − = + Σ − Δ


( )( ) 990.1 2 =
20
1980 ft x = W
i
t
i
a 20
i
t − ( ) 20
i i
a t −
( ) s

( )
2
ft/s

( ) s

( ) ft/s

1
17.58 19 334.0
3 13.41 17 228.0
5 10.14 15 152.1
7 7.74 13 100.6
9 6.18
11
68.0
11
5.13 9 46.2
13 4.26 7 29.8
15 3.69 5 18.5
17 3.30 3 9.9
19 3.00
1
3.0
Σ ( ) 990.1 ft/s

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 85.


The given curve is approximated by a series of uniformly accelerated motions.

For uniformly accelerated motion,
( )
2 2
2 2 2 1
2 1 2 1
2 or
2
v v
v v a x x x
a

− = − Δ =
( )
2 1 2 1
v v a t t − = − or
2 1
v v
t
a

Δ =
For the regions shown above,











(a) ( ) 3.19 s t t = Σ Δ = W
(b) Assuming
0
0, x = ( )
0
62.6 m x x x = + Σ Δ = W
Region

( )
1
m/s v

( )
2
m/s v

( )
2
m/s a

( ) m x Δ

( ) s t Δ

1
32 30 3 − 20.67 0.667
2
30 25 8 − 17.19 0.625
3 25 20 11.5 − 9.78 0.435
4
20 10 13 − 11.54 0.769
5 10 0 14.5 − 3.45 0.690
Σ


62.63 3.186

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 86.


Use
dv
a v
dx
= noting that
dv
dx
= slope of the given curve.
Slope is calculated by drawing a tangent line at the required point, and using two points on this line to
determine and . x v Δ Δ Then, .
dv v
dx x
Δ
=
Δ

(a) When 0.25, x =
1.4 m/s v = from the curve
1m/s and 0.25m from the tangent line v x Δ = Δ =
( )( )
1
1
4 s 1.4 4
2.5
dv
a
dx

= = =
2
5.6 m/s a = W
(b) When 2.0 m/s, v = 0.5m x = from the curve.
1 m/s and 0.6m from the tangent line. v x Δ = Δ =
( )( )
1
1
1.667s , 2 1.667
0.6
dv
a
dx

= = =
2
3.33 m/s a = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 87.



The a t − curve for uniformly accelerated motion is shown. The area of the rectangle is
. A at =
Its centroid lies at

1
.
2
t t =

By moment-area formula,
( ) ( )
0 0 0 0
1
2
x x v A t t x v t at t
⎛ ⎞
= + + − = + +
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠


2
0 0
1
2
x v t at = + +

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
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Chapter 11, Solution 88.



From the curve, a t −

( )( )
1
2 6 12 m/s A = − = −

( )( )
2
2 2 4 m/s A = =

Over 6 s 10 s, t < <

4 m/s v = −

0 1 0 0
, or 4 12, or 8 m/s v v A v v = + − = − =

By moment-area formula,
12 0 0
moment of shaded area about 12s x x v t t = + + =
( )( ) ( )( ) ( )( )
12
0 8 12 12 12 3 4 12 11 x = + + − − + −
12
8 m x = − W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 89.






(a) 0.2s. T =
( )( )
1
2
24 0.2 3.2 ft/s
3
A = − = −


( )( )
2 1
1
24 0.2
24 4.8
A t
t
= − −
= − +


0
1
0 90 3.2 24 4.8
f
v v A
t
= + Σ
= − − +


1
3.8167 s t =


2
86.80 ft/s A = −


1
3.6167 s t T − =

By moment-area formula,

1 0 0 1
moment of area x x v t = + +

( )( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
1
3 3.6167
0 90 3.8167 3.2 0.2 3.6167 86.80
8 2
x
⎡⎛ ⎞ ⎛ ⎞
= + + − + + −
⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎢
⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠



1
174.7 ft x = W
(b) 0.8 s. T =
( )( )
( )( )
1
2 1 1
0 1 1
2
24 0.8 12.8 ft/s,
3
24 0.8 24 19.2
or 0 90 12.8 24 19.2, 4.0167 s
f
A
A t t
v v A t t
= − = −
= − − = − +
= + Σ = − − + =

1 2
3.2167s 77.2 ft/s t T A − = = −
By moment-area formula,
( )( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
1
3 3.2167
0 90 4.0167 12.8 0.8 3.2167 77.2
8 2
x
⎡ ⎤ ⎛ ⎞
= + + − + + −
⎜ ⎟
⎢ ⎥
⎣ ⎦ ⎝ ⎠


1
192.3 ft x = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 90.






Data from Prob. 65

0 0
48 ft, 6 ft/s x v = − =
The a – t curve is just the slope of the v – t curve.
0 10 s, t < < 0 a = !
10 s < < 18 s, t
18 6
1.5 ft/s
18 10
a

= =

!
18 s 30 s, t < <
18 18
3 ft/s
30 18
a
− −
= = −

!
30 s < < 40 s t 0 a = !

0 0 i i
x x v t At = + +


(a) Position when t = 20 s.
( )( )
1
18 10 1.5 12 ft/s A = − =

1
20 14 6s t = − =
( )( )
2
2 3 6 ft/s A = − = −

2
20 19 1 s t = − =
( )( ) ( )( ) ( )( )
20
48 6 20 12 6 6 1 x = − + + + −

20
138 ft x = !
(b) Maximum value of position coordinate.
x is maximum where 0. v =
From velocity diagram, 24 s
m
t =
( )( )
1
18 10 1.5 12 ft/s A = − =
( )
1
24 14 10 s t = − =
( )( )
2
24 18 3 18 ft/s A = − − = −
( )
2
24 21 3 s t = − =
( )( ) ( )( ) ( )( ) 48 6 24 12 10 18 3
m
x = − + + + −
162 ft
m
x = !



COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 91.

( )
2
1 = + x t ( )
2
4 1

= + y t
( ) 2 1 = = + &
x
v x t ( )
3
8 1

= = − + &
y
v y t
2 = = &
x x
a v ( )
4
24 1

= = + &
y y
a v t
Solve for (t + 1)
2
from expression for x. (t + 1)
2
= x
Substitute into expression for y.
4
y
x
=
Then, 4 xy =
This is the equation of a rectangular hyperbola.
(a) t = 0. 2 m/s, 8 m/s
x y
v v = = −
( ) ( )
2 2
2 8 8.25 m/s v = + − =

1
8
tan 76.0
2
θ

  −
= = − °
 
 

8.25 m/s = v 76.0 ° W
( ) ( )
2 2
2 2
2
1
2 m/s , 24 m/s
2 24 24.1 m/s
24
tan 85.2
2
x y
a a
a
θ

= =
= + =
 
= = °
 
 


2
24.1 m/s = a 85.2°W
(b)
1
s.
2
t = 3 m/s,
x
v = 2.37 m/s = −
y
v
( )
2
2
3 (2.37) 3.82 m/s v = + =

1
2.37
tan 38.3
3
θ

−  
= = − °
 
 

3.82 m/s = v 38.3 ° W
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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2 m/s,
x
a =
2
4.74 m/s
y
a =

2 2 2
2 4.74 5.15 m/s a = + =

1
4.74
tan 67.2
2
θ

 
= = °
 
 


2
5.15 m/s = a 67.2°W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 92.


Let
( )
2 3 2
9 18 9 18 u t t t t t t = − + = − +
Then,
2
2
2
3 18 18, and 6 18
du d u
t t t
dt dt
= − + = −
6 0.8 m x u = − 4 0.6 m y u = − +
0.8
dx du
dt dt
= − 0.6
dy du
dx dt
= +
0.6
0.75 constant
0.8
= = − = − =
dy
dt
dx
dt
dy
dx

Since
dy
dx
does not change, the path is straight.
(a) At 2 s, t =
2
2
6, and 6. = − = −
du d u
dt dt

( )( ) ( )( ) 0.8 6 4.8 m/s, 0.6 6 3.6 m/s = = − − = = = − = −
x y
dx dy
v v
dt dt

( )( ) ( )( )
2
2 2
2
0.8 6 4.8 m/s , 0.6 6 3.6 m/s = = − − = = − = −
x y
d x
a a
dt

6.0 m/s = v

36.9 , °
2
6.0 m/s = a

36.9 ° W
(b) At 3 s, t =
2
2
9, and 0
du d u
dt dt
= − =
( )( ) ( )( ) 0.8 9 7.2 m/s, 0.6 9 5.4 m/s
x y
v v = − − = = − = −
0, 0
x y
a a = =
9.0 m/s = v
36.9 , ° 0 = a W
(c) At 4 s, t =
2
2
6, and 6
du d u
dt dt
= − =
( )( ) ( )( ) 0.8 6 4.8 m/s, 0.6 6 3.6 m/s = − − = = − = −
x y
v v
( )( ) ( )( )
2 2
0.8 6 4.8 m/s , 0.6 6 3.6 m/s
x y
a a = − = − = =
6.0 m/s = v

36.9 , °
2
6.0 m/s = a 36.9° W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 93.


Substitute the given expressions for x and y into the given equation of the ellipse, and note that the equation is
satisfied.
( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
2
2 2 2
2 2
2 2 2
2 2
16cos 16cos 4
9sin
4 3
4 2 cos 3 2 cos
4cos 4cos 1 3sin 4 4cos cos
1
2 cos 2 cos
t t
x y t
t t
t t t t t
t t
π π
π
π π
π π π π π
π π
− +
+ = +
− −
− + + − +
= = =
− −

Calculate x& and y& by differentiation.
( )
( )( )
( ) ( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
2 2
2 2
4cos 2 sin 4 sin 6 sin
2 cos
2 cos 2 cos
3sin sin 3 2cos 1 3 cos
2 cos
2 cos 2 cos
t t t t
x
t
t t
t t t t
y
t
t t
π π π π π π π
π
π π
π π π π π π π
π
π π
− − −
= − =

− −

= − =

− −
&
&

(a) When 0 s, t = 0 and 3 , x y π = = & & 9.42 m/s = v W
(b) When
1
s,
3
t =
( )
( )
3
2
2
1
2
6
4
3, 0
3
2
x y
π
π

= = − − =

& & 7.26 m/s = v

W
(c) When 1 s, t =
( )
( )
2
3 3
0 and ,
3
x y
π
π

= = = − & & 3.14 m/s = v W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 94.

Sketch the path of the particle, i.e. plot of y versus x.
Using 6 sin , and 6 3cos x t t y t = − = − obtain the values in the table below. Plot as shown.












(a) Differentiate with respect to t to obtain velocity components.
( ) ( )
( )
2 2
2 2 2 2
2
6 3cos and 3sin
6 3cos 9sin 45 36cos m/s
36sin 0 0, , and 2 in the range 0 2 .
x y
x y
dx dy
v t v t
dt dx
v v v t t t
d v
t t t
dt
π π π
= = − = =
= + = − + = −
= = = ≤ ≤

When 0 or 2 , t π =
2
cos 1, and is minimum. t v =
When , t π =
2
cos 1, and is maximum. t v = −

( )
( )
2
2
min
45 36 9 m/s , v = − =
min
3 m/s v = W
( ) t s ( ) x m ( ) y m
0 0 3
2
π

6.42

6

π 18.85 9
3
2
π

31.27

6

2π 37.70 3

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( )
( )
2
max
45 36 81 m/s , v = + =
max
9 m/s v = W
(b) 0, 0, 3 m, 3 m/s, 0
x y
t x y v v = = = = =
0 t = W
( ) 3 m = r j W
tan 0
y
x
v
v
θ = = 0 θ = W

2 s, 12 m, = 3 m, 3 m/s, 0
x y
t x y v v π π = = = =
2 s t π = W
( ) ( ) 12 m + 3 m π = r i j W
tan
y
x
v
v
θ = 0 θ = W
s, 6 m, = 9 m, 9 m/s, 0
x y
t x y v v π π = = = =
s t π = W
( ) ( ) 6 m + 9 m π = r i j W
tan
y
x
v
v
θ = 0 θ = ° W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 95.


Given: ( ) ( ) cos sin sin cos A t t t A t t t = + + − r i j
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
sin sin cos cos cos sin
cos sin
cos sin sin cos
d
A t t t t A t t t t
dt
A t t A t t
d
A t t t A t t t
dt
= = − + + + − +
= +
= = − + +
r
v i j
i j
v
a i j

(a) When r and a are perpendicular, 0 ⋅ = r a
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) cos sin sin cos cos sin sin cos 0 A t t t t t t A t t t t t t ⎡ ⎤ ⎡ ⎤ + + − ⋅ − + + =
⎣ ⎦ ⎣ ⎦
i j i j
( )( ) ( )( )
2
cos sin cos sin sin cos sin cos 0 A t t t t t t t t t t t t ⎡ ⎤ + − + − + =
⎣ ⎦

( ) ( )
2 2 2 2 2 2
cos sin sin cos 0 t t t t t t − + − =

2
1 0 t − = 1 s t = W
(b) When r and a are parallel, 0 × = r a
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) cos sin sin cos cos sin sin cos 0 A t t t t t t A t t t t t t ⎡ ⎤ ⎡ ⎤ + + − × − + + =
⎣ ⎦ ⎣ ⎦
i j i j
( )( ) ( )( )
2
cos sin sin cos sin cos cos sin 0 A t t t t t t t t t t t t ⎡ ⎤ + + − − − =
⎣ ⎦
k
( ) ( )
2 2 2 2 2 2
sin cos sin cos sin cos sin cos cos sin sin cos 0 t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t + + + − − − + =
2 0 t = 0 t = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 96.


Given:
( )
/2
1
30 1 20 cos 2
1
t
e t
t
π
π

⎡ ⎤
= − +
⎢ ⎥
+
⎣ ⎦
r i j
Differentiating to obtain v and a,
( )
/2 /2
2
1
30 20 cos 2 2 sin 2
2
1
t t
d
e t e t
dt
t
π π
π
π π π
− −
⎛ ⎞
= = + − −
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠ +
r
v j

( )
/2
2
30 1
20 cos 2 2sin 2
2
1
t
e t t
t
π
π π π

⎡ ⎤ ⎛ ⎞
= − +
⎜ ⎟ ⎢ ⎥
⎝ ⎠ + ⎣ ⎦
i j
( )
( )
/2 /2
3
2 1
30 20 cos 2 2sin 2 sin 2 4 cos 2
2 2
1
t t
d
e t t e t t
dt
t
π π
π
π π π π π π π
− −
⎡ ⎤ ⎛ ⎞
= = − − − + + − +
⎜ ⎟ ⎢ ⎥
⎝ ⎠ + ⎣ ⎦
v
a i j

( )
( )
2 /2
3
60
10 4sin 2 7.5cos 2
1
t
e t t
t
π
π π π


= − −
+
i j
(a) At 0, t = ( )
1
30 1 20 1
1
⎛ ⎞
= − +
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠
r i j 20 in. = r

W
( )
1 1
30 20 1 0
1 2
π
⎡ ⎤ ⎛ ⎞ ⎛ ⎞
= − +
⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎢ ⎥
⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠
⎣ ⎦
v i j 43.4 in. /s = v

46.3 ° W
( )( )
2
60
10 1 0 7.5
1
π = − − − a i j
2
743 in. /s = a

85.4 ° W
(b) At 1.5 s, t =
0.25
1
30 1 20 cos3
2.5
e
π
π

⎛ ⎞
= − +
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠
r i j
( ) ( ) 18 in. 1.8956 in. = + − i j 18.10 in. = r

6.0 ° W

( )
0.75
2
30 1
20 cos3 0
2
2.5
e
π
π π

⎛ ⎞
= − +
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠
v i j
( ) ( ) 4.80 in./s 2.9778 in./s = + i j 5.65 in./s = v 31.8 ° W

( )
( )
2 0.75
3
60
10 0 7.5cos3
2.5
e
π
π π

= − + − a i j

( ) ( )
2 2
3.84 in./s 70.1582 in./s = − + i j
2
70.3 in./s = a

86.9 ° W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 97.


Given: ( ) ( ) cos sin
n n
Rt t ct Rt t ω ω = + + r i j k
Differentiating to obtain v and a.
( ) ( ) cos sin sin cos
n n n n n n
d
R t t t c R t t t
dt
ω ω ω ω ω ω = = − + + +
r
v i j k
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
2 2
2 2
sin sin cos cos cos sin
2 sin cos 2 cos sin
n n n n n n n n n n n n
n n n n n n n n
d
R t t t t R t t t t
dt
R t t t t t t
ω ω ω ω ω ω ω ω ω ω ω ω
ω ω ω ω ω ω ω ω
= = − − − + + −
⎡ ⎤
= − − + −
⎣ ⎦
v
a i k
i k

Magnitudes of v and a.
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2 2
2 2
2
2 2 2 2 2 2
2 2 2 2 2
cos sin sin cos
cos 2 sin cos sin
sin 2 sin cos cos
x y z
n n n n n n
n n n n n n
n n n n n n
v v v v
R t t t c R t t t
R t t t t t t c
R t t t t t t
ω ω ω ω ω ω
ω ω ω ω ω ω
ω ω ω ω ω ω
= + +
⎡ ⎤ ⎡ ⎤ = − + + +
⎣ ⎦ ⎣ ⎦
⎡ ⎤
= − + +
⎣ ⎦
⎡ ⎤
+ + +
⎣ ⎦


( )
2 2 2 2
1
n
R t c ω = + +
( )
2 2 2 2
1
n
v R t c ω = + + W
( ) ( )
2 2 2 2
2 2
2 2 2
2 2 2 3 4 2 2 2 2
3 4 2 2
2 sin cos 2 cos sin
4 sin 4 sin cos cos 4 cos
4 sin cos sin
x y z
n n n n n n n n
n n n n n n n n n
n n n n n
a a a a
R t t t t t t
R t t t t t t t
t t t t t
ω ω ω ω ω ω ω ω
ω ω ω ω ω ω ω ω ω
ω ω ω ω ω
= + +
⎡ ⎤
= − − + −
⎢ ⎥
⎣ ⎦

= + + +


− +



( )
2 2 4 2
4
n n
R t ω ω = +
2 2
4
n n
a R t ω ω = + W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 98.

Given: ( )
( )
( )
2
cos 1 sin from which At t A t Bt t = + + + r i j k
2
cos , 1, sin x At t y A t z Bt t = = + =
2
2
cos sin 1
x z y
t t t
At Bt A
| |
= = = −
|
\ .

2 2 2 2
2 2 2
cos sin 1 1 or
x z x y
t t t
At At A B
| | | | | | | |
+ = ⇒ + = = +
| | | |
\ . \ . \ . \ .

Then,
2 2 2
1
y x z
A A B
| | | | | |
− = +
| | |
\ . \ . \ .

2 2 2
1
y x z
A A B
| | | | | |
− − =
| | |
\ . \ . \ .
!
For 3 and 1, A B = = ( )
( )
( )
2
3 cos 3 1 sin t t t t t = + + + r i j k
Differentiating to obtain v and a.
( ) ( )
( )
( )
( )
3
2
2
2
3 cos sin 3 sin cos
1
1
3 2sin cos 3 2cos sin
1
d t
t t t t t t
dt
t
d
t t t t t t
dt
t
= = − + + +
+
= = − − + + −
+
r
v i j k
v
a i j k

(a) At 0, t = ( ) ( ) ( ) 3 1 0 0 0 = − + + v i j k 3 ft/s v = !
And ( ) ( ) ( ) 3 0 3 1 2 0 = − + + − a i j h
Then, ( ) ( )
2 2
2
3 2 13 a = + =
2
3.61 ft/s a = !
(b) If and are perpendicular, 0 ⋅ = r v r v
( ) ( )
( )
( )( )
2
2
3
3 cos 3 cos sin 3 1 sin sin cos 0
1
t
t t t t t t t t t t t
t
| |
− + + + + = |

|
+
\ .

or
( )
( )
( )
2 2 2 2
9 cos 9 sin cos 9 sin sin cos 0 t t t t t t t t t t t − + + + =
continued
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


With 0, t ≠
2 2
9cos 8 sin cos 9 sin 0 t t t t t − + + =

2
10 8 sin cos 8cos 0 t t t t − + =
or 7 2cos2 2 sin 2 0 t t t + − =
The smallest root is 2 7.631 s t = 3.82 s t = !
The next root is 4.38 s t =

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 99.


(a) At the landing point, tan30 y x = − °
Horizontal motion: ( )
0 0
0
x
x x v t v t = + =
Vertical motion:
( )
2 2
0
0
1 1
2 2
y
y y v t gt gt = + − = −
from which
2 0
2 2 tan 30 2 tan 30 y x v t
t
g g g
° °
= − = =
Rejecting the 0 t = solution gives
( )( )
0
2 25 tan30 2 tan30
9.81
v
t
g
° °
= = 2.94 s t = W
(b) Landing distance:
( )( )
0
25 2.94
cos30 cos30 cos30
x v t
d = = =
° ° °
84.9 m d = W
(c) Vertical distance: tan30 h x y = ° +
or
2
0
1
tan30
2
h v t gt = ° −
Differentiating and setting equal to zero,
0
tan30
tan30 0 or
o
dh v
v gt t
dt g
°
= ° − = =
Then,
( ) ( )
2
0 0 0
max
tan 30 tan 30 1 tan 30
2
v v v
h g
g g
° ° ⎛ ⎞ °
= −
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠


( ) ( )
( )( )
2 2
2 2
0
25 tan30 tan 30
2 2 9.81
v
g
° °
= =
max
10.62 m h = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 100.


Horizontal motion: ( )
0 0
0
0
, or
x
x
x x v t v t t
v
= + = =
Vertical motion:
( )
2
2 2
0 0 0
2
0
0
1 1
or
2 2 2
y
gx
y y v t gt y gt y y
v
= + − = − = −
At ground level, 0, y = so that
2
0
2
0
2
gx
y
v
=
At 50 m, x =
( )( )
( )( )
2
0
2
9.81 50
13.625 m
2 30
y = =

0
13 0.625 m h y = − =
At 53 m, x =
( )( )
( )( )
2
0
2
9.81 53
15.31 m
2 30
y = =

0
13 2.31 m h y = − =
Range to avoid: 0.625 m 2.31 m h < < W


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 101.


Horizontal motion.
0 0 x
v v x v t = =
Vertical motion.
2
1
2
y h gt = −
Eliminate t.
2
2
0 0
2
x gx
t y h
v v
= = −
Solve for v
0
.
( )
2
0
2
=

gx
v
h y

Data: h = 3 ft, g = 32.2 ft/s
2
(a) To strike corner C. 15 ft, 0 x d y = = =
( )( )
( )( )
2
0
32.2 15
2 3 0
=

v
0
34.7 ft/s v = W
To strike point B. 15 ft, 1 ft x y = =
( )( )
( )( )
2
0
32.2 15
2 3 1
=

v
0
42.6 ft/s v =
To strike point D. 15 1 14 ft, 0 x y = − = =
( )( )
( )( )
2
0
32.2 14
2 3 0
=

v
0
32.4 ft/s v =
(b) Range to strike corner BCD.
0
32.4 ft/s < 42.6 ft/s v < W


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 102.


Place origin of coordinates at point A.
Horizontal motion: ( )
0
90 mi/h 132 ft/s = =
x
v
( )
0
0
0 132 ft = + = +
x
x x v t t
At point B where 6.5 s,
B
t =
( )( ) 132 6.5 858 ft = =
B
x
(a) Distance AB.
From geometry
858
cos 10
d =
°
871 ft d = W
Vertical motion:
( )
2
0
0
1
2
= + −
y
y y v t gt
At point B
( )( )
2 1
tan 10 0 32.2 6.5
2
− ° = + −
B
x h
(b) Initial height. 529 ft h = W


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 103.


Data:
2
0
25 ft/s, 90 55 35 , 32.2 ft/s v g α = = ° − ° = ° =
Horizontal motion. ( )
0
cos = x v t α
Vertical motion. ( )
2
0
1
sin
2
= + − y h v t gt α
Eliminate t.
0
cos
x
t
v α
=

2 2
0
tan
2 cos
gx
y h x
v
α
α
2
= + −
Solve for h.
2
2 2
0
tan
2 cos
gx
h y x
v
α
α
= − +
To hit point B. 20 ft, 0 x y = =

( )( )
( )( )
2
2
32.2 20
0 20 tan35 1.352 ft
2 25cos35
= − ° + =
°
h
To hit point C. 24 ft, 0 x y = =

( )( )
( )( )
2
2
32.2 24
0 24 tan35 5.31 ft
2 25cos35
= − ° + =
°
h
Range of values of h. 1.352 ft < 5.31 ft h < W


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 104.


Place the origin at A. Let β be the direction of the discharge velocity measured counterclockwise from the
x-axis
Horizontal motion. ( ) ( )
0 0
0
cos cos = =
x
v v x v t β β
Solve for t.
0
cos
x
t
v β
=
Vertical motion.
( )
0
0
sin =
y
v v β
( )
2
0
1
sin
2
= − y v t gt β

2
2 2
0
tan
2 cos
gx
x
v
β
β
= −
Geometry. At points B and C tan y x α =
Hence,
2
2 2
0
tan tan
2 cos
gx
x x
v
α β
β
= −
Solve for x. ( )
2 2
0
2 cos
tan tan = −
v
x
g
β
β α
To water point B.
0
90 90 40 50 β φ = °− = °− ° = °

( )( )
( )
2
2
2 24 cos 50
tan50 tan10 15.01 ft
32.2
°
= ° − ° =
B
x
15.01 ft
B
d = W
To water point C.
0
90 90 40 130 = ° + = ° + ° = ° β φ

( )( )
( )
2
2
2 24 cos 130
tan130 tan10 20.2 ft
32.2
°
= ° − ° = −
C
x
20.2 ft
C C
d x = − = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 105.


0 0 0
13 m/s, 33 , 0, 0.6 m v x y α = = ° = =
Vertical motion:
0
sin
y
v v gt α = −
( )
2
0 0
1
sin
2
y y v t gt α = + −
At maximum height,
0
sin
0 or
y
v
v t
g
α
= =
(a)
13sin33
0.7217 s
9.81
t
°
= =
( )( ) ( )( )
2
max
1
0.6 13sin33 0.7217 9.81 0.7217
2
y = + ° −
max
3.16 m y = W
1.8 m 3.16 m 3.7 m < < yes W
Horizontal motion: ( )
0
0 0
0
cos or
cos
x x
x x v t t
v
α
α

= + =
At 15.2 m, x =
15.2 0
1.3941 s
13cos33
t

= =
°

(b) Corresponding value of : y ( )( ) ( )( )
2 1
0.6 13sin33 1.3941 9.81 1.3941
2
y = + ° −
0.937 m y = W



COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 106.


Horizontal motion: ( )
( )
0
0
0
0
or
x
x
x x
x x v t t
v

= + =
( )
0
0
40cos 4 39.903 m/s, 0
x
v x = ° = =
At 12.2 m, x =
12.2 0
0.3057 s
39.903
t

= =
Vertical motion:
( )
2
0
1
2
y
y h v t gt = + −
( )
2
0
40sin 4 2.790 m/s and 9.81 m/s
y
v g = − ° = − =
(a) At the net, 1.066 m and 0.3057 s y t = =
( ) ( )( ) ( )( )
2
2
0
1 1
1.066 2.790 0.3057 9.81 0.3057
2 2
y
h y v t gt = − + = − − +
2.38 m h = W
(b) At 0, y =
( )
2
0
1
0
2
y
gt v t h − − =
( ) ( )
2
1
9.81 2.790 2.377 0
2
t t − − − =

( ) ( )( )( )
2
2.790 2.790 4 4.905 2.377
0.4676 s
9.81
t
− + − −
= =
At 0.4952 s, t = ( )( ) 39.903 0.4676 18.66 m x = =
Then, 12.2 d x = − 6.46 m d = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 107.


The horizontal and vertical components of velocity and position are
0
0
0
2
0
cos 45
sin 45
cos 45
1
sin 45
2
x
y
v v
v v gt
x v t
y v t gt
= °
= ° −
= °
= ° −

At landing on belt,
0
tan 45 tan 20
cos 45
y
x
v
gt
v v
= ° − = °
°

( )
0 0
tan 45 tan 20 cos 45 0.44974
v v
t
g g
= ° − ° ° =
2
0 0
0
2
0
1
sin 45 0.44974 0.44974
2
0.21688
v v
y v g
g g
v
y
g
⎛ ⎞ ⎛ ⎞
= ° −
⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠
=

( )( )( )
2 2 2
0
4.6108 4.6108 32.2 3 445.4 ft /s v gy = = =
(a)
0
21.1 ft/s v = W
( )( ) 0.44974 21.1
0.2948 s
32.2
t = =
(b) ( )( ) 21.1cos 45 0.2948 x = ° 4.40 ft x = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 108.

The horizontal and vertical motions are

( )
( )
0 0
2 2
0
cos or
cos
1 1
sin tan
2 2
x
x v t v
t
y v t gt x gt
α
α
α α
= =
= − = −
(1)
or
( )
2
2 tan x y
t
g
α −
= (2)
At the landing point C: 0,
c
y =
0
2 sin v
t
g
α
=
And ( )
2
0
0
2 sin cos
cos
c
v
x v t
g
α α
α = = (3)
(a) 31 α = °
To clear tree A: 90 ft, 36 ft
A A
x y = =
From (2),
( )
2 2
2 90tan31 36
1.12282 s , 1.0596 s
32.2
A A
t t
° −
= = =
From (1), ( )
0
90
99.088 ft/s
1.0596cos31
A
v = =
°

To clear tree B: 300 ft, 42 ft
B B
x y = =
From (2), ( )
( ) 2
2
2 300tan31 42
8.5875 s , 2.9304 s
32.2
B B
t t
° −
= = =
From (1), ( )
0
300
119.43 ft/s
2.9304cos31
B
v = =
°

The larger value governs,
0
119.43 ft/s v =
0
119.4 ft/s v = W
From (3),
( )( )
2
2 119.43 sin31 cos31
391.13 ft
32.2
c
x
° °
= =
330
c
d x = − 61.1 ft d = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


(b) 27 α = °
By a similar calculation, ( )
0
0.78247 s, 129.09 ft/s,
A
A
t v = =
( )
0
2.6240 s, 128.31 ft/s
B
B
t v = =

0
129.09 ft/s v =
0
129.1 ft/s v = W

418.69 ft
c
x = 88.7 ft d = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 109.


Using 40 α = ° the horizontal and vertical motions are
( ) ( )
2
0 0 0
1
cos , and sin ,
2
x v t y y v t gt α α = = + −
or
2
0
0
1
, and tan
cos 2
x
t y y x gt
v
α
α
= = + −
From which
( )
0 2
2 tan y x y
t
g
α + −
=
Using
0
0.6 m, 4.2 m, and 1.1 m
B B
y x y = = =

( )
2 2
2 0.6 4.2tan 40 1.1
0.6166 s
9.81
0.7852 s
B
B
t
t
+ ° −
= =
=

From the horizontal motion,

( )
0
4.2
cos 0.7852cos 40
x
v
t α
= =
°

0
6.98 m/s v = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 110.


Horizontal motion: ( )
0
0
cos or
cos
x
x v t t
v
α
α
= =
Vertical motion:
2
0 0
1
sin
2
y y v t gt α = + −

( )
2
0
0 2
1
tan
2
2 tan
y y x gt
y x y
t
g
α
α
= + −
+ −
=

(a) When 228 mm 0.228 m, d = =
5 0.228 4.772 m x = − =

( )
2 2
2 2 4.772tan30 3.048
0.3480 s
9.81
0.590 s
t
t
+ ° −
= =
=


0
4.772
0.590cos30
v =
°

0
9.34 m/s v = W
(b) When 430 mm 0.430 m, d = =
5 0.430 4.57 m x = − =

( )
2 2
2 2 4.57tan30 3.048
0.3243 s
9.81
0.569 s
t
t
+ ° −
= =
=


0
4.57
0.569cos30
v =
°

0
9.27 m/s v = W
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 111.


Place the origin at A with x-axis horizontal to the right and y-axis vertically upward.
Horizontal motion. ( )
0 0
sin sin
x
v v x v t β β = =
At point B, ( )
0
cos sin
B B
x R v t β β = =
Solve for t
B
.

0
tan
B
R
t
v β
=
Vertical motion.
0
cos
y
v v β =
( )
2
0
1
cos
2
y v t gt β = −
At point B,
2
2 2
0
cos
sin
tan 2 tan
B
R gR
y R
v
β
β
β β
= − = −
Simplifying,
2
2 2
0
cos
sin
tan sin 2 tan
R gR
R
v
β
β
β β β
⎛ ⎞
+ = =
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠

Solve for v
0
.
2
0
2
sin
2tan
gR
v
β
β
=

2
cos
2sin
gR β
β
=

0
cos
2sin
gR
v β
β
= W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 112.

Horizontal motion:
0
cos
x
v v α =
0
cos x v t α =
Vertical motion:
0
sin
y
v v gt α = −
( )
2
0 0
1
sin
2
y y v t gt α = + −
Eliminate t.
0
cos
x
t
v α
=

2
0
2 2
0
tan
2 cos
gx
y y x
v
α
α
= + − (1)
Data:
2
2.1 m, 50 m, 10 , 9.81 m/s y x g α = = = ° =
(a) Range of values of v
0
.
Solve equation (1) for v
0


2
2 2
0
0
2 cos
tan
gx
v
y x y
α
α
=
+ −


( )
( )( )
( )( )
2
2
0
2
0
9.81 50
2 tan 2 2.1 50tan10 cos 10
gx
v
y x y y α
= =
+ − + ° − °
12643.8
10.9163 y
=


For y = 0.5 m,
0
34.840 m/s v =
For y = 1.5 m,
0
36.649 m/s v =
Range for v
0
.
0
34.8 m/s 36.6 m/s v ≤ ≤ W
(b) Maximum height. 0
y
v =

0
sin 0 v gt α − =
0
sin
m
v
t
g
α
=

continued
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


( )
2
0 0
0 0
sin 1 sin
sin
2
m
v v
y y v g
g g
α α
α
 
= + −
 
 


( )( )
2 2 2
2 0
0 0
sin sin 10
2.1
2 2 9.81
v
y v
g
α °
= + = +
For v
0
= 34.840 m/s, 3.9655 m
m
y =
For v
0
= 36.649 m/s 4.1643 m
m
y =
Range for y
m
. 3.97 m 4.16 m
m
y ≤ ≤ W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 113.

Given:
0
86 m/s, 0, 0, 104 m, 0
A A B B
v x y x y = = = = =
Horizontal motion: ( )
0
0
sin or
sin
x
x v t t
v
α
α
= = (1)
Vertical motion:
0
cos
y
v v gt α = −
( )
( )
( )
2
0 2
0
2
2
0
0
cos 1
cos
2 sin
2 sin
v x gx
y v t gt
v
v
α
α
α
α
= − = −
At point B,
( )
2
0
2 2
0 0
cos
0
sin 2 sin
B B
B
v x gx
y
v v
α
α α
= = −
(a)
2
0
2sin cos sin 2
B
gx
v
α α α = =

( )( )
( )
2
9.81 104
sin 2 0.13794 2 7.93
86
α α = = = °
3.96 α = ° !
At maximum height,
0
cos 0
y
v v gt α = − =
0
cos 86cos3.96
8.746 s
9.81
v
t
g
α °
= = =
(b) Then, ( )( ) ( )( )
2
max
1
86cos3.96 8.746 9.81 8.746
2
y = ° −
max
375 m y = !
(c) From equation (1),
( )( )
0
104
sin 86 sin3.96
B
B
x
t
v α
= =
°
17.51 s
B
t = !
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
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© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 114.


Horizontal motion: ( )
0
0
cos or
cos
x
x v t t
v
α
α
= =
Vertical motion: ( )
2
0
1
sin
2
y v t gt α = −

2
2 2
0
tan
2 cos
gx
x
v
α
α
= −

( )
2
2
2
0
tan 1 tan
2
gx
x
v
α α = − +
2 2
2 0 0
2
2 2
tan tan 1 0
v v y
gx gx
α α
⎛ ⎞
− + + =
⎜ ⎟
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠

Data:
0
170 km/h 47.222 m/s, 4.8 m v x = = = at point C,
1.22 m y = at point C.
( )( )
( )( )
( )( )
2
2
0
2
0
2
2 47.222 2
94.712
9.81 4.8
94.712 1.22 2
24.073
4.8
v
gx
v y
gx
= =
= =

(a)
2
tan 94.712 25.073 0 α α − + =
tan 0.26547 and 94.45 α =
14.869 or 89.4 α = ° ° 14.9 α = ° W
(b)
( )
0
4.8
cos 47.222 cos14.869
x
t
v α
= =
°
0.1052 s t = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 115.


Horizontal motion: ( )
0
0
cos or
cos
x
x v t t
v
α
α
= =
Vertical motion: ( )
0 0
sin y y v t α = +

2
0
2 2
0
tan
2 cos
gx
y x
v
α
α
= + −

( )
2
2
0
2
0
tan 1 tan
2
gx
y x
v
α α = + − +
from which
( )
2 2
0 0 2 0
2
2 2
tan tan 1 0
v y y v
gx gx
α α
⎡ ⎤

− − + = ⎢ ⎥
⎢ ⎥
⎣ ⎦

Data:
0 0
40 mi/h 58.667 ft/s, 2.0 ft, 2.2 ft, 50 ft v y y x = = = = =

( )( )
( )( )
( ) ( )( )
2
2
0
2
0 0
2
2 58.667 2
4.2755
32.2 50
2 4.2755 2.2 2.0
0.01710
50
v
gx
v y y
gx
= =
− −
= =


2
tan 4.2755tan 1.01710 0 α α − + =
(a) Solving the quadratic equation, tan 4.0226 and 0.25285 α =
76.04 and 14.19 α = ° ° 14.19 α = ° W
(b)
( )
0
2
0
0
sin
tan tan
cos
cos
y
x
v
v gt gx
v v
v
α
θ α
α
α

= − = − = − +

( )( )
( )
2
32.2 50
0.25285 0.24483
58.667cos14.19
= − + =
°
13.76 θ = ° W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 116.


Vertical motion: with 0
y y
a g v = − = at point B.
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
2 2
2
0 0
0 0
2 or 2
y y y B
v v a y y v g y y − = − = −
( ) ( )( )( ) ( )
2
2 2
0 0
2 32.2 3.6 231.84 ft /s or 15.226 ft/s
y y
v v = = =
( )
( )
0
0
or 0.47287 s
y
y y B
v
v v gt t
g
= − = = =
( )
0
0
15.226
sin 0.43504
35
25.79
y
v
v
α
α
= = =
= °

Horizontal motion: ( )
0
cos x v t α =
(a) ( )( ) 35cos 25.79 0.47287
B
x = 14.90 ft
B
x = W
(b) From above, 25.8 α = ° W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 117.

Horizontal motion: ( )
0
0
cos or
cos
x
x v t t
v
α
α
= =
Vertical motion: ( )
( )
2
2
0 0 0
2
0
1 1
sin tan
2 2
cos
gx
y y v t gt y x
v
α α
α
= + − = + −

( )
2
2
0
2
0
tan 1 tan
2
gx
y y x
v
α α = + − +
Let tan u x α = so that
( )
2 2
0
2
0
2
g
y y u x u
v
= + − +
Solving for
2
: x ( )
2
2 2 0
0
2

v
x u y y u
g
= + − −
The maximum value of
2
x is required:
( )
2
0.
d x
du
=
( )
2
2 2
0 0
2
2 0 or
d x
v v
u u
du g g
= − = =
Data:
0 0
36 ft/s, 3.6 ft, 18 ft
B
v y y = = =
( )
2
36
40.2484 ft
32.2
u = =
( )
( )( )
( ) ( )
2
2 2
2
max max
2 36
40.2484 3.6 18 40.2484 460.78 ft 21.466 ft
32.2
x x = + − − = =
(a) Maximum distance:
max
13.5 d x = − 7.97 ft d = W
continued
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


(b) Angle . α
max
max max
tan 40.2484
tan 1.875
21.466
x u
x x
α
α = = = =
61.93 α = ° 61.9 α = ° W
Check the edge.
( )
2
0
2
0
tan
2 cos
gx
y y x
v
α
α
= + +
( )( )
( )( )
[ ]
2
2
32.2 13.5
3.6 13.5 1.875
2 36cos61.93
y = + −
°
18.69 ft y = W
Since 18 ft, y > the stream clears the edge.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 118.

Let 90 β α = ° −
Horizontal motion: ( )
0
0
cos or
cos
x
x v t t
v
β
β
= =
Vertical motion: ( )
2 2 2 2
0 0
1 1
sin tan sec /
2 2
y v t gt x gx v β β β = − = −
At point B,
2 2 2
0
1
tan30 tan sec /
2
B B B B
y x x gx v β β = ° = −
Solving for ,
B
x ( )
( )
2 2
2 2 0 0
2 2
tan tan30 cos sin cos tan30 cos
B
v v
x
g g
β β β β β = − ° = − °
Differentiating with respect to β and setting equal to zero,
( )
( )
2
2 2 0
2
0
2
cos sin 2tan30 cos sin
2
cos 2 tan30 sin 2 0
B
dx v
d g
v
g
β β β β
β
β β
= − + °
= + ° =

tan 2 cot 30 3 or 2 60 and 120 β β = − ° =− = − ° °
30 and 60 . β = − ° ° Use 60 . β = °
Maximum values of and .
B
x d
( ) ( )
2 2
2 0 0
max
2
tan60 tan30 cos 60 0.57735
B
v v
x
g g
= ° − ° =
(a)
( ) ( )
2
2
0 max
max
120 2 2
cos30 3 3 32.2
B
x
v
d
g
= = =
°

max
298 ft d = W
(b) 90 90 60 α β = ° − = ° − ° 30 α = ° W
continued
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


At the point of maximum height, the projectile path is parallel to the surface so that

0
0
sin
tan30 or tan30
cos
y
x
v
v gt
v v
β
β

= ° = °
or ( )
0 0
cos
tan tan30 0.57735
v v
t
g g
β
β = − ° =

( )
( )
2
0 0
0
2
2
0
1
sin 0.57735 0.57735
2
120 1 1
149.068 ft
3 3 32.2
v v
y v g
g g
v
g
β
   
= −
   
   
= = =


( )
( )( )
2
0 0
0
2
cos 0.57735 0.288675
0.288675 120
129.097 ft
32.2
v v
x v
g g
β
 
= =
 
 
= =

(c)
max
tan30 149.068 129.097tan30 h y x = − ° = − °
max
74.5 ft h = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 119.








Sketch the velocity vector diagram showing v
B
= v
A
+ v
B/A
.
Law of cosines.

2 2 2
/
2 cos
B A A B A B
v v v v v γ = + −

2 2 2
/
cos
2
A B B A
A B
v v v
v v
γ
+ −
=

( ) ( ) ( )
( )( )( )
2 2 2
700 500 1125
0.7509
2 700 500
+ −
= = −
138.7 γ = ° 90 48.7 γ − ° = °
48.7° west of southW

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 120.


Let i and j be unit vectors in directions east and north respectively.
Velocity of plane relative to air.
( )( )
/
120 km/h cos 20 sin 20
P A
= ° + ° v i j
Velocity of plane.
( )( ) 110 km/h cos30 sin30
P
= ° + ° v i j
But
/ P A P A
= + v v v
Velocity of air.
/ A P P A
= − v v v

( ) ( ) 110cos30 120cos 20 110sin30 120sin 20
A
v = ° − ° + ° − ° i j
( ) ( ) 17.50 km/h 13.96 km/h = − + i j
( ) ( )
2 2
17.50 13.96 22.4 km/h
A
v = + =

17.50
tan
13.96
θ = 51.4 θ = °
22.4 km/h at 51.4 west of north
A
= ° v W




COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 121.










( )
/
/
B A B A
B A B A
B A
= +
= −
= + −
v v v
v v v
v v

Sketch vector addition on a diagram as shown.
Law of cosines:
( ) ( ) ( )( )( )
( )
2 2 2
/
2 2
2
/
2 cos120
30 25 2 30 25 cos120
2275 mi/h
47.697 mi/h
B A B A B A
B A
v v v v v
v
= + − °
= + − °
=
=

Law of sines:
/
sin sin120
A B A
v v
α °
=
25sin120
sin 0.45392
47.697
27.0 , 30 57.0
α
α α
°
= =
= ° + ° = °


/
47.7 mi/h
B A
= v 57.0 ° W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 122.














First solve geometry triangle ABC.
Law of sines:
sin sin120
1.5 2.4
β °
=
1.5
sin sin120 0.54127
2.4
β = ° =
32.77 β = °
Law of angles: 120 180 α β + + ° = °
60 27.23 α β = ° − = °
Now
/ B A B A
= + v v v
Sketch the vector addition triangle.
90 62.77 α °− = °
60 90 180 θ α + ° + ° − = °
180 60 62.77 57.23 θ = ° − ° − ° = °
Law of sines:
/
sin 60 sin
B A A
v v
θ °
=
(a)
/
sin60 4.5sin 60
4.63 ft/s
sin sin57.23
A
B A
v
v
θ
° °
= = =
°


/
4.63 ft/s
B A
= v 62.77° W
Law of sines:
( ) sin 90 sin
B A
v v
α θ ° −
=
(b)
( ) sin 90 4.5sin 62.77
4.759 ft/s
sin sin57.23
A
B
v
v
α
θ
° − °
= = =
°

4.76 ft/s
B
= v 60 ° W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 123.















/ B A B A
= + v v v
Sketch the vector addition as shown in the velocity diagram.
By law of cosines:
( ) ( ) ( )
( )
2 2 2
/
2 2
2
3
/
2 cos155
80 60 2 80 60 cos155
18.7005 10 km/h
136.7 km/h
B A A B A B
B A
v v v v v
v
= + − °
= + − °
= ×
=

Law of sines:
/
sin sin155
B B A
v v
α °
=
60sin155
sin 0.18543
136.7
α
°
= =
10.69 α = °
(a)
/
136.7 km/h
B A
= v 10.69 ° W
Determine positions relative to the crossing.
3
80 4 km
60
A A
t = = = r v
( )
0
10
60
60
B B B
t
⎛ ⎞
= + =
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠
r r v
3
60
60
⎛ ⎞
+
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠
7 km = 25°

/ B A B A
= + r r r Sketch the vector addition as shown.
By law of cosines:

2 2 2
/
2 cos 25
B A A B A B
r r r r r = + − °
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
4 7 2 4 7 cos 25 14.25 km = + − ° =
(b)
/ B A
d r = 3.77 km d = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 124.







Begin with
/ /
and
C A C A C B C B
= + = + v v v v v v
Subtracting
/ / / / /
0
A C A B C B A B C A C B
= + − − = + − v v v v v v v
or
( ) / / / / / / B A A B C A C B C B C A
= − = + − = − + v v v v v v
Sketch the vector addition as shown. By law of cosines:
( ) ( ) ( )( )( )
( )
2 2 2
/ / / / /
2 2
2
3
/
2 cos65
470 520 2 470 520 cos65
284.72 10 km/h
533.6 km/h
B A C A B A C A B A
B A
v v v v v
v
= + − °
= + − °
= ×
=

Law of sines:
/ /
sin sin65
C B B A
v v
α °
=
520sin 65
sin 0.88322
533.6
62.03 , 75 12.97
α
α α
°
= =
= ° ° − = °

(a)
/
534 km/h
B A
= v 12.97 ° W
( ) / /
or
C A C A A C C A
= + = + − v v v v v v
Sketch the vector addition as shown.
Law of cosines: ( )
2 2 2
/ /
2 cos 180 15
A C C A C C A
v v v v v = + − ° − °
( ) ( ) ( )( )( ) ( )
2 2 2
2 3
48 470 2 48 470 cos165 266.79 10 km/h
A
v = + − ° = ×
516.5 km/h
A
v =

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Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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Law of sines:
/
sin sin165
C A A
v v
β °
=
or
470sin165
sin 0.23551
516.5
β
°
= =
13.62 90 13.62 76.4 β = ° ° − ° = °
(b) 517 km/h
A
= v 76.4 ° W
(c) ( )
/ /
15
520
60
C B C B
t
 
= =
 
 
r v
/
130 km
C B
= r 40 ° W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 125.

























Let d be the distance between the left and right supports.
Constraint of entire cable: ( ) ( ) 2 constant
B B A A
x x x d x + − + − =
2 3 0 and 2 3 0
B A B A
v v a a − = − =
( )
2 2
2 2
1 0.667 ft/s or 0.667 ft/s
3 3
A B A
a a a = = = =
Constraint of point C: ( )
/
2 constant
A C A
d x y − + =
/ /
2 0 and 2 0
A C A A C A
v v a a − + = − + =
(a) ( )
2
/
2 2 0.667 1.333 ft/s
C A A
a a = = =

2
/
1.333 ft/s
C A
= a W
Velocity vectors after 2s: ( )( ) 0.667 2 1.333 ft/s
A
= = v
( )( )
/
1.333 2 2.666 ft/s
C A
= = v
/

C A C A
= + v v v
Sketch the vector addition.
( )
2
2 2 2 2 2
/
(1.333) (2.666) 8.8889 ft/s
C A C A
v v v = + = + =
2.981 ft/s
C
v =
/
2.666
tan 2, 63.4
1.333
C A
A
v
v
θ θ = = = = °
(b) 2.98 ft/s
C
= v 63.4 ° W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 126.









Vector
/
8 in./s
P A
= v α 30 90 120 α θ θ = ° + + ° = ° +
Vector 4.8 in./s
A
= v 30°

/ P A P A
= + v v v
(a) 30 , 150 θ α = ° = °
Method 1: Sketch the vector addition.
By law of cosines:
( ) ( ) ( )( )( )
2 2 2
/ /
2 2
2 cos60
4.8 8 2 4.8 8 cos 60
6.97 in./s
P A P A A P A
P
v v v v v
v
= + − °
= + − °
=

By law of sines:
sin sin60 4.8sin60
or sin 0.59604
6.97
A P
v v
β
β
° °
= = =
36.6 , 30 66.6 , β β = ° + ° = ° 6.97 in./s
P
= v 66.6 ° W
(b) 135 , 120 135 255 θ α = ° = ° + ° = °
Method 2: Use unit vectors i and j.
Vector
/
8cos 8sin 2.0706 7.7274
P A
α α = + = − − v i j i j
Vector 4.8cos 30 4.8sin 30 4.1569 2.4
A
= ° + ° = + v i j i j

/
2.0863 5.3274
P A P A
= + = − v v v i j
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2 2
2.0863 5.3274 5.72 in./s
P P P
x y
v v v = + = + =
( )
( )
5.3274
tan 2.5535 or 68.6
2.0863
P
y
P
x
v
v
ϕ ϕ

= = = = − °
5.72 in./s
P
= v 68.6 ° W


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 127.







Draw vector diagram showing
B A B/A
= + a a a
Law of cosines.
( )( )( )
2 2 2
80 120 2 80 120 cos 20
B
a = + − °
2 2
2758 mm /s =
2
52.516 mm/s
B
a =
Law of sines.
sin sin 20
80 52.516
ϕ °
=
sin 0 5210 31 4 ϕ ϕ = . = . °

(a) Acceleration of block B.
2
52.5 mm/s
B
= a 31.4°W
(b) Velocity of block B when t = 3 s.
( )( ) 52.516 3 157.5 mm/s
B B
v a t = = =
157.5 mm/s
B
= v 31.4 ° W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 128.


Horizontal motion of the ball: ( ) ( )
ball
0 0
,
x x x
v v x v t = =
Vertical motion of the ball:
( )
0
y y
v v gt = −
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2
2
0 0
1
, 2
2
B y y y
y v t gt v v gy = − − = −
At maximum height,
max
0 and
y
v y y = =
( ) ( )( )( )
( )
2
2 2
max
0
2 2 9.81 8 156.96 m /s
12.528 m/s
y
y
v gy
v
= = =
=

At time of catch, ( )
2
1
0 12.528 9.81
2
y t = = −
or
catch
2.554 s and 12.528 m/s = =
y
t v
Motion of the deck: ( ) ( )
2
deck
0 0
1
,
2
x x D x D
v v a t x v t a t = + = +
Motion of the ball relative to the deck:
( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
/
0 0
2 2
/
0 0
/ /
0
1 1
2 2
,
B D x x D D
x
B D x x D D
B D y B D B
y
v v v a t a t
x v t v t a t a t
v v gt y y
⎡ ⎤
= − + = −
⎣ ⎦
⎡ ⎤
= − + = −
⎢ ⎥
⎣ ⎦
= − =

(a) At time of catch, ( )( )
2
/
1
0.3 2.554
2
D B
d x = = − − 0.979 m d = W
(b)
( ) ( )( )
/
0.3 2.554 0.766 m/s or 0.766 m/s
B D
x
v = − − = +

( )
/
12.528 m/s
B D
y
v =

/
12.55 m/s
B D
= v 86.5° W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 129.

Vertical motion of sand. a = 32.2 ft/s
2
,

v
0
= 0, y
0
= 0
At impact with conveyor belt B, 5 ft
B
y = −

2
1
2
y gt = −

( )( ) 2 5 2
0.55728 s
32.2
y
t
g
− − −
= = =
Downward velocity component at impact.
( )( ) 32.2 0.55728 17.9444 ft/s
y
v gt = = =
Horizontal motion of sand. v
x
= 6 ft/s
Velocity vector of sand at impact.
( ) ( )
2 2
17.9444 6 18.9209 ft/s
S
v = + =
tan 71.512 ϕ ϕ
17.9444
= = °
6

18.9209 ft/s
S
= v 71.512°
Velocity of conveyor belt B. 8 ft/s =
B
v 15°
Draw vector diagram showing

/
.
S B S B
= − v v v
71.512 15 86.512 = ° + ° = ° ϕ
Law of cosines.

2 2 2
/
2 cos = + −
S B S B S B
v v v v v ϕ
( )( )( )
2 2
18.9209 8 2 18.9209 8 cos86.512 = + − °
403.358 =

/
20.0894 ft/s =
S B
v

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.



Law of sines.
/
sin sin
=
S S B
v v
α ϕ

/
sin 18.9209 sin86.512
sin 0.9401
20.0894
S
S B
v
v
ϕ
α
°
= = =
70.1 15 85.1 = ° + ° = ° α α
Velocity of sand relative to conveyor belt B.

/
20.1 ft/s
S B
= v 85.1° W


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Chapter 11, Solution 130.


Motion of the suitcase relative to the truck.
Acceleration.
0
=
∫ ∫
a
x v
x v
a dx v dv

2 2
0 0
1 1
2 2
− = − ax ax v v

( )
( )
( )( )
2
2 2
2 0
0
15 0
11.25 ft/s
2 2 10 0
v v
a
x x
− −
= = =
− −

Time.
0
0
=
∫ ∫
t v
v
a dt dv

0
= − at v v

0
15 0
1.3333 s
11.25
− −
= = =
v v
t
a

Velocity at 1.2 s.
0
= + v v at
( )( ) 0 11.25 1.2 13.5 ft/s = + =
As a vector. 13.5 ft/s
S/T
= v 20°
Motion of truck. 6 in. 0.5 ft =
Acceleration.
2
0 0
1
2
= + + x x v t at
( )
2 1
0.5 0 0 1.3333
2
a = + +

( )( )
( )
2
2
2 0.5
0.5625 ft/s
1.3333
a = =
Velocity at 1.2 s.
0
v v at = +
( )( ) 0 0.5625 1.2 0.675 ft/s v = + =
As a vector. 0.675 ft/s
T
= v

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System



Velocity of suitcase at 1.2 s.
/ S T S
= + v v v
T

Law of cosines.
( ) ( ) ( )( )
2 2
2
13.5 0.675 2 13.5 cos 20
S
v = + −
Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
°
165.579 =
12.87 ft/s
S
v =
Law of sines.
0.675
sin sin 20
S
v
α
=
°

0.675 sin 20
sin 0.01794
12.87
α
°
= =
1.0 20 1.0 21.0 α β = ° = ° + ° = °
12.87 ft/s
S
= v 21.0 ° W



Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 130.

Motion of the suitcase relative to the truck.
Acceleration.
0
=
∫ ∫
a
x v
x v
a dx v dv

2 2
0 0
1 1
2 2
− = − ax ax v v

( )
( )
( )( )
2
2 2
2 0
0
15 0
11.25 ft/s
2 2 10 0
v v
a
x x
− −
= = =
− −

Time.
0
0
=
∫ ∫
t v
v
a dt dv

0
= − at v v

0
15 0
1.3333 s
11.25
− −
= = =
v v
t
a

Velocity at 1.2 s.
0
= + v v at
( )( ) 0 11.25 1.2 13.5 ft/s = + =
As a vector. 13.5 ft/s
S/T
= v 20°
Motion of truck. 6 in. 0.5 ft =
Acceleration.
2
0 0
1
2
= + + x x v t at
( )
2 1
0.5 0 0 1.3333
2
a = + +

( )( )
( )
2
2
2 0.5
0.5625 ft/s
1.3333
a = =
Velocity at 1.2 s.
0
v v at = +
( )( ) 0 0.5625 1.2 0.675 ft/s v = + =
As a vector. 0.675 ft/s
T
= v

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Velocity of suitcase at 1.2 s.
/ S T S T
= + v v v

Law of cosines.
( ) ( ) ( )( )
2 2
2
13.5 0.675 2 13.5 cos 20
S
v = + − °
165.579 =
12.87 ft/s
S
v =
Law of sines.
0.675
sin sin 20
S
v
α
=
°

0.675 sin 20
sin 0.01794
12.87
α
°
= =
1.0 20 1.0 21.0 α β = ° = ° + ° = °
12.87 ft/s
S
= v 21.0 ° W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 132.


Let the x-axis be directed east, and the y-axis be directed north.
Airspeed:
/
480 km/h
AW
= v ( )( ) 30 480 km/h cos30 sin30 ° = ° + ° i j
Plane relative to ship: ( )( )
/
416 km/h cos33 sin33 km/h
A B
= ° + ° v i j
Ship: 20 km/h
B
= v 20 = − j
(a) Velocity of airplane.
( )
/
20 416 cos33 sin33
A B A B
= + = − + ° + ° v v v j i j
( ) ( ) 348.89 km/h 206.57 km/h = + i j 405 km/h
A
= v 30.6 ° W
(b) Wind velocity.

/ / W A W A A AW
= + = − v v v v v
( ) 348.89 206.57 480 cos30 sin30 = + − ° + ° i j i j
( ) ( ) 66.80 km/h 33.43 km/h = − − i j 74.7 km/h
W
= v 26.6 ° W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 133.


Let the x-axis be directed east, and the y-axis be directed north.
From data obtained as the boat travels north, the wind velocity is
( ) ( ) /
1
1
3
W B W B
= + = v v v
( ) /
1
W B
v +
( ) ( )
/
1
50 3 sin50 cos50
W B
v ° = + ° − ° j i j
From data obtained as the boat travels east, it is
( ) ( ) /
2
2
12
W B W B
= + = v v v
( )
/ W B
v +
( ) ( )
/
2
50 12 cos50 sin50
W B
v ° = + − ° − ° i i j
Subtracting,
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
/ /
1 2
0 3 sin50 cos50 12 cos50 sin50
W B W B
v v = + ° − ° − − − ° − ° j i j i i j
x-components: ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) / /
1 2
sin 50 cos 50 12
W B W B
v v ° + ° = (1)
y-components: ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
/ /
1 2
cos 50 sin 50 3
W B W B
v v − ° + ° = − (2)
Solving (1) and (2),
( ) ( ) / /
1 2
11.121 mi/h, 5.415 mi/h
W B w B
v v = =
Then, ( ) ( ) ( ) 3 11.121 sin50 cos50 8.519 mi/h 4.148 mi/h
W
= + ° − ° = − v j i j i j
or ( ) ( ) ( ) 12 5.415 cos50 sin50 8.519 mi/h 4.148 mi/h
W
= + − ° − ° = − v i i j i j
9.48 mi/h
W
= v 26.0 ° W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 134.


Let unit vector i point east and unit vector j point north.
First observation.
Velocity of ship: ( )
1
6 mi/h = v i
Velocity of wind relative to ship:
( )
/1 /1 W W
v = v j
Velocity of wind:
( )
1 /1 /1
6
W W W
v = + = + v v v i j (1)
Second observation.
Velocity of ship: ( )
2
4 mi/h = v i
Velocity of wind relative to ship:
( )
/2 /2
2 2
2 2
W W
⎛ ⎞
= +
⎜ ⎟
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠
v v i j (2)
Velocity of wind:
2 /2 /2 /2
2 2
4
2 2
W W W W
v v
⎛ ⎞ ⎛ ⎞
= + = + +
⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟
⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠
v v v i j
Equate expressions (1) and (2) for v
W.
i components:
/2
2
6
2
W
v =
Substitute into (2).
( ) ( ) ( ) 6 4 6 6 mi/h 10 mi/h
W
= + + = + v i j i j
2 2
6 10 11.66 mi/h
W
v = + =
10
tan , 59.0
6
ϕ ϕ = = ° ( ) 11.66 mi/h
W
= v 59.0 ° W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 135.


(a) 16 km 16, 000 m, 160 km/h 44.444 m/s r v = = = =

( )
2
2
44.444
16, 000
v
a
r
= =
2
0.1235 m/s a = W
(b) ( )
64 160
96 km 96, 000 m, 160 96 16 112 km/h 31.111 m/s
176 16
r v

= = = − − = =



( )
2
2
31.111
96, 000
v
a
r
= =
2
0.01008 m/s a = W
(c) 176 km 176, 000 m, 64 km/h 17.788 m/s r v = = = =

( )
2
2
17.778
176, 000
v
a
r
= =
2
0.001796 m/s a = W



COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 136.

Velocities:

/
1 m/s
A B A B
= − = v v v


Accelerations:


2
/
0.25 m/s
A B A B
= − = a a a

(a)
( )
( )
2 2
2
2
2
2
/
100
1
96
1
0.25
100 96
A A
A
A
A B
B
B
A A
A B
v v
a
v v
a
v v
a
ρ
ρ
= =

= =

= − =


2
50 625 0
A A
v v − + =
25
A
v = ± 25 m/s
A
v = !
(b) 25 1 24
B
v = − = 24 m/s
B
v = !
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 137.



2
2
max
, 0,
n t n
v
a a v a ρ
ρ
= = =
( )( ) ( )( )( )
2 2 2
max
25 3 25 3 9.81 735.35 m /s v g = = =

max
27.125 m/s v =
max
97.6 km/h v = !
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 138.


( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( )
( )
( )( )
2 2
2
,
0.66
0.09706
6.8
0.09706 0.09706 60 5.8235 mm
c c
c c
n n
A A
A A
c A c B c
n n
A B
c
n
B A
A
c
n
B
B A
v v
a a
v a a
a
a
ρ ρ
ρ ρ
ρ
ρ
ρ ρ
   
= =
   
   
= =
   
 
 
= = =
 
 
= = =

2 11.65 mm
B B
d ρ = = !

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 139.


Initial speed.
0
72 km/h 20 m/s v = =
Tangential acceleration.
2
1.25 m/s
t
a = −
(a) Total acceleration at 0. t =

( )
2
2
2 0
20
1.14286 m/s
350
n
v
a
ρ
= = =
( ) ( )
2 2
2 2
1.25 1.14286
t n
a a a = + = − +
2
1.694 m/s a = !
(b) Total acceleration at 4 s. t =
( )( )
0
20 1.25 4 15 m/s
t
v v a t = + = + − =

( )
2
2
2
15
0.6426 m/s
350
n
v
a
ρ
= = =
( ) ( )
2 2
2 2
1.25 0.6426
t n
a a a = + = − +
2
1.406 m/s a = !

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 140.


Length of run. 130 meters L D π π = = (1)
Radius of circle.
1
65m
2
D ρ = =
Tangential acceleration of starting portion of run.
( )( )
1
4 4 m/s
m t t t
v a t a a = = = (2)
( )( )
2
2
1 1
1 1
4 8 m
2 2
t t t
s a t a a = = = (3)
Constant speed portion of run.
m
v v =
( )
1 1 m
s s v t t = + − (4)
Substituting (1), (2) and (3) into (4)
( ) 130 8 4 54 4
t t
a a π = + −
Solving for .
t
a
2
130
1.9635 m/s
8 200
t
a
π
= =
+

From (2) ( )( ) 4 1.9635 7.854 m/s
m
v = =
Normal acceleration during constant speed portion of run.

( )
2
2
2
7.854
0.9490 m/s
65
m
n
v
a
ρ
= = =
Maximum total acceleration.
( ) ( )
2 2
2 2
1.9635 0.9490
t n
a a a = + = +
2
2.18 m/s a = !

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 141.


For uniformly decelerated motion:
0 t
v v a t = +
At 9 s, t = ( )
2
0 150 9 , or 16.667 ft/s
t t
a a = − = −
Total acceleration:
2 2 2
t n
a a a = +
( ) ( )
1/2
1/2
2 2
2 2 2
130 16.667 128.93 ft/s
n t
a a a


= − = − − =



Normal acceleration:
2
1 5
, where diameter ft
2 12
n
v
a ρ
ρ
= = =
( )
2 2 2
5
128.93 53.72 ft /s , 7.329 ft/s
12
n
v a v ρ
| |
= = = =
|
\ .

Time:
0
7.329 150
16.667
t
v v
t
a
− −
= =

8.56 s t = !

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 142.


Speeds:
0 1
0 65 mi/h 95.33 ft/s v v = = =
Distance: ( ) 450 300 1006.86 ft
2
s
π
= + =
Tangential component of acceleration:
2 2
1 0
2
t
v v a s = +
( )
( )( )
2
2 2
2 1 0
95.33 0
4.5133 ft/s
2 2 1006.86
t
v v
a
s
+ −
= = =
At point B,
2 2
0
2
B t B
v v a s = + where ( ) 450 706.86 ft
2
B
s
π
= =
( )( )( )
2 2 2
0 2 4.5133 706.86 6380.5 ft /s
B
v = + =
(a) 79.88 ft/s
B
v = 54.5 mi/h
B
v = !
At 15 s, t = ( )( )
0
0 4.5133 15 67.70 ft/s
t
v v a t = + = + =
Since ,
B
v v < the car is still on the curve. 450 ft ρ =
Normal component of acceleration:
( )
2
2
2
67.70
10.185 ft/s
450
n
v
a
ρ
= = =
(b) Magnitude of total acceleration: ( ) ( )
2 2
2 2
4.5133 10.185
t n
a a a = + = +
2
11.14 ft/s a = !
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 143.












(a) 420 km/h
A
= v , 520 km/h
B
= v 60°
/ B A B A
= + v v v or ( )
/ B A B A B A
= − = + − v v v v v
Sketch the vector addition as shown.
( ) ( ) ( )( )( )
2 2 2
/
2 2
2 cos 60
420 520 2 420 520 cos 60
B A A B A B
v v v v v = + − °
= + − °

or
/
477.9 km/h
B A
v =
sin sin60
520 477.9
α °
= or 70.4 α = °

/
478 km/h
B A
= v 70.4 ° !
(b)
2
6 m/s
A
a = ( )
2
2 m/s
B
t
a = 60°
520 km/h 144.44 m/s
B
v = =
( )
( )
2
2
2
144.44
104.32 m/s
200
B
B
n
v
ρ
= = = a 30°
( ) ( )
/ B A B A B B A
t n
= − = + − a a a a a a

[
2 = ] [ 60 104.32 ° + ] [ 30 6 ° − ]
( ) ( ) 2 cos 60 sin 60 104.32 cos30 sin30 6 = − ° + ° + − ° − ° − i j i j i

( ) ( )
2 2
97.34 m/s 50.43 m/s = − − i j

2
/
109.6 m/s
B A
a = 27.4 ° !

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 144.


(a) 180 km/h 50 m/s
A
= = v 30 , 162 km/h 45 m/s
B
° = = v 45°
( ) ( )
/
45 cos 45 sin 45 50 cos120 sin120
B A B A
= − = ° − ° − ° + ° v v v i j i j
56.82 75.12 94.2 m/s = − = i j 52.9°

/
339 km/h
B A
v = 52.9 ° !
(b) ( )
2
8 m/s
A
t
= a ( )
2
60 , 3 m/s
B
t
° = a 45°
( )
( )
2
2
2
50
6.25 m/s
400
A
A
n
A
v
ρ
= = = a 30°
( )
( )
2
2
2
45
6.75 m/s
300
B
B
n
B
v
ρ
= = = a 45°
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
/ B A B A B B A A
t n t n
= − = + − − a a a a a a a
( ) ( ) 3 cos 45 sin 45 6.75 cos 45 sin 45 = ° − ° + ° + ° i j i j
( ) ( ) 8 cos60 sin60 6.25 cos30 sin30 − ° − ° − − ° − ° i j i j

( ) ( )
2 2
8.31 m/s 12.07 m/s = + i j
or
2
/
15.18 m/s
B A
= a 56.8° !

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 145.




(a) As water leaves nozzle.
8 m/s v =
2
sin55 9.81 sin55 8.04 m/s
n
a g = ° = ° =

2
n
v
a
ρ
=

( )
2
2
8
8.04
n
v
a
ρ = = 7.96 m ρ = !
(b) At maximum height of stream.
( )
0
8 sin55 6.55 m/s
x
v v = = ° =

2
9.81 m/s
n
a g = =

2
n
v
a
ρ
=

( )
2
2
6.55
9.81
n
v
a
ρ = = 4.38 m ρ = !

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 146.


Horizontal motion.
0 0
cos cos
x
v v x v t α α = =
Vertical motion.
0
sin
y
v v gt α = −

2
0 0
1
sin
2
y y v t gt α = + −
Eliminate t.
2
0
2 2
0
tan
2 cos
gx
y y x
v
α
α
= + − (1)
Solving (1) for
0
v and applying result at point B
( )
( )( )
( )( )
( )
2
2
0
2
2
0
9.81 6
2 tan cos
2 1.5 6 tan3 0.97 cos 3
gx
v
y x y α α
= =
+ −
+ ° − °

(a) Magnitude of initial velocity.
0
14.48 m/s = v !
(b) Minimum radius of curvature of trajectory.

2 2 2
cos
n
n
v v v
a g
a g
ρ
ρ θ
= = = = (2)
where θ is the slope angle of the trajectory.
The minimum value of ρ occurs at the highest point of the trajectory where cos 1 = θ
and
0
cos = =
x
v v v α
Then

( )
2
2 2 2
0
min
14.48 cos 3 cos
9.81
°
= =
v
g
α
ρ

min
21.3 m = ρ !
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 147.






(a) At point A,
0
120 ft/s 120 ft/s v v = = = v 60°

A
g = a
2
32.2 ft/s =
( )
2
sin30
A
A
n
A
v
a g
ρ
= ° =

( )
2
2
120
sin30 32.2sin30
A
A
v
g
ρ = =
° °
894 ft
A
ρ = !
(b) At the point where velocity is parallel to incline,

0
sin30 120 sin30 60 ft/s
x
v v = ° = ° =
tan30 60tan30 34.64 ft/s
y x
v v = ° = ° =
( ) ( )
2 2
60 34.64 69.282 ft/s v = + =

2
sin 60
B
n
B
v
a g
ρ
= ° =

( )
2
2
69.282
sin60 32.2sin 60
B
B
v
g
ρ = =
° °
172.1 ft
B
ρ = !

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 148.


Compute x- and y-components of velocity and acceleration.

( )
2
2cos 1 3 sin
, ,
2 cos
2 cos
t t
x x
t
t
π π π
π
π
− −
= =


&

( )
( )
( )
2
2 3
6 sin sin 3 cos
2 cos 2 cos
t t t
x
t t
π π π π π π
π π

= +
− −
&&

( )
( )
2
1.5 2cos 1 1.5sin
, ,
2 cos
2 cos
t t
y y
t
t
π π π
π
π

= =


&
( )
( )( )
( )
2
2 3
3 2cos 1 sin 3 sin
2 cos 2 cos
t t t
y
t t
π π π π π π
π π
− −
= −
− −
&&
(a) 0, t =
2
1, 0, 0, 1.5 , 3 , x y x y x π π = = = = = − & & &&
1.5 , v y π = = &&
2
3 ,
n
a x π = − = &&
( )
2
2
2
1.5
3
n
v
a
π
ρ
π
= = 0.75 ft ρ = !
(b)
1
,
3
t =
2
3 2 2
0, , , 0, ,
2 3 3
x y x y y
π π
= = = − = = − & & &&

2
,
3
v x
π
= − = − &
2
2
,
3
n
a y
π
= − = &&
2 2
2
4 3
3.2
n
v
a
π
ρ
π
= = 1.155 ft ρ = !
(c) 1, t =
2
1, 0, 0, , ,
2 3
x y x y x
π π
= − = = = − = & & &&
,
2
v y
π
= − = &
2
,
3
n
a x
π
= = &&
2 2
2
3
4
n
v
a
π
ρ
π
= = ⋅ 0.75 ft ρ = !

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 149.


Given:
( )
3
2
4
m
6
t
x t

= +
( )
2
3
1
m
6 4
t t
y

= −
Differentiating twice

( )
( )( )
2
2
2 2 6 m/s
2
x
v x

= = + = &

( )
2
4
2 m/s
2
t
x t

= + &
( )
2
1
m/s
2 2
t t
y

= − &

2
4 2 2 m/s x t t = − + = − &&
2
1
m/s
2
y t = − &&
At 2 s. t =

( ) ( )
2
2 1
1.5 m/s
2 2
y
v y = = − = &
2 2 0
x
a x = = − = &&

2
1
2 1.5 m/s
2
y
a y = = − = &&
(a) Acceleration.
( )
2
1.5 m/s = a j !
(b) Radius of curvature of path.

1.5
tan
6
y
x
v
v
θ = =
14.036 θ = °

2 2 2 2 2
6 1.5
x y
v v v = + = +

2 2
38.25 m /s =
cos 1.5 cos14.036
n
a a θ = = °

2
1.45522 m/s =

2
n
v
a
ρ
=

2
38.25
1.45522
n
v
a
ρ = = 26.3 m ρ = !

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 150.







x A
v v =
At point B ( )
B A
x
v v =
( )
cos cos
B
A x
B
v
v
v
θ θ
= =
cos
A
B
v
v
θ =
cos cos
n B
a a g θ θ = =

A
B
v
g
v
=

2 2
B B B
B
n A
v v v
a gv
ρ = =
3
B
B
A
v
gv
ρ = !




COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 151.



Let θ be the slope angle of the trajectory at an arbitrary point C.
Then, ( )
2 2
cos , or
cos
C C
C C
n
C
v v
a g
g
θ ρ
ρ θ
= = =
But, the horizontal component of velocity is constant, ( ) ( )
C A
x x
v v =
where ( ) ( )
0
cos cos
A C C
x x
v v v v α θ = =
Then,
0
cos cos
C
v v α θ =
or
0
cos
cos
C
v v
α
θ
=
so that
2
2 2
0
0
3
1 cos cos
cos cos cos
C
v
v
g g
α α
ρ
θ θ θ
 
= =
 
 

(a) Since
0
, , v α and g are constants,
C
ρ is a minimum at point B where cosθ is a maximum or 0. θ =
Then,
2 2
0
min
cos
Q.E.D.
B
v
g
α
ρ ρ = = !
(b)
2 2
0
3
1 cos
cos
C
v
g
α
ρ
θ
 
=
 
 
 

or
min
3
Q.E.D.
cos
C
ρ
ρ
θ
= !


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 152.


Let θ be the slope angle of the trajectory at an arbitrary point C.
Then, ( )
2 2
cos or
cos
C C
C C
n
C
v v
a g
g
θ ρ
ρ θ
= = =

But the horizontal component of velocity is constant, ( ) ( )
C A
x x
v v =
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
0 0
cos
A C
x x x
v v x v t v t α = = =
0
or (1)
cos
x
t
v α
=
where ( ) ( )
0 0
cos and cos
A C
x x
v v v v α θ = =
Then,
0
cos cos
C
v v α θ =
so that
3
0
cos
C
C
v
gv
ρ
α
= (2)
The vertical motion is uniformly accelerated
( ) ( )
0 0
0
sin
cos
C
y y
gx
v v gt v
v
α
α
= − = − (3)
( ) ( ) ( )
2
2 2 2
2
0 0 0 0
0
2 2
2
0
2 4 2
0 0
But cos sin
cos
2 tan
1
cos
C
x y
x
v v v v v g
v
gx g x
v
v v
α α
α
α
α
 
= + = + −
 
 
 
= − +
 
 
 

or
3/2
2 2
3 3
0
2 4 2
0 0
2 tan
1
cos
C
gx g x
v v
v v
α
α
 
= − +
 
 
 
(4)
Finally, substituting (4) into (2) gives


3/2
2 2 2
0
2 4 2
0 0
2 tan
1
cos cos
v gx g x
g v v
α
ρ
α α
 
= − +
 
 
 
!

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 153.


Given: ( ) ( ) cos sin
n n
Rt t ct Rt t ω ω = + + r j k i
Differentiating to obtain v and a,
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
2 2
2 2
cos sin sin cos
sin sin cos cos cos sin
2 sin cos 2 cos sin
n n n n n n
n n n n n n n n n n n n
n n n n n n n n
d
R t t t c R t t t
dt
d
R t t t t R t t t t
dt
R t t t t t t
ω ω ω ω ω ω
ω ω ω ω ω ω ω ω ω ω ω ω
ω ω ω ω ω ω ω ω
= = − + + +
= = − − − + + −
 
= − − + −
 
r
v i j k
v
a i k
i k

Magnitudes of v and a.
( ) ( ) ( )
( )
2 2 2 2
2 2
2
2 2 2 2 2 2
2 2 2 2 2
2 2 2 2
cos sin sin cos
cos 2 sin cos sin
sin 2 sin cos cos
1
x y z
n n n n n n
n n n n n n
n n n n n n
n
v v v v
R t t t c R t t t
R t t t t t t c
R t t t t t t
R t c
ω ω ω ω ω ω
ω ω ω ω ω ω
ω ω ω ω ω ω
ω
= + +
    = − + + +
   
 
= − + +
 
 
+ + +
 
= + +
( )
( ) ( )
2 2 2 2
2 2 2 2
2 2
2 2 2
2 2 2 3 4 2 2
2 2 3 4 2 2
2
or 1
2 sin cos 2 cos sin
4 sin 4 sin cos cos
4 cos 4 sin cos sin
4
n
x y z
n n n n n n n n
n n n n n n n
n n n n n n n
v R t c
a a a a
R t t t t t t
R t t t t t t
t t t t t t
R
ω
ω ω ω ω ω ω ω ω
ω ω ω ω ω ω ω
ω ω ω ω ω ω ω
= + +
= + +
 
= − − + −
 
 

= + +


+ − +

=
( )
2 4 2 2 2
or 4
n n n n
t a R t ω ω ω ω + = +

Tangential component of acceleration:
( )
2 2
1/2
2 2 2 2
1
t
n
dv R n t
a
dt
R t c
ω
ω
= =
 
+ +
 

At
2 2 2
0, , 2 , 0
n t
t v R c a R a ω = = + = =
Normal component of acceleration:
2 2
2
n t n
a a a Rω = − =
2
But
n
v
a
ρ
=

or
2
n
v
a
ρ =

2 2
2
n
R c
R
ρ
ω
+
= !


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 154.


With 3 and 1, A B = = the position vector is
( )
( )
( )
2
3 cos 3 1 sin r t t t t t = + + + i j k
Differentiating to obtain v and a,
( ) ( )
( )
( )
2
2
2
2
3
3 cos sin sin cos
1
1
1
3 sin sin cos 3
1
cos cos sin
3 2sin
d t
t t t t t t
dt
t
t
t t
t
d
t t t t
dt t
t t t t
t t
| |
|
= = − + + +
|
+
\ .

| |
|
+ −
|
+
\ .
= = − − − +
+



+ + −
= − +
r
v i j k
v
a i j
k
( )
( )
( )
3/2
2
3
cos 2cos sin
1
t t t t
t
+ + −
+
i j k

Magnitude of
2
. v
( ) ( )
2
2 2
2 2 2 2
2
9
9 cos sin sin cos
1
x y z
t
v v v v t t t t t t
t
= + + = − + + +
+

Differentiating,
( )( )
( )
( )( )
2
2
18
2 18 cos sin 2sin cos
1
2 sin cos 2cos sin
dv t
v t t t t t t
dt
t
t t t t t t
= − − − +
+
+ + −

2
When 0, 3 2 , 9, 2 0
dv
t v v
dt
= = + = = a j k

2 2 2
3 2 13 a = + =

Tangential acceleration:
0
t
dv
a
dt
= =

Normal acceleration:
2 2 2
13 or 13
n t n
a a a a = − = =
But

2 2
9
or
13
n
n
v v
a
a
ρ
ρ
= = =

2.50 ft ρ = !


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 155.


For the sun,
2
274 m/s , g =
and
( )
9 9
1 1
1.39 10 0.695 10 m
2 2
R D
 
= = × = ×
 
 

Given that
2
2
n
gR
a
r
= and that for a circular orbit
2
n
v
a
r
=
Eliminating
n
a and solving for r,
2
2
gR
r
v
=
For the planet Earth,
6 3
107 10 m/h 29.72 10 m/s v = × = ×
( )
( )
( )
2
9
9
2
274 0.695 10
Then, 149.8 10 m
29.72
r
×
= = ×

149.8 Gm r = !



COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 156.


For the sun,

2
274 m/s g =
and
( )
9 9
1 1
1.39 10 0.695 10 m
2 2
R D
 
= = × = ×
 
 

Given that
2
2
n
gR
a
r
= and that for a circular orbit:
2
n
v
a
r
=

Eliminating
n
a and solving for r,
2
2
gR
r
v
=
For the planet Saturn,
6 3
34.7 10 m/h 9.639 10 m/s v = × = ×
Then,
( )
( )
( )
2
9
12
2
274 0.695 10
1.425 10 m
9.639
r
×
= = × 1425 Gm r = !


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 157.


From Problems 11.155 and 11.156,
2
2
n
gR
a
r
=
For a circular orbit,
2
n
v
a
r
=
Eliminating
n
a and solving for v,
g
v R
r
=

For Venus,
2
29.20 ft/s g =

6
3761mi 19.858 10 ft. R = = ×
6
3761 100 3861mi 20.386 10 ft r = + = = ×
Then,
6 3
6
29.20
19.858 10 23.766 10 ft/s
20.386 10
v = × = ×
×

16200 mi/h v = !

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 158.


From Problems 11.155 and 11.156,
2
2
n
gR
a
r
=
For a circular orbit,
2
n
v
a
r
=
Eliminating
n
a and solving for v,
g
v R
r
=

For Mars,
2
12.24 ft/s g =

6
2070 mi 10.930 10 ft R = = ×
3
2070 100 2170 mi 11.458 10 ft r = + = = ×
Then,
6 3
6
12.24
10.930 10 11.297 10 ft/s
11.458 10
v = × = ×
×

7700 mi/h v = !

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 159.


From Problems 11.155 and 11.156,
2
2
n
gR
a
r
=
For a circular orbit,
2
n
v
a
r
=
Eliminating
n
a and solving for v,
g
v R
r
=

For Jupiter,
2
75.35 ft/s g =

6
44432 mi 234.60 10 ft R = = ×
6
44432 100 44532 mi 235.13 10 ft r = + = = ×
( )
6 3
6
75.35
Then, 234.60 10 132.8 10 ft/s
235.13 10
v = × = ×
×

90600 mi/h v = !

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 160.


Radius of Earth ( )( )
6
3960 mi 5280 ft/mi 20.908 10 ft R = = ×
Radius of orbit ( )( )
6
3960 10900 5280 78.4608 10 ft r = + = ×
Normal acceleration
2
2
n
gR
a
r
= and
2
n
v
a
r
=
Thus,
2 2
2
v gR
r r
= or
2
2
gR
v
r
=

( )
( )
2
6
2 6 2 2
6
32.2 20.908 10
179.40 10 ft /s
78.4608 10
v
×
= = ×
×


3
13.3941 10 ft/s v = ×
Time T for one orbit. 2 vT r π =

( )
6
3
3
2 78.4608 10
2
= 36.806 10 s
13.3941 10
r
T
v
π
π
×
= = ×
×

10.22 h T = !

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 161.


Normal acceleration.
2
2
n
gR
a
r
= and
2 2
n
v v
a
r ρ
= =
Solve for v
2
.
2
2
n
gR
v ra
r
= =
Data:
2
9.81 m/s , g =
6
6370 km = 6.370 10 m R = ×

3 6
384 10 km = 384 10 m r = × ×

( )
( )
2
6
2 6 2 2
6
9.81 6.370 10
1.0366 10 m /s
384 10
v
×
= = ×
×

= 1.018 m/s v 3670 km/h v = !

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 162.

From Problems 155 through 156,
2
2
n
gR
a
r
=
For a circular orbit,
2
n
v
a
r
=
Eliminating
n
a and solving for v,
g
v R
r
=

For one orbit the distance traveled is 2 ; r π hence, the time is
2 r
t
v
π
=
or
3 2
1 2
2 r
t
Rg
π
=
For satellites A and B,
3 2 3 2
1 2 1 2
2 2
and
A B
A B
r r
t t
Rg Rg
π π
= =
Let number of orbits of . n B = For the next alignment,
( )
3 2
3 2
1
1 or
1
1
B B
A B
A A
B
A
n t r
n t nt
n t r
r
n r
  +
+ = = =
 
 
 
= −
 
 

Data:
3
6370 km 6.370 10 m R = = ×
3
6370 190 6560 km 6.560 10 m
A
r = + = = ×
3
6370 320 6690 km 6.690 10 m
B
r = + = = ×
Then,
3/2
3
3
1 6.690 10
1 0.02987 or 33.475
6.560 10
n
n
 
×
= − = =
 
 
×
 

continued
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Time for orbit of satellite B is
( )
( )
( )
3 2
6
3
1 2
6
2 6.690 10
5.449 10 s 1.5137 h
6.370 10 9.81
B
t
π ×
= = × =
×

Time for next alignment is
( )( ) 33.475 1.5137
B
nt = 50.7 h
B
nt = !

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 163.


Differentiate the expressions for r and θ with respect to time.
2 3
2
0.8
0.8 0.8
0.8 0.8
1 2 6 8
2 12 24
12 48
0.5 sin3
0.4 sin3 1.5 cos3
0.32 sin3 1.2 cos3
t
t t
t t
r t t t
r t t
r t
e t
e t e t
e t e t
θ π
θ π π π
θ π π π

− −
− −
= + − +
= − +
= − +
=
= − +
= −
&
&&
&
&&


0.8 2 0.8
1.2 cos3 4.5 sin3
t t
e t e t π π π π
− −
− −
At 0.5 s, t =
2
1.5 ft, 2.00 ft/s, 12 ft/s , r r r = = = & &&
0.8
2
0.67032, sin 3 1, cos 3 0
0.33516 rad, 0.26812 rad/s, 29.56 rad/s
t
e t t π π
θ θ θ

= = − =
= − = =
& &&

(a) Velocity of the collar.

r
r r
θ
θ = + v e e
&
& ( ) ( ) 2.00 ft/s 0.402 ft/s
r θ
= + v e e !
2 ft/s, 0.402 ft/s
r
v v
θ
= = !
(b) Acceleration of the collar.
( ) ( )
2
2
r r r
r r r r a a
θ θ θ
θ θ θ = − + + = + a e e e e
& && &
&& &


( )( )
2
12 1.5 0.26812
r
a = −

2
11.89 ft/s
r
a = !


( )( ) ( )( )( ) 1.5 29.56 2 2 0.26812 a
θ
= +

2
45.41 ft/s a
θ
= !


( ) ( )
2 2
11.89 ft/s 45.41 ft/s
r θ
= + a e e !

(c) Acceleration of the collar relative to the rod.

( )
2
12 ft/s
r r
r = e e && !


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 164.


Differentiate the expressions for r and θ with respect to time.
( ) ( )
2
2 3
10 10 20
mm, mm/s, mm/s
6
6 6
r r r
t
t t
= = − =
+
+ +
& &&

2
4
sin rad, 4cos rad/s 4 sin rad/s t t t θ π θ π θ π π
π
= = =
& &&

At 1s, t =
2
10 10 20
mm; mm/s, mm/s
7 49 343
r r r = = − = & &&
0, 4 rad/s, 0 θ θ θ = = − =
& &&

(a) Velocity of the collar.
0.204 mm/s, 5.71 mm/s
r
v r v r
θ
θ = = = = −
&
&
( ) ( ) 0.204 mm/s 5.71 mm/s
B r θ
= − v e e !
(b) Acceleration of the collar.
( )
( ) ( ) ( )
2
2 2
2
20 10
4 22.8 mm/s
343 7
10 10
2 0 2 4 1.633 mm/s
7 49
r
a r r
a r r
θ
θ
θ θ
 
= − = − − = −
 
 
   
= + = + − − =
   
   
&
&&
&& &
&


( ) ( )
2 2
22.8 mm/s 1.633 mm/s
B r θ
= − + a e e !

(c) Acceleration of the collar relative to the rod.

/
20
343
B OA r r
r = = a e e &&
( )
2
/
0.0583 mm/s
B OA r
= a e !

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 165.


Given ( ) 2 cos /2 r B At B = /2 At B θ =
Differentiating twice
( ) sin /2 r A At B = − & /2 A B θ =
&


( )
( )
2
/2 cos /2 r A B At B = − && 0 θ =
&&

Components and magnitude of velocity.
( ) sin /2 sin
r
v r A At B A θ = = − = − &
( ) ( ) 2 cos /2 /2 cos v r B At B A B A
θ
θ θ   = = =
 
&

(a)
2 2 2 2 2 2
sin cos
r
v v v A A A
θ
θ θ = + = + = v A = !
Components and magnitude of acceleration.
( )
( ) ( ) [ ]
2
2 2
/2 cos /2 2 cos /2 /2
r
a r r A B At B At B A B θ   = − = − +
 
&
&&

( )
2
/ cos A B θ = −
( ) ( ) 2 0 (2) sin /2 /2 a r r A At B A B
θ
θ θ   = + = + −
 
&& &
&

2
/ sin A B θ = −

( ) ( )
2 2 4 2 2 4 2 2
/ cos / sin
r
a a a A B A B
θ
θ θ = + = +
=
2
/ A B
2
/ a A B = !
From the figure a is perpendicular to v
Thus,
2
/
n
a a A B = =

2
n
v
a
ρ
=
2
n
v
a
ρ =
(b)
( )
2
2
/
A
B
A B
ρ = = B ρ = !
Since ρ is constant, the path is a circle of radius B.



COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 166.


Differentiate the expressions for r andθ with respect to time.
( )
2
2 cos ,
sin ,
cos
,
,
0
r b t
r b t
r b t
t
π
π π
π π
θ π
θ π
θ
= +
= −
= −
=
=
=
&
&&
&
&&

(a) At 2 s, t = sin 0, cos 1 t t π π = =
2
3 , 0, , 2 rad, rad/s r b r r b π θ π θ π = = = − = =
&
& &&
0 , 3 ,
r
v r v r b
θ
θ π = = = =
&
& 3 b
θ
π = v e W
( )
2 2 2 2
3 4
r
a r r b b b θ π π π = − = − − = −
&
&&
2 0, a r r
θ
θ θ = + =
&& &
&
2
4
r
b π = − a e W
(b) Values of θ for which v is maximum.

( )
( )
( )
2
2 2 2 2 2 2
2 2 2 2
2 2
sin
2 cos
sin 2 cos
sin 4 4cos cos
5 4cos
r
r
v r b t
v r b t
v v v b t t
b t t t
b t
θ
θ
π π
θ π π
π π π
π π π π
π π
= = −
= = − +
⎡ ⎤
= + = + +
⎢ ⎥
⎣ ⎦
⎡ ⎤
= + + +
⎣ ⎦
= +
&
&

2
v is maximum when cos 1 or 0, 2 , 4 , 6 , etc t t π π π π π = =
But

, hence t θ π =

2 , 0, 1, 2, N N θ π = = KW


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 167.


Differentiate the expressions for r andθ with respect to time.

( )
1 2
2 2 2 2
6 1 4 , 6 1 4 24 1 4 r t t r t t t

= + = + + + &
( ) ( )
1 2 3 2
2 3 2
72 1 4 96 1 4 , r t t t t
− −
= + − + &&

( )
1
2
arctan 2 2 1 4 , t t θ θ

= = +
&

( )
2
2
16 1 4 t t θ

= − +
&&

(a) At 0, t = 0, 6 ft/s, 0 r r r = = = & &&
0, 2 rad/s, 0 θ θ θ = = =
& &&

6 ft/s, 0,
r
v r v r
θ
θ = = = =
&
& ( ) 6 ft/s
r
= v e W

2
0,
r
a r rθ = − =
&
&&
2
2 24 ft/s , a r r
θ
θ θ = + =
&& &
&
( )
2
24 ft/s
θ
= a e W
(b) At 0.5 s, t =
2
3 2 ft, 9 2 ft/s, 15 2 ft/s r r r = = = & &&

2
rad, 1rad/s, 2 rad/s
4
π
θ θ θ = = = −
& &&

12.73 ft/s, 4.243 ft/s
r
v r v r
θ
θ = = = =
&
&
( ) ( ) 12.73 ft/s 4.24 ft/s
r θ
= + v e e W
( )
2
2 2
15 2 3 2 1 16.97 ft/s
r
a r rθ = − = − =
&
&&
( ) ( )
( )
( )
2
2 3 2 2 2 9 2 1 16.97 ft/s a r r
θ
θ θ = + = − + =
&& &
&
( ) ( )
2 2
16.97ft/s 16.97ft/s
r θ
= + a e e W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 168.


Change to rectangular coordinates. cos and sin
x y
r r
θ θ = =
Equation of the path:
3 3 3
sin cos
r
r
y x
y x
r r
θ θ
= = =
− −


from which 3 or 3. y x y x − = = +

Also,
2
3 3 1
tan 1 1
y x
x x x t
θ
+
= = = + = +
from which
2 2
3 and 3 1 x t y t = = +
Differentiating, 6 , 6
x y
v x t v y t = = = = & &
6, 6
x y
a x a y = = = = && &&
(a) Magnitudes:
2 2
x y
v v v = + 6 2 ft/s v t = W

2 2
x y
a a a = +
2
6 2 ft/s a = W
(b) 3 y x = + is the equation of a straight line.
Hence, ρ = ∞ W


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 169.















Sketch the directions of the vectors v and .
θ
e
cos v v
θ θ
θ = ⋅ = − v e
But v r
θ
θ =
&

Hence, cos r v θ θ = −
&

But from geometry,
cos
b
r
θ
=
2
cos or
cos cos
b b
v v
θ θ
θ
θ θ
= − = −
& &

Speed is the absolute value of v.

2
cos
b
v
θ
θ
=
&
W


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 170.














From geometry,
cos
b
r
θ
=
Differentiating with respect to time,
2
sin
cos
b
r
θθ
θ
=
&
&
Transverse component of acceleration

2
2
2 sin
2
cos cos
b b
a r r
θ
θ θθ
θ θ
θ θ
= + = +
&& &
&& &
& (1)

Sketch the directions of the vectors a and .
θ
e
cos a a
θ θ
θ = ⋅ = − a e (2)
Matching from (1) and (2) and solving for a,
( )
2
2 3
2
2
2 sin
cos cos
2tan
cos
b b
a
b
θ θθ
θ θ
θ θθ
θ
= − −
= − +
&& &
&& &

Since magnitude of a is sought,
2
2
| | 2tan
cos
b
a θ θθ
θ
= +
&& &
W


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 171.












Sketch the geometry.
( ) 180 180 θ β α + ° − + = °
α β θ = −
( ) sin 180 sin
r d
β α
=
° −

sin
sin
d
r
β
α
=
Sketch the velocity vectors.
( ) cos 90 v v
θ θ
α = ⋅ = ° − v e
sin v α =
But
sin
or sin ,
sin
d
v r v
θ
β
θ α θ
α
= =
& &

or
2
sin
sin
d
v
β
θ
α
=
&

( )
2
sin
sin
d
v
β
θ
β θ
=

&
W


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 172.










Looking at d and β as polar coordinates with 0, d =
&

2 2
, 0
2 0,
d
d
v d d v d
a d d a d d d
β
β
β ω
β β β ω
= = = =
= + = = − = −
& &
& && && & &

Geometry analysis: 3 r d = for angles shown.
(a) Velocity analysis:




Sketch the directions of v, and .
r θ
e e

cos120
r r
v r dω = = ⋅ = ° v e &


1
2
r dω = − & W


cos30 v r d
θ θ
θ ω = = ⋅ = ° v e
&


3
2
cos30
3
d
d
r d
ω
ω
θ
°
= =
&

1
2
θ ω =
&
W

(b) Acceleration analysis:




Sketch the directions of a, and .
r θ
e e

2
3
cos150
2
r r
a a a dω = ⋅ = ° = − e


2 2
3
2
r r d θ ω − = −
&
&&


2
2 2 2
3 3 1
3
2 2 2
r d r d d ω θ ω ω
⎛ ⎞
= − + = − +
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠
&
&&


2
3
4
r dω = − && W


2 2
1
cos120
2
2
a d d
a r r
θ θ
θ
ω ω
θ θ
= ⋅ = ° = −
= +
a e
&& &
&


( ) ( )
2
1 1 1 1 1
2 2
2 2 2 3
a r d d
r d
θ
θ θ ω ω ω
⎡ ⎤ ⎛ ⎞⎛ ⎞
= − = − − −
⎜ ⎟⎜ ⎟ ⎢ ⎥
⎝ ⎠⎝ ⎠
⎣ ⎦
&& &
&

0 θ =
&&
W


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 173.


Rate of change of . θ
3
48.0 47.0 1.0 17.453 10 rad θ

Δ = ° − ° = ° = ×
0.5 s t Δ =

3
3
17.453 10
34.907 10 rad/s
0.5 t
θ
θ


Δ ×
≈ = = ×
Δ
&

Let r be a polar coordinate with origin at A.

3
4 km 4 10 m b = = ×

3
3
4 10
5.921 10 m
cos cos 47.5
b
r
θ
×
= = = ×
°


( )( )
3 3
5.921 10 34.907 10 206.68 m/s v r
θ
θ

= = × × =
&

From geometry,
206.68
cos cos 47.5
v
v
θ
θ
= =
°

306 m/s v = W
Alternate solution. tan x b θ =

2
2
sec
cos
b
v x b
θ
θθ
θ
= = =
&
&
&

( )( )
3 3
2
4 10 34.907 10
306 m/s
cos 47.5
v

× ×
= =
°




COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 174.


Changes in values over the interval
13600 12600 1000 ft r Δ = − =

3
28.3 31.2 2.9 5.0615 10 rad θ

Δ = ° − ° = − ° = − ×
2 t s Δ =
Rates of change.
1000
500 ft/s
2
r
r
t
Δ
= = =
Δ
&

3
3
5.0615 10
2.5307 10 rad/s
2 t
θ
θ


Δ − ×
= = = − ×
Δ
&

Mean values.
12600 13600
13100 ft
2
r
+
= =

31.2 28.3
29.75
2
θ
° + °
= = °
Velocity components.
500 ft/s
r
v r = = &
( )
( )
3
13100 2.5307 10 331.53 ft/s v r
θ
θ

= = − × = −
&

( ) ( )
2 2
2 2
500 331.53 600 ft/s
r
v v v
θ
= + = + − =
409 mi/h v = W
cos sin
x r
v v v
θ
θ θ = −
( ) 500cos 29.75 331.53 sin 29.75 598.61 ft/s = ° − − ° =
sin cos
y r
v v v
θ
θ θ = +
( ) ( )
500sin 29.75 331.53 cos 29.75 39.73 ft/s = ° + − ° = −
39.73
tan 0.06636
598.61
y
x
v
v
α

= = = 3.80 α = ° W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 175.



2 2
1/2 1/2
, r be r be
θ θ
θθ = =
&
&

( )
( )
2 2
2
1/2 1/2
2
2 2 2 1/2 2 2
,
1
r
r
v r be v r be
v v v be
θ θ
θ
θ
θ
θθ θ θ
θ θ
= = = =
= + = +
& & &
&
&


( )
2 1/2
1 2 2
1 v be
θ
θ θ = +
&
W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 176.



2 3
2
,
b b
r r θ
θ θ
= = −
&
&

3 2
2
,
r
b b
v r v r
θ
θ θ θ
θ θ
= = − = =
& & &
&

( )
2 3 2
2 2 2 2 2 2 2
6 4 6
4
4
r
b b b
v v v
θ
θ θ θ θ
θ θ θ
= + = + = +
& & &


( )
1 2
2
3
4
b
v θ θ
θ
= +
&
W


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 177.


( )
( ) ( )
2 2 2
2 2
2 2 2
2
1/2 1/2 1/2 2
2 2
2 1/2 2 2 1/2
1/2 1/2 2 1/2 2
, ,
2 2 2
r
r be r be r be
a r r be be
a r r be be be
θ θ θ
θ θ
θ θ θ
θ
θθ θθ θ θθ
θ θθ θ θθ θ θθ θθ
θ θ θ θθ θ θθ
⎡ ⎤
= = = + +
⎢ ⎥
⎣ ⎦
⎡ ⎤ ⎡ ⎤
= − = + + − = +
⎢ ⎥ ⎢ ⎥
⎣ ⎦ ⎣ ⎦
⎡ ⎤
= + = + = +
⎣ ⎦
& & & &&
& &&
& & & && & & &&
&&
&& & && & && &
&

But and 0 θ ω θ = =
& &&

( )
( )
( )
( )
2 2
2
2
1/2 1/2 2
2
2 2 2 1/2 4 2 4
and 2
4
r
r
a be a be
a a a be
θ θ
θ
θ
θ
θω θω
θ θ ω
= =
= + = +


( )
2 1/2
1/2 2 2
4 a be
θ
θ θ ω = + W


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 178.



2
2 3 3 4
2 2 6
, ,
b b b b
r r r θ θ θ
θ θ θ θ
= = − = − +
& && &
& &&
( )
2 2 2 2 2 2
3 4 2 4
2 6
2 6
r
b b b b
a r rθ θ θ θ θθ θ θ θ
θ θ θ θ
= − = − + − = − + −
& & & & && & &
&&
( )
( )
2 2
2 3 3
2
2 2 4
b b b
a r r
θ
θ θ θ θ θθ θ
θ θ θ
⎛ ⎞
= + = = − = −
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠
&& & && & && &
&
But and 0 θ ω θ = =
& &&


( )
2 2 2
4 3
4
6 and
r
b b
a a
θ
θ ω ω
θ θ
= − = −

( )
2 2
2 2 2 2 4 2 2
8 6
16
36 12
r
b b
a a a
θ
θ θ ω ω
θ θ
= + = − + +

( )
2
2 4 2
8
36 4
b
θ θ ω
θ
= + +
( )
1 2
2 4 2
4
36 4
b
a θ θ ω
θ
= + + W



COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 179.







Sketch the geometry.
Law of cosines:
2 2 2
2 cos r d h dh ϕ = + −
Differentiating with respect to time and noting that d and h are constant,

2 2 sin rr dh ϕϕ = & &

sin dh
r
r
ϕ
ϕ = & &
Law of sines:
sin sin
r d
ϕ θ
=
so that sin Q.E.D r h θϕ = & & W


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 180.


Given: , ,
1 1
A Ct
R Bt z
t t
θ = = =
+ +

Differentiating with respect to time,
( )
( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
2 2 2
3 3
1
, ,
1 1 1
2 2
, 0,
1 1
C t Ct A C
R B z
t t t
A C
R z
t t
θ
θ
+ −
= − = = =
+ + +
= = = −
+ +
& &
&
&& &&
&

(a) 0. t = , 0, 0 R A z θ = = =
, ,
2 , 0, 2
R A B z C
R A z C
θ
θ
= − = =
= = = −
&& &
&
&& &&
&&

, ,
R z
v R A v R AB v z C
θ
θ = = − = = = =
& &
&

2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
R z
v v v v A A B C
θ
= + + = + +
2 2 2 2
v A A B C = + + W
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 4
2 4 4
R R
a R R A AB a A A B A B θ = − = − = − +
& &&

2 0 2 a R R AB
θ
θ θ = + = −
&& & &

2 2
4 a A B
θ
=
2
z
a z c = = − &&
2 2
4
z
a C =

2 2 2 2 2 2 4 2
4 4
R z
a a a a A A B C
θ
= + + = + +
2 2 4 2
4 4 a A A B C = + + W
(b) . t = ∞ 0, , , 0, , 0, R z C R B z θ θ = = ∞ = = = =
& &
&
0, 0, 0 R z θ = = =
&& &&
&&
0, 0, 0,
r z
v R v R v z
θ
θ = = = = = =
& &
& 0 v = W
2 2
0, 0, 0,
r z
a R R a R R a z
θ
θ θ θ = − = = − = = =
& && & &&
&&
0 a = W




COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 181.


In cylindrical coordinates.
2
, 2 ,
4
At
R A t z θ π = = =
Differentiating with respect to time,
0, 2 ,
2
0, 0,
2
At
R z
At
R z
θ π
θ
= = =
= = =
& &
&
&& &&
&&

Velocity vector: 0, 2 ,
2
r z
At
v R v R A v z
θ
θ π = = = = = =
& &
&

2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
1
0 4
4
R z
v v v v A A t
θ
π = + + = + +

2 2
1
16
2
v A t π = + W
Acceleration vector:
2 2
0 4
r
a R R A θ π = − = −
& &&

2 0, /2
z
a R R a z A
θ
θ θ = + = = =
&& & &
&&

2 2 2 2 4 2 2
1
16 0
4
R z
a a a a A A
θ
π = + + = + +

4
1
64 1
2
a A π = + W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 182.

From problem 11.97, the position vector is ( ) ( ) cos sin .
n n
Rt t ct Rt t ω ω = + + r i j k
Differentiating to obtain v and a,
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
2 2
cos sin sin cos
sin sin cos cos cos sin
n n n n n n
n n n n n n n n n n n n
d
R t t t c R t t t
dt
d
R t t t t R t t t t
dt
ω ω ω ω ω ω
ω ω ω ω ω ω ω ω ω ω ω ω
= = − + + +
= = − − − + + −
r
v i j k
v
a i k


( ) ( )
2 2
2 sin cos 2 cos sin
n n n n n n n n
R t t t t t t ω ω ω ω ω ω ω ω
 
= − − + −
 
i k

( ) ( ) ( )
x y z y z z y z x x z x y y x
x y z
v v v v a v a v a v a v a v a
a a a
× = = − + − + −
i j k
v a i j k

( ) ( )( )
( )
( )
( )
2 2 2
2 2
2
2 cos sin sin cos 2 sin cos
cos sin 2 cos sin
2 sin cos
n n n n n n n n n n n
n n n n n n n
n n n n
cR t t t R t t t t t t
R t t t t t t
cR t t t
ω ω ω ω ω ω ω ω ω ω ω
ω ω ω ω ω ω ω
ω ω ω ω
  
= − + + − −
  

− − −

 
+ − − −
 
i
j
k

( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
2cos sin 2 2sin cos
n n n n n n n n n n
cR t t t R t cR t t t ω ω ω ω ω ω ω ω ω ω = − − + + + i j k
( ) ( )
1/2
2
2 2 2 2 2 4 2 2 2
| | 4 2
n n n n
c R R t ω ω τ ω ω
 
× = + + +
 
 
v a
The binormal unit vector
b
e is given by
| |
b
×
=
×
v a
e
v a

Let α be the angle between the y-axis and the binormal.
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
2
1 2
2 2 2 2 2 4 2 2 2
2
cos
| |
4 2
n n
b
n n n n
R t
v a
c R t R t
ω ω
α
ω ω ω ω
+ × ⋅
= ⋅ = =
×
 
+ + +
 
v a j
e j
( ) ( )
1 2
2 2 2 2 2
Let 2 , 4 ,
n n n n
A R t B cR t ω ω ω ω = + = +

2 2
C A B = + so that cos as
A
C
α =

shown in the sketch. The angle that the osculating plane makes with the
y-axis is the angle . β

( )
( )
2 2
1 2
2 2
2
tan
4
n
n
R t
A
B
c t
ω
β
ω
+
= =
+

( )
( )
2 2
1
1 2
2 2
2
tan
4
n
n
R t
c t
ω
β
ω

+
=
+
!

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 183.

For 3 and 1, A B = = ( )
( )
( )
2
3 cos 3 1 sin t t t t t = + + + r i j k
Differentiating to obtain v and a.
( ) ( )
( )
( )
( )
2
3/2
2
3 cos sin 3 sin cos
1
1
3 2sin cos 3 2cot sin
1
d t
t t t t t t
dt
t
d
t t t t t t
dt
t
= = − + + +
+
= = − − + + −
+
r
v i j k
v
a i j k

(a) At 0, t = ( ) ( ) ( ) 3 1 0 0 0 3 = − + + = v i j k i
( ) 3(0) 3(1) 2 0 3 2 = − + + − = + a i j k j k
3 0 0 6 9
0 3 2
× = = − +
i j k
v a j k
2 2
| | 6 9 10.817 × = + = v a
0.55470 0.83205
| |
b
×
= = − +
×
v a
e j k
v a


2
cos 0, cos 0.55470, cos 0.83205
x y
θ θ θ = = − =

z
90 , 123.7 , 33.7
x y
θ θ θ = ° = ° = ° !
(b) At s,
2
t
π
= 4.71239 2.53069 v = − + + i j k
6 0.46464 1.5708 = − + − a i j k
4.71239 2.53069 1
6 0.46464 1.5708
4.43985 13.4022 12.9946
× = −

= − − +
i j k
v a
i j k

continued

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

( ) ( ) ( )
1/2
2 2 2
| | 4.43985 13.4022 12.9946 19.1883
 
× = + + =
 
 
v a
0.23138 0.69846 0.67721
| |
b
×
= = − − +
×
v a
e i j k
v a

cos 0.23138, cos 0.69846, cos 0.67721
x y z
θ θ θ = − = − =
103.4 , 134.3 , 47.4
x y z
θ θ θ = ° = ° = ° !

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 184.


Given:

2 2
0 9 9
ft/s , 36 ft, 144 ft, 27 ft/s a kt x x v = = = =

2 3
0
0 0
1
3
t t
v v adt kt dt kt − = = =
∫ ∫

Velocity:

3
0
1
3
v v kt = +

4
0 0
0
1
12
t
x x v dt v t kt − = = +


Position:

4 4
0 0 0
1 1
36
12 12
x x v t kt v t kt = + + = + +

When
9 s, t =

144 ft and 27 ft/s x v = =

( ) ( )
4
0
1
36 9 9 144
12
v k + + =

or

0
9 546.75 108 v k + =

(1)


( )
3
0
1
9 27
3
v k + =


0
243 27 v k + =
(2)
Solving equations (1) and (2) simultaneously yields:
4
0
7 ft/s and 0.082305 f t/s v k = =

Then,

4
36 7 0.00686 ft x t t = + + W


3
7 0.0274 ft/s v t = + W


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 185.

(a) Determination of k.

From

( )
,
0.6 1
dv dv
dv adt dt
a kv
= = =


Integrating, using the condition 0 v = when 0, t =

( )
( ) ( )
0 0 0
0
1 1
or ln 1 ln 1
0.6 1 0.6 0.6
v t t v dv
dt t kv t kv
kv k k
= = − − = − −


∫ ∫
(1)

Using 20 s when 6 mm/s, t v = = ( )
1
20 ln 1 6
0.6
k
k
= − −


Solving by trial,

0.1328 s/m k = W

(b) Position when 7.5 m/s. v =

From , v dv a dx =

( ) 0.6 1
v dv v dv
dx
a kv
= =


Integrating, using the condition 6 m x = when 0, v =
( )
6 0
0.6 1
x v v dv
dx
kv
=

∫ ∫


( )
0
0
1 1 1 1
6 1 ln 1
0.6 1 0.6
v
v
x dv v kv
k kv k k
| |

− = − + = − − −
|



\ .



( )
1 1
6 ln 1
0.6
x v kv
k k

= − + −




COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Using 7.5 m/s v = and the determined value of k:

( )( )
( )( ) ( )
1 1
6 7.5 ln 1 0.1328 7.5
0.6 0.1328 0.1328
x

= − + −


434 m x = W
(c) Maximum velocity occurs when a = 0.
max
1 1
0.1328
v
k
= =
max
7.53 m/s v = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 186.


Constant acceleration.

0
25 mi/h 36.667 ft/s v = =


65 mi/h 95.333 ft/s
f
v = =


0
0 and 0.1 mi 528 ft
f
x x = = =

( )
2 2
0 0
2
f f
v v a x x = + −

(a) Acceleration.
( )
( )
2 2
2 2
0 2
0
95.333 36.667
7.3333 ft/s
2 528 0 2
f
f
v v
a
x x


= = =
− −


2
7.33 ft/s a = W

(b) Time to reach 65 mph.
0 f f
v v at = +


0
95.333 36.667
7.3333
f
f
v v
t
a


= = 8.00 s
f
t = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 187.


Let x be position relative to the fixed supports, taken positive if downward.
Constraint of cable on left: 2 3 constant
A B
x x + =
2 2
2 3 0, or , and
3 3
A B B A B A
v v v v a a + = = − = −
Constraint of cable on right: 2 constant
B C
x x + =
1 1 1
2 0, or , and
2 3 3
B C C B A C A
v v v v v a a + = = − = =
Block C moves downward; hence, block A also moves downward.
(a) Accelerations.
( )
( )
2 0
0
456 0
or 38.0 mm/s
12
A A
A A A A
v v
v v a T a
t


= + = = =

2
38.0 mm/s
A
= a W
( )
2
2 2
38.0 25.3 mm/s
3 3
B A
a a
⎛ ⎞
= − = − = −
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠

2
25.3 mm/s
B
= a W
( )
2
1 1
38.0 12.67 mm/s
3 3
C A
a a
⎛ ⎞
= = =
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠

2
12.67 mm/s
C
= a W
(b) Velocity and change in position of B after 8 s.
( ) ( )( )
0
0 25.3 8 203 mm/s
B B B
v v a t = + = + − = −
203 mm/s
B
= v W
( ) ( ) ( )( )
2
2
0 0
1 1
0 25.3 8 811 mm
2 2
B B B B
x x v t a t − = + = + − = −
811 mm
B
x Δ = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 188.

(a) Construction of the curves.
Construct the a t − curve. slope of curve a v t = −
0 10 s: t < < 10 s, t ∆ = 0 v ∆ = 0
v
a
t

= =


10 s 26 s: t < < 16 s, t ∆ = 80 m/s v ∆ = −
2
5 m/s
v
a
t

= = −


26 s 41 s: t < < 15 s, t ∆ = 0 v ∆ = 0
v
a
t

= =


41 s 46 s: t < < 5 s, t ∆ = 15 m/s v ∆ =
2
3 m/s
v
a
t

= =


46 s 50 s: t < < 4 s, t ∆ = 0 v ∆ = 0
v
a
t

= =



Construct the curve. x t − area of curve. x v t ∆ = −
x is maximum or minimum where 0. v =
For 10 s 26 s, t ≤ ≤ ( ) 60 5 10 v t = − −
0 v = when 60 5 50 0 or 22 s t t − + = =
Also
0
540 m x = −
0 to 10 s ( )( ) 10 60 600 m x ∆ = =
10
540 600 60 m x = − + =
10 s to 22 s ( )( )
1
12 60 360 m
2
x ∆ = =
22
60 360 420 m x = + =
22 s to 26 s ( )( )
1
4 20 40 m
2
x ∆ = − = −
26
420 40 380 m x = − =


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


26 s to 41 s ( )( ) 15 20 300 m x ∆ = − = −
41
380 300 80 m x = − =
41 s to 46 s ( )
20 5
5 62.5 m
2
x
− −  
∆ = = −
 
 

46
80 62.5 17.5 m x = − =
46 s to 50 s ( )( ) 4 5 20 m x ∆ = − = −
50
17.5 20 2.5 m x = − = −

(b) Total distance traveled.
( )
1 22 0
0 22 s, 420 540 960 m t d x x ≤ ≤ = − = − − =

2 50 22
22 s 50 s, 2.5 420 422.5 t d x x ≤ ≤ = − = − − =
Total:
1 2
1382.5 m d d d = + = 1383 m d = W
(c) Times when 0. x =
For 0 10 s, t ≤ ≤ 540 60 m x t = − +
At 0, x = 540 60 0 t − + = 9 s t = W
For 46 s 50, t ≤ ≤ ( ) 17.5 5 46 m x t = − −
At 0, x = ( ) 17.5 5 46 0 46 3.5 t t − − = − = 49.5 s t = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 189.

















( ) ( )
0 0
100 km/h 27.778 m/s 25 km/h 6.944 m/s
A B
v v = = = =

Sketch acceleration curve for car B over 0 5 s. t < <
Using moment-area formula at 5 s. t =
( ) ( ) ( )( )( )
( )( )
0
2
5 2.5
70 6.944 5 12.5
2.822 m/s
B B o B
B
B
x x v t a
a
a
− = +
= +
=

Determine when reaches 100 km/h. B

( ) ( )
2
0
27.778 6.944 2.822
7.38 s
B B
f
B
B
v v A
t
t
= +
= +
=

( )( )
2
2.822 7.38 20.83 m/s A = =
Then, ( ) ( )
2
0 0
2
B
B B B B
t
x x v t A = + + by moment-area formula
and ( ) ( )
0 0
A A A B
x x v t = +
Subtracting, ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
2
0 0 0 0
2
B
B A B A B A B
t
x x x x v v t A
⎡ ⎤
− = − + − +
⎣ ⎦

Then, ( )( ) ( )
7.38
120 6.944 27.778 7.38 20.83
2
B A
x x
⎛ ⎞
− = + − +
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠


/
Car is ahead of car . 43.1 m
B A
B A x = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 190.


(a) Vertical motion:
0
1.5 m, y =
( )
0
0
y
v =

( )
( )
0 2
0
0
2
1
or
2
y
y y
y y v t gt t
g

= + − =
At point B,
( )
0
2
or
B
y h
y h t
g

= =
When 788 mm 0.788 m, h = =
( )( ) 2 1.5 0.788
0.3810 s
9.81
B
t

= =
When 1068 mm 1.068 m, h = =
( )( ) 2 1.5 1.068
0.2968 s
9.81
B
t

= =
Horizontal motion: ( )
0 0
0
0, ,
x
x v v = =
0 0
or
B
B
x x
x v t v
t t
= = =
With 12.2 m,
B
x =
0
12.2
we get 32.02 m/s
0.3810
v = =

0
12.2
and 41.11 m/s
0.2968
v = =

0
32.02 m/s 41.11 m/s v ≤ ≤ or
0
115.3 km/h 148.0 km/h v ≤ ≤ W
(b) Vertical motion:
( )
0
y y
v v gt gt = − = −
Horizontal motion:
0 x
v v =

( )
( )
0
tan
y
B B
x
B
v
dy gt
dx v v
α = − = − =
For 0.788 m, h =
( )( ) 9.81 0.3810
tan 0.11673,
32.02
α = = 6.66 α = ° W
For 1.068 m, h =
( )( ) 9.81 0.2968
tan 0.07082,
41.11
α = = 4.05 α = ° W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 191.


The horizontal and vertical components of velocity are
0
0
sin15
cos15
x
y
v v
v v gt
= °
= ° −

At point B,
0
0
sin15
tan12
cos15
x
y
v v
v v gt
°
= = − °
° −

or
0 0
sin15 cos15 tan12 tan12 v v gt ° + ° ° = °
0
0.46413 tan12 v gt = °
0
2.1836
v
t
g
=
Vertical motion:
( )
2
0 0
2
2
2
0 0
2
0
1
cos15
2
1
2.1836cos15 2.1836
2
0.27486
y y v t gt
v v
g
g g
v
g
− = ° −
⎛ ⎞
= ° −
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠
= −

( ) ( )( )
2
0 0
2 2
8
3.638 3.638 32.2 0
12
78.10 ft / s
v g y y
⎛ ⎞
= − − = − − −
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠
=


0
8.84 ft /s v = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 192.












First determine the velocity
C
v of the coal at the point where the coal
impacts on the belt.
Horizontal motion: ( ) ( )
0
1.8cos50
C C
x x
v v
⎡ ⎤
= = − °
⎣ ⎦

1.1570 m/s = −
Vertical motion: ( ) ( ) ( )
2
2
0
0
2
C C
y y
v v g y y
⎡ ⎤
= − −
⎣ ⎦


( ) ( )( )( )
( )
2
2 2
1.8sin50 2 9.81 1.5
31.331 m / s
5.5974 m/s
C
y
v
= ° − −
=
= −

( ) ( )
2 2
2 2 2
5.5974
tan 4.8379, 78.32
1.1570
32.669 m /s
C C C
x y
v v v
β β

= = = °

= + =

5.7156 m/s, 5.7156 m/s
C C
v = = v 78.32°
or ( ) ( ) 1.1570 m/s 5.5974 m/s
C
= − + − v i j
Velocity of the belt: ( ) cos10 sin10
B B
v = − ° + ° v i j
Relative velocity: ( )
/ C B C B C B
= − = + − v v v v v
(a)
/ C B
v is vertical.
( ) /
0
C B
x
v =
( ) ( )
/
1.1570 cos10 0, 1.175 m/s
C B B B
x
v v v = − − − ° = =
1.175 m/s
B
= v 10 ° W
(b)
/ C B
v is minimum. Sketch the vector addition as shown.
2 2 2
/
2 cos 88.32
B C B C B C
v v v v v = + − °
Set the derivative with respect to
B
v equal to zero.
2 2 cos88.32 0
B C
v v − ° =
cos88.32 0.1676 m/s
B C
v v = ° = 0.1676 m/s
B
= v 10 ° W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.


Chapter 11, Solution 193.


Given: ( ) ( )
2
0
0, 0.8 in./s
A
A A
t
dv
v a
dt
= = =
Then, ( ) ( )
0
0.8
A A A
t
v v a t t = + =
(a) 0, t = ( )
2
0, 0
A
A A
n
v
v a
ρ
= = =
( )
A A
t
a a =
2
0.800 in./s
A
a = W
(b) 2 s, t = ( )( ) 0 0.8 2 1.6 in./s
A
v = + =
( )
( )
2
2
2
1.6
0.731 in./s
3.5
A
A
n
v
a
ρ
= = =
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
1/2 1/2
2 2 2 2
0.8 0.731
A A A
t n
a a a
⎡ ⎤ ⎡ ⎤
= + = +
⎢ ⎥ ⎢ ⎥
⎣ ⎦ ⎣ ⎦

2
1.084 in./s
A
a = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 194.








(a) At point A.
A
a g =
2
9.81m/s =
Sketch tangential and normal components of acceleration at A.
( ) cos50
A
n
a g = °

( )
( )
2
2
2
9.81cos50
A
A
A
n
v
a
ρ = =
°
0.634 m
A
ρ = W
(b) At point B, 1 meter below point A.
Horizontal motion: ( ) ( ) 2cos50 1.286 m/s
B A
x x
v v = = ° =
Vertical motion: ( ) ( ) ( )
2 2
2
B A y B A
y y
v v a y y = + −

( ) ( )( )( )
2
2 2
2cos 40 2 9.81 1
21.97 m /s
= ° + − −
=

( ) 4.687 m/s
B
y
v =
( )
( )
4.687
tan , or 74.6
1.286
B
y
B
x
v
v
θ θ = = = °

cos74.6
B
a g = °

( )
( ) ( )
2 2
2
cos74.6
B B
x y
B
B
B
n
v v
v
a g
ρ
+
= =
°


( )
2
1.286 21.97
9.81cos74.6
+
=
°
9.07 m
B
ρ = W

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Chapter 11, Solution 195.


Differentiate the expressions for r and θ with respect to time.
( )
2
6 4 2 ft, 12 ft/s, 12 ft/s
t t t
r e r e r e
− − −
= − = = − & &&
( ) ( )
2 2 2 2
2 2 4 rad, 2 2 8 rad/s 32 rad/s
t t t
t e e e θ θ θ
− − −
= + = − =
& &&

(a) At 0 s, t =
2
12 ft, 12 ft/s, 12 ft/s r r r = = = − & &&

2
8 rad, 12 rad/s, 32 rad/s θ θ θ = = − =
& &&

12 ft/s, 144 ft/s
r
v r v r
θ
θ = = = = −
&
&
( ) ( ) 12 ft/s 144 ft/s
r θ
= − v e e W
( )( )
( )( ) ( )( )( )
2
2 2
2
12 12 12 1740 ft/s
2 12 32 2 12 12 96 ft/s
r
a r r
a r r
θ
θ
θ θ
= − = − − = −
= + = + − =
&
&&
&& &
&


( ) ( )
2 2
1740 ft/s 96 ft/s
r θ
= − + a e e W
(b) At t , ∞


t
e
− 2
0 and
t
e

0
24 ft, 0, 0 r r r ≈ ≈ ≈ & &&
4 rad, 4 rad/s, 0 t θ θ θ ≈ ≈ ≈
& &&

0, 96 rad/s
r
v r v r
θ
θ = ≈ = ≈
&
&
( ) 96 ft/s
θ
= v e W
( )( )
2
2 2
24 4 384 ft/s , 0
r
a r r a
θ
θ ≈ − = − = − ≈
&
&&


( )
2
384 ft/s
r
= − a e W

The particle is moving on a circular path of radius of 24 ft and with a speed of 96 ft/s. The acceleration is the
normal acceleration
( )
2
2 2
96
/ 384 ft/s
24
v r = = directed toward the center of the circle.


COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 11, Solution 2.
x = t3 − (t − 2) m
2

v= a= (a) Time at a = 0.

dx = 3t 2 − 2 ( t − 2 ) m/s dt dv = 6t − 2 m/s 2 dt

0 = 6t0 − 2 = 0 t0 = 1 3

t0 = 0.333 s

(b)

Corresponding position and velocity.
⎛1⎞ ⎛1 ⎞ x = ⎜ ⎟ − ⎜ − 2 ⎟ = − 2.741 m ⎝3⎠ ⎝3 ⎠
3 2

x = − 2.74 m

⎛1⎞ ⎛1 ⎞ v = 3 ⎜ ⎟ − 2 ⎜ − 2 ⎟ = 3.666 m/s ⎝3⎠ ⎝3 ⎠

2

v = 3.67 m/s

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 11, Solution 3.
Position:
Velocity: x = 5t 4 − 4t 3 + 3t − 2 ft v= a= dx = 20t 3 − 12t 2 + 3 ft/s dt dv = 60t 2 − 24t ft/s 2 dt

Acceleration:
When t = 2 s,

x = ( 5 )( 2 ) − ( 4 )( 2 ) − ( 3)( 2 ) − 2 v = ( 20 )( 2 ) − (12 )( 2 ) + 3 a = ( 60 )( 2 ) − ( 24 )( 2 )
2 3 2

4

3

x = 52 ft v = 115 ft/s a = 192 ft/s 2

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 11, Solution 4.
Position:
Velocity: x = 6t 4 + 8t 3 − 14t 2 − 10t + 16 in.

v=
a=

dx = 24t 3 + 24t 2 − 28t − 10 in./s dt
dv = 72t 2 + 48t − 28 in./s 2 dt

Acceleration:
When t = 3 s,

x = ( 6 )( 3) + ( 8 )( 3) − (14 )( 3) − (10 )( 3) + 16 v = ( 24 )( 3) + ( 24 )( 3) − ( 28 )( 3) − 10 a = ( 72 )( 3) + ( 48 )( 3) − 28
2 3 2

4

3

2

x = 562 in. ! v = 770 in./s ! a = 764 in./s 2 !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

0 × 103 mm/s 2 ! v = ( 500 )(10 ) cos ( 0.5 rad x = 500sin ( 0. x = 240 mm ! v = 4390 mm/s ! a = − 24. Solution 5.05 ) = 0. 8/e. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Beer.05 s. Eisenberg. E. Elliot R.. Clausen.5 ) dx = 500k cos kt mm/s dt dv = − 500k 2 sin kt mm /s 2 dt Acceleration: When t = 0. William E. . David Mazurek. Phillip J.5 ) 2 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.5 ) a = − ( 500 )(10 ) sin ( 0. Position: Velocity: x = 500sin kt mm v= a= and k = 10 rad/s kt = (10 )( 0. Ferdinand P.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Russell Johnston. Jr.

values of cosθ are: t (s) 0 0 1. Solution 6.5 0.375 0.5 rad x = 50sin ( 0.0 0 1..0 θ ( rad ) cosθ 0. For t = 1 s. Beer. David Mazurek.0 0. Elliot R.5 )( −1) − 50sin ( 0.5 )(1) = 0. Eisenberg.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. . 8/e.0 mm a = − 43. Russell Johnston.5t 2 rad and d 2θ = −1 rad/s 2 dt 2 Position: Velocity: Acceleration: dx dθ = 50cosθ mm/s dt dt dv a= dt a = 50cosθ d 2θ ⎛ dθ ⎞ 2 − 50sin θ ⎜ ⎟ mm/s dt ⎠ dt 2 ⎝ either cosθ = 0 t =1s 2 When v = 0. E.5 )( 0 ) 2 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.931 No solutions cosθ = 0 in this range.878 1. Position: Where Let x = 50sin k1t − k2t 2 mm k1 = 1 rad/s dθ = (1 − t ) rad/s dt x = 50sin θ mm v= and k2 = 0. Ferdinand P.375 0. θ = 1 − ( 0. or dθ =1− t = 0 dt Over 0 ≤ t ≤ 2 s. Phillip J. Jr. William E.0 0. Clausen.5 0.9 mm/s 2 a = 50cos ( 0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.5 rad/s 2 ( ) θ = k1t − k2t 2 = t − 0.5 ) x = 24.5 1.981 2.

x is increasing. Given: Differentiate twice. David Mazurek. At t = 1 s At t = 3 s At t = 5 s d1 = x1 − x0 = 9 − 5 = 4 ft d3 = d1 + x3 − x1 = 4 + 5 − 9 = 8 ft d5 = d3 + x5 − x3 = 8 + 25 − 5 = 28 ft d5 = 28 ft Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Solution 7. William E. Eisenberg. E. x = t 3 − 6t 2 + 9t + 5 v= a= (a) When velocity is zero.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. 8/e. x1 = (1) − ( 6 )(1) + ( 9 )(1) + 5 = 9 ft 3 2 x is increasing. Clausen. Jr. Position at t = 3 s. Elliot R. x5 = ( 5 ) − ( 6 )( 5 ) + ( 9 )( 5 ) + 5 3 2 x5 = 25 ft a5 = 18 ft/s 2 Acceleration at t = 5 s. x3 = ( 3) − ( 6 )( 3) + ( 9 )( 3) + 5 = 5 ft 3 2 Distance traveled. Beer. Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.. x0 = 5 ft Over 0 ≤ t < 1 s Over 1 s < t < 3 s Over 3 s < t ≤ 5 s Position at t = 1 s. x is decreasing. Russell Johnston. dx = 3t 2 − 12t + 9 dt dv = 6t − 12 dt v=0 3t 2 − 12t + 9 = 3 ( t − 1)( t − 3) = 0 t = 1 s and t = 3 s (b) Position at t = 5 s. Ferdinand P. . a5 = ( 6 )( 5 ) − 12 Position at t = 0.

944 ft d3 = 8 − 8. Beer. Jr.879 ft x1 = 1. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. E.879 ft Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Distances traveled. Phillip J.879 − 1.935 ft x2 = 8. Clausen. Ferdinand P. Elliot R.1315 s and t2 = 3. William E.. At t2 = 3.935 ft x2 = 8. d1 = 1.879 = 0.935 = 6. Solution 8. At t = t4 = 4 s.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. (b) Total distance traveled.535 s At t1 = 1. 0 to t1: t1 to t2: t2 to t4: Adding.535 s. At t = t0 = 0. 8/e. David Mazurek. Eisenberg.065 ft d 2 = 8. .89 ft x0 = 8 ft x4 = 8 ft x1 = 1. dx 2 = 2t − 3 ( t − 2 ) ft/s dt 2t − 3 ( t − 2 ) = − 3t 2 + 14t − 12 = 0 2 t= −14 ± (14) 2 − (4)(− 3)(−12) (2)(− 3) t1 = 1.1315 s.879 ft d = d1 + d 2 + d3 d = 13.935 − 8 = 6. Russell Johnston. x = t 2 − ( t − 2 ) ft 3 v= (a) Positions at v = 0.

a = 3e− 0. William E. Solution 9. ( ) ( ) v = 1.5 s.2t − 1 = 15 1 − e− 0. . Jr.2t dt 0 v t 3 = e− 0.2t − 5 At t = 0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.363 ft Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Clausen.1 ( ) t ∫ 0 dx = ∫ 0 v dt x − 0 = 15∫ 1 − e t 0 x t ( − 0. David Mazurek. Beer.427 ft/s v = 15 1 − e− 0.1 − 5 ( ) x = 0.2t − 0.2 ⎝ ⎠0 x = 15 t + 5e− 0.2t ) 1 − 0. Eisenberg. Ferdinand P.. E. Elliot R. 8/e.2t At t = 0.2 t 0 v = −15 e− 0. ( ) x = 15 0.2t ∫ 0 dv = ∫ 0 a dt v −0=∫ t 3e− 0. Russell Johnston.5 s. Phillip J.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.5 + 5e− 0.2t ⎞ ⎛ dt = 15 ⎜ t + e ⎟ 0.

5985 ft v = 0.4 ( cos kt − 1) = 1. Ferdinand P. Beer.598 ft Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.8 ft/s. Eisenberg. William E.5 s.5 ) = 1.8 sin kt k t 0 1. Solution 10.8cos kt ft/s x − x0 = ∫ 0 v dt = 1. 5. Elliot R. x0 = 0. . Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. t t v0 = 1.6sin1. 8/e.5 = 0.5 = 0.8cos kt − 1.8cos1. David Mazurek.8 ( sin kt − 0 ) = 0.8 3 v = 1.4 cos kt k t k = 3 rad/s v − v0 = ∫ 0 a dt = − 5.6sin kt ft kt = ( 3)( 0.1273 ft/s x = 0.8 ∫ 0 cos kt dt = x−0= t t 1.1273 ft/s x = 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Phillip J. Russell Johnston.. x = 0.8 = Velocity: 0 5. Given: a = − 5. E. Jr. Clausen.5 rad v = 1.4 ∫ 0 sin kt dt = v − 1.4sin kt ft/s 2 .6sin kt 3 Position: When t = 0.

08cos kt − 1.32 sin kt k t 0 3. Phillip J.393 ft ! Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Clausen.24 cos kt k t 0 − 4.32 ( cos kt − 1) − ( sin kt − 0 ) 3 3 = 1.36sin kt + 0.44 ∫ 0 sin kt dt x − 0.5 = 0.08cos1.24 ∫ 0 sin kt dt − 4. Eisenberg.36sin kt + 0. Ferdinand P..08 ft/s t t v − v0 = ∫ 0 a dt = − 3.08 sin kt k t 0 t t t + 1.393 ft v = −1.5 ) = 1.5 rad v = 1. Elliot R.32 ∫ 0 cos kt dt v − 1. x0 = 0. Beer.44sin kt ft/s x − x0 = ∫ 0 v dt = 1. Solution 11.48cos kt − 0. William E.36sin1. Russell Johnston.08 1. David Mazurek.44sin1.24 4.48cos kt ft kt = ( 3)( 0. x = 0.44 cos kt k t 0 1.44sin kt Velocity: v = 1.5 s.360 ft/s x = 0.08 − 1. E. Given: a = − 3.48 ft.5 − 1.08 ∫ 0 cos kt dt − 1.48 = = 1.32 cos kt ft/s 2 .44 ( sin kt − 0 ) + ( cos kt − 1) 3 3 = 0. .48 Position: When t = 0.5 + 0.08 = = 3.08cos kt − 1.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.5 = −1.24sin kt − 4. t k = 3 rad/s v0 = 1.48cos1. 8/e. Jr. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.360 ft/s ! x = 0.

651 s. At t = 3. William E. x = 500 mm v = 370 mm/s. Russell Johnston. Given: At t = 0. x is decreasing.651 ≤ t ≤ 7 s.651) − (10 )( 3. x7 = − 520 mm d1 = xmax − x0 = 973.651 s and and x is increasing. v>0 v<0 t = 3.7 mm x = x7 = ( 400 )( 7 ) − (10 )( 7 ) + 110 3 3 At t = 7 s. . Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.7 mm d = d1 + d 2 = 2577. When v = 0. Clausen. 8/e. Jr. x t t 2 ∫ 500 dx = ∫ 1 v dt = ∫ 1 ( 400 − 30t ) dt x − 500 = 400t − 10t 3 ( ) t 1 = 400t − 10t 3 − 390 Position: At t = 0. v7 = −1070 mm/s Then t 2 = 13. where k is a constant.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Eisenberg. 2 k = − 60 mm/s3 v = 400 − 30t 2 mm/s v7 = 400 − ( 30 )( 7 ) 2 At t = 7 s. Beer.4 mm d = 2580 mm Over 3. David Mazurek.333 s2 . a = kt mm/s 2 at t = 1 s. For t > 3. x = 400t − 10t 3 + 110 mm x = x0 = 110 mm x = xmax = ( 400 )( 3.651 s. Distances traveled: Over 0 ≤ t ≤ 3. Solution 12. For 0 ≤ t ≤ 3. Ferdinand P.651 s. Total distance traveled: Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. E. Phillip J.7 mm d 2 = xmax − x7 = 1603. 400 − 30t 2 = 0.. v = 400 mm/s.651) + 110 = 1083.651 s. Elliot R. 1 v t t 2 ∫ 400 dv = ∫ 0 a dt = ∫ 0 kt dt = 2 kt v − 400 = 1 2 kt 2 or v = 400 + 1 2 kt 2 At t = 1 s. Thus v = 400 + 1 2 k (1) = 370.

For 0 ≤ t ≤ 3.15 dv = ∫ 2 a dt = ∫ 2 0.00 s. Eisenberg. Elliot R..300 m/s x is decreasing.375 m 2 x5 = −10.975 m d = 0.075t 2 − 0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.15t − 0.45 )( 3.075 )( 5 ) − ( 0.00 ) − 10 = −10. When v = 0.15 ) = 0.38 m At t = 0.075t 2 − 0.075 t 2 − 0.00 ) − ( 0. 8/e. v5 = ( 0. Determine velocity.15t − ( 0. E. William E. Over 3. x5 = ( 0. Beer.45 = 0 v ≤ 0.300 m d = d1 + d 2 = 0. v ≥ 0. x0 = −10 m (given) x3 = xmin = ( 0.075 )( 3.15t − 0. . Ferdinand P. x t t ∫ −10 dx = ∫ 0 v dt = ∫ 0 ( 0. Clausen. Total distance traveled: d1 = x0 − xmin = 0. Phillip J.45t − 10 m At t = 5 s. Distances traveled: Over 0 ≤ t ≤ 3.45 0.00 s. Solution 13.45t x = 0.15 )( 5 ) − 0. v t t ∫ − 0.00 s.675 m d 2 = x5 − xmin = 0. Russell Johnston.00 s v5 = 0.675 mm 2 At t = 3.45 m/s At t = 5 s.15 )( 2 ) v = 0.00 s < t < 5 s. Determine position.45t ( ) t 0 = 0. David Mazurek.15t − 0.975 m Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.00 ≤ t ≤ 5 s.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.45) dt x − ( −10 ) = 0. For 3.15 dt v − ( −0. x is increasing. Jr.45 )( 5 ) − 10 = −10. t = 3.

so x is increasing. Clausen.25 m d 4 = d3 + x4 − x3 = 20. David Mazurek.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. ⎛9⎞ 2 ⎛1⎞ 4 x3 = 5 + ⎜ ⎟ ( 3) − ⎜ ⎟ ( 3) = 25. 8/e. E. Given: Separate variables and integrate. Russell Johnston. Eisenberg. Jr. v = t 9 − t2 ( ) t =3s x t t 3 ∫ 5 dx = ∫ 0 v dt = ∫ 0 ( 9t − t ) dt x−5= 9 2 1 4 t − t 2 4 9 2 1 4 t − t 2 4 x=5+ At t = 4 s. Elliot R. . v is negative. Over 3 s < t ≤ 4 s. Beer. t (9 − t 2 ) = 0 t = 0 and t = 3 s (2 roots) (b) Position and velocity at t = 4 s. At t = 3 s At t = 4 s v is positive. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Over 0 < t < 3 s. At t = 3 s.5 m Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. William E. ⎛9⎞ 2 ⎛1⎞ 4 x4 = 5 + ⎜ ⎟ ( 4 ) − ⎜ ⎟ ( 4 ) ⎝2⎠ ⎝4⎠ v4 = ( 4 ) 9 − 42 x4 = 13 m v4 = − 28 m/s ( ) (c) Distance traveled.25 − 5 = 20.5 m d 4 = 32.25 = 32.25 m ⎝2⎠ ⎝4⎠ d3 = x3 − x0 = 25. Ferdinand P.25 + 13 − 25. so x is decreasing. Solution 14.. v t 2 ∫ 0 dv = ∫ a dt = ∫ 0 ( 9 − 3t ) dt = 9 a = 9 − 3t 2 v − 0 = 9 t − t3 (a) When v is zero. Phillip J.

. Elliot R.5 m/s 4 Using upper limit of v at t. E.. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.5 t 3 m/s Then. k= ( 3)( 20 ) 8 k = 7. Given: Separate variables Integrate using dv = kt2 dt v = –10 m/s when t = 0 and v = 10 m/s when t = 2 s. v v −10 1 = kt 3 3 t 0 ⎛1⎞ v + 10 = ⎜ ⎟ ( 7. 8/e.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.5 t 3 dt dx = −10 + 2.625 t 4 ⎤ ⎣ ⎦ 4 = ⎡ −10 t + 0. dx = v = −10 + 2. Equations of motion.5 t 3 dt t 2 t 2 ( ) ) x − 0 = ⎡ −10 t + 0. Ferdinand P. Beer. David Mazurek.625 t 4 − [ −10] x = 10 − 10t + 0. Russell Johnston. a= dv = kt 2 dt 10 2 2 ∫ −10 dv = ∫ 0 kt dt v 10 − 10 = 1 3 kt 3 1 t 0 [(10) − (−10)] = 3 k ⎡( 2 )3 − 0⎤ ⎢ ⎥ ⎣ ⎦ (a) (b) Solving for k.0625 t ⎦ − ⎡( −10 )( 2 ) + ( 0. Solution 15.625t 4 m Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.625 )( 2 ) ⎤ ⎢ ⎥ ⎣ ⎣ ⎦ 4⎤ = −10 t + 0. Phillip J. Jr.5 ) t 3 ⎝3⎠ v = −10 + 2.5 t 3 dt Separate variables and integrate using x = 0 when t = 2 s. Clausen. ( ∫ x dx 0 = ∫ −10 + 2. Eisenberg. William E.

William E.25 m Use v dv = a dx = 160 ( 0.3 m/s when x = 0.3 m/s when x = 0.25 − x ) vmax 0.25 − x )2 = −160 2 xm = − 80 ( 0.0981 m and 0. Beer. a = 40 − 160 x = 160 ( 0. 8/e.25 − xm )2 = 0.15 ) 0.25 − xm = ± 0.4 2 2 ( 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.402 m Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.4 160 ( 0.4 ⎡ ( − 0.921 m/s (b) Note that x is maximum or minimum when v = 0.25 − xm ) + ( 80 )( − 0. Clausen.3)2 0− 2 ( 0.25 − x ) with the limits v = 0.25 ∫ 0.3 v dv = ∫ 0.69 m 2 /s 2 vmax = 1.32 − = −160 2 2 2 2 0. David Mazurek. Solution 16. Phillip J.. .25 − x ) (a) Note that v is maximum when a = 0. 0 and v = 0 when x = xm ∫ 0.8 ⎥ = −160 ⎢0 − 2 ⎢ ⎥ ⎣ ⎦ 2 vmax = 3. Use v dv = a dx = 160 ( 0. Elliot R. Russell Johnston. Ferdinand P.15)2 ⎤ = 1.4 160 ( 0. E.25 − x ) dx with the limits v = 0.25 − x ) dx xm ( 0. Note that a is a given function of x. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.1519 m xm = 0.25 0.4 m. Jr. Eisenberg.4 m and v = vmax when x = 0.02306 0.3 v dv = ∫ 0.25 − x ) dx 2 ( 0.25 m vmax 0. or x = 0.

Elliot R.25 − x ) 2 Integrate: 0.2100 ( 0. π 2 m 10t π  u = sin  m 10t  = cos ( ± 10t ) = cos10t 2  u = cos 10t = 20 ( 0. Ferdinand P.25 − x ) m/s 2 Use v dv = a dx = 100 ( 0. Jr.25 − x ) Use dx = v dt t x ∫ 0 dt = ± ∫ 0..25 − x ) dx with limits v = 0 when x = 0. E.2 x = − 50 ( 0.5 1 − 400 ( 0. David Mazurek.2 u = 1 u 1 and du = − 20dx u 1 1  −1 π = m sin −1 u = m t = m∫  sin u −  2 10 10  2 10 1 − u 1 du sin −1 u = Solve for u. . a is a function of x: a = 100 ( 0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Phillip J.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.25 − x ) .25 − x ) 2 or dt = dx dx dx = 2 v ± 0.5 1 − 400 ( 0. 8/e.25 − x ) dx v x 1 2 1 2 v − 0 = − (100 )( 0.25 − x ) + 0.2 2 or v = ± 0. Clausen. William E.5 1 − 400 ( 0.25 − x ) 2 2 0. Russell Johnston.25 − 100 ( 0.125 2 So v 2 = 0. So when x = 0.2 m ∫ 0 v dv = ∫ 0. Beer. Eisenberg.25 − x ) Let u = 20 ( 0.25 − x ) continued Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Solution 17.

1 cos10t 20 1 sin10t 2 1 cos ( (10 )( 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Solve for x and v. x = 0. Jr. Elliot R. E. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. . Ferdinand P. David Mazurek.. Phillip J. William E.2 ) ) 2 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.2 ) ) 20 x = 0. 8/e. Russell Johnston. Clausen. Eisenberg.25 − v= 1 sin ( (10 )( 0.271 m v = 0. Beer.455 m/s x = 0.2 s.25 − v= Evaluate at t = 0.

Note that a is a given function of x Use Using the limits and v dv = a dx = 600 x 1 + kx 2 dx = 600 x + 600kx3 dx v = 7. . Jr.45 ft.5)2 2 = ( 300 )( 0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. William E.45 ( 600x + 600kx ) dx 0.5 ⎡ 600 2 600 4 ⎤ =⎢ x + kx ⎥ 4 ⎣ 2 ⎦ 2 (15)2 2 − ( 7.45 0 7.45 ) + (150 ) k ( 0. David Mazurek. 3 ( ) ( ) ∫ 7. Russell Johnston.75 + 6. k = 3.84 ft −2 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Ferdinand P.5 v dv = ∫ 0 ⎡ v2 ⎤ ⎢ ⎥ ⎣2⎦ 15 15 0. 8/e.45 ) 4 84.1509k Solving for k . E. Solution 18. Clausen.375 = 60. Eisenberg. Beer. Phillip J.. Elliot R. when x = 0.5 ft/s v = 15 ft/s when x = 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.

8/e.52 ft/s ( ) Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.25 ± 0 3200 u1 = u2 = − 0. v 2 = 1600 ( u + 0. Ferdinand P. Note that a is a given function of x.2 = − 800 ± (800 )2 − ( 4 )(1600 )(100 ) ( 2 )(1600 ) = − 800 ± 0 = − 0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Beer.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Use v dv = a dx = 800 x + 3200 x3 dx ( ) Using the limit v = 10 ft/s when x = 0. William E. E. Solution 19.25 ) = 1600 x 2 + 0. Clausen.. Let u = x 2 v 2 = 1600u 2 + 800u + 100 = 1600 ( u − u1 )( u − u2 ) . Eisenberg. Elliot R. Jr. Russell Johnston. v x 3 ∫10 v dv = ∫ 0 ( 800 x + 3200 x ) dx v 2 (10 ) − = 400 x 2 + 800 x 4 2 2 2 v 2 = 1600 x 4 + 800 x 2 + 100 Then where u1 and u2 are the roots of Solving the quadratic equation.52 2 ( ) 2 ft 2 /s 2 v = ± 40 x 2 + 0. .25 ft 2 So Taking square roots. Phillip J. 1600u 2 + 800u + 100 = 0 u1. David Mazurek.

.0 rad v = 10sec2 (1. Ferdinand P. v = 10 sec 2 ( 20t ) ft/s.5 x + 0.779 ft Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.52 2 Use limit x=0 when 40∫ 0 dt = ± ∫ 0 x dx 1 x =± tan −1 2 0.5 0.5 sec2 ( 20t )  ( 20 ) = ± 10 sec2 ( 20t )   dt At t = 0.0 v = 34..0 ) and x = 0. Russell Johnston.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Use dx = v dt or dt = dx dx =± 2 v 40 x + 0. Beer. David Mazurek.5 tan ( 20t ) ft 10 cos 2 1. which agrees with the given data if the minus sign is rejected.52 ( ) t=0 40dt = ± t dx x + 0.5 tan (1. Jr. Eisenberg. At t = 0.0 tan −1 ( 2 x ) 2 x = ± tan ( 20t ) v= or or tan −1 ( 2 x ) = ± 20t x = ± 0. E. v = ± 10 ft/s. 8/e. Phillip J. William E. 20t = 1. Clausen.0 ) = x = 0. Elliot R.5 tan ( 20t ) dx = ± 0. Thus.05 s.5 2 40t = ± 2. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.3 ft/s x = 0.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 11, Solution 20.
Note that a is a given function of x.
7  a = 12 x − 28 = 12  x −  m/s 2 3 

7  Use v dv = a dx = 12  x −  dx with the limits v = 8 m/s when x = 0. 3 

v v dv 8

7 = 12∫ −  dx 3 

x x 0

 v2     2  

v

8

12  7 = x −  2 3

2

x

0

2 2 v 2 82 12  7 7  − =  x −  −    2 2 2  3 3    2 2 2  7 7 4 7   v = 8 + 12  x −  −    = 12  x −  − 3 3 3 3      2 2

7 4  v = ± 12  x −  − 3 3  Reject minus sign to get v = 8 m/s at x = 0.

2

(a) Maximum value of x.

v = 0 when x = xmax

7 4  12  x −  − = 0 3 3 
x− 7 1 =± 3 3

2

or

7 1  x − 3 = 9  
and xmax = 8 2 m=2 m 3 3

2

xmax = 2 m

Now observe that the particle starts at x = 0 with v > 0 and reaches x = 2 m. At x = 2 m, v = 0 and 2 a < 0, so that v becomes negative and x decreases. Thus, x = 2 m is never reached. 3 xmax = 2 m !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

(b) Velocity when total distance traveled is 3 m.

The particle will have traveled total distance d = 3 m when d − xmax = xmax − x or 3 − 2 = 2 − x or x = 1 m.
7 4  Using v = − 12  x −  − , which applies when x is decreasing, we get 3 3  7 4  v = − 12 1 −  − = − 20 3 3 
2 2

v = − 4.47 m/s !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 11, Solution 21.
Note that a is a function of x.
a = k 1 − e− x

(

)

Use v dv = a dx = k 1 − e− x dx with the limits v = 9 m/s when x = −3 m, and v = 0 when x = 0.
0 0 −x ∫ 9 v dv = ∫ − 3 k (1 − e ) dx

(

)

⎛ v2 ⎞ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ 2⎟ ⎝ ⎠

0

= k x + e− x
9

(

)

0

−3

0− (a)

92 = k ⎡0 + 1 − ( − 3) − e3 ⎤ = −16.0855k ⎣ ⎦ 2 k = 2.5178 k = 2.52 m/s 2

Use v dv = a dx = k 1 − e− x dx = 2.5178 1 − e− x dx with the limit v = 0 when x = 0.

(

)

(

)

∫ 0 v dv = ∫ 0 2.5178 (1 − e
v x

−x

) dx
x
0

v2 = 2.5178 x + e− x 2

(

)

= 2.5178 x + e− x − 1

(

) )
1/2

v 2 = 5.0356 x + e− x − 1 (b) Letting x = −2 m,

(

) )
1/ 2

v = ± 2.2440 x + e− x − 1

(

v = ± 2.2440 − 2 + e2 − 1 Since x begins at x = − 2 m and ends at x = 0, v > 0. Reject the minus sign.

(

= ± 4.70 m/s

v = 4.70 m/s

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 11, Solution 22.
a=v
v

dv = 6.8 e−0.00057 x dx
x −0.00057 x

∫ 0 v dv = ∫ 0 6.8 e

dx
x 0

v2 6.8 e−0.00057 x −0= 2 − 0.00057

= 11930 1 − e−0.00057 x

(

)

When v = 30 m/s.

( 30 )2
2

= 11930 1 − e−0.00057 x

(

)

1 − e−0.00057 x = 0.03772 e−0.00057 x = 0.96228 − 0.00057 x = ln (0.96228) = − 0.03845 x = 67.5 m

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Solution 23.4v dx dv = − 0.4∫ 0 (a) Distance traveled when v = 0 0 − 75 = − 0.5ln 0. E.75 t = − 2.01)(75) = 0.51 s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Russell Johnston. ∫ 75 dv = − 0.5 mm (b) Time to reduce velocity to 1% of initial value. Phillip J. William E.75 75 t = 11.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Given: or a=v dv = − 0. 8/e. Jr.. Beer. Clausen. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Elliot R. David Mazurek. . Eisenberg.4x v x v − 75 = − 0.4 dx Separate variables and integrate using v = 75 mm/s when x = 0. Ferdinand P. v = (0.4 x x = 187.

728 ln 9 9 k ⎛3⎞ x = − 51. x = − 51. 8/e. Eisenberg. William E.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.728 ln ( 0 ) x=∞ Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.332 × 10−3 m −1 1 v v ln = − 51. (a) Distance when v = 3 m/s. Clausen..728 ln ⎜ ⎟ ⎝9⎠ x = 56. ln Solve for x. v x ∫ 9 v = − k ∫ 0 dx dv ln Calculate k using v = 7 m/s when x = 13 m. Jr. E. Given: a =v dv = − kv2 dx Separate variables and integrate using v = 9 m/s when x = 0. . David Mazurek.8 m (b) Distance when v = 0. Russell Johnston. Elliot R. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Phillip J. Solution 24. Beer. Ferdinand P. 7 = − ( k )(13) 9 x=− v = − kx 9 k = 19.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.74 ft/s (b) dv = a dt = − k vdt dt = − t =− 1 dv k v1/ 2 v 1 2 1/2 ⋅ 2 ⎡v1/2 ⎤ = v0 − v1/2 ⎣ ⎦ v0 k k 1/2 ( ) t = 1. Beer. Phillip J. Clausen. Ferdinand P.905 )( 8 ) = 13. Russell Johnston. 8/e. v3/2 = 125 − (13. 6= Then.27 ft/s3 x= 2 ⎡125 − v3/2 ⎤ = 0. v dv = a dx = −k vdx.905 x ( ) 3/2 (a) When x = 8 ft. 2 ⎡ 55.071916 125 − v3/2 ⎦ ( 3)( 9.27 k Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Eisenberg.62 125 − 123/2 ⎤ = ⎦ 3k ⎣ k or k = 9. . William E. Solution 25. 1 dx = − v1/2dv k x v 3/2 ∫ x0 dx = − k ∫ v0 vdv = − 3k v x0 = 0. Jr. v0 = 25 ft/s 1 2 v v0 x − x0 = 2 3/2 v0 − v3/2 3k ( ) or x= 2 ⎡ 2 ⎡ 3/2 3/2 ⎤ 3/2 ⎤ ⎢( 25) − v ⎥ = 3k ⎣125 − v ⎦ ⎣ ⎦ 3k Noting that x = 6 ft when v = 12 ft/s.27 ) ⎣ v3/2 = 125 − 13. David Mazurek.079 s At rest.. E. Elliot R. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. v = 0 ( 2 )( 25) 2v1/2 t = 0 = 9.759 ( ft/s ) v = 5.

Beer. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. David Mazurek. x = 1.8 0.8x v 2 = ( 7 + 0. Russell Johnston.4 ft/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. William E. Phillip J.8 x ) − 49 2 When x = 40 ft. E.8 v + 49 v 0 x = 1. Jr. ∫ x dx 0 1 v v dv 1 = = v 2 + 49 ∫0 2 0. 8/e.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Ferdinand P. Eisenberg.5 ft (1) ( 242 + 49 − 7 v 2 + 49 = 7 + 0.25 (a) When v = 24 ft/s. ( v 2 + 49 − 7 ) ) x = 22. Elliot R.8 v 2 + 49 v dv = a dx dx = v dv v dv = a 0.25 (b) Solving equation (1) for v 2 .8 )( 40 ) ⎤ − 49 = 1472 ft 2 /s 2 ⎣ ⎦ 2 v = 38. v 2 = ⎡7 + ( 0. Solution 26. a = 0. Clausen. ..8 v 2 + 49 Integrating using x = 0 when v = 0.

and x = 1.4k = cos −1 ( 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.2 ∫ 1. E. Phillip J. William E. dt dv k −v 2 2 and v = 0 when t = 0 −2k dt = ⎡ ⎛ v ⎞⎤ = d ⎢sin −1 ⎜ ⎟ ⎥ ⎝ k ⎠⎦ ⎣ v − 2k ∫ t dt 0 ⎡ ⎛ v ⎞⎤ = ⎢sin −1 ⎜ ⎟ ⎥ ⎝ k ⎠⎦ ⎣ 0 ⎛v⎞ sin −1 ⎜ ⎟ = −2kt ⎝k⎠ v = k sin ( −2kt ) = −k sin ( 2kt ) dx = v dt = −k sin ( 2kt ) dt Integrating.2 s. David Mazurek.5 1 = cos ( 2kt ) 2 t 1.2 ) ⎤ − ⎣ ⎦ 2 2 cos ( 0.4k ) = 0.2 0.5 = 0 1 1 cos ⎡( 2 ) k ( 0. using x = 1.5 ft at t = 0. Ferdinand P.90 ft/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.2 − 1. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Beer.1593 0. 8/e. 1. Elliot R.5 dx = − ∫ 0 ⎡ k sin ( 2kt )⎤ dt ⎣ ⎦ x 1.2 ft at t = 0.4 0. . a= dv = −2k k 2 − v 2 .. Jr.4 ) = 1. Russell Johnston.2 1. Clausen.4 k = 2. Eisenberg. Solution 27.1593 rad k = 1.

8/e. or t t 0 =− 1 sin −1 v 2 ( ) v 0 1 t − 0 = − sin −1 v − 0 2 Solving for v. Solution 28. William E. ∫ t dt 0 = ∫0 v dv −2 1 − v 2 .5 = When v = − 0. ∫ x dx 1.5646 ) + 1 2 Using equation (1). Eisenberg. Jr. Ferdinand P. Phillip J.400 ft (1) dv dv = a −2 1 − v 2 Integrating. When t = 0. David Mazurek.6 = − 0..3 s.6 ft/s. (a) Position when v = − 0.5 = ∫0 v v dv −2 1 − v 2 2 or x ⎛1 ⎞ x 1. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. E. .6 rad v = − sin 0.3 s. 1 t = − sin −1 v 2 v = sin ( − 2t ) = − sin ( 2t ) 2t = 0. (b) Position when t = 0.5 = ⎜ 1 − v2 ⎟ ⎝2 ⎠ v 0 x − 1. Beer.6 ) + 1 2 x = 1.6 ft/s. Clausen. Russell Johnston. using x = 1. x = 1.5 ft when v = 0.5646 ft/s 1 2 x= 1 − ( − 0. Acceleration is a given function of velocity. Elliot R.413 ft Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. From v dv = a dx. From dv = a dt we get dt = 1 2 ( 1− v − 1 ) or x= x= 1 1 − v2 + 1 2 1 2 1 − ( − 0. we get dx = v dv v dv = a −2 1 − v 2 Integrating.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. using t = 0 when v = 0.

From (1).5 m a = 6. Eisenberg. Solution 29.8 m a = 6.65 m/s2 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.75906 e −0.00057 x = 1 − ⎜ ⎟ ⎝ 154 ⎠ ⎡ ⎛ v ⎞2 ⎤ − 0.00057 x = 6.00057 x = ln ⎢1 − ⎜ ⎟ ⎥ ⎢ ⎝ 154 ⎠ ⎥ ⎣ ⎦ ⎡ ⎛ v ⎞2 ⎤ x = −1754. v 2 = 23716 1 − e−0. Jr.30 m/s2 x = 29. Phillip J. 8/e. Ferdinand P.0005 x = ⎜ ⎟ = (11858 )( 0.64506 x = 29. x as a function of v.4 ln ⎢1 − ⎜ ⎟ ⎥ ⎢ ⎝ 154 ⎠ ⎥ ⎣ ⎦ a as a function of x.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. David Mazurek. E. William E. Beer.54 a = 6.30306 x = 122. From (2). (b) v = 40 m/s. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.843 a = 6. .00057 ) e dx dx ⎜ 2 ⎟ ⎝ ⎠ (2) ⎡ ⎛ v ⎞2 ⎤ a = 6.00057 x 154 ⎛ v ⎞ e −0. Elliot R. x = 122. Clausen. From (2). Russell Johnston. v = 1 − e−0. From (1)..00057 a=v (1) 2 ( ) dv d ⎛ v2⎞ −0.75906 ⎢1 − ⎜ ⎟ ⎥ ⎢ ⎝ 154 ⎠ ⎥ ⎣ ⎦ (a) v = 20 m/s.

7 } (1) Solving for x.210t ) { 1/0. Given: v = 7.5 km/h. x = 25 1 − (1 − 0. E. x = 25 1 − ⎡1 − ( 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Russell Johnston. we get dt = dx dx = v 7..5 ∫ 0 0.7 } x = 7.04 x)−0. Solution 30.15 km dv = (7. using t = 0 when x = 0. Elliot R.04 ) 1 dx 1 −1 x t = 4.1 × 10−6 m/s 2 =− (c) Time to run 6 km. 8/e.7 } When t = 1 h.7 dx When t = 0 and x = 0.3 Integrating. t = 4.3)(− 0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. a=v dv − 0. Using dx = v dt . Phillip J. t x ⋅ or [t ]t0 = {1 − 0.04 x)0. Ferdinand P.5)(−0. .3 ( 7.5) ( 0.04)(1 − 0. Beer.675 km/h 2 dx (0.04 ) (1 − 0.7 } = 0. (b) Acceleration when t = 0. David Mazurek.675)(1000) m/s 2 (3600)2 a = − 52. Using x = 6 km in equation (1).7619 1 − (1 − 0.04 )( 6 ) ⎤ ⎣ ⎦ { 0.7619 1 − ⎡1 − ( 0.5)(0.04x0.0900(1 − 0.04 x ) 0. Eisenberg.8323 h t = 49.5(1 − 0.04 x ) { 0.7 = − 0. William E. Jr.7} 0 ∫ 0 dt = 7.0900 h −1 dx dv = (7. Clausen.210 )(1) ⎤ ⎣ ⎦ { 1/0.0900) = − 0.7 )( 0. v = 7.9 min Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.04 x) − 0.5 (1 − 0.3 with units km and km/h (a) Distance at t = 1 hr.

Eisenberg. R = 3960 mi = 20.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. v dv = − Integrating. Russell Johnston.7 × 103 ft/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. William E. E. 8/e. Solution 31. . Ferdinand P. David Mazurek.909 × 106 ft and g = 32. using the conditions v = 0 at r = ∞.2 ft/s2 . Jr. Elliot R. Clausen. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.2 ) ( 20. The acceleration is given by v dv gR 2 =a=− 2 dr r gR 2dr r2 Then. Beer. and v = vesc at r = R 0 2 ∞ ∫ vesc v dv = − gR ∫ R r 2 dr 1 2 v 2 0 vesc ⎛1⎞ = gR 2 ⎜ ⎟ ⎝r⎠ ∞ R 0− 1 2 1⎞ ⎛ vesc = gR 2 ⎜ 0 − ⎟ 2 R⎠ ⎝ vesc = 2 gR Now. Phillip J.909 × 106 ) vesc = 36.. Then. vesc = ( 2 )( 32.

34596 × 109 − v0 (a) v0 = 2400 ft/s. use g = 32. ymax (c) v0 = 40000 ft/s. . Eisenberg.2dy ⎡ ⎛ y ⎞⎤ ⎢1 + ⎜ 20.34596 × 10 ) − ( 40000 ) 9 2 ymax = 89. Elliot R. E. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Phillip J.9 × 106 ⎟ ⎥ ⎠⎦ ⎣ ⎝ 2 Integrate.9 × 106 v0 2 1.8 × 103 ft 6 2 9 2 ymax = 251 × 103 ft 6 2 9 2 = negative Negative value indicates that v0 is greater than the escape velocity.2 ft/s 2 and R = 20.9 × 106 ⎟ ⎥ ⎠⎦ ⎣ ⎝ 2 vdv = ady = − 32. Ferdinand P..9 × 10 ) ( 4000) = (1.34596 × 10 ) − ( 2400) ( 20. ymax ( 20.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. ymax = ∞ Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Beer.9 × 106 v0 = 2 20. dy dy 1 2 v 2 0 v0 ∫ 0 v v0 dv = − g ∫ ∞ 0 (1 + ) y R 2 = ∞ − gR 2 0 ∫ ( R + y )2 1 ⎞ = gR ⎜ ⎟ ⎝R + y⎠ 2⎛ ymax 0 0− ⎡ gRymax 1 2 1 1⎤ − ⎥=− v0 = gR 2 ⎢ R + ymax 2 ⎣ R + ymax R ⎦ 2 v0 ( R + ymax ) = 2 gRymax Solving for ymax . The acceleration is given by a = − 32. ymax (b) v0 = 4000 ft/s. 8/e. Also. David Mazurek.2 ⎡ ⎛ y ⎞⎤ ⎢1 + ⎜ 20.2 ) ( 20. using the conditions v = v0 at y = 0 and v = 0 at y = ymax .9 × 10 ) ( 2400 ) = (1. Clausen. William E.34596 × 10 ) − ( 4000) ( 20. Russell Johnston. Using the given numerical data.9 × 106 ft. ymax = 2 Rv0 2 2 gR − v0 ymax = 2 ( 2 )( 32.9 × 106 ) − v0 6 2 2 20. Jr.9 × 10 ) ( 40000) = (1. Solution 32.

x=C − v′ ωn cos (ω nt + ϕ ) v′ cos ϕ v′ C = x0 + v′ cos ϕ At t = 0. Using cos ϕ = cos ϕ = ( xmax − x0 ) ω n v′ x0ω n −1 v′ −1 (4)  v0   x0ω n   v′  +  v′ − 1 = 1     2 2 sin 2 ϕ + cos 2ϕ = 1.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Eisenberg. Jr. William E. x = x0 + ωn v′ cos ϕ − ωn v′ cos (ω nt + ϕ ) using cos ω nt1 + ϕ = −1 (3) xmax = x0 + ωn cos ϕ + ω Solving for cos ϕ .. Beer. Clausen. x = x0 = C − v′ ωn or ωn Then. Using sin (ω nt1 + ϕ ) = 0 and or cos (ω nt1 + ϕ ) = ± 1 (2) dx =v dt dx = v dt Integrating. Elliot R. Ferdinand P. Russell Johnston. E. 8/e. David Mazurek. Phillip J. v = v0 = v′ sin ϕ or sin ϕ = v0 v′ (1) Let x be maximum at t = t1 when v = 0. Then. With xmax = 2 x0 . (a) Given: v = v′ sin (ω nt + ϕ ) At t = 0. or Solving for v′ gives v′ = (v 2 0 2 2 + x0ω n ) 2 x0ω n (5) Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Solution 33. . Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

the corresponding value of x is x = x0 + v′ ωn cos ϕ = x0 + v′  x0ω n v′   ′ − 1 = 2 x0 − ωn  v ωn  = 2 x0 − 2 2 2 2 3 1 v0 v0 + x0ω n = x0 − 2 2 x0ω n ( 2x0ω n )ω n 2  3 − x0  ( )  v0 x0ω n 2 2 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. William E. Elliot R. Russell Johnston. Jr.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System (b) Acceleration: a= dv = v′ω n cos (ω nt + ϕ ) dt Let v be maximum at t = t2 when a = 0. Eisenberg.. David Mazurek. . Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Beer. cos (ω nt2 + ϕ ) = 0 From equation (3). 8/e. E. Ferdinand P. Clausen. Phillip J. Then.

x = 3v0T + v0T vT ⎛ 2⎞ cos ( 3π ) − 0 = ⎜ 3 − ⎟ v0T T π π⎠ ⎝ x = 2. πv πt dv = − 0 cos dt T T π v0 T cos 3π a= a=− π v0 T x1 = v0T + Average velocity is vave = v0T π cos π − v0T 2⎞ ⎛ = v0T ⎜1 − ⎟ π π⎠ ⎝ Δx x1 − x0 ⎛ 2⎞ = = ⎜1 − ⎟ v0 T Δt π⎠ ⎝ vave = 0. William E. using x = x0 = 0 when t = 0. David Mazurek. . Beer.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Clausen.. Jr. 8/e. E.363v0 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. (a ) πt ⎤ dx ⎡ = v = v0 ⎢1 − sin ⎥ dt T ⎦ ⎣ Integrating. Solution 34. πt ⎤ x t t ⎡ ∫ 0 dx = ∫ 0 v dt = ∫ 0 v0 ⎢1 − sin T ⎥ dt ⎣ ⎦ x x 0 vT πt ⎤ ⎡ = ⎢v0t + 0 cos ⎥ T ⎦ π ⎣ t 0 x = v0t + v0T π cos πt T − v0T π (1) When t = 3T . Ferdinand P. Elliot R. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Russell Johnston. Eisenberg. Phillip J.36v0T a= When t = 3T . (b) Using equation (1) with t = T .

7778 m/s 8. Solution 35. Beer.05 m/s 2 44 0 ∫ 0 a dx = ∫ 27.2 27. Ferdinand P.7778 44 a = − 1 ( 27.7778 − 2.. a= dv dt 8.7778 v dt 100 km/h = 27. Russell Johnston. Clausen. Jr.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. William E. 8/e. E. a=v dv = dx a = 3. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.77 m/s 2 a = − 8. 10 km/h = 2. Elliot R.7778)2 2 deceleration = − a = 8.77 m/s 2 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. . Eisenberg.7778 m/s (a) Acceleration during start test.2 a = 27. Phillip J. David Mazurek.7778 ∫ 0 a dt = ∫ 2.7778 (b) Deceleration during braking.7778 v dv = a ( x) 44 0 1 = v2 2 ( ) 0 27.

3 m (b) Elapsed time for braking test. Phillip J.7778 − 2.04878 t ) dt = ( 2. a=v dv dx ∫ 0 a dx = ∫ v0 v dv x v ax = a= v 2 v0 2 − 2 2 1 2 1 2 v − v0 = 0 − 27.7778 = 3. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.04878 t x = ∫ 0 v dv = ∫ 0 2. E. Russell Johnston.2 ) + (1. Beer. Eisenberg.7778 )( 8.7778 = − 8.. Jr. 8/e. William E.17 s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.2 x = 125.7682 a t = 3. Solution 36.77782 2x ( 2 )( 44 ) ( ) ( ) = − 8.7682 m/s 2 a= dv dt ∫ 0 a dt = ∫ v0 dv t v at = v − v0 t= v − v0 0 − 27. Elliot R.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Ferdinand P.2 ) 2 t 8. David Mazurek. . a= dv dt 100 km/h = 27.04878 m/s 2 8.7778 + 3. Clausen. 10 km/h = 2.7778 + 3.7778 m/s (a) Distance traveled during start test.7778 m/s ∫ 0 a dt = ∫ v0 dv a= v − v0 t t v at = v − v0 a= 27.52439 )( 8.2 v = v0 + at = 2.

v = v0 + at = at x = x0 + v0t + At point B. . Ferdinand P. Solution 37.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Russell Johnston. Constant acceleration. (a) Solving (2) for a. Beer. 1 2 1 2 at = at 2 2 and t = 30 s a = 6 ft/s 2 vB = 180 ft/s x0 = x A = 0 (1) (2) x = xB = 2700 ft a= 2 x ( 2 )( 2700 ) = t2 ( 30 )2 (b) Then. Eisenberg. v0 = v A = 0. William E. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.. Clausen. 8/e. Elliot R. Jr. Phillip J. E. vB = at = ( 6 )( 30 ) Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. David Mazurek.

David Mazurek. 1 v0 2 v − v0 t 1 2 at 2 (1) (2) Solving (1) for a. Ferdinand P.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. x0 = 0 v = v0 + at x = x0 + v0t + a= x = x0 + v0t + v= 540 = v= Then. v = 0 or 120 − 10ts = 0 ts = 12 s 1 (10 )(12 )2 = 720 ft 2 Δt = 6 s Δd = 180 ft x = 0 + (120 )(12 ) − (a) Additional time for stopping = 12 s − 6 s (b) Additional distance for stopping = 720 ft − 540 ft Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Constant acceleration. Jr. (3) Then. from (3).5 At t = 6 s. Clausen. Phillip J. Substituting into (1) and (2).5v0 2⎝ 2 ⎠ 1 v0 = 60 ft/s 2 a= 60 − 120 60 =− ft/s 2 = − 10 ft/s 2 6 6 v = 120 − 10t x = 0 + 120t − 1 (10 ) t 2 2 At stopping. Solution 38. Eisenberg. 8/e. E. and 1⎛ 1 ⎞ ⎜ v0 + v0 ⎟ ( 6 ) = 4. William E. .. Elliot R. 1 v − v0 2 1 1 t = x0 + ( v0 + v ) t = ( v0 + v ) t 2 t 2 2 x6 = 540 ft or v0 = 540 = 120 ft/s 4. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Russell Johnston. Beer.

Beer. Solution 39. . Eisenberg. Elliot R.416 m/s (b) Final velocity is reached at t = 25 s. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Jr. Phillip J. and solving for a gives a= 2x t2 Noting that x = 130 m when t = 25 s. William E. Ferdinand P. and v0 = 0.40 m/s t = 25 + 25.40 t = 51. Russell Johnston.. Total time for run: Δt = Δx 270 = = 25. E.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. v f = v0 + at = 0 + ( 0. Clausen. David Mazurek.416 )( 25 ) (c) The remaining distance for the constant speed phase is Δx = 400 − 130 = 270 m For constant velocity. a= ( 2 )(130 ) ( 25)2 a = 0.0 s v f = 10. 8/e.96 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. (a) During the acceleration phase x = x0 + v0t + 1 2 at 2 Using x0 = 0.96 s v 10.

David Mazurek.5 − 0 − ( 76. Elliot R.76 ) ( 2 )( 9. Then. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Choose t = 0 at end of powered flight. E. Solution 40.5 + 1 2 ( 9. Phillip J. 8/e. Russell Johnston. v=0 2 2 v 2 = v1 + 2a ( y − y1 ) = v1 − 2 g ( y − y1 ) y = y1 − 2 v 2 − v1 2g ymax = 27. 1 2 1 at = y1 + v1t − gt 2 2 2 1 2 (a) When y reaches the ground.81) 2 ymax = 328 m Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.. y f = 0 y f = y1 + v1t + y f − y1 + t v1 = gt 2 = 0 − 27.5 m and a = − g = − 9. Beer. y1 = 27.76 m/s v1 = 76. Clausen. William E.81 m/s 2 t = 16 s.81)(16 )2 16 = 76.8 m/s (b) When the rocket reaches its maximum altitude ymax . . Jr. Ferdinand P. Eisenberg.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Constant acceleration.

xB = 0. . ( x A )0 = 0. xB = x A. Corresponding values of xA and xB. aB = 0 xB = ( xB )0 − ( vB )0 t = ( xB )0 − 6t m At t = 20 s.375) − 6 ± 14. ( vA )0 = 0. Ferdinand P. Jr..4 m 2 − 6 ± (6) 2 − ( 4 )( 0. Eisenberg. 8/e. a A = 0. Clausen.596 ) = 50.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Solution 41.60 s xB = 120 − ( 6 )(11.4 m Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.697 = 11.375t 2 m Motion of bus. Place origin at 0.6 s t = 11. Motion of auto.596 s 0. William E. 0 = ( xB )0 − ( 6 )( 20 ) Hence.4 m x = 50. E. 120 − 6t = 0.375 )( −120 ) ( 2 )( 0.75 ) t 2 2 ⎝2⎠ ( xB )0 = ?. x A = ( 0.75 m/s 2 x A = ( x A )0 + ( v A )0 t + x A = 0. Elliot R. Phillip J.375 )(11. xB = 120 − 6 t ( xB )0 = 120 m When the vehicles pass each other. David Mazurek.75 and − 27. Beer. 1 ⎛1⎞ a At 2 = 0 + 0 + ⎜ ⎟ ( 0.596 ) = 50.375 t 2 + 6 t − 120 = 0 t= t= Reject the negative root. ( vB )0 = − 6 m/s. Russell Johnston. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.375 t 2 0.

Phillip J.0 m 2 2 .2 )( 9.6343) = 68. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. v A = 4.22222 − ( 4 )( 0.1667 + ( 0.. ( vB )0 vB = ( vB )0 + aBt = 6.0 m (b) Corresponding speeds.6343) = 2.3889t − 0.1667 m/s.1667 )( 9. E.1667 + 0.2222t − 25 = 0 t= 2. .4120 = 9.6343) = 68. Eisenberg.6343 s and − 5.3889 − ( 0.2222 ± 2. Elliot R.5t 2 − 2.2222 ± 7.0 m B moves 43. ( v A )0 = 15 km/h = 4. 1 aBt 2 = 25 + 6.4 m/s 2 Motion of B: ( xB )0 = 25 m.6 )( 9.6343) + ( 0. Ferdinand P. aB = − 0.3889 m/s.4 )( 9. t = 9.3889 − 0.19 s Reject the negative root.3889 t − 0.4t xB = ( xB )0 + ( vB )0 t + (a) When and where A overtakes B. William E. David Mazurek.3)( 9.3889 )( 9.5) t = 2.5 )( − 25 ) ( 2 )( 0.2 t 2 2 x A = xB 4.3 t 2 = 25 + 6.535 m/s v A = 35. Place the origin at A when t = 0. Solution 42. Clausen.1667 t + 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.6t x A = ( x A )0 + ( v A )0 t + 1 a At 2 = 4.0 m xB = 25 + ( 6.6343) = 9.3t 2 2 = 23 km/h = 6. Motion of A: ( x A )0 = 0. a A = 0.947 m/s vB = 6.63 s A moves 68. Jr. 8/e. Beer. x A = ( 4.6343) − ( 0.13 km/h Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.2 t 2 0.8 km/h vB = 9.1667 t + 0.6 m/s 2 v A = ( v A )0 + a At = 4. Russell Johnston.

5 s.012099 )( 61. 2 ( x − v0t ) t2 Using x = 1200 ft and the initial velocities and elapsed times for each horse.028872 ft/s 2 = ⎣ 2 2 t1 ( 61. (b) x1 − x2 = − ( 0.59 ) + When horse 1 crosses the finish line at t = 61. Solution 43. Constant acceleration ( a1 and a2 ) for horses 1 and 2..59 s 0. Clausen. William E.5 ) Δx = 8.4 )( 61.6tB + 0.5 ) + ( 0.59 )2 2 1 ( −0. Phillip J. 8/e. Russell Johnston. Beer.6 )( 61.05307 )( 49.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. x1 − x2 = ( v1 − v2 ) t + 1 ( a1 − a2 ) t 2 2 1 ⎡( − 0. Horse 1: Horse 2: xB = ( 20. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. (a) x1 − x2 = 0 tB = 2 − 0.59 ) + xB = 976 ft xB = ( 21)( 49. E.0 ) ⎤ ⎦ = − 0.5 ) ⎤ ⎦ = − 0.4 )( 49. Ferdinand P. Then. David Mazurek.86 ft Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Elliot R. a1 = x − v1t1 2 ⎡1200 − ( 20.028872 )( 49.5) x − v2t2 2 ⎡1200 − ( 21)( 62. Let x = 0 and t = 0 when the horses are at point A.053070 ) ⎤ t 2 ⎦ 2⎣ x1 − x2 = ( 20. Jr. x = v0t + a= 1 2 at 2 Solving for a.4 − 21) t + = − 0.053070 ft/s 2 = ⎣ 2 2 t2 ( 62. .012099 t 2 At point B. Eisenberg.012099 t B = 0 0.59 )2 = 976 ft 2 2 Calculating xB using data for either horse.6t + 0.012099 1 ( − 0.028872 ) − ( − 0.0 ) a2 = Calculating x1 − x2 .6 = 49.

Eisenberg.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Solution 44. v = v0 . Clausen. 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 2 gt E = v0 ( t E − t B ) − g ( t E − t B ) = v0t E − v0t B − gt E + gt E t B − gt B 2 2 2 2 v0 = gt E − gt B 2 or 2 t E − t Bt E − (1) 2xA =0 g gt  1 2  x A =  gt E − B  t E − gt E . Then. 8/e. tE = 2 ( ) = 4± ( 4 )2 + ( 4)(1)( 2)( 240) 32. t = 0 x = 0. Choose x positive upward.2 2 = 6. t = t B = 4 s Rocket B: Velocities: Rocket A: v A = v0 − gt Rocket B: vB = v0 − g ( t − t B ) Positions: Rocket A: x A = v0t − 1 2 gt 2 1 2 g ( t − tB ) . Jr.. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Ferdinand P. . E. v0t E − Solving for v0 . Phillip J. Elliot R. Russell Johnston. Rocket launch data: Constant acceleration a = − g Rocket A: x = 0. when t = t E . v = v0 . David Mazurek.35 s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Beer. 2 t ≥ tB Rocket B: xB = v0 ( t − t B ) − For simultaneous explosions at x A = xB = 240 ft when t = t E . William E. 2  2  2 t B ± t B + ( 4 )(1) 2 xA g Solving for t E .

Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Clausen.2 )( 4 ) Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. David Mazurek.8 ft/s (b) vB − v A = gt B = ( 32. Phillip J. 8/e. William E. At time t E . . E. v0 = ( 32. Eisenberg.348 ) − v A = v0 − gt E ( 32. Beer. Elliot R.2 )( 6. Ferdinand P.2 )( 4 ) 2 v0 = 140. Russell Johnston.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System (a) From equation (1). Jr..0 ft/s vB = v0 − g ( t E − t B ) vB/ A = 128.

08 m/s 2 (b) x A = ( x A )0 + ( v A )0 t + 1 aBt 2 2 1 x A − x B = ( x A ) 0 − ( x B ) 0 + ⎡ ( v A ) 0 − ( vB ) 0 ⎤ t + ( a A − a B ) t 2 ⎣ ⎦ 2 When t = 0. When t = 8 s. Solution 45. E. (a) Acceleration of A.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.1875 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.08 + 1.. David Mazurek. Phillip J. Jr. Eisenberg. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Hence.33 − 46. 2 or aB = a A + 1.67 8 1 a At 2 2 xB = ( x B ) 0 + ( vB ) 0 t + a A = 2. Ferdinand P. v A = ( v A )0 + a At . William E. Clausen. ( x A )0 − ( xB )0 = 38 m 0 = 38 + and ( vB ) 0 − ( v A ) 0 = 0 a A − aB = − 1.1875 aB = 3. Elliot R. 8/e. ( v A )0 = 168 km/h = 46.33 m/s At t = 8 s.1875 = 2.27 m/s 2 x A − xB = 0 1 ( a A − aB )(8)2 . . Beer.67 m/s v A = 228 km/h = 63. aA = v A − ( v A )0 t = 63. Russell Johnston.

William E. x A = 90 m 2 t1 = 2 x A ( 2 )( 90 ) 180 = = aA aA aA and v A = a At1 For 0 ≤ t ≤ 5 s.667 + v A = − vB a At1 = 26. Clausen. Beer. Russell Johnston. Solution 46. aA t1 = 180 7 180 160 gives −5= aA aA aA 7 180u − 5 = 160u 2 Let u = or 160u 2 − 7 180u + 5 = 0 continued Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. E. vB = ( vB )0 = − 96 km/h = − 26.667 m/s vB = ( vB )0 + aB ( t − 5 ) = − 26. Phillip J.667 6 6 1 a A ( t1 − 5 ) 6 or 7t1 − 5 = 160 aA 1 aA ( t − 5) 6 When vehicles pass. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. David Mazurek. . Jr. For t > 5 s. Elliot R. 8/e.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Eisenberg.667 − 7 5 a At1 − a A = 26. v A = ( v A )0 + a At and and and x A = ( x A )0 + ( v A )0 t = 1 a At 2 2 Using ( v A )0 = 0 v A = a At ( xA )0 = 0 gives xA = 1 a At 2 2 When cars pass at t = t1. (a) Acceleration of A. Ferdinand P.. Using 1 .

Elliot R. Ferdinand P.08 s. William E. Beer.0592125 aA = 3. David Mazurek.08) − 133.33 − ( 26. Phillip J.59 m/s 2 t = t1 = 7.29 d = 278 m Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.667 )( 2. Jr. a A = 3. (b) Time of passing. (c) Distance d. For t > 5 s. E.33 + ( vB )0 ( t − 5 ) + xB = d − 133. Thus.590 m/s The corresponding values for t1 are t1 = 180 = 0.667 ( t − 5 ) + 1 2 aB ( t − 5 ) 2 1  3.590 Reject 0.33 + 55.915 ± 74.2 m/s u2 = 93. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.967 320 = 0. 8/e. At t = 5 s.08 s 3. 90 = d xB = x A = 90 ( 3.794 s since it is less than 5 s.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Solving the quadratic equation.33 − 26. 0 ≤ t ≤ 5 s. 285.08 ) + ( 2 )( 6 ) 2 d = 90 + 133.52776 and 1 = 285. Russell Johnston.33 xB = d − 133.08 s xB = ( xB )0 − ( vB )0 t = d − 26.59 )( 2.667 )( 5 ) = d − 133. Eisenberg. .59  2  6  (t − 5) 2  When t = t1 = 7. Clausen.667t xB = d − ( 22. u = 7 180 ± ( 49 )(180 ) − ( 4 )(160 )( 5) ( 2 )(160 ) and 0.47 − 1.2 and t1 = 180 = 7..794 s.

xB = 5.85t 2 − 23.4 = 0 or Solving the quadratic equation. For t > 0. 2.4t + 23. Jr. Beer.. 8/e.85 s x = 200 ft v A = 51. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Eisenberg.5 ) t 2 2 2 or x A = 3.7 )( t − 2 ) 2 2 or For x A = xB . Phillip J.5 ft/s (b) v A = ( v A )0 + a At = 0 + ( 6.1 ft/s vB = 68. t = 1.1459 and t = 7. xB = ( x B ) 0 + ( v B ) 0 ( t − 2 ) + 2 1 1 2 2 aB ( t − 2 ) = 0 + 0 + (11.25 )( 7.8541) 2 t = 7.85 ( t − 2 ) = 5.4 3. E. Elliot R. David Mazurek.8541) vB = ( vB )0 + aB ( t − 2 ) = 0 + (11.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.4.25t 2 For t > 2 s. x A = ( x A )0 + ( v A )0 t + 1 1 a At 2 = 0 + 0 + ( 6.8541 − 2 ) Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.4t + 23.4t + 23.7 )( 7. (a ) x A = xB = ( 3.8541 s Reject the smaller value since it is less than 5 s. Ferdinand P. Clausen. William E. Solution 47.5 )( 7.25t 2 = 5.60t 2 − 23. .85t 2 − 23. Russell Johnston.

6 − 0 − ( 99.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Solution 48. Then.73 ft/s x A = ( x A )0 + ( v A )0 t + aA = ( vB )0 = − 39 mi/h = − 57.6 ft and ( vA )0 = 68 mi/h = 99. ( x A )0 + ( v A )0 t + 0 + 99. (c) Speed of B.6 = 0 Solving the quadratic equation. Beer.62 mi = 3273. Also. Jr. Let x be the position relative to point P. Reject the negative value.2t + ( − 0.988 ft/s 2 aB = 0.0465t 2 − 156. David Mazurek.7 ) = − 77. Ferdinand P.7 ft/s t = 20. vB = ( vB )0 + aBt = − 57. Eisenberg. Elliot R. ( x A )0 = 0 and ( xB )0 = 0.73)( 40 ) ⎤ ⎣ ⎦ ( 40 ) = − 0. Russell Johnston.895 ft/s 2 a A = 0. 8/e. Then.2 + ( − 0.2 )( 42 ) ⎤ ⎣ ⎦ ( 42 ) = − 0. E. 1 a At 2 2 2 or aA = 2 ⎡3273. Clausen.895 ft/s 2 xB = ( x B ) 0 + ( v B ) 0 + aB = 1 aBt 2 2 2 or aB = 2 ⎡ x B − ( x B ) 0 − ( vB ) 0 t ⎤ ⎣ ⎦ t2 2 ⎡0 − 3273.93t + 3273. .895) t 2 = 3273.7 ft/s vB = 77.6 − ( − 57. William E.988 ft/s 2 (b) When vehicles pass each other x A = xB .73t + 1 1 a At 2 = ( xB )0 + ( vB )0 t + aBt 2 2 2 1 1 ( − 0.988) t 2 2 2 −0.7 s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.7 s and − 3390 s t = 20.988 )( 20.2 ft/s 2 ⎡ x A − ( x A ) 0 − ( v A )0 t ⎤ ⎣ ⎦ t2 (a) Uniform accelerations.6 − 57.. Phillip J.

Elliot R.. Phillip J. Solution 49.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. vD + vC = 0 vD = − vC = 4 m/s vD/ A = vD − v A = 4 − 1 or vC = − 2vB = − ( 2 )( 2 ) = − 4 m/s vC = 4 m/s v B/ A = 1 m/s v D/ A = 3 m/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. v A = 1 m/s Constraint of cable supporting A: x A + ( x A − xB ) = constant 2v A − vB = 0 or vB = 2v A = ( 2 )(1) = 2 m/s Constraint of cable supporting B: 2 xB + xC = constant vC + 2vB = 0 (a) (b) (c) vB/ A = vB − v A = 2 − 1 xD + xC = constant. David Mazurek. Jr. Eisenberg. Clausen. 8/e. Russell Johnston. William E. E. Beer. . Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Ferdinand P. Let x be positive downward for all blocks and for point D.

Ferdinand P. David Mazurek. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Eisenberg.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.16 m/s ΔxB = 1 1 2 aBt 2 = ( −0.16 m/s ΔxB = 0. Solution 50. Jr. and aC = − 2aB = − 4a A Since vC and aC are down.04 m/s 2 aC = 0. Phillip J. Elliot R.08 m/s 2 ΔvB = aBt = ( − 0.16 m/s 2 (b) aB = 2a A = ( 2 )( − 0. or vC = − 2vB .16 m 2 2 ΔvB = 0.04 ) = − 0. E. i.5) aC = − 4a A a A = 0. 8/e.04 m/s2 ( 2 )( − 0. .. William E.08 )( 2 ) = − 0. v A and a A are up. Russell Johnston.e. Let x be positive downward for all blocks.2 )2 − 0 = − 0.08 )( 2 ) = − 0. Constraint of cable supporting A: x A + ( x A − xB ) = constant 2v A − vB = 0 or vB = 2v A and aB = 2a A Constraint of cable supporting B: 2 xB + xC = constant 2vB + vC = 0. negative. Beer. 2 2 v A − ( v A )0 = 2a A ⎡ x A − ( x A )0 ⎤ ⎣ ⎦ 2 v A − ( v A )0 2 (a ) a A = 2 ⎡ x A − ( x A )0 ⎤ ⎣ ⎦ = ( 0.16 m Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Clausen.

Ferdinand P. Elliot R. Beer. 1 v A = − 2vC = − (2)(4) 2 (b) Velocity of block D. William E. Phillip J. . xC. E. increasing downward. B. Eisenberg. and xD be the displacements of blocks A. xB. Russell Johnston. and D relative to the upper supports.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. vD = 1 v A = − 4 ft/s 2 vD = 4 ft/s v A = − 8 ft/s v A = 8 ft/s x A + xB = constant vB = − v A xB + 2 xD = constant or 1 1 vD = − v B = v A 2 2 ( xC − xB ) + ( xC − xD ) = constant or 2vC + v A − 1 vA = 0 2 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. 8/e. Jr. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. C. Constraint of cable AB: v A + vB = 0 Constraint of cable BED: vB + 2vD = 0 Constraint of cable BCD: 2vC − vB − vD = 0 (a) Velocity of block A. Clausen. David Mazurek. Let xA. Solution 51..

8/e. Then. Jr. vC and aC are positive. C.e. and xE be the displacements of blocks A. Solution 52. Also. i. . B. upward. xC. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. increasing downward. Eisenberg. Constraint of cable AB: v A + vB = 0 a A + aB = 0 x A + xB = constant vB = − v A aB = − a A xB + 2 xD = constant Constraint of cable BED: vB + 2vD = 0 a B + 2aD = 0 1 1 v D = − vB = v A 2 2 1 1 aD = − a A = a A 2 2 ( xC − xB ) + ( xC − xD ) = constant Constraint of cable BCD: 2vC − vB − vD = 0 2aC − aB − aD = 0 2vC + v A = 0 2aC + 1 aA = 0 2 1 aC = − a A 4 Since block C moves downward. and D and cable point E relative to the upper supports. xD. William E. Relative motion: v A/D = v A − vD = a A/D = a A − aD = 1 vA 2 1 aA 2 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.. vD and aD are negative. Clausen. Elliot R. Russell Johnston. Beer. Ferdinand P. E. Phillip J. Let xA. xB. vA and aA are negative. David Mazurek.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.

aE = − aB = a A = − 3.. Beer.8 ft/s 2 4 Constraint of cable portion BE: vB + vE = 0 xB + xE = constant aB + aE = 0 (b) Acceleration of point E. Phillip J. David Mazurek.8 ft/s 2 a A = − 3.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System (a) Acceleration of block C. Jr. William E.2 ft/s 2 1 aC = − a A = 0.2 ft/s 2 aE = 3. Eisenberg. . Clausen. a A = 2a A/D = 2v A/D t = (2)(8) = 3.2 ft/s 2 5 aC = 0. E. Ferdinand P. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.2 ft/s 2 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. 8/e. Elliot R. Russell Johnston.

vC = − 2v A = − ( 2 )( −600 ) = 1200 mm/s (c) Velocity of point C relative to collar B. Phillip J. Let x be position relative to the right supports. William E. Ferdinand P.. Elliot R.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Beer. E. Solution 53. 8/e. Russell Johnston. David Mazurek. . Constraint of entire cable: 2 x A + xB + ( xB − x A ) = constant 2vB + v A = 0 Constraint of point C of cable: v A = − 2vB 2 x A + xC = constant 2v A + vC = 0 vC = − 2v A (a) Velocity of collar A. v A = − 2vB = − ( 2 )( 300 ) = − 600 mm/s (b) Velocity of point C of cable. vC/B = vC − vB = 1200 − 300 = 900 mm/s vC/B = 900 mm/s vC = 1200 mm/s v A = 600 mm/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Eisenberg. Jr. Clausen. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. increasing to the left.

or 2 v A = − v B/A 3 or 2 x A + xB + ( xB − x A ) = constant. Elliot R.4 )( 6 ) 2 2 vB = 152. vB = ( vB )0 + aBt = 0 + ( 25. Beer. 1 vB = − v A .COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Ferdinand P.67 − 0 = − 50.67 mm/s 3 aA = v A − ( v A )0 t = − 406. 8/e. Russell Johnston.5 mm/s ΔxB = 458 mm Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. 1 vB/A = vB − v A = − v A − v A 2 vA = − v A − ( v A )0 = a At . Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Clausen.8 ) 2 2 aB = 25. William E. (a) Accelerations of A and B. . David Mazurek. increasing to the left. Phillip J.. Let x be position relative to the right supports. Solution 54.8 mm/s 2 1 1 aB = − a A = − ( −50.4 )( 6 ) xB − ( xB )0 = ( vB )0t + 1 1 2 aBt 2 = ( 25.8 mm/s2 8 a A = 50. 2 and 1 aB = − a A 2 2 ( 610 ) = − 406. Constraint of entire cable: 2vB + v A = 0. Jr. Eisenberg. E.4 mm/s 2 (b) Velocity and change in position of B after 6 s.

512 in. Solution 55. At the right anchor. David Mazurek. vB = 2.93 in./s 2 a A = 0./s 2 2 v A − ( v A ) 0 = 2a A ⎡ x A − ( x A ) 0 ⎤ ⎣ ⎦ 2 v A − ( v A )0 2 aA = aB = (b) Acceleration of point D. ./s Change in position of block B. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies./s 2 3 3 a A = ( 0.512 ) = − 0. 8/e. 2 ⎡ x A − ( x A )0 ⎤ ⎣ ⎦ = ( 2. E.768 )( 4 ) (c) Velocity of block B after 4 s. or or xB + ( xB − x A ) + 2 ( d − x A ) = constant vA = 2 vB 3 and aA = 2 aB 3 (d vD = − v A 2 3 − x A + d − xD ) = constant and aD = − a A ( vB )0 = 6 in. Let x be position relative to left anchor.512 ) vB = ( vB )0 + aBt = 6 + ( − 0.768 )( 4 ) 2 2 ΔxB = 17. Russell Johnston.86 in. Ferdinand P. Elliot R. Phillip J. Clausen./s 2 2 2 aD = − a A = − ( − 0. xB − ( xB ) 0 = ( vB ) 0 t + 1 1 2 aBt 2 = ( 6 )( 4 ) + ( − 0.512 in. Constraint of cable: 2vB − 3v A = 0 Constraint of point D of cable: v A + vD = 0 (a) Accelerations of A and B. Jr./s 2 aD = 0. Eisenberg. Beer.768 in. William E. x = d .768 in./s 2 aB = 0./s ( vA )0 = ( 6 ) = 4 in. Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics..512 in.4 )2 − ( 4 )2 ( 2 )(10 ) = − 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.

Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Eisenberg. Constraint of entire cable: (a) Velocity of A: xB + ( xB − x A ) + 2 ( d − x A ) = constant vA = 2 2 vB = (12 ) 3 3 xB + xB − xC = constant vC = 2vB = 2 (12 ) d − x A + d − xC = constant vD = − v A = − 8./s 2vB − 3v A = 0 v A = 8./s vC/ A = vC − v A = 24 − 8 v A + vD = 0. Clausen.00 in.00 in.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11./s 2vB − vC = 0 vC = 24 in. Jr. . Solution 56. At right anchor x = d . Ferdinand P. David Mazurek. vD = 8./s Constraint of point C of cable: (b) Velocity of C: Constraint of point D of cable: (c) Velocity of D: (d) Relative velocity. Let x be position relative to left anchor.. E./s vC/ A = 16. Beer. 8/e. William E. Russell Johnston.00 in.00 in. Elliot R. Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Beer. Eisenberg. Elliot R.. Let x be position relative to the anchor. Constraint of cable: − xB + ( xC − xB ) + 3 ( xC − x A ) = constant 4vC − 2vB − 3v A = 0 When t = 0. 2) ( va )0 = 100 mm/s ( vC )0 = 50 mm/s ( vC )0 = 1 1 ⎡ 2vB + 3 ( v A ) ⎤ = ⎡( 2 )( − 50 ) + ( 3)(100 ) ⎤ ⎦ 0⎦ ⎣ 4 4⎣ Constraint of point D: ( xD − xA ) + ( xC − x A ) + ( xC − xB ) − xB = constant vD + 2vC − 2v A − 2vB = 0 (b) ( vD )0 = 2 ( v A )0 + 2vB − 2 ( vC )0 = ( 2 )(100 ) + ( 2 )( − 50 ) − ( 2 )( 50 ) xC − ( xC )0 = ( vC )0 t + 1 aC t 2 2 = ⎡ ⎤ 2 ⎣ 40 − ( 50 )( 2 ) ⎦ ( vD ) 0 = 0 (c) aC = 2 ⎡ xC − ( xC )0 − ( vC )0 t ⎤ ⎣ ⎦ t 2 ( 2) 2 = − 30 mm/s 2 aC = 30 mm/s 2 Solving (2) for aA aA = 1 1 ( 4aC − 2aB ) = ⎡( 4 )( −30 ) − ( 2 )( 0 )⎤ = − 40 mm/s2 ⎦ 3 3⎣ a A = 40 mm/s 2 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Phillip J. Russell Johnston. . positive to the right. 8/e. Solution 57. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Ferdinand P. William E. (a) vB = − 50 mm/s and 4aC − 2aB − 3a A = 0 (1. Jr. E. David Mazurek. Clausen.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Elliot R. . At t = 2 s. 8/e. Phillip J. Constraint of cable: − xB + ( xC − xB ) + 3 ( xC − x A ) = constant 4vC − 2vB − 3v A = 0 (a) Accelerations of B and C. Solution 58. David Mazurek. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. E. Russell Johnston. Let x be position relative to the anchor. William E. Beer. vC = v A = 420 mm/s and vB = − 30 mm/s and 4aC − 2aB − 3a A = 0 1 1 ( 2vB + 3v A ) = ⎡( 2 )( −30 ) + ( 3)( 420 )⎤ = 300 mm/s ⎦ 4 4⎣ ( vC )0 = 0 vC = ( vC )0 + aC t aB = aC = vC − ( vC )0 t = 300 − 0 2 aC = 150 mm/s 2 1 1 ( 4aC − 3a A ) = ⎡( 4 )(150 ) − ( 3)( 270 )⎤ = −105 mm/s2 ⎦ 2 2⎣ aB = 105 mm/s 2 (b) Initial velocities of A and B. Eisenberg. Ferdinand P. positive to the right. Jr.. Clausen. v A = ( v A )0 − a At ( vA )0 = v A − a At = 420 − ( 270 )( 2 ) = −120 mm/s ( vA )0 = 120 mm/s ( vB )0 = vB − aBt = − 30 − ( −105)( 2 ) vE − 3v A + 2vC = 0 v B = ( vB ) 0 − a B t Constraint of point E: ( vB )0 = 180 mm/s 2 ( xC − x A ) + ( xE − x A ) = constant (c) ( vE )0 = 3 ( vA )0 − 2 ( vC )0 = ( 3)( −120 ) − ( 2 )( 0 ) = − 360 mm/s ( vE )0 = 360 mm/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.

.4t t = 2. 2 1 xC − ( xC )0 = ( 6 )( 2. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.5 s (b) Corresponding position of block C..COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. a A = − 3. Phillip J. Russell Johnston. Jr.5 ) +   ( −2.6 ) = − 2.5 ) 2 xC − ( xC )0 = 7. vB = ( vB )0 = 18 in./s2  3 3 vC = ( vC )0 + aC t = 6 − 1. Ferdinand P. Constraint of cable. Elliot R. Define positions as positive downward from a fixed level.4 )( 2. 8/e. Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. ( xB − xA ) + ( xC − x A ) + 2 ( xC − xB ) = constant 3xC − xB − 2 x A = constant 3vC − vB − 2v A = 0 3aC − aB − 2a A = 0 Motion of block C. ( v A )0 = 0. William E. Solution 59. 0 = 6 − 2. Beer./s 2 .4 in. Eisenberg.2t xC − ( xC )0 = ( vC )0 t + 1 aC t 2 = 6t − 0. aB = 0 ( vC )0 = aC = 1 ( vB ) + 2 ( v A )  = 6 in./s 0 0 3 1 1 ( aB + 2aA ) = 0 + ( 2 )( − 3. E.6 in. Clausen.6t 2 2 (a) Time at vC = 0./s.5 in. David Mazurek.

Eisenberg. Define positions as positive downward from a fixed level.5t in.83333)( 6 ) ⎤ ⎥ ⎣ ⎦ 3⎢ 0+ ( ) t =6s xC − ( xC )0 = 30 in.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Clausen. 8/e. 3 ( ) 1 15t − 2. a A = − 2. aB = 15 in.83333t 3 in.5 )( 6 ) − ( 0. 1 ⎡ ( vB ) + 2 ( v A ) ⎤ = 0 0 0⎦ 3⎣ ( vB )0 = 0. Elliot R. Solution 60. Russell Johnston. William E. Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Ferdinand P. Constraint of cable: ( xB − xA ) + ( xC − x A ) + 2 ( xC − xB ) = constant 3xC − xB − 2 x A = constant 3vC − vB − 2v A = 0 3aC − aB − 2a A = 0 Motion of block C./s 2 ( vC )0 = aC = 1 1 ( aB + 2a A ) = (15 − 5t ) in./s2 3 3 t vC = ( vC )0 + ∫ 0 aC dt =0+ xC − ( xC )0 = (a) Time at vC = 0 1 15t − 2. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. David Mazurek.5t 2 − 0. Jr. .5t 2 = 0 t = 0 and t = 6 s 3 (b) Corresponding position of block C. 1 2 3 xC − ( xC )0 = 0 + ⎡( 7. Beer.. Phillip J./s 2 . E.5t 2 in./s 3 ( ) 1 7. ( vA )0 = 0.

Ferdinand P. . 2v A + 2vB + vC = 0 2a A + 2aB + aC = 0 Constraint of cable supporting block D: (1) ( xD − xA ) + ( xD − xB ) = constant. Eisenberg. Beer. Solution 61. E. Elliot R. and C: 2x A + 2 xB + xC = constant. Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. 8/e. Let x be position relative to the support taken positive if downward.000 m Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. or or 2a A + 3aB = 120 a A − aB = − 440 (5) (6) and and aB = 200 mm/s 2 aD = − 20 mm/s 2 aC = 80 mm/s 2 vC = 480 mm/s 1 1 2 aDt 2 = 0 + ( − 20 )(10 ) = −1000 mm 2 2 ΔxD = 1. Jr. a A = − 240 mm/s 2 From (3) and (4). William E. vC = ( vC )0 + aC t = 0 + ( 80 )( 6 ) (b) Change in position of D after 10 s. David Mazurek. B. (a) Velocity of C after 6 s.. Clausen. xD − ( x D ) 0 = ( v D ) 0 t + 2vD − v A − vB = 0 (2) aC = aB − 120 aD = a A + 220 (3) (4) or or Substituting (3) and (4) into (1) and (2). Russell Johnston.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Constraint of cable connecting blocks A. 2aD − aB − a A = 0 Given: Given: aC/B = aC − aB = −120 aD/ A = aD − a A = 220 2a A + 2aB + ( aB − 120 ) = 0 2 ( a A + 220 ) − a A − aB = 0 Solving (5) and (6) simultaneously.

Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Jr. Solution 62. 8/e. Ferdinand P. Eisenberg.5 mm 2 2 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. and C: 2 x A + 2 xB + xC = constant. Phillip J. Constraint of cable connecting blocks A. Clausen. Let x be position relative to the support taken positive if downward. Beer. or t= 2 ( xB − x A ) aB/ A = 2 (160 − 80 ) 10 =4s 1 a At 2 2 2 2xB/ A aB/ A x A − ( x A )0 = ( v A )0 t + (a) aA = 2 ⎡ x A − ( x A )0 − ( v A )0 t ⎤ ⎣ ⎦ t 2 = 2 ( 80 − 0 ) ( 4) a A = 10 mm/s 2 aB = 20 mm/s 2 aB = a A + aB/ A = 10 + 10 aC = − ( 2aB + 2a A ) = − ⎡( 2 )( 20 ) + ( 2 )(10 ) ⎤ = − 60 mm/s ⎣ ⎦ vC = ( vC )0 + aC t Constraint of cable supporting block D: t= vC − ( vC )0 aC = − 300 − 0 =5s − 60 ( xD − xA ) + ( xD − xB ) = constant. E. (b) xD − ( x D ) 0 aD = 2vD − v A − vB = 0 1 1 ( a A + aB ) = (10 + 20 ) = 15 mm/s 2 2 1 1 2 = ( vD )0 t + aDt 2 = 0 + (15 )( 5 ) ΔxD = 187. 2aD − a A − aB = 0. David Mazurek.. 2v A + 2vB + vC = 0. William E. 2a A + 2aB + aC = 0 ( vA )0 = ( vB )0 = ( vC )0 = 0. 2 2 ( xA )0 = ( xB )0 = ( xC )0 .COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. . Elliot R. B. Russell Johnston. ( xB/A )0 = 0. ( vB/A )0 = 0 ( vB/A ) − ( vB/A )0 = 2aP/A ⎡ xB/A − ( xB/A )0 ⎤ ⎣ ⎦ aB/ A = 2 ( xB − x A ) 2 vB/ A 2 vB/ A − 0 = 2aB/ A ( xB − x A − 0 ) = 402 = 10 mm/s 2 2 (160 − 80 ) xB/ A = xB/ A t2 = ( )0 + ( vB/A )0 t + 1 aB/At 2 = 0 + 0 + 1 aB/At 2 2 2 .

A2 = 8 m/s (a) v−t curve v6 = − 4 m/s v0 = v6 − A1 = − 4 − ( −12 ) = 8 m/s v10 = − 4 m/s (b) v14 = v10 + A2 = − 4 + 8 A3 = 16 m. A6 = − 4 m A7 = 4 m x−t curve x0 = 0 x4 = x0 + A3 = 16 m x6 = x4 + A4 = 12 m x10 = x6 + A5 = − 4 m x12 = x10 + A6 = − 8 m v14 = 4 m/s (a) (b) Distance traveled: 0 ≤ t ≤ 4 s. William E. E. Ferdinand P. x14 = x12 + A7 d1 = 16 − 0 = 16 m x14 = − 4 m 4 s ≤ t ≤ 12 s. Elliot R. Solution 63.. Russell Johnston. Total distance traveled: d 2 = − 8 − 16 = 24 m d3 = − 4 − ( − 8 ) = 4 m d = 16 + 24 + 4 d = 44 m Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Beer. Clausen.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. A4 = − 4 m A5 = −16 m. a−t curve A1 = −12 m/s. . David Mazurek. Eisenberg. Phillip J. 8/e. Jr. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. 12 s ≤ t ≤ 14 s.

Beer. E.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. dx = v = 8 − 2t dt continued Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. this is time interval t1 to t2. Clausen. Eisenberg. Phillip J. 8/e. Solution 64. Over 0 < t < 6 s. A2 = 8 m/s v−t curve v0 = 8 m/s v6 = v0 + A1 = 8 + ( −12 ) = − 4 m/s v10 = v6 = − 4 m/s v14 = v10 + A2 = − 4 + 8 = 4 m/s A3 = 16 m. A6 = − 4 m A7 = 4 m x−t curve x0 = 0 x4 = x0 + A3 = 16 m x6 = x4 + A4 = 12 m x10 = x6 + A5 = − 4 m x12 = x10 + A6 = − 8 m x14 = x12 + A7 = − 4 m (b) Time for x > 8 m. Russell Johnston. A4 = − 4 m A5 = −16 m.. a−t curve A1 = −12 m/s. Jr. (a) Construction of the curves. William E. Ferdinand P. From the x−t diagram. Elliot R. David Mazurek. .

Setting x = 8. Eisenberg.172 s and 6. Clausen. Ferdinand P. 8/e. t1 = 8± (8)2 − ( 4 )(1)(8) ( 2 )(1) = 4 ± 2. thus t1 = 1.172 s Over 6 < t < 10. Required time interval: x = 12 − 4 ( t − 6 ) = 36 − 4t 8 = 36 − 4t2 or t2 = 7 s ( t2 − t1 ) = 5. Beer. William E. using limits x = 0 when t = 0 and x = 8 m when t = t1 x or 8 0 = 8t − t 2    t or 0 2 8 = 8t1 − t1 t12 − 8t1 + 8 = 0 Solving the quadratic equation. . Elliot R. Jr. Russell Johnston.828 = 1. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.828 s The larger root is out of range.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Integrating. Phillip J.83 s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. E. David Mazurek..

Eisenberg. A1 = (10)(6) = 60 ft A2 = A3 = A4 = 1 (6 + 18)(18 − 10) = 96 ft 2 1 (18)(24 − 18) = 54 ft 2 1 (−18)(30 − 24) = − 54 ft 2 x0 = − 48 ft x10 = x0 + A1 = 12 ft x18 = x10 + A2 = 108 ft x24 = x18 + A3 = 162 ft x30 = x24 + A4 = 108 ft x40 = x30 + A5 = − 72 ft continued A5 = (−18)(40 − 30) = −180 ft Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.5 ft/s 2 18 − 10 −18 − 18 = − 3 ft/s 2 30 − 18 a=0 Points on the x–t curve may be calculated using areas of the v–t curve. Ferdinand P. Clausen. E. 10 s < t < 18 s. Elliot R. 8/e. David Mazurek. 0 < t < 10 s. .COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Beer. Solution 65. The a–t curve is just the slope of the v–t curve. Russell Johnston. 30 s < t < 40 s a= a= a=0 18 − 6 = 1. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.. William E. Phillip J. Jr. 18 s < t < 30 s.

Beer. Jr. . xmax = 162 ft (b) Time s when x = 108 ft. Russell Johnston.e. Phillip J. Clausen. Ferdinand P. E. i. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. William E. Eisenberg. 8/e. David Mazurek.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System (a) Maximum value of x.. From the x–t curve. t = 18 s and t = 30 s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Maximum value of x occurs When v = 0. t = 24 s. Elliot R.

Phillip J. Jr. a= a= x0 = − 48 ft The a–t curve is just the slope of the v–t curve. Clausen. −18 − 18 = − 3 ft/s 2 ! 30 − 18 a=0! ! Points on the x–t curve may be calculated using areas of the v–t curve. E. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.5 ft/s 2 ! 18 − 10 18 s < t < 30 s. William E. a=0! 18 − 6 = 1. 30 s < t < 40 s. Ferdinand P.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. David Mazurek. Russell Johnston. Eisenberg. ..65: 0 < t < 10 s. Data from problem 11. Elliot R. 8/e. Beer. Solution 66. 10 s < t < 18 s. A1 = (10)(6) = 60 ft A2 = A3 = A4 = 1 (6 + 18)(18 − 10) = 96 ft 2 1 (18)(24 − 18) = 54 ft 2 1 (−18)(30 − 24) = − 54 ft 2 A5 = (−18)(40 − 30) = −180 ft x0 = − 48 ft ! x10 = x0 + A1 = 12 ft ! x18 = x10 + A2 = 108 ft ! x24 = x18 + A3 = 162 ft ! x30 = x24 + A4 = 108 ft ! x40 = x30 + A5 = − 72 ft ! continued Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.

. In the range Set x = 0. E.. 648 − 18t2 = 0 t2 = 36 s ! Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. 8/e. Clausen. Beer. David Mazurek. d1 = x24 − x0 = 210 ft d 2 = x30 − x24 = 54 ft d = d1 + d 2 d = 264 ft ! (b) Values of t for which x = 0. Russell Johnston. For 0 ≤ t ≤ 24 s For 24 s ≤ t ≤ 30 s Total distance.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System (a) Total distance traveled during 0 ≤ t ≤ 30 s . Eisenberg. Ferdinand P. Phillip J. x = x30 + v30 (t − 30) = 108 + (−18)(t − 30) = 648 − 18t Set x = 0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. William E. Jr. Elliot R. 0 ≤ t ≤ 10 s x = x0 + v0t = − 48 + 6t − 48 + 6t1 = 0 t1 = 8 s ! In the range 30 s < t < 40 s.

Clausen.224 s and 37. Ferdinand P. 2 A3 = ( Δv )( 20 − t1 ) = 2t1 ( 20 − t1 ) in. 2 t1 − 40t1 + 84 = 0 40 ± 402 − ( 4 )(1)( 84 ) ( 2 )(1) = 2. 144 = 60 + t1 + 2t1 ( 20 − t1 ) or t1 = Reject the larger root. Russell Johnston. A2 . Eisenberg. Beer./s A2 = 1 ( Δv ) t1 = t12 in. .45 in.45 in. David Mazurek. and A3 A1 = ( 3)( 20 ) = 60 in. Label areas A1. 2 Δx = total area. Jr. 8/e.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Distance traveled: Δx = 12 ft = 144 in.224 s t1 = 2. Phillip J. Δv = at1 = 2t1 in. William E. Sketch v − t curve as shown.8 s Δv = 2t1 = 4.. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Elliot R. E./s vmax = 3 + Δv = 3 + 4. Solution 67./s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.45 vmax = 7.

893 a = 152.64 s − 44 −100 = 4. 8/e. Beer. Eisenberg. a= −100 = 0. Jr.3 ft/s 2 Changes in position: Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Phillip J. Then v is negative for decent and a is positive for deceleration. E. t2 and t3 as shown. Russell Johnston. William E.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. . David Mazurek.. Sketch the v−t and x−t curves using times t1.1 s Δv ( − 44 ) − ( −180 ) = Δt 0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Clausen. Elliot R. Solution 68. Use constant slopes in the v−t curve for the constant acceleration stages.55 s − 22 t1 + t2 + t3 = 44.893 s −112 −1700 = 38. Let x be the altitude. Ferdinand P. Areas of v−t curve: A1 = − 1 (180 + 44 ) t1 = −112t1 ft 2 A2 = − 44t2 A3 = 1 ( − 44 ) t3 = − 22t3 2 Δx1 = 1800 − 1900 = −100 ft Δx2 = 100 − 1800 = −1700 ft Δx3 = 0 − 100 = −100 ft Using Δxi = Ai gives t1 = t2 = t3 = (a) Total time: (b) Initial acceleration.

778 + 8.889 m/s x1 = 4.778 − 8. William E. Beer.8 × 103 − 800 = 4.778 m/s x2 = 4.8 × 103 m v1 = 32 km/hr = 8.667 − 8.0 × 103 = A1 = 1 1 ( v0 + v1 ) t1 = (17.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Clausen. David Mazurek. Elliot R. Phillip J.889 ) t1 2 2 t1 = 300 s (b) Velocity v2. . a12 = v2 − v1 1. Jr.0474 m/s 2 t2 − t1 450 − 300 a12 = 0.889 = = − 0. Eisenberg. x1 = 4. Sketch the v−t curve Data: v0 = 64 km/h = 17.667 m v2 = 10. x2 − x1 = 800 = A2 = 1 1 ( v1 + v2 )( t2 − t1 ) = ( v1 + v2 )( 450 − 300 ) 2 2 v2 + v1 = 10..0 × 103 m t2 = 450 s (a) Time t1 to travel first 4 km.889 (c) Final deceleration. E. Russell Johnston.778 m/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. 8/e. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.8 km = 4. Ferdinand P. Solution 69.0474 m/s 2 v2 = 1.

8/e.1722 − t1 ) − 35tc = 6.5 1 =5 a 1 a (1) A2 = 35 ( 0.23 × 10−6 h 2 /mi a a = 16. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. 10 min 20 s = 10 20 + = 0.5 But A2 = 8 − 5 = 3 mi 35t1 + 612. David Mazurek. Clausen.13 min 1 = 60.616 × 103 mi/h 2 = (16. William E.5 2 2 a a A1 = 5 mi 60t1 − 2112.5 Solving equations (1) and (2) for t1 and 1 . Solution 70. Russell Johnston. Ferdinand P.45 × 10−3 h = 5. a 1 = 3.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.616 × 10 ) (5280) 3 ( 3600 ) 2 a = 6.0278 − 35t1 − 612. Phillip J.1722 h 60 3600 Sketch the v−t curve ta = tb = tc = 60 a 25 a 35 a A1 = 60t1 − But 1 1 1 1 ( 60 ) ( ta ) − ( 25) tb = 60 t1 − 1800 − 312. Jr. Beer. . Elliot R. Eisenberg. E.77 ft/s 2 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.0278 a (2) t1 = 85..

Jr. David Mazurek. Clausen.4 ft/s A2 = − (17 )( 0.4 ) − ( 8.609 s (a) A1 + A3 = − ( 6 )(1. . Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.4 ) ⎜ ⎟ (1. Eisenberg. Sketch the a−t curve as shown ) v0 = 20 ft/s. E. Russell Johnston. Elliot R. v1 = − 6 ft/s A1 = − 6t1 A2 = − 1 ( 40 − 6 ) t1 = −17t1 2 v1 = v0 + A1 + A2 6 = 20 − 6t1 − 17t1 t1 = 0.4 s t2 − t1 = 0.6087 ⎞ ⎛1⎞ ⎛ = 0 + ( 20 )(1.7913 s t1 = 0.6087 ) = − 10.6087 s t2 = 1.73 ft Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.4 − 10.4 − 3 ⎟ ⎝2⎠ ⎝ ⎠ x2 = 9.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.348 ) ⎜ 1.348 ft/s v2 = v0 + A1 + A3 + A2 = 20 − 8.348 v2 = 1.4 ) − (10. Solution 71. Ferdinand P. William E.252 ft/s (b) x2 = x0 + v0t2 + ( A1 + A3 ) x13 + A2 x2 by moment-area method 1 ⎞ ⎛1 ⎞ ⎛ = 0 + v0t2 + ( A1 + A3 ) ⎜ t2 ⎟ + A2 ⎜ t2 − t1 ⎟ 2 ⎠ 3 ⎠ ⎝ ⎝ 0. Beer. Phillip J. 8/e..4 ) = − 8.

.15t3 − vmaxt3 + 660 = 0 Runner A: ( vmax ) A = 28.2 − 5 = 20.696. t2 = 25 − 4 = 21 s A1 = 1 ( 4 )( v A )max = 2 ( vA )max 2 A2 = 21( v A )max A1 + A2 = ∆x = 5280 ft = 660 ft 8 or 23 ( v A )max = 660 ( vA )max = 28. Beer. Note that 1 5280 mile = = 660 ft 8 8 Sketch v−t curve for first 660 ft.7 ( vB )max = 660 or ( vB )max or = 29.696 ft/s Runner B: A1 = t1 = 5 s. Clausen.2 ( vB )max A1 + A2 = ∆x = 660 ft 22. Ferdinand P. 8/e. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Then total time t A = 25 + 26.736 s ( vmax )2 − 396    Reject the larger root.075 ft/s Sketch v−t curve for second 660 ft.7 s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Eisenberg.736 = 51.2 s 1 ( 5)( vB )max = 2.5 ( vB )max 2 A2 = 20. William E.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.15) ( t3 ) A = 164. Elliot R. Runner A: t1 = 4 s. ( vmax )2 − ( 4 )( 0.3t3 1 ∆vt3 = 660 2 2 0. Jr. .15)( 660 ) ( 2 )( 0. David Mazurek. Russell Johnston.3333  vmax ±  26.57 s and (a)  = 3. Solution 72.736 s t A = 51. t2 = 25. Phillip J. A3 = vmaxt3 − t3 = vmax ± ∆v = a t3 = 0. E.

457 − 25 ) = 20.736 s.759 ft/s Velocity of A at t = 51. ( t3 ) B = 167.5 s Reject the larger root.58 s and 26.736 − 25 ) = 20.759 + 20. Ferdinand P. E.257 s t B = 25.696 − ( 0. . Then total time Velocity of A at t = 51. 8/e. Eisenberg.457 s t B = 51.78 ft Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.675 ft/s Over 51. runner A covers a distance ∆x (b) ∆x = vave ( ∆t ) = 1 ( 20. Clausen. Beer. David Mazurek.257 = 51. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.075.457 ) 2 ∆x = 5. Phillip J. Elliot R.457 s: v1 = 28.3)( 51. Russell Johnston.696 − ( 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Runner B: ( vmax ) B = 29.736 s: v2 = 28. Jr.. William E.457 s ≤ t ≤ 51.736 − 51.3)( 51.675)( 51.2 + 26.

44 )( 576 ) = 11200 m (b) abus = v − v0 27.78) + ( 720 − t1 )( 27. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Beer.44t2 2 With t1 = 225. Russell Johnston. .78) = 15200 2 t1 = 225.78)( t1 − 120 ) + 27. 8/e. Elliot R. areas under the v−t curves are equal. William E.. xtruck = (19. 1 ( 27. E. xtruck = (19.262 m/s 2 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.20 km abus = 0.8 − 120 t2 = 576 s xtruck = 11. Jr.44 )( 720 ) = 14000 m xbus = 14000 + 1200 = 15200 m xbus = area under v−t curve 1 ( t1 − 120 )( 27.8 s (a) When xbus = xtruck . Sketch the v−t curves.78 − 0 = t1 − 120 225. Eisenberg.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Phillip J. At t = 12 min = 720 s. Ferdinand P. David Mazurek. Clausen.78 ( t2 − t1 ) = 19. Solution 73.8 s.

667 + 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Eisenberg. ( vA )0 = 32 km/h = 8.667 )( 45 ) = 300 m A2 = 1 1 ( 2. Ferdinand P. William E.444 m/s 0 = 60 − 50 − 22.111 m/s (a) aA = v A − ( v A )0 t = 7.0395 m/s 2 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Beer. E. David Mazurek.5v A/B v A = vB + v A/B = 6.444 = 7. . Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.222 )( 45) + vA/B ( 45) 2 2 = 50 + 22. Clausen. Phillip J. Solution 74. Jr..5v A/B x A = ( x A )0 + A1 + A2 xB = ( xB )0 + A1 xB/ A = xB/ A (b) ( )0 − A2 v A/B = 0.667 m/s Sketch the v−t curves. 8/e. Russell Johnston. A1 = ( 6.889 m/s vB = 24 km/h = 6.889 45 a A = − 0.111 − 8. Elliot R.

Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.14 1 A2 = (13.14 ft/s 2 t1 13. .29 s 0.067 ft/s Sketch the v−t curves. Elliot R. Ferdinand P. 8/e. Eisenberg.267 ft/s ( vB )0 = 13 mi/h = 19. d = A2 or 0 = d − A2 d = 622 m Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.2 = 94. William E. E. ( vA )0 = 22 mi/h = 32.3 m 2 xB = ( xB )0 + A1 x A = ( x A )0 + A1 + A2 xB/ A = xB − x A = ( xB )0 − ( x A )0 − A2 . Phillip J. David Mazurek.2 )( 94. Jr.29 ) = 622. a=− t1 = 13.2 = − 0. Slope of v−t curve for car A. Clausen.. Solution 75. Beer. Russell Johnston.

1( t1 − 2 ) = 40 + 64 ( t1 − 2 ) − 16. E. David Mazurek.59 s The smaller root is out of range. xB = x E 2 2 2 40 + 64 ( t1 − 2 ) − 16. Solution 76. Jr. Eisenberg. For t1 > 2 s. 8/e.4 = 0 or Solving the quadratic equation.1( t1 − 2 ) ⎝ 2 ⎠ 2 xB = ( xB )0 + ( vB )0 ( t1 − 2 ) − 16. For 0 ≤ t1 ≤ 6 s. Moment of A2 about t = t2 : ( xB )0 = 40 ft ( vB )0 = 64 ft/s A2 = − 32. William E. Using A1 = 4t 4t2 = 24 Motion of elevator. Ferdinand P.4t1 + 152. Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Limit on A1 is 24 ft/s. t1 = 1. Russell Johnston.59 s t1 = 5..COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.2 ( t1 − 2 ) ft/s 2 ⎛t − 2⎞ − 32.1t1 − 128. t2 = 6 s ( xE )0 = 0 ( vE )0 = 0 4t1 t1 2 = 2t1 2 Moment of A1 about t = t1 : 2 2 xE = ( xE )0 + ( vE )0 t1 + 2t1 = 2t1 Motion of ball. Beer.1( t1 − 2 ) = 2t1 2 18. At t = 2. Clausen. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. hence Since this is less than 6 s. Phillip J.1( t1 − 2 ) When ball hits elevator. . the solution is within range. Elliot R.507 s and 5. Construct the a−t curves for the elevator and the ball.2 ( t1 − 2 ) ⎜ 1 ⎟ = −16.

Phase 1. Clausen. Jr. a1 = 2 m/s 2 v2 = 90 km/h − 54 km/h = 36 km/h = 10 m/s a3 = − 8 m/s 2 t1 = t3 = v2 − 0 10 − 0 = =5s a1 2 0 − v2 0 − 10 = = 1.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. x0 = − 30 − 16 = − 46 m x f = 30 + 5 = 35 m Initial velocity. 8/e. Russell Johnston. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Time of phase 1. Let x be the position of the front end of the car relative to the front end of the truck. Eisenberg.. Solution 77. lasting t1. respectively. v0 = 0 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. t2. dt The motion of the car relative to the truck occurs in 3 phases. acceleration.25 s a2 8 Phase 3. deceleration. Phillip J. Ferdinand P. Time of phase 3. David Mazurek. E. Let v= dx dt and a= dv . and t3 seconds. . Sketch the a−t curve. Areas: A1 = t1v2 = 10 m/s A3 = t3v = −10 m/s Initial and final positions. constant speed. Phase 2. Elliot R. William E. Beer.

Russell Johnston. Jr. Ferdinand P.75 + t2 ) + ( −10 )( 0.975 s t f = 11. E. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.75 = 4.. Elliot R.625 ) t2 = 49. t f = t1 + t2 + t3 x f = x0 + v0t f + t1 = t f − ∑ Ai ti 1 t1 2 = 5 + t2 + 1. t1 + t2 = 9. Eisenberg.5 = 3.225 s Total time. 8/e.975 s 10 t f = t1 + t2 + t3 = 11. David Mazurek. Clausen. Phillip J. .23 s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Final time. William E.625 s 2 35 = − 46 + 0 + (10 )( 3.25 − 2. Beer.75 + t2 t2 = 1 t3 = 0.

Solution 78. Eisenberg. Beer. Phase 2. Russell Johnston. .. 8/e. Phillip J. Let v= dx dt and a= dv . Phase 1. Ferdinand P. dt The motion of the car relative to the truck occurs in two phases. Sketch the a–t curve. Jr. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Areas: Initial and final positions x0 = − 30 − 16 = − 46 m x f = 30 + 5 = 35 m A1 = 2t1 A2 = − 8t2 a1 = 2 m/s 2 a2 = − 8 m/s 2 Initial and final velocities. Clausen. deceleration. E. Let x be the position of the front end of the car relative to the front end of the truck. lasting t1 and t2 seconds. acceleration. respectively. Elliot R. v0 = v f = 0 v f = v0 + A1 + A2 0 = 0 + 2t1 − 8t2 t1 = 4t2 x f = x0 + v0t f + t1 = t2 + t2 = ∑ Ai ti 1 t1 = 3t2 2 1 t2 2 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. David Mazurek. William E.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System 1  35 = − 46 + 0 + 2 ( 4t2 )( 3t2 ) + ( −8t2 )  t2  2  2 81 = 20 t2 t2 = 2. Beer.0 km/h ! Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Clausen. Elliot R. Russell Johnston. Maximum relative velocity.10 m/s vm = 60. 8/e. Eisenberg. vm = a1 t1 = ( 2 )( 8.0 vmax = 112. William E. David Mazurek. Ferdinand P.05 s t f = t1 + t2 = 10.0625 s. Phillip J.0 km/h Maximum velocity relative to ground. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Jr.05 ) = 16. E. vmax = vT + v = 54 + 60.0125 s t1 = 8.. .

365 m/s Average velocity: vave = 0. Jr.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.973 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Russell Johnston. Eisenberg.4932 ) = 0. Elliot R. E. Clausen. .. Beer.5) 0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. William E. Sketch acceleration curve. Phillip J.973 s vmax = v0 + A1 = 0 + j ( Δt ) 2 2 = (1. Let Then. Solution 79.4932 ) = 1. David Mazurek.4932 4Δt = ( 4 )( 0.5 )( 0.1825 m/s 4Δt 1.36 Δx = = 0.36 = 0. Ferdinand P. 8/e. j = jerk = amax = j ( Δt ) da dt A1 = 1 amax ( 2Δt ) = amax ( Δt ) 2 2 = j ( Δt ) v f = v0 + A1 − A2 0 = 0 + A1 − A2 A2 = A1 Δx = v0 ( 4Δt ) + ( A1 )( 3Δt ) − A2 ( Δt ) = 0 + 3 j ( Δt ) − j ( Δt ) = 2 j ( Δt ) Δt = (a) Shortest time: (b) Maximum velocity: 3 3 3 3 Δx = 2j 3 ( 2 )(1.

111 + 562.889 − ( 2 )( 3. E. Eisenberg.25) = 3. Jr. Solution 80.111 s amax 1.889 t f = 9.3 km/h Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. j ( Δt1 ) = amax A1 = or ( Δt1 ) = amax 1.125 m/s 2 vmax = 32 km/hr = 8.70 m/s 575 vave = 31.889 m/s = 2 A1 + A2 A2 = vmax − 2 A1 = 8. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. David Mazurek.5 = 575 s 8. William E. Use moment-area formula. Russell Johnston. Sketch the a−t curve.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. From the jerk limit. 8/e.58 min (a) t f = 2Δt1 + Δt2 + xf vmax = ( 2 )( 5 ) + 2.25 = = 5 s.125 ) = 2. j 0.25 Total distance is 5 km = 5000 m.111 + (b) vave = xf tf = 5000 = 8.639 m/s Δt2 = A2 2. Phillip J. Clausen. Ferdinand P. Elliot R.639 = = 2. 1 1 ⎛ ⎞ ⎛ ⎞ x f = x0 + v0t f + ( 2 A1 + A2 ) ⎜ t f − Δt1 − Δt2 ⎟ − ( 2 A1 + A2 ) ⎜ Δt1 + Δt2 ⎟ 2 2 ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ = 0 + 0 + vmax t f − 2Δt1 − Δt2 ( ) 5000 = 10 + 2. Beer.25 1 ( 5)(1. ..

Russell Johnston. Clausen.035417 )(15. x = v0 T ⎛ T 2T ⎞ ⎛2 T ⎞ ⎛1 T ⎞ + A1 ⎜ − ⎟ + A3 ⎜ ⋅ ⎟ + A4 ⎜ ⋅ ⎟ 2 9 ⎠ ⎝2 ⎝3 6⎠ ⎝3 6⎠ A3 = 1 T ( 0.0375T 2 6 v = 2. Beer.1875T T ⎛ 5T ⎞ ⎛T ⎞ 2 = 0 + ( 0.49 ) 2 x = 8. A1 = 0. ..45) = 0. Indicate areas A1 and A2 on the a − t curve. A1 = A2 = 1 T ( 0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. William E. 8/e.1T m/s 2 3 1 2T ( 0. Ferdinand P. E.2T = 0.6 ) = 0.3T (b) T = 15.05T ) ⎜ ⎟ + ( 0. Solution 81.05T 2 6 1 T ( 0.6 ) = 0. Elliot R.49 s vmax = 4. Phillip J. David Mazurek.1T ) ⎜ ⎟ + ( 0.50 m Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.90 m/s v = v0 + A1 + A3 + A4 = 0. ⎛7 ⎞ ⎛4 ⎞ x = v0t + ( A1 ) ⎜ T ⎟ + A2 ⎜ T ⎟ ⎝9 ⎠ ⎝9 ⎠ 7 2 8 2 15 2 1 2 40 = 0 + T + T = T = T 90 90 90 6 T 2 = ( 40 )( 6 ) = 240 s 2 (a) vmax = v0 + A1 + A2 = 0 + 0. Jr. Eisenberg.1T + 0.0375T ) = 0.2T m/s 2 3 By moment-area formula.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.1T A4 = (c) By moment-area formula.65 m/s Indicate area A3 and A4 on the a − t curve.6 ) = 0.035417T 18 ⎝ 18 ⎠ ⎝9⎠ = ( 0.

2 = 0.0467 m x0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.2 ) = 0.775 m/s v0.28 m x0. and A7 as shown.3 + A4 v0.3 s. Ferdinand P.4 = 1.3 = v0.5)( 0.2 + A3 v0.375 m/s 2 1 A4 = ( 2.1) = 0.28 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.4 = v0. Eisenberg. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.3 − 0.1142 m and x0. 2 ( 3)( 0.5 )( 0.2 = 1.5)( 0.2 = 0.1) = 0.2 = − 0. Divide the area of the a−t curve into the four areas A1.125)( 0.06667 − 0. 8/e.400 )( 0. .00833 m 3 x0.06667 m 3 A7 = (1.1) 2 ( 0. A2 . E.3 − x = ∫ t vdt or x = 0. Jr.1) = 0. Solution 82.3 − ∫ t vdt 0.2 = v0 + A1 + A2 v0. Phillip J. Russell Johnston.4 m/s 3 A2 = ( 5 )( 0. A3 and A4. A6 ..775 )( 0. Elliot R. (b) With At t = 0.3 − ( A5 + A6 ) − A7 2 ( 0. Beer.2 s. With A5 + A6 = A5 = x0.2 ) = 0.2 ) = 0. William E.4 ∫ x dx = 0. Clausen.3 = 1.400 m/s v0. David Mazurek.4 At t = 0.125 m/s 2 A3 = (a) Velocities: v0 = 0 v0.900 m/s Sketch the v − t curve and divide its area into A5 .2 ) = 1 m/s A1 = 1 ( 5 + 2.3 = 0.3 0.3 = 0.3 − A5 − (1. 0.

Ferdinand P.875 1. Clausen. Approximate the a−t curve by a series of rectangles of height ai . Eisenberg.915 (s) 1. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.913)( 2 ) − (11.547 −0.375 1.625 0. ti ai 2 − ti 2 ai ( 2 − ti ) (s ) 0.375 0. ∫ 0 adt ≈ v0 + Σai ( Δt ) ≈ v0 + ( Σai ) ( Δt ) (a) Using moment-area formula.205 −0. When equal widths of Δt = 0.004 0.913 ft/s ≈ x0 + v0t + ( Σai ( 2 − ti ) ) ( Δt ) (b) ≈ 0 + (1.955 ( ft/s ) At t = 2 s.955 )( 0.875 Σ −0.. E.125 −1. each with its centroid at t = ti . the values of ti and ai are those shown in the first two columns of the table below.650 ft/s v = v0 + 2 ( ) −11.125 −0. Russell Johnston. Beer.836 ft Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.215 −1.125 2 −7. .375 ( ft/s ) −3. 8/e.036 −0.028 −3.25 s are used. David Mazurek. Jr.650 )( 0. Solution 83. Phillip J.125 0.095 −0.675 −0.875 1.128 −0.390 1. Elliot R.125 0.875 1.625 0.375 1.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.25 ) x = 0.030 0.341 −0. 0 ≈ v0 − ( 7. William E.759 −0.625 ( ft/s ) −6.625 1.25 ) x = x0 + v0t + ∫ 0 ai ( t − ti ) dt ≈ x0 + v0t + Σai ( 2 − ti ) ( Δt ) 2 v0 = 1.112 −1.

74 = 48. x20 = vot + ∫ 0 a ( 20 − t ) dt = 0 + Σai ( 20 − t )( Δt ) 20 = ( 990. David Mazurek.41 + 10.87 ft/s 2 v8 = ( 48. the values of ti and ai are those shown in the first two columns of table below.87 )( 2 ) v8 = 97..1 100. Clausen. Elliot R.8 18.0 5.58 + 13.0 228. 20 − ti 2 ti ai ai ( 20 − ti ) (s ) 1 3 ( ft/s ) 17. Eisenberg.74 6. Russell Johnston. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. E. Approximate the a−t curve by a series of rectangles of height ai . Solution 84.14 + 7. Ferdinand P.00 3 1 9.6 68. William E.26 3. When equal widths of Δt = 2 s are used.0 5 7 9 11 13 15 10. Beer. 8/e.41 (s) 19 17 ( ft/s ) 334.18 15 13 11 152.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.0 990. only the first four values in the second column are summed: Σai = 17. .2 29. v8 = v0 + ∫ 0 adt ≈ 0 + Σai ( Δt ) 8 = ( Σai ) ( Δt ) Since t = 8 s.69 9 7 5 46.30 3.14 7. Phillip J. each with its centroid at t = ti . Jr.9 3.7 ft/s (b) At t = 20 s.1( ft/s ) (a) At t = 8 s.13 4.58 13.1)( 2 ) x20 = 1980 ft Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.5 17 19 Σ 3.

625 0.5 −13 17. Elliot R. .63 0. The given curve is approximated by a series of uniformly accelerated motions.667 30 25 20 25 20 10 −8 −11. Solution 85. William E.45 62. For uniformly accelerated motion.690 3.6 m Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Jr.. Russell Johnston.186 t = Σ ( Δt ) = 3. Eisenberg. 2 2 v2 − v1 = 2a ( x2 − x1 ) or Δx = Δt = 2 2 v2 − v1 2a v2 − v1 = a ( t2 − t1 ) or v2 − v1 a For the regions shown above. Phillip J.19 9. Ferdinand P.435 0.19 s (a) (b) Assuming x0 = 0.769 5 Σ 10 0 −14. Region 1 2 3 4 v1 ( m/s ) v2 ( m/s ) a m/s 2 −3 ( ) Δx ( m ) Δt ( s ) 32 30 20.78 11. Clausen. x = x0 + Σ ( Δx ) = 62.5 3.67 0. Beer.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. E.54 0. David Mazurek. 8/e. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Solution 86.25.4 m/s Δv = 1m/s from the curve and Δx = 0. a = ( 2 )(1. Ferdinand P.33 m/s 2 dv 1 = = 1. Δv = 1 m/s x = 0. Eisenberg. noting that dx dx Slope is calculated by drawing a tangent line at the required point.6 m from the tangent line. dx Δx (a) When x = 0. dx 0.0 m/s. and using two points on this line to dv Δv = . and Δx = 0. . Elliot R. Then. David Mazurek.25m from the tangent line a = (1. Russell Johnston.4 )( 4 ) a = 5.5 m from the curve. v = 1.6 m/s 2 dv 1 = = 4 s −1 dx 2.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.667s−1. William E.5 (b) When v = 2. 8/e. Jr. Beer.6 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Use a = v dv dv = slope of the given curve. determine Δx and Δv. Clausen.667 ) a = 3.. E.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Its centroid lies at By moment-area formula. Ferdinand P. . t = 1 t. Eisenberg. Phillip J. 8/e. Elliot R. The a−t curve for uniformly accelerated motion is shown. Russell Johnston. 2 ⎛1 ⎞ x = x0 + v0 + A ( t − t ) = x0 + v0t + ( at ) ⎜ t ⎟ ⎝2 ⎠ = x0 + v0t + 1 2 at 2 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.. William E. David Mazurek. E. The area of the rectangle is A = at. Solution 87. Clausen. Beer. Jr.

From the a−t curve. 8/e. Russell Johnston. Beer. E. or v0 = 8 m/s By moment-area formula. Jr.. David Mazurek. A1 = ( −2 )( 6 ) = − 12 m/s A2 = ( 2 )( 2 ) = 4 m/s Over 6 s < t < 10 s. x12 = x0 + v0t + moment of shaded area about t = 12s x12 = 0 + ( 8 )(12 ) + ( − 12 )(12 − 3) + ( 4 )(12 − 11) x12 = − 8 m Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Phillip J. Clausen. William E. . v = − 4 m/s or − 4 = v0 − 12. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Ferdinand P. Solution 88. v = v0 + A1.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Elliot R. Eisenberg.

2167 ⎞ x1 = 0 + ( 90 )( 4. Phillip J. 8/e.8 v f = v0 + ΣA 0 = 90 − 3.8 t1 = 3.8167 s A2 = − 86. Solution 89. E.80 ) ⎜ ⎟ ⎠ ⎝ 2 ⎠ ⎣⎝ 8 x1 = 174.2s.8 s.8 ft/s.2 − 24t1 + 4. ⎡3 ⎤ ⎛ 3. 3 A2 = ( − 24 )( t1 − 0.8167 ) + ( − 3.2 ) = − 3. Jr.0167 ) + ( −12.2 ) ⎢⎜ ( 0.3 ft Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. David Mazurek. (a) T = 0.2167 ⎥ + ( −77.80 ft/s t1 − T = 3.2 v f = v0 + ΣA or 0 = 90 − 12. x1 = x0 + v0t1 + moment of area ⎡⎛ 3 ⎞ ⎛ 3. A1 = 2 ( − 24 )( 0. A2 = − 77.2 ft/s 3 A2 = ( − 24 )( t1 − 0.8 ) = − 24t1 + 19. Elliot R.8) = −12.7 ft (b) T = 0. Russell Johnston.2 ) ⎜ ⎟ ⎣8 ⎦ ⎝ 2 ⎠ x1 = 192. Clausen.2 ft/s t1 = 4.8 − 24t1 + 19.6167 ⎟ + ( − 86. Eisenberg. . A1 = 2 ( − 24 )( 0.0167 s t1 − T = 3. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Beer. Ferdinand P.6167 ⎞ x1 = 0 + ( 90 )( 3..2167s By moment-area formula.8 ) ⎢ ( 0.2 ) + 3.8 ) + 3.6167 s By moment-area formula. William E.2.2 ) = − 24t1 + 4.

Data from Prob. Russell Johnston. A1 = (18 − 10 )(1.5 ) = 12 ft/s t1 = ( 24 − 14 ) = 10 s A2 = ( 24 − 18 )( − 3) = −18 ft/s t2 = ( 24 − 21) = 3 s xm = −48 + ( 6 )( 24 ) + (12 )(10 ) + ( −18 )( 3) xm = 162 ft ! Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Jr. tm = 24 s A1 = (18 − 10 )(1.5 ) = 12 ft/s t1 = 20 − 14 = 6s A2 = ( 2 )( − 3) = − 6 ft/s t2 = 20 − 19 = 1 s x20 = −48 + ( 6 )( 20 ) + (12 )( 6 ) + ( − 6 )(1) x20 = 138 ft ! (b) Maximum value of position coordinate.5 ft/s ! 18 − 10 −18 − 18 a= = − 3 ft/s ! 30 − 18 a=0 ! (a) Position when t = 20 s. 10 s < t < 18 s. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Beer. 65 x0 = − 48 ft. x is maximum where v = 0. 8/e. Ferdinand P. 18 s < t < 30 s. . Phillip J. William E. Elliot R. Solution 90. David Mazurek. From velocity diagram. Clausen. 30 s < t < 40 s x = x0 + v0t + ∑ Ai ti a= a=0! 18 − 6 = 1. Eisenberg.. v0 = 6 ft/s The a – t curve is just the slope of the v – t curve. 0 < t < 10 s.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. E.

1 m/s 2 85.37   = − 38. Elliot R. (a) t = 0.0° ( 2 )2 + ( 24 )2  24  θ = tan −1   = 85. v= v y = − 2. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.3° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. E. Solution 91.82 m/s ( 3)2 + (2. a= a y = 24 m/s 2 = 24.25 m/s This is the equation of a rectangular hyperbola.. 2 (b) t = vx = 3 m/s. Russell Johnston. x = ( t + 1) 2 y = 4 ( t + 1) −2 −3 −4 & vx = x = 2 ( t + 1) & a x = vx = 2 & v y = y = − 8 ( t + 1) & a y = v y = 24 ( t + 1) Solve for (t + 1)2 from expression for x. Then. Clausen. Ferdinand P. 8/e.82 m/s 38. Phillip J. . y= 4 x (t + 1)2 = x xy = 4 vx = 2 m/s.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Eisenberg.2°  2  a = 24.1 m/s 2 76. David Mazurek. Substitute into expression for y. ( 2 ) 2 + ( − 8 )2 θ = tan −1   −8   = − 76.37 m/s = 3. William E.25 m/s ax = 2 m/s 2 . Jr.3°  3  v = 3.37)2 θ = tan −1   −2.2° 1 s.0°  2 v = 8. v= v y = − 8 m/s = 8. Beer.

2°  2  a = 5. Jr.15 m/s 2 67. William E.74 m/s 2 a = 22 + 4.74  Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Elliot R.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System ax = 2 m/s. Eisenberg. Russell Johnston.742 = 5. Phillip J. Beer.15 m/s 2 θ = tan −1   = 67.2°  4. Clausen. David Mazurek. E. .. a y = 4. 8/e. Ferdinand P. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Solution 92.8 dt dt dy = dx dy dt dx dt ( ) Then.8 )( 6 ) = −4.0 m/s 36. a = 0 vx = ( −0.8 m/s. v = 6.9°.0 m/s 2 36.9° (b) At t = 3 s.6u m dx du = −0.8 m/s 2 .6 )( − 6 ) = − 3. dy du = + 0. E. Elliot R.6 = − 0.0 m/s (c) At t = 4 s. dt and vx = ( −0. Beer. Clausen. a = 6. dt ax = d 2x = ( − 0. dt 2 d u =0 dt 2 v y = ( 0. a = 6.6 )( 6 ) = 3.0 m/s 36.2 m/s.6 )( − 6 ) = − 3.8 )( − 6 ) = 4. Let u = t t 2 − 9t + 18 = t 3 − 9t 2 + 18t du d 2u = 3t 2 − 18t + 18. v = 9.6 )( −9 ) = −5. .8u m y = − 4 + 0.9°. Ferdinand P.6 m/s a y = ( 0. du = −6.8 )( −9 ) = 7. Eisenberg.4 m/s ay = 0 2 vy = dy = ( 0.75 = constant 0.6 m/s 2 v = 6. dx At t = 2 s. Phillip J.8 )( −6 ) = 4. dt dt 2 dx vx = = ( − 0.6 m/s dt a y = ( 0.0 m/s 2 36. William E. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. du = −9..8 m/s 2 . 8/e. dt ax = 0.6 dx dt 0. and = 6t − 18 dt dt 2 x = 6 − 0.9°. Russell Johnston.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.8 =− Since (a) dy does not change.6 )( −6 ) = −3.8 m/s.9° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.6 m/s 2 36. David Mazurek. and = − 6. ax = ( −0.8)( − 6 ) = 4. Jr. and d 2u =6 dt 2 v y = ( 0. the path is straight. du d 2u = − 6.

Eisenberg.42 m/s v = 7. David Mazurek. Clausen. Russell Johnston. Phillip J. Substitute the given expressions for x and y into the given equation of the ellipse.14 m/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. v = 3. 3 (c) When t = 1 s.. Ferdinand P. y = 0 v = 9. 8/e. Solution 93.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. & 3.26 m/s −6π (2 − 1 ) 2 ( ) = − 4π − 2 3 & x=0 and & y = 3π ( −3) ( 3)2 = −π . 1 (b) When t = s. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Beer. & x= & y = ( 4cos π t − 2 )(π sin π t ) = −6π sin π t −4π sin π t − ( 2 − cos π t ) ( 2 − cos π t )2 ( 2 − cos π t )2 3sin π t (π sin π t ) 3π ( 2cos π t − 1) 3π cos π t − = ( 2 − cos π t ) ( 2 − cos π t )2 ( 2 − cos π t )2 & x=0 & x= (a) When t = 0 s. William E. Jr. 16 cos 2 π t − 16 cos π t + 4 9sin 2 π t x2 y2 + = + 2 2 4 3 4 ( 2 − cos π t ) 3 ( 2 − cos π t ) = 4 cos 2 π t − 4 cos π t + 1 + 3sin 2 π t ( ) ( 2 − cos π t )2 = 4 − 4 cos π t + cos 2 π t ( 2 − cos π t )2 =1 & & Calculate x and y by differentiation. . Elliot R. and 3 2 & y = 3π . E. and note that the equation is satisfied.

e. dx dy = 6 − 3cos t and = 3sin t vx = vy = dt dx 2 v 2 = vx + v 2 = ( 6 − 3cos t ) + 9sin 2 t = 45 − 36 cos t ( m/s ) y 2 2 d (v ) = 36sin t = 0 dt 2 t = 0. 2 (v ) 2 min = 45 − 36 = 9 ( m/s ) . When t = π . cos t = −1.27 37. Sketch the path of the particle. David Mazurek. William E. π . Ferdinand P. Clausen. E. and y = 6 − 3cos t obtain the values in the table below..COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Eisenberg. Russell Johnston. cos t = 1. t ( s) 0 x (m) 0 y (m) 3 π 2 6.70 6 9 6 3 3 π π 2 2π (a) Differentiate with respect to t to obtain velocity components. 8/e. Solution 94. Jr. and and v 2 is minimum. vmin = 3 m/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Plot as shown.85 31. i. v 2 is maximum. Using x = 6t − sin t . Elliot R. Phillip J. Beer. . and 2π in the range 0 ≤ t ≤ 2π . plot of y versus x. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. When t = 0 or 2π .42 18.

vx = 3 m/s. x = 0. Ferdinand P. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. v y = 0 t=0 r = (3 m) j tan θ = vy vx =0 θ =0 t = 2π s. . Phillip J. E. vmax = 9 m/s (b) t = 0. David Mazurek. y = 3 m. x = 6π m. Eisenberg. vx = 3 m/s. William E. Clausen. vy vx vy = 0 t =π s θ =0 vx = 9 m/s. Elliot R. Russell Johnston.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System (v ) 2 max = 45 + 36 = 81 ( m/s ) . 8/e. r = ( 6π m ) i + ( 9 m ) j tan θ = vy vx θ = 0° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Jr. y = 9 m. vy = 0 t = 2π s r = (12π m ) i + ( 3 m ) j tan θ = t = π s. Beer.. x = 12π m. y = 3 m.

Jr..COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. 8/e. Beer. Phillip J. E. Eisenberg. Ferdinand P. William E. Given: r = A ( cos t + t sin t ) i + A ( sin t − t cos t ) j v= dr = A ( − sin t + sin t + t cos t ) i + A ( cos t − cos t + t sin t ) j dt = A ( t cos t ) i + A ( t sin t ) j dv = A ( cos t − t sin t ) i + A ( sin t + t cos t ) j dt a= (a) When r and a are perpendicular. David Mazurek. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Clausen. Elliot R. r ⋅ a = 0 A ⎡( cos t + t sin t ) i + ( sin t − t cos t ) j⎤ ⋅ A ⎡( cos t − t sin t ) i + ( sin t + t cos t ) j⎤ = 0 ⎣ ⎦ ⎣ ⎦ A2 ⎡( cos t + t sin t )( cos t − t sin t ) + ( sin t − t cos t )( sin t + t cos t ) ⎤ = 0 ⎣ ⎦ ( cos (b) 2 t − t 2 sin 2 t + sin 2 t − t 2 cos 2 t = 0 1 − t2 = 0 ) ( ) t = 1s When r and a are parallel. r × a = 0 A ⎡( cos t + t sin t ) i + ( sin t − t cos t ) j⎤ × A ⎡( cos t − t sin t ) i + ( sin t + t cos t ) j⎤ = 0 ⎣ ⎦ ⎣ ⎦ A2 ⎡( cos t + t sin t )( sin t + t cos t ) − ( sin t − t cos t )( cos t − t sin t ) ⎤ k = 0 ⎣ ⎦ (sin t cos t + t sin 2 t + t cos 2 t + t 2 sin t cos t − sin t cos t − t cos2 t − t sin 2 t + t 2 sin t cos t = 0 2t = 0 ) ( ) t =0 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. . Russell Johnston. Solution 95.

Ferdinand P.4 in.5cos 3π ) j ) ( ) a = 70. v= 1 ⎤ ⎡ r = 30 ⎢1 − i + 20 e−π t/2 cos 2π t j t + 1⎥ ⎣ ⎦ ( ) dr 1 ⎛ π ⎞ = 30 + 20 ⎜ − e−π t/2 cos 2π t − 2π e−π t/2 sin 2π t ⎟ j 2 dt ⎝ 2 ⎠ ( t + 1) = a= ⎡ ⎛1 ⎞⎤ i − 20π ⎢e−π t/2 ⎜ cos 2π t + 2sin 2π t ⎟ ⎥ j 2 ⎝ ⎠⎦ ⎣ ( t + 1) 30 2 ⎡ π ⎤ dv 2 ⎛1 ⎞ i − 20π ⎢ − e−π t/2 ⎜ cos 2π t + 2sin 2π t ⎟ + e−π t/2 ( −π sin 2π t + 4π cos 2π t ) ⎥ j = −30 3 dt ⎝2 ⎠ ⎣ 2 ⎦ ( t + 1) = −60 ( t + 1) 3 i − 10π 2e −π t/2 ( 4sin 2π t − 7.8° a=− 60 = −3.5 ⎠ ⎝ = (18 in. Elliot R.) j v= 30 r = 18. 60 i − 10π 2 (1)( 0 − 7.75π ⎜ cos 3π + 0 ⎟ j ⎝2 ⎠ = ( 4.3° 85. Beer. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.8956 in.9° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.5) 2 ⎛1 ⎞ i − 20π e −0. E. Solution 96. Given: Differentiating to obtain v and a./s 31.5 ) j 1 a = 743 in. Jr. Clausen. Phillip J.1582 in.10 in./s 2 1 ⎞ ⎛ −0. Russell Johnston. David Mazurek./s 2 j ( ( 2.) i + ( −1..84 in. William E.9778 in.75π ( 0 − 7. . 6. 8/e./s ) i + ( 2.5 s.65 in.25π r = 30 ⎜1 − cos 3π j ⎟ i + 20e 2. 1⎞ ⎛ r = 30 ⎜1 − ⎟ i + 20 (1) j 1⎠ ⎝ ⎡ ⎛1 ⎛1⎞ ⎞⎤ v = 30 ⎜ ⎟ i − 20π ⎢(1) ⎜ + 0 ⎟ ⎥ j 1⎠ 2 ⎝ ⎠⎦ ⎣ ⎝ r = 20 in.5) 3 i + 10π 2e−0.5cos 2π t ) j (a) At t = 0.4° a=− (b) At t = 1./s2 86./s ) j v = 5. v = 43./s 2 i + 70./s 46.3 in. Eisenberg.0° ( 2.80 in.

. Given: Differentiating to obtain v and a. Ferdinand P. Solution 97. Clausen. Eisenberg. Phillip J. Jr. 8/e. v 2 = vx 2 + v 2 + v z 2 y = ⎡ R ( cos ω nt − ω nt sin ω nt ) ⎤ + ( c ) + ⎡ R ( sin ω nt + ω nt cos ω nt ) ⎤ ⎣ ⎦ ⎣ ⎦ 2 = R 2 ⎡cos 2 ω nt − 2ω nt sin ω nt cos ω nt + ω n t 2 sin 2 ω nt ⎤ + c 2 ⎣ ⎦ 2 + R 2 ⎡sin 2 ω nt + 2ω nt sin ω nt cos ω nt + ω n t 2 cos 2 ω nt ⎤ ⎣ ⎦ 2 = R2 1 + ωn t 2 + c2 2 2 2 ( ) v= 2 R2 1 + ωn t 2 + c2 ( ) 2 2 a 2 = ax + a 2 + az y ⎡ 2 = R 2 ⎢ −2ω n sin ω nt − ω n t cos ω nt ⎣ ( ) + ( 2ω 2 n cos ω nt 2⎤ 2 − ω n t sin ω nt ⎥ ⎦ ) 2 3 4 2 = R 2 ⎡ 4ω n sin 2 ω nt + 4ω nt sin ω nt cos ω nt + ω n t 2 cos 2 ω nt + 4ω n cos 2 ω nt ⎣ 3 4 − 4ω nt sin ω nt cos ω nt + ω n t 2 sin 2 ω nt ⎤ ⎦ 2 4 = R 2 4ω n + ω n t 2 ( ) 2 a = Rω n 4 + ω n t 2 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. E. Russell Johnston. Beer. David Mazurek. . v= a= r = ( Rt cos ω nt ) i + ctj + ( Rt sin ω nt ) k dr = R ( cos ω nt − ω nt sin ω nt ) i + cj + R ( sin ω nt + ω nt cos ω nt ) k dt dv = R −ω n sin ω nt − ω n sin ω nt − ω n 2t cos ω nt i + R ω n cos ω nt + ω n cos ω nt − ω n 2t sin ω nt k dt = R ⎡ −2ω n sin ω nt − ω n 2t cos ω nt i + 2ω n cos ω nt − ω n 2t sin ω nt ⎤ k ⎣ ⎦ ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) Magnitudes of v and a. William E.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Elliot R. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

r ⋅ v = 0 ( 3t cos t ) 3 ( cos t − t sin t ) +   or (3 t + 1)  2   + ( t sin t )( sin t + t cos t ) = 0  t2 + 1  3t (9t cos t − 9t 2 2 sin t cos t + ( 9t ) + t sin 2 t + t 2 sin t cos t = 0 continued ) ( ) Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. . 2 2 2 r = ( 3t cos t ) i + 3 t 2 + 1 j + ( t sin t ) k ( )  y x z  A −  A −  B  = 1!       2 2 Differentiating to obtain v and a. cos t = x At 2 y = A t 2 + 1. And Then. For A = 3 and  y x z  A −1 =  A +  B        B = 1. Ferdinand P. Eisenberg.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Solution 98. r = ( At cos t ) i + A t 2 + 1 j + ( Bt sin t ) k Given: ( ) from which x = At cos t . Jr. David Mazurek. Russell Johnston. 8/e. E. dr t v= = 3 ( cos t − t sin t ) i + 3 j + ( sin t + t cos t ) k 2 dt t +1 dv 1 a= = 3 ( −2sin t − t cos t ) i + 3 j + ( 2cos t − t sin t ) k 3 dt t2 + 1 2 ( ) (a) At t = 0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Phillip J. sin t = z Bt 2 z = Bt sin t  y t2 =   − 1  A or x  y t2 =   +    A B 2 2 2 2  x   z  cos 2 t + sin 2 t = 1 ⇒   +   = 1  At   At  Then. Elliot R.. Beer.61 ft/s 2 ! (b) If r and v are perpendicular. v = 3 (1 − 0 ) i + ( 0 ) j + ( 0 ) k a = −3 ( 0 ) i + 3 (1) j + ( 2 − 0 ) h a 2 = ( 3) + ( 2 ) = 13 2 2 v = 3 ft/s ! a = 3. Clausen. William E.

Russell Johnston. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Eisenberg. Jr.82 s ! Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System With t ≠ 0.631 s t = 4. William E. David Mazurek. Ferdinand P.38 s t = 3. 8/e.. Beer. 9cos 2 t − 8t sin t cos t + 9 + sin 2 t = 0 10 − 8t sin t cos t + 8cos 2 t = 0 or The smallest root is The next root is 7 + 2cos 2t − 2t sin 2t = 0 2t = 7. Elliot R. Clausen. E. . Phillip J.

81) 2 hmax = 10. 8/e.. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Beer. Eisenberg.62 m Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Elliot R.94 s Rejecting the t = 0 solution gives t = (b) Landing distance: (c) Vertical distance: or d = ( 25)( 2.94 ) x v0t = = cos 30° cos 30° cos 30° 1 2 gt 2 d = 84. Clausen. William E. Jr. Horizontal motion: Vertical motion: from which y = − x tan 30° x = x0 + ( vx )0 t = v0t y = y0 + v y t2 = − ( )0 t − 1 gt 2 = − 1 gt 2 2 2 2y 2 x tan 30° 2v0t tan 30° = = g g g 2v0 tan 30° ( 2 )( 25 ) tan 30° = g 9. Phillip J. . or t = vo tan 30° g 2 hmax = ( v0 )( v0 tan 30°) tan 30° − 1 g ⎛ v0 tan 30° ⎞ g ⎜ 2 ⎝ 2 g ⎟ ⎠ v 2 tan 2 30° ( 25 ) ( tan 30° ) = 0 = 2g ( 2 )( 9. dh = v0 tan 30° − gt = 0 dt Then.9 m h = x tan 30° + y h = v0t tan 30° − Differentiating and setting equal to zero. E.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. David Mazurek. Russell Johnston. Ferdinand P.81 t = 2. (a) At the landing point. Solution 99.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 11, Solution 100.

Horizontal motion:

x = x0 + ( vx )0 t = v0t ,

or

t =

x v0 y = y0 − gx 2 2 2v0

Vertical motion:

y = y0 + v y

( )0 t − 1 gt 2 = y0 − 1 gt 2 2 2
so that y0 = gx 2 2 2v0

or

At ground level, y = 0,

At x = 50 m,

y0 =

( 9.81)( 50 )2 ( 2 )( 30 )2

= 13.625 m

h = y0 − 13 = 0.625 m At x = 53 m, y0 =

( 9.81)( 53)2 ( 2 )( 30 )2

= 15.31 m

h = y0 − 13 = 2.31 m Range to avoid: 0.625 m < h < 2.31 m

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 11, Solution 101.

Horizontal motion. Vertical motion. Eliminate t.

vx = v0 y=h− t= x v0
gx 2 2(h − y)

x = v0t 1 2 gt 2 y=h− gx 2 2 2v0

Solve for v0.
Data: h = 3 ft, g = 32.2 ft/s2

v0 =

(a) To strike corner C. v0 =

x = d = 15 ft, y = 0 v0 = 34.7 ft/s x = 15 ft, y = 1 ft v0 = 42.6 ft/s x = 15 − 1 = 14 ft, y = 0 v0 = 32.4 ft/s 32.4 ft/s < v0 < 42.6 ft/s

( 32.2 )(15)2 ( 2 )( 3 − 0 ) ( 32.2 )(15)2 ( 2 )( 3 − 1) ( 32.2 )(14 )2 ( 2 )( 3 − 0 )

To strike point B. v0 =

To strike point D. v0 =

(b) Range to strike corner BCD.

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 11, Solution 102.

Place origin of coordinates at point A. Horizontal motion:

( vx )0 = 90 mi/h = 132 ft/s
x = x0 + ( vx )0 t = 0 + 132t ft

At point B where t B = 6.5 s, xB = (132 )( 6.5 ) = 858 ft (a) Distance AB. From geometry Vertical motion: At point B − xB tan 10° = h + 0 − (b) Initial height. 1 ( 32.2 )( 6.5)2 2 h = 529 ft d = 858 cos 10° d = 871 ft

y = y0 + v y

( )0 t − 1 gt 2 2

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 11, Solution 103.

Data: Horizontal motion. Vertical motion. Eliminate t.

v0 = 25 ft/s, α = 90° − 55° = 35°, g = 32.2 ft/s 2 x = ( v0 cos α ) t y = h + ( v0 sin α ) t − t= x v0 cos α gx 2
2 2v0 cos 2 α

1 2 gt 2

y = h + x tan α − Solve for h. To hit point B.

h = y − x tan α + x = 20 ft, y = 0 h = 0 − 20 tan 35° +

gx 2 2 2v0 cos 2 α

( 32.2 )( 20 )2 ( 2 )( 25cos 35°)2 ( 32.2 )( 24 )2 ( 2 )( 25cos 35°)2

= 1.352 ft

To hit point C.

x = 24 ft, y = 0 h = 0 − 24 tan 35° + = 5.31 ft 1.352 ft < h < 5.31 ft

Range of values of h.

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.01 ft To water point C. y = x tan α x tan α = x tan β − x= gx 2 2 2v0 cos 2 β Solve for x. Eisenberg. At points B and C Hence.. 8/e.01 ft d B = 15. Jr. xB 2 2v0 cos 2 β ( tan β − tan α ) g β = 90° − φ0 = 90° − 40° = 50° ( 2 )( 24 )2 cos2 50° = 32. David Mazurek. Beer. Vertical motion.2 ( tan 50° − tan10°) = 15. Place the origin at A.2 ft Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Ferdinand P.2 ft dC = − xC = 20.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.2 ( tan130° − tan10°) = − 20. William E. Russell Johnston. Let β be the direction of the discharge velocity measured counterclockwise from the x-axis Horizontal motion. ( vy )0 = v0 sin β y = ( v0 sin β ) t − = x tan β − 1 2 gt 2 gx 2 2 2v0 cos 2 β Geometry. . xC β = 90° + φ0 = 90° + 40° = 130° ( 2 )( 24 )2 cos2 130° = 32. Solution 104. To water point B. Clausen. ( vx )0 = v0 cos β t = x v0 cos β x = ( v0 cos β ) t Solve for t. E. Phillip J. Elliot R.

Eisenberg. Clausen.8 m < 3.. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. x0 = 0.937 m Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.7217 )2 2 ymax = 3.81)( 0. Russell Johnston.3941)2 2 or At x = 15.2 − 0 = 1. E. 8/e.2 m.3941) − y = 0. Elliot R.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. (b) Corresponding value of y : y = 0.16 m < 3. Beer. Jr. v0 = 13 m/s.7217 ) − 1.6 + (13sin 33° )( 0. vy = 0 t = or t = 1 2 gt 2 v0 sin α g (a) 13sin 33° = 0.6 m Vertical motion: v y = v0 sin α − gt y = y0 + ( v0 sin α ) t − At maximum height.7217 s 9.7 m Horizontal motion: x = x0 + ( v0 cos α ) t t = 15.81 1 ( 9. Solution 105. William E. . y0 = 0.6 + (13sin 33° )(1. David Mazurek. α = 33°.16 m yes t = x − x0 v0 cos α ymax = 0. Phillip J. Ferdinand P.81)(1.3941 s 13cos 33° 1 ( 9.

066 − ( −2.903)( 0.905)( −2.81)( 0.790 )2 − ( 4 )( 4. E.66 m d = x − 12.377 ) 9.903 m/s. Then.2 − 0 = 0.81 m/s 2 t = 0.81 x = ( 39. David Mazurek.3057 ) + 1 ( 9. Eisenberg. . Ferdinand P.46 m Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Horizontal motion: x = x0 + ( vx )0 t or t= x − x0 ( v x )0 ( vx )0 = 40cos 4° = 39. Jr.2 = 0. Russell Johnston.790 ) t − 2.4676 s d = 6.3057 s ( vy )0 = − 40sin 4° = − 2. Vertical motion: t= 12. Solution 106. ( )0 t − h = 0 1 ( 9.066 m ( )0 t + 1 gt 2 = 1.377 = 0 2 t= At t = 0. Elliot R.4676 ) = 18. −2.903 x0 = 0 y = h + vy ( )0 t − 1 gt 2 2 and and g = 9.790 )( 0. h = y − vy y = 1. At x = 12.38 m 1 2 gt − v y 2 (b) At y = 0..COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.4952 s.790 m/s (a) At the net.2 m. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Beer.790 + ( 2.3057 )2 2 2 h = 2. 8/e.3057 s 39. Clausen. Phillip J. William E.81) t 2 − ( −2.

Elliot R.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.2948 s 32.2 )( 3) = 445. . Eisenberg.1 ft/s ( 0. Beer.21688 2 v0 g 2 v0 = 4. E.2 x = 4. Russell Johnston. Solution 107.6108 gy = ( 4. Jr.44974 0 ⎟ g⎠ 2 ⎝ g⎠ ⎝ y = 0.2948 ) Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.44974 0 ⎟ − g ⎜ 0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.4 ft 2 /s 2 (a) t= (b) v0 = 21.1) = 0. Phillip J.44974 0 g g 2 t = ( tan 45° − tan 20° ) cos 45° ⎛ v ⎞ 1 ⎛ v ⎞ y = v0 sin 45° ⎜ 0. Clausen. Ferdinand P. David Mazurek. vy vx = tan 45° − gt = tan 20° v0 cos 45° v0 v = 0.40 ft x = ( 21..6108 )( 32. William E.1cos 45° )( 0. The horizontal and vertical components of velocity and position are vx = v0 cos 45° v y = v0 sin 45° − gt x = v0 cos 45°t y = v0 sin 45°t − 1 2 gt 2 At landing on belt.44974 )( 21. 8/e.

9304 cos 31° v0 = 119.2 d = 61. To clear tree B: From (2). Ferdinand P.0596 s ( v0 ) A = 90 = 99.43) sin 31° cos 31° = 391. William E. From (1).43 ft/s ( 2 )(119. Elliot R.12282 s 2 . From (1). The larger value governs. E. Jr.2 = 1.1 ft 2 d = xc − 330 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.43 ft/s 2. Beer.13 ft 32. 32.4 ft/s v0 = 119. Russell Johnston.5875 s 2 .2 ( v0 )B = 300 = 119. . y A = 36 ft 2 ( 90 tan 31° − 36 ) 32. Clausen. t A = 1. Phillip J.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. From (3). yB = 42 ft t B = 2. 8/e. David Mazurek. xc = 2 tA = x A = 90 ft. The horizontal and vertical motions are x t cos α 1 1 y = ( v0 sin α ) t − gt 2 = x tan α − gt 2 2 2 x = ( v0 cos α ) t or v0 = (1) or At the landing point C: And (a) t2 = yc = 0.9304 s ( tB )2 = 2 ( 300 tan 31° − 42 ) = 8. Solution 108.. Eisenberg.0596cos 31° xB = 300 ft. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. 2 ( x tan α − y ) g t= 2v0 sin α g (2) xc = ( v0 cos α ) t = 2 2v0 sin α cos α g (3) α = 31° To clear tree A: From (2).088 ft/s 1.

William E.78247 s. . Phillip J. Clausen. Eisenberg.6240 s.1 ft/s d = 88. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Jr.09 ft/s xc = 418. t A = 0. t B = 2. E.. Beer.7 ft v0 = 129.31 ft/s v0 = 129.69 ft Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. ( v0 )B = 128.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System (b) α = 27° By a similar calculation.09 ft/s. David Mazurek. Elliot R. Russell Johnston. ( v0 ) A = 129. Ferdinand P. 8/e.

Ferdinand P. Eisenberg.2 m. 8/e.1) = 0. v0 = x 4.81 t B = 0.7852 s From the horizontal motion. xB = 4. . William E. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Clausen. Solution 109. David Mazurek. Beer.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.6 m. Elliot R. or and y = y0 + ( v0 sin α ) t − y = y0 + x tan α − 2 ( y0 + x tan α − y ) g 1 2 gt .. v0 cos α and 1 2 gt 2 From which Using t2 = y0 = 0. Russell Johnston.98 m/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Jr. Using α = 40° the horizontal and vertical motions are x = ( v0 cos α ) t.2 tan 40° − 1. Phillip J.6166 s 2 9. 2 tB = and yB = 1.1 m 2 ( 0. E.2 = t cos α ( 0.6 + 4. 2 t= x .7852cos 40° ) v0 = 6.

430 = 4. Russell Johnston.430 m. Clausen. Horizontal motion: x = ( v0 cos α ) t or 1 2 gt 2 t= x v0 cos α Vertical motion: y = y0 + v0 sin α t − y = y0 + x tan α − t2 = g 1 2 gt 2 2 ( y0 + x tan α − y ) (a) When d = 228 mm = 0. Phillip J.3480 s 2 9.57 tan 30° − 3. x = 5 − 0. 8/e.81 t = 0. E. Eisenberg.772 0.569cos 30° v0 = 9..569 s v0 = 4.772 m t2 = 2 ( 2 + 4.048 ) = 0.048 ) = 0.81 t = 0. William E.590 s v0 = (b) When d = 430 mm = 0.590cos 30° v0 = 9.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.228 = 4. David Mazurek.57 0.34 m/s x = 5 − 0. Elliot R. 4. Jr. Solution 110. Ferdinand P. Beer. .27 m/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.57 m t2 = 2 ( 2 + 4.772 tan 30° − 3.228 m.3243 s 2 9.

Solve for tB. vx = v0 sin β x = ( v0 sin β ) t xB = R cos β = ( v0 sin β ) t B tB = R v0 tan β v y = v0 cos β y = ( v0 cos β ) t − 1 2 gt 2 At point B. Beer. Solution 111. E. William E. ⎛ cos β ⎞ R gR 2 = 2 R ⎜ sin β + ⎟= tan β ⎠ sin β 2v0 tan 2 β ⎝ 2 v0 = Solve for v0. Elliot R. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Russell Johnston. 8/e. Place the origin at A with x-axis horizontal to the right and y-axis vertically upward. Phillip J. Ferdinand P. gR sin β 2 tan 2 β gR cos 2 β 2sin β = v0 = cos β gR 2sin β Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.. . David Mazurek. yB = − R sin β = R cos β gR 2 − 2 tan β 2v0 tan 2 β Simplifying. Vertical motion. Eisenberg. Clausen. Jr.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. At point B. Horizontal motion.

5 m.81 m/s 2 Range of values of v0. 8/e.649 m/s ( 9. α = 10°.81)( 50 )2 = 12643.. v0 sin α − gt = 0 34. t= x v0 cos α gx 2 2 2v0 cos 2 α y = y0 + x tan α − (1) Data: (a) y = 2.8 10. For y = 1.840 m/s v0 = 36.5 m. Phillip J.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Jr. Clausen. (b) Maximum height.8 m/s ≤ v0 ≤ 36. Solution 112. Ferdinand P.1 m. Range for v0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. g = 9. Horizontal motion: vx = v0 cos α x = v0t cos α Vertical motion: v y = v0 sin α − gt y = y0 + ( v0 sin α ) t − 1 2 gt 2 Eliminate t.1 + 50 tan10° − y ) cos 2 10° v0 = 34. Beer. E. Elliot R. Solve equation (1) for v0 2 2v0 cos 2 α = gx 2 y0 + x tan α − y v0 = gx 2 = 2 ( y0 + x tan α − y ) ( 2 )( 2. Russell Johnston.9163 − y For y = 0. . William E. x = 50 m.6 m/s vy = 0 tm = v0 sin α g continued Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Eisenberg. David Mazurek.

16 m Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Ferdinand P..1643 m 3. Elliot R. Jr. Russell Johnston. Phillip J.81) 0 2 For v0 = 34.9655 m ym = 4.649 m/s Range for ym.840 m/s. Eisenberg. For v0 = 36. ym = 3. 8/e.97 m ≤ ym ≤ 4.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System v sin α 1  v0 sin α  ym = y0 + ( v0 sin α ) 0 − g  g 2  g  = y0 + 2 sin 2 10° 2 v0 sin 2 α = 2. Beer. David Mazurek. . Clausen. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.1 + v 2g ( 2 )( 9. William E. E.

96° )( 8. Phillip J. yB = 0 x = ( v0 sin α ) t or t= x v0 sin α (1) v y = v0 cos α − gt y = ( v0 cos α ) t − 1 2 ( v0 cos α ) x gx 2 gt = − 2 v0 sin α 2 v0 sin 2 α ( ) 2 At point B.51 s ! (b) Then. .81)(8. William E. x A = 0.96° = = 8.96° ! At maximum height.81)(104 ) = 0. ymax = ( 86cos 3. E. Given: Horizontal motion: Vertical motion: v0 = 86 m/s.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Jr.746 ) − tB = xB 104 = v0 sin α ( 86 )( sin 3. Solution 113. David Mazurek.746 )2 2 ymax = 375 m ! t B = 17. xB = 104 m. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.746 s g 9. 8/e. Clausen. (c) From equation (1). Eisenberg. yB = 0 = ( v0 cosα ) xB v0 sin α − 2 gxB 2 2v0 sin 2 α (a) 2sin α cos α = gxB = sin 2α 2 v0 2α = 7.93° sin 2α = ( 9..13794 2 (86 ) α = 3. Beer. t= v y = v0 cos α − gt = 0 v0 cos α 86 cos 3. y A = 0.81 1 ( 9.96° ) Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Russell Johnston. Ferdinand P. Elliot R.

22 m at point C. x = 4. Horizontal motion: x = ( v0 cos α ) t or t= 1 2 gt 2 x v0 cos α Vertical motion: y = ( v0 sin α ) t − = x tan α − gx 2 2 2v0 cos 2 α = x tan α − gx 2 1 + tan 2 α 2 2v0 ( ) tan 2 α − 2 ⎛ 2v0 2v 2 y ⎞ tan α + ⎜1 + 02 ⎟ = 0 ⎜ gx gx ⎟ ⎝ ⎠ Data: v0 = 170 km/h = 47.222 m/s. y = 1. . 2 2v0 ( 2 )( 47.4° α = 14. William E. Phillip J.8 = v0 cos α ( 47.45 89.26547 and or 94.9° t = 0.222 ) = = 94.712 gx ( 9.1052 s x 4. David Mazurek.8 m at point C. Jr. Beer. Russell Johnston.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Clausen.81)( 4..22 ) = = 24. Eisenberg. 8/e.073 = 0 tan α = 0. E. Ferdinand P.073 4.8 gx 2 2 (a) tan 2 α − 94.8) 2 2v0 y ( 94.869° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.712α + 25.869° (b) t= α = 14.222 ) cos14. Solution 114. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Elliot R.712 )(1.

25285 + ( 58. tan α = 4.2755)( 2. . Jr.667 ) = = 4.24483 θ = 13.2755 tan α + 1. Solution 115. David Mazurek.2755 gx ( 32. Horizontal motion: Vertical motion: x = ( v0 cos α ) t or t= x v0 cos α y = y0 + ( v0 sin α ) t = y0 + x tan α − gx 2 2 2v0 cos 2 α gx 2 1 + tan 2 α 2 2v0 = y0 + x tan α − ( ) from which Data: tan 2 α − 2 ⎡ 2v 2 ( y − y0 ) ⎤ 2v0 tan α − ⎢ 0 + 1⎥ = 0 2 gx gx ⎢ ⎥ ⎣ ⎦ v0 = 40 mi/h = 58. 8/e. William E.2 )( 50 ) 2 2v0 ( y − y0 ) 2 gx 2 = ( 4.2 ft.19° α = 14.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.0 ft. E. y0 = 2. Elliot R.0226 and 0.0 ) = 0.19°)2 ( 32.2 − 2. Clausen.25285 α = 76. Phillip J. y = 2. Ferdinand P.76° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.667 cos14.04° (b) tan θ = − vy vx =− and 14. Eisenberg. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies..2 )( 50 ) = 0. x = 50 ft 2 2v0 ( 2 )( 58.01710 = 0 (a) Solving the quadratic equation.01710 50 tan 2 α − 4.667 ft/s. Beer. Russell Johnston.19° v0 sin α − gt gx = − tan α + v0 cos α ( v0 cosα )2 = − 0.

43504 35 α = 25. . Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.226 = 0. Clausen.79° Horizontal motion: (a) (b) From above. 8/e. Ferdinand P.2)( 3.8° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. ( )0 = 2a ( y − y0 ) ( vy )0 = 2 g ( yB − y0 ) or ( vy )0 = ( 2)( 32. David Mazurek. Vertical motion: v2 − vy y 2 2 ay = − g with or 2 vy = 0 at point B.79 )( 0. Russell Johnston.84 ft 2/s2 vy = vy ( v y )0 = 15. Solution 116. William E. Elliot R.226 ft/s ( )0 − gt = sin α = v0 or tB = ( v y )0 = 0. Eisenberg.6) = 231. Phillip J. x = ( v0 cos α ) t xB = ( 35cos 25. Beer.47287 s g ( vy )0 = 15..90 ft α = 25. E. Jr.47287 ) xB = 14.

Phillip J.. Beer. Eisenberg. Russell Johnston.6 − 18 ) − ( 40. .97 ft continued (a) Maximum distance: Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Jr.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.2 2 ( 40.78 ft 2 d = xmax − 13. Horizontal motion: x = ( v0 cos α ) t or t= x v0 cos α Vertical motion: y = y0 + ( v0 sin α ) t − 1 2 1 gx 2 gt = y0 + x tan α − 2 2 ( v0 cos α )2 gx 2 1 + tan 2 α 2 2v0 y = y0 + x tan α − u = x tan α ( ) Let so that y = y0 + u − g x2 + u2 2 2v0 ( ) Solving for x 2 : x2 = 2 2v0 ( u + y0 − y ) − u 2 g The maximum value of x is required: d x2 du v0 = 36 ft/s. E. Ferdinand P.2 = 40. 8/e.2484 )2 = 460. yB = 18 ft u= ( 36 ) 32. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.2484 ft ( xmax )2 = ( 2 )( 36 ) 32.2484 + 3. David Mazurek. Solution 117. William E. − 2u = 0 or u= 2 v0 g 2 ( ) = 2v 2 0 g Data: y0 = 3. 2 d x2 du ( ) = 0.5 xmax = 21.466 ft d = 7. Clausen.6 ft. Elliot R.

David Mazurek. Phillip J.93° Check the edge. tan α = xmax tan α u 40. Elliot R.6 + (13.5) y = 3. y = y0 + x tan α + gx 2 2 ( v0 cos α ) 2 α = 61. 8/e.69 ft Since y > 18 ft. the stream clears the edge.2 )(13.5 )(1. Beer.875 ) − 2 2 [36 cos 61.875 xmax xmax 21.2484 = = = 1. Clausen.. Russell Johnston. Jr. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. .9° ( 32. E.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System (b) Angle α . William E.93°] 2 y = 18. Eisenberg.466 α = 61. Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Ferdinand P.

Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Beer. Russell Johnston. William E. 8/e. . Jr.. Maximum values of xB and d . Solution 118. David Mazurek. xB = 1 2 1 2 gt = x tan β − gx 2 sec 2 β /v0 2 2 1 2 2 gxB sec 2 β /v0 2 yB = xB tan 30° = xB tan β − Solving for xB . Let β = 90° − α Horizontal motion: x = ( v0 cos β ) t y = ( v0 sin β ) t − or t= x v0 cos β Vertical motion: At point B. E.57735 0 g g d max = ( xB )max cos 30° = 2 2 v0 2 (120 ) = 3 g 3 32. ( xB )max (a) (b) = 2 2v0 v2 ( tan 60° − tan 30°) cos2 60 = 0. Elliot R.2 2 d max = 298 ft α = 90° − β = 90° − 60° α = 30° continued Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Phillip J. 2 2v0 2v 2 ( tan β − tan 30° ) cos2 β = 0 sin β cos β − tan 30° cos 2 β g g ( ) Differentiating with respect to β and setting equal to zero. 2 dxB 2v0 = cos 2 β − sin 2 β + 2 tan 30° cos β sin β dβ g ( ) 120° = 2 2v0 ( cos 2β + tan 30° sin 2β ) = 0 g tan 2β = − cot 30° = − 3 or 2β = − 60° and β = − 30° and 60°. Eisenberg. Ferdinand P. Clausen. Use β = 60°.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.

068 ft 3 g 3 32. Russell Johnston.5 ft (c) hmax = y − x tan 30° = 149. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.57735 0  g 2  g  = 2 1 v0 1 (120 ) = = 149.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System At the point of maximum height..57735 0 g g 2  v  1  v  y = ( v0 sin β )  0. Ferdinand P. Beer. William E.068 − 129.57735 0  = 0. David Mazurek. 8/e. the projectile path is parallel to the surface so that vy vx = tan 30° or v0 sin β − gt = tan 30° v0 cos β or t= v0 cos β v ( tan β − tan 30°) = 0.57735 0  − g  0.097 tan 30° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Jr. E.097 ft hmax = 74. . Phillip J.2 2  v  v2 x = ( v0 cos β )  0. Elliot R.2 2 = 129.288675 0 g g  = ( 0.288675)(120 ) 32. Eisenberg. Clausen.

Eisenberg. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Solution 119. E.7° 48. 8/e. Law of cosines. 2 2 2 vB/ A = v A + vB − 2v AvB cos γ cos γ = 2 2 2 v A + vB − vB/ A 2v AvB = ( 700 )2 + ( 500 )2 − (1125)2 ( 2 )( 700 )( 500 ) = − 0. David Mazurek. Jr. Phillip J..7° γ − 90° = 48. Beer.7° west of south Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Elliot R. William E. Ferdinand P. Clausen. Sketch the velocity vector diagram showing vB = vA + vB/A.7509 γ = 138.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Russell Johnston. .

E. Let i and j be unit vectors in directions east and north respectively.4° v A = 22.4° west of north Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. v P = (110 km/h )( cos 30° i + sin 30° j) But Velocity of air.. Jr. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Velocity of plane relative to air. 8/e.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.50 )2 + (13. Solution 120. Ferdinand P. Eisenberg.4 km/h tan θ = θ = 51. Russell Johnston. Clausen.50 km/h ) i + (13.96 )2 17. Elliot R. v P/ A = (120 km/h )( cos 20° i + sin 20° j) Velocity of plane. William E.96 = 22.50 13. v P = v A + v P/ A v A = v P − v P/ A v A = (110cos 30° − 120cos 20° ) i + (110sin 30° − 120sin 20° ) j = ( − 17. David Mazurek. Phillip J.96 km/h ) j vA = (17. .4 km/h at 51. Beer.

Jr. Eisenberg.45392 47. William E.697 α = 27. .0°. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Russell Johnston.7 mi/h 57. Clausen. Ferdinand P. E. 8/e.0° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. α + 30° = 57. v B = v A + v B/ A v B/ A = v B − v A = v B + ( −v A ) Sketch vector addition on a diagram as shown. Beer. Phillip J. Elliot R.697 mi/h Law of sines: sin α sin120° = vA vB/ A sin α = 25sin120° = 0. Solution 121.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.. David Mazurek.0° v B/ A = 47. Law of cosines: 2 2 2 vB/ A = vB + v A − 2vBv A cos120° = ( 30 ) + ( 25 ) − ( 2 )( 30 )( 25 ) cos120° = 2275 ( mi/h ) 2 2 2 vB/ A = 47.

54127 2.77° Law of sines: vB = sin ( 90° − α ) sin θ = vB vA (b) v A sin ( 90° − α ) 4.77 ° θ + 60° + 90° − α = 180° θ = 180° − 60° − 62.76 ft/s 60° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. David Mazurek. Russell Johnston.4 1. Elliot R. William E.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.4 β = 32. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Eisenberg.5sin 62. Jr. Ferdinand P.5sin 60° = = 4.759 ft/s sin θ sin 57. Clausen.5 sin120° = 0.5 2. 90° − α = 62. 8/e.23° Now v B = v A + v B/ A Sketch the vector addition triangle.23° v B = 4.23° Law of sines: vB/ A = sin 60° sin θ = vB/ A vA (a) v A sin 60° 4.23° v B/ A = 4.. Solution 122. Beer.77° = = 4. Phillip J. .77° Law of angles: α + β + 120° = 180° α = 60° − β = 27. Law of sines: sin β = sin β sin120° = 1.63 ft/s sin θ sin 57.63 ft/s 62.77° = 57. E. First solve geometry triangle ABC.

rA = v At = 80 ⎛ 10 ⎞ rB = ( rB )0 + v Bt = 60 ⎜ ⎟ ⎝ 60 ⎠ 3 = 4 km 60 ⎛ 3 ⎞ + 60 ⎜ ⎟ ⎝ 60 ⎠ = 7 km 25° rB = rA + rB/ A Sketch the vector addition as shown. .69° (a) v B/ A = 136. Elliot R. Solution 123. By law of cosines: 2 2 2 rB/ A = rA + rB − 2rArB cos 25° = 42 + 7 2 − ( 2 )( 4 )( 7 ) cos 25° = 14.7 km/h 2 Law of sines: sin α = sin α sin155° = vB vB/ A 60 sin155° = 0. v B = v A + v B/ A Sketch the vector addition as shown in the velocity diagram. By law of cosines: 2 2 2 vB/ A = v A + vB − 2v AvB cos155° = 802 + 602 − ( 2 )( 80 )( 60 ) cos155° = 18.7 km/h 10. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.. Phillip J. E.7005 × 103 ( km/h ) vB/ A = 136. Ferdinand P.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. William E.7 α = 10.69° Determine positions relative to the crossing. David Mazurek. 8/e.18543 136. Beer.25 km 2 (b) d = rB/ A d = 3. Clausen. Eisenberg. Jr. Russell Johnston.77 km Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.

Elliot R. 75° − α = 12. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.72 × 103 ( km/h ) vB/ A = 533. Ferdinand P.03°. Beer. Begin with Subtracting or vC = v A + vC/ A and vC = v B + vC/B 0 = v A + vC/ A − v B − v C/B = v A/B + vC/ A − vC/B v B/ A = − v A/B = vC/ A + − vC/B = − vC/B + vC/ A 2 2 2 vB/ A = vC/ A + vB/ A − 2vC/ AvB/ A cos 65° ( ) Sketch the vector addition as shown. Law of cosines: 2 2 2 2 2 v A = vC + vC/ A − 2vC vC/ A cos (180° − 15° ) 2 2 v A = ( 48 ) + ( 470 ) − ( 2 )( 48 )( 470 ) cos165° = 266.6 km/h 2 Law of sines: sin α = sin α sin 65° = vC/B vB/ A 520sin 65° = 0. Jr.97° v B/ A = 534 km/h 12. Eisenberg. William E.5 km/h Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Solution 124. E.97° (a) v C = v A + v C/ A or v A = v C + − v C/ A ( ) Sketch the vector addition as shown. 8/e. Phillip J.79 × 103 ( km/h ) v A = 516.. By law of cosines: = ( 470 ) + ( 520 ) − ( 2 )( 470 )( 520 ) cos 65° 2 2 = 284.6 α = 62.88322 533. Clausen. David Mazurek. Russell Johnston.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. .

62 ° (b) (c) 76. Ferdinand P. .COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Law of sines: sin β = sin β sin165° = vC/ A vA 470 sin165° = 0. Clausen.5 90° − 13. David Mazurek. E.4°  15  rC/B = vC/Bt = ( 520 )    60  rC/B = 130 km 40° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.62° = 76. Beer. Russell Johnston.23551 516. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Phillip J. Elliot R. Jr. Eisenberg.. William E. 8/e.4° v A = 517 km/h or β = 13.

333)( 2 ) = 2.981 ft/s tan θ = vC/ A vA = 2.333) 2 + (2. 2 2 2 vC = v A + vC/ A = (1. David Mazurek. Constraint of entire cable: xB + ( xB − x A ) + 2 ( d − x A ) = constant 2vB − 3v A = 0 aA = and 2aB − 3a A = 0 or a A = 0. Elliot R. E.. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.667 ft/s 2 2 2 aB = (1) = 0.667 ) = 1.333 ft/s 2 aC/ A = 1.333 ft/s vC/ A = (1. Eisenberg.667 ft/s 2 3 3 Constraint of point C: −2v A + vC/ A = 0 (a) 2 ( d − x A ) + yC/ A = constant and − 2a A + aC/ A = 0 aC/ A = 2a A = 2 ( 0. 8/e.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.4° (b) Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.98 ft/s 63. Solution 125. .666)2 = 8. Ferdinand P. Beer.333 θ = 63. Clausen. Let d be the distance between the left and right supports.333 ft/s 2 Velocity vectors after 2s: v A = ( 0.666 = 2.4° vC = 2.667 )( 2 ) = 1.666 ft/s v C = v A + v C/ A Sketch the vector addition. 1.8889 ( ft/s ) 2 vC = 2. Russell Johnston. William E. Phillip J. Jr.

Vector Vector v P/ A = 8 in.97 in.3274 j vP = tan ϕ = ( vP ) 2 + ( v P ) 2 x y ( vP ) y ( vP ) x = = ( 2. 8/e. Russell Johnston. v P = 6.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Elliot R. . α = 120° + 135° = 255° Method 2: Use unit vectors i and j. Ferdinand P./s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. By law of cosines: 2 2 2 vP = v A + vP/ A − 2v AvP/ A cos 60° = ( 4.59604 6. E. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Beer. David Mazurek../s −5.6° 68./s 66. Eisenberg.0863)2 + ( 5.97 2 2 β = 36./s α 30° α = 30° + θ + 90° = 120° + θ v A = 4. Vector v P/ A = 8 cos α i + 8 sin α j = −2.6°.72 in.97 in.3274 = 2.8 sin 30° j = 4.8 in. Phillip J.0863i − 5.8 ) + ( 8 ) − ( 2 )( 4.3274 )2 or = 5.7274 j Vector v A = 4.5535 2./s By law of sines: sin β sin 60° = vA vP or sin β = 4.8 )( 8 ) cos 60° vP = 6.6° v P = 5./s v P = v A + v P/ A (a) θ = 30°.8sin 60° = 0.8 cos 30°i + 4. Clausen.6°. β + 30° = 66.1569i + 2. α = 150° Method 1: Sketch the vector addition. Solution 126.4 j v P = v A + v P/ A = 2.0863 ϕ = −68. William E. Jr.72 in.0706i − 7.6° (b) θ = 135°.

.4° (a) Acceleration of block B.516 mm/s 2 Law of sines.4° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.516 sin ϕ = 0. Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.5 mm/s 31. Ferdinand P.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Clausen.516 )( 3) = 157.5 mm/s 2 vB = aBt = ( 52. Jr. Solution 127. David Mazurek. Elliot R. Eisenberg. a B = 52. Draw vector diagram showing a B = a A + a B/A Law of cosines. 8/e.4° v B = 157.5 mm/s 31. Russell Johnston.5210 ϕ = 31. 2 aB = 802 + 1202 − ( 2 )( 80 )(120 ) cos 20° = 2758 mm 2 /s 2 aB = 52. E.. sin ϕ sin 20° = 80 52. William E. Beer. (b) Velocity of block B when t = 3 s.

Eisenberg.3)( 2.96 m2/s2 ( vy )0 = 12. 8/e.766 m/s v B/D = 12. vy = vy yB = v y 2 ( )0 − gt 2 xball = ( vx )0 t ( )0 t − 1 gt 2 . E.528 − tcatch = 2. Elliot R. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.81) t 2 2 v y = 12.528 m/s 1 aD t 2 2 xdeck = ( vx )0 t + Motion of the ball relative to the deck: ( vB/D )x = ( vx )0 − ⎡( vx )0 + aDt ⎤ = −aDt ⎣ ⎦ 1 1 ⎡ ⎤ xB/D = ( vx )0 t − ⎢( vx )0 t + aDt 2 ⎥ = − aDt 2 2 2 ⎣ ⎦ ( vB/D ) y = ( vy )0 − gt.528 m/s or 0. and 1 ( 9. or Motion of the deck: y = 0 = 12. Solution 128. ( vy ) − ( v y )0 = −2gy 2 vy = 0 and At maximum height. Jr. 2 y = ymax ( vy ) = 2gymax = ( 2)( 9.528 m/s At time of catch. (b) yB/D = yB 1 ( − 0.766 m/s ( vB/D ) y = 12. William E.5° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Horizontal motion of the ball: Vertical motion of the ball: v x = ( v x )0 . . David Mazurek.554 )2 2 d = 0. (a) At time of catch.554 s v x = ( v x )0 + aD t . Beer.554) = + 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.979 m d = xD/B = − ( vB/D ) x = − ( − 0. Phillip J.81)(8) = 156..55 m/s 86.3)( 2. Russell Johnston. Ferdinand P. Clausen.

. Ferdinand P.2 )( 0. Jr.2 Downward velocity component at impact.512° v S = 18. Solution 129.92092 + 82 − ( 2 )(18. v y = gt = ( 32. 8/e.9209 ft/s tan ϕ = ϕ = 71. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.358 vS/B = 20. y0 = 0 yB = − 5 ft At impact with conveyor belt B. David Mazurek.9444 6 = 18. vS = vx = 6 ft/s (17. Beer.9444 )2 + ( 6 )2 17.9209 )(8 ) cos86. Draw vector diagram showing ϕ = 71. 2 2 2 vS/B = vS + vB − 2vS vB cos ϕ = 18.0894 ft/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Clausen..55728 s 32.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.9444 ft/s Horizontal motion of sand.512° Law of cosines. Vertical motion of sand. Velocity vector of sand at impact. v0 = 0.512° = 403.512° 71. William E. Elliot R. Phillip J.2 ft/s2 . v B = 8 ft/s 15° v S /B = v S − v B .9209 ft/s Velocity of conveyor belt B. E. Russell Johnston. Eisenberg. 1 y = − gt 2 2 t= −2 y = g − ( 2 )( −5) = 0.512° + 15° = 86.55728 ) = 17. a = 32.

1° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.1 ft/s 85. . Phillip J. Clausen.512° = = 0.1° α + 15° = 85. Eisenberg. sin α = sin α sin ϕ = vS vS/B vS sin ϕ 18.9209 sin 86.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Law of sines. 8/e. William E. Elliot R. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. David Mazurek. Jr.. Russell Johnston.0894 vS /B α = 70.9401 20.1° Velocity of sand relative to conveyor belt B. E. Beer. Ferdinand P. v S/B = 20.

Eisenberg. Acceleration. Russell Johnston. = 0.25 v = v0 + at Velocity at 1. Jr.2 ) = 13. Solution 130.5 ft/s As a vector. = 0 + (11. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.2 s.25 )(1.3333) 2 a= ( 2 )( 0.5 = 0 + 0 + 1 2 at 2 1 2 a (1.25 ft/s 2 v 2 − v0 = 2 ( x − x0 ) ( 2 )(10 − 0 ) Time. 6 in.5 ft x = x0 + v0t + 0. Beer. . David Mazurek. Elliot R.675 ft/s As a vector. Phillip J. Clausen. vT = 0. ∫ xa a dx = ∫ v0 v dv ax − ax0 = 1 2 1 2 v − v0 2 2 2 x v a= 2 (15 ) − 0 = 11.675 ft/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. William E.2 ) = 0.. 8/e.5 ft/s 20° Motion of truck.5625 )(1. Acceleration. Ferdinand P. v S/T = 13.5625 ft/s 2 Velocity at 1.3333 s a 11. ∫ 0 a dt = ∫ v0 dv at = v − v0 t v t= v − v0 15 − 0 = = 1.3333)2 = 0.2 s.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.5) (1. E. Motion of the suitcase relative to the truck. v = v0 + at v = 0 + ( 0.

Beer. v S = vT + v S/T Law of cosines.87 α = 1. .87 ft/s Law of sines.0° β = 20° + 1. William E.5) + ( 0. 0.0° = 21.675 vS = sin α sin 20° sin α = 0. Phillip J. Jr. 8/e.0° v S = 12.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Velocity of suitcase at 1. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. E.01794 12.2 s. Ferdinand P.0° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Russell Johnston.675 sin 20° = 0. 2 vS = (13.675) − ( 2 )(13. David Mazurek. Elliot R.579 vS = 12. Clausen.. Eisenberg.87 ft/s 21.5) cos 20° 2 2 = 165.

3333 s 11. Solution 130.25)(1.3333) 2 = 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Phillip J.5 ft/s As a vector. Jr.2 s. Elliot R. = 0. William E. v = v0 + at v = 0 + ( 0. Acceleration.5 ft/s 20° Motion of truck. t v ∫ 0 a dt = ∫ v0 dv at = v − v0 t= v − v0 15 − 0 = = 1.5625 )(1.2 ) = 0. 6 in. 8/e. Acceleration.675 ft/s As a vector. . E. David Mazurek.25 a v = v0 + at Velocity at 1. Russell Johnston.3333) Velocity at 1. = 0 + (11. Clausen. ∫ xa a dx = ∫ v0 v dv ax − ax0 = 1 2 1 2 v − v0 2 2 2 x v a= 2 (15) − 0 = 11.5 ft x = x0 + v0t + 0.5625 ft/s 2 a= ( 2 )( 0. v S/T = 13.2 ) = 13.675 ft/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.5 = 0 + 0 + 1 2 at 2 1 2 a (1. Ferdinand P.5) 2 (1. Eisenberg. vT = 0.. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.2 s.25 ft/s2 v 2 − v0 = 2 ( x − x0 ) ( 2 )(10 − 0 ) Time. Beer. Motion of the suitcase relative to the truck.

675 sin 20° = 0.5 ) + ( 0. William E.87 ft/s Law of sines. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.0° β = 20° + 1.. Clausen. Russell Johnston.87 ft/s 21. Elliot R. 2 vS = (13.87 α = 1. Eisenberg.2 s.0° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. David Mazurek. Beer. .675 vS = sin α sin 20° sin α = 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Velocity of suitcase at 1.01794 12.0° v S = 12.579 vS = 12.5 ) cos 20° 2 2 = 165. Jr. v S = vT + v S/T Law of cosines. E.675 ) − ( 2 )(13. 0. 8/e. Phillip J.0° = 21. Ferdinand P.

43 km/h ) j vW = 74.89i + 206. David Mazurek.57 j − 480 ( cos 30°i + sin 30° j) = − ( 66. Let the x-axis be directed east. Elliot R. Solution 132. and the y-axis be directed north.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. . Russell Johnston. William E. vW = v A + vW / A = v A − v A/W v A = 405 km/h 30. Ferdinand P.57 km/h ) j (b) Wind velocity.6° = 348. Eisenberg. Clausen. E. Phillip J.89 km/h ) i + ( 206.. Jr.6° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.7 km/h 26. Beer. Airspeed: Plane relative to ship: Ship: (a) Velocity of airplane. 8/e.80 km/h ) i − ( 33. v A = v B + v A/B = −20 j + 416 ( cos 33°i + sin 33° j) v A/W = 480 km/h 30° = ( 480 km/h )( cos 30°i + sin 30° j) v A/B = ( 416 km/h )( cos 33°i + sin 33° j) km/h v B = 20 km/h = −20 j = ( 348.

.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. E. Phillip J.415 ( − cos50°i − sin 50° j) = ( 8.519 mi/h ) i − ( 4. Jr. William E.0° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.415 mi/h vW = 3j + 11. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Eisenberg.48 mi/h 26. or ( )1 (sin 50°i − cos 50°j) − 12i − ( vW /B )2 ( − cos 50°i − sin 50°j) ( sin 50°) ( vW /B )1 + ( cos 50°) ( vW /B )2 ( − cos 50°) ( vW /B )1 + ( sin 50°) ( vW /B )2 = 12 = −3 (1) (2) ( vW /B )1 = 11. and the y-axis be directed north.148 mi/h ) j vW = 9. Clausen.121 mi/h.. 8/e. Beer. ( vw/B )2 = 5. Elliot R. David Mazurek. Ferdinand P.519 mi/h ) i − ( 4.148 mi/h ) j vW = 12i + 5. From data obtained as the boat travels north. the wind velocity is vW = ( v B )1 + vW /B ( )1 = 3 + vW /B ( )1 ) 50° = 3j + vW /B ( )1 (sin 50°i − cos 50°j) )2 ( − cos 50°i − sin 50°j) From data obtained as the boat travels east. Russell Johnston. it is vW = ( v B )2 + vW /B ( )2 = 12 + vW /B ( 50° = 12i + vW /B ( Subtracting. 0 = 3j + vW /B x-components: y-components: Solving (1) and (2). Solution 133.121( sin 50°i − cos 50° j) = ( 8. Let the x-axis be directed east. Then.

David Mazurek. First observation. William E. vW = 6i + ( 4 + 6 ) j = ( 6 mi/h ) i + (10 mi/h ) j vW = 62 + 102 = 11. i components: ⎛ 2 ⎞ ⎛ ⎞ 2 vW = v 2 + vW /2 = ⎜ vW /2 ⎟ i + ⎜ 4 + vW /2 ⎟ j ⎜ 2 ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ 2 ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ 6= 2 vW /2 2 Substitute into (2).0° vW = (11. Phillip J. Eisenberg.0° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Let unit vector i point east and unit vector j point north.66 mi/h ) 59. Ferdinand P.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Elliot R. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. 6 ϕ = 59. Beer. Clausen.66 mi/h tan ϕ = 10 . 8/e. Jr. Russell Johnston. Velocity of ship: Velocity of wind relative to ship: v 2 = ( 4 mi/h ) i ⎛ 2 2 vW /2 = vW /2 ⎜ ⎜ 2 i+ 2 ⎝ v1 = ( 6 mi/h ) i vW /1 = vW /1 j vW = v1 + vW /1 = 6i + vW /1 j ( ) ( ) (1) ( ) ⎞ j⎟ ⎟ ⎠ (2) Velocity of wind: Equate expressions (1) and (2) for vW. E. . Velocity of ship: Velocity of wind relative to ship: Velocity of wind: Second observation. Solution 134..

444 m/s 2 ( 44. Beer. Eisenberg. . 000 (b) r = 96 km = 96.111 m/s 176 − 16 2 a= ( 31. Solution 135. 000 a = 0. (a) r = 16 km = 16. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. 8/e. Clausen. v = 64 km/h = 17. v = 160 km/h = 44.001796 m/s 2 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Russell Johnston. Elliot R. v = 160 − a = 0. William E.111) v2 = r 96.1235 m/s 2 64 − 160 ( 96 − 16 ) = 112 km/h = 31. 000 m. David Mazurek..788 m/s a= (17.000 m.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.01008 m/s 2 (c) r = 176 km = 176. E. Phillip J. Jr.000 m. 000 2 a = 0.778) v2 = r 176. Ferdinand P.444 ) v2 a= = r 16.

.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Solution 136. . William E. Jr.25 vA − A 100 96 2 2 v A − 50v A + 625 = 0 v A = ± 25 v A = 25 m/s ! vB = 24 m/s ! (b) vB = 25 − 1 = 24 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. 8/e. E. Velocities: v A/B = v A − v B = 1 m/s Accelerations: a A/B = a A − a B = 0. Phillip J. David Mazurek.25 m/s 2 (a) aA = aB = a A/B = 2 vA ρA ρB 2 vB = = 2 vA 100 ( vA − 1) 96 2 2 ( v − 1) = 0. Russell Johnston. Elliot R. Beer. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Clausen. Ferdinand P. Eisenberg.

125 m/s vmax = 97. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. .81) = 735.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.6 km/h ! Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.. David Mazurek.35 m 2 /s 2 vmax = 27. Elliot R. William E. Ferdinand P. Phillip J. 2 vmax = ρ an 2 vmax = ( 25)( 3g ) = ( 25 )( 3)( 9. 8/e. Beer. an = v2 ρ . Russell Johnston. at = 0. E. Solution 137. Jr. Eisenberg. Clausen.

Elliot R. nA  ρA v2 ( ac )  = c nA  ρA 2 vc = ρ A ( ac )n  = ρ B ( ac )n   A  B   ρ B ( ac )n  A 0. 8/e.8 n  B ρ B = 0. Russell Johnston.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.8235 mm d B = 2 ρ B = 11.. Phillip J.09706 )( 60 ) = 5. E. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Solution 138.09706 ρ A ( ac )  6. Eisenberg.09706 ρ A = ( 0. Ferdinand P. v2 ( ac )  = c . David Mazurek.66 = = = 0. Jr. William E. Clausen. Beer. .65 mm ! Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.

William E. (a) Total acceleration at t = 0. Initial speed. E.14286 m/s 2 2 a = at2 + an = ( −1. Elliot R.6426 m/s 2 2 a = at2 + an = ( −1.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.25)2 + ( 0.14286 )2 a = 1. an = v0 2 = v0 = 72 km/h = 20 m/s at = −1. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. v = v0 + at t = 20 + ( −1. Tangential acceleration. Beer. Phillip J.406 m/s 2 ! Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.25 )( 4 ) = 15 m/s an = v2 = ρ (15)2 350 = 0. Russell Johnston.6426 )2 a = 1.. David Mazurek.25 m/s 2 ρ ( 20 )2 350 = 1. 8/e. Clausen.694 m/s 2 ! (b) Total acceleration at t = 4 s. Solution 139. Jr. Ferdinand P.25)2 + (1. Eisenberg. .

Clausen.9490 )2 a = 2. Radius of circle.854 m/s Normal acceleration during constant speed portion of run. Russell Johnston. (2) and (3) into (4) 130 π = 8 at + 4 at ( 54 − 4 ) Solving for at .COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.9490 m/s 2 Maximum total acceleration. Eisenberg.9635 m/s 2 8 + 200 (4) (2) (3) vm = ( 4 )(1.9635)2 + ( 0.9635 ) = 7. an = 2 vm ρ ( 7. David Mazurek. Ferdinand P.18 m/s 2 ! Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.854 )2 = 65 = 0. William E. . 8/e. Solution 140. E. Elliot R. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Phillip J. 1 1 2 2 at t1 = ( at ) ( 4 ) = 8 at m 2 2 v = vm s = s1 + vm ( t − t1 ) Substituting (1). Length of run. Beer. L = π D = 130 π meters (1) ρ= 1 D = 65m 2 Tangential acceleration of starting portion of run. From (2) at = 130 π = 1. vm = at t1 = ( at ) ( 4 ) = 4 at m/s s1 = Constant speed portion of run.. Jr. 2 a = at2 + an = (1.

Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Solution 141. v = v0 + at t 0 = 150 − at ( 9 ) .667 ft/s 2 2 a 2 = at2 + an Total acceleration: an =  a 2 − at2    Normal acceleration: 1/2 2 2 = (130 ) − ( −16.667 )      1/2 = 128. William E. Beer. Phillip J.329 − 150 = at −16. 8/e. Ferdinand P. Elliot R.93 ft/s 2 an = v2 ρ .  12  Time: t= v − v0 7. Russell Johnston. .93) = 53.329 ft/s t = 8. Jr. or at = −16. where ρ= 1 5 diameter = ft 2 12  5 v 2 = ρ an =   (128..72 ft 2 /s 2 .667 v = 7. E.56 s ! Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Eisenberg. For uniformly decelerated motion: At t = 9 s. David Mazurek.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Clausen.

Ferdinand P.14 ft/s 2 ! Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.5133)(15 ) = 67.5133 ft/s2 v1 − v0 = 2s ( 2 )(1006.5133)2 + (10.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. . Russell Johnston.33 ft/s π 2 ( 450 ) + 300 = 1006.5 ft 2 /s 2 (a) At t = 15 s. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Solution 142.86 ) = 6380. the car is still on the curve. Normal component of acceleration: an = v2 ρ = 450 ft ρ ( 67.86 ) 2 At point B. Elliot R.86 ft 2 vB = 0 + ( 2 )( 4. Jr. vB = 79.70 ft/s vB = 54.70 )2 = 450 = 10. Speeds: Distance: Tangential component of acceleration: v0 = 0 s= v1 = 65 mi/h = 95. 8/e. E.88 ft/s v = v0 + at t = 0 + ( 4. Clausen. 2 2 vB = v0 + 2at sB where sB = π 2 ( 450 ) = 706.5 mi/h ! Since v < vB .5133)( 706.86 ft 2 2 v1 = v0 + 2at s at = 2 2 ( 95. William E. David Mazurek.185)2 a = 11..185 ft/s 2 (b) Magnitude of total acceleration: 2 a = at2 + an = ( 4.33) + 0 = 4. Eisenberg. Beer. Phillip J.

32 30° ] − [ 6 ] = 2 ( − cos 60°i + sin 60° j) + 104.4° v B/ A = 478 km/h 70. E.4° ! ( ) ( ) Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. William E.6 m/s 2 27. .32 ( − cos 30°i − sin 30° j) − 6i = − 97. (a) v A = 420 km/h v B = v A + v B/ A or . Russell Johnston.43 m/s2 j aB/ A = 109.44 )2 200 = 104. Jr. Phillip J. Solution 143. 8/e. Eisenberg. Ferdinand P.4° ! (b) a A = 6 m/s 2 ( aB )t = 2 m/s 2 60° vB = 520 km/h = 144. v B = 520 km/h 60° v B/ A = v B − v A = v B + ( − v A ) Sketch the vector addition as shown.44 m/s ( a B )n = 2 vB ρ = (144. 2 2 2 vB/ A = v A + vB − 2v AvB cos 60° = ( 420 ) + ( 520 ) − ( 2 )( 420 )( 520 ) cos 60° 2 2 or vB/ A = 477.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Beer.9 km/h sin α sin 60° = 520 477. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.9 or α = 70.34 m/s 2 i − 50. Elliot R.32 m/s 2 30° a B/ A = a B − a A = ( a B )t + ( a B )n − a A = [2 60° ] + [ 104. David Mazurek. Clausen..

Clausen.2 m/s 52.25 ( − cos 30°i − sin 30° j) = 8.75 ( cos 45°i + sin 45° j) − 8 ( cos 60°i − sin 60° j) − 6.18 m/s 2 ( ) ( ) 56.75 m/s 2 45° a B/ A = a B − a A = ( a B )t + ( a B )n − ( a A )t − ( a A )n = 3 ( cos 45°i − sin 45° j) + 6. Beer.9° vB/ A = 339 km/h 52. Ferdinand P.12 j = 94. Jr. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Eisenberg. . ( a B )t = 3 m/s 2 45° ( a A )n = ( a B )n = ρA 2 vB ( 50 )2 = 400 = = 6.07 m/s 2 j or a B/ A = 15.8° ! Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. David Mazurek.9° ! (b) ( a A )t = 8 m/s 2 2 vA 60°. Elliot R. William E. 8/e. v B = 162 km/h = 45 m/s 45° v B/ A = v B − v A = 45 ( cos 45°i − sin 45° j) − 50 ( cos120°i + sin120° j) = 56.25 m/s 2 30° ρB ( 45)2 300 = 6.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.31 m/s 2 i + 12.82i − 75. Russell Johnston. Phillip J. E. (a) v A = 180 km/h = 50 m/s 30°. Solution 144..

8/e. . Ferdinand P.96 m ! (b) At maximum height of stream. Clausen. E.38 m ! Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.55 ) = an 9. Russell Johnston. David Mazurek. William E. v = ( vx )0 = 8 sin 55° = 6.04 ρ = 7. Elliot R.81 sin 55° = 8.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. v = 8 m/s an = g sin 55° = 9. (a) As water leaves nozzle.81 m/s 2 an = v2 ρ v 2 ( 6. Jr.81 2 ρ= ρ = 4. Phillip J. Eisenberg..04 m/s 2 an = v2 ρ 2 v 2 (8) ρ= = an 8. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Beer.55 m/s an = g = 9. Solution 145.

Clausen. Beer. Elliot R. William E. Eisenberg. Horizontal motion. Ferdinand P.97 ) ( cos 2 3° ) v0 = 14.3 m ! Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.. 8/e.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. The minimum value of ρ occurs at the highest point of the trajectory where cos θ = 1 and v = vx = v0 cos α Then 2 v 2 cos 2 α (14.5 + 6 tan 3° − 0.81 g 2 ρ min ρ min = 21.81)( 6 )2 (a) (b) Magnitude of initial velocity. Vertical motion. . Russell Johnston. gx 2 2 2 v0 cos 2 α Solving (1) for v0 and applying result at point B v0 = gx 2 = 2 ( y0 + x tan α − y ) cos 2 α ( 2 )(1. Phillip J. an = g = v2 ρ ρ= v2 v2 = an g cosθ (2) where θ is the slope angle of the trajectory. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.48 m/s ! ( 9. Minimum radius of curvature of trajectory.48 ) cos 3° = 0 = 9. David Mazurek. E. Jr. vx = v0 cos α v y = v0 sin α − gt x = v0 t cos α y = y0 + v0 t sin α − y = y0 + x tan α − 1 2 gt 2 (1) Eliminate t. Solution 146.

. vx = v0 sin 30° = 120 sin 30° = 60 ft/s v y = vx tan 30° = 60 tan 30° = 34.64 )2 2 vB = 69. Clausen. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Beer.282 ft/s an = g sin 60° = ρB 2 2 ( 69.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Eisenberg.64 ft/s v= ( 60 )2 + ( 34. David Mazurek. Jr. Ferdinand P. William E. E..1 ft ! Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Phillip J. Russell Johnston.2sin 60° ρ B = 172. Solution 147.2sin 30° ρ A = 894 ft ! At the point where velocity is parallel to incline. Elliot R.2 ft/s 2 2 vA ( a A )n = g sin 30° = ρA = (b) ρA 2 2 (120 ) vA = g sin 30° 32.282 ) vB ρB = = g sin 60° 32. (a) At point A. v = v0 = 120 ft/s v = 120 ft/s 60° aA = g = 32. 8/e.

ρ= v2 π 2 3 = ⋅ an 4 π2 ρ = 0. 8/e. 3 y = 0. Solution 148.5π . an = && = x π2 3 . Elliot R. x 3 . & v = −y = π 2 . && = − y an = − && = y 2π 2 . & y=− π 2 .5π ) = an 3π 2 2π . 2 − cos π t 2 6π sin π t (π sin π t ) ( 2 − cos π t )3 y = & y= 1.2π 2 ρ = 1. . && = − 3π 2 .5sin π t . Clausen.5π ( 2cos π t − 1) ( 2 − cos π t )2 .75 ft ! Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.155 ft ! π2 3 (c) t = 1.. David Mazurek. && = x . && = y − 3π 2 sin π t ( 2 − cos π t ) x = 1. E. Ferdinand P. (a) t = 0. & x = 0. 3 ρ = 0. 2 − cos π t − 3π 2 cos π t + & x= − 3π sin π t ( 2 − cos π t )2 . y= & x=− & y = 0. 2 ρ= v 2 (1. y = 0. Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. x = −1. Compute x.and y-components of velocity and acceleration. Jr. 2 − 3π ( 2cos π t − 1)(π sin π t ) ( 2 − cos π t )3 & y = 1. y 1 . && = x ( 2 − cos π t ) 1. Russell Johnston.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. v = && = 1. Beer. x= 2cos π t − 1 . Eisenberg. 3 & v=−x=− 2π . & x = 0. William E. 3 (b) t= x = 0. 3 ρ= v 2 4π 2 3 = an 3. x 2 an = − && = 3π 2 .75 ft ! 2π 2 .5π .

Clausen.52 y = 38. William E. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Ferdinand P.5 cos14.3 m ! Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Eisenberg.25 m 2 /s 2 an = a cosθ = 1. Radius of curvature of path.45522 ρ= ρ = 26. Jr. Phillip J. . Solution 149. David Mazurek. 8/e.5 m/s 2 j ! ( ) θ = 14. Given: Differentiating twice x= ( t − 4 )3 6 + t2 m y= t 3 ( t − 1) − m 6 4 2 vx ( − 2 )2 & =x= 2 + ( 2 )( 2 ) = 6 m/s t 2 ( t − 1) − m/s 2 2 1 && = t − m/s 2 y 2 & y= & x= ( t − 4 )2 2 + 2t m/s && = t − 4 + 2 = t − 2 m/s 2 x At t = 2 s.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. E.45522 m/s 2 an = v2 ρ v2 38.5 m/s 1 = 1. Russell Johnston. tan θ = vy vx = 1..25 = an 1.036° = 1. vy 2 2 ax = && = 2 − 2 = 0 x a y = && = 2 − y ( 2 )2 & =y= − (1) = 1.5 6 a = 1. Beer.036° 2 v 2 = vx + v 2 = 62 + 1. Elliot R.5 m/s 2 2 (a) (b) Acceleration.

Beer.. Clausen. Elliot R. . Jr. David Mazurek. 8/e. E. William E. Ferdinand P. vx = v A At point B ( vB ) x = v A vB = ( vB ) x cosθ = vA cosθ cosθ = vA vB an = aB cosθ = g cosθ =g vA vB ρB = 2 2 vB vB v B = an gv A ρB = 3 vB ! gv A Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Phillip J. Solution 150.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Russell Johnston. Eisenberg.

E. 8/e. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. α. the horizontal component of velocity is constant.E. Elliot R. Let θ be the slope angle of the trajectory at an arbitrary point C. ! ρC = or 1 cos3 θ 2  v0 cos 2 α      g   ρC = ρ min cos3 θ Q. or so that (a) 1 ρC = gcosθ  cos α  v 2 cos 2 α v0  = 0 3  gcos θ  cosθ  2 Since v0 . Solution 151. Clausen. Then. (b) ρ min = ρ B = 2 v0 cos 2 α g Q. William E.D. or ρC = 2 vC gcosθ But. . Phillip J. ! Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. ( aC )n = gcosθ = ρC 2 vC .. Ferdinand P. Jr. Then.D. E. ρC is a minimum at point B where cos θ is a maximum or θ = 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Eisenberg. Beer. ( vC ) x = ( v A ) x where ( vA ) x = v0 cosα v0 cos α = vC cosθ vC = cos α v0 cosθ ( vC ) x = vC cosθ Then. David Mazurek. and g are constants. Russell Johnston.

Eisenberg.. Beer. Jr. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. William E. ( aC )n = g cosθ = ρC 2 vC or ρC = 2 vC gcosθ But the horizontal component of velocity is constant. 8/e. Then. Ferdinand P. substituting (4) into (2) gives 2 v0  2 gx tan α g 2 x2  + 4 ρ= 1 −  2 g cos α  v0 v0 cos 2 α    3/2 ! Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Solution 152. Clausen. Phillip J. E. David Mazurek. Russell Johnston. ( vC ) x = ( v A ) x ( vA ) x = ( vC ) x where Then. . so that x = ( v0 ) x t = ( v0 cos α ) t and or t= x v0 cos α (1) ( vA ) x = v0 cosα ( vC ) x = v0 cosθ v0 cos α = vC cosθ ρC = 3 vC gv0 cos α (2) The vertical motion is uniformly accelerated ( vC ) y = ( v0 ) y − gt = v0 sin α − But 2 vC gx v0 cos α 2 (3) 2 =( 2 v0 x ) +( 2 v0 y ) = ( v0 cos α )  x  +  v0 sin α − g  v0 cos α   2 gx tan α g 2 x2  2 = v0 1 − + 4  2  v0 v0 cos 2 α    or 3 vC = 3 v0 1  2 gx tan α g 2 x2  − + 4  v0 2 v0 cos 2 α    3/2 (4) Finally. Elliot R. Let θ be the slope angle of the trajectory at an arbitrary point C.

Solution 153. at = a = 2 Rω n .. v2 = R2 + c2 .COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. dv R 2ω n 2t = 1/2 dt  2 2 R 1 + ωn t 2 + c2    ( ) at = 0 Normal component of acceleration: But an = v2 an = a 2 − at2 = 2Rω n ρ v2 an or ρ = ρ = R2 + c2 ! 2 Rω n Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. 2 2 v 2 = vx + v 2 + vz y ( ) ( ) =  R ( cos ωnt − ωnt sin ωnt )  + ( c ) +  R ( sin ωnt + ωnt cos ωnt )      2 = R 2 cos 2 ωnt − 2ωnt sin ωnt cos ωnt + ωn t 2 sin 2 ωnt  + c 2   2 + R 2 sin 2 ωnt + 2ωnt sin ωnt cos ωnt + ωn t 2 cos 2 ωnt    2 = R 2 1 + ωn t 2 + c 2 2 2 a 2 = ax + a 2 + az y 2 2 2 ( ) or v= 2 R 2 1 + ωn t 2 + c 2 ( )  2 = R 2  −2ωn sin ωnt − ωn t cos ωnt  ( ) + ( 2ω 2 n cos ωnt 2 2 − ωn t sin ωnt   ) 2 3 4 = R 2  4ωn sin 2 ωnt + 4ωnt sin ωnt cos ωnt + ωn t 2 cos 2 ωnt  2 3 4 + 4ωn cos 2 ωnt − 4ωnt sin ωnt cos ωnt + ωn t 2 sin 2 ωnt   2 4 = R 2 4ωn + ωn t 2 ( ) or 2 a = Rωn 4 + ωn t 2 Tangential component of acceleration: At t = 0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. dr v= = R ( cos ω nt − ω nt sin ω nt ) i + cj + R ( sin ω nt + ω nt cos ω nt ) k dt dv 2 2 a= = R − ω n sin ω nt − ω n sin ω nt − ω n t cos ω nt i + R ω n cos ω nt + ω n cos ω nt − ω n t sin ω nt k dt ( ) ( ) 2 2 = R  − 2ω n sin ω nt − ω n t cos ω nt  i + 2ω n cos ω nt − ω n t sin ω nt k   Magnitudes of v and a. Elliot R. Clausen. Eisenberg. Russell Johnston. Ferdinand P. Given: r = ( Rt cos ω nt ) i + ctj + ( Rt sin ω nt ) k Differentiating to obtain v and a. William E. E. 8/e. . Beer. Jr. Phillip J. David Mazurek.

Elliot R. ( ) v=  3t  dr  j + ( sin t + t cos t ) k = 3 ( cos t − t sin t ) i +   t2 + 1  dt      t  t2 + 1 − t    t2 + 1    dv   j a= = 3 ( − sin t − sin t − t cos t ) i + 3  dt t2 + 1         + ( cos t + cos t − t sin t ) k = −3 ( 2sin t + t cos t ) i + Magnitude of v 2. 2 2 v 2 = vx + v 2 + vz = 9 ( cos t − t sin t ) + y 2 3 (t 2 +1 ) 3/2 j + ( 2cos t − t sin t ) k 9t 2 2 + ( sin t + t cos t ) 2 t +1 Differentiating. Russell Johnston. With A = 3 and B = 1. a = 3j + 2k .COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Jr. 2v dv 18t = 18 ( cos t − t sin t )( −2sin t − t cos t ) + dt 1 + t2 + 2 ( sin t + t cos t )( 2cos t − t sin t ) ( ) 2 When t = 0. the position vector is r = ( 3t cos t ) i + 3 t 2 + 1 j + ( t sin t ) k Differentiating to obtain v and a. 8/e. Solution 154. Ferdinand P. Phillip J. Clausen. Beer. William E. v 2 = 9. David Mazurek. E. 2v dv =0 dt a 2 = 32 + 22 = 13 Tangential acceleration: Normal acceleration: But an = v2 at = dv =0 dt or 9 13 an = 13 v2 = an an 2 = a 2 − at 2 = 13 ρ or ρ = ρ = 2. Eisenberg.50 ft ! Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.. .

Jr. Eisenberg. For the sun. Phillip J. For the planet Earth.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Clausen. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Ferdinand P. R= 1 1 D =   1.72 )2 2 = 149. Russell Johnston.8 Gm ! Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. William E.695 × 109 ) r= ( 29.8 × 109 m r = 149. Beer. Elliot R. E.39 × 109 = 0. Solution 155. and g = 274 m/s 2 . David Mazurek. ( 274 ) ( 0.695 ×109 m 2 2 ( ) Given that an = gR 2 v2 and that for a circular orbit an = r r2 r= gR 2 v2 Eliminating an and solving for r.72 × 103 m/s Then. v = 107 × 106 m/h = 29. .. 8/e.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 11, Solution 156.

For the sun, and

g = 274 m/s 2 R= 1 1 D =   1.39 × 109 = 0.695 × 109 m 2 2

(

)

Given that an =

gR 2 v2 and that for a circular orbit: an = r r2 r= gR 2 v2

Eliminating an and solving for r, For the planet Saturn,

v = 34.7 × 106 m/h = 9.639 × 103 m/s

Then,

( 274 ) ( 0.695 × 109 ) r= ( 9.639 )2

2

= 1.425 × 1012 m

r = 1425 Gm !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 11, Solution 157.

From Problems 11.155 and 11.156,

an = an =

gR 2 r2 v2 r g r

For a circular orbit,

Eliminating an and solving for v,
For Venus,

v= R g = 29.20 ft/s 2

R = 3761 mi = 19.858 × 106 ft. r = 3761 + 100 = 3861 mi = 20.386 × 106 ft Then, v = 19.858 × 106 29.20 = 23.766 × 103 ft/s 20.386 × 106 v = 16200 mi/h !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 11, Solution 158.

From Problems 11.155 and 11.156,

an = an =

gR 2 r2 v2 r g r

For a circular orbit,

Eliminating an and solving for v, For Mars,

v=R g = 12.24 ft/s 2

R = 2070 mi = 10.930 × 106 ft r = 2070 + 100 = 2170 mi = 11.458 × 103 ft Then, v = 10.930 × 106 12.24 = 11.297 × 103 ft/s 11.458 × 106 v = 7700 mi/h !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 11, Solution 159.

From Problems 11.155 and 11.156,

an = an =

gR 2 r2 v2 r g r

For a circular orbit,

Eliminating an and solving for v, For Jupiter, g = 75.35 ft/s 2

v= R

R = 44432 mi = 234.60 × 106 ft r = 44432 + 100 = 44532 mi = 235.13 × 106 ft Then, v = 234.60 × 106

(

)

75.35 = 132.8 × 103 ft/s 235.13 × 106 v = 90600 mi/h !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

vT = 2π r 6 2π r 2π 78. David Mazurek. 8/e..3941 × 103 ft/s Time T for one orbit. Eisenberg. Jr. William E. Elliot R.2 ) ( 20. . Phillip J.806 × 103 s v 13.4608 × 10 T = = = 36.40 × 106 ft 2 /s 2 v = 13.908 × 106 ft r = ( 3960 + 10900 )( 5280 ) = 78. Clausen. E. v 2 gR 2 = 2 r r v2 = or ( 32.4608 × 106 = 179. Ferdinand P. Russell Johnston.908 × 106 ) 78.22 h ! Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Solution 160.4608 × 106 ft an = gR 2 r2 and an = v2 = 2 v2 r gR 2 r Thus.3941 × 103 ( ) T = 10. Radius of Earth Radius of orbit Normal acceleration R = ( 3960 mi )( 5280 ft/mi ) = 20. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Beer.

Eisenberg.018 m/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Data: an = gR 2 r2 gR 2 r and an = v2 ρ = v2 r v 2 = ran = g = 9. Beer. Elliot R.81 m/s 2 .81) ( 6. 8/e. Normal acceleration. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. . Solve for v2. David Mazurek. William E. Russell Johnston.370 × 106 m r = 384 × 103 km = 384 × 106 m v2 = ( 9. Phillip J. E..0366 × 106 m 2 /s 2 v = 3670 km/h ! v = 1. Clausen.370 × 106 ) 384 × 106 2 = 1. R = 6370 km = 6. Solution 161. Ferdinand P. Jr.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.

From Problems 155 through 156. Russell Johnston. For the next alignment. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. William E. Beer.370 × 103 m rA = 6370 + 190 = 6560 km = 6. Solution 162. Clausen.. the time is or an = an = gR 2 r2 v2 r g r v=R t= 2π r v t= tA = 2π r 3 2 Rg1 2 2π rA3 2 Rg1 2 and For satellites A and B. Jr. Ferdinand P. Eisenberg.475 continued Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. David Mazurek. 8/e.560 × 103    3/2 −1 = 0. tB = 2π rB 3 2 Rg1 2 Let n = number of orbits of B.690 × 103 m Then. For one orbit the distance traveled is 2π r. Phillip J.690 × 103  =  n  6.560 × 103 m rB = 6370 + 320 = 6690 km = 6. 1  6. hence. E. ( n + 1) t A = nt B 1  rB  =  n  rA  32 or −1 n + 1 t B  rB  = =  n t A  rA  32 Data: R = 6370 km = 6. . Elliot R. For a circular orbit. Eliminating an and solving for v.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.02987 or n = 33.

Elliot R.370 × 106 ( 9. Eisenberg. William E.81) ( ) ) 32 12 = 5. .5137 h Time for next alignment is nt B = ( 33. Phillip J. Russell Johnston. Beer. Clausen..690 × 106 ( 6. 8/e. David Mazurek.7 h ! Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.449 × 103 s = 1.5137 ) nt B = 50.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Time for orbit of satellite B is tB = 2π 6. E.475 )(1. Ferdinand P. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Jr.

5 ft. r θ = − 0. David Mazurek. Differentiate the expressions for r and θ with respect to time.8t cos 3π t −1.5 )( 29.67032.8t sin 3π t + 1. Elliot R. e −0.41 ft/s 2 eθ ! aθ = (1.8t = 0. θ = 29. && = 12 ft/s 2 .32e−0. r = 1 + 2t − 6t 2 + 8t 3 & r = 2 − 12t + 24t 2 && = −12 + 48t r θ = 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.56 rad/s2 & v = re r + rθ&eθ v = ( 2.41 ft/s 2 ! a = 11.00 ft/s ) er + ( 0. . Eisenberg.8t cos 3π t − 4. & r = 2. Jr.8t sin 3π t − 1. Russell Johnston. (a) Velocity of the collar. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.89 ft/s 2 er + 45..00 ft/s.89 ft/s 2 ! aθ = 45. Solution 163.26812 ) 2 ( ) ( ) ar = 11.33516 rad. & && && a = && − rθ 2 er + rθ + 2rθ eθ = ar er + aθ eθ r ar = 12 − (1. vθ = 0.5 )( 0.8t sin 3π t At t = 0. cos 3π t = 0 && θ& = 0.8t cos 3π t && θ = 0.26812 ) ( ) ( ) (c) Acceleration of the collar relative to the rod. 8/e.5π e−0. E. Beer.4e−0. r = 1.2π e −0.5 s. Ferdinand P. William E.26812 rad/s.402 ft/s ) eθ ! vr = 2 ft/s.5π 2e−0.2π e−0. &&er = 12 ft/s 2 er ! r ( ) Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.402 ft/s ! (b) Acceleration of the collar. Phillip J.56 ) + ( 2 )( 2 )( 0. sin 3π t = −1.8t sin 3π t θ& = − 0. Clausen.5e−0.

. Elliot R. David Mazurek. & vr = r = 0.71 mm/s v B = ( 0. r= 10 mm.. 8/e. a B/OA = &&er = r 20 er 343 a B/OA = 0.0583 mm/s 2 er ! ( ) Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Differentiate the expressions for r and θ with respect to time. 49 20 mm/s 2 343 θ = 0.633 mm/s 2 eθ ! ( ) ( ) (c) Acceleration of the collar relative to the rod. Eisenberg.8 mm/s 2 343  7   10   10  && && aθ = rθ + 2rθ =   ( 0 ) + ( 2 )  −  ( −4 ) = 1. r= 10 mm. && = r 20 ( t + 6 )3 mm/s 2 θ = At t = 1 s. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.71 mm/s ) eθ ! (b) Acceleration of the collar. Beer.633 mm/s 2  7   49  a B = − 22. Clausen. t+6 4 & r=− 10 (t + 6) 2 mm/s. Phillip J. π sin π t rad. Jr.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. William E. 7 θ& = 4cos π t rad/s & r=− && θ = 4π sin π t rad/s 2 && = r && θ =0 10 mm/s. & vθ = rθ = − 5. Russell Johnston. E. Ferdinand P.8 mm/s 2 er + 1. Solution 164. (a) Velocity of the collar. & ar = && − rθ 2 = r 20  10  2 −   ( −4 ) = − 22.204 mm/s.204 mm/s ) er − ( 5. θ& = − 4 rad/s.

Beer. David Mazurek. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Solution 165. Russell Johnston. Phillip J. Clausen. William E. Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Jr. the path is a circle of radius B. . Elliot R. E. Eisenberg.. 8/e.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. an = v2 a = A2 /B ! an = a = A2 /B ρ ρ= ρ= v2 an A2 2 (b) ( A /B ) =B ρ=B! Since ρ is constant. & vr = r = − A sin ( At/2B ) = − A sin θ & vθ = rθ = 2 B cos ( At/2B )  ( A/2 B ) = A cosθ   (a) 2 2 v = vr + vθ = A2 sin 2 θ + A2 cos 2 θ = A 2 v=A! Components and magnitude of acceleration. Given Differentiating twice r = 2 B cos ( At/2B ) & r = − A sin ( At/2B ) θ = At/2B θ& = A/2 B && θ =0 && = − A2 /2 B cos ( At/2B ) r ( ) Components and magnitude of velocity. Ferdinand P. & ar = && − rθ 2 = − A2 /2B cos ( At/2 ) + 2 B cos ( At/2 B )  [ A/2 B ] r   ( ) = − A2 /B cosθ && && aθ = rθ + 2rθ = 0 + (2)  − A sin ( At/2 B )  ( A/2B )   ( ) = − A2 /B sin θ 2 2 a = ar + aθ = ( A /B ) cos θ + ( A /B ) sin θ 4 2 2 4 2 2 = A2 /B From the figure a is perpendicular to v Thus.

&& θ =0 (a) At t = 2 s. N = 0. E. θ = 2Nπ . Differentiate the expressions for r and θ with respect to time. . Beer. William E. r = 3b. θ& = π rad/s v = 3π beθ & vθ = rθ = 3π b. Clausen. & r = 0. Ferdinand P. etc But θ = π t. θ& = π . r θ = 2π rad. 2π . a = − 4π 2be r (b) Values of θ for which v is maximum. cosπ t = 1 && = − π 2b. 8/e. & r = − π b sin π t . Jr. Phillip J. Russell Johnston. K Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. r = b ( 2 + cos π t ) . sinπ t = 0. 1.. Solution 166. & ar = && − rθ 2 = − π 2b − ( 3b ) π 2 = − 4π 2b r && && aθ = rθ + 2rθ = 0. 4π . & vr = r = 0 .COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. 2. & vr = r = − π b sin π t & v = rθ = − b ( 2 + cos π t ) π θ 2 2 v 2 = vr + vθ 2 = π 2b2 ⎡sin 2 π t + ( 2 + cos π t ) ⎤ ⎢ ⎥ ⎣ ⎦ = π 2b 2 ⎡sin 2 π t + 4 + 4cos π t + cos 2 π t ⎤ ⎣ ⎦ = π 2b 2 ( 5 + 4cos π t ) v 2 is maximum when cos π t = 1 or hence π t = 0. David Mazurek. Elliot R. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. 6π . Eisenberg. && = − π 2b cos π t r θ = π t.

97 ft/s 2 ( ) a = 16. & r = 6 1 + 4t 2 + 24t 2 1 + 4t 2 && = 72t 1 + 4t 2 r ( ) −1 2 ( ) −1 2 − 96t 3 1 + 4t 2 ( ) −3 2 .73 ft/s ) er + ( 4. v = ( 6 ft/s ) e r && && aθ = rθ + 2rθ = 24 ft/s 2 . Eisenberg. Jr. r = 9 2 ft/s. David Mazurek. θ = − 2 rad/s2 & vθ = rθ = 4. r θ& = 2 rad/s. θ = π 4 rad. Beer. Russell Johnston. Differentiate the expressions for r and θ with respect to time. θ = arctan 2t θ& = 2 1 + 4t 2 ( ) −1 . E.97 ft/s 2 r && && aθ = rθ + 2rθ = 3 2 ( −2 ) + ( 2 ) 9 2 (1) = 16. Elliot R. 8/e. && = 15 2 ft/s 2 r a = 24 ft/s 2 eθ ( ) (b) At t = 0. & ar = && − rθ 2 = 0.97 ft/s 2 er + 16.. Ferdinand P. && θ& = 1 rad/s. r = 6t 1 + 4t 2 .COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. && θ = − 16t 1 + 4t 2 ( ) −2 (a) At t = 0. . v = (12. Phillip J. & r = 3 2 ft. Clausen.97 ft/s 2 eθ ( ) ( ) Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.243 ft/s & vr = r = 12. && = 0 r && θ =0 θ = 0.5 s. William E.24 ft/s ) eθ 2 & ar = && − rθ 2 = 15 2 − 3 2 (1) = 16.73 ft/s. & r = 6 ft/s. & vθ = rθ = 0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. r = 0. & vr = r = 6 ft/s. Solution 167.

& v y = y = 6t ax = && = 6. . Beer. William E. Russell Johnston.. Change to rectangular coordinates. ρ =∞ Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Eisenberg. Clausen. Hence. Elliot R. Jr. Solution 168. y x+3 3 1 = =1+ =1+ 2 x x x t and y = 3t 2 + 1 from which Differentiating. 8/e. y−x=3 tan θ = x = 3t 2 & vx = x = 6t . cosθ = r= x r and sin θ = y r Equation of the path: 3 3 3r = = y x sin θ − cosθ y−x − r r or y = x + 3. from which Also. E. David Mazurek. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. x (a) Magnitudes: a y = && = 6 y v = 6 2 t ft/s 2 v = vx + v 2 y 2 a = ax + a 2 y a = 6 2 ft/s 2 (b) y = x + 3 is the equation of a straight line.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Ferdinand P. Phillip J.

E. William E. Beer. Elliot R. Solution 169. vθ = v ⋅ eθ = − v cosθ But Hence. v= & bθ 2 cos θ Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. 8/e. Sketch the directions of the vectors v and eθ.. Russell Johnston. Eisenberg. . David Mazurek. Phillip J. & bθ = − v cosθ cosθ r= b cosθ v=− & bθ 2 cos θ or Speed is the absolute value of v.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Jr. & vθ = rθ & rθ = − v cosθ But from geometry. Clausen. Ferdinand P.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 11, Solution 170.

From geometry, Differentiating with respect to time, Transverse component of acceleration
&& && aθ = rθ + 2rθ =

r=

b cosθ
& r= & b sin θθ 2 cos θ

&& & bθ 2b sin θθ 2 + 2 cosθ cos θ

(1)

Sketch the directions of the vectors a and eθ.

aθ = a ⋅ eθ = − a cosθ
Matching from (1) and (2) and solving for a,
&& & bθ 2b sin θθ 2 − 2 3 cos θ cos θ b && =− θ + 2 tan θθ& 2 2 cos θ

(2)

a=−

(

)

Since magnitude of a is sought,

|a| =

b && θ + 2 tan θθ& 2 cos 2 θ

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 11, Solution 171.

Sketch the geometry.

θ + (180° − β ) + α = 180° α = β −θ
r d = sin (180° − β ) sin α r= Sketch the velocity vectors. vθ = v ⋅ eθ = v cos ( 90° − α ) = v sin α But or
& vθ = rθ

d sin β sin α

or

v sin α =

d sin β & θ, sin α
v= d sin β θ& sin 2 ( β − θ )

v=

d sin β & θ sin 2 α

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 11, Solution 172.
& Looking at d and β as polar coordinates with d = 0, & & v = d β = dω , v =d =0
β
d

&& && aβ = d β + 2d β = 0,

&& & ad = d − d β 2 = − dω 2

Geometry analysis:

r = d 3 for angles shown.

(a)

Velocity analysis:

Sketch the directions of v, er and eθ. & vr = r = v ⋅ er = dω cos120°

1 & r = − dω 2
& vθ = rθ = v ⋅ eθ = dω cos 30°
3 dω cos 30° dω 2 = r d 3 Sketch the directions of a, er and eθ.

θ& =

θ& = ω

1 2

(b)

Acceleration analysis:

ar = a ⋅ er = a cos150° = − 3 & && − rθ 2 = − r dω 2 2 && = − r

3 dω 2 2

3 3 ⎛1 ⎞ & dω 2 + rθ 2 = − dω 2 + d 3 ⎜ ω ⎟ 2 2 ⎝2 ⎠

2

&& = − r

3 dω 2 4

1 aθ = a ⋅ eθ = dω 2 cos120° = − dω 2 2 && + 2rθ & & aθ = rθ && θ =

1 && aθ − 2rθ = r

(

)

1 3d

⎡ 1 ⎛ 1 ⎞⎛ 1 ⎞ ⎤ 2 ⎢ − 2 dω − ( 2 ) ⎜ − 2 dω ⎟⎜ 2 ω ⎟ ⎥ ⎝ ⎠⎝ ⎠⎦ ⎣

&& θ =0

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 11, Solution 173.

Rate of change of θ .

Δθ = 48.0° − 47.0° = 1.0° = 17.453 × 10−3 rad Δt = 0.5 s

θ& ≈
Let r be a polar coordinate with origin at A.
b = 4 km = 4 × 103 m r= b 4 × 103 = = 5.921 × 103 m cosθ cos 47.5°

Δθ 17.453 × 10−3 = = 34.907 × 10−3 rad/s Δt 0.5

& vθ = rθ = 5.921 × 103 34.907 × 10−3 = 206.68 m/s From geometry, v= vθ 206.68 = cosθ cos 47.5° v = 306 m/s Alternate solution. x = b tan θ

(

)(

)

& bθ & & v = x = b sec2θθ = cos 2θ

v=

( 4 × 10 )(34.907 × 10 ) = 306 m/s
3 −3

cos 2 47.5°

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

73 = 0.75° − ( −331.80° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. E.73 ft/s tan α = −v y vx = 39.53) cos 29.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Changes in values over the interval Δr = 13600 − 12600 = 1000 ft Δθ = 28.75° = 598.06636 598.0615 × 10−3 rad Δt = 2s Rates of change. Eisenberg.3° − 31.2° = − 2.75° ) = − 39. & r= Δr 1000 = = 500 ft/s Δt 2 Δθ − 5. 8/e.9° = − 5.0615 × 10−3 = = − 2.75° 2 θ& = Mean values.53) sin 29.75° + ( ( −331. & vr = r = 500 ft/s & vθ = rθ = (13100 ) −2. Clausen.2° + 28. Ferdinand P. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. David Mazurek. William E. Elliot R. Solution 174..61 ft/s v y = vr sin θ + vθ cosθ = 500sin 29. .53 ft/s 2 2 v = vr + vθ = ( ) ( 500 )2 + ( −331. Jr.53)2 = 600 ft/s v = 409 mi/h vx = vr cosθ − vθ sin θ = 500cos 29.61 α = 3. r= θ = Velocity components. Beer. Phillip J.5307 × 10−3 = − 331. Russell Johnston.5307 × 10−3 rad/s Δt 2 12600 + 13600 = 13100 ft 2 31.3° = 29.

Elliot R. Ferdinand P. r = be1/2θ . Jr. Phillip J. E. David Mazurek.. William E. .COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. 2 2 & & r = be1/2θ θθ 2 & & vr = r = be1/2θ θθ . 8/e. Clausen. 2 2 v 2 = vr + vθ = be1/2θ ( 2 2 ) (θ 2 & & vθ = rθ = be1/2θ θ 2 & +1 θ2 v = be1 2θ θ 2 + 1 2 ) ( ) 1/2 θ& Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Eisenberg. Russell Johnston. Solution 175. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Beer.

. Phillip J. Solution 176.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.. David Mazurek. William E. Elliot R. Eisenberg. Russell Johnston. r= b θ 2 . 3 θ3 2b & θ & vr = r = − θ & vθ = rθ = θ2 b & θ 2 2 v 2 = vr + vθ = 4b 2 & 2 b3 & 2 b 2 θ + 4 θ = 6 4 + θ 2 θ& 2 6 θ θ θ ( ) v= b θ 3 (4 + θ ) 2 12 θ& Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. 8/e. Ferdinand P. Jr. E. Clausen. & r=− 2b & θ. Beer.

Phillip J. 2 2 & & r = be1/2θ θθ . 2 & && = be1/2θ ⎡ θθ r ⎢ ⎣ ( ) 2 & && + θ 2 + θθ ⎤ ⎥ ⎦ 2 & & ar = && − rθ 2 = be1/2θ ⎡ θθ r ⎢ ⎣ ( ) 2 2 & && & & + θ 2 + θθ − θ 2 ⎤ = be1/2θ ⎡ θθ ⎥ ⎢ ⎦ ⎣ ( ) 2 && + θθ ⎤ ⎥ ⎦ 2 2 2 && && & && & && aθ = rθ + 2rθ = be1/2θ θ + 2be1/2θ θθ 2 = be1/2θ ⎡θ + 2θθ 2 ⎤ ⎣ ⎦ But 2 θ& = ω ar = be1/2θ (θω ) 2 and and 2 2 && θ =0 aθ = be1/2θ 2 2 2 a 2 = ar + aθ = be1/2θ ( ) (θ ( 2θω ) 2 4 + 4θ 2 ω 4 ) a = be1/2θ θ θ 2 + 4 2 ( ) 1/2 ω2 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. .COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. William E. Eisenberg. Solution 177. Beer. Elliot R. David Mazurek. E. 8/e. Russell Johnston. Jr. Ferdinand P. Clausen. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.. r = be1/2θ .

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Beer.. & r=− θ 2b & θ. William E. E. 8/e. Elliot R. r= b θ 2 . Russell Johnston. 3 && = − r θ 2b && 6b & 2 θ + 4θ 3 θ & ar = && − rθ 2 = − r θ 2b & 6b & 2 b b && θ + 4 θ − 2 θ& 2 = 4 −2θθ + 6θ& 2 − θ 2θ& 2 3 θ θ θ ( ) b && b && ⎛ 2b ⎞ & && & && aθ = rθ + 2rθ = 2 θ = ( 2 ) ⎜ − 3 ⎟θ 2 = 3 θθ − 4θ 2 θ θ ⎠ θ ⎝ ( ) But ar = b θ& = ω and && θ =0 θ 4 ( 6 − θ )ω 2 2 and aθ = − 2 4b θ3 ω2 ω2 2 2 a 2 = ar + aθ = b2 θ8 2 ( 36 − 12θ + θ 4 ω2 + θ 4 ω2 + ) 16b 2 θ6 = b2 θ8 (36 + 4θ ) a= b θ 4 (36 + 4θ 2 +θ4 ) 12 ω2 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Eisenberg. Jr. David Mazurek. Ferdinand P. Phillip J. . Solution 178. Clausen.

8/e.D Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Russell Johnston. Clausen. Eisenberg. Elliot R.E. Jr. Ferdinand P. E. David Mazurek. Beer. & & 2rr = 2dh sin ϕϕ & r= Law of sines: so that dh sin ϕ & ϕ r sin ϕ sin θ = r d & & r = h sin θϕ Q.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Phillip J. Solution 179. Sketch the geometry. Law of cosines: r 2 = d 2 + h 2 − 2dh cos ϕ Differentiating with respect to time and noting that d and h are constant.. . William E.

&& θ = 0. && θ = 0. A R= A .COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. 8/e. z = C. & vR = R = − A. & vθ = Rθ = AB. & z= & z=− C ( t + 1) − Ct ( t + 1) 2 = C (1 + t )2 ( t + 1) . z a=0 && & aθ = Rθ − Rθ 2 = 0. θ = ∞. Clausen. & vθ = Rθ = 0. Ferdinand P. & && ar = R − Rθ 2 = 0. Eisenberg. Beer. Jr. . William E. & vr = R = 0. && θ = 0. & z = 0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. θ& = B. 2C (1 + t )3 z=0 & z=C && = − 2C z & vz = z = C R = A. t +1 θ = Bt . v=0 az = && = 0. R = 0. z= Ct t +1 ( t + 1) 2A 3 2 . 2 2 2 v 2 = vR + vθ + vz = A2 + A2 B 2 + C 2 v= A2 + A2 B 2 + C 2 & && aR = R − Rθ 2 = 2 A − AB 2 && && aθ = Rθ + 2Rθ = 0 − 2 AB 2 aR = 4 A2 − 4 A2 B 2 + A2 B 4 2 aθ = 4 A2 B 2 az = 4C 2 az = && = − 2c z 2 2 2 a 2 = aR + aθ + az = 4 A2 + A2 B 4 + 4C 2 a = 4 A2 + A2 B 4 + 4C 2 (b) t = ∞. && θ = B. Elliot R. & R = 0. θ = 0. Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. && R = 0. & R = − A. E. David Mazurek. && R = 2 A. Russell Johnston. & R=− && R= (a) t = 0.. && = 0 z & vz = z = 0. Phillip J. Solution 180. θ& = B. Given: Differentiating with respect to time.

& vθ = Rθ = 2π A. Russell Johnston. z= At 2 4 & R = 0. 8/e. Eisenberg. θ& = 2π . In cylindrical coordinates. William E. R = A. Beer. Phillip J.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. θ = 2π t . && R = 0. Ferdinand P. Solution 181. & z= At 2 At && = z 2 Velocity vector: & vr = R = 0. Differentiating with respect to time. az = && = A/2 z 1 A 16π 2 + t 2 2 2 2 2 a 2 = aR + aθ + az = 16π 4 A2 + 0 + 1 2 A 4 a= 1 A 64π 4 + 1 2 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Elliot R. && θ = 0. E. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. & vz = z = 1 22 At 4 At 2 2 2 2 v 2 = vR + vθ + vz = 0 + 4π 2 A2 + v= Acceleration vector: & && ar = R − Rθ 2 = 0 − 4π 2 A && & aθ = Rθ + 2 Rθ& = 0. Clausen. . David Mazurek.. Jr.

( ) A as C shown in the sketch. 2 B = cRω n 4 + ω n t 2 12 ( ) . . Clausen. Solution 182. Russell Johnston. The angle that the osculating plane makes with the y-axis is the angle β. 8/e..97. From problem 11. Elliot R. David Mazurek. the position vector is r = ( Rt cos ω nt ) i + ctj + ( Rt sin ω nt ) k. Jr.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. cos α = eb ⋅ j = eb = v×a | v×a | ( v × a) ⋅ j = |v×a | c 2 R 2ω 2 4 + ω 2t 2 + R 4ω 2 2 + ω 2t 2  n n n n   ( R 2ω n ( 2 + ω nt ) ) ( ) 12 Let 2 A = R 2ω n 2 + ω n t 2 . Differentiating to obtain v and a. dr v= = R ( cos ω nt − ω nt sin ω nt ) i + cj + R ( sin ω nt + ω nt cos ω nt ) k dt dv 2 2 = R − ω n sin ω nt − ω n sin ω nt − ω n t cos ω nt i + R ω n cos ω nt + ω n cos ω nt − ω n t sin ω nt k a= dt ( ) ( ) 2 2 = R  − 2ω n sin ω nt − ω n t cos ω nt i + 2ω n cos ω nt − ω n t sin ω nt k    ( ) ( ) ) i j k v × a = vx v y vz = v y a z − vz a y i + ( vz a x − vx az ) j + v x a y − v y a x k ax a y az ( ( ) 2 2 = cR 2ω n cos ω nt − ω n t sin ω nt  i +  R 2 ( sin ω nt + ω nt cos ω nt ) − 2ω n sin ω nt − ω n t cos ω nt    2 − R 2 ( cos ω nt − ω nt sin ω nt ) 2ω n cos ω nt − ω n t sin ω nt  j  2 +  − cR −2ω n sin ω nt − ω n t cos ω nt  k   2 = cRω n ( 2 cos ω nt − ω nt sin ω nt ) i − R 2ω n 2 + ω n t 2 j + cRω n ( 2sin ω nt + ω nt cos ω nt ) k 2  2 2 2 2 | v × a | = c 2 R 2ω n 4 + ω nτ 2 + R 4ω n 2 + ω n t 2    ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) 1/2 The binormal unit vector eb is given by Let α be the angle between the y-axis and the binormal. Ferdinand P. Phillip J. C= A2 + B 2 so that cos α = 2 R 2 + ωn t 2 A tan β = = B c 4 + ω 2t 2 1 2 n ( ( ) ) β = tan −1 2 R 2 + ωn t 2 2 c 4 + ωn t 2 ( ( ) ) 12 ! Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. William E. Beer. Eisenberg. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. E.

Jr..7° ! π 2 s.83205k | v×a | cosθ 2 = 0.71239 2. David Mazurek. θ x = 90°.5708k i j k 1 v × a = − 4.55470 j + 0.4022 j + 12.46464 1.9946 k continued Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.7°. v= a= dr t = 3 ( cos t − t sin t ) i + 3 j + ( sin t + t cos t ) k 2 dt t +1 dv 1 = 3 ( − 2sin t − t cos t ) i + 3 dt t2 + 1 ( ) ( ) 3/2 j + ( 2cot t − t sin t ) k (a) At t = 0. v = 3 (1 − 0 ) i + ( 0 ) j + ( 0 ) k = 3i a = − 3(0)i + 3(1) j + ( 2 − 0 ) k = 3j + 2k i j k v × a = 3 0 0 = − 6 j + 9k 0 3 2 | v × a | = 62 + 92 = 10. Russell Johnston. Beer. For A = 3 and B = 1. Elliot R.817 eb = v×a = − 0. E. r = ( 3t cos t ) i + 3 t 2 + 1 j + ( t sin t ) k Differentiating to obtain v and a. Phillip J. Clausen.71239i + 2.43985 i − 13. Ferdinand P.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.53069 j + k a = − 6i + 0.83205 cosθ x = 0. Eisenberg. . Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.46464 j − 1. v = − 4. (b) At t = θ y = 123. cosθ y = − 0. William E.55470. Solution 183. θ z = 33.53069 0.5708 −6 = − 4. 8/e.

43985 ) + (13.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System 2 2 2 | v × a | = ( 4. . cosθ z = 0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Phillip J. θ z = 47. David Mazurek. cosθ y = − 0.69846 j + 0.23138.9946 )      1/2 = 19. Russell Johnston. Jr.67721k | v×a | cosθ x = − 0. 8/e.4022 ) + (12. Ferdinand P. Beer. Elliot R.4° ! Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. William E.67721 θ x = 103.3°..69846.23138i − 0. Eisenberg. Clausen. θ y = 134. E.4°.1883 eb = v×a = − 0.

. Phillip J. David Mazurek. Solution 184. t x0 = 36 ft. 1 3 kt 3 v9 = 27 ft/s v − v0 = ∫ 0 a dt = ∫ 0 kt 2 dt = Velocity: t v = v0 + x − x0 = ∫ 0 v dt = v0t + 1 3 kt 3 1 4 kt 12 Position: x = x0 + v0t + x = 144 ft 1 4 1 4 kt = 36 + v0t + kt 12 12 and v = 27 ft/s When t = 9 s. William E. Elliot R. Jr. Given: a = kt 2 ft/s 2 . (2) and k = 0.75k = 108 v0 + 1 3 k ( 9 ) = 27 3 (1) v0 + 243k = 27 Solving equations (1) and (2) simultaneously yields: v0 = 7 ft/s Then. t x9 = 144 ft.082305 f t/s 4 x = 36 + 7t + 0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.00686t 4 ft v = 7 + 0.0274t 3 ft/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. . Eisenberg. Ferdinand P. E. 36 + v0 ( 9 ) + 1 4 k ( 9 ) = 144 12 or 9v0 + 546. 8/e. Russell Johnston. Clausen. Beer.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.

6k 1   v + k ln (1 − kv )    ∫ 6 dx = ∫ 0 0. Phillip J. From v dv = a dx. Solving by trial. t v ∫ 0 dt = ∫ 0 0. Solution 185.1328 s/m (b) Position when v = 7. Elliot R.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Beer. dx = v dv v dv = a 0. William E. Jr. 8/e. dt = dv dv = a 0.5 m/s.6k (1) Using t = 20 s when v = 6 mm/s. E.6k k = 0.6 (1 − kv ) Integrating. 20 = − 1 ln (1 − 6k ) 0. Russell Johnston. From dv = a dt .. using the condition v = 0 when t = 0. .6k   x=6− 1 0. (a) Determination of k. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.6 1 − kv ( ) 1    −v − k ln (1 − kv )  0 v x v v dv Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.6k 0. using the condition x = 6 m when v = 0. David Mazurek.6k t=− 1 ln (1 − kv ) 0.6 (1 − kv ) Integrating. Eisenberg. 1 v 1  1 x−6= ∫ 0  −1 + 1 − kv  dv = 0. Ferdinand P. Clausen.6 1 − kv ( ) dv or t t 0 =− v 1 ln (1 − kv )  0 0.

1328 )( 7. Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.5 + ln (1 − ( 0. 8/e. William E. Elliot R. Beer.1328 )  0.1328 (   vmax = 1 1 = k 0. Clausen. Jr.1328 x = 434 m vmax = 7.5 m/s and the determined value of k: x=6− 1 1   7. Phillip J. Ferdinand P.. Eisenberg. . Russell Johnston. E.53 m/s (c) Maximum velocity occurs when a = 0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. David Mazurek.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Using v = 7.6 )( 0.5 ) )  0.

Jr.00 s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.667 7. Eisenberg.1 mi = 528 ft 2 v 2 = v0 + 2a x f − x0 f 2 v 2 − v0 f ( ) (a) Acceleration. v f = v0 + at f tf = v f − v0 a = 95.3333 t f = 8. Elliot R. E. . v0 = 25 mi/h = 36. 8/e. Phillip J.667 2 = 7.333 ft/s x0 = 0 and x f = 0..3332 − 36. Solution 186. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. David Mazurek. Russell Johnston. Ferdinand P. Constant acceleration. Beer.333 − 36. a= 2 x f − x0 ( ) = 95. Clausen. William E.667 ft/s v f = 65 mi/h = 95.33 ft/s 2 (b) Time to reach 65 mph.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.3333 ft/s 2 2 ( 528 − 0 ) a = 7.

Beer. Russell Johnston. Constraint of cable on left: 2v A + 3vB = 0. v B = 203 mm/s xB − ( x B ) 0 = ( v B ) 0 t + 1 1 2 aBt 2 = 0 + ( − 25.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. 8/e. E. hence. Let x be position relative to the fixed supports.. 3 and aB = − 2 aA 3 xB + 2 xC = constant 1 1 vB = v A . Elliot R. Phillip J. . (a) Accelerations. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.67 mm/s 2 3 ⎝3⎠ vB = ( vB )0 + aBt = 0 + ( − 25.3)( 8 ) = − 203 mm/s Velocity and change in position of B after 8 s. Constraint of cable on right: vB + 2vC = 0.0 ) = 12. 2 3 and aC = 1 aA 3 Block C moves downward. or vC = − or vB = − 2 x A + 3xB = constant 2 vA. Ferdinand P. David Mazurek. William E. block A also moves downward. Solution 187. v A = ( v A )0 + a AT or aA = v A − ( v A )0 t = 456 − 0 = 38. taken positive if downward.3)( 8 ) = − 811 mm 2 2 ΔxB = 811 mm Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Jr.0 mm/s2 12 a A = 38. Eisenberg.0 ) = − 25.67 mm/s 2 1 ⎛1⎞ a A = ⎜ ⎟ ( 38.0 mm/s 2 aB = − aC = (b) 2 ⎛2⎞ a A = − ⎜ ⎟ ( 38.3 mm/s 2 aC = 12.3 mm/s 2 3 ⎝3⎠ a B = 25. Clausen.

Ferdinand P. ∆v = 0 ∆v = − 80 m/s ∆v = 0 ∆v = 15 m/s ∆v = 0 a= a= a= a= a= ∆v =0 ∆t ∆v = − 5 m/s 2 ∆t ∆v =0 ∆t ∆v = 3 m/s 2 ∆t ∆v =0 ∆t Construct the x−t curve. Clausen. Russell Johnston. Jr. 8/e. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Construct the a−t curve. Elliot R. x is maximum or minimum where v = 0. v = 60 − 5 ( t − 10 ) 60 − 5t + 50 = 0 or t = 22 s Also 0 to 10 s 10 s to 22 s 22 s to 26 s x0 = −540 m ∆x = (10 )( 60 ) = 600 m ∆x = ∆x = 1 (12 )( 60 ) = 360 m 2 1 ( 4 )( − 20 ) = − 40 m 2 x10 = − 540 + 600 = 60 m x22 = 60 + 360 = 420 m x26 = 420 − 40 = 380 m Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Solution 188.. E. (a) Construction of the curves. ∆t = 16 s. For 10 s ≤ t ≤ 26 s. David Mazurek. v = 0 when ∆x = area of v−t curve. ∆t = 15 s. Eisenberg. Phillip J. ∆t = 4 s. 0 < t < 10 s: 10 s < t < 26 s: 26 s < t < 41 s: 41 s < t < 46 s: 46 s < t < 50 s: a = slope of v − t curve ∆t = 10 s. Beer. ∆t = 5 s. William E. .

5 − 20 = − 2. Eisenberg. Beer. Russell Johnston. Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System 26 s to 41 s 41 s to 46 s ∆x = (15 )( − 20 ) = − 300 m x41 = 380 − 300 = 80 m  − 20 − 5  ∆x = ( 5 )   = − 62. Phillip J.5 − 420 = 422. David Mazurek. William E.5 = 17. For 46 s ≤ t ≤ 50. 8/e.5 s t = 9s At x = 0.5 d = 1383 m Total: (c) Times when x = 0. Jr. At x = 0. . 22 s ≤ t ≤ 50 s. For 0 ≤ t ≤ 10 s.5 t = 49. Elliot R. d1 = x22 − x0 = 420 − ( − 540 ) = 960 m d 2 = x50 − x22 = − 2..5 m 46 s to 50 s (b) Total distance traveled.5 m 2   ∆x = ( 4 )( − 5) = − 20 m x46 = 80 − 62.5 m x50 = 17. 0 ≤ t ≤ 22 s.5 m x = − 540 + 60t m − 540 + 60t = 0 x = 17. Clausen.5 − 5 ( t − 46 ) = 0 t − 46 = 3. E.5 − 5 ( t − 46 ) m 17. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Ferdinand P. d = d1 + d 2 = 1382.

778 m/s ( vB )0 = 25 km/h = 6.778 = 6.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.83 m/s Then. Ferdinand P.38 s A2 = ( 2. xB − ( xB )0 = ( vo ) t + ( aB )( 5 )( 2. Jr. E. ( vA )0 = 100 km/h = 27.5aB aB = 2. Phillip J. .822 m/s 2 Determine when B reaches 100 km/h.1 m Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Russell Johnston.944 m/s Sketch acceleration curve for car B over 0 < t < 5 s. Beer.944 )( 5 ) + 12.822 )( 7.38 ) = 20.944 + 2. xB = ( xB )0 + ( vB )0 t B + A2 tB 2 by moment-area formula x A = ( x A ) 0 + ( v A )0 t B t xB − x A = ( xB )0 − ( x A )0 + ⎡( vB )0 − ( v A )0 ⎤ t B + A2 B ⎣ ⎦ 2 Then.38 ) + ( 20. Eisenberg. Solution 189. Elliot R.778 )( 7..5 ) 70 = ( 6. David Mazurek.944 − 27. Using moment-area formula at t = 5 s. xB/ A = 43. ⎛ 7.83) ⎜ ⎟ ⎝ 2 ⎠ Car B is ahead of car A. Clausen.38 ⎞ xB − x A = 120 + ( 6. William E.822t B t B = 7. and Subtracting. ( vB ) f = ( vB )0 + A2 27. 8/e. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

81 = 0.11 m/s 0.2 m.81)( 0.2 = 32. Horizontal motion: tB = tB = x0 = 0.05° ( 9.81)( 0.3810 12.3 km/h ≤ v0 ≤ 148. Solution 190. E.0 km/h 32.3810 s = 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. 8/e. .02 α = 6. ( vx )0 = v0 .788 m. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.3810 ) = 0.66° α = 4. Jr. tan α = tan α = ( 9.. x = v0t or ( 2 )(1. Beer.02 m/s 0. Eisenberg.068 m. For h = 1.07082. William E. we get and 12.81 v0 = v0 = v0 = x xB = t tB With xB = 12.2968) = 0. Ferdinand P. When h = 1068 mm = 1.2968 s ( 2 )(1. Russell Johnston.2 = 41.5 − 1.068) 9.5 m. 32.11 m/s (b) Vertical motion: Horizontal motion: tan α = − or vy = vy vx = v0 vy dy gt B =− = B dx ( vx )B v0 ( )0 − gt = − gt ( ) For h = 0.788) 9.02 m/s ≤ v0 ≤ 41. Clausen.068 m. Phillip J.5 − 0. v y ( )0 = 0 t= 2 ( y0 − y ) g ( )0 t − 1 gt 2 2 or or At point B. Elliot R. y=h tB = 2 ( y0 − h ) g When h = 788 mm = 0. 41. David Mazurek.11673.11 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.2968 115. (a) Vertical motion: y = y0 + v y y0 = 1.788 m.

Ferdinand P.84 ft /s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Clausen. E. Phillip J.27486 2 v0 g ⎛ 8 ⎞ 2 v0 = − 3. Solution 191. 8/e.1836 cos15° = − 0. The horizontal and vertical components of velocity are vx = v0 sin15° v y = v0 cos15° − gt At point B. Eisenberg. Elliot R. vx v0 sin15° = = − tan12° v y v0 cos15° − gt or v0 sin15° + v0 cos15° tan12° = gt tan12° 0.. Jr. William E.1836 ) ⎜ 0 ⎟ 2 g ⎝g⎠ 2 = 2.638g ( y − y0 ) = − ( 3. David Mazurek. Beer.1836 v0 g Vertical motion: y − y0 = v0 cos15°t − 1 2 gt 2 2 v0 1 2⎛v ⎞ − g ( 2. .46413v0 = gt tan12° t = 2.638 )( 32.10 ft 2 / s 2 v0 = 8. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Russell Johnston.2 ) ⎜ − − 0⎟ 12 ⎝ ⎠ = 78.

5974 m/s ) j v B = vB ( − cos10°i + sin10° j) Velocity of the belt: Relative velocity: (a) v C/B = v C − v B = v C + ( − v B ) v C/B is vertical. First determine the velocity vC of the coal at the point where the coal impacts on the belt.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.175 m/s vC/B is minimum.1570 2 2 β = 78. Ferdinand P.7156 m/s 78.32° = 0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.5 ) = 31. Russell Johnston. Elliot R. 8/e. Clausen.32° 2 vC = ( vC ) x + ( vC ) y = 32.8379. Beer.1570 − vB ( − cos10°) = 0.32° 10° Set the derivative with respect to vB equal to zero. 2vB − 2vC cos88.1676 m/s 10° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.669 m 2 /s 2 vC = 5. ( vC/B )x = 0 vB = 1. Jr.8cos 50° ⎣ ⎦ = −1.7156 m/s. −1.331 m 2 / s 2 ( vC ) y tan β = = − 5. or vC = 5. 2 2 2 vB/C = vB + vC − 2vB vC cos 88.1570 m/s Vertical motion: ( vC )2 = ⎡( vC ) y ⎤ y ⎣ ⎦ 2 0 − 2 g ( y − y0 ) 2 = (1. William E.5974 m/s − 5.8sin 50° ) − ( 2 )( 9.81)( −1. Sketch the vector addition as shown. E..1570 m/s ) i + ( − 5.175 m/s ( vC/B )x = −1. Solution 192.5974 = 4. .32° = 0 vB = vC cos88.32° vC = ( −1. Horizontal motion: ( vC ) x = ⎡( vC ) x ⎤ 0 = −1. David Mazurek.1676 m/s v B = 0. Phillip J. (b) v B = 1. Eisenberg.

8 ) + ( 0./s 2 dt v A = ( v A )0 + ( a A )t t = 0. William E. a A = 0. David Mazurek. Eisenberg. ( a A )t = dv A = 0.5 = 0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Given: Then. E. Beer./s ( a A )n = 2 vA ρ = (1. Clausen. Jr.8 t v A = 0. (a) t = 0. .084 in. ( a A )n = 2 vA ρ =0 a A = ( a A )t (b) t = 2 s. Ferdinand P. ( vA )0 = 0.8 )( 2 ) = 1.6 in.8 in. Russell Johnston./s 2 1/2 1/2 2 2 2 2 a A = ⎡( a A )t + ( a A )n ⎤ = ⎡( 0.6 )2 3.731 in..800 in./s 2 v A = 0 + ( 0. 8/e. Phillip J./s 2 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Elliot R.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.731) ⎤ ⎢ ⎥ ⎢ ⎥ ⎣ ⎦ ⎣ ⎦ a A = 1. Solution 193.

( aA )n ρA = (b) = gcos 50° ( 2) v A2 = ( a A )n 9.81cos 50° 2 ρ A = 0.286 )2 + 21.81)( −1) = 21.6° ( v B ) x + ( vB ) y v 2 ρB = B = gcos 74. Elliot R.07 m Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11. Beer.81cos 74. E. David Mazurek. . 8/e..97 m 2 /s 2 2 ( vB ) y = 4.6° aB = gcos 74. a A = g = 9.6° ( aB ) n = 2 2 (1. Solution 194. 1.286 or θ = 74.81 m/s 2 Sketch tangential and normal components of acceleration at A. Jr.687 . Horizontal motion: ( vB ) x = ( v A ) x = 2cos 50° = 1. William E.687 m/s tan θ = ( vB ) y ( vB ) x = 4. 1 meter below point A. Russell Johnston. Clausen. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.6° ρ B = 9. (a) At point A. Eisenberg.97 9.634 m At point B. Ferdinand P. Phillip J.286 m/s Vertical motion: ( vB ) 2 = ( v A ) 2 + 2 a y ( y B − y A ) y y = ( 2 cos 40° ) + ( 2 )( − 9.

θ = 8 rad. && θ = 32 rad/s 2 & vθ = rθ = −144 ft/s v = (12 ft/s ) er − (144 ft/s ) eθ 2 & ar = && − rθ 2 = −12 − (12 )(12 ) = −1740 ft/s 2 r && && aθ = rθ + 2rθ = (12 )( 32 ) + ( 2 )(12 )( −12 ) = 96 ft/s 2 a = − 1740 ft/s 2 er + 96 ft/s 2 eθ (b) At t ∞. Clausen. − 2t & r = 12e − t ft/s. && θ ≈0 & & vr = r ≈ 0. r = 12 ft. vθ = rθ ≈ 96 rad/s v = ( 96 ft/s ) eθ 2 & ar ≈ && − rθ 2 = − ( 24 )( 4 ) = − 384 ft/s 2 . Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Solution 195. θ& ≈ 4 rad/s. Beer. ( ) ( ) e− t r ≈ 24 ft. 0 and & r ≈ 0. Phillip J. Differentiate the expressions for r and θ with respect to time. . r aθ ≈ 0 a = − 384 ft/s 2 er The particle is moving on a circular path of radius of 24 ft and with a speed of 96 ft/s. Ferdinand P. E. William E. θ& = −12 rad/s. 8/e. Eisenberg. Elliot R. The acceleration is the normal acceleration v 2 /r = ( ) ( 96 )2 24 = 384 ft/s 2 directed toward the center of the circle. David Mazurek. && = −12e − t ft/s 2 r θ& = 2 2 − 8e− 2t rad/s & r = 12 ft/s. & vr = r = 12 ft/s. r = 6 4 − 2e − t ft.. Jr. Russell Johnston. ( ) θ = 2 ( 2t + 4e ) rad. && = −12 ft/s 2 r ( ) && θ = 32e− 2t rad/s 2 (a) At t = 0 s. Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. e − 2t && ≈ 0 r 0 θ ≈ 4t rad.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 11.

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