Assignment 1 (EDURRIC 105) Therefore, a science teacher should be equipped with the vast knowledge of light and shadow

to enable them to teach the learner.

This essay will explain thoroughly about the properties of

light, shadow and their relationship. Before we start to go in details about this topic, it is crucial for a science teacher to really know what light is. Light is a form of energy and scientifically, it can be understood as a range of electromagnetic radiation that can be detected by the organs of sight; the eyes. According to «««., light can be defined as«««««« There are two behaviours of light that explain how it travels. Light has the ability to travel freely through space; including vacuum and it travels in a straight line. Light also could pass through transparent and translucent materials. The former is a material that allows all of the light rays to pass through it while the latter only allows some. There is another. It is also important for the science teachers to explain on how light helps us to see an object since certain students would have some misconception about it. The objects that could be seen by the eyes can be categorized based on their abilities to generate or reflect the light. The objects that generate their own light are called luminous object while objects which are capable of reflecting light into our eyes are called illuminated objects. We are able to see things as soon as the light source enters into our eyes. However, what if we are able to see objects that are not light sources (illuminated objects) like planks, books and trees? That happens because the ray leaves the light source, hits an object and then is reflected into our eyes. It can be deduced that without luminous objects generating light that propagates through space to illuminated objects, the illuminated objects could not be seen. Therefore, without light, there would be no sight.

Figure 1: Light source enters our eyes (Source: 2011 Free Resources for the Primary Classroom, 2011)

Figure 2: Light source enters our eyes (Source: 2011 Free Resources for the Primary Classroom, 2011)

we need to know the three basic requisite pieces for a shadow to be formed. Opaque objects cast make dark shadows while translucent objects cast faint shadows. Based on the diagram 0. An "umbra" is the part of the shadow where all of the light from the source is blocked by the shadowing object. walls and furniture. and a screen. therefore creating a shadow light hits the objects. In real life. casts a sharply defined outlines. The shadows could be another evidence that proofs light travels in a straight line. there are so many things that could things serve screens such as floors. Before we proceed with types and shapes of shadow.7. A "penumbra" is that region around the umbra where the shadow is only partial. There must be a light source. if the light source is large compared to the object blocking the light. This happens due to the different sizes of the light sources. forming spot where no light can get to. or imperfect. The shadows are formed because an object blocks the rays of light. and some are fuzzy-looking and lacking in a definite edge. . we can see how single point source (from small light source). the shadow formed will not have a sharp edge. The object that blocks the ray of light and create a shadow could either be a translucent object or an opaque.Another subtopic under the topic of light is known as shadow. On the other hand. One example of umbra and penumbra is the lunar eclipse. It also creates two regions in a shadow that have different amounts of light in them. we can see that there are some shadows which are very sharp and distinct. known as umbra and penumbra. An opaque object do not allow light to pass through it. Figure 3: Three requisite pieces to form a shadow When we look carefully at the shapes of the shadows. an object illuminated object (translucent or opaque).

the shadow gets bigger and if an object is moved further away from the light source.3. . Figure 4: The distance between the light source and the object form different sizes of shadow (Source: Kennedy. we could see how the size of the shadow depends on the distance of the figure from the torch.Figure 3: Larger sources tend to produce fuzzier shadows. One factor that contributes to this matter is the distance between the light source and the object itself. Based on the diagram 0. From the diagram. the shadow gets smaller. we can conclude that if an object is moved closer to the light source. 1997) Some students might get curious how the same object in front of a light source could create different sizes of shadow. A.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=146&Ite mid=66 Kennedy J.. Ravanis. Zacharos. London. K. 3(3). The formation of shadows: The case of the position of light source in relevance to shadow. Knowledge & Understanding.K. (1997) Primary . (2010). 1-1-6.References 2011 Free Resources for the Primary Classroom http://www. & Vellopoulou.

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