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0 05/30/05 ISSUED FOR CONSTRUCTION VGS SS

REV DATE DESCRIPTION SOFCON-STANLEY RC


APPROVED APPROVED
KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA
‫المملكة العربية السعودية‬
ROYAL COMMISSION FOR
JUBAIL AND YANBU ‫الهيئة الملكية للجبيل وينبع‬
DIRECTORATE GENERAL FOR
‫الدارة العامة لمشروع الجبيل‬
JUBAIL PROJECT
JUBAIL INDUSTRIAL CITY ‫مدينة الجبيل الصناعية‬
JOB No. 202-T06 T06-202 :‫عمل رقم‬

DESIGN OF POWER AND


TELECOMMUNICATION SYSTEM FOR
STAGE 1 OF JUBAIL 2

FACILITY NO. 1-08-071 071-08-1 : ‫رقم المنشأة‬

CONTRACT NO. 071-C11 C11-071 :‫رقم العقد‬

SUBSTATION FOR STAGE 1 OF JUBAIL 2

230kV CABLE SIZING CALCULATIONS

SCALE: DOCUMENT No. Revision : 0

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PREPARED BY
SOFCON IN ASSOCIATION WITH STANLEY GROUP
DESIGN OF POWER AND TELECOMMUNICATION SYSTEM FOR STAGE 1 OF JUBAIL 2
SOFCON / STANLEY Association

Subject: 230kV CABLE SIZING CALCULATIONS Page 2 of 6

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CONTENTS

6. Results and Conclusions:............................................................................................................6


i) The proposed cable size of 2000mm2 XLPE copper between GIS and 400MVA
transformers is adequate..............................................................................................................6
ii) The proposed cable size of 630mm2 XLPE copper between GIS and 133MVA
transformers is adequate..............................................................................................................6

Date and Time:


Pr Prepared: AB Checked : SS Approved : RD
3/21/20110:58 a3/p3
/opt/scribd/conversion/tmp/scratch6078/53994886.doc
DESIGN OF POWER AND TELECOMMUNICATION SYSTEM FOR STAGE 1 OF JUBAIL 2
SOFCON / STANLEY Association

Subject: 230kV CABLE SIZING CALCULATIONS Page 3 of 6

Doc.-No.: 0 7 1 - 4 1 0 - 2 0 T W - E A - 0 0 8 Rev. 0

1. Purpose and Scope:

This document deals with sizing calculations for the 13.8kV cables proposed between pad
transformers to mounted switches and from pad mounted switches to existing substation
SS/6F. It may be noted that as per PTS, the CONTRACTOR shall obtain this calculation
from the cable manufacturer but now a rough calculation is done for the purpose of
selecting the tentative size of the cable.

2. Design Input:

• Design Parameters:

The following design parameters are considered.

Nominal Voltage : 13.8 kV


System short circuit current for 1 sec. : 25 kA
Maximum conductor short circuit temperature : 250°C
Maximum permissible continuous conductor temperature : 90°C

3. Assumptions:

Maximum ambient temperature of 40°C is assumed inside the duct banks

4. Methodology:

This calculation is carried out in line with SEC-EOA standards SES-P-104.03.

5. Calculations:

5.1 Ampacity Calculations for 300mm2 XLPE Copper Cable

Table 03-5(6A) of SES-P-119.03,

5.1.1 Cable Ampacity in Air

Though this is manufacturer specific, a typical value of 1890A is considered


from Table 03-5(6A) given in SES-P-104.03. Also though this value pertains
to oil filled cable, the same is considered for XLPE cable, which results in
safer design, since XLPE insulated cables typically have more ampacity than
oil filled cables.

5.1.2 Derating Factors

To this value of 1890A, derating factors have to be applied based on the


proposed laying conditions. Since in our case cable is not buried, the following
typical derating factors given in Section 4.9.4.3 of the above-mentioned SES
are considered.
Date and Time:
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3/21/20110:58 a3/p3
/opt/scribd/conversion/tmp/scratch6078/53994886.doc
DESIGN OF POWER AND TELECOMMUNICATION SYSTEM FOR STAGE 1 OF JUBAIL 2
SOFCON / STANLEY Association

Subject: 230kV CABLE SIZING CALCULATIONS Page 4 of 6

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5.1.2.1 Derating Factor for Variation in Air Temperature (F21)

In our case, the cable is partially laid in Cable Cellar which is partially
air conditioned and the other portion is laid in Cable Trench. Since
the cable trench is not air conditioned, the ambient temperature is
considered as 40°C. But since the air is not circulated, the heat
generated by the cables increases the temperature by a few
degrees. For safe design, this increase is considered as 10°C and
hence derating factor of 0.89 for 50°C air temperature [from Table
03-5(21) of the above SES] is considered.

5.1.2.2 Grays Derating Factor for Cables Installed above Ground (F22)

In each cable trench, three single core cables are laid with a spacing
of 400mm. This spacing is more than twice the diameter of the cable
and for safer design, this factor is taken as 0.95 from Table 03-5(22)
of the above-mentioned SES.

5.1.3 Derated Ampacity

This is the product of Ampacity in air multiplied by Derating factors.

In other words,

Derating ampacity = 1890 x F21 x F22


= 1890 x 0.89 x 0.95
= 1598 A

Since this is greater than the 1339A required as per Section 4.03A.1 of PTS-
1135, the cable of 2000mm2 size selected is adequate.

5.2 Ampacity Calculations for 630mm2 XLPE Copper Cable

Table 03-5(6A) of SES-P-119.03,

5.2.1 Cable Ampacity in Air

Though this is manufacturer specific, a typical value of 1890A is considered


from Table 03-5(6A) given in SES-P-104.03. Also though this value pertains
to oil filled cable, the same is considered for XLPE cable, which results in
safer design, since XLPE insulated cables typically have more ampacity than
oil filled cables.

5.2.2 Derating Factors

Date and Time:


Pr Prepared: AB Checked : SS Approved : RD
3/21/20110:58 a3/p3
/opt/scribd/conversion/tmp/scratch6078/53994886.doc
DESIGN OF POWER AND TELECOMMUNICATION SYSTEM FOR STAGE 1 OF JUBAIL 2
SOFCON / STANLEY Association

Subject: 230kV CABLE SIZING CALCULATIONS Page 5 of 6

Doc.-No.: 0 7 1 - 4 1 0 - 2 0 T W - E A - 0 0 8 Rev. 0

To this value of 1890A, derating factors have to be applied based on the


proposed laying conditions. Since in our case cable is not buried, the following
typical derating factors given in Section 4.9.4.3 of the above-mentioned SES
are considered.

5.2.2.1 Derating Factor for Variation in Air Temperature (F21)

In our case, the cable is partially laid in Cable Cellar which is partially
air conditioned and the other portion is laid in Cable Trench. Since
the cable trench is not air conditioned, the ambient temperature is
considered as 40°C. But since the air is not circulated, the heat
generated by the cables increases the temperature by a few
degrees. For safe design, this increase is considered as 10°C and
hence derating factor of 0.89 for 50°C air temperature [from Table
03-5(21) of the above SES] is considered.

5.2.2.2 Grays Derating Factor for Cables Installed above Ground (F22)

In each cable trench, three single core cables are laid with a spacing
of 400mm. This spacing is more than twice the diameter of the cable
and for safer design, this factor is taken as 0.95 from Table 03-5(22)
of the above-mentioned SES.

5.2.3 Derated Ampacity

This is the product of Ampacity in air multiplied by Derating factors.

In other words,

Derating ampacity = 1890 x F21 x F22


= 1890 x 0.89 x 0.95
= 1598 A

Since this is greater than the 1339A required as per Section 4.03A.1 of PTS-
1135, the cable of 2000mm2 size selected is adequate.

5.2.4 Short Circuit Current Rating for Copper Conductor

Nominal conductor area in mm2 = 2000 mm2

Short circuit time in seconds = 1 second

Maximum allowable short circuit current

Date and Time:


Pr Prepared: AB Checked : SS Approved : RD
3/21/20110:58 a3/p3
/opt/scribd/conversion/tmp/scratch6078/53994886.doc
DESIGN OF POWER AND TELECOMMUNICATION SYSTEM FOR STAGE 1 OF JUBAIL 2
SOFCON / STANLEY Association

Subject: 230kV CABLE SIZING CALCULATIONS Page 6 of 6

Doc.-No.: 0 7 1 - 4 1 0 - 2 0 T W - E A - 0 0 8 Rev. 0

142 × Area
for XLPE, copper conductor = (from Section
Time
4.9.6 of above SES)

142 × 2000
=
1

= 284 kA

Since this is higher than the required short circuit of 63kA, the offered
conductor size is adequate.

6. Results and Conclusions:

6.1 Results:

i) The proposed cable size of 2000mm2 XLPE copper between GIS and
400MVA transformers is adequate.
ii) The proposed cable size of 630mm2 XLPE copper between GIS and 133MVA
transformers is adequate.

6.2 Conclusions:

Based on the results of the calculations, it is concluded that the proposed conductor
sizes for 230kV cables is adequate.

7. References:

SES-P-104.03 – Cable selection

8. Attachments:

Attachment-1

Date and Time:


Pr Prepared: AB Checked : SS Approved : RD
3/21/20110:58 a3/p3
/opt/scribd/conversion/tmp/scratch6078/53994886.doc