How to Identify Rubies and Gems

By Brenda D. Priddy, eHow Contributor updated: December 09, 2010

It is possible to identify rubies and gemstones at home, but for complete identification a professional opinion is best. Identifying gemstones and rubies is a challenging process. For complete accuracy, it is best to take the stones to a professional jeweler or gem identification expert to confirm the identity of the stones. Rubies are one of the easiest gems to identify at home, and they don't require a lot of equipment to identify. The color of the gems can also be a large identification factor. If you want to become more proficient at gem identification, consider the purchase of a diamond tester, which tests the heat signatures of gemstones for identification purposes. Difficulty: Moderately Challenging

Instructions
things you'll need:
• • • • •

Gem cloth Microscope Penlight UV light Diamond tester 1. 1

o

Rubies will display the red and blue light dispersions.com/how_7623217_identify-rubies-gems. white heliodor and pink morganite. Read more: How to Identify Rubies and Gems | eHow. Follow the table outlined in the diamond tester to determine the identity of gems. If you can see green and yellow.com http://www. which is the first indicator. Garnets will show a green or yellow band between the red and blue lights. although they can also be yellow.Polish the stones with the gem polishing cloth. then it is likely a true gemstone. o 5 Check the florescence of the gem using a UV light. Each gem has its own unique heat signature that identifies it. This will help in the identification process by eliminating dirt and other contaminants. o 6 Use a diamond tester to test the heat emissions of the gems. although it can change color or have a multicolored hue. then the stone is not a ruby and may be a garnet if it is red. Rubies are the red form of corundum. blue aquamarines. Do not touch the gem to your eye. White and other colors of corundum are considered sapphires. Check the dispersion of the light by shining a penlight through the gem. A genuine gemstone will emit a florescent glow under a UV light. o 4 Hold the gem up to your eye.ehow. Artificial gems will not refract the light into different colors. Opal is usually white or black.html#ixzz1H7MoCEoJ Tips & Warnings . o 3 Inspect each gem in a microscope magnified 10 times. Members of the beryl family include green emeralds. A rainbow effect should be visible. Look at the visible colors. Diamonds are usually white. almost as if you are putting in a contact lens. o 2 Look at the general color of the gem. If the light is strongly refracted in full color range. Look at a light source through the gem. Diamonds have some of the greatest heat emissions of any gemstone.

Rubies are not graded systematically for clarity. which may have been excessively treated or could be man-made. Avoid inclusion-free natural rubies. polish and overall cut quality. as diamonds are.0 and a specific gravity of 4. eHow Member Pick an Emerald User-Submitted Article Are you considering buying emerald jewelry? Here are some guidelines for choosing the right emerald for your budget. because there is such a wide range of possible inclusions.com http://www. Avoid rubies with unusual-looking cuts or irregularly-shaped facets. Most rubies are cut in southeast Asia.• • • • • Ruby is a variety of the mineral corundum.ehow. to nearly clear with a few needle-like inclusions.com/how_2173083_picka-ruby. Almost all natural rubies have tiny needle-like inclusions of the mineral rutile (termed 'silk'). Difficulty: Moderately Easy Instructions . Ruby is the birthstone for the month of July. with a hardness of 9. Resources Read more: How to Pick a Ruby | eHow. Gem-grade rubies can vary from cloudy or milky-appearing. and the quality of the cut may be less than optimum.html#ixzz1H7Ns9HGA How to Pick an Emerald By eMerrill.0. Make sure that the ruby you choose has an acceptable level of symmetry.

Decide between natural or man-made before you start looking.html#ixzz1H7OHGzRb Tips & Warnings • • • Emeralds are crystals of the mineral beryl. The best quality emeralds presently come from the Muzo district of Colombia.0. color and clarity within your price range. you will have to look for smaller stones or man-made emeralds. but six other basic shapes are commonly available. with a hardness of 7. Natural emeralds tend to have very abundant inclusions or a cloudy appearance. o 4 Make your final choices on the basis of size. including polish and symmetry. 1 Decide whether you need to have an emerald that looks clear or has lots of inclusions. because the price ranges are different. or use your internet shopping experience to help you buy an emerald from a local jeweler. If you can't find suitable choices in your size range. and doesn't reduce the value of the emerald. Care must be taken to avoid contact with other precious gems which can scratch emeralds. Clarity is the most costly property of natural emeralds. Almost all natural emeralds are treated with cedar oil to increase the intensity of the color and reduce the appearance of inclusions. which is the rectangular emerald cut. Then make sure the quality of the cut is acceptable.o 1. If you need a relatively clear gem.com http://www. Read more: How to Pick an Emerald | eHow.com/how_2173080_pick-an-emerald. This treatment is widely accepted. Most emeralds are cut in the same shape. o 2 Determine how much you want to spend on the emerald. Purchase your favorite emerald on-line.ehow. The larger sites allow you to set a price and size range to browse. . Prices of emeralds will depend on intensity of color and clarity within a given size range.5 to 8. because clear stones are so rare. you may have to consider buying a man-made emerald. o 3 Start looking for emeralds on Internet merchant sites (see Resources below).

com http://www. Resources Read more: How to Pick an Emerald | eHow.ehow.• Emerald is the birthstone for the month of May.html#ixzz1H7OQRhuJ .com/how_2173080_pick-an-emerald.

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