Mohamad Faizal Bin Misran. AS 223. 2009851342.

Assignment 1

Question 1 Why is it important known the thermal coefficient of expansion and contraction of plastic material when designing a plastic? It is important to know the thermal coefficient of expansion and contraction of plastic material when designing a plastic because it wills affect the dimension of the product when and during moulding. It also can be simplified as the extent and shrinkage of the material after moulding. It also depends on the material used. Expansion and contraction due to temperature changes is not unique to plastics. Changes in temperature tend to cause a change in dimensions of any matter. But, the amount of dimensional change for a given temperature change can vary significantly depending on the material characteristics. Thermoplastic materials exhibit a relatively high tendency to expand and contract when subjected to a temperature change – as much as about ten times that which is exhibited by metals. Thus, by knowing the expansion and contraction behaviour, the plastic processing can be controlled in optimum condition and can produce highly production, less cost and defects.

PET is a favourable material used in the manufacturing of carbonated drinks bottles in comparison to PVC because it is environmental friendly.groups. So. PET plastic also can be recycled to save cost and environmental manner. adding more mechanical properties and others. Since PET is amorphous state. Safety in laminating process as no solvent based adhesive is used. Other reason why PET is favourable material used is it is inert (not react) towards the beverages. non-hazardous to health and safe to use as no toxic gases or volatile content is emitted. PET has low gas permeability barrier properties due its benzene ring inside PET structure. PVC has too many additives added during compounding to reduce the cost. it behave transparent the PVC. . it is very dangerous to make it as food packaging.Question 2 Explain the reason why PET is a favourable material used in the manufacturing of carbonated drinks bottle in comparison to PVC. Other reason PVC is less used in manufacturing of carbonated drinks because it toxicity since PVC contains of –cl. PET also not easily degrade (change colour) and have high resistance to environmental nature. Mean while. Some more.

Temperature gradient 4. Thin section might be degrade faster than thick section of too long times taken in heating the plastic which can cause dimensional instability and internal stress.5 o. Different in thermal conductivity. Wall thickness is an important design consideration when manufacturing plastic product because when abrupt wall thickness will be difficult to eject due to: 1. 3. . Difference in flow behaviour. Corners must be designed with radius less than 0. Pressure drop or increase. 2. Thick wall must be reduced steadily to be thin with some degree. Thus. It is difficult to make profiling. different pressure must be needed.Question 3 Explain why wall thickness is an important design consideration when manufacturing plastic product.

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