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com/fyp/ INTRODUCTION TO THE PROJECT

A Company is know by the products it sells but at the same time a company is famous for the kind marketing that it does. Marketing today is very important for all aspect of business. It happens through many forms of communication including things as basic as how your phone is answered, what your marketing collateral looks like – including business cards and letterhead - to the even more crucial direct contract of sales and customer service personnel.

Any marketing program has a better chance of being productive if it is timed, designed and written to solve a problem for potential customers and is carried out in a way that the customer understands and trusts. The pages that follow will present the marketing concept of putting the customer first.

This study of DIESEL ENGINE with special reference to TOYOTA KIRLOSKAR will highlight on the varies aspect of Coffee and the methodologies involved from growth to production.

In the study we would have a look at the different aspect of consumer satisfaction programme and also how consumer reacts to it through the questionnaire.

Marketing involves a range of processes concerned with finding out what consumers want, and then providing it for them. This involves four key elements, which are referred to as the 4Ps. A useful starting point therefore is to carry out market research to find out about customer requirements in relation to the 4Ps.

http://www.final-yearprojects.co.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.com/fyp/ There are two main types of market research : Quantitative research involves collecting a lot of information by using techniques such as questionnaires and other forms of survey.

Qualitative research involves working with smaller samples of consumers, often asking them to discuss products and services while researchers take notes about what they have to say. The marketing department will usually combine both formsofresearch.

The marketing department will seek to make sure that the company has a marketing focus in everything that it does. It will work very closely with production to make sure that new and existing product development is tied in closely with the needs and expectations of customers.

Modern market focused organizations will seek to find out what their customers want. For example, Financial service organizations will want to find out about what sort of accounts customers want to open and the standard of service they expect to get. Retailers like Argos and Homebase will seek to find out about customer preferences for store layouts and the range of goods on offer. Airlines will find out about the levels of comfort that customers desire and the special treatment that they prefer to receive.

A useful definition of marketing is the anticipation and identification of customer needs and requirements so as to be able to meet them, make a profit or achieve other key organizational objectives.

There is still a misunderstanding about the word marketing. Many people, including top executives, use it as a sophisticated term for selling. Marketing representative is commonly used in ads to recruit salespeople.

http://www.final-yearprojects.co.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.com/fyp/ Actually, marketing is a way of managing a business so that each critical business decision is made with full knowledge of the impact it will have on the customer. Here are some specific ways in which the marketing approach differs from the classic, of sales, approach to managing a business.

1. In the classic approach, engineers and designers create a product, which is then given to salespeople who are told to find customers and sell the product. In the marketing approach,

The first step is to determine what the customer needs or wants. That information is given to designers who develop the product and finally to engineers who produce it. Thus, the sales approach only ends with the customer, while the marketing approach begins and ends with the customer.

2. The second major difference between the sales and marketing approaches is the focus of management. The sales approach almost always focuses on volume while the marketing approach focuses on profit.

In short, under the classic (sales) approach the customer exists for the business, while under the marketing approach the business exists for the customer.

The marketing concept is a management plan that views all marketing components as part of a total system that requires effective planning, organization, leadership and control. It is based on the importance of customers to a firm, and states that

All company policies and activities should be aimed at satisfying customer needs. Profitable sales volume is a better company goal than maximum sales volume.

This publication is devoted to the idea that your marketing results can be improved through a better understanding of your customers. This approach usually is referred to as the marketing concept.

is the word we. including advertising. Marketing is a very complex subject. The pages that follow will present the marketing concept of putting the customer first. In addition to some introductory material on marketing approaches to budgeting. designed and written to solve a problem for customer Understands and trusts. headline writing. of course. copywriting and media analysis. first Pump and first Diesel Engine in 1946. The business continues to operate under the classic approach “Come buy this great product we have created or this fantastic service we are offering”. Success. the purpose of this publication is to help you get the most for your money.http://www. The giveaway. it deals with all the steps between determining customer needs and supplying them at a profit. but the sloganizing is often just lip service. most business activities. In other words. These Diesel Engines are the leading prime movers for agricultural construction. layout design.com/fyp/ Putting the customer first is probably the most popular phrase used by firms ranging from giant conglomerates to the corner barbershop. first Electric Motor. are dedicated to solving the firm’s problems. Industrial and power generation applications. You have to spend money on marketing. Kirloskar: Diesel Engine Manufacturers in India INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY Kirloskar pioneered the Engineering industry in India with the introduction of the India’s first Iron Plough in 1988. or the most bang for the buck.co. however. Any marketing program has a better chance of being productive if it is timed. Today Kirloskar offers a wide range of well thought ort Diesel Engines from 3HP to 344HP and from 2400 HP to 7200HP that promise failsafe and long and long life. is mire likely if you dedicate your activities exclusively to solving your customer’s problems. It is the leading manufacturer of widest variety of Diesel Engines in India. The Diesel Engines are branded as ‘Kirloskar’.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.final-yearprojects. The Kirloskar Diesel Engines are manufactured in both air .

final-yearprojects.com/fyp/ cooled and water cooled versions. Innovation and Values in the business. Quality. Our multi-unit. multi-product. industry and transport. At Kirloskar we believe that the industry and environment can and must coexist in a mutually beneficial way. OBECTIVE OF STUDY . Our best play is successful work and creation of a new industrial order where we can provide tailor made solutions to the customers. each led by the best engineering and managerial talent in India. The prestigious ISO 9001 certification for quality management systems and ISO 14001 certification for Environmental management Systems are proof of Kirloskars commitment to quality and environment. We are made up of 8 major group companies. construction and mining. For it is they who drive us further. agriculture. listening to the customer and his needs is a tradition as the group itself.co. make us reach higher. The engine mandufacturing facilities are continually upgraded and improved to ensure the requisite quality at competitive cost. multi-location conglomerate is built on the plinths of Experience. Expertise. In addition to engineering. In the customer’s often unspoken wish for better implements lies the seed for a new invention.http://www. Ours is the first engine manufacturing company in India to be awarded the ISO 14001 certification. At Kirloskar. Bringing this thought into practice is that what has driven us to manufacture the engines that are not only eco friendly but are also manufactured in an environment friendly way. a path – breaking industrial concept. and engineer better solutions.20 billion US Dollars engineering conglomerate driving critical industries. We are century old pioneers in our areas of specialization like power.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free. oil and gas and environment protection with a range of world-class industrial products and turnkey services. we have interests in civic utility systems and in information Technology and communication. We are a 1.

SCOPE OF THE STUDY This study sums up some of the descriptive information. 3) To know the sales performance of KIRLOSKAR. 2) To know about the Consumer opinion towards KIRLOSKAR through a Questionnaire. 5) Company policy of KIRLOSKAR towards its customers. 7) To know about the competitive strategy towards different actions.co.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free. its customers. 8) To know the Different product that TOYOTA KIRLOSKAR provides.final-yearprojects.com/fyp/ The major objectives of the study have been outlined here: 1) To know the about the Presence of TOYOTA KIRLOSKAR Company. 9) Customer groups of TOYOTA KIRLOSKAR. 10) Geographical regions where TOYOTA KIRLOSKA is distributed. 4) Strategies of TOYOTA in terms of customer’s likings. 6) KIRLOSKAR Financial Results and overall view of sensex. in an attempt to describe TOYOTA. as well as information from the historical record.http://www. . the brand and their impact on customers.

Voice of Customers – Industry Excellence Awards in the Indian Automation and Gensetsmarket. various customers were given the questionnaires and based on their response a detailed summary was derived. It also discusses the TOYOTA KIRLOSKAR performance in the stock market and presents the overview of the financial results highlighting the various products that TOYOTA KIRLOSKAR has in the market.com/fyp/ It reviews the various management practices and the pricing and policies. 31 award titles were presented to companies in recognition for their pioneering efforts with regards to their product lines. Newly Introduced Importance : Kriloskar GREEN received the Frost & Sullivan. To find out more about all these things. the first of its kind for the Industry in India. India Genset Industry Excellence Voice of Customer Award – Best Bang foir the Buck. at the recently held Frost & Sullivan. By doing this we got to know what the customers think about the product and what their reaction towards it is. outstanding contribution to the industry or for achieving a competitive or customer-based leading position in the India Gensets and Automation Industry.final-yearprojects. customer service and support par excellence. innovative distribution strategies. Based on detailed end-user research and customer feedback onvarious parameters.http://www. 2007.co. it History. .cc/ http://troubleshoot4free. brand presence along with details like the customer approach. The scope of the study was limited to Chickmagalur District. In this study we would highlight the business process of KIRLOSKAR.

http://www.final-yearprojects.co.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.com/fyp/ On receiving the award Mr. Vijay Varma, Director, Kirloskar Proprietary Limited (owner of the Kirloskar GREEN brand) and Senior Vice President, Kirloskar Oil Engines Ltd., said, “Kriloskar GREEN brand of generating sets were launched in February 2001. From the start, we committed ourselves to Kirloskar’s core value, since 1888 – ensure success of our customers by offering unmatched ‘Value for Money’ through the product life coupled with delightful buying and service experience. On these strengths, by 2006, Kirloskar GREEN became the world’s largest selling brand of diesel generating sets. “According to Mr. Amol Kotwal, Industry Manager, Energy and Power Systems Practice, Frost & Sullivan, “Kirloskar GREEN is today amongst the well entrenched brands in Indian Genset market, Customer assistance to achieve profitability through lower cost of Genset ownership is a true reflection of the competitive commercial terms offered by Kirloskar GREEN. The Voice of Customer Award in Best Bang for the Buck category further recognizes the company’s excellent efforts in creating value for money for its customers”.

The Genset market in India is valued at more than INR 50 Billion. A booming economy and increasing power demand supply deficit actasmajor drivers for this market. The Indian Genset market is uniquely positioned to traverse on this growth trajectory. Frost & Sullivan expects it to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of more than 15 percent between 2007 and 2012.

With increasing competition between incumbents and new players, customer feed back and satisfaction assessment (Voice of Customer) provides insights on how companies are placed in this market from an end-user perspective. Customers high degree of preference and satisfaction with a brand reflect the Best Practices followed by companies in setting the benchmark of excellence.

Frost & Sullivan followed a rigorous methodology for selecting the Award recipients. Detailed end-user/customer interviews with key decision makers (drawn from relevant functional departments) from various industry segments were conducted. These interviews were executed across various locations in India using a questionnaire. Respondents assigned ratings on a 7 – point semantic scale reflecting their satisfaction on various attributes within a given criterion.

Weightages were assigned to different criteria based on their perceived importance. Winners within a category were selected using powerful statistical analysis to compare the aggregated scores on attributes ad rank assigned to different brands for relative positions.

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About Forst & Sullivan Frost & Sullivan, the Growth Consulting Company, partners with clients to accelerate their growth. The company’s Growth Partnership Services, Growth Consulting and Career Best Practices empower clients to create a growth focused culture that generates, evaluates and implements effective growth strategies. Frost & Sullivan employs over 45 years of experience in partnering with Global 1000 companies, emerging businesses and the investment community from more than 30 offices on six continents. For more information about Frost Sullivan’s Growth Partnerships, visit http://www.frost.com About Kirloskar GREEN, Power Ideas Kirloskar GREEN diesel generating sets meet customers requirements in wide range of 3 to 6600 KVA. The generating sets are sold by over 150 Kirloskar GREEN Diesel Generating Set Dealers across India, and are serviced by over 200 Kirloskar Service Dealers.

Over 100 Service Dealers offer round the clock service, 365 days. In 2007, over 100,000 Kirloskar GREEN diesel generating sets were delivered to users in India and 30 other countries. While Kirloskar and Kirloskar GREEN are brands owned by Kirloskar Proprietary Limited, Pune INDIA, the generating set business is conducted by Kirloskar Oil Engines Ltd. Pune INDIA.

Kirloskar Oil Engines Ltd. is leading manufacturer of diesel engines in India with annual production of 164,500 engines in 2006. Kirloskar Oil Engines Ltd. offer generating sets with multiple fuel options such as high speed diesel, natural gas, bio diesels and straight vegetable oils.

Quality :

Ravi Kirloskar Quality Prize For Business Excellence

Quality is a compelling reality, that’s uppermost in our mind, translating into constant updating of technology, processes, machinery and resources. Our continuous quest for quality leads us to the pursuit of zero defect products through self assessment, right from the suppliers to the shop floor. Which is why, all Kirloskar businesses are ISO 9001 certified. Every stage of the processes, from R & D to design and manufacture and from people to the machines, is monitored.

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At Kirloskar, listening to the customers and their needs is a tradition as old as the group itself. For it is they who drive us further, make us reach higher, and engineer better solutions. In the customer’s often unspoken wish for better implements lies the seed for a new invention, a path-breaking industrial concept.

HISTORY

The Kirloskar story unfolds

It has now been more than a century since the Kirloskar story started. We started with an aim of becoming the pioneers in fields in which our country needed innovation. In the 100 years and more that we have been in existence as a family and as an pecializati, we’ve been seminal to Indian agricultural and industrial development. We gave India its first iron plough, pump and engine; inventions that were born from the need of the hour and went on to become signs of the time. That is why our group history can in many ways be considered a history of the Economic and industrial revolution in India.

It has now been more than a century since the Kirloskar story started. We started with an aim of becoming the pioneers in fields in which our country needed innovation. In the 100years and more that we have been in existence as a family and as an pecializati, we’ve been seminal to Indian agricultural and industrial development. We gave India its first iron plough, pump and engine; inventions that were devised from the need of the hour and went on to become signs of the time. Which is why our group history can in many ways can be considered a history of he economic and industrial revolution in India.

The founder and the first factory village

The Kirloskar story starts with Laxman Rao Kirloskar, the founder. A man who believed that an understanding of one’s environment and reality was essential to

became a manager. KBL also manufactured groundnut shellers. Anantrao Phalnikar. India’s first industrial township. Laxman Rao Kirloskar set foot on 32 acres of barren land strewn with cacti and infested with cobras. A highlight of the early history of the group is Kirloskarvadi. Orininally intended as an essential aid to agriculture. From this stead fast belief was born the iron plough. both convicted dacoits. Shamburao Jambhekar doubled as Engineer and all – round healing man. planned and administered the township. the first Kirloskar product. an unsuccessful student. the plough soon became an icon of reform and revolution. when the Kirloskar were being ousted from Belgaum to make room for a new suburb. treasurer and odd jobs man. Tukaram Ramoshi and Priya Mang. A model factory – village created by Laxman Rao and his band of dedicated workers. Such was our founder’s faith in the human being that. It began as the only Indian company with its own standard products – the fodder cutter and the iron plough. In January 1910.Kulkarni.K. K. sugarcane crushers and pumps. Sensing this need. Laxman Rao banded together 25 workers and their families and succeeded in transforming the barren expanse into his dream village.http://www. To power these .final-yearprojects. Mangesh Rao Rege was the clerk and chief accountant.co. Driven by his faith in human ability. Ramuanna. who admired and respected Laxman Rao Kirloskar.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free. a school drop-out flowered into an imaginative engineer. Two months later.com/fyp/ the manufacture of path-breaking industrial implements. offered the latter all the land he needed in Aundh state. the Raja of the princely state of Aundh. they found themselves in dire need of a place to live and work. Laxman Rao’s brother. which competed with the British products. which were to usher in a new economic order in the Indian Industry. became the trusted guards of Kirloskarvadi! The first Kirloskar Group Company Kirloskar Brothers Limited (KBL) – the first Kirloskar venture at Kirloskarvadi was to become the base for all of the Kirloskar Group’s subsequent enterprises.

created a new company – The Mysore Kirloskar Limited.final-yearprojects. The policy shifts and changes in authority were the order of the day. situated in Harihar. Mysore Kirloskar sold all of manufactured seven lathes. and also the group’s flagship company. In the first month of production. creation. KBL then shifted its focus to fluid handling and control. and for one of its premier industrial houses.co. diesel engines. Shantanurao had to face . with characteristic foresight began making machine tools. This marked a turning point for the group. His experience of trying to secure the land for his factory in Pune was quite different from his father’s in Kirloskarvadi. The new generation – Innovation. Playing a Part in the War The intensified boycott of the British goods and the approaching World War threatened to stop imports of machine tools into India. As India’s largest manufacturer of pumps and valves. There was no benevolent ruler here to bestow acres gratis. the Kirloskar Group. for the country. This company.http://www. coal gas generators and electric motors were developed at Kirloskarvadi. KBL lends its strength and expertise to every new venture of the Kirloskar Group. Shantanurao Kirloskar. tradition From colonialism to independence An important change. benefited greatly from the patronage of yet another Raja – the Maharaja of Mysore.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free. The Kirloskar. The altered political climate of the 1940s heralded the end of the princely patronage for enterprise. from farm implements to machine tools. In a display of great versatility. This paradigm shift of sorts. the eldest son of the founder peciali to Pune to initiate a new aspect of the group’s activites – diesel engines.com/fyp/ machines.

twelve months after signing an agreement of collaboration with Associated British Oil Engines Export Ltd. a lawyer who made industry his sole area of operation. in 1946. Though the development of air compressors was an established activity at Kirloskarvadi. the first being the making of an engine. Finally. KECL’s logo in the 40’s The setting up of KECL and other Kirloskar companies saw a major role being played by Nanasaheb Gurjar. Shantanurao’s youngest son. Way back then.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free. the authorities whom Ravi Kirloskar had approached for land were astonished by the request for 25 acres. and signified a bridging of the technological gap between east and west. and soon after that gave India her first vertical high – speed engine.http://www. incidentally. under the eventual management of Shreekant Kirloskar. This task was brought to completion by Ravi Kirloskar. Brijlal Sarda. Kirloskar Pneumatic Company Limited began the manufacture of air compressors and pneumatic tools.final-yearprojects. his youngest son. Today. This was the second of Laxmanrao Kirloskar’s long cherished dreams. . a full – fledged plant to manufacture the same was set up at Pune in 1958. bought this first engine! To electric motors and pneumatics The making of the electrical motor. This collaboration. In collaboration with Broom and Wade of England. after arguing that factories have a longer life than human beings Shantanurao Kirloskar won a place for Kirloskar Oil Engines Ltd. who reported its satisfactory running for over 4 decades. The KOEL factory was incorporated in 1946. Of UK. was the first of its kind between an Indian and a foreign company.co. (KOEL).com/fyp/ the tangle of red tape and public resistance to acquisition of land for industrial purposes. Kirloskar Electri Company Limited (KECL) has four plants occupying several times that acreage.

its turnkey expertise is sought in almost every major industrial project in India. the Kirloskar Group has refocused and restructured its direction by concentrating on its core segment of agriculture. the Group has channeled its potential in these core sectors. This company set up Hotel Blue Diamond in Pune and began to manage Hotel Pearl in Kolhapur. Collaboration with Twin Disc Inc. power.final-yearprojects. of the USA has taken the company into torque invertors. KCL. It has identified and is implementing processes that would bring greater customer focus and competitiveness. The Group aims at unlocking the strength and value in the Kirloskar brand and distribution to enhance returns for its stakeholders.http://www. By consciously opting out of hospitality. This gave birth to the concept of pecializa engineering consultancy and a new company – Kirloskar Consultants Limited (KCL) in 1963. water supply. A New Direction – services The phenomenal success of the Kirloskar name prompted entrepreneurs and businessmen of the time to approach the group for guidance and expertise. advertising and unreal services. and air conditioning.com/fyp/ Today. roads and environment. The dawn of a new millennium To meet the changing demands of a global business environment and emerging Economic trends. irrigation. has contributed to critical areas such as defense. marine gear boxes and rail traction transmissions. This paradigm shift saw the setting up of yet another service company – Pune Industrial Hotels Limited in 1964. Marking an extension of the group’s repertoire from manufacturing to services. The Baker’s Basket confectionery chain and the Hotel and Catering Consultancy Services (HOCON) were also set up. the Kirloskar Group’s first foray into hospitality.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free. in its 25 years of operation.co. .

Landmarks in the Kirloskar Saga 1888 Our Kirloskar Brothers established. 1927 . It is still spurred by the simple yet profound ethic born with Laxmanrao Kirloskar that where there is will there are many ways. the Kirloskar Group is a conglomerate with interests across a diverse range of industries. 1901 India’s first fodder – cutter made.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.http://www.co. 1924 Export of ploughs to Britain begins. 1904 First six ploughs made.final-yearprojects.com/fyp/ Today.

1940 India’s first vertical diesel engine manufactured. 1949 India’s first 5 HP Petter type AV1 Engine manufactured.http://www. 1953 .final-yearprojects. 1950 Manufacture of bi-metal thin-walled bearings started. 1946 Kirloskar Oil Engines and Kirloskar Electric established.com/fyp/ Kirloskar becomes the first manufacturer of India’s first HP electric motor. 1941 The Mysore Kirloskar Limited established.co.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.

1975 . 1958 First alternator made and Kirloskar Pneumatic Company established.final-yearprojects.http://www. Kirloskar Consultants and Kirloskar Systems incorporated. 1973 First overseas office established in Malaysia. 1962 Hotel Blue Diamond started.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free. 1964 First DC motor made . 1966 FH Schule purchased in Germany. Diversification in Hospitality Industry.com/fyp/ Kirloskar manufactures India’s first transformer.co.

http://www. 1982 First pie stick engine manufactured. Singapore established. 1976 Kirloskar Kenya set up in Nairobi. 1984 Thyristor converter made .co.final-yearprojects. 1992 . 1988 Kirloskar Group Completes a 100 years in operation . Ltd. Kirloskar Ebara JV established for specialization in Pumps.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.com/fyp/ Bearing plant started in Ahmedngar. the Centenary year. 1991 Kirsons Trading Pvt.

1993 All major companies in the group receive ISO 9001 Certification. 1997 Manufacturing of Anti – Corrosion Coatings at Kirloskar Brothers Limited. Joint Venture between Kirloskar Oil Engines Limited and KNECHT Filterwerke GmbH. USA dated March 8.final-yearprojects. Kirloskarvadi. Kirloskar Filters Limited merged with Kirloskar Oil Engines Limited and later demerged to form a joint venture company.com/fyp/ Kirloskar Ferrous Industries Ltd. for the manufacture and sale of stationary non – vehicular.http://www. KOEL and KEC celebrate Golden Jubilee Merger of Kirloskar Oil Engines Limited. 1996 India’s first Concrete Volute Pump installed in Dahanu .co. Established. to manufacture automotive and industrial filters. 2. 1997 Agreement to dissolve the partnership between Kirloskar Oil Engines Limited and Cummins Engine Inc. Joint Venture between Kirloskar Oil Engines Limited and Briggs & Stratton Corporation. 1998 . 3. USA. 1996.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free. petrol and kerosene gensets and Pumpsets. with Prashant Khosla Pneumatic Limited on March 1. 1. Germany.

Joint Venture between Kirloskar Oil Engines Limited and Denso Corporation. and the directors appointed him as the Joint Managing Director with effect from 20th August 1998. undertakings of Poona Industrial Hotel Ltd. 3. Japan. for the manufacture of car air conditioners and aluminum radiators for Automotive applications. Kirloskar Pneumatic Company Limited. Kirloskar Oil Engines Limited gets ISO 14001 certification for Environment Management Systems from TUV. Hotel Blue Diamond. Shivaji Works Ltd. the following took over as Chairman and Managing Directors of the respective companies: Mr. 3. 1999 1. Kirloskar Oil Engines Limited. Kirloskar. 4. Sanjay C. Kirloskar.co. Rahul C. Kirloskar. Kirloskar Brothers Limited. 2. With the stepping down of Mr. Vijay Kirloskar as Chairman and Director as on 23rd July 1998.com/fyp/ 1. Mr. merged with Kirloskar Oil Engines Limited.. Were sold to Taj Group of Hotels. for a period of five years. Atul C. Gautam Kulkarni co-poted as an additional director on the Board of Kirloskar Oil Engines Limited. Mr. Mr. 2.final-yearprojects. Baramati.http://www. Pune and Hotel City Inn.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free. . Collaboration Agreement of Kirloskar Brothers Limited with Ebara Corporation – Japan for Hydro Turbines.

Agreement to dissolve the partnership between Kirloskar Oil Engines Limited and KNECHT Filterwerke GmbH. 2002 Agreement to dissolve the partnership between Kirloskar Oil Engines Limited and Briggs & Stratton Corporation. USA. 6. Japan forms a joint venture with Kirloskars to manufacture multi-utility vehicle QUALIS.com/fyp/ 5. ISO 14001 Certifications for major plants of Kirloskar Brothers Limited and Kirloskar Oil Engines Limited. .cc/ http://troubleshoot4free. Germany. Vijay Kirloskar and six companies under him separate from the Kirloskar group of Companies. Launch of Kirloskar Green Power Ideas by KOEL at New Delhi on 26th Feb 2000.co.http://www. All India trophy of largest exporter of pumps for 11th successive year from EEPC. 2001 KBL gets order to supply concrete volute pumps worth 78 Million US Dollors to world’s largest hydro – electric project : Sardar Sarovar Narmada Valley Project.final-yearprojects. Toyota Corp. 2000 Mr.

power. The Kirloskar Group of Companies : We are made up of 8 major group companies.com/fyp/ Toyota. (KPL) We are also proud partners in joint ventures with companies like Ebara Corporation. For us manufacturing is just not limited to our factory premises and our products.final-yearprojects. (KPCL) Kirloskar Proprietary Limited. • Kirloskar Ebara Pumps Limited.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free. (KBL) Kirloskar Ferrous Industries Limited. (KOEL) Kirloskar Pneumatic Company Limted.http://www.Kirloskar introduces its latest offering in India the luxury sedan CAMRY. (KFIL) Kirloskar Middle East FZE. It is also about world class service. These 8 companies form the core of Kirloskar group. oil and gas. industry and transport each led by the best engineering and managerial talent in India. In addition to engineering. construction and mining.co. (KEPL) . Toyota Motor Corporation. we also have interests in civic utility systems and in information Technology and communication. Each company is a renowned name in its own area of operation and is respected world wide for its services and products. the renowned auto manufacturer. (KMEF) Kirloskar Oil Engines Limited. who are players in major sectors like manufacturing. agriculture. • • • • • • Kirloskar Brothers Limited.

cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.42 19.16 19. Capital Structure Period Instrument From To Authorized Issued.4 19. • Kirloskar Institute of Advanced Management Studies.4 19.4 19163548 19163548 19163548 2 2 10 10 10 10 10 19.16 19.P A I D U P Capital Capital (cr) Capital (cr) Shares (nos) Face value 19.com/fyp/ We take equal pride in shaping capable managers and dedicated human beings at Kirloskar Institute of Advanced Management Studies.16 2006 2007 Equity Share 110 2005 2006 Equity Share 22 2004 2005 Equity Share 22 2003 2004 Equity Share 22 2002 2003 Equity Share 22 2001 2002 Equity Share 22 2000 2001 Equity Share 22 .65 19417238 19. incorporated in 1920 is the acknowledged leader in fluid handling and largest manufacturer and exporter and exporter of pumps in India.42 19.42 19.co.42 19.65 19417238 19.65 97086500 19. It is our education center for imparting knowledge to the managers of tomorrow.final-yearprojects.http://www.65 97086190 19. (KIAMS) Kirloskar Brothers Limited Kirloskar Brothers Limited (KBL).

25 19016362 17.32 137.31 108. NS NSE : KIRLOSKAR Reuters: KROL. --------------- Mar’03 12 mths mths Net Tax 38.BO ----------------.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.5 1993 1994 Equity Share 4.22 0.11 2.11 2.com/fyp/ 1997 1999 Equity Share 22 1996 1997 Equity Share 22 1995 1996 Equity Share 22 1994 1995 Equity Share 4.75 73.final-yearprojects.58 0. Cr.co.02 17.18 584250 109170 2183200 10 10 10 10 10 19.30 105.70 Cash From Profit Before Mar’04 12 mths Mar’05 12 mths Mar’06 12 mths Mar’07 12 .22 17216644 0.50 Net Operating 77.18 KROL .in Rs.97 239.28 245.http://www.58 0.5 BSE : 500243 Cash Flow 19.03 62.60 201.

64 -34.co.37 -2.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.43 6.71 -28.59 Investing Activities Net Cash (used in)/from Financing -86.com/fyp/ Activities Net Cash (used in)/from 12.71 .39 Activities Net (decrease)/increase in 3.64 -68.04 10.60 -19.99 -100.final-yearprojects.07 -78.96 -32.39 -13.http://www.95 23.

64 41.69 17.co.com/fyp/ Cash Equivalents Opening Cash & and Cash Cash Equivalents 15.final-yearprojects.http://www.NS Comparison with other Engines Market Cap BSE – All Groups 01 Feb 17:31 Company Name Last Price % Chg 52 High wk 52 Low wk Market Cap .73 6.73 6.71 19.59 Closing Cash & Cash Equivalents 19.69 17.14 25.14 25.BO KROL.30 BSE : 500243 NSE : KIRLOS SOIL Reuters : KROL.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.

com/fyp/ Cummins 342.00 0.70 301.35 312.53 Kirloskar Oil 126.00 380.25 0.64 Swaraj Engines 280.10 2.20 0. traded as on 01 Feb 17:31 Company Name Open High Name Low Last Prv Change Price Close Chg % Cummins 325.final-yearprojects.551.10 301.81 .00 314.20 Creaves Cotton 318.10 301.35 338.00 Price List of Companies within the industry selected.80 256.05 3.20 462.00 139.co.446.00 276.95 11.00 466.45 0.70 317.00 125.35 0.55 324.80 0.00 132.00 6.64 1.778.08 Kirloskar 132.30 4.69 373.00 Greaves Cotton Swaraj Engines 200.00 289.00 122.57 1.05 1.00 280.55 317.00 126.00 348.84 317.50 342.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.08 3.81 100.http://www.

063.00 11.05 3.com/fyp/ Net Sales BSE – All Groups 01 Feb 17:31 Company Name Last Price Change % Change Net Sales (Rs.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.00 Cummins Greaves Cotton Swaraj Engines Net Profit 0.20 242.86 .08 3.05 178.918.70 0.32 342.32 301. cr) Cummins 342.81 1.http://www.05 0.final-yearprojects.57 1.64 1.00 Company Name Last Price Change % Change Net Profit (Rs.08 122.20 0.35 317.25 1.25 11.81 14.35 0.72 1.00 Greaves Cotton Swaraj Engines 317.39 129.80 4.64 0.80 4.05 0. cr) Kirloskar Oil 126.875.05 0.co.41 Kirloskar Oil 126.70 301.

.http://www. jet engines.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free. alternatively. a windscreen wiper motor. trebuchets. in this case. in turn from the Latin ingenium. large catapults. A car has a starter motor. windscreen washer motor. battering rams. Usage of the term Originally an engine was any sort of mechanical device that converted some form of force into mechanical or motion force. a flow of hydraulic fluid or compressed air). related . Later came civil engineers. An engine whose purpose is to produce kinetic energy output from a fuel source is called a prime mover. who designed and built roads. docks and buildings. but aircraft are propelled by engines. The term “gin” as in cotton gin is recognized as a short form of the Old French word engine. so the first engineers were military engineers. Military devices such as catapults are referred to as siege engines.com/fyp/ Chapter – 2 COMPANY PROFILE Engine An Engine is something that produces some form of output from a given input.final-yearprojects. Again an aircraft will have many motors installed for operation of its many auxiliary operations and services.co. a fuel pump motor and motors to adjust the wing mirrors from within the car and a (motorized) radio antenna – but the power plant that propels the car is an engine. bridges. a motor is a device which produces kinetic energy from a preprocessed “fuel” (such as electricity. etc. Military engines included siege engines.

generate electricity. are prehistoric. Some were quite complex. rather than carrying an oxidizer. Antiquity Simple machines. which is used to operate other machinery. water pumps and siege engines in Ancient Rome. According to Strabo. follow – ons to the original steam engine. animal power. he mentions a stone – cutting saw powered by water. and this is where the steam engine gained its name. Frontinus and Pliny the Elder. “rendering engine” and “text – to – speech engine”. dams. The writers of those times. used to regulate the speed of rotation. water power. and systems of gears. By the 1st century AD.co. an early mechanical computing device). In more modern usage. pump water or compress gas. More complex engines using human power. pulleys. Most devices used in the industrial revolution were referred to as an engine. various breeds of cattle and horses were used in mills. Use of water wheels in mills spread throughout the Roman Empire over the next few centuries. as in a rocket. and with ropes. an air breathing engine is one that uses atmospheric air to oxidize the fuel carried. or toothed-wheels made of wood with metal. Hero of Alexandria demonstrated both wind and steam .com/fyp/ to ingenious. In a poem by Ausonius in the 4th centuary. and in mines. such as club and oar (examples of the lever). wind power and even steam power date back to antiquity. using machines similar to those powered by humans in earlier times. this power was transmitted and multiplied. Human power was focused by the use of simple engines.final-yearprojects. with aqueducts. a water powered mill was built in Kaberia in the kingdom of Mithridates in the 1st century BC. In most cases the work is supplied by exerting a torque. the term is used to describe devices that perform mechanical work.http://www. and block and tackle arrangements. The term has more recently become popular in computer science in terms like “search engine”. These were used in cranes and aboard ships in Ancient Greece. treat these engines as commonplace. In the context of propulsion systems. and sluices to maintain and channel the water. such as the capstan. windlass or treadmill. including Vitruvius. so their invention may be far more ancient. “3-D graphics game engine”.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free. even though these “engines” are no mechanical and cause no mechanical action (this usage may have been inspired by the “difference engine”.

wind power. which eventually led to the steam engine and Industrial Revolution in 18th centuary Europe. The transfer of these technologies to medieval Europe later laid the foundations for the industrial Revolution in 18th century Europe. ship mills. [4][5] In 1551.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free. gristmills. as it transforms continuous rotary motion into a linear reciprocating motion. sugar refineries. al-Jazari invented the crankshaft and connecting rod.http://www. from the Middle East and Central Asia to al Andalus and North Africa. while horizontal – wheeled and vertical – wheeled water mills were both in widespread use since at least the 9th century. Modern . although it is not known if these were put to any use. [2] In 1206. Taqi al-Din invented a practical steam turbine as a prime mover for rotating a spit. including fulling mills. [2] Muslim engineers also invented crankshafts and water turbines. stamp mills. and pioneered the use of dams as a source of water power to provide additional power to watermills and water-raising machines. Medieval During the Muslim Agricultural Revolution from the 7th to 13th centuries.com/fyp/ powered machines in the 1st century. Muslim engineers developed numerous innovative industrial uses of hydropower. steel mills. and fossil fuels such as petroleum. and windmills. and the earliest large factory complexes (tiraz in Arabic). and is central to modern machinery such as the steam engine and the internal combustion engine. employed gears in mills and water-raising machines.final-yearprojects. and employed them in a crank – connecting rod system for two of his water – raising machines. A similar steam turbine later appeared in Europe a century later. every province throughout the Islamic world had these industrial mills in operation. paper mills. [1] The industrial uses of watermills in the Islamic world date back to the 7th century. His invention of the crankshaft is considered one of the most important mechanical inventions after the wheel. By the 11th century.[3] Such advances made it possible for many industrial tasks that were previously driven by manual labour in ancient times to be mechanized and driven by machinery to some extent in the medieval Islamic world. A variety of industrial mills were invented in the Islamic world. early industrial uses of tidal power. hullers. sawmills.co. tide mills.

. His design created an engine in which the corresponding pistons move in horizontal cylinders and reach top dead centre simultaneously. whilst the American Samuel Morey received a patent on April 1. has been the most successful for automobiles. Forced air induction by turbo charging and supercharging have increased power outputs and efficiencies available. solar. Larger diesel engines are still often used in trucks and heavy machinery.http://www. France. 1826.final-yearprojects. He concentrated his efforts on creating a reliable gas two – stroke engine that was more powerful. Karl Benz was granted a patent for his design of the first engine with horizontally – opposed pistons. In 1878 he began to work on new designs. Benz finished his engine on New Year’s Eve and was granted a patent for it in 1879. This is especially evident with the popularity of smaller diesel engine propelled cars in Europe. reciprocating internal combustion engines. based on Nikolaus Otto’s design of the four-stroke engine. They must have an even number of cylinders and six.co. while diesel engines are used for trucks and buses. Karl Benz was one of the leaders in the development of new engines. The most well-known engine of this type is probably the Volkswagen beetle engine. however they have far more torque. engines used by automobile producers such as Porsche and Subaru. Sir Dugald Clark (1854 – 1932) designed the first two – stroke engine in 1878 and patented it in England in 1881.com/fyp/ Samuel Morland allegedly used gunpowder to drive water pumps in the 17th century. four or two cylinder flat engines have all been common. through his successive inventions registered while designing what would become the production standard for his two – stroke engine. 1824. however. The petrol internal combustion engine. steam. Engines of this design are often referred to as flat engines because of their shape and lower profile. operating on a four – stroke Otto cycle. Continuance of the use of the internal combustion engine for automobiles is partly due to the improvement of engine control systems (onboard computers providing engine management processes. and electronically controlled fuel injection). Many BMW motorcycles use this engine type. thus automatically balancing each other with respect to their individual momentums. In 1896.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free. The fundamental theory for two – stroke engines was established by Sadi Carnot. For more conventional. turbine. Automotive production has used a range of energy – conversion systems. Engines of this type continue to be a common design principle for high performance aero engines (for propeller driven aircraft) and. and piston – type internal combustion engines. Karl Benz showed his real genius. They do not burn as clean as gasoline engines. Similar changes have been applied to smaller diesel engines giving them almost the same power characteristics as petrol engines. rotary. These include electric.

There . Several three – cylinder.http://www.cylinder designs rated at 40 horsepower (30 KW). compared with the large volume V-8 American engines with power ratings in the range from 250 to 350 hp (190 to 260 KW). compared with six-cylinder designs rated as low as 80 horsepower (60 KW). Also. two – stroke – cycle models were built while most engines had straight or in – line cylinders. V-8 layouts were adopted for all piston displacements greater than 250 cubic inches (4 litres). This produced more economical engines with earlier four . Although a few limited – production battery – powered electric vehicles have appeared. This has created new interest in alternate power sources and internal combustion engine refinements. because of economic and other restraints. The higher forces and pressures created by these changes created engine vibration and size problems that led to stiffer. particularly in the American models. weight. more compact engines with V and opposed cylinder layouts replacing longer straight line arrangements.com/fyp/ The internal combustion engine was originally selected for the automobile due to its flexibility over a wide range of speeds. the power developed for a given weight engine was reasonable. Engines have ranged from 1 to 12 cylinder designs with corresponding differences in overall size. However. and cylinder bores. Four cylinders and power ratings from 19 to 120 hp (14 to 90 KW) were followed in a majority of the models. including increasing the pressure in the cylinders to improve efficiency. Design changes incorporated all known methods of raising engine capacity. There has been a growing emphasis on the pollution producing features of automotive power systems. The first half of the twentieth century saw a trend to increasing engine power. increasing the size of the engine. The design principles favoured in Europe. In the twenty –first century the diesel engine has been increasing in popularity with automobile owners. moderately priced fuel – petrol.final-yearprojects. has not yet been significantly challenged. leant toward smaller cars and corresponding design principles that concentrated on increasing the combustion efficiency of smaller engines. they have not proved to be competitive owing to costs and operating characteristics.co.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free. with its new emission control devices to improve emission performance. and it used a readily available. piston displacement. and increasing the speed at which power is generated. it could be produced by economical mass-production methods. the gasoline engine. In passenger cars. Earlier automobile engine development produced a much larger range of engines than is in common use today.

a 14-cylinder.co.7 tonnes of fuel each hour.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free. The 1970s and 80s saw an increased interest in improved fuel economy which brought in a return to smaller V-6 and four – cylinder layouts. and when running at 102 RPM produces 109. Air – breathing engines include : • • • • • • • Internal combustion engine Jet engine Ramjet Scramjet Pulse detonation engine Pulse jet Liquid air cycle engine / SABRE Diesel engine . The largest internal combustion engine ever built is the Wartsila – Sulzer RTA 96-C. compression ratios were relatively low. Air – breathing engines Air – breathing engines use atmospheric air to oxidize the fuel carried. 2-stroke turbocharged diesel engine that was designed to power the Emma Maersk. this should result in a better specific impulse than for rocket engines. This engine weighs 2300 tonnes. the largest container ship in the world.000 php (80. Overhead camshafts were frequently employed. Theoretically. 080 KW) consuming some 13.final-yearprojects. rather than carrying an oxidizer. with as many as five valves per cylinder to improve efficiency. The smaller engines were commonly air – cooled and located at the rear of the vehicle.http://www.com/fyp/ were several V-type models and horizontally opposed two – and four – cylinder makes too. as in a rocket.

By this time Robert Bosch had developed the spring – loaded fuel injector. MAN continued to build engines to Diesel’s original design into the 1920s. [1] However. a process by which fuel is injected after the air is compressed in the combustion chamber causing the fuel to self ignite.co. .cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.com/fyp/ A Diesel engine is an internal combustion engine which operates using the Diesel cycle. a gasoline engine utilizes the Otto cycle. No engine has been built to Diesel’s original design since the 1930s. 7241) was filed in 1892.http://www. By contrast.final-yearprojects. Importantly. had a diesel engine working for Newport Sanitary Authority. who by July 1892. Herbert Akroyd Stuart and Charles Richard Binney had already obtained a patent (No. diesel tractors and locomotives were being built in some quantity in Grantham. All mechanical – injection diesel engines built from the 1920s onwards used some form of jerk-pump and spring – nozzle injection. 1893. where fuel is delivered to the cylinder by a high pressure jerk-pump rather than compressed air. His patent (No. Early history timeline • 1862: Nicholas Immel develops his coal gas engine. in which fuel and air are mixed before entering the combustion chamber and then ignited by a spark plug. By 1896. it was based on the hot bulb engine design and patent on February 23. manufacturers building diesel engines under patent from MAN began building engines with ‘solid’ injection systems. England in 1891 and leased the rights to Richard Hornsby & Songs. 7146) in 1890 entitled : “Improvements in Engines Operated by the Explosion of Mixtures of Combustible Vapour or Gas and Air” which described the world’s frist compression – ignition engine. Invented in 1892 by German engineer Rudolf Diesel. From around 1910. This system was invented by Herbert Akroyd Stuart and used on Ruston-built oil engines. Patent controversy It is possible that Rudolf Diesel was not the first to invent the diesel engine. which provided greater accuracy than the simple nozzle of earlier systems. A Diesel engine uses compression ignition. Diesel’s airblast injection system did not become part of subsequent “diesel” engines. similar to a modern gasoline engine. [2] Akroyd-Stuart constructed the first compression – ignition oil engine in Bletchley. five years before Diesel’s prototype.

101 is built and installed in a water works. • 1896 : Hornsby builds diesel tractors and railway engines.final-yearprojects. and leases rights to Hornsby of England to build engines.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free. . Diesel builds his first working prototype. thanks to other people’s improvements. and the engine ran for six hours. He is employed by refrigeration genius card von Linde. • 1894: Witte. Diesel would achieve much the same thing five years later. • 1897 : Winton produces and drives the first US built gas automobile. claiming the achievement for himself.H. T. • 1892: Hornsby engine No. They build the first cold start. • 1893: August 10th – Diesel builds a working version of his ideas. then Munich iron manufacturer MAN AG. Reid. It was in the MAN truck museum in Stockport.Barton at Hornsbys builds an experimental version where the vaporizer was replaced with a cylinder head and the pressure increased. compression ignition engines. and Fairbanks start building oil engines with a variety of ignition systems. On February 17th.co. The engine was not really ready for market until 1908. • 1892: John Froelich builds his first oil engine powered farm tractor. He borrows ideas from them and leaves a legacy with all firms. he later builds diesel plants. • 1892 : Rudolf Diesel develops the principles of his proposed Carnot heat engine type motor which would burn powdered coal dust. and is now in the Anson Engine Museum in Poynton.http://www. Automatic ignition was achieved through compression alone (the first time this had happended). of Bletchley perfects his oil engine. and later by the Sulzer engine company of Switzerland. which narrowly avoids a catastrophic explosion in Augsburg.com/fyp/ • 1891: Herbert Akroyd Stuart.

Rundlof invents the two – stroke crankcase. • 1903 : Ship Gjoa transits the ice-filled Northwest Passage. • 1902 : A company named Forest City started manufacturing diesel generators.com/fyp/ • 1897 : Mirrlees. Denmark buy rights to build diesel engines. • 1899 : Diesel licenses his engine to builders Krupp and Sulzer. polar explorer Amundsen’s flagship. patents. who become famous builders. • 1908 : Bolinder – Munktell starts building two stroke hot-bulb engines. . It is the first in the United States. the Z. • 1898 : Busch installs a Rudolf Diesel type engine in his brewery in St. This engine. pictured above. aided with a Dan kerosene engine. • 1904 : French build the first diesel submarine.K. Burmeister & Wain (B & W) of Copenhagen. Rudolf Diesel perfects his compression start engine. This is now displayed in the Anson Engine Museum at Poynton.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free. is in a German museum. SS Fram. • 1912 : First diesel ship MS Selandia is built. scavenged hot bulb engine. and licenses it. Watson & Yaryan build the first British diesel engine under license from Rudolf Diesel.co. Cheshire U. Louis. • 1902 : F.http://www.final-yearprojects. is converted to a AB Atlas diesel.

War service proves engine’s reliability. • 1930s : Caterpillar starts building diesels for their tractors. • 1928 : Canadian National Railway employs a diesel shunter in their yards. • 1922 : Mack Boring & Parts Company is established.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free. Atlas Imperial of Oakland. It builds diesel railroad engines-The Pionee Zephyr-and goes on to found the General Motors Electro-Motive Division.com/fyp/ • 1913 : Fairbanks Morse starts building its Y model semi diesel engine. and then builds his own into trucks and a Duesenberg luxury car at the Daytona speedway. Rudolf Diesel died mysteriously when he took a ship (SS Dresden) to cross the English Channel. • 1914 : German U-Boats are powered by MAN diesels. founder of Mack Boring & parts company. which becomes important building engines for landing craft .final-yearprojects. • 1930 : Edward McGovern Sr. • 1920s : Fishing fleets convert to oil engines. • 1933 : Citroen introduced the Rosalie. a passenger car with the world’s first commercially available diesel engine developed with Harry Rcicardo.http://www. and Lister diesels appear.. opens the first diesel – only engine institute in North America. • 1930s : Clessie Cummins starts with Dutch diesel engines. • 1934 : General Motors starts a GM diesel research facility.co. US Navy submarines use NELSECO units. Union. • 1924 : First diesel trucks appear.

and the method of ignition.co. How diesel engines work In mechanical terms. which draws an air/fuel mixture into the cylinder during the intake stroke. the diesel aspirates air alone. instead of the spark plug used in a gasoline engine. A diesel engine relies upon compression ignition to burn its fuel. • 1936 : Airship Hindenburg is powered by diesel engines. This principle is used in both four-stroke and two-stroke diesel engines to produce power. . the internal construction of a diesel engine is similar to its gasoline counterpart-components such as pistons. or a two-stroke cycle. Following intake. Unlike a gasoline engine. a diesel engine may operate on a four – stroke cycle (similar to the gasoline unit’s Otto cycle). If a piece of steel were to be heated to that level it would glow cherry red. In both cases. Like a gasoline engine. AT & SF inaugurates the diesel train Super Chief. its temperature will increase to a point where fuel will burn upon contact. a diesel’s compression ratio is usually between 16:1 and 25:1 this extremely high level of compression causes the air temperature to increase to 700 to 900 degrees Celsius (1300 to 1650 degrees Fahrenheit). the principal differences lie in the handling of air and fuel.final-yearprojects.com/fyp/ and tanks in the Second World War. connecting rods and a crankshaft are present in both. Whereas a gasoline engine’s compression ratio is rarely greater than 11:1 to avoid damaging preignition. the cylinder is sealed and the air charge is highly compressed to heat it to the temperature required for ignition.http://www.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free. GM then applies this knowledge to market control with its famous Green Leakers for buses and railroad engines. If air is compressed to a high degree. albeit with significant dissimilarity to the gasoline equivalent. • 1936 : Merceds – Benz builds the 260D diesel car.

In all major aspects.http://www. resulting in cleaner combustion and greater efficiency. The size of the gas compressor needed to power such a system made early diesel engines very heavy . causing a rapid and considerable increase in cylinder temperature and pressure (generating the characteristic Diesel “knock”). The piston is driven downward with great force. The above sequence generally describes how a diesel operates. nearly all present – day diesel engines use the so – called solid injection system invented by Herbert Akroyd Stuart for his hot bulb enine (a compression – ignition engine that precedes the diesel engine and operates slightly differently). However. causing the fuel charge to be atomized. When the piston nears bottom dead center the spent combustion gases are expelled from the cylinder to prepare for the next cycle. pushing on the connecting rod and turning the crankshaft. that of igniting fuel by compression at an extremely high pressure within the cylinder. which atomized the fuel and forced it into the engine through a nozzle (a similar principle to an aerosol spray). which will increase the volume of the intake air charge.com/fyp/ As the piston approaches top dead center (TDC).final-yearprojects.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free. However. This is called an air-blast injection. ignition instantly occurs.co. the exhaust gases will be used to drive a turbocharger. there are striking differences between the four – stroke and two –stroke versions: Fuel Injection in Diesel Engines Earl fuel injection systems The modern diesel engine is a combination of two inventors’ creations. Solid injection raises the fuel to extreme pressures by mechanical pumps and delivers it to the combustion chamber by pressure – activated injectors in an almost solid – state jet. Owing to the high air temperature in the cylinder. it holds true to Rudolf Diesel’s original design. fuel oil is injected into the cylinder at high pressure. Diesel’s original engine injected fuel with the assistance of compressed air. In any cases.

http://www.final-yearprojects.co.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.com/fyp/ and large for their power outputs, and the need to drive a compressor lowered power outputs, and the need to drive a compressor lowered power output even more. Early marine diesels often had smaller auxiliary engines whose sole purpose was to drive the compressors to supply air to the main engine’s injector system. Such a system was too bulky and inefficient to be used for road- going automotive vehicles.

Solid injection systems are lighter, simpler, and allow for much higher speed, an so are universally used for automotive diesel engines. Air-blast systems provide very efficient combustion under low-speed, high-load conditions, especially when running on poor-quality fuels, so some large marine engines use this injection method. Airblast injection also raises the fuel temperature during the injection process, so is sometimes known as hot-fuel injection. In contrast, solid injection is sometimes called cold-fuel injection.

The vast majority of diesel engines in service today use solid injection and the information below relates to that system. In the diesel engine, only air is introduced into the combustion chamber. The air is then compressed to about 600 pounds per square inch (psi), compared to about 200 psi in the gasoline engine. This high compression heats the air to about 1000 degrees Fahrenheit. At this moment, fuel is injected directly into the compressed air.

The fuel is ignited by the heat, causing a rapid expansion of gases that drive the piston downward, supplying power to the crankshaft. In Diesel’s manuals, he described the supply of compressed gas into the cylinder to promote the final burn. It is now possible to fumigate the air intake with a small quantity of LPG/CNG. The now air-gas mixture is compressed as above, and when the diesel ignites, the small quantity of gas ignites as well, causing a more rapid and more complete burn of the diesel. Most diesel engines waste between 30 and 15% of the diesel fuel, so by burning the near total amount of diesel consumed on each stroke, the mechanical effect is to improve the torque curve by as much as 28%. The net outcome of applying gas into diesel is improved fuel economy via better torque at the driving wheels resulting in fewer gear changes, and greatly reduced exhaust emissions.

Advantages of the diesel engine are numerous. It burns considerably less fuel than a gasoline engine performing the same work. It has no ignition system to attend to. It can deliver much more of its rated horsepower on a continuous basis than can a gasoline engine. The life of a diesel engine is generally longer than a gasoline

http://www.final-yearprojects.co.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.com/fyp/ engine. Although diesel fuel will burn in open air, it will not explode unless compressed.

Some disadvantages to diesel engines are that they are very heavy for the horsepower they produce due to the required heavy design, and their initial cost is much higher than a comparable gasoline engine.

Mechanical and electronic injection :

Older engines make use of a mechanical fuel pump and valve assembly that is driven by the engine crankshaft, usually from the timing belt or chain. These engines use simple injectors that are basically very precise spring-loaded valves that open and close at a specific fuel pressure.

The pump assembly consists of a pump that pressurizes the fuel and a discshaped valve that rotates at half crankshaft speed. The valve has a single aperture to he pressurized fuel on one side, and one aperture for each injector on the other. As the engine turns, the valve discs will line up and deliver a burst of pressurized fuel to the injector at the cylinder about to enter its power stroke.

The injector valve is forced open by the fuel pressure, and the diesel is injected until the valve rotates out of alignment and the fuel pressure to that injector is cut off. Engine speed is controlled by a third disc, which rotates only a few degrees and is controlled by the throttle lever. This disc alters the width of the aperture through which the fuel passes, and therefore how long the injectors are held open before the fuel supply is cut, which controls the amount of fuel injected.

http://www.final-yearprojects.co.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.com/fyp/ This contrasts with the more modern method of having a separate fuel pump which supplies fuel pump which supplies fuel constantly at high pressure to each injector. Each injector has a solenoid, is operated by an electronic control unit, which enables more accurate control of injector opening times that depend on other control conditions, such as engine speed and loading, resulting in better engine performance and fuel economy. This design is also mechanically simpler than the combined pump and valve design, making it generally more reliable, and less noisy, than its mechanical counterpart.

Both mechanical and electronic injection systems can be used in either direct or indirect injection configurations.

Older diesel engines with mechanical injection pumps could be inadvertently run in reverse, albeit very inefficiently, as witnessed by massive amounts of soot being ejected from the air intake. This was often a consequence of push starting a vehicle using the wrong gear.

Indirect injection

Indirect injection

An indirect injection diesel engine delivers fuel into a chamber off the combustion chamber, called a prechamber or ante-chamber, where combustion begins and then spreads into the main combustion chamber, assisted by turbulence created in the chamber. This system allows for a smoother, quieter running engine, and because combustion is assisted by turbulence, injector pressures can be lower, which in the days of mechanical injection systems allowed high-speed running suitable for road vehicles (typically up to speeds of around 4,000 RPM). The prechamber had the disadvantage of increasing heat loss to the engine’s cooling system, introducing pumping losses in the narrow throat connecting it to the main cylinder, and restricting the combustion burn.

Which reduced the efficiently by between 5% - 10% in comparison to a direct injection engine, and nearly all require some form of cold start device such as glow

http://www. and pumps. Some.com/fyp/ plugs. various engine manufacturers developed their own type of pre-combustion chamber.co. the most commonly used design turned out to be the “Comet” series of swirl chambers developed by Sir Harry Ricardo. generators. During the development of the high – speed diesel engine in the 1930s. Indirect injection engines are cheaper to build and it is easier to produce smooth. indirect injection engines are still used in some road – going vehicles.final-yearprojects. such as small marine engines. quiet – running vehicles with a simple mechanical system. high speed diesel engines in automotive. Indirect injection engines were used widely in small – capacity. such as Lanova. so such engines are still often used in applications that carry less stringent emissions controls than highway vehicles. However. With electronic injection systems. tractors. Most European manufacturers of high . until direct injection technology advanced in the 1980s. Others. using a two – piece spherical chamber with a narrow “throat” to induce turbulence.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free. but most prefer the greater efficiency of direct injection. used a mechanical system to adjust the shape of the chamber for starting and running conditions.speed diesel engines used Comet – type chambers or developed their own versions (Merceds) . had complex internal designs. marine and construction uses from the 1950s. such as Mercedes – Benz.

42 19.00 0.00 0.00 0.final-yearprojects. ---------------NSE : KIRLOSOIL ISIN : INE250A01021 Share Application Money 0.66 0. Cr.06 445.76 562.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.72 67.42 19.http://www.35 831.00 542.65 396.00 0.00 Reserves 347.25 Preference Share Capital 0.42 19.89 1.in Rs.23 0.11 28.17 6.42 19.96 0.06 415.42 19.34 0.00 718.31 404.00 0.89 37.01 106.42 19.co.42 Equity Share Capital 19.49 66.00 29.48 613.00 698.08 Secured Loans Unsecured Loans Total Debt 26.com/fyp/ CHAPTER – 3 COMPANY OVERVIEW Kirloskar Oil Engines BSE : 500243 Industry : Engines Balance Sheet Mar’03 12mths 12mths 12mths 12mths 12mths Sources of Funds Total Share Capital 19.00 0.66 Total Liabilities .00 0.80 785.84 99.42 10.16 19.10 51.00 0.72 51.42 0.62 0.93 Mar’04 Mar’05 Mar’06 Mar’07 ---------------.38 851.00 Revaluation Reserves Networth 367.16 19.00 0.39 957.

56 148. Loans & Advances 869.72 Total CL & Provisions 761.89 517.37 274.40 242.38 530.82 294.com/fyp/ Mar’03 12mths 12mths 12mths 12mths 12mths Application of funds Gross Block 390.25 Cash and Bank Balance Total Current Assets 573.67 .41 499.70 122.93 308.56 Provisions 70.74 0.94 505.92 Capital work in progress 4.94 Current Liabilities 224.00 0.52 679.58 192.00 456.77 13.83 586.00 266.24 Investments 173.94 25.59 Net Block 137.10 86.81 169.73 199.51 314.20 254.61 5.01 Mar’04 Mar’05 Mar’06 Mar’07 Less : Accum Depreciation 255.85 Total CA.10 386.61 110.03 35.87 22.99 Fixed Deposits 1.94 Sundry Debtors 155.36 219.56 342.28 378.70 0.00 100.00 383.00 0.17 414.85 188.32 74.24 386.47 12.05 263.43 389.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.37 6.final-yearprojects.07 Loans and Advances 290.co.51 483.39 201.49 287.91 Differed Credit 0.11 128.46 312.33 148.80 168.37 0.82 131.19 253.73 256.40 421.61 241.53 4.84 57.69 6.43 Inventories 80.20 17.71 289.45 432.http://www.10 505.43 0.

00 90.86 1286.78 95.08 Contingent Liabilities Book Value (Rs) 0.41 214.28 106.47 124.in Rs.37 957.00 271.co.69 93.http://www.10 87.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.69 191.BD KROL. -------------- 939.00 Total Assets 404.91 73.00 785.com/fyp/ Net Current Assets 89.24 1111.13 240.68 260.27 108.00 0.09 0.00 0.59 286.08 613.18 114.12 BSE : 500243 NSE : KIRLOSOIL Reuters : KROL. Cr.final-yearprojects.69 .20 1546.53 Miscellaneous Expenses 0.NS Kirloskar Oil Engines BSE : 500243 Industry : Engines Profit & Loss Account Mar’03 12mths 12mths 12mths 12mths 12mths Income Sales Turnover Mar’04 Mar’05 Mar’06 Mar’07 NSE : KIRLOSOIL ISIN : INE250A01021 -----------------.57 445.

64 1.10 108.68 28.98 31.01 Employee Cost 68.46 132.http://www.67 6.60 1171.16 -9.64 24.74 1.95 1.50 1.14 277.65 136.99 26.43 Stock Adjustments 12.00 901.86 Mar ‘03 12 mths Operating Profit Mar ‘04 12 mths Mar ‘05 12 mths Mar ‘06 12 mths Mar ‘07 12 mths 203.95 Miscellaneous Expenses 19.25 232.28 Total Income885.17 50.74 107.30 225.32 25.53 6.com/fyp/ Excise Duty 64.65 Net Sales 874.51 150.66 106.362.74 807.74 11918.27 -0.68 83.30 92.288.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.45 2.65 27.32 Total Expenses 793.45 32.78 Selling and Admin Expenses 72.55 187.36 113.88 666.009.81 .72 10.30 72.46 Expenditure Raw Materials 588.78 42.86 89.71 19.28 94.34 -0.66 93.31 Other Manufacturing Expenses 26.94 1019.722.co.49 100.87 1.26 7.566.32 125.69 1.55 7.16 -3.070.98 9.final-yearprojects.02 PBDIT 92.83 263.98 1409.90 10.87 Interest 13.26 Preoperative Exp Capitalised -0.41 8.88 Depreciation 34.81 23.21 114.77 26.07 -0.98 22.03.53 14.37 143.034.32 18.34 Power & Fuel Cost 17.79 162.55 287.62 125.63 982.57 PBDT 78.81 6.14 268.34 1.71 Other income -1.07 127.

13 0.http://www.00 73.38 50.com/fyp/ Other Written Off Profit Before Tax 0.10 87.38 61.30 Reported Net Profit Total Value Addition 360.38 45.42 24.69 200.41 BSE: 500243 NSE: KIRLOSOIL .98 Extra-ordinary itmes PBT (Post Extra-ord Items) 239.51 Preference Dividend Equity Dividend 9.00 0.83 38.24 34.24 2.44 88.05 0.00 191.41 18.00 214.64 194.00 0.71 19.59 99.31 -3.83 1.31 199.45 6.00 200.17 196.00 178.00 0.48 20.00 0.54 70.89 204.07 0.96 106.84 27.00 286.07 44.70 232.00 200.02 Corporate Dividend Tax Per share data (annualized) Shares in issue (lakhs) 970.00 235.16 246.67 21.00 3.00 0.87 Earning Per Share (Rs) Equity Dividend (%) Book Value (Rs) 191.final-yearprojects.31 5.41 306.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.18 7.59 263.37 7.00 100.12 125.co.60 203.61 7.67 36.67 Tax 51.00 0.77 173.27 38.09 6.00 240.49 3.53 982.09 41.

443.79 1.938.49 22.16 100.028.http://www.25 12.64 97.42 ----- Tax On Extraordinary .BO KROL.72 1.59 Mar ‘07 1.206. Cr.33 1.26 -- -- -- Profit on Sale of Investments ------ Gain/Loss on Foreign Exchange ----------- VRS Adjustment Other Extraordinary Income / Expenses -Total Extraordinary Income/Expenses 3.38 11. ………………….051. Mar‘03 Sales Turnover Oterh Income Mar ‘04 881.285.82..12 Total Income893.91 22.65 23.58 1.10 928.final-yearprojects.88 Mar ‘06 1.co.471.NS Yearly Results ….78 219.01 158.26 Mar ‘05 1.42 1.42 44.02 1.com/fyp/ Reuters: KROL.17 Total Expenses Operating Profit Profit on Sale of Assets --- 815.16 108.28 99.…………………… in Rs.04 1.719.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.21 1..982.074.01 66.43 27.

com/fyp/ Items ------ Net Extra Ordinary Income/Expenses -----186.65 396.60 201.40 36.42 Reserves Face Value 347.50 -3.37 Book Value Equity 19.76 173.59 227.55 70.44 89.BO KROL.00 698.66 2.95 271.59 178.30 Gross Profit 78.44 9.31 Depreciation 34.50 3.74 14.16 131.final-yearprojects.69 3.66 18.42 19.34 542.00 10.32 25.co.98 31.31 105.81 Interest 8.63 131.38 45.41 Net Profit Prior Years Income/Expenses -- -- -- -- ------ Depreciation for Previous Years Written Back / Provided -Dividend Tax Dividend (%)----------- Earnings Per Share 21.99 26.42 19.00 10.http://www.09 41.54 20.20 263.27 245.24 34.81 Depreciation on Revaluation of Assets PBT Tax 38.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.65 27.00 2.NS .97 239.89 200.41 PBDT 72.07 122.96 831.93 10.84 27.68 61.42 19.42 19.92 273.00 BSE: 500243 NSE: KRILOSOIL Reuters: KROL.

NS Cash Flow ….42 19. ……………………….65 19417238 19. Cr.co.65 97086190 19.com/fyp/ Kirloskar Oil Engines Capital Structure Period Instrument (cr) (cr) Authorized Capital Issued Capital -PAIDUPShares Capital 19. Mar‘03 Mar ‘04 Mar ‘05 Mar ‘06 Mar ‘07 .65 19417238 19.16 19.16 19.18 584250 109170 2183200 BSE: 500243 NSE: KIRLOSOIL Reuters: KROL.58 0.18 From To (nos) Face Value 2006 2007 Equity Share 110 2005 2006 Equity Share 22 2004 2005 Equity Share 22 2003 2004 Equity Share 22 2002 2003 Equity Share 22 2001 2002 Equity Share 22 2000 2001 Equity Share 22 1997 1999 Equity Share 22 1996 1997 Equity Share 22 1995 1996 Equity Share 22 1994 1995 Equity Share 4.11 2.BO KROL.65 97086500 19.4 19.http://www.5 19.4 19.22 0.5 1993 1994 Equity Share 4.22 17216644 0.25 19016362 17.16 19.…………………… in Rs.58 0.42 19.final-yearprojects.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.11 2.42 19.42 19..4 19163548 19163548 19163548 2 2 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 19.02 17.

00 .53 2.BO KROL.39 Net (decrease)/increase In Cash and Cash Equivalents 3.32 137.08 256.com/fyp/ 12 mths 12 mths 12 mths 12 mths 201.00 100.04 10.20 0.75 73.70 Investing Activities 12.00 276.64-68.cr) Cummins 343.95 23.co.64 462.37-2.39-13.NS Comparison with other Engines Market Cap BSE – All Groups Company Name Last Price Market Cap % Chg52 wk High 52 wk Low (Rs.97 239.57 1.30 105.778.03 62.80 200.69 Kirloskar Oil 126.00 Greaves Cotton 317.96-32.00 0.10 6.70 466.31 108.50 Net Profit Before Tax Net Cash From Operating Activities Net Cash (Used in) /from 38.43 6.07-78.64 -34.446.99-100.71 -28.60 19.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.28 12 mths 245.final-yearprojects.35 1.71 Opening Cash & Cash Equivalents Clsoing Cash & Cash Equivalents BSE: 500243 NSE: KIRLOSOIL Reuters: KROL.59 Net Cash (used in)/from Financing Activities-86.60 77.551.http://www.

063.70 .00 373.35 Cummins 126.00 125.25 0.50 Prv Close 342.32 Greaves Cotton 317.41 0.55 317.05 3.00 3.00 208.70 301.25 % Change Net Sales Kirloskar Oil 126.35 312.05 Change 0.com/fyp/ Swaraj Engines 301.64 0.00 11.72 1.10 301.5 0.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.875.32 Greaves Cotton Swaraj Engines 317.81 380.10 301.25 % Change Net Sales Kirloskar Oil 342.20 280.00 Last Price 314.81 132.35 1.55 324.05 325.64 1.http://www.20 0.05 178.00 139.80 Kirloskar Oil 132.45 0.57 0.00 Cummins 342.84 Price List of Companies within the industry selected.80 4.35 Change 338.30 % Chg 4.08 318.08 1.918.95 Net Sales Company Name Last Price 0.00 0.00 242.70 317.00 122.91 Net Profit Company Name Last Price 4.00 126.05 3.00 289.co.39 129.20 0.08 122.64 Swaraj Engines 11.20 Open High Low 348.final-yearprojects. traded as on 01 Feb 17:31 Company Name Cummins 1.00 Greaves Cotton 0.80 Change 1.

cylinders3.final-yearprojects.http://www.00 11.4 .co.81 14.05 3.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.86 CHAPTER – 4 PRODUCT PROFILE MEDIUM ENGINES R1040 liquid – cooled diesels Model : R-1040 Series of Engines Specifications : No.com/fyp/ Swaraj Engines 301.

37 Space envelope 4R1040 Engine model L X W X H (dimensions in mm 1140 X 650 X 946 Engine model L X W X H (dimensions in mm Emission @ 1500 rpm 4R1040 < 3.59 Engine model Ratio w/o flywheel Hp : Max Continuous Duty rating 4R1040T 5. 4R1040TC (rcyl TC).cc/ http://troubleshoot4free. Turbocharged After cooled (TA) (Cylinder version) Model nomenclature 4R1040TA (4 cyl TA) 3R1040 (3 cyl NA). 4R1040 (4cyl NA).final-yearprojects.7 KW Speed range 1500 rpm – 2800 rpm Weight to power Ration (kg / hp) Wt : Dry weight 3R1040 4R1040 5.45 4R1040TA 4.http://www.45 5. 105 X 120 Bore X Stroke (mm X mm) Cooling Water Cooled.com/fyp/ Aspiration Naturally Aspirated (NA). with radiator cooling Power range 26.0 Clutch Power take off Torque converter Coupling Jackshaft .co. Turbocharged (TC) (Cylinder version).

1.com Additional product information : . For further details.com/fyp/ Optional accessories Instruments Flywheel housing (SAE.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.co.3 and 4) Safety system against low lub oil pressure. contact : mediumengines@kriloskar. over speed Hydraulic oil cooler Absorption type Silencer Spark arrestor Dry type air cleaner (as against oil bath type std) Special lub oil sumps to suit high inclinations Gear driven hydraulic pump Belt / gear driven compressor Flexible coupling PTOs 24 V Electrical (as against 12 V std) Maintenance and usage warranties : 12 months from the date of dispatch or 18 months from the date of manufacturing or 3600 working hours which ever is earlier under normal working conditions. high Water temperature. Service call – time response : Average mean time to repair is 3 days Manufacturing Company : Kirloskar Oil Engines Ltd.final-yearprojects.2.http://www.

final-yearprojects. of cylinders Aspiration Bore X Stroke (mm X mm) Power range Speed range 10 Vee Turbocharged after cooled 128 X 142 500-560 KVA 1500 rpm – 1800 rpm Dry engine weight (in kg) with flywheel and SAE 1 flywheel housing 1. Excavation and mining. Oil and Gas. Road transport. Prime movers. SMALL ENGINES 10K18TA Model : 10K18TA V-line turbocharged after cooled Specifications : No. Natural disaster Industry Section transport Diesel power. Electrical systems. Transport User Sub Sector Power generation.http://www. Water Application Areas Power plants. Excavation.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.com/fyp/ User Application sector Power. Ground breaking. Farm irrigation. Construction and Earthmoving. Harvesting. Fire fighting systems. Sprinkler irrigation. Pumping systems.175 Rated output as per ISO 3046/ . Flood irrigation. Irrigation systems. Water supply and sewerage. Refrigeration systems. Agriculture. Utilities. Exploration.co. Large community irrigation schemes. Extraction. Residential and commercial.

final-yearprojects.com/fyp/ BS 5514/IS 10002 (hp) -gross Prime continuous rating at 1500 rpm 1800 rpm (output available with varying load for the duration of the interruption of the normal source power) 602 at 1500 rpm 676 at 1800 rpm Power consumed by radiator fan (hp) 17 at 1500 rpm 30 at 1800 rpm BMEP at rated output @ 1500 rpm (kgf/cm2) -Prime continuous rating Space envelope : Length (mm) Width (mm) Height (mm) 19.248 Swept volume (cc) Compression ratio 15:1 Class of governing Class AO (with electronic governor) Fuel consumption @ 1500 rpm @ 75% load (litre / hr) 18.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.co.389 1.3 .273 Fuel consumption @ 1800 rpm @ 75% load (litre /hr) 81.8 1.557 1.http://www.

4 Manufacturing Company : Kirloskar Oil Engines Ltd.final-yearprojects. Fire fighting systems Application Areas Power plants. Exploration. Ground breaking.co. Construction and Earthmoving Transport User Sub Sector Power generation.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free. contact : mediumengines@kriloskar. commercial. Water supply and sewerage. Natural disaster Industry Sector Diesel power. Electrical systems Product Category Engines 12K22TA Model : 12K22TA V-line turbocharged after cooled .com Additional product information : User application Sector Power.com/fyp/ 93. Large community irrigation schemes. For further details.http://www. Excavation and mining. Oil and Gas. Prime movers. Pumping systems. Extraction.

http://www. of cylinders Aspiration Bore X Stroke (mm X mm) Power range Speed range 12 Vee Turbocharged.com/fyp/ Specifications : No.8 Space envelope : Length (mm) Width (mm) Height (mm) .final-yearprojects.575 rated output as per ISO 3046/ BS 5514 / IS 0002 (hp) -Gross Prime Continuous Rating at 1500 rpm 1800 rpm (output available with varying load for the duration of the interruption of the normal source power) 723 at 1500 rpm 803 at 1800 rpm Power consumed by radiator fan (hp) 17 at 1500 rpm 30 at 1800 rpm BMEP at rated output @ 1500 rpm (kgf/cm2) – Prime continuous rating 19.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.co. after cooled 128 X 142 600 – 670 kva 1500 rpm – 1800 rpm Dry engine weight (in kg) with flywheel and SAE 1 flywheel housing 1.

Fire fighting systems Application Areas Power plants. Natural disaster Industry Sector Diesel power. Water supply and sewerage. Prime movers. Commercial. Exploration. contact : mediumengines@kirloskar. Construction and Earthmoving. Pumping systems.com/fyp/ 1. ground breaking.927 Compression ratio 15:1 Class of governing Class AO (with electronic governor) Fuel consumption @ 1500 rpm @ 75% load (litre/hr) Fuel consumption @ 1800 rpm @ 75% load (litre/hr) 112 Manufacturing Company : Kirloskar Oil Engines Ltd.389 1.co.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.final-yearprojects. Large community irrigation schemes. Excavation and mining.288 Swept volume (cc) 21.717 1. Electrical systems . Transport User Sub Sector Power generation. Extraction.http://www. For further details. Oil and Gas.com Additional product information : User application Sector Power.

Set output KW – 4690 KVA @ 0.com/fyp/ Product Category Engines 12PA6BSTC Model : 12PA6BSTC Specifications : Weight in kg with flywheel No. of cylinders RPM Engine output Hp – 6603 D.com Additional product information : User application Sector Marine power User Sub Sector shipbuilding Power generation. For further details.000 Maintenance and usage warranties : 2years subject to use of K-oil Service all – time response : 24 hours Manufacturing Company : Kirloskar Oil Engines Ltd. infrastructure.final-yearprojects.co.http://www. contact : largengines@kirloskar.8 pf – 5862 Hz – 50 12 1050 KW – 4860 31.G. Process industry .cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.

Fertilizers.G.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free. Chemicals. Set output KW – 4280 KVA @ 0. Pharmaceuticals. .8 pf .final-yearprojects. water transport Application Areas Product Category Marine propulsion.co.000 KW – 4435 51.http://www.000 1.5350 Hz – 50 12 1.55 Maintenance and usage warranties : 2 years subject to use of K-oil Service call – time response : 24 hours Manufacturing Company : Kirloskar Oil Engines Ltd.com/fyp/ Industry Sector Diesel power.000 12 1. auxiliary power on naval ships Marine Diesel powered gensets 12PA6B Model : 12PA6B Specifications : Weight in kg with flywheel Selling price (in million USD) No of cylinder RPM No of cylinder RPM Engine output Hp – 6026 D. Paper. Docks.

Chemicals.com/fyp/ For further details. contact : largengines@kirloskar.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free. Process industry. auxiliary power plants User Sub Sector shipbuilding Power generation.000 . Paper. Infrastructure. Fertilizers.co. Docks. Pharmaceuticals. auxiliary power on naval ships Power generation 16PA6BSTC Model : 16PA6BSTC Specifications : Weight in kg with flywheel No of cylinder RPM Engine output Hp – 8804 16 1050 KW – 6480 37. Water transport Application Areas Product category Marine Propulsion.final-yearprojects.http://www.com Additional product information : User application Sector Marine power. Industry Sector Diesel power.

G.final-yearprojects. Chemicals.co. Set output KW – 6253 KVA @ 0.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free. Paper. auxiliary power on naval ships Diesel engine powered gensets 16PA6B . Fertilizers. Industry Sector Diesel power. Process industry. contact : largengines@kirloskar.8 pf -7816 Hz – 50 Maintenance and usage warranties : 2 years subject to use of K-oil Service call – time response : 24 hours Manufacturing Company : Kirloskar Oil Engines Ltd. Docks. Pharmaceuticals. Water transport Application Areas Product category Marine Propulsion.com/fyp/ D.com Additional product information : User application Sector Marine power User Sub Sector shipbuilding Power generation. Infrastructure. For further details.http://www.

cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.co.final-yearprojects. Docks.000 Maintenance and usage warranties : 2 years subject to use of K-oil Service call – time response : 24 hours Manufacturing Company : Kirloskar Oil Engines Ltd. Water transport Application Areas Product category Marine Propulsion. Paper.http://www. contact : largengines@kirloskar. Process industry. For further details.com Additional product information : User application Sector Marine power User Sub Sector shipbuilding Power generation. Set output KW –5710 KVA @ 0. Infrastructure. Chemicals. Pharmaceuticals.8 pf -7137 Hz – 50 16 1000 KW – 5917 65.com/fyp/ Model : 16PA6B Specifications : Weight in kg with flywheel No of cylinder RPM Engine output Hp – 8040 D. Industry Sector Diesel power.G. Fertilizers. auxiliary power on naval ships Diesel engine powered gensets .

com Additional product information : User application Sector Marine power. Infrastructure.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.000 1.8 pf .55 Maintenance and usage warranties : 2 years subject to use of K-oil Service call – time response : 24 hours Manufacturing Company : Kirloskar Oil Engines Ltd.G.http://www. Process industry.8037 Hz – 50 18 1000 KW – 6683 72. .com/fyp/ 18PA6B Model : 18PA6B Specifications : Weight in kg with flywheel Selling price (in million USD) No of cylinder RPM Engine output Hp – 9053 D. Set output KW – 6430 KVA @ 0. For further details. contact : largengines@kirloskar. auxiliary power plants User Sub Sector shipbuilding Power generation.final-yearprojects.co.

8 pf .com/fyp/ Industry Sector Diesel power. Chemicals. Paper. auxiliary power on naval ships Diesel engine powered gensets 20PA6BSTC Model : 20PA6BSTC Specifications : Weight in kg with flywheel No of cylinder RPM Engine output Hp – 8100 D.9770 Hz – 50 20 1050 KW – 11005 43. Pharmaceuticals. Water transport Application Areas Product category Marine Propulsion.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.http://www. Set output KW – 7816 KVA @ 0. Fertilizers.co.final-yearprojects. Docks.000 Maintenance and usage warranties : 2 years subject to use of K-oil Service call – time response : 24 hours .G.

com/fyp/ Manufacturing Company : Kirloskar Oil Engines Ltd. auxiliary power plants User Sub Sector shipbuilding Power generation. Chemicals.000 . Fertilizers.co.com Additional product information : User application Sector Marine power. Paper.http://www. contact : largengines@kirloskar.final-yearprojects. Pharmaceuticals. Water transport Application Areas Product category Marine Propulsion. Docks. For further details.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free. Process industry. auxiliary power on naval ships Diesel engine powered gensets 20PA6B Model : 20PA6B Specifications : Weight in kg with flywheel No of cylinder RPM 20 1000 78. Infrastructure. Industry Sector Diesel power.

For further details. Industry Sector Diesel power. Set output KW – 7140 KVA @ 0. auxiliary power on naval ships Diesel engine powered gensets 8K15TA Model : 8K15TA .com Additional product information : User application Sector Marine power. contact : largengines@kirloskar. Water transport Application Areas Product category Marine Propulsion. Chemicals.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.final-yearprojects.co.8 pf .G. Process industry. Docks. Fertilizers.8925 Hz – 50 KW – 7399 Maintenance and usage warranties : 2 years subject to use of K-oil Service call – time response : 24 hours Manufacturing Company : Kirloskar Oil Engines Ltd. Infrastructure.com/fyp/ Engine output Hp – 10053 D.http://www. auxiliary power plants User Sub Sector shipbuilding Power generation. Paper. Pharmaceuticals.

cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.final-yearprojects.http://www.389 1.co.com/fyp/ V-line turbocharged after cooled Specifications : No of cylinder Aspiration Bore X Stroke (mm X mm) Power range Speed range 8 Vee Turbocharged after cooled 128 X 142 400-445 KVA 1500rpm – 1800rpm Rated output as per ISO 3046/ BS 5514/IS 10002 (hp) -gross Prime Continuous Rating at 1500rpm 1800rpm (output available with varying load for the duration of the interruption of the normal source power) 495 at 1500rpm 474 at 1800rpm Dry engine weight (in kg) with flywheel and SAE 1 flywheel housing 950 Space envelope : Length (mm) Width (mm) Height (mm) 1.248 BMEP at rated output : @ 1500 rpm (kgf/cm2) .484 1.

Naturally aspirated.7 Power consumed by radiator fan (hp) 17 at 1500rpm 30 at 1800rpm Manufacturing Company : Kirloskar Oil Engines Ltd. Direct Injection.final-yearprojects. Totally enclosed. .1 74. Force Feed Lubrication to main and large end bearings and camshaft bush. Gravity feed fuel system with efficient paper element filter.http://www. Cold Starting.Prime continuous rating 20. Vertical.com/fyp/ .618 15:1 Class AO (with electronic governor) 1500 rpm @ 75% load (litre/hr) Fuel consumption @ 1800 rpm @ 75% load (litre/ hr) 65. 4 stroke cycle.co. TAF2 Model : TAF2 Air – cooled (Radial cooled).cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.3 Swept volume (cc) Compression ratio Class of governing Fuel consumption @ 14.

Fuel Tank Capacity 11.final-yearprojects.20 lit Power Take – off Flywheel end.5 x 110 mm Cubic Capacity Compression Ratio 17.5 : 1 Rated Output as per BS5514 / ISO 3046 / IS 10001 10.6 hours engine running at rated output.50 kw (15. Starting Hand start with cranking handle.http://www.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.com/fyp/ Specifications : No.co.8 kw (12.2 hp) at 1800 rpm 11. Lub Oil Sump Capacity 7.0 hp) at 1500 rpm 0. Optional – Gear end half speed drive or full speed drive.45 kw (14. Maintenance and usage warranties : Against manufacturing defects for 12 months from the date of installation or 18 months from the date of shipment whichever is . of Cylinders Bore x Stroke Cubic Capacity Two 87. Engine Weight (dry) w/o flywheel 233 kg Weight of flywheel Standard – 33kg Genset – 64 kg Rotation while looking at the flywheel Clockwise.8% of SFC max.6 hp) at 2000 rpm SFC at rated hp / 1500 rpm Lub Oil Consumption 251 g/kWh (185g / bhp-hr) 8. Optional – Anticlockwise.5 lit Fuel Tank re-filling time period Every 4.

Harvesting. Specifications : No. Farm irrigation. Construction and Earthmoving.final-yearprojects. Food processing Industry Sector Diesel power. Agricultural implements. Infrastructure. contact : smallengines@kirloskar. Service call – time response : Maximum 48 hours in India Manufacturing Company : Kirloskar Oil Engines Ltd. Industry User Sub Sector Power generation. Cold Starting. Direct Injection.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free. For further details. Naturally aspirated. Aquaculture Application Areas Prime movers. Vertical. Prime Mover.com/fyp/ earlier limiting to replacement of defective parts for other than electrical components. Large community irrigation schemes.co. 4 stroke cycle.http://www. Agriculture. Force Feed Lubrication to main and large end bearings and camshaft bush. Totally enclosed. Fluid handling TA2 Model : TA2 Air – cooled (Radial cooled). Construction Equipments. Flood irrigation.com Additional product information : User Application Sector Power. Gravity feed fuel system with efficient paper element filter. Pumping systems.5 x 110 mm . of Cylinders Bore x Stroke Two 87.

Fuel Tank Capacity 7.8 kw (12.20 lit Power Take – off Flywheel end. Engine Weight (dry) w/o flywheel Weight of flywheel Standard – 33kg Genset – 64 kg (4.52 kw (14.http://www.8 kw (13.com/fyp/ Cubic Capacity 1.0 hp) at 1500 9.co.5% governing) Rotation while looking at the flywheel Clockwise or Anticlockwise Lub Oil Sump Capacity 7.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.5 : 1 Rated Output as per rpm BS5514 / ISO 3046 / IS 10001 8.6 hours engine running at rated output.3 hp) at 1800 rpm 10.final-yearprojects.4 hours engine running at rated output Maintenance and usage warranties : Against manufacturing defects for 12 months from the date of installation or 18 months from the date of shipment whichever is earlier limiting to replacement of defective parts for other than electrical components. CHAPTER – 5 ANALYSIS & INTERPRETATION .324 lit Compression Ratio 17.20 lit Fuel Tank re-filling time period Every 4.8% of SFC max. 217 kg Fuel Tank re-filling time period Every 4.3 hp) at 2000 rpm SFC at rated hp / 1500 rpm Lub Oil Consumption 265 g/kWh (195g / bhp-hr) 0.

Hence it shows a good response from the respondents.com/fyp/ Table no.final-yearprojects. 1 Table showing the key customers of diesel engines :- BRANDS Kirloskar RESPONDENTS IN (%) 75 Lambardhini 18 Vidhata 5 Alloys India 4 Others Total 100 3 Source : Field Survey The above table shows the distribution of respondents on the basis of brands.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.co. . Totally there are 100% respondents from which (75%) are Kirloskar respondents.http://www.

Graph no. .final-yearprojects.http://www.com/fyp/ Therefore. 1 Graph showing the distribution of respondents on the basis of brands :- Table no.co. Totally there are 1000% respondents from which pulper use if of higher importance.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free. the majority of the Kirloskar respondents are using diesel engines. 2 Table showing the purpose of use for the respondents :- PURPOSE OF USE Pulper Washing Spray 15 Others Total 100 5 60 20 RESPONDENTS Source: Field Survery The above table shows the purpose of use for the respondents.

co. 3 Table showing the knowledge of Kirloskar Engines with its customers: KNOWLEDGE Advertisement Friends & Relative 3 RESPONDENTS 60 Observation 15 Company Image Publicity 10 Others 4 8 Total 100 .http://www. Graph no.com/fyp/ Therefore.final-yearprojects.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.2 Graph Showing The Purpose Of Users:- Table no. the majority of the respondents are pulper users.

Graph no.co.http://www.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.final-yearprojects. Totally there are 100(%) respondents from which 60% of them voted for advertisement.com/fyp/ Source : Field Survey The above table shows the knowledge of respondents. 3 Graph Showing the Qualification of Respondents :- Table no. Therefore. the majority of the respondents knew Kirloskar through ad campaign. 4 Table Showing the Facilities Expected by the Customers from Kirloskar Dealers :- FACILITIES RESPONDENTS After Sales Service 75 Periodic Cheking 5 .

Graph no.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free. 5 Table Showing the Consumer Satisfaction OPINION RESPONDENTS .co. Totally there are 100% respondents from which after sales is being expected more from the co.final-yearprojects.com/fyp/ Warranty Capacity 18 2 Total 100 Source: Field Survery The above table shows the facilities expected by the customers.http://www. 4 Graph Showing the Facilities Expected by the respondents:- Table no.

Totally there are 100% respondents of which satisfied consumers are in a good %.com/fyp/ Yes No Total 80 20 100 Source: Field Survery The above table shows the opinion of the of respondents.final-yearprojects. Therefore.co.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.http://www. Graph no. 5 Graph Showing the Annual Income of respondents:- . the majority of the respondents are satisfied.

final-yearprojects.http://www. 6 .co.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.com/fyp/ Table no. 6 Table Showing the respondents opinion on price:- OPINION RESPONDENTS High Reasonable Low Total 75 15 10 100 Source: Field Survery The above table it is clear that 75% of the respondents are responding more on price. Graph no.

co. 20% of them are having low respondents are having Diesel engines. HAVING RESPONDENTS High Reasonable Low Total 50% 30% 20% 100% The above table shows the your opinion about the price if Kirloskar of respondents having Diesel Engines in which.final-yearprojects. .com/fyp/ Graph Showing the opinion on price :- Table no. 50% of them are having High.http://www. 7 Table Showing the your opinion about the Price if Kirloskar of respondents having Diesel Engines. 30% of them are having reasonable.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.

8 Table Showing the your opinion about your Kirloskar Diesel Engines with represent of the following respondents are having HAVING RPM 15% RESPONDENTS Mileage Durability Price 25% Maintenance Capacity 15% 15% 10% 8% 5% Conveniences & Safety Performance 7% Total 100% The above table shows your opinion about your Kirloskar Diesel engines with represent of the following respondents are having in which. 15% of them are having RP. 25% of .com/fyp/ Graph no.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.co. 7 Graph Showing the % of respondents opinion about the price of the Kirloskar Diesel Engine :- Table no.http://www. 15% of them are having durability.final-yearprojects. 15% of them are having Mileage.

final-yearprojects. 8 Graph showing the % of respondents opinion about the represent of the Kirloskar Diesel Engine :- CHAPTER – 6 SUGGESTION AND CONCLUSION CONCLUSIONS: Awareness of KRILOSKAR is existing in Chikmagalur and the respondents are satisfied with KIRLOSKAR. They liked the bike Comfort ability. So we can saythis product has good brand image in the market Few of the respondents are using obther brands but out of all the brands. most of the respondents. KIRLOSKAR has market share in Chikmagalur. More than % of respondents are aware of KIRLOSKAR advertisement are positively in influence by it. .co. This shows the marketing strategy of is very efficient.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free. Most of the respondents have ride KIRLOSKAR. Most of the respondents want to be with kirloskar they don’t want to switch over to any other band of engine.http://www. Graph no. ranked kirloskar as number I brand.com/fyp/ them are having price of % of them having maintenance. so we can say that the Hero Hond Glamour is good. 8% of them are having capacity. 5% of them are having conveniences & safety & 7% of them are having Performance.

Therefore in our research work. But the customer can suggest valuable suggestions to the company on for the product. The company can pull customers of other brands by using various business strategies. The respondents are saying that the price of the product is comparatively high should be reduced to reasonable rate. This sales promotional activities will definitely influence them to buy KIRLOSKAR. These suggestions are elaborated to know accurate and valuable. .co. This will inflate the sales further. still it is to be improved to become an excellent among the bikes. The future for KIRLOSKAR in Chikmagalur is good.final-yearprojects.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free. meaningful suggestions as below.com/fyp/ Because the KIRLOSKAR is better than any other bike in the market. SUGGESTIONS Introduction: All the customers’ needs and wants cannot be satisfied by a product. Price: Price is one of the important factors which influence the customer to buy. another factor of the product will not be a acceptable one by the customer. If the product satisfies one want. A customer may not be in a position to find the solution for this. So more suggestion were expected on and received on the factor price. we collected some valuable suggestion from the respondents as they are in better position to assess the strength and weakness of a product. so that medium and low income group can also afford go buy Quality with respect to comfort: Even though the quality of the Hero Honda Glamour is good.http://www.

e.com/fyp/ System of Delivery: Some of the respondents are giving importance on system of delivery. etc. . the advertisement on T. today.http://www. this should be increased.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free. is more but on the other hand advertisement in News Paper and Magazines. hoardings. is very low. since it is an automobile the ad campaign should be glamorously eye catching.. They are trying to say that the system of delivery should be changed. Some valuable suggestions were sought in respect of advertisement they are: i) Ad campaign is so dull. i.final-yearprojects. ii) Advertisement should be given iii) The advertisements should be on all the type of media of advertisement. CHAPTER – 7 ANNEXURE • Questionnaire • Bibliography QUESTIONNAIRE Dear Sir / Madam.V.co. Advertisement campaign: A company should give more importance on its advertisement campaign with a view to increase the market share.

if you could spare a couple of minutes to fill this questionnaire. 25-30 years ( ) d. of Final year.B. ……………..com/fyp/ I.. I shall be grateful to you.College of Management Science. Name : _____________________________ 2.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free. 30-35 years ( ) b. Chickmagalur.http://www.. Business ( ) b. Upto SSLC( ) c. Employee ( ) c. Educational qualification a. …………………………………………………………………………. PUC ( ) d. Address : _____________________________ _____________________________ 3. Occupation a. Private Employee d. under the guidance of …………………………………………………. B. Govt. above 35 years ( ) 4. .M. Age Group a.co. Below 25 years ( ) c. 1. Any other ( ) (PS) b. ………………………. Graduation e. Post Graduation ( ) 5. Agriculture ( ) ( ) .final-yearprojects. Carrying out a project work entitled a research on “Market Research on Diesel Engines with Special reference to Kirloskar Diesel Engines” a study of consumer awareness.

Student ( ) f. Do you own a Diesel Engine ? a. Yes ( ) b. Year f Purchase: __________________________ 10. Rs.15000 d.10000 ( ) c.com/fyp/ e.5000 ( ) ( ) b. Monthly Income a. Lambardini d.co.10000.Rs.final-yearprojects. Observation ( ) ( ) b. You need diesel engine for? a. Pulper c. Advertisement c. Friends & Relatives ( ) d. If you have Kirloskar Engine. Any other (PS) 6. Mode of Payment : ________________________ 11.Rs.http://www. 15000 and above ( ) 7. Another ( ) ( ) (PS) b. No ( ) 8. Washing d. Another ( ) (PS) 12. Company Image ( ) . Kirloskar c.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free. Name the brand? a. Rs. Rs. Vidhata e. Spray ( ) ( ) b. Below Rs. how did you come to know? a.5000. If yes. Malloys India ( ) ( ) 9.

why ? …………………………………………………… 16. Warranty e. No ( ) If no. Which is your opinion about the price of Kirloskar Diesel Engines? a. Reasonable ( ) 17.s service of Kirloskar Diesel Engines? a.com/fyp/ e.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free. Are you satisfied with your dealer. Publicity ( ) f.co.final-yearprojects. Company Image ( ) 15. After Sales Service c. Yes ( ) b. low ( ) ( ) b. What s your opinion aboyt your Kirloskar Diesel Engines with represent of the following? Good Fair RPM Mileage Durability Bad . Are you satisfied with the advertisement of Kirloskar Diesel Engines? a. Periodic Checking ( ) d.http://www. Yes ( ) b. Any other (PS) ( ) ( ) b. Hgh c. What Facility do you expect from your Kirloskar Dealer? a. No ( ) 14. Any other (PS) 13.

Any Suggestion? _____________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________ . Another ( ) ( ) (PS) b. Do you find any superiority other Diesel Engines Compared to Kirloskar Diesel Engines? a. No ( ) 20. Vidhata e. yes in what respedct? a. Any comments ? _____________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________ 22. RPM d.com/fyp/ Price Maintenance Capacity Conveniences & Safety Performance 18.co. Kirloskar c. What would be your next alternative.http://www. Yes ( ) b.final-yearprojects.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free. Lambardini d. If. Malloys India ( ) ( ) 19. Price c. Other ( ) (PS) 21. Dealer Service ( ) ( ) b. a.

final-yearprojects.lambardinil.http://www.cc/ http://troubleshoot4free.co.com .krloskar.com www.com/fyp/ Date: Place : SIGNATURE Thanks for your kind cooperation BIBLIOGRAPHY www.

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