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http://www.arthropodsystems.com/AnalogComputer/AnalogComputer1...

Edited by Foxit Reader Copyright(C) by Foxit Software Company,2005-2006 For Evaluation Only.

Analog computer 1

Pot1

1k

Introduction Article Schematic Build Fine... But what does it do? Multiplication Division Squaring Square root Useful links

Pot2

Pot3

BR1

10k

1k

as LED driver

CE Tr; 555; 741 LM311

LED

Null Detector

Introduction

Analog computer is a type of computer that works with continuously changing variables, as opposed to digital computer that uses discrete values. Digital computers are almost always electronic or electromechanical devices, while analog types can use any continous variable: voltage, water flow, air pressure, length (slide rule) and other.

Finished analog computer. While first modern computers were analog electromechanical differential analyzers in the 1930s, soon thereafter they were faced with competition from electronic digital computers. By 1960s, pace of miniaturization of digital components meant that digital computers became less expensive than analog ones, while being able to produce exact answers, a must for many human endeavors. Analog computers continued in use for simulation of complex physical processes, but even here they were eventually superseded by simulations run on digital computers. Having said that, they were (and still are) excellent tools for simulation of real world. One gets much better understanding of certain phenomena by being able to directly change the variables and see the outcome immediately.

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R2 is used for second variable. so they fit snugly when forced onto them. Schematic I made a schematic based on the original article. it can be anything from 1 to 10 volts.2=0. and second one (R2) 25 kiloohms maximum. its output (wiper-ground voltage) will show only 0. After inserting the pots and securing them. Digital voltmeter will do just fine. Supply voltage is not critical.arthropodsystems. DC or AC. I had some issues with knobs that I have selected.2 (20%) of its maximum value. so I decided to replace them with wooden blocks (from 2x4) into which I have put some small nails for pointers. and R3 is the "result" potentiometer. knobs were put in place and plastic tie-wraps were put around the knobs to serve as scale pointers. This pushed me to make a copy along similar lines. We have effectively created a voltage multiplier. They were drilled with holes somewhat smaller than pot shafts. Build A quarter inch thick wooden tile was drilled for three potentiometer shafts. R3) have value of 250 Ohms maximum. Only components needed are three potentiometers.Analog computer 1 http://www. My pots one and three (R1.5*0. 2 of 5 07-Feb-11 5:04 PM .01 (10%) of supply voltage.. If R2 is now set to 0. If R1 pot is set to 0.. Potentiometer values are not critical. Article Recently I stumbled upon an article about very simple analog computer in a 1961 scanned Popular Electronics magazine. and voltmeter/ or galvanometer/ or headphones. R1 is pot used for setting the first variable.com/AnalogComputer/AnalogComputer1. battery or AC/DC adapter. this means that one half of the supply voltage shows between R1 pot wiper and ground.5 (50%) of its maximum value.

It does feel like a bit of cheating though :) Fine. Next move to 2/10ths of max. resistance position and mark this point with next long line and label 20.2005-2006 For Evaluation Only. Measure total maximum pot resistance (let's say 250 Ohms). 2 and result. Alternative method of calibration for third pot (that in hindsight appears to be somewhat more precise) is to set two multipliers R1 and R2. division. without making connections between the pots themselves. you need to calibrate the scales. Read multiplied result from scale three. Same process was repeated for other two pots. you can also mark 5/100. precision will suffer. After finishing calibration. for example 70 and 80. Round scales were traced out on cereal box cardboard and cut out. If you wish. and finds the square root of given number. Mark this point with longer line and label 10. They were glued to the wooden faceplate.. maximum result is now 10 000 000 000. but falls off rapidly towards the low end of the scale. Next. Suitable scaling can be used. Proceed until all tenths are marked. Edited by Foxit Reader Copyright(C) by Foxit Software Company. Connect your ohmeter between grounded pot terminal (pick one side tab) and pot wiper (central tab). To do this. connections were made according to article schematics. calculate their product on calculator. you will obtain better precision. and slowly increase resistance until you reach 1/10th of maximum pot resistance (in my case 25 Ohms). Multiplication Just set dials 1 and 2 to desired values for multiplication. If variables 1 and 2 are numbers very different in size. Average precision in optimal middle scale range is 2-3%.. except that labels for third pot had increments of 1000 and maximum value of 10000. Maximum result is 10000. Now turn dial 3 (result) until you can read exactly 0 volts on your voltmeter. squaring of numbers. and variables 1 and 2 have a maximum value of 100.com/AnalogComputer/AnalogComputer1.. But what does it do? Multiplication.arthropodsystems.Analog computer 1 http://www. Board backside. so if you add three zeros to variables 1. 25/100 spots. first mark minimum and maximum pot positions (for regular pots around 300 degrees are swept). 15/100. 3 of 5 07-Feb-11 5:04 PM .. and mark that result on third scale.

. Then read result from scale 1. Turn dial 3 until voltmeter reads zero.com/AnalogComputer/AnalogComputer1. and voltmeter reads zero (this takes some practice).in Popular Electronics magazine. Turn dial of scale 1 until voltmeter reads zero. Multiplication/Division.Analog computer 1 http://www. Read result from scale 3.arthropodsystems. Division Set number to be divided on scale 3. Now turn dials 1 and 2 until both are set on the same numbers. Squaring Set number to be squared on dial 1. Useful links An introduction to analog computer . Set number to divide with on scale 2. Square root Set number for which the square root is to be found on scale three. Number on scale 1 (or 2) is the square root of the number shown on scale 3. 1961 Analog computer .Wikipedia page Back to homepage 4 of 5 07-Feb-11 5:04 PM . Set that same number on scale 2..

com/AnalogComputer/AnalogComputer1. 5 of 5 07-Feb-11 5:04 PM .Analog computer 1 http://www...arthropodsystems.

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