Prashanthi Vahini

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Prashanthi Vahini

GLOSSARY Meanings of Sanskrit words used in discussing religious and philosophical topics, more particularly used in the writings of Sri Sathya Sai Baba, reproduced in this volume, are given in this glossary. While the English equivalents for the Sanskrit words have been given in the text with reference to the context, this glossary attempts to provide comprehensive meanings and detailed explanations of the more important Sanskrit words, for the benefit of lay readers who are interested in Hindu religion and philosophy. Aasana/Asana - Means both steadiness of the physical frame and inner joy that blooms in the heart. Adhishtaana - Foundation. Aham - I am, I, the knower. Ahamkaara - Egotism resulting from the identification of one’s self with the body. It causes the sense of “I do” and “I experience.” Ahimsa - Nonviolence. Aikya - Oneness with God Ajnana/Ajnaana - Ignorance (which prevents perception of the Reality). Akasa/Aakaasa - Space; ether; the subtlest form of matter. Akhandaikarasa - The Unbroken Uniflow of Sweet-ness.

Amma - Mother. Amritha - Divine nectar; immortality-granting nectar. Ananda - Divine bliss. The Self is unalloyed, eternal bliss. Pleasures are but its faint and impermanent shadows. Anga - Body, limbs. Anritha - Invalid. Anthakarana - Mind, intelligence and ego together. One’s own inner equipment, inner consciousness. The internal indriyas (sense faculties). This is what moves from one world to another, from one birth to another, according to the accumulated merit. Aparigraha - Non-acceptance. Aparoksha - Direct Knowledge. Ashtanga - Eightfold discipline or Eightfold Yoga - Yama, Niyama, Aasana, Praanaayaama, Prathyaahaara, Dhaarana, Dhyaana, and Samaadhi. Astheya - Non-stealing. Asthika - One who believes in God, scriptures and the Guru. Asthikam - Age of Belief. Asuric - Demonic. Atma Swarupa, Atma Swarupam, Aathma-svaruupam - Self-embodied; of the nature of Self. The real man in us is the Self which is pure consciousness.

Cleansing of the Inner Man. the seen or visible. feeling. Atmajnana . essential nature of a being or thing.” Bhaava . It holds together the entire Universe.Surrender to the Lord.Congregational group chanting. ever in perfect equilibrium.Meditation.” Dhaarana .Concentration.Righteousness. duty.Individual peace.Ultra-consciousness. Brahmacharya .Grace. intense selfless love for God.Cowherds. cleaning of the mind so the truth can be clearly reflected therein. Chithsakthi . Chitta . Chittasuddhi . It steadies and stills the mind and makes it fit for realisation in the course of time.The will to feel. Bhaktha . The principle of intelligence. worship by devotees with devotional music in which repetition of holy names predominates. the Atma so full of the spring of sweetness and bliss. an unbroken flow of thought towards the object of concentration. Buddhi .“The Crest-Jewel of Fools.Mental attitude. consciousness. Dharma .Self-Knowledge.Principle of Godhead. A devotee who has intense selfless love for God. Bhakthi Marga .The objective world.ignorance Avivekasikhamani . Undeviating attitude of the mind. unconscious of the world outside. Chaithanya .Qualities.Prashanthi Vahini 91 92 Prashanthi Vahini Atmadroha . Ichchasakthi . Atmarama . Dhyaana .The Rama that confers eternal joy.“The Body is the Temple. Drisya . code of duties. Eswarapranidhaana . God is naturally interested in the reign of Dharma. The Vedas contain the roots of Dharma.The path that leads to Brahma-jnana. internal mental consciousness or intelligence. celibacy. Gopis . Gunas . religion. life consciousness.The heart.Devotion to God. The sublimation of the consciousness.Ochre. Bhakthi . Man is exhorted to practice Dharma to achieve material and spiritual welfare. the Lord within. .Intellect.Going against the dictates of the soul. Deho Devalayam .Consciousness.Path of devotion. without joy or sorrow. clarity. Atmasanthi . Avidya . Bhajana .The Bliss of Realisation of the Self. Gerua . Chinmaya-thathwa . the divine nature. Atmananda . The active entity in nature.

” Manana/mananam . birth and death. conceals the divinity within man. Jiva/Jivaathma . (iii) Ahamkaara. Kirthana . bound spirit unaware of its own true nature. It is the selfdeluded. creation.Prashanthi Vahini 93 94 Prashanthi Vahini Jada . practiced as a spiritual discipline. The moving. world of change. with all its desires and their broods. (‘I’ sense) and (iv) Chiththa (memory).Concentrated contemplation of the glory of God. transitory.The feeling “I am the enjoyer. the inner organ which has four aspects: (i) Manas (Mind) which deliberates. desires and feels. the totality of innate tendencies formed as a consequence of acts done in previous lives. Karma . Krodha .Path of action. Kama . changing.The individual soul in a state of nonrealisation of its identity with Brahman.Calling to mind what has been heard. religious rite. Maya . Japa/Japam . Repetition of a particular karma produces a tendency (vasana) in the mind. Kumbhaka . as the Soul of the souls.Minister. Karma Marga . inactive. Purification of the mind is essential for realisation of the Self. Jnana Marga .World peace. unconscious. Akarma is action that is done without any intention to gain the consequences. Manthri . Manas .Path of knowledge.The battle which climaxed the Mahabhaaratha story. Jnanam .Retention of breath. Jagath .Desire. fearless and immortal. Jnana . (ii) Buddhi. the universe. Vikarma is action that is intentionally done. stilled. all that is limited by time. The Mind. untrue world.The mysterious.Anger. space and objectivity.Highest wisdom. work.Mind. Jnanam makes a man omniscient. Material that is apparently different from Brahman. pursued as a means to Self-realisation. Every karma produces a lasting impression on the mind of the doer. Mamakaara . knowledge of the spirit. It is direct experience of God. Lifeless. anything that is not sath and chith. to be experienced in future lives. deed.Action.Inert matter.Sacred knowledge.Pious repetition of a holy name or sacred manthra. Lokasanthi . Karma is of three kinds: (i) Prarabdha: which is being exhausted in the present life: (ii) Aagami. (intellect) that understands. creative and delusive power of Brahman through which God projects the appearance . free. reasons and decides.This passing show. Kurukshetra . etc. which is stored. and (iii) Samchitha. creation. It is subjected to sensations of pain and pleasure. which is being accumulated in the present life. apart from affecting others.

Inward Path. Nirvikalpa . purity. peace and bliss. Parabrahma . also known as Maya Avidya and Shakti. Maya deludes the jivas in egoism. Nirvikalpa-mounam . Prakriti has three dispositions or gunas (sathwa.Renunciation of the desire for the enjoyment of the fruits of one’s action is also essential. the other three being. Prakanthi .Vital breath. Poornaka . attained through Self-realisation.Eternally established in the divine.Mixture of truth and falsehood. the world of matter and mind as opposed to the Spirit. Niyama .Absolute Principle.Supreme bliss. Mounam . being always full of joy.Person who has achieved Niyama. Parokshajnanam .Eternally established in the divine. Phalabhogaviraga . It is a state of absolute freedom. Prakriti .The universal absolute. making them forget their true spiritual nature. the getting beyond the influence of all the senses and getting established always in the consciousness of one’s own Reality.Silence. nature and behavior. under all conditions.Liberation from all kinds of bondage. immortality. Nirvikalpa Samaadhi . Nivrittimarga .Discipline. the Divine Power of Becoming.Agitationless. Para Thathwa . This is the supreme goal of human endeavor. Brahman and Maya are inextricably associated with each other like fire and its power to heat. especially the one to the cycle of birth and death. The condition of steady prema in the God-head. Niyamastha .Indirect Knowledge. Moksha/Mukthi . . control of the outer senses. at all times. Mithya . dharma (righteousness).Path of detachment. Nirvishaya. artha (wealth and power) and kama (sense-pleasure). rajas and thamas) that go into the makeup of all living and non-living beings in the Universe. Pranas . It is thus the third step on the Path of Knowledge (Jnana-Yoga). Nididhyasana . Paripoorna .Inhaling breath.Evil.Glory of Spiritual Effulgence. Paramananda .Concentration on the truth about the Self after hearing it (sravana) from the guru and reflecting on it (manana).Prashanthi Vahini 95 96 Prashanthi Vahini of the Universe. . in varying proportions leading to the appearance of infinite multiplicity in form. engaged in tapas or japa.Nature. it means. Maya is the material cause and Brahman is the efficient cause of the Universe. Papa .Complete.Objectless.

Undisturbed inner peace.Path of attachment. virtuous. shape. Sama . passionate. greed. that which suffers no change.Goal of life.Ecstatic love of God. Sadgunas . One who is practicing the disciplines of conquering his egoism and greed. God himself. Santhosha .Joy and victory.Prashanthi Vahini 97 98 Prashanthi Vahini Pranayama . good men. Prasanthi . undisturbed peace of mind. mental conclusion. Sadhaka . Sanchitha .Meritorious deeds. equanimity. wise aspirants. Pravritthimaarga . taste. Sadhana . that which persists in the past. equipoise. longing. Sadhus .Inherited karma. The ultimate vision.The fundamental directive force of all the senses. flow of time. (divine love of the most intense kind). Rasa . resolve. hatred.Passion or attachment. the sense of “I” and “mine.An aspirant for spiritual progress. Immortal existence.Accumulated karma. . Santi/Shanti . Santha-Bhakthi . Samsaara .Form.Worldly life. Prathyaharam . existence.Spiritual discipline or effort aimed at God realisation. Rajasik behavior is anger. The sadhaka (aspirant) uses the spiritual discipline to attain the goal of realisation. Priyam Vada . Sadguru .” A person in the process of overcoming the bonds of the elements by detachment.The red quality: active.Happiness.Truth. sweetness. etc. Sarvamangala . Prarabdha . grace.Peace. Saakshaathkaara .Method in the practice of pranayama for obtaining control of the five vital airs. Liberation means getting freed from this cycle. one by one. Prema . God’s wish.Means usually the control and regulation of the inhaling and exhaling of the breath. the perfect equanimity of realisation.Detached. plan of action. good qualities. unaffected by time. Raga . reality.Control of senses. vision of equality. The active and potent aspect of the primal energy. desire. devoted. Rechaka . Rupa/rupam . present and future.Intention. Sath . non-attachment. life of the jiva through repeated births and deaths. attraction.“Speak pleasantly.The true teacher. Divine will.Virtues. Samaadhi Samarasa . joy.Equanimity. Sankalpas .” Punya .Devotion expressed through peace.Flavor. Rajasic/Rajasika .

Sathwic/Sathwica . Thamasic/Thamasika . The “white” quality. The highest bliss. detachment. Thailadharavath .Deep sleep. It leads to knowledge. It is the quality of dullness. Craves objective pleasures through attachment of the senses. the “black” quality. the same in the waking. Thamas .Splendor. Thaapathraya . Sathya . of God-minded persons. good and pious.Dull gunas or attributes. Sathsanga . Sushupthi . It results in ignorance. Subha .Subtle.Happiness. conduct and behavior are untinged by passion or emotions like hate or pride. Sookshma . It is the quality of purity. capability.Gross. from one vessel to another.Prashanthi Vahini 99 100 Prashanthi Vahini Sath-chith-ananda . peace and harmony. darkness and tendency to evil. the threefold troubles referring to the past. existence. present and future.Fow of oil.Being-awareness-bliss. the strength needed for acquiring unshakable joy. Tapas . Bliss derived through the form aspect of God. Shakti/shakthi .Purity. inertia. Sraddha .Threefold Affliction. Swarupa . present and future. truth that is not modified by time or space or gunas.Company of the good.Steady comfortable posture.Faith. and rajas by sathwa and finally to go beyond sathwa itself to attain liberation. Sathyam is that which is the same in the past. physical health and mental alertness.Listening to discourses. of the godly. Austerity. unagitated.The good.Pure. of the wise. The goddess who energizes the universe.Samaadhi with ideation. unruffled. The company of those possessed of fear of sin and God. Sravanam . the omnipresent universal consciousness. Tejas . Sthirasukham-aasanam . Man is exhorted to overcome thamas by rajas. the mother of the universe. ability. One’s talk.Truth. brightness. unaffected. Sathwa . bliss. Soucha . dreaming and deep sleep stages.Power. the sacrifice and asceticism that wins God’s grace. . inert.Study. Swadhyaya . divine energy.Disciplined spiritual practice to control and coordinate the functions of the body. knowledge. calm. Savikalpa Samaadhi .One of the three gunas (qualities and dispositions) of Maya or Prakriti.One of the gunas (qualities and dispositions) of Maya or Prakriti. Soukhya .Reality. Sthoola .

Thathwa . Udaaseenatha .A Vedic rite or sacrifice. Vichakshana . ignorance. Uparathi . Yama . Yama includes ahimsa (Non-violence).Threefold nature.Detachment. is himself. discrimination. Udaaseenabhava/Udaaseen-abhava .Principle. Vasanas . the condition of the person who has grasped the Truth.Withdrawal of the senses from the objective World.Giving up attachment to the body and the senses. and all the evils that arise from these.Word.Agitation or activity. the right decision. Yoga Marga . Vikalpa .Path of yoga. desire and ability to give up all transitory enjoyments. Vyashti .Desires. everything that is.Attitude of unaffectedness. Any self-denying act of service in the name of God. Thamo Guna cannot grasp the reality. .Particular. analysis. Yajna . Thriputi . A sign of Thamo Guna is the giving up of action since you cannot benefit from the fruit. tendencies.The stage of Disinterestedness.Prashanthi Vahini 101 102 Prashanthi Vahini Thamo Guna . another. Vairagya . There will never more be. Vak . the reasoning by which one realizes what is real and permanent and what is non-real and impermanent. The attitude of unaffectedness. Yaga . Viveka .Dullness.Keeness of intellect. the urge to ennoble your actions.Discrimination.Spiritual sacrifice.

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