MNS3103: METEOROLOGI PELAUT
NORTHEAST MONSOON Question: Explain the weather phenomenon experienced in Terengganu during the final quarter of each year.
Terengganu is like other states in Malaysia which commonly quite hot and humid all
year round, the average daytime temperature is around 28ºC to 30ºC and some small decrease in temperate occurs after the sunset. Nonetheless, the interesting and yet disastrous weather phenomenon to be discussed in this assignment is monsoon that happens during the final quarter of each year which is from November to March particularly. During that time, Terengganu receives heavy downpour caused by the northeast monsoon. The catastrophe effects of this north-east monsoon is that it results to flooding in some low-ground area not just in Terengganu but the other east coast states in Malaysia are infected as well. This problem leads to many resorts being closed, people are inadvisable to visit any of the offshore islands and it is very dangerous for traditional fisherman to go fishing in the sea as sea can be very rough and unpredictable.
Figure 1: The December 2004 Peninsular Malaysia precipitation map showing the heavy precipitation on east cost where northeast monsoon happens there.
The principal differences of climate within Malaysia are characterized by two monsoon
regimes, namely, the Southwest Monsoon from late May to September, and the Northeast Monsoon from November to March. Our highlight for this discussion is the
the hot air expands and rises upwards. Indonesia before converging towards Indochina. The northeast monsoon can be considered as the major rainy season in the country which often caused several vast floods along the coast state.MNS3103: METEOROLOGI PELAUT
NORTHEAST MONSOON Northeast Monsoon that brings heavy rainfall to the east coast states of Peninsular Malaysia. Cold air flows out of Siberia as northwesterlies and turns into northeasterlies on reaching the coastal waters of China before heading towards Southeast Asia. powerful solar heating leads to blazing hot temperatures over the Asian landmass. China and Northwest Pacific. They are entirely reverse of summer monsoons as the lands are cooler than the oceans. Now the question is that. she explained that. He further explained that from time to time. when the sun rays are more prevailing at the southern hemisphere.1 What causes The Northeast Monsoon?
Monsoon is caused by land-sea temperature differences due to heating by the sun's radiation. This cold air entraps the moisture when they pass over the tropical waters and releases the moisture over northern Southeast Asia. Malaysia. They are also known as northeast monsoons.
. western Sarawak and particularly in Terengganu. how the Northeast Monsoon weather system developed?
2. As temperature drops. strong outbursts of cold air (termed as monsoon surges) interact with low pressure atmospheric systems and cyclonic vortices are formed near the equator resulting in strong winds and high seas in the South China Sea and heavy rainfall to east coast states of Peninsular Malaysia as well as the west coast of Sarawak in East Malaysia In summer. 2006 on his article stated that in winter. the continental landmass cools quickly resulting in very low temperatures over central Asia. atmospheric pressure rises and an intense high pressure system (anticyclone) develops over Siberia. According to Matt Rosenberg. By referring to an article entitled what causes monsoons written by Kinaka Kara.
forming a towering rain cloud. We can recognize a thunderstorm by the sound of its thunder. By referring to Rozanna Latiff on his article Rough Sea keeps Terengganu fishermen on land stated that only a small number of the estimated 100 boats in the district had gone out to sea during monsoon season. The most favorable areas for flood to takes place are Kemaman. sometimes. They are not going out (to sea) because it is not worthwhile. eventually. the rain showers. and in the state of Sarawak in East Malaysia.
2. the moisture in the air (water vapor) condenses. Many fishermen in Terengganu. and Dungun. wind. Monsoon weather systems which develop in conjunction with cold air outbreaks from Siberia produce heavy rains which often cause severe floods along the east coast states of Kelantan. Thunderstorms form when warm. It is not just that sometimes the heavy rain also comes with thunderstorms. Terengganu. particularly in the Marang district. The rising air cools and. have not been going out to fish due to the rough sea and bad weather. moist air near the ground rises to great heights. Fortunately. and.MNS3103: METEOROLOGI PELAUT
2. Pahang and East Johor in Peninsular Malaysia. According to Malaysian Meterorology department report the expected maximum monthly rainfall Northeast Monsoon.2 Characteristics of monsoon
The northeast monsoon is the major rainy season in the country. they have the RM200 monthly allowance from the government. hail during the Monsoon season. Marang Fishermen's Association Chairman Zahan Mamat explained that fish landing in Marang during the monsoon season usually dropped about 50 per cent and the district would have to depend on fish from Perlis and Kedah to for Terengganu is 600mm during the
. lightning.3 Effects of Northeast Monsoon in Terengganu
The Northeast monsoon produces heavy rains which often cause severe floods in Terengganu.
Beach erosion occurring along the coastline of Terengganu is caused solely by large waves of the northeast monsoon seasons. The study has been conducted by Mr. Thus the assumption that the monsoon waves are the sole cause of beach erosion can be applied to all eroding coastlines. These severe weather advisories and warnings are published in the newspapers and broadcasted over radio and television.uk/weather/world/country_guides/results. surprisingly east coast is always presented with clear blue sky and cooling wind.bbc.co. the early warning by the Malaysia meteorology department can help to curb the menace of the upcoming Northeast Monsoon so that people can be aware and able to prepare if the worse case scenario takes place. Furthermore. outlooks. the Northeast Monson happens across the east coast states of Malaysia can sometime become too extremely dangerous.0
Terengganu receives heavy rainfall when the north-east monsoon blows between
November and January. Some areas suffer flooding at this time of year. Still. The other showed accretion or negligible change.MNS3103: METEOROLOGI PELAUT
NORTHEAST MONSOON meet demand. This has explained that the weather downturn has decreased the productivity of the fish harvest during the Northeast Monsoon.
3.were eroded. However. Mohd Lokman Hussin and Madam Rosnan Yaakob (researcher from UPM) which monitored 9 beach profile stations before and after a Northeast Monsoon along a 25-km stretch of the Kuala Setiu coastline showed 8 of the 9 stations located on both sides of the Setiu estuary river mouth .shtml?tt=TT002590 retrieved on 13th January 2011
. The Malaysia Meteorological Department monitors closely the changing weather situation and issues weather statements. in some clear sunny days during the monsoon season.
4. Thus some precautionary steps shall be taken by the citizen to avoid any unwanted tragedy. advisories and warnings when the need arises.0
List of References
Climate guideline: Malaysia http://www.
my/index. research paper publication 2010. Saif(lrehan Bin Mat Aji./BlueArchipelagoBerhadES-Apr2009. Malaysia by Mohd Lokman Husain. Malaysia meteorology department. Rosnan Yaakob and Shahbudin Saad Fisheries and Marine Science Centre.doe.gov.12/2010)
Member report: ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee 41 Session 19 24 January 2009 Chiang Mai.buzzle.
What Causes Monsoons by Kanika Khara 2004 from http://www. Thailand gis. Rough Sea keeps Terengganu fishermen on land by BERNAMA on Sunday.000mm loom on 2010/11/16 By Rozanna Latiff and Satiman Jamin (news@nst. Ling Leong Kwok and Wan Azli Wan Hassan (JMM Research Publication No.
Beach Erosion Variabiltiy during a Northeast Monsoon: The Kuala Setiu Coastline.. 2008 Filed Under: Abou9t th Malaysia from http://travelmalaysiaguide.htm retrieved on 13th January 2011. Terengganu.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=69&Itemid=160
1.gov. Mazni Binti Azis & Suhaili Binti Mohd Zahari (JMM Research Publication No.com/od/physicalgeography/a/monsoon. January 16.com/articles/what-causesmonsoons. Nurhisham Bin Muhammad.html retrieved on 13th January 2011
. Universiti Putra Malaysia (1995)
The Problems of Traditional Fishermen in Peninsular Malaysia: Solutions without an End by Mohammad Raduan.Extreme Climate Change Scenarios over Malaysia for 2001 ± 2099 by Mohan Kumar Sammathuria.my) News straits times newspaper article. Malaysia meteorology department.my/eia2/.met. Mohammad Sharir & Zarina Aziz (2005)
The official portal Malaysian meteorological department retrieved on January 13th
http://www..htm retrieved on 13th January 2011.MNS3103: METEOROLOGI PELAUT
NORTHEAST MONSOON Malaysia Weather and Climate: posted by pktan (Jan 14th).com. 6/2010) 2.about. research paper publication 2010.com/tour_malaysia/weather. Fatimah Zaharah Binti Saleh. 2011. Terengganu on alert Floods expected as downpours of 1.Seasonal and Monthly Variations of Wet and Dry Spell Over East Coast of Peninsular Malaysia from the Year 2004 Until 2008 by Azemi Bin Daud.doc retrieved on January 13th 2011
Malaysia: climates and weather by Malaysia meteorological service from http://go2travelmalaysia.com/malaysia-weather-climate/ retrieved on 13 January 2011
Monsoon: Rains of the Summer in India and Southern Asia By Matt Rosenberg from
News Straits Times newspaper article.