AEISPublic Opinion Studies

Economic Insecurity Update: Americans’ Concerns about their Jobs, Personal Finances, Retirement, Health Costs, Housing, and More
Compiled by Karlyn Bowman, Resident Fellow, AEI and Andrew Rugg, Research Assistant (Updated August 2010)
In this AEI Public Opinion Study, we bring together existing trend questions from many pollsters about the subjects described in the title above to get a sense of how anxious or economically insecure Americans feel. We look here at what people say about their own lives and those of their friends and family, and not at what people say about ―most Americans‖ or ―Americans in general.‖ We give substantial weight to what people say about their own situations, which we feel they know best.

1

Table of Contents
Job Anxiety ....................................................................................................................................... 3 Job Security................................................................................................................................. 14 Outsourcing ................................................................................................................................. 16 Personal Financial Worries: ............................................................................................................ 16 Retirement Anxiety: ........................................................................................................................ 40 Health Cost Anxiety:....................................................................................................................... 46 Housing Anxiety: ............................................................................................................................ 53 Home Value ................................................................................................................................ 58 Comparative Anxiety: ..................................................................................................................... 60 Losing your job ........................................................................................................................... 65 Money Anxiety ........................................................................................................................... 70 Health Anxiety ............................................................................................................................ 74 Crime/Terrorism Anxiety............................................................................................................ 75

2

Job Anxiety Most polls show that negative views about the economy as a whole rose during the summer of 2010. When asked specifically about whether they or a family member had a lost a job in the past six months, however, polls have been stable all year. Around two-thirds say this hasn’t happened to them. At the same time, however, around two-thirds say they know someone other than a family member who has lost a job in the past six months. Again, these responses appear stable in 2010. Eighty-five percent told Pew surveyors that good jobs are hard to find in their area. That is the highest response on the question since various pollsters started asking it in 1992. Around three in ten in CBS’s June 2010 poll said they are very concerned that they or someone in their family could lose a job in the next year. In Gallup’s August 2010 poll, a quarter said they were worried that they would be laid off or separately that their wages would be cut in the near future. In the same Gallup series, 39 percent worried that their benefits would be cut back. Although as said earlier, views about the economy as a whole are more negative now in many polls than they were in the spring, job anxiety for those who have jobs seemed to be most acute in 2009. In 2010, for those who have jobs and who are weathering the storm, there is little indication that things are getting worse. In the August 2010 NBC/Wall Street Journal poll, 65 percent of those with jobs were very or somewhat satisfied with their job security. In Gallup’s August poll, 84 percent were completely or somewhat satisfied with it.

Thinking of the last six months, that is since ___ of last year, have you or someone in your family lost a job as a result of economic conditions or not? Yes, self 10% 8 7 8 5 8 9 9 7 8 6 8 7 6 Yes, family 25% 25 21 21 26 20 21 22 28 23 23 21 29 25 No 65% 62 70 65 65 70 66 66 63 67 69 69 61 67

Feb. 2009 Apr. 2009 May. 2009 Jul. 2009 Sept. 2009 Oct. 2009 Nov. 2009 Dec. 2009 Jan. 2010 Mar. 2010 Apr. 2010 May 2010 Jun. 2010 Aug. 2010

AP/Roper GfK AP/Roper GfK AP/Roper GfK AP/Roper GfK AP/Roper GfK AP/Roper GfK AP/Roper GfK AP/Roper GfK AP/Roper GfK AP/Roper GfK AP/Roper GfK AP/Roper GfK AP/Roper GfK AP/Roper GfK

And thinking of the last 6 months – that is, since February of this year – has someone you know personally lost a job as a result of economic conditions or not? Yes No Feb. 2009 Ap-Gfk/Roper 65% 35% Apr. 2009 Ap-Gfk/Roper 67 33 May 2009 Ap-Gfk/Roper 60 39 Jul. 2009 Ap-Gfk/Roper 64 34 Sept. 2009 Ap-Gfk/Roper 66 32 Oct. 2009 Ap-Gfk/Roper 65 34

3

Nov. 2009 Dec. 2009 Jan. 2010 Mar. 2010 Apr. 2010 May 2010 Jun. 2010 Aug. 2010

Ap-Gfk/Roper Ap-Gfk/Roper Ap-Gfk/Roper Ap-Gfk/Roper Ap-Gfk/Roper Ap-Gfk/Roper Ap-Gfk/Roper Ap-Gfk/Roper

66 69 71 64 64 63 70 65

34 30 29 35 36 36 29 35

How concerned are you that in the next 12 months you or someone else in your household might be out of work or looking for a job—very concerned, somewhat concerned, or not concerned at all? Very concerned 31% 33 28 30 22 20 21 22 29 28 24 21 23 35 33 30 44 38 30 44 32 36 40 36 30 20 31 36 32 31 Somewhat concerned 20% 25 27 26 24 18 25 27 27 26 25 23 28 26 26 32 28 26 30 26 26 28 29 26 28 37 26 26 25 29 Not concerned at all 48% 41 45 44 53 61 53 51 43 45 50 56 49 38 39 38 27 35 39 30 42 35 30 38 42 43 41 37 41 39

Oct. 2002 Apr. 2004 Jun. 2004 Sep. 2004 Oct. 2004 Jun. 2005 Dec. 2005 Jan. 2006 Feb. 2008 Mar.-Apr. 2008 Aug. 2008 Sep. 2008 Oct. 2008 Late Oct. 2008 Dec. 2008 Jan. 2009 Feb. 2009 Late Feb. 2009 Mar. 2009 Apr. 2009 Apr. 2009 June 2009 Jul. 2009 Jul. 2009 Sept. 2009 Dec. 2010 Feb. 2010 Mar. 2010 Jun. 2010 Jul. 2010

CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS CBS/NYT CBS CBS /NYT CBS CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/ CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/ CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT

Thinking now about job opportunities where you live, would you say there are plenty of jobs available in your community or are jobs difficult to find? Plenty of jobs available 12% 16 15 42 31 24 27 31 30 34 31 32 30 Jobs are difficult to find 79% 77 76 44 59 66 60 59 57 55 52 58 60

Jan. 1992 May 1992 Aug. 1992 Jun. 2001 Jun. 2002 Oct. 2003 Jan. 2004 Feb. 2004 Apr. 2004 Aug. 2004 Sep. 2004 Jan. 2005 May 2005

US News US News US News PSRA/Pew Research Center PSRA/Pew Research Center PSRA/Pew Research Center PSRA/Pew Research Center PSRA/Pew Research Center PSRA/Pew Research Center PSRA/Pew Research Center PSRA/Pew Research Center PSRA/Pew Research Center PSRA/Pew Research Center

4

Oct. 2005 Jan. 2006 Mar. 2006 Dec. 2006 Feb. 2007 Jun. 2007 Sep. 2007 Jan. 2008 Apr. 2008 Jul. 2008 Oct. 2008 Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 Sept-Oct. 2009 Mar. 2010

PSRA/Pew Research Center PSRA/Pew Research Center PSRA/Pew Research Center PSRA/Pew Research Center PSRA/Pew Research Center PSRA/Pew Research Center PSRA/Pew Research Center PSRA/Pew Research Center PSRA/Pew Research Center PSRA/Pew Research Center PSRA/Pew Research Center PSRA/Pew Research Center PSRA/Pew Research Center PSRA/Pew Research Center PSRA/Pew Research Center

36 33 37 40 39 39 36 34 30 31 25 19 11 14 10

56 56 56 49 48 49 50 53 61 58 64 73 80 79 85

And would you describe the financial situation in your own household these days as good, poor, or neither good nor poor? Good 61% 56 58 60 59 61 60 62 59 60 64 61 Poor 30% 37 37 35 34 34 37 33 38 33 30 36 Neither 8% 6 5 5 7 4 3 4 3 7 6 3

Sept. 2008 Jun. 2009 Sept. 2009 Oct.2009 Nov. 2009 Dec. 2009 Jan. 2010 Mar. 2010 Apr. 2010 May 2010 Jun. 2010 Aug. 2010

Ap-Gfk/Roper Ap-Gfk/Roper Ap-Gfk/Roper Ap-Gfk/Roper Ap-Gfk/Roper Ap-Gfk/Roper Ap-Gfk/Roper Ap-Gfk/Roper Ap-Gfk/Roper Ap-Gfk/Roper Ap-Gfk/Roper Ap-Gfk/Roper

Next, please indicate whether you are worried about each of the following happening to you, personally, in the near future. How about...? Gallup That you will be laid off Worried 20% 19 20 15 17 14 15 31 26 Not worried 80% 81 79 84 82 85 85 68 73

Aug. 1997 Aug. 2003 Aug. 2004 Aug. 2005 Aug. 2006 Aug. 2007 Aug. 2008 Aug. 2009 Aug. 2010

That your hours at work will be cut back Worried 15% 15 14 13 16 12 14 27 Not worried 85% 84 86 87 83 87 85 72

Aug. 1997 Aug. 2003 Aug. 2004 Aug. 2005 Aug. 2006 Aug. 2007 Aug. 2008 Aug. 2009

5

Aug. 2010

25

73

That your wages will be reduced Worried 17% 17 17 14 19 14 16 32 26 Not worried 83% 82 83 86 80 86 83 67 74

Aug. 1997 Aug. 2003 Aug. 2004 Aug. 2005 Aug. 2006 Aug. 2007 Aug. 2008 Aug. 2009 Aug. 2010

That your benefits will be reduced Worried 34% 31 28 28 30 29 27 46 39 Not worried 66% 67 69 69 67 68 70 52 58

Aug. 1997 Aug. 2003 Aug. 2004 Aug. 2005 Aug. 2006 Aug. 2007 Aug. 2008 Aug. 2009 Aug. 2010

That your company will move jobs to countries overseas Worried 9% 11 12 11 10 8 10 8 Not worried 89% 89 88 86 88 91 88 91

Aug. 2003 Aug. 2004 Aug. 2005 Aug. 2006 Aug. 2007 Aug. 2008 Aug. 2009 Aug. 2010

Note: Sample is employed adults, full or part-time. Over the past 12 months, has there been a time when you or someone in your household has been without a job and looking for work, or not? Yes 31% 28 35 39 42 54 No 69% 71 65 61 58 45

May 2005 Jan.-Feb. 2008. Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 Sept./Oct. 2009 Mar. 2010

PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew

If you were to lose your job, how likely is it that you would find a job just as good as the one you have now—very likely, somewhat likely, not very likely, or not at all likely? Very likely 35% 37 29 34 Somewhat likely 29% 33 31 30 Not too likely 24% 23 23 21 Not at all likely 11% 7 16 15

Feb. 2001 Apr. 2001 Apr. 2006 Apr. 2007

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup

6

Apr. 2010

Gallup

16

26

30

27

Note: Samples are employed adults. In the last few months have you or has anyone living in your household been laid off or lost their job? Yes 18% 18 23 27 30 No 82% 82 77 73 70

Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 April 2009 Sept. 2009* Nov. 2009

ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post

Note: *Wording was changed to ―In the last year…‖ In the last few months have you or has anyone living in your household had work hours or pay cut? Yes 27% 26 35 41 No 73% 73 65 59

Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 April 2009 Sept. 2009*

ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post

Note: *Wording was changed to ―In the last year…‖ Thinking beyond your own household, do you have any close friends or immediate family members who have been laid off or lost their job? Yes 60% No 40%

Feb. 2009

ABC/Wash Post

Thinking beyond your own household, do you have any close friends or immediate family members who have had work hours or pay cut? Yes 60% No 38%

Feb. 2009

ABC/Wash Post

How concerned are you that you or someone else in your household will be laid off or lose their job in the next few months – very concerned, somewhat concerned, not so concerned, or not concerned at all? Very concerned 23% 25 Somewhat concerned 24% 21 Not so concerned 21% 18 Not concerned at all 33% 36

Feb. 2009 Sept. 2009

ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post

How concerned are you that you or someone else in your household will have work hours or pay cut in the next few months – very concerned, somewhat concerned, not so concerned, or not concerned at all? Very concerned 26% 28 Somewhat concerned 27% 24 Not so concerned 16% 17 Not concerned at all 31% 30

Feb. 2009 Sept. 2009

ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post

Please tell me whether any of the following have been laid off or lost a job in the last six months? Jan.-Feb. 2009 Gallup Yes, lost a job 52% 36 19 No 47% 64 81

A more distant relative or friend A close friend or immediate family member such as parent, child, brother or sister. You or another person living in your household

7

For each of the following, please indicate whether it has happened to you in the last six months, whether you are worried it might happen to you in the near future, or if you are not worried about it happening to you in the foreseeable future. How about ______? Jan.-Feb. 2009 Gallup Happened to me in the last six months Having your hours at work cut back, including including being furloughed Having your benefits reduced Having your wages reduced Being laid off Your company moving jobs to countries overseas 12% 9 8 2 2 Worried about it happening 24% 31 24 29 8 Not worried 64% 59 68 68 88

Thinking about the next 12 months, how likely is it that you will lose your job or be laid off – very likely, fairly likely, not too likely or not at all likely? Very likely 3% 5 3 6 6 7 9 8 4 6 5 6 6 5 5 4 6 5 7 3 4 8 10 Fairly likely 10% 8 8 8 9 7 9 8 8 6 7 10 10 7 9 6 7 7 6 7 8 13 11 Not too likely 28% 22 18 24 24 28 28 26 35 24 22 25 25 27 34 26 27 36 25 32 31 40 30 Not at all likely 55% 63 66 60 60 54 49 55 53 62 65 59 59 60 52 63 60 52 62 57 57 38 48

Jan.-Feb. 1975 Apr. 1975 Nov. 1979 May 1980 Sep. 1980 Jun. 1982 Nov. 1982 Apr. 1983 Feb. 1989 Jul. 1990 Mar. 1991 Jul. 1991 Oct. 1991 Dec. 1993 Apr. 1996 Jun. 1997 Dec. 1998 Apr. 2001 Sep. 2001 Apr. 2006 Apr. 2007 Apr. 2010 Dec. 2008

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup ABC/WashPost

Note: Samples are employed adults. How concerned are you about losing your job? Very concerned 28% 11 22 Extremely concerned 14% 7 Somewhat concerned 14% 9 12 Very concerned 15% 13 Not very concerned 13% 17 19 Not very concerned 22% 26 Not concerned 35% 47 40 Not at all concerned 39% 41

Apr. 2003 May 2003 Jun. 2004

Fox/OD Fox/OD Fox/OD

Dec. 2008 Jan. 2009

Fox /OD Fox /OD

8

Now looking ahead at the next six months. How likely is it that you, someone in your family or someone else you know personally will lose their job in the next six months as a result of economic conditions?… Extremely likely, very likely, somewhat likely, not very likely, not at all likely Extremely likely 7% 7 7 7 6 7 8 8 8 9 9 8 8 9 9 8 8 7 7 8 8 7 7 7 7 8 6 8 8 6 6 7 6 8 6 6 9 7 6 7 6 8 7 7 7 8 8 8 7 6 9 6 7 4 6 7 Very likely 12% 13 12 11 11 13 11 11 12 13 13 14 14 13 13 13 13 12 15 13 13 12 12 11 12 12 13 13 10 11 12 9 10 11 12 13 10 12 13 12 12 11 12 10 11 13 11 11 12 11 13 10 8 10 12 10 Somewhat likely 30% 31 29 28 28 30 32 31 29 31 30 30 30 30 28 29 30 32 32 32 32 31 30 32 29 28 30 31 29 28 30 28 30 27 31 29 26 26 26 29 31 29 29 29 24 26 32 27 26 29 27 26 29 31 27 27 Not very likely 32% 32 33 34 35 31 31 31 29 30 30 31 30 28 29 31 32 31 29 30 28 30 30 32 33 31 31 29 31 34 33 33 37 31 32 32 34 31 33 30 31 34 32 31 35 31 32 33 33 33 30 34 33 33 31 33 Not at all likely 18% 16 18 18 19 18 17 18 20 16 15 14 16 17 17 17 15 17 15 16 17 18 19 17 17 20 19 18 21 20 18 23 16 22 18 19 20 22 21 21 18 17 18 21 22 21 15 20 21 20 20 23 22 20 23 21

Jan. 2002 Feb. 2002 Mar. 2002 Apr. 2002 May 2002 Jun. 2002 Jul. 2002 Aug. 2002 Sep. 2002 Oct. 2002 Nov. 2002 Dec. 2002 Jan. 2003 Feb. 2003 Mar. 2003 Apr. 2003 May 2003 Jun. 2003 Jul. 2003 Aug. 2003 Sep. 2003 Oct. 2003 Nov. 2003 Dec. 2003 Jan. 2004 Feb. 2004 Mar. 2004 May 2004 Jun. 2004 Jul. 2004 Aug. 2004 Sep. 2004 Oct. 2004 Nov. 2004 Jan. 2005 Feb. 2005 Mar. 2005 Apr. 2005 May 2005 Jun. 2005 Jul. 2005 Aug. 2005 Sep. 2005 Oct. 2005 Nov. 2005 Dec. 2005 Jan. 2006 Feb. 2006 Mar. 2006 Apr. 2006 May 2006 Jun. 2006 Jul. 2006 Aug. 2006 Sep. 2006 Nov. 2006

IPSOS-Reid IPSOS-Reid IPSOS-Reid/Cook IPSOS-Reid/Cook IPSOS-Reid/Cook IPSOS-Reid/Cook IPSOS-Reid/Cook IPSOS-Reid/Cook IPSOS-Reid/Cook IPSOS-Reid/Cook IPSOS-Reid/Cook IPSOS-Reid/Cook IPSOS-Reid IPSOS-Reid/Cook IPSOS-Reid/Cook IPSOS-Reid/Cook IPSOS-Reid/Cook IPSOS-Reid/Cook IPSOS-Reid/Cook IPSOS-Reid/Cook IPSOS-Reid/Cook IPSOS-Reid/Cook IPSOS-Reid/Cook IPSOS-Reid/Cook AP/Ipsos AP/Ipsos AP/Ipsos AP/Ipsos AP/Ipsos AP/Ipsos AP/Ipsos AP/Ipsos AP/Ipsos AP/Ipsos AP/Ipsos AP/Ipsos AP/Ipsos AP/Ipsos AP/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos

9

Dec. 2006 Jan. 2007 Feb. 2007 Mar. 2007 May 2007 Jun. 2007 Jul. 2007 Aug. 2007 Sep. 2007 Oct. 2007 Nov. 2007 Dec. 2007 Jan. 2008 Feb. 2008 Mar. 2008 Apr. 2008 May 2008 Jun. 2008 Jul. 2008 Sep.2008 Oct. 2008 Nov. 2008 Dec. 2008 Jan. 2009 Feb. 2009 Mar. 2009 Aug. 2009 Oct. 2009 Nov. 2009 Dec. 2009 Jan. 2010 Feb. 2010 Mar. 2010

RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBS/Ipsos RBS/Ipsos RBS/Ipsos

6 5 5 8 8 4 6 5 6 5 8 5 6 8 7 6 7 8 9 8 11 9 11 11 15 14 12 11 9 13 9 9 8

10 11 8 11 10 10 12 12 11 12 11 10 12 16 14 14 17 18 15 15 18 18 21 22 27 25 24 18 20 16 16 16 18

27 25 28 25 24 29 30 25 32 26 29 32 32 30 33 32 33 29 31 30 35 34 35 33 33 37 35 36 41 38 37 44 37

36 34 34 31 35 32 30 33 29 33 29 33 29 26 28 28 23 28 28 27 21 24 19 21 18 15 19 25 21 22 26 21 26

20 24 23 23 21 23 20 23 20 21 21 18 18 19 15 17 17 14 14 19 14 12 10 10 5 7 7 9 8 9 11 8 10

Do you, personally, know anyone who has been laid off or lost their job within the last six months, or not? Yes 63% 60 55 53 50 54 No 37% 40 45 46 50 46

Apr. 2003 Apr. 2004 Apr. 2005 Apr. 2006 Apr. 2007 Apr. 2008

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup

Do you know someone, personally, who has been laid off or fired recently, or not? Yes 50% 50 52 60 58 43 50 54 51 60 No 49% 46 47 40 42 57 50 46 49 40

Oct. 1990 Oct. 1991 Dec. 1993 Mar. 1994 Apr. 1996 Aug. 2001 Oct. 2001 Nov. 2001 Feb. 2002 Apr. 2003

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup

Do you, personally, know anyone who has been laid off or lost their job within the last three months? Yes 38% No 62%

Jan.-Feb. 2008

Gallup/USA Today

10

As far as you know, in the past six months, has your employer laid off any employees, or not? Yes 34% 26 27 30 No 64% 72 71 70

Aug. 2003 Aug. 2004 Aug. 2005 Aug. 2008

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup

As far as you know, in the past six months, has your employer laid off any employees, or not? Yes 26% No 71%

Jun.-Jul. 2006

PSRA/Pew

In the last twelve months, has any adult in your household been out of work and actively looking for a job? Yes 29% 29 25 No 71% 71 74

Aug. 2002 Sep. 2008 Oct. 2008

CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT

How confident are you that you can continue to work for your company for the next 12 months – extremely confident, very confident, somewhat confident, not too confident, or not at all confident? Extremely confident 47% 44 26 38 42 45 Very Somewhat Not too confident confident confident 32% 15% 3% 34 14 4 34 29 5 38 14 6 33 16 5 32 16 3 Not at all confident 2% 3 4 5 3 3

Apr. 2002 May 2002 Jun. 2002 Jul. 2002 Aug. 2002 May 2003

Gallup/UBS Gallup/UBS Gallup/UBS Gallup/UBS Gallup/UBS Gallup/UBS

Note: Samples are employed adults. How concerned are you that you or someone else in your household will lose their job in the next year? Are you very concerned, somewhat concerned, not very concerned, or not concerned at all? Very concerned 21% 26 27 27 20 25 25 22 26 21 Somewhat concerned 17% 17 22 21 19 20 21 19 18 18 Not very concerned 20% 17 19 22 22 24 21 31 22 20 Not at all concerned 40% 39 30 29 37 32 32 36 33 39

Dec. 1994* Jul. 1995* Mar. 1996 May 1996 Apr. 2003 May 2003 Jul. 2003 Aug. 2003 Sep. 2003 Jan. 2004

CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS CBS/NYT CBS CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS CBS/NYT CBS/NYT

Note: * Question wording, ―How much do you worry that you or someone else in your household will be laid off—a lot, some, only a little or not at all?‖ How concerned are you that you or someone else in your household will lose their job in the next year? Are you very concerned, somewhat concerned, not too concerned, or not concerned at all? Very concerned 24% Somewhat concerned 19% Not too concerned 19% Not concerned at all 34%

Apr. 2004

ABC/Wash Post

11

Please tell me whether you are worried or not worried about each of the following happening in the next 12 months… that you or your spouse will lose a job? Worried 20% 31 25 36 33 29 19 22 29 27 22 27 24 21 23 Not worried 79% 65 68 62 64 67 65 77 70 70 73 70 73 78 74

Oct. 1990^ Oct.-Nov. 1991 Dec. 1991 Jan. 1992 Jan.-Feb. 1992 Oct. 1992* Jan. 2001 Jul. 2001 Oct. 2001 Jul. 2002 Jul. 2002 Oct. 2002 Dec. 2002 Jan. 2004 Jan.-Feb. 2008

Gallup/Newsweek Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup Gallup Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/USA Today

Note: * Asked of registered voters. ^ Very and somewhat categories combined. Samples are national adults. As a result of what‘s happening in the economy these days, please tell me whether or not you are worried about the following—a major wage earner in your family losing a job? Are you worried about this, or not? Yes, worried 44% 32 34 43 No, not worried 48% 58 60 55

Oct. 1991 May 2003 Nov. 2003 Feb. 2004

PSRA/Newsweek PSRA/Newsweek PSRA/Newsweek PSRA/Newsweek

How many jobs do you have now? One job 84% 85 87 85 86 85 83 Two jobs or more 16% 15 12 15 14 15 17

Jun. 1991 Jul. 1996 Jul. 1997 Aug. 1999 Aug. 2002 Aug. 2003 Aug. 2005

Gallup Newsweek PSRA/Pew Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup

How many jobs do you have now? One job 87% Two jobs or more 13%

Jun.-Jul. 2006

PSRA/Pew

12

Were you laid off from your main job at any time in the past two years? Yes 8% No 91%

Jun-Jul. 2006

PSRA/Pew

About how long were you out of work? Less than 3 months 34% Between 3 and 6 months 23% Between 6 months and 1 year 16% More than 1 year 15% Still out of work now 9%

Note: Based on those adults who were laid off. Overall, would you say the new job you took during this period offered wages and benefits that were better, worse, or about the same as the previous job? Better 25% Worse 28% About the same 37%

Note: Based on those adults who were laid off and now are employed. Thinking of the last 6 months- that is, since November of last year – have you or has someone in your family lost a job as a result of economic conditions or not? Yes (self lost job) Yes(someone in family) 7% 21% 8 21 Both 1% 1 No 70% 69

May 2009 May 2010

Roper Roper

In your opinion, what is the most important problem facing the U.S. today? Economy (Net) 76% 46 48 47 48 Top Response Economy (76%) Economy (46) Economy (48) Economy (47) Economy (48)

Feb. 2009 Oct. 2009 Jan. 2010 Mar. 2010 Jul. 2010

Ipsos/McClatchy Ipsos/McClatchy Ipsos/McClatchy Ipsos/McClatchy Ipsos/McClatchy

What do you think is the most important problem facing this country today? Gallup Apr. 2009 May 2009 Jun. 2009 Jul. 2009 Aug. 2009 Sept. 2009 Oct. 2009 Nov. 2009 Dec. 2009 Jan. 2010 Feb. 2010 Mar. 2010 Apr. 2010 May 2010 Jun. 2010 Jul. 2010 Aug. 2010. The Economy 48% 47 41 38 33 29 26 31 26 25 31 24 23 26 28 31 31 Unemployment/Jobs 17% 14 14 19 14 15 17 20 16 22 31 31 30 22 21 22 28 Top Response The economy The economy The economy The economy The economy The economy The economy The economy The economy The economy The Economy & Unemployment Jobs Unemployment/Jobs Unemployment/Jobs The economy The economy The economy The economy

13

Job Security
Now I‘ll read a list of job characteristics. For each, please tell me how satisfied or dissatisfied you are with your current job in this regard. First, are you completely satisfied, somewhat satisfied, somewhat dissatisfied, or completely dissatisfied with job security? Gallup ----------------------------------------------------Job Security---------------------------------------------------------Completely satisfied Somewhat satisfied Somewhat dissatisfied Completely dissatisfied 45% 42% 8% 3% 35 44 12 7 46 33 9 11 52 35 6 6 48 33 11 7 54 30 8 7 55 30 7 7 48 35 7 8 54 28 11 6 52 31 9 7 55 29 10 5 56 31 6 6 55 31 8 5 50 30 10 8 51 33 7 7

1989 1991 1993 1998 1999 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Note: Asked of those employed full or part time. Let me read you several elements relating to the current economy. For each one, please tell me whether it is an area in which you feel very satisfied, somewhat satisfied, somewhat dissatisfied, or very dissatisfied…your current job security? NBC/WSJ -------------------------------------------------Current Job Security---------------------------------------------------Very satisfied Somewhat satisfied Somewhat dissatisfied Very dissatisfied Mar. 1996 36% 37% 14% 12% Jun. 1996 38 37 12 12 Sept. 1996 37 39 10 13 Dec. 1996 36 38 13 12 Mar. 1997 37 40 12 11 Jun. 1997 38 36 12 13 Sept. 1997 41 37 10 11 Dec. 1997 40 38 11 10 Dec. 1998 45 33 10 11 Apr. 2000 (RV) 46 35 9 9 Jan. 2009 35 35 14 15 Apr. 2009 32 36 13 17 Jul. 2009 30 30 15 24 Sept. 2009 36 30 16 17 Dec. 2009 33 34 14 18 Aug. 2010 33 32 15 19 Note: Asked of those employed. How secure do you feel in your current job? Very secure 48% 47 44 45 45 48 43 Fairly secure 21% 18 20 20 20 17 21 Not very secure 4% 3 3 5 4 3 7 Not at all secure 6% 4 3 2 5 1 6

Jul. 2007 Aug. 2007 Sep. 2007 Oct. 2007 Nov. 2007 Dec. 2007 Jan. 2008

Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby

14

Feb. 2008 Mar. 2008 Apr. 2008 May 2008 Jun. 2008 Jul. 2008 Aug. 2008 Sep. 2008 Oct. 2008 Nov. 2008 Dec. 2008

Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby

50 41 48 42 43 43 42 44 42 37 37

23 20 17 24 21 22 19 20 24 26 23

5 7 4 3 5 5 6 5 6 3 6

6 8 5 6 4 4 6 3 7 4 8

Now I'll read a list of job characteristics. For each, please tell me how satisfied you are with your current job in this regard. Are you completely satisfied, mostly satisfied, mostly dissatisfied, or completely dissatisfied with . . . your job security? Jun.-Jul. 2006 PSRA/Pew Completely satisfied 39% Somewhat satisfied 46% Somewhat dissatisfied 10% Completely dissatisfied 4%

Thinking back over the last five years, which, if any, of the following have happened to you personally? Aug. 2005 Gallup Yes 42% 41 32 30 19 15 7 No 58% 59 68 69 81 85 93

You were given a promotion You left a job to work for a different company You changed careers or made a significant change in they type of work you do for a living Your benefits were reduced Your wages were reduced You were laid off from a job You were fired from a job Do you think you would be happier in a different job?

Jun. 1955 Jan. 1965 Aug. 2001 Jul. 2006 Oct. 2006

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup/USA Today Gallup

Yes, happier 32% 21 33 31 27

No, not happier 63 % 66 61 63 70

Note: Sample is adults employed full or part-time. Do you think you would be happier if you made more money? Yes, happier 73% No, not happier 26%

Jul. 2006

Gallup/USA Today

Note: In 1955, 69 percent said they would be happier with more money; in 1965 64 percent gave the same response. Sample is adults employed full or part-time. In the last 12 months would you say you have felt more secure and confident that you can continue in your job as long as you want, or less secure and confident, or has there been no change? More 14% Less 37% No Change 47%

Jul. 2010

CBS

15

Outsourcing
Next, please indicate whether you are worried or not about each of the following happening to you, personally, in the near future. How about that your company will move jobs to countries overseas? Worried 9% 11 12 11 10 9 10 8 Not worried 89% 89 88 86 88 81 88 91

Aug. 2003 Aug. 2004 Aug. 2005 Aug. 2006 Aug. 2007 Aug. 2008 Aug. 2009 Aug. 2010

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup

Note: Samples are employed adults. How concerned are you, that you, or a friend, or relative, might lose a job because the employer is moving that job to a foreign country—very concerned, somewhat concerned, not too concerned, not at all concerned? Very concerned CNN/USA Today/Gallup 30% Somewhat concerned 17% Not too concerned 18% Not at all concerned 34%

Mar. 2004

Personal Financial Worries:
Question wording is always important in polls. In Pew’s June 2010 question, 38 percent described their own personal financial situation as excellent or good. In CBS News’s question 65 percent said the financial situation of their household these days as very or fairly good. Sixty-one percent in the AP/GfK Roper August poll said their financial situation these days was good. Thirty-six percent said it was poor. Twenty-six percent in a July Fox New/Opinion Dynamics question said they were getting ahead, 54 percent just keeping up with their bills, and 18 percent falling behind. In a Gallup battery asked in the spring every year since 2001, views about different items in one’s current financial situation such as being able to pay the minimum on credit card bills or not having enough money to pay normal bills are more generally pessimistic in recent years than they were earlier in the decade. Anxiety about prospects for retirement has clearly risen in the past few years. In 2001, when Gallup asked non-retired people whether they would have enough money in retirement to live comfortably, 59 percent said they would. In 2010, that response was 46 percent. Those in retirement seem less concerned.

How would you rate your own personal financial situation? Would you say you are in excellent shape, good shape, only fair shape or poor shape financially? Excellent 4% 4 5 6 4 Good 32% 35 30 34 33 Only fair 45% 45 47 40 46 Poor 18% 15 17 19 16

Jan. 1992 May 1992 Aug. 1992 Oct. 1992 Jan. 1993

US News US News US News US News US News

16

Dec. 1993 Mar. 1994 Feb. 1995 Sep. 1996* May 1997 Aug. 1999 Jun. 2000 Jun. 2001 Sep. 2001 Jun. 2002 Oct. 2002 Jan. 2003 Mar. 2003 Sep. 2003 Aug. 2004 Jan. 2005 May 2005 Jan. 2006 Mar. 2006 Oct. 2006 Dec. 2006 Feb. 2007 Sep. 2007 Nov. 2007 Jan. 2008 Feb. 2008 Mar. 2008 Apr. 2008 Jul. 2008 Oct. 2008 Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 Jun. 2009 Aug. 2009 Sept/Oct. 2009 Oct/Nov. 2009 Dec. 2009 Mar. 2010 Jun. 2010

PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew

5 5 8 8 7 6 9 6 7 5 7 7 10 10 9 10 7 7 9 9 8 8 10 9 10 9 8 8 9 6 6 5 6 6 6 5 7 6 6

34 41 39 47 43 43 43 38 40 40 39 38 43 38 42 41 37 39 39 40 40 41 38 41 39 36 39 35 33 35 32 33 32 31 32 30 28 31 32

45 40 38 34 38 41 35 39 37 37 37 39 31 36 34 34 39 37 36 33 35 36 34 34 34 37 34 39 37 40 40 41 39 36 38 40 39 39 38

15 13 14 10 11 9 11 16 14 16 16 15 12 15 14 14 16 15 15 16 16 14 16 15 15 16 17 16 19 18 21 20 22 26 22 25 24 22 20

Note: *Asked of registered voters. How would you rate the financial situation in your household these days? Is it very good, fairly good, fairly bad, or very bad? Very good 12% 14 12 14 18 9 13 15 10 12 10 13 12 10 9 9 Fairly good 69% 70 64 69 60 63 61 56 63 55 56 56 55 56 58 64 Fairly bad 13% 11 17 13 15 20 19 20 19 21 21 20 21 21 24 16 Very bad 5% 4 5 4 6 7 7 8 8 11 12 11 11 12 8 9

Nov. 1988 Oct. 1990 Jul. 2006 Apr. 2007 Feb. 2008 Mar-Apr. 2008 Jul. 2008 Aug. 2008 Jan. 2009 Feb. 2009 Apr. 2009 Dec. 2009 Feb. 2009 Apr. 2009 Feb. 2010 Apr. 2010

CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT

17

May 2010 Jun. 2010 Jul. 2010

CBS CBS/NYT CBS

10 10 11

59 56 54

23 25 25

7 8 10

Thinking about your household‘s financial condition, do you expect it to be better or worse in the next six months? Better 39% 33 40 24 20 20 23 25 21 24 23 23 18 19 21 21 22 25 21 Will remain the same 28% 28 25 43 48 46 46 45 45 48 48 45 47 48 49 47 50 47 52 Worse 34% 39 36 33 32 35 31 30 33 28 29 31 35 33 30 32 29 28 27

Feb. 2008 Mar. 2008 Jun. 2008 Nov. 2008 Jan. 2009 Mar. 2009 Apr. 2009 May 2009 Jun. 2009 Aug. 2009 Sept. 2009 Oct. 2009 Nov. 2009 Dec. 2009 Jan. 2010 Mar. 2010 Apr. 2010 May 2010 Jun. 2010

Harris Interactive Harris Interactive Harris Interactive Harris Interactive Harris Interactive Harris Interactive Harris Interactive Harris Interactive Harris Interactive Harris Interactive Harris Interactive Harris Interactive Harris Interactive Harris Interactive Harris Interactive Harris Interactive Harris Interactive Harris Interactive Harris Interactive

Would you describe the financial situation in your household these days as good, poor, or neither good nor poor? Good 61% 56 58 60 59 61 60 62 59 60 64 61 Neither 8% 6 5 5 7 4 3 4 3 7 6 3 Poor 30% 37 37 35 34 34 37 33 38 33 30 36

Sept. 2008 Jul. 2009 Sept. 2009 Oct. 2009 Nov. 2009 Dec. 2009 Jan. 2010 Mar. 2010 Apr. 2010 May 2010 Jun. 2010 Aug. 2010

Gfk/Roper Gfk/Roper Gfk/Roper Gfk/Roper Gfk/Roper Gfk/Roper Gfk/Roper Gfk/Roper Gfk/Roper Gfk/Roper Gfk/Roper Gfk/Roper

Which best describes your current financial situation? Are you: getting ahead, just able to pay most bills, or falling behind? Getting Just able to Falling ahead pay most bills behind Apr. 2007 Fox/OD 31% 51% 15% Dec. 2007 Fox/OD 41 45 11 Sep. 2008 Fox/OD 23 57 17 Sept. 2009 Fox/OD 27 54 17 Jul. 2010 Fox/OD 26 54 18 In the last 12 months, as a result of bad economic conditions, have your salary or wages been reduced, or not? Yes 31% No 69%

Jul. 2010

CBS

18

Next, please tell me how concerned you are right now about each of the following financial matters, based on your current financial situation – are you very worried, moderately worried, not too worried, or not worried at all. If a particular item does not apply to you please say so. First, how worried are you about…? Very worried Not being able to pay your rent, mortgage or other housing costs Apr. 2001 Gallup Apr. 2002 Gallup Apr. 2003 Gallup Apr. 2004 Gallup Apr. 2005 Gallup Apr. 2006 Gallup Apr. 2007 Gallup Apr. 2008 Gallup Apr. 2009 Gallup Apr. 2010 Gallup Not being able to maintain the standard of living you enjoy Apr. 2001 Gallup Apr. 2002 Gallup Apr. 2003 Gallup Apr. 2004 Gallup Apr. 2005 Gallup Apr. 2006 Gallup Apr. 2007 Gallup Apr. 2008 Gallup Sep. 2008 Gallup Apr. 2009 Gallup Apr. 2010 Gallup Moderately worried Not too worried Not worried at all

10% 8 11 11 10 11 11 18 17 18

14% 14 14 13 13 16 15 18 18 20

28% 26 27 26 30 29 31 24 26 28

44% 47 43 42 43 37 38 35 33 28

16% 12 14 16 14 18 18 25 24 21 23 Very worried

27% 23 24 23 27 31 23 30 32 32 31 Moderately worried

30% 31 32 29 31 28 32 24 24 28 30 Not too worried

26% 32 29 31 28 22 26 20 19 18 15 Not worried at all

Not being able to make the minimum payments on your credit cards Apr. 2001 Gallup Apr. 2002 Gallup Apr. 2003 Gallup Apr. 2004 Gallup Apr. 2005 Gallup Apr. 2006 Gallup Apr. 2007 Gallup Apr. 2008 Gallup Sep. 2008 Gallup Apr. 2009 Gallup Apr. 2010 Gallup Not having enough to pay your normal monthly bills Apr. 2001 Apr. 2002 Apr. 2003 Apr. 2004 Apr. 2005 Apr. 2006 Apr. 2007 Apr. 2008 Sep. 2008 Apr. 2009 Apr. 2010

9% 7 7 7 7 9 9 11 13 10 11

9% 8 9 10 9 8 9 12 12 13 13

22% 21 21 22 22 24 23 19 19 20 21

41% 48 47 46 45 41 41 42 39 37 37

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup

12% 11 12 12 13 14 14 20 20 19 18

20% 19 18 20 17 24 19 24 24 25 26

29% 27 29 28 32 30 32 25 24 26 28

39% 42 40 39 37 30 34 30 30 28 26

19

Not being able to get a loan to pay for a home, car, tuition, or business Sep. 2008 Gallup Not being able to pay medical costs for normal health care Apr. 2003 Gallup Apr. 2004 Gallup Apr. 2005 Gallup Apr. 2006 Gallup Apr. 2007 Gallup Apr. 2008 Gallup Dec. 2008 Gallup Apr. 2009 Gallup Apr. 2010 Gallup

20%

15%

22%

33%

17% 21 23 23 21 23 24 26 22

20% 16 18 22 15 21 22 20 26

24% 25 24 26 31 24 24 28 27

36% 36 32 27 30 29 27 26 21

Right now, do you have enough money to live comfortably, or not. Apr. 2002 Apr. 2003 Apr. 2005 Apr. 2006 Apr. 2007 Apr. 2008 Apr. 2009 Apr. 2010 Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Yes 75% 73 72 71 73 69 65 68 No 24% 26 28 28 26 30 33 31

When you retire, do you think you will have enough money to live comfortably, or not? Non-retired Adults ------------Right Now--------------------When you retire-------Yes, have enough No Yes, will have enough No 75% 24 % 59% 32% 73 26 59 36 74 25 59 35 72 28 53 40 71 28 50 43 73 26 53 42 69 30 46 44 65 33 41 52 68 31 46 48

Apr. 2002 Apr. 2003 Apr. 2004 Apr. 2005 Apr. 2006 Apr. 2007 Apr. 2008 Apr. 2009 Apr. 2010

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup

Think about your household income, would you say that it is more than enough so that you can save and buy some extras, just enough to meet your bills and obligations, or it is not enough to meet your bills and obligations? Save and buy extras 27% 24 33 35 34 36 38 37 35 33 38 27 33 Just enough 55% 57 48 52 51 46 44 49 51 46 46 48 47 Not enough 16% 19 17 12 15 17 17 13 13 21 13 23 18

Mar. 1996 May 1996 Jan. 2005 Jul. 2006 Sep. 2006 Oct. 2006 Nov. 2006 Feb. 2007 Dec. 2007 Jan-Feb. 2008 Feb. 2008 Apr. 2008 May-Jun. 2008

CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS CBS CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS

20

Sep. 2008 Oct. 2008 Late Oct. 2008 Dec. 2008 Jan. 2009 Feb. 2009 Apr. 2009 Late Apr. 2009 May 2009 June 2009 Jul. 2009 Jan. 2010 Feb. 2010

CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS CBS CBS/NYT

37 30 29 31 29 27 29 29 26 28 25 22 25

44 51 51 49 53 55 49 47 52 49 45 53 57

17 18 20 19 17 17 22 23 22 22 28 25 17

How much have you been affected personally by the downturn in the economy––a great deal, quite a bit, just some, or not at all? Affected a great deal 12% 22 23 23 25

Jan. 2001 Jan. 2009 Feb. 2009 Apr. 2009 Mar. 2010

NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ

Quite a bit 12% 20 20 23 23

Some 40% 42 42 41 40

Not at all 36% 16 15 13 12

Gallup Financial Well Being Index Those that say they have ―more than enough money to do what you want to do‖ Jun. 2009 Gallup 33% Jul. 2009 Gallup 32 Aug.2009 Gallup 33 Sept. 2009 Gallup 31 Oct. 2009 Gallup 32 Nov. 2009 Gallup 34 Dec. 2009 Gallup 34 Jan. 2010 Gallup 32 Feb. 2010 Gallup 33 Mar. 2010 Gallup 32 Apr. 2010 Gallup 34 May 2010 Gallup 33 Do not have enough money to buy the things they need Jun. 2009 Gallup 22% July 2009 Gallup 22 Aug. 2009 Gallup 24 Sept. 2009 Gallup 24 Oct. 2009 Gallup 23 Nov. 2009 Gallup 24 Dec. 2009 Gallup 25 Jan. 2010 Gallup 22 Feb. 2010 Gallup 21 Mar. 2010 Gallup 22 Apr. 2010 Gallup 21 May 2010 Gallup 20 Over the course of the next year, do you think the financial situation of you and your family will improve a lot, improve some, get a little worse, or get a lot worse? Improve a lot 9% 8 6 Improve a little 46% 49 50 Get a little worse 19% 22 20 Get a lot worse 5% 4 5

Jan. 1992 May 1992 Aug. 1992

US News US News US News

21

Oct. 1992 Mar. 1994 Feb. 1995 May 1997 Jun. 2000 Jan. 2001 Jun. 2001 Sep. 2001 Jan. 2002 Jun. 2002 Oct. 2002 Jan. 2003 Mar. 2003 Sep. 2003 Aug. 2004 Jan. 2005 May 2005 Jan. 2006 Dec. 2006 Feb. 2007 Sep. 2007 Jan. 2008 Mar. 2008 Jul. 2008 Oct. 2008 Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 Jun. 2009* Aug. 2009 Sept/Oct. 2009 Oct/Nov. 2009 Dec. 2009 Mar. 2010 May 2010

US News PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew

9 10 11 12 17 11 11 9 12 11 10 9 12 11 13 10 10 10 10 11 10 11 10 7 8 7 7 9 8 10 6 9 9 10

51 57 53 56 55 46 52 46 53 55 54 51 51 53 57 54 51 51 57 52 52 49 45 44 51 49 47 54 47 49 50 44 52 52

14 11 13 10 7 18 15 16 15 15 13 18 15 15 9 14 15 14 13 12 14 16 20 21 20 21 22 17 17 17 19 19 15 14

3 3 3 2 3 9 4 4 5 4 5 5 4 4 3 4 5 5 3 3 4 6 7 7 6 6 7 7 8 6 8 8 8 5

Note: *Category ‗Improve a little‘ changed to ‗Improve some‘. How would you rate your own personal financial situation? Excellent 14% 12 12 10 10 11 12 12 9 9 7 11 8 8 10 7 8 7 Good 43% 48 44 45 45 44 40 44 37 44 39 39 41 39 43 40 40 41 Fair 32% 29 31 32 33 32 33 28 37 32 40 35 34 38 35 37 35 33 Poor 10% 11 12 13 11 13 13 15 17 15 14 14 16 14 12 15 16 20

Jul. 2007 Aug. 2007 Sep. 2007 Oct. 2007 Nov. 2007 Dec. 2007 Jan. 2008 Feb. 2008 Mar. 2008 Apr. 2008 May 2008 Jun. 2008 Jul. 2008 Aug. 2008 Sep. 2008 Oct. 2008 Nov. 2008 Dec. 2008

Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby

22

How would you rate your personal financial situation – excellent, good, only fair, or poor? Excellent 9% 9 5 7 14 14 13 15 16 7 8 10 11 8 Good 46% 48 39 40 48 48 45 44 47 43 40 36 45 37 Only fair 33% 29 38 37 27 25 30 27 27 35 34 35 32 38 Poor 10% 12 16 13 10 11 10 10 8 13 16 17 12 15

Apr. 2003 Jun.-Jul. 2003 Sep. 2003 Nov. 2003 Mar. 2004 Jun. 2004 Aug. 2004 Sep. 2004 Oct. 2004 Dec. 2004 Dec. 2005 Apr. 2006 Jan. 2008 Apr. 2009

Fox/OD Fox/OD Fox/OD Fox/OD Fox/OD Fox/OD Fox/OD Fox/OD Fox/OD Fox/OD Fox/OD Fox/OD Fox/OD Fox/OD

A year from now, do you think your personal financial situation will be better or worse? Better 49% 57 63 56 53 57 51 48 47 Worse 19% 19 9 12 14 14 16 17 13 Same (vol.) 24% 21 22 27 26 24 27 30 32

Aug. 2001 Jul. 2002 Apr. 2003 Jun.-Jul. 2003 Sep. 2003 Dec. 2003 Dec. 2004 Dec. 2005 Jan. 2008

Fox/OD Fox/OD Fox/OD Fox/OD Fox/OD Fox/OD Fox/OD Fox/OD Fox/OD

Rate your current financial situation, using a scale from 1 to 7, where 7 means your personal financial situation is very strong today and 1 means it is very weak. Very Strong Seven 11% 9 8 10 8 11 10 10 11 10 10 14 12 11 10 9 11 11 10 12 8 11 11 10 13 11 Very Weak One 9% 9 9 11 9 9 9 8 11 11 9 9 10 10 10 10 6 10 9 8 10 10 9 11 11 10

Sep. 2005 Oct. 2006 Nov. 2005 Dec. 2005 Jan. 2006 Feb. 2006 Mar. 2006 Apr. 2006 May 2006 Jun. 2006 Jul. 2006 Aug. 2006 Sep. 2006 Nov. 2006 Dec. 2006 Jan. 2007 Feb. 2007 Mar. 2007 Apr. 2007 May 2007 Jun. 2007 Jul. 2007 Aug. 2007 Sep. 2007 Oct. 2007 Nov. 2007

RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos

Six 17% 14 17 15 18 17 16 14 14 17 16 13 21 16 14 16 18 15 16 19 14 13 15 17 15 15

Five 25% 29 29 30 30 29 31 29 30 29 28 30 26 29 27 29 30 28 28 29 30 27 30 25 26 27

Four 20% 21 18 18 16 19 17 20 18 15 18 16 19 18 20 16 16 21 18 15 20 22 19 19 18 20

Three 11% 12 12 10 13 8 10 13 10 12 12 11 7 11 14 13 11 11 12 11 11 10 9 9 10 10

Two 6% 5 6 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 6 3 4 4 5 7 3 6 4 6 5 5 6 6 6

23

Dec. 2007 Jan. 2008 Feb. 2008 Mar. 2008 Apr. 2008 May-Jun. 2008 Jun. 26-29, 2008 Jul.-Aug. 2008 Sep. 2008 Oct. 2008 Nov. 2008 Dec. 2008 Jan. 2009 Feb. 2009 Mar. 2009 Apr. 2009 May 2009 Jun. 2009 Jul. 2009 Jul./Aug. 2009 Aug. 2009 Oct. 2009 Oct./Nov. 2009 Dec. 2009 Jan. 2010 Jan./Feb. 2010 Feb. 2010

RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos

11 9 11 9 11 10 10 9 12 11 9 9 8 7 10 8 10 9 9 8 9 9 9 8 12 11 10

15 16 15 16 14 13 12 14 13 14 12 12 12 11 11 15 15 9 11 13 12 13 11 13 14 11 15

28 27 25 26 25 24 23 25 23 26 26 23 24 24 24 26 25 23 25 25 24 29 28 27 25 23 27

18 18 17 16 18 20 16 18 19 19 19 18 17 17 19 19 16 23 20 20 15 21 18 17 17 19 17

10 11 15 13 15 11 14 13 15 11 15 13 14 14 14 12 13 15 14 13 16 11 15 14 10 14 10

5 6 4 5 6 6 7 5 5 6 6 8 7 8 8 6 8 6 7 10 7 5 5 7 7 5 6

11 10 12 13 10 14 16 14 12 12 13 15 16 17 12 11 11 12 13 8 15 11 13 11 15 16 14

How would you rate your own personal financial situation today? Would you say you are in excellent shape, good shape, only fair shape, or poor shape? Excellent shape 6% 4 5 5 7 6 7 9 7 8 9 7 Good shape 34% 33 34 41 43 43 41 38 42 38 41 35 Fair shape 40% 46 45 40 38 41 40 36 37 37 34 37 Poor shape 19% 16 15 13 11 9 11 15 14 16 15 20

Nov. 1992 Jan. 1993 Dec. 1993 Mar. 1994 May 1997 Sep. 1999 Mar. 2000 Dec. 2000 Mar. 2001 May 2003 Nov. 2003 Jan. 2009

PSRA/Newsweek PSRA/Newsweek PSRA/Newsweek PSRA/Newsweek PSRA/Newsweek PSRA/Newsweek PSRA/Newsweek PSRA/Newsweek PSRA/Newsweek PSRA/Newsweek PSRA/Newsweek PSRA/Newsweek

Looking ahead, over the next 12 months, do you think your own financial situation will get better, get worse, or stay about the same? Get better 37% 42 45 34 40 36 32 Get worse 8% 7 6 15 8 8 17 Stay about the same 53% 49 44 51 50 54 48

Jan. 1996 Mar. 2000 Dec. 2000 Mar. 2001 May 2003 Nov. 2003 Jan. 2009

PSRA/Newsweek PSRA/Newsweek PSRA/Newsweek PSRA/Newsweek PSRA/Newsweek PSRA/Newsweek PSRA/Newsweek

24

How satisfied are you with your own current financial situation today—are you very satisfied, somewhat satisfied, somewhat dissatisfied, or very dissatisfied with your financial situation? Very satisfied NBC/WSJ 13% NBC/WSJ 16 NBC/WSJ 17 NBC/WSJ 16 NBC/WSJ 19 NBC/WSJ 20 NBC/WSJ 26 NBC/WSJ 25 NBC/WSJ 22 NBC/WSJ 21 NBC/WSJ (RV) 25 NBC/WSJ 21 NBC/WSJ 19 NBC/WSJ 16 NBC/WSJ (RV) 18 NBC/WSJ 17 NBC/WSJ 19 NBC/WSJ 21 NBC/WSJ (RV) 17 NBC/WSJ 15 NBC/WSJ 15 NBC/WSJ 14 Somewhat satisfied 48% 50 48 50 49 51 52 51 50 53 51 50 50 47 40 44 50 46 42 41 35 44 Somewhat dissatisfied 24% 21 20 20 17 16 17 13 18 14 13 17 19 24 23 21 18 17 20 22 23 22 Very dissatisfied 14% 12 14 13 14 12 7 10 10 11 10 11 12 13 19 17 13 16 21 22 26 19

Dec. 1994 Dec. 1996 Mar. 1997 Jun. 1997 Sep. 1997 Dec. 1997 Sep. 1998 Dec. 1998 Sep. 1999 Nov. 1999 Apr. 2000 Jan. 2001 Jan. 2002 Jul. 2002 Nov. 2002 Dec. 2002 Jan. 2004 Dec. 2007 Apr. 2008 Jan. 2009 Feb.-Mar. 2009 Apr. 2009

Would you describe the state of your personal finances these days as secure or shaky? LA Times/Bloomberg Very secure 13% 11 11 13 13 13 9 9 10 11 10 11 10 14 12 12 13 11 13 13 14 15 15 18 22 16 13 21 Fairly secure 55% 54 52 49 54 51 48 52 50 52 50 50 51 49 57 55 54 54 54 55 51 59 57 62 57 61 55 54 Fairly shaky 20% 22 22 22 19 21 24 23 23 19 23 23 24 23 16 21 19 20 18 18 19 16 17 13 13 14 18 16 Very shaky 11% 11 14 15 12 13 18 14 16 17 16 15 14 12 13 11 12 13 14 12 14 8 10 6 6 8 12 7

Apr. 1991 Sep. 1991 Nov. 1991 Feb. 1992 Mar. 1992 Jul. 1992 Jan. 1993 Feb. 1993 Jun. 1993 Sep. 1993 Dec. 1993 Jan. 1994 Apr. 1994 Jul. 1994 Oct. 1994 Jan. 1995 Mar. 1995 Oct. 1995 Aug. 1996 Oct. 1996 Sep. 1997 Jan. 1999 May 2000 Jul. 2000 Aug. 2000 Sep. 2000 Mar. 2001 Nov. 2001

25

Feb. 2002 Aug. 2002 Dec. 2002 Feb. 2003 Jan. 2005 Jan. 2006 Mar. 2006 Jun. 2006 Dec. 2006 Jan. 2007 Apr. 2007 Nov. 2007 Jan. 2008 May 2008 Jun. 2008 Oct. 2008 Dec. 2008

19 10 15 15 16 15 17 18 15 15 19 17 16 13 13 14 13

58 55 51 50 54 47 55 48 53 56 45 49 51 44 48 46 42

16 21 21 22 15 21 15 18 18 16 22 17 19 21 20 18 23

7 13 12 12 15 16 12 13 13 12 13 13 12 16 17 19 19

Note: All askings prior to Jan. 2006 were done solely by the LA Times. The LA Times and Bloomberg began asking the question together in Jan. 2006. Since then all askings have been done jointly by LA Times/Bloomberg with the exception of the Jun. 2006 asking which was also done solely by the Times. All in all, how financially secure do you feel? Very secure 21% 20 16 12 Somewhat secure 42% 44 48 45 Somewhat insecure 21% 24 22 28 Very insecure 15% 11 12 15

Jul. 2008 Dec. 2008 Sep. 2008 Feb. 2009

ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post

As you think about your own financial situation, which of the following economic issues worries you most right now? PSRA/Pew Worries me the most Rising prices Mar. 2008 Oct. 2008 Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 Mar. 2009 Aug. 2009 Sept/Oct. 2009 Problems in the financial markets Mar. 2008 Oct. 2008 Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 Mar. 2009 Aug. 2009 Sept/Oct. 2009 The job situation Mar. 2008 Oct. 2008 Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 Mar. 2009 Aug. 2009 Sept/Oct. 2009 49% 38 31 21 22 26 27

14% 31 29 21 21 14 14

19% 18 26 45 42 44 46

26

Declining real estate values Mar. 2008 Oct. 2008 Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 Mar. 2009 Aug. 2009 Sept/Oct. 2009

12% 8 9 9 10 9 7

Thinking about your personal finances, have you done or not done any of the following lately? PSRA/Pew Yes, have done that Delayed or canceled plans to buy a new home or make major home improvements Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 Jun. 2009 Aug. 2009 Dec. 2009 Delayed or canceled plans to buy a new car Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 Jun. 2009 Aug. 2009 Dec. 2009 Delayed or canceled plans to make a major purchase For your household, such as a computer or appliance Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 Jun. 2009 Aug. 2009 Dec. 2009 Cut back on planned spending for a vacation Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 Jun. 2009 Aug. 2009 Dec., 2009 Adjusted your plans for retirement Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 Jun. 2009 Dec. 2009 Changed the way your money is saved or invested Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 Jun. 2009 Dec. 2009 Been out at restaurants less often Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 Jun. 2009* Aug. 2009* Dec. 2009* No

36% 37 40 36 38

63% 62 58 63 62

33% 37 36 38 36

67% 62 63 62 63

44% 44 40 42 43

56% 55 59 58 56

57% 59 59 59 59

42% 41 41 40 40

27% 29 30 32

72% 70 69 66

48% 53 57 52

51% 46 42 46

55% 55 56 55 56

44% 44 44 44 44

27

Note: *Wording changed to ‗Been eating out at restraints less often‘. Which one of the following statements best describes your own personal economic situation? NBC/WSJ I am in good shape. I am able to save and plan for the future Mar. 2001 Jan. 2004 Jul. 2008 I am okay. I am saving a little and I am able to provide for my needs Mar. 2001 Jan. 2004 Jul. 2008 I am barely getting by. I have to budget carefully and I am not able to plan for the future Mar. 2001 Jan. 2004 Jul. 2008 I am falling behind. I have had to use savings or go further into debt to pay my bills Mar. 2001 Jan. 2004 Jul. 2008 I am in serious financial trouble, and can‘t quite see how I am going to make it Mar. 2001 Jan. 2004 Jul. 2008

20% 23 18

51% 51 47

20% 17 23

6% 5 7

2% 3 4

Would you say you and your family live above your means or within your means? Above 8% Within 85% Below (vol.) 5%

Jan. 2009

Fox /OD

Excluding mortgage debt, overall about how much are you personally in debt – that is, how much do you owe with things like credit card bills, car loans, and student loans? Jan. 2009 Fox/OD Less than $10,000 29% $10,00130,000 21% $30,00150,000 6% Over $50,000 5%

Nothing 27%

Thinking about the economic conditions that you and your family face, which one of the following has the greatest effect on you personally? NBC/WSJ Apr. 2009 Savings, such as the drop in the stock market or savings for retirement Inflation, such as the cost of groceries Health care, such as the cost of health insurance prescriptions Employment, such as job security and wages Energy, such as the cost of gasoline and utilities Housing, such as home values and the mortgage market 24% 14 18 14 11 9 Dec. 2008 25% 21 16 16 11 9 Oct. 2008 (late) Oct. 2008 23% 15 13 13 25 9 7% 21 18 8 37 6

28

Would you say this recession has hurt you financially, or not. If yes, is that a great deal or only somewhat? Hurt a great deal 16% 30 37 30 33 Hurt only somewhat 37% 34 32 34 32

Jun. 1991 Dec. 2008 Jan. 2009 Feb. 2009 Sept. 2009

ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post

Not hurt 46% 36 32 35 35

How concerned are you about being able to maintain your current standard of living – are you very worried, somewhat worried, not so worried, or not worried at all? Very Worried 17% 28 24 24 Somewhat worried 34% 40 42 39 Not so worried 22% 16 17 19 Not worried at all 27% 15 16 17

Dec. 2007 May 2008 Dec. 2008 Dec. 2009

ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post

Would you say you feel financially secure enough to provide sufficiently for your children, or don‘t you feel that way? Feel secure 68% 64 Do not 30% 32

Mar.-Apr. 2008 May 2009

CNN/ORC CNN/ORC

Note: Asked of those who have children 18 years and younger. Have recent price increases in gasoline caused any financial hardship for you or your household? Caused hardship 40% 58 59 69 61 72 69 65 65 66 63 72 60 75 63 56 Has not 60% 42 41 31 38 28 28 34 34 33 37 28 39 25 37 44

Feb. 2000 Apr. 2005 May 2005 Aug. 2005 Sep. 2005 Sep. 2005 Apr. 2006 May 2006 Aug. 2006 Apr. 2007 Nov. 2007 Mar. 2008 Apr. 2008 Jul. 2008 Sep. 2008 Jun. 2009

Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today CNN/ORC CNN/ORC CNN/ORC CNN/ORC CNN/ORC CNN/ORC CNN/ORC CNN/ORC CNN/ORC Gallup

How often do you worry that your total family income will not be enough to meet your family‘s expenses and bills – all of the time, most of the time, some of the time, or almost never? All the time 13% 20 15 13 9 12 15 18 20 Most of the time 13% 15 16 13 12 14 10 11 12 Some of the time 36% 30 38 35 44 37 36 43 35

Jan.-Jun. 1976 Jan. 1984 Jan. 1987 Jun. 1989 Apr.-May 1998 Dec. 2002-Feb. 2003 Jun. 2004 Jun. 2005 Jun. 2006

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup

Almost never 38% 34 30 38 34 36 38 28 32

29

Jun. 2007 Jun. 2008

Gallup Gallup

21 20

13 17

37 34

28 29

In looking at the next twelve months, do you think that it will be a time of economic expansion for you and your family and an opportunity to move ahead, or do you think that it will be a time to hold back and save because harder times are ahead? Time of expansion/ opportunity 32% 29 32 40 30 29 19 Time to hold back/ harder time ahead 57% 60 56 51 61 60 70

Dec. 1998 Jan. 2001 Mar. 2001 Jan. 2005 May 2005 Dec. 2005 Jan. 2008

NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ

For you and your family, does it feel like the economy is getting better or worse? Better 35% 44 36 31 21 22 37 36 Worse 45% 34 41 49 56 53 43 38 Same 18% 19 21 17 20 23 19 24

Oct. 2003 Jan. 2004 Feb. 2004 May 2004 Apr. 2006 Oct. 2007 Oct. 2009 May 2010

Fox/OD Fox/OD Fox/OD Fox/OD Fox/OD Fox/OD Fox/OD Fox/OD

Note: Samples are registered voters. ―The same‖ responses are volunteered. For each of the following items I read, please tell me whether you feel very confident about it, somewhat confident, not very confident, not at all confident. Fox/OD Very confident About the future security of your job Oct. 1999 Oct. 2007 Sep. 2008 Mar. 2009 About your own personal financial future May 1999 Jan. 2001 Jan. 2002 Jun. 2003 Oct. 2007 Sep. 2008 Mar. 2009 About making decisions about your personal financial investments Oct. 2007 Sep. 2008 Mar.2009 In the U.S. stock market Mar. 2002 Apr. 2003 Oct. 2003 Oct. 2007 Sep. 2008 62% 51 37 32 36 32 36 26 37 32 32 Somewhat confident 25% 31 27 28 47 50 45 48 43 49 47 Not very confident 8% 9 10 10 11 10 11 17 13 12 13 Not at all confident 3% 5 5 5 2 4 3 6 6 4 6

46 36 39 18 12 17 21 8

34 40 35 35 34 43 44 38

11 16 14 19 24 21 17 28

6 5 9 15 19 12 10 20

30

Mar. 2009 That you are saving enough money for your retirement Oct. 2007

11

30

31

21

29

33

17

16

Now I‘m going to read a few more pairs of statements. Again, just tell me whether the first statement or the second statement comes closer to your own views—even if neither is exactly right. The first pair…I often don‘t have enough money to make ends meet, or paying the bills is generally not a problem for me. Do you feel strongly about that, or not? Often don‘t have enough money to make ends meet 36% 29 37 35 40 Paying bills generally not a problem for me 63% 68 59 62 56

Jul. 1994 Aug. 1999 Sep. 2000 Dec. 2004 Dec. 2005

PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew

For each statement, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. I often don‘t have enough money to make ends meet. Agree 43% 45 50 47 51 52 54 43 40 36 35 39 44 42 Disagree 55% 54 49 52 48 47 44 56 59 62 64 59 54 55

May 1987 May 1988 Feb. 1989 May 1990 Nov. 1991 Jun. 1992 May 1993 Jul. 1994 Nov. 1997 Sep. 1999 Aug. 2002 Aug. 2003 Mar. 2007 Apr. 2009

PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew

Note: Responses combined. Which best describes your family‘s financial situation? Do you feel as if you are getting ahead financially, have just enough money to maintain your standard of living, or are falling behind financially? Getting ahead 24% 28 26 21 Just enough 52% 48 53 61 Falling behind 23% 23 20 17

Oct. 2006 Nov. 2006* Sep. 2007 Jan. 2008

ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post

Note: * Registered voters. Thinking of your own financial situation just now, do you feel you are in a good position to buy some of the things you would like to have, or is now a rather bad time for you to spend money? Good 28% 30 35 43 33 22 Bad 55% 67 61 53 62 74

Mar-Apr. 1978 Oct. 1991 Apr. 2001 Sep. 2001 Apr. 2006 Apr. 2008

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup

31

How concerned are you that you will have enough money to pay for major expenses, for example, health care tuition, buying a home, and retirement? Are you very concerned, somewhat concerned, not very concerned, or not at all concerned? Very concerned 38% 44 46 Somewhat concerned 29% 34 33 Not very concerned 19% 13 14 Not at all concerned 14% 9 7

Jan. 2005 Sep. 2006 Apr. 2007

CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS

In general, how easy is it for you to afford the things in life that you want – very easy, easy, difficult, or very difficult? Very easy 4% 7 5 9 8 6 Easy 35% 43 44 43 41 37 Difficult 46% 36 37 33 37 40 Very difficult 12% 12 11 12 11 15

Jan. 1992 Jun. 2001 Jun. 2002 Feb. 2008 Oct. 2008 Dec. 2008

US News & World Report PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew

How easy or difficult is it for you and your family to afford ____ -- very easy, easy, difficult, or very difficult? Very easy Food Jan. 1992 May 1992 Aug. 1992 Feb. 2008 Jul. 2008 Dec. 2008 Health care Jan. 1992 May 1992 Aug. 1992 Feb. 2008 Jul. 2008 Dec. 2008 Taxes Jan. 1992 May 1992 Aug. 1992 Feb. 2008 Jul. 2008 Dec. 2008 Saving for retirement Jan. 1992 May 1992 Aug. 1992 Feb. 2008 Jul. 2008 Dec. 2008 US News US News US News PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew 2% 4 3 6 5 3 33% 30 32 36 35 38 45% 46 43 37 40 41 13% 15 17 14 12 11 US News US News US News PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew 7% 12 11 14 10 9 68% 66 65 57 50 60 21% 18 18 22 30 25 3% 3 5 5 8 4 Easy Difficult Very difficult

US News US News US News PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew

6% 10 7 11 9 7

43% 42 39 39 40 44

29% 29 32 29 30 29

16% 15 19 16 16 16

US News US News US News PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew

2% 2 3 5 5 2

22% 21 22 28 23 23

37% 38 36 34 37 39

23% 24 29 22 22 25

Your home heating and electric bills Jan. 1992 US News May 1992 US News Aug. 1992 US News Feb. 2008 PSRA/Pew Jul. 2008 PSRA/Pew Dec. 2008 PSRA/Pew

4% 9 7 8 6 7

55% 54 54 44 41 46

31% 28 29 33 38 32

7% 6 8 11 11 10

32

Gasoline Feb. 2008 Jul. 2008 Dec. 2008 PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew 5% 4 10 30% 23 57 38% 42 21 22% 26 6

Have there been times during the last year when you did not have enough money to buy food your family needed? Yes 14% 20 16 13 11 13 17 16 18 No 86% 79 84 87 89 86 83 84 82

Jan.-Jun. 1976 Jan. 1984 Jan. 1987 Jun. 1989 Apr.-May 1998 Dec.-Feb. 2003 Jun. 2004 Jun. 2005 Jun. 2007

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup

Note: In the June 2007 survey, 10 percent of whites said yes, 36 percent of blacks, and 39 percent of Hispanics also said yes. Thinking about the next 12 months, would you say you feel optimistic or pessimistic about your own family‘s financial situation? Optimistic 75% 73 79 82 72 67 65 61 68 66 66 Pessimistic 23% 26 20 16 25 30 32 34 29 31 31

Dec. 2004 Dec. 2005 May 2006 Dec. 2006 Dec. 2007 Feb. 2008 Apr. 2008 Sep. 2008 Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 Apr. 2009

ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post

How do you feel about your own family‘s financial situation – very worried, somewhat worried, not too worried, not worried at all? Very worried 22% 23 24 27 23 23 Somewhat worried 38% 43 43 43 41 37 Not too worried 26% 22 21 20 25 24 Not worried at all 14% 11 12 10 12 16

Sep. 2008 Early Oct. 2008 Mid Oct. 2008 Jan. 2009 Jul. 2009 Oct. 2009

ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post

Have you personally tried to reduce your household and personal spending because of concern about the economy? Yes, reduced 39% 37 32 50 75 79 No 58% 61 67 49 24 21

Feb. 2001 Mar. 2001 Oct. 2001 Apr. 2003 Apr. 2008 Feb. 2009

Fox/OD Fox/OD Fox/OD Fox/OD Fox/OD Fox/OD

33

In the past couple of years, would you say you have been getting ahead financially, just staying even financially, or falling behind financially? Getting ahead 31% 21 23 Staying even 48% 50 48 Falling behind 20% 27 28

Jan. 1998 Apr. 2007 Mar.-Apr. 2008

CBS CBS CBS/NYT

Is your financial situation a major cause of stress in your life, a minor cause, or not a cause of stress in your life? Major cause 23% 23 Minor cause 41% 42 Not a cause 35% 34

Oct. 1997 Jul. 2008

ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post

How much difficulty would you have if you had to pay an unexpected bill of one thousand dollars right away – a lot, a little, not much, or none at all? A lot 44% 43 A little 26% 24 Not much 12% 15 None at all 17% 17

Jun. 1996 Apr. 2007

CBS CBS

What is your biggest personal economic concern right now? Paying everyday bills, or paying for healthcare or saving for retirement or something else? Mar.-Apr. 2008 Every day bills Retirement Healthcare College tuition (vol.) Paying for gas (vol.) CBS/NYT 29% 25 24 4 2

Note: Only the top five responses are shown. How concerned are you about being able to afford your children‘s college tuition – very concerned, somewhat concerned, or not at all concerned? Very concerned 70% Somewhat concerned 24% Not at all concerned 6%

Mar.-Apr. 2008

CBS/NYT

Note: Asked of parents with children under age eighteen. How would you describe your household‘s financial situation? Would you say you? Meet your basic expenses with a little left over for extras 32% 31 27 30 Don‘t have enough to meet basic expenses 7% 7 11 11

Jan.-Feb. 2008 Mar. 2008 Jul. 2009 May 2010

PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew

Live comfortably 38% 39 33 30

Just meet your basic expenses 22% 21 26 27

Which of the following best describes you: you do not have any credit cards, you have at least one credit card but you do not owe any money on them except for purchases in the last 30 days, or you have at least one credit card and you owe money for purchases made more than 30 days ago? Have one and do not owe money 39% Have one and do owe money 35%

Mar. 2008

CNN/ORC

No credit cards 25%

34

Roughly how much do you owe on all your credit cards? Mar. 2008 Zero Under $1,000 $1,000-$3,000 $3,001-$8,000 Over $8,000 CNN/ORC 64% 5 9 10 8

Median credit card debt (among those who owe): $4,000 Note: Sample is a full national sample—not a subset of the previous question. Thinking about the money you owe on credit cards and installment loans (excluding your mortgage), would you say you? PSRA/Pew Owe lot more Owe little more Owe about Owe less than Do not have than can afford than can afford what can afford can afford any debt 7% 14% 32% 19% 16% 13 15 31 18 12 9 13 29 23 20 10 15 33 22 13 8 15 30 24 15 7 13 31 26 15 9 13 32 22 12 10 12 34 20 16 10 15 33 22 13 No cards or loans 11% 10 5 5 6 6 9 6 6

Jan. 1992 Jun. 2001 Feb. 2004 May 2005 Jan. 2006 Sep. 2007 Feb. 2008 Jul. 2008 Oct. 2008

Note: The 1992 asking was done by U.S News and World Report. First, what, if anything, worries you most about your personal financial situation in the . . . ? Sep. 2007 Gallup Worry about my personal financial situation in the Short-term Long-term 11% 7% 9 13 7 3 6 7 4 4 4 6 3 3 3 2 3 8 3 4 2 3 2 -2 -2 -1 -1 --18

Income is not enough to meet expenses Health insurance/cost of healthcare Job security concerns/possible loss of job Rising cost of living/inflation Housing costs College expenses Taxes Debt (non-specific) Social Security benefits Stock market downturn/crash Recession Paying mortgage/rent Gas prices Interest rates Energy/home heating prices Credit card debt Retirement savings/retirement income

Note: Wordings slightly varied between short term and long term.

35

I am going to read you a series of statements about several issues. After each one I read, please tell me if you agree, disagree or if you neither agree, nor disagree. Public Opinion Strategies (R)/Greenberg, Quinlan, Rosner (D) Completely agree Sometimes because I am short of money I fall behind on my monthly payments and pay bills late I have checked my credit rating online or ordered a credit report in the past year Frequently because I am short of money I fall behind on my monthly payments and pay bills late Apr. 2006 Somewhat disagree Completely disagree

Somewhat agree

Neither

15% 37

14% 7

9% 9

57% 40

4% 4

10

13

10

60

5

Thinking now about your own personal finances, compared to a year ago, would you say your personal economic situation is…? Neither better Better nor worse Worse Aug. 2007 Harris Interactive 32% 31% 32% Note: Sample is an online national adults. In general, when you think of your financial situation would you say you are…? Worried 56% Not worried 44%

Aug. 2007

Harris Interactive

Note: Sample is an online national adults. How would you rate your personal financial situation? Do you feel as if you: 1) Are getting ahead financially 2. Have just enough money to maintain your standard of living 3. Are falling behind financially? Getting ahead 29% Maintaining standard of living 53% Falling behind 17%

Oct. 2006

Fox/OD

If you had to choose, what would you say is the most important cause of stress in your life? Your job 26% Your finances 34% Your health 15% Your family life 16%

Nov. 2006

AP/Ipsos

How would you describe your own personal financial situation? Would you say you live comfortably, meet your expenses with a little left over for extras, just meet your basic living expenses, or don‘t even have enough to meet expenses? Live comfortably 38% A little for extras 28% Meet basic expenses 23% Don‘t meet expenses 9%

Oct.-Nov. 2006

PSRA/Pew

How often do you worry about money matters? Often 35% Sometimes 37% Rarely 17% Never 10%

Oct.-Nov. 2006

PSRA/Pew

Have you ever felt that your financial situation was out of control, or haven‘t you ever felt this way? Yes 36% No 63%

Oct.-Nov. 2006

PSRA/Pew

36

As I read each item, tell me if this is one of your household‘s regular expenses, or not? Oct.-Nov. 2006 PSRA/Pew Yes 67% 42 12 58 7 13 25 16 78 74 65 21 19 16 No 32% 57 87 41 92 86 75 84 22 26 35 79 81 83

Mortgage* A car loan A store payment plan for home furnishings or electronics A credit card payment Alimony or child support Child care School tuition A school loan Cable or satellite television Cell phone Internet service Health club or other sports facility Landscaping or lawn maintenance Housecleaning Note: * Sample is based on homeowners.

Have you ever had any unexpected expenses in the past 12 months that seriously set you back financially, or hasn‘t this happened to you? Oct.-Nov. 2006 Yes 34% PSRA/Pew No 66%

(If yes) What kind of expenses were these? Medical Cars Home and housing Life events & children: wedding, divorce, birth, death, moving Work related Travel/vacation Taxes Pets/veterinary bills 34% 24 20 9 3 2 2 1

Note: Based on those who had unexpected expenses in the past 12 months. Generally, do you pay your credit card bills in full each month or do you make a payment? Pay in full 41% Payment 53 %

Oct.-Nov. 2006

PSRA/Pew

Note: Based on those who have a credit card as a regular expense. Have you used a payday lender in the past 12 months, or not? Yes 2% No 94%

Oct.-Nov. 2006

PSRA/Pew

Have you ever used a credit consolidator to help pay off your debt, or not? Yes 7% No 92%

Oct.-Nov. 2006

PSRA/Pew

37

Have you ever had to declare bankruptcy, or hasn‘t this happened to you? Yes 10% 9 No 89% 91

May 2005 Oct.-Nov. 2006

PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew

How difficult is it for you and your family to get ahead financially these days? Is it…? Very difficult 28% Somewhat difficult 35% Not too difficult 23% Not at all difficult 12%

Oct. 2006

AP/Ipsos

Which best describes your family‘s financial situation? Are you doing okay and have extra money each month, or are you barely getting by? Doing okay 56% Barely getting by 32%

Sep. 2006

Fox/OD

Do you think your family‘s financial situation is getting better, getting worse, or staying about the same? Getting better 18% 23 Getting worse 25% 28 Staying about the same 56% 48

Jul. 2006 Mar.-Apr. 2008

CBS CBS

Do you now earn enough money to lead the kind of life you want or not? (If no) Do you think you will be able to earn enough money in the future to lead the kind of life you want, or not? Of those who responded ―no‖ Expect to earn enough in the future to lead the kind of life you want Yes Do not 34% 22% 34 28 36 25 35 36 33 20 35 20 34 20 34 18 33 24 36 20 33 23 33 21 30 23 26 19 25 19 28 23 31 19 37 16

Jan. 1992 May 1992 Aug. 1992 Oct. 1992 Mar. 1994 Feb. 1995 Jun. 1996 May 1997 Nov. 1997 Aug. -Sep. 1998 Sep.-Oct. 1999 Jan. 2001 Jun. 2002 Feb. 2004 May 2004 Jan. 2006 Sep. 2007 Jan. 2010

US News US News US News US News Times Mirror Times Mirror PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew

Yes 39% 34 33 36 44 41 44 46 41 43 42 43 43 53 51 46 46 45

No 61% 65 66 63 56 58 56 54 59 57 58 56 56 46 48 53 53 55

Note: Asked of those who are employed. (Responds were asked to select one) 1: I am making financial progress toward my long-term goals. 2: I am keeping up with monthly expenses 3: I am slowly falling behind on some of my bills. 4: I am hopelessly behind, with no chance to catch up. Making progress 41% Keeping up 41% Slowly falling behind 13% Hopelessly behind 3%

Jan. 2006

Zogby

38

(Select one) A: I am convinced that the American economy is in strong shape. B: I worry about the economy because while I have a good job and am financially secure, I know neighbors, friends, and family who are not doing so well C: Nationally, the economy may be doing well, but I am not doing well and I am concerned the immediate future. US economy in strong shape 35% Worry about economy for others 39% Concerned for myself now 15%

Jan. 2006

Zogby

Now I‘m going to read a few more pairs of statements. Again, just tell me whether the first statement or the second statement comes closer to your own views—even if neither is exactly right. The first pair…I‘m generally satisfied with the way things are going for me financially, or I‘m not very satisfied with my financial situation. Do you feel strongly about that, or not? Generally more satisfied 36% 29 37 35 59 Not very satisfied 63% 68 59 62 40

Jul. 1994 Aug. 1999 Sep. 2000 Dec. 2004 Oct. 2006

PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew

Note: Samples are adults employed full or part-time. For each statement, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. I‘m pretty well satisfied with the way things are going for me financially? Satisfied 63% 65 62 58 57 58 58 64 65 68 66 63 61 53 Not satisfied 35% 34 37 41 42 41 41 35 35 31 33 35 38 45

May 1987 May 1988 Feb. 1989 May 1990 Nov. 1991 Jun. 1992 May 1993 Jul. 1994 Nov. 1997 Sep. 1999 Aug. 2002 Aug. 2003 Dec. 2006Jan. 2007 April 2009

PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew

Note: In the Dec. 2006-Jan. 2007 poll, 81 percent of Republicans were satisfied while 54 percent of Democrats and independents were satisfied. Responses are combined. Thinking back over the past year, would you say that each of the following has—gone up a lot, gone up a little, remained about the same, gone down a little, or gone down a lot? How about…? May 2006 Gallup -----------------Over the past year-----------------Gone Remain Total gone up the same down 96% 1% * 78 72 71 60 58 57 15 25 16 24 30 28 2 1 6 2 5 4

The price you pay for a gallon of gasoline The amount you pay for home utilities such as heating/electricity/water The price you pay for food and other groceries The value of your home (asked of home owners) Your local property taxes The amount of money you pay out-of-pocket for healthcare/Rx drugs The amount you pay for health insurance coverage

39

Your state taxes Your federal income taxes Your rent (asked of renters) Your take home pay after taxes and deductions The amount of money you are able to put away in savings each month

41 37 36 32 18

39 44 51 34 33

2 8 4 19 43

How much more money per year would it take to make you happy? None/ Not happier 26 % $5,000 or Less 11% $5,00110,000 17% $10,001- $20,00120,000 50,000 17% 14% $50,001- More than 100,000 $100,000 5% 3%

Jul. 2006

Gallup

Mean (including zero): $32,629 Mean (excluding zero)*: $45,934 Median (including zero): $10,000 Median (excluding zero)*: $17,000 Note: Sample is adults employed full or part-time. * Asked of the 67 percent who said that more money would make them happy. How about next year? Do you think your financial situation twelve months from now will be better or worse than this year or will it be about the same? Better 36% Worse 11% Same as this year 50 %

Sep. 2006

LA Times/Bloomberg

Retirement Anxiety:
In April 2010, 46 percent of non-retired adults said they thought they would have enough money to live comfortably when they retired. Forty-eight percent didn’t think that was the case. In 2002, 59 percent said they would have enough money to live comfortably in retirement. More non-retired adults today say they will rely on Social Security in retirement than gave that response in 2001. Fewer say they will be able to rely on their 401Ks. Sixty-eight percent of retired adults in 2010 said they had enough money to live comfortably. In 2002, 75 percent gave that response.
Right now, do you have enough money to live comfortably, or not? When you retire, do you think you will have enough money to live comfortably, or not? Non-retired Adults ------------Right Now--------------------When you retire-------Yes, have enough No Yes, will have enough No 75% 24% 59% 32% 73 26 59 36 74 25 59 35 72 28 53 40 71 28 50 43 73 26 53 42 69 30 46 44 65 33 41 52 68 31 46 48

Apr. 2002 Apr. 2003 Apr. 2004 Apr. 2005 Apr. 2006 Apr. 2007 Apr. 2008 Apr. 2009 Apr. 2010

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup

40

Next, please tell me how concerned you are right now about each of the following financial matters, based on your current financial situation – are you very worried, moderately worried, not too worried, or not worried at all. If a particular item does not apply to you please say so. First, how worried are you about… How about— Not having enough money for retirement

Apr. 2001 Apr. 2002 Apr. 2003 Apr. 2004 Apr. 2005 Apr. 2006 Apr. 2007 Apr. 2008 Sep. 2008 Apr. 2009 Apr. 2010

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup

------------------------------Non-retired adults---------------------------------Very Moderately Not too Not worried worried worried worried at all 24% 29% 24% 19% 25 29 19 22 24 30 22 20 26 26 21 23 30 30 18 19 30 30 19 16 24 29 24 19 35 28 18 16 33 31 16 15 36 29 17 14 34 32 18 14

How much do you rely on each of the following sources of income today – is it a major source of income, a minor source of income, or not a source at all? How about…? When you retire, how much do you expect to rely on each of the following sources of money – will it be a major source of income, a minor source of income, or not a source at all? --------Rely on today-------Retired Adults Major Minor Not a source source source -58% 50 55 58 55 54 56 57 54 -22% 35 31 30 32 34 29 31 32 -18% 13 13 11 12 10 13 10 13 --Will rely on in the future-Non-retired adults Major Minor Not a source source source 28% 27 29 25 28 25 27 31 30 34 57% 56 57 56 53 51 51 53 49 46 14% 15 12 18 18 22 20 15 18 20

Gallup Social Security* Apr. 2001 Apr. 2002 Apr. 2003 Apr. 2004 Apr. 2005 Apr. 2006 Apr. 2007 Apr. 2008 Apr. 2009 Apr. 2010 A 401(k), IRA, Keogh or other retirement savings account Apr. 2001 Apr. 2002 Apr. 2003 Apr. 2004 Apr. 2005 Apr. 2006 Apr. 2007 Apr. 2008 Apr. 2009 Apr. 2010 Individual stock or mutual fund investments Apr. 2001 Apr. 2002 Apr. 2003 Apr. 2004 Apr. 2005 Apr. 2006

-19% 20 20 21 21 23 20 20 22 -15% 12 10 12 10

-23% 26 27 29 29 28 30 30 29 -31% 27 26 32 26

-56% 51 50 46 48 47 46 48 47 -52% 57 62 53 62

58% 53 47 54 49 47 52 54 42 45 24% 23 20 20 21 19

26% 28 34 28 33 31 29 29 31 31 39% 43 42 41 41 41

15% 16 17 18 17 19 17 15 25 23 36% 32 36 38 37 38

41

Apr. 2007 Apr. 2008 Apr. 2009 Apr. 2010 Money from inheritance Apr. 2001 Apr. 2002 Apr. 2003 Apr. 2004 Apr. 2005 Apr. 2006 Apr. 2007 Apr. 2008 Apr. 2009 Apr. 2010 Other savings such as a regular savings account or CDs Apr. 2001 Apr. 2002 Apr. 2003 Apr. 2004 Apr. 2005 Apr. 2006 Apr. 2007 Apr. 2008 Apr. 2009 Apr. 2010 A work-sponsored pension plan Apr. 2001 Apr. 2002 Apr. 2003 Apr. 2004 Apr. 2005 Apr. 2006 Apr. 2007 Apr. 2008 Apr. 2009 Apr. 2010 Rent and royalties Apr. 2001 Apr. 2002 Apr. 2003 Apr. 2004 Apr. 2005 Apr. 2006 Apr. 2007 Apr. 2008 Apr. 2009 Apr. 2010 Annuities or insurance plans Apr. 2001 Apr. 2002 Apr. 2003 Apr. 2004 Apr. 2005 Apr. 2006 Apr. 2007

16 11 11 14 -4% 4 3 3 3 3 6 3 3

27 29 28 24 -11% 11 11 13 14 11 8 11 10

55 58 58 61 -84% 82 85 82 82 85 85 84 85

24 17 17 20 7% 10 7 8 7 7 8 9 7 9

39 47 38 34 29% 28 31 31 28 31 28 29 24 26

35 34 43 45 63% 60 60 60 63 60 64 60 68 63

-15% 14 13 11 14 16 11 13 13 -29% 41 34 36 36 32 33 38 37 -6% 5 4 2 5 2 6 3 5 -8% 6 9 6 8 8

-33% 39 34 41 39 41 40 38 44 -16% 14 22 22 21 24 19 16 18 -13% 17 12 13 13 16 14 10 11 -21% 23 21 26 17 29

-51% 46 51 46 45 41 45 46 41 -51% 44 42 40 41 41 46 43 42 -80% 76 82 82 80 80 79 85 82 -69% 69 67 66 73 62

16% 23 19 17 18 19 23 17 20 22 34% 29 28 30 28 26 31 26 24 23 5% 8 5 5 6 6 7 6 6 6 7% 7 10 8 9 7 9

51% 50 52 52 55 51 48 53 47 48 28% 33 32 32 31 30 28 30 29 31 22% 29 27 25 24 26 24 23 23 22 34% 40 36 34 34 32 35

32% 25 27 30 27 28 28 29 31 30 37% 36 39 37 39 42 39 43 45 45 72% 60 66 69 69 66 68 68 70 71 58% 51 53 57 56 59 54

42

Apr. 2008 Apr. 2009 Apr. 2010 Part-time work Apr. 2001 Apr. 2002 Apr. 2003 Apr. 2004 Apr. 2005 Apr. 2006 Apr. 2007 Apr. 2008 Apr. 2009 Apr. 2010 The equity you have built up in your home Apr. 2002 Apr. 2003 Apr. 2004 Apr. 2005 Apr. 2006 Apr. 2007 Apr. 2008 Apr. 2009 Apr. 2010

7 8 8 -3% 1 2 6 3 3 3 1 4 18% 25 24 25 22 20 16 21 20

19 17 24 -14% 18 17 17 20 19 13 14 13 14% 15 19 19 17 25 15 17 19

72 72 66 -82% 80 80 75 77 78 83 84 82 60% 55 50 49 57 51 65 56 60

8 7 8 10% 16 13 17 18 18 21 20 22 18 24% 25 25 26 26 30 26 24 20

32 36 30 52% 51 57 50 51 50 52 49 51 53 40% 42 38 41 34 39 37 39 41

59 57 61 36% 31 29 32 30 28 27 29 27 28 33% 30 34 31 35 28 34 33 37

Note: * Difference in numbers with previous questions due to question wording; ―your major source‖ vs. ―a major source.‖ For each, please tell me how satisfied or dissatisfied you are with your current job in this regard. First, are you completely satisfied, somewhat satisfied, somewhat dissatisfied, completely dissatisfied with the retirement plan your employer offers? Completely satisfied 31% 31 29 35 36 27 31 32 34 35 Somewhat satisfied 30% 34 33 31 28 31 31 30 26 26 Somewhat dissatisfied 10% 8 10 9 10 9 12 9 11 9 Completely dissatisfied 19% 16 16 14 13 18 11 14 14 19

Aug. 1999 Aug. 2001 Aug. 2002 Aug. 2003 Aug. 2004 Aug. 2005 Aug. 2006 Aug. 2007 Aug. 2008 Aug. 2009

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup

How confident are you that you will retire with enough income and assets to last for the rest of your life – would you say you‘re very confident, somewhat confident, not so confident or not confident at all? Very confident 16% 21 33 18 30 10 15 14 Somewhat confident 29% 33 35 37 39 34 31 35 Not so confident 25% 21 10 21 16 25 22 25 Not confident at all 21% 18 12 18 13 24 26 23

Jul. 1996 Jul. 1999 Jul. 2001 Jul. 2002 Nov. 2005 Nov. 2008 Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009

ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post

43

Thinking now about retirement, please tell me how concerned you are about each of the following – very concerned, somewhat concerned, not too concerned, or not concerned at all? How about -----------------------------------Non-retired adults-------------------------------Very Somewhat Not too Not concerned concerned concerned concerned at all

Gallup/USA Today Not having enough money to live comfortably in retirement Jun. 2006 Losing a sense of purpose in your life after you stop working Jun. 2006 Running out of money before you die Jun. 2006

42%

32%

16%

10%

20 40

13 26

29 20

35 14

How concerned are you about not having enough money for retirement – very concerned, somewhat concerned, or not at all concerned? Very concerned 38% 43 49 Somewhat concerned 37% 39 33 Not at all concerned 24% 17 18

Feb. 2007 Mar-Apr. 2008 Apr. 2009

CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT

Looking ahead to your retirement, how confident are you that you will have enough money to live comfortably in retirement? Very confident 10% 13 Somewhat confident 35% 38 Not too confident 22% 22 Not at all confident 31% 25

Feb. 2009 Apr. 2009

AP/Roper GfK AP/Roper GfK

Looking ahead to your retirement, how confident are you that you will have the financial resources to live comfortably during your retirement? ----------------------------Non-retired adults-----------------------Very Somewhat Not too Not at all confident confident confident confident 29% 36% 19% 15%

Feb. 2005

AP/Ipsos

How do your current living expenses in retirement compare with what you expected? ------------------------------Retired Adults------------------------------Much Slightly Same as Slightly Much higher higher expected lower lower 14% 22% 45% 10% 8%

May-Jun. 2006

WSJ/Harris Interactive

How do your current living expenses in retirement compare with what you expected? Higher than I expected 31% About the same as I expected 47% Lower than I expected 22%

Sep. 2007

WSJ/Harris Interactive

Note: Sample is retired adults. How much do you currently rely on Social Security--as your main source of income, as a minor source of income, or not at all? Main source of income Minor source of income Not at all Jan. 2005 Gallup/CNN/USA Today 44% 40% 14% Note: Sample is retired adults.

44

When you retire, how much do you expect to rely on Social Security as your main source of income, a minor source of income, or not at all? --------Retired adults-------Main Minor Not a source source Source ------44% 40% 14% ------Non-retired adults-----Main Minor Not a source source source 17% 58% 23% 17 55 26 18 57 24

Jul. 1998 Aug. 2000 Jan. 2005

Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today

What is your major source of income--Social Security, an employer-sponsored pension plan, or your own retirement savings? Looking ahead to your retirement, what do you expect to be your major source of income – Social Security, an employer-sponsored pension plan, or your own retirement savings? -------------Retired Adults-------------Social Employer Own Security sponsored retirement pension savings ---------45% 23% 24% 46 25 17 39 20 25 --------------Non-retired adults-----------Social Employer Own Security sponsored retirement pension savings 22% 30% 39% 15 23 56 16 24 52 17 22 55 20 19 53 20 29 45

Mar. 1995 Feb. 2001 Jan. 2002 Jan. 2005 Feb. 2005 Jun. 2005

CBS/NYT CBS CBS CBS/NYT PSRA/Pew CBS/NYT

In the last 12 months, as a result of bad economic conditions, have you taken money out of any savings account, including retirement savings, in order to make ends meet, or haven‘t you taken money out of savings? Yes 44% No 54%

Jul. 2010

CBS

At what age would you like to retire? Mar. 2008 50 or younger 51-55 56-59 60-64 65-69 70 and older CNN/ORC 11% 16 4 30 28 10

Note: Sample is those who are currently employed. (Follow up question) Do you think you will be able to retire at that age, or do you think you will have to continue working? Retire at that age Continue working 44% 56% Note: Responses are of those who picked an age they would like to retire at from the previous question. Which source do you think will provide you and your spouse with the largest share of income in retirement…? (nonretired adults) Which source provides you and your spouse with the largest share of income in retirement …? (retired adults) 2005 Retirement Confidence Survey (Workers) Will provide your largest share of income 21% (Retirees) Provides your largest share of income 3%

Workplace retirement savings plan Personal savings or investments that are not in a

45

work-related retirement plan Social Security Employer-provided pension Employment Sale or refinancing of your home Inheritance A lump-sum distribution from an employer-provided cash balance or defined benefit plan Support from children or other family members Don‘t know/refused

18 18 16 14 3 3 2 1 4

10 45 26 3 1 3 1 3 7

Note: Married couples were asked, ―you and your spouse with the largest…?‖ When you reach retirement age, do you plan to work full-time, work part-time or not work at all? ---------------------Non-retired adults------------------Work full-time Work part-time Not at all 12% 51% 35%

Jun. 2006

Gallup/USA Today

(Of those who plan to work) Is this because you will need the money, or mainly because you would still enjoy working? Need the money 30% Enjoy working 67%

Health Cost Anxiety
Americans are worried about health care costs. In 2009 in Kaiser Family Foundation surveys around three in ten said they or a family member had had trouble in the past 12 months paying a health care bill. In June 2010, 21 percent gave that response. Around two in ten said they had skipped a test in the June 2010 survey; three in ten said they had skipped dental care.

In the past 12 months, did you or another family member in your houseful have any problems paying medical bills, or not? Yes No Mar. 2002 Kaiser Family Foundation 21% 79% Apr. 2005 Kaiser Family Foundation 23 77 Sept. 2006 Kaiser Family Foundation 25 75 Oct. 2008 Kaiser Family Foundation 32 68 Feb. 2009 Kaiser Family Foundation 22 78 Apr. 2009 Kaiser Family Foundation 26 73 Jun. 2009 Kaiser Family Foundation 26 73 Jul. 2009 Kaiser Family Foundation 21 79 Aug. 2009 Kaiser Family Foundation 24 76 Sept. 2009 Kaiser Family Foundation 33 67 Nov. 2009 Kaiser Family Foundation 31 69 Dec. 2009 Kaiser Family Foundation 30 70 Mar. 2010 Kaiser Family Foundation 30 69 Jun. 2010 Kaiser Family Foundation 21 78 Over the past 12 months, has there been a time when you have been unable to afford necessary health care for yourself or a family member, or not? Yes 25% 26 No 75% 74

Oct. 2004 Dec. 2006-Jan. 2007

PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew

Note: Forty-one percent of African Americans say they have been unable to afford necessary health care for themselves or a family member over the past 12 months. Twenty-three percent of whites said the same thing.

46

In the past 12 months, have you or another family member living in your household______ because of the cost, or not? Kaiser Family Foundation Skipped a recommended medical test or treatment Jan. 2000 15% 85% Apr. 2005 17 82 Apr. 2008 23 76 Oct. 2008 31 68 Feb. 2009 23 77 Apr. 2009 27 73 Jun. 2009 27 73 Jul. 2009 21 78 Sept. 2009 28 71 Nov. 2009 22 78 Dec. 2009 23 76 Mar. 2010 28 72 Jun. 2010 22 78 Not filled a prescription for a medicine Jan. 2000 13 87 Apr. 2005 20 79 Apr. 2008 22 78 Oct. 2008 27 72 Feb. 2009 21 78 Apr. 2009 29 71 Jun. 2009 26 74 Jul. 2009 20 80 Sept. 2009 26 73 Nov. 2009 26 74 Dec. 2009 24 76 Mar. 2010 26 74 Jun. 2010 20 79 Cut pills in half or skipped doses of medicine Apr. 2005 16 84 Apr. 2008 18 81 Oct. 2008 22 78 Feb. 2009 15 85 Apr. 2009 18 81 Jun. 2009 19 80 Jul. 2009 15 84 Sept. 2009 21 78 Nov. 2009 17 83 Dec. 2009 18 81 Mar. 2010 21 79 Jun. 2010 16 84 Had problems getting mental health care Jan. 2000 4 96 Apr. 2005 7 93 Apr. 2008 8 90 Oct. 2008 Feb. 2009 Apr. 2009 Jun. 2009 Jul. 2009 Sept. 2009 Nov. 2009 Dec. 2009 Mar. 2010 Jun. 2010 12 7 8 8 7 9 6 10 10 9 87 92 90 91 92 90 92 89 89 90

Put off or postponed getting health care you needed Mar. 2008 29 70 Oct. 2009 36 64 Feb. 2009 27 72 Apr. 2009 33 67 Jun. 2009 31 68 Jul. 2009 27 72 Sept. 2009 33 67 Nov. 2009 30 69 Dec. 2009 29 71 Mar. 2010 30 69 Jun. 2010 26 73 Skipped dental care or checkups Feb. 2009 34 66 Apr. 2009 36 64 Jun. 2009 35 64 Jul. 2009 29 71 Sept. 2009 35 65 Nov. 2009 34 65 Dec. 2009 31 69 Mar. 2010 35 64 Jun. 2010 31 69 Relied on home remedies or over the counter drugs instead of going to see a doctor Feb. 2009 35 65 Apr. 2009 42 57 Jun. 2009 37 63 Jul. 2009 33 67 Sept. 2009 44 56 Nov. 2009 34 66 Dec. 2009 34 66 Mar. 2010 39 61 Jun. 2010 28 71

Within the last twelve months, have you or a member of your family put off any sort of medical treatment because of the cost you would have to pay? Yes 22% 19 25 24 26 No 77% 81 75 76 74

Jan. 1991 Nov. 2001 Nov. 2002 Nov. 2003 Nov. 2004

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup

47

Nov. 2005 Nov. 2006 Nov. 2007 Nov. 2008 Nov. 2009

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup

28 30 30 29 29

71 69 70 70 71

In the past 12 months, have you had any problems paying medical bills, or not? Yes 20% 22 22 No 79% 78 77

Apr. 2006 Apr. 2007 Mar. 2008

Harvard/Robert Wood Johnson/ICR Harvard/Robert Wood Johnson/ICR Harvard/Robert Wood Johnson/ICR

Was there a time over the past 12 months when you or another family member living in your household needed medical care, but did not get it? Yes 16% 17 17 No 84% 83 82

Apr. 2006 Apr. 2007 Mar. 2008

Harvard/Robert Wood Johnson/ICR Harvard/Robert Wood Johnson/ICR Harvard/Robert Wood Johnson/ICR

-- (If yes) Was it mainly for financial reasons or some other reasons? Yes 79% 80 No 21% 20

Apr. 2006 Apr. 2007

Harvard/Robert Wood Johnson/ICR Harvard/Robert Wood Johnson/ICR

Please tell me whether you are confident, somewhat confident, not too confident, or not confident at all about each of the following? Mar. 2009 CNN/ORC Very/somewhat Confident Your ability to pay your bills if someone in your family has a major medical emergency The chances that no one in your household will lose health insurance coverage in the next six months How concerned are you, if at all, about . . . ? Dec. 2008 ABC/Wash Post Very concerned Being unable to afford necessary health care when a family member gets sick Being able to heat your home this winter Not having enough money to pay your rent or mortgage 33% 16 21 Somewhat concerned 20% 20 16 Not so concerned 17% 20 16 Not concerned at all 29% 43 41 64% 78 Not too/Not confident at all 36% 21

In the past year, have you or another family member living in your household _________ because of the cost or not? Apr. 2008 Kaiser Family Foundation Have 24% 23 19 8 29 Have not 76% 76 80 90 70

Skipped a recommended medical test or treatment Not filled a prescription for a medicine Cut pills in half or skipped doses of medicine Had problems getting mental health care Put off or postponed getting health care you needed

48

How much of a problem is it for you or your family to pay for prescription medicines that you need? A problem but not serious 25% Not much of a problem 58%

Mar. 2008

KFF/Harvard/USA Today

Serious problem 16%

<$25,000 Serious problem for you and your family to pay for drugs Last 2 years, ever not filled a prescription because of the cost Last 2 years, ever skipped doses or cut pills in half Have insurance that helps pay for drugs Usually talk to doctor about cost of medicine Self or family member ever applied for a discount from a pharmaceutical company 29% 40 31 63 57 29

$25,000$49,999 19% 33 28 78 47 15

$50,000$74,999 13% 28 19 88 37 13

$75,000+ 5% 1 14 95 34 8

Right now, are you or is anyone in your household staying in a job they want to leave mainly because of fear of losing your health coverage or not? Yes No Oct. 2007 LA Times/Bloomberg 13% 86% What about the health care you receive? Are you generally satisfied or dissatisfied with the quality of the health care you receive? Would you say you are very satisfied/dissatisfied or somewhat satisfied/dissatisfied? ---------------------Quality of Health Care You Receive-------------------Very Somewhat Somewhat Very satisfied satisfied dissatisfied dissatisfied 41% 36% 8% 12%

Feb. 2007

CBS/NYT

Are you satisfied or dissatisfied with your health care costs, both expenses not covered by insurance and the cost of your insurance if any? Would you say you are very satisfied/dissatisfied or somewhat satisfied/dissatisfied? ----------------------------Health Care Costs--------------------------------Very Somewhat Somewhat Very satisfied satisfied dissatisfied dissatisfied 20% 23% 19% 33%

Feb. 2007

CBS/NYT

How concerned are you about the health care costs you and your family might face in the coming years – very concerned, somewhat concerned, or not at all concerned? Very concerned 52% 59 Somewhat concerned 37% 27 Not at all concerned 10% 14

Feb. 2007 Mar.-Apr. 2008

CBS/NYT CBS/NYT

How concerned are you about the possibility that you will have major health care bills in the next few years – very concerned, somewhat concerned, or not at all concerned? Very concerned 36% Somewhat concerned 43% Not at all concerned 20%

Feb. 2007

CBS/NYT

In general, how concerned are you about not having enough money to pay for your current health care costs – very concerned, somewhat concerned, or not at all concerned? Very concerned 26% 42 Somewhat concerned 38% 29 Not at all concerned 35 28

Feb. 2007 Mar-Apr. 2008

CBS/NYT CBS/NYT

49

In recent years, has the employer of you or anyone in your household cut back on health care benefits or made the wage earner pay more for those benefits? Yes 49% No 46%

Feb. 2007

CBS/NYT

Note: Sample is those with health insurance. In the past 12 months have you put off any major purchases because of the cost of health care? Yes 24% No 76%

Feb. 2007

CBS/NYT

In the past 12 months, was there any time when you or anyone in your household had no health insurance of any kind? Yes 20% No 79%

Feb. 2007

CBS NYT

Note: Sample is those with health insurance. Thinking back over the past year, would you say that each of the following has—gone up a lot, gone up a little, remained about the same, gone down a little, or gone down a lot? How about…? May 2006 Gallup ------------------Over the past year-----------------Gone Remain Total gone up the same down 96% 1% * 78 72 71 60 58 57 41 37 36 32 18 15 25 16 24 30 28 39 44 51 34 33 2% 1 6 2 5 4 2 8 4 19 43

The price you pay for a gallon of gasoline The amount you pay for home utilities such as heating/electricity/water The price you pay for food and other groceries The value of your home (asked of home owners) Your local property taxes The amount of money you pay out-of-pocket for healthcare/Rx drugs The amount you pay for health insurance coverage Your state taxes Your federal income taxes Your rent (asked of renters) Your take home pay after taxes and deductions The amount of money you are able to put away in savings each month Mar. 2008 Gallup

The value of your home The amount of money you are able to put away in savings each month

------------------Over the past year-----------------Gone Remain Total gone up the same down 34% 25% 35% 13 35 48

I‘m going to read you a list of things that some people worry about and others do not. I‘d like you to tell me how worried you are about each of the followings. How worried are you about …? Are you very worried, somewhat worried, not too worried, or not at all worried? Kaiser Family Foundation -----------------------------------Right now--------------------------------Very Somewhat Not too Not at all worried worried worried worried Having to pay more for your health care or health insurance^ Feb. 2004

47%

31%

10%

12%

50

Oct. 2005 Feb. 2006 May-Jun. 2007 Oct. 2007 Nov. -Dec. 2007 Feb. 2008 (Registered voters) Apr. 2008 Sep. 2008 Oct. 2008 Feb. 2009 Apr. 2009 Jul. 2009 Dec. 2009 Mar. 2010 Jun. 2010 Your health plan being more concerned about saving money for the plan than about what is the best treatment for you^ Feb. 2004 Oct. 2005 Feb. 2006 May-Jun. 2007 Oct. 2007 Nov. -Dec. 2007 Apr. 2008 Sep. 2008 Oct. 2008 Not being able to afford the health care services you think you need Feb. 2004 Oct. 2005 Feb. 2006 Mar.-Apr. 2006# Black men Black women White men White women May-Jun. 2007 Oct. 2007 Nov.-Dec. 2007 Apr. 2008 Sep. 2008 Oct. 2008 Feb. 2009 Apr. 2009 Jul. 2009 Dec. 2009 Mar. 2010 Jun. 2010 The quality of health care services you receive getting worse Feb. 2004 Oct. 2005 Feb. 2006 May-Jun. 2007 Oct. 2007 Nov.-Dec. 2007 Apr. 2008 Sep. 2008

40 38 41 39 41 34 37 34 38 45 37 31 41 39 38

32 33 34 34 32 33 34 33 34 32 35 38 34 35 33

12 11 14 13 13 17 11 15 13 14 16 17 13 12 14

16 17 11 13 13 13 17 17 14 9 11 13 12 13 13

35% 30 27 31 32 33 28 24 27

32% 31 35 33 34 34 33 33 32

15 16 15 18 16 16 16 19 16

15 20 21 16 16 14 21 23 23

38% 34 32 23 38 37 21 16 36 34 35 29 28 31 38 34 34 32 29 31

24% 27 25 27 22 21 27 29 27 28 30 26 28 29 29 32 28 30 28 30

18% 15 18 20 17 17 20 22 19 17 15 19 20 17 18 20 21 17 19 19

19% 24 24 29 24 24 32 32 18 20 13 25 24 23 15 14 17 20 22 19

29% 28 27 32 29 33 26 24

29% 28 31 28 30 29 30 28

19% 18 16 19 18 17 18 22

22% 24 24 20 20 19 24 26

51

Oct. 2008 Not being able to afford the prescription drugs you need Feb. 2004 Oct. 2005 Feb. 2006 May-Jun. 2007 Oct. 2007 Apr. 2008 Sep. 2008 Oct. 2008 Jul. 2009 Dec. 2009 Mar. 2010 Jun. 2010 Losing your health insurance coverage^ Feb. 2004 Oct. 2005 Feb. 2006 May-Jun. 2007 Oct. 2007 Nov.-Dec. 2007 Apr. 2008 Sep. 2008 Oct. 2008 Feb. 2009 Mar. 2009 Jul. 2009 Dec. 2009 Mar. 2010 Jun. 2010 Having to stay in your current job instead of taking a new job for fear of losing health benefits* Feb. 2004 Oct. 2005 Feb. 2006 May-Jun. 2007 Oct. 2007 Apr. 2008 Sep. 2008 Oct. 2008 Dec. 2009 Mar. 2010 Jun. 2010 You or a family member getting HIV or AIDS Mar.-Apr. 2006 Black men Black women White men White women

26

27

21

25

36% 32 28 33 31 27 27 25 27 27 28 26

23% 21 22 23 25 23 22 24 25 29 24 26

18% 17 18 22 18 17 20 20 25 21 19 22

22% 30 30 22 26 32 31 31 22 24 28 25

32% 27 26 34 29 29 26 23 29 34 30 29 26 24 26

19% 22 19 20 21 22 19 20 20 20 27 23 28 24 24

19% 19 21 20 19 21 19 22 19 22 22 24 20 18 26

29% 33 34 25 30 27 35 35 31 24 21 22 26 32 23

17% 12 14 17 14 13 16 14 19 14 12

14% 16 15 14 18 16 14 17 23 17 18

16% 19 19 24 21 19 22 21 24 21 27

51% 51 51 45 46 50 47 47 34 47 41

11% 34 30 5 8

16% 18 16 13 16

25% 19 24 27 23

47% 28 30 54 54

Note: * Question asked of those who are employed. ^ Question asked of those who are insured. # Wording changed to not getting the healthcare you need.‖

52

Next, please tell me how concerned you are right now about each of the following financial matters, based on your current financial situation – are you very worried, moderately worried, not too worried, or not worried at all. If a particular item does not apply to you please say so. First, how worried are you about… How about— Very worried Not being able to pay medical costs for normal health care Apr. 2001 Gallup Apr. 2002 Gallup Apr. 2003 Gallup Apr. 2004 Gallup Apr. 2005 Gallup Apr. 2006 Gallup Apr. 2007 Gallup Apr. 2008 Gallup Dec. 2008 Gallup Apr. 2009 Gallup Apr. 2010 Gallup Not being able to pay medical costs in the event of a serious illness or accident Apr. 2001 Gallup Apr. 2002 Gallup Apr. 2003 Gallup Apr. 2004 Gallup Apr. 2005 Gallup Apr. 2006 Gallup Apr. 2007 Gallup Apr. 2008 Gallup Apr. 2009 Gallup Apr. 2010 Gallup Moderately worried Not too worried Not worried at all

22% 18 17 21 23 23 21 23 24 26 22

22% 17 20 16 19 22 15 21 22 20 26

24% 26 24 24 24 26 31 24 24 28 27

31% 36 36 36 32 27 30 29 27 26 21

27% 21 24 26 30 33 28 34 34 33

23% 24 22 21 22 21 21 22 24 28

24% 25 23 24 25 21 27 20 22 20

25% 28 29 27 22 22 23 21 18 17

Housing Anxiety
In an April 2010 Gallup poll, 38 percent were very or moderately worried about not being able to pay their rent, mortgage, or other housing costs. Kaiser’s responses have been a little higher. In their June 2010 poll, 47 percent said they were very or moderately worried about not being able to pay the rent or mortgage. Jobs and rising prices are a much bigger concern for Americans than declining real estate values.

Next, please tell me how concerned you are right now about each of the following financial matters, based on your current financial situation – are you very worried, moderately worried, not too worried, or not worried at all. If a particular item does not apply to you please say so. First, how worried are you about… How about— Very worried Not being able to pay your rent, mortgage or other housing costs Apr. 2001 Apr. 2002 Apr. 2003 Apr. 2004 Apr. 2005 Apr. 2006 Apr. 2007 Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup 10% 8 11 11 10 11 11 14% 14 14 13 13 16 15 28% 26 27 26 30 29 31 44% 47 43 42 43 37 38 Moderately worried Not too worried Not at all worried

53

Apr. 2008 Apr. 2009 Apr. 2010

Gallup Gallup Gallup

18 17 18

18 18 20

24 26 28

35 33 28

I‘m going to read you a list of things that some people worry about and others do not. I‘d like you to tell me how worried you are about each of the following. How worried are you about …? Are you very worried, somewhat worried, not too worried, or not at all worried? Not being able to pay your rent or mortgage Very worried 27% 22 23 25 24 27 21 21 25 29 22 25 25 Moderately worried 16% 20 17 19 19 20 18 20 21 25 23 19 22 Not too worried 19% 19 19 20 19 19 19 21 16 19 21 19 22 Not worried at all 37% 39 41 34 37 33 41 39 36 25 34 36 30

Feb. 2004 Oct. 2005 Feb. 2006 May-Jun. 2007 Oct. 2007 Nov.-Dec. 2007 Apr. 2008 Sep. 2008 Oct. 2008 Jul. 2009 Dec. 2009 Mar. 2010 Jun. 2010

KFF KFF KFF KFF KFF KFF KFF KFF KFF KFF KFF KFF KFF

(If own a home) At any time within the last 12 months did you fall behind in paying your mortgage? Yes, fell behind 7% No 90 %

Feb.-Mar. 2009

Quinnipiac

In the last 12 months, as a result of bad economic conditions, have you been threatened with foreclosure or eviction for not paying your mortgage or rent, or haven‘t you? Yes, and lost home 2% Yes, but didn‘t lost home 6%

Jul. 2010

CBS

No 91%

(If own a home) How concerned are you, if at all, about not having enough money to pay your mortgage - very concerned, somewhat concerned, not too concerned, or not at all concerned about this? Very concerned 15% Somewhat concerned 21% Not too concerned 18% Not at all concerned 42%

Feb.-Mar. 2009

Quinnipiac

How concerned are you, if at all, about not having enough money to pay your rent or mortgage – very concerned, somewhat concerned, not too concerned, or not at all concerned about this? Very concerned 21% 24 Somewhat concerned 16% 22 Not too concerned 16% 17 Not at all concerned 41% 33

Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009

ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post

How concerned are you about being able to pay your housing costs—very concerned, somewhat concerned, not very concerned, or not at all concerned? Very concerned 24% Somewhat concerned 36% Not very concerned 19% Not at all concerned 22%

Jan. 2009

CBS/NYT

54

As you may know, in many areas of the country, home values have declined over the last year. How much has the decline in home values affected you personally – a lot, some, not much, or not at all? A lot 17% Some 22% Not much 23% Not at all 38%

Jan. 2009

CBS/NYT

Do you personally have any close friends or relatives who have filed for bankruptcy or have had a foreclosure during the past year, or not? Yes 22% 27 No 78% 73

Mar. 2008 Jan. 2009

CBS/NYT CBS/NYT

At any time within the last 12 months did you fall behind in paying your rent or mortgage? Yes, fell behind 9% 7 15 No 91% 93 85

Feb. 1991 Jan. 2005 Dec. 2008

NORC/GSS NORC/GSS ABC/Wash Post

Do you currently rent your home, or are you buying it with a mortgage, or is it entirely paid for? Rent 25% 28 25 21 21 22 25 22 23 Mortgage 39% 45 46 48 49 50 45 46 47 Paid for 34% 25 25 28 28 26 25 29 25

Nov. 1990 Mar. 2005 Jun. 2005 Dec. 2006 Feb. 2008 Sep. 2008 Oct. 2008 Jan. 2009 Feb. 2009

CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT

--(Among those who have mortgage) How concerned are you about not being able to pay your mortgage very concerned, somewhat concerned, or not at all concerned Very concerned 13% Somewhat concerned 24% Not at all concerned 63%

Feb. 2008

CBS/NYT

How concerned are you about being able to pay your housing costs – very concerned, somewhat concerned, or not at all concerned Very concerned 31% Somewhat concerned 38% Not at all concerned 30%

Mar.-Apr. 2008

CBS /NYT

Do you think what you are currently paying for housing is more than you can afford, about as much as you can afford, or could you afford more if you wanted? More than I can afford 10% 13 As much as I can afford 56% 56 Could afford more 31% 25

Apr. 1991 Mar.-Apr. 2008

CBS/NYT CBS/NYT

First, what, if anything, worries you most about your personal financial situation in the . . . ? Sep. 2007 Gallup Worry about my personal financial situation in the Short-term Long-term 11% 7% 9 13

Income is not enough to meet expenses Health insurance/cost of healthcare

55

Job security concerns/possible loss of job Rising cost of living/inflation Housing costs College expenses Taxes Debt (non-specific) Social Security benefits Stock market downturn/crash Recession Paying mortgage/rent Gas prices Interest rates Energy/home heating prices Credit card debt Retirement savings/retirement income

7 6 4 4 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 1 1 --

3 7 4 6 3 2 8 4 3 -----18

Note: Wordings slightly varied between short term and long term. Have you ever had any unexpected expenses in the past 12 months that seriously set you back financially, or hasn‘t this happened to you? Yes 34% No 66 %

Oct.-Nov. 2006

PSRA/Pew

(If yes) What kind of expenses were these? Medical Cars Home and housing Life events & children: wedding, divorce, birth, death, moving Work related Travel/vacation Taxes Pets/veterinary bills 34% 24 20 9 3 2 2 1

Note: Based on those who had unexpected expenses in the past 12 months. Which one or two of the following elements of the economy, if any, concerns you the most? Jul. 2007 NBC/WSJ 44% 34 22 17 16 15 14

The cost of health care Jobs going overseas The gap between the rich and the poor The cost of higher education The federal budget deficit Lack of good-paying jobs The cost of housing

As I read each item, tell me if this is one of your household‘s regular expenses, or not? Oct.-Nov. 2006 PSRA/Pew Yes 67% 42 12 58 7 No 32% 57 87 41 92

Mortgage* A car loan A store payment plan for home furnishings or electronics A credit card payment Alimony or child support

56

Child care School tuition A school loan Cable or satellite television Cell phone Internet service Health club or other sports facility Landscaping or lawn maintenance Housecleaning Note: * Sample is based on homeowners.

13 25 16 78 74 65 21 19 16

86 75 84 22 26 35 79 81 83

Now I‘d like to ask something a little bit different. Which of the following economic concerns worry you the most? Mar. 2006 EPI/GQR 36% 21 18 12 4

Facing major unexpected medical expenses Losing your job Seeing the value of your stocks and retirement savings drop Being unable to keep up with mortgage and credit card payments Seeing the value of your home level off or decline

To begin, I‘d like you to think about you and your family‘s economic security. By economic security I mean your security in being able to keep your job, maintain your income, have health insurance coverage, and retire comfortably. Overall how worried are you about ________? Feb. 2007 Rockefeller Foundation/Yankelovich Very worried 12% 13 16 5 13 21 10 10 8 17 7 24 18 28 Fairly worried 12% 9 9 3 7 9 3 5 6 8 4 11 11 12 Slightly worried 29% 18 19 14 21 26 12 17 17 20 14 25 28 25 Not worried at all 46% 60 54 76 59 43 75 67 69 55 75 40 43 35

Your economic security Paying your rent Buying a home Paying your mortgage Getting out of debt Having enough money to retire on Paying for child care Caring for a parent financially Losing your job Finding a job Having enough money to put food on the table Paying for your children‘s education Keeping up with the cost of living Paying for your children‘s college Education

For the following list, please tell me how worried you are that this might happen to you personally. Public Opinion Strategies (R)/Greenberg, Quinlan, Rosner (D) Very worried Being the victim of a violent crime like rape or assault 11% Getting cancer 18 Losing your house in a natural disaster like an earthquake, fire, tornado, or hurricane 11 Somewhat worried 24% 32 Apr. 2006 Not too worried 30% 22 Not at all worried 33% 24

27

27

35

57

Being hurt or killed in a major terrorist attack, similar to September 11th Being the victim of identity theft Not having enough money to pay all your bills Not being able to have a secure retirement Having to file for bankruptcy Falling deep into debt because of medical expenses Falling deep into debt from paying high interest rates on your mortgage

11 21 19 30 8 15

22 48 29 26 8 29

26 17 19 16 22 25

40 14 32 25 61 30

10

13

19

55

Home Values
As you think about your own financial situation, which of the following economic issues worries you most right now? PSRA/Pew Worries me the most Rising prices Mar. 2008 Oct. 2008 Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 Mar. 2009 June. 2009 Aug. 2009 Sept./Oct. 2009 Problems in the financial markets Mar. 2008 Oct. 2008 Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 Mar. 2009 Jun. 2010 Aug. 2009 Sept./Oct. 2009 The job situation Mar. 2008 Oct. 2008 Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 Mar. 2009 Jun. 2009 Aug. 2009 Sept./Oct. 2009 Declining real estate values Mar. 2008 Oct. 2008 Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 Mar. 2009 Jun. 2009 Aug. 2009 Sept./Oct. 2009 49% 38 31 21 22 29 26 27

14% 31 29 21 21 15 14 14

19% 18 26 45 42 42 44 46

12% 8 9 9 10 8 9 7

58

Here are a number of events that have happened in the past several months. For each one, please tell me how much this has affected you personally–a great deal, quite a bit, just some, or not at all? NBC/WSJ Great deal The slowdown in the economy Jan. 2001 Jan. 2009 The decline in the stock market Jan. 2001 Jan. 2009 The decrease in home values Jan. 2009 12% 22 Quite a bit 12% 20 Just some 40% 42 Not at all 36% 16

16% 22

13% 16

29% 30

41% 31

14%

11%

27%

47%

What‘s your impression about the real estate market in your area? Over the past year, have home prices gone up a lot, gone up a little, gone down a little, gone down a lot? Gone up a lot 28% 28 20 19 11 8 Gone up a little 22% 18 13 14 11 13 Gone down a little 25% 23 32 29 33 35 Gone down a lot 15% 18 24 25 34 31

Sep. 2007 Feb. 2008 Jul. 2008 Oct. 2008 Dec. 2008 Sept./Oct. 2009

PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew

Thinking back over the past year, would you say that each of the following has—gone up a lot, gone up a little, remained about the same, gone down a little, or gone down a lot? How about…? May 2006 Gallup -----------------Over the past year-----------------Gone Remain Total gone up the same down 96% 1% * 78 72 71 60 58 57 41 37 36 32 18 15 25 16 24 30 28 39 44 51 34 33 2% 1 6 2 5 4 2 8 4 19 43

The price you pay for a gallon of gasoline The amount you pay for home utilities such as heating/electricity/water The price you pay for food and other groceries The value of your home (asked of home owners) Your local property taxes The amount of money you pay out-of-pocket for healthcare/Rx drugs The amount you pay for health insurance coverage Your state taxes Your federal income taxes Your rent (asked of renters) Your take home pay after taxes and deductions The amount of money you are able to put away in savings each month Mar. 2008 Gallup

The value of your home The amount of money you are able to put away in savings each month

-----------------Over the past year-----------------Gone Remain Total gone up the same down 34% 25% 35% 13 35 48

59

Reuters/University of Michigan Survey of Consumer Data --------------------------Evaluations of Trends in Home Prices Among Homeowners---------------------------Change in Home Value in the Past Year Expected annual change in value of home… During the year ahead During the next five years Decrease Increase Decrease Increase Decrease Increase 2007 Q2 17% 49% 14% 35% 7% 65% 2007 Q3 21 44 17 33 9 66 2007 Q4 29 35 22 25 9 63 Jan. 2008 29 29 20 23 9 60 Is your home now worth more or less than it was worth when you bought it? More 82% Less 11%

Mar. 2008

CNN/ORC

Note: Asked of homeowners. Is your home now worth more or less than it was five years ago? More 70% Less 18%

Mar. 2008

CNN/ORC

Note: Asked of homeowners. Has the value of your home increased or decreased over the past few years? Would you say it has increased a little or increased a lot/decreased a little or decreased a lot? Increased a little 25% Increased a lot 42% Decreased a little 11% Decreased a lot 10 %

Jan.-Feb. 2008

PSRA/Pew

Note: Asked of homeowners.

Comparative Anxiety
Here we show a variety of questions about things people worry about from being a victim of crime or of a terrorist attack to losing health insurance. The Kaiser Family Foundation/Harvard polling team asks about being “very” or “somewhat” worried, and Gallup asks about being “very” or “moderately” worried. These produce some differences in responses.
(Kaiser Family Foundation) I‘m going to read you a list of things that some people worry about and others do not. I‘d like you to tell me how worried you are about each of the followings. How worried are you about…? Are you very worried, somewhat worried, not too worried, or not at all worried? (Gallup) Next, please tell me how concerned you are right now about each of the following financial matters, based on your current financial situation – are you very worried, moderately worried, not too worried, or not worried at all. If a particular item does not apply to you please say so. First, how worried are you about… How about— Very worried Your income not keeping up with rising prices Feb. 2004 KFF Oct. 2005 KFF Feb. 2006 KFF May-Jun. 2007 KFF Oct. 2007 KFF Feb. 2008* KFF Apr. 2008 KFF Somewhat worried Not too worried Not at all worried

40% 40 36 45 41 39 43

29% 30 32 30 30 33 31

14% 13 14 12 14 16 11

16% 16 17 13 14 10 14

60

Sept. 2008 KFF Oct. 2008 KFF Feb. 2009 KFF Apr. 2009 KFF Jul. 2009 KFF Dec. 2009 KFF Mar. 2010 KFF Jun. 2010 KFF Note: * Sample is registered voters. Not having enough money to pay your bills Mar.-Apr. 2006 KFF Black men Black women White men White women

41 47 53 46 37 40 40 40

32 32 28 32 35 32 33 32

13 10 12 13 17 16 13 15

13 11 8 9 12 12 13 13

19% 33 31 12 15 Very worried

32% 26 30 32 32 Moderately worried

21% 18 20 22 24 Not too worried

28 % 22 19 34 28 Not worried at all

Not having enough to pay your normal monthly bills Apr. 2001 Apr. 2002 Apr. 2003 Apr. 2004 Apr. 2005 Apr. 2006 Apr. 2007 Apr. 2008 Sep. 2008 Apr. 2009 Apr. 2010

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup

12% 11 12 12 13 14 14 20 20 19 18

20% 19 18 20 17 24 19 24 24 25 26

29% 27 29 28 32 30 32 25 24 26 28

39% 42 40 39 37 30 34 30 30 28 26

Not being able to make the minimum payments on your credit cards Apr. 2001 Gallup Apr. 2002 Gallup Apr. 2003 Gallup Apr. 2004 Gallup Apr. 2005 Gallup Apr. 2006 Gallup Apr. 2007 Gallup Apr. 2008 Gallup Sep. 2008 Gallup Apr. 2009 Gallup Apr. 2010 Gallup Not being able to pay your rent, mortgage or other housing costs Apr. 2001 Gallup Apr. 2002 Gallup Apr. 2003 Gallup Apr. 2004 Gallup Apr. 2005 Gallup Apr. 2006 Gallup Apr. 2007 Gallup Apr. 2008 Gallup Apr. 2009 Gallup Apr. 2010 Gallup

9% 7 7 7 7 9 9 11 13 10 11

9% 8 9 10 9 8 9 12 12 13 13

22% 21 21 22 22 24 23 19 19 20 21

41% 48 47 46 45 41 41 42 39 37 37

10% 8 11 11 10 11 11 18 17 18

14% 14 14 13 13 16 15 18 18 20

28% 26 27 26 30 29 31 24 26 28

44% 47 43 42 43 37 38 35 33 28

61

Not being able to maintain the standard of living you enjoy Apr. 2001 Gallup Apr. 2002 Gallup Apr. 2003 Gallup Apr. 2004 Gallup Apr. 2005 Gallup Apr. 2006 Gallup Apr. 2007 Gallup Apr. 2008 Gallup Sep. 2008 Gallup Apr. 2009 Gallup Apr. 2010 Gallup Not being able to get a loan to pay for a home, car, tuition, or business Sep. 2008 Gallup

16% 12 14 16 14 18 18 25 24 21 23

27% 23 24 23 27 31 23 30 32 32 31

30% 31 32 29 31 28 32 24 24 28 30

26% 32 29 31 28 22 26 20 19 18 15

20% Very worried

15% Somewhat worried

22% Not too worried

33% Not at all worried

Having to pay more for your health care or health insurance^ Feb. 2004 KFF Oct. 2005 KFF Feb. 2006 KFF May-Jun. 2007 KFF Oct. 2007 KFF Feb. 2008* KFF Apr. 2008 KFF Sep. 2008 KFF Oct. 2008 KFF Feb. 2009 KFF Apr. 2009 KFF Jul. 2009 KFF Dec. 2009 KFF Mar. 2010 KFF Jun. 2010 KFF Your health plan being more concerned about saving money for the plan than about what is the best treatment for you^ Feb. 2004 KFF Oct. 2005 KFF Feb. 2006 KFF May-Jun. 2007 KFF Oct. 2007 KFF Apr. 2008 KFF Apr. 2008 KFF Sep. 2008 KFF Oct. 2008 KFF Not being able to afford the health care services you think you need Feb. 2004 KFF Oct. 2005 KFF Feb. 2006 KFF Mar.-Apr. 2006# KFF Black men Black women White men White women May-Jun. 2007 KFF

47% 40 38 41 39 34 37 34 38 45 37 31 41 39 38

31% 32 33 34 34 33 34 33 34 32 35 38 34 35 33

10% 12 11 14 13 17 11 15 13 14 16 17 13 12 14

12% 16 17 11 13 13 17 17 14 9 11 13 12 13 13

35% 30 27 31 32 28 28 24 27

32% 31 35 33 34 33 33 33 32

15% 16 15 18 16 16 16 19 16

15% 20 21 16 16 21 21 23 23

38% 34 32 23 38 37 21 16 36

24% 27 25 27 22 21 27 29 27

18% 15 18 20 17 17 20 22 19

19% 24 24 29 24 24 32 32 18

62

Oct. 2007 Nov.-Dec. 2007 Apr. 2008 Sep. 2008 Oct. 2008 Feb. 2009 Apr. 2009 Jul. 2009 Dec. 2009 Mar. 2010 Jun. 2010

KFF KFF KFF KFF KFF KFF KFF KFF KFF KFF KFF

34 35 29 28 31 38 34 34 32 29 31

28 30 26 28 29 29 32 28 30 28 30

17 15 19 20 17 18 20 21 17 19 19

20 13 25 24 23 15 14 17 20 22 19

The quality of health care services you receive getting worse Feb. 2004 KFF Oct. 2005 KFF Feb. 2006 KFF May-Jun. 2007 KFF Oct. 2007 KFF Apr. 2008 KFF Sep. 2008 KFF Oct. 2008 KFF Not being able to afford the prescription drugs you need Feb. 2004 KFF Oct. 2005 KFF Feb. 2006 KFF May-Jun. 2007 KFF Oct. 2007 KFF Apr. 2008 KFF Sep. 2008 KFF Oct. 2008 KFF Jul. 2009 KFF Dec. 2009 KFF Mar. 2010 KFF Jun. 2010 KFF Having to stay in your current job instead of taking a new job for fear of losing health benefits* Feb. 2004 KFF Oct. 2005 KFF Feb. 2006 KFF May-Jun. 2007 KFF Oct. 2007 KFF Apr. 2008 KFF Sep. 2008 KFF Oct. 2008 KFF Dec. 2009 KFF Mar. 2010 KFF Jun. 2010 KFF

29% 28 27 32 29 26 24 26

29% 28 31 28 30 30 28 27

19% 18 16 19 18 18 22 21

22% 24 24 20 20 24 26 25

36% 32 28 33 31 27 27 25 27 27 28 26

23% 21 22 23 25 23 22 24 25 29 24 26

18% 17 18 22 18 17 20 20 25 21 19 22

22% 30 30 22 26 32 31 31 22 24 28 25

17% 12 14 17 14 13 16 14 19 14 12 Very worried

14% 16 15 14 18 16 14 17 23 17 18 Moderately worried

16% 19 19 24 21 19 22 21 24 21 27 Not too worried

51% 51 51 45 46 50 47 47 34 47 41 Not worried at all

Not being able to pay medical costs for normal health care Apr. 2001 Gallup Apr. 2002 Gallup Apr. 2003 Gallup Apr. 2004 Gallup Apr. 2005 Gallup

22% 18 17 21 23

22% 17 20 16 19

24% 26 24 24 24

31% 36 36 36 32

63

Apr. 2006 Apr. 2007 Apr. 2008 Apr. 2009 Apr. 2010

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup

23 21 23 26 22

22 15 21 20 26

26 31 24 28 27

27 30 29 26 21

Not being able to pay medical costs in the event of a serious illness or accident Apr. 2001 Gallup Apr. 2002 Gallup Apr. 2003 Gallup Apr. 2004 Gallup Apr. 2005 Gallup Apr. 2006 Gallup Apr. 2007 Gallup Apr. 2008 Gallup Apr. 2009 Gallup Apr. 2010 Gallup

27% 21 24 26 30 33 28 34 34 33 Very worried

23% 24 22 21 22 21 21 22 24 28 Somewhat worried 19% 22 19 20 21 19 20 20 20 27 23 28 24 24

24% 25 23 24 25 21 27 20 22 20 Not too worried 19% 19 21 20 19 19 22 19 22 22 24 20 18 26

25% 28 29 27 22 22 23 21 18 17 Not at all worried 29% 33 34 25 30 35 35 31 24 21 22 26 32 23

Losing your health insurance coverage^ Feb. 2004 KFF Oct. 2005 KFF Feb. 2006 KFF May-Jun. 2007 KFF Oct. 2007 KFF Apr. 2008 KFF Sep. 2008 KFF Oct. 2008 KFF Feb. 2009 KFF Apr. 2009 KFF Jul. 2009 KFF Dec. 2009 KFF Mar. 2010 KFF Jun. 2010 KFF Being a victim of a terrorist attack Feb. 2004 KFF Oct. 2005 KFF Feb. 2006 KFF May-Jun. 2007 KFF Oct. 2007 KFF Apr. 2008 KFF Sep. 2008 KFF Oct. 2008 KFF Jul. 2009 KFF Dec. 2009 KFF Mar. 2010 KFF Jun. 2010 KFF

32% 27 26 34 29 26 23 29 34 30 29 26 24 26

20% 18 21 25 22 18 18 19 20 16 21 20 Very worried

27% 28 26 29 29 28 29 27 29 26 24 25 Somewhat worried 25% 27 24 29 25 27 25

27% 25 22 25 23 24 25 25 27 29 25 29 Not too worried 29% 29 28 31 22 22 32

26% 29 30 19 25 30 27 29 23 28 29 25 Not at all worried 26% 28 30 28 26 26 35

Being a victim of violent crime Feb. 2004 KFF Oct. 2005 KFF Feb. 2006 KFF Mar.-Apr. 2006 KFF Black men Black women White men

19% 16 17 11 26 25 7

64

White women May-Jun. 2007 KFF Oct. 2007 KFF Apr. 2008 KFF Sep. 2008 KFF Oct. 2008 KFF Not being able to pay your rent or mortgage Feb. 2004 KFF Oct. 2005 KFF Feb. 2006 KFF May-Jun. 2007 KFF Oct. 2007 KFF Nov.-Dec. 2007 KFF Apr. 2008 KFF Sep. 2008 KFF Oct. 2008 KFF Jul. 2009 KFF Dec. 2009 KFF Mar. 2010 KFF Jun. 2010 KFF Losing your job* Feb. 2004 KFF Oct. 2005 KFF Feb. 2006 KFF Mar.-Apr. 2006 KFF Black men Black women White men White women May-Jun. 2007 KFF Oct. 2007 KFF Apr. 2008 KFF Sep. 2008 KFF Oct. 2008 KFF Jul. 2009 KFF Dec. 2009 KFF Mar. 2010 KFF Jun. 2010 KFF Losing your savings in the stock market Feb. 2004 KFF Oct. 2005 KFF Feb. 2006 KFF May-Jun. 2007 KFF Oct. 2007 KFF Apr. 2008 KFF Sep. 2008 KFF Oct. 2008 KFF

5 21 20 18 17 18

36 28 26 24 25 23

35 31 29 28 30 28

24 20 25 29 28 30

27% 22 23 25 24 27 21 21 25 29 22 25 25

16% 20 17 19 19 20 18 20 21 25 23 19 22

19% 19 19 20 19 19 19 21 16 19 21 19 22

37% 39 41 34 37 33 41 39 36 25 34 36 30

`

21% 16 20 8 23 16 5 6 19 19 21 21 27 28 26 24 24

16% 18 16 15 16 15 16 12 15 17 18 15 19 27 27 22 25

23% 22 21 20 19 19 20 18 25 23 21 23 22 23 27 23 26

40% 43 43 45 36 38 50 47 41 40 41 41 32 22 20 31 25

23% 14 15 14 16 17 19 32 Very worried

17% 19 18 13 16 18 17 19 Moderately worried

15% 16 18 22 18 16 18 11 Not too worried

43% 50 47 48 47 47 45 36 Not worried at all

Not having enough money for retirement+ Apr. 2001 Apr. 2002 Apr. 2003 Apr. 2004 Apr. 2005 Apr. 2006 Apr. 2007

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup

24% 25 24 26 30 30 27

29% 29 30 26 30 30 29

24% 19 22 21 18 19 24

19% 22 20 23 19 16 18

65

Apr. 2008 Sep. 2008 Apr. 2010 Apr. 2009 Jul. 2009 Dec. 2009 Mar. 2010 Jun. 2010

Gallup Gallup Gallup KFF KFF KFF KFF KFF

35 33 34 43 35 37 39 36

28 31 32 30 31 28 29 30

18 16 18 14 17 17 14 15

16 15 14 12 16 17 17 17

Not having enough money to pay for your children‘s college Apr. 2007 Gallup Apr. 2008 Gallup

18% 25

16% 14

10% 8

16% 14

Note: Forty percent volunteered the response, ―doesn‘t apply‖ in 2007 and 39 percent did in 2008. + Asked of nonretied adults. Very worried Being arrested Mar.-Apr. 2006 KFF Black men Black women White men White women Your child not getting into a good college Mar.-Apr. 2006 KFF Black men Black women White men White women You or a family member getting HIV or AIDS Mar.-Apr. 2006 KFF Black men Black women White men White women Being a victim of racial discrimination Mar.-Apr. 2006 KFF Black men Black women White men White women 6% 22 13 4 3 Somewhat worried 6% 13 9 8 2 Not too worried 20% 18 17 19 21 Not at all worried 68% 46 62 69 75

12% 29 25 8 8

19% 24 18 21 16

20% 17 17 18 18

37% 25 30 40 47

11% 34 30 5 8 7% 28 22 2 3

16% 18 16 13 16 15% 26 24 8 10

25% 19 24 27 23 24% 21 26 21 25

47% 28 30 54 54 54% 25 28 67 62

Being unfairly treated by the police Mar.-Apr. 2006 KFF Black men Black women White men White women

11% 37 25 7 3

17% 25 19 15 14

29% 16 26 27 31

44% 22 30 51 52

Note: * Question asked of those who are employed. ^ Question asked of those who are insured. + asked of non-retired adults. # Wording is ―not getting the healthcare you need.‖

66

Thinking about the next 12 months, how likely is it that _____? Pew Research Center Likely Your employer may go out of business or relocate to another city Jan. 2008 Feb. 2009 Mar. 2010 You may have your health benefits reduced or eliminated by your employer Jan. 2008 Feb. 2009 Mar. 2010 You may be asked to take a cut in pay Jan. 2008 Feb. 2009 Mar. 2010 You may be laid off Jan. 2008 Feb. 2009 Mar. 2010 You may have your retirement benefits reduced or eliminated by your employer Feb. 2009 Mar. 2010 12% 13 13 Not likely 87% 85 85

20% 24 23 13% 25 25 15% 21 24

74% 69 67 86% 73 73 84% 77 74

18% 22

75% 68

Generally speaking, would you say in _____ are going in the right direction or have they pretty seriously gotten off on the wrong track? Aug. 2008 Harris Interactive In the country 18% 76 Your state 41% 53 Your life personally 76% 20

Are going in the right direction Have pretty seriously gotten off on the wrong track

How much do you worry about each of the following? Do you worry a lot, some, not much or not at all about ____? AP/Roper GfK Worry a lot Facing major unexpected medical expenses Feb. 2009 Apr. 2009 July 2009 Sep. 2009 Losing your job Feb. 2009 Apr. 2009 July 2009 Sep. 2009 28% 27 25 25 19% 18 18 18 10% 9 11 10 22% 26 26 29 38% 38 35 37 26% 27 27 31 16% 10 13 13 19% 25 25 19 Some Not much Not at all

Note: Twenty-one percent in both askings said ―does not apply.‖ Seeing the value of your stocks and retirement investments drop Feb. 2009 Apr. 2009 July 2009 48% 41 39 21% 23 25 7% 8 9 12% 16 18

67

Sep. 2009 Being unable to pay your bills Feb. 2009 Apr. 2009 July 2009 Sep. 2009 Having enough money to send your children to college Feb. 2009 Apr. 2009 July 2009 Sep. 2009 Being unable to keep up with your mortgage and credit card payments Feb. 2009 Apr. 2009 July 2009 Sep. 2009

40

28

9

16

38% 34 31 31

26% 26 28 26

12% 10 13 15

22% 29 28 28

34% 33 30 29

14% 16 17 18

5% 6 4 6

16% 20 23 24

32% 28 27 24

22% 19 21 22

11% 11 14 13

26% 33 31 34

For each of the following please tell me whether or not it is something that happened to you in the past year. Have you ____? Pew Research Center Has happened in the past year Had trouble getting or paying for medical care for yourself or your family Aug. 1999 (KFF/Harvard/WP) Jan. 2008 Feb. 2009 Mar. 2010 Had problems paying your rent or mortgage Aug. 1999 (KFF/Harvard/WP) Jan. 2008 Feb. 2009 Mar. 2010 Been laid off or lost your job Jan. 2008 Feb. 2009 Mar. 2010 Gotten a pay raise at your current job or gotten a better job Aug. 1999 (KFF/Harvard/WP) Jan. 2008 Feb. 2009 Mar. 2010 Had a mortgage, other loan, or credit card application denied Feb. 2009 Mar. 2010 Had problems with collection or credit agencies Aug. 1999 (KFF/Harvard/WP) Feb. 2009 Mar. 2010 Has not

21% 23 23 26

78% 76 77 74

13 16 20 24

87 83 80 76

14 18 21

85 82 79

29 41 29 24

69 57 70 74

17 19

83 80

19 20 21

80 80 78

68

For the following list, please tell me how worried you are that this might happen to you personally. Public Opinion Strategies (R)/Greenberg, Quinlan, Rosner (D) Very worried Being the victim of a violent crime like rape or assault Getting cancer Losing your house in a natural disaster like an earthquake, fire, tornado, or hurricane Being hurt or killed in a major terrorist attack, similar to September 11th Being the victim of identity theft Not having enough money to pay all your bills Not being able to have a secure retirement Having to file for bankruptcy Falling deep into debt because of medical expenses Falling deep into debt from paying high interest rates on your mortgage 11% 18 11 11 21 19 30 8 15 10 Apr. 2006 Somewhat worried 24% 32 27 22 48 29 26 8 29 13 Not too worried 30% 22 27 26 17 19 16 22 25 19 Not at all worried 33% 24 35 40 14 32 25 61 30 55

How often do you worry about the following things – frequently, occasionally, rarely, or never? Mar. 2005 AP/Ipsos Frequently 20% 30 13 12 11 Occasionally 34% 21 31 28 28 Rarely 30% 24 32 35 34 Never 16% 25 23 25 27

Getting hurt in a car accident Not being able to pay your bills A terrorist attack using nuclear weapons Becoming a victim of terrorism A nuclear attack by one country on another

How concerned are you about each of the following? Sep. 2006 Fox /OD Extremely concerned 44% 43 36 35 35 32 30 29 Fox/OD Extremely concerned 39% 37 33 46 28 49 36 Very concerned 45% 50 43 41 44 44 39 Not very concerned 12% 10 17 10 33 6 19 Not at all concerned 3% 2 5 3 5 1 6 Very concerned 43% 45 40 42 39 44 37 39 Not very concerned 9% 8 16 19 21 19 22 24 Not at all concerned 4% 2 6 4 3 5 11 6

The price of health care The situation in Iraq The decline of moral values Gas prices Terrorist attacks The nation‘s economy Being able to pay your bills Illegal immigration Sep. 2008

The price of health care The situation in Iraq The decline of moral values Gas prices Terrorist attacks The nation‘s economy Being able to pay your bills

69

Money Anxiety In the past six months, have you and your family had to do any of the following as a result of recent changes in economic conditions? Mar. 2008 CNN/ORC Yes, cutback Cut back on daily necessities such as food or medicine Mar. 2008 Mar. 2009 Cut back on heating your home or using electricity at home Mar. 2008 Cut back on purchases of clothes or other apparel Mar. 2008 Mar. 2009 Cut back on leisure activities such as travelling for pleasure or going out to movies or restaurants Mar. 2008 Cut back on household or personal services such as telephone service, internet access or cable TV Mar. 2008 Postponed making major purchases such as furniture or appliances Mar. 2008 Mar. 2009 No

30% 32

70% 68

46

54

59 58

41 42

75

25

31

69

61 62

39 38

How worried are you that you and your family may have to do any of the following as a result of recent changes in economic conditions? Mar. 2008 CNN/ORC Very worried Cut back on daily necessities such as food or medicine Cut back on heating your home or using electricity at home Cut back on purchases of clothes or other apparel Cut back on leisure activities such as travelling for pleasure or going out to movies or restaurants Cut back on household or personal services such as telephone service, internet access or cable TV Postponed making major purchase such as furniture or appliances 36% Somewhat worried 21% Not too worried 22% Not worried at all 21%

34

23

24

19

25

23

33

19

29

27

28

15

23

26

28

23

26

25

25

23

70

You mentioned making some cutbacks in spending. Have you been cutting back because your financial situation has gotten worse and made such cutbacks necessary, or because you worry that your financial situation might get worse in the future? PSRA/Pew Research center Gotten worse 28% 30 36 34 30 Might get worse 57% 56 50 47 49 Both 4% 5 5 6 8

Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 Jun. 2009 Aug. 2009 Dec. 2009

Please tell me whether you are very confident, somewhat confident, not too confident, or not confident at all about each of the following? CNN/ORC Very confident Your ability to maintain your current standard of living over the next year Mar. 2008 Mar. 2009 Your ability to maintain your current standard of living over the next ten years Mar. 2008 Mar. 2009 Your ability to save enough money to live comfortably when you retire Mar. 2008 Mar. 2009 Your ability to pay for your children to attend the college of their choice^ Mar. 2008 Mar. 2009 Your ability to meet your monthly mortgage payments for the duration of that mortgage$ Mar. 2008 Mar. 2009 The chances that your current employer will not have to lay off any workers in the next six months# Mar. 2008 The chances that your current employer will not lay you off in the next six months# Mar. 2008 Your ability to find a good job that pays as much as the job you have now if you had to leave your current place of employment# Mar. 2008 Somewhat confident Not too confident Not confident at all

45% 39

38% 42

12% 15

4% 4

34 38

40 43

18 14

6 4

29 22

32 37

24 25

15 16

23 24

35 36

26 19

16 21

58 50

32 39

6 5

4 5

55

18

18

7

69

16

10

5

31

26

26

15

Note: * Sample is those who are not retired. ^ Sample is those with children under eighteen. $ Sample is those with a mortgage. # Sample is those who are currently employed.

71

Let me read you a number of aspects dealing with the economy, for each please tell me whether this is currently affecting you a great deal, quite a bit, just some, or very little. If this does not apply to you, just say so. NBC/WSJ A great deal The price of gasoline and home heating oil Dec. 2007 51% Mar. 2008 65 The cost of groceries and household products Mar. 2008 50 The cost of health care Dec. 2007 42 Mar. 2008 45 Savings and pensions for retirement Dec. 2007 28 Mar. 2008 33 The impact trade agreements have had on American jobs Mar. 2008 28 Job security and layoffs Dec. 2007 16 Mar. 2008 26 Your investments in the stock market Dec. 2007 13 Mar. 2008 21 The cost and security of your mortgage Dec. 2007 14 Mar. 2008 17 Overtime pay and bonuses at work Dec. 2007 12 Mar. 2008 15 Quite a bit Just some Very little Does not apply

18% 14

23% 12

5% 5

3% 3

17 16 13 11 12

21 20 19 26 22

7 12 10 11 13

4 10 12 23 19

13 6 8 10 12 4 5 5 6

20 12 15 21 18 15 12 11 10

13 15 13 14 11 19 16 12 13

23 51 37 41 36 48 48 59 54

To begin, I‘d like you to think about your and your family‘s economic security. By economic security I mean your security in being able to keep your job, maintain your income, have health insurance coverage, and retire comfortably. Overall how worried are you about ________? Feb. 2007 Rockefeller Foundation/Yankelovich Very worried 12% 13 16 5 13 21 10 10 8 17 Fairly worried 12% 9 9 3 7 9 3 5 6 8 Slightly worried 29% 18 19 14 21 26 12 17 17 20 Not worried at all 46% 60 54 76 59 43 75 67 69 55

Your economic security Paying your rent Buying a home Paying your mortgage Getting out of debt Having enough money to retire on Paying for child care Caring for a parent financially Losing your job Finding a job Having enough money to put food on the table Paying for your children‘s education Keeping up with the cost of living Paying for your children‘s college Education

7 24 18 28

4 11 11 12

14 25 28 25

75 40 43 35

72

What is the most important financial problem facing your family today? Gallup Aug. 2006 15% 16 11 Jul. 2006 15% 10 13 Jun. 2006 16% 13 12 May 2006 17% 20 14 Apr. 2006 18% 12 12 Feb. 2006 17% 8 11 Dec. 2005 15% 14 12 Nov. 2005 16% 11 11 Oct. 2005 12% 17 11 Sep. 2005 11% 17 10

Health care costs Energy costs/ oil and gas prices Lack of money/ low wages Too much debt/ not enough money to pay debts College expenses Cost of owning/ renting a home Retirement savings Cost of living/ inflation Lack of savings Taxes Unemployment/ loss of a job Interest rates State of the economy Controlling spending Transportation/ commuting costs

9 8 6 6 8 1 3 3 2 1 * 2 Feb. 2008 13% 6 7

7 7 7 7 5 2 4 3 2 1 1 1 Oct. 2007 17% 4 9

8 8 6 7 8 2 5 2 1 2 * 1 Jul. 2007 19% 8 15

8 9 7 7 6 2 5 3 1 2 * 1 Jun. 2007 16% 11 13

9 8 7 6 5 5 4 3 2 1 1 * Apr. 2007 16% 8 11

9 8 7 7 6 2 5 6 1 1 1 1 Jan. 2007 17% 7 13

7 7 5 5 4 2 4 6 1 1 1 1 Dec. 2006 15% 5 17

7 8 5 5 5 2 4 8 1 * 1 1 Nov. 2006 17% 7 14

7 6 5 4 6 1 4 6 1 1 * 1 Oct. 2006 14% 8 12

8 7 5 3 7 1 4 6 1 1 * 1 Sep. 2006 14% 10 12

Health care costs Energy costs/ oil and gas prices Lack of money/ low wages Too much debt/ not enough money to pay debts College expenses Cost of owning/ renting a home Retirement savings Cost of living/ inflation Lack of savings Taxes Unemployment/ loss of a job Interest rates State of the economy Controlling spending Transportation/ commuting costs

12 5 9 6 5 2 5 4 1 2 * *

7 6 10 3 5 2 4 2 1 * -*

7 6 8 6 6 3 4 4 1 1 * *

7 7 8 8 7 2 6 3 1 * * 2 Mar. 2010 16% 3 15

8 9 9 7 7 2 5 4 2 2 1 1 Nov. 2009 14% 2 14

9 8 6 3 8 1 5 4 * * 1 1 Apr. 2009 11% 3 15

9 9 9 7 3 1 4 2 1 * 1 1 Feb. 2009 8% 3 16

10 9 8 6 5 2 4 3 2 1 * 1 Oct. 2008 9% 12 11

10 8 6 7 6 1 5 2 2 * 1 1 Jul. 2008 9% 29 14

9 8 6 5 4 1 5 4 2 1 * 1 Apr. 2008 10% 14 11

Health care costs Energy costs/ oil and gas prices Lack of money/ low wages

73

Too much debt/ not enough money to pay debts College expenses Cost of owning/ renting a home Retirement savings Cost of living/ inflation Lack of savings Taxes Unemployment/ loss of a job Interest rates State of the economy Controlling spending Transportation/ commuting costs

13 7 12 4 7 3 4 10 1 2 1 1

9 7 9 5 4 1 5 8 1 2 * 1

10 6 12 4 6 3 10 1 2 1 2

15 6 9 6 5 2 3 9 1 3 * 1

9 6 7 7 10 1 3 4 * 2 1 1

3 5 9 5 18 2 2 4 1 2 * 1

9 7 10 5 10 2 3 6 2 3 1 1

In America, each generation has tried to have a better life than their parents, with a better living standard, better homes, a better education, etc. How likely do you think it is that today‘s youth will have a better life than your parents – very likely, somewhat likely, somewhat unlikely, or very unlikely? Very Likely 19% 28 21 28 11 16 16 11 15 14 26 24 25 19 17 Somewhat Likely Somewhat Unlikely Very Unlikely 35% 27% 17 % 40 19 10 41 20 13 46 13 4 38 32 17 42 27 13 42 27 13 40 32 14 41 27 15 37 30 17 45 19 8 42 21 10 41 21 12 40 25 15 45 26 12

Jan. 1983 Jan. 1985 Jan. 1990 Oct. 1990 Dec. 1995 Jul. 1996 Sep. 1996 Oct. 1996 Nov. 1996 Dec. 1996 Dec. 2001 Jan. 2003 Jan. 2008 Mar. 2009 Jan. 2010

Roper GfK/NOP Roper GfK/NOP Roper GfK/NOP Roper GfK/NOP NYT NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT Gallup Gallup/USA Today Gallup/USA Today

Which one or two of the following elements of the economy, if any, concerns you the most? Jul. 2007 NBC/WSJ 44% 34 22 17 16 15 14

The cost of health care Jobs going overseas The gap between the rich and the poor The cost of higher education The federal budget deficit Lack of good-paying jobs The cost of housing Health Anxiety

As you may know, some people in the United States have gotten sick from E.coli bacteria found in spinach. How worried are you that you or a member of your family will get sick from E.coli bacteria – very worried, somewhat worried, not too worried, or not worried at all? Very worried 6% Somewhat worried 17% Not too worried 36% Not worried at all 41%

Sep. 2006

Gallup

74

Crime/Terrorism Anxiety How often do you, yourself, worry about the following things—frequently, occasionally, rarely, or never? How about…? Gallup Frequently Getting murdered Aug.-Sep. 2000 Oct. 2001 Oct. 2002 Oct. 2003 Oct. 2004 Oct. 2005 Oct. 2006 Oct. 2007 Oct. 2008 Oct. 2009 Getting mugged Aug.-Sep. 2000 Oct. 2001 Oct. 2002 Oct. 2003 Oct. 2004 Oct. 2005 Oct. 2006 Oct. 2007 Oct. 2008 Oct. 2009 Your home being burglarized when you are not there Aug.-Sep. 2000 Oct. 2001 Oct. 2002 Oct. 2003 Oct. 2004 Oct. 2005 Oct. 2006 Oct. 2007 Oct. 2008 Oct. 2009 Your home being burglarized when you are there Aug.-Sep. 2000 Oct. 2001 Oct. 2002 Oct. 2003 Oct. 2004 Oct. 2005 Oct. 2006 Oct. 2007 Oct. 2008 Oct. 2009 Being sexually assaulted Aug.-Sep. 2000 Oct. 2001 Oct. 2002 Oct. 2003 6% 4 6 6 6 5 6 7 6 7 Occasionally 12% 9 11 12 10 10 14 12 11 12 Rarely 31% 31 30 30 29 31 35 33 35 32 Never 51% 56 53 52 55 53 44 48 48 49

9% 6 8 9 9 7 9 10 11 11

21% 17 18 19 18 21 24 19 18 20

33% 36 33 35 35 35 33 37 34 35

36% 41 40 37 38 37 33 33 35 34

16% 12 15 17 12 15 21 18 18 21

32% 28 30 31 29 30 29 29 28 24

28% 33 30 31 35 30 33 32 33 35

24% 26 25 21 24 25 17 21 20 20

10% 6 9 10 8 8 10 10 10 12

21% 16 18 20 16 16 23 19 18 21

30% 33 32 30 34 31 34 32 36 32

39% 45 40 40 42 45 33 38 36 35

7% 4 6 9

16% 15 12 14

24% 24 26 27

52% 57 55 50

75

Oct. 2004 Oct. 2005 Oct. 2006 Oct. 2007 Oct. 2008 Oct. 2009 Having your car stolen or broken into Aug.-Sep. 2000 Oct. 2001 Oct. 2002 Oct. 2003 Oct. 2004 Oct. 2005 Oct. 2006 Oct. 2007 Oct. 2008 Oct. 2009 Being assaulted or killed by a co-worker or other employee where you work Aug.-Sep. 2000 Oct. 2001 Oct. 2002 Oct. 2003 Oct. 2004 Oct. 2005 Oct. 2006 Oct. 2007 Oct. 2008 Oct. 2009 Having a school-aged child of yours physically harmed while attending school Aug.-Sep. 2000 Oct. 2001 Oct. 2002 Oct. 2003 Oct. 2004 Oct. 2005 Oct. 2006 Oct. 2007 Oct. 2008 Oct. 2009 Being attacked while driving your car Aug.-Sep. 2000 Oct. 2001 Oct. 2003 Oct. 2004 Oct. 2005 Oct. 2006 Oct. 2007 Oct. 2008 Oct. 2009 Being the victim of a hate crime Aug.-Sep. 2000 Oct. 2001 Oct. 2003 Oct. 2004 Oct. 2005

6 6 6 6 7 5

14 13 15 13 12 14

27 29 30 28 27 29

53 52 48 52 54 52

16% 14 16 17 12 16 17 16 20 19

32% 27 28 28 29 26 30 28 23 28

26% 30 28 31 31 30 33 32 32 30

24% 26 24 22 25 25 18 21 24 21

1% 2 2 3 1 2 3 2 2 1

6% 5 4 6 4 4 5 4 4 3

18% 18 18 20 16 18 17 18 20 17

64% 62 61 56 67 64 61 62 59 61

17% 13 14 17 14 14 20 16 15 14

17% 18 15 18 16 15 20 18 16 17

17% 18 21 16 20 18 18 18 20 19

22% 23 20 23 24 24 17 20 22 22

9% 6 8 7 6 9 7 6 7

20% 15 18 16 16 17 17 15 16

29% 29 32 32 31 34 36 35 34

40% 46 38 42 44 38 37 42 41

6% 5 5 6 6

10% 8 12 10 11

26% 26 29 24 24

56% 60 54 59 58

76

Oct. 2006 Oct. 2007 Oct. 2008 Oct. 2009 Being a victim of terrorism Oct. 2001 Oct. 2002 Oct. 2003 Oct. 2004 Oct. 2005 Oct. 2006 Oct. 2007 Oct. 2008 Oct. 2009

7 6 7 5

11 12 9 12

29 27 29 28

52 55 55 54

21% 14 13 12 14 19 13 10 14

26% 26 25 27 24 25 23 21 21

28% 28 30 30 30 28 33 33 33

25% 31 32 31 32 28 30 36 31

How worried are you that you or someone in your family will become a victim of terrorism – very worried, somewhat worried, not too worried, or not worried at all? Very Worried 23% 18 14 24 18 13 11 8 8 12 8 9 8 8 13 8 8 8 6 11 9 5 10 8 11 13 13 10 8 14 11 14 8 9 12 13 12 13 9 9 8 Somewhat Worried 35% 33 35 35 33 30 28 27 27 33 27 31 30 31 35 28 30 26 24 30 28 23 30 26 32 34 28 28 30 33 30 29 28 31 32 34 30 23 29 29 28 Not too Worried 24% 35 32 27 35 33 34 34 39 32 39 37 37 36 34 33 38 39 38 33 38 42 36 36 36 33 34 37 36 30 37 34 36 33 33 31 33 33 32 38 30 Not at all Worried 16% 13 18 14 14 23 26 30 25 23 25 22 25 25 18 31 24 26 32 26 25 30 24 30 21 20 25 24 26 23 22 23 29 27 22 21 24 30 31 24 34

Sep. 2001* Sep. 2001* Sep. 2001* Oct. 2001* Oct. 2001* Oct. 2001* Nov. 2001 Nov. 2001 Feb. 2002 Mar. 2002 Apr. 2002 May 2002 Sep. 2002 Jan. 2003 Feb. 2003 Feb 2003 Mar. 2003 Apr. 2003 Jul. 2003 Aug. 2003 Dec. 2003 Jan. 2004 Feb. 2004 Aug. 2004 Sept. 2004 Oct. 2004 Dec. 2004 Jan. 2005 Jun. 2005 Jul. 2005 Dec. 2005 Jan. 2006 Aug. 2006 Nov. 2006 Jun. 2007 Jul. 2007 Aug. 2007 Oct. 2007 Jun. 2008 Sep.2008 Jun. 2009

Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today CNN/ORC CNN/ORC Gallup/USA Today Gallup/USA Today CNN/ORC Gallup/USA Today CNN/ORC Gallup/USA Today Gallup/USA Today

77

Oct. 2009 Dec. 2009 Jan. 2010 Jan. 2010

CNN/ORC Gallup/USA Today Gallup/USA Today CNN/ORC

10 12 9 9

26 27 33 25

36 34 35 35

28 28 22 30

78

The data in this report come from the archive of public opinion polls at AEI and from The Roper Center‘s archive at the University of Connecticut in Storrs, Connecticut. The Roper Center is the oldest and largest archive of public opinion data in the world. To learn more about the Roper Center, visit http://www.ropercenter.uconn.edu/. Compiled by Karlyn Bowman, Senior Fellow Andrew Rugg, Research Assistant For comments or questions contact Karlyn Bowman at kbowman@aei.org or Andrew Rugg at Andrew.Rugg@aei.org For a full listing of AEI‘s Public Opinion Studies, please see http://www.aei.org/raBasicPages/14?page=AEI%20Studies%20in%20Public%20Opinion

Other Recent AEI Public Opinion Studies: Public Opinion Study on Abortion Are Attitudes Changing About the Proper Role of the Federal Government? Public Opinion on the War with Iraq Taking Stock of Business Attitudes Toward the Environment and Global Warming Public Opinion on Taxes America and the War on Terrorism Polls on NAFTA and Free Trade Attitudes toward the Federal Government Attitudes about Homosexuality and Gay Marriage Voting by Key Groups in Presidential and House Elections, 1952-2006 Women's Attitudes: Some Poll-Based Observations Polls on Patriotism and Military Service Public Opinion on the Supreme Court Attitudes about Social Security Reform Polls on Patriotism and Military Service The Politics of Compassion The Nostalgia Impulse Attitudes toward Divided Government Attitudes about Welfare Reform

Also from AEI’s Political Corner: Political Report!
The American Enterprise Institute‘s Political Report is a monthly publication that examines current trends in public opinion and political developments. This easy-to-read report summarizes surveys from major pollsters on topics of current interest. If you‘d like to be added to the mailing list, please feel to contact Andrew Rugg at Andrew.Rugg@aei.org. You may view Political Report at the Political Corner website http://www.aei.org/politicalcorner.

79

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful