# Engineering Mechanics: Dynamics 1e

Gray, Costanzo, Plesha

Please note that answers are not provided for the following type of even-numbered problems: 
Concept Problems. 
Computer Problems. 
Design Problems.
For Concept and Computer problems, please consult the solutions manual.

Chapter 1
1.2

.rB=A /` D 3:88 ft

1.4

rEB=A
rE
ˇ B=A
ˇrE

D .4:00 {O 1:00 |O/ ft
D .3:31 uOp 2:46 uO q / ft
ˇ
ˇ
ˇ
ˇ
ˇ
D ˇrE

B=A xy system

B=A pq system

D 4:12 ft

1.6

The angle  is dimensionless (or nondimensional) Observe that since angles can be expressed in a variety of units,
such as radian or degree, this problem illustrates the idea that some nondimensional quantities still require proper use
of units.

1.8

ŒIxx  D ŒIyy  D ŒI´´  D ŒM ŒL2
Units of Ixx , Iyy , and I´´ in the SI system: kgm2 ;
Units of Ixx , Iyy , and I´´ in the U.S. Customary system: slugft2 D lbs2 ft.

1.10

Concept problem.

Chapter 2
2.2

2.4
2.6
2.8

vE.15 s/ D .72:1 {O C 6:24 |O/ ft=s
aE .15 s/ D . 15:8 {O 1:39 |O/ ft=s2 
.15 s/ D 4:95ı
.15 s/ D 180ı
Concept problem. 

y.x/ D 2:00 C 3:00x C 2:00x 2 m
Concept problem.

2.10 

Er .t1 ; t2 / D .0:899 {O C 41:3 |O/ ft
vEavg .t1 ; t2 / D .0:450 {O C 20:7 |O/ ft=s

2.12

v.t / D r.t/
P D Œ.4:08e 13:6t / {O C . 0:720 1:28e 13:6t / |O m=s
a.t / D v.t/
P D Œ. 55:5e 13:6t / {O C .17:4e 13:6t / |O m=s2
The impact angle  is the slope of the stone’s trajectory at the time that the stone enters the water. Then, recalling
that the velocity is always tangent to the trajectory, we have  D 26:1ı 

y.x/ D 5:25 C 3:25x C 1:00x 2 m
xmax D 3:00 m and xmin D 1:00 m

2.14

2.16

2.18

vE D .29:3 ft=s/Œ1 C cosŒ.25:5 rad=s/t {O .29:3 ft=s/ sinŒ.25:5 rad=s/t |O
p
v D .29:3 ft=s/ 2 C 2 cosŒ.25:5 rad=s/t  

aE D 748 ft=s2 sinŒ.25:5 rad=s/t {O
Computer problem.

1

Engineering Mechanics: Dynamics 1e
2.20
2.22

Gray, Costanzo, Plesha

Computer problem.
.E
vP =O /1 D Œ.1 C cos t/ {O1 C .4 2t/ |O1  m=s
˚
.E
vP =O /2 D Œ.1 C cos t/ cos  2.t 2/ sin  {O2
.E
aP =O /1 D . sin t {O1

Œ2.t

2 |O1 / m=s2

.E
aP =O /2 D Œ. cos  sin t 2 sin / {O2 C .sin  sin t
jE
vP =O .t D 2 s/j1 D 0:584 m=s
jE
vP =O .t D 2 s/j2 D 0:584 m=s
2.24

2/ cos  C .1 C cos t/ sin  |O2 m=s

2 cos / |O2  m=s2

vEP =B D . 6:14 {OB C 23:7 |OB / ft=s
vP =A D 24:5 ft=s
vP =B D 24:5 ft=s
aEP =A D .1:78 {OA C 5:96 |OA / ft=s2
aP =A D 6:22 ft=s2
aP =B D 6:22 ft=s2

2.26

vEA D . 20:0 {O 12:8 |O/ ft=s 
p
p 
2 {O C 3 2 |O ft=s2 D . 1:41 {O C 4:24 |O/ ft=s2
aEA D

2.28

Computer problem.

2.30

Computer problem.

2.32

xR D

8a3 v02
4a2 C y 2

yR D
2.34
2.36 

2

4a2 v02 y
4a2 C y 2 

2

Computer problem. 
p 

v0
vE D p
3a {O C b |O
3a2 C b 2
5
s D 7:85 s
2

2.38

tbraking D

2.40

tjajmax D 3:93 s and tjajmax D 11:8 s
samax D 12:8 m and samax D 129 m

2.42

v0 D 10:1 m=s

2.44

2.46

2.48

where jajmax D 3:60 m=s2 

a0 
sin 2!t C ˇ cos !v.t/ D 7:00 sin t C 1:50 cos.0:500t/
!
x.t / D 7:00Œ1:00 1:50 cos t C 3:00 sin.0:500t/ m
r
mg
vterm D
D 5:00 m=s
Cd  

Cd t
mg
v.t / D
1 e m
Cd
mg
vterm D
Cd
x.t
P /D

2.50

vf D 3:56 m=s

2.52

Computer problem.
v D 10:1 ft=s

2.54

s D 186 ft
t D 3:90 s

2 

1:50 m=s

t 2.88 dAB D 82:0 m 2. we see that the value of 1 is much closer to ˇ than 2 .74 Gray.000 s s r r0  1 r r0   2 # v0 D 2:88 s gk .80 y D h C tan ˇ. 1 D 26:4ı and 2 D 5:09ı The angle subtended by the target as seen from an observer at point O is ˇ D 21:3ı Unlike Example 2.x w/2 and ˇ D 20:6ı vEinitial D v0 cos ˇ {O C v0 sin ˇ |O D .92 Computer problem.t hvp2 ap C ˛s D 2 r 3 ˇ r ˇ ˛s rDr D 1:44 rad=s2 1 1   D 0:301 w h and t 0 /2 ˇ ˛s ˇrDr D 3:63 rad=s2 2  2.vT /20 aT g .76  D tan 2.56 2.82 The golfer’s chip shot is successful.58 2. 2.84 v0 D 52:8 ft=s 2. d D 4:70 m 2.t s D s0 C v0 .78 vEgun D .P0 /min D ˙4:93 rad=s s   kL0 2 . 2.86 The two firing ranges are 30:4ı    56:8ı and 69:4ı    74:5ı : The sizes of these intervals are.90 v0 D 62:5 ft=s 2.60 2. Plesha 1 sin r r r0 2G .6:02 {O C 7:67 |O/ m=s where v0 is the initial speed of the tiger and ˇ is the angle formed with the horizontal by the initial velocity of the tiger.vT /20  2daT t0 / t0 / C 21 ac . 0 L cos 0 .x 2.x xP D ˙ v0 C 2 g C m  k 2 x m x0 / x02  txmax D 0:243 s 3=2 " r0 2.62 r P / D ˙ P 2 C 2g cos  .000 s .72 v D v0 C ac .64 (a) t D p 2. respectively. 2011 . Costanzo. In addition.Engineering Mechanics: Dynamics 1e 2. (ii) t D 383.11.14:7 ft=s/ {O 2. the difference between the angle subtended by the target and 1 or 2 is significant.70 t D 8:63 s yP D 77:7 m=s 2.94 d w/ g 2v02 cos2 ˇ .mA C mB / (b) (i) t D 380.68 k D 2. r gR cos  v0 D p 2 sin ˇ cos.ˇ / 3 Last modified: January 20.66 tstop D 2.

C / and 2. 2.114 rP D v0 cos.128 Concept problem. v0 O kD R   vEB D 5 kO  2 {O C 1 kO D 10 |O m=s.4:00 uO r C 0:800 uO  / ft=s aEB D .116 vEB D . 262 uO C 200 uO B / ft=s 2. C / r 2. Plesha  D 45ı 4 2.65:7 rad=s/ kO 2.110 !E D 2. 4 Last modified: January 20. 2011 .112 jE v j D 65. Then. tI D 6:19 s xI D 268 m 2. 0:320 uO r C 3:20 uO  / ft=s2 2.120 ˇ aEA ˇrD0 D .126 Concept problem.   vEC D 5 kO  2 {O C 2 kO D 10 |O m=s.100 Computer problem. !E 2 D 105 {O rad=s and !E 3 D 105 |O rad=s    100  (b) !E ` D p {O C |O C kO rad=s ) 60:5 {O C |O C kO rad=s 3 3 2.102 y D v0 sin ˇ 2.˛ C ˇ/  1 2 g cos ˛  x cos ˛ y sin ˛ v0 cos.118 rP D 0 rR D and P D v02 D 9:00 ft=s2 d v0 D d 1:50 rad=s and R D 0 rad=s2 2.600 ft=s Referring to the diagram below.98 v02 D 447 ft g 2v sin max D 5:27 s tD 0 g h  y D 59:9103 ln 1 2:8410 RD 4  i x C 17:7x m 2.˛ C ˇ/ 2 (c) 2. Costanzo.122 2! rP C !r P D0 2. 112 {O C 5:00 |O/ m=s2 : 2.108 vEA D 5 kO  2 {O D 10 |O m=s.96 max D 2.124 aE D .Engineering Mechanics: Dynamics 1e Gray.106    (a) !E 1 D 105 kO rad=s. let  denote the angle formed by the velocity vector and the x axis such that tan  D vy =vx .  D 70:0ı P D v0 sin.   vE D 5 kO  2 {O C 3 kO D 10 |O m=s D .104 (a) aE  bE D 1  6 C 2  3 C 3  0 D 0     (b) aE  aE  bE D 84 {O 42 |O C 0 kO  x cos ˛ y sin ˛ v0 cos.

194  D  C sin 2.208 2.vA ` r vB d / cos  vP =A d  D 63:6ı : g D 331 ft=s D 225 mph 2h @ 26d D 0:937 ft=s2 3t 2 p v0 w 2 C h 2 vEA D {O D . the boat reaches A in 6:86 s When vB=W D 7 s.178 2. 2011 . the boat does not reach A 2.176 vEfollower D .192 vrain D 16:4 ft=s   aEB D L1 R cos  L1 P 2 sin  C L2 R cos  L2 P 2 sin  {O   C L1 P 2 cos  C L1 R sin  C L2 P 2 cos  C L2 R sin  |O 2.190 2. 3:09 ft=s/ |O  aEB D 0:319 ft=s2 |O 2.172 Gray. 2:00 m=s/ |O 2.6:86 {O C 30:3 |O/ m=s 1:00 |O/ m=s2 aEC =A D . 3:08 ft=s/ {O p 2 2 wC  w pC h  h  i p v02 w h2 C w 2 a0 h2 C w w C h2 C w 2 aEA D {O D .198 vpmax D vs C 2.210 1  ` 2 .Engineering Mechanics: Dynamics 1e 2.200 vEB D .196  D 14:9ı 2.1:38 {O 2. Costanzo.204 aEB D . 2.184 ROS D vEB 2. 1680 uO r C 237 uO  / m=s2 2.206 2.174 vE D .202 vEB D . Plesha P D 0 R D p 2 R!AB h2 D R2 15:8 rad=s2 2.137g/ |O ˇ ˇ v D 0:119 ft=s and ˇaE ˇ D 0:0864 ft=s2 2.188 Computer problem. 6 Last modified: January 20. 0:893 ft=s2 / {O  2 p 2 2 wC h Cw a0 D Concept problem.37:710 3 uO r C 0:534 uO  / m=s aE D . For vB=W D 10 s.180 Concept problem.182 Concept problem. 11:1 m=s2 / {O td D 0:164 s 2.186 vEC =A D .1:76 m=s/ |O aEfollower D .  rEB=A vEA  jErB=A j 2.

0:195 0:0851 sin2 /3=2 0:195 0:0851 sin2  q r D .230 2. uO ´ / is right-handed we have vEC D . Costanzo.rR r P 2 r P 2 sin2 / r. and ´land D 0: Concept problem. uO  . 6:5 uO r C 5:52 uO  C 5:3 uO ´ / ft=s 1:56 uO  / ft=s2 aEC D .222 K vE D ´P tan ˇ uO R C uO C ´P uO ´ ´ tan ˇ    K2 uO R C ´R uO ´ aE D ´R tan ˇ 3 ´ tan3 ˇ 2.d C  cos /2 d sin / C .uO R . 2.224 P R sin  C 2rP P sin  C 2r P P cos / r .Engineering Mechanics: Dynamics 1e 2.r R C 2rP P r P 2 sin  cos / D 0 r. 0:662 uO r 2.234 r P sin .214   0:292 cos  vEC D .h cos  .h C  sin /2 P D v0 . Plesha and rP D p v0 . C d cos  C h sin / .7:82 {O2 1:26 |O2 / m=s2 7 Last modified: January 20.232 2.r P R sin  C 2rP P sin  C 2r P P cos / D 0 r P 2 sin  cos / P rR r . 2011 .220 Gray.h C  sin /2 Referring to the figure below and keeping in mind that the coordinate system is defined in such a way that the triad . 2.218 Concept problem.d C  cos /2 C .212 2.r r P sin .216 Concept problem.h C  sin /2 2.226 2. r P 2 r P 2 sin2 / D 0 rP D 0 P D 0 v0 P D D 0:0177 rad=s r sin  v2 rR D 0 D 11:3 ft=s2 r v02 cos  R D 2 D 78:110 6 rad=s2 r sin  R D 0 Computer problem. 61:1 ft=s/ sin  1 C p |O 0:195 0:0851 sin2      0:292 cos  aEC D 1:28104 ft=s2 cos  1 C p 0:195 0:0851 sin2    0:0248 cos2  sin  0:292 sin  C sin  |O p . yland D 1:42 m.r P R C 2rP P 2.d C  cos /2 C . vEP =B . xland D 3:35 m.228 2.10:2 {O2 C 10:3 |O2 / m=s aEP =B D .

6 3.254 a t D 3:33 ft=s2 2.236 2. aEA D 2:15 |O ft=s2 EA xD0 mL   Cd 2 aE D v g |O m xR C 3.14 Letting Fc denote the tension in the cord.18 Concept problem.256 jE aA j D 2:58 m=s2 s 2  2  ˇ ˇ d˛ d! 2 ˇaE ˇ D C C a02 D 173. instead of a locomotive. we would have the same stopping distance because the weight does not appear in our solution.240 Gray.244  D 240 ft 2. 3.246 f D 629 m tf D 5:24 s ˇ rP ˇ D180ı D 0 ˇ P ˇ D180ı D 2:94 rad=s ˇ rR ˇ D180ı D 40:8 m=s2 and ˇ P ˇD30ı D 0:0539 rad=s ˇ R ˇD30ı D 0:243 rad=s2 2.10 d D 50:8 ft 3. h D 29:410 6 m   mg s. Costanzo. Plesha ˇ R ˇ D180ı D 0 2.250  1 r  k cos t m   gm x D L0 C 1 k p v0  gR 2. the maximum reading of the scale is .258 2.12 v D 0:701 m=s 3.248 2.16 The reading of the scale corresponds to the value of the spring force supporting the platform.252 jE aj D 2L! 2 ˇ0 D 1:24 ft=s2 2. Fc D 251 lb 3.2 3.260 min Chapter 3 3.20 Letting d and ts denote the stopping distance and time. Denoting this force by Fs .238 Computer problem.t / D 2 Cd t C m e Cd Cd m t 2. 3. respectively.242 2.Fs /max D 2mg: 3.000 ft=s2 2 2 q ˇ ˇ 1 P4 4 2 ˇaE ˇ D L ! 2 P 2 1 D 2:53 m=s2 2  C ! 1  2. d D 418 ft and ts D 7:59 s: If an entire train weighing 30  106 lb was skidding to a stop.22 Spring compression D 0:737 ft 8 Last modified: January 20.8 Concept problem. 2011 .4 3.Engineering Mechanics: Dynamics 1e 2.

26 Denoting by ımax the maximum displacement of the vase relative to the packaging and viewing this quantity as being positive.48 k xR C x 1 m k yR C y 1 m ru p D 0. R D 11:3103 N 3.32 k D 5:93 lb=ft 3. the stopping position of the railcar.44  D 1:40104 ft 3. ımax D 0:167 m.Fs /max D 586 N and Fmax D 557 N. v.50 rR r P 2 C k .46 Letting aE and FL denote the acceleration of the airplane and the lift force acting on the airplane.52 yD 3.Fs /max and the overall maximum force by Fmax D . respectively. taken positive in the direction of uO r (see component system in the answer of Part (a)). x2 C y2 ru p ! ! x2 C y2 D0 3.Engineering Mechanics: Dynamics 1e Gray.34 k D 9:03103 kg=s2 3. ımax D 0:569 ft and tstop D 0:177 s 3. Costanzo. 2011 . . the compression of the bumper required to stop the railcar coincides with xstop . 3.1 g cot  9 Last modified: January 20. m r R C 2rP P C g sin  D 0  m tan 0 e Cd x=m Cd  1 m2 g  e Cd x=m 2 1 3.38 Concept problem.0/ D 3. we have jE aj D 3:62 g and jFL j D 43. Denoting the maximum elastic force by . 3. RR C 2RP P D 0 R C cot2 / RP 2 D R.60 ! D 9:94 rad=s 3.56 35:3 m=s  v  55:4 m=s 3.24 k D 5:08104 lb=ft 3. and xstop D 0:160 m: 3.62 3.28 Computer problem. v " u  u k x2 0 2t C L0 L m 2 q x02 C L2 # 3.36 Letting v. P D 5:90106 N (c) Denoting by R the normal force due to the projectile.319103 uO r C 603 uO  / m=s2 @ (b) Denoting by P the pressure force acting on the back of the projectile.54 s D 47:7ı 3.100 N 3.64 2v02 cos2 0 Cd2 Concept problem. Plesha 3. taken positive in the direction of uO  (see component system in the answer of Part (a)).Fs /max mg. 3.40 Concept problem.r ru / g cos  D 0.0/ denote the speed of the mass for x D 0. Therefore.58 (a) aE D .42 Concept problem.30 The origin of the x axis is placed where the railcar first comes into contact with the bumper.

76 3.m C mp / 3.yB /max j D 2 ft .vB /max D vB j.98 aEA D 8:05 {O ft=s2 aEB D 145 {O ft=s2 3.108 3. jvr j D 0:471 m=s 3.106 tcontact D 78:5103 s D 21:8 h ˇ ˇ ˇ 2mB g ˇ ˇ ˇ j.96 s D tan  D 0:424 3. 3.4R2 d 2 / sin  D 4R3 R Defining a Cartesian coordinate system with ˇ the y axis opposite tot ˇ he direction of gravity and with origin at the ˇ 2 ˇ ˇ initial position of B.88 3.104 gd 3.74 L2 RR r P 2 C G me D 0 and r2 RP 2 .90 3.94 ax D 3.3:16 {O C 3:13 |O/ m=s and vEB D .L2 R2 / C r R C 2rP P D 0 p L2 RRP 2 C gR L2 2 2 L R R2 D 0 RR C 2RP P D 0 3.78 Computer problem.70 k D 94:8 lb=ft 3.yB /max  D 8:58 ft=s 3.yB /max j D ˇ k ˇ j.114 vEA D .3:26 {O/ m=s Computer problem. we have j. 3.86 Concept problem. T D 47:3 lb for t > 1 s. 10 Last modified: January 20.84 Concept problem.102 vimpact D 3:69 m=s 3. 2011 .y D 0:9202/ D 4:79 ft=s B 3.110 p 4R2 d 2 cos  g.mA sin ˛ C mB /g ˇˇ D 1:84 ft k .100 mg q k. 3.112 3.80 and v D 0:500 m=s Computer problem. aAy D k1 g D 4:41 m=s2 3.vB /max D vB Œ. Costanzo. 3.yB /max j D ˇ .68 rR 3. Plesha   2 D 41:8ı 3 3.66 B D sin 3.Engineering Mechanics: Dynamics 1e 1 Gray.92 F C g D 16:1 ft=s2 2mA   mA C mB rRB=A D G r2 ( 49:3 lb for 0  t  1 s.72 s D 132ı 3.82 Concept problem.

14 4:9810 4. we have y D v0 cos ˇ  mv0 cos ˇ  3.126 Verification problem 3.120 vc D 3.16 U1-2 D 4:35107 ftlb .4 9:02104 ftlb 4.128 WA D 3.124 Defining a Cartesian coordinate system with origin at O.2 Concept problem. Computer problem.20 2 1 2 m. Cd D 0:0888 lbs=ft s  3.116 aEG D 3.U1-2 /C D 2:33107 ftlb FC D 50.122 ab D g . Costanzo.1 cos  / D 1:94 ft=s2 an D g sin  D 11 ft=s2 v2 D D 101103 ft D 19:2 mi g sin  3.30 .26 v0 D 6:40 ft=s 4.800 m 4.12 d D 15:8 m 4.18 4.28 k D 44:8 lb=ft 4.22 ˇ D 1:2910 4.4mB 9mC 30mD C 36mG / P T4 D D 1190 lb mB C mC C 25mD C 9mG 3.v2 11 v12 / D 180 kJ J Concept problem. y axis pointing opposite to gravity and x axis pointing to     mg m2 g x x C v0 sin ˇ C 2 ln 1 the right.24 k D 2:74105 N=m 4.Engineering Mechanics: Dynamics 1e Gray. 9:46 ft=s/ |O mB C mC C 25mD C 9mG 3g .mA C mB / 2 dA C dB 1 r0  D 27610 6 ft=s WB .8 U1-2 D 430 kJ 4.mC C 10mD / mG C . 5 lb=ft3 4. 4. 2011 .6 U1-2 D 4.g aB / D 161 lb 2g C 4aB L2 R D h m2 sin L1 R sin L1 R cos g sin  L1 P 2 cos L2 P 2 i m1 g sin  L1 P 2 sin Chapter 4 4. Plesha 9mG g 39P |O D .U1-2 /Engine D 4:64105 ftlb 11 Last modified: January 20.10 (a) dmin D 283 m (b) dmin D 283 m (c) dmin D 14.130 m1 L1 R D m2 g cos  sin 2G .800 lb 4.118 Computer problem.

2R/2 R v2 D Letting vA2 denote the speed of A at impact.54 vA2 D 1:09 m=s 4.44  D cos 4. 4.yB D 2/ D 9:42 ft=s dB D 0 ft yB D 4.Engineering Mechanics: Dynamics 1e 4.64 q 2gR dg 1 d 2 = . 2011 .4R2 ! 2 / D 2m. Costanzo.78 Energy Burned D 274 C 4.52 L0 D 4. Plesha 1  5R 3 2 3  2 mvB 4.40 4.38 vA D 2:34103 m=s   s V D P0 s0 A ln s0 4.vO C R2 ! 2 / D 580 J 4.m2 s2 / mgv .66 W D 2mg 4.36 VB D 14 ˇx 4 d D 0:420 ft 4.v v22 / D 1:47 kN 2h 1    D sin 1 23 D 41:8ı Favg D mg C 4.2R/2   q d NA D mg 3 1 d 2 = .56 mB D 4kR D 132ı D 1:06 m and vB2 D 3:28 m=s 2 C kı 2 mA vB2 2gı 2 vB2 D 0:685 kg r 4.vB /max D vB .72 Concept problem.sin 35ı C sin 75ı / D 26:6 ft=s mA C 4mB 1 .82 ˇ D 1:07109 kg=.76 v D 54:7 m=s D 197 km=h CR D 0:0171 L=s D 61:7 L=h: 4.46 v2 D 24:1 ft=s 4.68 2 Part (a): T D 2m. vA2 D 3:69 m=s s m ` mB `OB vB D 8g A OA .m sin ˛ C mB /g k A .vy /max D g k 4.48 k D 276 lb=ft r m .74 P1 D P2 D 7:48 kW 4.80 Pi D 4.62 4.58 4.42 1:92 ftlb 4.k cos  C sin  / D 1:51103 ftlb=s D 2:75 hp  12 Last modified: January 20.vO C R2 ! 2 / D 580 J 2 2 1 Part (b): T D 2 .70 U D 5760 kJ 4.50 Gray.32 4.34 m 2 .60 4.4m/vO C 12 m.

xfp /2 D 5.8 5. 5.Engineering Mechanics: Dynamics 1e 4. 5.28 dD 5.22 . mvx2 D 10:6 s FT d D 1280 ft t2 D Concept problem. Plesha 2 D 0:0361 J 3 2 mgL 2 2 ıu1 ıl1 D 9030 N=m 3EIcs 2 ı 2L3 s 2gı.4 5.24 vP 4 D 1:86 ft=s 5. 2580 {O 5.1:52 ft=s/ {O Lfp mp mp C mfp mA Lfp mA C mC 3030 |O/ m=s. Costanzo.2 5.6 5.mA sin ˛ C mB k mA cos ˛/ . D 4:95 m 13 Last modified: January 20.84 U1-2 D 4.26 vEG D .3:17 {O C 1:20 |O/ lbs  (b) FEb avg D .30 .E vP /final D . ˇ ˇ (a) ˇFEavg ˇ D 8080 N ˇ ˇ ˇFE ˇ avg (b) s  D 0:515 mg (a) Impulse D .18 Concept problem. 5. ˛ remains equal to 31ı .88 4. 2011 .90 4.10 5.92 1 2m  0:99 mg Cd mv 2 2 C ı2 ıu2 l2 Gray.12 5.v2 /max D mA C mB The distance between B and the ground is 0 ft V D Eb D kı 2 D 9:67 ft=s mgvt sin  D 5:395103 kJ D 1290 C  Chapter 5 5.86 kD 4.14 xe D 28:510 24 m xe D 4:1510 12 m xe D 1:4210 6 m ˇZ ˇ ˇ t2 ˇ ˇ ˇ FE dt ˇ D mv2 D 2:64 lbs ˇ ˇ t1 ˇ ˇ ˇ mv2 ˇE ˇ D 2400 lb ˇFavg ˇ D t2 t1 Concept problem.3170 {O C 1200 |O/ lb (c) Within the accuracy of our calculation (four significant figures).16 Concept problem.20 n D 9:170106 bees Slowdown D 48:5 ft=s D 33:0 mph 5.

1 C e/ cos 2˛2 D 6:24 ft p 1 2gh  D 593103 kO slugft2 =s   hEO A D 79:9103 kO slugft2 =s hEO  A 14 Last modified: January 20.73:3 {O C 85:8 |O/ ft=s and rEB D .64 .mA C mB /2 q 2 gk 2 Œ2hk C .44 vB D mA C mB p 2k gd D 199 m=s mB 5.36 .5500 {O C 9530 |O/ m=s and .m C m /g .54 C vEA D 77:0 |O ft=s rEA D 132 |O ft C and vEB D . 2011 .50 @ cos m / D 210 m=s 2 .70 5.mA C mB /k 5. 5. C C vEA D vEB D .32 mA r D 2:1410 mA C mB mA r! D D 0:0135 m=s mA C mB (a) Amplitude D (b) .184 {O C 215 |O/ ft 5.Engineering Mechanics: Dynamics 1e 5.46 0:817  e  0:882 5.vB / D 0 Computer problem. C vEA D .40 5.5500 {O C 9520 |O/ m=s 5.v /2 mB B dD C C vEA D vEB D .34 vEA2 D .42 vB D mA C mB p 2gL.56 Given the assumption that the masses are not identical.cot ˛/ Concept problem.62 5. Costanzo. 0:717 {O 6:20 |O/ m=s 5.72 d D 3:50 ft  C vN D 2N q 2gh2 C 21 gh1 Œ.e 2 1/ C . Plesha 6 m and vEB2 D .38 Gray.58 ˇ D tan 5.1 C e/ cos 2˛ C 5.1 mB 5.14:5 {O C 136 |O/ ft 5.60 The answer is an explanation. 23:6 {O C 18:5 |O/ m=s C and vEB D .vB /max 5.52 60ı for mB ! 1 5.48 D 2:89 m 2k g.mA C mB /mA A B Wmax D mA g C D 819 lb . 55:9 ft=s/ {O 5. it is not possible to have a moving ball A hit a stationary ball B so that A stops right after the impact.68 5.66 s dD 2 .e  1/ C .vA /max D 25:2 ft=s 5.8:33 {O C 78:0 |O/ ft=s rE D .1 C e/h1 cos ˛ sin ˛ gh1 r gh1 Œ. 1 5.

104  D 2 5.cos 2 sin2  s v2 D sin 1 q r2 1 cos 1 / sin2 2 2gL.1:631010 m3=2 =s/ vesc D p r  vesc Earth D 4:21104 m=s D 151. 2011 .78 5.L sin 0 C d /2 ! .300 mi.88 Computer problem.82 Gray.100 Gme D 5.80 5. s   1 2 vP D gre2 D 7:71103 m=s D 27.94 5. time to reach end of arm D 0:150 s ˇ ˇ ˇ!E ˇ D 0:0612 rad=s s 5.200 mi. 15 Last modified: January 20.74 5.000 km=h 4 2 a3 D 3:971014 m3 =s2 2 5.cos  cos 33ı / kO D ˙.90 5.108 a3 gre2 vc D 10. Plesha 1:44106 kO slugft2 =s hEQ D Concept problem.106 5.Engineering Mechanics: Dynamics 1e 5. Since hEO D mP gvP .92 5.800 km=h rP a s   2 1 vA D gre2 D 7:70103 m=s D 27.0/t cos  and M s p 2L3 E @ 57ı .98 D 6:85 ft=s.76 5.600 s D 2:95 h t D gre2 Concept problem. Costanzo. 2 1/ D 3:23103 m=s v D rc .84 s v1 D sin 2 2gL.96 5.L sin  C d /2 0 P O it is indeed true that M E O D mP gvP . hg D 1:18108 ft D 22. E O D hEP O .3:99 lbfts/ cos  0:839 kO hO D ˙W g 5. !D .700 km=h rA a r e D A 1 D 7:4510 4 as 5. D 2:32 ft=s r02 The ratio of the orbital sectors is equal to 1.cos 2 sin2 1 cos 1 / sin2 2 5.86 MA D 2m!02 r 5. p b D rP rA s gre2 p .100 ft=s D 6870 mph D 5470 s D 91:2 min vA D 4710 ft=s D 3210 mph vA D 6830 ft=s D 4660 mph s ae3 D 10.102 rg D 1:39108 ft D 26.0/t cos  k.

654 N/ |O t q p 2ghf C 2ghi jFEavg j jpEC pE j D D D 111 jt .122 5.116 Concept problem. 5.140 D 2120 lb 2 d 2 vw Œ1 cos.126 5. 13:6 m=s/ {O TC T C and vEB D . 2011 .138 dB2  kD 5. 2 1 4 pA dA RD 5.4:61 {O C 75:3 |O/ ft=s vEA rEA D dA rEB D dB 5. 5. Plesha (a) vbo D 5530 ft=s D 3770 mph (b) vLM D 54:0 ft=s D 37:0 mph (c) t D 3420 s D 0:950 h (d)  D 180ı ˇ D 5:30ı s 2 rP vP 2GmB (a) v1 D rP 2 (b) rP vP > 2GmB 5. d 2   F D  gL C v02 D 1:10 lb 2 1 4 PA d N D C 5.110 5.142 V D max power D 0ı v0 D 5.112 Gray.87:6 {O C 231 |O/ ft hA D rA re D 7:02106 ft D 1330 mi  D 6860 s D 1:91 h 16 Last modified: January 20.144 4Q2 D 0:354 N.134 m P o D 0:0150 slug=s vo D 4530 ft=s   mf vmax D vo ln 1 C mb M D 4Q2 ` D 0:0707 Nm d 2 gtbo D 1320 ft=s 1 2 vw C vEA D . 21:3 m=s/ {O 100% D 45:3% C D . mg |O/j mg gt T 5.7:71 {O C 126 |O/ ft D .124 5.Engineering Mechanics: Dynamics 1e 5.114 Concept problem.136 1 C vEA C vA C vEB C vB C and vEB D .128 5. Costanzo.130 C  4 Q2 1 g dA2 5.118 4Q2 D 53:4 N.=2/ D 370 lb=ft 4gımax   M v D vo ln gt M m P ot Computer problem.132 5. d 2 p  m q FEavg D 2ghf C 2ghi |O D .37:4 {O C 98:8 |O/ft=s D .120 vB D 29:2 ft=s   mf vmax D vo ln 1 C mb 5.

2011 . Costanzo.2gk / D 16:8 ft 7. Plesha Chapter 7 and dstop D v02 =. 1 2 m.22 1 6 and ˛ET-bar D .20 16:8 lb and O D 5:00 lb p g p  j˛bar jmax D 3 for d D 16 3 3 L or d D L 3C p  3 L The FBD for the problem is OE D Ox {O C Oy |O D .2 tstop D v0 =.12 m1 D m1 D 1 4 m. Nr D 783 lb. m2 D m2 D 3 4 m.aGx / D v=.10 The FBD for the problem is and aGx D 4:71 m=s2 F D 577 lb.14 Rx D .653 {O C 166 |O/ lb and ˇHE ˇ D 674 lb . and NB D 2230 lb ˇ ˇ HE D Hx {O C Hy |O D .16 5 Nm The FBD for the problem is Or D 7. 1320 {O C 48:5 |O/ N 7.k g/ D 1:86 s 7.6  D 18:9ı 7. xP D 2 3L . Ry D 0:0101 N.0:112 N=s2 /t 2 . Nf D 784 lb. 20 Last modified: January 20.18 7. M´ D 3:1110 7.8 tmin D v=.IG /extra D 2 1 6 mL 7. 6:92 rad=s2 / kO Concept problem.s /min D 0:736 7.4 F D 179 N 7.gs / D 1:12 s 7.Engineering Mechanics: Dynamics 1e Gray. 1 2 m.

vG /final D tfinal 7. and ˛s D 0: RC Comparing these equations to Eqs. we will recover exactly the same solution obtained for a particle. 2011 .40 ˛AB D D 12:1 lb mc r 2 tf 2IG C r 2 mc D 6:85 s 3mAB g cos  L.sin  k cos / . then we conclude that the solution obtained under the assumptions given in the problem is not physically admssible.38 (a) F D IG vf r 2 tf (b) . R D . 7. we can see that the sphere in question behaves like a particle of mass m sliding over a semicylinder of radius R C  and therefore if we “shrink” the sphere to a particle by letting  ! 0. Plesha p 2gL.24 Gray.30 The FBD for the problem is and ˛b D TCD D 101 N: and grk 2 kG aEG D aGx {O C aGy |O D . the solution in terms of contact force N . ˛w D 3mAB g sin  cos  R.Engineering Mechanics: Dynamics 1e 7.28 aGx D k g 7. aEB D 3mAB g sin  cos  2mAB C 9mB 21 sin2  {O. second time derivative of the angle  .vG /final =aGx D g.34 separation D 7.R C /P 2 .2mAB C 9mB sin2 / . (5) and (6) in Example 3.36 The FBD for the problem is  D 60:0ı 3 Under the assumption that the contact between the sphere and the semicylinder is frictionless. and angular acceleration of the sphere is as follows: g sin  N D mg cos  m.32 The solution of this problem under the stated assumptions leads to conclusion that the crate starts rotating counterclockwise.2mAB C 9mB sin2 / Last modified: January 20.tf /new D 7.sin  pk cos  C sin / D 18:4 ft=s 2gL. Costanzo.sin  k cos  C sin / D 1:08 s D . 218 for a particle. 7. Since this fact runs contrary to the fact that the force system applied to the crate can only induce a clockwise rotation of the crate.26 tr D 2:41 s and d D 50:7 ft 7.8 on p. 6:45 m=s2 / |O 7.

cos = sin /2 C sin  cos . . ``R C `P2 C `R!P s R2 !s2 D 0 7.3g cos  C 2LP 2 / sin  and R D and 1 C 3 sin2  ˛s D 1:68 rad=s 3.2mA C mAB /g sin  cos  {O.2mA R2 C IO /!P s C 2mA `.64 R.48 xR D 7.46 ac D 1:35 m=s2 .1 cos  1 3 C cos2 . mg (a) Ay D 3 4 mg TCD D 2060 lb. and 2 k R2 C kG P 2  P C mg R2 C kG k   k R P ˛d D 2 . 2/ m.62 (a) aEG D . ! k2 m 1C G xR C kx D mg sin  C kL0 r2 7. Costanzo.2mA C mAB /g sin  cos  ˛w D R. 2011 .56 aAx D 60 g 181 7. 7 g sin  u D 3:74 rad=s2 45g 181R ˛b D 5g sin  . and aEE D and 1 D  .s /min D 7.1 m PR2 {O.42 Gray.52 Computer problem. 0 D 0.R /  (b) aEG D k / P .44 IG D mR2 7.Engineering Mechanics: Dynamics 1e 7.5:65 ft=s2 / |O 22 Last modified: January 20.58 aEG D 7.54 ˛AB D g 2L 7. 7.`P C R!s /2 D 0.66 7.60 R C 7.6mA cos2  C 2mAB C 9mB sin2 / 3.6mA cos2  C 2mAB C 9mB sin2 / 7. aEB D 6mA cos2  C 2mAB C 9mB sin2  3. 7 and FEdue to bowl D mg cos  uO r C 72 mg sin  uO  5g sin  D 0 7.1 C 3 sin2 /   1 2hac Wc 1 C D 736 lb.R2 C kG  2k / k g {O.1 k / g kG m and .2mA C mAB /g cos  ˛AB D L.68 and By D 54 mg   P (b)  D 2 tan 1 . Plesha 3.2g C LP 2 cos / sin  L. 4 g`   2hac 1 D 549 lb.cos = sin / ˛b D and 5 O.50 (a) T D 3130 N. Nf D Wc 1 4 g` W a Fr D c c D 503 lb 2g Nr D (b) Ax D ac Ww g Ay D Wr Fr D Nr D 485 lb 689 lb d 2a I MA D Fr C c B D 522 ftlb 2 d 7.

C 2 . /R 1 CŒ 12 . 2. Costanzo.2d 7.2mb C 3mr / 3g.mb C 2mr / cos2  C 3ghmb mr sin2  D 256 lb. 2011 .1 3 cos /2 (b) Given any (finite) value of s . and Cy D 1330 lb Pmax D 1600 lb 1 vc2 gR ! 7.2d C h/LmC .mb C mr /Œ.d C h/mb C 2hmr  sin  cos  g.2mb C 3mr / d /mb mr tan  D 437 lb.  / 7.90 AB C 2 C 4 AB 1 C 4 .h2 C w 2 / C 41 . there always is a value of  for which the rod will slip.3 cos  2/ sin  and N D 41 mg. tclosure D 1:29 s . Ay D 1330 lb.d C h/.84 . ! ! R2 md R2 Pmax D mc gs 1 C C 2 .d C h/.72 7.mAB C 2mC /L sin   2 2 1 1 1 1 Lm cos  xR C Œ m C m cos  C .74 gŒmb d C h. m C m / sin2 L2 R 2 C A 12 1 2 .mAB C mC /xRA C 12 .13:2 {O Ax D Gray. R2 C 2 C kG F D mg sin  C maGx  D mg sin  m ŒRC sin.2d C h/mC sin  D 0. Cx D 336 lb.88 7.78 ˛AC D R D 1:46 rad=s2 7.mAB C 2mC /gL sin  C h/mC cos  xRA C 21 .Engineering Mechanics: Dynamics 1e 7.76  D tan 7. P 2 sin.80 Computer problem.  / R2 C2 CkG  /ŒgR sin  g cos  R cos.d C h/mb C 2d mr  sin  cos  C g.mAB C 2mC /L cos  R C 21 . aC x D g 1 C 2 .70 25:9 |O/ ft=s2 aEE D . Plesha 3g.2mb C 3mr / aEE D .82 gR sin  g cos  R cos.7:00 {O C 7:06 |O/ ft=s2 Ax D 229 lb.vE /at closure D 1:87 m=s and ˛CE D R D 1:46 rad=s2 7.sin  cos  C 21 g.mb C mr /Œ.2d C h/mC cos  R 1 P 2 1 .2 sin  cos  sin  cos /P 2 C 21 . /P 2 / . and aGx D s g mc kG kG P D 7:59 N and .2mb C 3mr / Ay D Cy D 7.s /min D 0:0462 23 Last modified: January 20. N D mg cos  C maGy  D mg cos  C m  cos.2d C h/LmC .mb C 2mr / cos2  C 3gd mb mr sin2  D 353 lb 2. 2.h 2. C P 2 cos.d C h/.2d C h/m sin  P 2 D 0.  /ŒgR sin  g cos  R cos. D 0: (a) F D 34 mg.  /P 2  2 C2R sin.h d /mb mr tan  Cx D D 629 lb. R D 2 C 2R sin.2d C h/2 mC R 1 sin  cos /P 2 2 .2d C h/LmC .mb C mr /Œmb C 3.2 sin  sin  C cos  cos /R C 41 .2d C h/LmC cos.mb C mr /Œmb C 3.mAB C 2mC /L2 sin  cos  P 2 C 41 .d C h/.  / R2 C2 CkG  / .  /P 2  2 C2R sin.86 7. gŒmb h C d.

24 vO D 10:9 ft=s 8. Costanzo.8 T D 8.26 nmin D 26 (a) vperson D 26:5 ft=s 8.30 Ufriction D 8.000 ftlb 1 2 ŒI R2 C H 2 . 8.2Md=R/ kd 2 !2 D 2 C R2 / m.14 Lf D 34:1 ft 8.2 TA D TB D 518 J 8.000 ftlb 8.1:72 kgm2 =s/ kO 3 AB D m ! R2 kO D . s .12 and TR2 D 15.Engineering Mechanics: Dynamics 1e Gray.s /max D 0:371 and slide D 35:1ı 8.4 TR1 D 7760 ftlb 8.40 vC D 4:96 m=s 8.7:20 kgm2 =s/ kO CD BC AB D 1 3 mCD HR!AB kO D .20 8.46 M D 32:9 Nm Pmax D 132 W 8.28 Ufracture D 8.32 kD 8.1 C cos / ˇ ˇ v ı D 10:8 m=s person  D0 8.22 M D 2:06106 ftlb p vperson D vG D 2gH.7:75 kgm2 =s/ kO 24 Last modified: January 20.36 WP D 8.cos f cos i / D 318 J 364 ftlb 2 C g.mA C 2mS / C 2mS rS . hEA  D AB (a) hEA  (b) hED BC  1 m R2 !AB kO D .34 ı D 1:03 ft 8.H d /.50 8.6 T D 324. 2011 .IA C mBC R2 /!AB D 25:3 J 2H 2 D Computer problem.38 vmax D 6:39 ft=s 8.44 vB D 2:21 m=s In Á B is moving to the left.52 1 2 gŒLA .kG 2M ds D kR 8.42 vS D 7:53 m=s 8.18 8.44:1 rad=s/ kO Concept problem.16 Concept problem.10 T D 28:9 ftlb 8.48 .H C 2ı0 d / 2 vA2 3gH 2 3gH C 6vA2 W D 800 lb and !ED D . Plesha Chapter 8 8.L C d W vmax 2H / D 11:3 lb=ft 2g . 8.