Judaism Test Review Sheet

Know All Homework, Vocabulary & Notes Plus…
#’s of Jews in the world Race/Ethnicity/Cultural Group Documentary Hypothesis Torah God’s names Hebrew Scriptures, Tanakh Creation Stories, Patriarchs 14 million Judaism is not a race or ethnicity. It is a religion and it is a cultural heritage that can be passed down. is a theory that says the Torah was written by different authors. It’s 4 components are J (Yahwist), E (Elohist), D (Deuteronomy), and P (Priestly) authors. is the first 5 books of the Bible. Yahweh, YHWH, Elohim, Adonai, haShem is the corpus of the Hebrew Scriptures. TNK is an acronym for Torah (law), Nevi’im (Prophets), and Ketuvim (Writings). The difference between Genesis 1 and 2 is that in 1, it focuses on when God creates heaven and earth in 7 days and in 2, it focuses on when God creates Adam and Eve. Next there is the flood myth of Noah and the Arc. The patriarchs are Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. is the father of the patriarchs. led the migration from Mesopotamia/Egypt to Canaan. He freed his people from Egypt (the Exodus). is the son of Isaac.He has 4 wives, 12 sons and 1 daughter. was one of the greatest kings of Israel. was the son of David, and king of Israel. He builds the Temple in Jerusalem. is the emperor praised for his freeing of the Jews in Babylon. invaded Northern Israel in 722 BCE. destroyed Jerusalem in 587 BCE. - - - ?? The Temple was destroyed many times. It was never finally rebuilt. See chart. was an intra-Jewish civil war in 166 BCE. It was started by a group of resistance fighters. The Maccabees disagreed witht eh Hellenized Jews and Roman authority. They’re victory is celebrated through Hannukah. See chart. See chart. See chart. was in 587 BCE. The people elaborated a hope for a restoration of the Davidic kingship as a sign of God’s loyalty to his covenant people. is when the Pharisaic traditions were refurbished for a new national purpose. After the Temple was destroyed, Rabbis began to lead the Jewish heritage. They were the chief custodians instead of the priests. , also known as Rambam, lived between 1135 and 1204 CE and was from Cordoba, Spain. His major philosophical treatsie was called The Guide for the Perplexed. His greatest achievement is his effort to resolve the tensions between faith and knowledge. Maimonides believed that the more rational we are, the more moral we can be. He thinks there is a harmonious relationship between relgion and science. A rabbi is a teacher and legal specialist. They are the chief custodians for Judaism. Rabbi means “great one,” “leader,” “master,” and “teacher.” is a place of assembly, study, and prayer. is the religious leader of the Hasidic Jews. is the removal of the male’s foreskin on the 8th day of life. It is the most

Abraham Moses Jacob David Solomon Cyrus Assyrians Babylonians Romans History of the Temple in Jerusalem Pharisees Maccabean Revolt Zealots Essenes Sadducees Babylonian Exile Rabbinic Judaism Maimonides

Rabbi Synagogue Tzaddik Circumcision

characteristic ritual of Judaism. is the next layer of interpretation after the Mishnah. It comments on the Mishnah. is the dispersal of the Jews from Israel. A Bar mitzvah is when a teenager reads a selection from 1 of the 5 books of Moses and Prophets and the Bible. is the ritual Passover dinner. is the principle text of the Kabbalah. It describes the feminie aspect of God as a blue light. is the first 5 books of the Old Testament. attempts to explain the heritage of the law. It was composed in 200 CE. It summarized the application of the traditional law as the Pharasaic-rabbinic movement interpreted it. is the prayer recited by children, usually sons, for the dead. It is recited daily for a year. The prayer itself praises God and His miracles. is Jewish Mysticism. It literally means “received tradition.” It is a teaching that grew from Mysticisim. Its central aspects incuted an interest in the human figer of God, heavenly ascents, magical spells and motifs, and apocalyptic/revelatory writings. is under Jewish Mysticism founded by Bali Sheem. It is from 18th century Poland. is the belief that Israel has a right to exist as a democratic Jewish state. It was founded by Theodore Herzl. is the Bible interpretation by rabbis. It means “interpretation” or “commentary.” is the prayer shawl used during prayer. It is usually blue and white with fringes. is the lipstick sized scroll on the door frame that contains the Shema and similar passages. is a ram’s horn used to “wake up the congregation from moral slumber” to remind them to consider their deeds the past year. is a narrative or story. It is the Passover liturgy that tells Jes to looks on himself on having experienced the deliverance of the Exodus. is the marriage canopy held over a couple while they marry. It is the hours for receiving visitors to the house 7 days after the burial of the dead. (New Year) each year begins with new moon at Fall equinox. (Day of Atonement) is the most solemn day of the year. Jews consider their deeds of the past year. It is the Final Judgement. celebrates the Maccabean Jews’ victory over their oppressors and the purification and rededication of the Temple. It is celebrated by and 8 day lighting of the menorah. was proclaimed as an independent state in May 1948.

Talmud Diaspora Bat mitzvah, Bar mitzvah Seder Zohar Pentateuch Mishnah Kaddish Kabbalah

Hasidism Zionism Midrash Tallith Mezuzoth Shofar Haggadah Huppah Sitting Shiva Rosh Hashanah Yom Kippur Hanukkah Israel (statehood)

Be able to: ● Write out the Shema, explain what it means and know the verse where it is found in scripture “Hear, O Israel! The Lord is our God, the LORD alone.” - Deuteronomy 6:4 The Shema is the bold statement of monotheism made by the Jews. ● Name and describe in detail all Jewish holidays Rosh Hashanah see above↑ Yom Kippur see above ↑ Hannukah see above ↑ Purim is a minor festival in March that recalls the deliverance of the Jews in Persia from destruction at the hands of Hamon. It is like Halloween and Mardi Graas.

Passover is a spring holiday that commemorates the Exodus. Jews have seder dinner and they listen to the Haggadah. Name and define the three prominent forms of Judaism in North America and explain the differences between them (with concrete examples)


● Draw the “circle of interpretation” of the Torah and define and explain each of the rings.

Explain the difference between Zionism, Hasidism, Kabbalah and Orthodox Judaism - - - ??



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