MCAT Pop Quiz

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Try the following questions to test your MCAT skills. Biology (Questions 1–2)
In an attempt to develop a vaccine for pneumonia, Fred Griffith performed a series of experiments in 1928 using mice and two strains of the pneumococcus bacteria: a virulent encapsulated strain and a nonvirulent unencapsulated strain. The encapsulated strain was called the “smooth strain” because the colonies looked smooth on a culture plate due to their polysaccharide capsules, whereas the unencapsulated strain was denoted as the “rough strain” due to the irregularity of its surface. Four different groups of mice were injected with different combinations of the bacterial strains. The experimental results are shown in Table 1. Table 1 Results of Griffith’s experiment Mice 1 2 3 4 Injected Bacteria Live smooth Live rough Heat-killed smooth Heat-killed smooth + live rough Result Died Survived Survived Died 2. If Griffith had injected a fifth group of mice with a combination of heat-killed rough strain and heat-killed smooth strain, would the mice have died? A. No, because the heat-killed rough strain cannot infect mice. B. No, because the heat-killed smooth strain cannot transform mice cells C. Yes, because the heat-killed rough strain is trans formed into the smooth strain D. Yes, because the mice do not have acquired immunity to pneumococcus bacteria.

Physics
3. In which of the following cases will the normal force on a box be the greatest? A. When the box is placed in a stationary elevator B. When the box is placed in an elevator moving up wards at constant velocity C. When the box is placed in an elevator accelerating downward D. When the box is placed in an elevator accelerating upward

Autopsies performed on Group 4 mice revealed blood samples filled with live smooth-strain bacteria. Some component had been transferred from the heat-killed smoothstrain bacteria to the live rough-strain bacteria, transforming them into the virulent smooth-strain bacteria. This process later became known as transformation. Griffith believed the protein from the dead smooth-strain bacteria was the active transforming agent. 1. A colony of smooth strain bacteria is grown on a culture containing an experimental drug that cleaves nucleic acid base sequences wherever adenine is paired with uracil. Which of the following processes will be directly affected? i. Transcription ii. Translation iii. Transformation A. B. C. D. I only I and II only I and III only I, II and III

Organic Chemistry
4. Which of the following addition reactions occurs the fastest?

A. I, because a primary cation is formed in the ratedetermining step B. II, because the cation formed in the rate-determining step is stabilized through an inductive effect C. III, because a secondary cation which is resonancestabilized is formed in the rate-determining step D. II, because a secondary cation which is resonancestabilized is formed in the rate-determining step

†Conditions and restrictions apply. the United Kingdom. Mexico. it is not because the heat-killed smooth strain cannot transform mice cells. Kaplan-trained MCAT students know how to read a passage and annotate it. In other words. This is an example of a question that requires you to understand information given in a passage and. without wasting valuable time.com/hsg. using critical thinking skills. Classes are starting soon. Therefore.Biology Passage Explained 2. Acquired immunity is the kind of immunity one gets from a vaccine. So. For complete guarantee eligibility requirements. † *MCAT is a registered trademark of the Association of American Medical Colleges. if Griffith had injected a fifth group of mice with a combination of heat-killed smooth strain and heat-killed rough strain the mice would have lived. Canada. The Higher Score Guarantee applies only to Kaplan courses taken and completed within the United States. apply this knowledge to a new situation. all of the progeny inherited the ability to manufacture the capsule. Bacterial cells can transform other bacterial cells. so that they can quickly find exactly the information they need to answer a particular question. whether they are encapsulated or not.com/mcat Higher MCAT sco re guaranteed or your money back . and could now infect the mice and kill them. A The only reason that the combination of heat-killed smooth strain plus live rough strain killed the Group 4 mice was because smooth-strain DNA coding for the polysaccharide capsule was incorporated into the genome of the rough strain. it is usually not permanent. Puerto Rico. choice (A) is correct. Enroll today! 1-800-KAP-TEST | kaptest. cannot reproduce and cause infection because their DNA has been denatured. they cannot transform animal cells or plant cells.com/mcatpopquiz to get detailed explanations of all questions. When the rough strain bacteria reproduced. Choice (B) is incorrect because even though the mice would live. The key to the transformation was that the rough strain reproduced. . the rough strain had been transformed into the smooth strain. Want to learn more? Visit kaptest. Heat-killed bacteria. visit kaptest. Choices (C) and (D) are incorrect because the mice would survive. and France.

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