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Human error is still one of the most frequent causes of catastrophe and ecological disasters. The main reason is that the monitoring systems concern only the state of the processes where as human contribution to the overall performance of the system is left unsupervised. Since the control instruments are automated to a large extent, a human operator becomes a passive observer of the supervised system, which results in weariness and vigilance drop. Thus, he may not notice important changes of indications causing financial or ecological consequences and a threat to human life. It therefore is crucial to assure that the operator’s conscious brain is involved in an active system supervising over the whole work time period. It is possible to measure indirectly the level of the operator’s conscious brain involvement using eye motility analysis.
INTRODUCTION: What is BlueEyes? ? BLUE EYES is a technology, which aims at creating computational machines that have perceptual and sensory abilities like those of human beings. ? The basic idea behind this technology is to give computer human power. ? For example, we can understand humans’ emotional state by his facial expressions. If we add these perceptual abilities to computers, we would enable them to work together with human beings as intimate partners. ? It provides technical means for monitoring and recording human-operator’s physiological condition.
What is BlueEyes not? ? Doesn’t predict nor interfere with operator’s thoughts. ? Cannot force directly the operator to work. How was the term blue-eyes coined? ? Blue in this term stands for Bluetooth, which enables reliable wireless communication and the Eyes because the eye movement enables us to obtain a lot of interesting and important information.
How are blue and eyes related? ? As the idea is to monitor and record operator’s basic physiological parameters, the most important
operator's voice and overall view of the control room recording recorded data playback. How can we give computer the human power? ? It uses non-obtrusive sensing method. it’s crucial that operator’s brain is involved in an active system supervising over the whole work time period. blood oxygenation). employing most modern video cameras and microphones to . wiring between operator and the system is required. it understands the situation and establishes a connection. ? It can even understand your emotions at the touch of the mouse. where he is looking at. resulting in weariness and vigilance drop.physiological activity is the movement of eyes. ? Physiological condition monitoring (pulse rate. feel your presence. ? It can verify your identity. ? Operator’s position detection (standing. ? Real-time user-defined alarm triggering. because human contribution to the overall performance of the system is left unsupervised. human error is still one of the most frequent causes of catastrophes (calamity) and ecological disasters. and start interacting with you. which is a threat to human life. But. Need for blue eyes? Is it necessary to make computer function what a human brain does? ? Yes. ? For a computer to sense the eye movement. ? It realizes the urgency of the situation through the mouse. lying). ? Thus. But Why? Is it really needed that a human brain be active? ? He may not notice important changes of indications causing financial or ecological consequences. Key features of the system: ? Visual attention monitoring (eye motility analysis). etc. but the user needs to active. and even realize his physical or emotional states. this is a serious limitation of the operator’s mobility and disables his operations in large control rooms. ? Physiological data. ? The machine can understand what a user wants. ? The control instruments within the machine have automated it to large extent. thus Human operator becomes a passive observer of the supervised system. ? So utilization of wireless technology becomes essential which can be implemented through blue tooth technology. What can we do with blue eyes technology? ? It has the ability to gather information about you and interact with you through special techniques like facial recognition. ? Wireless data acquisition using Bluetooth technology. ? It can reconstruct the course of operator’s work. speech recognition. ? For instance if you ask the computer to dial to your friend at his office.
? As the operator using his sight and hearing. ? Jazz Multisensor: • It’s an eye movement sensor. ? Introducing voice recognition algorithm will facilitate the communication between the operator and the central system and simplify authorization process. OVERALL SYSTEM DIAGRAM DATA ACQUISITION UNIT: ? It maintains Bluetooth connections. heart beat rate and blood oxygenation against abnormal and undesirable values and triggers user-defined alarms when necessary. ? The use of a miniature CMOS camera integrated into the eye movement sensor will enable the system to calculate the point of gaze and observe what the operator is actually looking at. senses the state of the controlled system. • Eye movement can be measured using direct infrared oculographic transducers. ? Provides visualization interface. ? Blue eyes technology requires designing a personal area network linking all the operators and the supervising system. STRUCTURE: ? Blue eyes system consists of a mobile measuring device called Data Acquisition Unit (DAU) and a central analytical system called Central System Unit (CSU). • It supplies raw digital data regarding eye position. JAZZ MULTISENSOR CENTRAL SYSTEM UNIT: ? Maintains blue tooth connections in the other side. TYPES OF USERS: ? Users belong to three categories: • Operators • Supervisors • System administrators . ? The blue eyes system checks the physiological parameters like eye movement. the supervising system will look after his physiological condition. the level of blood oxygenation acceleration along horizontal and vertical axes and ambient light intensity. ? Handles personalized ID cards. ? Gets information from the sensor. ? Buffers incoming sensor data. to provide necessary physiological data in Data Acquisition Unit (DAU). ? Sends information over the wireless connection.identify the users’ actions through the use of imparted sensory abilities. ? Performs on-line data analysis. ? Records the conclusion for further exploration. ? Delivers the alarm messages sent from the Central System Unit (CSU) to the operator.
recognize human presents.. 1988. . ADMINISTRATIVE APPLICATIONS: ? Blue Eyes system can be applied in every working environment requiring permanent operator's attention. authorization is said to be complete. ? The administrator is delivered tools for adding new operators to the database. ? Receiving Alerts: This function supplies the operator with the most important alerts about his and his co-workers’ condition and mobile device state. ? The only functions offers to the operator are Authorization to the system and receiving alarm alerts.Carpenter R. ? Creating new analyzer modules. Morgan Kaufmann Publishers.5 programs for machine learning. C4. ? These new possibilities can cover areas such as industry.San Mateo. System Administrator: ? He is the user that maintains the system. CONCLUSION: ? The wireless link between the sensors worn by the operator and the supervising system makes it possible to improve overall reliability. London. safety and assures proper quality of system performance. REFERENCES: 1. ? At flight control centers. Pion Limited. listen. Defining alarm conditions. military command centers or operation theaters. Supervisor: ? He is the person responsible for analyzing operators’ condition and performance. ? The supervisor receives tools for inspecting present values of the parameters (on-line browsing) as well as browsing the results of the long-term analysis (off-line browsing). tiredness. California. 2nd edition. S. ? At captain bridges. ? Authorization: Operator has to enter his personal PIN into DAU. ? It avoids potential threats resulting from human errors. 1993.Operator: ? Operator is a person whose physiological parameters are supervised.Quinlan J. H. ? Professional drivers. ? Configuring logging tools. such as weariness. ? Researchers are attempting to add more capabilities to computers that will allow them to interact like humans. ? The operator wears the DAU. 2. transportation. R. or even guess their feelings. talk.. ? At power plant control rooms. if PIN is accepted. oversight. Movements of the eyes.
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