CONTENTS

VOCABULARY RESOURCE

EMCParadigm Publishing Saint Paul, Minnesota

CONTENTS

Staff Credits
Editorial
Laurie Skiba Managing Editor Lori Ann Coleman Editorial Consultant Brenda Owens High School Editor Rebecca Palmer Associate Editor Nichola Torbett Associate Editor Jennifer Joline Anderson Assistant Editor Mary Curfman National Language Arts Consultant Paul Spencer Art and Photo Researcher Joan Freese Educational Writer Layout and Production by Precision Graphics, Inc.

Cover Credits
Cover Designer: C. Vern Johnson The Fate of Animals [Detail], 1913. Franz Marc. Saint George and the Dragon [Detail], c.1400s. Spanish artist. Tornado Over Kansas [Detail], 1929. John Stuart Curry.

ISBN 0-8219-2030-8 ©2002 EMC Corporation All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be adapted, reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise without permission from the publisher. Published by EMC/Paradigm Publishing 875 Montreal Way St. Paul, Minnesota 55102 800-328-1452 www.emcp.com E-mail: educate@emcp.com Printed in the United States of America 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 XXX 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11

CONTENTS

Contents
To the Teacher . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv To the Student . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii Unit 1 “The Goodness of Matt Kaizer” “Eleven” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . “Why?” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . “Ta-Na-E-Ka” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . “The All-American Slurp” . . . . . Unit 2 “How Robin Hood Saved the Widow’s Three Sons” from Still Me . . . . . . . . . . “Joyriding” . . . . . . . . . . . A Woman Called Truth . . . “Priscilla and the Wimps” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2 4 6 8 Unit 7 “The Creation” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . “The Twelve Labors of Hercules” . . . . . . . . . . Getting into Storytelling: Of Myths, Legends, and Stories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . “The Singing, Springing Lark” . . . . . . . . . . . . “The Magic Mortar” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . “The Cow of No Color” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . “Don’t Step on a Crack” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Unit 8 “All Summer in a Day” . . . . . . . . . . . “The Woman and the Wolf” . . . . . . . “I, Hungry Hannah Cassandra Glen” “Raymond’s Run” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . “The Boy Who Talked with Animals” “Potter’s Gray” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Unit 9 Getting into Poetry: Power of the Pen . . . . . . . . Poetry: Imagery and Shape Poetry: Sound . . . . . . . . . . Poetry: Narrative . . . . . . . . Poetry: Lyric . . . . . . . . . . . . Poetry: Translated Verse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 . . 63 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 66 67 68 72 78 79 81 82 84 86

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Unit 3 “The Face of the Deep Is Frozen” “The Springhill Disaster” . . . . . . . “The Cutoff: The Story of the Donner Party” . . . . . . . . . . “The Wreck of the Hesperus” . . . . “Big Wind” and “Child on Top of a Greenhouse” . . . . . . . . . . . . . Unit 4 “My Friend Flicka” . . “Rikki-Tikki-Tavi” . . . “Zlateh the Goat” . . “Shelter Shock” . . . . “Cat on the Go” . . . . from Ranch of Dreams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Unit 10 “All the World’s a Stage” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 The Ugly Duckling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 In the Fog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101 Unit 11 “Madam C. J. Walker” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . “Satchel Paige” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . from Geronimo’s Story of His Life . . . . . . . . . . from Gorillas in the Mist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . “The Five ‘Wanderers’ of the Ancient Skies” “Night” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . “A Breath of Fresh Air?” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102 103 104 106 108 109 111 112 113 115 117 118 119

Unit 5 “The Creation of Music” . . “Forever Young” . . . . . . . . “Scarborough Fair” . . . . . . “Nothing But Drums” and “Three/Quarters Time” from To Be or Not to Bop . . .

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Unit 6 from The Hobbit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . “The Tunnel” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . “Dragon, Dragon” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . “The Rebellion of the Magical Rabbits”

Unit 12 Getting into Media: Contests! . . . . . . . . . . . . “Earth from Space” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . from Dear Ms. Demeanor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . “Beads & Bangles” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . “Hearing Under Siege” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . from The Adventures of Tintin: The Black Island

Answer Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 Index of Topics and Activities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164

© EMC

D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E

VOCABULARY RESOURCE

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Teacher-made vocabulary assessments are most often objective tests that require students to match words with definitions. AND TERMS FROM THE SELECTION. iv VOCABULARY RESOURCE R E S P O N D I N G T O L I T E R AT U R E © EMC .” What. should effective vocabulary instruction include? Brain research has shown that important factors in the retention of new information are multiple exposure and meaningful practice. however. Students should be inundated with words so that their incidental exposure to new vocabulary occurs as frequently as possible. The Vocabulary Resource provides lessons and activities in vocabulary and spelling that correspond with the selections of the textbook. The words may be. that students should be bombarded with long lists of words to memorize every week. PHRASES. you will be able to provide a very rich base for meaningful vocabulary instruction. But what is “meaningful vocabulary instruction”? The study of literature has traditionally included some vocabulary study. According to Stahl and Fairbanks (1986). This does not mean. then. Allen (1999) states that students must encounter and use words in a meaningful context ten to fifteen times before the words become their own. Many of the activities in this book group words in these ways. Based upon the difficulty level of the literature selection and the knowledge level of students. LITERATURE AND THE LANGUAGE ARTS. Words grouped by topic. Well-intentioned English and reading teachers. drilland-practice methods. or root and affix construction help to provide a contextual base for learning new vocabulary. which involve repetitions of the same type of information about a target word using only associative processing. A limited number of select words. should be emphasized for direct instruction and assessment. students should be held responsible for no more than ten to twenty new words per week. “Methods that provided only definitional information about each to-be-learned word did not produce a reliable effect on comprehension.” Allen (1999) asserts that students need “extensive reading and direct instruction in word-learning strategies in order to become fluent. Those words appear in this book under the heading REVIEW: VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION. often spend an extensive amount of time selecting words from a piece of literature and having students define the words before they read. such as those highlighted in the Words for Everyday Use section of the text. IDIOMS. The complementary Word Study Resource offers additional vocabulary and spelling projects and assignments within a scope and sequence that highlights skills to be mastered at each grade level. Sometimes the decision about which words are emphasized is based on how frequently they appear in the media or on standardized tests and college entrance exams. Teachers of literature want students to increase their vocabularies so that they can comprehend what they hear and read and may speak and write effectively in a variety of situations. the first ingredient of effective vocabulary instruction is a word-rich environment. spelling pattern. By using the Vocabulary Resource in conjunction with the Word Study Resource. in the opinion of the teacher. the list of words to be learned is sometimes quite long. students are often asked to work independently to look them up in a dictionary or glossary. However. Also. Although some teachers provide definitions or lead the class in discussions to arrive at consensus on the meanings of the words. Additional vocabulary from each selection or grouping of selections is listed in GET TO KNOW: ADDITIONAL EXPRESSIONS. The motives behind this practice are praiseworthy. independent readers. did not appear to have reliable effects on what they read and hear or to be able to use new words correctly in their own writing and speaking. Therefore. Depending on their developmental level.CONTENTS To the Teacher Introduction The purpose of this Vocabulary Resource is to assist teachers in providing meaningful vocabulary instruction while studying the literature selections in THE EMC MASTERPIECE SERIES. very aware of the limits of their students’ word knowledge. essential to the meaning of the text or may simply be words the teacher knows students will be least familiar with. educational research does not support the most common practices in teaching vocabulary. The words should be reviewed and recycled throughout the school year. Explicit teaching using a variety of strategies and opportunities to read or hear new words in various contexts provides students the repeated exposure they need.

Another key principle of effective vocabulary instruction is that it must be multi-sensory. Activating students’ prior knowledge of both words and the essential concepts related to the words helps students make associations among the new terms and words they already know. the teacher should create student-friendly contexts in which to teach new words. © EMC R E S P O N D I N G T O L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE v . and listen. it should help create word-curious students who are confident in their ability to attack. Moreover. Or pairs of students can create the sentences. play word games. Seuss. as well as define it. Word play should be encouraged. It must rely on the application of word knowledge and word-learning strategies. Students can practice effective speaking techniques by giving a brief impromptu speech comparing and contrasting two recently learned vocabulary words.” encouraged to use all the structural and context clues they can find to “solve” the mystery of a new word. In addition to having students create their own sentences. and experiment with new words. Thus. It must actively engage students in using new words as they read. They can make jokes. By studying vocabulary and spelling within the context of the literature they are reading. An additional advantage of this type of test is that alternative answers that can be justified help students recognize synonyms and alternative ways of saying the same thing. and the teacher can select ones to be included on the test. semantic families. word parts. direct instruction of vocabulary should include visual clues. Many innovative activities in this book challenge students to use the words they are studying in their own writing and speaking. tactile experiences. so that students are able to connect them to personal experience. and create and define their own words in the style of E. In a language-rich classroom. Also supported by brain research is the knowledge that retention of new information is increased when more than one of the senses is involved in learning. speak. E. vocabulary study must be more meaningful than mechanical. write. Repeated teacher and peer modeling of word attack skills is also important. They should then be able to describe it and use it. The Vocabulary Resource allows teachers and students to work with words on many levels and encourages learners to explore with enthusiasm the meanings and spellings of words and the relationships among words. They can create charts of word categories or examples and non-examples of correct usage based upon their knowledge of target words and their meanings. and example sentences. and spelling patterns and rules. Lessons in the Vocabulary Resource provide many different ways of exploring and studying words. and kinesthetic response as well as auditory input. Many of the activities in this book allow students to be creative and innovative in studying words. The more actively students are engaged in word study. students using this Vocabulary Resource can connect the words they examine with the topics and themes in the reading. correct spelling. can integrate appropriate target vocabulary.CONTENTS It is also essential that vocabulary instruction include a variety of strategies. Students can make vocabulary cards that include color and illustrations with class-consensus definitions. the greater their vocabularies will become. Vocabulary learners should be “word detectives. such as practicing the type of timed writings students often encounter on state proficiency exams. Students using this Vocabulary Resource will have the opportunity to work and play with words on many levels and use multi-sensory approaches to the words they study. It must be tied to reading a variety of literature selections. Even weekly vocabulary tests should involve using new words in sentences rather than matching them with the correct definitions. Students must have meaningful opportunities to write and speak using new words. Talking about how words relate to their own lives helps students discern levels and shades of meaning. Other language arts activities. teachers should write fillin-the-blank tests containing context-rich sentences in which students write in the correct word. In short. learn. A successful vocabulary program deepens and enriches the reading experience. Students need to see teachers and other students applying and talking through the strategies they use to approach and demystify new words. They can act out words or create mental pictures as mnemonics. Cummings or Dr. finding vocabulary words in print and non-print media and sharing them with the rest of the class helps reinforce new words and concepts. And ideally.

Spelling in Use: Looking Closely at Spelling in Whole Language Classrooms. Massachusetts: Christopher-Gordon Publishers. San Diego. Lester L. Bear. Samuels. and Francine Johnston. California: The Brain Store. Laminack.. 1999. Janet.. vi VOCABULARY RESOURCE R E S P O N D I N G T O L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . and M. Maine: Stenhouse Publishers. Fairbanks. Jensen.” Review of Educational Research 56.CONTENTS REFERENCES Allen. Inc. Vocabulary. and Katie Wood. Illinois: National Council of Teachers of English. Norwood. and Spelling Instruction. S. Upper Saddle River. 1996. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall. Words Their Way: Word Study for Phonics. Urbana. Super Teaching. 1998. Words. Eric. Inc. Into Focus: Understanding and Creating Middle School Readers. Shane Templeton. Kylene and Barbara G. Words. eds. 1986. Beers. Stahl. Donald R. 721-810. “The Effects of Vocabulary Instruction: A Model-Based Meta-Analysis. 1996. 1995. Words: Teaching Vocabulary in Grades 4-12. York. Marcia Invernizzi.

you can include a brief definition. in which you can keep track of the new words you encounter. on the radio and television. Word study does not have to be limited to memorization of word lists and definitions. you will be able to make reasonable conclusions about these words. writer. Become aware of the language around you and master it. a picture. a sentence using the word in context. you may have trouble thinking of the right word to express what you want to say. or a biography. a phonetic description of the pronunciation of the word. and it can help you to increase the number of words in your vocabulary and to remember how to spell those words. you will be a more successful writer. © EMC R E S P O N D I N G T O L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE vii . When you are reading. When you write. and listener. Working and playing with words is an important part of making yourself a proficient reader. you can really make great strides in increasing your vocabulary and spelling skills. Studying words and language can help you to tackle those unfamiliar words as you read. You may notice that word meaning and spelling are interconnected and that by studying one aspect of a word (meaning).CONTENTS To The Student Introduction If you are like most people. and anything else that will help you master the word. Keeping a Word Study Notebook You may want to keep a word study notebook. By learning how to use specific skills to tackle unfamiliar words as you read. a newspaper article. and out in the community. speaker. you learn a lot about another (spelling). a poem. in your own work. you often encounter unfamiliar words when you read—whether you are reading a story. Besides recording the word. By expanding your vocabulary and developing your knowledge of common spelling rules and patterns. Words surround you every day—in print. or you might not remember the correct spelling of a word.

might remember to use s if she thinks of the word safety when writing defense. holding it horizontally. COVER. use the middle column to write the word and check it. VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION. You may want to keep a list of these patterns and common rules to refer to when you are writing. Using a word study notebook certainly can help you with spelling words. a student who frequently misspells defense as defence. Insert your paper into the folder. You can come up with memory aids of your own and keep them in your word study notebook. REVIEW: a list of the Words for Everyday Use from the selection or selections. you may want to work with some memory aids for spelling. Another technique is a series of steps: 1) look at the word closely 2) say the word out loud 3) cover the word and picture it in your mind 4) write the word 5) check your spelling 6) rewrite the word correctly. write: WRITE and CHECK. This book contains activities for each literature selection or group of selections in your textbook. Cut the front of a manila folder into thirds from the top down to the crease.CONTENTS Spelling Memory Aids If your focus is on the correct spelling of words. write: REWRITE. Turn the folder upside down and write the following words on the left flap: LOOK. Spelling comes easier for many people if they are able to memorize certain patterns that occur frequently in English. is shown R E S P O N D I N G T O L I T E R AT U R E viii VOCABULARY RESOURCE © EMC . After doing the first three steps. connecting the idea of safety to defense in her mind. and SEE. This technique works well with a flip folder. On blank sheets of paper. Write words you want to practice in the left column. with a c instead of an s. SAY. make three columns across the page. On the center flap. On the right flap. For example. Some students may find that creating memory aids of their own can help them to remember the correct spellings of certain words. Then rewrite the word in the third column.

Inc. Samuel C. New York. Kensler. Deptula. Julius Liebb. PHRASES. 1984. Hauppauge. David. 1990. Hauppauge. ed. GET TO KNOW: ADDITIONAL EXPRESSIONS.CONTENTS with selections that contain Words for Everyday Use. 1998. or you may want to add some of them to your word study notebook. Chris. 2000. 504 Absolutely Essential Words. IDIOMS. New York: Learning Express. Your teacher may want you to study the terms in these lists. Downing. New York. 1998. Vocabulary Builder. New York. SAT Verbal Velocity. New York: Kaplan Books. AND TERMS FROM THE SELECTION introduces additional words that may be unfamiliar to you. New York: Barron’s Educational Series. you will find the material you read more interesting. Bromberg. Edward. Activities that follow these lists highlight specific concepts and strategies that you can learn and then use as you encounter new words in your reading and include them in your writing. the more fun it can be! RESOURCES Brownstein. Always keep in mind that language is a basic form of expression. Inc. and the more you use and appreciate it. © EMC R E S P O N D I N G T O L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE ix . and Arthur Traiger. and your own writing and speech will become more colorful. and Mitchel Weiner. Murray. 303 Dumb Spelling Mistakes…and What You Can Do about Them. Everything You Need to Score High on the SAT and PSAT. New York: Barron’s Educational Services. Meyers. Illinois: National Textbook Company. New York: Macmillan General Reference. As you master the English language. Lincolnwood. Judith N. Vocabulary and Spelling Success in 20 Minutes a Day. 1996.

configure conform. subfloor above superstar. maligned wrongly mistake. prologue again. hydrolic reject. biography chronic. accredited. unhappy under underweight. geology autograph. automatic biology. disguise not illogical. interject. eject location. coexist opposite defrost. chronological credible. antibody together cooperate. impossible. irmalmisnonoverpreproresemisubsupertransununder- COMMON PREFIXES Meaning Examples against antigen. predict. tell form form earth write water throw move hand move Examples actor. retract half semicircle under substandard. superfluous across transatlantic. in-. decipher not. relocate. audience. nonsmoker over overlook. misfire not nonsense. irrational bad malformed. undersea COMMON WORD ROOTS Root act ambi/amphi aud auto bio chron cred dict fig form geo graph hydr ject loc man mot Meaning do both hear self life time believe speak. recall. verdict figure. forward proceed. opposite of dislike. im-. promote.CONTENTS Prefix anticodedisil-. back redo. allocate manual. automotive x VOCABULARY RESOURCE R E S P O N D I N G T O L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . transfer not unethical. premature before. paragraph hydrology. audition autobiography. transact ambidextrous. inoperable. react. formulate geography. amphibian auditory. oversee before prefix. incredible dictate. manufacture motor.

bilious trees. significant inspect. revolution COMMON SUFFIXES Suffix -able/-ible -age -al -ant/-ent -dom -ed -er -er/-or -est -ful -ic -ing -ion/-tion -ity/-ty -ive -less -ly -ment Meaning can be done action or process having one who state or quality of past tense of verb comparative one who superlative full of having present participle of verb act. import. transport cosign. joyous. boredom walked. possible marriage. thinking. gleeful. visual. actor. product or thing state of possessing the qualities of plural form of noun characterized by Examples attainable. assistant freedom. debtor adjective lowest. governmental defendant. drag see roll pedal. static running. spectacle. adverb action or process. synonym afar telephone. shorter lawyer. fragment kindness. retract. fixed adjective higher. craziest. process state of performs or tends toward without characteristic of. acted. being revolution. tallest helpful. dirty. involve. amusement. flowery -ness -ous -s/-es -y © EMC R E S P O N D I N G T O L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE xi . calmer. woeful characteristics of scientific. government. careless slowly. television tractor. pedestrian population. martyrdom. siblings happy. state or quality. popular portable. happiness generous. studiously. contract evidence. ointment. infinity creative. occasion longevity. amazement. respect synergy. signal. voyage characteristics of personal. smartly development. video revolve.CONTENTS ped pop port sign spect syn tele tract vid/vis vol/volv foot people carry mark see together from pull. pensive homeless.

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__________________________________ B. baddest of the bad 4. Then write a definition for each. gross 2. __________________________________ 13. __________________________________ D. AND OTHER TERMS FROM THE SELECTION ate it up gross you’re chicken baddest of the bad stank SPEAKING SLANG Slang is informal language used by a group of people who use new words and different meanings for old words. you’re chicken 5. ate it up 3. __________________________________ F. Then trade quizzes with a classmate and see how you both do. Slang Phrases 8. __________________________________ C. sweet Meanings ___ to relax with friends ___ the person with the worst behavior ___ to be afraid to do something ___ disgusting ___ a person who appears to be weak ___ to like something ___ great—a good thing or situation What slang do you use? Create your own slang quiz for friends and classmates to solve. First. The gang members in “The Goodness of Matt Kaizer” used slang when talking. __________________________________ 12. __________________________________ 11. __________________________________ 10. PHRASES. small straw of a sad slug 6. Slang Phrases 1. Match each slang phrase from the story with its meaning. choose six slang terms that you know. __________________________________ Meanings A. page 6 REVIEW: bolt convulsive delirious flush VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION ghastly imploring leer rasping reputation retreat sulky taunt GET TO KNOW: EXPRESSIONS. __________________________________ 9. hanging out 7. __________________________________ E. Mix the terms and definitions in the space provided to create a quiz. IDIOMS. __________________________________ © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 1 .CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ “The Goodness of Matt Kaizer” Unit 1.

How you decide to write a number depends on how it is being used (called usage) and the manner in which the kind of writing you are doing typically displays numbers (called style). Words eight eleven five four nine one one hundred seven six ten thirty-one a thousand three two Numerals ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ 2 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . In “Eleven. page 21 NUMBERS COUNT Numbers Spelled Out eight eleven five four nine one one hundred and two seven six ten thirty-two thousand three two Numbers can be written numerically (11) or spelled out as words (eleven). These numbers are written as words in the left column below.” the author wrote out all the numbers she used. Translate them to numerals in the right column.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ “Eleven” Unit 1.

Numerals 1. Translate them to words.000 29 14 16.000 99 Words _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________ How old are you? A. Write your age as a word: __________________________ B.000.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ The numbers below are written as numerals. Write your age as a numeral: ____ © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 3 .

even. vie. prune grew. new too. train. boost. slow flute. odor. neighborhood me. bribe. style rode. greed seize.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ “Why?” Unit 1. no road. toot blue. teach. bright. fewer. flavor. goal. flight sly. please street. true. faint sleigh. page 27 REVIEW: badger character VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION conscience pedantic reasonable LONG VOWELS LONG VOWELS Sound – Long a (a ) Spelling a ai ei – Long e (e ) e ea ee ei y Long i ( –) ı i ie igh y – Long o (o ) o oa ow – Long u (u ) u ew oo ue Examples snake. spied high. loan tow. deceive quickly. green. weight. my. neither. fishy. plane mail. fumes. fairy time. mile lie. virtue Your Word 4 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . recent heat. grown.

The toad (long __ ) hopped along the sidewalk (long __ ). Ralph brought his bow (long __ ) and arrow (long __ ) to the picnic. 10. After each word containing an underlined syllable. 7. Rose (long __ ) asked the dentist to look at her tooth (long __ ). Max fixed his boot (long __ ) with glue (long __ ). Vowel combinations are found in words that also have rules and patterns.” she said. 5. I (long __ ) would like (long __ ) to go to France. © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 5 . “You (long __ ) are being rude (long __ )!” 9. The single vowels are often— but not always—found in words that end with the letter e. “Stop it!” my sister cried (long __ ). We (long __ ) are quite busy (long __ ) these (long __ ) days. Then add your own example word for each vowel sound spelling. Study the chart on page 4 to review some of the ways long vowel sounds are formed. chives (long __ ). 8. 4. fill in the blank with the vowel sound the syllable contains. Mother fried (long __ ) the bacon (long __ ) on the campfire (long __ ). The baby began to drool (long __ ) and chew (long __ ) on his toy.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ Long vowel sounds are written by single vowels or by vowel combinations. but I’m afraid to fly (long __ ). and beans (long __ ) in her garden. Below are sentences that contain words with long vowel sounds. 6. 1. My grandmother grows (long __ ) beets (long __ ). 3. EXAMPLE “I’m pleased (long e ) to meet (long e ) you. 2.

or short. quart floss. draw applause. operate claw. audacity. cross. page 35 REVIEW: anticipate audacity dejected equate fend VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION heritage hospitality hostility ordeal sacred shrewd skirmish unsightly virtue GET TO KNOW: EXPRESSIONS. the first vowel sounds you learned were the short vowel sounds. sauce 6 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . but somewhere in between. AND OTHER TERMS FROM THE SELECTION endurance ritual gorging horrendous dumbfounded hooey loftiest OTHER VOWEL SOUNDS When you were learning to read. water. fawn. For example: vowel a e i o u short sound hat get trim hot shut Some vowels make a sound that is neither long. For example: aw sound vowel/s a o aw au examples hall.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ “Ta-Na-E-Ka” Unit 1. as reviewed on page 4. PHRASES. IDIOMS.

” a small 3. Then write each word in the appropriate column below. Find three words for each aw sound letter combination found below.. you will need a magazine or a newspaper.” Circle the correct spelling for each word with the aw sound. __________________ __________________ __________________ o soggy __________________ __________________ __________________ aw straw __________________ __________________ __________________ au faucet __________________ __________________ __________________ © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 7 . 5. I had auful/awful nightmares about it. straw. or shredded leaves—to dry gardens to hold in moisture. 4.” “The flood began when the man left the faucet running. Circle or highlight the words in the periodical.” “Small-cap funds were the investment stars of the second quarter. 2. As my birthday drew closer. 1.” “Apply mulch—grass clippings. and even grasshoppers were probably better tasting.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ The aw Sound Here are two sentences from the short story “Ta-Na-E-Ka. EXAMPLES “Soggy weather dries up. It was bitter. although/olthough I never intended to find out.. Word Hunt For this exercise.

a word root (dict). and a suffix (-ion) made up of a prefix (trans-). and suffixes all have meaning. Learn more about morphemes by examining the following words from “The All-American Slurp. prefixes. and suffixes. Although they are unable to stand alone. Prefixes are groups of letters that attach to the beginning of a word. or root words. Compound words are words made up of two free morphemes. are free morphemes. prefixes. Prefixes. EXAMPLES prediction transportation made up of a prefix (pre-).” Try predicting the word meanings based on the parts of the word. suffixes. that make up the word. Suffixes are groups of letters that attach to the end of a word. Word roots are word parts that cannot stand alone. The following compound words each contain two free morphemes. PHRASES. Many words are made up of word roots. Does the word contain a free morpheme? Does it contain a prefix? a suffix? a word root? Do you know the meanings of any of these word parts? If so. IDIOMS. or morphemes. you are closer to understanding the word as a whole. Free morphemes can stand alone as words. suffixes. 8 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . think of it as an assembled puzzle and check to see if you understand any of the pieces. AND OTHER TERMS FROM THE SELECTION chow mein maneuvers relish emigrated PTA meeting smugly lasso MORPHEMES One way of figuring out an unfamiliar word is to look at its parts. Base words. and a suffix (-ation) If you encounter an unfamiliar word. a word root (port). Morphemes can be either free or bound. You may want to look at the charts on pages x-xi to review the meanings of key prefixes. word roots. The parts of a word are called morphemes. eyesore daybreak anybody herself jumpstart motorcycle Bound morphemes must be attached to other morphemes to make words. and word roots are bound morphemes. and roots.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ “The All-American Slurp” Unit 1. page 47 REVIEW: consumption disgrace electronics etiquette favoritism inflection VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION ladle mortified residence retreat revolting spectacle sultry systematic unison zingy GET TO KNOW: EXPRESSIONS.

what is its meaning? ______________________________________________________ Prediction of word meaning: __________________________________________________________________ © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 9 . what is its meaning?__________________________________________________ Is there a suffix? If so. mortified (page 49) Is there a free morpheme? If so. what is its meaning? _____________________________________________ Is there a prefix? If so. retreat (page 49) Is there a free morpheme? If so. what is its meaning?__________________________________________________ Is there a suffix? If so. revolting (page 48) Is there a free morpheme? If so. what is its meaning? ______________________________________________________ Prediction of word meaning: __________________________________________________________________ 3. what is its meaning? ______________________________________________________ Prediction of word meaning: __________________________________________________________________ 4. what is its meaning? _________________________________________________ Is there a suffix? If so. what is its meaning?______________________________________________________ Is there a word root? If so. what is its meaning?__________________________________________________ Is there a suffix? If so. unison (page 48) Is there a free morpheme? If so. what is its meaning? _____________________________________________ Is there a prefix? If so. what is its meaning? _____________________________________________________ Is there a word root? If so. what is its meaning? _____________________________________________ Is there a prefix? If so. what is its meaning?__________________________________________________ Is there a suffix? If so. what is its meaning? _____________________________________________________ Is there a word root? If so. what is its meaning? _____________________________________________________ Is there a word root? If so. what is its meaning? ______________________________________________________ Prediction of word meaning: __________________________________________________________________ 2. what is its meaning? _____________________________________________ Is there a prefix? If so. what is its meaning? ____________________________________________ Is there a prefix? If so. what is its meaning? ______________________________________________________ Prediction of word meaning: __________________________________________________________________ 5. what is its meaning?______________________________________________________ Is there a word root? If so. disgrace (page 48) Is there a free morpheme? If so.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ 1.

what is its meaning?__________________________________________________ Is there a suffix? If so. what is its meaning? _____________________________________________________ Is there a word root? If so. what is its meaning?__________________________________________________ Is there a suffix? If so. what is its meaning? _____________________________________________________ Is there a word root? If so. headwaiter (page 51) Is there a free morpheme? If so. what is its meaning? ______________________________________________________ Prediction of word meaning: __________________________________________________________________ 7. inflection (page 50) Is there a free morpheme? If so. what is its meaning? _____________________________________________ Is there a second free morpheme? If so. what is its meaning? _____________________________________________ Is there a prefix? If so. what is its meaning? _____________________________________________ Is there a prefix? If so. what is its meaning? ______________________________________ Is there a prefix? If so. what is its meaning? _____________________________________________________ Is there a word root? If so. what is its meaning? ______________________________________ Is there a prefix? If so. what is its meaning?__________________________________________________ Is there a suffix? If so. what is its meaning? ______________________________________________________ Prediction of word meaning: __________________________________________________________________ 8. what is its meaning? ______________________________________________________ Prediction of word meaning: __________________________________________________________________ 10 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . what is its meaning? _____________________________________________ Is there a second free morpheme? If so. what is its meaning? _____________________________________________________ Is there a word root? If so. what is its meaning?__________________________________________________ Is there a suffix? If so. wallpaper (page 52) Is there a free morpheme? If so. consumption (page 52) Is there a free morpheme? If so.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ 6. what is its meaning? ______________________________________________________ Prediction of word meaning: __________________________________________________________________ 9.

Frenchman (page 52) Is there a free morpheme? If so. what is its meaning? ______________________________________________________ Prediction of word meaning: __________________________________________________________________ © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 11 .CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ 10. what is its meaning?__________________________________________________ Is there a suffix? If so. what is its meaning? ______________________________________ Is there a prefix? If so. what is its meaning? _____________________________________________________ Is there a word root? If so. what is its meaning? _____________________________________________ Is there a second free morpheme? If so.

what is its meaning? ______________________________________ Is there a prefix? If so. longbows (page 74) Is there a free morpheme? If so. what is its meaning?______________________________________________________ Is there a word root? If so. earnest (page 75) Is there a free morpheme? If so. what is its meaning? _____________________________________________ Is there a prefix? If so. PHRASES.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ “How Robin Hood Saved the Widow’s Three Sons” Unit 2. what is its meaning? ______________________________________________________ Prediction of word meaning: __________________________________________________________________ 12 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . what is its meaning? _____________________________________________________ Is there a word root? its meaning? _____________________________________________________________ Is there a suffix? If so. what is its meaning?__________________________________________________ Is there a suffix? If so. what is its meaning? _____________________________________________ Is there a second free morpheme? If so. AND OTHER TERMS FROM THE SELECTION dare not for shame halt pray tell ‘twas ‘tis MORE MORPHEMES Analyze the morphemes in these words from “How Robin Hood Saved the Widow’s Three Sons. IDIOMS. what is its meaning? ______________________________________________________ Prediction of word meaning: __________________________________________________________________ 2. page 74 REVIEW: VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION earnest ponder GET TO KNOW: EXPRESSIONS.” 1.

what is its meaning?______________________________________________________ Is there a word root? If so. what is its meaning?______________________________________________________ Is there a word root? If so. what is its meaning?__________________________________________________ Is there a suffix? If so. what is its meaning?______________________________________________________ Is there a word root? If so. pretended (page 75) Is there a free morpheme? If so. what is its meaning?______________________________________________________ Is there a word root? If so. what is its meaning? _____________________________________________ Is there a prefix? If so. exchange (page 75) Is there a free morpheme? If so. what is its meaning? ______________________________________________________ Prediction of word meaning: __________________________________________________________________ 4. what is its meaning? ______________________________________________________ Prediction of word meaning: __________________________________________________________________ © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 13 . what is its meaning? _____________________________________________ Is there a prefix? If so. what is its meaning?__________________________________________________ Is there a suffix? If so. what is its meaning?__________________________________________________ Is there a suffix? If so. what is its meaning? ______________________________________________________ Prediction of word meaning: __________________________________________________________________ 7. what is its meaning?__________________________________________________ Is there a suffix? If so. what is its meaning? _____________________________________________ Is there a prefix? If so. what is its meaning?______________________________________________________ Is there a word root? If so. what is its meaning?__________________________________________________ Is there a suffix? If so.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ 3. himself (page 75) Is there a free morpheme? If so. what is its meaning? _____________________________________________ Is there a prefix? If so. what is its meaning? ______________________________________________________ Prediction of word meaning: __________________________________________________________________ 5. disguise (page 75) Is there a free morpheme? If so. what is its meaning? _____________________________________________ Is there a second free morpheme? If so. propose (page 75) Is there a free morpheme? If so. what is its meaning? ______________________________________ Is there a prefix? If so. what is its meaning? ______________________________________________________ Prediction of word meaning: __________________________________________________________________ 6.

hangman (page 76) Is there a free morpheme? If so. cookbook meaning: ___________________________________________________________________________________ 13. what is its meaning?______________________________________________________ Is there a word root? If so. what is its meaning? _____________________________________________________ Is there a word root? If so. If you are unsure what a word means. impatiently (page 76) Is there a free morpheme? If so. what is its meaning? ______________________________________ Is there a prefix? If so. what is its meaning?__________________________________________________ Is there a suffix? If so.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ 8. what is its meaning? ______________________________________________________ Prediction of word meaning: __________________________________________________________________ 9. what is its meaning? _____________________________________________ Is there a prefix? If so. what is its meaning?__________________________________________________ Is there a suffix? If so. what is its meaning?__________________________________________________ Is there a suffix? If so. what is its meaning?______________________________________________________ Is there a word root? If so. kickball meaning: ___________________________________________________________________________________ 14. estimate its definition based on its two free morphemes. what is its meaning? ______________________________________________________ Prediction of word meaning: __________________________________________________________________ A compound word is made up of two free morphemes. what is its meaning? _____________________________________________ Is there a prefix? If so. prepared (page 76) Is there a free morpheme? If so. thumbtack meaning: ___________________________________________________________________________________ 12. what is its meaning? _____________________________________________ Is there a second free morpheme? If so. earthworm meaning: ___________________________________________________________________________________ 14 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . Do you know what these compound words mean? Write a definition for each word. heartbreaker meaning: ___________________________________________________________________________________ 15. what is its meaning? ______________________________________________________ Prediction of word meaning: __________________________________________________________________ 10. 11.

anytime meaning: ___________________________________________________________________________________ 19. motorbike meaning: ___________________________________________________________________________________ 20. whirlwind meaning: ___________________________________________________________________________________ © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 15 .CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ 16. troublemaker meaning: ___________________________________________________________________________________ 17. crossroads meaning: ___________________________________________________________________________________ 18.

or y. Spelling c k ch ck Word cold kids chemistry pick If you study words with the k sound. PHRASES. you’ll soon discover some basic rules regarding when to use which spelling. ch. i. EXAMPLES lichen. EXAMPLES kestral. For example: • The letters ck are never found at the beginning of a word.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ from Still Me Unit 2. track • The letters ch are found at the beginning or middle of a word when making the k sound—and never at the end. milk 16 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . EXAMPLES drank. and ck. AND OTHER TERMS FROM THE SELECTION amputation physical therapists tack cyst quadriplegics turn out MRI SPELLING THE K SOUND The k sound can be spelled a number of ways. kitten. spell it with a k. k. page 80 REVIEW: VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION glib incapacitate instinctive mythical spontaneity sustain visceral cherish construct cordon devastate GET TO KNOW: EXPRESSIONS. IDIOMS. EXAMPLES kick. spell the k sound with a k if it comes after a consonant. chord • If the k sound is followed by an e. Some letters that make the k sound are c. lanky • At the end of a word.

Words are spelled with c. EXAMPLES bicker. k. spell the k sound with a ck. and ck and appear horizontally or vertically. the k sound is spelled with a k (or a ke) if it follows a long vowel sound.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ • After a short vowel sound. EXAMPLES creek. like Word Hunt Find ten words with the k sound in this word search puzzle. ch. track • At the end of a word. D G H Y K B O P Y A D L O M Q Q X B K T C A S E C H R O N I C T S G G K A I N T B E J Y R R N H L O D M G K Y G L D P H Y S I C A L E I C X V C A R P E T Z O J A R V V G N L F K R T R A C K M G D A E P O G E C H O F T K X F B G S C J S Q K E Y B O A R D H M G G G T H A C W H U J I T E J T N N U A E J B G X S I N L G H I C O N S T R U C T © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 17 .

AND OTHER TERMS FROM THE SELECTION dug down deep taking [it] for a ride joyriding winded MORE VOWEL SOUNDS These vowels are neither long nor short. 1. page 92 REVIEW: VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION lurch mediocre motive perpetual poised quizzical relentless throng venture audible conspiratorial fluid gaunt hindrance GET TO KNOW: EXPRESSIONS. Here are some others vowels that sound neither long nor short. hour 18 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . loyal. IDIOMS. shout. crown proud. crook. ensure. during could. about oi / oo / ow 2. toil soy. but somewhere in between: oi sound vowel/s oi oy oo sound vowel/s oo u ou ow sound vowel/s ow ou Circle the sound pattern that corresponds with each word. ploy examples took. power. choice. would. detour examples downtown.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ “Joyriding” Unit 2. voice oi / oo / ow examples foil. PHRASES. poor pull.

flower oi / oo / ow 5. voyage oi / oo / ow 10. cure oi / oo / ow 9. brook oi / oo / ow 7. employ oi / oo / ow 8.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ 3. crowd oi / oo / ow 6. mouth oi / oo / ow © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 19 . plural oi / oo / ow 4.

EXAMPLE ball • In very short words. EXAMPLE fall In practice. occurred or occured 4. attendance or atendance 9. Here are a few rules to help you decide on whether to double or not to double. page 105 REVIEW: VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION intellect intensity narrative podium prominent proposition ramification rant reception rue smug spite tenacity warrant wary wince accustomed adjourn appall behalf default defiance disdainful emphatic DOUBLE TROUBLE Double consonants are another sticky spelling situation.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ A Woman Called Truth Unit 2. two consonants are usually found after the vowel. Listed below are some difficult words that contain double consonants and even two pairs of double consonants. begining or beginning 10. 1. accidentaly or accidentally 6. EXAMPLE bail • In words with short vowels. • In words with long vowel sounds. a good way to deal with the “to double or not to double” puzzle is to memorize the words that you know cause you problems. or s. address or adress 5. apall or appall 3. the consonants are not doubled—except for words that end in f. narrative or narative 2. one consonant is usually found after the vowel. committee or comittee 20 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . accommodate or acommodate 7. Circle the correct spelling for each word. l. aparent or apparent 8.

© EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 21 . parallel or paralel 17. write your idea for remembering the correct spelling. warant or warrant Make a list of words with double consonants that give you problems. Next to each word. Study the words and think of ways to remember the correct spelling. fulfil or fulfill 13.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ 11. accustomed or acustomed 18. embarass or embarrass 12. suceed or succeed 15. mispell or misspell 14. tomorow or tomorrow 16.

swaggers (page 136) 9. c. pass (page 135) 3. ss. agency (page 135) 4. wittiness (page 137) 10. Spelling s c ss sc Word seek cent pass scene Write the consonant or consonants that make the s sound in each of these words from “Priscilla and the Wimps.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ “Priscilla and the Wimps” Unit 2.” 1. serpent (page 136) 6. page 135 REVIEW: VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION laceration pun slither subtle bar fate SPELLING THE S SOUND The s sound can be made in several ways. subtle (page 136) 5. It can be spelled s. Priscilla (page 135) 2. circling (page 137) ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ 22 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . laceration (page 136) 7. romance (page 136) 8. and sc.

3.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ Crossword Puzzle Complete the crossword puzzle using s. 6. Biology and physics are included in the field of s______. 8. 10. 3 T 2 P S 4 M 5 6 7 S D C 8 9 C S 10 S © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 23 . and sc words. Another word for pants is t________. The teacher told the students in the c____ to be quiet. 4. it will grow into a flower. the king and queen. The waltz is a kind of d____. 5. The p________ lived in the castle with her parents. Kim’s handwriting was s______ and hard to read. The M__________ is the longest river in North America. c. A c___ is a very large town. If you plant this s____. 7. 1 9. Across 2. Down 1. The s____ of her perfume is nice. ss.

B. Unfortunately.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ “The Face of the Deep Is Frozen” Unit 3. Study the chart below to review some words that contain silent letters. g. k and w are letters that sometimes are silent. there are no rules to guide your spelling of these words. Silent Letter b Examples plumb bomb tomb g sign gnat gnome h rhyme thyme rhinoceros k knife know knit w wreath whole writer Your Word 24 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . h. Add your own example for each silent letter to the Your Word column. Memorization is the key to learning them. which make spelling and pronouncing them tricky business. page 154 REVIEW: abrupt atmospheric cache compression VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION congeal consolidate dense dire erode improviser trek SHHHHH! SILENT LETTERS! Some words contain silent letters.

wristwatch gnash why wrinkle debt rhythm K W J R W R A N G L E U I G L C M Y R I U H O C E C V E M S O F I J G C A K Q M Y O A L B H N W I T D Q Y M W S Z O A F K M W G K knuckle wrangle knees knockout gnawing rhumba I J W R X S G M R L I N O Z E Z W H Y B G I F E W M F X P A N U Q D Y E R I D P R H Y T H M E S I G K F M X J Y B N W B S Y Q L W K N O C K O U T A E M O J K G J L H K W D R I O L K R N O J K A C V S K C N L T A U E T C U U J Q U U M W W B C I C S O D J R G L P I H C K K X P H B H G P U L X B T A Y H K G N X R G E U J F E Q Q B G Q Q © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 25 . and diagonally. horizontally.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ Silent Letter Search Find these words with silent letters in the word search puzzle below. Words are written vertically.

will + not = ___________________________ 4. he + has = ____________________________ 8. you + have = __________________________ 3. PHRASES. 1. they + have = _________________________ 26 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . They are typically used in friendly. Contractions are perfectly correct English. AND OTHER TERMS FROM THE SELECTION archaeology inscription suffice fanfare perish unslackening CONTRACTION ACTION A contraction is formed when two words are combined and an apostrophe is used to replace the letter(s) that are left out. does + not = __________________________ 2. should + not = ________________________ 7. Combine these word pairs to make familiar contractions. EXAMPLES can + not = can’t he + will = he’ll Now you try it. he or she may not choose to use contractions. IDIOMS.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ “Pompeii” Unit 3. she + will = ___________________________ 5. less formal kinds of writing. When a writer wants to sound proper. page 164 REVIEW: VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION gaudy haphazard imposing molten monopoly oblige ominous project rutted shrewdness shroud tranquility unruly vitality belch bewilder catastrophe critical engulf excavation fruitless GET TO KNOW: EXPRESSIONS. was + not = ___________________________ 6.

Chris © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 27 . Eloise. I + will ______________ going camping this summer and ______________ bring our bikes along to ride We + are we + will on the trails. What fun! Thanks again. Dear Eloise. Your friend. ______________ very thoughtful to You + are always remember my special day. Thank you for the gift of money for my twelfth birthday. ______________ be using the money to buy a new bike.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ Fill in the blanks below with contractions.

Do you know another song whose lyrics contain rhyming words? Write the words to a verse from the song below. ________________ rhymes with ________________ and ________________. page 179 RHYME TIME In her song. Draw a line that connects each pair of rhyming words. roll bread team alone lie stone sky coal instead seam Now it’s your turn to create rhymes. Here are some of the words that rhyme from the song. Write a word that rhymes with each of the pairs from above. “The Springhill Disaster. ________________ rhymes with ________________ and ________________.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ “The Springhill Disaster” Unit 3.” songwriter Peggy Seeger uses rhyme and repetition. Underline the rhyming words. 28 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . ________________ rhymes with ________________ and ________________. Two words rhyme if they have the same ending sounds. ________________ rhymes with ________________ and ________________. ________________ rhymes with ________________ and ________________.

The letter e comes before the letter i in these words. or when sounded like a as in neighbor and weigh. For special cases. Then write the correct spelling in the blank below each sign. page 186 REVIEW: anguish anxious arrogance banish betray bicker VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION confide despair emigrant fiery fraud gaunt grim harbor perpetual provision relinquish remnant SOLVING THE ie/ei PUZZLE When i and e are found next to each other in a word. such as the word seize. One exception is after the letter c. correct/incorrect spelling: ______________ Children measuring below this hieght are not allowed on the roller coaster.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ “The Cutoff: The Story of the Donner Party” Unit 3. correct/incorrect spelling: ______________ Recieving Dock Entrance correct/incorrect spelling: ______________ Randall Webster. using the proofreading symbols found on page 886 in your textbook. i usually comes first. An easy way to remember these spelling rules is the rhyme: i before e. Cheif of Police correct/incorrect spelling: ______________ © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 29 . A friend in need is a friend indeed. that have the long a sound. Change the spellings that are wrong. Another exception is in words such as veil. You’ll discover that some words don’t follow these rules. you must simply memorize the spelling. for example. except after c. Decide if the spelling of the ie/ei words in the signs below are correct or incorrect and circle your answer.

Walk This Way correct/incorrect spelling: ______________ Believe in Yourself! correct/incorrect spelling: ______________ Pie for Sale—One Dollar per peice.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ Please do not Feed the Riendeer correct/incorrect spelling: ______________ Neighborhood Garage Sales Today! correct/incorrect spelling: ______________ Museum’s Ancient Artifacts Collection. correct/incorrect spelling: ______________ correct/incorrect spelling: ______________ University Sceince Lab correct/incorrect spelling: ______________ 30 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC .

PHRASES. for example. hurricane. IDIOMS. Below is a list of words that relate to natural disasters. The poem contains the words gale and gusts. and breakers—are used in reference to describe the ocean. eye fault line lava aftershock tidal wave crater twister epicenter _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ Many kinds of things have special vocabulary associated with them. write in additional sports of your choice and list the related vocabulary. Write two terms that are specific to each sport listed below. For the last three.“ by Longfellow. Take sports. terms that describe the wind. page 202 REVIEW: aghast brine gale VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION gored gusts schooner smite GET TO KNOW: EXPRESSIONS. All kinds of storms and natural phenomena have their own language associated with them. AND OTHER TERMS FROM THE SELECTION corpse frothed ope STORMY WEATHER “The Wreck of the Hesperus. write the term tornado. is a poem about a ship at sea during a hurricane.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ “The Wreck of the Hesperus” Unit 3. billows. Hockey example: hat trick © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 31 . Do you recognize what kind of disaster each word relates to? After each term. Other words—such as brine. or volcano. earthquake. Most athletic activities have terms that players and spectators use to describe the game.

CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ Soccer Skateboarding Gymnastics Basketball Sport: Sport: Sport: 32 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC .

Special thanks to the student’s/students’ parents. Circle your answers.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ “Big Wind” and “Child on Top of a Greenhouse” Unit 3. The groups’/group’s efforts raised over one thousand dollars for the gymnasium’s/gymnasiums’ new equipment. its. Thanks also to Rachel’s/Rachels’ mother. Our/Our’ annual carnival was a great success because of your’/your excellent volunteer work. These include: his. theirs. yours. Its/It’s frame was beautiful. Jackie Washington.” Choose the correct possessive nouns to complete the paragraph below. hers. too! © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 33 . The contraction it’s means “it is. hers. and ours. EXAMPLE the cheerleaders’ uniforms • Pronouns do not require apostrophes to show ownership. Here are a few guidelines for creating possessive nouns: • Use ‘s to make a singular noun possessive. Apostrophes also are used to show ownership. page 211 REVIEW: VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION flail veer POSSESSIVES You’ve already reviewed contractions. who donated the painting for the silent auction. which use apostrophes in place of letters when two words are combined. EXAMPLE Ralph’s telephone • Use an apostrophe alone to make a plural noun possessive.

and make a list of ten words. “My Friend Flicka” is a story with many challenging words in it. Write the words on the lines below. page 231 REVIEW: abate auspicious calculation chagrined coax despair disinfectant enclose entranced envision VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION fanatical groom guffaw impulse inimitable monotonous personage pore pressure prestige prosperous range rebellious saunter stoical tress triumphant vivid waver winsome GET TO KNOW: EXPRESSIONS. what do you do if you see an unfamiliar word? It’s easy to want to skip it. AND OTHER TERMS FROM THE SELECTION coax gullies ravines demerits lax spurs fidgety leverage wince gallant HONING YOUR WORD STUDY SKILLS All readers encounter words they don’t know. Revisit the story.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ “My Friend Flicka” Unit 4. 34 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . Choose some words you know and some words you don’t. which starts on page 231 of your textbook. IDIOMS. But your understanding will improve if you try to learn the word. When reading. PHRASES.

3) Perform a structural analysis of the word. 1. 6) Ask your teacher or a parent what the word means. 5) Look up the word in a dictionary. Reading the word in context may give you a better understanding of the word. Here are some things to try: 1) Read the word aloud.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ Now rate your knowledge of each word below by placing an X in the appropriate column: Your Words I don’t know this word. 6. Try to learn the words you don’t know from your list. 9. 3. 8. I really know this word and can use it in a sentence. I think I know the basic meaning of this word. Hearing it may help you. 2. 10. © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 35 . 5. 7. 2) Read the entire paragraph the word appears in. 4. 4) Look up the word in the book’s glossary.

is an illustration of a mongoose and two cobras. this image will provide you with an even better understanding of what a mongoose is. Does knowing what the characters look like help you to better understand the story? How so? ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 36 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . you might look for any pictures (or diagrams and charts) that accompany the story. and snakeling—do not appear in this story’s illustrations. he could scratch himself anywhere he pleased. rather like a little cat in his fur and his tail. Combined with Kipling’s description. tailor bird. Look these animals up in an encyclopedia. On page 250. Some of the other animals in “Rikki-tikki-tavi”—the muskrat. and his war cry as he scuttled through the long grass. with any leg. His eyes and the end of his restless nose were pink. he could fluff up his tail till it looked like a bottle brush. Now if you still want to know more about the creature (or about another element in a particular passage). that he chose to use. but quite like a weasel in his head and his habits. PHRASES. was: “Rikk-tikk-tikki-tikki-tchk!” By reading the text that follows the word “mongoose. front or back. page 250 REVIEW: cower cultivate VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION providence sluice GET TO KNOW: EXPRESSIONS.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ “Rikki-Tikki-Tavi” Unit 4.” you could get a pretty good idea of what a mongoose is—even if you’ve never seen one.” author Rudyard Kipling offers a description of the story’s title character: He was a mongoose. for example. IDIOMS. AND OTHER TERMS FROM THE SELECTION cobra snakeling mongoose tailor bird muskrat WORD STUDY SKILLS—PICTURE THIS At the start of “Rikki-Tikki-Tavi.

Do you think having a picture would help a reader to better understand the animal you’ve described? Why. or why not? ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 37 .CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ Now it’s your turn to provide context. Write a description of the animal in the space provided below. In other words. look in a magazine or on the Internet to find an image of the animal. Read your description once with the image in sight and once with the image out of sight. dolphin cat dog horse snake parrot pig animal of your choice Next. Choose an animal from the list below. provide context for a reader.

eerrf To find out what time the bus leaves.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ “Zlateh the Goat” Unit 4. Fill in the blanks to complete the sentence. 1. the word photograph has the f sound at both the beginning and ending. page 264 REVIEW: VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION cleft eddy THE F SOUND The f sound is usually spelled with the letter f. tbphaeal Twenty-six letters make up the _______________. 6. Unscramble the letters to make a word that completes the sentence. 9. fndulo _______________ the blanket and place it on the bed. For example. grouh The road was bumpy and incredibly _______________. circling the letters that make the f sound in each word. tlnaehpe The _______________ is the largest land mammal. 38 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . aghlu The clown made us _______________. Both are spelled with ph. ystfana Zach reads science fiction and _______________ novels. ehopn Why don’t you _______________ your parents to see about a ride home? 8. but sometimes it is spelled with the letters ph. _______________ to the transit schedule. Even more uncommon still are f sounds spelled with the letters gh. 4. houneg Do you have _______________ money for the bus? 2. The word tough is an example. 10. 7. cpayihls Today I went to the doctor for my yearly _______________. 3. 5.

2. page 272 REVIEW: affable albeit allegiance beguiling bereft cavort commodity conciliatory cynical decipher VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION dilapidated discretion diverse docile ethical euphemism exuberant fluke gregarious immune impassive inordinate ironically prevalent prim skeptical temperament transient unrelenting vintage UH . al 1. © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 39 . It can be spelled a number of ways: Spelling al el il le Word petal channel pencil trouble Word Hunt Find two words for each letter combination below in “Shelter Shock. ecalm A ______________ can live in the hot desert.” found on page 273 in your textbook. el il le Word Scramble 3. . SPELLING THE SCHWA SOUND The soft “uh” sound (technically called the schwa sound) is often found with the letter l at the end of words. plrAi Olivia’s birthday is in ______________ 4. .CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ “Shelter Shock” Unit 4.

lmoar The ______________ of the story is that it’s better to give than to receive. 6. tlmea Gold is a ______________ and so is silver. 10. 13.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ 5. endlee Missy sewed on the button with a ______________ and thread. 12. alnge My mother calls me her little ______________. uzpezl My grandmother likes to do the crossword ______________ everyday. iararvl We waited for the ______________ of the airplane. laepn The ______________ of judges decided who would perform in the talent contest. pcklei I ordered by hamburger with mustard and a ______________. 8. 9. 11. 7. uppil An eye’s ______________ gets smaller in bright light. 40 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC .

But if the letter before the y is a vowel. simply add an s to the word to make a plural. But others take an es ending. page 293 REVIEW: VOCABULARY articulate comrade distraught FROM THE SELECTION emaciated grotesque intrigue lugubrious manipulate semblance surreptitious unfathomable unmerciful PLURAL NOUN ENDINGS Many words simply require an s to make them plural. Here are some word endings that require es to become plural: ending ch sh ss x zz singular ranch dish glass fox buzz plural ranches dishes glasses foxes buzzes To make a word that ends in y plural. ending o o singular tomato poncho plural tomatoes ponchos © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 41 . Other times.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ “Cat on the Go” Unit 4. you simply add an s. drop the y and add ies to the end of the word. For example: ending y y singular puppy tray plural puppies trays Words that end in a long o sometimes are made plural by adding an es.

loaf 2. See the examples below. ox Plural __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ 42 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . ending f fe f singular calf life chief plural calves lives chiefs (this is an exception) Some words are totally irregular. singular man tooth child foot plural men teeth children feet Use the rules you reviewed above to make these words plural. In these cases. radio 10. mouse 7.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ Words that end in f or fe become plural by dropping these letters and adding a ves. boy 6. knife 4. donkey 9. Some exceptions exist. Singular 1. potato 5. box 3. because there are no rules to help you. you simply have to learn the plural forms. fly 8.

Plural 11. libraries 12. wishes Singular __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 43 . roofs 14. ideas 17. thieves 19. porches 16.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ Now make these plural nouns singular. reflexes 15. geese 20. armies 18. echoes 13.

what is its meaning?______________________________________________________ Is there a word root? If so.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ from Ranch of Dreams Unit 4. what is its meaning? _____________________________________________ Is there a prefix? If so. reading grown-up literature. what is its meaning?__________________________________________________ Is there a suffix? If so. what is its meaning?______________________________________________________ Is there a word root? If so. what is its meaning? _____________________________________________ Is there a prefix? If so. IDIOMS. 1. dislike (page 309) Is there a free morpheme? If so. correspondent (page 308) Is there a free morpheme? If so. Once you’ve predicted the word meanings. look each word up in a dictionary to see how close your predictions are to the definitions. AND OTHER TERMS FROM THE SELECTION charity obstacle strained correspondent outright saga objective pursuit terrain MORPHEME REVIEW Learning to identify words based on their parts is a handy skill that you can use forever—even when you are an adult. page 308 REVIEW: adamant converse detest finite galvanize VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION incidental indelible infuriate ingenious literally nominal prominent prospective solemn virtue GET TO KNOW: EXPRESSIONS. Take some time to review your morpheme-busting skills by analyzing the words below from Ranch of Dreams. what is its meaning? ______________________________________________________ Prediction of word meaning: __________________________________________________________________ Actual definition: ____________________________________________________________________________ 44 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . what is its meaning?__________________________________________________ Is there a suffix? If so. PHRASES. what is its meaning? ______________________________________________________ Prediction of word meaning: __________________________________________________________________ Actual definition: ____________________________________________________________________________ 2.

what is its meaning?______________________________________________________ Is there a word root? If so.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ 3. what is its meaning?______________________________________________________ Is there a word root? If so. what is its meaning? ______________________________________________________ Prediction of word meaning: __________________________________________________________________ Actual definition: ____________________________________________________________________________ 6. what is its meaning?______________________________________________________ Is there a word root? If so. what is its meaning? _____________________________________________ Is there a prefix? If so. what is its meaning?__________________________________________________ Is there a suffix? If so. what is its meaning?__________________________________________________ Is there a suffix? If so. converse (page 309) Is there a free morpheme? If so. objective (page 309) Is there a free morpheme? If so. infuriate (page 311) Is there a free morpheme? If so. galvanize (page 311) Is there a free morpheme? If so. what is its meaning?______________________________________________________ Is there a word root? If so. what is its meaning? ______________________________________________________ Prediction of word meaning: __________________________________________________________________ Actual definition: ____________________________________________________________________________ © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 45 . what is its meaning? _____________________________________________ Is there a prefix? If so. what is its meaning? ______________________________________________________ Prediction of word meaning: __________________________________________________________________ Actual definition: ____________________________________________________________________________ 5. what is its meaning? ______________________________________________________ Prediction of word meaning: __________________________________________________________________ Actual definition: ____________________________________________________________________________ 4. what is its meaning?__________________________________________________ Is there a suffix? If so. what is its meaning? _____________________________________________ Is there a prefix? If so. what is its meaning?__________________________________________________ Is there a suffix? If so. what is its meaning? _____________________________________________ Is there a prefix? If so.

indelible (page 312) Is there a free morpheme? If so. what is its meaning?______________________________________________________ Is there a word root? If so. what is its meaning?______________________________________________________ Is there a word root? If so. prospective (page 311) Is there a free morpheme? If so. what is its meaning? ______________________________________________________ Prediction of word meaning: __________________________________________________________________ Actual definition: ____________________________________________________________________________ 9. what is its meaning?______________________________________________________ Is there a word root? If so. what is its meaning? _____________________________________________ Is there a prefix? If so. what is its meaning? ______________________________________________________ Prediction of word meaning: __________________________________________________________________ Actual definition: ____________________________________________________________________________ 8. what is its meaning? ______________________________________________________ Prediction of word meaning: __________________________________________________________________ Actual definition: ____________________________________________________________________________ 10. underfeeding (page 316) Is there a free morpheme? If so. what is its meaning? _____________________________________________ Is there a prefix? If so. what is its meaning?__________________________________________________ Is there a suffix? If so. what is its meaning?______________________________________________________ Is there a word root? If so.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ 7. what is its meaning?__________________________________________________ Is there a suffix? If so. ingenious (page 312) Is there a free morpheme? If so. what is its meaning?__________________________________________________ Is there a suffix? If so. what is its meaning? _____________________________________________ Is there a prefix? If so. what is its meaning? ______________________________________________________ Prediction of word meaning: __________________________________________________________________ Actual definition: ____________________________________________________________________________ 46 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . what is its meaning? _____________________________________________ Is there a prefix? If so. what is its meaning?__________________________________________________ Is there a suffix? If so.

a synonym dictionary. rise (p. mighty (p. page 334 REVIEW: disposition lash ominous VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION raucous reluctant tempestuous torrential turbulent SYNONYMS Synonyms are words that have the same or almost the same meaning. A synonym for a word can be found in a thesaurus. 336) __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 47 . beautiful (p. or often a regular dictionary.” Check your work with a thesaurus or dictionary. Write a synonym for each of these words. start and begin are synonyms. Synonyms are helpful when writing because they expand a writer’s vocabulary and help describe something with more variety and precision. 336) 9. turbulent (p. 335) 7. replied (p. 336) 10. 335) 2. silent (p. 335) 8. 335) 5. dawn (p. crush (p. 335) 4. 335) 3. For example. which are found in “The Creation of Music. 1. 335) 6. small (p. quickly (p.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ “The Creation of Music” Unit 5.

Write an antonym for each of these words. 14. “Forever Young. 12. swift 6. question __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ Write five antonym pairs of your own. always 3. page 343 REVIEW: VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION courageous righteous swift ANTONYMS Antonyms are words that have opposite or almost opposite meanings.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ “Forever Young” Unit 5. bright and dark are antonyms. courageous 5. 15. __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ 48 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . young 2. 1. Antonyms can be helpful to readers because they give insight into what something is by describing what it is not. true 4. loud 10. joyful 7.” on page 343 of your textbook. high 9. some of which appear in Bob Dylan’s song. stay 8. 11. 13. For example.

In August. She speaks french and spanish. months. Circle the letter that is incorrectly capitalized or lowercased. days. Use the following proofreading symbols: • cap means capitalize this letter • /c means lowercase this letter l/ EXAMPLE hudson river My Mother / / 1. Jorge’s Family is from venezuela. Maya’s birthday is in july. cities. We’re going Bowling on friday or Saturday. 10. we’re going to see the grand canyon. continents. That’s because it’s appropriate to capitalize the names of places (planets. 2. In October. AND OTHER TERMS FROM THE SELECTION cambric tom-tit’s sickle yonder CAPITALIZATION If you look on page 351 of your text. 3. IDIOMS. Ralph thinks that People will live on mars in the future. For more information. PHRASES. We saw the white house when we were in washington. are capitalized.C. refer to sections 3. The mississippi river is the longest river in North america. you’ll notice that the words “Scarborough Fair. countries. 6. page 351 REVIEW: acre bonny lass VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION parsley peppercorn rosemary sage thyme GET TO KNOW: EXPRESSIONS.89 in the Language Arts Survey in your textbook.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ “Scarborough Fair” Unit 5. The Fourth of July is also known as independence day. 7. Edit the capitalization in the following sentences. such as Mount Rushmore). many kids celebrate halloween by going to trick or treat. 4. holidays. D. 8. © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 49 . buildings. and languages. 9. and specific geographic locations.” the name of a trade fair once held in England.84–3. 5.

EXAMPLE way and weigh Homophones can be a problem in written English. to / two / too 50 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . but are spelled differently. Write a sentence for each word. EXAMPLE Do you know the way to the zoo? How much does the elephant weigh? 1. Choose five sets of homophones from the list below. Proofreading your work is a good way to confirm that homophones are spelled correctly. Underline the homophones in the sentences. PHRASES. AND OTHER TERMS FROM THE SELECTION bougaloo descarga philly Squeeze Cakewalk do-si-do tango cha-cha jamming out two step charleston peppermint twist waltz conga drums EASILY CONFUSED PAIRS Homophones are words that sound alike. hole / whole 2. piece / peace 3. page 357 REVIEW: VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION battery spell GET TO KNOW: EXPRESSIONS.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ “Nothing But Drums” and “Three/Quarters Time” Unit 5. Writers need to be very careful to choose the correct spelling for the word they are using. IDIOMS.

hair / hare 6. its / it’s © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 51 . through / threw 8. flower / flour 9. vein / vane / vain 10. cent / sent / scent 7. their / there / they’re 5.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ 4.

21. For example. The Wildcats were sad to ___________________ the baseball game. I go to school everyday ___________________ Saturday and Sunday. 19. After dinner. For example. feel. desert / dessert than / then affect / effect lose / loose except / accept advice / advise breath / breathe alter / altar coarse / course principal / principle 11. hear and know what is happening) and conscience (a feeling that tells a person right and wrong). The ___________________ sun is incredibly hot. The teacher can’t ___________________ gifts of money from students. ______________________________________ 25. 14. consider conscious (able to see. Jerry took a deep ___________________ and dove into the water. ______________________________________ 23. 20. Sometimes the context in which a word appears will help you to know its meaning. so I asked my mother for ___________________. ______________________________________ 52 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . Fill in the blanks in the sentences below with words from this list of easily confused pairs. The ___________________ of the school announced the pep rally. ______________________________________ 24. often. The ___________________ wool of the old sweater felt rough and scratchy. 17. wind (air that moves) and wind (to wrap in a circle). It is colder this morning ___________________ it was last night. Think about it! Write five additional pairs of easily confused words below. ______________________________________ 22.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ In addition to homophones. it’s easy to confuse: • Words that are spelled the same. different pronunciations. I had a big problem. 12. 13. but have different meanings and. Words like these can be confusing to read and write. 16. • Words that are pronounced almost the same. 18. we had pie for ___________________. 15.

Syllabication involves analyzing a word to figure out where it breaks into syllables. is one strategy for expanding your vocabulary. Words that have four consonants in the middle usually divide after the first consonant. This process may sound difficult. such as in bath · tub. the vowels are divided. When a single consonant appears between two vowels. An exception is when the first two consonants are a digraph.) Words that have three consonants in the middle usually divide after the first consonant. In the patterns below. divide the word before or after the consonant. but. Here are some common syllable patterns.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ from To Be or Not to Bop Unit 5. in fact. page 363 REVIEW: barnstorm chord cultivate VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION execution harmony incorporate octave profound theory SYLLABICATION NATION A syllable is a part of a word that contains a single vowel sound. because the second two consonants are often digraphs and pronounced together. Learning how to read a new word. (Note that v/cv is more common than vc/v. VOCABULARY RESOURCE vcv v/cv vc/v pe ⋅ can lin ⋅ en vcccv vc/ccv up ⋅ stairs vccccv vc/cccv en ⋅ shrine vv v/v cli ⋅ ent © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E 53 . based on the syllables it contains. Some words have only one syllable. v stands for vowel and c stands for consonant. you probably have learned this in class previously and know how to do it. which make two sounds. For example. because the following three consonants are often digraphs and pronounced together. When two vowels. the word fashion splits into two syllables as such: fash · ion. Pattern How to divide pattern into syllables vc/cv Example Notes vccv for ⋅ get The exception to this rule is when the two consonant are a digraph (two letters pronounced as one). are side by side. But many have more than one.

p e d a l 13. minor 7. o c t a v e 14. embrace 5. upstream 6. unknown 4. d i a l 9. u n k n o w n 15. 8. u p s t r e a m 54 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC .CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ Match each word with the example of how to divide its vowel-consonant pattern into syllables. pedal 2. octave v/v vc/cccv vc/cv vc/v vc/ccv vc/ccv v/cv Now draw a line between the syllables in the words. o c t a v e 12. 1. dial 3. m i n o r 11. e m b r a c e 10.

CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ from The Hobbit Unit 6. you’re well on your way to becoming a syllabication whiz. This pronunciation should be close enough for you to approximate the word. g r a v y 4. 3) Try to pronounce the word by blending these parts together. Here are a few guidelines for analyzing the syllables in a word: 1) Look for a prefix and/or suffix. if you still need help with the word. you’re right! Syllables often divide between morphemes. page 385 REVIEW: antiquity blunder devour flummox fund VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION gall haste menacing morsel oddments shamble sheathe subterranean venture GET TO KNOW: EXPRESSIONS. IDIOMS. z e r o 2. i t c h y 6. 4) Look for context clues or use a dictionary. using the process described above. d i s a g r e e 10. AND OTHER TERMS FROM THE SELECTION a big to-do seeking in vain at the end of his wits took a fancy MORE SYLLABICATION If dividing words into syllables reminds you of the morpheme exercises you worked on earlier. can you hear its syllable division? © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 55 . As you pronounce a word. Divide each word into syllables. s a d n e s s 3. some of which are found in The Hobbit. d e v o u r 5. Analyze these words. Once you can recognize prefixes and suffixes and divide the base word into syllables. 2) Use your knowledge of syllable division patterns to study the base word. l i z a r d 8. s h a m b l e Now say each word aloud. o d d m e n t s 7. 1. This process can help with word identification and pronunciation. b l u n d e r 9. PHRASES.

CONTENTS
Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________

“The Tunnel”
Unit 6, page 401
REVIEW:
eternity hallucinate

VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION hover impersonate

initiative scorn

SPELLING

BY

SYLLABLES

The same rules you studied for dividing words into syllables that helped with word identification and pronunciation can help with spelling. For example, when you hear a word for the first time, and then attempt to write the word, do a quick analysis: 1. Does the word have a prefix or suffix that you recognize? How is it spelled? 2. Are you familiar with the base word? How many syllables does it contain? What are its consonant sounds? Are the vowel sounds short, long, or in between? 3. Now attempt to write the word. 4. Review the spelling using your spelling knowledge. Do any letters or letter combinations look wrong? 5. Confirm the spelling in the dictionary.

Word Sort
Sort these words from “The Tunnel” into categories based on their prefixes and suffixes. Some words may fit into more than one category. dusty hovering pretend scruffy echoing imagined evidently unblinking trapped deadly dangerously stretchy originated previously irregular extremely initiative prepared impersonating inhale

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CATEGORIES Prefixes un-

in-/im-/il-/ir-

pre-

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Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________

“Dragon, Dragon”
Unit 6, page 412
REVIEW:
crane lunge

VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION plague ravage

GET

TO KNOW: EXPRESSIONS, IDIOMS, PHRASES, AND OTHER TERMS FROM THE SELECTION cobbler lair slain flabbergasted out-fox wizard in a jiffy

WORD ROOTS
Roots are the basic building blocks of words. Listed below are some common Latin and Greek word roots. (Many more word roots exist.) Most of these roots appear in words with other roots, prefixes, and suffixes because they can’t stand alone as words. Six Latin Word Roots Root extra man ped port spect vid/vis Meaning outside hand foot carry look see Six Greek Word Roots Root auto bio geo ist micro tele Meaning self life earth one who small from afar Example automobile biography geography zoologist microbe telegraph Example extraordinary manufacture pedal transport spectator video/envision

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list as many as you can. with its definition. In each exterior circle. Now. Here’s an example: chronic meaning: marked by long duration chron meaning: time chronicle meaning: historical account chronological meaning: arranged according to time synchronize meaning: happening at the same time Do the best you can with this exercise. © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 59 . along with its definition. If you can’t think of six words for each word root.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ Time for a word root brainstorm! Choose two roots from the tables on the previous page. Next. write the root in the center circle. Start by brainstorming words that contain these roots. write a word that contains the root. fill in the following charts.

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Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________

“The Rebellion of the Magical Rabbits”
Unit 6, page 425
REVIEW:
ascend audacious defiance

VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION homage insist loll

paralyze saucy

GET

TO KNOW: EXPRESSIONS, IDIOMS, PHRASES, AND OTHER TERMS FROM THE SELECTION agile frolicked posterity colossal innumerable sabotaging epidemic jubilant subversive ethics multitude twitter exterminate plague

ACCENTED SYLLABLES
When you say a word with more than one syllable, one syllable is stressed. This means the syllable sounds louder than the others. In a dictionary pronunciation, an accent mark (‘) is placed after the stressed syllable. Try placing the accent mark on the correct syllable in these words from “The Rebellion of the Magical Rabbits.” Say each word aloud. Try to hear which syllable you naturally stress. Mark this syllable with an accent mark. Check your work with a dictionary. EXAMPLE 1. in sist 2. de fi ance 3. ag ile 4. sub ver sive 5. sauc y 6. par a lyze 7. ju bi lant 8. eth ics 9. twit ter 10. as cend re bell’ ion

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“The Creation”
Unit 7, page 455
REVIEW:
VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION
clutch

VERB TENSES
Many of the verbs in “The Creation” are past tense. The verbs listed below, some of which are from the story, are irregular in their past tense forms. Write each of these irregular past tense verbs in their present tense form. EXAMPLE irregular past tense came irregular past tense 1. grew 2. was 3. made 4. fell 5. were 6. swam 7. dove 8. caught 9. became 10. flew 11. brought 12. began present tense come present tense ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________

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Write the past tense form of these verbs. Some past tense forms are regular, and others are irregular. present tense 13. walk 14. think 15. skate 16. climb 17. wiggle 18. jog 19. skip 20. race 21. stretch 22. bend 23. jump 24. ski past tense ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________

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page 460 REVIEW: assent composure dank derange divert VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION expiate foliage iridescent lair protrude remorse semblance serene MORE ACCENTED SYLLABLES Try placing the accent mark on the correct syllable in these vocabulary words. EXAMPLE dis in’ te grat’ ed 6. com po sure 2. Say each word aloud and try to hear the syllables you naturally stress.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ “The Twelve Labors of Hercules” Unit 7. di vert 4. de range 3. EXAMPLE Her’ cu les 1. In the dictionary. Check your work with a dictionary. pri ma ry 9. Check your work with a dictionary. these words have two accent marks in their entries. The larger mark shows the primary accent. Place the accent marks on the correct syllables in these words from “The Twelve Labors of Hercules. se rene Some words have two stressed syllables. The smaller mark shows the secondary accent. de ter mi na tion 8. con grat u late 10.” Use a larger mark for the primary accent. o ver whelm ed 7. pro trude 5. a pol o gize © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 63 .

For example. IDIOMS. Think about a story you would like to invent. you will have to come up with names for your characters and settings. You may also include in your stories other things that need names. page 466 GET TO KNOW: EXPRESSIONS. Carrot Corner. Legends. Some of the categories listed may not apply to your story. and Stories Unit 7. Big Water Place. and other elements of the story and write them below. PHRASES. If you are creating a story in which your characters are animals that can speak. and so forth. you may create language that they would use to name the things in their lives— Mole Hill. settings. Or your characters may live in houses called heliodomes. Character or characters: ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Setting(s): ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Where do the characters live? ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 64 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . you may develop a space-age vehicle and call it a Viritocopter. Create names for the characters. if you are creating a futuristic story. AND OTHER TERMS FROM THE SELECTION cherished fabric of the universe fantastical intricate reanimate CREATING LANGUAGE When you are inventing stories to tell other people.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ Getting into Storytelling: On the Telling of Myths.

CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ What do the characters use for transportation? ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ What do the characters eat? ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ What pastimes do the characters have? ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ What tools or machines do the characters use? ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 65 .

On page 910 in the textbook is a list of words that are commonly misspelled in English. Would that be ph or f? • Errors because you just aren’t familiar with a particular spelling rule. Springing Lark” Unit 7. Some people have trouble with homophones. • Check the word. • Look at the word. page 471 REVIEW: compel console forsake VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION oblige penetrate plight ploy procession splendor SPELLING: SELF-CORRECTION One way to decrease the number of spelling errors you make is to catch the mistakes yourself and fix them before you share your writing with others. words you’re trying to learn to spell. In general. It’s also helpful to be aware of the kinds of mistakes you tend to make. • Rewrite the word—correctly. • Errors because letters are out of order. Read through the list and note below any words that you regularly misspell. it’s easier to catch. spelling errors occur in a few ways: • Errors in the ways a word is pronounced. Is it i before e or e before i? • Errors because there are numerous ways a sound can be spelled. • Say the word. If you know you’re prone to a problem. __________________________ 3. __________________________ 2.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ “The Singing. __________________________ 5. writing “there” instead of “their” or vice versa. My Problem Words 1. and other. We all have words that are difficult for us to spell. __________________________ 4. for example. of course! 66 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC .” you are likely to misspell it as well. • Write the word. Self-correction is possible if you proofread your work. • Cover the word and think about its spelling. __________________________ Here’s a simple study strategy for these. If you mispronounce the word temperature as “temprature.

” is a small charcoal stove in Japanese. ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 2. PHRASES. If you know additional words that are borrowed from other languages. ___________________________________________________________________________________________ © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 67 . you may be so familiar with a word. English words are also borrowed and can be heard in other languages. These words are commonly spoken. In English. For example. ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 5. 1. IDIOMS. ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 6. incorporate them into your sentences. Africa zero voodoo Australia boomerang kangaroo Caribbean barbecue canoe potato China kung fu tea Germany kindergarten waltz Italy fiasco opera violin Middle East bazaar caravan Pacific Islands/Polynesia taboo tattoo Scandinavia egg ski sky South America jaguar poncho Spain hammock guitar Choose six words from the list above. Of course. and can be found in the English dictionary. ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 3. ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 4. In fact. you don’t even realize it’s borrowed. the word refers to a small charcoal grill. page 480 REVIEW: VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION commotion nestle GET TO KNOW: EXPRESSIONS. appear in literature. AND OTHER TERMS FROM THE SELECTION hibachi lotus root kimonos tatami BORROWING FOREIGN WORDS Some English words are borrowed from other languages. underlining the borrowed word.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ “The Magic Mortar” Unit 7. which appears in “The Magic Mortar. the word hibachi. Use each in a sentence. Here are some words that are borrowed from languages spoken in other places around the world.

on the street. PHRASES. AND OTHER TERMS FROM THE SELECTION executed twilight PAVE A good way to help yourself remember the meaning of an unfamiliar word you encounter while reading is using PAVE. If necessary. in stores. You can also use the Word Study Notebook to write down new words you encounter in the news. IDIOMS. or in other subject areas. PAVE stands for Prediction. select and write down the most appropriate definition. verify the word’s meaning by using a dictionary or glossary or by asking your teacher. rewrite the sentence to reflect the meaning you found. Evaluation You may want to create a Word Study Notebook to use when trying PAVE. and Evaluation. Evaluate the sentence you wrote using the word. Association. first try to predict the word’s meaning based on the context and on your prior knowledge of the word or its parts. Look for the following words in the short story “The Cow of No Color. If you use a dictionary. Next. Then. page 489 REVIEW: GET VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION ponder TO KNOW: EXPRESSIONS. advice (page 489) Prediction __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Association _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Verification _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Evaluation __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 68 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . Prediction Association Verification When you encounter an unfamiliar word. Verification. draw an image that will help you remember the meaning of the word. If you wish. 1.” Try PAVE for each word. write a new sentence using the word. A dictionary may offer multiple meanings for the same word.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ “The Cow of No Color” Unit 7.

executed (page 490) Prediction __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Association _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Verification _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Evaluation __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 69 . spokesman (page 489) Prediction __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Association _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Verification _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Evaluation __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 4.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ 2. fame (page 489) Prediction __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Association _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Verification _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Evaluation __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 3.

CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ 5. justice (page 490) Prediction __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Association _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Verification _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Evaluation __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 7. jealousy (page 490) Prediction __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Association _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Verification _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Evaluation __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 6. stool (page 490) Prediction __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Association _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Verification _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Evaluation __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 70 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC .

twilight (page 490) Prediction __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Association _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Verification _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Evaluation __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 9.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ 8. speechless (page 490) Prediction __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Association _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Verification _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Evaluation __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 10. ponder (page 490) Prediction __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Association _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Verification _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Evaluation __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 71 .

1. page 494 GET TO KNOW: EXPRESSIONS. paving (page 495) Prediction __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Association _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Verification _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Evaluation __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 2. IDIOMS. PHRASES. AND OTHER TERMS FROM THE SELECTION crockery omen orphan superstition MORE PAVE Look for the following words in “Don’t Step on a Crack. interpreted (page 495) Prediction __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Association _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Verification _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Evaluation __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 72 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC .” Try PAVE for each word.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ “Don’t Step on a Crack” Unit 7.

lurking (page 495) Prediction __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Association _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Verification _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Evaluation __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 73 . venture (page 495) Prediction __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Association _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Verification _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Evaluation __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 5.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ 3. innocent (page 495) Prediction __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Association _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Verification _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Evaluation __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 4.

haggard (page 497) Prediction __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Association _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Verification _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Evaluation __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 74 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC .CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ 6. hazards (page 496) Prediction __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Association _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Verification _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Evaluation __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 7. obvious (page 496) Prediction __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Association _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Verification _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Evaluation __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 8.

CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ 9. misfortune (page 497) Prediction __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Association _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Verification _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Evaluation __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 75 . infancy (page 497) Prediction __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Association _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Verification _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Evaluation __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 10. counteract (page 497) Prediction __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Association _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Verification _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Evaluation __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 11.

haggard (page 497) Prediction __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Association _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Verification _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Evaluation __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 14. infancy (page 497) Prediction __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Association _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Verification _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Evaluation __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 76 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC .CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ 12. mourners (page 497) Prediction __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Association _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Verification _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Evaluation __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 13.

CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ 15. properties (page 497) Prediction __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Association _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Verification _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Evaluation __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 77 .

Confirm your work in a dictionary. read the sentences before and after the sentence that contains the unknown word. But first. 1. page 515 REVIEW: apparatus bear concussion VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION immense resilient savor slacken surge tumultuous CONTEXT CLUES—INTRODUCTION Sometimes the meaning of an unfamiliar word can be learned by studying the words. synonyms. Often your own experience can help you define an unfamiliar word. and antonyms are all context clues you’ll learn about in the coming lessons. You can take the words from the Words for Everyday Use vocabulary list or choose your own words from the story. Word: Best Guess: _________________________________________________________________________________ Actual Definition: ____________________________________________________________________________ 78 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . If you still can’t figure out the meaning of the word. Definitions. comparisons. sentences. Begin with one of the words you’ve selected to study. replace the unknown word with your “best guess” synonym. Make a list of three words you don’t know. reread the sentence. and paragraphs surrounding the term. restatements. you may have solved the word puzzle. Read Ray Bradbury’s “All Summer in a Day. concentrate on what you already know. Word: Best Guess: _________________________________________________________________________________ Actual Definition: ____________________________________________________________________________ 3. Word: Best Guess: _________________________________________________________________________________ Actual Definition: ____________________________________________________________________________ 2.” which begins on page 516 in your textbook. Now. Learning from context is an excellent way to develop your vocabulary. contrasts. If you discover a clue in the context surrounding the word. Read the sentence it is found in. Keep track of word detective work below. Does the original sentence make sense? If so. based on the clues.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ “All Summer in a Day” Unit 8.

” Underline the definitions and restatements you find in the text. Using what you know from the example. Determine whether the context clue is a definition or a restatement and circle the correct answer. Words like is or means can signal that a definition follows. Read the following sentences. They may give the word’s definition or restate the word in language that is easier to comprehend. Then write a definition for the underlined word. the change was striking to her teachers. To be aloof is to be unfriendly.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ “The Woman and the Wolf” Unit 8. go back to the first paragraph of this exercise. that is. definition / restatement Write your own definition of aloof: _____________________________________________________________ 2. so you can grasp the definition of the word. My grandmother is an ardent admirer of Elvis—that is. that is. 1. spending twice as much time studying for her spelling tests. she’s crazy about him! definition / restatement Write your own definition of ardent: ___________________________________________________________ © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 79 . Restatements often use words and phrases like or. Restatements use different words to say the same thing. page 525 REVIEW: abhorrent aloof ardent complacent convulsive crescendo envisage erratic VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION foreboding forsake furtive indomitable lithe obscurity onslaught pallid AND perception pervade proprietary rebuff strident throng vagrant void CONTEXT CLUES: DEFINITIONS RESTATEMENTS Sometimes writers provide clues that may help you figure out the meaning of a word you don’t know. Definitions give the meaning of the word. EXAMPLES Definition: Jackie redoubled her efforts. and in other words to announce that a restatement follows. Restatement: Her grades improved dramatically. which include vocabulary words from “The Woman and the Wolf. Can you find more examples of definition and restatement? Underline them.

The pioneers decided to leave. definition / restatement Write your own definition of complacent: _______________________________________________________ 4. definition / restatement Write your own definition of throng: ___________________________________________________________ 5. 7. Circle the definition context clue. ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Write a sentence that contains a restatement context clue. with a second place finish at the science fair. or satisfied. forsaking their farmstead. Underline the word you are defining. Randy was complacent. ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 80 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . 6. definition / restatement Write your own definition of forsaking: _________________________________________________________ Write a sentence that contains a definition context clue.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ 3. Underline the word you are restating. Circle the restatement context clue. The rock star greeted the throng. or a large group. of admirers with a big smile.

If an event is happening in the morning. TV 9.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ “I. 3.” An abbreviation is a short way of writing a word or group of words. You can look in a dictionary to confirm your spelling. it will occur at 2:00 ____.” the author uses the abbreviation AKA. An acronym is a word made from the first letters of a group of words.A. If your birthday falls in a month that has an abbreviation. November. 4. 11. Tues. Inc. February. Hungry Hannah Cassandra Glen” Unit 8. and December). 1. (December). write it here _________. page 538 REVIEW: botch bureau charity VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION fluted hereby passable pasty upstanding ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS In “I. rte. Write what each abbreviation or acronym means below. U. it will occur at 10:00 ____. © EMC ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 81 . Others do not. September. October. which means “also know as. Write the abbreviation for the state you live in _______. MADD (Mothers Against Drunk Driving) Fill in the blanks with common abbreviations or acronyms. 5.S. Dr. 7. EXAMPLES abbreviations acronyms Dec. Co. August. Some months can be abbreviated (January. Many abbreviations use periods. 6. If an event is happening in the afternoon. SOS 12. Hungry Hannah Cassandra Glen. 14. (route) CD (compact disk). 2. UFO 10. lbs. Assoc. St. 8. NEA 13. 15.

however.” Underline the definitions and restatements you find in the text. Like and as often announce comparison clues. For her graduation party. The campers are liable to catch a cold. compare / contrast Write your own definition of fantasy: ___________________________________________________________ 2. which include vocabulary words from “Raymond’s Run. on the other hand. EXAMPLE Comparison Mimi’s mother said her messy room looked like a catastrophe had occurred. but it broke the restraint and bit the delivery person. Comparison clues compare similar words. Determine whether the context clue is a definition or a restatement and circle the correct answer. like an unreal dream. Then write a definition for the underlined word. compare / contrast Write your own definition of corsage: __________________________________________________________ 3. Words like although. as the weather was unfavorable and all their clothing and equipment got wet. Cecile received a corsage that looked like a small copy of the flower arrangement on the table. Contrast clues suggest the difference between words. page 550 REVIEW: corsage fantasy VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION liable organdy prodigy psych CONTEXT CLUES: COMPARE AND CONTRAST Writers may use comparison and contrasting clues to help readers understand difficult words. compare / contrast Write your own definition of liable: ____________________________________________________________ 82 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . Read the following sentences. Contrast The trainer muzzled the dog. The story was a fantasy. yet. 1. and but suggest that a comparison clue is being used.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ “Raymond’s Run” Unit 8.

Underline the word you are defining. ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 7. The child was a piano prodigy. ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 83 . compare / contrast Write your own definition of ridiculous: _________________________________________________________ 6. compare / contrast Write your own definition of prodigy: __________________________________________________________ 5. The color of the room was ridiculous. Underline the word you are restating. like the hot pink of cotton candy.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ 4. Circle the contrast context clue. Write a sentence that contains a comparison context clue. Write a sentence that contains a contrast context clue. who had no musical talent at all. Circle the comparison context clue. unlike his brother.

which include vocabulary words from “The Boy Who Talked with Animals. synonym / antonym Write your own definition of commotion: _______________________________________________________ 2. The consumption of gasoline decreased because people use less gas when its price increases. Once the commotion ended. Determine whether the context clue is a synonym or an antonym. EXAMPLES Synonym Her purse was so cramped there was no room for anything else in the pocketbook. synonym / antonym Write your own definition of extraordinary: ______________________________________________________ 4.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ “The Boy Who Talked with Animals” Unit 8. and contrasts. Antonym clues are words that have the opposite or nearly the opposite meanings. 1. synonym / antonym Write your own definition of intimate: __________________________________________________________ 84 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . Synonym clues are words that have the same or nearly the same meanings. page 563 REVIEW: bilious commotion consumption deem extraordinary impassive VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION intercept intimate lethal patronizing paunchy restrain sedate stricken subdued veranda CONTEXT CLUES: SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS In addition to definitions. Circle the correct answer. restatements. Then write a definition for the underlined word. writers may use synonym and antonym context clues to help readers understand unknown words. a complete sense of quiet filled the room.” Underline the synonyms and antonyms you find in the text. The party was gigantic and not the least bit intimate. comparisons. The review said the movie was extraordinary and truly remarkable. Antonym The librarian was so grumpy he made everyone else look like they were in great moods. Read the following sentences. synonym / antonym Write your own definition of consumption: ______________________________________________________ 3.

Underline the word you are restating. The lethal poison killed the rodents.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ 5. Circle the synonym context clue. 7. 6. ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Write a sentence that contains an antonym context clue. synonym / antonym Write your own definition of lethal: ____________________________________________________________ Write a sentence that contains a synonym context clue. ___________________________________________________________________________________________ © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 85 . Circle the antonym context clue. Underline the word you are defining.

• Genre—Have you read this kind of writing before? What do you think the experience will be like? • Subject—Is the subject new to you? What do you think it will be about? • Opening artwork—What does the opening illustration tell you about the work that follows? • Photo or illustration captions—Does reading the captions offer any clues about the work’s content? • Pull quotes—Pull quotes are the display text that enhances the layout of a story. • Cover copy—Sometimes the story synopsis and press quotes that are found on the cover of a book can offer insights about the story inside. use your prior knowledge to predict what’s to come. page 583 REVIEW: anguish condemn contrary disclose dogged VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION essence gabble inconspicuous minute parcel plight prophesy rove wayward CONTEXT CLUES: PREDICTION The more you read.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ “Potter’s Gray” Unit 8. Here are some ideas: • Title—Does it provide any insights into what the text will be about? • Author—Have you ever read anything by this writer before? What do you know about her/his work? The author’s biography may give you some insights into the work. 86 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . You may also discover that how you approach texts in general can make a difference in your understanding. When reading. the more opportunities you’ll have to practice using context clues to help you understand the meaning of new words. This larger text calls attention to important text from the story.

Cover copy _________________________________________________________________________________ © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 87 . Title _______________________________________________________________________________________ 2. Choose a selection from the textbook that you’ve never read. Photo or illustration captions _________________________________________________________________ 7.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ Try practicing the techniques described on the previous page. Genre _____________________________________________________________________________________ 4. Were your predictions on target? Would you use this method in the future to help you with your understanding? What did the following items tell you about the selection or about a passage in the selection? 1. Use the notes on the previous page to guide you as you take notes about your predictions. Subject ____________________________________________________________________________________ 5. Pull quotes _________________________________________________________________________________ 8. When you’ve finished. read the work. Author _____________________________________________________________________________________ 3. Opening artwork ____________________________________________________________________________ 6.

page 611 RHYMING AND SPELLING Many words that rhyme with one another actually are spelled quite differently. in the poem “Power of the Pen. weird ______________________________________________________________________________________ 5. embarrass __________________________________________________________________________________ 3. determine which letters people may have trouble remembering. license _____________________________________________________________________________________ 7. That can make it difficult to remember the correct spellings of those words.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ Getting into Poetry: Power of the Pen Unit 9. if you commonly misspell the word attendance as attendence. surprise_____________________________________________________________________________________ 8. Then create a memory aid to help remember the correct spelling. parallel _____________________________________________________________________________________ 9. For example. Another way is to create an association between a word and its spelling. For example.” seas rhymes with sneeze. For each of the following commonly misspelled words. beggar _____________________________________________________________________________________ 88 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . you might remember to link the word to the correct spelling by thinking of the attendance at the dance. 1. breathe_____________________________________________________________________________________ 10. mysterious __________________________________________________________________________________ 6. separate ____________________________________________________________________________________ 2. A good way to help yourself remember the correct spellings is to visualize the word as a picture. fascinate____________________________________________________________________________________ 4.

• What part of speech the word is. AND OTHER TERMS FROM THE SELECTION bettyandisbel perhaps queer eddie and bill piracies to and fro mud-luscious DICTIONARY A dictionary is an important resource for spelling and vocabulary development. definition © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 89 . In fact. Gk asphaltos] 1: a brown to black bituminous substance that is found in natural beds and is also obtained as a residue in petroleum refining and that consists chiefly of hydrocarbons 2: an asphaltic composition used for pavements and as a waterproof cement—as • phalt • ic \’as-. this review will remind you about the great information a dictionary provides.folt-tik\ adj Label the following parts of the asphalt dictionary entry: A.” by Lillian Morrison. no matter the publisher. If so.folt\ n [ME aspalt. syllable division E. word origin D. pages 615–625 REVIEW: GET asphalt VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTIONS skim whirring TO KNOW: EXPRESSIONS. Here’s an entry from Webster’s New Collegiate dictionary for the word asphalt. • What the word means. In general. Different dictionaries use slightly different styles for their entries.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ Poetry: Imagery and Shape Unit 9. you will find the information you require. IDIOMS. LL aspaltus. though. fr. • Examples of how to use the word. fr. part of speech F. • How to pronounce the word. You can use a dictionary to find: • How a word is spelled. as • phalt \’as-. pronunciation C. or On the Skateboard. PHRASES. you probably already use a dictionary to help you with your schoolwork. which is found in the poem “The Sidewalk Racer. spelling B.

PHRASES. IDIOMS. which is given as part of each entry. This chart explains how the symbols in the phonetic spelling of a word. should sound.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ Poetry: Sound Unit 9. For example. AND OTHER TERMS FROM THE SELECTION ‘twas gimble slithy azure glance snicker-snack Bandersnatch gyre thou beamish hast thy borogoves Jabberwock toves brillig Jubjub bird tramp burbled manxome tulgey chortled mimsy Tumtum tree uffish crag mome raths vorpal frabjous outgrabe wabe frumious sedately shudder whiffling galumphing MORE ON PRONUNCIATION At the front of a dictionary is a pronunciation key. pages 630–657 REVIEW: airs askance downy VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION incessant seek shun supple GET TO KNOW: EXPRESSIONS. long vowel sounds are represented with straight lines over the vowels. Long Vowel a e i o u Symbol a ¯ e ¯ ¯ o ¯ u Example gat ¯ fet ¯ ¯s gol ¯ — rood Word gate feet ice goal rude 90 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC .

hav 9. jä 5. clever 16. kik 8. manage 20. Consult a dictionary if you are stuck. a little baffling. ev ‘ r 7. you see an illustration of what is likely a Jabberwock. youth 12. the description of it gives you a good idea: it has jaws that bite. pray 13. Father William. Word 11. Pronunciation –– 1. claws. bäks 4. most 19. hair Pronunciation CONTEXT CLUES Although the language in “Jabberwocky” is unusual and. and eyes of flame. hwı t 3. From the context. law 14.” Use the pronunciation key to figure out what words they are. © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 91 . yoo – 2. – ı 6. you can understand it best if you use context clues. For example. case 17. If you look at other parts of the page. e gen’ e Word Your turn! Try writing the phonetic spellings (pronunciation) for words from the poem. you can surmise that the Jabberwock is a scary beast. at first glance. even though you don’t know what a Jabberwock is. oint ‘ ment 10.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ Here are some dictionary pronunciations for words found in the poem “You are Old. life 15. brain 18.

______________ is a synonym for the word tattered. beamish ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 29. Then.” by Charles Rezhikoff. The definitions for these words are numbered within the dictionary entry. write a sentence of your own using the word. What is an automat? ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 31. uffish ______________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 23. burbled ____________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 27. manxome __________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 24.. frabjous ____________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ MORE ON DEFINITIONS One of the most common reasons for using a dictionary is to look up what a word means. How many definitions does your dictionary have for the word sedate? What part of speech is the word sedately? ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 32.. vorpal _____________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 28. 21. 92 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . Try to define the following words from the poem.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ Many of the words used in “Jabberwocky” can be understood using context clues. frumious ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 22. Some words have more than one meaning. 30. whiffling ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 25. tulgey _____________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 26. for each word. Use your dictionary savvy to answer these questions about words from the poem “Two Girls.

Does the term human being appear in your dictionary as a single entry? If not.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ 33. Write how the word amused is used in an example in your dictionary. how would you suggest finding out the meaning of the phrase? ___________________________________________________________________________________________ © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 93 . How many definitions does your dictionary have for the word askance? ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 34. ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 35.

definition ________________________________________________________________________________ 4. Choose from the list below a word that appears in the poem “Ox Cart Man.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ Poetry: Narrative Unit 9. example of word in use Compare your entry to an actual dictionary entry for the word. word written with syllable division __________________________________ 2. pages 662–666 GET TO KNOW: EXPRESSIONS. phonetic spelling (pronunciation) __________________________________ 3. How do they compare? 94 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . barn cart cold fire honey leather ox potato salt seed tax wool Your entry should include the following items in this order: 1. PHRASES. IDIOMS.” Write a dictionary entry for the word. AND OTHER TERMS FROM THE SELECTIONS flaxseed hooped sheared forge portion yoke harness IT DICTIONARY REVIEW: PUTTING ALL TOGETHER Put your knowledge of dictionaries to use by writing a dictionary entry. part of speech ____________________________________________________________________________ 5.

pages 671-672 REVIEW: dote indulgence VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION magnanimous suffuse SEMANTIC FAMILY MAPPING: CITY TALK The following words all have to do with cities. Use the cluster chart to divide the words into groups.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ Poetry: Lyric Unit 9. avenue block boulevard city community district downtown metropolis neighborhood park plaza square street thoroughfare town trail village cities © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 95 . Then use the lines below to organize and label each subgroup. Meet with a partner or small group to compare papers. Discuss the differences between the different items within each group you created. The words can be organized into groups.

Perhaps in no kind of writing is choosing the exactly right word more important than in poetry. pages 677–678 REVIEW: VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION dash WORD CHOICE Writer Mark Twain. But it seems more extreme to be furious than to be mad. What do you notice about the change in language? Is the difference like that between lightning and lightning bug? Original Poem Fifty cents apiece To eat our lunch We’d run Straight from school Instead of home Two blocks Then the store That smelled like steam You ordered Because you had the money Two hot dogs and two pops for here Rewritten with Synonyms Fifty cents each To eat our meal We’d race Directly from school Not going home A couple blocks Then the shop That smelled like hot air You chose Because you had the cash Two wieners and two sodas for here 96 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . When selecting a word. so the ones they choose to use carry a lot of weight.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ Poetry: Translated Verse Unit 9. Connotations do not align with the dictionary definitions of a word. Here are several lines as she wrote them. Poet Sandra Cisneros wrote “Good Hot Dogs” in English and later translated it to Spanish. For example. Beside these phrases are the same lines rewritten with synonyms in place of some words. once said: The difference between the right word and the almost right word is the difference between lightning and the lightning bug. who wrote Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and The Adventures of Tom Sawyer. Poets are good at expressing ideas with very few words. Connotation is the positive or negative feelings a reader associates with a word. both mad and furious are synonyms for the word angry. you’ll want to consider its connotation. What Twain was saying is that the words we choose are important.

Original Poem Everything on the hot dogs Except pickle lily Dash those hot dogs Into buns and splash on All that good stuff Yellow mustard and onions And french fries piled on top all Rolled up in a piece of wax Paper for us to hold hot In our hands Quarters on the counter Sit down Good hot dogs We’d eat Fast till there was nothing left But salt and poppy seeds even The little burnt tips of french fries We’d eat You humming And me swinging my legs Review your work.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ Try rewriting the rest of Cisneros’ poem. Was it difficult to find “just the right word?” How do you think changing Cisneros’ language changed the poem? Rewritten with Synonyms © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 97 . Write the original line if you can’t think of replacement synonyms for the words in the phrase.

IDIOMS. Use a thesaurus to find synonyms for these words from Shakespeare’s “All the World’s a Stage. Consulting a thesaurus is one way of finding “just the right word.” A thesaurus is organized alphabetically. • its part of speech.” which is from his play. antonyms for the word. Words players exit entrances time parts quarrel modern spectacles Synonyms ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ Review the list of Shakespeare’s words and your own. • synonyms for the word. • the word used in an example. As You Like It. sometimes. an entry will include: • a short definition for the word. you might find it difficult to find the exact word you need to convey an idea. page 695 GET TO KNOW: EXPRESSIONS. • and.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ “All the World’s a Stage” Unit 10. Entries from different thesauri may contain slightly different kinds of information. Which do you think you would be more likely to use when writing? Why? 98 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . though. just like a dictionary. Both books can be found in the reference sections of libraries. In general. PHRASES. AND OTHER TERMS FROM THE SELECTION capon oaths pard satchel mewling pantaloon reputation treble A USING THESAURUS Sometimes when writing.

Germany Acronyms Acronyms are formed from the initial letters of a compound term EXAMPLES FDA—Food and Drug Administration FBI—Federal Bureau of Investigation Shortening Words Words are sometimes shortened to make them easier to say.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ The Ugly Duckling Unit 10. EXAMPLES ad—from the word advertisement lab—from the word laboratory Brand Names Sometimes brand names for an object are used generically to describe the object—even when it’s a different brand. EXAMPLES lindy—name of a popular dance whose name is taken from Charles A. the English language gains words from other sources. page 697 REVIEW: abandonment affirm alter ardently assume attribute condemn cryptic dignified doggedness elusive exaggerate VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION grudge homage imperious inappropriate inevitable invariable meditation nonchalantly omen ordeal pluck posterity precautionary propound retire ruse staple strenuous suitor surreptitiously swoon tactful vain waft WORD ORIGINS In addition to foreign words “borrowed” from other languages. EXAMPLES Xerox—for photocopies Scotch tape—for tape © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 99 . Names of People and Places Sometimes words are named for people or places. Lindbergh hamburger—named after the city of Hamburg.

shortened word. acronym. Words are listed horizontally.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ Categorize these words as: people/place. diagonally. A Z J M E K M K K M V Z C N S K D R F W E O E W P Q C M F P H D N L J E T C L D I Y O J X O P E D M A Y M R C R R F A Z K L Z H C X E A K O N E X C G I T L B P O D U N X L L N M L O Q A N F I B N A M K L A W E I A T G Y K H O W E R C X N B G H E U N E Y D Q T I A I O E L D I A D N A B N H O G F A D G L T L H K C D E H A U E N O W I A H C W A L E R T X S O K I F D F C N I D B R N O R U A O A J U T W Q G N D R U Q M S R Z T B P M Z S F W U L Z U V A V C X D H Q I E R A E B Y D D E T V U T F C A Z F X W B O C E G P G E D T T U K H M Y O N K R O T L K J K C K N O M N N L H 100 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . vertically. and in reverse. or brand name. Word Auto NBA Rollerblade UFO Walkman bike NASA Teddy bear Category _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ Word Kleenex Band-Aid phone Laundromat PC CD John Hancock Category _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ Find the above words in this word search.

arrogant dangerously drifting fastened fumbling gauze indecision moonshiner scrutinize Word people. it can be helpful to classify them based on parts of speech. Try them all. Thinking about them in this manner encourages you to consider how you might use the words in sentences. some work best for certain types of words. Use your dictionary as a resource for these exercises. Fill in the table below. place. you are more likely to actually employ them in your everyday vocabulary. You may find that some kinds of exercises work better for you than others.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ In the Fog Unit 10. When learning new words. place. thing (adjective) describes action (adverb) Use the word in a sentence © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 101 . so you may prefer to use different exercises at different times. Once you are familiar with how words could be used. thing (noun) actions (verbs) describes people. page 717 REVIEW: arrogant dismissal enchantment VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION grizzled grotesque indignant ironic scrutinize WORD STUDY: PARTS OF SPEECH CLASSIFICATION The following Word Study exercises are suggestions to help you study new words. In addition. Classify these words based on their part of speech.

antonym: meager Once you’ve created them. Writing each corner in a different color pen will help you remember what you’re studying. J. Make a card for each of the twelve vocabulary words listed above from “Madam C. Walker. J. Walker” Unit 11. Here is the information a card should contain: write a synonym here write a definition in your own words here Vocabulary Word phonetic spelling/pronunciation write a sentence that uses the word write an antonym here Use index cards and colored pens to create your Vocabulary Cards. Vocabulary Cards are handy and portable. Follow the design above. so you can study anywhere—even in a car or on the bus! 102 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . page 740 REVIEW: VOCABULARY affection ambition astute FROM THE SELECTION bequest hygiene lavish provision recruit renovate reveal segregate shortcoming WORD STUDY: VOCABULARY CARDS Do you have a spelling test or vocabulary test coming up? Vocabulary Cards are great study aids.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ “Madam C.” EXAMPLE synonym: bountiful definition: to spend extravagantly/to have in abundance lavish lav´ • ish sentence: The wedding banquet was lavish.

When this occurs.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ “Satchel Paige” Unit 11.” which is found on page 749 of your textbook. it may not be possible to fill in the entire Definition Map. The ball used in this game. © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 103 . as in the example above. It includes some of the elements found on a Vocabulary Card. and some other items as well. baseball bas-bal Antonym: not applicable Synonym: kind of like softball What is it like? fun to play and watch national pastime a summertime sport Examples Professional Little League Sometimes. Make Definition Maps for two words from “Satchel Paige. just write “not applicable” in the portion of the map that can’t be completed. page 749 REVIEW: confrontation dismay exploit VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION flamboyant prosper rutted taunt waning WORD STUDY: DEFINITION MAP A Definition Map is another handy study tool. Picture/Graphic What does it look like? Category/Definition What is it? Word: Phonetic spelling/Pronunciation Comparisons Antonym/Synonym Examples Description What is it like? EXAMPLE What does it look like? What is it? Game played with bat and ball.

Geronimo toiled growing crops with his father and mother. which is found in the selection from Geronimo’s Story of His Life. toil Use It As a young man. Compare It Toil suggests putting forth extreme effort Describe It To work long and hard as opposed to simply working. Associate It A steelworker in a hot factory.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ from Geronimo’s Story of His Life Unit 11. Word Wheels analyze a word from different angles or points of view. 104 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . Here’s a Word Wheel for the word toil. A laborer in a dusty field. page 759 REVIEW: abound administer ascertain assemble VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION banish loiter profane prostrate secluded suspend toil WORD STUDY: WORD WHEEL A Word Wheel is another kind of study aid.

Make a Word Wheel for this word. found on page 760 in your textbook.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ Choose another word from Geronimo’s Story of His Life. Compare It Describe It Use It Associate It © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 105 .

page 768 REVIEW: foliage intangible VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION meander unfathomable GET TO KNOW: EXPRESSIONS. PHRASES. you will analyze words for their features. Sports soccer baseball hockey marathon running karate Uses Ball Individual Sport Equipment Includes Net Involves Running 106 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . Animal human giraffe gorilla orangutan ostrich X X X Primate X Lives in Africa X X X Mammal X X X X X Has Feathers Give it a try—fill out this Word Meaning Feature Analysis chart for sports. AND OTHER TERMS FROM THE SELECTION barrier intently shallow ravine compelled jubilant sighing doctorate latticework spellbound feeding outstanding terrain herbaceous vegetation resume WORD STUDY: WORD MEANING FEATURE ANALYSIS In this exercise. here is a feature analysis for five types of animals.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ from Gorillas in the Mist Unit 11. For example. IDIOMS.

Pick a topic. Here’s how: 1. Complete the chart by placing x’s in the squares as you did above in the sports table. share. or may not. write some words that relate to the category. 3. In the first row. 2. Look over the completed chart to see how each word is unique. In the first column. list some features that the words may. 5.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ Create a Word Meaning Feature Analysis chart. © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 107 . 4.

______________ + ______________ = ______________ 5. ______________ + ______________ = ______________ 108 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . ______________ + ______________ = ______________ 2. EXAMPLES smart + funny = smunny cold + grumpy = crumpy 1. EXAMPLES motor + hotel = motel breakfast + lunch = brunch smoke + fog = smog Blends are not very common in the English language. ______________ + ______________ = ______________ 6. ______________ + ______________ = ______________ 4.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ “The Five ‘Wanderers’ of the Ancient Skies” Unit 11. Just for fun. Be creative! Your blends do not have to be real words. create some blends of your own. ______________ + ______________ = ______________ 3. page 777 REVIEW: associate celestial concoct VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION intrigue reign relic retrograde ridicule BLENDS Blends are formed when two words are fused to make a new word.

2. 4.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ “Night” Unit 11. uamnut The season before winter is __________________. © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 109 . DO YOU HAVE Time Related Words THE TIME? Some words suggest the time of day without mentioning the exact time. Write the word on the line. saryhdTu The day after Wednesday is __________________. sunrise sunset morning noon night dusk dawn twilight evening daybreak nightfall midday midnight daytime nighttime Some words suggest the time of year without mentioning a specific date. weekday weekend Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday Unscramble the letters to make a time-related word. spring summer autumn fall winter solstice equinox harvest January February March April May June July August September October November December Some words suggest the time of the week. usiners Jack got up before __________________ to deliver newspapers. page 787 REVIEW: conspire grope VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION ironic persuade teeming trough EXCUSE ME. 1. ipAlr __________________ showers bring May flowers. 3.

8. 6. during the __________________. 10. 7. 11.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ 5. 110 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . itliwtgh __________________ is the light of the sky between sunset and night and between night and sunrise. our family watches TV together. mbterpeeS The first day of school is usually in August or __________________. tinhmgie After dinner. htiidgmn Tina stayed up past __________________ on New Year’s Eve. 9. 12. itwern __________________ is the coldest of the seasons. wedkene During the __________________ we do not go to school and our parents do not go to work. nwda Leslie woke up at __________________ to watch the sun rise. Saduyn Saturday and __________________ are weekend days.

AND OTHER TERMS FROM THE SELECTION fine particulates ground-level ozone sulfates A CREATE WORD STUDY NOTEBOOK Word Study Notebooks are collections of words you’ve studied and want to continue to work with in the future. PHRASES. 2. or while reading for fun—you can create a word square for the word. One envelope is for blank word squares. © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 111 . online. Time yourself. IDIOMS. See how many new words you can make by changing only one letter of the word. page 794 REVIEW: GET aggravation VOCABULARY FROM THE SELECTION emissions provisions TO KNOW: EXPRESSIONS. 3. or play against other students. Then write an entry in your book for the word. Go on a word hunt. Next. Take squares at random from the envelope. newspapers. Make a list. Make a list. see how many new words you can make by changing two letters. Tape or glue the other to the back inside cover of the book. Here’s what you need to make a Word Study Notebook: • an empty notebook • two envelopes • several sheets of paper cut into small squares • glue or tape Tape or glue one envelope to the front inside cover of your notebook. Your entries can be organized in a variety of ways: • alphabetically • by spelling rules • by spelling themes • by spelling lists • by parts of speech Or you can organize your word notes in a combination of ways. Take a word square at random from the envelope. or in a book. Use the word squares to play games or to practice writing sentences. Write sentences and paragraphs or short stories using your favorite words. The other is for word squares with words on them.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ “A Breath of Fresh Air?” Unit 11. Game Ideas 1. reading assignments. Try finding these words in print—in magazines. Now when you run across new words—spelling lists.

Spellers can ask the judge about the word’s definition. with each speller getting one word per round. This person will read the words that are to be spelled and check the spellings the participants give. Gather your friends and classmates and use your weekly spelling list or words from your Word Study Notebook. part of speech. D. Spellers can start over. Students with amazing spelling ability from around the country meet to compete. The last speller standing wins. Spellers stay in the competition until they miss a spelling.C. Good luck! Here are some of the words given in the first round of a recent national spelling bee. page 819 SPELLING BEE FUN Each year Scripps Howard National Spelling Bee final is held in Washington. The winner is declared the best speller in the land! You can organize your own spelling bee as a fun way to study. once they’ve spoken part of the spelling of a word. use in a sentence. One person serves as judge. but they can’t change the order of letters they’ve already said aloud. and history/source. prolegomenon mahout tularemia saponin exiguous laloplegia cappelletti escamotage pahoehoe Aesculapian oppidan litotes phyllophorous scintillation archivalia mostaccioli wunderkind cytolysis edulcorate austausch solmizate gobemouche phaeochrous deracinated ratafia veneniferous mistigris entente funipendulous involucre 112 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . The competition goes in rounds.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ Getting into Media: Contests! Unit 12.

rings a bell 5. Idioms are found in English (and other languages) and can be confusing if you’re unfamiliar with their meanings.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ “Earth from Space” Unit 12. small potatoes 8. IDIOMS. gift of gab 3. page 824 GET TO KNOW: EXPRESSIONS. Studying idioms (what they mean and their origins) is fascinating and fun. If you walk down the block and turn the corner. As you learn more about idioms. chill out 4. see eye to eye 9. PHRASES. Write the number of the idiom in front of the correct definition. dime a dozen 7. easy as pie 10. EXAMPLE Summer vacation is just around the corner. Idiom 1. do you think you’ll find summer? Of course not! The saying really means that summer will be here soon. you may want to keep a section in your Word Study Notebook to record interesting idiomatic phrases. get real Meaning ____ hurry up ____ not difficult ____ a boss or leader ____ face up to the truth ____ relax ____ to be fond of talking ____ to sound familiar ____ something that is inexpensive and/or easy to find ____ agree ____ something that is not important © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 113 . top dog 2. AND OTHER TERMS FROM THE SELECTION atmosphere hurricanes tidal waves earthquakes ozone IDIOMS Idioms are word phrases whose meanings are not literal. Match each idiomatic expression with its meaning. shake a leg 6.

here: 11. ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 13. ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 12. Jennifer is on the ball.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ Do you know any other idioms? Write five. ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 14. Matt was cool as a cucumber while playing his trumpet solo at the concert. meaning: __________________________________________________________________________________ 114 VOCABULARY RESOURCE D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . with their definitions. She always finishes her homework before dinner. 16. meaning: __________________________________________________________________________________ 17. ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 15. ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Do you know what the following expressions mean? Write their definitions below.

page 830 GET TO KNOW: EXPRESSIONS. Demeanor Unit 12. she instructs readers on how to address an envelope. Correct any mistakes using proofreader marks. Millertown. PA 25781 Tanya Blue 16 Tool Lane Lennox. Bluehill. AND OTHER TERMS FROM THE SELECTION bad rap poor guy steer clear oops! sharp MIND YOUR MANNERS! In the excerpts from the “Dear Ms. Don’t abbreviate the state name. goes in the center of the front with street address. such as Mr. Joan Griggs 14 Noble St. PHRASES. Anywhere. Here are her directions: Write your name. Demeanor gives kids etiquette advice. and state. KY © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 115 . Write everything else in full. city. Using Ms. Demeanor’s guidelines. for example. or Miss—from an envelope. for Doctor. On page 831. Tennessee Dr. OH 34011 Sally Miller 24 Jackson Blvd. Demeanor” column. John Smith. Never omit honorifics—Mr. city and state with zip code at the top left corner on the front of the envelope.. Mrs. IDIOMS.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ from Dear Ms. street address. Ms.. Jack Smith 421 Fifth Ave. The only word that can be abbreviated on an address is Dr. Your neighbor’s full name. proofread the following envelopes.

CONTENTS
Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________

Honorifics are social titles that convey respect. Other kinds of titles include military and those for elected officials. Do you know what these titles mean? Title: Reverend Senator Professor Honorable Captain Refers to: ______________________ ______________________ ______________________ ______________________ ______________________

Ms. Demeanor suggests an all-purpose closing a letter is Sincerely, followed by your name. Other common closings are Yours truly, and Best regards. Can you think of other closings you might use when signing letters?

Invitations have a language of their own. Do you know what the following phrases mean? Phrase: RSVP Regrets only Meaning: ______________________ ______________________

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Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________

“Beads & Bangles”
Unit 12, page 838
GET
TO KNOW: EXPRESSIONS, IDIOMS, PHRASES, AND OTHER TERMS FROM THE SELECTION assortment in-stock spool bobbins mass strand doz

CLICHÉS
Clichés are phrases that are overused and thus boring to hear or read. Although the use of clichés is common, try to avoid them in your own writing. EXAMPLE Gina’s hair is neat as a pin.

Do you know any clichés? Write three with their meanings below. 1. cliché: _____________________________________________________________________________________ meaning: __________________________________________________________________________________ 2. cliché: _____________________________________________________________________________________ meaning: __________________________________________________________________________________ 3. cliché: _____________________________________________________________________________________ meaning: __________________________________________________________________________________ Rewrite these sentences so they don’t include the underlined clichés. 4. The team put up a good fight, but lost in the final minutes of the game. ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 5. That morning radio announcer is full of hot air. ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 6. My grades are falling, so I’d better hit the books. ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 7. The substitute teacher was off the wall. ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 8. Dana insists on going bowling and skating for her birthday. She really wants to have her cake and eat it too. ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 9. My uncle said I could have his fancy convertible car when I turn sixteen. Of course, he was just pulling my leg. ___________________________________________________________________________________________
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Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________

“Hearing Under Siege”
Unit 12, page 843
GET
TO KNOW: EXPRESSIONS, IDIOMS, PHRASES, AND OTHER TERMS FROM THE SELECTION cranked permanent irreversible precautions

WORDS

THAT

REALLY MEASURE UP

Different kinds of measurement units have different names. Match these units with the thing they measure by writing the number of the measurement unit in front of the correct definition. Use a dictionary if you do not know what some of the units are. Unit 1. decibels 2. knots 3. pounds 4. degrees 5. watts 6. fathom 7. meters Measures ____ depth of water ____ distance ____ power ____ sound ____ weight ____ boat speed ____ temperature

Can you think of any other measurement units? Write three below. 8. ____________ measures _____________ 9. ____________ measures _____________ 10. ____________ measures _____________

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blah. PHRASES. an emotion. In the excerpt from The Adventures of Tintin: The Black Island. Which words do you prefer—the original or the translations? © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E VOCABULARY RESOURCE 119 . Now replace the words in the strip with your translations. page 850 GET TO KNOW: EXPRESSIONS. Highlight any comic book chatter you find.. Translate what these words mean in the context of the strip. for example. Zap! drats! oops! grrrr aieee! aigh! Translation ______________________ ______________________ ______________________ ______________________ ______________________ ______________________ ______________________ ______________________ Look in the comic section of a newspaper. and with the help of clever illustrations. Translate the comic book chatter below: As seen in the Comics Yikes! blah. readers understand what these blips and shrieks mean. AND OTHER TERMS FROM THE SELECTION cosh-stick robbery evidence swear COMIC BOOK CHATTER Comic strips often use words that wouldn’t make a lot of sense in other contexts. Listed below are some common words found in the funnies.. the artist uses: • ? • Eek • Aha! • zzzzz In the context of a comic strip story line. or a movement. blah. These words can suggest what a character is saying.CONTENTS Name________________________________________ Class_____________________ Date ____________________ from The Adventures of Tintin: The Black Island Unit 12. IDIOMS.

CONTENTS .

you’re chicken 5. Meanings 6. 1.–13. 4.CONTENTS Answer Key “The Goodness of Matt Kaizer” UNIT 1. 2. gross 2.000 3 2 D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E ANSWER KEY 121 . Responses will vary. baddest of the bad 4. 5. to relax with friends the person with the worst behavior to be afraid to do something disgusting a person who appears to be weak to like something great—a good thing or situation “Eleven” UNIT 1. 7. ate it up 3. PAGE 6 Speaking Slang Slang Phrases 1. hanging out 7. 3. sweet 8. PAGE 21 Numbers Count Words eight eleven five four nine one one hundred seven six ten thirty-one a thousand three two © EMC Numerals 8 11 5 4 9 1 100 7 6 10 31 1. small straw of a sad slug 6.

122 ANSWER KEY D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . 2. chives (long i ).000.–B. 10. “Ta-Na-E-Ka” UNIT 1. 6. As my birthday drew closer. I (long i ) would like (long i ) to go to France. 2. “You (long u ) are being rude (long u )!” 9.CONTENTS Numerals 1. Responses will vary. and even grasshoppers were probably better tasting.000 99 A. “Stop it!” my sister cried (long i ).000 29 14 16. 3. The baby began to drool (long u ) and chew (long u ) on his toy. PAGE 35 Other Vowel Sounds 1. It was bitter. Max fixed his boot (long u ) with glue (long u ). I had auful/awful nightmares about it. Ralph brought his bow (long o ) and arrow (long o ) to the picnic.–5. 7. and beans (long e ) in her garden. My grandmother grows (long o ) beets (long e ). We (long e ) are quite busy (long e ) these (long e ) days. The toad (long o ) hopped along the sidewalk (long i ). but I’m afraid to fly (long i ). Responses will vary. Rose (long o ) asked the dentist to look at her tooth (long u ). 4. 5. Mother fried (long i ) the bacon (long a ) on the campfire (long i ). 8. although/olthough I never intended to find out. 3. PAGE 27 Long Vowels 1. Words one million twenty-nine fourteen sixteen thousand ninety-nine “Why” UNIT 1.

what is its meaning? Prediction of word meaning: Responses will vary. revolting (page 48) Is there a free morpheme? If so. what is its meaning? Prediction of word meaning: Responses will vary. what is its meaning? retreat = draw back Is there a prefix? If so. 3. © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E ANSWER KEY 123 . kindness to others Is there a prefix? If so. retreat (page 49) Is there a free morpheme? If so. what is its meaning? re = back or again (possible answer) Is there a word root? If so. 2. what is its meaning? Is there a suffix? If so. what is its meaning? revolt = disgust or shock Is there a prefix? If so. what is its meaning? uni = one Is there a word root? If so. what is its meaning? dis = opposite Is there a word root? If so. what is its meaning? Is there a suffix? If so. what is its meaning? son = sound Is there a suffix? If so. what is its meaning? ing = forms adjective Prediction of word meaning: Responses will vary. what is its meaning? grace = manners. what is its meaning? Prediction of word meaning: Responses will vary. PAGE 56 Morphemes 1. unison (page 48) Is there a free morpheme? If so. what is its meaning? Is there a prefix? If so.CONTENTS “The All-American Slurp” UNIT 1. disgrace (page 48) Is there a free morpheme? If so. what is its meaning? Is there a word root? If so. 4. what is its meaning? Is there a suffix? If so.

what is its meaning? head = person in charge Is there a second free morpheme? If so. Is there a prefix? If so. mortified (page 49) Is there a free morpheme? If so. 124 ANSWER KEY D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . what is its meaning? tion = forms a noun Prediction of word meaning: Responses will vary. what is its meaning? -tion = forms a noun Prediction of word meaning: Responses will vary. what is its meaning? Is there a word root? If so. 6. consumption (page 52) Is there a free morpheme? If so. what is its meaning? Prediction of word meaning: Responses will vary. 7. what is its meaning? waiter = one who serves food. what is its meaning? Is there a prefix? If so. headwaiter (page 51) Is there a free morpheme? If so. inflection (page 50) Is there a free morpheme? If so. what is its meaning? Is there a suffix? If so. what is its meaning? Is there a suffix? If so. what is its meaning? in = not (possible answer) Is there a word root? If so. 8. what is its meaning? consume/consump = take or use up Is there a suffix? If so. what is its meaning? fied (fy) = forms a verb Prediction of word meaning: Responses will vary. what is its meaning? mort = death Is there a suffix? If so. what is its meaning? inflect = curve or bend Is there a prefix? If so. what is its meaning? Is there a word root? If so.CONTENTS 5. what is its meaning? Is there a word root? If so. what is its meaning? Is there a prefix? If so.

what is its meaning? Prediction of word meaning: Responses will vary. what is its meaning? Prediction of word meaning: Responses will vary. longbows (page 74) Is there a free morpheme? If so. what is its meaning? man = male human Is there a prefix? If so. what is its meaning? Is there a word root? If so. what is its meaning? Prediction of word meaning: Responses will vary. “How Robin Hood Saved the Widow’s Three Sons” UNIT 2. wallpaper (page 52) Is there a free morpheme? If so. 2. what is its meaning? Is there a word root? If so.CONTENTS 9. what is its meaning? Is there a suffix? If so. what is its meaning? Is there a word root? If so. what is its meaning? Is there a suffix? If so. 10. what is its meaning? Prediction of word meaning: Responses will vary. © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E ANSWER KEY 125 . Frenchman (page 52) Is there a free morpheme? If so. what is its meaning? bow = weapon for shooting arrows Is there a prefix? If so. what is its meaning? Is there a word root? If so. what is its meaning? Is there a suffix? If so. earnest (page 75) Is there a free morpheme? If so. what is its meaning? long = having great length Is there a second free morpheme? If so. what is its meaning? Is there a suffix? If so. what is its meaning? earnest = serious Is there a prefix? If so. what is its meaning? French = of or relating to France Is there a second free morpheme? If so. what is its meaning? paper = material used for writing or covering things Is there a prefix? If so. PAGE 74 More Morphemes 1. what is its meaning? wall = side of building or room Is there a second free morpheme? If so.

6. what is its meaning? him = male pronoun Is there a second free morpheme? If so. what is its meaning? pro = in favor Is there a word root? If so. what is its meaning? Is there a suffix? If so. 7. propose (page 75) Is there a free morpheme? If so. what is its meaning? guise = costume or style of dress Is there a prefix? If so. pretended (page 75) Is there a free morpheme? If so. what is its meaning? dis = opposite Is there a word root? If so. 5. what is its meaning? Is there a suffix? If so. what is its meaning? pretend = give false appearance Is there a prefix? If so.CONTENTS 3. what is its meaning? Prediction of word meaning: Responses will vary. what is its meaning? Prediction of word meaning: Responses will vary. 4. what is its meaning? Is there a word root? If so. exchange (page 75) Is there a free morpheme? If so. what is its meaning? -ed = forms past tense of verb Prediction of word meaning: Responses will vary. what is its meaning? Prediction of word meaning: Responses will vary. what is its meaning? Is there a suffix? If so. what is its meaning? Prediction of word meaning: Responses will vary. what is its meaning? Is there a word root? If so. what is its meaning? self = one’s own person Is there a prefix? If so. himself (page 75) Is there a free morpheme? If so. what is its meaning? ex = from out Is there a word root? If so. what is its meaning? change = to make different Is there a prefix? If so. what is its meaning? Is there a suffix? If so. 126 ANSWER KEY D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . what is its meaning? Is there a suffix? If so. disguise (page 75) Is there a free morpheme? If so. what is its meaning? pose = to put in place or to present for consideration Is there a prefix? If so.

cookbook: cook = to make food / book = paper fastened together. 13. what is its meaning? pare = to cut down or make less Is there a prefix? If so. 9. what is its meaning? man = male human being Is there a prefix? If so. 10. hangman (page 76) Is there a free morpheme? If so. 11. © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E ANSWER KEY 127 . what is its meaning? ly = forms adverb Prediction of word meaning: Responses will vary. what is its meaning? Is there a suffix? If so. what is its meaning? pre = before Is there a word root? If so. 14. heartbreaker: heart = center of person’s feelings / breaker = one who damages meaning: Responses will vary. kickball: kick = to strike with the foot / ball = round object used in games meaning: Responses will vary. what is its meaning? Is there a word root? If so. what is its meaning? -ed = forms past tense of verb Prediction of word meaning: Responses will vary. what is its meaning? Prediction of word meaning: Responses will vary. what is its meaning? Is there a suffix? If so.CONTENTS 8. what is its meaning? im= not Is there a word root? If so. what is its meaning? hang = to put person to death with rope around the neck Is there a second free morpheme? If so. earthworm: earth = ground / worm = thin animal with no legs meaning: Responses will vary. what is its meaning? Is there a suffix? If so. pages have writing on them meaning: Responses will vary. troublemaker: trouble = difficult situation / maker = one who causes something to become meaning: Responses will vary. impatiently (page 76) Is there a free morpheme? If so. 16. prepared (page 76) Is there a free morpheme? If so. thumbtack: thumb = the short. what is its meaning? patient = having or showing patience Is there a prefix? If so. 15. thick finger on a hand / tack = small nail meaning: Responses will vary. 12.

motorbike: motor = engine / bike = vehicle to ride on meaning: Responses will vary. 18. anytime: any = one or some of a kind / time = period during which events occur meaning: Responses will vary. PAGE 80 Spelling the k Sound D G H Y K B O P Y A D L O M Q Q X B K T C A S E C H R O N I C T S G G K A I N T B E J Y R R N H L O D M G K Y G L D P H Y S I C A L E I C X V C A R P E T Z O J A R V V G N L F K R T R A C K M G D A E P O G E C H O F T K X F B G S C J S Q K E Y B O A R D H M G G G T H A C W H U J I T E J T N N U A E J B G X S I N L G H I C O N S T R U C T 128 ANSWER KEY D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC .CONTENTS 17. crossroads: cross = anything shaped like a cross / roads = paths for traveling on meaning: Responses will vary. 20. 19. from Still Me UNIT 2. whirlwind: whirl = to turn quickly in a circle / wind = moving air meaning: Responses will vary.

cure oi / oo / ow 9.CONTENTS “Joyriding” UNIT 2. employ oi / oo / ow 8. flower oi / oo / ow 5. brook oi / oo / ow 7. about oi / oo / ow 2. PAGE 92 More Vowel Sounds 1. voyage oi / oo / ow 10. plural oi / oo / ow 4. apall or appall 3. PAGE 105 Double Trouble 1. mouth oi / oo / ow A Woman Called Truth UNIT 2. occurred or occured © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E ANSWER KEY 129 . voice oi / oo / ow 3. crowd oi / oo / ow 6. narrative or narative 2.

swaggers (page 136) 9. accustomed or acustomed 18. aparent or apparent 8. begining or beginning 10. Priscilla (page 135) 2. fulfil or fulfill 13. laceration (page 136) 7. accidentaly or accidentally 6. subtle (page 136) 5. wittiness (page 137) 10. warant or warrant “Priscilla and the Wimps” UNIT 2. committee or comittee 11.CONTENTS 4. circling (page 137) sc ss c s s c c s ss c 130 ANSWER KEY D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . suceed or succeed 15. serpent (page 136) 6. romance (page 136) 8. pass (page 135) 3. address or adress 5. agency (page 135) 4. attendance or atendance 9. embarass or embarrass 12. mispell or misspell 14. accommodate or acommodate 7. PAGE 135 Spelling the s Sound 1. tomorow or tomorrow 16. parallel or paralel 17.

Biology and physics are included in the field of science. The Mississippi is the longest river in North America. 8. Kim’s handwriting was sloppy and hard to read. The waltz is a kind of dance. 6. 4. The princess lived in the castle with her parents. Another word for pants is trousers. If you plant this seed. the king and queen. The scent of her perfume is nice. © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E ANSWER KEY 131 . 5. Down 1. A city is a very large town. it will grow into a flower. 3. 9.CONTENTS 1 2 3 T R O I N C E S S P S I E C 4 M I S S U S S E R 5 I P P I N C 6 S L O P P Y D A N C L A S 10 7 E 8 9 C I Y S E S C E N T D Across 2. 10. 7. The teacher told the students in the class to be quiet.

CONTENTS “The Face of the Deep Is Frozen” UNIT 3. PAGE 154 Shhhhh! Silent Letters! Silent Letter b Examples plumb bomb tomb g sign gnat gnome h rhyme thyme rhinoceros k knife know knit w wreath whole writer answers will vary answers will vary answers will vary answers will vary Your Word answers will vary 132 ANSWER KEY D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC .

CONTENTS Silent Letter Search K W J R W R A N G L E U I G L C M Y R I U H O C E C V E M S O F I J G C A K Q M Y O A L B H N W I T D Q Y M W S Z O A F K M W G K I J W R X S G M R L I N O Z E Z W H Y B G I F E W M F X P A N U Q D Y E R I D P R H Y T H M E S I G K F M X J Y B N W B S Y Q L W K N O C K O U T A E M O J K G J L H K W D R I O L K R N O J K A C V S K C N L T A U E T C U U J Q U U M W W B C I C S O D J R G L P I H C K K X P H B H G P G N X I U L X B T A Y H K R G E U J F E Q Q B G Q Q “Pompeii” UNIT 3. you + have = you’ve 3. PAGE 164 Contraction Action 1. he + has = he’s 8. does + not = doesn’t 2. she + will = she’ll 5. they + have = they’ve © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E ANSWER KEY 133 . should + not = shouldn’t 7. was + not = wasn’t 6. will + not = won’t 4.

Your friend. stone sky coal instead seam “The Cutoff: The Story of the Donner Party” UNIT 3. Chris “The Springhill Disaster” UNIT 3. You’re very thoughtful to always remember You + are my special day. PAGE 186 Solving the ie/ei Puzzle A friend in need is a friend indeed. Eloise. We’re going camping this summer and I + will We+ are we’ll bring our bikes along to ride on the trails. PAGE 179 Rhyme Time roll bread team alone lie Rhyme responses will vary. correct/incorrect spelling: friend Children measuring below this hieght are not allowed on the roller coaster. correct/incorrect spelling: height 134 ANSWER KEY D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . What fun! we + will Thanks again. Thank you for the gift of money for my twelfth birthday.CONTENTS Dear Eloise. I’ll be using the money to buy a new bike.

CONTENTS Recieving Dock Entrance correct/incorrect spelling: Receiving Randall Webster. correct/incorrect spelling: pie correct/incorrect spelling: piece University Sceince Lab correct/incorrect spelling: Science © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E ANSWER KEY 135 . Cheif of Police correct/incorrect spelling: Chief Please do not feed the Riendeer correct/incorrect spelling: Reindeer Neighborhood Garage Sales Today! correct/incorrect spelling: Neighborhood Museum’s Ancient Artifacts Collection. Walk This Way correct/incorrect spelling: Ancient Believe in Yourself! correct/incorrect spelling: Believe Pie for Sale—One dollar per peice.

Our/Our’ annual carnival was a great success because of your’/your excellent volunteer work. Other sport responses will vary. Basketball Responses will vary. The groups’/group’s efforts raised over one thousand dollars for the gymnasium’s/gymnasiums’ new equipment. Thanks also to Rachel’s/Rachels’ mother. hurricane earthquake volcano earthquake hurricane earthquake tornado earthquake “Big Wind” and “Child on Top of a Greenhouse” UNIT 3. Skateboarding Responses will vary. too! 136 ANSWER KEY D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . Soccer Responses will vary. Jackie Washington. PAGE 202 Stormy Weather eye fault line lava aftershock tidal wave crater twister epicenter Hockey Responses will vary.CONTENTS “The Wreck of the Hesperus” UNIT 3. Its/It’s frame was beautiful. PAGE 211 Possessives Special thanks to the student’s/students’ parents. who donated the painting for the silent auction. Gymnastics Responses will vary.

fndulo Unfold the blanket and place it on the bed. 7. 6. refer to the transit schedule. cpayihls Today I went to the doctor for my yearly physical . ehopn Why don’t you phone your parents to see about a ride home? 8. PAGE 231 Honing Your Word Study Skills Responses will vary. tlnaehpe The elephant is the largest land mammal. 5. PAGE 250 Word Study Skills—Picture This Responses will vary. eerrf To find out what time the bus leaves. aghlu The clown made us laugh . 3. © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E ANSWER KEY 137 . PAGE 264 The f Sound 1. 4. houneg Do you have enough money for the bus? 2. tbphaeal Twenty-six letters make up the alphabet . “Rikki-Tikki-Tavi” UNIT 4.CONTENTS “My Friend Flicka” UNIT 4. “Zlateh the Goat” UNIT 4.

plrAi Olivia’s birthday is in April . 8. iararvl We waited for the arrival of the airplane. laepn The panel of judges decided who would perform in the talent contest. 10.Spelling the schwa Sound Word Hunt Find two words for each letter combination below in “Shelter Shock. ystfana Zach reads science fiction and fantasy novels.. 6. 5.. uzpezl My grandmother likes to do the crossword puzzle everyday. PAGE 272 Uh. 10. answers will vary 2. grouh The road was bumpy and incredibly rough .” found on page 273 in your textbook. alnge My mother calls me her little angel .CONTENTS 9. endlee Missy sewed on the button with a needle and thread. 138 ANSWER KEY D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . 9. answers will vary el answers will vary answers will vary il answers will vary answers will vary le answers will vary answers will vary Word Scramble 3. “Shelter Shock” UNIT 4. al 1. ecalm A camel can live in the hot desert. 4. 7. pcklei I ordered by hamburger with mustard and a pickle .

porches 16. lmoar The moral of the story is that it’s better to give than to receive. 12. mouse 7. ideas 17. loaf 2. reflexes 15. boy 6. libraries 12. 13. knife 4. armies 18. geese 20. tlmea Gold is a metal and so is silver. echoes 13. “Cat on the Go” UNIT 4.CONTENTS 11. radio 10. donkey 9. potato 5. ox Plural 11. box 3. PAGE 292 Plural Noun Endings Singular 1. uppil An eye’s pupil gets smaller in bright light. thieves 19. roofs 14. wishes © EMC Plural loaves boxes knives potatoes boys mice flies donkeys radios oxen Singular library echo roof reflex porch idea army thief goose wish D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E ANSWER KEY 139 . fly 8.

dislike (page 309) Is there a free morpheme? If so. objective (page 309) Is there a free morpheme? If so. what is its meaning? Prediction of word meaning: Responses will vary. what is its meaning? Is there a word root? If so. Actual Definition: news reporter 2. what is its meaning? correspond = to write letters to one another Is there a prefix? If so. what is its meaning? -ive= adjective form of a noun Prediction of word meaning: Responses will vary. what is its meaning? verse = words written in a pattern Is there a prefix? If so. what is its meaning? Is there a suffix? If so. correspondent (page 308) Is there a free morpheme? If so. what is its meaning? con = with Is there a word root? If so. what is its meaning? like = to be fond of something Is there a prefix? If so. Actual Definition: reversed in order or action 4. what is its meaning? Is there a word root? If so. what is its meaning? Is there a suffix? If so. what is its meaning? Is there a suffix? If so. goal Is there a prefix? If so. what is its meaning? Prediction of word meaning: Responses will vary. Actual Definition: to regard with disapproval or aversion (to not like) 3. PAGE 308 Morpheme Review 1. what is its meaning? -ent = one that performs (a specific action) Prediction of word meaning: Responses will vary. what is its meaning? Is there a suffix? If so. converse (page 309) Is there a free morpheme? If so. what is its meaning? dis = opposite Is there a word root? If so.CONTENTS from Ranch of Dreams UNIT 4. what is its meaning? object = thing that is wanted. Actual Definition: aim or goal 140 ANSWER KEY D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC .

what is its meaning? Is there a word root? If so.CONTENTS 5. what is its meaning? -ive = that performs or does Prediction of word meaning: Responses will vary. galvanize (page 311) Is there a free morpheme? If so. what is its meaning? Is there a prefix? If so. indelible (page 312) Is there a free morpheme? If so. what is its meaning? fury = rage Is there a suffix? If so. what is its meaning? -ate = act on Prediction of word meaning: Responses will vary. Actual Definition: to make furious. forward Is there a word root? If so. what is its meaning? galvanism = direct current of electricity (from Luigi Galvani) Is there a suffix? If so. Actual Definition: to stimulate or excite 6. Actual Definition: expected. would be 8. what is its meaning? Is there a prefix? If so. what is its meaning? -ize = to make Prediction of word meaning: Responses will vary. what is its meaning? Is there a prefix? If so. what is its meaning? in = in Is there a word root? If so. angry 7. what is its meaning? -ible = capable of Prediction of word meaning: Responses will vary. Actual Definition: that cannot be erased © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E ANSWER KEY 141 . what is its meaning? spect = to look Is there a suffix? If so. what is its meaning? pro = in favor. prospective (page 311) Is there a free morpheme? If so. what is its meaning? del = delete Is there a suffix? If so. what is its meaning? in = not Is there a word root? If so. what is its meaning? Is there a prefix? If so. infuriate (page 311) Is there a free morpheme? If so.

silent (p. what is its meaning? Is there a suffix? If so. replied (p. Actual Definition: “The Creation of Music” UNIT 5. what is its meaning? -ing = forms gerund (noun) Prediction of word meaning: Responses will vary. what is its meaning? feed = to give food to Is there a prefix? If so. dawn (p. 335) Responses will vary.CONTENTS 9. what is its meaning? Is there a word root? If so. what is its meaning? -y = forms adverb Prediction of word meaning: Responses will vary. rise (p. 335) Responses will vary. 6. 335) Responses will vary. 336) Responses will vary. crush (p. incredibly (page 313) Is there a free morpheme? If so. 335) Responses will vary. 5. quickly (p. what is its meaning? in = not Is there a word root? If so. 335) Responses will vary. 4. beautiful (p. small (p. what is its meaning? Is there a suffix? If so. 2. 335) Responses will vary. turbulent (p. 335) Responses will vary. Actual Definition: 10. underfeeding (page 316) Is there a free morpheme? If so. 8. 7. PAGE 334 Synonyms 1. mighty (p. 336) Responses will vary. 9. 3. what is its meaning? credible = believable Is there a prefix? If so. 142 ANSWER KEY D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . 336) Responses will vary. what is its meaning? under = less than Is there a second free morpheme? If so. 10.

ancient. Maya’s birthday is in july. PAGE 343 Antonyms 1. / 8. Possible answers include sad. swift: Responses will vary. Possible answers include answer. “Scarborough Fair” UNIT 5. many kids celebrate halloween by going to trick or treat. true: Responses will vary. 9. PAGE 351 Capitalization 1. always: Responses will vary.CONTENTS “Forever Young” UNIT 5. wimpy. 8. stay: Responses will vary. We’re going Bowling on friday or Saturday. 9. we’re going to see the grand canyon. 2. 11. Possible answers include cowardly. In August. Possible answers include slow. 5. Possible answers include false. quiet. 3. depressed. 2. Possible answers include go. 4. 10. sluggish.–15. © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E ANSWER KEY 143 . F 10. 7. young: Responses will vary. untrue. joyful: Responses will vary. leave. Possible answers include soft. question: Responses will vary. In October. D. The Fourth of July is also known as independence day. Possible answers include never. She speaks french and spanish. Ralph thinks that People will live on mars in the future. mature. seldom. Possible answers include old. 7.C. 5. high: Responses will vary. response. 6. Possible answers include low. The mississippi river is the longest river in North america. 6. 3. Jorge’s /amily is from venezuela. courageous: Responses will vary. We saw the white house when we were in washington. rarely. / 4. loud: Responses will vary. Responses will vary.

CONTENTS

“Nothing But Drums” and “Three/Quarters Time”
UNIT 5, PAGE 357 Easily Confused Pairs
1.–10. Responses will vary. 11. After dinner, we had pie for dessert . 12. It is colder this morning than it was last night. 13. I had a big problem, so I asked my mother for advice . 14. The principal of the school announced the pep rally. 15. Jerry took a deep breath and dove into the water. 16. The Wildcats were sad to lose the baseball game. 17. The teacher can’t accept gifts of money from students. 18. I go to school everyday except Saturday and Sunday. 19. The coarse wool of the old sweater felt rough and scratchy. 20. The desert sun is incredibly hot. 21.–25. Responses will vary.

from To Be or Not to Bop
UNIT 5, PAGE 363 Syllabication Nation
Match each word with the example of how to divide its vowel-consonant pattern into syllables. 1. pedal 2. dial 3. unknown 4. embrace 5. upstream 6. minor 7. octave v/v vc/cccv vc/cv vc/v vc/ccv vc/ccv v/cv

Now draw a line between the syllables in the words. 8. d i / a l 9. e m / b r a c e

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10. m i / n o r 11. o c / t a v e 12. p e d / a l 13. o c / t a v e 14. u n / k n o w n 15. u p / s t r e a m

from The Hobbit
UNIT 6, PAGE 385 More Syllabication
Analyze these words, some of which are found in “The Hobbit,” using the process described above. Divide each word into syllables. 1. z e / r o 2. s a d / n e s s 3. g r a / v y 4. d e / v o u r 5. i t / c h y 6. o d d / m e n t s 7. l i z / a r d 8. b l u n / d e r 9. d i s / a / g r e e 10. s h a m / b l e

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CONTENTS

“The Tunnel”
UNIT 6, PAGE 401 Spelling by Syllables Word Sort
categories: Prefixes in-/im-/il-/irimagined irregular initiative impersonating inhale Suffixes -ed imagined trapped originated prepared -ing hovering echoing unblinking impersonating -ly evidently deadly dangerously extremely -y dusty scruffy stretchy ununblinking prepretend prepared

“Dragon, Dragon”
UNIT 6, PAGE 412 Word Roots
Responses will vary.

“The Rebellion of the Magical Rabbits”
UNIT 6, PAGE 425 Accented Syllables
1. in sist’ 2. de fi’ ance 3. ag’ ile

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sauc’ y 6. became 10. eth’ ics 9. fell 5. swam 7. climb 17. as cend’ “The Creation” UNIT 7. was 3. think 15. caught 9. made 4. ju’ bi lant 8. were 6. jog present tense grow be make fall be swim dive catch become fly bring begin past tense walked thought skated climbed wiggled jogged © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E ANSWER KEY 147 . par’ a lyze 7. twit’ ter 10. sub ver’ sive 5. skate 16. PAGE 455 Verb Tenses irregular past tense 1. dove 8.CONTENTS 4. brought 12. began present tense 13. walk 14. grew 2. wiggle 18. flew 11.

148 ANSWER KEY D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC .CONTENTS 19. pro trude’ 5. Check your work in a dictionary. race 21. Legends. Place the accent marks on the correct syllables in these words from “The Twelve Labors of Hercules.” Use a larger mark for the primary accent. ski skipped raced stretched bent jumped skied “The Twelve Labors of Hercules” UNIT 7. o’ ver whelmed’ 7. con grat’ u late’ 10. bend 23. and Stories UNIT 7. se rene’ Some words have two stressed syllables. In the dictionary. PAGE 460 More Accented Syllables 1. com po’ sure 2. a pol’ o gize’ Getting into Storytelling: On the Telling of Myths. stretch 22. Say each word aloud and try to hear the syllables you naturally stress. The larger mark shows the primary accent. di vert’ 4. skip 20. de range’ 3. 6. these words have two accent marks in their entries. pri’ ma’ ry 9. jump 24. PAGE 466 Creating Language Responses will vary. de ter’ mi na’ tion 8.

“The Magic Mortar” UNIT 7. PAGE 471 Spelling: Self-Correction 1. “All Summer in a Day” UNIT 8.CONTENTS “The Singing.–5. “The Cow of No Color” UNIT 7. Responses will vary. PAGE 494 More PAVE 1.–6. PAGE 489 PAVE 1. © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E ANSWER KEY 149 .–10. Responses will vary. PAGE 480 Borrowing Foreign Words 1. Responses will vary.–3. Springing Lark” UNIT 7. Responses will vary. Responses will vary.–15. “Don’t Step on a Crack” UNIT 7. PAGE 515 Context Clues—Introduction 1.

Hungry Hannah Cassandra Glen” UNIT 8. 3. . forsaking their farmstead. or satisfied. definition / restatement Write your own definition of throng: Responses will vary. definition / restatement Write your own definition of complacent: Responses will vary. August. 2. 5. and December). PAGE 525 Context Clues: Definitions and Restatements 1. September. Some months can be abbreviated (January. 6. 5. definition / restatement Write your own definition of aloof: Responses will vary. “I. To be aloof is to be unfriendly. PAGE 538 Abbreviations 1. or large group. it will occur at 10:00 a. 2. The rock star greeted the throng. of admirers with a big smile. 6. Doctor Tuesday pounds 150 ANSWER KEY D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . it will occur at 2:00 p.–7. My grandmother is an ardent admirer of Elvis—that is. Tues. 4. November. with a second place finish at the science fair.m. write it here Responses will vary. If your birthday falls in a month that has an abbreviation. Randy was complacent. Write the abbreviation for the state you live in Responses will vary. If an event is happening in the afternoon. definition / restatement Write your own definition of forsaking: Responses will vary. February. 4. October. If an event is happening in the morning. lbs.m.CONTENTS “The Woman and the Wolf” UNIT 8. 3. Dr. Responses will vary. she’s crazy about him! definition / restatement Write your own definition of ardent: Responses will vary. The pioneers decided to leave.

Co.CONTENTS 7. UFO 10. compare / contrast Write your own definition of fantasy: Responses will vary. The child was a piano prodigy. 11. unlike his brother. Assoc. PAGE 550 Context Clues: Compare and Contrast 1. Cecile received a corsage that looked like a small copy of the flower arrangement on the table. © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E ANSWER KEY 151 . compare / contrast Write your own definition of corsage: Responses will vary. compare / contrast Write your own definition of liable: Responses will vary.A. compare / contrast Write your own definition of prodigy: Responses will vary. U. The campers are liable to catch a cold. SOS 12. who had no musical talent at all.S. like an unreal dream. 4. as the weather was unfavorable and all their clothing and equipment got wet. TV 9. United States of America television unidentified flying object Street or Saint Save Our Ship National Education Association Association Company Incorporated “Raymond’s Run” UNIT 8. 2. The story was a fantasy. Inc. 8. NEA 13. 15. St. For her graduation party. 14. 3.

–7. like the hot pink of cotton candy. Responses will vary. Responses will vary. a complete sense of quiet filled the room. compare / contrast Write your own definition of ridiculous: Responses will vary. synonym / antonym Write your own definition of extraordinary: Responses will vary. The lethal poison killed the rodents. 6. 3. synonym / antonym Write your own definition of commotion: Responses will vary. 152 ANSWER KEY D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . Once the commotion ended. The color of the room was ridiculous. “The Boy Who Talked with Animals” UNIT 8. synonym / antonym Write your own definition of lethal: Responses will vary. The consumption of gasoline decreased because people use less gas when its price increases. 2. 5. 6. The party was gigantic and not the least bit intimate. 4. PAGE 563 Context Clues: Synonyms and Antonyms 1.CONTENTS 5. synonym / antonym Write your own definition of intimate: Responses will vary. synonym / antonym Write your own definition of consumption: Responses will vary.–7. The review said the movie was extraordinary and truly remarkable.

license 7. parallel 9. weird 5. Getting into Poetry: Power of the Pen UNIT 9. fascinate 4. PAGE 583 Context Clues—Prediction 1. 1. mysterious 6. breathe 10.CONTENTS “Potter’s Gray” UNIT 8. surprise 8. Possible responses are given for the commonly misspelled parts of the words. beggar © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E ANSWER KEY 153 . separate 2.–8. PAGE 611 Rhyming and Spelling Responses will vary. embarrass 3. Responses will vary.

fr. word origin D. ¯ 6. ev ‘ər 7. bäks 4. kik 8. ə gen’ Word you white box jaw I ever kick have ointment again 154 ANSWER KEY D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . definition Poetry: Sound UNIT 9. hav 9.folt\ n [ME aspalt. part of speech F. spelling B. jä 5.CONTENTS Poetry: Imagery and Shape UNIT 9. syllable division E. fr. LL aspaltus. pronunciation C. yoo 2. oint ‘ ment 10. PAGES 630–657 More on Pronunciation Pronunciation — 1. PAGES 615-625 Dictionary A and D B E C as • phalt \’as-. hw¯t 3.folt-tik\ adj A. Gk asphaltos] F 1: a brown to black bituminous substance that is found in natuarl beds and is also obtained as a residue in petroleum refining and that consists chiefly of hdrocarbons 2: an asphaltic composition used for pavements and as a waterproof cement — as • phalt • ic \’as-.

34. Ragged is a synonym for the word tattered. Pronunciation — yooth pra ¯ lä l¯f klev ər kas ¯ bran ¯ most man əj ha r ¯ More on Definitions 30. law 14. Sedately is an adverb. case 17. youth 12. most 19. What is an automat? An automat is a coin-operated cafeteria. clever 16. Webster’s New Collegiate Dictionary gives the following example for amused: Amuse the child with a story. Does the term human being appear in your dictionary as a single entry? If not. The joke doesn’t amuse me. Food is stored in little compartments until a person makes a purchase. 33. How many definitions does your dictionary have for the word sedate? What part of speech is the word sedately? Webster’s New Collegiate Dictionary gives two definitions for the words sedate. manage 20. how would you suggest finding out the meaning of the phrase? Human being is not an entry in Webster’s New Collegiate Dictionary. 32. life 15. hair 21. _________ is a synonym for the word tattered. How many definitions does your dictionary have for the word askance? Webster’s New Collegiate Dictionary gives two definitions for the word askance. 35. 31. Look up each word separately. Write how the word amused is used in an example in your dictionary. Responses will vary. – 29. brain 18. © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E ANSWER KEY 155 . pray 13.CONTENTS Word 11.

CONTENTS Poetry: Narrative UNIT 9. Poetry: Lyric UNIT 9. Routes avenue boulevard street thoroughfare trail Types of city (sizes) city town village metropolis community Sections/parts of a city block district downtown plaza park square neighborhood 156 ANSWER KEY D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC . PAGES 671–672 Semantic Family Mapping: City Talk Responses will vary. Possible responses are given. PAGES 662-666 Dictionary Review: Putting it All Together Responses will vary.

ingress. Possible responses are given. actor. “All the World’s a Stage” UNIT 10. role. modern-day. schedule. leave entry. season. PAGE 695 Using a Thesaurus Responses will vary. bettor depart. share argue. admission hitch.CONTENTS Poetry: Translated Verse UNIT 9. contemporary display © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E ANSWER KEY 157 . performer. stretch. period. latter-day. PAGES 677–678 Word Choice Responses will vary. argument current. musico. clock piece. Words players exit entrances time parts quarrel modern spectacles Synonyms musician.

PAGE 697 Word Origins A Z J M E K M K K M V Z C N S K D R F W E O E W P Q C M F P H D N L J E T C L D I Y O J X O P E D M A Y M R C R R F A Z K L Z H C X E A K O N E X C G I T L B P O D U N X L L N M L O Q A N F I B N A M K L A W E I A T G Y K H O W E R C X N B G H E U N E Y D Q T I A I O E L D I A D N A B N H O G F A D G L T L H K C D E H A U E N O W I A H C W A L E R T X S O K I F D F C N I D B R N O R U A O A J U T W Q G N D R U Q M S R Z T B P M Z S F W U L Z U V A V C X D H Q I E R A E B Y D D E T V U T F C A Z F X W B O C E G P G E D T T U K H M Y O N K R O T L K J K C K N O M N N L H Auto: shortened word NBA: acronym Rollerblade: brand name UFO: acronym Walkman: brand name bike: shortened word NASA: acronym Teddy bear: people/place Kleenex: brand name Band-Aid: brand name phone: shortened word Laundromat: brand name PC: acronym CD: actonym John Hancock: people/place 158 ANSWER KEY D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC .CONTENTS The Ugly Duckling UNIT 10.

CONTENTS In the Fog UNIT 10. thing (adjective) describes action (adverb) Use the word in a sentence drifting arrogant scrutinize indecision moonshiner gauze dangerously fumbling fastened Responses will vary. place. Responses will vary. Responses will vary. “Madam C. PAGE 749 Word Study: Definition Map Responses will vary. thing (noun) actions (verbs) X X X X X X X X X describes people. Responses will vary. place. PAGE 759 Word Study: Word Wheel Responses will vary. Responses will vary. Responses will vary. Responses will vary. © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E ANSWER KEY 159 . Responses will vary. PAGE 717 Word Study: Parts of Speech Classification Word people. Responses will vary. from Geronimo’s Story of His Life UNIT 11. “Satchel Paige” UNIT 11. Walker” UNIT 11. J. PAGE 740 Word Study: Vocabulary Cards Responses will vary.

PAGE 768 Word Study: Word Meaning Feature Analysis Sports soccer baseball hockey marathon running karate X Uses Ball X X X X Individual Sport Equipment Includes Net X Involves Running X X “The Five ‘Wanderers’ of the Ancient Skies” UNIT 11. 4. 5. 2. PAGE 777 Blends Responses will vary. “Night” UNIT 11. 6. PAGE 787 Excuse Me. Do You Have the Time? 1. uamnut The season before winter is autumn . 3. htiidgmn Tina stayed up past midnight on New Year’s Eve. ipAlr April showers bring May flowers. saryhdTu The day after Wednesday is Thursday . usiners Jack got up before sunrise to deliver newspapers. 160 ANSWER KEY D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E © EMC .CONTENTS from Gorillas in the Mist UNIT 11. mbterpeeS The first day of school is usually in August or September .

rings a bell © EMC Meaning 5. tinhmgie After dinner.CONTENTS 7. gift of gab 3. PAGE 824 Idioms Idiom 1. itliwtgh Twilight is the light of the sky between sunset and night and between night and sunrise. 11. “Earth from Space” UNIT 12. top dog 2. 9. 1. Getting into Media: Contests! UNIT 12. hurry up not difficult a boss or leader 10. 8. Saduyn Saturday and Sunday are weekend days. itwern Winter is the coldest of the seasons. PAGE 819 Spelling Bee Fun Responses will vary. PAGE 794 Create a Word Study Notebook Responses will vary. 9. 10. chill out 4. face up to the truth D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E ANSWER KEY 161 . wedkene During the weekend we do not go to school and our parents do not go to work. our family watches TV together. “A Breath of Fresh Air?” UNIT 11. nwda Leslie woke up at dawn to watch the sun rise. during the nightime . 12.

An armed services title or the person in charge of a ship or airplane. Tennessee need zip code Dr. relaxed. Demeanor UNIT 12. 6. Responses will vary. Pennsylvania Millertown. Sally Miller Boulevard 24 Jackson Blvd. meaning: not nervous. Jennifer is on the ball. 17. 2. relax to be fond of talking to sound familiar something that is inexpensive and/or easy to find agree something that is not important 16. small potatoes 8. Meaning: Please let the person hosting the event know if you will attend or not. An elected official. D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E 162 ANSWER KEY © EMC . easy as pie 10. KY Street Kentucky need zip code Title: Reverend Senator Professor Honorable Captain Phrase: RSVP Regrets only Refers to: A religious leader.–15. see eye to eye 9. Bluehill. A teacher at a college or university. A judge. dime a dozen 7. in control. Avenue Anywhere. shake a leg 6. 4. Joan Griggs 14 Noble St.CONTENTS 5. Matt was cool as a cucumber while playing his trumpet solo at the concert. She always finishes her homework before dinner. meaning: organized. OH 34011 Ohio Ms. Please let the person hosting the event know if you will not be attending. 7. PAGE 830 Mind Your Manners! Jack Smith 421 Fifth Ave. get real 11. 8. PA 25781 Tanya Blue 16 Tool Lane Lennox. does things in timely fashion from Dear Ms. 3.

watts 6. 3. fathom 7.CONTENTS “Beads & Bangles” UNIT 12. degrees 5. That morning radio announcer is full of hot air. PAGE 843 Words that Really Measure Up Unit 1. pounds 4. Responses will vary. 2. 7. © EMC D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E ANSWER KEY 163 . 8. so I’d better hit the books. The team tried really hard. My uncle said I could have his fancy convertible car when I turn sixteen. She really wants to have her cake and eat it too. Of course. depth of water distance power sound weight boat speed/wind temperature Can you think of any other measurement units? Write two below. but lost in the final minutes of the game. but lost in the final minutes of the game. – 10. so I’d better study. PAGE 838 Clichés 1. The substitute teacher was off-the-wall. “Hearing Under Siege” UNIT 12. She really wants to have it all. knots 3. The substitute teacher was a little odd. meters Measures 6. he was just teasing me. he was just pulling my leg. The team put up a good fight. My grades are falling. 4. Dana insists on going bowling and skating for her birthday.–3. 8. decibels 2. 7. Dana insists on going bowling and skating for her birthday. 5. 1. 4. 9. My grades are falling. 5. Of course. Responses will vary. 6. That morning radio announcer talks a lot of nonsense. My uncle said I could have his fancy convertible car when I turn sixteen.

118 164 ANSWER KEY © EMC . 102 Word Study: Word Meaning Feature Analysis. 113 Long Vowels. 92 More on Pronunciation. blah .CONTENTS from The Adventures of Tintin: The Black Island UNIT 12. 58 Word Study Skills—Picture This. 109 Honing Your Word Study Skills. 117 Comic Book Chatter. 89 Double Trouble. . Index of Vocabulary Topics and Activities Abbreviations and Acronyms. 36 Word Study: Definition Map. 78 Contraction Action. 94 Dictionary. 96 Word Origins. 55 More Vowel Sounds. 108 Borrowing Foreign Words. 98 Verb Tenses. 38 Uh…Spelling the schwa Sound. 104 Words that Really Measure Up. Used to suggest something physical—like a shock “Shoot” or “darn it” Used if something goes awry Can suggest physical effort or disappointment A general shriek. 95 Shhhhh! Silent Letters. 29 Speaking Slang. 111 Creating Language. 22 Spelling: Self-Correction. 1 Spelling Bee Fun. 103 Word Study: Parts of Speech Classification. 53 Synonyms. 60 Antonyms. 49 Clichés. 79 Context Clues: Prediction. 47 D I S C O V E R I N G L I T E R AT U R E The f Sound. PAGE 850 Comic Book Chatter As seen in the Comics Yikes! blah. 33 Rhyme Time. 61 Word Choice. blah. 90 More PAVE. 31 Syllabication Nation. 2 Other Vowel Sounds. 26 Create a Word Study Notebook. 63 More Morphemes. . 41 Possessives. 115 More Accented Syllables. 8 Numbers Count. 88 Semantic Family Mapping: City Talk. 28 Rhyming and Spelling. 4 Mind Your Manners. 56 Spelling the k Sound. 64 Dictionary Review: Putting it All Together. 34 Idioms. 16 Spelling the s Sound. 50 Excuse Me. 101 Word Study: Vocabulary Cards. 112 Spelling by Syllables. 66 Stormy Weather. 39 Using a Thesaurus. 48 Blends. 99 Word Roots. 6 PAVE. 81 Accented Syllables. Another general shriek. 67 Capitalization. Do You Have the Time?. 72 More Syllabication. 82 Context Clues: Definitions and Restatements. 86 Context Clues: Synonyms and Antonyms. 24 Solving the ie/ei Puzzle. 91 Context Clues: Compare and Contrast. 106 Word Study: Word Wheel. Zap! drats! oops! grrrr aieee! aigh! Translation A statement of surprise—like “gee whiz!” Suggests that someone is talking on and on. 119 Context Clues. 68 Plural Noun Endings. 18 Morpheme Review. 12 More on Definitions. 20 Easily Confused Pairs. 84 Context Clues—Introduction. 44 Morphemes.

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