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Upgrading SecureClient to

Endpoint Security VPN R75


on NGX R65 SmartCenter Server

20 October 2010
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Important Information
Latest Documentation
The latest version of this document is at:
http://supportcontent.checkpoint.com/documentation_download?ID=11130
For additional technical information, visit the Check Point Support Center
(http://supportcenter.checkpoint.com).

Revision History
Date Description

20 October 2010 Added procedure for restoring the TTM file with customizations
("Restoring Settings" on page 25).

14 October 2010 Added Desktop rule to allow MEP traffic ("Making a Desktop Rule for
MEP" on page 32).
The connect_timeout parameter was removed from the list of commonly
changed configuration file parameters, because it must not be used in
this installation.

10 October 2010 To reflect the easy process of moving from SecureClient to Endpoint
Security VPN, migration is changed to upgrading.
Updated Microsoft Windows 7 Editions and fixed client version number
in Supported Platforms ("System Requirements" on page 6).

28 September 2010 Updated features lists ("Before Upgrading to Endpoint Security VPN" on
page 6)

13 September 2010 Window pictures added, different versions of document released for
different versions of SmartDashboard

June, 2010 Initial version

Feedback
Check Point is engaged in a continuous effort to improve its documentation.
Please help us by sending your comments
(mailto:cp_techpub_feedback@checkpoint.com?subject=Feedback on Upgrading SecureClient to Endpoint
Security VPN R75 on NGX R65 SmartCenter Server ).
Contents

Important Information .............................................................................................3


Introduction to Endpoint Security VPN .................................................................5
Using Different Management Servers .................................................................. 5
Why You Should Upgrade to Endpoint Security VPN .......................................... 5
Before Upgrading to Endpoint Security VPN........................................................ 6
System Requirements..................................................................................... 6
New Endpoint Security VPN Features ............................................................ 6
SecureClient Features Supported in Endpoint Security VPN .......................... 7
SecureClient Features Not Yet Supported ...................................................... 9
Configuring Gateways to Support Endpoint Security VPN ................................10
Installing Hotfix on Gateways .............................................................................10
Configuring SmartDashboard .............................................................................11
Supporting Endpoint Security VPN and SecureClient Simultaneously ................14
Troubleshooting Dual Support ............................................................................17
Installing and Configuring Endpoint Security VPN on Client Systems .............18
Installing Endpoint Security VPN on Client Systems ...........................................18
Client Icon ..........................................................................................................18
Helping Users Create a Site ...............................................................................18
Preparing the Gateway Fingerprint ................................................................19
Using the Site Wizard ....................................................................................20
Opening the Site Wizard Again ......................................................................21
Connecting to a Site ...........................................................................................22
Pre-Configuring Proxy Settings...........................................................................22
Pre-Configuring Always Connect ........................................................................23
Using the Packaging Tool ...................................................................................23
The Configuration File ..........................................................................................25
Configuration File Overview................................................................................25
Restoring Settings ..............................................................................................25
Centrally Managing the Configuration File ..........................................................25
Parameters in the Configuration File ..................................................................26
Migrating Secure Configuration Verification ........................................................27
Multiple Entry Point (MEP) ...................................................................................28
MEP or Roaming ................................................................................................28
Configuring Entry Point Choice ...........................................................................28
Defining MEP Method .........................................................................................29
Implicit MEP .......................................................................................................30
Configuring Implicit First to Respond .............................................................30
Configuring Implicit Primary-Backup ..............................................................30
Configuring Implicit Load Distribution .............................................................31
Manual MEP .......................................................................................................32
Making a Desktop Rule for MEP .........................................................................32
Differences between SecureClient and Endpoint Security VPN CLI .................33
Chapter 1
Introduction to Endpoint Security
VPN
Endpoint Security VPN is a lightweight remote access client for seamless, secure IPSec VPN connectivity to
remote resources. It authenticates the parties and encrypts the data that passes between them.
Endpoint Security VPN is intended to replace the current Check Point remote access client: SecureClient.

Note - You can install Endpoint Security VPN on several Linux/Unix-based platforms as well as
Microsoft Windows platforms. The procedures included in this document use the Linux/Unix
environment variable convention ($FWDIR).
If you are using a Windows platform, substitute %FWDIR% for the environment variable in the
applicable procedures.

In This Chapter

Using Different Management Servers 5


Why You Should Upgrade to Endpoint Security VPN 5
Before Upgrading to Endpoint Security VPN 6

Using Different Management Servers


Environments with SecureClient already deployed can be easily upgraded to Endpoint Security VPN. The
SmartDashboard for different versions of management servers is different. Use the documentation for the
SmartDashboard that you have.
This guide is for the NGX R65 SmartCenter server.
 If you have the R70.40 SmartCenter server, see Upgrading SecureClient to Endpoint Security VPN R75
on R70.40 Security Management
(http://supportcontent.checkpoint.com/documentation_download?ID=11131).
 If you have the R71 SmartCenter server, see Upgrading SecureClient to Endpoint Security VPN R75 on
R71 Security Management (http://supportcontent.checkpoint.com/documentation_download?ID=11132).

Why You Should Upgrade to Endpoint


Security VPN
Check Point recommends that all customers upgrade from SecureClient to Endpoint Security VPN as soon
as possible, to have these enhancements.
 Automatic and transparent upgrades, with no administrator privileges required
 Supports 32-bit and 64-bit, Windows Vista and Windows 7
 Uses less memory resources than SecureClient
 Automatic disconnect/reconnect as clients move in and out of the network
 Seamless connection experience while roaming

Page 5
Before Upgrading to Endpoint Security VPN

 Supports most existing SecureClient features, including Office Mode, Desktop Firewall, Secure
Configuration Verification (SCV), Secure Domain Logon (SDL), and Proxy Detection
 Supports many additional new features
 Does not require a SmartCenter server upgrade
 Endpoint Security VPN and SecureClient can coexist on client systems during the upgrade period

Note - Check Point will end its support for SecureClient in mid-2011.

Before Upgrading to Endpoint Security VPN


Before upgrading, consider these issues.

System Requirements
Management Server and Gateway:

Note - See the Release Notes of the specific Check Point version for supported versions of
different platforms.

 All supported platforms NGX R65 HFA 70 (R65.70) with NGX R66 Management plug-in.
 All supported platforms for R70.40.

Notes -
Endpoint Security VPN supports VPN gateway redundancy with Multiple Entry Point (MEP). You
can install the Endpoint Security VPN package on multiple gateways and must install it on the
server to enable MEP.
The server and gateway can be installed on open servers or appliances. On UTM-1 appliances,
you cannot use the WebUI to install Endpoint Security VPN.
Support for R71 gateways will be released in a future HFA for Endpoint Security VPN.

Clients: Endpoint Security VPN R75 can be installed on these platforms:


 Microsoft Windows XP 32 bit SP2, SP3
 Microsoft Windows Vista 32 bit and 64 bit SP1
 Microsoft Windows 7 Home Edition 32 bit and 64 bit
 Microsoft Windows 7 Home Premium 32 bit and 64 bit
 Microsoft Windows 7 Pro 32 bit and 64 bit
 Microsoft Windows 7 Ultimate 32 bit and 64 bit
 Microsoft Windows 7 Enterprise 32 bit and 64 bit

New Endpoint Security VPN Features

Feature Description

Hotspot Detection and  Automatically detects hotspots that prevent the client system from
Registration (Exclusion for establishing a VPN tunnel
Policy)  Opens a mini-browser to allow the user to register to the hotspot and
connect to the VPN gateway
 Firewall support for hotspots

Introduction to Endpoint Security VPN Page 6


Before Upgrading to Endpoint Security VPN

Feature Description

Automatic Connectivity Automatically detects whether the client is connected to the Internet or LAN
Detection

Automatic Certificate Renewal Supports automatic certificate renewal, including in CLI mode
in CLI Mode

Location Awareness Automatically determines if client is inside or outside the enterprise network

Roaming Maintains VPN tunnel if client disconnects and reconnects using different
network interfaces

Automatic and Transparent Updates the client system securely and without user intervention
Upgrade Without Administrator
Privileges

Windows Vista / Windows 7 64 Supports the latest 32-bit and 64-bit Windows operating systems
Bit Support

Automatic Site Detection During first time configuration, the client detects the VPN site automatically
Note: This requires DNS configuration and is only supported when
configuring the client within the internal network.

Geo Clusters Connect client system to the closest VPN gateway based on location
For more information on geo clusters, see sk43107
(ttp://supportcontent.checkpoint.com/solutions?id=sk43107).

Machine Idleness Disconnect VPN tunnel if the machine becomes inactive (because of lock or
sleep) for a specified duration.

Flush DNS Cache Remove previous DNS entries from the DNS cache when creating VPN
tunnel

SecureClient Features Supported in Endpoint Security


VPN
Feature Description

Authentication Methods  Username/Password


 Certificate
 SecurID (passcode, softID, key fobs)
 Challenge Response
Cached Credentials Cache credentials for user login

NAT-T/Visitor Mode Let users connect from any location, such as a hotel, airport, or branch
office

Multiple Entry Point (MEP) VPN gateway redundancy.


Endpoint Security VPN MEP gateways can be in different VPN domains
(see Appendix A).

Pre-Configured Client Predefined client installation package with configurations for easy
Packaging provisioning

Office Mode Internal IP address for remote access VPN users

Introduction to Endpoint Security VPN Page 7


Before Upgrading to Endpoint Security VPN

Feature Description

Compliance Policy - Secure Verifies client system policy compliance before allowing remote access to
Configuration Verification internal network
(SCV)

Proxy Detect / Replace Detect proxy settings in client system web browsers for seamless
connectivity

Route All Traffic Send all traffic from the client system through the VPN gateway

Localization Supported languages:


 Chinese (simplified)
 English
 French
 German
 Hebrew
 Italian
 Japanese
 Russian
 Spanish
Certificate Enrollment / Automatic enrollment and renewal of certificates issued by Check Point
Renewal Internal CA server

CLI and API Support Manage client with third party software

Tunnel Idleness Disconnect VPN if there is no traffic for a specified duration

Dialup Support dialup connections

Disconnect On Smart Card Disconnect VPN if a Smart Card is removed from the client system
Removal

Re-authentication After specified duration, user is asked for re-authentication

Keep-alive Send keep-alive messages from client to the VPN gateway to maintain the
VPN tunnel

Check Gateway Certificate in Validate VPN gateway certificate in the CRL list
CRL

Desktop Firewall Configured Personal firewall integrated into client, managed with the SmartDashboard
from SmartDashboard desktop policy
Desktop Policy

Configuration File Corruption Recover corrupted configuration files


Recovery

Secure Domain Logon (SDL) Establish VPN tunnel prior to user login

Desktop Firewall Logs in Desktop firewall logs are displayed in SmartView Tracker
SmartView Tracker

End-user Configuration Lock Prevent users from changing the client configuration

Update Dynamic DNS with the Assign an internal IP address for remote access VPN users in the
Office Mode IP Dynamic DNS

Secure Authentication API Integrate with third party authentication providers


(SAA)

Introduction to Endpoint Security VPN Page 8


Before Upgrading to Endpoint Security VPN

Feature Description

SmartView Monitor Monitor VPN tunnel and user statistics with SmartView Monitor

Post Connect Script Execute manual scripts before and after VPN tunnel is established

SecureClient Features Not Yet Supported


Currently, these features of SecureClient are not supported by Endpoint Security VPN. Many of these
features are expected to be supported in the next release.
Feature Description

Single Sign-on (SSO) One set of credentials to log in to both VPN and Windows
operating system

“Suggest Connect” Mode Create VPN tunnel when the client generates traffic to the VPN
(Auto Connect) domain resources

Entrust Entelligence Support Entrust Entelligence package providing multiple security layers,
strong authentication, digital signatures, and encryption

Diagnostic Tools Tools for viewing logs and alerts

Compression Compress IPSec traffic

VPN Connectivity to VPN-1 VSX Terminate VPN tunnel at Check Point VSX gateways

DNS Splitting Support multiple DNS servers

"No Office Mode" Connect Mode Connect to the VPN gateway without requiring Office Mode

Pre-shared secret Authentication method that uses a pre-shared secret

Link Selection Multiple interface support with redundancy

Secondary Connect (Including Fast Connect to multiple VPN gateways simultaneously and establish
Failover) VPN tunnels to all resources located behind each VPN gateway

DHCP Automatic Lease Renewal Automatically renew IP addresses obtained from DHCP servers

Introduction to Endpoint Security VPN Page 9


Chapter 2
Configuring Gateways to Support
Endpoint Security VPN
In This Chapter

Installing Hotfix on Gateways 10


Configuring SmartDashboard 11
Supporting Endpoint Security VPN and SecureClient Simultaneously 14
Troubleshooting Dual Support 17

Installing Hotfix on Gateways


To run Endpoint Security VPN and SecureClient simultaneously on client systems, install the hotfix on
production gateways or on a standalone, self-managed gateway.
To use the Implicit MEP feature, you must install the hotfix on the SmartCenter server. If you do not need
this feature, the hotfix does not have to be installed on the server (only on the gateways).

Important: Before You Begin -


 If you choose to install the hotfix on a new dedicated gateway in the production
environment, managed by the same management server as the rest of the RA gateways,
this gateway will also be added to the topology used by SecureClient clients. This may
cause them to connect to the new gateway. Thus, you must make sure the configuration is
valid and that resources set by the encryption domain on this gateway are indeed
accessible.
 If you have clients that use a pre-shared secret to authenticate, you must give the users a
different authentication - one that is supported by Endpoint Security VPN.
To install the hotfix on a Gateway:
1. Download the hotfix from the Check Point Support Center (http://supportcenter.checkpoint.com).
2. Copy the hotfix package to the gateway.
3. Run the hotfix:
 On SecurePlatform:

[admin@gateway ~/hf]$ tar -zxvf hotfix_file.tgz


[admin@gateway ~/hf]$ ./fw1_HOTFIX_ENFI_HFA_EVE2_620631013_1
Do you want to proceed with installation of Check Point fw1 NGX R65
Support ENFI_HFA_EVE2 for Check Point VPN-1 Power/UTM NGX R65 on
this computer?
If you choose to proceed, installation will perform CPSTOP.
(y-yes, else no):y

 On Windows, double-click the installation file and follow the instructions.


4. If WebUI is enabled on the gateway, it must listen on a port other than 443. Otherwise, Endpoint
Security VPN will not be able to connect.
5. Reboot the Gateway.

Page 10
Configuring SmartDashboard

Configuring SmartDashboard
You manage Endpoint Security VPN through the SmartDashboard. This task explains how to set up the
SmartDashboard to access Endpoint Security VPN configurations. Before you begin, make sure you have a
network for Office Mode allocation. If you do not have such a network set up, create it now.
To configure SmartDashboard for Endpoint Security VPN:
1. Set the Gateway to be a policy server:
a) In the Network Objects Tree, right click the Gateway and select Edit.
The Check Point Gateway - General Properties window opens.

b) In Check Point Products, select SecureClient Policy Server.

Configuring Gateways to Support Endpoint Security VPN Page 11


Configuring SmartDashboard

c) Open Authentication.

d) In Policy Server, select an existing user group, or create a new user group, to be assigned to the
policy.
2. Configure Visitor Mode:
a) Open Remote Access.

b) In Visitor Mode configuration, select Support Visitor Mode.


3. Configure Office Mode:

Configuring Gateways to Support Endpoint Security VPN Page 12


Configuring SmartDashboard

a) Open Remote Access > Office Mode.

b) In Office Mode Method, select Manual (using IP pool).


c) In Allocate IP addresses from network, select the network for Office Mode allocation.
4. Click OK.
5. Make sure that the Gateway is in the Remote Access community:
a) Select Manage > VPN Communities.
The VPN Communities window opens.
b) Double-click RemoteAccess.
The Remote Access Community Properties window opens.

Configuring Gateways to Support Endpoint Security VPN Page 13


Supporting Endpoint Security VPN and SecureClient Simultaneously

c) Open Participating Gateways.

d) If the Gateway is not already in the list of participating gateways: click Add, select the Gateway from
the list of gateways, and click OK.
e) Click OK.
f) Click Close.
6. Make sure that the desktop policy is configured correctly (Desktop tab).
7. Install the policy (Policy menu > Install).

Supporting Endpoint Security VPN and


SecureClient Simultaneously
To run both Endpoint Security VPN and SecureClient on client systems, you must configure the server and
the gateways that will handle these remote access clients.
Before you begin, make sure that the encryption domains on these gateways fully overlap with the
encryption domains of all other gateways and that all gateways provide connectivity to the same resources.
To configure gateways to manage both clients:
1. On the Desktop tab, add this rule to ensure that the Endpoint Security VPN firewall does not block
SecureClient. Allow outbound connections on:
 UDP 18231

Configuring Gateways to Support Endpoint Security VPN Page 14


Supporting Endpoint Security VPN and SecureClient Simultaneously

 UDP 18233
 UDP 2746 for UDP Encapsulation
 UDP 500 for IKE
 TCP 500 for IKE over TCP
 TCP 264 for topology download
 UDP 259 for MEP configuration
 UDP 18234 for performing tunnel test when the client is inside the network
 UDP 4500 for IKE and IPSEC (NAT-T)
 TCP 18264 for ICA certificate registration
 TCP 443 for Visitor Mode
 TCP 80

2. Open Policy menu > Global Properties.


The Global Properties window opens.
3. Open Remote Access > VPN - Advanced.

4. Select Sent in clear.


5. If secure configuration verification (SCV) is configured, add an exception for Endpoint Security VPN.
a) Open Remote Access > Secure Configuration Verification (SCV).

Configuring Gateways to Support Endpoint Security VPN Page 15


Supporting Endpoint Security VPN and SecureClient Simultaneously

b) Select Apply Secure Configuration Verification on Simplified mode.

c) Click Exceptions.
The Secure Configuration Verification Exceptions window opens.

d) Select Do not apply Secure Configuration Verification on SSL clients connections.


e) Click OK.
6. Click OK.
7. Do Policy > Install.

Configuring Gateways to Support Endpoint Security VPN Page 16


Troubleshooting Dual Support

Suggest Connect Mode:


Users can disable the Suggest Connect option in SecureClient clients. If enabled, it might interfere with
Endpoint Security VPN connectivity.

Troubleshooting Dual Support


If SecureClient blocks Endpoint Security VPN traffic:
1. Make sure that you selected Remote Access > VPN - Advanced > Sent in clear.
2. Choose how you want to solve this issue.
Users manage their own clients: users delete the SecureClient site.

Note - It is not enough to disable the site. It must be deleted.

You solve this issue for all clients: change the Desktop rule base.
a) In the Outbound Rules, add this rule above the last rule. (The last rule should be Any Any Block.)
 Destination = Endpoint Security VPN Gateway
 Service = http, https, IKE_NAT_TRAVERSAL
 Action = Accept

b) Install the policy.


To uninstall SecureClient:
 If you install Endpoint Security VPN after SecureClient, and you want to uninstall SecureClient, you
cannot do it from Add/Remove Programs. You must open the Uninstall SecureClient program
from Start > Programs.
 To remotely uninstall SecureClient with a script, run: UninstallSecureClient.exe from the
SecureClient installation directory.

Configuring Gateways to Support Endpoint Security VPN Page 17


Chapter 3
Installing and Configuring Endpoint
Security VPN on Client Systems
In This Chapter

Installing Endpoint Security VPN on Client Systems 18


Client Icon 18
Helping Users Create a Site 18
Connecting to a Site 22
Pre-Configuring Proxy Settings 22
Pre-Configuring Always Connect 23
Using the Packaging Tool 23

Installing Endpoint Security VPN on Client


Systems
The Endpoint Security VPN installation package is a self-installing executable that you can download from
the Check Point Download Center.
If you uninstall a client to install or upgrade Endpoint Security VPN, you must restart the client when
prompted.

Client Icon
The client tray icon shows the status of Endpoint Security VPN.
Icon Status

Disconnected

Connecting

Connected

Encryption (encrypted data is being sent or received on the VPN)

Error

You can also hover your mouse on the icon to show the client status.

Helping Users Create a Site


Each client must have at least one site defined. The site is the VPN gateway. If you did not pre-configure the
client for a default site, make sure your users have:

Page 18
Helping Users Create a Site

 The gateway fingerprint.


 The gateway IP address or domain name.
 The authentication method you want them to use.
 Authentication materials (username, password, certificate file, RSA SecurID, or access to HelpDesk for
challenge/response authentication).

Preparing the Gateway Fingerprint


Before users define a site leading to the gateway, prepare the fingerprint of the gateway. Users may get a
warning that the client cannot identify the gateway and that they should verify the fingerprint.

Give the users the fingerprint to compare with their client installation and site definition.
To prepare the gateway fingerprint:
1. In SmartDashboard, click Manage menu > Servers and OPSEC Applications.
2. In the Servers and OPSEC Applications window, select the Certificate Authority and click Edit.
3. Open the Local Security Management Server or OPSEC PKI tab and click View.
4. In the Certificate Authority Certificate View window, copy the SHA-1 Fingerprint.

Installing and Configuring Endpoint Security VPN on Client Systems Page 19


Helping Users Create a Site

5. Send the fingerprint to users before they install the client.

Using the Site Wizard


When the user first double-clicks the Endpoint Security VPN icon, a message appears:
No site is configured. Would you like to configure a new site?
 If the user clicks No, the message closes. The user cannot connect to a VPN until a site is defined.
 If the user clicks Yes, the Site Wizard opens.

To configure the first site of a client:


1. The user clicks Next.
2. The user enters the IP address or name of the VPN gateway.

The wizard shows the progress while the Endpoint Security VPN client resolves the site name or
address to the actual gateway. This step in the wizard notifies the user that:
This may take several minutes, depending on the speed of your network
connection.
If the user see the certificate warning, make sure they check the fingerprint of the gateway:
a) Compare the site fingerprint with the SIC fingerprint on the gateway.
b) Click Details to see additional warnings.
c) If site details are correct, click Trust and Continue. The fingerprint is stored in the Windows registry
and the security warning is not opened again for the site, even if the client is upgraded.

Installing and Configuring Endpoint Security VPN on Client Systems Page 20


Helping Users Create a Site

The wizard displays the authentication method step.

3. Give your users the authentication materials they need.


4. The user selects the correct method and clicks Next.
 If Certificate, the user selects PKCS#12 or CAPI (make sure the user knows which to select), and
clicks Next.
 If SecurID, the user selects the type, and clicks Next.
5. The user clicks Finish, and a message appears: Would you like to connect?
If the user clicks Yes, the client connects to the gateway and a VPN tunnel is created.

Opening the Site Wizard Again


Although the Site wizard opens automatically the first time a client is opened, you can also open it at any
time.
To create a new site on the client at any time:
1. Right-click the client icon and select VPN Options.
The Options window opens.

2. On the Sites tab, click New.


The Site Wizard opens.

Installing and Configuring Endpoint Security VPN on Client Systems Page 21


Connecting to a Site

OR
1. Right-click the client icon and select Connect to.

2. In the Site drop-down, select New Site.


The Site Wizard opens.

Connecting to a Site
You might have to help users connect to the VPN. The Endpoint Security VPN client lets users connect to
sites - where the site is the VPN gateway.
To connect to a site:
1. Right-click the client icon and select Connect or Connect to.
A site connection window opens.
 This window has authentication fields according to the selected authentication method.
 If you selected Connect to, you can select the site to which you would like to connect.
2. Enter credentials, and click Connect.
A connection progress window opens. Wait until the connection is made.

Pre-Configuring Proxy Settings


Note - Remote-location proxy-server settings are usually detected automatically.

If a user is at a remote site that has a proxy server, the Endpoint Security VPN client must be configured to
pass through the proxy server to reach the gateway.
If you know that this will be an issue, you can configure this option when you prepare the client MSI file.
Otherwise, you can help your user configure the proxy server when the issue comes up.
To configure proxy settings on the client:
1. In the Options > Advanced tab, click Proxy Settings.

Installing and Configuring Endpoint Security VPN on Client Systems Page 22


Pre-Configuring Always Connect

The Proxy Settings window opens.

2. Select an option.
 No Proxy - Make a direct connection to the VPN.
 Detect proxy from Internet Explorer settings - Take the proxy settings from Internet Explorer >
Tools > Internet options > Connections > LAN Settings.
 Manually define proxy - Enter the IP address and port number of the proxy. If necessary, enter a
valid user name and password for the proxy.
3. Click OK.

Pre-Configuring Always Connect


You can help users set the Always Connect option. This lets the client connect automatically to the active
site. In a default package, this option is available for users to change.
To configure Always Connect in the client:
1. Right-click the client icon and select VPN Options.
The Options window opens.
2. On the Sites tab, select the VPN gateway, and click Properties.
The Properties window for the site opens.
3. Open the Settings tab.
4. Click Enable Always-Connect.
5. Click OK.

Using the Packaging Tool


You can create a package of the Endpoint Security VPN client with pre-defined settings, such as a VPN site
and authentication methods. When you deploy the package to users, it is easier for them to connect quickly.
Endpoint Security VPN Administration mode lets you create pre-configured packages. You open one
instance of the client, configure all settings, and save the client MSI.
If any of these features are disabled on the client in Administration mode, change the configuration of the
gateways.

Installing and Configuring Endpoint Security VPN on Client Systems Page 23


Using the Packaging Tool

To create a pre-configured package:


1. Open the client in Administration mode:
 32-bit systems - C:\Program Files\CheckPoint\Endpoint Connect\AdminMode.bat
 64-bit systems - C:\Program Files(x86)\CheckPoint\Endpoint Connect\AdminMode.bat
2. Right-click the client icon and select VPN Options.
The Options window opens, with the Administration tab.
3. On the Sites tab, define the site you want clients.
4. Select the site and click Properties > Settings.

5. Select VPN options:


 Always-Connect - Let the client connect automatically to the active site.
 VPN tunneling - Make sure the client connects to the VPN for all outbound traffic. Enable Hub
Mode for the gateway.
 Authentication
6. Click OK.
7. Open the Advanced tab and select relevant settings.
8. Open the Administration tab.

a) Input MSI Package Path - Select the input MSI package file.
b) Replace user's configuration when upgrading - Decide whether to keep the user configuration on
upgrade (clear the checkbox) or to merge the new configuration with existing configuration, including
client authentication. If you select this checkbox, users do not have to apply for new credentials to a
site they have been using.
c) Click Generate to create the MSI package.
A window opens to prompt for a location to save the generated package.
9. Distribute this package to Endpoint Security VPN users.

Installing and Configuring Endpoint Security VPN on Client Systems Page 24


Chapter 4
The Configuration File
In This Chapter

Configuration File Overview 25


Restoring Settings 25
Centrally Managing the Configuration File 25
Parameters in the Configuration File 26
Migrating Secure Configuration Verification 27

Configuration File Overview


The gateways save configuration parameters in the $FWDIR/conf/trac_client_1.ttm configuration file.
After you edit and save the file, install the policy.

Note - When editing the configuration file, do not use a DOS editor, such as Microsoft Word,
which adds formatting codes to the file.

Restoring Settings
If you customized the trac_client_1.ttm in a previous installation, you can restore your settings to the new
$FWDIR/conf/trac_client_1.ttm file. Do not do this procedure if you did not change this file from its default
settings - the new defaults, in the new file, are recommended for this installation.
To restore settings:
1. See the difference in parameter values between the backup and new trac_client_1.ttm file.

Important - When copying settings from the backup TTM file, make sure not to copy the
connect_timeout parameter.
If you do, the clients cannot connect.

2. Copy the values from the backup that you want to restore, to the new trac_client_1.ttm.
3. Save the file.
4. Install the policy.

Centrally Managing the Configuration File


If the configuration file on each gateway is identical, you can manage one copy of the configuration file on
the SmartCenter server. This file is copied to the Gateways when you install the policy.

Important - You must use the newest configuration file installed on the gateway for Endpoint
Security VPN. This is important, because if you do not install Endpoint Security VPN on the
SmartCenter server, the server will have an outdated configuration file that does not support
new features.

To centrally manage the configuration file:


1. On the gateway, save a backup of $FWDIR/conf/trac_client_1.ttm.

Page 25
Parameters in the Configuration File

2. From the gateway, copy trac_client_1.ttm to the server.


3. Open $FWDIR/conf/fwrl.conf and find the % SEGMENT FILTERLOAD section.
4. Within this section, add this line:
NAME = conf/trac_client_1.ttm;DST = conf/trac_client_1.ttm;
This copies the file to the Endpoint Security VPN gateways whenever you run Install Policy.
5. Save the file and install the policy.
When clients download the new policy from the gateway, configuration changes are applied.

Parameters in the Configuration File


This table shows some of the parameters of the TTM file. The default value is the recommended value.
Parameter Description Default

allow_disable_firewall Enable/disable menu option for user to disable false


desktop firewall.
Applied only if enable_firewall is true or
client_decide.

certificate_key_length Certificate enrollment settings. 1024


certificate_strong_protection true
certificate_provider "Microsoft
Enhanced
internal_ca_site
Cryptographic
internal_ca_dn Provider v1.0"
none
none

default_authentication_method Default authentication method. none

disconnect_on_smartcard_removal Enable/disable client disconnection when Smart false


Card with current certificate is removed.

do_proxy_replacement Enable/disable proxy replacement. true

enable_capi Enable/disable CAPI authentication. true

enable_firewall Enable/disable desktop firewall true


true, false, or client_decide.

enable_gw_resolving Enable/disable DNS resolution on each true


connection.
Used for MEP.

flush_dns_cache Enable/disable flushing the DNS cache while false


connecting.

hotspot_detection_enabled Enable/disable automatic hotspot detection. true

automatic_mep_topology Enable/disable the implicit (automatic) MEP true


method.
False - manual MEP method.

The Configuration File Page 26


Migrating Secure Configuration Verification

Parameter Description Default

ips_of_gws_in_mep Gateway IP addresses for clients to connect to. none


Applied only if automatic_mep_topology is
false.
Addresses are separated by "&#", and the list is
terminated by a final "&#":
NNN.NNN.NNN.NNN&#MMM.MMM.MMM.MMM&#
mep_mode MEP mode, priority of Gateways defined in dns_based
ips_of_gws_in_mep. Applied only if
automatic_mep_topology is false.
Valid values:
 dns_based
 first_to_respond
 primary_backup
 load_sharing
predefined_sites_only Enable/disable user ability to create or modify false
sites.

send_client_logs Email addresses to which debug logs are sent. none

suspend_tunnel_while_locked Enable/disable traffic suspension if the machine false


becomes inactive (due to lock or sleep) for a
specified duration.

tunnel_idleness_ignore_icmp Enable/disable monitor of ICMP packets to see if true


a tunnel is active.

tunnel_idleness_ignored_tcp_ports TCP ports that are not monitored to determine if none


a tunnel is active.

tunnel_idleness_ignored_udp_ports UDP ports that are not monitored to determine if 53&#137&#138&#


a tunnel is active.

tunnel_idleness_timeout Time, in minutes, after which a client will close an 0


inactive tunnel.
Zero (0) - the feature is disabled. The VPN tunnel
will never close due to inactivity.

Note - sk42850 (http://supportcontent.checkpoint.com/solutions?id=sk42850) explains the


complete file contents and syntax.

Migrating Secure Configuration Verification


SecureClient uses SCV compliance checks, and so does Endpoint Security VPN. Some features of
SecureClient compliance are ignored by the Endpoint Security VPN client.
 user_policy_scv - This SCV check sets the compliance status of a client after a user disables the
Desktop security policy. (SecureClient users can disable the firewall.) If the value of this check in
local.scv is true, the SecureClient client is still compliant, if the SecureClient user disables the firewall.
If the value is false and the user disables the firewall, the SecureClient client is not compliant.
To let Endpoint Security VPN users disable the Desktop security policy and keep compliance for the
client, configure the $FWDIR/conf/trac_client_1.ttm file: find allow_disable_firewall and
set :default(true).
 sc_ver_scv - This SCV check tests for the version of SecureClient. Currently, there is no SCV check for
the version of Endpoint Security VPN.
 ckp_scv - This SCV check is obsolete.

The Configuration File Page 27


MEP or Roaming

Appendix A
Multiple Entry Point (MEP)
Multiple Entry Point (MEP) gives high availability and load sharing to VPN connections. A Gateway is one
point of entry to the internal network. If the Gateway becomes unavailable, the internal network is also
unavailable. A Check Point MEP environment has two or more Gateways for the same VPN domain to give
remote users uninterrupted access. Endpoint Security VPN automatically detects and uses MEP topology.
MEP topology gives High Availability and load sharing with these characteristics:
 There is no physical restriction on the location of MEP Gateways. They can be geographically separated
and not directly connected.
 MEP Gateways can be managed by different management servers.
 There is no state synchronization in MEP. If a Gateway fails, the current connection falls and one of the
auxiliary Gateways picks up the next connection.
 Remote clients, not the gateways, find the Gateway to use.
To enable MEP, you must install the Hotfix on the SmartCenter server and on each Gateway.

In This Appendix

MEP or Roaming 28
Configuring Entry Point Choice 28
Defining MEP Method 29
Implicit MEP 30
Manual MEP 32
Making a Desktop Rule for MEP 32

MEP or Roaming
For MEP to work with Endpoint Security VPN, you must disable or limit the Roaming feature. If a gateway
connection fails, Roaming maintains the connection to the current gateway, while MEP finds a new gateway
to connect to. If these two features were enabled at the same time, they would conflict with each other.
To limit roaming (and enable MEP):
1. Open SmartDashboard > Global Properties.
2. Open Remote Access > Endpoint Connect.
3. Set Disconnect when connectivity to network is lost to Yes.
4. Click OK.
5. Open GuiDBedit.
6. Find endpoint_vpn_implicit_disconnect_timeout and set it to 1.
7. Click Save.
8. Install the policy.

Configuring Entry Point Choice


Configure how the client will choose a gateway from the multiple list of entry points.
 First to Respond - The first Gateway to reply is chosen and the VPN tunnel is between that gateway
and the client. The client asks for a response for each connection.

Multiple Entry Point (MEP) Page 28


Defining MEP Method

Recommendation: If you have multiple gateways that are geographically distant. For example, an
organization has three gateways: London, Sundsvall, and Paris. Usually, the London Gateway responds
first to clients in England and is their entry point to the internal network. If the London gateway goes
down, these users access the network through the Paris or Sundsvall gateway that responds first.
 Primary-Backup - One or multiple auxiliary Gateways give high availability for a primary Gateway.
Endpoint Security VPN is configured to connect with the primary Gateway, but switches to a Backup
Gateway if the Primary goes down.
Recommendation: If you have multiple gateways, and one is stronger or connects faster. Set the
stronger machine as the primary. Clients use the backup if the primary is unavailable.
 Load Distribution - Endpoint Security VPN randomly selects a Gateway.
Recommendation: If you have multiple gateways of equal performance. The traffic of Endpoint Security
VPN clients is shared between the gateways. Each client creates a tunnel with a random, available
gateway.
 Geo-Cluster Name Resolution - By default, Endpoint Security VPN resolves Gateway DNS names for
all connections. Optionally, you can store IP addresses in a cache. This can improve performance by
preventing repetitive DNS name resolution.
To enable DNS IP address cache:
1. On the Gateway, open $FWDIR/conf/trac_client_1.ttm.
2. Change the :default attribute, located in the :enable_gw_resolving attribute, to false.
:enable_gw_resolving (
:Gateway (
:map (
:false (false)
:true (true)
:client_decide (client_decide)
)
:default (false)
)
)
3. Save the file.
4. Install the policy.

Defining MEP Method


MEP configuration can be implicit or manual.
 Implicit - MEP methods and gateway identities are taken from the topology and configuration of
gateways that are in fully overlapping encryption domains or that have Primary-Backup gateways.
 Manual - You can edit the list of MEP Gateways in the Endpoint Security VPN TTM file.
Whichever you choose, you must set the Endpoint Security VPN configuration file to identify the
configuration.
To define MEP topology:
1. Open the $FWDIR/conf/trac_client_1.ttm configuration file.
2. Make sure that enable_gw_resolving is true.
3. Set the value of automatic_mep_topology
 true - implicit configuration
 false - manual configuration
4. Save the file.
5. Install the policy.

Multiple Entry Point (MEP) Page 29


Implicit MEP

Implicit MEP
With Implicit MEP, the configurations of the gateways are used to make the VPN connections. Gateways are
configured differently for each MEP method.
Before you begin, make sure that $FWDIR/conf/trac_client_1.ttm has:
 enable_gw_resolving (true)
 automatic_mep_topology (true)

Configuring Implicit First to Respond


When more than one Gateway leads to the same (overlapping) VPN domain, they are in a MEP
configuration. The first Gateway to respond is chosen. To configure first to respond, define that part of the
network that is shared by all the Gateways into a single group and assign that group as the VPN domain.
To configure First to Respond MEP:
1. Open SmartDashboard > Global Properties.
2. Open Remote Access > VPN Basic.
3. Make sure that Load Distribution is not selected.

4. Click OK.
5. For each gateway, open the properties window > Topology.
6. In the VPN Domain section, click Manually Defined and select the same VPN Domain for all
Gateways.
7. Click OK.
8. Install the policy.

Configuring Implicit Primary-Backup


Configure the VPN Domain that includes the Primary Gateway and another domain that includes only the
backup gateways. Configure each gateway as either the Primary gateway or a backup gateway.
To configure the primary gateway:
1. Open Global Properties window > VPN > Advanced, select Enable Backup Gateway.

2. In the network objects tree, Groups section, create a group of Gateways to act as backup Gateways.
3. Open the VPN properties of the Primary Gateway:
 NGX R65 and R70: gateway properties > VPN
 R71: gateway properties >IPSec VPN

Multiple Entry Point (MEP) Page 30


Implicit MEP

4. Select Use Backup Gateways, and select the group of backup Gateways.

This Gateway is the primary Gateway for this VPN domain.


5. For each backup Gateway, make a VPN domain that does not include IP addresses that are in the
Primary VPN domain or the other backup domains.
If the backup gateway already has a VPN domain, you must make sure that its IP addresses do not
overlap with the other VPN domains.
a) Create a group of IP addresses not in the other domains, or a group that consists of only the backup
gateway.
b) On the Properties window of the backup network object > Topology > VPN Domain section, select
Manually defined.
c) Select the group.
6. Click OK.
7. Install the policy.

Configuring Implicit Load Distribution


To configure implicit MEP for random gateway selection:
1. Open SmartDashboard > Global Properties.
2. Open Remote Access > VPN Basic.
3. Select Enable load distribution for Multiple Entry Point configurations.
4. Click OK.
5. For each gateway, open the properties window > Topology.
6. In the VPN Domain section, click Manually Defined and select the same VPN Domain for all
Gateways.
7. Click OK.
8. Install the policy.

Multiple Entry Point (MEP) Page 31


Manual MEP

Manual MEP
For SecureClient, the gateways have to belong to the same VPN domain for MEP to function. For Endpoint
Security VPN, the gateways do not have to belong to the same VPN domain. The gateways are configured
in the TTM file.
To configure the Gateways for MEP:
1. On a Gateway, open $FWDIR/conf/trac_client_1.ttm.
2. Search for the enable_gw_resolving attribute:
:enable_gw_resolving (
:gateway (
:default (true)
)
)
3. Make sure the attribute is set to its default value: true.
4. Search for the automatic_mep_topology attribute, and make sure its value is false.
5. Manually add the mep_mode attribute:
:mep_mode (
:gateway (
:default (xxx)
)
)
Where xxx is a valid value:
 dns_base
 first_to_respond
 primary_backup
 load_sharing
6. Manually add the ips_of_gws_in_mep attribute:
:ips_of_gws_in_mep (
:gateway (
:default (192.168.53.220&#192.168.53.133&#)
)
)
These are the IP addresses the client should try.
 IP addresses are separated by an ampersand and hash symbol (&#)
 The last IP address in the list has a final &#.
7. Save the file.
8. Install the policy.

Making a Desktop Rule for MEP


To use MEP, traffic to multiple sites in the encryption domain must be allowed. But the Desktop Policy sets
the main site as the default Destination for outbound traffic. You must make sure that your policy allows
traffic to the gateways in the encryption domain.
To add the MEP Rule:
1. In SmartDashboard, open the Desktop tab.
2. In Outbound rules, add a new rule:
 Destination - a Group network object that contains all gateways in the encryption domain.
 Service - the Visitor Mode service (default is 443), the NAT-T port (default is 4500 UDP), and HTTP.
 Action - Allow.

Multiple Entry Point (MEP) Page 32


Appendix B
Differences between SecureClient
and Endpoint Security VPN CLI
This table shows common tasks and how to perform them with SecureClient or Endpoint Security VPN
command line. N/A indicates that the task cannot be performed with the CLI.
Task SecureClient Endpoint Security VPN

Asynchronous Connect connectwait <profilename> N/A

Change P12 Certificate N/A change_p12_pwd -f <filename> [ -o


Password <oldpassword> -n <newpassword> ]

Connect to Site connect [-p] <profilename> connect -s <sitename> [-u <username>


-p <password> | -d <dn> | -f <p12> | -
pin <PIN> -sn <serial>]

Create / Add Site add <sitename> create -s <sitename> [-a


<authentication method>]

Delete Site delete <sitename> delete -s <sitename>

Disconnect from Site disconnect disconnect

Display Connection Status status N/A

Enable / Disable Hotspot sethotspotreg <on | off> N/A


Registration

Enable / Disable Policy setpolicy [on | off] N/A

Enroll ICA CAPI Certificate icacertenroll <site IP/name> enroll_capi -s <sitename> -r


<registration key> <file path> <registrationkey> [ -i <providerindex> -l
<password> <keylength> -sp <strongkeyprotection>
]

Enroll ICA P12 Certificate N/A enroll_p12 -s <sitename> -f <filename>


-p <password> -r <registrationkey> [ -l
<keylength> ]

Get Site Name / IP getsite <profilename> info [-s <sitename>]

List Profiles listprofiles N/A

List Domain Names Stored in N/A list


the CAPI

Print Log Messages N/A log

Renew CAPI Certificate N/A renew_capi -s <sitename> -d <dn> [ -l


<keylength> -sp <strongkeyprotection>
]

Page 33
Making a Desktop Rule for MEP

Task SecureClient Endpoint Security VPN

Renew P12 Certificate N/A renew_p12 -s <sitename> -f <filename>


-p <password> [ -l <keylength>]

Restart VPN Services restartsc N/A

Set Certificate File / Password passcert <password> See Connect to Site


<certificate>

Set Username / Password userpass <username> See Connect to Site


<password>

Show Number of Profiles numprofiles N/A

Show VPN Client Version version ver

Start VPN Client Services startsc start

Stop VPN Client Services stopsc stop

Suppress UI Dialog Messages suppressdialogs [on | off] N/A

Unset User Credentials erasecreds N/A

Update Topology update <profilename> N/A

Differences between SecureClient and Endpoint Security VPN CLI Page 34