WZ-10 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia WZ-10 Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia to: navigation, search This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding reliable references. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (May 2009) WZ-10 RoleAttack helicopter ManufacturerChanghe Aircraft Industries Corporation (CAIC) Designed byWu Ximing First flight29 April 2003 IntroducedDecember 2010 StatusIn service[1] Primary userPeople's Liberation Army Number built8 + 6 Prototype The WZ-10 (WZ, 武直 = Wuzhuang Zhishengji, 武装直升机, literally "Armed Helicopter") is an attack helicopter developed by the People's Republic of China. It is designed primarily for anti-tank missions but is believed to have a secondary air-to-air capability as well. It is being built by Changhe Aircraft Industries Corporation (CAIC). Contents [hide] 1 Development 1.1 Early exploration 1.2 Dedicated research 1.3 Separate project 1.4 New manufacturer 2 Design 2.1 Avionics (aircraft related) 2.1.1 Flight instrumentation 2.1.2 Navigation 2.2 Avionics (mission related) 2.2.1 Electronic warfare 2.2.2 Electro-optics 2.2.3 Helmet mounted targeting and night vision 2.2.4 Radar 2.3 Cockpit 2.4 Propulsion 2.4.1 Powerplant and auxiliary power unit 2.4.2 Rotors 2.5 Weaponry 2.5.1 Cannon and machine guns 2.5.2 Guided and unguided missiles 3 Operators 4 Specifications (estimated) 5 See also 6 References 7 External links [edit] Development The origins of WZ-10 date as far back as 1979, when China began to explore ways of countering the advance of large enemy armour formations that would attack in great numbers. The resulting analysis by Chinese military establishments suggested that the most effective conventional way (i.e. without use of nuclear weaponry) was to attack enemy armour formations from the air and the attack helicopter was the best choice. Eight Aérospatiale Gazelle armed with Euromissile HOT were procured to further evaluate this option and the results

while the former performed the actual attack missions on the enemy targets. The Chinese military had concluded that not only was the Chinese helicopter force inadequate. Such findings were fundamental for WZ-10 in that the entire weaponry and fire-control system would be centred on the new missile. In 1988 a defence agreement was signed between the USA and China authorising the sale of AH-1 Cobra attack helicopters to China. exploring tactics and strategies. with combined military arms. [edit] Early exploration The resulting evaluation of modern warfare. setting the most important criteria for the future helicopter. While attempting to import foreign attack helicopters resulted in failure. In addition to being an effective anti-tank weapon. despite the lack of attack helicopters. It was found that the most effective tactic would be deploying the new attack helicopter alongside the Changhe Z-11 or Harbin Z-9. In order to check large enemy armour formations successfully with attack helicopters. the Chinese military concluded that armed versions of the Changhe Z-11 and Harbin Z-9 could not meet their requirements and a dedicated attack helicopter was needed. These civilian helicopters converted for military use could be used as scouts at best. it would eventually expand to over 500 in the next two decades. the Chinese military evaluated the Agusta A129 Mangusta in the mid 1980s. so was the structure of its armed force. More importantly. As China attempted to import the Mil Mi-24 from Bulgaria and Russia. research was continued and the PLAGFAF used other armed helicopters to simulate future attack helicopters. it also needed to be capable of defending itself against enemy helicopters and other aircraft. in the early to mid 1980s had revealed that the current armed helicopters in China's inventory no longer met the requirements of modern combat.lead to the birth of the WZ-10 project. because all of them were converted from civilian helicopters which made them vulnerable in intense combat situations. Equally important. The Chinese military recommended that in order to . it was found that facing off enemy armour formations required a dedicated attack helicopter such as the AH-1 Cobra or Mil Mi-24. As a result of these findings. helping to define the requirements for the future WZ-10. the colour revolutions also prevented China from obtaining attack helicopters. finding and designating targets for the former. Based on their experience gained in operating armed helicopters. [edit] Dedicated research The results of combat in the Gulf War made the Chinese military further realise the importance and the urgent need for attack helicopters. The latter would serve as scouts. People's Liberation Army Ground Force Air Force (PLAGFAF) was established as a result and starting from a mere 9 Harbin Z-9. domestic research continued to reveal the shortcomings of China's current fleet of helicopters exposed by war games. But just as China was preparing to do further evaluations. all of them rejected Chinese requests. extensive research work had revealed that missiles such as BGM-71 TOW were inadequate and the earlier proposal of a more powerful anti-tank missile such as AGM-114 Hellfire was once again proven to be in need. as China turned to Eastern European countries for help in the period between 1990 through 1991. China was sanctioned by the west after the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989. along with permission to produce the BGM-71 TOW in China under licence. the helicopter force had to be under the command of the army instead of the air force. Afterwards.

meet the requirements. The research work done by this team led to the recommendation that the new attack helicopter should not be based on the technologies of current Chinese light helicopters such as Z-11 or Z-9. AVIC II began to use a CAMC Z-8 to test newly developed WZ-10 sub-systems of WZ-10 and in autumn of the same year. following the issue of recommendations by the Chinese military. The 602nd Research Institute proposed a dedicated attack helicopter design. consisting of members from various military and governmental organisations as well as scientific research establishments. Since most of the technologies were to be shared by both anyway. an necessary indigenous helicopters failed. Development of WZ-10 was given the name Special Armed Project ( 武工程) by the Chinese government. including Eurocopter (rotor installation design consultancy). the government should do two things. Sometime between 1990 and 1991. while Harbin Aircraft Manufacturing Corporation (HAMC) of China Aviation Industry Corporation II (AVIC II) was assigned as the primary contractor of manufacturing. China concentrated efforts on those areas where it could not obtain foreign help. However. a deal to introduce the Mil Mi-28 fell apart Russia rejected China's requirement to produce the Mi-28 in China under licence as in the case of the Sukhoi Su-27/Shenyang J-11. the Chinese government gave the go-ahead for separating WZ-10 into an independent program but the medium helicopter program was not abandoned. the priority for the medium helicopter program was to first develop those technologies that could be used on both civilian and attack helicopter. the 602nd Research Institute proposed to either separate the armed attack helicopter from the medium helicopter program or devote all resources to the armed helicopter program. various key western helicopter manufacturers provided considerable technical assistance to the later WZ-10 development program. Since many helicopter technologies are shared by civilian and attack helicopter designs. based on the results achieved by the Armed Helicopter Developmental Team achieved over the years. [edit] Separate project In 1998. In the mean attack helicopter research team should be established to prepare the research work on future domestic manufacturing and development of an attack helicopter. Some sources outside China had also referred to it as the Z-X armed helicopter. the 6-ton class China Medium Helicopter (CHM) program[2] was started in 1994 by China. a shorter form of Special Use Armed Helicopter Project ( 用武装直升机工程). it was suggested that it would be wise to hide the new attack helicopter program under a civilian medium helicopter development program. China's second attempt to procure attack time. with the 602nd and 608th Research Institutes as the leading designers. After the continuous failures in introducing heavier helicopters of foreign origin to China.[3] Meanwhile. it was continued on a much smaller scale while most resources were allocated to WZ-10. which was also urgently required by China at the time. an abbreviation of Wu Zhi (武直)-10. China established the Armed Helicopter Developmental Work Team (武装直升机 工作小 ). In 1994. To meet requirements quickly. Pratt & Whitney Canada (PT6C turboshaft engine) and Agusta Westland (transmission). The development of WZ-10 was under strict secrecy. Under this ostensibly civilian program. The Chinese government allocated nearly ¥ 4 billion as an initial investment and the WZ-10 became one of the most important aircraft programs begun in the 9th 5-yr plan. foreign attack helicopters should be purchased. The 602nd Research Institute was assigned as the chief designer. more so than other secretive development programs such as the Chengdu J-10 combat aircraft. Nearly four dozen other establishments participated in the program. In the same year. but on a new medium helicopter design. In the summer of 1999. designated WZ-10. a Harbin Z-9 was added to the test . The second approach had greater success.

the government and military were weary and impatient. 2004. the airfield having been assigned to CAIC for such use. [edit] Design The chief designer of WZ-10 is Mr. HAMC still retained responsibility for production of certain sub-systems and components. . was on board the prototype. In one of the test flights the future commander-in-chief of the People's Liberation Army Ground Force Air Force (PLAGAF). whereas according to other sources they were completed nine month earlier in March 2003. The design is undergoing continuous minor modification and upgrade based on the feedback. were taking place. believed to have caused the company to go into debt. The SH-5 factory had become very profitable after its successful restructuring and reform. Mr. Wu had participated in the designs of the armed version of transport helicopters Z-8A and WZ-9. It was decided that the WZ-10 program was too important to be run by HAMC. and as the chief designer and project manager of WZ-10. a total of 3 prototypes had completed over 400 hours of test flights by this time. Some foreign assistance from South Africa has been confirmed. including firing of live ammunition. and thus was stretched to the limit. The repeated failures in obtaining foreign attack helicopters reinforced feelings that China had no choice but to ignore foreign options and develop its own such aircraft and work on the WZ-10 accelerated. a WZ-10 prototype completed its maiden flight at Lumeng ( 蒙) airfield. for a total of 6. but the deal for the Kamov Ka-50 fell apart just as the Mil Mi-28 deal several years earlier. By 2004 3 more prototypes were built. aircraft engine ground test center. manufacturing pressurized tanks and other specialized containers. According to Chinese sources. Prototypes and a small number of pre-production aircraft are in service with the Chinese military for evaluation. for which it could utilize experience gained from manufacturing parts for foreign helicopters and fixed wing aircraft such as the Embraer ERJ 145 family. Song Xiangsheng (宋湘生). In May 2002. [edit] New manufacturer In 2000. taking place during both day and night. so a more stable contractor was sought and CAIC was selected. many speculated that HAMC was not performing well enough due to rigid and ineffective Soviet-style management practices. In order to complete the necessary development. fatigue laboratory. Wu Ximing (吴希明) of the 602nd Research Institute. HOTAS controls and navigation systems. South Africa refused further Chinese requests for assistance and no contact was made after 2001. The official reason given was excessive workload. Although HAMC was in the process of reform. but it had to get out of the aircraft manufacturing business for good. HAMC was busy producing the HC120 and Harbin Z-9. 2003. the Chinese again attempted to obtain a Russian attack helicopter. WZ-10 is the first Chinese helicopter that eventually achieved paperless design. A third stage of intensive test flights followed. the 602nd Research Institute and CAIC had jointly built brand new engineering design center. one of the many top Chinese scientists play important roles in the 863 Program. and a second stage of test flights were concluded on December 15. industrial simulator. However. as well as other fixed wing aircraft such as the Harbin Y-12. which provided limited help in the area of flight stability based on the experience from designing the Denel AH-2 Rooivalk. HAMC transferred most of its production responsibilities to CAIC of AVIC II.aircraft inventory. In April 2003. According to Jane's Information Group. the initial test flights were concluded on December 17. the WZ-10 tail rotor and some other components were tested on the ground by the 602nd Research Institute. which finally succeeded. These tests concentrated on sub-systems such as the fire-control systems. and the all electronic / online design enabled the design work to be completed within a year. he completed 5 years of work in just 2 years. In the same year. By January 2006 weaponry and sensor tests.

the Chinese equivalent of MIL-STD-1553B. and both configurations share the same holographic head-up display. The adaptation of western military standard means that western weaponry can be readily deployed on WZ-10. as in the case of the dashboard of automobiles. The difference in layout between the two configurations is that in one configuration. Technology and Industry for National Defense (COSTIND) progress reward. WZ-10 is also the very first indigenous Chinese helicopter that adopts HOTAS. all of the rest facilities are claimed to be the largest of their kinds in Asia. [edit] Flight instrumentation There are two configurations of the flight instrumentation for WZ-10. flight instrumentation panel is the place where composite material is mostly used. Although foreign technologies are utilized (particularly French and Israeli. It’s not clear which one is originated from foreign system and which is indigenously developed. The new facilities had helped China to overcome many difficulties it faced in the development and since the end of 2001. and the other one is indigenously developed. and the help to potential export resulted later was just a coincidence.and full-scale rotary test platform (nicknamed as Iron Bird Platform. but a traditional conventional control system had been developed in parallel as a backup. [edit] Avionics (aircraft related) The main contractor of the avionics of WZ-10 is the 613th Research Institute. Huge efforts were spent to domestically develop composite materials able to provide comparable levels of survivability to Western counterparts. Instead of using French standard DIGIBUS. the longest test was completed on the full-scale rotary test platform. To counter balance the weight of the armor protecting the pilots. to fit the potential customer countries’ pilots’ habits. one developed from similar foreign system (rumored to be French). just as the case of cockpit MFDs. while the other. 台). Composite material is widely used in the WZ-10 but China faced difficulties in this field. so a backup was developed in parallel as a precaution. this is limited to hardware only. All software applicable to WZ-10 are completely indigenously developed by China on its own. particularly in the area of survivability during crashes. However. The erroneous claim of installing Russian K-36/37 ejection seat in the cockpit of WZ-10 proved to be false. there are three color LCD multi-function displays (MFD). the most time consuming part of the software engineering for WZ-10 was to develop all of the mathematic models needed for WZ-10. paving the way for the future test flights. where plastic material concentrates. One of the greatest challenges . as rumored). WZ-10 is built to Chinese GJV289A standard. and for exactly the same reason why two configurations of flight instrumentation were developed in parallel. but it’s reported that the practice of having different configurations thanks to the modular design is for export purposes. and the developer claims that all it needed was to add a module or interface to accomplish this. A small number of mechanical dial indicators are also retained as a backup in case the MFDs have failed. there is a rumor that China initially lacked the faith in its domestic system during the early stage of the development of WZ-10. these are replaced by two larger LCD MFDs. With the exception of the engineering design center. The ease of being compatible with multiple weaponry would also help to expand the export market of WZ-10 in the future. This achievement earned a 2nd place in the Commission for Science. and the survival of pilots in emergencies landing depends on the crashworthiness of helicopter. due to the backward Chinese industrial capability at the time. which was responsible of integrating all of the avionics subsystems provided by subcontractors. Reportedly.

radar warning receivers (RWR). A modified Blue Sky navigation pod can also carried by WZ-10. The system is designated YH-96 (YH = Yu Huo. despite developer’s claim of the navigational system of WZ-10 can utilize a variety of satellite navigation to improve its accuracy. the navigational systems of WZ-10 are fully integrated. though GPS is usually the norm. The optronics FCS is manufactured by the 218th Factory of China North Industries Group Corp (中国兵器工 集 公司). The identification friend or foe (IFF) system of WZ-10 is specially designed to work in an environment of heavy enemy jamming. All internally mounted jamming and decoy launching systems are built with the concept of modular design. and provisions are made for future upgrades to include Galileo (satellite navigation)/Beidou navigation system when expanded capabilities of these systems become available. a modified BM/KG300G self protection jamming pod can also be carried. the 218th Factory would first expanded to form Beijing China Optical Instruments . and these includes a laser gyro. [edit] Avionics (mission related) [edit] Electronic warfare The electronic warfare (EW) system of WZ-10 is the first Chinese EW system that integrates the radar. named after the YH radar. electronic support measures (ESM) and electronic counter-measures (ECM) together. [edit] Navigation Unlike previous Chinese helicopters which had different navigational systems onboard independently. and a more advanced (and thus more costly) model has been developed. it can automatically analyze the threat and launch different decoys and jamming signals accordingly. usually on one of the hard points of the stub wings. which utilizes experience gained from earlier manufacturing of similar French and Israeli systems. only one of such pod is carried at any one time. Usually. pilots can choose to launch decoys or jamming enemy sensors themselves. The software is completely indigenously developed by China on its own. the integrated GPS corrected INS is the only system that has been shown to the public at Zhuhai Airshows and other defense exhibitions. and in the fully automatic mode. Alternatively. The onboard inertial navigation system (INS) is fully integrated with GPS/GLONASS system. For potential export customers. a small and relatively unknown factory which was hidden in the busy commercial and residential area for more than four decades in the Chongwen Precinct of Beijing. In the first decade of the 21st century. but only hardware wise. YH-96 is claimed to have a high interception rate of hostile signals. one becoming available. terrain-avoidance and terrain following capabilities. combining the best of two. while at the same time. Like the modified Blue Sky navigation pod. incorporating ground mapping. although all of these additions come at the cost of reducing the number of hardpoints available for carrying weaponry. it can selection any satellite navigation systems of its choice. Similarly. Early units of WZ-10 has a pulse Doppler navigational radar which only had weather and navigational capabilities. so that they can be readily replaced when newer technologies become available. A radar altimeter currently installed on WZ-10 is full interchangeable with laser altimeter. the pilots would not be knocked out by the toxic fume released by the burning composite material. Information is shared via secured data-link that provide real time and near real time information. [edit] Electro-optics One of the two primary fire control system (FCS) is the electro-optical (optronics) system. 浴火). In addition. also meets the safety standard so that during a fire. until its relocation in the beginning of the 21st century. which will be replaced in the future by an optical fiber gyro currently under development. laser warning receivers (LWR).was to find the right composite material that is fit to use. a modified KZ900 reconnaissance pod can be carried for reconnaissance missions.

and all of them shares similar components for most parts. with a laser range finding and targeting system for laser beam riding missiles such as HJ-9. The common components of all three types include color daytime TV camera. Dr. first in the form of research: research work in small increments had actually continued for decades. The latest version currently in service has a laser ranger / designator for semi-active laser guided missiles such as HJ-9A and HJ-10. the company not only developed the optronics FCS of WZ-10 during its rapid expansion. There are a total of four known types of optronics FCS that have been publicized. and under his leadership. At the 7th Zhuhai Airshow held at the end of 2008. the military sales of the company increased the original ¥ 30 million in 2003 to ¥ 20 billion in 2006. Although the navigational info can be displayed on the MFD. [edit] Helmet mounted targeting and night vision In addition to the millimeter wave fire control radar and optronic FCS. The optronics FCS of WZ-10 is named as Airborne Stabilized Aiming System (机 瞄系 ) by China. The photos of HMS of WZ-10 begun to appear on the Chinese website in 2008. The most recent system that is currently under development incorporates a laser ranging / targeting system that can perform all of the functions previously handled by separate system. with origins dating back as early as early 1980s. A more advanced version appeared shortly after. which was first shown at the 5th Zhuhai Airshow held at the end of 2004. (中兵光 科技股份有限公司. the helmet mounted sight (HMS) designed by the 613th Research Institute. Many Chinese internet sources have claimed that although the great surge in the production of the optronics FCS & the primary weapon HJ-10 occurred in the first half of the first decade of the 21st century. The HMS is standard for WZ-10. the 602nd Research Institute was tasked to develop a mast-mounting system for the optronics FCS. pilots can also fly WZ-10 on   . (北京 北光学 器有限公司). The earliest sample is the cheapest. imaging infrared camera. but also developed the primary weapon of WZ-10. As a result of the success. Li Baoping (李保平). the program actually had much longer time in existence. and more information followed. pilots of WZ-10 has another FCS. Li was named as the chief executive officer of the 218th Factory in addition. the project manager of optronics FCS of WZ-10.Ltd. The only difference between the four known optronics FCS is in their laser targeting system. and at the same time. and the seekers of the missiles can also be slaved to the FCS. but also integrated to onboard navigational system as well. The HMS of WZ-10 is based on the earlier HMS used on WZ-9. and later further expanded to China North Industries Group Corporation Elctro-Opticals Science & Technology Ltd. who were transferred from the 203rd Research Institute in Xi an to Beijing in 2001 to become the deputy bureau chief of the Electro-Optical Bureau of the China North Industries Group Corp. and this latest developmental type is also the most expensive and most bulky one of all. the HJ-10 anti-tank missile. the developer confirmed that the HMS is not only fully integrated into the FCS.) The chief designer was Dr. The next year. and it is fully integrated into the overall FCS. which was successfully completed in 2003 (test flew on Harbin Z-9). The optronics FCS is fully compatible and can be slaved to the pilots’ HMS/HMD. with a laser range finder for HJ-8 and similar wire-guided missiles. night vision camera. During the 10th 5-yr plan.

less than half of similar former Soviet system. . All of the publicized photos released by the official sources of the Chinese government have shown that the NVGs used WZ-10 (as well as other helicopters in Chinese service) are in the binocular form. and so are the engines and the fuel tank located in the middle of the fuselage. The bottom and sides of the cockpit are protected by composite armor. who is also the team leader of the aircrew. as an additional option. laser warning receivers (LWR).the gunner in front and the pilot in the back . the millimeter wave (MMW) fire-control radar (FCR) is not standard for WZ-10. In comparison. Additionally. however. The MMW FCR for WZ-10 is developed by China Northern Electronic Co. a tanned version is also available for camouflage purposes. The bullet-proof glass of the canopy may be as thick as 38 millimeters. The urgent need forced the early samples of WZ-10 to be evaluated without the planned radar. As with the case of optronic FCS. [edit] Radar Despite the original plan.5 kg. with a small display screen mounted on the side of the helmet. the Chinese MMW FCR adopts western approach of using a single antenna. HMD cannot be used. YH MMW FCR is fully integrated with other subsystems of the onboard electronic warfare system. a subsidiary of Norinco. This MMW FCR is fully solid state and fully digitized. when NVG is mounted. which the HMS is fully in the conventional layout of most attack helicopters. The canopy of the cockpit is specially treated to prevent glare from the sun. though this is not standard. and. helmet mounted displays are also developed for WZ-10. similar to AN/APG-78 used for AH-64D Apach Longbow. and is able to withstand direct hits from shrapnel and rounds fired from machine guns up to . short for Yu Huo (浴火). weighing 69. Final radar deployment configuration has yet to be determined. The flight control of both aviators serves to back each other up. and the pilot. and electronic countermeasures (ECM). electronic support measures (ESM). This is achieved by using night vision goggles (NVG). working in exactly the same way 613th Research Institute’s HMS for jet fighters (which was first shown to the public at the very 1st Zhuihai Airshow in 1996). did confirm that HMD is not standard because when this HMD is mounted.their own. The developer. NVGs cannot be used. and it was only later did the radar become available. Such HMD is similar to the Honeywell M142 Integrated Helmet and Display Sighting System (IHADSS) used on AH-64 Apache. (中国北方 子公司). may override the gunner’s commands. The radar is designated as YH. because the actual device has not been shown in public yet. [edit] Cockpit The stepped tandem cockpit houses two aviators . with the entire EW system onboard WZ-10 named after the radar. It’s rumored that such HMD is LCD. such as radar warning receivers (RWR).50 caliber size. In contrast to Russian system that uses two antennas. NVGs of WZ-10 is developed based on experienced gained in manufacturing similar French and Israeli systems. and similarly. It is also unclear whether NVG is standard or not. The HMS of WZ-10 can control both the air-to-air and air-to-ground missiles. because all of the official photos of WZ-10 helmet released by the governmental sources do not shown NVGs attached. but this cannot be confirmed. without using the navigational system onboard. despite the developer’s claim of the helmet and HMS are fully compatible with NVGs. both the Russian Arabelet / FH-101 MMW FCR used on Kamov Ka-50N and the Ukrainian Khinzhal MMW FCR used on Mil Mi-28N weight around 150 kg. because the radar was not ready in time. meaning bathing in fire.

all prototypes and pre-production series of WZ-10 are powered by foreign engines. and Ukrainians are helping Chinese to develop its own indigenous turboshaft engine. but this cannot be confirmed. there are no political issues that would affect the purchase of vital parts. while laser is far less prone to interception. The planned procedure to reduce its radar cross section includes adopting radar absorbent paints. Russian Klimov VK-2500 turboshaft engine that powers Mil Mi-17s sold to China is among the ones used. with Ukrainian and Russian assistance. ). The previously erroneous claim of WZ-9 being a Chinese version of MTR390 proved to be false.[edit] Propulsion [edit] Powerplant and auxiliary power unit The modular design of WZ-10 enables it to adopt a number of turboshaft engines. Furthermore. VK-2500. Specifications for Wo Zhou . all of them foreign built. since it is 100% built in China. It’s rumored that European MTR390 that powers Eurocopter Tiger has also been selected. a category Wozhou-9 belongs to. The transmission system was developed with the help of Agusta Westland. TV3-117 and PT6 are all classified as third generation turboshaft engines. Such system has never been used on Chinese helicopters before. the integrated APU also provides power to onboard avionics for WZ-10.4 The auxiliary power unit (APU) of WZ-10 is centered on a brand new brushless DC electric motor designed by Huafeng Avionics ( 烽航空 器) Co. Ukrainian Motor-Sich TV3-117 that powers Mil Mi-28 has also successfully tested. which would reduce the probability of intercept by enemy’s electronic support measures in comparison to traditional radar altimeter. At least three type of turboshaft engines have been successfully tested for WZ-10.311 kg/(kW·h) Pressure ratio: > 8 Inlet temperature: 1355 degrees Celsius Power to weight ratio: 5. Another planned measure is to incorporate laser altimeter pioneered by Israel. However. which emits radio/radar signals. Chinese have claimed that the avionics of WZ-10 is more advanced that of Russian . and stable current. a subsidiary of GAIC. long-term engines for the WZ-10 will be the domestic WZ-9 (WZ = Wo Zhou. Wozhou (WZ)-9 is scheduled to enter full operational service by the end of 2009. Wozhou-9 is the least powerful engine out of the five tested for WZ-10. high power. and its adaptation on WZ-10 proved to be successful. In contrast to previous helicopter designs. but enjoys the advantage of lowest operational cost because there is no foreign built component. The new electric motor is characterized by its low voltage. The future. WZ-10 is not stealthy. high rpm. while MTR390 is classified as a fourth generation turboshaft engine. because according to the publicized official Chinese governmental technical documents. designed by the 602nd Research Institute. but careful attentions have been given to reduce its electro-magnetic characteristics to reduce the probability of being detected. Due to the delay in the developing of Chinese domestic engines. where early designs had separately systems for starting the main engine and powering onboard avionics. and the entire development only took three months.9 ( -9) turboshaft engine currently under development: Power: 957 kW Fuel consumption: 0. the multiple choices of engines have much more to do with the inability of Chinese industry to provide the necessary power plants for WZ-10 in time than the success of modular design concept. and so are the Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6C-67C that powers civilian helicopters of western origin in Chinese service.

solidification process of the foaming material. higher construction and maintenance cost. From 1994 through 2001. Mr. the Chinese equivalent of the MIL-STD-1553B databus architecture. China never had such advanced technology and Mr. but Type 95KT blades have also been widely used afterward in new helicopters and upgrading old helicopters. production cycles shortened by more than five sixth. [edit] Weaponry Due to its modular design concept. The main rotor blade. The early successful completion not only enabled WZ-10 to fly a full year ahead of the schedule. Li Meng (李萌) led the team to successfully develop the main rotor for WZ-10. there are four titanium alloy layers on the leading edge of every blade.[4] The guns are mounted either in the chain gun form. and can be directly aimed by pilots’ HMS. Li Meng and his team made breakthroughs in all of these area and with the new techniques they developed. In the turret form. The stub wings have two hardpoints each for a total of four. Type 95KT composite rotor blade was a top priority of the 8th 5-yr plan that first begun in that era. and mathematical models for predicting the thermal expansion of the molds used for composite materials. [edit] Rotors The main rotor is mounted in the midsection of the fuselage. enable them to sustain direct bullet hits. WZ-10 can be armed with a wide variety of weaponry. cannons. foaming of the carbon fiber and glass fiber composite material. fenestron design was dropped after test flights. with the energy cost reduced by 90%. The 4-blade tail rotor utilizes the similar to the tail rotor of AH-64. In addition to the composite material. with two pairs at unequal distance instead of 4 blades at the equal distance. Type 95KT foamed composite blade requires many new manufacturing technique that previously did not exist in China. Offensive weaponry consists of machine guns. automatic grenade launcher can also be housed next to the machine .attack helicopters. The adaptation of Chinese GJV289A standard. the deputy chief engineer of CAIC. adding composite skin layers. [edit] Cannon and machine guns Internal armament consists of a gun mount installed on the chin of the aircraft (likely to be of 30mm calibre). fenestron configuration was originally adopted for the tail rotor. Based on the success of Harbin Z-9 and HC120. including: the soaking of the prefabricated material in special solutions under medium temperature. such as higher power requirement. or in the turret. Two stub wings provide attachment points for external ordnance or gun pods. consisted of a total of five blades. due to the inherit disadvantages of the design. each hardpoint being able to carry up to 4 missiles for a total of up to 16. and the avionics suit enables WZ-10 to be able to conduct mission at a level that is just 10 meters above the ground. and a more conventional tail rotor configuration was adopted. and one of the main purposes of such arrangement was to reduce noise. higher resistance and weight. enables weaponry of both Soviet and western origin to be adopted by WZ-10. All guns on the WZ-10 can be used either against ground targets or aerial targets. rockets and missiles. However. the production was greatly improved. Mr. and it was one of the ten critical technologies of WZ-10. winning two patents in the process. The tail rotor blades are consisted of a total of 11 layers of glass-reinforced plastic and composite material. and finished the job ahead of schedule. China has claimed that these breakthroughs enabled Chinese productivity to reach its western counterparts. and molds needed reduced by five sixth also. Li Meng had to lead his team to develop it on their own.

and using the same ammo for air. while the smaller caliber 12. it is also said to be the most lethal of all. Three types of chain-fed autocannons are available for WZ-10. The turret is flexible enough to incorporate configurations such as a single barrel machine gun and an automatic grenade launcher with calibers ranging from 30 mm to 40 mm. Originally mounted on the NVH-4 derivative of Type 85 AFV. the 25 mm M242 Bushmaster is the most accurate among all three autocannons of its kind in use with the Chinese military. HJ-9 and HJ-10 anti-tank missiles.5 mm gatling gun.gun in the same turret. Older 30 mm guns used on fighter jets such as Shenyang J-6 is not compatible with ground and naval guns of the same caliber. the failure rate of 2A72 is nearly zero. Guns for WZ-10 can also be mounted in the turret form. while being the least reliable type of chain-fed gun in use with the military. The Chinese FN-6 and QW series missiles can also be deployed. while smaller caliber rockets were mounted in conventional rocket pods. Grenade launchers are only effective against ground targets. The most frequently used rockets are those ranging from 57 mm to 90 mm and a total of 4 pods can be carried under the stub wings. TY-90 is claimed to have greater lethality than the MANPAD missiles usually carried by helicopters. The main air-to-air missile deployed by WZ-10 is TY-90. this 23 mm gun covers a sector of 130 degrees.7 mm or 7. while machine guns may be effectively used on both ground and air targets.62 mm machine guns may be mounted either in single barrel or twin barrel forms. When armed with these smaller caliber machine guns. WZ-10 can be armed with a wide variety of unguided rockets ranging from 20 mm to 130 mm caliber. Furthermore. ground and naval guns with the same caliber would greatly reduce the operational cost. having the greatest penetrating power against armored vehicles. a Chinese development of the Russian 2A72 autocannon for aircraft use. one under each hardpoint. Like all other chain guns. the coverage is increased to 180 degrees as opposed to the 130 degrees of larger caliber autocannons. in both ground and aerial formats. with a total of 4 carried. The most powerful autocannon that can be mounted on the WZ-10 is the Chinese reverse-engineered 25 mm M242 Bushmaster adopted for helicopter use. as with other non-Chinese MANPADs. the Chinese military was thoroughly impressed with its performance and modified the gun for aerial use. The HJ-10 is thought to be similar to AGM-114 Hellfire and it has an anti-helicopter capability in addition to anti-tank capability. However. but this is limited to small caliber machine guns. TY-90 and MANPADs are often carried in pairs. a missile specifically designed for use by helicopters in aerial combat. with the first being a 23 mm automatic chain gun indigenously developed by China. this gun is the most complex and thus the most costly. The largest rockets tested were a type of 130 mm rocket that were carried on the hardpoints just as missiles are carried. One of the primary reasons to adopt the 2A72 30 mm gun for aerial use is its high reliability. The relatively low reliability of the 25 mm autocannon also has prevented the ground version form being widely adopted. [edit] Operators People s Republic of China People s Liberation Army [edit] Specifications (estimated)     . as in the AH-1 Cobra. Another important reason for developing an aerial version of the 2A72 30 mm gun is to simplify logistics. [edit] Guided and unguided missiles The air-to-surface missiles deployed by WZ-10 include the domestic HJ-8. The largest type of machine gun that may be fitted to the WZ-10 turret is a single 14. According to Chinese claims. The largest caliber of chain gun carried by WZ-10 is a 30 mm automatic gun. the total number is reduced to 2. When using larger air-to-air missiles such as PL-9 or similar missiles such as AIM-9 Sidewinder. and according to Russian claim.

html ^ Hewson. or 14. 957 kw (1285 shp) each Performance Maximum speed: 300+ km/h[5] Cruise speed: 270+ km/h[5] Ferry range: 800+ km[5] () Service ceiling: 6.000 kg (lb) Useful load: oes-op.flightglobal.500 kg[5] (lb) Max takeoff weight: 8000 kg (lb) Powerplant: 2× WZ-9 turboshaft[5]. report [show]v · d · ePLAAF/PLANAF helicopters   .htm.540 kg[5] (lb) Loaded weight: 7. PL-9 air-to-air missiles Avionics YH millimetre-wave fire-control radar YH-96 electronic warfare suite [edit] See also Comparable aircraft TAI/AgustaWestland T-129 AH-64 Apache AH-1Z Viper Denel AH-2 Rooivalk Eurocopter Tiger HAL Light Combat Helicopter Related lists List of helicopters [edit] References ^ http://www.85 m (ft) Empty weight: 5. ^ Z-10 Attack Helicopter . http://mil. Robert.15 m (ft) Rotor diameter: 90 mm multi-barrel unguided rocket pods Missiles: Up to 8 ATGM air-to-surface missiles Up to 8 TY-90 air-to-air missiles Up to 4 ^ a b c d e f g h i 欧美 家称中国武直10可媲美阿帕奇( )_新浪 事_新浪网 [edit] External links GlobalSecurity.qianlong.5 mm Gatling gun Hardpoints: 4 Rockets: 57 mm. "China’s Z-10 helicopter built on Western expertise".SinoDefence. Jane’s Defence Weekly. 13 April 2005 ^ "Jane s Helicopter Markets & Systems".org SinoDefence.400 m (ft) Rate of climb: over 12+ m/s[5] (ft/min) Armament Guns: 23 mm or 30 mm autocannon mounted on chin turret with grenade launchers.Data from jczs[5] General characteristics Crew: 2 Length: 14.0 m[5] (ft) Height: 3.

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Inc.. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia" Categories: PRC attack aircraft 1990-1999 Military helicopters Changhe aircraft Hidden categories: Articles needing additional references from May 2009 All articles needing additional references Personal tools Log in / create account Namespaces Article Discussion VariantsViews Read Edit View history ActionsSearch Navigation Main page Contents Featured content Current events Random article Donate to Wikipedia Interaction Help About Wikipedia Community portal Recent changes Contact Wikipedia Toolbox What links here Related changes Upload file Special pages Permanent link Cite this page Print/export Create a book Download as PDF Printable version Languages Deutsch Español Français Hrvatski Italiano Bahasa Melayu 日本語 Polski Română 中文 This page was last modified on 12 February 2011 at 19:01. additional terms may apply. a non-profit organization.* = Under development Italicized = Retired or cancelled List of Chinese aircraft Retrieved from "http://en. See Terms of Use for details.wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Contact us Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers ¡ ChangKong-1 .

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