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**the importance of window to viewport transformation
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2) Write all the steps to Implement the cohen- sutherland line clipping algorithm.

DOS:

Ans: The Cohen-Sutherland Line-Clipping Algorithm The more efficient Cohen-Sutherland Algorithm performs initial tests on a line to determine whether intersection calculations can be avoided. Steps for Cohen-Sutherland algorithm 1) End-points pairs are check for trivial acceptance or trivial rejected using the outcode.

2) If not trivial-accepance or trivial-rejected, divided into two segments at a clip

edge. 3) Iteratively clipped by testing trivial-acceptance or trivial-rejected, and divided into two segments until completely inside or trivial-rejected.

Trivial acceptance/reject test To perform trivial accept and reject tests, we extend the edges of the clip rectangle to divide the plane of the clip rectangle into nine regions. Each region is assigned a 4-bit code deteermined by where the region lies with respect to the outside halfplanes of the clip-rectangle edges. Each bit in the outcode is set to either 1 (true) or 0 (false); the 4 bits in the code correspond to the following conditions: * Bit 1 : outside halfplane of top edge, above top edge Y > Ymax * Bit 2 : outside halfplane of bottom edge, below bottom edge Y < Ymin

to the left of left edge X < Xmin 3) Can we say that like images. Existing shapes or text can be used or clip paths can be drawn around objects to pick them out of the background. Ans: Yes we say that images. justify your answer by taking an example text and perform clipping. A clip path is a drawing outline that can be combined with another image such as a bitmap. Import the photograph into 2D Design V2 Draw a clip path around the mini and mask the outside . or vector clip art. texts can also be clipped? If yes. and then vector artwork or text can be added. to the right of right edge X > Xmax * Bit 4 : outside halfplane of left edge. The image inside or outside of the outline can be masked or deleted. Any closed outline can be used as a clip path. texts also be clipped. Examples of Clipping: Graphic images can be built up by placing one clipped image over another. Clip paths can also be created from text allowing you to create some interesting fills.* Bit 3 : outside halfplane of right edge.

In what form exterior clipping can be useful? Illustrate using some examples? Draw diagrams to define pictorially? .Import the second photo and put the clipped photo and some text on top Part B: 4) Elaborate how Sutherland hodgeman is better then weiler Atherton polygon clipping algorithm. 5) Elaborate the various text clipping techniques used to clip a text by taking suitable example. 6) Differentiate between Interior clipping and Exterior clipping.

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