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Federal Aviation

Administration
Delivering

NextGen
Next Generation Air Transportation System

A System Engineering
Perspective

Ken Kepchar
Chief System Engineer
FAA NextGen Integration
09 November 2010 & Implementation Office
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System Engineering Challenges
Federal Aviation
Transforming the NAS to Serve Tomorrow
Administration
Without Disrupting the Quality We Enjoy Today

• The NAS Today


• Tour Challenge
• The Solution
• Strategy for Success
• Some Enterprise Tools

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NAS Today
Federal Aviation
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Federal Aviation
Problem Statement Administration

We enjoy the safest Air Traffic System in the World

However:
 It is approaching saturation
 It has limits in responding to today’s changing needs
 It is based on 1950’s Technology

Challenge:
 Transform the Air Traffic System to make it scalable
and flexible by injecting 21st Century Technology
WITHOUT disrupting the service quality and level of
safety enjoyed today

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NextGen is the Answer Federal Aviation
Administration

The Next Generation Air Transportation system, or NextGen, is a


complete transformation of the National Airspace System
• Enhanced Safety
• Increased Capacity and Efficiency
• Reduced Aviation’s Environmental Impact
It is the biggest change in the history of aviation and it will touch
every element of the aviation community

Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood has established NextGen


as a priority, describing the transformation of the national
airspace system as “important for the flying public.”

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NextGen – A Fundamental Change
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Today NextGen
Ground-based navigation Satellite-based navigation
and surveillance and surveillance
Air Traffic Control
Routine information sent digitally
communications by voice
Disconnected information
Networked information systems
systems
Disconnected Air Traffic
Air Traffic Management
“control”
Fragmented weather
Forecasts imbedded in decisions
forecasts
Airport operations limited Operations continue into lower
by visibility conditions visibility conditions

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What Does The System Look Like in 2018?
Federal Aviation
Administration

“Gate to Gate”

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NextGen Capabilities – Broad Ranging for Broad Benefits
Federal Aviation
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New Infrastructure & Procedures

Aircraft Air Traffic Control Airports

Increased
Efficiency, Safety, New Security Tools
New Safety Tools
Security, and
(SITS)
(e.g. ASIAS) Environmental
Performance

New Environmental
Tools
(e.g., CLEEN, Alt. Fuels)

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How Will NextGen Benefit Airports
Federal Aviation
• Increased Capacity Administration
– Precision-based navigation (RNAV and RNP)

• Improved Environmental Performance


– Optimal Profile Descent

• Increased Safety - Greater situational awareness


– Airport Surface Detection Equipment, Model X (ASDE-X)
– Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B)

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Increased Capacity - RNAV and RNP Federal Aviation
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Required Navigation Performance (RNP)
Federal Aviation
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• RNP is RNAV with the additional requirement of On


Board Performance Monitoring and Alerting

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Going Green - Optimal Profile Descent Arrivals
Federal Aviation
Administration
Also know as Continuous Descent Arrivals (CDA), these approaches
allow aircraft to descend with the shortest route at a minimum power
setting:

• Reduce noise impact on residential communities surrounding


airports
• Reduce fuel burn
• Decrease carbon emissions

• Recent demonstrations of oceanic tailored arrival procedures into


San Francisco, 1,000+ flights collectively:
• reduced CO2 emissions by 6.3 million lbs.
• reduced fuel use by 2 million lbs.

The demonstrations support the developing of procedures to


support wide range deployment of optimized arrival concepts.

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System Engineering Challenges
Surface Surveillance and Data Sharing
Federal Aviation
Administration
Surface data sharing for ASDE-X infrastructure underway for 2010

• Leverage installed ASDE-X infrastructure


• Will provide surface traffic data sharing
• Stepping stone for more robust
collaborative decision support tools

Benefits
• Delay reduction
• Reduced fuel burn and environmental
footprint
• Improved situational awareness and
decision making Leveraging demos at JFK and MEM
• Collaborative planning at airport

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ADS-B : The Perspective in the Cockpit
Federal Aviation
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ADS-B Deployment Is On Track For 2013 Completion
Federal Aviation
Administration
FY10-11 Coverage

ATC Services Broadcast


March 2010 Services
July 2010
ATC Services
Nov 2009
ADS-B
In-Trail ATC Services integrated with
Demo Sept 2009 ASDE-X In-Trail
ATC Services
Demo
Jan 2010

Broadcast
ATC Services Services
April 2010 Nov 2008

• ADS-B Out rule published May 27, 2010


• In Service Decision September 2010

Planned ADS-B Coverage Planned ADS-B Ground Stations

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NextGen Operations
The Strategy : Integrate, Integrate,
Federal Aviation
Integrate
Administration

Aircraft

Enablers
Cross-Cutting
Factors
• People
• Environmental Airspace • Procedures
• Safety • Technology
• Information • Data/Information
Security
• Economic
• International
ATC

D
o
m
Legend: a
Airports
Private Sector i
FAA (USG) n
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Tools to Make It Happen –
Federal Aviation
NextGen Implementation Plan
Administration
The new plan puts “a stake in
The FAA’s Implementation Plan is the the ground regarding the
operational capabilities we
result of cross-agency development believe we can deliver within
the next 10 years.”
Victoria Cox
It was developed by teams comprised Senior Vice President
NextGen and Operations Planning
from all FAA lines of business

It was vetted through the NextGen


Management Board whose members
represent all FAA lines of business

It was also vetted through RTCA to


ensure aviation community input

Annual update issued each March

Internal Counterpart for implementation


www.faa.gov/nextgen
execution

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FAA Response to RTCA Task Force Recommendations
Federal Aviation
Surface
Administration

 • Improved situational
awareness
• Consideration of equipage  • Shared surface data
incentives
• Streamlined procedures,
deployment & approvals
Overarching
Runway Access 
• Parallel runway
operations
• Converging runway
 Cross-Cutting
operations
• Data Comm
• Integrated ATM Metroplex

• Integrated airspace
& procedures
NAS Access Cruise
• LPV approaches 
• Low altitude services
• Special Activity Airspace

 • Time-based metering

• Addresses all Tier 1 recommendations


• All actions integrated into FAA plans (e.g. NextGen Implementation Plan) for execution
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IMS
Some Additional ToolsFederal Aviation NextGen
Administration
EA ERM

NextGen Integrated
Master Schedule (IMS)
A consolidated enterprise level schedule with
detailed project schedules including financial,
meta and relationship data that support
Operational Improvements (OI).

NextGen Enterprise Risk


Management (ERM)
Risk and Opportunity managed through the
same framework at the Enterprise level

NAS Enterprise
Architecture (EA)
The terminology, representation of components
of the NAS, and their relationships with the
external environment, and guiding principles
for the evolution of the enterprise.

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System Engineering Challenges
Tailoring Enterprise Risk Categories to NextGen
Federal Aviation
Program Health Business FactorsAdministration
(Solution Development) (NextGen Operation)

Programmatic NextGen (External)


Implementation Capabilities Acceptance

Schedule & Progress NextGen Performance Environment

Resources & Cost Enablers Harmonization

Technology
System Performance Social/Economic

Integration
Organization Equity
Operational
Considerations Stakeholder & User
Satisfaction

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http://nas-architecture.faa.gov
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NAS EA Roadmaps Capture the Evolution Strategy
Federal Aviation
Administration
Current
2008

NextGen
2025+
Airspace
Redesign

Procedures Technology

NextGen
Avionics Research

Rulemaking Certification

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Incremental Approach to Implementing NextGen
Produces Benefits and Builds a Foundation
Federal Aviation
Wake Turbulence Administration
RNAV/RNP Deconflict

RNAV/RNP Deconflict
RNP SAAAR
Approach with RF
ORD Arrival/
Departure Path
ORD ORD Departures
ORD

Surface Management
MDW MDW

Deconfliction
Arrival Path enabled via
to MDW curve path and
vertical profile.

GBAS
3D PAM
TOD
Path
Stretch
End

Meter Triangular Delay Paths in Center:


Fix Waypoint Insertion Using
Place-Bearing Distance (PBD)–
Cleared Using Voice

3D PAM Target Domain

RNAV/RNP Deconflict Surface Management


Surface Management
Tailored Arrivals
4-D FMS
•DFW
UAS

Staffed NextGen Tower ADS-B in the Gulf Tailored Arrivals

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Track NextGen Progress Using Our Interactive Maps
Federal Aviation
NextGen Demonstration Projects
RNAV T-Route Q-Route
Administration
RNP OPD LPV

SID STAR 2010 Coverage 2013 Coverage Key Sites

NextGen Demonstration Projects

Satellite Based
Navigation

NextGen Demos ADS-B

NextGen Demos

RNAV T-Route Q-Route RNP OPD LPV

2010 Coverage 2013 Coverage Key Sites


SID STAR 2010 Coverage 2013 Coverage Key Sites

NextGen Demonstration Projects

Satellite Based
Navigation

ADS-B ADS-B

NextGen Demos

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www.faa.gov/nextgen Administration
Federal Aviation
Administration

NextGen:
Revolutionary in concept
Incremental in Implementation
Transparent in Use

Questions?
Email: nextgen@faa.gov
For more details visit www.faa.gov/nextgen

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