630 would join Franco and Salazar in this conference, he stayed at home.

But if Hitler hopes to join hands with the Japanese, he must have absolute control of the Mediterranean, He must have Gibraltar and Suez. In furtherance of that strategy, Spain would be needed at once, for the offensive would have to be launched simultaneously against Gibraltar, through Spanish Morocco against French Morocco, and at Dakar to hold American help at bay. The elevation of Laval to power would seem to be in preparation for this move. There will be no revolt in Spain if the German army comes. Franco's generals admire Prussian militarism, The Falangists would welcome the crowd which put them on top. The people of Spain would oppose the invasion, but not in the manner of David's and Velarde's




revolt against the Napoleonic invader. In those days of street fighting and barricades, one rifle was as good as another. But such revolts today, with the tanks, planes, mortars and machine guns all on the other side, haven't a chance. The people of the Iberian Pe"' insula must wait for the arrival of Allied troops on peninsular soil. Until then, resistance can only be under cover—in the form of sabotage. Organizations for this purpose already exist, even within the ranks of the Falange. The people of the Iberian Peninsula—the Basques, the Catalans, the Spanish Republicans—were the first to fight the Axis. With help, they will fight againThey are friends of democracy and want it in their own countries, Euzkadi, Catalonia and Spain.

Race, Religion and Prejudice
A0AME CHIANG KAI-SHEK'S recent articles force us all to realize that one of the phases of this war which we have to face is the question of race discrimination. We have had a definite policy toward the Chinese and Japanese who wished to enter our country for many years, and I doubt very much if after this war is over we can differentiate among the peoples of Europe, the Near East and the Far East. Perhaps the simplest way of facing the problem in the future is to say that we are fighting for freedom, and that one of the freedoms we must establish is freedom from discrimination among the peoples of the world, either because of race, or of color, or of religion. The people of the world have suddenly begun to stir and they seem to feel that in the future we should look upon each other as fellow human beings, judged by our acts, by our abilities, by our development, and not by any less fundamental differences. Here in our own country we have any number of attitudes which have become habits and which constitute our approach to the Jewish people, the Japanese and Chinese people, the German people, the Italian people, and above all, to the Negro people in our midst. Perhaps because the Negroes are our largest minority, our attitude towards them will have to be faced first of all. I keep on repeating that the way to face this situation is by being completely realistic. We cannot force people to accept friends for whom they have no liking, but living in a democracy it is entirely reasonable to demand that every citizen of that democracy enjoy the fundamental rights of a citizen. Over and over again, I have stressed the rights of every dtizen:


Equality before the law. Equality of education, Equality to hold a job according to his abilityEquality of participation through the ballot in the government. These are inherent rights in a democracy, and I not see how we can fight this war and deny these ng to any citizen in our own land. The other relationships will gradually settle them* selves once these major things are part of our accepte philosophy. It seems trite to say to the Negro, you must have patience, when he has had patience so long} you n^^^ not expect miracles overnight, when he can look back to the years of slavery and say—how many nights! he ii^' waited for justice. Nevertheless, that is what we mus continue to say in the interests of our government as a whole and of the Negro peoplej but that does not mean that we must sit idle and do nothing. We must moving forward steadily, removing restrictions whi have no sense, and fighting prejudice. If we are wis we shall do this where it is easiest to do at first, an ^ watch it spread gradually to places where the old prej dices are slow to disappear. , There is now a great group of educated Negroes w can become leaders among their people, who can teaa them the value of things of the mind and who q asthebestinanyfieldof endeavor. With these ^^ women it is impossible to think of any barriers or feriority, but differences there are and always WiU j and that is why on both sides there must be tact patience and an effort at real understanding. AD everything else, no action must be taken which cause so much bitterness that the whole liberaliz effort may be set back over a period of many years.

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