You are on page 1of 5

Area Use Notes

Home Gamma rays emitting


radioactive Co-60 have been
used as a catalyst in the
manufacture of ethyl bromide
from ethylene and hydrogen
bromide.

The carbon radioactive


isotope C-15 has been used as
a tracer in studying
mechanisms involved in many
industrial processes like
alkylation, polymerization and
catalytic synthesis.

Read more: Use of Radioactive


Isotopes | eHow.com§
http://www.ehow.com/about_5
345094_use-radioactive-
isotopes.html#ixzz1FLOXQ0jM
§

Society have found many uses


for radioisotopes. Y-rays can
be used to penetrate deep
into weldings to detect faults.
Water can be made
radioactive by dissolving some
radioactive salt which contains
sodium-24. The beta particles
emitted are detectedd by a
GM tube. The alpha particles
from polonium-210 is used to
neutralize static charge in
photographic plates and other
materials.

Agriculture Radioactive P-32 has been ionising radiation from


used to find the exact ratio radioisotopes is also used to
between the amount of produce crops that are more
phosphorus taken up by a drought and disease resistant, as
plant from the soil and the well as crops with increased yield
amount taken from added or shorter growing time. This
phosphate fertilizer. Done by practice has been in place for
adding a quantity of several decades, and has helped
radioactive P-32 to phosphate feed some third-world countries.
fertilizer. The collection of crops that have
been modified with radiation
include wheat, sorghum, bananas
and beans.

Food cobalt-60, to irradiate food Raw foods are exposed to high


from potential threats and levels of gamma radiation which
hazards that exist within our kills bacteria and other harmful
food. It means that we simply organisms without affecting the
kill the bacteria that are on nutritional value of food itself or
the food. As an additional leaving any residue It is the only
thing, it allows us to store our means of killing bacterial
food for a longer amount of pathogens in raw and frozen
time, which is really useful for food. Of course, irradiation of
us. Some like potatoes and food does not make it radioactive
tomatoes, are irradiated in
order to slow down the
ripening time, allowing them
to reach their highest ripeness
when they arrive at the
supermarket

Read more:
http://scienceray.com/physics/
radioisotopes/#ixzz1FLVZLfKf§

Cobalt-60, to irradiate food


from potential threats and
hazards that exist within our
food, it means it can kill the
bacteria on food. Allows to
store food stuff for a longer
amount of time, which is really
useful. Some foods like
potatoes and tomatoes, are
irradiated in order to slow
down the ripening time, allow
them to reach their highest
ripeness when they arrive at
the supermarket.

Archaeology Carbon-14, Lead-210, and Archaeologists can use isotopes


Potassium-40 are used in for various things including
dating of rocks and historical dating artifacts, understanding
earth. Chlorine-36 and Tritium where artifacts come from (such
are used in measuring the age as what region animals were
of ground water up to millions raised in, or where resources
of years. In industry they are were mined) and reconstructing
used as fuel for nuclear past dietary habits.
reactors, in the manufacturing Archaeologists can use isotopes
of domestic smoke alarms, for various things including
tracing factory waste that may dating artifacts, understanding
cause pollution, and predicting where artifacts come from and
the behavior of heavy metals reconstructing past dietary habits
in water. Radiocarbon is produced in the
upper atmosphere after Nitrogen-
Read more: What Are 14 isotopes have been impacted
Radioactive Isotopes? | by cosmic radiation. Radiocarbon
eHow.com§ is then taken in by plants through
http://www.ehow.com/about_5 photosynthesis, and these plants
095610_radioactive- in turn are consumed by all the
isotopes.html#ixzz1FLb9geyK organisms on the planet.
§

Carbon-14, Lead-210, and


potassium-40 are used in
dating of rocks and historical
earth. Chlorine-36 and tritium
are used in measuring the age
of ground water up to millions
of years. Sodium-24 and
magnesium-27, are used to
locate leaks in water pipes,
while iridium-192 is used in
wire in radiography devices

Medical In medicine the use of In nuclear medicine, radioactive


radioactive isotopes or isotopes that have an attrition or
radioistopes is called nuclear affinity to specific body cells are
medicine and doctors who used to mark or map that area or
treat cancer with this to treat it. Certain radioactive
technology are called isotopes cling to cells in the
radiation oncologists. thyroid and give off energy

Read more at Suite101: What


are Medical Isotopes Used
For?: How Radioactive
Particles are Used in Nuclear
Medicine§
http://www.suite101.com/cont
ent/what-are-medical-
isoptopes-used-for-
a148742#ixzz1FLZ0Kb5J§

Technetium-99/technetium-
99m In medicine the use of
radioactive isotope is called
nuclear medicine and treat
cancer with this technology
are called radiation
oncologists. Some with low
radiation are used in safe
imaging scans and for
treatment of certain disease,
now allow isotopes to be focus
on the area of treatment
without damaging other cells
of the body

Industrial Gamma rays emitting Radioactive isotopes are used to


radioactive Co-60 have been determine the surface area of
used as a catalyst in the solids and the thickness of thin
manufacture of ethyl bromide films and sheets of paper, steel
from ethylene and hydrogen and rubber. Also used to test
bromide. wear and tear inside a car
engine., preventing the corrosion
The carbon radioactive of metals.
isotope C-15 has been used as
a tracer in studying
mechanisms involved in many
industrial processes like
alkylation, polymerization and
catalytic synthesis.

Read more: Use of Radioactive


Isotopes | eHow.com§
http://www.ehow.com/about_5
345094_use-radioactive-
isotopes.html#ixzz1FLOXQ0jM
§

Gamma rays emitting


radioactive Co-60 have been
used as a catalyst in the
manufacture of ethyl bromide
from ethylene and hydrogen
bromide

The carbon radioactive


isotope C-15 used as tracer in
mechanism in many industrial
processes like alklation,
polymerization

1 Radioactivity tracers are commonly used in the medical field and also in
the study of plants and animals.

2 Radiation is used and produced in nuclear reactors, which controls fission


reactions to produce energy and new substances from the fission products.

3 Radiation is also used to sterilize medical instruments and food.

4 Radiation is used by test personnel who monitor materials and processes


by nondestructive methods such as x-rays.