5 Basic Surveying with Leica GPS

Introduction

In this chapter we will explore how to create a job, setup a base receiver, and a rover receiver for RTK operations.

Overview

The following sections explore surveying with SurvCE and Leica System 500 GPS. Section 5.1 5.1.1 5.1.2 5.1.3 5.1.4 5.1.5 5.2 5.2.1 5.2.2 5.2.3 5.2.4 5.3 5.3.1 5.4 5.4.1 5.4.2 5.4.3 5.4.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 Topic Set up the GPS Receiver Creating a New Job Selecting a Receiver Radio Port & Message Type Configuring the Base Receiver Configuring the Rover Receiver Perform a Localization Localization Method 1 – One Known Local Point with Ground Scale Localization Method 2 – Multiple Known Points Localization Method 3 - State Plane with Known Base Station Localization Method 4 – State Plane with Known Rover Station GPS Status Indicators RTK Status Screens Basic RTK Data Capture Configure Data Collection Parameters Store RTK Points Store Offset Points Store Averaged Readings Point Stakeout Using Leica RTK GPS Moving the Base receiver in an RTK Survey Static & Rapid Static Surveys Continued on next page

Basic Surveying with Leica GPS

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Introduction, Continued

What you need to start

You will need a: • Leica System 530 GPS system; setup and ready to go. • Data collector with Carlson SurvCE loaded on it. • Cable (PN 560254) to connect the data collector to the GPS receiver. Note: Before beginning please ensure that the GPS receiver and data collector are connected but turned off. End of Introduction

5.1 Set up the GPS Receiver

5.1.1 Creating a New Job
Creating a new job
The following steps describe how to configure your GPS receiver (SR530) for RTK operations with SurvCE. • Turn the data collector on and double-click on the Carlson SurvCE icon. This will start the program. Step 1 Action When SurvCE starts, this screen appears. In this example we will create a new job. • Press the Select New/Existing Job button. Display

This will take you to the “Coordinate File” screen. Continued on next page

Basic Surveying with Leica GPS

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5.1 Set up the GPS Receiver, Continued

5.1.1 Creating a New Job, Continued
Step 2 Action In the “Coordinate File” screen: • Enter the name of the job in the “Name” field. The “Name” field is in the lower left-hand corner of the screen. In this example we have called the job “LeicaGPS”. • Press the OK button. Display

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This will take you to the “Job Settings” screen. In the “Job Settings” screen: • Press the Units tab. This takes you to the “Units” screen. You will not be able to change the units later. Make sure they are correct here. Select the units you wish to use for your project. Your choices are: • US Feet, • International Feet, or • Meters.

Continued on next page

Basic Surveying with Leica GPS

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5.1 Set up the GPS Receiver, Continued

5.1.1 Creating a New Job, Continued
Step 4 Action Continuing in the “Job Settings” screen: • Press the GPS tab. Select the State Plane Zone you will work in. If applying a Geoidal Model: • Check the “Apply Geoid 99” box. • Ensure all other buttons are checked as shown on the right. The software will now connect to the SR530 sensor and turn it on. • Press the OK button. This returns you to the SurvCE main menu screen. Display

For more information

See chapter 3 File Management for more information on setting job parameters. End of Creating a Job

Basic Surveying with Leica GPS

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5.1 Set up the GPS Receiver, Continued

5.1.2 Selecting a Receiver
Selecting a Receiver
Step 5 The following describes the steps necessary to select the Leica System 500 GPS receiver. Display

Action In the SurvCE main menu screen: • Press the Equip tab. This will take you to the “Equip” menu screen. • Press the 1 Instrument button.

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This takes you to the “Instrument” window. In the “Instrument” window: Here you may choose from a list of different GPS receivers. • Select Leica System 500 GPS as your instrument. • Press the OK button. This takes you to the “Communications Port Setup” screen. In the “Communications Port Setup” screen: • Verify the following parameters are set: • Port Number: COM1. • Baud Rate: 9600. • Parity: None. • Char Length: 8. • Stop bits: 1. • Press the OK button. This returns you to the “Equip” menu screen. End of Selecting a Receiver

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Basic Surveying with Leica GPS

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and select the RTK message type. Continued 5. There are two options: 1. • Message Type: . Display 2 This takes you to the “Leica System 500 Utilities” screen. • Press the 4 Receiver Utilities button. PDL (Pacific Crest) or 2. This takes you to the “Pacific Crest Channel” screen. Select the following: • Radio Port: . Continued on next page Basic Surveying with Leica GPS 6 .Leica.1 Set up the GPS Receiver. • Press the Set Radio Channel button. In the “Leica System 500 Utilities” screen: Select the radio type you are using.5.1. Note: The radio port parameters (baud rate. RFM96W (Pacific Crest). Step 1 Action From the SurvCE main menu: • Press the Equip tab. The display shows the default settings for the PDL (Pacific Crest) radio. etc) will change to the defaults for the type of radio selected. RTCM. the radio channel. Note: The radio channel must be set at both RTK base and rover instruments. or CMR. To set the radio channel.Port 1 or 3.3 Radio Port & Message Type Radio Port & Message Type Here you select the radio port.

End of Radio Port and Message Type Basic Surveying with Leica GPS 7 .1 Set up the GPS Receiver. This takes you back to the “Equip” menu screen.5.3 Radio Port & Message Type. • Press the OK button to accept the settings. Continued 5.1. Continued Step 3 Action In the “Pacific Crest Channel” screen: • Select an appropriate radio channel. • Press the Set Radio button. Display This takes you back to the ”Leica System 500 Utilities” screen.

Continued on next page Basic Surveying with Leica GPS 8 . It is important that it be setup in a good location. The base receiver will send its code and phase measurements (along with its position) to the rover receivers.1 Set up the GPS Receiver.48m for the antenna height. Use the following steps to configure the base receiver. • Press the 2 Configure Base button. Note: SurvCE automatically applies the 36cm offset for the Leica AT502 Tripod selection. The antenna height will be in the same units that you configured earlier. In the “Leica System 500 Base Setup” screen: • Enter the antenna height. Display Step 1 Action From the SurvCE main menu: • Press the Equip tab. Our next step is to setup the base receiver. 2 This will take you to the “Leica System 500 Base Setup” screen. started the SurvCE software.4 Configuring the Base Receiver Configuring the base receiver You have now connected the data collector.5. Note: You can actually enter meters if your job units are feet by entering 1. In this example we are setup on an AT502 Tripod. and selected Leica System 500 GPS as your instrument.1. Continued 5. • Select the Base Antenna type. It should be open to the satellites and high for good radio transmission.

2. In this example. The default value of 10° is used. Raw data for post-processing will be stored on the PC Card in the GPS receiver. • Press the OK button. Display 4 This will take you to the “Enter Lat/Lon” screen. In the “Base Configuration” screen: • Select the appropriate method to enter the base station coordinates.4 Configuring the Base Receiver. we will manually enter the base station coordinates. You have the option to collect raw data for post processing at the base station. If you do not need to collect raw data leave this box blank.1. This will take you to the “Base Configuration” screen.1 Set up the GPS Receiver. Continued 5. Notes: 1. Continued on next page Basic Surveying with Leica GPS 9 . Continued Step 3 Action Continuing in the “Leica System 500 Setup” screen: • Select the elevation mask. • Press the Enter Lat/Lon button. • To collect raw data: Check the “Log Static Data to PC Card” box.5.

Note: Do not enter a point number here unless you are choosing the point from a file with Latitude and Longitude coordinates. Continued on next page Display 6 Basic Surveying with Leica GPS 10 . Note: If you press the NO button. Continued 5. This will take you to the “Base Setup” screen. and • Press the YES button to accept the coordinates. • Ensure the “Ellipsoid” toggle button is checked.5.4 Configuring the Base Receiver. you will be returned to the screen display in STEP 4 above and you can choose another method to enter the base station coordinates.1.1 Set up the GPS Receiver. Longitude. Continued Step 5 Action In the “Enter Lat/Lon” screen: • Enter the Latitude. This takes you to the “Base Configuration” screen. • Press the OK button. In the “Base Configuration” screen: • Confirm the base station coordinates are correct. and Ellipsoid Height of the base station.

Press the OK button and you will be returned to the “Equip” menu screen.ref”. This file can be later loaded using option “Read From File” in Step 4 above.1 Set up the GPS Receiver. When you press the OK button in Step 7 above. The “. Display This returns you to the “Equip” menu screen.5. • Press the OK button. you will be prompted to save the base station information in a file. Continued Step 7 Action In the “Base Setup” screen: • Enter the reference (base) station name (ID). Continued 5.e. i. “Denver. Select Yes and name the file with the station name.1. Save the base station receiver position. End of Configuring the Base Receiver Basic Surveying with Leica GPS 11 .4 Configuring the Base Receiver.ref” extension will be added automatically if you do not specify it. You are now ready to configure the rover receiver.

The antenna height is typically 2. Note: Place a check mark in the “Log Baseline Data” box if you want to bring vectors into SKI-Pro for possible adjustment with other vectors.5.1. From the SurvCE main menu: • Press the Equip tab. 3 This will take you to the “Leica System 500 Rover Setup” screen.0m for a Leica fixed-height pole. Checking this box will cause the program to create a SKI ASCII format file.0m” (6. • Press the 3 Configure Rover button. In this example we are using the AT502 Pole.1.5 Configuring the Rover Receiver Configuring the rover receiver The base receiver should now be broadcasting its position and its carrier phase measurements (See section 5. Continued on next page Basic Surveying with Leica GPS 12 . Disconnect the data collector from the base receiver and connect it to the rover receiver and perform the following steps. • Select the Antenna type.1. Default value of 10° is used here. This file can be imported into SKI-Pro. Continued 5.5617ft) for the antenna height. • Enter an elevation mask. Note: You can actually enter meters if your job units are feet by entering “2. The height is measured to the bottom of the threaded antenna mount.1 Set up the GPS Receiver. • Press the OK button. In the “Leica System 500 Rover Setup” screen: • Enter the antenna height of the rover. This will take you back to the “Equip” menu screen.3 Radio Port and Message Type above.4 Configuring the Base Receiver). Display Step 1 2 Action Repeat steps 8-9 in the section 5.

Continued 5.5.1.5 Configuring the Rover Receiver Summary Your rover receiver should now be receiving data from the base and computing its WGS84 position.1 Set up the GPS Receiver. How to do this will be described in the next section. The next task we need to perform is to establish our frame of reference. End of configuring the rover receiver Basic Surveying with Leica GPS 13 .

The process of localization is the creation and application of this transformation data. 2. • Note: The geoid model field file is generated with the Carlson Software SurvCom. State Plane with known rover station.5. Multiple known local points. 4. Continued on next page Basic Surveying with Leica GPS 14 . In order to work in a grid coordinate system. 3. this WGS 84 position can be known from either a Single Point Position (SPP) at the base or from a current RTK rover position relative to the base. State Plane with known base station. and 4 above. which uses geoid data files that are provided by Carlson. you need to transform your GPS 3-D Cartesian coordinates into local grid coordinates. The instructions on how to create the geoid model field file are covered separately. A WGS 84 position for each of these known local points. What you need to start You need to have the following: • • One or more points with known local coordinates. One known local point with scaling to ground distance. 3. you also need to have a geoid model field file in the receiver. For methods 1. The four methods are as follows: 1.exe program. This section covers four different methods of applying a transformation to our GPS measurements. • Depending on the method you select to apply your transformation.2 Perform a Localization Introduction In this section we will explore four methods to localize our GPS measurements to a grid coordinate system.

• Press the OK button.2 Perform a Localization.1 Localization Method 1 – One Known Local Point with Ground Scale Localization Method 1 – One known local point with ground scale This localization is used on a small project where you have no known control points and you want to use ground distances. Display 2 This returns you to the SurvCE main menu screen. The localization is performed at the rover receiver. • Select the correct State Plane Zone for your area. Continued 5. This opens the “Job Settings” screen.5. • Select your “Geoid Separation File”. • Press the Job Settings button. This takes you to the “Units” screen. • Select “Transformation”. Step 1 Action From the SurvCE main menu screen: • Press the File tab.2. The image on the right displays the GPS screen. • Select your basis of bearing (generally use “State Plane Grid”). • Press the Units tab. • Press the GPS tab. Continued on next page Basic Surveying with Leica GPS 15 . In the “Units” screen: • Press the Read GPS button to read the scale factor.

2. Continued Step 3 Action In the SurvCE main menu screen: • Press the Equip tab. Load an existing localization parameter set. Save localization parameter set. Display 4 This will take you to the “GPS Localization” screen.2 Perform a Localization. This takes you to the “Local Coordinates” screen. In the “GPS Localization” screen: You now need to add the point that you are going to use in the localization. H. As you can see.5. • • • • Add Delete Edit On/Off Add a point to list. Edit a point’s values. • Load • View • Monitor • Save • Press the Add button to add a point. Switch between local and GPS coordinate format.1 Localization Method 1 – One Known Local Point with Ground Scale. Monitor current GPS position and status. there are buttons to select and control the points in the list. V. Delete a point from list. • Press the 5 Localization button. Continued 5. Select to use both. Continued on next page Basic Surveying with Leica GPS 16 . or none.

1 Localization Method 1 – One Known Local Point with Ground Scale. you can either • • Enter Coordinates or Use Point Number. Go to Step 6.2. If you select Enter Coordinates Use Point Number Then See Step 5a See Step 5b 5a) In the “Local Coordinates” screen: • Enter the local coordinates (use an accurate elevation) of the point and • Press the OK button.5. Continued on next page Basic Surveying with Leica GPS 17 . Continued 5. Continued Step 5 Action In the “Local Coordinates” screen: To add a local point. This takes you to the “GPS Coordinates” screen as seen in Step 6. Display Make your choice and • Press the OK button. This takes you to the “GPS Coordinates” screen. • Select a point and • Press the OK button. The button allows you select graphically from the screen plot.2 Perform a Localization. Or 5b) In the “Localization” Screen: • • The button allows you select from a list.

Continued 5. Continued Step 6 Action In the “GPS Coordinates” screen: In STEP 5. The default of “10” is an acceptable number.5. To get the point. In the “Localization” screen: • Enter a number of samples. This takes you to the “GPS Localization” screen as seen in STEP 7. • Press the OK button. If you select Read GPS Enter Latitude/Longitude Then See Step 6a See Step 6b Display 6a) If you selected the “Read GPS” option. you have selected your local point.2 Perform a Localization. Continued on next page Basic Surveying with Leica GPS 18 . • Press the OK button to read the position. you can either • Read GPS (use with RTK) or • Enter Latitude/Longitude (use when you have known points from previous GPS survey). • Make your selection and • Press the OK button.2. After viewing the averaged position. the “Localization” screen appears.1 Localization Method 1 – One Known Local Point with Ground Scale. You are now prompted for the GPS (WGS 84) position of the point.

Continued 5.5. Continued Step 6 Action Continuing Step 6: 6b) If you selected the “Enter Latitude/Longitude” option.2. • Press the Save button.DAT file. Note: Don’t forget to apply a geoid model in the File/Job Settings/GPS page and set the scale factor by the Read GPS button in the File/Job Settings/Units page before selecting your point. This takes you to the “GPS Localization” screen.2 Perform a Localization.1 Localization Method 1 – One Known Local Point with Ground Scale. it will be added to the localization list. • Press the OK button. We have completed Method 1. In the “GPS Localization” screen: Notice that when both the local and the GPS position have been entered for a point. the “Enter Lat/Lon” screen appears: • Enter the known WGS84 latitude. longitude and ellipsoidal height of the point. • Enter a name for the . Display 7 End of Localization Method 1 – One known local point with ground scale Basic Surveying with Leica GPS 19 .

Note: In this example you will localize to multiple known points. The transformation will orient and scale the GPS measurements to the existing system. It is highly recommended that these points lie at the edges of. • Press the 5 Localization button.2 Localization Method 2 – Multiple Known Points Localization Method 2 – Multiple known points This is the recommended method for working in a project that has existing local coordinates.2. The only requirement is to have several known points in the local system.5. It is also recommended to have 3 horizontal and 4 vertical control points so that residuals will be computed. Step 1 Action From the main SurvCE menu screen: • Press the Equip tab. Continued on next page Basic Surveying with Leica GPS 20 . or outside of the project limits. Display This will take you to the “GPS Localization” screen. Continued 5. Following the steps below you will perform a localization using known points.2 Perform a Localization.

Continued 5. This takes you to the “Local Coordinates” screen. Delete a point from list. Continued Step 2 Action In the “GPS Localization” screen: Now you must add the points that you are going to use in the localization. The following is a description of the buttons: • • • • Add Delete Edit On/Off Add a point to list. Monitor current GPS position and status. Save localization parameter set. Edit a point’s values. Load an existing localization parameter set. h. Display • Load • View • Monitor • Save • Press the Add button to add a point.2 Localization Method 2 – Multiple Known Points. v or none. Continued on next page Basic Surveying with Leica GPS 21 .2. Select to use both.5.2 Perform a Localization. Switch between local and GPS coordinate view.

If you select Enter Coordinates Use Point Number Then See Step 3a See Step 3b 3a) In the “Local Coordinates” screen: • Enter the local coordinates (use an accurate elevation) of the point and • Press the OK button. Continued 5. Or 3b) In the “Localization” Screen: • • The button allows you select from a list. Continued Step 3 Action In the “Local Coordinates” screen: To add a local point.2. • Select a point and • Press the OK button. you can either: • • Enter Coordinates or Use Point Number. Continued on next page Basic Surveying with Leica GPS 22 . The button allows you select graphically from the screen plot. This takes you to the “GPS Coordinates” screen as seen in Step 4.2 Perform a Localization. Display • Make your choice and • Press the OK button.5. This takes you to the “GPS Coordinates” screen. Go to Step 4.2 Localization Method 2 – Multiple Known Points.

2.2 Perform a Localization. • Review your entry and • Press the OK button. you can either • • Read GPS or Enter Latitude/Longitude Display • Make your selection and • Press the OK button. Continued on next page Basic Surveying with Leica GPS 23 .5. Continued Step 4 Action In the “GPS Coordinates” screen: Once you have selected your local point. you will be prompted for the GPS (WGS 84) position of the point. If you select Read GPS Enter Latitude/Longitude 4a) • Enter a number of data samples. 4b) • Enter the latitude. Continued 5. Then See Step 4a See Step 4b This takes you to the “GPS Localization” screen.2 Localization Method 2 – Multiple Known Points. To read and display the position: • Press the OK button. The default of “10” is fine. To get the point. longitude and ellipsoidal height of the point. After viewing the averaged position: • Press the OK button.

To change this to just horizontal. Select the appropriate known values of each point. or known horizontally and known vertically.2 Perform a Localization. Note: As each point is added.5. The default is 3-D. Horizontal residuals will remain zero until 3 points have been added and vertical residuals will remain zero until 4 points have been added.2 Localization Method 2 – Multiple Known Points. Continued Step 5 Action In the “GPS Localization” screen: When both the local and the GPS position have been entered for a point. the transformation is recalculated and the scale and average residuals are displayed just above the option buttons. • Remove both check marks to ignore the point in the transformation.2. The screen at the right will appear. just vertical. Display 6 Continuing in the “GPS Localization” screen: Repeat Steps 2-5 for each point that you are going to use in calculating the transformation. do the following: • Highlight the point you want to change in the GPS localization screen and press the On/Off button. or none for any point. it will be added to the localization list. Continued 5. • Remove the check mark for the value that is not known. Continued on next page 7 Basic Surveying with Leica GPS 24 .

DAT file. Remember: Transformations of this kind should be limited to about 10 kilometers (6 miles) square and your control points should be at the edges or outside of the limits of your project. translation and rotation parameters. Continued Step 8 Action When all the values are acceptable: • Press the Save button (From screen in Step 6). This takes you to the “Localization File” screen.2.2 Perform a Localization. Continued 5.2.2 Localization Method 2 – Multiple Known Points. End of 5. Note: This localization contains scale.2 Localization Method 2 – Multiple Known Points.5. Continued Display Basic Surveying with Leica GPS 25 . Elevations will be relative to a plane determined by the control point elevations. • Press the OK button. • Enter the name for the localization .

5. Display Continued on next page Basic Surveying with Leica GPS 26 . Then proceed as follows: Step 1 Action Continuing from Step 4 of the 5.2 Perform a Localization. making sure you select the proper State Plane Coordinate System.2. Setup the base receiver on the known State Plane monument and then follow the steps in the Configuring the Base Receiver section of this guide. and that you apply a geoid model. • Press the appropriate button to either enter Lat/Lon or enter State Plane Coordinates.1. Continued 5.4 Configuring the Base Receiver section (the screen displayed to the right).3 Localization Method 3 – State Plane with Known Base Station Localization Method 3 State Plane with known base station All you need is a known State Plane monument with good satellite visibility.

2 Perform a Localization. or • Enter the known State Plane coordinate. you can: • Press the NO button and • Re-enter your position.) Note: Enter a point number in the “Point From File” field only when selecting an existing point from a file.5. Continued 5. Or • Press the YES button to continue. Longitude and Ellipsoid Height. (As shown in the screens to the right.3 Localization Method 3 – State Plane with Known Base Station. Continued on next page Basic Surveying with Leica GPS 27 . Display 3 This takes you to the “Base Configuration” screen. If you miss-keyed a value.2. Continued Step 2 Action In the “Enter Lat/Lon” screen: • Enter the known Latitude. In the “Base Configuration” screen: The program will show your entered position and ask if you want to continue or not.

2. The important item is setting the correct known position for the base receiver. • • Display Latitude. East.3 Localization Method 3 – State Plane with Known Base Station. Continued 5. Continued Step 4 Action Continuing with the Base configuration.2 Perform a Localization. Elevation Note: Make sure you have selected “Apply Geoid 99” and set the correct State Plane zone in the File/Job Settings/GPS page.3 Localization Method 3 – State Plane with Known Base Station. End of 5. Continued Basic Surveying with Leica GPS 28 . 5 Follow the basic steps for configuring the rover receiver and the positions will be displayed in State Plane coordinates. Longitude. Ellipsoid Height North.5.2.

The only differences are as follows: Action In Step 2 of Method 1. Continued 5. the base receiver will be setup on an unknown point and the rover will occupy a known State Plane point to orient to the coordinate system. Instead: • Set the Scale Factor to 1. 3 Make sure the correct State Plane zone has been selected in the job settings. DO NOT press the Read GPS button in the File/Job Settings/Units page to read the scale factor. End of Localization Method 4 – State Plane With Known Rover Station Basic Surveying with Leica GPS 29 .5.4 Localization Method 4 – State Plane with Known Rover Station Localization Method 4 – State Plane with known rover station Step 1 In this localization. Display 2 In Step 5 of Method 1.2 Perform a Localization.2. This localization is almost exactly the same as Method 1. enter the known State Plane coordinates and orthometric height (elevation) of the control point.000000 in the File/Job Settings/Units page.

Overview The GPS Status Indicators are described in two parts. 5. • HRMS & VRMS values are displayed at bottom of the screen.1 RTK Status Screens FIX Status and Accuracy Indicators Step 1 The RTK survey screens will display text indicating whether the system is in FIX or FLOAT mode. button for more • Press the TEXT button (at top left of screen). Note: Press the information. 2. Coordinate information is also available. This takes you to the “STORE PNTS” screen.3 GPS Status Indicators Introduction This section contains information regarding the GPS Status indicators in SurvCE. Depending on the particular screen display.3.1 RTK Status Screens. and number of satellites. • Monitor/Skyplot – Satellite Info. • Reference Position and Radio Link Status. additional information may include: position RMS values. 5. • FIX Status and Accuracy Indicators. • The FIX status is generally displayed at top and bottom of the screen.3. DOP values.2 Monitor Satellite Status. Display Action In the Survey screen: The RTK FIX status and accuracy indicators are displayed as shown. 1. 5.5.3. Continued on next page Basic Surveying with Leica GPS 30 .

1 RTK Status Screens. Continued 5.5. 3 The “Monitor” screen also displays grid coordinates: • Local coordinates: if working with a localization (local transformation). Display Note: More information is available by pressing the MONITOR/SKYPLOT button.3. Continued Step 2 Action In the “STORE PNTS” screen: The “TEXT” view screen displays several additional status indicators: • • PDOP and Number of satellites. or by pressing the in Step 1. In the “Monitor/Skyplot” screen: The Monitor tab is available by pressing the Monitor/Skyplot button in Step 2 above. Continued on next page Basic Surveying with Leica GPS 31 . • Press the MONITOR/SKYPLOT button.3 GPS Status Indicators. This takes you to the “Monitor/Skyplot” screen. • Approximate State Plane coordinates: if no localization.

This information is available in the Monitor/Skyplot “Ref“ screen.5. End of Reference Position & Radio Link Status Basic Surveying with Leica GPS 32 . • Geoid Separation & Orthometric Height if working with a geoid model.1 RTK Status Screens. Status of the radio link is also available.3. Also displayed is information regarding status of the radio link: • Age of last received radio message. Continued 5. • State Plane North & East. Display Reference Position & Radio Link Status Step 5 The point ID and coordinates of the RTK reference station are broadcast to the RTK rover.3. Continued Step 4 Action The “Lat/Lon” screen displays: • Latitude & Longitude. Display Action The “REF” screen displays the reference station position information: • Reference station coordinates.1 RTK Status Screens. • Percent of radio messages received. • Antenna Height at the reference station. Continued. • Local Elevation if working with a localization. • Ellipsoidal Height.

This screen displays a table with satellite azimuth and elevation. Continued. End of Monitor/Skyplot – Satellite Info Basic Surveying with Leica GPS 33 . Action The “Monitor/Skyplot” screen can also be accessed via the main “Equip” menu.3. Note: The asterisk by the satellite in the picture at the right and in the list in the picture below indicates that this satellite is being tracked. Display This takes you to the “Monitor/Skyplot” screen. 2 In the “Monitor/Skyplot” screen: • Press the SATView tab.2 Monitor/Skyplot – Satellite Info Monitor/Skyplot – Satellite Info Step 1 There are two screens that display satellite information. • Press the Monitor/Skyplot button. 3 From the “Monitor/Skyplot” screen: • Press the SATInfo tab.1 RTK Status Screens. Continued 5. This screen shows a graphical chart of the satellites in view.3.5.

2.5. • RTK Survey and Topo. 5. Display Action From the SurvCE main menu: • • Press the File tab. • Averaged Points. Press the 4 Configure Reading button. Overview The RTK Data Capture options are described in four parts: 1. Store Offset Points. Continued on next page Basic Surveying with Leica GPS 34 .4. 3. Store RTK Points. Store Averaged Readings.4 Basic RTK Data Capture Introduction The section will introduce the options for basic RTK data collection using Carlson SurvCE with GPS. 4. This takes you to the “Configure Reading” screen. and the tolerance values for warning messages when storing surveyed points. Configuration of Data Collection Parameters. These parameters include the selection of prompts for rod height and descriptors. • Point Offsets. • Measurement Options and Tolerances.1 Configure Data Collection Parameters Measurement Options and Tolerances Step 1 This section describes the options for configuring data collection parameters.

• Select a prompt for Antenna height and descriptor when storing surveyed points (optional). • Select the “Store Fixed Only” check box. “Store Fixed Only” will generate a warning message when attempting to store RTK points when the solution is not fixed. • Press the 7 Tolerances button.4. Notes: 1. The prompt for Hgt/Desc will cause the software to prompt for the antenna height and descriptor before storing each point. Display This takes you to the “Tolerances” screen. Continued Step 2 Action In the “Configure Reading” screen: • Set the number of readings to average for storing stakeout points.4 Basic RTK Data Capture. Continued 5. • Press the OK button to accept these selections.5. Continued on next page Basic Surveying with Leica GPS 35 .1 Configure Data Collection Parameters. 2. This returns you to the SurvCE main menu. 3 In the SurvCE main menu: • Press the Equip tab.

1 Configure Data Collection Parameters. Display Note: Attempting to store a point when exceeding these tolerance values will generate a warning message on the screen.1 Configure Data Collection Parameters. Continued 5. Stakeout Tolerance.4. VRMS Tolerance. Continued.5.4. End of Configure Data Collection Parameters Basic Surveying with Leica GPS 36 . Continued Step 4 Action In the “Tolerances” screen: Set the following: • • • HRMS Tolerance.

4. Continued 5. Press the 1 Store Points button to access the main data collection and topo survey screen. the point will be automatically stored (with the values from the previous screen).2 Store RTK Points RTK Survey & TOPO Step 1 The Store Points routine is used for general data collection and topographic surveys. 3 Note: For an explanation of the RTK Accuracy and Status indicators. If the “Prompt for Hgt/Desc. Otherwise.3 GPS Status Indicators in this chapter. to survey a point. see section 5.1 Configure Data Collection Parameters. Display Action From the SurvCE main menu: • • Press the Surv tab. Continued on next page Basic Surveying with Leica GPS 37 . • • Enter the required info and Press the OK button. or press the ENTER key on the keyboard. 2 This takes you to the “STORE PNTS” screen. From the “STORE PNTS” screen: • Press the button.4.” is active: You will see a separate box with prompts for “Target Height” and “Point Description”. Continued.5.

4. press the ALT and L keys on the keypad. Continued Step 4 Action After the point is stored. Continued 5. In the “Select Code” screen: The code list displayed in the “Select Code” page lists all of the available codes and describes whether they are point or line codes (2D or 3D).2 Store RTK Points.4. you will be returned to the “STORE PNTS” screen. This option is available from within any of the survey display screens.1 Configure Data Collection Parameters. Display 5 Note: For a complete list of the Descriptors (Codes). This takes you to the “Select Code” screen. End of Store RTK Points Basic Surveying with Leica GPS 38 . Continued. Note that the previously surveyed point appears in the graphical view.5.

2 In the “GPS Offset” screen • Enter the: • Offset Distance. Continued. Descriptor. ID. In the “STORE PNTS” screen: The surveyed offset point appears in the graphical display. Continued 5. • Press the OK button to store the offset point coordinates. 3 Note: All values are measured from the GPS rover pole. • Vertical Offset. and Rod Ht.4. • Press the button. • Offset Azimuth. This takes you to the “GPS Offset” screen.1 Configure Data Collection Parameters. Display Action To survey offsets from the “STORE PNTS” screen: • Enter the Pt.5. This may be due to satellite obstructions. etc.3 Store Offset Points Point Offsets Step 1 The point-offset routine allows you to survey the position of a point that is not accessible by GPS.4. End of Store Offsets Points Basic Surveying with Leica GPS 39 .

Press the OK button. Display Step 1 Action To average a number of RTK epochs. and averaged coordinate values are displayed. Also displayed are the standard deviations of the coordinate values. End of Store Average Readings Basic Surveying with Leica GPS 40 . 3 This takes you to the “Average Results” screen.1 Configure Data Collection Parameters.5. In the “Average Results” screen: The minimum. In the “Average GPS” screen: • • Enter the number of measurement readings for the averaged coordinate. This technique can also be used to average out the wobble in the antenna pole when no bipod is available.4. 2 This takes you to the “Average GPS” screen.4. • Press the OK button to store these results.4 Store Averaged Readings Averaged Points The Averaged Point option is used when surveying a point that requires better accuracy than a standard “topo” shot. Continued 5. maximum. Continued. in the “STORE PNTS” screen: • Press the button.

you can modify its contents by pressing the Set Pt Cutsheet Format button. Note: If you create a cutsheet. What you will need You need to have the following in order to perform a point stakeout: • • A list of the coordinates of the known points to stakeout. Continued on next page Basic Surveying with Leica GPS 41 .5. This will take you to the “Job Settings” screen. perform the following steps after you have setup and localized your RTK system to the coordinate system of the stakeout points: Display Action In the SurvCE main menu screen: • Press the File Tab. In the “Job Settings” screen: • Check the “Store Carlson Cutsheet Data in Note File” box if you want to save a copy of the cutsheet in the Note file. setup and localized to the coordinate system of the stakeout points. • Press the Stakeout tab. Point Stakeout with RTK Step 1 To stakeout a point with RTK. More advanced stakeout is covered in chapter 8 Advanced Stakeout Features. This takes you to the “Settings” screen. Your RTK system. • Press the Set Pt Cutsheet Format button.5 Point Stakeout Using Leica RTK GPS Introduction This section will deal with basic point stakeout using Leica RTK GPS. • Press the 2 Job Settings button.

Store settings in a file. Load saved file. When finished with selecting settings: • Press the OK button to accept changes. • Enter a file name. Turn Item On/OFF. • Press the OK button to create the file. Continued on next page Basic Surveying with Leica GPS 42 . Names of Labels. you can modify: • • • • • Order of the Items.5 Point Stakeout Using Leica RTK GPS. Continued Step 2 Action In the “Settings” screen: If you pressed the Set Pt Cutsheet Format button. Display Note: To create a separate cutsheet text file: • Press the Select File button. This returns you to the SurvCE main menu screen.5. This takes you back to the “Job Settings” screen. This returns you to the “Settings” screen • Check the box next to “Store Pt Cutsheet File”. • Press the OK button.

• Press the 2 Stakeout Points button. Continued Step 3 Action In the SurvCE main menu screen: • Press the SURV tab.5 Point Stakeout Using Leica RTK GPS. From the graphics screen using the button. 4 In the “Stakeout Points” screen: Select the point you want to stakeout.5. we have selected point “2” from a list and the known values have been automatically entered in the coordinate fields. You have two choices for selecting points: 1. or 2. From a points list using the button. 5 In this example. Display This takes you to the “Stakeout Points” screen. • Press the OK button to accept the point. This takes you to the “STK POINTS” (graphic stakeout) screen. Continued on next page Basic Surveying with Leica GPS 43 .

This takes you to the “Stakeout Report” screen.5. Press Yes Proceed to Step 8.5 Point Stakeout Using Leica RTK GPS. Press No The point will not be stored and you will be returned to the “STK POINTS” screen. Continued on next page Basic Surveying with Leica GPS 44 . To select the next point to stakeout: • Press the 7 button. To store the staked out point: • Press the Display button. Continued Step 6 Action In the “STK POINTS” screen: Using the information provided by the “STK POINTS” screen. Continuing in the “STK POINTS” screen: If you pressed the button and the difference between the stake point and the position of the rod is outside your set tolerances. the screen to the right will be displayed. navigate to the point.

End of Point Stakeout using Leica RTK GPS Basic Surveying with Leica GPS 45 . If you want the point stored as staked: • Check the box next to “Store Point”. Press Cancel The point will not be stored and you will be returned to the “STK POINTS” screen. Display Press OK The point will be stored if you checked the box.5. Continued Step 8 Action In the “Stakeout Report” screen: The coordinates of the staked point and the target or design point along with the delta distances are displayed.5 Point Stakeout Using Leica RTK GPS. and you will be returned to the “STK POINTS” screen.

State Plane system Step 1 2 Action Move the base to the new State Plane point and set it up and follow the steps in section 5. and Ellipsoid Height relative to the original base point. you can select its position from the point list. Enter the known State Plane coordinate and Orthometric Height. you can select its position from the point list. Setup the rover following the steps in 5.5 Configuring the Rover Receiver section and load the appropriate localization .1. Follow the steps in 5.4 Configuring the Base Receiver.1. This section will describe what you need to do to accomplish this.5.4 Configuring the Base Receiver. End of Moving the Base Receiver in an RTK Survey 2 3 4 Basic Surveying with Leica GPS 46 . If the point exists in the job already.1.DAT file for the local transformation.6 Moving the Base Receiver in an RTK Survey Introduction It may be necessary to move the base receiver in an RTK project. either in a State Plane system or in a local transformation. Enter the correct new antenna height. Enter the correct new antenna height. Enter the known WGS 84 Latitude. Longitude. If the point exists in the job already. Longitude. and Ellipsoid Height. 3 Local Transformation system Step 1 Action Move the base to a point that is known relative to the original base point in the transformation. or the WGS 84 Latitude.

Display 2 In the “Leica System 500 GPS” screen: • Press the Start Job button. you also have the capability to record raw data in the receiver for post-processing. This job is separate from the SurvCE job on the data collector. Open/Create a Job on the PC Card Raw GPS data (for post-processing) is stored on the PCMCIA card in the GPS receiver. This section describes the process of setting up a receiver to store data for static or rapid static operations. Step 1 Action From the SurvCE main menu: • • Press the Surv tab. All job files are stored on the PC Card in the GPS receiver. The “Job Manager” brings up a list of existing jobs. Therefore. Note: For this application. LEICA System 500 GPS Job: None Start Job Notes: 1. and to start and stop the data collection. to configure the data collection parameters. etc. the SurvCE data collector is only used to control the GPS receiver.5. Job Manager Job Files are stored on the PC Card in the GPS Receiver Continued on next page Basic Surveying with Leica GPS 47 . However. This allows you to delete a job.7 Static & Rapid Static Surveys Introduction SurvCE will normally be used in RTK surveys. 2. a job must be created on the PC Card. Press the 7 Log Static Data button.

00 Change Ant. • Press the OK button. • Recording Interval. Job: Myjob …………………. Elevation Mask: 15 Antenna Height: 5. Antenna Type: AT502 Tripod Interval: 5. Job Name: OK New Existing CANCEL NewJob OldJob Select the following: • Elevation Mask.0 Seconds 5 In the “Static Survey” screen: LEICA System 500 Static Survey • Press the Start Point Logging tab to start logging raw data at a point. Display SurvCE Getting the list of existing jobs takes about 30 seconds.. Start Point Logging Close Job Job Manager Job Files are stored on the PC Card in the GPS Receiver Continued on next page Basic Surveying with Leica GPS 48 . or just wish to see the list. Press the NO button if you intend to create a new job. Continued Step 3 Action In the next screen: • Press the YES button if you want to select an existing job to log data. • Antenna Height & Type.5. Would you like to get the list of existing jobs? YES NO • 4 In the “Start New Job” screen: Start New Job • Create a new job or select an existing job.7 Static & Rapid Static Surveys.

The Monitor/Skyplot tab will access the GPS status displays. Logging Notes: 1. Choose “Stop Logging” = “Manually” Display OK Cancel Free Memory on PC Card: 6908 Bytes Note: You have a second chance to change the antenna height & type. the software will display a warning as shown. Site Duration: 00:06:05 Antenna Height: 5. 2. 8 If you press the Exit-Continue Logging tab.5. The Stop Pt. YES NO Continued on next page Basic Surveying with Leica GPS 49 . SurvCE Exit Program? Data logging will continue.00 Change Antenna Interval: 5. Job: Myjob Site Name PT100 Antenna Type: AT502 Tripod Antenna Height: 5. Antenna Height & Type. Logging Exit–Cont. • • Press the YES button to exit and disconnect the data collector.7 Static & Rapid Static Surveys.00 ft Antenna Type: AT502 Tripod Monitor/Skyplot Stop Pt. Logging tab will end the logging session. Press the Exit-Continue Logging tab to disconnect the data collector while continuing the data logging on the GPS receiver. Press the NO button to abort and continue logging data.0 Seconds Stop Logging: Manually After xx minutes 7 The “Recording Site” screen displays the: Recording Site “PT100” • • • Site Duration (time since start of data logging”. Continued Step 6 Action In the “Tag New Site” screen: Tag New Site • • Enter the Site Name (Point ID).

Note: The screen will display the message “<<<< Continuing Site >>>>”. Press the 7 Log Static Data button.00 ft Antenna Type: AT502 Tripod Monitor/Skyplot Stop Pt. • Press the NO button to stop logging data at the current point. SurvCE Continue Logging Job: Myjob ? YES NO 11 SurvCE Continue recording site: PT100 ? YES NO 12 Recording Site “PT100” Site Duration: 00:00:05 <<<<Continuing Site >>>> Antenna Height: 5. From the SurvCE main menu: • • Press the Surv tab. • Press the Stop Pt. • Press the YES button to continue logging to the active job on the GPS receiver. Display 10 The software will display a message as shown. Logging button to end recording of data. the following screen will be displayed: The “Site Duration” is not a true reflection of the time the data has been recording. it is the time since you reconnected. • Press the NO button to end the active job on the GPS receiver. If you choose YES in the above step. Logging Step 9 Action After re-connecting the data collector to the GPS receiver. Continued Reconnect to GPS Receiver – Cont.5. Logging Exit–Cont.7 Static & Rapid Static Surveys. If you choose to continue the active job in the previous screen: • Press the YES button to continue logging data at the current point. Logging Continued on next page Basic Surveying with Leica GPS 50 .

Continued Stop Logging – Close Job Step 13 Action To stop logging data at the current point: SurvCE • Press the YES button.7 Static & Rapid Static Surveys. Stop Logging data for this point? YES NO Display 14 You will be prompted with the current Antenna Height and Type settings. • • Press the YES button to accept.5. SurvCE Current Antenna Settings: Antenna Height: 5. End of Static and Rapid Static Surveys Basic Surveying with Leica GPS 51 .00 Antenna Type: AT502 Tripod Use these settings? YES NO This ends the static survey session. Press the NO button to change the values.

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