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tUm. BÀ. eoem-tZhn Fw.-F. (a-e.), Fw.-F. (kw-kvIr-Xw) ]n. F¨v. Un. (Cw-¥o-jv)

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108 UPANISHATHUKAL
(Malayalam)

Compiled by: V. Balakrishnan and Dr. R. Leeladevi

108 UPANISHATHUKAL by V Balakrishnan and R Leeladevi is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

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D]-\n-j¯p-IÄ thZ-§-fpsS Ah-km-\amWv AXpsIm­v thZm-´-kwÚ \ÂIn-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. D]-\n-j-¯pIÄ AkvXn-hm-c-am-Wv. `mc-X¯n ]n¶o-Sp-­mb XXzim-kv{X-§fpw aX-§fpw AXns\ B{i-bn¨p \n¡p-¶p. D]-\n-j¯p-Ifnse Imhy-{]-Xn-`bv¡pw DbÀ¶ BZÀi§Ä¡pw thZ-kq-à-§-fnepw IÀ½-kw-ln-X-I-fnepw XXzhn-Nm-c-t¯-¡mÄ A[n-I-ambn aX-s¯-¸änbpw IÀ½m-\pjvTm-\-§-sf-¸-än-bp-amWv {]Xn-]m-Zn-¨n«p-Å-Xv. D]-\n-j-¯pI-fn-e m-Is« kwln-X -I -fnse ]pcm-W -I -Y -I -s f-¡m-fpw, {_mÒ-W-§-fnse AXn-kq-£a§-fmb XÀ¡-hn-XÀ¡-§v sf-¡m-fpw, Bc-Wy-I-§-fn {]Xn-]m-Zn¨ tZhXm imkv{Xt¯-¡mfpw DbÀ¶ hnNm-c§Ä ImWmw. D]-\n-j-¯p-IfpsS e£yw {][m-\-ambn PnÚm-kp-¡-fmb a\p-jym-ßm¡Ä¡v im´nbpw kzX{´yhpw \ÂIp-Ibm-Wv. B[ymßnI {]iv\-§Ä¡pÅ ]co-£-Wm-ß-Iamb ]cn-lmcw tNmtZym-¯-c-cq-]¯nepw hmZ-{]-Xn-]m-Zambpw \ÂIn-bn-cn¡p-¶p. Ah ]c-ak-Xy-¯nsâ icn-bmb kz`mhw {Klnbv¡m³ th­n am\h a\-Ên-\p-­m-Ip¶ hy{K-X-tb-bpwAXp t\Sm³th­n sN¿p¶ ITn\ ]cn-{i-a-t¯bpw {]IS-am-¡p-¶p. D]-\n-j¯p-IÄ {Ia-_-²amb Hcp XXz-imkv{X-¯nsâ cq]-¯n-ep-Å-h-bÃ; Ah-sbÃmw Hscmä {KÙIm-csâ IrXn-I-fÃ. Ah-bpsS \nÀ½m-WIm-ehpw H¶-Ã. -

{]mNo-\-§-fm-W.v AtX kabw tIt\m-]-\n-j-¯nse 1þ13 a{´-§fpw _rl-Zm-cWyI-¯nse 8 apX 21 hsc a{´§fpw D]-\n-j¯p-IÄ Otµm-_-²-ambn amdp¶ kw{I-aW- Im- e-¯p-­m-b- h-bm-Wv. Ah ]n¶oSp tNÀ¯-Xm-sW¶p tXm¶pw. ItTm-]-\n-j¯v ]n¶o-Sp-­m-b-XmWv. AXn kmwJy-X-Xz- §fpw tbmKkn²m- ´-§fpw \ap¡p ImWm³ Ign-bpw. AXn aäp-]\n-j-¯p-IfnÂ\n¶pw `K-hZvKo-XbnÂ\n¶pw [mcmfw D²c-W-§-fp-­v. {]tXyI amÀ¤-§fnÂs]« D]-\n-j-¯p-IÄ¡v ap¼pÅ D]-\n-j-¯p-I-fn amÞqIyw Gähpw \ho-\am-Wv. AYÀÆ-th-Zo-b-§-fmb D]-\n-j-¯p-Ifpw ]n¶o-Sp-­m-b-h-bm-Wv. ssa{Xm-bWn D]\n-j -¯n kmwJy-ZÀi-\-¯n-tebpw tbmK-ZÀi-\ -¯ntebpw XXz-§Ä ImWmw. hnhn-[-§-fmb ZmÀi-\n-I-kn²m-´-§Ä Xg¨p hfÀ¶p-h-cp¶ Ime-¯mWv tiXm-iztcm-]\n-j¯nsâ cN-\. k\m-X\ ZmÀi-\n-I-{K-Ù-§-fpsS ]mcn-`m-jn-I -i-_vZ-§Ä Adn-bm-am-bn-cp-¶p. F¶-Xn\p km£yw hln-¡p¶ [mcmfw kµÀ`-§Ä CXn ImWmw. Ah-bnse {]m[m-\kn-²m-´-§tfbpw CXn hni-Zo-Icn¨n-«p-­v. BkvXn-Iy-ho-£-W¯n-eqsS thZm-´w, kmwJyw, tbmKw Cu aq¶p ZÀi-\§-fp-tSbpw ka-\zbw km[n¡emWv Cu D]-\n-j¯n-sâ Bi-b-sa¶p tXm¶pw. BZyIm-es¯ KZym-ß- I-amb D]-\n-j-¯p-I- fn IqSp-X hnip²-IÂ]-\I-fm-Wp-Å-X.v ]n¡m-es¯ D]-\n-j-¯p-I-fnD]-\n-j-¯p-I-fpsS kwJybpw cN-\m-Im-ehpw em-Is« aX-]-c-amb ]qPm-\p-jvTm-\-§fpw `àn-`m-h-\bpw D]-\n-j¯p-Ifn s]mXp-hn 108 BsW¶p IW- DÄs¡m-Å n-¨n-cn¡p-¶p. D]-\n-j-¯p- I-fnse ZmÀi-\n-I-X¡m-¡n-h-cp-¶p. Ah-bn im¦-c-`m-jy-apÅ ]s¯-®-amWv Xz-§sf {]Xn-]m- Zn¡m³ _u²-Im- e- ¯n\p tij- apÅ D]apJyw. Ch Gähpw {]mam-Wn-I-§fpw ]pcm-X\§-fp-am- \n-j-¯p-I-tfbpw kzoI-cn-¡mw. \½psS Dt±iyw km[n- Wv. Ah-bpsS \nÀ½m-W-Im-ean-¶sX¶p IrXy-ambn ]d- ¡m-s\-Sp-¡p¶ D]-\n-j¯p-IÄ OmtµmKyw, _rl-Zm-cbm³ \ap¡p Ign-bn-Ã. Ah-bn Gähpw ]g-¡ap-ÅXp WyIw, ssX¯-ncobw, sFX-tcbw, Iujo-X-In, tI\w _u²-Im-e-¯n\pw ap¼p-­m-b-XmWv; NneXv _p²-\p-ti- F¶n-h-bm-Wv. Cutim-]-\n-j¯pw amÞq-Iyhpw AXn\p jhpw Ah cNn-¨Xv thZ-kq-à-§-fpsS \nÀ½mWw kam- tijta hcp-¶pÅp. ]n-¨Xn-\p-ti-jhpw _p²-aX-¯nsâ BhnÀ`m-h-¯n\p D]-\n-j-¯p-IÄ c-Nn¨ alm-·m-cmb Nn´-I·m-cpsS ap¼pÅ CS-¡m-e¯v AXm-bXv {In. ap. Bdmw \qämam­n- Ncn{Xw AXm-Xv B-fp-I-fpsS {][m-\-amb kw`m-h-\Isf ep-am-sW¶p hcmw. BZn-tam-]-\n-j¯p-I-fpsS \nÀ½m-W- hÀ®n-¨p-sIm-s­-gp-Xp¶ ]£w IÂ]nX\m-a-§-sfm-gnImew {In. ap. 1000-þ-am­p apX _n. kn. 300-þ-am-­p-h-sc- ¨mÂ, alo-Zm-k³, sFX-tc-b³, sscIz³, imWvUn-ey³, bm-s W¶v IW-¡m-¡-s¸-«n-cn¡p-¶p. im¦-c-`mjyapÅ kXy-Im-aPm-_m-e³, ssPh-en, D±m-e-I³, tizX tIXp, ]pXnb D]-\n-j¯p-IÄ _p²\p tijw cNn-¨hbm-Wv. `c-Zzm-P³, KmÀKym-b-W³, {]XÀ±-\³, _mem-In, APmX - Ah-bpsS Imew {In. ap. kpamÀ \m\qtdm a¶qtdm BWv. i{Xp, hcp-W³, bmÚ-hÂIy³, KmÀ¤n, ssat{Xbn {]mNo-\-§-fmb D]-\n-j-¯p-IÄ KZy-¯n-em-W.v Chbv¡v F¶o t]cp-IÄ ap³]-´n-bn hcpw. {]tXyI amÀ¤-§tfm k{¼-Zm-b-§tfm CÃ. sFX-tc-bw, Iujo-XIn, ssX¯ncobw, Omtµm-Kyw, _rl-Zm-c-WyIw D]-\ n-j-¯p-I-fn NÀ¨ D]-\n- j-¯p-I-fnse apJy- {]- Xn- ]mZyw ZÀi-\-im-kv{X-¯nChbv¡p ]pdta "tI\' D]-\n-j-¯nse Ip-d¨p `mK-§fpw

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I sâ ASn-Øm-\-{]iv\w Xs¶-bmWv; kXyw GXm-sW¶
At\z-jWw Xs¶. hkvXp-¡-tfmSpw Ah-bpsS KuWIm-c-W§-tfm-Sp-apÅ AXr]vXn Nne tNmZy-§-fp-¶-bn-¡p¶p. tizXm-iz-X-tcm-]\n-j-¯nsâ Bcw-`-¯n \mw Ah ImWp-¶p-­v. ""\mw Fhn-sS-\n-¶p-­m-bn. \mw FhnsS Pohn¡p-¶p. \mw FhnsS t]mIp-¶p. AÃtbm {_Ò-th-Zn-Itf BcpsS imk-\-¯n³Io- gn \man-hnsS kpJþ-Zpx-J-§- fpsS _Ô-¯nÂs¸«p Ign-bp-¶p. Imetam {]Ir-Xntbm Bhiy-IXtbm bZr-Ñtbm Aà `qX-§tfm Bbn-cn¡ptam ImcWw? AYhm ]pcp-j³ F¶p ]d-b-s¸-Sp¶ ]c-{_Òw Xs¶-bm-bn-cn¡ptam?'' tIt\m]-\n-j¯n injy³ tNmZn¡p¶p: ""BcpsS CÑ-bpsS t{]c-WsIm-­mWv a\Êv Xm\m-{K-ln¡p¶ e£y-¯n-te¡p sNÃp-¶-Xv. BcpsS BÚ-bm-emWv H¶m-as¯ {]mW-\n-izmkw ]pd-¯p-h¶Xv! BcpsS BÚ-bm-emWv \mw Cu hm¡p ]d-bp¶Xv? I®n\pw ImXn\pw t{]cW \ÂIp¶ tZh-t\XmWv?'' Nn´- I-·mÀ kmam-\y-_p-²n- IÄ sN¿p-¶-Xp- t]mse C{µn-bm-\p-`-hs¯ Hc-hym-tJy-b-X-Xz-ambn KWn-¨n-Ã. C{µnb-§Ä sIms­-¯-cp¶ Úm\s¯ XnI¨pw icn-bm-sW¶p-d-¸n¨p kzoI-cn-¡mtam a\-Ênsâ iàn-IÄ¡p kzX{´-amb k¯-bpt­m AtXm ]n¶n \n¡p¶ IqSpX iàn-bpÅ GXn-tâ-sb-¦nepw Imcy-§fmtWm a\Ên-tâ-Xm-bn-¡m-Wp¶ Ign-hp-IÄ? Imcy-§fpw P\y-§-fpamb `uXn-I]ZmÀ°-§-sf, Ah-bpsS X¡m-e-kz-cq-]- ¯n¯s¶, Ah-bpsS Imc-W-s¯-t¸mse XnI¨pw bYmÀ°-am-sW¶p \ap¡p Icp-Xm³ Ign-bp-¶sX-§s\? Ch-bvs¡-Ãm-änepw ]n¶n-embn kzbw-`q-hmb Hcp ]c-a-k¯-bp-­m-bn-cn¡-Ww. AXp a\-Ên\pw B{i-b-am-bn-cn-¡pw, Úm\w, a\-Êv, C{µn-b-§fpw Ah-bpsS hnj-b-§fpw FÃmw ]cn-an-X-§fpw {]Xn-_-Ôap-Å-hbp-amWv. [mÀ½nI-Im-cy-§-fn ]cn-anXw sIm­p bYmÀ°amb B\µw t\Sm³ Ign-bn-söp \ap-¡-\p-`-h-ap-Å-Xm-Wv. kmwkm-cnI-kp-J -t`m-K-§Ä £-W n-I-§-fm-Wv. Ah hmÀ²Iyw sIm­pw ac-Ww-sIm­pw \in¡p-¶-hbm-W.v aXm-\p-jTmv \-§-fn A£-b-Po-hn-X¯n\p th­n apd-hnfn Iq«p-¶p. CsXÃmw IqSn-t¨À¶ Ime-hym-]vXn-bn-Ãm¯ Hcp k¯bp-s­¶p hniz-kn¡m³ \s½ \nÀº-²-cm-¡p-¶p. AXv Hcp B²ym-ßn-I-k-¯-bmWv; ZÀi\imkv{X-§- fpsS At\zj-Whn-j-b-amWv; \½psS FÃm CÑ-Itfbpw ]qÀ®-am¡p-¶Xpw aX-¯nsâ e£y-hp-am-Wv. D]-\n-jZv{ZjvSm-¡Ä F¶p \n¡p-¶Xpw (kÂ) ]qÀ® kXyhpw (NnÂ) hnip²-amb B\-µhpw (B-\-µw) Bb Cu ]c-a-k-¯-bntebv¡v \s½ ASp-¸n¡m³ {ian-¡p-¶p. Hmtcm am\-hlr- Z - b - ¯ n- t âbpw {]mÀ°- \ - b mWv : ""Fs¶ Ak¯nÂ\n¶p k¯-bn-te¡p \bn¡q; Xa-ÊnÂ\n¶p {]Imi-¯ n-te¡p \bn¡q; arXyp-hn \n¶p Aa-c-X z-¯ntebv¡p \bn¡q.''

bYmÀ° kXypsS kzcq]w
]c-a-k-Xy-¯nsâ kzcq-]-\nÀ®-b-¯n-\mbn D]-\n-j IÀ¯m-¡Ä sshZnI Ejn-am-cpsS hkvXp-\njvS-amb (A\m-ßw) ho£Wt¯mSp Bßo- b-hn-£- Ws¯ tNÀ¡m³ {ian-¨p. thZ-kq-à-§-fn Ø]n-X-amb D¶X [mcW GI-k¯ (GIw kÂ)-sb-kw-_Ôn-¨p-Å-Xm-Wv. AXv -

FÃm-hn[w k¯-Ifnepw kzbw {]I-S-hp-ambncp¶p. Cu \njv¡Àj-¯n\v D]-\n-j-¯p-IÄ _ew \ÂIn. Ah-bn Nnte-S ¯v AhÀ Bßm-s h¶p hnfn¡p¶ "Alw' XXzs¯ ZmÀi- \n-I-ho-£-W-t¯msS hntÇjWw sNbvXpsIm- ­mWv Cu {]iv\s¯ kao-]n-¨n-«p-Å-X.v Omtµm-tKym]-\n-j-¯n Kpcp-in-jy-·m-cmb {]Pm-]-Xnbpw C{µ\pw X½n \S-¡p¶ Hcp kw`m-j-W -¯n Bßm-h ns\ kw_-Ôn-¨pÅ hymJym-\¯n Bßm-hns\ (1) imco-cnIm-ßm-h,v (2) C{µn-b-Kay-\mb Bßm-hv, (3) A\p-`-hm-XoX-\mb Bßm-hv (Kp-]vXm-ßm-) , (4) ]c-am-ßm F¶n-§s\ \membn hn`-Pn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. AhnsS hnaÀi\ hnj-b-amb {]iv\w a\x-im-kvX]-c-am-sW¶p ]d-ªp-Iq-Sm. AXv IqSpX B[ym-ßn-I-am-Wv. a\p-jy-\nse Bßm-hnsâ AYhm a\p-jy-\nse apJy-k-¯-bpsS kzcq-]-sa-´mWv? NÀ¨-bmcw-`n-¨p- -sIm­v {]Pm-]Xn Nne kmam\y e£-W-§sf hnhcn-¡p-¶p. ""Bßmhv ]m]-ap-à\mWv; hr²mhØ-b n-Ãm¯-h-\mWv; ac-Whpw ZpxJ-hp-an-Ãm-¯-h-\mWv; hni¸pw Zml-hp-an-Ãm-¯-h\m-Wv. CÑn-t¡-­-sX-s´-s¶m- gn¨v aäp k¦- ]-§ fn-à m-¯ -h -\ m- W v. At±- l -s ¯bmWv \mw kÀÆYm a\-Ên-em-¡m³ {ian-t¡-­Xv.'' AXv FÃm-]cnhÀ¯-\-§-fnepw amdmsX XpSÀ¶p \n¡p¶ IÀ¯mhmWv; AXv Pm{K¯v, kz]v\ w, kpjp-] vX n, ac-Ww, ]p\ÀÖ-·w, BXy-´n-Iapàn Cu Zi-I-fn-seÃmw kmam\y-LS-Iambn \ne-sIm-Åp¶ At`-Zy-amb Hcw-Kam-Wv. - Hcn¡epw \in-¸n-¡m³ Ign-bm¯ Hcp kc-f-k-Xy-am-WXv. acWw AXns\ kv]Àin-¡p-¶n- Ã. Hcp ZpÀhn-Im- c-¯n\pw AXns\ hne-bn-¸n-¡m³ Ign-bn-Ã. Ønc-X, XpSÀ¨, GIX, \nXy-{In-bm-io-eX F¶nh AXnsâ hntij e£W-§-fm-W.v kzbw-]qÀ®-amb Hcp temI-am-W-X.v AXn\p ]pd-s¯mcp hkvXphpw AXn-s¶-Xnsc \n¡m-\n-Ã. Cu {]{In-b¡msI N{I-ItZmjw _m[n-¨n-«p-s­¶p ]dªv \ho-\-hn-aÀi-I-·mÀ FXnÀ¡pw. F¶m kzbw-]-cym-]vXXbpw kzbw-]qÀ®-Xbpw {]tXyI e£-Wambn kzoI-cn¨p-Ign-ªm AXn\p kam-[m-\-hp-am-bn. C§n-s\-sbmcp {]{Inb kzoI-cn¡p-¶Xn {]tXy-Iw- D-t±-iy-ap-s­¶p \ap¡p apt¼m«p t]mIp-t¼m-Ä ImWmw. a\p-j ysâ Bßmhv kzbw IÀ¯m-hm-sW-¶pw, AXn-\v Hcn¡epw km²y-hn-j-b-am-Im³ Ign-bn-söpw {]Pm-]Xn hyà-am¡p-¶p. AXv {ZjvSm-hmb ]pcp-j-\mWv Zriy hnj-b-aÃ. AXv "Fs¶' F¶p ]d-bm-hp¶ hnj-b-amb KpW-kw-LmX-aÃ; Cu KpW-§-sf-sbÃmw ]cn-tim-[n-¨p-sIm­v FÃmän\pw ]n¶n AI¶v km£n-bmbn \n¡p¶ "kzbw hnjbamb "Rm³' BWv. icn-bmb AÀ°-¯n AXv hnjbnbmb ÚmXm-hmWv; Hcn-¡ep-aXv hnj-b-am-Im³ h¿. Bßm-hnsâ LS-I-§Ä an¡-hmdpw km[m-cW \nebn hnj-b-§-fpsS Iq«-¯n s]t«-¡mw. \ymb-hmZw AwKo-Icn¡p¶ [mc-W, hnj-b-am-Ip-¶-sXÃmw Xs¶ A\m-ß-tIm-Sn-bn s]Sp-sa-¶m-Wv. \½psS bYmÀ°m ßmhn-t\mSv sshPm-Xy-apÅXpw AXnÂ\n¶v `n¶-hp-amb FÃm-ä n-t \bpw \mw thÀs]-S p¯n AI-ä -Ww. BZyw \ÂInb D¯cw P\n-¡p-¶Xpw hf-cp-¶Xpw PoÀ®n-¡p¶Xpw acn-¡p-¶- Xp-amb ico- c-amWv bYmÀ°-amb Bßmhv F¶m-bn-cp-¶p. {]Pm-]-Xn-bpsS A`n-{]m-b-¯n \mw asäm-

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I cm-fpsS I®p-I-fn t\m¡p-t¼mÄ ImWp¶ AYhm shÅ-

kzX-{´-\m-bn-cn¡p-Ibpw thWw. Ime-¯n-tâbpw P\-\¯ntem I®m-Sn-bntem ImWp¶ "hyàn'bmWv Bßm- ¯n-tâbpw ]cn-[n-Isf B{i-bn¨p \n¡p¶ "Alw' Hcnhv. Nn{X-¯n Xe-ap-Snbpw \Jhpw IqSn ImWp-¶p-­tÃm ¡epw \nXy-am-sW¶p ]d-bm-\m-hn-Ã. {]mtZ-in-Ihpw `uXnF¶v kqNn-¸n-¡p-bp-ap-­m-bn. AXpsIm­v CXm-ßm-h- I-hp-amb ]cn-Øn-Xn-I-fn _Ôn-¨p-\n¡p¶ "Alw' söp a\-Ên-em-¡m-\mbn {]Pm-]Xn C{µ-t\mSv ""A§v Hcp Ime-kr-jvSn-bm-Wv. AXv kwkm-c-tem-I-¯nse HcptZlw \Ã-h ®w Ae-¦ -cn¨v \à hkv{X-§Ä [cn¨v Dg¨-¡m-c-\m-Wv. AXv X\n-¡mbn A]qÀ®-km-a-{K-lnshůntem I®m-Sn-bntem t\m¡pI F¶p ]d-ªp. IÄsIm­v A]qÀ®-amb Hcp temIs¯ \nÀ½n-¡p-¶p. C{µ³ Xs¶-t¸mse Hcp hyànsb \à hkv{X-§Ä AXv A\-iz-caÃ; AXn\v AXn-cn-Ãm¯ kzmX-{´-hp-an[cn¨v Ae-¦-cn¨v kpµ-c-cq-]-¯n ImWp-¶p. C{µ\v Hcp Ã. \ap¡v FÃm-hn[w A\p-`-h-§Ä¡pw B[m-chpw hmlkwi-b-ap-Zn-¡p-¶p. ""icocw Ae-¦-cn-¨n-cn-¡p-t¼mÄ shÅ- \-hp-amb Hcp hnjbn AYhm Hc-Xn-hym-]-Iamb k¯ ¯ntem I®m-Sn-bntem ImWp¶ Bßmhv \¶mbn Ae- Bh-iy-ap- -­v. kz]v\m-h-Ø-bn-tebpw PmK-cn-Xm-hØ-bn¦-cn¨p ImWp¶p; ico-c-¯n \Ã- hkv{Xw [cn-¨m tebpw A\p-`-h§Ä. tIhew AXnsâ A]qÀ®-amb AXpw \à hkv{Xw [cn-¨p-Im-Wp-¶p. icocw \Ãh®w A`n-hyàn am{X-am-bn-cn¡-Ww. hnhn[ Zi-IfpsS {]hmipNnbpw kpµ-chp-am-bn-cp-¶ m B Bßmhpw ipNn- l-¯n\v kzbw \ne-\n-¡m³ Ign-bp-Ibn-Ã. sF{µn-bmbmbpw kpµ-c-ambpw ImW-s¸-Sp-¶p. At¸mÄ icocw I®p- \p-`-h-§-tf-ev¡p¶ Bßmhv kzm[n-Im-c¯n \nXy-\s]m«n-b-Xm-sW-¦n AXpw AÔ-am-bn-cn¡pw. icocw apS- Ã. C{µ³ {]Pm-]Xnsb kao-]n¨v Xsâ a\x-ØnXn hnh´m-sW-¦n B \ng-en-¡p¶ Bßmhpw apS-´m-Ipw, ico- cn-bv¡ p-¶p. Ipsd-¡mew Ign-ªXn-\p-tijw {]Pm-]Xn c-¯n\v hà AwK-`w-Khp-ap-s­-¦n B Bßm-hn\pw C{µ-\p-]-tZiw \ÂIp-¶p. ""a\p-jy³ Dd§n ]qÀ®-hn-{iaw AwK-` wKw ImWpw. HSp-h n icocw \in-¨ m B sImÅp- Ibpw kz]v\-sam¶pw ImWm-Xn- cn- ¡p- Ibpw sN¿p¶ Bßmhpw \in¡pw. CXn-semcp sa¨hpw Rm³ ImWp- Ah-Ø-bmWv Bßm-hv.'' {]Pm-]-Xnbv¡v C{µsâ _p²n¶n-Ã.'' C{µ³ Xsâ Kpcp-hns\ kao-]n-¡p-¶p. Ipsd Ign- ap«p a\-Ên-em-bn. Bßm-hns\ hn`n-¶m-hØ-I-fpsS AWnªXn-\p-tijw Kpcp C{µ-t\m-Sp-]tZ-in-¡p-¶p. ""kz]v\- I-fn-te-bv¡n-d¡n Npcp-¡n-¡qSm; A§n-s\-bm-bm \nXy¯n kpJ- k-©mcw sN¿p- ¶-XmWv Bßm-hv.'' bYmÀ°m- \mb Hc-lw-X-¯z-¯nsâ Bh-iyta CÃm-Xm-Ipw. Bßmßmhv FÃm-hn[w Ipd-hp-IÄ¡pw IjvSm-\p-`-h§Ä¡pw hns\ X§-fpsS BI-kvan-Iamb A\p-`-h-a-Þ-e¯ n\v ]m{X-am-Ip-¶- i-co-c-a-Ã. AsXmcp `uXn-Iamb Zriy-Imcy- A[o-\-am-t¡­nbpw hcpw. A\p-`-h- tKm-N-c-§-fmb _mlyam-Wv. ssNX-\y-¯n\p hnl-cn-¡m-\pÅ Hcp-]-I-c-W-amWv hn-j-b-§Ä¡v A\p-`h-hn-j-b-§-fm-bn-¯o-cm³ \nXy-\mb ico-cw. ssNX-\y-am-Is« ico-c-¯nÂ\n-¶p-f-hm-b-Xp-a-Ã. Hcp hnjbn (B-ßm) thW-sa¶v C{µs\ ]Tn-¸n-bvt¡]n¶oSp C{µ-t\mSp kz]v\w ImWp¶ hnjbn(IÀ¯m)- ­-Xp-­v. Ben-Ênsâ AÛp-X{]-]©-s¯-¸-än-bpÅ IYbm-Wv. Bßmhv F¶p ]dbp¶p. ]s£ C{µ\v ho­pw I-sfm-gn¨v asä-Ãm-bn-S¯pw Cfn-¨p-Im«n ipWvTn-sb-Sp-¸nkwibamIp¶p. ""icn-bm-Wv, ico-c-¯nsâ Ipähpw Ipdhpw bv¡m³ Hcp ]q¨-th-Ww. F¶m Hcp ]q¨-sb-t¸mgpw Bßm-hns\ _m[n-¡p-¶n-Ã. ico-c-¯n-¶-Sn-sIm-Åp-t¼mÄ Cfn-¨p-Im-«n- s¡m-tÅ-Wsa¶pan-Ã. AXp-t]mse hnj- b-¯nBßm-hn-\Xp X«p-¶n-Ã. icocw apS-´m-bmepw Bßm-hn\v s¶-t¸mgpw hnj-bnsb B{i-bn-t¨-\n-ev¡m³ Ign-bq. apS-´p-­m-Ip-¶n-Ã. F¶mepw B tZmj-§Ä ]n³Xp-SÀ¶p F¶m hnj- bn-bv¡m- Is« AtX hn[-¯n hnj-b-¯nsâ Abmsf kz]v\¯n sN¶v _m[n-¨mtem? B Bßm- B{ibw Bh-iy-an-Ã. {]Pm-]Xn C¡mcyw C{µs\ [cnhn\v ZpxJ-¯nsâ IjvSm-\p-`-h-ap-­m-Ip-¶p-­v. I®p-\oÀ ¸n-bv¡m-\p-t±-in-¨p. Bßm-hn-s\-¡q-SmsX Úm\-an-Ã. Iehogv¯p¶p; ZpxJm-\p-`-h-ap-­m-Ip-¶p. CXp-sIm­pw Rm³ bn-Ã, [À½m-N-c-W-hp-an-Ã. Bßm-hn-t\mSp _Ô-s¸-Sm¯ sa¨-sam¶pw ImWp-¶n-Ã.'' kz]v\§Ä ico-c-¯nÂ\n¶v hnj-b-§Ä AkXv BIp-¶p. hnj-bn-bpsS k¯ FÃm IqSp-X kzX-{´-§-fm-b-Xp-sIm­v kz`m-hn-I-ambn {]mam- hnj-b-§-fp-tSbpw k¯bv¡v B[m-c-am-Ip-¶p. F¶m Wn-I-am-sW¶p Icp-Xn-bmWv {]Pm-]Xn aäp am\-kn-Im-\p- kzbw hnj-bn-bm-Is« B tÚb-hn-jb-§-fpsS Iq«`-h-§Ä¡p ]Icw kz]v\m-h-Ø-Isf FSp¯p ]d-ªXv. ¯nÂs¸«p \nevIp-¶-Xp-an-Ã. {]Pm-]Xn FÃm A\p-`-hBßmhv kz]v\m-h-ØI-fn IpSp-§msX Xb-Ê-sam-¶p- §-fp-tSbpw ÚmXmhv Bßm-hp-X-s¶-bm-sW¶v C{µs\ an-ÃmsX k©-cn-¨p-sIm-­n-cn¡pw F¶m-W-\p-am-\n¡-s¸- a\-Ên-em-¡m³ {ian-bv¡p-¶p. AXn\v C{µs\ AÀl-\mSp-¶-Xv. a\Êpw kz]v\m-h-ØI-fn ico-c-¯n\v t\cn-Sp¶ ¡m³ th­n AaqÀ¯-]-²Xn AXn\v AXnsâ kz´kw`-h-§- tfmSp _Ô-an-ÃmsX kzX-{´-ambn A§n§v Ae- amb Nne tZmj-§-fp- s­-¦nepw {]tbm-Kn-bv¡p-¶p. \½psS bp-¶p. Cu A`n-{]mbw XpSÀ¨-bmbn hfÀ¶p-h-cp-¶, A\p- PohnXw kÀÆZm ]ZmÀ°-§-fp-ambn CS-s]«v XnSp-§n-¡£Ww amdn amdn hcp-¶, am\-kn-Im-\p-`-h-§-tfbpw Bßm- gn-bp-I-bm-Wv. \mw IqSp-X kwkm-cn-I-fm-bn-t¸m-bn. \½psS hn-t\bpw Xpey-hn-Xm-\¯n sIm­p \nÀ¯p-¶p. CXv Bßmhp hnIm-c§fnepw B{K-l-§-fnepw k¦Â]-§C{µn-bm-\p-`-h-§Ä Gev¡p¶ Bßm-hm-Wv. Cu C{µnb fnepw Xs¶-¯m-\dn-bm³ ]mSn-Ãm-¯-hn[w apgp-In-bn-cnKay-\mb Pohm-ßmhv Pohn-Xm-\p-`-h§-fpsS Zpc-´-kw-`-h- bv¡p-¶ p. tIhew hkv Xp-\n-jvT-amb Pohn-Xw-\ -bn¨pw §Ä¡v hnt[-b-\m-sW¶pw C{µ³ icn¡v a\-Ên-em-¡n. {]mIr-XhkvXp-¡fn AXy´w apgp-Inbpw temI-hy-h- {]Xn-£Ww amäw hcp¶XpsIm­v CXv "hnjbn'bmI-bn- lm-c-§-fnepw euInI-{]-hr-¯n-I-fnepw \nc-´cw CS-s]«pw Ã. CXv ico-c-¯nÂ\n¶v `n¶hpw kzX-{´-hp-am-sW-¦nepw Ccn-bv¡pI Imc-Wambn FÃm-än-epw-sh¨v apJy-XXz-amb kz]v\ m-h-Ø -I Ä¡v kzX-{´-a mb \ne-\n-e v]n-à -tÃm. Bßm-hn-s\-¡p-dn¨v hnNm-cn-¡pI Hcp \nanjw t]mepw bYmÀ°-amb Alw AYhm Bßm-hm-Is« kÀÆYm hn\n-tbm-Kn-¡m-s\m-cp-§p-¶n-Ã. Úm\w kzbw kn²-am-

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I b-Xmbn \mw Icp-Xp-¶p. AXn-s\-¡p-dn¨v IqSp-XÂ hnNmcw

sN¿p-¶Xpw AXnsâ KpVmÀ°w a\-Ên-em-¡m³ {ian¡p-¶Xpw a\-Ên\v A[zm-\apÅ Imcy-am-Wv. {]Pm-]Xn Bßmhnsâ Bh-iy-IXsb IqSp-X kv]jvS-am-¡m³ th­n, Bßm-hv, \nc-´cw \ne-\n-¡p-¶p-sh¶p Pm{KZ-h-Ø-bnepw kz]v\m-h-Ø-bn-epw, A\p-`hw Ipd¨p t\ct¯s¡Ãmw XSªv \njv{In-b-ambn \n¶m t]mepw, Bßmhv hnSmsX \ne\n¡p¶psh¶p \njvIÀjn¨p {]kvXm-hn-bv¡p-¶p. kz]v\w ImWm¯ KmV-\n-{Z-bn A\p-`q-X n-hn-jb-§ -sfm¶pw \½psS ap¼n-en-sÃ-¦nepw AXp sIm­p Bßm-hp-an-söp ]d-bm³ Ign-bn-Ã. \n{ZnXm-hØ-bn Bßm-hnsâ k¯sb C{µ³ kzmI-cn-¨psIm-Åp- sa¶v {]Pm-]Xn [cn- ¨n-cn¡p-I-bm- W.v ImcWw \n{Zmh-Ø-bn ]pdw-tem-I-hp-ambn _Ô- hn-tÑ-Zap-s­-¦nepw tNX\ \nc-´cw XpSÀ¶p-\n-¡p¶p F¶ hkvXp-Xsb aäp hn[-¯n hymJym\n¡m³ Ign-bp-I-bn-Ã. tZh-Z-¯³ \sÃm-cp-d¡w Ignªv DWÀs¶-gp-t¶-ämepw tZh-Z-¯-\mbn-¯s¶ XpS-cp-¶p. Fs´-¶m AbmÄ Dd-§m³ XpS§p-t¼m-gp-­m-bn-cp¶ C{µn-bm-\p-`-h§-fpsS {Iaw Dd§n Fgp-t¶-ä-Xn\p tij-apÅ A\p-`-h-{I-at¯mSv tbmPn¨p \nev¡p-¶p-­v. Abm-fpsS ]qÀÆm-\p-`-h-§Ä hÀ¯-am\ hnNm-c-§ -f p-ambn Htc N§-e -¡ -® n-bn IrXy-a mbn tNcp¶p; aäm-cp-t S-sb-¦nepw hnNm-c-§tfmSp tNcp-¶n-Ã. A\p-`h-§-fpsS Cu ss\c´cyw t_m[m-h-Ø-bpsS kakvX-L-S-I-§-fp-tSbpw ]Ým-¯-e-¯n \nXy-Øn-c-\mb Hcm-ßm-hp-s­¶p AwKo-I-cn¡m³ \s½ \nÀº-Ôn-¡p¶p. hnNmcw sN¿m³ asämcp hnj-b-hp-an-Ãm-Xn-cn-s¡bpw \n{Zm-h-Ø-bn \ne-\n-¡p-¶tXtXm AXm-Wm-ßm-hv. I®m-Sn-bn H¶pw ImWp-¶n-sÃ-¶p-sh¨v I®mSn \in-¨psh¶p hcp-¶n-Ã. {]Pm-]Xn ChnsS hnj-b-¯nsâ t]cn hnj- bn-¡pÅ ]c-am-[n-]- Xys¯ sXfn-bn- bv¡m³ {ian-bv¡p¶p. FÃm hnj-b-§fpw hnep-]X-ambnt¸mIp¶ Ah-Øv bnepw hnj-bn-bmb Bßmhv AYhm {]am- Xm-hmb Bßm kzXx-{ ]-I m-i-\ mbn hÀ¯n-b v¡ p¶p F¶ bmÚ-h evIysâ A`n-{]m-b-¯nse bmYmÀ°yam-WnXv. ""kqcy-\kvX-an- ¡p-t¼mÄ Aán AW-ªp-t]m-Ip-t¼mÄ, Bßmhp am{Xw Xtâ-Xmb {]Im-i¯n {]Im-in-¡p-¶p.'' imco-cnIm-\p-`-h-§-sfm-¶p-an-Ãm¯, AaqÀ¯-amb kz]v\mZn A\p`-h§fpw IqSn-bn-Ãm-¯, hnj-b-iq-\yhpw IqSn-bmb Cu Bßmhv tIh-e-samcp \njv^-eamb anYym-k-¦ev]am- sW¶v C{µ³ Icp-X p-¶p. Xm³ GXns\ Adn-bp¶p; GXns\ A\p-`-hn¡p¶p; GXns\ B[m-c-am¡n {Inb sN¿p¶p; AsXm-¶p-aà Bßm-s h-¦n Ah-bnÂ\ns¶Ãmw _Ôw hn«-Xm-sW-¦nÂ, DÅ-S-¡-sam-¶p-an-ÃmsX ip²-iq-\y-am-sW-¦n ]ns¶ tijn-s¸-´p­v? ""H¶p-anÃ'' C{µ³ ]dªp: ""FÃm-än \n¶pw apà-am-IpI F¶meÀ°w H¶p-an-Ãm-¯-Xm-hpI F¶p Xs¶'' KuX-a-_p-²³ Hcp hr£s¯ DZm-l-c-W-am-sb-Sp¯v tNmZn-bv¡p-I-bmWv: ""AXnsâ Ce-I-sfÃmw ]dn¨p If-bp¶p; sIm¼p-I-sfÃmw apdn-¡p¶p; tXmep apgp-h³ Dcn¡p¶p; A§ns\ FÃmw \in-¸n¡p-¶p. F¶m ]ns¶ hr£-ambn tijn-bv¡p-¶sX-´m-Ip- sa- ¶m-Wq-lnt¡­Xv? _mly-Po- hn- Xs¯ \ntjCu hniz-kz-cq-]nbpw hy]-I-\p-amb Bßmhv AXnsâ [n-bv¡p-¶-Xnsâ AÀ°w DÅn-epÅ Cuiz-csâ \mi-am- khn-ti-j-kz-`mhw Imc-Wambn ZrjvSn-hn-j-b-am-Ip-¶n-Ã. Wv. hnip-²- amb Bß- \n-jvT-X- bnÂ, F¯m- \p-tÅ-S-t¯mfw

DbÀ¶ \ne-bnÂ, ]c-a-e-£y-¯n \mw F¯p-¶p-s­¶p [mc-W-bp-Å-hÀ C{µ-tâbpw {]Pm-]Xn-bp-tSbpw kwhm-Z¯n {i²nt¡-­-Xm-W.v C{µsâ A`n-{]m-b-¯n ico-cL- S-\-bpsS acym-Z-I- fnÂ\n-¶pw, Ime- tZ- i-]-cn-[n- bn \n¶pw, hnj-b-§-fpsS k¯-bnÂ\n¶pw kzX-{´-amb Hc-hØ tIhew kÀÆ-\m-i-amWv. ZmÀi-\n-I-amb hnNm-chpw a\xim-kv{X-] -c-amb hntÇ-j-Whpw Cu ]cn-W m-a-¯ n-tebv¡mWv \s½ \bn-¡p-I. F¶m {]Pm-]Xn C{µn-bm-\p`-h§-fpsS amä-§ÄsIm­p _m[-tb-ev¡m¯ Bßmhnsâ AkvXn-Xzs¯ Du¶n-bp-d -¸n¡m³ {ian-¡p-¶p. Bßmhv tNX-\m-hØ-Ifn \n¶p XnI¨pw ]pd-¯m-bncp-¶nà F¶n-cp-¶mepw tNX-\m-kz-cq-]-\p-aà F¶p \nÀt±in-b¡m³ {]Pm-]Xn sh¼p-¼p-­v. C{µ³ {]Pm-]-Xn-bpsS v ap¼n Xsâ _p²n- a p«v C§s\ hnh- c n- b v ¡ p¶p: ""kz]v\w ImWm¯ KmV-\n-{Z-bn hnj-bnbv¡v hmkvXh-¯n Xsâ k¯sb¸änbpw Adn-hnÃ; aäv Ahn-sSbpÅ hnj-b-§-sf-¸-änbpw Úm\-an-Ã. AXp Hcp Xc¯n kÀ-ÆYm iq\y-cq-]am-bn-t¸m-sb¶p ]d-bmw. AXpsIm­v CXnepw KpW-sam¶pw ImWp-¶n-Ã.'' Cu A`nÚ \nc-´cw XpSÀ¶p \nev¡p-¶Xmbpw FÃm ]cn-hÀ¯-\-Zi-I-fnepw amä-an-ÃmsX \nev¡p-¶-Xmbpw {]Pm-]Xn Nq­n¡m-«p-¶p. Cu AJn-e-hn-izhpw ]c-amÀ°-hn-Nm-cs¯ km£m¡-cn-bv¡m-\pÅ Hcp {]{In-b-bm-Wv. ""AÃtbm aLh³ Cu icocw ac-W[À½n-bm-Wv. FÃmw \iz-cam-Wv. CXv ico-c-`n-¶ -amb Aa-c-\mb Bßm-hnsâ \nhm-kØm\w am{X-am-Wv. I®nsâ IrjvW-a-Wn-I-fn ImWp¶ ]pcp-j-\m-WXv; F¶m I®p-Ifm-Is« ImWm-\pÅ D]I-cWw am{X-am-Wv. Rm³ CXns\ aW-¡s« F¶p hnNmcn-bv¡p-¶-h-\mWv Bßm-hv. aq¡v KÔw apX-em-bh A\p`-hn-bv¡ m-\pÅ D]-IcWw am{X-am-Wv.'' Bßm-hns\ AaqÀ¯-amb Hc-\u-]-Nm-cn-I-X -Xz-am-bn-«Ã A\-h-cXw {Inbm-io-eamb Hcp hym]I ssNX\y-am-bn-«mWv {]ZÀin¸n-¨n-«p-Å-Xv. ""izkn-bv¡p¶ ka-b¯v CXn\v {]mW-s\¶pw, kwkm-cn-bv¡p-t¼mÄ hmIv F¶pw, ImWp-t¼mÄ Is®-¶pw, tIÄ¡p-t¼mÄ sNhn-sb-¶pw, hnNmcw sN¿pt¼mÄ a\-sʶpw CXn\p t]À \evIp-¶p. Cu kwÚI-sfÃmw CXnsâ hnhn-[ -{]-hr-¯ n-I Ä¡pÅ-Xm-W v.'' C§ns\ hymJym- \ n- ¡ - s ¸« Bß m- h p- X - s ¶- b mWv Ønc\pw \nXy-\p-amb hnj-bn. AXv PmKr-X-bnepw kz]v\¯nepw ac-W-¯nepw \n{Zm-hØ-bnepw _Ô-\w, apàn Cu Ah-Ø-I-fnepw XpSÀ¶p-d¨p \nev¡p-¶p. AsX-Ãm¡m-e ¯pw AJn- e -h n- i z-t ¯bpw t\m¡n- s ¡m- ­ n-c nbv¡p¶p. AXvhym-]I-amb hnj-bn-bmWv; AtX kabw hym]-I-amb hnj-b-hp-amWv. AXv ImWp-¶p-­v. ImWp¶n-Ã-Xm-\pw. D]-\n- j¯v C§s\ ]d- bp¶p: ""Ah³ ImWmXn-cn-bv¡p-t¼mÄ Ah³ ImWp-¶n-sÃ-¦nepw ImWp-¶p-­v. {ZjvSmhv Ahn-\m-in-bm-b-Xp-sIm­v ZÀi-\-i-àn-bvs¡m-cnbv¡epw tem]w hcp-¶n-Ã. F¶m {ZjvSm-hns\ Hgn¨v ZÀin-bv¡m³ c­m-aXmsbmcp hkvXp-hn-Ã.'' Bßm-hp-Xs¶-bmWp apgp-h³ hnizhpw; ""Rm³ Xs¶-bmWv CsXÃmw.''

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I {io. i¦-c³ ]d-bp¶p: ""km£n-`q-X\mb Bßmhv tNX-

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¡m³ Ign-bp-sa¶p ]e-]e kqà-§-fnepw \nÀt±-in¡p\sb {]Im-in-¸n-¡p-¶p. F¶m Hcn-¡epw Xm³ kzbw ¶p. ImcWw B Ah-Øbn {i²sb hn`-Pn-¨m-IÀjntNX-\m-hn-j -b-a m-Ip-¶n-Ã.'' AXv Hc-\p-` hkma-{Kn-b-à ,- bv¡p¶ _mly-P-K -¯p-a mbn Bßm-h n-\pÅ _Ôw FÃm{]tabhnjb§fpw AXn\pth­nbmsW¦nepw thÀs]-«n-cn-¡pw. amwk-i-co-c-¯nsâ D]-tcm-[-ap-s­-¦nepw AXp kzbw {]ta-b -hn-j -b-a-Ã. ka-k vX-hn-Nm-c-§fpw ssZhn-IamWv a\p-jym-ßm-hnsâ auen-I-kz-cq-]w. ""Cu AXn\p th­n-bm-sW-¦nepw AXv Hcp hnNm-c-a-Ã. AXv \mem-as¯ AhØ hnj-bn-bpsS Úm\-ap-Å-XÃ; hnjFÃm ImgvN-Ifp-tSbpw ASn-Øm-\-X-Xz- -am-sW-¦nepw AXv b-Úm-\ap-Å-X-Ã. c­n-tâbpw Úm\-ap-ÅXp(D-`-b-{]kzbw ImgvNbv¡p hnj-b-a-Ã. D]-\n-j-¯p-IÄ tZlhpw Úw- a-Ã. hnip-²-{]-Úm-kz-cq-]tam AJn-e-Úm-\iBßmhpw X½n XmZm-ßy-ap-s­¶p k½-Xn-¡p-I-bn-Ã. àn-bpsS ]pRvPtam AÃ. \n_n-Um-ÔIm-c-sa¶p ]dAXp t]mse a\-Ênsâ hnhn-[m-h-Ø-IÄ, _mly-{]-Xy- bm-hp-¶-Xp-a-Ã. CXv AZr-jvShpw kÀÆm-Xn-im-bnbpw A{Km£-kw-`-h§ -fpsS Ahn-Ñ n-¶{I-aw, AYhm ssNX-\ y- lyhpw A\p-am-\m-Xo-Xhpw ANn-´yhpw Ahy-tJy-bhpw ¯nsâ \nc-´c {]hmlw CXn-t\m-sSm¶pw Bßm-hnsâ Bß-{]-Xy-b-¯nsâ kmc-X-Xzhpw kwkm-c-¯nsâ ]qÀ®XmZmßyw Øm]n-bvIp-hm³ D]-\n-j-¯p-IÄ Iq«m-¡p-I- X-bp-am-Wv. \nXy-im-´hpw kÀÆZm B\-µ-a-bhpw AssZzbn-Ã. _Ô-§ Âs¡m-cm-[mcw Bh-iy-am-bn-«p-Å-hbv¡v X-hp-amb CXp-X-s¶- bmWv Bßmhv'' Hm¦mcw CXnsâ {]XoBßmhv Hcp _Ô-am-bn-cn¡p-I-bn-Ã. hnhn[ LS-I-§- I-am-Wv. Hm¦m-c-¯nsâ `mK-§-fmb A.-D.- a. Pm{K kz]v\w fpsS ]c-kv]c-kw-_Ô¯nsâ cq]hpw Bßm-hn-\n-Ã. kpjp]vXn F¶o aq¶-hØ-IÄ¡v D]-e£-Wam-bn-cn- Fs´-¶m AXn\p ]c-kv]c _Ôw Øm]n-bv¡m³ bv¡ p-¶p. Cu Bßmhv sFIm-´n-I-\Ã; FÃm-än\pw Hcp {]Xn-\n[n Bh-iy-am-W.v hy]-I-amb Hcp tNX-\-bpsS s]mXp-hn B[m-c-amWv; FÃm-än-tâbpw k¯ CXns\ k¯sb AwKo-I-cn-¡m³ \mw \nÀº-Ôn-X-cm-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. B{i-bn-¨n-cn-bv¡p-¶p. KmV- \n-{Z-bn \mw FÃm `mh-§fpw AXp tNX-\-bpsS LS-I-§-fp-ambn \nc-´-c-km-l-N-cy-ap- \in-¨v, AJn-e-{]-]-©hpw hnep-]vX-amb Ønc-amb HtcÅXpw LS-I-§-fpsS A`m-h¯nepw apS¡w IqSmsX I-Xz-¯n F¯p-¶Xmbn ]d-bm-hp-¶Xm-Wv. Bßm-hm\n¡m³ Ign-hp-Å-Xp-am-I-Ww. Bßm-hn-s\bpw A\m- Is« Cu hniz-¯nse kIe ]ZmÀ°-§- fp- tSbpw Úm\w ßm-hn-s\bpw aqe-cq-]-¯n kzoI-cn-¡p¶ Cu auen-I- k¼m- Zn¨v Xsâ DÅn kpc-£n-X-am- ¡n-sh-¡p-¶p. Bßmamb XmZmßyw Xs¶-bmWv Bßm-sh¶p ]d-b-s¸-Sp-¶- hn\p ]pdsa bmsXm¶pw CÃ-Xm\pw. AXv Hcn-bv¡epw Xv. AXnsâ k¯sb kw_-Ôn¨v BÀ¡pw ktµ-lap- ]cn-hÀ¯-\an-Ãm¯ FÃm ]cn-hÀ¯-\-§-fn-eq-tSbpw \nc­m-Im³ h¿. ´cw Htc a«n XpSÀ¶p-sIm-­n-cn-bv¡p¶ \nXy-k-¯amÞq-tIym-]-\n-j-¯n tNX-\-bpsS Hcp hntÇ-j-W- bm-Wv. Nn¯-hr-¯n-IÄ hcp-¶p, t]mIp¶p, amdn-a-dbp-¶p. F¶m Bßmhv amä-an-ÃmsX G-I-c-k-ambn \ne-sIm-Åpap-­.v Bßm-hn\p aq¶h-Ø-I-fp­v; Cu aq¶pw \mem-asXm- c- h - Ø - b n tN- c p¶p. Ah PmKrXn kz]v \ w ¶p. Bßmhv Adn-bp¶ hnjb§Ä¡v BZnbpw A´kpjp]vXn Ch-bm-Wv. \mem-a-t¯-Xmbn Xpco-bm-h-Ø-bpw. hp-ap­v; F¶m Bßmhv A\m-Znbpw A\-´hp-am-Wv. ""tNX- \ bv ¡ v hncmaw A \p- ` - h - s ¸- « n- « nÃ; t\cn«v BZys¯ AhØ DWÀ¶n-cn-bv¡p¶ ka-b-¯p-Å-XmWv. At¸mÄ Bßm-hn\v _mly-hn-jb-§Ä \ndª km£m¡m-c-hp-ap-­m-bn-«n-Ã. C\n Ft¸m-sg-¦n-ep-ap-­mkmam- \ y- { ]- ] - © - s ¯- ¸ än Úm-\ - a p­mbncn-b v ¡ pw. bn-«p-s­-¦n-eXp AtX tNX-\bpsS A\-h-cXw XpSÀ¶p\n-ev¡p-¶- aqÀ¯o-I-c-Wsa-¶-t]mse FÃm-än\pw km-£nAt¸mÄ Bßmhv Øqe-]ZmÀ°-§sf A\p-`-hn-¨m-kzZn-bv¡p-¶p. Cu ka-b¯p apJy-ambpw ico-cs¯ B{i- bmbn FÃmw A-\p-`-hn-¡p-¶-Xmbn FÃmäntâbpw ]n¶n bn-¨m-Wv Ign-bp-¶-Xv. c­m-a-t¯Xv kz]v\mh-ØbmWv. \nev¡p- ¶-Xm- bn- «m- Wv.'' AXv apgp-h³k-¯- bp- tSbpw AkvXnAhnsS Bßmhv kq£va hkvXp-¡-fpsS B\µw A\p- hm-camWv. tÚb-§-fmb hnj-b-§Ä¡v ÚmXm-hmb hnj-bn-tbm-SpÅ B{in-X-Xz-¯nsâ kz`mhw F{X-Xs¶ `-h n-bv¡ p-¶ p. AhnsS Pm{K-Z -h -Ø -bnse kma-{K-l nIÄsIm­v ]pXnb BIr-Xn-IÄ cq]-s¸-Sp¯n Hcp ]pXnb BhÀ¯n¨p ]d-ªn«pw XnI¨pw kv]jvS-am-bn-«n-sÃ-¦nepw temIw Xs¶ Bhn-j vI-cn-¡p-¶p. Bßmhv ico-c-_- \ap-¡-dn-hm-Ip¶ s#Ãm-än\pw GI-km£nbpw klm-bn-bmÔs¯ hI-sh-bv¡msX kzX-{ ´-ambn Ae-ªp-\-S¡p- Im³ km[y-X-bpÅ GI-h-kvXp- hp-amWv AXv. Bßm-hnsâ sa¶p ]d-b-s¸-Sp-¶p. aq¶m-as¯ AhØ KmV-\n-{Z-bp- aq¶-h-Ø-I-fm-b -Pm-Kr kz]v\w kjp]vXn Chbpw CXntS-Xm-Wv. AhnsS \ap¡v kz]-\v§-fp-anÃ; bmsXm-cn-Ñ-bp- sâ-sbÃmw Úm\w t\Sp¶ \mem-as¯ Ah-Øbpw ap-­m-Ip-¶n-Ã. kpjp-]vXn-sb-¶m-Wn-Xnsâ t]À. B Ah- tNÀ¶m Bßm-hnsâ Ah-ØIÄ {Ia-¯n hniz³, ssXP-k³, {]mÚ³, Xpco-b³ F¶n-h-bm-Wv. Ø-bn Bßmhv Ipd-¨p-t\-c-t¯bv¡p {_Ò-hp-ambn XmZmßyw {]m]n¨v B\-µ-a-\p-`-hn-bv¡p-sa¶p ]d-bp-¶p. kz]v\w Pm{KXv kpjp]vXn Cu aq¶-hØ-Itfbpw KmV-\n-{Z-bn \mw FÃm CÑ-I-fnÂ\n¶pw apà-cm-Ip¶p; h nt Ç - j W w sN b v Xv h nN m cw s N bv X m  A h A\p-`-hn-¨p-h-cp¶ IjvS-¸m-Sp-I-fnÂ\n-¶p-IqSn apàn In«p- ""Ak¯p''If-sÃ-¦nepw Ab-YmÀ°-§-fm-sW¶ \nÀ®¶p. hntcm-[-§-sfÃmw Xs¶ \nÀÆn-j-b-Úm-\-cq-]-amb b - ¯ n- s e - ¯ pw.""B Z y - ¯ ne pw A h- k m - \ - ¯ ne p w Bßm-hnsâ Cu Ah-Øbn hnebw {]m]n-bv¡p-¶p. CÃm¯pXp a[y-¯n-ep-anà F¶p-d¸m-Wv.''CXnsâ ASni¦-c³ ]d- bp- ¶Xv am\-k- hr-¯n-IÄ hgn D­m-Ip¶ ssZzX- Øm-\-¯n hnNmcw sNbvXm PmK-cn-X-Øm\w Ab`mhw BZys¯ c­-h-Ø-I-fnepw \ne-\nev¡pw; F¶m YmÀ°-am-Wv. kz]v\m-hØ-IÄ \½psS aä-h-ØI-tfmSv Cu XrXo-bm-h-Ø-bn AXp-­m-hnà F¶m-Wv. kz]v\c- CW-§m-¯-Xp-sIm­ v Ab-YmÀ°-am-sW¶p ]d-bm-saln-X-amb KmV-\n-{Z-bn \ap¡v ]c-am-\-µ-ckw A\p-`-hn- ¦n PmK-cn-Xm-hØ-bnse A\p-`-h-§Ä kz]v\§-tfmSp -

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I tbmPn-¡p-¶n-söpw ]d-ªp-IqtS? PmK-cn-Xm-h-Ø-bnse
A\p-`h§sf-t¸m-se-¯s¶ kz]v\m-h-Ø-bnse A\p-`h-§fpw Ah-bpsS aWvU-e-¯n s]mcp-¯-s¸-«p- \n¡p¶p-­.v {]]-©-hkvXp-¡Ä Bßm-hnsâ khn-ti-j-`m-h§-fn-emWv bYmÀ°-ambn tXm¶p-¶Xv. PmK-cn-Xm-hØbnse A\p-`-h§fpsS am\ZWvUw kz]v\temI¯p] tbmKn¡p¶Xpw A§s\ kz]v\temIs¯ \nµnbv¡p¶ Xpw icnbÃ. kz]v\m-h-Øbn-tebpw Pm{K-Xm-hØ-bntebpw A\p-`-h§Ä hyXykvX \ne-I-fn-em-sW-¦nepw Ab-YmÀ°- amWv . kz]v\-c-ln- X- amb KmV-\n- {Zn-bn \ap¡v _mly- amtbm B`y´- c-amtbm hyà-amb bmsXmcp t_m[hp-an-Ãm¯ Hc-h-Ø-bm-Wp-Å-X.v AXv AÔmIm-c-¯nsâ ad-bv¡p-Ån t`Z-Úm-\-cln-Xamb Hcp ]pRvPam-Wv. Bßmhv `mhm-ß-I-amb ]c-am-\-µ-am-W.v AXv PmKr-Xntbm kz]v\tam kpjp-]vXntbm AÃ. Cu aq¶-hØ-IÄ¡pw km£n- b mbn kÀÆm-X n- i m- b n-b mbn hÀ¯n- b v¡ p¶ Xpcobmh-Ø-bm-Wv. Bßm-hn-s\-¸-än-bp-ff {]iv\w D]-\n-j-¯n-I-fn NÀ¨ sN¿-s¸« hnj-b-§-fn apJy-am-Wv. AXp A[ym-ß-hnZy F¶ t]cn `K-hÂKo-X-bnepw thZm-´-kq-{X-§-fnepw ho­pw hcp-¶p. Bß-kz-cq]-¯nsâ hntÇ-jWw D]-\nj-¯p-I -fpsS kz¯m-W v. AXv ]mc-¼ -cym-hImi-ambn XpSÀ¶p-h¶ hnNm-c-im-kv{X-§Ä¡v In«n. CXp-aqew ]e anYym- k - ¦ -e v] - § - f p- a p- ­ m- b n. Bß- k z- cq- ] - s ¯- ¸ än _p²\pw i¦-c\pw I]n-e\pw ]X-RvPenbpw hncp-²kn²m-´-§Ä D¶-bn-¨n-«p-­v.

{_Òw
AssZz-X-]-c-amb Bibw EtKz-Z-Im-e¯v D­m-bn. kZm{In-bm-io-ehpw F¶m imiz-X-hn-{iaw sImÅp-¶-Xp-amb \nXym-ßm-hns\ XÀ¡-kw-K-X-ambn hymJym-\n¡m-\pÅ D¯-chm-ZnXzw D]-\n-j¯p-IÄ Gsä-Sp-¯p. asäm-cn-S¯v Xmgv¶-X-e-¯n InS-¶n-cp¶ A]qÀ®m-i-b-§Ä DbÀ¶ \ne-b n- s e¯n IqSp-X  kaÀ°-§ - f m- b n. ssX¯ncotbm]\n-j-¯n DÅ-t]m-se, ]tcm-KXn {]m]n-¨Xpw \mw I­p. aq¶mw hÃn-bn ]p{X³ ]nXm-hns\ kao]n¨v FÃm hkvXp-¡fpw P\n¨v hnI-kn-¡p¶sXhnsS \nt¶m, Ah-km\saÃmw aS-§p-¶sX-hn-tSbvt¡m B ]camÀ°- k -¯ -b psS kz`mhw D]-t Z-i n-¨ p-X - c-W -s a¶p {]mÀ°n-bv¡p-¶p. Aѳ aI\v {_Ò-¯nsâ kmam-\y-e£-W§ Ä ]d-ªp-sIm-Sp-¯p. {]kvXpX e£-W§Ä Xr]vXn-I-c-ambn H¯ hkvXpsh Xncªp ]nSn-bv¡m\pw ]d-ªp. ""GsXm-¶n \n¶v Cu hkvXp-¡Ä P\n-bv¡p¶p-thm, P\n¨v GsXm-¶p- sIm­p Pohn-¡p-¶p-thm, arXypZ-i-bn GsXm-¶n-tebv¡p {]th-in¡p-¶pthm AXmWv {_Òw.'' {]]-©-¯nse ]ZÀ°- §-sfÃmw F¶pw BIrXn amdns¡m­n-cn¡p-¶p. AXp-sIm­p ]c-amÀ°-cq-]-¯n Ah kXy-am-sW¶p KWn-bv¡m³ h¿. Ft¸mgpw amdns¡m-­n-cn-bv¡p¶ \ma-cq-]m-ß-I-amb Cu hniz-¯nsâ ]Ým-¯-e-¯n Hcn-¡epw amdmsX Ønc-am-bn-cn-bv¡p¶ Hcp k¯-bpt­m? D]-\n-j-¯nsâ ]cn-`m-j-bn PK¯v \ma-cq-]m-ß-I-am-sW¶p ]d-ªn-cn-bv¡p-¶p. ]p{X³ {]IrXn-sb-¯s¶ ]c-ak-¯bmbn KWn-bv¡p¶p; _mly-{]]-©-¯nsâ Gähpw {][m-\-h-i-am-WtÃm {]Ir-Xn. temIm-

b-Xn-I-·m-cpsS `uXn-I-hm-Zn-I-fpsS A`n-{]m-b-an-Xm-W.v {]IrXnsb ]c-a-k-¯-bmbn AwKo-I-cn-¨m Pohn-X-kw-`-h-§fpsS apgp-h\pw hni-Zo-Ic-W-am-Ibnà F¶p ]p{X³ Ffp¸-¯n a\-Ên-em-¡n. h\-kv]-Xn-hÀ¤-¯nsâ hnIm-k¯n\v thsdmcp hymJym\w Bh-iy-am-Ipw. aI³ {]mWs\ AYhm Pohs\ ]c-amÀ°-k-¯-bmbn FSp-¯p-Im-«p-¶p. {]Ir-Xn-sb-¡q-SmsX Poh\v (Po-h-i-àn-bv¡v) \ne-\n¡m\-hn-sÃ-¦nepw {]Ir-Xn-bn Poh-c-lky-¯nsâ km¶n-²yan-Ã. PU-]ZmÀ°-§sf DÄs¡m-Åm\pw Ahsb cq]-amä-¯n\p AÀl-am-¡m-\papÅ hntj-i{]-`mhw Poh-i-ànbv ¡ p- ­ v . C tX ià n- b mWv a\p- j y- i - c o- c - ¯ n ktkymÂ]-¶§sf càhpw AØnbpw t]in-I-fp-ambn amäm³ klm-b n-bv¡p¶ auen-I-X-X zw. AJne hniz¯nepw hym]n-¨Xpw a\p-jys\ CX-ckr-jvSn-Ifp-ambn _Ôn-¸n-¡p-¶Xpw Cu XXzwXs¶-bm-Wv. {]mW³ icoc-km-c-am-sW-¦nepw {]Ir-Xn-bnÂ\n¶pw hyXy-kvX-co-Xn-bnemWv Pohn-X -¯ nsâ hyh-Ø-s b¶v ]p{X-\ p-d-¸ p-­v . F¶m {]iv\]-cn-l m-c-ambn {]mWs\ ]c-a-k-bmbn AwKo-Icn-¨mepw AbmÄ¡p Xr]vXn-bm-Ip-¶n-Ã. Fs´¶m {]mWn-tem-I-¯n \ap¡\p-`-h-am-Ip¶ tNX-\m{]-Xn-`m-k-§sf Poh-\XXzw sIm­v hymJym-\n¡m³ km[y-a-Ã. a\Êv AYhm {]Xy-£-amb Úm\m-ß-I-tNX\ Poh-iàn-bn \n¶pw {]Ir-Xn-bn \n¶pw XnI¨pw hne£W-amb Hcp hkvXp-hm-Wv. AXv {]mW-{]-{In-b-bpsS intcm-aIp-Sam-sW¶p tXm¶p-¶p. AXp-sIm­p ]p{X³ a\-ÊmWv {_Ò-sa¶p hniz-kn-bv¡p-¶p. F¶-meXpw ]cym]vXam-Ip-¶n-ÃtÃm. tIhew {]Xy£ Úm\w- sIm­v hymJym-\n-bv¡m³ Ign-bm¯ _u²n-I-kw- `-h-§sf{Xtbm ImWmw. hnÚm-\-amWv {_Òw. _u²n-I-X-e-¯n ssZzX`mh-¯ntâbpw _mly-X-bp-tSbpw XXz-§-fp-s­¶ hkvXpX {]ZÀin-¸n-¡p-I-bmWv D]-\n-j-¯p-I-fpsS e£yw. Úm\-¯nepw [mÀ½n-IPo-hn-X-¯nepw hnj-b-hn-j-bn-_Ô-ap-­v. k¯sb Úm\-¯nsâ ]cn-`m-jbn \nb{´n¨p \nÀ¯m-¯n-S¯v tIhe _p²n-bnÂ\n-¶p-bÀ¶ DÂIr-jvS-amb Ft´m H¶p-­m-bn-cn-bn-¡-Ww. k¯-bnepÅ sFIy-¯nsâ Bhiyw \mw _u²n-IXe-¯n - \n¶p-b-c-Wsa-¶m-Wv. hnNmcw \mw a\-Ên-em-¡m-dp-Åt]mse Zqsc \nev¡p-¶Xpw hnNm-c-{]-{In-b-bn \n¶p `n¶hp-amb hnj-b-§-tfm-SmWv _Ô-s¸«p {]hÀ¯nv¡p-¶-Xv. AXv X¶nÂ\n¶p ]pd-¯v, X¶nÂ\n¶p `n¶hpw hncp²- kz-`m-h- ap-Å-Xp- amb GtXm H¶n-tebv¡v tXSn-sb-¯p¶p. bYmÀ°-k¯ hnNm-c-¯nÂ\n¶p `n¶-amWv; Adn-bp-¶h\pw Adn-b p¶ hnj- b hpw Adnhpw (Úm-X mhpw Úm\hpw tÚ-b-hpw) H¶m-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. ZmÀi-\n-IhnNm-c-¯nsâ At\z-jWw Chn-sS-sb¯n Ah-km-\n-bv¡p¶-p . CXp-s Im­p B\-µ-¯ n-\ p-a o-s X-bmbn H¶p-anà F¶mWv \nÀ±n-jvS-am-Ip-¶-Xv. AXp-X-s¶-bmWv ]c-a-k-¯. Cu B\µw \nc-´cw {Inbm-io-ehpw kpJm-ß-I-hp-amb Hc-\p-`-hamWv; AYhm Ign-hnsâ \nÀºm-[amb {]tbm-Kam-Wv. iq\y-¯n hnfbn-¡-e-Ã, {]mWn ]qÀ®X {]m]n¡-em-Wn-X.v ""hnth-I-Zr-jvSn-tbmsS t\m¡p¶ Úm\n-IÄ Ah-cpsS AXypÂIr-jvS-amb Úm\w-sIm­v B\-µ-cq]-\mbpw \nXy-kz-cq-]-\mbpw {]Im-in-bv¡p¶ Bßm-hns\ km£m¡-cn¡p-¶p. kXyw ]dªm AXypÂIr-jvS-

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I amb bYmÀ°-k-¯sb hni-Zo-I-cn¡m³ \mw Ak-aÀ°-

ambn \ne-\n-ev¡p¶ Cu {]]-©-¯n F´n-s\-sb-¦nepw cm-Wv, AXv AaqÀ¯tam aqÀ¯tam F¶ tNmZyw t]mepw hne-bn-cp-¯mt\m hninjvSX kzoI-cn-¡mt\m \ap¡v Ignbpàn-k-l-a-Ã. \mw GsX-¦nepw hn[-¯n-e-Xns\ hnh- bmsX hcpw. Cuiz-c\pw {_Òhpw {]mtbm-Kn-I-ambn H¶pcn-bv¡-W-sa¶v _u²n-Iamb Bhiy§Ä t{]cn-¸n¡p- Xs¶ F¶mWv D]-\n-j-¯p-IÄ kqNn-¸n-¡p-¶-X.v Gähpw ¶p. AXns\ tIhew AaqÀ¯-ambn KWn-bv¡p-¶-Xn-t\- kq£va-X-tbmsS ZmÀi-\n-I-ZrjvSym IrXy-ambn hnth-N\w ¡mÄ aqÀ¯-ambn KWn¡p-¶-XmWv IqSp-X bYmÀ°-am- sNbvXv \mw Bß-t_m-[t¯msS ""Rm\m-Ip¶p Rm³'' hp-I. DbÀ¶ XXz-§-sfÃmw AXm-Xn \n¶p Xmgv¶ XXz- F¶p ]d-bp-t¼mÄ ]c-a-k-¯-bn \n¶p AXy´w Npcp§-sf-¡mÄ aqÀ¯hpw ka-th-Xhp-am-Wv. AXp-sIm­p §n-b, Iev]n-bv¡m³ am{Xw Ign-bp-¶, eLp- -Xz-ap-s­¶p {_Òw-X-s¶-bmb B\µw asä-Ãm-än-t\-¡mfpw kÀÆ-{Km- ]d-tb-­n-hcp-¶p. Cu AÀ²-iq\yw aXn-bmbn i¦-c\v ln-bm-W.v FÃm hkvXp¡fpw AXnÂ\n¶pd¶p hcp¶p. FÃm-än\pw B[m-c-`q-Xhpw kXy-hp-amb hnip-²-k-¯sb AXn\m¯s¶ FÃm hkvXp-¡fpw ØnXnsN¿p¶p. tZi-Im-e-§-fmepw Imc-W¯mepw B_-²-amb {]]-©HSp-hn FÃmw AXn-te-¡p-Xs¶ hnebw {]m]n-bv¡p- ¯nsâ DÂ]-¯nbv¡v Ic-W-am-¡n-¯oÀ¡m³ . hnip-²¶p. J\n-P§Ä, h\-kv]-Xn-PK¯v, {]mWn-Pm-ew, a\p- {_-Ò - s ¯- ¸ än hnNmcw sN¿m³ XpS- § p-¶ - t XmsS - jy-k-aqlw C§-s\-bpÅ hnhn-[-`m-K-§Ä¡v B ]c-tam- iq\ys¯ t`Z-I-X-Xzhpw AXp-t]mse kÀÆm-[m-c-hp-am¶-X-k-¯-bp- am-bpÅ _Ôw tIhew AaqÀ¯tam bm{´n- ¡p-¶p-s­¶v D]-\n-j-¯p-IÄ ]tcm-£- ambn kzoI-cn-bv¡pItam AÃ. Ah-sbÃmw Ah-bv¡m-[m-c-`q-Xamcn¡p¶ ¶p. kwL-Sn-X-amb ]qÀ®-k-¯-bmbn ]n¶oSp hnI-knhym]-I-amb H¶n-\p-Ån GIo-`q-Xambn \n¡p-¶p. Cu bv¡p¶ Úm\-kz-cq-]-\mb Cuiz-c³ k¯nsâ A[n{_ÒmÞ¯nepff FÃm `mK§fpw kÀÆ hym]Iamb Imw-ihpw Ak-¯nsâ \yq\mw-i-hp- am-W.v _mly-X-bp-ambn Cu BXva mhnsâ Awi§fmWv . Ah AXmXnsâ AXn\p _Ôhpw Ipd-hm-Wv. ]c-amÀ°-k¯ {]]-©khcpXn¡pff Imcy§Ä \nÀÆln¡m\mbn khntij ¯bpsS cq]-¯n {]I-S-am-Ip-¶p. CXp-sIm-­p-Xs¶cq]w ssIs¡m­p \ne\n¡p¶p. Cu hn`m-K-§Äs¡m- bmWv {]]-©¯n-epÅ hnhn-[-h-kvX p-¡fpw DÄs¡m¶n\pw kzX-{´-amb AkvXn-Xz-an-Ã. B H¶nsâ B{in- Åp¶ bYmÀ° k¯-bpsS tXmXp-I-s f, ]c-a-k -¯X- ` m-K -§ -f m-s W-à mw. thcp- I Ä tatem«pw imJ- I Ä bnÂ\n¶v Ah-bn-tebv¡pÅ hkvXp-¡-fn-seÃmw tZiw Iogvt]m«pw ]SÀ¶p-]n-Sn¨ k\m-X\amb Biz-°-hr-£- Imew ImcWw F¶o kmam\y LS-I-§-sf-t¸m-se-¯s¶ - ap-­v. AXp Xs¶-bmWv DÖz-e-amb {_Òw. AXp Xs¶ {_Ò-¯nsâ A`n-hy-ànbpw {]Xy-£-am-Ip-¶p-­v.cmam-\pAar-X w. AJn-e - h n- i zhpw AXn HXp- § p-¶ p. Hcp Psâ aqÀ¯-{_-Òhpw i¦-csâ Cuiz-c\pw B hnip-²hkvXphpw AXnsâ ]pd¯p t]mIp-¶n-Ã.'' {_-Ò-t¯mSv Gä-hp-a-Sp¯p \nev¡p-¶-h-bm-Wv. CXn-ep-a\mw ]c-ak-¯sb B\-µ-am-sW¶p hymJym-\n-¨p. [n-Iw -A-Sp-¸-apÅ H¶ns\ Duln-bv¡m³ IqSn km[y-aCXp-sIm­v ]c-a-k¯ Ahym-tJy-b-am-sW¶p km[m-cW Ã. kÀtÆmÂIr-jvS-amb {_Òtam AYhm B\-µtam ]d-ªp-h-cm-dpÅ A`n-{]m-bs¯ JÞn-bv¡p-I-bm-Wp-­m- hnÚm-\-¯n-tâtbm Bß- ssN-X- \y-¯n-tâtbm \ne- bn b-Xv. kÀÆmw-K]qÀ®-amb k¯sb Adn-bm-\pÅ cN-\m- tkzÑbm kzoI-cn¨ ]cn-[n-I-tfm-Sp-IqSn hyàn-cq-]-\mb ß- I-amb FÃm {]b- Xv\hpw km[m-c-W- bmbn sNs¶-¯pI Cuiz-c-\m- bn-¯o- cp-¶p. Cuiz- c³ AsÃ-¦n Bßmhv GIaqÀ¯-amb Hcp ]qÀ®-X-bn-em-Wv. aqÀ¯-amb B\-µ-amWv Xz-¯nsâ AkvXn-hm-c-amWv; {]IrXn AYhm A\m-ßmhv {]mamWn-Ik¯ AXhm hnNm-c-i-àn-bn A`n-hy-à- _lp-Xz-X-X z-am-Wv. am- Ip¶ bYmÀ°yw. CXn- s\-bmWv cmam- \p- P³ kÀtÆmÂIr{_Òhpw Bßmhpw jvS-amb {_Ò-ambn kzoI-cn-¨n-«p-Å-Xv. ka-kvX-Kp-W§hnjbw hnj-bn, _vÒw Bßm, kmÀÆ-`u-a-X Xzw fnÂ\n¶pw kzX-{´-amb hnip² {_Ò-amWv \ncp-]m-[nI Bß-XXzw Cu bpÜ-I-§Â kam-\§-fmWv, A`n-¶-§k¯ AYhm i¦-c³ kzoI-cn-¨n-«pÅ \nÀ¤pW {_Òw. fm- W.v {_Ò- amWv Bßmhv. ""a\p-jy-\n-epÅ Cu {_Òhpw BZy-t¯Xv (cm-am-\p-Ptâ-Xv) kphy-h-Øn-Xamb ]qÀ®- kqcy-\n-epÅ Cu {_Òhpw c­pw H¶p-X-s¶-bm-Wv. EtKzk-¯-bmWv; c­m-a-t¯Xv (i-¦-c-tâ-Xv) Ahym-tJy-b-amb Z-¯n {]Xn-]m-Zn¨ Cuiz-csâ kÀÆm-Xn-im-bn-Xz-`m-h\ bYmÀ°y-am-Wv. i¦-csâ aX-¯n-¶-\p-k-cn¨v c­m-a-t¯- ChnsS kÀÆm-´cym-an-bpsS `mh-ambn ]cn-Wan-¨n-cn-bv¡pX-pX- s¶bpw H¶m- a-t¯-Xmbn kzbw hnf-§p-¶p. A´ÀZr- ¶p. A\´w km´-¯ n\p ]pd-¯ Ã; km´-¯ n-¶ pjvSn-sIm­v ÚmX-amb k¯-bm-Is« ]qÀ®-Úm-\-am- Ån¯-s¶-bm-Wv. D]-\n-j-¯p-I-fpsS Úm\-]mTw hnjsW¶p tXm¶p-¶p. bn\n-jvT-am-b-XmWv Cu amä-¯n-\p-¯-c-hm-Zn. {_Òhpw XÀ¡-kn²amb AXyp-¶X k¯-sb-bmtWm AYhm Bßmhpw X½n-epÅ XmZm-ßy-¯n {i² sNep-¯pI! ]c-ak-¯sb BtWmB\-µ-ambn KWnt¡-­Xv F¶ F¶m AXnsâ alXzw D]-\n-j-¯p-IÄ¡-¸p-d¯v Ahktµ-l¯n \n¶mWv FÃm hmZ-{]-Xn-hm-Zhpw DÛ-hn-¨- bp-­mb Ime-¯n\pw tZi-¯n-\p-a-¸p-d-¯v. F¯n-bn-«p-ÅsX¶v {]Xy-£-am-Wv. i¦-cm-Nm-cyÀ kaÀ°n-¡p¶ hn[w Xm-bn-¡mWmw. C\nbpw Fs´Ãmw ssZhn-I-Úm-\-§fpw A´À±Ài\w sIm­v {]m]n-t¡-­-Xmb kc-famb \ncp- I­p-] n- Sp- ¯ -§ -f p-a mWv hn{i-a - a n-à msX Kth-j Ww ]m-[n-I-{_-Ò-t¯bpw cmam-\p-Psâ aqÀ¯-amb ]qÀ®-{_- sN¿p¶ PnÚm-k p-¡ -f psS ap¼n {]Xy-£ -a m-I mÒ-t¯bpw kv]jvS-am¡n thÀXn-cn¨p ImWn-bv¡ p¶ \ncnbv¡p¶-sX¶p ]d-bm³ Ign-bn-Ã. `mhn-bnse XXz-hnsXfnª AXnÀ¯n- tc-J-I-sfm¶pw D]-\n-j- ¯p-IÄ hc¨p Nmcw \ho-\hpw Akm-[m-c-W-hp-amb GsXÃmw amÀ¤-§sh¨n-«nÃ. C\n \ma-Xns\ thÀXn-cn-bv¡p-¶]£w aqÀ¯- f-hXcn-¸n-¨mepw icn, Cu ZmÀi-\n-I-XXzw Ønc-ambn - -

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I \nev¡pw. CXn \n¶v Hcp-X-c-¯n-epÅ hyXn-bm-\-§fpw
D­m-h pI kw`m-hy-a-à .'' hnjb-hn-j-b n-I -f psS Cu XmZmßyw tIhew Hc-kv]jvS-k-¦ev]w am{X-aÃ, bpànbp-à-amb hnNmcw, A\p-`-hw, CÑm-iàn Ch-bpsS ^enXmÀ°-am-Wn-Xv. {]IrXn hnNm-c-tbm-Kyhpw tXmen-]n-bv¡s¸-Sm-hp-¶Xpw kvt\ln-bv¡m³ sImÅm- hp-¶-Xp-am-bn-cp-¶nsÃ-¦n a\p-jym-ßm-hn\v AXn-s\-¡p-dn¨v hnNm-cn-¡mt\m AXns\ Iogvs]-Sp-¯mt\m kvt\ln-bv¡mt\m Ign-bp-ambn-cp-¶n-Ã. {]IrXn Hcp hnjbnbpsS hnj-b-am-Wv. XnI¨pw _p²n-K-ayhpw bpàn-kw-K-Xhpw hi-s¸-Sp-¯m³ Ign-hpÅXpw kvt\ln-bv¡m³ AÀl-hp-am-Wv. a\p-jy-\p-th-­nbmWv CXv \ne-\n-ev¡p-¶-Xv. \£-{X-k-aqlw AXnsâ I¡ sImfp-¯ n-s h¨ Zo]-§ -f mWv; AÔ-I mcw AXns\ Dd- ¡m-\pÅ Xmcm-«p-]m-«pw. {]IrXn Pohn- X-¯nsâ Bßo-b-bm-YmÀ°y-¯ n-tebv¡ v \s½ hnfn-bv ¡p¶p; Bßm-hnsâ Bh-iy-I-X-Isf \nd-th-äp-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. {]Ir-X nsb \nÀ½n-bv¡p-¶ Xpw iàn-s ¸-Sp-¯ p-¶ Xpw sIm­p-\S-¯p-¶Xpw FÃmw Bßm-hp-Xs¶-bm-Wv. a\pjy³ hnNm-cn-¡m³ XpS§nb Imew sXm«v hnjb hnjbn-I-fpsS Cu GI-Xzw, FÃm-änepw hym]n-¨Xpw FÃm-änt\bpw X ¶n DÄs¡m-Åp-¶-Xp-amb Hcp tI{µ-k-¯bpsS AkvXnXzw; `à-P-\-§-fpsS kn²m-´-ambn hÀ¯nbv¡p-¶p. aX-]-camb cl-ky-hm-Zhpw AKm-[amb [À½\n-jvTbpw "AXp \o BIp¶p' "XXz-akn' F¶X valmhm-Iy-¯nsâ bmYmÀ°y-¯n\p km£n-bmWv. \ap-¡Xp a\-Ên-em-bn-s öp hcmw. F¶m AXn-s \-¸ -ä n-bpÅ AÚX \ap-¡-Xns\ \ntj-[n-bv¡m³ th­{X Imc-Wam-Ip-¶n-à . {_Òs ¯ k w_- Ô n- ¨ pÅ hnhn[[mc- W - I Ä Bßkw- _-Ôn-I-fmb hnhn-[m- i-§-tfmSpw tbmPn-bv¡p-¶p­v. adn-¨p-ap-­.v PmKrXn kz]v\w kpjp]vXn Bßm-hnsâ kam-[y-hØ Chsb ]n¡m- es¯ thZm-´- {K-Ù-§-fn thÀXn-cn¨p kv]jvS-am¡n ]d-ªn-«p-­v. Ah {_Òs¯ kw_-Ôn¨ hnhn-[-[m-c-WIsf A\p-Iq-en-bv¡p-¶p-ap-­v. ]c-{_Òw B\µw Xs¶-bm-Wv. AXp \mem-as¯ AXmbXv Xpco-bm-h-Ø-bn A`n-hy-à-am-Ip¶ Bß kzcq]w Xs¶-bmWv. AhnsS hnj-bhpw hnj-bnbpw H¶m-Ip-¶p. {ZjvSmhpw ZrjvSn-bpw Zr-iyhpw (Im-Wp-¶h\pw ImWp-¶I®pw ImW-s¸-Sp- ¶-h- kvXp-hpw) Hcp k¼qÀ®-{_-Ò- ¯n kt½-fn¨v GIm-Im-c-am-Ip-¶p. Bßmhv a\p-jysâ am\kn-Ihpw {]mW-i-àn-`q-Xhp-amb Bß-`m-h-t¯mSv XmZm ß yw Øm]n- b v ¡ p- t ¼mÄ {_Òw Cuiz- c - t âbpw a\pjymßmhn-tâbpw CS-bv¡pÅ lnc-Wy-KÀ`³ AYhm hnizm-ßm-hmbn Iotgm«p hcp-¶p. EtKz-Z-¯nsâ kzm[o-\iàn ImWmw. hniz-¯n\v Hcp tNX- \bpw Hcn-Ñm-i-ànbpw Ds­¶v Icp-Xs¸-Sp-¶p. a\Êv Ft¸mgpw ico-c-t¯m-SpIq-sS-bn-cn-bv¡p-¶p. a\-Ênsâ hnkvXr-X-]-cn-]mSnIÄ icoc-¯nsâ hnkvXr-X. hyh-ØI-tfm-sSm-¯p-t]m-Ipw. \mw Pohn-bv¡p¶ Cu hniz-¯n\v kz´-ambn Hcp a\-Êp­v; Cu a\Êv lncWyKÀ`-\m-Wv. Cu hnizmßmhns\Êw_ Ôn¨pff Bibw D]\nj¯pIfn ]e \ma§fnepw cq]§fnepw ImWmw CXns\ Imcy{_Òsa¶p ]dbp¶p. ImcW{_Òamb Cuizc\n \n¶v `n¶amWv Cu

Imcy{_Òw; krjvSnbv¡s¸Sp¶ FÃm hkvXp¡fptSbpw kap¨bamWv. AJne Imcy§fptSbpw tNX\mßIamb kap¨bw {_Òw AYhm lncWy KÀ`\mWv. CXp km£m {_Ò-¯n \n¶v kÀÆYm `n¶-a-Ã. {_Òw hnip-²-am-W v, hyàn-bm-Wv. AXoh kzmß-cq-]a m-W v. GIhpw AZzn-Xo-b-hp-am-W.v Hcp L«-¯n-eXp {kjvSm-hmbn AXmbXp Cuiz-c-\mbn ImW- s¸-Sp¶p; asäÃm ka-b¯pw AXns\ krjvSn-bmbn AXm-bXp lnc-Wy-KÀ`sâ cq]¯n ImWp-¶p. Cu {_Òm-hp-IqSn {_Ò-¯nÂ\n-¶mWp-Û-hn-bv¡p-¶-Xv. ""AXp-Xs¶-bmWv {_Òm-hnsâ DÛh-Øm-\w.'' ka-kvX-hn-j-b-{]-]-©-t¯bpw Xm§n \nev¡p¶Xv hnj-bn-bm-Wv. B hnj-bn, hyàn cq]n-Ifmb hnjbn-I-sfÃmw hnebw {]m]n¨p Ign-ªmepw {]]-©-c-N\bpsS k¦-ev]-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Sn-bn-cnbv¡p¶p. \mw Bßmhpw \½psS ico-chpw H¶m-sW¶p k¦-e v] n-bv¡ p-t¼mÄ {_Òw hniz-cq]n AXm-bXv hncm-«m-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. hncm«v ka-kvX-hp-am-Wv. k¼qÀ®-k-¦-ev]-¯nsâ kmc-`q-X-am-W.v Aán At±-l-¯nsâ inc-ÊmWv; kqcy-N-{µ-·mÀ I®p-IfmWv; \mep Zn¡p-Ifpw At±- l-¯nsâ sNhn-I-fm-W.v At±l-¯n- -\n-¶p- Xs¶ DÂ`-hn¨ {]kn-²-§fmb thZ§Ä hm¡m-Wv. hmbp {]mW-\m-Wv. kakvX hnizhpw At±-l-¯nsâ lrZ-b-am-Wv. At±-l-¯nsâ ]mZ-§fn \n¶mWv `qan-bp-­m-bXv. hncm-«nsâ icocw `uXn-I]ZmÀ°-§fpsS kwln-X-bm-Wv. hncm«v {]Xy-£-\mb Cuizc-\m-Wv. At±-l-¯nsâ C{µn-b-§Ä Zn¡p-Ifm-Wv. At±l-¯nsâ icocw ]©-`q-X§-fmWv; At±-l-¯nsâ tNX\-bm-Is« ""Rm³ kÀÆ-hp-amWv'' F¶ `mh-\-bm {]Imin-b v¡ p-¶ -X p-a m-W v. hncm-S v] p-cp-j sâ hnIm-k -¯ n\p ap¼mbn hniz- {]-Ú-sbt¶m lnc-Wy- KÀ`- s\t¶m ]d-bp¶ kq{X-ßm-hnsâ hnIm-k -ap-­m-bn-¡ -gn-ªn-cn-bv¡ p-¶p. kq£va-i-co-c-§-fpsS kwln-X-bm-W-t±l¯nsâ hml-\w. lnc-Wy-KÀ`\p tij-amWv hnc«v {]mZpÀ`-hn-bv¡p-¶-Xv. hncm-«nsâ cq]-¯n lnc-Wy-KÀ`³ {]Xy-£-\m-Ip-¶p. ]camÀ°k¯ kÂ, NnÂ, B\µw þ AXm-bXv ØnXn tNX\ ]c-a-kpJw F¶n-h-bpsS cq]-¯n-emWv hÀ®n-bv¡]-s¸«n-«p-Å-Xv. ""Úm\w, iàn, {Inb Ch-bm-WXnsâ kzcq]w.'' AXp kzbw Imc-W -a mWv. {_Òw-k¯pw NnÂkz-cq-]hpw A\-´-hp-am-W.v ]c-amÀ°-k¯ Hcp hnNmc-aÃ; Hcp iàn-bÃ; Xosc A\m-k-àamb _mly-hkvXp-hp-aÃ. F¶m-eXv ka-kvX-km-c`q-X-amb XXz-¯ntâbpw Pohn- X -k - ¯ - b p- t Sbpw BZÀi- ¯ n- t âbpw bmYmÀ°y-¯n-tâbpw Úm\w, t{]aw, kuµcyw Ch-bptSbpw kPo-hamb sFIy-amWv. AXv \ntj-[m-ß-Iamb A\n-Ýn-X-X-Xz-a-sÃ-¶n-cn-bv ¡nepw ap¼p ]d-ª-t]mse "t\Xn t\Xn' F¶v \ntj-[n-¨p-sImt­ AXns\ hÀ®nbv¡m-s\m-¡p-I-bp-Åp.

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Pohm-ß mhv
koan-X-]-ZmÀ°-§-fn Pohm-ßm-hn\v AXyp-¶X-bmYmÀ°y-ap-s­¶pw D]- \n-j- ¯p-IÄ Øm]n-bv¡p-¶p. AXv ]c-{_-Ò-a-sÃ-¦nepw ]c-{_-Òt¯m-tS-ä-hp-a-Sp¯p \nev¡p¶p. km´-amb Pohm-ßm-hns\ hniz-¯nsâ {]Xn-_n-_w_-sa¶ \ne-bn hÀ®n-bv¡p¶ D]-\n-jZzm-Iy-§-fp-ap­v. km´w A\-´am-bn-¯o-cm³ th­n {]bm-k-s¸-Sp¶ -

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I {]{In-b-bmWv Cu AJn-e-hn-izw-Xs¶. Cu {]£p-_v[mhØ Pohm-ßm-hnepw ImWp-¶p. ssX¯n-co-tbm-]\n-j¯n-¶-\p-k-cn¨ hniz-{_-Òm-WU-¯nsâ ]e LS-I-§fpw v Pohm-ßm-hn ImWp-¶p-­v. Aán-bpw Pehpw ]rYznbpw A\-´-k-¯-tbm-Sp-tNÀ¶mWv Pohm-ßm-hns\ krjvSn-¨n«p-Å-sX¶p ]d-ªn-cn-bv¡p-¶p. bYmÀ° k¯-bpsS hnhn-[m-h-ØIÄ H¯p-tN-cp¶ kt½-f-\-Øm-\-amWv am\-h³. {]mW³ hmbp-hn\pw AXmbXv ico-c-¯nse izmtkm-Ñzmkw PK-¯n \nc-´cw hoip¶ Imän-\pw, a\Êv BIm-i-¯n\pw AXm-bXv am\h a\Êv hniz-¯nse A´-co£(Cu-XÀ)-¯n\w A\-cq-]§-fm-bncn¡p-¶p. Øqe-i-co-cam-Is« hniz-¯nsâ `uXnI-hkvXp-¡tfmSpw B\p-cq]yw hln-¡p-¶p. a\p-jym-ßmhn\v PohÂk-¯-bpsS FÃm Ah-ØI-tfmSpw ASn-apSn _Ô-ap-­v. AXn-\p-Ån Hcp Znhy-X-Xz-ap-­v. AXp-sIm­mWv \mw ]c-am-\µw \ÂIp¶ tNX\ F¶p hyh-l-cn¡p¶ B\-µm-hØ-bp-­m-I-¶Xv. AXp-hgn A]qÀÆ-kµÀ`-§-fn \ap¡v (a-\p-jym-ßm-hn-\v) {_Ò-t¯mSv Gähp-a-Sp¯ k¼À¡-ap-­m-Ip-¶p. koan-X-amb "Alw' Asæn ico-c-[m-cn-bmb Poh³ C{µn-b-§-tfmSpw a\-tÊmSpw _Ôn¨p \n¡p¶ Bßm-hm-Wv. hn`n¶- X - ¯ z- § Ä AØn-c- a mb kam-\ -X -t bmsS hÀ¯n-bv¡p-¶p. ""c­p ]£n-Ifp-­v. Htc Xe-¯n-ep-Åh, AXy-´-an-{X-§Ä. Htc hr£s¯ B{i-bn-¨n-cn-bv¡p¶p. Ah-bn-s em¶v a[p-c-a mb ^ew Xn¶p-s Im-­ n-cnbv¡p¶p. F¶m atäXv X³ Xn¶msX AXv t\m¡ns¡m-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. AtX hr£-¯n-t·Â hniz hr£-¯nt·Âþ a\p-jy³ Cuiz-c-t\mSp IqsS Xma-kn-¡p-¶p. Xs¶ Npän ]nSn-¨n-cn-bv¡p¶ t¢i-§fpw IjvS-§-fpw ImcWambn aqÀÑn-¡p¶p; Xsâ \nÊ-lm-bm-h-Ø-bn ZpxJn-¡p¶p. F¶m AXv atä-Xns\- - ¡m-Wp-t¼mÄ PKÂ{]-`p-hmb Xsâ Iq«p-Im-cs\ ImWp-t¼mÄ þ B Zhy k¶n-[n-bn aXn-a-d-¶m-Ëm-Zn¡p-¶p. lm Fs´mcp tPymXnÊv! AtXmsS Ahsâ tÇi-§Ä Zqsc-b-I-ep-¶p.'' {]mIr-X\pw Znhy\pw X½n Ønc-amb s]mcp¯w {]m]n¨p Ign-ªn-«n-Ã. Pohmßm-hnsâ k¯ \nc-´cw ]cn-Wan-¨p-sIm-­n-cn¡p-¶p. Xm\-Ãm¯ H¶ns\ {]m]n-¡m³ ]n³Xp-SÀ¶p {]b-Xv\n¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. a\-jy-\n-epÅ Pohm-ßmhv A`n-apJo-I-cn-¡ p-¶-{]-i v\ -amWv \m\m-Xzw. AXn GIXzw Øm]n-¡m³ A\-´m-ßmhv Pohm-ßm-hns\ Blzm\w sNbvXp-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. km´hpw A\- ´hpw X½n-epÅ Cu ]nSn-hen hniz-{]-{In-b-bn-ep-S-\o-f-ap-Å-Xm-W.v AXv am\h-tN-X-\-bn-se¯n aqÀ²\yw {]m]n¡p-¶p. Ahsâ PohnX-¯nse _u²n-Ihpw sshIm-cn-Ihpw ss\Xn-I-hp-amb FÃm hi¯pw Cu kwLÀjw A\p-` -h -s ¸- Sp-¶ p. hyànXzw \ntÈjw hne-bn-¸n¡p-Ibpw, km´s¯ A\´-am¡n ]cn-hÀ¯\w sN¿p-Ibpw, am\-hXsb Znhy-Xbn apgp-In¡bpw sNbvXm am{Xta a\p- -jy\v ]qÀ®t{]- a-¯n-tâbpw ]qÀ®- kzm- X-{´¯n- tâbpw \nXy-k-Xy- §Ä hnf-§p¶ Cuizckm{am-Py-¯n-tebv¡v {]thiw e`n¡pI-bp-Åp. F¶m-eXv am\-h-cq]w [cn¨v km´-ambn hÀ¯n¡p-t¶-S-t¯mfw AXn\v ^e-{]m-]Xn-bp-­m-hn-Ã. A´n-av e£yw {]m]n¡m\pw Ign-bn-Ã. Cu kwLÀj-¯n-¶m-[m-

c-ambn ImW-s¸-Sp¶ k¯ X¶nÂ\n¶p Zqc-t¯bv¡v hncÂNq-­p¶p; AXp-sIm­v am\-Po-hn-Xt¯bpw AXn{I-an¨p apI-fn-tem«v t]mtI-­Xmbn hcp-¶p. km´-amb Pohm-ßmhv kzbw-]qÀ®-amb k¯-b-Ã. A§n-s\bmsW¦n ]c-am-ßmhv Pohm-ßm-hn-\m ]cn-an-X-amb asämcp kz{´-hy-àn-bm- bnt¸m-Ipw. Bßm-hnsâ bYmÀ°XbmWv A\-´w. Hgn-hm-t¡-­p¶ Ab-YmÀ°-X-b-mWv km´w. A´-cym-an-bmb Bßm-hns\ thÀs]-Sp-¯n-bm km´\mb Pohm-ßmhv X¶p- Ån- epÅ bYmÀ°-X-tbbpw ssIhn«p-Ifbp-¶p. A\-´¯nsâ km¶n[yw DÅn-ep-­m-Ip-¶- Xp-sIm-­mWv a\p-jym-ßm-hn\v DbÀ¶ ]Zhn e`n-¡p-¶Xv. Pohm-ßmhv D­m-Ip-¶Xpw \ne-\n-¡m³ Ign-bp-¶Xpw hniz Pohn-X-¯nÂ\n-¶m-Wv. Bßmhv ]qÀ®-amWv. (Sub Specie acternitztis) Bßm-¡Ä H¶p asäm-¶ns\ AIse amäp-Ibpw At\ym\yw _ln-jvI-cn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p¶p F¶ kn²m-´n¡p¶ Hcp a\x-im-kv{X-XXz-ap-­v. Cu _ln-jvIr-Xm-h-Ø-bpsS {]Xo-Xn-sIm-­p-am{Xw Bßmhv kÀÆYm thdn«p \n¡p¶p F¶p A\p-am-\n-t¡-­XnÃ. ChnsS ]rYàzw Hcp Xc-¯n t`Z-{]oXoXn am{X-amWv. CXns\ kmZr-iy-am-bn-«mWv Icp-tX-­Xv. AÃm-¯]£w CXv tIhew \½psS a\-Êp-I-fpsS A]-IÀj-Wambv t]mIpw. thdn-«p-\n-¡p¶ Bßm-¡-fpsS k¦Â]w kXyw, \·, kvt\lw F¶o BZÀi-§Ä¡v Øm\w \ÂIp-I-bn-Ã. C{]-Imcw a\-jy³ C¶pÅ \ne-bn ]qÀ®-\-söpw C¶p bYmÀ°-¯n-epÅ Bßm-hn-t\¡mÄ DbÀ¶ GtXm H¶p-s­¶pw AXns\ {]m]n-¡p¶Xp a\x-im-´n¡v AXym-h-iy-am-sW¶pw Hcp ap³[m-cW-bp-­m- Ip-¶p. Pohm-ßm-hnsâ kzX- {´-k-¯sb ]cn-tim[n-¨m AsXmcp shdpw {`aw am{X-am-sW¶p \ap¡p a\- Ên-em-Ipw. kap- Zm-b- ¯nÂ\n-¶-I-¶m a\p-jy³ ]ns¶sb-s´m-¶mWv? a\p-jy\v X¶n Xs¶-bpÅ kmam-\y-a\-ÊmWv bmYmÀ°yw \ÂIp- ¶-X.v kz´w \ne-bn Ah³ asä-´m-bmepw am\-h\m-Ip-¶n-Ã. hnhn-[-cq-]§-fn-epÅ kapZmbtNX-\sb kw_-Ôn-t¨-S-t¯mfw CXv kXy-amsW-¦nÂ, H«pw Ipd-h-Ã, kmap-Zm-bn-I-X-tb-¡mÄ IqSp-X DÂIr-jvS-amb kmam-\y-a-\Ên-s\-Êw-_-Ôn-¨pw! km´-§fmb a\-Êp-IÄ aX-¯nepw aX-¯n-\p-th-­nbpw B[ymßn- I-amb Hcp ]qÀ®-L-S-Is¯ \nÀ½n-¡p- ¶p-­v. F¶m bYmÀ°-¯n-ehbv¡v Ah-km\w t\m¡p-t¼mÄ ImWmhp¶ aqÀ¯-cq-]-an-Ã. Hc-Zr-iy-k-ap-Zm-b-¯nse AwK-§Ä F¶ \nebv¡ÃmsX Ahbv¡p Xnsc bmYmÀ°y-hp-anÃ. Npcp-¡-¯n ]d-bmw, A´-cym-an-bmb Bßm-hns\ Hgn-¨ p-a m-ä n-bm ]ns¶ aX-¯n\p thsd Bßm-¡Ä _m¡n-bp-­ m-hn-Ã. hyàn-bmb Pohm-ßmhv Xmgv¶ Xc-¯nÂs]« PU{]-Ir-Xn-tbmSv aÕ-cn¨p temI-¯n D¶-X-\mbn \n¡p¶p-s­-¦nepw A\p-`-h-tbm-Ky-§-fmb D¶-X-h-kvXp-¡-fn kap-¶X-\-Ã. \nc-´cw {]b-Xv\n¡p-¶Xpw F¶m kzct¨À¨-bn-Ãm-¯p-amb a\p-jym-ßmhv Xsâ Bß-kzm-X{´yhpw ka-c-kX km[n-¨m-epÅ BËmZhpw B\-µkzcq-]amb {_Òm-\-µ-ckhpw BÀÖn-t¡-­Xp-­v. a\pjysâ Df-fn-epÅ Cuiz-c³ Xs¶-¯m³ Xncn- ¨-dn- bp- t¼mÄ am{X-ta, BZÀiw AXnsâ ^e-{]m-]vXn-bn-se-¯p-t¼mtg

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I a\p-jy\p Xsâ ]c-ae-£ys¯ ]qÀ®-am-¡m³ Ign-bq. aÕ-c-§fpw At\ym- \y-hn- tcm-[§fpw Pohn-X-¯nse hntcm[m-`m-k-§fpw A]qÀ®-amb hnImk¯nsâ e£-W§fm-Wv. AXn-s¶-Xn-cmbn ]c-kv]c-s¸m-cp-¯hpw kt´mjhpw im´nbpw hnIm-k-{]-{Inb ]qÀ®-am-sb-¶Xn\p sXfn- hm-Ip-¶p. Pohm-ßm-hp- X-s¶- bmWv bp²-t£-{Xw. AhnsS-¯-s¶-bmWv aÕcw \S-¡p-¶Xv. BZÀiw ]qÀ®-amIp-hm³ bp²w Ah-km-\n-bv¡Ww; hntcm-[-§-fnÂ\n-¶p­mb thZ\ ian-¡p-Ibpw thWw. At¸mtg ]qÀ¯n-sb¯nb a\p-jy-\n Bcw-`n-¡p¶ Cuiz-cs\ {]m]n¡m\pÅ {]h-WXbv¡v XnI¨pw ^e-{]m-]vXn-bp-­m-hq. PK¯nse asäÃm hkvXp-¡-tf-¡mfpw DbÀ¶-h\mWv a\pjy³. A\-´-t¯mSp tNÀ¶ H¶m-Ip-t¼m-gmWv Ahsâ ]c-a-e£yw \nd-th-dp-I. {]Ir-Xn-bn Poh-iàn Hfn-ªncn-¸p-­v. PohnXw hnI-kn¡p-t¼mÄ {]Ir-Xn-bpsS ]c-ae£yw \nd-th-dp-¶p. Poh-iàn X¶n tNX-\sb Hfn¸n¨p kq£n-¡p¶p; AXp tNX-\sb XnI¨pw tamNn¸n¨p Ign-bp-t¼mÄ Pohsâ e£yhpw ]qÀ®-am-Ip¶p. {]ÚbpWÀ¶p {]Xy£amhpt¼mgmWv tNX\bpsS e£yw ]qÀ¯oIcn¡p¶Xv. D¶Xamb A´À±Ài\ ¯nse¯n apgpIpt¼mÄ {]Ú-bpsS kXyw kwkn-²am-Ip-¶p. B A´À±Ài-\-am-Is« hnNm-ctam hnIm-ctam CÑtbm AÃ; hnNmc-¯nsâ e£yhpw CÑ-bpsS {]m]yØm-\hpw hnIm-c¯nsâ ]qÀ®-X-bp-am-Wv. km´-amb Pohm-ßmhv ]c-am-ßm-hns\ Xms\-§p-\n-¶n-d-§n-h-¶pthm B ]c-{_-Òs¯ {]m-]n¡p-t¼mÄ Bßo-b-Po-hn-Xhpw e£yw {]m]n-¡p-¶p. ""Úm\n-bmb Hcp a\p-jy\v Pohmßmhv kÀÆ-kz-hp-am-Ip-¶p. Cu sFIyw Hcn-¡Â I­pI-gnª BÄ¡v ]n¶oSv ZpxJ-sa´v? IjvS-sa´v?''

¯m\pÅ \nÝnX-e-£y-am-Wv.

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D]-\n-j -¯p-I-fnse [À½-i mkv{ Xw
PK¯v ]pd-s¸-«p-h-cp-¶Xv ]c-am-ß-m-hn \n¶m-Wv. AXp-sIm­p Ahn- sS- ¯s¶ hn{i-aØm\w Is­- ¯-Ww. {]]©-{]{Inbbnem-Zy´w km´-\§-f-\-´-am-¡m³ \S¯p¶ ]cn-{iaw \mw ImWp-¶p. _m¡n-bpÅ CX-ckmwkm-cnI hkvXp-¡-sf- t¸m-se-¯s¶ a\p-jy³ X¶n A\´-¯nsâ k½À±-ap-s­-¶-dnªv kÀtÆm-¶- X-\mb ]cam ßmhns\ {Klnbv¡m³ ssI \o«p¶p. FÃm ]£nIfpw X§fpsS Bhmkhr£¯ntebv ¡v ]d¶p t]mIpw t]mse Cu PK¯msI B ]c-am-ßm-hn-tebv¡v t]mIp ¶p ""Rm³ A§n-cn-bn-¡p-¶-t]m-se-¯s¶ A§-bn {]th-in-bv¡s«tbm? {]t`m As§-¶n {]-th-inbv¡p Rm³ ]hn-{X\pw ip²-\p-am-Is«, {]t`m'' ""A§v Fsâ hn{i-a-Øm-\am-Wv.'' Cuiz-c-t\mSv sFIyw {]m]n¡-emWv a\p-jysâ BZÀiw. {]]-©-¯nse FÃm hkvXp-¡fpw A\-´s¯ Xnc- bp-I-bmWv; F¶m a\p- jy-\p- am-{Xta ]ca-e-£y-s¯-¡p-dn¨p [mc-Wbp-Åp CXp Xs¶-bmWv a\pjy-tN-X-\bpw aäp {]m]-©n-I-]-ZmÀ°-§-fp-am-bn-«pÅ A´-cw. bpK-bp-Km-´-c-§fmbn \S-¡p¶ hnIm-k-]cn-Wm-a§Ä¡p tij-amWv a\p-jy\v al-¯mb hnjz-]-²-Xn-sb¡p-dn¨v t_m[-ap­mbXv. A\-´¯nsâ Blzm-\-§sf Adn-bm³ Aht\ Ign-bq. Ah³ Xs¶-¡m-¯n-cn-bv¡p¶ kzÀ¤o- b-]- Z-hn-bn- tebv¡p t_m[-]qÀÆw k©-cn-bv¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. ]c-{_Òw km´-\mb Pohm-ßm-hn\p sNs¶

CXv A-Xy´w D¶-Xhpw ]qÀ®-hp-amWv Gähp-a[nIw Bimkyamb BZÀi-am-Wv. C¡mcyw ]e-hn[-¯nepw {]Xn-]m-Zn-¡-s ¸-« n-« p­v . ""AXv hni-¸nÂ\n¶pw Zml¯nÂ\n¶pw k¦-S-¯nÂ\n¶pw ]cn-{`-a-¯n \n¶pw hmÀ²-Iy-¯nÂ\n-¶pw arXyp-hnÂ\n¶pw tatebm-Wv.'' ""hniz-N-£ p-Ê mb kqcy³ AXy´w Zqc¯p ØnXn sN¿p¶p; I®p-IÄ¡p-­m-Ip¶ tcmK-§-sfm¶pw _m[nbv¡¶p-an-Ã. AXp t]mse-¯s¶ AJn-e-{]m-W-nI-fnepw IpSn-sIm-Åp¶ Cu GIm-ßmhv FÃm-änÂ\n¶pw AI¶p kwkm-c- Zpx-J-§-sfm¶pw hym]n-bv¡msX \nÀÃn-]X-\mbn v \ne-sIm-Åp-¶p. \m\m-Xz-{]-]-©-¯n Pohn-bv¡p¶, Hcp £p{Zm-ßm-hn\v kÀÆ-kzhpw ]W-b-s¸-Sp-¯p-I, tcmK§Ä¡pw IjvSm-\p-`-h-§Ä¡pw hnt[-b-\mbn hÀ¯n¡pI, CsXms¡ XoÀ¨-bmbpw \nÀ`m-Ky-am-W.v km´ k¯bn-te¡p \bn-¡p¶ Imc-W-§sf Hgn-hm-¡pI a\p-jysâ km[m-c-W-amb Dt±-iy-am-Wv. \m\m-Xz-¯n \n¶p GIXz-¯n-te¡p aS-§n-hcnI Hcm-ZÀi-e-£y-amWv; AXv ]ca-{]-[m-\hp-am-Wv. AXp a\p-jyÀ¡msI kwXr-]vXn-bp-fhm-¡p-¶ p. ssX¯n-co-tbm-] -\n-j-¯n-¶\p-k-c n¨v AXv v""{]mWm-cmaw a\ B\µw im´n-k-ar²w AarX''amWv. ""Poh\pw a\-Ên\w kt´m-j-hpw, im´n-bp-tS-bpw, \nXyX-bp-tSbpw ]qÀ®-X-bp-am-W.v \mw sImXn¨p ]n³Xp-SÀ¶psIm-­n-cn-¡p¶ XmWXcw e£y-§ Ä PohnX ico-ct¯bpw am\-kn-I-amb B{K-l-§-sfbpw Xr]vXn-s¸-Sp-¯nsb¶p hcmw. F¶m AsXÃmw CXn-epÄs¸-Sp¶p; CXv Ahsb AXn-ibn¨p \n¡p-¶p. \½psS ap¼n PohnX-¯nse hn`n-¶-\n-e-IÄ¡-\p-tbm-Py-amb ]e-Xcw kpJ§-fp-ap­v; Poh-\iàn \ÂIp¶ kpJw, C{µn-bm-\p-`-hP-\y-amb kpJw, am\-kn-I-kp-Jw, _p²n-]c-amb kpJw A§ns\ ]e-Xpw. F¶m FÃm-änepw sh¨v D¶-Xhpw DÂIr-jvS-hp-amb kpJw "B\µw' X¶-bm-W.v '' kZm-Nm-c-Po-hn-X-s¯-¸än NÀ¨ XpS-cp-¶-Xn-\p-ap-¼mbn D]-\n- -j¯p-I-fnse ZÀi-\-]-²-Xn-bn kZm-Nm-c-\n-b-a-§Ä D­m-Im-sa¶ A`n-{]m-b-¯n-s¶-Xn-cmbn D¶-bn-bv¡p¶ Bt£-]-§-sf-¡p-dn¨p hnNmcw sNbvXp-t\m¡mw. FÃmw H¶m-sW-¦n kZm-Nm-c-]c-amb _Ô-§Ä F§n-s\-bmWp-­m-hpI Fs¶mcp tNmZyw s]m§n-hcm-dp-­v. ]c{_Òw ]qÀ®-am-sW-¦n ]n¶oSv AXns\ {]m]n-bv¡m\pÅ {]b-X\¯nsâ Bh-iyw-X-s¶-bpt­m? Hä-s¸-Sepw v ]c-kv]-c-t`-Zhpw a\p-jy-Po-hn-X-§-fn auen-I-am-bn-«p-s­¦n ]ns¶ \t½mSv Ab¡m-cs\ kvt\ln-bv¡m\pw kvt\l-¯m kwkm-c-¯nsâ sFIyw t\Sm\pw ]d-bp¶-Xn-\À°anà F¶mWv D]-\n-j¯p-IÄ Nq­n-¡m-«p-¶Xv. Ab¡m-cs\ kvt\ln-¡m³ \t½mSv IÂ]n-¡- -p ¶ps­¦neXv FÃmw Xs¶ Hscmä bYmÀ°-k-¯-bn ØnXn-sN-¿p-¶-Xp-sIm-­m-W.v _mlyhpw AØn-c-hp-amb hyXy-kvX-XIsf AXnhÀ¯n-¨m Rm\pw Fsâ Ab ¡m-c\pw A´-cm-ßm-hn H¶p Xs¶-bm-Wv. ]qÀ®-ambp \nXy-ambpw hnip-²\pw _e- hm-\p-amb bmÀ°m-ßmhv tZiIm-em- Sn-Øm-\-¯n \S-¡p¶ ]cn-hÀ¯-\-§-fn \n¶pw tZi-Im- e-§-fn Øm\w- ]n-Sn-¨n-cn- ¡p¶ asä-Ãm-än \n¶pw AXo-X-\p-am-Wv. \mw kz´w Pohn-X¯nepw A\ycpsS -

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I Pohn-X-¯nepw GI-`mhw ImWpI F¶mWv XnIª \·tbm-Sp-IqSn Pohn-bv¡pI F¶-Xnsâ XmÂ]cyw. km´-\mb Bßmhv AXnsâ k¦p-Nn-X-amb hyàn-Xzs¯ AXnhÀ¯n¨p ]qÀ®-t¯mSp XmZmßyw {]m]n-¡p-t¼mtg a\pjysâ [mÀ½n-Ikz-`mhw Ft¸mgpw sImXn-¨p-sIm- ­n-cn¡p¶ Cu BZÀiw \nd-th-äm³ Ign-bq. tam£-amÀ¤w Btßm-¶-Xn-bpsS amÀK-amWv; \mw kz´w hyàn-Xzs¯ AXn-hÀ¯n¨v sNs¶¯n hn{iaw sImÅp¶ bYmÀ°-k¯- bmWv AXyp-´-k- ¯. B bYmÀ° k¯- sb-bmWv D]\n- j-¯p-IÄ Du¶n- ¸-d-bp-¶- X.v a\p-jy-\n Cuiz-c-\p-s­¶p ]d-bp-¶-Xp-sIm­p am{Xw FÃm ]pcp-j-{]-b-Xv\§Ä¡pw kam-]vXn-bmbn F¶À°w hcp-¶n-Ã. Cuiz-c³ a\p-jy-\n-ep-s­¶p XoÀ¨bm-Wv. ]t£, a\p-jy\v A\-h-[m-\XtbmSpw ]pcp-j-{]- b-Xv\hpw kwLÀjhpw IqSm-sX-bpw, ssIh-is¸-Sp¯n \nÀ¯m³ ]äp¶ hn[w {]Xy-£-cq-]¯n-eà Cuiz-c³ a\p-jy-\n km¶n[yw sImÅp-¶Xv; iIy-X-bpsS AYhm kw`m-hy- X-bpsS \ne- ¡m-Wv. iàn-sIm­pw {Inb-sIm­pw Cuiz-cs\ ]nSn-s¨-Sp-t¡-­Xv a\p-jysâ IÀ¯-hy-am-Wv. AXp sN¿m³ Ign-bn-sÃ-¦n a\p-jy-s\¶ \ne¡v IÀ¯hy-NypXn hcp-¶p. a\p-jysâ DÅn-epÅ Cuiz-c³ Hcp kXy-kw-`h-sa¶ t]mse-¯s¶ Hcp Npa-X-e-bp-am-W.v Hcp {]iv\-hp-amWv; Hcp ssIap-Xep-am-Wv. a\p-jy³ Xsâ AÚm-\-¯m `uXn-Ihpw am\-kn-Ihp-amb _mlym-hc-W-§-tfm-Sp-IqSn þ XmZmßyw Øm]n¡p-¶p. ]qÀ®-Xsb {]m]n¡m-\pÅ CÑ Ahsâ km´-X-tbmSv AYhm ]cnan-XntbmSv aÕ-cn¡p-¶p. ""Pohm-ßmhv Znhy kv^penw-K§-fm {]Im-in¡p-¶p-s­-¦nepw AXv ]qÀ®-ambpw Znhya-Ã. At±-l-¯nsâ ssZho-IX bYmÀ°-a-Ã. ]qÀ®-Xsb {]m]n-bv¡m³ D¡-tS-ÑbpÅ Hco-iz-cmwiw am{X-am-W-X.v C¶pÅ \ne-bn-eXv a¬X-cnbpw tZh-X-bp-amWv; ]Xnbpw (Cu-iz-c³) ]iphpw tNÀ¶p-­m-bXm-Wv. A\-oiz-c-XXzs¯ CÃmbva sN¿emWv [À½-im-kv{X-¯nsâ NpaXe; AXns\ \in-¸n-¨p-sIm-­Ã; ssZhoI iàn-sIm­-Xns\ ]qcn-¸n-¨p-sIm­v.'' {]Ir-XnbpsS km´-amb ss]Xr-I-¯n-t âbpw Bß-k -¯-bpsS A\-´-§-fmb BZÀi-§fp-tSbpw CSbv¡v \n¡p¶ sshcp²yamWv a\p-jy³. Ah\v {]Ir-Xn-bp-sS -hn-irw-J-e- X-Xz-§sf Cuizc-k-¯-bn-tebv¡v Xmgv¯n-s¡m-­p-h¶v Xsâ Pohn-Xe£yw km[n¡m³ {]b-Xv\n-t¡-­-Xm-bn- «p- ­v. Xsâ eLp Pohn-Xs¯ aqSnb HmSv s]m«n¨v t{]a-¯n-ep-cpIn Znhymßm-hn-t\mSp tNÀs¶m-¶m-bn-¯o-cp-I-bmWv a\p-jysâ e£ yw. km´ - ¯ n- t âbpw A \- ´ - ¯ n- t â- b p- a n- S ¡v kwLÀj-kz-cq-]ambpw, ssZho Bkpco XXz-§Ä¡n-Sbn kw{Km-akz-cq-]-ambpw hÀ¯n-¡p¶ a\pjy PohnXs¯ kw_-Ôn-t¨-S-t¯mfw [À½-im-kv{X-kw-_-Ô-amb {]iv\-§Ä¡v AXy´w {]m[m-\y-ap­v. kwLÀj-¯n\p th­n P\n-¨h\mWv a\p-jy³. FXnÀ¸-\p-`-h-s¸-Sp-¶Xp- hsc Ah\v Bß-ZÀi\w e`n¡p-Ibn-Ã. Bß-k m- £ m¡m-c -a mWv [À½-i m-k v{ X- ¯ nsâ BZÀiw. Bß-Úm-\-]qÀÆI-amb kz`m-h-amWv kZm-Nmc-kz-`m-hw. Bßm-sh-¶-Xn\v FÃm-¯cw ZuÀº-eyhpw kwkv¡m-c-l m-\ n-b p-a p-Å, kzmÀ°-io-e hpw eLp-X z-

hpapÅ, C{µn-bm-\p-`-hw-sIm-Åp¶ "Rm³' F¶Ã XmÂ]cy-sa-¦nÂ, hyàn-]c-amb kzmÀ°-¯nsâ FÃm-Xcw _Ô-\§-fn \n¶pw apà-\mb a\p-jy-sâ AKm-[kz-cq]-amWv D±n-jvSmÀ°-sa-¦n ap³]-dª hymJym\w icnbm-W.v arKo-bm-ßm-hnsâ hmk-\-Ifpw hnIm-c-§-fpw, Al¦m-c-¯nsâ Pohn-X-hym-]vXnsb Npcp-¡p-¶p. AXp-sIm-­hsb \ntcm-[n¨p \nÀt¯-­-Xp-­v. Bßm-hnsâ D¶Xnbv¡pw AXyp-¶-X-k-¯-bpsS km£m¡m-c-¯n\pw th­n XS-Ê-§-tfbpw FXn-cmb kzm[n-\-i-àn-I-tfbpw HXp¡n \nÀt¯-­ n- b n- cn- ¡ p-¶ p. [mÀ½nI PohnXw Úm\m-ß-Ihpw XÀ¡-kw-K-X-hp-am-Wv. AXp tIhew kl-P-hm-k-\-I- fp-tSbpw C{µn-bm-\p-`-h-§-fp-tSbpw PohnX-aÃ. ""Bßm-hns\ ico-c-am-Ip¶ cY-¯n ØnXn-sN¿p¶ bP-am-\\m-b-dn-bp-I, _p²nsb tXcm-fn-bmbpw a\Êns\ ISn-ªm-Wm-bpw, C{µn-b-§sf IpXn-c-I-fm-bpw, C{µnb-hn-j-b-§sf cY-ho-Yn-I-fmbpw Adn-ªp-sIm-Åp-I. C{µnb-§fpw a\Êpw tNÀ¶ Pnh-ßm-hns\ hnth-Iim-en-IÄ t`màm-sh¶p ]d-bp-¶p F¶m ZpÀº-e\pw hnth-I-iq\y-\p-amb hyàn-bpsS C{µn-b-§Ä Ah-s¶m-Xp-§n-\nev¡p-¶n-Ã. Ahsâ C{µn-b-§Ä tXcm-fn-bpsS hnd-fn-¡pXn-c-I-sf-t¸mse \nb-{´Ww hnt«m-Sp-¶p. hnth-Inbpw ZrVNn-¯-\p-amb hyà-nbpsS C{µn-b-§Ä tXcm-fn-bpsS A\pk-c-W-i o-e-cmb IpXn-cI -sf-t¸mse kp\n-b -{´- -fm-bn-cnbv¡p¶p. Úm\-lo-\\pw hnNm-c-iq-\y\pw A]-hn-{X-\pam-b-h³ Hcn-¡epw Aar-XXzw {]m]n¡p-I-bnÃ; A`u-XnIm-h-Ø-bnepw F¯p-I-bn-Ã. Ah³ ho­pw ho­pw P\\- a - c - W - N - { I- § - f n IpSp- § n- ¡ - d - § p- ¶ p. F¶m Úm\nbpw hnth-I-im-enbpw ]cn-ip-²-\p-am-b-h³ ho­pw P\-\-a-cW-N-{I-¯n-te¡p aS-§n-h-cm¯ kpc-£n-Xm-hØsb {]m]n¡-p-¶p.'' B{K-l§-fpsS ISn-ªm-Wn-Ãm¯ Hm«s¯ XSp-t¡-­-Xp-­v. Np¡m³ ]nSn¡p-¶Xv B{K-l§-fm-sW-¦n Bßm-hnâ I¸Â s]mfn-ªXv XoÀ¨! a\pjy-Po-hn-X-¯nsâ [À½w AX-sÃ-¶Xp Xs¶ Imc-Ww. XÀ¡-bpàn \nÀt±-in¡p¶ BZÀis¯ \mwkzo-I-cn¡p¶n-sÃ-¦nÂ, IqSp-X DbÀ¶-X-c-¯n-epÅ Hcp [mÀ½n-I\n-b-as¯ ssIs¡m-Åp-¶n-sÃ-¦nÂ, \½psS PohnXw e£y-ln-\hpw Dt±-iy-c-ln-X-hp-amb arK-Po-hn-X-¯n\v Xpeyam-bn-t¸m-Ipw. kvt\ln¨pw shdp-¯pw, Dt±-iyhpw ImcWhpw IqSmsX ]c-kv]cw BtÇ-jn¨pw Ip¯n-s¡m¶pw A\n-b-X-ambn Xnc¡p ]nSn¨ PohnXw \bn-¨p-sIm-­n-cnbv¡ pw. kptJm-]-t`m-K-¯n-epÅ cks¯ FÃm-än\pw e£yam-bn-¡-W¡m-¡p-¶-]£w \½psS PohnXw a\ptjym-Nn-XaÃm¯ hn[-¯n [À½-Nyp-Xambn Zpjn¨p - t]mIp-¶p. arK-§Ä X§-fpsS kl-P-hm-k-\Isf D]tbm-Kn¡p¶ coXn-bn Xs¶-bmWv a\p-jy³ _p²n-bps­¶ Imc-W-¯m am{Xw arK-kz-`m-h-¯n \n¶p H«pw Db-cp-¶nÃ. euIn-I- ]ZmÀ°-§sf tZh-X-Ifmbn KWn¡p-¶Xpw Bcm-[n-¡p-¶Xpw Zpcm-Nm-cn-Ifm-Wv. ""Ct¸mÄ hntcm-N\³ Xsâ Nn´-bpsS ]cn-Wm-a¯n kwXr-]vX\m-bn. Akp-c-·m-cpsS ASp-¯p tN¶v AhÀ¡p-]-tZiw \evIm³ XpS-§n. tIhew ico-c[mcn-bmb Bßm-hn-s\bmWv ]qPnt¡­Xv. AXn-s\-¯-s¶-bmWv tkhnt¡-­Xv. ico-cs¯ ]qPn¨pw AXnsâ tkh-\¯n apgp-Inbpw -

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I Ign-bp-¶-h\v Cl-tem-Ihpw ]c-tem-Ihpw c­pw {]m]vX-

\pw-Xs¶ AXp \ap¡p F¯n-¨p-Xcm-\m-hn-Ã. \mw km´am-Ip-¶p. AXp-sIm­v Zm\w sN¿m-¯-h\pw Cuiz-c-hn- h-k vXp-¡sf tXSp-¶p; Ah \ap¡p e`n-¡p-¶p-ap-­v. izm-k-an-Ãm-¯-h\pw bÚw A\-jvTn-bv¡m-¯-h-\p-amb F¶m Ah-bn k´r-]vXn-bn-Ã, AJn-e-hn-iz-s¯bpw Hcp a\p-jys\ AhÀ Ct¸mgpw Akp-c-s\¶p ]d-bp- \mw B{I-an¨p Iog-S¡nF¶p hcmw; At¸mgpw Iog-S-¡m¶p. ImcWw CsXÃmw Akp-c-·m-cpsS kn²m-´-am-Wv.'' \mbn C\nbpw hniz-§-fp-­m-bn-ÃtÃm F¶v tJZn¨v s\SpC§-s\-bmWv \½psS PohnXw \bn-bv¡-s¸-Sp-¶sX-¦n hoÀ¸nSpw. ""Ah³ FhnsS F¯n-t¨À¶mepw Ahn-Sp¶p AXv \njv^-e-§-fmb Bi-IÄ¡pw `b-§Ä¡pw hnt[- A¸pdw t]mIm- \ m- { K- l n- ¡ p- ¶ p. BI- i - ¯ p- X s¶ b-a m- b n- cn- b v ¡ pw. ""hnth- I -] qÀ®-a mb Pohn- X - ¯ n sNs¶¯n F¶p- sh¡pI Ahn-Sp¶pw At§- ¸p-d-t¯bv¡v sFIyhpw kmwK-Xyhpw kv]jvS-ambn ImWm³ Ign-bpw. t]mIm³ sImXn¡pw'' \½-fn A[n-I]£w Bfp-Ifpw a\p-jy-Po-hn-X-¯nsâ hnhn-[-`m-K§fpw {Ia-_-²-am-bn-cn- ""[\-k-¼-¯nsâ amÀ¤-¯n-emWv Ncn-bv¡p-¶-Xv. F¶m-embv¡pw. Hcp-¶-Xm-ZÀis¯ A`n-hy-RvPn-¸n-¡p-¶-Xp-am-bn-cn- h-gn-bnÂsh¨v ]ecpw \in-¨p-t]m-Ip-¶p.''C{µn-b-hn-j-b-§bv¡pw. XÀ¡bp-àn- bpsS kYm-\¯v C{µn- b- §- fmWv \s½ fpsS Zmkyw hln-¨p-sIm­pw _mly-k-¼-¯p-I-tfmSv H«n\bn-¡p-I-sb-¦n hnIm-c§fpw hmk-\Ifpw AØn-ca- bn-cp¶pw \mw kXym-ßm-hns\ ImWmsX t]mIp-¶p. ""[\t\m-hr-¯n-Ifpw am{Xw {]Xn-^-en-¸n-bv¡p¶ Hcp I®mSn ¯m-sem-cp-¯\pw kpJn-X-\m-Im³ Ign-bn-Ã.'' ""[\-tam-lam{X-am-bn-cnbv¡pw \½psS Pohn-X w. ]c-kv]c-_-Ô-an- ¯m aqV-\mb bphm-hnsâ ZrjvSn-bn ]c-temI Nn´ Ãm¯ NnX-dnb kw`-h-§-fpsS Hcp N§e am{X-amb DZn-bv¡p-t¶-bn-Ã. "CXp-X-s¶-bmWv temIw, asämcp temIPohnXw sIm­v Hcp {]tbm-P\hp-an-Ã. AXn\v \nÀÆln- anÃ' F¶h³ Nn´n¡p-¶ p. C§-s \-b -h ³ ho­pw - bv¡ m³ Hcp Imcy-hp-an-Ã. t\Sm-s \mcp e£y-hp-an-à . ho­pw arXyp-hnsâ ]nSn-bn s]Sp-¶p.'' ""Aar-XXz-sahnthI ]qÀ®-amb Hcp Pohn-X¯n- Hmtcm IÀ½-]cn- s´-¶-dn-bp¶ Úm\n-IÄ Ch-nsS-bpÅ A\n-Xy-h-kvXp]m-Snbpw AwKo-I -cn¡-s ¸-Sp-¶-X n\p ap¼v BZy-ambn ¡-fn \nXy-h-kvXpsh tXSp-¶nÃ'' Cuiz-c-\nÂ\n-¶p-hnXÀ¡bpànbpsS tImSXn ap¼msI sIm-­p-hcpw; D¶- tbmKw {]m]n¨ a\p-jy³ ITn-\-Zpx-J-a-\p-`-hn-¡p-¶p, CuizX-e£yw {]m]n-bv¡m³ AXn\v Ign-hpt­m F¶v ]cn- c- t\m- SpÅ tNÀ¨-sIm-­-ÃmsX asäm¶p sIm­pw Ahsâ tim-[n¡pw DNn-X-am-sW¶v I­m Pohm-ßm-hns\ kzoI- lrZ-b-¯nsâ hni¸p ian¡p-I-bn-Ã. BZÀi-kp-µ-chpw cnbv¡pw'' If-¦ta-im-¯hn[w ]hn-{Xhpamb Hcp k¯sb {]m]n¡m³ th­n-bpÅ Bßm-hnsâ AXn-cä B{K-l-§sf temI-t¯mSp \nkzmÀ°-`-àn-bpÅ Pohn-Xw-X-s¶bmWv hnth-I-]qÀ®-amb Pohn-Xw. Pohm-ßmhv ]c-am-ßm- tZi-Im-em-h-[n-bp-ÅXpw C{µn-b- _-²-§-fp-amb ]ZmÀ°-§hnsâ Awiw am{X-am-sW¶pw ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ Imcy-sam- sf-s¡m­p \nd-th-äm-\m-hn-Ã, A\y-k-¯tbmSpÅ t{]agn¨v Pohm-ßm-hn\v bmsXmcp kzmÀ°-XmÂ]-cy-hp-an- ¯n-eqsS Hcp ]c-a-tbm-K y-k -¯sb {]m]n-bv¡ m-\ pÅ söpw XÀ¡-_p²n \s½ D]-tZ-in-¡p-¶p. C{µn-bm-\p-`- BZÀiw Is­-¯ m³ B{K-ln¡p-¶-hÀ ]e-cp-ap-­ v. h-t¯m-Sp-IqSnb thdn« Pohn-Xap-s­¶ hnNmcw Ah³ F¶m B A\-\y-k¯ tZi-Im-em-h-[n-I-fpÅ a\p-jymssIsbm- gn-¨mÂam-{Xta `mKy-¯n-tâbpw Nm]-ey- ¯ntâbpw ßm- hm-Ip-t¶- S-t¯mfw Ah-cpsS BZÀiw Hcn-¡epw {]m]n_Ô-\-¯n \n¶-h³ apàn t\Sp-Ibp-Åp. Pohm-ßmhv ¡m³ Ign-bn-Ã, asämcp am\-hk-¯¡p-Ån kv{XobmInepw ]pcp-j-\m-Inepw kuµ-cy-¯n-tâbpw t{]a-¯nkzmÀ°-Imcy§Ä sNbvXpsNbvXv HSp-hn Xm³ kzbw D­m-¡nb IpSp-¡nÂs¸-«p-t]m-Ip-¶p. ho­pw hym]-I-amb tâbpw ]qÀ®-cq]w Xnc-bp-¶Xv Xs¶-¯m³ h©n-¡emIpw. ]qÀ®-XbpsS km£m¡mcw \nXy-¯nte km[yhnizm-ß-Po-hn-X-¯n A[n-Imcw Ah-Im-is¸-Sm-dm-Ip-¶Xp-h sc AtX-] Sn _Ô- -\ ¯n InS-t ¡-­ n-h -cp-¶ p. am-Iq. CXn-¶m-It« kwkm-c-¯n \n¶pw kmwkm-cn-I-[C¯cw klm-\ p-` q-X n-b psS amÀ¤w FÃm-hÀ¡p-a mbn \-k-¼-¯p-I-fnÂ\n¶pw _Ô-apàn Bh-iy-am-Wv. {]]Xpd¶p sh¨n-cn-bv¡p¶p; AXv Bß-hn-kvar-Xn-bn-te¡v ©-ssh-cm-Ky-¯n -Zpx-Jtam-N\w t\Sn-bn-cp-¶-hÀ BZyImew apXÂt¡-bp-­v. ]p{X-I-f-{Xm-Zn-I-tfbpw Ømh-c-Pw\bn-¡p-¶-Xp-amWv'' K-a-h-kvXp-¡-tf-bp-ap-t]-£n¨v `n£mw-tZ-ln-I-fmbn \nkz""A\´w B\-µ-a-b-amWv; km´-]-ZmÀ°-§-fn B\X-bnepw Pohn-Xip-²n-bnepw tam£w t\Sm-sa¶ B{K-lµ-an-Ã.'' bmÚ-hÂIy³ kÀÆ-kzhp-ap-t]-£n¨p Im«nt¯msS Krl-§-fn \n¶n-d-§n-¯n-cn-¨-hÀ [mcm-fap-­mtebv¡p ]pd-s¸-Sp¶ ka-b¯p Xsâ k¼¯p apgph³ bn-cp- ¶p. Krl-Ø-Po-hn-X-t¯m-SpÅ _Ô-§-f-dp-¯n-d-§nb ]Xv\n-am-cmb ImÀXym-b-\n¡pw ssat{X-bn¡pw `mKn-¨p- sImCu X]-kzn-k-ap-Zm-b-amWv _u²-cpsS {ia-W{]-Øm-\Sp-¡m-s\m-cp-§n. ssat{X-bn¡v Xms\´p sN¿-W-sa¶p ¯n\v hgn sXfn-bn-¨-Xv. XymK-]qÀ®-amb PohnXw tam£tXm¶n-bn-Ã. AhÀ Xsâ KmÀlØy kma-{K-ln-IÄ¡n-S¯n-\pÅ apJy-amÀ¤-ambn AwKo-Icnbv¡s¸-«p. bn-en-cp¶p AXy-´-Zpx-Jt ¯msS ]pdsa Im«n-tebv¡p D]-\n-j¯p-¡Ä kZm-Nm-c-Po-hn-X-¯nsâ B`y-´c t\m¡m³ XpS-§n. A¶-hÀ Dt±-iy-c-ln-X-ambn hn{i-a-anÃmsX _²-s¸«p tPmen-sN-bvXp-sIm-­n-cp¶ Hcp km[p- kz`m-h-§-fn \njv¡Àj sNep-¯m\pw BNm-c-¯n-sâ a-\p-jys\ Ipsd KpW-tZm-jn-¨p. km´-]-ZmÀ°-§sf D]- t{]cI kz`m-h-¯n\v AXy´w {]m[m\yw Iev]n¡m-\pI-c-W-am-¡n-s¡m­p \msa-s´-¦n-ep-sam¶v km[n¡m³ an-Sbm-bn. ]pdsa ImWp¶ B\p-cq-]y-s¯-¡mfpw B´{ian-¨m AXnsâ hn]-co-X-^e-am-Wp-­m-hpI, \½psS c-amb ]cn-ip-²n-bmWv {][m-\w. D]-\n-j¯p-IÄ "tamãnA´-cm- ßmhv bYmÀ°-k- ´r- ]Xn-¡p-th­n sImXn-¨p-sIm- ¡-cpXv' "sImÃ-cpXv' F¶p am{X-aà ]d-bp-¶-X.v ""Zqsc ]nSnv ­n-cn¡p¶p; F¶m A\-´-¯nÂ\n¶p \yq\-amb H¶n- bv¡-cpXv'' ""Bscbpw shdp-¡cpXv t{Im[-¯n\pw ZpÀhn-

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I Im-c-§Ä¡pw Zpcm-{K-l-§Ä¡pw hio-`q-X-\m-I-cpXv'' F¶pw
{]Jym-]n-bv¡p-¶p-­v. a\-ÊmZyw ]cn-ip-²am-¡Ww; thÀ A§n-s\- ¯s¶\nÀ¯n hr£-¯nsâ Ce-IÄ am{Xw apdn¨p-I-f-b p-¶-X p-sIm­p t{]mP-\-sam-¶ p-a n-Ã. BN-c-W ¯nsâ ta· \nÀ®-bn¡p-¶Xv hnj-bnsb kw_-Ôn¨ (A[n-Im-cn-IX) tbmKy-Xbpw XymK-¯nsâ am{Xbpw ]cnK-Wn-¨m-W.v ka-kvX-hn-izhpw a\p-jym-ßm-hn-s\-t¸m-se-¯s¶ ]cam-ß m-h n \n¶v DÛ-h n-¨X mbn \mw a\-Ê n-em-¡-Wsa¶mWv D]-\n-j¯p-¡Ä A\p-im-kn-¡p-¶X.v t{]a-kzcq-]-\m-Wo-iz-c³. Cuiz-cs\ kvt\ln-¡pI B\-µ-am-Wv, Cuiz-c-t\mSp t{]a-an-Ãm-Xn-cn-¡pI ZpxJ-ImcW-am-Wv. ]cam-ßm-hn-t\m-SpÅ t{]a-¯m Úm\hpw Aa-c-Xzhpw kn²n-bv¡p-¶p. Cuiz-c-t\m-Sv t{]a-an-Ãm-Xn-cp-¶m kwib-{`aw ZpxJw arXyp Ch-bv ¡n-cbm-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. FÃm bYmÀ°-aX§-fnepw kÀtÆm-¶-X-amb Cu Bibw ImWmw. ""F\n-s¡-Xn-cmbn ]m]w sN¿p-¶h³ kz´w Bßm-hn-s¶-Xn-cmbn sXäp sN¿p-¶p. Fs¶ shdp¡p-¶h-scÃmw arXypsh kvt\ln-¡p-¶p.'' ]m]n-bmb a\p-jy³ Bß-Lm-Xn-bm-Wv. A¯-c¡msc ""Bß-lt\m P\mx'' F¶mWv D]-\n-j-¯p-IÄ hnfn¡p-¶Xv. kzmÀ°-amb FÃm {]b-X\-§-tfbpw XyPn-¡m³ D]v \n-j-¯p-IÄ \s½ t{]cn-¸n¡p-¶p. F¶m FÃm XmÂ]cy-§fpw Dt]-£n-t¡-­-Xn-Ã. Alw-`m-h-¯n \n¶-I¶p \n¡m\pw Cuiz-c-t\mSp kwbp-àcmbn \n¡m-\pamWv D]-\n-j-¯p-IÄ Bh-iy-s¸-Sp-¶Xv. Hcm-ZÀi-b-Xn¡v B{K-l-§-fp-­mIpw; Ah kzmÀ°-]-c-am-hn-sÃ-t¶-bp-Åp. ""CÑ-bn-Ãm-¯-h-\pw, CÑ-bn \n¶v AXo-X-\pw, CÑm]qÀ¯n-h¶h\pw, Bßm-hns\ CÑn-¡p-¶h\pw {_Ò- - am- bn-cp- ¶p-sIm-­p-Xs¶ {_Òs¯ {]m]n¡p-¶p.'' \t½mSv Dt]-£n-bv¡m³ ]d-bp¶ Imaw bYmÀ°-¯n CÑ-b-Ã. AXv tIhew arK-k-l-P-amb B{K-l-am-Wv, Ima-hm-k-\bmWv; arK-cq-]-\mb a\p-jysâ C{µn-bm-tem-ep-]-X-bm-Wv. Ima-¯n \n¶p kzmX{´yw t\Sm\pw imkv{X-§Ä D]tZ-in-bv¡p-¶p. ]t£ CXp shdpw \njv{In-b-X-bm-hn-Ã. Ima-¯n-tâ-bpw- Zp-cm-{Kl¯n-tâbpw \njvTpcim-k-\-¯n \n¶pw _mly-h-kv X p-¡ -fpsS BIÀj-I -tim-` -I -fn \n¶pw apàn t\Sm³ kl-P-hm-k-\m-P-\y-amb D¡-Sm`n-em-£-§-fpsS k¼qÀ¯nbn \n¶pw apàn t\Sm³ \t½m-S-\p-im-kn-¡p-¶p-­v. bYmÀ°-amb CÑsb \ntcm[n-¨n-«n-Ã. AsXÃmw hnj-bs¯ B{ibn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. Hcp a\p-jysâ sImXn amwk-ku-µ-cy-¯n-se-¦n Ah³ hy`nNm-cn-bm-bn-¯ocpw; kpµ-c-h-kvXp-¡-fn-em-Wm-{K-l-sa-¦n Ah³ Iem-Im-c-\mbncn¡pw; Cuiz-c-\n-em-sW-¦n Ejnbm-bn-¯o-cpw. tam£-¯nepw Úm\-¯n-ep-apÅ B{K-l¯n\p {]map Jyw Iev]n-¨n- cn¡p-¶p. CÑ-Isf kXy-sa¶pw anYysb ¶pw c­mbn Xcw-Xn-cn-¨n-cn-bv¡p-¶p. \t½mSv ktXy-Ñ-Ifn ]¦p-tN-cm³ Bh-iy-s¸-Sp-¶p. Hcp \NntI-XÊnsâ ]nXr-`-ànbpw [À½-\n-jvTbpw Hcp kmhn{Xn-bpsS Zr-Vt{]-ahpw ]Xn `ànbpw Zqj-Wa-Ã. krjvSnIÀ¯m-hnsâ "Ima'¯n\p CÑ-sb-¶m-WÀ°w. ""Rm³ At\-I-§-fm-bn-¯o-cs« F¶-h³ B{K-ln¨p (A-Im-abX)'' ]c-ta-iz-c\pw CÑn-¡p-¶p-sh-¦n \ap-s¡-´p-sIm-­-

`n-am-\w, tcmjw, Ima-hm-k\ apX-emb hnIm-c§sf Hgnbv¡m³ \t½mSv \nÀt±-in-¨n-«p-­v. F¶m t{]a-¯nsâ tIma-fhn-Im-c-§-fmb ka-kvt\-lhpw A\p-I-¼bpw Hgnhm-¡-W-sa¶p ]d-ªn-«n-Ã. Bß-km-£m¡m-c-¯n- \mbn X]-Êp-sN-¿-W-sa¶v D]-\n-j-¯p-¡-fn-e§n-§mbn \nÀt±i- §Ä ImWm-sa- ¶Xv icn-bm- W.v F¶m X]-Ên\p Bßi-àn-bpsS hnIm-kw, ico-c-Zm-ky-¯nÂ\n¶v Bßm-hnsâ tamN-\w, a\-Ênsâ Kw`o-cNn-´, a\-Êns\ kzbw iàam-¡pI Fs¶Ãm-am-WÀ°w; ""bmsXm-cm-fpsS X]Êp Úm\-a-b-am-sW- ¦nÂ'' PohnXw Hcp atlm-Õ-h-am-Wv. AXnte¡p £bn¡-s¸-«-h-cmWv \msa-Ãmw. AhnsS \ap¡v X]tÊm Bß-Xym-Ktam Zm\tam HuZm-cytam BÀÖhtam kXy-amb hyh-lm-ctam Alnw-ktbm aäp-Å-hsc thZ-\n-¸n-¡m-Xn-cn-¡tem kXy-h-N-\tam {]ZÀin-¸n-¡mw. X]Êv AsÃ-¦n XymKw-sIm­v tZymXn-¸n-¡-s¸-Sp-¶Xv \nc-t]-£-`m-h-am-Wv. ""IÀ½w sImt­m k´-Xn-sImt­m k¼-¯p-sImt­m Aà XymKw- sIm-­mWv Aa- cXzw {]m]n¡m³ Ign-bp-¶Xv'' Omtµm-tKym-]-\n-j-¯n ""{i²m X]'' {i²-Xs¶bmWv X]-sʶp ]d-ªn-cn-¡p-¶p. _mly-]ZmÀ°-§-fpsS _Ô-tam-N-\-¯n-\mbn HcmÄ h\m-´c¯nse GIm-´-X-bn-te-s¡m¶pw t]mtI-­-Xn-Ã. kmwkmcn-I-]-ZmÀ°-§-fp-am-bpÅ Ah-in-jvS_Ôw s]s«-¶-dp¯p-I-f-bm³ th­n GIm-´-hm-k-¯n\p iàn-Iq-«p-Itbm X]-Êp-sN-¿p-Itbm th­-Xn-Ã. ""XymK-t¯m-Sp-IqSn A\p`-hn¨psImÅpI'' (tX\ Xytà\ `pRvPo-Ymx) F¶p Cutim-]\n-j-¯n ]d-ªn-«p-­v. Cu kmwkm-cn-Iamb [\-k-¼-¯p-I-fp-tSbpw kma-{K-nI-fp-tSbpw A\À°-Im-cnbmb `mcw-sIm­p \mw Ip\n-ª-a-cm-sX-bm-bmte \ap-¡oP-K-¯n-se-B-\-µ-am-kz-Zn-¡m³ Ign-bq. tem`-¯n\pw Zpcm{K-l¯n\pw \mw Xotc Øm\w \ÂIm-Xn-cn¡p¶ ]£w \ap¡o temI-¯n cmPm-¡·m-sc-t¸mse hmgmw. \½psS- kmw-km-cn-I-amb kpJm-\p-`-h¯n\p \½psS \nÀ²\-Xz-hp-ambn {]Xy-£ -amb A\p-]m-Xap-­.v XymK-¯nsâ t`Z-`m-hs¯-D-·q-e\w sN¿pI F¶ AÀ°-¯nepw \nct]-£ -t{]-a¯ hnI-k n-¸ n-¡pI F¶ AÀ°-¯nepw, FÃm kXy-a-X-§-fp-tSbpw kmc-XXz-am-W.v -

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`mc-Xob XXz-hn-Nmc¯n sshZn-I-Im-e-¯n-\p-tijw Hcp ]cn-hÀ¯-\-ap-­m-bn. AYÀÆ-th-Z¯ne sshcm-KyhmZw Imc-W-ambn cl-ky-hm-Z-{]-Øm-\-¯n\p iàn IqSn. EtKz-Z¯nse E¡p-I-fpsS cN\ \S¶ Ime¯p kpJt`m-K-§-fpsS Imcy-¯n kzÑ-µ-X-bp-­m-bn-cp-¶p. a\p-jymßm-hnsâ kl-P-amb [mÀ½n-I`m-h\ iàn-s¸-«p. D]-\njÂIm-e-am- b-t¸mÄ C{µn-b- §-fpsS B{I-a-W- ¯n-s¶-Xnsc kv]jvv-S-ambn i_vZap-bÀ¶p. CSbv¡nsS B{I-an¨v D]{Zhw sN¿p¶ hnj-b-hm-k-\¡p hg-§n-s¡m­v Bßmhn-¶n-\nbpw ZpxJn¡m³ h¿ F¶m-bn. F¶m ]n¡me¯v icocs¯ Zln-¸n-¡pI apX-emb AÔ-k-{¼-Zm-b§Ä tNÀ¶ {`m´³ssh-cm-Ky-¯n\v h¶p-s]« At[mKXn D]-\n-jÂIm-e¯v Cu kÀÆ-kw-K]cn-Xym-K¯n\p - t\cn- tS-­n-h-¶n-Ã. _p²-a-X-s¯- t¸m-se-¯s¶ `c-Zzm-P\pw kmwkm-cn-I-Po-hn-X-t¯bpw sshcm-Ky-t¯bpw Hcp-t]mse {]Xn-tj-[n-¡p-¶p-­v. AXnÀhn« lT-hm-Z-¯nsâ ]mc-ay¯n-se-¯nb Cu sshcm-Ky-hmZw bYmÀ°-Xym-Ks¯

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I kqNn-¸n-¡p¶ H¶Ã; AsXmcp {]Im-c-¯n kzmÀ°-]c-Xzw-X-s¶-bm-sW¶p \w ]d-bpw. Hcm-fpsS Bßhv temI¯nse asäÃm Bßm-¡fpw IqSn-bmepf-f-Xn-t\-¡Ä t{ijv T-Xc-am-sW¶p IcpXn GI-´-tam-£-¯n-\p- th­n sN¿p¶ {ia-§Ä Hcn-¡epw Bßm-hnsâ bYmÀ°-\-{aX-bpsS {]I-S-\-a-Ã. \mw IÀ½w sN¿Ww; F¶m A\mk- à - a mbn sN¿Ww F¶mWv D]- \ n- j - ¯ p- I Ä \njvIÀjn-¡p-¶Xvv. {]]-©-XymKw sNbvXv hn`P-\Øet¯m k\ym-kn-a-T¯ntem hn{i-an-¡p-¶-h-\à [mÀ½nI³ kwkm-c-¯n¯s¶ Pohn¨p kmwkm-cn-Ih-kvXp¡sf kvt\ln-¨p-sIm­p X\n-bv¡p-th-­n-b-Ãm-sX, Ahbn-e-´À¶n-ln-X-amb A\-´¯n\p th­n, Ah-bn Kp]vX-am-bn-cn¡p¶ hn`q-hn-\p-t h­n kv t\ln-¨p-sIm­v þ Ign-bp-¶-h-\mWv [mÀ½n-Ia\p-jy³. Abmsf kw_- Ôn-t¨-St¯mfw Cuiz-csâ alXzw \ncp-]m-[n-I-amWv; asäÃm ]ZmÀ°-§Ä¡pw ]qÀ®-X-bn-te-bv¡pÅ hml-\§Ä AYhm Cuiz-c-\n-te-bv¡pÅ amÀ¤-§Ä F¶ \nebn kmt]-£-amb al-Xz-hp-ap-­v. A\p-jvTn-¡-s¸-Sp¶ FÃm IÀ¯-hy-§-fpw, hyàn-]-c-amb bÚ§fpw XymK§fpw Bß-k m-£ m¡m- c-¯ n\p klm- b n-¡ p-¶ p. \ap¡p ]nXm-¡· m-cm-Imw. Fs´-¶m k¦p-Nn-X-amb hyàn-Xz-¯nÂ\n¶p AXo-Xambn \n¡m\pw IqSp-X al-¯mb Dt±-iy-§fp-ambn kzbw XmZmßyw {]m]n¡m\papÅ amÀ¤-am-W-Xv. Znhy t{]a-¯nsâ \ng-emWv am\ht{]aw. \ap¡p kz´w ]Xv\ nsb kvt \ln-b v¡mw. F´n\p th­n ? FÃm hkvXp-¡-fp-tSbpw lrZ-b-¯n Pzen-bv ¡ p¶ B\-µ -¯ n\p th­n. ""bYmÀ°-¯n `À¯mhv {]nb-\m-Ip¶Xvv `À¯m-hn-\p-th-­n-b-Ã. Bßmhn-\p-th­n BWv `À¯mhv {]nb-\m-Ip-¶-Xv.'' F¶p D]\n-j¯p ]d-bp-¶p. Cu Imcyw Xs¶ CS-ap-dn-bmsX `mcy, ]p{X-·mÀ, cmPy-§Ä, {_mÒ-W£-{Xn-b-Pm-Xn-IÄ, temIhn-`m-K-§Ä, tZh-·mÀ, kPoh krjvSn-IÄ, hym]-I-amb hnizw F¶o hkvXp-¡sf BhÀ¯n-¨m-hÀ¯n-¨p-Zm-l-cn¨v Dd-¸n-bv¡p-¶p. Ah-sbÃmw Ahbv¡p th­nbà \nXyk-¯-bv¡p-th-­n-bmWv Cu kwkm-c-¯n ØnXn-sN-¿p¶-Xv. kmwkm-cn-I-]-ZmÀ°-§sf ]m]-¯n-\pÅ Cc-bm-bn«Ã Znhym-\-µ-{]m-]Xn-¡pÅ amÀ¤-§-fm-bn-«mWv krjvSn-¨nv «p-Å-X v. \½psS ho£Ww bYmÀ°-am-bm \ap¡p k¼¯p apX-emb sFiz-cy-§-fp-­m-hp-I-bm-bn. ""XtXm ta {inb-am-hl'' (A-Xn-\p-tijw F\nbv¡v [\w sIm­p hcp). kwkvIm-clo-\\v [\w Hcp Xn·-bmWv; F¶m hnth-In-bv¡-§n-s\-bà F¶p i¦-c³ \nÀt±-in¡p-¶p. {]Xy-£-¯n AssZ-hn-I-am-b n-t¯m-¶p¶ {]m]-©nI hkvXp-¡Ä [mÀ½n-I-\mb Bßm-hn\p \nc-´ -ca pÅ shÃp-hn-fn-bm-Wv. Bßmhv Ah-bpsS kzX-{´-\n-etbmSv Gäp s]mcp-XWw; Ahsb ssZhn-I-i-àn-bpsS {]I-S-ambn amäp-Ibpw thWw. Ah³ Cu A\m-k-à`m-h-¯n FÃm IÀ½-§fpw sN¿p-¶p. ""Ak-àt\m \nÀÃn-]Xt\m v BhpI F¶-Xnsâ XmÂ]cyw Bßm-hns\ {]]-©t¯mSp tNÀ¯p sI«nb FÃm sI«p-Ifpw Agn¨p apà\m-hpI, `qa-WvU-e-¯nse Hcp ]ZmÀ°-t¯bpw B{ibn-¡m-Xn-cn-¡p-I, `uXn-I]ZÀ°-§-fn-tebv¡p Nmbm-Xn-cn- ¡pI Fs¶-Ãm-amWv. aäp-Å-hÀ \s½-¸än F´p-]-d-bp¶p F´p hnNm-cn¡p-¶p. \s½-s¡m-s­´p sN¿n-¡m-\m-{K-

ln-bv¡p-¶p, CXn-sem¶pw {i²n-¡-cp-Xv. Hcp tbm²mhv ]S-¡-f-¯n apt¶-dp-¶-t]mse Nn´tbm `mhn-hn-Nm-ctam IqSmsX kz´w IÀ¯-hy-§Ä \nÀÆ-ln-¡p-I. Hcp [mÀ½nI-Im-cy-¯n-\p-th­n kÀÆ-kz-XymKw sNt¿-­n-h-cp-t¼mÄ X§-fpsS ta·, BZ-chv, bi-Êv, A\p-Iq-e-]cnX-Øn-Xn, kpJkuIcy-§ Ä, a\p-j y-t \m-Sp-f f kvt \l-_ Ôw Chsb H¶pw Imcy-am-¡m-Xn-cn-¡p-I.'' Cu Bßo-b-kwLÀj-¯n\v imco-cn-Iamb Nne Hcp-¡-§Ä sN¿m³ D]\n-j¯p-IÄ \s½ t{]cn-¸n-¡p-¶p-­v. iuNw, D]-hm-kw, C{µn-b-\n-{Klw GIm-´-hmkw apX-em-bh imco-cn-Iip²n¡v AXym-hi y-ambn hn[n¡-s¸-«n-cn¡p-¶ p. ""Fsâ icocw kptbm-Ky-am-Is«, Fsâ Pnlz AXy´w a[p-c-amI-s«. sNhn-sIm­v Rm³ Gähpw A[nIw tIÄ¡p-am-dmIs«'' CXnsâ XmÂ]cyw ico-cs¯ Hc-hjvSw-`-amtbm Bßm-hn\p Hcp `mc-amtbm IcpXn Xnc-kv¡-cn-t¡-­Xnà F¶m-Wv. ico-c-¯nsâ ip²o-I-cWtam C{µn-b-§fpsS tamN-\tam a\-Ênsâ hnIm-ktam H¶pw-Xs¶ Bß]o-U-tbmSp _Ô-ap-Å-X-Ã. {_Ò-Ncyw ]men-¡p-¶-hÀt¡ {_Ò-tem-I-{]m-]Xn-bp-­mIq F¶p ho­pw Omtµm-tKymv ]-\n-j -¯n ]d-b -s ¸-« n-cn¡p-¶ p. {_Ò-N cyw Hmtcm hnZymÀ°nbpw Kpcp-h nsâ ASp-¡  hnZym- [ y-b \w sN¿p¶ Ah-k-c-¯n ]men-bvt¡-­p¶ kz`m-h-\n-b-{´W-amWv. AXv kwkm-c-XymKt¯mSp- Iq- Snb X]tÊm sshcmKytam AÃ. Fs´-¶m AtX D]-\n-j¯n Viii 5þ {_Ò-N-cys¯ bRvPm-\p-jvTm-\-¯n\p Xpey-ambn ]d-ªncn-bv¡p-¶p. CXp {_Ò-Ncys¯ kwkm-c-\n-hr-¯n-sb¶p sXämbn hymJym-\n-¡m-Xn-cn-¡m-\pÅ Hcp Xm¡oXp \ÂInbn-cn¡p-I-bm-sW¶p tXm¶pw. icocw Bßm-hnsâ tkhI-\m-Wv. Imcm-Kr-laÃ. PohnXw a\Êv tNX\ _p²n - apX- em-b-hsb \mw XyPn-¨p- I-f-b-W- sa¶ kqN-\-I-sfm¶pw D]-\n-j-¯p-I-fn-en-Ã. adn¨p Cuiz-c³ A´-cy-an-bm-sW¶ kn²m´w CXn-s¶-Xn-cmb Hcp \nÀ®-b-¯n-te-bv¡mWv \s½ \bn-bv¡p-¶Xv. bYmÀ°-aX¯nsâ `mhm-th-i¯n Du¶n- \n¡p- ¶-Xp-sIm­p am{Xw D]-\n-j¯p-IÄ Xr]vXn-s¸-Sp- -¶nÃ. Ah \ap¡v Hcp IÀ¯-hy-kw-lnX IqSn Hcp¡n sh¨n-cnbv¡p¶p; AXn-Ãm-ªm [mÀ½n-Im-ZÀiw hniz-kn-¨p-IqSm¯ hgn-Im-«n- bm-bn-t¸m-Ipw. FÃm BNm-c{Ia- §fpw hnImc-§-fpsS \nb-{´-Whpw _p²n-bpsS kÀ-Æm-[n-]-Xy- hpapÅ, kzmÀ°-]-c-amb hyàn- Xz-¯nsâ k¦p-Nn-X- Xz-¯n \n¶p apàn t\Sn BtßmÂIÀj-¯n-tebv¡p \bn¡p-¶, al¯mb Znhy-]-²-Xn-bn ]¦m-fn-I-sf¶ \nebv¡v \msaÃmw \nc-´cw {]hÀ¯n-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p¶ FÃm BNm-ccq-]§fpw þ [mÀ½n-I-§-fmWv; CXn\p hn]-co-X-am-bh A[mÀ ½n-I§-fpw, Bß-kw-b-ahpw DZm-c-Xbpw Icp-Wbp-amWv kÂKp-W-§Ä. he¯pssI sN¿p-¶Xv CS-¯pssI Adnb- cpXv F¶ XXzw Cu hmIy§- fn {]I- Sn- ¸n¡p¶p. ""{i²tbm-Sp-IqSn Zm\w sN¿-Ww, A{i-²-tbm-Sp-IqNn Zm\w sN¿cp-Xv, [mcmfw Zm\w sN¿-Ww, eÖ-tbm-Sp-IqSn Zm\w sN¿Ww. `b-t¯msS Zm\w sN¿-Ww, klm- \p-`q-Xn- tbmsS Zm\w sN¿Ww'' OtµmtKym]-\n-j-¯n (Viii17) X]-Êv, Zm\w, BÀÖ-hw, Alnw-k, kXy-k-ÔX F¶n-hbmWv kZm-Nm-c-cq-]- §-fmbn ]d-b-s¸-«n- cn¡p-¶-Xv. GsX- ¦nepw arK-

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I kr-jvSnsb lnwkn-bv¡m³ aSn-¡p-¶Xpw, \mbm-Sn-¸n-Sn¨

I-k-¯-sb-¡m-tfsd bmYmÀ°yam-Wv. X]-kznsb kw_apb¡n-Sm-hn-s\-s¨mÃn hyk\w tXm¶p-¶-Xpw, C¶s¯ Ôn-t¨-S-t¯mfw Bßm-hn\pw ico-c-¯n\pw ISn-\-amb ]cnNn´m-KXn-bn AXn-i-¦m-ep-¡-fmb kv{XoP-\§Ä¡v io-e\w þ ITn-\-amb km[-\þ-hn-[n-¨n-«p-­v. AXp kn²ntNÀ¶ hnIm-c-ZuÀ_-ey-am-tb¡mw. F¶m D]-\n-j-¯p- ¨- hÀt¡ C¯cw BZÀi- Po- hnXw \bn-bv¡m-\m-hq. \njvIrI-fn arK-kr-jvSn-Isf kvt\ln¡p-¶Xv Hcp-¯a [À½- jvS-amb ]cn-ip-²nbpw AIn-©-\-Xzhp-amWv X]-kzn-bpsS ambn KWn¡-s¸-Sp-¶p. `qap-J¯pÅ `mc-Xob [À½-im- PohnXs¯ `cn-t¡-­Xv. AbÄ aª-hkv{Xw [cn-bv¡kv{X-¯nsâ kma-\y-cq-]-am-Wv. \mbm-«n-¶mbn Hcp am\ns\ Ww. incÊp apWvU\w sNbvXv sXcp-hp-sX­n `£Ww sImÃp-¶Xpw hnt\m-Z¯n\p am{Xw Hsc-ensb D]-{Z-hn- bmNn-bv¡-Ww. Bßm-hn\p hn\bw hcp-¯m-\pÅ D]-I¡p-¶Xpw A]-cm-[am-Wv. hnIm-c§sf Pbn-¡m³ Nne c-W-§-fm-Wn-h. \nXy-\n-bX§-fmb {]mÀ°-\-Ifpw D]-hmt¸mÄ khn-ti-j-amb Bß-\n-b-{´Ww hn[n-¡p-¶p-­v. k-§fpw A\p-jvTn-bv¡pI hgn Bßm-hn\v \nXym-\µ]- `mc-X ob Nn´-I-·mÀ a\Êv ico-cs¯ B{i-bn-¨ n-cn- Z-hn-bn-te-¡p-b-cp-hm³ Ign-bp-¶p. hnip-²nbpw hn\-bp-ambv¡p¶p F¶ hnizm-k-ap-Å-h-cmWv; AXp-sIm-­-hÀ a\- sWmcp X]-kznsb alm-\m-¡n-¯oÀ¡p-¶Xv; Ipi-e-\mb Ênsâ ]cn-ip²n Bh-iy-am-sW¶p \nÀt±-in¡-p¶p. hmk- Hcn-{µ-Pm-e¡m-csâ ssIb-S¡-¯n-epÅ kmaÀ°ytam \-I-fpsS \nb-{´Ww kztÑbm \St¡­-Xm-Wv. AXv hmtXm-·m-Z¡mcsâ kz]v\w ImWm-\pÅ Ignthm AÃ. kw`m-hy-asÃ-¦n \nÀº-Ôambn \nb-{´n¡epw Nne- Imaw, t{Im[w, hmk-\, CÑ F¶nh hn«p-bÀ¶v ip²-\mt¸mÄ ]Xn-hp-­v. X]Êv AYhm \nÀº-Ôamb hk\m bn-cn¡p-¶-Xp-sIm-­mWv X]kzn al¯zw t\Sp-¶-X.v Pohn\nb-{´-Ww, \ymkw AYhm kwK-]-cn-XymKw Ch c­pw- ¨n-cns¡ A\p-jvTn-¡p¶ Cu Bßm-lpXn HcmÄ¡v BßX-½n t`Zw IÂ]n-¨n-cn¡p-¶p. X]Êv Xmgv¶ ]Sn-bn- l-Xy-tb-¡mÄ ITn-\-am-Wv. acWw Ffp-¸am-Wv. `mc-s¸epÅ hm\-{]-Ø-¶p-Å-X mWv; AtX kabw \ymkw «Xv Pohn-Xam-Wv. kmaqly _Ô-§-fn \n¶p c£-s¸k\ym-kn-bv¡p-Å-Xm-Wv. GIm-{K-X, [ym\w \nZn-[ym-k\w Sm³ th­n hoSpw kap-Zmbhpw Dt]-£n-¡p-¶Xp-sIm­v apX-em-bh tbmK-N -cy-I fpw A\p-hÀ¯n-t¡-­ -Xp-­ v. HcmÄ icn-bmb k\ym-kn-bm-Ip-¶nÃ; Pohn-X¯n ]cm""{]mÚ³ hm¡ns\ a\-Ênepw a\-Êns\ _p²n-bnepw Pbw ]än-b-Xp-sIm­p am{Xw k\y-kn-¨h\pw bYmÀ°hne-bn-¸n-¡-Ww.'' [ym\hpw GIm-{K-Nn-´-\hpw a\x-ip-²n- k-\ym-kn-bm-Ip-¶n-Ã. Cu Ah-km-\s¯ Xc-¡mÀ k\ym¡p-]I-c-W-ambpw ]d-ªn-cn-¡p-¶p. FÃm hnNm-c§fpw km-{i-a¯n-\msI A]-am\w hcp-¯p-¶p. Bß-kw-baw A´Àap-J-am¡n Cuiz-c-s\-¯s¶ Nn´n-¡m³ Pohm-ßm- sNbvXv [mÀ½n-I-ho-£-W-¯n-eqsS am\-h-k-aq-l-¯n\p ¡-tfmSv IÂ]n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. Cuiz-c-\n \n¶v A\p-{Klw th­n IjvS-§-f-\p-`-hn-¡p-¶-h-\mWv bYmÀ° k\ym-kn. e`n¡m-\Ã; Cuiz-c-t\mSv XmZmßyw {]m]n-¡m³ ! F- Pohn-X]-cn-{i-aam-sI-¯s¶ \½psS Al-¦mcw XpS¨p ¶m Cu [ym\m-h-Øn-Xamb Pohn-X¯nsâ Bß-{]- \o¡n \s½ ]cn-ip-²-cm-¡m³ th­n-bp-Å-Xm-W.v B{i-alÀjm-hØ t]mepw XoÀ¨-bmbpw bYmÀ°-X-bnÂ\n- hy-hØ-Ifpw aäpw Btßm-¶-Xn¡v klm-b-I-amIm³ ¶pÅ Hscm-gn-ªp-am-d-eÃ. AXv ]ZmÀ°-§-fpsS ]c-a- th­n GÀs¸-Sp-¯nb ]²-Xn-I-fpamWv. A§s\ Krlk-Xys¯ I­-dn-bm³ Ign-hp-­m-¡p¶ D]-I-cWw am{X- Øm-{i-a-¯n\p tijw ]cn-{hm-P-IPo-hn-X-amWv hn[n-¨nam-Wv. ""aqÀ¨bpw kq£va-X-bp-apÅ a\-Êp-sIm­p am{Xta cn¡p-¶-Xv. Bß-Úm\n Xsâ FÃm kzmÀ°-XmÂ]-cy- Cuiz-cs\ ImWm³ Ign-bp.'' {_Ò- -Ncyw, KmÀl-Øyw, §fpw shSnªv ]cn-{hm-PI-k-\ym-kn-bm-bn-¯o-c-W-sa¶v hm\-{]-Øw, k\ymkw F¶n-§ns\ \mem-{i-a-§Ä hn[n- D]-\n-j-¯p-IÄ tLmjn-¡p-¶p, ""{_mÒ-WÀ Bß-Úmbv¡-s¸-«n-cn-bv¡p-¶p. {Ia-¯n Ah-bn-eqsS IS-¶p-t]mbn \n-I-fmbn `mhn-k-´m-\-]-c¼c-bpsS B{K-l-hpw, hyàn- a\p-jy\v kmwkm-cn-Iaew \o¡n Xs¶ ip²-am-¡mw. ]-c-amb kz¯p-ssI-h-i-¯n-\pÅ B{K-lhpw, euIn-IAt¸mtg a\p-jy³ Xsâ B²ym-ßn-I-amb hmk-tK-l- amb sFiz-cy-§Ä¡pÅ B{K-lhpw ssIsh-Snªv ]cn¯n tIdm³ AÀl-\m-Ip-¶p-Åp. {hm-P-I-cmbn k©-cn-bv¡ p-¶p.'' {]mNo\ `mc-X -¯ n kap-Zm-b-t¯m-SpÅ IÀ¯-hy-§-sfÃmw ]qÀ®-ambn k\ymkn \nÀ²-\\pw AIn-©-\-\p-am-sW-¦n-epw, bmsXm\nÀÆ-ln¨p Ign-ªm Hmtcm-cp-¯À¡pw kwkm-c-¯n c-[n-Im-chpw iàn-bp-an-sÃ-¶n-cn-¡n-epw, km{am-Pym-[n-]-·mÀ \n¶p hnc-à-\mb hn{iaw tXSm³ hn[n-bp-­v. a\p-jy- IqSn Im¡ Ip¼n-S¯-¡-hn[w Øm\hpw _lp-am\hpw hln-¨n-cp-¶p. ]cn-ip-²-Po-hn-X-¯n\v A{Xbpw _lpPn-hn-X-¯nsâ Ah-km-\s¯ ]Sn-bm-Wn-Xv. [mÀ½n-Iamb BN-c-Whpw t{]a-a-b-amb Pohn-Xhpw \bn-¡p¶ X]-kzn- am- \m-Zc-§-fp-­m-b n-cp-¶p. bmb ]cn-{h-mP-I³ kmwkm-cn-I{]-tem-`-\-§-fn \n¶p lnµp-a-X-¯nsâ apJy-e-£-W-amb B{i-a-[À½w Pohnapà-\ mbn ]c-t em-I -t ¯bv¡ p ZrjvSn Xncn¡p-¶ p. X-¯nsâ FÃm hi¯pw Bß-iàn hfÀ¯n PohnXw \njvIfhpw `àn ]qÀ®-§-fp-amb `mc-X¯nse ap\n-Nn- ]qÀ®-am-¡m³ {ian-¡p-¶p. AXv sshhm-ln-I-Po-hn-X-¯n\v ¯-§Ä \nXy-ku-µcy-¯nsâ kz]v\§-fmepw A\-iz-c- Hcp-¡-sa¶ \ne-bn ItTm-c-amb ]cn-ip²n AYhm {_Òkw-Ko-X¯nsâ {]Xn- -[z-\n-I-fmepw \nc-´cw BIr-jvS-§- Ncyw thW-sa¶p \njvIÀjn-¡p-¶p-­v. D]-\n-jZ{ZjvSm- v fm-bn-cn-bv¡p-¶p. AhÀ B ]c-am-ZÀi-¯nsâ ASp-¯m- ¡-fpsS A`n-{]m-b¯n hnhmlw Hcp [mÀ½nI kwkvImWv. AXnsâ AkvXn-Xz-¯m-em-Ir-j vS-cm-I¯¡h®w c-amWv; Cuiz-ctk-hm-]²-Xn-bm-Wv. KmÀl-Øy-¯nsâ \s¶ ASp-¯mWv \n¡-p-¶-Xv. \ap-¡-sXmcp kz]v\-am- BØm\-amb Krlw Hcp hnjp-²-th-Zn-bmWv; aX-]-c-amb Imw. F¶m AhÀ Pohn-¡p-¶tX B kz]v\¯n-em-Wv. bmsXmcp NS§pw [À½-]Xv\nsb ]s¦-Sp-¸n-bv¡msX AXp-sIm-­hÀ¡Xv X§Ä Ah-K-Wn¨p XÅp¶ `uXn- ]qÀ¯n-bm-hn-Ã. Zm¼-Xyhpw ]nXr-Xzhpw hgn-bmbn HcmÄ -

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I a\p-jy-kvt\-l-¯n-tâbpw IpSpw-_-_-Ô-¯n-tâbpw
AgIpw B\-µhpw XnI¨pw A\p-`-hn-¨p-I-gnª tijw hniz-]u-csâ DbÀ¶ ]Z-hn-bn-se-¯m³ th­n {Ia-¯n Krl-t¯mSpw IpSpw-_-t¯m-Sp-apÅ _Ô-§-fn \n¶v kzmX{´yw t\Sm³ ]cn-{i-an-¡-W-sa¶pw hn[n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. _p²-aXw `mc-Xob lrZb-§-fn kpØn-cambn Øm\ap-d -¸n-b v¡ p-¶-X n ]cm-P -b-s ¸-« n-«p-s ­-¦ n AXn\p ImcWw AXv {_Ò-N- cys¯ KmÀl-Øy- t¯-¡mÄ AXyp¶-X-\n-e-bn sIm­p-sh-¨Xpw ap³tbm-Ky-X-Itfm AÀlXtbm t\m¡msX FÃm-h-tcbpw DbÀ¶ kXym-km-{i-a¯n-tebv¡v sNÃm³ A\p-hZn-¨-Xp-am-Wv. k\ym-kn-IÄ PmXn, [\w, ]ucXzw CsXm-¶p-an-Ãm¯ Bßo-b-amb Hcp ktlm-Zcy-Øm-]-\-am-Wv. kvt\l-¯n-tâbpw tkh-\-¯ntâbpw ktµ-i-§sf {]km-Z-`m-h-¯n {]N-cn-¸n¡p-I-bmW-Xnsâ Dt±-iyw. `qan-bn hnip-²n-bpsS kuµ-cy-¯n\pw, hn\-b-¯nsâ iàn¡pw, AIn-©-\-Xz-¯nsâ B\µ- ¯n-\pw, tkh- \-¯nsâ kzmX-{´y-¯n\pw km£n- I-fmbn k©-cn-¡p¶ Cuiz-c-Zq-X-·m-cm-W-hÀ.

KuX-a³ kXy-Im-at\mSp ]dªp: ""icn-bmb Hcp {_mÒW \ÃmsX C§s\ kXyw sXfnªp ]d-bm-\mhn-Ã. AXp-sIm­v thKw sN¶v Aán Pzen-¸n-¡q. Rm³ \n\¡v Zo£m-IÀ½w \S-¯mw. \o kXy-amÀ¤-¯n \n¶pw ]ng-¨-h-\-Ã.''

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hnhn-[-`m-K-§se ab-s¸-Sp-¯m\pw ASn-Xp-c-¡p¶ hÀ¤ssh-c-§-tfbpw sshap-Jy-§-tfbpw AI-äm-\p-amWv D]-\njZv ZÀi\-§Ä Xp\n-bp-¶X.v Cuiz-c³ FÃm-h-cnepw Hcpt]mse hym]n-¨n-cn¡p¶ A´-cym-an-bmb Bßm-hm-Wv. AXp-sIm­v FÃm-hÀ¡pw Hcp t]mse kXys¯ {Klnbv¡m³ Ignbpw; FÃm-hcw Hcp-t]mse kXy-Úm\w A[y-b\w sN¿m³ A[n-Im-cn-I-fp-am-Wv. £{Xn-b-cpsS {]Xn-\n-[n-bmbn k\ÂIp-am-c³ {_Ò-W\mb \mc-Zs\ ]ZmÀ°-§-fpsS ]c-a-c-lkyw [cn-¸n-¡p-¶p. DbÀ¶ XXzÚm-\hpw [À½hpw Hcn¡epw {_mÒ-WhÀ¤-¯n\p am{Xw HXp§n \n¡p-¶-X-Ã. AKm-[amb B[ym-ßn-I{]-i\§sf hni-Zo-Icn¨p ]Tn-¸n¡p¶ £{Xn-b-cm-Pm-¡v ·m-sc-¸än \mw {KÙ- §-fn hmbn-¡p-¶p. XXz-Úm-\s¯ PmXn-bpsS \nb-a-§Ä kap-Zm-b-t¯m-SpÅ IÀ¯-hy- kw_-Ôn¨ hmZ- {]-Xn-hm-Z§Ä¡mbn [mÀ½n-I-k-t½-f-\§sf hn[n-¡p-¶p. a\p-jy³ X\n¡p hn[n¨ IÀ¯-hy- §Ä \S-¯n-bn-cp¶ P\-I\pw APm-Xi{Xphpw £{Xn-b- IÀ½-§Ä F´m-bmepw A\p-jvTn-¡-Ww. tbmKy-XIÄ cm-Pm-¡·m-cm-bn-cp-¶p. Xo{h-amb _u²n-I-Po-hn-X-¯n-sâ t\m¡n Ah-bpsS ASn-Øm-\-¯n-emWv IÀ¯-hy-IÀ½- Ime-L-«-am-bn-cp¶p AXv. km[m-c-W-¡mÀIqSn ZmÀi-\n-I§Ä hn[n-¨ n-« p-Å -Xv. {_Ò-W Xzw kn²n¡pI P·w {]-iv\-§-fn XmÂ]cyw ImWn-¨p-h-¶p. PvRm\n-IÄ \m«nsIm­Ã BN- c-Ww-sIm-­m-sW¶p KWn-¡-s¸-«n-cn¡p- ¶p. e- t§m-«p-an-t§m«pw imkv{X-NÀ¨-IÄ¡mbn DÕml- ]qÀÆw XpSÀ¶p ]d-bp¶ IY kXys¯ sXfn-bn-¡p-¶p. k©-cn-¨p-sIm-­n-cp-¶p. D]-\n-j-¯p-I-fpsS k¼m-ZI-·mPm_m-e -b psS aI³ kXy-Im-a ³ Xsâ A½sb cmb {_Ò-WÀ¡v £{Xn-b-·mÀ Kth-j-W-§-fn {][m-\kwt_m-[\w sNbvXp ]dªv : ""At½ Rm³ {_Ò-Ncyw amb ]s¦- Sp- ¡ p- ¶ p- s ­¶p k½- X n- ¡ - ¯ ¡ hn[w - Zo£n-bv ¡m-\m-{K-ln¡p-¶p. Rmt\Xp tKm{X-¡ m-c-\m- BßmÀ°-amb kXy-k- ÔXbp-­mbn-cp-¶p. kv{XoIÄ Pohn-X-¯n\p th­n-bpÅ kwLÀjs¯ kw_-Ôn-t¨Wt½'' S-t¯mfw Gähpw kpc-£n-X-Ifpw B{in-X-I-fp-am-bn-cp-¶pA½ aI-t\mSp ]dªp: ""Fsâ Ip«o, \nsâ tKm{Xsh-¦nepw tam£-{]m-]vXn-¡pÅ B²ym-ßn-I-k-a-c¯n ta-Xm-sW-s¶-\n-¡-dnªp-IqSm. sNdp-¸-¯n Hcp ZmknAhÀ¡v ]pcp-j-·-tcmSv Xpey-amb A[n-Im-cm-h-Im-i-§bmbn Rm\-§p-an§pw \S-¶n-cp¶ Ime-¯mWv \ns¶ fp­m- bn-cp-¶p. ssat{X-bnbpw KmÀKnbpw Bßo-b-amb Kw`oKÀ`w [cn-¨Xv. AXp-sIm­v \o GXp tKm{X-am-sW-s¶c-{]-iv\§-sf-¡p-dn¨v imkv{X-hmZw \S-¯m-dp-­m-bn-c¶p; \n-¡-dn-bn-Ã. Fsâ t]À Pm_m-e-sb-¶mWv. \o kXy-ImZÀi-\-§-sf-¡p-dn¨p \S-¯p¶ NÀ¨m-k-t½-f-\-§-fnepw a-\m-Wv. AXp-sIm­v kXy-Im-a-Pm-_m-e-\mWv Rms\¶p ]s¦-Sp-¡ m-dp-­m-bn-cp-¶p. \n\¡v ]d-bmw.'' D]-\n-j -¯p-I Ä Úm\s¯ tamt£m-] m-b -ambn kXy-Im-a³ lcn-{Zp-amsâ ]p{X-\mb KuX-asâ ASpDu¶n ]d-bp-¶ p-s­-¶ p-ÅXv bYmÀ°-am-Wv . ""XcXn ¡Â sN¶v ]dªp: timIw Bßm- hnÂ'' Bß-Úm\n FÃm timI-§-tfbpw ""`K-hm³, Rm³ Ahn-Sps¯ ASp-¡Â {_Ò-Ncyw XcWw sN¿p-¶p. ""{_Ò-hn {_ssÒh `hXn'' {_ÒZo£n¡m-\m-{K-ln¡p-¶p. Rm³ Ahn-Sps¯ ASp-¡Â hc- Úm\n {_Òw Xs¶ Bbn-¯o-cp-¶p. D]-\n-j¯p-IÄ s«tbm?'' Úm\-¯nsâ al-Xz-¯n-eq¶n \n¡p-Ibpw FÃm kZmKuX-a³ tNmZn¨p : ""tl tkmay, \o GXp tKm{X- Nm-c-§-tfbpwAXnsâ ]qÀÆ-hÀ¯n-I-fmbn Icp-Xp-Ibpw ¯n s]«-h\mWv?'' sN¿p-¶Xp sIm­v D]-\n-j-¯p-IÄ Úm\-s¯-¡p-dnkXy-Im-a³ ]dªp : ""`K-h³, F\n-bv¡-dn-ªp-IqSm, ¨pÅ AXyp-Õmlw \nan¯w CÑm-iànsb AXnsâ Øm\-¯p-\n¶v Xcw Xmgv¯p¶p F¶p ]d-bp¶ hnaÀiRmt\Xp tKm{X-¯n s]«-h-s\¶v F\n-bv¡-dn-ªp-IqSm, Rm\-½-tbmSp tNmZn¨p t\m¡n. A½-bpsS adp-]Sn C§- I-·m-cp-­v. Úm\n-IÄ¡v kZm-Nmcw hfsc Imcy-ap-Ås\-bmWv: "Rms\sâ sNdp-¸¯n Hcp ]cn-Nm-cn-I-sb¶ sXm-¶p-aà F¶v Dd-¸n¨p ]d-bp¶ Ubq-k³ AÚm-\n\ne-bn A§p-an§pw Aeªp Xncn-ªn-cp¶ Ime- IÄ¡pw AXm-h-iy-anà F¶p ]n¶oSp ]d-bp¶p. ""tam£¯mWv \ns¶ KÀ`w [cn-¨-Xv. \nsâ tKm{X-ta-sX¶p ]d- {]m]vXn sImh-cp-¯p¶ Úm\w t\Sp-¶-Xn kZm-Nmcw bp-hm³ km[y-a-Ã. Fsâ t]À Pm_m- e- sb- ¶mWv; \o kXy- klm-bn-¡p-¶Xv {]Xy£-ambn«Ã; A{]-Xy-£-ambn am{XIm-a-\mWv' AXp-sIm­v `K-h³ Rm³ kXym-Ima Pm_m- amWv klm-bn¡p-¶Xv. Fs´-¶m Cu PvRm\w ap¼nÃm¯ H¶nsâ DNn-Xamb D]-I-c- -W-§-fm D­m-Item e-\m-W.v ''

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I D­m-¡-s¸-Stem AÃ. Cu Úm\w A\m-Zn-Im-e-ambn

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sXt´m AsXÃmw Cu Bßm-hn \n¶p e`n-¡p-¶p.'' \nXy-h-kvXp-hmbn \ne-\n¶p hcp¶ H¶nsâ A\p-`qXn IÀ½-§Ä Úm\-k- l-Ir- X-ambn A\p-jvTn-¡-W-sa-¶mWv am{X-am-W.v '' F¶m D]-\n-j-¯p-IÄ Úm\s¯ i_vZ- Cu kqàw \njvIÀjn-¡p-¶X.v kÀÆm-Xn-im-bn-bmb ]c¯nsâ k¦p-Nn-X-amb AÀ°-¯n tam£-{]m-]vXn¡v a-k-¯-bn {i²-hn-izm-k-§-tfmSp IqSmsX A\p-jvTnHmtIm-]m-b-ambn kzoI-cn-bv¡-p¶nÃ. ""Bßm-hns\ thZ- ¡p¶ tIh-e-IÀ½-§Ä ZpÀº-e-§-fm-Ip-¶p. a\p-jysâ Úm\w sIm­p-am{Xw {]m]n-¡m³ Ign-bn-Ã. hnÚm-\w- bYmÀ°-e£yw tIhew bm{´nI-amb k¡À½-§Ä sIm­pw hfsc A[nIw ]Tn-¨Xp-sIm­pw {]m]n¡m³ sIm­v t\Sm³ Ign- bp-I-bn-Ã. FÃm IÀ½-§-fnepw bÚmIgn-bn-Ã.'' kXy-amb Pohn-X¯n-emWv Du¶Â. Úm\- \p-jvTm-\-§fnepw {Inbm-Iem-]§-fnepw Btßm-¶-Xn-bpt¯m-sSm¸w [À½hpw XpSÀ¶p-­m-bn-cn-bv¡-Ww. {_Ò- ­m-Ip-¶p. F¶m AhnsS A\-´hp-ambn XmZmßyw Úm\w t\Sm-\m-{K-ln¡p-¶-h\v F{X-Xs¶ iàn-bmb {]m]n-¨ p-s Im-Å - W -s a-¶ n- à . kXy-a mb Bßm-h nsâ DÕm-lhpw PnÚm-k-bp-ap-­m-bn-cp-¶mepw kZm-Nm-cw, lnXs¯ ]pjvSn-s¸-Sp-¯pI F¶ GI-hn-Nm-c-t¯msS [À½-\njvT F¶o c­p tbmKyXI-fp-an-sÃ-¦n {]thiw FÃm IÀ½§fpw A\p-j vTn¡-Ww. Cuizc-\n-ÃmsX e`n-bv¡p-I-bn-Ã. Úm\-sa-¶m tIhew _p²n-bp-sS Ign- \½psS Pohn-X¯n\p e£y-an-Ã. k¯-bn-Ã, B{i-b-hphà F¶p \mw hni-Z-am-t¡-­n-bncn¡p¶p. Bß-t_m-[- anÃ. Cl-tem-I¯pw ]c-tem-I¯pw A[n-I¡-W¡n am-W-Xv. {_Ò-PnÚmkp-hnsâ a\Êv A[nIw N©-e- \· In«-W-sa¶ Hä Dt±-iy-t¯msS A\p-jvTn-¡p¶ IÀ½am-bn-¡qS; ]c-amÀ°-k-¯-bn {i² sNep-¯m³ Ign- I-em-]-§-tfbpw bÚ-bm-Km-Zn-I-tfbpw D]-\n-j-¯p-IÄ bm¯ hn[w kmwkm-cn-I-hn-j-b-§-fn kwen-]vXhp-am-bn- A]-e]n-bv¡p-¶p-­v. ]c-tem-I¯p Hmlcn [\w (sj¡q-Sm. Cuiz-c-`-àn-sIm-­-hsâ lrZbw ]hn-{Xhpw B\- bÀ) h§mt\m Cuiz-c-\p-a mbn Hcp _m¦p-I -W-¡ mµ-`-cn-X-hp-am-bn-cn-¡-Ww. Cuiz-c-im-kv{X-¯n hnZ-K²-cmb cw`n¡mt\m DÅ Dt±-iy-t¯msS BI-cpXv \w IÀ¯-hyv Ejn-amÀ injy-·msc Xnc-sª-Sp-¡-W-sa-¦n AXn-\p-ap- IÀ½-§-f-\p- jvTn¡p-¶-Xv. {_m- Ò-W-§- fn IÀ¯-hy-IÀ½¼mbn Nne injy-·msc Ipsd-¡m-et¯mfw kZm-Nm-c-Zo- §sf kw_-Ô n¨p {]I-Sn-¸ n¨ A_p-² n-] qÀÆ-I-amb £bv¡pw [mÀ½n- I- amb A¨-S-¡- ¯n\pw \nb-{´- W¯n\pw C¯cw Bi-b-§sf {]Xn-tj-[n-¨p-sIm­p D]-\n-j-¯phnt[-b-cm-tI­n h¶-Xmbn Adn-hm-Ip-¶p. {]ivt\m-]\n- IÄ Hc-\n-hm-cy-k-Xys¯ Du¶n-bp-d¸n-¡p-¶p-­v. F¶mj-¯n ]n¸-em-ZalÀjn Bdp {_Ò-Pn-Úm-kp-¡sf eh "IÀ½-§fpw Úm\hpw X½n _Ô-anÃ; Úm\w - Hcp hÀj-t¯bv¡p IqSn IqSp-X A¨-S-¡-¯n\pw Bß- am{X-amWv tam£-km-[\w' F¶ aXs¯ ]n´m-§p-¶n\n-b-{´-W¯n\pw hnt[-b-cmbn hÀ¯n-¡m³ aS¡n Ab- Ã. Úm\-IÀ½-§-fpsS kap-¨-b-amb Hcm-ßo-I-Po-hn-X¨n-cp-¶p. Omtµm-tKym]\nj-¯n Kpcp kXyImam P_m- s¯-bmWv D]-\n-j-¯p-IÄ \njvIÀjn-¡p-¶-Xv. es\ ]ip-]m-e-\-¯n-\mbn tLmc-h-\m-´-c-§-fn-te-bv¡-b[mÀ½n-I-amb Cu kn²nbpsS kw`m-hy-X-X-s¶-bmWv, ¨-Xmbn ]d-bp-¶p. GIm-´-[ym-\hpw {]Ir-Xn-k-¼À¡hpw FÃm kZm-Nm-c-§-fp-tSbpw ]qÀÆ-[m-cW. AXn-ÃmsX kZmhfÀ¯p-I-bm-bn-cp¶p CXn-¶ p-t±-iyw. D]-\n-j- ¯p-IÄ Nm-c-]-camb \½psS A`n-em-j§Ä \nd-th-ä³ Ign-bp\njvIÀjn-bv¡p¶ Úm\w Bß-i-àn-bpsS kPo-h\n- sa-¶p-d¸n-Ã. B]-¯p-Ifpw `b-§fpw tcmK-§fpw ac-Wb-a-amb {i² AYhm hnizm-k-am-Wv. hr£w ^en-¡p-¶- §fpw FÃmw \½psS ap¼n-ep-­v. F¶mepw {]I-S-amb t]m-se-¯s¶ PvRm\hpw IÀ½-¯n-eqsS A`n-hy-à-am- Akmw-K-Xy-§fpw ]c-kv ]c-hn-tcm-[hpw sh¨p-sIm-­pw, I-Ww. Úm\w \ap¡p e`n¨p Ign-ªm kXyw ssIh- FÃm hkvXp-¡fpw {]hÀ¯n-¡p-¶Xv Ah-km-\-ambn \·¶- Xmbpw AXns\ kzmb-¯- am-¡n-b- Xmbpw AXn-\m \mw bv¡p-th-­n-bm-sW-¶pÅ hnizmkw \ap¡v DÕm-lhpw ]cn-h-À-¯\w sN¿-s¸-«Xmbpw Icp-Xs¸-Sp-¶p. ""Zpcm-Nm-c- kt´m-jhpw \ÂIp- ¶p. kZm-Nm-c-¯n\v aX-¯nsâ AwKo¯n \n¶p apà-\pw, im´-\pw, kam-ln-X\p-a-Ãm-¯, I-cWw Bh-iy-a p-­v . hniz-¯ n-e p-Å -s XÃmw icn-b mlrZ-b-¯n im´n hncm-Pn-¡m¯Hcp hyàn¡Xv km[y- sW¶pw a\p-jysâ hnPbw A\n-hm-cy-am-sW¶pw Cuizam-hn-Ã. AXm-bXv Úm\w sIm­p am{Xw {_Ò-{]m-]vXn- c³ \ap- ¡ p- d - ¸ p- X - c p- ¶ p. ""a\p- j ysâ AZr- i yhpw bp-­m-I m³ h¿.'' AXp-s Im­p cmam-\p-P³ Úm\- AaqÀ¯hpw Ahm-Nyhpw AKm-[-hp-amb B H¶n Xsâ ¯nsâ hyJym-\¯n [ym\w, kam-[n, D]m-k-\, ]qP kam-[m-\hpw hn{i-a-Øm-\hpw I­p-I-gn-ªm Ah\p F¶-n-hbv¡pw Øm\w \ÂIn-bn-cn-¡p¶p. Úm\-¯n kam-[m\w e`n-bv¡p-¶p. AXn-ses´¦nepw CS-apt«m \n¶v kZm- Nm-cs¯ ]pd- ´-Ån-s¡m-­pÅ hymJym-\-¯n\v thÀ]mtSm Ds­¶p AwKo-I-cn-¨m Ah\p ]ns¶ AkzHcp \ymbo-I -c-Whpw ImWp-¶n-Ã. Bßm-hn-t\m-SpÅ Ø-X-bmbn; an¡-hmdpw X\n-s¡-Ãm-a-dn-bm-sa¶p Icp-Xp¶ sFIy-`mhw A`n-hy-à-am-Ip-¶n-sÃ-¦n A¯cw tIh-e- Hcm-fpsS Akz-ØX!''aX-]c-amb Cu Dd¸p In«n-¡-gnIÀ½-§Ä A]-cym-]vX-§-fm-sW¶v D]-\n-j-¯p-I-fq-¶n-¸- ªm¸ns¶ ]cn-Øn-Xn-bpsS k½À±-¯n\pw a\p-jysâ d-bp-¶p. ""AÃ, Bßm-hn-¶n-hnsS al-¯mb Nne hnip- A{I-aIr-Xy§Ä¡pw \s½ Akz-Øcm-¡m³ Ign-bn-Ã. ²-IÀ½-§Ä \nd-th-äm-\p-s­¶v Adn-hp-Å-h\-sÃ-¦nepw FXn-cm-fn-IÄ¡p \½psS a\-Ên t{Im[hpw -Dd¸pw DfAbm-fpsS IÀ½w HSp-hn hn\-jvS-am-Ipw. HcmÄ Xsâ hm¡m-\m-hn-Ã. kZm-Nm-c-¯n\pt{]cW \ÂvIp-¶Xp aXBßmhp am{X-amWv kXy-sa¶v a\-Ên-em-¡n, Btßm- am- W v. aX¯nsâ ASn-Ø m-\ - ¯ n-e - s Ã- ¦ n ]ns¶ ]m-k\ \S-¯p-¶p-sh-¦n Abm-fpsS IÀ½w HSp-hn hn\- \ap¡nÃm¯ Ft´m H¶n-s\-¡p-dn¨p Fs¶¶pw {]bjvS-am-Ipw. HcmÄ Xsâ Bßmhv am{X-amWv kXy-sa¶v Xv\sat¶m , Ah-km-\an-Ãm¯ B{K-l-sat¶m \nc-´ca\-Ên-em-¡n, Btßm-]m-k\ \S-¯p-¶p-sh-¦n Abm- amb hfÀ¨-sbt¶m Hs¡ Bhpw kZm-Nm-c-¯n-¶À°w. fpsS IÀ½w hn\n-jvS-am-Ip-¶n-Ã. AbmÄ B{K-ln-¡p-¶- aX-¯n-em-Is« CsXÃmw A\p-`-hkn-²am-Ip¶p; k^-

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B\-µ-a-b-hp-am-Ip-¶p. At¸mÄ Pohm-ßm-hnsâ ZuÀºeyw \o§p¶p; Pohm-ßm-hn\p hnti-j-amb alXzhpw \nÀÆ-ln-bv¡m-s\m-cp-t±-iyhpw Ds­-¶p-h-cp¶p. Hcnbv¡-eo-t_m-[-ap-Zn-¨p-I-gn-ªm ]ns¶ ico-c-_-Ô-a-ämepw icn XpSÀ¶mepw icn, a\p-jy³ AXn-s\-¡p-dn¨p DZmko-\\m-Ip-¶p. Ah³ k©m-c-amÀ¤w kpK-a-amtWm ITn\-amtWm F¶ Nn´bpw Ah-\n-Ã. a\p-jy\v kXym-\p-`qXn- b p- ­ m- I p- ¶ - t XmsS Ahsâ ]m]- § Ä AIse \o§p¶p; ]md-bvs¡-dnª a®p-cp-f-t]mse Ah kzbw XIÀ¶p \in-bv¡p-¶p. aX-Po-hn-Xs¯ kw_-Ôn-¡p¶ Cu apJy-kXyw \nÀ`mKy-h-im `mc- Xo-b-hn-Nm-c-§-sf-¸än ]Tn- bv¡p¶ ]e anI¨ ]WvUn-X-·mÀ t]mepw th­-hn[w a\-Ên-em-¡p-¶n-Ã. D]\n-j-¯p-Isf hnaÀin-¨hcn Gähpw B[p-\n-I-\mb - tUmIvSÀ lyqw A`n-{]m-b-s¸-Sp¶p: ""D]-\n-j kn²m´hpw {Ko¡p-Im-cmb Ejn-am-cpsS kn²m-´hpw X½n Úm\w t\Sn-b-hÀ kzm`m-hn-I-ambn k¨-cn-{X-\mIptam AYhm Úm\ÀÖ-\-¯nsâ ]cn-Wmaw kÂKp-W-]qÀ®amb PohnXw Xs¶-bmtWm F¶ Imcy-¯n henb aXt`-Z-ap-­v. ChnsS Ipd-¨m-ß-Úm\w t\Sn-¡-gn-ªm ]qÀÆmÀÖn-X-]m-]-§fpw bYmÀ°-¯n- en-Ãm-Xm-Ip-¶p­v! "henb ]m]-am-sW¶p tXm¶p-¶Xpw' Úm\-an-Ãm-¯-h³ sNbvXm \nµyhpw ^e-¯n B]¡-c-hp-amb ]m]§Ä, in£m-` bw IqSmsX kt¦mNw hn«p \nc-´ cw sNbvXp-sIm­n-cn¡m³ Bß-Úm- \n-¡-\p-hm-Z-ap-­v.'' D]\n-j Úm\w B[ym-ßn-Iamb ]WvUn-Xytam hmZ-{]Xn-hm-Z-]-c-hpw, JWvU-\-a-WvU-\m-ß-I-hp-amb kq£va-ss\]p-Wytam Asöpw AXv kÀtÆm-¶Xamb k¯sb - hniz-lr-Z-b-¯n kÀtÆm-]cn-i-ànbmbn {]Xy-£o-Icnbv¡-em-sW¶pw \mw BZyta ]dªp Ign-ª-n«p-­v. a\pjy-{]-IrXn ssk²m-´n-I-ambpw {]mtbm-K-nI-ambpw c­p hn[-¯nepw ]cn-hÀ¯\w sNbvXp-I-gn-ªm am{Xta Cu Bßo-bm-\p-`qXn {]m]n-bv¡m³ Ign-bq. lyqw ]d-bp¶ ""Ipd-¨mß Úm\w t\SÂ'' lrZ-b-ip²n h¶-hÀ¡p am{Xta km[y-a-Iq. AhÀ¡p ]qÀ®-kzm-X-{´y-ap-­v. ""B DbÀ¶ \ne-bn Hcp Ių IÅ-\Ã; sIme-bmfn sImebm-fn-bÃ; ]pWy-]m-]§-f-hs\ ]n³Xp-Scp-¶n-Ã. Fs´¶m AbmÄ At¸m-tg¡pw lrZ-b-¯nse FÃm ZpxJhn-Im-c-§-sfbpw hnP-bn¨p Ign-ªn-cn¡p-¶p.'' kzX-{´\v bmsXmcp \nb-{´-W-hp-an-ÃmsX F´pw kzѵw sN¿mw; ]t£ Cu kzmX{´yw ""tXm¶n-bXp sN¿m-\pÅ {`m´Ã Xm\pw.'' {_Ò-km-£m¡m-c-hmZn X\n-¡p-Xmt\ \nb-ahn- [m- Xm- hm- Ip- ¶p; AbmÄ X\n¡pw Xm³ hkn- ¡p¶ temI¯n\pw {]`p-hm-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. \nb-a\nÀ½m-Whpw \nb-{´-Whpw X§-fpsS a\x-km- £n-bpsS t{]c-W-bvs¡m¯v BNcn-bv¡m-¯-hÀ¡p th­n-bp-Å-Xm-Wv. F¶m kzmÀ°amb Alw-`m-h-§-fn \n¶p-bÀ¶-hÀ¡v kZm-Nmcw PohnX-¯nsâ \nXy-_-Ô-\-bm-bn-¯o-cp¶p; \nbaw t{]a-¯n ]qÀ®-ambn \nÀÆln¡s¸-Sp-¶p. AhÀ ZpjvIÀ½w sN¿pI-sb-¶Xv kw`m-hyta AÃ. ]pdsa \n¶pÅ k½À±w B´-co-Iamb kzoIm-cambn ]cn-Wan¡p-¶p. [mÀ½nI PohnXw {]m]n-¡p-¶-Xp-hsc kZm-Nm-c- \n-baw a\p-jy³ IjvS-s¸«p sR-cp§n A\p-k-cnt¡-­p¶ ]pdsa \n¶pÅ Hcp-{K-im-k-\-am-bn-t¯m-¶pw. shfn¨w In«n-¡-gn-ªmtem

]ns¶-bXv A\m-bm-k-ambn DÕm-l]qÀÆw Adn-bmsX - {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ Bßm-hnsâ kl-P-amb B´-c-Po-hnXw Xs¶-b mbn ]cn-W -a n¡p-¶ p. Hcp Ejn-b psS IÀ½w Bßmhnsâ kv^qÀ¯n-bn-tebv¡v Xs¶-¯m³ kÀÆmkzmÀ¸Ww sN¿-emWv; AÃmsX ]pdsa \n¶v Npa-¯s¸-Sp¶ \nb-a§sf a\Êp-a-Sp-t¸msS A\p-k-cn-¡e-Ã. IÀ½-¯n\p ]pc-kvImcw Imw£n¡m-¯, hogvN bv¡p in£sb `b-an-Ãm-¯, Hcp \nkzmÀ°-nbmb Bßm-hnsâ kzX-{´-amb t{]cW \mw ImWp-¶p. ]c-¼-cm-KX§-fmb - N«-§fpw NS-§p-Ifpw _mly-amb IÀ¯-hy-§fpw kZmNmc \nb-a-§fpw Abmsf kw_-Ônt¨S-t¯mfw \ncÀ°I-am-Wv. Bßmhv B ]c-am-\µ¯n tNÀ¶v ]cn-Xp-jvS- \m-Ip¶p; kakvX ]ZmÀ°-§-fp-tSbpw sFIys¯ ZÀinbv¡ p¶p; \mw hyàn-] -c-a mbn \½psS Bßm-h ns\ kvt\ln-bv¡p¶ t]mse-¯s¶ AXv kakvX {]]-©t¯bpw kvt \ln-¡p-¶p. ""kÀÆYm ]qÀ®-a mb Hcp kÂ`m-h\ C§s\ hnjb-\n-jvT-am-b, AXm-bXv kZm-Nmcw- k w-_ - Ô n-b mb \nb-a -§ Ä¡-[ o-\ -a mbn {]hÀ¯nbvt¡­ _m[y-X-bp-Å-Xmbn hnNm-cn¡m³ Ign-bp-I-bn-Ã. Fs´-¶m AXnsâ Bß-\n-jvT-amb kwL-S\ Imc-Wambn kmZm- Nm-c-kz-`mhw sIm­p Xs¶ AXnsâ \nÀ®bw hcp-¯m³ Ign-bpw. AXp-sIm­v Cuiz-co-b-amb CÑbv¡v AYhm s]mXp-hn AXy-´ -ip-²-amb CÑm-i-à n¡v ]n¶oSp BÚm-cq-]-¯n Hcp t{]cW Bh-iy-an-Ã. "Ahiy IÀ¯hyw' ChnsS AØm-\-¯m-Wv. Fs´-¶m CÑm-ivànbpw \nb-ahpw ChnsS Ahiyw GIm-Im-cambn¡-gn-ª n-cn¡p-¶ p.'' kmZm-N mc \nb-a -§ Ä AXnsâ {]Xy£ {]IS\-amWv; AXp-sIm-­Xns\ _Ôn-¡p-¶nÃ. Ghw-hn-[-\mb ]c-am-ßmhv KpW-§-fpsS hn[m-Zmhpw kzcm-«p-am-W.v AXm-bXv kzbw \nb-akz-cq-]-\m-Wv. hniz-cN-\-bpsS ]²-Xn-bn aq¶p-Xcw kXz-§-fp-­v. (1) kzbw \ne-\n-ev]n¶pw £p¯-S¡m-\pw th­n {]hÀ¯n-¡p-¶hÀ; kzÀ¤ {]m]vXnsb Imw£nt¨m \c-I-`bw aqetam kzmÀt°m-t±-iy-t¯msS Fs´- ¦nepw sN¿p¶ A[- a-·mÀ. (2) \nb-a-§-f-dn-bp-¶hcpw X§-fpsS Bßm-hn\v sshcp²y-`m- h-\- bp-Å-Xp- sIm­v \nb-a-§-fpsS ]cn-[n-IÄ¡p-Ån CW§n HXp§n \n¡m³ IjvS-s¸«v AXy- [zm\w sN¿p¶-h-cpw. (3) Pohn-X-kw-LÀj- ¯n hnPbw {]m]n¨v im´n t\Snb hniz-c-£-I-·mÀ. A¯-c-¡mÀ Pohn-tXm-t±-iy-s¯¸än XnI¨pw A`n-Ú-cm-Wv. hfsc hnNm-c-s¸-Sm-sX, sRcp¡-an-Ãm-sX, B Dt±-iy-¯n-¶-\p-Iq-e-ambn AhÀ \nc-´cw {]hÀ¯n-¨p-sIm-­n-cn¡p-¶p. ktµ-lhpw _p²n-ap«pw t\cn-Sp¶ Imcy§fn IÀ¯-hy-\n-jvT-cmb {_Ò-Úm\n-IÄ X¯-Zhk-c-§-fn BN-cn¡p-¶t]mse BN-cn- bv¡m³ D]-\n-j-¯p-IÄ \t½mSv BÚm- ]n-¡p-¶- t]mse BN-cn-¡m³ D]-\n-j¯p-IÄ \t½mSv BÚm-]n-bv¡p¶p. Cu alm-ßm-¡Ä \£-{X-§Ä {]Imiw hnX-dp¶ t]mse-bpw, ]q¡Ä kuc`yw s]mgn-¡p¶ t]msebpw kzbw Adn-bmsX Xs¶ X§-fpsS ssZ\n-IIÀ½-§-f-\pjvTn-¨psIm-­n-cn-bv¡p-¶p. FÃm a\p-jyÀ¡pw thW-sa¶p-sh-¨m Cu kn²n ssIh-cp-¯m³ Ignbpw. Cuiz-ct\mSv H¶m-bn-t¨-cpI kw`m-hy-am-sW¶v Øm]n-¡m³ AXnsâ hmkvXhn-I-X-X-s¶-bmWv {]am-Ww. a\p-jy\p kÀÆ-ià\mb ]c-am-ßm-hn-t\mSv XmZmßyw {]m]n¨ - -

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I A\p-`hw Xs¶bm-Wv. {InkvXy³ZmÀi-\n-I·m-cpsS A`n-

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XmÀ¡n- I-coXym \njvIÀjn¨v ]Tn¨ tijw GIm-´-¯n {]m-b-¯n a\p-jy-\n Cuiz-c³ ]qÀ®-ambn A`n-hy- ]qÀ®-\n-È-_vZXbn \£-{X-§ sf t\m¡n-s¡m-­n-cn- à-am-bn-¡m-Wp-¶Xv tbip {InkvXp-hnsâ hyàn-Xz-¯n bv¡pI F¶p hnävam³ ]d-bp-¶-Xp-t]mse kzX-{´-ambn am{X-am-Wv. Cuiz- csâ k¼qÀ®-amb Hu¶-Xy-¯n-te-bv¡p- ]qÀ®-amb GIm-´-¯n-en-cp¶v t\tS-­n-bn-cn¡p-¶p. Hcpb-cp-hm-\pÅ kw`m-hyX FÃm a\p-jy-cnepw IpSn-sIm-Åp- X-c-¯n-eXp \mw Adn-bm-\m-{K-ln-¡p¶ hkvXpsh \½psS ¶p-s­¶v D]-\n-j-¯p-IÄ tLmjn-b¡p-¶p. {]b-Xv\n-¨m- a\-¡®n\p ap¼n \nÀ¯-em-Wv. [ym\s¯ hyh-lm-cv e-hÀ¡v B D¶X ]Z-hn-bn-se-¯mw. ¯n Zpjn-¨p- Im-Wp¶ aqÀÑmh-Øbvt¡m A]-karkZmNmc \njvT kzbtah Hcp e£ytam Dt±iytam Xnbvt¡m km[-\-kz-cq-]ambn KWn-¡-cp-Xv. a\-Êns\ hnjb-¯n Ønc-am¡n \nÀ¯m³ klm-b-sa¶ \ne-bn A Ã. A Xns\ \mw \½psS ]qÀ® PohnXambn DÄs¡mff­Xp­v. CXn\v am{XamWv kÀtÆm]cn am{Xta FSp-t¡-­-Xp-Åp. hnNm-c-¯nsâ Nm©-ey-§-sfmalXzapffXv. ]c-ae-£y-¯n-\p-th­n kzX-{´y tkh-\- Xp¡n \nÀ¯n. CÑ-bpsS ]mfn-¨bv¡p ISn-ªm-Wn-«v, a\sa¶ ip²-hn-Nmcw h¶p tIdn-b-t¸mÄ Øm\-{`wiw kw`- Êns\ \mw hnj-b-¯n-ep-d-¸n¡p¶p; AXn-\p-Ån-te-¡pÀ¶nhn¨ Hcp \nb-a-hn-[nsb A¨-S¡-t¯msS A\p-k-cn¡- d-§p¶p; AXmbn XmZmßyw {]m]n¡p-¶p. Cuiz-tcm-]mem- Wn-hnsS kZm-Nm-c-ambn \n¡p-¶-X.v B kzX{´ tkh- k-\, kZm-Nm-cw, kXym-t\z-jWw Ch-sbÃmw Bßm-hn \-am-Is« ]qÀ®-{_-Ò-t¯m-SpÅ AsslXp-I-`-àn-X-s¶- kXy-Po-hnXw Øm]n-bv¡m³ klm-bn-bv¡p-¶p. Dulmbm-W v. Cu Ah-Ø -bn Pohm-ßmhv ]c-am-ßm-hn t]m-lm-ß-I-amb a\Êv Cuiz-ck-¯-sb-¡p-dn¨p \nZn-[ymhnebw {]m]n-bv¡p-¶p. F¶m Cu e£y-{]m-]vXn¡p k-\w sN¿p-t¼mÄ t{]am-ß-I-`-àn-bn-epÅ sshIm-cn-Ihgn-sbm-cp-¡p¶ kZm-Nm-c-]-c-amb ITn-\m-[zm\w Hcn-¡epw kz-`mhw Cuizc\n¯s¶ kzbw ebn-¨-S- §p-¶p. km[mc-W-t]mse At¸mÄ hnjbw \½-fn \n¶p ]pd-ta-bnhyÀ°-am-I-bn-Ã. Ã. B ka-b¯v \nJn-e-k-¯-bnepw H¶n¨p kv^pcnaX-t_m[w bv¡p¶ AKm-[-amb Hc-\-`q-Xn-bp-­m-Ip-¶p. Cuiz-c-t\mSv aXw apJy-ambn Pohn-X-t¯bpw A\p-`-h§-tfbpw sFIyw {]m]n-¡p-I-bmtWm F¶p IqSn tXm¶n-t¸m-Ipw. kw_-Ôn-¡p¶ Imcy-am-Wv. aX-t_m[w hfÀ¯m³ aq¶p D]m-k-I³ Xsâ D]m-ky-tZ-h-X-tbmSp Xpey-ambn hfÀs¶mamÀ¤-§-fmWv D]-\n-j-¯p-IÄ \nÀt±-in¡p-¶Xv; {ih-Ww, ¸-sa-¯p-¶p. hnjbw B ka-b¯p [ym\-¯nsâ LS-Ia\-\w, \nZn-[ym-k-\w. {ihWw tI«-dn-bp-Ibpw a\\w Adn- am-bn-cn-bv¡msX [ym\n-bv¡p-¶-hsâ tNX\ Bbn-¯o-cpª-Xn-s\-¡p-dn¨p Nn´n-¡p-I-bp-am-Wv. GIm-{K-lambn ¶p. a\-Ênsâ cq]-am-äw, HcÀ°-¯n Pohn-X-k-¯-bpsS apgpIn [ym\n¡-emWv \nZn-[ymk\w. H¶m-as¯ Ah- H«msI cq]-am- -ä-amWv; D]-\n-j-¯p-IÄ ]c-{_-Ò-¯nsâ ]cØ-bmb {ihWw aX-Po-hn-X¯n ]mc-¼cy-¯n-\pÅ am-\µ-c-k-amb A´x-t{]-c-W-tbm-sSm¸w A{]-[m\ tZhØm\s¯ kqNn-¸n-¡p-¶p. k¯m-am-{X-\mb Cuiz-c-\n X-I-fpsS A´x-t{]-c-W-sb-¸-änbpw \ap¡p ]d-ªp-X-cphnizm-k-Zo£ sImÅm³ GsX-¦nepw Xc-¯n-epÅ ]c- ¶p-­v. A´À±Ài-\-¯nsâ hnj-b-§Ä¡p hyI-Xn-Xz¼-cm-KX-amb Hcp Znhy-t{]-cW Bh-iy-am-Wv. ""{]Xy-£m- ¯nsâ k¦p-Nn-X-`m-h-§fpw ]cn-an-Xnbpw D­m-bn-cn-¡p-¶n\p-`q-Xn-bn-Ãm-sX-Xs¶ Cuiz-c-k-¯-bn hniz-kn-¨hÀ S-t¯mfw ]c-a-e£yw {]m]n-¡m³ Ign-bn-Ã. \ap¡p {_ÒA\p-Kr-lo-X-cm-Ip-¶p.'' A[n-I]£w Bfp-Ifpw ]mc-¼- am-bn-¯o-c-W-sa-¦n {_Ò-hn-j-b-I-amb A´À±Ài\w cy-¯nepw {]Xo-I-§-fnepw (hn-{K-lm-Zn-IÄ) X§n-\n-¡p- Xs¶ thWw. I-bm-Wv. D]-\n-jÂkn-²m-´¯n-¶-\p-k-cn¨ aXw ]mc-¼P]w, [ym\w, kZm-Nm-cw, kXyhpw `mh-\nÀ`-c-hp-amb cy-hm-Z-hp-ambn Hcp hn[-¯nepw sXän-[-cn-bv¡-s¸-«p-Iq-Sm. Cuiz-tcm-]m-k\ F¶n-h-bn \njvIÀjn-¡p¶ D]-\n-j\nc-´-c-amb _u²n-I-{]-bXv\w sIm­v ]mc-¼-cy-¯nsâ ¯p-Ifnse DÂIr-jvS-amb aX-[À½w aäp aX-§-fn-ep-ÅapJymÀ°s¯ AYhm AXn-e-S-§nb kXys¯ \mw a\t]mse ]mc-¼cy-§-fmb ]nSn-hm-Z§fptSbpw am{´n-I-amÊn-em-¡m³ {i-an-bv¡-Ww. c­m-as¯ Ah-Øbn-emWv bm-Pm- e- §- fp-tSbpw `mc-¯m Ip\n-ªn- «n-sö Imcyw \mw bpàn-hn-N m-c-¯ nsâ Bh-i y-I X ]d-b-s ¸-« n-« p-f-f -X v. HmÀ½n-bvt¡-­-Xp-­.v ]c-amÀ°-k¯ Ht¶ DÅp; AXv BZys¯ Ah-Ø-bn tIh-e-samcp [mc-W-bmbn kzoIhnizw apgps¡ kzbw A`n-hy-à-am-¡p¶p F¶ D]-\ncn-¨Xv Ct¸mÄ XmÀ¡n-I-\nÀ®- b-am-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. kXys¯ j- ²À½- ¯nsâ apJy-X-Xzs¯ Hcp ]g- ©³im-Ty-hm- Z- sa¶p Adn-bpI bYmÀ°-k-¯sb {]m]n-bv¡-e-söp XoÀ¨]d-ªp-IqSm. am\h _p²ns¡-¯m³ Ign-bp¶ Hcp ]cbm-Wv. DbÀ¶ Xc-¯n-epÅ aX-t_m-[¯n\v bYmÀ°a-k- Xy-am-W- X.v imkv{X-¯n- tâbpw ZÀi-\-¯n- tâbpw ]ptcmk¯ A\p-am-\-hn-j-b-am-bm t]mc, km£m¡-cn-bv¡KXn AXn-t\m-Sn-S-bp-I-b-Ã. AXns\ kaÀ°n-bv¡p-t¶-bps¸-Sp-I-Xs¶ thWw. bYmÀ°-k-¯bpsS CuZr-i-amb Åp. ]c-am-ßm-hn t{]ahpw BZ-c`m-h-hp-amWv D]-\n-jA\p-`-h-¯n-\p, A\-´s¯-Êw-_-Ôn¨ C¯cw t_m[¯p-I-fnse aXw. C¯-c-¯n-epÅ [ym\-amWv B[ym-ßn¯n\v XÀ¡-co-Xn-bnÂ\n¶v kÀÆYm `n¶-amb Hcp hnNmI-`àn hnj-b-hn-j-bn-IÄ X½n-epÅ t`Z-`mhw [mÀ½nc-]-²Xn hfÀ¶p-h-tc-­Xp-­v. \nZn-[ym-k\w AsÃ-¦n Im-thiw \ndª lrZ-b-¯n sh¨p-cpIn ep]vX-ambn [ym\-a-áX XmÀ¡n-Ihn-Nm-cs¯ [mÀ½n-Im-\p-`q-Xn-bmbn t]mIp-¶p-sh¶pw AXw-Ko-I-cn-bv¡p¶ kwkm-c¯nsâ amäm³ klm-bn-bv¡p-¶p. Hcp ]s£ AXn-s\-¯-s¶sFIyhpw ]qÀ®-X-bp- amWv D]- \n-j-¯p- I-fnse aX-¯nsâ bmWv ZÀi-\sa¶p hnfn-¡p-¶-Xv. AXns\ kXy-¯nsâ kÀtÆmÂIr-jvS-X-Xzw. aX-]-c-amb A`ym-k-¯nepw \njvT{Inbm-ß-I-amb km£m¡m-c-¯n-\pÅ asämcp t]cmbn bnepw \mw {Ia-¯n tatem-«p-b-cp-t¶-S-t¯mfw D]mapt¼ AwKo-Icn-¨n-«p-Å-Xm-Wv. AXv ""tPymXnÀ¤-WnXw kyhpw D]mkI\pw X½n XmZmßyw A\p-`-htKm-Nc-

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I am-Ip¶p; A§ns\ c­pw H¶p-Xs¶ Bbn-¯o-cp-¶p.
]n¶oSv ]c-¼cm-KXamb kt¦-XmÀ°-¯n D]m-k-\X- s¶-bn-Ã. At¸mÄ ]c-{_Òw kakvX hniz-¯nepw hym]nbv¡p-¶Xpw a\p-jym-ßm-hns\ X¶n apgp-Inbv¡p¶-Xpamb Hc-ko-a-ssN-X\y-sa¶ \ne-bn A\p-`-th-Zy-am-bn¯o-cp-¶p. \½psS AXnÀh-c-¼p-I-sfÃmw XI-cp¶p; a\pjysâ A]qÀ®-Xbv¡v Imc-Wamb tZmj-§Ä Xmt\ \o§p-¶p. aX-¯nsâ e£yw aX-¯nsâ kÀÆm-Xn-imbnXzw Xs¶! BZÀi-aXw Xt¶m- sSm-¶n¨v Bcw- `n¨ ssZzX`m-hs¯ Iogvs¸-Sp-¯p-¶p. aX-kw-_Ôn-bmb D]m-k\ `b-t¯mSp IqSn Bcw-`n-bv¡p-¶p. `àn, t{]aw, \nXy-{_Ò-t¯m-SpÅ kmbqPyw Ch-bpsS amÀ¤-¯n- eqsS apt¶m«p IS¶v Cuiz-c\pw Bßmhpw At\ym\yw tNcp¶ kam[y-hØ-bn-se¯n hnc-an-bv¡p-¶p. ]qÀ®m-hØ {]m]n¡p-¶-Xp-hsc aX-]-c-amb km[-\-IÄ Bh-iy-ambn AwKoI-cn-bv¡-s¸-«n-cn-bv¡p-¶p.

bn-¡-cp-Xp¶ ]£w Cuiz-c-\n-te-bv¡pb-cpI F¶-Xn\v iq\y-amb Hc-Km-[-X-bn-tebv¡p hogpI F¶À°-am-Ipw. At¸mÄ a\p-jy³ F¯n-t¨-cpI kÀÆ-\m-i-¯n-em-bn-cnbv¡pw. Cu ]cn-Wm-as¯ kw_-Ôn¨v D]\n-j-¯p-IÄ¡v XÀ¡-ap-­ v. D¨m-hØ {]km-Z hpw lÀtjm-·m-Z hpw \ndª Hcp ØnXn-bmWv; krjvSn-bmb Poh³ krjvSnsb¶ \ne-hn«v {kjvSm-hn-t\mSp tNcp-¶, IrXy-ambn ]dªm Xm³ {kjvSm-hn-t\mSv sFIyw {]m]n¨p Ign-ªpsh¶v A\p-` hw hcp¶ Hcm-\ -µ m-h -Ø-bm-Wn-Xv. Cu ]qÀ®-Xsb DNn-Xambn hnh-cn¡m³ \s½s¡m­m-hn-Ã. \mw AXn\v {]Xo-I-§-fp-]tbm-Kn-bv¡p-¶p. imizX PohnX-¯nsâ kzcq]w Hcm-\-µm-hØ-bmWv; ]qÀ®-kz-X{´amb Hcp ØnXn-bmWv; Pohm-ßm-hnsâ kpJ-a -b-amb hnkvX m-c-a mWv; AhnsS kzÀ¤hpw `qanbpw H¶n¨p tNÀs¶m-gp-Ip-¶-Xmbn tXm¶pw.

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Pohm-ßmhv ]c-am-ßm-hn-t\mSv GIm-Im-c-ambn tNcp¶p F¶p ]d-bp¶ `mK-§Ä D]-\n-j-¯p-I-fn ]e-bn-S-¯pap-­v, ""{]Whw hnÃpw, Bßmhv A¼pw, {_Òw AXnsâ e£y-hp-am-Wv. A{]-a-¯-\m-b-h³ AYhm ØnX-{]-Ú³ As¼-¿-Ww. A¼v F¿p-¶h³ A¼p-t]mse Bbn-¯ocp-¶p. e£y-amb {_Ò-t¯mSv sFIyw {]m]n-¡p-¶p.'' Bßmhv {_Òw Xs¶ Bbn-¯o-cp-¶p. ChnsS Bßmtam£w hn\pw {_Ò-¯n\pw X½n ]qÀ®-amb XmZmßyw Dd-¸nD]-\n-j-¯p-I-fpsS A`n-{]m-b-¯n Úm\-¯ nsâ ¨p-]-d-ªn-cn-bv¡p-¶p. ho­pw ""Ahn-\m-in-bmb {_ÒD¨m-h-Ø-bn Pohm-ßm- hnsâ Hcp hntÇ-jWw \S-¡p¶p; ¯n Ch-sbÃmw H¶m-bn-t¨-cp-¶p.'' ""Ah³ A£-c-\mb kzmÀ°ab-amb GIm-InXzw Hgn-hm-¡em-WXv. F¶m-e]c-am-ßm-hn kayIv {]Im-c-¯n ØnNn-sN-¿p-¶p.'' sXm-cn-bv¡epw iq\y-Xtbm arXypthm AÃ. ""Hgp-Ip¶ ""Ah³ kÀÆ-Ú\pw kÀÆm-ßm-hp-am-Ip-¶p.'' ""Ah³ \Zn-IÄ \ma-cq-]§-sfm-gn¨v kap-{Z-¯n sN¶v A{]-XyFÃmänepw {]th-in-¡p¶p'' apà-\mb Bßmhv FÃm £-am-Ip¶ t]mse Úm\n-IÄ \a-cq-]§fn \n¶p hnaphkvXp-¡-fnepw {]th-in-bv¡p¶p; FÃm hkvXp-¡fpw `mhà-cmbn ]cmÂ]-c-\mb Znhy-]p-cp-js\ {]m]n-¡p-¶p.'' D]cq-]¯n XmZmßyw {]m]n-¡p¶p. ""Cu Bßm-hns\ \n-j-¯p-IÄ k¦p-Nn-X-\mb Pohm-ßm-hn\v ]c-a-k-¯-bp{]m]n¨v Ejn-amÀ X§Ä t\Snb Úm\-¯m kwXrs­¶v Hcn-¡epw AwKo-I-cn-¡p-¶n-Ã. X§Ä¡v Aa-cXzw ]vX-cm-Ip-¶p. X§-fpsS IÀ¯hyw \nÀÆ-ln-¨ -h-cmbn e`n-bv¡m-\mbn {]mÀ°n-¡p-¶hÀ Pohm-ßm-hnsâ ]c-aFÃm Ima-§-fnÂ\n¶pw apà-cm-bn, ]qÀ®-i-at¯msS k-¯sb kzoI-cn-¡p-¶p.km´-Po-hn-X-¯nse bYmÀX-Xzw, kÀÆ- K-\mb Bßm-hns\ kÀÆ-`m-K-§-fn-eq- sSbpw {]m]n¨v Pohm-ßm-hnsâ {]Ir-Xn-bn kÀÆ-t{i-jvT-am-b-X,v A\-´GIm-{K-Nn¯cmbn (bp-àm-ßm-¡-fm-bn) kÀÆ-cq-]-amb am-W.v AXv `uXn-I-k-¯-bpsS AXn-cp-Isf ewLn¨v A¸p{_Ò-¯n {]th-in-bv¡p¶p'' ka- kvX-hn- iz- t¯bpw kÀÆdhpw Dd-¨p-\n-¡p-¶p. al-Xz-¯nsâ Hcw-ihpw Ipd-bp{Km-ln-bmb GI-k-¯-bn Dd-¨p-\n-¡p-¶-Xmbn A\p-`¶n-Ã. Cl-tem-Is¯ a®n \ma-t\z-jn¨p \S¡p-¶Xpw hn-¡p-¶-hÀ¡v ZpxJ-t¢-im-Zn-I-fp-­m-Ip-¶n-Ã. ""thZm´ A]qÀ®-cq-]-¯n Is­-¯p-¶-Xp-amb [mÀ½n-Iaq-eyhnÚm-\¯m kwi-b-te-isat\y tÚbmÀ°w Dd§sf kÀtÆm-¨m-h-Ø-bn-se-¯p-t¼mÄ ]qÀ®-cq-]-¯n ¨p [cn-¨-h-cmbn k\ym-k-tbm-K-¯m ip²-k-Xz-·m-cm-b]c-amÀ°-kz-`m-h-¯n- ImWm³ Ign-bp-¶p. a\p-jy-sc¶ hÀ {_Ò- tem-I-§sf {]m]n-¡p-¶p. ico- c-Xym-K-¯nsâ ka\ne-bn A]qÀ®-cq-]-¯nte \ap¡v BZÀi-§sf {]m]nb-¯m-Is« ]c-a-amb Aa-c-`mhw {]m]n¨v kÀÆYm apà¡m³ Ign-bp-¶pÅp; AXpw A´À±Ài\-apÅ ka-b¯v cm-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. apàmßmhn¶p Xm³ {]]©¯nsâ Hcp an¶Ât]mse am{Xw. D¨m-hØ-bn-em-Is« Ahsb {kjvSmhmsW¶p ]db¯¡ hn[w ]camßmhnt\mSv Ipä-aäv ]qÀ®-ambn tijn-s¸m-¶p-an-Ãm-¯-hn[w apgp-h-\m{]KmVamb sFIyt_m[ap­mIp¶p. ""Rm³ A¶- am-Wv. bn, hnI-Â]-\hnlo\w ]cn-]qÀ®-ambn {]m]n-¡m³ IgnRm³ A¶m-Z- \mWv (`-£n-¡p-¶-h³). Rm³ IÀ¯m-hmWv; bp-¶p. \ap¡o temI-¯n In«p¶ B\µw Znhym-\-µRm³ IÀ½-am-Wv. Rm³ c­pw IqSn-b-Xm-Wv. (A-¶¯n¯nsâ \ng-em«w am{X-am-sW-¶v, AXnsâ XpÑ-amb {]Xntâbpw A¶m- Z-tâbpw kwLm-X-IÀ¯m-hm-Wv) Rm³ ap¼v cq-]- am- sW¶v ssX¯-co-tbm- ]-\n-j¯v Nq­n- ¡m- Wn¡p-¶p. (k-Xym-k-Xy- cq-]-I-amb PK-¯ n\pap¼v) P\n-N-¨-h-\m- Wv. Pohn-X-k- ap-{Z-¯nse FÃm IjvS-¸m-Sp-Ifpw sRcp-¡-§fpw Rm³ Cu {]]-© -¯ nsâ kwlm-c -I À¯m-h p-a m-W v. kln-¨-Xn-\p-tijw \mw Ic¡-Wbp-¶Xv ]«nWn InS¶p kqcy\p Xpeyw \nXy-{]-Im-iap-Å-XmWv Fsâ tPymXnNmtI-­ n-hcp¶ Hcp acp¸-c-¸n-e-s öp XoÀ¨-bm-Wv. Êv. Rm³ Cu kwkm-c-¯n-tâbpw Aac·mcmb tZh-·mapàm-h-Ø sb Bßm-hnsâ k¼qÀ®-{]-Im-i -\-ambn cp-tSbpw tI{µ-am-Wv.'' Cu kqà-§-fnÂ\n¶v a\-Ên-emKWn-bv¡-Ww. ]c-{_-Òs¯ tIhew Hc-aqÀ¯-k-¯-bmD]-\n-j-¯p-IÄ H¶pw AwKo-I-cn¡p-¶n-söv km[mc-W-bmbn ]d-ªp-hcm-dp-­v. ""t{]a-¯n hkn-¡p-¶-h³ Cuiz-c-\n hkn-¡¶p-þ-Cu-iz-c³ Ah-\n-epw.'' FÃm bYmÀ° aXhpw Cuiz-cs\ A´-cym-an-bmbn Icp-Xp¶p; Ahn-Sp¶p ]c-a-\n-Kp-V-\p-am-Wv.

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I Ip-¶Xv B Ah-Øbn thdn« hyàn-t_m-[-¯nsâ -

[-ZrjvSym t\m¡p-t¼mÄ Pohm-ßmhv FÃm-¯cw t`Z-`m-h{]k-àntb CsÃ-¶m-W.v AXp-sIm­v B D¨m-h-Ø-bn §-tfbpw hnti-j-XI-tfbpw Hgn¨p AXp-an-Xp-an-Ãm¯ IÀ½-¯nsâ {]iv\hpw DÂ`-hn-¡p-¶n-à . CXv icocw A\nÀ®o-X-amb Hcp a[y-Ø-h-kvXp-hmbn \ne-sIm-Åphnebw {]m]n¨v , a\Êv sI«-W-ªv, kÀÆhpw AXn-cn- ¶p. C¯cw Imcy-§fn Dd¡w \Sn¨p Ign-bp¶ A{iÃm¯ Ccp-«n-emgv¶p t]mtb-S-¯v, tNX-\m-iq-\y-amb Hc- ²-·mÀ bYmÀ°-¯n hfsc {Inbm-io-e-cm-Imw. XmXzn-IXn-Po-hn¡-em-sW¶p tXm¶pw. \ap¡p thW-sa-¦n-e-Xns\ ]-£-¯n\v _ew sImSp-¯m apàm-ßmhv ]qÀ®-X{]mkz]v\§-fn-Ãm¯ Dd-¡-sa-t¶m, t_m[-iq-\y-amb im´n- ]n¨ Pohm-ßm-hm-W¶p \ap¡v a\-Ên-em¡m³ Ign-bpw. sbt¶m ]d-bmw. bmÚ-hÂIy³ ssat{X-bn¡v CXv hnh- XnI¨pw ]c-am-ßm-hn-t\mSv Xpey-am-W-Xnsâ \ne. apàmcn¨p sImSp-¡p-I-bmWv: ""Hcp-¸p-I« shÅ-¯n-en-«m AXv ßmhv Xsâ FÃm B{K-l-§-tfbpw \nd-th-än-s¡m­v Aen-ªp-tN-cp-¶p. AXp-]ns¶ Hcp-¡q-«n-sb-Sp-¡m³ Ign- temIm-´-c-§ -fn k©-cn-¡p-¶-Xmbn {]Jym-]n-¡p¶ bn-Ã. F¶m B shÅ-¯nÂ\n¶v GXp `mK-sa-Sp¯p kqà-nIÄ apàn {]m]n¨ Pohm-ßm-¡Ä¡v {Inbm-io-et\m¡n-bmepw D¸p-]p-fn-bp-­m-bn-cnbv¡pw. bYmÀ°-¯n amb Pohn-Xap-s­¶v kqNn-¸n-¡p¶p. ""Cu temI-§-fn al-¯mb Cu Bßm-hnsâ ØnXnbpw CXp-X-s¶-bm-Wv. k©-cn-¨p-sIm-­,v CÑm-\p-kmcw `£Ww Ign-¨p-sIm-­v. AXv A\-´-amWv; A]-cn-an-X-amWv; Úm\-¯nsâ ]qÀ®- CjvS-¯n-\\p-k-c¨v \m\m BIm-c§Ä kzoI-cn¨v kamX-bm-Wv. Cu Poh-k-Xz-§-fn-eqsS CXp {]Xy-£- ambn. Ah- K-m\w sNbvXp sIm­p hncm-Pn¡p-¶p.'' F¶mepw Xm³ tbm-sSm¸w A´À²m-\hpw sN¿p-¶p. arXyp-hn\p tijw ]c-am-ßm-hn-t\mSv sFIyw {]m]n-¨n-cn¡p¶p F¶ [mctNX-\m-h-k-Y-bn-Ã.'' ssat{Xbn ]d-bp¶p: ""arXyp-hn\p W-bpap­v. Omtµm-tKym-]-\n-j-¯n-\-\p-k-cn¨p Aa-c-Xz-satijw tNX-\bn-söp ]d-bp¶ A§-bpsS hm¡p-IÄ ¶m Xs¶-¯m³ tZh-{]-tZ-i-t¯bv¡v DbÀ¯n F¯nF\nbv¡p ]cn-{`-a-ap-f-hm-¡p-¶p.'' bmÚ-h-ÂIy³ D¯cw ¡-em-Wv. Cuiz-c-t\mSv kmlNcysa-¶mWv apWvU-tIm-]\ÂIp-¶p. ""]cn-{`-an-bvt¡-­-Xmb Imcy-sam¶pw Rm³ `h- \n-j¯p ]d-bp-¶-Xv. Cuiz-c-t\mSv ]c-akm-Zr-iy-sa¶pw Xn-tbmSp ]d-ªn-ÃtÃm. CXp XnI¨pw a\-Ên-em-¡m-hp¶ ]d-ªn-cn¡p¶p. hyàn- ]-c-amb C¯cw IÀ½-§Ä km[ykwK-Xn-bm-Wv. Pohn-X-¯n ssZzX-`m-hap-­m-hp-t¼mÄ am-¡m³ th­n-bmWv Pohm-ßmhv Cuiz-c-Xp-ey-\m-Ip¶p HcmÄ¡v asäm-cm-tfmSv kwkm-cn¡m³ Ign-bpw, HcmÄ¡v F¶p ]d-b-s¸-«n-«p-Å-Xv. ]c-tam-¶-X-amb Zi-bpsS kz`masämcmtfmSv kwkmcn¡m³ Ignbpw. atä-bmÄ ]d-bp- h-s¯-¡p-dn¨v F{X-Xs¶ hyXy-kvXm-`n-{]m-b-§ -fp-s­¶Xp tIÄ¡m³ Ign-bpw. HcmÄ¡v atä-bm-sf-¸än hnNm- ¦nepw Hcp Imcyw XoÀ¨-bm-Wv. AsXmcp k{In-bm-hØcn-bv¡ m³ Ign-bpw. HcmÄ¡v CX-c-s\-¸ än A\p-am-\n- bmWv; ]qÀ® kzX-{´-X-bmWv; ]nc-]qÀ®mh-Ø-bp-amWv; bv¡m\pw Ign-bpw. F¶m Hmtcm ]ZmÀ°hpw Abm- IrXy-am-bn-¸-dªm- \ap-¡m-Zisb hÀ®n-s¨m¸n-bv¡mfpsS Bßm-hm-bn-¡-gn-ªmÂ]ns¶ F´p-sIm­v Bsc- \m-hn-Ã. C\n Fs´-¦n-ep-samcp hnh-cWw IqSntb Ignbq ¡m- W m³ Ignbpw? F ´p- s Im­ v BcpsS KÔw F¶p-s­-¦n AXns\ Znhy-Po-hn-X-¯nsâ Hc-h-Øm-t`{LmWn¡pw? F´p-sIm-­-htcmSp kwkm-cn¡pw? F´p Z-sa¶p ]d-bp-¶-Xmhpw \Ã-Xv. kqcy-c-ivan-IÄ kqcy-\n hgn-bmbn BÀ ]d-bp-¶ Xp tIÄ¡pw? F´p-sIm­v ebn-bv¡p¶ t]mse-bpw, Ae-IÄ kap-{Z-¯n-sem-Xp-§phnNmcw sN¿pw? Adnbpw? Cu kwkvX-hn-iz-t¯bpw Adn- ¶-t]m-sebpw kzc-§Ä Km\-e-l-cn-bn CW-§p-¶t]mbp¶ F´p-]I-cWw sIm­m-W-hs\ Adn-bpI? kÀÆ- se-bp-aÃmsX AXn-ep-a[n-I-ambn Bß-k¯ hn\m-iaS- hp-a-dn-bp¶ Ahs\ F´n-eq-sS-bm-W- dn-bpI?'' CXn \n¶v bp-¶n- Ã. Pohm-ßm- hnsâ kwKoXw kwkm- c-bm-{X- bn hnepHcp Imcyw kv]jvS-am-Wv. \½psS _p²n¡v {Kln-¡m³ ]vX-\m-Ip-¶n-Ã,. AsXs¶¶pw H¶p-X-s¶-bm-W,v F¶m Ign-bm-¯hn[w Hcp {]tXy-Ico-Xbn IÀ½hpw {]Xy- H¶-Ã-Xm-\pw. apàm-ßmhv FÃm-än-t\mSpw GIm-Im-c-am-bn£-Úm-\hpw Nn´bpw t_m[hpw hn«p-sIm-­mWv Pohm- t¨-cp¶p; Cuiz-c-t\mSv sFIyw {]m]n¨v Pohn- ¡p-¶p. hn[mßmhv apàn {]m]n-¡p-¶-Xv. Ch-sbÃmw tIhew ssZzXm- b-I -amb hnh-c Ww sshb-à n-I -amb t`Z-t _m[s¯ ß-I-amb ZÀi-\-¯nsâ e£-W§fmWtÃm, Cu IÀ½- \nÀt±in-¡p-¶Xmbn tXm¶pw. Cu sshb- -àn-I-amb t`Z§Ä hnj-bn-I-fpsS hntcm-[`m-hs¯ B{i-bn-¨mWv \ne- `mhw GsXmcp hn[-¯n-epÅ Bß-`m-h\tbbpw ASn- s¡m-Åp-¶-Xv. Ahbv¡v kmt]-£-I-tem-I-¯nte kw`m- Øm- \-am-¡n- bp-Å-X-sÃ- ¦nepw AXv Cl-tem-I-¯n IÀ½mhy-Xbp-Åp. ]c-a-tem-I-¯n-se-¯n-bm FÃm hn[w \m\m- \p-jvTm\w sN¿p-¶-Xn Pohm-ßm-hns\ klm-bn¡p-¶p. Xzhpw ssZzX-`m-hhpw AkvXa n-bv¡p-sa¶p ]d-bp-¶p. Pohm-ßm-hnsâ A¯-c-¯n-epÅ Poh-·p-IX ]c-a-k-¯AtXm-sSm¸w Ah aqe-ap-­m-Ip¶ {]Xy-£-Úm-\hpw tbmSv sFIyw {]m-]n-¨p-­m-Ip¶ B\-µ-a-\p-`-hn-¡m³ IÀ½-§fpw CÃm-Xm-Ip-¶p. B Ah-Øbn \nXy\pw AXym-h-iy-am-Wv. Bßm-`n-hy-àn-bpsS Dt±iyw \nd-thamä-an-à m-¯ -h -\p-a mb Bßmhp am{X-am-W p-­ m-hp-I . äm³ th­ Hcp hyànXzw tI{µs¯ ssIh-i-s¸-Sp-¯nAXnsâ ]qÀ®X-bn FÃm KXnIfpw \ne-bv¡p¶p; sh-¨n-«p-s­-¦nepw Bßm-hn\v Xsâ Kuc-hhpw Aa-cm-hFÃm \nd-§fpw a§p-¶p. FÃm i_vZ§fpw im´-am-Ip- Ø-bpsS al-X zhpw \Ã-h -® -a-d n-bm-sa¶p ]d-bp-¶p. ¶p. apàn-bpsS \ntj-[m-ß-I-hi§-fm-Wnh; koan-X_p- {_mÒ-WvU-\m-S-I-¯n Cuiz-c³ {]hÀ¯n-¨p-sIm-­n-cn- ²nbv¡v {Kln-¡m³ Ign-bp-¶-hbpw Ch-sbm-s¡-¯-s¶- bv¡p-¶p-sh-¶pw, Znhy-tNX\ AXn Xsâ `mKw A`n-\bm-Wv. hn[m-b-I-amb Hcp hihpw IqSn CXn-\p-­v. \½psS bn- ¡p-¶p- s­¶pw Pohm-ßmhv Adn- bp-¶p- ­v. apàmßmhpw iàn ]cn-an-Xam-Wv. AXp sIm­v ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ ]qÀ®- B \mS-I¯n A`n-\-bn-¡p-¶p­v; kXys¯ ]qÀ®Xsb hnh-cn-bv¡m-\m-hn-Ã. F¶m-enXp sIm­p-am{Xw AXv ambpw ssIhiw sh¨p-sIm-­p-Xs¶! Abm-fpsS Dt±-iy\ntj-[m-ß-I-amb iq\y-X-bm-bn-s¡m-Å-W-sa-¶n-Ã. \ntj- §Ä¡p hg-§m-¯Xmbn H¶pw Xs¶-bn-Ã. ""Ah³

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I Imäns\ Xsâ ktµ-ihmlI·m-cm-¡p-¶p. Pzen¡p¶
Aán-Isf a{´n-am-cm-¡p-¶p.'' hyXykvX-hn-h-c-W-§sf XXz-Úm-\-§-fn-eqsS CW-¡n-t¨À¡m³ ho­pw Ipsd¡mew IqSn Im¯n-cn-bvt¡-­n-h-¶p. Cu Pohn-X-¯nÂsh¨p-Xs¶ Al¦m-cs¯ \o¡n-¡-f-bpI kw`m-hy-am-Wv. A§ns\ Cu Pohn-X¯n ]qÀ®X t\Sp-¶-hs\ Poh·p-à-s\¶p ]d-bp-¶p. Aar-XXz-¯n-epÅ B\µw Poh·pàsâ kzÑ-µ-K-Xn-bn¯s¶ {]I-S-am-Ip-¶p. FÃm `mc-Xo-b-X-Xz-Nn-´-I-·mcpw tam£w P\-\ac-W- §-fn \n¶p apàn-bm-sW¶ Imcy-¯n tbmPn-bv¡p¶p-­v. Cuiz-c-t\mSv kmbq-Py-sa-¶Xv \nXy-\m-IpI F¶Xnsâ asämcp t]cm-Wv. "\nXyX'sb ImW-s¸-Sp¶ Cu `uXn-I-{]]-©-¯nsâ kt¦-X-¯n-te¡v XÀÖa sNbvXmeXv P·-ar-Xyp-c-ln-X-amb Ah-Ø-Xs¶-bm-Wv. -

am-Wv. ]pWy-am-Is« \nÝ-bm-ß-Ihpw bYmÀ°-hp-amWv; Pohn-X-X-Xz-hp-am-Wv. ]m]-¯n\v FÃm-htcbpw kwXr-]vXcm-¡m³ Ign-bn-Ã.

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]m]hpw ZpxJm-\p-`hpw
AssZz-X-]-²-Xn-I-fn-ep-S-\ofw hgn-sX-än-bv¡p¶ Hcp XSÊ-amWv ]m]-¯nsâ {]iv\w. thZ-a-{´-§-fn sshZn-Ihn-[n-bv¡-\p- Iq-e-ambn {]hÀ¯n-¡p-¶Xp ]pWy-ambpw hnh]co- -Xambn {]hÀ¯n¡p-¶Xp ]m]-ambpw ]d-ªn-cn-bv¡p¶p. D]-\n-j-¯p-I-fpsS A`n-{]m-b-¯n \nXy-Po-hn-Xs¯¸-än-b pÅ Úm\w ]pWyhpw AÚm-\w-]m-]hp-am-Wv. Cu anYym-ZÀi-\s¯ {]I-Sn-¸n-¡p¶ BN-c-Whpw A-Xns\-¯p-SÀ¶p Bßm-hnsâ Hä-s¸-Sepw ]m]m-Nm-c-am-Wv. D]-\n-j-¯p-I-fpsS A`n-{]m-b-¯n {]]-©-¯nse \nJne-]-ZmÀ°-§- tfbpw Cuiz-c-{]m-]Xn-¡pÅ D]-I-c-a-§-fmbn v ImtW-­-Xp-­v. \ma-hsb \nb-Xcq-]-§fpwthÀs]-«-h-bpambn Icp-Xp-Ibpw \mw kzbw thdn« LS-I§-fm-sW¶p [cn-¡p-I-bp-am-sW-¦n [mÀ½n-Iambn ]m]w sN¿p-¶p. Al-¦mcw aqew ]qÀ®-{_-Ò¯nsâ ]c-am-[n-Im-cs¯ \ntj-[n¡-epw kzbw kÀÆmw-K-]qÀ®hpw kzbw-]-cym-]Xv hp-am-sW¶p {]Jym-]n-¡-ep-am-Wn-hn-sS-bpÅ sXäv. ]qÀ®{_-Ò-¯nsâ ]c-tam-¶-Xm-h-Øsb BN-c-W-¯nsâ Al¦mcw sIm­v \n-cm-I-cn-¡p¶p F¶-XmWv ChnsS ]m]-ambn-¯o-cp-¶Xv. kzmÀ°-a-b-amb Al-¦m-cs¯ P\n-¸nbv¡p¶ AI-¡-g-¼n-Ãm¯ A´ÀZrjvSn Xsâ k¦p-Nn-X`m-hs¯ sI«n-¸n-Sn¨p \n¡p¶p; FÃm-hn[w XymK-§fn \n¶pw ]n³h-en-bp-¶p. AXnsâ k´m-\-amWv ]m]w. D]-\n-j¯p-IÄ ]m]w amb-bm-sW¶p ]d-bp-¶nÃ; B ]m]w imiz-Xam-sW¶pw kqNn-¸n-bv¡p-¶n-Ã. Cu c­-hkvXI-fnepw AXn\v Iosgm-Xp§n hg§pI a\-jysâ IÀ¯-hy-am-bn-cn¡pw. ]pWy-ambn ]cn-hÀ¯\w sN¿m³ _m[y-X-s¸- «-XmWv F¶ AÀ°- ¯n ]m]w Ab-YmÀ°am-Wv. AXnsâ cq]w amäm³ {]bXv\w Bh-iy-am-sWt¶mÀ¡p-t¼mÄ A{X-t¯mfw AXp bYmÀ°-hp-am-W.v Bß tNX-\bpsS Øm\¯v ]c-amÀ°-tN-X-\sb IpSn-bn-cp-¯p-¶Xv ]pWy-am-sW-¶n-cns¡ Xsâ Bßmhv Cuiz-c-t\-¡mÄ D¶X\msW¶p hcp-¯p-¶Xv ]m]-am-W.v D]-\n-j-¯p-I-fpsS A`n-{]m-b-¯n kZm-Nmcw hkvXp-¡fpsS bYmÀ° kz`m-hs¯ {]I-Sn-¸n-¡p-¶p. Ah-km-\¯n- ]pWyw am{Xta hnP-bn¡p-Ibp-Åp. ""kXyw Pbn¡p¶p; AkXyw Pbn¡p-¶nÃ.'' ]m]w Hcp \ntj-[m-ßI-amb hkvXp-hmWv; X\n-¡p-Xm³ FXn-cmWv; arXyp-XXz-

Bßo-b-Po- hn-X-¯n¶p a\p-jym-h-Ø-I-fn Ign-tb- ­nh-cp-t¶-S-t¯mfw Imew ZpxJs¯ XpS-¨p-\o-¡n-¡-f-bm-\mhn-Ã. Xsâ k¼qÀ®-k-¯bpw Cuiz-cmÀ¸-Wam-bn-¯ocp-¶-Xp-hsc ZpxJm\p`-h§fpsS {Ia-¯n \S-¡p¶ D¶- Xn-{]-{Inb Ah-km-\n-¸n-¡m³ Ign-bn-Ã. D]-\n-j¯p ]dbp¶p: ""a\p-jy³ bYmÀ°-¯n bÚ-am-Ip¶p'' \mw Cuiz-cm-`n-ap-J-cm-bn-¯o-cp-¶Xp-hsc PohnXw \nc-´-c-amb arXyp-hm-Wv. a\p-jym-ßmhv \nXy-k-¯sb {]m]n-bv¡m\mbn t¢in¨p X«n-¸n- S-bv¡p¶ Hcp ]oUm-Øm- \-amWv PohnXw. adItfmtcmt¶mtcm¶mbn \ot¡­Xp­v. Cuizcob PohnXw ssIh-cp-¶-Xn\p ap¼mbn Pohn-X-¯n-epÅ {`m´n kaqew \in¡-Ww.

IÀ½w
EtKz-Z-¯nse "EX'¯n {Ia-k-am-[m-\§fpw kÂ`c- Whpw {]I-S-am- bn-¡m-Wmw. IÀ½-kn-²m- ´-¯n-¶-\p-k-cn¨p t\m¡n-bm [mÀ½n-IPK¯n A\n-Ýn-Xtam AØn- - ctam Bb bmsXmcp hkvXphpw ImWp-I-bn-Ã. \mw hnXbv¡p-¶Xv \mw sIm¿p-¶p. ]pWy-¯nsâ ]pWy¯nsâ hn¯pIrjnsNbvXm ]pWy ^ew sIm¿mw, ]mh¯nsâ hn¯n \n¶p ]m]hpw. Gähpw sNdnb IÀ½w t]mepw a\p-j y-k z-`m-h -¯ n kzm[o\w sNep-¯p-¶p. IÀ½§Ä¡mbn Xsâ DÅn-en-c-p¶v t{]cW \ÂIn-s¡m-­n-cn¡p¶ Nne hmk-\-IsfÃmw Xm³X-s¶ hnNmcw sNbvXv t_m[-]qÀÆw Xnc-sª-Sp¯ ]qÀÆ-IÀ½-§-fpsS ]cn-Wma-am-s W¶p a\p-j y-\ -dn-h p-­ v. Adn-ª p-s Im­v \mw sN¿p¶ IÀ½-§Ä Ipsd Ign-ªm AÚmX ioe§-f m-bn-¯o-cp-¶ p. kzm`m-hn-I-ambpw C¶p \ap-¡pÅ AÚm-X-hm-k-\IÄ ap³]v t_m[-]q-ÀÆw sNbvXp-h¶ kz´w IÀ½-§-fp-sS-Xs¶ ]cn-Wm-aam-sW¶v Icp-Xs¸Sp-¶p. kap-{Z-¯nse Ae-b-Sn-I-tfbpw \£-{X-§-fpsS KXnI-tfbpw \ap¡p XSp-¡p-hm³ Ign-bm-¯-t]m-se-¯-s¶[mÀ½n- I-hn-Im- k-¯nsâ {]{In-b-tbbpw XS- bm³ \mw AkaÀ°-cm-W v. IÀ½-\n-b-a-§ sf AXn-ew-Ln-b v¡m³ \S¯p¶ {iaw HcmÄ Xsâ \ng-ens\ Hgn-hm-¡n-t¸m-Im³ {ian-bv¡ p-¶ -t]m-s e-¯ s¶ \njv^ -e-am-Wv. Ime-s ¯s¡m­p am¨p-I-f-bmt\m ac-W-s¯-s¡m­p Npc-­n-¡-fbm-t\m, Ign-bm¯ IÀ½-§-fpsS Hcp {]am-W-tcJ a\pjy Pohn-X- ¯n-ep-s­- ¶Xv Hcp a\x-im-kv{X-kn- ²m-´-am-Wv. tZhb-Ú-§-f-\p-jvTn-¨m ]m]-tam-N-\-ap-­m-Ip-sa¶ ]gb sshZn-I-kn-²m-´-¯n\v {]tXyI {]m[m\yw sImSp-¯p-ImWp-¶p-­v. ]m]w sN¿p-¶-h³ arXypsh {]m]n-bv¡p-sa¶v Hcp tLmc-in-£m-hn-[nbpw hnfw-_cw sN¿-s¸-«n-cn-bv¡p¶p. Hcp a\p-jy³ ]pWy-hm-\m-IpI bPvR-§-fn-eq-sS-bÃ; kÂ{]-hr-¯n-Ifn-eq-sS-bmWv: ""Hcp a\p-jy³ kÂ{]-hr¯n-IÄsIm­v \Ãh\pw No¯ hr¯n-IÄ sIm­v No¯h\pw Bbn- ¯o-cp-¶p.'' ho­pw ""a\p- jy³ CÑm-i- àn-bpÅ Pohn-bm-Wv. Cu temI-¯n Ah³ hnNm-cn-¡p-¶t]mse-¯s¶ ]c- tem- I¯pw Bbn-¯o-cpw.'' AXp sIm­mWv \t½mSv \Ã-Xns\ CÑn-bv¡m\pw \Ã-Xp-Xs¶ sN¿m\pw hn[n-¨n-«p-Å-Xv. ""Ah³ Xsâ a\-Êp-sIm­v GXp-tem-I-

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I §sf {]m]n-¡m³ sImXn-¨mepw GXp hkvXp In«m-\m-{Kln-¨mepw B temI-§fpw B hkvXp-¡fpw ]cn-ip-²-lrZ-b-\mb Ah\p e`y-am-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. AXp-sIm­p {]I-Si-àn-bmb `qXnsb B{K-ln-¡p-¶-hÀ Bßm-hns\ icnbm-b-dn-bp¶ (B-ß-{]-Ú-bm-b) D]-ks¯ D]m-kn-bv¡Ww.'' IÀ½-¯nsâ {]Xn-^-e-am-bn-«mWv A\m-Znbpw A\´-hp-am-bn-«pÅ k¯ P\-\-a-cW§-fpÅ kwkm-c-am-bn- ¯o-cp-¶-Xv. IÀ½-kn-²m´w a\p-jyÀ tZh-·mÀ arK-§Ä, hr£-e-Xm-Z-nIÄ Ch-sb-sbÃmw Xsâ heb-¯n ]nSn¨p Iq«p- ¶p. bYmÀ°-¯n D]-\n-j-¯p-¡-fpsS A`n-{]m-b-¯n kap-Zm-b-tk-h\w sImt­ IÀ½-¯n \n¶p apàn e`n¡p-I-bp-Åp. kzmÀ°-IÀ½-§Ä sNbvXp-sIm-­n-cn¡p-t¶S-t¯mfw Imew \mw IÀ½-_Ô¯nsâ \nb-a-¯n\p - A[o-\cm-bn-cn-¡pw. \mw Bk-àn-cln-Xcmbn IÀ½m-\pjvTm\w sN¿p-¶-]£w apàn {]m]n-¡p-¶p. ""\obn-§s\ Pohnbvs¡ IÀ½w \ns¶ IpSp-¡m³ bmsXmcp Imc-Whp-an-Ã.'' \mw P·-ar-Xyp-¡fpsS N§-ebn _²-cm-Im³ ImcWw IÀ½-§Ä sN¿p¶p F¶-Xà kzmÀ°-]qÀ®amb IÀ½-§-fm-Wv. hyàn-IÄ X§Ä sN¿p-¶Xnsâ D¯-c-hm-Zn¯w kzbw Gsä-Sp-¡msX B `mcw hn[n-bpsS Xebvt¡m \£-{X-§-fp-tStbm asä-´n-tâ-sb-¦n-eptam tase-Nmcn Hgn-ªp- amdns¡m­n- cp¶ Ime- L-«-¯n IÀ½kn-²m´w C§s\ \njvIÀjn-¨p. ""Hcp ]£n kzbw IqSp­m¡n AXn _Ô-\Ø-\m-Ip¶ t]mse a\p-jy³ kzbw _²\m-Ip-¶p.'' \½psS apI-fn a§n-¡m-Wp¶ hkvXp Ccp­ ZpÀÆn-[n-b-Ã. \mw Xs¶ ap¼p sNbvXpsh¨ IÀ½-§-fm-Wv, \mw kwkm-c-N-{I-¯n\v Cc-b-Ã. ZpxJm-\p-`hw ]m]-¯n\p In«p¶ thX\amWv. C¯-c-samcm-ibw kZm-Nm-c-\n-jvTm-\-¯n\p iàn-bmb t{]c-W-bmsW¶ Imcy-¯n kwi-b-an-Ã. a\p-jysâ IÀ½-§Ä¡v AXn-cn-Sp¶ Nne \n_-Ô-\-I-fp-s­t¶ CXn-¶À°-ap-Åp. \maà \s½ krjvSn-¨Xv,. ZpÊm-[-amb Fs´-¦nepw Imcyw t\cn-Sp-t¼m-gmWv \mam-{K-lnv¡p¶ hn[w apgp-h³ \ap¡p sN¿m-\m-hnà F¶p \mw a\-Ên-em-¡p-¶Xv.v icnbv¡p a\Ên-em-¡nb IÀ½-kn-²m´w kZm-Nmc {]b-Xv\s¯ \ncpÕm-l-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶n-Ã. a\-Ên\v hne§p hbv¡p-¶n-Ã. CÑmi-ànsb N§-ebv¡n-Sp-¶nÃ. FÃm Icy-§fpw ]qÀÆm-hØ- I- fpsS A\n-hm- cy- amb ]cn- Wm-a-am-sW¶p am{Xta AXp ]d-bp-¶p-Åp. Imcy-ambn ]cn-W-an¡p¶ Hcp kz`m-h-ap­v Imc-W-¯n-\v. {]Ir-Xn-tb-¡mÄ DbÀ¶ \ne-bn-epÅ Pohmßmhv AXnsâ kzmX{´yw {]tbm-Kn-bv¡p-¶n-sÃ-¦n `qXIm-es¯ BN-c-Whpw hÀ¯-am-\-Im-e]cn-Øn-Xnbpw a\pjy-sâ IÀ½-§Ä¡v XnI¨pw hni-Zo-I-cWam-bn-¯o-cpw. - a\p-jy³ {]Ir-Xn-bpsS shdp-samcp DÂ]-¶-a-Ã. Ah³ Xsâ IÀ½-t¯-¡mÄ _e-hm-\m-Wv. hn[n-bmWv kÀÆ-hpsa-¦n ]ns¶ kzX{´yw kw`m-hy-aÃ. a\p-jy-Po-hnXw tIhew bm{´n-I-_Ô§-fpsS {]hÀ¯-\aÃ. AXn - - thsd thsdbmbn ]e \ne-Ifp-ap­v þ ss\kÀ¤n-I-Z-i, {]mWm-[m-c-\n-e, Pm{K-Z-hØ, _u²n-I-Z-i, [mÀ½n-I-\ne C§s\ Cu Hgp-¡p-IÄ At\y\yw At§m-«p-an-t§m«pw apdn-¨p-I-S-¡ p-Ibpw DÅn-tebv¡ p Xf-ªn-d -§p-I bpw sN¿p¶p. a\p-jysâ \nav\-{]-Ir-Xnsb `cn-bv¡p¶ IÀ½

kn²m-´-¯n\v Ah-\n-epÅ [mÀ½n-I-hihp-ambn bmsXmcn-S-]m-Sp-an-Ã. Pohm-ßm-hnsâ kmc-XXzw kzmX-{´y-am-Wv. AXns\ D]-tbm-Kn¨v a\p-jy\v Xsâ {]mIr-Xn-I-§-fmb at\m-th-K-§sf \ntcm-[n¨p \nb-{´n-bv¡m³ Ign-bpw. AXp-sIm-­p-X-s¶-bmWv Ahsâ PohnXw ss\ÊÀKnIambn \nÀ®-bn-bv¡-s¸« Ah-ØI-fpsS ]c-¼c-bn \n¶v IqSp- X  t{ijvT - a mbn \n¡p- ¶ - X v . apànbv¡mbns¡m­pÅ Ah-sâ FÃm {]hÀ¯- \-§fpw \nXykz-`m-hs¯ B[m-c-am-¡n-s¡m-­m-I-cpXv; ]cn-Øn-Xn-IfpsS BLmXw sIm­p-am-b n-¡ q-S. A´-cm-ßm-hnsâ kzmX{´y t{]cW sIm­p-Xs¶ Bbn-cn-bv¡-Ww.

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IÀ½-¯n\p c­p hi-§-fp­v; H¶p hniz-hym-]n- bmWv; atäXp a\x-imkv-{X-]chpw. Hmtcm IÀ½hpw AXnsâ kzm`m-hn-I-amb ]cn-Wmaw kwkm-c-¯n-tebv¡p \evI-¶p­v. AtX kabw AXv a\pjy a\-Ên Hc-kv]jvS-[mcW ]Xn-¸n-bv¡p¶p; Hcp khn-ti-j-{]-hWXbp-f-hm-¡p- - ¶p. Cu {]h-WX AYhm kwkvImcw AsÃ-¦n hmk\-b mWv \s½ Hcn- ¡  sNbvX {]hr¯n ho­pw BhÀ¯n-bv¡m³ t{]cn-¸n-bv¡p-¶-Xv. A§ns\ t\m¡nbm Cu kwkm-c-¯n Hmtcm {]hr-¯n-bv¡pw AXntâ-Xmb ^e-ap­v; AXv a\-Ên {]`m-hhpw sNep-¯p¶p. BZyw {]kvXm-hn¨ Xc-¯n-epÅ IÀ½-^e-§sf kw_-Ôn-t¨-S-t¯mfw \msa-{X-Xs¶ {ian-¨mepw \ap-¡h-bnÂ\n¶p c£-s¸-«p-\n-ev¡m³ Ign-bn-Ã. F¶m am\kn-I-{]-hWXIsf thW-sa-¦n \ap¡p \nb-{´n-¡m³ - - Ign-bpw. \½psS `mhn-bn-epÅ BN-c-Ws¯ kw_-Ônt¨-St¯mfw FÃm¯cw kw`m-hy-XI-fp-ap-­v. Bß-kwbaw sIm­v \ap¡p ]qWy-amb at\m-hr-¯n-Isf iàns¸-Sp-¯m³ Ignbpw; ZpÀÆn-Im-c-§sf XfÀ¯m\pw Ignbpw. IÀ½-]-²Xn BkvXn-Iy-kn-²m´-t¯mSv s]mcp-¯-s¸Sp-¶n-söp ]e-t¸mgpw ]ecpw hmZn-bv¡m-dp-­v. AJn-e{]-]©-¯nepw A[n-Imcw \S-¯p¶ AÔhpw At_m[-hp-amb Hcp XXz-amWv IÀ½w. AXv Cuiz-csâ \nb{´-W¯n-\p-t]mepw hnt[-b-a-Ã. ss\kÀ¤n-I-amb Hcp \nbaw \S-¸m-¡m³ \ap-s¡mcp \ymbm-[n-]\m-h-iy-an-Ã. ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ bYmÀ°-X-tbmSp s]mcp-¯-s¸Sm¯-Xà IÀ½-XXzw. IÀ½-s¯-¸-än-bpÅ [mÀ½n-I-kn-²m´w ]c{_-Ò-¯nsâ kzcq-]s¯ {]I-S-am-¡- em-Wv. Cu {]{In- bsb \nb-{´n-bv¡p-¶Xv Hcp Znhy-iàn-bm-sW¶p kÂKp-Wkn-²m-´s¯ A\p-k-cn¨v \ap¡p ]d-bm³ Ign-bpw. thZ§-fn Cu \nb-a-kw-ln-Xsb EX-sa¶p ]d-bpw. hcp-W\mWv EX-¯nsâ A[n-]-Xn. tZh-·m-cpsS amä-an-Ãm¯ Imcy-§sf IÀ½w FSp¯p ]d-bp-¶p. CXv bYmÀ°-k¯-bpsS kzcq-]¯nsâ GXn-tâbpw kzÑm-]c-amb CSs]-S Akm-²y-am-¡n-¯oÀ¡p¶p. imkv{Xob \nb-a-§fp-tSbpw {]hr-¯n-I-f-p-tSbpw B[p-\n-I-kn-²m-´hpw CtX \nÀ®-b-¯n-em-sW-¯p-¶-X.v Ah kzѵhpw AØn-c-hpamb ssII-S¯-en-t\mSp hntbm-Pn-bv¡p-¶p. Cuiz-c-k¯sb sXfn-bn¡m³ AÛp-X-Ir-Xy-§Ä Bh-iy-am-sW¦n imkv{X-§Ä Cuiz-cs\ Fs¶-t¶-bv¡p-ambn \in¸n-¨p-I-gn-ªn-cn-¡pw. Pohn-X-¯nepw BNm-c¯ nepw IÀ½-kn-²m-´ -s¯-

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I t¸mse al-Xz-ta-dnb asämcp hnizm-k-{]-am-Wan-Ã. PohnX-¯n \ap-s ¡´p kw`-h n-¨ mepw AXn\v H-Xp§n hg§n hW§n \n¡-Ww. ImcWw Ah \½psS `qXIm-es¯ IÀ½-¯nsâ ^e-am-Wv. C\nbpw `mhn \½psS ssIbv¡p-Ån-emWv; \ap¡v Bi-tbmSpw hnizm-k-t¯mSpw IqSn {]hÀ¯n-bv¡mw. IÀ½w `qX-Im-e-¯n\v Iosgm-Xp§m\pw `mhn-sb-¡p-dn-¨m-in-¡m\pw t{]cW \evIp-¶p. AXv {]]-©-¯nse ]ZmÀ°-§-sfm¶pw AXnse hnP-b]-cm-Pb -§-sfm¶pw Bßm-hnsâ aln-asb kv]Àin-¡p¶nà F¶v a\p-jysc [cn-¸n-¡p¶p. kZm-Nmcw Xs¶bmWv \·. DbÀ¶ ]Z-hntbm sFiz-cytam AÃ; hÀ¤tam -hw-itam AÃ. \à XÃmsX thsd \·-bnÃ.

`mhn PohnXw
]c-temI Pohn-Xs¯-¸än CtX-hsc kpkw-K-X-amb Hcp Ønc kn²m-´hpw D­m-bn-¡-gn-ªn-«n-sÃ-¦nepw CXns\-¸än thZ-Im-e-t¯bpw {_mÒW-Im-e-t¯bpw hnNm-c§Ä D]-\n-j¯p-Ifn Ipsd-¡qSn hnI-kn-¨-Xm-bn-¡mWmw. CXv ]p\ÀÖ· Nn´-bpsS cq]-¯n D]-\n-j¯pI-fn apJy-amb Øm\w ]nSn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. Cu Bibw BZy-a mbn iX]Y {_mÒW¯nemWv ImWp-¶ - X v. AXn ac-W-¯n\p tijw ho­pw ho­pw P\n-bv¡p-I, ho­pw ho­pw acn-bv¡pI F¶o c­-h-ØIÄ {Inbm{]-Xn-{Io-bm-cq-]-¯n-epÅ Hcp k½n-{i-[m-c-Wbmbn {]I-Sam-Ip-¶p. bYmÀ°-Úm\w t\Sn [À½y-IÀ½-§-f-\p-jTnv ¨p-sIm­v PohnXw \bn-¨-hÀ ac-W-tijw Aa-cXzw {]m]nbv ¡m-\mbn ho­pw P\n-bv¡p-¶p. AtX kabw B Úm\w t\SmsX IÀ¯hyIÀ½-§ sf Ah-K-Wn-¨ psIm­p Ime-bm-]\w sNbvX-hÀ ho­pw ho­pw P·-saSp¯p arXyp-hn-¶n-c-bmbn `hn-bv¡p-¶p. {_mÒWw ASp ¯ temI-¯nte P\-\-ac-\W-§Ä \S-¡p-¶-Xmbn kzoIcn-bv¡p-¶p-Åp. D]-\n-j-¯p-I-fnemb-t¸mÄ B hnizmkw Cu temI-¯mWv ]p\ÀÖ-·-sa¶ hnizmk {]am-W-ambn amdn. c­-`n-{]m-b-§-fpw. cRvPn-¸n-se-¯n-bn-cn¡p¶p F¶p \ap-¡p ]dbm-\m-hn-Ã. Nne-t¸mÄ c­pw Hcp-an-¨-Xmbn ImWmw. k¡À½-§Ä¡pw ZpjvIÀ½-§Ä¡pw Cc-«^e§Ä A\p-`-h-s¸-Sp-¶p-­v. Hcn-bv¡Â ]c-tem-I¯pw AXnÂ]ns¶ ]\ÀÖ-·-sa-Sp¯v Cu temI¯pw. arX-icocw Zln¨v `kvaam-bn-¡-gn-ªm Pohm-ßmhv DÖz-eamb tPymXnÀ½- b-cq-]- ¯n ]c-tem- I-bm{X XpSÀ¶-tijw DSs\ aq¶p amÀ¤-ambn ]pXn-sbmcp Poh-\n-te¡p aS-§p¶p. {_Ò-t¯mSv GIm-Im-c-am-bn-t¨-cp-I -bmWv Aa-cX z¯nsâ Gähpw DbÀ¶ Ah-Ø. Cu A`n-{]mbw D]-\nj-¯p-I-fn kv]jvS-ambn {]Xn]mZn¨n«p­v. tZh·mÀ ]ctam¶X k¯Ifmbncp¶t¸mÄ AhtcmSp tNcp¶ Xnembncp¶p apàn, Ct¸mÄ {_Òw ]ZmÀ°§fpsS BZnXXzhpw. {]]©-¯nsâ ]c-aamb B[m-c-hp-am-bn. AXp-s Im­p {_Ò-t ¯m-SpÅ tNÀ¨-bmbn imizX PohnXw ]c-tam-¶-X-amb tam£-¯n-se-s´-¦nepw \yq\X h¶v \ap¡v ]X\w `hn-¡p¶ ]£w Ime-¯nsâ A[nIm-c-]-cn-[n-bn-te¡p Xmgm\pw Hc-hØ-bn \n¶v asäm¶n-te-¡mbn XpSsc HmSn-s¡m-­n-cn¡m\pw \mw \nÀº-²cm-Ipw. apàn {]m]nbv¡m¯ Bßmhv P\-\a-c-W-\n-b-a-

§Ä¡p hnt[-b-\mWv; CtX kwkm-c-¯n ho­pw ho­pw P·-sa-Sp¯v Xsâ hn[n \nÀÆ-ln-¡-Ww. bYmÀ°amb Aa-cXzw apàm-ßm-¡Ä¡p-Å-XmWv; _p²-·m-cpsS PohnXw Imem-[o-\-hp-am-W.v ""shfp-¯Xpw Z´-lo-\-hp-amb BÀ¯n-tbmsS hngp-§p¶ Øm\-t¯bv¡v Rms\m-cnbv¡epw t]mIm-Xn-cn-bv¡s«'' Fs¶mcp {]mÀ°\ \mw tIÄ¡m-dp-­v. sNbvX IÀ½-¯nsâ kz`m-h-a-\p-k-cn¨v AXn-s\m¯ Xc-¯n-emWv A\-´c-P·w e`n¡p-I. Pohmßmhv kzbw t{ijvT-Po-hn-X-¯n-te-bv¡p-bÀ¶v F¯p¶ Øm\-¯n\v kzÀ¤-sa¶pw AXp-t]mse Xs¶-¯m³ Xmtgm«v hogp-¶n-S-t¯¡v \c-I-sa¶pw ]d-bp-¶p. Cu kwkm-c-P o-h nXw Bßm-hnsâ bYmÀ° Pohn-X -aÃ; koanX ]ZmÀ°-§Ä \½-tfmSp ]än-¸n-Sn¨p \n¡p-t¶S-t¯mfw Imew \ap¡o kwkm-c-¯nsâ ASn-a¯w t]dn \S-t¡-­n-hcpw. koan-X-t¯m-sSm«n \n¶p-sIm­v \ap-s¡mcn-bv¡epw ]qÀ®s¯ {]m]n-¡m³ Ign-bnÃ; \ma-Xn-s\{X-¯s¶ ASp-s¯-¯n-bn«pw Imcy-an-Ã. ]ptcm-KXn \nc´-c-amb hnIm-k-amWv; AsÃ-¦n kX-Xamb kmao-]yamWv. km´-X-Xz-§sf Xosc AI-än-bm Cuiz-c-t\mssSIyw km[n-bv¡p¶p; ]n¶oSp kwkm-c-¯n-te¡v aS¡-an-Ã. Bßm-hnsâ A\p-im-k-\amWv kkmcw sIm­pt±- in-¨n-«p-Å-Xv.

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Hcp XXz-im-kv{X-¯n\pw AXnsâ `qX-Im-e-N-cn-{X-s¯ XÅn-¡-f-bm-\m-hn-Ã. ]c-tem-I-Po-hn-Xs¯ kw_-Ôn-¨pÅ D]-\ n-j -Õ n-² m-´ -¯ n\v ]c-t em-I -¯ n kÂ-¡ À½ §Ä¡v k½m-\hpw ZpjvIÀ½-§Ä¡v in£bpw hn[nbv¡p¶ {]mNo\ sshZnI kn²m-´-t¯mSpw tbmPn¨p t]mtI-­-Xp-­m-bn-cp-¶p. a\p-jysâ bYm- Øn-Xn-I- kz-`mhw ]pXnb ]p\ÀÖ-· -h m-Z s¯ {]mNo-\-a mb ]c-temI imkv{X-t ¯mSv tbmPn-¸ n¡m³ {ian-¨ p. AXn ba[À½sâ `c-W-¯n-epÅ arXm-ßm-¡-fpsS B\-µ-a-b-temI-s¯-¸-änbpw ZpxJ-]qÀ®-amb AÔImc-t em-I-s¯-¸änbpw hÀ®n-¨n-«p-­m-bn-cp¶p. CXp Imc-W-ambn D]-\n-jÕn-²m-´- ¯n- s¶mcp hnj-aX t\cn-«p. Fs´- ¶m AXn ac-W-tijw aq¶p amÀ¤-§sf kzoI-cnt¡-­-Xp-­m-bn-cp¶p. ""\mw Cu AÀ°s¯ {]Xn-]m-Zn-¡p¶ Hcp BÀjkq-àhpw tI«n-«p-­v. "Rm³ ]nXr-bm-\-amÀ¤w tZh-bm-\amÀ¤w F¶n-§s\ a\p-jyÀ¡v c­p amÀ¤-§Ä tI«n-«p­v. ]nXr-Øm-\¯p \n¡p¶ A´-co-£-¯n-tâbpw amXr-Øm-\¯pÅ ]rYn-hn-bp-tSbpw a[y-¯n-epÅ FÃm PwKa hkvXp-¡fpw KXn-sN-¿p-¶Xv Cu c­p amÀ¤-§-fneq-sS- ¯- s¶-bmWv'' arXm- ßm-hn\v Xm³ `qan- bn sh¨v PohnX-Im-e¯p sNbvX IÀ½-§-fpsS ^e-a\p-`-hn-bv¡m-\mbn D]-\n-j-¯p-IÄ c­p amÀ¤-§sf-¸-än-bmWv ]d-ªn-«p-ÅXv. H¶ns\ tZh-bm\w AYhm AÀ¨n-½mÀ¤w F¶p ]dbp¶p; {]Im-iabamb amÀ¤w F¶À°w. c­m-a-t¯Xv ]nXr-bm\w AYhm [qa-amÀ¤-amWv; AXm-bXv AÔ-Imc amÀ¤w. BZy-t¯Xv Aán, tPymXn-Êv, AlÊv apX-emb hn`n¶ amÀ¤-§-fn-eqsS {_Ò-temIw AYhm kXy-temI-t¯¡v \bn¡p-¶p. B temI-s¯-¯n-bm ]ns¶ aS-¡an-Ã. {_Òm-hns\ ]pWym-ßm-¡-sfÃmw sNs¶-¯p¶, Xsâ cmP-[m-\n-bn D¶-Xknw-lm-k-\¯n-en-cp-¶cpfp¶ hnj-bm-{in-X-k-¯-bmbn ImWp-t¶-S-t¯m-fta tZh-

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I bm-\-amÀ¤-¯n-¶À°-ap-Åp. F¶m Pohm-Xamhpw {_Òv
-hp-ambn XmZmßyw {]m]n-¨p-I-gn-ªm {_Òm-hnsâ knwlm-k\w Cf-Ip-I-bm-bn. tZh-bm\w ]c-ak-¯-bp-ambn sFIyw {]m]n-bv¡m-\pÅ Hcp Nhn-«p-hgn am{X-ambn Ahti-jn-bv¡p-¶p. ]nXr-bm-\-am-Is« [qaw cm{Xn apX-emb hgn-I -f n-e qsS N-{µ- t em- I -¯ n-t e¡p aS-§ n- h -cp-¶ n- à . F¶m ]nXr-bm-\-¯qsS t]mIp-¶-hÀ X§Ä sNbvX ]pWy-IÀ½-§-fpsS kpJ-^- e-§- f-\p- `-hn- ¨p-I- gn-ªm `qanbn-tebv¡p Xs¶ aS-§n-hcp-¶p. hnh-cn¡p-t¼mÄ hfsc hyXym-k-§Ä ImWpw. Iujo-X-In-{_m-ÒW¯n¶-\p-kcn¨v ac-W-tijw FÃmhcpw BZy-ambn t]mIp-¶Xv N{µtem-I-¯n-te-bv¡m-Wv. hfsc Ip-d¨p t]tc AhnsS \n¶p ]nXr-bm-\-amÀ¤-ambn {_Ò-tem-I-¯n-te¡p t]mIp-¶p-Åp. _m¡n-bp- Å-hÀ \m\m-cq-]-§-fmb X§-fpsS IÀ½-§-fpsS ta·bpw Úm\-¯nsâ am{X-bp-a-\p-k-cn¨p a\p-jy³ sXm«p ]pgp hsc-bpÅ hnhn-[-cq-]-§-fmb {]mWn-Po-hn-X§-fn-tebv¡v aS§n hcp-¶p. tZh-bm-\hpw ]nXr-bm-\hpw A\p-{I-a -ambn {]Im-i-tem-I-¯ n\pw AÔ-Im-c-tem-I¯n\pw AYhm AÚm-\-tem-I -¯ n\pw Xpey-am-W v. AXmWv \s½ kwkm-c-¯n _Ôn¨p \nÀ¯p-¶Xv. aq¶m-a-sXmcp amÀ¤-s¯-¸-änbpw ]d-bp-¶p-­v. AXv AÔIm-cm-hr-Xhpw ZpxJ-a-b-hp-amb Hcp temI-¯n-tebv¡v \bnbv¡p-¶p. ""A¶hpw shÅhpw HSp-§nb Id-häv taen s]dm³ tijn-bp-an-Ãm¯ NS¨ ]ip-¡sf Zm\w sN¿p-¶h³ B\-µ- iq-\y- amb temIs¯ {]m]n¡p-¶p.'' ]pgp-¡fpw {]mWn-Ifpw Cg- Pm-Xn-Ifpw Cg-bp- ¶Xpw P´p-¡Ä Pohn¨pw N¯pw Ign-bp-¶-Xp-amb aq¶m-as¯ hgn-bm-Wn-Xv. {_Òt¯mSv XmZmßyw km£m¡-cn¨p Ignª kzX-t{´mßm-hn\v Xsâ apàn-¡mbn asä§pw t]mtI­n hcp-¶nÃ. Ah-s\-hn-s S-bm-bmepw {_Òm-\-µ-a\p-`-hn-bv ¡ p-¶p. ""Ahsâ {]mW-§Ä F§pw t]mIp-¶n-Ã. {_Ò-am-bns¡m­v {_Ò-kz-cq-]-¯n¯s¶ ebn-¡p¶p.'' apàn {]m]n-¨-hÀ acp amÀ¤-¯n-eq-sSbpw t]mIp-¶nÃ. apàn {]m]n-bv¡m³ Ib- dn-t¸m- Ip- ¶- h-cmWv tZh-bm-\-¯qsS bm{X sN¿p-¶Xv. {Ia-¯n-epÅ Btcm-lWw hÀ®n¡-s¸-«n-«pÅ-Xp-sIm­v {Ia-ap-àn-bpsS amÀ¤-sa¶p ]d-bp-¶p. ac-W-t¯m-Sp-I qsS Bßmhpw \in-bv¡ p¶p F¶ `uXn-I-ho-£-Ws¯ D]-\n-j- ¨n-´-I-·mÀ A\p-Iq-en¡p¶n- Ã. AhÀ¡p PohnXw XpSÀ¶p-\n-¡p-sa¶ Dd¨ hnizmk-ap­v. ico-c-\m-i-¯nÂ\n¶pw AXo-Xambn kpc-£n-Xambn \n¡p¶ Ft´m H¶p-s­¶pw A`n-{]m-b-ap-­v. FhnsS t\m¡n-bmepw ]c-kv]c-hn-cp-²§-fmb k¦ev]-§-fmWv ImWp-I. aX-Im-cy-¯n-em-sW-¦n sshZn-Iamb _lp-tZ-hhm-Zhpw bÚ-§fpw D]-\n-j-¯p-I-fnse GtI-iz-c-hm-Zhpw Bßo-bPn-hn-Xhpw Du«n-bp-d¸n-¨-Xmbn ImWmw. kap-Zm-b-X -e¯ n PmXn-t`-Za p­v; AXnsâ ImTn\yw Ipd-bv¡m³ hniz-hym-]-I-amb DZm-c-`m-h-hp-ap-­v. ]c-tem-I -hn-j-b -¯n-em-sW-¦n \c-I- k-¦Â ]-t¯mSp IqSnb ]p\ÀÖ· kn²m-´-ap-­v. F¶m icnsb sXäv AaÀ¯n-¡-fªp. {_mÒ-Wo-b-aXw AXnsâ FÃm Ahyh-Ø-I-tfmSpw ]c-kv]-c-hn-cp-²-§-fmb \nc-h[n k¦Â]-

§-tfmSpw IqSn D]-\n-j¯p-IÄ¡p tijhpw _p²-Im-e¯n\p ap¼p-apÅ CS-¡m-e¯v ]c-a-tIm-Snsb {]m]n-¨n-cp¶p. [mÀ½n-I-ambn hcĨ _m[n¨ Ime-am-bn-cp¶p AXv; A¶p kXyw I«-]n-Sn¨v ]mc-¼-cy-am-bn-¯o-À¶ncp-¶p. kZmNmcw Ièv Zn\-k-cn-bm-bn-t¸m-bn-cp-¶p. PohnXw A\p-jvTm\-]c-¼-cbm-bn. am\-htN-X\sb hnln-Xhy-h-Ø-I-tfmSpw IÀ¯-hy-IÀ½-§ -fp-t Sbpw Ccp-¼p-I q-«n At§m-«p-ant§m«pw Npän-¯n-cn-ªp. A´-co£w {Inbm-I-em-]-§-fm izmk-wap«n GsX-¦n-ep-samcp a{´w sNmÃm-sXtbm NS-§\p-jvSn-¡m-sX-tbm, HcmÄ¡p-W-cmt\m InS-¡-hn«p Fgp-t¶ev¡m-t\m, Ifn-¡mt\m, £ucw sN¿m-t\m, apJw IgpImt\m {]mX Ign-bv¡mt\m \nhr-¯n-bn-Ãm¯ \ne h¶p. £p{Zhpw \njv{]-tbm-P-\-hp-amb Hcp k{¼-Zm-b-¯n \nÊm-c§-fmb anYym-hn-izm-k-§Ä \nd-ªp-In-S-¶n-cp¶ Hcp Ime-L«am-bn-cp¶p AXv. ipjvIhpw lrZ-b-lo-\-hp- amb Hcp ZÀi-\]²-Xn-bp-­m-bn-cp¶p AXn\v; hc-­Xpw - ]nSn-hm-Z-ap-Å-Xp-amb Hcp aX-¯nsâ kaÀ°-\hpw AXn\v e`n-¨p. AXv Ir{Xn-a-Xzhpw AXn-itbm-ànbpw \nd-ªXm-bn-cp-¶p. Npcp¡w hnNm-c-io-e-·m-sct]mepw Xr]vXn-s¸Sp-¯m³ AXn\ Xosc Ign-ªn-cp-¶n-Ã, A[nIw hcp¶ _lp-P-\s¯ ZoÀL-Im-e-t¯¡p Xr-]vXn-s¸-Sp-¯m\pw Ign-ªn-Ã. D]-\n-j¯p-Ifnse GtIizc-hm-Zhpw thZ¯nse _lp-tZ-h-Xm-hm-Z-hpw, D]-\n-j-¯p-Ifnse Bßob-Po-hn-Xhpw sshZn-I-amb bÚ-{I-a-hpw, D]-\n-j-¯pIfnse tam£-þ-kw-km-c-§fpw thK-¯nse bÚ-{I-a-hpw, D]-\n-j-¯nse hniz-hym- ]Xzhpw km[m-c-W-amb PmXn t`Zhpw, Xosc Aim-kv{Xo-b-amb Cu Zz-µ-§Ä¡[n-IImew H¶n¨p tbmPn¨p Ign-bm³ h¿-mXmbn. ]p\À\nÀ½mWw Ime-L-«-¯nsâ AXym-hiy-am-bn-¯o-À-¶p. a\p-jysâ km[m-c-W-Po-hn-X-¯n-te¡v Cd-§n-h-cm³ Ign-bp¶ XXzK-l\hpw IqSp-X [mÀ½n-Ihp-amb Hcp aXamWv B Ime-L«w {]Xo-£n-¨n-cp-¶-Xv. _p²-a-X-¡mcpw ssP\cpw NmÀhmI-·mÀ AYhm `uXn-Ihm-Zn-Ifpw A¶p \S-¸n-encp¶ aX-¯nsâ Ir{Xn-a-kz-`mhw Nq­n-¡m-Wn-¡pIbp­mbn. BZyw ]dª c­p Iq«À Bßm-hnsâ [mÀ½n-Im-hiy-§sf Du¶n-¸-d-ªp-sIm­p aX-¯nsâ ]p\À\nÀ½mW-¯n\p {]b-Xv\n-¨p. AhÀ D]-\n-j Úm-\-¯nsâ kZm-Nm-c-]-c-amb kÀÆ-hym-]n-Xzs¯ \nÀÆ-ln-¡m³ {ian¡p-I-bp-­m-bn. F¶m AtX-k-abw X§Ä {_mÒ-WPm-Xn-bpsS {]mam-Wy-¯n \n¶pw bÚ-]-²Xn-Ifn \n¶pw \S-¸pÅ aX-¯n \n¶pw Xosc _Ô-aäp-t]m-¶Xmbn AhÀ Icp-Xn. `K-hÂKo-Xbpw ]n¶o-Sp-­mb D]\n-j-¯p-Ifpw `qX-Im-es¯ Ah-ew-_n-bv¡m¯ Aimkv{Xo-b-XXz-§sf IqSp-X kwc-£-W-`m-ht¯msS ka\z-bn-¸n-bv¡p-hm³ ]cn-{iaw \S-¯n. D]-\n-j¯p-IÄ¡ptijw ]n¶o-SpÅ Ime-L«¯n \m«n \S-¸p-­m-bn- cp¶ aX-¯n-s¶-Xn-cmbn AXy´w ITn-\-amb bmYm-ØnXnI {]Xn-tj-Z-§Ä cmPy-¯nsâ hnhn-[-`m-K-§-fnepw cq]wsIm­psh¶p hcmw; _p²-aXhpw ssP\-a-Xhpw Ing¡³Zn-¡nepw `K-hÂKoX {]mNo-\-ssh-Zn-I-a-X-¯nsâ tIm«bm-bn-cp¶ ]Sn-ªm-d³ {]tZ-i-¯pw.

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1. D]-\n- j¯v thZ-a-{´-§-fpsS hymJym-\- am-Wv. Cuim-hm-ky-D-]- \n- j¯v ip¢- b-PqÀth-Z-¯nsâ \m¸Xmw A²ym-b-am-Ip-¶p. aäpÅ {][m-\-amb Ztim-]-\n- j-¯p-IÄ Bc-Wy-I-§-fpsStbm {_mÒ-W-§fpsStbm `mK-am-Ip-¶p. thZ-a-{´m-Jym-\-§-fmb D]-\n-j-¯p-IÄ¡p thZm´w F¶ t]cp-Iq-Sn-bp-­v. ]c-{_-Ò¯nsâ kKp-W-\nÀ¤pW kzcq-]-§fmb XXz-§sf D]-\n-j¯n NÀs¨-¿p-¶p. D]-\n-j-¯p-IÄ¡p hn`n¶ k{¼-Zm-b-§-fn-epÅ BNm-cy-·mÀ Ah- cpsS \X-a-\p-k-cn¨pÅ `mjyw cNn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. D]-\n-j¯p-IÄ 108 F®w D­v. Cu 108 D]-\n-j¯n Ztim-]-\n-j¯n-\mWv Gähpw IqSpX {]m[m-\yw. Ah Cuiw, tIXw, ITw, {]iv\w, apÞ-Iw, sFX-tc-bw, OmtµmKyw, _rl-Zm-cWyw Chbm-Ip-¶p. Nne ]Þn-X- ·mÀ tizXm-iz-cw, ssIjo-XIn F¶ c­p D]-\nj-¯p-IÄ¡qSn CtXm-sSm¯p tNÀ¯v ]{´-s­®w Gähpw {][m-\-ambn Icp-Xp-¶p. _m¡n-bpÅ D]-\n-j-¯p-IÄ A]-c-[m-\-am-bn«p BNm-cy·mÀ Icp-Xp-¶p. Ztim-]-\n-j-¯p-IÄ¡p {ioi-¦-c³ XpS-§n-bp-ÅhÀ `mjyw cNn-¨n-«p-­v. D]-\n-j-¯p-IÄ 108þ IqSp-Xembn 144 Ds­¶p ]d-bp-¶-hcpw D­v. AXà 183 BWv F¶ A`n-{]m-b-¡mcpw D­v. F¶m BNm-cy-·mÀ Ch-bvs¡m¶pw `mjy-§Ä \ÂIn-bn-«n-Ã. 2. D]-\n-j-¯nsâ temI-t¯bv¡p R§Ä (BÀ. eoem-tZ-hn) IS-¶p-sN-Ãp-¶Xv Fgp-¯nsâ BZy-Im-e¯mWv. AXm-bXv 19þmw Ime-L-«-¯n- In«m-hp-¶n-S-t¯mfw D]-\n-j¯p-IÄ iJ-cn¨v ]Tn-¨p. {ioi-¦csâ hymJym- t¯msSbpÅ `mjy- §Ä ae- bm- f-¯n In«m- \p- ­v. {io. FÂ. F. chn- hÀ½- sb- t¸m- epÅhcpsS hymJym\w hmbn-¨-t¸mÄ ae-bm-f-¯n asämcp hnhÀ¯-\-¯n\p Øm\- an-sÃ-¶p IcpXn B Nn´ Ahkm-\n-¸n-¨p. R§Ä hm§nb {KÙ§-fn {io. lcn-Ir-jvW-Zmkv tKmb-µ-Im-bpsS hymJym\w hmbn-¨-t¸mÄ AXv Fs¶ BIÀjn-¨p. At±lw efn-X-ambn XXz-Nn-´-IÄ Ah- X- cn-¸n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. At±-l-¯nsâ coXn Ah-ew-_n¨p ""H¼Xv D]-\n-j-¯p-IÄ'' FgpXn hnZymÀ°n-an{Xw _p¡p-Un-t¸mbv¡p sImSp¯p. AXn\p henb klI-c-Whpw e`n-¨p. {]kn-²-s¸-Sp-¯nb DS³Xs¶ AXp hnäp-Xo-cp-Ibpw sNbvXp. D]-\n-j¯nsâ temI¯p CXn\p thdn-s«mcp kzc-ap-­m-bn-cp-¶p. ""H³]Xv D]-\n-j-¯n-''s\-¸än Aev]w-IqSn ]d-bmsX h¿. BÀ. eoem-tZhn Kh¬saâv A²ym-]nI-bm-bn-cp-¶p. A¶v kÀ¡mÀ Poh-\-¡m-c³ ]pkvX-I-sa-gp-X-W-sa-¦n kÀ¡mÀ A\p-hmZw thW-am-bncp- ¶p. kÀ¡m-cn- tebv¡p At]£ Ab-¨p. AXv \nc-kn- ¨- Xp-sIm­v ]pkvX-I-¯n Fsâ t]À am{XamWv h¨n-cp-¶-Xv. Cu \ntj[w kÀ¡m- cn-s\-s¡m­v \nbaw amäm- \pÅ {]t£m-]-W-¯n\p XpS-¡-an- Sp-I-bp­m- bn. "H³]Xp D]-\n-j¯v' kmln-Xy-A-¡m-Z-an¡p hnin-jvS-{K-Ù-ambn ]cn-K-Wn-¡m\mbn Ab-bv¡m³ ]ecpw ]d-ªXpsIm­v Ab-¨p. 600 cq] klm-bhpw 20 {KÙ-§Ä A¡m-Z-an¡p \ÂIm\pw D¯-chmbn. A¶v kmln-Xy-A-¡m-Z-an-bn-ep-­m-bn-cp¶ {io. kpIp-amÀ Ago-t¡mSv Cu {KÙ-¯nsâ t{]c-W-bm ""XXz-akn'' F¶ {KÙw cNn-¡p-I-bp-­m-bn. ae-bmf¯n-epÅ 108 D]-\n-j¯v Xncp-h-\-´-]pcw FUyp-t¡jW ]»n-tj-gknsâ ASp¯p v h¨p. Cu Imew 108 D]-\n-j-¯p-IÄ hnhÀ¯\w sNbvXn-cn-¡p-¶Xv Fkv. BÀ. hn. sslkvIq-fnse lnµn A²ym-]-I\mb ]m¡p-f-§c `mkvI-c³ \mb-cm-bn-cp-¶p. At±-lw-X-s¶ A¨-Sn-¸n¨ {KÙw hn¸-\-bv¡mbn AhnsS G¸n-¨-Xm- bn-cp-¶p. al-¯mb Hcp {ia-^-e-ambncp¶p AXv. ""\ap¡v H¶v t\m¡n-bmtem?'' FUyp-t¡-j³ kt¹-knsâ DS-a-bmb cma-\m-Y³ tNmZn¨p. Rm³ adp-]Sn ]d-ªn-Ã. 108 D]-\n-j¯nsâ kwkvIrX-{KÙw At±lw Fs¶ G¸n-¨p. ho«n sIm­p-h-¶p-h-¨-X-ÃmsX AXnte¡p IS-¶n-Ã. ""kwkvIr-X- en]n ae-bm-f-¯n-se-gp-Xn-bm aXn'' ]eXpw Ihn-X-b-Ã, KZy-ams-W¶mWv AhÀ ]d-ª- Xv. Ipd¨v t\cw-t]m-¡n-\mbn amän-h-¨-Xm-bn-cp-¶p. Imew IS-¶p-t]mbn. `mcy IS-¶p-t]m-bn. FÃmw amdn-a-dn-ªp. Fgp¯p Rm³ \ndp-¯nb a«mbn. ]ns¶ AhÀ XpS-§n-h-¨Xp ]qÀ¯-bm-¡m\pÅ Hcp Nn´-h-¶p. ]eXpw Xnc-sª-Sp-¯v kplr-¯p¡sf G¸n-¨p. {]im´n ]»n-tjgvknsâ DSa {io. them-bp[³ \mb-cmWv Fsâ kplr¯v. ]ca`à³, At±lw Hcp Znhkw Ztim-]-\n-j-¯n-te¡p IS-¶p. AXp-{]-kn-²o-I-cn-¡m³ Bh-iy-s¸-«p. Ah Bß-hnizm-k-t¯msS, kt´m-j-t¯msS \ÂIn. ]ns¶ AXnsâ XpSÀ¨-bmbn 108 XnI-b¡m³ At±lw Bhv iy-s¸-«p. A§s\ Rm³ ho­pw XpSÀs¶gpXn. `K-hmsâ A\p-{K-l-¯n\p {]mÀ°n-¨p-sIm-­v. hn. _me-Ir-jvW³

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1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. Cuim-hm-tkym-]\n-j¯v............................ 33 ItTm-]-\n-j¯v................................................ 39 tIt\m-]-\n-j¯v............................................ 67 apÞtIm]-\n-j¯v...................................... 75 amÞq-tIym-]-\n-j¯v.................................. 91 IuX-Io-{_m-ÒtWm-]-\n-j¯v.................. 95 ssX¯o-co-tbm-]-\n-j¯v............................ 112 tizXm-iz-X-tcm-]\n-j¯v........................... 141 sFX-tc-tbm-]-\n-j¯v................................. 167 {]ivt\m-]-\n-j¯v......................................... 175 Omtµm-tKym-]-\n-j¯v................................. 191 _rl-Zm-cWy-tIm-]\n-j¯v....................... 277 A£yp]-\n-j¯v............................................. 362 Aß]q-tPm-]-\n-j¯v..................................... 366 A[ym-tßm-]-\n-j¯v...................................... 367 AZz-b-Xm-c-tIm- ]\n-j¯v............................... 374 AYÀh-in-tcm-]\n-j¯v................................. 377 Aar-X-\m-t Zm-]\n-j¯v................................... 382 Ah-[q-tXm-]-\n-j¯v...................................... 386 Btßm-]-\n-j¯v............................................. 389 Bß-{]-t_m-t[m-]- \n-j¯v........................... 393 Bß-t_m-t[m-]-\n-j¯v................................ 396 Bcp-Wn-tIm-]-\n-j¯v.................................... 400 EtKz-Zob kckzXyp-]\n-j¯v.................... 402 B{i-tam-]-\n-j¯v.......................................... 408 GIm£-tcm- ]\n-j¯v.................................... 410 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. IT- cp-t{Zm-]-\n-j¯v.......................................... 411 Ien-k´-c-tWm-]-\n-j¯v............................. 115 Imem-án-cp-t{Zm-]-\n-j¯v............................... 416 IpÞn-tIm-]\n-j¯v...................................... 418 IrjvtWm-]-\n-j¯v......................................... 420 ssIh-teym-]\n-j¯v...................................... 423 £pcp-tIm-]\n-j¯v......................................... 426 KW-]-Xyp-]\n-j¯v......................................... 428 Kcp-tUm-]\n-j¯v............................................ 430 KÀt`m-]-\n-j¯v................................................ 433 Kmb{Xo D]-\n-j¯v........................................ 436 Kmb-{Xo-c-l-tkym-]-\n-j¯v.......................... 441 tKm]me-]qÀh-Xm-]n-\yp-]-\n-j¯v............... 444 NXpÀth-tZm-]\n-j¯v..................................... 448 Nm£p-tjm- ]\n-j¯v...................................... 450 Pm_m-e-ZÀi-t\m-]-\n-j¯v........................... 451 Pm_m-eyp-]\n-j¯v......................................... 467 Xpco-bm-Xn-tXm-]- \n-j¯v................................ 469 Xpf-kyp-]-\n-j¯v............................................ 470 {XninJn{_m-Ò-tWm-]-\n-j¯v..................... 472 [ym\-_n-µq-]\n-j¯v...................................... 484 Z£n-Wm-a qÀ¯yp-]-\n-j¯v........................... 493 tZhyp-]-\n-j¯v................................................. 496 Zztbm-]-\n-j¯v................................................. 499 \mZ-_n-µq-]-\n-j¯v.......................................... 500 \mc-Z]-cn-{hm-P-tIm-]\n-j¯v........................ 504 -

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53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 71. 72. 73. 74. 75. 76. 77. 78. 79. 80. \mcm-b-Wm-YÀin-tcm-]\n-j¯v..................... 534 \ncm-e- t¼m-]-\n-j¯v....................................... 536 \nÀhm-tWm-]-\n-j¯v...................................... 539 \oe-cp-t{Zm-]-\n-j¯v........................................ 540 \rknw-l-]qÀh- Xm-]n- \yp-]-\n-j¯v ...................... 543 \rknw-l-jvS -N-t{Im-]-\n-j¯v...................... 553 ]©-{_-tÒm-]-\n-j¯v................................... 554 ss]wK-tem-]-\n-j¯v....................................... 558 ]c-a -lw-tkm-]-\n-j¯v.................................... 566 ]c-a-lw-k]cn-{hm-P-tIm-]\n-j¯v.............. 567 - ]c-{_-tÒm-]-\n-j¯v....................................... 571 ]mip-]X-{_-tÒm-]-\n-j¯v........................... 575 {]W-thm-]-\n-j¯v........................................... 580 {]mWm-án-tlm-t{Xm-]-\n-j¯v..................... 582 _rlvhy-tNm-]-\n-j¯v................................... 585 {_Ò-_nµp]-\n-j¯v...................................... 586 {_Ò-hn-tZym-]- \n-j¯v.................................... 588 {_tÒm-]\n-j¯v............................................. 596 `n£p-tIm-]\n-j¯v......................................... 599 aWvU-e-{_m-Ò-tWm-]-\n-j¯v..................... 600 a{´n-tIm-]-\n-j¯v.......................................... 607 alm-\m-cm-b-tWm-]\n-j¯v........................... 609 alm-hm-tIym-]-\n-j¯v................................... 641 atlm-]-\n-j ¯v................................................. 642 apàn-tIm-]\n-j¯v......................................... 680 apZvK-tem-]-\n-j¯v........................................... 691 ssass{X-b-Wyp-]-\n-j¯v............................. 695 ssat{X-¿p-]\n-j¯v........................................ 705 81. 82. 83. 84. 85. 86. 87. 88. 89. 90. 91. 92. 93. 94. 95. 96. 97. 98. 99.

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bmÚ-hevtIym-]-\n-j¯v............................ 711 tbmK-IpWvUeyp]-\n-j¯v........................... 715 tbmK-Nq-Um-aWn D]-\n-j¯v........................ 727 tbmK-X-tXzm-]-\n- j¯v..................................... 737 tbmK-cm-tPm-]-\n-j¯v..................................... 747 cmt[m-]\n-j¯v................................................. 749 cp{Z-lr-Z-tbm-]-\n- j¯v..................................... 750 cp{Zm£-Pm-_m-tem-]-\n-j¯v........................ 755 cpt{Zm-]- \n-j ¯v................................................. 759 emwKq-tem-]-\n-j ¯v......................................... 760 h{P-kq-Nn-tIm-]-\n-j¯v.................................. 762 ic-t`m- ]-\n-j¯v................................................ 764 imSym-b-\o-tbm-]\n-j¯v............................... 768 imÞnteym-]-\n-j¯v..................................... 773 imco-cn-tIm-]-\n-j¯v....................................... 787 inh-k-¦evt]m-]\n-j¯v................................ 789 ipI- c-l-tkym-]\n-j¯v.................................. 790 {iocm-a-]qÀh-Xm-]n-\yp-]-\n-j¯v................... 795 kt\ym-tkm-]- \n-j¯v..................................... 801

100. kc-kz-Xo-c-l-tkym-]-\n-j¯v....................... 813 101. kmhn-{Xyp-]- \n-j¯v......................................... 819 102. kotXm-]-\n-j¯v............................................... 820 103. kqtcym-]-\n-j¯v.............................................. 824 104. ku`m-Ky-e£vao D]-\n-j¯v........................ 826 105. kvItµm-]\n-j¯v............................................ 831 106. kzkw-th-tZym-]-\n-j¯v.................................. 833 107. kÀh-k-tcm-]-\n-j¯v...................................... 834 108. lwtkm-]-\n-j¯v............................................. 837

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Cuim-hm-tkym-]-\n-j¯v

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Cuim-hm-tkym-]-\n-j¯v ip¢-bP-iqÀthZ ImWz-imJob kwln-X-bpsS \mev]-X m-as¯ A[ym-bam-Ip-¶p. a{´`m-K-¯nsâ Awiw Bb-Xp-sIm­v CXn\p {]tXy-Iamb alXzw Iev]n- ¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. b-P-qÀthZ¯nse BZys¯ ap¸-¯n-H³]Xv A²ym-b-§- fn IÀ½-Im-Þ- s¯- ¸än {]Xn]m-Zn-¡p-¶p. CXv B ImÞ-¯nsâ Ah-km-\- `mKamWv. ChnsS `K-h-XvXzkzcq-]PvRm\Im-Þs¯ \ncq-]Ww sN¿p-¶ p.

]-Xnbpw kÀÆ-i-àn-am\pw kÀÆPvR\pw kÀÆ Ieym-Wkz- cq-]\pw Bb ]c- ta-iz- c-\m hym]vX-am- bn- cn-¡p- ¶p. FÃm¡m-e¯pw At±-l-¯m ]cn-]qÀ®-am-Ip-¶p. (KoX 9-þ4). CXnsâ bmsXmcp `mKhpw At±l¯m cln-X-am-bn-cn- ¡p¶nà (KoX 10-þ39, 42). C§s\ Nn´n¨v B Cuiz-cs\ \nc´cw Xt¶m-Sp-IqSn A[n-h-kn-¸n-¨p-sIm-­v, kÀÆZm At±ls¯ kvacn-¨p-sIm-­v, Cu {]]-©-¯n aa-Xbpw Bkànbpw XyPn¨p IÀ¯-hy-]m-e-\-¯n-\mbn am{Xw hnj-b§sf bYm-hn[n D]-t`mKw sN¿p-hn³, AXm-bXv hniz-cqD]-\n-j-¯p¡fn Gähpw BZy-t¯Xv Cuim-hmky]n-bmb Cuiz-csâ ]qP-bv¡p-th­n am{Xw IÀ½-§sf amWv. Cu D]-\n-j-¯nsâ BZy a{´w ""Cuim-hm-kyw.'' BN-cn-¡p-hn³. hnj-b-§Ä¡-Sn-a-bm-Ip-hm³ a\-Êns\ F¶ hmIyw- sIm­v Bcw-`n-¡p-¶- Xn-\m CXn\v Cu t]cpA\p- h - Z n- ¡ - c p- X v . CXn \n§Ä¡p \nÝ- b - a mbpw ­m-bn. awKfap­m- Ipw. Cu t`mKy hkvXp-¡Ä Bcp-tS-bp- a-Ã. a\pim´n- ] mTw jy³ {`aw aqew Ch-bn aa-Xbpw Bk-ànbpw Is­¯p-¶ p. Ch ]c-ta-i z-c -tâXmIp-¶ p. At±-l -¯ nsâ Hmw ]qÀ®-aZ: ]qÀ®-anZw ]qÀ®-mXv {]k¶X-b¡p-th­n Ch-bpsS D]-tbmKw \S-¡-Ww. CXp v ]qÀ®-apZNytX a\p-jyÀ¡p-th­n thZ-`-K- hmsâ ]hn-t{Xm-]-tZ-i-am-Ip-¶p.

]qÀ®-Êy ]qÀ®-amZmb ]qÀ®tahmhinjytX*!! Hmw im´nx im´nx im´nx

k¨n-Zm-\-µL\ ]c-{_-Ò-]p-cp-tjm-¯-a³ FÃm {]Imc-¯nepw kÀÆZm ]cn-]qÀ®-\m-Ip-¶p. Cu temIw B {_Ò¯m ]cn-]qÀ®-am-Ip-¶p. ]qÀ®-Xbpw A]qÀ®-Xbpw B ]c-{_-Ò¯n \n¶pw DÛ-hn-¨-Xm-W.v ]c-{_-Ò-¯nsâ ]qÀ®-X-sIm­v Cu PK¯p ]qÀ®-am-Wv. ]qÀ®-amb ]c{_-Ò¯nÂ\n¶pw ]qÀ®Xsb amäp-I-bm-sW-¦nÂt¸mepw ]qÀ®Xzw Ah-ti-jn-¡p-¶p.

2. IÀh-t¶-thl IÀ½mWn PnPo-hntj-ÑXw kamx Ghw Xzbn \m\y-tY-tXmkvXn \ IÀ½ en]ytX \tc.
]qÀÆ-a-{´¯n ]d-ªn-cn-¡p-¶-Xp-t]mse PK-¯nsâ GI-am-{Xm-IÀ¯mhpw [À¯mhpw lÀ¯mhpw kÀÆ- i-ànam\pw kÀÆ-a-b-\p-amb ]c-ta-iz-cs\ kvacn-¨p-sIm­v ChsbÃmw At±-l-¯n- tâ-sX¶p IcpXn At±-l¯nsâ ]qPbv¡mbn imkv{X- \n-b-X-amb IÀ¯-hy-IÀ½- §sf BN-cn¨p-sIm­v \qdp-kw-h-Õcw Pohn-¡p-hm-\m-{K-ln-¡p-hn³. Cuhn[w Xsâ PohnXw apgp-h ³ ]c-ta-iz-c-\ p-th­n kaÀ¸Ww sN¿p-hn³. imkvt{Xm-à-amb kzIÀ½-§sf BN-cn-¨p-sIm­p PohnXw Ign-¨p-Iq-«p-¶Xp ]c-ta-iz-csâ ]qP-b¡p-th­n am{X-am-Ip¶p; X\n-¡p-th-­n-b-Ã. t`mKw v t`mKn-¡p-¶- Xn-\m-bn- «-Ã. shdpsX sN¿p- ¶-Xn-\m B IÀ½§Ä¡p \ns¶ _Ô-\-¯n AI-s¸-Sp-¯m³ Ign-bp-¶n-

1. Cuim -hm-ky-anZw kÀÆw -b-XvIn© PKXymw PKXv tX\ Xytà\ `pRvPoYm amKr[: Iky-kznZv[\w. AJne hniz {_lm- a m-Þ - ¯ n ImWp- I bpw
tIÄ¡p-Ibpw sN¿p¶ Ncm-N-c-h-kvXp-¡-sf-Ãmw, Ah-sbÃm-¯ntâbpw kÀÆm-[m-chpw kÀÆ-\n-b-´mhpw kÀÆm-[n-

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I Ã. IÀ½-§Ä A\p-jvTn-¨p-sIm­v Ah-bn apgp-Im-Xn-cn-

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t\-¡m-f-[nIw Xo{h-KXn-tbmSp IqSn-b-h-\t{X. a\-Ênsâ ¡p-¶-Xn\v Cu Hcp amÀ¤-ta-bp-Åq. CXn-\-Xn-cn-à-ambn aäp KXn FhnsS hsc F¯p-¶pthm AXn\pw hfsc A[n-I-abmsXmcp amÀ¤hpw IÀ½- _-Ô- \-§-fn \n¶pw tamN\w Ise At±-l-sa-¯p-¶-hm-\p-Ip-¶p. a\-Ên-\m-Is« Ahn-sSt\Sp-hm-\m-bn-«nà (KoX 2þ50, 51; 5þ10). h-sc-sb-¯p-hm³ Ign-bp-¶n-Ã. At±lw FÃm-än-tâbpw kw_Ôw þ C{]-Imcw IÀ½-_-Ô-§-fnÂ\n¶pw apàn- BZnbpw Úm\-kz-cq-]hpw BIp-¶p. AYhm FÃ-änt\-Sp-¶-Xn-\pÅ amÀ¤w \nÀt±-in-¨n-cn-¡p¶p. C\n CXn\p tâbpw BZn-Im-c -W-\m-b n-c n-¡p-¶ -Xp-s Im­v At±lw hncp-²-amb amÀ¤-§-fn IqSn Ncn-¡p¶ a\p-jy-cpsS Ahsb t\cs¯ Adn-b p-¶ p. F¶m tZh-X- I fpw alÀjn-K-W-§fpw ]qÀ®-ambn At±-ls¯ Adn-bp-¶nà KXnsb hÀ®n-¡p-¶p. (KoX 10-þ2). AXn-Xo{h thK-bp-à-amb _p²n, a\-Êv, 3. Akpcym \ma tX temIm AtÔ\ C{µnb§Ä AYhm hmbp BZn-bmb tZh-X-IÄ AXmXakmhrXmx Xnsâ iàn-¡-\p-k-c-W-ambn ]c-ta-iz-csâ A\p-k-Ôm-\XmwkvtX t{]Xym-`n-K-Ñ´n tb tI ¯n kZm ]mªp- sIm-­n- cn- ¡p- ¶p. F¶m ]c-ta-iz- c³ NmXv alt\m P\mx \nXy\pw AN-e -\p-am-b n-cp-¶p-s Im-­p-X- \s\ Ah-sbsbÃmw IS¶p apt¶m«p s]mbvs¡m-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. Cham\-h-i-cocw aäpÅ FÃm ico-c-§-tfbpw At]-£n¨p bvs¡m¶pw At±-l-¯nsâ ASp-¯p-hsc F¯m³ Ignt{ijvThpw ]ca ZpÀÃ-`hpw BIp-¶p. AXp-t]mse CXv bp- ¶n-Ã. koam-cm-ln- Xy-s¯-¸-än-bpÅ hnhcw koa-bn HXpPohn-IÄ¡p `K-hmsâ {]tXyI Ir]-sIm­v P\-\-a-c-W-cq§n-¡-gn-bp-¶-hÀ F§s\ A\p-am-\n-¡pw. hmbp apX-emb ]-amb kwkm-ckmKc-¯n \o´p-¶-Xn-\mbn In«n-b-Xm-IptZh-Ifn AS-§n-bn-cn-¡p¶ iàn Pe-hÀj-Ww, {]Im¶p. C§s\ icocw e`n- ¨n- «pÅ a\p- jy³ Xsâ IÀ½- §sf iw, {]mWn-{]m-W-k- Ôm-cWw apX-emb IÀ½-§-fn AhÀ Cuiz-c-]q- P-bv¡mbn kaÀ¸n- ¡m-sX, Imat`mK- §- sf-¯s¶ hn\n-tbm-Kn-¡p-¶p. Ah-sbÃmw ANn´y iàn-bmb ]cPohn-X-¯nsâ ]c-a-e£y-sa¶p IcpXn hnj-bm-k-ànta-iz-csâ alm-i-àn-bpsS tIhew Awiw am{X- am-Ip-¶p. bnepw A`n-em-j-§Ä¡p-th-­nbpw Hmtcmtcm hn[-¯n At±-l-¯nsâ kl-tbmKw CsÃ-¦n AhÀs¡m¶pw tIhew hnj-bkp-J-§-fnepw Ah-bpsS btY-jvS-amb sN¿m³ km[y-a-Ã. D]t`mK§fnepw apgp-In-¡-gn-bp-¶ p. C§-s\-bp-Å -hÀ hmkvX-h- ¯n Bßm-hnsâ lXy Xs¶ \S- ¯p-¶p. F´p kw_Ôw þ C\n ]c-ta-iz-csâ ANn´y iàn-tbbpw sIms­-¶m C{]- Imcw ]X- \-¯n- te¡p \o§p- ¶-hÀ X§- hym]-I-X-tbbpw ]än ho­pw hÀ®n-¡p-¶p. fpsS Pohs\ hyÀ°-ambn \in-¸n-¡pI am{X-aà X§sf 5. XtZ-PXn Xss¶-PXn XZvZptc XZz-´n-tI. H¶p-IqSn Bg-¯n IÀ½- _-Ô-§-fn Ipcp-¡p-I-bmWp XZ-´-cky kÀhky XZp kÀh-kymky sN¿p-¶-Xv. Cu Imam-k-à-cm-b-hÀ þ AhÀ Bsc-¦n-ep-am_mlyXx I-s«, AhÀ temI-¯n henb t]cpw biÊpw ssh`hhpw A[n-Im-c-§fpw t\Sn- bn- «p- Å-h-cm-Is« þ ac-Wm- \-´cw ]c-ta-iz-c³ Nen¨pw Nen-¡m-sXbpw Ccn-¡p-¶p. Htc IÀ½- ^- e- am-bpÅ iqI- c, IqI- c, IoS- ]- Xw-KmZn hn`n- ¶- timI Ime-¯n ]c-kv]c hncp- ²-§- fmb `mh-§fpw KpW-§fpw k´m] ]qÀ®-amb Akp-c- tbm-\n-I-fnepw `b-¦c \c-I-§- {Inb-Ifpw At±-l-¯n-eS-§n-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. CXv At±-lfnepw Ae-tb-­- Xmbn hcp¶p (KoX 16-þ16, 19, 20). CXv C{]- ¯nsâ ANn´y iàn-bpsS aln-a-bm- Ip-¶p. aäp Xc-¯n Im- c-apÅ Akpc kz`m- h- t¯m- Sp-Iq-Snb ZpjvS- ·mÀ¡p- th­n ]d-ªm `K-hm³ Xsâ Znhy ]c-a-[m-a-¯nepw eoem-[m-a\nÝ- bn-¡-s¸- «n-«p-ÅXpw `oI-c-amb AÔ- Im-c-¯m BÑm- ¯nepw Xsâ {]nb-s¸« `à-·mÀ¡p kpJw \evIp-¶-XnZn-Xhpw BIp-¶p. a\p-jy³ Xs¶ kzbw D²-cn-¡-Ww, \mbn B {]mIrX kKp-W-km-Im-c-cq-]¯n {]I-S-ambn kz´w ]X\w D­m-¡-cpXv F¶ KoX-bn `K-hm³ CXp- eoe \S-¯p-¶p. CXp `K-hmsâ Ne-\m-h-Ø-bm-Ip-¶p. sIm­p ]d-ªn-cn-¡p¶p (KoX 6þ5). \nÀ¤p-W-cq]w `K-hmsâ AN-em-h-Ø -bm-Ip-¶p. CtX coXnkw_Ôw þ temI-hym-]n-bm-bn-cn-¡p¶ B ]c-ta-iz-cs\ bn¯s¶ `K-hm³ t{]c-ln-X-cmb a\p-jyÀ¡p ZÀi\w kZm kvacn-¨p-sIm­v At±-l-¯nsâ ]qP-b¡mbn¯s¶ \ÂIp-¶n- Ã. AXm-bXv Ahsc kw_- Ôn-¨n-St¯mfw B v FÃm IÀ½-§fpw sN¿-Ww. AsX-§s\? AtX-¸än ]d- ]cm-iàn hf-scb[nIw AI-se-bmbn ØnXn-sN-¿pw. adn¨v, t{]a-¯nsâ hnfn tIÄ¡p¶ kabw t{]an-P-\-§-fpsS bp¶p; ap¶n {]Xy-£-s¸-Sp-¶p. t{]an-P\§sf kw_-Ôn¨p ]c4. At\-P-tZIw a\tkm Photbm ta-iz-c³ kZm-k-a-bhpw \nI-S-hÀ¯n-bmbn ØnXn-sN-¿pss\\-t±hm B]v\p h³ ]qÀh-aÀjXv ¶p. CXp IqSmsX `K-hm³ kZm kÀÆ{X ]cn-]qÀ®-\pw. X²m-h tXm \ym\-tXyXn XnjvT-¯CXp-sIm­v Gähpw AI-sebpw AXp-t]mse Gähpw kvan-¶t]m amX-cnizm Z[m-Xn. ASp¯pw Ahn-Sps¯ km¶n²yw {]I-S-am-Ip-¶p. F´psIm-s­-¶m `K-hmsâ km¶n-²y-an-Ãm¯ Hcn-Sw- t]mepw kÀÆm-´-cym-anbpw kÀÆ iàn-am\pw Bb ]c-ta-izCu PK-¯n Ahtijn-¡p-¶n-Ã. AJn-e-¯nepw A´c³ AN-e\pw GI\pw BIp-¶p. F¶n-cp-¶mepw a\-Ên-

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ta hnh-cn-¨n-«p-Å-Xp-t]mse ]c-ta-iz-cs\ FÃm-hn-[kao-]-¯m-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. F¶m AÚm-\n-I-fm-bn-«p-Å-hÀ ¯nepw ImWp-Ibpw Adn-bp-Ibpw sN¿p¶ alm ]pcpAt±-ls¯ Cu cq]-¯n Xncn-¨-d n-bp-¶n-Ã. Ahsc j³ ip`m-ip` IÀ½-P-\nX {]mIr-X-kq-£va-i-co-c\pw ]©kw_-Ôn- ¨n-S-t¯mfw At±lw hfsc hfsc AI- se-bmbn `u-XnI, AØn, kncm, amwkm-Zn-ab jUvhn-Im-c-bpà ØnXn-s N-¿p¶p (KoX 13-þ15). `K-hm³ Cu ImWp¶ Øqe- tZ- l- c-ln- X\pw On{Z- c-ln- X\pw Znhy- k-¨n- Zm- \- µ-L-\\w kakvX PK-¯n\pw ]c-am-[m-chpw ]ca Ic-W\pw BIp- AXp-t]mse {Im´-ZÀinbpw AJn-e-t¯bpw Xsâ \nb¶p. AXn-\m AI¯pw ]pd¯pw FÃm Øe¯pw ´vdW-¯n shbv¡p¶ kÀÆm-[n-]-Xnbpw kzm`o-jvSAt±lw ]cn-]qÀ®-\m-bn-hÀ¯n-¡p¶p (KoX 7þ7). ¯m {]I-S-am-Ip-¶-h\pw k\m-X-\-Imew apX kI-e-Pokw_Ôw þ C\n ASp¯ c­p a{´-§-fn-embn Cu ]c- h-cm-in-IÄ¡pw-th­n Ah-bpsS IÀ½m\pkc-W -amb {_-Ò]-c-ta-iz-cs\ Adn-bp¶ alm-]p-cp-j-·m-cpsS ØnXn- FÃm hkvXp-¡-tfbpw krjvSn¨p hn`-P\w \S-¯p-¶-h\pw Bb B ]c-{_Ò ]pcp-tjm-¯-a-\mb ]c-ta-iz-cs\ {]m]nsb-¸än hÀ®n-¡p-¶p. ¡p-¶p.

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6. bkvXp kÀhmWn {`Xm-\ymß-t\y-hm-\p-]-iyXn kÀh-`q-tXjp Nmßm\w XtXm \ hnPq-Kp- ] vk-tX.

C{]-Imcw bmsXm-cp-¯³ kIe {]mWn-hÀ¤-t¯bpw kÀÆm-[m-c-am-bn-cn-¡p¶ ]c-{_Ò ]pcp-tjm-¯-a-\nÂ, ]c{_- Ò- ¯n ImWp-Ibpw AXp-t]mse ]c- {_-Òs¯ {]mWn9. AÔw Xa: {]hn-i´n tbhnZym-ap-]m-ktX hÀ¤-¯n ZÀin-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶pthm Ah\v Bsc-sb¦nepw shdp-¡p-hmt\m tZzjn-¡p-hmt\m F§s\ Ignbpw? XtXm `qb Ch tX Xtam b D Ah³ kZm ka-bhpw Xsâ ]c-amß {]`p-hns\ ZÀin-¨phnZymbmw cXm:. sIm­v (KoX 6þ29, 30) a\-¸qÀÆ-ambn AJn-e-t¯bpw {]WbmsXm-cp-h³ t`mK-§-fn Bk-à-\mbn Ah-bpsS an-¡p-I-bpw kI-e-tcbpw tkhn¨ kuJy-ap-­m-¡m³ {]m]vXn-¡pÅ km[-\m-cq-]-amb Ahn-Zysb \m\m-{]-Im-cBin- ¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. apÅ IÀ½-§Ä¡mbn A\p-jvTn-¡p-¶pthm Ah³ B 7. bkvan³ kÀhmWn `qXm-\ym-Xvssa-hm IÀ½-§-fpsS ^e-kz-cq-]-ambn AÚm-\m-Ô-Im-c-¯m -`q-Zzn-Pm-\Xx ]cn-]qÀ®-amb hnhn[ tbm\n-I-tfbpw t`mK-§-tfbpw {]m]n-¡p-¶p. Ah³ a\p-jy-P-·-¯nsâ ]c-a-e-£y-amb X{X tIm tamlx Ix timI {io]-c- ta-iz-cs\ {]m]n-¡msX \nc-´-c-am-bpÅ P\-\-a-c-WGI-Xz-a-\p]iyXx cq-]-am-Ip¶ {]]-©-{]-hm-l-¯nÂs¸«p hnhn-[-§-f mb C{]-Imcw a\p-jy³ ]c-am-ßm-hns\ \¶mbn Xncn-¨n-dnk´m-]-§Ä A\p-`hn¨p Ign-tb-­-Xmbn hcp-¶p. c­m-abp-t¼mÄ, Pohn-I-fn Ah³ ]c-am-ßm-sh¶ GI-am{X Xmbn bmsXm-cp-¯³ A´x-Ic-W-ip-²n¡p th­n-b-ÃmXXzs¯ ZÀin-¡pt¼mÄ, Ah\p kZm-k-a- bhpw ]c-am-ßmsXbpw {kjvSm-sh-¶ pÅ am\yX AwKo-I-cn-¡m-sXbpw hnsâ ZÀi\w e`n-¨ p-s Im-­ n-c n-¡ p- ¶ p. Cu kabw Ahsâ A´x-I-c-W-¯n timI-tam-lm-Zn-hn-Im-c-§Ä¡v IÀ½-§Ä A\p- jvTn- ¡p-Ibpw hnthI sshcm- KymZn Úm\F§s\ Øm\-ap-­m-bn-cn¡pw? timI-tam-lm-Zn-hn-Im-c-§- ¯nsâ {]mY-anI km[-\-I-fn-ÃmsX tkhn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿pfpsS Omb-t]mepw Ahsâ lrZ-ba-WvU-e-¯n Gim- ¶p. F¶m tIhew imkv{X- ]mT§Ä tI«n«v kzbw hnZy¯-hn[w Ah³ B\-µ-a-á-\m-b n-¯o-c p-¶p. a\p-jyÀ bpsS þ Úm\-¯nsâ anYy-tcm]w sNbvXv Úm\m-`n-am-\nAhs\ FÃmw {]hÀ¯n-¡p-¶- h-\mbn ImWm-dp- s­- ¦nepw bm-bn-c n-¡p-Ibpw C§-s\-bpÅ anYym-Úm\n kzbw B ka-b¯pw Ah³ Xsâ \mY-t\mSp IqSn DÃm-k-ambn Úm\n-bmbn `mhn¨v ""R§Ä¡v bmsXmcp IÀ¯-hy-hpanÃ'' F¶p-]-d- ªp-sIm­p IÀ¯-hy-IÀ½-§-sfÃmw XyPn{IoUn-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p¶p (KoX 6þ31). ¡p-Ibpw C{µn-b§Ä¡p hio-`q-X-\mbn imkv{X-hn-[nkw_Ôw þ C\n C{]-Imcw ]c-ta-iz-cs\ XmXzn-I-ambn IÄ¡p hn]-co-X-ambn tXm¶n-b-Xp-t]mse IÀ½-§Ä BNAdn- bp- ¶-Xp- sIm­pw ZÀin- ¡p- ¶- Xp- sIm­pw DÅ ^es¯ cn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. Cu Imc-W-¯m ChÀ kIm-a-`mhnh-cn-¡p-¶p. h-t¯m-Sp-IqSn IÀ½-§Ä A\p-jvTn-¡p¶ hnj-bm-k-à8. k ]cy-Km-Ñ p-{I-a-I m-b-ahvd W-a-kv\m-hncw cmb a\p-jysc At]-£n¨v A[n-I-X-c-amb AÔ-Im-cs¯ ip²- a-]m- ]-h n²w þ ]ip, ]£n, iqI-c-þ-Iq-Ic XpS§n \oN-ar-K-tbm-\n-Isfbpw cuch Ipw`o-]m-ImZn tLmc \cI§tfbpw {]m]nIhnÀa-\ojo ]cn`qx kzbw-`qÀbm-Ym-XYytXmÀYm³ hrZ-[m-Ñm-iz-Xo`y: kam`yx ¡p-¶p.

kw_Ôw þ ASp¯ aq¶p a{´-§-fn-embn hnZy-bp-tSbpw Ahn-Zy-bp-tSbpw XXz-§Ä hnh-cn-¡p-¶p. Cu {]I-c-W¯n ]c- {_-Ò{]m-]vXn-¡pÅ km[-\-bmb Úm\s¯ hnZy F¶ t]cnepw kzÀ¤mZn temI-{]m]vXn AYhm Cu temI-¯nse hnhn[ t`mssK-iz-cy-{]m-]vXn-¡p-th-­n-bpÅ km[m-cW IÀ½s¯ AhnZy F¶ t]cnepw hnfn-¡p-¶p.

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I kw_Ôw þ imkv{X-¯nsâ bYmÀ°-Xm¸cyw a\-Ênem¡n Úm\-t¯bpw IÀ½-t¯bpw A\p-jvTn-¡p-¶-XpsIm-­p-­m-Ip¶ kÀtÆm-¯-a-amb ]cn-Wm-as¯ hÀ®n¡p-¶p.

10. A\y-tZ-hm-l pÀhn-Zy-bm-\y-Zm-lp-c-hn-Zybm CXn ip{ipa [ocmWmw tb \kvXZv hnN-N-£n-tc.
Úm\-¯nsâ bYmÀ° kzcq]w kÀÆ-t{i-jvT-amb ^ew {]Zm\w sN¿p-I- bm- Ip- ¶p.-þ- \n- Xym-\nXy hkvXp-¡-fpsS hnth-Ihpw £W-`w-Kp-chpw hn\mi ioehpw A\n-Xyhpw Bb sFl-eu-In-Ihpw ]c-eu-In-I-hpw- B-b t`mK-h-kvXp¡-tfmSpw Ah-bpsS km[-\-tbmSpw DÅ ]qÀ® hnh-cànbpw kwb-a-]qÀ®-amb ]hn{X Pohn-Xhpw GI-am{X k¨n-Zm-\-µ-L-\-amb ]qÀ® {_Ò-Nn-´- bn AJ-Þ-amb eo\-Xbpw Cu bYmÀ° Úm\-¯nsâ A\p-jvTm\w sIm­p {]m]vX-am-Ip-¶. bYmÀ° Úm\-¯nsâ Cu kÀtÆm-¯-a-amb ^ew Úm\m-`n-am-\-¯n cX-cm-b-bmsXmcp tkzÑm-Nm-cn-IÄ¡p ZpÀ¤-Xn-cq-]-amb ^ew-In-«pt¶m AXnÂ\n¶pw FÃm-¯ -c -¯ nepw hn`n-¶ -a m-b n-c n-¡ pw. CXphn[w kÀtÆm-¯a ^e-Zm- b-I-amb IÀ½-§- fpsS kzcq]w-þ-IÀ½-¯n IÀ¯-mhnsâ A`n-am-\m-`m-hhpw cmKtZzj§-fp-tSbpw A`n-em-j-§-fp-tSbpw A`m-hhpw AXp-t]mse kz´w hÀ®m-{ia ]cn-Øn-Xn-IÄ¡-\p-k-c-Wambn `KhXvtkhm-`m-h-¯n am{Xw {i²-tbm-Sp-tk-h-\-hp-am-Ip-¶p. Ah-bpsS A\p-jTm-\w-sIm­p kakvX ZpÀKp-W-§fpw v Zpcm-Nm-cm-§fpw \ntÈjw \in-¡p-Ibpw lÀj-tim-ImZn kakvX hnIm-c-§-fn \n¶pw cln-X-\mbn km[- I³ arXypam-b- kw-km-c-¯nÂ\n¶pw IS-¶p-t]m-hp-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. kIm-a-`m-h-t¯m-Sp-IqSn \S-¯-s¸-Sp¶ IÀ½-§Ä¡p e`n¡p¶ ]p\ÀÖ-·-cq- ]-amb ^e-t¯-¡mÄ bYmÀ° IÀ½tk- h-\-¯n-\pÅ {]Xn-^ew {ijvThpw at\m-l- c-hp- am-Ip-¶. kw_-Ô w-þ -ap-I-fn ]dª Xc-¯n-epÅ Úm\hpw IÀ½-hpw-þ-c-­n-sâbpw XXz-§sf H¶n¨p \¶mbn {Kln¡p-¶-Xp-sIm-­pÅ ^e-§-fmWv C\n ]d-bp-¶-X.v

hØm ss\jvIÀ½y) XXzw {Kln-¡m-¯Xp ImcWw a\pjy³ Xs¶-¯s¶ Úm\n-bmbpw {]]-©-¯ n-\p-] -cnbmbpw Icp-Xp-¶p. AhÀ X§-sf-¯s¶ ]m]- ]p-Wy-§-fn \nÀt±m-jn-I-sf-t¸mse CjvSm-\p-k-c-W-am-bpÅ IÀ½m-NcW- §-fn hym]r-X-cmbpw IÀ½-§sf `mc-cq-]-ambpw IcpXn Dt]-£n- ¡p-Ibpw Ae-k-X, \n{Z apX-emb {]tZ-i-§-fn ZpÀÃ-`-amb kz´w am\-h-Po-hn-X-¯nse Aaq-ey-k-a-bs¯ \jvS-s¸-Sp-¯n-¡-f-bp-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. Cu c­p-hn-[-amb A\À°-§-fnÂ\n¶pw c£-s]-Sp¶-Xn-\pÅ GtIm-]mbw IÀ½-¯ntâbpw Úm\-¯ntâbpw cl-kys¯ Hcp-t]mse a\-Ên-em¡n Ahsb bYmtbmKyw A\p-jvTn-¡p-I-bm-bn-cp-¶p. bmsXm-cp-¯³ Cu c­n-sâbpw XXz-§sf Htc kabw \¶mbn a\-Ên-em-¡p¶pthm Ah³ Xsâ hÀ®m-{i-a-t¯tbm ]cn-X- Øn-Xn-¡\p-cq-]-amb imkv{X-hn-lnX IÀ½-§-tftbm XyPn-¡p-¶n- Ã. ]Icw Ah-bn IÀ¯m-hnsâ A`n-am-\-t¯mSpw cmK-tZzjmZn ^em-`n-em-jc-ln-X-\m-bn«pw Ahsb bYm-tbmKyw BN-cn-¡p-¶p. CXp-sIm­v Ahsâ Pohn-X-bm{X kpJambn \S-¡p-¶p. Cu `mh-t¯m-Sp-IqSn IÀ½m- \p-jTm\w \Sv ¯p-¶-Xnsâ ]cn-W-X-^-e -ambn Ahsâ A´x-I -cWw kIe ZpÀKp-W-§-fnÂ\n¶pw hnIm-c-§-fnÂ\n¶pw clnX-am-bn«v AXy´w \nÀ½-e-am-bn-¯o-cp-Ibpw `K-hXv Ir]bm Ah³ arXyp-ab kwkm-c-¯nÂ\n¶pw kzm`m-hn-Iambn IS-¶p-t]m-hp-Ibpw sN¿p¶p F¶v a{´§fn ]dªn-«p-­v. Cu IÀ½-km-[-\-tbm-Sp-IqSn hnthI þ sshcmKy-k-¼-¶-ambn \nc-´cw {_Ò-hn-Nmc cq]-amb Úm\m`ymkw A\p-jvTn¨p Ignbp¶Xn-\m {io]-cta-iz-csâ bYmÀ° Úmt\m-Zbw D­m-Ip-Ibpw AXn-thKw ]c-{_Ò-]-c-ta-iz-csâ km£m-Xv¡m-c-ap-­m-hp-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p.

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11. hnZym NmhnZymw N bkvXZv thtZm-`bw kl Ahn-Zybm arXypw XoÀ¯zm hnZy-bm-a r-X-a-iv\p-tX.
IÀ½- ¯ n- t âbpw AIÀ½- ¯ n- t âbpw bYmÀ° clkyw {Kln-¡p-¶-Xn henb henb _p²n-am-·mÀ¡pt]mepw sXäp-]-än-bn-cn-¡p¶p (KoX 4þ16). Cu ImcWw sIm­p-Xs¶ IÀ½-c-l-ky-¯ n A\-`n-Ú-·m-cm-bpÅ Úm\m-`n-am-\n-IÄ IÀ½s¯ {_Ò-Úm-\-¯n¶p _m[I-ambn IW-¡m-¡p-¶p. X·qew X§-fpsS hÀ®m-{i-tamNn-X-amb Ah-iy-IÀ¯-hy-§sf XyPn-¡p-¶p. F¶m C{]-Im-c-apÅ XymKw-s Im­v AhÀ¡p XymK-¯nsâ bYmÀ°-^ew þ IÀ½- _-Ô-§-fnÂ\n¶pw tamN\w e`n¡p-¶nà (KoX 18-þ8). CXp-hn[w Úm\-¯nsâ (A-IÀ½m-

kw_Ôw þ C\n-bpÅ ASp¯ aq¶p a{´-§-fn-embn Akw-`q-Xn-bp-tSbpw kw`q-Xn-bp-tSbpw XXz-§-sf-¸än ]d-bp¶p. Cu {]I-c-W-¯n Akw-`q-Xn-i- _vZ-¯nsâ AÀ°w ]qÀ®-cq-]-¯n k¯-bn-Ãm-¯Xv F¶m-bn-cn-¡pw. C§s\-bpÅ hn\m-i-kz-`m-h-t¯m- Sp-Iq-Snb tZh-IÄ, ]nXr-¡Ä, a\p-jyÀ apX-em-b-h-bpsS tbm\nIfpw Ah-tbm-S-\p-_-Ôn¨pÅ t`mK-km-a-{Kn-Ifpw BIp-¶p. a{´- ¯n Akw-`q-XnbpsS Øm\¯v ""hn\mi'' F¶ hm¡p-]-tbm-Kn-¡p-¶p. kw`q-Xn-i-_vZ-¯n\v C§s\ AÀ°-I-ev]\ sN¿p-¶p. þ bmsXm-¶nsâ k¯ k¼qÀ®-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm AXv k¼qÀ®-P-K-¯nsâ D¸-¯n, ØnXn, kwlmcw Ch sNbvXp-sIm-­n-cn- ¡p¶ Ahn-\m-in- bmb ]c-{_- Ò-]p-cp-tjm¯-a³ (KoX 7þ6; 7) F¶mIp-¶p.

12. AÔw Xa: {]hn-i´n tbkw`q-Xnap-]m-ktX XtXm `qb Ch Xtam b D kw`qXymw cXmx
bmsXm-cp-¯³ hn\mi kz`m-ht¯m-Sp-Iq-Snb kv{Xo, ]p{X³, [\w, am\w, IoÀ¯n, A[n-Imcw apX-embn Cu temI-¯n-sâbpw ]c-tem-I-¯n-sâbpw t`mK-km-a-{Kn-I-fnÂ

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I Bk-à-\m-bn«v Ah-sb-¯s¶ kpJ-tl-Xp-¡-fmbn IcpXp-¶pthm AXp- t]mse Ahsb BÀÖn-¡p- ¶-Xn\pw tkhn¡p-¶-Xn\pw apgp- h³ ka- bhpw hn\n-tbm-Kn-¡p-¶pthm Cu t`mK-hkXp-¡-fpsS {]m]vXn¡pw kwc-£-W-¯n\pw A`n- v hr-²n¡pw th­n tZh-X-Itfbpw ]nXr-¡-tfbpw a\p-jytcbpw D]m-kn-¡p-¶pthm Ah³ kzbw P\\ acW N{I§-fn ]Xn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶Xp ImcWw A`m-h-{K-kXhpw imcov cnI ZrjvSn-bn hn\m-i-I-c-hp-amb Ah-Øn-bn-em-bn-cn-¡pIbpw sN¿p-¶p. Chsb D]m-kn-¡p¶ t`mKm-k-à-cmb a\p-jyÀ Xm´m-§-fpsS D]m-k\m ^e-ambn hn`n¶ tZh-IfpsS temI-¯n hn`n-¶-t`m-Ktbm\nIsf {]m]n-¡p-¶p. CXp-Xs¶ Ah-cpsS AÚm-\-cq-]-am-Ip¶p; tLmcm-Ô- Imc-¯n-te-¡pÅ {]th-i-\-am-Ip¶p (KoX 7þ20, 23). c­m-a-Xmbn bmsXm-cp-¯³ imkv{X-Xm¸- cy- §- tfbpw `K-hmsâ Znhy-Kp-W- §-tfbpw `mh-§-tfbpw XXz-§-tfbpw Ah-bpsS cl-ky-§-tfbpw {Kln-¡mbvI aqew `K-h `P\w sN¿m-sXbpw t`mKm-k-àn-I-fn apgp-Inbpw Ignbp¶XpIm-cWw temI-tk-h-\-¯nepw imkv{X-hn-ln-X- §fmb tZthm-]m-k-\-bnepw {]hr-¯-cm-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. C§-s\bpÅ hnj-bm-k-à-cmb a\p-jyÀ Ir{Xn-a-ambn X§sf Cuiz-tcm-]m-k-I-cmbn hniz-kn-¸n¨v kcf lrZ-b-cmb P\§-sf-s¡m­v X§sf ]qPn-¸n-¡p-¶p. AhÀ anYym-`n-am-\¯m tZh-Isf XpÑ-am¡n ]d-bp-Ibpw imkv{Xm-\p-km-capÅ Ah-iy-IÀ¯-hy-§-fmb tZh-]q-P, Kpcp-]qP apX-embh X§-f psS hmKv Pme-§ -f m ab¡n Ah-c psS lrZb§fn tZthm-]m-k\ apX-em-b-hsb-¸än shdp¸pw hntZz-jhpw krjvSn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. C§-s\-bp-Å-hÀ X§sf-¯s¶ Cuiz-c-Xp-ey-ambn ImWp-Ibpw aäp-Å-h-scs¡m­v AXv AwKo-I-cn-¸n-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXv X¶n-jvS-{]Imcw Zpcm-Nm-c- §-fn apgpIn PohnXw \bn-¡p-¶p. C§s\ Zw`n-I-fmb a\p-jyÀ X§-fpsS ZpjvIÀ½-§-fpsS Xnà^ew A\p-`-hn-¡p-¶-Xn\p _m[y-Ø-cm-bn«v IqIc iqI-cmZn-I-fmb \oN-tbm-\n-I-fnepw cuc-h-Ipw- `o-]m-ImZn tLmc-\c-I-§-fnepw sN¶v Ahn-Sps¯ {Iqc-bm-X-\-IsfÃmw A\p`- hn-t¡-­-Xmbn hcp- ¶p. hn\mi kz`m-hn-I-fmb tZh-X-Isf D]m- kn-¡p- ¶-hsc At]-£n¨v ChÀ¡pÅ in£ AXy´w tLmc kz`m-ht¯m-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-Xm-bn-cn¡pw (KoX 16-þ18, 19). kw_Ôw þ imkv{X-¯nsâ bYmÀ° Xm¸cyw icn¡p a\-Ên-em¡n kw`q-Xn-bp-tSbpw Akw-`q-Xn-bp-tSbpw D]mk\ \S-¯p-¶-Xn-\m kÀtÆm-¯-a-amb ]cn-Wmaw kn²n¡p¶p F¶v ASp-¯-Xn hÀ®n-¡p-¶p.

b-t¯m-Sp-IqSn \nXyhpw \nc-´- chpw Bbn B Znhy- \m-ahpw cq]hpw [mahpw AXp-t]mse {]mIrX KpW- c-ln- Xhpw ZnhyKp-W- a-bhpw Bb k¨n-Zm-\µ kzcq-]s¯ kvacn-¡p-Ibpw {ihn-¡p-Ibpw IoÀ¯\w sN¿p-Ibpw sN¿p-I. C{]-Imcw bYmÀ°-¯n-epÅ D]m-k-\sIm­v D]m-k-I\v AXn-th-K¯n Ahn-\m-in-bmb ]c-{_Ò ]pcp-tjm-¯-as\ {]m]n¡p-hm³ km[n-¡p¶p (KoX 9þ34). Cuiztcm-]m-k-\-bpsS anYym-cq]w [cn¨p \S-¡p-¶-hÀ¡p e`n-¡p¶ ^e-¯n\p hncp-²-ambn Cu bYmÀ° D]m-k-I\p e`n-¡p¶ ^ew Gähpw t{ijvT- am-b-Xm-Ip-¶p. imkv{X- §-fp-tSbpw {io`-Khm- tâbpw BÚm- \p-k-cWw ]nXr- ¡Ä, {_mÒ-W³, amXmhv, ]nXm-hv, BNm-cy³, Úm\n-IÄ XpS-§n-bhÀ¡pÅ tkhm-]q-Pm-Zn-IÄ X§-fpsS IÀ¯-hy-ambn Icp-X p-I. Chsb `K-hmsâ Iev]-\bpw tkh-\hp-ambn Icp-Xp-I. Cu hn[w \njv¡m-a-`m-ht¯mSp IqSn tkhm-]q-Pm-Zn-IÄ A\p-jTn-¡p-¶-h-cpsS A´x-I-cWw ip²-am- bn-¯o-cp-Ibpw v AhÀ¡p `K-hmsâ Ir]bpw {]k-¶-Xbpw e`y-am-hp-Ibpw sN¿pw. X·qew AhÀ arXyp-ab kwkm-c-km-Kcw IS-¶pt]m-hp-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. hn\mi ioe-cmb tZh-IÄ XpS-§nb-hsc kIm-tam-]m-k\ sN¿p-¶-Xn \n¶pw e`y-am-hp¶ ^e-¯nÂ\n¶pw CXp kÀÆYm hncp-²-am-Ip-¶p. kw_Ôw þ kw`q-Xn-bp-tSbpw Akw-`q-Xn-bp-tSbpw XXz§sf H¶mbn {Kln- ¡p-¶-Xp- sIm- ­pÅ ^ew C\n kv]jvTam-¡p-¶p.

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14. kw`qXnw N hn\miw N bkvXZv thtZm-`bw kl hn\m-ti\ arXypw XoÀ¯zm kw`q-Xym-arX-a-iv\p-tX.
bmsXmcp a\p-jy³, ]c-{_-Ò-]p-cp-tjm-¯-a³ \nXy\pw Ahn-\m-inbpw kÀÆ-hym-]nbpw kÀÆ-i-àn-am\pw kÀÆm[m- chpw kÀÆm-[n-]-Xnbpw kÀÆm-ßmhpw kÀÆ-t{i-jT\pw v \nXy \nÀ¤p-W\pw ({]m-Ir-X-Kp-W-c-ln-X³) \nXy kKp-W\pw (kz-cq-] -`qX Znhy-I -eym-W -Kp-W -K -W -h n-` q-j n-X ³) BIp¶p F¶p a\-Ên-em-¡p-¶p-thm, AtXm-Sp-IqSn tZhIÄ, ]nXr-¡Ä, a\p-jyÀ XpS§n F{Xtbm tbm\n-Ifpw t`mK hkvXp-¡fpw Dt­m Ah- sbÃmw hn\m-i-kz-`m-h-t¯mSp-Iq-Sn-bXpw £W-`w-Kp-c§fpw BsW¶pw P\-\a-cW kz`m-h-t¯mSp IqSn-b-Xp-Im-cWw AXn-ZpxJ Imc-W-§-fmIp¶p F¶p {Kln-¡p-¶p-thm, Ah-bn \nlnXambn-cp¶ k¯m-kv^qÀ¯nbpw iàn- bp- saÃmw `K-h- ±-¯-am-sW¶pw At±-l-¯nsâ PK-¨-{I-¯nsâ kpNm-cp-cq-]-t¯mSp IqSnb Ne-\-¯n\p th­n `K-hXv {]oXn-¡p-th­n Ahsb bYmØm-\-§-fn bYm-tbmKyw `K-hmsâ hm¡p-Ifm-Ip¶ imkv{Xw BÚm-]n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p-thm, B a\p-jy³ sFlnI-]-c-eu-InI tZh-]n-X- cmZn temI§fnse t`mK-kp-J-§-fmk- à - c m- I msX B {K- l - § fpw aa- X - I fpw lrZ- b ¯nÂ\n¶pw \njv¡m-k\w sNbvXp bYm-tbmKyw imkv{Xhn-[n-{]- Imcw tkhm-]q- P-IÄ \S-¯p-¶p. CXp ImcWw Ah-

13. A\y-tZ-hmlp: kw`-hm-Z-\y-Zm-lp-c-kw-`-hmXv CXn ip{ipa [ocmWmw tb \kvXZv hnN-N-£n-tc.
]c-{_Ò ]pcp-tjm-¯-a-` -K-hms\ kÀÆ-i- àn-a m³, kÀÆ-Ú³, kÀÆm-[m-cw, kÀÆ-a-b³, AJne PK-¯nsâbpw krjvSn-Øn-Xn-kw-lm-cIÀ¯m-hv, \nXy³, Ahn\min F¶n-§s\ a\-Ên-em-¡p-Ibpw t{]a-]qÀ®-amb lrZ-

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I cpsS Pohn-X-bm{X kpJ-]qÀÆw \S-¡p-Ibpw B`y-´-c-§-

Cu kqcy-a- WU-e-¯nseX]vX-c- ivan- I-sfbpw AXnsâ D{Kv fmb hnIm-c-§Ä \in¨v A´x-I-cWw ip²-am-hp-Ibpw `K- c-i va n-I-s fbpw X¶n-te¡v Bhm-l n-s ¨m-X p-¡ n-bm-e pw. hÂIr-]-sIm­v AhÀ kzm`m-hn-I-ambn arXyp-ab kwkm- C§s\ Ahn-Sps¯ Znhy kzcq-]-¯nsâ {]Xy-£-ZÀi\w c-km-K-cs¯ IS-¶p-t]m-hp-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. hn\m-i-kz-`m- \ÂI- tW. Ct¸mÄ Rm³ A§- bpsS Ir]m- Xn-tc-Iw-sIm­v hn-Ifmb tZh-Xm-Zn-IÄ¡pÅ \njv¡m-tam-]m-k-\-tbm-Sp-Iq- A§-bpsS kuµcy am[p-cy-\n-[nbpw Znhy-]ca Ieym-WSn-bpÅ Ahn-\m-in-bmb ]cm-Xv]-c-{]-`p-hnsâ D]m-k-\- hp-amb k¨n-Zm-\µ kzcq-]s¯ [ym\- Zr- jSn- bn¡qSn ZÀinv sIm­v AhÀ AXn-thKw Aa-c-kz-cq-]-\mb PK-Zo-iz-cs\ ¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p¶p; _p²n-bn IqSn {Kln-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p{]Xy-£- ambn {]m]n-¡p-¶p. ¶p. Imc-Ww, A§v ]ca ]pcp-j\pw Cu kqcy-sâbpw kw_Ôw þ ]c-ta-iz-cs\ D]m-kn-¡p-¶-hÀ¡v Ah-cpsS AJne {_Òm-WvU-¯n-tâbpw Bßm-hm-Ip-¶p. Fsâ A´y-I m-e -¯n ]c-ta-i zc {]m]vX n-¡ mbn F§s\ Bßmhpw CXp-X-s¶- bm-Ip¶p; AXm-bXv Rm\pw AXp-Xs¶. {]mÀ°n-¡-W-sa¶v C\n ]d-bp-¶p.

K

15. lnc-Wva-tb\ ]mt{XW kXy-kym-]n -lnXw apJw XXzw ]qj-¶-]m-hrWp kXy-[À½mb ZrjvS-t b.
`à-·mÀ C§s\ {]mÀ°n-¡Ww: þ AÃtbm `K-hm-t\,
Ahn-Sp¶v AJne {_Òm-WvU-¯n- tâbpw kwc-£- I-\m-Ip¶p. A§-b nÂ\n¶pw FÃmw ]pjvS n {]m]n-¡ p-¶ p. kXyhpw [À½hpw A§-tbm-SpÅ `àn-bm-hp-¶p. Rm³ CXn apgp-In-¡-gn-bp-¶p. AXm-bXv Fsâ ]pjvSn Fsâ at\m-c-Y-]qÀ¯n, Ahn-Sp¶p sNbvXp-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶-Xm-Ip¶p. k¨n-Zm-\µ kzcq] {]Im-i-a-b-amb kqcy-a-WU-e-¯nv \p-Xpeyw an¶n-¯n-f-§n-s¡m-­n-cn-¡p¶ tPymXnÀab bh\n-Ibm Ahn-Sps¯ apJw Bhr-X-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. Rm³ Ahn-Sps¯ Bh-c-W-c-ln-X-\mbn ZÀin-¡m-\m-{K-ln-¡p-¶p. AXm-bXv A§-bpsS k¶n- [m- \-¯n h¶v A§sb \ncmh-c-W-\mbn ZÀi\w \S-¯p-¶-Xn\p XS-Ê-§-fm-bn-«pÅ kIe Bh-c-W-§-tfbpw F\n-¡p-th­n amän-¯-tc-W-ta. A§-bpsS k¨n- Zm-\µ kzcq-]s¯ {]I-S-am- ¡n-¯-tc-W-ta.

kw_Ôw þ [ym\-amÀ¤-¯n¡qSn `K-hmsâ kzcq-]ZÀi\w \S-¯n-bn«v km[-I³ `K-hmsâ km£m k¶n[m-\¯ n F¯p-¶-X n-\p-th­n sh¼ÂsIm-Åp-Ibpw icocw XyPn-¡p¶ kabw Øqe-kq-£va-i-co-c-§-fpsS hnL-S-\-sb-¸än Nn´n-¨p-sIm­p `K-hm-t\m-Sp-IqSn {]mÀ°n¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p.

17. hmbp-c-\n-e-a-ar-X-a-tYZw `kvam´w icocw Hmw {ItXm kvac IrXw kvac {ItXm kvac IrXw kvac.
]c-a-[m-a-¯n-te-¡pÅ bm{Xn-I\mb km[-I³ Xsâ {]mtW-{µn-b -§ -s fbpw ico-c -s ¯bpw X¶nÂ\n¶pw kÀÆYm `n¶-am-bn-¡-cpXn Ah-sbÃmw AXm-XpIfpsS D]mZm-\-X-Xz-§-fn-te¡v Ft¶-¡p-ambn hne-bn-¸n-¡p-¶-Xn\pw Øqe-kq-£va-i-co-cs¯ ]qÀ®-ambpw hnL-S n-¸n-¡p-¶Xn\pw B{K-ln-¡p-¶p. AXp-sIm­v C§s\ ]d-bm-dp­v; {]mWmZn ka-jvSn-hmbp BZn-bn ebn-¡-s«, Øqe-i-cocw I¯n Nm¼-em-I-s«. ]ns¶ Ah³ Xsâ Bcm-[y-tZ-h-Xbmb ]c- {_-Ò- ]p-cp-tjm-¯-a- \mb `K-hm-t\mSp {]mÀ°n- ¡p¶p. AÃtbm bÚ-a-b\mb alm hnjvtWm, k¨n-Zm-\µ hnÚm-\-kz-cq-]-\mb ]c-ta-iz-cm, Ahn-Sp¶v kz´w P\amb Ft¶bpw Fsâ IÀ½-§-tf-bpw-]än Nn´n-t¡-W-ta. A§v kzm`m-hn-Iambn Ft¶bpw F¶m D­m-¡-s¸-«n«pÅ `àn-kz-cq-]-Im-cy-§-tfbpw kvacn-t¡-W-ta. `K-hm-t\, A§v Ft¶bpw Fsâ IÀ½-§-tfbpw kvacn-t¡-W-ta. A´y-Im-e¯n Rm³ A§-bpsS kvarXn-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bncn-¡p-sa-¦n XoÀ¨-bmbpw AXn-thKw F\n¡v A§-bpsS k¶n-[m-\-¯n F¯p-hm³ Ign-bpw. kw_Ôw þ C§s\ Xsâ Bcm-[-\m-aqÀ¯n-bmb ]c{_Ò ]pcp-tjm-¯-a-\mb `K-hm-t\mSp {]mÀ°n-¨n«v km[I³ ]c-a-[m-a-¯n-te¡p t]mIp¶ kabw B amÀ¤-¯nepÅ Aán-tZ-h-t\mSp {]mÀ°n-¡p-¶p.

16. ]pj-t¶-IÀtj ba kqcy {]mPm-]Xy hyql civao³ kaql tXtPm bt¯ cq]w Ieym-W-Xaw Xt¯ ]iyman tbmkmhku ]pcpjx tkmla-k van.
`K-hm-t\, Ahn-Sp¶v Ahn-Sps¯ kzm`m-hn-Iamb Ir]sIm­p `à-·m-cpsS `àn-km-[-\-§-fn XpjvSn {]Zm\w sNbvXp Ahsc t]mjn-¸n-¡p-¶-h-\m-Ip-¶ p. Ahn-Sp¶p kakvX Úm\n-I-fnepw A{K-KWy\pw ]ca Úm\-kz-cq]\pw kz´w `à-·mÀ¡p Xsâ kzcq-]-¯nsâ bYmÀ°Úm\w {]Zm\w sN¿p- ¶-hcpw BIp¶p (KoX 10-þ11). AhnSp¶v AJn-e-t¯bpw bYm-tbmKyw krjvSn- ¨v, \nb{´n-¨v, kwc-£ n¨p sIm­n-cn-¡p-¶-h-\m-Ip-¶p. `à-·m-cp-tSbpw Úm\n-I-fp-tSbpw ]c-a-amb e£yw Ahn-Sp-¶m-Ip-¶p. Ahn-tÚ-b-\m-bn-cp-¶n«pw Xsâ `à-hm-Õ-ey-kz-`mhw tlXp-hmbn `àn-amÀ¤-¯n¡qSn `à-·mÀ¡v Ahn-Sp-¶pXs¶ shfn-s¸- Sp- ¯n-s¡m-Sp- ¯p- sIm-­n-cn- ¡p- ¶p. Ahn- Sp¶v {]Pm-]-Xn-IÄ¡p hfsc {]nb-s¸-«-h\m-Ip-¶p. tl {]t`m, -

18. AKvt\ \b kp]Ym cmtb Akvam³ hnizm\n tZh hbp-\m\n hnZzm³ bptbm-[y-k va-Öp-lp-cm-W -tat\m `qbnjvTmw tX \a Dànw hnt[m.

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AÃtbm AKv\n-`-K-hm-t\, Rm\n-t¸mÄ Fsâ ]c-a-{]`p-hmb `K-hmsâ k¶n-[m-\-¯ n-se-¯n-t¨À¶n-cn-¡p- ¶p. FÃm-¡m-ehpw Cu `K-hXv k¶n-[n-bn hkn-¡p-hm³ B{K-ln-¡p-¶p. A§v AXn-thKw Xs¶ Fs¶ ]c-a-kp-µchpw awK-ea-b-hp-amb D¯-cm-b\ amÀ¤-¯n¡qSn `Khmsâ ]c-a-[m-a-¯n F¯n-¨m-epw. A§v Fsâ IÀ½§sf Adn- bp-¶- h-\m- Ip-¶p. Rm³ Bbp-jv¡mew apgp-h³ `K-hÂ`-àn-bn Ign-ªp-Iq-Sn. `K-hmsâ Ir]-bm Cu ka-b¯pw [ym\-t\-{X-¯m B Znhy-kz-cq-]s¯ ZÀin¡p-I bpw B ]hn-{X-\ maw D¨-c n-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶ p. F¶mepw Cu amÀ¤-¯n Fs´-¦nepw hnLv\§-fmb IÀ½- §Ä Ftâ-Xm-bn-«-h-ti-jn-¡p-¶p-s­-¦n A§p Ir]-tbmsS \in-¸n-t¡-W-ta.

CXn ]d-bs¸Sp-¶p. -

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]Xn-t\-gv, ]Xn-s\«v a{´- §Ä A´y-Im-e-Kp-W-¯n\v D]I-cn-¡p-¶-Xm-Ip-¶p. Cu a{´-a-\p-k-cn¨v A´y-Im-e¯p {]mÀ°\ \S-¯p¶ a\p-jyÀ¡p apàn-bp-­m-hpw. AXn\m Ch-bpsS `mhmÀ°w H¶p-IqSn sImSp-¡p-¶p. 17. tl ]c-am-ßm-th, Fsâ Cu C{µn- bw, {]mW³ XpS-§nb AXm-Xp-I-fpsS Imc-W-þ-X- Xz-§-fn eo\-ambn¯ocp-Ibpw Fsâ Øqe-i-cocw `kva-am-bn-¯o-cp-Ibpw sN¿-s«. CXp kw_-Ôn¨v Fsâ a\-Ên Aev]-am-{X-amb Bk-ànt]mepw D­m- I- cp-tX. tl bÚ- a-b-\mb hnjvtWm, A§p Zb-hp-­mbn Ft¶bpw Fsâ IÀ½-§-tfbpw kvacn-¡tW. Ahn-Sps¯ kvacn-¡p-¶-Xn-\m Rm\pw Fsâ IÀ½§fpw ]hn-{X-am-bn-¯o-cpw. Rm³ \nÝ-b-ambpw AhnSps¯ ]mZ-tkh sN¿m³ F¯n-t¨-cpw. 18. tl Aán-kz-cq-]-\mb ]c-ta-iz-cm, Ahn-Sp¶v Fsâ [\am-Ip¶p þ kÀÆ-kz-am-Ip-¶p. AXx Ahn-Sps¯ {]m]n-¡m\mbn Ahn-Sp¶v Fs¶ D¯- a-amÀ¤§fn kz´w Nc-Wk-ao]w F¯n-¡-tW. Fsâ F{X-sb{X ip`m-ip-IÀ½- M§-fp­v; Ahbv¡v Ahn-Sps¯ ad-bv¡m-\m-hnÃ; Ahn-Sp¶v FÃm-a-dn-bp-¶-h\m-Ip¶p; Rm³ Cu IÀ½-§-fpsS _e¯n Ahn-Sps¯ {]m]n-¡m³ Ign-bp-¶-h-\-Ã. kzbw Zbhp-tXm¶n Ahn-Sp¶v Fs¶ Ahn-Sp-t¯-Xm-t¡-W-ta. AhnSps¯ {]m]vXn-¡mbn bmsXmcp ]m]w {]Xn-_-Ô-am-bn-cn¡pt¶m AXns\ Ahn-Sps¶ AIäp¶-Xn-\mbn Rm³ ho­pw ho­pw Ahn-Sps¯ \a-kv¡-cn-¡p-¶p.

im´n- ] mTw
Hmw ]qÀ®-aZx ]qÀ®-anZw ]qÀ®mXv ]qÀ®-ap- Z-NytX ]qÀ®ky ]qÀ®-am-Zmb ]qÀ®-ta-hm-h -i n-jy-t X. Hmw im´nx im´nx Hmw im´nx
CXnsâ hymJym\w BZyw sImSp-¯n-«p-Å-Xm-Ip-¶p.

{i²n- ¡pI:þ CXnse ]Xn- \©pw ]Xn-\mdpw a{´- §Ä IqSpX {i²mÀl-§-fm-sW¶p alm-]-WUn-X-·mÀ ]d-ªn-«pv ­v. FÃm-hcpw `K-h-±Ài-\-¯n-\mbn {]mÀ°n-¡Ww F¶v

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1

ItTm-]-\n-j¯v
Hmw im´nx im´nx im´nx

3

D]-\n-j-¯p-¡-fn hfsc {]kn-²n-tb-dn-b-XmWv ITnt\m- ]-\n- j- ¯v. CXv IrjvW-b-PpÀth- Z-¯nsâ IT- im-J- bpsS A´À`m-K-am-Ip-¶p. CXn \Nn-tI-X-Ên-tâbpw ba-tâbpw kwhm-Z-cq-]-¯n ]c-am-ß m-hnsâ cl-ky-a-bX-X zs¯ hfsc D]-tbm-K-{]-Z-ambpw hni-Z-ambpw hÀ®n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. CXn c­- ²ym-b-§fpw Hmtcm A²ym-b-¯nepw ap½q¶p hÃn-I- fp-a p-­v .

im´n- ] mTw
Hmw kl \mh-h-Xp. kl \u `q\-àp. kl hocyw Ic-hm-h-ssl. tXPkzn \mh-[o-X-a-kvXp. am hnZzn-jm-l-ssh.

AÃtbm ]c- am-ßm- th, A§v R§Ä Kpcp- in-jy- ·mÀ¡v FÃm {]Im-c-¯n-ep-apÅ c£ sN¿-tW. R§Ä c­p-t]tcbpw Ahn-Sp¶p kap-Nn-X-amb coXn-bn ]cn-]m-e\w sNt¿-W-ta. R§Ä c­p-t]cpw A§-bnÂ\n¶pw IqsS¡qsS FÃm {]Im- c-§-fnepw _ew {]m]n-t¡-W-ta. R§Ä c­p-t]cpw IqSn A²y-b\w \S-¯p¶ hnZy tXPx-]qÀ®am- bn-¯o- c-tW. Hcn-¡epw BcnÂ\n¶pw hnZy-bn R§Ä ]cm-Pn-X-cmbn¯ocm-sX-bn-cn-t¡-W-ta. R§-Ä c­p-t]cpw PohnXw apgp-h³ ]c-kv]cw kvt\l-kq-{X-§-fm _ÔnX-cm-bn-cn-t¡-W-ta. R§-fpS DÅn Hcn-¡epw ]c-kv]c-

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I tZzjw D­m-Im-Xn-cn-t¡-W-ta. tl ]c-am-ß³! {Xn]m-Z§Ä¡p \nhr¯n D­m-¡-tW.

]nXmhv F§-s\-bpÅ tKm¡-sf-bmWp Z£n- W-bmbn sImSp-¡p-¶Xv? Ct¸mÄ Chbv¡p I\nªp shÅw IpSn¡p- ¶- Xn-\pÅ iàntbm ]pÃp Nh¨p Xn¶p- ¶- Xn\pÅ ]ÃpItfm CÃ-sÃm. Ch-bpsS kvX\-§-fn ]mensâ Awiw{KÙm-cw- `¯n ]c-am-ßm-hns\ kvacn-¡p-¶Xv AXy t]mepw Ah-ti-jn-¨n-«n-Ã-tÃm. F´n-\n-[nIw ]d-bp-¶p. Ch´w awK-f-I-c-am-Ip-¶p. AXn-\m ChnsS kÀÆ {]Y-a-ambn bpsS C{µn-b - § Ät]mepw \ntÝ-j vS - a m-b n-c n-¡ p-¶ p. Chbv¡v KÀ`-[m-c-W-ti-jn-t]mepw H«p-an-Ã-sÃm. sImÅmw, HmwIm-tcm-¨m-c-W-t¯m-Sp-IqSn D]-\n-j-¯m-cw-`n¡p-¶p. C{]-Imcw \ncÀ°-Ihpw ac-W-t¯m-S-Sp-¯n-cn-¡p-¶-Xp-amb bmsXm-cp- Imew `mc- X-hÀj-¯nsâ ]hn- {Xm- Imiw bÚtKm¡Ä Ahsb sIm­p-t]m-Ip¶ {_mÒ-W-cpsS hoSp-I[q-a-§-fmepw Ah-bpsS ]hn-{X-ku-c-`y-¯mepw ]cn-]qÀ®fn ZpxJ- a-ÃmsX asä´p kw`m-h\ sN¿pw? \ap¡p kz´am-bn-cp-¶pthm XymK-aqÀ¯n-Ifmb Ejn-ap-\n-am-cm ]mSambn kpJw e`n-¡p-¶Xpw em`-Ic-am-bXpw {]nb-s¸-«Xpw s¸« thZ-a-{´-§-fpsS Znhy-[z-\n-Ifm FÃm Zn¡p-Ifpw Bb hkvXp-¡sf thWw Zm\w sN¿p-hm³. AXp-t]mse apJ-cn- X-am- bn-cp-¶pthm B Ime- ¯p-­mb {]kn-²- amb Hcp Zm\w BÀ¡p \ÂI-s¸-Sp-¶pthm AhÀ¡pw em`hpw KpWCXn-lm-k-am-Wn-Xv. KuXa hwio-b-\mb hmP-{i-hm-ß- P-aI-chpw {]nb-s¸-«-Xp-am-bn-cn-¡-Ww. ZpxJ-Zm-bnbpw D]-tbmlÀjn Acp-Wsâ ]p{X³ AsÃ-¦n A¶-Zm-\w-sIm­p K-iq-\y-hp-amb hkvXp-¡Ä Zm\w sN¿p-¶Xv Zm\-¯nsâ alm-IoÀ¯n k¼m-Zn¨ (hm-P-þ-A-¶w. {ih-þ- A-Xnsâ Zm\t]cn \S-¯-s¸-Sp¶ h©-\-bm-Ip-¶p. AXp kzoI-cn-¡p¯m k¼m-Zn¨ bi-Ê) alÀjn-bmb Acp-Wsâ ]p{Xv ¶-h-tcbpw h©n-¡p-I-bmWp sN¿p-¶ -Xv. C{]-Im-c-apÅ \mb D±m-eI alÀjn ^em-`n-em-j-t¯m-Sp-IqSn "hnizPvXv' Zm\w-sIm­v ZmXm-hn\p kpJw teiwt]m-ep-an-Ãm¯ \oNF¶p-t]-cpÅ Hcp alm-bÚw \S-¯n. Cu bÚ-¯n tbm-\n-Ifpw \c-ImZn temI-§-fp-a-ÃmsX asäm¶pw e`n-¡pXsâ kÀÆ-kzhpw At±-l-¯n\p Zm\w sNt¿-­-Xmbn ¶n-Ã. ]nXmhv Cu Zm\w-sIm­v F´p-kpJw k¼m-Zn¡pw? h¶p. AXn-\m D±m-eI³ Xsâ kÀÆ k¼¯pw EXznChÀ kÀÆ-kz-Zm-\-cq-]n-bmb bÚw \S-¯n-bn«pw D]-Im¡p-IÄ¡pw kZ-kyÀ¡pw Z£n-W-bmbn \evIn. D±m-e-I\ c-{]-Z-§-fmb tKm¡sf F\n-¡p-th­n kq£n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. \Nn-tI-XÊv F¶ t]cn {]kn-²-\mb Hcp ]p{X-\p-­m-bnAXv XnI¨pw sXäp-X-s¶- bm-W-sÃm. Rm\m-WsÃm At±-lcp-¶p. ¯nsâ kÀÆ-kz-hpw. Fs¶ Zm\-am-bn-«-t±lw sImSp-¯p2. Xwl Ipamcw k´w Z£n-Wmkp an-Ã. F¶m Rm³ At±-l-¯nsâ ]p{X-\m-W.v AXp-sIm\ob-am-\ pkp ­p-Xs¶ Rm³ ]nXm-hns\ Cu A\n-jvS-Im-cn-bmb ]cn{i²mhnth-i. tkma\y-X . Wm-a-¯nÂ\n¶pw c£n-¡p-¶-Xn\p kzbw _en-bÀ¸n-¡pw. Fsâ ISa CXp-X- s¶- bm-Ip-¶p. B Ime¯p {][m-\-[-\-ambn IW-¡m-¡n-bn-cp-¶Xp tKm[-\am-bn-cp-¶p. D±m-e-I\v AXp [mcm-f-ap-­m-bn-cp-¶p. 4. k tlmhmN ]nXcw XX Ikvssa amw tlmXm- hv, A[z- cyp, {_Òm- hv, DZvKm- Xmhv ChÀ \mepw {][m\ Zmky-k o-Xn. EXzn-¡p-I-fm-bn-cp-¶p. ChÀ¡v Gähpw IqSp-X tKm¡sf ZznXobw XrXobw Xw tlmhmN arXyth Z£n- W-bmbn \ÂI-W-sa-¶-Xm-bn-cp¶p A¶s¯ Xocp-amXzm ZZm-ao-Xn. \w. {]im-kvXm, {]Xn-{]- Ø-Xm, {_Ò-Wm-Ñw- kn, {]kvtXmXm C{]-Imcw \nÝ-bn-¨p-sIm­v Ah³ ]nXm-hn-t\mSp Cu \mev A{]-[m\ EXzn-¡p-IÄ¡v {][m-\n-IÄ¡p sImSp¯-Xnsâ ]Ip-Xn-ho-Xhpw AÑm-hm-I, t\jvSm, Aáo-[vd, ]dªp þ ""]nXmth! Rm\tà A§-bpsS [\w, A§v {]Xn-lÀ¯m þ Cu \mev A{]-[m-\n-IÄ¡v apJy-·mÀ¡p- Fs¶ BÀ¡p sImSp-¡p¶p?'' ]nXmhv bmsXmcp adp-]sIm-Sp-¯- Xnsâ aq¶n- sem¶pw {Kmh-kvXp-X, t\Xm, tlmXm, Snbpw ]d-ªn-Ã. At¸mÄ \Nn-tI-X-Êv, ho­pw ]dªp þ kp{_-ÒWy Cu \mev A{]-[m-\-·mÀ¡v apJy-·mÀ¡p ""]nXm- th, Fs¶ BÀ¡p-sIm- Sp- ¡p¶p?'' ]n#m- Xhv Cu {]mhsImSp-¯-Xnsâ \men-sem¶p hoXhpw tKm¡sf Z£n- W- iyhpw au\-am-bn-cp-¶-tX-bp-Åq. ]s£ A[À½- `o-cphpw bmbn sImSp-¡-Ww. \nb-a-{]-Imcw ChÀs¡Ãmw Z£nW ]p{X-[À½w Fs´-¶-dn-ªn-cp-¶-h-\p-amb \Nn-tI-X-Ên\v \evIp- ¶- Xn\p tKm¡sf sIm­p-h-¶-t¸mÄ _me- \mb \Nn- H«pw kln-¡ m³ Ign-ª n-à . Ah³ aq¶mw-h -«hpw tI-XÊv Ahsb I­p. Ah-bpsS Zb-\o-b-amb \ne I­- tNmZn¨p þ ""]nXmth! A§v Fs¶ BÀ¡p-sIm-Sp-¡p¶p?'' t¸mįs¶ Ahsâ lrZ-b-¯n `ànbpw BkvXn-Iy- Cu {]mhiyw alÀjn t{Im[m-hn-jvS-\mbn ]dªp þ ""\ns¶ arXyp-hn\p sImSp-¡pw.'' `m-hhpw D­m-bn. Ah³ Nn´n-¡p-hm³ XpS-§n.

A²ymbw H¶v

3. ]otXm-ZIm PKv[-XrWm ZpKv[-tZmlm \ncn-{µnbm: A\µm \ma tX temIm-kvXm³ k KÑXn XmZ-Z-X v.

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1. Hmw Di³ l ssh hmP-{i-hkx kÀÆ-th-Zkw ZZu Xky l \Nn-tIXm \ma ]p{X Bk.

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I kw_Ôw þ CXp-tI«v \Nn-tI-XÊv am\-kn-I-ambn Nn´n¡p-hm³ XpS§n þ

5. _lq-\m-taan {]Ytam _lq-\m-taan a[y-ax Inw kznZy-aky IÀ¯hyw b·-amZy Icn-jy-Xn.
]p{X-·mcpw injy·mcpw aq¶n-\-¯nÂs¸-Sp¶p; D¯a³, a[y-a³, A[- a³. bmsXm- cp-¯³ Kpcp-hn-tâtbm ]nXmhn- tâtbm at\m-cYw Adnªv Ah-cpsS \nÀt±iw IqSmsX Xs¶ Ah-cpsS at\m-cYw km[n-¨p-sIm-Sp-¡p-¶ pthm Ah³ D¯a hÀ¤- ¯ nÂs¸- S p- ¶ p. BÚ e`n- ¨ Xn\ptijw {]hÀ¯n-¡p-¶-h³ a[y-a-hÀ¤-¯nepw Adnªn«pw \nÀt±- in- ¨n«pw {]hÀ¯n- ¡p- hm³ X¿m-dn-Ãm-¯- h³ A[-a-hÀ¤-¯n-epw-s]-Sp-¶p. Rm³ hf-sc-b-[nIw injy·mcp-Å -X n {]Y-a-t{i-Wn-bnÂs¸-Sp¶p; AtX-c o-Xn-b n {]hÀ¯n-¡ p-¶p. hf-s c-b-[nIw injy-·mÀ a[y-hÀ¤¯nÂs¸Sp¶p; AXn³{]-Im-chpw Rm³ BN-cn-¨p-h-cp-¶p. A[-a-hÀ¤-¯n Rms\m-cn-¡epw s]Sp-¶n-Ã. BÚ e`n¨n«v AX-\p-k-cn¨p Rms\m-cn-¡epw {]hÀ¯n-¡m-Xn-cp-¶n«n-Ã. ]ns¶ ]nXmhv C{]-Imcw Ft¶m-Sp-]-d-bp-hm³ Imc-Wsa´v? Hcp hnh-chpw In«p-¶n-Ã. arXyp-tZ-h\v C¶v Fs¶ Zm\w sNbvXv, F´p {]tbm-P\w D­m-¡p-hm-\mWv ]nXmhm-{K-ln-¡p-¶Xv?

t¡­ Bh-iy-an-Ã. A§v timIs¯ XyPn¨v A§-bpsS kXys¯ ]men-¡p- ¶-Xn\v A\p- h-Zn-¨m- epw. ]p{Xsâ hm¡pIÄ tI«-t¸mÄ D±m-e- I\v AXy´w ZpxJ-ap-­m- bn. F¶m \Nn-tI-X-Ênsâ kXy-]-cm-b-WX I­v At±lw Ahs\ ba-cm-Psâ ASp-¡-te-bv¡-b-¨p. ba-k-Z-\-¯n-se-¯n-bXn\p-ti-jta \Nn-tI-X- Ên\v ba³ Fhn-tStbm t]mbn-cn-¡pI-bm-sW¶p a\-Ên-em-bp-Åq. AXn-\m aq¶p- Zn-hkw hsc \Nn-tI-XÊv A¶hpw Pehpw Ign-¡msX ba-cm-Pm-hns\ {]Xo-£n- ¨n-cp-¶p. ba-cm-P³ aS-§n-h¶-t¸mÄ At±-l¯nsâ ]Xv\n ]dªp þ

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7. sshizm\c: {]hn-i-Xy-Xn-YnÀ {_mÒtWm Krlm³ XsskyXmw im´nw IpÀh´n lc sshh-kz-tXm-Z-Iw.

km£m Aán-X-s¶tbm F¶p tXm¶p-amcp tXPkvkn-\m t{]mÖz- en-X- \mb {_mÒ- W³ AXn-Yn- bpsS cq]¯n Krl¯n Fgp-¶Ånbncn-¡p-¶p. km[p-lr-Z-b\mb Krl-س Xsâ \·-bv¡p-th­n B AXn-Yn-cq-]nbmbn Aánsb im´- am-¡p-¶-Xn\v Ah\p Pew (AÀLy]m-ZymZn) sImSp-¯p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. AXn-\mÂ, AÃtbm kqcy-] p{X A§v B {_mÒW _mesâ ]mZ-§ Ä IgpIp¶Xn\v AXn-thKw Pew sIm­ph-¶m-epw. Fs´¶m AXnYn XpSÀ¨-bmbn aq¶p-Zn-hkw A§sb {]Xokw_Ôw þ Hcp ]t£ ]nXmhv t{Im[m-th-i-¯m ]d£n¨p \ncm-lm-c-\m-bn-¡-gn-bp-¶p. A§v Ahs\ ip{iq-jnªp- t]m-b- Xm-bn- cn-¡mw. Fs´-¦n-ep-am-I-s«. At±-l-¯nsâ ¡p-sa- ¦n Ah³ im´-\m-Ipw. hm¡p ]men-t¡-­n-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. ChnsS ]nXmhv ]Ým-¯]n-¡p-¶ -Xmbpw ImWp-¶p. AXp-sIm­v At±-l s¯ 8. Bim-{]-Xot£ kwKXw kq\rXmw N km´z- \-s¸-Sp-t¯-­- Xm-h-iy-am-W.v C{]-Imcw Nn´n¨v \NnCjvSm]qÀt¯ ]p{X-]-iqwÝ kÀhm³ tI-XÊv GIm-´-X-bn-en-cn-¡p¶ ]nXm-hnsâ kao-]¯pGXZv hrMvtà ]cp-j-kym-ev]-ta-[tkm sN¶v At±-l¯nsâ timI-\n-hr-¯n-¡p-th­n C{]-Im-cbkym-\-iv\³ hk´n {_mlvatWm Krtl. apÅ Bizmk hN-\-§Ä ]dªp þ bmsXm-cp- cp- ¯sâ `h-\- ¯n AXn-Yn-{_-lva-W³ hni6. A\p]iy bYm ]qÀtÆ {]Xn-]iy XYm-]tc t¸m-Sp-Iq-Sn-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm aµ-_p-²n-bmb B a\p-jy³ kky-anh aÀXy: ]NytX kkyAh³ ]qÀ®-am-bm-in-¨n-cn-¡p¶ bmsXm-¶pw-Xs¶ e`y-aman-hm-Pm-btX ]p\: Ip-¶n-Ã. Hcp ]s£ Fs´- ¦nepw In«-I-bm-sW-¦n¯s¶ ]nXmth! \½psS ]nXm-a-l-·m-cmb ]qÀÆ-·m-cpsS BN- AXnÂ\n¶pw bmsXmcp KpWhpw kn²n-¡ p- I -b n-à . c-W-§Ä t\m¡n-bm-epw. A{X-t]m-se-Xs¶ C¡m- e-¯pÅ Ahsâ hm¡p-IfnÂ\n¶pw kuµ-cyhpw kXyhpw am[paäp t{ijvT ]cp-j-·m-cpsS {]hÀ¯-\-§-tfbpw {i²n-¡p- cyhpw AI-¶ p-t ]m-Ip-¶p. AXm-X -b Xv at\m-l camb I. Ah-cpsS Ncn-{X-§-fn ]­pw Ct¸mgpw AkXyw `mjW§-fnÂ\n-¶pÅ kpJ-t]mepw Ah\p e`y-am-Ip-¶nF¶Xv Hcn-¡epw kw`-hn-¨n-t«-bn-Ã. Atbm-Ky-·m-cmb a\p- Ã. Ahsâ bPvR-Zm-\mZn CjvSIÀ½-§fpw InW-dv, Ipfw, jyÀ am{Xta Ak-Xym-N- c- W- §- fn Ign-bp- ¶p- Åq. F¶m [À½- ime apXm-e-b- hbpw Ah-bpsS ^e-§fpw \jvSs¸«pB A[À½-§ÄsIm­v BÀ¡pw AP-c\pw Aa-c\pw t]m-Ip-¶p. AXp-am-{X-aÃ, AXn-Ynsb k¡- cn-¡m-Xn-cn-¡pBIp-hm³ Ign-bp-I-bn-Ã. a\p-jy³ ac-W-kz-`m-h-t¯m-Sp- ¶-Xp-sIm­v Ahsâ ]qÀÆ-]p-Wy-{]m-]vX-§-fmb ]p{XIq-Sn-b-h-\-t{X. a\p-jy³ [ym\-§-sf-t¸mse Pcm-PoÀ®- ·mcpw tKm¡fpw [\hpw \in-¨-t]m-hp-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. ambn \in-¡p-Ibpw [m\y-§-sf-t¸m-se-Xs¶ IÀ½-h-im kw_-Ôw-þ -]-Xv\n-bpsS hm¡p-I tI«-bp-S³Xs¶ [À½]p\ÀÖ·w FSp-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. cm-P³ AXn-thKw \Nn-tI-X-Ênsâ ASp¯p sNÃp-Ibpw kw_Ôw þ Cu A\nXy Pohn-X-¯n-\p-th­n a\p-jy³ AÀLy-]m-Zym-Zn-I-fm bYm-hn[n Ahs\ ]qPn-¡p-Ibpw Hcn- ¡epw IÀ¯-hy-§sf XyPn- ¨n«v anYymN-cWw A\p-jvTn- sNbvXp-sIm­v ]d-ªp-Xp-S-§n.

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9. Xnkvtdm cm{XoÀb-Z-hm-ÕoÀKrtl ta A\-iv\³ {_Ò-¶ -Xn-YnÀ\-aky: \akvtX kvXp{_-Ò³ kzkvXnta kvXp ßmXv {]Xn {Xo³ hcm³ hrWo-jz.

12. kzÀ¤ temI \ `bw InwN-\mkvXn \ X{Xw Xzw \ Pcbm _nt`-Xn. Dt` XoÀ¯zm-i-\m-bm-]n-]mtk timIm-XntKm tamZtX kzÀ¤-tem-tI.

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{_Ò-W- tZh! A§p \akv¡mcmZn k¡m-c-§Ä¡p13. k Xzaánw kzÀ¤y-a-t[yjn artXym tbmKy-\mb Fsâ AXn-Yn-bm-Ip¶p. F¶m km[n-¡p{]{_q ln Xzw {i±-[m-\mb alyw. ¶n-S-t¯mfw A§sb k¡-cn¨p kt´m- jn-¸n-¡p- ¶- Xn\p kzÀ¤-temIm AarXvXzw `P´ Rm\m- in- ¡p- ¶p. Fsâ t\m«-¡p-d- hp- sIm­v aq¶p-Zn-h-k- §GXZv ZznXo-tb\ hrtW htc-W. tfmfw A§v A\-i-\m-\mbn Ign-tb-­n-h¶n-cn-¡p-¶p. `Khmt\, Fsâ sXäp-IÄ £an-¡p¨v F\n¡v awKfcptfkzÀ¤-temIw hfsc kpJ-Ichpw bmsXmcp `b-¸m-SpWta. A§v Hmtcm cm{Xn¡p ]I-c-am-bn«v F¶nÂ\n¶pw I-fn-Ãm-¯-Xp-am-sW¶p Rm\-dn-bp-¶p. kzÀ¤-tem-I-¯n At§-b-¡n-jvS-apÅ aq¶p hc-§Ä tNmZn-¨-epw. Bcpw hr²m-h-Ø -sb {]m]n-¡p-¶n-Ã. aÀ¯y-tem-I-¯n kw_-Ô w-þ -X-t]m-aqÀ¯n-bmb {_Ò-W- _m-esâ A\-i-\- A§-bm Bfp-IÄ acn-¡p-¶-Xp-t]mse Bcpw acn-¡p-¶n¯m `oX-\m-bn«v [À½-PvR-\mb ba-cm-P³ C{]Imcw ]d- Ã, AhnsS ac-W-Im-e-th-Z-\-I-sfm-¶pw-X-s¶-bn-Ã. ChnsS ª-t¸mÄ Xsâ ]nXm-hn\v awK-f-ap-­m-I- W-sa-¶pÅ Bi- Pnhn-IÄ hni¸pw Zml-hpw-sIm­v I¯p-¶-Xp-t]mse AhnsS kw`-hn-¡p-¶nÃ. Ahn-Ss¯ \nhm-kn-IÄ timItbm-Sp-IqSn \Nn-tI-XÊv ]d-ªpþ §sf XcWw sNbvXp \nXy ku`mKyw A\p-`hn¡p¶p. 10. im´-k-¦ev]x kpa\m bYm kymþ F¶m B kzÀ¤w AKv\n-hn-PvRm\w t\SmsX e`n-¡pZzoX-a-\ypÀKu-X tam am`n-a rtXym ¶n-Ã. AÃtbm arXyp-tZ-h, A§v B kzÀ¤¯nsâ km[\m-`q-X-amb AKv\nsb bYmÀ°-cq-]-¯n Adn-bp-¶p. XzXv{]-krjvSw am`n-h-tZXv {]XoX F\n¡v B Aán-hn-Zy-bnepw A§bnepw Aan-X-amb GX-¯vd-bmWmw {]Yaw hcw hrtW. hnizm-khpw `ànbpw D­v. `à³ XXz-¯nsâ Ah-ImarXyp-tZ-h, aq¶p hc-§-fn BZy-t¯Xp Rm³ tNmZn- in-bm-Ip-¶p-hsÃm. AXn-\m A§v Ir]-tXm¶n F\n¡v ¡p-¶p. KuXa hwio-b-\mb Fsâ ]nXmhv D±m-eI³ B Aán-hn-Zy-bpsS D]-tZiw \ÂIn-bm-epw. AXp {Klnt{Im[m-hn-jS-\mbn Fs¶ A§-bpsS ASp-¡-te-¡-b¨n«v ¨n«v Bfp-IÄ kzÀ¤-tem-I-¯n hkn¨v Aar-X-Xz-s¯-þv Ct¸mÄ Aim-´\pw ZpxJn- X-\p- am-bn-¯oÀ¶n- cn- ¡p-¶p. F\n- A-a-c-Xz-s¯-þ-{]-]n-¡-s«. CXv Fsâ c­m-as¯ hc-ambn ¡p-th­n At±lw t{Im[-c-ln-X\pw im´- Nn-¯\pw kZm A§-tbmSp bmNn-¡p-¶p. k´p-jvS-\p-am-bn-¯o-c-Ww. IqSmsX A§-bpsS A\p-a-Xnkw_-Ô w- þ- At¸Ä ba-cm-P³ ]d-ªpþ e-`n¨v Rm³ Krl-¯n Xncn-¨p-sN-Ãp-t¼mÄ At±lw Fs¶ kz´w ]p{X- \mb \Nn-tI-XÊv F¶ cq]-¯n Xncn14. {] tX {_hoan XZp ta \nt_m[ ¨-dnªv Ft¶mSp ]qÀÆ-hXv kvt\l-t¯m-Sp-IqSn kwkmkzÀKym-aánw \Nn-tIXx {]-Pm-\³ cn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿-Ww. kw_-Ô w-þ -b-a-cm-P³ ]d-ªpþ

A\-´-tem-Im-]XnatYm {]XnjvTmw hn²n Xztahw \nlnXw Kplmbmw

11. bYm ]pc-kvXmZv `hnXm {]XoX Hu±me- In-cm-cp-W nÀa-Xv {]-k rjvS : kpJw cm{Xo: ibn-Xm hoX-a\yp kvXzmw ZZr-in-hm-·r-Xyp-ap-JmXv {]ap-àw.
arXyp-h-Iv{X-¯nÂ\n¶p tamN\w t\Sn Krl-¯n aS§n-sb-¯p¶ \n§sf ImWp-t¼mÄ, Fsâ t{]c-W-bm \n§-fpsS ]nXm-hmb Acp-W- ]p-{X³ D±m-e-I³ hfsc {]k¶-\m-Ip-Ibpw \n§sf kz´w ]p{X-\m-sW¶p Xncn-¨-dn-bpIbpw ]qÀÆ-h Xv kvt \ln-¡ p-I bpw At±-l -¯ nsâ t{Im[hpw ZpxJhpw im´- am- hp-Ibpw sN¿pw. \n§sf e`n¡p-¶-Xp-sIm­p taen At±lw kpJ-ambn \n{Z-sN-¿pw. kw_-Ô w- þ -Cu hcw e`n-¨-t¸mÄ \Nn-tI-XÊv ]d-ªp,tl ba-cmP!

AÃtbm \Nn-tI-XtÊ Rm³ B kzÀ¤-¯nsâ km[\m-cq-]n-bmb AKv\n-hn-Zysb \Ã-Xp-t]mse Adn-bp-¶p. AXns\ AXnsâ bYmÀ°cq]-¯n \n\-¡p-]-tZ-in-X- cp¶p. \o CXns\ \¶mbn {Kln-¨p-sIm-Åp-I. Cu AKv\nhnZy A\-´hpw hn\m-i-cln-X-tem-Is¯ {]]n-¡p-¶-Xn\pXIp¶-Xp-am-Ip-¶p. AXnsâ kzcq]w Akm[mc-W-am-Ip¶p. F¶m AXv AXy´w Kp]vX-am-sW¶p \o [cn-¨psIm-Åp-I. hnZzm-·m-cpsS _p²n-cq-]-am-Ip¶ Kpl-bn AXv Hfnªp hkn-¡p-¶p. kw_-Ô w-þ -C{Xbpw ]d-ªn«v ba-cm-P³þ

15. temIm-Zn-aánw Xap-hmN Xkvssa bm CjvSIm bmh-XoÀhm bYm hm k Nm]n XXv{]-Xy-h-Z-Zy-tYm-àþ

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aYmky arXypx ]p\-tc-hml XpjvSx
taÂ{]-Imcw Aán-hn-Zy-bpsS almXvayhpw tKm]-\o-bXbpw ]d- ª-sIm-Sp-¯n«v AKv\ntZ- h³ kzÀ¤-tem-I-¯nsâ Imc-W-kz-cq-]-amb AKv\nhn-Zy-bp-sS- clkyw \Nn-tI-XÊns\ {Kln-¸n-¨p. AKv\n¡pÅ IpÞ-\nÀ½m-W-¯nÂ, BImcw F{]-Im-c-am-bn-cn-¡-Ww, CjvSnI F{X-sb®w thWw, AXp-t]mse Aán-bpsS Nb\w F{]-Imcw \S¯Ww þ F¶n-h-sbÃmw hfsc X·-bXz-t¯msS {Kln-¸n¨p. XZ-\ -´cw \Nn-tI-X-Ê nsâ _p²n-tbbpw kvarXntbbpw ]co-£n-¡p-¶ -Xn-\ p-th­n ba-c m-P³ ]dªp ""\n§Ä {Kln-¨n-S-t¯mfw Fs¶ Hcp {]mhiyw tIĸn¡p.'' Xo£vW-_p-²n-bmb \Nn-tI-XÊv AXp-tI-«n-«v, Ah³ F{]-Imcw bYmÀ°w {Kln-¨n-cp-¶pthm AtX-{]-Imcw Xs¶ ]d-ªp-tIĸn-¨p. ba-cm-P\v Ah-sâ Akm-[m-c-Wamb kvarXnbpw {]Xn-`bpw I­v AXy´w kt´m-j-ap-­mbn. A\-´cw ]dªp:

18. {XnWm-Nn-tI-X-kv{X-b-ta-X-Zzn-ZnXzm b Ghw hnZzmw-Ýn-\ptX \mNn-tIXw k arXyp]mim³ ]qcX: {]tWmZy timIm-XntKm tamZtX kzÀ¤-tem-tI.

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GXm-Ir-Xn-b n F§-s\-bpÅ CjvSn-I-I Ä, F{Xsb®w thWw, F{]-Imcw Aánsb Nb\w sN¿Ww þ Cu aq¶p kwK-Xn- Ifpw icn¡p a\-Ên- em-¡n-bn-«v, bmsXmcp hnZzm³ aq¶p-h«w \mNn-tI-Xm-án-hn-Zysb \njvIm-a-`m-ht¯m-Sp-IqSn A\p-jvTm\w sN¿p-¶pthm þ Aánsb kaml-cn-¡p-¶pthm þ Ah³ tZlm-´- ¯n\p apt¼-Xs¶ arXyp]m-is¯ XIÀ¯n«v timI-c-ln-X-\mbn Ah-km\w kzÀ¤tem-I-¯nse B\-µs¯ A\p-`-hn-¡p-¶p.

16. Xa-{_-hoXv {]ob-amtWm almßm hcw Xth-lmZy ZZman `qbx Xsshh \mav\m `hn-Xm-b-aán: kr¦mw tNam-a-t\-I-cq]mw Krlm-W.
alm-ßm-hmb ba-cm-P³ AXy´w {]k-¶-\mbn \NntI-X-Ên-t\mSp ]dªp þ \n§-fpsS A{]-Xn-a-amb tbmKyX I­n«v F\n¡v AXy-[nIw kt´mjw tXm¶p-¶p. CXp ImcWw Hcp hcw \n§Ä Bh-iy-s¸-SmsX Xs¶ Rm³ Xcp-¶p. AXv CXm-Ip-¶p. ""Rm³ \n\-¡p-]-tZ-in¨p X¶n-cn¡p¶ Cu Aán \nsâ t]tcm-Sp-IqSn¯s¶ {]kn-²-am-bn¯o-c pw.'' AtXm-S p-I qSn CXpw kzoI-c n-¨ p-s Im-Å p-I . \n§Ä¡p kz´w tZh-Xz-{]m-]vXn-¡p-th-­n-bpÅ At\-Icq-]-§-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb hnhn-[-bÚ-hn-Úm-\-cq-]n-bmb Cu cXv\-ame Rm³ Xcp-¶p. CXp kzoI-cn-¨m-epw. kw_Ôw þ B Aán-hn-Zy-bpsS ^es¯ ba-cm-P³ hÀ®n-¨p-sIm­p ]d-bp-¶p:

19. Gj tXKv\nÀ\-Nn-tIXx kzÀtKym ba-hr-WoYm ZznXo-tb\ htcW GX-aKv\nw Xsshh {]h-£y´n P\m-kþ kvXrXobw hcw \Nn-tItXm hrWo-jz.
ba-cm-P³ ]d-bp-¶p. tl \Nn-tI-XÊp \o c­m-as¯ hc-¯n Bh-iy-s¸-«-X-\p-k-cn¨v B kzÀ¤-{]m-]vXn¡pÅ km[\m-cq-]-amb Aán-hn-Zysb D]-tZ-in¨p X¶n-cn-¡p-¶p. C¶p-ap-X Bfp-IÄ \nsâ t]cn¯s¶ Cu Aánsb hnfn-¡pw. \Nn-tI-XtÊ C\n aq¶m-as¯ hcw Bh-iy-s¸«p-s Im-Åp-I. kw_Ôw þ \Nn-tI-XÊv aq¶m-as¯ hcw bmNn-¡p-¶p.

20. tbbw t{]tX hnNn-InÕm a\ptjy kvXotXytI \mb-a-kvXoXn ssNtI GX- Zzn-Zym-a\pinjvS -kvX z-bmlw hcm-Wm-taj hc-kvX r-Xobx

Cu temI-kp-J-§Ä¡p-th­n ]nXm-hns\ kt´m-jn¸n- ¡p-¶-Xn- \pÅ hchpw ]c-tem-I-¯n- \p-th­n kzÀ¤ km[\m-cq-]-amb Aán-hn-Úm-\-h-chpw {]m]n-¨n-«v, \Nn-tI-XÊv Bßm-hnsâ bYmÀ° kzcq-]hpw AXns\ {]m]n-¡p-¶17. {XnWm-Nn-tI-X-kv{Xn-`n-tcXy kÔnw Xn-\pÅ D]m-bhpw {Kln-¡p-¶-Xn-\p-th­n ba-cm-Psâ {XnIÀ½-IrXv XcXn P·-arX ap¼n aäp-Å- h-cp-tS-Xmb c­- `n-{]m-b-§Ä Ah-X-cn-¸n-¨n«v {_Ò-PÚw tZh-aoUyw hnZnXzm At±-l-¯nsâ A\p- `q-X-hn-Nmcw Adn- bp-hm- \m-{K- ln-¡p- ¶p. AXn-\m \Nn-tI-XÊv ]d-bp¶p: `K-h³, acn¨ a\p-jysc \nNmt¿ amw im´n-a-Xy-´-ta-Xn. kw_-Ôn¨v Hcp henb ktµlw \ne-hn-ep- ­v. ac-W-tijw Cu Aánsb aq¶p {]mhiyw A\p-jvTn- ¡p- ¶- h³ E¡v, Bßm-hnsâ AkvXnXzw Ds­¶p Nnecpw Csöp aäpbPp-Êv, kmaw Cu aq¶p-th-Z-§-fp-ambn _Ô-s¸-«n«v aq¶pNn-ecpw hmZn-¡p-¶p. CXp kw_- Ôn- ¨pÅ A§bpsS A\pth-Z-§-fp-tSbpw XXz-c- l-ky-§-fn \njvIm-X-\m-bn, \njvIm`-h -Úm\w Acp-f n-s ¨-b vX m-e pw. A§-bpsS D]-tZ-i a-`m-h-t¯m-Sp-IqSn bÚw, Zm\w, X]w F¶o aq¶p IÀ½¯nÂ\n¶pw CXnsâ clkyw Rm³ icn-bmbpw {Kln-¨p§-tfbpw A\p-jvTn-¨p-sIm­p P\-\-a-c-W-km-K-c-¯n\v sIm-Åmw. aq¶p hc-§-fn F\n-¡-`o-jvS-amb hcw Cu A¡sc IS-¡p-¶p. {_Òm-hnÂ\n¶v DÛ-gn¨ krjvSn-Isf aq¶m-a-t¯-Xm-Ip-¶p. Adn- bp¶ kvXh-\o-b-\mb Cu Aán-tZ-hs\ \Ã-Xp-t]mse Adn-ªn«v Aánsb \njv¡m-a`m-h-t¯m-S-bp-IqSn Nb\w kw_Ôw þ \Nn-tI-X-Ênsâ al-Xz-]qÀ®-amb tNmZyw sNbvXv F\n¡p e`y-amb A\-´-im´n bmsXm-¶mtWm tI«v ba- cm-P³ B´cm Ahs\ {]iw- kn- ¨p. At±lw Nn´n¨p. Ejn-Ip-am-c-\m-sW-¦nepw henb {]Xn-`m-imen Xs¶. AXns\ {]m]n-¡p-¶p.

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I Fs´Ãmw tKm]-\ob hnj-b-§-fmWv Adn-bp-hm-\m-{K-ln¡p-¶Xv? ]s£ Bß-XXzw AXp-]-tbm-Kn-¡p-hm³ Ign-hpÅ-hÀ¡p thWw D]-tZ-in-¡p-hm³. A\-[n-Im-cn-Ifm-bhÀ¡v Bß-XXzw D]tZin¡p-¶Xv AXy´w lm\n-I-c-hpam-W-tÃm. AXn-\m BZyw ]m{X-]-co-£-W-¯nsâ Bhiy-ap­v þ C{]-Imcw Nn´n¨p ba-cm-P³ Cu XXz-¯nsâ ITn-\X-Isf hÀ®n-¨p-sIm­v \Nn-tI-X-Êns\ AXn \n¶pw ]n´n-cn-¸n-¡p-hm³ {ian-¨p-sIm­p ]dªpþ

kw_Ôw þ hnj-b-¯nsâ ImTn\yw I­p \Nn-tI-XÊp `b-s¸- «n-Ã. Ah³ Xsâ \nÝ- b-¯n ]g-b- Xp- t]m- se-Xs¶ Dd-¨p-\n-¶p. Cu ]co-£-bn Ah³ hnP-bm-bn-¯oÀ¶p. At¸mÄ ba-cm-P³ asämcp ]co-£- b psS cq]-¯n AbmfpsS ap¼n hn`n-¶-§-fmb {]tem-`-\-§Ä \nc-¯nsh-b¡p-¶-Xn-s\-¸än Nn´n¨p ]dªp XpS§n þ v

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21. t`ssh-c{Xm]n hnNn-In-ÕnXw ]pcm \ ln kphn-tÚ-b-a-Wp-tcj [À½x A\yw hcw \Nn-tItXm hrWojz am tam]-tcm-Õo-cXn am krssP-\w.

23. iXm-bpjx ]p{X-]u-{Xm³ hrWojz _lq³ ]iq³ lkvXn-ln-c-Wym-a-izm³ `qtaÀa-l-Zm-b-X\w hrWojz kzwb N Poh ictZm bmh-Zn-Ñkn. -

\Nn-tI-X-tÊ, \o hfsc \njvI-f-¦-\m-Ip-¶p. Cu hcw sIm­v F´p t\«-amWp \n\-¡p-­m-Ip-¶Xv? ZoÀL-Po-hn\Nn-tI-X-tÊ, Cu Bß-XXzw AXy´w kq£va-hn-j- X-¯n-\p-X-Ip¶ kpJ-t`mK hkvXp-¡sf kzoI-cn-¡q. \qdp b- am-Ip-¶p. CXp a\- Ên-em-¡pI Ffp- ¸-apÅ Imcy-a- Ã. ]­p \qdp kwhvX-{k-§Ä Pohn-¨n-cn-¡p¶ ]p{X-]u-{Xm-ZnIfStZh-IÄ¡p-t]mepw Cu hnj-b-¯n ktµ-l-ap-­m-bn-cp- §p¶ henb ]cn-hm-c-s¯- tNm-Zn-¨p-sIm-Åq. tKm¡Ä apX¶p. Ah-cnepw CXp hfsc hnhm-Z-hn-j-b-am-bn-cp-¶n-«p-­v, embn D]-tbm-K -{]-Z-§ - f mb arK§tfbpw B\-I Ä, kzÀ®w, IpXn-c-IÄ Ch-bS-§p¶ hn]p-e-amb km{am-PyF¶m AhÀ¡pw CXp {Kln-¡p-hm³ km[n-¨n-«n-Ã. AXpt¯-¯-s¶bpw tNmZn-¡q. Ch-sbÃmw A\p-`-hn-¡p-¶-Xn\v sIm­p \n§Ä asämcp hcw tNmZn-¨p-sIm-Åp-I. Rm³ F{X Imew Pohn-¡-Wtam A{Xbpw Imew CjvSw- t]mse aq¶p-hcw Xcm-sa¶p hm¡p-X-¶n-«n- ­- tÃm. AXn-\m Rm³ Pohn-¨n-cp- ¶p-sIm-Åq. \n§Ä¡p IS-¡m-c-\p-am-Ip-¶p. F¶m \n§Ä Cu hc24. GX-¯peyw bZn a\ytk hcw ¯n-\p-th-­n, am\y-\mb Hcp IS-¡m-c-\n k½À±w sNep¯p-¶-Xp-t]mse Fs¶ hnj-an-¸n-¡-cp-Xv. Cu Bß-X-Xz-hnhrWojz hn¯w Nnc-Po-hnImw N jbw F\n¡p Xncn¨p Xcq; CXv F\n-¡p-th­n Dt]alm`qau \Nn-tI-XkvXz-ta[n £n-¡q.

Imam\mw Xzm Ima`mPw Itcm-an.

kw_Ôw þ \Nn-tI-XÊv Bß-X-Xz-¯nsâ ITn-\X-IÄ tI«n«v Aev]w-t]mepw ]cn-{`-an-¨nÃ; Ahsâ DÕmlw aµo`-hn-¨n-Ã. adn-¨v, Ah³ H¶p-IqSn ZrV-Xm-]qÀÆw ]dªp þ

22. tZssh-c-{Xm]n hnNn-In-ÕnXw Ine Xzw N artXym b¶ khn-tÚ-b-am° hàm Nmky XzmZr-Kt\ym \ et`ym \mt\ym hc-kvXpey GXky IÝn-Xv.
tl artXym! A§p-Xs¶ CXp ]d-ªp-h-tÃm. ]pcm-X-\Im-e¯p tZh-IÄ Cu hnj-bs¯ kw_-Ôn¨v Btem-N\-IÄ \S-¯n- bn-cp-s¶¶pw AhÀ¡v AXp {Kln-¡p-hm³ Ign-ªn-söpw Cu hnjbw Ffp-¸-ap-Å-Xà AXy´w kq£va-am-sW-¶pw. At¸mÄ AXp-sIm-­p-Xs¶ a\-Ên-em¡p-hm³ km[n-¡p-¶-Xv, CXp hfsc al-Xz-ta-dnb hnj-bam-sW-¶m-Wv. A§-s\-bpÅ alXz ]qÀ®-amb hnjbs¯ {Kln-¸n-¡p-¶-Xn\v A§-sb-t¸mse A\p-`-h-Úm\- apÅ Hcp hàm-hns\ hf- scb[nIw At\z- jn-¨n«pw I­pIn-«p-hm³ F\n¡p Ign-ªn-söpw Ahn-Sp¶p [cn-¡-Ww. Ahn-Sp¶p ]d-bp¶p: CXp-t]-£n-¨n«v asäm¶p tNmZn- ¨p-sImÅp-hm³. F¶m CXn-\p-Xp-ey-amb asämcp hcw CsÃ-¶pXs¶ Rm³ hniz-kn-¡p-¶p. AXn-\m Ir]m-]qÀÆw CXv F\n- ¡p-]-tZ-in-¨p-X-¶m-epw.

""\Nn-tI- X-tÊ, \o {]Np-c- [\ k¼- ¯v, ZoÀL-Po-hn-X- ¯n\p-th-­n-bpÅ kpJ-km-a-{Kn-IÄ, AsÃ-¦n a\p-jyÀ¡v Bß-X-Xz-hn-j-b¯n\p ka-ambn F{X-am{Xw t`mK-§-Ä t`mKn-¡p-hm³ km[n-¡ptam Ah-sbÃmw tNmZn-¨p-sIm-ÅpI. \o Cu hnim-e`a-WvU-e-¯nsâ N{I-hÀ¯n-bm-bn- ¯s¶ Ign- ªp- sIm- Åp-I. Rm³ \ns¶ kI- e-kp- J- §fpw CjvSm-\p-k- cWw A\p-`-hn-¡p-¶-h-\m-¡n-¯oÀ¯p-sIm- f-Afmw.'' C{]-Imcw ba-cm-P³ Xsâ hmIvNm-Xp-cy- ¯m BßX-Xz-¯nsâ alXzw DbÀ¯n-s¡m­pw \Nn-tI-X-Êns\ hnim-e-t`mK§Ä ImWn¨p {]tem-`n-¸n¨p-sIm-­p-an-cp-¶p. kw_Ôw þ C{X-bp-am-bn«pw \Nn-tI-XÊp Xsâ \nÝ-b¯n Dd-¨pXs¶ \n¶p. At¸mÄ kzÀ¤-¯nse ssZhn-It`mK§sf-¡m-Wn¨p {]tem-`n-¸n-¨p-sIm­v ba-cm-P³ ]dªp.

25. tb tb Imam ZpÀÃ`m aÀXy-temtI kÀÆm³ Imamw-ivO-µX: {]mÀ°-bkz Cam cmam: kcYm: kXqcym \ loZrim ew`-\obm a\pssjy: B`nÀa-Xv{]-¯m`n: ]cn-Nm-c-bkz \Nn-tItXm acWw am\p-{]m£o:

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\Nn- tI- X-tÊ, Fs´Ãmw kpJ-§Ä aÀ¯y-tem- I-¯n ZpÀÃ-`-§-fm-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm Ahsb FÃmw \o CjvSm-\pk-cWw tNmZn-¨p-sIm-Åp-I. Cu cY-§-tfbpw hnhn[ Xc¯n-epÅ hmZy-§ -tfm-Sp-IqSn kzÀ¤-¯nse kpµ-c -c -aWnItfbpw kzoI-cn-¡q. A§-s\-bpÅ kpµ-cn-Isf a\pjyÀ¡n-S-bn Hcn-S¯pw ImWpI km[y-a-Ã, henb henb alÀjn-amÀt]mepw AhÀ¡p-th­n {]tem-`\ hi-K-cm-bn¯oÀ¶n-«p-­ v. Ch-sbÃmw \n\¡p Rm³ AXn-thKw \ÂImw. \o Chsb kzoI-cn¨p aS-§n-t¸m-Iq. Ah-scs¡m­v \nsâ Bh-iy- §Ä \nÀÆ-ln¨p Ign-ªp-sIm-Åq. F¶m Bß-hn-Zy-sb-¸än am{Xw \o tNmZn-¡-cp-Xv. kw_Ôw þ ba-cm-P³ injy-sâ-ta kzm`m-hn- I-ambn ZbhpÅ alm\p`mhn-bmb BNm-cy-\m-Ip-¶p. At±lw ]co£- W-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Sn-¯s¶ `bhpw ]Sn-]-Sn-bm- bpÅ kpJ-t`mK-§-fpsS {]tem-`\hpw sIm­v, Ipän Cf¡n Dd-¸n-¡p-¶Xp-t]mse \Nn-tI-X-Ênsâ sshcm-Ky-k-¼-¶-amb ZrV-\nÝ-bs¯ ho­pw IqSp-X Dd-¸n-¨p. BZyw ImTn-\y- ¯nsâ `bw ImWn-¨p. ]n¶oSv Cu temI-¯nse kpJt`mK-km-a{KnIsf Hs¶m-¶m-bp-bÀ¯n-¡m-Wn-¨p. Ah-km\w kzÀ¤tem-It¯mSpw Ah-\p sshcmKyw D­m-Ip-¶-Xn\v kzÀ¤ob-kp-J-t`mK§fpsS Nn{Xhpw Ahsâ ap¼n DbÀ¯n¡m-Wn-¨p. A\-´cw ]dªp: "\o Ch-sbÃmw B Bß-XXz-kw-_-Ôn-bmb hc-¯n\p Xpeyw IW-¡m-¡p-¶p-s­¦n Ahsb tNmZn-¨p-sIm-Åq. F¶m \Nn-tI-XÊv ZrV\n-Ý-b\pw kXy-hm-\p-am-bn- cp-¶p. Cu temI-¯n- tebpw ]ctem-I-¯n-tebpw Gähpw henb t`mK-kp-J-§-sf, BßÚm\ kpJ- ¯nsâ Hcp £p{Zmw-i-t¯m-Sp-t]mepw Xpe\w sN¿p-hm³ km²y-a-söv Ah-\-dn-bm-am-bn-cp-¶p. AXp-ImcWw Ah³ Xsâ \nÝ-bs¯ bpàn-]qÀÆw kaÀ°n¨p-sIm­v ]qÀ®-ssh-cm-Ky-bp-à-amb hm¡pIfn ba-cmP- t\mSp ]dªp þ

cpsS Pohn-Xhpw Aev]-Im-e-t¯¡p am{X-ta-bp-Åq. Hcn¡Â Ahcpw acn-t¡-­n-hcpw. F¦n aäp-Åhc psS - ØnXn F´m-bn- cn¡pw? AXp- Im-cWw Rm\n-sXm¶pw B{Kln-¡p-¶n-Ã. A§-bpsS cY-§Ä, B\, IpXn-c, ca- Wn-amÀ, Ah-cpS \r¯-§Ä FÃmw A§p-Xs¶ ssIhiw sh¨psIm-Åq.

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27. \ hnt¯\ XÀ¸-Wotbm a\ptjym e]vkym-atl hn¯-a-{Zm£va tNXv Xzm Pohn-jymtam bmh-Zo-in-jykn Xzw hc-kvXpta hc-Wobx k Gh.
a\p-jy³ [\w sIm­v Hcn-¡epw Xr]vX-\m-Ip-¶n-söv A§-dn-bp-¶p. Aán-bn s\¿pw hndIpw CSp-¶-XpsIm­v AXv H¶n- s\m¶p iàn- bmbn Bfn- ¡- ¯p- ¶p. A{]Imcw Xs¶ [\-¯n-tâbpw t`mK-¯n-tâbpw {]m]vXnsIm­p t`mKm-`n-em-j-MlÄ H¶p-IqSn hnim-e-am-bn-¯o-cpv ¶p. AhnsS Xr]vXn F§-s\-bp-­mIpw? AhnsS cmhpw ]Iepw A]qÀ®-X-bp-tSbpw AXr-]vXn-bp-tSbpw Aán Pzen-¨p-sIm-t­-bn-cn- ¡pw. C{]-Im-c-apÅ ZpxJ-Zm- bn-bmb [\t¯bpw t`mK-t¯bpw _p²n-bpÅ BÀ¡pw Bh-iy-s¸Sp-hm³ km[y-a-Ã. F\n¡v Fsâ Pohn-Xm-h-iy-§Ä¡mbn F{X-am{Xw [\w Bh- iy- apt­m A{Xbpw [\w A§-bpsS ZÀi-\w-sIm­v kzbw {]m]vXam-bn-¯o-cpw. ]ns¶-bp-ÅXv ZoÀL Pohn-X-¯nsâ Imcy-am-Ip-¶p. AXp ac-Wm-h-Øbn A§-bpsS Iev]\ hcp-¶- Xp-hsc F\n¡p ac-Ws¯ `b-s¸-tS­ Bh-iy-an-ÃsÃm! X¡m-c-W-§-fm aäp hcw tNmZn-¡p-¶Xv DNn-X-am-sW-s¶-\n¡p tXm¶n-bn-Ã. AXn\m Fsâ {]mÀ°\ AtX Bß-XXz hnj-b- I-amb hcw Xs¶- bm-Wv. F\n-¡Xp ]n³h-en-¡p-hm³ km[y-a-Ã. kw_Ôw þ C{]-Imcw t`mK-§-fpsS XpÑ-X-sb-¸än hÀ®n¨n«p \Nn-tI-XÊv Xsâ hc-¯nsâ al-Xz-s¯-¸än ]d-ªtijw AXp {]Zm\w sN¿-W-ta-sb¶v ZrV-X-tbm-Sp-IqSn A`yÀ°n-¡p-¶p þ

26. tizm`mhm aÀ¯yky bZ-´-ssI-XXv kÀth-{µn-bmWmw Pc-b´n tXP: A]n kÀhw Pohn-X-a-ev]-tah Xsshh hmlm-kvXh \rXy-Ko-tX.
AÃtbm kÀÆm-´-I-\mb ba-cm-Pm-th, A§v Fsâ ap¼n DbÀ¯n-¡m-Wn¨ kpJ-t`mK hkvXp-¡-fpsS alna- I-sfÃmw tIhew £W-`w-Kp-c-§-fm-Ip- ¶p. \msf-hsc \ne\n¡ptam F¶p-t]mepw Rm³ kwi-bn-¡p-¶p. Ch-bpsS kwtbm- K-¯n \n¶p-­m-Ip¶ kpJ-§Ä hmkvX-h-¯n kpJta AÃ, Ah ZpxJ-a-t{X. Cu t`mKy-h-kvXp-¡Ä bmsXmcp em`hpw kw`m-h\ sN¿p-¶n-Ã. adn¨p a\p-jysâ C{µn-b-§-fpsS tXPÊpw [À½hpw lcn-¡p-I-bt{X sN¿p¶-Xv. A§v F\n¡p \ÂIp-hm-\m-{K-ln¨ ZoÀL-Po-hn-Xs¯ A\-´- Ime Pohn-X-t¯mSp Xpe\w sN¿p-t¼mÄ tIhew Aev]w am{Xta BIp-¶p-Åq. {_Òmhp apX-emb tZh-·m-

28. APo-cy-Xm-a-ar-Xm-\m-ap-t]Xy Pocy³ aÀ¯y: Iz[xØ: {]Pm-\³ A`n-[ym-b³ hÀ®-c-Xn-{]-tam-Zmþ \Xn-ZoÀtL PohntX tIm cta-X.
AÃtbm ba-cm-Pm-th, A§p-Xs¶ Acp-fn-s¨-bvXm-epw. A§-sb-t¸mse AP-c\pw Aa-c\pw Bb alm-ßm-hnsâ ZpÀÃ-`hpw Atam-L-hp-amb Iq«p e`n-¨n-«v, Pcm-a-cW kz`mh- apÅ kv{XoI-fpsS kuµ-cy-¯nepw {IoU-I-fnepw BtamZ {]tam-Z-§-fnepw Bk-à-cmbn AXp-IfpsS t\sc GsX¦nepw _p²n-am³ t\m«-an-Sptam? Cu temI-¯n ZoÀLImew Pohn-¡p-¶-Xn Bcv B\µw ImWpw?

29. bkvan-¶nZw hnNn-In-Õ´n artXym bÕm-\z-cmtb alXn {_pln \kvXXv

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tbmbw htcm KqV-a-\p-{]-hnjvtSm \m\yw Xkvam-¶-Nn-tIXm hrWo-tX.
\Nn- tI- XÊv ]d-bp¶p þ ""tl ba-cm-P³, GsXmcp BßX-X z-kw-_ -Ôn-bmb alm-Úm-\-s¯-¸-än, ac- Wm-\-´ cw Bßm-hnsâ BkvXnIyw Dt­m CÃtbm F¶v Bfp-IÄ kwibw {]I-Sn-¸n-¡p-¶p-thm, AXns\ kw_-Ôn¨v \nÀ®bm-ß- I-ambn At§bv¡ v A\p-` q-X-amb Úm\s¯ F\n¡v Ir]m-]qÀÆw D]-tZ-in-¨p-XctW. Cu Bß-kw-_Ôn-bmb hcw AXy´w KqV-am-Ip-¶p, kXy-am-Ip-¶p. F¶m A§-bpsS injy-\mb \Nn-tI-XÊv CsXm-gn¨p asämcp hchpw B{K- ln-¡p-¶n- Ã.'' kw_Ôw þ C{]-Imcw ]co-£-IÄ \S-¯n-¡-gn-ª-t¸mÄ \Nn-tI-XÊv ZrV-\n-Ýb\pw ]c-a-ssh-cm-Ky-hm\pw \nÀ`oI\pw {_Ò-hn-Zybv¡v AÀl-\p-am-sW¶p ba-cm-P\p \nÝb-am-bn. AXn-\m {_Ò-hn-tZym-]-tZiw Bcw-`n-¡p-¶-Xn-\pap¼v AXnsâ al-Xzs¯ {]I-S-am-¡n-s¡m­v ba-cm-P³ ]dªp þ

t¶-¡p-ambn FÃm ZpxJ-§-fnÂ\n¶pw apà-\mbn A\-´hpw, Ako-a-hp-amb B\-µkz-cq] ]c-am-ßm-hns\ {]m]n¡p-¶p. F¶m bmsXm-cp-¯³ kmwkm-cnI kpJ-km-[\-Ifn apgp-In-¡-gn-bp-¶pthm Ah³ Xsâ am\h PohnX-¯ nsâ ]ca e£y-a mb ]c-a m-ß - {]m-] vX n-c q-] -a mb bYmÀ° {]tbm-P\w t\Sp-¶n-Ã. AXn-\m Ah\v BXy´n-Ihpw \nXy-hp-amb B\µw e`n-¡p-¶n-Ã. Ah-\m-Is« {`a-h-im kpJ-cq-]-§Ä F¶ tXm¶-ep-­m-¡p¶ A\nXy-t`m-K-§Ä e`n-¡p-¶p. Ah hmkvX-h¯n ZpxJ-Zm-bnIÄXs¶ Bbn- c n- ¡ p- s a- ¦ nepw Ah³ \nXym- \ - µ ¯nÂ\n¶pw {`jvS-\m-bn-¯o-cp-¶p.

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2. t{ibÝ t{]bÝ a\p-jy-ta-Xþ kvXu kw]-coXy hnhn-\àn [oc: t{itbm ln [otcm`n t{]btkm hrWotX t{]tbm atµm tbmK-t£-amZv hrWo-tX.
A[n-I-am-fp-Ifpw ]p\ÀÖ- ·-¯n hnizm-k-an-Ãm-¯-hcm-b-Xp-sIm­v Cu hnj-b-§-sf-¸än A[nIw Nn´n-¡m-dnÃ. AhÀ t`mK-§-fn Bk-à-cmbn X§-fpsS tZh-ZpÀÃ`-amb a\p-jy-Po-hn-X s¯ arK-Xpeyw t`mK-kp-Jm-\p-`h§fn Ah-km-\n-¸n-¡p-¶p. F¶m GhÀ¡p ]p\ÀÖ·-¯nepw ]c-tem-I-¯nepw hnizm-k-apt­m B Nn´m-ioe-cmb a\p-jy-cpsS ap¼n t{ibx t{]bx-{]iv\w hcpt¼mÄ AhÀ Ch c­n-t\-bpw-]än icn¡p Nn´n-¡p-Ibpw Ch c­n-t\bpw ]än {]tXyIw {Kln-¡p-¶-Xn\p {ian-¡pIbpw sN¿p-¶p. Ch-cn t{ijvT\pw _p²n-k-¼-¶-\p-amb-h³ c­n-tâbpw XXzs¯ ]qÀ®-ambn a\-Ên-em¡n \oc£o-c-hn-th-In-bmb Ac-b-¶-s¯- t¸mse t{]b-Êns\ Dt]£n-¨n«v t{ib-Êns\ kzoI-cn-¡p-¶p. F¶m Aev]-_p²n-bmb a\p-jy³ Xsâ hnthI iàn-bpsS A`mhw aqew t{ib-Ênsâ ^e-§sf Ahn-iz-kn-¡p-Ibpw {]Xy-£- ambn ImW-s¸-Sp¶ euIn-I-tbm-K-t£-a¯n-\p-th-­n, AXnsâ kn²n-¡p-th-­n, t{]b-Êns\ kz´-am-¡p-Ibpw e`y-amb t`mK-h-kvXp-¡Ä kpc-£n-X-ambn kq£n-¡p-Ibpw A{]m]vX-am-b-hsb {]Np-c- amb am{X-bn In«p-sa¶p hnNm-cn-¡pIbpw CXp-Xs¶ tbmK-t£-a-sa¶p Icp-Xp-Ibpw sN¿p¶p. kw_Ôw þ ]c-amß {]m]vXn-¡pÅ km[-\m-cq-]-amb t{ib-Êns\ {]iw-kn-¨n«v ba-cm-P³ km[m-cW a\p- jycn \n¶pw \Nn-tI-X-Ên-\pÅ hnti-j-Xsb FSp-¯p-Im-Wn-¨n«v Ahsâ sshcm-Kys¯ {]iw-kn-¨p-sIm­p ]d-bp¶p þ

1. A\y-Ñ-tdtbm\yZp-ssXh t{]bþ kvtX Dt` \m\mÀt° ]pcpjw kn\oX: Xtbm: t{ib BZ-Zm-\ky km[p `hXn lobtXÀ°mZy D t{]tbm hrWotX!!
a\p-jy-i-cocw A\y tbm\n-I-sf-t¸mse IÀ½-^ew A\p-`-hn-¡m-\m-bn-am{Xw In«n-bn-«p-Å-X-Ã. CXp-sIm­p a\pjyÀ¡p `mhn-bn kpJ-k-¼m-Z-\-¯n-\pÅ km[-\-§fpw A\p-jTn-¡p-hm³ km[n-¡p-¶p. thZ-§-fn kpJ-km-[-\v §Ä c­mbn \nÀh-Nn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. 1. t{ib-Ê-vþ-A-Xm-bXp kZm- Im-ehpw FÃm ZpxJ-§-fnÂ\n¶pw thZ-\-I-fnÂ\n¶pw c£-s¸«v \nXym-\-µ-kz-cq-]-amb ]c-{_-Ò-]p-cp-tjm-¯-as\ {]m]n-¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ D]m-bw. 2. t{]b-Ê-vþ-A-Xm-bXv kv{Xo, ]p{X³, [\w, amfnI _lp-am-\w, biÊv apX-embn Cu temI-¯n- tâbpw kzÀ¤-tem-I-¯n-tâ-bp-ambn F{X- am{Xw {]mIr-X-t`m-K-h-kvXp- ¡- fpt­m Ahsb {]m]n-¡p- ¶- Xn-\pÅ D]m-bw. C{]-Imcw AXm-Xn-tâ-Xmb coXn-bn a\p-jyÀ¡p kpJw Zm\w sN¿p-¶-Xn\p Ign-hpÅ Cu c­p km[-\Ifpw a\p-jysc _Ô-\-Ø-cm-¡p-¶p. Ahsc AXm-Xp-IfpsS t\tc BIÀjn-¡p-¶p. A[nIw Bfp-Ifpw t`mK-§fn {]Xy-£hpw Xm¡m-en-Ihp-amb kpJw Is­-¯p¶p. Cu {]oXn Imc-Ww, AXnsâ A´y-s¯-¸än Nn´n¡msX t{]b-Ênsâ t\sc BIÀjn-¡-s¸-Sp-¶p. F¶m GXm\pw `mKy- hm- ·mÀ `K- hXv Ir]-bm t`mK- §-fpsS B]mX-c-a-Wo-b-Xbpw ]cn-Wma ZpxJ-¯nsâ cl-ky-§fpw {Kln¨n«v Ah-bnÂ\n¶pw hnc-à-cmbn t{ib-Êm-[-\IfpsS - t\tc BIÀjn-¡-s¸-Sp-¶p. Cu c­n-\-¯n- epw-s]« a\p-jycn Bcp `K-hmsâ Ir]m-]m-{X-ambn t{ib-Êns\ X\n-¡pth­n Xnc-sª-Sp-¡p-¶p-thm, XÂ]-c-X-tbm-Sp-IqSn AXntâ- Xmb km[-\-I-fn hym]r-X-\mbn Ign-bp-¶pthm Ah\v FÃm {]Im-c-¯nepw DÅ awKfw D­mIpw. Ah³ Fs¶-

3. k Xzw {]nbm³ {]nb-cq-]mwÝ Imamþ \`n-[ym-b-¶ -Nn-tItXmXy kvdm£ox ss\Xmw krMvImw hn¯-a-bo-a-hm]vtXm bkymw-a-Ö´n _lthm a\p-jym.
ba-cm-P³ ]d-bp¶p þ ""tl \Nn-tI-X-tÊ, \ns¶ ]co£n-¨n«v \o henb _p²n-am\pw hnth-Inbpw sshcm-Ky-k-

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I ¼-¶-\p-am-sW¶p Rm³ \Ã-Xp-t]mse a\-Ên-em-¡n-bn-cn-¡p¶p. kzbw henb kaÀ°\pw hnth-Inbpw XmÀ¡n-I\pw Fs¶ms¡ IcpXn \S-¡p¶ Bfp-IÄ t]mepw sh«n-¯n-f§p¶ k¼-¯p-I-fpsS ambm-tam-l-h-e-b-¯n AI-s¸-«pt]m-Ip-¶p. Ah-tbbpw \o \ncm-I-cn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. Rm³ BIÀj-W-amb `mj-bn XpSÀ¨-bmbn ]p{XÀ, ]u{XÀ, B\, IpXn-c, tKm¡Ä, [w, k¼- ¯ v, `qan apX-embn Zpjv{]m]y-§fpw tem`-\o-b-§-fp-amb t`mK-§sf ImWn¨p \ns¶ {]tem-`n-¸n-¨p. am{X-a-Ã, kzÀ¤¯nse Znhy-t`m-K-§fpw A\p]- a-kp-µ-cn-Ifmb kzÀ¤ob Xcp-WnIsfs¡m-­pÅ Nnc-t`mK kpJ-¯nsâ {]tem-`-\hpw DbÀ¯n-¡m-Wn-¨p. F¶m \o Ah-sbÃmw kzm`m-hn-Iambn Dt]-£n-¨p-I-fªp. AXp- Im- cWw \o XoÀ¨- bmbpw ]c-am-ß-X-Xzs¯ {ihn¡p-¶-Xn\p XnI¨pw A[n-Im-cn-bm-bn-cn-¡p-¶p.''

hnZzm-·m-cp-ambn kzbw Al-¦-cn-¡p-Ibpw hnZy-bp-tSbpw _p²n-bp-tSbpw anYym-l-¦m-c-¯m imkv{X-t¯bpw alm]p-c p-j-·m-cpsS hN-\-§-tfbpw Aev]w-t]mepw hI-hbv¡msX Ahsb Ah-tl-fn-¡p-Ibpw {]Xy£ kpJ-cq-]§Ä F¶p tXm¶nb t`mK-§sf A\p-`-hn-¡p-¶-Xnepw D]mÀÖn-¡p-¶-Xnepw \nc-´cw hym]r-X-cmbn a\p-jy-Po-hnX-¯nse Aaq-ey-amb ka-bs¯ hyÀ°-ambn \jvS-s¸-Sp¯p-Ibpw sNbvXp-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶p.

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6. \ km¼-cmb: {]Xn-`mXn _mew {]am-Zy´w hn¯-tam-tl\ aqVw Abw temtIm \mkvXn ]c CXn am\o ]p\x-]p-\ÀÆ-i-am-]-ZytX ta.
C{]-Imcw a\p-jy-Po- hn-X-¯nsâ al-¯zs¯ Adn- ªpIq-Sm¯ Al-¦m-cn-bmb a\p-jy³ {]]© kpJ-t`m-K-k¼-¯p-IfpsS {]m]vXn-¡p-th­n [\m-Zn-I-fn tamln¨p Pohn-¡p-¶p. AXm-bXv t`mK-§-fn Bk-à-\m-bn. {]am-Z]qÀÆw tXm¶n-b-Xp-t]m-epÅ BN-c-W-§Ä A\p-jvTn-¡phm³ XpS-§p-¶p. Ahsâ lrZ-b-¯n ]c-temIw tXm¶s¸-Sp-¶n-Ã. ac-Wm-\-´- cw, X\n¡p Xsâ kakvX IÀ½-§fp-tSbpw ^e-a-\p-`hn-¡p-¶-Xn\p hnhn-[-tbm-\n-I-fn P·sa- Sp-t¡-­- Xmbn hcp-sa-¶pÅ hnNmcw Ahsâ a\-Ên DZn-¡p-¶-tX-bn-Ã. ChnsS {]Xy-£-¯n Fs´Ãmw ImWs¸-Sp-¶pthm AXp-Xs¶ temIw F¶v B _p²n-lo-\³ Icp-Xp-¶p. ChnsS F{X-am{Xw hnj-bkpJw A\p-`-hn¡mtam A{Xbpw _p²n- bm-bn-cn-¡pw. CXn- \-¸p-ds¯´p­v? ]c-tem-Is¯ Bcp I­n- cn- ¡p¶p? ]c- temIw Bfp-I-fpsS `mh-\-am-{Xw. Ch-sbÃmw am\y-am-bn-¡-cp-Xp¶ a\p-jy³ XpSÀ¨-bmbn ba-cm-Psâ ]nSn-bn-e-Is¸-Sp-Ibpw At±lw Ahsâ IÀ½-§Ä¡-\p-k-cn¨v Ahs\ hnhn-[-tbm-\n-I-fnte¡p XÅn-hn-Sp-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. P\-\a-cW N{I¯n \n¶pw Ah\p tamN-\ta e`n-¡p-¶n-Ã. kw_Ôw þ C{]-Imcw hnj-bm-kàcpw {]Xy-£-hm-ZnIfpw Bb aqV-·msc \nµn-¨-tijw Bß-X-Xz-¯n-tâbpw AXns\ Adn-bp-Ibpw {Kln-¡p-Ibpw hÀ®n-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶-h-cp-tSbpw ZpÀÃ-`-Xsb hÀ®n-¡p-¶p.

4. Zqc-tatX hn]-cotX hnjq No Ahn-Zymb bm N hntZyXn ÚmXm hnZym-`o-]vkn\w \Nn-tI-Xkw at\y \ Xzm Imam _lthmtemep-]-´.
Cu Ahn-Zy, hnZy F¶ t]cp-I-fn {]kn-²-amb c­p km[-\-IÄ {]tXyIw {]tXyIw ^e-§sf {]Zm\w sN¿p¶-hbpw ]c-kv]-c-hn-cp-²-§-fp-am-Ip-¶p. bmsXm-cp-¯\p t`mK-§-fn Bk-àn-bp-­m-Ip-¶pthm Ah\p awK-f-km[-\-I-fn ]ptcm-K-a n-¡p-hm³ km[n-¡p-¶n-Ã. bmsXm-cp¯³ awK-f-amÀ¤-¯nse ]Yn-I-\m-bn-¯o-cp-¶pthm Ah³ t`mK-§-fpsS t\tc ZrjvSn DbÀ¯p-¶n-Ã. Ah³ \m\m-{]Im-c-§-fn-epÅ t`mK-§-tfbpw ZpxJ-Zm-b-I§-fmbn ImWpIbpw Ahsb ]cn-Xy-Pn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. \Nn-tI-X-tÊ, \o hnZy-sb-¯s¶ A`n-ejn-¡p¶p F¶p Rm³ hniz-kn¡p-¶p. F´p-sIm-s­-¶m A\-´-§-fmb kpJ-t`m-K§Ä¡p \nsâ lrZ-b-¯n teiw- t]mepw {]`mhw krjvSn¡p-hm³ Ign-ªn-Ã.

5. Ahn-Zym-bm-a-´tc hÀ¯-am\m: kzbw [ocm: ]WvUn-X-½-\y-am\m: Z{µ-ay-amWm: ]cn-b´n aqVm AtÔ-ss\h \ob-am\m bYmÔm:
Ft¸mÄ AÔ-\mb a\p-jy\p amÀ¤-ZÀin-bmbn AÔs\-¯s¶ e`n-¡pt¶m At¸mÄ Ah\v A`o-jvS-Øm-\s¯- ¯p-hm³ Ign-bm-Xm-hp-Ibpw CSbv¡p ImÂX«n hogpIbpw, apÅp-IÄ Xd¨pw Ip­p-Ip- gn- I-fn hoWpw DbÀ¶p \nev¡p¶ ]md-I-fnepw `n¯n-Ifnepw arK-§-fp-sS-taepw X«n-ap-«nbpw \m\m-hn-[-¯n-epÅ IjvS-X- IÄ A\p-`-hn-t¡­- Xmbn hcn-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. AXp-t]mse Xs¶ B aqV·mÀ¡p arK-§-fp-tSbpw ]£n-I-fp-tSbpw ]pgp-¡p-fp-tSbpw bmX-\m-]qÀ®-amb tbm\n- I-fn-epw, {Iqc-\-c-I-§-fnepw {]thin¨v A\-´-P-·-§Ähsc Ah-km-\-an-Ãm¯ bmX-\IÄ A\p-`-hn-t¡-­-Xmbn hcn-Ibpw AhÀ _p²n-a m-·mcpw

7. {ih-Wm-bm]n _lp-`nÀtbm \ e`y: irWzt´m]n _lthm bw \ hnZyp: BÝtcym hàm Ipitemky e_v[m Ýtcym ÚmXm Ipi-em-\p-injvSx
Bß- X -X z-¯ nsâ ZpÀÃ- ` -X sb {Kln-¸n-¡p-¶-X n\p th­n ba-cm-P³ ]d-ªp-þ-\-Nn-tI-X-kvtk, Bß-XXzw km[m-c-Wt]m-epÅ Hcp Imcy-a-Ã. temI-¯n A[n-I-amfp-IÄ¡pw BXva -I-eym-W-]-c-amb Imcy-§-sf-¸-än-bpÅ NÀ¨-IÄ tIÄ¡p¶-Xn-\p-t]mepw km[n-¡p-¶n- Ã. {]`m-X¯n DW- cp- ¶Xp apX cm{Xn Dd-§p-¶- Xp- sIm- ­n- cn- t¡­ Npä-]m-Sn AhÀ Pohn-¡p-¶p. AXn-\m Ah-cpsS a\Êv

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I F«p-bm-a-§-fnepw hnj-b-Nn-´-I-fn apgp-In-¡-gn-bp-¶p.

\Nn-tI-X-Êns\ {]iw-kn-¨p-sIm­p ba-cm-P³ ho­pw Ah-cpsS lrZ-b§-fn Bß-XXzw tIÄ¡p-¶-Xn\pw ]d-bp-¶p. Fsâ {]nb-s¸-«-ht\. \nsâ Cu ]hn-{X-amb {Kln-¡p- ¶- Xn\pw DÅ Nn´ Hcn- ¡epw DZn- ¡p-¶nÃ; AYhm _p²nbpw \nÀ½- eamb \njvTbpw I­p Rm³ AXy´w A§s\ Hcp kµÀ`w D­m-Ip-I-b m-s W-¦n¯s¶ {]k-¶ -\m-b n-c n-¡ p-¶ p. C{]-Im-c-apÅ \njvT- X À¡-§ AhÀ¡p hnj-btk-h-\¯nÂ\n¶pw Hcn-¡epw Hgn-hp- fnÂ\n¶v Hcn-¡epw e`y-am-Ip-hm³ km²y-a-Ã. AXm-Is« In«p¶p-an-Ã. Nne-bm-fp-IÄ tI«p {Kln-¡p-¶Xp \Ã-sX¶p `K- hXv Ir]- bm GsX-¦nepw alm-ßm- hnsâ Iq«p-sIm­pw IcpXn tIÄ¡p-¶p. F¶m Ahsâ hnj-b-{K-kX-amb At±lw apJm-´n-c-am-bpÅ XpSÀ¨-bmb ]c-am-ßm-a-l-Xzv lrZ-b¯n\v AXp-hln-¡p-hm³ km[n-¡msX hcp¶p. ¯nsâ hni-Z-hn-th-N\w {ihn-¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ ku`m-KywAsÃ-¦n aµ-_p-²n-bm-b-Xp-Im-cWw AXp {Kln-¡m³ Ign- sIm­pw kwkn-²-a m-Ip-¶p. C{]-Im-c-apÅ \njvT-X -s¶bp-¶n-Ã. bmsXm-cp-¯À Xo£vW-_p-²n-bmbn Icp-X-s¸-Sp- bmWp a\p-jys\ Bß-Úm-\-¯n-\p-th­n {]b-Xv\n-¡p¶pthm A§s\ DÅ-h -c n¯s¶ Aß-X -X zs¯ ¶-Xn\p t{]cn-¸n-¡p-¶-Xv. \ns¶ Rm³ C{X- b-[nIw {]tembYmÀ°-cq-]-¯n hÀ®n-¡p-hm³ Ign-hpÅ alm-]p-cp- `n-¸n-¨n«pw kz´w Xocp-am-\-¯n \o ZrV-ambn \n¶p. j³amÀ hfsc hnc-f-amtb ImW-s¸-Sp-¶p-Åp. Aß-X- AXn \n¶pw hmkvX-h-¯n bYmÀ° [mc-W-bn \o Xzs¯ {]]n-¨n«v PohnXw k^-e-am-¡n-bn-«pÅXpw Htc Hcp k¼-¶-\m-sW¶pw hyà-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. \Nn-tI-X-t Ê, ]pcp-j³ am{X-ta-bp-Åp. \Ã-Xp-t]mse {Kln-¨v, PnhnXw \ap¡p \ns¶- t¸mse tNmZn¨p hm§p¶ PnÚm-kp- ¡-sfk^-e-am-¡n-b-hcpw PohnXm\p`h§fp-Å-hcpw, Bß- ZÀin- bm-Wm-h- iyw. I-fp-amb BNm-cy-·m-cnÂ\n¶pw D]-tZiw e`n-¨n-«v, AXn-\kw_Ôw þ At¸mÄ ba-cm-P³ DZm-l-c -W -k-lnXw \p-k-c-a-ambn a\-\-\n-Zn-[ym-k-\-¯m XXz-¯nsâ km£m\njvIm-a-`m-hs¯ {]iw-kn-¨p-sIm­p ]dªp: Xv¡mcw t\Sp¶ ]pcp-j-·mcpw temI-¯n hfsc hnc-f10. Pm\m-aylw tih-[n-cn-Xy-\nXyw amtb D­-Ip-¶p-Åp. kw_-Ô w-þ C\n AXv a-P vRm-\-¯nsâ ZpÀe-` -X -bpsS ImcWw ]d- bp-¶pþ

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\Nn-tI-XtÊ! IÀ½-§-fpsS ^e-kz-cq-]-amb Cu temI¯n- tebpw ]c-tem-I-¯n-tebpw t`mK-k-aq-l-§-fmbn e`yam-Ip¶ \n[n- IÄ, Ah F{X- am{Xw Aaq- ey- §- fm-bn- cp-¶mepw Hcp Znhkw Ah \in- ¡pw. AXm-bXv Ah A\n-Xy- am- Ip¶p {]Ir-Xn-]-cy-´-apÅ kq£-a-X-Xz-§-tf-¡mÄ Cu Aß- F¶p-Å Imcyw Rm³ \¶m-b-dn-bp-¶p. AXp-t]mse XXzw kq£-a-am-Ip-¶p. CXnsâ bYmÀ° cq]w {Kln-¸n- A\nXy km[-\-I-fnÂ\n¶pw \nXy hkvXp-¡sf {]m]n-¡p¡p-¶-Xn\p Ign-hpÅ alm-·msc e`n-¡p-¶-Xp-hsc a\p- hm³ Hcn-¡epw km²y-a-Ã. Cu cl-kys¯ Adn-ªp-sImjyÀ¡v AXn {]thi\w e`n-¡pI AXy´w Zpjv¡-c-am- ­p-Xs¶ Rm³ \Nn-tI-Xm-án-bpsS Nb-\mZn cq]-¯n Wv. AXv A{Xbv¡p Kl-\-am-W.v Aev]-PvRm\w km[m-cW Nne bÚmZn IÀ¯-hy-IÀ½- §Ä A\nXy hkvXp-¡Ä Adn-hp-Im-cWw CXn-s\-¸än D]-tZ-in-¡p-Ibpw AXn-\-\p-k- hgn-bmbn FÃm A`nemj§-tfmSpw Bk-àn-tbmSpw clncn¨v hnhn-[-co-Xn-bn Nn´n-¡p-Ibpw A`y-kn-¡p-Ibpw X-ambn IÀ½-_p-²n-tbm-Sp-IqSn am{Xw sNbvXn-cn-¡p-¶p. sN¿p-IbmsW¦n AXnsâ Aß-PvRm\ cq]-amb ]ew A\n-Xy-]-ZmÀ°-§-sf-s¡m­p IÀ¯-hy-]m-e\ kzcq-]-§D­m-Ip-¶n-Ã. BXva-XXzw Aev]w-t]mepw a\-Ên-em-¡p- fmb Cuiz-c-]q-P-IÄ sNbvXv Rm³ \nXy-kpJ cq]-\mb hm³ km[n-¡p-I-bn-Ã. aäp-Å-h-cn \n¶pw {ihn-¡msX ]c-am-ßm-hns\ {]m]n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. CXp \njvIma `mhkzbw XÀ¡-hn-XÀ¡-bp-à-amb hni-I-e-\w-sIm­pw Cu ¯nsâ aln-a-X-s¶-bm-Ip-¶p. Bß-XXzw {Kln-¡p-hm³ km[n-¡p-I-bn-Ã. F¶m {ihnkw_Ôw þ \Nn-tI- X- Ên Cu \njvIm- a- `mhw ]qÀ®- ambn ¡pI Bh-iy-am-Wv. ]s£ CtX-kw-_-Ôn-¨p- \à ]cnI­-Xp-sIm­v Ahs\ {]iw-kn-¨p-sIm-­p-Xp-S-cp-¶p. PvRm\w kn²n-¨n-«pÅ alm-·m-cnÂ\n¶pw thWw XXz-{i11. Ima-kym]vXnw PKX: {]XnjvTmw hWw \S- ¯p-hm³. At¸mÄ XÀ¡- ¯n\pw AXo- X- amb Cu Kl-\-hn-j-b-¯n ]cn-Úm\w kn²n-¡p-¶p. {ItXm-c-\ -´ya-` -bky ]mcw

8. \ \tc-Wm-h-tcW t{]mà Gj kphn-PvtRtbm _lp[m Nn´y-am-\x A\-\y-t{]mtà KXn-c{X \mkvXn AWo-bm³ lyX-À¡ya-W p-{]-am-Wm-Xv.

\ lyp[vdpssh: {]m]ytX ln [vdphw XXv XtXm abm \mNn-tI-X-ÝntXmánþ c\n-ssXyÀ{Zsshy: {]m]vXhm-\kvan \nXyw. -

9. ss\jm XÀt¡W aXn-cm-]-t\bm t{]màm-t\y-ss\h kÚm-\mb t{]jvT bmw Xzam]: kXy-[r-XnÀ_-Xmkn XzmZrMv t\m `qbm-¶-Nn-tIX: {]jvSm.

kvtXma-a-l-Zp-cq-Kmbw {]XnjvTmw ZrjvSzm [rXym [mtcm \Nn-tItXmXy{km-£o.
\Nn-tI-X-tÊ, \n§Ä FÃm-hn-[-¯nepw t{ijvT\pw _p²n-k-¼-¶\pw \njvIm-a\pw BIp-¶p. Rm³ hc-Zm-\-

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I ambn \nsâ ap¼n h¨n-cn-¡p¶ kzÀ¤w FÃm {]Im-c-¯n-

]qÀÆw {ihn-¡Ww; A\-´cw AXns\ a\\w sN¿Ww; ep- apÅ t`mK-§-fm ]cn-]qÀ®hpw PK-¯nsâ B[m-c- kz- XZ-\-´cw GIm-´-X-bn AtX-¸än Nn´n¨v _p²n-bn cq-] hpw bÚm-Zn-i p-` -I À½-§ -fpsS A´-c -l n-X -a mb Ønc-s¸- Sp-¯- Ww. C{]-Imcw km[\ sNbvX-Xn-\p-ta a\p^ehpw FÃm ZpxJ-§-fn \n¶pw `b-§-fnÂ\n¶pw cln- jyÀ¡v Bß-kz-cq-]-{]m-]vX n-bp-­m-Ip-t¼mÄ AXm-bXv Xhpw kvXpXn-¡-s¸-Sp-hm³ tbmKyhpw AXy´w al-Xz- Ah³ Bßm-hns\ XXz-t¯m-Sp-IqSn {Kln-¡p-t¼mÄ B\]qÀ®-hp-am-Ip-¶p. thZ-§-fn AXnsâ At\I hn[-¯n- µ-kz-cq-]\mb ]c-{_Ò ]c-am-ßm-hns\ {]m]n-¡p-¶p. B epÅ KpW-§sf Km\w sNbvXn-cn-¡p-¶p. AXv A\-´- B\µ alm-k-ap-{Zs¯ {]m]n-¨n«v Ah³ AXn \na-áImew \ne-\n¡p-¶-Xm-Ip-¶p. \o AXnsâ al-Xzs¯ \m-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. tl \Nn-tI-XtÊ! \n\-¡p-th­n B ]c-aicn¡p {Kln-¨n-cp-¶n«pw ss[cy-t¯m-Sp-IqSn AXns\ ]cn- [m-a-¯nsâ hmXn Xpd-¶n- «n-cn-¡p-¶p. At§m«p {]th-inXy-Pn-¨n-cn-¡p- ¶p. \nsâ a\Êv AXn Aev]w- t]mepw Bk- ¡p-¶-XnÂ\n¶v BÀ¡pw \n§sf XS-bp-hm³ km[y-a-Ã. à-am-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. \o kz´w Xocp-am-\-¯n ZrV-ambn \n§Ä {_Ò {]m]vXn-¡pÅ D¯-am-hIm-in-bm-bn-cn-¡p-¶Dd¨p\n¶p. CXp km[m-c-Wamb Hcp kwK-Xn-bÃ. AXn- Xmbn Rm³ Icp-Xp-¶p. \m \o henb _p²n-am-\pw, A\m- k- à\pw Bß- X-Xzs¯ kw_Ôw þ ba-cm-Psâ apJ-¯p-\n¶pw ]c-{_-Ò]p-cpAdn-bp-¶-Xn\p tbmKy\pw BsW¶v Rm³ Icp-Xp-¶p. tjm-¯-asâ aln-am-tIÄ¡p-Ibpw Xm³ AXn-\-h- Im-in-bmkw_Ôw þ C{]-Imcw \Nn-tI-X-Ênsâ \njv¡m-a-`m-hw- sW¶v Adn-bp-Ibpw sNbvX-t¸mÄ \Nn-tI-X-Ênsâ a\sIm­v Ch³ ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ XXz-Úm-\-¯n\v bYmÀ°- Ên ]c-am-ß-X-Xz-a-dn-bm-\pÅ Xm¸cyw Dev]¶-am-bn. amb Ah-Im-in-bm-sW¶p ba-cm-P³ \nÝ-bn-¡p-¶p. AXn- AtXm-Sp-IqSn ba-cm-P³ Xs¶ {]iw-kn-¡p-¶-Xp-IqSn tI«\m Ahsâ A´x-Ic-W-¯n ]c-{_-Ò-]p-cp-tjm-¯- t¸mÄ AXy´w kt¦m-N-t¯m-Sp-IqSn tNmZn¨p þ asâ XXz-s¯-¸än PnÚmk hfÀ¯p-¶-Xn\v C\n-bpÅ 14. A\y{X [À½m-Z-\y-{Xm-[À½m-Z-\y c­p a{´-§-fn-embn ]c-{_Ò ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ aln-asb -{Xm-kvam-X vIr-X m-I r-XmXv hÀ®n-¡p-¶p.

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12. Xw ZpÀZÀiw KqV-a-\p-{]-hnjvSw Kplm-lnXw Klz-tcjvTw ]pcmWw A²ym-ß-tbm-Km[n Kta\ tZhw aXzm [otcm lÀj-timIu Plm-Xn.
Cu k¼qÀ® PK¯v AXy´w ZpÀ¤-ahpw Kl-\hpamb Hcp h\- ¯n\p kZr-i-am-Ip-¶p. F¶m Cu ]c- {_Ò ]c-ta-iz-c³ ]cn-] qÀ®-\ m-I p-¶p. AXv Ch-bn-seÃmw kÀÆ{X {]hn-jT-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. AXv FÃm-h-cp-tSbpw lrZv b-am-Ip¶ Kpl-bn ØnXn-sN-¿p-¶p. C{]-Imcw \nXyhpw H¶n-¨n-cp-¶n«pw Bfp-IÄ¡p kzm`m-hn-I-ambn Adn-bp-hm³ Ign-bp-¶nÃ: F´p-sIm-s­-¶m AXp kz´w tbmK-amb-bpsS hm¡p-I-fn Hfn-ªn-cn-¡p-¶p. AXy´w Kp]vXam-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. AXnsâ ZÀi\w AXy´w ZpÀe-`am-Ip-¶p. bmsXmcp ip²-_p²n k¼-¶-\mb km[-I³, Xsâ a\-Ênt\bpw _p²n-tbbpw \nXyhpw \nc-´- chpw AXnsâ Nn´bn aá-am-¡p-¶pthm Ah\v B k\m-X-\-ssZ-hs¯ {]m]n¨p kZm-Imew lÀj- tim-I-c-ln-X-\m-bn-¯o- cm³ km[n¡pw. Ahsâ A´x-Ic-W-¯n \n¶pw lÀj-tim-ImZn hnImc§Ä kaqew \in-¨p-t]m-Ip-¶p.

A\y{X `qXm¨ `hym¨ b¯-Xv]-iykn XZz-Z.

\Nn-tI-XÊv tNmZn¨p: `K-h³, A§v F¶n {]k-¶\m-bn-cn-¡p¶p F¦n A[À½ kw_- Ô- c-ln-Xhpw ImcyIm-c-W{]-Ir-Xn-bnÂ\n¶pw hyXy-kvX-ambpw `qXw. hÀ¯am-\w, `mhn Ch-sb-Ãm-¯nÂ\n¶pw `n¶hpw Bbn A§dn-ªn-cn-¡p¶ ]c-am-ß-X-Xzs¯ F\n-¡p-]tZ-in¨ tXcW-ta.

15. kÀtÆ thZm bXv ]Z-am-a-\´n X]mwkn kÀÆmWn N bZv hZ´n bZn-Ñt´m {_Ò-Ncyw Nc´n Xt¯ ]Zw kw{K-tlW {_ho-taym-an-tXy-X-Xv.
ba-cm-P³ ChnsS ]c-{_Ò ]pcp-tjm-¯-as\ ]c-a{]m]yw F¶p ]d-ªp-sIm­p AXnsâ hmN-Iamb Hmw Imcs¯ kzcq-]-ambn D]-tZ-in-¡p-¶p. At±lw ]d-bp-¶p, ka-kvX-th-Z-§fpw \m\m-{]-Im-c-¯n-epÅ Oµ-Êp-Isfs¡m­p bmsXm-¶ns\ {]Xn-]m-Zn-¡p-¶pthm k¼qÀ® X]w apX-emb km[-\-I-fpsS GI-am-{Xhpw ]c-a-hp-amb e£yw GsXm-¶mtWm GXns\ {]m]n-¡p-¶-Xn-\p-th-­nbpÅ CÑ- bm km[-I³ \njv¡m-a-]qÀÆw {_Ò-N-cys¯ A\p- jvTn-¡p- ¶pthm B ]pcp-tjm-¯a `K-hmsâ ]c- a- XXzw Rm³ \n\¡p kwt£-]-ambn D]-tZ-in- ¡p¶p; AXm-Ip¶p Hmw F¶ Cu GIm-£-cw.

kw_Ôw þ \ma-c-ln-X-\m-sW- ¦nepw ]c-am-ßmhv At\Iw t]cp-Ifm hnfn-¡-s¸-Sp-¶p. At±-l-¯nsâ FÃm t]cpCu A²ymß hnj-b-I-amb [Àt½m-]-tZ-is¯ BZy- I-fnepw Hmw kÀÆ-t{ijvTw F¶p KWn-¡-s¸-Sp-¶p. AXnambn A\p- `- h- Úm-\-apÅ alm- ]p-cp- j- ·m-cnÂ\n¶pw {i²m- \m ChnsS \ma-¯n-tâbpw \man- bp-tSbpw At`Zs¯ ]cn-

13. GX-ÑrXzm k¼-cn-Krly aÀXyx {]hrly [À½y-a-Wp-ta-X-am]y k tamZtX tamZ\obw ln e_v[zm hnhrXw kZva \Nn-tI-Xkw at\y.

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I K-Wn¨v "{]Wh's¯ ]c-{ _Ò ]pcp-tjm-¯ -a sâ

AXnsâ \nXy-X-tbbpw hÀ®n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. F´p-sIm-s­Øm\¯p hÀ®n-¨p-sIm­p ba-cm-P³ ]d-bp¶p þ ¶mÂ, km[-I\v Xsâ \nXy-X-bp-sSbpw \nÀÆn-Im-c-X-bptSbpw A\p-`hw D­m-Ip-¶n-Ãtbm AXp- t]mse Xs¶ ico16. GX-t²y-hm-£cw {_Ò GX-t²y-hm cm-ZnIfmb A\y-h-kvXp-¡-fn \n¶pw `n¶-ambn Icp-Xm-£cw ]cw Xn-cn-¡p-¶-Xp-hsc Cu A\n-Xy-h-kvXp-¡-tfmSp sshcm-KyGX-t²y-hm-£cw ÚmXzm tbm ap- ­mbn Ahsâ A´x-I-c-W- ¯n \nXy-X-Xz-¯nsâ A`nbZn-Ñ-Xn-X-ky-XXv. emjw DÛ-hn-¡p-¶n-Ã. Pohm-ßmhp \nXy-tN-X\m Úm\ Cu Ahn-\m-in- bmb {]Whw HmwImcw Xs¶- bm-Ip-¶p. kzcq-]-am-Ip-¶p. A\n-Xyhpw hn\m-in-bp-amb PUicoc(]-c-am-ßm-hnsâ kzcq-]w). {_Òhpw AXp-X-s¶- bm-Ip-¶p. §Ä¡pw t`mK§Ä¡pw hmkvX -h -¯ n CXp-a mbn AXm-bXv B {_Ò-¯n-tâbpw ]c-{_-Ò-¯n-tâbpw \maw bmsXmcp kw_-Ô-hp-an-söpapÅ ZrV-amb A\p-`qXn HmwIm-c-sa-¶p-X-s¶- bm- Ip- ¶p. AXn-\m Cu XXzs¯ {Kln- Ah-\p-­m-IWw. CXv A\m-Znbpw A\-´-hp-am-Ip-¶p. ¨n«v km[-I\v CXp-hgn-bmbn c­n¡q-Snbpw GsX-¦nepw bmsXmcp Imcy- Im-c-W-§fpw CXn- \n-Ã. AXn-\m CXp P\\-acW cln-Xhpw kZm GIhpw kÀÆYm \nÀÆn-Im-chpw A`o-jvS-cq-]s¯ {]m]n-¡p-hm³ Ign-bp-¶p. BIp-¶p. ico-c-¯nsâ \miw-sIm­v CXn\p \miw kw`17. GX-Zm-ew-_\w t{ijvT-ta-XZm-ew-_\w ]cw hn-¡p-¶n-Ã. CXv acn-¡p-sa¶pw acn-¸n-¡p-sa¶pw BscGX-Zm-ew-_\w ÚmXzm {_Ò-temtI ¦nepw Icp-Xp-¶-h-cp-s­- ¦n AhÀ hmkvX-h-¯n Bßalo-btX kz-cq-]s¯ Adn-bp-¶n-Ã. AhÀ kÀÆYm {`a-¯n Ign]c-amß {]m]vXn-¡p-th­n kzoI-cn-¡p¶ ]e-co-Xn-bn- ªp-Iq-Sp-¶p. AhÀ ]d-bp-¶Xv Bcpw {i²n- t¡­ BhepÅ Bew-_-\-§-fn ]c-a-t{i-jThpw ]c-am-h-ew-_hpw iy-an- Ã. bYmÀ°-¯n Bßmhv Bscbpw sImÃp-¶p-anÃ; v Cu HmwImcw Xs¶- bm-Ip-¶p. CX-ÃmsX aäp bmsXm-c-h-ew- BÀ¡pw AXns\ sImÃp-hm\pw km[n-¡p-¶n-Ã. _-\hpw CÃ. AXm-bXp ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ t{ijvT-amb \makm[-I\p icoc-¯n-tâbpw t`mK-§-fp-tSbpw A\n-Xys¯- ¯ s¶ icWw {]m]n- ¡ pI F¶Xv A Xnsâ X-tbbpw Xsâ Bßm-hnsâ \nXy-X-tbbpw Nn´n-¨n«v Cu {]m]vXn¡pÅ kÀtÆm- ¯-ahpw Atam-L-hp-amb km[-\-bm- A\nXy t`mK-§-fn-epÅ kpJ-¯nsâ Bi-bs¯ XyPnIp-¶p. Cu cl-kys¯ {Kln-¨n«p bmsXmcp km[-I³ ¨v, kZm Xt¶m-Sp-IqSn hkn-¡p¶ \nXy-kpJ kzcq-]-\mb `ànbpw t{]ahpw CXn AÀ¸n-¡p-¶pthm Ah³ XoÀ¨- ]c-{_-Ò-]p-cp-tjm-¯-as\ {]m]n-¡p-¶-Xn\v A`n-em-j-ap-Åbmbpw ]c-am-ßm-hns\ {]m]n-¡p-¶p. h-\m- bn-¯o-c -Ww.

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kw_Ôw þ C{]-Imcw HmwIm-cs¯ {_Òw, ]c-{_-Òw þ Ch c­n-tâbpw {]Xo-I-ambn ]d-ªn-«v, \Nn-tI-X- Ênsâ {]iv\-¯n-\-\p-k-c-W-ambn ba-cm-P³ Bßm-hnsâ kzcq]s¯ hÀ®n-¡p¶p:

kw_Ôw þ C{]-Imcw Bß- X-Xz-¯nsâ hÀ®\ hgn \NntI-X-Ênsâ A´x-Ic-W-¯n ]c-{_-Ò-]p-cp-tjm-¯-asâ XXz-s¯- ¸-än- bpÅ PnÚm-k-bp- WÀ¯n- bn«p ba-cm-P³ ]cam-ßm-hnsâ kzcq-]s¯ hÀ®n-¡p-¶p.

18. \ PmbtX {anbtX hm hn]-Ýnþ ¶mbw IpX-Ýn¶ _`qh IÝnXv AtPm \nXy: imiztXmbw ]pcmtWm \ l\ytX l\y-amt\ ico-tc.
\nXy-Úm-\-cq-]-amb Bßmhp acn-¡p-Itbm P\n-¡pItbm sN¿p-¶n-Ã, AXp kzbw H¶n \n¶p­m-btXm H¶n\p Imc-Wtam AÃ. AXm-bXv AXv H¶nsâ Imcy-Imc-W-am-Ip-¶n-Ã. AXv AP-·mhpw \nXyhpw kZm GI-c-kap-ÅXpw ]pcm-X-\-hp-am-Ip-¶p. AXp hr²n-£-b-cln-X-hpam-Ip- ¶p. ico-c- ¯n\p \mi- ap-­m-bmepw Ah\p \mi- ap-­mIp-¶n-Ã.

20. AtWm-cWo-bm-·-ltXm alo-bmþ \mßmky Pt´mÀ\n-lntXm Kplm-bmw. Xa-{IXp: ]iyXn hoX-timtIm [mXp-{]-km-Zm· lnam-\-am-ß\mx
CXn\p ap³]p-Xs¶ Pohmßmhnsâ ip²-amb kzcq]s¯ hÀ®n-¨n- «p- ­v. Cu a{´-¯n AXn\p "P´p' F¶p t]cp sImSp-¯n«v AXnsâ hr²m-hØsb hyà-am-¡n-bncn-¡p-¶p. AXm-bXv ]c- {_-Ò-]p-cp-tjm-¯- a³ B Pohm-ßmhnsâ AXy´w \nI-S-hÀ¯-bmbn ØnXn-sN-¿p-s¶-¦nepw AXnsâ t\tc Hcn-¡Â t]mepw ZrjvSn-bp-bÀ¯n {i²n¡m-dn-Ã. AXv taml-§-fn apgpIn FÃmw ad¶p Ign-bp¶p. Cu ImcWw sIm­p-Xs¶ "P´p' a\p-jy-i-cocw e`n¨n«pw IoS ]Xw-K-§-fmb XpÑ-{]m-WnIsft¸mse Xsâ ZpÀe-` -amb Pohn-Xw-hyÀ°-a mbn \in-¸n¨p If-bp-¶ p. bmsXmcp km[-I³ ]qÀtÆm-à-amb hnth-N-\a\pk-cn¨v kzbw \nXy-tN-X-\m- kz-cq]w F¶p IcpXn FÃm {]Im-c-¯nep-apÅ t`mKm-`n-em-j-§-fn \n¶p cln-X- \mbpw timI-c-

19. l´m tN·-\ytX l´pw lX-tÝ-·\ytX lXw D`u Xu \ hnPm-\otXm \mbw l´n \ l\y-tX.
ba-cm-P³ ChnsS Bßm-hnsâ ip²-kz-cq-]t¯bpw -

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I ln-X-\mbpw Xocp-¶pthm Ah³ ]c-amß Ir]-bm ]c-

Hcn-¡epw bmsXmcp Imc-W-h- imepw tei-am-{X-am-bn-t¸mepw {_Ò ]pcp-tjm-¯-a³ AWp-hn AWphpw al-¯n timIw {]I-Sn-¸n-¡p-¶n-Ã. CXp Xs¶- bmWv A§-s\-bpÅ al¯pw kÀÆ-hym-]nbpw BsW-¶pÅ ]c-{_-Ò- a-ln-asb Bfnsâ e£-Ww. {Kln-¨n«v km£m-Xv¡mcw {]m]n-¡p-¶p-sh¶v A\p-`hn-¨kw_Ôw þ C\n B ]c-am-ßm- hns\ kz´w ]pcp- jmÀ°wdn-bp-¶p. ChnsS "[mXp {]km-ZmXv' þ F¶-Xnsâ AÀ°w sIm­v Bcpw {]m]n-¡p-¶n- Ã. adn¨v AXv Bsc kzoI-cn¡p"]c-ta-iz-csâ Ir]' F¶pw "[mXp' F¶ hm¡n-\À°w ¶pthm Ah\p am{Xw e`n-¡p-¶p. AXn-s\-¸än ]d-bp¶p þ "kÀÆm-[mc ]c-am-ßmhv' F¶pw AwKo-Icn-¡p-¶p. -

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21. Bkot\m Zpcw {hPXn ibmt\m bmXn kÀhX:! IkvXw aZm-aZw tZhw aZt\ym ÚmXp-aÀl-Xn.
]c-{_Ò ]c-am-ßmhv ANn´y iànbpw hncp-²-[À½m{i-bnbpw BIp-¶p. Htc kabw Xs¶ At±-l-¯n hncp² [À½-§-fpsS eoe-IÄ kw`-hn-¡p-tam. AXn-\m At±lw Htc ka-b¯v kq£vam kq£vahpw al-¯n al¯pw Bbn Adn-b-s¸-Sp-¶p. B ]c- ta-iz-c³ Xsâ \nXy ]ca [ma-¯n hncm-Pn-¨p-sIm­v `àm-[n-\-\mbn `à-·mcpsS hnfn-tI«v _lp-Zqcw k©-cn-¡p-¶p. ]ca [ma-¯n A[n-h-kn-¡p¶ ]mÀj-Z-`-à-·m-cpsS ZrjvSn-bn At±lw ibn-¨p-sIm­v FÃm Zn¡p-I-fnepw k©-cn-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p¶p. AsÃ-¦n B ]c-am-ßmhv kÀÆZm kÀÆ{X ØnXnsN-¿p-¶p. Ccn-¡p-¶n-S-¯pw, Zqsc t]mbm Ahn-S-bpw, Dd-§p-t¼mÄ Ahn-sSbpw At±-lw-D-­v. At±-l-¯nsâ kÀÆ-hym-]-IX CXm-Ip-¶p. At±lw kÀÆ{X FÃm-cq-]-§fnepw \nXyhpw Xtâ-Xmb aln-a-bnepw ØnXn-sN-¿p-¶p. C{]-Imcw Aeu-In-I- ]-c- ssa- iz- cy-kz-cq-]-\m-bn-cp- ¶n«pw At±l-¯n\p Xsâ sFiz-cy-¯n teiw-t]mepw Al¦mc-anÃ. B ]c-ta-iz-cs\ Adn-bp-¶-Xn-\pÅ Ah-Imiw (B-ßX-Xz- Ú- \mb ba- cm- P\p Xpeyw) F\n-¡-ÃmsX aämÀ¡mWp km[n-¡p-¶-Xv. kw_Ôw þ C\n C{]-Im-c-apÅ B ]c-ta-iz-csâ alnasb Adn-bn-¡p¶ ]pcp-js\ Xncn-¨dn-bp¶ Imcyw ]dbp¶p þ

23. \mb-amßm {]h-Nt\\ et`ym \ta-[bm \ _lp\m {iptX\! bta-sshj, hrWptX tX\ e`yþ kvXsskyj Bßm hnhr-WptX X\qw-kzmw.
Rm³ GsXmcp ]c-ta-iz-c-s\-¸än hÀ®n-¨p-I-gn-ªn-cn¡p-¶p-thm, At±-l-s¯, imkv{X- §Ä ]Tn-¨n«v at\m-l-c§-fmb `mj-W-§-fn ]am-ß-X-Xz-¯nsâ \m\m{]Im-c-§fn-epÅ hÀ®-\-IÄ \S-¯p-¶-ht\m XÀ¡-io-e-·m-cmb _p²n-Po-hn-IÄt¡m _p²n-am-\m-sW-¶pÅ Al-¦mc {]a¯-X-bn \n¶pÂ`q-X-amb XÀ¡w apJm-´ncw hnth-Nn-¨n«v At±-ls¯ {]m]n-¡p-¶-Xn\p {ian-¡p-¶-ht\m ]c-am-ßmhns\ kw_-Ôn¨p hf-sc-b-[nIw tI«n-«p-Å-ht\m {]m]n¡p-hm³ km[n-¡p-¶-X-Ã. bmsXm-cp-¯s\ At±lw kzbw kzoI-cn-¡p-¶pthm bmsXm-cp-¯\v At±-l-s¯- ¸än D¡S-amb A`n-\n-th-i- apt­m bmsXm-cp-¯\v At±-l-s¯-¡qSmsX Pohn-¡p-hm³ km[n-¡m-Xn-cn-¡p-¶pthm bmsXm-cp¯³ Xsâ _p²n-i-àn-bnepw km[-\-I-fnepw B{i-bwsh-bv¡msX At±-l-¯nsâ Ir]sb am{Xw {]Xo-£n-¨psIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶pthm C{]-Imcw Ir]m-\nÀ`-c-·m-cmb km[I-·m-cp-sS-ta ]c-am-ßmhv Ir] ImWn-¡p-Ibpw tbmK-amb-bpsS ad amän-bn«v Ahsâ ap¼n kz´-cq]w {]I-S-am¡n-¡m-Wn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. kw_Ôw þ C\n ]c-amß {]m]vXn BÀ¡p-­m-Ip¶p F¶p ]d-bp¶p þ

hymJym\w þ bmsXm- cp- ¯³ Zpcm-N-c-W- §- fn hnc- à-\mbn Ahsb ]cn-Xy-Pn-¡p-¶n-Ãtbm bmsXm-cp-¯sâ a\Êv ]cam-ßm-hns\ Dt]-£n¨v Zn\-cm-{X-§-fn t`mK-kp-J-§-fn Pohn-I-fpsS icocw A\n-Xyhpw hn\mi kz`m-h-t¯m- Ae-ªp-Xn-cn-bp-¶pthm ]c-am-ßm-hn hnizm-k-an-ÃmsX Sp-Iq-Sn-bXpw BIp-¶p. AXn\v {]Xn-£Ww ]cn-hÀ¯\w bmsXm- cp-¯³ kZm Aim-´-\mbn Pohn-¡p-¶pthm bmsXmkw`-hn-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡pw. AXn-seÃmw ka-`m-h-t¯m-Sp-IqSn cp-¯sâ a\-Ê,v _p²n, C{µn-b-§Ä Ch \nb-{´W hnt[ØnXn-sN-¿p¶ ]c- {_- Ò- ]p- cp- tjm-¯-a³ Cu ico- c- §-fm b-am-bn- cn-¡p-¶n- Ãtbm A§-s\-bpÅ a\p- jy³ kq£va- _pkÀhYm cln-X\pw Ai-co-c\pw BIp-¶p. Cu ImcWw ²n-tbm-S p-IqSn Bß-h n-N mcw sNbvX p-s Im-­ n-c p-¶m sIm­p- Xs¶ At±lw \nXy\pw AN- e-\p- am- Ip- ¶p. {]mIrX t]mepw ]c-am-ßm-hns\ {]m]n-¡p-hm³ km[n-¡p-¶n-Ã. tZi-Ime KpWm-ZnIfm A]-cn-Ñn-¶-\mb B alm\pw F´p-sIm-s­-¶m Ah³ ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ Ako-a-amb kÀÆ-hym-]nbpw FÃm-¯n-tâbpw Bß kzcq-]-hp-amb ]c- BZ-c-hn\p ]m{X-am-bn-¯o-cp-¶nÃ; AXns\ Ah-tl-fn-¨pta-iz- cs\ Adn-ª- Xn- \p- tijw Úm\n- bmb alm-]p-cp- j³ sIm­p Pohn-¡p-¶p. AXn-\m Ah³ ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ

22. Ai-cocw ico-tcjp A\-h tØjzh-Ø nXw alm´w hn`p-am-ßm\w aXzm [otcm \ timN-Xn.

24. \mhn-ctXm ZpÝ-cn-Xmþ ¶mimt´m \mk-am-lnX: \mim´ am\tkm hm]n {]Úm-t\-s s\-\-am- ]v\p-b mXv

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I Ir]n-bv¡-h-Im-in-bmbn¯ocp-¶n-Ã.

kw_Ôw þ ]c-{_Ò ]c-ta-iz-csâ XXz-§sf {ihn-¨n«pw _p²n-bp- ]- tbm-Kn¨p a\\w sNbvXn«pw a\p-jy\v AXp {Klnba-cm-P³ ChnsS Pohm-ßm-hn-tâbpw ]c-am-ßm-hn-tâ¡p-hm³ F´p-sIm­p km[n-¡p-¶nÃ? AtX-kw- _-Ôn¨p bpw. \nXy-kw-_-Ôs¯ ]cn-N-bs¸-Sp-¯n-s¡m­p ]dbp¶p {_Ò-th-¯m-¡-fmb alm-Úm-\n-Ifpw bÚm-Zn]d-bp¶p þ aw-K-f-IÀ½-§Ä A\p-jvTn-¡p¶ BkvXn-I-a-lm-P-\-§fpw 25. bky {_Ò N £{Xw N þ FÃm-hcpw Htc kzc- ¯n ]d-bp-¶p. ""Cu a\p-jy-i-cocw Dt` `hX HmZ\: hfsc ZpÀÃ-`-amb H¶m- W.v ]qÀÆ-P-·mÀÖn- X-amb At\Iw arXypÀb- tkym-]-tk-N\w ]pWy-IÀ½-§Ä \nan-¯-ambn ]c-a-Ir-]m-ep-hmb ]c-amßmhp Ir]m-]-c-hi-\mbn Pohn-IÄ¡v Ah-bpsS awK- f-kI C°m thZ b{X k. ¼m- Z-\-¯n-\mbn Cu t{ijvT-amb ico-cs¯ {]Zm\w sN¿pa\p-j y-i -c o-c -§-f n [À½-k z-`m-h -apÅ {_mÒ-W Ibpw ]ns¶ Cu Pohm-ßm-hn-t\m-sSm-¯p-Xs¶ kzbw tâbpw [À½-c- £m-kz-`m-h-apÅ £{Xn-b-tâbpw ico-c-§Ä AXnsâ Xs¶ lrZ-bm- ´À`m- K¯v þ ]c- {_-Ò-¯nsâ \nhm]c- am-ßm-hnsâ {]m]vXn-¡p-th­n AXy-[nIw D¯aw F¶p k-cq-]-amb t{ijvT-Øm-\¯v þ A´-cym-an-bmbn {]Xn-jTnv Icp-Xp-¶p. F¶m Ahbpw B Ime-kz-cq-]-\mb ]c-ta- X-am-bn-cn-¡p-I-bpw, sN¿-p¶p. am{X-a-Ã, Ah c­pw AhnsS iz-c\p t`mP-\-am-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. ]ns¶ aäp km[m-cW a\p- Ht¶m-sSm-¶n¨v kXys¯ ]m\w sN¿p-¶p. ip`-IÀ½jy-i-co-c-§-fpsS IY F´m-bn-cn¡pw? FÃm-¯n-t\bpw §Ä¡m-h-iy-amb kXv ^es¯ A\p-`-hn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿pkwl-cn-¡p¶ arXyp-tZ-h³t]mepw B ]c-ta-iz-csâ t`mP- ¶p. XoÀ¨-bmbpw c­n-tâbpw A\p-`-h-§-fn hep-Xmb \-t¯m-Sp-IqSn tNÀ¡-s¸-Sp¶ N«v\nbpw ]¨-¡-dn-Ifpw A´cw D­v. (]-c-am-ßmhv Akw-Khpw At`m-àmhpw t]mse-bm-Ip-¶p. C§s\ {_mÒW £{Xn-bmZn kakvX BIp-¶p.) Hmtcm Pohn-bp-tSbpw lrZ-b¯n hkn-¨pPohn-I-fp-tSbpw kzbw arXyp-hn-tâbpw kwlm-c-I\pw sIm­v AXnsâ ip`-IÀ½-§-fpsS ^ew A\p-`-hn-¡p-¶Xv B{i-b-Zm-Xmhpw Bb ]c-ta-iz-cs\ GsX-¦nepw a\p-jy\v AP-·m-hm-bn-cp-¶n«pw P·w kzoI-cn-¡p-¶-Xp-t]m-se-bpÅ Cu A\nXy a\-Êv, _p²n, C{µn-b§Ä hgn-bmbn AXy- At±-l-¯nsâ eoem-hn-emkw am{X-am-Ip-¶p. AXn-\m tÚ-b-h-kvXp-¡-tf-t¸mse F§s\ Xncn-¨dn-bp-hm³ Ign- At±lw Bkz-Zn-¡p-¶p-s­- ¦nepw hmkvX- h¯n Bkzbp-¶p. AJn-et¯bpw Adn-bp-¶-hs\ Xncn-¨dn-bp-¶-Xn- Zn-¡p-¶n-Ã. AsÃ-¦nÂ, H¶p-IqSn ]d-ªm ]c-am-ßmhp \pÅ kmaÀ°yw BÀ¡p­v? AXm-bXv (]qÀtÆm-à-amb kXys¯ ]m\w sN¿n-¡p-¶p. ip`-IÀ½-§-fpsS ^ew 23-þmw a{´-a-\p-k-cn-¨v) ]c-am-ßmhv Bsc Xsâ Ir]m-]m-{X- A\p-`-hn-¸n-¡p-¶p. Pohm-ßmhp ]m\w sN¿p-¶p. F¶m am¡n kzX-X z-§Ä {Kln-¸n-¡ p-hm-\ m-{K-l n-¡p-¶ pthm ^e-t`mK ka-b¯p Pohm-ßmhv Ak-MK-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶n-Ã. v Ah\p am{Xta At±-ls¯ Adn-bp-hm³ km[n-¡p-I-bp- AXv Al-¦m-c- t¯m-Sp-IqSn kpJs¯ D]-t`mKw sN¿p-¶p. Åq. GsX-¦ nepw kz´w iàn-s Im­v At±-l s¯ C{]-Imcw H¶n-¨n-cp-¶n- «p-IqSn Pohm-ßmhpw ]c-am-ßmhpw bYmÀ°-cq-]-¯n lrZn-Ø-am-¡p-hm³ km[y-aÃ; F´p- shbnepw \ng-epw-t]mse ]c-kv]cw `n¶-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. sIm-s­-¶m At±lw euIn-IPvtRb hkvXp-¡-sf- Pohm-ßmhp \ngÂt]mse Aev] {]Im-i-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Sn- bXpw t¸mse _p²nbp]tbm-Kn¨p Xncn-¨-dn-bp-¶-Xn F¯p-s]- Aev]-Úhpw BIp-¶p. ]c-am-ßmhp shbnÂt]mse Sp- ¶-Xm-bn-cn-¡p-¶n-Ã. ]qÀ®-{]-Im-i-bp-àhpw kÀÆ-Úbpw BIp-¶p. \ng-en kw_Ôw þ c­mw `mK-¯n Pohm-ßm-hn-tâbpw ]c-am- ImWp¶ Aev]-{]-Imiw F{]-Imcw ]qÀ®-{]- Im-i- cq-]- amb Xvam-hn-tâbpw kzcq-]-§sf {]tXyIw {]tXyIw hÀ®n-¡p- shbn-en-tâ-Xm-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm AXp-t]mse Pohm-ßm-hn Ibpw AXp {Kln-¨n«p {_Òs¯ {]m]n-¡p-¶-Xp-sIm­p \ne-\n¡p¶ Aev]-Úm\w t]mepw ]c-am-ßm-hn-tâXp kn²-am-Ip¶ ^e-s¯-¸än ]d-bp-Ibpw sNbvXn-cn-¡p-¶p. Xs¶-bm-Ip-¶p. Npcp-¡-¯n bmsXm-cp-¯s\ ]c-am-ßmhp kzoI-cn-¡p¶pthm Ah\p am{Xta At±-ls¯ Adn-bp-hm³ Ign-bp¶p-Åq. F¶m ]c-am-ßm-hns\ {]m]n-¡p- ¶-Xn-\pÅ km[\-Isf AXn kv]jvS-ambn hnh-cn-¨n-«n-Ã. AXn-\m km[\-Isf hni-Zo-Icn-¡p-¶-Xn-\p-th­n aq¶mw `mKw Bcw-`n¨p-sIm­v ba-cm-P³ BZy a{´-¯n Pohm-ßm-hn-tâbpw ]c-am-ßm-hn-tâbpw \nXy-kw-_-Ôhpw \nhm-k-Øm-\hpw ]d- ªn-cn-¡p-¶ p. Cu clkyw {Kln-¨n-«v, a\p-jyÀ X§-fp-tS-Xmb iànbn Hcp {]Im-c-¯nepw Al-¦-cn-¡msX A´-cym-ao-cq-]¯n kÀÆZm X§-fpsS lrZ-b-§- fn \nh-kn-¡p- ¶p. ]cam-ßob ]ca Ir]m-ep-hmb ]c-am-ßm-hns\ \nXyhpw \nc´- chpw Nn´n-¨p-sIm­p Ign-b-Ww. kw_Ôw þ ]c-am-ßm-hns\ {Kln-¡p-¶-Xn\pw {]m]n-¡p¶-Xn-\pÅ kÀtÆm-¯-a-amb km[\ ""At±-ls¯ {Kln¡p-¶-Xn\pw {]m]n-¡p-¶-Xn-\p-apÅ iàn {]Zm\w sNt¿Wta'' F¶v At±-lt¯mSp {]mÀ°n-¡pI am{X-am-Ip-¶p. Cu kwKXn ba-cm-P³ kzbw {]mÀ°n-¨p-sIm­p hyàam-¡p-¶p.

Ombm-X]u {_Ò-hntZm hZ´n ]©m-átbm tb N {XnWm-Nn-tIXmx

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1. EXw ]n_´u kpIr-Xky temtI Kplmw {]hnjvSu ]cta ]cmÀt²

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2. bx tkXp-co-Pm-\m-\m-a-£cw {_Ò bXv ]cw A`bw XnXoÀjXmw ]mcw \mNn-tIXw itI-a-ln.
ba-cm-P³ ]d-bp-¶p. ""AÃtbm ]c-am-ßm-th, R§Ä¡v \njv¡m-a-`m-h-t¯m-Sp-IqSn bÚm-Zn-ip` IÀ½-§Ä \S-¯p¶-Xn-\pÅ hn[n-IÄ \¶mbn {Kln-¡p-¶-Xn\pw A§- bpsS BÚm- ]m- e-\mÀ°w Ahsb A\p- jvTn¨v A§-bpsS {]k¶X {]m]n-¡p-¶-Xn\pw AXn³{]-Imcw bmsXm¶p kwkmc-km-Kc-¯nsâ A¡-sc-sb-¯p-¶-Xn\v CÑm-ep-hmb hncà-]p- cp-j-·mÀ¡p th­n-bpÅ \nÀ`-b-]- Z-am-Ip-¶pthm B ]c-ahpw Ahn-\m-in-bp-amb A§m-Ip¶ ]c-{_-Ò-]p-cp-tjm¯-a-`-K- hms\ Adn-bp-¶-Xn\pw {]m]n-¡p-¶-Xn\pw tbmKyam-Ip-¶-Xn-\pÅ Ignhpw kmaÀ°yhpw Zm\w sN¿-tW.'' Cu a{´- ¯n ba-cm-P³ ]c-am-ßm-hn-t\mSv At±ls¯ {]m]n-¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ iàn {]Zm\w sN¿p-¶-Xn-\pth-­n, ]c-{_Ò ]pcp-tjm-¯-as\ Adn-bp-¶-Xn\pw {]m]n¡p-¶-Xn-\p-apÅ Gähpw D¯-ahpw kc-f-hp-amb km[-\bv¡p-th­n At±-l-t¯mSp {]mÀ°n-¡p-I-bm-W.v kw_Ôw þ C\n B ]c-{_-Ò-]p-cp-tjm-¯-asâ ]c-a-[m-a¯n GsXÃmw ]c-a-km-[-Im-k-¼-¶-·mÀ¡p {]th-in-¡phm³ Ignbpw? Cu Imcyw cYhpw cYnbpw F¶ cq]Iw hgn-bmbn hyà-am-¡p¶p þ

]c-am-ßm-hnsâ [ma-¯n F¯n-t¨-cWw F¶pÅ \nÀt±ihpw \ÂIn-bn-cn-¡p-¶p.

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Pohm-ßmhv C{]- Imcw sN¿p- I- bm- sW-¦n AXn-io{Lw ]c-am-ßm-hn-¦Â F¯n-t¨-cpw. F¶m AXp kz´w ]cam-\-µ-a-b-`K-h-X{]m]vXn kzcq-]-amb Cu e£ys¯ tamlv h-i m ad-¶p-t]m-Ip-¶p. AXp _p²n-¡pÅ t{]cW \nÀ¯p-¶-Xp-Im-cWw _p²n-cq-]n-bm-Ip¶ kmcYn A{i-²\m-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. AXp a\-Êm-Ip¶ ISn-ªm-Wns\ C{µnb-am-Ip¶ ZpjvSm-iz-§-fpsS CÑm-\p-k-cWw hn«p-sIm-Sp-¡p¶p. XÂ]-cn-Wmaw Pohm-ßmhp hnj-b{]-h-W-amb C{µnb-§-fpsS A[o-\-am-bn-«v, kwkmc N{I-¯n hogn-¡p¶ euIn-I-i- _vZ-k]ÀimZn hnj-b-kp-J-§-fn Ae-bp-hm³ v XpS-§p-¶p. AXm-bXv `K-hXv {]m]vXn-¡p-th­n D]-I-cn-¡s¸- tS­ ico- cw, a\-Êv, C{µnbw Ch-bpsS kl-I-c-W-t¯mSp-IqsS hnj-bhn-j§-fpsS D]-t`m-K-§-fn apgp-In-¡-gnbp-¶p. kw_Ôw þ ]c-am-ßm-hn-¦-tebv¡p t]mImsX AXnsâ C{µn-b-§Ä euInI hnj-b-§-fn-te¡v F´p-sIm­p Xncnbp¶p F¶p-Å-Xns\ hnh-cn-¡p¶p þ

cYs¯ Aiz-§ÂXs¶ \bn-¡p-¶p. F¶m B IpXn-c-Isf Ft§m-s«Ãmw \bn-¡Ww? AsXÃmw ISnªm¬ ]nSn-¨n-cn-¡p¶ _p²n-am-\mb kmc-Yn-bpsS tPmenbm-Ip-¶p. C{µn-b-cq-]n-Ifpw Icp-¯-·mcpw ZpÀ[Àj-·m-cp4. C{µn-bmWn lbm-\m-lpÀhn-jbmw amb IpXn-c-IÄ kzm`m-hn- I-am-bn-¯s¶ B]m-X-c-a-Wo- b-§kvtXjp tKmN-cm³ fmb hnj-b§-fm \nd-b-s¸« kwkm-ccq-]-am-Ip¶ ]¨Btß-{µn-b-a-t\m-bpàw t`mtà-Xym ¸pÂh-\-¯nsâ t\sc IpXn-¨p-]m-bp-hm³ CjvS-s¸-Sp-¶p. -l pÀa-\o-j nW: F¶m _p²n-bm-Ip¶ kmcYn a\-Êm-Ip¶ ISn-ªm¬ Pohm-ßmhv ]c-am-ßm-hn \n¶pw thÀs]-«n-cn-¡p-¶p. iàn-bmbn hen-¨n«v B IpXn-c-Isf Xsâ \nb-{´- W-¯nA\-´-Im-e-ambn AXv A\-h-cXw kwkm-c-cq-]am-Ip¶ \-[o-\m-¡p-I-bm-sW-¦n ]n¶oSp IpXn-c-IÄ¡p a\-ÊmtLmc-h-\¯n A§n§p kpJs¯ At\z-jn¨v Ae- Ip¶ ISn- ªm- Wnsâ klm-b-t¯m- Sp- IqSn Nn´n- ¡msX Hcp ªp-Xn-cn-bp-¶p. kpJ-sa¶p IcpXn FhnsS sNÃp-¶pthm `mK-t¯bv¡p t]mIp-hm³ km[n-¡p-¶n-Ã. a\ C{µn-b-§Ahn-sS-sbÃmw h³]n¨ coXn-bn h©n-¡-s¸-Sp-¶p. ]ca fp-ambn kl-I-cn-¡p-t¼mÄ am{Xta AXn\v hnj-b-kp-J-{KkpJ-kz-cq-]-\mb ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ kao]w Ah-s\-¯m-¯n- l- W- ¯n\v km[n- ¡-bpÅp; CXv FÃm-hÀ¡pw Adn-bm-hp¶ S-t¯mfw Imew kpJhpw im´nbpw Hcn-¡epw e`y-am-Ip- kwK-Xn-bm-W.v ISn-ªm-Wnsâ klmbw e`n-¡p¶ Zn¡n¶n- Ã. Cu Zb-\o-bm-hØ I­p Zbm-a-b-\mb ]c-am-ßmhv tebv¡p IpXnc ]mªp- sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. F¶m Cu ISnAh\p am\-h-i-coc cq]-am-Ip¶ kpµ-chpw kÀÆ-km-[\m ªm¬ icn¡p \nb-{´n¨p sIm­n-cn-t¡-­Xv kmc-Ynk¼-¶-hp-amb cYw sImSp- ¯n- cn-¡p-¶p. C{µnb cq]n-I-fmb bpsS Xo£vW_p-²nsb B{i-bn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. _p²n-cq-]nià-·m-cmb Aiz- §-tfbpw sImSp-¯n-cn-¡p-¶p. Ahsâ bm-Ip¶ kmcYn hnth-I-bp-à-ambn kzman-bpsS BÚma\-Êm-Ip¶ kmc-Yn-bpsS ssIhiw Gev]n-¨p-sIm-Sp-¡p- \p-hÀ¯n-bmbn e£y¯n-tebv¡p Ønchpw Dd-¸p-ÅXpw Ibpw Pohm-ßm-hns\ B cY-¯n {]Xn-jTn¨v AXnsâ Úm\ k¼-¶hpw C{µn-b-cq-]n-bm-Ip¶ IpXn-c-Isf \bnv kzman-bm-¡n-bn«v \nc-´cw _p²n-bpsS t{]c-Wb\pk-cn¨p ¡p-¶-Xn kaÀ°-\p-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶n-sÃ-¦n \n¡m-sX, ]c-am- ßm- hn-¦-te-¡m- \-bn-¡p¶ `K-hmsâ \maw, cq]w, eoe, ISn-ªm-Wnsâ klm-b-t¯m-Sq-IpSn cYs¯ apgp-h\pw [maw apX-em-b-h-bpsS IoÀ¯-\-{i-hWw a\\w apX-embn AXnsâ kzm[o-\ -¯ n-e m-¡ p-I bpw kmc-Y n-b pÄs¸sS {]i-kXhpw kl-P-hp-amb amÀ¤-§-fn¡qSn k©-cn¨p cYs¯ H¶msI hen- ¨p- sIm-­p-t]mbn AKm-[- amb KÀ¯v

3. Bßm\w cYn\w hn²n icocw cY-tah Xp _p²nw Xp kmcYnw hn²n a\x {]{K-l-tah N.

5. bkvXz-hn-Úm-\hm³ `h-X y-bp-tà\ a\km kZm Xtky-{µn-bm-Wy-h -iym\n ZpjvSmizm Ch kmctY:

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I ¯n-tebv¡p ]Xn-¸n-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. _p²n-bpsS \nb{´-W -¯ n \n¡m¯ C{µn-b -§ Ä (A-{i-² -\ mb kmcYntbbpw ZpjvSmw-i-§-tfbpw t]mse) D¯-tcm-¯cw AtX- {]-Imcw Xs¶ DÑrw- J-eambn s]mbvs¡m-­n-cn-¡pw. -

8. bkvXp hnÚm-\-hm³ `hXn ka-\kvI: kZm ipNn: k Xp XXv]-Z-am-]vt\mXn bkvamZv `qtbm \ Pmb-tX.

K

kw_Ôw þ C\n kzbw {i²m-ep-hmbn Xsâ _p²nsb CXn\p hn]-co-X-ambn Bdm- as¯ a{´-a-\p- k-cn¨v kzbw hnth-I-io-e-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-Xm-¡p-¶-Xp-sIm-­pÅ {]tbm-P- {i²m-ep-hmbn Xsâ _p²nsb \nc-´cw hnth-Ikz`mh\s¯ hnh-cn-¡p¶p þ t¯m-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-Xm-¡nbpw X±zmcm a\-Êns\ \nb-{´n¨p ]hn{X `mh-¯n Ønc-s¸-Sp-¯nbpw C{µn-b-§Ä amÀ¤w 6. bkvXp hnÚm-\-hm³ `hXn `K-hmsâ BÚ-b-\p-k-cn¨v ]hn-{X- IÀ½-§sf \njv¡mbptà\ a\km kZm a-` m-h -t ¯m-S p-I qSn BN-c n¨pw AXp-t]mse `K-h m\v Xtky-{µn-bmWn hiym\n kZizm AÀ¸Ww sN¿-s¸« t`mK§sf; cmK-tZz-j-cln-X-ambn Ch kmctYx \njv¡m-a-`m-h-t¯m-Sp-IqSn ico-c-c-\nÀÆ-l-W-¯n-\ mbn bmsXmcp Pohm-ßmhv Xsâ _p²nsb hnth-I-k-¼-¶- am{Xw D]-t`mKw sNbvXp-sIm­pw Ign-bp-¶pthm Ah³ am- ¡ p- ¶ pthm bmsXm- ¶ nsâ _p² n Xsâ e£ y- `K-hmsâ ]c-a-[m-as¯ {]m]n-¡p-¶p. ]n¶o-sSm-cn-¡epw ¯n¯s¶ AXy´w {i²-tbm-Sp-IqSn \nXyhpw \nc-´- c- Ahn-sS-\n¶pw Xncn¨p t]mtc-­-Xmbpw hcp-¶n-Ã. hp-amb ss\]p-Wy-t¯m-Sp-IqSn C{µn-b-§sf k·mÀ¤kw_Ôw þ F«m-as¯ a{´- ¯n ]d-b-s¸« Imcy-§sf ¯n¡qSn \bn- ¡p-¶-Xn\p a\- Êns\ _m[y- Ø- am-¡n- s¡mho­pw H¶p-IqSn kv]jvS-hp-am-¡n-s¡m­p cY-¯nsâ ­n-cn-¡p-¶pthm AXnsâ a\Êpw e£y-¯n¯s¶ cq]Iw D]-kw-l-cn-¡p-¶p. tI{µo-I-cn-¨n-cn-¡p-Ibpw X±zmcm AXnsâ C{µn-b§Ä \nÝ-bm-ß- Iamb _p²n-¡-[o-\-ambn `K-h-Õw-_-Ôn-bmb 9. hnÚm-\-km-c-YnÀbkvXp a\:-{]-{Khnj-b-tk- h-\-§- fnÂ, t{ijvTmiz-§Ä {i²m-ep-hmb kmcl-hm³ \cx Yn-bpsS \nb-{´-W-¯n AXnsâ \nÀ±njvT amÀ¤-§tkm[z\: ]mc-am-]vt\mXn XZzn-jvtWm:fn¡qSn \bn- ¡p-¶-Xp-t]m-se-Xs¶ kwe-á-am-bn-¯o]-caw ]Zw. cp-¶p. XrXob a{´w apX H³]Xmw a{´w hsc Ggp-a-{´kw_Ôw þ A©m-as¯ a{´-a-\p-k-cn¨v Hcp-¯sâ §-fn-embn cY-¯nsâ cq]-I-¯n Cu Imcyw hyà-am_p²nbpw a\Êpw hnth-Ihpw kwb-a-hpw-Iq-Sm-sX-bm-Ip- ¡n-b n-c n-¡ p-¶ p. Cu AXn-ZpÀÃ-` -a mb a\p-j y-i -c ocw t¼mÄ AXnsâ AhØ F´m-Ip¶p þ AXns\ hnh-cn- bmsXmcp Pohm-ßm-hn\p ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ Ir]-bm e`y¡p-¶p. amtbm AXns\ AXn-thKw Poh-¯m¡n `L-hXv {]m]vXnbpsS amÀ¤-¯n¡qSn \bn-¡-Ww. icocw A\n-Xy-am-Ip7. bkvXz-hn-Ú m-\-hm³ `h-Xy-a-\kvIx ¶p. \nan-jw-tXmdpw AXp £bn-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p- ¶p. kz´w kZm-ipNn: Pohn-X-¯nse Cu Aaqey ka-bs¯ arK-§-sf-t¸mse \ k XXv]-Z-am-]-t\mXn kwkmcw tIhew kmwkm-cnI t`mK-§Ä A\p- `-hn- ¡p-¶-Xn- \p-th­n Nm[n-K-Ñ-Xn. \in-¸n-¡-s¸-Sp-I-bm-sW-¦n ]n¶oSp XpSÀ¨-bmbn P\\ bmsXm-cp-¯sâ _p²n kZm hnth-I-¯nÂ\n¶pw acW cq]-amb kwkm-c-N-{I-¯n AI-s¸«p Id-§p-¶IÀ¯-hym-IÀ¯-hy-§-fpsS Úm\-¯nÂ\n¶pw cln- Xn\p _m²y-Ø -am-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. GsXmcp al-¯mb ImcyXhpw a\-Êns\ \nb-{´n-¡p-¶-Xn Ak-aÀ°-hp-am-bn-cn- kn-²n-¡p-th­n Cu ZpÀÃ-`-amb a\p-jy-i-cocw e`yam-bn¡p-¶pthm bmsXm-cp-¯sâ a\Êv \n{K- l-c- ln- X-hpw Akw- cn-¡p-¶pthm AXp ]qÀ®-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶n-Ã. AXm-bXv a\pb-X-hpw, hnNmc§Ä ZpjnX§fp-am-bn-cn-¡p-Ibpw AXp- jyÀ¡p `K-hXv Ir]-bm e`y-am-bn-cn-¡p¶ hnth-I-it]m-se-Xs¶ C{µn-b-§Ä \nc-´cw Zpcm-Nm-c-§-fn apgp- ànsb icn-bmb coXn-bn ssIImcyw sN¿-Ww. kwkmIn-bn-cn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶pthm A§- s\-bpÅ _p²n-i-àn- c-¯nsâ A\n-Xy-X-bp-tSbpw Cu B]m-X-c-a- Wo-b- amb hnjbn-Ãm¯ a\Êv C{µn-b-§-fpsS kzm[o-\-h-e-b¯n- eI-s¸- b-Po-hn-X-kp-J-§-fp-tSbpw bYmÀ°-amb ZpxJ-kz-`m-hs¯ «n-cn-¡p-¶p. Ahsâ PohnXw Hcn-¡epw ]hn-{X-ambn¯ocp- a\-Ên-em¡n Ch-sb-¸än Nn´n¨pw D]-t`mK§fn \n¶p ¶n-Ã. AXn- \m Ah³ am\- h-i- co-c-t¯m-Sp- IqSn {]m]y-tbm- hnc-à-cmbpw Xoc-Ww. tIhew ico-c-¯nsâ \ne-\n-ev]nKy-amb ]c-a-]-Zs¯ Hcn-¡epw {]m]n-¡p-¶n- Ã. adn¨v Xsâ \m-h-iy-amb IÀ¯- hy-IÀ½-§sf \njv¡m-a-`m-h-t¯m-SpZpjv¡À½-§-fpsS ]cn-Wm-a-kz-cq-]amb Cu kwkm-c-N-{I- IqSn `K-hmsâ BÚ F¶p hnNm- cn¨v A\p-jvTn- ¨p-sIm­v ¯n- eI-s¸«v Ae-tb-­- Xm-bn-hcp-¶p. IqI-c-iq-I-cmZn \oN- kz_p- ²n- bn At±-l-¯nsâ \maw, cq]w, eoe, [maw XYm tbm-\n-I-fn P\n-¡p-Ibpw acn-¡p-Ibpw sNt¿-­-Xmbn At±-l-¯nsâ AeuInI iàn Assl-Xp-I-{Inb Chhcp-¶p. bn ZrV-hn-izmkw kwPm-X-am-¡p-Ibpw kÀÆ-`m-h-§-

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I tfmSpw IqSn `K-hm-\n¯s¶ tNÀ¶n-cn-¡p-Ibpw thWw.

s¸-«n- cn-¡p-¶p. Cu Imc-W-§-sfÃmw sIm­pw AXp-t]mse Xsâ a\-Êns\ `K-hmsâ XXz-Nn-´- I-fnepw hmWnsb At±- {_Ò-k q-{X- Im-csâ kmwJy-a-Xm-\p-k -c Ww al-Xzhpw l-¯nsâ KpW-hÀ®-\-I-fnepw t\{X-§sf At±-l- ¯nsâ Ahyà {]Ir-Xn-cq-]hpw F¶ AÀ°hpw kzoI-cn-¡m-XnZÀi-\-¯nepw IÀ®-§sf At±-l-¯nsâ aln-am-{i-h-W- cn-¡p-¶-XnÂ\n¶pw ChnsS alm³hn-ti-j-W-t¯m-Sp-IqSn ¯nepw hym]r-X-am-¡-Ww. C{]-Imcw FÃm C{µn-b§-fp- Bß-]Z-¯nsâ Bibw Pohm-ßmhp Xs¶-bm-Ip¶p tSbpw kw_Ôw `K-hm-\p-ambn kwL-Sn-¸n-¡-Ww. Pohn- F¶pw AwKo-I-cn-¡-Ww. CXn-\m a{´- ¯nsâ kmcmwiw X-¯nsâ Hcp £Ww t]mepw `K-hmsâ a[p-c-kva-cW C{µn-b-¯nsâ AÀ°w (hn-j-bw) _e-hm³ F¶m-Ip-¶p. v IqSmsX \o§n-t¸m-Ip-hm³ A\p-h-Zn-¡-cp-X.v CXn¯-s¶- Ah km[-Isâ C{µn-b-§sf _em-e¡m-c-ambn X¶n-tebm-Ip¶p a\p-jy-Po-hn-X-¯nsâ kmÀ°-IX \ne-sIm-Åp- bv¡m-IÀjn-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. AXn-\m C{µn-b-§sf ¶-Xv. C{]-Im-c-saÃmw A\p-jvTn¨p Pohn-¡p¶ ]pcp-j³ hnj-b§-fnÂ\n¶pw AIän \nÀ¯p-¶Xp km[-I\v DNn\nÝ-b-ambpw ]c-{_Ò ]pcp-tjm-¯-asâ ANn´y ]c-a-]- X-am-bn-cn-¡pw. hnj-b-§-fn a\Êv _e-hm-\m-Ip-¶p. hnjZs¯ {]m]n-¨n«p kZm-Im-e-t¯mfw IrX-Ir-Xy-\m-bn-¯o- b-§-fn a\Êv A\m-k-à-am-sW-¦n C{µn-bhpw hnjbhpw þ c­n\pw km[-I\p bmsXmcp lm\nbpw kw`-hncp-¶p. ¸n-¡p-hm³ Ign-bp-¶-X-Ã. a\-Ên-t\-¡mÄ _p²n _e-h-¯mkw_Ôw þ D]-cyp-à-amb hÀ®-\-I-fn cY-¯nsâ cq]Ip-¶p. AXn-\m _p²n-bp-]-tbm-Kn¨p Nn´n¨v a\-Êns\ I-¯n `K-h-X{]m-]vXn-¡p-th-­n-bpÅ km[-\-Isf \nÀt±v cmK tZzjc-ln-X- am¡n Xsâ \nb-{´- W-¯n-em-¡n-¯oÀ¡in-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. B km[-\Ifn hnth-I-_p-²n-tbm-Sp-IqSn Ww. AXp-t]mse _p²n-tb-¡mÄ Ch-sb-Ãm-¯n-tâbpw a\-Êns\ \nb-{´W hnt[-b-am¡n C{µn-b-§sf hn]-co-Xkzman-bmb alm³ "Bßmhv' _e-hm-\m-Ip-¶p. AXnsâ amÀ¤-¯n \n¶pw AIän `K-hXv {]m]vXn-¡pÅ amÀ¤-§BÚ ]men-¡p-¶-Xn\v Ch-sbÃmw _m²y-Ø-am-W.v AXnfn-tebv¡p \bn-t¡­ Imcyw hyà-am-¡n-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. \m a\p-jyÀ¡v Bß-i-àn-bpsS A\p-`-h-a-dnªv AXpCXn asämcp {]iv\w DÛ-hn-¡p-¶p. kzm`m-hn-I-ambn h-gn-bmbn _p²n apX- emb FÃm-h-säbpw \nb-{´-W-hn-t[ZpjvShpw _e-h-¯p-amb C{µn-b-§sf AXp-IÄ¡n-jS-s¸v b-am-¡n-¯oÀ¡-Ww. «Xpw Ak-¯p-amb amÀ¤-§-fn \n¶pw F{]-Imcw amänhn-Smw. AXn-\m Cu Imcys¯ XmXzn-I-ambn hnth-Nn-¨n«v 11. alXx ]c-a-hy-à-a-hy-àmXv ]pcpj: ]c: C{µn-b-§sf Ak-·mÀ¤-§-fn \n¶pw XSªp `K-hm-\n]pcp-jm¶ ]cw Inw NnÕm ImjvTm km te¡v Xncn-¨p-hn-Sp-¶-Xn-\pÅ D]m-b-§sf \nÀt±-in-¡p-¶p.

K

]cm KXm:

Cu a{´-¯n "Ahyà' ]Zs¯ `K-hmsâ {XnKp-Wa-bn-bmb ssZhn-I-am-bm-i-àn-¡p-th­n {]bp-à-am-¡n-bncn-¡p- ¶p. AXp-t]mse bmsXm- ¶n-\m tamln- X- amb Poh³ `K-hms\ Adn-bp-¶n-Ãtbm AXp-X-s¶- bm-Ip¶p Pohm-ßmv Cu a{´-¯n "]c' F¶ hmIv {]tbmKw _e-hm³ hn-tâbpw ]c-am-ßm-hn³tdbpw CS-b¡pÅ ad. X¡m-cWw-sIm­p Pohm-ßm-hn\p kÀÆ-hym-]nbpw A´-cym-an-bpF¶À°-¯n-em-Ip-¶p. Cu Imcyw {]tXyIw a\-Ên-em-¡Ww. F´p-sIm-s ­-¶ m Imcy-I m-c -W -` m-h -t¯mtSm amb ]c-ta-iz-cs\ \nXyhpw kao-]-Ø- \m- bn- cp- ¶n«pw ImWpkq£va-X-bpsS ZrjvSn-bntem C{µn-b§sf At]-£n¨p hm\pw {Kln-¡p-hm\pw km[n-¡p-¶n-Ã. CXn-s\-bmWv Cu i_vZmZn hnj-b§sf t{ijvTw F¶p ]d-bp-¶Xv bpàn- {]I-c-W-¯n Pohm-ßm-hn-s\-¡mÄ _e-hm-s\¶p ]d-bpbp-à-am-bn-cn-¡p-I-bn-Ã. CXp-t]m-se-Xs¶ "alm³' F¶ ¶- Xv. Pohm-ßm-hn\p kz´w iàn- sIm­v Cu ambsb amäphnti-j-Wt¯m-Sp-IqSn Bßm F¶ ]Zw Pohm-ßm-hns\ ¶-Xn\p Ignbp-¶n-Ã. `K-hms\ icWw {]m]n- ¨pIgnªm Dt±-in-¨p-Å-Xm-Ip¶p; al-Xz- ¯n-sâ-bm-Ip-¶n-Ã. Pohm-ßmhv ¯s¶ At±-l-¯nsâ Ir]m-_-e-¯m AXn\v CXn Ch-s b-à m-¯ n-tâbpw A[n-I m-c n-b m-I p-¶ p. AXn-\m \n¶pw Ic-I- b-dp- hm³ km[n-¡p-¶p. ChnsS "Ahyà' ]ZwAXns\ kw_-Ôn¨v "alm³' F¶ hnti-jWw kÀÆYm sIm­p kmwJy-a-Xm-h-ew-_n-IfpsS "{][m-\-XXzw' kzoI-cn¡-W-sa-¶nÃ; F´p-sIm-s­-¶m Ah-cpsS A`n-{]m-bDNn-X-hp-am-Ip-¶p. Bß-X- Xz-¯nsâ Bi-b-¯n CXnsâ {]tbmKw D­m-Ip-Ibm-sW-¦n Bß-]-Z-{]-tbm-K- ¯nsâ ¯n "{][m\w' kzX-{´- am-Ip-¶p. AXv Bßm-hn-\p-]-cn-bmbmsXm-cm-hiy-I-Xbpw D­m-Ip-am-bn-cp-¶n- Ã. _p²n-XXzw bn-cn-¡p-¶n-Ã. AXp- t]mse Bßm-hn\p t`mKhpw apànbpw AXy´w al-Xz-ap-ÅXp-X-s¶. AXp asämcp Imcyw. XXz- þ c­p-h-kvXp-¡fpw \ÂIn-b-Xnsâ Xm¸cyw C{µn-bhn-Nm-cm-hk-c-¯n CXn bmsXmcp t`Zhpw AwKo-I-cn- §Ä, a\-Êv, _p²n Ch-sb-Ãm-än-sâbpw ta Bßm-hn\v ¡-s¸-Sp-¶n-Ã. CXp IqSmsX apt¼m-«p-h-cp-t¼mÄ \ntcm-[-\- A[n-Im-c-ap-s­-¶m-Ip-¶p. AXn-\m AXp kzbw Ahsb ¯nsâ (Hcp XXzs¯ asäm¶n eo\-am-¡p-t¼mÄ) hni- \nb-{´n¨v `K-hm-\n-tebv¡v B\-bn-¡p-¶p. F¶m Cu Zo-Ic-W-ap-­m-Ip-t¼mÄ Ahn-sSbpw _p²n-bpsS \ntcm- Bßm-hn-s\-¡mÄ _e-h-¯mb asämcp XXzw IqSn-bp-­v. [\w al-¯mb Bßm-hn tNÀ¡p-¶-Xn-\p-th­n ]d-b- AXnsâ \ma-amWv "Ahy- -àX'. NneÀ amb-sb¶pw hnh-

10. C{µn-tb`yx ]cm lyÀ°m AÀt°-`yÝ ]cw a\: a\-kkvXp ]cm _p²nÀ_p-t²-cmßm alm³]cx

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I £n-¡p-¶p. CXn-t\mSp Poh-k-ap-Zmbw taml-_²-cmbn CXnsâ he-bn Ipcp-§p-¶p. CXns\ amän-¡-f-bp-hm³ Pohn-IÄ¡p km[n-¡p-¶n-Ã. AXn-\m CXn-s\-¡mÄ _ehm-\mbn AXnsâ kzman-bm-bn-cn-¡p-¶Xp ]c-a-]p-cp-j-\mb ]c-ta-iz-c-\m-Ip-¶p. At±lw _ew, {Inb, Úm\w BZnbmb FÃm iàn-I-fp-tSbpw A´n-am-h[nbpw {][m-\m-[mchpw BWv. At±- l- s¯- ¯s¶ icWw {]m]n- ¡Ww. At±lw. Zbm-hm-\mbn Cu ambm-cq-]am-Ip¶ adsb kzbw hen¨p amäp-t¼mÄ AtX £Ww Xs¶ `K-hXv {]m]vXn-bp­m-Ipw. Fs´¶m At±lw kZm kÀÆ{X ØnX-\mIp-¶p. kw_Ôw þ Cu Bibw Xs¶ ASp¯ a{´- ¯n H¶pIqSn kv]jvS-am-¡p-¶p.

hntij-¯n F¯n-t¨-c-Ww. XZ-\-´cw kzbw ap³\n-Ýb-a-\p-k-cn¨p im´-ambn Bß-cq-]-amb ]c-{_Ò ]pcp-tjm¯-a-\n hneo-\- am-bn-¯o-cpw. kw_Ôw þ C{]-Imcw ]c-am-ß-kz-cq-]s¯ hÀ®n-¨n«v AXp-t]mse AXns\ {]m]n-¡p-¶-Xp-sIm-­pÅ al-Xzhpw km[-\bpw \nÀt±-in-¨p. C\n {ipXn a\p-jysc {i²m-ep-¡fm-¡n-s¡m­v ]d-bp¶p þ

K

14. D¯n-jvTX Pm{KX {]m]y hcm-¶n-t_m-[X £pcky [mcm \ninXm Zpc-Xybm ZpÀ¤w ]YkvX XvIhtbm hZ-´n.

AÃtbm a\p-jy-tc, \n§Ä P·- P-· m-´ -c-§ -fmbn AÚm\ \n{Z-bn ebn-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. Ct¸mÄ ]cam- ßm-hnsâ Ir]- bm \n§Ä¡v Cu ZpÀÃ` a\p- jy-i-cocw 12. Gj kÀtÆjp `qtXjp KqtVmßm e`n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. CXp e`n-¨Xp-sIm­v C\n Hcp \nanjw \ {]Im-itX t]mepw {]am-Z-¯n \jvS-s¸-Sp-¯-cp-X.v AXn-thKw {i²mZriytX Xz{Kybm _p²ym kq£vabm ep-¡-fm-bn-¯o-cp-hn³. t{ijvT-·m-cmb alm-]p-cp-j-·m-cpsS kq£va ZÀin`n: kao]w sN¶v Ah- cpsS D]-tZiw hgn-bmbn X§-fpsS awKCu ]c-{_-Ò-]p-cp-tjm-¯ -a`Khm³ FÃm-¯n-t âbpw f-amÀ¤hpw ]c-am-ßm-hns\ kw_-Ôn-¨pÅ cl-ky-§fpw A´-cym-an-bm-Ip-¶p. AXn-\m FÃm Pohn-I-fp-tSbpw lrZ- {Kln-¨p-sIm-Åp-I. ]c-am-ß-XXzw hfsc Kl-\am-Ip¶p; b-§-fn hncm-Pn-¨p-sIm-­p-an-cn-¡p-¶p. F¶m kz´w AXnsâ kzcq-]-Úm-\w, X {]m]vXn-¡pÅ amÀ¤w Ch ambm-a-d-bn Hfn-ªn-cn-¡p-¶Xp ImcWw BÀ¡pw At±- alm-ßm-¡-fpsS klm-bw-sIm­pw ]c-am-ß-Ir-]-sIm-­pls¯ Adn-bp-hm³ Ign-bp-¶n-Ã. bmsXm-cp-¯³ `K-hm- a-ÃmsX km[n-¡p-¶-Xv, Xo£vW-amb ITm-cbpsS [mc\n B{i-bn¨v Xsâ _p²nsb Xo£vW-am-¡p-¶pthm bn¡qSn \S-¡p-¶-Xp-t]mse AXy´w ZpkvX- c-am-Ip-¶p. kq£va-ZÀin-bmb Ah-\p-am{Xw `K-hXv Ir]-bm At±- C{]-Imcw ZpÀ¤-a-amb amÀ¤-§-fn¡qSn kpK-a-ambn A¡c-bs¡-¯p-¶-Xn-\pÅ kc-f-amb D]mbw kzbw A¡-scv ls¯ ZÀin-¡p-hm³ Ign-bp-¶p. sb-¯n-¡-gnª A\p-`-hÚm-\n-I-fmb alm-ßm-¡Ä¡p kw_Ôw þ hnth-I-io-e-cmb Bfp-IÄ `K-h-Ñ-cWcmbn am{Xta ]d-ªp-X-cp-hm³ km[n-¡-bp-Åq. F{]-Imcw `K-hXv {]m]vXn-¡p-th­n km[\ A\p-jvTnkw_Ôw þ {_Ò {]m]vXn-¡pÅ amÀ¤w C{Xbv¡p ZpkvX¡Ww þ CXp hnNm-cn-¨p-sIm­p ]d-bp¶p þ c-am-b-sX- -´p-sIm­v? Cu PnÚm-km-]qÀ¯n¡v ]c-amß 13. btÑ-ZzmMv a\ko {]mÚkzcq-]s¯ hÀ®n-¨p-sIm­v AXns\ {Kln-¡p-¶-Xp-sImkvXZy-tÑPv Úm\ Bß\n ­pÅ ^es¯ ]d-bp-¶p.

Úm\-am-ß\n alXn \nbtѯZy-Ñm´ Bß\n

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_p²n-am-·mÀ BZy-am-bn«v hm¡v apX-emb C{µn-b-§sf _mly-hn-j-b-§-fnÂ\n¶pw ]n³h-en¨p a\-ÊnÂXs¶ HXp-¡-Ww. AXm-bXv AXns\ bmsXmcp IÀ½-§fpw sN¿p-hm³ Ign-hn-Ãm¯ Ah-Ø-bn-em-¡-Ww. a\-Ên hnjb§fpsS A¦pcw D­m-Im-Xn-cn-¡-Ww. Cu km[\ icn-bmbn hcp-t¼mÄ a\-Êns\ Úm\-kz-cq-]-amb _p²nbn hneo-\-am-¡-Ww. AXm-bXv GI-am-{Xhpw hnÚm-\kz-cq-]hpw \nÝ-bmXv aI-hp-am-b _p²n-bpsS {]hÀ¯-\§Ä IqSmsX a\- Ênsâ `n¶- k¯ amdp- ¶n-Ã. aäp bmsXmcp hn[-amb Nn´IÄ¡pw CS-am-I-cp-Xv. ChnSw hsc ZrV-amb A`ymkw sNbvXp-I-gn-bp-t¼mÄ Úm\-kz-cq-]-amb _p²nsbbpw Pohm-ßm-hnsâ ip²-amb kzcq-]-¯n hneo-\-am¡Ww; AXm-bXv X¶nÂ\n¶pw `n¶-am-bn, GI-am-{X-amb Bß-X-Xz-an-ÃmsX aäp bmsXmcp hkvXp-hntâtbm kvarXnbp-tStbm IWnI-t]mepw Ahtijn-¡m¯ Ah-Øm-

15. Ai-_vZ-a-kv] Ài-a-cq-] -a-h ybw XYm-ckw \nXy-a-K-Ô-h¨ bXv A\m-Zy-\´w alX: ]cw {[phw \nNm¿ X·r-Xyp-ap-JmXv {]ap-Ny-tX.
Cu a{´-¯n B ]c-{_-Ò]-c-am-ßm-hns\ {]mIr-X- i_vZ, kv]Ài, cq], ck, KÔ-c-ln-X- s\¶p ]d-ªp-sIm­v kmwkm-c n-I -hnjb§sf {Kln-¡ p¶ C{µn-b -§Ä¡v AhnsS hsc F¯p-hm³ Ign-bp-¶n-söp shfn-hm-¡p- ¶p. At±lw \nXy\pw Ahn-\m-inbpw A\m-Znbpw koam-c-lnX\pw BIp-¶p. Pohm-ßm-hnepw t{ijvThpw kÀÆ-Ym-kXyhpw BIp-¶p. At±-ls¯ Adn-ªn«p a\pjyÀ \nXyambn P\-\-a-c-W-§-fnÂ\n¶p tamN\w t\Sp-¶p. kw_Ôw þ D]-tZ-is¯ ]qÀ¯n-bm-¡n-bn«v C\n Cu BJym- \s¯ {ihn-¡p-¶Xpw hÀ®n-¡p-¶Xpw sIm­pÅ amlm- ßys¯ ]d-bp¶p þ

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k^-e-am-¡p-¶-Xn-\p-th­n Ah amÀ¤-ambn \ho\ ip`IÀ½-§sf A\p-jTn-¡p-hm\pw km[n-¡p-¶p. a\p-jy³ v C{µn-b§Ä aqew kzmØy-{]-Zhpw kp_p-²n-Zm-b-Ihpw hnip-²hpw Bb hnj-b§sf kzoI-cn-¨n«p kpJ-amb PohnXw \bn-¨p-sIm­p ]c-am-ßm-hn-¦-tebv¡v F¯n-t¨Cu A²ym-b-¯n \Nn-tI-X-Ên\v ba-cm-P³ \ÂInb cp- ¶-Xn-\pÅ D]m-[n-bm-bn«v C{µn-b-§sf \nÀ½n-¨n- cn-¡p- ¶p. D]- tZiw Hcp ]pXnb Imcy- sam- ¶p-a-Ã, CXp ]c-¼-cm- K-X- amb AXn-\m kzbw-`q-hmb `K-hm³ C{µn-b§-fpsS apJw k\m-X-\-amb D]m-Jym-\-am-Ip-¶p. _p²n-bpÅ a\p-jyÀ shfn-bn-te-¡mbn LSn-¸n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. F¶m hnthI CXns\ hÀ®n¨pw {ihn¨pw {_Ò-tem-I-¯n {]XnjvT iq\y-X-bm A[n-I- am-fpIfpw C¡mcyw {Kln-¡msX hnjt\Sp- ¶p. bm-k -à cpw D·-¯ -c p-a mbn B]mX ca-W o-b - § -fmb ]cnWm-a-§-fn `K-hm-\nÂ\n¶pw AI¶v ZpxJ-tim-Iab 17. b Caw ]caw Kplyw {imh-tbZv \c-I-§-f n F¯n-¡ p-¶ -h-bmb Aip-² -h n-j bt`mK {_Ò-kw-kZn {]bX: {im²-Imte hm XZm-\-´ymb Iev]-tX. §fn Xs¶ apgp-In-¡-gn-bp-¶p. AhÀ A´-cym-an-bmb ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ t\À¡v t\m¡p-¶nà Xs¶. Npcp¡w Nne XZm-\-´ymb Iev]X CXn. _p²n-a m-· mÀ am{Xw kÕw-K w-s Im­pw kzm²ymbw bmsXm-cp-¯³ hnip-²-\m-bn«v {i²-tbm-Sp-IqSn Cu ]c- sIm­pw `K-hXv Ir]-bm Aip-²-hn-jbt`mK§fpsS a-c-l-ky-amb {]`m-j-Ws¯ XXz-hn-th-N-\m-]qÀÆw `K-hXv ]cn-Wm-a-Zpx-J-§sf Adnªv Aar-X- kz-cq-]-\mb ]c-am-ßmt{]an-Ifpw ip²-lr-Zb-cp-amb {_mÒ-W-cpsS kZ-Ên hns\ {]m]n-¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ CÑ-bm t{]cn-X- cmbn _mly tIĸn-¡p-¶pthm AYhm {im²-Im-e- §-fn t`mP\w Ign- hnj-b-kpJ§fnÂ\n¶pw ]n´n-cnªv Ahsb `K-h-Õw¡p¶ {_Ò-Wsc tIĸn-¡p-¶pthm Ahsâ Cu hÀ®- _-Ôn-bmb hnj-b-§-fn {]th-in-¸n¨v A´-cm-ßm-hns\ \-cq-]-amb IÀ½w A\-´-amb ^es¯ {]Zm\w sN¿p-¶- A´-cym-an-bm-b, ]c-am-am-ßm-hns\ ZÀin-¡p-¶p. Xm-Ip-¶p. A\-´-am-Ip-¶-Xn\p kaÀ°-hp-am-Ip-¶p. H¶p2. ]cmN: Imam-\-\p-b´n _memþ IqSn ]d-ªp-sIm­v Cu kn²m-´-¯nsâ \nÝn-X-Xzhpw kvtX artXymÀb´n hnX-Xky ]miw A²ym-b-¯nsâ kam-]Xn-bpsS e£yhpw Ipdn-¡p-¶p. v

16. \mNn-tI-X-ap-]m-Jym\w arXyp-t{]màw k\m-X\w Dàzm {ipXzm N ta[mho {_Ò-temtI alo-b-tX.

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bmsXm-cp-¯³ hnj-b-§-fpsS sh«n-¯n-f-§epw B]mX-cm-a-Wo-b-Ihpw I­n«v Ah-bn Bk-à-\mbn Ahsb {]m]n-¡p- ¶- Xn\pw t`mKn-¡p- ¶-Xn\pw th­n ZpÀÃ- `hpw Aaqey-hp-amb a\p-jy-Po-hn-Xs¯ \in-¸n-¡p-¶pthm Ah³ AXy´w _p²n-lo-\-\m-Ip-¶p. \nÝ-b-ambpw Ah³ kÀÆIm- e- hym- ]n-bmb arXyp-hnsâ ]mi¯m _Ôn-¡-s¸- Sp-¶p. ZoÀL-Imew hsc \m\m-{]-Im-c-§-fn-epÅ tbm\n-I-fn P\\w kzoI-cn-¨p- sIm­pw IqsS-¡qsS acn-¨p-sIm­pw Ccn¡p- ¶p. F¶m _p²n-am-·m-cm-bn-«p-Å-hÀ Cu hnj-b-s¯¸än Kl-\-ambn C§s\ Nn´n-¡p-¶p. Cu C{µn-b-§-fpsS t`mK§sfÃmw PohnIÄ¡p aäp tbm\n-IÄam{Xw k¼m-Zn1. ]cm©n Jm\n hyXr-WXv kzbw-`qþ ¨p-sIm-Sp-¡p- hmt\ ]cym- ]vX- am- I- bp-Åq. a\p-jy- i- cocw FÃmkvXkvamXv ]cm-Mv]-iyXn \m´-cm-ß³ ¯nepw hne-£- W-am- W.v AXnsâ hmkvX-hn- tIm-t±iw hnjIÝn-²o-c x-{]-Xy-Km-ß m-\-ssa£ tbm- ]- t`m-K-¯n- \m- bn-s¡m- ­- Ã. C{]- Imcw Nn´n-¨n«v CXnsâ Zmhr¯ N£pc-ar-XXz anѳ. Dt±iw Aar-X- kz-cq-]\pw \nXy-\p-amb ]c-{_Ò ]c-am-ßmi_vZw, kv]Àiw, cq]w, ckw, KÔw Cu C{µn-b§- hns\ {]m]n-¡p-I-bm-sW¶pw AXv Cu ico- c-¯n¯s¶ fpsS FÃm Øqe-hn-jb-§fpw ]pd-ta-bp-Åhbm-Ip-¶p. e`y-am-Ip-sa¶pw DÅ Imcyw Ah\p a\-Ên-em-Ip-t¼mÄ - CXnsâ bYmÀ°-amb Adn-hn-\p-th-­n-bm-Ip¶p C{µn-b- Ah³ kÀÆ-tXm-`m-h-¯n At±-l-¯n-tebv¡p Xncn-bp§sf cNn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. F´p-sIm-s­-¶m Ch-bpsS Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. ]ns¶ Ah³ Cu hn\mi kz`mh-t¯mÚm\- an- ÃmsX a\p- jyÀ¡v GsX- ¦nepw hnj- b- ¯nsâ cq]- Sp-Iq-Snb PK-¯n £W-`w-Kp-c-§-fmb t`mK§sf {]m]nt¯tbm KpW-t¯tbm Adn-bp-hm³ km[n-¡p-¶n-Ã. AXp- ¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ A`n-em-j-t¯m-Sp-IqSn Ncn-¡p-¶n-Ã. Aht]mse Xs¶ Ahsb bYm-tbmKyw {Kln-¡p-Ibpw XyPn- bn \n¶pw kÀÆYm hnc-à-\m-bn«v AXy´w {i²m-ep¡p-Ibpw sNbvXp. `K-hmsâ C{µn-b-\nÀ½m-tWm-t±-is¯ hmbn ]c-amÀ°-km-[-\-I-fn hym]r-X- \m-bn-¡-gn-bp-¶p. kw_Ôw þ ]c-{_Ò ]c-am-ßmhv FÃm Pohn-I-fnepw ØnXn-sN-¿p-¶p. F¶m Hcp-¯À¡pw ImW-s¸-Sp-¶n-Ã. hfsc hnc- f - a m- b nt« BÀs¡- ¦ nepw kq£va -_ p- ² nbn¡qSn At±-ls¯ ZÀin-¡p-hm³ Ign-bp-¶p-Åq. B {_Ò Xsâ Xs¶ lrZ-b-¯n ØnXn-sN-¿pt¼mÄ FÃmhÀ¡pw Xm´m-§-fpsS _p²n-bm-Ip¶ t\{X-§Ä hgn F´p-sIm­p ImWp-hm³ Ign-bp-¶nÃ? Npcp¡w NneÀ¡v F´p- sIm­p ImWp- hm³ Ign- bp¶p? A§s\ Hcp {]iv\w DZn-¡p-¶p. CXn\p adp-]Sn ]d-bp¶p þ

A²ymbw 2.

AY [ocm Aar-XXzw hnZnXzm [vdph-a-[vdp-th-jznl \ {]mÀ°-b-t´.

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3. tb\ cq]w ckw KÔw i_vZm³ kv]ÀimwÝ ssaYp-\m³ GtX-ss\h hnPm-\mXn Ina{X ]cn-in-jy-tX. GXssZz XXv.
i_vZw, kv]Àiw, ckw, KÔw apX-emb FÃm hn[¯n-epÅ hnj-b-§-fnÂ\n¶pw kv{Xok-lhm-k-¯n \n¶pw e`y-am-Ip¶ kpJ-§fpw a\p-jy\v GsXmcp ]c-atZ-h-\nÂ\n¶pw e`y-am-bn-«pÅ Úm\-i-àn-Zzmcm A\p-`h-ap-­m-Ip-¶pthm At±-l¯m \ÂI-s¸-«n-«pÅ iànsIm-­p-Xs¶ Ch-bpsS £W-`w-Kp-c-XIsf a\-Ên-em-¡p¶p. Cu kpJ-§-fn ChnsS Ahtijn-¡p-¶Xv F´v F¶v Nn´n-¨m Ch-sbÃmw {]Xn-£Ww amdn-s¡m-­n-cn¡p-¶Xpw hn\mi kz`m- h- t¯m-Sp- Iq-Sn- bXpw BsW¶pw a\Ên-em-¡p-hm³ Ign-bp-¶p. Ch-sb-Ãm-¯n- tâbpw ]c-am-Imc-W-\mb GI-am{X ]c-{_Ò ]c-ta-iz-c³ am{Xw \nXy-\mIp-¶p. At±lw BZyw D­m-bn-cp-¶p, Ah-km\w D­mbn-cn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿pw. AXn-\m AÃtbm \Nn-tI-X-tÊ, \n¶m tNmZn- ¡- s¸« {_Ò- XXzw CXp- X-s¶- bm- Ip¶p; AXv FÃm-¯n-tâbpw _m¡nbpw FÃm-¯n³tdbpw A´yhpw AJn- e¯n-tâbpw A[n-]-Xnbpw AJn-e-¯ntâbpw ]ca KXnbpw BIp-¶p.

F¦n Ah\v ]n¶oSv B aln-am- ab kzcq-]s¯ Hcn- ¡epw ad-¡p-hm³ Ign-bp-¶-X-Ã. AXn-\m Ah³ Hcn-¡epw Btcbpw \nµn-¡p-¶n-Ã, BtcmSpw shdp¸pw hntZz-jhpw {]I-Sn-¸n-¡p-¶n- Ã. \Nn-tI- X-tÊ, \o GsXmcp {_Ò- s¯- ¸än tNmZn- ¨n-cn-¡p-¶pthm AXv CXp-X-s¶-bm-Ip-¶p. AXn-s\- ¯s¶-bmWp Rm³ apI-fn hÀ®n¨p Ign-ªn-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. kw_Ôw þ {_lvaw XpS-§n Ømh-c-]-cy´w kI-e-Po-hnIfpw B ]c-{_Ò ]c-ta-iz-c-\m D¸-¶-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. AXm-bXv Fs´- Ãm- apt­m Ah- sbÃmw At±-l-¯nsâ cq]hn-ti-j-§-fm-Ip-¶p. At±-l-¯nÂ\n¶pw `n¶-ambn ChnsS bmsXm¶pw Xs¶bn-à . F´p-sIm-s ­-¶ m Cu k¼qÀ® PK-¯nsâ A`n-¶- \n-an-t¯m-]m-Zm-\- Im-cWw GIam-{X-\mb ]c-ta-iz-c³ Xs¶- bm-Ip¶p; At±lw GI-\m-bn¯s¶ AJn-e-¯nepw IpSn-sIm-Åp-¶p. C\n XÕw-_-Ôambn ]d-bp¶p þ

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6. bx ]qÀÆw X]tkm PmX-aZv`y: ]qÀh-a- P m-b X Kplmw {]hniy XnjvT´w tbm `qtX-`nÀhy-]-iy-X. GXssZz XXv.

bmsXm¶p Pe-¯n \n¶pw D]-e-£n-X-amb ]Ý-a-lm`q-X-§Ä¡pw ap¼v lnc-Wy-KÀ` {_Òm-hnsâ cq]-¯n 4. kz]v\m-´w-Pm-K-cn-Xm´w tNm`u {]Xy-£-am-bn-cp-¶pthm At±lw Xtâ-Xs¶ k¦-ev]-cq-]tb\m-\ p- ]-i yXn amb X]-Ên-\m {]I-S-am-Ip-¶-h\pw AJn- ePo-h-Pm-e-§alm´w hn`p-am-ßm\w aXzm [otcm fp-tSbpw lrZ-b-Kp-lIfn {]hn-jS-\mbn Ah-tbm-Sp-IqSn v \ timN-Xn. kl-h-kn-¡p¶ ]c-ta-iz-c-s\, bmsXm-cp-¯³ At±lw GsXmcp ]c-am-ßm- hnsâ kl- tbm-Kw- sIm­v Cu Pohm- FÃm-h-cp-tSbpw lrZ-b§-f nepw A[n-hkn-¡ p-¶-h\pw ßmhp kz]v\m-h-Ø-bnepw Pm{K-Z-h-Ø-bnepw kw`-hn- FÃm-¯n-tâbpw A´-cym-an-bp-S-amb ]c-ta-iz-c³ Xs¶- bm¡p¶ FÃm kw`h§fp-tSbpw A\p-`hw IqsS-¡qsS Ip-¶p-sh¶pw Cu k¼qÀ® PK¯v At±-l-¯nsâ aln{]m]n-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶pthm Ch-sbÃmw Adn-bp-¶-X n- a-bm {]Im-in-¡p-¶p-sh¶pw {Kln-¡p-¶pthm Ah³ \pÅ iàn CXn\v GsXmcp ]c-{_Ò ]c- ta-iz-c-\nÂ\n¶pw bmYmÀ°y-s¯- ¯s¶ {Kln-¡p-¶p. AJn-e- lr-Z-b-§-fn e`y-am-b n-c n-¡ p-¶ pthm bmsXm-¶ nsâ Ir]-bm Cu A[n-h-kn-¡p-¶-h-\mb km£m ]c-{_Ò ]c-ta-iz-c-s\Pohn¡v AXnsâ (]-c-am-ßm) hnÚm-\iànbpsS Hcwiw ¯-s¶-bmWp \o Adn-hm³ B{K-ln-¨-Xv. {]m]vX -a m-b n-c n-¡ p-¶ p-thm, Ah-b vs ¡-à m-a p- ] -c n-b mbn kw_Ôw þ AtX ]c-{_- Òs¯ C\n AZn-Xn-tZ-hn-bpsS al¯pw kÀÆZm kÀÆ{X hym]vXhpw Bb ]c-{_Ò ]c- cq]-¯n hÀ®n-¡p¶p þ ta- iz-cs\ Adn-bp¶ [oc-]pcpj³ Hcn- ¡epw bmsXmcp Imc7. bm {]mtW\ kw`-h-Xy-Zn-XnÀtZ-h-Xm-abo W-himepw tei-am{Xw t]mepw timIw A\p-`-hn-¡p-¶n-Ã. -

5. b Caw a[zZw thZ Bßm\w Poh-a-´n-ImXv Cuim\w `qX-`hyky \ XtXm hnPq-Kp-]vktX. GXssZz XXv.
bmsXmcp km[-I³ AJne Poh {]Zm-b-I\pw Pohn-IfpsS ]c-a-Po-h\pw Ahsb kz´w IÀ½-^ew A\p-`-hn¸n-¡p-¶-h\pw `qXw, hÀ¯-am-\w, `mhn F¶o PK-¯p-¡fpsS GI-am{X `c-Wm-[n-Im-cnbpw Bb ]c-{_Ò ]c-ta-izcs\ ""A´-cym-an-bmbn \nc-´cw Xsâ kao-]-¯nepw lrZb-¯nepw ØnXn-sN-¿p¶p F¶p {Kln-¡p-¶p-thm, AXpt]m-se-Xs¶ At±lw FÃm-h-cp-tSbpw lrZ-b§-fnepw hkn-¡p¶p F¶pw kzm`m-hn-I-ambn A\p-am-\n-¡p¶p

Kplmw {]hniy XnjvT´ow bm `qtX-`nÀhy-Pm-b-X. GXssZz XXv.
kÀÆ tZh-Xm-a-bn-bmb `K-hXn AZn-Xn-tZhn Gähpw BZyw B ]c-{_-Ò- ¯nsâ k¦-ev]-¯nÂ\n¶pw FÃm PK¯n-tâbpw Poh\ iàn-tbm-Sp-IqSn DÛ-hn¨pw FÃm PohnI-tfbpw _oP-cq-]-t¯m-Sp-IqSn Xt¶m-Sp-tNÀ¯pw {]Xy-£am-bn-cp-¶p. lrZ-bq-c-]-am-Ip¶ Kpl-bn {]hn-jvS-bmbn Ahn- sS-¯s¶ hkn-¡p¶ B `K-h-Xn, `K-hmsâ ANn´y alm-i- àn, `K-hm-\nÂ\n¶pw kÀÆYm A`n-¶-am-Ip¶p; `Khm-sâbpw Ah-fp-sSbpw iàn- bn bmsXmcp hyXym-khp-an-Ã. `K-hm³ Xs¶ iàn-cq-]¯n FÃm-h-cp-tSbpw lrZ- b - § - f n {]th- i n- ¨ n- c n- ¡ p- ¶ p. \Nn- t I- X - t Ê,

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I GsXm¶ns\-¸än \o PnÚm-kp-hm-bn-cp-¶pthm AXp Xs¶
B ]c-{_-Ò-am-Ip-¶p.

AYhm þ P\-\o-cq-]-¯n kakvX tZh-Itfbpw krjvSn¨-Xp-I m-cWw AhÄ kÀÆ-tZ-h-Xm-a -bn-bmbn; i_vZmZn kakvX t`mK kaq-l§sf `£n-¡p-¶-h-fm-bXp-sIm­v Ah-fpsS \maw AZnXn F¶mbn. AhÄ lnc-Wy-KÀ` cq]amb {]mW-t\m-Sp-IqSn {]I-S- am-Ip-Ibpw kakvX `qX-{]m-WnI-tfmSp IqSn-¯s¶ bmsXm-¶nsâ {]mZpÀ`mhw D­m-IpIbpw AXp-t]m-se-Xs¶ bmsXm¶v FÃm `qX-{]m-Wn-I-fptSbpw lrZ-bKp-l-I-fn {]hn-jvS-bmbn AhnsS ØnXnsN-¿p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶pthm B ]c-ta-iz-csâ alm-iàn hmkvX-h-¯n At±-l-¯nsâ {]XoIw Xs¶-bm-Ip-¶p. kzbw ]c-ta-iz-c³Xs¶ Cu cq]- ¯n Xs¶- ¯s¶ {]IS-am-¡n-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. \Nn-tI-X-tÊ, \o Adn-bp-hm-\m-{K-ln¡p¶ {_Òw CXp-X-s¶-bm-Ip-¶p.

10. btZ-thl XZ-ap{X bZ-ap{X XZ-\znl artXym: k arXyp-am-]vt\mXn b Cl \mt\h ]iy-Xn.

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8. Ac-tWymÀ\n-lntXm PmX-thZm KÀ` Ch kp`rtXm KÀ`n-Wo`n: Znth Znh CutUym PmKr-h-Zv`nÀl-hn-jva-Zv`nÀ a\p-tjy-`n-c-án:. GXssZz XXv.

KÀ`n-Wn-bmb kv{XobnÂ\n¶pw ip²-amb A¶- ]m-\mZn-IÄ kzoI-cn¨v ]cn-]p-jvS-\mb _me³ F{]-Imcw KÀ`11. a\-ssk-th-Z-am-]vXhyw t\l ¯n Hfn-ªn- cn-¡p- ¶pthm AtX- {]-Im- cw-Xs¶ kÀÆ-Ú\m\mkvXn InwN\ \mb Aán-`K-hm³ Ac-Wn-¯-SnIfpsS CS-bn Hfn-ªnartXymx k arXypw KÑXn b Cl \mt\h cn-¡p-¶p. AXp-t]mse Aán-hn-Zysb {Kln-¨n-«pÅ ]cn-{i]iy-X n. an-Ifpw {i²m-ep-¡fpw FÃm Ah- iy-km-a{Ko k¼-¶-cp-amb ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ ]c-a-XXzw ip²-lr-Z-b -t¯m-Sp-IqSn a\p-jy-K-W-§Ä {]Xn-Zn\w Bsc kvXpXn-¡p-Ibpw BZ-cn¯s¶ C{]-Imcw {Kln-¡p-hm³ Ignbp-¶p. Cu PK-¯n ¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶pthm B Aán-tZ-h³ kÀÆ-Ú-\mb ]c-ta-iz- csâ {]Xo-Iw-X-s¶-bm-Ip-¶p. \Nn-tI-XtÊ! \o GI-am{X ]c-am-ßm-hp-Xs¶ ]cn-]qÀ®-\m-Ip-¶p. FÃmw At±-l-¯nsâ cq]w-X-s¶-bm-Ip-¶p. ChnsS ]c-am-ßmtNmZn-¨Xmb km£m ]c-{_Òw CXp-X-s¶- bm-Ip-¶p. hnÂ\n¶pw `n¶-ambn bmsXm-¶p-an-Ã. bmsXm-cp-¯³ 9. bX-tÝm-tZXn kqtcymkvXw b{X N KÑXn ChnsS hn`n-¶-Xsb ZÀin-¡p¶p F¦n B a\p-jy³ XwtZhm: kÀth AÀ¸n-Xm-kvXZp \mtXyXn arXyp-hnÂ\n¶pw arXyp-hn-s\-¯s¶ {]m]n-¡p¶p; IqsSIÝ\. GXssZz XXv. ¡qsS P\n-¡p-Ibpw acn-¡p-Ibpw sNt¿-­- Xmbn hcp-¶p. GsXmcp ]c-ta-iz-c-\n \n¶pw kqcy-tZ-h³ {]Xy-£\m-Ip-Ibpw Fhn-sS-s¨¶v hne-b\w {]m]n-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p¶pthm bmsXm-cp-¯sâ aln-a-bn \n¶p-Xs¶ kqcy-tZhsâ DZ-bm- kvX- a- b-eo- eIÄ \nb- a- ]qÀÆw \S- ¡p-¶pthm B ]c-{_-Ò-¯n¯s¶ k¼qÀ®-tZ-h³ {]hn-jS-\m-Ip¶p; v FÃmw AXn¯s¶ ØnXn-sN-¿p-¶p. BÀ¡pw B kÀÆm-ß-Ihpw kÀÆ-a-bhpw FÃm-¯n-sâbpw BZnbpw A´hpw B{i-b- Øm-\-hp- amb ]c-ta-iz-csâ aln-a-tbbpw hyh-Ø-tbbpw DÃw-Ln-¡p-hm³ km²y-a-Ã. kÀÆ-tXm-`mh-t¯m-Sp-IqSn FÃmw Ft¸mgpw At±-l-¯nsâ A[o-\¯n At±-l-¯n- sâ-X-s¶ `c-W- ¯n Ign-ªp-Iq-Sp-¶p. BÀ¡pw Xs¶ At±-l-¯nsâ aln-asb IS- ¶p- t]m- Ip- hm³ km[n-¡p-¶n-Ã. \o tNmZn-¨-Xmb km£m {_Òw B iànam-\mb ]c-{_-Ò]p-cp-tjm-¯-a-\m-Ip-¶p. -

bmsXm¶v kÀÆ-i-àn-am-\m-bn, kÀÆm-´-cym-an-bm- bn, AJn- e¯n-tâbpw ]c-a-Im-c-W-\mbn ØnXn-sN-¿p¶ ]c{_-Ò- ]p-cp-tjm-¯-a³ ChnsS Cu ]rYznbn¯-s¶- bp­v; AXp-Xs¶ AhnsS ]c-tem-I-¯n-epw, AXm-bXv tZh-KÔÀÆmZn hn`n-¶-tem-I -§-fn-epw, ImW-s¸-Sp-¶p. XYm bmsXm¶v Ahn-sS-bpt­m AXp-Xs¶ Chn- sS-bp-ap- ­v. Htc ]c-am-ßm-hp-Xs¶ AJne {_Òm-WU-§-fnepw hym]vX-\mv bn-cn-¡p-¶p. bmsXmcp-¯³ B Htc ]c-{_-Òs¯ eoebnÂ\n¶pw \m\m \ma-§-fnepw cq]-§-fnepw {]Im-in-¡p¶- Xp- I­v taml- hn- h-i-\mbn AXn \m\m- Xzs¯ hn`m- h\w sN¿p-¶p-sh-¦n Ah\p ho­pw arXyp-hn\v A[o-\-\m-tI­- Xmbn hcp-¶p. Ah³ kzm`m-hn-I-ambpw P·-a-c-W-N{I¯nÂ\n¶pw tamN\w t\Sp-¶n-Ã. AXm-bXv GI-\mb ]c{_-Ò-]-c-ta-iz-c³ Xsâ ANn-´y-i-àn-tbm-Sp-IqSn \m\m cq]-§-fn {]I-S-am-Ip-¶-Xn\pw Cu {]]©w apgp-h³ AI¯pw ]pd¯pw B Htc ]c-am-ßm-hn-\m¯s¶ hym]vX-am-Ip-¶-Xn-\p-apÅ Imc-Whpw At±-l-¯nsâ kzcq]-hn-tijw Xs¶- sb¶v ZrV-Xm-]qÀÆw a\-Ên-em-¡-Ww.

12. AwKp-jvT-am{X: ]pcptjm a[y Bß\n XnjvTXn Cuimt\m `qX-`hyky \ XtXm hnPp-Kp-]vk-tX. GXssZz XXv.
A´-cym-an-bmb ]c-ta-iz-c³ `qX hÀ¯-am\ `mhn-Im-e§-en kw`-hn-¡p¶ FÃm Pohn-Ifp-Sbpw `c-Wm-[n-Im-cnbm-Ip-¶p, kam-\-`m-h-¯m kÀÆZm kÀÆ{X ]cn-]qÀ®\m-Ip-¶p. F¶n-cp-¶mepw lrZ-b¯n At±-l-¯nsâ Øm\w alXztadn-b-sX¶p Icp-X-s¸-Sp-¶p. ]c-ta-iz-c³ bmsXmcp Øqe-kq-£vam-Im-c-hn-ti-j-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-Xm-bncn-¡p-¶n-Ã. F¶m ØnXn-¡-\p-k-cW-ambn At±lw FÃm BIm-c-§Ä¡pw AXo-X-\m- Ip-¶p. £p{Z- §- fmb Fdp¼p-I-fpsS lrZ-b-¯n AXnsâ lrZ-bm-Im-c-¯nsâ ]cn-

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I Wm-a-¯n hncm-Pn-¡p-¶p. a\p-jy-lr-Zbw AwKp-jvT-]-cnWm-a- ¯n- ep- Å-Xm-Ip-¶p. a\p-jy³ ]c- am- ßm- hns\ {]m]n-¡phm³ Ah-Im-in-bm-bn-¯s¶ Icp-Xp-¶p. AXn-\m a\pjy- lr-Zbw ]c-{_Ò ]c-ta-iz- csâ D]-e-_[n- ¡pÅ Øm\v ambn IW-¡m-¡-s¸-Sp-¶p. AXn-\m ChnsS a\p-jy-cpsS lrZ-b-]-cn-am-W-a-\p-k-cn¨v ]c-ta-iz-cs\ AwKp-jvS-am-{X-amb Af- hn hn`m- h\w sN¿p- ¶p. C{]-Imcw ]ctaizcs\ Xsâ lrZ-b-¯n ØnXn- sN- ¿p- ¶-Xm-bn-¡m-Wp-¶- h³, C{]-Imcw FÃm-h-cp-tSbpw lrZ-b¯n At±lw hncm-Pn-¡p¶p F¶p kzm`m-hn-I-ambn [cn-¡p-¶p. X¡m-cWw Ah³ ]n¶oSv Btcbpw \nµn-¡p-Ibpw shdp-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶nÃ. \Nn-tI-XtÊ! GsXm-¶n-s\-¸än \o tNmZn-¨pthm AXv Cu ]c-{_-Ò-am-Ip-¶p.

{_Ò-temIw {]m]n-¡p-hm³ km[y-a-Ã.

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15. btYm-ZIw ipt² ip²-am-knàw XmZr-tKh `hXn Ghw apt\Àhn-Pm-\X Bßm `hXn KuX-a.
F¶m ag-bpsS \nÀ½-e-Pew \nÀ½-e-am-bn-¯s¶ hÀjn-¡p-I-bm-sW-¦n AXv AtX-£Ww Xs¶ ]hn-{Xam- bn-¯o-cp-am-bn- cp-¶p. AXn bmsXmcp hnIm- c-§-fp-ap- ­mI-bn-Ã, Hcn-S-t¯bv¡pw NnX-dn-t¸m-Ip-Ibn-Ãm-bn-cp-¶p. CXpt]m-se-Xs¶ AÃtbm KuX-a-hw-io-b-\mb \Nn-tI-X-tÊ, Cu ImWp-¶-sXÃmw ]c-{_Ò ]pcp-tjm-¯-a³ Xs¶ F¶pÅ XXzw \¶mbn {Kln-¡p¶ a\-\-io-e³ þ {]]-©¯nsâ _mly-c q-] -§ Ä¡p-] -] -c - X -\ mb ]pcp-j - s â, Bßmhp ]c-{_-Ò-¯n ebn¨v AXn- t\m- Sp-IqSn XmZmßyw {]m]n-¡p-¶p.

13. AwKp-jvT-am{X: ]pcptjm tPymXn-cn-hm[q aI: Cuimt\m `qX-`hyky k GhmZy k D iz: GXssZz XXv.
a\p-jysâ lr-Z-b-Kp-l-bn ØnXn-sN-¿p¶ Cu AwKpjvT-am{X ]pcp-j³ `qXw, `mhn, hÀ¯-am\w CXp-Isf \nb{´n-¡ p¶ kzX- {´- ` -c -W m-[ n- I m- c n- b m- I p- ¶ p. Ct±lw tPymXnÀa-b \pw BIp-¶p. kqcy-t\bpw Aán-tbbpw t]mse DjvW-{]-Im- in-bm-bn-cn-¡p- ¶p-an-Ã. F¶m Znhyhpw im´-hp-a mb {]Im-i-t¯m-Sp-IqSnbh-\m-Ip-¶p. euInI tPymXn-Êp-I-fn [qa-cq]w tZmj-I-c-am-Ip-¶p. CXv [qa-cln-Xhpw tZmj-cln-Xhpw kÀÆYm hnip-²-Úm-\-kz-cq]hpw BIp-¶p. aäp tPymXn-Êp-IÄ hf-cp-Ibpw Xf- cp-Ibpw bYm-k-abw AW-bp-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. F¶m CXv Cs¶§- s\tbm AX-t]m-se \msfbpw ØnXn-sN-¿p- ¶p. CXnsâ GI-c-kX \nXyhpw A£p-®-hp-am-Ip-¶p. CXv Hcn-¡epw Ipd-bp-¶n-Ã, Hcn-¡epw hf-cp-¶n-Ã. Hcn-¡epw \in-¡p-¶nÃ. \Nn-tI-XtÊ! Cu ]cn-hÀ¯-\-c-ln-X\pw Ahn-\m-in-bpamb ]c-ta-iz-c-s\-¸-än-¯s¶ \o tNmZn-¡p-¶p.

1. ]pc-ta-Im-Z-i -Zzm-c-a-P-kym-h -{I-tN-Xk: A\p-jvTmb \ timNXn hnap-àÝ hnap-Ny-tX. GXssZz XXv.
a\pjyi-co-c- am-Ip¶ \Kcw c­p- I-®p- IÄ, c­p sNhnIÄ, c­p \mkm-Zzm-c-§Ä, Hcp apJw, {_Ò-c-{Ôw, \m`n, KpZw, iniv\w þ F¶o ]Xn-s\m¶p hmXn-ep-I-tfmSp IqSn-bXm-Ip-¶p. CXv kÀÆ-hym-]nbpw Ahn-\m-inbpw AP-·mhpw \nXy-\pw, \nÀhn-Im-c-\pw, GI-c-k\pw, hnip² Úm\-kzcq-]-\p-amb ]c-ta-iz-csâ \K-c-am-Ip-¶p. At±lw kÀÆ-{X ka- `m-h-\-tbm-Sp- IqSn F¶mfpw ]cn-]qÀ®- \m-bn- cp-¶p- sIm­v Xsâ cmP-[m-\n-bmb Cu a\p-jy-i-co-c-¯nsâ lrZb {]mkm-Z-t¯msS cmPm-hn-\p-Xpeyw hnti-j-cq-]-¯n hncmPn-¨p- sIm-­n-cn- ¡p-¶p. Cu cl-kys¯ {Kln¨p Pohn-¡p¶ bmsXm- cp- ¯³ `P-\-ka-c- Wm- Zn-km-[-\-IÄ A\p-jvTn¨p \Kv c-¯nsâ alm-[n-Im-cn-bmb ]c-ta-iz-cs\ \nc-´cw Nn´n¨pw [ym\n¨pw Ign-bp-¶pthm Ah³ Hcn-¡epw timIw A\p-`-hn-¡p-¶nÃ; Ah³ timI-Im-c-W-§-fmb kwkm-c_Ô\-§-fnÂ\n¶pw tamN\w t\Sn Poh- ·p-à-\m- Ip-Ibpw ico-c-Xym-K-¯n\ptijw hntZ-l-bp-à-\mbn `hn-¡bpw sN¿p¶p; ]c-am-ßm-hn hnebw {]m]n¨v P\-\-a-cW N{I¯nÂ\n¶pw Fs¶- t¶-¡p- ambn tamN\w t\Sp-¶p. \o Adnbp-hm³ th­n tNmZn-¨Xv Cu kÀÆ-hym-]-I-\mb ]c-{_Ò-s¯-¸-än-bm-Ip- ¶p.

14. btYm-ZIw ZpÀtK hrjvSw ]ÀÆ-tXjp hn[m-h Xn Ghw [À½m³ ]rYIv ]iyw-kvXm-t\-hm-\p-þhn-[ m- h -Xn.

ag- shÅw H¶p-am-{X- ta-bp-Åp. F¶m AXv AXyp-¶X-§-fmb ]ÀÆ-X-§-fnepw sImSp-ap-Sn-I-fnepw hÀjn-¡pt¼mÄ AhnsS AXp X§n- \n¡p- ¶n- Ã. AXn-thKw Xmgv¶- kw_Ôw þ C\n B ]c- ta- iz-csâ kÀÆ- cq- ]s¯ kv]jvSo`m-K-§-fn-te¡p HgpIn hn`n¶ hÀ®-§-fnepw BIm-c-¯n- I-cn-¡p-¶ p. epw, KÔ-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Snbpw \mep `mK-§-fn-tebv¡pw NnX2. lwkx ipNn-jZv hkp-c-´-cn-£-kþ dn-t¸m-Ip-¶p. CtX {]Im-cw-Xs¶ Htc ]c-am-ßm-hnÂ\n¶pw t²mXm thZn-j-Z-Xn-YnÀZp-tcm-WkXv DÛ-hn¨ hn`n¶ kz`m-h-§- tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb tZhm-kpc a\p-jym\rjZv hc-k-Zr-XkZv thyma-k-Z_vPm Zn-IÄ ]c-am-ßm- hns\ {]tXyIw {]tXyIw hn`m-h\w sNbvXv tKmPm-EXPm A{ZnPm EXw-_r-l-Xv. At±-l-¯n\v D]m-k-\-Ifpw ]qPm-Zn-Ifpw sNbvXv Ahcpw NnX-dn-t¸mb Pe-¯n\p Xpeyw hn`n¶ tZhm-kp-cm-Zn-I-fpsS {]mIrX KpW-§Ä¡-Xo-Xhpw Znhy-hn-ip-²-hp-amb ]ctemI-§-fnepw AXp-t]m-se-Xs¶ \m\m-{]-Im-c-§-fn-epÅ a-[m-a-¯n hncm-Pn-¡p¶ kzbw {]Im-in-bmb ]c-{_-Òtbm\n-I-fnepw Aeªp Xncn-tb-­-Xm-bn-h-cp-¶p. Ah\v

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I ]p-cp-tjm-¯-a³ Xs¶ A´-co-£-¯n k©-cn-¡p¶
hkp F¶p t]cpÅ tZh-\m-Ip¶p; At±lw Xs¶ AXnYn-bpsS cq]-¯n Krl-Øsâ `h-\¯n BK-X-\mIp¶p; At±lw Xs¶ bÚ-th-Zn-bn {]Xn-jvTn-X-am-bncn-¡p¶ tPymXnÀab Aánbpw AXp-t]mse Xs¶ AXn BlqXn \S-¯p¶ tlmXmhpw BIp-¶p. At±lw Xs¶ FÃm a\p-jy-cpsS cq]-¯nepw ØnXn-sN-¿p-¶p. a\p-jysc At]-£n¨v t{ijvT-·m-cmb tZh-·m-cp-tSbpw ]nXr-¡-fptSbpw cq]-¯n ØnXn-sN-¿p-Ibpw kXy-¯n A[n-jTnv X-am-bn-cn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. At±lw Xs¶ Pe-¯n aÕy-ambpw iwJmbpw ipàn-bmbpw {]I-S-am-Ip-¶p. ]rYznb n  h r £ - a m bp w A ¦ p - c - a m bp w A ¶ - a mb p w Huj[nbmbpw bÚmZn k¡À½-§-fn \m\m-hn-[-§fn-ep-apÅ bÚ ^e-§-fpsS cq]-¯nepw ]ÀÆ-X-§-fn \Zn apX-em-b-h-bpsS cq]-¯nepw {]I-S-am-Ip-¶p. At±lw FÃm ho£-W-¯nepw FÃm-¯nepw t{ijvThpw al¯pw ]ca kXy-X-Xzhpw BIp-¶p.

kw_Ôw þ C\n Xmsg-¸-d-bp¶ c­p a{´-§-fn-embn bacm-P³ \Nn-tI-X-Ên-\m tNmZn-¡-s¸« XXzs¯ ho­pw asämcp {]Im-c- ¯n hÀ®n-¡m-sa¶p {]XnÚ sN¿p- ¶p.

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5. \ {]mtW\ \m]m-t\\ aÀtXym PohXn IÝ\ CX-tcW Xp Poh´n bkvan-t¶-Xm-hp-]m-{in-Xu. 6. l´ X CZw {]h-£yman Kplyw {_Ò k\m- X \w bYm N acWw {]m]y Bßm `hXn KuX-a.
ba-cm-P³ ]dªp þ ""\Nn-tI-XtÊ Hcp Znhkw \nÝb-ambpw arXyp-ap-J-¯n Ft¯-­-h-cmb Cu a\p-jym-ZnPo-hm-IÄ {]mW-tâbpw A]m-\-tâbpw iàn-sIm­p Pohn¨n-cn-¡p-¶n-Ã. Chsb Pohn-¸n-¡p-¶Xv asämcp tNX-\m-X-Xzam-W.v Pohm-ßmhv AXm-Ip-¶p. Cu {]mW\pw A]m-\\pw c­pw B Pohm-ßm-hns\ B{i-bn¨p Ign-bp-¶p.''

Pohm-ßm-hns\ IqSmsX Ahbv¡v Hcp £Ww t]mepw \ne-\n¡p-hm³ Ign-bp-¶n-Ã. Pohm-ßmhp IS-¶p-t]m-Ipt¼mÄ Ch am{X-aà Ch-tbm-sSm¯v FÃm C{µn-b-§fpw ico-c-¯n \nb-am-\p-kr-X-ambn A\-h-cXw {]mWm-]m- AXns\ A\p-k-cn¨p IS-¶p-t]m-Ip-¶p. C\n ac-Wm-\-´cw \m-Zn-I-fpsS {Inb \S-¶p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. Cu PU-hkXp- Cu Pohm-ßm-hn-s\-´p-kw-`hn-¡p¶p? AXv Ft§m-«p-t]m- v ¡-fn ImW-s¸-Sp¶ {Inbm-io-eX B ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ Ip¶ XYm F{]-Imcw hkn-¡p¶p F¶pw Rm³ ]d-ªpiànbpw t{]c-W-bpw-sIm­p kw`-hn-¡p-¶p. At±lw X-cmw. AtXm-Sp-IqSn ]ca cl-kyhpw kÀÆ-hym-]nbpw Xs¶ am\-h-lr-Z-b-§-fn cmPm-hn\p Xpeyw hncm-Pn-¨p- kÀÆm-[m-chpw kÀÆm-[n-]-Xnbpw Bb ]c-{_Ò ]c-ta-izsIm­v {]mWs\ apIfntebv¡pw A]m-\s\ Xmtgbv¡pw csâ kzcq]w F´m-sW¶pw ]d-ªp-X-cmw. XÅns¡m-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. C{]-Imcw At±lw ico-c¯n- \p7. tbm\n-at\y {]]-Zyt´ ico-c-Xzmb tZln\x Ån kw`-hn-¡p¶ FÃm hym]m-c-§-tfbpw kpNm-cp-cq-]ØmWp-at\y\pkw-b´n bYm-I À½ ¯n {Iao-I-cn-¡p-¶p. lrZ-b-Ø n-X-\mb B ]c-a-`-P-\ob bYm-{ip-Xw. ]c- {_-Ò- ]p-cp-tjm-¯-as\ FÃm tZh-X- Ifpw D]m-kn-¨p-sIm­n-cn-¡p-¶p. ico-c-Øn-X-amb {]mW³, a\-Ê,v _p²n apXba-cm-P³ ]d-bp¶p þ ""Ah-\-hsâ ip`m-ip-`-IÀ½emb FÃm C{µn-b-§-fp-tSbpw A[n-jvTm-\-tZ-h-X-IÄ B §Ä¡- \p-k-cn¨pw imkv{Xw, Kpcp, kwKw, ]Tn¸v apX-em]c-ta-iz-cs\ {]km-Zn-¸n-¡p-¶-Xn-\p-th­n Ah-bpsS t{]cb-h-bv¡-\p-k-c-Wambn I­pw tI«pw D­mb `mh-§W-b-\p-k-cn¨v \nXyhpw {i²-tbm-Sp-IqSn ka-kvXIm-cy-§fnÂ\n¶pw \nÀ½n-X-amb A´y-Ime hmk-\-b\p-k-cn¨p tfbpw bYm-hn[n {Iao-I-cn-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. ac-Wm-\-´cw F{Xtbm Pohm-ß¡fmIs« aäp icocw [cn¡p-¶-Xn-\p-th­n hocy-t¯m-Sp-IqSn amXm-hnsâ tbm\n4. Aky hn{kw kam-\ky bn {]th-in-¡p-¶p. Ch-cn BcpsS ]pWy-]m-]§Ä ico-c-Øky tZln\x Xpey-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm AhÀ a\p-jy-cp-tSbpw BÀ¡p tZlm-Zzn-ap-Ny-am-\ky Ina{X ]cn-in-jy-tX. ]pWyw Ipd-hm- bn-cn-¡p- Ibpw ]m]w A[n-I-am- bn-cn-¡p-Ibpw GXssZz XXv. sN¿p-¶pthm AhÀ ]£n-ar-Km- Zn-I-fpsS icocw kzoI-cn¨p Hcp ico-c-¯nÂ\n¶pw asäm-¶n-te-b¡pÅ Ka-\-kz-`mv P\n-¡p-Ibpw ]m]w AXy-[n-I-am-bpÅ At\Iw t]À h-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Snb tZln (Po-hm-ßm-hv) Cu hÀ¯-am-\-i-cocw Ømh-c-`m-h-t¯bpw (hr-£w, eX, XrWw, ]ÀÆ-Xw apXhn«p-t]m- Ip-t¼mÄ AXn-t\m-Sp-IqSn C{µn-b-§fpw {]mW\pw em-bh) {]m]n¨p P\n-¡p-¶p.'' IS-¶p- t]m-Ip-¶p. At¸mÄ Cu arX-i-co-c-¯n F´hti jn-¡p¶p? ImgvN-s¡m¶pw Ahtijn-¡p-¶-Xm-bn-¡m-W- kw_Ôw þ ba-cm-P³ Pohm-ßm-hnsâ KXnbpw ]c-am-ßms¸-Sp-¶n-à . F¶m kÀÆZm kam-\-`m-h -t¯m-Sp-IqSn hnsâ kzcq-]hpw þ Cu c­p kwK-Xn-Ifpw ]d-bm-sa¶p kÀÆ{X ]cn-]qÀ®-\m-bn-cn- ¡p¶ B ]c-{_Ò ]c- ta-iz-c³ {]XnÚ sNbvXn-cp-¶p. CXn ac-Wm-\´cw Pohm-ßmtNX-\-bnepw Pohn-X-¯nepw PU-¯nepw þ FÃm-¯nepw hnsâ KXn F´m-bn-¯o-cp¶p? AXp ]d-ªn«v Imcy-§Ä kZm hym]vX- \m-Ip-¶p, AXv Ah-ti-jn-¡p-¶p. \o Adn-b- ]d-bp¶p þ W-sa-¶m-{K-ln-¡p¶ ]c-{_Òw CXp-X-s¶- bm-Ip-¶p.

3. DuÀ[zw{]m-Wap-¶-b -Xy-]m\w {]Xy-K-kyXn at[y hma-\-am-ko\w hntiz tZhm D]m-ktX. -

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8. b Gj kp]vtXjp PmKÀ¯n Imaw Imaw ]pcptjm \nÀ½n-amWx XtZhip{Iw XZv {_Ò XtZ-hm-arXapNy-tX. Xkvanw-tÃmImx {inXmx kÀtÆ XZp \mtXyXn IÝ-\. GXZv ssh XXv.
Pohm-ßm-hn³sd IÀ½-§-f-\p-k-cn¨v \m\m-{]-Im-c-§-fnepÅ t`mK-§sf \nÀ½n-¡p-¶- h\pw Ahsb bYm-tbmKyw hyhØ sN¿p-¶ -h-\p-amb Cu ]c-a-]p-cp-j]-c-ta-iz-c³ kakvX Pohn-Ifpw \n{Z-bn-em-­-Xn\p taepw {]f-b-Im-e¯n FÃm-¯n-tâ-bpw, Úm\w ep]vX-am-bn-¯o-cp-t¼mÄ) kz´-amb aln-a-bn \nXyw Pm{K-¯m-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. At± lw kzbw Úm\ kzcq-]-\m-Ip-¶p. bmsXm-cp-¯sâ Úm\w kZm GI-c-kam-bn-cn-¡p-¶p-thm, Hcn-¡epw IqSpItbm Ipd-bp-Itbm ep]vX-am-Ip-I tbm sN¿m-Xn-cn-¡p¶pthm AXp-Xs¶ ]c-a-ip-²-Zn-hy-X- Xzw BIp¶p; AXpXs¶ ]c-{_-Ò-am-Ip-¶p. AXn-s\-¯s¶ Úm\n-I-fmb alm-ßm-¡Ä hgn-bmbn {]m]y-amb ]c-am-ar-X-kz-cq-]-]-c-am\µw F¶p ]d-b-s¸-Sp¶p. Cu k¼qÀ®-temIw AXns\ B{i-bn¨p \ne-\n¡p-¶p. AXn-\-¡sc BÀ¡pw F¯phm³ Ign-bp-¶-Xà þ BÀ¡pw AXnsâ \nb-a-§sf AXn{I-an-¡p-hm³ Ign-bp-¶n-Ã. FÃmw kÀÆZm GI-am-{X-amb AXnsâ `c-W-¯n³ Iogn Ign-bp-Ibpw AXn-\-[o-\-ambn-cn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. BÀ¡pw AXnsâ aln-a-bpsS A¡-c -¡ -S -¡ p-hm³ km²y-a-à . GsXm-¶ n-s \-¸än \o Ft¶mSp tNmZn- ¨pthm B {_Ò- XXzw AXp-Xs¶bmIp-¶p. kw_Ôw þ C\n Aán-bpsS ZrjvSm-´-¯m B ]c-{_Ò-]-c-ta-iz-csâ hym]-I-X-tbbpw \nÀte-]-X-tbbpw hÀ®n¡p-¶p.

{]-Im-c-¯n-epÅ BÝ-cy-a-b-§-fmb iàn-bm k¼-¶-ambn-cn-¡p-¶p. kw_Ôw þ Cu Imcyw Xs¶ hmbp-hns\ ZrjvSm-´o-I-cn¨p-sIm­p ]d-bp¶p þ

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10. hmbpÀb-ssYtIm `ph\w {]hnjvtSm cq]w cq]w {]Xn-cqt]m _`qh GI-kvXYm kÀÆ-`q-X m-´-c mßm cq]w cq]w {]Xn-cqt]m _lnÝ
Htc hmbp-Xs¶ Ahy-à-cq-]-¯n {_ÒmWvUw apgph³ hym]n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. F¶n-cp-¶mepw hnhn[ hkvXp ¡fpsS kwtbm-K- ¯nÂ\n¶pw AtX hkvXp¡Ä¡\p-cq]-amb KXnbpw iànbpw {]I-Sn-¸n-¡p-¶p. AtX-{]-Imcw Xs¶ Pohn-I-fnse A´-cym-an-bmb ]c-ta-iz-c³ GI-\m-bncp-¶n«pw AtX Pohn-Isf kw_- Ôn-¨n-S-t¯mfw {]tXyIw {]tXy-I-amb iànbpw KXnbpw {]I-S-am-¡p-¶p. F¶m A{Xs¡m¶p-a-Ã, Ah-bvs¡-Ãm-¯n\pw _mly-am-bn«pw A\-´ hpw Ako-ahpw Akm-[m-c- W-hp-am-b-cq-] -¯n ØnXn-sN-¿p-¶p. kw_Ôw þ Cu a{´- ¯n kqcysâ ZrjvSm´w sIm­p ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ \nÀte-]-Xsb ImWn-¡p¶p þ

11. kqtcym bYm kÀh-tem-Iky N£pÀ \ en]ytX Nm£p-ssjÀ_m-ly-tZmssjx GI-kvXYm kÀÆ-`q-X m-´-c mßm \ en]ytX temI-Zpx-tJ\ _mlyx

Htc kqcy³Xs¶ {_Òm-WUs¯ apgp-h³ {]Im-inv ¸n-¡p-¶p. AXnsâ {]Imiw Pohn-I-fpsS I®p-IÄ¡p klm-b-I-c-am-Ip-¶p. B {]Im-i-¯nsâ klm-b-t¯m-Sp9. AánÀb-ssYtIm `ph\w {]hnjvtSm IqSn¯s¶ BfpIÄ \m\m {]Im-c-¯n-epÅ KpW-tZm-j-acq]w cq]w {]Xn-cqt]m _`qh b-§-fmb IÀ½-§Ä A\p-jTn-¡p-¶p. F¶m Ah-cpsS v GI-kvXYm kÀÆ-`q-X m-´-c mßm t\{X-§Ä hgn sN¿-s¸-Sp¶ hnhn-[-cq-]¯n-epÅ IÀ½cq]w cq]w {]Xn-cqt]m _ln-Ý. tZm-j-§-fp-ambn kqcy³ Aev]w-t]mepw _Ô-s¸-Sp-¶n-Ã. Htc Aán-Xs¶ \ncm-Im-c-cq-]-¯n {_ÒmWvUw apgp- C{]-Imcw Xs¶ FÃm-¯nepw A´-cym-an-bmb hÀ¯nh³ hym]n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. AXn\v bmsXmcp t`Z`mh-§-fp-an- ¡p¶ `K-hm³ ]c-{_Ò ]pcp-tjm-¯-a³ GI³ am{X-amÃ. F¶m kmIm-c-cq-]-¯n Pzen-¡pt¼mÄ B[m-c-`q-X- Ip-¶p, At±-l-¯nsâ iàn-bnÂ\n¶pw iàn-bp-à-amamb hkvXp-hn-s\-t¸mse BIm-c-t¯m-Sp-IqSn ImW-s¸-Sp- bn«v a\-Êv, _p²n, C{µn-b§Ä Ch hgn-bmbn a\p-jyÀ v ¶p. C{]-Imcw Xs¶ kakvX {]mWn-I-fnepw \nd-ªp- \m\m-{]-Im-c-¯n-ep-apÅ ip`m-ip-`-IÀ½-§Ä A\p-jTn-¡p\n¡p¶ ]c-ta-iz-c³ GI-\-s{X. AJn-e-¯nepw ka-`m- ¶p. AXp-t]mse AXp-I-fpsS ^e-kz-cq-]-§-fmb kpJ-Zpxh-¯n hym]n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. AXn bmsXmcp {]Im-c-¯n- Jm-Zn-IÄ A\p-`hn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. F¶m B ]c-taiz-c³ Ah-cpsS IÀ½-§-fnepw en]vX-am-Ip-¶n- Ã. F´p- sImep- apÅ t`Z- `m-h-an-Ã. F¶n- cp- ¶mepw At±lw `n¶-`n¶ PohnI-fn AtX Pohn-IÄ¡-\p-cq-]ambn \m\m-cq-]§-fn s­- ¶m At±lw AJn- e-¯nepw hkn-¡p-¶p-s­- ¦nepw {]Im-in-¡p-¶p. B[m-c-h-kXp-¡Ä¡-\p-cq-]-ambn At±-l- FÃm-¯nÂ\n¶pw thÀs]«pw kÀÆYm Akw-K-ambpw v ¯nsâ alna {]I-S-am-Ip-¶p. hmkvX-h-¯n B ]c-ta-iz- \ne-sIm- Åp-¶p. csâ alna CsXm-¶p-a-Ã. CXn-s\-¡mÄ hf-sc-b-[nIw al12. GtIm hio kÀÆ-`q-Xm´ cmßm ¯-c-am- Ip-¶p, At±-l-¯n³sd A\-´- amb iàn-bpsS Hcp GIw cq]w _lp[m bx ItcmXn IWn-I-sIm-­p-am{Xw Cu k¼qÀ® {_ÒmWvUw \m\m-

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Xam-ßØw tb\p]-iy´n [ocmþ kvtXjmw kpJw imizXw t\X-tc-jmw.
GsXmcp ]c-am-ßmhp kZm AJn-e-¯ntâbpw A´cm-ßm-cq-]¯n ØnXn-sN-¿p-¶pthm bmsXm¶v AZzn-Xobhpw kÀÆYm kzX-{´-hp-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm AJne PK¯nepw tZh-a-\p-jymZn FÃm-¯n-t\bpw kZm Xsâ \nb{´- W-¯n sh¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶pthm B kÀÆ-i-In-Xmam-\mb ]c-ta-iz-c³ Xsâ Htc cq]s¯ Xsâ eoe-bmbn \m\m-{]-Im-c-¯n-em-¡n-¯oÀ¡p-¶ p. B ]c-am-ßm-hns\ bmsXmcp Úm\n-bmb alm-]p-cp-j³ \nc-´cw Xsâ DÅn ØnXn-sN-¿p-¶-Xm-bn-¡m-Wp-¶pthm Ah\p am{Xw kZm Ønc-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶Xpw k\m-X-\hpw Bb ]c-am-\µw e`n-¡p-¶p. asäm-cp-¯À¡pw e`n-¡p-¶n-Ã.

13. \ntXym \nXym\mw tNX-\-tÝ-X-\m-\mþ tatIm-_-lq\mw tbm hnZ-[mXn Imam³ Xam-ßØw tb\]-iy´n [ocmþ kvtXjmw im´nx imizXo t\X-tc-jmw.
bmsXmcp kakvX \nXy-ssN-X\yw Bßm-¡-fp-tSbpw \nXy-tN- X-\- bmb Bßm-hm-bn-cn-¡p- Ibpw bmsXm¶v kzbw GI-am-bn-¯s¶ AJne Pohn-I-fp-tSbpw t`mK-§-fpsS AXm-Xnsâ IÀ½m-\p-kr-X-ambn hn[m\w sNbvXp-sIm-­ncn-¡p- ¶pthm kz´w DÅn \nh- kn-¡p¶ B kÀÆ iànam-\mb ]c-{_Ò ]pcp-tjm- ¯-as\ bmsXmcp alm-Úm-\n]p- cp-j³ \nc- ´cw ZÀin-¨p- sIm-­n- cn-¡p- ¶pthm At±- l- ¯n\p- am{Xw kZm Ønc-am- bn-cn-¡p¶ k\m-X-\-amb ]c-a-im´n e`n-¡p¶p þ aämÀ¡pw e`n-¡p-¶n- Ã.

B kz{]-Im-i-]-c-am-\-µ-kz-cq] ]c-{_-Ò-]c-ta-iz-csâ kao]w Cu kqcy³ {]Im-in-¡p-¶n-Ã. kqcy³ {]Im-in-¡pt¼mÄ an¶m-an- \p-§nsâ {]Imiw CÃm-Xm- bn-¯o- cp-¶-Xp- t]mse, kqcysâ tXPÊpw B Ako-a-tX-P-Ênsâ ap¶n ep]vX -am-bn-¯ o-cq-¶ p. N{µ³, \£{X- §Ä, hnZyp¯v Chbpw AhnsS {]Im-in-¡p-¶n-Ã. ]ns¶ Cu Aán-bpsS Imcyw F´v? F´p- sIm- s­- ¶m {]mIr- X-P-K- ¯n {]Imi-kz-`m-ht¯m-Sp-Iq-Snb XXz-§-sfÃmw Xs¶ B ]c-{_Ò ]c-ta-iz-csâ {]Im-i-i-àn-bpsS Awis¯ {]m]n-¨n«p ]cta-iz-csâ {]Im-i-i-àn-bpsS Awis¯ {]m]n-¨n-«p {]Imin-¡p-¶p. Ahbv¡v X§-fpsS {]Im-i-Isâ kao]w F{]Imcw {]Imiw ]c-¯p-hm³ Ignbpw? Cu ]qÀ®-{]-]©w PK-Zm-ßm-hmb ]pcp-tjm-¯ -asâ {]Imiw sImt­m AYhm B {]Im-i-¯nsâ £p{Z-amb Awiw-sImt­m {]Im-in-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p¶p F¶p kmcw.

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1. DuÀ[z-aqtemhmIvimJ Gtjmiz°x k\m-X \x XtZh ip{Iw XZv {_Ò XtZ-hm-ar-X-ap-Ny-tX. Xkvanw-tÃmIm: {ioXm: kÀtÆ XZp-\m-tXyXn IÝ-\. GXssZz XXv.

bmsXm-¶nsâ aqe-`q-X-amb ]c-{_Ò ]pcp-tjm-¯-a³ Gähpw D]-cn-bm-Ip-¶pthm AXm-b-Xv, AXn-kq-£v ahpw kÀÆ-i-àn-am\pw BIp- ¶p- thm, bmsXm- ¶nsâ {][m- \- imJ {_Òmhpw Ahm-´-c-im-J-IÄ tZh- IÄ ]nXr-¡Ä, a\p-jyÀ, ]£n-ar-Km-Zn-IÄ Ch {Ia-{]-Imcw Xmsgbpw BIp¶p; C{]Imcw Cu {_Òm-WvU-am-Ip¶ Aiz-°-hr£w A\m-ZnImew apX \nXy-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. Nnet¸mÄ {]I-S-ambpw kw_Ôw þ PnÚm-kp-hmb \Nn-tI-XÊv C{]-Imcw B Nne-t¸mÄ A{]-I-S-ambpw Xsâ Imc-W-cq-]-amb ]c-{_-Ò]c-{_Ò {]m]vXn-bpsS B\-µhpw im´n-bpsS aln-abpw ¯n \nXyhpw ØnXn-sN-¿p¶p; AXm-bXv k\m-X-\-am-Ip¶ p. bmsXm¶ v CXnsâ aqe- I m- c - W - a m- I p- ¶ pthm tI«n«v B´cm Nn´n-¡p-hm³ XpS§n þ AXnÂ\n¶v Ch-sbÃmw DÛ-hn-¡p-¶p, AXp-sIm-­p- Xs¶ 14. XtZ-X-ZnXn a\yt´ \nÀtZiyw ]caw kpJw kpc-£n-Xam-bn-cn-¡bpw AXn-tebv¡p Xs¶ hne-bn-¡pIYw \p XZzn-Pm-\obmw Inap `mXn hn`mXn hm. Ibpw sN¿p-¶ p, AXp- X s¶ hnip² Znhy-X - X zhpw {_Òhpw BIp-¶p. AXn-s\-¯s¶ Aa-c-Xz-sa¶p ]d-bpB k\m-X-\-]-c-am-\-µhpw ]c-a-im-´nbpw {]m]n-¨n-«pÅ ¶p. AJn-e-temI§fpw AXns\ B{i-bn¨p \nev¡p-¶p. Úm\n-I-fmb alm-·mÀ C§s\ Icp- Xp-¶p. bmsXm-¶ns\ BÀ¡pw AXns\ AXn-ew-Ln-¡p-hm³ Ignbp-¶n-Ã. \NnhÀ®n- ¡p- hm³ a\-Ên\pw hm¡n\pw Ign- bm- Xn- cn- ¡p- ¶pthm tI- X-tÊ, \o Adn-bp-hm³ B{K- ln¨ {_Ò-XXzw CXp-X-s¶B Aeu-In-Ihpw kÀtÆm-]-cn-bp-amb B\µw \ÂIp-¶Xv bm-Ip-¶p. ]c- {_Ò ]pcp-tjm-¯-a-\m- Ip-¶p. B ]c- am-\µ ]c-ta- iz-cs\ Rm³ A]- tcm£ cq]-¯n F{]-Imcw Adnbpw AXnsâ 2. bZnZw Inw N PKXv kÀÆw {]mW Úm\w GXp-co-Xn-bn kw`-hn-¡p¶p? GPXn \nxkrXw kw_Ôw þ \Nn-tI-X-Ênsâ B´-cn-I-`mhw {Kln-¨n«v bacm-P³ ]dªp þ

al-Zv`bw hPvdap-ZyXw b GX-Zzn-Zp-c-ar-Xm-ktX, v `h-´n.
C{µn-bw, a\-Êv, _p²n Ch-s Im­p ImWp-I bpw tIÄ¡p-Ibpw {Kln-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶-hbmb k¼qÀ®N-cm-N-c-P-K-s¯Ãmw Xsâ ]ca Imc-W-cq-]amb GsXmcp ]pcp-tjm-¯-a-\n \n¶pw {]I-S-amtbm AtX {]mW-kz-cq]- amb ]c-ta-iz-c- \n hym]-cn-¨p- sIm-­n- cn-¡p-¶p. AXm-bXv

15. \ X{X kqtcym `mXn \ N{µ-Xm-cIw t\am hnZyptXm `m´n ItXmbaánx Xtah `m´-a-\p-`mXn kÀhw Xky `mkm kÀh-anZw hn`m-Xn.

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I CXnsâ tNj-Sv -I-fpsS B[m-chpw \nb-{´-I\pw B ]c-taiz-c³X-s¶- bm-Ip-¶p. B ]c-ta-iz-c³ ]c-a-Z-bm-ep-hm-bn-cn¡p-¶-Xp-t]m-se-X s¶ AXy´w `b-kz-cq-]\p-am-Ip-¶p. sNdpXpw hepXpw FÃmw At±-ls¯ `b-s¸-Sp-¶p. At±lw, DbÀ¯n-¸n-Sn-¨n-cn-¡p¶ h{Pm-bp-[-¯n-\p-Xp-ey-hp-am-Ip¶p. Ic-§- fn h{Pm- bp[w DbÀ¯n-¸n-Sn¨p \n¡p¶ {]`phn-s\-¡­v FÃm tkh-Icpw \nc-´cw BÚm ]me-\¯n Xev]-c-cm-bn-cn-¡p-¶-X p-t]mse ka-kX-tZ-h·mcpw v kZm ka-b hpw \nb-am-\p-k-c Ww Cu ]c-ta-i z-csâ BÚm-]m-e\-¯n hy{K-X-tbm-S p-IqSn hÀ¯n- ¡p-¶p. bmsXm-cp- ¯³ Cu ]c-{_- Òs¯ Adn- bp-¶pthm XXz-Úm\n-bmb B ]pcp-j³ Aa-c-\m-bn-¯o-cp¶p; P\\ ac-W-§fn \n¶pw apà-\m-Ip-¶p.

5. bYmZÀti XYm ß\n bYm kz]vt\ XYm ]nXr-temtI bYm]vkp ]coh ZZrti XYm KÔÀÆ-temtI Ombm-X]-tbm-cnh {_Ò-tem-tI. -

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F{]-Imcw If-¦-c-ln-X-amb ZÀ¸-W¯n AXnsâ ap¼n h¶p-\n¡p¶ hkvXp ZÀ¸-W-t¯-¡mÄ hne-£Whpw kv]jvS-hp-ambn ImW-s¸-Sp-¶pthm AtX-{]-Im-cwXs¶ PvRm\n-I-fm-b-hcpsS A´x-Ic-W-¯n B ]c-taiz-c³ AXn-s\¡mÄ hne-£-Whpw kv]jvS-hp-ambn ImWs¸-Sp-¶p. F{]- Imcw kz]v\-¯n hkvXp-k-aqlw bYÀ°cq-]-¯n ImW-s¸-SmsX kz]v\-{Z-jvSm-hmb a\p-jysâ hmk-\bpw kwkvIm-c-hp-a-\p-k-c n¨v Fhn-sStbm DÅ hkvXp Fhn-sStbm hnirwJ-e-cq-]¯n Akv]jvSambn 3. `bm-Z-kym-án-kvX-]Xn `bmXv X]Xn kqcyx ImW-s¸-Sp-¶pthm A{]-Imcw Xs¶ ]nXr-tem-I-¯n ]c`bm-Zn-{µÝ hmbpÝ arXypÀ[m-hXn ]©ax ta-iz-csâ kzcq]w bYm-hXv kv]jvS-ambn ImW-s¸-SmsX FÃm-¯n-t\bpw `cn¨pw AJn-e-t¯bpw \nb-{´n¨pw Akv]-jvS-a m-bn-¯s¶ ImWp-¶ p. F´p-sIm-s­-¶m \nb-am-\p-k-cWw Nen-¸n-¨pw-sIm-­n-cn-¡p¶ Cu ]c-ta-iz- ]nXr-temIw {]m]n-¨n-«pÅ Pohn-IÄ¡v ]qÀÆ-P-·-¯nse c-t\m-SpÅ `bw ImcWw Aán X]n- ¡p- ¶p. AtX `b- ¯m kvarXn-Ifpw Ahn-sS-bpÅ _Ôp-¡-fpsS ]qÀÆ-hXvÚmkqcy³ X]n-¡p-¶p. AtX `b-¯m¯s¶ C{µ\pw \hpw DÅ-Xp-Im-cWw AhÀ XZ-\p-k-c-Wamb hmk-\-Ihmbphpw ]©ar-Xyp-¡fpw sh¼-tem-Sp-IqSn ]mªp-\-S¶v fn B_-²-cmbn¡gn-bp-¶p. KÔÀÆ-temIw ]nXr-tem-Iag s]¿n-¡p-I, Pohn-IÄ¡p {]mW-iàn \ÂIp-I, Pohn- s¯-¡mÄ Ipd¨p t{ijvT- am-Ip-¶p. Pe-¯n- \p-Ån t\m¡nI- fpsS ico-c-§sf \in-¸n- ¡pI XpS§n Ah-c-h-cpsS tPmen- bm {]Xn-_nw_w icn¡p ImWp-¶nsænepw GXm­v IÄ {i²m-]qÀÆw sNbvXp-s Im-­n-cn-¡ p-¶p. Npcp¡w icn-bmb cq]-¯n ImW-s¸-Sp-¶p. F¶m Pe-¯nsâ Fs´- ¶mÂ, Cu {]]-©-¯n ssZh-IÄ aqe-ambn \nb- Hmf- §Ä ImcWw Cf- In-s¡m- ­n-cn-¡p¶ {]Xo-Xn- bp- ­m-¡panX cq]-¯n \S-¯-s¸-«p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p¶ FÃm Imcy- ¶p, kv]jvS-ambn ImW-s¸-Sp-¶n-Ã. AXp-t]m-se-bmWv §fpw kÀÆ-i-àn-k-¼-¶\pw AJn-e¯ntâbpw \nb-´m- kz]v\s¯ At]-£n¨v Pm{K-Z-h-Ø-bpsS ØnXnbpw hp-amb ]c-ta-iz-csâ AtamL imk-\-¯m kw`hn-¨p- A§-s\- Xs¶ KÔÀÆ-tem-I-¯nepw t`mK-e-l-cn-bn Aeb- Sn-¡p¶ lrZ-b-t¯m- Sp-Iq-Snb Ahn-Sps¯ \nhm- kn- IÄ¡v sIm-­ n-cn-¡p- ¶p. `K-hmsâ ZÀi\w kv]jvS-ambn e`n¡p-¶n-Ã. F¶m 4. Cl tNZ-iIZv t_m²yw {]mIv {_Ò-tem-I-¯n Pohn-¡p-¶-hÀ¡v \ngepw shbn-epwico-cky hn{kkx t]mse kz´-ambpw B ]c-{_-Ò]-c-ta-iz-c-s\-¸-än-bpÅ XX: kÀtKjp temtIjp ico-c-Xzmb Iev]-tX. Úm\w {]Xy-£-ambpw kpkv]-jvS-ambpw e`n-¡p-¶p. kÀÆ-i-àn-am\pw AJn- e¯ntâbpw t{]c-I-i- ànbpw AhnsS bmsXmcp hn[-amb {`ahpw \ne-\n¡p-¶n-Ã. {]YAJn-e-t¯bpw `cn-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶h\pamb ]c-ta-iz- am-²ym-b-¯nsâ aq¶mw `mK-¯n BZy-a-{´- ¯n ]d-bcs\ GsX-¦nepw km[-I³ Cu ZpÀÃ`a\pjy-i- co-c-¯nsâ s¸-«n-cn-¡p¶p þ Cu a\p-jy-i-cocw Hcp temI-am-Ip-¶p, \miw kw`-hn- ¡p-¶- Xn\p ap¼m-bn-¯s¶ Adn-b- Ww. AXm- CXn ]c-{_-Òhpw Pohm-ßmhpw shbnepw \ng-epw-t]mse bXv Cu ico-c-¯n `P-\-ka-c-Wm-Zn-km-[-\-IÄ A\pjvTn lrZ-b- cq-]n-bmb Kpl-bn hkn-¡p-¶p. AXm-bXv a\p-jyÀ v ¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ iàn Ft¸mÄhsc \ne-\n-ev¡p-I bpw aäp temI§sf A`nejn¡msX Cu a\p-jy-i-cocw \neFt¸mÄ hsc acWw `hn-¡m-Xn-cn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶pthm \n¡pt¼mįs¶ ]c-{_-Ò-] -c- ta-i z-c -s\-¸-ä n-b pÅ AXn\p ap¼mbn {i²-tbmsS {]b-Xv\n¨p ]c-am-ßm-X-Xz- Úm\w k¼m-Zn-¡-Ww. Úm\w t\tS-­-Xm-Ip¶p; At¸mÄ am{Xta Ahsâ 6. C{µn-bmWmw ]rY-Kv`m-h-ap-Z-bm-kvXabu PohnXw k^-e-am-Ip-¶p-Åq. A\m-Zn-Imew apX P\-\aN bXv cW {]hm-l-¯n ]Xn-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p¶ Cu PohnXw ]rY-Kp-Xv]-Zy-am-\m\mw aXzm [otcm \ timN-Xn. AXp-sIm­p tamN\w t\Sp-¶p. AsÃ-¦n ]n¶oSv AXpwi_vZ kv]ÀimZn hnj-b-§-fpsS A\p-`-h-kz-cq-]-ambn sIm­v At\Iw Iev]w hsc hn`n¶ temI§fnepw tbm\n{]tXyIw {]tXy-I-amb Imcy-§Ä¡p-th­n `n¶-`n¶ cq]I-fnepw \n¶v icocw kzoI-cn-t¡-­-Xn\p _m²y-Ø-am-bn¯o-cp-¶p. AXn-\m a\p-jy³ ac- W-¯n\p hfsc ap¼m- §-fn Dev]¶-am-bn-cn-¡p¶ C{µn-b§-fp-sS, bmsXm¶v {]tXyIw {]tXyIw `mh-§-tfm- Sp-Iq-Sn-b-Xm-bncn¡p¶p-thm, bn-¯s¶ ]c-am-ßm-hns\ Xncn-¨-dn-b-Ww.

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I AXp-t]mse Pm{K-Z-h-Ø-bn {]hÀ¯\ ioe-t¯m-Sp-Iq-

Znhy-cq-]s¯ bmsXmcp a\p-jy\pw {]mIrX NÀ½-N-£pSn-b-Xm-bn-cn-¡p-Ibpw kpjp-]Xn-Im-e-¯n eb-ambn¯ocp- Êp-IÄsIm­p ZÀin-¡p-hm³ km[y-a-Ã. bmsXmcp `mKyv Ibpw sN¿p¶ cq]w AXnsâ ]cn-hÀ¯-\-kz-`m-h-am-Ip- hm-\mb km[-I³ \nc-´cw t{]a-`-cn-X-amb a\-tÊm-Sp-IqSn ¶p. Ch-sb-¸-än-sbÃmw Nn´n-¨n-«v, _p²n-am-·m-cm-b-hÀ Cu At±-ls¯ Nn´n-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶pthm Ahsâ lrZ-bclkyw AXm-bXv Cu C{µn-b-§Ä a\-Ê,v _p²n AYhm ¯n `K-hmsâ B Znhy- kz- cq]w kw_- Ôn¨p [ym\w {]KmCh-bpsS kwLm-X-cq-]amb icocw Rmt\m BIp-¶nÃ; V-am-bn-¯o-cp-t¼mÄ B kabw km[-Isâ lrZbw `KRm³ Ch-sb-¡mÄ kÀÆYm hne-£-Whpw \nXy-ssN-X- hmsâ [ym\- P-\n- X-amb kzcq-]- ¯n \nÝ- e-am- bn- ¯ocp¶p. \yhpw kÀtÆm-]cn hnip-²hpw GI-c-khpw BIp¶p C§-s\-bpÅ \nÝ-e-lr-Z-b-t¯m-Sp-IqSn¯s¶ B km[F¶p a\-Ên-em-¡p-t¼mÄ Ah³ bmsXm-cp-hn-[-¯n- epÅ I³ hnip² _p²n-cq-]- amb t\{X-§Ä hgn ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ timIw A\p-`-hn-¡p-¶n-Ã. Fs¶-t¶-¡p-ambn ZpxJ-tim-Im- B Znhy-kz-cq-]-¯nsâ ZÀi\w t\Sp-¶p. bmsXm-cp-¯³ Cu ]c-ta-iz-cs\ Adn-bp-¶pthm Ah³ Aa-c-\m-bn-¯oZn-I-fnÂ\n¶pw apà-\m-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. cp¶p; ]c-am-\-µ-kz-cq-]-\m-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. kw_Ôw þ ASp¯ c­p a{´- §-fn-embn XXz-Nn-´- IÄ kw_Ôw þ tbmK-[m-c-W-amÀ¤w a\-Ên-t\bpw C{µn-b-§hÀ®n-¡p-¶p. tfbpw \nb-{´n¨v ]c-ta-iz-cs\ {]m]n-¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ aäp 7. C{µn-tb`y: ]cw at\m a\k: k¯z-ap-¯aw km[\ hnh-cn-¡p¶p þ

K

k¯zm-Z[n alm-\mßm altXmhyà-ap-¯-aw.

C{µn-b-§-fn a\Êv t{ijvT- am-Ip-¶p. a\-Êns\¡mÄ _p²n D¯-a- am-Ip-¶p. _p²n- tb-¡mÄ AXnsâ kzman-bmb Pohm- ßmhv DbÀ¶- Xm- Ip¶p; F´p-sIm-s­- ¶m Ah-sbÃm-¯n-tâbpw ta CXn-\ -[ n-Im-c -a p-­ v. Ah-sbÃmw CXnsâ BÚm-]m-e-I-cmWv; CXv Ah-bpsS `cWm[n-Imcn-bm-Ip-¶p. AXm-bXv Ah-tb-¡mÄ Pohm-ßmhv AXy´w hne-£-W-am-Ip-¶p. Cu Pohm-ßm-hnepw CXnsâ Ahy-à(Im-c-Ww) icocw {]_-e-am-W.v bmsXm¶v CXns\ _Ôn-¨n«n-cn-¡p-¶pthm AXp `K-hmsâ B {]Ir-Xn-bpsS Awi-amIp-¶p.

10. bZm ]©m-h-Xn-jvTt´ Úm\m\n a\km kl _p²nÝ \ hntN-jvSXn Xmam-lp:]-camw KXnw.
tbmKm-`ymkw sNbvXp-sNbvXv Ft¸mÄ a\-tÊm-Sp-IqSn ]tÝ-{µn-b-§Ä \Ã-Xp-t]mse Ønc-am-Ipt¶m _p²n GI\mb ]c-am-ßm-hn ]c-am-ßm-hn-s\-b-ÃmsX asäm-¶ntâbpw teiw-t]mepw Úm\-ap-­m-Im-¯-co-Xn-bn Øncam-bn-¯o-cpt¶m B Ah-Øsb tbmKn-IÄ ]c-a-KXn þ tbmK-¯nsâ kÀtÆm-¯-a-KXn þ F¶p ]d-bp-¶p.

8. Ahy-àm¯p ]cx ]pcptjm hym]tIm enwK GhN bw ÚmXzm-ap-tNytX P´p-c-ar-XXzw N KÑ-Xn.
Cu {]Ir-Xn-sb-¡mÄ AXn-sâ-kzm-an-bmb ]c-a-]p-cpj ]c-am-ßmhv t{ijvT-\m-Ip-¶p. At±lw \ncm-Im-c-cq-]-¯n kÀÆ{X hym]n-¨n-cn- ¡p- ¶p. (KoX 9þ4) Cu Pohm- ßmhv {]IrXn-bpsS _Ô-\§-fnÂ\n¶pw kÀÆYm apà-am-hp-Ibpw Aar-X-kz-cq-]-amb ]c-am-\-µs¯ t\Sp-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. AXp-sIm­v a\p-j yÀ Cu {]Ir-Xn-bpsS _Ô- \ -§ fnÂ\n¶pw apàn-t\-Sp-¶-Xn-\p-th­n CXnsâ kzman-bmb ]c- {_Ò ]pcp- tjm- ¯- as\ icWw {]m]n- ¡Ww ]c- am-ßmhv Cu Pohn-I-fn Icp-W-tXm¶n ambm-a-dsb hen¨p amäpt¼mÄ At±-l¯nsâ ZÀi\w Chbv¡p kn²-am-Ip-¶p. AsÃ-¦n Cu aqV-·mÀ, kÀÆZm X§-tfm-sSm¯p hkn¨n-cp-¶n«pw B ]c-ta-iz-c-s\-¯s¶ Xncn-¨-dn-bp-¶n-Ã.

11. Xmw tbmK-anXn a\yt´ Øncman- {µn-b -[m-c Wmw A{]-a-¯-kvXZm `hXn tbmtKm ln {]`- hm-]y- bu.
C{µn-bw, a\-Êv, _p²n Ch-bpsS \nÝ-em-h-Ø-bpsS \maw tbmKw F¶m-Ip-¶p. C{]-Imcw A\p-`- h-Ú m-\-apÅ tbmKnsb alm-\p-`m-h-\mbn Icp-Xp-¶p. F´p-sIm-s­¶m B kabw km[- I³ hnj-b-ZÀi\ cq]- §- fmb FÃm {]am-Z-§-fn \n¶pw cln-X-\m-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. F¶m Cu tbmKw DZ-bhpw AkvX-a-bhpw t]mse-bm-Ip-¶p. AXp-ImcWw ]c-am-ßm- hns\ {]m]n- ¡- W- sa¶v A`n- e- jn- ¡p¶ CÑmep-¡-fmb km[-IÀ \nc-´cw tbmK-bp-à-cm-bn-cn-¡p-¶-Xn\pÅ ZrVm-`ymkw sNbvXp-sIm-­n-cn-¡-Ww.

9. \ kwZrti XnjvTXn cq-]-aky \ N£pjm ]iy Xn IÝ-ss\\w lrZm a\ojm a\-km`n ¢p]vtXm b GXZvhn Zpc-ar-XmkvtX `h-´n.
Cu ]c-{_Ò ]c-ta-iz-csâ Znhy-kz-cq]w {]Xy-£-hnj-b-cq-]-¯n \½psS ap¼n hcp-¶n-Ã, ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ

12. ss\h hmNm \ a\km {]m]vXpw itIym \ N£pjm AkvXoXn {_phtXm\y{X IYw XZp-]-e-`y-tX.
B ]c-{_Ò ]c-am-ßm-hns\ hmWn apX-emb IÀt½{µn-b-§ÄsIm­pw N£pÊv BZn-bmb Úmt\-{µn-b§ÄsIm­pw a\-Ê v, _p²n BZn-b mb A´x-I-c -W §ÄsIm­pw {]m]n- ¡p- hm³ km[n-¡p- ¶n- Ã. F´p- sIm- s­¶m AXv Ch-bs¡Ãmw F¯m-hp-¶n-S-¯p-\n¶pw hfsc v Zqsc ØnXn-sN-¿p-¶p. F¶m At±-ls¯ {]m]n-¡p-¶-

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I Xn\p Xo{h-ambn CÑn-¡p-¶-h\v At±-ls¯ {]m]n-¡p-hm³
km[n-¡p-¶p. Cu kwKXn bmsXm-cp-¯³ ]d-bp-¶n-Ãtbm kzoI-cn-¡p-¶n-Ãtbm AXm-bXv CXp-kw-_-Ôn¨v bmsXm-cp¯\v ZrV-amb hnizmkw D­mIp¶nÃtbm Ah\v At±ls¯ F§s\ {]m]n- ¡p-hm³ Ignbpw? AXn-\m ]qÀÆ a{´-¯n ]d-ªn-«pÅ coXn-b-\p-k-cn¨v C{µnbw a\Êv apX- embn FÃmw tbmKm- `ymkw apJm- ´ncw XS-ªn«v ""AXymhiyhpw km[-I\p e`yhpw BIp¶p'' F¶pÅ ZrV-\nÝ-b-t¯m-Sp-IqSn \nc-´cw AXnsâ {]m]vXn-¡p-th­n ]ca-amb D¡-WvTtbm-Sp-IqSn {]b-Xv\-io-e-cm-bn-cn-¡-Ww. -

15. bZm kÀth {]`n-Zyt´ lrZ-b-tkyl {KÙb: AY aÀtXymartXm `h-tXy-Xm-h-²y\p imk-\w.

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13. AkvXo-tXy-thm-]-e_v[ hykvX¯z `mth\ tNm`tbm: AkvXo-tXy-thm-]-e-_v[ky XXz-`mh: {]ko-Z-Xn.
""]c-ta-iz-c³ Bh-iyhpw At±lw km[-I\p \nÝ-bambpw e`yhpw BIp¶p'' F¶ Imcy-t¯-¸-än-bpÅ ZrVhn-izmkw km[-I\v Ft¸mgpw D­m-bn-cn-¡-Ww. ]n¶oSv CtX \nÝ-b-t¯m-Sp-IqSn¯s¶ At±-ls¯ kzoI-cn-¡pIbpw XZ-\-´cw XmXznI hnth-N-\m-]qÀÆw \nc-´cw At±ls¯ [ym\n-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXn«v B ]cm-i-ànsb {]m]n¡mw. ""At±lw Bh-iy-am-W¶pw Xsâ Xs¶ lrZ-b¯n hncm-Pn-¡p¶p F¶pw AXnsâ {]m]vXn BhiyamIp¶p'' F¶pw Ft¸mÄ km[-I³ hnizm-k- t¯m- Sp- IqSn `Khms\ kzoI-cn-¡p-¶pthm At¸mÄ ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ B XmXznI Znhy-kz-cq]w Ahsâ hnip² lrZ-b-¯n kzbambn {]I-S-am-hp-Ibpw `K-hmsâ {]Xy£w A\p-`-h-am-IpIbpw sN¿p-¶p. kw_Ôw þ C\n \njv¡ma`mh-¯nsâ aln-a-sb-¸än ]dbp¶p þ

km[-Isâ lrZ-b-¯n-epÅ Al-´bpw aa-Xm-cq-]-¯nepÅ kakvX AÚm\ {KÙn-Ifpw \Ã-Xp-t]mse Aäpt]m-Ip-Ibpw Ahsâ FÃm-hn-[-¯n-ep-apÅ kwi- b-§Ä kÀÆYm \in-¡p-Ibpw D]-cyp-à-amb D]-tZ-i-a-\p-k-cn¨v ""]c-{_Ò ]c-ta-iz-c³ Bh-iy-amWv; At±-ls¯ \nÝ-bambpw e_n¡pw'' F¶pÅ ZrV-\n-Ý-bhpw Ah-\p-­mIp-t¼mÄ Ah³ Cu ico-c-¯n Pohn-¨p-sIm-­p-Xs¶ ]c-ta-iz-cs\ km£m-XvI-cn¨v Aa-c-\m-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. thZm´- ¯nsâ k\m-X-t\m-]-tZiw CXp am{X-am-Ip-¶p. kw_Ôw þ C\n ac-Wm-\-´-c-apÅ Pohm-ßm-hnsâ KXn hÀ®n-¡-s¸-Sp-¶ p.

16. iXw ssNIm N lrZ-bky \mUy-kvXmkmw aqÀ[m\ a`n\n: krssXIm XtbmÀ[z-am-b-¶-ar-X-Xz-taXn hnjz-§\ym DXv{I-atW `h-´n.
lrZ-b-¯n \qän-sbm¶p {][m\ \mUnIÄ D­v. Ah Ahn-sS-\n¶pw FÃm `mK-t¯bv¡pw hym]n-¨p-In-S-¡p-¶p. AXn kpjp-a v\-s b-¶ p-] -d-b p¶ Hcp \mUn lrZ-b ¯nÂ\n¶pw akvX-I-¯n-te-bv¡p t]mbn-cn-¡p-¶p. `Khmsâ ]c-a-[m-a-¯n-tebv¡p t]mtI­ Ah-Imin B \mUn-b n¡qSn ico- c -¯ nÂ\n¶pw shfn- b nÂh¶v Gähpw DbÀ¶ temI-¯ n þ `K-h msâ ]c-a-[ m-a ¯nÂsN¶v Aar-X-kz-cq-]\pw ]c-am-\-µ-a-b-\p-amb ]c-taiz-cs\ {]m]n- ¡p- ¶p. aäp Pohn- IÄ ac- W- Im- e¯v aäp \mUnI-fn¡qSn ico-c¯n \n¶pw shfn-bnÂh¶v Ah-c-hcpsS IÀ½-§Ä¡pw hmk-\-IÄ¡pw A\p-k-cW-ambn \m\m-tbm-\n-Isf {]m]n-¡p-¶p.

14. bZm kÀtÆ {]apNyt´ Imam tbky lrZn-{inXm: AY aÀtXymartXm `h-Xy{X {_Ò ka-iv\p-tX.
a\p-jysâ lrZbw \nXyhpw \nc-´- chpw \m\m-{]-Im-c§-fn-ep-apÅ sFln-Ihpw ]mc-eu-In-Ihpw Bb A`n-emj-§ÄsIm­p \nd-b-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶p, Cu ImcWw sIm­v Cu ]c-am-\µ kzcq-]-\mb ]c-ta-iz-cs\ F{]-Imcw {]m]n¡p-hm³ km[n¡pw F¶v Ah³ Hcn-¡epw Nn´n-¡p-¶nÃ. Imay-hn-j-b-§-fpsS Bk-àn-bm Ah³ ]c-am-ßmhns\ {]m]n-¡p-¶-Xn\v A`nejn¡p-¶p-an-Ã. Cu FÃm A`nemj§fpw km[-Isâ lrZ-b-¯n \n¶pw kaqew \in¨p-t]m-Ip-t¼mÄ Ah³ Aa-c-\mbn¯ocp-Ibpw Cu a\pjy- i- co- c-¯n¯s¶ B ]c- {_Ò ]c- ta- iz- csâ km£m A\p-`hw \Ã-Xp-t]mse kwPm-X- am-Ip-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. kw_Ôw þ kwib cln-X-amb ZrV- \n-Ý-b-¯nsâ alnasb ]d-bp¶p þ

17. BwKp-jvT-am-{X:-]p-cptjm´cmßm kZm P\m\mw lrZtb k¶n-hnjvSx Xw kzmÑ-co-cm-Xv{]-hr-tl-·p-RvP m-Zn-th-joImw ss[tcyW Xw hnZyp-Ñp-{I-a-arXw hnZym-Ñ p-{I-a-ar-X -an-Xn.
AJn- e-¯n-tâbpw A´-cym-an-bmb ]ca ]pcpj ]c-taiz-c³ lrZ-b¯n-\-\p-cq-]-ambn AwKpjvSam-{X-cq-]-¯n kZm FÃm a\p- jy-cp- tSbpw DÅn \nh- kn-¡p- ¶p, F¦nepw a\p-jyÀ At±-l -¯nsâ t\tc t\m¡p-¶p-t]m-ep-an-Ã. bmsXm-cp-¯³ {]am-Z-c-ln-X-\mbn At±-ls¯ {]m]n-¡p-¶Xn-\pÅ km[-\-bn apgp-Ip-¶pthm Ah³ ico-c-Ø-\mb B ]c- ta-iz-cs\ Cu ico- c-t¯m- sSm¯p Xs¶ kzb- ambpw AXp-t]m-se-Xs¶ {]tXy-I-ambpw hne-£- W-ambpw km[mcW Bfp-IÄ apª- ¸p- ÃnÂ\n¶pw AXnsâ \mcns\ {]tXyI-am-bn-¡m-Wp-¶-Xp-t]mse ImWp-Ibpw thWw. AXm-bXv

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I F{]-Imcw apª-¸p-Ãn-epÅ \mcv apª-¸p-Ãn-t\-¡mÄ hne-

hn[n-Ifpw {]m]n-¨n«v P\-\a-c-W-§-fnÂ\n¶p apà\pw £- Whpw {]tXy-I-X -bp-ÅX p-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm AtX FÃm hnIm- c-§-fnÂ\n¶p cln-X\pw AXp-t]mse kÀÆYm {]Imcw Xs¶ B ico-c-hpw. Bßm-hnsâ DÅn A[n-h- hnip-²-\p-ambn ]c-{_Ò ]c-ta-iz-cs\ {]m]n-¨p. aäm-sckn-¡p¶ ]c-ta-iz-c³ B c­n-t\-¡mfpw kÀÆYm Akm- ¦nepw Cu B²ym-ßnI hnZysb Cu hn[-¯n \Nn-tI[m-c- W-am-Ip- ¶p. AXp- Xs¶ hnip² Aar-X-a-Ip-¶p. ChnsS X- Ên\p Xpeyw icn-¡p-icn a\-Ên-em-¡p-Ibpw {i²m-]qÀÆw Cu hmIys¯ ]p\- cm- hÀ¯n-¡p- ¶Xv D]- tZ-i-¯nsâ kam- AXns\ [cn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶pthm Ah\pw \Nn-tI-X-Ên]vX n-tbbpw AXp-t ]mse kn²m-´ -¯nsâ \nÝn-X- Xz- t\-t¸mse FÃm hnIm-c-§-fnÂ\n¶pw cln-X\pw P\-\a-ct¯bpw kqNn-¸n-¡p-¶p. W-§-fnÂ\n¶p apà-\p-am-bn«v ]c-{_Ò ]c-am-ßm-hns\ {]m]n-¡p-hm³ km[n-¡p-¶p.

K

18. arXyp-t{]màmw \Nn-tItXmY e_v[zm hnZym-taXmw tbmK-hn[nw N IrÕ\w {_Ò {]m]vtXm hnctPm`qZzn-ar-Xypþ ct\ymt]y hw tbm hnZ-[ym-ß-ta-h.

im´n- ] mTw
Hmw kl \mh-h-Xp. kl \u `q\-àp. kl hocyw Ic-hm-h-ssl. tXPkzn \mh-[o-X-a-kvXp. am hnZznjm hssl. im´nx im´x im´nx
CXnsâ AÀ°w D]-\n-j-¯nsâ Bcw-`-¯n sImSp¯n- «p-­ v.

C{]-Imcw ba-cm-P-\m D]-Zn-jS-amb kakvX hnth-Nv \-§-tfbpw {i²m-]qÀÆmw tI«-Xn-\p-tijw \Nn-tI-XÊv At±-l-¯m ]d-b-s¸« k¼qÀ®-hn-Zybpw tbmK-¯nsâ

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1

tIt\m-]-\n-j¯v
Hmw im´nx im´nx im´nx

3

Cu D]-\n-j¯v kma-th-Z-¯nse ""Xe-h-Imc {_mÒ W''¯nsâ Hcp `mK-am-Ip-¶p. Xe-h-Im-cs¯ ssPan-\o-tbm]-\n-j¯v F¶p-IqSn ]d-bm-dp-­v. Cu D]-\n-j¯v BZyw ""tI\'' F¶ hm¡p-sIm­v Bcw-`n-¡p-¶-Xn-\m CXn\v tIt\m-]-\n-j¯v F¶p t]mcp-h-¶p. CXns\ Xe-h-Im-tcm]-\n-j¯v ({_m-Ò-tWm-]-\n-j-¯v) F¶p IqSn NneÀ hnfn¡p-¶p.

tl ]c-am-ßm-th, Fsâ FÃm AwK-§fpw hmWn, t\{Xw, t{im{Xw apX-e mb FÃm IÀt½-{µn-b -§ fpw Úmt\-{µn-b-§fpw {]mW-k-aq-lhpw imco-cn-Ihpw am\kn-I-hp-amb iàn-Ifpw HmPÊpw þ FÃm ]pjvSnbpw AXpt]mse hr²nbpw {]m]n-¡-s«. D]-\n-j-¯p-¡-fn hÀ®n¡-s¸- «n- cn-¡p¶ kÀÆ- cq-]-{_-Òs¯ Rm³ Hcn- ¡epw kzoItIt\m- ]- \n-j-¯n {_Ò- X- Xz- s¯-¸än {]Xn-]m- Zn-¡p¶p. cn-¡m-Xn-cn-¡-bn-Ã. AXp-t]mse B {_Òhpw Fs¶ HcnCu XXzw hni-Z-am-¡p-¶-Xn\v Kpcp-injy kwhm-Z-cq-]-¯n ¡epw ]cn-Xy-Pn-¡m-Xn-cn-¡-s«. Fs¶ kZm-Im-ehpw kz´XXz-§sf hnh-cn-¡p-¶p. am-¡n-¯oÀ¡-s«. Ft¶m-Sp-IqSn {_Ò-¯n-tâbpw {_Òt¯m-Sp-IqSn Ftâbpw \nXy-k-¼À¡w \ne-\n¡-s«. D]im´n- ] mTw \n-j-¯p-¡-fn GtXXp [À½-§-sf-¸än {]Xn-]m-Z\w sN¿Hmw A]ym-b´p aamw-Km\n hmIv {]mW-Ý-£px- s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶pthm Ah-sbÃmw D]-\n-j¯nsâ GI-am{X t{im-{X-atYm _e-an-{µn-bmWn N kÀhmWn; kÀhw e£y-amb ]c-{_-Ò-]-c-am-ßm-hn \nc-´cw hym]r-X-ambn {_Òu-]-\n-jZw amlw {_Ò \ncm-Ipcymw am am Ft¶t¸m-epÅ km[-I·m-cn kZm-Im-ehpw {]Imin¨p{_Ò \ncm-I-tcm-Xv, A\n-cm-I-c-Wa-kvXz-\n-cm-I-cWw sIm-­n-cn-¡s«; F¶n \nXyhpw \nc-´-chpw D­m-bntakvXp; XZmß\ n \nctX b D ]- \ n- j Õp s¡m-­n-cn-¡-s«. Fsâ {Xnhn-[-Xm-]-§Ä¡pw im´n- bp-­m[À½mkvtX abn k´p tX abn k´p. I-s«.

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I {]Y-a-JWvUw
kw_Ôw þ injy³ Kpcp-tZ-h-t\mSp tNmZn-¡p¶p: þ

1. Hmw tIt\-jnXw ]XXn t{]jnXw a\: tI\ {]mW: {]Y-ax-ss{]Xn bpà: tIt\-jnXmw hmN-anamw hZ´n N£px t{im{Xw I D tZthm bp\-àn.
Cu a{´-¯n \mep tNmZy-§Ä AS-§n-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. PU-cq-]-amb A´x-Ic-Ww, {]mW³, hmWn XpS-§nb IÀt½-{µn-b§Ä¡pw N£pÊv BZn-bmb Úmt\-{µn-b§Ä¡pw AXm-Xn-tâ-Xmb Imcy-§Ä \S-¯p-¶-Xn-\pÅ Ign-hp-IÄ {]Zm\w sNbvXn-cn-¡p-¶Xpw AXp-Isf AXmXn-tâ-Xmb IÀ½-§-fn {]hÀ¯\ \nc-X-am-¡n-s¡m-­ncn-¡p-¶Xpw Bb GtXm kÀÆ-i-àn-a-¯mb tNX-\-bp-­tÃm, AXv GXmWv? F§-s\-bp-Å-XmWv? kw_Ôw þ CXn\p adp-]-Sn-bmbn Kpcp ]d-bp-¶p.

2. t{im{Xky t{im{Xw a\tkm at\m bþ ZzmtNm l hmNw k D {]mWky {]mW: N£p-j-Ý-£p-c-Xn-apNy [ocm: t{]XymkvamtÃm-Im-Z-ar-Xm-`-h-´ n.
Cu a{´- ¯n Kpcp injysâ tNmZy-§Ä¡p kv]jvSamb adp-]Sn ]d-bmsX hm¡p-IÄsIm­p Imcyw {Kln-¸n¡m³ {ian-¡-bm-W.v bmsXm-cp-¯³ a\-Êntâbpw {]mWtâbpw k¼qÀt®-{µn-b-§ -fp-s Sbpw kakvX PK-¯ ntâbpw ]c-a-Im-c-W-\m-Ip-¶pthm bmsXm-cp-¯-\n \n¶pw iàn {]m]n-¨n«v Ch-sbÃmw AXm-Xn-tâ-Xmb {]hÀ¯-\§Ä \S- ¯p- hm³ {]m]vX-cm- bn- cn-¡p-¶pthm bmsXm-cp- ¯³ Ch-sbÃmw Adn-bp-¶-h\m-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm Ah³ B ]c{_-Ò]p-cp-tjm-¯-a³ Xs¶ CXn-sâ-sbÃmw t{]c-Ii-ànbm-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. Ahs\ Adn-ªn«v Úm\n-I- fm-bn-«p-Å-hÀ Poh-·p-à-cmbn Cu temI-¯n \n¶pw {]bmWw sNbvXtijw Aa-c-kz-cq-]-am-bn-¯o-cp-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. AXm-bXv P\- \-a- c-W- §-fn \n¶pw \nXy- ambn tamN\w {]m]n-¡p- ¶p. kw_Ôw þ B a\-Ênepw {]mW-\nepw C{µn-b§-fnepw t{]c-WsN-ep-¯p¶ {_Òw C§-s\-bpÅXmIp-¶p. C{]Imcw Akv]-jS- cq]w F´p-sIm-­mWv? CtX-¸än Kpcp ]dv bp-¶p.

Aeu-InI Znhy XXz-§-fn-tebv¡v Ah-bpsS {]th-i\w Hcp Ime¯pw kw`-hy-a-Ã. ]ns¶tbm Ah-bn IpSn-sImÅp¶ tNX-\bpw {Inbm-i-ànbpw AtX {_Ò-¯nsâ Xs¶ t{]c-Wbpw iànbpw BIp-¶p. C{]- Im-c-apÅ AhØ- bn a\x-þ-C-{µn-b- §Ä apJm-´ncw B {_Òw "C§s\' DÅ-Xm-sW¶v BÀ¡v F§s\ ]d-bp-hm³ Ignbpw? C{]Imcw {_Ò-X-tXzm-]-tZ-i-¯nsâ kzcq]w \mw Bcn \n¶pw ]Tn-¨n-«p-anÃ; \mw kzbw kz_p-²n-bpsS a\\w hgnbmbn {Kln-¨n-«p-an-Ã. GsXmcp alm-]p-cp-j-\nÂ\n¶pw Cu KqV-X-Xz-§-fpsS D]-tZiw \ap¡p e`n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶pthm Ah³ þ B ]c-{_-Ò-]-c-ta-iz-c³ PU-tN-X-\-IÄ¡p `n¶\m-sW¶p \mw {Kln-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. Adn-b-s¸-Sp-¶n- S-t¯mfw kw]qÀ®-P-U-hÀ¤-§-fnÂ\n¶pw kÀÆYm `n¶hpw Cu PU-hÀ¤s¯ Adn-bp-Ibpw F¶m kzbw Adn-b-s¸-SmXn-cn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p¶ Pohm-ßm-hn-s\-¡mÄ AXy-[nIw D¯-ahpw BIp-¶p. C{]-Im-c-apÅ ØnXn¡v AXnsâ kzcq- ]-X-Xzs¯ hm¡p-IÄhgn hyà-am-¡p-hm³ Hcn-¡epw km[y-a-Ã. CXp-sIm­p AXns\ {Kln-¡p-¶-Xn\p kqN-\Isf B[m-c-am-t¡-­- Xmbn hcp¶p (KoX 15-þ18). kw_- Ôwþ C\n AtX {_Ò- s¯, {]iv\-§-fpsS ASn- Øm\-¯n ho­pw A©p a{´- §Äaqew a\-Ên-em-¡p-¶p.

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4. bZzm-Nm-\`yp-ZnXw tb\ hmK-`yp-ZytX XtZh {_Ò Xzw hn²n t\Zw bZn-Z-ap-]m-k-tX.
bmsXm¶v hm¡p-I-fm hyà-am-¡p-hm³ km[n-¡p¶pthm AXp-t]mse {]mIr-X-hm-Wn- bn ]d-s¸-«n-«pÅ XXz§-fm D]m-kn-¡-s¸-Sp-¶pthm AXv {_Ò-¯nsâ hmkvXhnI cq]w BIp-¶n-Ã. {_Ò-XXzw hm¡p-IÄ¡pw AXo-Xam-Ip-¶p. bmsXmcp iàn-bpsS Awiw-sIm­v hmWn-bn kwkm-c-iàn {]I-S-am-Ip-¶ p-thm, bmsXm¶v hmWn-bptSbpw ÚmXmhpw t{]c-Wbpw {]hÀ¯-\hpw Bbn-cn- ¡p¶pthm AXp {_Ò-am-Ip-¶p. B hnj-b¯n tIhew C{Xbpw am{Xta ]d-bp-hm³ km[n-¡p-I-bp-Åq.

5. b·-\km \ a\ptX tb\m-lpÀ½t\m aXw XtZh {_Ò Xzw hn²n t\Zw bZn-Z-ap-]m-k-tX.

_p²n-bp-tSbpw a\-Ên-tâbpw hnj-b-¯n Fs´Ãmw Adn-bp-hm³ Ign- bp-¶pthm AXp-t]mse {]mIrX at\m-_p²n-bn \n¶pw Adn-ªn-«p-Å- Xmb GsXmcp XXzs¯ D]mkn-¡p-¶pthm AXp {_Ò-¯nsâ hmkvX-hn-I-kz-cq-]-am-Ip¶n-Ã. ]c-{_-Ò-]-c-ta-iz-c³ a\-Ên\pw _p²n¡pw kÀÆYm 3. \ X{X N£pÀK-ÑXn \ hm¤-ÑXn t\m a\x AXo-X-\m-Ip-¶p. bmsXm¶p a\-Ên-tâbpw _p²n-bp-tSbpw \ hnZvtam \ hnPm-\otam bssY-XZ-\p-in-jymXv ÚmXm-hm-Ip-¶pthm Ahbv¡p a\\w sN¿p-¶-Xn\pw A\y-tZh XZzn-Zn-Xm-ZtYm Ahn-Zn-Xm-Z[n \nÝbw sN¿p-¶-Xn-\p-apÅ iàn \ÂIp-¶pthm AXpt]mse a\-\hpw \nÝ-bhpw sN¿p-¶-Xn \nbp-à-am-bnCXn ip{ipa ]qÀtÆjmw tb\-k vX-Zvh ym-N-N-£ n-t c. cn-¡ p-¶ pthm bmsXm-¶ nsâ iàn-b psS Aev] mw-i B k¨n-Zm- \µ ]c- a-L\ ]c-{_-Òs¯ {]mIr-X-§-fmb ¯nÂ\n¶pw _p²n-bn \nÝbw sN¿p-¶-Xn\pw a\-Ên A´x-Ic-W-§Ä¡pw C{µn-b-§Ä¡pw Adn-bp-hm³ Ign- a\\w sN¿p-¶-Xn-\p-apÅ Ign-hp-­m-Ip-¶pthm AXt{X bp-¶n-Ã. Ahbv¡v Ahn-Sw-hsc F¯p-hm³ Ign-hn-Ã. B {_Òw. B hnj-b¯n C{X-am-{Xta ]d-bp-hm-\p-Åq.

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kmt¦-Xn-I-`m-j-bn {Kln-¡p-¶-Xn-\p-th­n ChnsS Kpcp, AJn-e-¯n-tâbpw ÚmXm-hv, iàn-{]-Zm-b-I³, kzman, t{]c- I ³, {]hÀ¯- I ³, kÀÆ- i - à n- a m³, \nXy³ I®p-I-fpsS hnjbw þ I®p-IÄ apJm-´ncw ImWp- Fs¶Ãmw A{]m-Ir-X-]-c-a-X-Xz-amb {_Ò-s¯-¸än ]d-ªpIbpw Adn-bp- Ibpw sN¿p-¶Xpw D]m- k\ \S-¯p-¶-Xp-amb X-¶n-cn-¡p- ¶p. {]mIrX ]ZmÀ°-k©-bw. AXp {_Ò-¯nsâ hmkvX-hnI-cq-]w BIp-¶n-Ã. ]c-{_Ò ]c-ta-iz-c³ N£p-cmZn C{µn- ZznXob JWvUw b-§Ä¡pw AXo- X- \m-Ip- ¶p. bmsXm-¶nsâ iànbpw t{]c1. bZn a\ytk kpth-tZXn Z{`-ta-hm]n W-bpw-sIm­p N£pÊv BZn-bmb Úmt\- {µn- b- §Ä X§\q\w Xzw th° {_ÒtWm cq]w fpsS hnj-b -§ -fn kmaÀ°yw {]I-Sn-¸ n-¡ p-¶pthm bZky Xzw bZky tZth-jzY \p bmsXm¶v Ahsb Adn-bp-Ibpw Ahsb AXm-Xp-I-fpsS aoamwkytah tX at\y hnZo-Xw. hnj- b-§Ä Adn-bp-¶-Xn t{]cW sNep-¯p- Ibpw sN¿p¶pthm AXp-t]mse bmsXm-¶nsâ iàn- bpsS Awi-amCu a{´- ¯n Kpcp Xsâ injys\ {i²-tbm-Sp-IqSn Ip-¶pthm B {]`mhw {_Ò-am-Ip-¶p. Cu hnj-b¯n ho£n- ¨p-sIm­p ]d-bp-¶p. \mw apJm-´ncw a\-Ên-em-¡nC{X-am-{Xta ]d-ªp-X-cp-hm³ km²y-am-Ibp-Åq. ¯¶ {_Ò-X-Xzs¯ {ihn-¨n- «v. B {_Òs¯ ]qÀ®-ambpw

6. b¨-£pjm \ ]iyXn tb\ N£pwjn ]iyXn XtZh {_Ò Xzw hn²n t\Zw bZn-Z-ap-]m-k-tX.

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{Kln-¨p-I-gnªp F¶p \o Xocp-am-\n-¡p-I-bm-sW-¦n \o {_Ò- kz-cq-]s¯ Gähpw Aev]-ambn am{Xta {Kln- ¨n- «pÅq F¶Xp XoÀ¨- bmb kwK- Xn-bm-Ip-¶p. F´p-sIm-s­- ¶m B ]c-{_-Ò¯nsâ Awi-`q-X-am-bn-cn-¡p¶ Pohm-ßm-hv, bmsXm¶v {ih-W-]p-S-§-fÄ¡p e£o-`-hn-¡p-¶pthm AXn-s\-¯-s¶bpw AYhm FÃm tZh-X-I-fnepw þ AXmbmsXmcp {]mIr-X-hkXp-k-aq-l-¯m D]m-k\ sN¿-s¸- bXv a\-Êv, _p²n, {]mW³ apX-em-b-hbn A´Àeo-\-am- v Sp-¶pthm AXv hmkvX-h-¯n {_Ò-kz-cq-]-am-Ip-¶n-Ã. ]c- bn-cn-¡p¶ {_Ò-¯nsâ Awiw-sIm­v AXm-Xp-IÄ¡p {_-Ò-]-c-ta-iz-c³ t{imt{X-{µn-b-§-fpsS ÚmXmhpw t{]c- {]hÀ¯n¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ Ign-hp-IÄ D­m-bn-s¡m-­n-cn-¡pI\pw AXn {ih-Wiàn kzoI-cn-¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ Ign- ¶p. AXns\ \o {_Òw F¶p Icp-Xp-I-bmsW¦n \nsâ hnsâ \nt£- ]-I\pam-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm AXp km£m ]c- Adnhp bYmÀ°-am-Ip-¶n-Ã. {_lvaw C{X-bn HXp-§n{_-Òam-Ip-¶p. Cu hnj-bs¯ kw_-Ôn¨v CXn IqSp- \n¡p-¶n-Ã. Cu Pohm- ßm- hnepw kakvX hniz-{_-Òm- ÞX-embn H¶pw ]d-bp-hm-\n-Ã. ¯nepw hym]n-¨p-I n-S-¡p¶ iàn-sbÃmw GtIm-]n¨p t\m¡p-I-bm-sW-¦n AXv B {_Ò-¯nsâ tIhew 8. bXv {]mtW\ \ {]mWnXn tb\ {]mW: Hcwiw am{Xta BIp-¶p-Åq. AXn-\m \o a\-Ên-em-¡n{]Wo-btX bn-cn-¡p¶ Cu {_Ò-XXzw \ns¶ kw_- Ôn-¨n-S-t¯mfw XtZh {_Ò Xzw hn²n t\Zw bZn-Z-ap-]m-k-tX. ]p\Àhn-Nm-cW sNt¿-­Xp Bh-iy-amWv F¶p Rm³ {]mW³ aqew tNjvSm-bp-à-amb hkvXp-¡-tfbpw Icp-Xp-¶ p. {]mIr-X- {]m-W-\m A\p-{]m-Wn-X- amb XXz-§-tfbpw D]mkw_-Ô wþ Kpcp-tZ-hsâ D]-tZ-is¯ ASn-Øm-\-am¡n k\ sN¿p-¶Xp hmkvX-h-¯n {_Ò-¯nsâ kzcq-]-a-Ã. Nn´n-¨n«v injy³ At±- l-¯nsâ ap¼n Xsâ A`n-{]mbw ]c- {_Ò ]c-ta-i z- c ³ Ah-b vs ¡Ãmw AXo-X -\ -t {X. {]I- S-am-¡p-¶p. bmsXm¶p {]mWsâ ÚmXmhpw t{]c-I\pw AXn\p iàn \ÂIp-¶-h\pw BIp-¶pthm bmsXm-¶nsâ iàn2. \mlw at\y kpth-tZXn bpsS Aev]mwiw e`n-¨n-«,v bmsXm-¶nsâ t{]c-W-sIm­v t\m \ thtZXn thZ N Cu {][m\ {]mW³ AJn-e -t¯bpw tNjvS m-b p-à tbm \ kvXtZzZ XtZzZ am¡n¯oÀ¡p-¶pthm AXp kÀÆ-i-à-\mb ]c-ta-izc t\m \ thtZXn thZ N. {_Ò-am-Ip-¶p. AXns\ kw_-Ôn¨v C{Xbpw am{Xta ]dbp-hm³ Ign-I-bp- Åq. Cu a{´-¯n injy³ Xsâ Kpcp-tZ-hsâ D]-tZ-i¯nÂ\n¶pw kz´w A\p-`hw C{]-Imcw {]I-S-am-¡p-¶p. kmcmwiw Fs´-¶m {]mIr-X-§-fmb a\- Ên\pw C{µnb-§Ä¡pw e`y-am-Ip¶ hnj-b-§-sfÃmw {]mIr-X-§-fm-Ip- ""B {_Òs¯ Rm³ \¶mbn Adn-bp¶p F¶v Ah-Im-i¶p. AXm-bXv Ahsb ]c-{_Ò ]c-ta-izc ]cm-Xv]-c-]p-cp- s¸-Sp-¶nÃ; F¶m AXns\ Rm\-dn-bp-¶n-söpw AwKotjm-¯-asâ hmkvX-hn-I-kz-cq-]-§-fmbn AwKo-Icn-¡p- I- c n- ¡ p-¶ n-à . F´p- s Im- s ­- ¶ m Rm\-d n-b p-I bpw hm³ km[y- ta- b-Ã. AXn-\m Ahsb D]m-kn-¡p-¶Xp ]c- sN¿p¶p F¶n- cp- ¶mepw Fsâ Cu Adnhv Hcp ÚmXmhv {_Ò ]c-ta-iz-csâ D]m-k-\bpw BIp-¶n-Ã. a\-Êv, _p²n GsX-¦nepw tÚb-h-kvXp-hns\ Adn-bp-¶-Xp-t]m-ep-Å-XapX- em-bh-bv¡-Xo-X- amb ]c-{_Ò ]c-ta-izc kzcq-]s¯ Ã. CXv AXn- t\-¡mÄ kÀÆYm A]qÀÆhpw Aeu- In-Ihpw -

7. bÑ-tdm-t{XW \ irtWmXn tb\ t{im{X-anZw {ipXw XtZh {_Ò Xzw hn²n t\Zw bZnZ ap]m-ktX

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I BIp-¶p. AXp-sIm-­mWp Rm³ BZyw ""Rm\-Xns\ Adnbp¶p F¶pw Adn-bp-¶nà F¶pw F¦nepw Rm\-dn-bp¶p'' F¶pw ]d-ª-Xv. Fsâ Cu hm¡p-I-fpsS clkyw injy·m-cmb R§-fn B {_Òs¯ Adn-ª n-«p-Å-h \p icn¡p a\-Ên-em-¡p-hm³ km[n-¡p-¶p. kw_Ôw þ C\n {ipXn apIfn ]dª Kpcp-in-jy-kwhm-Z-¯nsâ Bibw kzbw hymJym-\n-¡p-¶p.

kw_Ôw þ C\n B {_Ò-X-Xzs¯ CtX P·-¯n Adnªn-cn- t¡-­Xv AXy´w Bh- iy- am-Ip¶p þ F¶p ]d-ªpsIm­v Cu {]I-c-Ws¯ D]-kw-l-cn-¡p-¶p.

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5. Cl tNZ-thZo ZY-kXyakvXn \ tNZn-lm-th-Zo-·-lXo hn\jvSn: `qtXjp `qtXjp hnNnXr [ocm: t{]Xym-k vam-tÃm-Im-Z-arXm `h-´n.

am\-h-Po- hnXw AXy´w ZpÀÃ- `- am-Ip- ¶p. AXp e`n- ¡p¶ a\p- jy³ ]c- am-ßm-hns\ {]m]n-¡p-¶-Xn\pÅ km[-\-I-fn X¸-c-\m-bn-¯o-cp-¶n-sÃ-¦n Ah³ Gähpw hep-Xmb sXäp {]hÀ¯n- ¡p-¶p. AXp-sIm-­mWp {ipXn-bn ]d-bpbmsXmcp alm-]p-cp-j³ ]c- {_-Ò-]- c-ta-iz-csâ km£m- ¶-Xv, "Cu ZpÀÃ-`-amb a\p-jy-i-cocw \ne-\n¡p-¶-Xp-hsc Xv¡mcw {]m]n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶pthm Ah-\n "Rm³ ]c-ta-iz- `K-h-XvIr]m ISm-£-¯m {]m]vX-am-bn-cn-¡p¶ km[\ cs\ Adn-ªn-cn-¡p¶p F¶pÅ Al-¦mcw Aev]-am{Xw kma-{Kn- IÄ D]-e-_v[-am- bn-cn- ¡p-t¼mÄ F{Xbpw thKw ]ct]mepw D­m-Ip-¶n-Ã. Ah³ ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ A\-´hpw am-ßm-hns\ Adn-bp-¶Xp FÃm {]Im-c-¯nepw t{ijvT-amAko-ahpw Bb aln-amÀ®-h-¯n \na-á-\mbn "]c-am- bn-cn-¡pw. am\-h-P-·-¯nsâ ]c-a-kmÀ°-IXbpw AXp-Xs¶- bm-Ip-¶p. Hcp ]t£ Cu kphÀ®m-h-kcw ssIhn-«pßmhp kzb-tah Xs¶ Adn-b-s¸-Sp¶p' F¶p a\-Ên-em¡p-¶p. AÃmsX aämÀ¡pw Xs¶ B almÀ®-h¯nsâ t]m-I-bm-sW-¦n ]n¶oSp kw`-hn-¡p-¶Xp alm-\m-i-am-bncn¡pw þ XpSÀ¨-bmbpw arXyp-a-b-kw-km-c-¯nsâ {]hml A¡c IS-¡p-hm³ km[y-a-Ã. Ako-a-bpsS koasb koam§fn HgpIn \S-t¡-­- Xmbpw hcp-¶p. At¸mÄ Icªp _-²-am-b-Xn\v F§s\ {]m]n-¡m³ Ignbpw? AXm-bXv ]Ým¯m]w {]I- S n-¸ n- ¡ p-I -b -à msX aäp bmsXmcp Rm³ {_Òs¯ Adn-ªn-cn-¡p-¶p. Rm³ Úm\n-bm-Ipt]mwhgnIfpw Ahtijn-¡p¶nÃ. {]]©¯nsâ {Xnhn[ ¶p, ]c-ta-iz-c³ F\n¡dnb-s¸«p Ignªp F¶v BscXm]-§-fnepw {Xnhn[ thZ-\Ifnepw \n¶p c£- ¸-Sp-¶-Xn¦nepw Icp-Xp-¶p-s­- ¦n AhÀ kÀÆYm {`a-¯n AI\pÅ Hcp Hcp t]mwhgn Pohn-IÄ am\-h-P-·-¯n Z£-Xs¸-«pIgnªncn-¡p-¶p. F´p-sIm-s­-¶m {_Òw C{]tbm-Sp-IqSn km[\ ]cm-b-Wcmbn X§-fpsS Pohs\ \nXyIm-c-apÅ Úm\-hn-j-b-a-Ã. F{Xtbm Úm\ km[-\-IÄ X-bn-te¡p th­n k^e-am-¡n- ¯oÀ¡pI F¶-Xm-Wv. a\pD­v. Ah-bn H¶n\p-t]mepw {_Ò-¯nsâ kao-]¯v jy-P·w IqSmsX aäpÅ A\-h[n tbm\nIsfÃmw-Xs¶ F¯p-¶-Xn\v km[n-¡p-¶n-Ã. AXp-sIm­v C{]-Imcw IÀ½- ^-e-§Ä A\p-`hn-¡p-¶-Xn-\mbn am{Xw {]m]vX- am-IpAdnhp k¼m-Zn-¨-hsc kw_-Ôn-¨n-St¯mfw ]c-am-ßmhp ¶p. Ah-bn Pohn-IÄ¡p ]c-am-ßm-hns\ {]m]n-¡p-¶-XnkZm AÚm-X-am-Ip-¶p. Adn- b-W-sa-¶pÅ A`n-am\w \ne- \pÅ bmsXmcp km[-\-Ifpw A\p-jvTn-¡p-hm³ km[y-a\n¡p-¶-Xp-hsc ]c-ta-iz-csâ km£mXvImcw e`yam-Ip- Ã. _p²n-am-·m-cmbhÀ Cu kwKXn a\-Ên-em-¡p-Ibpw ¶n-Ã. Adn-bW-sa-¶pÅ A`n-am\w Aev]-am{Xw t]mep-an- AhÀ AXn¡qSn ]c- am-ßm- hnsâ km£m-XvImcw {]m]n¨v Ãm¯ `mKy-hm-·m-cmb alm-]pcpj·mÀ¡p ]c-ta-iz-csâ Fs¶-t¶-¡p-ambn P\\ acW N{I-¯nÂ\n¶pw tamN\w km£m-Xv¡mcw e`yam-Ip-¶p. t\Sn Aa-c-·m-cm-bn-¯o-cp-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p.

3. bkym aXw Xky aXw aXw bky \ thZ k: Ahn-ÚmXw hnPm-\Xmw hnÚm-Xa-hn-Pm-\ -X mw.

4. {]Xn-t_m-[-hn-ZnXw aX-a-ar-XXzw ln hnµtX Bß\m hnµtX hocyw hnZybm hnµ-tX-arXw.
D]-cyp-à-amb hÀ®-\-¯n ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ GXp kzcq-] s¯ e£y-a m-¡ n-b m-b n-c n-¡ p-¶ pthm AXns\ Gähpw \¶mbn a\-Ên-em-¡p-¶-Xm-Ip¶p hmkvX-hn-I-amb Úm\w. X±zmcm ]c-am-ß-{]m-]Xnbpw e`y-am-Ip-¶p. ]c-amv ß-Úm\ {]Zm- bn- \n-bmb Úm\-cq- ]-iàn A´- cym- an- bmb ]c-am-ßm-hn-\m a\p-jyÀ¡p e`n-¡p-¶p. a{´-§-fnepw hnZy-I-fnepw \n¶v Aar-X-cq-]am-Ip¶ ]c-{_-Ò-¯nsâ {]m]vX n e`n- ¡ p-¶ p. X·qew a\p-j y- c n ]c-{ _Ò ]pcptjm¯-asâ bYmÀ° kzcq-]s¯ Adn-bp- ¶-Xn- \pÅ A`n-cp-Nnbpw DÕm-lhpw hÀ²n-¨p-sIm-­n-cn¡pw F¶p ]d-b-s¸-«n- cn-¡p- ¶p.

XrXo-b -JWvU w
kw_Ôw þ {]Ya JWvU-¯n {_Ò-¯nsâ kzcq-]XXzw a\-Ên-em-¡p-¶-Xn-\p-th­n AXnsâ iàn-bpsS kmt¦-XnI `mj-bn hn`n¶ {]Im- c-¯n ZnKvZÀi\w sN¿s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶p. c­m-as¯ JWvU-¯n {_Ò-Úm-\¯nsâ t{ijvT- X- sb-¸än ]d-bp-¶-Xn-\p-th­n {]Y-a-{]-I-cW-¯nsâ hÀ®-\-I-tfmSv Hä-t\m-«¯n {_Ò-¯nsâ kzcq]w F§ns\ tXm¶-s¸-Sp-¶pthm hmkvX-h-¯n AXnsâ ]qÀ®-cq]w A{X-bvs¡m¶pw Bbn-cn-¡p-¶nÃ; AXm-Is« AXnsâ aln-a-bpsS Awiw am{Xta BIp-¶pÅq. Pohm-ßm-hv, a\-Êv, {]mW³, C{µn-b§Ä apX-em-bhbpw Ah-bpsS tZh-X-Ifpw FÃmw-Xs¶ {_Ò-¯nÂ

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I \n¶pw A\p-{]m-Wn-Xhpw t{]cn-Xhpw iàn-a¯pw Bbn
Imcy-am{X {]k-à-§-fmbn hÀ¯n-¡p-¶p. aq¶m-as¯ JWvU-¯n hniz-¯n GtXXp PohnItfm ]ZmÀ°-§tfm iàn-a¯pw kpµ-chpw {]nb-s¸-«Xp-ambn tXm¶p-¶p-thm, Ah-bpsS Pohn-X-¯n ImW-s¸Sp¶ k^-e-X-IsfÃmw Xs¶ aln-X-s¶-bm-Ip-¶p-sh¶p ZrjvSm-´- §Ä aqew {Kln-¸n-¡p-¶p.

Cu Imcy-km-²y-¯n\v Aán Ign-hp-Å-h-\m-sW¶p I­v At±- l- t¯mSp ]dªp: "AÃtbm PmX- th- Zm, A§p t]mbn B b£w Bcm-sW-¶pÅ hnhcw Adn-ªp-sIm-­p-h-¶mepw.'' Aán¡p Xsâ _p²n-i-àn-bn A]m-c-amb KÀÆp­m-bn-cp-¶p. AXp-Im-cWw At±lw ]d-ªp, "\Ã-Im-cyw, Rm\p-S³ Xs¶ hnhcw Adn-ªp-h-cmw.'

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1. {_Òl tZtht`ym hnPntKy Xky l {_Ò tWm hnPtb tZhm Aa-lo-b´ X sF£- ´mkvam Ita-hmbw hnPtbm kvamIta-hmbw aln-ta-Xn.

4. XZ-`y-{Z-hXv Xa-`y-h-ZXv tImkoXy-ánÀhm Al-a-kvao-Xy-{_-ho-Öm-X-thZm hm Al-k va o-Xn.
CXn F´mWp {]bm-k-ap-Å-sX¶v Aán-tZ-h³ Nn´n-¨p. AXn-\m At±lw AXn-thKw b£-¯nsâ kao-]¯p sN¶p-tNÀ¶p. At±-ls¯ Xsâ kao]w I­n«p b£w tNmZn-¨p. ""A§m-cm- Ip¶p?'' At¸mÄ Aán hnNm-cn¨p; Fsâ tXtPm-a-b-cq-]s¯ FÃm-hcpw Adn-bp¶-Xm-WsÃm? Ch-\-§s\ Fs¶ Adn-bp-hm³ Ign-ªn-«nÃ. At±lw sNmSn-¨p-sIm-­p-¯cw ]d-ªp. ""Rm³ {]kn²-\mb Aán-bm-Ip-¶p. Fsâ ]Z-hn-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bXpw clky-]qÀ®-hp-amb \maw þ PmX-th-Z³ F¶m-Ip-¶p.

]c-{_Ò ]pcp-tjm-¯-a³ tZh-·m-cn Ir]-bp-Å-h-\mbn«v AhÀ¡p iàn {]Zm\w sNbvXp. AXp ImcWw AhÀ Akp-c- ·m-cpsS ta hnPbw hcn-¨p. Cu hnPbw hmkvXh-¯n `K-hm-tâ-Xp-X-s¶-bm-bn-cp-¶p. tZh-X-IÄ tIhew \nan¯w am{Xta Bbn-cp-¶p-Åq. F¶m B hkvXpX tZh-·mÀ AwKo-I-cn-¨n-Ã. AhÀ `K-hmsâ Ir]sb AwKoI-cn-¡msX B aln-asb X§-fpsS Ignhpw aln-abpw kw_Ôw þ At¸mÄ b£- cq-]-amb {_Òw Aán-tbmSp F¶p Icp-Xnbpw AXy´w Al-¦m-c-t¯m-Sp-IqSn X§Ä tNmZn¨p þ henb _e- im-en- I-fm- sW¶pw X§-fp-tS- Xmb _e-]u-cpjw 5. Xkvan-kvXzbn Inw hocy-an-Xn. A]oZw kÀÆw sIm­mWv Akp-c -·msc ]cm-P-b -s¸-Sp-¯ n-b -sX¶pw Ztl-bw, bZnZw ]rYn-hym-an-Xn. `mhn-¨p. Aán-bpsS KÀtÆmàn tI«n«p {_Òw H¶pw Adn-ªp2. Xss²jw hnPvÚu tXt`ym l Iq-Sm-¯-X- h-s\-t¸mse ]dªp þ "\Ã-Xv. A§v Aán-tZ-h{]mZpÀ_-`qh Xbpw PmX-th-Z\pw BW-tÃm. hfsc \à Imcyw. F¶m X¶ hyPm-\X InanZw b£-an-Xn. F\n¡p Nne-sXÃmw Adn-b-W-sa-¶p-­v. Zb-hp-sNbvXp ]dtZh- X-I-fpsS Al-¦m- cs¯ Icp- Wm-\n-[n-bmb `K-hm³ ªp-X-¶m sImÅmw.'. ""\n§-fn F´p iàn-bm-Wpa\-Ên-em-¡n. Cu Al¦mcw hf-cp-I-bm-sW-¦n Ah-cpsS ÅXv? \n§Äs¡´p sN¿m³ Ignbpw?'' CXn\v Aán-tZ]X\w XoÀ¨-bmbpw kw`-hn¡pw F¶ `à-Ieym-W-Im-cn- h³ KÀtÆm-Sp-IqSn adp-]Sn ]dªp þ F\n-s¡-´p-sN-¿pbmb `K-hm³ hnNm-cn-¨p. `à-h-Õ-e-\mb `K-hm\p `à- hm³ Ign-bp-sat¶m? CX-dn-bp-hm³ \n§-fm-{K-ln-¡p-¶p, ·m-cpsS ]X\w F§s\ kln- ¡p-hm³ Ignbpw? AXn-\m AsÃ? þ tl' Rm³ a\Êp hbv¡p-I-bm-sW-¦n Cu `qa`K-hm³ tZh-·m-cn Icp-W-bp-Å-h\mbn Ah-cpsS ZÀ¸w WvU-e-t¯bpw AXn-epÅ FÃm hkvXp-¡-tfbpw Icn¨p ian-¸n-¡p-¶-Xn-\p-th­n Ah-cpsS ap¼n Znhy-km-Im-c-b- Nm¼Â¡q-¼m-c-ambn amäp-hm³ Ign-bpw. £- cq-]-¯n {]Xy-£-\m-bn. tZh-·mÀ BÝ-cy-N-In-X-cm-bn. B AÛpX hnim-e-cq-]s¯ ImWp-Ibpw Cu Znhy-b£w F´v F¶p Nn´n-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXp. F¶m AhÀ¡v AXns\ Xncn-¨-dn-bp-hm³ Ign-ªn-Ã.

Aán-tZ-h-X-bpsS ho­p-apÅ KÀtÆm-àn-IÄ tI«tZh-· mÀ B AXn-hn-N n{X alm-Im-b-amb Znhy-b - t¸mÄ b£-cq-]-[m-cn-bmb ]c-{_Ò ]c-ta-iz-c³ At±-l£s¯ I­n«v B´-cn-I-ambn `b-s¸-Sp-Ibpw AXns\ ¯nsâ ap¼n-tebv¡v Hcp DW-¡-¸pÃv C«p-sIm-Sp-¯pAdn-bp-¶-Xn\p hy{K-cm-bn-¯o-cp-Ibpw sNbvXp. Aán-tZ- sIm­p ]dªp þ ""At§bv¡v FÃm-¯n-t\bpw Zln-¸nhX ]c-a-tX-P-kznbpw thZmÀ°-§- fpsS ÚmXmhpw FÃm ¡ p- h m³ Ign- b p- a - s Ãm. \nÊm- c - a mb Hcp _e- { ]PmX-]-ZmÀ°§-fp- tSbpw hnhc§Ä Adn-bp- ¶-h\pw kÀÆ- tbmKwsIm­v Cu XrWs¯ Pzen-¸n-¨m-epw.'' Aán-tZ-h³ Ú-cn kÀÆ-Ú\pw BWv. AXn-\m At±-l¯nsâ CXp X\n-s¡m-c-]- am-\-am-bn- ¡-cp- Xn-sb-¦nepw km[m-cW coXn]Z-hn-tbm-Sp-Iq-Snb \maw "PmX- th- Z³' F¶m-Ip-¶p. tZh- IÄ bn B ]pÃnsâ kao]w F¯n AXns\ `kva-am-¡p-¶-

3. tXána{_p-h-RvPm-XthZ GXZv hnPm-\oln InanZw b£-anXn XtY-Xn.

6. Xkvssa XrWw \nZ-[m-th-X-±-tl-Xn. XZp-] -t{]- b m-b -kÀÆ Pth-\, X¶ iimI ZKv[pw kXX Gh \nhr tX, ss\X-Z-iIw hnÚmXpw btZ-XZv b£-an-X n.

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K I Xn-\m-{K-ln-¨p. Bcw-`-¯n AXp `kva-am-Im-Xn-cp-¶-Xp-I­v X-s¶-btÃ? hfsc \à Imcyw. F¶m A§-bn F´p
At±lw Xsâ kIe iànbpw hn\n-tbm-Kn-¨p. ]s£ AXn\v Aev]w-t]mepw NqSv Gev]n-¡p-hm-\-t±-l-¯n\p Ignªn-Ã. AsX-§s\ NqSp-]n-Sn¡pw? Aán-bn-epÅ AánXzhpw Zml-I-Xzhpw AXnsâ iàn-bpsS aqe-`WvUm-Km-camb ]c-am-ßm-hnÂ\n¶pw e`y-am-bn-«p-Å-Xm-W-sÃm. AhnSp¶v B iàn-t{km-X-Êns\ XS-bp-I-bm-sW-¦n ]ns¶ FhnsS \n¶p iàn-hcpw? Aán-tZ-h³ CsXm¶pw {Kln¡msX ho¼n-f- ¡p-I-bm-bn-cp¶p sNbvX-Xv. F¶m {_Òw Xsâ iànsb XS-ªp-Ign-ª-t¸mÄ Aán¡v Hcp DW¡-¸p-Ãn-s\-t¸mepw Icn-¡p-hm³ km[n-¨n-Ã. At¸mÄ eÖbm Ip\nª inc- Êp-ambn lX- {]-Ú\pw lX- {]- `- \p-ambn Aán tZh-I-fpsS ASp-¡Â sN¶n«p ]d-ªp. ""B b£w Bcm-sW¶v F\n-¡-dn-bp-hm³ Ign-ªn-Ã.'' iàn-bp­v? At§bv¡v F´p sN¿p-hm³ Ignbpw? F¶p ]dªp tIĸn-¨m sImÅmw. CXn\v hmbphpw Aán-tb-t¸mse ho­pw Al-¦m-c-t¯m-Sp-IqSn adp-]Sn ]dªp þ ""Rm³ hnNm-cn-¨m Cu `qa-WvU-es¯bpw AXn-epÅ kI-e-t¯bpw bmsXm-cm-[m-chpw IqSmsX DbÀ¯p-Ibpw ]d-¯p-Ibpw sN¿mw.''

10. Xkvssa XrWw \nZ-[m-th-X-Zm-Z-tÕz-Xn. XZp]t{]bmb kÀÆ-P-th\ X¶ iim-Im-Zm-Xpw, k XX Gh \nh-hr-tX, ss\XZiIw hnPvRmXpw btZ-XZv b £an-Xn.

hmbp-tZ-hsâ ho­p-apÅ KÀtÆm-àn-IÄ tI«v FÃm¯n\pw k¯mb iàn \ÂIn-s¡m-­n-cn-¡p¶ ]c-{_Ò ]c- ta-iz-c³ At±- l-¯nsâ ap³]nepw Hcp DW-¡-¸pÃv C«p7. AY hmbp-a-{_p-h³ hmb-th-XZv sIm-Sp-¯p-sIm­p ]d-ªp. ""At§bv¡v FÃm-¯n-t\bpw hnPm-\oln Inta ]d-¯n-¡-f-bp-hm³ Ign-bp-a-tÃm. Aev]w _ew {]tbm-Kn¨v XZv b£-anXn XtY-Xn. Cu DW-¡-¸p-Ãns\ Aev]w ]d-X-¯n-¡m-Wn-¨m \¶m-bnAán-tZ-h³ ]cm-P-bs¸«p aS-§n-h-¶-t¸mÄ tZh-IÄ cp-¶p.'' hmbp-tZ-h\v Cu hm¡p-IÄ Xs¶ A]-am-\n-¡p-ICu Imcy-km-²y-¯n-\mbn A{]-Xn-a-i-àn-bmb hmbp-`-K- bm-sW¶p tXm¶n. F¦nepw km[m-c-W-co-Xn-bn B hms\ Xnc- sª-Sp- ¯n«v At±-l- t¯mSp ]d-ªp. ""AÃtbm ]pÃnsâ kao]w sN¶v AXns\ ]d-¯p-¶-Xn\v B{K-lnhmbp-tZh! A§p-t]mbn Cu b£w Bcm-sW-¶pÅ FÃm- ¨p. ]pÃp ]d- ¡m-Xn-cp- ¶-t¸mÄ Xsâ ]qÀ®-amb iàn hn\nhn-h-c-§fpw Adnªp h¶m-epw. ""hmbp `K-hm\pw Xsâ tbm-Kn¨p ]cn-{i-an-¨p-t\m¡n. F¶m kÀÆ-i-àn-am-\mb _p²n-ssh-`-h-¯n Aan-X-amb Al-¦m-c-ap-­m-bn-cp-¶p. ]c-am-ßm-hn-\m iàn XS-b-s¸-«-Xp-Im-cWw hmbp-hn\v AXn-\m At±lw ]dªp þ ""\à Imcyw. DS³ Xs¶ Aev] w-t]mepw AXp Nen-¸ n-¡ p-¶ -X n\p Ign- ª n-à . Rm³ hnh-c-a-dn-bmw.'' hmbphpw Aán-sb-t¸mse Xs¶ lX-{]-`\m-bn, eÖsIm­v apJw Xmgv¯n, aäp tZh-X-I-fpsS kao-]-sa-¯n-bn«p 8. XZ-`y-{Z-hXv Xa-`y-h-ZXv tImkoXn. hmbpÀhm ]d-ªp. ""Cu b£-am- cm-sW¶p a\- Ên-em- ¡p-hm³ F\n¡p Al-a-kvao-Xy-{_-ho-· m-Xc nizm hm Ign-ªn-Ã.''

Al-a -k va o- Xn.

hmbp-tZ-h³ Nn´n-¨p, ""Aán, Adn-bmsX FhnsSsb ¦nepw t]mbn-cn-¡pw. AsÃ-¦n Cu b£s¯ a\-Ên-em¡p-¶Xv A{X-h-enb kwK- Xn-bm-bn-cpt¶m? icn, Cu hnPb-¯nsâ am\yX F\n¡p Xs¶ e`n-¡pw.'' C§s\ Nn´n¨p-sIm­p b£- ¯nsâ kao- ]-sa- ¯n- t¨À¶p. At±-ls¯ kao- ]¯p I­-t¸mÄ b£w tNmZn¨p þ ""Xm¦Ä BcmWv?'' hmbp Xsâ KpW-Ku-ch§-fpsS KÀtÆm-Sp-IqSn adp-]Sn - ]dªp: ""Rm³ {]kn-²-\mb hmbp BIp-¶p, Fsâ ]Zhn-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bXpw cl-ky-]qÀ®-hp-amb t]cv amX-cnizm F¶m-W.v

11. AtY-{µ-a-{_p-h ³ aL-h -t¶-X Zv hnPm-\ oln Inta-XZv b£-an-Xn. XtYXn XZ-`y-{Z-h-Xv. XkvamXv XntcmZt[.

Aán, hmbp apX-emb A{]-Xn-a-i-àn-Ifpw _p²n-k¼-¶-·m-cp-amb tZh-·mÀ Ak-^-e-cmbn aS-§n-h-cn-Ibpw bmsXmcp Imc-Whpw ]d-bm-Xn-cn-¡p-Ibpw sNbvX -t¸mÄ tZh-X-IÄ Nn´n- ¨n«v tZh-cm- P-\mb C{µs\ Cu Imcy-¯nsâ \nÀÆ-l -W -¯ n-\mbn sXcsªSp-¯p. AhÀ At±-lt¯mSp ]d-ªp þ ""AÃtbm alm-_-ehm-\mb tZh-cmPm! C\n A§v t]mbn Cu b£w Bcm-sW-¶pÅ kIe hnhc-§fpw Adnªp h¶m-epw. At§-b¡-ÃmsX aämÀ¡pw v kw_Ôw þ b£-c q-] n-b mb {_Òw hmbp-h n-t\mSp Cu Imcy-¯n hnP-bw-h-cn-¡p-hm³ km[y-a-Ã.'' C{µ³ þ tNmZn¨p þ ""hfsc \ÃXv'' F¶p ]dªv AXn-thKw b£- ¯nsâ kao9. Xkvanw-kvXzbn Inw hocy-anXn? A]oZw kÀÆ ]-t¯-bv¡p-t]m-bn. C{µ³ AhnsS F¯n-b-t¸m-tgbv¡pw b£w At±-l-¯nsâ ap¼n \n¶p ad-ªp-I- gn- ªn-cp-¶p. amZ-Zo-bw, bZnZw ]rYn-hym-an-Xn. C{µ-t\mSp aäp tZh-X-I-tfm-Sp-Å-Xnepw _lp-am-\-ap-­m-bnhmbp-hnsâ taÂ{]-Im-c-apÅ KÀtÆmàn tI«n«v {_Òw cp-¶-Xp-sIm­v At±-l-t¯mSp kwkm-cn-¡p-hm-\pÅ AhCt±- l- t¯mSpw AXp- t]m-se- Xs¶ H¶pw Adn-ªp- Iq-Sm¯ kcw t]mepw b£w sImSp-¯n-Ã. F¶m C{µ³ Cu `mh-¯n ]d- ªp. sImÅmw, A§v hmbp-tZ-h-\m-WsÃm? Hcp tZmjw Hgn-¨m asäÃm hn[- ¯nepw {_Ò- Úm-\-¯n\v A´-co-£-¯n B[m-c-an-ÃmsX k©-cn-¡p-¶-h³ A§p- A[n-Im-cn-bm-bn-cp-¶p. AXn-\m At±-l-¯n\p {_Ò-X-Xz-

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I Úm-t\m-]tZiw \evtI-­Xv Hcp Bh-iy-amWv F¶p IcpXn, AXn-\pÅ hyh-Ø-IÄ sN¿p-¶-Xn-\mbn At±lw kzbw A´À[m\w sNbvXp.

12. k Xkv a n- t ¶- h mImti kv { Xnbam PKm- a _plptim`am \mapamw ssla- h Xow Xmw tlmhmN Inta-XZv b£-an-Xn.
b£w A´À²m\w sNbvXp Ignªn«pw C{µ³ AhnsS-¯s¶ \n¡p-I-bm-bn-cp-¶p. Aán-tbtbm hmbp-hnt\tbm t]mse Ahn- s S- \ n¶pw aS-§ n-t ¸m- I p- ¶ n-à . X£Ww b£w \n¶n-cp¶ AtX Øm\¯v AXy´w tim`m-a-bn-bmb lnam-Ne Ipamcn Dam-tZhn {]Xy-£-s¸-«p. \n¡p-¶-Xmbn C{µ³ I­p. Dam-tZ-hnsb I­-t¸mÄ C{µ³ tZhn-bpsS kao-]-t¯bv¡p sN¶p. C{µ-t\mSp IcpW-tXm- ¶n, Icp-Wm- a-b-\mb ]c-{_Ò ]pcp- tjm- ¯-a³ Xs¶ Dam-cq-]-¯n-epÅ km£m {_Ò-hn-Zysb {]Xy-£-s¸-Sp¯n- b-Xm-bn-cp-¶p. C{µ³ `àn- ]p-c-Êcw Ah- tcmSp ]dªp ""`K-hXn! A§v kÀÆÚ intcm-a-Wn-bmb Cuiz-c³ {ioi¦csâ kzcq-]-i-àn-bm-Ip-¶p. AXn-\m FÃm kwKXn-I-tfbpw XoÀ¨-bmbpw Adn-bp-hm³ Ign-bpw. A§p Ir]m- ]qÀÆw Ft¶mSv Acp-fn- s¨- bXm-epw. ""F\n¡v ZÀi\w v \ÂIn-bn«v A§v DS³ ad-ªp-t]mb B Znhy-b£w BcmsW¶pw F´p-t±-i-t¯m-Sp-IqSn {]Xy-£- s¸-«p-sh¶pw ]db- tW.''

am-\zn-Xcpw iàn-am-·m-cp-ambn `hn-¨pthm B ]cm-i-ànbpsS aln-asb Adn-ªp-sIm-Åp-hn³. {_Ò-¯nsâ iànbm-eÃm-sX, X§-fp-tS-Xmb kzX{´ iàn-bm Fs´¦nepw sN¿p-hm³ Ignbpw F¶p kz]v\-¯nÂt]mepw Nn´n-¨p-t]m-I -c pXv! Dam-tZ-h n-b psS adp-] -Sn-bnÂ\n¶p km£m ]c-{_-Ò-]-c- ta-iz- c³X-s¶- bm-bn-cp¶p X§- fpsS ap¶n b£-cq-]-¯n {]Xy£s¸-«-sX¶p tZh-·m-cn {]Y-a-\mb C{µ\p a\-Ên-em-bn.

K

2. XkvamZzm GtX tZhm AXn-X -c m-an-h m-\ ym-³ tZhm³ bZKv\ nÀhm-b p-c n-{ µkv tX tly\-t ¶ZnjvTw ]kv]ÀipkvtX tly\Xv {]Ytam hnZm©-Imc {_tÒ-Xn.
tZh-X-I-fn Aán, hmbp, C{µ³ Chsc ]c-a-t{i-jvT·m-cmbn IW-¡m-¡- Ww. F´p-sIm- s­- ¶m AhÀ aq¶pt]cpw {_Òs¯ kv]Àin¨p Ign-ªn-cn-¡p-¶p. ]c-{_Ò ]c-am-ßm-hnâ ZÀi-\-¯n-tâbpw At±-ls¯ ]cn-Nb-s¸Sp-¶-Xn-\pÅ ]cn-{i-a-¯n apgp-In-bn-cp-¶-Xn³tdbpw At±l- t¯mSp hmÀ¯m-em]w sNbvXXntâbpw ]ca ku`mKyw AhÀ¡p am{Xw e`y-am-bn. X§Ä bmsXm1-¶ns\ ZÀin¨pthm bmsXm- ¶n- t\mSp hmÀ¯m- em]w \S- ¯ntbm bmsXm¶nsâ iàn-bm Xkp-cp-·m-cp-sS-ta hnPbw ssIh-cn¨pthm AXp-Xs¶ km£m ]c-{_-Ò]-c-am-ßmhv F¶ kXyw AhÀ BZyw {Kln-¨p.

kmcmwisas´-¶m ku`m-Ky-im-en-Ifmb alm-]p-cpj-·mÀ GsX-¦ nepw Imc-W-h-i m `K-h msâ Znhy-k1. km {_tÒXn tlmhm-N. {_ÒtWm hm GX ¼À¡w e`y-am-¡p-¶p. At±-l-¯nsâ ZÀi-\w, kv]Ài-\w, ZznPtb alo-b-[z-an-Xn, XtXm sslh hnZzm-©- At±-l-t¯mSp hmÀ¯m-em]w sN¿p-¶-Xn-\pÅ Ah-kcw Imc {_tÒ-Xn. Ch-sbÃmw AhÀ¡p In«p-¶p. Cu a{´-¯n At±-ltZh- cm-Psâ tNmZy- ¯n-\p-¯-c-am- bn«v Dam- tZhn C{]- Imcw ¯nsâ alna C{µm-Zn-tZ-h-·m-cpsS DZm-l-c-Ww-sIm­p adp-]Sn ]d-ªp. ""\n§Ä I­Xpw Ct¸mÄ A´À²m\w hyà-am- ¡n-bn-cn-¡p-¶ p. sNbvXXp-amb B Znhy-b£w km£m ]c-{_Ò ]c-ta- kw_Ôw þ Cu aq¶p-tZ-h-X-Ifn Aán-tbbpw hmbpiz-c³ Xs¶ Bbn-cp-¶p. \n§Ä Akp-c-·m-cpsS ta hn-t\bpw At]-£n¨p tZh-cm-P-\mb C{µ³ t{ijvT-\mhcn¨ hnPbw B {_Ò-¯nsâ iàn-sIm­p kw`-hn-¨- sW¶p ]d-bp¶p þ Xm-b n-cp-¶p. AXm-bXv hmkvX -h-¯n AXv ]c-{_-Ò3. XkvamZv hm Ct{µmXnX-cm-an-hm-\ym³ tZhm³ ¯nsâ hnPbw Xs¶-bm-bn-cp-¶p. \n§Ä AXn-s\mcp k tly\-t¶-Znjv Tw ]kv] Ài, k tly\Xv ImcWw am{Xta Bbn- cp-¶p-Åq. \n§-fm-Is« {_Ò-¯nsâ {]Ytam hnZm-©-Imc {_tÒ-Xn. Cu hnP-bs¯ kz´w hnP-bambn Icp-Xp-Ibpw AXnsâ aln-asb X§-fpsS aln-a-sb¶p Icp-Xp-Ibpw sNbvXp. Aán¡pw hmbp-hn\pw b£-cq-]-¯n {]Xy-£-s¸« CXp \n§fp Zpcl¦mc-am-bn-cp-¶p. ]ca Imcp-Wn-I\mb {_Ò-¯nsâ ZÀi-\hpw hmÀ¯m-em] ku`m-Kyhpw In«n]c-am-ßmhv \n§-fp-sS-ta IcpW tXm¶n Akp-c- ·m-cp-sS- bn-cp-¶p. F¶m AhÀ¡v AXnsâ kzcq-]-Úm\w e`nta \n§Ä¡p hnPbw \ÂIn. B ]c-am-ßm-hp-Xs¶ ¨n-Ã. `K-hXn Dam-tZ-hn-bnÂ\n¶v Gähpw BZyw C{µ\v \n§-fpsS \·-b¡p-th­n \n§-fpsS Zpc-l-¦m-cs¯ ian- kÀÆ-i-àn-am-\mb ]c-{_-Ò-]p-cp-tjm-¯-asâ XXz-s¯-¸v ¸n-¡p-¶-Xn\p b£sâ cq]w [cn¨p {]Xy-£-s¸-Sp-Ibpw än-bpÅ Úm\-ap-­m-bn. XZ-\-´cw C{µ³ ]d-ª-Xp-sImAán-bp-sSbpw hmbp-hn-tâbpw KÀÆw ian-¸n-¡p-Ibpw ­mWv AhÀ¡pw B Úm\w D­m-b-Xv. AXn\p tijw AXp- t]mse \n§Ä¡p hmkvX- hn-I-Úm\w \ÂIp- ¶- Xn\v Ch-cnÂ\n¶pw aäpÅ tZh-IÄ B b£w km£m ]cFs¶ t{]cn-¸n-¡p-Ibpw sNbvX n-cn-¡p-¶p. AXn-\m {_-Ò-]-c-ta-iz-c³ Xs¶- bm-bn-cp-¶p. F¶ kXyw a\-Ên-em\n§Ä kz´w hmkvX-hnI iàn-sb-¶pÅ Al-¦mcw ¡n. A§ns\ Hmtcm-cp-¯-cnÂ\n¶pw tI«p-tI-«mWv HmtcmssIsh-Snªv GsXmcp {_Ò- ¯nsâ aln- a-bnÂ\n¶p aln- cp-¯cpw bmYmÀ°yw a\-Ên-em-¡n-b-Xv. AhÀ¡p ]c-ta-

NXpÀ°-JWvU w

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I iz-c-t\mSv kwkm-cn-¡p-¶-Xnt\m At±-l-¯nsâ XXzs¯
{Kln-¡p-¶-Xnt\m Ign-ªn-Ã. AXp-Im-cWw AJn-e-tZ-h-XI-fnepw Aánbpw hmbphpw C{µ\pw kÀÆt{ijvT-·mcmbn KWn-¡-s¸-Sp-¶p. ImcWw Cu aq¶p-t]À¡pw {_ÒZÀi-\hpw XXz-Úm-\-]Xnbpw e`y-am-bn. F¶m Gähpw v BZyw C{µ³ At±-l-¯nsâ XXzs¯ {Kln-¨Xn-\m C{µ³ kÀÆ-t{i-jT-\mbn am\n-¡-s¸-Sp-¶p. v kw_Ôw þ C\n apI-fn ]dª {_Ò-X-Xzs¯ B[nssZ-hn-IZr-jSm-´w-aqew a\-Ên-em-¡p-¶p. v

Ignª a{´-¯n B[n-ssZhnI ZrjvSn-tbm-Sp-IqSn ]d-bs¸« Imcyw Xs¶ CXn B²ym-ßnI ZrjvSn-bn ]d-bs¸- «n-cn-¡p-¶ p.

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kw_Ôw þ C\n B {_Ò- ¯nsâ D]m- k\m {]Im- c- §fpw AXnsâ ^e-§fpw ]d-bp¶p:

6. X² XZz\w \ma XZz-\-an-Xyp-]m-kn-Xhyw k b GXtZhw thZm-Zn-ssl\w kÀÆmWn `qXm\n kw hmRvO-´n.
B\-µ-kz-cq-]-\mb ]c-{_Ò ]c-ta-iz-c³ FÃm-hÀ¡pw AXy´w {]nb-¦-c-\m- Ip- ¶p. FÃm Pohn- Ifpw Hmtcmtcm coXnbn At±-ls¯ B{K- ln-¡p-¶p. F¶m Xncn-¨-dn-bp-¶nÃ. AXp-Im-cWw kpJ-¯nsâ cq]-¯n At±-ls¯ At\z-jn-¨p-sIm-WavSv ZpxJ-kz-cq-]-§-fmb hnj-b-§-fn Ae-ªp-Xn-cn-ªp-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. At±-ls¯ {]m]n-¡phm³ Ign-bp-¶n-Ã. Cu clkyw a\-Ên-em¡n km[-I³ B ]c-{_-Ò-]c-am-ßm-hns\ Poh\p Xpeyw {]nb-am-bn-¡-cpXn AXns\ þ \nXyhpw AN-ehpw Aa-ehpw A\-´hpw Bb ]c-am-\µ kzcq-]s¯ þ Nn´n¨p Ign-bWw. C{]-Imcw sNbvXp- sNbvXv B\µ kzcq- ]- \mb ]c-am- ßm-hnsâ km£mXv¡mcw {]m]n- ¡p-t¼mÄ Ah³ kzbw B\- µ- a- b-\m- bn-¯ocp-¶p. AXm-bXv PK-¯nse FÃm {]mWn-Ifpw Ahs\ X§-fpsS Bßo-b-am-bn-¡-cpXn Ahs\ lrZ-bw-K-a-ambn kvt\ln-¡m³ XpS-§p-¶p.

4. Xsskyj BtZtim btZ-XZv hnZyptXm hyZypXZm CXo-¶y-ao-an-jZm CXy-[n-ssZ-h-Xw.
km[-Isâ lrZ-b-¯n {_Òw km£m-XvI-cn-¡-s¸-Sp¶-Xn-\pÅ Xo{hm-`n-emjw I¯n-Öz-en-¡pt¼mÄ `K-hm³ Ahsâ DXv¡- WTsb H¶p-IqSn Xo{hhpw D¡-S-hp- am-¡pv ¶-Xn-\p-th­n hnZypXv {]Imiw t]msebpw I®p Nn½p-¶Xp-t]m-sebpw Xsâ kzcq-]¯nsâ £Wn-I-amb Hcp ZÀi\w \ÂIn-bn«v Hfn-¨ p-I-f-bp-¶ p. ]qÀtÆm-à-amb BJym-\-¯n C{]-Imcw Xs¶ C{µsâ ap¼n \n¶pw Znhy-b-£- ¯nsâ A´À²m-\s¯ CXp kqNn-¸n-¡p-¶p. km[-Isâ I¬ap³]ntem AY- hm, lrZ-b-tZ-i- ¯ntem BZy-ambn `K-hmsâ kmIm-ctam \ncm-Im-ctam Bb cq]ZÀi\w AsÃ- ¦n A\p-`hw D­m-Ip-t¼mÄ Ah³ B\µmÝcy-§-fm NIn-X-\m-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. X¡m-c-W¯m Ahsâ lrZ-b-¯n Xsâ Bcm-²y-tZ-hs\ \nc´cw I­p-sIm- ­n-cn-¡p-¶-Xn\pw A\p-`- hn-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p¶-Xn\pw A\n-hm-cyhpw D¡-S-hp-amb A`n-emjw Dev]¶-am-Ip-¶p. ]ns¶ Ah\p £W-t\-c-t¯-¡p-t]mepw CjvSkm£mXv¡mcw IqSmsX im´n e`n-¡p-¶n-Ã. Cu kwKXn Xs¶ Cu a{´-¯n B[n-ssZ-hn-I-amb DZm-lcWw sIm­p hyà-am-¡n-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. kw_Ôw þ C\n Cu kwKXn Xs¶ B²ym-ßnI `mh¯n shfn-s¸-Sp-¯p¶p þ

7.

D]-\n-jZw t`m {_qlo-X yp-à mX D]-\n-jZv {_mÒow hmh X D]-\n-j-Z-{_qta-Xn.

5. AYm-²ymßw btZ-X-ZvK-Ñ-Xoh N at\mt\\ ssNX-Zp-]-kva-c-Xy-`o£vW w k¦ev]x
bmsXmcp km[-I\p Xsâ a\Êv Bcm-²y-tZ-h-X-bmb {io`-K-hmsâ kao]w hsc F¯n-t¨À¶-Xmbn A\p-`-h-s¸Sp-¶pthm Ah³ Xsâ a\-Ên¡qSn `K-hmsâ \nÀKpWtam kKp-Wtam Bb GXp kzcq-]s¯ Nn´n-¡p-Ibpw AXnsâ {]Xy-£m-\p-`qXn D­m-hp-Ibpw sN¿p-¶pthm At¸mÄ kzm`m-hn-Iam-bn-¯s¶ Ah³ AXn eo\-\mbn-¯o-cp-¶p. ]ns¶ Ah\p Xsâ CjvS-ssZ-h-¯nsâ £W-t\- c-t¯- ¡p- t]m- ep- apÅ hnkvarXn kln- ¡p-hm³ Ignbp-¶-X-Ã. B kabw Ah³ AXy´w hymIp-eX-tbmSp IqSn-b-h- \m-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. Ah³ \ntXy-\, \nc-´-c-ambn t{]a]qÀÆw AXns\ kvacn-¡p-Ibpw kzlr-Z-b¯n Xsâ CjvS-ssZ-hs¯ {]m]n-¡p- ¶-Xn\v A\n-hm-cyhpw D¡- S-hpamb A`n-e mjw DÅ-h -\ m-b n-¯ o-c p-I bpw sN¿p-¶ p.

Kpcp-tZ-h- \n \n¶pw kmt¦-XnI `mj-bn {_Ò-hnZym kw_-Ôn-bmb t{ijvtTm-]-tZ-i-§Ä {ihn-¨n«pw injy\v AXp ]qÀ®-cq-]¯n lrZn-Ø-am-¡p-hm³ Ign-ªn-Ã. AXn-\m Ah³ C{]-Imcw {]mÀ°n-¨p. ""`K-h mt\! F\n¡v D]-\n-jZv cl-ky-a-bn-bmb {_Ò-hnZy D]-tZ-in-¨pX-¶m-epw.'' AXn\p Kpcp-tZ-h³ ]d-ªp, ""hÕ! \mw \n\¡p {_Ò-hnZy D]-tZ-in¨p X¶pI-gn-ªp. \nsâ tNmZy¯nsâ D¯-c-ambn "t{im{Xky t{im{Xw' apX XpS§n apI-fn ]d-ªn-cn-¡p¶ a{´-§Ä hsc bmsXm-¶p-]-tZin-¨n-cn-¡p-¶pthm AXp \o ZrV-ambn {Kln-¨p-sIm-Åp-I. AXp \nÝ-b -ambpw cl-ky-a-bn-bmb {_Ò-h n-Zy-bpsS D]tZiw Xs¶- bm-Ip-¶p. kw_Ôw þ {_Ò-hn-Zy-bpsS {ih-W-am-{X- bn¯s¶ {_Ò-kz-cq-]-¯nsâ clkyw a\-Ên-em-¡p-hm³ km[n-¡p¶n-Ã. AXn\p {]tXyI km[-\-I-fpsS Bhiyw D­m-Ip¶p. AXn-\m C\n B {][m\ km[-\- Isf hÀ®n-¡p¶pþ

8. Xssky Xt]m Za: IÀt½Xn {]XnjvTm thZm: kÀÆmwKm\n kXy-am-b-X -\w.
hmbn¨p ]Tn-¨v, Dcp-hn«v {_Ò-Úm-\n-bm-bn-¯oÀ¶p; CXv {_Ò-hn-Zysb ]cn-lkn-¡epw kzbw h©-\bn-e-Is¸-S-ep-am-Ip-¶p. {_Ò-hn-Zy-bm-Ip¶ {]mkm-Z-¯nsâ ASn¯d þ Xm]w, Zaw, IÀ½w apX-emb km[-\-Ifm-Ip-¶p. Ch-

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I bpsS ta cl-ky-a-bn-bmb {_Ò-hnZy A[n-jvTn-X-am-bn-

apI-fn ]d-ªn-cn-¡p¶ {]Im-c-¯n bmsXm-cp-¯³ cn-¡pw. bmsXmcp km[-I³ kz[À½-]cn-]m-e-\¯ n-\p- D]-\n-jZv cq]-amb {_Ò-hn-Zy-bpsS cl-ky-s¯ {Kln-¡pth­n AXn-I-Tn-\-§-fmb IjvS-X-Isf klÀjw kzmKXw ¶pthm AXm-bXp XZ\pk-c-W-amb km[-\-I-fn hym]rsN¿n-¶n-Ã-tbm, bmsXm-cp-¯³ a\-Ên-t\bpw C{µn-b§- X- \m-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm Ah³ kakvX ]m]§sf ]c-am-ßtfbpw \¶mbn kzm[o- \n- s¸-Sp-¯p- ¶n- Ã- tbm, bmsXm-cp- ¯³ km£mXv¡m-c- ¯n\v {]Xn-_-Ô-§-fmbn \n¡p¶ kIe \njvIm- a- `m-h-t¯m-Sp- IqSn A\m- k- à- \mbn hÀ®m{ia-[À½- ip`m-ip` IÀ½-§-tfbpw \ntÈjw \in-¸n¨v \nXyhpw §sf A\p-jvTn-¡ p-¶n- Ãtbm Ah\p {_Ò-hn-Zy-b psS kÀÆ-t{i-jvT-hp-amb ]c-a-[m-a-¯n ØnXn-sN-¿pw. HcnbYmÀ°-c-lkyw Adn-bp-hm³ km[n-¡p-¶nÃ; F´p-sIm- ¡epw Ah\v AhnsS \n¶p aS-t§-­-Xmbn hcp-¶n-Ã. s­-¶m Ahsb {Kln- ¡p¶Xn\pÅ {][m\ B[m- c- §Ä Ah³ Fs¶-t¶-b¡p-ambn AhnsS {]Xn-jTn-¡-s¸-Sp-¶p. v v Ch-bm-Ip-¶p. Iq«-¯n thZw B {_Ò-hn-Zy-bpsS FÃm ChnsS "{]Xn-jTXn' F¶ ]Z- ¯nsâ ]p\-cp-¨m-cWw {KÙv AwK-§- fp-am-sW¶pw Adn-ªn- cn-¡-Ww. thZ-¯n¯-s¶- k-am-]vXn-bpsS kqN\ Xs¶-bm-Ip-¶p. AtXm-sSm¸w D]bm-Ip-¶p, {_Ò-hn-Zy-bpsS AwK-{]-Xyw-K-§-fpsS hymJym- tZ-i-¯nsâ \nÝn-X- Xz-t¯bpw {]Xn-]m-Zn-¡p-¶p. \w. AXp- sIm­p thZs¯ AXn- hn-i-Z-amb coXn- bn A²yb\w sN¿p-Ibpw kXy-kz-cq-]- ]-c-ta-iz-c³ AXm-bXv {XnIme-_m-[n-X-\mb k¨n-Zm-\-µ-L\ ]ctaiz-c³, B {_Ò-hn- im´n- ] mTw Zy-bpsS ]c-a-amb A[n-jvTm-\hpw B{i-b-a-Øm-\-hpw, ]cHmw B]ym-b´p aam-MvKm\n hmIv {]mW-Ý£px a-e-£yhpw BIp-¶p. AXn-\m B {_Òs¯ e£yam¡n bmsXm-cp-¯³ thZm-\p-k-c-W-ambn X]w, Zaw, t{im{X-atYm _e-an-{µn-bmWn N kÀÆm-Wn, kÀÆw \njvIm-a-IÀ½w CXp-IÄ sN¿p-¶pthm Ah\p am{Xta {_Òu ]\n-jZw amlw {_Ò \ncmIpcymw am aw {_Ò-hn-Zy-bpsS kÀÆ-kz-amb ]c-{_Ò ]pcp-tjm-¯-as\ {_Ò-\n-cm-I-tcm-Xv, A\n-cm-I-c-W-a-kvXz-\n-cm-I-cWw takvXp. XZm- ß \n \nc tX b D ]- \ n- j Õp {]m]n-¡p-hm³ km²y-am-Ip-I-bp-Åq.

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9. tbm hm GXm-tahw thZm-]-lXy ]m]vam-\ -a-\ t´ kzÀtK temtI tPytb {]Xn-Xn-jvTXn {]Xn-X n-j vT -X n.

[À½mkvtX abn k´p tX abn k´p. Hmw im´nx im´nx im´nx

(CXnsâ AÀ°w Cu D]-\n-j-¯nsâ Bcw-`-¯n sImSp-¯n-«p-­ v.)

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1
im´n- ] mTw

apÞtIm]-\n-j¯v

3

Cu D]-\ n-j¯v AYÀÆ-th-Z¯nse iu\-I o-im-JbnÂs¸-«-Xm- W.v

kzkvXn \kvXmÀt£ym Acn-jvS-t\anx kzkvXn t\m _rl-kvX-]nÀZ-[m-Xp. Hmw im´nx ! im´nx ! im´nx !!!
Kpcp-Ip-e-¯n A²y-b\w \S-¯p¶ injy³ kz´w Kpcp, kl-]m-Tn-IÄ am\-h-k-ap-Zmbw F¶n-h-cpsS \·sb Nn´n- ¨p-sIm­p tZh- I- tfmSp {]mÀ°n-¡p- ¶p. AÃtbm tZhK-W-§-tf, R§Ä kz´w ImXp-Ifn¡qSn awK-f-I-c-§fmb hN-\§Ä tIÄ¡-tW. \nµ, apJ-kXp-Xn, AkXyw v AYhm aäp ]m]-I-c-§-fmb Imcy-§Ä F¶nh R§-fpsS IÀ®-§-fn ]Xn-¡msX R§-fpsS kz´w PohnXw bmK-

Hmw `{Zw IÀt®`nx {iWp-bma tZhm `{Zw ]tiyam£- `n-Àb-P{Xmx Ønssc-c-MvssK-k vXp-j vSphmw kkvX-\q`nÀhytia tZh-lnXw bZmbpx kzkvXn \ Ct{µm hr²-{ihmx kzkvXn \x ]pjm hniz-thZmx

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I ]-cm-b-W-ambn `hn-¡-tW. R§Ä kZm `K-hmsâ Bcm-[\-b n hym]r-X -c m-b n-c n-¡ -W -ta. IÀ®-§ ÄsIm­p tIÄ¡pI am{X-a-ÃmsX t\{X-§ÄsIm­p kZm awKfw ZÀin-¡p-Ibpw sN¿-W-ta. GsX-¦nepw Aaw-K-e-Im-cntbm AYhm \mi-¯n- tebv¡p \o§n-s¡m-­n-cn¡p¶tXm Bb ImgvN-I-fn-te¡v R§-fpsS ZrjvSn-IÄ Hcn-¡epw BIÀjn¡-s¸-Sm-Xn-cn-¡-tW. R§-fpsS ico-chpw Hmtcmtcm Ahb-h-§fpw kpZr-Vhpw kp]p-jvShpw Bbn-¯ o-c-tW. AXpw `K-hms\ kvXpXn-¡p-¶-Xn-\p-th­n am{X-am-tI-W-ta. R§-fpsS BbpÊv t`mK-hn-emk§fnepw {]am-Z-§-fnepw IqSn IS¶p t]mIm- Xn-cn-¡-tW. `K-hXv Imcy-§- fn {]tbmP-\-s¸-Sp-¶-Xn-\p-th-­n-bpÅ BbpÊv R§Ä¡p e`n-¡tW. (tZ-h-IÄ R§-fpsS FÃm C{µn-b-§-fnepw {]th-in¨v Ahsb kwc-£n-¡p-Ibpw \bn-¡ p-I bpw sN¿p-¶p. AhÀ¡-\p-Iq-eambn hÀ¯n- ¡p-¶-Xp-sIm­v R§-fpsS C{µn-b§Ä¡p kpK-a-ambn k·mÀ¤-¯nÂIqSn Nen-¡phm³ Ign-bp-¶p. AXn-\m Ah-tcmSpw {]mÀ°n-¡p-¶Xv DNn-X-am-Ip-¶p) FÃm-Zn-¡nepw IoÀ¯n- ]-c-¶n- «pÅ tZh-cmP³ C{µ³, kÀÆ-Ú-\mb ]qjm, Acn-jS-\n-hm-c-I-\mb v XmÀ£y³ (K-cp-U³) _p²n-cm-Pm-hmb _rl-k]Xn þ Cu v FÃm tZh-X-Ifpw `K-hmsâ Znhy-hn-`q-Xn-Ifm-Ip-¶p. ChÀ kZm R§Ä¡v awKfw hÀ²n-¸n-¡-tW. Ch-cpsS Ir]bm R§-tfm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bpÅ FÃm Poh-Pm-e -§Ä¡pw awKfw D­m-bn-s¡m-­n-cn-¡-tW. B²ym-ßn-Ihpw B[nssZ-hn-I-hpw, B[n-`u-Xn-I-hp-ambn FÃm Xm]-§Ä¡pw im´n-bp-­m-¡tW!

"]c' hpw "A]-chp' amb c­p kzcq-]-§-fp-tSbpw ]qÀ®amb Úm\w e`n-¨pthm AXns\ {_Ò-hn-Zy-sb¶p ]d-bp¶p. CXv FÃm hnZy-I-fp-tSbpw B{i-bam-Ip-¶p. -

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2. AYÀÆtW bmw {]h-tZX {_Òmþ YÀhm Xmw ]ptcm-hm-Nm-MvKntc {_Ò-hnZymw k `mc-Zzm-Pmb kXy-h-lmb {]ml `mc-Zzm-tPmMvKnctk ]cm-h-cmw.
AYÀÆ alÀjn¡p {_Òm-hnÂ\n¶p e`y-amb {_Òhn-Zysb At±lw AwKnc Êpa-lÀjn¡p ]d-ªp-sIm-Sp¯p. AwKn-c-Êp-a-lÀjn `c-Zzm-P-tKm-{X- ¯n ]nd¶ kXyh-l³ F¶p t]cpÅ alÀjn¡p ]d-ªp-sIm-Sp-¯p. `mcZzm-P-a-lÀjn ]mc-¼-cy-ambn \ne-\n-¶n-cp¶ {_Ò-¯nsâ ]c, A]- c- kz- cq-]-¯nsâ Úm\w ]IÀ¶p-sIm- Sp-¡p¶ Cu {_Ò-hn-tZym-]tZiw alÀjn AwKn-c-Ên\p \ÂIn. -

3. iu\tIm l ssh alm-imtem MvKnckw hn[nh- Z p- ] - k ¶ x ] {] - Ñ . Ik van¶ p ` Kthm hnÚmtX kÀÆ-anZw hnÚmXw `h-Xo-Xn.
iu\-I³ F¶ t]cn {]kn- ²- \mb Hcp alÀjn D­mbn- cp-¶p. At±lw Hcp henb hniz-hn-Zym-e- b-¯nsâ Øm]I\pw Bbn-cp-¶p. ]pcm-W-a-\p-k-cn¨v At±-l-¯nsâ EjnIp-e-¯n F¬]-s¯- ®m-bncw alÀjn- amÀ hkn-¨n-cp-¶p. At±lw D]-cypà {_Ò-hnZy ]Tn-¡p-¶-Xn-\mbn imkv{Xhn-[n-b-\p-k- cn¨p Ic-§-fn kan¯v FSp- ¯p-sIm­v `àn]qÀÆw alÀjn AwKn-c-Ênsâ ASp-¡Â h¶p. At±lw AXy´w hn\-b-]qÀÆw alÀjn-tbmSp tNmZn-¨p. "`K-h³, bmsXm¶p \¶mbn Xncn-¨-dn-ª-Xn-\p-tijw ImWp-¶Xpw tIÄ¡p-¶Xpw A\p-am-\n-¡p-¶Xp-amb FÃmw Xncn-¨-dn-bp¶-Xn\p Ign-bp-t¶m, B ]c-a-XXzw F´m-Ip¶p? AXns\ F§s\ Xncn-¨dn-bp-hm³ Ignbpw F¶p Zb-hmbn Acp-fns¨- bXmepw! v

{]Y- a- ap-W vU Iw
{]Y-a-J Wv Uw 1. Hmw {_Òm tZhm\mw {]Y-ax-kw-_`qh hnizky IÀ¯m `ph-\ky tKm]vXm k {_Ò-hnZymw kÀÆ-hn-Zym-{]-Xn-jvTmþ aYÀhmb tPyjvT-]p-{Xmb {]ml.
("Hmw' Cu ]c-ta-izc \mas¯ kvacn-¨p-sIm­v D]-\nj-¯m-cw-`n-¡p-¶p. CXp-h-gn-bmbn Hmtcm Imcyhpw Bcw-`n¡p-t¼mÄ a\p-jy³ Cuiz-cs\ kvacn-¡p-Ibpw At±-l¯nsâ \mtam-¨m-cWw Ahiyw sN¿p-Ibpw thW-sa¶p kqNn-¸n-¡-s¸-Sp- ¶p.)

4. Xkvssa k tlmhm-N. tZz hntZy thZn-Xthy CXn l kva bZv{_-Ò-hntZm hZ´n ]cm ssNhm ]cm-N.
C{]-Imcw alÀjn iu\-Isâ tNmZy-¯n\v alÀjn AwKn-cÊv ]dªp þ ""iu\-I, {_Òs¯ {Kln-¨n-«pÅ alÀjn-amÀ ]d-bp-¶Xv a\p-jyÀ¡p-th­n Adn-bp-¶-Xn\v c­p-hn-Zy-IÄ D­v F¶m-W.v H¶ ]c, aäXv A]-c.

kÀÆ iàn- am-\mb ]c- {_Ò ]c-ta- iz-c-\nÂ\n¶pw tZh5. X{Xm-] cm EtKztZm bPpÀthZx kma-thtZm I-fn {][m-\n-bmb {_Òmhv DÛ-hn-¨p. ]n¶oSv Ct±lw YÀh thZx in£m Iev t ]m hymI- c Ww Xs¶ FÃm tZh-I- tfbpw alÀjn- am-tcbpw acoNn apX-emb \ncpàw Otµm tPymXn jan-Xn. AY ]cm bbm {]Pm-]-Xn-I-tfbpw krjvSn-¨p. AtXm-Sp-IqSn kakvX temIXZ-£ -c a-[n-K-ay-tX. §-tfbpw krjvSn¨v AXnsâ c£-bv¡p-th­n kpZr-VB c­p hnZy-I-fn bmsXm-¶p-hgn Cu temI-¯namb \nb-a-§Ä apX-em-bhbpw \nÀ½n-¨p. At±-l¯nsâ Gähpw aq¯-]p-{X³ AYÀÆ alÀjn-bm-bn-cp-¶p. Gähpw tebpw ]c-tem-I-¯n-tebpw t`mK-§-fp-tSbpw Ah-bp-sS BZyw {_Òmhv {_Ò-hnZy D]-tZ-in-¨p-sIm-Sp-¯Xv At±-l- {]m]vXn- ¡Å km[-\IfptSbpw Úm\w e`y- am-Ip-¶p-thm, ¯n- \m-bn-cp-¶p. bmsXm-cp-hn-Zy-bnÂ\n¶pw {_Ò-¯nsâ bmsXm-¶n t`mK-§-fpsS ØnXn, t`mK-§sf A\p-`-hn-

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I ¡p-¶-Xn\pÅ {]Im-c-§Ä, t`mK-h-kvXp-¡-fpsS cN-\,
Ahsb D]-e-_v[-am-¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ ]e-hn-[-km-[-\-IÄ FÃmw AS-§n-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm AXv A]-c-hn-Zy-bm-Ip¶p; EtKz-Zw, bPpÀth-Zw, kma-th-Zw, AYÀÆ-thZw Cu \mep thZ-§-fn \m\m hn[-¯n-epÅ bmK-hn-Zy- Ifpw Ah-bpsS ^e-§fpw hnkvXm-c-]qÀÆw hÀ®n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. PK-¯nse FÃm hkvXp-¡-fp-tSbpw hnj-b-§-fp-tSbpw hÀ®\w thZ§-fn \Ã-Xp-t]mse sNbvXn-cn-¡p-¶p. C¡m-e¯v thZ¯nsâ FÃm imJ-Ifpw e`y-am-Ip-¶n-Ã. AXn hÀ®n-¨n«pÅ hnhn[ hnÚm-\-I-c-§-fmb Imcy-§sf Adn-bm-hp¶- hcpw CsÃ- ¶p- ÅXp icn-bm-Ip-¶p. thZ-§- fpsS ]mZ- §Ä AXm-bXv icn-bmb D¨-cn-¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ hn[n-Isf kw_Ôn¨ D]-tZ-i-§Ä ""in£'' BIp-¶p. bÚw, bmKw apXem-b-h-b psS hn[n-IÄ ]d-b -s¸-«n-cn-¡p¶ hn`m-K s¯ "Iev]w' F¶p ]d-bp-¶p. sshZn-Ihpw euIn-Ihpw Bb i_vZ-§-fpsS A\p-im-k-\-¯nsâ þ {]Ir-Xn-{]-Xyb hn`mK-]qÀÆ-ambpÅ i_vZ-km-[-\-bpsS þ {]{In-b. i_vZmÀ°t_m-[-§-fpsS {]Imcw {]tbmKw apX-em-b-h-bpsS \nb-a§Ä kw_-Ôn¨ D]-tZ- i-§-fpsS \maw "hymI-cWw' F¶mIp-¶p. sshZn-I-i- _vZ-tIm-i-§-fn C¶ ]Zw C¶ hkvXphns\ kqNn-¸n-¡p¶p F¶ kwKXn Imc-W-k-lnXw ]d-bs¸-«n-cn-¡p¶Xp "\ncpàw' F¶ hn`m-K-¯n-em-W.v sshZnI-O -µÊ p-I-fpsS PmXnbpw t`Zhpw ]d-bp¶ hnZysb "Nµkv' F¶p ]d-bp-¶p. {Kl-§-fp-tSbpw \£-{X-§-fptSbpw ØnXn-K-Xn-Ifpw Ah-tbmSp \½p-¡pÅ _Ô§fpw F´m-Ip¶p F¶pw aäpw hnh-cn-¡p¶ hnZysb "tPymXnj' sa¶p ]d-bp-¶p. C{]-Imcw \mep thZ-§fpw Bdp thZmw-K-§fpw þ Cu ]¯n-sâbpw \maw "A]cm' hnZy F¶m- Ip- ¶p. bmsXm-¶p-h-gn- bmb ]c-{_Ò Ahn-\min ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ XXz-Úm\w D­m-Ip-¶pthm AXv "]cm' hnZy-bm-Ip-¶p. AXnsâ hÀ®-\Iepw thZ-§-fn Xs¶bp-­v. AXn-\m A{Xbpw Awis¯ hn«n«v _m¡n FÃm thZ-§fpw thZmw-K-§fpw A]-cm-hn-Zy-bn AS-§n-bn-cn¡p-¶-Xmbn Icp-X- Ww.

ssIbv apX-emb IÀt½-{µn-b§fpw CÃm-¯-h\m-Ip-¶p. AXp-t]mse At±lw AXn-kq-£vahpw hym]-Ihpw A´cm-ß-cq-]-t¯m-Sp-IqSn FÃm-¯nepw hym]n¨pw Hcn-¡epw \miw kw`-hn-¡m-¯-h\pw kÀÆYm \nXy\pw BIp-¶p. FÃm Pohn-I-fp-tSbpw B ]c-a-Im-c-Ws\ Úm\n-IÄ kÀÆ{X ]cn-]qÀ®-ambn ImWp-¶p.

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kw_Ôw þ PK-Zm-ßm-hmb ]c-ta-iz-c³ kakvX krjvSnI- fp- tSbpw ]c-a- Im-c- W³ BIp-¶sX§s\? k¼qÀ®-amb Cu {]]©w At±-l-¯n \n¶pw F§s\ DÛ-hn¨p? Cu Bi-bs¯ hyà-am-¡p¶p þ

7. btYmÀ®-\m`nx krPtX KrlvWtX N bYm ]rYn-hym-tam-j-[bx kw`-h´n bYm kXx ]pcp-jm-ß-tI-i-tem-am\n XYm-£-cmXv kw`-h-Xol hnizw.

]c-{_Ò ]c-ta-iz-c³ Xs¶ Cu PU-tN-X-\m-ß-I-amb PK-¯nsâ \nan-¯hpw D]m-Zm-\-Im-c-W-hp-am-Ip¶p F¶v aq¶p ZrjvSm´§Ä hgn a\-Ên-em-¡p-¶p. BZyw F«p-Imen-bpsS ZrjvSm-´-¯nÂ\n¶pw Cu kwKXn ]d-bp- ¶p. F{]Imcw F«p-Imen Xsâ hb-än-\p-Ån-epÅ hesb shfn-bnse-Sp¯p hncn-¡p-Ibpw ]ns¶ AXns\ hngp-§p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶pthm AtX- {]-Imcw Xs¶ Cu ]c-{_Ò ]c-ta-izc³ Xsâ DÅn kq£va-cq-]t¯m-Sp-IqSn eo\-am-bn-cn¡p¶ PU-tN-X-\m-cq-]-amb PK-¯ns\ krjvSn-bpsS Bcw`-¯n \m\m-{]-Im-c-¯n krjvSn¨p hym]n-¸n-¡p-Ibpw {]f-b-Im-e-¯n ho­pw X¶n- te-bv¡p-Xs¶ ]n³h-en-¡pIbpw sN¿p-¶p. c­m-as¯ DZm-l-c-Ww-sIm­pw Cu Imcyw hyà-am-¡p-¶p. F{]-Imcw `qan-bn hnhn-[-§-fmb [m\y-§Ä, XrWw, hr£w, eX apX-emb Huj-[n-I-fpsS _oP-§Ä ]Xn-¡p-¶pthm A{]-Imcw Xs¶- bpÅ `n¶-§fmb t`Z-§-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb Huj-[n-IÄ AhnsS apf-b¡p-¶p. v AXn `qan¡p bmsXmcp ]£-]m-Xhpw CÃ. AXp-t]m-seXs¶ Pohn-I-fpsS hn`n-¶-§-fmb IÀ½-cq-]_o-P-§Ä¡\p-k-c-W-ambn `K-hm³ Ahsb hnhn[ tbm\n-I-fn DÛkw_Ôw þ apI-fn ]d-ªn-cn-¡p¶ ]cm-hn-Zy-hgnbmbn hn- ¸n-¡p-¶p. AXn-\m At±-l-¯n bmsXmcp {]Im-c- ¯nbmsXm- ¶nsâ Úm\w D­m-Ip- ¶pthm B Ahn- \m- in- bmb ep-apÅ hnj-a-X-bp-tStbm \nÀ±- b- X-bp- tStbm tZmjw Btcm{_Òw F§-s\-bp-Å-XmWv? AXn-s\-¸än ]d-bp¶p þ ]n-¡p-hm³ km[y-a-Ã. aq¶m-aXp a\p-jy-i-co-c-¯nsâ DZm6. b¯-Z -t{Z- i y-a- {Km- l y-a- tKm- {X-a- h À®-a -N -£ px- l-c-W-¯nÂ\n¶pw C¡mcyw hyà-am-¡p-¶p. F{]-Imcw t{im{Xw XZ-]m-Wn-]m-Zw. \nXyw hn`pw kÀÆ-KXw a\p-j ysâ Pohn-X -i -c o-c -¯ nÂ\n¶pw at\m-l - c -a mb kpkq£vaw XZ-hybw bZv` q-X -tbm\nw ]cn-] - tIihpw tcma-§fpw \Jhpw kzb-ambn DÛ-hn-¡p-Ibpw iy´n [ocm. hf-cp-Ibpw sN¿p-¶pthm Ahs\ kw_-Ôn-¨n-S-t¯mfw Cu a{´-¯n ]c-{_-Ò]-c-ta-iz-csâ \ncm-Im-c-kz-cq- AXv bmsXm-¶n\pw {]tbm-P-\-s¸-Sp-¶n-Ã. AtX {]Imcw ]s¯ hÀ®n-¨n-cn- ¡p-¶p. B ]c-{_-Ò-]-c-ta- iz- c³ Úmt\- Xs¶ ]c-{_-Ò-]c-ta-iz-c-\nÂ\n¶pw Cu {]]©w kzbambn DÛ-hn-¡p-Ibpw hnI-kn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p¶p; CXn{µnbw hgn Adn-b-s¸-Sp-hm³ Ign-bp-¶nÃ; IÀt½-{µnb§Ä v hgnbpw {Kln-¡-s¸-Sp-¶n-Ã. At±lw tKm{Xw apX-emb D]m- \p-th­n `K-hm\v bmsXmcp {]b-X\hpw sNt¿-­-Xmbn hcp-¶n-Ã. [n-Ifn-Ãm-¯-h\pw {_mÒ-WmZn hÀ®-K-X-t`-Z-§tfm AXpt]mse \ndw, BIrXn Chtbm CÃm-¯-h\pw BIp-¶p. kw_Ôw þ C\n kwt£- ] -ambn {]]t©m¸¯n At±lw I®v, sNhn apX- emb Úmt\-{µn-b-§fpw Imev, {Ias¯ hnh-cn-¡p-¶p.

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kw_Ôw þ BZy-J-WvU-¯nse \memw a{´- ¯n ]cm, A]cm Cu c­p hnZy-Ifpw {Kmly-tbm-Ky-am-sW¶p ]dPK-¯nsâ krjvSn- Im-e-a-Sp-¯-t¸mÄ ]c-{_Ò ]c-ta-iz- bp-¶p. C\n Cu JWvU-¯n AXnÂ\n¶v A]-cm-hn-Zyc³ Xsâ k¦ev]-cq-]-amb X]-ÊnÂ\n¶pw hfÀ¨ {]m]n- bpsS kzcq-] hpw ^ehpw ]d-ª n«v ]cm-hn-Zy-s b-¸ än ¡p- ¶p, AXm- bXv At±- l-¯n hnhn[ cq]- §-tfm-Sp-Iq- Snb PnÚmk Df- hm-¡p¶p þ krjvSn-bpsS \nÀ½m-W-¯n-\pÅ k¦ev]w Db-cp-¶p. Pohn1. XtZ- X - Õ Xyw at{´jp IÀ½mWn Ihtbm I- fpsS IÀ½m- \p- kr- X-ambn B ]c-{_Ò ]pcp-tjm-¯- a-\n bm\y-]iyw kvXm\n t{XXmbmw _lp[m kwXbmsXmcp kv^pcWw krjvSn-bpsS Bcw-`-¯n-ep-­m-bn-cpXm-\n. Xm\ym-N-cY \nbXw kXy-Imam Gj hx ]Ùmx kpIr-X -ky-tem-tI. ¶pthm AXp-Xs¶ At±-l-¯nsâ X]w Bbn-cp-¶p. B kv^pcWw D­mb am{X-bn¯s¶ AXy´w kq£va-cq_p²n-am-·m-cmb alÀjn-IÄ bmsXmcp D¶-X n-bpsS ]-¯n-em-bn-cp¶ `K-hm³ AXns\ At]-£n¨p Øqe-am- km[-\m-`q-X-amb bmKmZn \m\m-hn-[-¯n-epÅ IÀ½- §sf bn-¯o- cp-Ibpw At±lw krjvSn-IÀ¯m-hmb {_Òm-hnsâ thZ-a-{´- §-fn ]t­ I­n-cp-¶pthm B IÀ½-a-{´- §Ä cq]w [cn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. {_Òm-hnÂ\n¶pw FÃm E¡v, bPp-Êv, kmaw Cu aq¶p thZ-§-fnepw ]e-co-Xn-IPohnIfptSbpw D¸-¯nbpw hfÀ¨bpw kw`-hn-¸n-¡p¶ fn hnkvXm-c-]qÀÆw hÀ®n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. AXn-\m {]XyA¶w D¸- ¶-am- Ip-¶p. ]ns¶ A¶- ¯nÂ\n¶pw {ItaW £- amb D¶Xn B{K-ln- ¡p¶ Bfp- IÄ Ahsb icn-bmbn {]mW³, a\-Ê,v Imcy-cq]§fmb BIm-imZn ]©a-lm-`q- {Kln¨v \nb-a-{]-Imcw B IÀ½-§sf A\p-jTn¨psIm­nv X-§Ä FÃm Pohn-Ifpw Ah- bpsS hmk-Øe§fpw, Ah- cn-¡-Ww. Cu a\pjy-i-co-c-¯n CXp-Xs¶ D¶-Xn-¡pÅ bpsS hn`n-¶ IÀ½-§-fnÂ\n¶pw Ahbv¡v Ahiyw kw`- kpµ-c-amb amÀ¤w. Ae-k-X-bnepw {]am-Z-¯nepw t`mK-§hn-t¡­ kpJ-Zpx-J-cq-]-^-e-§fpw þ C§s\ Cu k¼qÀ f-\p-`-hn-¡p-¶-Xnepw arK-§-sf-t¸mse Pohn-¡p- ¶Xv a\p-jyi-co-c- ¯n- \p-]bp-à-a-Ã. ® PK¯v DÛ-hn-¡p-¶p. kw_Ôw þ C\n ]c-ta-iz-csâ aln-asb hÀ®n-¨p- sIm­v Cu {]I-c-Ws¯ D]-kw-l-cn-¡p-¶p. ({]-[m\ cq]-¯n-epÅ thZ-§-fpsS F®w aq¶p-Xs¶ F¶v AwKo-I-cn-¡p-¶p. A§n-§mbn "thZ-{Xbn' apX-emb \ma-§-tfm-Sp-IqSn EtKz-Zw, kma-th-Zw, bPpÀthZw F¶o aq¶n-sâbpw DtÃJ\w e`n-¡p-¶p. A§-s\-bpÅ Øm\§-f n \mem-a s¯ AYÀÆ thZs¯ ta¸dª aq¶nepw A´Àeo-\-am-sW¶p Icp-Xp-¶p.) kw_Ôw þ thtZm-à-§-fmb At\Iw {]Im-c-§-fn-epÅ IÀ½-§-fnÂ\n¶pw {]tXyI e£- W- t¯m- Sp-Iq-Snb {][m\ Aán-tlm-{X- IÀ½s¯ hÀ®n-¡p-hm-\m-cw-`n-¡p-¶p.

8. X]km NobtX {_Ò XtXm¶ a`n-Pm-btX A¶m-Xv{]mtWm a\x kXyw temImx IÀ½-k p-N m-ar-X w.

ZznXo- b -J WvU w

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9. bx kÀÆÚx kÀÆ-hn-Zyky Úm\-abw X]x Xkvam-tZ-X-Zv{_Ò \ma cq]-a¶w N Pmb-tX.
kw]qÀ® PK-¯nsâ Imc-W-`q-X-\mb B ]c-a-]p-cp-j]-c-ta-iz-cs\ km[m-cW cq]-¯nepw hnti-j-cq-]-¯nepw FÃm-hcpw \¶m-bn-«-dn-bp-¶p. B ]c-{_-Ò-¯nsâ GI-am{X- amb Úm\w- Xs¶ X]- am- Ip- ¶p. At±- l- ¯n\v km[m-cW a\p-jy-sc-t¸mse PK-¯ns\ krjvSn-¡ p-¶-Xn-\p-th­n IjvS-k-l-\cq-]-amb X]-Ê-\p-jTn-t¡-­-Xmbn hcp-¶n-Ã. v B kÀÆ-i-àn-am-\mb ]c-{_Ò ]c-ta-iz-csâ k¦-e]-amv {X-bn¯s¶ {]Xy-£- ambn ImW-s¸-Sp¶ Cu hncmSv cq]amb PK¯v (A- Xns\ A]- c- {_Òw F¶p ]d-bp-¶p) kzbw {]I-S-am-Ip-Ibpw kakvX Pohn-Ifpw temI-§fpw AhbpsS \maw, cq]w, Blmcw apX-em-b-hbpw DÛ-hn-¡pIbpw sN¿p-¶p.

2. bZm teem-btX lyÀNnx kant² lhy-h m-l t\ XZm-Py-`m-Km-h-´-tc-Wm-lpXnx {]Xn-]m-Z-tb-Xv.

A[n-Im-cn-I-fm-bn-«p-Å-hÀ \nXyhpw Aán-tlm{Xw \S¯-Ww. tZh-IÄ¡v lhnÊv F¯n-¨p-sIm-Sp-¡p¶ Aán b mK - t h - Z n - b n  \ n ¶ m bn I¯ n - P z - e n - ¡ p - t ¼ mÄ , AXnÂ\n¶pw Pzme-IÄ Db-cp-t¼mÄ, BPy-`m-K-Øm\w hn«p a[y-¯n BlpXn kaÀ¸n-¡-Ww. Aán Bfn-¡¯p-¶-Xn\p apt¼m AXnÂ\n¶pw Pzme-IÄ Db-cp-¶-Xn-\p"Bsc Adn-bp-¶-XnÂ\n¶pw CsXÃmw {Kln-¡p-hm³ apt¼m AYhm I¯n-bXn-\p-ti-jtam im´-am-b-Xn\p Ign-bp¶p' F¶v iu\-Ia-lÀjn tNmZn-¨n-cp-¶p. CXnsâ tijtam AXn BlpXn kaÀ¸n-¡p-hm³ ]mSnà F¶ D¯-c-ambn kakvX PK-¯nsâ ]c-a-Im-c-W-\mb ]c-am-ßm- Imcyw AXp-sIm­p hyà-am-¡-s¸-Sp-¶p. Aánsb \ÃhnÂ\n¶pw PK-¯nsâ DÂ]-¯n-hn-hcWw ]d-ªn«v Npcp- Xp-t]mse Pzen-¸n-¨n«v Aán-tlm{Xw \S-¯-Ww. ¡-¯n B kÀÆiàn-am\pw kÀÆ-Ú\pw FÃm-änkw_Ôw þ \nXyhpw Aán-tlm{Xw \S-¯p¶ a\p-jyÀ sâbpw IÀ¯mhpw [À¯m-hp-amb ]c-ta-iz-cs\ Adn- ªpAtXm-Sp-IqSn Fs´Ãmw sN¿Ww F¶ hnj-bs¯¸än I-gn-ªm FÃmw a\-Ên-em-Ip¶p F¶ Imcyw [cn-¸n-¨p. ]d-bp¶p þ

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3. bkym-á n-tlm-{X-a-ZÀi-\-] uÀ®-am-kþ aNm-XpÀ½m kya-\m-{K-b-W-a-Xn-Yn-hÀÖnXw N. Alp-X-a-ssh-iz-tZ-h-a-hn-[ n\m lpXþ amk-]vX-amw-kvXky temIm³ ln\-kvXn.
\nXyhpw Aán-tlm{Xw \S-¯p¶ a\p-jy³ ZÀi-bÚhpw ]uÀ®-am-k-b-Úhpw sN¿m-X n-cn-¡p-¶pthm AYhm NmXpÀ½m-ky-b-Úhpw \S-¯m-Xn-cn-¡p-¶pthm AXp-t]mse icZv hk-´pÀ¯p-¡-fn \S-¯- s¸-Sp¶ \ho\m-¶-¯nsâ (]p-Xp-[m-\y) bmK-cq-]-amb B{K-b-W-bÚw \S-¯-s¸-Sm-Xn-cn- ¡p-¶pthm Ahsâ bÚ-im- e-bn AXnYn-IÄ bYm-hn[n k¡-cn-¡-s¸-Sm-Xn-cn-¡p-¶pthm Asæn Ah³ \nXyw Aán-bm-K-¯n IrXy-k-a-b¯pw imkv{X- hn-[n-b-\p-k-cn¨pw lh\w \S-¯m-Xn-cn-¡p-¶pthm AXp-t]mse _en sshiz-tZ-hIÀ½w \S-¯m-X n-cn-¡p¶pthm BsW-¦n B Aán-tlm{Xw \S-¯p¶p a\pjysâ k]vX-tem-I- §sf B AwK-lo- \-amb Aán- tlm{Xw \in-¸n-¨p If-bp-¶p. AXm-bXv B bÚw aqew e`n-¡pam-bn-cp¶ ]rYzn-temIw apX kXy-temIw hsc-bpÅ temI-§-fnÂ\n¶p e`y-am-Ip¶ tbmKy t`mK-§Ä Ah\nÂ\n¶pw AXv X«n amän-¡-f-bp-¶p. kw_Ôw þ Aán-bnÂ\n¶pw Pzme-IÄ \¶mbn Db-cpt¼mÄ BlpXn kaÀ¸n-¡Ww F¶pÅ kwKXn aäp a{´§-fn ]dªp Ignªn-cn-¡p-¶p. C\n B Pzme-I-fpsS {]Imct`Z-§fpw \mahpw ]d-ªp-X-cp-¶p.

5. GtXjp bÝ-ctX {`mP-am-t\jp bYm-Imew Nmlp-Xtbm lymZ-Zm-b³. Xw \b-t´yXmx kqcyky civatbm b{X tZh\mw ]Xn-tc-tIm[nhmkx.

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bmsXmcp km[- I³ ]qÀÆ-a-{´-¯n ]d-ªn-«pÅ Ggp{]-Im-c-¯n- epÅ Pzmem-bp-à-am-bn, \¶mbn t{]mÖz-en-¨psIm-­n-cn-¡p¶ Aán-bn IrXy-k-abw imkv{X-hn-[n-b\p-k-cn¨p \nXyhpw Blp-Xn-\ÂIn Aán-bmKw \S-¯p¶pthm Ahs\ ac- W-Im- e- ¯n Xt¶mSp Iq«n- t¨À¯v Cu Blp-Xn-IÄ kqcy-In-c-W-§-fm-bn, tZh-cm-Pm-hmb C{µsâ temI-¯n F¯n- ¡p-¶p. Aán-tlm{Xw kzÀ¤-kp-J-{]m]vXn-¡pÅ Atam-L-amb D]m-b-am-sW¶p Xmev]-cyw. kw_Ôw þ F{]-Imcw Cu Blp-Xn-IÄ kqcy-In-c-WamÀ¤-ambn bP-am-\s\ C{µ-tem-I-¯n Iq«n-s¡m-­p-t]mIp¶p þ A¡mcyw hnh-cn- ¡p-¶p.

6. Gtly-loXn Xam-lp-Xbx kphÀ¨kx kqcyky civan-`nÀb-P-am\w hl´n {]nbmw hmN-a-`n-h-Z -t´ymÀ¨b´y Gj hx ]pWyx kpIrtXm {_Ò-tem-Ix.

B {]Zo- ]vX-amb Pzme-I- fn AÀ¸n-¡-s¸« Blp-Xn- IÄ kqcy-In-c-W-§-fpsS cq]-¯n ]cn-W-an¨v ac-W-Im-e-¯n B km[-I-t\mSp ]d-bp¶p þ ""hcp, hcp \nsâ k¡À½§-fpsS ^e-kz-cq-]-amb {_Ò-temIw AXm-bXv t`mK-cq-]4. Imeo Icmeo N at\m-P-hmN kp-J-§sf A\p-`hn-¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ Øew kzÀ¤-tem-I-amIp¶p'' C§- s\-bpÅ {]nb-hm-¡p-IÄ IqsS-¡qsS ]d-ªpkptem-lnXm bm N kp[q-{a-hÀ®m sIm­v BZ-c-k¡m-c-]qÀÆw Ahs\ kpcysâ Inc-Wkv^penw-K\o hniz-cpNo N tZho amÀ¤-§ -fn¡qSn sIm­p-t ]mbn kzÀ¤-tem-I -¯n teem-b-am\m CXn k]vX Pnlzmx. F¯n-¡p-¶p. ChnsS kzÀ¤s¯ {_Ò-temIw F¶p ]dImeoþ Idp¯ \nd-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-hÄ, Icm-eo-þ-A-Xyp-{K- bp- ¶-Xnâ Xmev]cyw kzÀ¤m-[n- ]-Xn- bmb C{µ\pw `K-hmsâ amb (Aán _m[n-¡p-sa¶ `bw P\n-¸n-¡p-¶-hÄ), at\m- Xs¶ A]-c-kz-cq-]-am-Ip-¶p. AXn-\m {]Im-cm-´-tcW Phm þ a\-Êp-t]mse AXy´w N©-e-am-b-hÄ, kptem-ln- {_Òw Xs¶-bm-Ip-¶p. Xm-þ- kp-µc-amb Nph-t¸m-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-hÄ, kp[p-{a-hÀ®m-þ- kp- kw_Ôw þ C\n kmwkm-cnI t`mK-§-tfm-SpÅ sshcmµ-c-amb ]pI-bpsS \nd-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Sn-bhÄ, kv^penw-Kn\o Ky-¯m ]c-am-\-µ-kz-cq-]-\mb ]c-ta-iz-cs\ {]m]n-¡p-¶Xos¸m-cn-IÄ s]m«n-¨ n-dp-¶-hÄ, hniz-cp-No-tZhn FÃm Xn- \pÅ A`n- emjw Dev]-¶-am-Ip- ¶-Xn-\p-th­n ap³]-dª Zn¡nepw {]Im-in-¡p-¶-hÄ þ C{]-Imcw Ggp coXn-bn-epÅ kzÀ¤-tem-I-¯nsâ km[-\m-cq-]-amb bÚmZn kIm-aPzme-IÄ Aán-tZ-hsâ lhn-Êns\ {Kln-¡p-¶-Xn\v Cf-In- IÀ½hpw AXnsâ ^e-cq-]-amb euIn-Ihpw ]mc-eu-In-Is¡m-­n-cn-¡p¶ Ggp \mhp-IÄt]mse BIp-¶p. AXn- hp-amb t`mK-§-fpsS XpÑ-Xbpw ]d-ªp-X-cp¶p þ \m Ft¸mÄ Aán-tZ-hX C{]-Imcw Blq-Xn-cq- ]-am-Ip¶ 7. ¹hm tlytX AZrVm bÚ-cq]m t`mP\w {Kln-¡p-¶-Xn\p X¿m-dm-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm AtX AjvSmZtimà-a-hcw tbjp IÀ½ kabw Xs¶ t`mP-\-cq-]-amb BlpXn {]Zm\w sN¿-Ww. AsÃ-¦n A{]-Ö z-e n-Xhpw AW-ª p-t]m-b -X p-amb GX-Ñvtdtbm tb`n\µ´n aqVm Aán-bn \ÂI-s¸-Sp¶ BlpXn Nmc-t¯mSp IeÀ¶v Pcm-arXypw tX ]p\-tc-hm]n b´n. \in-¨p-t]m-Ip-¶p. Cu a{´-¯n bÚs¯ \uIm-cq-]¯nepw Ahkw_Ôw þ ta {]Imcw {]Zo-]X-amb Aán-bn \nb-a- bpsS kwJy ]Xn-s\«v F¶pw ]d-b-s¸-Sp-¶p. \nXy, ZÀi, v {]-Imcw {]Xn-Zn\w lh\w sN¿p-¶-Xp-sIm-­pÅ ^e-s¯- ]uÀ®-am-k, NXpÀam-k-t`-Z-§- tfm-Sp- IqSn bÚ- ¯n\p ]Xn¸än ]d-bp-¶p. s\«p {][m\ cq]- §Ä Ds­¶v A\p- am- \n- ¡- s¸- Sp- ¶p. Ah-

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I bn D]m-k-\m-c-ln-X-amb kIm-a-IÀ½-§sf hÀ®n-¨n-cn¡p-¶p. C§s\ bÚ cq]-§-fm-Ip¶ ]Xn-s\«p \uIIfpw Dd-¸ p-Å-X-s öp ]d-b-s ¸-Sp-¶p. Ch hgn-bmbn kwkm-c-km-K-c-¯nsâ A¡c IS-¡pI km[y-a-Ã. Cu temI-¯nsâ hÀ¯-am\ ZpxJ kzcq-]-am-Ip¶ Gähpw sNdnb \Zn-tb-t¸mepw XcWw sNbvXv kzÀ¤w-h sc F¯ptam F¶p-t]mepw ktµ-lam-Wv. F´p-sIm-s­¶m aq¶m-as¯ a{´-¯nse hÀ®-\-b-\p-k-cn¨v GsX¦nepw AwK-¯nsâ Ipd-hp-­m-Ip-¶p F¦n km[-I\p kzÀ¤-¯n F¯p-hm³ km[n-¡p-¶-XÃ; CS-b¡p-sh-¨pv Xs¶ NnX-dn-t¸m-Ip-¶p. AXn-\m CXv AZr-Vhpw AØnc-hp-am-Ip-¶p. Cu clkyw a\-Ên-em-¡msX aT-b-·m-cmb Bfp-IÄ Cu kIm-a-IÀ½-§-sf-¯s¶ ]c-ta-iz-c-{]m-]vXn¡pÅ D]mbw F¶p IcpXn þ CXnsâ ^e-s¯-¯s¶ ]c-a-kp-J-sa¶p IcpXn þ CXns\ kvXpXn-¨p-sIm­p Pohn¡p-¶p. AhÀ¡v ktµ-lc-ln-X-ambn IqsS-¡q-sS-bpÅ hr²m-h-Ø-tbbpw ac- W-Zpx-J-t¯bpw A\p-`hn-t¡-­Xmbn hcp-¶p. kw_Ôw þ AhÀ F{]-Imcw ZpxJa\p`-hn-¡p¶p? CXn\p kv]jvSo-I-cWw \ÂIp¶p þ

9. Ahn-Zymbmw _lp[m hÀ¯-am\m hbw IrXmÀYm CXn-`n-a-\y´n _memx bXvIÀ½ntWm \ {]th-Z-b´n cmKmXv tX\m-Xpcmx £oW-tem-Im-Ýy-h-t´.

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8. Ahn-Zym-bm-a-´tc hÀ¯-am\mx kzbw-[ocmx ]WvUnXw a\y-am\mx PMvL\y-am\mx ]cn-b´n aqVm AtÔ-ss\h \ob-am\m bYmÔmx
AÔ\p hgn-Im-«n-bmbn AÔs\¯s¶ In«p-t¼mÄ Ah-s \-§ s\ A`o-j vS -Ø - e -s ¯-¯ p-h m³ Ignbpw? CSbv¡v Imep-ap-«nbpw apÅnepw N¸p-N-h-dnepw ImÂhgpXn hoWpw ]md-Ifnepw `n¯n- Ifnepw arK-§-fp-sS-taepw X«nap«n \m\m hn[-§-fn-ep-apÅ IjvS-X-IÄ A\p-`-hn-t¡-­Xmbn h¶p-Iq-Sp-¶p-thm AXp-t]mse Xs¶ Cu aqV-·mcmb Bfp-Ifpw ]£n-ar-Km-Zn-I-fp-tSbpw IoS-§-fp-tSbpw hnhn[ ZpxJ-]qÀ®-§-fmb tbm\n-I-fnepw AXp-t]mse \cIm-Zn-I-fnepw {]th-in¨v A\-´-P-·w-hsc A\-h[n IjvSmcn-jS-X-IÄ A\p-`-hn-t¡-­- Xmbn hcp-¶p. bmsXm-cp-¯³ v kzbw _p²n-am\pw hnZzm\pw F¶p \Sn-¡p-¶pthm hnZym_p- ²n-bpsS anYym-l-¦m-c-¯m imkv{X-t¯bpw alm- Úm\n-I-fpsS hN-\-§-tfbpw Aev]w-t]mepw hI-h-bv¡msX Ahsb Ah-tl-fn-¡p-Ibpw {]Xy-£-§-fmb kpJ-t`m-K§sf A\p-`-hn-¡p-¶-Xnepw Ah-bpsS D]mb `qX§fmb Ahn-Zym-ab kIm-a-IÀ½-§-fn \nc-´cw apgpIn hkn-¡pIbpw sN¿p-¶pthm Pohn-X-¯nsâ Aaq-ey-amb ka-bs¯ hrYm \jvS-am-¡n-¡-f-bp-¶p. kw_Ôw þ B Bfp-IÄ XpSÀ¨-bmbn ZpxJ-§-fn ]Xn¨p-sIm-­n-cp-¶n«pw F´p-sIm-­p-W-cp-¶nÃ? \·-bv¡pth­n F´p-sIm­p {]hÀ¯n- ¡p-¶nÃ? Cu B{K-ls¯ kw_-Ôn¨p ]d-bp¶p þ

]qÀÆ-a-{´- ¯n ]d-ªn-c n-¡ p¶ coXn-tbm-Sp-I qSn bmsXm-cp- ¯³ Cl-tem-I-]-c- tem-I- t`mK {]m]vXn-¡p-th­n kmwkm-cn-tIm-¶-Xn-bpsS km[-\m-cq-]-§-fmb kIm-a-IÀ½§- fn¯s¶ ]e- co- Xn-I- fn apgpIn hkn-¡p- ¶pthm AhnZy-bn apgp-In-¡-gn-bp¶ AÚm-\n-I-fmb B a\p-jyÀ "R§Ä R§-fpsS IÀ¯-hy-§sf ]men¨p Ign-ªn-cn¡p¶p' F¶p Icp-Xp-¶p. B kmwkm-cnI IÀ½- §-fn apgp-In-bn-cn-¡p¶ Bfp-IÄ¡p t`mK-§-fn AXy´w Bk-àn-bp-­m-Ip-¶p. CXp-Im-cWw AhÀ kmkm-cn-tIm¶-Xn-bn-te-¡-ÃmsX \·-bpsS t\tc ZrjvSn ]Xn-¸n-¡p-¶nÃ. ]c-am-\-µ-¯nsâ kap{Zw GtXm ]c-am-ßm-hm-sW¶pw a\p-jy\v AXp {]m]n-¡p-hm³ Ign-bp-sa-¶p-apÅ hnhcw AhÀ¡v Adn-bp-hm³ Ign-bp-¶n-Ã. AXn-\m AhÀ ]cam-ßm-hns\ {]m]n-¡p-hm³ ]cn-{i-an- ¡msX kZm ZpxJn-Xcmbn¯ocp-Ibpw ]pWy-IÀ½-§-fpsS ^ew Ah-km-\n¨p Ign-bpt¼mÄ AhÀ kzÀ¤m-Zn-tem-I§-fn \n¶pw Xmsg ]Xn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. kw_Ôw þ apI-fn ]d-ªn-cn-¡p¶ kwKXn H¶p-IqSn kv]jvS-ambn ]d-bp¶p þ

10. CjvSm-]qÀt¯ a\y-am\m hcnjvTw \m\y-Ñvtdtbm thZ-bt´ {]aqVmx \mIky ]rjvtT tX kpIrtX \p`qtXzaw temIw lo\-Xcw hm hni-´n.
AXy´w aqV-·mcpw t`mKm-k-à-cpamb B a\p-jyÀ thZw, kvarXn apX-emb imkv{X-§-fn kmwkm-cnI kpJ{]m-]vXn-¡mbn F{X-am{Xw km[-\-I-tf-¸än ]d-ªn-«pt­m Ahsb kÀÆ-t{ijvT Ieym-W-km[\I-fm-bn-¡-cp-Xp-¶p. A Xn- \ m A h- b nÂ\n¶ pw `n¶ - a mbn A Xm- b Xv ]ctaizcsâ `P-\w, [ym\w, \njv¡ma`mh-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Snb IÀ¯-hy-]m-e\w, ]c-a-]p-cp-j vXm-am-hns\ Adn-bp-¶-Xn-\pth­n Xo{hXtbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bpÅ {]hÀ¯\w apX-embn F{Xtbm ]c-a-aw-K-f-{]-Z-§-fmb km[-\-I-fpt­m Ah-sbsbm¶pw AhÀ Adn-bp-t¶-bnÃ; B Ieym-W-km-[- \-I-fpsS t\sc e£yta hbv¡p-¶n- Ã. AXn-\m AhÀ X§-fpsS ]pWy-IÀ½-§-fpsS ^e-kz-cq-]-§-fmb kzÀtÃm-Iw- hscbpÅ kpJ-§sf t`mKn-¨n«v ]pWy-¯nsâ £bw kw`-hn¡p¶ kabw ho­pw Cu a\p-jy-tem-I¯n-tebvt¡m AYhm CXnepw tami-amb iqI-cIq-Icm-Zn-tbm-\n-I-fntem AsÃ-¦n cuc-hmZn tLmc-\-c-I-§-fntem ]Xn-¡p-¶p. kw_Ôw þ apI-fn ]d-ªn-cn-¡p¶ kmwkm-cnI t`mK§-tfmSp hnc-à-cmb a\p-jy-cpsS BNm-c-\-S-]-Sn-Ifpw AhbpsS ^e-§fpw hÀ®n-¡p¶p þ

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11. X]x-{it² tb lyp]-h-k-´y-ctWy im´m hnZzmwtkm ss`£y-]cymw Nc´x kqcy-Zzm-tcW tX hncPmx {]bm´n b{Xm-arXx k ]pcptjm lyhy-bm-ßm.
D]-cyp-à-amb t`mKm-kà-cmb a\p-jy-cn \n¶pw bmsXm-cp-¯³ `n¶-\m-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm a\p- jy- i-co-c-¯nsâ alXzw {Kln-¨n-«p-Å-Xp-Im-cWw bmsXm-cp-¯sâ A´x-Ic-W-¯n ]c-am-ß-XXzw Adn-bp-¶-Xn\pw ]c-ta-iz-cs\ {]m]n-¡p-¶-Xn\pw DÅ CÑ DWÀs¶-gp-t¶Â¡p-¶pthm Ah³ Hcp ]t£ h\-¯n hkn-¡p¶ hm\-{]-Øt\m im´- kz- `m-h- t¯m-Sp- Iq- Snb hnZzm\pw kZm- Nm- cn-bp-amb KrlØt\m AYhm `n£-hm§n Pohn-¡p¶ {_Ò-Nm-cntbm k¶ym-kntbm Bbns¡mÅs«, Ah³ \nc-´- c-amb X]Êp-sIm­pw `àn-sIm­pw tkh\w A\p-jTn-¨p-sIm-­nv cn- ¡p-¶p. AXm-bXv Ah-c- h-cpsS hÀ®hpw B{i-ahpw ]cnX-Ø n-Xnbpw A#p-k-cn¨v bmsXmcp kabw bmsXmcp IÀ¯hyw D­m-I p-¶ pthm Ahsb imkv{X-¯ nsâ BÚ-b-\p-k-cn¨p bmsXmcp hn[-amb A`n-em-j-§fpw IqSmsX ]men-¨p-sIm­p Pohn-¡p-Ibpw kwb-a-\-t¯m-SpIqSn ia-Z-am-Zn-km-[-\-I-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb k¼-¶-·m-cm-bn«v ]c-a`-àn-tbm-Sp-IqSn ]c-ta-iz-cs\ Adn-bp-¶-Xn\pw {]m]n-¡p-¶Xn\pw DÅ km[-\-I-fn hym]r-X-cmbn Pohn-¡p-¶p. AXpsIm­v Xtam- c- tPm- Kp-W-§-fpsS hnIm-c-§-fnÂ\n¶pw kÀÆYm-iq-\yhpw \nÀ½-e-hp-amb kXz-Kp-W- ¯n ØnXn-sN-¿p¶-Xp-amb kqcy-tem-I-¯n¡qSn Ah-cpsS ]c-a-{]m]y Aar-X-kz-cq-]\pw \nXy\pw Ahn-\m-in-bp-amb ]c-a-]p-cpj ]pcp-tjm-¯-asâ \nhm-k-Ø-e-t¯bv¡p t]mIp-¶p. kw_-Ô w-þ B ]c-{_-Ò-]c-ta-iz-cs\ Adn-bp-¶ -Xn\pw {]m]n-¡p-¶-Xn-\pw-th­n a\p-jyÀ F´p-sN-¿Ww? AtX¸än hnh-cn-¡p¶p þ

Úm\w {]m]n-¡p-¶-Xn-\p-th­n Ic-§-fn kan¯pw FSp¯v `àn-hn-\-b-`m-h-§-tfm-S p-IqSn thZ-c-l-ky-§sf \¶m-bn-«-dn-bp-¶-h\pw ]c-am-ßm-hn ØnXn-sN-¿p-¶-h-h\p-amb kZvKp-cp-hns\ icWw {]m]n-¡-Ww. kw_Ôw þ apI-fn ]d-ªn-cn-¡p¶ e£-W-§-tfm-SpIq-Snb GsX-¦nepw injy³ Kpcp-hnsâ ASp-¡Â hcn-Ibm-sW-¦n Kpcp F´p-sN-¿Ww? CXp-kw-_-Ôn¨p ]dbp¶p þ

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13. Xkvssa k hnZzm-\p-]-k-¶mb kayIv {]im-´-Nn-¯mb iam-\zn-Xm-b. tb\m-£cw ]pcpjw thZ-kXyw t{]mhmN Xmw X¯ztXm {_Ò-hn-Zymw.
thZ-Ú\pw {_Ò-\n-jT- \p-amb B alm-ßmhv Xs¶ v icWw {]m]n-¨n-cn-¡p¶ Nn¯w ]qÀ®-ambn im´hpw \nÝn-´-hp-am-bn-¡-gn-ªn-cn-¡p¶ injy\v kmwkm-cn-It`mK§fn XnI¨pw hnc-à-\m-bn-¯oÀ¶-X p-Im-c-Ww, bmsXm-cp-¯sâ lrZ-b¯n bmsXm-cp-hn-[-amb Nn´Ifpw hymIp-eX- Ifpw hnIm-c-§fpw Ah-ti-jn-¨n-«n-Ãtbm bmsXm- cp-¯³ ia-Z-amZn km[-\m-k- ¼-¶- \m-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm bmsXm-cp-¯³ Xsâ a\-Ê,v _p²n, C{µn-b§Ä Chsb \¶mbn \nb-{´n¨v kzm[o- \-am-¡n-bn-cn-¡p- ¶pthm B {_Òhn-Zysb XXz-hn-th-N-\m-]qÀÆw a\-Ên-em¡n Ah\v D]-tZin- ¨p-sIm-Sp- ¡- Ww. X¡m- cWw B injy\v \nXy\pw Ahn\m- in-bp- amb ]c-{_-Ò-]p-cp-tjm- ¯-asâ Úm\w {]m]n- ¡phm³ Ign-bpw.

ZznXo-b -ap-W vU Iw
{]Y-a-J Wv Uw
kw_Ôw þ {]Y-a-ap-WvU-I¯nse ZznXo-b-J-WU-¯n v A]-c-hn-Zy-bpsS cq]hpw ^e-§fpw ]d-ªXn-\p-tijw AXnsâ XpÑ-Xsb ImWn-¨p-sIm­v AXnÂ\n¶p hnc-àcm-bn-cn-¡-W-sa¶ Imcyw ]d-ªn«v ]c-hnZy ]Tn-¡p-¶-Xn\v kZvKp- cp-hns\ icWw {]m]n-¡-W-sa¶pw ]d-ªp. C\n ]chn-Zysb hÀ®n-¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ {]I-cWw Bcw-`n-¡p-¶p.

12. ]co£y temIm³ IÀ½-Nn-Xm {_mÒtWm \nÀth-Z-am-bm-¶m-kvXy-IrXx IrtX\ XZzn-Úm-\mÀ°w k Kpcp-ta-hm-`n-K-tOXv kan-Xv]m-Wnx t{im{Xnbw {_Ò-\n-jvTw.
kz´w ku`mKyw Bin-¡p- ¶ a\p-jy³ BZyw ]d-ªncn-¡p¶ IÀ½-§-fpsS ^e-kz-cq-]-amb Cu temI-¯ntebpw ]c-tem-I-¯n-tebpw ka-kX-kpJ§tfbpw \Ã-Xpv t]mse ]co-£n-¨n«v AXm-bXv hnth-I-]qÀÆw Ah-bpsS A\n-Xy-Xbpw ZpxJ-kz-cq-]hpw {Kln¨v FÃm-hn-[-§-fn-epapÅ t`mK§fnÂ\n¶pw kÀÆYm hnc-à-\m-bn-¯o-c-Ww. IÀ¯m-hnsâ Al-¦m-c-]qÀÆ-amb kIm-a-`m-h-t¯m-Sp-IqSn sN¿-s¸-Sp¶ IÀ½w A\nXy ^es¯ sN¿p-¶Xpw XYm kzbw A\n-Xyhpw BIp-¶p. AXn-\m bmsXm-cp-¯³ {Inbm-km-[y- \-Ãm-Xn- cn-¡p-¶pthm A§-s\- bpÅ \nXy- ]-c- taiz-cs\ AhÀ¡p {]m]n-¡phm³ km[n-¡p-¶n-Ã. CXp-hn-Nmcn¨v B PnÚmkp ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ hmkvX-hnI XXz-

1. XtZ-X-ÕXyw bYm kpZo-]vXm-Xv]m-h-ImZv hnkv^p-enwKmx kl-kvdix {]`-ht´ kcq]mx XYm-£-cmZv hnhn[mx tkmay `mhmx {]Pm-bt´ X{X ssNhm-]n-b-´n.
AwKn-c-Êp-a-lÀjn ]d- bp- ¶p. {]nb-s¸« iu\-Im, Rm³ \n§Ä¡v BZyta ]c-{_-Ò-]c-ta-iz-csâ kzcq-]s¯ hÀ®n-¨p- sIm­p bmsXmcp clkyw ]d- ªp-X-¶n- cp-¶pthm AXp kÀÆYm kXy-am-Ip-¶p. C\n AXn-s\¯s¶ ho­pw {Kln-¸n-¡p-¶p. {i²m-]qÀÆw {ihn-¨p-sIm-Åp-I. F{]-Imcw Bfn-¡-¯n-s¡m-­n-cn-¡p¶ Aán-bnÂ\n¶pw AXp-t]m-

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Bbn-c-¡W -¡n\p kv^penwK§Ä \mep-]mSpw NnX-dp-¶pthm AXp-t]m-seXs¶ ]c-a-]p-cpj Ahn-\m-in-{_-Ò-¯n \n¶pw krjvSnIm- e¯n \m\m-{]-Im-c -¯n-epÅ `mh-§-tfm-Sp-Iq-S nb aqÀ¯hpw AaqÀ¯-hp-amb hkvXp-¡Ä DÛ-hn-¡p-Ibpw {]f-bm-I-me-¯n ho­pw At±-l-¯n¯s¶ eo\-am-IpIbpw sN¿p-¶p. ChnsS `mhs¯ {]I-S-am-¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ Imcyw {Kln-¸n-¡p-¶-Xn-\mbn Aán-bp-tSbpw kv^penw-K§-fp-tSbpw ZrjvSm´w \ÂI-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶p. kw_Ôw þ bmsXmcp ]c-{_Ò ]c-ta- iz-c-\nÂ\n¶pw Cu PK¯v DÛ-hn-¨n«v ho­pw At±-l-¯n¯s¶ hneo-\-ambn-¯o- cp-¶p. Ah kzbw F§s\ þ F¶p hnh-cn- ¡p¶p þ

4. Aán-aqÀ[m N£pjo N{µ-kqcyu Znix t{imt{X hmKv hnhr-XmÝ thZmx hmbpx {]mtWm lrZbw hniz-aky ]Zv`ymw ]rYnho tlyj kÀÆ-`q-Xm-´-cm-ßm.

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kw_Ôw þ B ]c-am-ßm-hnÂ\n¶pw Cu Ncm-Nc-P-KB Znhy-]p-cp-j-\mb ]c-am-ßmhv \nÊ-tµ-l-amb BIm- ¯nsâ D¸¯n GsXÃmw {Ia-§-fn kw`-hn-¡p¶p? v c-c-ln-X\pw AJn-eP-K-¯n-tâbpw AI¯pw ]pd¯pw ]cn- Cu {]iv\-¯n\v {]Im-cm-´- c-ambn PK-Zp-X]-¯n-bpsS {Iaw hnh-cn-¡p-¶p. ]qÀ®\pw BIp-¶p. At±lw P·m-Zn-c-ln-X\pw hnip-²\pw BWv; F´p-sIm-s­- ¶m At±-l-¯n-\m-Is« {]mW-\p-an5. Xkvam-Z-ánx kant[m bky kqcyx Ã, C{µn-b-§-fp-an-Ã, a\-Êp-an-Ã. At±-l-¯n\v Ch-sbm-¶pwtkmamXv ]ÀÖ\y Hmj-[bx ]rYnhymw Iq-SmsX FÃmw sN¿p-¶-Xn\p Ign-bp-¶p. AXn-\m kÀÆ]qam³ tcXx kn©pXn tbmjn-Xmbmw i-àn-am-\mb B ]c-ta-iz-c³ Ahn-\m-in-bmb Pohm-ßm-hn_lzox {]Pmx ]pcp-jmXv kw{]-kqXmx s\-¡mfpw AXy´w t{ijvT\m-Ip-¶p. kÀÆYm D¯-a-\mIp-¶p. ]c-ta- iz-c³ Cu PK-¯ns\ krjvSn-¨-t¸m-sgms¡ kZm Htc coXn-bn-em-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. A§s\ \nb-a-hp-anà At±lw kw_Ôw þ ta¸dª e£-W-§-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb \ncm-Imc-\mb ]c- ta- iz- c-\nÂ\n¶pw Cu kmIm-c-P¯v F§s\ DÛ- Ft¸mÄ F§s\ k¦-ev]n-¡p- ¶pthm AtX-{]-Imcw AtX hn-¡p¶p? Cu PnÚm-kbv¡v At±-l-¯nsâ kÀÆ iàn- {Ia-¯n PK¯v DÛ-hn-¡p-¶p. Cu `mhs¯¯s¶ kv]jvS-am-¡p-¶-Xn\p ChnsS {]Imc hyXym-k-t¯m-Sp-IqXzs¯ hÀ®n-¡p¶p þ Snb krjvSn-bpsS D¸-¯nsb hnh-cn-¡p-¶p. ]c-{_Ò 3. GX-kvam-Öm-btX {]mtWm a\x ]pcp-tjm-¯- a-\n \n¶pw kÀÆ-{]-Y-a-ambn At±-l- ¯nsâ kÀtÆ-{µn-bmWn N ANn-´y-i-àn-bpsS Hcw- i-amb AÛp-XmKv\nXXzw D­mJw hmbpÀtPym-Xn-cm]x ]rYnho bn. AXnsâ kan¯p (C\v[\w) kqcy-\m-Ip¶p; AXm-bXv hniz-ky-[m-cn-Wo. kqcy-_nw-_-¯nsâ cq]-¯n AXp Pzen-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p¶p. AKv\nbnÂ\n¶pw N{µ- \p-­m-bn, N{µ- \nÂ\n¶pw (kqB ]c-{_Ò ]pcp-tjm-¯-a³ \ncm-Im-c\pw a\Êv C{µncy-c-ivan-bnÂ\n¶pw kq£va-cq-]-t¯m-Sp-IqSn ØnXn-sN-bvXnb-§Ä apX-emb Ic-W-kap-Zm-b-§-fnÂ\n¶pw kÀÆYm cp¶ Pe-¯n Aev]w ioXfX-bp-­m-bXp Imc- Ww) taLcln-X\pw Bbn-cn-¡p¶p F¶n-cp-¶mepw FÃmw {]hÀ¯nap-­m-bn. taL-¯nÂ\n¶pw hÀjw-aqew `qan-bn \m\m¡p-¶-Xn\p kaÀ°\pw BWv. Cu kÀÆ iàn-am-\mb {]-Im- c-¯n- epÅ Huj- [nIÄ D­m- bn. B Huj- [nIsf `£n]c-{_-Ò-]pcptjm¯-a-\nÂ\n-¶p-X- s¶ krjvSnIme-¯Â ¨-XnÂ\n-¶p-­mb hocys¯ ]pcp- j³ Xsâ hÀ¤- ¯n- epÅ {]mW³, a\Êv (A-´x-Ic-Ww), k¼qÀ® C{µn-b§Ä kv{Xobn Xfn-¨-t¸mÄ Ah-fnÂ\n¶pw k´m\w D­m-bn. Chbpw BIm-iw, hmbp, tXP-Ê,v Pew FÃm Poh-Pm-e-§C§s\ ]c-a-]p-cp-j-\mb ]c- ta-iz-c-\n \n¶pw Cu \m\mtfbpw hln-¡p¶ ]rYzn Cu ]©-a-lm-`q-X-§fpw FÃmw {]-Im-c-¯n-ep-apÅ Ncm-N-c-Po-hn-IÄ DÛ-hn-¨p. DÛ-hn-¡p-¶p. kw_-Ô w- þ -C-{]-Imcw FÃm Pohn-I-fp-tSbpw D¸-¯n- {Ikw_Ôw þ C{]-Imcw Npcp-¡-¯n ]c-ta-iz-c-\n as¯ hnh-cn-¨n«v C\n Ah-bpsS FÃm c£- b¡pw-th­n v \n¶pw kq£va-X- Xz-§-fpsS D¸-¯n-sb- ¸än ]d-ªn«v C\n sN¿-s¸-tS­ bÚm-ZnIfpw Ah-bpsS km[-\-Ifpw ^ePK-¯n `K-hmsâ hncmSv kzcq]w ZÀin-¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ §fpw AtX ]c-ta-iz-c-\nÂ\n¶pw {]I-S-am-Ip¶p F¶ {]Im- c-§Ä ]d-bp¶p þ Imcyhpw ]d-b-s¸-Sp-¶p.

2. Znthym lyaqÀ¯x ]pcpjx k_m-lym-`y-´tcm lyPx A{]mtWm lya\mx ipt{`m ly£-cmXv ]cXx ]cx

aäp a{´-§-fn bmsXmcp ]c-ta-iz-c³ \ncm-Im-c-kz-cq]-\mbn hÀ®n-¡-s¸-«n- cn-¡p- ¶pthm At±-l-¯n-tâ-Xp-X- s¶bmWv Cu {]Xy-£-ambn ImW-s¸-Sp¶ PK-¯nsâ hncmSv kzcq-]w. Cu hncmSv kzcq]w At±-l-¯nsâ Aán AXmbXv ZyptemIw akvX- Ihpw N{µ\pw kqcy\pw c­p-t\-{X§fpw kakvX Zn¡p-IÄ IÀ®-§fpw \m\m-hn-[-§-fmb Oµ-Êp-IÄ a{´- §- fpsS cq]- ¯n hnkvXr-X-am-bn-cn-¡p¶ \mep thZ-hm-Wn-Ifpw hmbp-{]m-W\pw k¼qÀ®-Ncm-N-cP-K¯v lrZ-bhpw ]rYzn At±-l-¯nsâ ]mZ§fpw BIp¶p. Cu ]c- {_Ò ]c-ta-iz-c³ kIe Pohn-I-fp-tSbpw A´cym-an-bmb ]c-am-ßm-hm-Ip-¶p.

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b-§-fpsS hnj-bcq-]-§-fmb Ggp kan-¯p-Ifpw Ggp-{]Im-c-a-§-fn-epÅ lh-\hpw AXm-bXv _mly-hn-jb cq]§-fmb kan-¯p-IfpsS C{µnb cq]-am-Ip¶ Aán-bn \nt£-]-cq-]{In-bbpw Cu C{µn-b§-fpsS hmk-Øm-\-cq]-amb k]vX- tem-I§fpw AXn hkn-¨n«v Cu C{µn-bcqB ]c-ta-iz-c-\nÂ\n-¶p-Xs¶ EtKz- Z-¯nse a{´- §fpw ]-am-Ip¶ k]vX- {]m-W³ AXm-Xn-tâ-Xmb Imcy- §Ä \nÀhkma-th-Z- ¯nse a{´- §fpw bPpÀth-Z-¯nse {ipXn-Ifpw ln-¡p-¶p. \n{Zm-k-abw a\-Ên-t\m-Sp-IqSn H¶m-bn«v lrZ-bAXp-t]mse bÚm-Zn-IÀ½-§-fpsS Zo£bpw FÃm-hn-[- cq-]-am-Ip¶ Kpl-bn ibn-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p¶ Cu Ggn¯n- ep-apÅ bÚ-§fpw {IXp-¡fpw Ahbv¡p \evI-s¸- tâ-Xmb kap-Zmbw ]c-ta-iz-c-Zzmcm AJne Pohn-I-fnepw Sp¶ Z£n-W-Ifpw þ At±lw sNbvXn-cn¡p¶ Cu kwh- Øm]n-¡-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶p. Õ-c-cq-]-am-Ip¶ Imes¯ Ahsb sN¿p-¶-Xn-\pÅ A[n- kw_-Ô w- þ -C-{]-Imcw B²ym-ßnI hkvXp-¡-fpsS Dev¸Im-cn-bmb bP-am-\t\bpw Ah-bpsS ^e-kz-cq-]-§-fmb ¯nbpw ØnXnbpw ]c-ta-iz-c-\nÂ\n-¶p-Xs¶ F¶p {Klnkqcy\pw N{µ\pw {]Im-in-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p¶ temI- §fpwþ ¸n-¨n«v ]n¶oSv PK-¯nsâ D¸-¯nbpw At±-l-¯nÂ\nCh-sbÃmw D­m-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. ¶p-Xs¶ F¶p ]d-ªp-sIm­v {]I-c-Ws¯ D]-kw-l-cnkw_-Ôw-þ- C\n tZhm- ZnIfpsS hyXym-k-§fpw FÃm kZmNm-c-§fpw AtX-{_-Ò-¯nÂ\n¶pw DÛ-hn-¨p. AXns\ hnh-cn-¡p-¶p. ¡p-¶p.

6. Xkvam-ZrNx kma bPpwjn Zo£m bÚmÝ kÀth {IXthm Z£n-WmÝ kwh-Õ-cÝ bP-am-\Ý temIm tkmtam b{X ]htX b{X. kqcyx

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Cu ]c-ta-iz-c-\n \n¶pw kakvX kap-{Z-§fpw ]ÀÆX- §fpw DÛ-hn-¨p. CXnÂ\n¶pw ]pd-s¸-«v. At\-Im-Ir-XnB ]c-{_Ò ]c-ta-iz-c-\n \n¶p-Xs¶ hkp, cp{Z³ I-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb \Zn-IÄ {]h-ln-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. Ct±-lBZn-bmbn At\Iw {]Im-c-§-fn-epÅ tZh-K-W-§Ä DÛ- ¯nÂ\n-¶p-Xs¶ ka-kvX-Hu-j-[n-Ifpw ck-§fpw D¸hn-¨p. At±-l-¯nÂ\n-¶p-Xs¶ km[y-K-W-§fpw ]e-hn- ¶-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. X¡m-c-W-¯m ]pjvS-amb ico-c§[-¯n-epÅ a\p-jycpw hn`n¶ PmXn arK-§fpw \m\m-Xcw fn AJn-e-¯n-tâbpw A\-´- cm- ßm-hmb B ]c- ta-iz- c³, ]£n-Ifpw AXp-t]mse aäp-Po-h-Pm- e-§fpw D­m-bn. FÃm- B FÃm Pohn-I-fp-tSbpw Bßm-¡-tfm-Spw-IqSn AXm-Xp-I¯n- tâbpw Poh-cq-]-amb {]mW\pw A]m- \\pw AXp-t]mse fpsS lrZ-b-§-fn hkn-¡p-¶p. kIe Pohn-I-fp-tSbpw Blm-c-cq-]§-fmb ]e-hn[ [ym\- kw_-Ô w-þ B ]c-ta-iz-c-\n \n¶pw FÃm DÛ-hn-¨-Xp§fpw D­m-bn. At±-l-¯n \n¶p Xs¶ X]w, `àn, Im-cWw Ah-sbÃmw Xs¶ At±-l-¯nsâ kzcq-]-am-IpkXyw, {_Ò-Ncyw Ch {]I-S-am-bn. bÚmZn IÀ½- §Ä ¶p. C{Xbpw ]dªv At±- ls¯ Adn-bp-¶- Xp-sIm- ­p-­m\S-¯p- ¶-Xn-\pÅ hn[n-Ifpw B ]c-ta- iz- c-\n \n¶p-Xs¶ Ip¶ ^es¯ {Kln-¸n-¨p-sIm­v Cu JWvUs¯ kam{]I- S- am-bn. FÃmw At±- l- ¯n \n¶pw DÛ- hn-¨p. At±lw ]n-¸n-¡p¶p þ Xs¶ AJn-e¯n-tâbpw ImcWw F¶p Xmev]-cyw. -

7. Xkvam¨ tZhm _lp[m kw{]-kqXmx km[ym a\pjymx ]ithm hbmwkn {]mWm-]m\u {holn-bhu X]Ý {i²m kXyw {_Ò-Ncyw hn[n-Ý.

9. AXx kap{Zm Knc-bÝ kÀth þ kvamÕy-µt´ knÔhx kÀh-cq]mx AXÝ kÀhm Hmj-[tbm ckÝ tbss\j `qssX-kvXn-jvTtX ly´-cm-ßm.

X]Êv AXm-bXv kwb-a-cq] km[-\, IÀ½w AXm-bXv _mly km[-\-hgn-bmbn \S-¯-s¸-Sp¶ IrXyw, ]c-am-arX {_Òw þ Ch-sbÃmw ]c-a-]p-cpj ]pcp-tjm-¯-a³ Xs¶AtX ]c- ta-iz-c-\nÂ\n¶pw Ggp {]mW\pw þ AXm- bXv hnj-b-§sf {]Im- in-¸n- ¡p-¶-Xn\p hntijiàn-bpÅ Ggv bm-Ip-¶p. {]nb-iu-\-I, lrZ-b-cq-]-am-Ip¶ Kpl-bn HfnC{µn-b§Ä þ IÀ®-§Ä, Xz¡v, t\{Xw, ck-\, {]mW³ ªn-cn-¡p¶ A´-cym-an-bmb Cu ]c-ta-iz-cs\ bmsXm-cpAXp-t]mse hmWnbpw a\Êpw a\-tÊm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bpÅ C{µn- ¯³ Xncn- ¨ -d n-b p-¶ pthm Ah³ Cu a\p-j y- i -c o-c b-§-fpsS tIÄ¡Â, kv]Àin-¡Â, izkn-¡Â, kwkm-cn- ¯n¯s¶ Ahn- Zym- P-\n-X-amb A´x-I-c-W-¯nsâ sI«p¡Â, a\\w sN¿Â C{]-Im-c-apÅ Ggp hr¯n-Ifpw AXm- Isf XIÀ¯p-I-f-bp- ¶p. AXm- bXv FÃm {]Im-c-¯n- ep-apÅ bXv hnj- bs¯ {Kln- ¸n- ¡p-¶-Xn- \pÅ iàn-Ifpw B C{µn- kwi-b-§-fnepw {`a§fn-epw-\n¶p cln-X-\mbn ]c-{_-Òb-§-fpsS hnj-b-cq-]-§-fmb Ggp kvan¯p-Ifpw B C{µn- ]p-cp-tjm-¯-as\ {]m]n-¡p-¶p.

8. k]vX {]mWmx {]`-h´n XkvamXv k]vXmÀ¨njx kan[x k]vX tlmamx k]vX Cta temIm tbjp Nc´n {]mWm Kplm-ibm \nlnXmx k]vX k]vX.

10. ]pcpj GthZw hnizw-IÀ½ Xt]m-{_Ò ]cmar-X w. GXtZym thZ-\n-l nXw Kplmbmw tkm hnZym{KÙnw hnIn-cn-Xol tkmay.

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1. Bhnx kw\n-lnXw Kplm-Ncw \ma al-Xv]-Zass{X-X-Õ-aÀ¸nXw GP-Xv{]m-W -¶n-an-j ¨ btZX-Öm-\Y kZ-k-Zz-tcWyw ]cw hnPvRm-\m-Zy-ZzcnjvTw {]Pm-\mw.
kÀÆ-i-àn-am\pw kÀÆ-Ú\pw kÀÆ-hym-]n-bp-amb ]c-ta-iz-c³ {]Im-i-cq-]-\m-Ip-¶p. AJne Poh-Pm-e-§-fpsS AXy´w kao-]¯v Ah-cpsS lrZ-b-cq- ]-am-Ip¶ Kpl-bn Hfn-ªn-cn-¡p¶ Imc-Ww-sIm-­p-Xs¶ At±lw Kp]vXNc³ F¶-t]-cn {]kn-²-\m-bn-¯oÀ¶n-cn-¡p-¶p. F{Xam{Xw Cf-Ip-¶Xpw Nen-¡p-¶Xpw izkn-¡p-¶Xpw I®-Sbv¡p-¶Xpw Xpd-¡p-¶-Xp-amb Pohn-I-fpt­m Ah-sb-Ãm¯n-tâbpw kap-Zmbw Cu ]c-ta-iz-c-\n¯s¶ ØnXnsN-¿p-¶p. AJn- e-¯n-tâbpw A{i-b-Øm\w Cu ]c-ßmhm-Ip-¶p. \n§Ä Ct±-l s¯ Adn-b p-hn³. Ct±lw k¯pw Ak¯pw AXm-bXv Imcyhpw Imc-ahpw AXpt]mse {]I-Shpw A{]-I-Shpw FÃm-am-Ip-¶p. FÃm hn[¯nepw hc-W-tbm-Kyhpw AXy´w t{ijvThpw XYm kakvX-Po-hn-I-fp-tSbpw _p²n¡v A¸pdhpw BIp-¶p; AXmbXv _p²n-Zzm-cm-A-PvtR-b-am-Ip-¶p. kw_-Ô w-þ -AtX ]c-{_Ò ]c-ta-iz-c³sc XXzs¯ a\Ên-em-¡p-¶-Xn-\p-th­n ho­pw At±-l-¯nsâ kzcq]s¯ aäp hm¡p-Ifn¡qSn hÀ®n-¡p-¶pþ -

3. [\p-Kr-þ-lo-Xzu-]-\n-jZw alm{kw icw lyp]m-km-\n-inXw kw[-boX Bbay XZv `mhKtX\ tNXkm e£yw XtZ-hm-£cw tkmay hn²n.

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2. bZÀ¨n- a - Z y- W pt`ymWp N bkv a nw- t ÃmIm \nlnXm temIn-\-Ý . XtZ-X -Z-£ cw {_Ò k {]mW-k vX -Zp-h m-Mva\x XtZ-X -Õ Xyw XZ-arXw XtZz-²hyw tkmay-hn-²n.
bmsXmcp ]c-{_-Ò]-c-ta-iz-c³ AXy´w tZZo]yam\ {]Im-i-cq-]-am-Ip-¶pthm bmsXm¶p kq£va-¯nepw AXnkq- £va -am-bn-cn-¡p- ¶p-thm-am\ {]mIm-i-cq-]-am- Ip-¶pthm bmsXm¶p kq£va-¯nepw AXn-kq-£- a-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm bmsXm-¶n ka-kX-tem-I-§fpw AXp-I-fnse FÃm Pohv Pm-e§fpw ØnXn-sN-¿p-¶pthm AXm-XXv Ch-sbÃmw bmsXm-¶ns\ B{i- bn-¨n- cn- ¡p- ¶pshm AXp-Xs¶ FÃm- ¯ntâbpw Poh³ ZmXm-hmb {]mW³, AXp-Xs¶ FÃm-äntâbpw hmWnbpw a\kvkpw AXm-bXv AJn-e-P-K-¯ntâbpw C{µn-b-§fpw A´x-I-c-W-cq-]-¯n {]I-S-am-bn-cn¡p-¶-Xpw. AXp-Xs¶ ]c-a-c-k-Xy-hpw-þ-A-ar-Xhpw Ahn-\min-bmb XXzhpw BIp-¶p. {]nb-s¸« iu\-I, t`Zn-¡-s¸Sp-hm³ tbmKy-amb B e£ys¯ \o t`Zn-¡p,-A-Xm-bXv C\n ]d-b-s¸-Sp¶ {]Im-c-§-fn¡qSn km[-\-sNbvXv X·b- am-bn-¯o-cp. kw_-Ô w-þ -e-£ys¯ t`Zn-¡p-¶-Xn\v A¼pw hnÃpw thWw. AXn-\m Cu cq]-I- ¯nsâ ]qÀ®-X-b¡p-th­n v FÃm kma-{Kn-I-tfbpw hÀ®n-¡p-¶p.þ

F{]-Imcw Hcp _mWs¯ e£y-¯n-te-¡-b¡p-¶-Xn\p-ap-¼mbn AXnsâ ap\sb NmW-bn Dc¨p aqÀ¨-Iq-«pIbpw AXn-t·epÅ Xpcp-¼p-IÄ FÃmw Ifªv DPvPzebpw Xnf-¡hpw DÅ-Xm-¡n-¯oÀ¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶pthm AtX-{]-Imcw Xs¶ Bß-cq-]-am-Ip¶ ics¯ D]m-k-\Zzmcm \nÀ½- ehpw ip²-hp- am¡n AXns\ {]W-h-cq- ]- am-Ip¶ [\p-kkn \¶mbn sXmSp-¯p-hn-SWw; AXm-bXv Bßmv hns\ {]Wh¯nsâ D¨m-cW¯nepw AXnsâ AÀ°-cq]-amb ]c-am-Xva-Nn-´-bnepw kay-¡m-b-hn-[-¯n hym]rX-am-¡-Ww. AXn-\ p-tijw bmsXm-cp-h n-[ -¯ n [\pkvkns\ kÀÆ- i-àn-I-tfm-Sp-IqSn hen¨p _mWs¯ e£y¯n-t e- ¡ p- h n- S p-¶ pthm X¡m- c -W - ¯ m AXn\p e£ys¯ ]qÀ®-ambpw t`Zn-¡p-hm³ Ign-bp-¶p. AtX{]-Im-cw-Xs¶ ChnsS `mh-]qÀ®Nn¯-t¯m-Sp-IqSn HmwImc- ¯ nsâ D¨m- c Ww AXy- [ nIw \o«nbpw AXnsâ AÀ°s¯ {]Km-V-ambn kpZoÀL-Imew Nn´n-¡p-¶Xn\pw ]d-bs¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶p. AXp-sIm­v Bßmhv \nÝn-Xcq-]-t¯m- Sp- IqSn Ahn-\m-in-bmb ]c-am-ßm-hn {]th- in-¡pIbpw AXp-ambn XmZmßyw {]m]n¨v Ahn-N- e-Ø nXn {]m]n¡p-Ibpw sN¿pw. HmwIm-c¯nsâ t{]a-]qÀ®-a m-bpÅ D¨m-c-Whpw AXp-t]mse AXnsâ AÀ°-cq-]amb ]c-amßm-hnsâ {]Km-V-amb Nn´bpw At±-ls¯ {]m]n-¡p-¶Xn-\pÅ kÀtÆm-¯-a-amb D]m-b-am-Ip-¶p. kw_Ôw þ ]qÀÆ-a-{´-¯nÂ]-dª cq]-Is¯ ChnsS kv]jvS-am-¡p-¶p.

4. {]Wthm [\px itcm lymßm {_Ò XÃ- £ y-a p-NytX A{]-a-t¯\ th²hyw ic-h-¯-·tbm `th-Xv.
apI-fn ]dª cq]-I-¯n ]c-ta-iz-csâ hmN-I-amb {]Whw (Hmw-Im-cw) [\pÊpw Cu Pohm-ßmhp icochpw ]c-{_Ò ]c-ta-iz-c³ e£yhpw BIp-¶p. XÂ]-c-X-tbmSp-IqSn At±-ls¯ D]m-kn-¡p¶ km[-I³ hgn-bmbn am{Xta B e£yw t`Zn- ¡- s¸- Sp-hm³ km[n- ¡p-¶p- Åq. AXn\m tl tkmay, \n\¡p ]qÀtÆm-à-amb cq]-¯n B e£ys¯ t`Zn¨p _mW-t¯-t¸m-se-Xs¶ AXn X·-bam-bn-¯o-c-Ww. kw_-Ô w-þ -ho­pw ]c-ta-iz-csâ kzcq-]s¯ hÀ®n-¨psIm­v {]am-Z-c-ln-X\pw hnc-à-\p-ambn AXns\ {Kln-¡p¶-Xn-\p-th­n {ipXn ]d-bp-¶p.

5. bkvan³ Zyux ]rYnho Nm´-cn£ tamXw a\x kl {]mssWÝ kÀssÆx

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Xta-sshIw Pm\Y Bßm-\-a\ym hmtNm hnap©Ym-ar-Xsskyj tkXpx.
bmsXmcp ]c-{_Ò ]c-am-ßm-hn kzÀ¤hpw ]rYznbpw Ah-bpsS CS-bv¡pÅ k¼qÀ® BIm-ihpw AXp-t]mse kakvX {]mW\pw C{µn-bbp-à-amb a\Êpw _p²n-cq-]amb A´x-I-c- Whpw FÃmw DuSpw-]mhpw t]mse- bm- Ip-¶p, AtX GI kÀÆm-ßm-hmb ]c-ta-iz-cs\ \o ]qÀtÆm-àamb D]m-b-Zzmcm Adn-bq. asäÃm Imcy-§-tf-bpw, {KmayNÀ¨-I-sf, kÀÆYm Dt]-£n¨p If-bq. Ch-sbÃmw \nsâ km[-\-IÄ¡p XS-Ê-§-fm-Ip-¶p. AXn-\m Ah-tbmSp kÀÆYm hnc-à-\mbn km[-\-I-fn X¸-c-\m-bn-¯o-cp-I. CXp-Xs¶ Aar-X- ¯nsâ ]mew AXm-b-Xv, kwkm-c-k-ap-{Z¯n¡qSn A¡-sc-I-S¶v Aar-X-kz-cq-]amb ]c-am-ßmhns\ {]m]n-¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ ]mew. kw_Ôw þ ho­pw ]c-ta-iz-csâ kzcq-]s¯ hÀ®n-¨psIm­v AXnsâ {]m]vXn-¡m-bpÅ km[-\-I-sf-¸än ]d-bp¶p.

XZzn-Úm-t\\ ]cn-]-iy´n [ocm B\-µ-cq-]-a-arXw bZv hn`m-Xn.

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bmsXmcp ]c-{_Òw ]c-ta-iz- c³ kÀÆ-Ú\pw þ FÃma-dn-bp-¶-h\pw þ FÃm-`m-K-¯p-apÅ FÃm-än-t\bpw \¶mbn-«-dn-bp-¶-h\pw BIp-¶p, AXm-bXv tZi-Im-e§Ä At±l-¯nsâ Úm\- i-ànsb _m[n-¡p-¶n-Ã. At±-l- ¯nsâ BÝ-cy-a-lna PK-¯n {]Xy-£- am-W.v AJn-e-¯n- tâbpw Bßm-hmb ]c-ta-iz-c³ ]c-a-thymaw F¶ \ma-¯m {]kn-²-amb Znhym-Im-i-cq-]-amb {_Ò-tem-I-¯n kzcq]- h m- \ mbn ØnXn-s N-¿ p-¶ p. FÃm Pohn-I - f p- tSbpw {]mW\pw ico-chpw \nb-{´n-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p¶ Cu ]c-taiz-c³ a\-Ên hym]n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶-Xp-sIm­v at\m-a-b³ F¶p hnfn-¡-s¸-Sp-¶p. FÃm PohnIfptSbpw lrZ-b-I-a-e¯n\m{ibw \ÂIn-s¡m­v A¶-a-b-amb Øqe-i-co-c¯n {]Xn-jTn-X-\m-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. B\-µ-a-b-\mbn Ahn-\mv in-bmbn kÀÆ{X {]Im-in-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p¶ B ]c-{_Òs¯ _p²n-am-·m-cmb BfpIÄ hnÚm\w hgn-bmbn {]Xy£s¸Sp-¯n-s¡m-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. kw_-Ô w-þ -C\n ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ Úm\-^ew ]d-bp-¶p.

6. Acm Ch cY-\m`u kwlXm b{X \mUyx k Gtjm´ÝctX _lp[m Pmb-am\x Hman-tXyhw [ymbY Bßm\w kzkvXn hx ]mcmb Xakx ]c-kvXm-Xv.
F{]-Imcw cY-N-{I-¯nsâ tI{µ-¯n IW-¦m-ep-IÄ LSn-¸n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶pthm AtX-{]-Im-c-¯n ico-c-¯nsâ FÃm \mUn-Ifpw bmsXmcp lrZ-b-¯n GI{X ØnX-ambn-cn-¡p-¶pthm AtX lrZ-b-¯n \m\m cq]-§-fn {]IS-am-¡p¶ ]c-{_-Ò-]-c-am-ßmhv A´-cym-an-cq-]-¯n hkn¡p-¶p. Ch-sb-Ãm-¯n-tâbpw Bßmhv ]pcp-tjm-¯-asâ "Hmw' Imc-¯nsâ D¨m-c-W-t¯m- Sp-IqSn \nc-´- c-ambn [ym\n¨p-sIm­p hkn-¡q. C{]-Imcw ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ HmwIm-c-P]hpw AXnsâ AÀ°-`q-X-amb ]c-am-ßm-hns\ [ym\n-¨psIm­v hkn-¡p-¶-XnÂ\n¶pw \n§Ä B ]c-am-ßm-hns\ {]m]n-¡p-h m³ kaÀ°-c m-b n-¯ o-c pw. bmsXm-c p-¯ ³ AÚm-\m-Ô -Im-c-¯nÂ\n¶pw kÀÆYm AXo-X-\mbpw kwkm- c - k m- K - c - ¯ nsâ A ¡- s cbpw Bbn- c n- ¡ pw. "\n§Ä¡p awK-f-ap-­m-Is«' C{]-Imcw BNm-cy³ D]cypà hn[n-Ifm km[\ A\p-jvTn-¡p¶ injy·msc BioÀÆ-Zn-¡p-¶p. kw_Ôw þ ho­pw ]c-ta-iz-csâ kzcq-]s¯¯s¶ hÀ®n-¡p-¶p.

8. `nZytX lrZ-b-{KÙn ivOnZyt´ kÀÆ-kw-i bmx £obt´ Nmky IÀ½mWn Xkvan³ZrjvtS ]cm-h -tc.
Imcy- Im-cW kzcq-]-\mb B ]c-amß ]pcp- tjm- ¯- asâ XXzs¯ {Kln¡p¶Xn-\p-taÂ, Cu PU-i-co-cs¯¯s¶ X§-fpsS kzcq-]-sa¶p hniz-kn-¡p¶ PohnIfpsS lrZb-¯nse Ahn-Zym-cq-]-amb sI«-gnªp t]mIp-¶p. am{X- aÃ, Ah-cpsS FÃm kwi-b-§fpw Aäp-t]m-Ibpw kakvX ip`m-ip-`-IÀ½-§fpw \in-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. AXm-bXv B Pohn FÃm _Ô-\§-fn \n¶pw apà-\m-bn«v ]c-am\-µ-kz-cq-]-\mb ]c-ta-iz-cs\ {]m]n-¡p-¶p. kw_Ôw þ B ]c-{_-Ò-¯nsâ Øm\w, kzcq-]w, alna Chsb hÀ®n-¡p-¶p.

9. lnc¬atb ]tc tImti hncPw {_Ò \njvIew XÑvip{`w tPymXnjmw tPymXn-kvX-Zy-Zm-ßhntZm-h nZpx
\nÀ½-e\pw \nÀÆn-Im-c\pw Ah-b-h-c-ln-X\pw Bb AJ-WU-]-c-am-ßmhv {]Im-i-a-b-amb ]c-am-[-a-¯n hncmv Pn-¡p-¶p. At±lw kÀÆYm hnip-²\pw FÃm {]Im-i-bpà-§-fmb ]ZmÀ°-§-fp-Sbpw {]Im-ihpw BIp- ¶p. At±ls¯ Bß- Úm- \n- I- fmb alm-ßm- ¡Ä am{Xw Adn- bp- ¶p .

7. bx kÀÆÚx kÀh-hnZv bsskyj aln-am-`qhn Znthy {_Ò-]ptc tlyj thymav\ymßm {]Xn-j vT nXx at\m-abx {]mW-i-co-c-t\Xm {]XnjvTn tXmt¶ lrZbw kw\n-[n-bmb

10. \ X{X kqtcym `mXn \ N{µ-Xm-cIw t\am hnZyptXm `m´n ItXmbaánx Xtah `m´-a-\p-`mXn kÀhw Xky `mkm kÀÆ-anZw hn`m-Xn.

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B kzbw-{]-Imiw ]c-am-\µ kzcq-]-\mb ]c-ta-iz-csâ kao]w kqcy³ {]Im-in-¡p-¶n-Ã. kqcy-{]-Im-k-¯n an¶m-an-\p-§nsâ {]Imkw ep]vXam-bn-¯o-cp-¶-Xp-t]mse kqcy-tX- PÊpw B Ako-a-tX-P-kknsâ ap¼n \njv{]-`v am-bn-¯ o-c p-¶p. N{µ\pw Xmcm-K-W -§ fpw hnZyp¯pw AhnsS {]Im-i n-¡ p-¶ n- à , ]ns¶ Cu temI-¯ nse AánbpsS Imcyw F´n\p ]d- bp-¶p. F¶p-sIm-s­- ¶m {]Ir-X-P-K-¯n {]Imi kz`m-h-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Sn-bX- Xz-§-sfÃmw-X s¶ ]c-{_Ò ]c-ta-iz-csâ {]Im-i -i-àn-bpsS Awis¯ e`n- ¨n- «p- {]- Im- in- ¡p- ¶p. Ahbv¡v X§- fpsS {]Imi- I³sc kao]w X§-fpsS {]Imiw F§s\ hym]n-¸n- ¡phm³ Ignbpw? Cu k¼qÀ®-P-K¯v PK-Zm-Xm-am-hmb ]pcptjm-¯-asâ {]Im-i-¯nÂ\n¶pw AYhm {]Im-i-¯nsâ Hcp £p{ZmwkwsIm­p {]Im-in¨p sIm­n-cn-¡p-¶p.

j-t¯m-Spw-IqSn A\p-`-hn-¡p-¶p.ASp-¯Xp Cuiz-c³ B IÀ½-^-e-§-tfm-Spw-IqSn A\p-`-hn- ¡p-¶p. ASp- ¯Xp Cuizc³ B IÀ½-^-e§-tfmSv bmsXmcp {]Im-c-¯nepw teiam-{X-am-bn-t¸mepw _Ôw-]p-eÀ¯msX tIhew I­p-sIm­p-am- {X-an-cn-¡p-¶p.

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2. kamt\ hrt£ ]pcptjm \natám \oibm timNXn aply-am\x PqjvSw bZm ]iy-Xy-\y-ao-iþ aky aln-am-\-anXn hoXtimIx.
t\cs¯ hÀ®n-¡-s¸-«n-cp¶ ico-c-cq-]-am-Ip¶ Htc-hr£-¯n lrZ-bm-Ip¶ amf-¯n hkn-¡p¶ Cu Pohmßmhv Xt¶mSp-IqSn hkn-¡p¶ ]c-a-kp-lr-¯mb ]c-taiz-cs\ t\m¡m-sXbpw ico-c-¯n¯s¶ Bk-à-\mbn AXn¯s¶ \na-á-\mbn AXm-bXv ico-c-t¯mSv At`Zyamb aa-X-]p-eÀ¯n AXp-hgn e`y-am-Ip¶ t`mK-kp-J-§sf A\p-`- hn-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p- ¶-Xp-hsc Ak-aÀ°-cq- ]-amb Zo\X-bn tamln-X-ambn \m\m {]Im-c-¯n-epÅ ZpxJ-§sf A\p-`-hn-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. `K-h Ir]-bm X¶n \n¶pw `n¶hpw \nXyhpw Xsâ kao-]-¯p-Xs¶ hkn-¡p¶-h\pw ]c-a-k-lr-Zb \pw ]c-a-{]n-b\pw `à-·m-cm tkhn-X-\p-amb Cuiz-c-t\bpw PK-¯n `n¶-`n-¶-co-Xn-Ifn {]I-S-am-bn-s¡m-­n-cn-¡p¶ At±-l¯nsâ BÝ-cya-bn-b mb aln-a-tbbpw {]Xy-£-am-b -\ p-`-hn-¡ pt¼mÄ Ah³ X£Ww Xs¶ timI-c-ln-X-\m-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. kw_Ôw þ Cuiz-c-kz-cq-]s¯ hÀ®n-¨p-sIm­v At±ls¯ Xncn-¨-dn-bp-¶-Xp-sIm-­p-­m-Ip¶ ^es¯ hÀ®n¡p-¶p.

""{_ssÒ-th-Z-a-arZw ]pc-kvXm-Zv{_Ò ]Ým Zv{_lva Z£nW-X-tÝm-¯tcW A[tÝmÀ[zw N {]krXw {_lvssa-thZw hniz-anZw hcn-jvTw.
Cu a{´-¯n ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ kÀÆ-hym-]IXbpw - kÀÆ-cq-]-Xbpw {]Xn-]m-Zn-¡-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶p. Cu Aa-c-cq-]\mb ]c-{_Ò ]c-amßm-hp-Xs¶ ap¶nepw ]n¶nepw CS¯pw he¯pw DÅnepw ]pd¯pw apI-fnepw Xmsgbpw kÀÆ{X hym]n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. Cu hniz-{_-lam-Þ-¯nsâ v cq]-¯n Cu kÀÆ-t{ijvT {_lvaw ImW-s¸-«p-sIm-­ncn- ¡p-¶ p.

XrXo-b -ap-W vU Iw
{]Y-a-ImWvUw

1. Zzm kp]À®m kbpPm kJmbm kam\w hr£w ]cn-j-kz-PmtX Xtbm-c-\ymx-]n-¸ew kzmZz-¯yþ \iv\-¶t\ym A`n-Nm-I -io-Xn.
KoX-bn F{]-Imcw PK-¯ns\ Aiz-°-hr-£-ambn hÀ®n-¡-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶pthm AtX- {]-Imcw Xs¶ Cu a{´¯n ico-cs¯ hS-hr-£-ambpw Pohm-ßm-hn-t\bpw ]cam-ßm-hn-t\bpw ]£n-bpsS cq]-ambpw hÀ®n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. CXp- t]mse Xs¶-bpÅ hÀ®\w ItTm- ]- \n-j-¯nepw Kplbn {]hn-jvS-amb {]Im-ihpw Ombbpw F¶ t]cn h¶n-«p-­v. Bibw c­p-Ø-e¯pw {]mtbW H¶p-X-s¶. Cu a\pjyicocw hr£wt]m-se-bm-Ip-¶p. Cuiz-c \pw Pohm-ßmhpw kZm H¶n- ¨p-hkn-¡p-¶ c­p Iq«p-]-£n-Ifm-Ip-¶p. AhÀ ico-c-cq-]-am-Ip¶ Cu hr£-¯n H¶n¨p-X-sâ lrZ-b-cq-]-am-Ip¶ s]m¯n \nh-kn-¡p-¶p. Cu c­n H¶mb Pohm-ßmhv B hr£- ¯nsâ ^e-cq-]-amb kz´w IÀ½-^-e-§sf AXm-bXv {]mc-_v[m-\p-k-c-W-ambn {]m]vX-§-fm-Ip¶ kpJ-Zpx-J-§sf Bk-àn-tbmSpw hntZz-

3. bZm ]iyx ]iytX cpIva-hÀ®w IÀ¯m-caoiw ]pcpjw {_Ò-tbm-\nw. XZm hnZzm³ ]pWy-]mt] hn[qb \ncRvP\x ]caw kmay-ap-ss]-Xn.
ap³ ]dª coXn-bn ]c-ta-iz-c-sâ BÝ-cy-a-bn-bmb aln-abpsS t\tc ZrjvSn-]-Xn-¸n-¨p-sIm­v At±-l-¯n- \-`nap-J-am-bn-t¸m-Ip¶ Pohm-ßmhv AJn-e-¯n-tâbpw \nb´mhpw {_Òm-hnsâ t]mepw BZn-Im-c-W\pw k¼qÀ® PK-¯ns\ krjvSn-¨-h\pw Bb Znhy-{]-Imi kzcq] ]c-a]pcpj]-c- ta-iz-cs\ km£mXv¡- cn-¡pt¼mÄ Ah³ Xsâ ]pWy-]m-]-IÀ½- §sf kaqew \in-¸n¨v Ah-bnÂ\n¶pw kÀÆYm _Ô-c-ln-X-\mbn ]c-a-\nÀ½e\mbn ]c-a-]p-cpjs\ {]m]n-¡p-¶p.

4. {]mtWm tlyj bx kÀÆ-`q-ssXÀhn-`mXn hnPm-\³ hnZzm³ `htX \mXn-hmZo Bß-{IoU Bß-cXnx {Inbmhm t\j {_Ò-hnZzmw hcnjvTx

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kXyw hnP-bn-¡p¶p; IÅw hnP-bn-¡p-¶n-Ã. ]c-amßmhv kXy-kz-cq-]-\m-Ip-¶p. AXn-\m At±-ls¯ {]m]n¡p-¶-Xn\v a\p-jy-cn kXys¯ {]Xn-jvTn-¡Ww F¶p Xm¸-cyw. ]c-am-ßm-hns\ {]m]n-¡p-¶-Xn\v kXyw A\nhm-cy-amb Hcp km[-\-bm-Wv. AXp-t]mse temI-¯n aäp Imcy-§-fnepw kXyw al-¯mbn hnP-bn-¡p-¶p. anYym-`mj-Ww, Zw`v, Im]Syw Ch sIm­v D¶-Xnsb B{K-ln-¡p¶-hÀ Ahkm\w \ncm-i-cm-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. anYym-`m-j-Ww, anYym- N-cWw Ch kXy-¯nsâ ad- hn \S- ¯p-¶-Xp-sIm­v NneÀ Ah-bn GXm­p kXy-¯nsâ Awi-ap-s­¶p hniz-kn-¡p-¶p. AXnÂ\n¶pw AhÀ¡v £Wn-I-amb Aev]-kzev]w em`w D­m-Ip-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. F¶m AXnsâ ]cn-Wmaw ip`-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶n-Ã. Ah-km\w kXyw kXy-ambpw Ifhp If-hmbpw Xs¶ Ah-ti-jn-¡p-¶p. AXn-\m _p²n-am-·mÀ kXy`mj-Wt¯bpw kZm-Nm-ct¯bpw kzmb-¯-am-¡p-¶p. F´p-sIm- s­- ¶m t`mK- hmk-\-IÄ \jvS-s¸« alÀjn-K-W-§Ä IS-¶p-t]mb amÀ¤w FhnsS Ah-km-\n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶pthm AhnsS ]ca [ma-amb kw_Ôw þ B ]c- am- ßm- hnsâ {]m]vXn-¡pÅ km[-\-Isf ]c-am- ßmhv ØnXn-sN- ¿p-¶p. AXv ]ca tZh ]c- am-ßm- hns\ {]m]n-¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ km[-\m-cq-]hpw kXy-¯m ]cnhnh-cn-¡p¶p þ ]qÀ®-hp-amb tZh-bm-\-amÀ¤-am-Ip-¶p. AXn Ak-Xy-`m5. ktXy\ e`y-kvX-]km tlyj Bßm j-Whpw, Zw`pw Im]-Syhpw Bb Ak-Zm-NW-§Ä¡p kayKv Úmt\\ {_Ò-N-tcy-W-\nXyw Øm\-a n-Ã.

kÀÆ-hym-]n-bmb Cu ]c-ta-iz-c³Xs¶ AJn-e-¯ntâbpw {]mW-\m-Ip¶p; ico-c¯nsâ FÃm tNjvS-Ifpw {]mW³ aqew kw`-hn-¡p-¶-Xp-t]m-se-Xs¶ hniz-¯n FÃmw Cu ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ iàn-sIm­p kw`-hn-¨p-sIm­n-cn-¡p-¶p. FÃm Pohn-I-fnepw At±-l-¯nsâ {]Imiw D­v. At±-lhpw B Pohn-IfnÂIqSn {]Im-in-¨p-sIm-­ncn-¡p-¶p. Cu kwKXn {Kln-¨n«pÅ Úm\nIfmb `à·mÀ Hcn-¡epw Al- ¦m-c-t¯m-Sp-IqSn s]cp- am- dp-¶n-Ã. F´psIm-s­- ¶m Ahsâ DÅn kÀÆ-hym-]-I-\mb B ]cta-iz-csâ iàn ØnXn-sN-¿p¶p F¶-h-\-dn-bp-¶p. ]ns¶ Ah-s\-´n-\l-¦-cn-¡p¶p? Ah-\m-Is« temI-\-·-bv¡pth­n `K-h-Zm-Úm-\p-k-cWw Xsâ hÀ®m-{i-a-¯n-¶-\pIq-e-am-bn-«pÅ IÀ½-§sf A\p-jvTn-¨p-sIm­v FÃm-¯ntâbpw Bßm-hmb A´-cyman `K-hm-\n {IoUn-¡p-¶p. Ah³ kZm `K-hm-\p-ambn can-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. C§s\-bpÅ `K-h- Zv`-à³ {_Ò-Úm-\nIfn AXn-t{i-jvT\mIp-¶p. KoX-bnepw hmkp-tZ-h-cq-]s¯ ZÀin-¡p¶ Úm\nI-fmb `à-·msc alm-ßm-¡Ä F¶p ]d-b-s¸-Sp-¶p.

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A´x-i-cotc tPymXnÀ½tbm ln ipt{`m bw ]iy-´n-b-Xbx £oW-tZm-jmx.
AJn- e¯n-tâbpw ico-cm-´À`m-K-¯p, lrZ-b¯ nÂ, hncm-Pn-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p¶ ]c-a-hn-ip-²\pw {]Im-i-a mb Úm\-kz-cq-]- \p-amb ]c-{_Ò ]c-am-ßm-hns\ FÃm tZmj§-fnÂ\n¶pw cln-X-\mb {]b-Xv\-io-e-\mb km[-I\p am{Xta Adn-bp-hm³ km[n-¡q. kZm kXy-`m-jWw X]-Ýcy, kwb-aw, kzmÀ°-Xym-Kw, {_Ò-N-cy-]m-e\w Ch-bn \n¶p¸-¶- am-Ip¶ bYmÀ° Úm\w hgn- am-{Xta B ]cam- ßm-hns\ {]m]n-¡p- hm³ Ignbp-¶p-Åq. CXn- s\Ãmw hncp²-ambn bmsXm-cp-¯³ t`mK-§-fn Bk-à-\mbpw t`mK§-fpsS {]m]vXn-¡p-th­n \m\m-hn-[-¯n-epÅ anYym-`m-jW-§Ä \S-¯nbpw Bk-àn-h-im \nb-a-{]-Im-c-apÅ Xsâ hocys¯ c£n-¡p-hm³ Ign-hn-Ãm-sXbpw Ign-bp¶ kzmÀ°-]-cm-b-W-\mb Ahn-thIn a\p-jy³ B ]c-am-ßmhns\ A\p- `-hn-¡p-¶n- Ã. F´p-sIm- s­- ¶m Ah³ At±ls¯ Bin-¡p-¶-tX-bn-Ã. kw_-Ô w-þ -]q-av\-tÆm-à-§-fmb km[-\-I-fn kXy¯nsâ alna hnh-cn-¡p-¶p.

kw_-Ôw-þ- D-]-cyp-à-§-fmb km[-\Ifn¡qSn {]m]yam -Ip¶ ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ kzcq-]s¯ ho­pw hÀ®n-¡p¶p þ

7. _rl¨ XZv Znhy-a-Nn-´y-cq]w kq£vam¨ XÕq-£va-Xcw hn`mXn ZpcmXv kpZqtc XZn-lm-´ntI N ]iyÕzn sslh \nlnXw Kplm-bmw.
]c-{_-Ò-]-c-am-ß mhv FÃm-¯ n-t\¡mfpw alm\pw Znhy\pw Aeu-In-I\pw ANn´y kzcq-]\pw BIp¶p; AXm-bXv At±-l-¯nsâ kzcq]w a\-Êp-hgn Nn´n-¡-s¸Sp-hm³ Ign-bp-¶-X-Ã. AXn-\m ]c-am-ßm-hns\ {]m]n-¡p¶- Xn\v a\p-jyÀ {i²- tbmSpw `àn-tbm-Spw-IqSn ]qÀÆIYnXamb km[-\-I-fn hym]r-X- cm-bn-cn-¡-Ww. B ]c-am-ßmhv ANn-´y\pw AXp-t]mse kq£van-Xm-kq-£vahpw Bbn-cp¶n«pw km[-Isâ lrZ-b¯n Xsâ kzcq-]s¯ kzbw {]Im-in-¸n-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. ]c-am-ßmhv kÀÆ{X ]cn]qÀ®-\m- Ip-¶p. At±lw CÃm¯ Hcp-Øm-\hpw Hcn- S¯pw Ah-ti-jn-¡p-¶n-Ã. AXn- \m \mw Fhn-Sw-hsc Zqcs¯ Adn-bp-¶pthm At±lw AXn-\-¸p-dhpw \½psS Gähpw kao-]¯pw DÅn¯s¶bpw hncm-Pn-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. F´n-\-[n-Iw, ImWp-¶hcnseÃmw Xs¶ Ah-cpsS lrZ-bkz-cq-]-am-Ip¶ Kpl-Ifn At±lw Hfnªn-cn-¡p-¶p. AXp-sIm­v At±-ls¯ At\z- jn¨p asäm-cn-S¯p t]mtI ­ Bh-iy-an-Ã.

6. kXy-tah PbXn \m\rXw ktXy\ ]Ùm hnXtXm tZh-bm\x tb\m-{I-a-´ r-jtbm lym]vX-Imam b{X XXv kXyky ]caw \n[m-\w.

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hnip-²-amb A´x-I-c-W-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Snb a\p-jy³ t`mK§-fnÂ\n¶pw kÀÆYm hnc-à-\mbn \nÀ½-e-amb A´xI-c-W-t¯msS \nc-´-c-ambn ]c-{_Ò ]c-ta-iz-cs\ [ym\nB ]c-{_-Òs¯ a\pjyÀ¡v I®p-I-fm ZÀin-¡p¡p-¶p-s h-¦ n At¸mÄ At±-l s¯ {]m]n-¡ p-h m³ hm³ km[y-aÃ; am{X-a-Ã, hmWn apX-emb aän-{µn-b-§Ä Ah\p Ign-bp-¶p. F¶m Ah³ kÀÆYm \njv¡m-a-\maqehpw At±lw {Kln-¡-s¸-Sp-¶n-Ã. AXp-t]mse \m\m-hnbn-cn-¡p-¶n-sÃ-¦ n Fs´Ãmw temIm-`n-em-j-§-sf-¸än [-¯n- ep-apÅ X]-Ý-cy-Ifmtem IÀ½-§ -fmtem At±Nn´n- ¡p-¶pthm A{]-Imcw GsXÃmw t`mK-§sf CÑn-¡pls¯ {]m]n-¡p-hm³ km[n-¡p-¶-X-Ã. Ah-b-h-c-ln-X\pw ¶pthm AXm-Xn-tâ-Xmb temI-§sf Pbn-¨-S-¡p-¶p, B ]c-a-hn-ip-²-\p-amb B ]c-am-ßm-hn-s\-bm-Is« a\pjy³ temI-§-fn t]mhp- Ibpw Ahn-SpÅ t`mK- §sf {]m]n-¡pFÃm t`mK-kp-J-§-fnepw \n¶p apJw Xncn-¨,v B{K-l-c-lnIbpw sN¿p-¶p. AXn-\m sFiz-cys¯ A`n-e-jn-¡p¶ X-\mbn hnip-²-amb A´x-I-cWw hgn-bmbn \nc-´-c-apÅ a\p-jyÀ ico-c-¯nÂ\n¶pw `n¶-ambn Bßm-hns\ Adn[ym\w-sIm­v Úm\- ¯nsâ \nÀ½-e- X-bn IqSn ZÀin-¡pbp¶ A´x-I-c-W-bp-à-amb hnthI ]pcp-js\ tkhn-¡phm³ Ign-bp-¶p. AXn-\m B ]c-am-ßm-hns\ {]m]n-¡pIbpw kev¡-cn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿-s«. F´p-sIm-s­-¶m hm³ Bsc-¦nepw B{K-ln-¡p¶p F¦n Ah³ kwkmAh³ X\n- ¡p- th- ­nbpw aäp- Å- hÀ¡p- th- ­nbpw Fs´Ãmw c- t`m- K - § -f nÂ\n¶pw kÀÆYm hnc-à - \ m-b n, FÃm B{K-ln- ¡p-¶p- hthm AXv ]qÀ®-ambn `hn- ¡p-¶ p. A`nemj§fpw XyPn¨v GI-am-{X-\mb ]c-{_Ò ]c-am-ßmhn¯s¶ {]m]n-¡ p-¶ -X n\v At±-l -¯ nsâ Nn´ZznXo- b -J WvU w bn¯s¶ \na-á-cm-bn-cn-¡-Ww. kw_Ôw þ ]qÀÆ-{]-I-c-W-¯n hnip-²m-´x-I-cW-t¯mkw_Ôw þ C\n B ]cn-ip² ]c-am-ßmhv FÃm lrZ-bSp-Iq-Snb km[-Isâ Ign-hns\ hÀ®n-¡p-¶-Xn-\p-th­n §-fnepw hkn-¡p-¶p. F¶m FÃm Pohn-Ifnepw At±kwK-Xn-h-im A`n-em-j-]qÀ¯n-bpsS Imcyw ]d-tb-­ls¯ F´p-sIm- ­- dn- bp- ¶nÃ? ip²- amb A´x- I-c-W- t¯mXmbn h¶p. AXp-sIm­p \njv¡m- a-`m-hs¯ {]iw-kn¨pw Sp-Iq-Snb a\p-jy³ F´-dn-bp¶p? CtX-¸än hnh-cn-¡p-¶.p kIm-a-`m-hs¯ \nµn-¨pw-sIm­v ho­pw {]I-cWw Bcw`n-¡p-¶p. 9. GtjmWpcmßm tN-Xkm thZn-Xthym

8. \ N£p-jm-Kr-lytX \m]n hmNm \mss\yÀtZ sshkvX-]km IÀ½Wm hm Úm\-{]-k m-tZ\ hnip-²-k-Xzþ kvXXkvXp Xw ]iytX \njvIew [ymbam\x

Xw Xw temIw PbtX XmwÝ Imamw þ kvXkvam-Zm-ßÚ w lyÀ¨tbZv `qXn-Imax

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bkvan³ {]mWmx ]©[m kwhn-thi {]mssW-Ýn¯w kÀÆ-tamXw {]Pm\mw bkvan³ hnipt² hn`-h-tXyj Bßm.
bmsXmcp ico-c¯n {]mW³, A]m-\³, hym\³, kam-\³, DZm-\³ Cu A©p-co-Xn-I-fn-epÅ {]mW³ {]thin¨p {]hÀ¯n- ¨p-sIm- ­n- cn-¡p-¶pthm AtX ico- c-¯nsâ DÅn lrZ-b-¯nsâ a²y`mK-¯mbn ÚmXr-cq-]-¯n Adn-b- s¸-Sp¶ Cu kq£va-amb Pohm-ßmhpw hkn- ¡p-¶p. F¶m FÃm Pohn-I-fp-tSbpw FÃm A´x Ic-W-§fpw {]mW-t\m-Sp-IqSn tbmPn¨p hÀ¯n-¡p¶p; AXm-bXv Cu {]mW-t\bpw C{µn-b-§-tfbpw Xr]vXn-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶- Xn-\p-­mbn-«pÅ \m\m- {]- Im-c-¯n- epÅ t`mK- hm-k-\-I- fm aen- \hpw £p_v[-hp-am-bn-s¡m-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. C¡m-c-W-¯m FÃm a\p-jyÀ¡pw ]c-am-ßm-hns\ Adn-bp-hm³ km[n-¡p-¶n-Ã. A´x-IcWw hnip-²-am-bn-¡-gn-ªm Pohm-ßmhv FÃm {]Im-c-¯nepw kaÀ°-am-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. AXn-\m t`mK-§fnÂ\n¶pw hnc-à-\mbn ]c-amß Nn´-bn apgp-In-bn-cn¡p¶p F¦n At¸mÄ At±- ls¯ {]m]n-¡p-hm³ km[n¡p-¶p. adn¨v t`mKm-`n-emj§fn Bk-à-am-bn-cn-¡p¶p F¦n B{K-ln-¡p¶ t`mK-§sf {]m]n-¡p-¶p.

1. k sshssZ-XXv ]caw {_Ò-[m-aþ b{X hnizw \nlnXw `mXn ip{`w D]m-ktX ]pcpjw tb lyIm-aþ kvtX ip{I-taX ZXn-hÀ¯´n [ocmx
C§s\ bmsXm-cp-¯-\n Cu k¼qÀ®-amb PK¯v ØnXn-sN-¿p¶p F¶ {]Xo-Xn-bp-­m-Ip-¶pthm B ]c-ahn-ip-²\pw {]Im-k-a-b-[m-a-kz-cq-] -\p-amb ]c-{_-Ò-]-c -amßm-hns\ ka-kX-t`m-K-§-fn-ep-apÅ A`n-em-j-§sf shdpv ¯p-t]-£n¨v \nc-´cw At±-ls¯ [ym\n¨p Ign-bp¶ km[-I³ a\-Ên-em-¡p-¶p. bmsXm-cp-¯³ B ]c-am-ßmhns\ D]m- kn¨p Ign-bp-¶pthm G{I-am-{X\mb At±-l-s¯¯s¶ B{K-ln-¡p-¶pthm Ah³ ]qÀ®-\n-j¡m-a-\m-bnv ¡-gn-bp¶p F¶ Imcyw \nÝ-b-am-Ip-¶p. bmsXm-cp-hn-[-¯nep-apÅ A`n-emj§fnepw Ahsâ a\Êv Ipcp-§p-¶n-Ã. AXn-\m Ah³ Cu ctPm-abico-cs¯ XyPn¨p Ign-bp¶p. Ah\p ]p\ÀÖ·w D­m- Ip-¶n- Ã. AXn-\m Ahs\ _p²n-am-s\¶p ]d-bp-¶p. F´p-sIm-s­- ¶m bmsXm-cp¯³ kmc-h-kXp-hn-\p-th­n Akm-c-h-kvXp-¡sf XyPnv ¡p-¶pthm Ah³ _p²n-am-\m-Ip-¶p. kw_Ôw þ C\n kIma ]pcp-js\ \nµn-¨p-sIm­v apIfn ]d-ªn«pÅ kwKXn kv]jvS-am-¡p-¶p.

10. bw bw temIw a\km kwhn-`mXn hnip-²-k¯zx Ima-btX bmwÝ Imam³

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2. Imam³ bxIm-a-btX a\y-am\x k Ima-`nÀ PmbtX X{X X{X ]cym-]vXIm-aky IrXm-ß-\ -kvX znþ sslh kÀth {]hn-eo-b´n Imamx.
bmsXm- c p- ¯ ³ t`mK§sf BZ- c n- ¡ p- ¶ p-h thm bmsXmcp¯sâ ZrjvSn-bn Cu temI-¯n-tebpw ]c-temI-¯n-tebpw t`mK-§Ä kpJ-tl-X p-I-f-§-fm-b n-cn-¡ p¶pthm Ah³ t`mK-§sf A`nejn¡p-Ibpw \m\m-{]-Imc-¯nepÅ B{K-l-§ Ä Imc-W-am-bn-¯ s¶ Fhn-s SsbÃmw t`mK§Ä e`y-am-Ip-hm³ km[n-¡ptam Ahn-sSsbÃmw IÀ½m-\p-k-cWw P\n- ¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. F¶m bmsXm-cp-¯³ `K-hm-s\-¯s¶ B{K-ln-¡p-¶pthm Cu PK-¯nsâ kpJ-t`mK§sf shdp-t¸m-Sp-IqSn ho£n- ¨p-Ign-bp-¶pthm B hnip-²-amb A´x-Ic-W-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Snb `àsâ FÃm A`n-em-j-§fpw Cu ico- c-¯nÂXs¶ hneo\- am-bn- ¯o-cp-¶p. kz]v\-¯nÂt¸mepw Ahsâ ZrjvSn t`mK§-fpsS t\tc Db-cp-¶n- Ã. XÂ^-e-ambn Ah\p ac-Wm-\´cw \ho\ P·w kzoI-cn-t¡-­-Xmbn hcp-¶n-Ã. Ah³ `K-hms\ {]m]n¨p P\-\-a- cW _Ô-\-§-fn \n¶pw kZm apà-\m-bn-¯o-cp- ¶p. kw_Ôw þ Ignª c­p a{´§fn-embn `K-hmsâ ]c-a{]n-b-cmb bmsXmcp `à-·m-sc-¸än hÀ®n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶pthm AhÀ¡v ]c- am-ßm- hmb ]c-{_Ò ]pcptjm¯-a³ ZÀi\w \ÂIp¶ Imcyw C\n hnh-cn-¡p-¶p.

ad-h-en-¨p-amän Ahsâ ap¶n Xsâ kzcq]w {]Xy-£-s¸Sp-¯n-¡m-Wn-¡p-¶p.

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4. \mb-amßm _e-lo-t\\ et`y \ N {]am-Zm-¯-]tkm hm]y-en-MvKm-Xv. GssX-cp-]m-ssbÀb-XtX bkvXp hnZzmwþ kvXsskyj Bßm hnitX {_Ò-[m-a.
Cu {]I-c-W-¯n ]d-ªn-cn-¡p¶ AJn-e-¯n-tâbpw Bß-cq- ]- amb ]c-{_Ò ]c- ta-iz-cs\ D]m-k-\m- _- e- an-Ãm¯ a\p-jy\p {]m]n- ¡p-hm³ Ign- bp-¶n- Ã. kakvX t`mK-§-tfmSp-apÅ Bi-bp-t]-£n¨v GI-am-{X-\mb ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ D¡-Samb A`n-em-j-t¯m-Sp-IqSn \nc-´cw hnip-²-`m-ht¯m-Sp-IqSn Xsâ CjvS-tZ-hs\ Nn´n-¡p-¶Xv D]m-k-\m_-es¯ k©-bn-¡-em-Ip-¶p. C{]-Im-c-apÅ _e-¯m cln-X-\m-b- h\v At±- ls¯ e`n- ¡p-¶n-Ã. CXp-t]m-se- Xs¶ IÀ¯hy XymK-cq-]am-Ip¶ {]am-Zw-sIm­pw At±lw {]m]y- \-Ãm-Xm-bn- ¯o-cp-¶p. AXp-t]mse kmXzn- I-e- £- W- §fm cln-X- amb kwbacq-]-X-]-Êp-sIm­v Hcp km[-I\p {]m]n-¡ p- h m³ Ign-b p-¶ n-à . F¶m _p²n-a m- \ mb km[I³ ]qÀtÆm-à-§-fmb D]m-b-§-fnÂIqSn ]cn-{i-an¨v, AXm-bXv {]am-Z-c-ln-X-\mbn D¡- S-amb A`n- em-j-t¯mSp-I qSn \nc-´cw B ]c-ta-iz-cs\ D]m-k n-¡p-¶ pthm Ahsâ Bßmhv ]c-{_Ò-]-c-am-ßm-hn {]th-in-¡p-¶p. kw_Ôw þ ap³]-dª coXn-bn ]c-am-ßm-hns\ {]m]n¨n-«pÅ alm-]p-cp-j-·m-cpsS al-Xzs¯ hÀ®n-¡p-¶p.

3. \mb-amßm {]h-Nt\\ et`ym \ ta[bm \ _lp\m {iptX\ btasshj hrWptX tX\ e`yþ kvXsskyj Bßm hnhr-WptX X\pw kzmw.
bmsXm-cp-¯³ imkv{X-§se ]Tn-¨n«v Bth-i-]qÀ®amb {]`m-j-W- §-fn¡qSn ]c-am-ß- X- Xzs¯ \m\m-{]-Imc-¯n hÀ®n-¡p-¶pthm B XÀ¡-io-e-\mb _p²n-am\v At±-ls¯ e`n-¡p-¶n-Ã. bmsXm-cp-¯³ _p²n-am-\msW¶ Al- ¦m-c- ¯m {]a-¯-\mbn XÀ¡- §Ä hgn hnthN\w \S¯n At±-ls¯ a\-Ên-em-¡p-¶-Xn\p {ian-¡p¶pthm Ah\pw At±-ls¯ a\-Ên-em-¡p-hm³ Ign-bp-¶nÃ. AXp-t]mse Xs¶ ]c-am-ß- hn-j-b-¯n hf-sc-b-[nIw tIÄ¡p-Ibpw {i²n-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXn«pÅh\pw At±ls¯ {]m]n-¡ p-h m³ Ign-b p-¶ n-à . bmsXm-c p-¯s\ At±lw kzbw kzoI-cn-¡p-¶pthm Ah\v At±-ls¯ {]m]n-¡p-hm³ Ign-bp-¶p. bmsXm-cp-¯³ At±-ls¯ {]m]n-¡p-¶-Xn\v DXv¡- S-amb CÑ-tbm-Sp-Iq- Sn-bn-cn- ¡p-¶pthm bmsXm-cp-¯\v At±-l-s¯-Iq-SmsX Pohn-¡p-hm³ km[ya-Ãm-Xn-cn-¡p-¶pthm At±lw Ah-sc-¯s¶ kzoI-cn-¡p¶p. bmsXm-cp-¯³ Xsâ _p²n-tbbpw km[-\Itfbpw B{i-bn-¡msX At±-l-¯nsâ Ir]sb am{Xw {]Xo-£n¨p Ign- bp-¶pthm A§-s\-bpÅ Ir]m-\nÀ`-c-\mb km[-Isâ ta ]c-am-ßmhv Ir]-bp-Å-h-\mbn Xsâ tbmK-am-b-bpsS

5. kw{]m-ss]y-\-ar-jtbm Úm\-Xr]vXmx IrXm-ßmt\m hoX-cmKmx {]im´mx tX kÀÆKw kÀh-Xx {]m]y [ocm bpàm-ßm\x kÀÆ-ta-hm-hn-i-´n.
hnip-²-amb A´x-I-c-W-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-hcpw kÀÆYm Bk-àn-c-ln-X-cp-amb alÀjn-KWw ap³sNm¶ coXn-bn Cu ]c-{_Ò ]c-ta-iz-cs\ \¶mbn {]m]n-¨n«v Úm\¯m Xr]vX-cm-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. AhÀ¡p bmsXmcphn[-¯nep-apÅ A`m-h¯ntâbpw t_m[w D­m-Ip-¶n-Ã. ChÀ ]qÀ®-Im-a-·mcpw ]caim´- ·m-cp-ambn Pohn-¡p-¶p. AhÀ X¶- ¯ms\ ]c- am-ßm-hp- ambn _Ô- s¸«v At±-ls¯ FÃm `mK- ¯p- \n¶pw {]m]n¨p \nXy- {_- Ò- ¯n ]qÀ®-ambn {]hnjvS-am-Ip-¶p. kw_Ôw þ C{]-Imcw ]c-am-ßm-hns\ {]m]n¨ alm-]p-cpj-· m-c psS aln-asb hÀ®n-¨ -tijw {_Ò-t em-I-¯ntebv¡p t]mbn-«pÅ alm-]p- cp-j-·m-cpsS apànsb hÀ®n¡p-¶p.

6. thZm´ hnÚm\ kp\n-Ýn-XmÀ°mx k¶ym-k-tbm-KmZv bXbx ip²-k¯zmx tX {_Ò-tem-tIjp ]cm-´-Imte ]cm-arXmx ]cn-ap-Ny´n kÀth.

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bmsXm-cp-¯³ thZm´ imkv{Xs¯ kayIv Úm\Zzmcm AXnsâ AÀ°-k z-c q-] -a mb ]c-a m-ß m-h ns\ \¶mbpw ZrV- ambpw a\-Ên-em-¡p-¶pthm XYm IÀ½-^-e¯n- tâbpw IÀ½m-k-àn-bp-tSbpw XymK-cq-]-tbm-K-cq-]t¯m-Sp-IqSn bmsXm-cp-¯sâ A´x-IcWw XnI¨pw ip²am-bn-¯o-cp-¶pthm A§-s\-bpÅ {]b-X\-io-ecmb km[v IÀ ac-W-Im-e-¯n ico-cs¯ XyPn¨p ]c-{_Ò ]c-amßm-hnsâ Znhy-k-t¦- X-¯n {]th-in-¡p-Ibpw AhnsS ]cam-ar-X-kz-cq-]-\mbn kmwkm-c-_-Ô-\-¯n \n¶pw \nXyambn apàn {]m]n-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. kw_-Ô w- þ -bm-sXm-cp-¯sâ ]c-amß {]m]vXn CtX ico-c¯n¯s¶ D­m-Ip-¶p. A´y-Im-e¯v Ah-sâ ØnXn F§-s\-bp-Å-Xm-bn-cn¡pw? Cu B{K- l-¯n\p adp-]Sn ]dbp¶p þ

kÀÆYm AI¶p Pohn-¡p-¶p. FÃm ]m]-k-©-b-§fnÂ\n¶pw ]qÀ®-ambpw IS- ¶p- t]m- Ip- ¶p. lrZ-b- ¯n-epÅ FÃm kwib-§fpw Al-¦mc§fpw hnj-bm-k-àn-Ifpw thtcmsS \in-¸n¨v Aa-c-\m-bn-¯o-cp¶p; P\\ ac-W-c-lnX-\m- bn-¯o-cp- ¶p. kw_-Ô w-þ Cu {_Ò-hn-Zy-bpsS Ah-Im-insb hÀ®n¡p-¶p.

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XtZ-X-Zr-Nm-`yp-àwþ 10. {Inbm-h´x t{im{Xnbm {_Ò-\njvTmx kzbw PplzX GIÀjnw {i²-b´x tXjm tasshXmw {_Ò-hnZymw htZX intcm-{hXw hn[n-h-ssZykvXp NoÀ®w.
bmsXm-¶ns\ Cu D]-\n-j-¯n hÀ®n-¨n-cn-¡p- ¶pthm B {_Ò-hn-Zysb kw_-Ôn¨v Hcp Imcyw a{´- Zzmcm hyàam- ¡n-bn- cn-¡p- ¶p. bmsXm-cp- ¯³ Xsâ hÀ®-¯n\pw B{ia-¯n\pw ]cn-X-Øn-Xn¡pw A\p-k-c-Wambn \njvIm-a-`mh-t¯msS bYm-tbmKyw IÀ½- §Ä A\pjvTn¡p-¶pthm thZ-¯nse bYmÀ° cl-ky-§sf Adn- bp-Ibpw ]c- {_Ò ]c-am-ßm-hns\ D]m-kn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶pthm AXnsâ PnÚm-kp-hp-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm bmsXm-cp-¯ ³ kzbw ""GIÀjn'' F¶ \ma-¯m {]kn-²-amb t{]mÖz-en-Xm-ánbn imkv{X-hn-[n-b\p-k-cn¨v {i²-tbm-Sp-IqSn lh\w sN¿p-¶pthm bmsXm-cp-¯³ hn[n-{]-Imcw {_Ò-Ncyw ]men-¨n-cn-¡p-¶pthm Ah-\p-am{Xw Cu {_Ò-hnZy D]-tZin-¨p- sIm- Sp- ¡-Ww.

7. KXmx Ipemx ]©-Zi-{]-XnjvTm tZhmÝ kÀth {]Xn-tZ-h-Xmkp! IÀ½mWn hnÚm-\-abÝ Bßm ]tchytb kÀh GIo-`-h-´n.
B alm ]pcp-jsâ tZlm´y ka-b¯v ]Xn-\©p IeIfpw a\-tÊm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bpÅ FÃm tZh-X-Ifpw þ Ch-sbÃmw AXm-Xp-I-fpsS tI{µ-i-àn-I-fnÂt¸mbn ØnXn-sN-¿p-¶p. Athm- Sp-IqSn B Poh-·p-à\p bmsXmcp _Ô- §fpw Ahti-jn-¡p-¶n-Ã. A\-´cw Ahsâ kakvX IÀ½-§fpw hnÚm-\-a-b-amb Pohm-ßmhpw þ FÃmw ]ca Ahn-\m-inbmb ]c-{_-Ò-¯n eo\-am-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. kw_Ôw þ Pohm-ßmhp ]c- {_- Ò- ¯n F{]-Imcw eo\amIp¶p? C¡mcyw hnh-cn-¡p-¶p.

8. bYm \Zyx kyµ-am\mx kapt{Z kvXw KÑ´n \ma-cqt] hnlmb XYm hnZzm³ \ma-cq-]mZv hnapàx ]cm-Xv]cw ]pcp-j-ap-ss]Xn Znhyw.

11. XtZ-X Xv kXy-ar-j n-c -Mv Kn-c mxh ]ptcm-hmN ss\X-Z-NoÀ®-{htXm[otX. \ax ]c-a-Ejnt`ym \ax ]c-a-Ejn-`yx. -

{_Ò-hn-Zym-cq-]am-Ip¶ Cu kXys¯ BZyw AwKncÊp alÀjn apI-fn ]d-ªn-cn¡pw {]Imcw iu\-IalÀjn¡v D]-tZ-in-¨p-sIm-Sp-¯p. bmsXm-cp-¯³ hn[nHgp-In-s¡m-­n-cn-¡p¶ \Zn- IÄ Ah-bpsS \ma-cq-]- §Ä ]qÀÆw {_Ò-N-cys¯ ]men-¡p-¶n-Ãtbm Ah\v CXp ]TnFÃmw XyPn¨v F{]- Imcw kap-{Z- ¯n ebn-¨p-tN-cp-¶pthm ¡p-hm³ km[n-¡p-¶n-Ã. AXm-bXv CXnsâ KqVmÀ°w A§-s\- Xs¶ Úm\n- IÄ \ma- cq-]-c-ln- X-cmbn ]cm-]c Znhy {Kln-¡p-hm³ Ign-bp-¶n-Ã. alm-ap-\n-amÀ¡p \a-k¡mcw, v ]pcp-j- \mb ]c-{_Ò ]c-am-ßm-hn eo\-cm-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. alm-ap-\n-amÀ¡p \a-kv¡m-cw. C{]-Imcw c­-p{]m-hiyw 9. k tbm l ssh XXv]-caw {_Ò thZ {_ssÒ ap\n-amsc \a-k¡-cn-¨p-sIm­v {KÙ-¯nsâ A´ys¯ v h `hXn \mkym-{_-Ò-hn-XvIpte `h-Xn. XcXn kqNn-¸n-¡p-¶p.

timIw XcXn ]m]v a m\w Kplm- { K- Ù nt`ym hnaptàmartXm `h-Xn.
bmsXm-cp-¯³ B ]c-{_Ò ]c-am-ßm-hns\ Adn-bp¶pthm Ah³ {_Òw Xs¶ Bbn-¯o-cp-¶p. Ahsâ hwi- ¯nÂ, AXm-bXv Ahsâ k´m- \- §- fn Bcpw-Xs¶ {_Òs¯ Adn-bm-¯-h-cmbn ImWp-Ibn-Ã. Ah³ FÃm {]Im-c-¯n-ep-apÅ timI-§-fnÂ\n¶pw Nn´- I-fnÂ\n¶pw

im´n- ] mTw
Hmw `{Zw IÀt®`nx {iWp-bma tZhm `{Zw ]tiy am£m-` n-cy-P{Xmx Ønssc-c-MvssK-k vXp-j vSphmw kkvX-\q`nÀhytia tZh-lnXw bZmbpx

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kzkvXn \ Ct{µm hr²-{ihmx kzkvXn \x ]pjm hniz-thZmx kzkvXn \kvXmÀt£ym Acn-jvS-t\anx kzkvXn t\m _rl-kX]nÀZ-[m-Xp. v -

Hmw im´nx ! im´nx ! im´nx !!!

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CXnsâ AÀ°w Cu D]-\n-j-¯nsâ Bcw-`-¯n sImSp-¯n-«p-­v.

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amÞqtIym-]-\n-j¯v 3 1
im´n- ] mTw
Hmw `{Zw IÀt®`nx {iWp-bma tZhm `{Zw ]tiy am£m-` n-cy-P{Xmx Ønssc-c-MvssK-kvX p-j vS phmw kkvX\q-`nÀhytia tZh-lnXw bZmbpx kzkvXn \ Ct{µm hr²-{ihmx kzkvXn \x ]pjm hniz-thZmx kzkvXn \kvXmÀt£ym Acn-jvS-t\anx kzkvXn t\m _rl-kX]nÀZ-[m-Xp. v Hmw im´nx ! im´nx ! im´nx !!!
fn¡qSn Ncn-¡p- hm³ km[n- ¡p-¶p. AXn- \m Ah- tcmSpw {]mÀ°n-¡p-¶Xv DNn-X-am-bn- cn-¡pw). AJne temI-§-fnepw kpb-itÊm-Sp-Iq-Snb tZh-cm-P³ C{µ³, kÀÆ-Ú-\mb ]pjm, Acn-jS-\n-hm-c-I-\mb XmÀ£y³, (K-cp-U³) _p²nv cm-P-\mb _rl-k]Xn þ Cu FÃm tZh-X-Ifpw `K-hmsâ v Znhy-hn- `q-Xn-IÄ BIp- ¶p. ChÀ Ft¸mgpw \½psS sFizcy s¯ hÀ²n-¸n-¡-tW. Ch-cpsS Ir]- bm \ap¡v Ft¸mgpw awKfw D­m-bn-s¡m-­n-cn-¡-tW. B²ym-ßn-Ihpw B[nssZ- hn- Ihpw B[n`uXn- Ihpw BbpÅ FÃm Xm]-§Ä¡pw im´n D­m-I-tW.

Kpcp-Ip- e- ¯n hnZy A`y-kn-¡p¶ injy³ Xsâ Kpcp, kl-]m-Tn, am\-h-Ipew ChÀ¡p awK-f-ap-­m- Ip- ¶-Xn-\p tZhX-I-tfmSp {]mÀ°n-¡p-¶p. tl tZh-K-W-§tf! R§Ä Cu D]- \n- j-¯n ]c-{_Ò ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ ka{K cq]kz´w IÀ®-§ -f n¡qSn awK-f -I -c -a mb hN-\ -§ Ä X- Xzs¯ {Kln- ¸n- ¡p-¶- Xn\v At±-ls¯ \mep ]mZ-§- fmbn tIÄ¡- tW. \nµ, apJ- kXp-Xn, Ak`yw AXp- t]m-epÅ aäp k¦-ev]n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. \ma-¯n-tâbpw \man-bp-tSbpw GIv ]m]-I-c-§-fmb kwK-Xn-IÄ Ch R§-fpsS IÀ®-§-fn Xsb {]Xn-]m-Zn-¡p-¶-Xn\p {]W-h-¯nsâ A, D, av þ Cu ]Xn-¡m-Xn-cn-¡-tW. R§-fpsS kz´w PohnXw bmK-]-cm- aq¶p am{X-I-tfmSpw am{Xm- c-ln-X-amb At±-l- ¯nsâ Ahyb-Wambn `hn-¡-tW. R§Ä kZm `K-hZm-cm-[-\-I-fn à-cq-]-t¯mSpw IqSn ]c-{_Ò ]ctaizcsâ Hmtcm ]mZhym]r-X-cm-bn-cn-¡-tW. IÀ®-§ÄsIm­p {ihn-¡-am{Xw ¯n\p XpeyX ImWn-¡-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶p. C{]Imcw Cu a{´sN¿msX t\{X-§ÄsIm­pw kZm awK-f-IÀ½- §sf ¯n ]c-{_-Ò-]-c-am-ßm-hnsâ HmwIm-c-am-Ip¶ \mas¯ ZÀi\w sN¿-tW. GsX-¦nepw Aaw-K-f-Im-cn-tbm \mi-¯n- ka-{K-]p-cp-tjm-¯-a-\n \n¶pw A`n-¶-am-bn-¡-cpXn "Hmw' te¡p ]Xn-¨p-sIm-­n-cn- ¡p- ¶tXm Bb ImgvN-IÄ R§Ä F¶ Cu A£cw Xs¶ ]qÀ®-{_-Òhpw Ahn-\m- in-bmb ZÀin-¡m-Xn-cn-¡- tW. R§- fpsS FÃm Ah-b-h-§fpw kpZr- ]c- am-ßmhpw F¶p ]d- b- s¸-«n-cn- ¡p-¶p. {]Xy-£- ambn ImWVhpw AXy-[nIw ]pjvS-hp-am-bn-¯o-c-tW. R§-fpsS s¸-S p¶ Cu PU-tN-X -\ -I-fpsS kap-Zm-b -cq-]-am-Ip¶ PohnXw t`mK-hn-em-k-§-fnepw {]am-Z-§-fnepw IqSn IS-¶p- k¼qÀ®-P-K¯v At±-l-¯nsâ \nI-S-X- a-amb aln-a-bpsS t]m-Im- Xn-cn- ¡- tW. `K- hm\p {]tbm-P-\-I-c- am-I-¯-¡-hn- [- ¯n- \nZÀi-\-am-Ip-¶p. bmsXmcp Øqehpw kq£va-hp-amb epÅ BbpÊp R§Ä¡p e`n-¡-tW. (tZ-h-IÄ \½psS PK¯v DÛ-hn-¨n«v At±-l-¯n¯s¶ hneo-\-am-bn-¡-gnFÃm C{µn-b§-fnepw hym]n¨v AXnsâ kwc-£-Whpw ªp-thm-bm-sXm¶v Cu kabw hÀ¯-am-\-am-bn-c n-¡pkwNm-e-\hpw \S-¯p-¶p. AhÀ¡-\p-Iq-e-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶-Xp- ¶pthm bmsXm¶v At±- l-¯nÂ\n¶pw D­m- Ip-hm-\n-cn-¡psIm­v \½psS C{µn-b§Ä¡v kpK-a-ambn k·mÀ¤-§- ¶pthm Ah-sbÃmw HmwIm-cw Xs¶-bm-Ip-¶p. AXm-bXv -

1. Hman-tXy-Z£-c-anZw kÀÆw Xtkym-]hym-Jym\w `qXw `h-Zv`hn-jy-ZnXn kÀÆ-tam-¦mc Gh. b¨m\yXv {XnIm-em-XoXw XZ-t]ym-¦mc Gh.

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I ]c-{_-Ò-]-c-am-ß mhp Xs¶-bm-Ip-¶ p. AXp-t]mse
bmsXm¶v {XnIm-e-§Ä¡pw AXo-X-ambn CXnÂ\n¶pw `n¶-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm AXpw HmwImcw Xs¶-bm-Ip-¶p. AXm-bXv Imc-Ww, kq£vaw, Øqew þ Cu aq¶p t`Z-§tfmSpw IqSnb PK¯pw CXns\ hln-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. ]c-{_-Ò¯nsâ bmsXm-cwiw CXnsâ Bß-cq-]-¯nepw B[m-c-cq-]-¯nepw {]Im-in-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶pthm ]c-amßm-hnsâ B kzcq]w A{X Xs¶-bÃ; At±lw AXnt\¡mÄ thdn-«n-cn-¡p-¶p. AXp-sIm­v At±-l-¯nsâ k]vj-S-am-bn-cn-¡p¶ Awihpw AXn-¶-Xo-X- ambn asä-s´Ãm-apt­m AsXÃmw IqSn-bm am{Xta ]c-{_-Ò-]-c-am-ßmhnsâ ka-{K-amb cq]-am-Ip-¶p-Åq. bmsXm-cp-¯³ ]c-{_-Òs¯ kmIm-c-amtbm \ncm-Im-catbm AYhm kÀÆYm \nÀhn-ti-j-amtbm am{Xw Icp-Xp¶pthm At±-ls¯ kÀÆ-Ú-X, kÀÆm-[m-c-X, kÀÆ-Imc-W-X, B\-µw, hnÚm\w apX-emb kÂKp-W-§-fm k¼¶s\¶p {Kln- ¡m-Xn-cn-¡p-¶pthm AhscÃmw B ]c{_-Ò¯nsâ Hmtcmtcm Awi-s¯-am{Xw ]c-am-ßm-hmbn {Kln-¡p-¶p. ]qÀ®-{_Ò ]c-am-ßmhp kmIm-c\pw \ncmIm- c\pw BIp-¶p. AXp-t]m- se-Xs¶ kmImc \cm-Imc cq]§Ä c­nÂ\n¶pw cln-X\pw BIp-¶p. ]qÀ®-cq-]-t¯mSp-Iq-Snb Cu PK¯v At±-l-¯nsâ Xs¶ kzcq-]-am-Ip¶p. F¶m At±lw CXnÂ\n¶pw kÀÆYm `n¶\pw BIp-¶p. At±lw kÀÆ-Kp-W-cln-X\pw \nÀhn-ti-j\pw kÀÆ-Kp-W-k-¼-¶\pw þ Bbn-cp-¶n-«p-IqSn At±-ls¯ kÀÆmw-K-]qÀ®-s\¶p KWn-¡p-¶p. kw_Ôw þ FÃmw HmwIm-c-am-Ip-¶-sX- §s\? AtX-¸än ]d-bp-¶p.

3. PmK-cn-XØmt\m _ln-jv{]Úx k]vXmMvK GtIm-\ - h nw-i -X n-apJx Øqe-` p-Kvs sh- i zm-\ cx {]Yax ]mZx

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]c-{_Ò ]c-am-ßm-hn\v B \mep ]mZ-§Ä F§s\ F{]-Imcw D­mbn? Cu Imcyw {Kln-¸n-¡p-¶-Xn\p Pohmßm-hn-sâbpw AXnsâ Øqe-kq-£va-Im-cW ico-c-§-fptSbpw DZm-l-cWw hgn B ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ ]mZ-§-fpsS hÀ®\ {Ia-ambn sN¿p-¶p. Ah-bn BZy-]m-Zs¯ Cu a{´- ¯n hÀ®n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. F{]-Imcw Pm{K-Z-h-Ø -bn Cu Øqeicoc-¯nsâ Alw-Im-cn-bmb Pohm-ßmhv incÊp-ap-X ]mZw hsc Ggv AwK-§-fm bpà-ambn Øqehn- j-b-§sf D]-t`m-Kn-¡p- ¶-Xn- \pÅ Zzmc-cq-]-§- fmb ]¯n{µn- b- §fpw A©p-{]m-W\pw \mev A´xIcW-§fpw þ C{]Imcw B ]s¯m³]Xp apJ§fn¡qSn hnjb§sf A\p-`-hn-¡ p-I bpw AXnsâ Adnhp _mly-P-K-¯ n hym]n-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶pthm AtX-{]-Imcw Xs¶ k]vX- temI cq]§fm-Ip¶ k]vXmwK§fpw C{µnb kaq- l hpw {]mW\pw A ´x- I - c - W hpw þ C§s\ ]s¯m³]Xp apJ-§-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb Cu Øqe-P-K-{Zp-]-amIp¶ ico-c- ¯nsâ Bßmhv þ bmsXm-cp- ¯³ FÃm tZh- XIfpw ]nXr¡fpw a\p-jycpw Bb kakvX Pohn-I-fp-tSbpw t{]c-I\pw kzman-bp-am-b-Xp-Im-cWw Cu Øqe PK-¯nsâ ÚmXmhpw t`màm-hp-am-bn-cn- ¡p-¶pthm bmsXm-cp- ¯sâ {]Im-i\w Cu {_Òm-WU-¯n kw`-hn-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡pv ¶pthm AXv kÀÆ-cq] sshizm-\-c-\mb B ]c-{_Ò ]cta-iz-csâ H¶m-as¯ ]mZ-am-Ip-¶p. Cu hniz-t¯bpw AXnse a\p-jy-tcbpw Iq«n sshizm\-cy³ F¶p ]d-bp-¶p. Cu hypev]¯n A\p-k- cn¨v ØqeP-{Zp] ico-ct¯m-Sp-Iq-Snb kÀÆ-cq-]\mb PK-Zo-iz-cs\ ChnsS sshizm-\-c³ F¶p hnfn-¡p-¶p.

2. kÀÆw tlyXZv {_Òm-b-amßm {_Òtkm bamßm NXp-jv]m-Xv.
Cu k¼qÀ®-amb PK¯v {_Ò-¯nÂ\n¶pw H«pwXs¶ `n¶-amb H¶- Ã. FÃmw {_Òhpw HmwImcw AXnsâ \mahpw Bb-Xp-Im-cWw \man-b nÂ\n¶pw A`n-¶hpw BIp-¶p. C¡mcyw BZy- a-{´- ¯nÂXs¶ ]d-ªp-I- gn-ªncn-¡p¶p; F´p-sIm-s­- ¶m Cu ]qÀ®-{]-]©w B ]c{_Ò ]c-ta-iz-csâ ico-chpw At±lw CXnsâ A´-cyman-bmb Bßmhpw BIp-¶p. AXn-\m B kÀÆm-ßm-hpXs¶ {_Ò-am-Ip-¶p. B ]c-am-ßmhp apt¼ ]d-ª- t]mse \mep ]mZ-§-tfm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-h-\m-Ip-¶p. hmkvX-h-¯n AJWvU\pw \nc- h-b-h- \p- amb B ]c-{_-Ò-]- c- am- ßm- hns\ \mep ]mZ-§-tfm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bh³ F¶p ]d-bp¶Xp icn-bÃ. F¶ncp-¶mepw At±-ls¯ ka-{K-cq-]-¯n hymJym-\n-¡p-¶Xv At±-l-¯nsâ kv]jvS-X-bpsS {]Im-c-t`-Z-§sf {ipXnI fn ]e Øm\¯pw \mep ]mZ-§-tfm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-h³ F¶p hn`m-h\w sNbvXn-«p-­v. AtX ho£-W-¯n¯s¶ ChnsSbpw {ipXn ]dbp-¶p.

4. kz]v\-Ømt\m´x {]Úx k]vXmwK GtIm\- h nw- i - X n- a pJx {]hn- h n- à - ` pIv ssXPtkm ZznXobx ]mZx
Cu a{´-¯n ]qÀ®-{_Ò ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ c­mas¯ ]mZs¯ hÀ®n-¡p-¶p. F{]-Imcw kz]v\m-h-Øbn kq£v a-i-co-c-¯nsâ A`n-am-\n-bmb Pohm-ßmhv t\ct¯ ]d-ª-Xp-t]mse kq£va-§-fmb Ggw-K-§-tfmSv ]s¯m³]Xp apJ-§-tfm-Spw-IqSn kq£va hnj-b§sf D]t`mKw sN¿p-Ibpw AXn¯s¶ AXnsâ Úm\w hym]n-¸n-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶pthm AtX {]Imcw Xs¶ bmsXm¶v Øqem-h-Ø -bn \n¶p `n¶-ambn kq£va-cq-]¯n ]cn-W-an¨p k]vX-tem-I-cq-]ab k]vXmw-K-§fpw XYm C{µn- b w, {]mW³ , A ´ - I x- I - c - W - c q- ] - a mb ]s¯m³]Xp apJ-§-fm bpà-amb kq£va PK-{Zp-]-amIp¶ ico-c-¯n ØnXn-sN-¿p¶ AXnsâ Bßmhv lncWy-KÀ`-am-Ip-¶p. AXv kakvX PU-tN-X-\m-ß-I§-fmb kq£va-P-K-¯nsâ ka-kvX-X-Xz-§-fp-tSbpw \nb-´mhpw ÚmXmhpw AJn-e-t¯bpw X¶n-tebv¡v {]thin¸n-¨p-

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I sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶-h-\p-am-Ip-¶p. AXn-\m AXnsâ t`màm
hpw ]cn-N-b¡m-c\pw F¶p ]d-bs¸-Sp-¶p. Cu tXPÊv AXm-b-Xv kq£va-{]-Im-i-amb lncWy KÀ`w B ]qÀ® {_Ò ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ c­m-as¯ ]mZ-am-Ip-¶p.

sbÃmw ]c-ta-iz-csâ \ma-§Ä Xs¶-bm-Ip-¶p. {]tXyIw {]tXyIw ØnXn- I-fn At±-l-¯nsâ hÀ®\w `n¶ `n¶ \ma-§-fm sN¿-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶p.

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5. b{X-kp]vtXm \ I©\ Imaw Ima-btX \ I©\ kz]v\w ]iyXn XÕpjp]vXw. kpjp-] vX -Ø m\ GIo `qXx {]Úm-\-L\ Ghm-\-µ-atbm lym\µ `pIv tNtXm-apJx {]mÚ-kvXr-Xobx ]mZx.
Cu a{´- ¯n Pm{K-Z-h-Ø-bpsS Imc-Ww, ebm-hØ cq]-amb kpjp]vXn Ch-tbm-Sp-IqSn {]f-b-Im-e-¯n ØnXamb PK- ¯nsâ kam-\-Xsb ImWn- ¡p-¶-Xn\p th­n BZyambn kp{]-kn-²-amb kpjp-]Xy-h-Ø -bpsS e£Ww ]dv ªn«p ]n¶oSp ]qÀ®-{_Ò ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ aq¶m-as¯ ]mZw hÀ®n-¡-s¸-Sp-¶p. bmsXm-c-h-Ø-bn Dd-§n-s¡m­n-cn-¡p¶ a\p-jy³ bmsXm-cp-hn[ t`mK-§tfm B{K-l§tfm A\p- `- h- §tfm {]m]n-¡m-cn- Xn-cn- ¡p-¶pthm AXp-t]mse-Xs¶ bmsXm-cp-X-c-¯n-epapÅ kz]v\-§fpw ImWm-Xncn-¡p-¶pthm A§-s\-bpÅ B Ah-Øsb kpjp-]vXnsb¶p ]d-bp-¶p. Cu kpjp-]Xn¡p kZr-i-ambn bmsXm v ¶pw {]f-b-Im-e¯n PK-¯nsâ Imc-Wm-h-Ø-bm-bn-cp¶pthm bmsXm- ¶n \m\m "cq]' §fpsS {]kv]-jvSX CÃmXn-cn-¡p-¶pthm A§-s\-bpÅ Ahyà {]Ir-Xn-Xs¶ bmsXm-¶nsâ ico-c-am- bn-cp-¶pthm AXp-t]mse bmsXm¶v AZzn-Xob cq]-¯n ØnX-am-bn-cp-¶pthm D]-\n-j-¯p-Ifn bmsXm-¶nsâ hÀ®\w Nne-bn-S¯v "kXv' F¶ t]cnepw aäp-Nn-ebn-S¯v Bßm-sh¶ t]cnepw {]I-S-am-Ip¶pthm bmsXm-¶nsâ GI-am-{X-tN-X\ ({]-Im-iw) Xs¶ apJ-am-bn-cn-¡p-Ibpw B\µw Xs¶ t`mP- \-am-bn-cn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶pthm B hnÚm-\m-µamb {]mÚ Xs¶ B ]qÀ® {_Ò-¯nsâ aq¶m-as¯ ]mZ-am-Ip-¶-X.v kw_Ôw þ apIfn ]d-ªn-cn-¡p¶ {_Ò-¯nsâ ]mZ§-fmb sshizm-\-cw, ssXP-kw, {]mÚw Ch BcpsS t]cm-Ip-¶p. CXns\ hnh-cn- ¡p-¶p.

kw_Ôw þ C\n ]qÀ®-{_Ò ]c- am-ßm-hnsâ \mem-as¯ ]mZs¯ hÀ®n-¡p-¶p.

7. \m´x-{]Úw \ _ln-j v {]Úw t\m`-b Xx {]Úw \ {]Úm-\-L \w \ {]Úw \m{]Úw. AZr-jvS-a-hy-h-lm-cy-a-{Km-lya e£-WaNn-´ y-a-hy-] -tZ-i yta Imß-{]-X y-bkmcw {]]t©m- ] - i aw im´w inh- a- s sZzXw NXpÀYw a\yt´ k Bßm k hntÚ-b:
Cu a{´-¯n \nÀKpW \ncm-Im-c-\nÀhn-tij kzcq]s¯ ]qÀ®- {_- Ò- ]- c- am- ßm-hnsâ \mem- as¯ ]mZw F¶p ]d- ªn-cn-¡p-¶p. bmsXm- ¶nsâ Úm\w shfn- bnÂ\n¶pw AI-¯p-\n¶pw c­p-h-i-§-fn \n¶pw e`y-a-Ãm-Xn-cn-¡p¶pthm bmsXm¶v Úm\-kz-cq-]-ambncn¡p-¶n-Ãtbm Adnb-s¸-Sm-Xn-cn-¡p-¶pthm bmsXm¶v ZrjvSn-tKm-N-c-am-bn-cn-¡p¶n-Ãtbm bmsXm-¶n-s\-¸än Nn´n-¡p-¶-Xn\pw ]d-bp-¶Xn\pw km[y-a-Ãm-Xn-cn-¡p-¶pthm bmsXm-¶n\v bmsXmcp e£-W-hp-an-Ãm-Xn-cn-¡p-¶pthm bmsXm-¶n FÃm {]]-©¯n-sâbpw A`mhw D­m-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm bmsXm-¶n GI-am{X ]c-{_Ò k¯-bpsS {]XoXn {]am-W-am-bn-cn-¡p¶p-thm-þ-C-§s\ kÀÆYm im´hpw Ieym-W-a-b-hp-amb AZzn-Xo-b-XXzw ]qÀ®- {_- Ò-¯nsâ \mem- as¯ ]mZw F¶p Icp-Xp-¶p. C{]- Imcw bmsXm-¶ns\ \mep ]mZ-§-fmbn hn`Pn¨v hÀ®n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶pthm At±lw ]qÀ®-]-c-{_-Ò-am-Ip¶p. At±-l-s¯- ¯s¶ Adn-b-Ww. hmkvX-h-¯n Ah-b -h-c-l n-X-\mb ]c-am-ßm-h n\v bmsXmcp `mK-hp-an-söp kv]jvS-am-Ip-¶p. bmsXmcp ]qÀ®-{_-Ò]-c-am-ßmhv Øqe-P-K-¯n ]cn-]qÀ®-\m-bncn-¡p-¶pthm At±lw Xs¶ kq£vahpw Imc-W-P-K¯nsâ A´-cym-anbpw A[n-jvTm-Xmhpw BIp-¶p. AXpt]mse At±lw Xs¶ Ch-sb-Ãm-¯nÂ\n¶pw thdn«v \nÀhn-tij ]c-am-ßm-hmbpw Ccn-¡p-¶p. At±lw kÀÆi-àn-am\pw FÃm iàn-I-fnÂ\n¶pw cln-X\pw BIp-¶p. At±lw kKp-W\pw \nÀKp-W-\p-amWv; kmIm-c\pw \ncmIm-c-\p-am-Wv. hmkvX-h¯n At±lw \½psS _p²n¡pw Nn´bv¡pw kÀÆYm AXo-X-\m-Ip-¶p. kw_Ôw þ ap³]-dª ]c-{_Ò ]c-am-ßm-hns\ hmN-Iamb {]W-h-t¯m-Sp-IqSn GIo-I-cn-¨p-sIm­p ]d-bp¶p þ

6. Gj kÀth-izc Gj kÀÆÚ Gtjm´cymtayj tbm\nx kÀÆky {]`m- h m-] ybu ln `qXm-\mw.
bmsXmcp ]c-ta-iz-c³ aq¶p ]mZ-§-fpsS cq]-¯n hÀ®n-¡-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶pthm At±lw k¼qÀ® Cuiz-ctâbpw Cuiz-c³ BIp-¶p. At±lw Xs¶ kÀÆ-Ú\pw FÃm-än-tâbpw A´-cym-an-bp-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. At±lw Xs¶ AJne PK-¯n-tâbpw Imc-W-\m-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. F´p-sIms­- ¶m FÃm Pohn-I-fp-tSbpw D¸-¯nbpw ØnXnbpw ebhpw Bb Øm\w At±lw Xs¶-bm-Ip-¶p. A]qÀÆhÀ®n-X-§-fmb sshizm-\-cw, ssXP-kw, {]mÚw Ch-

8. tkmbam-ßm-²y-£-c-tamw-Imtcm[nam{Xw ]mZmam{Xm am{XmÝ ]mZm AImc DImtcm aImc CXn.
\mep ]mZ-§-tfm-Sp-IqSn hÀ®n-¡-s¸-«n-cn-¡p¶ B ]c{_Ò ]c-am-ßm-hv, ChnsS A£-c-¯nsâ {]I-c-W-¯n Xsâ \ma-¯nÂ\n¶pw A`n-¶-am-b-Xp-Im-cWw aq¶p-am-{XI-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb HmwIm-c-am-Ip-¶p. A, D, av þ Cu aq¶p-am-{X-

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I IÄ Xs¶ At±-l-¯nsâ D]-cyp-à-amb aq¶p-]m-Z-§fpw
At±-l-¯nsâ aq¶p ]mZ-§Ä Xs¶ HmwIm- c- ¯nsâ aq¶pam-{X-Ifpw BIp- ¶p. F{]-Imcw HmwIm-c-¯n\p kz´w am{XI-fnÂ\n¶p thdn-«n-cn-¡p-hm³ km[n-¡p-¶n-Ãtbm AtX- {]Imcw Xs¶ Xsâ ]mZ-§-fnÂ\n¶pw ]c-am-ßmhv thdn«p \n¡p-¶n-Ã. ChnsS ]mZ-¯n-tâbpw am{X-bp-tSbpw GIX Hm¦mcw hgn-bmbn ]c-{_Ò ]c-am-ßm-hns\ D]m-kn-¡p-¶Xn-\p-th­n sN¿-s¸-«n-cn-¡p¶p þ C§s\ tXm¶p-¶p. kw_Ôw þ HmwIm-c-¯nsâ GXp-am-{Xbpw {_Ò-¯nsâ GXp-]m-Zhpw GI-cq-]-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶Xv F´p-sIm­v? CXn\p-ta aq¶p- am-{X-I-fpsS clkyw a\-Ên-em-¡p-¶-Xn\v {]Ya-ambn BZy-]m-Z- ¯n- tâbpw BZy-am-{X-bp-tSbpw GI-Xsb {]Xn-]m-Zn-¡p-¶p.

9. PmK-cn-XØmt\m sshizm-\tcmImcx {]Yam am {Xm]v t Xcm- Z n- a - ¯ zmZzm]v t \mXn l ssh kÀhm³ Imam\m ZnÝ-`-hXn b Ghw thZ.
]c- {_Ò ]c-am- ßm-hnsâ \mam- ß- I- amb HmwImc-¯nsâ BZy- am-{X-bmb "A' CXv temI-¯nepÅ FÃm t]cp- I-fnepw AXm-bXv GsX-¦nepw AÀ°s¯ [z\n-¸n-¡p¶ FÃm hm¡p-I-fnepw hym]n-¨p-In-S-¡p-¶p. kzcw AYhm hy Ú\w þ bmsXmcp hÀ®hpw AIm-c-c-ln-X-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶nÃ. FÃm hÀ®-§-fnepw "A' Xs¶ BZy-hÀ®-am-Ip-¶p. CXp-t]m-se-Xs¶ Cu Øqe PK-Zvcq-]-hn-cmSv ico-c-¯n B sshizm- \-c-cq-]m-´-cyman ]c-ta-iz-c³ hym]vX-am- bn-cn- ¡pIbpw hncmSv cq]-t¯m-Sp-IqSn BZyw kzbw {]I-S-am-IpIbpw sNbvX- Xp- Im- cWw Cu PK- ¯nsâ BZnbpw At±lw Xs¶- bm- Ip¶p. C{]-Imcw "A' bpw "PK¯pw' t]mse {]Xy£-ambn ImW-s¸-Sp¶ Cu Øqe PK-{Zp-]i-co-c-¯n hym]n-¨n-cn-¡p¶ sshizm-\-c³ F¶p-t]-cpÅ {]Ya ]mZ¯nsâ GIX D­m-b-Xp-Im-cWw "A' Xs¶ ]qÀ®-{_-Ò]-c-ta-iz-csâ BZy-]m-Z-am-Ip-¶p. bmsXmcp a\pjy³ C{]Imcw AIm-c-t¯bpw hncmSv ico-c-¯nsâ Bßm-hmb ]cta-iz-c sâ GI-X- tbbpw {Kln-¡ p-¶pthm D]m-kn-¡ p¶pthm Ah³ FÃm A`n-em-j-§-tfbpw AXm-bXv CÑn-Xh-kvXp-¡-tfbpw {]m]n-¡p-Ibpw temI-¯n kÀÆ-am-\y\m-bn-¯o-cp-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p.

CXpt]mse Xs¶ sshizm- \- c-t\- ¡mÄ ssXPkw (ln-c-WyKÀ`w) DXvIr-jShpw XYm sshiz-t\-c-tâbpw {]mÚ-bpv tSbpw a[y-K- X- am- b- Xn- \m AXv D`b kw_-Ô- Cbpw BIp¶p. Cu kam-\X ImcWw Xs¶ "D' "ssXPkw' F¶ t]cn ZzXob ]mZ-ambn ]d-bs¸-Sp-¶p. Cu Øqe-P-K¯nsâ {]Xy-£-Xbv¡p ap³]p ]ctaizcsâ BZn- k-¦-ev]Zzmcm bmsXmcp kq£v akrjvSn D¸-¶-am-bn-cp-¶pthm bmsXm-¶nsâ hÀ®\w am\-k-krjvSn F¶ t]cn hcp¶pthm bmsXm-¶n kakvX XXz-§fpw X·m-{X-IfpsS cq]-¯n hkn-¡p-¶pthm Øqe-cq-]-¯Â ]cn-W-an-¡mXn-cn-¡p-¶p-thm, B kq£va PK-{Zq-]-i-co-c-¯n tNX-\m{]-Im-i-kz-cq-]-ln-c-Wy-KÀ` ]c-ta-iz-c³ CXnsâ A[n-jTmv Xm-hmbn hkn-¡p-Ibpw Imc-W-P-K¯pw Øqe-P-K¯pw þ Ch-c-­nepw \n¶p-Xs¶ kq£va PK-¯p-ambn L\n-jvSkw-_ Ôw D­m-I p-¶ p. AXn-\m Ah Imc-W hpw kvYqehpw þ c­p-cq]§tfmSpw IqSn-b-h-bm-Ip-¶p. CXpt]mse "D' hntâbpw am\-kn-I-kr-jSn-bpsS A[n-jvTm-Xmv hmb ssXP- k-cq]w c­m-as¯ ]mZ-¯nsâ kam-\X hln¡p-¶Xp ImcWw "D' Xs¶ ]qÀ®-{_Ò ]c-ta-iz-csâ c­m-as¯ ]mZw BIp¶p. bmsXm-cp-¯³ C{]-Imcw "D' hnsâbpw tXtPm-a- b-amb lnc-Wy-KÀ`-cq-]-¯n-tâbpw kam\-X- bpsS cl-kys¯ a\-Ên-em-¡p-¶pthm Ah³ kzbw Cu PK-¯nsâ kq£va-X- Xz-§sf \Ã-Xp-t]mse {]Xy-£s¸-Sp-¯p-¶p. CXp-Im-cWw Cu Úm\-¯nsâ ]c-¼-csb D¶-X-am¡n AXns\ hfÀ¯n kÀÆ{X ka-`m-h-t¯m-Sp-IqSn- b-h-\m-bn-¯o-cp¶p; F´p-sIm-s­-¶m PK-¯nsâ kq£va -X -X z-§sf a\-Ê n-em-¡ n-b-Xp-I m-cWw AXnsâ bYmÀ°-c-lkyw _p²n-bn hcp-¶-Xn-\m AXnsâ sshj-ay-§Ä \in- ¨p- t]m-Ip-¶p. CXn-\m Ah- \n \n¶pw P\n¨ k´m-\-§-fn lnc-Wy-KÀ`-cq-]-\mb ]a-tc-iz-csâ D]-cyp-à-amb cl-ky-§-f psS Úm\w CÃm-¯-h-cmbn Bcpw D­m-bn-cn-¡p-I-bn-Ã.

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11. kpjp-]vX-Øm\x {]mtÚm aIm-c-kvXr-Xobm am{Xm antX-c -]o-tXÀhm ant\mXn l hm CZw kÀÆ-a-]o-XnÝ `hXn b Ghw thZ.

]c-am-ßm-hnsâ \ma-ß-Iamb HmwIm-c-¯nsâ aq¶mas¯ am{X-bmb "a' F¶Xv "am' [mXp-hnÂ\n-¶p-Û-hn-¨kw_Ôw þ C\n c­m-as¯ ]mZ-t¯bpw c­mw-am-{X- Xm-W.v "am' F¶ [mXp-hnsâ AÀ°w Af-¡pI AXm-bXv tbbpw Ah-bpsS GIo-I-c-W-t¯bpw {]Xn-]m-Zn-¡p-¶p. C¶ hkvXp C{X-bp­v F¶p a\-Ên-em-¡p-Ibm-Wv. Cu 10. kz]v\ -Ø m-\ -k v s sX- P k DImtcm ZznXobm "a' HmwIm-c-¯nsâ A´n-a-am-{X-bmWv; "A' "D' Ch-bpsS amt{Xm-XvIÀjm-Zp-`b-Xzm-tZzm-XvIÀjXn l ssh ]n¶mse D¨-cn-¡-s¸-Sp-¶p. C¡m-c-W-¯m c­n-sâbpw Úm\ k´Xnw kam-\Ý `hXn \mkym-{_- Afhv CXn hcp-¶p. AXn-\m CXv Ahsb \Ã-Xpt]mse Adn-bp- ¶p. AXp- t]mse "a' bpsS D¨m- cWw sIm­v Ò-hn-XvIpte `hXn b Ghw thZ. apJw AS-bp-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. "A' bpw "D' hpw þ c­pw ]c-{_Ò ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ \mam-ß-I-amb Hmw Imc- AXn hneo-\-ambpw Xocp¶p; AXn-\m CXv B c­p-am¯nsâ c­m-as¯ am{X-bmb "D' "A' sb¡mÄ DXvIr-jS- {X-I-tfbpw Ah-km\w hneo-\-am-¡p-¶Xpw BIp-¶p. CtXv am-b-Xp-Im-cWw t{ijvThpw "A' bptSbpw "a' bptSbpw {]-Imcw Xs¶ kpjp-]X-Øm-\ob Imc-W- P-K- ¯nsâ A[nv CS-b¡m-b- Xp- Im-cWw Ah c­n-t\mSpw At`-Zy-amb kw_- jvTn-X m-hmb {]mÚbpw kÀÆ-Ú-\m-Ip-¶p. Øqew, v Ô- ap-ÅX m-Wv. AXn-\ m CXv D`b kzcq-] -am-Ip-¶ p. kq£vaw, ImcWw þ Cu aq¶-h-ØIfnepw ØnXn-sN- -

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I ¿p¶ PK-¯ns\ Adn-bp-¶-h\pw BIp-¶p. Imc-W-P-K¯nÂ\n-¶p-Xs¶ Øqehpw kq£va-hp-amb PK-¯p-¡Ä DÛ-hn-¡p-Ibpw AXn¯s¶ Ah-bpsS eb\w kw`-hn¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. C{]-Imcw "a' bpsSbpw Imc-W-P-K¯nsâ A[n-jvTm-Xm-hmb {]mPvR F¶p-t]-cpÅ aq¶mas¯ ]mZ-¯n-sâbpw kaXzw DÅ-Xp-sIm­p "a' bpw "{]mÚ' kzcq-]-]c-ta-iz-csâ GI-X-sbbpw Adn-bp¶pthm Cu cl-kys¯ {Kln-¨n«v HmwIm-c-¯nsâ kvacWm-Zzmcm ]c-ta-iz-cs\ Nn´n-¡p-¶pthm Ah³ aqe-k-lnX-amb k¼qÀ®-P-K-¯ns\ \Ã-Xp-t]mse Adn-bp-Ibpw FÃm-¯n-t\bpw hneo-\-am-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p¶p; AXm-bXv Ahsâ _mly ZrjvSn Ah-km-\n-¡p-¶ p. AXn-\ m Ah³ kÀÆ{X GI-]-c- {_Ò ]c-ta-iz-c-s\-¯s¶ t\m¡ns¡m-­n-cn-¡p-¶-h- \m-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. kw_-Ô w- þ -am-{Xm-c-ln-X-amb HmwIm-c- ¯nsâ \memw-]m-Zt¯m-SpÅ GIo-I-c-Ws¯ {]Xn-]m-Zn-¨p-sIm­v Cu D]-\nj-¯ns\ D]-kw-l-cn-¡p-¶p.

cl-kyhpw {Kln-¨n«v ]c-{_Ò ]c-am-ßm-hns\ {]m]n-¡p¶- Xn-\p-th­n At±- l- ¯nsâ \ma-P-]s¯ Ah- ew-_- am¡n X]-tÊm-Sp-Iq-Snb km[\ \S-¯p-¶pthm Ah³ \nÊ-tµl- ambpw Bßm-hnÂ\n¶pw Bßm-hn AXm-bXv ]cm-Xv]c-]-c- {_-Ò]-c-am-ßm-hn {]th-in-¡p-¶p. bmsXm-cp-¯³ C{]- Imcw {Kln- ¡p¶p F¶pÅ hmIys¯ c­p {]mhiyw D¨-cn-¨n«v D]-\n-j-¯nsâ kam-]Xnsb kqNn-¸n-¡p-¶p. v

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12. Aam-{X-Ý XpÀtYmhyh-l mcyx {]]-t©m-] iax inthmssZzX Gh-tam-¦ mc Bssßh kwhn-i-XymXv a\mßm\w b Ghw thZ b Ghw thZ.

]c-{_-Ò-]-c-am-ßm-hntâbpw At±-l-¯nsâ \ma-¯ntâbpw alna A]m-c-am-Ip- ¶p. CXnsâ A¡c IS-¡p-hm³ BÀ¡pw km[y-a-Ã. Cu {]I-c-W-¯n B Ako-a-]qÀ® {_Ò ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ \mep ]mZ-§-fpsS Iev]\ At±-l¯nsâ Øqe, kq£va, Imc-W-§-fmb aq¶p kKpW cq]§-fp-tSbpw \nÀKp-W-\n-cm-Imc kzcq-]-¯nsâ GI-tXbpw ImWn-¡p-¶-Xn-\p-th-­nbpw AXp-t]mse \ma-¯n- tâbpw \man-bp-tSbpw FÃm-{]-Im-c-§-fn-epapÅ GI-tXbpw ImWn¡p- ¶-Xn\pw AXp-t]mse At±-l- ¯nÂ\n-¶pw A`n¶- amb ANn-´y-i-àn-tbbpw kÀÆ- am\ kmaÀ°y-t¯bpw ImWn¡p- ¶- Xn- \pw- th­n sN¿- s¸- «n- cn- ¡p¶p F¶v A\p- am- \n- ¡p- ¶p.

im´n- ] mTw
Hmw `{Zw IÀt®`nx {iWp-bma tZhm `{Zw ]tiy am£m-` n-cy-P{Xmx

]c-{_Ò ]c- am-ßm- hnsâ \mam- ß- I- amb HmwIm- c- ¯nsâ am{Xm-c-ln-X- amb þ kwkm-c-¯n hcm-¯-Xm-b, \ncm-Im-cØnssc-c-MvssK-k vXp-j vSphmw kkvX-\qkz-cq]w AXp a\-Ên\pw hmWn¡pw Ahn-j-bam-b-Xp`nÀhytia tZh-lnXw bZmbpx sIm­p hyh-lm-c-¯n sIm­p- h- cp-hm³ k[y- a- Ãm-¯Xpw kzkvXn \ Ct{µm hr²-{ihmx kzkvXn \x {]]-©-¯nÂ\n-¶p- a-Xo-Xhpw Ieym-W- a-bhpw AZzn- Xo-bhpw ]pjm hniz-thZmx B \nÀ¤p-W-\n-cm-Im-c-cq-]-amb \mem-as¯ ]mZ-am-Ip-¶p. kzkvXn \kvXmÀt£ym Acn-jvS-t\anx F{]-Imcw aq¶p-am-{X-I-fpsS t\c-t¯]dªn-«pÅ aq¶pkzkvXn t\m _rl-kX]nÀZ-[m-Xp. v ]m-Z-§-tfm- sSm-¯pÅ kam- \-X-bp-­m-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm AtX{]-Imcw Xs¶ HmwIm-c- \n-cm-Im-c-kz-cq-]-¯nsâ ]c-{_-Ò-]Hmw im´nx ! im´nx ! im´nx !!! c- am-ßm-hnsâ \nÀKp- W-\n-cm-Imc \nÀhn- ti- j-cq-]- amb \memCXnsâ AÀ°w Cu D]-\n-j-¯nsâ Bcw-`-¯n as¯ ]mZ-t¯m-SpÅ kaXzw F¶p `mhw. bmsXmcp a\pjy³ Cu hn[w HmwIm-chpw ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ GI-X-bpsS sImSp-¯n-«p-­v.

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Iujo-XIn {_Ò-tWm-]-\n-j¯v3 1
im´n-]mTw
Hmw. hmMv ta a\kn {]Xn-jvTn-Xm. at\m ta hmNn {]Xn- j v T n- X - a m- h n- c m- a . G[n thZky a AWoØx {ipXw ta am {]lm-ko-c-t\-\m-[otX \mtlm-cm-{XmXv kwZ-[m-an. EXw hZn-jyman kXyw hZn-jym-an. X·m-a-hXp. XZv hàm-ca-hXp. AhXp - amw. AhXp hàmcw Hmw. im´nx im´nx im´nx

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Hmw. Fsâ hm¡v a\-Ên Ønc-am-bn-cn-¡-s«. hm¡n a\Êv Ønc-am-bn-cn-¡-s«. kzbw {]Im-im-ßm-th, A§v Fsâ ap¶n {]Xy-£-am-Ip-I. tl hmWn, tl a\-tÊ, \n§Ä c­p-t]cpw Fsâ thZ-Úm-\¯n\v B[m-c-amIp-¶p. AXn-\m Fsâ thZm-[ym-b-\s¯ XS-b-cp-tX. Cu thZm-[y-b\s¯ XS-b-cp-tX. Cu thZm-[y-b-\-¯n Rm³ cm{Xnbpw ]Iepw Nne-h-gn- ¡p- ¶p. Rm³ EXw ]dbpw kXyw ]dbpw Fs¶ c£n-¨mepw hàm-hns\ c£n¨mepw Fs¶ c£n-¨m-epw.

D±m-e-I³ Úm\-Xr-jW-tbmsS Nn{Xsâ ASp-¯p-sN¶v v ]dªp:þ "Úm\mÀP-\-¯n-\mWv Rm\n- hnsS h¶Xv'. D±me-Isâ Dt±iyw AXm-sW-¶Xn Nn{X\v kwi-b-ap-­mbn-cp-¶n-Ã.

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H¶mw A[ymbw
1. Nnt{Xm l ssh KmÀKym-b-WnÀ b£y-amW BcpWnw ht{h. k l ]p{Xw tizX-tIXpw {]Pn{Lm-b. bmP-tb-Xn. Xm lmko\w ]{]-Ñ . KuXaky ]p{Xm-kvXn. kwhrXw temtI bkvan³ am [mky tlm thmN-Z[zm temtI bmky-ko-Xn. kl ]nX-c-am-kmZy ]{]-tÑ-Xo-Xn. am {]m£oXv IYw {]Xn-{_-hm-Wo-Xn. k tlm hmN. Al-a -t]y-XXv \ thZ. k Z tky h hbw kzm[ym-b-a-[oXy lcm atl b¶ ]tc-Z-ltXy ln D`u Kan-jymh CXn. k l kanX ]mWnx Nn{Xw KmÀKym-bWow {]Xn N{Ia D]m-bm-\ o-X n. Xw tlmhm-N -{_-Ò mÀtLm kn KuX-atbm \ am\-ap-]mtKm Ghn thyh Xzm Úm]-bn-jym-ao-X n.
alÀjn-bmb Nn{X³ KÀ¤sâ ]p{Xsâ ]p{X-\m-bn-cp¶p. At±lw bÚw sN¿-W-sa-¶p-t±-in¨v AcpW ]p{X\mb D±m-e-Is\ {][m\ EXzn-¡m-¡n. F¶m D±m-e-I³ B bÚ-¯n\p t]mImsX ]p{X-\mb tizX-tI-Xp-hn\v th­n Nn{X-¯nsâ bÚ-¯n\p t]mbn. AXv th­hn[w ]cy-h-km-\n-¸n-¡m³ \nÀt±iw sImSp-¯p. \nÀt±im-\p-k-cWw tizX-tI-Xp-b-Ú-¯n ]¦p-sIm­v Hcp DbÀ¶ ]oT-¯n-en-cp-¶p. At±-ls¯ I­v alm-ßm-hmb Nn{X³ C§s\ tNmZn¨p:þ ""Fs¶ {]Xn-jvTn-¡m³ Cu temI-¯n Bh-c-W-t¯mSp IqSnb Hcp Øm\-apt­m? AtXm `n¶-amb Bh-c-W-cln-X-amb Øm\-¯m-bn-cn¡ptam Fs¶ {]Xn-jvTn-¡pI?'' CXp-tI«v tizX-tIXp ]dªp. ""F\n¡v CXn-s\-¸än Hcp Adn-hp-an-Ã. Fsâ ]nXmhv imkv{X-c- l -k y-§ Ä Adn-b p-¶ -h \pw AX- \ p- k -cn¨v {]hÀ¯n-¡ p-¶-h-\p-am-W v. A§-bpsS tNmZy-s¯-¸ än Rm³ At±-lt¯mSv ]dbmw.'' ]ns¶ tizX-tIXp ]nXmhnsâ ASp¯p sN¶v Nn{X³ tNmZn¨ kwibw hyà-am¡n. D±m-e-I³ ]dªp:þ ""F\n¡pw Cu tNmZy-¯n-\p¯cw \nÝ-b-an-Ã. alm-ßm-hmb Nn{Xsâ bÚ imebn-se¯n XXzm- [ym- b-\-¯m Úm\w t\Smw. A\yÀs¡¶-t]mse \ap¡pw Nn{X-\nÂ\n¶v [\w e`n-¡pw. AXn\m At§m-«p-t]m-hp-I.'' A§s\ kanXn ]mWn-bmbn

2. ktlm-hmN þ tb ssh tI N AkvamtÃm ImXv {]b´n N{µ-a-k-tah tX kÀth KÑ-´n. tXjmw {]mssWx ]qÀh ]£ B]ym-b-tX. Xm\]-c -] -t£W {]P-\ -b-Xn. GX-ssZz-kzÀ¤-ky-temIky Zzmcw bÝ-{µ-amkvXw bXv {]Xym-lX aXn {kP-tX. b G\w {]Xym-l-X-anl hyjvSnÀ `qXzm hÀjXn X Cl IotSm hm ]XwtKm hm iIp-\nÀ hm imÀZqtem hm knwtlm hm atÕym hm ]cizm hm ]pcptjm hm t\ym ssh tXjp Ømt\jp {]Xym-Pm-btX bYm IÀa bYm hnZypx Xam-KXm ]rÑXn tIm koXw Xw {]Xn {_qbmXv hnN£Wm ZrXthm tcX A`qXw ]©-Z-imXv {]kqXmXv l{Xy-hkvXm³am-]pwkn IÀ¯-tcy-cb [zw. ]pwkm IÀ{Xm amX-cn-am-\n-j-IXm kPmb D]-Pmb-amt\m ZzmZ-i{X-tbm-Zi D]-amtkm ZzmZi {Xtbm Zti\ l{Xm kw ZtZztZ {]Xn ZZzntZ lw X³a EXthm AaÀXyh B`c [zw. tX\ ktXy\ tX\ X]km EXp-c-kvaymÀ¯thm kvan tIm kvan XzakvaoXn Xa-Xnkva PtX.
]ns¶ At±lw ]dªp: "tl D±m-e-I, Fs¶-t¸mse \nÊm-c-\mb Hcp hyàn-bpsS ASp-¡Â C§s\ hcm³ Imc-Wsa´v? kz´w alXzw icn-¡-dn-ªn-Ã-tÃm. A§v FÃm {_mÒ-W-cnepw sh¨v ]qP-\o-b\pw {_Ò-hn-Zym-[nIm-cn-bp-am-Wv. Rm³ tNmZn¨ tNmZys¯ kw_-Ôn¨v At§bv¡v bYmÀ° Úm\w \ÂImw. bÚ-IÀ¯m-hmb Nn{X³ ]dªp:þ "apt\, bÚmZn-I-fmb D¯a IÀ½§f\p-jvTn-¨n-«pÅ hnZzm-·mÀ Cu temIw hn«v t]mIp-t¼mÄ kzÀ¤w {]m]n-¡p-¶p. F¶m IrjvW-]£-¯n N{µ\v Pohn-IÄ¡v Xr]vXn sImSp¡m³ Ign-hn-Ã. kzÀ¤-¯n-te-bv¡pÅ IhmSw N{µ³ F¶ t]cn-\m {]kn-²-am-W.v kzÀ¤-¯n-\[n-Im-cn-I-fm-b-hÀ Nn´n-¡p-¶Xv kzÀ¤-¯nÂ\n¶v Ipsd Ign-bp-t¼mÄ Xmsg ]Xn-t¡-­nh-cp-sa¶pw A§-s\-bpÅ kzÀ¤w \ncÀ°-am-sW-¶p-amWv. \njvIm-a-IÀ½nIfmbn N{µ-temIw shSn-bp-¶-hÀ ip`IÀ½-¯mepw ZrV-\n-Ý-b-¯mepw kzÀ¤-tem-I-¯n\pw apI- fn- epÅ {_Ò-tem- Is¯ {]m]n- ¡p-¶p. kpJw sImXn¨v kzÀ¤-¯nse kpJ-¯n Xs¶ apgpIn Ign-bp-¶ -hÀ ]pWy-£-b-t¯msS Xmtgm«p ]Xn-¡p-¶p. C§s\ temI-¯nse kzÀ¤-\-cI {]m]vXn-I- c-amb KXn a\-Ên-em-¡p¶ injy³ hnc-à\mbn PnÚm-k-tbmsS kZvKp-cp-hns\ icWw {]m]n-¡p-t¼mÄ Kpcp injy-t\mSv tNmZn-¡-Ww. "\o BcmWv?'

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B tNmZy-¯n\v injy³ C§-s\-bmWv D¯cw ]dtb-­Xv:þ "tZh-·m-sc, ]Xn-\©p Ie-ItfmSp IqSn-bXpw ip¢- Ir-jvW- ]- £- §Ä¡v Imc- W-`q- Xhpw {i²- tbmsS {]Xy£-s¸-Sp¶ ]nXr-temIw \ÂIp-¶-h\pw hn`n¶ t`mK-Zmb-I\pw Bb N{µsâ kao-]¯p \n¶pw D­mbn {i², tkma³, hÀjw A¶w F¶n-hbpsS {]`m-h-¯m kwPmX-am-b-h\pw hocy-¯nsâ cq]-¯n ]cn-hÀ¯\w sN¿s¸-«h\pw Poh³ DÄs¡m-Åp-¶-Xp-amb Fs¶ A§v kwtbm-K -I may aptJ\ ]pcp-j -\n Øm]n-¡p-Ibpw ]n¶oSv B ]pcp-j³ aptJ\ Fs¶ KÀ`-¯n [mcWw sN¿n- ¸n-¡p- Ibpw D­m-bn. Gsd hÀj-§-fmbn Rm³ anYymÚm\w {]m]-©nI {`aw hnIm-c- §Ä F¶n- h-bnepw {_ÒÚm\ PnÚm-k-bnepw Ign-ªp-Iq-Sp-¶p. C\n F\n¡v A§v Aa-cXzw ssI hcp-¯p-hm³ t]m¶ {_Ò-Úm\w e`n-¡m³ DX-I-¯¡-hn[w Btcm-Kyhpw ZoÀLm-bpÊpw Xcp-I. Fs´-¶m {_Ò-km-£m-Xv¡mcw e`n-¡p-¶Xphsc Pohn-¨n-cn-t¡-­Xp-­v. Rm³ kqNn-¸n¨ kXyhpw X]-kybpw \nan¯w Rm³ EX-am-Ip-¶p. A§p Xs¶bmtWm Rms\¶pw bYmÀ°-¯n Rm³ Bcm-sW¶pw F\n¡v ]dªp Xc-Ww.' Ahsâ hm¡p tI«v kZvKpcp B injys\ kwkm-cs¯ `b-s¸-Sp-¶-h-\m-sW¶p I­v. {_Ò-hnZy D]-tZ-in-¨p. Ahs\ kwkm-c-_Ô\¯n - - \n¶pw hnSÀ¯n kIe ]m]-§-fnÂ\n¶pw hnap-à\mt¡-­-Xp-­.v

A\-´cw "Cf' F¶p t]cpÅ Cey hr£w ImWmw. ]n¶oSv ]e tZh-·mcpw Xma-kn-¡p¶ \K-c-am-Wv. AhnsS ]qt´m-«§Ä, \Zn-IÄ, ktcm-hc-§Ä, InW-dp-IÄ Chbp-­v. \K-c¯nsâ Hcp `mK¯v [\p-Ênsâ BIr-Xn-bnepÅ Hcp {]tIm-jvT-ap-­v. AXpw IS-¶p-t]m-bm "A]cm-PnX' F¶p hnim-e-amb Øm\-am-W.v AhnsS {_Òmhv Xma-kn-¡p-¶p. kqcy-tX-PÊpw BÀ¡pw XIÀ¡m³ Ignbm-¯-Xp-am-I-bm A]-cm-PnX F¶ t]cv AXn\p In«n. {_Òm-hnsâ B `h-\-¯nsâ Zzmc-]m-e-I-·mÀ taL-§fpw bÚ-¯nsâ {]Xo-I-§-fmb hmbphpw BIm-i-cq-]n-bmb C{µ-\p-sa-t{X. "hn`q-{]-aXn' F¶ Hcp k`m-aWvU]w AhnsSbp­v. AXnsâ a[y-¯n "hnN-£W' F¶ thZn AÂ`p-X-I-cam-Wv. iàn-tb-dn-bXpw "Aan-XuPm' F¶p t]cp-Å-Xpamb {]mW³ Xs¶-bmWv {_Òm-hnsâ knwlm-k-\w. {]IrXn cq]n-Wn-bmb At±-l-¯nsâ {]nb a\-Êns\ lcn¡p-¶hfm-I-bm "am\kn' F¶ t]cn Adn-b-s¸-Sp-¶p. - AXnsâ Ombm-aqÀ¯n "N£pjn' bmWv tXP-tÊ-dnb AXnsâ Ae-¦m-cm-Zn-IÄ tXtPm-a-b-§-fm-Ip-¶p. {]]©w \mep-hn-[-¯n-epÅ Pohn-I-fm ]qÀ®-amWv þ Pcm-bp-Pw, AWvU-Pw, tkzZ-Pw, DZv`n-Pw, {]]-©-¯nse kIe PU-tN-X \ hkvXp-¡fpw {_Òm-hnsâ DZym-\¯nse ]pjv]-§-fm-Wv. Ah-bpsS [uXw D¯-co-bmZn hkv{X-§-fm-Wv. Ahn-sS-bpÅ A]vk-c-Êp-Isf "Aw_m' F¶pw "Aw_m-bhn' F¶pw ]d-bp-¶p. Aw_-bn P\\o-`m-hhpw Aw_m-b-hn-bn _p²n-`m-h-hp-am-Ip-¶p. {_ÒÚm\w \ÂIp¶ Aw_bm F¶ \Zn AhnsS Hgp-Ip¶p. Úm\n-bmb ]pcp-j\v AhnsS sNs¶-¯m³ Ignbp-¶ p. hnPcm F¶ \Zn-b p-s S kao-] -¯p-Iq-Sn-b mWv At§m«p t]mtI-­-X.v AhnsS F¯p-¶-hÀ¡v hmÀ²Iy _m[-bp-­m-hp-I-bn- Ã.

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4. Xmw ]©-i-Xm\n A]vk-ckmw {]Xn-b´n iXw ]qÀ® lkvXmx iXw iXw hmtkm-lkvXmx iXw ^e-k-lkvXm iX-am-RvP\ lkvXm iXw amey lkvXmx Xw {_Òmew ImtcW Aew IpÀh´n. k {_Òm-e-¦m-tc-Wm-ew-IrtXm {_Ò hnZzm³ {_Òm-`n-ss{]Xn k AK-Ñ-Xzmcw {lZw Xw a\-kmCuiz-tcm- ]m- k\ sN¿p- ¶-h³ tZh- bm- \-amÀ¤-¯nÂIqSn tXyXn XanXzm k{kXn hntZm aÖ-´n. k BKBZyw Aán-tem-I-¯n-se-¯p-¶p. ]ns¶ hmbp-temIw; ÑXn alqÀ¯m tkyjvSn lmw kvtX kvamZv {]ZAhnsS \n¶v kqcy-temIw; ]ns¶ hcp-W-temIw; A\h´n k BK-ÑXn hnPcmw \Zow Xmw a\ssk ´cw C{µ-temIw; A\-´cw {]Pm-]-Xn-temIw; XpSÀ¶v hmtXy-Xn. XXv kpIrX ZpjvIrtX [p\p-tX. Xky{_Ò-temIw; {_Ò-tem-I-¯n {]th-in-¡p- hm-\pÅ amÀ¤{] nbm Ú mX bx k p I r - X - a p - ] - b ´ p {] nbm ¯n "Bc' F¶p t]cpÅ hen-sbmcp Pem-i-b-ap­v ZpjvIrXw XZyYm ctY\ [mh-b³ cY Nt{I ]cyAXp IS¶v Ima-t{Im-[m-Zn-Ifm {_Ò-temI {]m]vXnth-£ -X, Gh atlm-cmt{X ]cy-th-£ -X. Ghw ¡pÅ km[-\-b-Úm-Zn-I-fm {_Ò-temI {]m]vXn-¡pÅ kpIrX ZpjvIrtX kÀhmWn N Zzµzm\n k Gj km[-\b-Úm-Zn-]pWy IÀ½-§Ä Ch \in-¸n-¡p¶ hnkp-IrtXm hnZp-jvIrtXm {_Ò hnZzm³ {_ssÒ "tbjvSn l' F¶ `mKw IS¶v "hncPm' \Zn-bn-se-¯mw. hm`n-ss{]-X n.
AXnsâ ZÀi-\¯m Xs¶ hmÀ²Iyw \jvS-am-Ip-¶p. -

3. k Xw tZh-bm\w ]Ùm\w B]Zy Aán temI-am-KÑXn. hmbp-temIw k hcp-W-temIw k - BZnXy temIw k C{µ-t emIw k {]Pm-] Xn temIw k {_Ò temIw. Xky lhm GXky {_ Ò - t e m- I k y B tc m- { l tZ m ap l qÀ t¯ m tbjv Snlm hnPcm \Zoteym hr£x kmePyw kwØm-\-a-]-cm-Pn-X-amb X\-an{µ {]Pm-]Xo Zzmc tKm]u. hn`q-{]-anXw hnN-£-Wm. Bk-¶an-XuPmx ]cy¦x {]nbm N am\ko {]Xn-cq]m NNm-£jo ]pjv]m-Wym-h-bXu ssh N PKmXyw _mÝmw-_mh-b-ho-Ým-]vk-ckx Aw_bm \Zyx Xnan°w hnZm KÑXn Xw {_Òm lm`n-[m-hX aa bikm hnPcmw hm Abw \Zow {]m]-¶hm Abw Pc-bn-jy-Xo-Xn.

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98

I

s]s«¶p Xs¶ {_Òm-h nsâ \nÀt±-i m-\p-k-cWw Aªqdp A]vk-cÊp-IÄ Ahn-sS-sb-¯nb {_Ò-Úm\nsb kzmKXw sN¿m³ HmSn-h-cpw. Ah-cn Aªq-dpt]À tIkcw Ip¦paw aªÄ F¶n-hb psS NqÀ®w ssIbn-se-Sp-¯n-cn-¡pw. Aªq-dp-t]À¡v hnhn[ hkv{X§Ä D­v. \qdp A]vk-c-Êp- IÄ ssIbn ]e-hn[w AwKcm-K§Ä hln-¨n-cn-¡pw. FÃm-hcpw IqSn B alm-ßmhns\ Ae-¦-cn¨v {_Ò-kz-cq-]n-bm-¡n-¯oÀ¡pw. AtXmsS AbmÄ "Ac' F¶p t]cpÅ Pem-i-b-¯n-\-Sp¯v \bn¡-s¸Spw; AhnsS Ba-Ö\w sN¿-s¸-Spw. k¦ev]w aptJ\ AXns\ XcWw sN¿p¶ {_Ò-Úm\n ]ns¶ "tbjvSnl' bpsS kao-]-sa¯pw tZh-·mÀ Ahsâ {_Ò tXP-Ênsâ ap¶n Dd-¨p-\n¡m-\m-ImsX HmSn- t¸m-tI­n hcp-¶p. Úm\n "hncmPm' \Zn-bpsS Xoc-s¯¯n ]m] ]pWy-§Ä AhnsS Dt]-£n¨v Xsâ am\-knI k¦-ev]¯m Xs¶ AXnsâ A¡c IS-¡p-¶p. B Úm\nsb tZzjn-¡ p-¶ -h À¡v Ah³ ssIhn« ]m]w e`n¡pw; F¶m Ahs\ kvt\ln-¡p¶ IpSpw-_n-IÄ Ahsâ ]pWymw-i-¯n ]¦m-fn-I-fm-Ip-¶p. tXcn k©-cn-¡p¶ hyàn cYw \nb-{´n-¡p-t¼mÄ AXnse N{I-§-fpsS ]rYzn-bp-am-bpÅ kwtbm-K-hn-tbm-K§-f-dn-bp-¶n-Ã. AXpt]mse {_Ò-Úm-\n-bmb hyàn cm¸-I ]m]-]p-Wya-b-§-fmb ]e Zriy-§fpw ImWp-¶p-s­-¦nepw Ah-bpambn _Ôn-¡p-¶n-Ã. ]m]-]p-Wy-§Ä Ahs\ _m[n-¡p¶n- Ã. {_Ò-Úm-\-¯m Ah³ {_Ò-s¯-¯s¶ {]m]n¡p- ¶p.

5. k BK-Ñ -X oeyw hr£w Xw {_Ò-K Ôx {]hniXn. k BK-ÑXn kmePyw kwØm-\w. Xw {_Ò-c kx {]hn-i-Xn, k BK-Ñ Xn A]-cm-P nXw Bb X\w Xw {_Ò-tXPx {]hn-iXn B KÑ-Xn. C{µ-{]-Pm-]Xo Zzmc-tKm]u Xmh-kvam-Z-]-{Z-hXx k BK-ÑXn hn`q-{]-anXw Xw {_Ò tXPx {]hn-iXn k BK-ÑXn hne-£-Wm-am-kµow _rl-{ZYw Xtc kma\n ]qÀhu-]mZu ssÝyX \u[tk Nm]-cuh-ssh-cq] sshcmtP A\q-NytX imIz-c-ssc-htX XocÝo km{]Úm {]Úbm ln hn]-iyXn k BK-ÑXn AanXu Pkw ]cy¦w k {]mW-kvXky `qXw N `hnjyw N ]qÀhu ]mZu-{io-tÝ-cm-Nm-]c, {_lv{ZY w Xtc B \qtNy `{Z- b - Ú mb bÚotb ioÀjtWy ENÝ kmam\n N {]mNo\m-Xm-\m\n bÖpwjn Xnc-Ýo-\m\n tkmamw-ihx D]-kvX-cW apZvKoYx D]{iox {iocp]_ÀlWw Xkvan³ {_ÒmkvtX Xan°w hnXv]m-tZ-ss\-hm{K Btcm-lXn. Xw {_Òm ]rÑXn tImkoXn. Xw {]Xn {_qbm-Xv.
{_Ò-Úm-\n-bpsS \mkn-Ibn Cey hr£-¯nsâ ASp-s¯-¯nb DS-s\-Xs¶ {_Ò-KÔw {]th-in-¡p-¶p. ]ns¶ Ah³ "kmePy' sa¶p t]cpÅ \K-c-¯n-\-Sp-s¯¯pw. AhnsS Ahs\ Znhy-amb {_Ò-ckw {]m]n-¡p-

¶p. CXn\p ap¼v Ah\v C{Xbpw B\µw D­m-bn-«p-­mhn-Ã. AXn-\p-tijw Ah³ {_Òm-hnsâ "A]-cm-PnX' F¶ `h-\-¯n-\Sp-s¯-¯pw. AtXmsS Ah-\n {_ÒtX-PÊv \nd-bp-¶p. ]ns¶ `h-\-Zzm-c-kw-c-£-I-·m-cmb C{µsâbpw {]Pm-]Xn-bp-sSbpw kao]w {]m]n-¡p-¶p. amÀ¤w ImWn-¡ -s ¸«v apt¶m«p t]mbn "hn`p- {]-a nX' F¶ k`maWvU]-¯n-se-¯pw. {_Ò-b-iÊp tNÀ¶v Ah³ _rl-s¯¶pw cY-´-c-km- a-sa¶pw t]cpÅ c­p-ap³Im tNÀ¶Xpw ssiyXw, \u[-k-kmaw F¶ ]n³Im-ep-IÄ tNÀ¶Xpw sshcq]w sshcm-P-kmaw Cu Z£n-tWm-¯c ]mZ-§Ä tNÀ¶Xpw imIz-cw, ssch-Xkmaw F¶ ]qÀh ]Ýna ]mZ-§Ä tNÀ¶Xpw Bb hnN-£ -W-s b¶p thZn¡p kao]w F¯pw. _p²n-cq-]n-Wnbpw al-¯Xz cq]n-Wn-bp-ambn B thZn {_Ò-Úm-\n¡v Znhy ZrjvSn \ÂIpw. ]ns¶ {]mW-kz-cq-]amb "AanXu Pm' F¶ knwlm-k-\-¯n-\-Sp¯v F¯pw. AXnsâ ap³h-i-¯pÅ c­p Imep-IÄ `qX-`-hn-jy-¯p-¡-fm-Wv. ]n¶n-epÅ ImepIÄ {iotZ-hnbpw `qao-tZ-hn-bpw. A\qNy F¶ c­p ZoÀL JSzmw-K§Ä AXnsâ D¯-c-Z-£nW ]mZ-§-fm-Wv. Ah _rl¯pw cY-´c kma-hp-sa-t{X. `{Z-sa¶pw bÚm-bÚo-b-sa¶pw t]cpÅ kma-cq-]-¯n-epÅ c­p sNdnb JSzmw-K-§Ä ]qÀh-]-Ýna `mKs¯ ]mZ-§-fm-Ip-¶p. Ahbn incÊpw ]mZhpw hbv¡p-¶p. Ing¡p ]Sn-ªm-dmb hmSn-IÄ EtKz-Z-km-a-th-Z-§-fpsS kzc-`q-X-am-Wv. hS-¡p-sX¡mbn hfªp ]pf-ªp-apÅ hmSn-IÄ bPpÀth-Z{]-XoI-§-fm-Ip-¶p. N{µ-c-ivan-IÄ AhnsS tIma-f-i-¿-t]mse hncn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. DZvKoYw AXn hncn-¨n-«pÅ ]pX-¸mWv e£van-bm-Ip¶ Xe-bW Ahn-sS-bp-­v. A§n-s\-bpÅ B Znhy-knw-lm-k\w {_Òm-hn\v hncm-Pn-¡m³ th­nbp-Å-Xm-Wv. Cu XXzw {Kln-¨n-«pÅ {_Ò-Úm\n B knwlm- k-\-¯n Imep-sh¨v tIdp-¶p. At¸mÄ {_Òmhv Ah-t\mSv tNmZn-¡pw. "\o Bcv?' At±-l-¯nsâ tNmZy¯n\v C{]-Imcw adp-]Sn sImSp-¡Ww. -

K

6. EXp-c -kvaymÀ¯thm kva ymImim-tZymt\x kw`qtXm `mcym GXXv kwh-Õ-c ky tXtPm-`qXky `qX-kymßm Xzam-ßmkn bkvXz-akn tkm lakva oXn Xam-l tIm la- k va oXn kXy-a nXn {_qbmXv Iow XZyXv kXy-anXn bZ-\yXv tZth-`yÝ {]mtW-`yÝ XXv kZY bZv tZhmÝ {]mWm-ÝXXzw XtZ-Xbm hmNm `nhym{ln-btX kXy-antXy Xmh- Z nZw kÀh- a nZw kÀa- k n. CssXy- s sh\w XZman XtZ-XZyIv tÇmtI-\m-`yp-àw. bPq-Zcx kma-incm Akm-hy-MvaqÀ¯n chybx k{_tÒXn k hnP-Úob EjnÀ {_Ò-atbm alm-\n-Xn. Xaml tI\ ta ]uwkym\n \mam\n B]vt\mjn CXn {]mtWt\Xn {_qbm-Xv.

tI\ kv{Xo\m-am-\oXn hmtNXn tI\ \]pw-kIm-\oXn a\-tkXn tI\ KmÔm-\nXn {]mW-t\-

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99

I tXyh {_qbmXv tI\ cq]m-WoXn N£p-tjXn

£-I³. a\Êv ZqX-\m-Ip-¶p. kÀth-{µn-b-§fpw Ah-bpsS tI\ i_vZm \nXn Pnlz-tbXn tI\ A¶ ckm A`n-am-\n-I-fmb tZh-X-amÀ aptJ\ Bh-iy-s¸-SmsX Xs¶ \nXn Pnlz-tbXn tI\ IÀam-WoXn lkvXm-`ym- {]mW-\m-Ip¶ {_Ò-¯n\v D]-lmc cq]-¯n \ÂI-s¸anXn tI\ kpJ-ZpxJ CXn icn-tc-tW-Xn-tI-\\µw «n-cn-¡p-¶p. Cu clkyw Adn-bp-¶- h\v bmNn-¡msX Xs¶ cXnw {]Pm-Zn-an-Xy-]-tØ-t\-Xn. tIt\Xzm CXn ]mZm- kÀh-Ncm-Nc-§fpw D]-lmcw kaÀ¸n-¡p-¶p. Hcp bmN`ym-an-Xn, tI\-[ntbm hnÚw Xhyw Imam-\nXn I³ Hcp {Kma-¯n t]mbn `n£ bmNn¨v H¶pw In«msX {]Ú-tbXn {_qbm-¯a m-l. Bt]m ssh Jep \ncm-i-\mbn B {Kma-hm-kn-IÄ sImSp-¯mepw A¶m-Zntaly-km-hbw tX temI-C -Xn-kmbm {_ÒtWm IÄ kzoI-cn-¡ p-I -b n-s öp \nÝ-b n-¡ p-¶ -X p-t]mse PnXnÀ bm hyjvSn kvXmw PnXn PbXn Xmw hyjvSnw {]mWs\ D]m-kn-¡p¶ km[-I³ BtcmSpw bmsXm¶pw hyiv\ ptX b Ghw thZ b Ghw thZ. CXn bmNn-¡m³ ]mSn-sÃ-¶Xv Xsâ ]mh-\-IÀ¯-hy-sa¶v IcpXp-¶p. Ah³ Xsâ \nÝ-b-¯n ZrV-Nn-¯-\m-bn-cn-¡p{]Ytam [ymbx ¶p. Fs´-¶m bmN-I-\n ssZ\y-`mhw kzm`m-hn-I-am""Rm³ kzbw-`qhpw kzbw {]Im-ihpw hniz-¯n-s\Ãmw Wv. Cu ssZ\y-`mhw sIm­mWv Ah\v `n£-In-«p-¶-Xv. ImcW `qX\pw Bb Cuiz-c-\n \n¶pw DÛ-hn-¨-h-\mIqSmsX Bfp-IÄ Ahs\ hnfn¨v "\n\¡v `n£-Xcmw' Wv. Rm³ `qX-§Äs¡- Ãm-a-Xo- X\pw `qX-§Äs¡Ãmw ImcF¶p ]d-bp¶p AXpw Ah-\nsb Zo\-`mhw \nan-¯amW-am-bn-«p-Å-h\pw PU-tN-X-\-b-amb `qX-cq-]amb kwhW-tÃm. Õ-c-¯nsâ tXPx-kz-cq-]n-bm-Wv. Rm³ EXs¯ kw_Ôn-¡p-¶-h-\mWv; EX-hp-am- W.v Rm³ Bßm-hm-Wv. A§pw 2. {]mtWm {_tÒXn l kv a ml ss]wKyBßm-hm-Wv. A§v F´mtWm AXp-X-s¶-bmWv Rm\pw. kv X ky l hm GXky {]mWky {_ÒtWm Cu hn[- ¯ n- e pÅ D¯cw tI«v {_Òmhv ho­pw hmIv ]c-k vX-¨ -£p-c m-c ptÔ N£px ]c-k vXmXv tNmZn¡pw þ "Rm³ BcmWv?' AXn\v {_Ò-Úm\n t{im{X-am-cptÔ t{im{Xw ]c-kXmXv a\ BcptÔ v C§s\ D¯cw sImSp-¡-Ww. "A§v km£mXv kXy- -am- a\x ]c-k vX mXv {]mW BcptÔ Xkvs sa hm Wv.' CXp-tI« {_Òmhv ho­pw tNmZn¡pw þ "kXy-sa¶p GXkvssa {]mWmb {_ÒW GXmx kÀhm-tZ]d-bp-¶Xp bYmÀ°-¯n F´mWv?' AXn\v C{]-Im-c- h X m A bm- N - a m- \ mb _e nw lc ´ n XtY m amWv adp-]Sn sImSp-t¡-­-Xv. "GsXm-¶mtWm Znhy-Xz- Ghmkvssa kÀhmWn `qXm\n Bbm-Nam\mssbh ¯n \n¶pw {]mW-\n \n¶pw `n¶hpw AÛp-Xhpw _enw-l - c ´n b Ghw thZ Xtkym-] \n j¶ Bbn-«p-ÅXv AXp Xs¶-bmWv kXyw. Znhyhpw A\-iz- bmtN-ZnXn XZyYm {Kmaw `n£nXzm Ae-_vt[zm-]chpw GsXm-¶mtWm AXpXs¶bmWv kXyw. A§-bn hn-ti-¶ m-l-a -t Xm-Z -¯ -a-i v\ o-bm-a n-X nb Gssh\w kÀhhpw AS-§n-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. AXn-\m A§v kXy- ]pc-kvX mZv {]Xym N£o-c mkvX Gssh\ ap]-aam-Wv.' {´-bt´ ZZma CtXyj [Àt½m-bm-NntXm `h-Xy-

K

\y-XkvXp Gssh\ ap]-a-{´-bt´ ZZma X CXn.

c­mw A²ymbw
1. {]mtWm {_tÒXn l kvaml Iujo-XInkv X ky l hm GXky {]mWky {_ÒtWm at\m`qXw hmIv] -c n-t h- j v S o. N£pÀ tKm]v X rt{im{Xw {imh- b nXp Xkv s sa hm GXkv s sa {]mWmb {_ÒtW GXmx kÀhm tZhXm BbmN-am-\mb _enw lc´n XtYm Ghmkvssa kÀhmWn `qXm\n AbmN am\m-ssbh _enw lc´n b Ghw thZ Xtkym-] -\ n-j -¶ -bm-tN- Z nXn XZyYm {Kmaw `n£nXzm Ae-_vt [zm-]hn ti¶m-latXm Z¯-a-iv\o-bm-an-Xn. b Gssh\w ]pc-kvXmXv {]XymN-£ocw kvX Gssh-\ap-]-a-{´-bt´ ZZm-aX CXn. Gj [Àt½m bmNntXm `h-Xn. A\y-X-kvtXz-ssh\-ap-]-a-{´-bt´ ZZma X CXn.
Iujo-XIn alÀjn ]d-bp-¶Xv {]mW³ Xs¶bmWv {_Ò-sa-¶m-Wv. Cu {]mW-\m-Ip¶ {_Òs¯ cmPm-hns\-t¸mse Icp-X-Ww. hm¡v AXnsâ cmÚn-bm- W.v sNhn ktµiw tIĸn-¡p¶ Zzmc-]m-e-I\m-Wv. t\{Xw AwK-c-

{]mW³ Xs¶-bmWv {_Ò-sa¶v ss]wKy-a-lÀjnbpw ]d-bp-¶p. {_Òw \nan¯w hm¡n\pw AXo-X-ambn t\t{X{µnbw `hn-¡p-¶p. {_Òw t\t{X-{µn-bs¯ FÃm-`m-K¯p \n¶pw Bh-cWw sNbvXn-«p­v t{imt{X-{µn-b- ¯n\pw AXoX-ambn a\-Êp­v a\-Êp-ap-tJ\ t{imt{X-{µnbw FÃm `mK¯p-\n¶pw Bh-cWw sNbvXn-cn-¡p-¶p. {]mW³ Xs¶bmWv {_Òw kÀh-tZ-h-X-Ifpw B {]mW-\m-Ip¶ {_Ò¯n\v bmNn-¡msX Xs¶ D]-lmcw \ÂIp-¶p. AXv BtcmSpw H¶pw bmNn-¡p-I-bn-Ã. Hcn-¡Â Hcp bmN-I³ Hcp {Kma-¯n t]mbn `n£ bmNn-¡p-¶p. `n£ In«m¯ ]£w \ncm-i-\mbn Ah³ C\n Rm³ Hcm-tfmSpw `n£ tNmZn-¡p-I-bn-söv i]Yw sN¿p-¶p. Ahsâ B ZrV \nÝbw I­v ap¼v `n£ sImSp-¡p-I-bn-söv ]d-ªhÀ Xs¶ hnfn¨p hcp¯n \n\¡v `n£-Xcmw F¶v ]dbp-¶p.

3. AYm-XI GI [\m-htcm-[\w btZ-I-[\w A`n-[ym-bmXv ]uÀ®-amkyw hm Aam-hm-kymbmw hm ip¢-]t£ hm ]ptWy \£t{X Aánw D]-

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100

I k-am-[mb ]cn kaqly ]cn-kvXocy ]cyp-t£ymXv
]qbb Z£nWw Pm·mNy {kpthW hm Na-tk\ hm Iwtk\ sshXm BPym- l p- X nÀ PptlmXn hmMv\ma tZhXm Ah-tcm-[n\o kmta Aap-jvamZnZw Ah-cpÔmw Xssky kzmlm. {]mtWm \ma tZhXm Ah-tcm-[n-\okm ta Aap-jvam-ZnZw AhcpÔmw Xssky kzmlm. N£pÀ \ma tZhXm Ahtcm-[n\o km ta Aap-jvam-ZnZw Ahp-cÔmw Xssky kzmlm. t{imXw \ma tZhXm Ah-tcm[n \o kmta Aap-jvam-ZnZw Ah-cpÔmw Xssky kzmlm. at\m \ma tZhXm Ah-tcm-[n\o km ta Aap-jvam-ZnZw Ah-cpÔmw Xssky kzmlm. {]Úm \ma tZhXm Ah-tcm-[n\o kmta Aap-jv a m-ZnZw Ah-c pÔmw Xssky kzmlm CXyY [qa-K Ôw {]Pn-{Lmb BPy-te-t]\ AwKm\n A\p-hn-arPy hmNw btam A`n {]{hPy AÀ°w {_hoX `qXw hm {]lnWp-bmXv e`tX sslh.
A\-´cw [\ \ntcm-[\s¯-¸än ]d-bp-¶p. ]qÀ®- am-kn-bntem Aam-hm-kn-bntem atä-sX-¦nepw ]pWy-XnYnbpw \£-{Xhpw hcp¶ Znh-ktam [\w B{K-ln-¡p¶ hyàn Aán Øm]n¨v Ipi-hn-cn¨v a{´w sIm­v hnip²-amb Pew Xfn¨v ]m{X-¯n sh¨p-s\¿pw ip²o-Icn¨v bYm-hn[n BlpXn kaÀ¸n-¡-Ww. "hmWo tZhn' B{Kl-§-sfÃmw km[n-¸n-¡p-¶-h-fm-W.v tZhn {]mtWm-]m-k\ sN¿p-¶h\v CXn-\m CÑn¨ [\w ssI hcp-¯s«' C§s\ sNmÃn BlpXn sN¿p-I. {]mW-tZ-hX A`ojvT-kn²n \ÂIp-¶Xm-Wv. {]mtWm-]m-k-I-\mb F\n¡v [\w ssI hcp-¯-s«. F¶p sNmÃn BlpXn AÀ¸n-¡pI. N£p-Êmb tZhn Ima\ km[n-¸n-¡p-¶-h-fm-Wv. tZhn{]m-tWm-]m-k-I-\mb F\n¡v CÑn-¨-[\w ssI hcp-¯s«. t{im{Xw F¶ tZhn A`ojvS ^f-Zm-bn-\n-bm-Wv. {]mW {_tÒm-]m-k-I-\mb F\n¡v tZhn CÑn¨ [\w ssIh-cp¯-s«. AhÄ¡mbn BlpXn kaÀ¸n-¡p-¶p. a\-Êm-Ip¶ C{µnbw A`o-jvS-^ew \ÂIp-¶-Xm-Wv. {]mtWm-]m-k-I\mb F\n¡v AXv CÑn¨ [\w ssI hcp-¯-s«. C§s\ Blp-Xn-IÄ sImSp-¯-Xn\p tijw [qKÔw {LmWn-¡pIbpw lh-\m-in-jvS-amb LrXw ]pc-«p-Ibpw au\w hcn¨v [\m-[n-]s\ kao-]n¨v [\w Bh-iy-sa¶v ]d-bp-Ibpw sN¿p-I. B hyàn Zqsc-sb-h n-sS-sb-¦n-ep-am-sW-¦n ZqX³ aptJ\ ktµ-i-a-b-bv¡mw. Cu IÀ½w B{K-ln¨ ^ew \ÂIpw.

kzmlm. {]Úmw tX abn Pqtlm-ayku kzmlm. CXyY [qa- K Ôw {]Xn- { Lmb B Py- t e- t ]\ AwKm\n A\p-hn-arPy hmNw-btam A`n-{]-{h-Py-kwkv]Àiw PnK-antj ]nhmXm Zzm kw`m-j-W-amWx XnjvtTXv {]ntbm-sslh `hXn kvac´n sslhmkvam-X v.

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A\-´cw hmMvaqew kn²-am-Ip¶ A`o-jvS-]qÀ¯n-sb¸än ]d-bp-¶p. D]m-k-I³ BÀs¡-¦nepw {]nbw-Ic-\m-IW-sa¶v B{K-ln-¡p¶ ]£w Ah³ hmKmZn tZh-XIÄ¡v {]nb-\m-I-Ww. AXn\v GsX-¦nepw ]pWy-Xn-Ynbn bYm-hn[n tlmam-Nm-c-§-sfÃmw \nÀh-ln¨v LrXmlpXn kaÀ¸n-¡-Ww. "Rm³ \nsâ hm¡m-Ip¶ C{µnbs¯ F¶n lh\w sN¿p-I. Fsâ Imcyw km[n-¡pam-dm-I-Ww. Cu BlpXn AÀ¸n-¡s« Rm³ Fsâ {]mWs\ F¶n lh\w sN¿p-¶p. F\n¡v Imcy kn²nbp-­m-I-s«. Cu BlpXn kaÀ¸n-¡p-¶p. Rm³ \nsâ t\{X§sf F¶n lh\w sN¿p-¶p. "Fsâ Imcyw km[n-¡-s«. Cu BlpXn kzoI-cn-¡p-I. Rm³ \nsâ t{im{X§sf F¶n lh\w sN¿p-¶p. Fsâ Imcyw km[n-¡p-am-dm-I-s«. Cu BlpXn ssIs¡m-Åp-I. Rm³ \nsâ a\-Êns\ F¶n lh\w sN¿p-¶p. Fsâ Imcyw km[n-¡s«. Cu BlpXn kzoI-cn-¡pI; Blp-Xn-IÄ¡p tijw [qa-KÔw Gäv tlmamÀ¸nX LrXw AwK-§-fn ]pc«n au\-a-h-ew-_n¨v B{K-ln¨ hyànsb kao-]n-¡Ww. ]ns¶ hmbv i_vZw CÑnX hyàn hsc F¯n-¡p¶-Xn klm-b-I-amb Øm\¯v \n¶p-sIm­v ]d-bWw AtXmsS B hyàn {]nbw-Ic-\m-bn-¯o-cpw. IqSmsX Øm\w hn«-Xn-\p-ti-jhpw AbmÄ HmÀ½n-¡pw.

5. AYmXx kmwb-a \w {]mXÀZ-\ -a m-´ -c -a án tlm{Xw CXn N BN-£tX bmhssZz ]pcp-tjm`mjtX \ XmhXv {]mWnXyw iIvt\mXn {]mWw XZm hmNn PqtlmXn bmhssZz ]pcptjm {]mWnXn \ XmhXv `mjnXpw iIvt\mXn hmNw XZm {]mtW Pptlm-Xn. GtX A\t´ Aar-Xm-lpXo Pm{K¨ kz]v\w k´-Xa-hy-h-Ñn\w Pqtlm-Xy-Ybm A\ym Blp-Xtbm A´-hXv bkvXmx IÀa at¿m ln `h´n GX² ssh ]qÀth hnZzmwtkm Aántlm{Xw \ Pplphmw N{Ipx
A\-´cw Znthm-Zmk ]p{X-\mb {]XÀ±-\³ A\p jvTn¨ kmwb-a\w F¶ Aán-tlm-{X-s¯-¸än ]d-bp-¶p. a\p-jy\v kwkm-cn-¨p-sIm-­n-cns¡ ]qÀ®-co-Xn-bn izkn¡m³ km[y-a-Ã. B L«¯n {]mWs\ hmWn-bm-Ip¶ Aán-bn lh\w sN¿-Ww. hm¡pw {]mWm-lp-Xn-Ifpw Hcn-¡epw Ah-km-\n-¡m-¯-Xm-W.v Ah Aa-c-§-fm-Ip-¶p. DWÀ¶n-cn-¡pt¼mgpw Dd-§p-t¼mgpw Pohn-IÄ Cu BlpXn-IÄ tlman¨p sIm­p Xs¶-bn-cn-¡-Ww. hm¡n\pw {]mWm-lp-Xn-IÄ¡pw `n¶-amb Ah-Øm-hn-ti-j-§-fm-Wv. {Zhy-§Ä sIm­pÅ Blp-Xn-IÄ ]qÀ®-sa¶v ]d-bm³

4. AYmtXm ssZhx kvatcm bky {]ntbm-_p`q- t j- Z yssky hm Gjmw ssh tXjm- a ssh Ikva n³ ]ÀhWn Aánw D]-k-a m-[ mb GXbm Gh BhrssXy Xm BPym-l p- X nÀ PqtlmXn hmNw tX abn Pqtlm-a yku kzmlm. {]mWw tXabn Pqtlm-a yku kzmlm. N£p-k vtX- a bn Pqtlm-ayku kzmlm. t{im{XwtX abn Pqtlm ayku kzml. a\kv t X abn Pqtlm- a yku

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I \nhr-¯n-bn-Ã. {]mNo-\Im-es¯ Úm\n-IÄ AX-dn-ªncp-¶p. AhÀ tIhew IÀ½ ab-amb Blp-Xn-IÄ¡v Gsd {]m[m\yw sImSp-¯n-cp-¶n-Ã.

5. AYmXx kÀh-PnXx Iujo-X-tIxkv {XoWn D]m-k-\m\n `h-´n. btÚm]-hoXw IrXzm A] BNay {XncpZ ]m{Xw {]knNy DZy-´am-Zn-Xy-ap-]Xn-jvT-tX. hÀt¤mkn ]m]-am\w ta hrMv[otXy Xss b- h m- h rXm at[y k´- a p- Z zÀt¤m Akn ]m]v a m\w a DZv h rMv [ o tXyX ssbhm- h rXm AkvX w b´w kwhÀt¤m kn ]m]va m\w ta kwhrMv [oXn bZ-tlm-cm-{Xm`ymw ]m]w ItcmXn k XZv h rMv tX AY amkn- a m-k y-a m- h m-k ymbmw ]Ým- ¨ - { µ- a kw Zriy am\- a p- ] - X n- j v t T- s sXX ssbhm-hrtXm lcnX XrWm`ymw hmIv {]Xy-bky-Xn-bt¯ kpkoaw lrZ-b-a[n {inXw tX\ arXXztky imt\ am lw ]u{X-a Lw cpZ-a nXn \ lmkvamXv ]qÀhmx {]Pmx ss{]XoXn \p PmX-]p{]mW-s \-¯ -s ¶-b mWv alm-ß m-h mb ipjvI `rw {Xky AY APmX ]p{Xky A]ym-b-kz-k-taXp Kmc\pw {_Ò-sa¶p ]d-bp-¶-Xv. DIvY cq]-¯ n-e pÅ tX kw tX ]bmwkn kap-b´p hmPm bam-ZnXym {]mWs\ EIv F¶v IcpXn D]m-kn-¡p-I. {]mW cq]Awip-am-]y-b´n tXyXmkvXn {k EtNm P]nXzm ¯n-epÅ DIvYs¯ EIv F¶v Adn-bp¶ Úm\nsb am AkvamIw {]mtW\ {]Pbm ]ip`n cm]ym-btemI-¯nse alXzw B{K-ln-¡p¶ kIe Pohn-Ifpw bnjvTm tbm Akvam³ tZzjvSn bw N hbw Zznjva ]qPn-¡p-¶p. Dà-¯n bPpÀ _p²n-tNÀ¶ D]m-k-Is\ kvXky-{]m-tW\ {]Pbm ]ip`n cm]ymb tkzXn al-Xz-Imw-£n-IÄ klm-bn-¡p¶p DIvY-¯n kma-_p²n ssZho-a m-h rX amhÀ¯ BZn-X y-k ym-h rX a\zmtNÀ¶ km[-Is\ DXvIÀtj-Ñp-¡Ä \a-kvI-cn-¡p-¶p. hÀ¯ CXn Z£nWw _mlp-a-\zm-hÀ¯-tX.
DIvYs¯ {io`m-th\ D]m-kn-¡mw. AXn btim-`mhw D­v. tXPÊv F¶ \ne-bnepw AXv D]m-kn-¡mw. t{ijvTamb [\pÊv iàn k¼¶hpw Gsd tXtPm-a-bhpw Bbncn-¡p-¶Xp-t]mse Cu cl-ky-a-dn-bp-¶h³ t{ijvT\pw bi-kznbpw {iok-¼-¶-\p-am-Ip-¶p. Iujo-XIn alÀjn¡v aq¶p Xh-W-bp-­mb A\p`qX D]m-k-\sb-¸än-bmWv C\n ]d-bp-¶-Xv. CS-¯p-`m-K¯n-cp¶v BN-an-¡pI; ]ns¶ ]m{Xw hnip² \nÀ½e Pew sIm­v aq¶p-{]m-hiyw \nd-bv¡p-I. ]ns¶ DZb kqcy\v AÀLyw sImSp¯v ]d-bWw "{]]-©s¯ XrW CjvSn-Im-c-Nn-X- amb thZn-bn k©nX IÀ½- bp- à-amb Xpeyw XyPn-¡p-Ibm A§sb hÀ¤w F¶v ]d-bp-¶p. {]mWm-ánsb Bß kzcq-]¯n kzoI-cn-¨p. EXzn¡v Fsâ ]m]w \in-¸n-¡p-I. ]ns¶ a[ym-Ó-¯n kqcys\ Bß-kw- kvImcw sN¿-Ww. bÖpÀth-Z-hn-[n- {]- Imcw kn²\a-kvI-cn¨v ]d-bpI' "A§sb DZzÀ¤w F¶v ]d-bp-¶p. amb IÀ½-§Ä A\p-jvTn-¡-Ww. bÖpÀth-Zob IÀ½Fsâ ]m]w \in-¸n¡p. kÔym-Im-e¯pw C§s\ ]d§-fn EtKz-Zkn-²-IÀ½-§sf tbmPn-¸n-¡p-Ibpw kmabWw:þ A§sb kwhÀ¤w F¶p ]d-bp-¶p. Fsâ ]m]th-Zm-\p-kr-X -§-fmb A\p-j vTm-\-§Ä kap-N n-X -ambn §sf AI-äp-I, Cu D]m-k-\bpsS ]cn-Wn-X^-eambn tbmPn-¸n-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-t¼mÄ ]qÀ®-amb ^e-kn-²n-bpa\p-jy-a\Êv ]cn-ip-²-am-Ip-¶p. Ah³ cm{Xntbm ]Item ­m-Ip-¶p. aq¶p thZ-hn-Zy-bp-tSbpw Bßmhv A[z-cy-amHcn-¡epw ]m]w sN¿p-¶n-Ã. c­m-as¯ D]m-k\ ]dIp¶ {]mW-\m-Wv. {]mW³ Xs¶-bmWv Cu hnZy-bpsS bmw. Hmtcm amk-¯nepw Aam-hmky Znh-kw kqcy-a-WvUBßm-h.v {]mW-s\-¸än C§s\ Adn-bp¶ hyàn kzbw e-¯nsâ ]Sn-ªmdv `mK¯v ØnXn-sN-¿p¶ kpjpav\m {]mW-k-am-\-\m- Ip-¶p. civan-bn N{µ³ ØnXn- sN-¿p-¶Xv ImWmw. B L«-¯n CjvSn-Im-c-Nn-X- amb thZn-bn k©nX IÀ½- bp- à-amb kqcys\ ]qPn-¡Ww. AÀLy-¯n-\pÅ Pe-]m-{X-¯n {]mWm-ánsb Bß-kz-cq-]-¯n kzoI-cn-¨p. EXzn¡v c­p-]-¨-]p-Ãnsâ apf-sh¨p {]mÀ°n-¡-Ww. þ "N{µ-a-WvUBß-kw-kvImcw sN¿-Ww. bÖpÀthZ hn[n-{]-Imcw e-¯nsâ A[n-jvTm-{Xn-bmb tZhn kpµc `mh\ IeÀ¶ kn²-amb IÀ½-§Ä A\p-jvTn-¡-Ww. bÖpÀth-Zob `h-Xn-bpsS lrZbw N{µ-aWvU-e-¯n hncm-Pn-¡p-¶p. IÀ½-§-fn EtKz-Z-kn-²IÀ½-§sf tbmPn-¸n-¡p-Ibpw AXp aptJ\ tZhn Ah-\m-i-]-Zm-[n-Im-cn-Wn-bm-Wv. Rm³ -

6. Dàw {_tÒXn l kvaml ipjvI `rwKmcx XZr-K n-Xyp-]m-koX kÀhmWn lmkvssa `qXm\n t{ijvTym bm`yÀNyt´ XXv bÖp-cn-Xyp-]m-koX k À h mW n l m k vs s a `qX m\ n s s {i jvT y m bpPyt´ XXv k{io-c n- a -X yp-] m-k oX kÀhmWn lmkvssa `qXm\n ss{ijvTymb kw\-at´ XXv {iocn-Xyp-] m-koX XZyi CXyp-]m-koX Xt¯P CXyp-]m-ko-X. XZyssY XXv imkv{XmWmw {ioa¯- a w. bi-k zn-X aw tXP- k zn\w XtYm Gssh hnZzm³ kÀthjmw `qXm\mw {io¯tam bikzo Xax tXPkzo Xtam `h-X n. XtaX ssajvSIw IÀ½ abmXv am\w A[zcypx kwkv I - t cmXn Xkvan³, bÖpÀ abw {]h-bXn bPpÀab EIv abw tlmXm EIv a tb kma- a - b - a p- Z v K mXm k Gj kÀhssky {Xb hnZymbm Bssßj D Ghm kymßm GX Zmßm `hXn b Ghw thZ.

kma-th-Zm-\p-kr-X-§-fmb A\p-jvTm-\-§Ä kap-Nn-X-ambn tbmPn-¸n-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-t¼mÄ ]qÀ®-amb ^e-kn-²n-bp­m-Ip-¶p. aq¶p thZ-hn-Zy-bp-sSbpw Bßmhv A[z-cy-amIp¶ {]mW-\m-Wv. {]mW³ Xs¶-bmWv Cu hnZy-bpsS Bßm-h.v {]mW-s\-¸än C§s\ Adn-bp¶ hyàn kzbw {]mW-am-\-\m-Ip-¶p.

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I ]p{X-tim-I-¯m Hcn-¡epw ZpxJn¨v Ic-bm-Xn-cn-¡m³
F¶n Zb sN¿p-I.' C§s\ D]m-kn-¡p-¶-h³ ]p{Xhm-\m-sW-¦n Ahsâ ]p{X³ Abm-fpsS ac-W¯n\p ap¼v acn-¡n-Ã. ]p{X-lo-\-\m-sW-¦n ap¼n-e-s¯-t¸mse Xmsg kqNn-¸n-¡p¶ a{´w P]n-¡Ww. "tl \mco-cq-]bmb tkma, \o ]pcpj cq]n-bmb kqcysâ tXPÊv kzoIcn¨v {]hr-²am-¡p-I. DXv]-¯n¡v Imc-W`q-X-amb hocyamb tXPÊv \n¶n ØnXn sN¿-s «. \o A¶-{]m]vXn¡pw tlXp-hm-Ip-I. tkma, \o kuay-Kp-Whm-\m-Wv. \nsâ t{ijvT ckw ]pcp-jÀ¡v D]-Imcw sN¿p-¶Xpw iàn-Zm-b-Ihpw i{Xp-¡sf ]cm-Pb-s¸-Sp-¯m³ kaÀ°hp-am-Wv. B ckw Pohn-IÄ¡v A\m-bm-k-ambn e`n-¡pam-dm-I-s«. \o tXtPm-ab\mbn R§Ä¡v Aa-cXzw ssIhcp-¯p-I. kzÀ¤-¯n t{ijvT-amb biÊv {]Xn-jvTn-¡p-I.

kv{Xo cq]-amb tkmas¯ Zzm-Zim-Zn-Xy-·m-cmb ]pcpj-·mÀ X§-fpsS hocy-am-Ip¶ tXP-Êp-sIm­v B\-µn¸n-¡p-¶p. A£b _e-apÅ tkmaw ]m\w sN¿p-¶p. tkma-Xw-cw-K§-fm ss{XtemIy kwc-£-I\mb hcpW\pw _rl-kv]Xnbpw R§Ä¡v _ehpw B\-µhpw \ÂIp-am-cm-I-s«. tl tkma, \o R§-fpsS Poh³ {]PIÄ arK-§Ä F¶n-h-bn \nsâ hni¸v ian-¸n-¡cp-Xv. F¶m R§-tfmSv sshc-ap-Å-htcm R§Ä¡v sshc-apÅ-htcm Bb-h-cpsS Poh³ k´Xn arK-§Ä F¶n-hbn \o kwXr-]X\m-I-Ww. Rm³ Cu a{´-¯nsâ A[nv ]-\mb tZh-X-sbbpw \nsâ k©-b-\-{In-bsbbpw A\phÀ¯n- ¡p-¶- h-\m-Wv.' C§s\ E¡nsâ ]mT- §Ä klnXw C§s\ tkmas\ ]qPn-¨-Xn-\p-tijw ]Xv\n-bpsS he-Xp-`pPw A\zm-hÀ¯\w sN¿p-I. amÀhnSw kv]Àin¨v Ah-fpsS ASp-¯n-cp¶v C§s\ ]d6. AY ]qÀ®-amkymw ]pc-kvXmXv N{µ-a kw bWw:þ "t{ijvT-Im-a-\-ItfmSp IqSn-b-h-sf, \o tkma-cq-]nZriy-am\w D]-Xn-jvtTX GX-ssb-hm-hrXm tkmtam Wn-bm-Wv. \nsâ lrZbw {]P-Isf t]mjn-¸n-¡p-¶-Xm-Wv. cmPm kn hnN-£Wx ]©-aptJm kn {]Pm-]Xn AXn ØnXn sN¿p¶ tkma-a-WvUe k-Zr-i-amb {_mÒ-WkvX GIw apJw tX\ aptJ\ cmtÚm AarXw F\n-¡-dn-bmw. Cu kXy-I-Y-\-¯m ]p{X-timkvan tX\ aptJ\ amw A¶mZw Ipcp. cmPm X I-¯ m F\n-s ¡m-cn-¡ epw ZpxJn-¡ m-\ n- S-b m- I -cp- X v. GIw apJw tX\ aptJ\ hntimXv kntX\ aptJ\ C§s\ sNmÃn-bm km[-Isâ k´m-\§Ä Ah-\pap¼v arXn-b-S-bp-I-bn-Ã. amw A¶mZw Ipcp. tiy\kvXp GIw tX\ aptJ\

{]Xy-£-s¸-Sp-t¼mÄ N{µs\ \a-kvI-cn¨v Xmsg sImSp¡p¶ a{´w D¨-cn-¡Ww. "AÃtbm tkma, A§v temI¯nse {]IrXn cq]n-Wn-bmb Da-tbm-Sp-Iq-Snb tkma-s\¶p t]cpÅ cmPm-hm-Wv. A§v kÀh-Im-cy-Ip-i-e\pw ]©-apJ-\p-amb {]Pm-]-Xn-bm-Wv. {_mÒ-W³ A§-bpsS Hcp apJ-am-W.v B apJw sIm­v A§v £{Xnb cmPm-¡-·msc `£n-¡p-¶p. B apJw sIm­p-Xs¶ Fs¶ A¶w `£n¡p-¶-Xn\pw Zl-\-¯n\pw ià-\m-¡pw. £{Xn-b³ A§bpsS Hcp apJ-am-Wv. AXp-sIm­v A§v sshiy-·msc `£n-¡p-¶p. AtX-apJw sIm­v A§v Fs¶ A¶ `£W-¯n\pw Zl-\-¯n\pw ià-\m-¡p-I. tiy\w A§-bpsS Hcp apJ-am-Wv. AXp-sIm­v A§v ]£n-Isf `£n-¡p¶p. B apJw sIm­v A§p Fs¶ A¶ `£-W¯n\pw Zl-\-¯n\pw kaÀ°-\m-¡p-I. Aán A§-bpsS Hcp apJ-am-W.v AXp-sIm­v A§v Cu {]]-©s¯ `£n¡p-¶p. B apJw sIm­v A§v Fs¶ A¶ `£-I\m¡p-I. A§-bpsS A©m-as¯ apJw sIm­v A§v kÀh{]m-Wn-I-sfbpw `£n-¡p-¶p. AXp-sIm­v A§v Fs¶ A¶-t`m-Pn-bm-¡p-I. A§v Fsâ {]mW³ {]P arK-§Ä F¶nh H¶n-s\bpw \in-¸n-¡cp-Xv. R§-fpsS i{Xp-¡fpsS {]mW-s\bpw {]P-I-sfbpw arK-§-sfbpw \in-¸n-¡pI. Rm³ a{´m- [n- ]- Xn- bmb tZh-X- sbbpw A§-bpsS k©c- W -{ In- b - s bbpw A\p-h À¯n-¡ p¶ Iq«- ¯ n- e m-W v .' C§s\ at{´m-¨m-c-W-t¯msS hes¯ `pPw A\zmhÀ¯\w sN¿p-I.

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]£n-tWmÕn tX\ aptJ\ am A¶mZw IpÀhánjvS GIw apJw tX\ aptJ\ Caw temI-aÕn tX\ aptJ\ ama-¶mZw Ipcp Xzbn ]©aw apJw tX\ aptJ\ kÀhmWn `qXm-\ykvXn tX\ aptJ\ ama-¶mZw Ipcp. am kvamcw {]mtW\ {]Pbm ]ip`n-cht£-]jvSm tbm kvam³ tZzjvSn bw Nhbw - Zznjva-kvX ky {]mtW\ {]Pbm ]ip-`n-c]£ob - tkzXn ssZho-am-hrXm amhr¯ BZn-Xykym hrXa-\zm-h À¯ CXn `£nWw _lp-am-\zm-h -¯ -tX. AY kwth-iy³ Pmbssb lrZ-b-a-`n-ar-ti-Zyt¯ kpkota lrZtb lnX a´x {]Pm-]Xu at\ylw amw XZv hnZzmwkw tX\ am lw ]u{X-alw cpZanXn \lm-kvamXv ]qÀhmx {]Pmx ss{]Xo-Xn.
A\-´cw hyXy-kvXamb Hcp D]m-k-\sb¸änbmWv ]d-bp-¶-Xv. ]uÀ®an Znhkw kÔybv¡v Ing¡p Zn¡nÂ

7. AY t{]mjym-b³ ]p{Xky aqÀ[m-\a -`n-arti-Xv. AwKm-Zw-KmXv kw`-hkn lrZ-bm-Z-[n-Pm-btk Bßm Xzw ]p{X-am-hn[ k Poh icZx iX-a-kmhnXn \mamky KrlvWm-Xn. Aivam `h ]c-ipÀ `h. lnc-Wy-a-kvXyXw `h. tXtPm ssh]p-{X-\mamkn k Poh icZx iX- a m-k m-h nXn \mamky KrlvWmXn tb\ {]Pm-]Xnx {]Pmx ]cy-Kr-lvWmXv AcnjvssSy tX\ Xzm ]cn-Kr-lvW may kmhn{Xn \mamky KrlvWmXn AYmky Z£ntW IÀt® P]Xy kvssa {]bÔn aL-h¶p Pohn-jn-¶n-Xo{µ t{ijvTm\n {Zhn-Wm\n tZloXn kthy amÑn°m am hyYnjvSm iXw icZ Bbptjm Poh-]p{X tX \mav\m apÀ[m \a-h-Pn-{Lm-hy-km-hn-X n-{XnÀapÀ[m\-a-hPn-t{LXv Khmw Xzm ln¦m-tc-Wm-`nlnw ItcmaoXn {XnÀ aqÀ[m\ a`n lnw Ipcym-Xv.

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A\y tZi-¯p-\n¶pw Xncn-s¨-¯nb ]nXmhv Xsâ ]p{Xsâ inc-Ên {LmWn¨v C§s\ ]d-bWw:þ AwK¯nÂ\n¶pw lrZ-b-¯n \n¶pw D­m-b-h\m-Wv. \o Fs¶ \c-I-¯n \n¶v c£n-¨p. \o \qdp-hÀjw Pohn¨n-cn-¡p-I. \o hwi-]c-¼-csb hnÑn-¶-am-¡n-¯oÀ¡-cp-Xv. a\km hmNm ico-tcW \o Hcn-¡epw ]oUn-X\mbn Xoccp-Xv. ]ip AXnsâ InSm-hns\ hnfn-¡m³ i_vZap-­m¡p-¶Xp-t]mse Rm\pw \ns¶ kvt\l-]qÀhw hnfn-¡pI-bm-Wv. C§s\ ]dªv kqNn-¸n-¡-s¸-«n-«pÅ a{´-§Ä bYm-hn[n sNmÃ-Ww.

{]mW-§-fn-se-¯p-¶p. ho­pw {]mW-§-fn \n¶pw Cu kÀh iàn-Ifpw BhnÀ`-hn-¡p-¶p. Cu hn]-cn-Wm-a-s¯¸-än-bpÅ Úm\w kn²n¨ hyàn-bpsS BÚ ]Àh-X¯n- \ p- t ]mepw A\m- Z - cn- ¡ m³ km[y- a - à . Ahs\ FXnÀ¡p-¶- hÀ¡v \mi-amWv ]cn- Wm-aw. Cu hn[w ImWpIbpw Nn´n-¡p-Ibpw tIÄ¡p-Ibpw aäpw sN¿p¶ inip Xs¶-bmWv {]mW³.

K

Hcn-¡Â hm¡v N£pÊv t{im{Xw a\Êv F¶nhbpsS tZh-X-amÀ Al-¦m-cn-I-fmbn X§-fpsS t{ijvTXzw Øm]n¡p-¶-Xn-\mbn {]mW-t\m-sSm¸w ico-c-¯n \n¶pw ]pd¯p-t]m-bn. AXn-\p-tijw Cu C{µn-b-§-fpsS tZh-X-amÀ Hmtcm-cp-¯-cmbn ico-c-¯n {]th-in-¨p. A§s\ {]thin-¨-tXmsS icocw kwkm-cn-¡p-¶-Xn\pw ImWp-¶-Xn\pw tIÄ¡p-¶-Xn\pw Nn´n-¡p-¶-Xn\pw B-cw-`-am-bn. F¶m {]mW³ CÃm-Xn-cp-¶-Xp-sIm­v th­ hn[-¯n Imcy£-aX {]ZÀin-¸n-¡m³ AhÀ¡v Ign-ªn-Ã. AtXmsS kIe C{µn-b-§Ä¡pw {]mWsâ alXzw AwKo-Icn¡msX Xc-an-söp h¶p. {]mW-\mWv kÀthm-]cn alXz-sa-¶Xv Ah-scÃmw k½-Xn-¨p. BImi kzcq-]§-fmbn tZh-]-cn-k-c-s¯-¸-än-bmWv C\n ]d-bp-¶-Xv. Cu euIn- AhÀ kzÀ¤-¯n-se¯nx Aar-X-Xzhpw ssI hcn-¨p. Imán ian-¡p-t¼mÄ AXm-bXv acn-¡p-t¼mÄ AXnsâ 10. AYmXx ]nXm ]p{Xobw kw {]Zm-\anXn N tXPÊv kqcy-\n-tebv¡v t]mIp-¶p. kqcy³ ad-bp-t¼mÄ BN-£-tX. ]nXm ]p{Xw t{]jvT -¶m-l z-bXn \ AXnsâ tXPÊv N{µ-\n-tebv¡v t]mIp-¶p. AXp-t]mse N{µsâ tXPÊv hnZyp-¯nepw hnZyp-¯n-sâXv hmbp-hnepw sshXr-ssW-cw-Kmcw kwkvXocy Aánw D]m-k-am{]th-i n-¡p-¶p. AtX {]Im-c-¯n Xs¶ a\p-j y³ [mb DZ-I pw`w k{]m-{X-a p-] - \ n-[ mb Bl-t X\ hm¡p aptJ\ F´mtWm? kwkm-cn-¡p-¶Xv AXv {_Ò- hmkkm kw{]-Ѷx kzbw tiyX GXy ]p{X\ cq]w Xs¶-bm-Wv. hm¡v Ah-km-\n-¡p-t¼mÄ AXnsâ D]-cn-jvSm-Z-`n-\ n-] -Zy-tX. C{µn-s sb-c -tky-{µn-bmWn tXPÊv N£p- Ên {]th-in- ¡p-¶p. N£pÊv AS- bp-t¼mÄ kwkv ] r- i y m]n hm A`n- a p- J X Gh m k oX AXnsâ iàn ImXp-Ifn {]th-in-¡p-¶p. ImXnsâ AYmkvssa kw{]-b-ÑXn hmNw ta Xzbn Z[m-\oXn iàn Ah-km-\n-¡p-t¼mÄ AXv a\-Ên sNs¶-¯p- ]nXm hmNw tX abn Z[ CXn ]p{Xx {]mWw ¶p. a\Êv \njv{In-b-am-bn-¯o-cp-t¼mÄ AXnsâ tXPÊv taXzbn Z[m-\oXn ]nXm {]mWw tX abn Z[ CXn

8. AYmtXm tZhx ]cn-kcx GXssZz {_Òm-Zn]ytX bZ-á nÀ PzeXn X{·n-btX b¶ PzeXn Xkym-ZnXy tah tXmtPm KÑXn hmbpw {]mWx GXssZz {_Ò Zo]ytX bZm- Z ntXy ZriytX AssY-X-{·n-btX X¶ Zriy tX Xky N{µ-amk tah tXtPm KÑXn hmbpw {]mWx GXssZz {_ÒZo-]ytX XZv hnZyp-tZym-XtX AssYX {·nbXv b¶ hntZym-XtX Xky hmbp-tah tXtPm KÑXn hmbpw {]mWx Xm hmw GXmx kÀhmx tZhXm hmbp-tah {]hniy hmbu arXm-\-NvOt´ Xkvam-ss²h ]p\cp-`o-cX CXyZn ssZh-Xw. AYm-[ymßw GXssZz {_Ò Zo]ytX bZzm-Nm-b-ZXy ssYX-{an-btX b¶ hZXn Xky {_Ò-Z o-]ytX b¨-£ pjm ]iyXn GX-Xv·v#n-btX b¶ ]iyXn Xky t{im{X tah tXmtPm KÑXn {]mWw {]mWx GXssZz {_Ò-Zo]ytX b·-\ km [ymbXy ssYX-{·n-btX b¶ [ymbXn Xky {]mW-tah tXtPm-KÑXn. {]mWx - Xm Gh GXm kÀhmx tZhXmx {]mW-tah {]hniy {]mW-¢n]vXm \ aqÀOt´ Xkvam ssZzh ]p\-cpZo-c-tX. ZXy-Znl hm Ghw hnZzmw k D`u ]Àh-Xmh`n {]hÀt¯-bmXmw XpkvXqÀj-amWm `£n-WtÝm-¯-cÝ \ssl-ssh\w kvXrWzo-bmXmw AY b G\w Zznj´n bmwÝ kzbw tZzjvSn X G\w kÀth ]cn- {an-b - t´. irWz³ a\km [ymb³ inipx Gh AssY-\Xv at\m {]hn-thi XZv hm Nmh- Z ¨£pjm. ]iyXv t{imt{XW irWz³ a\km [ymb³ inipx Ghm-ssY-\Xv {]mW.

9. AYmtXm \nx t{ib-km-Zm\w kÀhm l ssh tZhXm Alw t{ibtk hnh-Z-am\mx AkvamZv icocmXv D¨-{Iapx X±m-cp-`qXw intcm ssY\Xv hm¡v {]hn-thi XZzmNm hZ-Ñnipx Gh AssY-\-Ý£px {]hn-thi XZzmNm Ah-Z -¨ £p jm ]iy-Ñnipx Ghm ssY\Xv {]mWx {]hn-thi XZzm-N m-h-Z -¨£pjm ]iyXv t{imt{XW irWz³ a\-km-[ymb³ inip Ghm ssY\Xv {]mWx {]hn-th-iX¯X - Gh kap-¯Øu tXtZhm {]mtW \nt{i-bkw hnZnXzw {]mW-tah {]Úm-ßm\w A`nkw `qb ksslssXx kÀssh-c-kvamXv temImXv D¨-{Iapx tX hmbp {]XnjvT m BIm-i m- ß m\x kzco- bpkvXYm Gsshhw hnZzm³ kÀthjmw `qXm\mw {]mW-tah {]Úm-ßm\ a`n kw`qb ksslXx kÀssh-c-kvamXv ico-cmXv DXv{Im-aXn k hmbp {]Xnjv T BIm- i m- ß m- k z- t cXn k XZv `hXn Xss{XtX tZhmk XXv {]m]y XZ-artXm `hXn bZ-arXmx tZhmx

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I ]p{Xx N£pÀ ta Xzbn Z[m-\oXn ]nXm. N£pkvtX-abn Z[ CXn ]p{Xx t{im{Xw ta Xzbn Z[m\oXn ]nXm t{km{Xw ta abn Z[ CXn ]p{Xx A¶m-c-kmXv ta Xzbn Z[m-\o-Xn. ]nXm A¶ ckmw kvtX abn Z[ CXn ]p{Xx IÀ½mWn ta Xzbn Z[m-\o-Xn. ]nXm IÀ½mWn ta abn Z[ CXn. ]p{Xx kpJ ZpxtJ ta Xzbn Z[m-\ o- X n. ]nXm kpJ ZpxJtX abn Z[ CXn. ]p{Xx B\µw cXnw {]PmXow tX abn Z[ CXn. ]p{X CXymta Xzbn Z[m-\oXn ]nXm CXymkvtX abn Z[ CXn ]p{Xx [ntbm hnÚm-Xhyw Imam³ ta Xzbn ZnZm-\oXn ]nXm [ntbm hnÚm-Xhyw Imamw kvtX abn Z[ CXn ]p{Xx AY Z£nWm hpXv {]mMp ]\n jv{IaXnXw ]nXm \p a{´-btX btim {_Ò hÀ¨ ka-¶mZyw IoÀ¯n kvXzmÖpj Xman-XytY Xcx khyw ka-\z-t]-£tX ]mWn\m A´À [mb hk\m-t´\ hm{]-ÑmZy kzÀ¤mXv temImXv I Imam \m]v\ p loXn kbcy KZx kymXv ]p{XssWy iztcy ]nXm- k - h - t kXv ]cn- h m- t P- Z yZyp ssh t{]bmZy tZssh\w kam-]-bmXn XYm. kam-]bn Xthym `hXn XYm kam-]-bn-Xthym `h-Xn. CXn ZznXo-tbm-[ym-bx

b. kXyw lo{µx ktlm-hm-N. am tah hnPm-\oln GX-tZ-h mlw a\p-jymb lnX-Xaw at\y-b³amw hnPm-\o-bm-Xv. {Xn{io-ioÀjmWmw Xzmjv{S-a-l-\-acp³ap-Jm-\y-Xo³ kmem-hr-tI`yx {]mbÑw hÓox kw[m AXn-{Iay Znhn {]ËmZo bm\-XrW al-a´-cot£ ]utem-am³ ]rYnhymw Ime-Jm-\-Pm³. Xky ta X{X \ tema N am aob-tX. ktbm amw hnPm-\o-bm-¶mky tI\ N IÀ½Wm temtIm aobtX. \ amXr-ht[\ \ ]nXr-h-t[\ \ kvtXtb\ \ {`qW-lXybm \mky ]m]w N\-N-Irtjm apJm¶oew th XoXn.

K

Znthm-Zm-ksâ ]p{X-\mb {]XÀ±-\³ Hcn-¡Â kzÀ¤¯n t]mbn. At±-l-¯nsâ bp² NmXp-cyhpw ]pcpjmÀ°hpw I­v C{µ³ hfsc k´p-jvS-\mbn C§s\ ]dªp:þ "Rm³ A§bv¡v F´p hcw XcWw?' {]XÀ±\³ ]dªp: "tZh-cm-P³, A§v GsXmcp hkvXp-hmtWm a\pjy PmXn¡v awK-f-Im-cn-sb¶p a\-Ên-em-¡p-¶Xv AXv Xcq. hcw A§p-Xs¶ Xnc-sª-Sp- ¡p- I.' AXp- tI«v C{µ³ ]dªp:þ "hcw Bcpw A\yÀ¡p-th­n tNmZn-¡m-dn-Ã.' AXn- \m A§-bvs¡-´m- h-iytam AXv tNmZn-¡mw. {]ZÀ±\³ ]d-ªp. A§-s\-sb-¦n F\n¡v Hcp hchpw tNmZn¡m-\n-Ã. C{µ³ GXm-bmepw hm¡n \n¶v ]n³am-dn-bnXsâ A´y-Imew kao-]n-¨p-sh¶v t_m[yw h¶m Ã. kXy-kz-cq-]\mb C{µ³ ]dªp:þ "{]XÀ±-\, A§v ]nXm-hn\v ]p{Xs\ hnfn¨v Xsâ {]mW-i-ànsb Ah- Fs¶ a\-Ên-em-¡p-I. a\p-jy-Pm-Xn¡v Fs¶ \Ã-t]mse \n {]Xn-jvTn- ¡m-hp-¶- Xm-Wv. AXn-\mbn AbmÄ ]p{Xsâ a\-Ên-em-¡p-¶XmWv awK-fI-cw.' kÀhmw-K-§fpw kv]Àin¨v Xsâ hm¡v, {]mW³ {LmWw {]Pm- ]-Xn-bpsS ]p{X-\mb hniz-cq-]-s\¶ {Xnin-c-Êns\ N£pÊv t{im{Xw A¶-ckw IÀ½w kpJ ZpxJ-§Ä Rm³ h{Pm-bp-[-¯m l\n-¨p. B{i-a{`-jvS-cmb k\ymk´m-t\m-Xv]m-Z\ iàn k©m-c-iàn _p²n apX-emkn-amsc AwK-`wKw hcp¯n Ipdp-\cn-IÄ¡v sImSp-¯p. bh Ah\v {]Zm\w sN¿mw. ]p{X\v Ah kzoI-cn-¡m-hp{]ËmZ ]cn-Nm-c-Icmb cm£-k³amsc sIm¶pw {]tem¶- Xm-W.v AXn- \p- tijw ]nXmhv Pohn-¨n-cn- ¡p- I-bm-sW-¦n am-kp-csâ ]cn-Nm-I-scbpw Ime-Im-iy-sc¶ ssZXy-scbpw ]p{Xs\ B{i-bn¨v Ign-ªp-Iq-Sp-Itbm k\ymkw kzoIsIms¶m-Sp-¡n. AXp-sIm-s­m¶pw F\n¡v £oWw `hncn¨v Krlw ssI shSn-bp-Itbm Bhmw. A§s\ ]p{X\v ¨n-Ã. C§s\ Fs¶ a\-Ên-em-¡n-bm Abm-fpsS ]pWy]nXm-hnsâ kÀh iànIfpw ssI hcn-¡m³ Ignbpw temIw A£p-®am-bn-cn-¡pw. Fsâ bYmÀ° kzcq]w AtXmsS ]p{X³ ]nXm-hnsâ bYmÀ° A\-´cm-hIm{Kln-¨-hs\ Hcp ]m]hpw D]-{Z-hn-¡n-Ã. Ah³ Hcp ]m]in-bmbn `hn-¡p-¶p. ¯nepw ]¦m-fn-bm-In-Ã. ]m]-{]-hr¯n Pm{K-¯m-bmepw ]p{X-t\mSv ]nXmhv ]d-bp-¶Xpw ]p{X³ {]Xyp-¯-c- Ahsâ apJ¯v \oe-a-bp-­m-hn-Ã. ambn ]d-bp-¶Xp-amb hmIy-§-fmWv aqe-¯n DÄs¡m2. k tlm hmN {]mtWm kvan {]Úm-ßmXw Åp- ¶-Xv.

aq¶mw A²ymbw
1. {]XÀZt\m l ssZthm-Zm-kn-cn-{µky {]nbw [mtam-] -P -K m-a . bpt²\ N ]ucp-tjW N Xw tl{µx DhmNx {]XÀZ-\ , hcw tX ZZm \nXn. ktlm-hmN {]XÀZ\x Xztah hrWojz bw Xzw a\p-jymb lnX-Xaw a\yk CXn Xw tl{µ DhmNb \ ssh htcm Ah-ckvssa hrWo-tX. Xztah hrWo-tjy-tXyh ahtcm ssh Ine CXn tlm hmN. {]ZÀZ\x AY Jep C{µx kXym-tZh t\\m-

amam-bp-c-ar-Xan-Xyp-]m-kzm. Bbpx {]mWx {]mtWm hm Bbpx {]mW Ghm arXw bmhXv ln Akan³ icotc {]mtWm hkXn Xmh Zmbpx {]mtW\ ln Gh Akvan³ temtI AarX Xzam-]vt\m-Xn. {]tÚbm kXyw k¦ev]w k tbm aam-bp-car-X-an-Xyp-]mkvtX kÀh-am-bp-c-kvan³ temI bGXn. B]vt \mXn Aar-X Xzw A£nXnw kzÀt¤temtI Xss²I Blp-tcI `qbw ssh {]mWm KÑ-´o-Xn. \ ln IÝ\ iIv\p bmXv kIr-ZzmNm \ma-{]-Úm-]bnXpw N£pjm cq]w t{imt{XW i_vZw a\-km-[ymXpw CXn GI-`qbw ssh{]mWmx

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I GssI-I-ta-Xm-\n. kÀhm-tWym-h-{]-Úm-]-b´n
hmNw hZ´n kÀth {]mWm A\p-h-Z-´n. N£px ]iyXv kÀth {]mWmx A\p-] -i y´n t{im{Xw irWzXv kÀth {]mWm A\p-ir-W z-´n. {]mWw {]mWm´w kÀth {]mWmx A\p- {]m- W -´ o-X n. Gh apssl-X-Z nXn tl{µ DhmN AkvX n-tXzh {]mWm\mw \nx t{ib-k-an-Xn.
ho­pw C{µ³ ]d-ªp. "Rm³ {]Ú- bpsS km£mXv cq]-amb {]mW-\m-Wv. B {]mW\pw {]Úm-cq-]amb Bßm-thmSp IqSn-b-hs\¶pw Adn-ªn-«pÅ C{µ-\mb Fs¶ Bbp-Êm-sW¶pw Aar-X-am-sW¶pw IcpXn D]mkn-¡p-I. {]mW³ Aar-X-am-Ip-¶p. AXp-Xs¶ Bbp-Êpw. Bbp-Êp-Xs¶ {]mW³. Cu tZl-¯n {]mW³ DÅn-St¯mfw am{Xta Bbp-Êp-Åq. F¶m {]mW-cq-]n-bmb Pohn ]c-tem-I¯p t]mbn Aar-X-¯nsâ B\µw A\p`-hn-¡p-¶p. {]Ú aptJ-\ -bmWv kXym-k -Xy-§-fpsS \nÀ®-bw. C{µ-\mb Fs¶ Bbp-sʶpw Aar-X-sa¶pw IcpXn D]m-kn-¡p-¶-h³ temI-¯n ]qÀ®m-bp-Êp-hsc Pohn-¨n-cp¶v kzÀ¤ {]m]vXn-¡p-tijw Hcn-¡epw \jvSam-I m¯ Aar- X - X z- ¯ nsâ B\µw A\p-` - h n- ¡ pw. {]mWs\ kw_-Ôn-¨n-S-t¯mfw Nne ]WvUn-X·mÀ ]dbp-¶Xv FÃm {]mW-§fpw Htc `mhw tNÀ¶-Xm-sW-¶mWv. HcmÄ¡pw ImXp-sIm­v tIÄ¡m\pw a\-Êp-sIm-­v Nn´n-¡m\pw I®p-sIm­v ImWm\pw hm¡p-sIm­v ]dbm\pw Hcp-an¨v km[y-a-Ã. Ah-sb-s¡m-­pÅ A\p-`hw {]tXyIw {]tXyIw ka- b-¯m-Wv. a\Êp Nn´n-¡p¶ L«¯n asäÃm {]mW-§fpw AXp-ambn kl-Icn¨v Nn´ma-b-am-Ip-¶p. t\{Xw Fs´-¦nepw ImWp-t¼mÄ aäp {]mW§Ä AXns\ A\p-k-cn-¡p-¶p. hm¡v Fs´-¦nepw ]dbp-t¼mÄ aäp {]mW-§Ä AXnsâ klm-bn-I-fm-Ip-¶p. ImXp tIÄ¡p- t¼mgpw A§-s\-¯-s¶. {][m\ {]mWsâ Imcy-¯n aäp {]mW-§ Ä kl-I-cn-¡ p-¶ p. C{µ³ ]dªp: ""FÃm {]mW-§fpw H¶p-Xs¶. Cu ]©-{]mW-§fpw IeymW kzcq-]n-I-fmWv F¶ Imcyw bYmÀ°a-s{X.''

Xkvam-t Z-X-tZh D]m-ko-X . tbm ssh {]mWx km {]Úm bm hm {]Úm k {]mWx k ln GXm-h -k va n³ icotc hkXx ktlmXv {Ima-X kvXssky Gjm Gh ZrjvSnx GXXv hnÚm-\w. b{X GXXv ]pcpjx kp]vXx kz]v\w \ I©\ ]iy- X yYmkv a n³ {]mW Gh GIYm `h-´ n. XssZ\w hmIv kÀsshÀ\m- a `nx klm- t ]yXn t{im{Xw kÀsshx i_vssZx ktlm-]ytX a\x kÀsshx [ymss\x klm-t]yXn k kZm {]Xn_p-[ytX bYm-táÀ Pze\x kÀhm-Zntim hniv]penwKm hn{]-Xn-jvtT-c-t¶h ta Ghw Xkvam Zmß\x {]mWm bYm bX\w hn{]-Xn-jvTt´ {]mtWt`ym tZhm tZtht`ym temIm. Xky Gjm Gh kn²nx GXZv hnÚm\w. bss{X-XXv ]pcpj BÀt¯m acn-j y-¶ m-_ eyw t\yXy kt½mlw t\yX-a-X ` lpx DZ-{I-a o-¨ n¯w \ irtWmXn \ ]iyXn \ hmNm hZXn \ [ymb-Xy-Ym-kvan³ {]mW Gssh IYm `hXn XssZ\w hmIv kÀsshÀ \ma`nx klmt]yXn t{im{Xw kÀsshx i_vssZx ktlm-t]yXn a\x kÀsshx [ymss\x klm-t]yXn bZm {]Xn_p-[ytX bYm-táÀ PzetXm hnkv^p-enwKm hn{]Xn-jvtT-c-t¶-h-ta-sshX kvamZm-ß\x {]mWm bYmb-X \w hn{]-Xn-jvTt´ {]mtWt`ym tZhm tZth t`ym temImx

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3. PohXn hmK-t]tXm aqIm³ ln ]iymtam Pohn-Xn. N£p ct] tXm AÔm³ ln ]iymtam PohXn t{im{Xm t]tXm _[n-cm³ ln ]iymtam Poh-Xn. at\m t]tXm _mem³ ln ]iymtam PohXn. _mlp-Ñnt¶m Poh-Xyp-cp-Ñn¶ CXnx Ghw ln ]iyma CXn. AY Jep {]mW Gh {]ÚmXv taZw icocw ]cn-Kr-tlym-°m-]-b-Xn.
hm¡v CsÃ-¦nepw a\p-jy³ Pohn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. aqI-\mb hyàn CXn-¶p-Zm-l-cWam-W-tÃm. AÔ\pw Pohn-¨n-cn- ¡p¶p. _[n-c\pw acn-¡p-¶n-Ã. a\-Èà n-bn-sÃ-¦nepw inip-¡Ä Pohn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. ssIIm-ep-Itfm aäv AwK§tfm \jvS-s¸-«-hcpw Pohn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p­v F¶m {]mW\n- Ãm¯ ]£w bmsXm-cmÄ¡pw Hcn-¡epw Pohn-¨n-cn- ¡m³ Ign-bp-¶n-Ã.

AXn-\m AXn-s\-¯s¶ D]m-kn-¡p-I. {Inbm-i-ànbpsS t_m[-ap-­m-¡p¶ {]mW³ Xs¶-bmWv Úm\¯n {]hÀ¯n-¡p¶ {]Úm-ß-I-amb Bßm-hv. AXpX-s¶-bmWv tZls¯ FÃm `mK-¯ p-\ n¶pw {Kln¨v hyXykvX IÀ½-§Ä sN¿n- ¡p-¶- Xv. AXn-\m Cu {]mWs\-¯s¶ DIvY-sa¶p IcpXn D]m-kn-¡-Ww. {]mW-cq-]¯n {]kn-²am-bn-«pÅXpXs¶ {]Ú. {]Úbpw {]mW\pw ico-c-¯ n Hcp-an¨v Ign-bp-¶ p. {]mW-ab {_Òs¯ kw_-Ôn¨ Úm\w CXm-Wv. Pohn-IÄ apJy {]mW-\n GIo-`-hn-¡p-t¼mÄ kz]v\w ImWp-I-bn-Ã. B ØnXn-bn Pohn-IÄ Xsâ \ma-§-tfmSpw t\{XmZn C{µnb-§-Ä a\Êv F¶nh-tbm-Sp-sam¯v apJy {]mW-\n ebn¡p-¶p. Fcn-bp¶ Xobn \n¶v Xos¸m-cn-I \mep-]mSpw NnX-dp-¶p. AXp-t]mse a\p-jy³ Úm\w t\Snb tijw {]mW-\m-Ip¶ Bßm-hn \n¶pw hm¡v apX-emb FÃm {]mW-§fpw ]pd-s¸«v AXm-Xnsâ Øm\-§-fn {Kln¡p-¶p. ]n¶oSv Ah-bn \n¶pw Aán XpS-§nb tZh·mÀ {]Xy-£s¸«v hn`n¶ {]hÀ¯-\§Ä \S-¯m-\pÅ Imc-W-ambn¯ocp-¶p. {]mW-cq-]amb Bßm-hnsâ kn²n-sb-¸-än-bm-sW-¦n a\p- jy³ tcmKn-bmbn acn-¡m³ XpS- §p- t¼mÄ Ah³ iàn lo\\pw sslX\y cln-X\p-am-Ip-¶p. At¸mÄ Ah\v ]cn-N-b- ¡m-sctbm {]nb P\-§-sftbm Xncn- ¨-dn- bm³ iànbn-Ã. B Ah-Øbv¡v {]mtWm-Xv{I-aWw F¶p ]d-bp¶p. B L«-¯n Ah³ Fs´-¦nepw ]d-bp-Itbm

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106

I tIÄ¡p-Itbm a\-Ên-em-¡p-Itbm sN¿p-¶n-Ã. tIhew
{]mW-§-fn ebn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. At¸mÄ \ma, cq], i_vZ Nn´m-Zn-IÄ {]mW-\n ebn-¡p-¶p. F¶m ac-Wm-\´cw Ah³ ]p\ÀP·w kzoI-cn-¡pt¼mÄ Pzen-¡p¶ Aán-bn Xos¸m-cn-IÄ ]pd-s¸-Sp-¶-Xp-t]mse {]mW-cq]n-bmb Bßm-hn \n¶pw ]©-{]m-W-§fpw ]pd-s¸«v Ah-cpsS Øm\w kzoI-cn-¡p-¶p. Ah-bpsS A[n-jvTmXm-hmb Aán apX-emb tZh-X-IÄ {]Xy-£-s¸«v temIw \maw XpS-§n-b-hsb bYm-tbmKyw ssIs¡m-Åp-¶p.

4. k bZm Akv a mXv ico- c mXv DXv{ Im-a Xn kssl ssh ssXx kÀssh- c p-X v{ Im- a Xn hmKkvamXv kÀhmWn \mam\n A`n-hn-kr-P-tX. hmNm kÀhmWn \mam\n B]vt\m-Xn. {]mtWm kvam³ kÀhm³ KÔm³ B]v t \m- X n. N£p- c - k v a mXv kÀhmWn cq]mWn A`n- h n- k r- P - tX. N£pjm kÀhmWn cq]mWn B]vt \m-Xn. t{imX-a-kva mXv kÀhm³ i_vZ m³ A`n-hn-kr-P-tX. at\m-kvamXv kÀhmWn [ym\m\n A`n- h n- k r- P - t X. a\km kÀhmWn [ym\m\n B]vt\m-Xn. sskjm {]mtW kÀhm]vXnx tbm ssh {]mWx km {]Úm bm hm {]Úm k {]mWx kl- t ]yXm hkv a n³ icotc hkXx ktlmXv {Ima-Xx. AY Jep bYm Assky {]Úmssb kÀhmWn `qXm\n GIw `h-Xn. XZv hymJym kymax
icocw hn«p-t]m-Ip¶ Pohn DXv{I-an-¡p¶ L«-¯n AXv FÃm C{µn-b-§fpw tNÀ¶mWv DXv{I-an-¡p-¶-Xv. At¸mÄ hm¡v kIe \ma- §- sfbpw XyPn-¡p-¶p. {LmtW{µnbw KÔ-c-ln-X-am-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. t\{X-§Ä bmsXm¶pw ImWm³ iàn-bn-Ãm-¯-h-bmbn `hn-¡p-¶p. sNhn kÀhi-_vZ§-sfbpw shSn-bp-¶p. a\Êv Nn´n-¡m-\p-X-Ip¶ kIe hnj-b-§-sfbpw ]cn-Xy-Pn-¡p-¶p. C§s\ {]mWcq-]n-bmb Bßm-hn kIe C{µn-b-§fpw kaÀ¸n-¡-s¸Sp-¶p. Ah X§-fpsS hnj-b-§sf ]qÀ®-ambpw ]cn-XyPn-¡p-I- bm-W.v {]Ú F¶v ]d-b p- ¶ Xp Xs¶-b mWv {]mW³. {]mW³ Xs¶ {]Ú. c­pw tZl-¯n tNÀ¶v Ign-bp¶p. Hcp-an¨p Xs¶ c­pw DXv{I-an-¡p-¶p. {]Ú-bn C§-s\-bmWv kÀh-`q-X-§fpw GIo-`-hn-¡p-¶Xv F¶v hniZo-I-cn-¡mw.

thhmkym GI-a m-{X-a p-Z q-V w. Xtbm IÀ½ ]ckvXmXv {]Xn-hn-lnXm `qX-am-{Xm. ico-c-ta-hmkym GI awK-ap-ZqVw Xky kpJ ZpxtJ ]c-kvXmXv {]Xn hnlnXm `qX-am-{Xm. D]Ø Ghmkym GI awK-ap-ZqVw Xkym-\tµm cXnx {]PmXnx ]c-kvXmXv {]Xn-h n-lnXm `qX-am-{Xm. ]mZm-th-hmkym GIaw Kap-Zq-Vw. Xtbm-c nXym ]c-kvXmXv {]Xn-hn-ln-Xm`qX am{Xm {]tÚ - h mky GI - a w- K - a p - Z qVw Xssky [ntbm. hnÚm-Xmhyw Imam ]c-kvXmXv {]Xn-hn-lnXw `qX-am-{Xm.

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hm¡v {]Ú-bpsS Hcw-K-¯nsâ ]qÀ¯o-I-cWw \nÀhln-¡p-¶p. B C{µnbw AXnsâ hnj-b-¯n-\\p-cq-]-ambn ]pd-t¯bv¡v Bi-b-§Ä hnSp-¶p. AXp-t]mse {]ÚbpsS Hcp AwK-¯nsâ ]qÀ¯o-IcWw {LmtW-{µnbw \nÀh-ln-¡p-¶p. AXnsâ hnj-b-¯n-\-\p-k-c-Wambn K豈 I­-dn-bp-¶p. t\{Xw {]Ú-bpsS asämcp AwKs¯ ]pjv Sn-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶p. AXnsâ hnj-b-¯n-\-\p-cq-]-am-bn-«pÅXv cq]-am-Wv. t{imt{X-{µnbw {]Ú-bpsS asäm-cw-Ks¯ ]qÀ®-am-¡p-¶p. AXn-\-\p-cq-]amb hnjbw i_vZam-Wv. \m¡pw {]Ú-bpsS Hcw-Ks¯ ]qÀ®-am-¡p-¶p. AXnsâ kz`mhw kzmZv Xncn-¨-dn-bp-I-bm-Wv. ssIIfpw {]Ú-bpsS asäm-cw-Ks¯ ]pjvSn-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶p. AXnsâ {]hÀ¯\ aWvUew IÀ½-am-Wv. tZlhpw {]Ú-bpsS Hcw-Ks¯ ]pjvSn-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶p. AXnsâ {]hÀ¯\ aWvUew IÀ½am-Wv. tZlhpw {]Ú-bpsS Hcw-Ks¯ ]pjvSn-s¸-Sp-¯p¶p. AXnsâ hnj-b-¯n-\\p-cq-]-am-bn-«p-ÅXv kpJ-Zpx-J§-fm-Wv. D]-Øhpw {]Ú-bpsS Hcw-Ks¯ ]cn-]p-jvSam-¡p-¶p. AXnsâ {]hÀ¯\ aWvUew IÀ½-am-Wv. tZlhpw {]Ú-bpsS Hcw-Ks¯ ]pjvSn-s¸-Sp-¯ p-¶p. AXnsâ hnj-b-¯n-\-\p-cq-]-am-bn-«p-ÅXv kpJ-Zpx-J-§-fmWv. D]-Øhpw {]Ú-bpsS Hcw-Ks¯ ]cn-]p-jvS-am-¡p¶p. AXnsâ _mly-hn-j-b-§Ä cXnbpw k´m-t\m-ev]mZ-\hp-amWv. Imep-Ifpw {]Ú-bpsS cwKs¯ ]qÀ®-am¡p-¶p. AXnsâ _mly-hn-jbw \S-¡p-Ibpw k©-cn-¡pI-bp-am-Wv. {]Ú-bpsS Hcw-Ks¯ {]Ú Xs¶ ]qÀ®am-¡p¶p. AXnsâ _mly-h n-j -b-§ Ä _p²n-ap-tJ\ A\p-`-hn-¡m³ Ignª hkvXp-¡fpw a\p-jysâ Hmtcm B{K-l-§-fp-am-Ip-¶p.

5. hmtK hmkym GI-aw-K-ap-ZrVw Xky \ma ]c-k vX mXv {]Xn-h n- l n-X m-` q- X - a m-{ Xm. {LmWta hmkym GI-aw-K-ap-ZqVw Xky KÔx ]c-kvXmXv {]Xn-hn-lnXm `qX-am-{Xm. N£p-tc-hmkym GIaw Kap-ZqVw Xky cq]w ]c-kvXmXv {]Xn-hn-lnXm `qXam{Xm t{km{X-ta-hmkym GI-awKw kpZrVw Xky i_vZx ]c-kvXmXv {]Xn-hn-lnXm `qX-am{Xm Pnsslhmkym GI-a w- K w. apZqUw Xkym- ¶ - c kx ]ck v X mXv {] Xn- h n- l n- X m. `qX - a m{Xm l k v X m

6. {]Úbm hmNw kam-cply hmNm kÀhmWn \mam-\ ym-] vt\m-X n. {]Úbm {]Ww kam-c q]y {]mtW\ kÀhm³ KÔm³ B]vt\m-Xn. {]Úbm N£px kam-cply N£pjm kÀhmWn cq]mWn B ]v t \ m- X n. {] Ú bm t{im{Xw kam- c ply t{imt{XW k Àhm³ i _v Z m³ B ]v t \m- X n. {]Úbm Pnlzmw kam-cp]y Pnlzbm lnkÀhm³ A¶-c-km³ B]vt\m-Xn. {]Úbm lkvXu kamcply lkvXm`ymw kÀhmWn IÀamWn B]vt\mXn. {]Úbm icocw kam-cply ico-tcW kpJ ZpxtJ B]vt\m-Xn. {]Úbm D]Øw kam-cply

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107

I D]-tØ\ B\µw cXnw {]PmZnw B]vt\m-Xn.

{]Úm t]Xm lkvXu In©\ {]Úm ]tb\ {]Úbm ]mZu kam-c ply ]mZm`ymw kÀhm- \m a\y-{Xta at\m `qZn-Xym-l. \ml-ta-XXv IÀ½ CXym B]vt\m-Xn. {]Ú-ssb-h[nbw kam-cply {]Úm- k n- j - a nXn \ln {]Úm- t]Xw icocw {]Ú-ssbh [ntbm hnÚm-Xhyw Imam-\m-]vt\m- kpJw ZpxJw In©\ {]Úm-] tb Z\y{X ta Xn. at\m `qZnXym l. \ml taXXv kpJ- Z pxtJ {]Úm-kn-j -a n-Xn. \ ln {]Úm-t]Xu ]mZma\p-jy³ hm¡v hiw hZ-am¡n {]Ú-ap-tJ\ Xs¶hnXym Im©\ {]Úm-]tb-Xm-a-\y{X ta at\m bmWv \ma-§sf {Kln-¡p-¶- X.v {]Ú- ap-tJ\ Xs¶-bmWv `qZn-X ym-l . \ml-ta-X m-anXmw {]Úm-k n-j -a n-Xn. {]mW-\n A[n-Imcw sNep¯n FÃm-hn-[-¯n-ep-apÅ \ln {]Úm-t]-X[ox ImN\ knt²y¶ {]ÚmKÔ-§-sfbpw {Kl-¡p-¶-Xv. {]Ú aptJ\ Xs¶bmWv Xhyw {]Úm-b-tX.
t{im{X-§Ä i_vZ-§sf {Kln-¡p-¶-Xv. A§s\ {ihW {Inb kw`-hn-¡p-¶p. {]Ú aptJ\ Xs¶-bmWv \m¡v A¶-ckw {Kln¨v hn`n¶ {]Im-c-¯n-epÅ kzmZv Adnbp-¶-Xv. ssIIÄ hnhn[ IÀ½-§Ä¡mbn {]hÀ¯n-¡p¶Xpw {Inbm-io-e-am- Ip-¶Xpw {]Ú aptJ-\-bm-Wv. icocw hnhn-[-§-fmb kpJ ZpxJ-§-f-\p-`-hn-¡p-¶Xpw {]Úbm Xs¶. D]Øw t`mKm-ß-I-amb {]P-\\-{Inb sN¿p¶Xpw {]Ú-bm Xs¶. Imep-IÄ Ka-\m-Ka\ IÀ½§Ä sN¿p-¶ Xpw {]Ú-b m Xs¶. {]Ú-bm {]Ú-bn A[n-Imcw Øm]n-¨mWv a\p-jyÀ ]e hn[¯n-epÅ B{K-l§Ä km[n-¡p-¶-Xv. -

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7. \ln {]Ú m- t ]Xm hmMv \ ma In© \ {]Ú m- ] - t bXv A\y{X ta at\m A]- ` q- Z nXyml\ml- t a- X -¶ ma {]Úm- k n- j -a n-X n. \ln {]Úm-\m-t]Xx {]mtWm KÔw I©\ {]Úm]tb Z\y{X ta at\m `qZnXym l \ml-taXw KÔw {]Úm knj anXn. \ln {]Úm t]Xw N£p-cq]w In©\ {]Úm-]tb Z\y-{X. ta at\m `qZnXym-l. \ml-ta-XZv cq]w {]Úmkn j anXn. \ln {]Úm t]Xw N£p-cq]w In©\ {]Úm]tb Z\y-{X. ta at\m `qZn Xyml. \ml-ta-XZv cq]w {]Úmkn j anXn. \ {]Ú m- t ]Xw t{im{Xw i_vZw I©\ {]Úm ]tb-Z\y{X ta at\m-`q-Zn-Xyml \ml-taXw i_vZw {]Úm knj anXn. \ln {]Úm t]Xm Pnlzm A¶ ckw I©\ {]Úm-]tb Z\y{X ta at\m`qZnXym-l. \ml- t aXw A¶- c kw {]Ú m- k n- j - a n- X n, \ {]Úm t]Xm lkvXu In©\ {]Úm ]tb\ \m a\y-{Xta at\m `qZn- X ym- l \mltaX-¶ ma {]Úm-kn-j-an-Xn. \ln {]Úm-\m-t]Xx {]mtWm KÔw I©\ {]Úm- ] tb Z\y{X ta at\m `qZnXym l \ml-taXw KÔw {]Úm knj anXn. \ln {]Úm t]Xw N£p-cq]w In©\ {]Úm]tb Z\y-{X. ta at\m `qZnXym-l. \ml-ta-X Zv cq]w {]Úmkn j anXn. \ {]Ú m- t ]Xw t{im{Xw i_vZ w I©\ {]Úm-]-tb-Z-\y{X ta at\m-`q-Zn-Xyml \ml-taXw i_vZw {]Úm knj anXn. \ln {]Úm t]Xm Pnlzm A¶ ckw I©\ {]Úm-]tb Z\y{X ta at\m `qZnXyml. \ml-taXw A¶-ckw {]Úm-knj anXn, \

{]Ú-tbmSp IqSm-¯-Xm-sW-¦n Hcp hm¡pw Hcp \ma-¯n-sâbpw t_m[w Df-hm-¡p-Ibn-Ã. Cu Ah-Øbn Fsâ a\Êv C¶ `mK-¯m-bn-cp-¶p. "F\n¡v B Imcyw a\-Ên-em-¡m³ Ign-ªnÃ' Fs¶Ãmw ]d-bp-t¼mÄ {]Úm- lo-\-amb C{µnb {]hÀ¯-\-sa- ¦n Imcy- t_m[w D­m-hp-¶n-Ã. {]Úm-lo- \-amb C{µnb {]hÀ¯-\-sa- ¦n Imcy-t_m[w D­m-hp-¶n-Ã. {]Úm-lo-\-amb t\{X-¯n\v cq]w I­-dn-bm³ km[y-a-Ã. {]Úm lo\-amb t{im{Xw bmsXmcp i_vZs¯bpw tIÄ¡m³ ià-aÃ. {]Úm lo\-amb \mhn\v A¶ ckm-kzm-Z\w km[y-a-Ã. {]Úbn-Ãm¯ ]£w ssIIÄ¡v Hcp {]hr-¯n-sb-¸-än-bp-apÅ Úm\w e`n-¡n-Ã. {]Úm-lo-\-amb tZlw Hcp hn[¯n-epÅ kpJ-Zpx-J-§fpw Adn-bp-I-bn-Ã. {]Úm-lo-\amb D]Øw {]P-\\{Inbm kaÀ°-a-Ã. {]Úm-c-ln-X- amb ]mZ-§Ä¡v t]mImt\m ]cmt\m H¶pw th­ hn[¯n km[y-a-Ã. _u²n-I -amb bmsXmcp Imcyhpw {]Ú-bn-sÃ-¦n th­-hn[w \S-¡p-I-bn-Ã.

8. \ Nmbw hnPnÚm koX hàmcw hnZym. \ KÔw hnPn- Ú m- k oX cq]- h nZym hnZym- X v . \ i_vZw hnPn-Úm-koX IÀ¯mcw hnZym¶ kpJ ZpxtJ hnPn-Úm-koX kpJ-Zpx-JtbmÀ hnPn-ÚmXmcw hnZym-Xv. \m\µw cXow \ {]PmXow hnPnÚm-koX B\-µky ctXx {]Pm tXÀ hnÚmXmcw hnZym-Xv. t\Xymw hnPn-Úmko ssXXmcw hnZym-X v. Xm hm GXm-Z -ssih `qX-a m{Xm A[n]Úw Zi {]Úm-am{Xm A[n `qXw. b²n `qXam- { Xm- \ - k ypÀ \ {]Úm am{Xm kyqÀ bZzm {]Úm am{Xm \ kypÀ \`qX am{Xm kypx
hm¡v Adn-bp-¶Xp-sIm-­p-am{Xw Hcp {]tbm-P-\hp-anÃ. hm¡ns\ t{]cn-¸n-¡p¶ Bßm-hns\ a\-Ên-em-¡Ww. KÔs¯ am{Xw Adn-bm³ {ian-¨-Xp-sIm-­m-bn-Ã. KÔs¯ {Kln-¡ p¶ Bßm-h ns\ Adn-b-Ww. cq]w am{Xw Adn-bp-hm-\pÅ {kaw shdp-sX-bm- W.v cq]-Ú-\mb Bßm-hn-s\-bmWv Adn-tb-­-Xv. i_vZw Adn-bm³ am{Xw {ian-¨-Xp-sIm-­m-bn-Ã. i_vZw {ihn-¡p¶ Bßm-hns\ Adn-tb-­Xp-­v. A¶-ck-s¯-¸än-bpÅ Úm\w e`n¡p-sa¶ B{Klw shdp-sX-bm-Wv. AXm-Xnsâ IÀ¯mhmb Bßm-hns\ Adn-tb-­-Xp-­.v kpJ ZpxJ-s¯-¸än Adn-bp-¶-h\pw A\p-`-hn-¡p-¶-h\p-amb Bßm-h n-s \-

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I bmWv a\-Ên-em-t¡-­-X.v {]P-\\ IÀ½hpw AXnsâ B\µhpw Adn-ªXp-sIm-­p-am-{X-am-bn-Ã. {]tPm-ev]-¯n-sb¸än Adn-hpÅ Bßm-hns\ a\-Ên-em-¡-Ww. Kam-\Ka\ {Inb-I-sf-¸än am{Xw Adn-ªXp-sIm-­m-bn-Ã. Kam-\K-a\§Ä¡v km£n-bm-bn-cn-¡p¶ Bßm-hns\ a\-Ên- em-¡-Ww. a\-Ên-s\-¸än Adn-ªm am{Xw t]mcm a\\ ioe-amb Bßm-hns\ Adn-b-Ww. {]Ú-bn ØnXnsN-¿p¶ \mamZn hnj-b-§Ä Cu ]¯p `qX-am-{X-Ifpw `qX-§-fn ØnXn-sN-¿p¶ hm¡v apX-emb C{µn-b-§Ä DÄs¡mÅp¶ ]¯v {]Úm am{X-I-fp-am-Ip-¶p. `qX-am{X-I-fn-sÃ-¦n {]Úm-am-{X-I-fpsS AØnXzw km[y-aÃ. Ch c­n H¶n-s\bpw X\nsb Xs¶ GsX-¦ nepw hnjb hntij kn²n¡v kaÀ°-ambn Icp-Xm³ ]mSn-Ã. AXp-sIm-­v, `qX-am-{X-Ifpw {]Úm-am-{X-Ifpw Bh-iyam-Ip-¶p.

k³ atÕyjp Ipcp ]m©m-tejp Imio-h n-tZtljp CX k l APmX i{Xpx Imiy taXy Dhm- N . {_ÒtX {_hm- W oXn Xw tlmhmN APmX i{Xpx kl{kw XZva kvX CtXy-Xkymw hmNn P\tIm P\I CXn hm D P\m [mh-´o-Xn.

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9. \ln A\y-X-ctXm cq]w In©\ knt²y-Xv, t\m GX- ¶ m- \ m, XZy- Y m- c - Y - k ym- t cjp t\an cÀ¸ntXm \m`m-hcm AÀ¸n-Xm. Gh-ta-ssh-Xmx-`qX-am{Xmx {]Úm-a m-{X-k zÀ¸nXm {]Úm-am-{Xmx{]mtW À¸nXmx k Gj {]mW Gh {]Úmßm-\m-\tµ Ptcm arXw \ km[p\m IÀaWm `qbmt¶m Ghm km[p\m I\o-bm³. Gjtly ssh\w km[p IÀa Imc-bXn Xw b tat`ym temtI `yx D¶n-\o-jX Gj D Gssh\ a km[p IÀa Imc-bXn Xta-t`ym-tem-tI`yx D¶n-\o-jktX. Gj - temI-]mex Gj temIm-[n-]Xn tcY kÀthix k a BtßXn hnZymXv k a BtßXn hnZym-Xv. CXn XrXo-tbm-²ymbx
bYmÀ°-¯n {]Úm-am-{X-bp-sSbpw `qX-am-{X-bpsSbpw kzcq-]-¯n amä-an-Ã. cY-t\an Ac-§-fnepw Ac§Ä cY-\ m-` n- b nepw kam-{i-b n-¨ n-cn-¡ p-¶ -X p-t ]mse `qX§Ä {]Úm-am-{X-I-fnepw {]Úm-am-{X-IÄ {]mW\nepw ØnXn-sN-¿p-¶p. Cu {]mW³ AP-chpw Aa-chpw kpJ-a-bhpw {]Úm-ßm-hp-am-Wv. Cu {]mW³ D¯a IÀ½-§-fm DbÀ¨ {]m]n-¡p-Ibpw \oN-IÀ½-§-fm DbÀ¨ {]m]n-¡p-Ibpw \oN-IÀ½-§-fm £bw {]m]n¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶n-Ã. apI-fn-se-¯m³ B{K-ln-¡p¶ a\pjy-s\-s¡m­v ip`-IÀ½-§Ä sN¿n-¡p-¶Xpw A[x-]Xn¡m-\m-{K-ln-¡p-¶-h-s\-s¡m­v ZpjvIÀ½-§Ä sN¿n-¡p¶Xpw {]Úm-cq-]¯nepw {]mW-cq-]-¯nepw Cuiz-c³ Xs¶-bm-Wv. Cu Bßmhv kÀh-tem-I§Ä¡pw A[oi\pw temI kwc-£-I\pw kI-e-¯n\pw A[n-]-Xn-bpam-Ip-¶p. Cu KpW-§Ä tNÀ¶ {]mW³ Xs¶-bmWv Bßm-sh¶v a\-Ên-em-¡p-I.

KÀ¤-hw-i-¯n ]nd¶ KmÀKy³ Fs¶mcp {_Ò-W³ D­m-bn. At±-l-¯nsâ ]nXm-hnsâ t]cv _emI F¶mbn-cp-¶p. thZw \Ã-h®w A`y-kn-¨-h-\m-Wv. IqSmsX thZ§sf A[n-I-cn¨v {]h-N-\-§fpw \S-¯n-bn-cp-¶p. A§s\ IoÀ¯n t\Snb Dio-\c-tZ-k-hm-kn-bm-bn-cp¶p At±-lw. Xsâ hk-Xn-bn Xs¶ Ønc-ambn Xma-kn-¡msX ]etZ-i¯pw ]cy-S\w \S-¯n. A§s\ Nne Znhkw Iminbnepw Nne Znhkw Ipcp-t£-{X-¯nepw ]ns¶ ]m©me tZi-¯nepw Nne-t¸mÄ aÕy-tZ-i -¯ nepw Nne-t¸mÄ anYnem cmPy¯pw Xma-kn-¨p. Hcp Znhkw At±lw Imiocm-Pm-hmb APmX i{Xp-hn-t\mSn KmÀKy³ Al-¦m-ct¯msS ]d-ªp. "Rm³ \n§Ä¡v {_Ò- Úm-t\m- ]- tZiw sN¿mw.' AXp-t I«v cmPmhv ]dªp:þ "{_Ò³, Cu Ir]bv¡v Rm³ A§bv¡v Bbncw ]ip- ¡sf Xcmw. C¡me¯v B {]P-IÄ P\-I³ P\-I³ F¶p ]d-ªp-sIm­v P\-Isâ ASp-t¯bv¡v HmSn-s¨-Ãp-I-bm-Wv.

2. ktlm hmN _emInx b Gsshj BZntXy ]pcpj- k vX -ta-h m- l -a p-] mk CX. Xw tlmhmN APm-X-i{Xpx am am GX-kvan³ kwhm-ZbnjvTmx _rlXv ]mÞ-c - h mkm AXnjvT x kÀthjmw `qXm\mw aqÀt[Xn hm Al-t a- X - a p-] mk CXn k tbm s s l X tah ap ] mk vtX X nj v T mx kÀthjmw `qXm \mw aqÀ[m `hXn
B KmÀKy³ ]d-ªpþ kqcy-a-Þ-e¯n hncm-Pn¡p¶ Cuiz-cs\-bmWv Rm³ {_mÒ-_p-[ym-km-[\w sN¿p-¶Xv? APm-X-i{Xp ]d-ªpþ A§v Cu hnj-b-s¯¸än H¶pw ]d-b-cpXv B ip`-hkv{X-[m-cn-bmWv Gähpw henb alm³. AXv FÃm-¯n-s\bpw AXn-{I-an¨v FÃm¯n\pw apI-fn \ne-sIm-Åp-¶p. AXp Xs¶ FÃm-änsâbpw inc-Êv. Rm³ AXns\ AtX-{]-Imcw D]m-kn-¡p¶p. kqcy-a-WvU-ehÀ¯n-bmb B ]pcp-js\ C§s\ D]m-kn-¡p¶ a\p-jy³ FÃm-än-s\bpw IS¶v Gähpw DbÀ¶ Øm\-s¯-¯p-¶p. Ah³ kÀh-Po-hn-Ifp-sSbpw incÊv t]mse `hn-¡p-¶p.

\memw A[ymbw
1. AY KmÀtKym l ssh _mem Inc-\q-Nn\x kwkv]rjv S Bk. tkm hZZp-io-\-tcjp kh-

3. k tlmhmN _memInx b Gsshj N{µakn ]pcp- j - Y - k v X - t a- h mlw D]mk CXn Xw tlmhmNm PmX-i{Xpx am am GX-kvan³ kwhm-ZbnjvT mx tkmtam-c mPm A¶-k y. BtßXn hm Al-ta-X-ap-]mtk CXn k tbm tah-ap-] m-ktX A¶ky Bßm `hXn
KmÀKy³ ]d-ªp. Rm³ N{µ-a-WU-e-¯n {]Xn-jvTnv ¸n-¡-s¸-«n-cn-¡p¶ A´-cym-an-bmb Cuiz-cs\bmWv D]mkn-¡p-¶Xv. AXp Xs¶ {_Òw AXp-tI«v APm-X-i{Xp -

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I ]d-ªpþ ""A§v A¡m-cys¯¸än H¶pw ]d-b-cp-Xv. Cu
N{µ³ kI-e-¯n\pw cmPm-hm-Wv. A¶- ¯nsâ {]mW-\mb AXns\ Rm³ CtX-hn[w D]m-kn-¡p-¶p. N{µa-Þ-e¯n {]Xn-j vTn-¡-s ¸-«n-cn-¡p¶ ]pcp-js\ {_Ò-cq-]¯n D]m-kn-¡p¶ a\p-jy³ XoÀ¨-bmbpw A¶-¯nsâ Bßm-hmbn `hn-¡p-¶p.

\-§-fmepw arK-§-fmepw k¼-¶-\m-Ip-¶p. Ahsâ k´m\-§Ä AIm-e-ar-Xyp-hn\v Cc-bm-In-Ã.

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4. ktlm- h mN _memI nx tbm Gs shj hnZypXn ]pcpjx GXta hmlw {_tÒm-]mk CXn Xw tlmhmN APm-X-i{Xpx am am GX-kvan³ kahm-Z -bnjvT mx tXP-k ym- tßXn hml-ta-X -a p-] mk CX k tbm sslX-ta-h-ap-]mkvtX tXPkx Bßm`hXn
KmÀKy³ ]d-ªpþ hnZyp-·-WvU-e-¯n A´ÀK-Xambn A´-cm-an-bm-bn-cn-¡p¶ {_Òs¯ Rm³ D]m-kn¡p-¶p. AXp-tI«v APm-X-i{Xp ]d-ªp. A§v CXn-s\¸än H¶pw ]d-b-­. Rm³ tXP-Ênsâ Bßm-sh¶p IcpXn-bmWv CXns\ D]m-kn-¡p-¶-Xv. hnZyp-·-Þe-¯n {]Xn-jvTn-Xam-bn-cn-¡p¶ {_Òs¯ Cu \ne-bn D]mkn-¡p-¶-h³ tXP-Ênsâ Bßm-hm-bn-¯o-cpw.

7. ktlm-hmN _memInx b Gsshj hmbu]p- c p-j - k vX -t a-h m- l -a p-] mk CXn Xw tlmhmN i{Xp am am GX-kva n³ kwhm-Z-bnjv T m Ct{µm sshIpWvTx A]-cm-Pn-X m-tk-t\Xn hm Al-taX ap]mk CXn k tbm sslX- t a- h - a p- ] mkv t X PnjvW pÀl-hm-] -cm-Pn-jv Wp-c-\p-kvXym-Pmb `hXn
XpSÀ¶v KmÀKy³ ]d-ªpþ hmbp aWvU-e-¯n ØnXn-sN-¿p¶ A´-cym- an- bmb ]pcp-js\ Rm³ {_Òs\ \ne-bn D]m-kn-¡p-¶p. At¸mÄ APm-X-i{Xp ]d-ªpþ A§v CXn-s\-¸än H¶pw ]d-b-cp-Xv. CXv C{µ-\m-Wv. CXp Xs¶ sshIp-WTw. CXp Xs¶ Hcn-¡epw tXm¡m¯ v hoc-tk-\. Rm³ AXns\ CtX \ne-bn D]m-kn-¡p¶p. AXns\ C§s\ D]m-kn-¡p¶ hyàn Hcn-¡epw ]cm-P- b-s¸-Sp-¶n-Ã. Ah³ kZm-i-{Xp-hn hnPbw t\Sp-¶p.

5. ktlm-hmN _memInx b Gsshj kvX\bn\vXu ]pcp-j-kvXtahm l ap]mk CXn XwtlmhmN APm-X - i {Xpx am am GX-k va n³ kwhm-Z bnjvTm i_vZ-kym-tßXn hm Al-ta-X-ap-]mk CXn k tbm sslX-ta-hm-ap]m kvtX i_vZ-kymßm `hXn
XpSÀ¶v KmÀKy³ ]d-ªpþ taL-aÞe-¯n {]XnjvTn-¡-s¸-«n-cn-¡p¶ A´-cym-an-bmb Cuiz-cs\ Rm³ {_Ò-sa¶p IcpXn D]m-kn-¡p-¶p. APm-X-i{Xp ]d-ªpþ-A§v AXn-s\-¸än H¶pw ]d-b-cp-Xv. Rm³ AXns\ i_vZ¯nsâ Bßmhv F¶p Icp-Xn-bmWv D]m-kn-¡p¶- X v . A§s\ taL-a -Þ -e -¯ n ØnXn- s N-¿ p¶ {_Òs¯ i_vZ¯nsâ Bßm-hm-sW¶p IcpXn D]mkn-¡p-¶h³ i_vZ¯nsâ Bßm-hmbn `hn-¡p-¶p. -

8. k tlmhmN _mem-Inxb Gsshj Aáu ]pcp,-kvX-ta-hm-lap-]mk CXn Xw tlmhmN APmX-i{Xpx am am GX-kvan³ ka-hm-Z-bnjvTm hnjmk-ln-cnXn hm Al-ta-X-ap-]mk CXn ktbm-sslX-ta-h-ap-]mkvtX hnjm-k-lnÀhm Gj `hXn
]ns¶ KmÀKy³ ]d-ªpþ Aán aÞ-e-¯n ØnXnsN-¿p¶ A´-cym-an-bmb ]pcp-js\ Rm³ {_Ò-sa¶ \ne-bn D]m-kn-¡p-¶p. At¸mÄ APm-X-i{Xp ]d-ªp. A§v Cu hnj-b-s¯-¸än H¶pw ]d-b-­. CXv hnjm-kln-bmWv Rm³ AXns\ AtX `mh-¯n D]m-kn¡p-¶p. Aán aÞ-e¯n ØnXn-sN-¿p¶ ]pcp-js\ Cu `mh-¯n D]m-kn-¡p-¶-hÀ A\y-cpsS B{I-aWw sNdp¡m³ kaÀ°-\m-Ip-¶p.

6. ktlm-hmN _mem-Inxb Gsshj BIm-ti]p- c p-j - k vX -t a-h m- l -a p-] mk CXn Xw tlmhmN APm-X-i{Xpx am am GX-kvan³ kwhm-ZbnjvTmx ]qÀW-a-{]-hr¯n {_tÒXn hm Al-ta-Xap-]mk CXn k tbm sslX- t a- h - a p- ] mkvt X ]qcytX {]Pbm ]ip`nx t\m Gh kzbw \mky {]Pm-]pcm ImemXv {]hÀ¯-tX.
A\-´cw KmÀKy³ ]d-ªpþ BIm-iaÞe-¯n - ØnXn-sN-¿p¶ A´-cym-an-bmb ]pcp-js\ Rm³ {_Òcq-]-¯n D]m-kn-¡p-¶p. At¸mÄ APm-X-i{Xp ]d-ªpþ-A§v AXn-s\-¸än H¶pw ]d-b-­. CXv {]hr-¯n-iq\yhpw {_Ò-hp-am-Wv. B \ne-bn Rm\-Xns\ D]m-kn¡p- ¶ p. BIm- i - a - Þ - e - ¯ n ØnXn- s N- ¿ p¶ B {_Òs¯ Cu `mh-\-tbmsS D]m-kn-¡p¶ hyàn k´m-

9. k tlmhmN _memInx bx Gssh-j-a]vkp ]pcp-j - k vX - ta-h m-l -a p-] mk CXn Xw tlmhmN APm-X-i{Xpx am am GX-kvan³ kwhm-ZbnjvTmx \mav \ m AtßXn hm Al- t a- X p- a p- ] mk CXn tbmssl-X - ta-h -a p-] mkvtX \mav\ Bßm-`-h Xn CXn A[n-ssZ-hXw AYm [ymßw
XpSÀ¶v KmÀKy³ ]d-ªp. Rm³ Pe-¯n ØnXnsN-¿p¶ A´-cym-an-bmb ]pcp-js\ {_Ò-sa¶ \ne-bn D]m-kn-¡p-¶p. APm-Xi{Xp ]d-ªp. A§v CXn-s\-¸än H¶pw ]d-b-cp-Xv. CXv \ma-[m-cn-I-fmb Pohn-I-fpsS BßmhmWv F¶p a\-Ên-em¡n Rm³ D]m-kn-¡p-¶p. C§s\ D]m-kn-¡p-¶-h³ \ma-[m-cn-I-fmb Pohn-I-fpsS Bßm-hmbn-¯ o-cp-¶ p. C{Xbpw A[n-ssZ-hn-Iamb D]m-k -\sb kw_-Ôn-¨X.v C\n B[ym-ßn-tIm-]m-k-\sb-¸än ]d-bmw. -

10. k tl mhmN _memInx b G ss hj BZÀti ]pcp-j -kvXtahm l ap]mk CXn Xw tlmhmN APm-X-i{Xpx am am GX-kvan³ kwhm-

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I Z-bnjvTm {]Xn-cq] CXn hm Al-ta-X-ap-]mk CXn
k tbm s sl X- t a- h - a p- ] mk v t X {]X n- c qt]m sslhmky {]Pm-bm-am-Pm-btX \m{]-Xn-cq]x
XpSÀ¶v KmÀKy³ ]d-ªpþ ZÀ¸-W¯Â ØnXn-sN¿p¶ Cu ]pcp-js\ Rm³ {_Ò-sa¶ \ne-bn D]mkn-¡p-¶p. At¸mÄ APm-Xi{Xp ]d-ªpþ A§v CXns\-¸än H¶pw ]d-tb-­. Rm³ CXns\ {]Xn-cq-]`m-th\ D]m-kn-¡p-¶p. ZÀ¸-W¯n ØnXn-sN-¿p¶p ]pcp-js\ Cu `mh-\tbmsS D]m-kn-¡p¶h³ {]Xn-cq-]Kp-hm-\m-bn¯o-cp¶ Ahsâ k´m-\-§Ä Ah¶v Xpey-cm-Ip-¶p.

i{Xp ]d-ªp. A§v Cu hnj-b-s¯-¸än H¶pw ]d-b-cpXv. Cu Omb arXyp-cq-]n-bm-Wv. Rm³ AXns\ CtX `mh\-tbmsS D]m-kn-¡p-¶p. AXns\ Cu cq]-¯n D]m-kn¡p-¶h³ AIm-eNc-a¯n\v ]m{X-am-Ip-¶n-Ã. Ahsâ - - k´m-\-§Ä¡pw AIm-eN-caw D­m-hnÃ. -

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14. k tlmhmN _memInx b Gsshj icocx ]pcp-j -kvX-t a-h ml ap]mk CXn Xw tlmhmN APm-X-i{Xpx am am GX-kvan³ kwhm-Z-bnjvT m {]Pm- ] - X n- c nXn hm Al- t a- X - a p- ] mk CXn k tbmssl-Xap-]mkvtX {]Pm-btX {]Pbm ]ip`nx A\-´cw KmÀKy³ ]d-ªpþ ]pcp-j-i-co-c-¯n DÅ ]pcp-js\ Rm³ {_Ò-s a¶p IcpXn D]m-kn-¡p-¶ p. At¸mÄ APm-Xi{Xp ]d-ªpþ A§v Cu hnj-b-s¯¸än H¶pw ]d-b-­. CXv {]Pm-]-Xn-bmWv Rm³ CXns\ CtX cq]-¯n-emWv D]m-kn-¡p-¶-X.v ico-c-¯n \nh-kn¡p¶ ]pcp-js\ {]Pm-]Xn F¶ `mth\ D]m-kn-¡p-¶h³ k´m-\-§-fmepw arK-§-fmepw kar²n t\Sp-¶p.

11. ktlm-hmN _memInx b Gsshj {]Xn{ip-XvImbmw ]pcp-j-kvXta-hm-l-ap-]mk CXn Xw tlmhmN APm-X-i{Xpx am am GX-kvan³ kwhmZ-bnjvTm ZzoXn tbm\-]K CXn hm Al-ta-Xap-]mk CXn k tbm sslX-ta-\ap-]mkvtX hnµtX AZznXo-b-hm³ `hXn
]ns¶bpw KmÀKy³ ]d-ªpþ Rm³ {]Xn-[z\n \nlnX-\m-bn-cn-¡p¶ ]pcp-js\ {_Ò-sa¶p IcpXn D]m-kn¡p-¶p. CXp-tI«v AXm-P-i{Xp ]dªp þ A§v CXn-s\¸än H¶pw ]d-tb-­. Rm³ AXns\ ZznXo-b-sb¶pw A\p]-Ksb¶pw IcpXn D]m-kn-¡p-¶p. [z\n-bn ØnXn-sN¿p¶ ]pcp-js\ Cu `mh-\-tbmSp IqSn D]m-kn-¡p¶ a\pjy³ AZzn-Xo-b-\mbn `hn-¡p-¶p.

12. k tlmhmN _memInx b Gsshj i_vZx ]pcp-j-a-t\zXn Xta-hm-l-ap-]mk CXn Xw tlmhmN APm-X-i{Xpx am am GX-kvan³ kw hmZ bnjvTmx Akp- c nXn hm Al- t a- X - a p- ] mk CXn- k tbm sslX-ap-]mkvtX t\m Gh kzbw \mky {]Pm]p-cm-Im-emXv kwtam-l-taXn
]ns¶ KmÀKy³ ]d-ªpþ Ka-\-io-e-\mb hyànbpsS ]pdsI [z\n-tbmSp IqSn ]mZ-[z\n tIÄ¡p-¶p. AXnepÅ {_Ò-s¯-bmWv Rm³ D]m-kn-¡p-¶-Xv. At¸mÄ APm-Xi{Xp ]d-ªpþ A§v CXns\ kw_-Ôn¨v H¶pw ]d-b-cp-Xv. Rm³ AXns\ {]mW-cq-]-¯n-emWv D]m-kn¡p-¶-X.v At¸mÄ AXns\ A{]-Imcw D]m-kn-¡p¶ a\pjy³ ]qÀ®m-bp-Êp-Å-h-\m-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. Ahsâ k´m\-§fpw ]qÀ®m-bp-Ên-se-¯msX arXn-b-S-bp-¶n-Ã.

15. ktlm-hmN _memInx b Gsshj {]mÚ Bßm tb\ GXXv ]pcpjx kp]vXx kz]v\-bm-NcXn Xtahm lap-]mk CXn Xw tlmhmN APmX-i{Xpx am am GX-kvan³ kwhm-Z-bnjvTm btamcm-tPXn hm Al-ta-X-ap-]mk CXn k tbm sslXap- ] mkv t X kÀhw {]Pm- b tX lmkv a m CZw t{ijvTymb baytX
]ns¶ KmÀKy³ ]d-ªpþ {]Ú-hm\pw {]mW-cq-]nbp-amb Bßm-hn-t\mSv kwbp-à\mb ]pcp-j³ kpjp]vXm-hØ-bn kz]v\amÀ¤-¯n IqSn k©-cn-¡p-¶p. Rm³ AXn-s\-¯-s¶-bmWv {_Ò-sa¶p IcpXn D]m-kn¡p-¶-X.v CXp-tI«v APm-X-i{Xp ]d-ªpþ A§v AXns\ kw_-Ôn¨v H¶pw ]d-b-cp-Xv. Rm³ CXns\ ba-cq-]-¯nemWv D]m-kn-¡p-¶-Xv. AXns\ C{]-Imcw D]m-kn-¡p¶ a\p- jys\ t{ijvT-\mbn IcpXn am\n- ¡m³ FÃm temIhpw Ahsâ ap¶n \a-kvI-cn-¡p-¶p.

13. ktlm-hmN _memInx b Gsshj Ombm ]pcpj k Xta-hm-lap-]mk CXn Xw tlmhmN APm-X-i{Xpx am am GX-kvan³ kwhm-Z-bnjvT m arXyp-c nXn hm Al-ta-X -a p-] mk CXn k tbm sslX- ta-h -a p-] mkvtX t\m Gh kzbw \mky {]Pm-]p-cm-Im- emXv {]ao-btX
XpSÀ¶v KmÀKy³ ]dªpþ Hcp hyàn-tbm-sSm¸w ImWp¶ Ahsâ Ombsb AXm-bXv Ombm-]p-cp-js\ Rm³ {_Ò-cq-]¯n D]m-kn-¡p-¶p. At¸mÄ APm-X-

16. ktlm-hmN _memInx bx Gsshj Z£ntW-£³ ]pcp-jkvX tahmlw D]mk CXn Xw tlmhmN APm-X-i{Xp am am GX-kvan³ kwhm-ZbnjvT m \mav\ Bßm Atá-c mßm tPymXnj Btß- X nhm Al- t a- X - a p- ] mk CXn k tbm sslX-tah ap]mkvtX GtXjmw kÀth-jm-amßm `hXn
A\-´cw KmÀKy³ ]d-ªpþ Rm³ Cu he-Xp-I-®n ØnXn-sN-¿p¶ ]pcp-js\ {_Ò-sa¶ \ne-bn D]m-kn¡p-¶p. CXp-tI«v APm-X-i{Xp ]d-ªpþ A§v Cu hnjbs¯ kw_-Ôn¨v H¶pw ]d-b-cp-X.v Rm³ CXns\ \maw Aán tPymXnÊv F¶n-hsb Bßm-sh¶p Icp-Xn-bmWv D]m-kn-¡p-¶-Xv. AXns\ B \ne-bn D]m-kn-¡p¶ hyàn FÃm-¯n-sâbpw Bß-cq-]ambn Xocp-¶p. -

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17. k tl mhmN _memInx b G ss hj kthy£³ ]pcp-j-kvtXta hml-ap-] mk CXn Xw tlmhmN APm-X -i {Xpx am am GX-k v a n³ kwhm- Z - b njv T mx kXy- k ymßm hnZyp- X - B ßm tXPk BtßXn hm Al-ta-X-ap-]mk CXn k tbm sslX-tah ap]mkvtX GtXjmw kÀthjm amßm `hXn
KmÀKy³ ho­pw ]d-ªpþ Cu CSXp I®n ØnXnsN-¿p¶ ]pcp-js\ {_Ò-cq-]¯n Rm³ D]m-kn-¡p¶p. AXp-tI«v APm-X-i{Xp ]d-ªpþ A§v Cu hnj-bs¯-¸än kwkm-cn-t¡-­. CXv kXy-¯n-sâbpw tXP-Ênsâbpw hnZyp-¯n-sâbpw Bßm-hm-Wv. AXns\ Rm³ AtX amXr-I-bn D]m-kn-¡p-¶p. C§s\ D]m-kn-¡p¶ a\p-jy³ FÃm-hcp-sSbpw Bßm-hm-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. -

¨p. tl, cmPm-hmb tkma, tl _rl³, tl ip{`-h-kv{X[mco C§s\ At\Iw {]mhiyw hnfn-¨n«pw B hyàn DWÀ¶n-Ã. AXn-\p-tijw cmPmhv Ahsâ ta Nqc sIm­v \à ASn sImSp-¯p. ASn-sIm­ DS³ Xs¶ B a\p-jy³ DWÀs¶-gp-t¶-äp. At¸mÄ APm-X-i{Xp KmÀKyt\mSv ]d-ªpþ Cu ]pcp-j³ ssNX-\y-lo-\\mbn FhnsS-bmWv Dd-§n-s¡m-­n-cp-¶Xv? GXv tZi-¯mWv Dd-§ns¡m-­n-cp-¶Xv? Ct¸mÄ DWÀ¶v Fhn-sS-\n¶pw h¶n-cn¡p¶p?

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18. XX Dl _memInx Xpjv W o- a mk Xw tlmhm N APm-X-i{Xp GXm-]¶p _memIm Cu CtXy XmhXv [oXn tlmhmN _memInx Xw tlmhmN APm-X-i{Xpx arjm ssh Ine am kwhmZ-bnjvTm {_Ò tX {_hm-WoXn k tlmhmN tbm ssh_m- e mI GtXjmw ]pcp- j mWmw IÀ¯m bky ssh kvXXv IÀa k ssh thZn-Xhy CXn XX Dl _memInx kanXv ]mWnx {]Xn-N{Iw D]mbm-\oXn Xw tlmhmN APm-X-i{Xpx {]Xn-tema cq]-ta-hh XXv kymXv £{Xntbm {_mÒ-W-ap-]\-tbXv Gln thyh Xzm Úm]-bn-jym-aoXn Xw l ]mWm-hm-`n-]Zy {]h-{hmP Xu l kp]vXw ]pcpj- a m- P - Ü - X pkv X w l APm- X - i - { Xp-c m- a - { ´bmw Nt{I-_r-l³ _mÞ-c-hmkx tkma-cm-P¶nXn k D l XpjvWo-tah intiy XX Dssl\w bjvSymhnNn t£] k XX Gh kap-¯Øu Xw tlm hmN APm-X-i{Xpx ssIzj GX-Zv_m-emtI ]pcptjmibnjvS Iz GXXv A`qXv IpX GX ZmKm CXn XX D l _memIn \ hnPtÚ
AsX-¯p-SÀ¶v KmÀKy³ bmsXm¶pw ]d-ªn-Ã. AXpI­v APm-Xi{Xp ]d-ªpþ A§-bpsS {_Ò-Úm\w C{Xtb DtÅm? KmÀKy³ ]d-ª pþ C{Xtb DÅq. At¸mÄ APm-Xi{Xp ]d-ªpþ B \ne-bn A§v {_tÒm-]-tZiw Xcm-sa¶p ]d-ªXv shdp- sX-bm-bn. A§p ]dª Cu FÃm hyàn-I-fp-sSbpw IÀ¯m-hn-s\-bmWv Adn-tb-­-X.v AXv tI«-Xn-s\-¯p-SÀ¶v KmÀKy³ kan-X]mv Wn-bmbn PnÚm-k-tbmsS APm-X-i{Xp-hns\ kao-]n¨v C§s\ ]d-ªpþ A§sb Kpcp-hmbn kzoI-cn-¡m-\mWv Rm³ h¶-Xv. AXp-tI«v cmPmhv ]d-ªp. £{Xn-b³ {_mÒ-Ws\ injy-\mbn kzoI-cn-¡p-¶Xv temIm-Nm-c-hncp-²-amWv AXn-\m A§v Fsâ IqsS hcp-I. Rm³ A§bv¡v {_Ò-Úm\w ssIh-cp-¯n-¯-cmw. AXn-s\¯p-SÀ¶v cmPmhv KmÀKysâ ssIbv¡p ]nSn¨v Ipsd \S¶v Dd-§p¶ Hcp hyàn-bpsS ho«n sN¶v Abmsf hnfn-

19. Xw tlmhmN APm-X-i{Xpx bss{Xj GXZv _memtI ]pcptjm Ai-bnjvS bss{X-XZ`q-ZyX - GX-Zm-Km-ZnXn lnXm \ma lrZ-bky \mtUym lrZbmXv ]pco-X-X-a-`n-{h-X-\z´n XZv bYm kl-{k[m tItim hn]m-SnX kvXmh-ZWzx ]nwK-eky AWnav \ m- X n- j v T ´n ip¢ky Irjv W ky ]oXky temln-X-tkyXn Xmkp XZm `hXn bZm kp]vXx kz]v\w \ IwN\ ]iyXn AY Akvan³ {]mW Gssh-IYm `hXn XssZ\w hmIv kÀsshx \ma`nx klm-t]yXn N£px kÀsshx cqss]x klm-t]yXn t{im{Xw kÀsshx i_vs sZx klm-thyXn a\x kÀsshx [ymss\x klm-thyXn k bZm {]Xn-_p[ytX bYm AtáÀPz-eX kÀhm Zntim hnkv^penwKm hn{]- X n-j vtT-c -s s¶-h -tah Xkva m-Z m-ß \ {]mWm bYm-b-X\w hn{]-Xn-jvTt´ {]mtW-t`ymtZhm tZtht`ym temImx XZyYm £pc £pc [mtc h lnXx kymXv hnizw-`tcm hm hnizw-`c-Ip-emb Gh tasshj {]mÚ BtßZw ico-c-am-ßm-\-a\p-{]-hnjvS Btem-a`yx B\-tJ`yx
KmÀKy³ B tNmZy-§Ä¡v D¯cw ]d-bm³ ià-\mbn-Ã. At±lw Cu cl-ky-a-dn-bm³ Ai-à\m-bn-cp-¶p. At¸mÄ APm-Xi{Xp ho­pw ]dªp Ch³ Fhn-sSbmWv Dd-§n-s¡m-­n-cn-¡p-¶-sX¶pw Fhn-sS-bmWv InS¶n-cp-¶-sX¶pw FhnsS \n¶pw DWÀ¶p-sh¶pw Øm\ta-sX¶pw Rm³ ]d-ªp-X-cmw. lrZ-b-Iaes¯ kw_- Ôn-¡p¶ lnX F¶p t]cpÅ At\Iw \mUn-IÄ D­v. Ah lrZ-b-¯n \n¶pw ]pd-s¸«v icocw apgp-h³ hym]n¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. Ah-bpsS hen¸w Hcp Xe-apSn \mcnsâ Aäw Bbncambn Awin-¨m-ep-Å-Xnepw kq£va-am-W.v B \mUnIÄ ]e-hn-[-¯n-epÅ kq£vakm-c-¯m ]cn-]qÀ®-amWv. Ah-bn shfp-¸v, aª, Nph-¸v, Idp¸v F¶o FÃm \nd-§fpw D­v. Dd§p¶ Ah-Ø-bn hyàn Cu \mUnI-fn ebn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. kpjp-]vXn-bpsS Ah-Øbnepw a\p-jy³ kz]v\w ImWm-Xn-cn-¡p-t¼mÄ {]mW-\n ebn¨n-cn-¡pw. At¸mÄ hm¡v AXnsâ kÀh-\m-a§Ä klnXhpw t\{X-§Ä kÀh-cq-]§Ä kln-Xhpw sNhn kÀhi-_vZ-§Ä kln-Xhpw a\Êv kÀh-Nn-´-\o-b-hn-j-b-§Ä kln- Xhpw {]mW-\n Xs¶-bmWv ØnXn-sN-¿p-¶-X.v a\pjy³ DW-cp-t¼mÄ I¯n-sb-cn-bp¶ Xobn \n¶pw FÃmbn-S¯pw Xos¸m-cn-IÄ ]c-¡p-¶-Xp-t]mse {]mW-\m-Ip¶

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I Bßm-hn \n¶pw kÀth-{µn-b-§fpw Ah-b-h-bpsS
Øm\-§-fn-tebv¡v Kan-¡p-¶p. At¸mÄ Ah-bpsS A[njvTm- Xm- hmb Aán apX- emb tZh-X-IÄ {]mW-§-fnÂ\n¶p {]Xy-£-s¸«v \mamZn kÀh hnj-b-§-sfbpw {]I-S-am-¡p¶p. £pc-I³ Xsâ I¯n Xsâ s]«n-bn AS-¨p-sh-¨ncn-¡p-¶-Xp-t]mse tZl-¯n ØnXn-sN-¿p¶ lrZ-b-¯n s]cp-hn-c hen-¸-¯n ]pcp-jm-Ir-Xn-bn Cuiz-c³ \nhkn-¡p-¶p. Ac-Wn-bn Aán \nKqVw hkn-¡p-¶Xpt]mse Cu ico-c-¯n Bßm-hp \J-in-Jm´w kÀh{X A{]-Xy-£-cq-]-¯n \ne-sIm-Åp-¶p.

b Ghw thZ b Ghw thZ CXn NpÀt°m [ymbx

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20. Xta- X -a m- ß m- \ - t a- X - a m- ß -t \m\z]iy´n bYm N t{ijvTn\w kzmx XZyYm t{ijvTo-kzÀ`pMv tà bYm hm kzmx t{ijvTn\w `pRvPt´y-h-tasshj {]Úm-ssX-cm-ß`nÀ `pMvtà Ghw ssh Xam-ßm-\taX Bßm-t\m-`p-RvP-´nk bmh-²hm C{µ GX-am-ßm\w \ hnP-tÚ-Xm-h-tZ-\a-kpcm A `n- _ - ` p h p x k bZ m h nP tÚ Y l X zm kpcm³ hnPnXy kÀthjmw tZhm\mw ss{ijvTyw kzcm-Pn-am-[n-]Xyw ]cn-bmb XtYm Gsshw hnZzm³ k À h m³ ] m] vat\ m A ] - l X y k À th j mw `qXm\mw ss{ijvTyw kzcm-Py-am-[n-]Xyw ]tcyXn

hf-sc-tbsd KpW-apÅ Hcp [\-hmsâ B{in-X·mÀ Abmsf A\p-k -cn-¡ p-¶ -X p-t ]mse hm¡v apX-e mb kÀth-{µn-b -§ -f m-I p¶ {]mW³ tZl-¯ n ØnXn sN¿p¶ Bßm-hns\ A\p-Kan-¡p-¶p. Hcp-[-\n-I³ Xsâ ]cn-P-\-§-tfm-sSm¸w kpJ-§Ä A\p-`-hn-¡p-Ibpw ]cn-P\-§Ä B [\n-Isâ [\s¯ A\p-`-hn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿pt¼mÄ AhÀ [\n-I-s\-¯-s¶-bm-W-\p-`-hn-¡p-¶-Xv. AXpt]mse Bßmhv hm¡v apX-em-b-h-tbm-sSm¸w Ah-bpsS {]hÀ¯-\-§Ä A\p-`-hn-¡p-Ibpw AXp-t]mse hm¡p apX-em-bh Bßm-hns\ A\p-`-hn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. tZhcm-Pm-hmb C{µ³ Bßm-hns\ Adn-bp-¶Xp hsc ssZXy·m-cn \n¶pÅ ]cm-Pb-¯n-\n-c-bm-bn-cp-¶p. F¶m Bßm-hns\ Adn-ª- tXmsS At±lw ssZXy-·msc kwlcn- ¡ p- I bpw kzÀ¤-c mPyw hos­- S p¯v tZh- · m- cn t{ijvTXzw t\Sp-Ibpw sNbvXp. AXp-t]mse Bßm-hns\-¸än Adn-bp¶ Úm\n Xsâ kÀh-]m-]§fpw \in¸n¨v kIe Pohn-I-fnepw t{ijvT-\mbn kÀhm-[n-]-Xn-bmbn `hn-¡p-¶ p. C§s\ Adn-bp¶hÀ¡v ap¼v kqNn-¸n¨ FÃm ^e-§fpw e`n-¡m-\n-S-bm-Ip-¶p. Iujo-X{Io-{_m-ÒtWm-]-\n-j¯v Ah-km-\n-¨p. -

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ssX¯n-cotbm]-\n-j¯v
Hmw im´nx! im´nx!! im´nx!!!

3

Cu D]-\n-j¯v IrjvW-b-PqÀ thZo-bssX-¯o-cnb imJbpsS A´ÀK-X -amb ssX¯o-cn-bm-c-Wy-I-¯nsâ AwK-am-I p-¶p. ssX¯n-c o-b m-c-Wy-I-¯n\v ]¯-Zv[ ym§fp­v. Ah-bn Ggv, F«v, H³]Xv Cu A²ym-b-§sf ssX¯n-co-bp-]-\n-j¯v F¶p ]d-bp-¶p.

CXnsâ AÀ°w {]Y-am-\p-hm-I-¯nÂ-BZyw sImSp-¯ncn- ¡p-¶ p.

in£m- h Ãn
{]Yam\phmIw Hmw iw t\m an{Xx iw hcpWx iw t\m `h-Xzcy amw iw \ Ct{µm _rl-k]Xnx iw t\m hnjvWp-cpv c p- { Iax \ tam {_Ò - t W. \ akvtX hmtbm. Xzmtah{]Xy£w {_lvam-kn. Xzmtah {]Xy£w {_lva hZn-jym-an. EXw hZn-jym-an. kXyw hZn-jyman. X·m-h-Xp. XZz-àm-c-a-h-Xp. Ah-Xpamw AhXp hàm- cw. Hmw im´nx! im´nx!! im´nx!!!

im´n- ] mTw
Hmw iw t\m an{Xx iw hcpWx iw t\m `hXzcy amw iw \ Ct{µm _rl-k v] Xnx iw t\m hnjv W p-c pcp{Iax \tam {_lva m- tW. \akv tX hmtbm. Xzta- h - { ]- X y£w {_lv amkn. Xzmtah {]Xy£w {_Ò hZn-jym-an. EXw hZn-jym-an. kXyw hZn-jym-an. X·m-h-Xp. XZz-àm-c-a-h-Xp. AhXp amw. AhXp hàm-cw.

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Cu {]Y-am-\p-hm-I-¯n `n¶-`n¶ iàn- I-fpsS A[njvTm-Xm-hmb ]c-{_lva ]c-ta-iz-cs\`n¶-§-fmb \ma-§fnepw cq]-§-fnepw kvXpXn-¨p-s Im­v At±-l-t¯mSp {]mÀ°n-¡p¶px B[n-ssZ-hn-Ihpw B²ym- ßn-Ihpw B²ymßn-Ihpw B[n-`u-Xn-I-hp-amb iàn-bpsS cq]-¯nepw AtX- t]mse Ah-bpsS A[n-jvTm-Xm-¡-fmb an{X³, hcpW³ apX-emb tZh-X-IfpsS cq]-¯nepw bmsXm¶v AJne- ¯ n- t âbpw Bßmhv A´- c ym- a n-b mb ]c- ta- i z- c \mbncn¡p¶pthm At±lw FÃm {]Im-c-¯nepw \ap¡p IÃym-W-a-b\m-bn-cn-¡-tW. \½psS D¶-Xn-bpsS amÀ¤-§fn bmsXmcp hn[-¯n-epÅ hnLv\ §fpw kw`-hn-¡phm³ A\p-h-Zn-¡m-Xn-cn-¡-tW. FÃm-¯n- tâbpw A´-cyman-bmb B {_Òs¯ \a-kv¡-cn-¡p-¶p.

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Cu a{´-¯ n thtZm-¨m-c -W -¯nsâ \nb-a-§ sf hÀ®n-¡p-¶-Xn\p {]XnÚ sNbvXp-sIm­v Ah-bpsS kt¦X am{Xsb Ipdn-¡p-¶p. A¡m-e¯v GsX-¦nepw injy³ ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ cl-ky-hn-Zy-bpsS PnÚm-kp-hmbn-¯o-cp-I-bm-sW-¦n Ah³ Cu \nb-a-§sf t\c-t¯Xs¶ ]qÀ®-ambpw {Kln-¨n-cn-¡p-¶-h-\m-bn-cn-¡-Ww. AXn\m Ahs\ {i²m-ep-hm-¡p-¶-Xn\v AS-bmf {]I-S-\-§Ä Xs¶ Bh-iy-am-bn-cp-¶p. a\p-jyÀ¡v Hmtcm hm¡p-IfptSbpw D¨m-c-W-¯n {i²-tbm-Sp-IqSn kwkm-cn-¡p-¶-Xn\pÅ A`ymkw kn²n-¡Ww F¶p-Å-XmWv Cu kt¦-X§-fpsS `mhw F¶p {]Xo-X-am-Ip-¶p. F¶m euIn-I-i_vZ-§-fn \nb-a-§sf ]men-¡p-hm³ Ign-bp-¶n-sÃ-¦n Ipd-ª-]£w thZ-a-{´- §-fpsS D¨m-c-W-sa-¦nepw Ahiyw in£-W-a-\p-k-cn-¨m-bn-cn-¡-Ww. I, J apX-emb hyRvP-\C{]-Imcw ]c-am-ßm-hn-t\mSp im´n-¡mbn {]mÀ°n-¨n«v hÀ®-§-fnepw A, B apX-emb kzc-hÀ®-§fpw kv]jvSkq{Xm-ßmhv {]mWsâ cq]-¯n ka-kvX-Po-hn-I-fnepw am-bn-¯s¶ D¨- cn- ¡-Ww. Z´y-amb "k' bpsS Øm\-¯n hym]n-¨n-cn-¡p¶ B ]c-ta-iz-cs\ hmbp-hnsâ \ma-t¯mXme-hy-amb "i' AYhm "j' bpsS D¨m-cWw \S-¯p-hm³ Sp-IqSn kvXpXn-¡p-¶p. tlkÀÆ-i-àn-am\pw AJn-e-¯n]mSn-Ã. "h' bpsS Øm\¯v "_' F¶pw D¨-cn- ¡p- hm³ ]mSntâbpw {]mW-kz-cq-]\pw hmbp-a-b-\p-amb ]ctaizcm, Ã. C{]-Imcw Xs¶ aäp hÀ®-§-fpsS D¨m-c-W-¯nepw A§sb \a-k¡-cn-¡p-¶p. A§pXs¶ FÃm-{]m-Wn-I-fpv {]tXy-Iamb {i² ]Xn-¸n-¨n-cn-¡-Ww. CXp-t]m-seXs¶ tSbpw {]mW-kz-cq-]-amb {]Xy-£-{_Ò BIp-¶p. AXnkwkm-cn-¡p¶ ka-bw, GXp-hÀ®s¯ GXp Øm\¯v \m Rm³ A§sb {]Xy-£-{_-Ò-¯nsâ \ma-¯n F´p `mhw {]I-Sn-¸n- ¡p- ¶- Xn\v D¨-kz-c-¯n D¨- cn-¡p-¶Xv hnfn¡pw; "EX' \ma-¯nepw Rm\-§sb kwt_m-[\ DNn-X-am-bn-cn-¡ptam GXns\ a[y-kz-c¯nepw GXns\ sN¿pw. F´p-sIm-s­-¶m FÃm {]mWn-I-tfbpw kw_\nav\-kz-c-¯nepw D¨-cn-¡p-¶Xv DNn-X-am-bn-cn-¡ptam þ Ôn¨v AXv awK-f-Im-cn-bmb \nb-a-am-Ip-¶p. A§s\-bpÅ AsXÃmw ]qÀ®-ambn {i²n¨v btYmNn-X-amb kzc-¯n \nb-a-cq-]-amb EX-¯nsâ A[n-jvTm\w A§p X¶-bm-Wkwkm-cn-¡-Ww. thZ-a-{´-§-fpsS D¨m-c-W-¯n DZm-¯tÃm. AXp-t]mse Rm³ A§sb "kXy' a¶-t]-cnepw §-fmb kzc-§sf {]tXyIw {i²n- ¡p-Ibpw FhnsS GXpkwt_m-[\ sN¿pw. F´p-sIm- s­- ¶m kXy (b-YmÀ°kzcw thWtam AXn- s\-¸-än-bpÅ bYmÀ°- Úm\w D­m`m-j-Ww) ¯nsâ A[n-jTm\ tZh-Xbpw A§p-X-s¶-bmv bn-cn-¡p-Ibpw sNt¿-­Xpw Bhiyam-W.v F´p-sIm-s­W-sÃm. kÀÆ-hym- ]nbpw A´-cym-an-bp-amb B ]c-ta-iz-c³ ¶m a{´- §-fn kzc-hy-Xymkw D­m-Ip-¶-XnÂ\n¶pw F\n¡p kZm-N-c-Whpw AXp-t]mse kXv `mj-Whpw kZv Ah-bpsS AÀ°w amdn-h-cpw. AXp-t]mse Aip-²-kz-chnZy {Kln-¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ iànbpw {]Zm\w sNbvXv Cu §sf D¨-cn-¡p-¶-h\v A\n-jvS-Xsb kzoI-cn-t¡-­- Xmbpw P\-\a-c-Wcq-]-am-Ip¶ kwkm-cN{I-¯n \n¶pw Fs¶- hcp-¶p. {lkzw, ZoÀLw, ]vfpXw C{]-Imcw am{X-I-fpsS c-£n-¡-s«. IqSm-sX, Fsâ BNm-cy\v Ch-sbÃmw D]-tZhyXymkw a\-Ên-em¡n btYm-NnXw D¨m-cWw \S-¯-Ww. in-¨p-sIm-Sp¯v FÃm-bn-S¯pw B kXys¯ {]N-cn-¸n-¡pF´p-sIm-s­- ¶m {lkz-¯nsâ Øm\¯v ZoÀLhpw ¶-Xn-\pÅ iàn {]Zm\w sNbvXv At±-ls¯ c£n-¡ZoÀL-¯ nsâ Øm\¯p {lkz-hp-am¡n D¨-cn-¡p-¶-Xps«. "ChnsS Fs¶ c£n-¡s«' "hàm-hns\ c£n-¡s«' þ sIm­v AÀ°-¯n hep-Xmb A´cw kw`-hn-¡p-¶p. F¶o hmIy-§sf BhÀ¯n¨p ]d-bp-¶Xv im´n-]m-T"knX' bpw "koX' bpw t]mse-X-s¶. _e-¯nsâ AÀ°w ¯nsâ kam-]Xnsb kqNn-¸n-¡p-¶p. v {]b-Xv\w, hÀ®-§sf D¨-cn-¡pt¼mÄ AXnsâ [z\nsb Hmw im´nx, im´nx, im´nx þ C{]-Imcw aq¶p-h«w ]d- hyà-am-¡p-¶-Xn D­m-Ip¶ {]bm-ks¯ {]bXv\w bp-¶-Xn-\pÅ ImcWw B[n-`u-XnIw, B[n-s sZ-hnIw F¶p ]d-bp- ¶p. {]bXv\w c­p- hn-[-¯n- ep­v; B`y- ´- chpw B²ym-ßnIw þ F¶o aq¶p {]Im-c-¯nepw kw`-hn-¡m- _mly-hpw. B`y-´-c-¯n\v A©pw _mly-¯n\v ]Xnhp¶ FÃm hnLv\-§-fp-tSbpw kÀÆ-\miw kw`-hn-¡s« s\m¶pw t`Z-§-fp-s ­¶v AwKo-I-cn-¡-s ¸-«n-c n-¡ p-¶ p. F¶pÅXmWv. `K-hm³ im´n-kz- cq-]-\m-Ip-¶p. AXn-\m kv]rjvSw, Cuj-Õv]r-jvSw, hnhr-Xw, CujXv hnhr-Xw, At±-l-¯nsâ kvac-W-am-{X-bn¯s¶ FÃm {]Im-c-¯n- kwhrXw þ Ch B`y-´-c-§-fmb {]b- Xv\- §- fm-Ip- ¶p. hnhmep-apÅ im´n \nÝn-X-am-Ip-¶p. c, kwhm-c, izmk, \mZ, tLmj, AtLm-j, Aev]-{]m-W, alm-{]m-W, DZm-¯, A\p-Zm-¯, kzcn-X-§Ä _mly-{]-bZznXo-b m-\ p- h mIw Xv\-§fpw BIp-¶p. DZm-l-c-W-¯n\p "I' apX "a' hscin£mw hymJym-kym-ax, hÀ®x kzcx. am{Xm bpÅ A£-c-§-fpsS B`y-´-c-{]-bXv\w kv]rjvSw BIp_ew. kma kwXm-\x. CXypàx in£m-[ym-bx. ¶p. F´p-sIm-s­- ¶m IWvTw BZn-bmb Øm\-§-fnÂ

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P

114

I {]mW-hm-bp-hnsâ kv]Ài-\w-sIm­pw Ch-bpsS D¨m-cWw
kw`- hn-¡p- ¶p. "I' bpsS _mly-{]-bXv\w hnhm- cw, izmkw, AtLm-jw, Aev]-{]mWw Ch-bm-Wv. Cu hnj-b-¯nsâ hni-Z-Úm-\-¯n\v hymI-cWw t\m¡-Ww. hÀ®-§-fpsS ka-hr-¯ n-tbm-Sp-Iq-Snb D¨m-cWw AYhm kma-Km-\ ¯nsâ coXn-Xs¶ kmaw BIp-¶p. AXn-s\-¸-än-bpÅ Adnhpw XZ-\p-k-c-W-amb D¨m-c-Whpw AXy´w Bh-iyam-Ip-¶p. kwXm-\-¯nsâ AÀ°w kwlnX F¶m-Wv. kÔn, kzcw, hyÚ-\w, hnkÀ¤w, A\p-kzmcw apX-embh AXm-Xnsâ ]c-hÀ¯n-I-fmb hÀ®-§-fpsS kwtbmKw- sIm­v ]e-bn-S-§-fnepw \qX-\-cq]w {]m]n-¡p-¶p. Cu kwtbm-K-P-\n-X-§-fmb hnIr-Xn-`m-h§sf "kÔn' F¶p ]d-bp-¶p. GsX- ¦nepw {]tXyI Øm\- ¯n kÔn {]tbmKn-¨ n-«p-s­-¦n AhnsS hÀ®-h n-Imcw D­m-Ip-¶ n-Ã. F¦n AXns\ {]Ir-Xn-`m-hw F¶p ]d-bp-¶p. Npcp-¡¯n hÀ®-§-fp- sS D¨m- c- W- ¯n ta¸- dª Bdp \nba-§-tfbpw ]men-¡-Ww.

fn kÔn ZÀin¡-¸-Sp-¶pthm A§-s\-Xs¶ Cu temImZn-I- fnepw kwln-Xm-ZrjvSn shbv¡-W-sa¶p Xmev]-cyw. AXv F{]-Im-c- amtWm A{]-Imcw C¡mcyw a\-Ên-em-¡-s¸-S- Ww. Hmtcm kÔn¡pw \mep- `m- K- §Ä hoX-ap­v þ ]qÀÆ- hÀ®w, ]c- hÀ®w, c­n-sâbpw IqSn- bpÅ cq]w XYm c­n-sâbpw kwtbm-P-I\nb-aw. CXp-t]m-se-Xs¶ bmsXmcp temIw BZn-b n kwln-X m-Zr-j vS n-sb-¸ än ImWn-¨ p-X -¶ pthm AXn\pw \mep hn`m-K-§Ä D­mIpw; þ ]qÀÆ-cq-]w, D¯-ccq-]w, kÔn (c-­pw-IqSn tNcp-t¼m-gp-­m-Ip¶ cq]w) kw[m\w (kw-tbm-P-Iw). Cu a{´-¯n temI-hn-j-b-I-amb kwln-Xm-Zr-jvSnbpsS \ncq-]Ww \S-¯-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶p. ]rYzn AXm-bXv Cu temIw Xs¶ ]qÀÆ-cq-]-am-Ip-¶p. temI-hn-j-b-I-amb almkw-ln-X-bn ]qÀÆ hÀ®-¯nsâ Øm\¯v ]rYznsb ImWWw F¶p-X m-ev]-cyw. CXp-t]m-se-Xs¶ kÀ¤hpw kwln-X-bpsS D¯-c-cq]w (]-c-hÀ®w) BIp-¶p. BImiw (A-´-co-£w) Xs¶. Cu c­n-sâbpw kÔnbpw hmbp Ch-bpsS kÔm-\hpw (kw- tbm-P-Iw) BIp-¶p. F§s\ ]qÀÆhpw D¯-c-hp-amb hÀ®-§Ä kÔn-bn tNÀ¶v H¶mbn-¯o-cp-¶pthm A§-s\-Xs¶ {]mW-hm-bp-aqew ]qÀÆ-hÀ®-Øm-\o-b-amb Cu `qX- e-¯nse {]mWn D¯-chÀ®-Øm-\o-b-amb kzÀ¤-tem-I-hp-ambn tNÀ¡-s¸-Sp¶p (kw-_-Ô- s¸-Sp-¯p-¶p).

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XrXo- b m- \ p-hmIw
kw_Ôw þ C\n BNm-cy³ Xsâbpw injy-sâbpw A`ypZ-bs¯ {]I-S-am-¡n-s¡m­v kwlnXm hnj-b-I-amb D]mk-\m-hn[n Bcw-`n-¡p¶p þ

kl \u bix. kl \u {_Ò- h À¨- k w. AYmXx kwln-Xmbm D]-\n-jZw hymJym-kym-ax. ]©-kz- [n-I-c-tW-jp. A[n-tem-I -a-[n-tPym-X nja[nhn-Zy-a[n {]P-a-²ym-ßw. Xm alm-kw-lnXm CXymN-£ -t X. AYm[n-t em-I w. ]rYnho ]qÀÆ-c q- ] w. Zyucp-¯-c-cq-]w. BImix kÔnx. hmbpx kÔm\w. CXy-[n-tem-Iw.

C u h À ® - \ - b n C jv S - a pÅ t em I - ¯ n s â {]m]vXnsb¸än ]d-ªn-cn-¡p-¶p. F´p-sIm- s­- ¶m ^e{ip-Xn-bn Cu hnZy Adn-bp-¶-Xp-sIm-­pÅ ^ew kzÀ¤tem-I-hp-ambn _Ô-s¸-«p-t]m-hpI F¶p ]d-ªn-cn-¡p-¶p. F¶m Cu hnZy-b psS ]c-¼ c \jvS -s ¸-«p-t]m-bXp ImcWw BwKy-cq-]-¯n-epÅ hÀ®-\-I-fnÂ\n¶pw F{]Cu A²ym-b-¯n BZy-ambn ka-ZÀin-bmb BNm- Imcw GXp-tem-Is¯ {]m]n-¡p-hm³ Ignbpw F¶p a\cy³ hgn X\n¡p th­nbpw injy-\p-th-­nbpw bi-Ên- Ên-em-¡p-hm³ km[y-aà F¶v Hc-\p-am\w ChnsS D­m-Iptâbpw tXP-Ên-tâbpw hr²n-¡pÅ Dt±-i-t¯m-Sp-IqSn ¶p. temI-§-fpsS {]m]vXn-bn {]mW\p {]m[m-\y-apip`m- Imw£ {]I- Sn- ¸n- ¡p- ¶p. \ap¡pw \½psS {i²m- ephpw s­¶p am{Xw a\-Ên-em-Ip-¶p. {]mW³ hgn-bm-bn-¯s¶ hn\-bhm-\p-amb injy\pw Úm\-¯nÂ\n¶pw D]m-k-\- a\-tÊmSpw C{µnb§tfm-Spw-IqSn Pohm-ßm-hnsâ {]tXy-Ibn \n¶pw e`y-am-Ip¶ biÊpw {_Ò-tX- Px-{]m-]vXnbpw temI§fn-te-¡pÅ Ka\w \S-¡p-¶p. C¡mcyw D]-\n-jD­m-I-s«. AXn-\p-tijw kwln-Xm-hn-j-b-Iambn D]-\n-j- ¯p-I-fn ]e-bn-S¯pw ]d-ªn-cn-¡p-¶p. F¶m ]rYzn ¯ns\ hymJym-\n-¡p-¶-Xn\p {]XnÚ sNbvXp-sIm­v BZy hÀ®-sa¶pw ZyptemIw c­m-as¯ hÀ®-sa¶pw AXns\ \ncq-]Ww sN¿p-¶ p. hÀ®-§ -fn-ep-­ m-Ip¶ AXp-t]mse BImiw kÔn (C-hbpsS kwbp-à-cq-]w) kÔnsb "kwlnX' F¶p ]d-bp-¶p. B kwln-X-Xs¶ F¶pw ChnsS ]d-b-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶p. (Cu IY-\-¯nsâ icnhym]-I-cq]w [cn¨v temIw apX-em-b-hsb kz´w hnj-b- bmb Bibw F´m-sW¶p a\-Ên-em-Ip-¶n-Ã.) §-fm-¡pt¼mÄ AXns\ "alm-kw-lnX' F¶p ]d-bp-¶p. AYm-[n-Pyu-Xn-jw. Aánx ]qÀÆ-cq-]w. BZnXy kwlnX AYhm kÔn A©p-{]-Im-c-¯n-ep­v þ kzcw, D¯-c-cq-] w. B]x kÔnx sshZypXx kÔm\w. hyRvP-\w, kzmZn, hnkÀ¤w, A\p-kzm-cw. Ch-Xs¶ kÔnCXy-[n-Pyu-X n-jw. bpsS A[n-jvTm-\- am-Ip-¶-X p-sIm­v ]©-k-Ôn-sb-¶ -t]cn {]kn-²-am-bn-¯oÀ¶n-cn-¡p-¶p. Cu kÔn-IÄ¡v Aán Cu `qX-e-¯n kpe-`-am-Wv. AXn-\m AXns\ A©v B{i-b-§-fp-s­-¶Xv Hcp hkvXp-X- bm-Wv. CXp-t]m- kwln-X- bpsS ]qÀÆ-hÀ®-sa¶p Icp-Xp-¶p. kqcy³ se- Xs¶ ]qÀtÆm-à-amb alm- kw- ln-Xbv¡pw AYhm alm- Zyptem-I-¯n {]Im-in-¡p-¶p. AXn-\m AXns\ D¯-ckÔn¡pw A©v B{i-b-§-fp­v þ AXv temIw, tPymXn- cq] (]-c-hÀ®) sa¶p ]d-bp-¶p. Ch c­n \n¶pw DÛÊv, hnZy, {]Pm, Bßmhv Ch-bm-Ip-¶p. F§s\ hÀ®-§- hn-¨Xp-Im-cWw taLw Xs¶ kÔnbpw AXp-t]mse -

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115

I sshZyp-X-i-àn-Xs¶ tlXphpw (k-Ôm-\w) Bbn ]d-b-s¸Sp-¶p. Cu a{´-¯n tPymXnÀhn-j-bI kwln-Xsb hÀ®n¨n«v tPymXn-Êp-I-fpsS kwtbm-K-¯nÂ\n¶pw \m\m-{]-Imc-¯n-epÅ `uXnI hkvXp-¡-fpsS {]Im-i-\§fpw AhbpsS hnÚm\ cl-kyhpw a\-Ên-em-¡p-¶p. B tPymXnÊp-I-fpsS kw_-Ô-¯n \n¶pw DÛ-hn-¨n-«pÅ t`mKy-]ZmÀ°-§Ä¡v Pe-¯nsâ \maw sImSp-¡-s¸-Sp-Ibpw Ahsb-Ãm-¯n-tâbpw D¸-¯n- bn hnZyp-¯ns\ kwtbm-PI-sa¶p ]d-b-s¸-Sp-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. F´p-sIms­¶m C¡m-e-¯pÅ sshÚm-\n-IÀ sshZypXn kw_- Ô- ¯n \n¶pw \m\m- hn-[- ¯n- epÅ `uXn- I-hn-Im-k-§Ä {]I- S-am-¡n¡m-Wn-¡p-¶p. thZ-§-fn Cu `uXn-tIm-¶-Xn-¡m-bpÅ km[-\bpw \¶m-bp-]tZ-in-¡-s¸-«n-cn-¡p¶p F¶v CXn \n¶pw hyà-am-Ip¶p; F¶m ]c-¼c \in-¨p-t]m-b-XpIm-cWw AXns\ {Kln-¨n-«p-Å-h-cpw, {Kln-¸n-¡p-hm³ Ignhp-Å-hcpw ZpÀÃ-`-am-bn-¯oÀ¶n-cn-¡p-¶p.

Im-e-¯n imkv{X-hn-[n- b-\p-k-cn¨p btYm-NnXw \nb-a-]c- ambn amXm-]n-Xm-¡Ä k´m- t\m-ev]m- Z-t\m- t±-i- t¯m-Sp-IqSn \S-¯- s¸-Sp¶ kl-hmkw Xs¶ kÔm\w (k-´m-t\m¸¯n-bpsS Imc-Ww) BIp-¶p. bmsXm-cp- ¯³ Cu clkyw a\- Ên- em¡n k´m- t\m¸- ¯n-bpsS Dt±- i- t¯m-Sp-IqSn EXpIm-e-¯n [À½-bp-à-ambn kv{Xok-l-hmkw \S-¯p¶pthm Ah³ \nÝ-b-ambpw Xsâ CÑm-\p-k-c-WapÅ t{ijvT k´m-\s¯ {]m]n-¡p-¶p.

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AYm-²ym-ßw. A[cm l\px ]qÀh-cq-]w. D¯-cml-\ p-cp-¯-c-cq-]w. hmIvk-Ô nx. Pnlzm kÔm-\w. CXy-[ ym-ßw.

Cu a{´-¯n ico-chn-j-b-I-amb kwlnXm ho£Ws¯ D]-tZ-in-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. ico-c¯nsâ {][m-\-amb AwKw apJ-am-Ip-¶p. AXn-\m apJ-¯nsâ Ah-b-h§fnÂXs¶ kwln-X-bpsS hn`m-K-§Ä ImWn-¡-s¸-Sp-¶p. apIfnse XpS-sbÃp ]c-hÀ®hpw Xmgs¯ XmSn-sbÃp kwln-X-bpsS ]qÀÆ-hÀ®hpw BIp-¶p. Cu c­n-sâbpw AYm-[n-hn-Zyw. BNmcyx ]qÀÆ-cq-]w. At´- hm-kyp-¯- kwtbm-K-¯nÂ\n¶v Ch-bpsS a²y-`m-K-¯n A`n-hy-àc-cq-]w. hnZymx kÔnx. {]h-N\w kÔm-\w. CXy[n hnZyw. am-Ip¶ hmWn-Xs¶ kÔnbpw Pnlzm kÔm-\hpw (hmWo- c p-] - a m-I ¶ kÔn-b psS {]I-S - a m-I p¶ Imc- W w) Cu a{´-¯n hnZysb kw_-Ôn¨p kwlnXm ho£Xs¶bmIp-¶p. F´p- sIm- s­- ¶m Pnlz-sb- ¡q- SmsX a\pW-¯n-epÅ D]-tZiw sImSp-¡-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶p. CXp-h-gnjyÀ¡p bmsXmcp hm¡pw D¨- cn-¡p-hm³ km²y- a-Ã. hmWnbmbn hnZym-{]m-]Xn-¡pÅ clkyw a\-Ên-em-¡-s¸-Sp-¶p. v bn Akm- [m-c-W-amb iàn ØnXn-sN- ¿p- ¶p. hmWo-Zzmcm F{]-Imcw hÀ®-k-Ôn-bn H¶v ]qÀÆ-hÀ®hpw asäm¶v {]mÀ°\ \S¯n a\p-jyÀ¡p ico-c-¯nsâ t]mj-Whpw ]c-hÀ®-hp-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm AXp-t]mse Xs¶ ChnsS AXns\ t{ijvT-am-¡p- ¶-Xn-\pÅ FÃm kma-{KnIfpw {]m]nhnZym-cq-]-kw-ln-X-bn Kpcp-hm-Is« ]qÀÆ hÀ®hpw `àn¡p-hm³ km[n-¡p-¶p. HmwIm-c-kz-cq-]amb ]c-ta-iz-csâ hn-\b-t¯m-Sp-IqSn Kpcp-hns\ tkhn-¡p¶ hnZym-`n-em-jn\ma-P-]-¯nÂ\n¶pw ]c-am-ßm-hn-t\bpw {]m]n-¡p-hm³ bmb injy³ ]c-hÀ®-hp-am-Ip-¶p. AXp-t]mse kÔnkm[n-¡p-¶p. C{]-Imcw hmWn-bn imco-cn-Ihpw Bßbn c­p- hÀ®- §- fpsS kwtbm-Kw- sIm­v F§ns\ aq¶mhn-jb-I-hp-amb c­p-X-c-¯n-epÅ D¶Xn kwPm-X-am-¡pa-Xmbn Hcp ]pXnb hÀ®-ap-­m-Ip-¶pthm AtX-{]-Imcw ¶-Xn-\pÅ Ignhp \nd-ªp-\n¡p-¶p. Cu cl-kys¯ Kpcp-hn-tâbpw injy-tâbpw kw_-Ô-¯n \n¶p-Û-hna\-Ên-em¡n bmsXmcp a\p-jy³ Xsâ hmWnsb bYm¡p¶ þ hnZy Úm\w-Xs¶ þ ChnsS kÔn- bm-Ip-¶p. Cu tbmKyw D]-tbm-Kn- ¡p-¶pthm Ah³ hmIviàn {]m]n-¨n«v hnZym-cq-]-kÔn {]I-S-am-Ip-¶-Xn-\pÅ Imc-W-amWp {]h-NAXp-h-gn-bmbn A`o-jS- ^-es¯ {]m]n-¡p-¶-Xn kaÀ°v \w. Kpcp-hnsâ D]-tZ- ihpw injysâ {i²m-]qÀÆ- apÅ {ih\mbn `hn-¡p-¶p. Whpw {Kl-Whpw þ Xs¶ kÔm\w BIp-¶p. bmsXm-cp¯³ Cu clkyw a\-Ên-em¡n hnZzm-\mb Kpcp-hns\ CXoam alm kwlnXm b Gh-taXm alm-kwtkhn-¡p-¶pthm Ah³ XoÀ¨-bmbpw hnZysb {]m]n-¨n«v lnXm hymJymXm thZ. kw[o-btX {]Pbm ]ipÚm\n-bm-bn- ¯o-cp-¶p. `nx. {_Ò-hÀ¨-tk-\m-¶m-tZy\ kphÀt¤W temtICu a{´-¯n A©p-{]-Im-c-¯n ]d-ªn-cn-¡p¶ alm- kw-ln- X-I-fpsS bYmÀ°-Úm-\-^ew ]d-b-s¸-«n-cn-¡pCu a{´- ¯n kwln-Xm-cq-]-¯n {]Pm-hÀ®\w \S¶p. Chsb Adn-bp-¶-h\p Xsâ CÑ-¡-\p-Iq-e- amb k´m¯n-bn«v k´m-\-{]m-]vXn-¡pÅ clkyw a\-Ên-em-¡p-¶p. \s¯ {]m]n-¡p-hm³ Ignbp-Ibpw hnZy-h-gn-bmbn {_Ò Cu {]Pm-hn-j- b- kw- ln- X-bn amXm- hm- Is« ]qÀÆ-hÀ®hpw tXP-Ê-¼-¶-\mbn `hn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. Xsâ CÑm-\p]nXmhv ]c-hÀ®-hp-am-Ip-¶p. c­p hÀ®-§-fpsS kÔnk-c-Wambn \m\m-{]-Im-c-¯n-epÅ arK-§-tfbpw A¶w bnÂ\n¶pw Hcp ]pXnb hÀ®w D­m-Ip-¶-Xp-t]mse amXmapX-emb t`mKy-]-ZmÀ°§tfbpw k¼m-Zn-¡p-hm³ Ign-bphn-sâbpw ]nXm-hn-sâbpw kwtbm-K-¯n \n¶pw DÛ-hn¶p. C{X-am-{X-a-Ã, Ah\p kzÀ¤-tem-I-{]m-]Xnbpw D­m-Ipv ¡p¶ k´m-\w-Xs¶ Cu kwln-X-bn c­n-sâbpw ¶p. Ch-aqew temI-hn-j-b-amb kwln-X-bpsS Úm\kÔn (kw-bpà kzcq-]w) BIp-¶p. AXp-t]mse EXp-

AYm-[n-{]-Pw. amXm ]qÀÆ-cq-]w, ]ntXm-¯-c-cq-]w. {]Pm kÔnx. {]P-\\w kÔm-\w. CXy-[n-{]-Pw.

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I ¯m kzÀ¤mZn D¯-a-temI§fpw tPymXnÀhn-j-b-I-amb

Xm-X vkw-_-`q-h. k tat{µm-ta-[bm kv]rtWm-X p. Aar-X ky tZh [mctWm `qbm-k w. icocw ta hnNÀjWw. Pnlzm ta a[p-a¯-am. IÀ®m`ymw `qcn hn{ip-hw. {_ÒWx tImtimkn ta[bm ]nln-Xx. {ipXw ta tKm]m-b.

awK-e-a-b-amb hf-sc-b-[nIw hm¡p-Isf {ihn-¨p-sIm-­nÚm\-¯m \m\mhn-[-¯n-epÅ `uXn-Ih-kvXp-¡fpw cn-¡-tW. AXm-bXv Fsâ IÀ®-§-fn BNm-cy-\m {]Pm-hn-j-b-Ik-Ôn-bpsS Úm\-¯m k´m-\-§fpw hÀ®n-¡-s¸« cl-kys¯ ]qÀ®-ambn {ihn-¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ hnZym- hn-j-b-I-kw- ln-X-bpsS Úm\-¯m hnZybpw {_Ò- iàn-bp-­m-¡-tW. F\n¡v A§-bpsS awK-f-a-b-amb tX- PÊv B²ym-ßnI kwlnX Ch-bpsS hnÚm-\-¯m biÊp {ihn-¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ Ah-kcw e`y-am-¡tW. tl HmwIm-cta! \o ]c-ta-iz-csâ \n[n-bm-Ip-¶p. AXm-bXv B hmIvi-àn-{]m-]vXnbpw D­mIpw F¶p a\-Ên-em-¡-Ww. ]qÀ®-{_Ò ]c-ta-iz-c³ \n¶n \nd-ªn-cn-¡p¶p; F´p{ipXn-bn FÃm kwln-X-I-fp-tSbpw Úm\-¯nsâ sIm-s­-¶m \man-\m-a-s¯-¯s¶ B{i-bn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. kmaq-ln-I-amb ^e§sf ]d-ªn-cn-¡p-¶p. {ipXn CuizC§s\ Bbn-cp-¶n«pw \o a\pjycpsS euInI _p²ncsâ hmWn-bm-Ip-¶p. AXn-\m CXnsâ clkyw a\-Ênbm s]mXn-b-s¸«pw Ccn-¡p-¶p. euIn-Iamb XÀ¡-§em¡n {i²-tbmSpw hnizm-k-t¯m-Spw-IqSn D]-cyp-à-amb fm A\p- kÔm\w sN¿-s¸-Sp-¶- h-cpsS _p²n- bn \nsâ D]m-k-\-Isf A\p-jTn-¨m \nÊ-tµ-lambpw FÃm ^ev {]`mhw hyà-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶n-Ã. tl tZhm, \o tIÄ¡-s¸« §-tfbpw {]m]n-¡p-hm³ km[yam-Ip-¶p. D]-tZ-is¯ c£n-¡q. AXm-bXv F\n¡v bmsXm-cp-]-tZiw {ihn-¡p-¶-Xn-\p km[n-¨pthm AXns\ Rm³ kvacn-¨pNXpÀ°m-\ p-hmIw sIm­v AX-\p-k-cn¨v Fsâ PohnXw Bhn-jv¡-cn-¡p-¶bivO-µ-km-ar-j-t`m-hn-iz-cq-]x. Otµmt`ym[yarXn\p Ir]-sN-¿p. kw _Ô w þ C\n sFi z- c ys¯ A`n- e - j n- ¡ p- ¶ hÀ¡pth­n lh\w \S-¯p-¶-Xn-\pÅ a{´s¯ Bcw-`n¡p¶p þ

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Cu \mem-a-\p-hm-I-¯n ta{ipXw tKm]mb Cu hmIyw hsc ]c-{_Ò ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ {]m]n-¯m-h-iy-amb _p²n-_-ehpw imco-cn-I-_-ehpw {]m]n-¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ Dt±iy-t¯m-Sp-IqSn ]c-ta-iz-c-t\mSv At±-l-¯nsâ \ma-amb HmwIm-c- ]mcm {]mÀ°n-¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ {]I-c-W-§Ä \nÀt±in-¡-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶p. Hmw F¶-Xv, thtZm-à-§-fmbn ]c-taiz-c-\pÅ \ma-§-fn-seÃmw t{ijvThpw kÀÆ-cq-]-hp-am-Ip¶p. F´p-sIms­¶m Hmtcm a{´- ¯n-tâbpw BZn- bn HmwImcw D¨-cn-¡-s¸-Sp-Ibpw HmwIm-c-¯nsâ D¨m-cWw k¼qÀ® thZ-§-fpsS D¨m-c-W-^ew {]m]vXam-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p- ¶p. AXp-t]mse Ahn-\m-in-bmb thZ-§-tfmSpw Cu HmwImcw {][m-\-cq-]¯n {]I-S-am-bn-cn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p¶p. HmwImcw \mahpw ]c- ta- iz-c³ \manbpw BIp-¶p. AXn\m c­pw ]c-kv]cw A`n-¶-am-Wv. {]W-h-cq-]amb B ]c-a m-ß mhv AJn-e -¯ n-tâbpw ]c-ta-i z-c ³ BbXp ImcWw ""C{µ³'' F¶ t]cn {]kn-²-\m-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. B C{µ³ Fs¶ ta[miàn-bm k¼-¶-am-¡-s«. "[oÀ[m-cWm-hXo ta[m' F¶ tImi-hm-Iy-a-\p-k-cn¨v [mcWm iànbm k¼-¶-amb _p²n-bpsS \maw "ta[m' F¶m-W.v ]cam-ßmhv Fs¶ ]Tn-¨Xpw {Kln-¨-Xp-amb `mh-§sf hln¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ iàn-bm k¼-¶-\m-¡tW F¶p Xm¸cyw. tl tZh, Rm³ A§-bpsS Assl-XpIo Ir]-bm B Aar-X- amb kzcq-]s¯ kz´w lrZ-b-¯n hln-¡p¶-h-\m-bn-¯o-c-s«. A§-bpsS D]m-k-\-bn bmsXm-cp-hn[-amb hnLv\§fpw kw`-hn-¡m-Xn-cn-¡p-¶-Xn\v Fsâ icocw tcmK-c-ln-X- am-¡n-¯oÀ¡-tW. Fsâ Pnlz AÛpX-I-c-amb a[p-c-hm-Wn-bm A§-bpsS a[p-c-\m-a-§-tfbpw KpW-§-tfbpw IoÀ¯n¨v Ah-bpsS a[p-c-ckw Bkz-Zn¡p- ¶-Xmbn `hn-¡-tW. Rm³ Fsâ c­p IÀ®-§Ä hgn

Bh-l´o hnX-\zm\m IÀhm-Wm-No-c-am-ß-\x. hmkmwkn aa Kmh-Ý. A¶-]mt\ N. kÀÆ-Zm. XtXm. ta {inbam-h-l. temaimw ]ip`nx kl kzmlm.
\mem-a-\p-hm-I-¯nse D]-cyp-à-amb Cu Awi-¯n sFizcys¯ Imw£n-¡p¶ kIm-c-a-cmb a\p-jyÀ¡pth­n ]c-ta-iz-c-t\mSp {]mÀ°n-¨p-sIm­v AKv\n-bnev BlqXn \ÂIp¶ coXn- sb-¸än ]d-bp- ¶p. "AÃtbm AKv\nbpsS A[n-jvTm-Xm-hmb ]c-ta-izc, Fsâ kz´- am-bn-«pÅ Bh-iy-¯n\p th­n-h-¶m hnew_w IqSmsX \m\m-{]Im-c-¯n-ep-ff hkv{X§fpw tKm¡fpw `£n-¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ FÃm hkvXp-¡fpw Ft¸mgpw Zm\w sN¿p- I, Ahsb A`nhr-²n-s¸-Sp-¯p-I, AXp-t]mse Ahsb \hq-\-am-¡n-¯-cnI. \q F\n-¡p-th­n BSv apX-embn tcma-§-tfm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bhbpw aäp Xc-¯n-ep-ap-f-Af arK-k-ln-X-amb sFiz-cyt¯bpw {]Zm-\w-sN-¿q. AXm-bXv FÃm t`mK-km-a-{K-ln-Ifp-tSbpw km[-\m-cq-]-amb [\s¯ \o F\n-¡mbn Zm\w sN¿pI F¶- XmWv {]mÀ°- \- bpsS Bi- bw. Cu a{´s¯ D¨-c n-¨ n«v "kzmlm' F¶ hmt¡m-Sp-IqSn AKv\n-b n BlpXn sN¿-Ww. CXv sFiz-cy-{]-]vXn-¡pÅ km[-\-bmIp-¶p. kw_-Ô w- þ -B-Nm-cy³ {_Ò-Nm-cn-bpsS lnXmÀ°w F{]Imcw lh\w \S-¯Ww? CXnsâ hn[n-IÄ ]d-bp-¶p.þ

B amb´p {_Ò-Nm-cnWx kzmlm. hnam-b´p {_Ò-Nm-cnWx kzmlmx {]am-b´p {_lva-Nm-cnWx kzmlm. Za-b´p {_lva-Nm-cnWx kzmlm. iam-b´p {_lvam-Nm-cnWx kzmlm.

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I

\mem-a-\p-hm-I-¯nsâ Cu Awi-¯n injy-ln-X-¯n\mbn BNm-cy³ GsXÃmw a{´-§ÄZzmcm lh\w sN¿Wtam Ahsb hÀ®n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. BNm-cy³ "D¯-a-{_lva-Nm- cn-IÄ Fsâ-b-Sp-¡Â hnZy-b-`y-kn-¡p-¶-Xn\p hcs«' F¶pÅ Dt±-iy-t¯m-Sp-IqSn a{´w sNmÃn "kzmlm' F¶ D¨m-c-W-t¯m-sS BZym-lpXn \ÂIs«; "Fsâ {_Ò-Nmcn Im]-Sy-iq-\y-\m-bn-cn-¡s«' F¶ Dt±-i-t¯msS a{´w sNmÃn "kzmlm' F¶ D¨m-c-W-t¯m-Sp-IqSn c­m-as¯ BlpXn kaÀ¸n-¡-s«. ""{_lva-Nm-cn-IÄ C{µn-b§sf AaÀ¨-h-cp- ¯n-b-h-cm-bn-¯o-cs«' Cu Dt±-i-t¯m-Sp-IqSn \mem-as¯ BlpXn kaÀ¸n-¡-s«. AXp-t]mse ""{_lvaNm-cn-IÄ a\-kkns\ kzm[o-\-¯n-em-¡n-b-h-cm-bn-cn-¡s«'' v Cu Dt±-i-t¯m-Sp-IqSn at{´m-¨m-c-W-]qÀÆIw"kzmlm' i_vZ-t¯msS A©m-as¯ BlpXn kaÀ¸n-¡s«. kw_-Ô w- þ -B-Nm-cy³ Xsâ euIn-Ihpw ]mc-eu-In-I-hpamb lnX-§Ä¡p-th­n F{]-Imcw lh\w \S-¯Ww? AXnsâ hn[nIsf¸än ]d-bp-¶p.

"F{]-Imcw kakvX Pe {]hm-l-§fpw Xmgv¶ `mK-t¯bvs¡m-gpIn kap-{Z-¯n tNcp¶pthm F{]-Imcw amk-Zn\- §-fpsS A´yw kwh-Õ- c-cq-]-am- Ip¶ Ime-¯n sN¶p tNcp-¶pthm tl hn[m-Xm. A{]-Imcw Fsâ ASp-¡Â FÃm `mK-¯p-\n¶pw {_Ò-Nm-cn-IÄ hcp-Ibpw Rm³ AhÀ¡p hnZy-bp-]tZ-in-¨n«v awK-f-Im-cn-I-fmb D]-tZ-i§fpw \ÂIn Fsâ IÀ¯-hy- t¯bpw AXp- t]mse A§bpsS BÚ-tbbpw ]men-¨p-sIm­v Pohn-¡s«' Cu Dt±i-t¯m-Sp- IqSn a{´-ap- ¨- cn¨v "kzmlm' i_vZ- t¯m- Sp-ISn Bdmas¯ BlpXn Aán-bn AÀ¸n-¡-Ww. "tl ]c-am-ß³! A§v AJn-e-¯n-tâbpw hn{i-aØm-\-am-Ip-¶p. Ct¸mÄ F\n-¡p-th­n A§-bpsS Znhy-kz-cq-]s¯ {]Im-in-¸n-¨pX-cn- Ibpw Fs¶ kzoI-cn-¡bpw sNbvXm-epw. Cu Dt±-it¯msS a{´-ap-¨cn¨v "kzmlm i_vZ-t¯m-Sp-IqSn Ggmw BlpXn Aán-bn CS-Ww. C{]-Imcw Cu temI-¯n-sâbpw ]c-tem-I-¯n-sâbpw D¶-Xn-¡pÅ ]c-am-ßm-hn-t\m-SpÅ {]mÀ°-\bpw AtXm-SpIq-Sn-bpÅ lh-\-hp-am-sW¶p ]d-b-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶p.

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`qÀ`phx kph-cnXn hm GXm-kvXnkvtdm hymlrX-bx. Xmkmap l kvssaXmw NXpÀYow amlm-N\mem-a-²ym-b- ¯nsâ Cu Awi-¯n BNm-cy³ Xsâ akyx {]th-Z-b-tX. al CXn. XZv{_-Ò. k Bßm. lnX-¯n-\p-th­n sN¿-s¸-tS­ lh-\s¯ hÀ®n- ¨n- cn-¡p- AMvKm\y\ym tZh-Xmx. `qcnXn hm Abw temIx. ¶p. "Bfp- I-fn Rm³ bi- kzn-bm-I-s«. temI-¯n Fsâ `ph CXy-´ -c n-£ w. kph- c n-X yku temIx. al bi-Ênsâ kuc`yw kÀÆ{X hym]n- ¡-s«. Fsâ bi-Ên\p CXym-Zn-Xyx. BZn-tXy\ hmh kÀth temIm aloIf-¦-ta¡-¯¡ BN-c-W-§-sfm¶pw F¶nÂ\n¶pw b-t ´.
D­m- Im-Xn- cn-¡s«' Cu Dt±- iy-t¯msS "btim Pt\ km\n' F¶ a{´s¯ D¨-cn-¨p-sIm­v "kzmlm' ]Z-t¯m-Sp-IqSn BZym-lpXn AÀ¸n- ¡-Ww. "alm-[-\n-I- \-½msc At]-£n¨p Rm³ AXy-[nIw k¼-¶-\mbn `hn-¡s«' Cu Dt±-is¯ ap³ \nÀ¯ n a{´ s¯ D¨- c n- ¨ p- s Im­ v "kzmlm' i_vZt¯msS c­m-as¯ BlpXn Aán-bn AÀ¸n-¡Ww. "tl `K-h³, Rm³ A§-bpsS Znhy kzcq-]-¯n {]th- i n- ¡ s«' Cu Dt±- i - t ¯msS a{´ w D¨- c n¨v "kzmlm' i_vZ-t¯msS aq¶m- a- s¯ BlpXn Aán- bn- eÀ¸n¡- Ww. "tl `K-h³ A§-bpsS Znhy- kz-cq]w F¶n {]hnjvS-am-bn-¯o-cs«' , Fsâ a\-Ên ØnXn-sN-¿s«' Cu Dt±- i-t¯m- Sp-Iq-Snb at{´m-¨m-cW klnXw "kzmlm' i_vZt¯msS \mem-as¯ BlpXn Aán-bn kaÀ¸n-¡-Ww. "tl `K-h³, Bbn-c-¡-W-¡n\p imJ-I-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb A§bpsS B Znhy-cq-]-¯n [ym\-\n-a-á-\mbn Rm³ kzmbam-bn-¯s¶ hnip-²-\m-bn-¯o-cs«' Cu Dt±-i-t¯m-Sp-IqSn at{´m-¨m-c-W-]qÀÆw "kzmlm' i_vZ-t¯m-Sp-IqSn A©mas¯ BlpXn Aán-bn Hgn-¡-Ww. Cu A©m-as¯ A\p-hm- I-¯n `qx, `phx, kzx, alxþ Cu \mep hymlr-Xn- I- fpsS (a-{´- §-fp- sS) D]m-k-\m- c- lkyw ]d-ªn«v AXnsâ ^es¯ hÀ®n-¡p-¶p. BZy-ambn `qx, `phx, kzmx þ Cu aq¶p hymlr-Xn-IÄ {]kn-²-§-sf¶ Imcyw ]d-ªn-cn-¡p-¶p. F¶m Ch-sb-¡q-SmsX \memas¯ hymlr-Xn-bmb "alx' F¶-Xnsâ D]m- k\m clkyw hfsc ap³t] Xs¶ alm-N-a-ksâ ]p{X³ {Kln-¨n-cp-¶p. Cu \mep hymlr-Xn-I-sfbpw \mep {]Im-c-§-fn {]tbmKn¨v D]m-kn-¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ hn[n-IÄ ap¼p-]-d-ªn«pÅ B Imew apX {]N-cn-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. CXn-\p-tijw Cu \mep hymlr-Xn-I-fn F{]-Im-c-¯n-epÅ `mh-\ItfmSp-IqSnb D]m-k\ \S-¯Ww F¶p CXv a\-Ên-em-¡p-¶p. Cu \mep hymlr-Xn-I-fn F{]-Im-c-¯n-epÅ `mh-\-I-tfm-Sp-IqSnb D]m-k\ \S-¯Ww F¶p CXv a\-Ên-em-¡p-¶p. Cu \mep hymlr-Xn-I-fn \mem- a-t¯-Xmb "alx' Gähpw {][m\-s¸-«-Xm-Ip-¶p. AXn-\m D]mky tZh-X-I-fn "alx' hymlr-Xnsb {_Ò-¯nsâ kzcq-]-sa¶p a\-Ên-em-¡-Ww þ \mem-as¯ hymlr-Xn-bmb "alx' {_Ò-¯nsâ \ma-amb-Xp-sIm­v {_Òw-X-s¶-bm-Ip-¶p. F´p-s Im-s­- ¶m {_Òw FÃm-¯n-sâbpw Bßm-hm-Ip-¶p, kÀÆ-kz-cq-]-amIp-¶p. aäpÅ FÃm tZh-X-IÄ AXnsâ AwK-§-fp-am-Ip¶p. AXn-\m GsX- ¦nepw Hcp tZhX Cu hymlr-XnIfmÂ

bti m Pt\k m\ n k zml m. t{i bm³ hkytkmkm\n kzmlm. Xw Xzm `K {]hn-im\n kzmlm. k am `K {]hni kzmlm. Xkvan³ klkvdimtJ \n `Kmlw Xzbn artP kzmlm. -

]©-am- \ p- h mIw

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bYm]x {]hXm b´n bYm amkm AlÀPcw. Ghw amw {_Ò-]m-cn-tW-[m-Xcm-b-´p-kÀÆ-Xxkzm-lm. {]Xn-thtimkn{] am `mhn {] am ]Zy-kz.

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118

I D]m-kn-¡ -s ¸-Sp-¶p-s h-¦n AXv kÀÆ-kz-cq-]-\mb
]ctaizcsâ Xs¶ D]m-k\ F¶ Imcyw ad-¶p-t]m-IcpXv. FÃm tZh-X- Ifpw At±-l-¯nsâ Xs¶ AwK§fm-bXp-sIm­v aäp tZh-X-I-fpsS D]m-k-\bpw At±-l¯nsâ Xs¶-bm-Ip-¶p. AXn-\p-tijw Cu hymlr-Xn-Ifn temI§-sf-¸än Nn´n-¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ hn[nbpw C{]-Imcw ]d-ªncn-¡p-¶p. þ "`qx' CXv ]rYzn-sb-¡p-dn-¡p-¶p. "`qhx' A´-co£-t¯-bpw, "kzx' kp{]-kn-²-amb kzÀ¤-tem-I-t¯-bpw, "alx' CXv kqcy-t\bpw Ipdn-¡p-¶p. F´p-sIms­¶m kqcy-\nÂ\n¶pw FÃm temI-§fpw alnam\znX-am-bn-s¡m­n-cn-¡p-¶p. `qx, `phx, kzxþ Cu aq¶p hymlr-Xn-Ifpw B ]c-ta-iz-csâ hncmSv ico-ccq-]-am-Ip¶ Cu Øqe {_Òm- WvUs¯ Ipdn- ¡p- ¶pþ AXm- bXv ]c- ta- iz- csâ AwK¯nsâ \mahpw AXp-t]mse "alx' F¶ \mem-as¯ hymlrXn Cu hncmSv ico-cs¯ {]Im-in-¸n-¡p¶ AXnsâ Bß-kz-cq-]-am-Ip¶p ]c-ta-iz-cs\ Ipdn-¡p-¶-Xp-am-Ip-¶p. "alx' CXp kqcysâ \maw BIp-¶p. kqcysâ Bßmhpw ]c-ta-iz-c³ Xs¶-bm-Ip-¶p. AXn-\m kqcy-cq-]-¯n \n¶v FÃm temI-§-tfbpw At±-lw-Xs¶ {]Im-in-¸n-¨psIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. AXp-sIm­v ChnsS kqcysâ D]-e-£W-¯nÂ\n¶pw Cu hncmSv ico-cs¯ {]Im-in-¸n-¨p-sIm­n-cn-¡p¶ CXnsâ Bß-cq-]amb ]a-tc-iz-c-s\-¯s¶ D]m-k- \-bpsS e£y-am-¡n-bn-cn-¡p-¶p.

¶-Xn-\m Xs¶ ka-kvtX-{µn-b-§fpw kz´-amb hnj-b§sf {]Im-in-¸n-¡p-hm³ Ihn-hp-Å-Xm-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. a\-Êns\-¡q-SmsX H¶pw km²y-a-Ã. AXn-\m FÃm tPymXn-ÊpI-fnepw {][m\w N{µ-s\¶pw a\-Ên-s\-¯s¶ "alx' hymlrXn cq]w F¶pw Adn-bWw. F´p-sIm-s­-¶m N{µ-\nÂ\n¶pw AXm-bXp a\-Ên \n¶p-Xs¶ FÃm tPymXnÀcq-t]-{µn-b-§fpw aln-a m-\zn-X-am-bn-s¡m-­n-cn-¡p¶p. C{]-Imcw a\-Ênsâ cq]-¯n ]c-ta-iz-cs\ D]m-kn¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ hn[n hyà-am-¡-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶p. CXp-t]mse Xs¶ thZ-§-fpsS hnj-b-¯nepw hymlr-Xn-I-fpsS {]tbmKw-aq-e-apÅ ]c-ta-iz-tcm-]m- k-\-bpsS {]Im-c-§Ä \nÀt±-in¡-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶p. CXm-W-Xnsâ `mhw. "`qx' CXv EtKz-Z-am-Ip-¶p. "`phx' kma-th-Zhpw "kzx' bPpÀth-Zhpw "alx' {_Òhpw BIp-¶p. F´p-sIm-s­¶m {_Ò-¯nÂ\n¶pw FÃm thZ-§fpw aln-am-bp-àam-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. FÃm thZ-§-fnepw hÀ®n-¨n-«pÅ kakvX Úm\-§fpw ]c-{_-Ò-]-c-ta-iz- c-\nÂ\n-¶p-Xs¶ {]I-Shpw At±-l-¯nÂ\n-¶p-Xs¶ hym]vX-hp-am-Ip-¶p. AXp-t]mse B ]c-ta-iz- csâ XXz-§-fpsS hÀ®\w Cu thZ-§-fn ImWp-Ibpw sN¿p¶p; AXn- \m CXv At±- l-¯nsâ alnX-s¶-bm-Ip-¶p. C{]-Imcw thZ-§-fnse Cu hymlr-Xn-IfpsS {]tbm-Kw-sIm­v D]m-k\ sN¿-Ww.

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`qcnXn hm Aánx. `ph CXn hmbpx. kph-cnXym ZnXyx. al CXn N{µ-amx. N{µ-akm hmh kÀhmWn tPymXowjn alo-b-t´. `qcnXn hm ENx. `ph CXn kmam-\ n. kph- c nXn bPpw- j n. al CXn-{ _- Ò . {_ÒWm hmh kÀth thZm alo-b-t´.
CXp-t]mse Xs¶ ho­pw tPymXn- Êp-I-fn Cu hymlrXn-IÄZzmcm ]c-ta-iz-csâ D]m-k-\m-{]-Im-c-§Ä \nÀt±- in- ¡s¸-Sp-¶p. "`px' F¶ hymlrXn Aán-bpsS \ma-am-b-Xn-\m Aán Xs¶-bm- Ip¶p F¶p `mhw. Aán-tZ-hX hmWn- bpsS A[n-jvTm-\- tZ- h-Xbpw hmWn Hmtcm hnj- b-§-tfbpw hyàam¡n {]Im-in-¸n-¡p-¶-Xp-Im-cWw tPymXnÊpw BIp-¶p. AXn-\m AXpw tPymXn-Êp-IfpsS D]m-k-\-bn "`qx' F¶p tXm¶p-am-dm-Ip-¶p. "`phx' CXv hmbp-hm-Ip-¶p. hmbptZ-hX XzKn-{µn-b-¯nsâ A[n-j vTm-Xmhpw XzKn-{µnbw kv]Ài-\s¯ {]Im-in-¸n-¡p-¶-Xp-amb tPymXn-Êp-am-Ip-¶p. AXn-\m tPymXnÀ-hn-j-b-I-amb D]m-k-\-Ifn hmbp-hnt\bpw Xz¡n-t\bpw "`phx' cq]-¯n a\-Ên-em-¡-Ww. "kzx' CXv kqcy-\m-Ip-¶p. kqcy³ t\t{X- {µn- b-§-fpsS A[njvTm-Xm-hm-Ip-¶p. t\t{X-{µn-bhpw kqcysâ klm-b-t¯mSp-IqSn cq]s¯ {]Im-in-¸n-¡p¶ tPymXn-Êm-Ip-¶p. AXn\m tPymXnÀhn-j-b-I-amb D]m-k-\-I-fn kqcy-t\bpw t\t{X-{µn-b¯bpw "kzx' F¶ hymlrXn cq]-¯n a\Ên-em-¡-Ww. "alx' F¶ \mem-as¯ hymlrXn N{µ-\msW¶p tXm¶p-¶p. N{µ³ a\-Ênsâ A[n-jTm-\-tZ-h-X-bmv Ip-¶p. a\-Ênsâ klm-b¯m a\-tÊm-sSm-¯p-h-kn-¡p-

`qcnXn ssh {]mWx. `ph CXy-]m-\x. kph-cnXn hym\x. al CXy-¶w. At¶\ hmh kÀtÆ {]mWm alo-b-t´. Xm hm GXm-Ý-X-kvd-Ý-XpÀ[m. NX-kvdÝ-X kvtdm hymlr-X-bx. Xm tbm thZ. k thZ {_Ò. kÀthkvssa tZhm _en-am-h-l-´n.
A X n- \ p - t i j w { ] mW s â hn j - b - ¯ n  C u hymlrXnIfpsS {]tbm-Kw-sIm-­pÅ {]Im-c-§sf {Kln¸n-¡p-¶p. "`qx' {]mW\pw "`phx' A]m-\\pw "kzx' hym\\pw BIp-¶p. C§s\ PKZv hym]n-bmb kakvX {]mW³Xs¶-bmWv Cu aq¶p hymlr-Xn-I-fpw. A¶w "alx' cq]-amIp¶ \memas¯ hymlr-Xn-bm-W.v F´p-sIm- s­-¶m F{]-Imcw hymlr-Xn-Ifn "alx' {][m-\-am-bn-cn-¡-¶pthm AtX-{]-Imcw Xs¶ FÃm {]mWtâbpw t]mjWw \S¯n Ah-bpsS aln-asb \ne-\nÀ¯p-Ibpw hfÀ¯p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶-Xp-Im-cWw Ahsb At]-£n¨v A¶w {][m-\-s¸«-Xm-Ip-¶p. AXn-\m {]mWsâ A´-cym-an-bmb ]ctaizcsâ D]m-k\ A¶-¯nsâ cq]-¯n \S-¯-s¸-S-Ww. C{]-Imcw \mep hymlr-XnItfbpw \mep {]Im-c-¯n {]bp- à- am¡n D]m-kn- ¡p-¶- Xn-\pÅ coXnsb ]d-ªn«v AXv {Kln¨v D]m- kn-¡p-¶-Xp-sIm- ­p- ­m-Ip¶ ^e§sf-¡p-dn¨p ]d-bp-¶p. \mep {]Im-c-W§-fn-embn {]bp-à-amb Cu \mep hymlr-Xn-I-fp-sSbpw D]m-k- \-I-fpsS clkyw bmsXmcp-¯³ Adn-bp-¶pthm AXm-bXv a\-Ên-em-¡n-bn«v AXn-\\p-k-c-W-ambn ]c-{_Ò ]c-am-ßm-hns\ D]m-kn-¡p-¶pthm Ah³ {_Òs¯ Adn-b p-Ibpw ka-kvX -tZ-h -X -I fpw

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119

I Ah\p ImgvN kaÀ¸n-¡p-Ibpw

¶p. A´y-Im-e¯v B alm-]p-cp-j³ B amÀ¤-¯nÂIqSn ico-c¯nsâ shfn-bn IS¶v "`px' F¶p ]d-bs¸-Sp¶ Aán-bn ØnXn-sN-¿p-¶p. {_Ò-Ú m\n {_Ò-tem-I-¯nte¡p t]mIp-t¼mÄ Ah³ BZy-ambn tPymXnÀa-bnbpw jjvTm-\ p- h mIw A`n-am-\n-bp-amb Aán-tZ-hX- bpsS A[n-Im-c-¯n h¶pk b Gtjm´Àlr-Zb BIm-ix. Xkvan-¶bw tN-cp-¶p. A\-´cw hmbp-hn ØnXn-sN-¿p-¶p. AXm-bXv ]pcptjm at\m-a-bx. AartXm lnc-×-bx. `qan-ap-X kqcy-tem-Iw-h-sc-bpÅ FÃm BIm-i-§-fnepw Cu A\p-hm-I-¯n \mep-kw-K-Xn-IÄ ]d-ªn-cn-¡p- bmsXm- cp-¯sâ A[n- Imcw \ne-\n¡p- ¶pthm bmsXm¶v v ¶p. Ah-bpsS kw_Ôw ]qÀÆm-\p-hm-I-¯n ]d-ªn- F§pw k©-cn-¡p¶ hmbp-hnsâ A[n-jTm-\-tZ-h-X-bm-bn«pÅ D]-tZi§fnÂ\n¶pw hyXy-kvX-hp-am-Ip-¶p. B D]- cn-¡p-¶pthm bmsXm¶v "`phx' F¶ t]cn A©m-a-²ymb-¯n hÀ®n-¡-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶pthm AXnsâ Xs¶ A[ntZi§fpsS ]qÀ¯o-I-c-W-¯n- \mbn CXv Bcw-`n-¡p-¶p. Im-c-¯n Ah³ sN¶p-tN-cp-¶p. B tZhX Ahs\ "kzx' ]qÀÆm- \p-hm-I-¯n a\- Ênsâ A[n-jvTm\ tZh-X-bmb F¶ t]cn hÀ®n-¡-s¸-Sp¶ kqcy-tem-I-¯n F¯nN{µs\ C{µn-b-§-fpsS A[n-jvTm\ tZh-X-I-fpsS {]Im-i- ¡p-Ibpw ]n¶oSv AhnsS \n¶pw "alx' F¶ t]cn hnfnI³ F¶p hnti-jn- ¸n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. Ah-bpsS {_Ò-cq-]-¯n- ¡-s¸-Sp¶ "{_Ò' ¯n ØnXn sN¿n-¡p-Ibpw sN¿pepÅ D]m-k\ sN¿p-¶-Xn-\pÅ bpànbpw a\-Ên-em-¡- ¶p. s¸«p Ign-ªn-cn-¡p-¶p. B at\m-ab ]c-{_Òw þ AJn-eB]vt\mXn kzmcm-Pyw. B]vt\mXn a\-k-kv]¯n-tâbpw A´-cym-an-bmb ]pcp-j³ Fhn-sS-bm-Ip¶p; Xnw. hmIv]-Xn-Ý£p-jv]-Xnx. t{im{X-]-XnÀhn-ÚmAt±-l-¯nsâ D]-e_v[n FhnsS \n¶p-ap-­m-Ip¶p þ \-]-Xnx. GX-¯tXm `h-Xn. C¡mcyw Cu A[ymb-¯nsâ BZymw-i-§-fn D]-tZ-in¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. A²ym-b-¯nse Cu Awi-¯nsâ Bibw {_Ò-tem-I-¯n {]Xn-jvTn-X-\mb B alm-]p-cp-j³ ap³]- d -ª -X p-t]mse bmsXm¶v Cu lrZ-b -¯ nsâ GX-h-Ø -bn-em-Ip¶p F¶ Imcyw Cu A\p-hm-I¯nsâ A´À`m-K¯v AwKp-jT- am-{X-amb ]cn-Wm-a-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Snb aq¶m-aw-i-¯n ]dªpI-gn-ªp. A\p-hm-I-¯nse Cu v BImiw D­m- bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm AXn¯s¶ Cu hnip² Awi-¯nsâ Bibw Ah³ kzcm-«m-bn-¯o-cp¶p F¶m{]Im-i-kz-cq-]\pw Ahn-\m-inbpw at\m-a-b\pw A´-cym-an- Wv. AXm-bXv apIfn {]Ir-Xn-bpsS A[n-Imcw \nebp-amb ]c-ta-iz-c³ hncm-Pn-¡p-¶p. CXp-Xs¶ At±-l- \n¡p-¶n-Ã. F¦nepw AXp kzbw Xs¶ {]Ir-Xn-bpsS ¯nsâ km£m- Xv¡m-c- am- Ip-¶Xv AXns\ {]m]n-¡p- ¶-Xn\p A[n-jvTm-Xm-h m-bn-¯o-cp-¶p, F´p-s Im-s­-¶m a\aäp Øe-§-fn-te¡pw t]mtI-­-Xmbn hcp-¶n-Ã. Ênsâ þ ka-kvXm-´x-I-c-W-k-ap-Zm-b-§-fpsS þ kzman-bmb A´-tcW Xmep-tI. b Gj kvX\ Chm-h-ew- ]c-am-ßm-hns\ {]m]n-¡p-¶p. AXn-\m hmWn, N£p-Êv, _- t X. tk {µ- t bm- \ nx. b{Xmku tIimt´m t{im{Xw, BZn-bmb ka-kvtX-{µn-b-§fpw Ah-bpsS tZhhnhÀ¯- t X. hyt]mly ioÀj- I - ] m- t e. `qcn- X-Ifpw AXp-t]mse hnÚm-\- kz-cq-]-amb _p²n-bp-sSbpw Xyáu {]Xn-Xn-jvT -X n. `ph CXn hmbu. kph-c n- kzman-bm-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. AXm-bXv Ch-sbÃmw Ah-¶-[o-\am-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. BZyw ]d-ªn-cn-¡p¶ B km[-\-bn Xym-Zn-tXy. al CXn {_Ò-Wn. \n¶pw D]-cyp-à-amb ^ew e`n-¡p-¶p. B ]c-{_-Ò]-c-ta-iz-cs\ Xsâ lrZ-b-¯n {]Xy-£BIm-i-icocw {_Ò. kXymß {]mWm-cmaw a\ am-bn-¡-­p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p¶ alm-]p-cp-j³ Cu ico-cs¯ B\-µ w. im´n kar-²-a-ar-Xw. CXn {]mNo-\-tbmXyPn-¨p-t]m-Ip-t¼mÄ F{]-Imcw GXp amÀ¤w shfn-bn-en-d§n, GXp {Ia-t¯m-Sp-IqSn `qx, `phx, kzx cq]-§-fmb ka- tKym-]m-Ê z. kvX-tem- I-§-fn ]cn-]qÀ®-ambn AJn- e-¯n-tâbpw BßAhÀ {]m]n-¡p¶ {_Òw F§-s\-bp-Å-Xm-Ip¶p? kz-cq-]-am-Ip¶ ]c-ta-iz-c\n hnebw {]m]n-¡p¶p þ Cu AXns\ F{]-I mcw Nn´n-¡ p-I bpw [ym\n-¡ p-I bpw Imcyw Cu A\p-hm-I-¯nsâ c­m-as¯ Awi-¯n sN¿Ww? B {_Òw BIm-iw-t]mse \ncm-Im-chpw kÀÆshfn-s¸-Sp-¯n-bn-cn- ¡p- ¶p. a\p- jy- cpsS hmbn Xmep-hnsâ hym-]nbpw AXy´w kq£va-i-co-c-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-Xp-am- IpCS-bn-embn apesR«nsâ BIm-c- ¯n Xq§n-¡n-S-¡p¶ ¶p. GI-am-{X-k-¯m-cq-]-hp-am-Wv. FÃm C{µn-b§Ä¡pw amwk-]nWvUw (A- Xns\ kwkm-c-`m-j-bn Ipdp- \m-s¡¶p hn{iaw \ÂIp-¶Xpw a\-Ên\v ]c-am-\-µZm-b-I-hp-am-Wv. ]d-bp-¶p). AXn\p apIfn tIi§fpsS aqe-Øm-\-amb AJ-WvU-im-´n-bpsS `WvUm-chpw kÀÆYm Ahn-\m-in-bp{_Ò-c Ôvd w AhnsS lrZ-b -¯ n \n¶pw ]pd-s¸«v am-Wv. D¯-ahn-izm-k-t¯m-Sp-IqSn C{]-Imcw IcpXn km[Ipdp\m¡nsâ DÅnÂIqSn IS¶v c­p It]me§tfbpw I³ At±-ls¯ {]m]n-¡p-¶Xn-\p-th­n At±-l-¯nsâ t`Zn¨p s]mbvs¡m-­n-cn-¡p¶ kpjpav\ F¶ t]cn Nn´-bnepw [ym\-¯nepw X¸-c-X-tbm-Sp-IqSn hym]r-X- cm{]kn-²-amb \mUn, AXp-Xs¶ C{µ-\m-a-¯n kwt_m- bn-¯o-c-Ww. Cu `mhs¯ ImWn-¡p-¶-Xn-\p-th­n Ah[\ sN¿-s¸-Sp¶ ]c-ta-iz-csâ {]m]vXn-¡pÅ hmXn-em-Ip- km\w {ipXn-bpsS hmWn-bn Ejn Xsâ injy-t\mSp ]dsN¿p-¶p. Ahs\ ]cta-iz-csâ {]nb³ F¶p IcpXn BZ-cn-¡p-Ibpw k¡cn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p.

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I bp¶p þ "tl {]mNo\ tbmKy, \o B {_Ò kzcq-]s¯
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H¶m-as¯ B[n-`u-XnI temI-kw-_-Ôn-bmb ]wàntbmSp \mem-as¯ {]mW-k-ap-Zm-b-am-Ip¶ B²ym-ßn-I-]wàn¡p kw_-Ô-ap­v; F´p-sIm-s­-¶m Hcp temI]rYn-hy-´cn£w ZuÀZntimhm´-c-Zn-ix. AKv ¯n \n¶p asämcp temI-¯n-tebv¡p _Ôw ]peÀ¯p\nÀhm-bp-cm-Zn-Xy-Ý-{µam \£-{Xm-Wn. B] Huj¶-Xn {]mW-\mWp {]m[m-\y-ap-Å-Xv. Cu kwKXn kwln[tbm h\-kv]-Xb BImi Bßm. CXym-[n-`q-Xw. Xm-{ ]- I - c - W - ¯ n BZyta ]d-ª n- c n-¡ p- ¶ p. c­mAYm-²ym-ßw. {]mtWm hymt\m]m\ DZm\x kamas¯Xmb tPymXnÀ hnj-bIamb B[n-`u-XnI ]wàn- \x. N£px t{im{Xw at\m hmIv XzIv. NÀ½ amwkw tbmSv A©m-as¯ IcW kap-Zmb cq]-am-Ip¶ B²ymkv\mhm-Øn-a-Öm. GX-Z-[n-hn-[mb Ejn-c-thm-N-Xv. ßnI ]wàn¡p _Ô-ap-­v. Fs´- ¶m B[n-`u-Xn-I-§] mMv à w hm C Zw k Àhw. ] mMv t às s\ h fmb B tPymXn- Êp- IÄ Cu B²ym- ßnI tPymXn- Êp- I-fpsS ]mMvàw kv]rtWm-Xo-Xn. klm-b n- I - f m- I p-¶ p. C¡mcyw imkv{ X-§ -f n ]e Cu A\p-hm-I-¯n\p c­p `mK-§Ä D­v. BZy-`m-K- Øe¯pw ]d-ªn-«p-­v. CXp-t]m-se-Xs¶ aq¶m-as¯ ¯n AXn-ap-Jy-§-fmb B[n- `u-Xn-I-h- kXp-¡sf temIw, Øqe ]ZmÀ°-§-fpsS B[n-`u-XnI ]wàn Bdm-as¯ v tPymXn-Êv, kvYq-e-]ZmÀ°-§Ä F¶o aq¶p ]wàn-Ifn- ico-c-K-X- [m-Xp-¡-fpsS B²ym-ßnI ]wàn-bp-ambn _Ôembn hn`-Pn-¨n«v Ahsb hÀ®n-¡p-Ibpw c­m-as¯ `mK- s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶p. F´p-sIm-s­- ¶m Huj-[n-cq-]nIfpw h\¯n apJy-§-fmb B²ym-ßnI (i-co-c-Øn-Xw) ]ZmÀ°- kv]-Xn-cq-]n-I-fp-amb A¶- ¯nÂ\n¶pw amwk-a-Öm-Zn-IÄ §sf {]mW³, Ic-Ww, [mXp F¶o aq¶p ]wàn-I- fn- embn ]pjvSn-s¸-Sp-Ibpw A`n-hr-²n-s¸-Sp-Ibpw sN¿p¶p F¶Xp hn`-Pn¨v Ahsb hÀ®n-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. Ah-km\w {]Xy-£-a m-W-sÃm. C{]-Imcw Øqe-k q-£va -X -Xz-§sf Ahsb D]-tbm-Kn-¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ bpànbpw ]d-ªn-cn-¡p- {]tXyIw {]tXyIw \Ã-Xp-t]mse a\-Ên-em¡n Ah-bpsS ¶p. D]-tbmKw bYm-tbmKyw \nÀh-ln-¡p-¶p-sh-¦n a\p]rYzo-tem-Iw, A´- co-£-tem-Iw, kzÀ¤-tem-Iw, ]qÀÆ jyÀ¡v FÃm {]Im-c-¯n-ep-apÅ D¶-Xnsb {]m]n-¡p-hm³ ]ÝnamZn Zn¡p-IÄ, Btáb ss\cr- XymXn Ahm-´c Zn¡p- Ign-bp-¶p. IÄ þ Ch temI-¯nsâ B[n`uXnI ]wàn-IÄ, Aán, AjvT-am-\ p-h mIw hmbp, kqcy³, N{µ³, \£-{X-§Ä þ Ch tPymXn-Êp-IHmanXn {_Ò. Hman-XoZw kÀÆw Hman-tXy-X-Z-\pfpsS B[n-`u-XnI ]wàn, AXp-t]mse Pew, Huj-[nIÄ, Ir-XnÀl kva hm At]ym {imh-tb-Xym-{im-h-b-´n. h\-kv]-Xn, BIm-iw, ]m©-`u-Xn-I-Øq-e-i-cocw þ Ch Hm anXn kmam\n Kmb-´n. Hmw timan-Xn. ikv{XmWn Øqe-P-U-]-ZmÀ°-§-fpsS B[n-`u-Xn-I]w- àn-bm-Ip-¶p. iwk-´ n. HmanXy[zcypx {]Xn-Kcw {]Xn-Kr-W m-Xn. C§s\ Ch-sbÃmw IqSn-t¨À¶-Xns\ B[n-`u-Xn-I-]wàn HmanXn {_Òm {]ku-Xn. Hman-Xy-án-tlm-{X-a-\p-PmAXm-bXv `uXn-I-]wàn kaqlw F¶p ]d-bp-¶p. CXp\m-Xn. HmanXn {_mÒWx {]h-£ y-¶ml {_tÒmt]m- se-Xs¶ ap¼p ]d-ªn- «pÅ B²ym-ßnI ico- c- ¯nsâ ]m]v\ hm\o-Xn. {_ssÒ-thm-]m-]vt\m-Xn. DÅn hkn-¡p¶ ]wàn-IÄ; CXn {]mW³, A]m-\³, hym\³, DZm-\³, kam-\³ Ch {]mWsâ ]wànbpw Cu A\phm-I-¯n ]c-ta-iz-csâ "Hmw' F¶ \mat\{Xw, a\-Êv, hmWn, Xz¡v Ch Ic-W-kap-Zm-b-§-fpsS t¯mSp a\p-jyÀ¡p {i²bpw `ànbpw D­m-¡p¶Xn\p]wànbpw NÀ½w, amwkw, \mUn, AØn, aÖ Ch ico- th­n HmwIm-c-¯nsâ aln-asb hÀ®n-¡p-¶p. "Hmw' c-KX [mXp-¡-fpsS ]wànbpw BIp-¶p. C{]-Imcw {][m- F¶Xv ]c-{_-Ò -] -c-a m-ß m-h nsâ \ma-a m-b -X p-sIm­p \- §-fmb B[n-`u-Xn- Ihpw B²ym-ßn-I-hp-amb ]ZmÀ°- §- km£m {_Òw Xs¶-bm- Ip- ¶p. F´p- sIm- s­- ¶m `KfpsS {Xnhn-[-]w-àn-IÄ Na-¨p-hÀ®n-¡p-¶Xv ChnsS D]- hmsâ \mahpw `K-hÂkz-cq]w Xs¶- bm-Ip-¶p. Cu ImWe-£-W-cq-]-¯n-em-Ip-¶p. AXn-\m _m¡n hkvXp-¡Ä s¸-Sp¶ FÃm temI-§fpw "Hmw' F¶ B {_Ò-¯nsâ Ch-bn A´ÀK-X-sa¶p [cn-¨psImÅWw. C{]-Imcw Xs¶ Øqe- cq-]- am- W.v "Hmw' F¶Xv A\p-{I-Xn-bpsS þ A\phÀ®n-¨n«v {ipXn ]d-bp¶p: þ Cu ]wàn-I-fn-embn hn`- tam-Z\-¯nsâ þ kqN-\-bm-Ip-¶p. Ft¸mÄ GsX-¦nepw Pn¨p hÀ®n-¨n-«pÅ ]ZmÀ°- §-sfÃmw Xs¶ ]wàn-I-fpsS kwK-Xnsb A\p-tam-Zn-¡p-¶pthm At¸mÄ t{ijvT-]p-cp-jHcp kap-Zm-b-am-Ip-¶p. Chbv¡p ]c-kv]cw L\n-jT- amb \mb ]c-ta-iz-csâ \ma-kz-cq-]amb Cu HmwIm-cs¯ D¨v kw_- Ô-ap-­v. Cu clkyw a\-Ên-em¡n AXm-bXv B[n- cn¨v BwKy-t¯msS AXns\ A\p-tam-Zn-¡p-¶p. aäv AÀ°`u-XnI ]ZmÀ°- t¯m-Sp-IqSn B²ym- ßnI ]ZmÀ°§Ä¡v c-ln-X- §-fmb ]Z§Ä D¨-cn-¡-s¸-Sp-¶n- Ã. C¡mcyw {]knF´p _Ô-am-Wp-ÅXv? F¶ Imcyw \Ã-Xp-t]mse a\-Ên- ²- am-Wv. injy³ Xsâ Kpcp- hn- t\mSpw AXp- t]mse t{imXmhv em¡n a\p-j yÀ B²ym-ßn-I-i -à n-bnÂIqSn `uXnI GsX-¦nepw ]WvUn-X- t\mSpw D]-tZ-is¯ A`yÀ°n- ¡p]ZmÀ°-§-fpsS hnImkw kwkn-²-am-¡p-Ibpw `uXn-I-]- t¼mÄ Kpcphpw hàmhpw "Hmw' F¶p ]d-ªp-sIm-­pZmÀ°-§-fn¡qSn B²ym- ß nI iànsb hfÀ¯p-Ibpw Xs¶ D]-tZ-in-¡p-hm³ Bcw-`n-¡p-¶p. kma-thZw ]mSp-¶-

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I hcpw "Hmw' F¶ {io]-c-ta-iz-csâ \maw \¶mbn D¨-cn-¨n«v

KÀt`m-ev]m-Z\w \S-¯epw EXp-Im-e¯n \nb-a-{]-Imcw kma-th-Z-¯nse Km\-§Ä ]mSp-¶p. bÚ-IÀ½-§- fn kv{Xokw-t`mKw \S-¯epw AXp-t]mse IpSpw-_s¯ ikvXiw-k-\m-IÀ½w \S-¯p¶ imkvXm F¶p t]cpÅ hfÀ¯p- ¶-Xn-\pÅ D]m-b- §Ä \S-¯epw þ C§s\ FÃm v EXzn¡p "Hmw timw' F¶p ]dªv imkv{X- §-fpsS AXm- t{ijvT-IÀ½-§-fp-tSbpw A\p- jTm-\-§Ä \S-¯n-s¡m­p bXv XZznjbI-a-{´-§-fpsS ]mT-§Ä Dcp-hn-Sp-¶p. bÚ- Pohn-¡Ww F¶v ChnsS kqNn- ¸n-¡p-¶p. A²ym-]-I-t\bpw IÀ½-§Ä \S-¯n- ¡p¶ A[zcy F¶p-t]-cpÅ EXzn¡pw D]-tZ-i-I-t\bpw kw_-Ôn-¨n-S-t¯mfw Cu FÃm IÀ¯"Hmw' F¶ ]c-ta-iz-csâ \mas¯ D¨-cn-¨n-«p-Xs¶ {]Xn-K- hy-§ - f p- s Sbpw kap-N n-X -a mb ]me\w {]tXy- I n¨pw c-a-{´s¯ D¨-cn-¡p-¶p. {_Òmhv (\memw EXzn-¡v) "Hmw' BhiyamWv; F´p- sIm- s­-¶m Ah-cpsS BZÀi-§sf F¶v ]c-{_Ò ]c-amß \mas¯ D¨-cn-¨p-sIm­p bÚ- hnZymÀXvYnIfpw t{imXm-¡fpw A\p-I-cn-¡p-¶p. cYo-XIÀ½w \S-¯p-¶-Xn\v A\p-h-Zn- ¡p-¶p. AXp-t]mse "Hmw' csâ ]p{X³ kXy-hNÊv alÀjn ]d-bp-¶Xv ""Cu FÃm F¶p ]d- ªp-sIm-­p- Xs¶ Aán- tlm{Xw \S- ¯p-¶-Xn\pw IÀ½-§-fnepw kXyw Xs¶ kÀÆ-t{i-jvT-am-Ip¶p; F´pA\p-h-Zn-¡p-¶p. A²y-b\w \S-¯p-¶-Xn-\p-Zyp-à-cmb sIm-s­-¶m Hmtcm IÀ½hpw kXy-`m-j-W-t¯m-Sbpw {_mÒW {_Ò-N m-cn-Ifpw "Hmw' F¶ ]c-ta-i z-csâ kXy-`m-h-t¯m-Spw- IqSn sN¿-s¸-«m am{Xta bYmÀ°-cq\mas¯ BZy-am-bp-¨-cn-¨p-sIm­v "F\n¡p thZw \Ã-Xp- ]-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-Xm-bn-¯o-cp¶pÅq'' F¶m-Wv. ]pcp-in-jvSt]mse ]Tn-¡p-hm³ Ign-bs«' F¶p ]d-bp-¶p. AXm-bXv ]p-{X- \mb Xt]m-\n-Xy-a-lÀjn ]d-bp-¶Xv ""X]-Ý-cy-Xs¶ v Hmw Imcw bmsXm-cp-¯sâ \maw BIp-¶pthm B ]c-ta- kÀÆ- t{i- jT-am- Ip- ¶p. F´p-sIm-s­- ¶m X]- Ên \n¶piz-c-t\mSv Hm¦m-cs¯ D¨-cn-¨p-sIm­v Cu {]mÀ°\ \S- Xs¶ kXy-`m-j-WmZn kakvX [À½-§-fp-tSbpw ]me\w ¯p- ¶p. "Rm³ thZs¯ þ sshZn-I-Úm- \s¯ {]m]n- ¡pw. \S-¯p-¶-Xn\pw Ah-bn Dd-¨p-\n¡p-¶-Xn\pw DÅ AXn-\pÅ _p²n \ÂIn-bm-epw, CXnsâ ^e-kz-cq-]-ambn iàn D­m-Ip¶p' F¶mWv apZvK-e-Isâ ]p{X³ \mI-apv Ah³ thZ-s¯ \nÊ-tµ-l-ambpw {]m]n-¡p-¶p. C{]-Imcw \n-bpsS A`n-{]m-bw, "thZ-§fpw [À½-im-k{X-§fpw ]TnCu a{´- ¯n Hm¦mc-¯nsâ aln-asb hÀ®n- ¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. ¡epw ]Tn-¸n-¡epw Xs¶ kÀÆ-t{i-jvT-am-Ip-¶p. F´psIm-s­-¶m AXp-Xs¶ X]-Êm-Ip-¶p. AXm-bXv Ch\h- am-\ p- h mIw bn \n¶p-X-s¶- bmWp X]Êp apX-embn FÃm [À½-§EXw N kzm[ymb {]h- N t\ N. kXyw N fp-tSbpw Úm\w D­m-Ip-¶Xv'' F¶m-Ip-¶p. Cu FÃm kzm[ym-b-{]-h-Nt\ N. X]Ý kzm[ym-b-{]-h-Nt\ alÀjn-amcpw ]d-bp-¶Xv bYmÀ°-am-Wv. Ah-cpsS IY-\N. ZaÝ kzm[ymb {]h-Nt\ N. Aá-bÝ kzm[ym- §sf D²-cn-¨p-sIm­v Hmtcm IÀ½-¯nepw Cu aqs¶-®b-{ ]-h-N t\ N. Aán-tlm{Xw N kzm[ymb {]h- ¯n\pw {]m[m-\y-ap-s­¶ `mhw ImWn-¡-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶p. Nt\ N AXn- Y - b Ý kzm[ym- b - { ]- h - N t\ N. bmsXmcp IÀ½w sN¿-s¸-Sp-¶p-hthm AXv ]T-\-]mT§am\pjw N kzm[ymb {]h- N t\ N. {]Pm N fn \n¶pw D]-e-_v[-amb imkv{X-Úm-\-¯n-\-\p-Iq-e-amkzm[ym-b -{]-h -N t\ N. {]P-\ -Ý -k zm-[ ymb {]h- bn-cn-¡-Ww. F{X-am{Xw hnLv\-§Ä D­m-bn-s¡m-Å-s«, Nt\ N. {]Pm-XnÝ kzm[ym-b-{]-h-Nt\ N. kXy- kz´w IÀ¯-hy- ]m-e-\-X-]-Ên kZm Dd-¨p-Xs¶ \n¡panXn kXy-h Nm cmYo-X-c x. X] CXn Xt]m-\nXyx Ibpw Hmtcm {Inb-bnepw kXy-`m- hhpw kXy-`m-j-W- ]- c-amb ]ucp-in-jvSnx. kzm[ymb {]h-Nt\ GthXn \mtIm hntij {i²bpw D­m-bn-cn-¡p-Ibpw thWw.

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auZvK-eyx. X²n X]-kvX²n X]x.
Cu A\p-hm-I¯n A²y-b-\hpw A²ym-]-\hpw \S¯p-¶-hsc imkv{X-§-fn \nÀt±-in-¨n-cn-¡p¶ amÀ¤¯n¡qSn kzbw \o§-W-sa¶ Imcyw HmÀ½-s¸-Sp-¯p¶p. CtX-Imcyw D]-tZ-i-I\pw D]-tZiw {ihn-¡p-¶-h\pw a\-Ê n-em-¡ -W w. A²y-b -\ hpw A²ym-] -\ hpw c­pw hfsc D]-tbm-K-{]-Z-am-Wv. imkv{X-§-fpsS A²y-b\w sIm­p-Xs¶ a\p-jyÀ¡p kz´w IÀ¯-hy-§-fp-tSbpw Ah-bpsS hn[n-I-fp-tSbpw ^e§fp-tSbpw Úm\w D­mIp- ¶p. AXn-\m CX- \p-jvTn-¨p- sIm-­p-Xs¶ AtXm-Sp-IqSn bYmtbm-Ky-amb kZm-Nm-c-]m-e\hpw kXy- `m-jW hpw kz[À½ ]me-\-¯ n kw`-hn-¡ m-h p¶ IjvS XIfpw C{µnb§sf kzm[o-\n-¡epw a\-Êns\ \nb-{´n-¡epw Aán-tlm-{X-¯n-\m-bpÅ Aánsb Pzen-¸n-¡epw AXn lh\w \S- ¯epw AXn-Yn-tk- h\w sN¿epw FÃm- h-tcmSpw a\p-tjym-Nn-X-ambn s]cp-am-depw im-kv{X-hn-[n-{]-Im-c-apÅ

Zi-am- \ p-h mIw
Alw hr£ky tccn-hm. IoÀ¯nx ]rjvSw Kntccn-h . DuÀ[z-] - h nt{Xm hmPn- \ oh kzar- X -a -k va n. {ZhnWw kÀÆ-¨kw. kpta[m Aar-tXm-£nXx CXn{X-t i-t¦mÀth-Zm-\ p-h-N- \w.
{Xni¦p F¶p-t]-cpÅ alÀjn ]c-am-ßm-hns\ {]m]n¨n«v X\n-¡p-­mb A\p-`-hs¯ hnh-cn-¡p-¶p. AXn-s\¯s¶ ChnsS D²-cn- ¨n-cn- ¡p-¶p. {Xni- ¦p-hnsâ hm¡n³{]Imcw kz´w A´x-Ic-W-¯n Nn´n-¡p-¶-Xp-Xs¶ ]camß {]m]vXn-¡pÅ km[-\-bm-Ip-¶p. CXp ]d-bp-¶-Xn-\pXs¶ Cu A\p-hm-I-¯nsâ Bcw`w D]-tbm-Kn-¡p-¶p. {ipXn-bpsS `mhmÀ°w CXm-W.v ""Rm³ {]hm-l-cq-]-¯n A\m-Zn-Imew apX \ne-\n-¶p-t]m-cp¶ Cu P\\ ac- W-amIp¶ kwkmc hr£-¯nsâ D·q-e\miw hcp-¯p-¶-h\mIp-¶p. CXv Fsâ Ah-km-\s¯ P·-am-Ip-¶p. CXn-\p-

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I tijw F\n¡p ]p\ÀÖ·w D­m-Ip-¶n-Ã. Fsâ IoÀ¯n-

tbm-Sp-IqSn Krl-Øm-{i-a-¯n {]th-in¨p kz[À½-§sf ]ÀÆ- X - i n- J - c w- t ]mse D¶ - X hpw hni m- e - h p- a m- W v . ]men- ¨p- sIm­v k´m\ ]c-¼- c-Isf kwc-£n- ¡p- I. CXn\p At¶m¸m-Z-\- i-àn-bm bpà-amb kqcy-\n F§s\ tem]w hcp-¯ -c p-X v. AXm-b Xv imkv{X-h n-[n-{]-Imcw D¯-a-amb AarXw \nh-kn-¡p-¶pthm A{]-Imcw Rm\pw hnhmlw Ign¨ [À½-]- Xv\n- tbm-Sp-IqSn EXp- Im-e- ¯n \nbv hnip² cmK-tZm-jm-ZnIfm kÀÆYm apà\pw Aa-c-kz- a-{]-Im-c-apÅ kl-hmkw A\p-jTn¨p k´m-t\m¸m-Z-\cq-]-\p-am-Ip-¶p. CXp IqSmsX Rm³ {]Im-i-bp-à-[-\- IÀ½w A\m-k-àn-]qÀÆw \S-¯p-I. \o Hcn-¡epw kXy¯nsâ `WvUm-Km-chpw ]c-am-\-µ- cq-]-am- Ip¶ Aar- X-¯n ¯nÂ\n¶pw hyXn-N-en-¡-cpXv; AXm-bXv Ifn-X- am-i-bnepw \na-á\pw t{ijvT-amb [mc-Wm-bp-à-_p-²n-bm k¼- hyÀ°-amb Imcy-§-fnepw hmWn-bpsS iànsb \jvS-s¸¶\pw BIp-¶p.'' CXv {Xni-¦p-a-lÀjn-bpsS thZm-\p-hN-\- Sp-¯-cp-Xv. ]cn-lm-k-sa¶ \mSy-¯n Hcn-¡epw Ifhp ]d§-fm-Ip-¶p. AXm-bXv Úm\-{]m-]vXn-¡p-tijw hyà-am- b- cp- Xv. C{]-Imcw Xs¶ [À½-]m-e-\- §-fn sXäp {]hÀ¯n¡-cpXv; AXm-bXv Fs´-¦nepw \mSy-¯ntem Ae-k-X¡-s¸« Bßm-hnsâ DZvKm-c-am-Ip-¶p. bmtem [À½s¯ Ah- t l- f n- ¡ - c p- X v . euIn- I hpw a\p-jy³ GXp {]Im-c-¯n- epÅ `mh\ sN¿p-¶pthm imkv{Xohpw Bbn IÀ¯-hy-cq-]-¯n e`y-am-Ip¶ F{XAXp `mh-\-b-\p-k-cn¨p kw`-hn-¡p-¶p. Ahsâ k¦ev]sb{X ip`-IÀ½-§-fpt­m Ahsb Hcn-¡epw XyPn-¡p¯n CXv A]qÀÆhpw BÝ-cy-P-\-I-hp-amb iàn-bm-IpItbm Ah-bn Dt]£ hnNm-cn-¡p-Itbm sN¿-cp-Xv. adn¨v ¶p. AXn-\m bmsXmcp a\p-jy³ X¶n¯s¶ D]-cypbYm-tbmKyw Ahsb A\p-jvTn- ¨p-sIm-­p-Po-hn-¡-Ww. [\à-amb `mh- \-bpsS A`ymkw \S-¯p-¶pthm Ah³ \nÝk-¼¯p hÀ²n-¸n-¡p-¶h euIn-tIm-¶-Xn-I-fpsS km[-\b-ambpw A§-s\-X- s¶-bm-bn-¯o-cpw. F¶m Cu km[Isf kw_-Ôn¨pw DZm-ko\ at\m-`mhw kzoI-cn-¡-cp-Xv. \-bn ]qÀ®-amb {i²-bpsS Bhiyap-­v. `mh-\-¡-\pCXn-\p-th-­nbpw hÀ®m-{i-am-\p-Iq-e-§-fmb {]hÀ¯-\k-c -W -amb KpWw hcmsX Al¦mcw h¶p `hn-¡ §Ä A\p-jvTn-¡-Ww. apJy hnjb§fmb ]Tn¡epw ]TnbmsW¦n \miw-Xs¶ kw`-hn-¡p-¶p. Cu thZ-h-N-\-§¸n-¡epw þ Ahsb Hcn-¡epw Ah-tl-fn-¡p- Itbm aSn-sImfpsS cl- kys¯ icn¡pw a\-Ên-em¡n AXns\ Nn´n-¡p­pt]£n¡p-Itbm sN¿-cp-X.v C{]-Im-cw-Xs¶ Aán-tlmI-bm-sW-¦n Al¦mc-s¯-¸-än-bpÅ Bi-¦bvt¡ Ah{Xhpw bÚm-Zn-I-fpsS A\p-jTm-\-cq-]-§-fmb tZh-Im-cyv Im- i-an-Ã. §fpw {im² XÀ¸-WmZn ]nXr-Im-cy-§fpw \S-¯p-¶-Xn GIm-Z-i m-\ p-h mIw Be-kytam Ah-tl-f-\m-]-c-amb {]am-Ztam kw`-hn-¡-cp-X.v

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thZ-a-\ q-Nym-Nmtcymt´hm-k n\ a\p-im-kvXn. kXyw hZ. [À½w Nc. kzm[ym-bm·m {]a-Zx. BNmcymb {]nbw [\-am-lrXy {]Pm-X´pw am hyh-tÑÕox. kXym¶ {]a-Zn-X-hyw. [À½m¶ {]a-Zn-X-hyw. Ipi-e m¶ {]a-Zn-X -h yw. `pssXy \ {]a-Zn-X -h yw. kzm[ym-b-{]-h -N\m`ymw \ {]a-Zn-Xhyw. tZh-]n-XrIm-cym`ymw \ {]a-Zn-X-hyw.
Krl-س Xsâ PohnXw F§s\ Bhn-j v¡ -c n¡Ww; C¡mcyw {Kln-¸n-¡p-¶-Xn\p th­n Cu A\phmIw Bcw-`n-¡p-¶p. BNm-cy³ injys\ thZ-¯nsâ A²y- b \w \Ã- X p- t ]mse \S- ¯ n¨p kam- h À¯\ kwkv¡m-c-k-abw Krl-Øm-{i-a-¯n {]th-in-¸n¨v KrlØ- [À½-§sf ]men-¡p-¶- Xn- \pÅ hnZy \ÂIp¶p þ ]p{X, \o Ft¸mgpw kXyw kwkm-cn-¡-Ww, B]¯p kw`-hn¨mÂt¸mepw IÅs¯ Hcn-¡epw icWw {]m]n-¡-cp-Xv. Xsâ hÀ®m-{i-a-¯n- \-\p-Iq-eambn imkv{X-k-½-X-§-fmb [À½-§sf A\p-jTn-¡p-I. kzm-[ym-bt¯msS AXm-bXv v thZm-`ym-kt¯m-Sp-IqSn kÔym-hµ-\hpw Kmb-{Xo-P-]hpw `K-h-¶ma KpW-IoÀ¯-\-§fpw \S¯n \nXy-IÀ½§fn Hcn-¡epw {]amZw hcp-¯m-Xn-cn-¡pI þ AXm-bXv Hcn-¡epw Ahsb A\m-Zc-thm-Sp-IqSn \S-¯m-Xn-cn-¡p-I. Be-kywaqew \S-¯m-cn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿-cp-Xv. Kpcp-hn\p Z£n- Wm-cq]- ¯n At±-l-¯nsâ cpNn-¡-\p-k-c-W-amb [\w sIm­p h¶v t{]a-]qÀÆw \evIp-I. ]ns¶ At±-l-¯nsâ BÚ-

amXr-tZthm `h. ]nXr-tZthm `h. BNm-cy-tZthm `h. AXn-Yn-tZthm `h. bm\y-\h-Zym\n IÀamWn Xm\n tkhn-Xhym-\n. t\m CX-cm-Wn. bm\y-kvamIw kpN-cnXm\n Xm\n Xztbm-]m-ky-\m-\n. t\m CX-cmWn. tb tI Nmkva- Ñ vtd-b mwtkm {_mÒ-t Wmx. tXjmw Xzbmkt\\ {]iz-kn-Xhyw. {i²tbm tZbw. A{i-²-bm-tZ-bw. {inbm tZbw. lvdnbm-tZ-bw. `nbm tZbw. kwhnZm tZbw.
]p{X, \o amXm-hn-t\bpw ]nXm-hn-t\bpw Kpcp-hn-t\bpw AXn-Yn-tbbpw tZh-Xpeyw IcpXWw. Cu \mep-t]-tcbpw Cuiz-csâ {]Xn-aqÀ¯n-sb¶p IcpXn {i²-tbmSpw `àntbmSpw Ch-cpsS BÚsb ]men¨pw \a-k¡-cn¨pw Pohnv ¡p-I. Chsc Ft¸mgpw Xsâ hn\-b]qÀ®-amb \S-]-Sn-Ifm {]k-¶-cm-¡n-¯oÀ¡p-I. temI-¯n-epÅ \nÀt±m-j§-fmb FÃm IÀ½-§-tfbpw \o tkhn-¡-Ww. Ah-bn \n¶pw hncp-²-ambn tZmj-bp-à-§fpw \njn-²-§-fp-amb IÀ½-§sf ad-¶n«v þ kz]v\-¯nÂt¸mepw Ahsb BNcn-¡-cp-Xv. \½psS kz´w-Kpcp P\-§-fpsS BNm-c-hy-h-lmc-§-fn D¯-a-§fpw alm-ßm-¡-fm A\p-tam-Zn-¡-s¸-«n«p-Å-h-bp-amb BN-c-W-§sf kw_- Ôn¨v bmsXm-cp-hn-[¯n-ep- apÅ i¦-IÄ¡n- S-an-Ãm-¯-hsb \n§Ä A\p-I-cn-¡Ww. bmsXm-¶ns\ kw_-Ôn¨v Aev]-sa-¦nepw i¦-bp-­mIp-¶pthm AXns\ Hcn-¡epw A\p-I-cn-¡p-hm³ ]mSn-Ã. bmsXm-cp-¯³ Bsc-¦nepw t{ijvT³ þ hb-Ênepw hnZy-

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123

I bnepw X]-Ênepw BN-c-W§-fnepw D¶-X³ Bbn-«p-Å-

¶-h\pw FÃm-h-tcmSpw kvt\l-a-bamb s]cp-am-ä-t¯m-Sph³ þ XYm {_mÒ-WmZn ]qPy³, ho«n BK-X- \m-Ip-I-bm- Iq-Sn-b-h\pw AXp-t]mse GI-am-{X-amb [À½-]m-e-\-¯n sW- ¦n B Bfns\ ]mZyw AÀLyw Bk\w apX-em-bh B{K-l-apÅh\p-amb hnZzm-\p-amb {_mÒ-W³ F{]-Imcw \ÂIn FÃm {]Im-c-¯nepw _lp-am-\n-¡p-Ibpw bYm- C§- s\-bpÅ Imcy- §Ä {]hÀ¯n- ¡p-¶pthm AXp-t]m-setbmKyw tkh\w sN¿p-Ibpw thWw. Xsâ iàn-¡-\p- Xs¶ \n§fpw BN-cn-¡-Ww. A§-s\-bpÅ Ah-k-ck-c- W-amb Zm\w sN¿p-¶- Xn\pw \n§Ä DZm-c-]qÀÆ-I- ambn ¯n At±-l-¯nsâ D]-tZ-i-a-\p-k-cn¨pw At±-l-¯nsâ X¸-c-cm-bn-cn-¡-Ww. Fs´-¦nepw \ÂIp-I-bm-sW-¦n BZÀi- a -\ p-k -c n¨pw Ahsb A\p-K -a n-¡ -W w. CXp AXv _lp-am-\-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Sn-bm-bn-cn-¡-Ww. {i²m-]qÀÆ-a- IqSmsX Hcp-h³ GsX-¦nepw tZmj-¯m If-¦-s¸-«p-t]mÃmsX bmsXm¶pw \ÂIp-hm³ ]mSn- Ã. F´p- sIm-s­- ¶m sb-¦n Ah-t\mSv F§s\ s]cp-am-dWw þ F¶ hnj-bA{i-²-tbmsS \ÂI-s¸-Sp¶ Zm\m-Zn-IÀ½-§Ä Ak- ¯nepw \n§Ä¡v Hcp hnj- am- hØ D­m-Ip-I-bm-sW-¦n ¯mbn ]cn- K - W n- ¡ - s ¸- S p- ¶ p. hn\-b - t ¯msS Zm\w \n§Ä¡v kz´w _p²n-bm Hcp Xocp-am-\-¯n-se-¯psN¿Ww; AXm-bXv FÃm k¼-¯p-Ifpw `K-hm-tâ-Xm-Ip- hm³ km[n-¡p-¶nsæn apI-fn ]d-ªn-cn-¡p¶ hn[¶p. Rm\-Xns\ Ftâ- sX¶p Icp-Xp¶p F¦n AXv AXy- ¯n- epÅ alm- ·m-cmb BfpIÄ Ah-t\mSp F§ns\ s]cp[nIw A]-cm-[-am-Ip-¶p. AXns\ FÃm Pohn-I-fp-tSbpw am-dp-¶thm A§-s\-Xs¶ \n§fpw {]hÀ¯n-¡-Ww. AhlrZ-b-¯n ØnXn-sN-¿p¶ `K-hmsâ tkh-\-¯n-\mbn cpsS \S-]-Sn-IÄ C¡m-cy-¯n {]am-W-am-Ip-¶p. Nne-h-gn-t¡-­Xv Fsâ IÀ¯- hy-am-Ip-¶p. Rms\-´p- am{Xw imkv{X- ¯nsâ BÚ- þ-imkv{Xw ]ngn- sª- Sp¯ k¯v sImSp-¯mepw AXv Aev]-am- {Xta BIp-¶p-Åq. C{]-Imcw CXp-X-s¶-bm-Ip-¶p. Kpcp-¡-·mcpw amXm-]n-Xm-¡fpw X§Nn´n¨p hfsc Ffn-a-tbm-Sp-IqSn \ÂI-Ww. a\-Ên Zm\nfpsS i njy- · mÀ¡pw k´m- \ - § Ä¡pw \ÂIp¶ bm- sW¶ Al-¦mcw hcp-hm-\-\p-h-Zn-¡-cp-X.v FÃm- bn-S¯pw D]tZi§Ä FÃm thZ- §-fp- sSbpw cl- ky-amb CXp-X- s¶FÃm-¯nepw `K-hm³ ØnXn-sN-¿p-¶p. AXn-\m Zm\w bm-I p-¶ p. am{X- a -à , \nb- a hpw CXp-X -s ¶-b m-I p-¶ p. kzoI-cn-¡p-¶-Xp-Xs¶ At±-l-¯nsâ Ir]-sbm-¶p-am{Xw Cuizcsâ BÚbpw ]c-¼-cm-K-X-amb D]-tZ-i-§-fpsS F¶p hnNm-cn¨p `K-hm-t\mSp `bm-\zn-X-\mbn Zm\w \ÂI\mahpw Cu \nbaw Xs¶-bm-Ip-¶p. AXn-\m \n§Ä Ww. ""R§Ä NneÀs¡Ãmw D]-Imcw sN¿p¶p'' F¶pÅ CXp-t]m- se-bpÅ IÀ¯-hy-§fpw kZm-Nm-c-§fpw ]men-¨p`mh-t¯m-Sp-I q-Sn, Al-¦m-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Sn, Ahn-\-b-ambn sIm- Å- Ww. bmsXmcp Zm\hpw sN¿-cp-X.v F¶m bmsXm¶v \mw Zm\cq-]-¯n \ÂIp-¶pthm AXp hnth-I-t¯mSpw AXnsâ ZzmZ- im- \ p-h mIw ]cn-Wm-as¯ a\-Ên-em-¡nbpw \njv¡m-a-`-h-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Snb iw t\m an{Xx iw hcp-Wx. iw t\m `h-Xz-cy-am. IÀ¯-hy-sa¶p Icp-Xnbpw Bbn-cn-¡-Ww. C{]-Imcw \evI- iw \ Ct{µm _rl-kv]Xnx. iw t\m hnjvWp-cp-cps¸-Sp¶ Zm\w `K-hÂ{]o-Xn-¡mbn awK-f-¯nsâ km[-\-bm- {I-ax. \tam {_Ò-tW. \akvtX hmtbm. Xztah bn-¯o-cp-hm³ CS-bm-Ip-¶p. AXp-Xs¶ A£-b-^-es¯ {]Xy£w {_Òm-kn. Xzmtah {]Xy£w {_Òm-hm{]Zm\w sN¿p-¶-Xm-Ip-¶p. Zn-jw. EX-a-hm-Zn-jw. kXy-a-hmZnjw. X·m-am-ho-Xv.

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AY bZn tX IÀ½-hn-Nn-InÕm hm hr¯-hn-NnInÕm hm kymXv tb X{X {_mÒWmx k½Àin\x. bpàm Bbp-àmx. Aep£m [À½-Imamx kyp; bYm tX X{X hÀ¯-tc³. XYm X{X hÀt¯Ymx. AYm`ymJymtXjp. tb X{X {_ÒWmx k½Àin\x. bpàm Bbpàmx Aep£m [À½-Imamx kypx, bYm tX tXjp-hÀ¯-tc³x XYm tXj-hÀt¯-Ymx. Gj BtZix. Gj D]-tZix Gjm thtZ-]-\n-jXv. GX-Z\pimk-\ w. Gh-ap-] m-k n-X hyw! Ghap ssNX-Zp- ]m-k yw.

XZz-àm-c-am-ho-Xv. Bho-·mw. Bho-Zz-àm-cw. Hmw im´nx ! im´nx !! im´nx !!!
in£m-hÃn-bpsS Cu A´n-am-\p-hm-I-¯n `n¶-`n-¶i-ànIfpsS A[n-jvTm-Xm-hmb ]c-ta-iz-c-t\mSp `n¶`n-¶\m-a-¯nepw cq]-¯nepw At±-ls¯ kvXpXn-¨p-sIm­v {]mÀ°-\m-]qÀÆw \µn {]I-Sn-¸n-¡p-¶p. B[n-ssZ-hn-Ihpw B²ym-ßn-Ihpw B[n-`u-Xn-I-hp-amb iàn-I-fpsS cq]¯nepw AXp-t]mse Ah-bpsS A[n-jvTm-\-tZ-hX-I-fmb an{X³ hcp- W³ apX- emb tZh- X-I- fpsS cq]-¯nepw bmsXmcp-¯³ AJn- e¯n- tâbpw Bßmhpw A´-cym-an-bp-am-bncn-¡p¶ ]c-ta-iz-c-\m-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm At±lw FÃm-{]-Imc- ¯nepw \ap¡p Ieym- W-a-b-\mbn `hn-¡s« þ \½psS D¶Xn-bpsS amÀ¤-¯n bmsXm-cp-hn-[-¯n-epÅ hnLv\§Ä kw`-hn-¡p-hm³ A\p-h-Zn-¡m-Xn-cn-¡-s«. \nJn-e-¯nsâbpw A´-cym-an-bmb {_Òs¯ \a-k¡-cn-¡p-¶p. v

Ch-sbÃmw sNbvXp-sIm-­n-cp-¶n«pw \n§Ä¡v GsX¦nepw Hc-h- k-c-¯n kz IÀ¯-hys¯ \nÝ-bn- ¡p¶Xn\v hnjaw t\cn-Sp-Itbm kz´w _p²n-bn Hcp Xocp-am-\-¯nse-¯p-¶-Xn\p km[n-¡msX hcn-Itbm \n§Ä InwIÀ¯hy-hn-aq-V-\m-bn-¯o-cp-Itbm BsW-¦n A§-s\- bpÅ Ah-Ø-bn \à Nn´m-K-Xn-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bh\pw DNn-X-§C{]-Imcw im´n-¡p-th­n ]c-am-ßm-hn-t\mSp {]mÀ°nfmb \à D]-tZ-i-§Ä \ÂIp-¶-h\pw k¡À½-§-fnepw ¨n«p kq{Xm-ßm-hmbn {]mW-cq-]-¯n FÃm Pohn-I-fnepw kZm-Nm-c-§-fnepw X¸-c-X-tbm-Sp-IqSn hym]r-X-\m-bn-cn-¡p-

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I hym]n-¨n-cn-¡p¶ ]c-ta-iz-cs\ hmbp-hnsâ \ma-¯nÂ
kvXpXn-¡p¶p þ ""tl kÀÆ-i-àn-am³, FÃm¯ntâbpw {]mW-cq-]amb hmbp-ab ]c-ta-iz-c, A§sb \akv¡-cn¡p-¶p. A§p-Xs¶ FÃm {]mWn-I-fp-tSbpw {]mW-kz-cq]-amb {]Xy£ {_Ò-am-Ip-¶p. AXn-\m Rm³ A§-sb¯s¶ {]Xy-£-ssZ-ha-sa¶p ]dªp hnfn-¡p-¶p. Rm³ EXw F¶ \ma-¯nepw A§sb hnfn-¡p-¶p. F´p-sIms­-¶m FÃm Pohn-IÄ¡p-ambn bmsXm¶v Ieym-W-Imcn-bmb \nb-a-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm B \nb-a-cq-]amb EX (Cuizc-\n-b-a)¯nsâ A[n-jvTm-Xmhpw A§p Xs¶-bmIp-¶p. am{X-a-Ã, Rm³ kXyw F¶ t]cnepw A§sb kwt_m-[\w sN¿p¶p; F´p-sIm-s­-¶mÂ, "kXy' (bYmÀ°-`m-j-W)-¯nsâ A[n-jTm-\-tZ-h-Xbpw A§p-X-s¶v bm-Ip-¶p-h-sÃm. kÀÆ-hym-]nbpw A´-cym-an-bp-amb ]c-taiz-c³ kZm-Nm-chpw kXy-`m-j-Whpw kZvhnZy {]m]n-¡p¶-Xn-\pÅ iàn F\n¡v {]Zm\w sNbvXv P\-\a-c-W-amIp¶ Cu kwkm- c-N-{I-¯nÂ\n¶pw Fs¶ c£n-¡p-Ibpw AXp-t]mse Fsâ BNm-cy\v FÃm D]-tZ-i-§fpw \ÂIn FÃm-bn-S¯pw B kXys¯ {]N-cn-¸n-¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ iàn {]Zm\w sNbvXv At±-ls¯ c£n-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXn-cn-¡p¶p. ChnsS "Fs¶ c£n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p, Fsâ BNm-cys\ c£n-¨n-cn-¡p¶p' Cu hmIy-§-fpsS BhÀ¯-\-¯nsâ Bi-bw-in-£m-h-Ãn-bpsS kam-]Xnsb kqNn-¸n-¡p-¶p. v

{]Y-am- \ p-hmIw
{_Ò-hn-Zm-]vt\mXn ]cw. XtZ-jm-`yp-àm.

K

{_Ò Úm\n-bmb alm-ßmhv ]c-{_-Òs¯ {]m]n¡p¶p; C¡mcyw Adn-bn- ¡p- ¶-Xn\pw ap¼n hcp¶ {ipXn ]d-b-s¸- Sp-¶p.

kXyw Úm\-a-\´w {_Ò. tbm thZ \nlnXw Kplmbmw ]cta thyma³. tkmiv\ptX kÀhm³ Imam³ kl {_mÒWm hn]-Ýn-tX-Xn.

Cu a{´- ¯n ]c- {_Ò ]c- am- ßm-hnsâ kzcq] t_m[I- amb e£- W-§sf ]d-ªn«v At±-l-¯nsâ {]m]vXn-Øm\s¯ hÀ®n¨v At±- l- ¯nsâ {]m]vXn- sIm- ­pÅ ^ehpw hnh-cn-¡p- ¶p. ]c-{_Ò ]c-am- ßmhpw kXy-kz-cq-]-\m-sW¶v Bi-bw. "kXy' i_vZw ChnsS \nXy-X-bpsS t_m[s¯ Df-hm-¡p-¶p. AXm-bXv B ]c-{_Òw \nXy k¯v BIp¶p. bmsXmcp Ime-¯nepw AXn\v A`mhw D­m-Ip-¶n-Ã. AXp-t]mse At±lw Úm\-kz-cq-]\pw BIp-¶p. At±l- ¯n AÚm\w eh-teiw t]mepw CÃ. At±lw A\´- am-Ip-¶p. AXm-bXv tZi-¯n\pw Ime-¯n\pw AXo-X- \mIp¶p þ ko amc-ln-X-\m-Ip-¶p. B {_Òw AXn-hn-ip-²amb BIm-i-¯n hkn-¨p-sIm-­n-cp-¶n«pw FÃm-h-cptSbpw lrZ-bKp-l-I-fn Hfn-ªn-cn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. B ]c-{_Ò ]c-am-ßm-hns\ bmsXmcp km[-I³ XXz-t¯mHmw im´nx im´nx im´nx þ C{]- Imcw aq¶p {]mhiyw Sp-IqSn a\-Ên-em-¡p-¶pthm Ah³ FÃm-t¯bpw \¶m-b"im´n' ]Zs¯ D¨-cn-¡p-¶-Xnsâ `mhmÀ°w þ B[n-`u- dn-bp-¶-h-\mb B {_Ò-t¯m-Sp-IqSn hkn-¨p-sIm­v FÃm Xn-Ihpw B[n-ssZ-hn-Ihpw B²ym-ßn-I-hp-ambn aq¶p hn[- {]Im-c-¯n-ep-apÅ t`mK-§sf Aeu-In-I-am-b-co-Xn-bn ¯n-epÅ hnLv\§Ä¡v kÀÆYm D]-i-a\w D­m-Is« A\p-` -h n-¡ p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. Cu {_Òm-WvU-¯n F¶- Xm-Wv. `K-hm³ im´n- kz-cq- ]-\mIp¶p. AXn- \m At±- bmsXm¶v PU-tN-X-\m-cq-]-amb PK-¯ m-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm l-¯nsâ kvac-W-bn \n¶pw FÃm {]Im-c-¯n-epapÅ AXv Cuiz-c-\m ]cn-]qÀ®-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. B Cuiz-cs\ im´n kp\nÝnX-am-Ip-¶p. X¶n¯s¶ hkn-¸n-¨ p-sIm­v AXm-b Xv \nc-´cw Nn´n¨p sIm­p-Xs¶ hkn-¸n-¨p-sIm­v AXm-bXv \nc{_Òm-\ - µ- h Ãn ´cw Nn´n-¨p-sIm-­p-Xs¶ XymK-]qÀÆw Ah-iy-hn-j-bim´n- ] mTw §sf tkh\w sN¿-Ww. bmsXm-cp-]tZiw km[-I\pth­n \ÂI-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶pthm A¡mcyw Xs¶ ChnsS Hmw kl \mh-h-Xp. kl \u `p\àpw klhocyw Ic-hm-h-ssl. tXPkzn \mh-[o-X-a-kvXp. am kn²-·m-cmb alm-ßm-¡-fpsS ØnXn-sb-¸än ]d-bp-¶-Xn\v {]tbm-Kn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. "Ah³ {_Ò-t¯m-Sp-IqSn FÃm hnZznjm hssl. t`mK§fpw A\p-`- hn-¡p¶p' ]c- am-ßm- hns\ {]m]n¨ kn²Hmw im´nx ! im´nx !! im´nx !!! cmb ]pcp-j-·mÀ C{µn-b-§Ä hgn-bmbn _mly- hn- j- b- §sf tl ]c-a m-ß ³, A§p Kpcp-i n-j y-c mb R§sf A\p-`-hn-¨p-sIm­v kzbw ]c-am-ßm-hnÂXs¶ ØnXn-sNFt¸mgpw FÃm {]Imc-¯nepw c£n-¨mepw! R§sf ¿p-¶p. Ahsâ a\-Ê,v _p²n, C{µn-b-§-fpsS {]hÀ¯-\Ft¸mgpw kap-N n-X -amb cq]-¯ n ]cn-] m-e n-¨ m-e pw. §Ä Ch apJm-´n-c-ap-­m-Ip¶ FÃm tNjvS-Ifpw ]c-amR§Ä¡v FÃm-hn[ iàn-Ifpw {]Zm\w sNbvXm-epw. ßm-hn ØnXn-s N-b vXp-sIm-­ p-X s¶ kw`-h n-¡ p-¶ p. R§Ä A`y-kn¨ hnZy tXPx-]qÀ®-am-bn-cn-¡-tW. Hcn- BfpIfpsS ImgvN-bn Bh-iy-a-\p-k-cn¨v bYm-tbmKyw ¡epw BtcmSpw hnZy-bn R§Ä¡p ]cm-Pbw kw`-hn- hnjb§sf C{µn-b-Zzmcm A\p-`-hn-¡p¶ ka-b¯pw ¡m-Xn-cn-¡-tW. R§Ä Pohn-X-Imew ]cm-Pbw kw`-hn-¡m- Ah³ ]c-am-ßm-hnÂ\n¶pw Hcp £W-t\-c-t¯-bv¡pXn-cn-¡-tW. R§Ä Pohn-X-Imew apgp-h³ ]c-kv]cw t]mepw thÀhn-«p-\n¡p- ¶n-Ã. AXn-\m kZm FÃm IÀ½kvt\l-kq-{X-¯m _²-cm-bn-cn-¡-tW. R§-fpsS DÅn §-fnÂ\n¶pw \nÀte-]-ambn hkn-¡p-¶p. Cu `mhw ImWnHcn-¡epw ]c-kv]-c-hn-tZzjw D­m-Im-Xn-cn-¡-tW. tl ]c- ¡p-¶-Xn-\p-th­n "hn]-ÝnXm {_mÒWm kl kÀÆm³ Imam³ Aiv\ptX' F¶p ]d-bs¸-Sp-¶p. C{]-Imcw Cu am-ß³. aq¶p Xm]-§Ä¡pw \nhr-¯n-bp-­m-¡-W-ta.

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I {ipXn ]c-{_-Ò-¯nsâ kzcq-]hpw AXp-t]mse AXnsâ

A¶w- sIm-­p-Xs¶ Ah-bpsS ]me-\hpw t]mj-Whpw \S¡p-¶p. AXn-\m A¶w-sIm-­p-Xs¶ Ah Pohn-¡p¶p. Úm\-¯nsâ aln-abpw Adn-bn-¡p-¶-Xm-Ip-¶p. ]n¶oSv Ah-km\w Cu A¶-¯n¯s¶ þ A¶s¯ kw_Ôw þ B ]c-{_-Ò-]-c-am-ßmhv F{]-Imcw F§s\DÛ- hn-¸n-¡p¶ `qan-bnÂXs¶ hneo-\- am-bn-¯o-cp- ¶p. FÃm bpÅ Kpl-bn Hfn-ªn-cn-¡p¶p; At±-ls¯ F§s\ Pohn-I-fp-tSbpw P\-\hpw Pohn-Xhpw ac-Whpw Øqe-iXncn-¨-dn-bWw þ Cu B{K-l-\n-hr-¯n-¡p-th­n ASp¯ co-c-¯nsâ kw_-Ô-¯n \n¶pw DÛ-hn-¡p-¶p. A¶w{]I-cWw Bcw-`n-¡p-¶p. sIm­p Pohn- ¡p-¶p. AXp- t]mse A¶- ¯nsâ DÛ- h- ØmXkvamZzm GX-kvam-Zm-ß\ BImix kw`q-X x. \-amb `qan-bn hnebpw {]m]n-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. CXmBIm-im-Zzm-bpx. hmtbm-c-ánx. Atá-cm-]x. AZv`yx Wn-Xnsâ Xm¸-cyw. B ico-c¯n hkn-¡p¶ Pohm]rYn-h n. ]rYnhym Hmj-[ -b x. Hmj-[ ot`ym¶w. ßmhv A¶-¯n ebn-¨p-tN-cp-¶nÃ; Ah-sb-Ãm-am-Is« A¶m-Xv]p-cp-jx. k hm Gj ]pcptjm¶c ka- arXyp-Im-e-¯n {]mW-t\m-Sp-IqSn Cu ico-c-¯n \n¶pw bx. Xtkym-Zta-h-in-cx. Abw-Z-£nWx ]£x. Ab- ]pd- s¸«p aäp ico- c- ¯n-te¡p amdn-t¸m-Ip- ¶p. C{]-Imcw Cu ap-¯-cx-]-£x. Ab-am-ßm. CZw ]pÑw {]Xn-jvTm. A¶w FÃm PohnIfptSbpw DÛ-h¯nsâ Imc-W-am-IpXZ-t]yj tÇmtIm `h-Xn. ¶p. CXn FÃmw AS§nbn-cn-¡p-¶p. BI-bm CXpCu a{´-¯n a\p-jy-lr-Z-b-am-Ip¶ Kplsb hÀ®n- Xs¶ FÃm-¯nepw t{ijvTw. AXn-\m CXp kÀÆu-j[ ¡p- ¶-Xn- \pÅ Dt±-i-t¯m- Sp- IqSn BZyw a\p- jy- i- co- c- ¯nsâ cq]-sa¶p ]d-b-s¸-Sp¶p; F´p-sIm-s­-¶m CXn D¸-¯n-{I-as¯ kwt£- ]-ambn ]d-ªn«v AXnsâ Ah- PohnIfpsS £p[m-P-\ y-a mb k´m]w \in-¡ p- ¶ p. b-h-§sf ]£n-IfpsS AwK-§-fmbn hn`m-h\w sN¿p-¶p. bmsXmcp km[-I³ Cu A¶s¯ {_Ò-cq-]-¯n D]mAJn-e-¯n-tâbpw Bßmhv A´-cym-an-bmb ]c-am-ßm- hn kn- ¡p-¶pthm Ah³ kakvX A¶-t¯bpw {]m]n-¡p- ¶p. \n¶pw BZy-ambn BIm-i-X-Xz-¯n DÛ-hn¨p F¶p Ah\v CjvSw-t]mse A¶w e`y- am-Ip-¶p. AXnsâ A`mhw kmcw. BIm-i -¯ n \n¶pw hmbp-X - X zhpw hmbp- Hcn-¡epw D­m-Ip-¶n-Ã. Cu A¶w Xs¶ FÃm `qX-§hnÂ\n¶pw Aán-X- Xzhpw Aán-bn \n¶pw Pe-X-Xzhpw fnepw kÀÆ-t{i-jvT-am-Ip-¶p. AXn-\m CXv kÀÆu-j-[-aPe-¯nÂ\n¶pw ]rYznbpw DÛ-hn-¨p. ]rYzn-bnÂ\n¶pw b-sa¶p ]d-bs¸-Sp-¶Xp kÀÆYm kXyw Xs¶-bm-Ip-¶p. FÃm Pohn-Ifpw A¶-¯nÂ\n¶pw DÛ-hn-¡p-Ibpw A¶w\m\m-{]-Im-c-¯n-epÅ Hmj-[n-Ifpw [m\y-s¨-Sn-Ifpw Ahbn \n¶pw a\p-jyÀ¡pÅ Blm-chpw DÛ-hn-¨p. B sIm­p hf-cp-Ibpw þ Ah-bpsS Ah-b-h-]pjvSn A¶wA¶-¯ nÂ\n¶pw Cu Øqe-a-\p-jy-i-coc ]pcp-j\pw sIm­p kw`-hn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. FÃm Pohn-Ifpw D­m-bn. A¶-c-k-¯n \n¶pw D­mb a\pjy-i-co-c-[m- CXns\ `£n-¡p-Ibpw AXp-t]mse FÃm Pohn-I-tfbpw cn-bmb ]pcp-js\ ]£n-bpsS cq]-t¯m-Sp-]-an-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. CXp `£n-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXv X¶n-te-bv¡p-Xs¶ hen-s¨-SpCXnsâ inc-Êns\ ]£n- bpsS inc- tÊmSpw CS-¯p-`p-Ps¯ ¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. AXn-\m ""AZy-tX, A¯n N CXn CS-¯p-]£ -t¯mSpw D]-an-¡p-¶p. he-Xp-`pPw he-Xp-]- A¶w'' F¶ hypev] -¯ n-b -\ p-k -c n¨v CXnsâ \maw £hpw ico-c-¯nsâ a[y-`mKw ]£n-bpsS ico-c¯nsâ A¶sa¶mbn-cn-¡p-¶p. a[y-`m-Khpw BIp-¶p. c­p-]m-Z-§fpw ]£n-bpsS ImepXkv a mZzm GX- k v a m- Z- ¶ - c - k - a - b m-Z t\ym´c am-Ip-¶p. A¶-¯nsâ aln-asb hÀ®n-¨p-sIm­pÅXm- Bßm {]mW-a-bx. tXss\j ]qÀ®x. k hm Gj Ip¶p ASp¯ a{´w. ]pcp-j-hn[ Gh. Xky ]pcp-j-hn-[-Xm-a-\zbw ]pcp-

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A¶ ms sZz {] Pmx {]Pm- b - t ´ .bmx ImÝ ]rYnhow {ioXmx. AtYm At¶-s s\h Poh-´n. AssY\- Z - ] n- b - ´ y- ´ - X x. A¶w ln `qXm\mw tPyjvTw. Xkvam-ÕÀhu-j-[-ap-Ny-tX. kÀÆw ssh tX¶am-]v\p-h-´ ntb¶w {_tÒm-]m-k-tX. A¶w ln `qXm\mw tPyjvTw. Xkvam-ÕÀhu-j-[-ap-Ny-tX. A¶m-Zv`q-Xm\n Pmb-t´. PmXm-\y-t¶\ hÀ[-t´. AZytX¯n N `qXm-\n. Xkvam-Zm\w XZp-NyX CXn.

j-hn-[x. Xky {]mW Gh incx. hymt\m Z£n-Wx ]£x. A]m\ D¯cx ]£x. BImi Bßm. ]rYnho ]pÑw {]Xn-jvTm. XZ-t]yj tÇmtIm `hXn.

ZznXo-bm-\p-hm-I-¯nse Cu c­mw Awi-¯n {]mWa-b-amb ico-cs¯ hÀ®n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. ]qÀtÆm-à-amb A¶- c-k-¯n \n¶pw DÛ-hn-¨n-«pÅ Øqe ico-c- ¯n \n¶pw `n¶-ambn AXnsâ DÅn ØnXn-sN-¿p¶ asämcp ico-c-ap-­v. AXnsâ t]À "{]mW-abw' F¶m-Ip-¶p. {]mWa-b-t¯-¡mÄ A¶-a-bi-cocw ]qÀ®-am-Ip-¶p. A¶-a-bCu a{´- ¯n A¶- ¯nsâ alna hÀ®n- ¡-s¸-«n-cn- ¡p- amb Øqe ico-c- s¯- ¡mÄ kq£va-am- b-Xp-Im-cWw {]mW¶p. Cu ]rYzn-bn F{Xtbm Pohn-IÄ hkn-¡p-¶p. Ah- ab icocw CXnsâ AwK-{]-Xyw-K-§-fn hym]n-¨n-cn-¡psbÃmw A¶-¯n \n¶pw DÛ-hn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. A¶- ¶p. Cu {]mW-a-b-i-co-chpw ]pcp-jm-Im-c-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-X¯nsâ ]cn-Wm-a-cq-]amb cP-Ê nÂ\n¶pw hocy-¯n t{X. A¶- ab ico-c-¯nsâ ]pcp-jm-Im-cXzw {]kn-²-am-W.v \n¶pw Ah-bpsS icocw D­m-bn- cn-¡p-¶p. AXn\p tijw AXn A\p-K-X-am-bXn-\m¯s¶ Cu {]mW-a-b-ico-

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I chpw ]pcp-jm-Im-c-sa¶p ]d-bs¸-Sp-¶p. AXns\ ]£nbpsS cq]-¯n hn`m-h\w sN¿p-¶-Xn-{]-Im-c-am-Ip¶p þ {]mW³Xs¶ AXnsâ incÊv; F´p-sIm-s­- ¶m icoc-¯nsâ Ah-b-h-b-§-fn akvXIw F{]-Imcw t{ijvTam-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm AXp-t]m-se-Xs¶ ]©-{]m-W-§-fn apJy-{]m-W³ Xs¶ kÀÆ-t{i-jvTam-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. hym\³ he-Xp-Nn-dIpw A]m-\³ CS-Xp-Nn-dIpw BIp-¶p. BImis¯ AXm-bXv A´-co-£-¯n hym]n-¨p-In-S-¡p¶ hmbp-hn-s\-t¸mse kÀÆ-i-co-c-hym-]n-bmb "kam-\-hmbp' Bßm-hm-Ip¶p; F´p-sIm-s­-¶m AXp-Xs¶ icocw apgp-h³ kam\ cq]-¯n ckw F¯n¨v FÃm {]mW-ab ico-c-§-tfbpw ]pjvSn-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶p. CXnsâ Øm\w icoc-¯nsâ a[y-`m-K-am-Wv. AXp-t]mse CXn\v _mlym-Im-ihp-ambn kw_-Ô- ap-­v. Cu {]mWsâ aln-am-hn-j-I-ambn ]d-bs¸-Sp¶ a{´amWv C\n-bp-Å-Xv.

kmtam-¯cx ]£x. BtZi Bßm. AYÀhm-MvKnckx ]pÑw {]Xn-jvTm. XZ-t]yj tÇmtIm `h-Xn.

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{]mWw tZhm A\p {]mW-´n. a\pjymx ]ihÝ tb. {]mtWm ln `qXm-\ m-a m-b px. Xkv amÕÀhm-bp-j -ap-Ny-tX. kÀÆ-tah X BbpÀb´n tb {]mWw {_tÒm-]m-k-tX. {]mtWm ln `qXm-\mam-bpx. Xkvam-ÕÀhm-bp-j-ap-Ny-X CXn. Xsskyj Gh imcoc Bßm bx ]qÀÆ-ky.
aq¶m-a-\p-hm-I-¯nse Cu BZymwi¯n {]mWsâ aln-a sb hÀ®n-¡ p¶ {ipXnsb DtÃ-J \w sNbvX Xn\ptijw Cu {]mW-a-b- i-co-c-¯nse A´- cym-an- bmb ]cta-iz-cs\ e£y-am-¡n-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. F{X-am{Xw tZh-X-Ifpw a\p-jycpw arK-§-fp-ambn ico-c-[m-cn-I-fmb Pohn-I-fpt­m Ah-sbÃmw {]mWsâ klm-bw-sIm­p am{Xw Pohn-¡p¶p. {]mW-s\-¡q-SmsX bmsXm-¶n-tâbpw icocw \ne\n¡p-¶n-Ã. F´p-sIm-s­-¶mÂ, {]mW³Xs¶ FÃm Pohn-I-fp-tSbpw BbpÊv þ Poh³ þ BIp-¶p. AXn-\m Cu {]mWs\ "kÀhmbpjw' F¶p hnfn-¡p-¶p. bmsXmcp km[- I³ "CXp Pohn-I-fpsS Bbp-Êm- Ip- ¶p, AXn-\m CXv FÃm-h-cp-tSbpw Poh³ AsÃ-¦n BbpÊv F¶p ]d-bs¸-Sp¶p' F¶p hniz-kn¨v Cu {]mWs\ _mly-cq-]-¯n D]m-k\ sN¿p-¶pthm Ah³ ]qÀ®-amb Bbp-Êns\ {]m]n-¡p-¶p. bmsXmcp kÀÆm-ßm-hmb ]c-ta-iz-c³ A¶¯nsâ ck- ¯m D­m- ¡- s¸« Øqe- i-co-c-[m-cn- bmb ]pcpjsâ A´-cm-ßm-hm- bn-cn-¡p- ¶pthm At±lw Xs¶ {]mWa-b-\mb ]pcp-jsâ ico-cm-´ÀhÀ¯nbpw A´-cym-an-bpamb Bßm-hm-bn-cn-¡p-¶p.

ChnsS at\m-a-b]pcpjs\ hÀ®n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. BZyw ]dª {]mW-ab ]pcp-j-\nÂ\n¶pw `n¶hpw AXn-s\¡mÄ kq£vahpw Bb-Xp-Im-cWw AXnsâ DÅn hkn¡p-¶Xp asämcp ]pcp-j-\m-Ip-¶p. AXnsâ \ma-am-Ip¶p ""at\m-a-b³''. B at\m-a-b-\m Cu {]mW-ab icocw ]qÀ®-am-Ip-¶p. AXm-bXv AXv Cu {]mW-ab ico-c-¯n kÀÆ{X hym]n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. B at\m-ab ico-chpw ]pcpjsâ BIm-c-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Sn- b-Xm-Ip-¶p. {]mW- a-b- ]p-cp-j- \n A\p-K-X-\m-b-Xn-\m¯s¶ Cu at\m-ab icocw ]pcp-jk-am-\-amb BIm-c- t¯m-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-Xm-Ip-¶p. AXns\ ]£nbpsS cq]-¯n C{]-Imcw hn`m-h\w sN¿p¶p þ B at\mab ]pcp-jsâ incÊv bPpÀth-Z-am-Ip-¶p. EtKzZw heXp NndIpw kma-thZw CSXp Nnd-Ip-am-Ip-¶p. BtZiw (hn-[nhm-Iyw) ico-c¯nsâ a[y-`m-Khpw AXp-t]mse AYÀÆmhv, AwKn-cÊv F¶o alÀjn-am-cm ZÀin-¡-s¸« AYÀÆth-Z-a-{´w-Xs¶ hmepw B[m-chpw BIp-¶p. bÚm-Zn-IÀ½-§-fn bPpÀth-Z-¯nse a{´-§Ä¡p {]m[m- \y-ap-­v. CXp IqSmsX bmsXm- ¶nse A£- c-§Ä¡v bmsXmcp ¢n]vX-kw-Jybpw CÃm-Xn-cn-¡p-¶pthm bmsXm¶nsâ ]mZ-]qÀ¯n¡p bmsXmcp \nÝn-X-\n-ba-§-fp-an-ÃmXn-cn- ¡p-¶pthm A§-s\- bpÅ a{´- §sf "bPpÀthZ' OµÊn A´ÀK-X-am-bn-¡-cp-Xp-¶p. Cu \nbaw A\p-k-cn¨v GsX- ¦n-e p-samcp sshZn-I -h m-Iytam AYhm a{´tam ""kzmlm'' ]Zw A´y-¯n tNÀ¯v Aán-bn BlpXn kaÀ¸n-¨m B hmIy-t¯tbm a{´-t¯tbm bPpÊv F¶p ]d-bpw. C{]-Imcw bPpÀa-{´-Zzm-cm-Xs¶ Aán¡v lhnÊv AÀ¸n-¡-s¸-Sp-¶-Xn-\m AhnsS bPpÊv {][m-\am-Ip-¶p. AwK-§-fn incÊpw {]m[m-\y-aÀln-¡p-¶-Xpt]mse bPpÀth-Zs¯ incÊpw F¶p ]d-bp-¶XpNnX- ambn-cn-¡p-¶p. thZ-a-{´-§-fpsS hÀ®w, ]Zw, hmIyw apXem-bhbpsS D¨m-c-W-¯n\v BZyw a\-Ên¯s¶ k¦- ev]-ap-W-cp-¶p. AXn-\m k¦-ev]m-ß-I-hr-¯n-Zzmcm at\mab ]pcp-j-t\m-Sp-Iq-Snb thZ-a-{´-§Ä¡p L\n-jvT-amb kw_- Ô- ap-­v. Chbv¡v at\m-ab ]pcp-jsâ Ah-b-h§fnÂXs¶ Øm\w \ÂI-s ¸-«n-cn-¡ p-¶ p. ico-c- ¯n bmsXmcp Øm\w \ÂI-s ¸-«n-c n-¡p-¶ p. ico-c -¯ n bmsXmcp Øm\w c­p `pP§Ä¡p-­m-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm B kvYm\w Xs¶-bmWp at\m- ab ]pcp-jsâ AwK-§-fn EtKz-Z-¯n\pw kma-th- Z-¯n-\p-ap-Å-Xv. bÚ-bm-Km-Zn-I-fn Ch-bpsS a{´- Zzmcm kvXh-\hpw IoÀ¯-\hpw \S-¯p-¶p. AXn-\m bPpÀth-Z-a-{´-§sf At]-£n¨v Ch A{]-[m\-§-fm-Ip-¶p. F¶n-cp-¶mepw `pP-§-sf-t¸mse bÚ-§fn {][m\ klm-b-I-§fpw BIp-¶p. AXn-\m Chbv¡v `pP-§-fpsS cq]w \ÂI-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶p. BtZi (hn-[n) hmIyw thZ-§-fpsS DÅn-em-Ip-¶p. AXn-\m Ah-Xp-Xs¶ at\m-ab ]pcp-jsâ AwK-§-fpsS a[y-`m-K-ambn ]d-bs¸-

Xkv a mZzm GX- k v a m- X v {]m-W - a -b m-Z t\ym´c Bßm at\m-a-bx. tXss\j ]qÀ®x. k hm Gj ]pcp-j-hn[ Gh. Xky ]pcp-j-hn-[-Xm-a-\zbw ]pcpj-hn-[x. Xky bPp-tch incx. EKvZ-£nWx ]£x.

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I Sp-¶p. AYÀh-th-Z-¯n im´nIw ]ujvSnIw BZn-bmb

hym]vX-am-bn-cn-¡p-Ibpw at\m-abw Xt¶-¡mÄ ap¼pÅ IÀ½- §-fpsS km[-Ia-{´-am-Ip¶p {]Xn-jvT-bpsS Imc-W- {]mW-a-bhpw A¶- a-b-hp-amb ico-c-§-fn hym]-I-am-bnam-bn-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. AXn-\m AXns\ ]pÑ-sa¶pw {]Xn-jT- cn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. AXn- \m Cu hnPvRm\-amb Pohmv sb¶pw ]d-bp-¶Xv kÀÆYm bpàn-kw-K-X-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. ßmhv icocw apgp-h³ hym]n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. Pohm-ß-kz-cq-]k¦-ev]m-ßI hr¯n-Zzmcm at\m-ab ]pcp-jsâ \nXy-kw- \mb t£{X- Ú³ ico- c-cq-]-am-Ip¶ t£{X- ¯n kÀÆ{X _Ôw Ch-sb-Ãm-¯n-t\m-Spw-Iq-Sn-bp-­v. AXn-\m thZ-a- ØnXn-sN-¿p-¶p. Cu hnÚ-\-am-b-amb Bßmhpw \nÝ{´-§Ä AXnsâ AwK-ambn ]d-bs¸-Sp-¶p. Cu Imcyw b-am-bn-¯s¶ ]pcp-jm-Im-c-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Sn-bX m-Ip-¶p. B at\m-ab ]pcp-j-\n hym]n-¨n- cn-¡p-¶- Xn-\m¯s¶ AXv Ft¸mgpw kvac-W- bn-ep-­m-bn- cn-¡-Ww. ]pcp-jm-Im-c-ambn ]d-b-s¸-Sp-¶p. B hnÚm-\-a-b-s¯ ]£n-bpsS cq]-¯n C{]-Imcw hn`m-h\w sN¿p-¶p. NXpÀYm-\ p-h mIw _p²n-b psS \nÝn-X -h n-izm-k -c q-]-a mb hr¯nsb B btXm hmtNm \nhÀ¯-t´. A{]m]y a\km hnÚm-\m-ßm-hnsâ ico-c¯nsâ {][m\ AwK-cq-]-amb kl. B\µw {_ÒtWm hnZzm³. \ _nt`Xn IZm- inc-Êmbn Iev]n-¡p¶p. F´p-sIm-s­-¶m Cu ZrV-hnN-t\-Xn. Xsskyj Gh imcoc Bßm bx ]qÀÆ- izm-kw-Xs¶ Hmtcm hnj-b-¯nepw D¶-Xn-bpsS Imc-W-amky. Ip-¶p. ]c-am-ß-{]m-]vXn-bn-em-Is« Gä-hp-amZyw CXnsâ Cu a{´- ¯n {_Òm-\-µs¯ {Kln-¨n-«pÅ hnZzm³am- Bhiyap-­ m-Ip-¶p. kZm-Nm-c-\n-Ýbw CXnsâ heXp cpsS aln-a-tbm-Sp-IqSn Ah-cpsS at\m-a-b-i-co-c-¯nsâ NndIpw kXy-`m- j-W- \n-Ýbw CXnsâ CS- Xp-]-£hpw BIpamlm-ßy-t¯bpw {]I-Sn-¸n-¡p-¶p. ]c-{_Ò ]c-am-ßm- ¶p. kXy`mj-W-\n-Ýbw CXnsâ CS-Xp-]-£hpw BIphnsâ bmsXm¶v kzcq-]-`q-X-am-bn-cn-¡p¶ ]c-am-\-µ-am-bn-cn- ¶p. [ym\-Zzmcm ]c-am-ßm-hp-ambn kwbp-à-am-IpI Xs¶ ¡p-¶pthm Ahn-Sw-hsc a\- Êpw, hmWn BZn-bm-bpÅ C{µn- hnÚm-\-ab ico- c- ¯nsâ a[y- `m- K- hpw. ""alÊv'' F¶ \mab-§-fpsS kap-Zmb cq]-am-Ip¶ at\m-ab ico-c¯n\v ¯n {]kn-²-amb ]c-am-ßmhv hmepw B[m-chpw BIpF¯n-t¨-cp-hm³ Ign-bp-¶n-Ã. F¶m {_Òs¯ {]m]n- ¶p. F´p-sIm- s­-¶m ]c- am- ßm-hp- Xs¶ Pohm- ßm-hnsâ ¡p-¶- Xn\v km[-\-b-\p-jvTn-¡p¶ a\p-jy\v CXv {_Ò-t¯m- ]c-a-amb B{i-b-am-Ip-¶p. S-Sp-¡p-¶-Xn\p {]tXyIw klm-bIam-Ip-¶p. Cu a\-Êpw, - C\n-bpÅ a{´-§-fn Cu hnÚm-\m-ßm-hnsâ alnhmWn apX-em-bh km[-\m-]cm-b-W-]p-cp-js\ B ]c-{_- asb hÀ®n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. Ò-¯nsâ hmXnÂhsc F¯n-¡p-Ibpw AXn-s\-A-hnsS hn«n«v kzbw aS-§n-hcn-Ibpw B km[-I³ At±-ls¯ ]©-am- \ p- h mIw {]m]n-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. {_Ò-¯nsâ B\-µa-b-kz-cq]s¯ Adn-ªn-«pÅ Úm\nIÄ Hcn-¡epw `b-`o-X-cm-IphnÚ m\ w bÚ w X \ p- t X . IÀ ½ mW n ¶n-Ã. X\ptX]nN. hnÚm\w tZhmx kÀth. {_Ò at\m-ab ico-c¯nse A´-cym-an-bmb Bßmhpw Xkvam-t¨¶ {]am-Zy-Xn. icotc ]m]vat\m lnXzm. ]qÀtÆm-à-amb A¶- c-k-a-b-i-co-c-¯n-tebpw {]mW-a-b-ikÀÆm³ Imam³ ka-iv\pX CXn. Xsskyj Gh co-c-¯n-sebpw A´-cym-an-bmb Bßmhpw B ]c-am-ßmicoc Bßm bx ]qÀÆ-ky. hp- X-s¶-bm- Ip-¶ p. Cu a{´- ¯n hnÚm-\-ßm-hnsâ aln-am-hÀ®-\hpw Xkv a mZzm GX- k v a m- · - t \m- a - b m- Z t\ym´c {_Ò-cq-]t¯m-Sp-Iq-Snb AXnsâ D]m-k-\-bpsS ^ehpw Bßm-h n-Ú m-\ -a-b-k vtX-ss\j ]qÀ®x k hm ]d-bp-¶p. hnÚm-\-cq-]amb AXm-bXv _p²n-tbm-Sp-IqSn Gj ]pcpj hn[ Gh. Xky ]pcp-j-hn-[-b-Xm-aX{Zp-]-amb Pohm-ßm-hp-Xs¶ bÚ-¯nsâ ip`-IÀ½-cq-]\zbw ]pcp-j -hn-[ x. Xky {iss²h incx. EXw amb ]pWy-§sf hnkvXr-X-am-¡p-¶Xpw At\ym-\y-eu-InI Z£nWx ]£x. kXy-ap-¯cx ]£x. tbmK Bßm. IÀ½-§sf A`n-hr-²n-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶Xpw BIp-¶p. AXm-bXv alx ]pÑw {]Xn-jvTm. XZ-t]yj tÇmtIm `h-Xn. Pohm-ßm-hn \n¶p-Xs¶ FÃm IÀ½-§Ä¡pw t{]c-WChnsS hnÚm-\-a-b]p-cp-jsâ AXm-bXv hnÚm-\- e- `n-¡p-¶p. FÃm C{µn- b-§fpw at\m-cq- ]-am-Ip¶ tZh-Xbpw amb ico-c- ¯nsâ A[n-jvTm- Xm- hmb Pohm-ßm-hnsâ hÀ®- kÀÆ- t{i- jT-amb {_Ò- cq-]-¯n Cu hnÚm\ ab Pohmv \m-Ip-¶p. BZyw ]d-ªn-«pÅ at\m-ab ico-c-s¯- ¡mfpw ßm-hn-s\-¯s¶ tkh sN¿p-Ibpw AXm-Xp-I-fpsS {]hrCXp kq£va-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶Xp ImcWw CXnsâ DÅn ¯n-IÄ hgn-bmbn CXn\p kpJw F¯n-¨p-sIm-Sp-¡p-Ibpw hkn-¡p¶ Bßmhv A\y-am-Ip-¶p. hnÚm-\-amb ]pcp- sN¿p-¶p. GsX-¦nepw km[-I³ Cu hnÚm-\cq-]-amb j³ AXm-Ip-¶p. Cu at\m-ab icocw ]qÀ®-am-bn-cn-¡p- Bßm-hn-s\-¯s¶ {_Ò-sa¶p [cn-¡p-Ibpw Cu [mc-W¶p. AXm-bXv Cu at\m-ab ico-c¯n AXp hym]vX- am- bn \n¶pw sX¶n amdm-Xncn¡pIbpw AXm-bXv B [mcbn-cn-¡p-¶p. AXm-bXv Cu at\m-ab ico-c¯n AXp W-bn sXäp-­m-Im-Xn-cn-¡p-Ibpw AYhm ico-cm-Zn-Ifn -

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tPyjv T - a p- ] m- k - t X. hnÚm\w {_Ò tNtZz- Z .

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I ØnX-am-bn-cn-¡p¶ GI-tZ-io-bhpw AXp-t]mse _²-kzcq-] -hp-amb {_Òs¯ sXän-² -c n-¡m-sX-bn-c n-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p¶p F¦n Ah\v At\-I-P-·-§-fn-embn k¼m-Zn¨n-cn-¡p¶ ]m]-k-©-bcq-]-amb ico-cs¯ Dt]-£n-¨n«v FÃm Znhy-t`m- K-§-tfbpw A\p-`-hn-¡p-hm³ Ign-bp-¶p. B hnÚm-\ - a - b -c q-] - ¯ n A´- c ym-a n-b - b m- b n- c n- ¡ p¶ Bßmhv BZyw ]d-ªn-«pÅ A¶-c-k-a-b-Øq-e-i-co-c¯nepw {]mW-a-bcq-]-i-co-c-¯nepw at\m-ab cq] ico-c¯nepw ØnXn-sN-¿p¶ B ]c-{_Ò ]c-ta-iz-c³ Xs¶bm-Ip-¶p.

jjvTm-\ p- h mIw

K

Akt¶h k `h-X n. AkZv {_tÒXn thZ tNXv. AkvXn {_tÒXn tNtZz-Z. k´-ta\w XtXm hnZp-cn-X n.
Cu a{´ - ¯ n {_Ò- ¯ nsâ k¯ sb am\n¡p¶XpsIm­pw am\n- ¡m-Xn-cn-¡p-¶-Xp-sIm­pw Df- hmIp¶ ^ew hnh-cn-¡p-¶p. GsX-¦nepw a\p-jy³ {_Òw Ak-¯m-Ip-¶p, AXm-bXv {_lvatam Cuiz-ct\m Cà F¶p \nÝ-bn-¡p-I-bm-sW- ¦n Ah³ k¯m-c-ln-X-\mbn `hn-¡p¶p; AXm-bXv tkzÑm-Nm-cn-bmbn kZm-Nm-c-¯n \n¶p {`jvS\pw \oN-{]-Ir-Xn-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-h-\p-am-bn-¯o-cp¶p. GsX-¦ nepw a\p- j y³ {_Ò- ¯ nsâ bYmÀ° XXzs¯ {Kln-¡msX {_Ò-ap-s­¶p kwi-b-c-ln-X-ambn hniz-kn-¡p-Ibpw AXm-bXv imkv{X-§-fnepw alm-Úm-\nI-fnepw ZrV-hn-izm-kap-ÅXp ImcWw Ahsâ lrZ-b¯n Cuiz-csâ k¯-bn-t·Â ]qÀ®-hn-izmkw D­mIp-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. F¦n A§-s\-bpÅ a\p-jys\ Úm\n-bmbpw kXv]p-cp-j-\mbpw AwKo-I-cn- ¡p-¶p. F´psIm-s­-¶m ]c-a m-ßm- hn-s\-¡p-dn-¨pÅ XXz-Úm-\¯nsâ BZy-]Sn At±-l-¯nsâ k¯-bn-epÅ hnizm-kwX-s¶- bm-Ip-¶p. ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ k¯-bn hniz-kn-¨p-sIm­n-cn-¡p-sa-¦n GsX-¦nepw Hcp kabw GsX-¦nepw alm]p-cp-jsâ Ir]-bm km[-\-bn apgpIn a\p-jy\v At±ls¯ {]m]n-¡p-hm³ Ignbp-¶p.

XkvamZzm GX-k va m-Zzn-Ú m-\ -a-b m-Zt\ym´c Bßm\µ-a-bx. tXss\j ]qÀ®x. khm Gj ]pcp-j-hn[ Gh. Xky ]pcp-j-hn-[-Xm-a-\zbw ]pcpj-hn-[x. Xky {]nb-t ah incx. tamtZm Z£nWx ]£x. {]tamZ D¯-cx-]-£x. B\µ Bßm. {_Ò ]pÑw {]Xn-jvTm. XZ-t]yj tÇmtIm `h-Xn.
ChnsS B\-µ-a-b\mb ]c-a-]p-cp-js\ hÀ®n-¨n-cn-¡p¶p. BZymw-i-¯n ]d-ªn- cn- ¡p¶ hnÚm-\-a- b- Po-hm- ßmhn \n¶pw `n¶- ambn AXnsâ DÅn hkn-¡ p¶ thsdmcp Bßm-hp­v; B\-µ-a-b]-c-am-ßmhv AXm-Ip-¶p. AXn-t\m-Sp-IqSn Cu hnÚm\ ab-]p-cp-j³ hym]n-¨n-cn-¡p¶p. AXm-bXv AXv CXn¯s¶ ]cn-]qÀ®-am- bn- cn- ¡p-¶p. hmkvX-h-¯n At±-lw-Xs¶ kakvX ]pcp-j-·m-cnepw D¯-a- \m-b- Xp- Im- cWw "]pcpj³' F¶ hm¡ns\ A\zÀ°am- ¡n-bn- cn-¡p-¶p. At±lw hnÚm-\-]p- cp-j-\p-Xpeyw BImc-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-h\pw BIp-¶p. B hnÚm\ ab ]pcp-j\n hym]vX- am-bXp ImcWw At±lw ]pcp-jm-Im-c\mbn ]d-b-s¸-Sp-¶p. ]£n-bpsS cq]-I-¯n B B\-µ-ab ]cta-iz-csâ AwK-§-sf C{]-Imcw hÀ®n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. {]nb`mhw At±-l-¯nsâ inc-Êm-Ip-¶p. B\-µ-a-b-\mb ]c-amßmhv FÃm-hÀ¡pw {]nb-\m-Ip-¶p. FÃm Pohn-Ifpw B\µs¯ t{]an-¡p¶p; FÃm-hcpw B\µw B{K-ln-¡p-¶p. F¶m Adn-ªp-Iq-Sm-¯Xp ImcWw {]m]n-¡p-hm³ Ignbp-¶n-Ã. Cu "{]nb-`mhw' B\-µ-a-b-\mb ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ Hcp {][m-\mw-i-am-Ip-¶p. AXn-\m CXp-Xs¶ At±-l¯nsâ {][m-\mw-K-amb inc-Êm-Ip-¶p. tamZw he-t¯Xpw {]tamZw CS-t¯Xpw Nnd-Ip-Ifm-Ip-¶p. B\-µw-Xs¶ ]camßmhnsâ a[ymw- Khpw AXp-t]mse {_Òw- Xs¶ CXnsâ hmepw B[m-chpw BIp-¶p. ]c-am-ßmhp Ah-bhc-ln-X- \m-bXp ImcWw At±-l-¯nsâ cq]-t¯bpw AwK-§tfbpw bYmÀ°-cq-]-¯n hnh-cn-¡p-hm³ km[n-¡p-¶-XÃ. Cu {]I-c-W-¯n hnÚm-\-a-b-¯n-\À°w Pohm-ßmsh¶pw B\-µ-a-b-¯n-\À°w ]c-am-ßmsh¶pw AwKo-Icn-¡-Ww. ASp¯ A\p-hm-I¯nse a{´-§Ä Cu B\-µ-a-b-]c-am-ßm-hnsâ hnj-bs¯ hÀ®n-¡p-¶-hbm-Ip-¶p. -

Xsskyj Gh imcoc Bßmx b ]qÀh-ky.
ChnsS ap³hÀ®-a-\p-k-cn¨v B\-µa-bsâ A´-cmßmhv kzbw B\-µ-a-b-s\¶p ]d-b-s¸-Sp-¶p. At±lw B B\-µ-ab {_Ò-¯nsâ kzbw-i-co-c-hÀ¯n- bmb A´- cmßm-hm-Ip-¶p. F´p-sIm-s­-¶m At±-l-¯n ico-c¯n\pw ssNX-\ y-¯ n\pw bmsXmcp hyXym-k -h p-anà bmsXm¶v t\ct¯ ]d-ªn- cp¶ A¶-c- k-a- bmZn FÃm- ¯ntâbpw A´-c ym-a n-b mb ]c- a m-ß m-h m-b n-c n-¡ p-¶ pth At±lw kzbw Xtâ-Xs¶ A´-cym-an-bm-Ip¶p; At±-l¯nsâ A´-c yman aäm-c p-a m-I p-¶ n-à . CXn-\ m aäp bmsXm¶pw ]d- bmsX B hÀ®-\m- ]-c-¼-csb Chn- sS- ¯s¶ Ah- km-\n-¸n- ¡p-¶ p. kw_Ôw þ apI-fn ]d-ª n-c n-¡ p¶ Awi-¯ n {_Òs¯ "AkXv' F¶pw "kXv' F¶pw am\n- ¡p- ¶- Xp- sIm­pÅ ^ew ]d-ªp-I-gn-ªn-cn-¡p-¶p, AXns\ {ihn¨ Hmtcm a\p-jytâbpw a\-Ên bmsXmcp {]iv\w DZn¡p¶pthm B {]iv\s¯ \nÀ®-bn-¨n«v B {_Ò-¯nsâ k¯-bpsS {]Xn-]m-Z\w \S-¯p-¶-Xn-\p-th­n {ipXn kzbam-bn-¯s¶ {]iv\w Ah-X-cn-¸n-¡p-¶p.

AYmtXm\p {]iv\mx. DXm-hn-Zzm-\apw temIw t{]Xy-I-Ý \ KÑ-Xo. Btlm hnZzm-\ apw temIw t{]Xy-I -Ý n-Õ-a-i v\p-X m-D .

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C\n ChnsS \n¶pw D]-tNm-Zy-§Ä Bcw-`n-¡p-¶p. AXn BZy {]iv\w Fs´-¶m {_Òw Ds­¦n AXns\ Adn-bm¯ Bsc-¦nepw acn¨p ]c-tem-I-¯n t]mIp-¶pt­m CÃtbm? c­m-as¯ {]iv\w {_Òs¯ Adn-bp¶ GsX-¦nepw Úm\n ac-Wm-\´cw ]c-temIw {]m]n-¡p-¶pt­m CÃtbm? B hnZzm-·mcpw {]m]n-¡p-¶nÃ. AXn-\m Cu aq¶m-as¯ {]iv\w hnZzm-·mÀ (Úm-\nIÄ) {_Òs¯ A\p-`hn-¡p-¶pt­m CÃtbm? Ch-bpsS adp- ]-Sn-bmbn {_Òs¯ krjvSn-bpsS Imc- W-ambn ]d-ªpsIm­v AXnsâ k¯-sb, BkvXn-Iy-s¯, hyà-am-¡p¶p. ]ns¶ "XXvkXyw CXym-N£-tX...' Cu hmIy-Zmcm {ipXn kv]jvS-kz-cq-]-¯n At±- l-¯nsâ k¯sb {]Xn]m-Zn-¡p-¶p. Ggmw A\p-hm-Iy-¯n H¶p-IqSn kv]jvSamb hN-\§Ä e`n-¡p¶p þ "tIm tlyhm-\yX? Ix {]mWymXv? btZj BImi B\t\m \ kymXv.' AXm-bXv CXv BIm-i-a-b-\mb ]c-am-ßm-hm- bn-cn-¡p- ¶n-sÃ-¦n Bcp Pohn- ¡p¶p? BÀ¡p {]hÀ¯n-¡p-hm³ Ignbp¶p? AXmbXv Pohn-I-fpsS {]mW\pw Ne-\hpw ]c-am-ßm-hns\ B{ibn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. c­m-as¯ {]iv\-¯n-\p-¯-c-ambn Ggmw A\p-hm-Iy-¯n C¡mcyw hyàm-¡n-bn-cn-¡p-¶p, a\pjy³ ]c-am-ßm-hns\ ]qÀ®-ambn Adn-bm-Xn-cn-¡p-¶pthm At±-ls¯ Aev]-X-am-{X-am- bn-t¸mepw kwi-bn-¡p-¶pthm AXp-hsc Ah³ P\-\-a-c-W-§-fnÂ\n¶pw tamNn-¡-s¸-Sp¶n-Ã. aq¶m-as¯ {]iv\-¯n- \p-¯-c-ambn F«mw A\p-hmI-¯nsâ D]-kw-lm-c-¯n {ipXn kzbw ]d-bp¶p: þ "k b Ghw hnXv... B\-µ-a-b-am-ßm-\-ap-]-kw-{Im-aXn' AXm-bXv "bmsXm-cp-¯³ C{]-Imcw ]c-am-ßm-hns\ Adn-bp-¶p-thm Ah³ {Ia-ambn A¶-a-bw, {]mW-abw BZn-bm-b-hsb {]m]n-¨p-sIm­v Ah-km\w B\-µ-a-b-\mb ]ctaizcs\ {]m]n-¡p-¶p.' kw_-Ô w þ Cu {]iv\-§-fpsS D¯-c-ambn {ipXn {_Ò¯nsâ kzcq-]hpw iànbpw hÀ®n-¨n«v BZys¯ A\phm-I-¯n bmsXm¶v kwt£-]ambn krjvSn-bpsS DÛ{I-as¯ hnh-cn-¨pthm AXn-t\bpw hni-Z-ambn {Kln-¸n-¡p¶p.

tIÄ¡p-¶Xpw Bb FÃm PU-tN-X-\m-ab PK-¯ns\ krjvSn-¨p. AXm-bXv CXnsâ k¦-e]-a-b-amb cq]w \nÀ½nv ¨p. AXn\ptijw kzbw AXn {]th-in- ¨p. X¶nÂ\n¶pw D¸-¶-amb Cu PK-¯n B ]c-ta-iz-c³ apt¼-Xs¶ {]hn-jS- \m-bn-cp-¶p. Cu PK¯v At±-l-¯n-sâ- Xs¶ kzcqv ]-am-bn-cp-¶-t¸mÄ AXn At±lw {]hn-jS-am-I-W-am-bn-cpv ¶n-Ã. F¶n-cp-¶mepw PU-tN-X-\m-a-b-amb PK-¯n Bßkz-cq-]-¯m ]cn-]qÀ®-amb B ]c-{_Ò ]c-ta-iz-csâ hnti-j-kz-cq]w þ At±-l-¯nsâ A´-cym-an-bmb kzcq-]¯nsâ AS- bmfw þ kv]jvS-am-¡p-¶-Xn-\p-th­n "Cu PK¯ns\ krjvSn-¨n«v At±lw AXn kzbw IpSn-sImÅp¶p' F¶pÅ Imcyw ]d-ªn-cn-¡p-¶p. {]hn-jS-am-b-Xnv \p-tijw At±lw aqÀ¯hpw AaqÀ¯-hp-amb cq]-¯n AXm-bXv ImW-s¸-Sp¶ ]rYzn, Pew, tXPÊv F¶o `qX§-fpsS cq]- ¯nepw AXp-t]mse hmbp, BImiw C§s\ ImW-s¸-Sm¯ `qX-§-fpsS cq]-¯nepw {]Xy-£-s¸-«p. ]n¶oSp hÀ®n-¡-s¸-Sp-hm³ Ign-bp¶ hn[-¯nepw hÀ®n¡-s¸- Sp-hm³ Ign-bm-¯-hn-[-¯nepw hnhn[ hkvXp-¡-fmbn cq]m-´-c-s¸-«p. CXp-t]m-se-Xs¶ B{ibw \evIp-¶Xpw \ÂI-s¸-Sm-¯-Xp-ambn þ tNX-\bpw PUhpw þ C§s\ FÃm cq]-¯nepw GI- \mb kXy- kz-cq] ]c- ta- iz-c³ Xs¶ ]e \ma-§-tfbpw cq]-§-tfbpw kzoI-cn¨p {]Xy-£-am-bn. B GI-\mb ]c-am-ßm-hp-Xs¶ \·bpw Xn·bpw Bb FÃm cq]-¯n- ep-am-bn-¯oÀ¶p. AXp-Im-cWw PvRm\n-IÄ ]d-bp¶p "Cu ImWp-Ibpw tIÄ¡p-Ibpw {Kln-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p¶ FÃm-¯nepw kXy- kz-cq-]-\mb ]c- am-ßm-hp-Xs¶ ØnXn-sN-¿p¶p' F¶v.

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k]vX - am-\ p- h mIw
AkZzm CZ-a{K Bko-Xv. XtXm ssh kZ-Pm-bX. XZm-ß m\w kzb-a-Ip-c p-X . Xkvam-¯-Õp-Ir-X ap-NyX CXn.
kq£va-Øq-e-cq]§fn {]I-S-am-Ip-¶-Xn\p ap¼v Cu PU-tN-X-\m-a-bamb PK¯v AkXv AXm-bXv Ahy-à-cq]-¯n Bbn-cp-¶p, B Ahy-àm-h-Ø -bn \n¶p-Xs¶ kXv AXm-bXv \ma-cq-]a-bhpw PU-tN-X-\m-ß-Ihp-amb {]Xy£ PK¯v DÛ- hn- ¨p. ]c-am- ßmhv Xs¶-¯s¶ kzbw Cu PU-tN-X-\m-ß-Iamb PK-¯nsâ cq]-¯n B¡n-bncn-¡p-¶p. AXn-\m At±-l¯nsâ \maw "kpIrXw' (X¶-¯ms\ D­m-b-Xv) F¶m-bn-¯oÀ¶p.

tkmIma-b-X. _lp kymw {]Pm-tb-tb-Xn. k X t]mX]y-X. k X]-kvXz]vXm CZw kÀh-a-krPX bZnZw InwN. XXvkrjvSzm XtZ-hm-\p-{]m-hn-iXv. XZ-\p-{]-hniy k¨ Xy¨m-`hXv. \ncpàw Nm\ncp-à w. N. \ne-b\w Nm\n-e-b-\w N. hnÚm\w Nmhn-Úm\w N. kXyw Nm\rXw N kXy-a-`h-Xv. bZnZw Iow N. XÕ-Xy-anXym N£-tX. XZ-t]yj tÇmtIm `h-Xn.

Rm³ \m\m cq]- ¯ n P\n¨p hf- s c- b - [ n- I ambn¯ocpw F¶v Bcw-`-¯n ]c-{_-Ò-]-c- ta-iz-c³ hnNmap³]-dª hÀ®-\-¯n "kpIrX' \ma-¯n ]d-bcn- ¨n-cp-¶p. Cu hnNm- c-t¯m-Sp- IqSn At±lw X]-Êp-sN-bvXp. s¸« B ]c- {_Ò ]c- am-ßmhv hmkvX- h- ¯n ck-kz- cq]³ AXm-bXv Pohn-IfpsS IÀ½-a-\p-k-cn¨v krjvSn \S-¯-Wsa¶pw k¦-ev]n-¨p. C{]-Imcw k¦-ev]n¨v C¡m-Wp-¶Xpw (B-\-µa-b³) BIp-¶p. Ct±-lw-Xs¶ hmkvX-hn-I-amb

bssZz XÕp-IrXw ctkm ssh kx. ckw-tlhmbw e_v[zm\µo `h-Xn. tIm tlyhm-\ym-ßIx {]mWymZv btZj BImi B\tµm \ kymXv. Gj tly hm\-µbm-Xn. -

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I B\µw

BIp-¶p. F´p-sIm-s­-¶m A\m-Zn-Imew apX P\-\-a-c-W-§-fm-Ip¶ tLmc-Zpx-J-§sf A\p-`-hn-¨ph-cp¶ Cu Pohm-ßmhv Cu ck-ab {_Òs¯ {]m]n-¨pXs¶ B\- µ-bp-à-am-bn- ¯o-cp-¶p. Cu ]c-am-\-\-µ- a-b-\mb ]c-ta- iz-c-t\mSv CXnsâ kwtbmKw \S-¡m-Xn- cn-¡p- ¶- Xp-hsc CXn\p bmsXmcp hn[-¯nepw ]qÀ®m-\-µw, \nXym-\-µw, AJ-WvUm-\-µw, A\-´m-\µw Ch {]m]n-¡p-hm³ km[n¡p-¶n- Ã. CXp-sIm-­p-Xs¶ B hmkvX-hnI B\-µ- kz-cq] ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ AkvXn-Xzs¯ ktµ-lc-ln-X-ambn {Kln¡p-hm³ Ign-bp¶p; F´p-sIm-s­- ¶m Ct±lw BImi-t¯-t¸mse hym]-I- \mb B\-µ-]-c-a m-ßm-hm-Ip-¶n-sæn BÀ¡v Pohn-¡p-hm³ Ign-bp¶p; GXp {]mW\p Nen¡p-hm³ Ign-bp-¶p. am{X-aà AJn-e-¯ntâbpw PohnXw \nÀÆ-ln-¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ FÃm hyh-Ø Ifpw sNbvXn-cn-¡p¶Xv At±lw Xs¶-bm-Ip-¶p. IqSm-sX, Cu PK-¯nsâ FÃm `uXn-I-{In-b-Ifpw \nb-an-Xhpw hyh-Øn-X-hp-amb coXn- bn \S-¡p- ¶Xv F§s\ km[n- ¡p¶p? AXn- \m a\pjyÀ CXv ZrV-X- tbm-Sp-IqSn hniz-kn-¡-Ww. Cu PK-¯n\v {kjvSmhpw c£n-Xm-hp-ambn ]c-{_-Ò]-c-ta-iz-c³ \nÝbambpw thWw. AXp-t]mse ktµ-i-cln-X-ambn Cu ]c{_Ò ]c-am-ßmhv FÃm-hÀ¡pw B\µw {]Zm-\w-sN-¿p-¶p. B\- µ-kz-cq-]\pw GI-a m-{X-\p-amb ]c-am-ßm-hp-Å-t¸mÄ aämÀ¡v B\µw {]Zm\w sN¿p-hm³ Ignbpw?

hn ]qÀ®-ØnXn {]m]n-¡m¯ kabw hsc, `K-hms\ \nc-´cw kvacn-¡m-Xn-cn-¡p-¶-Xp-hsc Cu ]p\ÀÖ-·-`bw þ P\-\-a-c-W-`bw þ FÃm-hÀ¡p-ap-­m-Ipw. Hcp-h³ henb hnZzmt\m imkv{X-Út\m kzbw henb Úm\nsbm ]WvUn-Xt\m BIp-¶n-Ã. F´p-sIm-s­-¶m B ]c-taiz-c³ FÃm-h-cpsS taepw `cWw \S-¯p¶p; At±-l¯nsâ `c-W-i-àn-sIm­p temI-¯nse FÃm hyh-ØIfpw \nb-an-X-cq-]¯n Nen-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. -

K

AjvT-am-\ p-h mIw
kw_Ôw þ Ignª A\p-hm-I-¯n ]d-ªn-«pÅ a{´§-fpsS e£ys¯ DtÃ- J\w sN¿p-¶p.

`ojm-k vam-ZzmXx ]h-t X. `otjm-t ZXn kqcyx `ojm- k v am-Z -á n-t Ý- {µ-Ý . arXypÀ[m- h Xn ]©a CXn.

Cu ]c-{_Ò ]c-ta-iz-c-t\m-SpÅ `bw-sIm­p ]h-\³ \nb-a m-\p-k-cWw Nen-¡p-¶p. At±-l-t¯m-SpÅ `bwsIm­p kqcy³ IrXy-k-a-b¯p DZn-¡p-Ibpw IrXy-kab¯v AkvX-an-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. AXp-t]mse At±-lt¯m-SpÅ `bw-sIm­v Aán, C{µ³, A©m-as¯ arXyp þ Ch-sbÃmw Ah-c-hcpsS Imcy-§Ä \nb-a-]qÀÆw kphyh-Øn-Xambn sNbvXp-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. Ch-bp-sS-sbÃmw bZm-tly-s shj GX- k va n-¶ Zrtiy\mtßy hyh-Ø-IÄ sN¿p-¶-Xmbn Ch-bvs¡Ãmw t{]c-I-ambn \ncptà\ne-bt\`bw {]XnjvTmw hnµ-tX. AY Bsc¦nep-an-sÃ-¦n Cu PK-¯nsâ Imcy-§Ä F§s\ tkm`bw KtXm-`h-Xn. \S-¡pw. Ch-sbÃmw krjvSn-¨-h\pw FÃm-t¯bpw bYmB ]c-{_Ò ]c-ta-iz-cs\ {]m]n-¡p- ¶-Xn-\-`n-e-jn-¡p-¶- tbmKyw \nb-aa\pk-cn¨v sh¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡ p-¶-h-\p-amb hÀ Hcn-¡epw ImW-s¸-Sm-¯, hnh-cn-¡p-hm³ km²yaÃm- GtXm Hcp kXy-Úm-\m-\-µ-kz-cq-]-]-c-{_-Ò, ]c-am-ßmhv ¯, Bscbpw B{ibn-¡m-¯, ico-c-c-ln-X-\mb ]c-{_Ò \nÝ-b-ambpw Ds­¶pw At±-ls¯ a\p-jy\p \nÝ-b]c-am-ßm-hn \nÀ`b (A-hn-N-e) ØnXn-{]m-]n-¡p-¶p. B ambpw {]m]n-¡p-hm³ Ign-bp-sa¶pw CXnÂ\n¶pw kv]jvSkabw Ah³ \nÀ`-b-]-Zs¯ {]m]n-¡p-¶p. Fs¶-t¶-¡p- am-Ip-¶p. ambn `b-¯nÂ\n¶pw timI-¯n \n¶pw apà-cm-bn-¯o- kw_Ôw þ B\-µ-kz-cq-]-\mb B ]c-{_-Ò]-c-am-ßmcp-¶p. hnsâ Cu B\µw F{X-bp-­v, F§-s\-bp­v? Cu B{K-

bZm tlysshj GX-kvan-¶p-Z-c-a-´cw Ipcp-tX. AY Xky `bw `h-Xn. Xt¯zh `bw hnZptjm a\zm-\-ky. XZ-t]yj tÇmtIm `h-Xn.
Cu Pohm-ßmhv B ]c-{_Ò ]c-am-ßm-hn \n¶pw Aev]-amb A´-c-t¯m-Sp-IqSn Ft¸mÄ apX hkn-¡p¶pthm AXm-bXv At±-l-¯n ]qÀ®-ØnXn {]m]n-¡mXn-cn-¡p-Ibpw At±-ls¯ \nc-´cw kvacn-¡m-Xn-cn-¡pIbpw At±-ls¯ Aev]-t\-c-t¯-bv¡p-am-{X-sa-¦nepw ad¶p-t]m-Ip-Ibpw sN¿p-¶pthm AXp-hsc Ahs\ kw_Ôn-¨n-S-t¯mfw `bw AXm-bXv Ahsâ ]p\ÀP·w XoÀ¨bmbpw D­m-Ipw. F´p-sIm-s­-¶m Ah³ ]c-am-ßmhn ØnX-\m-Im-Xn-cn-¡p-Ibpw Ah³ `K-hms\ ad¶p Pohn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-t¼mÄ Ahsâ acWw kw`-hn-¡p-Ibm-sW-¦n ]ns¶ Ahsâ A´n-a-kw-kvIm-ca-\p-k-cn¨pÅ P\\w D­m-Ip-sa-¶p-ÅXp \nÝ-b-am-W.v ]c-am-ßm-

l-\n-hr-¯n¡v B\-µhn-j-b-Iamb Nn´ Bcw-`n-¡p¶p þ -

sskjm\µky aoamwkm `hXn. bphm kymÕm-[ p-bp-hm-[ ym-b I BinjvtTm {ZVnjv tTm _en-j v T-k vX -tkybw ]rYnho kÀhm hn¯ky ]qÀ®m kymXv. k GtIm-am-\pj B\-µx.
Cu hÀ®-\-bn B B\-µ¯nsâ NÀ¨-bm-cw-`n-¡p¶-Xn-\pÅ kqN\ \ÂIn-bn«v kÀÆ-{]-Y-a-ambn a\p-jy-temI-¯nsâ t`mK-§-fnÂ\n¶pw e`n-¡p-hm³ km²y-X-bpÅ Gähpw D¶-X-amb B\-µs¯ hn`mh\w sN¿p-¶p. Hcp bphm-h mb a\p-jy³, AXpw A-§-s \-bn-§-s\-b pÅ km[m-cW bphm-hm-cn-¡p-¶n-Ã. þ kZm-Nm-cnbpw kÂkz-`mhnbpw D¶-X-Ip-e¯ne P\n-¨h\p-am-bn-cn-¡-s«, Ah³ - FÃm thZ-§-fp-tSbpw hnZy e`n-¨n-«p-Å-h\pw AXp-t]mse in£-W-¯n þ {_Ò-Nm-cn- IÄ¡v D]-tZiw \ÂIp-¶- Xn þ Ipi-e\pw Bbn-cn-¡-s«, Ah-sâ FÃm AwK-§fpw

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I C\v{Zn-b-§fpw tcmK-c-ln-X-§fpw Ign-hp-äXpw kpZr-Vhpw

cp-¯\v AXnsâ Bh-iy-I-X-bn-Ãm-Xn-cn-¡p-¶pthm B FÃm {]Im- ¯nepw iàn- k-¼-¶-hp-am-bn- cn- ¡- s«. ]ns¶ [\- t{im{Xn-b\v þ thZ-c-lkyw {Kln-¨n-«pÅ hnc-à\v þ B k-¼-¯m \nd-bs¸« Cu ]qÀ®-amb PK¯v Ahsâ B\µw kzm`m-hn-I-ambpw e`n-¡p-¶p. A[o-\-¯n- em-hp-Ibpw BsW-¦n B a\p-jysâ kpJw tX tb iXw ]nXrWmw Nnc-tem-I-tem-I m\m Gähpw hep-Xm-Ip-¶p. CXp am\-h-tem-I-¯nsâ Gähpw am\-µmx. k GI B Pm\-Pm\mw tZhm-\m-am-\-µx. henb B\-µam-Ip-¶p. -

K

t{im{Xnb ky NmIm-a-l-X-ky.

Cu hÀ®-\-bn Nnc-Øm-bn-bmb temI-¯n hkn¡p¶ Znhy-·m-cmb ]nXr-¡-fpsS B\-µs¯ At]-£n¨v "BPm-\P' F¶ t]cn- e- dn- b-s¸- Sp¶ tZh- ·m- cpsS B\- µs¯ a\pjy tbm\n-bn D¯-a-IÀ½- §-f-\p-jTn¨v KÔÀÆ- \qdn-c-«n-bmbn ]d-ªn-cn-¡p-¶p. apI-fn hÀ®n-¨n-cn-¡p¶ v `m-hs¯ {]m]n-¨-hs\ ""a\p- jy-K-ÔÀƳ'' F¶p ]d- bp-¶p. Nnc-Øm-bn-bmb temI-¯n hkn-¡p¶ ]nXr-¡-fpsS ChnsS Chsâ B\µw apI-fn ]d-ªn-cn-¡p¶ a\p- B\µw \qsd®w H¶n-¨p- Iq-Sp¶ A{Xbpw "BPm-\P' F¶ jysâ B\-µt¯-¡ mÄ \qdn-c-«n-sb¶p ]d-b-s¸-Sp-¶p. tZh-·m-cpsS B\-µ-¯n\v hnIm-k-ap-­m-Ip-¶p. tZh-tem-IbmsXmcp a\p-jy-kw-_- Ôn-bmb B\-µs¯ BZyw hÀ®n- ¯se Hcp {]tXyI Øm\-¯nsâ \ma-amWv "BPm-\-P.' ¨pthm A§s\ Hcp \qsd®w H¶n¨p IqSp¶ Iq«s¯ Ahn-Sps¯ tZh-IÄ kvarXn-I-fn {]Xn-]m-Zn-¡-s¸-«n-cna\p- jy-K-ÔÀÆsâ B\- µ- t¯mSv Xpey-s¸- Sp-¯mw. F¶m ¡p¶ GtXm ]pWy-IÀ½-§Ä ImcWw AhnsS krjvSnBZyw ]dª a\p-jy-tem-I¯nsâ t`mK-§Ä apX ¡-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶p. Ahsc BPm-\-P-·mÀ F¶p ]d-bp-¶p. KÔÀÆ-tem-I-¯nsâ t`mK-§Ä hsc-bpÅ Zpjn¨ B{K- bmsXm-cp-¯³ Cu temIw-h-sc- bpÅ t`mK§fn Bkl-§-fnÂ\n¶p hnc-à-amWv t{im{Xn-b³ AYhm thZ- à-\m-Im-sX-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm AXm-bXv bmsXm-cp-¯³ Cu Ú³. B t{im{Xn-b\v þ thZ-Ú-]p-cp-j-\,v kzm`m-hn-Iam- B\-µs¯ XpÑ-am-bn-¡-cpXn AXn-t\mSv hnc-à-\m-bn-cn-¡p¶pthm B thZ-Úm-\n-bmb hnc-às\ kw_-Ôn-¨n-Sbn-¯s¶ B\µw e`n-¡p-¶p. t¯mfw B B\µw kz`m-h-kn-²-am-Ip-¶p.

tX tb iXw am\pjm B\-µ mx. k GtIm a\pjy KÔÀÆm-Wm-am-\-µ x. t{im{Xn-bky NmIma-l -X -k y.

tX tb iXw a\p-jy-K-ÔÀhm-Wm-am-\-µmx. k GtIm tZh- K - Ô Àhm- W m- a m- \ µx t{im{Xn- b ky NmIm-a-l -X -ky.

Cu hÀ®- \ - b n BZyw ]d- ª n- « pÅ a\pjy KÔÀÆs\ At]-£n¨v tZh-K-ÔÀÆsâ B\-µs¯ \qdnc«n F¶p ]d-ªn-cn-¡p-¶p. bmsXmcp a\p-jy-K-ÔÀÆsâ B\-µs¯ apI-fn hÀ®n-¨ n-c n-¡p-¶pthm A§s\ \qsd®w H¶n-¨p-Iq-Sp¶ B\-µ-¯n\p Xpey-amWv krjvSnbpsS Bcw`w apXepÅ tZh-Pm-Xob KÔÀÆ-cq-]¯n P\n-¨n-«pÅ Hcp Pohn-¡p-Å-Xv. AXp-t]mse bmsXmcp a\pjy³ Cu B\-µm- `n- em- j-¯m tamln- X-\m-bn- cn- ¡p- ¶pthm AXm-bXv bmsXm-cp-¯\v CXnsâ Bhiyw CÃm-Xn-cn-¡p¶pthm bmsXm-cp-¯³ thZ-§- fnse D]-tZ-i-§sf lrZ- bwK- a-ambn kzoI- cn-¨n-cn-¡p- ¶pthm A§-s\- bpÅ hnZzm\v Cu B\µw kzm`m-hn-I-ambn e`n-¡p-¶p.

tX tb iX-am-Pm-\-Pm\mw tZhmx \mam-\-µmx. k GI IÀ½ tZhm\mw tZhm- \ m- a m- \ - µ x. tb IÀ½Wm tZhm-\-]n-b-´n. t{im-{Xn-bky NmIm-a-lX-k y.
Cu hÀ®-\-bn BPm-\-P-tZ-h-·m-cpsS B\-µt¯¡mÄ IÀ½-tZ-h-XIfpsS B\-µs¯ \qdn-c- «n-bmbn ]d-ªncn- ¡p-¶p. apIfn hÀ®n-¨n- cn-¡p¶ BPm-\-P-tZ-h-XIfpsS B\-µ-s¯-¡mÄ \qdn-c«n aln-atbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-XmWv thtZmà-§-fmb IÀ½- §Ä hgn a\p-jy-tbm-\n-bn \n¶pw tZh`mhw {]m]n- ¨n-«pÅ B IÀ½- tZ-h- XIfpsS B\-µw. bmsXmcp-¯³ B IÀ½- tZ-h-X-I-Ä hsc-bpÅ B\-µs¯ A`n-ejn-¡m-sX-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm AXm-bXv bmsXm-cp-¯\v tZhtemIw hsc-bpÅ t`mK-§Ä Bhiyan-Ãm-Xn-cn-¡p-¶pthm thZ-c-l-kys¯ {Kln-¨n-«pÅ B hnc-à-]p-cp-js\ kw_Ôn-¨n-S-t¯mfw B B\µw P·-kn-²-am-Ip-¶p.

tX tb iXw tZh-K-ÔÀÆm-Wm-am-\µmx k GIx ]nXrWmw Nnc-tem-I-tem-Im-\m-am-\-µx. t{im{Xn-bky NmIm-a-l -X -ky.
Cu hÀ®-\-bn tZh-K-ÔÀÆ-·m-cpsS B\-µs¯ At]-£ n¨p Nnc-Øm-bn-bmb ]nXr-tem-Is¯ {]m]n¨p Znhy-·m- cmb ]nXr-¡-fpsS B\-µs¯ \qdn- c- «n-bmbn ]d-ªncn-¡p-¶p. apI-fn hÀ®n-¨n-cn-¡p¶ tZh-K-ÔÀÆ-·m-cpsS B\-µ-¯nsâ \qdn-c-«n-bm-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. Nnc-Øm-bn-bmb ]nXr-tem-I-¯se Znhy-·m-cmb ]nXr-¡-fpsS B\-µ-¯nsâ cq]w. AXp-t]mse bmsXm-cp-¯³ B temI-¯nsâ A`nem- j-¯m tamln-X-\m- Im-Xn-cn-¡p- ¶pthm AXm-bXv bmsXm-

tX tb iXw IÀ½-tZ-h\mw tZhm-\ m-am-\-µ mx. k GtIm tZh-\m-am-\-µx. t{im{Xn-bky NmIm-a-lX-k y.
Cu hÀ®-\-bn IÀ½- tZ-hs\ At]-£n¨v krjvSn-Ime-¯ n Ømbo-`m-ht¯m-Sp-IqSn krjvSn-¡-s¸-«n-«p-Å-hcpsS, kzm`m-hn-I-amb tZh`mh-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-h-cp-sS, B\µs¯ \qdn-c- «n-bmbn ]d- bp-¶p. apIfn hÀ®n-¡- s¸-«n«pÅ IÀ½-tZ-h-·m-cpsS B\-µ-t¯-¡mÄ \qdp-aS§mWv kz`m-hkn-²-cmb tZh-X-IfpsS B\-µw. bmsXm-cp-¯³ kz`mh kn²-cmb tZh-XIfpsS t`mKm-\-µs¯ B{K- ln-¡m-Xn-cn-¡p-

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I ¶pthm AXm-bXv bmsXm-cp-¯³ AXn-s\bpw teiw-

Gä-hp-am-Zy-am-bp-Û-hn¨ lnc-Wy-KÀ`-{_-Òm-hnsâ Hcm-\-µw. t]mepw A`n-e-jn- ¡m- Xn-cn- ¡p-¶p- thm, thZ- c- l- kys¯ {Kln- AXp-t]mse bmsXmcp a\p-jy³ B {_Òm-hnsâ ]Z¨n- «pÅ B \njv¡ma hnc-às\ kw_-Ôn- ¨n-S-t¯mfw B ¯nÂ\n¶pw e`y-am-Im-hp¶ t`mK-kp-J-§-fpsS B{K-l-anB\µw P·-kn-²-am-Ip¶p. Ãm- ¯- h- \m-bn- cn-¡p- ¶pthm bmsXm- cp-¯³ Ah A\n-Xyhpw XpÑhpw F¶p IcpXn AXn-t\mSp hnc-à-\m-bn-¯o-cptX tb iXw tZhm-\ m-am-\-µmx. k GI C{µ¶pthm bmsXm- cp-¯\v ]c-am- \-µ- kz-cq-]-\mb ]c-{_- Òs¯ kym-\-µx. t{im{Xn-bky NmIm-a-l-X -ky. {]m]n-¡p-¶-Xn\v DXv¡-S-amb A`nemjw D­m-Ip-¶pthm Cu hÀ®-\-bn ap³]-dª kz`mh kn²-cmb tZh- thZ-c-l-kys¯ {Kln-¨n-«pÅ B hnc-à-]p-cp-j\v B X-I-fpsS B\-µ¯nsâ \qdn-c«n-bmWv C{µsâ B\µw B\µw kzXx-kn-²-am-Wv. F¶p ]d-b-s¸-Sp-¶p. apI-fn hnh-cn-¨n-cn-¡p¶ tZh-X-IC{]-Imcw H¶n-\p-ta asäm-¶m-bn-«pÅ B\-µ-¯nsâ fpsS B\µw A§s\ \qsd®w H¶n-¨p-Iq-Sn-bm DÅn-SB[n-Iys¯ hÀ®n¨p hÀ®n¨v Gähpw D]-cn-bmb lnct¯m-f-amWv C{µ-`m-hs¯ {]m]n-¨n-«pÅ tZh-X-I-fpsS HcmWy-KÀ`-¯nsâ B\-µs¯ hnh-cn-¨p-sIm­v Cu temI\-µw. bmsXm-cp-¯³ Cu C{µ-t`m-Km-\-µs¯ B{K-ln-¡m¯n GsXÃmw B\-µ-§Ä ZÀin-¡p-¶-Xn\pw {ihn-¡pXn-cn-¡p-¶pthm AXm-bXv bmsXm-cp-¯³ Cu C{µ-kp-J¶-Xn\pw Bkz-Zn-¡p-¶-Xn-\p-am-bn-«pt­m Ah F{X-am{Xw t¯-t¸mepw Imw£n- ¡m-Xn-cn-¡p-¶p-thmþ AXns\ XpÑ-amta·-tb-dn-b-Xm-bn-cn-¡-s«, Ah-sb-Ãmw-X-s¶, B ]qÀ®m-\bn-¡-cpXn AXn-t\mSv hnc-à-\m-bn-¯o-cp-¶pthm þ thZ-cµ- kz- cq- ]-\mb ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ B\- µ-t¯mSp Xpe\w sN¿pl-kys¯ {Kln-¨n-«pÅ B \njvIm-a-]p-cp-j\m-Is« B t¼mÄ tIhew XpÑ-am-sW¶ `mhw kv]jvS-am-Ip-¶p. B\µw kzXx-kn-²-am-Wv.

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tX tb iX-an-{µ-kym-\ -µ mx. k GtIm _rlkv]-tX-cm-\-µ x. t{im{Xn-bky NmIm-a-l-Xky. Cu hÀ®-\-bn C{µsâ B\-µs¯-¡mÄ \qdn-c«nbmWp _rl-kv]-Xn-bpsS B\µw F¶p ]d-bp-¶p. apIfn hÀ®n-¨n-cn-¡p¶ C{µsâ B\µw \qsd®w H¶n¨pIq-Sp-¶-Xn\p Xpey-amWv _rl-k]-Xn-bpsS ]Z-hnsb {]m]nv ¨n-«pÅ tZh-X-bpsS B\-µw. F¶m bmsXmcp a\p-jy³ _rl-kv]-Xn-bpsS t`mKm-\µ-t¯bpw CÑn-¡m-Xn-cn-¡p¶pthm B t`mKm-\- µ-t¯bpw A\n-Xy-am- b-Xp-Im-cWw XpÑam-bn-¡-cpXn AXn-t\mSp hnc-à-\m-bn-¯o-cp-¶pthm thZ-cl-kys¯ {Kln-¨n-cn-¡p¶ B \njv¡m-a-a-\p-jy\v B B\µw P·- {]m-]vX-am-W.v

kb- Ý mbw ]pcptj bÝm- k m- h m- Z ntXy k GIx. k b Ghw hnZ-kvam-tÃ-mIm-Xvt{]-Xy. GX-a¶-a-b-am-ßm-\-ap-]-kw-{Im-a-Xn. GXw {]mW-a-b-amXv am\-ap-]-kw-{Im-a-Xn. GXw at\m-a-b-am-ßm-\-ap-]-kw{Im-a-X n. GXw hnÚm-\ -a-b-am-ß m-\-ap-]-kw-{Im-aXn. GX-am-\-µ-a-b-am-ßm-\-ap-]-kw-{Im-a-Xn. XZ-t]yj tÇmtIm `h-Xn.

apI-fn ]d-ªn-cn-¡p¶ FÃm B\-µ-§-fp-tSbpw GIam{Xm tI{µw ]c-am-\-µ-kz-cq-]-\mb ]c-{_-Ò]-c-am-ßm-hpX-s¶. AJn-e-¯n-sâbpw A´-cym-an-bm-bn-cn-¡p¶ a\p-jycn ØnXn-sN-¿p¶ ]c-am-ßm-hp-Xs¶ kqcy-\nepw ØnXnsN-¿p-¶p. At±lw FÃm-¯ n-tâbpw A´-cym-an-b mb GI³ Xs¶-bm-Ip-¶p. bmsXm-cp-¯³ C{]-Imcw {Kln-¨ntX tb iXw _rl-k v]-tX-cm-\-µ mx. k GIx cn-¡p-¶pthm ac-Wm-\-´cw Ah³ Cu a\p-jy-i- cocw Dt]{]Pm-]-tX-cm-\-µx. t{im{Xn-bky NmIm-a-l-X-ky. £n¨v ap³hÀ®n-¨n-«pÅ A¶-a-b, {]mW-a-b, at\m-a-b, - Cu hÀ®-\-bn _rl-k]-Xn-bpsS B\-µ-t¯-¡mÄ hnÚm-\-a-b, B\-µa-bamb Bßm-hns\ {]m]n-¡p-¶p. v \qdn-c«n hep-XmWv {]Pm-]- Xn-bpsS B\µw F¶p ]d- bp-¶p. AXm-bXv Ch-b©pw GXm-ßmhpw BcpsS kzcq-]-hp-amapI-fn hÀ®n-¨n-cn-¡p¶ _rl-kv]-Xn-bpsS B\-µ-t¯- Ip- ¶pthm þ B ]c-{_-Ò-]- c-am-ßm-hns\ {]m]n-¡p¶p F¶p t¸mse \qsd®w H¶n¨p IqSp-¶-Xn\p Xpey-amWp {]Pm-]- Xmev]-cyw. BZy-ambn Cu A©n-t\bpw hÀ®n¨ kabw Xn-bpsS Øm\-s¯- ¯p¶ tZh-X-bpsS B\-µw. F¶m AJn-e¯n-tâbpw ico-cm-´ÀhÀ¯n-bmb Bßmhv A´bmsXmcp a\p-jy³ Cu {]Pm-]-Xn-bpsS B\-µs¯ B{K- cym-an-bmb ]c-ta-iz-cs\ ]d-ªn-cp-¶p. XÂ^-e-ambn At±ln-¡m-Xn-cn-¡p-¶pthm AXnÂ\n¶pw hnc-à-\m-bn-¡-gn-bp- l-¯nsâ {]m]vXn-bp-­m-Ip-¶p. At±lw Xs¶ {_Ò-am¶p-thm, thZ-c- l-kys¯ Adn-bp¶ B \njv¡m-a-a-\p-jy- Ip-¶p. CXp a\-Ên-em-¡p-¶-Xn-\p-th­n ChnsS As©-®t¯bpw {Ia-{]-Imcw {]m]n-t¡­ Imcyw ]d-ªn- cn- ¡p-¶p. \m-Is« Cu B\µw kzm`m-hn-I-ambpw {]m]vX-am-Ip-¶p. hmkvX-h- ¯n Cu {Ia-{]-Imcw {]m]n- ¡- W- sa¶p ]d- ªXv tX tb iXw {]Pm-] -tX-c m-\ -µ mx. k GtIm icn-b-Ã. F´p-sIm-s­-¶m A¶-a-b-amb ico-c-s¯-bm{_ÒW B\µx t{im{Xn-bky NmIm-a-l-X-ky. Is« Ah³ t\c-t¯-Xs¶ {]m]n-¨pIgnªn-cn-¡p-¶p. Cu hÀ®-\-bn {]Pm-]-Xn-bpsS B\-µs¯-¡mfpw AXns\ Dt]-£n¨p t]mb-Xn-\p-tijw {]m]n-¡p¶ ^ew lnc-Wy-KÀ`-{_-Òm-hnsâ B\-µs¯ \qdn-c-«n-bmbn hÀ®n- ]c-am-ßm-hp-X-s¶-bm-Ip¶p; ico-c-am-Ip-¶n- Ã. ChnsS A¶¡p-¶p. apI-fn hÀ®n-¨n-cn-¡p¶ {]Pm-]-Xn-bpsS B\-µ- a-bm-Zn-I-fpsS A´-cym-an-bmb ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ {]m]vXn-sbt¯-¡mÄ \qdn-c«n hep-XmWv krjvSn-bpsS Bcw-`-¯n ¸-än-¯s¶ ]d-bp-¶p. Ah-sb-Ãm-¯nepw ]cn-]qÀ®\pw

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I kÀÆ-kz-cq-]\pw AJn-e-¯n-tâbpw Bßmhpw ]c-am-\-µ\h-am-\ p-hmIw

N. A¶w {]mWw N£px t{im{Xw at\m hmN-ankz-cq-]hpw Bb ]c-{_-Òs¯ {]m]n-¡pI F¶p-Å-XmWv Xn. Xw tlmhm- N . btXm hm Cam\n `qXm\n Cu ^e-{ip-Xn-bpsS Xmev]-cyw. ASp¯ A\p-hm-Z-I-¯n Pmbt´ tb\ PmXm\n Poh-´n. bXv {]b-´y-`nCu hnjbw {]Xn-]m-Zn-¡p-¶p. kw-hn-i-´n. XZznPn Úmk-kz. XZv {_tÒ-Xn. k Xt]mX]y-X. k X]-kvX-]vXzm.

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hcp-Wsâ ]p{X- \mbn `rKp F¶ \ma-t¯m- Sp-IqSn {]kn²-\mb Hcp alÀjn D­m-bn- cp-¶p. At±-l-¯nsâ a\-Ên btXm hmtNm \nhÀ¯t´ A{]m]y ]c-am-ß m-hns\ Adn-bp-¶-Xn\pw {]m]n-¡p-¶-Xn-\p-apÅ a\km kl. D¡- S-amb A`n-emjw D­m-bn. At¸mÄ At±lw Xsâ B\µw {_ÒtWm hnZzm³ \ ]nXm-hmb hcp-Wsâ ASp-¡Â sN¶p. At±-l-¯nsâ _nt`Xn IpXÝt\-Xn. ]nXm-hmb hcp-W³ thZ-§sf {Kln-¨n-«p-Åh\pw {_Ò- Úm-\nbpamb alm-]p- cp- j- \m-bn-cp- ¶p. AXn-\m `rKp- hn\v Cu a{´-¯n ]c-{_-Ò-]-c-am-ßm-hnsâ ]c-am-\-µ-kzcq-]s¯ Adn-bp-¶-Xp-sIm-­p-­m-Ip¶ ^f- s¯- ¸än ]d-bp- asämcp BNm-cysâ ASp-¡Â t]mtI­ Bh-iy-an-Ãm-bn¶. a\-ÊpÄs¸sSbpÅ FÃm C{µn-b-§fpw AXns\ {]m]n- cp-¶p. hcp- Wsâ kao]w sN¶v `rKp C{]- Imcw {]mÀ°n¨p ¡msX Ahn-sS-\n¶pw aS-§n-h-cp-¶p. bmsXmcp {_Òm-\- þ "`K- h³, Rm³ {_Òs¯ Adn- bp-hm- \m-{K- ln-¡p¶p; BIµs¯ Adn-bp-¶-Xn\pÅ iàn Cu C{µn-b§Ä¡pw a\- bm Zbhp­mbn A§v {_Ò-XXzw Fs¶ {Kln-¸n-¨mÊn\pw CÃm-Xn-cn- ¡p-¶pthm B ]c- {_- Ò- ]- c-am- ßm- hnsâ B epw. At¸mÄ hcp-W³ `rKp-hn-t\mSp ]dªp þ "{]nbm B\-µs¯ {Kln-¨n-«pÅ Úm\n-I-fmb alm-]p-cp-j-·mÀ A¶w, {]mW³, t\{Xw, t{im{Xw, a\-Êv, hmWn Ch- sbÃmw Hcn-¡epw Btcbpw `b-s¸-Sp-¶n-Ã. AhÀ Ft¸mgpw \nÀ`- Xs¶ {_Ò-¯nsâ D]-e-_v[n-¡pÅ hmXn-ep-I-fm-Ip-¶p. Ch-sb-Ãm-¯nepw {_Ò-¯nsâ k¯ kv^pcn-¨p-sIm-­nb- cm-bn- cn-¡p-¶p. cn-¡p-¶p. ""{]Xy-£-ambn ImW-s¸-Sp¶ FÃm Pohn-Ifpw GXw l hmh \ X]-Xn. Inalw km[p \mI-c- bmsXm-cp-¯-\nÂ\n¶pw DÛ-hn-¨pthm DÛ-hn-¨n«v bmsXmhw. Inalw ]m]-a-I-c-h-a n-Xn. k b Ghw hnZzm- cp-¯sâ kl-tbm-K-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Sn, bmsXm-cp-¯sâ _ew t\tX B ßm\w kv] rWp-tX. Dt` tlysshj {]m]n-¨p-sIm­v Pohn-¡p-¶p-hthm Poh-t\m-]-tbmK IÀ½GtX Bßm\w kv]rWp-tX. b Ghw thZ. CXyp- §Ä \S-¯p-¶-Xn kaÀ°-cm-bn-cn-¡p-Ibpw alm-{]-f-b]-\n-j -X v. Im- e- ¯n bmsXm- cp-¯-\n hnebw {]m]n-¡p- Ibpw sN¿pÚm\nIfmb alm-]p-cp-j-·mÀ¡p bmsXmcp hn[-¯n- ¶pthm At±-ls¯ icn¡v Adn-bp-¶-Xn\v B{K-ln-¡q.'' ep-apÅ timI-§fpw D­m-Ip-¶n-söv Cu hÀ®-\-bn C{Xbpw IqSn ]d-ªp- sIm- Sp-¯p. ""At±lw Xs¶- bm-Ip¶p hyà-am- ¡n-bn-cn-¡p-¶ p. apI-fn ]d-ªn-cn-¡p-¶-X -\p-k- {_Òw'' C{]-Imcw ]nXm-hnsâ D]-tZiw kzoI-cn-¨p-sIm­v cn¨v ]c-am-ßm-hns\ Adn-ªn-cn-¡p¶ hnZzm-·mÀ þ Úm\n- `rKp-ap\n {_Ò- N-cy- t¯bpw ia-Z- amZn \nb-a-§-tfbpw ]menIÄ þ Hcn-¡epw Hcp {]Im-c-¯nepw ""F´p-sIm­p Rm³ ¨p-sIm­pw AXp-t]mse FÃm t`mK-kp-J-§-fnepw XymKt{ijvT IÀ½-§-f-\p-jvTn-¨n-Ã, AsÃ-¦n Rm³ ]m]- IÀ½w ]qÀÆ-I-amb kwb-a-t¯m-Sp-IqSn hkn-¨p-sIm­pw ]nXmF´n\p sNbvXp?'' F¶p Nn´n¨v ZpxJ-a-\p-`hn-¡p-¶n-Ã. hnsâ D]-tZ- i- s¯-¸än Nn´n- ¨p. CXpXs¶bm- bn-cp- ¶p At±v Ahsâ a\-Ên ]pWy-IÀ½-§-fpsS ^e-kz-cq-]-amb l-¯nsâ X]-Ê.v C{]-Imcw X]-a-\p-jTn-¨n«v At±-l-sa-´psNbvXp? C¡mcyw ASp¯ A\p-hm- I-¯n hnh-cn-¡p- ¶p. D¯- a-temI {]m]vXn-¡pÅ B{K- l-an-Ã. ]m]-P-\n- X-amb \cI-s¯-¸-än-bpÅ `bhpw D]-{Z-hn-¡p-¶n-Ã. tem`-¯n \n¶pw `b-P-\n- X-amb k´m-]-¯nÂ\n¶pw Ah³ DbÀ¶p- ZznXo-b m-\ p- h mIw \n¡p-¶p. ap³]dª Úm\n-IÄ Bk-àn-tbm-Sp-IqSn A¶w {_tÒXn hyPm-\m-Xv. A¶m-t²yh JeznsN¿p¶ ]pWyhpw ]m]hpw c­p {]Im-c-§-fn-ep-apÅ am\n `qXm\n Pmb-t´. At¶\ PmXm\n Poh-´n. IÀ½-§sf P\-\-a- cW k´m-]-¯nsâ Imc-W- §Ä F¶p IcpXn cmK-tZz-j-t¯m-Sp-IqSn Ah-bnÂ\n¶pw XnI¨pw hn«- A¶w {]b-´y-`n-kw-hn-i-´o-Xn. XZzn-Úmb ]p\I¶p ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ Nn´-bn hym]r-X-cmbn hkn-¨p- tch hcpWw ]nX-c -ap-] -k -k m-c . A[o-l n-` -K thm {_tÒ-Xn. Xwtlm-hm-N. X]km {_Ò hnPn-ÚmsIm­v Bßm-hnsâ kwc-£Ww \nÀÆ-ln-¡p-¶p.

`rKp- h Ãn
{]Y-am-\p-hmIw
`rKpÀssh hmcp-Wnx, hcpWw ]nX-c-ap-]-kkmc A[nln `Kthm {_tÒ-Xn. Xkvam GXXv t{]mhm-

k-k z. Xt]m-{_-tÒ-X n. k Xt]mX]yX. kX]kv X- ]vXzm.

]nXm-hnsâ D]-tZiw A\p-k-cn¨v A¶wXs¶ {_Òsa¶v `rKp \nÝ-bn-¨p. F´p-s Im-s ­-¶ m ]nXmhp ]dª {_Ò-¯nsâ FÃm e£-W-§fpw A¶-¯n ImW-s¸-Sp-¶p. FÃm Pohn- Ifpw A¶-¯n \n¶pw þ A¶-

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I ¯nsâ ]cn-Wma `qX-amb hocy-¯n \n¶pw þ DÛ-hn-¡p¶p. A¶w-sIm-­p-Xs¶ Ah-bpsS PohnXw kpc-£n-Xambn \ne-\n¡p¶p; ac-Wm-\-´cw A¶-kz-cq-]-amb Cu ]rYzn-bnÂXs¶ {]hn-jvS-am-Ip-¶p. C{]-Imcw \nÝ-bn-¨n«v At±lw ho­pw ]nXm-hmb hcp-Wsâ ASp-¡Â h¶p. h¶n«p Xsâ \nÝ-b-a-\p-k-cn-¨p-Å-sXÃmw At±lw Adnbn-¨ p. ]nXm-hmb hcp-W³ bmsXmcp adp-]-Snbpw ]dªn-Ã. At±lw Nn´n¨p þ ""Ch³ Ct¸mÄ {_Ò-¯nsâ Øqecq-]s¯ am{Xw a\-Ên-em-¡n-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. hmkvX-hnI cq]w hsc Chsâ _p²n-sN-¶n-«n-Ã. AXn-\m Ch\v C\nbpw X]-Êp-sIm­v Ipsd-¡qSn Nn´n-t¡­ Bhiyw D­v. F¶m Ah³ Aev]sa¦nepw a\-Ên-em-¡n-bXp XpÑ-am¡n-¡m-Wn¨v Ahsâ _p²nsb \ncp-Õm-l-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶Xv DNn-X-am-bn-cn-¡-bn-Ã. AXn-\m CXn\p adp-]Sn ]d-bm-Xn-cn¡p-¶-Xm-bn-cn¡pw D¯-aw.'' ]nXm-hn-t\mSp Xm³ ]dª Imcyw AwKo- I-cn-¨p-sIm-­pÅ BÚ e`n- ¡m- ª-Xn-\m `rKp ho­pw A`yÀ°n¨p þ "`K-h³, Rm³ a\-Ên-em-¡nbXp icn-bm-bn-cn-¡p-¶n-sÃ-¦n A§v F\n¡v {_Ò-XXzw icn-bmbn D]-tZ-in-¨p-X-cq.'' At¸mÄ hcp-W³ ]dªp "\o X]-Êp-h-gn-bmbn {_Ò-X-Xzs¯ {Kln-¡p-hm-³ ]cn-{i-an-¡q. Cu X]-Êp-Xs¶ {_Ò kzcq-]-am-Ip-¶p. AXn-\m CXv At±-l-¯nsâ t_m[w \ÂIp-¶-Xn kÀÆYm Ign-hp-ÅXm- bn-cn-¡p- ¶p.' C{]-Imcw ]nXm- hnsâ BÚ e`n-¨n«v `rKpa- lÀjn ho­pw BZy- t¯- t¸mse Xs¶ Xt]m-ab PohnXw \bn-¨p-sIm­v ]nXm-hnÂ\n¶pw BZyw e`y-amb D]-tZiw A\p-k-cn¨v {_Ò-kz-cq-]s¯ \nÝ-bn-¡p-¶-Xn\p Nn´n-¡phm³ XpS-§n. C{]-Imcw X]-Ê-\p-jvTn¨v At±lw F´psNbvXp? C¡mcyw ASp¯ A\p-hm-I-¯n ]d-ªn- cn-¡p¶p.

A¶-{K-lWw \S-¡-s¸-Sm-Xn-cp-¶mÂ, AXp-t]mse A¶ckw ico-c¯nsâ FÃm `mK-§-fnepw F¯n-t¨-cm-Xn-cp¶m bmsXmcp Pohn¡pw Pohn-¨n-cn-¡phm³ km[y-a-Ã. ac-Wm-\-´cw FÃmw {]mW-\nÂXs¶ {]th-in- ¡p-¶p. arXi-co-c-¯Â {]mW³ \ne-\n¡p-¶n-sÃ-¶p-ÅXv {]Xy-£ambn ImW-s¸-Sp-¶p. AXn-\m {]mW³ Xs¶ {_Ò-sa¶p-Å-Xn\v bmsXmcp kwi-b-hp-an-Ã. C{]-Imcw \nÝbw sNbvXp-sIm­v At±lw ho­pw ]nXm-hnsâ ASp-¡Â sN¶p. t\c-t¯-bp-Å- Xp- t]m-se-Xs¶ Xsâ A\p- `h§sf Adn-bn-¨p. ]nXmhv B ka-b¯pw bmsXmcp adp-]-Snbpw sImSp-¯n-Ã. Ch³ ap³]n-e-t¯-¡mÄ Ipsd-¡qSn kq£vaX-bn-se-¯n-bn-cn-¡p¶p; F¶m C\nbpw hf-sc-b-[nIw {Kln-¡p-hm³ InS-¡p-¶p. AXn-\m adp-]Sn sImSp-¡m-Xncp-¶m Ahsâ PnÚm-kbv¡v H¶p-IqSn _e-ap-­m-Ipw. AXp-sIm­p adp-]Sn ]d-bm-Xn-cn-¡p-¶Xp icnbm-bn-cn-¡psa¶p At±lw hnNm-cn- ¨p. Xm³ ]dª Imcy-¯n\p ]nXmhnÂ\n¶pw bmsXmcp adp-]-Snbpw e`n- ¡m-Xn-cp- ¶-Xp-Im- cWw `rKp ho­pw At±-l-t¯m-S-t]-£n¨p þ "`K-h³, Ct¸mgpw icn- bà Rm³ a\- Ên-em- ¡n-bsX¦n A§v Ir]-tbm-Sp- IqSn F\n¡v {_Ò- XXzw D]- tZ- in-¨p- X- ¶m- epw.' At¸mÄ hcp-W³ ho­pw ]g-b-Xp-t]mse ]dªp þ ""\o X]-Êp-hgn-bmbn {_Òs¯ {Kln-¡p-¶-Xn\p ]cn-{i-an-¡q. Cu X]w Xs¶ {_Ò-am- Ip-¶p. AXm-bXv {_Ò- X- Xzs¯ {Kln- ¡p-¶-Xn- \pÅ {][m\ km[- \-b-Ip-¶p.'' C{]- Imcw ]nXm-hnsâ BÚ e`n¨n«v `rKp-a-lÀjn ho­pw AtX {]Im-c-¯nÂXs¶ X]Êp-jvTn- ¨p- sIm­v ]nXm-hnsâ D]tZis¯-¸än Nn´n-¨p-sIm­n-cp-¶p. X]-Ê-\p-jTn-¨n-sIm­v At±lw F´p-sNbvXp? v CXv ASp¯ A\p-hm-I-¯n ]d-bp-¶p.

K

NXpÀYm-\ p-h mIw
at\m {_tÒXn hyPm- \ m-X v. a\tkm tlyh Jezn am\n `qXm\n Pmb-t´. a\km PmXm\n Poh´n. a\x {]b´`nkwhni´o-Xn. XZzn-Úmb ]p\tch hcpw ]nXc ap]-k -km-c . A[oln `Kthm {_tÒ-Xn. Xw tlmhm-N. X]km {_Ò hnPn-Úmk-kz. Xt]m {_tÒ-Xn. k Xt]mX]y-X. k X]kv X- ]vXzm.

XrXob A\p-hmIw
{]mtWm {_tÒXn hyPm-\m-X v. {]mtWm-t²yh Jezn-am\n `qXm\n Pmb-t´. {]mtW\ PmXm\n Poh´n. {]mWw {]b-´y-`n-kw-hn-i-´o-Xn. XZzn-Úmb ]p\- t ch hcWw ]nX- c - a p- ] - k - k m- c . A[oln `Kthm {_tÒ-Xn. Xwtlm-hm-N. X]km {_Ò hnPnÚm-k-kz. Xt]m {_tÒ-Xn. k Xt]mX]y-X. k X]-k vX -] vX zm.

C¯-hW ]nXm-hnsâ D]-tZ-i-a-\p-k-cn¨v a\-Êp-X-s¶bmWv {_Ò- sa¶p `rKp \nÝ-bn- ¨p. At±lw Nn´n- ¨p, ]nXmhn-\m ]d-b-s¸« {_Ò-¯nsâ FÃm e£-W-§fpw a\]nXm-hnsâ D]-tZ-im-\p-k-cWw `rKp X]-Êp-h-gn-bmbn Ên ImW-s¸-Sp-¶p. a\-ÊnÂ\n-¶p-Xs¶ FÃm Pohn-Ifpw {]mW³Xs¶ {_Òw F¶p Xocp-am\w sNbvXp. At±lw DÛ-hn-¡p-¶p. kv{Xobp-sSbpw ]pcp-j-sâbpw am\-kn-INn´n-¨p. ]nXm-hn-\m ]d-b-s¸« {_Ò-¯nsâ FÃm e£amb t{]a-]qÀ®-kw-tbm-K-¯n \n¶pw Pohn _oP-cq-]W-§fpw {]mW- \n ]qÀ®-ambn ImW- s¸-Sp- ¶p. FÃm Pohnt¯m-Sp-IqSn amXm-hnsâ KÀ`-¯nÂh¶v DÛ-hn-¡p-Ibpw Ifpw {]mW-\n \n¶pw DÛ-hn-¡p-¶p. AXm-bXv PohnDÛ-hn-¨n«v a\-tÊm-Sp-Iq-Sn-¯s¶ C{µn-b§Ähgn FÃm ¡p¶ Hcp {]mWn-bn \n¶pw AXn\p kZr-i-ambn asämPnhn-tXm-]-tbm-Kn-I-fmb hkvXp-¡sf D]t`mKw sNbvXp ¶p-Û- hn-¡p-¶Xv {]Xy-£- ambn ImW-s¸-Sp-¶p. AXp- t]mse Pohn-¡p-Ibpw ac-Wm-\-´cw a\-Ên-te-bv¡p-Xs¶ {]th-inFÃmw {]mW-\mÂXs¶ Pohn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. izmk¡p-I bpw sN¿p-¶p. ac-W m-\ -´cw Cu icoc-¯ n ¯nsâ t]m¡p-h-chp \n¶p-t]m-bmÂ, {]mW³ aqe-apÅ

N

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135

I {]mW\pw C{µn-b§fpw \ne-\n¡p-¶n-Ã. AXn-\m a\-

ßm-hp-Xs¶ {_Ò-am-Ip-¶p. C{]-Imcw \nÝ-bn-¨-X n-\pÊp-Xs¶ {_Ò-am-Ip-¶p. C{]-Imcw \nÝ-bn-¨p-sIm­v tijw At±lw BZy-t¯-Xp-t]m-se-Xs¶ ]nXm-hmb hcpAt±lw ho­pw ]g-Xp-t]mse ]nXm-hmb hcp-Wsâ ASp- Wsâ ASp-¡  sN¶p. At±lw Xsâ Xocp-am\w ¡Â sN¶v Xsâ A\p-`h§sf ]nXm-hns\ Adn-bn-¨p. ]nXmhns\ Adn-bn-¨p. C{]m-h-iyhpw hcp-W³ bmsXmcp Cu {]mhiyhpw ]nXm-hnÂ\n¶pw bmsXmcp adp-]-Snbpw adp]-Snbpw ]dªn-Ã. At±lw Nn´n-¨p. C{]mhiyw Ch³ e`n-¨n-Ã. "Ch³ ap¼n-e-t¯-¡mÄ F{Xtbm Bg-¯n-te-¡n- hf- scb[nIw {_Ò- t¯m-S- Sp-¯n-cn-¡- ¶p. Chsâ Nn´-IÄ d-§n-s¨-¶n-cn-¡p-¶p. F¶m C\nbpw Ch³ Iptd-¡qSn Øqehpw kq£vahpw Bb c­p-X-c-¯n-epÅ PU-X-XzX]-Ê-\p-jTn-¡-Ww. AXn-\m adp-]Sn ]d-bm-Xn-cn-¡p-¶Xp §-fnÂ\n¶pw DbÀ¶v tNX-\-Po-hm-ßmhn¦temfw F¯nv Xs¶ DNn-X-am-bn-cn-¡pw.' F¶v hcp-W³ Nn´n-¨p. ]nXm- bn-cn-¡p-¶p. F¶m {_Ò kzcq-]-am-Is« CXn-s\-¡mÄ hnÂ\n¶pw Xsâ Imcy-¯n\v bmsXmcp adp-]-Snbpw e`n¡m- Hs¡bpw t{ijvT-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. At±-l-am-Is« \nXym-\-µ¯-Xp-I m-cWw `rKp ho­pw ap¼n-e -t¯-t¸m-se-X s¶ kz-cq-]\pw AZzn- Xo-b\p-amb ]c-am-ßm-hm-Ip-¶p. Ch³ A`yÀ°n¨p þ ""`K-h³, Rm³ {Kln-¨n-cn-¡p-¶Xp icn-bm- C\nbpw Iptd-¡qSn X]-Ê-\p-jvTn-t¡-­n-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. AXnbn-cn-¡p-¶n-sÃ-¦n A§v, Ir]-bp-­mbn {_Ò-c-lkyw \m adp-]Sn ]d-bm-Xn-cn-¡p-¶-Xmbncn¡pw icn.'' C{]-Imcw F\n-¡p-]-tZ-in-¨p-X-¶m-epw.'' At¸mÄ hcp-W³ ho­pw XpSÀ¨-b mbn ]nXm-hnÂ\n¶pw bmsXmcp adp-]-Snbpw AtX adp-]Sn Xs¶ ]dªp þ ""\o X]-Êp-hgn-bmbn e`n¡m-Xn-cp-¶- Xp- Im- cWw `rKp lXm-it\m \ncm-it\m Bbn{_ÒXXzs¯ Adn-bp-¶-Xn-\m-{K-ln-¡q, AXm-bXv X]-Êp- Ã. At±lw ap³]n-e-t¯-t¸mse ho­pw AtX {]mÀ°\ sN-bvXp-sIm­v Fsâ D]-tZ-i-s¯- ¸än ho­pw Nn´n-¡q. Xs¶ \S-¯n. þ ""`K-h³, Rm³ icn-bà {Kln-¨n-cn-¡p-¶Cu Xt]m-c q-]-a m-Ip¶ km[\ Xs¶ {_Ò-am-I p-¶p. sX-¦n A§v Ir]-tbm-Sp-IqSn {_Ò-c-lkyw F\n-¡p-]{_Òs¯ {Kln-¡p-¶-Xn\v CXn-\p-]-cn-bmbn aäp bmsXm-cp- tZ- in-¨p-X-¶m-epw. At¸mÄ hcp-W³ ho­pw AtX D¯cw ]m- b- §fpw CÃ.'' C{]-Imcw ]nXm-hnsâ BÚ e`n¨p `rKp Xs¶ \ÂIn þ ""\o X]-Êp-h- gn-bm-bn- ¯-s¶ {_Ò-X-Xzs¯ ho­pw apt¶-t¸mse kwb-a-\-t¯m-Sp-IqSn Pohn¨v ]nXm- {Kln-¡ p-hm-\ m-{K-l n-¡ q. AXm-b Xv X]-kym-] qÀÆIw hnsâ D]-tZ-i-s¯-¸än Nn´n-¨p. Nn´n-¨n«v At±lw F´p- AXnsâ ]qÀ®-amb IY IYm-\p-k-cWw Nn´n-¡q. X]w sNbvXp F¶ Imcyw ASp¯ A\p-hm-I-¯n hnh-cn- Xs¶ {_Ò-am-Ip-¶p.'' C{]-Im-c-apÅ ]nXm-hnsâ BÚ e`n-¨n«v `rKp ho­pw ap³]n-et¯-t¸mse kwb-a-\-t¯m¡p-¶p. Sp-IqSn Pohn-¨p-sIm­v ]nXm-hnsâ D]-tZ-i-{]-Imcw Nn´n¨p. Nn´n-¨ -Xn-\p-tijw At±lw F´p-sN-bvXp. CXp ]©-am- \ p- h mIw XpSÀ¶p ]d-bp-¶p.

K

B\tµm {_tÒXn hyPm-\m-X v. B\-µm-t²y-hJ-ezn-am\n `qXm\n Pmbm-t´. B\-tµ\ PmXm\ Poh-´n. B\µw {]b-´y-`n-kw-hn-i-´o-Xn. sskjm `mÀ¤ho hmcpWo hnZym ]cta thyma³ {]Xn-jvTnXm. k b Ghw thZ {]Xn-X n-j vT -Xn. A¶-hm-\ C{]m-hiyw `rKp ]nXm-hnsâ D]-tZ- i-a-\p- k-cn¨v hnÚm¶mtZm `h-Xn. alm³ `hXn {]Pbm ]ip-`nÀ{_-Ò\-kz-cq-]-tN-X- \-bmb Pohm-ßm-hp-X s¶ {_Ò-a m-sW¶p hÀ¨-tk-\. alm³ IoÀ¯ym.
\nÝ-bn-¨p. At±lw Nn´n¨p {_Ò-¯nsâ e£W-§-sf¸än ]nXmhp ]d-ªn-cn-¡p-¶-sXÃmw ]qÀ®-ambpw CXn ImW-s¸-Sp-¶p. Cu FÃm {]mWn- Ifpw Pohm-ßm-hn \n¶pXs¶ DÛ-hn- ¡p- ¶p. kPo-h-tN-X-\- bn \n¶p- Xs¶ {]mWnI-fpsS Dev]¯n {]Xy-£- ambpw ImW-s¸-Sp-¶p. DÛ-hn-¨n«v Cu hnÚm-\-kz-cq-]-amb Pohm-ßm-hn-\m¯s¶ Pohn¡p-¶p. Pohm-ßmhp \ne-\n-ev¡p-¶n-sÃ-¦n a\-Ê,v C{µnb- §Ä, {]mW³ apX- emb bmsXm- ¶n\pw Pohn-¡p- hm³ Ignbp-¶n- Ã. bmsXm-¶n\pw AXn-tâ-Xmb tPmenIÄ \nÀÆ-ln¡p-hm³ km[n-¡p-¶n-Ã. AXp-t]mse ac-Wm-\-´cw a\Êv apX-em-b -h-sbÃmw Pohm-ß m-hnÂXs¶ hne-b n-¡p-¶p. Poh³ t]mb- Xn- \p-ti-japÅ arX- i-co-c- ¯n Ch- sbm¶pw ImW-s¸-Sp-¶n-Ã. AXn-\m hnÚm\ kzcq-]-amb PohmC¯-hW `rKp ]nXm-hnsâ D]-tZ-is¯-¸än AKm-[ambn Nn´n-¨n«v B\µw {_Òw Xs¶ F¶ Xocp-am-\-¯nse-¯n. ""Cu B\-µ-a-b-\mb ]c-am-ßm-hp-X- s¶- bmWv A¶a-bm-Zn-I-fmb FÃm-¯n-sâbpw A´-cm-ßm-hm-Ip-¶-Xv. Ahsb-Ãmw-Xs¶ At±-l-¯nsâ Øqe-cq-]-§-fm-Ip-¶p. Cu Imc-Ww-sIm-­p-X s¶ Ah-bn {_Ò-_p-²n-bp-­ m-IpIbpw {_Ò-¯nsâ Bwin-Ie£Ww {]I-S-am-hp-Ibpw - sN¿p-¶p. F¶m kÀtÆ-iz-cs\ At]-£n¨p {_Ò¯nsâ e£Ww B\-µ-¯n ImW-s¸-Sp-¶p. F´p-sIms­-¶mÂ, Cu Pohn-I-sfÃmw B\-µ-kz-cq-]-\mb ]c-{_Ò-]-c-am-ßm-hnÂ\n-¶p-Xs¶ krjvSn-bpsS Bcw-`-¯n DÛ-hn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. Ch-sb-Ãm-¯ n-sâbpw BZn-Im-cWw

hnÚm\w {_tÒXn hyPm-\ m-X v. hnÚm-\ mt²yh Jezn-am\n `qXm\n Pmb-t´. hnÚm-t\\ PmXm\n Poh-´n. hnÚm\w {]b-´y-`n-kw-hn-i-´oXn. XZzn-Ú mb ]p\-tch hcpWw ]nX-c-ap-] m-kkm-c. A[o-ln-`-Kthm {_tÒ-Xn. Xw tlm hmN. X]km {_Ò hnPn-Úm-kkz. Xt]m-{_-tÒ-Xn. k Xt]mX]y-X. k X]-kvX-]vXzm.

jjvTm-\ p- h mIw

N

P

136

I t]mepw At±lw Xs¶-bm-Ip-¶p. AXp-t]mse Cu Bµ-absâ B\-µ¯nsâ teiw e`n-¨n-«p-Xs¶ Cu {]mWnIsfÃmw Pohn-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. Bcpw ZpxJ-t¯m-Sp-IqSn Pohn-¡p-hm-\n-jS-s¸-Sp-¶n-Ã. am{X-hp-a-Ã, B\-µ-a-b- \mb B v kÀÆm-´-cym-an-bmb ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ ANn-´y-i-àn-bpsS t{]c-W-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-¯s¶ Cu temI-¯nse FÃm Pohn-Ifp-sSbpw FÃm {]hÀ¯-\-§fpw \S-¶p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. At±-l-¯nsâ `c-W-¯n Ign-bp¶ kqcym-Zn-IÄ AXmXp-I-fpsS tPmen-IÄ \nÀÆ-ln-¡m-Xn- cn- ¡p-I-bm- sW-¦n Hcp £W-t\cw t]mepw bmsXmcp {]mWn¡pw Pohn-¨n-cn-¡phm³ km[n- ¡p- ¶- X-Ã. AJn- e-¯n-tâbpw Pohm-[mcw hmkvXh-¯n B\-µ-kz-cq-]-\mb B ]c-am-ßm-hmIp¶p. AXpt]mse FÃm Pohn-I-fmepw \nd-bs¸« Cu {_ÒmWvUw {]f-bIm-e-¯n At±-l¯ n¯s¶ eo\-am-Ip-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. At±lw Xs¶ FÃm {]Im-c-¯nepw kÀÆZm AJn-e-¯n-tâbpw B{i-b-am-Ip-¶p. C{]-Im-c-apÅ A\p-`h-a p- ­ m-b -t ¸mÄ `rKp-h n\p ]c- {_-Ò -s ¯- ¸ - ä nbpÅ bYmÀ° Úm\w D­m-bn. ]n¶oSv At±-l- ¯n\p bmsXmcp-hn[amb PnÚm-kbpw Ahtijn-¨n-Ã. {ipXn-kz-b-ambn B hnZy-bpsS alna Adn-bn-¡p-¶-Xn-\p-th­n ]d-bp¶p þ AXp-Xs¶ hcp-W-\m ]d-b-s¸-«Xpw `rKp-hn\p e`y-am-bXp-amb {_Ò-hnZy ({_-Ò-c-lkyw shfn-s¸-Sp-¯p¶ hnZy). Cu hnZy hnip² BIm-i-kz-cq-]am-Ip¶ ]c-{_Ò ]c-amßm-hn ØnXn-sN-¿p-¶p. At±lw Xs¶ Cu hnZy-bptSbpw B[m-cw. bmsXm-cp-¯³ `rKp-hn-s\-t¸mse X]-kym]qÀÆw CXn-s\-¸än Nn´n-¨n«v ]c-am-\-µkz-cq-]-\mb ]c-amßm-hns\ Xncn-¨-dn-bp-¶pthm Ah\pw Ahn-ip-²-]-c-am-\µ ]c-am-ßm-hn ØnX- \m-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. C{]-Imcw Cu hnZybpsS hmkvX-hn-I-^ew ]d-ªn«v a\pjysc B km[-\bpsS t\tc Xncn-¨p-hn-Sp-¶-Xn\v D]-cyp-à-amb coXn-bn A¶ {]mWmZn kakvX XXz§fp-tSbpw cl-ky-hn-Úm\ ]qÀÆ-I-amb {_Òs¯ Adnbp¶ Úm\n-I-fpsS ico-c¯epw A´x-Ic-W-¯nepw kzm`m-hn-Iam-bp-Û-hn-¡p¶ Akm-[m-c-W-amb iàn- sb¸än {ipXn ]d-bp¶p þ Ah³ \m\m {]Im- c -¯ n- e p- a pÅ Poh- \ - b - t {Xm- ] - t bm- K n- I t`mK§fn k¼-¶-\m-bn-¯o-cp-Ibpw Ah-sb-à m-¯nt\bpw tkhn-¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ kmaÀ°yw Ah-\n h¶-tNcp-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. AXm-bXv Ahsâ a\-Ê,v C{µn-b-§Ä, icocw Ch \nÀhn-Im-chpw \otcm-Khpw Bbn-¯o-cp-¶p. am{X-hp-a-Ã, Ah³ k´m-\-§Ä, arK-§Ä, {_Ò-tX-PÊv henb IoÀ¯n Ch-bm kar- ²-\m-bn«v temI-¯n kÀÆt{i-jT-\mbn am\n-¡-s¸-Sp-¶p. v

]m-b-apt­m? CXn\p adp-]-Sn-bmbn Ch-sbÃmw {]m]n-¡p¶-Xn-\pÅ aäp-]m-b-§Ä ]d-bp¶p þ

K

A¶w \ \nµym- X v . XZv { h- X w, {]mtWm hm A¶w. ico-c-a-¶m-Zw, {]mtW icocw {]Xn-jvTn-Xw. icotc {]mWx {]Xn-jvTn-Xx. XtZ-X-Z-¶-at¶ {]XnjvTn-Xw. k b GX-Z-¶-at¶ {]Xn-jvTnXw thZ {]XnXn-jvT-Xn. A¶-hm-\ -¶mtZm `h-X n. alm³ `hXn {]Pbm ]ip-`nÀ_vÒ-hÀ¨-tk\ alm³ IoÀ¯ym.

ChnsS A¶-¯nsâ al-Xzs¯ hnh-cn-¨n«v AXv Adnbp-¶-Xp-sIm-­p-­m-Ip¶ ^es¯ Adn-bn-¡p-¶p. AXmbXv bmsXmcp a\p-jy³ A¶m-Zn-I-fm k¼-¶-\m-Ip-hm³ B{K- ln-¡p-¶pthm Ah³ Gähpw BZy-ambn "Rm³ Hcn¡epw A¶s¯ \nµn-¡p-I-bnÃ' F¶pÅ {hXw AwKo-Icn-¡-Ww. GsX-¦nepw Hcp hkvXp-hns\ e`n-¡p-hm³ a\pjy-\m-{K-ln-¡p-¶pthm AXns\ kw_-Ôn¨ Hcp al-Xz-_p²n-bp-­m-bn-cn-¡-W-sa-¶Xv Hcp km[m-cW \nbaw am{X-amIp-¶p. At¸mÄ AXv Ah-\p-th-­nbpw {]b-X\n-¡pw. Hcpv ¯\v GsX-¦nepw H¶n hnc-k-_p-²n-bmWv tXm¶p-¶-sX¦n Ahsâ t\sc AXp I®p-Xp-d-¶p-t\m-¡p-I-t]mepw sN¿p-I-bn-Ã. A¶s¯ \nµn-¡ p-I-b n-s Ã-¶ pÅ {hXw kzoI-cn-¡-Ww. A¶w Xs¶ {]mW\pw {]mW³ Xs¶ A¶hpw BIp- ¶p. F´p- sIm-s­- ¶m A¶-¯n \n¶pXs¶ {]mW-_ew D­m-hp-Ibpw {]mW-i-àn-bn \n¶pXs¶ A¶-a-b-i -co-c-¯ n Poh-i-à n-b p-­ m-Ip-Ibpw sN¿p¶p F¶pÅ A¶-¯nsâ al-Xzs¯ a\-Ên-em-¡Ww. ico-c¯n A¶-c-ks¯ kÀÆ{X hym]n-¸n-¡p-¶Xp-sIm­v ChnsS {]mWs\ A¶-sa¶p ]d-ªn-cn-¡p-¶p. icocw {]mWsâ B[m-c-¯n Dd- ¨p-\n- ev¡p-¶p. AXn-\m AXv {]mW-cq-]-amb A¶- ¯nsâ t`màm-hm-Ip-¶p. icocw {]mW-\n ØnXn-sN-¿p- ¶p. AXm-bXv ico- c- ¯nsâ ØnXn {]mWm-[o-\m-bn-cn-¡p-Ibpw {]mW³ ico-c-¯n ØnX-ambn-cn- ¡p- Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. {]mWsâ B[mcw ico-c-am-Ip¶p. C¡mcyw {]Xy- £- am- W-sÃm. C{]-Imcw Cu A¶- a- b-i-cocw A¶-am- Ip-¶p. {]mW\v Blmcw e`y- am-Im-Xn-cp- ¶m AXp ico-c-¯nse [mXp-¡-sf-¯s¶ DW-¡n-¡-f-bp-sa-¶p-ÅXv A\p-`-h-kn-²-amb hnj-ba m-Wv. At¸mÄ ico-c-¯nsâ ØnXn {]mW¶[o\- am- b- Xp- Im-cWw {]mW\pw A¶w-X-s¶bm-Ip-¶p. AXn-\m ico-c-¯n\pw {]mW\pw ]c-k]-cm-{iv b-_-Ô- ap-Å-Xn-\m A¶- ¯n¯s¶ A¶w ØnXn-sN¿p¶p F¶p ]d-b-s¸-Sp-¶p. bmsXm-cp-¯³ Cu clkyw a\-Ên-em-¡p-¶pthm Ah-\p-Xs¶ ico-chpw {]mW\pw c­n-tâbpw D]-tbmKw icn-bmbn \S-¯p-hm³ Ign-bp-¶p. AXn-\m ico-c-¯n- sâbpw {]mW-sâbpw hnÚm-\-¯n k]vX - am-\ p- h mIw ]mc-MvK-X-\m-bp-Å-h³ Cu hnÚm-\-¯nsâ ^e-kz-cq-]kw_Ôw þ {_lva-Úm\n A¶w, {]P (k´m\w) apX- ambn FÃm {]Im-c -¯ n-e p- a pÅ t`mK-h -k vX p- ¡ -f m em-b-h-bm k¼-¶-\m-bn-¯o-cp-sa¶ Imcyw ]d-ªp-I-gn- bpà\pw Ahsb D]-tbm-K- ¯n sIm­p-h-cp-¶-Xn-\pÅ ªp. At¸mÄ Hcp kwi- b-ap-­m-Ip-¶Xv Cu FÃm kn²n- iàn-bn k¼-¶- \p-am-bn- ¯o-cp-sa¶p ]d-b-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶p. Ifpw {_Ò-km-£m-Xv¡mcw {]m]n-¨-Xn-\p-ta am{Xta e`y- IqSmsX Ah³ k´m-\-§Ä, \m\m-hn[ arK§Ä, {_Òam-I-bptÅm AYhm Ch-sbÃmw {]m]n-¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ aäp- tX- P-Êv Ch-bm k¼-¶-\mbn alm-\m-b n-¯o-c p-¶p.

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I IoÀ¯n, biÊv Ch temI-¯n hym]n-¡p-Ibpw XZzmcm
Ah³ temI-¯n alm-\m-bn-¯o-cp-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p.

AjvS-am-\ p- h mIw
A¶w \ ]cnN£oX. XZv {hXw. Bt]m hm A¶w. tPymXn-c¶m-Zw. A]vkp tPymXnx {]Xn-jvTnXw. tPymXn-j ym]x {]Xn-jvTn-Xmx. XtZ-X-Z-¶ -at¶ {]Xn-jvTn-Xw. k b GX-Z-¶-at¶ {]Xn-jvTnXw thZ {]Xn-Xn-j vT -X n. A¶ hm\-¶ mtZm `h-X n. alm³ `hXn {]Pbm ]ip-` nÀ{_- Ò -h ÀN-tk- \ . alm³ IoÀ¯ym.

\n]p-W-\mbn `hn-¡p-¶p. F´p-sIm-s­-¶m Ah\v Cu c­n-sâbpw icn-bmb D]-tbmKw \S-¯p-hm³ Ign-bp-¶p. CXnsâ ^e-ambn Ah³ FÃm-hn[ t`mK-km-a-{Kn- Ifm k¼-¶\pw Ah-sbÃmw bYm-tbmKyw D]-t`mKw \S-¯p¶-Xn Ign-hp-Åh\pw Bbn-¯o-cp-¶p. AXp-Im-cWw Ah³ k´m-\§fmepw \m\m-hn[ arK-§-fmepw {_Ò-tXP-Ên-\mepw k¼-¶-\mbn alm-\m-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. Ah³ bikznbpw X¡m-c-W-¯m alm-\p-am-bn-¯o-cp-¶p.

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\h- am-\ p- h mIw

A¶w _lp IÀho-X. XZv {hXw. ]rYnho hm A¶w. BImtim¶mZx. ]rYn-hym-am-I mix {]XnChnsS Pe-t¯bpw tPymXn-Ên-t\bpw A¶-cq-]ambn jvTn-Xx. BImti ]rYnho {]Xn-jvTn-Xm. XtZ-X-Z-¶]d-ªp-sIm­v Ahsb Adn-bp-¶-Xn \n¶p-­m-Ip¶ at¶ {]Xn-jvTn-Xw. k b GX-Z-¶-at¶ {]Xn-jvTnXw ^ew ]d- bp-¶p. bmsXmcp a\p-jy\v A¶w apX-em- b-h-bm thZ {]Xn-Xn-jvT-Xn. A¶-hm-\-¶mtZm `h-Xn. alm³ k¼-¶-\ m-I -W -s a¶v B{K-l -ap-­ m-I p-¶ pthm Ah³ `hXn {]Pbm ]ip-` nÀ{_- Ò -h À¨-tk- \ . alm³ ""Rms\m- c n- ¡ epw A¶s¯ Ah- t l- f n- ¡ p- I - b n- à , IoÀ¯ym.
A¶s¯ Zpcp-]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp-¯p-Itbm AXns\ F¨n-ensâ cq]-¯n Dt]-£n¨p If-bp-I-tbm-bnÃ'' F¶pÅ \nbaw Ahiyw ]men-¨n-cn-¡-Ww. Hcp-¯³ GsX-¦nepw hkvXphns\ A\m-Z-cn-¡-bm-sW-¦n AXn-t\mSv Dt]-£m-_p²n kzoI-cn-¡p-¶p-sh-¦n B hkvXp Ahs\ Hcn-¡epw hcn¡p-I-bnà F¶p-ÅXv km[m-cW \nbaw am{X-ta-bm-Ip-¶pÅq. GsX-¦nepw hkvXp-hns\ {]m]n-¡-Wsa-¦n AXnt\mSv BZ-c-_p²n {]I-Sn-¸n-t¡-­Xv ]c-a-amb IÀ¯-hy-amIp-¶p. Hcp-¯\v Hcp hkvXp-hn BZ-c-hn-tâ-Xmb at\m`mhw D­m-Ip-¶n- sÃ-¦n Ah³ AXns\ {]m]n-¡-W-sa¶v F´n-\m- {K- ln- ¡p¶p? Pew Xs¶ A¶- am-Ip-¶p. F´p-sIms­-¶m FÃm-bn-\-¯n-ep-apÅ A¶w, `£y-]ZmÀ°§Ä, Pe-¯nÂ\n-¶p-Xs¶ DÛ-hn-¡p-Ibpw tPymXn-Êv, tXP-Êv, Xs¶ Cu Pe-cq-]am-Ip¶ A¶s¯ `£n-¡pIbpw sN¿p-¶p. C{]-Imcw A¶s¯ Ah-tl-fn-¡-bn-söpÅ {hXw kzoI-cn-¨p-sIm­v apI-fn ]d-ªn-cn-¡p¶ A¶-¯nsâ Cu XXzs¯ \¶mbn a\-Ên-em-¡p-Ibpw thWw. Aánbpw kqcy-c-ivan-Ifpw F{]-Imcw Pe-I-W§sf timjn-¸n¨p If-bp-¶pthm AtX {]Imcw ico-c-¯nepÅ PT-cmán ico-c¯nse Pemw-i-X-Xz-§sf timjn-¸n¡p- ¶p. Pe-¯n tPymXnÊv {]Xn-jvTn-X-am-bn- cn-¡p-¶p. CXpt]mse tXP-Ênepw Pew ØnXn-sN-¿p¶p F¶p-ÅXp \ap¡p {]Xy-£-ambn ImWp-hm³ Ign-bp-¶p. F´p-sIms­- ¶m kqcysâ {]Jc Inc-W-§-fn ØnXn-sN-¿p¶ Pew Xs¶ \½psS ap¶n hrjvSn-bmbn hÀjn-¡-s¸-Sp¶p. C{]-Imcw Pehpw tXPÊpw At\ym-\ym-{i-b-§-fm-bncn-¡p-¶Xp ImcWw A¶- cq-]-amb FÃm `£y-]-ZmÀ°-§fp-tSbpw Imc-W-am- Ip- ¶p; Bb- Xn-\m Ch- Xs¶ Ah- bpsS cq]-¯n ]cn-W-an-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. AXn-\m c­pw A¶w Xs¶-bm-Ip-¶p. C§s\ A¶w Xs¶ A¶-¯n {]XnjvTn-X- am-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. bmsXmcp a\p-jy³ Cu XXzw a\-Ênem-¡p-¶pthm Ah³ Cu c­n-sâbpw hnÚm-\¯n ChnsS BIm-i-t¯bpw `qan-tbbpw A¶-cq-]ambn ]dªv Ah-b psS XXzs¯ Adn-b p-¶-X p-s Im-­ pÅ ^es¯ hnh-cn-¡p-¶p. bmsXmcp a\p-jy\p `£y-[m-\y§Ä kar-²n-bm-bp-­m-Ip-¶-Xn-\pÅ A`n-emjw D­m-Ip¶p-thm, Ah³ BZy-ambn Cu {hX-¯n Aæn ZrVamb Hcp k¦-e v]-¯n F¯n-b n-c n-¡Ww þ "Rm³ A¶s¯ hf-sc-b-[n-I-ambn hÀ²n-¸n¡pw' F¶v. GsX¦nepw hkvXp-hn-t\m-SpÅ Aan-X-amb A`yp-Zbw Xs¶ AXns\ hfÀ¯-W-sa-¶pÅ A`n-emjw Xs¶, AXns\ BIÀjn-¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ Gähpw t{ijvT-amb D]m-b-am-Ip¶p. bmsXm-cp-¯³ GsX-¦n-ep-samcp hkvXp-hns\ Ae-£yambn ssIImcyw sN¿p-Ibm-sW-¦n B hkvXp-hns\ Ah\v Hcn-¡epw {]m]n-¡p-hm³ km[n-¡p-¶nà AYhm e`yam-Ip-Ibm-sW-¦n Xs¶ AXp \ne-\n¡p-¶p-an-Ã. CXn\ptijw ]rYzn Xs¶ A¶-am-sW- ¶pÅ A¶- ¯nsâ XXzw icn-bmbn a\-Ên-em- ¡-Ww. F{X- sbÃmw A¶- apt­m Ah-sbÃmw ]rYzn-bnÂ\n-¶p-Xs¶ D­m-Ip-Ibpw Cu ]rYznsb X¶n-te¡v BIÀjn- ¨p-sIm-­n- cn-¡p-¶-Xnsâ B [mc-`q-X-amb BImiw Cu A¶- ¯nsâ t`màhpw BIp¶p. `qan-bn BImiw ØnXn-sN-¿p-¶p, F´p-sIm-s­¶m AXv kÀÆ-hym-]n-bm-Ip¶p; BIm-i-¯n ]rYzn ØnXn-sN-¿p¶p F¶pÅ Imcyhpw {]Xy-£-am-Ip-¶p. Ch c­pw H¶p asäm-¶n-¶m-[m-c-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶-Xp-Im-cWw A¶kz-cq-]-am-Ip-¶p. ]©-a-lm-`q-X-§-fn BImiw BZyt¯Xpw `qan Ah-km-\-t¯-Xp-amb XXz-§-fm-Ip-¶p. CSbv¡pÅ aq¶p XXz-§fpw Ch-bn A´ÀK-X-§-fm-Wv. kakvX t`mKy-]ZmÀ°-cq-]-amb A¶w Cu ]©-a-lm_qX§fpsS {]hÀ¯-\-am-Wv. AXn-\m Chbpw A¶¯nsâ cq]-¯n ØnXn-sN-¿p-¶p. CXp-sIm­v A¶¯n Xs¶ A¶w {]Xn-jTn-¡-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶p. bmsXm-cpv ¯³ Cu Imcyw XmXzn-I-ambn {Kln-¡p-¶pthm þ ]rYzo-cq-

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I ]-amb A¶-¯n BIm-i-cq-]-am-Ip¶ A¶hpw BIm-i-

"R§-fpsS lrZ-b¯n \n§Ä¡p \ÂIp-¶-Xn\p \à cq-]-am-Ip¶ A¶-¯n ]rYzo-cq-]-am-Ip¶ A¶hpw {]Xn- `£- Wtam Xma- kn- ¡p- ¶-Xn\p Øetam CÃ' F¶v At±lw jvTn-X- a-mbn-cn-¡p¶p F¶v þ Ah\v BIm-im-Zn-bmb ]©- Hcn-¡epw ]d-bp-I-bn-Ã. bmsXm-cp-¯³ Xsâ Krl-¯n-em`q-X- §sf bYmtbmKyw D]-tbm-Kn-¡p-hm³ Ign- bp- ¶p. AXn- K-X-\m-Ip¶ AXn-Ynsb AXy-[n-I-amb BZ-c-k¡m-c\m Ah³ Cu hnj-b-¯n kaÀ°-\mbpw `hn-¡p-¶p. ]qÀÆw D¯- a-`m-h-t¯m-Sp-IqSn \à hkvXp-¡- fm tkh\w Cu hnÚm-\-¯nsâ ^e-ambn Ah³ FÃm {]Im-c-§-fn- sN¿p-¶pthm þ Ahs\ {i²-tbm-Sp-IqSn D­m-¡n-bn-«pÅ ep-apÅ t`mKy-h-kvXp¡fmepw Ahsb D]t`mKn-¡p-¶-Xn- t`mP-\-h-kvXp-¡-fm Xr]vX-\m-¡-s¸-Sp-¶pthm Ah\pw \pÅ iàn-bmepw k¼-¶-\m-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. AXn-\m D¯-a-`m-K-¯n A¶w e`y-am-Ip-¶p. AXm-bXv Ah\p A h³ k´ m\- § - f m , \m\m- { ]- I m- c - § - f n- e pÅ t`mKy-]-ZmÀ°-§-f psS k¼-m Z-\ -¯n IjvS -s ¸-tS­ arK§fmÂ, hnZy-bpsS tXP-Ên-\m kaÀ°\pw alm-\p- Bhiyw D­m-Ip-¶n-Ã. AXnYn tkh-\¯nsâ {]`m-ham-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. Ah-sâ biÊv temIw apgp-h³ hym]n- ¯n \n¶pw Ah\p bmsXm-¶n-tâbpw Ipd-hp-­m-Ip-¶n¡p-¶p. AXn-\m Bbp-Êp-hgn-bm-bn«pw Ah³ alm-\m- Ã. Abm-fpsS FÃm Bhiy§fpw A\m-bm-k-a mbn ]qÀ¯o-Icn¡s¸Sp-¶p. Ah³ ho«n hcp¶ AXn-Ynsb bn- ¯o-cp-¶p. a[y`mh-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Sn-bmWp k¡-cn-¡p-¶-sX-¦nÂ, AXmbXp km[m- c - W - c o- X n- b n `£ Ww \ Ip- I bpw Zi-am- \ p-h mIw {]tXyIamb _lp-am-\-sam¶pw {]I-Sn-¸n-¡m-Xn-cn-¡p-I-bp\ IwN\ hkXu {]Xym-N-£o-X. XXv{h-Xw. X am-sW-¦n Ah\pw km[m-c-W-co-Xn-bn A¶w e`y-am-IpkvamZybm Ibm N hn[bm _lzm¶w {]m]v\p-bm- ¶p. AXm-bXv A¶-h-k{Xm-Zn-I-fpsS kw`-c-W-¯n km[mv Xv . Bcm-² ykva m A¶-an-X ymN£tX. GXssZz c-W-bn Ihnªv _p²n-ap-t«-­-Xmbn hcp-¶p. GXp `mhapJtXm¶w cm²w. apJXmkvam A¶w cm[y-tX. t¯m-Sp-IqSn Ah³ AXn-Yn¡p \ÂIp-¶pthm AtX-`m-hGXssZz a[ytXm¶wcm-²w. a[ytXmkvam A¶w t¯m- Sp- IqSn A{Xbpw Ipd-hmb BZ- c- thm-Sp-IqSn B hkvXpc m[ y- t X . G X Zzm A ´ tX m¶ w c m- ² w . ¡Ä e`n-¡p-¶p. CXp-t]m-se- Xs¶ A´n-a- `m-h-t¯m-Sp-IqSn A´tXmkvam A¶w cm[y-tX. b Ghw thZ. AXm-bXv bmsXm-cp-hn-[-amb BZ-chpw {]I-Sn-¸n-¡msX Cu A\p-hm-I-¯n AXn-Yn-tk-hbpsS al-Xzhpw \nÊm-c-`m-h-¯n `mc- -]am-bn-¡-cpXn AXn-Yn-tk-h\w \S¯p- I-bm-sW- ¦n þ Ah³ \nIrjvS`mh-t¯m-Sp-IqSn A{i^ehpw ]d-ªn-cn-¡p-¶p. bmsXm-cp-¯³ AXn-Yn-tk-h-\¯nsâ ]qÀ®-amb ^ew In«-Wsa¶m{K-ln-¡p-¶pthm ²-ambn X¿m-dm-¡-s¸« `£Ww \ÂIn k¡- cn-¡p-I-bmAh³ BZy-ambn Xsâ ho«n GsX¦nepw AXnYn B{i- sW-¦n þ Ah\pw AtX-co- Xn-bn-epÅ ]ZmÀ°- §Ä AtX bs¯ B{K-ln¨p hcp-s¶-¦n Xm³ Hcn-¡epw tami- amb `mh-t¯m-Sp-IqSn e`n-¡p-¶p. AXm-bXv Ahsb {]m]n-¡padp-]Sn ]dªp aS¡n Ab-bv¡p-I-bnà F¶ \nbaw ¶-Xn\v Ah³ hf-scb[nIw IjvS-s¸-tS-­- Xmbn hcp-¶p. v kzoI-cn-¡-Ww. "AXnYn tZthm `h' þ AXn-Ynsb tZh-_p- Bfp-Isf apJ-kXp-Xn-bm kt´m-jn-¸n-t¡-­- Xmbn hcp²n-tbm-Sp-IqSn tkhn-¡pI F¶ D]-tZiw Kpcp apJ-¯p- ¶p. bmsXm-cp-¯³ C{]-Imcw Cu cl-kys¯ {Kln-¡p\n¶pw thZm-²y-b\w \S-¯n-bn-«pÅ injy\p sImSp¯p ¶pthm Ah³ D¯-a- amb coX-bn hnip-²- amb `mh-t¯mIgn-ª n-«p-Å-Xm-Wv. C{]-Im-c-apÅ \nbaw ]men-¨ m Sp-IqSn AXn- Yn-tk-h\w \S¯n kÀtÆm-¯-a-amb ^ew {]mam{Xta AXn-Yn-tk-h\w km²y-am-Ip-Ibp-Åq. Cu {hXw ]n-¡p-¶p. kzoI-cn¨v AXns\ ]men-¡p-¶-Xn-\p-th­n Xsâbpw IpSpw- kw_Ôw þ C\n ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ hn`q-Xn-cq-]-t¯m-Sp-IqSn _-¯n-sâbpw Bhiy¯n-\p-th­n am{X-a-ÃmsX GsX- kÀÆ{X Nn´n-t¡-­- Xmb hn[s¯ \nÀt±-in-¡p-¶p. ¦nepw \ymtbm-Nn-X-amb amÀ¤-¯n¡qSn hfscb[nIw t£a CXn hmNn. tbmKt£a CXn {]mWm-]mA¶w D]mÀÖn-¡-Ww. [\w, k¼-¯v, A¶w C§s\ \-tbmx. IÀt½Xn lkvXtbmx. KXn-cnXn ]mZ-tbmx. ico-c- t]m-j-W-¯n-\p-th-­n- bpÅ kma-{Kn-Isf k¼m- Zn-¡phnap-àn-c nXn ]mbu. CXn am\p-jox. kam-Ú mx. ¶-Xn\v F{Xtbm \ymtbm-Nn-X-amb amÀ¤§fp-t­m, AXpAX ssZhox. Xr]vXn-cn-Xn. hrjvSu. _e-anXn hnZypt]mse Ignª A\p- hm-I-§-fn-embn GsXÃmw D]m- b- §Ä Xn. bi CXn ]ip-jp. tPymXn-cnXn \£t{X-j p. ]d-ªn-«pt­m Ah GsX-¦nepw aptJ\ hf-sc-b-[nIw {] Pm- X n- c - a r - X - a m- \ µ C X yp- ] - t Ø . k À Æ- a nBlm-c-h-kvXp- ¡Ä k¼m-Zn- ¡-Ww. AXm-bXv AXnYn tkhXymImti. \-¯n-\mbn Ah-iy-hkvXp-¡Ä A[n-Iam-{X-bn kw`-cn¡-Ww. F´p-sIm-s­- ¶m AXn-Yn-tk-h\w Krtlm-Nn-XChnsS ]c-ta-iz-c sâ hn`q-Xn-I sf kwt£- ]-ambn amb kZm-Nm-c-¯nsâ Hgn-¨p-Iq-Sm³ ]mSn-Ãm¯ AwK-am-Ip- hÀ®n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. kXy-kz- cq-]-amb hmWn-bn BioÀhm¶p. am\y\pw tbmKy-\p-amb a\p-jy³ ho«n hcp¶ AXn- Zm-ZnIÄaqew c£ \ÂIp-¶-Xn-\pÅ iàn {]Xo- X-am-Ip-¶pYn-tbmSv C{]-Imcw ]d-bp¶p þ "hcp, hcp, Ccn-¡p, `£Ww thm, AXnsâ cq]-¯n AhnsS ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ ØnXnX¿m-dm-b n-cn-¡p-¶p. `£Ww Ign¨m-epw.' F¶n-§-s\. bp-­m-Ip-¶p. {]mW-\nepw A]m-\-\nepw Poh-t\m-]-tbm-Kn-

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I bmb hkvXp-¡sf BIÀjn-¡p-¶-Xn\pw Pohs\ c£n¡p¶-Xn-\p-apÅ GsXmcp iàn-bp-­m-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm AXpw ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ Awi-am-Ip-¶p. AtX-{]-Imcw ssIIfn {]hÀ¯n-¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ iànbpw ]mZ-§-fn Nen-¡p-¶Xn-\pÅ iànbpw ae-Zzm-c-¯n ae-hn-kÀÖ-\-¯n-\pÅ iànbpw ]c-am-ßm-hn-tâ-Xm-Ip-¶p. Cu FÃm iIvXnIfpw ]ctaizcsâ iàn-bpsS Hcwiw Xs¶-bm-Wv. CsXÃmw ImWp¶ a\p-jyÀ ]c-ta-iz-csâ k¯-bn hniz-kn-¡pI Xs¶ thWw. CXv am\p-jn-Iamb aln-a-bm-Wv. AXm-bXv a\p-jysâ ico-c¯n {]Xo-X-am-Ip¶ ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ iàn-bpsS kwt£-]¯n ZnKvZÀi\w sN¿-s¸-Sp-¶p. CXns\ B²ym-ßn-I-amb (i-co-c- kw-_-Ôn) D]m-k- \-sb¶p ]d-bp-¶p. CXp-t]mse Xs¶ ssZhn- I-]-ZmÀ¯-§-fn {]Xy£-ambn ImW-s ¸-Sp¶ iànsb hÀ®n-¡ p-¶p. CXv ssZhnI (B[nssZ-hnI) amb D]m-k-\-bm-W.v hrjvSn-bn bmsXm-cp-hn-[-amb A¶m-ZnIsf DÛ-hn-¸n-¡p-¶-Xn\pw Pe{]-Zm\w aqew AJn-e-t¯bpw Xr]vXn-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶-Xn-\pÅ iànbpw \£{X-§-fn AXm-bXv kqcy³, N{µ³, XmcmK-W-§Ä Ch-bn ImW- s¸- Sp¶ {]Imi§fpw enwK- ¯n \ne-\n¡p¶ k´m-t\m- e]m-Z-\-i- ànbpw hocy-cq-]-¯n v c£bpw B\-µhpw \ÂIp-¶-Xn-\pÅ iànbpw AXpt]mse BIm-i-¯n FÃm-¯n-s\bpw \ne-\nÀ¯p¶ iànbpw kÀÆ hym]-IXz-¯n-sâbpw A§s\ FÃm {]Im-c-¯n-ep-apÅ iànbpw ]c-ta-iz-csâ ANn-´yhpw A]m-chp-amb iàn-bpsS GtXm Hcw-i-¯nsâ {]kv^pcWw am{X-am-Ip-¶p. Ch-sbÃmw I­v a\p-jy³ kÀÆ{X GI-\mb ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ hym]-I-X-bpsS clkyw a\-Ênem- ¡-Ww. kw_\v[w þ C\n hnhn[ `mh-§-tfm-Sp-IqSn \S-¯-s¸-Sp¶ D]m-k-\IfpsS ^e-k-ln-X-amb hÀ®\w \S-¯-s¸-Sp-¶pþ

XXv {]Xn-jvtT-Xyp-]m-ko-X. {]Xn-jvTm-h m³ `hXn. X·l CXyp-] m- k o-X . alm³ `h- X n. X·\ CXyp-]mkoX . am\-hm³ `h-X n. X¶a CXyp-] mko-X. \ayt´kvs sa Imamx. XZv {_tÒ-Xyp-]mko-X. {_Ò-hm³ `h-Xn. XZv {_ÒWx ]cn-ac CXyp]m-ko-X. ]tcyWw {anbt´ Zznj´x k]Xv\mx. ]cn tb{]nbm {`mXr-hymx.
Cu a{´¯n kIm-tam-]m- k-\-bpsS `n¶-§-fmb ^e§sf hnh-cn-¡p-¶p. {]XnjvT B{K-ln-¡p¶ ]pcp-j³ Xsâ D]m-ky-tZ-hsâ {]Xn-jvT-bpsS cq]-¯n D]m-k\ \S-¯-s«. AXm-bXv "B D]m-ky-tZ-h³ Xs¶ FÃm-¯nsâbpw {]XnjvT þ AJn-e-¯n-sâbpw B[mcw' BIp-¶p. Cu `mh\tbm- Sp-Iq-Sn At±-ls¯ Nn´n-¡-s«. temI- ¯n A§-s\-bpÅ D]m-k-I\v {]XnjvT e`n-¡p-¶p. alXzw {]m]n-¡p-¶-Xn-\p-th­n Xsâ D]m-ky-tZ-hs\ "alm³' F¶p IcpXn At±-ls¯ D]m-kn-¡p¶p F¦n Ah³ alm-\m-bn-¯o-cp-¶p, al-Xzs¯ {]m]n-¡p-¶p. Xsâ D]mky-tZ-hs\ alm³ a\kzn F¶p IcpXn a\\iàn {]m]n-

¡p-¶-Xn-\p-th­n AXns\ D]m-kn-¡p¶p F¦n B D]mk-I³ \\w sN¿p-¶-Xn-\pÅ hnti-j-i-ànsb {]m]n-¡p¶p. C{]-Imcw bmsXm-cp-¯³ Xsâ D]m-ky-tZ-h-Xsb \akv¡m-c-tbm-Ky-\mb iànim-en-bmbn¡cpXn A§-s\bpÅ iàn {]m]n-¡p-¶-Xn-\p-th­n At±-ls¯ D]m-kn¡p¶p F¦n Ah³ kzbw \a-k¡m-c-tbm-Ky-\m-bn-¯ov cp-¶p. FÃm A`nemj§fpw ssIIq¸n Ahsâ ap¼n \n¡p-¶p. FÃm t`mK§fpw kzb-ambn Ahsâ Nc-W§-fn ]Xn-¡p-¶p. A\m-bm-k-am-bn-¯s¶ FÃm t`mK-hkvXp- ¡fpw Ah\p e`y-am-Ip-¶p. bmsXm- cp- ¯³ Xsâ D]mky-tZ-hs\ Gähpw henb kÀÆm-[m-c-amb {_Òw F¶p IcpXn AXns\ {]m]n- ¡p- ¶- Xn-\p-th­n D]m- k\ \S-¯p¶p F¦n Ah³ {_Ò-Úm-\n-bm-bn-¯o-cp-¶p, AXm-bXv kÀÆ-i-àn-am-\mb ]c-ta-iz-c³ Ahsâ kz´-am-bn-¯o-cp¶p. Ah-¶-[o- \- ambn `hn- ¡p-¶p. bmsXmcp¯³ Xsâ D]mky-tZ-h-Xsb {_Òw-h-gn-bmbn FÃm-¯n-t\bpw kwl-cn-¡W-sa¶p \nÝ- bn-¡-s¸« A[n- Im-cn- tZ- h³ F¶p IcpXn D]mkn-¡p-I-bm-sW-¦n Ah-t\mSp hntZz-j-apÅ FÃm i{Xp¡fpw kzbw \in-¡p-¶p. AXp-t]mse bmsXm-cp-¯³ Ahsâ A]-Im-cn-Ifpw A{]n-bcp-amb _Ôp-¡Ä Bbncn-¡p-¶p-htem Ahcpw \in-¨p-t]m-Ip-¶p. hmkvX-h¯n GsX-¦nepw cq]-¯n GsX-¦nepw D]m-ky-tZ-h-Xsb D]mkn-¡p-Ibm-sW-¦n AXv {]Im-cm-´-c-ambn ]c-{_Ò ]cta-iz-csâ D]m-k-\-X-s¶-bm-Ip-¶p. F¶m kIm-a-cmb a\p-jyÀ AÚm-\him Cu clkyw {Kln-¡m-Xn-cn-¡p¶-Xp-Im-cWw `n¶-`n-¶-i-àn-I-fm bpà-amb `n¶ `n¶ tZh-X-I-fpsS `n¶-`n¶ A`n-em-j§-fp-sS-kn-²n-¡p-th-­n D]m-k \ \S¯ns¡m­n-c n-¡ p-¶ p. AXn-\ m AhÀ bYmÀ°-Kp-W- §-fm h©n- X-cm-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. AXp- sIm­v a\p-jyÀ Cu clkyw \¶mbn {Kln¨v AJn-e-tZ-h-·m-cptSbpw tZh-\mb kÀÆ-i-àn-am-\mb ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ D]mk\ At±-ls¯ ¯s¶ {]m]n-¡p-¶- Xn-\p-th­n sN¿-s«. At±-l-¯nÂ\n¶pw asäm¶pw B{K-ln-¡-cp-Xv. kw_Ôw þ GI\mb ]c-am-ßmhv kÀÆ{X ]cn-]qÀ®-\mIp-¶p. C¡mcyw {Kln¨v At±-ls¯ {]m]n-¡p-¶-Xp-sIm­pÅ ^ehpw {]m]n-¡p-¶-h-cpsS ØnXnbpw hÀ®n-¡p¶p.

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k bÝmbw ]pcptj bÝm-k m- h m-ZntXy k GIx. k b Ghw-hn-Xv. Akvam-tÃm-I m-X vt{]-Xy. GXa ¶a-b -am-ß m\ap]-k w-{I-ay. GXw {]mW-ab-XvZ-a-\-ap-]-kw-{I-ay. GXw at\m-a-b-am-ßm\ ap]kw-{I-ay. GXw hnÚm- \ -a -b - am- ß m\ ap]wkw {Iay. GX-am-\-µ-ab amßm\ ap]-kw-{I-ay. CamwtÃm-Im³Im-am¶o Ima-cq]y \pkw-Nc³. GXvkmXa Kmb-¶m-kvtX.
GsXmcp ]c-am-ßm-hns\ krjvSn-ØnXn kwlm-c-§fpsS Imc-W-ambn apt¶ hÀ®n¨p Ign-ªn-cn-¡p-¶pthm bmsXm-c p- ¯ ³ ]c- a m- \ -µ -k z- c q- ] -\ m-b n-c n-¡ p-¶ p-thm,

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amb Ahybw BIp-¶p. B alm-]p-cp-j³ ]d-bp-¶p. CXp v \nepw H¶p-X- s¶- bm-Ip-¶p. AXm-bXv FÃm Pohn-I-fnepw hfsc BÝ-cy-I- c- amb kwK- Xn- bm- Ip-¶p. FÃm t`mK- h- kXpA´- cym- an- bmbn hncm- Pn-¡p- ¶Xv Htc Hcp ]c- am-ßmhp Xs¶- ¡fpw Ahsb A\p-`-hn-¡p¶ Pohm-ßmhpw Ch c­nbm-Ip-¶p. hnhn-[-cq-]-§-fn At±-l¯nsâ {]Im-i\w t\bpw kwtbm-Pn-¸n-¡p¶ ]c-ta-iz-c\pw Rm³ Xs¶-bmkw`-hn-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. bmsXmcp a\p-jy³ Cu XXzw Ip-¶p. Rm³ Xs¶ Cu {]Xy-£-ambn ImW-s¸-Sp¶ PK\¶mbn {Kln- ¡p- ¶pthm Ah³ hÀ¯-am\ ico- cs¯ Dt]- ¯n tZh-X-IÄ¡pw ap¼mbn FÃm-¯nepw {][m-\-ambn £n-¡p-¶-Xn-\p-taÂ, A¶-ab Bßm-hv, {]mW-a-b-B-ßm- {]Xy£amb {_Òhpw BIp-¶p. ]c-am-\-µkz-cq-]-amb hv, at\m-ab Bßm-hv, hnÚm-\ab Bß-hv, B\-µab A ar- X - ¯ nsâ tI{µ- a mb ]c- { _- Ò - ] - c - t ai zc\pw Bßmhv F¶o \ma-§-fm B ]c-am-\-µ-kz-cq-]-amb ]c- F¶nÂ\n¶pw `n¶- \m-bn-cn-¡p- ¶n-Ã. AXn-\m At±-lhpw {_-Òs¯ {]m]n-¡p-¶p. Ch-sbÃmw {]m]n-¨n«v AXm-bXv Rm³ Xs¶-bm-Ip-¶p. bmsXm-cp-¯³ GsX-¦nepw hkvXpØqe-kq-£va-t`-Z-§-tfm-Sp-IqSn bmsXm¶v H¶nsâ A´- hnsâ cq]-¯n Fs¶ BÀs¡-¦nepw {]Zm\w sN¿pcm-ßm-hm-bn«v \m\m-cq-]-¯n ØnXn-sN-¿p-Ibpw AJn- e- ¶pthm Ah³ Fs¶ sImSp-¯p-sIm-­p-Xs¶ Fs¶ ¯n- sâbpw A´-cym-an-bmbn ]a-cm-\-µ-kz-cq-]a m-bn-cn-¡p- c£n-¡p-¶p. AXm-bXv k ]m{X- ¯n-epÅ t`mKy-]-ZmÀ°¶pthm At±-ls¯ {]m]n-¨n«v a\p- jyÀ ]cym-]vX-amb t`mK- §- fpsS Zm\w- Xs¶ At±-ls¯ c£n-¡p- hm\pÅ kÀtÆmkm- a-{Kn-I-fm bpàcpw CÑm-\p-k-c-W- apÅ cq]-§sf [cn- ¯-a-amb amÀ¤w CXn\p hn]-co-X-ambn bmsXm-cp-¯³ X\n¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ iàn-bm k¼-¶cpw Bbn-¯o-cp-¶p. ¡p-th-­n-¯s¶ A¶- cq-]-§-fmb FÃm hkvXp-¡-tfbpw AtXm-Sp-Iq-Sn-¯s¶ Cu temI-§-fn Npän-Ê©-cn-¨p- A\p`hn¡p-¶p-hthm Ahs\ Rm³ A¶-cq-]-am-bn«p hngpsIm­v ka-Xm-bp-à-amb `mh§tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb kma-Km\w §p-¶p. AXm-bXv Ahsâ hn\mi kw`-h n-¡ p¶p þ Ahsâ t`mK- h- kvXp- ¡Ä \ne- \n¡p- ¶n- Ã. Rm³ kakvX Be-]n-¨p-sIm­p hkn-¡p-¶p. {_Òm-WvU-t¯bpw Xnc-kvIcn-¡p-¶-h-\m-Ip-¶p. Fsâ kw_Ôw þ Ahsâ B\-µ-a-á-amb a\-Ên bmsXm¶v aln-a-bpsS Xpe-\¯n Ch-sbÃmw XpÑ-§-fm-Ip-¶p. ka-X-bp-tSbpw kÀÆ-cq-]-X-bp-tSbpw `mhw DWÀ¯n-s¡mFsâ {]Im-i-¯nsâ tei-am-{X-amb Hcp _nµp kqcy\p ­n-cn-¡p-¶pthm AXns\ hÀ®n-¡p-¶p. Xpey-am-Ip-¶p. AXm-bXv {]]-©-¯n {]Im-i-bp-à-§lmhp lmhp lmhp. Al-a-¶-a-l-a-¶-a-l-a-¶w. fmb F{Xtbm hkvXp-¡-fp-­v. Ah-sbÃmw Xs¶ Fsâ Al-a-¶mtZmla-¶mtZmlav\m-Zx. Alw tÇmI- tXP-Ênsâ Awi-am-Ip-¶p. bmsXm-cp¯³ C{]-Imcw ]cIr-Zlw tÇmI-Ir-Zlw tÇmI-Ir-Xv. Al-akvan {]Y- am-ß- X-Xzs¯ {Kln-¡p-¶pthm Ah\pw CtX ØnXn-Xs¶ aPm EXmky. ]qÀÆw tZtht`ymarXky \m`m-bn. {]m]n-¡p-¶p.

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tbm am ZZmXn k CtZ-h-am-hmx. Al-a-¶-a¶ aZ-´am-Zva n. Alw hnizw `ph\ a`y-` -hmw. kphÀ® tPymXox. b Ghw thZw CXyp-]-\n-j-Xv.
B alm-]p-cp-jsâ ØnXn ico-c-¯n- em-bn-cn-¡p-¶n- Ã. Ah³ ico-c-¯n \n¶pw Gähpw apI-fn-em-bp-bÀ¶v ]cam-ßm-hns\ {]m]n-¡p-¶p. C¡mcyw BZy-ambn ]d-ªn«v AXn- \ p- t ijw Cu kma- K m- \ s¯ hÀ®n- ¡ p- ¶ p. CXnÂ\n¶pw ]c-am-ßm-hn-t\m-Sp-IqSn sFIyw {]m]n-¨p-Ignª alm-]p-cp-jsâ Cu ]mh-t\m-ZvKmcw Ahsâ hnip²-amb A´x-Ic-W-¯n \n¶pw ]pd-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶Xpw AXnsâ Aeu-InI aln-asb kqNn-¸n-¡p-¶ -X p-amWv F¶Xv {]I-S-am-Ip-¶p. "lmhp' F¶ ]Zw BÝ-cy-tZym-X- I-

im´n-] mTw
Hmw iw t\m an{Xx iw hcp-Wx. iw t\m `h-Xzcy-am. iw \ Ct{µm _rl-kv]-Xnx. iw t\m hnjvWpcp- c p- { I- a x. \tam {_Ò- t W. \akv t X hmtbm Xzmtah {]Xy£w {_Òm-hm-Zn-j w. EX-a-hmZnjw. kXy-a-h m-Zn-j w. X·m-am-h o-X v. XZz-à mc amho-X v. Bho·mw Bho-Zz-àm-cw. Hmw im´nx! im´nx !! im´nx !!!
CXnsâ AÀ°w in£m-h-Ãn-bpsS ZzmZ- im- \p- hm- I-¯n sImSp-¯n-«p-­v.

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im´n-] mTw

tizXm-iz-Xtcm-]\n-j¯v -

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Hmw kl \mh-h-Xp. kl \u `p\-àp. kl hocyw Ic-hm-h-ssl. tXP-kzn-\m-h-[o-X-a-kvXp. am hnZznjm hssl. Hmw im´nx ! im´nx !! im´nx !!!
tl ]c-am-ß³! Kpcp-in-j y-· m-c mb R§Ä c­pt]À¡pw FÃm-{]-Im-c-¯n-e p-apÅ kwc-£Ww A§p \ÂIn-bm-epw. R§Ä c­p-t]-cp-tSbpw ]cn-]m-e\w A§p kap-Nn-X-a mb coXn-bn \S-¯n- bm-epw. R§Ä c­pt]À¡pw FÃm-hn-[-¯n-ep-apÅ _ew kwkn-²-am-I-tW. A²y-b\w \S-¯n-bn-«pÅ R§-fpsS hnZy tXPx-]qÀ®ambn `hn-¡-tW. Hcn-¡epw BtcmSpw hnZy-bn ]cm-Pn-Xcm-Im-sXbpw Pohn-X-Imew apgp-h³ ]c-k]-c-kt\-l-kq-{Xv v ¯m _Ôn- X- cmbpw R§Ä hkn-¡-tW. R§Ä¡p ]ckv]-ctam A\y-cm-bn-«p-Å-h-tcmtSm Hcn-¡epw hntZzjw D­m-Im-Xn-cn-¡-tW. tl ]c-am-ß³. aq¶p-Xm-]-§Ä¡pw im´n-bp-­m-¡tW!

ØnXn-sN-bXn-cp¶p? \½psS ]c-a-amb B{ibw BcmWv? v AXp-t]mse \½psS A[n-jvTm-Xmhv þ \ap¡pÅ hyhØIsfÃmw sNbvXp-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶Xv þ Bcv? bmsXm-cp¯-\m cNn-¡-s¸« hyh-ØIf\p-k-cn¨v \½sfÃmw kpJ-ZpxJ§f-\p-`hn-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. A§s\ Cu k¼qÀ® PK-¯nsâ kphy-hØ-IÄ sNbvXp-sIm­v CXns\ \bn-¨ p-s Im-­ n-c n- ¡ p¶ CXnsâ bP-a m- \ ³ BcmWv?

2. Imex kz`mthm \nb-XnÀb-ZrÑm `qXm\n tbm\nx ]pcpj CXn Nn´ym kwtbmK Gjmw \ Xzmß `mhmþ Zmßm-]y-\oix kpJZpxJ-tl-tXmx.

thZ-im-k{X- §-fn At\Iw Imc-W-§Ä hÀ®n-¨n-cnv ¡p¶p F¶v AhÀ ]d-bp-hm³ XpS-§ n. Nne-bn-S¯v Imes¯ Imc-W-ambn ]d-ªn-cn-¡p-¶p. F´p-sIm-s­¶m Hmtcmtcm ka-b-§-fn-embn hkvXp-¡-fpsS DÛhs¯ I­p- sIm- ­n- cn-¡p- ¶p. Nne- bn-S¯v kz`mhs¯ ImcW-ambn ]d-bp¶p; F´p-sIm-s­-¶m _oP-¯n-\-\p-k-cW-am-b n-¯ s¶ hr£-¯ nsâ D¸-¯ n-b p-­ m-Ip-¶p. {]Y-a m-² ymbw bmsXmcp hkvXp-hn bmsXm¶v kzm`m-hn-I-i-àn-bm-bn-cn¡p-¶pthm AXnÂ\n¶pw AXnsâ Imcyhpw DÛ-hn-¡plcnx Hmw {_Ò-hm-Znt\m hZ-´nþ ¶-Xm-bn-¡-­p-h-cp-¶p. AXn-\m hkvXp-K-X-amb iàn1. Inw ImcWw {_Ò IpXxkva PmXm cq]w bmsXmcp kz`m-h-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm AXp-Im-c-WamPohma tI\ Iz N kw{]-XnjvTmx Ip¶p F¶v hyà-am-Ip-¶p. Nne-bn-S¯p IÀ½s¯ ImcW-ambn ]d-bp-¶p. F´p-sIm-s­-¶m IÀ½m-\p-k-c-W-amA[n-jvTnXmx tI\ kptJ-X-tc-jp bn-¯s¶ Pohn-IÄ `n¶-§-fmb tbm\nIfn `n¶- §-fmb hÀ¯m-atl {_Ò-hntZm hyhØmw. kz`m-hm-Zn-I-fm bpà-cmbn P\n-¡p-¶p. Nne-bn-S¯v BI"lcnx Hmw' C{]-Imcw ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ \mtam-¨m-c-W- kvanI kw`-h-§sf AXm-bXp hn[nsb Imc-W-ambn ]dt¯mSpw B ]c-{_-Ò-]c-ta-iz-csâ kvac-W-tbmSpw IqSn ªn-cn-¡p-¶p. Nne-bn-S¯p ]©-a-lm-`qX§tfbpw Nne-bnD]-\n-j¯v Bcw-`n-¡p¶p þ S¯p Pohm-ßm-hn-s\bpw PK-¯nsâ Imc-W-ambn hÀ®n]c-{_Ò ]c-am-ßm-hns\ Adn-bp-¶-Xn\pw {]m]n-¡p-¶- ¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. AXn-\m CXnsâ ImcWw BcmWv F¶p Xn-\pw-th­n At±- l- s¯- ¸än NÀ¨ sNbvXp-sIm- ­n-cn-¡p¶ \ap¡p Nn´n-¡-Ww. Nn´n-¨- XnÂ\n¶pw a\-Ên-em-¡p-hm³ Ipd¨p PnPvRmkp-¡Ä ]c-k]cw ]d-bp-hm³ XpS§n: "" km[n- ¡p- ¶Xv Imew apX ]©- a- lm-`q- X- §Ä hsc ]d- ªnv AÃtbm thZ-Ú-cmb alÀjn-am-tc, Cu kakvX PK-¯n- cn-¡p¶ PU-]-ZmÀ°-§-sfm¶pw PK-¯nsâ Imc-W-am-Ipsâbpw ImcWw {_Ò-amsW¦n B {_lvaw GXmWv? ¶n-sÃ-¶m-Wv. AhÀ¡p {]tXyIw {]tXy-Iamtbm Iq«amtbm PK-¯nsâ Imc-W-am-Ip-hm³ km[y-a-Ã. F´p-sIm\½-s fÃmw BcnÂ\n¶pw DXv` hn¨p? \½psS aqew F´mWv? BcpsS {]`mhw sIm­v \mw Pohn-¨n-cn-¡p¶p? s­-¶m Ch-sbÃmw PU-h-kvXp-¡-fm-b-Xp-aqew tNX\½psS Pohsâ B[mcw Bcm-Ip¶p? \½psS ]qÀ®- \¡[o\-am-Ip-¶p. Ch-bn kzX-{´- ambn {]hÀ¯n- ¡p-¶- v ØnXn F´n-emWv? AXm-bXv \mw Pohn-¡p-¶-Xn-\p-ap¼v þ Xn-\pÅ iàn-bn-Ã. bmsXmcp PU-hkXp¡fpsS kwtbmK-¯nÂ\n¶pw ]pXn-b-Xmbn Hcp hkvXp D­m-Ip-¶pthm `qX-Im-e¯n DÛ-hn-¨-Xn-\p-tijw þ hÀ¯-am-\-Im-e¯nepw AXn-\p-ti-jhpw þ {]f-b-Im-e -¯n Bcn AXv AXnsâ k©m-e-I-tN-\-X- bmb Bßm-hnsâ Xs¶

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K I A[o-\-¯n-ep-ÅXpw A\p-`-hn-¡m-\p-Å-Xp-am-Ip-¶p. CXn-s\- aqetam B[m-ctam BIp-¶p. N{I-¯nsâ kpc£nX-Xz-¯n\p-th­n AXn-t·Â teml-h-fbw Dd-¸n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶-Xpt]mse Cu Ahy-à-{]-Ir-Xn-cq-]-am-Ip¶ hf-b-¯n-t·Â kXzw, cPÊv XaÊv þ Cu aq¶p KpW-§Ä Xs¶ aq¶p hf-b-§-f m-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. `K-hmsâ ANn-´y-iàn aq¶p KpW-§-fm ad- bv¡-s¸-«n- cn- ¡p¶p F¶v t\cs¯ ]d-ªpI-gn-ªn-cn-¡p-¶p. N{I-¯nsâ hfbw {]tXyIw {]tXyIw kw_Ôw þ C{]- Imcw Nn´n-¨n«v AhÀ F´p-Xo-cp-am- \n¨p? `mK-§-fmbn tNÀ¡-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶-Xp-t]m-se-Xs¶ kwkm-cCtX-¸än ]d-bp¶p þ cq]am-Ip¶ N{I-¯nsâ {]Ir-Xn-cq-]-am-Ip¶ hf-b-¯n 3. tX [ym\-tbm-Km-\p-KXm A]-iy³ a\-Êv, _p²n, Al¦mcw, AXp-t]mse BIm-iw, hmbp, tXP-Êv, Pew, `qan þ F¶o F«p kq£va-X-Xz-§fpw ChtZhm-ß-iànw kzKp-ssWÀ \nÀKpVmw bp-sS-Xs¶ F«p Øqe-cq-]-§fpw þ C{]-Imcw ]Xn-\m-dp-`mbx Imc-Wm\n \nJn-em\n Xm\n K-§-fp-­v. AXp-t]m-se-Xs¶ F{]-Imcw N{I-¯n ImepImem- ßbpàm\y[nXn-j vT-tXy-Ix. IÄ LSn-¸n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶pthm AXm-bXv bmsXm¶v Hcp `mKC{]-Imcw Nn´n-¨Xn-\p-ti-jhpw bpàn-bmepw A\p- ¯p-\n¶v hf-b-¯nsâ Hcp `mK¯p LSn-¸n-¡p-Ibpw adpam-\-¯mepw AhÀ¡v Hcp Xocp-am-\¯n-se-¯n-¨-cp-hm³ `mKw N{I-¯nsâ IpS-¯n LSn-¸n-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXn-cnkm[n-¡msX h¶-t¸mÄ Ah-scÃmw [ym\-tbm-K-¯n ¡p-¶p-hthm AtX- {]-Im-cw-Xs¶ Cu kwkm-c-N-{I-¯n ØnX-cmbn AXm-bXv X§-fpsS a\-Ên-t\bpw C{µn-b§- A´x-Ic-W-¯nsâ hr¯n- I- fm-Ip¶ A³]-Xn-\-§Ä¡p tfbpw _mly-hn-j-b-§-fn \n¶pw ]n·män ]c-{_-Òs¯ A³]Xp Imep-I-fpsS Øm\-§fpw ]©-a-lm-`q-X-§-fpsS Adn-bp-¶-Xn\v At±-l-s¯- ¯s¶ Nn´n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶-Xn Imcyw þ ]¯n-{µn-b-§fpw ]©hn-j-b-§fpw ]©{]mX¸- c-cm- bn- ¯oÀ¶p. [ym\n¨p [ym\n¨v AhÀ¡v ]c-am-ßm- W\pw þ Cu Ccp-]Xp klm-b-Im-ep-IfpsS Øm\-§fpw hnsâ aln-a-bpsS A\p-`hw D­m-bn. AhÀ ]c-a-tZ-h-\mb BIp-¶p. Cu N{I-¯n Fs««p hoX-apÅ km[-\-§-tfm]c-{_Ò ]c-ta-iz-csâ kzcq-]-`q-X-amb ANn-´y-Znhyiàn- Sp-Iq-Snb Bdp kaq-l-§Ä Ah-b-h-cq-]-¯n hncm-Pn-¡pbpsS km£m-Xv¡mcw {]m]n-¨p. bmsXm¶v X³tdXmb ¶p. Ch Bsd«v F¶ t]cn hnfn-¡-s¸-Sp-¶p. Pohn-Isf KpW-§-fm kXz-c-Pkv Xa-Êp-I-fm ad-bs¸-«n-cn-¡p- Cu N{I-¯n _Ôn-¨n-Sp-¶-Xmbn At\-Icq-]-¯n {]I¶pthm AXm-bXv ImgvNbv¡p {XnKp-Wam-bn-«m-sW¦nepw S-am-Ip¶ Bk-àn-cq-]-¯n- epÅ Hcp Xq¡p-a-c-ap-­v. tZhhmkvX-h-¯n {XnKp-W§Ä¡pw AXo-X-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. bm- \w, ]nXr-bm- \w, Cu temI-¯n Hcp tbm\nbn \n¶pw At¸mÄ AhÀ Imew apX Bßm-hp-hsc F{Xtbm Imc- asämcp tbm\n-bn-te¡p t]mIp-¶-Xn-\pÅ amÀ¤w C{]-Im-cW-§Ä ap³]p ]d-ªn-cp-¶p-thm, B FÃm Imc-W-§-fp- apÅ aq¶p-amÀ¤-§-fp-­v. ]pWy-IÀ½-§fpw ]m]-IÀ½tSbpw A[n-jvTm- Xmhp bmsXm-cp-¯-\m-Ip-¶pthm AXm-bXv §fpw Cu Pohn-Isf Cu N{It¯m-Sp-IqSn Id-¡p-¶-XnAh- sbÃmw BcpsS BÚbpw t{]c- Wbpw aqew bmsXm- \pÅ \nan-¯-§fpw AXn Imep-IÄ Dd-¨p-\n¡p¶ cp-¯sâ iàn-bpsS GtXm Aev]mwiw sIm­v Xm´m- \m`n AYhm IpSw AÚm-\hpw BIp-¶p. Cu IpSw N{I§-fpsS IÀ½- §-sf A\p-jTn-¡p-¶-Xn kaÀ°-cm-bn-cn- ¯nsâ tI{µ-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶-Xp-t]m-se-Xs¶ AÚm\w Cu v ¡p-¶pthm B GI-kÀÆ-i-àn-am-\mb ]c-ta-iz-c³Xs¶ temI-¯nsâ tI{µhpw BIp-¶p. Cu PK-¯nsâ hmkvX-hnI Imc-W-am-Ip-¶p. aäp bmsXm5. ]©-kvtdmtXmw_pw ]©-tbm-\y-{K-h{Imw cp-¯-\p-aà F¶pÅ Xocp-am-\-¯n Ah-sc-¯n-t¨À¶p. ¡q-SmsX ]pcp-j³ AXm-bXv Pohm-ßmhv PK-¯nsâ ImcW-am-Ip-¶n- Ã. F´p-sIm-s­-¶m AXp kpJ-Zpx-J-§-fpsS tlXp-`q-X-§- fmb {]mc- _v[§Ä¡[o- \- am- Wv. AXn\pw kzX{´-ambn H¶pw sN¿p-hm³ Ign-bp-¶n-Ã. AXn-\m ImcW-XXzw asät´m BWv.

Cu a{´-¯n kwkm-cs¯ \Zn-bpsS cq]-¯n hÀ®n-¨n- cn-¡p-¶p. {_Ò- Úm-\n-I-fmb B alÀjn-amÀ ]dCu a{´-¯n hnizs¯ N{I-cq-]¯n hÀ®n-¨n-cn- bp¶p þ A©p Úmt\-{µn-b-§fm-Ip¶ t{kmX-tÊm-Sp-Iq¡p-¶p. ]c-{_-Ò-]-c-ta-iz-csâ kzcq-]-`q-X- amb ANn-´y-i- Snb \Znsb R§Ä I­p- sIm- ­n-cn-¡p-¶p. {]]-©-¯nsâ ànsb ZÀin-¨n-«pÅ Ejn-amÀ ]d-bp¶p þ R§Ä Hcp h-f- PvRm\w A©p Úmt\-{µnb§Ä h-gn-bmbn R§Ä¡p b-¯n Dd-¸n-¨n-cn-¡p¶ N{Is¯ I­p. Cu hf-b-¯n e`n-¡p-¶p. Ch-bnÂIq-Sn-¯s¶ {]]©w {]h-ln-¨p-sImB N{I-¯ nsâ Imep-I fw IShpw Dd-¸ n-¡ p-h m\pw ­n-cn-¡p-¶p. AXn-\m C{µnb§sf ChnsS t{kmXÊv N{Is¯ bYm-Øm-\¯p LSn-¸n-¡p-hm\pw km[n-¡p-¶p. F¶p ]d-bp-¶p. Cu C{µ-b§Ä A©p kq£va`qX-§ChnsS Ahy-à {]Ir-Xnsb hfbw F¶p ]d-bp¶p; F´p- fm \nÀ½n-¡-s¸-«-h-bm-Wv. CXn-\m Cu \Zn¡v A©v sIm-s­- ¶m AXp-Xs¶ Cu hyà-amb {]]-©-¯nsâ DZvK-a-Øm-\-§Ä Ds­¶p Icp-X-s¸-Sp-¶p. Cu \Zn-bpsS

4. Xta-I-t\aow {XnhrXw tjmUim´w iXmÀ[mcw hnwi-Xn-{]-Xy-cm-`nx. AjvS ssIx jUv`nÀhn-iz-cq-ss]-I]miw {XnamÀK-t`Zw Zzna-\n-an-ss¯-I-tam-lw.

]©-{]m-tWmÀanw ]©-_p-²ym-Zn-aqemw ]©m-hÀ¯mw ]©-Z px-Ju-L-thKmw ]©m-iZvt`Zmw ]©]ÀÆm-a-[o-ax.

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I {]hmlw hfsc `b-¦-c-am-Ip-¶p. Cu {]hm-l¯n ]Xn-

§Ä¡\p-k-c- W- ambn B ]c- am- ßm- hn-\m Id- ¡- s¸- «p- sIm¡p-¶-Xp-sIm­p IqsS-¡qsS P\-\-a-c-W-t¢-i-§sf A\p- ­n- cn-¡p-¶-Xp-am-Ip-¶p. Cu Pohm-ßmhv Xsâ k©m-e- I\p `-hn-t¡­n hcp-¶p. temI-¯nsâ KXn Gähpw h{I-X-tbm- a\-Ên-em¡n At±-l-¯nsâ Ir]m-]m-{X-am-bn-¯o-cm-Xn-cn-¡pSp-Iq-Sn-b-XmWv; Im]-Sy-§Ä \ndªXm-Wv. CXnÂ\n¶pw ¶-Xp-hscbpw Xs¶-¯s¶ At±-l-¯nsâ {]nb-\m-¡nc£-s¸-SpI hfsc {]bm-k-ta-dnb Imcy-am-Wv. AXn-\m ¯oÀ¡p-¶-Xp-h-scbpw CXn\v Cu N{I-¯n \n¶pw Cu kwkm-c-cq-]am-Ip¶ \Znsb h{IX F¶p ]d-bp-¶p. tamN\w t\Sp-h m³ km[-¡ p-¶ n-à . Cu Pohm-ß mhv {]]-©-Po-hn-I-fn kw`-hn-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡¶ tNjvSIfpw Xsâbpw FÃm-¯n-tâbpw t{]c-I-\mb ]c-am-ßmhns\ Ne-\ -§ fpw {]mW³aqew kw`-hn-¡p-¶ p. AXn-\m \¶mbpw {]tXyIw {]tXy- I-ambpw a\-Ên-em- ¡p- Ibpw At±- {]mWs\ `h-k-cn-¯nsâ Xcw-K-am-e-I-tfm-Sp-]- an-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. l-¯nsâ Id-¡ÂsIm­v Rm³ Cu kwkm-cN{I-¯n \Zn-bnse tImfn-f¡w Xcw-K-§-fm kw`-hn-¡p-¶p. ]©- Id-§n-s¡m-­n-cn-¡p¶p F¶pw At±-l-¯nsâ Ir]-bm Úm-t\-{µnbZzmcm kw`-hn-¡ p¶ Nm£pjmZn A©p Xs¶ tamNn-¡-s¸-Sp-hm³ km[n-¡p-sa¶pw a\-Ên-em-¡p{]Imc§fn-epÅ Úm\-§-fp-tSbpw BZn-Im-cWw a\-Êm- Ibpw sN¿pt¼mÄ ]c-ta-iz-csâ {]nb-\m-bn«v At±-lIp-¶p. FÃm Úm\-§fpw a\-Ênsâ hr¯n-IÄ Xs¶- ¯m kzoIm- cy- \mbn `hn-¡p-¶p. ]ns¶ Aa- c- Xzs¯ {]m]nbm-Ip-¶p. a\-Êp-­m-bn-cn-¡p-¶n-sÃ-¦n C{µ-b-§Ä F{X- ¡p-I bpw P\-\-a -c -W-c q-] -am-Ip¶ kwkm-c-N -{I-¯n v am{Xw {ian-¨mepw bmsXm-cp- hn-[-¯n- ep-apÅ Úm\w {]m]n- \n¶pw Fs¶-t¶-b¡p-ambn tamN\w t\Sp-Ibpw ]caim ¡p-hm³ km[n-¡p-¶-X- Ã. Cu a\Êv kwkm-c-cq-]-am-Ip¶ ´n-tbbpw AXp-t]m-s e-X s¶ k\m-X -\ -Zn-hy-]-c-a -[ m-a\Zn-bpsS aqe-am-Ip-¶p. a\Êv im´n-bSªm þ \in- s¯bpw {]m]n-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. ¨pIgnªm Cu {]]©¯nsâ AkvXnXzw Cu cq]7. DZvKo-X-ta-XXv ]caw Xp {_Ò ¯n \ne-\n¡p-¶n-Ã. a\Êv \ne-\n¡p-¶-Xp-hsc Xkvanw kv{Xbw kp{]-Xn-jvTm-£cw N. kwkm-c-N{Ihpw \ne-\n¡p-¶p. C{µn-b§-fpsS i_vZw, A{Xm-´cw {_Ò-hntZm hnZnXzm kv]Àiw apX-emb A©p-hn-j-b-§ÄXs¶ Cu kwkm-ccq-]-am-Ip¶ \Zn-bnse Npgn-I-fm-Ip-¶p. CXn AI-s¸«v eo\m {_ÒWn XXv]cm tbm\n-apàmx Pohn-IÄ P\-\a-cW N{I-¯n ]Xn-¡p-¶p. KÀ`-th-Z-\, bmsXm-¶n³sd alna thZ§fn Km\w sN¿-s¸-«n-cnP\-\Zpx-Jw, hmÀ²y-Iy-¯nsâ thZ-\, tcmKw-aq-eapÅ ¡p-¶pthm bmsXmcp ]c-{_Ò ]c-am-ß mhv AJn-e ZpJw, ac-W-`bw þ Cu A©n-\¯n- epÅ ZpxJ-§ÄXs¶ ¯nsâbpw kÀtÆm-¯-a-amb B{ib-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm Cu \Zn-bnse {]hm-l-¯nsâ thK-X-bm-Ip-¶p. Ch-bpsS At±-l-¯n¯s¶ {XntemI§fp-tSbpw kap-Zm-b-cq-]-amXtem-SÂsIm­v Pohn-IÄ hymIp-e-cm-Ip-Ibpw Cu tbm\nIp¶ kakvX hnizhpw kvYnXn-sN-¿p-¶p. At±lw Xs¶ bnÂ\n¶v asämcp tbm\n-bn-te¡v Ae-ªp-\-S-¡p-Ibpw apI-fn ]d-ªn-cn-¡p¶ kI-e-¯n-sâbpw t{]c-I\pw HcnsN¿p-¶p. AÚm-\w, Al¦mcw, cmKw, tZzjw, arXyp¡epw \mi-an-Ãm¯ ]c-am-£- c\pw ]c-a-tZ-h\pw BIp-¶p. `bw þ Cu A©p-hn-[-¯n-epÅ t¢i-§Ä Cu kwkm-c-cqbmsXm-cp-¯³ [ym\-tbm-K- ¯n ØnX- cm-bn«p ]c-am-ßm]-\-Zn-bpsS A©p-hn-`m-K-§ -fm-Ip-¶p. CXp-t]mse Xs¶ hnsâ Znhyiànsb ZÀin-¡p- Ibpw thZ-c-l-kys¯ {KlnA©p-hn-`m-K-§-fn-embn Cu {]]-©hpw hn`-Pn-¡-s¸-«n-cn¡p-I bpw sNbvX n-c p-¶ pthm B alÀjn-a mÀ FÃm¡p-¶p. Cu A©n-sâbpw Iq«w-Xs¶ kwkm-c-¯nsâ ¯n³sdbpw t{]c- I- \mb B ]c-am- ßm- hns\ X§fpsS lrZkzcq-]hpw A´x-Ic-W-¯nsâ A\-]Xp-hr-¯n-IÄ Cu b-§-fn A´-cym-an-bmb cq]-t¯m-Sp-IqSn hncm-Pn-¡p¶p \Zn- b psS A³]Xp cq]- § fpw BIp- ¶ p. A´x- I F¶p a\-Ên-em-¡n, At±-l-¯n Bk-à-cmb At±-lcW¯nsâ hr¯n-Isf FSp-¯p-sIm-­p-Xs¶ kwkm-c¯n eo\-cmbn Fs¶-t¶bv¡pw P·-a-c-W tbm\n-I¯nsâ t`Z-§sf a\-Ên-em-¡p-¶p. fnÂ\n¶pw apà-cm-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. Ah-cpsS amÀ¤s¯ A\p6. kÀhm-PotÆ kÀÆ-kwtØ _rlt´ I-cn¨v \ap-s¡-Ãm-hÀ¡pw Ah-sc-t¸mse P\-\a -c-W§fnÂ\n¶p tamN\w {]m]n-¨n«v ]c- am-ßm-hn eo\- cm- Ip-hm³ Akvan³ lwtkm {`maytX {_Ò-Nt{I Ign-bp-¶p. ]rY-Km-ßm\w t{]cn-Xmcw N aXzm

K

PpjvS -kvX -X -k vtX-\ m-ar-X-Xz-ta-X n.
bmsXm- ¶ ns\ t\cs¯ hÀ®n- ¨ p- I - g n- ª pthm bmsXm¶v AJn- e¯n- sâbpw Poh-\-\nÀÆ-l-W-¯nsâ tlXp-hm-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm bmsXm¶v kakvX Pohn-I-fpsSbpw B{i-b-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶p-thm. A§-s\-bpÅ P-KZv cq]am-Ip¶ {_Ò-N-{I-¯n ]c-{_-Ò-]-c-am-ßm-hn-\m \S-¯s¸-Sp-¶Xpw ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ Xs¶-bmb hncmSv icoc-cq-]am-Ip¶ kwkm-c-N-{I-¯n Cu Pohm-ßmhv Xsâ IÀ½-

kw_Ôw þ C\n B ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ kzcq-]s¯ hÀ®n¨n«v At±-ls¯ Adn-bp-¶-Xp-sIm-­p-­m-Ip¶ ^ew hnhcn-¡p¶p þ

8. kwbp-à-ta-XXv £c-a-£cw N hyàm-hyàw `ctX hniz-aoix A\oiÝmßm _[ytX t`màr-`m-hm-Pvþ ÚmXzm tZhw apNytX kÀÆ-]m-ssix.

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hn\mi kz`m- h- t¯m- S Iq-Snb PU-hÀ¤w `K- hmsâ A]pcm-{]-Ir-Xn-sb¶pw £c-X-Xz-sa¶pw ]d-bs¸-Sp-Ibpw `Khmsâ ]cm-{]-Ir-Xn-cq-]-amb Poh-k-ap-Zmbw A£-c-X-Xz¯nsâ \ma-t¯m-Sp-IqSn hnfn-¡-s¸-Sp-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. Ch c­ntâbpw kwtbm-K-¯nÂ\n-¶p-­mb {]I-Shpw (Øqew) A{]-I-S-hpw (kq-£vaw)-amb cq]-¯n ØnX- amb Cu PK-¯ns\ B ]c-{_Ò ]pcp-tjm-¯-a³ Xs¶ ]cn-]m-en¡p-¶-h\pw kzmanbpw t{]c-I\pw AXp-t]mse FÃm-¯ns\bpw bYmtbmKyw Nen-¸n-¡p-¶-h\pw \nb-{´n-¡p-¶-h\p-amb ]c-ta-iz-c-\m-Ip-¶p. Pohm-ßmhv Cu PK-¯nsâ hnj-b-§-fpsS t`màm-hm-bn-cn-¡-¶-Xp-Im-cWw {]Ir-Xn-¡[o-\-amb CXnsâ taml-Pm-e-§-fn Ipcp-§n-¡-gn-bp-Ibpw ]c-a-tZ-h-\mb ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ t\tc ZrjvSn-bp-bÀ¯m-sXbn-cn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p¶p. Hcp-h³ B kÀÆ kplr-¯mb ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ Assl-Xp-I-amb Zb-bm alm-]p-cp-j-·mcpsS _Ôw e`n-¨n«v At±-ls¯ Adn-bp-¶-Xn-\pÅ A`nem-j-t¯m-Sp-IqSn ]qÀ®-ambn ]cn-{i-an-¡pt¼mÄ B ]c-atZ-h -\ mb ]c-t a- i z- c s\ Adn-ª n«v FÃm _Ô- § fnÂ\n¶pw \nXy-ambn c£s¸-Sp-¶p. kw_Ôw þ ho­pw Pohm-ßmhv, ]c-am-ßm-hv, {]IrXn Cu aq¶n³sdbpw kzcq-]s¯ {]tXyIw {]tXyIw hÀ®n-¨n«v, Cu XXzs¯ {Kln¨v D]m-kn-¡p-¶-Xp-sIm­pÅ ^ew ASp¯ c­p a{´-§-fn-embn hnh-cn-¡p-¶p.

{Kln-¡p-t¼mÄ, FÃm _Ô-§-fnÂ\n¶pwAh³ hnap-à\m-bn-¯o-cp- ¶p.

K

kw_Ôw þ ap³]-d-ªn-cn-¡p¶ a{´- §-fnse aq¶p XXz§-fp-tSbpw hni-Zo-I-cWw ASp¯ a{´- ¯n hyà-am-¡nbn-cn-¡p-¶p.

10. £cw {][m-\-a-ar-Xm-£cw lcx £cm-ßm-\m-ho-itX tZh GIx. Xkym-`n-[ym-\mZv tbmP-\mXv XXz-`m-hmZv `qb-Ýmt´ hniz-am-bm-\n-hr-¯nx.
{]Ir-Xn-bm-Is« £cw AXm-bXv ]cn-hÀ¯-\-t¯m- Sp-IqSn- bXpw hn\m- i-kz-`m-h-t¯m- Sp-Iq-Sn-bXpw BIp-¶p. CXnsâ t`màm-hmb Poh-k-ap-Zmbw Ahn-\m-ikz`mh-t¯m-Sp-IqSnb A£-c-X-Xz-hp-am-Ip-¶p. Cu £chpw A£-chpw (PU-{]-Ir-Xnbpw tNX-\m-Po-h-k-ap-Zm-b-hpw), c­n-s\bpw XXz¯n GI-\mb ]c-a-tZ-h-\mb ]c-ta-iz-c³ `cWw \S-¯p¶p. At±lw Xs¶ {]m]n-¡p-¶-Xn\pw Adn-bp-¶-Xn\pw tbmKy-\m-Ip-¶p. At±-ls¯ XXz-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Sbn {Kln¡Ww þ C{]-Imcw ZrV-\n-Ýbw sNbvXn«v B ]c-am-ßmhns\ \nc- ´cw [ym\n- ¡p- ¶-Xp-sIm-­v, cmhpw ]Iepw At±l-¯nÂXs¶ kwe-á-ambn hkn-¡p-¶-Xp-sIm-­v, At±-l¯n¯s¶ X·-bo- `-hn- ¡p-¶- Xp-sIm-­v, Ah-km\w At±l- s ¯-¯ s¶ {]m]n-¡ p-¶ p. ]ns¶ CXnsâ FÃm ambIÄ¡pw ]qÀ®-amb \nhr-¯n-bp-­m-Ip-¶p. AXm-bXv ambm-a-bamb Cu PK-¯nÂ\n¶pw CXnsâ kw_Ôw ]qÀ®-ambpw hntÑ-Zn-¡-s¸-Sp-¶p. kw_Ôw þ ]c-{_-Òs¯ Adn-bp-¶-Xp-sIm-­pÅ ^ew ho­pw hnh-cn-¡p-¶p.

9. ÚmÚu Zzmhm-ho-i-\o-imþ hPm tlyIm t`màr-t`m-KymÀ°-bp-àm. A\´Ýmßm hniz-cqt]m lyIÀ¯m {Xbw bZm-hn-µtX {_Ò-ta-XXv. Cuiz-c³ kÀÆ-Ú\pw kÀÆ-i-àn-am\pw BIp¶p; Pohn-IÄ Aev]-Úcpw Aev]iàn-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bhcpw BIp-¶p, Ch c­pw AP-·m-¡-fm-Wv. Ch-sb-¡q-SmsX aq¶m-a-sXmcp iànbpw AP-·m-hm-bp-­v. AXns\ {]IrXn- sb¶p ]d-bp- ¶p. CXv t`màm-hmb Pohm-ßm- hn-\p- th­ FÃm t`mKy-]-ZmÀ°-§-tfbpw X¿m- dm-¡n-s¡m-­n-cn- ¡p-¶p. Cu aq¶pw AP-·m-¡-fm-bn-¯-s¶-bn-cn-¡p¶p; A\m-Zn-bmbn-cn-¡p-¶p. F¶n-cp-¶mepw Cuiz-c³ aäp c­p XXz-§tf-bpw-ImÄ t{ijvT-\m-Ip-¶p; F´p-sIm-s­-¶m B ]cam-ßmhv A´- c- ln- X-\m-¡p-¶p. ]qÀ®-amb Cu hnizw At±l-¯nsâ kzcq]w Xs¶- bmWv; hncmSv icocw Xs¶- bm-Ip¶p. At±lw FÃmw {]hÀ¯n-¨p-sIm­v ]qÀ®-P-K-¯nsâ cN-\bpw ]me-\hpw kwlm-chpw \S-¯p-¶p. F¶m hmkv X - h - ¯ n H¶pw Xs¶ sN¿p- ¶ n- à . F ´psIms­¶m At±lw IÀ¯mhv F¶ Al-¦ m- c ¯nÂ\n¶pw cln-X-\m-Ip-¶p. a\p-jy³ C{]-Imcw Cu aq¶n-sâbpw Akm-[m-c-W-Xz-t¯bpw hn`n-¶-X- tbbpw a\Ên-em-¡n-¯s¶ At±-ls¯ {_Ò-cq- ]-¯n {]m]n¨v Cu {]Ir-Xnbpw Pohn-Ifpw Cu ]c-ta-iz-csâ {]Ir-Xnbpw ]cta-iz-c³ Ch-bpsS bP-am-\\pw BsW¶v {]Xy-£-ambn

11. ÚmXzm tZhw kÀÆ-]m-im-]-lm\nx £ossWx t¢ssiÀP-·-arXyp {]lmWnx Xkym`n[ym\mXv XrXobw tZlt`tZ hnssizizcyw tIhe B]vXIm-ax. ]c-a-]p-cp-j-\mb ]c-am-ß m-hns\ [ym\n¨p [ym\n¨p km[-I³ B ]c-a-tZ-hs\ a\-Ên-em-¡pt¼mÄ Ahsâ kakvX _Ô-\§fpw \nXy-ambn kÀÆYm \in-¨p-t]mIp¶p; F´p-sIm-s­-¶m Ahn-Zy, cmKw, Al-¦m-cw, tZzjw-, ac-W-`bw þ Cu A©pt¢-i-§-fp-tSbpw hn\miw kw`-h n-¡ p-¶ -X p-I m-c Ww Ahsâ P\-\ -a -c -W -§ -f psS A`mhw F¶- t¯bv¡pw kw`-hn-¡p-¶p. AXn-\m Ah³ ]n¶o-sSm-cn-¡epw Cu _Ô-\-§-fn AI-s¸-Sp-¶n-Ã. Cu ico-c¯nsâ \miw kw`-hn-¨p-I-gn-ªm Ah³ XrXo-btem-I¯nsâ AXm-bXv kzÀ¤-¯nsâ Gähpw DbÀ¶ Øm\-a mb {_Ò-temIw hsc-b pÅ Gähpw henb sFizcy-§sf XyPn-¨n«v {]Ir-Xn-bnÂ\n¶pw hnbp-àhpw kÀÆYm hnip-²-hp-amb ssIh-ey-]-Zs¯ {]m]n¨v ]qÀ®Im-a-\m-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. Ah\p bmsXm-cp-hn- [-¯n-ep-apÅ A`n-

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I em-j-§Ä D­m-Ip-¶n-Ã. F´p-sIm-­-¶m Ah³ FÃm s
A`n-em-j-§-fp-tSbpw ^ew {]m]n-¨p-I-gn-ªn-cn-¡p-¶p. kw_Ôw þ Adn-bp-hm³ tbmKy-amb XXzs¯ ho­pw hÀ®n-¡p-¶p.

14. kztZ-l-a-cWnw IrXzm {]Whw tNm¯-cm-c- Wnw. [ym\-\nÀa-Y-\m-`ym-kmZv tZhw ]tiy-¶n-Kq-V-h-Xv.

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12. GXPv PvtRbw \nXy-ta-hm-ß-kwØw \mXx ]cw thZn-Xhyw ln InwNn-Xv. t`màm t`mKyw t{]cn-Xmcw N aXzm kÀÆw t{]màw {Xnhn[w {_Ò-ta-XXv. -

Cu ]c-{_Ò ]pcp-tjm-¯-a³ Xsâ Xs¶ lrZ-b¯n A´-cym-an-bmb cq]-¯n hkn-¡p-¶p. CXns\ Adn-bp-¶-Xn\v shfn-bn-se§pw t]mtI-­-Xmb BhiyanÃ. Ct±-ls¯ Adn-bp-¶-Xn\v Ft¸mgpw ]cn-{i-an-¡-Ww. F´p-sIm-s­-¶m Ct±-l-¯n-\p-]-cn-bmbn Adn-bp-¶-Xn\pÅ asämcp hkvXp-hp-an-Ã. Cu GIs¯ Adn-bp-¶-XpsIm-­p-Xs¶ FÃm Úm\§fpw D­m-Ip-¶p. Ct±lw Xs¶ FÃm-¯n-sâbpw Imc- Whpw ]c- am- [m-chpw BIp-¶p. 15. Xntejp ssXew Z[-\oh kÀ¸nþ a\p- jy³ t`màmhpw (Po- hm- ßm-hv) t`mKy (P-U-h-kvXp)hpw cm]x kvtdmXx kzc-Wojp Nmánx BIp-¶p. Cu c­n-sâbpw t{]c-I\mb Cuiz-cs\ Adnbpt¼mÄ FÃmw a\-Ên-em-¡p- ¶p. ]ns¶ bmsXm¶pw AdnGh-a mßmß\n KrlytXku tb-­-Xm-bn-«-h-ti-jn-¡p-¶n-Ã. bmsXm-cp-¯sâ Cu aq¶p ktXy-ss\\w X]km tbm\p ]iy-Xn. t`Z-§-tfbpw hnh-cn- ¨n-cn-¡p-¶pthm Ah Xs¶ ka-{K-amb F{]-Imcw FÅn F®bpw ssXcn sh®bpw DW{_Ò-am-Ip-¶p. AXm-bXv PU-{]-Ir-Xnbpw tNX-\m-ßmhpw §n-hc­ \Zn-bpsS DÅn-epÅ Dd-hn Pehpw Ac-Wn-¯Ah c­nsâbpw B[m-chpw \nbm-a -I-\p-amb ]c-amSn-bn Aánbpw Hfnªn- cn-¡p-¶pthm AtX- {]-Imcw Xs¶ ßmhpw Ch aq¶pw {_Ò-¯nsâ cq]-§Ä Xs¶- bm- Ip-¶p. ]c-am-ßmhv \½psS lrZ-b-cq-]-am-Ip¶ Kpl-bn Hfnªnkw_Ôw þ ]d-b-s¸« tÚb- X- Xzs¯ Adn- bp¶Xn\pÅ cn-¡p-¶p. F{]-Imcw AXm-Xp-Øm-\-§-fn Hfn-ªn-cnD]m-bs¯ hnh-cn-¡p¶p þ ¡p¶ ssXem-Zn- Isf Ah-bv¡p- ]-d-ªn-«pÅ D]m-b- §-fm D]-e_v[-am-¡p-hm³ Ign-bp-¶pthm AtX-{]-Imcw GsX13. hlvt\ÀbYm tbm\n-K-Xky aqÀ¯nÀþ ¦nepw km[-I³ hnj-b§-fn hnc-à-\m-bn«v kZm-Nm-c\ ZriytX ss\h N enMvK-\mix \n-c-X-\m-bn, kXy-`m-j-Ww, kZm-Nmcw F¶o X]-ky-h-gnk `qb Gth-Ô-\-tbm\n Krly bmbn km[-\IÄ A\p-jvTn-¨p-sIm­v apI-fn ]d-ªn«pÅ coXn-bn At±-ls¯ \nc-´cw [ym\n-¨p-sIm­p kvXtZzm-`bw ssh {]W-th\ tZtl. hkn-¡p-¶p. Ah hgn-bmbn Ah\p ]c-am-ßm-hns\ {]m]nF{]-Imcw Xsâ tbm\n AXm-bXv {]I-S-am-bn-«pÅ ¡p-hm³ Ign-bp-¶p. Øm\-hn-ti-j-amb CÔ-\§-fn ØnXn-sN-¿p¶ Aán16. kÀÆ-hym-]n-\-am-ßm\w £otc bpsS cq]w-t]mse ImW-s¸-Sp-¶n-Ã. F¶m C¡m-c-WkÀ¸n-cn-hmÀ¸nXw ¯m Aán-bn-söp Icp-Xp-¶n-Ã. F¶m C¡m-c-W¯m Aán-bnsöp Icp-Xp-¶n-Ã. XoÀ¨-bmbpw AXpBß-hn-Zym-X-t]m-aqew XZv {_tÒm] s­¶p AwKo- I-cn-¨p- sIm­v AcWn (D-c¨p Xobp- ­m- ¡p¶ \njXv ]cw. XSn-¡-j-W-§Ä) aY\w sNbvXp-Ign-bpt¼mÄ CÔ-\-cq-]XZv{_-tÒm-]-\n-jXv ]cw. am-Ip¶ Xsâ Øm\-¯p-\n¶v AXn\p ho­pw Pzen-¨p-bBß- hn-Zybpw X]hpw At±-ls¯ {]m]n- ¡p-¶-Xn- \pÅ cp-hm³ Ign-bp-¶p. AXp-t]m-se-Xs¶ D]-cy-à-amb Pohmaqekm[-\-bm-Ip-¶p. bmsXm¶v ]men ss\bv¡p-Xpeyw ßmhpw ]c-am-ß mhpw lrZ-b-c q-]-am-Ip¶p. X§fpsS Øm\¯v Hfn¨p-h -k n-¨ n«v {]Xy-£ -s¸-S m-X n-c n-¡ p-¶ p. kÀÆ{X ]cn-]qÀ®-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm kÀÆm-´- cym-an-bmb F¶m "Hmw' F¶pÅ P]w hgn-bmbn km[\ sNbvXp-I- B ]c-am-ßm-hns\ apIfn ]d-ªn-cn-¡p¶ B km[-I³ gn-ªm icoc-¯n¯s¶ CXnsâ km£m-Xv¡mcw a\-Ê n-e m-¡ p-¶ p. "At±lw Xs¶-b m- I p¶p D]- \ n-j ¯p¡fn hÀ®n-¡-s¸-«n-cn-¡p¶ ]ca XXz-amb {_Òw D­m-Ip-¶p.

Aánsb {]I-S-am-¡p-¶-Xn\p c­v Ac-Wn-¯-Sn-Isf Iq«n-bp-c-b¡p-¶-Xp-t]m-se-Xs¶ Xsâ ico-c-¯n ]c-a-]pv cp- j-\mb ]c- am-ßm-hns\ {]m]n-¡p- ¶-Xn-\p- th­n ico- cs¯ ASn-bn shbv¡-s¸-Sp¶ XSn-bm¡n amäp-Ibpw Hm¦mcs¯ apI-fnse XSn-bmbn amäp-Ibpw thWw. AXm-bXv ico-cs¯ ASn-¯- Sn-bmbn kz`m-h-t¯m-Sp-IqSn \nÝ-e-am- ¡ns¡m­p apI-fn-es¯ XSn-¡p-Xpeyw HmwIm-cs¯ i_vZw hgn-bmbn P]n- ¡p-Ibpw a\-Êm AXnsâ AÀ°- cq-]- amb ]a-cm-ßm-hns\ \nc-´cw Nn´n-¡p-Ibpw thWw. C{]-Im-capÅ Cu aY-\cq-]-am-Ip¶ [ym\-kz-cq-]m-`ym-k-¯m km[I³ hnd-In Hfnªn-cn-¡p¶ Aán-¡p-Xpeyw Xsâ lrZ-b-¯n Hfnªn-c n-¡ p¶ ]c-a -tZh ]c-ta-iz-c s\ HmÀ¡Ww þ {]Xy-£-am-¡-Ww.

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I A´n-a-hm-Iys¯ ]\-cm-hÀ¯n-¡p-¶Xv A²ym-b-¯nsâ
kam-]Xnsb kqNn-¸n-¡p-¶ -Xn-\p-th-­n-bm-Ip-¶p. v

ZznXo-bm-² ymbw
kw_Ôw þ BZys¯ A[ym-b-¯n ]c-a-tZ-h-\mb ]cam-ßm-hnsâ km£m-Xv¡m-c-¯n-\pÅ {][m-t\-]m- b-ambn [ym\s¯ hnti-jn-¸n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. B [ym\- ¯nsâ {]{Inb a\-Ên-em-¡p-¶-Xn\v Cu c­m-aX-²ymbw Bcw-`n-¡p-¶p. CXn BZy-ambn [ym\-¯nsâ kn²n-¡p-th-­n-bpÅ A©p a{´-§-fn ]c-ta-iz-c-t\mSp {]mÀ°n-t¡­ {]Imc-§sf hnh-cn-¡p¶p.

¡p¶Xn\pÅ [ym\-¯n kaÀ°-cm-bn- ¯o- cp- ¶p. \½psS a\Êpw _p²nbpw C{µn-b§fpw {]Imiw hym]n-¸n¨p sIm­n-cn-¡pw. \n{Z, Ae-k-X, AIÀ½-WyX apX-emb tZmj-§Ä \½psS [ym\-¯n hnLv\w D­m-¡m-Xn-cn -¡-s«.

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4. bpRvPtX a\ DX bpRvPtX [ntbm hn{]m hn{]ky _rltXm hn]-ÝnXx hntlm{Xm Zt[ hbp-\m-hn-tZI C·lo tZhky khnXpx ]cn-jvSp-Xnx.
t{ijvT-_p-²n-tbm-Sp-Iq-Snb {_mÒ-Wm-Zn-I-fmb A[n-Imcn- IÄ X§- fpsS a\- Êns\ bmsXmcp ]c-{_- Ò- ]- c- am-ßm- hn tNÀ¡p-¶pthm AXp-t]mse X§-fpsS FÃm {]Im-c-¯nep-apÅ _p²n-bpsS BkvXn-Iys¯ \nbp-à-am-¡p-¶phthm bmsXm-cp-¯³ Aán tlm{Xm-Zn-ip-`-IÀ½- §-fpsS hn[m\w sN¿p-¶pthm bmsXm-cp-¯³ PK-¯nsâ hnNm-c§sf Adn-bp-¶-h\pw GI\pw AZzn-Xo-b\pw Bbn-cn-¡p¶pthm A§-s\-bpÅ alm\pw kÀÆ-hym-]nbpw kÀÆÚ\pw AJn- e¯n- sâbpw D¸m-Z-I-\p-amb ]c-a-tZ-h-]-cta-iz-cs\ \mw Ahiyw ]cn-]qÀ®-ambn kvXpXn-¡-Ww.

1. bpRvPm\x {]Yaw a\-kvXXzmb khnXm [nbx AtáÀ tPymXnÀ\n-Nm¿ ]rYnhym A[ym-`c-X. AJn-e -t¯bpw krjvSn¨ ]c-a m-ßmhv BZy-ambn \½psS a\-Ên-tâbpw _p²n-bp-tSbpw hr¯n- IfpsS XXz{]m-]Xn-¡p-th­n Xtâ-Xmb Znhy-kz-cq-]-¯n cq]-s¸-Spv ¯p-Ibpw Aán apX-emb C{µn-bm-`n-am-\n-I-fmb tZhXIsf hnj-b§sf {]Im-in-¸n-¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ kmaÀ°y s¯ ZrjvSn- bn I­p- sIm­v _mly- hn-j-b-§-fn \n¶pw ]n³h-en¨v \½psS C{µn-b-§-fpsS {]Imiw _mly-ambn \jvS-s¸-SmsX _p²n¡pw a\-Ên\pw klm-b-I-am-bn-cn-¡p¶-Xn\v C{µn-b-§-fn \nt£-]n-¨p.

5. bptP hmw {_Ò ]qÀhyw \tam-`nÀþ hn tÇmI GXp ]tYyh kqtcx. irWz´p hntiz Aar-Xky ]p{Xm B tb [mam\n Znhym\n XØpx.

AÃtbm a\-tÊ, _p²n, Rm³ \n§Ä c­p t]cptSbpw kzmanbpw AJn-e-P-K- ¯nsâ BZn-Im- c-W-hp-amb ]c{_Ò ]c-am-ßm-hns\ XpSÀ¨-bmbn \a-kvI-cn-¨p-sIm­v kphÀt¤-b mb iàym. hn\-b-]qÀÆw At±-l-¯nsâ ic-W-¯n sN¶v At±-l\½-sfÃmw AJn-e-t¯bpw krjvSn¨ ]c- a-tZ-h-\mb ]c- ¯n kwe-á-\m-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. F¶m Km\w sN¿-s¸« a-tZ-hsâ Bcm[\m-cq-]-amb bÚ-¯n apgp-Inb a\-Êp- ]c-ta-iz-csâ aln-am-hÀ®\w hnZzm-·m-cpsS IoÀ¯n-¡ph-gn-bmbn ]c-am-\-µ-{]m-]vXn-¡p-th­n ]qÀ®-i-àn-tbmsS Xpeyw temI-¯n hym]n-¡-s«. AXns\ Znhy-tem-I- §-fn {]b-Xv\n-¡-Ww. AXm-bXv \½psS a\Êv \nc-´cw `K-h-Zm- \nh-kn-¡p¶ Ahn-\m-in-bmb ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ FÃm ]p{Xcm-[- \-bn apgp-Ip-bpw \mw `K-hXv {]m]vXn-bnÂ\n¶pw P\y- ·mcpw \Ã-Xp-t]mse {ihn-¡-s«. am- Ip¶ ]c-am-\- µ-¯nsâ A\p- `q-Xn- ¡p-th­n ]qÀ®iàn kw_Ôw þ [ym\- ¯n-\p- th­n ]c- am- ßm-hn- t\mSp {]mÀ°ntbm-Sp-IqSn {]b-´n-¡p-Ibpw sN¿-Ww. ¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ {]Im-c-§sf ]d-ª-tijw C\n Bdmw-a-{´3. bpàzmb a\km tZhm³ kph-cytXm ¯n B [ym\-¯nsâ ØnXnsb hÀ®n-¡p-Ibpw Ggmw [nbm Znhw a{´-¯n a\p-jys\ B [ym\-¯n hym]r-X-\m-¡p-¶Xn\p \nÀt±iw \ÂIp-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. _rl-tÖymXnx Icn-jyXx khnXm

2. bptà\ a\km hbw tZhky khnXpx kth.

{]kp-hmXn Xm³.
A J n- e - ¯ n- s âbpw {kjv S m- h m- b n - c n- ¡ p¶ B ]ctaizc³ a\-Ên-sâbpw C{µn-b§-fp-sSbpw A[n-jvTm\-tZ-h-X-Isfbpw kzÀ¤m-Zn-temI§fnepw BIm-i- ¯nepw k©-cn-¡p¶ henb {]Imiw hym]n-¸n-¡p-¶-h-tbbpw \½psS a\-tÊmSpw _p²n-tbmSpw kwbp-à-am-¡n-bn«v \ap¡p {]Imiw {]Zm\w sN¿p-¶-Xn\p t{]cW \ÂIn. X¡m-cWw sIm­p \mw ]c-ta-iz-cs\ km£m-Xv¡-cn-

6. AánÀb-{Xm-`n-a-YytX hmbpÀb-{Xm-[ncp[ytX tkmtam b{Xm-Xn-cn-NytX X{X kwPm-btX a\x.
bmsXm-cp-h-Ø-bn Aán-bp-­ m-¡p-¶ -X n-\p-th­n Ac-Wn-¯-Sn-IÄaqew aY\w \S-¯p-¶-Xp-t]mse AánØm-\o- b- amb ]c- am-ßm-hns\ {]m]n-¡p- ¶- Xn-\p-th­n BZya-{´- §- fn ]d-ªn- cn- ¡p¶ coXn- tbm- Sp- IqSn ico- cs¯ ASnbn-es¯ Ac-Wn-¯-Sn-bmbpw HmwIm-cs¯ apI-fn-es¯ Ac-W n-bmbpw IÂ]n-¨ n«v AXnsâ P]hpw AXnsâ

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I AÀ°-cq-]-amb ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ \nc-´-c-am-bpÅ Nn´m-cq]hpw sIm­v aY\w \S-¯-s¸-Sp-¶p. FhnsS {]mW-hm-bphns\ hn[n-]qÀÆw \¶m-bn«v \ntcm-[n-¡p-¶pthm FhnsS B\-µcq-]-amb tkma-ckw AXy-[n-I-ambn {]I-S-am-¡p¶pthm B [ym\m-h-Ø-bn a\p-jysâ a\Êv kÀÆYm hnip-²- am-bn-¯o-cp-¶ p.

¶p. Ch-sb-Ãm-¯n-s\bpw XyPn-¨n«v Fs¶-t¶-bv¡p-ambpÅ Aa-c-]-Zs¯ {]m]n-¡-Ww.

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7. khn{Xm {]k-th\ PqtjX {_Ò ]qÀhyw. X{X tbm\nw IrW-htk \ ln tX ]qÀÆ-a-£ n-]- Xv.

9. {]mWm³ {]]o-tUyl kwbp-à-tNjvSx £otW {]mtW \mkn-I-tbm-Ñz-ko-X. ZrjvSm-iz-bp-à-anh hml-ta\w hnZzm³ at\m [mc-tb-Xm-{]-a-¯x.

hnZzm-\mb km[-I³ Cu Úm\-tbmK km[-\-bv¡pth­n Blm-cm-Zn-I-fmb FÃm {]hr-¯n-I-tfbpw bYmtbmKyw sNbvXp-sIm- ­n-cn-¡- Ww. Ahsb [ym\-tbm-K-¯nAÃtbm km[-I, AJne {_Òm-WvU-¯nsâ Dev]m-Z- \p-]-bp-à- §- fm- ¡n-¯oÀ¡-Ww. tbmK-im- k{X- ¯nsâ hn[nv I\pw kÀÆm-´-cym-an-bp-amb ]ctaiz-csâ t{]c-W-bm {]-Imcw {]mW-bmaw sNbvXp-sNbvXv {]mW³ AXy´w AXm-bXv apI-fn ]d-ªn-cn-¡p¶ coXn-bn At±-ls¯ kq£va-am-bn-¯o-cp-t¼mÄ \mkn-I- fn¡qSn AXns\ shfnkvXpXn-¨p-sIm­v At±-l-¯nÂ\n¶v A\p-aXn {]m]n-¨p- bn-te¡p XÅn-¡-f-b-Ww. AXn\ptijw ZpjvSm-iz-§-fm sIm­v \n§Ä B BZn-]-c-{_-a-]-c-am-ßm-hns\¯s¶ ]q«-s¸« cYs¯ kaÀ°-\mb kmcYn F{]-Imcw AXntkh\w (k-am-cm-[-\) sN¿-Ww. B ]c-ta-iz-c-\n¯s¶ {i-²- tbm-Sp-IqSn \bn-¨p-sIm­p kpc- £n- X-amÀ¤-¯n¡qSn B{ibw {]m]n-¡-Ww. At±-l-¯n ic-Ww-{]m-]n-¨n«v sIm­p-t]m-Ip-¶pthm AXp- t]m-se-Xs¶ km[- I\pw Xsâ At±-l-¯n¯s¶ kzbw hneo-\-am-bn-¯o-c-Ww. C{]- a\-Êns\ {i²-tbm-Sp-IqSn Xsâ kzm[o-\-h-e-b-¯n kpcImcw {]hÀ¯n- ¨mÂ, \n§Ä ap³]p- ap-Xte sN¿-s¸- «n-«pÅ £n- X- am¡n \nÀ¯-Ww. A§-s\-bm-sW-¦n tbmK-km-[FÃm k©n-X-IÀ½-§ fpw hnLv\-Im-cn-bm- bn-¯o-cp-¶ n-Ã, \-bn bmsXm-cp-hn-[amb hnLv\§fpw kw`-hn-¡msX _Ô-\-cq-]-am-bn-¯ o-cp-¶n-Ã. Ah³ ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ {]Xn-cq-]-e-£y-¯n F¯p-Ibpw kw_Ôw þ [ym\-tbm-K-¯nsâ km[\ A\p-jTn-¡p-¶- sN¿pw. v hÀ F{]-Imcw Ccn-¡-Ww, F§s\ [ym\n-¡- Ww. Cu hnj- kw_Ôw þ ]c-{_Ò ]c-am-ßm-hn a\-Êns\ ebn-¸n-¡pb-s¯-¸än {]Xn-]m-Zn-¡p¶p þ ¶-Xn\v F§-s\-bpÅ Øm\¯v F§-s\-bpÅ `qan-bnÂ

8. {Xncp-¶Xw Øm]y kaw icocw lrZo-{µn-bmWn a\km kw\n-th-iy. {_tÒm-Up-t]\ {]X-tcX hnZzm³ t{kmXmwkn kÀÆmWn `bm-h-lm-\n.
bmsXm-cp-¯³ [ym\-tbm-K-¯nsâ km[\ A\p-jvTn¡p-¶pthm B _p²n-am-\mb km[-I³ inc-Êv, Kfw, amÀÆnSw Chsb DbÀ¯n-\nÀ¯-s«, AXp-t]mse icocs¯ t\scbpw Ønc-ambpw hbv¡-s«. F´p-sIm-s­¶m ico-cs¯ t\scbpw Ønc-ambpw hbv¡-s«. F´psIm-s­- ¶m ico-cs¯ t\scbpw Ønc-ambpw \nÀ¯msXbpw incÊpw Kfhpw h£-Ø-ehpw DbÀ¯m-sXbpw Ccp-¶m Be-kyhpw \n{Zbpw aäp-am-bpÅ hnLv\-§Ä h¶p`-hn-¡p-¶p. AXn-\m Cu hnLv\-§- fnÂ\n¶pw c£s]-Sp-¶-Xn\p ta¸dª {]Im-c-¯n Ccn-¡-Ww. CXn-\ptijw FÃm C{µn-b-§-tfbpw _mly-hn-j- b-§-fnÂ\n¶pw amän-bn«v a\-Ên-\m Ahsb lrZ-b¯n \ntcm-[n¨p \nÀ¯-Ww. ]ns¶ HmwIm-c-cq-]-am-Ip¶ \uI-bpsS B{ib-t¯m-Sp-IqSn AXm-bXv HmwIm-c-¯nsâ P]-t¯mSpw AXnsâ hmNy-amb ]c-{_Ò ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ [ym\-t¯mSpw-IqSn FÃm `bm-\-I-§-fmb {]hm-l-§-tfbpw XcWw sNbvXv A¡sc F¯n-t¨-c- Ww. \m\m-tbm-\n- I-fn \n¶pw k¼m-Zn-¨n-«pÅ F{Xtbm hmk-\-Ifp-­v. Ah-sbÃmw P\\-a-cW cq]-§-fm-Ip¶ `bw P\n-¸n-¡p¶ {]hm-l-§-fm-Ip-

Ccp¶p km[\ \S-¯Ww F¶-Xns\ hnh-cn-¡p-¶p.

10. kta ipNu iÀ¡-cm-h-Ón-hm-epIm hnhÀÖntX i_vZ-P-em-{i-bm-Zn-`nx. at\m\pIqte \ Xp N£p-]o-Ut\ Kplm-\n-hm-Xm-{i-btW {]tbm-P-tb-Xv.
ChnsS [ym\-tbm-K -¯n-\p-] -bp-à-amb Øm\s¯ hÀ®n-¡p- ¶p. [ym\-tbm-K- ¯nsâ km[-\-b\pjvTn¡p¶ km[-I³ ka-\n-ct¸m-Sp-Iq-Snb `qanbpw \navt\m¶X-§-fÃm¯Xpw hf-hp-Xn-cn-hn-Ãm-¯Xpw FÃm {]Im-c-¯nepw hr¯n-bp-ÅXpw kzm`m-hn-I-ambn ]hn-{X-X-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bXpw tZhm-e-bw, XoÀ°-Øm\w BZn-bm-b-h-t]mse N¸p-N-hdpw Nc¡ÃpIfpw CÃm-¯ Xpw Aán-b p-tSbpw shbn-ensâbpw NqSn- Ãm-¯Xpw a\-Êns\ Cf-¡p¶ i_vZ-tIm-eml-e-§-fn-Ãm-¯Xpw tImem-l-e-¯nsâ ]qÀ®-amb A`m-hap-­m-bn-cn-¡p-¶Xpw Bh-iy-¯n\p Pew e`n-¡p-¶Xpw F¶m hf-sc-b-[nIw Bfp-IÄ hcn-Ibpw t]mIbpw sN¿p¶ Pem-i-bw-t]mse AÃm-Xn-cn-¡p-¶Xpw ico-c-c-£bv¡p-]- bp- à- amb B{i- b-t¯m- Sp-Iq-Sn-bXpw F¶m [À½im-e-t]mse AkwJyw Bfp-IÄ hcn-Ibpw t]mIbpw sN¿m-Xn-cn-¡p-¶-Xp-amb CSw Bbn-cn-¡Ww km[\ sN¿p¶-Xn\p sXc-sª-Sp-t¡-­- Xv. kw_Ôw þ tbmKm-`ymkw \S-¯p¶ km[-Isâ km[\

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148

I icntbm sXtäm F¶-dn-bp-¶-Xn-\pÅ D]mbw ]d-bp-¶p.
11. \olm-c[p amÀ¡m-\n-em-\em\mw JtZym-X -hn-Zyp-Xvk v^ -Sn-I -i-ko-\mw. GXm\n cq]mWn ]pc-Ê-cmWn {_Ò-Wy-`n-hy-àn-I-cmWn tbmtK.
km[-I³ ]c-{_Ò ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ {]m]vXn-¡p-th­n [ym\-tbm-K-¯nsâ km[-\-bm-cw-`n-¡pt¼mÄ Ah\v Xsâ ap¼n Nne-t¸mÄ aqSÂa-ªn\p Xpey-amb cp]w A\p-`h-s¸-Sp-¶p. Nne-t¸mÄ ]pI-t]mse ImW-s¸-Sp-¶p. Nnet¸mÄ kqcy-s\-t¸mse {]Imiw kÀÆ{X ]cn-]qÀ®-ambn ImW-s¸-Sp-¶p. Nne-t¸mÄ \nÝ-e-amb hmbp-hn-s\-t¸mse \ncm-Im-c-cq]w A\p-`-h-¯n hcp-¶p. Nne-t¸mÄ Aán¡p kZr-i-amb tXP-tÊm-Sp-IqSn ImW-s¸-Sp-¶p. Nne kabw an¶m-an-\p-§n\p kZriw an¶n-an-¶n-am-bp-¶-Xmbn tXm¶p¶p. Nne-t¸mÄ CSn-a n-¶-e n-\ p-Xpeyw I®-©n-¸n-¡ p¶ {]Imiw P\n-¸n-¡p-¶-Xmbn ZrjvSn-tKm-N-c-am-Ip-¶p. Nnet¸mÄ kv^Sn-I-a-Wn¡p kZr-i-amb DÖz-e-cq]w ImgvNbnÂs¸-Sp-¶p. Nne- t¸mÄ N{µ-\p-Xpeyw ioX-f- {]-Imiw {]kcn-¸n-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶-Xmbn ImW-s¸-Sp-¶p. Chbpw AXpt]mse aä-t\Iw Zriy-§fpw tbmK-km-[-\- bpsS D¶-Xnsb tZymXn-¸n-¡p-¶-hbm-Ip-¶ p. Ch-bnÂ\n¶pw km[-Isâ [ym\w icn-bm-bn-cn-¡p¶p F¶p a\-Ên-em-¡p-¶p.

\otcm-K-\m-bn-¡-gn-bp-¶p. Ah\v Hcn-¡epw bmsXmcp tcmKhp-a p-­ m-Ip-¶ n-à . `uXnI hkvX p-¡ -fn-e pÅ Ahsâ Bkàn \jvS-am-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. GsX-¦nepw `uXnI hkvXp Ahsâ ap¼n h¶mepw Ahsâ a\Êpw C{µn-b§fpw AXn-\m BIÀjn-¡-s¸-Sp-¶n- Ã. Ahsâ ico-c-¯nsâ hÀ®w DÖz-eam-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. kzcw AXy´w a[p-chpw kv]jvS-hp-am-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. ico-c¯n \n¶pw hfsc \à kpKÔw ]pd-s¸«v \mep-]mSpw {]k-cn-¡p-¶p. aehpw aq{Xhpw hfsc kzev]-amb am{X-bn BIp-hm³ XpS-§p¶p. Ch-sbÃmw tbmK-amÀ¤-¯nsâ {]mcw-`kn-²n-I-fm-Ip¶p. C§s\ tbmKn-IÄ ]d-bp-¶p.

K

14. bssYh hnw_w arZ-tbm-]-en]vXw tXtPm-abw {`mPtX XXv kp[m-´w. XZzmßXXzw {]k-ao£y tZlo GIx IrXmÀtYm `htX hoX-timIx.
GsX- ¦nepw tXtPm-a-b-am- b-cXv\w a®n ]pX-ªp- t]mb-Xp-Im-caw F{]-Imcw Hfnªn-cn-¡p-¶pthm AXnsâ Ak cq]- ¯n {]I-S-am-Im-Xn-cn-¡p-¶pthm AXns\ a®v apX-em-bh amäw sNbvXp Igp-In-¯p-S¨v hr¯n- bm-¡n-sbSp-¡ p-t¼mÄ AXv AkÂcq-]-¯ n {]Im-in-¡p-hm³ XpS§p-¶p. AtX-{]-Imcw Cu Pohm-ßm-hnsâ hmkvX-hnI kzcq]w AXy-´-kz-Ñ-am- bn-¡-gn-ªmepw A\-´-P-·-§-fn sN¿-s¸« IÀ½-§-fpsS kwkv¡m-c-§-fm aen-\am-bn-cn¡p-¶Xp ImcWw {]Xy-£-ambn {]I-S-am-Ip-¶n-Ã. F¶m [ym\-tbm-K-¯ nsâ km[-\-h-gn-bmbn FÃm Agp-¡p-Itfbpw Igp-In-bn«v Bßm-hnsâ bYmÀ° kzcq-]s¯ \ÃXp-t]mse {]kv]-jS-am-¡p-t¼mÄ AXv Akw-K-am- bn-¯o-cpv ¶p. AXm-bXv Ah\v PU-]-ZmÀ°-§-fp-ambn bmsXmcp kwtbm-K-ap-­m-bn-cp-¶p-thm, AsXÃmw \in-¨n«v Ah³ ssIh-eym-h-Øsb {]m]n-¡p-¶p. AXp-t]mse Ahsâ FÃm-{]-Imc§fn-ep-apÅ ZpxJ-§-fpsS Ah-km\w kw`-hn¨n«v Ah³ XnI¨pw IrX-Ir-Xy-\m-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. Ahsâ a\p-jy-P·w kmÀ°-Iambn `hn-¡p-¶p. -

12. ]rYzy]vtXtPm\netJ kap-°ntX ]©m-ßtI tbmK-KptW {]hrt¯ \ Xky tcmtKm \ Pcm \ arXypx {]m]vXky tbmKm-án-abw ico-cw.
[ym\-tbm-K-¯nsâ km[\ sNbvXp-sNbvXv ]rYzn, Pew, tXP-Êv, hmbp, BImiw F¶o ]©-a-lm-`q-X-§-fpsS D°m\w kw`-hn-¡p-t¼mÄ AXm-bXv Cu km[- I³ ]©-alm-`q-X-§-fp-sS-ta A[n-Imcw {]m]n-¨p-I-gnbp-t¼mÄ Cu ]©-a-lm-`q-X-§-fp-ambn kw_Ôw ]peÀ¯p¶ tbmK-hnj-b-§-fmb A©p-kn-²n-Ifpw {]I-S-am-hp-Ibpw sN¿pt¼mÄ tbmKm-án-a-b-amb ico-cs¯ {]m]n-¨n-«pÅ B tbmKn-bpsS ico-c-¯n tcmK-ap-­m-Ip-¶n-Ã, hmÀ²-Iy-hpap-­m-Ip-¶n-Ã. Ah\p arXyp-hp-ap-­m-Ip-¶n-Ã. Ahsâ CÑ¡p hncp-²-ambn Ahsâ icocw \in-¡p-¶n-Ã.

15. bZmßX-tXz\ Xp {_Ò-XXzw Zot]m-]-ta-t\l bpàx {]]-tiy-Xv. APw {[phw kÀh-XssXzÀhn-ip²w ÚmXzm tZhw apNytX kÀh-]m-ssix.

]n¶oSv BtbmKn CtX ØnXn-bn Zo]-Zzmcm {_Ò-X-Xz-kZr-ihpw \nÀ½-e-{]-Im-i-a-b-hp-ambn ]qÀtÆm-à-amb BßXXzw icn-bmbn ZÀin-¡pt¼mÄ AXm-bXv B ]c-{_-Ò-]-cam- ßm-hns\ {]Xy- £- am- ¡p-t¼mÄ P·m-Zn- I- fnse FÃm hnImc-§-fnÂ\n¶pw cln-X\pw AN-e\pw \nÝn-X\pw AXp`qX§fp-sS-ta hnPbw ssIh-cn-¨n-«pÅ tbmKn-I-fn t]mse ka-kX- X-Xz-§-tfmSpw Akw- K\pw kÀÆYm hnipv ]qÀh-h-thm-à-i-ànIsf¡q-SmsX aäp iàn-Ifpw h¶p²-\p-amb ]c-a-tZ-h-\mb ]c-am-ßm-hns\ XXz-t¯m-Sp-IqSn tN-cp-¶p. DZm-l-c-W-ambn: Ahsâ icocw emL-h-t¯m-SpAdn-ªn«v FÃm-hn-[-amb _Ô- \-§-fnÂ\n¶pw \nXy-ambn Iq-Sn-b-Xm-bn-¯o-cp-¶p, ico-c-¯n `mc-¯n- sâtbm AYhm tamNn-¡-s¸-Sp-¶ p. Be-ky-¯n-sâtbm `mhw \ne-\n¡p-¶n-Ã. Ah³ kZm

13. eLp-Xz-am-tcm-Ky-a-tem-ep-]Xzw hÀ®-{]-kmZw kzc-ku-jvThw N. KÔx ipt`m aq{X-]p-co-j-aev]w tbmK-{]-hr¯nw {]Yamw hZ-´n.

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I Cu a{´-¯n Bß-X-Xz-¯n¡qSn {_Ò-X-Xzs¯ Adn-

bmsXm- cp-¯³ þ AZzn-Xob ]c- am-ßmhv Pes¯ krjvSnbp-¶-Xn-\pÅ amÀ¤w ]d-ªn«v ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ km£m- ¨n«v Xsâ kzcq-]-`q-X-amb imk-\m-iàn hgn-bmbn AXnXv¡mcw a\-Ê,v _p²n, C{µn-b§Ä hgn kw`-hn-¡p-hm³ t·Â `cWw \S- ¯n- s¡m- ­n-cn- ¡p-¶pthm AXp- t]mse hnhnkm²y-a-sÃ-¶pÅ `mhw {]I-S-am-¡p- ¶p. Ch- sbÃmw AhnSw [-§-fmb B imk-\m-i-àn-IÄh-gn-bmbn FÃm temI-§hsc F¯p-¶n-Ã. GI-am-{X-amb B Bß-X-Xz-Zzmcm Xs¶ tfbpw temI-]m-e·m-tcbpw bYm-tbmKyw k©m-e\w At±lw {]Xy-£-am-Ip-¶p. sNbvXp-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶pthm bmsXm-c-¯sâ `c-W- ¯n Ch-sbÃmw Xm´m-§-fpsS IÀ¯-hy-§sf \nb-a-]qÀÆw 16. Gj l tZhx {]Zntjm\ kÀhmx ]men-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶p-thm, AXp-t]mse bmsXm-cp-¯³ ]pÀthm l PmXx k D KÀt` A´x X\n-tb-Xs¶ aäm-cp-tSbpw klmbw IqSmsX AJn-e-temk Gh PmXx k P\n-jy-amWx I-¯-sâbpw D¸-¯n-bnepw AXns\ hfÀ¯p-¶-Xnepw kaÀ°-\p-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm B ]c-{_-Ò-]c-ta-iz-c s\ {]Xy-MvP -\mw-kvXn-jvTXn kÀtXm-ap-Jx. bmsXmcp alm-]p-cp-j³ XXz-t¯m-Sp-IqSn {Kln-¡p-¶pthm Cu ]c-a-tZ-h-\mb {_Òw FÃm Zn¡p-I-fnepw Ahm-´At±lw Aa-c-\m-bn-¯o-cp¶p þ P\-\-a-c-W-h-e-bnÂ\n¶pw c-Zn-¡ p-I -fnepw hym]n-¨n-c n-¡p¶p; AXm-b Xv F§pw \nXy-ambn tamNn-¡-s¸-Sp-¶p. At±lw ]cn-] qÀ®-\m-Ip-¶p. {]]-©-¯ n At±lw 2. GtIm ln cpt{Zm \ ZznXo-bmb XØpÀþ CÃm¯ bmsXmcp Øm\hpw CÃ. {]kn-²-amb ]c-{_-Ò]-c-am-ßm-hmbn Gähpw BZy-ambn lnc-Wy-KÀ`-cq-]-¯n b Camw temIm-\o-iX Cui-\o`nx {]Xy-£-am-bn- cp- ¶p. At±lw Xs¶ Cu {_Ò- cq-]-amb KÀ`{]Xy-MvP-\mw-kvXn-jvTXn k©p-tIm-Nm-´-Imte ¯n A´-cym-an-bmbn ØnXn-sN-¿p-¶p. At±-lw-Xs¶ kwkrPy hnizm `ph-\m\n tKm]mx Cu kabw PK-¯nsâ cq]-¯n {]I-S-am-Ip-Ibpw `mhnbn AXm-bXv {]f-b-¯n-\p-ti-j-apÅ krjvSn-Im-e¯n bmsXm-cp-¯³ Xsâ kzcq-]-`q-X-§-fmb hnhn-[-im-kho­pw {]I-S-am-Ip-hm³ t]mIp-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. At±lw \-i-àn-IÄ hgn-bmbn FÃm temI-§-fp-sS-taepw `cWw FÃm Pohn-I- fp-tSbpw DÅn A´- cyman cq]-¯n ØnXn- \S-¯p-¶pthm þ Ahsb \nb-am-\p-k-caw \nb-{´n-¨p-sImsN¿pw AXp-t]mse FÃm `mK-t¯bv¡pw apJ-t¯m-Sp-Iq- ­n-cn-¡p-¶p-hthm B cp{Z-cq-]-\mb ]c-ta-iz-c³ GI³XSnbpw AXm-bXv FÃm-¯n-s\bpw FÃm-`m-K-¯p-\n¶pw s¶-bm-Ip-¶p. AXm-bXv Cu hnizs¯ \nb-{´n-¡p¶ I­p-sIm­pw Ccn-¡p-¶-h-\m-Ip-¶p. iàn- IÄ At\Iw D­m-bn-cp-¶mepw Ah-sbÃmw Htc ]cta-iz-csâ Xs¶-bm-Ip-¶p, F¶m At±-l¯nÂ\n¶pw 17. tbm tZthm Aáu tbm A]vkp A`n-¶- am-Ip- ¶p. Cu Imc- Ww-sIm- ­p-Xs¶ Úm\nIÄ PKtbm hnizw `ph-\-am-hn-thi ¯nsâ Imc-Ws¯ \nÝ-bn¨p kabw aäp bmsXmcp XXzb Hmjm-[ojp tbm h\-kv]-Xnjp t¯bpw B{i-bn-¡m-Xn-cp-¶p, GI-]-c-{_Òw Xs¶-bmWv PK-¯nsâ Imc-W-sa¶v FÃm-hcpw Htc kzc-¯n \nÝXkvssa tZhmb \tam \ax. bn-¡p-IsXs¶ sNbvXp. B ]c-am-ßmhv FÃm Pnhn-I-fpbmsXmcp kÀÆ-i-àn-am-\mb ]c-{_Ò ]c-a-tZ-h³ tSbpw DÅn A´-cym-an-cq- ]-¯n ØnXn-sN-¿p- ¶p. FÃm Aán-bn Bbn-cn-¡p-¶pthm bmsXm¶v Pe-¯n BIptemI-§-tfbpw krjvSn¨v Ahsb c£n-¨p- sIm-­n-cn- ¡p¶ ¶pthm, bmsXm¶p ka- kX-tem-I- §-fnepw A´- cym-an-bmb v ]a-tc-iz-c³ {]f-b- Im- e-¯Â kz´- am- bn-¯s¶ Ch- sbÃmw cq]-t¯m-Sp-I q-S n {]hn-j vS-a m-b n-s ¡m-­ n-c n-¡ p-¶ pthm H¶n-¨p-tNÀ¡p-¶p. AXm-bXv X¶n-te-¡p-Xs¶ hneo-\-ambmsXm¶v Huj-[nIfnepw h\-kv]-Xn-I-fnepw Bbn-cn-¡p¡p-¶p. B kabw At±-l-¯nsâ `n¶-`n-¶-cq-]-§-fn-epÅ ¶pthm AXm-bXv bmsXm¶p kÀÆ{X ]cn-]qÀ®-am-bn-cncq]§sfm¶pw D­m-bn-cn-¡p-I-bn-Ã. ¡p-¶pthm bmsXm-¶ns\ At\-I-{]-Im-c-¯Â t\cs¯ 3. hnkz-X-Ý-£p-cpX hniz-tXm-aptJm hÀ®n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶pthm B ]c-a-tZ-h-\mb ]c-ta-iz-cs\ \akv¡-cn-¡p-¶p. A²ym-b-¯nsâ kam-]Xnsb kqNn-¸n-¡pv hniz-tXm-_m-lp-cpX hniz-X-kv]mXv ¶-Xn\v \a-kIm-c-]-Zs¯ BhÀ¯n-¨n-cn-¡-p¶p. v kw _mlp`ymw [aXn kw ]X-ss{XÀþ

K

Zymh-`qan P\-b³ tZh GIx.

XrXo-b m-²ymbw
1. b GtIm Pme-hm-\o-iX Cui-\o`nx kÀhmw-tem-Im-\o-iX Cui-\o`nx b GsshI DÛth kw`th N b GX-Zzn-Zp-c-ar-XmkvtX `h-´n.

]c-a-tZ-h-\mb B ]c-ta-iz-c³ GI-\m-Ip¶p; F¶ncp ¶mepw At±-l-¯nsâ I®p-IÄ FÃm-bn-S-§-fn-ep-ap-­v. ssIIfpw ]mZ-§fpw D­v. At±lw FÃm temI-§-fnepw FÃm-bn-S-§-fnepw ØnXn-sN-¿p¶ ka-kvX-Po-hn-I-fpsS IÀ½-§-tfbpw hnNm-c-§-tfbpw FÃm kw`-h-§-tfbpw Xsâ Znhy-i-àn-h-gn-bmbn \nc-´cw ZÀin-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-

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I ¶p. bmsXmcp Imcy-§fpw At±-l-¯nÂ\n¶pw Hfn-ªncn-¡p-¶n-Ã. At±-l-¯nsâ `à³ At±-l-¯n\v FhnsSsb¦nepw t`mP-\-tbm-Ky- amb hkvXp kaÀ¸n- ¡p-¶pthm At±lw AXns\ Ahn-sS-sh-¨p-Xs¶ A\p-`-hn-¡p-¶p. At±lw FÃm Øe¯pw FÃm hkvXp-¡-tfbpw H¶mbn kzoI- cn- ¡p- ¶- Xnepw Xsâ `à-P-\-§-fpsS k¦-S- §sf \in¸n¨v Ahsc c£n-¡p-¶-Xnepw kaÀ°-\m-Ip-¶p. AXpt]mse FhnsS \ns¶- ¦nepw At±-l-¯nsâ `à- ·mÀ At±ls¯ hnfn-¡p-hm-\m{Kln¡p-¶pthm Ahn-sS-¯s¶ At±lw AtX-k-abw F¯n-t¨-cp-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. temI¯n Hcp Øm\hpw At±-l-¯nsâ iàn- bm hncm-Pn¡- ¶ n-à m- ¯ - X mbn ImW-s ¸- S p-¶ n- à . BImiwap-X  `qtemIw hsc-bpÅ FÃm temI-§-tfbpw krjvSn¨n-cn¡p¶ GI-\mb ]c-ta-iz-c³ a\p-jymZn Pohn-Isf Cu c­p `pP§-fmepw ]£n-Isf Nnd-IpIfmepw bpà-am-¡nbn-cn-¡p-¶p. At±lw FÃm PohnItfbpw Bh-iym-\p-k-cW-amb `n¶-`n¶ iàn-I-fmepw km[-\-§-fnepw k¼-¶am-¡n-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. ChnsS `pP§fp-tSbpw Nnd-Ip-I-fp-tSbpw IY\w D]e£Ww am{X- am-Ip-¶p. CXnÂ\n¶pw kakvX {]mWn-I-fn-ep-apÅ FÃm iàn-Ifpw ]c-am-ßm-hn-\m \ÂI-s¸-«-Xm-sW¶p a\-Ên-em-¡-Ww.

6. bmanjpw Kncn-i´ lkvtX _n`ÀjykvXth inhmw Kncn-{XXm Ipcp am lnwkox ]pcpjw PK-Xv.

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tl Kncni´, ssIem-k-hm-kn-bpw, kpJ-Zm-b-I-\p-amb ]c-ta-iz-cm, bmsXmcp _mWs¯ Fdn-bp-¶-Xn-\p-th­n A§v ssIbn FSp-¯n-cn- ¡p¶p? tl Kncn-cm-P-\mb lname-b-¯nsâ c£n-Xm-th, A§v B _mWs¯ awK-f-a-bam¡n amän-bm-epw. AXnsâ {Iqc-Xsb \in-¸n¨v AXns\ im´- am-¡n-bm-epw, Pohn-I-fm \nd-b-s¸«p Cu PK-¯ns\ \in- ¸n-¡m-Xn-cp-¶mepw. CXns\ IjvS-s¸-Sp-¯m- Xncp-¶m- epw.

7. XXx ]cw {_Ò-]cw _rl´w bYm-\n-Imbw kÀÆ-`q-tXjp KqVw hniz-sskyIw ]cn-th-jvS n-Xm-cþ aoiw Xw ÚmXzm-arXm `h-´n.
bmsXm-cp-¯³ ap³]p ]d-ªn-cn-¡p¶ Pohn-k-ap-Zm-bcq-] -am-Ip¶ PK-¯nepw lnc-Wy-KÀ`-\m-a-{_-Ò¯ nepw kÀÆYm t{ijvT-\m-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm FÃm Pohn-I-fnepw Ah-bpsS ico-c-¯n-\-\pcq]-ambn Hfn-ªn-cn-¡p-¶pthm FÃm temI-t¯bpw FÃm `mK§fn IqSnbpw hebw sN¿-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶pthm AXp-t]mse kÀÆ{X hym]vXhpw al¯pw Bbn-cn- ¡p-¶pthm A§-s\-bpÅ GI-am-{X-\mb B ]c-ta-iz-cs\ Adn-ªn«v Úm\nIÄ Fs¶-t¶-b¡pv am-bpÅ Ac-Xzs¯ {]m]n-¡p-¶p. ]n¶oSv AhÀ¡p P\-\a-c-W-§Ä D­m-Ip-¶n-Ã.

4. tbm tZhm\mw {]`-h-tÝm-Zv`hÝ hnizm-[nt]m cpt{Zm alÀjnx lnc-Wy-KÀ`w P\-bm-amk ]qÀhw k t\m _p²ym ip`bm kwbp-\-àp.

AJn-e-t¯bpw Xsâ `c-W-¯n sh¨p-sIm-­n-cn- kw_Ô w þ C\n Úm\nIfmb alm-ß m¡fpsS ¡p¶ cp{Z- c q- ] - \ mb ]c- ta-i z- c ³ C{µm-Z n-t Z- h - I sf A\p`h§sf ]dªn«v ]c-a- Úm- \-^-e- ¯nsâ ZrV-Xsb krjvSn¨pw c£n-¨pw- sIm- ­n- cn- ¡p¶p. AXp- t]mse bmsXm- {]kv]-jS- am-¡p-¶p. v cp-¯³ FÃm-¯n-sâ-bpw A[n-]-Xnbpw alm-Úm-\nbpw 8. thZm-l-taXw ]pcpjw alm-´þ kÀÆ-Ú-\p-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm bmsXm-cp-¯³ krjvS namZn-Xy-hÀ®w Xakx ]c-kvXm-Xv. bpsS Bcw-`- ¯n lnc-Wy- KÀ`s¯ krjvSn- ¨pthm B ]ca-tZ-h -\mb ]c-am-ßmhv \s½-s bÃmw kÂ_p-²n-bm Xtah hnZn-XzmXn arXyp-taXn kwbp-à-am-¡-tW.

\m\yx ]Ùm hnZytXb\mb

Úm\n-bmb Hcp alm³ ]d-bp¶p þ Cu alm-·m-sc¡mfpw alm-\mb ]ca ]pcp-tjm-¯-as\ Rm\-dn-bp-¶p. At±lw Ahn-Zym-cq-]-am-Ip¶ AÔ- Im-c-¯n\pw kÀÆYm Xbm \kvX\phm i´-abm AXo-X-\m-W.v AtX-t]mse kqcy\p Xpeyw kzbw-{]-Im-iKncn-i-´m-`n-Nm-I-io-ln. cq-]-\m-Ip-¶p. At±-ls¯ Adn-bp-¶-Xp-sIm-­p-Xs¶ a\ptl cp{Z- tZ-h, `bm-\-I-X-bnÂ\n¶v iq\yhpw ]pWy- IÀ½jy³ arXyp-hns\ DÃwL\w sN¿p-¶-Xn þ Cu P\-\-a-c§-fm {]Im-in-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶-Xp-amb A§- bpsS awKW-§-fpsS _Ô-\§-fnÂ\n¶v kzmX{´yw {]m]n-¡p-¶f-a-bn-bmb kuay-aqÀ¯nsb ZÀin-¨n«p a\p-jy³ ]c-am-\Xn þ Ign-hp-Å-h-\m-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. ]ca ]Zs¯ {]m]n-¡pµ-\n-a-á-\m-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. tl Kncn-i-´, ]ÀÆ-X- ¯n hkn¶-Xn\v CX-ÃmsX aäp bmsXm-cp-]m-b-hp-an-Ã. ¨p-s Im­v kakvX temI-§Ä¡pIw kpJw {]Zm\w 9. bkvamXv ]cw \m]-c-akvXn InwNnZv sN¿p¶ ]c-ta-iz-cm, ]c- a-im´ aqÀ¯n-bm-bn-cp-¶p-sIm-­pXs¶ Ir]-tbm-Sp-IqSn R§-fpsS t\tc t\m¡n-bm-epw. bkvam-¶m-Wotbm \ PymtbmkvXn IÝn-Xv. A§-bpsS Ir]m-Zr-jvSn-bpsS ]X- \w-sIm- ­p-Xs¶ R§Ä hr£ Ch kvX_vt[m Znhn XnjvS-tXy-Iþ kÀÆYm ]cn-ip-²-cmbn A§sb {]m]n-¡p-¶-Xn\p tbmKykvtXt\Zw ]qÀ®w ]pcp-tjW kÀÆw. X-bp-Å -h-cm-bn-¯o- c-tW.

5. bm tX cp{Z inhm X\qctLmcm-]m-]-Im-in-\o.

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B ]ca tZh-\mb ]c- ta- iz- c- s\- ¡mÄ t{ijvT-\mbn aäm cp-an-Ã. At±lw kÀÆ-t{ijvT\m-Ip-¶p. F{Xtbm kq£vaX- Xz-§- fpt­m Ah-sb- Ãm- ¯n-s\-¡mfpw At±lw kq£vaw Xs¶- bm-Wv. At±-l-s¯-¡mÄ A[nIw kq£va-ambn aäp bmsXm-¶p-an-Ã. CXn-\mÂX-s¶ At±lw Gähpw sNdnb Pohn-I-fpsS ico-c-¯n {]th-in¨p ØnXn-sN-¿p-¶p. CXpt]mse F{Xtbm al¯pw hym]-I-hp-amb XXz-§-fp-­v. Ah-sb-Ãm-än-s\¡mfpw al¯pw hym]-I-hp-amWv B ]c{_-Òw. AXn-s\-¡m al¯pw hym]-I-hp-ambn asäm-¶pwX-s¶-bn-Ã. CXn-\m {]f-b-Im-e-¯n Cu k¼qÀ® {_Òm-WUs¯ At±lw XsâbpÅn hneo-\-am-¡p-¶p. v bmsXm¶p X\n-tb-Xs¶ hr£-¯n\p Xpeyw \nÝ-e-`m-ht¯m-Sp-IqSn ]c-a-[m-a-cq-]hpw {]Im-i-a-b-hp-amb Znhym-Imi-¯n ØnXn-sN-¿p-¶pthm B ]c-{_Ò ]c-am-ßm-hn Cu kakvX PK¯pw hym]n-¨p-In-S-¡p-¶p. ]c-a-]p-cp-j\mb B ]c-ta-iz-c³Xs¶ \ncm-Im-c-cq-]-t¯m-Sp-IqSn Cu hnizw apgp-h³ hym]n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p.

12. alm³ {]`pÀssh-]p-cpjx kXz-s skyh {]hÀ¯-Ix. kp\nÀ½-em-anamw {]m]vXn-ao-imt\m tPymXn-c -hy-bx.

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\nÝ-b-ambn Ct±lw FÃm-¯n- t\bpw `cn-¡p-¶-h\pw alm\pw {]`phpw AXp-t]mse Ahn-\m-inbpw {]Im-k-kzcq] ]c-a-]p-cp-j-]p-cp-tjm-¯a\pam-W.v t\ct¯ ]d-ªn-cn¡p¶ Cu ]ca \nÀ½-e-`m-h¯nsâ AXm-bXv Xsâ B\µ- a-b- amb hnip-²-cq-]- ¯nsâ {]m]vXn-¡p-th­n a\p-jysâ A´x-Ic-Ws¯ t{]cn-¸n-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. Hmtcm a\pjy-t\bpw Ct±lw X¶n-te-bv¡m- IÀjn-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. F¶n-cp- ¶mepw AÚm-\n-I-fm-bp- Å-hÀ FÃm-{]- Im-c-¯n- epapÅ ku`m-Ky-§Ä {]m]n-¨n«pw At±-l-¯nsâ t{]W-{]Imcw At±-ls¯ {]m]n-¡p- ¶- Xn-\p-th­n {]hÀ¯n- ¡p-¶nÃ. Cu ImcWwsIm-­p-Xs¶ AhÀ AeªpXn-cnªp \S¡p-¶p.

10. XtXm bZp-¯-cXcw XZ-cq-]-a-\m-a-bw. b GX-Zzn-Zp-car XmkvtX `h´ytYXtc ZpxJ-ta-hm-]n-b-´n.
apt¼ hÀ®n-¨ n-« pÅ B lnc-W y-K À`-t ¯-¡ mÄ bmsXm¶v FÃm {]Im-c-¯nepw AXy´w DÂIr-jS-am-bnv cn-¡p-¶pthm B ]c-{_Ò ]c-am-ßmhv BIm-c-c-ln-X\pw FÃm hnIm-c-§-fmepw iq\y-\p-am-Ip-¶p. bmsXmcp alm-]pcp-j ³ Cu ]c-{_Ò ]c-am-ßm-hns\ Adn-bp-¶ pthm At±lw Aa-c-\mbn `hn-¡p¶p þ \nXy-ambn P\-\-acW§fn \n¶pw apà-\m-Ip-¶p. F¶m bmsXm-cp-¯³ Ct±ls¯ Adn-bm-Xn-cn-¡p-¶pthm A§n-s\-bp-Å-h-scÃmw \nÝ-b-ambpw IqsS-¡qsS ZpxJ-§sf A\p-`-hn-¨p-sIm-­ncn-¡p-¶p. AXn-\m a\p-jyÀ \nXy-ambn ZpxJ-§-fn \n¶pw tamNn-¡-s¸-Sp-¶-Xn\pw ]c-am-\-µ-kz-cq-]-\mb ]c-amßm-hns\ {]m]n-¡p-¶-Xn-\p-ambn At±-ls¯ Adn-b-Ww.

13. AMvKp-jvT-am{Xx ]pcptjm´cmßm kZm P\m\mw lrZtb k¶n-hnjvSx lrZm a\zotim a\-km-`n\p]vtXm b GXZv hnZp-c-ar-XmkvtX `h-´n.
AwKp-jvT- am-{X-amb ]cn-am-W-t¯m-Sp-IqSn A´-cym-anbmbr ]c-ta-iz-c³ Ft¸mgpw a\p-jy-cpsS lrZ-b-§-fn kay-¡mb coXn-bn ØnXn-sN-¿p-Ibpw a\-Ênsâ kzmanbm-bn-cn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. AXp-t]mse \nÀ½-elr-Zbhpw hnip-²-a-\Êpw hgn-bmbn [ym\-¯n sIm­p-h¶n«p {]Xy£am-Ip-¶p. bmsXmcp km[-I³ Cu ]c-{_Ò ]c- ta-iz-cs\ Adn-bp-¶p- hthm At±lw Aa-c- \mbn `hn¡p¶p. AXm-b Xv Fs¶- t¶-b v ¡ p- a mbn P\- \ -a -c -W - § fnÂ\n¶pw apà-\m-bn-¯o- cp¶p; Aar-X-cq-]-\m-bn-¯o-cp¶p. a\p-jysâ lrZbw AwKpjvT¯nsâ Af-thm-Sp-Iq-Snb-Xm-Ip-¶p. AXp-Xs¶ ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ D]-e-_[n-¡p-Åv Øm-\hpw AXn-\m ChnsS ]c-am-ßm-hns\ AMvKp-jvTam-{X- amb ]cn-Wm-a-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-h³ F¶p hÀ®n-¡p-¶p.

11. kÀÆm-\\-in-tcm-{Kohx kÀÆ-`q-X-Kplmibx. kÀÆ-hym]o k `K-hmw-kvX-kvamXv kÀh-KXx inhx.
FÃm Øm\-§fpw kÀtÆ-iz-c-\mb B `K-hmsâ apJam-Ip-¶p. FÃm Øm\-§fpw incÊpw Kfhpw BIp-¶p. Hmtcm Øm\¯pw Hmtcm Ah-b-h-§Ähgn \S- ¯- s¸-tS­ Imcy-§Ä \S- ¯p-¶- Xn At±lw kaÀ°-\m- W.v At±lw FÃm Pohn-I-fp-tSbpw lrZb cq]-am-Ip¶ IÃym-W-kz-cq-]\mb B ]c-ta-iz-c³ FÃm Øm\-§-fnepw F¯n-s¡m­n-cn-¡p-¶p. km[-I³ At±-ls¯ GXp-k-abw Fhn-sS, GXp- cq-]-¯n {]Xy- £- ambn ImWp-hm-\m-{K- ln-¡p-¶pthm AtX- k-abw AtX- Ø-e¯v AtX- cq-]- ¯n At±-l- ¯n\p {]Xy-£-s¸-Sp-hm³ Ign-bp-¶p.

14. kl-{k-ioÀjm ]pcpjx kl-{km£x kl-{k- ]mXv k `qanw hniztXm hrXzm-Xy-Xn-jvT-±-im-MvKp-ew.
B ]c-a-]p-cp-j-]-c-ta-iz-c\v Bbn-c-¡-W-¡n\p inc-ÊpIfpw Bbn-c-¡-W- ¡n- \p I®p-Ifpw Bbn- c- ¡-W-¡n\p ]mZ§-fp-ap-­v. AXm-bXv FÃm Ah-bh§fnÂ\n¶pw cln-X\m-bn-cp-¶n«pw At±-l-¯n\p inc-Ê,v I®p-IÄ, ]mZ-§Ä BZn-bmb FÃm Ah-bh§fpw A\-´hpw Akw-Jy-hpambn D­v. kÀÆ-i-àn-am-\mb B ]c-ta-iz-c³ FÃm temI§-tfbpw FÃm `mK-§-fnÂ\n¶pw hebw sNbvXp-sIm­v kÀh{X hym]vX-ambn \m`n-bnÂ\n¶pw ]¯w-Kpew apI-fnem- bn«v lrZ- bm-Im-i-¯n hkn-¡p-¶p. At±lw kÀÆ-hym]nbpw alm\pw Bbn-¯s¶ lrZ-bcq-]-am-Ip¶ GI-Ø-

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I e¯p ØnXn-sN-¿p-¶p. At±lw At\Iw hpcp² [À½§-fpsS B{i-b-am-Ip-¶p.

15. ]pcpj GthZw kÀÆw bZv`qXw b¨ `hyw DXm-ar-X-Xz-t ky-imt\m bZ-t¶-\m-Xn-tcm-l-Xn.

bmsXm¶v `qX- I m-e-¯ n kw`-hn-¨p-I -g n-ª n-cn-¡p¶pthm bmsXm¶v `mhn-bn kw`-hn-¡m-\n-cn-¡p-¶pthm bmsXm-¶p hÀ¯am\-Im-e-¯n A¶w hgn-bmbn AXmbXv `£-W-]-ZmÀ°-§Ä hgn-bmbn hfÀ¶p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p¶p- thm, B ]qÀ®- amb PK¯p ]c- a-]p-cp- j-\mb ]c-am- ßm18. \h-Zzmtc ]ptc tZlo lwtkm hnsâ Xs¶ kzcq-]-am-Ip-¶p. At±lw kzb-am-bn-¯s¶ teem-btX _lnx Xsâ kzcq-]-`q-X- amb ANn-´y-iàn-tbm-Sp-IqSn Cu cq]hio kÀÆky temIky Ømh-cky ¯n {]Xy-£-am-Ip-¶p. AXp-t]mse At±lw Aar-X- kzNcky N. cq-]-am-Ip¶ tam£-¯ nsâ bP-am-\-\m-Ip-¶p. AXm-bXv Pohn-Isf kwkm-c-_Ô\§-fnÂ\n¶pw tamNn-¸n¨v Xs¶ Ømh-c-Pw-K-a-§-fmb FÃm Pohn-I-fp-tSbpw kapZmb {]m]n-¡p-¶-h-cm-¡n-¯oÀ¡p-¶p. AXn-\m At±-ls¯ cq]-am-Ip¶ Cu {]]-©s¯ Xsâ A[o-\-¯n sh¨p{]m]n-¡p-¶-Xn- ¶-`nejn¡p- ¶p. km[-I- ·mÀ At±-l-¯nsâ sIm-­n-cn-¡p¶ B {]Im-i-a-b-\mb ]c-ta-iz-c\v c­p ic-W-¯n sN¶p-tN-c-Ww. IÀ®-§fpw c­p \mkn-Im-Zzm-c§fpw Hcp apJhpw Hcp KpZhpw Hcp enwKhpw D­v. C{]-Imcw H³]-Xp-hm-Xn-ep-I16. kÀÆXx ]mWn-]mZw XXv tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb a\p-jy-i-co-c-cq-]-am-Ip¶ \K-c-¯n At±lw kÀhtXm£nintcm apJw A´-cym-an- cq-]-t¯m-Sp-IqSn ØnXn-sN-¿p-¶p. At±-lw-Xs¶ kÀÆXx {ipXn-a-tÃmtI kÀÆ-am-h rXy Cu _mly-{]-]-©¯nepw eoe-IÄ \S-¯n-s¡m-­n-cnXnjvT -X n. ¡p¶p CsXÃmw a\-Ên-em¡n a\-Êns\ Fhn-Sw-hsc kpKB ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ ImÂ, ssI, inc-Êv, apJw, sNhn a- ambn Ønc-s¸-Sp-¯p-hm³ km[n- ¡ptam Ahn-Sw-hsc At±FÃmw Øm\-§-fm-Ip-¶p. B FÃm Øm\§fpw FÃm ls¯ [ym\n-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡-Ww. iàn- tbm-Spw-IqSn {]hÀ¯n-¡p-¶-Xn kaÀ°-§-fm-bn-cn¡p-¶p. At±lw FÃm-Øm-\¯pw Xsâ `à-·msc c£n¡p-¶-Xn\pw AXp-t]mse Ahsc X¶nte¡p kzoI-cn-¡p¶-Xn\pw Ic§Ä \o«n-s¡m-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. At±-l¯nsâ `à-·mÀ At±-ls¯ FhnsS B{K-ln-¡p-¶pthm AhnsS-¯s¶ At±lw F¯n- bn-cn-¡p-¶- Xmbn ImW-s¸- Sp-¶p. At±lw FÃm-Ø-e¯pw FÃm Pohn-Ifpw hgn \S-¯-s¸Sp¶ IÀ½-§sf I­p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. At±-l-¯nsâ `à-·mÀ FhnsS At±-ls¯ {]W-an-¡p-¶pthm (F- Ãm-bnS¯pw hym]vX-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶-Xp-Im-c-Ww) Ahn-sS-¯ s¶ At±-l-¯nsâ Nc-W-§fpw incÊpw ØnXn-sN-¿p-¶p. Xsâ `à-·m-cpsS {]mÀ°-\IÄ tIÄ¡p-¶-Xn-\p-th­n At±-l- ¯nsâ IÀ®-§Ä F§pw D­m-bn-cn- ¡p-¶p. Xsâ `à-·m-cm AÀ¸Ww sN¿-s¸-Sp¶ hkvXp¡sf A\p-`hn-¡p-¶-Xn\v At±-l-¯nsâ apJw FÃm-bn-S¯pw X¿mdmbpw Ccn-¡p-¶p. B ]c-ta-iz-c³ Cu {_Òm-WU-¯n v FÃm-¯n- s\bpw FÃm `mK-§-fnÂ\n¶pw hebw sNbvXp ØnXn-sN-¿p-¶p. Cu Imcy-§-sfÃmw hniz-kn¨v a\p-jyÀ At±-l-¯nsâ tkh-\-¯n hym]r-X-cm-bn-cn-¡-Ww. kw_Ôw þ At±lw ka-ktX- {µnb§fm cln-X-\m-bnv cp-¶n«pw FÃm C{µn-b§-fp-tSbpw hnj-b§sf Adn-bp¶p. CXp IqSp-X kv]jvS-am-¡p-¶p.

kÀÆ-i-àn-am-\mb ]c-a-]p-cp-j-\-]-c-am-ßmhv ka-ktXv {µn-b-c-ln-X-\m-Wv. tZtl-{µn-bmZn t`Z-§-fm iq\y-\m-bn-cp¶n«pw FÃm C{µnbhnj-b-§-tfbpw Adn-bp-¶p. AXpt]mse FÃm-¯n-sâbpw kzmanbpw ]c-a-k-aÀ°\pw FÃm¯n- s \bpw `cn-¡ p-¶ -h \pw Pohn-I sf kw_\v[ n¨nSt¯mfw Gähpw henb B{i-bhpw BIp-¶p. a\p-jy³ FÃm `mh-§-tfm-Spw-IqSn At±-l-¯n¯s¶ icWw {]m]n-¡-Ww. a\p-jy-i-co-cw-sIm-­pÅ Gä-hpw henb D]tbmKw CXm-Ip-¶p.

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19. A]m-Wn-]mtZm Pht\m {KloXm ]iy-Xy-N£px k irtWm-Xy-IÀ®x k th¯n thZyw \ N XkymkvXn th¯m Xam-lp-c{Kyw ]pcpjw alm-´w.
bmsXm-cp-¯sâ {]I-c-W-§Ä \S-¶ p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p¶pthm B ]c- {_Ò ]c- am- ßmhv lkvX- c-ln-X-\mbncp¶n«pw FÃm Øm\¯pw FÃm hkvXp-¡- tfbpw ]nSn-s¨-Sp-¡p-¶p. AXp-t]mse ]mZ-c-ln-X- \m-bn-cp-¶n«pw AXn-thKw C-Ñm-\pk-c-W-ambn F§pw Ka-\m-K- a-\-§Ä \S-¯p-¶p. \b-\-c-lnX-\m-bn-cp-¶n«pw FÃm Øm\¯pw FÃmw I­p-sIm-­n-cn¡p-¶p. IÀ®-c-ln-X-\m-bn- cp¶n«pw FÃm Øm\- ¯p-\n¶pw FÃmw {ihn-¡p-¶p. At±lw {Kmly-tbm-Ky-§-fmb PUtN-X-\hkvXp-¡sf \¶mbn Adn-bp¶p; F¶m At±- ls¯ Adn-bp-¶-h-cmbn Bcpw-Xs¶ CÃ. bmsXm-cp-¯³ FÃm-än-s\bpw Adn-bp-¶-h-\m-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm At±-ls¯ BÀ¡-dn-bm³ km[n-¡p¶p? At±-l-¯nsâ hnj-b-¯n Úm\n-I-fmb alm-ßm¡Ä ]d-bp-¶Xv At±lw AJn- e¯n-sâbpw BZnbpw ]pcm-X\pw alm-]p-cp-j\pw BIp¶p F¶m-W.v

17. kÀtÆ-{ µn-b-Kp-Wm-`mkw kÀtÆ-{µn-b-hnhÀÖnXw kÀÆky {]`p-aoim\w kÀÆky icWw _rl-Xv.

N

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153

I

20. AtWm-cWo-bm³ altXm alo-bmþ \mßm Kplmbmw \nlntXmky Pt´mx. Xa-{IXpw ]iyXn hoX-timtIm [mXpx {]km-Zm-·-ln-am-\-ao-iw.
kq£va-s¯- ¡mÄ AXn-kq-£vahpw Øqe-s¯-¡mÄ A-Xn-Øq-ehpw Bb B ]c-{_Ò ]c-am-ßmhv Cu PohnI-fpsS lrZ-bcq-]-am-Ip¶ Kpl-bn Hfn¨p-h-kn-¡p-¶p. FÃm-s¯bpw krjvSn-¨n-cn-¡p¶ B ]c-ta-iz-csâ Ir]bm¯s¶ a\p- jyÀ¡v kzmÀ°k¦ev] cln-X\pw Ir]mI-c\pw ]c-a-kp-lr-¯p-amb ]c-ta-iz-c-s \bpw At±-l¯nsâ aln-a-tbbpw {Kln-¡p-hm³ km[n-¡p-¶p. B ]ca-Z-bm-ep-hmb ]c-ta-iz-csâ Cu km£m-Xv¡mcw D­m-Ipt¼mÄ Fs¶-t¶-bv¡p-ambn FÃm {]Im-c-¯n-ep-apÅ ZpxJ§-fnÂ\n¶pw apà-\mbn ]c-am-\µ kzcq-]-\mb ]c-ta-izcs\ {]m]n-¡p-¶p.

­m-Ip-¶-Xn\p th­n-am{Xw Ah-bpsS IÀ½m-\p-k-c-W- ambn Cu \m\m-hÀ®-cq-]-§-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb PK-¯nsâ cN-\bpw ]me-\phw kwlm-chpw \S-¯p-I-bpw Imem-Im-e-§-fn Bh-iy-a-\p-k-cn¨v At\I cq]-§-fn {]Xy-£-am-hp-Ibpw sN¿p¶p B ]c-a-tZ-h\mb ]c-ta-iz-c³ hmkvX-h-¯n GI\pw AZzn-Xo-b-\p-am-Ip-¶p. At±-l¯nÂ\n¶pw AXncn-à-ambn H¶pw Xs¶- bn-Ã. At±lw \ap¡v kÂ_p²n {]Zm\w sN¿p-am-dm-I-tW. kw_Ôw þ C{]-Imcw {]mÀ°n-t¡-­-hn[w ]d-ªp-I-gnªp. C\n aq¶p a{´-§Ä hgnbmbn ]c-ta-iz-cs\ PK¯nsâ cq]-¯n Nn´n-¨p-sIm­v At±- ls¯ kvXpXn-¡p¶-Xn-\pÅ hn[-§Ä \nÀt±-in-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p.

K

2. XtZ-hm-án-kXZm-Zn-Xy-kvX-ZzmbpkvXZp N{µamx v XtZh ip{Iw XZv {_Ò XZm-]kvXXv {]Pm-] -X nx.

Aán, Pew, kqcy³, hmbp, N{µ³, aäpÅ {]Im-in¡p¶ FÃm \£{X-§-fpw, {]Pm-]-Xn-IÄ, {_Òmhv ChsbÃmw ]c{_Òw Xs¶-bm-Ip-¶p. Ch-sbÃmw GI\pw AZzn-Xo-b-\p-amb ]c-{_Ò ]c-ta-iz-csâ hn`q-Xn-IÄ Xs¶bm- I p- ¶ p. Ch- s b- à m- ¯ n- s âbpw A ´- c ym- a n- b mb thZ- c- l- ky-§sf hÀ®n- ¡p¶ alm- ]p-cp- j- ·mÀ bmsXm- Bßmhpw At±lw Xs¶-bm-Ip-¶p. AXn- \m Ch- sbÃmw cp-¯s\ P·-c-ln-X- \mbpw AXp-t]mse \nXy-\mbpw hnh- At±-l-¯nsâ cq]-am-Ip-¶p. C{]-Imcw ]qÀ®-amb PKcn-¡p-¶pthm At±lw hym]-I-\m-bn-cn-¡p-¶-Xp-Im-cWw ¯nsâ cq]-¯n B ]c-am-ßm-hn-s\-¸än Nn´n-¡-Ww. F§pw hncm-Pn-¨p-sIm-­n-c n-¡p- ¶p. bmsXm-cp-¯-\m 3. Xzw kv{Xo Xzw ]pam-\kn Ipam-ckv Xzw bmsXm-cp-Ø m-\hpw iq\y-am-Im-Xn-cn-¡p-¶pthm bmsXm-cpDX hm Ipamco ¯³ Pc, arXyp apX-emb FÃm hnIm-c-§-fnepw \n¶p kÀÆYm c lnX\pw kÀÆ-¯n-sâbpw BZn-]p-cm-W]p-cpXzw PoÀt®m ZWvtU\ h©kn Xzw PmtXm `hkn hniz-tXm-ap-Jx. j\pw Bbn-cn-¡p-¶pthm kI-e-¯n-sâbpw Bßmhpw A´-cym-an-bp-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm B ]c-ta-iz-c s\ Rm³ tl kÀth-iz-cm, A§v kv{Xo, ]pcp-j³, Ipam-c³, Adn-bp¶p F¶v ]c-am-ßm-hns\ {]m]n¨p alm-ßm-¡Ä Ipamcn BZn-bmbn At\Iw cq]-§-tfm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-h-\m-Ip-¶p. ]dbp- ¶p. AXm-bXv Ch-sb-Ãm-¯n-sâbpw cq]-¯n A§p {]I-Sam-bn-s¡m-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. A§p-Xs¶ hr²-\m-bn«v hSn-bpsS klm-b-¯m \S-¡p¶p; AXm-bXv A§p-Xs¶ hr²-cqNXpÀYm- ² ymbw ]-¯n {]Xy-£-s¸-Sp-¶p. tl ]c-am-ß-³, A§p-Xs¶ 1. b GtImhÀt®m _lp[m iàn-tbm-KmZv hncmSv cq]-¯n {]Xy-£-am-bn«v FÃm `mK-t¯bv¡pw apJw Xncn-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡¶p; AXm-bXv ]qÀ®-amb Cu hÀ®m-\-t\-Im³ \nln-XmÀtYm Z[mXn PK¯v A§-bp-sS-kz-cq]w Xs¶-bm-Ip-¶p. temI-¯n hn ssNXn Nmt´ hniz-amZu k tZhx F{Xtbm apJ-§Ä ImW-s¸- Sp¶p. Ah- sbÃmw A§-bpsS k t\m _p²ym ip`bm kwbp-\-àp. Xs¶-bm-Ip-¶p. bmsXmcp ]c-{_-Ò-]-c-am-ßmhp \ncm-Im-c-kz-cq-]-¯n 4. \oex ]XMvtKm lcntXm temln-Xm-£þ cp]-hÀ®mZn cln-X-\m-bn-cp-¶n«pw krjvSn-bpsS Bcw-`kvXUn-ZvKÀ` EXhx kap{Zmx ¯n GtXm cl-ky-]qÀ®-amb Dt±iw ImcWw Xsâ A\m-Zn-aXzw hn`p-tXz\ hÀ¯tk kzcq]`qX-§-fmb \m\m-{]-Im-c-¯n-epÅ iàn-I-fpsS kw_-Ô-t¯m-Sp-IqSn At\I-§-fmb cq]-hÀ®m-Zn-Isf btXm PmXm\n `ph-\m\n hnizm. [mcWw sN¿p-¶p. AXp-t]mse Ah-km\w Cu ]qÀ®`K-hm-t\, kÀÆ-t´- cym-an-bmb A§p \oe-hÀ®-t¯mamb PK¯v bmsXm-cp-¯-\n hneo-\-am-Ip¶p AXm-bXv Sp-Iq-Snb Nn{X-i -e-` hpw AXp-t]mse lcn-X-hÀ®hpw Xsâ {]tbm-P-\-¯n-\m-bn-«-ÃmsX Pohn-IÄ¡p ku`m-Ky-apNph¶ I®pIfpapÅ ]£nbpw BIp¶p; A§p-Xs¶

21. thZm-l-ta-X-a-Pcw ]pcmWw kÀÆm-ßm\w kÀÆ-KXw hn`p-Xzm-Xv. P·\ntcm[w {]h-Z´n bky {_Ò-hm-Znt\m ln {]h-Z´n \nXyw.

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154

I hnZy-¯n-\m bpà-amb taL-am-Ip-¶p. hk-´m-ZnIfmb
FÃm EXp-¡fpw k]vX-k-ap-{Z-§fpw A§-bpsS cq]w-X-s¶bm-Ip-¶p. AXm-bXv Cu \m\m-{]-Im-c-¯n-epÅ hÀ®cq]§tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb FÃm PU-tN-X-\-hkvXp-¡-fpsS cq]¯n Rm³ A§sb¯s¶ ZÀin-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. F´p- sIm-s­- ¶m A§n \n¶p-Xs¶ Cu FÃm temI§fpw Ah-bn hkn-¡p¶ FÃm Poh-Pm-e-§fpw DÛhn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. hym]-I-amb cq]-¯n A§p-Xs¶ FÃm¯nepw hncm-Pn-¡p-¶p. AXp-t]mse Ahy-àhpw Poh-cq]hpw Bb A\mZn {]Ir-Xn-bpsS (C-h-]cm, A]cm F¶ t]cn hnfn-¡-s¸-Sp-¶p) bP-am-\\pw A§p-Xs¶ BIp¶p. AXn-\m GI- am-{X-\mb A§sb¯s¶ Rm³ FÃm¯n- sâbpw cq]-¯n ZÀin-¡p-¶p.

kw_Ôw þ ]cm-{]-Ir-Xn-cq-]-amb B Poh-k-ap-Zm-b-¯n\v Ft¸mÄ F§s\ hnap-à-am-Ip-hm³ Ign-bp¶p F¶p ASp¯ c­p a{´-§-fn-embn ]d-bp¶p þ

K

6. Zzm kp]À®m kbpPm kJmbm kam\w hr£w ]cn-j-kz-PmtX Xtbm-c\yx ]n¸ew kzmZz-Xyþ \iv\-¶t\ym A`n-Nm-I -io-Xn.

N

Cu a{´- ¯n ico-cs¯ Aiz-°-hr-£-¯nsâbpw Pohm-ßm-hn-sâbpw ]c-am-ßm-hn-sâbpw ]£nIfpsSbpw cq]-¯n hÀ®n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. CXp-t]m-se-Xs¶ ItTm-]-\nj-¯n Pohm-ßm-hn-s\bpw ]c-am-ßm-hn-s\bpw Kpl-bn {]hn-jvS-amb \ng- en-sâbpw {]Im-i-¯n-sâbpw cq]-¯n kw_Ôw þ ]qÀÆ-a-{´-¯n ]c-{_-Ò-]-c-ta-iz-cs\ c­p hÀ®n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. c­p Øm\-§-fp-tSbpw `mhw H¶p-X{]Ir-Xn-I-fpsS kzman-sb¶p ]d-ªn-cn-¡p-¶p. B c­v s¶. a{´-¯nsâ kmcmwiw a\p-jy-i-cocw BÂhr-£A\m-Zn-{]-Ir-Xn-IÄ GsXÃmw? CXns\ hni-Zo-I-cn-¡p¶p þ ¯n\p ka-am-Ip¶p F¶m-W.v Cuiz-c\pw Pohm-ßmhpw þ Ch c­pw H¶n¨p hkn-¡p¶ c­p ]£n-Isf-t¸m-se5. APm-taImw temlnX ip¢IrjvWmw bpÅ an{X-§-fm-Ip-¶p. Ch c ­pw Cu ico-c-cq-]-am-Ip¶ hÓox {]Pmx krP-am\mw kcq]mx hr£- ¯n H¶n¨v Htc lrZ-b-cq-]-am-Ip¶ amf-¯n \nhAtPm tlytIm Ppj-amtWm\ptitX kn-¡p-¶p. ico-c-¯n hkn-¨p-sIm­v {]mcm-_v[-§Ä¡\p-k-c-W- ambn Cu hr£-¯nsâ ^e-§tfm F¶p tXm¶pPlm-tXy\mw `pàt`mKm-a tPm\yx. amdv kpJ-ZpxJ cq]-§-fmb IÀ½- ^-e-§sf {]m]n-¡p-¶p. Ignª a{´-¯n kqNn-¸n¨ c­p {]Ir-XnIfn Cu ^e-§sf Pohm-ß-cq-]-am-Ip¶ ]£n AXn-kzm-tZm-SpH¶m-Is« KoX-bn hÀ®n-¨n-cn-¡p¶p A]-c-bm-Ip-¶p. IqSn `pPn-¡p-¶p. AXm-bXv lÀj-tim-I-§sf A\p-`-hn-¨pAXn\v F«p t`Z-§fpw ]d-ªn-cn-¡p-¶p. CXv Xsâ A[nsIm­p IÀ½-^-es¯ t`mKn-¡p-¶p. c­m-as¯ Cuiz-cjvTm-Xm-hmb ]c-a-tZ-h-]-c-ta-iz-csâ km¶n-[y-¯n Xtâcq-]-am-Ip¶ ]£n Cu ^e-§sf `£n-¡p-¶n-Ã. I­p-sImXs¶ kmZr- i y- ¯ n AXm- b Xv {Xn¡p- K p- a -b - a mb ­p-am{Xw Ccn-¡p-¶p. AXm-bXv Cu ico-c-¯m {]m]vXAkwJyw Poh-tZl§sf krjvSn- ¨n-cn-¶p. {XnKp-W-ambn §-fmb kpJ-Zpx-J-§sf AXv Bkz-Zn-¡p-¶nÃ; Ah-bpsS AYhm {XnKp-Wm-ß- I- am-b-Xn-\m CXns\ {XnhÀ®-§-tfmkm£n- am-{X-am- bn-¯o-cp- ¶-tX-bp-Åq. ]c-am- ßm-hn-s\- t¸mse Sp-Iq-Sn-bXv F¶p ]d-bp-¶p. kXzw, cP-Ê,v XaÊv Cu aq¶p Pohm-ßmhpw ZÀi- I³ am{X- am- bn-cn-¡p-I-bmsW¦n ]ns¶ KpW-§Ä Xs¶ CXnsâ aq¶p-hÀ®-§-fm-Ip-¶p. kXzCXn\v Ah-tbmSp bmsXmcp kw_-Ôhpw Ah-ti-jn-¡pKpWw \nÀ½-ehpw AXp-t]mse {]Im-i-I-hp-am-b-Xn-\m ¶n-Ã. C§s\ Xs¶ Pohm-ßm-hnsâ kw_-Ô-¯nepw AXns\ tizX-sa¶p Icp-Xp-¶p. ctPm-KpWw cmKm-ß-I-amap³a- {´-§-fn ]d- ªn-cn- ¡p-¶-Xp- t]mse AXp {]Ir-Xnsb Ip-¶p. AXn-\m AXnsâ hÀ®w Nph-¸mbn Icp-Xp-¶p. A\p`hn¨-Xn-\p-tijw AXns\ \nÊm-c-ambn ]cn-K-Wn¨v AX-t]mse Xtam-KpWw AÚm-\-cq-]¯nsâ Bh-cW]cn-Xy-Pn-¡p-¶p. AXnÂ\n¶pw apJs¯ ]n´n-cn-¡p-¶p. t¯m-Sp- Iq-Sn-b-Xm-I- bm IrjvW-hÀ®-ambn ]d-b-s¸-Sp-¶p. AXns\ kw_- Ôn-¨n-S-t¯mfw ]n¶oSv {]Ir-Xn-bpsS AXmCu aq¶p KpW-§-tfm-Spw-IqSn {]Ir-Xnsb shfp-¸v, NphbXv PK-¯nsâ k¯ Xs¶ CÃm-Xm-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. ]ns¶¸v, Idp¸v F¶o hÀ®-§-fn ]d-b-s¸-Sp-¶p. c­m-a-t¯Xv bm-Is« AXpw AXnsâ an{Xhpw þ Ch-c­pw am{Xw Poh-cq-]-amb ]c AYhm tNX-\m-{]-Ir-Xn-bpsS \ma-¯m Ahtijn-¡p-Ibpw ]c-k]cw an{X-X-bpsS B\µw A\pv t£{XÚ F¶ t]cnepw AXp-t]mse A£-c-]p- cp-jsâ `-hn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. \ma- ¯nepw hÀ®\w sN¿-s¸-«n- cn- ¡p-¶p. AXn\v c­p `mK§- fp-­.v H¶m-a-t¯Xv A]cm {]Ir- Xn-bn Bk-à- \m-bn«v 7. kamt\ hrt£ ]pcptjm \na-támþ AXn-t\mSv sFIyw {]m]n¨v AXnsâ hnNn-{X- §-fmb t`mK\oibm timNXn aply-am\x §sf X§-fpsS IÀ½-§Ä¡-\p-k-cW-am-b-\p-`-hn-¡p¶ PqjvSw bZm ]iy-Xy-\y-ao-iþ Pohn-IÄ, c­m-a-t¯Xv bmsXm-cp-¯À Cu t`mK§sfÃmw aky aln-am-\-anXn hoXtimIx. A\p-`-hn-¨n«v Chsb \nÊmc§fpw £W-`w-Kpc§fp-am-bn¡-cpXn ]cn-]qÀ®-ambpw ]cn-Xy-Pn-¡p¶ Úm\n-I-fmb Cu ico-c-cq-]-am-Ip¶ Htc hr£-¯n lrZ-b-cq-]-amalm-]p-cp-j·m-cpsS kaq-lw. Cu c­n-\-¯nepw s]«n-«p- Ip¶ IqSn-\p- Ån ]c- am-ßm- hn- t\m- sSm¯p Ign-ªp- Iq-Sp¶ Å-hÀ AP-·m-¡fpw A\m-Zn-I- fp-am-Ip- ¶p. CXn-\m Chsc Cu Pohm-ßmhv Xt¶m-Sp-IqSn hkn-¡p¶ ]ca kplr"AP-·mÀ' F¶p hnfn-¡p-¶p.*

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155

I ¯mb ]c-ta-iz-csâ t\sc ZrjvSn-I-fp-bÀ¯msX Cu ico-

fnÂ\n¶pw cNn-¨n-cn-¡-¶p. C{]-Imcw cNn-¡-s¸-«n-cn-¡¶ c-¯n¯s¶ Bk-à-am-bn«v taml-§-fn \na-á-ambn Cu PK-¯n aäp-Åh AXm-bXv t\cs¯ hÀ®n-¨n-«pÅ ico-ct¯mSv AXy´w aaX ]peÀ¯n-s¡m­v AXp-hgn- Úm\n-I-fmb alm-]p-cp-j-·m-cnÂ\n¶pw `n¶-ambn Pohbmbn t`mK-§sf D]t`mKn-¡p- ¶-Xn X¸-c-X-tbm-Sp-IqSn k-ap-Zm-bam-Ip-¶-am-b-bn _Ôn-¡-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶p. Xsâhkn¨v Ak-aÀ°-X-bmepw Zo\-X-bmepw tamln-X-ambn kzm-an-bmb ]c-{_-Ò-]-c- ta-iz-cs\ km£m-XvI-cn-¡m-Xn-cn- ¡p\m\m- {]-Im-c- §-f n-e p-a pÅ ZpxJ-§ sf A\p-` -hn-¨p-sIm- ¶-Xp-hsc Ah\v Cu {]Ir-Xn-bnÂ\n¶pw tamN\w t\Sp­pIgnbp-¶p. Ft¸m-sg-¦nepw Ch-sâ-ta `K-hmsâ Zb- hm³ km[n-¡p-¶n- Ã. AXn-\m a\p-jyÀ¡v B ]c-am-ßmbp-­m-Ip-t¼mÄ Ch³ X¶nÂ\n¶pw `n¶hpw Xt¶m- hns\ Adn-bp-¶-Xn\pw {]m]n-¡p-¶-Xn-\p-apÅ D¡- S-amb sSm¯p hkn-¡p-¶-Xp-amb ]c-a-{]n-b-\mb `K-hms\ Xncn- A`n-emjw D­m-bn-cn-¡-Ww. ¨-dn-bp-¶p. bmsXm- cp-¯³ `à-P-\-§-fm \nc-´cw tkhn10. ambmw Xp {]IrXnw hnZym-·m-bn\w Xp X-\m-bn-cn-¡p¶ B ]c-ta-iz-c-s\bpw AXp-t]mse At±-latl- izcw ¯nsâ BÝ-cy-a-bn-bmb aln-a-tbbpw PK-¯n `n¶-`nXkym-h-b -h-` q-s sX-k vX p- hym]vX w ¶-{]-Im-c-§-fn {]I-S-am-bn-s¡m-­n-cn-¡p-¶-Xns\ ZÀin¨p kÀÆ-anZw PK-Xv. Ign-bp-t¼mįs¶ Ah³ kÀÆYm timI-c-ln-X-\m-bn¯ocp¶p. Cu {]I-c-W-¯n bmsXm-¶ns\ amb-bpsS \ma- ¯nÂ

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8. EtNm A£tc ]cta thyma³ bkvan³ tZhm A[n hntiz \ntjZpx bkvXw \ thZ InarNm Icn-jyXn b CXv XZv hnZpkvX Cta kam-k-tX.
]c-{_-Ò]-c-ta-iz-csâ BIm-i-kz-cq-]-am-Ip¶ ]c-a-[ma-¯n ka-kvX-tZ-h-K-W-§Ä AXm-bXv B ]c-am-ßmhnsâ ]mÀj-Z-K-W-§Ä B ]c-ta-iz-cs\ tkhn- ¨p-sIm­p \nh-kn-¡p-¶p. Ahn-sS-¯s¶ ka-kX- th-Z- §fpw ]mÀjv Z-·m-cpsS cq]-¯n aqÀ¯n-a¯mb `K-hm³sd tkh-\-a\p-jvTn-¡p-¶p. bmsXmcp a\p-jy³ B ]c-a-[m-a-¯n hkn¡p¶ ]c-{_Ò ]pcptjm¯-as\ Adn-bm-Xn-cn-¡p-¶pthm ka-kvX-thZ§fpw At±-l-¯n\v tkh-\-a-\pjvT n¡p¶ At±-l-¯nsâ Xs¶ AwK- `q-X-am- Ip¶ ]mÀj- Zvam- sc¶ clkys¯ Adn-bm-Xn-cn-¡p-¶p-thm, Ah³ thZ-§Ä hgnbmbn F´p {]tbm-P\w t\Spw? AXm- bXv bmsXm¶pw t\Sphm³ km[n-¡p-I-bn-Ã. F¶m bmsXm-cp-¯³ B ]c-amßm-hns\ XmXzn-I-ambn {Kln-¡p-¶p-hthm Ah-\m-Is« B ]c-a -[m-a-¯nÂXs¶ kay-¡m-b-hn-[-¯n ØnXn-sN- ¿p¶p. AXm-bXv Ahn-sS-\n¶pw Hcn-¡epw Xncn-¨p-t]m-cp -¶n-Ã.

hÀ®n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶pthm AXm-Is« `K-hmsâ iàn-cq-]-{]-IrXnbpw B ambm-\m-a-¯m Adn-b-s¸-Sp¶ iàn- cq-]-{]-IrXn-bpsS A[n-]Xn ]c-{_-Ò-]-c-ta-iz-c-\mb atlizc-\p-am-Ip¶p. C§s\ Ch c­n-t\bpw {]tXyIw {]tXy-I-ambn a\Ên-em-¡- Ww. B ]c-ta-iz-csâ iàn- cq- ]-{]-Ir-Xn-bp-sS-X- s¶ AwK-`q-X-amb Imc-W-Imcy kap-Zm-b-¯m Cu k¼qÀ®P-K¯p hym]vX-am-bn-s¡m-­n-cn-¡p-¶p.

11. tbm tbm\nw tbm\n-a-[n-Xn-jvT-tXytIm bkvan-¶nZw k N hn ssNXn kÀhw Xaoim\w hcZw tZh-aoUyw \nNm-t¿amw im´n-a-Xy-´-ta-Xn.
]c-{_Ò ]c-ta-iz-c³ Hmtcm tbm\n-bp-tSbpw GI-\mb A²y-£- \m-Ip-¶p. At±lw temI-¯n F{X {]Im-c-§fn-epÅ Imc-W-§Ä AwKo-I-cn-¡-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶pthm AhbpsS FÃmw A[n-jTm-Xm-hm-Ip¶p. Ah-bn GsX-¦nepw v Imcys¯ DÛ-hn-¸n-¡p- ¶-Xn-\pÅ iàn kÀÆ-Im- c-W- \mb B ]c-am-ßm-hn³tdXm-Wv. At±-l-¯nsâ taÂt\m-«-¯n Xs¶ Ah B Imcy-§-sfÃmw Dev]-¶-am-¡p-¶p. B ]cta-iz-c³ Xs¶ Ah-bpsS FÃmw taÂ`-cWw \S¯p-¶p. Ah-bpsS FÃm hyh-ØIfpw bYm-tbmKyw \S-¯-s¸-SpIbpw sN¿p-¶p. Cu FÃm temI-§fpw {]f-b-Im-e¯v At±-l-¯n¯s¶ hneo-\-am-Ip-Ibpw AXp-t]mse ho­p-ap-­m-Ip¶ krjvSn-Im-e-¯Â At±-l-¯nÂ\n-¶pXs¶ hnhn[ cq]-§-fn DÛ- hn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. kÀÆ\n-b-a-´mhpw hc-Zm-b-I\pw GI-am-{X-kvX p-Xn-tbm-Ky\pw kÀÆ-kp-lr¯pw Bb ]ctaizc-]-cam-ßm-hns\ Adnªn«v Cu Pohn-IÄ \nc-´cw kw`-hn-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p¶ ]c-a-\nÀÆm-W-cq-]-amb im´nsb {]m]n-¡p-¶p.

9. Oµmwkn bÚmx {IXth {hXm\n `qXw `hyw b¨ thZm hZ´n bkvam-·mbo krPtX hniz-ta-X-Xv. Xkvanw Ýmt\ym ambbm kw\n-cp-²x.
ka-kX-th-Z-cq-]amb Oµ-Êp-IÄ, bÚ-§Ä, {IXpv ¡Ä AXm-bXv tPymXn-jvtSm-amZn hntij bÚ-§Ä, \m\m-{]-Im-c-¯n-epÅ {hX-§Ä, k¡À½-§Ä, kZm-Nmc-§Ä, Ah-bpsS \nb-a-§Ä AXp-t]mse aäp-Å-`q-Xw, hÀ¯-am-\w, `mhn ]ZmÀ°-§Ä Ch-bpsS hÀ®\w thZ§-fn ImW-s¸-Sp-¶p. Ch-sb-Ãm-¯n-t\bpw {]Ir-Xn-bpsS A[n-jTn-Xm-hmb ]c-ta-iz-c³Xs¶ Xsâ Awi-`q-X-ambn v t\ct¯ ]d-ªn-cn-¡p-¶p. ]©-`q-XmZn XXz-k-ap-Zm-b-§-

12. tbm tZhm\mw {]`-h-tÝm-ÛhÝ hniz-[nt]m cpt{Zm alÀjnx lnc-Wy-KÀ`w ]iyX Pmb-am-\w k t\m _p²ym ip`bm kwbp-\-àp.

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AJn-e-t¯bpw Xtâ-Xmb `c-W-¯n h¨p-sIm-­n-cn¡p¶ cp{Z-cq- ]- t¯m- Sp-Iq- Snb ]c- ta-iz- c³ C{µmZn FÃm tZhX-I-tfbpw krjvSn-¡p-Ibpw hfÀ¯p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. AXp-t]mse FÃm-¯nsâbpw A[n-]-Xnbpw alm-Úm-\k-¼-¶\pw Bbn-cn-¡p-¶p. bmsXm-cp-¯³ krjvSn-bpsS Bcw-`-¯n Gä-hp-am-Zy-ambn DÛ-hn¨ lnc-Wy-KÀ`s¯ I­n-cp-¶pthm AXm-bXv bmsXm¶v {_Òm-hnsâ ]qÀÆhÀ¯n-bm-bn-cp-¶pthm B ]c-a-tZ-h-\mb ]c-am-ßmhv \aps¡Ãmw kÂ_p²n {]Zm\w sN¿tW. B kÂ_p²n Pohn-Isf Ieym-W-cq-]-\mb ]c-am-ßm-hn-te¡p tNÀ¡p-¶Xn-\p-Å-Xm-Ip-¶p. Kmb-{Xo-a-{´- ¯nepw CtX _p²n-¡p-th­n-¯s¶ {]mÀ°\ \S-¯p- ¶p. Cu D]- \n-j-¯nsâ Bcw`-¯n Cu a{´w h¶p-I-gn-ªn-«p-­v.

\ne-\n-ev¡p-¶Xpw Ako-ahpw Ahn\minbpw AXn-i-bt¯m-Sp-Iq-Sn-bXp-amb im´nsb {]m]n-¡p-¶p. F´p-sIms­-¶m B alm-]p-cp-j³ Cu Aim´-amb PK-Xv {]]©t¯mSp kÀÆYm kw_- Ô- c-ln-X\pw hnc-à-\p-amIp-¶p.

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15. k Gh Imte `ph-\ky tKm]vXm hnizm-[n]x kÀÆ-`qtXjp KqVmx. bkvan³ bpàm {_ÒÀjtbm tZh-XmÝ Xtahw ÚmXzm arXyp-]mimwivOn\-¯n.

bmsXm-cp-¯sâ hÀ®\w IqsS-¡qsS sN¿-s¸-«n-cn-¡p¶pthm B ]c-a-tZh ]c-ta-iz-c³ Xs¶ ka-b-¯n\v AXmbXv hÀ¯- am-\-Im-e-¯Â kIe {_Òm- WvU- t¯bpw kwc13. tbm tZh-\m-a-[nt]m bkvanw-tÃmIm A[n-{in-Xmx. £n-¡p-¶-Xp-t]mse At±lw ]qÀ® PK-¯nsâ A[n-]b Cuti Aky Zzn]-Z-Ý-Xp-jv]Zx Ikvssa tZhmb Xnbpw FÃm Pohn-I-fnepw A´-cym-an-bmb cq]-¯n Hfnlhnjm hnt[-a. ªn-cn-¡p-¶-h-\p-am-Ip-¶p. At±-l-¯n¯s¶ thZ-c- lbmsXmcp kÀÆ- \n- b-´m-hmb ]c-ta-iz-c³ kakvX tZh- ky-§sf Adn-ªn-cn-¡p¶ alÀjn-K-W-§fpw FÃm tZhI-fp-tSbpw A[n-]Xn-bm-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm bmsXm-cp-¯-\n X-Ifpw [ym\w hgn-bmbn kmßyw {]m]n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. FÃmka-kX- tem-I-§fpw FÃm {]Im-c-¯nepw B{in-X-am-bn-cn- hcpw At±-ls¯ kvacn-¡p-Ibpw Nn´n-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXpv ¡p-¶pthm bmsXm¶p Øqehpw kq£vahpw Ahy-à- sIm­v At±-l-¯n¯s¶ ]än-t¨À¶n-cn-¡p-¶p. C{]amb Ah-Ø-b nÂXs¶ FÃm-hn-[-¯ nepw FÃm-¯n- Imcw ]c-a-tZ-h\mb B ]ctaizcs\ Adn-ªn«v a\p-jyÀ ba-cm-Psâ FÃm ]mi§tfbpw AXm-bXp P\-\-a-c-W-Imsâbpw B{i-b-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm bmsXm¶v c­p ]mZ-§tfmSpw \mep-]m-Z-§-tfmSpw IqSn-bhbp-sS-ta AXm-bXv c-W-`q-X-§-fmb FÃm _\v[-\§-tfbpw apdn¨p-I-f-bp-¶p. - FÃm Poh-k-ap-Zm-b-§-fp-tS-bpw- ta Xsâ ANn-´y-i-àn- ]n¶oSv Ah³ Hcn-¡epw {]Ir-Xn-bpsS _Ô-\-¯n AIv Zzmcm `cWw \S-¯p-¶pthm B B\-µ-cq-]\pw kÀÆm-[m- s¸-Sp-¶nÃ; Fs¶-t¶- b¡p-ambn kÀÆYm apà-\m-bn-¯ocp-¶p. c\pw kÀÆ-i-àn-am\pw Bb ]c-ta-iz-cs\ \ap¡v {i²m`-àn-]qÀÆw lhnÀcq-]-am-Ip¶ ImgvN kaÀ¸Ww sNbvXp16. LrXm-Xv]cw aWvU-an-hm-Xn-kq£vaw sIm­v ]qPn-¡ mw. AXm- b Xv FÃmw At±-l -¯ n\p ÚmXzm inhw kÀÆ-`qtXjp KqVw. kaÀ¸Ww sNbvXp-sIm­v At±-l-¯n-tâ-Xp-X-s¶-bm-¡nhniz-sskyIw ]cn-th-jvS n-Xmcw ¯oÀ¡mw. CXp-Xs¶ At±-ls¯ {]m]n-¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ ÚmXzm tZhw apNytX kÀÆ-]mssix. kl-P-amb D]m-bw.

14. kq£vam-Xn-kq£vaw Ien-eky at[y hnizky {kjv Sm-a-t\-I-cq]w hniz-sskyIw ]cn-th-jvS n-Xmcw ÚmXzm inhw im´n-a-´y-´-ta-Xn.

bmsXmcp ]c-{_-Ò-]-c-am-ß mhv kq£v at¯-¡mÄ AXy´w kq£vam-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm AXm-bXp bmsXm¶v At±-l-¯nsâ Ir] IqSmsX {Kln-¡ -s ¸-Sp-¶ n-Ãtbm bmsXm¶v kI-e-Xnsâbpw lrZ-bKp-lm-cq-]-am-Ip¶ cl17. Gj tZthm hniz-IÀ½m almßm kykt¦X-¯n ØnXn-sN-¿p¶pthm bmsXm¶v \t½mSv kZm P\m\m lrZtb k¶nhnjvSx Gähpw ASp-¯n-cn-¡p-¶pthm bmsXm¶v AJn-e-tem-IlrZm a\ojm a\-km-`n-¢n]vtXm t¯bpw krjvSn-¡p-¶pthm AXp-t]mse kzbw hniz-cq-]b GXZv hnZp-c-ar-XmkvtX `h-´n. ambn At\-I -c q-] - § sf [cn-¨ p-s Im-­ n-c n-¡ p-¶ pthm bmsXm¶p \ncm-Im-c-cq-]-t¯m-Sp-IqSn kakvX temI-§{]]-©s¯ krjvS n¨ Cu alm-ßmhv AXm-bXv tfbpw FÃm `mK-§-fnÂ\n¶pw he-bw-sNbvXp hkn-¡p- kÀÆiàn-am\pw kÀÆ-hym-]nbpw Bb Cu ]ctaizc³ ¶pthm Ah- bs¡- Ãm-ap- ]-cn- bmbn GI\pw AZzn- Xob Ieym- kZm-k-a-bhpw FÃm a\p-jy-cp-tSbpw lrZ-b§-fn kayv W-kz-cq-]\p-amb atlizc\ Adn-ªn«v a\p-jyÀ \nXyw ¡mb hn[-¯n ØnXn-sN-¿p-¶p. At±-l-¯nsâ KpW-

sh®-bpsS apIÄ`mK-¯pÅ kmcmw-i-s¯-t ¸mse bmsXm¶v FÃm-¯ n³sdbpw kmchpw AXp-t]mse kq£vahpw BIp-¶pthm Ieym-W-kz-cq-]\pw GI-am-{X- \pamb B ]c-a-tZh ]c-ta-iz-cs\ FÃm Pohn-I-fnepw Hfnªn-cn-¡p-¶-h-\mbpw AXp-t]mse AJn- eP-K-¯n-sâbpw FÃm`mK§fnÂ\n¶pw he-bw-sNbvXv AXns\ hym]vX-am¡p-¶-h-\p-ambn Adn-ªn«p a\p-jyÀ FÃm _Ô-\-§-fn \n¶pw tamN\w {]m]n-¡p-¶p.

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I {]-`mh§sf {ihn-¨n«p {Zhn-Xhpw hnip-²-hp-amb \nÀ½-e-

ikvkv' BIp-¶pthm bmsXm-¶nsâ alm-b-iÊv kÀÆ{X lr-Z-b-t¯mSpw \nÝ-ebp-à-amb _p²n-tbmSpw AXp- {]kn-²-am- bn- cn-¡p- ¶pthm B ]cm-]- c- {_-Ò-¯n\p bmsXmcp t]mse GIm-{K-amb a\-Êp-h-gn-bmbpw \nc-´- c-ambn [ym\n- D]-a-Ifpw {Kln-¡p-¶-Xn\pw {Kln-¸n-¡p-¶-Xn\pw km[y-am¨m am{Xta B ]c- am-ßmhp {]Xy- £- am-I-bp-Åq. Cu cl- I- ¯-¡-hn-[- ¯n ImW- s¸- Sp- ¶n- Ã. AXn-\m a\pjyÀ B ky-§sf {Kln- ¨n-«pÅ km[-I³ At±- ls¯ {]m]n¨v Aar- ]c-a-amb XXzs¯ Adn-bp-¶-Xn\pw {]m]n-¡p-¶-Xn\pw A`nX-kz-cq-]-\m-bn-¯o-cp¶p; Fs¶t¶bv¡p-ambn P\-\-a-c-W- em-j-ap-Å- h- cm- bn- cn-¡- Ww. F´p- sIm-s­- ¶m a\p-jyÀ¡v AXp e`n-¡p-¶-Xm-sW-¦n \ap-¡p-aXp e`n-¡-Ww. §-fn \n¶pw apà-\m-Ip-¶p.

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18. bZm Xa-kvX¶ Znhm \ cm{XnÀ \ k¶ Nmk-RvOnh Gh tIhex XZ-£cw XÕ-hn-XpÀh-tcWyw {]Úm N XkvamXv {]krXm ]pcm-Wo.
bmsXm-cp-k-a bw AÚm-X- c q-]-am- Ip¶ AÔ-Im-c¯nsâ A`mhw D­m-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm B kabw {]Xy-£am-Ip¶ XXzw ]Iepw cm{Xnbpw BIp-¶n-Ã. AXm-bXv AXns\ ]IÂt]mse {]Im-i-a-bambpw cm{Xn-¡p-Xpeyw AÔIm-c-ambpw ]d-bp-hm³ km²y-a-à . F´p-sIm-s­¶m AXv c­n-s\-¡mfpw Akm-[m-c-Wm-Ip-¶p. AhnsS Úm\m-Úm-\-§-fpsS t`Z§Ät¡m Iev]-\-IÄt¡m Øm\-an-Ã. AXv k¯pw Ak¯pw BIp-¶n- Ã. AXns\ ks¯¶pw Ak-s¯¶pw ]d-tb­ {]iv\ta DZn-¡p-¶nÃ. F´p-sIm-s­-¶m AXv ks¯¶pw Ak-s¯-¶papÅ \ma-§-fm Adn-b- s¸- Sp¶ FÃm hkvXp-¡-tf-¡mfpw AÛ p- X - I - c - a m- W v . GI- a m{X Ieym- W - k z- c q- ] - \ mb inh³Xs¶ B XXz-am-Ip-¶p. At±lw kÀÆYm Ahn-\min-bm-Ip-¶p. kqcym-Zn-I-fmb FÃm tZh-I-fp-tSbpw D]m-kytZ-h-\m-Ip-¶p. At±-l-¯nÂ\n-¶p-Xs¶ BZn apX \ne\n¶ph-cp¶ Cu A\m-Zn-bmb Úm\w hnImkw {]m]n-¨psIm-­n-cn-¡p- ¶p. AXm-bXv ]c- am- ßm- hns\ Adn-bp-¶- Xn\pw {]m]n- ¡p- ¶-Xn-\pw-th-­n-bpÅ km[\ A[n- Im- cn-I-fpsS ]c¼-c-bnÂ\n¶pw {]m]vX- ambn \ne-\n-¶p-h-cp-¶p.

20. \ kwZrti XnjvTXn cq]-aky \N£pjm ]iyXn IÝ-ss\-\w. lrZm lrZnØw a\km b G\þ tahw hnZp-c-ar-XmkvtX `h-´n.
bmsXm-¶nsâ {]I- cWw \S- ¶p-sIm-­n- cn-¡p- ¶pthm B ]ca {]m]y-\mb ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ kzcq]w ZrjvSn-]-Y-¯n \n¡p- ¶n- Ã. km[- I³ a\- Êphgnbmbn At±- ls¯ Nn´n¡p-t¼mÄ hnip-²-amb A´x-I-c-W-¯n Hmtcmc ka-b¯mbn B\-µ-a-b-\mb ]c-ta-iz-csâ kzcq-]-¯nsâ an¶na-d-b D­m-Ip-¶p. F¶m AXv \nÝ-e-am-bn-¡m-W-s¸Sp-¶n-Ã. Cu ]c-am-ßm-hns\ BÀ¡pw {]mIr-X- §-fmb t\{X§Ä hgn-bmbn ZÀin-¡p-hm³ km[n-¡p-¶n-Ã. bmsXm-cp¯\v Cu ]c-am-ßmhv kzbw Ir]-tbm-Sp-IqSn Znhy-ZrjvSn {]Zm\w sNbvXn-cn-¡p-¶pthm Ah\p am{Xw At±-ls¯ Znhy-t\-{X-§-fm ZÀin-¡p-hm³ Ign-bp-¶p. bmsXmcp km[I³ C{]-Imcw Cu clkyw a\-Ên-em¡n Xsâ lrZb-¯n ØnXn-sN-¿p-¶p. Cu A´-cym-an-bmb ]c-am-ßmhns\ At±-l-¯sâ KpWw, {]`mhw Chsb {ihn-¨n«v `àn-`m- h-¯m {Zhn-X-amb lrZ-bw- h-gn-bmbpw \nÀ½-e- amb a\-Êp-h-gn-bmbpw \nc-´cw At±-ls¯ Nn´n-¨p-sIm­p a\-Ên-em-¡p-¶pthm Ah³ Aa-c-\m-bn-¯o-cp¶p þ \nXyambn P\-\-a-c-W-§-fn \n¶pw apà-\m-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. kw_Ôw þ C{]-Imcw ]c-ta- iz-csâ kzcq-]-t¯bpw At±l-¯nsâ {]m]vXn-bpsS ^e-t¯bpw hnh-cn-¨n«v C\n c­p a{´- §- fn-embn BZyw apàn-¡p-th- ­nbpw ]n¶oSv kmwkmcn-I§-fmb `b-§-fn \n¶pÅ c£- bv¡p-th-­nbpw B ]c- ta-iz-c-t\mSp {]mÀ°n- ¡p-¶- Xn-\pÅ {]Im-c-§sf \nÀt±in-¡p-¶p.

19. ss\\-aqÀ[zw \ Xncy©w \ at[y ]cn- {P-{K- `Xv \ Xky {]Xnam AkvXn bky \ma al-Zy-ix.
]e a{´-§-fn-embn bmsXm-¶nsâ hÀ®\w \S-¯-s¸«n-c n-¡p-¶p-hthm ]ca {]m]y-a mb B ]c-{_-Òs¯ bmsXmcp a\p-jy\pw apI-fn \nt¶m Xmsg-\nt¶m CSbv¡p-\nt¶m asä-hnsS \n¶ptam Ic-Ø -am-¡p-hm³ km[n¡p-¶n-Ã. F´p-sIm-s­- ¶m AXp kÀÆYm A{Km-ly-amIp¶p þ ]nSn-bn-sem-Xp-§p-¶n-Ã. CXns\ Adn-bp-Ibpw {]m]n¡p-Ibpw sNt¿-­-Xmb Imcyw imkv{X-§-fn ImW-s¸Sp-¶p. Ahsb {]m]n-¨n-«p-ÅhÀ¡p am{Xta AXnsâ clkyw a\-Ên- em-¡p-hm³ km[n- ¡p-¶p-Åq. AXpw hm¡pI-fm hyà-am-¡p-hm³ Ign-bp-¶n-Ã. F´p-sIm-s­- ¶m hm¡p-Ifpw a\Êpw Ahn-Sw-hsc F¯p-¶n-Ã. AXv Adnbp-¶-Xn\pw Adn-bn-¡p-¶ -Xn\pw ]äp¶ FÃm hkvXp¡Ä¡pw AXo-X-am-Ip-¶p. bmsXm-¶nsâ \maw "alm-b-

21. APmX CtXyhw IÝnZv `ocpx {]]-ZytX cp{Z-bt¯ Z£nWw apJw tX\ amw ]mln \nXyw.
tl cp{Zm, kI-e¯n-sâbpw kwlm-c-I-\mb ]c-ta-izcm, A§v kzbw AP-·m-hm-Ip-¶p. AXn-\m aäp-Å-htcbpw P\- \-a-c-W-§- fnÂ\n¶p apà-cm-¡p-¶Xv A§-bpsS kz`m-h-am-WtÃm? CXp-hn-Nm-cn¨v P\-\a-c-W-§sf `b-s¸«p- sIm- ­n-cn-¡p¶ km[I³ Cu kwkm- c-N- {I-¯nÂ\n¶pw tamN\w t\Sp- ¶-Xn- \p- th­n A§sb icWw {]m]n- ¡p¶p. Rm\pw Cu kmwkm-cnI N{I-¯nÂ\n¶pw tamN\w t\Sp¶-Xn-\p-th­n A§sb icWw {]m]n-¡p¶p. AXn-\mÂ

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I bmsXm¶v A§-bpsS he-Xp-ap-J-am-Ip-¶pthm AXm-bXv
bmsXm¶v A§-bpsS Ieym-W-a-b-amb kzcq-]-am-bn-cn-¡p¶pthm AXp-h-gn-bmbn A§v Fs¶ Cu P\-\a-c-Wcq-]amb alm-`-b-¯nÂ\n¶pw Fs¶-t¶-b¡p-ambn c£n-¨mv epw. Fs¶ \nXy-ambn Cu `b-¯nÂ\n¶pw apà-am-¡nbm- epw.

22. am \kvtXmtI X\tb am \ Bbpjn am t\m tKjp am t\m Atizjp cocn-jx. hocm·m t\m cp{Z `man tXm h[oÀ lhn-jva´x kZ-anXzm lhm-a-tl.
kI-e-t¯bpw kwl-cn-¡p-¶-h-\mb tl cp{Z-tZ-hm, R§Ä \m\m- {]-Im- c-¯n- epÅ ImgvN-IÄ kaÀ¸n-¨p-sIm­v Ft¸mgpw A§sb hnfn-¨p-sIm­p hkn-¡p-¶p. A§pXs¶ R§sf c£n-¡p-¶-Xn kÀU-ÆYm kaÀ°-\m-Ip¶p. AXn-\m A§v R§-fp-sS-ta Hcn-¡epw Ip]n-X- \mIm-Xn-cn-¡q. AXp-t]mse Ip]n-X-\m-bn«v R§-fpsS ]p{X-]u{X- ·mÀ¡pw R§fpsS Bbp-Ên\pw IpXnc apX-emb arK§Ä¡pw Hcn-¡epw bmsXmcp hn[-¯n-ep-apÅ £Xw Gev]n- ¡m-Xn-cn-¡-tW. R§-fpsS hoc- ·m-cmb ]pcp- j-·msc \in-¸n- ¡m- Xn- cn-¡- tW. AXm- bXv FÃm {]Im-c-¯nepw R§tfbpw R§-fpsS [\-t¯bpw P\-§-tfbpw c£n-¨m-epw.

B Ahn-\m-in-Iq-S-Ø-XXzw (Po-h-k-ap-Zm-bw) hnZy F¶ t]cn hnfn-¡-s¸-Sp-¶p. F´p-sIm-s­- ¶m AXv tNX-\bm-Ip-¶p. hnÚm-\-a-b-am-Ip-¶p. bmsXm-cp-¯³ Cu hnZysb¶pw Ahn-Zy-sb-¶p-apÅ t]cn hnfn-¡-s¸-Sp¶ £c¯n- sâbpw A£-c- ¯n-sâbpw ta `cWw \S- ¯p-¶pthm c­n-sâbpw kzman-bm-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm c­pw bmsXm-cp¯sâ iànbpw {]Ir-Xnbpw Bbn-cn-¡p-¶pthm B ]cta-iz-c³ Cu c­n-s\-¡mfpw A\y\pw XnI¨pw km[m-cW-\p-am-Ip- ¶p.

K

2. tbm tbm\nw tbm\n-a-[n-Xn-jvT-tXytIm hnizm\n cq]mWn tbm-\oÝ kÀÆmx Ejnw {]kqXw I]new bkvXat{K Úmss\À_n-`À¯n Pmb-am\w N ]tiy-Xv.
Cu {]]-©.-¯n tZh-IÄ, a\p-jyÀ, arK-§Ä, ]£nIÄ, IoS§Ä, Nn{X-i-e`-§Ä apX-embn F{Xtbm tbm\nIÄ ImW-s¸-Sp-¶p. AXp-t]mse Hmtcm-¶n\pw `n¶-§- fmb cq]-§-fp-ap­v. Ah-sb-Ãm-¯n-sâbpw Ah-bp-sS Imc-Wcq-]-§-fmb ]©-a-l-`q-Xm-Zn-bmb FÃm XXz-§-fp-tSbpw A[n-]-Xn-bm-bn-cn-¡p-¶Xp bmsXm-cp-¯t\m AXm-bXv ChsbÃmw bmsXm-cp-¯sâ A[o-\-¯n-em-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm bmsXm-cp-¯³ Gä-hp-amZyw P·-sa-Sp¯ I]ne alÀjnsb AXm-bXv lnc-Wy-KÀ`-\mb {_Òm-hns\ Hmtcm kÀ¤-¯nsâbpw BZn-bn FÃm {]Im-c- ¯n-ep-apÅ Úm\-§- fm ]cn-]p-jS-am-¡p-Ibpw þ FÃm {]Im-c-¯n-ep-apÅ Úm\v ¯m k¼-¶-am¡n krjvSn-¡p-Ibpw AXp-t]me bmsXmcp-¯³ Gähpw BZy- ambn DÛ- hn- ¨n«v B lnc- Wy- KÀ`s¯ ZÀin-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXpthm At±lw Xs¶-bm-Ip-¶p. kÀÆ- i-àn-am\pw kÀÆm-[m-chpw AJn-e-¯n-tâbpw kzmanbp-amb ]c-{_Ò ]pcp-tjm-¯-a³.

]©-a m-² ymbw
1. tZz A£tc {_Ò-]tc Xz\t´ hnZym-hntZy \nlntX b{X KqtV £cw XzhnZym lyarXw Xp hnZym hnZym-hntZ CuitX bkvXp tkm\yx.
bmsXmcp ]c-ta-iz-c³ {_Ò-s¯-¡mfpw AXy´w t{ijvT-\m- bn- cn- ¡p- ¶pthm Xsâ amb- bpsS ad-bn Hfn-ªncn-¡p-¶ pthm koam-c-ln-X\pw Ahn\min-bp-am-bn-cn-¡p¶pthm AXm-b Xv bmsXm-cp-¯³ tZi-Im-e-§ Ä¡p kÀhvYm AXo-X-\m-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm bmsXm-cp-¯\v Hcn¡epw Hcp {]Im-c-¯nepw hn\miw kw`-hn- ¡p-hm³ km[ya-Ãm-Xn-cn-¡p-¶pthm A{]-Im-c-apÅ ]c-am-ßm-hn hnZybpw Ahn-Zybpw hncm-Pn-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. AXm-bXv c­pw bmsXm-cp-¯ sâ B[m-c -¯ n-t·Â Dd-¨ n-c n-¡p-¶pthm At±lw ]qÀ®-{_-Ò] p-cp-tjm-¯ -a³ Xs¶-bm-Ip-¶p. ChnsS ]cn-hÀ¯-\-ioew IqSp-Ibpw Ipd- bp-Ibpw sNbvXpsIm-­n-cn-¡p¶ D¸¯n hn\mikoe£c-X- X zs¯ AhnZy F¶ t]cn ]d- ªn-cn-¡p- ¶p. F´p-sIm-s­- ¶m AXv PUw BIp-¶p. AXn hnZy-bp-sS, Úm\-¯nsâ, kÀÆYm A`mhw D­m-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. AXn-\p-hn-cp-² -ambn bmsXm¶p P\-\a-c -W-§-fn cln-X-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm bmsXm¶v IqSp-Ibpw Ipd-bp-Ibpw sN¿m-Xn-cn-¡p-¶pthm

3. GssIIw Pmew _lp[m hnIpÀhþ ¶kvan³ t£t{X kwl-c-tXyj tZhx `qbx krjvSzm ]X-b-kvX-tYix kÀhm[n-]Xyw IpcptX alm-ßm.
bmsXm-cp-¯sâ {]I-c-W-§Ä XpSÀ¶p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p¶pthm ]c-a-tZ-h-\mb B ]c-ta-iz-c³ Cu {]]-©-cq-]-amIp¶ t£{X-¯n krjvSnIm-e-¯n Hmtcmtcm kaq-l§sf AXm-bXv _p²n apX- em-bhbpw BIm-im-Zn-I-fmb Xsâ {]Ir- Xn-Isf ]e-{]-Im-c- ¯n hn`-Pn- ¨n«v Hmtcm-¶n\pw `n¶-`n-¶-amb cq]hpw \mahpw iànbpw \ÂIn Ahsb hnI-k n-¸ n-¡p-I bpw kzbw sXs¶ {]f-b -I m-e-¯ n Ahsb FÃmw kwl-cn-¡p- Ipbw sNbvXp-sIm-­n-cn-¡p- ¶p. alm-ßm-hmb B ]c-ta-iz-c³ krjvSn-Im-e¯nÂ, ap³ {]mh-iy-s¯-t¸m-se-Xs¶ ka-kvX-tem-I-§-tfbpw AhbpsS A[n-]·m-scbpw krjvSn¨n«v kzbw Ah-sb-Ãm-¯nsâbpw A[njvTmXm-hmbn Ah-bp-sS-ta `cWw \S-¯p¶p. At±-l-¯nsâ eoe ANn-´y-§-fm-Ip-¶p. Nn´n-¡p-

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159

I ¶-Xp-sIm­v At±-l-¯nsâ cl-ky-§Ä a\-Ên-em-¡p-hm³

B ]c-{_-Ò]-c-am-ßm-hns\ thZ§fpsS cl-ky-hn-Zymkm[n-¡p-¶-Xp-a-Ã. At±-l-¯nsâ `à-·mÀXs¶ B eoe- cq-]-amb D]-\n-j-¯p-¡-fn Hfn-ªn-cn-¡p-¶p. AXm-bXv I-fpsS cl-kys¯ am{Xta Aev]-ambn a\-Ên-em-¡p- At±-l-¯nsâ kzcq-]-hÀ®\w D]- \n- j-¯p-¡-fn cl-ky¶p-Åq. ambn sN¿-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶ p. thZw ]pd-s¸-«Xpw At±-l¯nÂ\n- ¶ pXs¶bm- I p- ¶ p. C{]- I mcw thZ- § -f n 4. kÀhm Zni DuÀ[za-[Ý XncyIv adªncn-¡p-¶-h\pw thZ-§-fpsS {]mI-Sy- Øm-\-hp-amb B {]Im-i-b³ {`mPtX bZz-\-Uvhm³ ]c-ta-iz-cs\ {_Òmhv Adn-bp-¶p. At±-ls¯¡qSmsX Ghw k tZh `K-hm³ htctWym asä-{Xtbm ]qÀÆ-hÀ¯n-I-fmb tZh-Ifpw Ejn-amcpw At±ls¯ Adn- ª n-c n-¡ p- ¶ pthm Ah- s cÃmw At±- l tbm\nkz`mhm\ [n XnjvT-tXy-Ix. ¯n¯s¶ hneo-\-cmbn B\-µ-kz-cq-]-a-·m-cm-bn- ¯o-cpF{]-Imcw Cu kqcy³ Cu {]]-©s¯ FÃm `mK-§¶p. AXn-\m kÀÆ-i-àn-am\pw kÀÆm-[m-chpw AJn- efn \n¶pw {]Im-in-¸n-¨p-sIm­p hncm- Pn-¡p- ¶pthm AtX¯n-sâbpw A[oi\p- amb ]c-am-ßm-hns\ apIfn ]dª {]-Imcw B `K-hm³ þ kÀÆ-hn[ sFizcy§fm k¼{]Im-c-¯n AwKo-I-cn-¨n«v At±-ls¯ Adn-bp-¶-Xn\pw ¶\pw FÃm-h-cmepw `P-\-tbm-Ky-\p-amb ]c-a-tZ-h-]-c-ta-iz{]m]n-¡p-¶-Xn\pw a\p-jyÀ X¸-c-cm-bn-¯o-c-Ww. c³ þ GI-\m-bn-¯s¶ ka-kvXIm-c-W-cq-]-§-fmb Xsâ `n¶-`n¶iàn-I-fpsS A[n-jvTm-Xm-hmbn Ah-s b-sbÃmw kw_Ôw þ ]c-ta-iz-c³ FÃm Pnhn-Itfbpw Ah-bpsS IÀ½m-\p-kr-X-amb KpW- §-tfm-Sp-IqSn kwtbm-Pn-¸n-¨n-cn-¡p\bn-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. FÃm-¯n\pw AXm-XpIfptS-Xmb Imcy-§Ä \S-¯p-¶-Xn-\pÅ kmaÀ°yw \ÂIn bYm- ¶p. AXn-\m Pohm-ßm-hn³sd kzcq-]hpw \m\m-tbm-\nI-fn¡qSn Ncn-¡p-\-\-Xn-\pÅ Imc-Whpw ]d-bp-¶-Xn-\ptbmKyw {]hÀ¯-\-§-fn hym]r-X-\m-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. th­n {]tXyI {]I-c-W-§Ä Bcw-`n-¡p-¶p. kw_Ôw þ apI-fn ]-d-ªn-cn-¡p¶ Imcy-¯n\v C\n 7. KpWm-\zmtbm bx ^e-IÀ½-IÀ¯m kv]jvSoI-cWw \ÂIp-¶p.

K

Cu a{´- ¯n {]I-cWw Bcw-`n-¡p-¶-Xp-Xs¶ Pohmßm-hn\p "KpWm-\zb' hnti-j-Ww-sIm-­m-Wv. bmsXm¶v bmsXm¶v Cu k¼qÀ®-hn-iz-¯nsâ Imc-W-am-IpPoh-Kp-W- §-fm _Ôn-¡-s¸« {]Ir-Xn-bn ØnXn-sN-¿p¶pthm AXm-bXv bmsXm-¶n\p aäp bmsXmcp Imc-Whpw ¶-Xm-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm AXv P\-\-a-c-W-am-Ip¶ Cu kwkmCÃm-Xn-cn-¡p-¶p-thm, PK-¯nsâ Imc-W-cq-]-§-fmbn ]d-bc-N-{I-¯n Id-§n-s¡m­ncn-¡p-¶p. bmsXm¶v KpWm-Xos¸-Sp¶ FÃm XXz-§-fp-tSbpw iàn-cq] kz`m-hs¯ X-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm AXp Id-§p-¶n-Ã. bmsXmcp PohmbmsXm-cp-¯³ Xsâ k¦-ev]-cq-]-am-Ip¶ X]-¯m ]mIßmhv kXzw, cP-Êv, XaÊv F¶o {XnKp-W-§-fm _Ôns¸- Sp-¯p-¶pthm AXm- bXv BIm-im- Zn-I- fmb FÃm XXz-§¡-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶pthm AXp \m\m-{]-Im-c-§-fn-epÅ IÀ½fp-tSbpw `n¶- §-fmb iàn- I {]f-b-Im-e-¯n ep]vX^-e-cq]§fmb t`mK§fpsS {]m]vXn- ¡p-th­n \m\m-{]- Imam-bn-Xo-cp-¶p-thm, Ahsb Xsâ k¦-ev]Zzmcm ho­pw c-¯n-ep-apÅ IÀ½-§Ä sN¿p-Ipbw X¶m sN¿-s¸« {]Xy- £- s¸-Sp- ¯p-Ibpw {]Xy- £- am-¡-s¸« iàn- Isf \m\mB IÀ½-§-fpsS ^ew A\p-`-hn-¡p-¶-Xn-\p-th­n hnhn-[cq-]-§-fn ]cn-hÀ¯-\-s¸-Sp¯n Cu hnNn-{Xamb PKtbm-\nIfn P·-sa-Sp¯p hn`n-¶-cq-]-§-fn {]Xy-£- s¸¯ns\ krjvSn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. AXp-t]mse kXzmZn Sp-Ibpw Fhn-sS-bm-bn-cp-¶mepw {XnKp-W-§-fm bpà-am{XnKp-W-§-fp-tSbpw Ah-bnÂ\n-¶ p-Û-hn-¨n-«pÅ hkvXpbn- cn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶ p. IvJ-fpsS Pohn-Itfm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bpÅ Ah-bpsS IÀ½m-\p-krX-amb kw_Ôt¯bpw bYm-tbmKyw Øm]n-¨p-sIm-­n- kw_Ôw þ Pohm-ßm-hnsâ kzcq]w F§-s\-bp-Å-Xmcn-¡p-¶p. C{]-Imcw bmsXm-cp-¯³ X\n-sb-Xs¶ Cu Ip¶p F¶ tNmZy-¯n\p adp-]Sn ]d-bp-¶p. k¼qÀ®-P-K-¯nsâ FÃm-hy-hØ-Ifpw \S¯n CXn-sâ8. AMvKp-jvT-amt{Xm chn-Xp-ey-cq]x ta `cWw \S-¯p-¶pthm At±lw kÀÆ-i-àn-am-\mb kwI-ev]mlw Imc-ka-\zntXm bx. ]c-{_-Ò-]-c-ta- iz-c-\m-Ip-¶p.

5. b¨ kz`mhw ]NXn hniz-tbm\nx ]mNymwÝ kÀhm³ ]cn-Wm-a-tbZv bx kÀh-ta-X Zv hniz-a-[n-X n-jvT-tXytIm KpWmwÝ kÀhm³ hn\n-tbm-P-tbZv bx.

IrX-ky-X-sskyh k tNm]-t`m-àm. k hniz-c q-]-k v{XnKp-W-kv{Xn-hÀßm {]mWm-[n]x kwN-cXn kzIÀ½-`nx.

6. XZv thZ-Kp-tlym-]-\n-jÕp KpVw XZv {_Òm thZtX {_Ò-tbm\nw tb ]qÀÆ-tZhm Ej-bÝ XZzn-Zpþ kvtX X·bm AarXm ssh _`p-hpx.

_pt²ÀKp-tW-\m- ß-Kp-tW\ ssNh cm{K-amt{Xm Bly-]tcm]n ZrjvSx.
a\p-jy-lr-Zbw AwKp-jT- ¯nsâ Af-hn IW-¡m-¡v s¸-Sp-Ibpw B lrZ-b-¯n¯s¶ Pohm-ßmhp hkn-¡pIbpw sN¿p-¶p. AXn-\m AXns\ AwKpjvTam{Xw (Aw-

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160

I Kp-jvT-¯nsâ Af-thm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-Xv) F¶p ]d-bp-¶p.

km[n-¡p-¶pthm A{Xbpw Pohm-ßmhp XS-bp-¶n-Ã. tNXAXnsâ hmkvX-hn-I-kz- cq]w kqcy-t\-t¸mse {]Im-i-abw \m-kq-£va -hk vXp-¡Ä¡p PU-Ø q-e- tZ-i-t¯m-Sp-IqSn (hn-Ú m-\-abw) BIp-¶p. AXns\ AÚm-\-cq-]-am-Ip¶ _Ô-s¸-Sp-hm³ km[y-a-Ã. AXn-kq-£va-am-sW-¶n-cn-¡nepw AÔ-Imcw kv]Àin-¡p-¶-tX-bn-Ã. AXv k¦-ev]-¯mepw Øq-e-hkvXp¡-fn kÀÆ{X hym]vX-a m-b n-c n-¡ p-h m³ Al-¦m-c-¯mepw bpà-am- ¡-s¸- «n- cn-¡p-¶p. AXn- \m k¦- km[n-¡p-¶p. CtX `mh-s¯-Xs¶ {Kln-¸n-¡p¶-Xn-\pev]cq-]-am-Ip¶ _p²n-bpsS KpW-¯m Al-´bpw aa- th­n Ah-km-\-¯n C{]-Imcw ]d-bp-¶p. CXv C{Xbpw Xbpw kw_-²-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶-Xp-Im-cWw kqNn-ap-\-t]mse kq£va-am-sW-¶n-cn-¡nepw A\-´`m-h-¯m bpà-am-bnAXy´w kq£va m-I m-c -t¯m-S p- I q-S n- b Xpw ]c-a m- ß m- cn-¡p-¶-Xn AXm-bXv Ako-a-am-Ip¶Xn kaÀ°-am-IphnÂ\n¶p `n¶-hp-am-Ip-¶p. Pohmßmhnsâ XXzs¯ Adn- ¶p. AXv PU-P-K-¯n F§pw \nd-ªn-cn-¡p-¶p. ªn-«pÅ Úm\n-Ifmb ]pcp-j-·mÀ KpW-§-fm bpà10. ss\h kv{Xo \ ]pam-t\jp ss]hmbw amb Pohm-ßm-hnsâ kzcq-]s¯ C§s\ Xs¶ I­n-cn\]pw-k -Ix. ¡p-¶p. Bßm-hnsâ kzqcq]w hmkvX- h¯n AXy´w bZv bÑ-co-c-am-Zt¯ tX\ tX\ k bqPy-tX. kq£v a-am-Ip-¶p. AXn-kq-£va-§-fmb PU-h-kvXp-¡Ä AXnsâ Xpe-\-¯n Øqe-§-fm-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. AXnsâ Pohm-ßmhv hmkvX-h-¯n kv{Xobp-a-Ã, ]pcp-j-\p-a-Ã. kq£va-X-Xzs¯ bmsXmcp PU-h-kvXp-¡-fp-tSbpw Af-hn- \]pw- k-I-hp-a-Ã. AXv Hcp ico-c¯n {]th-in-¡p-t¼mÄ \m Af-¡-s¸-Sp-hm³ km[y-a-Ã. AXnsâ e£yw a\-Ên- AXp-ambn kwbp-à-s¸«v A§s\-Xs¶ Bbn-¯o-cp-¶p. em-¡p- ¶-Xn-\p- th­n am{Xw AXns\ kw_-Ô- h-kXp-hnsâ C¶v kv{Xobm-bn-cn-¡p¶ Pohm-ßmhv ASp¯ P·-¯n v BIm- c- t¯m-Sp- IqSn hnti- jn-¸n-¡p- ¶p. lrZ-b- tZ-i¯p hkn- ]pcp-j- \m-Ip-¶p. bmsXm¶v ]pcp-j-\m-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm AXv ¡p-¶-Xp-Im- cWw AXns\ AwKp- jvT-am- {X-]- cn-am-W-sa¶p ]d- kv{Xobmbpw `hn-¡p-¶p. kv{Xo]p- cp- j-\-]pw-k-ImZnt`Z§Ä bp-Ibpw _p²n-Kp-W-¯n-sâbpw AXp-t]mse Bß- Kp-W- ico-cs¯ kzoI-cn-¨Xn-\p-ta D­m-Ip-¶-Xm-Ip¶p F¶p ¯n-sâbpw kw_- Ô- ¯nÂ\n¶pw AXns\ kqNn- ap- \-bpsS `mhw. Pohm-ßmhv kÀÆ-t`-Z-iq-\y-am-Ip-¶p. FÃm D]m-[n- IBIm-c- t¯m-Sp-Iq-SnbsX¶p ]d-bp-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. _p²n fn \n¶pw cln-Xam-Ip-¶p. apX-em-b-hsb kqNn-ap-\tbm-Sp-]an-¡p-¶p. CXp-sIm-­ p11. kwI-ev]-\-kv]Ài-\-Zr-jvSn-tam-sslÀþ Xs¶ Pohm-ßm-hns\ ChnsS kqNn-ap-\bv¡p kZr-i-ambn {Kmkmw-_phrjvSym Nmß-hn-hr-²zn-P· ]d- ªn-cn-¡p-¶ p. kw_Ôw þ ]qÀÆ-a-{´-¯n bmsXmcp Pohm-ßm-hnsâ kzcq- ]s¯ kqNn- ap- \bv¡p kZriw kq£va- sa¶p ]d-ªncn-¡p-¶pthm AXns\ ho­pw kv]jvS-am-¡p¶p þ

K

IÀ½m-\pKm-\ y-\ p-{I-taW tZlo Ømt\jp cq]m-W y-` n-k w-{]-]-Zy-tX.

k¦-e]w, kv]Ài-\w, ZrjvSn, tamlw, t`mP-\w, Pe-]mv \w, hrjvSn Ch-sb-Ãmw-sIm­p kPo-h-amb ico-c-¯nsâ hr²nbpw P·hpw D­m-Ip-¶p. kv{Xo ]pcp-j-·m-cpsS ]c`mtKm Pohx k hntÚbx k kv]-c-tam-l]qÀÆ-I-amb k¦ev]w, kv]Ài-\w, ho£Ww Nm\-´ymb Iev]-tX. Ch hgn-bm-bpÅ kl-hmkw D­m-bn-¡-gn-ªm Pohm]qÀÆ-a-{´-¯n Pohm-ßm-hnsâ kzcq]w kqNn-ap- ßmhv KÀ`-¯n hcp¶p. F¶mWv CXnâ `mhw. ]n¶oSv \bv¡pkZriw kq£va-sa¶p ]d-ªn-cn-¡p-¶p. AXp amXm- hnsâ t`mP- \w- sIm­pw Pe- ]m-\w-sIm­pw D­m- Ip¶ {Kln-¡p-¶-Xn {`aw kw`-hn-¡p-hm³ km[y-X-bp-­v. AXn- t]mj-Imw-i-§Ä hgn-bmbn AXnsâ hfÀ¨bpw P\-\hpw \m \Ã-Xp-t]mse {Kln-¡p-¶-Xn\v ho­pw C{]-Imcw ]d- \S-¡p-¶p. c­m-as¯ Bibw (`m-hw) `n¶-`n-¶-tbm-\n-Ibp-¶p. [m\y-a-Wn-bpsS ap\sb \ap¡v Hcp \qd-I-j-W§- fn Pohsâ D¸-¯nbpw hfÀ¨bpw `n¶-`n-¶-{]-Im-c-§fm-¡mw. ]ns¶ Ah-bnÂ\n¶pw Hsc- ®-sa- S-¯n«v AXns\ fn-em-Ip¶p F¶m-Wv. Nne tbm\n-I-fn-em-Is« Ba-ap-«ho­pw \qdm-bn«v Ij-Wn-¡mw. Ah-bn Hcp Ij- W-¯n\v bnÂ\n-s¶-¶- t]mse k¦-ev]- am- {X- bn¯s¶ Pohn-I-fpsS F{X-am{Xw kq£va-am-Ip-hm³ Ign-bptam AXm-bXv [m\y- t]mjWw \S- ¶p-sIm- ­n-cn-¡p-¶p. Nne tbm\n- I-fn ]£na-Wn-bpsS ap\sb ]Xn-\m-bn-c-am¡n Ij-Wn-¨m AXn bpsS ap«-bnÂ\n-s¶-¶-t]mse Bk-àn-tbm-Sp-I q-S nb Hcp `mK-¯n\v F{X-am{Xw kq£va-am-Ip-hm³ km[n-¡ptam kv]Ài-\w- sIm­p kw`-hn-¡p-¶p. Nne tbm\n- I-fn aÕyAXn\p kam-\-amWv Pohm-ßm-hnsâ kzcq]w F¶p a\- §Ä apX- em-b- h-bn- se-t¸mse Bk-àn-tbm-Sp-Iq-Snb t\m«wÊn-em-¡-Ww. Cu hnh-cWw AXnsâ kq£va-Xsb e£y- sIm-­p-Xs¶ kw`-hn-¡p-¶p. aäp Nne tbm\n-I-fn a\pam-¡p-¶-Xn-\p-th-­n-am-{X- am-Wv. hmkvX- h-¯n tNX-\bp- jy-cnepw arK-§-fn-epw-t]mse A¶- `-£Ww sIm­pw PesSbpw kq£va-hkvXp-¡-fp-sSbpw kzcq]w PU-Øq-e-h- ]m-\w-sIm­pw kw`-hn-¡p-¶p. Nne tbm\n-I-fn hr£-ekvXp- ¡-fpsS D]-a-bm a\-Ên-em- ¡p-hm³ km[y-a-Ã. F´p- Xm-ZnIsft¸mse hrjvSn-bp-­m-Ip¶ am{X-bn kw`-hn-¡psIm- s­- ¶m [m\y- a-Wn-bpsS ap\-bpsS ]Xn-\m-bn-c-¯n ¶p. C{]-Imcw \m\m-{]-Im-c-§-fn kPoh ico-c-§-fpsS Hcp `mK-¯n\v BIm-i-¯n F{X-tZ-i-§sf XS-bp-hm³ kwc-£- Whpw XpjvSn-]p-jSn-cq-]-hr-²nbpw P·hpw D­mv

9. hmem-{K-i-X-`m-Kky iX[m Iev]n-Xky N

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161

I Ip-¶p. Pohm-ßmhv Xsâ IÀ½-§Ä¡-\p-k-c-W-ambn Ah-

¨n-cn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶pthm bmsXm-cp-¯-\v BZn-bp-a-´- hpbpsS ^e-§sf A\p-`-hn- ¡p-¶-Xn-\p-th­n C{]-Imcw hn`n- an-Ãm-Xn-cn-¡p-¶pthm AXm-bXv bmsXm¶v Dev]-¯n, hn\m¶-§-fmb temI-§-fn¡qSn Ka-\w-sN-bvXp-sIm­v H¶n- iw, hr²n-£bw apX- emb hnIm-c-§-fm kÀÆYm iq\y\p-tijw Hs¶¶ {Ia-¯n \m\m-i-co-c-§sf XpSÀ¨- \m-bn-cn- ¡p- ¶pthm kZm GI- c-k-\m-bn- cn- ¡p- ¶pthm bmsXmcp-¯³ FÃm temI-§-tfbpw krjvSn- ¨n«v hnhn-[-cq-]§bmbn kzoI-cn-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. fn {]Xy-£-s¸-Sp-Ibpw Cu temIs¯ apgp-h³ FÃm-`mkw_Ôw þ CXnsâ \m\m-tbm-\n-Ifn¡qSn XpSÀ¨-bmK- ¯p- \n¶pw hebw sNbvXn- cn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶pthm GIbpÅ Ka-\m-K-a\w F´p-sIm­p kw`-hn-¡p¶p? CXn am-{X\pw kÀÆm-[m-c\pw kÀÆ-i-àn-am\pw FÃm- ¯n- s\bpw s\¸än hnh-cn-¡p¶p þ `cn-¡p-¶-h\pw kÀtÆ-iz-c-\p-amb B ]c-{_Ò ]pcp-tjm12. Øqem\n kq£vamWn _lq\n ssNh ¯-as\ Adn-ªp-sIm­v Cu Pohm- ßmhv Fs¶-t¶-b¡pv ambn FÃm _Ô-\-§-fnÂ\n¶pw XnI¨pw tamN\w {]m]ncq]mWn tZlo kzKp-ssWÀhr-tWm-Xn. ¡p-¶p. {Inbm-Kp-ssW-cm-ß-Kp-ssWÝ tXjmw

K

kwtbm-K-tl-Xp-c-]tcm]n ZrjvSx.
Pohm- ßmhp X¶m sN¿- s¸« IÀ½- §- fpsS kwkv¡mc-§-fmepw _p²n, a\-Ê,v C{µn-b-§Ä CXp-t]mse ]©-`qX- §Ä F¶n-h-bpsS kapZmb cq]-am-Ip¶ ico-c-¯nsâ [À½-§- fmepw bpà-am-bn- cn-¡p-¶- Xp-Im-cWw Al-´, aaX apX-emb KpW-§Ä¡p hio`qX-ambn At\-I-a-t\Iw icoc-§sf {]m]n-¡p-¶p. AXm-bXv ico-c-¯nsâ [À½-§-fn Al-´bpw aa-Xbpw `mhn-¨n«v XZv cq]-am-bn-cn-¡p¶ \m\m {]Im-c-§-fn-ep-apÅ Øqehpw kq£va-hp-amb cq]§sf kzoI-cn-¡p-¶p. kz´w IÀ½m-\p-kr-X-ambn `n¶-`n-¶-tbm\n-I-fn P·w kzoI-cn-¡p-¶p. F¶m C{]-Imcw P·-saSp-¡p-¶-Xn CXv kzX-{´-·m-cm-bn-cn-¡p¶nÃ. AXn-\m k¦-e]hpw IÀ½-§fpw A\p- k-cn¨v AXmXp tbm\nIfn v CXns\ _Ôn- ¸n- ¡p- ¶Xp aämscm BIp- ¶p. At±lw ap³]dª ]c-ta-iz-c-\m-Ip-¶p, XXz-Úm-\n-IÄ ZÀin-¡p-¶Xpw At±-l-s¯- ¯-s¶-bm-Wv. AhÀ Cu cl-ky-§sf hfsc \¶mbn {Kln-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. ChnsS IÀ½-§-fpsS kwkv¡mc-\maw {Inbm-KpWw F¶m-Ip-¶p. FÃm XXz-§-fp-tSbpw kap-Zmb cq]-am-Ip¶ icocs¯ ImWp-I, {ihn-¡pI apXemb iàn-I-fpsS \maw Bß-KpWw F¶m-Ip-¶p. ChbpsS kw_-Ô- ¯m Pohm-ßm-hn h¶p- `-hn-¡p¶ Al´, aa-X, Bkàn apX-em-b-h-bpsS \maw kzKpWw F¶pam-Ip-¶p. kw_Ôw þ A\m-Zn-Im-ew-ap-X \ne-\n-¶p-h-cp¶ Cu P\\-a-c-W-cq-]-am-Ip¶ _Ô-¯nÂ\n¶pw tamN\w {]m]n-¡p¶-Xn-\pÅ D]mbw F´mWv? CXns\ hnh-cn-¡p-¶p.

kw_Ôw þ C\n D]-kw-lm-c-ambn apI-fn ]d-ªn-«pÅ Imcy- §sf H¶p-IqSn hyà-am-¡n- s¡m­p ]c- amß {]m]vXn¡pÅ D]m-bs¯ hnh-cn-¡p-¶p.

14. `mh-{Km-lya\oUmJyw `mhm-`m-h-Icw inhw. Iem-kÀ¤-Icw tZhw tb hnZpkvtX Plp-k vX -\ pw.
B ]c-{_Ò ]c-ta-iz-c³ B{i-bc-ln-X³ AXm-bXv ico-cc-ln-X³ BIp-¶p. AXp-t]mse PK-¯nsâ D¸¯nbpw kwlm- chpw \S-¯p-¶-h\pw ]Xn-\mdp Ie-I- tfbpw krjvSn-¨- h- \p-am-Ip- ¶p. C§- s\-sbm- s¡-bm-sW- ¦nepw IeymW-kz-cq-]\pw B\-µa-b-\p-amb B ]c-ta-iz-cs\ {i², `àn, t{]a-`mhw Ch-bm {Kln-¡p-hm³ Ign-bp-¶p. bmsXmcp a\p-jy³ ]c-a-tZ-h-\mb B ]c-ta-iz-cs\ Adnbp-¶ pthm Ah³ ico-c-t¯m-SpÅ Xsâ _Ôs¯ Fs¶t¶bv¡p-ambn Dt]- £n- ¡p-¶p. AXm-bXv Cu kwkmc-N- {I-¯nÂ\n¶pw Fs¶-t¶-b¡p- ambn tamNn-¡-s¸-Sp-¶p. v Cu clkyw a\-Ên-em¡n a\p-jyÀ Ign-bp-¶Xpw thK¯n ]ca klr-Z-b\pw ]c-a-Z-bm-ephpw ]c-a-t{]-anbpw kÀÆ-i-àn-am\pw kÀÆm-[m-c\pw kÀtÆ-iz-c-\p-amb B ]cam-ßm-hns\ Adn-bp-¶n-X\pw {]m]n-¡p-¶-Xn\pw hy{K-cmbn {i²-tbmSpw `àn-`m-h-t¯mSpw At±-l¯nsâ Bcm-[-\bn hym]r-X-cm-bn-cn-¡-Ww.

jjvTm-² ymbw
1. kz`m-h-tatI Ihtbm hZ´n Imew XYmt\y ]cn-ap-ly-am\mx tZh-sskyj alnam Xp temtI tbt\Zw {`maytX {_Ò-N-{Iw.
Cu PK-¯nsâ ImcWw kzm`m-hn-I-am-bXm-sW¶v F{Xtbm Bfp-IÄ ]d-ªn-cn-¡p-¶p. ]ZmÀ°-§-fn bmsXmcp kzm`m-hn-Iamb iàn-bp-­m-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. Aánbn Cu PK-¯nsâ Imc-W-am-Ip-¶p. aäp-Nn-eÀ ]d-bp-¶Xv Ime-amWv Cu PK-¯n³sd Imc-W-am- Ip- ¶-sX-¶m-Wv. F´psIm-s­-¶ m Hmtcmtcm Ime-§-fnepw hkvXp-K-X-amb

13. A\m-Zy-\´w Ien-eky-at[y hnizky {kjv Sm-c-a-t\-I-c q]w hniz-sskyIw ]cn-th-jvS n-Xmcw ÚmXzm tZhw apNytX kÀÆ-]m-ssi.
]qÀÆ-a-{´- ¯n bmsXm- cp-¯s\ Pohm-ßm- hnsâ \m\mtbm-\n-I-tfmSpw kw_-Ô- s¸-Sp-¯p-¶-h-\mbn ]d-ªn-cn-¡p¶pthm bmsXm-cp-¯³ A´-cym-an-cq-]-¯n a\p-jy-cpsS lrZ-bcq-]am-Ip¶ Kpl-bn ØnXn-sN-¿p-Ibpw AXpt]mse \ncm-Im- c-cq-]-t¯m-Sp-IqSnb temIw apgp-h³ hym]n-

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162

I iàn {]I-S-am-bn-s¡m-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. F¶m sshÚm-\nIÀ {`a-§-fn AI-s¸-«n-cn-¡p¶p. AXn-\m ChÀ¡v Cu PK-¯nsâ hmkvX-hn-I-amb ImcWw Adn-bp-hm³ Ign-bp¶n-Ã. hmkvX-h-¯n CXv ]c-a-tZ-h\pw kÀÆ-i-àn-am-\pamb ]c-ta-iz-csâ aln-a-X- s¶-bm-Ip-¶p. PK-¯nsâ hnNn{X-amb cN\ I­pw Nn´n¨pw Ign-ªm At±-l-¯nsâ alXzw {]I-S-am-Ipw. At±lw Ime§Ä¡pw kz`m-hmZnIfmb FÃm Imc-W-§Ä¡pw A[n-]-Xn-bm-Wv. At±lw hgnbmbn Cu kwkm-c-N{Iw Id-¡-s¸-Sp-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. Cu clkyw a\-Ên-em¡n Cu N{I-¯nÂ\n¶pw tamN\w t\Sp-¶-Xn-\p-th­n At±-ls¯ icWw {]m]n-¡-Ww.

hmbp, BImiw Cu F«p {]Ir-Xn-t`-Z-§Ä Ch-sb-Ãm¯n\pw ]pdta Al-´, aa-X, Bkàn apX-embn Bß kw_-Ôn-I-fmb kq£va KpW-§-tfm-Sp-IqSn Pohm-ßmhns\ _Ô-s¸-Sp-¯n-bn«v Cu PK-¯ns\ krjvSn¨p F¶p a\-Ên-em-¡-Ww. Cu c­p hÀ®-\-I-fp-sSbpw Xm¸cyw H¶p-X- s¶- bm-Ip-¶p.

K

kw_Ôw þ Cu cl-ky-§sf a\-Ên-em-¡n-bn«v km[-I³ F´p-sN-¿Ww F¶p ]d-bp-¶p.

bmsXmcp IÀ½-tbmKn kXzw, cP- Ê,v XaÊv F¶o KpW§-fm hy]vX-amb Xsâ hÀ®w, B{i-aw, ]cn-X-ØnXn Ch-b¡-\p- Iq-e-ambn IÀ¯-hy-IÀ½-§sf Bcw-`n-¨n«v Ahv bmsXmcp PK¶nb-´mhpw PK-Zm-[m-chpw Bb ]c-tatbbpw Xsâ FÃm-hn-[-¯n- ep- apÅ Al- ´, aa-X, Bkàn iz-c-\m ]qÀ×-amb Cu PK¯v Ft¸mgpw FÃm AhapX-emb `mh-§-tfbpw B ]c-{_Ò ]c-ta-iz-c-\nÂt# Ø-I-fnepw hym]-X-am-bn-c-¡p-¶pthm bmsXm-cp-¯³ ImekaÀ¸n-¨mepw B kaÀ¸-W-¯m B IÀ½-§-tfm-Sp-Iq¯n-sâbpw alm-Im-e-\m-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm AXm-bXv bmsXmSn-bpÅ km[-Isâ kw_Ôw Ah-ti-jn-¡p-¶n-Ãm-¯-Xpcp-¯ ³ Úm\-kz-c q-] \pw Nn-· -b \pw ]c-a m-ß mhpw Im-cWw Ah Ah\p ^ew \ÂIp-¶n-Ã. C{]-Imcw Ahkplr¯pw kakvX Znhy-Kp-W-§-fm \nXy-k-¼\pw bpsS A`mhw D­m-Ip-¶-Xn\p ap³]mbn sN¿-s¸-«n-«pÅ Bbn-cn-¡p-¶p-hthm FÃm KpW-§fpw bmsXm-cp-¯sâ k©n-X- §-fmb IÀ½-kw-k¡m-c- §-fpsS D·q-e-\miw kw`v kzcq-]-`q-Xhpw Úm\-hp-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm bmsXm-cp-X- X³ hn-¡p-¶p. C{]-Imcw IÀ½-§-fpsS \miw kw`-hn-¡p-¶-XpkakvX {_Òm-WU-t¯bpw \¶m-b-dn-ªn-cn-¡p-¶pthm v Im-cWw Ah³ AXn-thKw ]c-am-ßm-hns\ {]m]n-¡p-¶p. At±-l-¯m¯s¶ \S-¯-s¸-Sp¶ Cu PKNv N{Iw \nbF´p-sIm-s­- ¶m hmkvX-h-¯n Cu Pohm-ßmhv PUa-]qÀÆ-Iam-bn-¯ s¶ Nen-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. At±lw X-Xz-k-ap-Zm-b-§-fn \n¶pw kÀÆ-Ym-`n-¶hpw AXp-t]mse ]rYzn, Pew, tXP-Êv, hmbp, BImiw F¶o ]©-a-lm-`qAkm-[m-c-W-hp-a-Ip-¶p. Ah-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bpÅ CXnsâ X-§- fp- sS-ta `cWw \S-¯n-s¡m­v Chsb Xm´m-§- fpsS _Ôw Al-´, aa-X, apX-em-bh aqe-ap-­m-bn-«p-Å-Xm-W.v Imcy-§Ä {]hÀ¯n- ¡p-¶-Xn\pÅ iàn-{]-Zm\w sNbvXp kzm`m-hn-I-am-bn-«p- Å-X-Ã. {]hÀ¯n-¸n-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. At±-l-¯nsâ iàn-tbmSp-Iq-Sn-bÃmsX Chbv¡v H¶pw sN¿p-hm³ km[n-¡p-¶n- kw_Ôw þ IÀ½-tbm-Ks¯ hÀ®n-¨n«v C\n D]m-k-\m-cqÃ. Cu clkyw a\-Ên-em-¡n-bn«v a\p-jy³ kÀÆ-i-àn-am- ]-amb c­m-as¯ km[-\sb hÀ®n-¡p-¶p. \mb B ]c- ta-iz- cs\ D]-cyp-à-amb `mh-t¯m-Sp- IqSn Nn´n5. BZnx k kwtbm-K-\n-an-¯-tlXpx ¡- Ww.

2. tb\m-hrXw \nXy-anZw ln kÀhw Úx Ime-Imtem KpWo-kÀÆ-hnZyx tXt\-inXw IÀ½ hnhÀ¯tX l ]rYz]vtX tPm\neJm\n Nn´yw.

4. Bc`y IÀ½mWn KpWm-\zn-Xm\n `mhmwÝ kÀÆm³ hn\n-tbm-P-tbZv bx tXjm-a-`mth IrX-IÀ½-\mix IÀ½-£tb bmXn kX-XztXm\yx.

kakvX PK-¯n-sâbpw BZn-Im-c-W\pw kÀÆ-i-ànam-\p-amb B ]c- ta- iz- c³ {XnIme§Ä¡pw kÀÆYm AXo]c-ta- iz-c³Xs¶ Xsâ iàn`qX- amb aqe- {]-Ir- Xn-bm X-\m-Ip-¶p. At±-l-¯n Ime-¯n-tâ-Xmb bmsXmcp t`Z]©-Øqe alm-`q-Xn-I-fpsS cN-\m-IÀ½w \nÀÆ-ln-¨n«v §fpw CÃ. `qX-Im-ehpw `mhn-Im-ehpw At±-l-¯nsâ Ahsb \nco-£ n¨p ]n¶oSp PU-X -X z-§ -tfm- S p-I qSn ZrjvSn-bn hÀ¯-am- \-Imew Xs¶- bm-Ip-¶p. At±lw ]XntNX\mX-Xzs¯ kwbp-à-am-¡n-bn«v \m\m-cq-]§-fn \mdp Ie-I-fnÂ\n¶pw cln-X -\m-b n«pw temI-t¯mSp A\p-`-h-tbm-Ky-amb hnNn{X {]]©s¯ krjvSn¨p. AXm- kÀÆYm kw_-Ô- c-ln-X-\m-bn-cp-¶n«pw {]Ir-Xn-tbm-Sp-IqSn bXv Ahn-Zy. ]pWyhpw ]m]hpw IqSnb k©nX-IÀ½ Pohs\ kwtbm-Pn-¸n-¡p¶ Imc-W-¯n-sâbpw Imc-W-\mkwkv¡m-cw, kXzw cPÊv XaÊv F¶o aq¶p KpW-§Ä. Ip-¶ p. C¡mcyw Cu cl-kys¯ Adn-ªn-cn-¡p¶ Imew, a\-Êv, _p²n, Al¦mcw, ]rYzn, Pew, tXPÊv, Úm\nIfmb alm-ßm-¡Ähgn ImW-s¸-Sp-¶p. B ]c-ta-

3. XXvIÀ½ IrXzm hn\n-hÀ¯y `qb kvX¯zky Xt¯z\ ktaXy tbmKw FtI\ Zzm`ymw {Xn`n-cjvS-`nÀhm Imte\ ssNhm-ß-Kp-ssWÝ kq£vssax.

]c-kv{Xo-Imem ZItem]n ZrjvSx Xw hniz-cq]w `h-`q-X-aoUyw tZhw kzNn-¯-kY ap]mky ]qÀÆw.

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163

I iz-c³ Xs¶ GI-am-{X-kvXp-Xn¡v tbmKy-\m-Ip-¶p. At±ls¯ At\z-jn¨p aäp Zqscsb§pw t]mtI-­. Bh-iyan-Ã. At±lw \½psS lrZ-b¯n¯s¶ ØnXn-sN-¿p¶p. C¡mcyw ZrV-ambn hniz-kn-¨n«v FÃm {]Im-c-§-fn-epapÅ cq]w [cn-¡p-¶-h-h\pw PK-¯nsâ cq]-¯n {]I-Sam-bn-«p-Å-h\pw kÀÆm[mc\pw kÀÆ-i-àn-am\pw ]c-a-tZh\pw Bb ]c-ta-iz-csâ D]m-k\ \S¯n At±-ls¯ {]m]n- ¡-Ww. kw_Ôw þ C\n Úm\-tbm-K-cq- ]-amb aq¶m-as¯ km[\sb hnh-cn- ¡p-¶p.

¡mÄt{ijvT-\mbn aämcpw CÃ. At±lw Xs¶ Cu PK¯nsâ kÀÆ-t{i-jT- amb Imc-W-\m- Ip-¶p. At±lw kÀÆv cq-] -t¯m-S p-I q-S n-b -h -\m-bn-cp- ¶n«pw FÃm-¯ nÂ\n¶pw kÀÆYm thdn-«p-\n¡p-¶p.

K

8. \ Xky Imcyw IcWw N hnZytX \ XÕaÝm`y[nIÝ Zriy-tX. ]cmky iànÀhn-hn-ss[h {ipbtX kzm`m-hn-Io-Úm-\-_-e-{Inbm N.
Pohn-I-sf-t¸mse B ]c-{_Ò ]c-am-ßm-hn\v Imcy-Imc-W-§Ä þ ico-chpw C{µnb§fpw þ Cà AXm-bXv At±l-¯n tZl-¯n³tdbpw C{µn-b§-fp-tSbpw t`Z-§Ä CÃ. At±lw C{µn-b-§Ä IqSm-sX-Xs¶ FÃm C{µn-b-§fnepw {]hÀ¯\w \S-¯p-¶p. At±-l-t¯-¡mÄ hen-b-h\mbpw kam-\-\mbpw aämcpw ImW-s¸-Sp-¶n-Ã. hmkvX-h¯n At±-l-¯nÂ\n¶pw `n¶- ambn bmsXm¶pw Xs¶bn-Ã. B ]c-ta-iz-csâ Úm\w, _ew, {Inbm-cq-]-kz-cq-]`q-X-amb Znhyiàn Ch \m\m-{]-Im-c-§-fn tIÄ¡-s¸-Sp¶p.

6. k hr£-Im-em-Ir-Xn`nx ]tcmt\ym bkvamXv {]]©x ]cn-hÀ¯tXbw [À½mhlw ]m]-\pZw `tKiw ÚmXzm-ß-Ø-a-arXw hniz-[m-aw.
bmsXm-cp-¯sâ ANn´y iàn-bpsS {]`m-h-¯m Cu {]]©cq-]-am-Ip¶ kwkmcw \nc- ´cw Id-§n-s¡m-­ncn-¡p-¶pthm B ]c-am-ßmhv Cu kwkm-c-am-Ip¶ hr£w, Imew, BIrXn Ch-bs¡Ãmw AXo-X\pw `n¶\pw BIpv ¶p. AXm-bXv At±lw {]]-©- t¯mSp kÀÆYm kw_-Ôc-ln-X\pw Ime-t¯-t¸mepw {Kkn-¡p-¶-h\pw AXp-t]mse BIm-c -c-ln-X\pw BIp-¶p. F¶n- cp-¶mepw At±lw [À½s¯ hfÀ¯p-¶-h\pw ]m]s¯ \in-¸n-¡p-¶-h\pw FÃm sFiz-cy-§-fp-tSbpw A[n-]Xnbpw ka-kX-P-K-¯nv tâbpw B[m-c- hp-am-Ip-¶p. Cu k¼qÀ®-amb hnizw At±l-s¯- ¯s¶ B{i- bn-¨n-cn- ¡p-¶p. At±-l-¯n³sd k¯bm Xs¶ Dd-¨p-\n-ev¡p-¶p. B´-cym-an-bmbn At±lw \½psS lrZb§fnepw D­v. C{]-Imcw At±-ls¯ Adnª n«v Ú m\- t bm- K n- I Ä A ar- X - k z- c q- ] - \ mb B ]ctaizcs\ {]m]n-¡p-¶p.

9. \ Xky IÝnXv ]Xn-ckvXn temtI \ tNinXm ss\h N Xky enMvKw kIm-cWw Ic-Wm-[n]m[nt]m \ Nmky IÝn-Ö-\nXm \ Nm[n-]x.

PK-¯n ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ kzman-bm-bn«v Bcpw CÃ. FÃmw At±-l-¯nsâ Zmk-·mcpw tkh-I- ·mcpw BIp- ¶p. At±-l-¯nsâ A[n-Im-cn-bmbpw þ At±-l-¯nsâ ta `cWw \S-¯p-¶-h-\mbpw þ Bcp-an-Ã. FÃmw At±-l¯nsâ BÚbpw t{]c-Wbpw A\p-k-cn-¨p-sIm­v At±l-¯ nsâ \nb-{´-W-¯ n Ign-b p-¶p. At±-l-¯ n\v kw_Ôw þ BZys¯ A²ym- b-X-¯n bmsXm- cp-¯-cpsS bmsXmcp NnÓ-hn-ti-j-§fpw CÃ; F´p-sIm-s­-¶m hÀ®\w h¶n- cp-¶pthm AhÀ [ym\w hgn-bmbn ]c-am-ßm- At±lw kÀÆ{X ]cn-]qÀ®-\m-Ip-¶p. \ncm-Im-c\pw AXphns\ {]Xy-£- am-¡nb alm-ßm-¡Ä F¶p ]d-b-s¸-Sp-¶p. t]mse ]c-a-Im-c-W-\pw, Imc-W-§-fpsS Imc-W-hpw, FÃm A´x-I-c-W-§-fp-tSbpw C{µn-b-§-fp-tSbpw A[n-jTm-\-tZv 7. Xao-iz-cmWmw ]caw atl-izcw h-X-bp-sSbpw A[n-]-Xnbpw `c-Wm-[n-Im-cnbpw BIp-¶p. Cu ]c-{_Ò ]c-ta-iz-c\v bmsXmcp P\-I-\p-an-Ã. Ct±lw Xw tZh-Xm\mw ]caw N ssZh-Xw. AP-·mhpw k\mX\pw BIp-¶p. ]Xnw ]Xn\mw ]caw ]c-kvXmZv

hnZma tZhw `pht\iao-Uyw.
B ]c-{_Ò ]pcptjm¯-a³ FÃm Cuizc- ·m-cp-sSbpw temI-]m-e-I-·m-cp-sSbpw alm-\mb `c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-bm-Ip-¶p. AXm- bXv Ah- scÃmw At±-l-¯n- ¶- [o- \- cm-bn«v {]]-©s¯ `cn-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p- ¶p. At±lw FÃm tZh- X-I-fp- tSbpw ]cam-cm-[y-\mIp¶p. FÃm ]Xn-Ifp-tSbpw c£- I·m-cp-sSbpw ]c-a-]Xnbpw AXp-t]mse FÃm {_Òm-WvU-§-fp-tSbpw kzmanbpw BIp-¶p. kvXpXn-¡-s¸-Sp- hm³ tbmKy\pw {]Imi-kz-cq-]\pw ]c-a-tZ-h-\p-amb B ]c-am-ßm-hns\ \½sfÃmw FÃm-¯n-ep-ap-]-cn-bmbn Adn-bp-¶p. At±-l-t¯-

10. bkvX´p-\m` Ch X´p`nx {][m-\ssPx kz`mh tXm tZh GIx kzmam-hr-tWm-Xv. kt\m Z[m-Zv{_-Òm-]y-bw.
F{]-Imcw Nne´n X¶m {]I-S-am-¡-s¸« X´p-Pm-e§- fm kzbw BOm-Zn-X-am-bn-cn- ¡p- ¶p-hthm AtX- {]- Imcw GI-tZ-h\mb ]c-a-]p-cp-j-]-c-ta-iz-c³ Xsâ kzcq-]-`q-X-amb, apJyhpw Znhyhpw Bb, ANn-´y-i-àn-bm Dev]-¶amb A\-´-§-fmb Imcy-§-fn¡qSn kzm`m-hn-I-am-bn¯s¶ kzbw BOm-Zn-X -am-¡n-sh-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. X¡m- c- W- ¯m temI-Po- hn-IÄ¡v At±- l- s¯ ZÀin- ¡p-

N

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164

I hm³ km[n-¡p-¶n-Ã. kÀÆ-i-àn-am\pw kÀÆm-[m-c-amb B
]c-am-ßmhv \t½-sbÃmw AJn- e¯n-tâbpw ]c-am-{i-b-`qX-amb Xsâ ]c-{_-Ò-kz-cq-]¯n {]Xn-jvTn-¡-s«. -

11. GtIm tZhx kÀÆ-`q-tXjp KqVx kÀÆ-h ym]o kÀh-`q-Xm-´-c m-ß m. IÀ½m-[ y£x kÀh-`q-Xm-[ n-hmkx km£o tNXm tIhtem \nÀKp-W-Ý.
GI-\mb B ]c-a-tZh ]c-ta-iz-c³ Pohn-I-fpsS lrZb-cq-]-am-Ip¶ Kpl-I-fn Hfn- ªp-hkn-¡p-¶p. At±lw kÀÆ-hym-]nbpw FÃm PohnIfptSbpw A´-cym-an-bmb ]cam-ßmhpw BIp-¶p. At±lw Xs¶ FÃm IÀ½-§-fptSbpw A[n-jTm-Xmhpw Ahbv¡v IÀ½m-\p-kr-X-§-fmb v ^e-§sf \ÂIp-¶-h\pw kakvX Pohn-I-fpsS \nhm-kØm-\hpw B{i-bhpw BIp-¶p. AXp-t]mse At±lw Xs¶ FÃm-¯n- sâbpw km£nbpw ip`m-ip-`-IÀ½-§sf I­p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶-h\pw ]c-a-tN-X-\m-kz-cq-]\pw AJne-¯n\pw ssNX-\ys¯ {]Zm\w sN¿p-¶-h\pw kÀÆYm hnip-²\pw AXm-bXv \nÊw-K\pw {]mIr-Xn-I-K-W-§ÄU¡-Xo-X-\p-am-Ip-¶p.

Cu hnNn-{X-amb PK-¯ns\ krjvSn-¨n«v FÃm Poh-k-apZmb§Ä¡pw th­n Ah- bpsS IÀ½m- \p-kr- X- §- fmb ^et`m- K- hy- h-Ø- IÄ \S- ¯n- s¡m- ­n- cn- ¡p- ¶pthm At±- ls¯ {]m]n- ¡p- ¶- Xn\v c­p km[- \-IÄ D­v þ H¶v Úm\- tbmKw; c­v IÀ½-tbm-Kw. `àn c­nepw A\p-kyq-X-am-Ip-¶p. C¡m-c-W-¯m Ahsb {]tXyIw {]tXyIw hÀ®n-¡phm³ km[y-a-Ã. B Úm\-tbm-Khpw IÀ½-tbm-Khpw hgnbmbn {]m]n-¡-s¸-Sp-hm³ tbmKy-\mb AJn-e-Im-c-W-kz-cq]-\mb ]c-a-tZh ]c-ta-iz-cs\ Adn-ªn«v a\p-jyÀ FÃm _Ô- \ -§-f nÂ\n¶pw kÀÆYm apà-c m-bn-¯ o-c p-¶ p. bmsXm-cp-¯³ At±-ls¯ Adn-bp-¶pthm {]m]n-¡p¶pthm Ah³ Hcn-¡epw bmsXmcp Imc-W-h-imepw P\-\a-c-W_-Ô-\-§-fn ]Xn-¡p-¶n-Ã. AXn-\m a\p-jyÀ¡v kÀÆ-i-àn-am\pw kÀÆm-[m-c-hp-amb B ]c-am-ßm-hns\ {]m]n-¡p-¶-Xn\v X§-fpsS tbmKy-Xbpw cpNnbpw A\p-kcn¨v Úm\-tbm-Ktam IÀ½-tbm-Ktam GsX-¦nepw Hcp km[-\-bn Xmev]-cy-]qÀÆw hym]r-X- cm-bn-cn-¡-Ww.

K

12. GtIm hio \njv{In-bmWmw _lp \mþ taIw _oPw _lp[m b Itcm-Xn. Xam-ßØw tb\p]-iy´n [ocmþ kvtXjmw kJw imizXw t\X-tc-jmw.
bmsXm¶v hnip-²-tN-X-\m-kz-cq-]-amb ]a-tc-iz-csâ Awiw Bb-Xp-Im-cWw hmkvX-h-¯n \njv{In-b-am-cn-bn¡p-¶pthm A§- s\-bpÅ A\- ´- §- fmb Pohm-ßm- ¡- fpsS bmsXm-cp-¯³ \nb-´mhpw IÀ½-^-e-§sf \ÂIp-¶-h-\pam-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm bmsXm-cp-¯³ GI-{]-Ir-Xn-cq-]-a mb _oPs¯ At\Iw {]Im-c-§-fn krjvSn-¨n«v Cu hnNn{X-P-K-¯nsâ cq]-¯n B¡n- ¯oÀ¯pthm lrZ-bØnX-\mb B ]c-a-i-àn-am-\mb ]c-ta-iz-c\ bmsXmcp [oc-]pcp-j³ \nc-´cw ZÀin-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶pthm \nc-´cw At±- l- ¯n X·- b- ambn hkn- ¡p-¶pthm AhÀ¡v F¶pw \ne-\n¡p¶ ]c-am-\µw {]m]vX-am- Ip-¶p. aäp-Å-hÀ¡v AXm-bXv bmsXm-cp-¯À C{]-Imcw At±-ls¯ \nc-´cw Nn´n-¡m-Xn-cn-¡p-¶pthm AhÀ¡v B ]c-am-\µw e`y-amIp-¶nÃ. AhÀ AXnÂ\n¶pw h©n-X-cmbn hkn-¡p-¶p.

14. \ X{X kqtcym `mXn \ N{µ-Xm-cIw t\am-hn-ZyptXm `m´n ItXmba-ánx. Xtah `m´-a-\p-`mXn kÀhw Xky-`mkm kÀh-anZw hn`m-Xn.
]c-am-\µ kzcq-]-\-\mb B ]c-ta-iz-csâ kao-]w Cu kqcy\v Xsâ {]Imiw ]c-¯p-hm³ Ign-bp-¶n-Ã. kqtcymZ-b-¯n an¶m-an-\p-§nsâ {]Imiw e]vX- am-bn-t¸m-Ip-¶Xp- t]mse kqcysâ tXPÊpw AhnsS ep]vX-am-bn- cn-¡p- ¶p. N{µ³, \£-{X-§Ä, CSn-an-¶Â Chbv¡pw AhnsS ChbpsS {]Imiw {]k-cn-¸n-¡p-hm³ Ign-bp-¶n-Ã. ]ns¶ Cu temI-¯nse Aán-bpsS Imcyw F´n\p ]d-bp¶p? F´psIm-s­-¶m Cu temI-¯Â {]Im-in-¡p¶ FÃm-X-Xz§fpw ]ca {]Im-i-kz-cq-]-\mb ]c-{_Ò ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ {]Im-i-i- àn-bpsS GtXm Aev]mw-is¯ {]m]n- ¨n«p {]Imin-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. ]ns¶ Ahbv¡v X§-fpsS {]Im-iIsâ kao]w F§s\ {]Im-in-¡p-hm³ Ignbpw? AXn\m Cu k¼qÀ®-amb PK¯v PK-Zm-ßm-hmb B ]pcptjm-¯-asâ {]Im-i-¯ nÂ\n¶pw {]Im-in- ¨p-sIm-­ n-cn¡p¶p F¶p-Xs¶ a\-Ên-em-¡-Ww.

Cu temI-¯n {]Im-i-kz-cq-]-\mb ]c-{_-Ò-]-c-ta-izc³ kÀÆ{X ]cn-]qÀ®-\m-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. At±lw Pe-¯n ØnXn-sN-¿p-¶p. Aán-bm-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. ioXf kz`m-h-t¯m\nXy-tN-X-\-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bXpw kÀÆ-i-àn-am\pw kÀÆmSp- Iq-Snb Pe-¯n DjvW-kz-`m-h-t¯m-Sp-Iq- Snb Aán-bpsS [m-c-hp-amb ]c-am-ßmhv X\n-tb-Xs¶ hf-sc-b-[nIw \nXy`mhw km[m-cW ZrjvSn¡p a\-Ên-em-¡p-hm³ Ign-bp-¶ntN-X-\-tbm-Sp-Iq-Snb Pohm-ßm-¡-fpsS IÀ½ ^em-\p-`-h-§Ã. F´p-sIm-s­-¶m c­n-sâbpw kz`m-h§Ä ]cfpsS hn[m\w \S- ¯n-s¡m-­n-cn-¡p-¶pthm bmsXm-cp-¯³

13. \ntXym \nXym\mw tNX-\-tÝ-X-\m-\mþ tatIm _lp\mw tbm hnZ-[mXn Imam³ XXv ImcWw kmwJy-tbm-Km[n Kayw ÚmXzm tZhw apNytX kÀh-]m-ssix.

15. GtIm lwtkm `ph-\-kymky at[y k Ghmánx kente kw\n-hnjvSx Xtah hnZn-XzmXn arXyp-taXn \m\yx ]Ùm hnZytXb\m-b.

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165

I kv]cw hn`n-¶-§-fm-Wv. F¶n-cp-¶mepw AXnsâ clkys¯ {Kln-¨n-«pÅ sshÚm-\n-I-·mÀ¡v CXv {]Xy-£ambn ImW-s¸-Sp-¶p. C{]-Imcw ]c-am-ßmhv Cu PU PK¯nÂ\n¶pw kzm`m-hn-I-ambpw Akm-[ m-c-W-am-Ip-¶ p. F´p-sIm-s­-¶m At±lw ssNX-\y-hm\pw Úm\-kzcq-]\pw kÀÆ-Ú\pw BIp-¶p. AXp-t]mse Cu PK¯v PU-hp-am-Ip-¶p. C{]-Imcw PK-¯n\p hncp-²-ambn ImWs¸-Sp-¶Xp ImcWw km[m-cW ZrjvSn¡v At±lw CXn {]Imcw hym]vX- \m-bn-cn-¡p¶p F¶pÅ Imcyw a\-Ên-emIp-¶n-Ã. F¶m bmsXm- cp-¯³ B ]c-{_-Ò-¯nsâ ANn´yhpw AÛp-X-Ic-hp-amb iàn- bpsS cl-kys¯ Adnbp- ¶pthm Ah\v CXv {]Xy- £- ambn kÀÆ{X ]cn-]qÀ®hpw FÃm-¯n-tâbpw GI-am-{X-hp-amb Imc-Whpw F¶ {]XoXn-bp-f-hm-¡p-¶p. kÀÆ-i-àn-am\pw kÀÆm-[m-c-hp-amb B ]c-am-ßm-hns\ Adn-ªp-Xs¶ a\p-jyÀ Cu arXyp-cq-]-amIp¶ kwkm-c-k-ap-{Z-¯nsâ A¡-c-IS-I-¡p-¶p þ Fs¶t¶-b v¡ p-ambn P\-\ -a-c -W -§-f nÂ\n¶pw ]qÀ®-a mbn tamN\w t\Sp-¶p. At±-l-¯nsâ Znhy-[m-a-{]m-]vXn-¡pth­n aäp bmsXmcp amÀ¤-§-fp-an-Ã. AXn-\m \ap¡v B ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ PnÚm-kp-¡fm-bn«v At±-ls¯ Adn-bp¶-Xn-\pÅ {]hÀ¯-\-§-fn hym]r-X-cm-I-Ww.

fp-sS) kzman-bm-Ip-¶p. AXp-t]mse Imcy-Im-cW cq]-§fn ØnX-am-bn-cn-¡p¶ kXz-c- P-kvXtam KpW-§-fpsS \nb{´-Whpw bYm-tbmKyw \S-¯p-¶p. At±lw Xs¶ Cu P·-ar-Xyp-cq-]-am-Ip¶ kwkm-c-N{I-¯n Pohn-Isf AhbpsS IÀ½m-\p-kr-X-ambn _Ôn-¨n-Sp¶p; Ahsb kwc£n- ¡p-Ibpw Cu _Ô-\-¯nÂ\n¶pw Ahsb apà-cm¡p- Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. At±-l-¯nsâ Ir]-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn- ¯s¶ Pohn-IÄ apàn-¡pÅ km[-\-I-fn apgp-In-bn«v km[-\bpsS ]cn-]m-I-am-Ip-¶-tXm-Sp-IqSn apà-cm-Ip-¶p.

K

17. k X·tbm lyarX Cui-kwtØm Úx kÀÆtKm `ph-\-kymky tKm]vXm. b Cuti Aky PKtXm \nXy-tah \mt\ym tlXpÀhn-ZyX Cui-\m-b.

]c-{_Ò ]c-ta-i z-c³ Cu PK-¯ nsâ cq]-¯n ØnX\pw Aar-X-kz-cq-]\pw GI-c-k-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-h-\p-amIp-¶p. Cu PK-¯nsâ D¸-¯n-hn-\m-k-Ikz-cq-]-§-fmIp¶ ]cn-h À¯-\ -§ -tfm-S p-I qSn At±-l -¯ nsâ ]cnhÀ¯\w kw`- hn-¡p-¶n-Ã. At±lw FÃm Cuiz- c-·m-cnepw FÃm temI§tfbpw ]cn-]m-en-¡p-¶-Xn\v \nbp-à-cm-¡nbn-«pÅ temI-]m-e-I-·m-cn-epw, A´-cym-an-cq-]-¯n ØnXnkw_Ôw þ bmsXm-cp-¯s\ Adn-bp-¶-Xp-sIm­v P\-\-a- sN-¿p-¶p. kÀÆ-Ú\pw kÀÆ{X ]cn-]qÀ®-\p-amb B ]cc-W-§-fnÂ\n¶pw H-gn-hm-Ip¶p F¶ Imcyw ]d-ªn-cn-¡p- ta-iz-c³ Xs¶ Cu alm {_Òm-WvUs¯ kwc-£n-¡p¶p, B ]c-ta-iz-c³ F§-s\-bp-Å-Xm-Ip¶p? C¡m-cy- ¶p. At±lw Xs¶ Cu ]qÀ®-P-K-¯ns\ Ft¸mgpw bYm¯n At±-l-¯nsâ kzcq]w hÀ®n-¡-s¸-Sp-¶p. tbmKyw \nb-{´n-¨p-sIm­p \bn¡p¶p. aäp bmsXm-¶nt\bpw Cu PK-¯n-sâ-ta `cWw \S-¯p-¶-Xn\v D]-bp16. k hniz-IrZv hniz-hn-Zm-ß-tbm-\nÀ à-tl-Xp-hmbn {]Xo-X-a m-Ip-¶n-Ã. F´p-sIm-s­-¶ m Úx Ime Imtem KpWo kÀÆ-hnZv bx. aämÀ¡pw-Xs¶ FÃm-¯nsâ taepw `cWw \S-¯p-hm³ {][m\ t£{X-Ú-]-XnÀKp-tWix Ignbp-¶n-à .

kwkm-c-tam-£-Ø nXn _Ô-tl-Xpx.
bmsXm-c p-¯ sâ {]I-cWw XpSÀ¶p-s Im-­ n-c n-¡p¶pthm Úm\ kzcq-]-\mb B ]c-{_Ò ]pcp-tjm-¯-a³ AJn-e-P-K-¯n-sâbpw cN-bn-Xmhpw kÀÆ-Ú\pw Xs¶¯s¶ {]I-S-am-¡p-¶-Xn kzbw tlXp-hp-am-Ip-¶p. At±ls¯ {]Xy-£-am-¡p¶ aäp bmsXmcp Imc-W-hp-an-Ã. At±lw Ime-sâbpw alm-Im-e-\ m-Ip-¶p. Ime-¯n-\pt]mepw At±-l-¯ nÂhsc F¯p-hm³ Ign-b p-¶ n-à . At±lw Imem-Xo-X-\m-Wv. kÀÆ-i-àn-am-\mb B ]c-ta-izc³ kulmÀ±w, t{]aw, Zb apX-emb FÃm awK-f-a-b-§fmb Znhy-Kp- W-§-fm k¼-¶-\m-Ip- ¶p. temI- ¯n F{Xam{Xw ip`-Kp-W-§Ä I­p-hcp-¶pthm Ah-sbÃmw B Znhy-Kp-W-§-fpsS GsX¦nepw Aev]mw-i-¯ nsâ Hcp Xnf¡w am{X- am-Ip-¶p. At±lw FÃm Pohn-I-tfbpw AhbpsS IÀ½-§- tfbpw A\-´- amb {_Òm-WvU-¯n-\p-Ån aq¶p-Im-e§ -fnepw kw`-hn-¨p-s Im-­n-cn-¡ p¶ Gähpw sNdn-bXpw Gähpw hen-bXp-amb kw`-h-§sf \Ã-Xpt]mse Adn-ªp-sIm-­ n-cn-¡p-¶p. At±lw {]Ir-Xn-bptSbpw Poh-k-ap-Zm-b-¯n-tâbpw (Xsâ ]cm-]-c-{]-Ir-Xn-I-

kw_Ôw þ D]-cyp-à-amb ]c-ta-iz-cs\ Adn-bp-¶-Xn\pw {]m]n-¡p-¶-Xn\pw km[-Isâ cq]-¯n At±-l-s¯¯s¶ icWw {]m]n-t¡­ {]Im-cs¯ ]d-bp-¶p.

18. tbm {_ÒmWw hnZ[mXn ]qÀÆw tbm ssh th ZmwÝ {]ln-tWmXn Xkvssa Xw l tZh-am-ß-_p-²n-{]-Imiw aap-£pÀssh ic-W-alw {]]-tZy.
B ]c-ta-iz-cs\ {]m]n-¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ kmÀÆ-`u-ahpw kpK-a-hp-amb D]mbw kÀÆ-`m-h-§-tfm-Spw-IqSn \nÀ`-c-ambn At±-l-¯nsâ Xs¶ ic-W-¯n F¯n- t¨-cpIp F¶pÅ - X m- W v . A Xn- \ m km[ - I \v a\- Ê p- h - g n- b mbn Xmsg¸dbp¶ `mhs¯ Nn´n- ¨p-sIm­v ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ icW-¯n sN¶p-tN-c-Ww. bmsXmcp ]c-ta-iz-c³Xs¶ Gähpw BZy-ambn Xsâ \m`n-I-a-e-¯nÂ\n¶pw {_Òmhns\ DÛ-hn-¸n-¨pthm DÛ-hn-¸n-¨- Xn-\p-tijw At±- l-¯n\v FÃm thZ-§-fp-tSbpw Úm\w {]mZ\w sNbvXp-thm, AXpt]mse bmsXm-cp- ¯³ Xsâ kzcq-]- ¯nsâ Úm\w {Kln¸n-¡p-¶-Xn-\p-th­n Xsâ `à-·m-cpsS lrZ-b§fnÂ

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I XZ\pcq-]-amb hnip² _p²n {]I-S-am-¡p-¶pthm B kÀÆ-

tizXm-iz-X-c-a-lÀjn kzX-]Ênsâ {]`m-h-¯m kai-àn-am\pw {]kn-²-tZ-h-\p-amb ]c-{_Ò ]pcp-tjm-¯-a- kvX-hn-j-bkpJ-§-tfbpw ]cn-Xy- Pn¨v kwb-a-t¯m-Sp-Iq- Snb \n Rm³ tam£m-`n-em,-¯m bpà-\mbn icWw {]m]n- PohnXw \bn¨v \nc-´cw ]c-amß Nn´-bn ebn¨v B ¡p-¶p. At±lw Xs¶ Cu kwkm-c-N-{I-¯nÂ\n¶pw ]c-a-tZ-h-\mb ]c-ta-iz-csâ Assl-Xp-In-bmb Zb-bm Fs¶ tamNn-¸n-¡-s«. At±-ls¯ Adn-ªn-cp-¶p. ]n¶oSv Ejn-am-cm tkhn-X\mbn Ah-cpsS ]c-a-e-£y-amb Cu ]c-a-]-hn-{X-amb {_Ò19. \njvIew \njv{Inbw im´w \nc-hZyw X-Xzm-{i-a-¯nsâ Al-¦m-c-¯n\pw kÀÆYm AXo-X-\mbn \nc-Rv P \w tZlm-`n-am-\-iq-\y-cmb A[n-Im-cn-Isf \Ã-Xp-t]mse D]-tZAar-Xky ]cw tkXpw PKvt[-Ô-\-an-hm-\-ew. in-¨p-sIm-­n-cp-¶p. CXnÂ\n¶pw tZlm-`n-am\iq\y-\mb \nÀKp-Whpw \ncm-Im-c-hp-amb ]c-am-ßm-hns\ D]m-k\ km[-I³Xs¶ {_Ò-X- Xz-¯nsâ D]-tZiw {ihn-¡p-¶-Xn\S-¯p¶ km[-I\v C{]-Im-c-apÅ `mh-\- -fp-­m-bn-cn-¡-Ww. \pÅ bYmÀ°m-h-Im-in-sb¶v Cu a{´- ¯n sXfn-bn-¡AXm-b Xv ]Xn\mdp Ie-I-tfm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bh \pw kwkm-c- s¸- «n-cn-¡p-¶ p. ¯nsâ _Ô-§-fm cln-X\pw XnI¨pw {Inbm-iq-\y\pw 22. thZmt´ ]caw Kplyw ]pc-Ievt] ]c-a-im-´\pw kIe tZmj§fm cln-X-\p-am-bn-cn-¡-Ww. {]tNm-Zn-X w. bmsXm¶v Aar-X-kz-cq-]-amb tam£-¯nsâ tkXp-hm-bn\m{]-im-´mb ZmXhyw \m]p-{Xmcn-¡p-¶pthm AXm-bXv bmsXm-¶ns\ B{i-bn-¨n-«p-a-\pbm-in-jymb hm]p\x jyÀ¡v AXy´w kpK-a-Xm-]qÀÆw Cu kwkmc kap-{Z¯nsâ A¡c IS-¡p-¶-Xn\p km[n-¡p-¶pthm bmsXmcp Cu ]ca cl-ky-amb Úm\s¯ ]qÀÆ-Ie]-¯nepw - v XSn-b sS ]mÀ°n-h -a mb Awiw I¯n¡gnª-Xnsâ thZ-¯nsâ A´na `mK-§-fmb D]-\n-j-¯p¡fnepw \Ãtijw Pzen-¨ p-sIm-­n-c n-¡ p¶p I\-e p-I Ä¡p-X peyw Xp- t]mse hÀ®n-¨n- «p-­m-bn-cp-¶p. Cu Úm\-¯n³sd ]ckÀÆYm \nÀhn-Im-c\pw \nÀ½-e\pw {]Im-i-kz-cq-]\pw ¼c Iev]-Iev]m-´-c-ambn XpSÀ¶p-hcp-¶p. CXp ]pXnb Úm\-kz-cq-]\pw ]c-a-ssN- X-\y-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-h- \p-amb B Imcy-sam-¶p-aà F¶p kmcw. CXnsâ D]-tZiw BÀ¡p \nÀKp-W- \n-cm-Imc ]c-am-ßm-hns\ XmXzn-I-ambn Adn-bp-¶ISp- ¡-s¸-«p, BÀ¡p sImSp- ¡-s¸-«n-Ã, C§- s\-bpÅ kwiXn\v At±-l-s¯- ¯s¶ e£y- am¡n Nn´n-¨p-sIm-­n- cn-¡pb-¯n\p adp-]Sn ]d-bp-¶p. ""bmsXm-cp-¯sâ A´x-I-cWw ¶p. hnj-bkpJ§- fm iq\y-ambn kÀÆYm im´- am-Im-Xn-cnkw_Ôw þ Cu kwkm-c_-Ô-§-fn \n¶pw tamN\w ¡p-¶pthm A§-s\-bpÅ a\p-jy\v Cu clkyw D]-tZt\Sp-¶- Xn\v t\ct¯ ]d-ªn- «pÅ kwK- Xn-I- f-\p-k-cn¨v ]c- in-¨p-sIm-Sp-¡phm³ ]mSnÃ; AXp-t]mse bmsXm-cp-¯³ am-ßm-hns\ Adn-bp-I-b-ÃmsX aäp bmsXmcp]mb-§-fp-an-Ã. Xsâ ]p{Xt\m AYhm injyt\m AÃm-Xn-cn-¡p-¶p-thm, AXns\ H¶p-IqSn Zr-V-s¸-Sp-¯-¶p. Ah\pw AXns\ Zm\w sN¿p-hm³ ]mSn-Ã.'' kmcw Fs´¶m H¶pIn im´- Nn-¯-\m-bn-«pÅ Ah-Im-in¡p 20. bZm NÀ½-h-Zm-Imiw thjvS-bn-jy´n \ÂIWw AsÃ-¦n kz´w ]p{Xt\m injyt\m \ÂIam\hmx Ww. F´psIms­¶m ]p{X-·m-scbpw injy-·m-scbpw XZm tZh-a-hn-Úmb ZpxJkyt´m `hn-jy-Xn. Ah-Im-in-I- fm-¡n-¯oÀt¡-­Xp ]nXm-¡-·m-cp- sSbpw KpcpF{X-t¯mfw XpI-en\p Xpeyw Npcp-«p-hm³ a\p-jysc ¡- ·m-cp-sSbpw tPmen-bm-Ip- ¶p. AXn- \m Ah³ t\c- t¯kw_-Ôn- ¨n-S-t¯mfw BIm-is¯ Akw-`-hy- am-Ip-¶pthm Xs¶ Ah-Im-in-bm-bn-cn-¡-W-sa¶ \nb-a-sam¶pw CÃ. FÃm a\p-jycpw H¶n- ¨p-Iq-Sn-bmepw C¡mcyw km[y-am-Ip23. bky tZth ]cm `ànÀbYm tZth ¶n- Ãtbm AtX-{]-Imcw Xs¶ ]c-am-ßm-hns\ Adn-bmsX XYm Kpcu BÀ¡pw Cu ZpxJ-k-ap-{Z-¯nsâ A¡-sc-sb-¯p-hm³ XsskytX IYnXm lyÀYmx km[y-a-Ã. AXn-\m a\p-jyÀ¡p ZpxJ-§-fn \n¶pw \nXy-ambn tamN\w t\Sp-¶-Xn\pw ]c-am-\-µs¯ {]m]n-¡p{]Im-it´ almß ¶-Xn\pw th­n asäÃm `mK-§-fnÂ\n¶pw a\-Êns\ amän\x. {]Im-it´ alm-ß-\x. bn«v GI-am-{X-\mb At±-ls¯ Adn-bp-¶-Xn-\pÅ km[bmsXmcp km[-I\v ]ca tZh-\mb ]c-ta-iz-c-\n ]c-a\Ifn Xo{h-amb Bi-tbm-Sp-IqSn hym]r-X-cm-bn-cn-¡-Ww. amb `àn-bp-­m-Ip-¶pthm IqSmsX F{]-Imcw ]c-ta-iz-c21. X]x-{]-`m-hmZv tZh-{]-km-Zm¨ {_Ò \n kà-\m-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm A{]-Imcw Xs¶ Xsâ Kpcpl tizXm-iz-XtcmY hnZzm³ hnepw BIp-¶p. B alm-ßm-hmb ]pcp-jsâ lrZ-bAXym-{i-an`yx ]caw ]hn{Xw ¯nÂXs¶ Cu hÀ®n-¡ -s ¸-«n-«pÅ cl-k y-a -b -amb AÀ°w {]Im-in-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. AXn-\m PnÚmt{]mhmN kay-Kr-j n-kw-L -Pq-jvSw.

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I kp-¡Ä ]qÀ®-{i-²m-ep-¡fpw `à·mcpw Bbn-cn-¡-Ww.
bmsXm-cp-¯\p ]qÀ®-amb {i²bpw `ànbpw D­m-bn-cn¡p-¶pthm B alm-ßm-hnsâ lrZ-b-¯n Cu KqVm-ib-§Ä {]Im-in-¡p-¶p. {KÙ¯nsâ ]cn-kam-]vXnsb kqNn-¸n-¡p-¶-Xn-\p-th­n Cu a{´-¯nse A´n-a -hmIys¯ ]p\-cm-hÀ¯n- ¨n-cn-¡p-¶p.

im´n-] mTw
Hmw kl \mh-h-Xp. kl \u `p\-àp. kl hocyw Ic-hm-h-ssl. tXPkzn \mh-[o-X -a-kvXp. am hnZznjm hssl. Hmw im´nx ! im´nx !! im´nx !!!
CXnsâ AÀ°w Bcw-`-¯n sImSp-¯n-«p-­v.

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sFXtctbm-]-\n-j¯v3 1
im´n- ] mTw
Hmw hmMvta a\kn {]Xn-jvTn-Xm. at\m ta hmNn {] X n- j vTn- X - a m- h n- c - h oÀ a. G [ n. thZk y a BWoØx {ipXw ta am {]lm-kox. At\-\m-[otX- \ m- tlm- c m- {Xm³ kwZ [man- E Xw hZn-j ym- an. kXyw hZn- j yman X·m- a - h - X p. XZz- à m- c - a - h Xp AhXp ama-hXp hàm-c-a-hXp hàm-cw. Hmw im´nx ! im´nx !! im´nx !!!
EtKz-Zob sFX-tc-bm-c-Wy-I-¯n c­mw Bc-Wy-I¯nsâ \mepw A©pw Bdpw A²ym-b-§sf sFX-tc-tbm]-\n-j¯v F¶ t]cn Adn-bp-¶p. Cu aq¶-²ym-b-§-fnembn {_Ò-hn-Zy-bpsS {]m[m-\ys¯ hnh-cn-¡p-¶p. CXpsIm­v CXns\ D]-\n-j-¯mbn Icp-Xp-¶p. Cu im´n-]m-T- ¯n FÃm {]Im-c-¯n-ep-apÅ hnLv\§sf ]cn-l-cn-¡p-¶-Xn\v ]c-ta-iz-c-t\mSp {]mÀ°n-¡p-¶p. "tl k¨n-Zm-\µ kzcq-]-\mb ]c-am-ßm-th, Fsâ a\Êv hmWn-bn ØnX-ambn \n¡tW hmWn a\-Ên ØnXam-bn-cn-¡-tW. AXm-bXv Fsâ a\Êpw hmWnbpw H¶mbn {]hÀ¯n-¡-tW. Rm³ hmWn-bm Hcp ]mTw ]Tn-¡pIbpw a\Êv asäm-¶ns\ Nn´n-¡p-Ibpw sN¿m-Xn-cn-¡-tW. AYhm a\-Ên-sem¶pw hmWn-bn asäm¶pw Nn´n-¡pIbpw ]d-bp-Ibpw sN¿m-Xn- cn-¡-sW. Fsâ k¦-e]-§fpw v hN-\-§fpw hnip-²-am-bn«v GI-`m-h-ap-Å-Xm-bn-¯o-ctW! tl {]Imi kzcq-]-\mb ]c-ta-iz-cm, A§v F\n-¡p-th­n {]Xy-£-s¸-«m-epw. A§-bpsS tbmK-am-b-bpsS ad Fsâ lrZ-b¯nÂ\n¶pw amän-bm-epw. (C-{]-Imcw ]c-am-ßm-hnt\mSp {]mÀ°n-¨n«v D]m-k-I³ Xsâ a\-Ên-t\mSpw hmWntbmSpw ]dbp-¶p) AÃtbm a\-tÊ, hmWo, \n§Ä c­pw F\n¡v thZ-kw-_-Ô- amb Úm\-{]m-]vXn-bp-­m-¡p-¶-hcm-bn-¯o-cq. \n§-fpsS klm-b-¯m F\n¡v thZ-hn-jb-I-amb Úm\w {]m]n-¡p-hm³ Ign-bp-¶p. Kpcp-ap-J-¯p\n¶pw tI«n-«p-ÅXpw Fsâ A\p-`-h¯n h¶n-«p-ÅXpamb Úm\w Fs¶ XyPn-¡m-Xn-cn-¡-tW. AXm-bXv Ah Ft¸mgpw Fsâ kvac-W-bn \ne-\n¡-tW. Rm³ Ahsb Hcn-¡epw ad-¡m-Xn-cn-¡-tW. Fsâ A²y-b\w hgn cmhpw ]Iepw H¶m-¡n-¯oÀ¡p-hm³ Rm\m-{K-ln-¡p¶p. AXm-bXv cmhpw ]Iepw XpSÀ¨-bmbn {_Ò-hnZy ]Tn¡p-¶-Xn\pw AtX-¸än Nn´n-¡p-¶-Xn\pw km[n-¡-tW. Fsâ ka-b-¯nsâ Hcw-iw-t]mepw hyÀ°-ambn \jvS-s¸Sm-Xn-cn-¡-tW. Rms\sâ hm¡p-IÄsIm­v kÀÆYm D¯ahpw bmsXm-cp-X-c-¯n-ep-apÅ tZmj-§-fn-Ãm-¯Xpw kXyw Xpfp-¼n-\n¡p-¶-Xp-amb D¨m-cWw \S-¯mw. ImWp-¶Xpw tIÄ¡p-¶Xpw a\-Ên-em-¡p-¶Xpw Bb `mh-§sf AtXco-Xn-bn¯s¶ {]I-Sn-¸n-¡mw. AXn bmsXmcp hyXymkhpw hcp-¯p-I-bn-Ã. (C-{]-Imcw Xsâ hmWn-tbbpw a\Ên-t\bpw ZrV-h-¯m-¡n-bn«v ho­pw ]c-am-ßm-hn-t\mSv {]mÀ°n-¡p- ¶p) B ]c-{_Ò ]c-am- ßmhv Fs¶ c£n-t¡tW. B ]c-ta-iz-c³ {_Ò-hnZy ]Tn-¸n-¡p¶ Fsâ BNmcys\ c£n- ¡-tW. Fsâ A²y-b\ -¯n bmsXmcp hnLv\§fpw D­m-Im-Xn-cn-¡p-¶-Xn\v Fs¶bpw Fsâ BNm-cy-t\bpw B ]c-am-ßmhv c£n-¡-tW. B[n-`u-XnIhpw B[n-ssZ-hn-Ihpw B²ym-ßn-Ihp-amb hnLv\-§-

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I fpsS \nhr-¯n-¡mbn aq¶p-{]m-hiyw "im´n' ]Zs¯ D¨-

C{]-Imcw Cu FÃm temI-§-tfbpw krjvSn-¨n«v ]ccn-¡p-¶p. `K-hm³ im´n-kz-cq-]-\m-Wv. AXn-\m At±-l- ta-iz-c³ Nn´n-¨p. Xm³ temI-kr-jSn-sNbvXp Ign-ªn-cnv ¯nsâ kvac-W-sIm­v im´n \nÝ-b-ambpw e`n-¡p-¶p. ¡p-¶p. C\n temI-§sf kwc-£n-¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ temI-]me-I- -·msc krjvS n-t¡-­-Xm-hi y-am-Wv. A\yYm kwc£Ww IqSmsX FÃm temI- §Ä¡pw kpc- £n- X-ambn \ne{]Y-am- ² ymbw \n¡p-hm³ km[y-a-Ã. C{]-Imcw hnNm-cn¨v At±lw Pe¯nÂ\n¶pw AXm-bXv Pew apX-emb kq£va alm-`q-X{]Y-a-J Wv Uw §-fnÂ\n¶pw lnc-Wy-amb ]pcp-j s\ ]pd-s ¯-Sp¯v 1. Hmw Bßm hm CZ-taI Ghm{K Bko-Xv. \m\y- AXns\ AwtKm-]mw-K-§- fm bpà-am-¡n-bn«v {]Xnam cq]XvInw-N\ anj-Xv. k Cu£X temIm¶p krPm ¯n-em-¡n-¯oÀ¯p. ChnsS "]pcpj' ]Z-¯nÂ\n¶pw CXn. krjvSn-Im-e¯n Gähpw BZyw {]Xy-£-\mb {_Òmhns\ hÀ®n-¨ n-cn-¡p-¶p. F´p-sIm-s ­-¶m {_ÒmCu a{´-¯n ]c-am-ßm-hntâ krjvSn þ cN\m hnj- b-I-amb BZy k¦-ev]s¯ hÀ®n-¡p-¶p. ImWp-Ibpw hnÂ\n-¶p-Xs¶ FÃm temI-]m-eI·m-cp-tSbpw {]P-Isf tIÄ¡p-Ibpw {Kln-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p¶ PU-tN-\m-a-b-amb hÀ²n-¸n-¡p¶ {]Pm-]-Xn-I-fp-tSbpw DÛhw D­m-bn-cn-¡pCu PK¯v Cu cq]-¯n-em-Ip-¶-Xn\p ap³]v Imc-Wm-h-Ø - ¶p. bn GI-am-{X-\mb ]c- am-ßmhp am{Xta D­m-bn- cp-¶p- Åq. 4. Xa-` y-X -] -¯ -k ym-` n-X -] vX ky apJw \nc-` n- ZyX B kabw CXn `n¶-§- fmb \ma-cq-]- §- tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb A`n- bYmWvUw apJm-ZzmKv hmtNmánÀ\m-kntI \nchy-àn-Isfm-¶p-an- Ãm-bn-cp-¶p. B kabw ]c-{_Ò ]c-am- `n-t ZyXmw \mkn-I m`ymw {]mWx {]mWm- Zzm-b p- c ßm-hns\ IqSmsX aämcpw {]hÀ¯n-¡p-¶-h-cm-bn-Ãm-bn-cp- £nWo \nc- ` n- t ZyX a£n`ymw N£pÝ£pj ¶p. krjvSn-bpsS Bcw-`¯n B ]c-a-]p-cp-j-\mb ]c- BZnXyx IÀ®u \nc-`n-tZyXmw IÀ®m`yw t{im{Xw am-ßmhp Nn´n¨pw ""Pohn-I-fpsS IÀ½-^ew A\p-`-hn-¡p- t{im{Xm-±n-i -kvXzMv \nc-` n-ZyX Xz tNm temam\n ¶ - X n - \ p - t h­ n `n ¶ - § - f mb t em I - § s f Rm ³ tema`y HmjZn h\-kv]-Xtbm lrZbw \nc-`n-ZyX krjvSn¡pw'' F¶v. lrZ-bm-·t\m a\-kÝ{µam \m`nÀ\n-c`n-ZyX \m`ym -

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C{]-Imcw lnc-Wy-KÀ`-]p-cp-js\ krjvSn-¨n«v AXnsâ AwtKm-]mw-K-§sf k¦-ev]-cq-]-amb X]-Êp-sN-bvXt¸mÄ C§s\ hnNm-cn-¨n«v ]c-{_Ò ]c-ta-iz-c³ Aw`-Ê,v aco- B X]- Ênsâ ^e- kz-cq- ]- ambn lnc-Wy- KÀ` ]pcp-jsâ icoNn, ac, Pew þ Cu temI-§sf krjvSn-¨p. Cu hm¡p- c-¯n kÀÆ-{]-Y-a-ambn AWvUw-t]mse s]m«n apJhpw Isf kv]jvS- am-¡p- ¶- Xn\p ap¼n {ipXn ]d- bp¶p þ kzÀ¤- hmbpw D­m-b n. apJ- ¯ nÂ\n¶pw hmKn- { µn- b hpw ¯n\pw apI-fn-embn ImW-s¸-Sp¶ alx, P\x X]x, kXy AXnÂ\n¶pw AXnsâ A[n-jvTm-\-tZ-h-X-bmb Aánbpw temI-§fpw Ah-bpsS B[m-c-amb Zyptem-Ihpw þ Cu DÛ-hn-¨p. ]ns¶ \mkn-I-bpsS c­p-Zzm-c-§Ä D­m-bn. A©p temI-§-tfbpw ChnsS Aw`Êv F¶ t]cn ]d- Ah- bn¡qSn {]mW-hmbp ]pd-s¸- «p. B {]mW-\nÂ\n¶pw bp-¶p. AXnsâ Xmsg A´-co-£-temIw ØnXn-sN-¿p-¶p. hmbp-`-K- hm³ D­m-bn. ChnsS {]mtW- {µn-bs¯ {]tXyIw AXn kqcy\pw N{µ\pw Xmc-K-W-§fpw þ Ch-sbÃmw hÀ®n-¡p-¶nÃ; AXn-\m {]mtW-{µn-bhpw AXnsâ tZhInc-W-§-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb temI-am-Ip-¶p. CXp acoNn F¶ X-bmb Aizn-\o-Ip-am-c\pw \mkn-I-bn \n¶pw DÛ-hn-¨p. t]cn hÀ®n-¡-s¸-Sp-¶p. AXn\pw Xmsg-bmbn ImW-s¸- C{]-Imcw a\-Ên-em-¡Ww þ CXp-t]m-se-Xs¶ ck-t\-{µnSp¶ ]rYzo-tem-Is¯ arXyp-temIw F¶p ]d-bp¶p; AXp b-¯n-tâbpw AXnsâ tZh-X-bp-tSbpw D¸-¯n-bp-­m-bn. ChnsS "acw' F¶ t]cn hnfn-¡-s¸-Sp-¶p. AXn\pw Xmsg ]ns¶ c­p I®p-IÄ {]I-S-ambn Ah-bnÂ\n¶p t\t{XAXm-bXv ]rYzn-bpsS ASn-bn-em-bn-«p-ÅXp ]mXm-f-tem-I-§- {µn-bhpw t\t{X-{µn-b¯nÂ\n-¶pw, AXntâ tZh-X-bmb kqcy\pw DÛ-hn-¨p. AXn-\p-tijw IÀ®-§-fpsS c­p fm-Ip-¶p. Ah "B]x' F¶ t]cn-\m Adn-b- s¸-Sp-¶p. PK¯n F{Xtbm temI-§Ä þ {Xntem-Iw, NXpÀZ-i-`p-h\w, Zzmc-§ -f p-­ m-b n. Ah-b nÂ\n¶pw t{imt{X-{µn-b hpw k]vX-temIw F¶o t]cp-I-fn {]kn-²-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm AXnÂ\n¶p AXn³sd tZh-X-Ifmb Zn¡p-Ifpw P\n-¨p. A\-´cw Xz¡v (NÀ½w) D­m-bn. Xz¡nÂ\n¶pw tcma-§B temI-§sfsbÃmw ]c-am-ßmhp krjvSn-¨p. fp-­m-bn. tcma-§-fnÂ\n¶v Hmj[nIfpw h\-k]-Xn-Ifpw v 3. k Cu£tX ta \p temIm temI-] m-e m¶p D­m-bn. ]ns¶ lrZbw D­m-bn. AXnÂ\n¶pw a\Êpw krPm CXn tkmZv`y Gh ]pcpjw kap-²r-Xym- a\-ÊnÂ\n¶pw AXnsâ A[n-jTm-\-tZ-h-X-bmb N{µ\pw v aqÀO-b-Xv. DÛ-hn-¨p. ]ns¶ \m`n {]I-S-am-bn. \m`n-bnÂ\n¶pw A]m-

2. k Camw-tÃm-I m-\ -k r-P-X . Awt`m aco-N oÀa-c amt]mtZmw`x ]tcW Znhw Zyux {]Xn-j vTm-´ co£w aco-Nbx ]rYoho atcm bm A[-kvXm¯m B]x.

A]mt\m]m\m-·rXypx iniv\w \nc-`n-ZyX iniv\mt{ZtXm tcXk B]x.

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I \-hm-bphpw A]m-\hm-bp-hnÂ\n¶p KptZ-{µn-b-¯nsâ -

3. Xm`y ]pcp-j -am-\-b ¯m A{_p-h ³ kpIrXw A[n-jvTn-Xm-hmb arXyp-tZ-h-Xbpw DÛ-hn-¨p. \m`n-bpsS DÛ- _tX-Xn. ]pcptjm hmh kpIr-Xw. Xm A{_-hoh-t¯m-Sp-IqSn¯s¶ KpZ-Ñn-{Zhpw KptZ-{µn-bhpw D­mbn Zy-Ym-b-X\w {]hn-i-tX-Xn.
F¶pw a\-Ên-em-¡p-I. ChnsS A]m-\-hmbp ae-hn-kÀÖ\-tl-Xphpw AXnsâ Øm\w \m`n-bp-am-bXp ImcWw AXn\v apJy- amb Øm\w Iev]n-¨n- cn-¡p- ¶p. F¶m arXyp A]m-\sâ A[n-jTm-Xm-hm-Ip-¶p. AXp-Im-cWw D]-e-£v W-t¯m-Sp-IqSn KptZ-{µn-b-¯nsâ hÀ®-\hpw CXn A´ÀK-X-am-bn-cn-¡p¶p F¶p Icp-Xp-¶Xv DNn-X-am-Wv. ]ns¶ enwKw {]Xy-£-a m-bn. AXnÂ\n¶pw hocyhpw AXnÂ\n¶pw Pehpw D­m-bn. ChnsS enwK-¯nsâ Dev]¯n-bn \n¶pw D]-tØ-{µn-bhpw AXnsâ tZh-X-bmb {]Pm-]-Xnbpw Dev]-¶-am-Ip-¶p.

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C{]-Imcw IpXn-cbpw ]iphpw AhÀ¡p lnX-I-casöp a\-Ên-em-b-t¸mÄ ]c-ta-iz-c³ AhÀ¡p-th­n a\pjy-i-co-cs¯ krjvSn-¡p-Ibpw Ahsc ImWn-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXp. AXns\ I­-t¸mįs¶ FÃm tZh-X-Ifpw AXy´w {]k-¶-cm-bn. A\-´cw AhÀ ]dªp þ ""CXp R§sf kw_-Ôn-¨n-S-t¯mfw hfsc kpµ-c-amb \nhmk-Øm-\-am-Wv. CXn R§Ä¡p hfsc kpJ-ambn \nhkn-¡p-h m³ Ign-bpw. R§-fpsS FÃm Bh-iy-§fpw \¶mbn \nd-th-äp-hm\pw Ign-bpw.'' hmkvX-h-¯n a\p-jyi-cocw ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ kpµ-c-amb krjvSn-X-s¶-bm-Wv. AXn-\m CXp tZh-ZpÀÃ-`-sa¶p Icp-Xp-Ibpw imkv{X- §fn ]e-bn-S¯pw CXnsâ aln-asb ]mSn-¸p-Igv¯p-Ibpw ZznXo- b -J WvU w sN¿p-¶p. F´p-sIm-s­- ¶m CtX-co-Xn-bn Poh\v ]c1. Xm GXm tZhXmx krjv S m Akv a n³ al- am-ßm-hnsâ BÚ-b-\p-k-cn¨v bYm-tbmKyw km[-\-IÄ XyÀ®th {]m]-Xw-k vXa-i-\mbm ]n]m-k m-`ym-a-\z- A\p-jTn¨v A-t±-ls¯ {]m]n-¡p-hm³ Ign-bp-¶p. FÃm v hmÀPXv Xm G\-a-{_p-h-¶m-b-X\w \x {]Pm-\oln tZh-X-IÄ¡pw B icocw CjvS-am-sW¶p I­-t¸mÄ ]cbkvan³ {]Xn-jvTnXm A¶-a-Zm-ta-Xn. ta- iz-c³ Ah- tcmSp ]dªp þ ""\n§Ä Ah-c-hÀ¡p tbmKy]c-am-ßm-hn-\m krjvSn-¡-s¸« B C{µn-b§-fpsS ambn Øm\-§Ä t\m¡n Cu ico- c- ¯n {]th-in¨p hknA[n-jSm-\-tZ-h-X-am-cmb Aán apX-emb FÃm-tZ-h-X-Ifpw ¨p-sIm-Åp-hn³.'' v kwkm-ccq-]-am-Ip¶ Cu alm-k-ap-{Z-¯n h¶p-tNÀ¶p. 4. AánÀhmKv`qXzm apJw {]mhn-i-Zzmbpx {]mtWmAXm-bXv lnc-Wy-KÀ`-]p-cp-jsâ ico-c-¯n \n¶pw P\n- `qXzm \mkntI {]mhn-i-Zm-Zn-Xy-Ý-£pÀ`q-Xzm-£n-Wo¨-Xn-\p-tijw AhÀ¡v \nÀ±n-jvS-amb bmsXmcp Øm\hpw {]m- h n-i -± nix t{im{Xw `qXzm IÀ®u {]mhn-i e`n-¨n-cp-¶n-Ã. X¡m-c-Wm AhÀ B ka-jvSn-i-co-c- t¶mj [nh-\ -k v] -X tbm temam\n `qXzm XzNw ¯n¯s¶ hkn-¨p. At¸mÄ ]c-am-ßmhv B tZh-Xm-k- {]mhniw Ý{µam at\m-`qXzm lrZbw {]mhn-i-·raq- l-¯n\p hni¸pw Zmlhpw D­m-¡n. AXn-\m hni¸pw Xyp-c -]mt\m `qXzm \m`nw {]mhn-i-Zmt]m tctXm Zmlhpw sIm­v ]oUn-X-cmbn Aán apX-emb FÃm tZh- `qXzm iniv\w {]mhn-i³. X- Ifpw X§sf krjvSn¨ ]c- am-ßm-hn-t\mSp ]dªp þ ""`KkrjvSn-IÀ¯m-hmb ]c-ta-iz-csâ BÚ-b\p-k-cn¨v h³, R§Ä¡v A¶hpw `£-Whpw aXn-bm-thmfw e`n¨p Aán-tZ-hX hmKn-{µnb cq]w [cn¨v a\p-jy-i-co-c-¯nsâ kpJ-ambn Pohn-¡ p-¶-Xn\v DX-I -¯ -¡ -h n-[-apÅ Hcp hmbn {]th-in¨v Pnlzsb Xsâ B{i-bØm-\-am-¡n. Øm\w R§Ä¡mbn hyhØ sNbvXp-X- c-Ww.'' ChnsS hcp-W-tZ-h\pw ck-t\-{µn-b-am-bn«v hmbn {]th2 . X mt` ym Kmam- \ - b ¯ m A {_ p- h ¶ s s h in¨p ]ns¶ hmbp-tZ-hX {]mW-\m-bn«v \mkn-I-bpsS Zzmct\mbae anXn Xmt`ymizam-\-b¯m A{_p-h¶ §-fn¡qSn {]th-in-¨p. Aizn-\o-Ip-am-c\pw {]mtW-{µn-bssh t\mba-e-an-Xn. cq]w [cn-¨n«p \mkn-Ibn {]hn-jvS-am-bn. AXn-\p-tijw kqcy-tZ-h³ t\t{X-{µn-bam-bn«p I®p-I-fn {]th-in-¨p. C{]-Im-c-apÅ Ah-cpsS {]mÀ°-\-tI«v krjvSn-IÀ¯mhmb ]c-ta-iz-c³ AhÀs¡Ãmw hkn-¡p-¶-Xn-\mbn Hcp Huj-[n-I-fp-tSbpw h\-kv]-X n-I-fp-tSbpw Al-¦m-cn-bmb ]ip-hnsâ ico-c-ap-­m-¡n Ah-sc-¡m-Wn-¨p. AXp-I-­n«v tZhX tcma-cq-]-t¯m-Sp-IqSn Xz¡n {]th-in-¨p. AXpAhÀ ]dªp þ "`K-h³, CXp R§Ä¡p ]cym-]vX-am-Ip- t]mse N{µ³ a\-Ênsâ cq]w [cn¨p lrZ-b- ¯nepw arXypv ¶n- Ã. CXnÂ\n¶p R§-fpsS Imcy-§- sfm¶pw kpK-a-ambn tZ-hX A]m-\-cq]w [cn¨p \m`n-bnepw {]hn-jS-am-bn. Pe\S-¯p-hm³ km[y-a-Ã. AXp-sIm­v CXn-s\-¡mÄ t{ijvT- ¯nsâ A[n-jvTm\ tZhX hocy-amb enwK-¯nepw {]thamb asämcp icocw krjvSn-¨p-X-¶m-epw.'' At¸mÄ ]c-am- in-¨p. C{]-Imcw FÃm tZh-X- Ifpw C{µn-b-cq]w [cn-¨v Ahv ßmhv AhÀ¡mbn Hcp IpXn-c-bpsS icocw \nÀ½n-¨n«v c-hÀ¡p-]-bp-à-amb Øm\-§-fn D]-hn-jS-cmbn ØnXnsN-bvXp. Ahsc ImWn-¨p. AXp I­v AhÀ ho­pw ]dªp þ ""`K-h³, CXpw R§Ä¡v Bh-iy¯n\pX-Ip-¶- X-Ã. A§v aq¶m- a-Xmbn asämcp icocw D­m¡n R§Ä¡p X¶m- epw.''

5. Xa-i -\ mbm ]n]mtk A{_q-X m-am-h m-` yma`n-{]Pm\o loXn. tX A{_-ho-tZ-Xm-tkzh hmw tZh-Xm-

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I kzm-`-Pmtay Xmkp `mKn\yu Itcm-ao-Xn. XkvamZyssky Issky N tZh-Xmssb lhnÀKr-lytX `mKn-\ym-th-hm-kym-a-i-\ m-bm-]n-]mtk `h-Xx.
At¸mÄ hni¸pw Zmlhpw IqSn ]c-ta-iz-c-t\m-Sp-IqSn ]d-bp-hm³ XpS§n þ "`K-h³' ChÀs¡Ãmw hkn-¡p-¶-Xn\pÅ Øm\w A§p \nÝ-bn-¨p-sIm-Sp-¯n-cn-¡p-¶p-. C\n R§Ä¡m-bn«pw GsX-¦nepw Øm\w I­p-]n-Sn¨v AXn R§sf Øm]n-¨mepw! AhÀ C{]-Imcw ]d-ªt¸mÄ krjvSn-IÀ¯m-hmb ]c-ta-iz-c³ Ah-tcmSp ]dªp þ ""\n§Ä¡p c­p-t]À¡pw {]tXy-Iamb Øm\-§-fpsS Bh-iy-an-Ã. \n§Ä c­p-t]À¡pw Cu tZh-X-I-fpsS Øm\-§-fn Rm³ Ah-Imiw \ÂIpw. Cu tZh-X-I-fpsS Blm-c-¯n \n§Ä c­p-t]-tcbpw Rm³ ]¦p-Im-cm-¡n¯oÀ¡pw. krjvSn-bpsS Bcw-`-¯n¯s¶ ]c-ta-iz-c³ C§s\ Hcp \nbaw \nÝ-bn-¨n-cp-¶p. AXn-\m Ft¸m-sg¦nepw GsXmcp tZh-X- b¡m-bn«p sImSp-¡p-¶- Xn\v C{µnbw v hgn-bmbn hnjbt`mK§sf hln-¨p- sIm­p t]mIp- ¶pthm B tZh-X-bpsS `mK-¯n Cu hni¸pw Zmlhpw ]¦p-Imcmbn `mhn-¡p¶p; AXm-bXv B C{µn-b¯nsâ A`n-am-\nbmb tZh-X-bpsS Xr]vXn-tbm-Sp-IqSn £pXv]n-]m- k-IÄ¡pw im´n-e-`n-¡p-¶p.

temI-§-fp-tSbpw temI-]m-e-I-·m-cp-tSbpw Blm-c-kw_-Ôn-bmb Bh-iy-§sf ]qÀ¯o-I-cn- ¡p-¶-Xn\v D¸-¶am-¡-s¸-«n-cn-¡p¶ A¶w ""CXv Fs¶ `£n¨v Fsâ \miw hcp-¯p-¶-Xm-I-bm AXnÂ\n¶pw tamN\w t\SWw'' F¶p IcpXn ]n³Xn-cn-tªm-Sp-hm³ XpS-§n. At¸mÄ B a\p-jy-cq-]-¯n krjvSn-¡-s¸« Pohm-ßmhv A¶s¯ hm¡p-IÄ apJm-´ncw ]nSn-¡p-hm-\m-{K-ln¨p; F¶m AXn\p hmWo- Zzmcm A¶s¯ ]nSn-¡p-hm³ Ign- ªn- Ã. B ]pcpj\p hmWo-Zzmcm A¶s¯ ]nSn¨p \nÀ¯p- hm³ Ignªn-cp¶p F¦n a\p-jy³ Ct¸mgpw A¶s¯ hmWoZzmcm D¨m-c-Ww-sIm­p AXm-bXv A¶-¯nsâ \mtam-¨mc-W-am-{X-bnÂ, hbdp \nd-bp-am-bn-cp-¶p. F¶m A§s\ kw`-hn-¨n-à .

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4 . X X v{] m- t W - \ mPnL r £ - ¯ - ¶ m- i - I vt\ mX v {]mtW\ {KloXpw k bss²-\ Xv {]mtW-\ m-{Kssl-jy-Z-`n-{]m-W y-ssl-hm¶ a{X-]v ky-Xv.
At¸mÄ B ]pcp-j³ A¶s¯ {]mW³ aqew AXmbXv {]mtW-{µn-b-Zzmcm ]nSn-¡p-hm³ B{K-ln¨p; F¶m AXn\p {LmtW-{µnbw hgn AXns\ ]nSn-¡p-hm³ km[n¨n-Ã. Cu A¶s¯ {LmtW-{µn-bw-sIm­p ]nSn-¡p-hm³ Ign-ªn-cp¶p F¦n Ct¸mgpw Bfp-IÄ¡v `£Ww aW¯p-sIm­p Xr]vXn-s¸-Sp-hm³ Ign-bp-am-bn-cp-¶p. F¶m A§-s\bpw kw`-hn-¨n-Ã.

XrXob JWvU w
1. k Cu£-tXta \p temImÝ temI-]m-em-Ým-¶ta`yx krPm CXn.
Chsb FÃmw krjvS n-¨-Xn-\p-tijw ]c-ta-iz-c ³ ho­pw Nn´n¨p þ "Cu temI§tfbpw temI-]m-e-I-·mscbpw krjvSn- ¨n-cn-¡p¶p þ ChnsS cN-\m-kw-_-Ô-amb FÃm-¡m-cy-§fpw ]qÀ¯n-bm-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. C\n ChÀ¡p Pohn-¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ `£Ww D­m-¡Ww þ t`mK-h-kvXp-¡fp- ­m-¡-Ww. F´p-sIm-s­- ¶m Ch-tbm-Sp-IqSn hni¸pw Zmlhpw tNÀ¡-s ¸-«n-cn-¡ p-¶p. AXn-\ m A¶s¯ krjvSn-¡mw.

5. X-¨ £p jmPn-L r-£ -¯ -¶ m-i -Ivt\m-¨ -£ pjm {KloXpw k bss²-\¨£p-jm-{K-ssl-jyZv ZrjvSzm - sslhm-¶ -a-{ X-] vk y-Xv.
]ns¶ B ]pcp-j³ A¶s¯ I®p-IÄsIm­p ]nSn¡p-hm³ Bin¨p; F¶m Ah\v AXn\p Ign-ªn-Ã. Ah\p I®p-IÄsIm­v A¶s¯ ]nSn-¡p-hm³ Ign-ªncp- s¶- ¦n XoÀ¨-bmbpw C¶pw Bfp-IÄ A¶s¯ I­p Xr]vXn-s¸-Sp-am-bn-cp-¶p. F¶m A§s\ kw`-hn-¨n-Ã.

2. tkmt]m`yX-]-¯mt`ym`nX-]vXmt`ym aqÀ¯nc-Pm-b-X. bm ssh km aqÀ¯n-c-Pm-b-Xm¶w ssh XXv .

6. XÑ-t dm-t {X- W m-P n- £ - L r-¯ -¶ m-i -I vt \mÑv tdm t{XW-{K-loXpw k bss²-\ -Ñv-tdm-t{X-Wm-{K-ssljy-Ñ vdpXzm sslhm-¶-a-{X-]vky-Xv.
]ns¶ B ]pcp- j³ A¶s¯ IÀ®-Zzmcm ]nSn- ¡p- hm³ B{K- l n-¨ p. F¶m B {iahpw ^en-¨ n-à . IÀ®§ÄsIm­v AXns\ ]nSn-¨n-cp¶p F¦n C¶pw a\pjyÀ¡v A¶- ¯nsâ \ma-{i-hW-am-{X-bn¯s¶ Xr]vXns¸-Sm-am-bn-cp-¶p. F¶m A§-s\bpw Ign-ªn-Ã.

apI-fn ]d-ª-hn[w Nn´n-¨n«p ]c-ta-iz-c³ Pes¯ AXm-bXv A©p kq£va alm-`q-X-§sf X]n-¸n¨p Xsâ k¦-ev]-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Snb {Inbsb AXn \S-¯n. ]c-am-ßmhnsâ k¦-e]-t¯m-Sp-IqSn k©m-en-X-amb B kq£va-av 7. X¯zm- ] m- P n- L r- £ - ¯ - ¶ m- i - I v t \m- \ - ¯ zNm lm-`q-X- §- fnÂ\n¶pw aqÀ¯n {]Xy- £- ambn; AXm-bXv Ah{KloXpw k bss²-\-¯z-Nm-{K-ssl-jy-Õv]rjvSzm bpsS Øqe-cq]w D¸-¶-am-bn. B A¶w Xs¶ tZh-Xsslhm-¶ -a-{ X-] vk y-Xv. IÄ¡p t`mKy-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. At¸mÄ B ]pcp- j³ A¶s¯ Xz¡p-sIm­v ]nSn-¡p3. XtZ-\Xv krjvSw ]cm-M-Xy-Pn-Lmw-k-¯-Zzm-NmPn hm-\m-in-¨p. F¶m Ah\v AXns\ Xz¡p-aq-ehpw ]nSnLr£Iv \¶m-i-t¯m-ZzmNm {Klo-Xpw. bss²-\¡p-hm³ Ign-ªn-Ã. A§s\ kw`-hn-¨n-cp-¶p-sh-¦n Zzm- N m- { K- s sl- j y- Z - ` n- h ym- l rXy sslhm- ¶ - a - { X XoÀ¨-bmbpw a\p-jyÀ A¶s¯ kv]Àin-¨p-Xs¶ Xr]vX-

N

-]vky-Xv .

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171

I cm-Ip-am-bn-cp-¶p. F¶m A§-s\bpw kw`-hn-¨n-Ã.
8. X·- \ - k mPo L r£- ¯ - ¶ m- i - I v t \m- · - \ km {KloXpw k bss²-\-· -\-k m-{K-s sl-j y-² ymXzm sslhm-¶ -a-{ X-] vk y-Xv.
]ns¶ B ]pcp-j³ A¶s¯ a\-Êp-sIm­p hio-Icn-¡p-¶-Xn-¶m-{K-ln-¨p. F¶m Ah\v AXns\ a\-ÊpsIm­p hi-¯m-¡p-hm³ Ign-ªn-Ã. Ah\v AXns\ a\Êp-sIm­p ]nSn-¡p-hm³ km[n-¨n-cp-¶p-sh-¦n XoÀ¨-bmbpw C¶pw a\p-jy³ A¶s¯ Nn´n-¨p-sIm­p Xr]vXns¸-Sp-am-bn-cp-¶p. ]s£ A§-s\bpw ImWp-hm³ Ignªn-Ã.

9. XÑn-ivt\-\m-Pn-Lr-£ -¯-¶ m-iIvt\m Ñnivt\-\{K-loXpw k bss²\ Ñn ivt\\m-{K-s sl-j y-ZznkrPy sslhm-¶-a-{X-]vky-Xv.
]n¶oSv B ]pcp-j³ A¶s¯ D]Øw (enw-Kw) sIm­p ]nSn-¡p-hm³ B{K-ln¨p; F¶m Ah\v D]-ØZzmcm A¶s¯ ]nSn-¡p-hm³ Ign-ªn-Ã. Ah\v D]-ØZzmcm ]nSn-¡p-hm³ Ign-ªn-cp¶p F¦n XoÀ¨-bmbpw C¶pw A¶s¯ Dt]-£n¨p Xr]vXn-s¸-Sp-hm³ Ign-bp-ambn-cp-¶p. F¶m A§s\ kw`-hn-¨n-Ã.

¨v, AhÀs¡- à m- a pÅ Blm-c hpw krjvS n¨v XYm a\pjyico-c-[m-cn-bmb ]pcp-j³ Blm-cs¯ {Kln-¡p-¶Xn\pw ]Tn-¨p-I-gn-ª-t¸mÄ B kÀÆ-{k-jvSm-hmb ]c-taiz-c³ ho­pw Nn´n¨p ""Cu a\p-jy-cq-]-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Snb ]pcpj³ Fs¶-¡q-SmsX F§s\ Pohn¡pw? Cu Pohmßm-hn-t\m-Sp-IqSn Fsâ kl-tbmKw D­m-Ip-¶n-sÃ-¦n AXp X\nsb F{]-Imcw Dd-¨p-\n¡pw? AXp-t]mse Fsâ kl-tbmKw IqSmsX Cu ]pcp-j³ hmWo-Zzmcm kwkm-cn-¡p-hm³ ]Tn-¨p, {LmtW-{µnbw hgn aW-¡p-¶Xn\p ]Tn-¨p. {]mW³hgn hmbp-hns\ DÅn-tebv¡pw ]pdt¯bv¡pw hen-¡p-Ibpw hnSp-Ibpw sN¿p¶ {Inbbpw ]Tn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. I®p-IÄsIm­p ImWp-¶p, {ih-tW-{µnb-§ÄsIm­p tIÄ¡p-¶p, XzKn-{µnbw hgn-bmbn kv]Ài\kpJw Adn-bp- ¶p, a\-Êp- sIm­p a\\w sN¿p- ¶p, A]m\-Zzmcm A¶w hngp-§p-¶p, P\-t\-{µn-b-Zzmcm aq{Xhpw hocyhpw hnkÀÖn-¡p-¶-Xn-\m \n]p-W\pw IqSn-bmIp¶ p F¦n ]ns¶ F s¶- s ¡m­v Ah- s \´m Imcyw'' AXm-bXv Fs¶- ¡q-SmsX Cu FÃm C{µn-b-§fpw hgn-bmbn {]hÀ¯-\-k- ¼-¶-\m- Ip- ¶-Xn\v Chs\ kw_-Ôn¨n- S-t¯mfw Akw-`-hy-am- W.v '' C{Xbpw Nn´n-¨n«v Rm³ Cu a\pjy ico-c¯n ]mZ-§fpw akvX-Ihpw þ Cu c­n GXp-amÀ¤-ambn {]th-in¡pw F¶pw hnNm-cn-¨p.

K

12. k GX-a th koam\w hnZm-s scy-X bm Zzmcm {]m]-Zy-X. sskjm hnZr-XnÀ\ma ZzmkvX-tZ-X¶ mAh-km\w B ]pcp-j³ A¶s¯ apJ-¯nsâ Zzmc- µ-\w. Xky {Xb Bh-k-Ym-kv{Xbx kz]v\mx, Ab¯n¡qSn A]m-\-hm-bp-Zzmcm {Kln-¡p-¶-Xn\v B{K-ln- ¨p. am-h- ktYmbam-hm-k tYmbam-h-kY CXn.
AXm- bXv A]m- \-hm-bp- Zzmcm apJ-¯n¡qSn ico-c- ¯nsâ DÅn-te¡p {]th-in-¸n-¡p-¶-Xn\p {]hÀ¯n- ¨p. At¸mÄ Ah\v A¶s¯ Xsâ ico-c-¯nsâ DÅn sIm­p-t]mIp-hm³ Ign-ªp. bmsXmcp A]m-\-hmbp shfn-bn \n¶pw ico-c¯nsâ DÅn-tebv¡p izmtkm-Ñzm-k-cq-]¯n IS¶pt]m-Ip-¶pthm AXp-X-s¶-bm-Ip¶p A¶¯nsâ {Kml-I³. AXns\ ]nSn-¨-h³; AXm-bXv DÅnte¡p sIm­p-t]m-Ip-¶-h³. {]mW-hm-bp-hns\ kw_-Ôn¨v, Cu A¶w apJm-´ncw Pohsâ kwc-£Ww \nÀÆ-ln¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶-Xp-sIm­v CXp km£m Bbp-ÊpXs¶ BIp¶p F¶Xv {]kn-²-am-Ip-¶p. AXv Cu A]m-\hm- bp-hns\ Iq«n-s¡m-­p-Xs¶ {]mWmZn A©p t`Z- §- fn hn`-à-ambncn¡p¶ apJy-{]m-Wsâ Hcw-i-am-Ip-¶p. AXn\m {]mW³ Xs¶ a\p-jysâ Poh-\m-Ip¶p F¶v CXnÂ\n¶pw hyà-am-Ip-¶p. ]c-am-ßmhv Cu a\p-jy-i-co-c-¯nsâ koasb "aqÀ²mhns\' AXm- bXv {_Ò- c- Ôvds¯ ]nfÀ¶n«v AXp-amÀ¤-ambn B kPoh a\p-jy-i-co-c-¯n {]th-in-¨p. Cu Zzmcw hnZrXn (hn-ZoÀ®-am-¡-s¸-«-Zzm-cw) F¶ t]cn {]kn-²-ambn-¯oÀ¶p. AXp-Xs¶ Cu hnZrXn F¶p t]cp-Å-Zzmcw ({_-Ò-Ô vdw) B\-µ-{]-Zm-b-I-am-b n-cn-¡p¶p; AXm-b Xv B\µ kzcq-]-\mb ]c-am-ßm- hnsâ {]m]vXn \ÂIp-¶p. ]cta-iz-csâ {]m]vXn-¡pÅ Øm\-§Ä aq¶m-Ip-¶p. kz]v\§fpw aq¶v. BZy-t¯-Xmb lrZ-bm-Imiw At±-l-¯nsâ D]-e-_v[n-Øm-\-am-Ip-¶p. c­m-a-t¯Xv hnip-²m-Im-i-cq-]]-c-a-[maw. AXv kXy-tem-Iw, tKmtem-Iw, {_Ò-tem-Iw, kmtI-X-tem-Iw, ssIemkw BZn-bmb At\Iw t]cp-Ifm Adn-b-s¸-Sp-¶p. aq¶m-a-t¯Xv Cu k¼qÀ®-amb {_Òm- W v U - a m- I p-¶ p. AXp- t]mse Cu PK-¯ nsâ Øqehpw kq£va hpw Imc-W -cq-]-hp-amb aq¶-h-ØIÄXs¶ CXnsâ aq¶p kz]v\-§fpw BIp-¶p.

10. XZ-]m-t\-\m-Pn-Lr-£-¯-Zm-h-bXv ssktjm¶ ky {Ktlm bZzm-bp-c-¶m-bpÀhm Gj bZzmbpx

11. k Cu£X IYw \znZw aZrtX kymZnXn k Cu£tX IX-tcW {]]Zym CXn. k Cu£X bZn hmNm `nhym-lrXw bZn {]mtWm-\m-`n-{]m-WnXw bZn N£pjm ZrjvSw bZn t{imt{X-W-ivdpXw bZn XzNm kv]rjvSw bZn a\km [ymXw bZy-]m-t\-\m-`y-]m\nXw bZn inivt\\ hnkr-jvSaY tImlan-Xn.

13. k PmtXm `qXm-\ y-`n-s shy-J yXv Inan-l m\yw hmh-Zn-j-Zn-Xn. k GX-tah ]pcpjw {_Ò XX-a-a]-iy-Xv. CZ-a-ZÀi-an-Xo.

a\p-jy-cq-]-¯n DÛ-hn¨ ]pcp-j³ Cu `uXn-IP-K¯nsâ hnNn-{X- c-N-\sb hfsc BÝ-cy-t¯m-Sp-IqSn \mepC{]- Imcw temI-t¯bpw temI- ]m- e- I- ·m- tcbpw krjvSn- `m-K-§-fn t\m¡p-Ibpw a\-Ên C{]-Imcw ]d-bp-Ibpw

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I sNbvXp þ ""Cu hnNn{X PK-¯ns\ krjvSn-¨Xv ChnsS aämcmWv? F´p-sIm-s­- ¶m CXv F¶m krjvSn-¡-s¸-«tX-b-Ã. Imcy-a p-Å Xp ImcWw XoÀ¨-bmbpw CXnsâ krjvSm-hmbn Bsc-¦nepw D­m-bn-cn-¡-Ww.'' C{]-Imcw hnNm-cn-¨n«v B km[-I³ Xsâ lrZ-b¯n A´-cym-anbmbn hncm-Pn-¡p¶ ]pcp-j-s\-¯s¶ Cu k¼qÀ® PK¯n hym]n-¨n-cn-¡p¶ ]c-{_-Ò¯nsâ cq]-¯nÂ, {]Xy£- am-¡n. At¸mÄ Ah³ B\- µ-\n-a-á-\mbn DÅn C{]Imcw ]d-bp-hm³ XpS§n þ ""Atlm ku`m-Kyw, Rm³ ]c{_-Ò-]-c-ta-iz-cs\ I­n-cn-¡p-¶p, km£m-Xv¡mcw {]m]n¨n-cn-¡p-¶p.''

1. ]pcptj l hm Ab-am-ZntXm KÀt`m `h-Xn. btZX t{ZXx XtZ-XXv kÀtht`ymMv tK`y-kvtXPx kw`qX-am-ß-t\y-hm-ßm\w _n`À¯n XZyZm kv{Xnbmw kn©-Xy-ssY-\-Ö-\-bXn XZky {]Yaw P·.

K

Cu PK-¯nsâ hnNn{X cN-\-sb-¡­v CXnsâ {kjvSmhmb ]c- am-ßm-hnsâ k¯-bn hniz-kn¨v a\p-jy³ At±ls¯ Adn-bp-¶-Xn\pw {]m]n-¡p-¶-Xn\pw DÕp-I-\mbn At±-l-¯-¯s¶ B{i-bn¨v {]hÀ¯n-¡p¶p F¦n XoÀ¨-bmbpw B ]cm-]-cs\ Adn- bp-hm³ Ign- bp-sa¶ `mhw 2. XÂkv{Xnbm Bß-`qXw iÑ-Xn. bYm kzaw KwXChnsS {]I-S-am-¡-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶p. ]c-am-ßm-hns\ Adn-bpYm. Xkvam-tZ\mw \ ln\-kvXn. kmsskyX amßm¶-Xn\pw {]m]n-¡p-¶-Xn-\p-apÅ {]hr¯n Cu a\p-jy-i-co\-a-{X-KXw `mh-b-Xn. c-¯nÂ\n¶pw am{Xta km[y-am-I-bp-Åq. aäp ico-c-§-fn B kv{Xo (am-Xm-h) bpsS ico-c-¯n h¶p-tNÀ¶ B v km[y-a-Ã. KÀ`w þ ]nXm-hp-h-gn-bmbn Øm]n-X-amb tXPÊv þ B 14. Xkvam-Zn-Zt{µm \mta-Zt{µm l ssh \ma Xankv{XobpsS Bß-`m-hs¯ {]m]n-¡p-¶p. AXm-bXv AhZ{µw k´-an{µ CXym-N£tX ]tcm-t£-W. ]tcmfpsS aäw-K-§Ä t]mse-Xs¶ CXpw Ah-fpsS Hc-h-b-h£-{]-nbm Ch ln tZhmx ]tcm-£-{]nbm Ch ln ambn ]cn-W-an-¡p-¶p. AXp-Im-cWw B KÀ`w Ah-fpsS tZhmx DZ-c-¯n InS-¶n«pw bmsXm- cp-hn-[-amb ]oU-Ifpw Ahsf ]c-{_Ò ]c-am-ßm-hns\ B a\p-jy-i-co-c-¯n DÛ- _m[n-¡m-sX-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. AsXmcp `mc-am-bn-t¸mepw A\phn¨ ]pcp-j³ ]qÀtÆm-à-amb coXn-bn I­p; Cu Imc- `-hs¸-Sp-¶n-Ã. B kv{Xo Xsâ ico-c¯n h¶p-tNÀ¶ Ww-sIm-­p-Xs¶ ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ \maw "CZ{µ' F¶m-bn- Xsâ ]Xn-bpsS Bß-cq-]-amb Cu KÀ`s¯ Xsâ Hc-h-b¯oÀ¶p. AXm-bXv ""CZw {Z Chs\ Rm³ BZyw I­n-cn- hw-t]m-se-Xs¶ `£-W-km-[-\-§ÄsIm­p ]cn-t]m-jn-¸n¡p-¶p.'' Cu hypXv]-¯n-b-\p-k-cn¨v At±-l-¯nsâ \maw ¡p-Ibpw asä-Ãm-¯-c-¯n-ep-apÅ AXym-hiy \nb-a-]m-e""CZ{µ'' F¶m-bn. C{]-Imcw B ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ \maw \-§ÄsIm­p ]cn-]m-en¨v AXns\ \Ã-Xp- t]mse c£n- ¡p"CZ{µ' F¶p Xs¶-bm-Ip¶p F¶ncp-¶mepw Bfp-IÄ Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. CXns\ ]tcm-£- `m-h-¯n "C{µ' F¶p ]dªp hnfn-¡p3. km `mh-bn{Xo `mh-bn-Xhym `h-Xn. Xw kv{Xo ¶p. F´p-sIm-s­-¶m tZh-K-W-§fpw cl-ky-am-bn-s«KÀ ` w _ n` À ¯ n. tk m{K G h Ipamc w ¶-t]mse Aev]w ]d-bp-hm-\n-jvS-s¸-Sp-¶p. ""]tcm-£-{]nbm P· t\ mt{K[ n` m- h - b - X n. k bX vIp- a mc w Ch ln tZhmx'' Cu A´n-a-hm-Iys¯ ho­pw D¨-cn-¨pP·t\mt{K[n`m- h -b - X ym- ß m- \ -t ah XÛm-h -b sIm­v Cu JWvU-¯nsâ kam-]vXnsb kqNn-¸n-¡p-¶p.

Cu temI-Pohn BZyw ]pcp-j-i-co-c-¯n (]n-Xm-hnsâ ico-c-¯nÂ) hocy-cq-]-t¯m-Sp-IqSn KÀ`-am-Ip-¶p. ]pcp-jsâ ico-c¯n- epÅ Cu hocyw FÃm AwK-§-fnÂ\n¶pw ]pds¸-«p-­mb tXPÊv (km-cw) BWv. Cu ]nXmhv Xsâ kzcq]-`q-X -amb hocy-c q-]-tX-P-Êns\ BZyw kz´w ico-c¯n¯s¶ [cn-¡p-Ibpw ]cn-t]m-jn-¸n-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p¶p. {_Ò-N-cyw-hgn AXns\ hfÀ¯n ]pjvSn-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶p. ]n¶oSv Ah³ AXns\ kv{XobpsS KÀ`m- i- b- ¯n Øm]n¡p-¶p. At¸mÄ AXns\ KÀ`-cq-]-¯n DÛ-hn-¸n-¡p-¶p. AXp amXm-hnsâ ico-c-¯n {]th-in-¡p-¶-Xp-Xs¶ AXnsâ BZy P·-am-Ip-¶p.

tXyjmw temIm\mw kwX- X ym. Ghw kwXXm lota temIm-kvXZky ZznXobw P·. -

ZznXo-bm-² ymbw

kz´w `À¯m-hnsâ Bß-kz-cq-]amb B KÀ`s¯ FÃm hn[- ¯nepw kwc-£n-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p¶ B KÀ`nWn {]Y-a-I mWvU w ho«n-epÅ Bfp-Ifmepw {]tXy-In¨v Ah-fpsS `À¯m-hnkw_Ôw þ {]Y-am-²ym-b-¯n krjvSn- bpsS D¸-¯n- \mepw ]cn-]m-en-¡-s¸-Sp-hm³ tbmKy-bm-bn- ¯o-cp-¶p. AXm{I-a-t¯bpw a\p-jy-i-co- c-¯nsâ al-¯z- t¯bpw ]dªp bXp ho«nepÅh-cp-tSbpw `À¯m-h n-tâbpw ]c-a-amb Ign-ªp. Pohm-ßm-hn\v Cu ico-c-¯n ]c-am-ßm-hns\ IÀ¯-hy-amWv AhÄ¡pÅ `£- W-{I-a-§fpw Pohn-X-kuAdnªp IrX-Ir-Xy-am-bn-¯o-cp-hm³ km[n-¡p-sa- ¶ pÅ I-cy- §fpw sNbvXp-sIm-Sp¯v Ahsf kwc-£n-¡pI F¶pImcyhpw kmt¦-Xn-Iambn ]d-ªn-cn-¡p-¶p. Ct¸mÄ Cu Å-Xv. B KÀ`s¯ {]k-hn-¡p-¶-Xp-hsc kv{Xo (am-Xm-hv) ico-c¯nsâ A\n-Xy-Xsb ImWn¨v sshcmKyw D­m-Ip- Xsâ ico-c-¯n hln-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. ]ns¶ P\n-¨¶-Xn-\p-th­n Cu A²ym-b-¯n a\p-jy-i-co-c-¯nsâ Xn-\p-tijw þ P\n-¨m-ep-S³Xs¶ AXnsâ ]nXmhp PmXD¸-¯nsb hÀ®n-¡p¶p þ

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I IÀ½mZn NS-§p-Ifmepw aäp \m\m {]Im-c-¯n-epÅ D]-Nm-

kw_-Ôw-þ-C-{]-Imcw IqS-¡qsS P\n-¡p-Ibpw acn-¡pc-§ÄsIm­pw B Ipam-cs\ AZyp-Zb ioe-\m-¡p-Ibpw Ibpw sN¿p-¶Xv Hcp `b-¦-c-amb bmX-\bm-Ip-¶p. Cu P\\w apX Ah³ kÀÆYm tbmKy- \m-bn- ¯o-cp- ¶- Xp-hsc Pohn Cu cl-kys¯ {Kln¨v Cu ico-ccq-]-am-Ip¶ FÃm-{]-Im-c-¯n-ep-apÅ ]cn-]m-e-\-§fpw \m\m-hn-[-¯n-ep- IqSns\ XIÀ¯v CXnÂ\n¶p XnI¨pw thÀs]-Sp- ¶-Xp- hsc apÅ hnZy-Ifpw {]Zm-\w-sNbvXv FÃm {]Im-c-¯nepw D¶- B P·-bm-X-\bv¡p arXy-cq-]-am-b-bnÂ\n¶pw Hcn-¡epw X-\m-¡n-¯oÀ¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. Ip«n-bpsS P\-\m\´cw tamN-\-ap-­m-Ip-¶n-Ã. Cu Bibw ASp¯ c­p a{´-§B ]nXm-h,v Ah³ Ign-hp-Å-h-\m-bn-¯o-cp-¶-Xn-\p-th­n fn hma-tZ-h-a-lÀjn-bpsS ZrjvSm-´-¯n¡qSn a\-Ên-emAh\p hnZym-`ym-khpw kwc-£-Whpw \ÂIn tbmKy-\m- ¡-s¸-Sp-¶p. ¡n-¯ oÀ¡p¶p; F´p-sIm-s­-¶m C{]-Im-cw-X s¶ 5. XZp-à-ar-jn-Wm-þ-KÀt` \pk-¶-t\z-jm-a-th-Z-alw Hmtcm-cp-¯-c nÂ\n¶pw DÛ-h n¨v Ch-s bÃmw a\p-jytZhm\mw P\n-am\n hnizm. iXw am ]pc Bb-kohÀ¤s¯ hnkvXoÀ®-am-¡n-¯oÀ¡p-¶p. Hcp Poh³ _mec-c -£ -¶ [x tiyt\m Phkm \nc-Zo-b -an-X n. KÀ` I-cq-]-¯n KÀ`-¯n \n¶pw shfn-bn-tebv¡p hcp-¶Xv GsshX Ñbmt\m hmta-Zh Gh-ap-]m-N. Ahsâ c­m-as¯ P·-am-Ip-¶p. ap³]-dª \mep a{´- §-fnepw hnh-cn-¨n- cn-¡p¶ ImcyCu hnh-c -W-¯nÂIqSn ]nXm-hn\pw ]p{X- \p-apÅ §-fpsS clkyw ChnsS Ejn-Zzmcm ]d-bs¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶p. IÀ¯-hy-¯nsâ in£Ww \ÂI-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶p. amXm-]nKÀ`m-h-Ø-bn¯s¶ AXm-bXp KÀ`w shfn-bn hcpXm-¡-tfmSp ]p{X- ·mÀ¡v `mcn¨ Npa- X-e- IÄ Ds­¶v AhÀ ¶-Xn\p ap¼m-bn-¯s¶ hma-tZ-h-a-lÀjn¡p bYmÀ°a\-Ên-em-¡-Ww. AXn-\m AhÀ F{X-am{Xw tkh\w Úm\w e`n-¨n-cp-¶p. AXn-\m At±lw amXm-hnsâ DZ-cA\p-jvTn-¨mepw Ah XnI¨pw Aev]w-am-{Xta BIp-¶p-Åq. ¯n InS-¶p- sIm- ­p- Xs¶ ]dªp þ ""Atlm alm-`m- Kyw, AXp- t]mse ]nXmhpw Nn´n-t¡-­-Xp­v; Rm\n- h\p hfsc KÀ`-¯n hkn-¨p-sIm-­p-Xs¶ Rm³ Cu A´x-Ic-WD]-Im-c-§-sfms¡ sNbvXn-cn-¡p¶p Fs¶m¶pw Al-¦-cn§-fp-tSbpw C{µn-b -§-fp-tSbpw tZh-X-If psS At\I ¡p-hm³ ]mSnÃ; adn¨v Rm³ Fs¶-¯s¶ A`n-hr-²n-s¸P·§- fn-embn kw`-hn-¨n-«pÅ cl-ky-§sf \Ã-Xp-t]mse Sp¯n kz´w IÀ¯-hys¯ ]men-¨n-cn-¡p¶p F¶v ]nXm{Kln-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. AXv Fs´m-cm-Ý-cy-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. AXm¡Ä Nn´n-¡-Ww. bXv P\\w apX-em-bh hmkvX-h-¯n Cu A´x-Ic-W4. tkmkymb- a mßm ]ptWy`yx {]Xn- [ o- b - tX. ¯n-tâbpw C{µn-b§-fp-tSbpw am{X-am-Wv, Bßm-hnsâ AYm-kym-b-an-Xc Bßm IrX-IrtXym htbm-KXx Aà F¶ Imcyw Rm³ XnI¨pw {Kln-¨p-I-gn-ªn-cn-¡pss{]Xn. k CXx {]b-t¶h ]p\ÀPm-btX XZky ¶p. Cu clkyw {Kln-¡p-¶-Xn\p ap¼v At\Iw temlk-am-\-I-tTm-c-§-fmb ico-c-]-RP-c-§-fn F\n¡v _Ôv XrXobw P·. \-a \p`hn-t¡-­ -X mbn h¶n-«p- ­ v. Ah-b n \n¶pw ap³]-dª {]Imcw ]nXm-hn-sâ-Xs¶ Bß-cq-]-amb tamN\w t\Sp-¶Xv Fs¶ kw_-Ôn-¨n-S-t¯mfw Akm-[y]p{X³ Imcy§Ä \S- ¯p-¶-Xn\v tbmKy-\m-bn- ¯o- cpt¼mÄ am-sW¶p Hcp ZrV-hn-izm-khpw F\n-¡p-­m-bn-cp-¶p. B ]nXmhv Ahs\ Xsâ {]Xn-\n-[n-bm-¡p-¶p. Aán-tlmCt¸mÄ Rm³ Igp-I-s\-t¸mse Úm\-cq-]-am-Ip¶ iàn{Xw, tZh-]q-P, AXn-Yn-tkh apX-embn sshZn-Ihpw euIntb-d nb thK-t¯m-Sp-IqSn Ah-sbÃmw XIÀ¯v AhI-hp-amb F{X- am{Xw ip`-IÀ½-§-fpt­m Ah-sb-Ãm-¯nbnÂ\n¶pw thdn-«p-I-gn-ªn-cn-¡p-¶p. B ico-ccq-]-§-fmsâbpw `mcw ]p{Xs\ G¸n-¡p-¶p. Krl-Øsâ FÃm Ip¶ ]RvP-c-§-fp-ambn F\n¡p bmsXmcp kw_-Ôhpw D¯-c-hm-Zn-Xz-§fpw ]p{X-\n Npa¯n IrX-Ir-Xy-\m- bn-¯oAh-ti-jn-¡p-¶n- Ã. Rm³ F¶-t¶-bv¡p-ambn B ico-ccp-¶p. AXm-bXv Xs¶-¯s¶ ]nXr-_m-²y-X-bnÂ\n¶pw §-f psS Al-¦m-c-¯nÂ\n¶pw apà-\m-b n-¡-g n-ªn-cnapà-\m-bn-¯oÀ¡p-¶p. AXn-\p-tijw Cu ico-c-¯nsâ ¡p-¶p. BbpÊv ]qÀ®-am-Ip-¶ -tXm-Sp-IqSn AbmÄ (]n-Xm-h v) AXns\ Dt]-£n-¨n«v ChnsS \n¶pw bm{X ]d-bp-¶p. 6. k Ghw hnZzm-\-kvam-Ñco-c-t`-Zm-ZqÀ[z DXv{I-aymAt¸mÄ ChnsS \n¶pw t]mbn aäp-tem-I¯n IÀ½m-\p- ap-jva n³ kzÀtK temtI kÀÆm³Im-a m-\ m-]vX zmk-cWw FhnsS GXp-tbm-\n-bn P\n-¡p-¶pthm AXv arXx ka-`m-hXv ka-`h-Xv. Ahsâ aq¶m-as¯ P·-am-Ip-¶p. C§s\ Cu P·- P-·mC{]-Imcw P·-P-·m-´-c-§-fm-bpÅ XXz-§sf Adn´- c-¯nsâ ]c-¼c XpSÀ¶p-sIm-t­-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. ªn«p AXm-bXv Poh³ Cu ico-ct¯m-Sp-IqSn H¶mbn P\-\a-c-W-§-fpsS alm-I-jS-XIsf Nn´n¨v AXn hkn-¡p-Ibpw ico-cs¯-¯s¶ Xsâ kzcq-]-sa¶p Icpv \n¶pw tamN\w t\Sp-¶-Xn\p Pohm-ßmhv a\pjyico-c-¯n- Xp-Ibpw sN¿p-¶-Xp-hsc Ch\p P\-\-a-c-W-§-fn \n¶pw en-cp¶p {]hÀ¯n-¡m-Xn-cn-¡p-¶-Xp-hsc Cu ]c-¼c XI-cp- tamN\w e`n-¡p-t¶- bn-Ã. Ch\v IqsS-¡qsS \m\m-tbm-\n¶n-Ã. AXn- \m CXn- \p- th­n a\p-jyÀ Ahiyw {]hÀ¯n- I-fn P·w FSp- ¯n«v \m\m-hn- [- ¯n- epÅ IjvS-X- IÄ A\p¡-Ww. CXp-Xs¶ Cu {]I-c-W-¯nsâ Dt±iw F¶p `-hn-t¡-­-Xm-bn-h-cp¶p þ Cu cl-kys¯ {Kln-¨n-«pÅ t_m²y-am-Ip- ¶p.

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I Úm\n-bmb hma-tZ-h-a-lÀjn KÀ`-¯nÂ\n¶pw shfn-

Xs¶ BZyw ]d-ª-Xmb a\-Ê.v kay-¡mbn FÃmw {Klnbn h¶v Ah-km\w ico-c-\miw kw`-hn-¨-t¸mÄ temI- ¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ ImgvN-bnÂ\n¶p hcp-¶p. iàn AXm-bXv ¯n \n¶pw apIfnte-bv¡p-I-bcp-Ibpw AXp-t]mse aäp-Å-hsc BPvRm-Zzmcm `cn-¡p- ¶- Xn-\pÅ iàn, ]ZmÀ°DuÀ[z-K-Xn-Zzmcm `K-hmsâ ]c-a-[m-a- ¯n F¯n Ahn-Ssb §sf {]tXyIw hnth-Nn-¨dn-bp-¶-Xn-\pÅ iàn, ImWpFÃm A`n-em-j-§fpw {]m]n¨v AXm-bXv kÀÆYm B]vX- Ibpw tIÄ¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶-hsb a\-kvkn-em-¡p-¶-XnIm-a-\m-bn«v Aa-c-\m-bn-¯o-cp-Ibpw sNbvXp. A§s\ P\- \pÅ iàn, A\p-`-h-§sf [cn-¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ iàn, ZÀi\-a-c-W-N-{I-¯nÂ\n¶pw \nXy-ambn tamN\w {]m]n-¨p. "ka- \-i-àn, ss[cyw AXm- bXv hyXn-N-en-¡m-Xn- cn-¡p- ¶-Xn- \pÅ `-hXv' F¶ ]Zs¯ BhÀ¯n-¨p-sIm­v ChnsS A²ym-b- iàn, _p²n AXm-bXv \nÝ-bn-¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ iàn, a\¯nsâ kam-]Xnsb kqNn-¸n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. v \w-sN-¿p-¶-Xn-\pÅ iàn, thKw-þ-£- W-t\- cw-sIm­v FhnsS-bp-sa-¯p-¶-Xn-\pÅ iàn, kvac-W-i-àn, k¦-ev]iàn, at\m-c-Y-i-àn, {]mWi-àn, A`nemji-àn, {ko klXrXo-b m-²ymbw hmkw apX-emb A`n-em-j-§ÄþC-{]-Im-c-apÅ Cu iànI-sfÃmw B kzÑ-Ú m-\-kz-cq- ]-\mb ]c-am-Xvam- hnsâ \ma{]Y-a-J Wv Uw §-f m- I p- ¶ p. AXm-b Xv At±- l -¯ nsâ k¯- b psS 1. tImbam- tßXn hb-ap-] m- k va -t l. IXcx k t_m[s¯ kv]jvS-am-¡p¶ e£-W-§-em-Ip-¶p. ChBßm. tb\ hm ]iyXn tb\ hm irtWmXn tb\ sbÃmw I­n«v Ch-bpsS cNn-Xmhpw k©m-e-I\pw c£hm KÔm-\mPn{LXn tb\ hm hmNw hymIp-tcmXn \p-ambhsâ kÀÆ-hym-]-I-amb k¯-bpsS PvRm\w D­mtb\ hm kzmZp NmkzmZp N hnPm-\m-Xn. Ip-¶p. Cu D]-\n-j¯nsâ H¶pw c­pw A²ym-b-§-fn-embn c­m-ßm-¡-fpsS hÀ®-\w-h¶p þ H¶v ]c-am-ßm-h,v FÃm¯n-t\bpw krjvSn-¡p-Ibpw kPoh ]pcp-js\ {]Xy-£am¡n AXn\p kl-tbmKw \evIp-¶-Xn\p kzbw AXn {]th-in-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p¶ ]c-am-ßm-h.v c­v Pohm-ßm-h.v bmsXm-¶ns\ kPo-h-]p-cp-j-cq-]¯n ]c-am-ßmhv {]I-Sam-¡p-Ibpw P·-P-·m-´-c§fpsS ]c-¼-c-bn KÀ`-¯n XpS-§n-a-cWw hsc D­m-bn- cn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p¶ Pohm-ßmhv. Ch-cn D]m-kn-¡-s¸-tS­ tZh³ Bcv? AXv F§-s\bp-Å-XmWv? AXns\ F§s\ Xncn-¨-dn-bp¶p? Cu Imcy§sf \nÀ®-bn-¡p-¶-Xn\v Cu A²ymbw {]tbm-P-\-s¸-Sp¯p¶p. B D]m-ky-tZ-h-\mb ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ XXzs¯ {Kln-¡p-¶-Xn-\p-Õp-I-cmb Ipd-¨m-fp-IÄ ]c-kv]cw Nn´n¡p-hm³ XpS-§n. ""bmsXm-¶ns\ \mw D]m-kn-¡p-¶pthm AXm-bXv bmsXm-¶ns\ D]m-kn-¨n«v AXns\ \mw {]m]n-¡Wtam B Bßmhv Bcv? c­m-as¯ hm¡n bmsXm¶nsâ kl-tbmKw sIm­v a\p-jyÀ t\{X-Zzmcm kakvX Zriy-§-tfbpw ImWp-¶pthm bmsXm-¶n-\m IÀ®-§Ä tIÄ¡-s¸-Sp- ¶pthm bmsXm- ¶n-\m {LmtW{µnbw \m\mhn- [-¯n- epÅ KÔ§sf {LmWn-¨-dn- bp-¶pthm bmsXm- ¶n\m ck-t\- {µnbw kzmZp-ÅtXm CÃm- ¯tXm F¶p hkvXp¡sf {]tXyIw {]tXyIw Xncn-¨dn-bp-¶pthm AXv ap³]dª c­v Bßm-¡-fn GXmWv?

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3. Gj {_ssÒj C{µ Gj {]Pm- ] - X n-t ctX kÀth-tZhm Cam\n N ]©-a-lm-`q-Xm\n ]rYn ho hmbp-cm-Imi Bt]m tPymXowjotXy-Xm-\o-am\n N £p{Z- a n- { im- W o- h - _ o- P m- \ o- X - c mWn tNX- c mWn NmÞ-Pm\n N Pmcp-Pm\n N tkzZ-Pm\n tNmZv`nÖ\n Nmizm Kmhx ]pcpjm lkvXnt\m bXvInwtNZw {]mWn PwKaw N ]X{Xn N b¨p-Øm-hcw kÀhw XXv{]-PvRm-t\{Xw {]PvRmt\ {]Xn-jvTnXw {] PvR m- t \ - t {X m- t e mIx {] PvR m- { ] - X nj vTm {]Úm\w {_Ò.
C{]-Imcw Btem-Nn-¨n«v At±lw AJn-e-t¯bpw krjvSn¨v FÃm {]Im-c-¯n-epÅ iàn {]Zm-\w-sNbvXv Ahsb kwc-£n-¡p¶ kzÑ-PRm-\- kz-cq-]-\mb ]c- am-Xvamv hp-Xs¶ D]m-ky-tZ-h-s\¶p Xocp-am-\n¨p. Ct±-lw-Xs¶ {_lm-amhpw BZys¯ A²ym-b-¯n hÀ®n-¨n-«pÅ C{µ\pw BIp- ¶ p. Ct±- l w- X s¶ FÃm- ¯ n- tâbpw krjvSnbpw ]me-\hpw-\-S-¯p-¶-h\pw kIe {]P-IfptSbpw kzman-bp-amb {]Pm-]-Xn-bm-Ip-¶p. FÃm C{µm-Zn-tZh-Ifp-tSbpw ]rYn, BIm-iw, hmbp, Pew, tXPÊv Cu cq]-§ -e n {]I-S-am-bn-c n-¡ p-¶p. ]©-a-l m-`q-X -§ fpw sNdnb sNdnb _oP-cq-]-§-fn ØnX-am-bn-cn-¡p¶ FÃm PohnIfpw AXp-t]mse Ah-bn \n¶pw `n¶-§-fmbn aäpÅ-hbpw AXm-bXv AÞ-§-fn \n¶p-­m-Ip-¶Xpw `qan ]nfÀ¶p-­m-Ip-¶Xpw adp-]n-Ån-bn \n¶p-­m-Ip-¶ Xpw hnbÀ¸n Â\n¶p-­m-Ip-¶Xpw AXm-bXp a\p-jy-i-co-c¯nse Agp-¡nÂ\n-¶p-­m-Ip-¶Xpw IpXn-c, B\, ]ip, a\p-jy³ Ch-sb-Ãmw-Iq-Snb PK¯pw ]d¶p \S-¡p-¶Xpw Ønc-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶Xpamb Poh-k-ap-Zm-b-§-fpwþ Cu FÃm {]mWn-Ifpw {]PvRm-\-kz-cq-]\mb ]c-Xvam-hnÂ\n¶pw iàn- {]m-]n¨v Xm´m-§- fpsS {]hr-¯n-I-fn kaÀ°- cmbn

2. btZ-X-²r-Zbw a\-ssÝ-X-X.v kwÚm-\-am-Úm\w hnÚm\w {]Úm-\w ta[m ZrjvSnÀ[r-XnÀa-XnÀa\ojm PqXnx kvarXnx k¦ev]x {IXp-ckpx Imtam hi CXn kÀhm-tWy-ssh-Xm\n {]Úm-\ky \mat[-bm\n `h-´n.
C{]-Im-c-apÅ hnNm-c-§sf Ah-X-cn-¸n-¨n«v At±lw Btem-Nn-¨p-þCu lrZbw AXm-bXv A´xIcWw CXp-

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I hÀ¯n-¡p-Ibpw B {]PvRm-kz-cq] ]c-am-ßm-hn ØnX-

Sp-IqSn k¼qÀ®hpw Znhyhpw Aeu-In-Ihpw Bb t`mKam-bn-c n-¡p-I bpw sN¿p-¶ p. Cu AJne {_ÒmÞw cq-]-am-Ip¶ ]c-am-\-µs¯ {]m]n-¨n«v Aa-c-\m-bn¯ocp¶px {]PvRm-\-i-àn-bp-à-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. CXnsâ ØnXn-bpsS AXmbXv \nXy-ambn P\\ ac-W-§-fnÂ\n¶pw tamNn-¡B[mcw {]PvRm-\-kz- cq-]-\mb ]c-am- Xvam-hp- X-s¶-bm- Ip-¶p. s¸-Sp-¶p. "ka-`-hXv' (Bbn-¯oÀ¶p) Cu ]Z-¯nsâ ]p\AXn-\m bmsXmcp-¯³ t\cs¯ C{µs\¶pw {]Pm-]- cpàn D]-\n-j-¯nsâ kam-]vX nsb kqNn-¸n-¡p-¶-Xn-\pXn-sb-¶papÅ \ma-¯m ]d-bs¸-«pthm bmsXm-cp-¯³ th­n {]tbm-Kn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. FÃm-¯n-tâbpw cN-\bpw c£bpw \ÂIp-Ibpw FÃm¯n\pw FÃm-hn-[-¯n-ep-apÅ iàn {]Zm\w sN¿p¶ {]PvRm\ kzcq-]-\mb ]c-am-Xvam-hm-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm At±- im´n-] mTw lw-Xs¶ \½psS D]m-ky-tZ-h-\m-bn-cn-¡p¶ {_Òw B Hmw hmMvta a\kn {]Xn-jvTn-Xm. at\m ta hmNn Ip-¶p. {] X n- j vTn- X - a m- h n- c - h oÀ a. G [ n. thZk y a

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4. k GtX\ {]PvtR-\m-Xva-\m-kvam-tÃm-Im-Zp-Xm{I aymap-jvan³kzÀtK temtI kÀhm³ Ima-\m-]vXzmarXx ka-`-h-Õ-a-` -h-Xv.

bmsXm-cp-¯³ C{]-Imcw {]PvRm-\-kz-cq-]-\mb ]c-taiz- cs\ Adn-bp-¶pthm Ah³ Cu temI- ¯nÂ\n¶pw apI- Hmw im´nx ! im´nx !! im´nx !!! fn-te-bv¡p-bÀ¶v AXm-bXv ico-cs¯ XyPn¨v ]c-am-\-µ-aCXnsâ AÀ°w Cu D]-\n-j-¯nsâ Bcw-`-¯n b-amb ]c-a-[m-a-¯n {]PvRm\ kzcq-]-\mb {_lva-t¯m- sImSp-¯n-«p-­v.

BWoØx {ipXw ta am {]lm-kox. At\-\m-[otX- \ m- tlm- c m- {Xm³ kwZ [man- E Xw hZn-j ym- an. kXyw hZn- j yman X·m- a - h - X p. XZz- à m- c - a - h Xp AhXp ama-hXp hàm-c-a-hXp hàm-cw.

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1

{]ivt\m-]-\n-j¯v

3

{]ivt\m-]-\n-j¯v AYÀÆ-th-Z-¯n ]n¸-emZ imJbpsS {_mÒW `mK-¯nÂ\n-¶p-Å-Xm-Wv. Cu D]-\n-j¯n ]n¸-emZ alÀjn kptI-im-Zn-I-fmb Bdp alÀjnam-cpsS Bdp tNmZy-§Ä¡v {Ia-{]-Imcw D¯cw ]d-bp-¶p. AXn-\m CXnsâ t]cv {]ivt\m-]-\n-j¯v F¶m-bn¯oÀ¶p.

kzkvXn\ \ Ct{µm hr²-{ihmx kzkvX n \x ]pjm hniz-thZm: kzkvXn \ kvXmÀt£ym Acn-jvS-t\an: kzkvXn t\m _rl-kv]XnÀZ-[m-Xp. Hmw im´nx im´nx im´nx
Kpcp-Ip-e-§-fn A²y-b\w sN¿p¶ injy-·mÀ X§fpsS Kpcp-hn\pw kl-]m-Tn-IÄ¡pw XYm am\-h-k-aq-l¯n\pw awKfw D­m-Ip-¶-Xn\mbn tZh-X-I-tfmSp {]mÀ°n¡p-¶p. ""tl tZh-·m-tc, R§Ä R§-fpsS ImXp-I-fn ip`aw-K-f-I-c-§-fmb hN-\§Ä am{Xw tIÄ¡-s«. \nµ, Bt£- ]w, Ak`yw AXp-t]mse aäpÅ ]m]- P-\n-X-§-fmb Imcy-§Ä Ch R§-fpsS ImXp-I-fn ]Xn-¡m-Xn-cn-¡-s«.

im´n-] mTw
Hmw `{Zw IÀt®`nx irWp-bma tZhm `{Zw ]tiytam£ `ncy-P{Xm:
Ønssc cMvssK-kvXpjvSp hmwk-kvX-\q-`nÀ hytia tZh-lnXw bZmbp:

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I R§-fpsS kz´w PohnXw `P-\]m-cm-b-Wm-Zn-I-fm kZm `K-hmsâ Bcm-[-\-I-fn hym]r-X-am-bn-cn-¡-s«. IÀ®-§fn¡qSn {ihn-¡p-I-am{Xw sN¿msX t\{X§Ä sIm­pw R§Ä kZm awK- fs¯ ZÀin-¡-s«. GsX-¦nepw Aaw-K-fIm-cntbm AYhm \mi-¯n- tebv¡p \o§n-s¡m-­n-cn-¡p¶tXm Bb ImgvNIsf R§-fpsS ZrjvSn BIÀjn-¡mXn-cn- ¡-s«. R§-fpsS ico-cw, Hmtcm Ah-b- h-hpw, `K-hms\ kvXpXn-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶-Xn\p kpZr-Vhpw kp]p-jS-hp-amv bn-¯o-c-s«. R§-fpsS BbqÊv t`mK-hn-em-k-§-fn apgpIn-¡-gn-bm-Xn-cn-¡s«; `K-hm\p {]tbm-P-\-s¸-Sp¶ hn[-¯nepÅ BbpÊv R§Ä¡p e`n-¡-s«. (tZ-h-IÄ R§-fpsS Hmtcm C{µn-b-§-fnepw A[n-h-kn¨v Ahsb kwc-£n-¡pIbpw {]hÀ¯n- ¸n-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. AhÀ¡-\p-Iq-e-ambn-cn-¡p-¶-Xp-sIm­v R§-fpsS C{µn-b-§Ä kpK-a-ambn k·mÀ¤- ¯n XpSÀ¶p-sIm- ­n- cn-¡p-¶p. AXp-sIm­v AhtcmSpw {]mÀ°n-¡p-¶Xv DNn-X-am-Ip-¶p) FÃm Zn¡p-I-fnepw kpb-itÊm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bhcmb tZh-cm-P³ C{µ³, kÀÆ-Ú- \mb ]qjm-h,v Acn- jS- \n-hm-c-I- \mb XmÀ£y³ (K- cp-U³), v _p²n-bpsS kzman-bmb _rl-k]Xn þ Ct±lw FÃm tZhv ·m-cp-tSbpw hn`q-Xn-bm-Ip¶p þ ChÀ kZm R§-fpsS awKfs¯ ]cnt]mjn¸n-¡-s«. Ch-cpsS Ir]-bm R§-tfmsSm-¯pÅ FÃm Pohn-IÄ¡pw awKfw D­m-bn-s¡m-­n-cn¡-s«. B²ym-ßn-Ihpw B[n-ssZ- hn-Ihpw B[n `uXn-Ihpw Bb FÃm Xm]-§Ä¡pw im´n-bp-­m-Is«!

2. Xm³l k Ejn-cp-hmN `qb Gh X]km {_Ò NtcyW {i²bm kwh-Õ cw kwh-Õ yY bYmImaw {] i v\ m³ ] r - Ñ X bZn hnÚ m- k ymax kÀhwl thmh-£yma CXn.

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ta¸-d ª Bdp alÀjn-amcpw ]c-{_-Ò-] -c-amb PnÚm- k- bm Xsâ-b-Sp-¡Â h¶Xp I­n«v alÀjn ]n¸em-Z³ Ah-tcmSp ]dªp þ \n§Ä X]-kzn-Ifm-W-tÃm. \n§Ä {_Ò-N-cys¯ ]men-¨p-sIm­p kmwtKm-]mw- K-thZhpw ]Tn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. F¶n-cp-¶mepw Fsâ B{i-a-¯n hkn-¨p- sIm­v ho­pw Hcp kwh-Õ-c-¡mew {i²m-]qÀÆw {_Ò-N-cys¯ A\p-jvTn-¨p-sIm­v X]-Ý-cy-bn Ign-bphn³. AXn-\p-tijw \n§Ä F´m-{K-ln-¡p-¶pthm AXv Ft¶mSp tNmZn-¨p-sIm-Åp-I. \n§Ä tNmZn-¡p¶ tNmZy§Ä F\n-¡-dn-hp-ÅXm-sW-¦n \nÊ-tµlw \n§Ä¡v FÃm-¡m-cy-§fpw \¶mbn a\-Ên-em-I-¯-¡-hn[w ]d-ªpX-cmw. kw_Ôw þ alÀjn-bpsS BÚ-{]-Imcw FÃm-hcpw {i², {_Ò-N-cyw, X]ky Chsb hn[n-]qÀÆw \nÀÆ-ln¨p-sIm­v Hcp kwh-Õcw AhnsS hkn-¨p.

3. AY I_Ôo ImXym-b\ Dt]Xy ]{]Ñ `K-h³ ItXm l hm Camx {]Pmx {]Pm-b´ CXn.
]n¸-em-Za-lÀjn-bpsS BÚ-{]-Imcw AhÀ {i²m]qÀÆw {_Ò-Ncyw ]men-¨p-sIm­v AhsS X]-Ýcy A\pjvTn-¡p-hm³ XpS-§n. alÀjn-bpsS kwc-£- W-bn kwba- t¯m-Sp-IqSn Pohn¨v Hcp hÀjw hsc AhÀ XymK- a-b-ambn PohnXw Ign-¨p. AXn-\p-tijw Ah-scÃmw ho­pw ]n¸emZ alÀjn-bpsS kao]w sN¶p. Ah- cn kÀÆ- {]-Y- a\pw IXy-a-lÀjn-bpsS {]]u-{X-\p-amb I_Ôn `àn-tbmSpw hn\-b- t¯m- Spw- IqSn tNmZn-¨p. ""`K- h³, bmsXm-¶n \n¶pw Cu k¼qÀ®-N-cm-N-c-Po-hnIÄ \m\m-cq-]§-fn Dev]-¶am-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm bmsXm¶v CXnsâ kp\n-Ýn-X-amb ]ca-Im-c-W-am-Ip-¶pthm AXv F´m-Ip¶p?

{]Y-a -{]iv \ w
1. Hmw kptIim N `mc-ZzmPx ssihyÝx kXy-Imax kucym-bWo N KmÀKyx Iuk-e y-Ým-iz-em-bt\m `mÀ¤thm sshZÀ`nx I_Ôo ImXym- b -\ kv tX ssltX {_Ò-]cm {_Ò-\njvTmx ]cw {_Òm-t\zjamWm Gj l ssh XÕÀÆw h£y-Xo-XntX l kan-Xv]m-Wtbm `K-h´w ]n¸-em-Z-ap-]-k¶mx
HmwIm-c -kz-cq-]-amb k¨n-Zm-\-\vL-\-]-c-am-ß m-hnsâ kvac-W-tbm-Sp-IqSn D]-\n-j¯v Bcw-`n-¡p-¶p. `c-Zzm-Psâ ]p{X³ kptI-im, in_n-Ip-am-c³ kXy-Im-a³, KÀ¤-tKm-{X¯n ]nd¶ kucym-b-Wn, tImk-e-tZi \nhm-kn-bmb Biz-em-b-\³, hnZÀ`-tZ-is¯ `mÀ¤-h³, IXysâ {]]u{X³ I_Ôn ChÀ {]kn-²-·m-cm-Ip-¶p. ChÀ thZm-`ym-k]-cm-b-Wcpw {_Ò-\njvT ({i-Z-[m-]qÀÆw thZm-\p-Iq-e-amb BN-c-Ww) \S-¯p-¶-hcpw Bbn-cp-¶p. Hcn-¡Â Cu Bdp alÀjn-amcpw ]c-{_-Ò-]ctaiz-c-hn-j-b-Iamb PnÚm-kbm H¶n-¨p-]p-d-s¸-«p. ]n¸-emZ alÀjn¡v Cu hnjbw \¶m-bn-«-dn-bm-sa¶v AhÀ tI«n- cp- ¶p. AXn-\m "{_Òs¯ kw_-Ôn¨v \mw Adn-bp-hm-\m-{K-ln-¡p-¶-sXÃmw At±lw \ap¡p ]d-ªp-Xcpw' F¶p hnNm-cn¨v AhÀ PnÚm-kp¡-fpsS thj-¯ne ssIbn kan¯pw FSp¯p ]n¸-emZ-a-lÀjn-bpsS ASp-¡Â sN¶p.

4. Xkvssa k tlmhmN {]Pm-Imtam ssh {]Pm] Xnx k Xt]mX]yX k X]-kvX]vXzm k anYp-\apXv ]mZ-b-tX. cbnw N {]mWw tNtXyXu ta _lp[m-{]Pmx Icn-jyX CXn.
I_-Ôn- a-lÀjn- bpsS Cu tNmZyw {ihn¨v alÀjn ]n¸em-Z³ ]dªp þ tl ImXym-b-\, AJne Pohn-I-fp-tSbpw kzman-bmb ]c-ta-iz-c\v krjvSn-bpsS Bcw- `-¯n {]Psb Dev]m-Zn-¸n-¡p-hm³ CÑ-bp-­m-b-t¸mÄ At±lw k¦ev] cq]-amb X]-Ê-\p-jvTn-¨p. Cu kwKXn thZ-§-fn {]kn²-am-WtÃm! X]-ÊnÂ\n¶pw At±lw kÀÆ-{]-Y-a-ambn cbnbpw {]mW-\pw, Ch c­n-t\-bpw, Hcp tPmUn-bmbn krjvSn-¨p. AXns\ krjvSn-¨-Xnsâ Dt±iw Ch c­pwIqSnt¨À¶v F\n-¡ p-th­n \m\m-{]-Im-c -§ -fn-ep-apÅ

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177

I krjvSn-Isf Dev]m-Zn-¸n-¡p-¶-Xn-\m-bn-cp-¶p. Cu a{´-¯nÂ

kqcy-In-c-W-§-fp-ambn _Ô-s¸-«n«v Ahbv¡p \ho-\-amb FÃm-¯n\pw Poh³ {]Zm\w sN¿p-¶Xv GsXmcp ka-jSn- kv^pÀ¯n e`y-am-Ip-¶p. AXp-t]mse Xs¶ GsXÃmw kav Po-h- \-i-àn-bm- Ip- ¶pthm AXns\ ""{]mW³'' F¶ t]cn b-§-fn Fhn-sS-hn-sS-sbÃmw kqcy³ Xsâ {]Imiw ]chnfn-¡p- ¶p. Cu Poh-\-i- àn-bnÂ\n-¶p-Xs¶ {]Ir-Xn-bpsS ¯p-¶pthm Ahn-S-hn-sS-bpÅ Pohn-IÄ¡v kv^pÀ¯n Øqe-kz-c q-]-¯n kakvX hkvX p-¡-fnepw Poh³, \ÂIn-s ¡m-t­-b n-c n-¡ p-¶ p. AXn-\ m kqcy³ Cu ØnXn Ch-bpsS bYm-tbm-Ky-am-bpÅ kma-RvPkyw kw`- kakvX PK-¯n- tâbpw {]mW-\mIp¶p. hn-¡p- I- bm Øqe-`qX kap-Zm- b- ¯nsâ \maw "cbn' F¶p 7. k Gj sshizm-\tcm hniz-cq]x {]mtWmáncphnfn-¡-s¸-«p. AXp {]mW-cq-]-amb Poh-\-i-àn-bm A\pZ-b-tX. XtZ-X-Zr-Nm-`yp-àw. {]m-Wn- X-ambn Imcy£a- am-Ip-¶p. {]mW³ tNX-\-bm-Ip- ¶p. Pohn-I-fpsS ico-c¯n ØnXn-sN-¿p¶ sshizm-\-ccbn iàn-bpw BIr-Xnbpw BIp-¶p. {]mW-tâbpw cbnP-T- cm-án-bm `£Ww Zln-¡p-¶p. AXv kqcysâ Xs¶ bp-tSbpw kwtbm-K-¯n \n¶p Xs¶ krjvSn-bpsS kakvX-Im-cy-§fpw ]qÀ¯n-bm-¡-s¸-Sp-¶p. Ch-Xs¶ A\y{X Awi-am-Ip¶p; AXn-\m kqcy³ Xs¶-bm-Ip-¶p. AXpt]mse {]mW³, A]m-\³, kam-\³, hym\³, DZm- \³ Cu Aánbpw tkma\pw F¶-t]-cn ]d-b-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶p. A©p-cq-]-§-fnepw {]mW³ hn`-à-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. AXpw 5. BZntXym l ssh {]mtWm cbn-tch B DZ-b-kq-cysâ Awi-am-Wv. AXn-\m kqcy³ Xs¶ N{µam cbnÀ BIp¶p Cu Imcyw Xs¶ ASp¯ EIvhmcm hyà-am-¡s¸-Sp-¶p. hm GXXv kÀÆw b·qÀ¯w NmaqÀ¯w

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N Xkvam-·qÀ¯n-tch cbnx
Cu a{´-¯ n {]mW-tâbpw cbn-b p-tSbpw kzcq]s¯ hnh-cn-¡p-¶p. ]n¸-em-Z³ ]dªp þ Cu ImW-s¸Sp¶ k¼qÀ®-P-K¯v {]mW\pw cbnbpw F¶o c­p-X-Xz§-fp-tSbpw kwtbm-K-¯n \nt¶m k½n-{i-W-¯n \nt¶m D­m-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. AXn-\m Chsb {]tXyIw {]tXyIw FSp-¯p-]-d-bp-hm³ km[y-a-Ã. F¶n-cp-¶mepw \mw {]Xy-£-am-bn-¡m-Wp¶ Cu kqcy³Xs¶ {]mW-\mIp-¶p. F¶m CXn¯s¶ AJn-e-¯n\pw Poh³ {]Zm\w sN¿p¶ tNX-\m-i-àn-bpsS {][m-\-Xbpw A[n-IXbpw ØnXn-sN-¿p-¶p. Cu kqcy³ B kq£va-Po-h\-iàn- bpsS L\o-`q- X-amb kzcq-]- am-Ip-¶p. AXp-t]m-se- Xs¶ Cu N{µ³ cbn-bm-Ip-¶p. F´p-sIm-s­-¶m CXn Øqe-X-Xz-§sf ]pjvS n-s¸-Sp-¯p¶ `qX-X-·m-{X-I-fpsS B[nIyw \ne-\n¡p-¶p. kakvX Pohn-I-fp-tSbpw Øqei-co-c-§-fpsS t]mjWw Cu N{µsâ iànb {]m]n-¨n«p kw`-hn-¡p-¶p. \½psS ico-c-¯n Ch c­n-tâbpw iànIÄ {]tXyIw AwK-{]-Xyw-K-§-fn hym]vX-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. Ah-bn Poh\ iànbp-am-bpÅ kw_Ôw kqcy-\n \n¶pw amwkw, taZÊv apX-e mb Øqe-X -X z-§ -f psS kw_Ôw N{µ-\n \n¶p-am-Ip-¶p.

8. hniz-cq]w lcnWw PmX-th-Zkw ]cm-bWw tPymXn-tcIw X]´w kl-{k-civanx iX[m hÀ¯-am\x {]mWx {]Pm-\ m-ap-Z-b-tXyj kqcyx.
Cu IncW Pme- § - f m aWv U n- X hpw {]Im- i ]qÀ®hpw X]n-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶-Xp-amb kqcy³ hniz¯nsâ kakvX cq]-§-fp-tSbpw tI{µ-am-sW¶v AXnsâ XXzw Adn-bp-¶-hÀ ]d-bp-¶p. FÃm cq]-§fpw (\n-dhpw BIr-Xn-bpw) kqcy-\nÂ\n¶pw DÛ-hn-¡p-Ibpw {]Im-in¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. Cu kqcy³Xs¶ AJn-e-¯n-tâbpw DÂ]-¯n-Øm-\hpw Poh³ tPymXn-Ênsâ aqe-t{km-XÊpw BIp-¶p. CXp kÀÆ-Úhpw kÀÆm-[m-chpw BIp-¶p. sshizm-\-cm-KX\n {]mW-i-àn-bpsS cq]-¯n FÃm-bnv S¯pw hym]n-¨n-cn-¡p-Ibpw FÃm-¯n-t\bpw hln-¨p-sIm­n-cn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. kakvX PK-¯n- tâbpw {]mWcq]w kqcy³ Xs¶-bm-Wv. CXn\p Xpey-ambn Cu PK¯n aäp bmsXmcp Poh-\-i-ànbpw CÃ. Cu kl-{k-Inc- W-\mb kqcy³ \½psS FÃm {]hÀ¯-\-§- fp-tSbpw XpS¡w-Ip-dn-¨p-sIm­v DZn-¡p-¶p. {]]-©-¯n NqSpw {]Imihpw ]c-¯p-I, AJn- e-¯n\pw Poh- \- iàn {]Zm\w sN¿pI, EXp-¡sf ]cn-hÀ¯-\-s¸-Sp-¯pI apX-embn \½psS AkwJyw Bh-iy-§sf ]qÀ¯o-Icn-¨p-sIm­v FÃm krjvSn-I-fp-tSbpw Poh-Zm-Xm-hmb {]mW³Xs¶ kqcysâ cq]-¯n DZn-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. kw_Ôw þ kÀÆ-i-àn-am-\mb ]c-{_Ò ]c-ta-iz-c-\n \n¶p-Xs¶ At±-l-¯nsâ k¦ev]w hgn {]mW-tâbpw cbn-bp-tSbpw kwtbm-K-¯nÂ\n¶pw Cu {]]-©-¯nsâ Dev]¯n apX-em-bh kw`-hn¨p F¶v ImXym-b-\³ I_Ôn-bpsS tNmZy-¯n\p kwt£-]ambn D¯cw ]d-ªp. C\n Cu {]mW-i-àn-bp-tSbpw cbn-i-àn-bp-tSbpw kw_-

6. AYm-ZnXy DZ-b³bXv {]mNow Zniw {]hn-i-XntX\ {]mNym³ {]mWm³ civanjp k¶n-[ -t¯. b±-£ nWmw bXv {]XoNow bZp- Z oNow bZt[m bZqÀ[zw bZ-´ -c m-Zntim bÕÀÆw {]Im-i -b Xn tX\ kÀhm³ {]mWm³ civanjp k¶n-[-t¯.
Cu a{´-¯n FÃm Pohn-Ifn-ep-apÅ Poh\ iàntbmSv kqcy-\pÅ kw_-Ôs¯ ImWn-¡p-¶p. cm{Xn-¡ptijw kqcy³ ]qÀÆ-Zn-¡n DZn¨v Xsâ {]Imiw hym]n¸n- ¡p-t¼mÄ Ahn- sS-bpÅ Pohn-I-fpsS {]mWs\ Xsâ IncW-§-fm [cn-¡p-¶p. AXm-bXv Ah-bpsS Poh\ iàn

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I Ô-t¯m-Sp-IqSn ]c-ta-iz-cs\ D]m-kn-¡m-\pÅ coXn-Ifpw

D]-cypà kIm-tam-]m-k-I-·m-cnÂ\n¶pw `n¶-ambn AXnsâ ^e-§fpw ]d- bp- ¶- Xn- \p- th­n ASp¯ {]I-cWw Ieym-W-Im-an-I-fm-bn-«pÅ km[-I-·mÀ Cu kmwkm-cn-I-t`mBcw-`n-¡p¶p þ K-§-fpsS A\n-Xy-X- tbbpw ZpxJ-kz-cq-]-t¯bpw a\-Ên-em¡n-bn«v Ah-bn \n¶pw XnI¨pw hnc-à-cm-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. 9. kwh- Õ tcm ssh {]Pm- ] - X n- k v X - k ym- b t\ AhÀ {i²-tbm-Sp-IqSn XymK-a-bamb PohnXw \bn-¡pZ£nWw tNm¯cw N. XtZy l ssh XZn-jvSmIbpw B²ym-ßnI hnZy-h-gn-bm-bn, AXm-bXv ]c-am-ß]qÀt¯ IrX- an-X yp-] m- k tX tX Nm{µ- a- k - tah {]m]vXn e`y-am-¡p-¶-Xn-\\p-Iq-e-amb GsX-¦nepw km[\temI-a-`n-P-b-t´. X Gh ]p\-cm-hÀ¯t´ Xkvamh-gn-bm-bn, AJn-e-¯n-tâbpw Bß-kz-cq-]amb ]c-{_-ÒtZX Ejbx {]Pm-Imam Z£nWw {]Xn-]-Zyt´ Gj ]p-cp-tjm- ¯-as\ \njv¡m-a- ambn D]m-kn-¡p-¶p. CXp kwhl ssh cbnÀbx ]nXr-bm-Wx. Õ-c-cq-]-am-Ip¶ {]Pm-]-Xn-bpsS D¯-cmw- K-¯nsâ D]m-kCu a{´-¯n kwh-Õ-cs¯ ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ {]Xo- \-X-s¶-bm-Ip-¶p. CXns\ Cutimhm-tkym-]-\n-j¯ n I- am-¡n- bn«v AXnsâ AwK-cq- ]-c-bn- Øm- \ob t`mKy-]-ZmÀ°- kw`q-Xn-bpsS D]m-k-\sb¶p ]d-ªn-cn-¡p-¶p. CXnsâ §-fpsS Dt±-i-t¯m-Sp-IqSn \S-¯-s¸-Sp¶ D]m-k-\bpw D]m-k -I ³ D¯-cm-b -W -amÀ¤-¯ n¡qSn kqcy-tem-I AXnsâ ^ehpw ]d-bp-¶p. `mhw Fs´-¶mÂ, ]{´-­p- ¯nÂsN¶p kqcysâ Bß-kz-cq-]-amb ]c-{_-Ò-]-c-ta-izam-k-§-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb kwh-Õ-c-cq-]-am-Ip¶ Imew Xs¶. cs\ {]m]n-¡p-¶p. kakvX PK-¯n-tâbpw {]mW-tI{µw krjvSn-bpsS kzman-bmb ]c-ta-iz-csâ kzcq-]-am-Ip-¶p. Cu kqcy³X-s¶- bm-Ip-¶p. CXp-Xs¶ Aa-c-Xzhpw AhnCXn\v c­v Ab-\-§-fp­v; Z£n-Whpw D¯-c-hpw. Z£n- \m-inbpw \nÀ`-b-]-Zhpw BIp¶p; CXp-Xs¶ ]c-a-K-Xn-bmWm-b-\¯nse Bdp amk-§-fn kqcy³ sXt¡m-«mbn Ip-¶p. CXns\ {]m]n-¡p¶ alm-ßm-¡Ä aS-§n-h-cp-¶n-Ã. AXnsâ Z£n-Wmw-K-sa-¶-t]mse Id-§p-¶p. D¯-cm-b-\- CXv ]qÀÆ-P-·s¯ XS-bp¶ BXy-´n-I-{]-f-bam-Wv. Cu ¯nse Bdp- am- k- §Ä AXnsâ D¯- cmw-K-hp-am-Ip- ¶p. Ah- a{´-¯n kqcys\ ]c-ta-iz-csâ kzcq-]-am-bw-Ko-I-cn-¨pbn D{XmwKw {]mW-\m-Ip¶p; AXv Cu hniz-¯nsâ sIm-­p-Xs¶ D]-cyp-à-a-lna ]d-bs¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶p. CtX Bß-kz-cq-]-amb B ]ctaizcsâ kÀÆm-´- cym-an-kz-cq-]- kwKXn Xs¶ ASp¯ a{´-¯n H¶p-IqSn kv]jvS-amam-W.v Z£n- WmwKw cbn AXm-bXv AXnsâ _mly-t`m-Ky- ¡p-¶p. kz-cq-]-am-Ip-¶p. Cu temI-¯n k´m-t\-Nvip-¡-fmb 11. ]©-]mZw ]nXcw ZzmZimIrXnw Znh Blpx ]tc Ejn-IÄ kzÀ¤mZn kmwkm-cn-I-t`m-K-§-fn Bk-à-cm-bnAÀt² ]pco-jn-Ww. AtXta A\y D ]tc hnNcn-¡p-¶p. AhÀ bÚm-Zn-IÄ hgn-bmbn tZh-X-Isf ]qPn£Ww k]vXNt{I jUtc Blp-cÀ¸n-Xan-Xn. ¡p- I , {_mÒ- W mZn t{ijv T ·mÀ¡p [\m- Z n- I - f m k¡mcw \S-¯p-I, ZpxJn- XÀ¡p tkh\w A\p-jvTn-¡pI ]c-{_Ò ]c-ta-iz-c sâ ZrjvSn-tKm-N-c-cq-]-amb Cu apX-em-b- hbpw AXp- t]mse Ipfw, InWÀ, ]qt´m-«w, Bip- kqcy\v A©p-]m-Z-§-fp-s­¶v F{Xtbm XXz-th-¯m-¡Ä ]-{Xn, A\m-Ym-ebw, ]pkvX-Im-ebw apX- embn temtIm-]- ]d-bp-¶p. AXm-bXv Bcp EXp-¡-fn \n¶pw tla-´hpw Im-c-{]-Z-§- fmb Nnc-Ømbn kvamc-I-§Ä Øm]n-¡pI apX- inin-chpw þ Cu c­v EXp-¡sf H¶m-¡n-bn«v ]©-EXpemb [mÀ½n-I-Ir-Xy-§sf X§-fpsS DÂIrjv-S-IÀ¯-hy- ¡sf AhÀ Cu kqcysâ A©p-N-c-W-§-fmbn hnh-£n§-fm-bn-¡-cp-Xp-¶p. XÂ^-eambn Cu temI-¯nepw ]c- ¡p- ¶p. AXp-t]mse ]{´- ­p-am-k-§sf CXnsâ ]{´- ­mtem-I¯n-epapÅ t`mK-§sf Dt±-in¨v Ch-bpsS D]m-k-\- Ir-Xn-Ifmbpw AXm-bXv ]{´­p ico-c-ambpw ]d-bp-¶p. Isf A\p-jvTn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. CXv B kwh-Õ-c-cq- CXnsâ Øm\w kzÀ¤-tem-I-¯nepw D¶-X-am-Ip-¶p. kzÀ¤]-\mb ]c-ta-iz-csâ Z£n-Wmw-Ks¯ Dt±-in¨pÅ D]m-k- temIw t]mepw CXnsâ {]Im-iw- sIm­p tim`n- ¡p-¶p. Cu \-bm-Ip-¶p. CXn-s\-¯s¶ Cuim-hm-tkym-]-\n- j-¯n temI-¯ n hÀjn-¡ -s ¸-S p¶ Pe-¯ nsâ D¸¯n Akw-`q-Xn-bpsS D]m-k\m \ma-¯n tZhIÄ, ]nXr-¡Ä, CXnÂ\n-¶p-X-s¶- bm-Ip-¶p. AXn-\m AJn-e-¯n\pw Pea\p-jyÀ BZn-bmb ico-c- §-fpsS tkh-ambn ]d-bs¸-«n-cn- cq- ]-Po-h³ {]Zm\w sN¿p- ¶-Xp-sIm­v CXv FÃmhcp-tSbpw ¡p-¶p. CXnsâ {]`m-h-¯m AhÀ N{µ-temIw {]m]n-¡p- ]nXm-hm-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. aäp Úm\n-I-fm-bp-Å-hÀ ]d-bp-¶-X,v Ibpw AhnsS AhÀ X§- fpsS IÀ½-^-e§Ä A\p-`hn- Nph¸p aª apX-embn k]vX-hÀ®-In-c-W-bp-àhpw XYm ¨n«p ho­pw Cu temI-¯n-te¡p Xncn-¨p-h-cn-Ibpw sN¿p- hk-´m-Zn-I-fmb Bdv EXp-¡-fp-tSbpw tlXp `qX-hp-amb ¶p. CXp Xs¶ ]nXr-bm-W-amÀ¤w BIp-¶p. Cu hnip-²-{]-Im-i-a-bamb kqcy-a-WvU-e-¯n þ Ggp N{I-§fpw Bdv Bc-¡m-ep-Ifp-apÅ cY-¯n þ ØnXn10. AtYm-¯-tcyW X]km {_Ò-N-tcyW {i² sN-¿p-¶p. CXnsâ Bß kzcq] FÃm-hÀ¡pw \¶m-b-dnbm hnZymbmßm\-a-\zn-jym-Zn-Xy-a-`n-P-b-t´. GX- bm-hp¶ kÀÆ-Ú-\mb ]c-ta-iz-c³, Xs¶ D]m-ky-\m-IpssZz-{]m-Wm-\m-am-b-X-\-ta-XZ-ar-X-a-`b-ta-XXv ]cm-b- ¶p. \½psS Øqe-t\-{X-§Ä¡v ImW-s¸-Sp¶ kqcy-aW-ta-X-kvam¶ ]p\-cm-hÀ¯´ CtXyj \ntcm-[- WvUew AXnsâ ico-c-am-Ip-¶p. AXn-\m CXv AXnsâ kvXtZj tÇmIx. Xs¶-bmb aln-a-bm-Ip-¶p.

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I 12. amtkm ssh {]Pm-]-Xn-kvXky IrjvW-]£
Gh-cbnx ipIvfx {]mW-kvX-kvam-tZX Ejbx ip¢ CjvSw IpÀh-´o-Xc CX-c-kvan³.
Cu a{´-¯n amk-§Ä¡p {]Pm-]Xn ]c-ta-iz-csâ cq]w sImSp-¯n«p IÀ½- §Ä hgn AXns\ D]m-kn-¡p-¶Xn\pÅ clkyw ]d-b-s¸-«n- cn-¡p-¶p. Hmtcm amkhpw {]Pm]-Xn-sb-t¸mse F¶p `mhn-¡p-¶p. AXn IrjvW-]-£¯nse ]Xn-\- ©p-Zn-h-k-§Ä B ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ Z£n-WmwK- am-Wv. CXn- s\- Xn-cmbn (Øq-e-`q-XkapZm-b-¯nsâ ImcWw F¶p a\-Ên-em-¡-Ww. CXv B ]c-ta-iz-csâ iàn- kz-cq]-amb t`mK-ab cq]-am-Ip-¶p. C\n ip¢-]-£-¯nse ]Xn\©p Znh-k-§Ä D¯-cmw-K-am-Wv. CXp-Xs¶ {]mW-\m-Ip¶p. FÃm-¯n\pw Poh³{]-Zm\w sN¿p¶ ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ kÀÆm-´-cy-an-bmb Ejn-bm-bn-c n-¡ p-¶ pthm AXm-b Xv bmsXmcp¯³ cbn Øm\ob t`mK-hkvXp-¡-fnÂ\n¶pw hnc-à-\m-bn«v {]mW-Øm-\ob kÀÆmß cq]-amb ]c-{_Òs¯ B{K- ln- ¡p- ¶pthm Ah³ Xsâ kakvX ip`- IÀ½§sf ip¢-]-£-¯n A\p-jTn-¡p¶p; AXm-bXv ip¢-]v £- Øm-\o-b-\mb {]mWm-[mc ]c-{_-Ò-]-c-ta-iz-c -\mbn AÀ¸Ww sN¿p-¶p. kzbw AXnsâ bmsXm-cp-^-ehpw CÑn-¡p-¶n-Ã. Ch-bnÂ\n¶pw hn`n-¶-ambn t`mKm-k-à-cmbn-«p-Å-hÀ IrjvW-]£¯n AXm-bXv IrjvW]£ Øm\o-b-amb Øqe-]-ZmÀ°-§-fpsS {]m]vXn-¡p-th­n FÃm-hn[ IÀ½-§fpw A\p-jTn-¡p-¶p. v

]I kv{XokwKw \S-¯m-Xn-cn-¡p-¶-Xn\pw hnln-X-amb cm{Xn-Im-e§-fn imkv{Xm-\p-k-cWw \nb-an- Xhpw kwban-Xhpw Bb cq]-¯n k´m-t\m-ev]m-Z-t\-Ñ-tbm-Sp-IqSn am{Xw kv{Xo kl-hmkw sN¿p-¶-Xn\pw D]-tZ-in-¡-s¸-«ncn-¡p-¶p. At¸mÄ Ah\p {_Ò-Nm-cn-I-fpsS KW-\-bn hcp-hm³ Ign-bp-¶p.

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14. A¶w ssh {]Pm-]-Xn-kvXtXm l ssh Xt{ZX kvXkvam-Znax {]Pmx {]Pm-b´ CXn.
Cu a{´-¯n A¶s¯ (`-£-Ww) {]Pm-]-Xn-bpsS cq]-¯n hn`m-h\w sNbvXn«v AXnsâ aln- asb ]d-bp¶p þ AJne Poh-Pm-e-§-fp-tSbpw Blm-c-cq-]amb A¶w Xs ¶ {] Pm- ] - X n - b m- I p- ¶ p. F ´ p- s Im- s ­ - ¶ m CXnÂ\n¶pw hocy-ap-­m-Ip-Ibpw B hocy-¯nÂ\n¶pw kakvX Pohn-Ifpw DÛ-hn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. C¡m-c-W¯m Cu A¶- t¯bpw {]Pm-]-Xn-sb¶p KWn-¡p-¶p. kw_Ôw þ C\n t\cs¯ ]d-ªn-«pÅ c­p {]Im-c-§fn-ep-apÅ km[-I·m-scbpw tbmPn¸n¡p¶ {]tXyIw {]tXyIw ^e-§sf hÀ®n-¡p¶p þ

15. XtZy l ssh XXv{]-Pm-]-Xn-{hXw cN´n tX anYp-\-ap-Xv]m-Z-b-t´. tXjm-ta-sshj {_Ò-tem-tImtbjmw Xt]m {_Ò-Ncyw tbjp kXyw {]Xn-jvTnXw.

bmsXm-cp-¯³ k´m-t\m¸¯n cq]-amb {]Pm]XnbpsS {hXw A\p-jTn-¡p-¶pthm AXm-bXv kzÀ¤m-Znv tem-I-§-fnse t`mK- {]m- Xn- ¡p- th­n imkv{X-hn-ln-X- §-fmb IÀ½-§sf BN-cn-¨p-sIm­v \nb-am-\p-krXw kv{XokwKw apX-emb t`mK-§sf D]-t`m-Kn-¡p-¶p-hthm Ah³ ]p{X·mtcbpw ]p{Xn-I-tfbpw Dev]m-Zn-¸n¨p {]P-Isf hÀ²n-¸nCu a{´-¯n cm{Xn-bp-tSbpw ]I-en-tâbpw cq]-amb ¡p-¶p. bmsXm-cp-¯ ³ CXnÂ\n¶pw `n¶-\m-bn-cn-¡pCcp-]- ¯n- \mep aWn-¡qÀ Ime- cq- ]-¯n ]c-ta-iz-csâ cq]¶pthm bmsXm-cp-¯-\n {_Ò-N-cyhpw X]Êpw \nd-ªnI-ev]\ \S-¯n-bn«v Poh-t\m-]-tbm-Kn-bmb IÀ½-§-fpsS cn-¡p-¶pthm bmsXm-cp-¯sâ PohnXw kXy-a-bhpw XYm clkyw {Kln-¸-¡-s¸-Sp-¶p. Cu cmhpw ]Iepw IqSn-t¨-cpkXy-kz-cq-]-\mb ]c-ta-iz-cs\ Xsâ lrZ-b-¯n \nXy ¶Xp ]c-ta-iz-csâ ]qÀ®-cq-]-sa-¶mWp `mhw. Znhkw hpw ØnX- \mbn I­p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶pthm Ah-\p-am{Xw AJn-e-¯n\pw Poh³ {]Zm-\w-sN-¿p¶ At±-l-¯nsâ B {_Ò-temIw (]-c- a-]-Zw, ]c-a- K-Xn) e`n-¡p¶p; aämÀ¡pw {]Im-i-ab hnip-²-cq-]hpw cm{Xn t`mK-cq-]-amb cbnbpw e`n- ¡p-¶n-Ã. BIp-¶p. AXp-Im-cWw bmsXm-cp-¯³ ]IÂk-abw kv{XokwKw sN¿p-¶ pthm AXm-b Xv ]c-a m-ß m-hnsâ 16. tXjm-aku hnctPm {_Ò-temtIm \ tbjp hnip² kzcq-]s¯ {]m]n-¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ CÑ-tbmSp IqSn PnÒ-a-\rXw \ ambm tNXn. {]Im-i-a-b-amb amÀ¤-¯n¡qSn Nen-¡p-hm³ Bcw-`nbmsXm-cp-¯-\n IpSn-eX eh-teiw t]mep-an-Ãm-Xn-cn¨n«pw kv{XokwKw apX-emb t`mK-hn-em-k-§-fn Bk-à- ¡p-¶pthm bmsXm-cp-¯³ kz]v\-¯nÂt]mepw anYym-`m\m-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm Ah³ Xsâ e£y-¯n-se-¯msX Cu jWw sN¿m-Xn-cn-¡p-Ibpw Ak-Xy-a-b-amb BN-c-W-§Aaqey Pohn-X t¯ hyÀ°-ambn \jvS-s ¸-S p-¯p-¶p. fn \n¶v AI-¶p-\n¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶pthm bmsXm-cpCXnÂ\n¶pw `n¶-ambn bmsXm-cp-¯³ kmwkm-cn-Iamb ¯-\n cmK-tZz-jm-Zn-hn-Imc§Ä kÀÆYm CÃm-Xn-cn-¡pD¶Xn B{K-ln- ¡p-¶pthm AhÀ imkv{X \nb-aa\pk- cn¨v ¶pthm bmsXm-cp-¯³ FÃm-{]-Im-c-¯n-ep-apÅ h©-\, EXp- I m- e - ¯ n cm{Xn- k - a bw \nb- a m- \ p- k r- X - a mbn Im]Syw XpS§nb-h-bn \n¶p cln-X-\m-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm kv{XokwKw \S-¯p¶p F¦n Ah³ imkv{X-¯nsâ Ah-\p-am{Xw B hnIm-c-c-ln-X-amb {_Ò-temIw e`n-¡pBÚ-IÄ ]men-¡p-¶-Xp-sIm­v {_Ò-Nm-cn¡p Xpey-\m- ¶p. CXn\p hn]-co-X-amb e£-W-§-tfm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-hÀ¡v bn-¯o-cp-¶p. Cu a{´-¯n Krl-Ø-·mÀ Hcn-¡epw AXp e`n-¡p-¶n-Ã.

13. Atlm-cmt{Xm ssh {]Pm-]-Xn-kvXkym-l -tch {]mtWm cm{Xn-tch cbnx {]mWw hm GtX {]kv¡µ-´ntb Znhm cXym kwbp-Pyt´ {_Ò-N-cy-tah XZzm-{Zm{Xu cXym kwPy-t´.

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I ZznXo-b -{]iv\w
1. AY ssl\w `mÀ¤thm sshZÀ`nx ]{]-Ñ. `Kh³ ItXyh tZhmx {]Pmw hn[m-c -b t´ IXc GXXv {]Im-i-bt´ Ix ]p\-tcjmw hcnjvT CXn.
Cu a{´-¯n `mÀ¤-h-a-lÀjn ]n¸-em-Zt\mSv aq¶p kwK-Xn-IÄ tNmZn-¡p-¶p. 1. Poho-I-fpsS ico-cs¯ hln¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶Xv BsI F{X tZh-X-I-fmWv? 2. Ahbn GsXÃmw CXns\ {]Im-in-¸n-¡p¶p? 3. Chcn AXy´w t{ijvT-\m-bn-«p-ÅXv Bcv?

4. tkm`nam- \ -ZqÀ[z-a p-X v{I-aX Ch Xkvan-¶ pXv {Ima-Xy-tY-Xtc kÀh Gthm-Xv{Im-at´ XkvanwÝ {]Xn-j vT-a mt\ kÀÆ Gh {]mXn-jvT-t´. XZyYm a£nIm a[p-I-c-cm-Pm-\-ap-Xv{Im-a´w kÀhm GthmXv{Im-a´ Xkva nwÝ {]Xn-jvT -amt\ kÀhm Gh {]mXn-jvT´ Ghw hmMva-\-Ý£px t{im{Xw N tX {]oXmx {]mWw kvXp\z-´n.

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At¸mÄ Ahsc Xsâ {]`mhw ImWn¨v HXp-¡p-¶-Xn\p- th­n kÀÆ- t{i- jvT-\mb {]mW³ A`n- am-\-¯n\p apdnhp X«n-b-Xp-sIm­v cpjvS-\mbn ico-c-¯n \n¶pw shfn-bn 2. Xkv s sa k tlmhm-N m- I mtim l hm Gj t]mIp-¶-Xn\p apIfnte-bv¡p-b-cp-hm³ XpS-§n. FÃm-tZ-htZthm hmbp-c -á n-c m]x ]rYznho hmMva -\-Ý£px X-Ifpw hnh-i-cmbn {]mW-t\m-sSm¯p she-bn-te¡v Cdt{im{Xw N, tX {]Im-iy-`n-h-Z´n hb-ta-XZv_m-W- §p- hm-\m-cw- `n-¨p. H¶n\pw Ønc- ambn \ne- \n-ev¡p-hm³ Igna-hjvS`y hn[m-c-bmax. ªn-Ã. {]mW³ kzØm-\¯v Ønc-ambn \n¶-t¸mÄ aäpC{]-Im-c-apÅ `mÀ¤-hsâ tNmZy-¯n\p alÀjn-]n-¸-em- Å-hÀ¡pw Ønc-ambn \n¡p-hm³ Ign-ªp. tX\o-¨-IZ³ adp-]Sn ]d-ªp. ChnsS c­p {]iv\§-fpsS D¯cw fpsS cmÚn kzØm\w hn«p ]d- ¶p-t]m- Ipt¼mÄ aäp tX\oH¶m-bn-sIm-Sp-¡p-¶p. At±lw ]dªpx AJn-e-¯n-tâbpw ¨Ifpw ]d¶p t]mIp-Ibpw Xncn¨p h¶n-cn-¡p-t¼mÄ aäpB[mcw BIm-i-cq-]-am-I¶ tZh-\m-Wv. AXnÂ\n¶pw Å- h bpw h¶n- c n- ¡ p- I bpw sN¿p-¶ -X p-t]m-s e-b pÅ DXv`hn¨ hmbp, Aán, Pew, ]rYzn Cu \mep alm-`q-X- AhØ Cu tZh-X-IÄ¡pw kw`-hn-¨p. CXp-I­p hmWn, §fpw ico-cs¯ hln-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. Cu Øqe-i- N£pÊv, t{im{Xw BZn-bmb FÃm C{µn-b-§Ä¡pw a\Êv cocw Ch-bnÂ\n-¶p-­m-bn-«p-Å-Xm-Ip-¶p. AXn-\m ChÀ apX-emb A´x-I-c-W-§Ä¡pw X§- fn Gähpw t{ijvT³ [mc-I-tZ- h-X-I- fm-bn- cn-¡p-¶p. hmWn apX-emb A©p-IÀt½- {]mW-\m-sW¶p hnizmkw h¶p. AXn-\m Ah-scÃmw {µn-b-§fpw t\{Xw, t{im{Xw BZn-bmb A©p Úmt\- {]k-¶-cmbn hnhn-[-co-Xn-Ifn {]mWs\ kvXpXn-¡p-hm³ XpS-§n. {µn-b-§fpw AXp-t]mse a\Êv XpS-§n-bmb \me-´x-IcW-§fpw þ Cu ]Xn-\mep tZh-X-IÄ ico-cs¯ {]Im-in-¸n- kw_Ôw þ {]mW-s\- ¯s¶ ]c-{_Ò ]c-ta- iz- csâ kzcq¡p-¶-h-cm-Ip-¶p. Cu tZh-X-IÄ ico-cs¯ hln-¡p-Ibpw ]-sa¶p IcpXn D]m-kn-¡p-¶-Xn\v AXnsâ kÀÆmß cq]{]Im-in-¸n-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. CXp-sIm­v ChÀ [mc-I- t¯m-Sp-Iq-Snb al-Xzs¯ hnh-cn-¡p-¶p. ·mcpw {]Im-i-I-·m-cp-amb tZh-XIÄ F¶p hnfn-¡-s¸-Sp5 . G tj m Kv\ n k vX ] - t X yj k qc y G j ¶p. ChÀ Cu tZls¯ {]Im-in-¸n-¨p-sIm­v ]c-k]cw v ]ÀÖt\ym aL-hm-t\jp hmbpx Ie-ln-¡p-I-bpw. ""\mw Cu ico-c¯n\v B{ibw \ÂIn \ne-\nÀ¯p¶p'' F¶v Al-¦m-c-]qÀÆw ]c-kv]cw ]d-bp- Gj ]rYzn-h-c-bnÀt±hx kZ-k-¨m-arXw N bXv. Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. hmWn apX-emb FÃm tZh-XIfpw kvXpXn-¨p-sIm­p ]dªp þ Cu {]mW³Xs¶ Aán-cq]w [cn¨p Pzen-¡p¶p. CXp-Xs¶ kqcy-\m-Ip-¶p. CXp-Xs¶ taLhpw; CXpXs¶ C{µ\pw hmbphpw; CXp-Xs¶ tZh\pw ]rYznbpw cbnbpw (`q-X -k-ap-Zm-bw) BIp-¶p. AXp-t]m-se-Xs¶ C{]- Imcw k¼qÀ® alm-`q- X- §Ä, C{µn- b-§fpw A´x- k¯pw Ak¯pw BIp-¶p. Ch-sb-Ãm-¯nepw t{ijvTI-c-W-cq-]hp-amb tZh-X-IÄ ]c-kv]cw hmZ-{]-Xn-hmZw \S- \mb Aa-c-kz-cq-]³ ]c-am-ßmhpw Cu {]mW³X-s¶-bm¯n-b -t¸mÄ, kÀÆ-t{i-jvT -\ mb {]mW³ Ah-tcmSp Ip-¶p. ]dªp þ ""\n§Ä Adn-hn-Ãm- ¯- h- tc- t¸mse C{]-Imcw hmZ{]- Xn-hmZw \S-¯m-Xn- cn-¡q. \n§Ä Bcnepw Cu ico- cs¯ 6. Acm Ch cY-\m`u {]mtW kÀhw {]Xn-jvTnXw! hln-¡p-¶-Xnt\m kpc-£n-X-ambn \ne \nÀ¯p-¶-Xnt\m EtNm bPpwjn kmam\n bÚx-£{Xw {_Ò N. DÅ iàn-bn-Ã. Rm³ Fs¶¯s¶ ({]m-W³, A]m-\³, F{]-Imcw cY-N-{I-¯nsâ IpS-¯n LSn-¸n-¨n-cn-¡p¶ kam-\³, hym\³, DZm-\³) A©mbn hn`-Pn¨v B{ibw Imep-IÄ B IpS-s¯-¯s¶ B{i-bn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶pthm \ÂIn CXns\ hln-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p¶p; F¶m¯s¶ A{]-Imcw Xs¶ EtKz- Zw, bPpÀthZw Ch- bnse FÃm a{´CXv kpc-£n-X -ambn \ne-\n¡p-¶p.'' {]mWsâ Cu §fpw kma-thZw apgp-h\pw Ah hgn-bmbn \S-¯-s¸-Sp¶ hm¡pIÄ tI«n«v B tZh-X-IÄ AXp hniz-kn-¨n-Ã. AhÀ bÚmZn ip`-IÀ½- §fpw B IÀ½-§Ä \S-¯p¶ {_mÒAhn-izm-knIfmbn-¯s¶ Ign-ªp. WÀ, £{Xn-bÀ apX-emb A[n-Im-cn-hÀ¤-§fpw Ch-sbÃmw

3. Xm³h-cnjvTx {]mW Dhm-N. am taml-am-]-ZyYm lta-ssh-X -Xv ]-©[mßm\w {]hn-` -s sPy-X-Zv_ mW-a-hjvS`y hn[m-c-bm-aoXn tX{i±[m\m _`phpx

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181

I {]mWsâ B[m-c-¯n Dd-¨p-\n¡p-¶p. FÃm-¯n-tâbpw
B{ibw {]mW³X-s¶-bm-Ip-¶p. kw_Ôw þ C{]-Imcw {]mWsâ alXzw ]d-ªn«v C\n AXns\ kvXpXn-¡p¶p þ

7. {]Pm-]-Xn-Ýckn KÀt` Xztah {]Xn-Pm-b-tk. Xp`yw {]mW {]Pm-kvXznam _enw lc´n bx {]mssWx {]Xn-Xn-jvTkn

tl {]mW³, \o Xs¶ {]Pm-]Xn (Po-hn-I-fpsS Cuizc³) BIp-¶p. KÀ`-¯n {]th-in¨v amXm-]n-Xm-¡Ä¡-\pcq-]-amb k´m-\-cq-]-¯n P·-sa-Sp-¡p-¶Xpw \o Xs¶. FÃm Pohn- Ifpw \n\-¡p- Xs¶ ImgvN-k- aÀ¸n-¡p-¶p. \nsâ Xr]vXn-¡p-th-­n-¯s¶ `£Ww Ign-¡p¶p F¶p `mhn- 12. bm tX X\qÀhmNn {]Xn-jvTnXm bm t{imt{X bm N N£pjn ¡p-¶p. \oXs¶ A]m-\mZn FÃm {]mWn-I-tfmSpw IqSn FÃm-h-c p-tSbpw ico-c -¯n ØnXn-sN-bvXp-sIm-­n-cnbm N a\kn k´Xm inhmw Xmw ¡p-¶p. Ipcp tamXv{Iaox

tl {]mW³! kwkv¡m-c-c-ln-X- \m-bn-cp-¶n«pw kÀÆ-t{ijvS-\mb Ejn-bm-Ip-¶p. \o kzm`m-hn-I-ambn ip²³ Xs¶. AXn-\m \n\¡pw kwkv¡m-cw-h-gn-bm-bpÅ ip²n-bpsS Bh-iyta CÃ. {]XypX \o Xs¶ AJn- e-t¯bpw ]hn-{XoI-cn- ¡p¶ GI- am-{X\pw kÀÆ- t{i- jvT- \p- amb alÀjn F¶p Xm¸-cyw. R§Ä (FÃm C{µn-b-§Ä a\Êv XpS-§n-b-h) \n\-¡m-bn-s¡m­v \m\m-{]-Im-c-¯n-epÅ t`mPy-]-ZmÀ°§Ä AÀ¸Ww sN¿p-¶-hcpw \o Ahsb `pPn-¡p-¶-h\pw BIp-¶p. \o Xs¶ AJne {_Òm-WU-¯n-tâbpw D¯-av \mb kzman. BIm-i-Nm-cnbpw ka-jvSn-hm-bp-hkz-cq-]-\pamb {]mW³, \o R§-fpsS ]nXm- hm- Ip- ¶p. F´p-sIm-s­¶m \n¶nÂ\n-¶p-Xs¶ R§-sfÃmw DÛ-hn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p.

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8. tZhm-\m-akn hÓn-Xax ]nXrWmw {]Y-am-kz-[m. EjoWmw NcnXw kXy-a-YÀÆmMvKnc-km-a-kn.
tl {]mW³, tZhIÄ¡pth­n lhnÊv F¯n-¨p-sImSp-¡ p¶ D¯-a-amb Aán \o Xs¶-bm-Ip-¶ p. ]nXr¡Ä¡pÅ BZy- {im- ²hpw \oX-s¶. AYÀÆmw- Kn-cÊp apXemb alÀjn-am-cm BN-cn-X-amb kXyhpw \oX-s¶-bmIp-¶p.

tl {]mW³! \nsâ bmsXmcp kzcq]w hmWn, t{im{Xw, N£pÊv apX-emb ka-kvtX-{µnb§fnepw a\Êv apX-emb A´x-I-c-W-§-fpsS hr¯n-I-fnepw hym]n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶pthm AXns\ \o awK-f-a-b-am-¡n-¯oÀt¡-W-ta. AXm-bXv \n¶n bmsXm¶v R§Ä¡p {i²m-e p-¡-fm-bn-cn-¡ p-h m³ Bthiw \ÂIntbm AXns\ \o im´- am-¡n-bm-epw. \o ico-c¯n \n¶pw DbÀ¶p shfn-bn t]mIm-Xn-cn-¡q. CXp R§-fpsS {]mÀ°-\-bm-Ip-¶p.

9. C{µkvXzw {]mW tXPkm cpt{Zmkn ]cn-c-£ nXm Xza-´-cnt£ Nckn kqcykvXzw tPymXn-jmw-] -X n.
tl {]mW³! \o FÃm hn[-¯n-epapÅ tXP-tÊm-Sp-IqSnb (i-àn) {XntemI kzman-bmb C{µ-\m-Ip-¶p. \o Xs¶ {]f-b-Im-e-¯n FÃmänt\bpw kwl-cn-¡p¶ cp{Z\pw FÃm-än- t\bpw bYm-tbmKyw kwc-£n-¡p-¶-h\pw BIp-¶p. A´-co-£ -¯n hnl-cn-¡p¶ hmbphpw AXp-t]mse Aán, N{µ³, \£-{X-§Ä apX-emb tPymXnÀK-W-§-fpsS kzman-bmb kqcy\pw \oX- s¶-bm-Ip-¶p.

13. {]mW-tkyZw hti kÀhw {XnZnth bXv{]-Xn-j vTnXw amtXh ]p{Xm³ c£kz {ioÝ {]Úmw N hnt[ ln \ CXn.
F{Xtbm hkvXp- ¡Ä kzÀ¤- ¯nepw `qan- bnepw kv]jvSambn ImW-s¸-Sp-¶p. Ah-sb-Ãmw-Xs¶ Cu Pohn-IÄ¡[o- \-am-bn- cn-¡p-¶p. CsXÃmw Nn´n¨v C{µmZn tZh- ·mÀ Ahkm\w {]mW-t\mSp {]mÀ°n-¡p¶p þ ""tl {]mW³, Hcp amXmhp Xsâ Ipªns\ F{]-Imcw kwc-£n-¡p¶pthm AtX-{]-Imcw \o R§sf c£n-¡p-Ibpw R§Ä¡v sFiz-cyhpw Im´nbpw AXm-bXv {]hÀ¯-\-i-ànbpw Úm\hpw {]Zm\w sN¿p-Ibpw sN¿-tW. C{]-Imcw Cu {]I-c-W-¯n `mÀ¤h alÀjn-bpsS aq¶p tNmZy-§ Ä¡pw adp-] -Sn-b mbn ]n¸-em-Z-a-lÀjn kakvX Pohn-IÄ¡pw ico-c-§Ä¡pw kzmØyw \ÂIn B´-c-ambpw _mly-ambpw \ne-\nÀ¯p-¶Xv BIm-i-X-Xzam-Ip¶p F¶ Imcyw Ahsc {Kln-¸n- ¨p. AtXm-Sp- IqSn icocm-hbh§sf ]qÀ¯o-I-cn-¡p-¶Xp hmbp, Aán, Pew, `qan F¶n-§s\ \mep XXz-§- fm-Ip-¶p. ]¯v C{µn- b-§fpw A´x- I - c -W hpw Cu XXz- § Ä¡v {]Imiw \ÂIn {]hÀ¯\ kÖ-am- ¡p-¶- h-bm- W.v Ch-bn-seÃmw t{ijvSbam-bn-«p-ÅXp {]mW³ BIp- ¶p. AXn-\m {]mW³ Xs¶

10. bZm Xza-`n-hÀjkytYamx {]mW tX {]Pmx B\-µ -cq-]m-kvXn-j vT´n Imam-bm- ¶w-`-hn-jy-Xo-Xn.
tl {]mW³! \o taL-cq-]-ambn ]rYzn-bn FÃm-bnS¯pw ag-s]-¿n-¡p- t¼mÄ \nsâ Cu {]P-I- sfÃmw ""\½psS Pohn-X-\nÀÆ-l-W-¯n\p [mcmfw [m\yw Dev]¶-amIpw'' F¶pÅ Bi-bn B\µ \na-á-cm-bn-¯o-cp-¶p.

11. {hmXykvXzw {]mssW-IÀjn-c¯m hnizky kXv]Xnx hb-am-Zyky ZmXm-cx-]n-XmXzw amX-cniz \x

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182

I hmkvX-h¯n Cu ico-cs¯ hln-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. -

{]mW³ ]c-am-ßm-hn \n¶pw DÛ-hn-¨n-«p-Å-Xm-Ip-¶p. B {]mW- s\- ¡q- SmsX Cu ico-cs¯ hln-¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ iàn ]c-{_Ò ]c-ta-iz-c³Xs¶ D]m-Zm-\-Im-c-Whpw Ah³ asäm-¶n\pw Xs¶-bn-Ã. asäÃm C{µn-bm-Zn-I-fnepw CXnsâ Xs¶ CXnsâ cN-bn-Xmhpw BIp-¶p. AXn-\m CXnsâ Xs¶ iàn A\p-kyqXw {]h-ln-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. ØnXn B alm-ßm-hmb ]c-ta-iz-c\v A[o-\-am-Ip-¶p. a\pCXnsâ Xs¶ iàn e`n-¨n«v Ah ico-cs¯ hln-¨p-sIm- jysâ Omb Ah-¶-[o-\-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶-Xp-t]m-se-X-s¶- bm­n-cn-¡p-¶ p. Wn-Xv. CXm-Ip¶p BZys¯ {]iv\¯nsâ D¯-cw. C\n c­m-as¯ tNmZy-¯nsâ D¯cw þ a\-Êp-hgn kw`-hn¡p¶ k¦-e]-¯nÂ\n¶pw {]mW³ ico-c-¯n {]th-inv XrXo- b -{]iv\ w ¡p-¶p. acn-¡p¶ kabw Pohn-I-fpsS a\-Ên AXnsâ 1. AY ssl\w Iuk-eyÝmizem-b\x ]{]Ñ `K- IÀ½-a-\p-k-cn-¨pÅ Fs´Ãmw k¦-ev]-§-fpt­m Ah\v h³ IpX Gj {]mtWm PmbtX IY- am- b m-X y- A§-s \-X -s ¶-b pÅ icocw e`n-¡ p-¶ p. AXn-\ m kvan³ icoc Bßm\w hm {]hn-`Py IYw {]mXn- {]mWsâ ico-c¯n-te-¡pÅ {]th-i\w a\-Ênsâ k¦ev]-¯nÂ\n-¶p-­m-Ip-¶p. jvTtX tIt\m-Xv{I-atX IYw _mly-a-`n-[t¯ IYa-²ym-ß -an-X n. kw_Ôw þ C\n Biz-em-b-\sâ aq¶m-as¯ tNmZy-¯nCu a{´- ¯n Biz- em-b\ ap\n ]n¸-em-Z-a-lÀjn- tbmSv \pÅ adp-]Sn Bcw-`n-¡p-¶p. BsI Bdp kwK-Xn-IÄ tNmZn-¡p-¶p. 1. A§p hÀ®n¨ {]mW³ BcnÂ\n¶pw DÛ- hn¨p? 2. AXv Cu a\p-jy-i-co-c-¯n F§s\ {]th-in-¡p¶p? 3. X¶¯ms\ hn`-Pn-¡-s¸«v F{]-Imcw ico-c-¯n ØnXn-sN¿p¶p? 4. Hcp ico-cs¯ Dt]-£n-¨n«p asämcp ico-c-¯nte¡p t]mIp¶ kabw BZy-ico-c-¯n \n¶pw F{]Imcw ]pd- s¸-Sp¶p? 5. Cu _mly (]m©`uXn- I) PK- ¯ns\ F{]-Imcw hln-¡p¶p? 6. a\Êv C{µn-b§Ä, apX-em-bh B²ymßn (B-´-cn-I) PK-¯ns\ F{]-Imcw hln-¡p¶p? ChnsS {]mWsâ hnj-b¯nÂ, BZyw sImSp¯ adp-]-Snbn hcm¯ D¯-c-§-fpsS tNmZy-§-fmWp tNmZn-¨n-cn-¡p¶- Xv. AhÀ BZys¯ D¯c§Ä tI«p {]k-¶- cm-bn-cp-¶p. AXn-\m tNmtZym- ¯-c-th- f-bn kptI-imZn Bdp alÀjnamcpw H¶n-¨n-cp-¶n-cp¶p F¶p kv]jvS-am-Ip-¶p.

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4. bYm k{am-tU-hm-[n-Ir-Xm³ \nbpMvtà GXm³ {Kmam-t\-Xm³{Km-am-\-[nþ XnjvT-tkz-tXy-h-ta-sshj {]mW CXcm {]mWm³ ]rYIv ]rY-tKh k¶n-[-t¯.
ChnsS alÀjn DZm-l-c-W-k-lnXw aq¶m-as¯ {]iv\¯n\p adp-]Sn ]d-bp¶p þ F{]-Imcw `qa-WvU-e-¯nsâ N{I-hÀ¯n-amÀ {Kma- §Ä¡pw \K-c-§Ä¡pw P\-] -Z§Ä¡pw {]tXyIw {]tXy-Iambn A[n-Im-cn-Isf \nb-an¡p-¶pthm Ah-bpsS A[n-Im-c-§Ä hoXn-¨p-sIm-Sp-¡p¶pthm AtX-{ ]-I m-c w-X s¶ Cu kÀÆ-t {i-j vT -\ mb {]mW\pw kz´w AwK-cq-]-amb A]m-\³, hym\³ apXemb aäp {]mW-\p-Isf ico-c-¯nsâ {]tXyIw {]tXyIw `mK-§-fn {]tXyIw {]tXyIw Imcy-§Ä¡mbn \ntbmKn- ¡p-¶ p. kw_Ôw þ C\n apJy-{]m-W³, A]m-\³, kam-\³ Ch aq¶n-sâbpw hmk-Øm- \hpw {]hr-¯n- Ifpw hnh-cn-¡p-¶p.

2. Xkvssa k tlmhm-Nm-Xn-{]-iv\m³ ]rÑkn {_ÒnjvtTmkoXn Xkvat¯lw {_ho-an.
Cu a{´-¯n ]n¸-emZ alÀjn Biz-em-b-\sâ tNmZyw ITn-\-am-sW¶p ]dbp-Ibpw At±-l-¯nsâ _p²na-¯-tbbpw XÀ¡-io-e-t¯bpw {]iw-kn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p¶p. AtXm-Sp-IqSn ""\o tNmZn¨ coXn I­n«v AXn\p adp]Sn Xtc-­-bm-hiy-hp-an-Ã. F¶m \o XÀ¡ _p²n-tbmSp-Iq-Sn-bà tNmZn-¨sX¶p Rm³ a\-Ên-em-¡ p-¶p. \o {i²mephpw thZ-§-fn \njvWm-X\pw BIp-¶p. AXn\m Rm³ \nsâ tNmZy-§Ä¡p adp-]Sn ]d-bmw.'' F¶ `mhhpw {]I-Sn-¸n-¡p-¶p.

5. ]mbq- ] tØ]m\w N£px- t {imt{X apJ-\ mknIm`ymw {]mWx kzbw {]mXn-jvTtX at[y Xp kam-\x. Gj tlyX-²p-X-a¶w kaw \bXn XkvamtZXmx k]vXmÀ¨ntjm `h-´n.
CXp kzbw apJ¯pw \mkm-Zzm-c¯nepw IqSn k©cn¨v t\{X-§-fnepw t{im{X-§-fnepw ØnXn-sN-¿p-Ibpw AXp-t]mse KpZ-¯nepw D]-Ø-¯nepw A]m- \s\ Øm]n¡p-Ibpw sN¿p- ¶p. AXnsâ tPmen-IÄ ae-aq-{X-§sf icoc-¯nÂ\n¶pw ]pd-t¯-bv¡pXÅpIbpw cP-Êv, hocyw, KÀ`w Chsb shfn- bn-tebv¡p XÅn-hn-Sp-Ibp-am-Wv. icoc-¯nsâ a[y-`m-K-¯v, \m`n-bnÂ, kam-\s\ Øm]n-¡p-¶p. Cu kam-\-hm-bp-hn-s\-¯s¶ {]mW-cq-]-am-Ip¶ Aánbn lh\w sNbvXp- sIm­v DZ- c- ¯n h¶p hogp¶ A¶s¯, AXm-bXp kmcmw-is¯ ico-c-¯nsâ FÃm AwK{]-Xyw-K-§-fn bYm-tbmKyw ka-`m-h¯n F¯n-¨p-sIm-

3. Bß\ Gj {]mtWm PmbtX bssYjm ]pcptj Omssb-X-kvan-t¶-XZm-XXw at\m-Ir-tX-\mbm-Xy-kvan³ ico-tc.
ChnsS alÀjn ]n¸-em- Z³ Biz-em- b- \sâ c­p tNmZy§Ä¡p {Ia-{]-Imcw adp-]Sn ]d-bp-¶p. bmsXm-¶nsâ {]IcWw \S-¶p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶pthm B kÀÆ-t{i-jS-\mb v

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I Sp-¡p-¶p. B A¶-¯nsâ kmc-`q-X-amb ck-¯n \n¶pw
Xs¶ Cu ico- c-¯n Ggp Pzme- IÄ AXm- bXv FÃm hnjb-§-tfbpw {]Im-in-¸n-¡p¶ c­p t\{X-§Ä. c­p sNhnIÄ, c­p \mkm-Zzm-c§-Ä, Hcp apJw (c-k-\) Cu Ggp Zzmc-§Ä D¸-¶-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. B ck-¯n \n¶pw ]pjvSn {]m]n-¨n«v Ch Xm´m- §- fpsS {]hr-¯n-I kaÀ°ambn sN¿p-¶p. kw_Ôw þ C\n hym\sâ KXn hÀ®n-¡p¶p þ

(Hcp ico-c-¯nÂ\n¶pw ]pd-s¸«v apJy {]mW³ DZm-\t\bpw Iq«n AXp- hgn aäp ico- c-¯n-tebv¡p t]mIpt¼mÄ Xsâ AwK-`q-X-amb kam-\mZn {]mW-§-tfbpw C{µn-bw, a\Êv Ch-tbbpw Iq«n-s¡m-­p-t]m-Ip-¶p. Ch-sb-Ãm-¯ntâbpw kzman-bmb Pohm- ßmhpw AXn-t\m- Sp- Iq- Sn- t¸m-Ip-¶p. Cu Imcyw ChnsS ]d-tb-­-Xp-­v.) kw_Ôw þ C\n c­p a{´-§-fn-embn Bizemb\sâ A©pw Bdpw tNmZy-§-fpsS D¯cw sImSp-¯p-sIm­v Pohm-ß mhp {]mtW-{µn-b -§-tfm-S p-I qSnb Hcp ico-c ¯nÂ\n¶pw asämcp ico-c-¯n-te¡p t]mIp-¶Xp kw_Ô- amb Imcyw kv]jvS-am-¡p-¶p.

K

6. l rZn tl yj B ßm A ss {X - X - t Z- I - i X w \mUo\mw Xmkmw iXw iX-ta-ssI-Ikymw Zzmk]vX -XnÀZzm-k-]vXXnx {]Xn-i m-Jm-\m-Uo-k-l-{kmWn `h-´ymkp hym\-Ý -c-Xn.
Cu ico-c¯n Po-hm-ßm-hnsâ \nhmk Øm\-amb lrZ-b-¯n Hcp-\qdp {][m\ \mUn-Ifpw Ah-bn Hmtcm \mUn-IÄ¡pw \qdp-hoXw imJm \mUn-Ifpw Ah-bn Hmtcm \mUn-IÄ¡pw \qdphoXw imJm \mUn-Ifpw D­v. Cu Hmtcm imJm-\m-Un¡pw Fgp-]-¯o-cm-bncw {]Xn-imJm \mUn-Ifpw D­v. C{]-Imcw ico-c-¯n BsI Fgp-]-¯nc- ­p-tImSn \mUn-I-fp-Å- Xn FÃmw Cu hym\-hmbp k©cn- ¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶ p.

8. BZntXym l ssh _mlyx {]mW DZ-tXyj tly \w Nm£pjw {]mW-a-\p-{K-lvWm\x ]rYznhyw bm tZh Xmsskjm ]pcp,-kym-]m-\a-h-jvS-`ym-´cm bZmImix k kamt\m hmbÀhym-\x.

kqcy³ Xs¶ FÃm-¯ n- tâbpw _mly- {]m- W ³ BIp¶p F¶v ]qÀ®-ambn {Kln-¡-Ww. Cu apJy-{]m-W³ kqcy-cq-]-¯n DZn¨v ico-c-¯nsâ AwK-{]-Xyw-K-§sf ]pjvSn-s¸-Sp-¯p-Ibpw t\t{X-{µn-b§sf A\p-{K-ln-¡pIbpw sN¿p-¶p. AXn\v ImgvNiàn AYhm {]Imiw \ÂIp-¶p. ]rYzn-bnepÅ tZhX AXm-bXv A]m\ hmbpkw_Ôw þ C\n DZm-\-hm-bp-hnsâ Øm\hpw {]hÀ¯hnsâ iàn AXv a\p-jy-cpsS DÅn hkn-¡p¶ A]m-\\-§fpw ]d-bp-¶-tXm-Sp-IqSn Biz-em-b-\³sd \mem-as¯ hm-bp-hn\v B{ibw \ÂIp-¶p. Cu A]m-\-hm-bp-hnsâ tNmZy¯nsâ D¯-chpw \ÂI-s¸-Sp¶p þ iàn KpZpw, Kp]vt\-{µn-b-§Ä Chsb klm-bn-¡p-Ibpw 7. AssY- I - tbmÀ[z DZzm\x ]ptWy\ ]pWyw Ch-bpsS _mly-amb kvYqem-Im-cs¯ hln-¡p-Ibpw temIw \bXn ]mt]\ ]m]-ap-`m-Pym-tah a\p-jy- sN¿p-¶p. kzÀ¤-¯n\pw `qan¡pw CS-¡pÅ BImiw tem-Iw. Xs¶ kam-\-hm-bp-hnsâ _mly-kzcq-]-am-Ip-¶p. AXv Cu apI-fn ]d-ªn-«pÅ Fgp-]-¯n-c-­p-tImSn \mUn-I- ico- c-¯nsâ _mly-§- fmb AwK- {]-Xyw-K-§Ä¡p hn{iaw fn \n¶pw `n¶-ambn asämcp \mUn-Iq-Sn-bp-­v. AXns\ \ÂIn Ahsb ]c-c-£n-¡p-Ibpw ico-c-¯n-\p-Ån-epÅ kpjpav\ F¶p ]d-bp-¶p. AXv lrZ-b-¯nÂ\n¶pw ]pd- kam-\-hm-bp-hn\v AXn k©-cn-¡p-¶-Xn\p kuIcyw s¸«p apI-fn akv X-I-¯n-te-bv¡ p t]mIp-¶ p. AXp- sImSp-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. CXnsâ klm-b-¯m IÀ®hgnbmbn DZm-\-hmbp ico-c- ¯nsâ apIÄ `mK-t¯bv¡p §Ä¡p {ihn-¡p-hm³ Ign-bp-¶p. BIm-i-¯n Ncn-¨pk©-cn-¡p-¶p. (C-{]-Imcw Aiz-em-b-\sâ aq¶m-as¯ sIm-­n-cn-¡p¶ hmbp-Xs¶ hym\-hm-bp-hnsâ _mly-cq-]{]iv\¯nsâ kam-[m\w ]d-ªn«v alÀjn ]n¸-em-Z³ am-Ip-¶p. AXv Cu ico-c-¯nsâ _mly-am-bpÅ AwK-{]Abm-fpsS \mem-as¯ {]iv\-¯nsâ D¯cw kwt£]- Xyw-K-§sf {]hÀ¯-\-k-Ö-am-¡n-¯oÀ¡p-Ibpw im´n am-bn-¸-d-bp-¶p.) bmsXm-cp-¯³ ]pWy-i o-e-\m-bn- cn-¡p- {]Zm\w sN¿p-Ibpw sN¿p¶p; DÅnse hym\-hm-bp-hns\ ¶pthm bmsXm-cp-¯sâ k¡À½-§-fpsS ^ew A\p-`- \mUn-Ifn¡qSn \bn-¡p-Ibpw XzKn-{µn-b-¯n\v kv]Àihn-t¡­ ka-b- am-bn-cn-¡p- ¶pthm Ahs\ Cu DZm\ hmbp- \-Úm\w D­m-¡p-¶-Xn klm-bn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿-p¶p. Xs¶ aäp {]mWn-I-tfmSpw C{µn-b-§-tfmSpw IqSn hÀ¯- 9. tXtPm l hm DZm-\ -kvXk vam-Zp- ]-i m-´-tXPmx am\ ico-c¯nÂ\n¶pw ]pd-s¸«p ]pWy-tem-I-¯n þ ]p\À`h an{µn-ssbÀa-\kn k¼-Zy-am-ss\x. kzÀ¤mZn D¶- X- tem-I-§-fn-tebv¡p sIm­p-t]m- Ip-¶p. ]m]kqcy-s âbpw Aán-bp-s Sbpw _mly-amb tXPÊv IÀ½-§-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb a\p-jysc iqIc IqI-cmZn ]m]-tbmDjvW-Xzw, AXp-Xs¶ DZm-\-hm-bp-hnsâ _mly-kz-cq-]w. \n-Ifnepw cuc-hm-Zn-\n-c-I-§-fnepw sIm­p-t]m-Ip-Ibpw AXp ico-c¯ nsâ _mly-am-bpÅ AwK-{]-Xyw-K-§sf AXp-t]mse bmsXm-cp-¯³ ]m]-]p-Wy-IÀ½-§-fpsS a{inXWp-¸n-¡p-hm³ A\p-hZn-¡p-¶n-Ã. IqSmsX ico-c-¯nsâ X-^ ew A\p-`hn-¡p-¶-Xn\p A`n-ap-J-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm B´- cn-tIm-jam-hns\ Ønc- s¸-Sp¯n \nÀ¯p-Ibpw sN¿pv Ahs\ a\p-jy-i-co-c-¯n-tebv¡v sIm­p-t]m-Ibpw sN ¶p. Hcp-¯sâ ico-c¯n \n¶pw DZm-\-hmbp amdn-¡-gn¿p-¶p. ªm Ahsâ icocw NqSm-bn- cn-¡p-¶n-Ã. AXn-\m ico-

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I c-¯n\v NqSn-Ãm-Xmbn AXn \nh-kn-¡p¶ Pohm-ßmhv a\Ên hneo-\-ambn C{µn-b-§sf tNÀ¯p-sIm­v DZm-\-hmbp-hn-t\m-Sp-IqSn aäp ico-c-¯n-te¡p amdn-t¸m-Ip-¶p. kw_Ôw þ C\n Biz-em-b-\sâ \mem-as¯ tNmZy¯nse AXm-bXv {]mW³ Hcp ico-c-¯n \n¶p ]pd-s¸«v aäp ico-c¯ntem temI-¯ntem {]th-in-¡p¶ Imcywho­pw kv]jvS-am-¡p-¶p.

12. DXv]-¯n-am-bXnw Øm\w hn`pXzw ssNh ]©[m

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A²ymßw ssNh {]mWky hnÚm-bm-ar-Xa-i v\ p-tX. hnÚm-b m-ar-Xaiv\pX CXn.
D]-cypà hnth-N\-§-f-\p-k-cn-¨v bmsXmcp a\p-jy³ {]mWsâ DÛ-hs¯ þ AXm-b Xv CXv F´nÂ\n¶v F§s\ D­m- Ip¶p F¶ cl- kys¯ þ {Kln-¡p-¶pthm ico-c-¯n AXnsâ hym]vX n-sb-¸-än-bpÅ Úm\hpw {Kln- ¡p- ¶pthm bmsXm- cp-¯³ {]mWsâ ØnXnsb AXmbXv AI¯pw ]pd¯pw Fhn-sS-hn-sS-sbÃmw AXp hkn¡p¶p F¶pÅ cl-kys¯ þ AXnsâ _mlyhpw B´cn-Ihpw Bb þ B[n-`u-Xn-Ihpw B²ym-ßn-I-hp-amb A©p cl-ky-§sf \¶mbn {Kln-¡p-¶pthm Ah³ AarX- kz-cq-]-\mb ]c-am-\-µ-ab ]c-{_Ò ]c-ta-iz-cs\ {]m]n¡p-Ibpw B B\-µ-a-bsâ kwtbm-K-kp-Js¯ \nc-´cw A\p- `-hn- ¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p- Ibpw sN¿p-¶ p.

10. b¨n-¯-kvtX-ss\j {]mW-am-bmXn {]mWkvtX Pkm bpàx klm-ß\m bYm-k-¦-ev]nXw temIw \b-Xn.
acn-¡p¶ kabw Cu Bßm-hn\v GsXÃmw k¦-ev]§-fp-­m-Ip-¶pthm AXnsâ a\Êv A´n-a-\n-an-j-¯n GXp `mh-\-IÄ Nn´n-¨n-cp-¶pthm B k¦-e]-t¯m-Sp-Iqv Snb a\-Êv, C{µn-b§sf Iq«n-s¡m­v apJy {]mW-\n ØnXn-sN-¿p-¶p. B apJy {]mW³ DZm-\-hm-bp-hp-am-bnt¨À¶v Xt¶m-sSm¯v a\Êpw C{µn-b§fpw H¶n-¨pÅ Pohm- ßm- hns\ B A´na k¦-ev]-a-\p-k- cn¨v bYm-tbmKyw `n¶ `n¶ temI§fntem AYhm tbm\n-I-fntem B\-bn¡p-¶p. AXn-\m Xsâ a\- Ên \nc-´cw `K- hms\ Nn´n¨p-sIm-­n-c n-¡p-¶Xv AXy´w DNn-X-am-bn-c n-¡pw. aäp k¦ev]-§Ä H¶pw hcp-hm-\-\p-h-Zn-¡-cp-X.v F´p-sIm-s­¶m PohnXw Aev]hpw A\n-Xy-hp-am-Ip-¶p. A{]-Xo-£nX- ambn Cu ico-c- ¯nsâ A´yw Ft¸mÄ kw`-hn-¡p-sa¶v F§s\ Adnbpw? B kabw `K-h-XvNn´ D­m- ImsX aäp k¦-ev]-§Ä BWp-­m-Ip-¶-sX-¦n km[m-c-W-t]mse F¬]-¯n-\m-epe£w tbm\n-I-fn Ae-ªp-Xn-cn-tb-­Xmbn hcp-¶p. kw_Ôw þ C\n {]mW-hn-j-b-Iamb Úm\-¯nsâ kmwkm-cn-Ihpw ]mc-eu-In-Ihp-amb ^es¯ hnh-cn-¡p¶p.

NXpÀ° {]iv\ w
1. BY ssl\w kucym-bWo KmÀKyx ]{]Ñ `Kht¶ Xkvan³ ]pcptj Im\n kz]´n Im\ykvan RvP m{KXn IXc Gj tZhx kz]v\ m³]- i yXn Issky-XÕpJw `hXn Ikv an¶p kÀth k{¼Zn-jvTnXm `h-´o-Xn.
ChnsS KmÀKy-ap\n ]n¸-em-Zt\mSv A©p-Im-cy-§Ä tNmZn-¡p-¶p. 1. KmV-\n-{Zm-k-abw Cu a\p-jy-i-co-c-¯n A[n-h-kn-¡p¶ ap³]-dª tZh-X-I-fn BscÃmw Dd§p¶p? 2. BscÃmw DWÀ¶n-cn-¡p¶p? 3. kz]v\m-hØbn Ch-cn GXp-tZ-hX kz]v\-kw-`-h- §Ä I­p-sIm- ­ncn-¡p¶p? 4. \n{Zm-hØ-bnse kpJm-\p-`hw BÀ¡p-­mIp¶p? 5. Cu FÃm tZh-X-Ifpw kÀÆ-`m-h-t¯m-Spw-IqSn F´n ØnXn-sN-¿p¶p? AXm-bXv Bsc B{i-bn-¨n-cn¡p¶p? C§s\ KmÀKy-ap\n Pohm-ßm- hn-tâbpw ]c- am-ßmhn-tâbpw ]qÀ®-amb XXz-§Ä tNmZn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p.

11. b Ghw hnZzm³ {]mWw thZ \ lmky {] Pm lo-btXartXm `hXn XtZj tÇmIx
GsX-¦nepw hnZzm³ C{]-Imcw Cu {]mWsâ clkyw a\- Ên- em- ¡p- Ibpw {]mWsâ al-Xzs¯ {Kln¨v FÃm {]Imc-§-fnepw AXns\ kpc-£n-X-am¡n \ne-\nÀ¯p-Ibpw AXns\ Hcn-¡epw Ah-tl-fn-¡m-Xn-cn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p¶pthm Ahsâ k´m-\-]-c-¼c Hcn-¡epw \in-¨p-t]m-Ip¶n-Ã. F´p-sIm-s­-¶m Ahsâ hocyw Atam-Lhpw AÛp-Xhpw iàn-k-¼-¶-hp-am-Ip-¶p. Ah³ AXnsâ B²ym-ßnI cl-kys¯ {Kln-¨n«p Xsâ Pohn-Xs¯ kmÀ°-I-am-¡n-¯oÀ¡p-Ibpw Hcp £Ww-t]mepw `K-hXv Nn´-I-fm iq\y-am-¡m-Xn-cn- ¡bpw sN¿p-¶p. F¦n A\´- Im-e-t¯-b¡p-ambn Aa-c-\m-bn-¯o-cp¶p; AXm-bXv P\v \-a-c-W-cq-]-am-Ip¶ {]]-©-¯nÂ\n¶pw apà-\m-bn-¯o-cp¶p.

2. Xkvssa k tlmhmN bYm KmÀKy aco-Ntbm À¡kymkvXw KÑXx kÀhm GX-kvanw-kvtXtPm aWvUe GIo-`-h-´n. Xmx ]p\x ]p\-cp-Z-bXx {]Nct´y hw l ssh XÕÀhw ]tc tZth a\tkyIo-`-h-Xn. tX\ XÀtlyj ]pcptjm \ irtWmXn \ ]iyXn \ Pn{LXn \ ck-btX \ kv]ritX \m`n-h -ZtX \mZt¯ \m\-µ -b tX \ hnkr-P tX t\bm-btX kz]n-Xo-Xym-N-£ -tX.
Cu a{´- ¯n ]n¸- em-Z-a-lÀjn KmÀKysâ BZy-{]-iv\¯n\v C{]- Imcw adp- ]Sn ]dªp þ ""KmÀKym, kqcy³ AkvXan- ¡p-t¼mÄ B kabw FÃm `mK§fn-tebv¡pw hym]n-

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I ¨p-In-S-¶n-cp¶ {]Imi Inc-W-§Ä F{]-Imcw B {]Im-i]p-RP-¯n ebn¨v H¶m-bn-¯o-cp-¶pthm XnI¨pw AtX v coXn-bn¯s¶ KmV-\n-{Zm-k-a-b¯v \nsâ tNmZy-{]-Im-capÅ FÃm tZh-X-I-fpw, FÃm C{µn-b§-fpw, Ah-bnse kÀÆ-t{i-jvT-amb h\-cq-]-tZ-h-Xbpw AXn hneo-\-ambn X{Zq-]-am-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. AXn-\m B kabw Cu Pohmßmhv {ihn-¡p-¶n-Ã, ImWp-¶n-Ã, {LmWn-¡p-¶n-Ã, kzZn¡p-¶n-Ã, izkn-¡p-¶n-Ã, kv]Àin-¡p-¶n-Ã, kwkm-cn-¡p-¶nÃ, {Kln-¡p-¶n-Ã, Nen-¡p-¶n-Ã. ae-aq-{X-hn-kÀÖ\w \S¯p-¶n-Ã, ssaYp-\-kpJw A\p-`-hn-¡p-¶n-Ã. AXm-bXv B kabw ]¯n-{µn-b-§-fp-tSbpw {]hÀ¯-\-§Ä kÀÆYm \ne-¨n-cn-¡pw. Cu kabw Cu ]pcp-j³ am{Xw Dd-§p¶p F¶p km[m-cW Bfp-IÄ ]d- bp-¶p. kqtcym- Z-b- ¯n IncW-§Ä ho­pw FÃm `mK§fn-tebv¡pw hym]n-¡p-¶-Xpt]mse Xs¶ Ah³ DWÀ¶p-I-gn-ªm ]n¶oSv FÃm C{µn-b§fpw a\-ÊnÂ\n¶pw thÀs]«v AXm-Xp-I-fpsS IÀ½-§-fn hym]r-X- cm-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. kw_Ôw þ C\n KmÀKysâ {]iv\-¯n\p kwt£- ]-ambn D¯-cw- sIm- Sp- ¯n«v c­p a{´- §Ä hgn FÃm C{µn- b-§fpw ebn-¡p-¶-Xn-\p-ta a\-Ênsâ ØnXn F´m-bn-¯o-cp¶p F¶p hnh-cn-¡p-¶p.

3. {]mWm-áb Gssh-X-kvan³]ptc Pm{K-Xn. KmÀl]tXym l hm Gtjm]mt\m hymt\m\zmlmcy ]Nt\m bZv KmÀl-]-XymXv {]Wo-btX {]W-b-\ mZml h\obx {]mW.
B kabw Cu a\p- jy-i-co- c-am-Ip¶ \K- c-¯n A©p{]m-W-c q-] -§ -fmb Aán-I Ä DWÀ¶n-c n-¡ p-¶ p. CXv KmÀKysâ c­m-as¯ {]iv\-¯nsâ kwt£- ]-amb D¯c-am-W.v ChnsS \n{Zbv¡p bÚ-cq]w \ÂIp-¶-Xn\v ]©{]m-W -§sf Aán cq]-¯n hnti-j n-¸ n-¨ n-c n-¡ p-¶ p. bÚ-¯n Aánbv¡v {]m[m\yw Iev]n-¨n-cn-¡p¶p; AXn\m ChnsS kwt£- ]- ambn {]mW-am-{Xsb Aán- bpsS \ma¯n ]d-bp-¶p. F¶m apt¼m«v Cu bÚ-¯nsâ cq]I- ¯n GXp {]mW-hr- ¯nsb GXnsâ Øm\-¯n hn`mh\w sN¿-W-sa-¶-Xns\ kv]jvS-am-¡p-¶p. ico-c¯n bmsXm¶v {]mWsâ A]m- \- hr- ¯n- bm- Ip-¶p-thm, CXp- Xs¶ B bÚ-¯nsâ ""KmÀl-]-Xymán F¶p tXm¶p-¶p. hym\³ Z£n- Wm-án-bm-Ip-¶p. KmÀl-]-Xym-án-cq-]-amb A]m-\-\nÂ\n¶pw {]mW³ DW-cp-¶p. Cu Imc-W-¯m apJy-{]m-W³Xs¶ Cu bÚ-¯nsâ Iev]-\-bn Blh-\o-bm-án-bm-Ip-¶-Xv. F´p-sIm-s­- ¶m bÚ-¯n Bl-h-\o-bmán KmÀly-]-Xy-¯nÂ\n¶pw DbÀ¯n-s¡m­p-hcp-¶p. BZys¯ aq¶mw {]iv\-¯nsâ hni-Zo-I-c-W¯nepw {]mWsâ A¶-cq-]m-lpXn AXn lh\w sN¿s¸-Sp-¶p, Cu hypev]-¯n-h-gn-bmbn Bl-h-\o-bm-án-Xs¶ F¶p ]d-bp-¶p.

bmsXm¶v apJy-{]m- Wsâ izmtkm-Ñzm- k-cq-]-¯n icoc-¯n\p shfn-bn t]mhp-Ibpw DÅn-tebv¡p aS-§n-h-cpIpbpw sN¿p-¶pthm AXp-Xs¶ Cu bÚ-¯n BlpXn-bmbn hogp-¶p. Cu Blp-Xn-IÄ hgn bmsXmcp t]mjI-X-Xz-§Ä ico-c¯n- tebv¡p {]th-in-¸n-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p¶pthm Ah Xs¶ tlma-{Z-hy- am-Ip-¶p. B tlma- {Z- hys¯ ico-c-¯nsâ FÃm `mK-§-fnepw Bh-iym-\p-k-cWw ka`m-h¯n F¯n-¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ Npa-Xe kmam-\y-hm-bp-hntâ-Xm-Wv. AXn-\m AXns\ kam-\-hmbp F¶p ]d-bp¶p. AXp-Xs¶ Cu cq]-I¯n "tlmXm' þ lh\w \S¯p¶ EXzn¡v þ BIp-¶p. Aán-cq-]-\m-bn-cp-¶n«pw BlpXn-IÄ F¯n-¡p¶ IrXyw \nÀÆ-ln-¡p-¶-Xn-\m CXns\ "tlmXm' sh¶p hnfn-¡p- ¶p. BZyw ]d- b-s¸« a\Êp Xs¶ bP-am-\\pw DZm-\-hm-bp-Xs¶ B bP-am-\sâ A`o-jvS-^ehpw BIp¶p; F´p-sIm-s­-¶mÂ, F{]-Imcw tlmaw \S-¯p¶ bP-am-\s\ AXnsâ A`o-jS-^ew X¶n-te-¡mv IÀjn¨v IÀ½-^ew A\p-`-hn-¡p-¶-Xn\p IÀ½m-\p-kr-Xambn kzÀ¤mZn temI-§-fn-tebv¡p sIm­p-t]m-Ip-¶pthm AtX-{]-Imcw Xs¶ Cu DZm-\-hmbp a\-Êns\ Znh-kwtXmdpw \n{Zm-ka-b¯v AXnsâ IÀ½^e-¯nsâ t`mK kzcq- ]-amb {_Ò-tem-I-¯n ]c-am-ßm-hnsâ \nhm- k-Øm\-cq-]amb lrZb Kpl-bn-te-b¡p Iq«n-s¡m­p t]mIp¶p. AhnsS Cu a\-Êp-hgn Pohm-ßmhpw \n{Zm-P-\n-X-amb hn{i- a-kpJw A\p-`-hn-¡p¶p; Fs´-¶m Pohm-ßm-hnsâ \nhm-kØm-\hpw AXp-X-s¶- bm-Ip-¶p. ChnsS "{_Ò KabXn' F¶-Xp-sIm­v \n{Zm-P-\n-X-amb kpJw {_Ò-{]m]vXn sIm­p-­m- Ip¶ kpJ-¯nsâ bmsXm-cw-i-¯nepw Xpe\w sN¿p-hm³ Ign-bp-sa¶p a\-Ên-em-¡-cp-Xv. F´p-sIm-s­¶m CXm-Is« Xma-k-kp-J-am-Wv. F¶m ]c-{_-Ò]-cta-iz-csâ {]m]vXn-sIm-­p-­m-Ip¶ kpJw aq¶p KpW§Ä¡pw AXo-X-am-Ip-¶p. kw_Ôw þ C\n aq¶m-as¯ {]iv\-¯nsâ D¯-cw.

K

5. Ass{Xj tZhx kz]vt\ aln-am-\-a-\p-`h-Xn. bZv ZrjvSw ZrjvS-a-\p-]-iyXn {ipXw {ipX-ta-hmÀ°-a\p-ir-tWm-Xn. tZi-Zn-K-´-sscÝ {]Xy-\p-`qXw ]p\x ]p\x {]Xy-\ p-` -hXn ZrjvSw NmZrjvSw N {ipXw Nm{ipXw Nm\p-`qXw Nm\-\ p-` qXw N k¨m-k ¨ kÀÆw ]iyXn kÀÆx ]iy-Xn.
GXp tZhX kz]v\s¯ ho£n-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p¶p F¶pÅ KmÀKy-ap-\n-bpsS aq¶m-as¯ tNmZy-¯n\v ]n¸em-Z³ C{]-Imcw adp-]Sn ]d-ªp. Cu kz]v\ m-h-Ø-bn Pohm-ß m-hp-X s¶ a\Êpw kq£vta-{µn-b-§fpw hgn Xsâ hn`q-XnIsf A\p-`-hn-¡p¶p. CXn\p ap³]v A§n§p I­Xpw tI«Xpw A\p-`hn¨XpsaÃmw Xs¶ kz]v\-¯n IqsS-¡qsS ImWp-Ibpw tIÄ¡p-Ibpw A\p-`hn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. F¶m Pm{K-Z-h-Ø-bn Ah³ F{]-Imcw GXp coXn-bn GXp Øe¯v GXp-kw-`-hs¯ ImWp-Itbm tIÄ¡p-Itbm

N

4. bZp-Ñzm-k\n-Èzm-km-th-Xm-hm-lp-XoXn kaw \bXo kk-am-\. at\m lhmJ bP-am-\x. CjvS-^-eta-thmZm-\x. k G\w bPm-\-a-l-clÀ {_Ò Ka-b-Xn, -

P

186

I A\p-`-hn-¡p-Itbm sNbvXn-«pt­m AtX-{]-Imcw Xs¶

N hmIvN hàhyw N lkvXu NmZm-Xhyw tNm]AXp kz]v\-¯nepw A\p-`-hn-¡Ww F¶p \nb-a-sam-¶p- Ø-Ým-\-µbn-Xhyw N NbqÝ hnkÀÖ-bn-Xhyw an-Ã. F¦nepw kz]v\-¯n Pm{K-Z-h-Ø -bnse GsX-¦nepw N ]mZu N K´hyw N a\-Ýa-´hyw N _p²nÝ kw`-h-¯nsâ GsX¦nepw Awiw atä-sX¦nepw kw`-h- t_m²hyw Nml-¦m-c-Ýmlw IÀ¯hyw N Nn¯w ¯nsâ Awi-hp-am-bn-t¨À¶v Hcp ]pXnb cq]-¯n A\p- N tNX-bn-Xhyw N tXPÝ hntZym-X-b n-X hyw N `-h-s¸-Sp-¶p. AXn-\m kz]v\-Im-e-¯n I­Xpw ImWm- {]mWÝ hn[m-c-bn-Xhyw N.
¯Xpw ImWp-¶p. tI«Xpw tIÄ¡m-¯Xpw tIÄ¡p¶p, A\p-`-hn-¨Xpw A\p`hn-¡m-¯Xpw A\p-`-hn-¡p¶p F¶p ]d-b-s¸-Sp-¶p. DÅXpw CÃm-¯-Xp-amb hkvXp-¡-sfbpw kz]v\-¯n ZÀin-¡p-¶p. C{]-Imcw kz]v\-¯n hnNn{X- co-Xn-bn kw`-h-§sf IqsS-¡qsS A\p-`-hn-¨p-sIm-­ncn-¡p-Ibpw kzbw Xs¶ FÃm-am-bn«v ImWp-Ibpw sN¿p¶p. B kabw Pohm-ßm-hns\ IqSmsX asäm-¶p-ap-­m-bncn-¡p-¶n- Ã.

K

Øqe-kq£va ]© alm-`q-X-§Ä, ]¯n-{µn-b-§fpw Ah-bpsS hnj-b-§-fpw, \mep {]Im-c-¯n-epÅ A´x-I-cW-§fpw Ah-bpsS hnj-b-§fpw AXp-t]mse A©p-X-c¯nÂs¸« {]mW-hm-bp¡Ä Ch-sbÃmw ]c-am-ßm-hns\ B{i-bn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. Øqe-amb ]rYznbpw AXnsâ ImcW-amb KÔ-hpw, Øqe-P-e-X- Xzhpw AXnsâ Imc-W-amb ck-am-{X-bpw, Øqe-tX- P-kX- Xzhpw AXnsâ Imc-W-amb v cq]-hpw, Øqe-hmbp XXzhpw AXnsâ Imc-W -amb 6. k bZm tXP-k m-`n-`qtXm `h-X y-ss{Xj tZhx kv]Ài-\-hpw, Øqem-Im- ihpw AXnsâ Imc-W-amb i_vZk z] v\ m¶ ] i y- X yY X s s Z- X - k van³ i c oc hpw, C{]-Imcw X§-fpsS Imc-W-k-ln-X-amb ]©-`q-X-§fpw, t\t{X-{µn-bhpw AXp-hgn-bmbn ImW-s¸-Sp¶ hkvXpGXÕpJw `h-Xn. ¡-fpw, t{imt{X-{µn-bhpw AXp-hgn Bkz-Zn-¡-s¸-Sp¶ KmÀKy-ap\n \mem-as¯ tNmZyw C{]-Imcw tNmZn-¡p]pfn¸pw a[p-chpw Bb FÃm ck-§-fpw, XzKn-{µn-bhpw ¶p. ""\n{Z-bn kpJ¯nsâ A\p-`hw BÀ¡p- ­m-Ip¶p?'' AXp-hgn kv]Àin-¡-s¸-Sp¶ FÃm ]ZmÀ°-§-fpw, hmKnAXn\p ]n¸-em-Z³ adp]Sn ]d-bp¶p þ \n{Zm-k-a-b¯v Cu {µn-bhpw AXp-h-gn-bmbn D¨-cn-¡-s¸-Sp¶ FÃm i_vZ-hpw, a\Êv DZm-\-hm-bp-hn-¶-[o-\-ambn `hn-¡p-t¼mÄ AXm-b-Xv. c­p-I-c-§fpw AXp-hgn ]nSn-¡-s¸-Sp¶ FÃm hkvXp-¡DZm-\-hmbp Cu a\-Êns\ Pohm-ßm-hnsâ hmk-Øm- \-amb fpw, c­p-]m-Z-§fpw AXnsâ {]m]y-Ø m-\-§-fpw. Kp]vtXlrZ-b-¯n F¯n¨v taml-hn-h-i-am-¡p-t¼mÄ, B \n{Zm{µn-b-§fpw ssaYp-\-kp-J-hpw, KptZ-{µn-bhpw AXp-hgn h-Ø-bn Pohm-ßmhv a\Êp hgn-bm-bpÅ kz]v\-kwhnkÀÖn-¡-s¸-Sp¶ ae-hpw, a\Êpw AXp-hgn a\\w `h§sf ImWp-¶n- Ã. B kabw \n{Zm-P-\n-X-amb kpJmsN¿-s¸-Sp¶ FÃm hkvXp-¡-fpw, _p²nbpw AXp-hgn \p-`hw Pohm-ßm-hn\p Xs¶ D­m-Ip-¶p. Cu ico-c-¯n {Kln-¡-s¸- Sp¶ FÃm km[- \-§-fpw, Al-¦m- chpw AXnsâ kpJ-Zpx-J-§sf A\p-`hn-¡p-¶Xv {]tXy-Im-hØ-bn hnjb§fpw, Nn¯hpw AXp-hgn N´n-¡-s¸-Sp¶ FÃm {]Ir-Xn-Ø-]p-cp-j³ þ Pohm-ßm-hp-X-s¶- bm-Ip-¶p. kwK-Xn-I-fpw, {]`m-hhpw AXn \n¶p {]`m-hn-X-am-Ip¶ 7. k bYm tkmay hbmwkn hmtkm-hr£w kw hkv X p¡fpw C§s\ ]©- h r- ¯ n- I - t fmSp IqSnb {]Xn-jvTt´ Ghw l ssh XXv kÀhw ]c Bß- {]mW\pw AXp-hgn-bmb Poh³ ]IÀ¶p hln-¡-s¸«p \n-k w-{]-X n- jvT -t X. sIm­n-cn-¡p¶ FÃm ico-c-§fpw FÃmw CXnsâ Imc-WKmÀKy-ap-\n-bpsS A©m-as¯ tNmZyw þ ""Cu a\-Êv, `q-X-\mb ]c-ta-iz-s\-¯s¶ B{i-bn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. _p²n, C{µn-b-§Ä, {]mW³ þ FÃmw F´n ØnXn-sN- 9. Gj ln {ZjvSm kv{]jvSm t{imXm {LmXm ck¿p¶p? Bsc B{i-bn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p.'' AXn\v C{]-Imcw bnXm a´m t_m²m IÀ¯m hnÚ m- \ mßm alÀjn adp-]Sn ]d-bp-¶p. ]pcpjx k]tc £c Bß\n kw{]-Xn-jvT-tX. {]nb-s¸« KmÀKy, BIm-i-¯n ]d¶p k©-cn-¡p¶ ]£n-K-W-§Ä kmbw- Imew aS§n X§-fpsS \nhm-k- Øm\¯p kpJ-ambn tNt¡-dp-¶-Xp-t]m-s e, ]rYzn-ap-X {]mW³h-sc-bpÅ XXz-§-f-{Xbpw ]c-{_-Ò]p-cp-tjm-¯-a\n þ AJn-e-¯n-tâbpw Bßm- hm- bn- «p- Å- Xn þ B{ibw tXSp-¶p. F´p-sIm-s­- ¶m Ch-sb-Ãm-¯ntâbpw GIamb B{ibw At±lw Xs¶-bm-Ip-¶p. ImWp- ¶ Xpw kv ] Àin-¡ p-¶ Xpw {ihn- ¡ p-¶ Xpw LvdmWn-¡p-¶Xpw a\\w sN¿p-¶Xpw {Kln-¡p-¶-Xp-amb FÃm k¼qÀt®-{µn-b§-fpw, a\Êv hgn-bmbn kakvX IÀ½-§fpw sN¿p¶ hnÚm-\-kz-cq-]-]p-cp-j³ þ Pohmßmhv þ BIp-¶p. Cu ]ca Ahn-\m-inbpw AJn-e-¯ntâbpw Bßm-hp-a mb ]c-{_-Òp-]p-cp-tjm-¯-a³ Xs¶ FÃm-¯nepw ØnXn-sN-¿p-¶p. At±-ls¯ {]m]n-¡p-¶-Xnt\m-Sp-IqSn hmkvX- hn-I-amb im´n e`n-¡p¶p; AXn-\m CXn-sâbpw ]c-a-amb B{ibw B ]c-ta-iz-c³ Xs¶-bmIp-¶p.

8. ]rYnho N ]rYn-ho-am{Xm Nm]-Ým-t]m-am{Xm N tXPÝ tXtPm-am{Xm N hmbpÝ hmbp am{Xm NmIm-i- Ým-Im-i-am{Xm N N£pÝ {ZjvShyw N t{im{Xw N t{imXhyw N LvdmWw N LvdmXhyw N ckÝ ck-bnXhyw N XzIvN kv]Ài-bn-Xhyw

10. ]c-ta-hm-£cw {]Xn-]-ZytX ktbm l sshX-ZÑm- b -a -i - c o- c - a -t em- l nXw ip{`-a - £ cw thZ- b tX

N

P

187

I bkvXp tkmay. k kÀÆÚx kÀtÆm `h-Xn.
XtZj tÇmIx.
bmsXm-cp-¯³ Ombm-c-ln-X \pw Nph¸pw aªbpw BbpÅ FÃm hÀ®-§-fn \n¶pw cln-X\pw Bb hnip²\pw Ahn-\m-in-bp-amb ]c-ta-iz- cs\ Adn-bp-¶ pthm; Ah³ B ]c-am-£c ]c-a-ßm-hn-s\-¯s¶ {]m]n-¡p-¶p. CXn Aev] w-t]mepw kwi-b -¯ n-\ -h-I m-i -an-à . tl tkmay, bmsXm-cp-¯³ C§-s\-bm-Ip-¶pthm AXm-bXv Bsc-¦nepw B ]c-{_Ò ]c-ta-iz-cs\ {]m]n-¡p-¶pthm Ah³ kÀÆ-Ú \pw kÀÆ-c q-]\pw Bbn-¯o-cp-¶p. ASp¯ a{´w Cu hnj-bs¯ kw_-Ôn-¨p-Å-Xm-Ip-¶p.

11. hnÚm-\mßm kl tZsshÝ kÀssÆx {]mWm `qXm\n kw{]-Xn-jvT´n b{X. XZ-£cw thZ-btX bkvXp tkmay k kÀÆ-Ú-ÊÀÆ-ta-hm-hn-th-ti-X n.
AJn- e¯n-tâbpw ]c-a-Im- c-W-\mb ]c-ta-iz-c-\n kakvX {]mW\pw ]©-a-lm-`q-X-§fpw kakvtX{µnb-§tfmSpw A´x-I-c-W-§-tfmSpw IqSnb Pohm-ßmhpw FÃmw B{ibw {]m]n-¡p-¶p. B ]c-am-£-c-amb Ahn-\m-in-]-cam-ßm-hns\ bmsXm-cp-¯³ Xncn-¨-dn-bp-¶pthm Ah³ kÀÆ-Ú-\m-Ip-¶p, AXp-t]mse kÀÆ-cq-]-\mb ]c-ta-izc-\n {]hn-jvS-\m-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. C{]-Imcw Cu NXpÀ°{]iv\w kam-]n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p.

BIp¶p; A]-c-{_-Ò-am-Ip-¶p. Cu Htc HmwIm-c-¯nsâ P]w, kvac-Ww, Nn´\w Ch-s Im­p am{Xw X§-fpsS A`ojvS-kn-²nsb B{K-ln-¡p¶ hnÚm-\-k-¼-¶-·m-cmb a\pjyÀ At±-ls¯ {]m]n-¡p-¶p. AXm-bXv bmsXmcp¯³ ]c-ta-iz-csâ hncmSv kzcq-]-s¯, Cu PK-¯nsâ sFizcy-a-b-amb GsX-¦nepw AwKs¯ {]m]n-¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ CÑtbm-Sp-IqSn HmwIm- c-s¯, D]m-kn-¡p-¶pthm Ah³ kz´w `mh-\-bv¡-\p-k-c-W-ambn hncmSv kzcq-]-amb ]c-ta-iz-csâ GsX-¦nepw AwKs¯ {]m]n-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. bmsXmcp-¯³ CXnsâ A´- cym-anbpw Bßm-hp-amb ]qÀ®-{_Ò ]pcp-tjm-¯-as\ {]m]n-¡p¶Xn\p \njv¡m-a-`m-ht¯m-SpIqSn D]m-k\ \S-¯p-¶pthm Ah³ ]c-{_Ò ]pcp-tjm¯-as\ {]m]n-¡p-¶p.

K

3. k btZy-I-am-{X-`n-[ym-boX k tXss\h kwthZn-Zn-X-kvXqÀ®-tah PK-Xym-a-`n-kw-]-Zy-tX, XartNm a\p-jy-tem-I-ap-]-\bt´ k X{X X]km {_Ò-NtcyW {i²bm k¼t¶m aln-am-\-a-\p-`h-Xn. HmwIm-c-s¯-¸än Nn´n-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p¶ a\p-jy³ hncmSv ]c-ta-iz-csâ `qx, `phx, kzx Cu aq¶p-cq-]§fnÂ\n¶pw `qtem-I-¯nsâ sFiz-cy- ¯n Bk- à-\m-bn«v AXnsâ {]m]vXn- ¡mbn HmwIm-cs¯ D]m- kn-¡p¶p F¦n ac-Wm-\- ´cw Ah³ Xsâ {]m]- Wo- b-amb sFizcy-¯m t{]cn-X-\mbn X¡mew `qtem-I¯n h¶p-tN-cp-¶p. HmwIm-c-¯nsâ BZy-am{X EtKz-Z-kz-cq-]-am-Ip-¶p. AXn\p `qtem-Ihp-ambn _Ô-ap-­v. AXn-\m AXnsâ Nn´IÄsIm­p km[-I\v EtKz-Z-a-{´- §Ä ho­pw a\p-jy-ico-c- ¯n {]th-in-¸n-¡p-hm³ Ign-bp-¶p. Ah³ B ]pXnb a\p-jy-P-·-¯n X]w, {_Ò-N-cyw, `àn-k-¼-¶-amb D¯am-Nm-c- W-§Ä Ch-tbm-Sp-Iq-Snb t{ijvT-a- \p-jy-\mbn AÛpX- I-c-amb sFizcy-§sf A\p- `-hn-¡p-¶p. Ah\p \oN-tbm\n-I-fn Ae-tb­Xmbn hcp-¶n-Ã. Ah³ ac-Wm-\-´cw a\p-jy-\mbn ho­pw ip`-IÀ½-§Ä A\p-jvTn-¡p-¶-Xn kaÀ°-\m-bn-¯o-cp-Ibpw AhnsS \m\m-{]-Im-c-¯n-epÅ kpJ-§sf A\p-`hn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. -

]©-a -{ ]iv \w
1. AY ssl\w ssi_yx kXy-Imax ]{]-Ñ. k tbm l ssh XZv`-K-h-·-\p-tjyjp {]mb-Wm´ tam¦m-c-a-`n-[ym-bo-X. XIaw hmh k tX\ temIw Pb-X o-X n.

Cu a{´-¯n HmwIm-c-¯nsâ D]m-k-\sb kw_Ôn¨v kXy-Im-a³ tNmZyw sN¿p-¶p. bmsXmcp a\p-jy³ BPo-h- \m´w HmwIm-cs¯ icn-bmb coXn- bn D]m- kn-¡p- 4 . AY bZn Zznam- t {X W a\ k n kw ] - Z ytX Ibpw Ah\v B D]m-k-\-hgn GXp temIhpw {]m]n-¡p- tkm´cn£w bPpÀ`n-cp-¶o-btX tkma-tem-Iw. k hm³ Ign-bp-Ibpw Ah\v F´p ^ew-In-«p-Ibpw sN¿p- tkma-temtI hn`q-Xn-a-\p-`qb ]p\-cm-hÀ¯-tX. sa- ¶p-Å-Xn Ah³ PnÚm-kp-hm-bn-cn-¡pw. km[-I³ HmwIm- c- ¯nsâ c­p-am-{X- Isf D]m- kn- ¡p¶p; 2. Xkvssa k tlmhmN GXssZz kXy-Ima ]cw AXm-bXv B hncmSv kzcq-]-\mb ]c-ta-iz-csâ AwK-`q-XN Nm]cw {_Ò btZm-¦ m-c x. Xkva m-Zzn-Zzm-t\tX amb `qx (a-\p-jy-tem-Iw) `phx (kzÀ¤-tem-Iw) Ch c­nss\hm-b- Xt\-ss\-I-Xc at\z-Xn. tâbpw sFiz-cy-¯n Bk-à n-tbm-Sp-IqSn AXn-s \CXnsâ D¯-c-ambn alÀjn ]n¸-em-Z³ ""Hmw'' F¶ ¯s¶ e£y-am¡n Hm¦m-cs¯ D]m-kn-¡p¶psh¦n A£-cs¯ AXnsâ e£y-`q-X- amb ]pcp-tjm-¯-a-t\m-Sp- Ah³ at\m-a-b- amb N{µ-tem-Is¯ {]m]n-¡p¶p; Ahs\ IqSn GIo-I-cn-¨p-sIm­p ]d-bp¶p þ kXy-Im-a, Cu ""Hmw'' bPpÀth-Z-¯nsâ a{´w A´-co-£- ¯n apIÄ`m-K¯p D­-sÃm, AXv Xsâ e£y- `q- X- amb ]c- {_Ò ]c- ta-iz-c-\n N{µ-tem-I-¯n F¯n-¡p-¶p. B hn\m-i-kz-cq-]-t¯m-Sp\n¶pw `n¶-am-Ip-¶n-Ã. AXn-\m CXp-Xs¶ ]c-{_-Òhpw Iq-Snb kzÀ¤-tem-I-¯n \m\m {]Im-c-§-fn-epÅ sFizB ]c-{_-Ò¯nÂ\n¶pw {]I-S-am-Ip¶ hncmSvUv cq]hpw cy-§sf D]-t`mKw sNbvXn-«v, Xsâ D]m-k-\-bpsS ]pWyw -

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I £bn-¨p-Xo-cp-t¼mÄ ho­pw arXyp-tem-I-¯n-te-b¡p-Xs¶ v

N-{I-¯nÂ\n¶pw tamNn-¡-s¸-bp-¶n-Ã. CXnsâ Hcw-K-amb h¶p-tN-cp-¶p. ChnsS Ah\p Xsâ ]qÀÆ-IÀ½m-\p-kr-X- ]rYn-tem-It¯sbm AYhm A´-co-£-t¯-bptam AsÃambn a\p- j y-i -c o-c tam AYhm AXnepw \oN-a mb ¦n aq¶-tem-I-§- fpÄs¸« ka-kvX- P-K- ¯n- tâ-bpt\m A`nem-j-t¯m-Sp-IqSn bmsXm-cp-¯³ D]m-k\ \S-¯p-¶pthm tbm\ntbm e`n-¡p-¶p. bmsXm-cp-¯sâ e£yw Cu PK-¯nsâ Bß-kz-cq-]-amb 5. bx ]p\-tcXw {Xnam-t{X-tWm-an-tXy-tX-ss\-hm-£]c-ta-iz-c-\n-tebv¡vÃmXncn-¡p-¶p-thm, adn¨v bmsXm-cp-cptcW ]cw ]pcp-j-a-`n-[ym-boX k tXPkn kqtcy ¯³ PK-¯nsâ _mly-cq-]-¯n \m{Xw Bk-à-\m-bnk¼¶. bYm ]mtZm-Z-c-kvXzNm hn\nÀap-NyX Ghw ¯o-cp-¶pthm Ah³ At±-ls¯ {]]n-¡p-¶n-Ã. AXp-Iml ssh k ]m]va\m hn\nÀapàx k kma-`n-cp-¶ocaw IqsS-¡qsS P\n-¡p-Ibpw acn-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXpsIm btX {_Ò temIw k GX-kvam-Öo-h-L-\mXv ]cm­n- cn-¡p-¶p. bmsXm-cp-¯³ X³sc ico- c-¯nsâ DÅnepw Xv]cw ]pcn-ibw ]pcp-j-ao-£tX XtZXu tÇmIu ]pd¯pw a[y-`m-K¯pw At±-ls¯ {]m]n-¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ `hXx. A`n-em-j-t¯m-Sp-IqSn Hm¦mcs¯ P]n-¡p-Ibpw kvacn-¡pCu a{´- ¯n "]p\x' i_vZ-{]-tbm-K-¯n \n¶pw Cu Ibpw Nn´n-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶pthm B km[-I³ am{Xw Hcp- Imcyw kqNn-¸n-¨n-cn- ¡p¶p þ D]- cyp-à-amb IY\w A\p- PvRm\ kzcq-]-\mb ]c-ta-iz-cs\ ]ns¶ Hcn-¡epw Xsâ k- cn¨v Cu temI-¯n-tâbpw kzÀ¤-tem- I-¯n-tâbpw sFiz- Ah-Ø- bnÂ\n¶pw hyXn-N-en-¡p-¶n-Ã. cys¯ A`n-e-jn-¨p-sIm­v B ]c-{_-Òs¯ e£y-am¡n 7. EKv`n-tcXw bPqÀ`n-c-´-cn£w HmwIm-cs¯ D]m-kn-¡p¶ km[-I·m-cn Akm-[m-cW kma-`nÀbXv XXvI-htbm th-Z-bt´ km[-I s\ ChnsS hÀ®n-¨ n-c n-¡ p-¶ p. D]m-k-\ -b psS kÀtÆm- ¯- a- amb coXn CXp- X- s¶-bm- Ip¶p þ Cu `mhw {]IXtam-¦m-tc-ssW-hm-b-X-t\-\m-t\zXn hnZzm³ Sn-¸n-¡p-¶-Xn\v Cu a{´- ¯n "F¦nÂ' F¶ ]Zw {]tbmb¯-NvOm-´-a-Pc aar-X-a-`bw ]cw tNXn. Kn-¡-s¸-Sp-¶n-Ã. F´p-sIm-s­- ¶m CXn bmsXmcp hnIHcw-K-s¯- am{Xw e£y-am¡n D]m-k\ \S-¯p¶ km[ev]hp-an-Ã. HmwImcw B ]c-{_-Ò-¯nsâ \ma-am-Ip¶p; Is\ EtKz-Z-¯nse a´- d-§Ä a\p- jy-tem-I-¯n sIm­pAXp- hgn ]c-{_-Ò-]-c- ta-iz-c³ D]m-kn-¡-s¸-Sp¶p F¶v Cu a{´-¯n kv]jvS-am-bp-]-tZ-in- ¨n-cn-¡p- ¶p. bmsXmcp km[- h-¶m-¡p-¶p. c­p-am-{X-Isf D]m-kn-¡p-¶-hs\ AXm-bXv I³ aq¶p-am-{X- I-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb HmwIm-c-kz-cq-]-amb A£-c- PK-¯nsâ Gähpw D¶-X-amb kzÀ¤o-ssb-iz-cy-§sf Zzmcm ]c-{_-Ò-]-c-ta-iz-c s\ D]m-kn-¡p-¶p-thm, Ah³ e£y-am¡n HmwIm-cs¯ D]m-kn-¡p-¶-hs\ bPqÀth-ZkÀ¸w ]S-hp-ambn _Ôw-hn«p t]mIp-¶-Xp-t]m-se-Xs¶ ¯nse a´vd-§Ä N{µ-tem-I-¯n-tebv¡p sIm­p-t]m-IpFÃm IÀ½- _-Ô-§-fn \n¶pw tamN\w {]m]n¨v kÀÆYm ¶p.-bm-sXm-cp-¯³ Ch-bn-seÃmw ]cn-]qÀ®\pw FÃm-¯n\nÀhn-Im-c-\m-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. Ahs\ kma-th-Z-¯nsâ a{´w tâbpw Bß-kz-cq- ]- hp- amb ]c- ta- iz- csâ HmwIm-c-Zzmcm D]mtXtPm-a-ba-Zb kqcy-a-WvU-e-¯n¡qSn sIm­p-t]mbn k\ \S-¯p-¶pthm, Ahs\ kma-th-Z-¯nse a´vd-§Ä kÀtÆm-]-cn-bmbn {_Ò-tem-I-¯n F¯n- ¡p-¶p. AhnsS alm-PvRm- \n-I-fm \m{Xw Adn-b-s¸- Sp¶ {_Ò- tem- I- ¯n Ah³ Poh-k-ap-Zm-b-cq-]\pw tNX-\m-X-Xz-¯m AXy´w F¯n- ¡p-¶p. kw]qÀ®cl- ky-s¯- {K-ln-¨n- «pÅ _p²n-amt{ijvT -\p-am-b-]-c-{ _-Ò-]p-cp-tjm-¯-a s\ {]m]n-¡p-¶p. \mb a\p-jy³ _mly-P-K-¯n Bk-à-\m-ImsX HmwImAt±lw kw]qÀ® PK-¯ns\ Xsâ iàn-bpsS Aev]mw- c-¯nsâ D]m-k-\-h-gn-bmbn kakvX PK-¯n-tâbpw AXva iw-sIm­p hln-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-Ibpw {]]©w apgp-h³ kzcq-]-\mb B ]c-a-im-´\pw FÃm-{]-Im-c-§-fn-ep-apÅ hm]n-¨ n-c n-¡ p-Ibpw A´-cym-a n-c q-] -¯ n AJn-e -¯ n- hnIm-c-§fm cln-X\pw BIp-¶p. Ahn-sS hmÀ²-IyanÃ, tâbpw lrZ-b§-fn hncm-Pn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. C\n- ac- W-an-Ã, `b-an-Ã. Ah³ Aa-c\pw \nÀ`-b\pw AXp-t]mse bpÅ c­p tÇmI-§Ä Cu hnj-bs¯ kv]jvS-am-¡p- ¶p. {ijvT-\mb ]c-a-]p-cp-tjm-¯-a\pw BIp-¶p.

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6. Xnkvtdm am{Xm avdpXyp-aXyx {]bpàm At\ym-\y-kàm A\-hn-{]-bp-àmx. {Inbmkp _mlym-`ym-´c a²y-amkp kayIv {]bp-àmkp \ Iw]tX Úx!!
Cu ImWp-¶Xpw tIÄ¡p-¶Xpw A\p- `- hn- ¡p-¶- Xp-amb HmwImc ]c-{_Ò ]c-ta-iz-csâ PKXv kzcq-]-amb hncmSv kzcq-]w. At±-l¯nsâ hmkvX-hn-Ihpw ]c-am-hn-\m-in-bpamb cq]ta BIp-¶n-Ã; CXv ]cn-hÀ¯-\-kz-`m-h-t¯m-Sp-IqSn-b-Xm-W.v AXn-\m CXn Pohn-¡p-¶-hÀ Aa-c-cm-bn-¯ocp- ¶n-Ã. F{X-am{Xw D¶-X-·m- cm-sW- ¦nÂt¸mepw P\-\-a-c-W-

jjv T -{]iv\w
1. AY ssl\w kptIim `mc-ZzmPx ]{]-Ñ-þ-`-K-hm³, lnc-Wy-\m`x Iukteym cmP-]pt{Xm amap-t]-ssXyXw- {]iv \ a]ypÑX. tjmU- i - I - e w `mc- Z zmP ]pcpjw th°. X-alw Iam-c-a-{_phw \ml-anaw thZ bZy-l-an-aa thZnjw IYw tX \mhm-£y-anXn kaqtem hm Gj ]cn-iqjyXn tbm\rX-a-`n-h-ZXn Xkvam-¶ mÀlm-ay-\rXw hIvXpw. kXpjv Wow cYam-cply {]h-{hm-Px Xw Xzm ]rÑman Izmku-]p-cpj CXn.

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I

]c-{_Ò ]ctaiz-c³ BZy-ambn AJn-e-¯nsâbpw {]mW-cq- ]-amb kÀÆmß lncWy KÀ`s¯ krjvSn¨p. A\´cw ip`-IÀ½- §sf {]hÀ¯n-¸n-¡p¶ `àn þ BkvXnIy-_p²n þsb {]I-S-am-¡n-bn«v {Ia-ambn ico-c-¯nsâ D]mZm-\-`q-X-§-fmb BIm-iw, hmbp, tXP-Êv, Pew, ]vdpYzn F¶o ]©-a-lm-`q-X-§-fp-tSbpw krjvSn \S-¯n. Cu ]© alm- `q-X-§- fpsS {]hÀ¯\w Xs¶- bmWv Cu Zriy- am- \- amb k¼qÀ® {_Òm-WUw. ]©-alm `qX-§Ä¡p-tijw ]cv ta-iz-c³ a\-Ê,v _p²n, Nn¯w, Al-¦mcw þ F¶o \mep kaq-lcq-]-amb A´x-Ic-Ws¯ cNn-¨p. ]n¶oSv hnj-b§-fpsS Úm\-¯n\pw {]hÀ¯-\-¯n-\pw-th­n A©p Úmt\-{µn-b-§-tfbpw XYm A©p IÀt½-{µn-b-§-tfbpw krjvSn-¨p. AXn-\p-tijw Pohn-I-fpsS ico-cØn-Xn-¡pth­n A¶-t¯bpw AXnsâ ]cn-]mIw hgn-bmbn iàntbbpw krjvSn-¨p. AXn\pw tijw A´x- I-c- W-¯n-tâbpw 2. Xkvs sa k tlmhm- N . Cssl- h m-´ x-i - c otc C{µn-b-§-fp-tSbpw kwb-a-cq-]-amb X]-Êns\ BhnÀ`-hntkmay k ]pcptjm bkvan-t¶Xmx tjmUi Iemx ¸n-¨p. D]m-k-\-bv¡p-th­n `n¶-§-fmb a{´-§-tfbpw {]`-h -´ o-Xn. Iev]n-¨p. A´x-I-c-W-¯nsâ kwtbm-K-t¯m-Sp-IqSn C{µn]Xn-\m-dp-I-eItfmSp IqSnb ]pcp-js\ e£y-am- {X-ambn b- §Ä hgn \S- ¯-s¸-Sp¶ IÀ½-§sf \nÀ½n-¨p. Ah- bpsS Ah-X- cn-¸n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. ]n¸-emZ alÀjn ]d- ªp. "{]nb-s¸« hnhn-[-§-fmb ^e-cq-]-t¯m-Sp-IqSnb temI-§sf krjvSnkptI-im, GsXmcp ]c-{_Ò ]c-ta-iz-c-\n \n¶pw ]Xn- ¡p-Ibpw Ah-bpsS FÃm-¯n-tâbpw \ma-cq-]-§-tfbpw \mdp Iem kaql k¼qÀ® PKZv cq]-am-Ip¶ At±-l- cNn-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXp.-C-§s\ ]Xn-\mdp Ie-I-fm bpà¯nsâ hncmSv icocw D¸-¶-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm B ]ca amb Cu {_Òm-WvUs¯ krjvSn-¨n«v Pohm-ßm- hp- k-lnXw ]pcp-j³ \½psS Cu ico-c-¯nsâ DÅn Xs¶ hncm-Pn- ]c-ta-iz-c³ kzbw CXn {]th-in¨p; AXn-\m At±lw ¨p-s Im-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. At±-ls¯ At\z-j n¨v A\y{X ]Xn-\mdp IeItfmSp-Iq-Snb ]pcp-j³ F¶p hnfn-¡-s¸-Spt]mtI­ bmsXm-cm-hiy-hp-an-Ã. a\p-jysâ lrZ-b-¯n ¶p. \½psS Cu a\p-jy-i-co-chpw {_Òm-WvU-¯nsâ ]c-am-ßm-hns\ {]m]n-¡p-¶Xn-\pÅ Xo{h-amb A`n-emjw Xs¶ Gähpw sNdnb Hcp amXr-I-bm-Wv. AXn-\m ]c-taPm{K-¯m-Ip-t¼mÄ Ah³ AXns\ Xsâ lrZ-b¯n iz-c³ F{]-Imcw Cu {_Òm-WvU-¯n ØnXn-sN-¿p¶pthm AtX {]Imcw Xs¶ At±lw \½psS Cu ico-cXs¶ I­p-ap-«p-¶p. ¯nepw ØnXn-sN-¿p-¶p. Cu ico-c¯nepw B ]Xn-\mdp kw_Ôw þ B ]c-{_Ò ]pcptjm¯-asâ XXzs¯ a\Ie-Ifpw \ne\n¡p-¶p. B lrZ-b-Ø-\mb ]c-a-tZ-h-]pÊn-em-¡p-¶-Xn\v kwt£-]ambn krjvSn-{I-as¯ hÀ®ncp-tjm-¯-as\ Adn-bp-¶-Xp-X- s¶- bmWv B ]Xn-\mdp Ie¡p¶p þ I-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb ]pcp-js\ Adn-bp-¶-Xv.

kptIi alÀjn Xsâ Aev]-PvR-Xbpw kXy-`m-j-W¯nsâ al-Xzhpw {]I-Sn-¸n-¨p-sIm­v ]Xn-\mdp Ie-I-tfmSp- Iq-Snb ]pcp-js\ kw_-Ôn¨ tNmZyw tNmZn-¨p. At±lw ]d-ªpþ"`K-h³', Hcn-¡Â tImk-e-cm-Py-¯nse cmP-Ip-amc³ lnc-Wy-\m-`³ Fsâ ASp-¡Â h¶n-cp-¶p. Ah³ Ft¶mSp tNmZn¨p þ "`c- Zzm- P, ]Xn-\mdp Ie- I-tfmSpw IqSnb ]pcp-js\ \n§Ä¡-dn-bmtam?' Rm³ Abm-tfmSp kv]jvSambn ]dªp þ ""ktlm-Z- c, Rm\Xv Adn-bp-¶nÃ; Adn-bpam- bn- cp- s¶- ¦n XoÀ¨-bmbpw \n\¡p Rm\Xp ]dªp Xcpam-bn-cp-¶p. ]d-bm-Xn-cn-¡p-¶-Xn\v bmsXmcp Imc-W-hp-anÃsÃm? ]dªp Xcp-¶-Xn-\pÅ CjvS-an-Ãm-bva-sIm-­mWv {]iv\s¯ Rm³ \ntj-[n¨p If-ª-sX¶p \n§Ä a\Ên hnNm-cn-¡-cpXv; F´p- sIm- s­- ¶m Rms\m- cn-¡epw Ifhp ]d-bp-I-bn-Ã. Ifhp ]d-bp¶hsâ hwi-hn-tÑZw kw`-hn-¡p-¶p. Ah\v Cu temI-¯ntem ]c-tem-I-¯ntem bmsXmcp am\y-Xbpw e`n-¡p-¶n-Ã. CXp-tI«v cmP-Ip-am-c³ \nÈ-_vZ-\mbn cY-¯n Ib-dn, h¶Xp-t]m-se-Xs¶ Xncn¨p-t]m-bn. Ct¸mÄ A§-bnÂ\n¶pw B ]Xn-\mdp Ie-ItfmSp IqSnb ]pcp-j-X- Xzs¯ Adn-bp-¶-Xn\v Rm³ B{Kln-¡p-¶p. Zb-hp-sN-bvXv, Ah³ Fhn-sS-bm-av, Ahsâ kzcq]w F´m- W,v F¶pÅ Imcy-§Ä ]d-ªp-X-¶mepw!''

bmsXm¶v D­m-bn-cn-¡p-t¼mÄ Fsâ k¯ kv]jvS-am-IpIbpw sN¿-¯-¡-hn[w GsXmcp XXz-amWv AXn \nt£]n-t¡-­- Xv.

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4. k {]mW-a-kvdp-PX {]mWmÑvd²mw Jw hmbpÀ tPymXn-c m]x ]rYn-ho-{µnbw at\m¶a-¶ m-Zzocyw Xt]m-a{´mx IÀ½ temIm temtIjp N \ma N.

3. k Cu£ mwN- t {I. Ikv a n- ¶ - l - a p- X v { Im´ DXv{Imt´m `hn-j yman Ikvan³hm {]Xn-j vTntX {]Xn-jvTn-k ym-ao-Xn.
alm-kÀ¤- ¯nsâ BZn-bn PK- ¯nsâ cN\ \S-¯nb ]c-a-]p-cp-j³ ]c-ta-iz-c³ Nn´n¨p þ "Rm³ GsXmcp {_Òm-WvUs¯ cNn-¡p-hm-\m-{K-ln-¡p-¶pthm AXn bmsXm-¶n-Ãm-Xn-cn-¡p-t¼mÄ F\n¡v kzb-ambn AXn hkn-¡p-hm³ Ign-bm-¯-hn[w AXm-bXv Fsâ k¯ kv ] jv S -c q- ] - t ¯m- S p-I qSn hyà-a m- I m- X n- c n-¡ p- I bpw

kw_Ôw þ kÀ¤-¯nsâ Bcw-`s¯ hÀ®n-¨n«v ]c-{_Ò-¯ nsâ e£ys¯ {Kln-¸ n-¨ p. C\n {]f-b -¯ nsâ e£ys¯ hÀ®n-¡p¶p þ

5. k btYam \Zyx kyµ- am\mx kap-{ Zm- b Wmx kap{Zw {]m]ymkvXw KÑ´n `ntZytX Xmkmw \macqt] kap{Z CtXyhw t{]mNy-tX. Gh-tahm ky ]cn- { Z- j vS p-c namx tjmUi Iemx- ] p- c p- j m- b Wmx ]pcpjw {]m]ymkvXw KÑ´n `ntZy-tX-Nmkmw \ma-

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] pc pj C tX yhw t{] mN ytX GtjmItemartXm `hXn XtZj tÇmI.

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7. Xm³tlm-hm-ssN-Xm-h-tZ-hm-l-ta-XXv ]cw {_Ò thZ. \mXx ]c-a-kvXo-Xn.

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hnhn[ \ma-§-tfmSpw cq]-§-tfmSpw IqSn \nc-h[n \ZnIÄ F{]-Imcw X§-fpsS DZvK-a-Øm-\-amb kap-{Z-¯n¶`nap-J-ambn ]mªv B kap-{Z-¯n-se¯n AXn hneo-\-ambn-¯o-cp-¶pthm Ahbv¡p kap-{Z-¯n \n¶p {]tXy-Iamb \ma-cq-]-§Ä CÃm-Xp- ¶pthm Ah kap{Zw Xs¶ Bbn¯o-cp-¶pthm AtX-{]-Imcw Xs¶ kÀÆ-km-£nbpw kIe-¯n-tâbpw Bß-kz-cq-]-hp-amb ]c-am-ßm-hnÂ\n¶v DÛhn¨ ]Xn-\mdp IeIfpw (Cu ]qÀ® {_Òm-WUw) {]f-bv Im-e- ¯n X§-fpsS ]c-am-[m-c- amb ]c-a- ]p-cp-j- \n sN¶v AXn¯s¶ hneo-\-am-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. ]ns¶ Chbvs¡m ¶n\pw {]tXy-I-amb \ma-cq-]-§Ä tijn-¡p-¶n-Ã. GI-am{X-\mb ]c-a -]p-cpj ]c-ta-iz-csâ kzcq-]-¯ n Ch XmZmßyw {]m]n-¡p-¶p. AXn-\m At±-l-¯nsâ \ma¯nÂ, At±- l - ¯ nsâ hÀ®- \ - b n Ch- b p- t Sbpw hÀ®\w DÄs¸- Sp-¶p. B kabw ]c-am-ßm-hn bmsXmcp Xc-¯n-ep-apÅ k¦-ev]§Ä Ahtijn-¡p-¶n-Ã. AXn\m At±lw Iem-c-ln-X\pw Aar-X-kz-cq-]\pw BIp¶p F¶p ]d- b-s¸-Sp-¶p. Cu XXz-§sf {Kln- ¡p¶ a\p- jy\pw B ]c- am-ßm- hns\ {]m]n- ¨n«v Iem-c-ln-X\pw Aa-c\pw Bbn `hn-¡p-¶p.

C{Xbpw D]-tZ-in- ¨- Xn\p tijw alÀjn ]n¸- em-Z³ ]ca `mKy-hm- ·m- cmb kptI- imZn Bdp alÀjn-am- scbpw kwt_m[\ sNbvXp-sIm­v ]dªp þ ""Ejn-amtc!, Cu ]c-{_Ò ]c-ta-iz-csâ hnj-b-¯n Rm³ C{X am{Xta Adn-bp-¶pÅq. CXn-\p-]-cn-bmbn aäp bmsXm-¶p-an-Ã. Rm³ \n§-tfmSv At±-l-¯nsâ hnj-b¯n Fs´Ãmw ]d-bW-am-bn-cp¶pthm AsXÃmw ]dªp Ign-ªncn¡p-¶p.'' kw_Ôw þ Ah-km\w IrX-ÚX {]I-Sn-¸n-¨p-sIm­v kptI-imZn ap\n-KWw alÀjnsb ]e-hpcp {]Wmaw sNbvXp-sIm­p ]d-bp¶p þ

8. tX XaÀ¨-b-´kvXzw ln\x ]nXm tbmkvam Iahn-Zymbmx ]cw ]mcw Xmc-b-koXn \ax ]ca Ejn t`ym \ax ]c-a-Ejn`yx C{]-Imcw ]n¸-em-Zm-Nm-cy-\nÂ\n¶pw {_tÒm-]-tZiw kzoI-cn-¨p-sIm­v Bdp alÀjn-amcpw At±-ls¯ ]qPn¨p-sIm­v ]dªp þ ""`K-hm-t\, A§p Xs¶ R§-fpsS bYmÀ° ]nXm-hm-Ip¶p; A§p Xs¶ R§sf Cu kwkmc kmK-c-¯nsâ A¡sc F¯n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. C§s\-b pÅ Kpcp-hn-t\-¡mÄ D]-cn-b mbn thsdmcmÄ¡v F§s\ Kpcp-hm-Im³ Ignbpw? A§p ]c-a-E-jnbpw Úm\ kzcq-]-\p- am-Ip-¶p. A§sb R§Ä \a-kI-cn-¡pv ¶p. ho­pw ho­pw \a-kv¡-cn-¡p-¶p. "A´na hmIy¯nsâ ]p\-cm-hr¯n {KÙ-¯nsâ kam-]Xnsb kqNn-¸nv ¡-¶-Xn-\p-th-­n-bm-Ip-¶p.

6. Acm Ch cY-\m`u Iem bkvan³ {]Xn-jvTnXmx Xw thZyw ]pcpjw thZ bYm am thm arXypx ]cnhyYm CXn.
Cu a{´-¯n kÀÆm-[m-c-amb ]c-ta-iz-cs\ Adn-bp¶-Xn\p t{]cn- ¸n-¨p-sIm­v AXnsâ ^ew P\-\-a-cW cmlnXy-am-sW¶p ]d-bp-¶p. thZ- `-K- hm³ a\p-jy-tcmSp ]dªp þ F{]-Imcw cY-¯nsâ N{I-¯n LSn-¸n-¨n-cn- ¡p¶ FÃm IW-¡m-ep-Ifpw B N{I-¯nsâ a[y-Ø-amb IS-¯nsâ DÅn {]th-in-¡p- ¶pthm Ah-bpsS FÃmw B[mcw ISwX- s¶-bm-Wv. IpS-s¯-¡q- SmsX Ah- bv¡p- d¨p \n¡phm³ Ign-bp-¶n-Ã. AtX-{]-Imcw Xs¶ apI-fn¸-dª {]mWmZn ]Xn-\mdp Ie-IÄ¡pw bmsXm¶v B[m-c-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶pthm Cu FÃm Ie-Ifpw bmsXm-¶ns\ B{i-bn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶pthm bmsXm-¶n \n¶p-Û-hn-¡p-Ibpw bmsXm-¶n hneo-\-amIp-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p-thm, At±lw Xs¶ Adn-b-s¸-Sp-hm³ tbmKy-\mb ]c-{_Ò ]c- ta-iz-c³. B kÀÆm-[m-c-\mb ]cam-ßm-hns\ a\-Ên {Kln-¡-Ww. At±-ls¯ a\-Ênem¡n¡gn-ª m \n§Ä ac- Ws¯ `b-s¸-Sp-Ibn-Ã, ]n¶oSv arXyp-hn\p \n§sf P\-\-a-cW kwkm-c-¯nÂs¸Sp¯n ZpxJn-¸n-¡p-hm³ km[n-¡p-¶-X-Ã. \n§Ä Fs¶-t¶bv¡p-ambn Ac-\m-bn-¯o-cpw.

im´n-] mTw
Hmw `{Zw IÀt®`nx {iWp-bma tZhm `{Zw ]tiy am£m-`n-cy-P{Xmx Ø ns sc - c - M vss K- k vXp- j vSphmw k kvX- \ q`nÀhytia tZh-lnXw bZmbpx kzkvXn \ Ct{µm hr²-{ihmx kzkvXn \x ]pjm hniz-thZmx kzkvXn \kvXmÀt£ym Acn-jvS-t\anx kzkvXn t\m _rl-kvX-]nÀZ-[m-Xp. Hmw im´nx ! im´nx ! im´nx !!!
CXnsâ AÀ°w Cu D]-\n-j-¯nsâ Bcw-`-¯n sImSp¯n- «p-­ v.

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OmtµmtKym]\n-j¯v 3 1
H¶mw JÞw
Hman-tXyX Z£c apZvKoY ap]m-knX; Hmanþ Xn lyqZvKm-bXn; Xtkym-]hym-Jym\w DXvKoYsa¶p ]d- bp¶ "Hmw' F¶pÅ A£- cs¯ D]mkn-¡- Ww. ""Hmw'' F¶p DZvKoXw sN¿p-¶p. AXnsâ þþ "B' A£-c-¯nsâ þþ D]-hym-Jym\w Bcw-`n-¡p-¶p. "E¡v' F¶p ]d-bp-¶Xv hm¡p-X-s¶-bm- Ip- ¶p. "kmaw' F¶Xv {]mW-\m-Ip-¶p. DZvKoYw "Hmw' F¶pÅ A£-c-amWv. hm¡pw {]mW\pw E¡pw kmahpw GXmtWm AXv "anYp\'amIp-¶p.

XtZX·nYp\ tamantXy Xkvan-¶-£-tcþ kwkr-PytX; bZm ssh anYp\u kam-K-ÑX B]-btXm ssh Xm]þ t\ym\yky Imaw.
A§n-s\-bpÅ Cu anYp\w "Hmw' F¶pÅ A£-c¯n tNÀ¶n-cn-¡p-¶p. Gt¸m-gmtWm anYp- \-§Ä kwtbmPn-¡p- ¶Xv At¸mÄ AhÀ ]c-kv]cw Imtam-Õp- I- cm- bn-¯ocp¶p F¶Xv {]kn-²-am-W.v

D] þþ Gjmw `qXm\mw ]rYnhn ckx ]rYnhym B t]mck:, A]m-tam-j-[tbm ck, Huj-[o\mw ]pcp-tjm-ckx ]pcp-jky hm{K-tkm, hmN E{K-k, ENx kma-ckx kmav\ DZvKotYm ckx
Cu `qX-§-fpsS ckw ]rYn-hn-bm-Ip-¶p. ]rYn-hn-bpsS ckw A¸p-Ifm-Ip-¶p. A¸p-IfpsS ckw Huj-[n-I-fm-Ip¶p. Huj-[n-I- fpsS ckw ]pcp-j-\m-hp-¶p. ]pcp-jsâ ckw hm¡mIp¶p. hm¡nsâ ckw E¡m-Ip-¶p. E¡nsâ ckw kma-am-Ip-¶p. kma-¯nsâ ckw DZvKo-Y-am-hp-¶p.

B]-bnXm l ssh Imam\mw `hXn b GX-tZhw hnZym-\-£-c-ap-ZvKo-Yapþ ]mkvtX
BcmtWm C{]-Imcw Adnªv Cu A£-c-am-Ip¶ DZvKo-Ys¯ D]m-kn-¡p-¶Xv Ah³ Ima-\-Isf ssIh-cn¡m³ {]m]vX-\m-Ipw.

k Gj ck\mw ck-Xax ]cax ]cm-t²ym f- ãtam f bZp-ZvKoY:
GXmtWm DZvKoYw A§n-s\-bpÅ F«m-a-t¯-Xmb Cu HmwImcw At§ Aäs¯ ck-h pw, ]c- a - h pw, t{ijvThpw, ]c-am-ßm-sh-¶pÅ Øm\-¯n\v AÀl-hp-amIp-¶p.

XZzm GX-Z-\p-Úm-£cw; b²nIn þþ ©nZ-\p-Pm-\m-tXym-antXy hX-Zml; Gþ tjm Gh kar-²nÀ¿-Z-\pÚm; kaÀ² bnXm ssh Imam\mw `h-Xnb GX tZhw hnZzm-\-£c apZvKoY ap]mkvtX
A§n-s\-bpÅ Cu HmwImcw A\p-Úm-cq-]-amb A£-c-am-Ip-¶p. GXmtWm GsX-¦n-ep-sam-¶ns\ A\p-hZn-¡p-¶Xv AXns\ Hmw F¶p-Xs¶ ]d-bp-¶p. GXmtWm A\pÚ AXp Xs¶ kar-²n-bm- Ip-¶p. bmsXm-cp-h³ C{]Im-c-a-dnªv Cu A£-c-am-Ip¶ DZvKo-Ys¯ D]m-kn-¡p¶pthm Ah³ Ima-§-fn kaÀ°-\m-bn-Xo-cp-¶p.

IX-am-I-X-aÀIv IX-aXv IX-aXv kma, IXax IXa DZvKoY CXn-hn-arãw
E¡v GXmWv? kmaw GXmWv! DZvKoYw GXmWv F¶v hnaÀin-¡-s¸-«n-«p-­v.

hmtK-hÀIv {]mWx ktam-antXy XZ£c þþ aZvKoY: XZzm GX-·n-Yp-\w, bZzm¡v N {]mW-ÝÀIv N kma N.

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tXt\bw {Xbo hnZym-hÀ¯-tX, HmanXym {im]-b-tXym-anXn iwktXym anXypZv KmbtXyþþ Xssky-hm-£-c-kym]-NnssXy alnav\m ctk\
{]Ir-X-amb Hmw F¶ A£- cw-sIm­p Cu {Xbo-hnZy \S-¡p-¶p. Hmw F¶v B{im-hWw sN¿p-¶p. Hmw F¶p iwkn-¡p- ¶p. Hmw F¶v DZvKm\w sN¿p-¶p. AXv Cu A£c- ¯nsâ Xs¶ A]-NnXn (]q-P)-b¡m-bn-«pw, aln-a- sIm­pw v ckw sIm­p-am-Ip-¶p.

Xkvam-¯tbm `bw hZXn kXyw Nm \rXw N; ]m]va\m tljm-hn-²m, AYl N{ip-cp-ZvKoY ap]mkmw N{Iotc; X²m-kpcx ]m]va\m hnhn[p- kvXkvam-t¯t\m `bw ]iyXn ZÀi-\o-þþ bwN, ]m]va-\m-tly-X-Zzn-²w. AYl t{im{X-ap-ZvKoY a]mkmw N{Iotc; X²m-kpcx ]m]va\m hnhn[p Xkvam-t¯t\m `bw irtWmXn {ih-Wobw N ]m]vat\m tlyX Zzn²w. AYl a\ DZvKoY ap]mkmw N{Iotc; X²m-kpcx ]m]va\m hnhn[px Xkvam-t¯t\m `bw k¦-ev]-btX k¦-ev]-\obw Nm k¦-ev]-\obw N; ]m]va\m tlyX-Zzn-²w.

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tX t\m Zu Ipcp-tXm bssÝX tZhw thZ, bÝ \ th-Z, \m\m XphnZym NmhnZym N; btZh hnZybm ItcmXn {i²-tbm-]-\n-j-Zm, XtZh hoÀ¿-h-¯cw `hXn CXn-Jtez Xssky hm £c-tkym-]-hym-Jym\w `hXn
BcmtWm CXns\ C{]-Imcw Adn-bp-¶Xv Ah-\pw, Bcv Adn-bp-¶n-Ãtbm Ah-\pw, c­p-t]cpw Cu A£cw sIm­v IÀ½w sN¿p-¶p. F¶m hnZy-bpw, Ahn-Zybpw `n¶-§-fm-Ip-¶p. GXn-s¶-bmtWm hnZy-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bpw, {i²-tbm-Sp-Iq-S nbpw A[nIw hocy-ap-ÅX m-bn-¯o-cp-¶ p. C§ns\ hn[n-¨Xv Cu A£-c-¯n-sâ-Xs¶ D]-hym-Jym-\am-Ip-¶p.

A\-´cw hm¡mbn DZvKo-Ys¯ D]m-kn-¨v, hm¡ns\ Akp- c-·mÀ ]m]w- sIm­v th[n¨p! A¡m- c- W-¯m hm¡p]-tbm-Kn¨v kXy-t¯bpw Ak-Xy-t¯bpw temIÀ ]dbp¶p! Fs´- ¶m CXv ]m]-¯m hn²-bm-Ip-¶p. A\-´cw N£p-Êmb DZvKo-Ys¯ D]m-kn¨v N£pÊns\ Akp-c-·mÀ ]m]w-sIm­p th[n-¨p. AXn-\m N£p-Êp-sIm­v ImWm³ sImÅm-hp-¶-Xn-t\-bpw, Im Wm³ sImÅm- ¯-Xn- t\bpw temIw ImWp- ¶p. Fs´- ¶m N£pÊv ]m]-¯m th[n-¡-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶p. A\- ´cw t{im{X-ambn DZvKo-Ys¯ D]m-kn-¨p. AXns\ Akp-c- ·-\mÀ ]m]w sIm­v th[n-¨p. AXn-\m t{im{Xw sIm­v tIÄ¡m³ sImÅm-hp-¶-Xn-t\-bpw, tIÄ¡m³ sImÅ- cp-Xm- ¯- Xn- t\-bpw, temIw tIÄ¡p¶p. Fs´- ¶m t{im{Xw ]m]-¯m³ th[n-¡-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶p. A\-´cw a\-Êmbn DZvKoYs¯ D]m-kn-¨p. a\-Êns\ Akp-c-·mÀ ]m]w-sIm­v th[n-¨p. AXn-\m a\-ÊpsIm­p k¦-ev]n-¡m³ sImÅm-hp-¶-Xn-t\bpw k¦-ev]n¡m³ sImÅ-cp-Xm-¯-Xn-t\bpw temIw k¦-ev]n-¡p-¶p. Fs´-¶m a\Êv ]m]-¯m³ th[n-¡-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶p. apJy-{]m-W³ D]m-ky-\m-sW¶v ImWn-¡p-¶-Xn-\m-bn, AXnsâ hnip-²Xzw t_m²y-s¸-Sp-¯p-hm-\m-bn, {ipXn Cu hnNm-cW Bcw-`n-¨p. AXp-sIm­v N£pÊv apX-emb tZhX-Isf {ItaW hnNm-cW sNbvXv ]m]-¯m hn²-I-fmW¶v I­v XÅn-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. ""AY-l-hw, N£pxt{im{Xw, a\x'' CXymZn aäp-Å-sXÃmw ap³]p ]d-ª-Xn-t\mSp Xpey-am-Ip¶p. ChnsS ]d-ªn-«nÃm¯ Xz¡v, ck\ apX- emb tZh- X-Ifpw CXp- t]mse Xs¶-

c­mw JÞw
tZh-kp-cl ssh b{X kwtb-Xnc D`tb {]mPm-]-Xym-kvX²tZhm DZvKoY - amP{lp c t\s\ \m\m`n `hn-jyma CXn.
{]Pm-]-Xn-bpsS ]p{X-cmb tZh-·mcpw Akp-c-·m-cpw, X½n GXp hnj-b¯n ]­p bp²w sNbvXp-thm, AXn tZh-·mÀ CXp sIm­p Akp-c-·msc \ap¡p tXmev]n¡mw F¶p hnNm-cn¨v DZvKo-Ys¯ Bl-cn¨p!

tX l \mknIyw {]mW-ar-ZvKoY ap]mkmw N{Insc; Xw lm kpcx ]m]vav\m hnhn[p; kvXkvam-t¯-þþ t\m`bw Pn{LXn kpc`n N ZpÀ¤Ôn N; ]m]va-\m tly j hn²x
AhÀ \mkn-Ibn-epÅ {]mW-\mbn, DZvKo-Ys¯ D]mkn-¨p. B {]mWs\ Akp-c-·mÀ ]m]w sIm­p th[n-¨p. AXn-\m {]mWs\ ({Lm-Ww) sIm­v kuc-`y-ap-Å-Xnt\bpw ZpÀ¤-Ô-ap- Å- Xn-t\- bpw, {LmWn- ¡p-¶p. Fs´-¶m Cu {]mW³ ]m]-¯m³ th[n-¡-s¸-«p.

AYl hmN apZvKoY ap]mkmw N{Iotc; Xmwlm-kpcx ]m]va\ hnhn[px,

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I bm-Ip-¶p. CXn-\-\p-Iq-eambn ""Gh-ap-J-teXm tZh Xmx ]m]va`nx'' F¶pÅ _rl-Zm-c-WyI {ipXn-bp-ap-­v.

AY-lb Ghmbw apJyx {]mW-kvXþ arKvZo-Yap-]mkmw N{Intc; Xwlm-kpc EXzm hnZ[zw kpÀ¿Ym ivam\ amJ-Wþ arXzmh [zw tkXx

tX\ Xwl _rl-kv]-Xn-cp-ZvKoY ap]m-kmw-Nt{I; GXap Gh _rl-kv]Xn a\yt´ hmKvLn _rl-Xo, Xky Gj-]Xnx tX\ Xw lm ff bmky DZvKo-Y-ap-]m-kmw Nt{I; GXap Gh ff bmkyw a\y´ Bkym-Zym-b-tX.

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AXp-sIm­v _rl-k]Xn B {]mW-\mb DZvKo-Ys¯ v A\-´cw Cu apJ- ¯n- epÅ ""{]mW³'' GtXm AXmbn D]m-kn-¨p. Cu {]m-W- s\-¯s¶ _rl-kv]-Zn-sb¶v hnNmDZvKo-Ys¯ D]m-kn-¨p. Akp-c-·mÀ Ahs\ {]m]n-¨v, B JW- amb Bivas¯ {]m]n¨v \in-¡p- ¶-Xp- t]mse \in- ¨p. cn-¡p-¶p. _rlXn F¶p ]d-bp-¶Xv hm¡m-Ip-¶p. B hm¡n\v {]mW³ ]Xn-bm-Ip-¶p.

Ghw bYm f iva\-am-J-W-arXzm hn[zw kX Ghw sslh khn[zw ktX b Ghw hnZn ]m]w Ima-btX bssÝ \a`n Zmk-Xn-kþ Gtjm f ivamJWx

tXX\w l _tIm Zmevt`ym hnZmw NImc; k l ss\an-io-bm\m apZvKXm _`qh; k l kvssa`yx Imam\m Kmb-Xn.

AXp-sIm­v B {]mWs\ ZÂ`ysâ ]p{X-\mb _I³ C{]-Im- c- a- dn-bp- ¶- h- \nÂ, Bcv ]m]s¯ Iman- ¡p-¶pthm Adn-ªp. Ah³ ss\an-im-cWy-¯n-ep-ÅhcpsS DZvK-Xm- Ah³ C§s\ BJ-Þ- amb Aivas¯ (in- e- sb) {]m]n¨v hmbn `hn-¨p. Ah³ AhÀ¡m-bn, Ima-§sf BKm\w F{]-Im-c-amtWm \in-¡p-¶-Xv, A{]-Imcw Xs¶ \insNbvXp! ¡p¶p! {]mW-hn-¯ns\ Bcv lnwkn- ¡p-¶pthm Ah\pw BKmXm l ssh Imam\mw `h-Xn, C§ns\ \in-¡ pw. A§n-s\-b pÅ Cu {]mW-h n¯v ""Aivam-J-W-am-Ip-¶p.'' b GX-tZhw hnZym-\-£-c-ap-ZvKoY

BJWx = Ipgn-¡m³ _p²n-ap-«pÅ ss\ sshtX-\kp-c-`n, \ZpÀ¤Ôn hnPmþ \mXy-]-l -X-]m-]vam-tlyj t\X-b -Z-iv\ mXn bXv ]n _Xn tXt\ Xcm³ {]mWm-\-hXn GXap Ghm-´tXm hnt¯m {Iam Xn, hymZZmtXy hm´X CXnÂ.

ap]mkvtX; CXy-[ym-ßw.
bmsXm-cp-h-\mtWm C{]-Im-c-a-dn-ªv, Cu A£c-amIp¶ DZvKo-Ys¯ D]m-kn-¡ p-¶ Xv Ah³ Ima-§-sf BKm\w sN¿p-¶-h-\mbn `hn-¡p-¶p. Bß-hn-j-b-amb DZvKoXw D]m-k-\-bm-Ip-¶p.

Cu apJy-{]m-W- s\-s¡m­v kuc-`y-ap-Å-Xns\ Adn-bpAYm[n ssZhXw:þ b Ghmku X]-Xn, ¶nÃ; ZpÀ¤-Ô-ap-Å- Xn-s\bpw temIw Adn-bp-¶n- Ã. Fs´Xap-ZvKo-Y-ap-]m-k oX; DZy³hm Gj-{]þ ¶m Cu apJy-{]m-W³ ]m]w \o§n-bh-\m-Ip¶p! Ahs\-sIm­v F´v Bin- ¡p-¶p-thm, F´v ]m\w sN¿p-¶pPm`ym DZvKm-bXn; DZyw-kvXtam `ba thm, AXp-sIm­v {LmWw apX- em-b, aäp {]mW§sf c£n]l´n; A]-l´m ssh `bky ¡p-¶p. Ah-km-\-Im-e-¯n Cu apJy-{]m-W- s\, apJy-{]mXatkm `hXn b Ghw thZ W- hr-¯n-bmb A¶-]m-\-§sf e`n-¡m-¯-Xp- sIm- ­p-Xs¶ {LmWw apX-emb {]mW-§-fpsS kap-Zmbw icocw hn«pC\n tZh- Xm-hn- j- b- amb DZvKo-tYm-]m- k- \- s¯-¡p- dn¨v ]dt]m-hp-¶p. ac-W-Im-e-¯n hmbv ]nfÀ¡p¶p F¶-XmWv bp-¶p. BcmtWm B X]n-¡p-¶Xv Ah³ Xs¶ DZvKoAS-bm-fw. Ys¯ D]m- kn- ¡- Ww. Ch³ DZn-¡p-¶-h-\m-bn- «v, {]P-IÄ¡pth­n DZvKm\w sN¿p-¶p. DZn¨v Xa-Ên-t\bpw `b-¯nXw ly§vKncm DZvKo-Ym-ap-]mkmw Nt{I; t\bpw \in-¸n-¡p-¶p. bmsXm- cp-h³ C{]-Im- c-a-dn-bp- ¶p-thm, GXap Ghmffþ§v Knckw a\yt´ f §vKm Ah³ `b-¯n-tâbpw Xa-Ên-tâbpw \mi-I-\mbn `hn\mw b{Zkx ¡p¶p! B apJy-{]m-W- \mbn DZvKo-Ys¯ A§v KncÊv D]m-kn¨p. Cu apJy-{]m-W-s\-¯s¶ B§vKn-c-ksa¶v hnNm-cn¡p-¶p. F´p-sIm-s­-¶m AwK§-fpsS ck-am-Ip-¶p. AwK-§Ä¡v {]mW-s\¶ \ne-bn ck-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶-XpsIm-­mWv B§vKnc-k-sa¶v ]d-b-s¸-Sp-¶-Xv. Øm\- t`- Z-¯m {]mW- \pw, BZn- Xy\pw thsd- thsd F¶t]mse ImW-s¸- Sp¶p F¦nepw AhÀ¡v kzcq- ]- t`- Z-anÃ.

aq¶mw JÞw

kam\ D Ghmbw Nm ku tNmjvtWmf bapjvtWmf ku, kzc-C-Xo-aam N£tX

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kzc CXn {]Xym-kzc CXy-apw, XkvamZzm GX ana aapw tNmZvKo-Yap-]m-ko-X. {]mW-\pw, BZn-Xy\pw KpWw sIm­v Hcp-t]m- se-bm- W.v {]mW³ DjvW-\m- Ip-¶p. kqcy\pw DjvW- \m-Ip- ¶p. kzc³ F¶v {]mWs\ ]d-bp-¶p. kzc³ F¶pw {]Xym-kz-c³ F¶p BZn-Xys\ ]d-bp-¶p. AXp-sIm­v {]mW-\pw, BZnXy-\p-amb Cu DZvKo-Ys¯ D]m-kn-¡-Ww.

AY-J-eq-ZvKo-Ym-£-cm-Wyp-] m-k otXm ZvKoY CXn; {]mW Gthm-Xv, {]mtW-\ -lyp-¯n-j vT-Xn, hm¤ox hmtNm-l-Knc CXym-N£-tX, A¶-sY, At¶lo ZwkÀhw ØnXw.

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AY-Jep hym\-ta-thm-ZvKoY

ap]m-koX;

bssZz-{]m-WnXn k{]mtWm; bZ-]m-\nþ Xntkmf ]m\x AYbx {]mWm-]m-\tbmx kÔnx khym\x tbmhym\x km hmIv Xkvam-Z-{]m-W\-]m-\³ hmN-a`n hyml-c-Xn. C\n hym\-\mbn DZvKo-Ys¯ D]m-kn-¡-Ww. {]mW\w sN¿p-¶Xv GtXm, AXp {]mW-\m-sW¶p ]d-bp-¶p. A]am-\n-¡p-¶Xv GtXm B hr¯n hntijw A]m-\-\m-Ip-¶p. {]mW-hr-¯ n-b p-tS-b pw, A]m-\-hr-¯n- bp-tSbpw kÔn GXm-tWm, AXv hym\³ BIp-¶p. hym\³ GtXm AXp hm¡m-Ip-¶p. AXn-\m {]mWn-¡m-sX-bpw, A]-am-\n-¡msXbpw hm¡v D¨-cn-¡p-¶p.

C\n DZvKoYw F¶pÅ DZvKo-Ym-£- c-§sf D]m-kn-¡Ww. {]mW³ Xs¶ DX F¶ A£-c-am-Ip-¶p. {]mW-s\sIm­p FÃmw D°m\w sNbvXn-cn-¡p-¶p. hm¡v Knx F¶ A£-c-am-Ip-¶p. hm¡p-Isf, Kocp-IÄ F¶v ]d-bm-dp-­v. Y F¶ A£-cs¯ A¶- ambn ImW-Ww. CsXÃmw A¶¯n ØnXn-sN-¿p-¶p.

Zyutc-thm, Z´-co£w Kox ]rYn-hoYw; BZnXy Gthm, ZzmbpÀ¤o, cán-Øw; kma-thZ Gthm ZyÖqÀth-tZm-Ko, cytKz-ZØw; ZpKvt² kvssa, hmKvtZmlw tbm hmtNm tZmtlmf ¶]m-\-¶mtZm `hXn b GXm-t\yhw hnZzm-\p-Zn-K o-Y m-c-Wyp-]mkvX DZv-KoY CXn.
tZymhv DXv F¶ A£-c-am-Ip-¶p. B Imcw Ko F¶ A£-c-am- Ip-¶p. ]rYnhn Y F¶ A£-c-am-Ip- ¶p. DXv F¶ A£cw BZn-Xy-\m-Ip-¶p. hmbp Ko F¶ A£-c-am-Ip-¶p. Aán Y F¶ A£-c-hp-am-Ip-¶p. kma-thZw DXv F¶ A£-c-am-Ip-¶p. bPqÀthZw Ko F¶ A£-c-am-Ip-¶p. EtKzZw Y F¶ A£-c-am-Ip-¶p. bmsXm-cp-h³ C{]-Im-c-adnªv DZvKoY F¶pÅ A£-c-§sf D]m-kn-¡p-¶p-thm, Ah- ¶m-bn- «pÅ hm¡v bmsXm-¶m-tWm, hm¡ntâm tZmlw B tZmls¯ tZml\w sN¿p-¶p. am{X-a-Ã, Ah³ hfsc A¶-ap-Åh-\mbpw A¶s¯ B{K-l n-¡p-¶-h -\mbpw Xocp- ¶p.

bmhmIv kÀIv, Xkvam-Z-{]m-W¶\ ]m\-\r-Na-`n-hym-l-c-Xn, bÀIv, XÕm-a, Xkvam-Z-{]m-W¶ -\-]m-\³ kma-Km-bXn bÕm ak DZvKoY kvXkvamZ {]mW-¶-\-]m-\-¶p-ZvKm-b -Xn.
hm¡v GXmtWm AXmWv E¡v. AXn-\m {]mW-hym]mcw sN¿m-sX-bpw, A]m-\-hym-]mcw sN¿m-sX- bpw, EIv D¨-cn-¡p-¶p. E¡v GXmtWm AXp kma-am-Ip-¶p. AXn\m {]mWn-¡m-sX-bpw, A]-am-\n-¡m-sX-bpw, kmas¯ Km\w sN¿p-¶p. kmaw GtXm AXp- Xs¶ DZvKo-Y-am-Ip-¶p. AXn-\m {]mWn-¡m-sXbpw A]m-\n-¡m-sXbpw DZvKm\w sN¿p-¶ p.

AY-Jezmiox kar²n cp]-k-c-Wm-\oXyp hmko-X, tb \ kmav\m kvtXmjy³ kym¯ Xv kmtam-]-[m-th-Xv.
C\n Ima-§-fpsS kar²n F§ns\ D­mIpw? AXns\-¸än ]d-bp-¶p. D]-an-t¡-­-hsb [ym\n-t¡-­-hsb, F§ns\ D]m-kn-¡Ww? GXp {]tXyI kmaw sIm­v kvXpXn-¡p-hm³ t]mIp-¶pthm B kmas¯ D]-[m-h\w sN¿-Ww.

AtXm bm\y-\ym\n hoÀ¿-h´n I½mWn bYm-táÀ½-Ù\-amtPx kcWw Zr[-\y-[-\pj Bb-a-\a {]mW-¶-\-]m\w kvXm\o-I-tcmXn; GX-ky-tltXm Àhym\ tathm-ZvKoY ap]m-k n-X .
AXn-\m Aánsb IS-sª-Sp-¡p-I, Hcp Øm\¯p \n¶v aÕ-cn-t¨m-Sp-I, Dd-¸pÅ hnÃp hen-¡p-I, XpS-§nb IÀ½-§Ä, {]mWm-]m\ hr¯n-IÄ IqSmsX temIw sN¿p¶p. AXn-\m hym\³ Xs¶-bmb DZvKo-Ys¯ D]m-kn -¡-Ww.

bky-arNn Xmar-Nw, bZmÀtjbw Xarjow bmw tZh-Xm-a`n tãmjy³ kymXv Xmw tZh-X m-ap-] -[ m-th-Xv.
GXp E¡n-em-tWm, B E¡n-t\bpw GXp Ejnsb kw_- Ôn-¨mtWm B Ejn-tb-bpw, GXp tZh-Xsb kvXpXn¡p-h m³ t]mIp-¶ pthm B tZh-X -tbbpw D]-[ m\w sN¿-Ww.

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tb\ Oµkm kvtXmjy³ kymX-Xѵ D][m thXv, tb\-kvtXm-ta-\-kvtXmjy amWx kym¯w kvtXma-ap-]-[m-thXv
GXp Oµp- Êp- sIm­v kvXpXn- ¡p- hm³ t]mIp- ¶pthm B Oµ-Êns\ Nn´n-¡-Ww. GXp kvtXmaw-sIm­v kvXpXn-¡phm³ t]mIp-¶pthm B kvtXmas¯ Nn´n-¡bpw thWw.

bZv hm EN-am]vt\m tXymantXy hmXn kzc-tXyhw km ssahw bPq-tcj D kztcm btZ-X-£c taX-Z-arX `bw XXv {]hniy tZhm AarXm A`b A`-h³

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bmw Znia`n-tãm³ky¯mw Zni-ap-]-[m-thXv
GXp Zn¡ns\ A`n-hym-]n¨v kvXpXn-¡p-hm³ t]mIp¶pthm B Zn¡ns\ Nn´n-¡-Ww.

Bß-\-a-´X D]-krXy kvXphoX Imaw [ymb¶ {]at¯mf `ytiml bZwkvssa k Imax kar-t[yX bÂImax kvXpho-X.
HSp-hn Xs¶- ¯s¶ Nn´n¨v Imaw [ym\n-¨p-sIm-­v, {]amZw hcmsX kvXpXn-¡-Ww. bmsXmcp IÀ½-¯nÂ, bmsXmcp Ima-t¯m-Sp-IqSn kvXpXn-¡p-¶p-thm, B IÀ½¯nÂ, B Imaw AXn-thKw kar²n {]m]n-¡pw.

Ft¸mÄ E¡ns\ A²ym-b-\w-sIm­p {]m]n-¡p-t¶m, At¸mÄ "Hmw' F¶p BZ-c-thmSp IqSn D¨-c n-¡-Ww. C§ns\ kmas¯ {]m]n-¡p-t¼mgpw bPq-Êns\ {]m]n-¡pt¼m-gpw, Cu A£cw GXm-tWm, AXv kzc-am-Ip¶p. CXv Aar-X- hpw, A`-b-hp-am-Ip-¶p. CXns\ {]m]n¨n-«v, tZh-·mÀ Aar-X-·m-cm-bpw, A`-b-·m-cmbpw XoÀ¶p.

kb GX tZhw hnZzm-\-£cw {]Wuþ tXyX tZhm-£cw kzc-a-ar-Xa-`bw {]hn-iyXn; XXv {]hn-iy, bZ-arXm tZh-kvX-Z-artXm `hXn
tZh-·m-sc-t¸m-se, bmsXm-cp-h³ Cu A£cw Aar-Xsa-¶pw, A`-b-sa-¶p-apÅ KpW-t¯mSp IqSn Adnªv kvXpXn-¡p-¶p-thm, Ah³ kzchpw Aar-Xhpw A`-b-hpamb Cu A£- c- ¯n¯s¶ {]th-in-¡p-¶p. CXn {]thin-¨n«v tZh-·mÀ, GXv Aar-X-Xz-t¯mSp IqSn-b-h-cmbn `hn¡p-¶p-thm, AtX Aar-X-Xz-t¯mSp IqSn-b-h-\m-bn-¯ocp-¶p.

\memw JÞw
Hman-tXyX Z£-c-ap-ZvKo-Y-ap-]m-knX; HmanXn lypZvKm-bXn Xtkym] hymJym\w
Hman-tXyX F¶p XpS§n {]Ir-X-amb A£-cs¯ ho­pw FSp¯p ]d-ªn-cn-¡p-¶p. CXv DXvKo-Ym- £cw apXem-bhbpsS D]m-k-\-¯nÂ, CS¡p apS¡w h¶-Xp-sIm- ­mWv (""Hm anXym-XXv'' CXymZn H¶mw JÞ-¯nsâ BZnbn hymJym-\n-¨n-«p-­v.)

A©mw JÞw
{]mWm- ZnXy Zrãn- tbmSp IqSnb DZvKo- Y-¯nsâ D]m- k\ ]d-ªXp A\p-h-Zn¨v {]W-h-t¯bpw DZvKo-Y-t¯bpw H¶m¡n AXn {]mW-§-fp-tSbpw civan-I-fp-tSbpw t`Zam-Ip¶ KpW-apÅ Zrãn-tbmSp IqSn-bXpw [mcmfw ]p{X·m-cp-­m-IpI F¶ ^e-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Sn-bXpw Bb A£-c¯nsâ D]m-k\ ]d-bp-¶-Xn-\mbn D¯-c-{KÙw Bcw-`n¡p-¶p.

tZhm ssh artXymÀ_n-`y-X-kv{Xbnw hnZym.. {]mhn-i³; tX Otµm-`n-c-Ñm-Z-b³; btZ`n cÑm-Zbw kvXÑ-µkmw Oµ-kvXzw.
tZh-·mÀ, amc-I-amb Akp-c- ]m-]s¯ `b-s¸-«p-sIm-­v, {Xbo-hn-ln-X-amb IÀ½w Bcw-`n-¨p. AhÀ Oµ-Êp-sIm­v AXns\ ad-¨p. OmZ\w sN¿p-¶Xv bmsXm-¶mtWm AXv, Oµ-Êp-I-fpsS Oµ-Êm-bn-cn-¡p¶ Ah-Ø-bm-Ip-¶p.

AY-Jep b DZvKoYx k {]Whx k DZv KoY CXyku hm BZnXy DZvKoY Gj {]Wh HmanXn tlj-kz-c-t¶Xn
GXmtWm DZvKo-Y-sa¶p ]d-bp-¶Xv AXv {]W-h-am-Ip¶p. AXmtWm {]Whw F¶p ]d-bp-¶Xv AXv DZvKo-Y-amIp-¶p. CXv {]kn-²-am-WtÃm? Cu BZn-Xy³ DZvKo-Y-am-Ip¶p. Ch³ {]W-h-am- Ip- ¶p. F´p-sIm-s­- ¶m Ch³ Hmw F¶p-¨cn-¨p-sIm­p Kan-¡p-¶p. -

Xm\p X{X arXypÀ¿Ym aÕy-ap-ZtI ]cn-]tiy tZhw ]À¿-]-iy-Zr-Nn-kmav\n bPqjn; tX\p hnt¯zmÀ²zm ENx kmavt\m bPqjx kzc-tah {]mhn-i³
B tZh-·m-sc, sshZoI IÀ½w Bcp-`n-¨n-«pw, arXyp DZI-¯n aÕy-s¯, GXp {]Im-c-¯n-emtWm ImWp-¶-Xv, A{]-Imcw E¡nepw kma-¯nepw bPq-Ênepw ImWp-¶p. AhÀ AX-dn-ªn- «v, E¡nÂ\n- ¶pw, kma- ¯n \n¶pw, bPqÊnÂ\n¶pw hymhr-¯-·m- cm-bn-«v, kzc-sa¶p ]d-bp¶ A£c-¯n Xs¶ {]th-in-¨p.

GXap Ghml a`y-Km-kn-jw, Xkvam-·a XztatIm f koXnl Iujo-XInx ]p{Xap hmN; civaowkvXzw ]À¿m-h-¯-bmZv _lpthm sshtX `hn-jy´o Xy[n ssZhX

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Cu BZn-Xy-cq-]amb DZm-KoYw Xas¶ Rm³ B`n-apJy-t¯msS Km\w sN¿p-¶p. AXn-\m F\n-¡v, \o Hcph³ am{Xw D­m-bn-cp-¶p. \o civan-I-fm t`Z-t¯mSp IqSn [ym\n-¡p-¶p. \n\¡v hfsc ]p{X-·mÀ D­m-Ipw. CXv AXnssZ-hX-amb D]m-k-\-bm-W.v -

A´-co£w E¡m-Ip-¶p. hmbp kma-am-Ip-¶p. A§ns\-bpÅ Cu kmaw, Cu E¡n A[yp-V-am-Ip-¶p. AXn\m kmaw E¡n A[yp-V-ambn Km\w sN¿-s¸-Sp-¶p. A´-co£w ""km'' F¶ A£-c-am-Ip-¶p. A´-co-£hpw hmbphpw tNÀ¶Xv kma- am-Ip-¶p.

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AYm-[ymßw þþ b Ghmbw apJyx {]mWkvX apZvKoY ap]m-koX; Hman-Xn-tlyj kzc-t¶Xn
C\n A[ymß {]mW-Zr-ãn-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bpÅ DZvKo-tYm]m-k-\sb ]d-bp-¶p. Cu apJ-¯n-epÅ {]mW³ GtXm, AXmbn Xs¶ DZvKo-Ys¯ D]m-kn-¡-Ww. Cu {]mW³ ""Hmw'' F¶v D¨-cn-¨p-sIm-­m-WtÃm t]mIp-¶-Xv.

Zutc hÀ¤m-ZnXyx kma; XtZX tZXkym ar Ny [yqVw kma, Xkvam ZrNy [yqVw kma-Ko-b-tX, Zyutc-hkm ZntXym f akvXXv kma.
tZymhv E¡m-Ip-¶p. AZn-Xy³ kma-am-Ip-¶p. A§n-s\bpÅ Cu kmaw, Cu E¡nsâ tase-bmbn ØnXn sN¿p¶p. AXp-sIm­p kmaw E¡n A[yq-V-ambn Km\w sN¿s¸-Sp-¶p. tZymhp ""km'' F¶ A£-c-am-Ip-¶p. BZn-Xy³ ""Ba'' F¶ A£-c-am-Ip-¶p. tZymhpw BZn-Xy\pw IqSn-bXv kma-am- Ip-¶ p.

GXap Ghm-l-a-`y-Km-knjw Xkvam ·a-Xz-tatIm f koXnl Iujn-XInx ]p{X-ap-hmN; {]mWmw kvXzw `qam\ a`n-Km-b-XmZv _lthm sshta `hnjy´o-Xn.
Cu {]W-\m- Ip¶ DZm- Ko- Y- s¯- ¯s¶ Rm³ A`n-Km\w sNbvXp. AXn- \m F\n¡v \o Hcp- h³ am{Xsa DÅp F¶v, Ipjo-X-Isâ ]p{X-t\mSp Rm³ ]dªp. F\n¡p hfsc ]p{X- ·mÀ D­m-Is« F¶pÅ A`n-{]m-b-t¯mSp IqSn, \o _lp-Xz-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Snb DZvKo-Ys¯ {]mW-§-fmbn A`nKm\w sN¿q.

\£-{Xm-tWy-hÀIv N{µam: kma XtZ XtZ Xkym ar Ny [yqVw kma Xkvam ZrNy [yqVw kma KobtX; \£-{Xm-tWy-h-kmN {µam Aa-kvXÂ kma A[yqV þ kar-²n-bp-Å, Ib-dp¶
\£-{X-§Ä E¡m-Ip-¶p. N{µ³ kma-am-Ip-¶p. A§ns\-bpÅ Cu kmaw, Cu E¡nsâ tase-bmbn ØnXn sN¿p-¶p. AXn-\m kmaw E¡n A[yq-V-ambn Km\w sN¿-s¸-Sp-¶p. \£-{X-§Ä ""km'' F¶ A£-c-am-Ip-¶p. \£-{X- §fpw N{µ\pw IqSn-bXv kma-am-Ip-¶p.

AY-Jep, b DZvKoYx k {]Wthmbx {]Whx k DZvKoY CXn tlmXrj Z\mss²hm]n Zpcp-ZvKoX a\p kam-lc Xo Xy\p kam-l-c-XoXn
DZvKoYw GtXm AXv {]W-h-am-Ip-¶p. {]Whw GtXm AXv DZvKo- Y-am- Ip- ¶p.- tlm-Xm- hnsâ Øm\¯p \n¶v, sXämb DZvKoYw Xncp-¯n, icn-bm-¡m-sa¶v XoÀ¨-bm-W.v

Bdmw JÞw
Cbta hÀ¤ánx kma; XtZ XtZ-Xky arNy [yqUw kma; Xkvam-Zr-Ny-[ypVw kma-Ko-btX; Cb-ta-h -km-á n-c- a-kvX-X-kma
Cu hrYzn E¡m-Ip-¶p. Aán kma-am-Ip-¶p. A§n-s\bpÅ Cu kmaw, Cu hrYn-hn-bm-Ip¶ E¡nÂ, D]-cn-`m-h¯n Ccn-¡p-¶-Xm-bn, Km\w sN¿-s¸-Sp-¶p. Cu hrYnhn km F¶ A£-c-am-Ip-¶p. Aán Aa-bm-Ip-¶p. hrYnhnbpw Aánbpw tNÀ¶Xv kma-am-Ip-¶p.

AYb tZXZm ZnXy-ky-iq¢w `mx sskhÀ KY b¶oew ]cx IrjvWw XXv kma; XtZ XtZ Xkym arNy [yqVw kma; Xkvam ZrNy [yqVw kma-Ko-btX; AY-btZ sshXZm ZnXyky ip¢w `x sskhkm f Yb-¶oew ]cw IrjvWw XZ akvXXv kma.
AXp-t]mse BZn-Xysâ ip¢-amb Zzo]vXn E¡m-Ip-¶p. \oe-ambn Gähpw \¶mbn ImWp¶ Idp¸v GtXm AXv kma-am-Ip-¶p. A§n-s\-bpÅ kmaw, Cu E¡n AXypV-am-Ip-¶p. AXp-sIm­v kmaw E¡n AXyp-V-ambn Km\w sN¿-s¸-Sp-¶p. C\n BZn-Xysâ ip²-amb Zo]vXn GXmtWm AXv ""km'' F¶ A£-c-am-Ip-¶p. \oe-ambn AXn-i-b-I-c-am-bpÅ ""IrjvW-hÀ®w'' GtXm AXv ""Aa'' F¶ i_vZ-am-Ip-¶p. ip¢-amb Zo]vXnbpw \oe-amb Idp¸pw tNÀ¶Xv kma-am-Ip-¶p.

A´-co£ ahÀKzmbpx kma; XtZX tZXkym ar Ny [yqVw kma; Xkvam ZrNy [yqVw kma-Koþ btX; A´-co-£-tah km hmbp-c-aþ kvXXv kma.

AYb Gtjm f ´cm-ZntXy lnc-×bx ]pcptjm ZriytX lnc-Wyiva {ipÀln-cWy

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tIi B {]W-JmXv kÀÆ Gh kphÀ®x Xky-bYm I]ymkw ]pÞ-co-I-tah a£n-Wo, Xtkym-ZnXn \ma, k Gj kÀtÆ`yx ]m]va`y DZnXx DtZXn l ssh kÀtÆ`yx ]m]vaþ t`ymb Ghw thZ
BZn-Xysâ a²y-¯nÂ, lnc-×- b-\m-b, bmsXmcp ]pcpjs\ ImWp-¶p-t­m, Ah³ lnc-Wym-iva-{ip-hpw, lnc-WytI-i- \pw, \hm{Kw apX apgp-h\pw kphÀ®-\p-am-Ip-¶p. Ahsâ A£n-IÄ, I]n-bpsS ]rã-¯nsâ Xmsg Aäw t]mse-bm-Ip-¶p. Xma-c-¸qhv F§n-s\-tbm, A§n-s\-bm-Ip¶p. Ahsâ \maw Ds¯ F¶m- Ip-¶p. A§n- s\-bpÅ Cu tZh³ FÃm ]m]- §- fn \n¶pw DbÀ¶- h- \m- Ip- ¶p. bmsXmcp-h³ C{]-Imcw Adn-bp-¶p-thm, Ah³ FÃm hn[ ]m]§-fn \n¶pw Db-cp-¶p.

kmaw E¡n A[yq- V-ambn Km\w sN¿- s¸- Sp- ¶p. N£pÊv "km' F¶ A£-c-am-Ip-¶p. Bßmhv "Aa' F¶ i_vZ-amIp-¶p. N£pÊpw Bßmhpw tNÀ¶Xv kma-am-Ip-¶p.

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t{im{X-ta-hˤv a\x kma; XtZ XtZ-kym-ar-Ny-[yqVw kma; Xkvam-ZrNy [ypVw kma-Ko-btX; t{im{X-ta-hkm at\m f akvXXv kma.
t{im{Xw E¡m-Ip-¶p. a\Êv kma-am-Ip-¶p. A§n-s\bpÅ kmaw Cu E¡nsâ taem-Ip-¶p. AXp-sIm­v kmaw E¡n A[yq-V-am- Ibn Km\w sN¿- s¸- Sp-¶p. t{im{Xw "km' F¶ A£-c-am-Ip-¶p. t{im{Xhpw a\Êpw IqSn-bXv kmaam-Ip-¶p.

XkyÀIv N kma N tKjvWu Xkvam-Zp-Zn-KoY kvXkvamt¯z thmZvKm ssXX-ky-ln-KmXm k Gj tb Nmap-jvaXv ]cm-t©mtem ImkvtXjmw tNtã tZh-Im-am\mw tN Xy[n ssZhXw
Ah\v E¡pw, kma-hpw, ap«p-I-fm-Ip-¶p. AXn-\m B tZh³ DZvKo-Y-sa¶p ]d-bs¸-Sp-¶ p. AXp-sIm-­ p-Xs¶ Ds¯¶ \ma-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Snb Cu tZhsâ KmXmhv D¯ns\ Km\w sN¿p- ¶-h-\m- Ip-¶p. A§n- s\-bpÅ Ds¯- ¶p-t]-tcmSp-Iq- Snb Cu tZh³, BZn- Xy\p taepÅ temI-§Ä bmsXm¶m-tWm, Ah-¡pw, tZh-Im-a-§Ä¡pw Cui-\m-Ip-¶p.

AY btZ-X-Z£vWx ip¢w `x sskhÀ KY-b-¶oew ]cw IrjvWw XXv kma; XtZ XtZ Xkym arNy [yqVw kma Xkvam-ZrNy [yqVx kma-Ko-btX; AY-b-tZ-sshX Z£vWx ip¢w `mx sskhkm f Yb-¶oþ ew ]cx IrjvWw XZ-a-kvXXv kma.
AXp-t]mse A£n-bpsS Cu ip¢-amb Zzo]vXn GtXm AXv E¡m-Ip-¶p. \o-e-ambpw Gähpw IrjvW-am-bp-ÅXv GtXm AXv kma-am-Ip-¶p. A§n-s\-bpÅ Cu kmaw Cu E¡n A[yq-V -am-b n-c n-¡p-¶p. AXp-sIm­p kmaw E¡n\v taem-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. kmaw E¡n\p taembn Km\w sN¿-s¸-Sp-¶p. C\n A£n-bpsS Cu ip¢-amb Zo]vXn GtXm AXv "km' F¶-Xm-Ip-¶p. \o-e-ambpw Gähpw IrjvW-am-bp-ÅXpw GtXm AXv "Aa' F¶ i_vZ-am-Ip¶p. AXv ip¢hpw Irjvahpw Bb Zo]vXn-IÄ IqSnb kmaam-Ip-¶p.

Ggmw JÞw
hm tKhÀIv {]mWx kma; XtZ XtZ Xkym arNyp [yqVw kma; Xkvam ZrNy [yqVw kma-Ko-b-tX, hmtK-hkm; {]mtWmax XÕma
C\n A[ym-ß- amb kzcq]w ]d-bp-¶p. hm¡v E¡m-Ip¶p. {]mW³ kma-am-Ip-¶p. A§-s\-bpÅ Cu kmaw Cu E¡n\p taem-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. AXp-sIm­p kmaw E¡n\v taembn Km\w sN¿-s¸-Sp-¶p. hm¡v ""km'' F¶ A£-cam-Ip-¶p. {]mW³ ""Aa'' F¶pÅ i_vZ-am-Ip-¶p. hm¡pw {]mW\pw IqSn-bXv kma-am-Ip-¶p.

AYb Gtjm f ´c-£nWn ]pcptjm ZriytX sskhÀIv XÕm-a, XZp-IvYw, XZy PqkvXZv {_Ò Xssky Xky XtZh cq]w bZ-ap-jy-cq-]w, bmh-ap-jy, tKjvWu-Xu-tK-jvWu, b¶m-aX ¶ma.
I®n-\p-Ån GXp ]pcp-j-\mtWm ImW- s¸-Sp-¶Xv AXv E¡m-Ip-¶p. AXv kma-am-Ip-¶p. AXv DIvY-am-Ip-¶p. AXv bPq-Êm-Ip-¶p, AXv {_Ò-am-Ip-¶p, AXv aq¶p thZ-§fpw BIp-¶p. Ah-sâ, B BZnXy ]pcp-jsâ cq]w GtXm, AXp Xs¶ Cu Nm£p-j-tâbpw cq]-am-Ip-¶p. BZn-Xy-]pcp-jsâ ]ÀÆ-§Ä Gh-bmtWm Ah Ch-tâbpw tKj-W§- fm-Ip- ¶p. BZn-Xy-]p- cp-jsâ \ma- ta- tXm, AXv Cu Nm£pjsâ \ma-am-Ip-¶p.

N£p-tc-h³ Kmßm-kma; XtZ XtZ Xky-arNy [ypVw kma; Xkvam Zr Ny [yqVw kma KobtX; N£ptc hkm ff ß f akvXXv kma
N£pÊv E¡m-Ip-¶p. Bßmhv kma-am-Ip-¶p. A§ns\-bpÅ Cu kmaw E¡nsâ taem-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. AXn-\mÂ

Nm£pjw þ Bdm-as¯ a\p

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k Gj tb ssNX kvamZÀhm-t©m-temIm kvtXjmw tNtã, a\p-jy-Im-am\mw tNXn, XZy Cta hoWmbmw Kmb-t´yXw tX Kmb´n Xkvamt¯ [\-k-\bx
C§-s \-b pÅ Cu Nm£p-j-\ mb ]pcp-j ³, Cu A²ym-ßn-I-amb Bßm-hn \n¶v, C¸p-d-apÅ temI-§Ä GXmtWm Ahbv¡pw a\pjyIma-§Ä¡pw Cui-\m-Ip¶p. AXn-\mÂ, GXp Kmb-I³ hoW-bn Km\w sN¿p¶pthm Ah³ Chs\ Km\w sN¿p- ¶p. AXn-\m Ah³, [\-hm-\m-Ip-¶p.

cm-WsÃm? \n§Ä A\p-h-Zn-¡p¶ ]£w, \ap¡v DZvKoYs¯ kw_-Ôn¨v Nn´n-¡mw.

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XtYXn l kap-]-hn-hnipx k l {]hm-ltWm ssPh-en-cp-hmN þ `mK-h´m ht{i-h-ZXmw; {_mÒ-W -tbmÀÆ-ZtXm ÀhmNw t{imjym-anXn
A§n-s\-bm- Is« F¶v ]dªv AhÀ Ccp- ¶p. B Pohe-]p-{X-\mb {]hm-lW³ ]d-ªp. `K-h·mÀ BZyw hZn¨mepw. hmZn-¡p¶ {_mÒ-W- cmb \n§-fpsS hm¡p Rm³ tIÄ¡mw.

B ime-hmsâ ]p{X³ ine-I³ NnIn-Xm- b\ ]p{X-\mb bmsXm-cp-¯³ C{]-Im-c-a-dn-ªp-sIm-­v, kmaw Km\w Zmev`y-t\mSv ]d-ªp. ""A§v A\p-h-Zn-¡p¶ ]£w A§sN¿p- ¶p- thm, Ah³ B BZn-Xy-\n IqSn BZn-Xy-\n-epÅ tbmSv Rm³ tNmZn-¡mw.'' CXp tI«v atä-bmÄ ""tNmZn¨p tZh-\m-bn-¯oÀ¶n-«v, Ah-\n \n¶v taepÅ temI-§Ä sImÅpI'' F¶p-¯cw ]d-ªp. GtXm Ah-tb-bpw, tZh-Im-a-§-tfbpw {]m]n-¡p-¶p.

AYb GX-tZhw hnZym³ kma-Kmb Xyp`u kKm-bXn; tkm f apss\h k Gj tbNm apjvamXv ]cmt©m tem ImkvXmw Ým f ]vt\mXn tZh-Im-amw-Ý.

k l ineIx imem-h-Xy-ssÝ-InXm b\w Zmev`y aphmN l´ Xzm _rÑm-\o-Xn, ]rtÑXn tlm hmN

AYmt\ ss\h tb ssNX-kvam-ZÀht©m temIkvXmw Ým ff ]vt\mXn a\p-jy-Im-amwÝ XkvamZp sslhw hnZp-ZvKmXm {_qbm-Xv. Iw tX Ima amKm-bm-\oXn; Gj-tlyh Imam-Km-\-tky-tãb Ghw hnZzm³ kma-Km-bXn kma-Km-bXn
AXp-t]mse Cu Nm£p-j-\n IqSn, Ch-\n \n¶pw A¸p-d-apÅ temI-§Ä Fh-bmtWm Ah-bpw, a\p-jy-Ima-§sf {]m]n-¡p¶p. AXn-\m C{]-Im-c-a-dn-bp¶h\mb DZvKm-Xmhv tNmZn-¡p-¶p. ""\n\¡v GXp Imas¯ Rm³ BKm\w sN¿Ww?'' Fs´-¶m bmsXm-cp-¯³ Cu {]Im- c-a-dnªp kmaw Km\w sN¿p- ¶pthm Ah³ Ima-§sf B Km\w sN¿p-¶-Xn-\v, Cui-\mbn `hn-¡p-¶p.

Imkmavt\m KXn-cnXn kzc-C-XntlmhmN kzc-ky-Im-K-Xn-cn-Xn, {]mW CXn-tlm-hmN {]mW-kyIm KXn-cn-Xn, A¶-anXn tlm hmN A¶ky Im KXn-cnXn B] CXn-tlm-hm-N

kma-¯n\v B{ibw F´mWv? F¶v ine-I³ tNmZn¨p. Zmev`y³ kma-¯n\p KXn kzc-am-sW¶v D¯cw ]dªp. kzc-¯n\p KXn F´m-sW¶v tNmZn-¨p. {]mW³ F¶p-¯cw ]d-ªp. {]mW-\p- KXn F´mWv F¶p tNmZn¨p. A¶-sa-¶p-¯cw ]d-ªp. A¶-¯n\p KXn F´msW¶v tNmZn-¨p. AXn\v A¸p-IÄ F¶v D¯cw ]d-ªp. A¶- ap-­m-Ip-¶-X,v A¸p-IÄ \nan-¯-am-WtÃm?

F«mw JÞw
{Xtbm tlmZv KotY Ipiem _`qhpx ineIx imem-h-Xy, ssÝIn-Xm-bt\m Zmev`yx, {]hm-ltWm ssPh-en-cnXn tXmtlmNp cpZvKKIotY ssh Ipiex kvtam lt´mZv KotY IYmw hZma CXn.
iem-hmsâ ]p{X-\mb ine-I³, NnIn-Xm-b-\sâ ]p{X\mb `mev`y³, Poh-esâ ]p{X-\mb {]hm-l-W³, C§s\ aq¶p-t]À DZvKo-Y-¯n Ipi-e-·m-cm-bn-«p-­ m-bn-cp-¶ p. AhÀ ]dªp \mw DZvKo-Y-¯n Ipi-e-·m-sc¶p {]kn-²-

A]mw Im KXn-cnXn; Aku-temI CXn tlmhmN Aap-jy-tem-I-kyIm KXn-cnXn; \ kzÀ¤w temI-a-Xn-\tb ZnXn tlmhmN; kzÀKw hbw temIw kmam-`n-kw-Øm-]-bmax, kzÀK kwkvXmhw ln kma CXn.
A¸p-IÄ¡v F´mWv KXn-sb¶p tNmZn-¨p. At§temIw F¶p ]d-ªp. At§-tem-I¯n\v F´mWp KXn F¶p tNmZn-¨p. Zmev`y³ AXn-\p-¯cw ]d-ªp. kzÀ¤-amIp¶ temIw IS-¯n-sIm­p t]mI-bnà F¶m-Wv. AXn\m \½Ä kmas¯ kzÀ¤-tem-I¯n A`n-kw-Øm-]n¡mw. kmaw kzÀ¤-sa¶ \ne-bn kvXpXn-¡-s¸-Sp-¶-Xm-W.v

Xw l ineIx ime-h-Xy-ssÝ-In-Xm-b\w Zmev`y aphmNx A{]-Xn-ãnXw Ine tX Zmev`y-kma; bkvtXz-XÀln {_qbm³ aq À²mtX hn]n-Xn-jy-co-Xn, aqÀ²mtX hn]tX ZnXn.

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C{]-Imcw ]dª NnIn-Xm-b-\-]p-{X-\mb Zmev`y-t\mSv imem-h-Xy-\mb ine-I³ ]dªp: AÃtbm Zmev`y, \nsâ A`n-{]m-b-¯n kmaw A{]-Xn-ãn-X-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. Bsc¦nepw Hcp-h³ Ct¸mÄ \nsâ aqÀ²mhv hn]-Xn¡pw F¶v ]d-Ibm-sW-¦n \nsâ aqÀ²mhv hn]-Xn-¡ptam?'' -

{]Xn-jvT-am-Ip-¶p. aq¶p Ime- ¯n-epw, `qX-§-fp D¸¯n sS ØnXn-e-b-§Ä BIm-i- ¯n-em-Ip-¶p.

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A§-s\-bpÅ Cu DZvKoYw ]c\pw ]tcm-h-co-b-\p-amIp-¶p. A§n-s\-bpÅ Cu DZvKoYw A\-´-am-Ip-¶p. Bcv C{]-Im-c-a-dnªv ]tcm-h-co-b-\mb Cu DZvKo-Ys¯ D]m-knA§v A\p- h-Zn-¡p-I-bm-sW-¦n CXv Rm³ ]qPy-\mb ¡p-¶pthm Ah\p D¯-tcm-¯cw hnin-ã-X-c-amb Poh\w At§- bpsS ASp-¡Â \n¶v Adn-bp-hm³ B{K- ln-¡p¶p D­m-Ip- ¶p. Ah³ D¯-tcm-¯cw hnin- ã- X- c- §- fmb temIF¶v Zmev`y³ ]d-ªp. Adn- ªp-sIm-ÅpI F¶v ine-I³ §Ä Pbn-¡p-¶p. D¯-chpw ]d-ªp. At§ temI¯n-\p -KXn F´mWv? Xw ssl XaXn[\zm iu\I DZc imÞn F¶p tNmZn¨p. Cu temIw F¶v D¯cw ]d-ªp. {]Xneymtbm-tàzm-hmN þþ bmhXv X G\w jvT-bmb Cu temIs¯ IS- ¯n-sIm-­p-t]m- I-bn- Ã. F¶pw {]Pmbm apZvKoYw thZn-jy-t´, ]tcm-hco D¯cw ]d- ªp. \ap¡pw kmaw {]Xn-jT-amb temI- ¯n v tbm ssl`y-kvXm-h-Z-kvan³ tÃmI Poh\w A`n-kw-Øm-]n-¡mw. Fs´-¶m kmaw {]Xn-jvT-bmbn kvXpXn-¡-s¸-Sp-¶-Xm-W-tÃm. `hn-jy-X n.

l´m lta-XZv `K-htXm thZm-\nXn; hn²nXn tlmhmN Aapjy temIky ImK-Xn-cnXn; \{] Xnãmw temI-a-Xn-\tb ZnXn-tlm-hmN {]Xnãmw hbw temIw kmam-`n-kw-Øm-]-bmax {]Xnãm kwkvXm-hwln kmtaXn

k Gj ]tcm-hco bm\p-ZvKoYx k Gtjm \´x, ]c-h-cotbm lmky `hXn; ]tcm hco-btkm l temIm³ PbXn b GX tahw hnZzm³ ]tcm-h-co-bmw-kap-ZvKoY ap]mkvtX

Xwl {]hm-ltWm ssPh-en-cp-hm-N, A´h ssZzIn-etX imem-h-Xy, kma, bkvtXz XÀln {_qbm-·pÀ²tX hn]-Xnjy XoXn aqÀ²mtX hn]tX ZnXn l´ml taXXv `htXm thZm-\oXn hn²oXn tlmhmN

A§n-s\-bpÅ Cu DZvKo-Ys¯ ip\Isâ ]p{X- \mb AXn [\zmhv DZ-c-im-Þn- ey\v ]dªp sImSp-¯n«v ]d- ªp. \nsâ k´-Xn-I-fn bmsXm-cp-¯³ Ah-km\w hsc Cu DZvKoYw Adn-bp-tam, Ah³ hsc¡pw Ch temI-¯n D¯-tcm-¯cw hnin-ã-amb Poh\w e`n-¡p-¶-Xm-W.v

XYm apjvan³ temICXn kb GX-tahw

Ah-t\mSv Poh-e-] p-{X-\mb {]hm-l-W³ ]d-ªp. hnZzm-\p-]mkvtX ]tcm-h-cob Gh AÃtbm imem-h-Xym, \nsâ A`n-{]m-b-¯n kmaw A´lmkym-k va n³ ap- Å-Xm-WtÃm? Bsc- ¦nepw \nsâ aqÀ²mhv hn]- Xn- ¡p- sa¶v temtI Poh\w `hXn XYm f apjvan³ temtI Cu kµÀ`-¯n ]d-bp¶ ]£w \nsâ aqÀ²mhv hn]-XntemI CXn temtI temI CXn ¡ptam? Ahn-Ss¯ A\p-hm- Z-apÅ ]£w Rm³ CXv am\y\mb Ahn-Ss¯ ASp-¡Â \n¶v Adn-bp-hm³ B{K-lnAXp-t]mse ]c-tem-I-¯n ]tcm-h-co-b-amb temIw ¡p¶p F¶v ine-I³ ]d-ªp. AXn\v Adn-ªp-sImÄI kn²n-¡pw. imÞn-ey-t\mSv iu\-I³ ]d-ªp. Bcv C{]F¶v {]hm-l-W³ D¯cw ]d-ªp. Im- c-a-dnªv DZvKoYw D]m-kn-¡p-¶p- thm, Ah\p Cu temI¯n D¯-tcm-¯cw hnin-ã-X-c-am-bn-¯- t¶-bpÅ Poh\w D­m-Ip-¶p. A{]-Imcw ]c-tem-I-¯n temIw kn²n-¡pH³]Xmw JÞw ¶p. temtI-temI CXn F¶p c­p {]mhiyw ]d-ªn-cn¡p-¶Xv DZvKo-tYm-]m-k\w kam-]X-ambn F¶p ImWn-¡pv Aky-tem-Iky Im KXn-cnXn; BImi CXn ¶-Xn-\m-W.v tlmhm-N, kÀhmWn lhm Cam\n `qXm\ym

Imim-tZh kapÂ]-Zyt´; BImiw {] XykvXw b´n; BIm-tim-tlym-ssh-t`ymPym bm³; BImix ]cm-bWw
Cu temI-¯n\v KXn Fs´¶p tNmZn-¨p. BIm-isa¶p ]d-ªp. Cu `qX-§-sfÃmw BIm-i- ¯p-\n-¶p-Xs¶ D­m-Ip-¶p. BIm-i- ¯n AkvX-an-¡p-¶p. BImiw Cu `qX-§sf FÃm-¯n-t\bpw ImÄ al-¯-c-am-W.v BImiw

]¯mw JÞw
aS Nol-tXjp Ipcp-jzm-SnIym kl-Pmb tbmj-kvXnÀl Nm{Im-bW C`y-{Kmta {]m {ZmWI Dhm-k.
Ipcp-tZ-i-¯pÅ kky-§Ä CSn-¯o- sIm p \in-¸n-¡­ s¸-«-t¸mÄ C`y-{Km- a- ¯n N{Isâ ]p{X- \mb DjkvXn F¶

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I BÄ kv{Xoe-£-W-§Ä apgp-h³ h¶p XnI-ªn-«n-Ãm¯
`mcy-tbmSp IqSn, A¶w e`n-¡m-bvI-bm Iã-Øn-Xn-bnembn¡gn-ªp-h- ¶p.

Xw Pmtbm hmNxþ l´! ]X Ca Gh Ipevamjm CXn; Xm³ JmZnXzm f apw bÚw hnX-X -ta-bmb

K

kwtl`yw Ipevam-jm³ JmZ´w _n`n-t£Xw tlmhmN:þ t\tXm f t\y hnZyt´; b¨a Ca D]-\n-lnXm CXn.
Ah³ IpÕn-X-§-fmb amj-§sf `£n-¨p-sIm-­n-cn¡p¶ C`y-t\mSv `n£ tNmZn-¨p. Dj-kvXn-tbmSv C`y³ ]dªp. Fsâ ASp-¡Â ]m{X-¯n-en-«n-«pÅ Cu Ipevam-j§Ä (Hcp hI [m\yw) Gh-bmtWm Ah-b-ÃmsX thsd CÃ. Rm³ F´mWp sN¿pI?

Dj-kvXn-tbmSv `mcy ]dªp: `À¯mth A§n-s\-bmsW- ¦n Cu Ipevam- j- §Ä Xs¶bp­- tÃm. DjkvXn Ah `£n-¨n«v hnkvXm-c-apÅ B bÚs¯ {]m]n-¨p.

Xt{Xm-Zv-KmXr \mkvXm thkvtXmjy-am-W\pt]m hhn-thi kl {]-kvtXm-Xmc aphmN
(A-h³) bmK-Ø-e¯v sN¶p. kvXpXn-¡p¶ Øeamb BkvXm-h-¯n kvXpXn-¡p-hm³ t]mIp¶ DZvKm-Xm¡-fmb Bfp-IfpsS ASp-¡Â Ccp-¶p. Ah³ {]kvXm-hnt\mSp ]dªp

GtXjmw tatZ-lnXn tlmhmN; Xm\kvssa {]Z-sZu; l´m\p ]m\-anXn; DÑnãw sshta ]oXw kymZnXn tlmhmN
C`y³ ]d-ª- Xp-tI«v Ch F\n¡p Xcq F¶v DjkvXn ]d-ªp. Ah Dj-kvXn¡v sImSp-¯p. A\-´cw ASp-¯ncn-¡p¶ Pew Nq­n CXm A\p- ]m\w F¶v C`y³ ]d-ªp. Rm³ IpSn-¡p-¶Xv DÑn-jT-am-bn-cn-¡p-atÃm F¶ DjkvXn v ]d-ªp.

{]kvtXm XÀ¿m tZhXm {]-kvXm-h-a\zm b¯m Xmw tNZ hnZzm³ {]kvtX jykn aqÀ²mtX hn]-Xn-jy-Xo-Xn.
{]kvtXm-Xmth! GXp tZh-X-bmtWm {]kvXm-h-¯n A\p-K-X-bm-bn-cn-¡p-¶- Xv, AXv Adn-bmsX \o {]Øm-hn-¡phm³ t]mhp-I-bm-sW-¦nÂ, \nsâ aqÀ²mhv hoWp-t]mhpw F¶v ]d-ªn-cn-¡p-¶p.

\ kzntZtX ]pÑnãm CXn \hm A Pohn-jy-an-am\ JmZ-¶nXn tlmhmN Imtama DZI ]m\-anXn
Cu Ipevam-j-§fpw DÑn-ã-§-fmtWm C`y³ tNmZn-¨p. Cu Ipevam-j-§Ä `£- C- ¡m-Xn-cp- ¶m Rm³ Pohn-¡-bnà F¶p shÅw IpSn-¡p-¶Xv Fsâ Cã-amWv F¶pw DjkvXn ]d-ªp.

k l JmZnXzm f Xnti-jm³ Pmbmbm BP lmc; km f {KX Gh kp`n-£m-_-`qh; Xm³ {]Xn-Krly \nZ[u
Ah³ `£n-¨n-«v, an¨-apÅ Ipjva-j-§sf `mcy¡v sIm­p-sN¶p sImSp-¯p. AhÄ¡p AXn\p ap³]m-bn¯s¶ \à `n£ e`n-¨n-cp-¶p. AXn-\m Dj-kXn-sIm-­pv sN¶ Ipjvam-j§sf hm§n, kq£n-¨p-h¨p. -

Ghta thmZvKm-c-ap-hmN þþ DZvKm-XÀ¿w tZhtXm ZvKoY a\zm-b-¯m, XmwtNZ hnZzm-\p-ZvKmky kn aqÀ²mtX hn]-Xn-jy-XoXn Gh-tah {]Xn-lÀ¯mc aphmN þþ {]Xn lÀ¯À¿m tZhXm {]Xn-lmc a\zm-b-¯m, Xmw tNZ-hn-Zzm³ {]Xn-l-cn-jykn aqÀ²m-tX, hn]-Xn-jy-XoXn tXl kam-cXm kvXpjvWo amkmw N{Intc
DZvKm-Xm-hn-t\mSv C§s\ ]dªp: DXvKm-Xmth GXp tZh-X-bmtWm DZvKo-Y-¯n A\p-K-X- bm-bn-cn-¡p-¶Xv B tZh-Xtb Adn-bmsX \o ZvKo\w sN¿m³ t]mhp-I-bm-sW¦n \nsâ aqÀ²mhv hn]-Xn¡pw C§ns\ {]Xn-lÀ¯mhn-t\mSp ]d- ªp. {]Xn- lÀ¯mth GXp tZh- X-bmtWm {]Xnlm-c¯n A\p-K-X-bm-bn-cn-¡p-¶-Xv, B tZh-Xsb Adnbm-sX, \o {]Xn-l-cn-¡p-hm³ t]mIp-I-bm-sW-¦nÂ, \nsâ aqÀ²mhv hn]-Xn-¡pw. AhÀ IÀ½- §-fn \n¶p-a-S-§n-bh-cm-bn«v Nm{I-b-Hm-W-¶-`n-ap-J-am-bn«v an­m-sX-bn-cp-¶p.

k l {]mXx kwPn-lm\ DhmN: bZv _Xm-¶-ky-et`-a-ln, et`-a-ln-[\ am{Xmw; cmPm f kub-£-tX, kam kÀssh cmÀ¯n-ssPÀ hrWo-tX-Xn.
DjkvXn cmhnse \n{Z shSn-ª-t¸mÄ ]d-ªp. F´p sN¿mw? Aev]w A¶w \ap¡p e`n-s¨-¦nÂ, Aev]w [\w \ap¡v In«p-am-bn-cp-¶p. CXm cmPmhv bmKw sN¿p-hm³ t]mIp-¶p. Ah³ FÃm-h-Ibpw e`n-¡p¶ EXzn-¡p-IfpsS IÀ½-§Ä¡mbn Fs¶ hcn-¡p-am-bn-cp-¶p.

]Xn- s \m¶mw JÞw
AY ssl\w bP-am\ DhmN:-þ `K-h´w hm Alw hn hnZn-jmWn Xn Dj-kvXn-ckvan Nm{Im-bW CXn-tlm-hm-N.
Dj-kvXn- tbmSv bmKw sN¿p¶ cmPmhv ]dªp `K- hmt\ Rm³ Adn- bp- ¶- Xn-\m-{K- ln- ¡p- ¶p. Rm³ N{Isâ ]p{X- \mb

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I Dj-kvXn-bm-Ip-¶p. F¶v Nm{Im-b-W³ D¯cw ]d-ªp.
ktlm-hmN:þ `K-h´w hm Al-ta`nx kÀssÆ-cmÀ¯zn ssPyx Àss¿jnjw, `K htXmhm Al-a-hn¯ym f \y\-hr-jn. `Khmw kvtXzhta kÀssÆ-cmÀ¯zn ssPycnXn XtY-Xn. AY-XÀtlyX Gh ka-Xn-krãm: kvX phXmw bmh-t¯-t`ym-[\w ZZym-kvXm-h-·-a-ZZym CXn. XtY Xnl-b-P-am\ DhmN
bP-am-\³ ]dªp:þ Rm³ Cu FÃm EXzn-¡p-I-fpsS IÀ½-§Ä¡m-bpw, `K-hms\ At\z-jn-¨p. `K-hms\ In«m¯-Xp-sIm-­mWv Rm³ thsd Bfp-Isf hcn-¨-Xv. Fsâ FÃm EXzn-IÀ½-§Ä¡pw C\n `K- hm³ Xs¶ thWw. A{]Imcw BIs« F¶v DjkvXn k½-Xn-¨p. A§-s\-bm-sW¦n A§p-apt¼ hcn-¨n-«p-Å-h-sc-¯-s¶, F¶m A\ph-Zn-¡-s¸-«-h-cm-bn«v kvXpXn-¡-s«. AhÀ¡v F{X-[\w \o sImSp-¡p-¶pthm A{Xbpw F\n¡pw Xc-Ww. A§n-s\bm-Is« F¶v bP-am-\³ ]d-ªp.

\pZv Kmky-kn, aqÀ²mtX hn]-Xnjy XoXn am `K-hm-\thm NXv, IX-amkm tZhXm CXn.

K

DZvKm-Xmhv Dj-kvXnsb hn\-b-t¯m-Sp-IqSn D]-K-an-¨p. DZvKm-Xm-th, GXp tZh-X-bmtWm DZvKo-Y-¯n A\p-K-Xbm-bn-cn-¡p-¶Xv B tZh-Xsb Adn-bmsX \o DZvKm\w sN¿p-Ibm-sW-¦n \nsâ aqÀ²mhv hn]-Xn¡pw F¶v Ft¶mSv `hm³ ]d-ªp-hÃ- tÃm. DZvKoY `àn-bn A\pK-X- bmb B tZhX GXmWv?

BZnXy CXn tlmhmN:þ kÀhmWn hm Cam\n `qXm-\ym-ZnXy apss¨x k´w-Km-b´n; sskjm tZh-tXm-XvKoY a\zm-b-¯m, Xmw tNX hnZzm\p ZKm-tkym, aqÀ²mtX hy]-Xn-jyXv XtYm-à -k y- a-tb-X n.
BZn-Xy³ F¶p ]dªp Cu `qX-§-sfÃmw apI-fn ØnXn-sN-¿p¶ BZn-Xys\ Km\w sN¿p-¶p. DZvKo-Y-`-ànbn A\p-K-X-bmb tZhX CXm-Ip-¶p. B tZh-Xtb AdnbmsX \o DZvKm\w sNbvXn-cp¶p F¦n C{]-Imcw ]d-bs¸« \nsâ aqÀ²mhv ]Xn-¡p-am-bn-cp-¶p.

AY ssl\w {]kvtXm-tXm-]-k-km-Z-{]kvtXm XÀ¿m-tZ-hXmw {]kvXm-h-a-\zm-b-¯mXmw tNZ hnZzm³ {]kvtXm-jykn; aÀ²ntX hnÀ]-Xn-jyXn Xnam `K-hm-\-thm-NXv IXam km tZhXm CXn.

AY ssl\w {]Xn-lÀt¯m-h-k-kmZ:þ {]Xn lÀ¯À¿m tZhXm {]Xn-lmc a\zm-b-¯m, Xmw tNZ-hn-Zzm³ {]Xn-l-cn-jy-kn, aqÀ²m

ho­p {]kvtXm-Xmhv Dj-kXnsb hn\-b-t¯mSp IqSn v tX hn]-Xn-jy-XoXn am `K-hm\ thmNXv; D]-K-an-¨p. {]kvtXm-Xmth GXp tZh-X-bmtWm {]kvXm-h-`IXam km tZhXm CXn. àn-bn A\p-K-X-bm-bn-cn-¡p-¶Xv B tZh-Xsb Adn-bmsX {]kvXm-hn-¡p-hm³ t]mhp-I-bm-sW-¦nÂ, \nsâ aqÀ²mhv A\-´cw {]Xn-lÀ¯mhv Dj-kXntb D]-k-Zn-¨p. {]Xnv hn]-Xn-¡pw. F¶v Ft¶mSv `K-hm³ ]d-ªp-htÃm? B lÀ¯m-th, GXp tZh-X-bmtWm {]Xn-lm-c-¯n A\p-KtZhX GXmWv? X- bm-bn-cn-¡p-¶-Xv, B tZh-Xtb Adn-bmsX \o {]Xn-l-cn{]mW CXn tlmhmN þ kÀhmWn lhm Cam\n ¡-bm-sW-¦n \nsâ aqÀ²mhv hn]-Xn¡pw F¶v Ft¶mSv `hm³ ]d-ªp-htÃm? B tZhX GXmW?

`qXm\n {]mW-ta-hm-`n-kw-hn-i´n; {]mW-a`yp ÖnltX; sskjm tZhXm {]kvXm-h -a-\zm-b-¯m, Xmw tNZ-hn-Zzm³ {]kvtXmtjym aqÀ²mtX hy]þ XnjyXv XtYm-à -ky-a-tb-Xn.

D]-kZv þþ ip{iq-jn-¡p-I, Acn-I-¯n-cn-¡p-I. A¶-anXn tlmhmN; kÀhmWnl hm Cam\n `qXm-\y-¶ -tah {]Xn-l-cam-W m\n Poh´n sskjm tZhXm {]Xn-lm-c-a-\zm-b¯m; Xmw tNZ hnZzm³ {]Xy-lcn-tjym, aqÀ²mtX hy]-Xn-jyXv -

{]mW³ F¶p ]d-ªp. Cu `qX-§-sfÃmw {]mW-s\XtYm-àky atb-Xn, XtYm-àky-a-tbXn ¯s¶ A`n-kw-th-in-¡p-¶p. {]mWs\ A`n-e-`n-¨n«v DZvKan-¡p-¶p. A§n-s\-bpÅ CXv {]kvXm-h`-àn-bnÂ, A\pA¶- sa¶v ]dªp Cu `qX-§-sfÃmw A¶- s¯- Xs¶ K-X-bmb tZh-Xsb Adn-bmsX \o {]kvXm-hn-¨n-cp-s¶-¦n {]Xn-l-cn-¨p-sIm­v Pohn-¡p-¶p. {]Xn-lm-c-`-àn-bn A\pA{]-Imcw ]d-b-s¸« \nsâ aqÀ²mhv hn]-Xn-¡p-am-bn-cp-¶p. K-X-bmb tZhX A¶-am-Ip-¶p. B tZh-Xsb Adn-bmsX AY ssl\-ap-ZvKtXm ]k-kmZ þþ DZvKmX \o {]Xn-l-cn-¨n-cp¶p F¦n A{]-Imcw ]d-b-s¸« \nsâ aqÀ²mhv ]Xn-¡p-am-bn-cp-¶p. À¿mtZ-h-tXm-XvKoY a\zm-b¯m Xmw tNZ-hnZzm

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AYmXx iuh DZvKoYx X²-_tIm Zmevt`ym ¥mthm hm ssat{Xbx kzm[ymb apZz {]mP
C\n CXp apX izm¡-fm I­p-]n-Sn-¡-s¸« DZvKm-\amb kmaw ]d-bs¸-Sp-¶p. AXn ZÛsâ ]p{X-\m-b, _It\m an{X-bpsS ]p{X-\mb ¥mht\m kzm[ymbw sN¿p¶-Xn-\mbn DZv{hPn-¨p. {Kma-¯n\p shfn-bn-epÅ hnP-\-Øe-¯pÅ Pe-k-ao-]¯v F¯n-Im-¯n-cp-¶p.

kma-¯nsâ asämcp `mK-amb kvtXmZm-£-c-§sf kw_Ôn-¨-hbpw Hcp-an¨p Xs¶ A\p-jvTn-t¡-­-Xp-amb D]mk-\-§-sf-¸än C\n ]d-bp-¶p.)

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Abw hmh-temtIm lm DImtcm hmbp À lmC-Imw, Ý{µam Al-Imcx, Btß lIm tcm f ánco-Imcx
""lmD'' F¶ i_vZw Cu temI-am-Ip-¶p. lmC F¶ i_vZw hmbp-hm-Ip¶p AY F¶ kvtXm`w N{µ-\m-Ip-¶p. Cl F¶ i_vZw Bßm- hm- Ip-¶p. Cu F¶ i_vZw Aánbm-Ip-¶p.

Xkvssa iztizXx {]mZpÀ_-`qh; Xa-t\ym-izm\ D]-k-tatXym Np A¶w t\m `K-hm\m Kmb Xzi-\m-b-ahm CXn.
B Ejn¡v shfp¯ \nd-apÅ izmhv {]Xy-£-am-bn. AXnsâ ASp- ¡Â sN¶v aäp- izm- ¡Ä ]d-ªp. `K-hm- \mb A§v R§Ä¡v A¶s¯ B Km\w sIm­p-­m-¡n-¯cq. R§Ä¡v hni-¡p-¶p.

BZnXy DuIm-tcm, \nlh GImtcm hntiz-tZhm Hu þþ tlmbn-Imcx, {]Pm-] -XnÀlnw-Imcx {]mWx kztcm, f ¶w bm, hmKzn-cmSv
DuImcw BZn-Xy- \m-Ip- ¶p. GImcw Blzm\w BIp-¶p. Hmtlmbn F¶ kvtXm`w hniz-tZ-h·m-cm-Ip-¶p. lnwImcw {]Pm-]-Xn-bm-Ip-¶p. kzc-sa¶ kvtXm`w {]mW-\m-Ip-¶p. b F¶ kvtXm`w A¶- am- Ip-¶p. hmIv F¶ kvtXm`w hncm-«mIp-¶p.

Xm³ tlmhmN:þ Cssl-ham {]mX-cq-]-kaobm tXXn X² _tIm Zmevt`ym ¥mthm hm ssat{Xbx {]Xn-]m-ebmw NImc
B, izm¡-tfmSv ]dªp cmhnse Chn-sS, Fsâ ASp¡Â hcp-hn³. AhnsS Zev`-]p- {X-\mb _It\m an{X-bpsS ]p{X-\mb ¥mht\m Im¯n- cp-¶p.

A\n-cq-à-kv{X-tbm-Zix kvtXm`x kwN
tcmlpw Imcx lpw Imc-sa¶ ]Xn-aq-¶m-as¯ kvtXm`w C¶-sX¶p \nÀh-Nn-¡-s¸-Sp-hm³ Ign-bm-¯Xpw hnI-ev]n¡-s¸-Sp¶ kzcq-]-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Sn-bXpw BIp-¶p.

tX l bssY thl _ln-jv]-h-am-t\\ kvtXmjy-amWmx kwc_v[mx kÀ¸-´o-tXymh amk-k r-]p- kvt\l kap-] -hn-iy-lnw-N{Ipx
F {]- I mcw IÀ½- ¯ n _ln- j v ] - h - a m- \ - s a¶ kvtXm{XwsIm­v kvXpXn-¡p-hm³ t]mIp-¶- hÀ At\ym\yw tNÀ¶v h«- ¯n Npäpt¶m C{]- Imcw Biy-¡Ä h«-¯n Npän Ccp-¶n«v lnw F¶ i_vZw ]pd-s¸-Sp-hn-¨p.

ZpKvt² f kvssa hmKvtZmlx, tbm hm tNmtZm lx, A¶-hm-\-¶mtZm `hXn; b GXm-tah kmav\m ap]-\n-jZw thtZ-]-\n-jZw thZ
Bcv C{]-Imcw Cu kma-§-fpsS D]-\n-j-¯ns\ Adnbp-¶pthm B km[-I\v hm¡v, hm¡nsâ tZmlw F¶p ]d-bp¶ tZmls¯ tZml\w sN¿p-¶p. Ah³ A¶-apÅ-h-\mbpw A¶- §sf AZn-¡p-¶-h-\mbpw `hn-¡p-¶p.

Hm3 aZm3 tamw]n_m3 tamw3 tZth-h-cpWx {]Pm-]Xnx khn-\m2 f ¶anlm2 ff lc-¶-]tXm 3f ¶-an-lm2 ff lcm 2 ff ltcm 3 anXn.
Hmw R§Ä `£n-¡p-am-dm-I-s«, Hmw R§Ä ]m\w sN¿p- am-dm-Is«; Hmw tZymX\w sN¿p-¶-Xn-\m tZh\pw PK¯n\p hrãn \evIp-¶-Xn-\m hcp-W\pw {]P-Isf ]me\w sN¿p-¶-Xn-\m {]Pm-]-Xn-bpw, kÀÆ-t¯bpw {]k-hn-¡p¶-Xn-\m khn-Xm-hpw, Bb BZn-Xy³ R§Ä¡v A¶w Xc-s«. FÃm A¶-¯n\p ]Xn-bm-bn-«p-Å-ht\ ChnsS R§Ä¡p A¶w Xcq. A¶s¯ Bl-cn¡ Hmw

A²ymbw c­v
H¶mw JÞw
(FÃm kma-¯n-epw, FÃm kma-t¯bpw kw_-Ôn¨ D]m-k-\-§-sf-¸-än-bmWv C\n ]d-bp-¶-Xv.)

Hmw ka-kvX\y Jep kmav\ D]m-k\w km[p; bX Jep km[p-XXv kmtaXym N£-tX; bZ km[p-XZ kmta-Xn.
FÃm Ah-b-h§-tfmSpw IqSnb kma-¯nsâ D]m-k\ km[p-hm-Ip-¶p. GXmtWm km[p-hm-bn-«p-ÅXv AXns\ kmaw F¶v _p²n-am³·mÀ ]d-bp-¶p.

]Xn-aq¶mw JÞw
(`-àn-hn-jb-amb D]m-k-\-amWm CXp-hsc ]d-ª-Xv. -

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XZp-Xm-]ymlpx kmavss\-ap-]m-Km-Zn-X n, km[p ss\\-ap-]m-Km-Zn-tXy-hX Zmlpx Akmav ss\\-ap-]m-Km-ZnXn Akm-[p-ss\\ ap]m KmZn-tXy-hX Zmlpx
B hnj-b¯n kma-am-bn«p CXp-am-{X-aà DÅ-Xv. Chs\ D]-Kan¨p F¶p ]d-bp-¶p. AhnsS tim`-\-ambn Chs\ D]-Kan¨p F¶p ]d-bp-¶p. Akm-a-ambn Chs\ D]-K-an¨p F¶p ]d-bp-¶p. AhnsS Atim-`-\-ambn #nhs\ D]-K-an¨p F¶p Xs¶ ]d-bp-¶p.

C\n apI-fnÂ\n¶p Iogvt]m-«pÅ temI-§-sf-¶pÅ ZrjvTn-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn, A©p-hn-[-¯n- epÅ kma-¯nsâ D]mk\ ]d-bp-¶p. tZymhv lnwIm-c-am-Ip-¶p. BZn-Xy³ {]kvXmh-am-Ip-¶p. A´-co£w DZm-Ko-Y-am-Ip-¶p. Aán {]Xn-lm-cam-Ip-¶p. ]rYn hn\n-[-am-Ip-¶p.

K

Iev]t´ lmkvssa-tem-Im-DuÀ²m-Ý ff -hr¯m Ýb GX-tZhw hnZzm³ temtI-jvT-]© hn[w kmtam-]mkvtX
Bcv C{]-Im-c-a-dnªv temI-§-fmbn Cu A©p hn[¯n-ep-apÅ kmas¯ D]m-kn-¡p-¶pthm Cu D]m-k-I\v Xmtg- \n¶p taevt]m-«p-Å-hbpw apI-fn \n¶p Iogvt]m-«pÅ-hbpw Bb temI-§Ä t`mKy-§-fmbn kn²n-¡p-¶p.

AtYm-Xm-]ymlpx kma-t\m-_-tX-Xn, bXv km[p `h-X n, km[p-_-tX-tXy-h-XZmlpx Akm-[ pt\m _tXXn; bZ km[p-`-hXy km[p _tX-tXy-hX Zmlpx
AXp-t]mse C\n-bp-ap-­v. kt´mjw \ap¡v kma-ambn-cn-¡p¶p F¶p ]d-bm-dp-­v. AhnsS GXmtWm km[phmbn kw`- hn-¡p-¶Xv km[p-hm-bn-cn-¡p¶p; kt´m-j-am-bncn-¡p-¶p. Iãw \ap¡v Akm-a-am-bn-cn-¡p¶p F¶p ]dbm-dp-­v. AhnsS km[p-hmbn kw`-hn-¡p-¶Xv GtXm AXv Akm-[p-hm-bn-cn-¡p¶p; Iã-am-bn- cn-¡p-¶p.

aq¶mw JÞw
hrãu ]©-hn[w ktam-]m-koX:þ ]ptcm-htXm lnwImtcm tatLm PmbtX k {]kvXmhx hÀjXn k DZvKo-tYm, hntZym-XtX kvX\-bXn k{] Xnlmcx DZvKr-lvWmXn X¶n-[\w
hrãn-bmbn A©p-hn-[-¯n-epÅ kmas¯ D]m-kn-¡Ww. Ing-¡³ Imäv lnwIm-c-am-Ip-¶p. taLw D­m-Ip-¶Xv {]kvXm-h- am-Ip-¶p. hÀjn-¡p-¶Xv DZvKo- Y-am-Ip-¶p. an¶Âan¶p-¶-Xpw, CSn sh«p-¶Xpw {]Xn-lm-c-am-Ip-¶p. ag AS-§p¶Xv \n[-\-am-Ip-¶p.

kb Ghw hnZzm³ km[p kmta-Xyp-]mkvtX f `ymtim-lb tZ\w km[thm [À½w B NKtÑ bpcq-]-N\-tabpx Bcv kmaw km[p-sh-¶-dnªv D]m-kn-¡p-¶p-thm, Ahs\ icn-bmb [À½-§Ä BK-an-¡p-I-bpw, t`mKy-§fm-bn-¯o-cp-Ibpw sN¿pw. thK-¯n ip`-^-e-§Ä A\p`-hn-¡p-am-dm-Ipw.

hÀjXn-lmkvssa hÀj-bXn lb GX tZhw hnZzm³ hrãu-]-©-hn[w kmtam-hmkvtX
Bcv C§s\ Adnªv hrãn- bmbn A©p- hn-[-¯n- epÅ kams¯ D]m-kn-¡p-¶pthm Ah-\mbn hÀjn-¡p-¶p. Ah³ hÀjn-¸n-¡bpw sN¿p-¶p.

c­mw JÞw
temtIjvT ]©-hn[w ktam-]-koX:þ {]Ynhn lnwImtcm f ánx {]kvXmthm ´co-£-ap-KvZoY BZnXyx {]Xn-lmtcm ZyuÀ¶n-[-\-an-XypÀt²jp
temI-§-fmbn A©p-hn-[-amb kmaw D]m-kn-¡-Ww. ]rYnhn lnw Imc-am-h p-¶p. Aán {]kvXm-ham-Ip-¶p. BImiw DZvKo-Y-am-Ip-¶p. BZn-Xy³ {]Xn-lm-c-am-Ip-¶p. tZymhv\n-[- \-am-Ip-¶p. DuÀ²z-K- X-§-fm-b, temI- §-sf-¶pÅ Zrãn-tbm-Sp-I q-Snb kmtam-]m-k -\ w, C§-s \-b m-Ip-¶ p. hmkv X-h-¯n-ep-Å-h-bm-bn-cp-¶ m-epw, Aim-kv{Xo-b-amb [À½-§-sf, D]m-kn-¨-Xp-sIm­v ^e-an-Ã.

\memw JÞw
kÀhm-k z]vkp ]©-hn[w kmtam-hm-koX:þ taLm bXv kw¹-htX klnw-Im-tcm, bZzÀjXn k{] kvXmthm, bmx {]mNyx kyµt´ k DZvKo-tYm, bmx {]NoNyxk {]Xn-lmcx kapt{Zm \n[-\w.
FÃm A¸p-I-fp- ambn A©p-hn- [-¯n- epÅ kmas¯ D]mkn-¡Ww. taLw Db-cp-¶Xv lnwIm-c-am-Ip-¶p. hÀjn-¡p¶Xv {]kvXm- h-am- Ip- ¶p. Ing- t¡m- s«m- gp- Ip¶ \Zn- IÄ Ghtbm AXv DZvKo-Y-am-Ip-¶p. ]Sn-ªm-tdm«v Hgp-Ip¶ \Zn-IÄ Ghtbm Ah {]Xn-lm-c-am-Ip-¶p. kap{Zw \n[-\-am-I¶p. p-

AYm ffhrt¯jvTxþ ZyuÀlnw-Im-c, BZnXyx {]kvXmthm f ´co-£-ap-ZvKo-tYm, f ánx {]Xn-lmcx ]rYn-h n-\ n-[ \w

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\ lm]v kp ss{]Xy-]vkp-am³ `hXn b GX-tZhw hnZzm³ kÀhm-kz]vkp ]©-hn[w kmam-] kvtX
Bcp C{]-Im-c-a-dnªv FÃm A¸p-I-fp-am-bn, A©p-hn[-amb kmas¯ D]m-kn-¡p-¶p-thm, Ah³ A¸p-Ifn acn-¡-bn-Ã. A¸p-I-fp-Å-h-\m-bn-¯o-cp-Ibpw sN¿pw.

Ggmw JÞw

K

{]mtWjvT ]©-hn[w ]tcm-h-cobx kmtam-]m-koX:- - þ {]mtWm lnw Imtcm, hmIv {]kvXm-h, Ý£p-c p-ZvKoYx t{im{Xw {]Xn-lm-tcm, at\m-\n-[\w; ]tcm-h -cobmw knhm GXm\n
{]mW-§-fm-bn, A©p-hn-[-¯n-epÅ ]tcm-h-co-b-Êmb kmas¯ D]m-kn-¡-Ww. {]mW³ lnwIm-c-am-Ip-¶p. hm¡v {]kvXm-h-am- Ip-¶p. N£pÊv DZvKo-Y-am- Ip-¶p. t{im{Xw {]Xnlm-cam-Ip-¶p. a\Êv \n[-\-am-Ip-¶p. Ch D¯-tcm-¯cw hnin-ã-X-c-§-fm-Ip-¶ p.

A©mw JÞw
EXp jp ]©-hn[w kmtam-]m-knXxþ hkt´m lnwImtcm {Kojvax {]kvXmthm hÀjm DZvKoYmx icXv {]Xn-lmtcm tla-t´m-\n-[\w
EXp-¡-fmbn A©p-hn-[-¯n-epÅ kmas¯ D]m-kn-¡Ww. hk´w lnwIm- c-am-Ip- ¶p. {Kojvaw {]kvXmham-Ip- ¶p. hÀjw DZvKo- Y-am-Ip-¶p. ic¯v {]Xn- lm- c-am-Ip-¶p. tla´w \n[-\-am-Ip-¶p.

]tcm-h-cotbm lmky `hXn ]tcm-h-co-btkm l temIm³ PbXn b GX-tZhw hnZzm³ {]mtWjvT ]©-hn[w ]tcm-h-cobx kmtam hmkvX CXn ]©-hn-[ky

C{]-Imcw Adnªv {]mW-§-fmbn A©p- hn-[-¯n- epÅ ]tcm-h-co-bÊmb Cu kmas¯ Bcv D]m-kn-¡p-¶p-thm, GX-tZhw hnZzm-\r-XpjvT ]©-hn[w ktamAh\p D¯-tcm-¯cw hnin-ã-X-c-amb Poh\w D­m-Ipw. ]mkvtX Ah³ ]tcm-h-co-b-Êp-Ifmb temI-§sf Pbn-¡pw. C{]Bcv C{]-Im-c-a-dnªv EXp-¡-fmbn A©p-hn-[-¯n-epÅ Imcw A©p-hn-[-¯n-epÅ kma-¯nsâ D]m-k\w ]dªp Cu kmas¯ D]m- kn-¡p-¶p-thm, B D]m-k-I-\v, EXp-¡Ä Ign-ªp. EXp- hy-h-Ø-IÄ¡-\p-cq-]-am-bn, t`mKy-§-fm-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. Ah³ EXp-¡-fp-Å-h-\m-bn-¯o-cp-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p.

Iev]t´ lmkvam EXh EXp-am³ `h-Xnb

F«mw JÞw

Bdmw JÞw
]ipjvT ]©-hn[w kmtam-]m-koX:þ BPm-lnwItcm f hbw {]kvXm-thm, Kmh DZvKotYm f izmx {]Xnlmcx ]pcp-tjm-\n-[\w
]ip-¡Ä¡mbn A©p-hn-[- ¯n- epÅ kmas¯ D]m-kn¡-Ww. tImem-Sp-IÄ lnwIm-c -am-Ip-¶p. Ipdn-bm-Sp-IÄ {]kvXm-ham-Ip-¶p. tKm¡Ä DZvKo-Y-am-Ip-¶p. Aiz-§Ä {]Xn-lm-c-am-Ip-¶p. ]pcp-j³ \n[-\-am-Ip-¶p.

AY k]vX hn[ky:þ hmNn k]vXhn[w kmtam-] m-k oXx bXv Inw N hmtNm lpa-Xn, klnw Imtcm, bXv t{]Xn k {]kvXm-thm, btZXn k BZnx
C\n Ggp hn[-¯n-epÅ kma-¯nsâ D]m-k\w ]dbp¶p: hm¡mbn Ggp-hn-[-¯n-epÅ kmas¯ D]m-kn-¡Ww. lpw F¶pÅ hm¡nsâ hntijw GtXm AXv lnw Imc-am-Ip-¶p. {] F¶pÅ hntijw GtXm, AXv {]kvXmh-am-Ip-¶p. B F¶ tXtXm AXv BZn-bm-Ip-¶p.

`h´n lmky ]ihx ]ip-am³ `hXn b GX tZhw hnZzm³ ]ipjp ]©-hn[w kmtam-] mkvtX
Bcv C{]-Imcw Adnªv ]ip-¡-fmbn Cu A©p-hn-[¯n- epÅ kmas¯ D]m-kn-¡p-¶pthm Ah\v ]ip-¡Ä D­m- Ipw. ]ip-¡-sf-sIm- ­pÅ t`mKw,- XymKw apX-emb ^e§Ä DÅ-h-\m-bn-¯o-cp-Ibpw sN¿pw.

bZp-ZnXn k DZvKo-tYm, XXv{]-XoXn k{]-Xo-lm-tcm, bZp t]Xn k D]-{Z-thm, b¶o-Xn-X-¶n-[-\w.
DXv F¶pÅ tXtXm, AXv DZvKo-Y-am-Ip-¶p. {]Xn F¶tXtXm AXv {]Xn-lm-c-am-Ip-¶p. D] F¶-tXtXm AXv D]{Z-h-am-Ip-¶p. \n F¶ tXtXm AXp \n[-\-am-Ip-¶p.

N

ZpKvt² f kvssa hmKvtZmlw tbmhm-tNm-tZmtlm ¶hm-\-¶mtZm `h-Xnb GX-tZhw hnZzm³ hmNn k]vXhn[w kmtam-]m-kvtX. -

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C§-s\-b -dnªv hm¡mbn Ggp-hn-[-¯n-epÅ Cu bmsXm-cm-ew-_hpw IqSm-sX, (X-§sf DbÀ¯n-s¡m-­pw) kmas¯ Bcv D]m- kn-¡p- ¶p-thm, Ah\v hm¡v GXm- tWm, k©-cn-¡p-¶p. Fs´-¶m Cu BZn-Xy-\m-Ip¶ kmahm¡nsâ tZmlw F¶p ]d-bp- ¶- Xv, B tZmls¯ tZml\w ¯nsâ BZn-`àn `Pn-¡p-¶-h-bm-Ip-¶p. sN¿p-¶ p. A¶-ap-Å-h-\mbpw A¶s¯ `£n-¡p-¶-hAY bXv kw{]Xn a[yw-Znt\ k \mbpw Zo]m-án-bmbpw `hn-¡pw.

K

H³]Xmw JÞw
AY Jez-ap-am-ZnXyw k]vXhn[w kmtam-]m-koX; kÀh Zmka kvt\\-kma; amw {]Xnamw {]XoXn kÀthW ka, kvtX\-km-a.

DZvK oYkv Xtky tZhm A\zm-b-¯mkvX kvamt¯ k¯amx {]mPm-]-Xym-\ m-ap-ZvKoY `mPn-t\m-tly Xky kmav\x

EPq-hmb a[ym-Ó-¯n Cu BZn-Xysâ cq]-ta-tXm, AXv DZvKo- Y- am- Ip- ¶p. Ahsâ B cq]-¯n tZh- ·mÀ A\pK-X-cm-bn-cn-¡p- ¶p. AXn-\m tZh-·mÀ {]Pm-]-Xn-bpsS A]C\n B BZn- Xy-\mbn Ggp-hn- [- ¯n- epÅ kmas¯ D]m- Xy-§-fn h¨v t{ijvT-·m-cm-Ip-¶p. F´p-sIm-s­-¶m kn-¡-Ww. BZn-Xy³ FÃm-bt]mgpw Htc \ne-bn Ccn-¡p- Cu BZn-Xy-\m-Ip¶ kma-¯nsâ DZvKoYw `Pn-¡p-¶-h-cmv ¶p. AXp-sIm­v kma-am-Ip-¶p. FÃm-hÀ¡pw ka-\m-Ip- Ip-¶p. ¶-Xn-\m kma-am-Ip-¶p.

Xkvan-¶ n-am\n kÀhm-Wn-`q-Xm-\y-\ z-b-¯m-\ oXn hnZymXv; Xky-bXv ]ptcm-Z-bmXv k lnwImcx XZky ]ithm f \zmb-¯mkvX kvamt¯ lnw IpÀh´n; lnw Imc `mPn-t\m-tly-Xky kmav\x
B BZn-Xy-\n Cu `qX- §-sfÃmw A\p-K-X- §-fm-bn-cn¡p¶p F¶p a\-Ên-em-¡-Ww. DZ-b-¯n\p ap³]v Chsâ cq]w GXmtWm AXv lnwIm-cam-Ip-¶p. BZn-Xy-\m-Ip¶ kma-¯nsâ B cq]-¯nÂ, ]ip-¡Ä A\p-K-X-§-fm-bn-cn¡p-¶p. AXn-\m ]ip-¡Ä lnw F¶ i_vZw ]pd-s¸-Sphn-¡p-¶p. Cu BZn-Xy-s\¶p ]d-bp¶ kma-¯nsâ lnw Imcw `Pn-¡p¶ ioe-ap-Å-Xm-Ip-¶p.

AY b ZqÀ²zw a[yw Zn\mXv {]mK-]-cm-lvWmXv k {]Xn-lmcx XZ-ky-KÀ`m A\zm-b-¯mkvXkvam t¯ {]Xn-lrXm \mh-]-Zy-t´, {]Xn-lmc `mPn-t \m-tly-Xky kmav\x

D¨-¡p-ta A]-cm-Ó- ¯n\p ap³]v, Chsâ cq]- tatXm AXv {]Xn-lm-c- am- Ip- ¶p. Cu BZn- Xy- cq- ]-amb kmaw B cq]¯n KÀ`- §-Ä A\p-K- X-§-fm-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. AXn- \m KÀ`§Ä ]nt¶m¡w apI-fn-te¡p ]nSn-¡-s¸-«-h-\m-bn-cn-¡p-¶Xp-sIm-­v, Iogvt]m«p hoWp-t]m-hp-¶n-Ã. Cu BZn-Xy-\mIp¶ kma-¯nsâ {]Xn-lm-c-`àn `Pn-¡p-¶-hbm-Ip-¶p. -

AX-bXv {]Y-tam-ZntX k{]-kvXmhx XZ-k y-a-\ pjym A\zm-b-¯mkvX kvamt¯ {]kvXpXn Imamx {]Øm-h-`m-Pnt\m tlyX-ky-k mav \x
AXp-t]mse BZyw DZn-¡p-t¼mÄ DÅ Ahsâ cq]w GtXm AXv {]Øm-hy- am-Ip-¶p. Ahsâ B cq]¯n a\pjyÀ A\p-K-X-cm-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. AXn-\m AhÀ kvXpXn B{K-ln-¡p-¶-h-cmbpw {]iwk B{K-ln-¡p-¶-h-cmbpw Ccn¡p-¶p. Fs´-¶m AhÀ Cu BZn-Xy-\m-Ip¶ kma¯nsâ {]kvXmhw `Pn-¡p-¶-h-cm-Ip-¶p.

AYb ZqÀ²z-a-]-cm-lvWm-Xv, {]mK-kvX-a-bm-Xv, k D]-{Zh kvXZky ff cWy A\zm-b¯m kvXkvamt¯ ]pcpjw Zrãzm I£w iz{`-an-Xyp-]-{Z-h´n; D]-{Zh `mPn-t\m-tly-X-k y-kmav\x
A]-c m- Ó - ¯ n\p ta AkvX - a - b - ¯ n\p ap³]v bmsXmcp cq]-apt­m AXv D]-{Z-h-am-Ip-¶p. Ahsâ B cq]s¯ Ac-Wy-¯n-epÅ P´p-¡Ä¡p, A\zm-b-¯-§fm-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. AXn-\m Ah ]pcp-js\ I­n«v A`-bØm-\-sa¶p hnNm-cn¨v ImSns\ D]- K- an- ¡p-¶p. Fs´-¶m kqÀ¿- cq-]-amb kma-¯nsâ D]-{Zhw `Pn- ¡p-¶-h-bm- Ip-¶p.

AY-bXv kwK-h-th-embmw k BZnx XZky hbmwky \zmb-¯m\n Xkvam-¯m-\y -´-co-t£f \m cw_-Wm-\ym-Zmbm ff ßm\w ]cn-]-X´n; BZn-` m-Po\n tlyX-ky-k mav\x
civan-IÄ Hcp-an¨p IqSp¶ ka-bw, Ahsâ cq]-tatXm AXv BZn-bm-Ip- ¶p. Ahsâ B cq]-¯n ]£n- IÄ A\pK-X -§ -fm-b n-c n-¡p-¶p. AXn-\ m Ah BIm-i-¯nÂ

AY bX {]Y-am-kvX-antX X¶n-[\w XZky]n-Xtcm f \zmb-¯-kvam-¯m-¶n-Z-[Xn; \n[\ `mPn-t\m-tlyX ky kmav\x, Ghw Jez-ap-am-ZnXyw k]vX hn[w kmtam-]mkvtX
AkvX-an-¡m³ XpS-§p-t¼mÄ GXp cq]-amtWm DÅXv, AXv \n[-\-am-Ip-¶p. BZn-Xy-cq-]amb kma-¯nsâ B -

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206

I cq]-¯n ]nXr-¡Ä A\p-K-X-cm-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. AXn-\mÂ

BZn-Xy³ Chn-sS-\n¶n Ccp-]-s¯m- ¶m-a-t¯-Xm-Ip-¶p. Ccp]nXr-¡sf \n[m\w sN¿p-¶p. Fs´- ¶m Cu BZn-Xy-cq- ]-¯n-c-­m-a-t¯-Xp-sIm­v BZn-Xy-\-¸p-d-ap-ÅXp {]m]n-¡p]-amb kma-¯nsâ \n[-\-`àn `Pn-¡p-¶-Xm-Ip-¶p. C{]- ¶p. BZn-X y-\-¸p-dap-ÅXv kpJ-am-bn-«p-Å-Xm-Ip-¶p. AXv Imcw B, BZn- Xy-\mbn Ggp-hn- [-¯n- epÅ kmaw Bcv D]m- timI-an-Ãm-¯-Xm-Ip-¶p. kn- ¡p-¶pthm Ah\v B BZn-Xy-\m-bn-¯o-cpI F¶ ^ew Bkvtvm]n lm ff ZnXyky Pbw ]tcm kn²n-¡p-¶p.

K

]¯mw JÞw
Atlm-cm{Xw apX-emb Ime-¯m PK-¯ns\ \in-¸n¡p-¶-Xp-sIm­v BZn-Xy³ arXyp-hm-Ip-¶p. B arXyp-hns\ IS-bp-¶-Xn-\pÅ kmtam-]m-k\ Cu JÞ-¯n-ep-­v.

lmkym ff ZnXy ky Pbm-Ötbm `hXn; b GX-tZhw hnZzm-\m-ß-kw-an-X-aXn arXyp k]vXhn[w ktam-]mkvtX ktam ]mkvtX

AY-J -ezm-ß -kw-an- XaXn arXyp-k]vX hn[w kmtam-]m-koX lnw Imc CXn {Xy£cw {]kvXmh CXn-Xy-£cw XXv kaw.
C\n Bßm-hn-t\mSp Xpey-ambn Adn-b-s¸-«n-«p-ÅXpw, arXyp-hns\ AXn-{I-an-¨n-«p-ÅXpw Bb Ggp-hn-[-¯n-epÅ kmas¯ D]m-kn-¡-Ww. lnwImcw F¶p-ÅXv aq¶-£-capÅ `àn \ma-am-Ip-¶p. {]kvXmhw F¶p-ÅXp aq¶-£c-ap-Å-Xm-Ip-¶p. AXv ap¼n-e-t¯-Xn-t\mSp Xpey-am-Ip-¶p.

C{]-Im-c-a-dnªv arXyp-hns\ IS-¶, Ggp-hn-[-¯n-epÅ Cu kmaw, Bcv D]m-kn-¡p-¶pthm Ah³ BZn-Xysâ Pbw {]m]n-¡p-¶p. Ch\v BZn-Xysâ Pb-¯nÂ\n¶v ]c-aamb Pbw D­m-Ipw.

]Xn- s \m¶mw JÞw
at\m lnw Imtcm, hmIv{]-kvXm-h, Ý£p cpZvKoYx t{im{Xw {]Xn-lmcx {]mtWm \n[-\-ta-XZvKm-b{Xw {]mtWjp t{]mXw. a\Êv lnwIm-c-am-Ip-¶p. hm¡v {]kvXm-ha m-Ip-¶p. N£pÊv DZvKo-Y-am-Ip-¶p. t{im{Xw {]Xn-lm-c-am-Ip-¶p. {]mW³ \n[-\-am-Ip-¶p. Cu Kmb{Xw kmaw, hm¡v apXem-bhbn {]Xn-jvTn-X- am-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. - -

BZn-cnXn Zz£-cw, {]Xn-lm-c-C-Xn-N-Xp-c-£c XX C sslIw, XÕ-aw.
BZn F¶ `àn-\maw c­-£-c-ap-Å-Xm-Ip-¶p. {]Xnlmcw F¶Xv \me-£-c-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-Xm-Wv. {]Xn-lmcw F¶-Xn \n¶v Hc-£cw BZn F¶ c­-£-c-§-fn tNÀ¡-s¸-Sp-¶p. AXp kma-am-Ip-¶p.

DZvKoY CXn-{Xy-£-cap-]-{Zh CXn NXp c£cw; {Xn`n-kv{Xn`nx kaw `h-Xn, A £c-a-h-in-jytX {Xy£cw XÕ-aw.

kb Gh-ta-XZv Kmb{Xw {]mtW-jp-t{]mXw thZ, {]mWn-`hXn kÀh-am-bp-tcXn tPymKv Poh-Xn-a-lm³ {]P-bm-] -ip-Zn-`h Xna-lm³ IoÀ¯ym, alm-a\mx kyXv X{Z -Xw.

DZvKoY sa¶Xv aq¶-£-c-ap-Å-Xm-Ip- ¶p. D]- {Zhw F¶Xv C{]-Imcw {]mW-§-fn {]Xn-jvTn-X-amb Cu Kmb-{X\me-£- c-ap-Å-Xm-W.v ap½q-¶-£- c-§-Ä sIm­v C{X `àn amb kmaw Bcv Adn-bp-¶p-thm, Ah³ {]mW-§-fp-Å-h\ma-§Ä c­pw ka-am-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. Hc-£cw A[nIw hcp- \m-bn-¯o-cpw. FÃm BbpÊpw {]m]n¡pw; DÖz-e-amb hn[¶p. aq¶-£- c-§-tfmSp IqSn-b-Xm-I-bm AXv ka-am-Ip-¶p. ¯n Pohn-¡pw. Ah³ {]P-sb-s¡m-­pw, ]ip-¡-sfsIm­pw alm-\ m-b n-¯o-c p-¶ p. IoÀ¯n-sIm­v alm\n[-\-an-Xn-{Xy-£cw XXv ka-tah `hXn \mbn¯ocp-¶p. alm-a-\Êm-bn-cn-¡Ww F¶Xv Kmb-t{XmXm\n-lhm GXm\n Zzm hnwKXn c£cmWn. ]m-k-Isâ {hX-am-Ip-¶p. \n[\w F¶Xv aq¶-£-c-ap-Å-Xm-Ip-¶p. AXv kaw Xs¶- bm-Ip-¶p. A§-s\-bpÅ Cu A£-c-§Ä Ccp-]-¯n]{´­mw JÞw c-­m-Ip-¶p.

GI hnwiXym ff ZnXy-am-]vt\m-t\yI hnwtimhm CtXm f kmhm-ZntXym Zzmhnw-ti-\-] -c-am-Zn-Xym-Ö -b-X n, X¶mIw XZzn timIw.
Ccp-]s¯m-¶p-sIm­v BZn-Xys\ {]m]n-¡p-¶p. Cu -

A`n-a-Ù-Xn-k-lnw-I-tcm, [qtam PmbtX k{]-kvXm-thm, Pze-Xnk DZvKotYm f §v Kmcm-`-h´n k {]Xn-lm-c, D] imay-Xn-X-¶n-[ -\w, kwim-ay-Xn-X-¶ n-[\w GX-{ZYw Xc-aáu t{]mXw.

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aY\w sN¿pI F¶-tXtXm AXv lnwIm-cam-Ip-¶p. \m-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. Xsâ InS- ¡-b hcp¶ Hcp-h-tfbpw Dt]n [qaw D­m- IpI F¶-tX-tXm, AXp {]kvXm- h- am- Ip- ¶p. Pzen- £n- ¡-cpXv AXp {hX-am-Ip-¶p. ¡pI F¶-tXtXm AXv DZvKo-Y-am-Ip-¶p. I\-ep-I-fm-bn-¯ocp-I-sb-¶-tXtXm AXp {]Xn-lm-c-am-Ip- ¶p. D]-i-an¡ F¶tX-tXm, AXp \n[-\-am-Ip-¶p. kwi-an¡ F¶-tXtXm AXv ]Xn-¶ memw JÞw \n[-\-am-Ip-¶p. Cu cYw Xcw Aán-bn {]Xn-jvTn-X-amDZy³ lnwImc DZnXx {]kvXm-thm, a[yw-Zn\ Ip-¶p. DZvKotYm f ]cmlvWx {]Xn-lmtcm f kvXw

K

k b Gh-ta-X-{ZYw Xc-aáu t{]mXw thZ, {_Ò-hÀ¨-ky-¶mtZm `hXn kÀh-am-bp-tcXn tPymKv Poh-Xn, alm³ {]Pbm ]ip`n À`hXn alm³ IoÀ¯ym \ {]Xy Aán-amNm ta´ \n jvTothXvXZv{hXw
Aán-bn {]Xn-jTn-X-amb Cu cYw Xcs¯ Bcv Adnv bp-¶pthm Ah³ {_Ò-hÀ¨-a-Zp-Å-h\mbpw A¶- Zm-\\mbpw `hn-¡p-¶p. FÃm Bbp-Ên-t\bpw {]m]n- ¡p- ¶p. DPze-ambn Pohn-¡p-¶p. {]P-sb-s¡m-­pw, ]ip- ¡-sf-sIm­pw alm-\m-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. IoÀ¯n-sIm­v alm-\m-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. Aán¡v A`n-ap-J-ambncp¶v H¶pw `£n-¡-cp-Xv. Imdn-¯p¸-cp-Xv. CXp {hX-am-Ip-¶p.

b¶n-[\w GXZv _rl-Zm-ZntXy t{]mXw.
DZn-¨p-hcp¶ BZn-Xy³ lnwIm-c-am-Ip-¶p. DZn-¨Xnsâ tij-apÅ BZn-Xy³ {]kvXm-h-\-am-Ip-¶p. a[yw-Zn\w DZvKoY-am-Ip-¶p. A]-cmlvWw {]Xn-lm-c-am-Ip-¶p. AkvX-a-\-¯nte¡p Kan-¡p¶ BZn-Xy³ \n[-\-am-Ip-¶p. Cu _rls¯¶ kmaw BZn-Xy-\n {]Xn-jTn-X-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. v

kb Gh-ta-XZv _rl-Zm-ZntXy t{]mXw thZ tXP-kzy¶mtZm `hXn kÀham-bp-tcXn tPymKvPo-h-Xn, alm³ {]Pbm ]ip-`nÀ `hXn alm³ IoÀ¯ym, X]´w \\n-tµXv XZv{hXw
C{]-Imcw BZn-Xy-\n {]Xn-jvTn-X-amb Cu _rls¯¶ kma-s¯, Bcv Adn-bp-¶pthm Ah³ tXP-Êp-Åh-\m-bpw, A¶s¯ AZn-¡p-¶-h-\mbpw Xocp-¶p. Ah³ apgp-h³ Bbp-Ên-t\bpw {]m]n-¡p-¶p. DPz-e-ambn Pohn¡p-¶p. Ah³ {]P-sb-s¡m-­pw, ]ip-¡-sf-s¡m­pw alm-\m-bn-¯o-cp-¶p, IoÀ¯n-sIm­v alm-\m-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. X]n-¡p¶ BZn-Xys\ \nµn-¡-cp-Xv. AXv {hX-am-Ip-¶p.

]Xn-aq¶mw JÞw
D]-a-{´-btX klnw-Im-tcm, Ú]-btXk {]kvXmhx kv{Xobm-kl titXk DZvKoYx {]Xnkv{Xow kl-titX k{]-Xn-lmcx Imew-K-ÑXn X¶n-[\w ]cw-K-ÑXn X¶n-[-\-taX Zzma-tZhyw anYp-t\-t{]mXw
D]-a-{´n-¡pI F¶tXtXm, AXp {]kvXm-ham-Ip-¶p. kt´m-jn-¸n-¡pI F¶ tXtXm AXp {]kvXm-h-am-Ip-¶p. kv{Xotbm-Sp-IqSn ibn¡ F¶-tXtXm AXv {]Xn-lm-c-am-Ip¶p. ssaYp\w sIm­p Imew Ign-bp-¶-tXtXm AXv AXp \n[-\-am-Ip-¶p. Cu hma-tZ-hy-sa¶ kmaw anYp-\-¯n {]Xn-jvTn-X-am-Ip-¶p.

]Xn-\ ©mw JÞw
A{`mWn kw¹-ht´ klnw-Im-tcm, ta LmPm-bt´ k{]-kvXm-thm, hÀjXn k DZvKo-tYm, hntZym-XtX kvX\-bXn k {]Xn-lm-c, DZvKr-lvWmXn X¶n-[\w GXZv ssh cq]w hÀPt\y t{]mXw.
A{`-§Ä Db-cp-¶p. AXv lnw Imc-am-Ip-¶p. taLw D­m-Ip-¶p. AXp {]kvXm-h-am-Ip-¶p. hÀjn-¡p-¶p. AXv DZvKo-Y-am-Ip-¶p. an¶Â an¶p-Ibpw CSn-sh-«p-Ibpw sN¿p¶p. AXp {]Xn-lm-c-am-Ip-¶p. ag s]¿p-¶p. AXp \n[-\-amIp-¶p. Cu sshcp-]-sa¶ kmaw ]ÀP-\y-¯n {]Xn-jvTnX-am-Ip-¶ p.

kb Gh-taX Zzma-tZhyw anYp-t\-t{]mXw thZ anYp\o `hXn anYp-\m-·n-Yp-\m {]Pm-btX kÀh-am-bp-tcXn tPymKv Poh Xn, alm³ {]Pb ]ip`n À`h-Xn, alm³ IoÀ¯ym, \Iw-N\ ]cn-l-tc-Xv.
C{]-Imcw anYp-\-¯n {]Xn-jvTn-X- amb Cu hma-tZ-hyamb kmas¯ Bcv Adn-bp-¶p-thm, Ah³ anYp-\-ap-Å-h\m-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. Ah³ Hmtcm anYp-\-¯nÂ\n¶pw k´m\-cq-]-¯n P\n-¡p-¶p. Ah³ apgp-h³ BbpÊpw {]m]n¡p-¶p. DÖz-e-ambn Pohn-¡p-¶p. {]P-sb-s¡m­pw ]ip¡- sfs¡m­pw alm-\m-bn-¯o-cp- ¶p, IoÀ¯n-sIm­p alm-

kb Gh-taX ssZzcq]w ]ÀP-t\y-t{]mXw thZ hncq]mw Ýkp-c]mw Ý ]iq-\-hcp tÔ; kÀh-am-bp-tcXn; tPymKvP o-hXn; alm³ {]Pbm ]ip-`nÀ`-hXn; alm³ IoÀ¯ym; hÀj´w \µn-tµ-Xv\-Zv{h-Xw.

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]ÀÖ-\y-¯n {]Xn-jvTn-X-amb Cu sshcq-]amb kmas¯ Bcv Adn-bp-¶pthm Ah\v kzcq-]-§-fm-bpw, hncq-]§-fmbpw DÅ ]ip-¡sf e`n-¡p-¶p. Ah³ apgph³ Bbp-Ên-t\bpw {]m]n-¡p-¶p. DÖz-e-ambn Pohn-¡p¶p. Ah³ {]P-sb-s¡m-­pw, ]ip-¡-sf-s¡m­pw alm\m-bn-¯o-cp-¶ p. IoÀ¯n-sIm­p alm-\m-bn- ¯o-cp-¶p. hÀjn-¡p¶ taLs¯ \nµn-¡-cp-Xv. AXp {hX-am-Ip-¶p.

temI-§-fn {]Xn-jTn-X- amb Cu iIz-cn-IÄ F¶p ]dv bp¶ kma-hn-ti- js¯ Bcv Adn-bp- ¶p- thm, Ah³ temIap-Å-h-\m-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. Ah³ apgp-h³ Bbp-Ênt\ {]m]n¡p-¶p. DÖz-e-ambn Pohn-¡p-¶p. {]P-sb-s¡m­pw ]ip¡- sf-s¡m­pw alm- \m- bn- ¯o-cp-¶p. IoÀ¯n-sIm­p alm\m-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. temI- §sf \nµn-¡- cp- Xv. AXv {hX-am-Ip-¶p.

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]Xn-s\«mw JÞw ]Xn-\ mdmw JÞw
hkt´m lnwIm-tcm, {Kojvax {]kvXm-thm, hÀj DZvKoYx icXv {]Xn-lm-tcm, tla-t´m-\ n-[-\ -taX ssZzcm-P-arXpjpt{]mXw
hk´w lnwIm-c-am-Ip-¶p. {Kojvaw {]kvXm-h-am-Ip-¶p. hÀj EXp DZvKo-Y-am-Ip-¶p. ic¯v {]Xn-lm-c-am-Ip-¶p. tla´w \n[-\-am-Ip-¶p. Cu sshcm-P-amb kmaw EXp-¡fn {]Xn-jvTn-X-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶p.

APm lnwImtcm f hbx {]kvXmthm Kmh DZvKotYm f izmx {]Xn-lmcx ]pcptjm \n[-\-taXm tchXyx ]ip-jvT-t{]mXmx
AP-§Ä lnwIm-c-am-Ip-¶p. Ipdn-bm-Sp-IÄ {]kvXm-h-amIp-¶p. tKm¡Ä DZvKo-Y-am-Ip-¶p. Aiz- §Ä {]Xn-lm-c-amIp-¶p. tch-Xn-IÄ F¶p ]d-bp¶ kma-hn-ti-jw, ]ip-¡fn {]Xn-jvTn-X-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶p.

k b Gh taX ssZzcm-P-ar-Xp-jp-t{]mXw thZ hnc-PXn {]-Pbm ]ip-`nÀ {_Ò hÀ¨-tk\ kÀh-am-bp-tcXn tPymKv Poh-Xn-a-lm³ {]Pbm ]ip-`nÀ `hXn alm³ IoÀ¯yÀ¯p³ \n\n-tµXv XXv{hXw
C§ns\ EXp-¡- fn {]Xn-jTn-X-amb Cu sshcm-P-amb v kmas¯ Bcv Adn-bp-¶pthm Ah³ {]P-sb-sIm­pw ]ip-¡-sf- s¡m­pw {_Ò-hÀ¨kw sIm­pw tim`n- ¡p-¶p. apgp-h³ Bbp-Ênt\ e`n-¡p-¶p. DÖz-e-ambn Pohn-¡p-¶p. {]P-sb- s¡m­pw ]ip-¡-sf- s¡m­pw alm-\m- bn-¯o- cp-¶p. EXp-¡sf \nµn-¡-cp-Xv. AXv {hX-am-Ip-¶p.

kb Gh-taXm tchXymx ]ip-jpt{]m Xm thZ ]ip-am³ `hXn kÀh-am-bp-tcXn tPymKvPo-hXn alm³ {]Pbm ]ip `nÀ`-hXn alm³ IoÀ¯ym ]iq³ \ \ntµXv XZv{h-Xw.
C{]-Imcw ]ip-¡-fn {]Xn-jTn-X-amb Cu tch-Xn-IÄ v F¶p ]d-bp-¶, kma-hn-ti-js¯ Bcp Adn-bp-¶p-thm, Ah³ ]ip-¡-fp-Å-h-\m-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. Ah³ apgp-h³ BbpÊpw {]m]n-¡ p- ¶ p. DÖz-e - a mbn Pohn- ¡ p-¶ p. {]Psbs¡m­pw ]ip-¡-sf-s¡m­pw alm-\m- bn-¯o- cp¶p. ]ip-¡sf \nµn-¡-cp-Xv. AXp {hX-am-Ip-¶p.

]s¯m³]Xmw JÞw ]Xn-t\gmw JÞw
]rYnho lnwImtcm f ´co£w {]kvXm-thm, ZyuX-ZvKotYm Znix {]Xn lmcx, k apt{Zm \n[-\-tatXx iIzÀt¿mtem tIjp t{]mXmx
]rYnhn lnwIm-cam-Ip-¶p. A´-co£w {]-kXm-h-am-Ipv ¶p. tZymhv DZvKo-Y-am-Ip-¶p. Zo¡p-IÄ {]Xn-lm-cam-Ip-¶p. kap{Zw \n[- \- am-Ip-¶p. Cu iIz-cn- IÄ F¶p ]d- bp¶ kmahn-tijw temI-§-fn {]Xn-jTn-X-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. v

tema lnwIm-c, kvXIv {]kvXmthm amwk apZvKo-tYm, f Øn {]Xn lmtcm, aÖm-\n-[\ taX-Zy-Úb-Úo-b-a§v tKjvT t{]mXw temaw lnwIm-c-am-Ip-¶p. XzIv {]kvXm-ha m-Ip-¶ p. amwkw DZvKo-Y-am-Ip-¶p. AØn {]Xn-lm-c-am-Ip-¶p. aÖ \n[-\-am-Ip-¶p. Cu bÚm-b-Úo-b-sa¶ kmaw tZlm-hb-h-§-fn {]Xn-jvTn-X-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶p.

k b Gh taXmx iIzÀt¿m temtIjp t{]mXm thZ temIo `hXn kÀh-ambp tcXn tPymKvPo-hXn alm³ {]Pbm ]ip-`nÀ`-hXn alm³ IoÀ¯ym-tem-Im³ \ \ntµXv XZv{hXw

k b Gh taXy-Zy-Úm-b-Úo-b-aw-tKjp t{]mXw thZmwKo `h-Xn\mw tK\ hnlqÀÑ-Xn, kÀh-am-bp-tc-Xn, tPymKv Poh-Xn, alm³ {]Pbm ]ip-`nÀ`-hXn alm³ IoÀ¯ym-kw-h-Õcw aPvtÚm \miv\n-bmXv XZv{h-Xw, aPvtÚm\wiv\obm ZnXn-hm

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C{]-Imcw tZhm-h-b-h-§-fn {]Xn-ãn-X-am-b, bÚmb-Úo-b-sa¶ Cu kmas¯ Bcv Adn-bp-¶p-thm, Ah³ FÃm Ah-b -h-§epw XnI-ª-h-\m-b n-¯o-cpw. Ah³ A§vK w- s Im­v IpSn- e -\ m- b n-¯ o-c p- I - b n-à . apgp- h ³ BbpÊpw {]m]n¡pw; DÖz-e-ambn Pohn-¡pw. {]P-sbs¡m­pw ]ip-¡sf sIm­pw alm-\m- bn-¯o-cpw. IoÀ¯nsIm­p alm-\m-Ipw. Hcp kwh-Õ-c-t¯¡v amwkw `£n¡-cp-Xv. AXp {hX-am-Wv. (H-cn-¡epw `£n-¡-cpXv F¶pam-Imw.)

Ip-¶p. kÀ¸-§Ä, KÔÀh-·mÀ, ]n-Xr-¡Ä Ch \n[-\amIp-¶p. Cu kma-k-ap-Zmbw kÀh-¯nepw {]Xn-jvTn-X- am-bncn- ¡p-¶ p.

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k b Gh-ta-XXv kma kÀh-kvan³ t{]mXw thZ kÀÆw l `hXn
C{]-Imcw kÀh-¯nepw {]Xn-jTn-X-amb Cu kmas¯ v Bcp Adn-bp-¶p-thm, Ah³ kÀÆ-hp-am-bn-¯o-cp-¶p.

XtZ-j-tÇmIx
B AÀ°- ¯n Xmsg-¸-d-bp¶ a{´hpw D­v.

Ccp-] Xmw JÞw
Aán lnw Imtcm, hmbpx {]kvXm-h, B ZnXy DZvKo-tYm, \£-{XmWn {]Xn-lm-c, Ý{µ-am-\n-[ -\-ta-X -{Zm-P\w tZhXm kpt{]m-Xw.

bm\n ]©-[ m-{Xo-Wn-{Xo-Wn-tX-t`ym\ Pymbx ]c-a-\y-ZkvXn; bkvXtZzZ k thZ kÀhw kÀhm Zntim _en-akvssalc´n

A©p hn[-¯n aq½q-¶mbn GXmtWm ]d-b-s¸-«-Xv, Aán lnwIm-c-am-Ip-¶p. hmbp {]kvXm-h-am-Ip-¶p. BZnAh-sb-¡mÄ al-¯-chpw `n¶-ambpw thsdmcp hkvXp Xy³ DZvKo-Y-am-Ip-¶p. \£-{X-§Ä {]Xn-lm-c-am-Ip-¶p. CÃ. kÀhm-ß-I-amb Cu kmas¯ Bcv Adn-bp-¶p-thm, N{µ³ \n[-\-am-Ip-¶p. Cu cmP-sa¶ kmaw tZh-X-I-fn Ah\v FÃm Zn¡p-I-fn DÅ- hcpw _en-sIm-Sp-¡p-¶p. {]Xn-jTn-X- am-bn-cn-¡p-¶ p. v

k b Gh taX-{Z-P\w tZh-Xmkp t{]mXw th ssZh-Xmkm tah tZh Xm\mw ktemI Xmw kÀãnXmw kmbqPyw KÑXn kÀh-am-bp-tcXn tPmKv Poh-Xn, alm³ {]Pbm ]ip `n À`hXn alm³ IoÀ¯ym {_mÒ-W³ \ \ntµXv XZv{h-Xw.
C§s\ tZh-X-I-fn {]Xn-jTn-X-amb Cu tcmP-\-sa¶ v kmas¯ Bcv Adn-bp-¶p-thm, Ah³ Cu tZh-X-I-fpsS kmtem-Iy-t¯-tbm, kam-\-amb sFiz-cy-t¯mSp IqSn-tbmbn-cn-¡p¶ Ah-Ø-tb-tbm, kmbq-Py-t¯-tbm, {]m]n-¡p¶p. apgp-h³ Bbp-Ênt\ {]m]n-¡p-¶p. DÖzeambn Pohn¡p- ¶p. {]P- I-sf- s¡m­pw ]ip-¡- sf-s¡m­pw alm-\m- bn¯o-cp-¶p. {_mÒ-Wsc \nµn-¡-cp-Xv. AXp {hX-am-Ip-¶p.

kÀh-a-kvao-Xyp-]m-koX; XZv {hXw XXv {hXw
Rm³ kÀh- hp- am-Ip¶p F¶p D]m-kn-¡-Ww. AXv {hXam-Ip-¶p.

Ccp-] -¯ n-c ­mw JÞw
hn\À±n kmavt\m hrtW ]i-hy-an-Xytá cpZv KotYm f \ncpàx {]Pm-]-tX, ¶ncpàx tkma-ky, arZp-¥-jWw hmtbmx ¥jvWw _e-h-Zn-{µ-ky, {Iu©w _rl-kv]tX, c]-[zm´w hcp-Wky; Xm³ kÀhm-t\thm ]tk thX; hmcpWw tXzh hÀÖ-tb-Xv.
hn\À±-t¯m-Sp-Iq-S n-bXpw, ]ip-¡Ä¡v lnX-hp-amb kmas¯ kw_- Ôn¨ Km\w Rm³ {]mÀ°n-¡p-¶p. CXv Aán-tZ-h\m-bn-«pÅ DZvKo-Y-am-Ip-¶p. {]Pm-]Xn tZh-\m-bn«pÅ DZvKoYw GXp-{]-Imcw BtWm, AXp-t]mse F¶p \nÀh-Nn-¡-s¸-Sm-¯-Xm-Ip-¶ p. tkma³ tZh-X-bm-bn-«pÅ DZvKoYw kv]jvT-am-bn-«p-Å-X m-Ip-¶p. hmbp tZh-X-bm-bn«pÅ Km\w arZphpw a[p-c-am-bn-«p-ÅXpw BIp-¶p. C{µ³ tZh-X-bm-bn-«pÅ Km\w Ç£vWhpw _e-ap-ÅXpw BIp¶p. _rl-k]Xn tZh-\m-bn-«pÅ Km\w {Iu©-]-£n-bpsS v \mZ-¯n\p ka-am-Ip-¶p. hcp-W³ tZh-\m-bn-«pÅ Km\w, s]m«nb Hm«nsâ kzc-¯n\p ka-am-Ip-¶p. Ah-sbÃmw Xs¶ {]tbm-Kn-¡-Ww. F¶m hcp-W³ tZh-\m-bn-«p-ÅXns\ am{Xw hÀÖn-¡-Ww.

Ccp- ] - s ¯m¶mw JÞw
{Xbo-hn-Zym-lnw-Im-c, kv{Xb Cta temIx k{]-kvXmthm f án hmbq-cm-ZnXyx k DZvKo-tYm, \£-{XmWn hbmwkn aco-Nbx k{]-Xn-lmcx, kÀ¸m KÔÀhx ]nXc kv\¶n-[-\ta-XXv kma kÀhkvan³ t{]mXw.
{Xbo hnZy lnwIm- c- am-Ip-¶p. Cu aq¶p temI- §Ä AXv {]kvXm-hn-¡p-¶p. Aán, hmbp, BZn-Xy³ Ch DZvKo-Y-amIp-¶p. \£-{X-§Ä, ]£n-IÄ, civan-IÄ Ch {]Xn-lm-c-am-

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Rm³ C{µ-\n _ew sImSp¡pw F¶p-h¨v FÃm kzc§fpw apg-¡-ap-Åhbm-bpw, _e-ap-Å-h-bmbpw D¨-cn-¡- s¸-tS-­-h-bm-Ip-¶p. Rm³ {]Pm-]-Xn-¡v, Ah-\-hs\ Zm\w sN¿s« F¶p hnNm-cn-¨v, FÃm Dujvam-¡fpw DÅn {]th-in-¸n-¡-s¸-Sm-¯-h-bm-bpw, shfn-bn XÅ-s¸-Sm-¯Rm³ tZh-·mÀ¡v Aar-XXzw km[n-¨p- sIm- Sp-¡-s«. ]nXr- h-bmbpw hnhrX {]b-Xv\-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Snbpw ]d-b-s¸-tS-­-h¡Ä¡v DÅ kz[ Rm³ BKm\w sN¿-s«. a\p-jyÀ¡v bm-Ip-¶p. arXyp- hn \n¶v Ah- \-hs\ Rm³ ]cn- l-cn-¡s« Bisb B Km\w sN¿-s«. ]ip- ¡Ä¡v ]pÃpw shÅhpw F¶p hnNm-cn-¨v, FÃm kv]Ài-§-fpw, kmh-[m-\-¯n BKm\w sN¿-s«. bP-am-\\v kzÀ¤-tem-Is¯ BKm\w asämcp hÀ®-t¯mSp Ie-cm-¯-h-bm-bn, D¨-cn-¡-s¸-tS-­sN¿-s«. bP-am-\\v kzÀ¤-tem-Is¯ BKm\w sN¿-s«. h-bm-Ip-¶p. Ahsb D¨-cn-¡p-t¼mÄ Rm³ Pem-Zn-Ifn F\n¡v A¶s¯ BKm\w sN¿-s«. C§s\ Ch a\-Êp- \n¶p _me-·msc F¶-Xp-t]m-se, arXyp-hnÂ\n¶v BßmsIm­v [ym\n¨p {]am-Zw IqSmsX kvXpXn-¡p-¶p. hns\ ]cn-l-cn-¡s« F¶v [ym\n-¡p-Ibpw thWw.

Aar-XXzw tZth`y BKm-bm-\oXv XymKm-tb-Xv, kz[mw ]nXr`y Bimw a\p-tj`y kv XrtWm-ZIw ]ip`yx kzÀ¤w temIw bP-am-\m-bm-¶am ß\ BKmbm \ntXy-Xm\n a\Êm [ymb¶ {]W¯x kvXphoX

\`n lnXm-h-àhy artXym-cm-ßm\w ]cn-l-c m-WoXn

K

kÀth-kzc C{µky ff ßm\x kÀh Du jvaWmx {]Pm-]tX cmßm\x kÀth kv]Àiw artXym-cm-ßm-\kvXw bZn kztc jq ]me-t`-tX{µw icWw {]]t¶m f `qhw kXzm {]Xn-h-£y-Xo-tXy\w {_qbm-Xv.

Ccp-] -¯ n- aq¶mw JÞw
{Xtbm [À½-kvI-Ôm, btÚm f [yb\w Zm\-anXn {]Y-a, kvX] Gh ZznXo-tbm, {_Ò-NÀ¿m NÀ¿ Ipe-hmko XrXob f Xy´-am-ßm-\am NÀ¿-Ipte ff hkmZ b³, kÀh GtX ]pWy-temIm `h´n; {_Ò-kwtØm f arX-Xz-ta-Xn.

FÃm kzc-§fpw _ew \ÂIp¶ {]mWsâ Bßm-¡fm-Ip-¶p. FÃm Dujvam-¡fpw {]Pm-]-Xn-bpsS Bßm-¡-fmIp-¶p. FÃm kv]Ài- §fpw arXyp- hnsâ Bßm-¡-fm- Ip-¶p. C{]- Im-c-a-dn-bp¶ DZvKm-Xm-hns\ kzc- §sf kw_-Ôn¨v Ipäs¸-Sp-¯p-Ibm-sW-¦n Rm³ C{µs\ icWw {]m]n-¨n-«p[À½-kI-Ô-§Ä aq¶m-Ip-¶p. Ah bÚw, A[y-bv ­v. C{µ³ \nt¶mSv D¯cw ]d-bpw. F¶v Ipä-s¸-Sp-¯n-b- \w, Zm\w F¶n-h-bm-Ip- ¶p. H¶m- a- t¯Xp kvIÔhpw c­mh-t\mSv ]d-b-Ww. a-t¯Xv X]Êpw BIp-¶p. aq¶m-a-t¯-Xv, BNm-cy-Ip-e¯n hkn-¡p¶ ioe-ap-Å-h\pw, Ah-km-\w-htc BßmAY btZy\ aqjvakq ]me-t`-X, {]Pm hns\ BN-cy-Ip-e- ¯n £oWn- ¸n-¡p-¶-h\pw Bb, {_Ò]Xnw icWw {]]t¶m f `qhw kXzm Nm-cn-bm-Ip-¶p. Ch-scÃmw ]pWy-tem-I§-fp-Å-h-cm-Ip-¶p. {]Xn-t]-jy-Xo-tXy\w {_qbmXv; AY {_Ò-¯n {]hÀ¯n- ¡p-¶-h³ Aar-XXzw {]m]n-¡p-¶p.

btZy\w kv]Àtijp ]me-t`-X, arXypw icWw {]]t¶m f `qhw kXzm {] Xn[-£y-X o-tXy\w {_qbm-Xv.
AXp-t]mse Xs¶, D¤m-Xm-hn-s\, Dujvam-¡sf kw_Ôn¨v Ipä-s¸-Sp-¯p-Ibm-sW-¦nÂ, Rm³ {]Pm-]-Xnsb icWw {]m]n-¨n-«p-­v. B tZh³ \ns¶ kwNqÀ®\w sN¿pw F¶v Ch-t\mSp ]d-bWw. AXp-t]mse DZvKm-Xmhnsâ kv]Ài-\-§-sf, kw_-Ôn¨v Ipä-s¸-Sp-¯p-I-bm-sW¦nÂ, Rm³ arXyp-hns\ icWw {]m]n-¨n-«p-­v. B tZh³ \ns¶ Zln-¸n¡pw F¶v Ipä-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶-ht\mSv ]d-b-Ww. -

{]Pm]XnÀ tÃmIm-\-`y-X-]Xv tXt`ym f ZnX ]vtX`y-kv{Xbo hnZymkw {]m{k-hXv; Xma-`y-X-]Xv Xkym A`n-X-]vXmbm GXm-\y-£-cmWn kw{]m-{k-hX `qÀ `hx kzcnXn
{]Pm-]-Xn, temI-§sf DtZ-in¨v [ym\-cq-]-amb X]Êp sNbvXp. A`n-X- ]vX- §-fmb Btem-I-§- fn \n¶v {Xbo- hnZy h¶p. B, {Xbo-hn-Zysb Dt±-in¨v A`n-X-]n-¨p. A`n-X-]vXamb B {Xbo-hn-Zy-bn \n¶v `qx `qhx kzx F¶o A£-c§Ä e`n-¨p.

kÀth k cmtLm-j-ht´m _e-ht´m hàhym Ct{µ-_ew ZZm-\oXn; kÀh DujvWmtWm f {KkvXm A\n-ckvXm hnhrXm hà hyx {]Pm-]tX cmßm\w ]cn-`Zm \oXn; kÀth-kv]Àim-te-ti\m

Xm\y-`y-X]Xv; tXt`ym f `nX-]vtX`y HmwImcx kw{]-{k-hXv; XZyYm i¦p\m kÀhmWn ]À®m\n kwXr-®m-t\yh taw ItcW kÀhm hmIv kwXr®m Hmw Imw Gth Zw kÀhw

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Ahsb A`n-X-]n¨p. A`n-X-]X-§-fm-b, B A£-c-§v fn \n¶v, Hmw Imcw {]{k-hn-¨p. B HmwIm-c-cq-]amb {_Òw F§n-s\-bp-ÅsX-¶mÂ, FÃm Ce-Ifpw Ce-¯­n-\m hym]vX-§Ä Bbn-cn-¡p-¶p-thm, AXp-t]mse FÃm hm¡pw HmwIm-c -¯m hym]vX- a m-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. CsXÃmw HmwImcw Xs¶-bm-Ip-¶p.

CXv bP-am-\-\mb Fsâ temI-am-W.v bP-am-\-\mb Rm³, Pohn-Xm-Imew Ignªv, Cu temI- ¯n Kan-¡p-am-dm-I-tW. kzml! temI-Zzm-c-¯nsâ AÀ¤-f-s¯, \o¡-tW. C§s\ ]dªp Fgp- t¶Â¡p- ¶p. B bP-am-\\v hkp- ¡Ä, {]mXx kh-\-t¯mSp kw_- Ôn¨ temIw, sImSp-¡p-¶p.

K

Ccp-] -¯ n- \ memw JÞw
{_Ò hmZn-t\m-h-Z´n bZv hkq\mw {]mXx kh\w cq{ZmWmw am[yw Zn\w kh\ am`n Xym\mw N hntiz jmw N tZhm\mw XrZo-b -k-Z\w

]pcm-am[yw Zn\ky kh-\-tkym-]m-I-cWm ÖL-t\\ ff áo{[n-b-tkym-Z-§vapJ D] hniy kpcu{Zw kam`nKm-bXn þþ tem 3 I Zzmc-a-]mh 3 À Wq ]tiy aXzm hbw sshcm 33333 lp 3 av B 33 tPym 3 tbm 3 B 32 CXn.

am[yw Zn\-amb kh- \-¯nsâ Bcw-`- ¯n-\p-ap³]v, Z£nWm-án-bpsS ]nd-InÂ, hS-t¡m«p apJ-ambn Ccp-¶n- «v, bP{_Ò-hm-Zn-IÄ ]d-bp¶p: {]mXx kh-\-sa¶p {]kn-²am-bn-«pÅ tXtXm, AXv hkp-¡-fpsS hI-bm-Ip-¶p. a[ym- am- \³, cp{Z³ tZh-X- bm-bn-«pÅ kmas¯ A`n-Km\w sN¿pÓ- ¯n-epÅ kh\w cp{Z-·m- cpsS hI-bm- Ip-¶p. aq¶m-as¯ ¶p. temI- ¯nsâ Zzmcw Xpd-¡-tW. \mw sshcm- Py- ¯n-\mbn kh\w BZn-Xy-·m-cp-tSbpw hniz-tZ-h-·m-cp-tSbpw BIp-¶p. At§ ImW-s«.

Iz XÀln bP-am-\ky temI-CXn kb-kvXwX hnZym-XvIYw IpÀ¿mXv? AY hnZzm³ IpÀ¿Xv
At¸mÄ bP-am-\\v temIw FhnsS? CsöpÅXpsIm­v temIw hm§n-¡p-hm- \pÅ D]mbw Bcv Adn-bm-Xncn-¡p-¶p-thm, Ah³ F§ns\ bÚw sN¿pw? AXn-\m Adn-ªn-«p-Å-h³ sN¿-Ww.

]pcm {]mX-c\p hmI tkym]m-I-c-Wm-ÖL t\\ KmÀl-]-Xy-tkym-Z§v apJ D]-hniy khm-khw kmam-`n-Km-bXn:þ tem 3 I Zzmc-a-]mhm 3 Wq 33 ]tiy a Xzm hbw cm 33333 lp 3 av B 33 Pym 3 tbm 3 B 32 CXn.
{]X-c\p hmI-¯nsâ Bcw-`-¯n\p ap³]v KmÀl-]-Xymán-bpsS ]nd-In Bbn«v hS-t¡m«p apJ-ambn Ccp-¶v, bPam-\³ hkp-¡Ä tZh- X-bm-bn-«pÅ kmaw A`n-Km\w sN¿p¶p. temI-Zzmcw Xpd-¡q. \mw cmPy-¯n-\mbn A§tb ImW-t«.

AY-Pq-tlmXn:þ \tam hmb-th f -´-co£ £ntX temI £ntX, temIw ta bPam\mb hµ; Gj ssh bP-am\m kytemIx, GXm-kvay{X bP-am\x ]c kvXmZmbpjx kzmlm f ]Pln ]cnL anXyp-tàzm-¯n-jvTXn; X kvssacp{Zm am[yw Zn\w kh\w kw{]-b-Ñ-´n.
A\-´cw tlman-¡p-¶p. A´-co£ temI-¯n hkn¡p-¶- h-\mb hmbp-hn\v \a-kIm-cw. bP-am- \-\mb F\n-¡pv th­n temIs¯ e`n-¡-tW. CXv bP-am-\sâ temI-am-Ip¶p. bP-am-\\mb Rm³, Bbp-Êp-I-gnªp Cu temI¯n Kan-¡p-am-dm-I-tW. kzml, temI-Zzm-c-¯n-epÅ hne§p-XSn \o¡p-¶p F¶p ]d-ªn«v Ah³ D°m\w sN¿p¶p. Ah\v cq{Z·mÀ a[yw Zn\-¯n-epÅ kh\w \evIp-¶p.

AY-Pq-tlmXn þ \tam f átb ]rYn-ho-£n tX, temI-£ntX temIw ta bP am\mb hnssµj sshb-P-am-\ky temI GX-kvay{X bP-am\x ]c-kvXm-Zmbpjx kzml f- ]-Pln ]cn-L-an-Xyp-tàz-¯n-jXn Xkvssa-h-khx {]mXx kh\w kw{]bÑ´n
A\-´cw Xmsg-¸-dbp¶ a{´w- sIm­v tlman-¡p-¶p. hrYnhn temI-¯n hkn-¡p-¶p. Aán-bm-b, At§¡v \a-kIm-cw. Pb-am-\-\mb F\n-¡mbn temIw e`n-¡-tW. v

]pcm XrXo-b-k-h\ tkym]m-I-cWm Ö-L-t \\m f lh-\ob kymZ-§vapJ D]-hn[y k BZnXyw k sshiz-tZhw kam-`n-Km-bXn:þ tem 3 I Zzmc-a-]mhm ZÀ Wq 33 ]tiy-aXzm hbw kzmcm 33333 lp 3 av B 33 Pym 3 tbm B 32''' CXym-ZnXyw; AY sshiz-tZhw:þ tem 3 I Zzmc am]mhm 3À Wq 33 ]tiy aXzm-]bw kzcm 33333 lp 3 av B 33 Pym 3 tbm 3 B 32 ''' CXn 13
aq¶m-as¯ kh-\-¯nsâ Bcw-`¯n\p ap³]v, Blh-\o-bm-án-bpsS ]nd-In hS-t¡m«p apJ-am-bn-«n-cp-¶v, bP-

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212

I am-\³, BZn-Xy³ tZh-\m-bn-«pÅ kma-t¯-bpw, hniz-tZ-h·mÀ tZh-X-bm-bn-«pÅ kma-t¯bpw A`n-Km\w sN¿p-¶p. temI-Zzmcw Xpd-¡p-I, \mw kzcm-Py-¯n-\mbn A§sb ImWs« F¶v BZn-Xy³ tZh-X-bm-bn-«pÅ kmaw sNmÃp¶p. ho­pw hniz-tZ-h·mÀ tZh-X-bm-bn-«pÅ kmaw sN¿p¶p. temI-Zzm-cs¯ A]m-h-cWw sNbvI. \mw kzcm-Py-¯n\mbn Km\w sN¿p-¶p.

Cu BZn-Xy³ tZh-·mÀ¡v a[p-hm-Ip-¶p. Ba-[p-hn\v tZymhp Xs¶, Ipdp-sI-bpÅ apf-bm-Ip-¶p. BImiw a[z]q-]-am-Ip-¶p. civan-IÄ `qa-§-fpsS Ip«n-I-fm-Ip-¶p.

K

Xky tb {]mt©m-civa-bkvXm Ghmky {]mtNym-a-[p-\mUyx EN Gh a[p-IrX EtKzZ Gh ]pjv]w, Xm AarXm B]x
B BZn-Xysâ Ing-t¡m-«pÅ civan-IÄ GXm-tWm, AXp-Xs¶ Cu a[p-hnsâ Ing-t¡m-«pÅ \mUn-I-fm-Ip-¶p. EXp-¡Ä Xs¶ a[p-Ir-¯p-IÄ BIp-¶p. EtKzZw Xs¶ ]qhv BIp-¶p. tkmaw, BPyw apX-em-bh ]pjv]-§-fnepÅ A¸p-I-fm-Ip-¶p. EtKzZw F¶ i_vZw-sIm-­p-t±-in¡p-¶-Xv, EtKz-Z-¯m-epÅ IÀ½w BIp-¶p.

AY-Pq-tlmXn þþ \a BZn-tXy-`yÝ hntez-`ykvO tZth t`ym Znhn £nZvt`ym temI-£nZvt`ym temIw ta bP am\mb hnµX 14 Gj ss] bP am\ky temI GXm-kvay{X ]c-kvXm-Zmbp jx kzmlm f ]lX ]cn-L-anXyp tàzm¯n- jvTXn.

CXn-\p-tijw tlman-¡p-¶p. Zyp temI-¯n hkn-¡p¶-hcmb BZn-Xy-·mÀ¡m-bpw, hniz-tZ-h·mÀ¡mbpw \aA§n-s\-bpÅ Cu E¡p-IÄ Cu EtKz-Zs¯ A`n-Xkv¡-cn-¡p-¶p. bP-am-\-\mb F\n-¡p-th­n temIw e`n]n-¨p. A`n-X-]n-¡-s¸« AXn\v IoÀ¯n-bpw, tZl-Zo-]vXn-bpw, ¡tW. CXv bP-am- \sâ temI- am- Ip-¶p. bP-am- \-\mb Rm³ C{µn-b-hpw, hoÀ¿- hpw, BIp¶ ckw D­m-bn. IÀ½-¯n BbpÊp Ign-ªv, Chn-sS¡v Kan-¡p-am-dm-I-tW. kzml \n¶p-­m-Ip¶ ckw ]d-ªn-cn-¡p-¶p. AÀK-fs¯ A]-l-\n-¡s« F¶p ]d-ªn«v D°m\w sN¿pXZzy£c-¯-Zm-ZnXym a`ntXm f {ibXv; ¶p.

Xmhm GXm EN GX-ar-tKzZ a`yX ]wkvX-kym-`n-X]vXkyb ikvtXP C{µnbw - hoÀ¿-a-¶mZyw ctkm f PmbX

Xkvam BZn-XymÝ hntKz-NtZhm kvXrXobw kh\w kw{]-b-Ñ´n; Gj l ssh bÚ kymam{Xmw thZ, b Ghw thZ b Ghw thZ.
B bP-am-\\v BZn-Xy-·mcpw hniz-tZ-h-·mcpw aq¶mas¯ kh\w \ÂIp-¶p. Bcv C{]-Imcw Adn-bp-¶p-thm, B bP-am-\³ bÚ-¯nsâ alm-ßys¯ Adn-bp-¶p. b Ghw thZ F¶p c­p-{]m-hiyw ]d-ªn-cn-¡p-¶Xv Cu A²ymbw Ah-km-\n¨p F¶v ImWn-¡m-\m-Wv.

XZzm GXZy tZX-Zm-ZnXy kytcmlnXw cq]w
biÊp apXÂ A¶mZyw hsc- bp-ÅXv Kan-¨p. AXv BZnXysâ Hcp hi¯v B{i-bn-¨p. BZn-Xysâ XpSp¯ Cu cq]w GXmtWm AXv CXm-Ip-¶p.

c­mw JÞw
AYtb f ky Z£n-Wm-c-iva-bkvXm Ghmky Z£nWm a[p\m tUymbPqw tjyh a[pIr tXm bÖqÀthZ Gh ]pjv]w Xm AarXm B]x

H¶mw JÞw

]ns¶ Chsâ sXt¡m- «pÅ civan-IÄ GXm-tWm, AXp Xs¶ BZn-Xy-\m-Ip¶ a[p-hnsâ sXt¡m-«pÅ a[p-\m-Un(hn-i n-ã -^ -e -{ ]m-] vX n- ¡ mbn bÚ hnj- b -§ fpw bm-Ip-¶p. bPq-Êp-IÄ Xs¶ a[p-Ir-¯p-IÄ BIp-¶p. bÚmwK `qX-§-fp-am- b, kma- tlm-a-a- t{´m-°m-\-§fpw D]- bPqÀtÆZw Xs¶ ]pjv]w BIp-¶p. B Aar-X-§Ä A¸ptZ-in¨p Ign-ªp. kÀh-bÚ-§-fp-tSbpw ^e-cq-]-\mb IÄ BIp-¶p. kqcy³ al-¯mb {iotbm-Sp-IqSn AXy´w Pzen-¨p-sImXm\nhm GXm-\n-bPqw tjyXw bPqÀth ­n-cn-¡p-¶p. kÀh-{]m-Wn-Ifp-tSbpw IÀ½- §-fpsS ^e-amZa-`y-X]³; Xkym-` n-X]vXky bi-kvtXP bn-cn-¡p¶ Cu BZn-Xy-s\, {]Xy-£-ambn FÃm-hcpw D]C{µnbw hoÀ¿-a-¶mZyw ctkm f PmbX Po- hn-¡ p-¶p.)

aq¶mw A²ymbw

Hmw Aku hm BZntXym tZh-a[p; Xky Zyu tch-Xnc Ýo\-hw-tim f-´cn £a-]q-t]m, aco-Nbx ]p{Xmx

2 XZzy£c¯ ZmZn-Xy-a-`ntXm f {ipbXv; XZzm GX-Zy-tZX ZmZn-Xyky ip¢w cq]w

Cu bPq-Êp-IÄ bPqÀth-Z-hn-ln-X-amb IÀ½w A`n-X]n-¨p. A`n-X-]n-¡-s¸« AXn\v biÊpw tXPÊpw C{µn-

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213

I bhpw hoÀ¿hpw A¶m-Zy-hp-am-Ip¶ ckw P\n-¨p. B IÀ½-

Zn-IÄ A¸p-I-fm-Ip-¶p. A§-s\-bpÅ Cu AYÀhmw-Kn-c^- e- am-Ip¶ ckw Kan¨p; AXv BZn- Xysâ Hcp hi¯v B{i- Êp-IÄ Cu CXn-lm-k-]p-cm-Ws¯ A`n-X-]n-¸n-¨p. A`n-Xbn-¨p. BZn-Xysâ Cu ip¢-amb cq]w GtXm AXv Cu ]n-¡-s¸« CXn-lm-k- ]p-cm-W-¯n\v bi-Êpw, tXPÊpw C{µnbhpw hoÀ¿hpw A¶m-Zyhpw ck-ambn P\n-¨p. AXp Kana[p-hm-Ip-¶p. ¨p. AXv BZn-Xysâ Hcp hi¯v B{i-bn-¨p. BZn-Xysâ AY-tb fky {]Xy-t©m-c-ivab kvXm Ghmky Cu Gähpw Idp¯ cq]w GtXm AXv B ckw Xs¶ {]Xy-t©m-a-[ p-\mUyx kmam-t \yh a[p-IrXx -bm-Wv.

K

kma thZ Gh ]pjv]w Xm AarXm B]x Xm\nhm GXm\n kmam-t\yXw kma-thZ a`y X]³, Xkym-`n-X-]vXky bikvtX P C{µnbw hoÀ¿ a¶mZyw ctkm f PmbtX XZz-£-cXv XZm-Zn-Xy-a-`ntXm f {ibXv; XZzm GXZv btZ-X-Zm-ZnXy ky IrjvWw cq]w.
Cu BZn- Xysâ ]Sn- ªm- tdm«p t]mIp¶ civanIÄ GXmtWm, AXv Cu a[p-hnsâ {]Xy-¡p-Ifmb a[p-\m-Un-IÄ BIp-¶p. kma-§Ä Xs¶ {`a-c-§Ä BIp-¶p. kma-th-Z¯m hn[n-¡-s¸-Sp¶ IÀ½w ]pjv]w BIp-¶p. B AarX-§Ä A¸p-Ifm-Ip-¶p. A§-s\-bpÅ Cu kma-§Ä, kma-th-Z-¯n hn[n-¨n-«pÅ IÀ½w A`n-X-]n-¸n-¨p. A`n-X]n- ¡ - s ¸« AXn\v bi- Ê pw, tXP- Ê pw, C{µn-b -h pw, hoÀ¿hpw A¶m-Zy-hp-am-Ip¶ ckw P\n-¸n-¨p. B ckw Kan- ¨p. AXv BZn- Xysâ Hcp hi¯v B{i-bn- ¨p. BZn- Xysâ Cu IrjvW-amb cq]w GtXm, AXv Cu IÀ½-^-e-amb a[p-hm-Ip-¶p.

A©mw JÞw
AYtb f tkymÀ²m-c-iva-bkvXm Ghmtkym À²zm a[p-\mtUym Kplym Gh ff tZim a[p-IrtXm {_ssÒh ]pjv]w Xm A arXm B]x tXhm GtX Kplym BtZim GX Xv{_Òm`y X]³; Xkym`n X]vkky bi-kvtXP C{µnbw hoÀ¿-a-¶mZyw ctkm f PmbX XZz-£-cmXv XZm-ZnXy a`ntXm f {ibXv XZzm GXZ btZX ZmZn-Xy-ky-at[y t£m`X Ch.
]ns¶ Chsâ taÂt¸m-«pÅ civan- IÄ GXmtWm AXv Cu a[p-hnsâ taevt]m-«pÅ a[p-\m-Un-IÄ BIp-¶p. clkr-§-fmb D]-tZ-i-§Ä Xs¶ a[p-Ir-¯p-Ifm-Ip-¶p. {_Òw Xs¶ ]pjv]-am-Ip-¶p. Btkm-am-Zn-IÄ A¸p-IfmIp-¶p. A§-s\-bpÅ Cu Kply-§-fmb D]-tZ-i-§Ä Cu {_Òs¯ A`n-X-]n-¸n-¨p. A`n-X-]n-¡-s¸« {_Ò-¯n\v biÊpw tXPÊpw C{µn-bhpw hoÀ¿hpw A¶m-Zyhpw ckambn D­m- bn. B ckw Kan- ¨p. AXv BZn-Xys\ Hcp hi¯v B{i-bn-¨p. BZn-Xysâ a²y-¯n GXmtWm Cu t£m`n¡p-¶-Xp-t]mse Ccn-¡p-¶Xv AXp Cu ck-am-Ip-¶p.

\memw JÞw
AY-tb-tky-Z-t©m-civab kvXm Ghmtkym ZotNym a[p-\mUyx AY-Àhm§v Kn ck Gh a[p-IrX CXn-lmk ]pcmWw ]pjv]w, Xm AarXm B]x tXhm GtXm f YÀhm§v Kock GX-ZnXn lmk ]pcm-W-a-`y-X-]³ Xkym-`n-X]vX ky bi-kvtXP C{µnbw hoÀ¿-a-¶mZyw ctkm f PmbX XZvhy-£-cXv XZm-Zn-Xy-a-`ntXm f {ibXv XZzm GXXv btZX ZmZnXy ky]cw IrjvWw cq]w.
Chsâ hS-t¡m-«pÅ civan-IÄ GXmtWm Ah Xs¶ Cu a[p-h nsâ hS-t¡m-«pÅ a[p \mUn-I -f m-I p-¶ p. AYÀhm-hn-\mepw A§v Koc-Ên-\mepw I­p-]n-Sn-¡-s¸-«n«pÅ a{´- §Ä Xs¶ {`a-c-§-fm-Ip-¶p. CXn-lm-khpw ]pcmWhpw ]pjv]-am- Ip-¶p. IÀ½-¯n {]tbm-Kn- ¡p¶ tkmam-

tXhm GtX ckm\mw ckx thZmln ckm kvtXjm-tatX ckmx Xm\n hm GXm-\y-arXm \ma-ar-Xm\n; thZmly arXm-kvtX-jmta Xm\y-ar-Xm-\n.
taÂ]-dª {]Im-c-apÅ tcmln-Xm-Zn-cq-]hn-ti-j-§Ä ck-§-fpsS ck-§-fm-Ip-¶p. thZ-§Ä ck-§-fm-Ip-¶p. tcmln-Xm-Zn-cq- ]-hn-ti-j- §Ä, B thZ- §-fp-tSbpw AXy´w kmc-`q-X- §-fpw BIp-¶p. A§n-s\-bpÅ Ch Aar-X-§fp-tSbpw Aar-X- §-fm-Ip-¶p. Fs´-¶m thZ-§Ä AarX- §-fm-Ip-¶p. Cu tcmln-Xm-Zn-cq-]-§Ä Ahbv¡pw AarX-§- fm-Ip- ¶p.

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214

I Bdmw JÞw
XZyXv {]Y-a-a-arXw XZz-k-h-D-]-Po-h´y án \map-tJ\; \ ssh tZhm Aiv\´n \ ]n_-t´yX tZhm-arXw Zrãzm Xr ]y´n.

Ah-bn H¶m-as¯ AarXw GtXm AXns\ hkp¡Ä Aán-bm-Ip¶ apJw sIm­v D]- Po- hn-¡p- ¶p. tZh-·mÀ C{]-Imcw Cu AarXw Bcv Adn-bp- ¶pthm Ah³ cp{ZAin-¡p-¶n-Ã. ]m\w sN¿p-¶n-Ã. Aar-Xs¯ FÃm Ic-W- ·m-cn Hcp- h- s\- t¸mse Bbn-¯oÀ¶n«v C{µ-\m-Ip¶ apJw§-sf-sIm­pw A\p-`hn-¨n«v Xr]vX- cm-Ip-¶p. sIm­v CtX AarXw ZÀin¨p Xr]vX-\m- Ip-¶p. Ah³ CtX cq]w t\m¡n-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. Cu cq]-¯nsâ t`mK-¯n-\mbn X GX tZh cq] a`n-kw-hn-it´y X DÕm-l-ap-Å-h-\m-bn-¯o-cp-¶p.

k b GX tZh-a-arXw thZ cp{ZmWm ansshtIm `qtXzt{µ ssWh aptJssX tZhm-arXw Zrãzm Xr]yXn; k GX tZh cq] a`n kwhn-itXy Xkvam {Zp]m ZptZ-X n.

K

kvam {Zp]m Zp Zy´n

AhÀ Cu cq]w Xs¶ t\m¡n-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. Cu cq]w A\p-`hn-¡p-¶-Xn-\mbn DÕm- l-ap-Å-h-cm-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. -

k b GX-tZ-h-a-arXw thZ hkv{X-\m-an-sshtIm `qXzm f án ss\h aptJm ss\ XtZ-hm-arXw Zrãzm Xr]y Xn. k GX tZh cq] a`n kwhni tXy Xkvam {Zp]m-Zp-t`-Xn.
Cu AarXw Bcv Adn-bp-¶pthm Ah³ hkp-¡-fn Hcp-h-s\-t¸mse Bbn-¯oÀ¶n«v Aán-bm-I p¶ apJwsIm­v Cu tcmln-X-cq-]am-Ip¶ AarXw ZÀin¨p Xr]vX\m-bn- ¯o-cp-¶p. Ah³ Cu cq]w t\m¡n-s¡m-­n-cn- ¡p-¶p. Cu cq]w A\p-`hn-¡p-hm-\mbn DÕm-lap-Å-h-\m-bn-¯ocp-¶p.

k bmh ZmZnXyx ]pc-kvXm-Zp-tZXm ]Ým-Z-kvX-taXm ZznkvXm-hZv Z£n WX DtZ-tXm-¯-ctXm f kvXta-Xmcp {ZmWm tah-Xm-h-Zm-[n-]Xyw kzmcmPyw ]Àt¿-X m.
F{X-Im-et¯mfw BZn-Xy³ Ing¡v DZn-¡-bpw, ]Snªmdv AkvX-an-¡-bpw sN¿p-¶p-thm, AXnsâ Cc-«n-¡mew sX¡p- Zn-¡n DZn- ¡p- Ibpw hS- ¡p- Zn- ¡n AkvX-an- ¡p- Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. A{X- t¯m- fw- Imew hnZzm³ cp{Z- ·m- cpsS B[n-]-Xyt¯bpw kzcm-Py-t¯bpw FÃm- bn- S¯pw {]m]n-¡pw .

F«mw JÞw
AY-bXv XrXo-b-a-arXw X`m-ZnXym D] Poh´n hcp-tW\ aptJ\; \ ssh tZhm Aiv\´n \ ]n_-t´yX tZhm arXw Zrãzm Xr]y-´n.
aq¶m-as¯ AarXw GtXm AXns\ BZn-Xy-·mÀ hcpWs\ apJ-am¡n D]-Po-hn-¡p-¶p. tZh-·mÀ `£n-¡p-¶n-Ã. ]m\w sN¿p-¶n-Ã. Cu cq]-am-Ip¶ Aar-Xs¯ ZÀin¨p Xr]vX-cm-Ip-¶p.

k bmh-Zm-ZnXyx ]pc-kvXm-Zp-tZXm ]Ým ZkvXta Xm hkv{X\m tah Xmh-Zm[n ]Xyw kzmcmPyw ]Àt¿Xm
B hnZzm³ BZn-Xy³ Ing-t¡ Zn¡n DZn-¡bpw ]Snªmtd Zn¡n AkvX-an-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶n-S-t¯mfw Imew hkp-¡-fpsS B[n-]Xy-t¯-bpw, kzcm-Py-t¯bpw FÃm-bn-S¯pw {]m]n-¡p-¶p.

Ggmw JÞw
AY-bZv ZznXo-b-a-arXw X{Zp{Zm D]Po h´o-t{µW aptJ\; \ sshtZhm A iv\´n X]n _t´y X tZhm-arXw Zr ãzmXr-]y´n X GX-tZh cq]-a`n kw hnit´y Xkvam {Zp]m-Zp-Zy-´n.

X GX-tZh cq] a`n kwhn-i-t´y Xkvam-{Zp]m ZpZy´n
AhÀ Cu cq]w t\m¡n-s¡m-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. Cu cq]w A\p-`hn-¡p-¶-Xn-\mbn DÕm- l-ap-Å-h-cm-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. -

N

c­m- as¯ AarXw GtXm AXv cp{Z-·mÀ C{µ-\m-Ip¶ apJw-sIm­v D]- Po-hn- ¡p-¶p. tZh- ·mÀ Ain- ¡p-¶nÃ; ]m\w sN¿p-¶nÃ; Cu AarXw ZÀin-¨n«v Xr]vX-cm-Ip-¶p. AhÀ Cu AarXw Bcv Adn-bp-¶p-thm, Ah³ BZn-Xy-·mCtX cq]w t\m¡n-sIm­v kzkvX-cm-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. Cu cq]cn Hcp- h-s\- t¸mse Bbn- ¯oÀ¶n- «v, hcp- Ws\¯s¶ apJ¯nsâ t`mK-¯n- \mbn DÕm-l-ap-Å-h-cm-bn-¯o-cp-¶p.

k b GX-tZ-h-a-arXw thZf ZnXym \manssh tIm `qXzm hcptW ss\h aptJss\ XtZ-hm-arXw Zrãzm-Xr-]y-Xnþ k GX-tZh cq]-a`n kwhn-itXy Xkvam tZh cq]m Zp t`Xn

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215

I am¡n CtX AarXw ZÀin-¨n«v Xr]vX-\m-Ip-¶p. Ah³ CtX
cq]w t\m¡n-s¡m-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. Cu cq]w A\p-`-hn-¡p-¶Xn-\p-th­n DÕm-l-ap-Å-h-\m-bn-¯o-cp-¶p.

AkvX-an-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. Cu Imew B hnZzm³ acp¯p-I Ä¡p-X -s ¶- b pÅ B[n-] -X y-t ¯bpw kzcm-P yt¯bpw FÃm-bn-S¯pw {]m]n-¡pw.

K

k bmh ZmZntXym Z£n-WX DtZtXm ¯ctXm f kvXta Xm Zzn kvXmhXv ]ivOmZp t`Xm ]pc-kvXtaXm ff ZnXym-\m-ta-h Xm hZm-[n-]Xyw kzmcmPyw ]Àt¿Xm
F{X-Imew BZn-Xy³ sXt¡ Zn¡n DZn- ¡bpw hS-t¡Zn-¡n AkvXan-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶pthm AXnsâ c­pKpWw Imew ]Sn-ªm- dp-Zn-¡bpw Ing¡v AkvX-an-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. A{X-t¯mfw Imew Ah³ BZn-Xy³am-cpsS B[n-]-Xy-s¯bpw kzcm-Py-t¯bpw FÃm-bn-S¯pw {]m]n¡p-¶p.

]¯mw JÞw
AY-bXv ]©-a-a-arXw XÕm-[ym-D -]-Po-h´n {_ÒWm aptJ-\, \ ssh tZhm Aiv\´n \]n _t´yX tZhm-arXw Zrãzm Xr]y-´n; X GX-tZh cq]-a-`n-kw-hn-it´y Xkvam-{Zq]m Zp Zy´n. k b GX tZh-a-arXw thZ km[ym\ ansshtIm `qXzm {_Ò-ssWh aptJ ss\X tZhm-arXw Zrã-]m-Xr-]y-Xn, k GX tZh cq]-a-`n-kw-hn-itXy Xkvam {Zp]m-Zp-tZ-Xn. kbmh ZmZnXy D¯-cX DtZXm Z£n WtXm f kvXta Xm ZznkvXm hZqÀ²z DtZXm fÀhm§-kvXtaXm km[ym-\m-ta-h-Xmh Zm[n-]Xyw kzmcmPyw ]Àt¿Xm;
A©mas¯ Aar-X-tatXm AXns\ km[y-·mÀ {_Òs¯, {_Òm-hns\ apJ-am¡n D]-Po-hn-¡p-¶p. tZh-·mÀ Ain-¡p-¶n-Ã. ]m\w sN¿p-¶n-Ã. Cu AarXw ZÀin-¨n«v Xr]vX- cm-Ip-¶p. Cu AarXw Bcp Adn-bp-¶p-thm, Ah³ km[y-·m-cn Hcp-h-s\-t¸mse Bbn-¯oÀ¶n-«p, {_Òm-hpXs¶ bmb apJwsIm­v CtX AarXw ZÀin-¨n«v Xr]vX\m-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. Ah³ CtX cq]s¯ t\m¡n Ccn-¡p-¶p. Cu cq]s¯ A\p-`-hn-¡p-¶-Xn-\mbn DÕm-l-ap-Å-h-\m-bn¯o-cp-¶p. BZn-Xy³ F{X-Imew hS¡v DZn-¡-bpw, sX¡v AkvX-an-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p-thm, AXnsâ Cc-«n-Imew DuÀ²z-`m-K-¯n DZn-¡bpw Xmsg AkvX- an-¡bpw sN¿p¶p. A{X-t¯mfw Imew Ah³ km²y-·mÀ¡p-ÅXmb B[n-]Xy-t¯bpw kzmcm-Py-t¯bpw ]cn-K-an-¡pw. -

H³]Xmw JÞw
AY-b-¨ -XpÀ°-a-arXw X·-cpX D]-Po-h´n tkmta\ aptJ\; \ sshtZhm Aiv \´n\ ]n_-t´yX tZhm-arXw Zrãm Xr]y´nw X GX tZh-cq-]-a-`nkw hnit´yXkvam-{Zp-] m-Zp-Zy´n k b GX tZh-a-arXw thZ acpXm ansshtIm `qXzm tkm ta ss\h-aptJ ss\X tZhm arXw Zrãzm Xr]yXn; k GX tZh cq]-a`n kwhn-itXy Xkva m-{Zp-]m-Zp-tZ-X n. kbm-h-Zm-ZnXyx ]Ým-Zp-t`Xm ]pckvXm ZkvXtaXm ZznkvXm-h-Zp-¯-cX Dt`Xm Z£n-WtXm f kvXtaXm acp Xmh Zm[n ]Xyw kzcmPyw ]Àt¿-Xm.

\mem-as¯ Aar-X-ta-tXm, AXns\ acp-¯p-IÄ tkma s\ apJ-am¡n D]-Po-hn-¡p-¶p. tZh-·mÀ Bin-¡p-¶n-Ã. ]m\w sN¿p-¶n-Ã. AhÀ AarXv ZÀin-¨n«v Xr]vX-·m-cm-Ip]Xn- s \m¶mw JÞw ¶p. AhÀ CtX cq]s¯ t\m¡n-s¡m-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. Cu AY XX DuÀ²z DtZXy ss\ thm cq]s¯ A\p-`-hn-¡m-\mbn DÕm-l-ap-Å-h-cm-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. Cu AarXw Bcp Adn-bp-¶pthm Ah³ acp-¯p-I-fn tZXm \mkvXta-Xm, GIe Gh Hcp-h-s\- t¸mse Bbn-¯oÀ¶n«v tkma³ Xs¶- bmb apJwat²y ØmXm; XtZj tÇmIxþþ sIm­p CtX AarXw ZÀin-¨n«v Xr]vX-\m-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. AXn-\p-tijw {_Ò-am-bn- ¯oÀ¶v DbÀ¶n«v DZn-¡m-¯Ah³ CtX cq]w t\m¡n- s¡m-­n- cn- ¡p- ¶p. Cu cq]w A\ph-\mbpw AkvXas¯ {]m]n-¡m-¯-h-\m-bn«pw GI-e-am`-hn-¡m-\mbn DÕm-l-ap-Åh-\m-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. F{X- Imew bn«p X¶n¯s¶ ØnXn-s N¿pw B BÀ° \n³ BZn-Xy³ ]Sn-ªmdv DZn-¡bpw Ing¡v AkvX-an-¡bpw sN¿p-¶pthm AXnsâ KpWw hS-¡ p-Zn-¡bpw sX¡v CutÇmIw IqSn D­v.

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216

I

\ ssh X{X, \ \nt¾mN t\mZn-bmb IZm-N\ tZhm-kvtX-\mlw ktXy\ am hncm-[njn {_Ò-tW-Xn.
B {_Ò-tem-I-¯n \o tNmZn-¡p-¶Xv CÃ. Hcn-¡epw kqcy³ AkvX-an-¨n-«n-Ã. DZn-¨n-«n-Ã. AÃtbm tZh-·mtc! Rm³ {_Ò-kz-cq-]- amb B kXy-t¯mSp hncp-²-\m-h-cp-tX.

sIm­p-h-¶p-sIm-Sp-¯p. DjvWn-¡v, A\p-jSp¸v apX- emb v aäp Nµ- Êp-I- fpsS A£-c-kw- Jy-I-fn Kmb- {Xn-bpsS A£c-kwJy AS-§n-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. C¡m-c-W-§-fm-seÃmw Kmb{Xn¡v bÚ-¯n {]m[m-\y-ap-­v. AXn-\m Kmb{Xn hgnbmbn {_Òw ]d-bp-¶p.)

K

\ lhm Akvam DtZXn \ \nt¾m-NXn kIrXv Zn hm ssl hmkvssa `hXn b GXm tahw {_tÒm-]-\n-jZw thZ.
C{]Imcw Cu {_tÒm-]-\n-j¯ns\ Bcv Adn-bp-¶pthm, Ah³ DZn-¡ p-¶ n-Ã . AkvX -an-¡ p-¶ n-Ã. Ch¶v Ft¸mgpw ]IÂ Xs¶.

Kmb{Xo hm CZw kÀhw `qXw bZnZw InwN; hmssKz Kmb-{Xo, hmKzm CZw kÀhw `qXw Kmb-Xn-{Xm-b-tXN
Cu PK-¯m-bn-cn-¡p-¶Xv GsX-Ãm-tam, B `qX-saÃmw Kmb-{Xn-bm-Ip-¶p. Kmb{Xn F¶Xv hm¡m-Ip-¶p. hm¡v Cu `qXs¯ Km\w sNbvIbpw {XmWw sNbvIbpw sN¿p-¶p.

Xss²-XZv {_Òm {]Pm-]-Xb DhmN {]Pm-]-XnÀ½-\th a\px {]Pm`yx Xss² XZp-±m-e-Imbm f cpWtb tPyjvT- fb]p {Xmb ]nXm {_Ò-t{]m-hmN
A§n-s\-bpÅ Cu a[p Úm\s¯ lnc-Wy-KÀ`³ {]Pm-]-Xn¡v ]d-ªp-sIm-Sp-¯p. {]Pm-]Xn a\p-hn-\pw, a\p {]P-IÄ¡pw Cu {_Ò-Úm\w tPyjvT-]p-{X-\mb AcpWsâ A]-Xy-amb D±m-e-I\v ]nXmhv ]dªp sImSp-¯p.

bm ssh km Kmb-{Xn, Cbw hmh km, tbbw ]rYnhn; Akymw loZw kÀhw `qXw {]Xn jvTnXw; GXm tah XmXn iob-tX.
Cu Kmb{Xn GXmtWm AXv CXp-X-s¶-bm-Ip-¶p. Cu {]nYnhn GtXm AXp Kmb-{Xn- bm-Ip-¶p. Cu `qX-saÃmw Cu {]nYn-hn-bn {]Xn-jTn-X-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. AXns\ AXn-i-bnv ¡p- ¶n-Ã.

CZw hmh XPv tPyãmb ]p{Xmb ]nXm {_Ò {]{_q-bmXv; {]mWmbymb hmft´-hm-knt\; \m\y-kvssaI kvssa N\
A§-s\- bpÅ Cu {_Ò-s¯-¸än ]nXm- h,v tPyjvT-\mb ]p{X-t\m, tbmKy-\mb injyt\m ]d-ªp-sIm-Sp-¡-Ww. A\y\v Hcp-¯\pw D]-tZ-in-¡-cp-Xv.

bm sshkm ]rYn-hn, Cbw hmhkm bZn Za-kvan³ ]pcptj ico-cw, Akvan³ lota {]mWx {]Xn-jvTnXmx G \tZh \mXn-io-b-t´.
C{]-Im-c-apÅ ]rYnhn GXmtWm AXv CXm-Ip-¶p. Cu icocw GtXm AXv CXm-Ip-¶p. Fs´-¶m Cu {]mW§Ä Cu ico-c-¯n {]Xn-jTn-X-§fm- bn-cn-¡p-¶p. CXns\ v AXn-i-bn- ¡p-¶n-Ã.

bZy-]ykvam Cam-aZv`nx ]cn-Kr-loXmw [\ky ]q˨mw ZZym tZX tZhX tXm`qb CtXyX tZh-X-tXm-`qb CXn.
Cu hnZym-Zm-Xm-hn\v Pe-¯m Npä-s¸-«-Xpw, [\wsIm­p ]qÀ®hpw Bb, Cu ]rYnsb sImSp- ¡p-I-bm- sW¦n t]mepw Cu a[p hnZym-Zm\w sN¿p- ¶Xv AXn- s\-¡mÄ A[n-I-am-bn-«p-Å-Xm-Ip- ¶p.

b ssZzXXv ]pcptj icoc anZw hmh-X-Xv, bZn-Z-a´x ]pcp-tj-lr-Zbw; Akvan³ lota-{]mWmx {]Xn-jvTnXmx GX-tZh \mXn- io-b -t´.
]pcp- j-\n-epÅ B icocw GtXm AXv ]pcp- jsâ DÅnepÅ Cu lrZ-bam-Ip-¶p. Fs´-¶m Cu {]mW-§Ä Cu lrZ-b¯n {]Xn-jvTn-X-§-fm-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. CXv AXn{I-an-¡p-¶n-Ã.

]{´­mw JÞw

N

(]e Oµ-Êp-I-fp-Å-t¸mÄ, Kmb-{Xnsb¯s¶ {_ÒA§n-s\-bpÅ Cu Kmb{Xo \mep-]m-Z§-tfm-Sp-Iq-SnÚm-\-¯n\v Zzmc-ambn FSp-¯-Xv, Kmb- {Xn- ¡pÅ {]m[m\yw bXpw Bdp-hn-[-¯n-ep-Å-Xp-am-Ip-¶p. Cu Kmb{Xo F¶p sIm­m-W.v kmas¯ sIm­p-h-cp-¶Xv Kmb-{Xo-O-µ-Ên-epÅ, E¡p-IÄ sIm­m-W.v kma-s¯- sIm-­p-h- cp-¶-Xn- \mbn ]d-bp¶ {_Òw E¡n-\m {]Im-in-¸n-¡-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶p. tZh-·mÀ Kmb- {Xn, {Xnãp-¸v, PKXn Chsb \ntbm-Kn-¨- t¸mÄ, Xmhm-\ky alnam XtXm PymbmwÝ PK-Xnbpw {Xnãv¸pw, X§Ä¡p iàn-bn-Ãm-¯-Xn-\mÂ, ]pcpjx ]tZmfky kÀhm-`q-Xm\n ]IpXn hgn-¡p-h¨v aS-§n-t]m-bn. Kmb{Xn tkma-¯nsâ {Xn]m-Z-kym-arXw Znhn. ASp-¡-se-¯n. Imh¡msc tXmev]n¨v AXv tZh-·mÀ¡v

sskjm NXp-jv]Zm jUzn-[m Kmb{Xo XtZX ZrNm f `y\qàw

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217

I

CXv Kmb{Xn F¶p ]d-bp-¶Xv {_Ò-¯nsâ aln-abm- Imcw Bcp Adn-bp-¶pthm Ah³ {iobpÅh\mbpw biIp- ¶p. ]pcp- j³ AXn- t\-¡mÄ al-¯-c-\m-Ip- ¶p. FÃm `qX- Êp-Å-h-\mbpw Xocp-¶p. §fpw Chsâ \men-semcp `mK-am-Ip-¶p. Chsâ aq¶p-]mAY tbm fky {]Xy§v kpjnx tkmf]m\x Z-§-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb AarXw tZymhn-em-Ip-¶p.

K

bssZz XZv {_tÒ-XoZw hmh-X-Xv, tbm bw _lnÀ²m ]pcp-jm-ZmImix, tbm ssh k_ lnÀ²m ]pcpjm ZmImtimf bw hmh ktbf ba´x ]pcpj BImix, tbm ssh tkmf ´x ]pcpj BImtim f bw hmh-ktbm f b a ´À lrZb BImix, XtZ-XXv ]qÀ® a {]hÀ¯n ]qÀ®m-a-{]-hÀ¯n\ow {inbw e`ytX b Ghw thZ.
B {_Ò- sa¶p ]d- ªXv GtXm, AXv CXm-Ip- ¶p. ]pcpj-\n \n¶p shfn-¡pÅ Cu BImiw GtXm AXv CXmIp-¶p. ]pcp-j\p shfn¡p¶ BImiw GtXm AXv CXmIp-¶p. ]pcp-jsâ DÅn-epÅ Cu BImiw GtXm AXv CXm-Ip-¶p. ]pcp-jsâ DÅn-epÅ Cu BImiw GtXm AXv CXm-Ip-¶p. lrZ-b¯n-\p-Ån-epÅ Cu BImiw GtXm AXv CXm-Ip-¶p. A§-s\-bpÅ lrZ- bm-Im-i- sa¶p ]d-bp¶ Cu {_Òw ]qÀ®hpw {]hÀ¯n-¡p¶ ioe-an-Ãm¯Xpw BIp-¶p. C{]-Imcw Bcp Adn-bp-¶p-thm, Ah\v ]qÀ®hpw \mi-an-Ãm-¯-Xp-amb {io e`n-¡p-¶p.

km hmIv tkm fán, kvXtZ-XZv {_Òh À¨k-a-¶mZy anXyp ]mkoX; {_Ò-hÀ¨ ky¶m-tZm-`-h-Xnb Ghw thZ.

Cu lrZ-b¯nsâ ]Sn-ªm-dp-h-i-apÅ Zzmcw GtXm AXv A]m- \-\³ BIp- ¶p. AXp hm¡m-Ip-¶p. AXp Aánbm-Ip-¶p. A§n-s\-bpÅ CXv {_Ò-hÀ¨-k-sa¶pw A¶mZy-sa¶pw h¨v D]m-kn-¡-Ww. C{]-Imcw Bcp Adn-bp¶pthm Ah³ {_Ò-hÀ¨-k-ap-Å-h\mbpw A\m-Z-\mbpw `hn-¡p-¶p.

AYtbm f tkymZ§v kpjnx k kam-\, kvX·\x, k]ÀÖ-\y-kvX-tZ-XXv IoÀ¯n Ý hypjvTn-tÝ-Xyp-]m-koX; IoÀ¯n-am³ hypãn-am³ `hXn b Ghw thZ.
Cu lrZ- b-¯nsâ hS- t¡m-«pÅ Zzmcw GtXm AXv kam\³ BIp-¶p. AXv a\-Êm-Ip-¶p. ]ÀP-\y³ AXm-Ip-¶p. A§n-s\-bpÅ CXns\ IoÀ¯n-sb¶pw hypjvTn-sb¶pw h¨v D]m-kn-¡-Ww. Bcv C{]-Imcw D]m-kn-¡p-¶pthm Ah³ IoÀ¯n-bp-Åh\mbpw hypãn-bp-Å-h\mbpw `hn- ¡pw.

]Xn-aq¶mw JÞw
Xky lhm GXky lrZ-bky ]©-tZ-h -kp-j þ bx, ktbm fky {]m§v kpjnx k {]mW, kvX ¨£px, k BZn-Xy, kvXtZ-X-t¯tPmf ¶mZy-anXyp ]mknX; tXPkzy¶mtZm `hXn b Ghw thZw.
Cu {]Ir- X-amb lrZ-b-¯n\v A©p tZh-Zz-c-§Ä D­v. lrZ-b-¯nsâ B Ing-¡pÅ Zzmcw GtXm AXv {]mW-\mIp-¶p. AXp N£p-Êm-Ip-¶p. AXv BZn-Xy-\m-Ip-¶p. Cu {]mW-s\¶p ]d-bp¶ {_Òs¯ tXPÊpw A¶m-Zyhpw F¶p-h¨v D]m-kn-¡-Ww.

AYtbm ftkym À²zx kpjnx k DZm\x, k hmbpx k BImi tZX tZmPÝ al tÝXyp ]mkoX; HmPkzo alkzo ` hXnb Ghw thZ.
lrZ-b-¯nsâ taevt]m-«pÅ Zzmcw GtXm AXv DZm-\³ BIp¶p; hmbp AXm-Ip-¶p. A§n-s\-bpÅ CXns\ HmPsʶpw al- sʶpw IcpXn D]m- kn-¡-Ww. C{]-Imcw Bcp Adn-bp-¶pthm Ah³ HmP-kzn-bmbpw al-kzn-bmbpw Xocp¶p.

AY tbm fky Z£nWx kpjnx khy-\, kvXNvt{im-{Xw, k N{µ-amkvX tZX Nvþ OvdoÝ bi-tÝ-Xyp-]m-koX; {ioam³ b i kzo `hXn b Gh thZ.
Cu lrZ- b-¯nsâ he-Xp-h-i-¯pÅ Zzmcw GtXm AXv hym\-\m-Ip-¶p. AXv t{im{X- am-Ip-¶p. AXv N{µ-a-\-Êm-Ip¶p. A§-s\-b pÅ hym\-s \¶p ]d-bp¶ {_Òs¯ {iosb¶pw bi-sʶpw hnNm-cn¨v D]m-kn-¡-Ww. C{]-

tX hm GtX ]©-{_Ò ]pcpjmx kzÀKky temIky Zzmc]mx, kb GXm-t\hw ]©-{_Ò ]pcp-jm³ kzÀKky temIky Zzmc-]m³ thZmky Ipte hotcm Pmb tX {]Xn-]-ZytX kzÀ¤w temIw b GXm-t\hw ]©-]p-cp-jm³ kzÀKky temIky Zzmc-]m³ thZ
Cu A©p {_Ò-]p-cp-j-·mÀ kzÀ¤-am-Ip¶ temI¯nsâ Zzmc-]m-e-I-cm-Ip-¶p. kzÀ¤-am-Ip¶ temI-¯nsâ Zzmc-]m-e-·m-cmb Cu A©p ]pcp-j- ·msc Bcp D]m-kn- ¡p¶pthm Ahsâ Ipe-¯n hoc-\mb ]p{X³ P\n-¡pw. kzÀ¤- am-Ip¶ temI-¯nsâ Zzmc-]m-e-·m-cmb A©p {_Ò-

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218

I ]p-cp-j-·msc Bcv D]m-kn-¡p-¶pthm Ah³ kzÀ¤-am-Ip¶
temIw {]m]n-¡pw.

lrZ-b-]p-Þ-coI a[y-¯n-ep-Å, Fsâ Cu Bßmhv at\m-a-b\pw {]mW-\m-Ip¶ ico-c-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-h-\pw, ssNX-\y-e-£-W-amb cq]-t¯mSp IqSn- b-h-\pw, kXy-§fmb k¦-e]- §-tfmSp IqSn- b-h-\pw, BImiw t]mse-bpÅ v kzcq-]-t¯mSp IqSn-b-h\pw, kÀh-e-P-K-¯p-am-Ip¶ IÀ½t¯m-Sp-Iq-Snbh\pw tZmj-c- ln-X-§-fm-b, FÃm Ima-§-tfmSp-Iq-Sn-b-h-\pw, kpJ-Ic-§-fmb FÃm KÔ-§-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb-h-\pw, kzmZp-¡-fmb FÃm ck-§-tfmSpw IqSn-b-h\pw Cu PK-¯ns\ FÃmw A`n-hym-]n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶-h-\pw, hmáv{ZnBZyp-tem-I-¯n \n¶p ]c-am-bn, hniz-¯n\pw ]rjvT- b-an-Ãm-¯-h-\pw, kw{`-a-an-Ãm-¯-h\pw BIp-¶p. Ah³ ¯nÂ, AXm-bXv kÀh-¯n\pw apI-fn D¯-a-§-fmb {holn-sb-¡mfpw bh-s¯-¡mfpw ISp-In-s\-¡mfpw NmatemI- §- fn bmsXmcp tPymXnÊv Zo]n-¡p-¶- Xp- t]mse Ccn- sb-¡m-fpw, Nma-b-cn-sb-¡mfpw AWp-X-c-\m-Ip¶p! lrZ-b¡p-¶pthm AXv CXm-Ip-¶p. Ft¸mÄ ico-c-kw-k]Àiw a-²y-¯n-epÅ Fsâ Cu Bßmhv ]rYn-hn-sb-¡mÄ alv sIm­v NqSns\ Adn-bp-¶pthm At¸mÄ AXv ]pcp-jsâ ¯-c-\m-Ip¶p; A´-co-£-t¯-¡mÄ al-¯-c-\m-Ip¶p; a²y-¯n-en-cn-¡p¶ tPymXn-Ênsâ ZÀi-t\m-]m-b-am-Ip-¶p. tZymhn-t\-¡mÄ al-¯-c-\m-Ip-¶p. Cu temI-§-sf-¡mÄ Ft¸mÄ C{]-Imcw IÀ®-§ sf AS-¨n«v cY-tLmjw al-¯- c-\m-Ip- ¶p. t]mse-bpÅ i_vZw t]msebpw Pzen-¡p¶ Aán-bpsS kÀh-IÀ½m kÀh-Imax kÀh-KÔx i_vZw t]msebpw tIÄ¡p-¶pthm At¸mÄ CXv AXnsâ {ih-tWm-]m-b-am-Ip-¶p. A§n-s\-bpÅ Cu tPymXn-Êns\ kÀh-ckx kÀh-an-Z-a-`ymt¯m fhmIy Zrã-sa¶pw {ipX-sa¶pw IcpXn D]m-kn-¡-Ww. C§s\ \mZc Gja Bßm f´Àlr-Zb Bcv D]m-kn-¡p-¶pthm Ah³ ZÀi-\o-b-\mbpw hn{ip-XGXZv {_ssÒ XanXx t{]Xym`n \mbpw Xocp-¶p.

AY bZXx ]tcm Znthm tPymXnÀZo ]ytX hnizXx ]rjvtTjp kÀhXx ]rjvtT-j z-\p-¯-ta-jvT-¯-tajp temtI jznZw hmh-XZv bZn-Z-a´x ]pcptj tPymXnkvX ssky jmZr-ãnÀ¿ ss{X XZkvan RvOcotc kw kv]Àti-t\mjvWn am\w hn Pm\mXn; X ssky jm {ipXn À¿ss{X-XXv IÀ®m-h]n Krly \n\-Z-an-h-\-ZYq-cnhm tácn hPz-eX D]-ir-tWmXn XtZ X±rãw N{ipXw tNXyp-]m-koX N£pjyx {iptXm `hXn b Ghw thZ.

Bßm f´Àlr-Ztb fWobm³ {hotlÀÆm bhm Zzm kÀ¸-]mZzm imam-ImZzm iymam IX-Þp-emZzm; Gja Bßm f´À lrZtb Pymbm³ ]rYnhy Pymbm-\´n cn£m-Öym-b³ Znthm Pym bmt\ t`ym temtI`yx

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]Xn-¶ memw JÞw
XÖ-em\w CZw-kÀhw Jep {_Ò-CXn-im´x D]m-koX kx {IXpw IpÀhoX AY Jep ]pcpjx {IXp-abx ]pcpjx Akvan³tem tI bYm-{IXpx CXx t{]Xy-X-Ym-`-h-Xn.
B {_Ò-¯n \n¶p P\n-¡p-¶-Xpw, AXn Xs¶ ebn-¡p-¶-Xpw, AXn tNjvTn-¡p-¶Xpw Bb Cu PKs¯Ãmw {_Òs¯ cmK-tZz-jmZn tZmj-§Ä IqSmsX D]mkn-¡-Ww. Ah³ C§-s\-bm-Wv, asämcp hn[-¯n-eà F¶pÅ \nÝbw sN¿-Ww. Poh³ A[y-hkm-b-kz-cq-]\m-Ip-¶p. ]pcp-j³ Cu temI-¯n GXp hn[-¯n-epÅ A[y-h-km-b-t¯m-Sp-Iq- Sn-b- h-\m- bn-cn-¡p- ¶pthm Ah³ Cu tZlw acn-¨n«v A§n- s\-bm-bn-¯o-cp-¶p.

kw`-hn-Xm-kvaoXn bky kym Z²m \ hnNn-InÕm fkvXnXn lkvam ffl im Þneyx imÞneyx

lrZ-b-a -² y-¯ n-e pÅ Fsâ Cu Bßmhv kÀhIÀ½mhpw kÀh-Im-a\pw kÀh-K-Ô\pw kÀh-c-k-\pw, Cu PK-¯ns\ FÃmw A`n hym]n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶-h\pw, hm¡n-Ãm¯-h\pw kw{`-a-an-Ãm-¯-h\pw BIp-¶p. CXp {_Ò-am-Ip¶p. Cu tZl-¯n \n¶v hn«p t]mbn«v Rm³ Bßm-hmbn-¯o-cpw. CXv \nÝ-b-am-W.v CXv BÀ¡v kXy-ambn D­mbn-cn-¡p-¶p-thm, kwibw D­m-bn-cn-¡p-¶n- Ãtbm Ah³ AXp-t]m-se-Xs¶ Cuiz-c-`m-hs¯ {]m]n-¡pw. C§s\ imÞn-ey³ F¶ Ejn ]d-ªn-cn-¡p-¶p.

]Xn-\ ©mw JÞw
A´-co-t£m-Zcx tImtim `qan-_p²vt\m \ PoÀ¿-Xn, Zntim lyky-{k-àtbm Zyuc-tkym-¯cw hnew; k Gj tImi h kp[m\ kvXkvan³ hniz-anZw {inXw.

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at\m-abx {]mW-i-cotcm `mcp]x k Xyk-¦ev] BIm-imßm kÀh-IÀ½m kÀh-Imamx kÀh-KÔx kÀh-ckx kÀh-an-Z-a-`ymt¯m fhmIy \mZw Gja

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A´-co-£- am-Ip¶ DZ-c-t¯mSp IqSn-b-Xpw, `qan-bm-Ip¶ Cu PK-¯m-bn-cn-¡p-¶Xv GsX-Ãmtam A§-s\-bpÅ aqe-t¯mSp IqSn-bXpw, Bb `Þm-c-s¸«n \in-¡p-¶n-Ã. Cu `qX- sa- Ãmw {]mW³ BIp- ¶p. AXn- \m {]mW³ {]]tZy Cu tImi-¯nsâ tImW-§Ä Zn¡p-I-fm-Ip-¶p. CXnsâ F¶v hàm- hmb Rm³ ]d-ªXp GtXm AXp- sIm­v B apI-fn-es¯ kpjncw tZymhm-Ip-¶p. C§n-s\-bpÅ Cu {]mW-s\-¯s¶ Rm³ icWw {]m]n- ¨n-cn-¡p-¶ p. tImiw [\w hbv¡p-¶-Xm-Ip-¶p. BtIm-i-¯n-\p-ÅnÂ, AY bZ-thmNw `qx {]]Zy CXn, ]rYnhow {]mWn-I-fpsS IÀ½- ^-e-saÃmw ØnXn sN¿p-¶p.

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Xky {]mNo-ZnKv PqlqÀ¶ma kl-am\ \ma Z£n-Wm, cmÚn, \ma {]Xo-No, kp`qXm \mtam ZoNn; Xmwtkm hmbpÀhÕwx, kb GX-tahw hmbpw Znimw hÕw thZ \ ]p{Xtcm Zw tcmZnXn; tkm flta Xtahw hmbpw Znimw hÕw thZ; am ]p{X-tcmZw cpZw

{]]tZy f´co£w {]]tZy Znhw {]] tZy CtXyh XZ thmNw

`qx {]]tZy F¶v Rm³ ]d-ªtXtXm AXpsIm­v ]rYn-hnsb Rm³ icWw {]m]n-¡p-¶p. A´-co-£s¯ icWw {]m]n-¡p¶p F¶pw tZymhns\ icWw {]m]n¡p¶p F¶pw Xs¶ BWv Rm³ ]d-ª-Xv.

B tImi-¯nsâ Ingt¡ Zn¡v Pqlp F¶p t]cp-ÅXm-Ip-¶p. sXt¡ Zn¡v kl-am-\³, F¶p t]cp-Å-Xm-Ip¶p. ]Sn-ªm-sd-Zn¡v cmPn F¶p t]cp-Å-Xm-Ip-¶p. hSt¡ ]ns¶ `qhx {]]tZy F¶v Rm³ ]d-ª-tXtXm AXpZn¡v kp`qX F¶p t]cp-Å- Xm- Ip- ¶p. hmbp BZn-¡p-I-fpsS sIm­v Aánsb icWw {]m]n-¡p¶p F¶pw hmbp-hns\ hkvX-\m-Ip-¶p. Cu hmbp-hns\ Zn¡p-I-fpsS hÕ-\mbn ]p{X\v ZoÀL-Po-hn-X- am-{K-ln-¡p-¶-Xmbn Bc-dn-bp-¶pthm icWw {]m]n-¡p¶p F¶pw, BZn-Xys\ icWw {]m]nAh³ ]p{X³ \nan-¯-apÅ tcmZ\w tcmZn-¡-bn-Ã. A§s\ ¡p¶p F¶pw Xs¶- bmWv Rm³ ]d-ª-Xv. ]p{X\p ZoÀL-Po-hn-X-an-Ñn-¡p¶ Rm³ Cu hmbp-hns\ AY bZ-thmNw kzx {]]Zy CXyr tKzZw Zn¡p-I-fpsS hkvX-s\¶v Adn-bp-¶p. Rm³]p-{X³ \nan-¯{]]tZy bPqÀthZw {]]tZy kma-thZw apÅ tcmZ-\w-sIm­p tcmZn-¡-cp-X.v

AY bZ thmNw `phx {]]Zy CXyánw {]]tZy hmbpw {]]Zy BZnXyw {]]Zy CtXyh XZ-thm-N w.

Acnãw tImiw {]]tZy ap\m fap\m fap\m, {]mWw {]]tZyf ap\m fap\m fap\m, `qx {]]tZy fap\m fap\m fap\m, `qhx {]]tZy fap\m fap\m fap\m, kzx {]]tZy fap\m fap\m fap\m
]p{X\v ZoÀLm-bpÊv B{K-ln-¡p-¶-h³, ss{XtemIys¯ Hcp `Þm-c-s¸-«n-bmbpw {]tXyI \ma-§-tfm-Sp-IqSnb AXnsâ \mep-Zn-¡p-Isfbpw kv{XoI-fmbn k¦-e]n¨v v B Zn¡p-I-fp-am-bpÅ kw_-Ô-¯m hmbp-hn-s\, B Zn¡p-I-fpsS ac-W-an-Ãm¯ hÕ-\mbn Nn´n-¡-W-sa-¶pÅXv {]Y-tam-]m-k-\-am-Ip-¶p. ChnsS AXnsâ B§va-bamb P]s¯ ImWn- ¡p- ¶p. ]p{Xsâ \mas¯ aq¶p XhW ]pd-bp-¶-Xm-Wv. Aap-\m, Aap-\m, A ap\m F¶-Xv. Rm³ C¶ ]p{X\v ZoÀLm-bp- Êp- ­m-Ip-hm³ th­n, \mi-an-Ãm¯ tImis¯ icWw {]m]n-¡p-¶p. Cu ]p{X-\p-th­n {]mWs\ icWw {]m]n- ¡p-¶p. Cu ]p{X-\p-th­n `qÀtemIs¯ icWw {]m]n-¡p-¶p. Cu ]p{X-\p-th­n kzÀtemIs¯ icWw {]m]n-¡p-¶p. FÃm-bn-S¯pw ap{´- ap-\- \maw aq¶p XhW ]d-bp¶p.

{]]Zy CtXyh XZ-thmNw
""kzx {]]tZy'' F¶v Rm³ ]d-ª-tXtXm AXp-sIm­v ""EtKz-Zs¯'' Rm³ icWw {]]n-¡p-¶p. ""bPqÀth-Zs¯'' Rm³ icWw {]m]n-¡p-¶p. ""kma- th-Zs¯'' Rm³ icWw {]m]n-¡p-¶p. Rm³ ]d-ªXv CXm-W.v

]Xn-\ mdmw JÞw
]p{Xsâ Bbp-Ên-\p-th-­n-bpÅ D]m-k-\hpw P]-hpamWv CXp-hsc ]d-ª-Xv. C\n X\n¡p Xs¶ ZoÀL-Po-hnX-¯n-\p-th-­n-bpÅ D]m-k-\bpw P]hpw ]d-bp-¶p. Pohn¨n-cp-¶m-età ]p{X³ apX-emb ^e-§Ä A\p-`hn-¡m³ Ign-b q.

]pcptjm hmh bÚx Xky bm\n NXpÀhnw-iXn hÀjmWn XXv {]mXx kh\w NXp ÀhnwiXy £cm Kmb-{Xo, Kmb-{Xw, {]mXx kh-\w, XZky hkthm \zm b¯mx {]mWm hmh hkh GtX loZw kÀhw hmk-b´n
]pcp-j³ Xs¶ bÚ-am-Ip-¶p. Ahsâ BZys¯ Ccp-]¯n-\mep hÀj-§Ä GXmtWm AXv {]mXx kh-\am-Ip-¶p. Kmb{Xn Ccp-]-¯n-\m-e-£- c-ap-Å-Xm-Ip-¶p. {]mXx

k bZ thmNw {]mWw {]]Zy CXn, {]mtWm hm CZw kÀhw `qXw bZnZw Inw N Xtah XXv {]m]Õn.

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220

I kh\w Kmb{Xn Oµ-Êm-bn-«p-Å-Xm-W.v Cu ]pcp-j-\m-Ip¶
bÚ-¯nsâ B{]mXx kh-\s¯ hkp-¡Ä A\p-K-X-cmbn-cn- ¡p-¶p. hkp-¡Ä {]mW-§Ä Xs¶- bm-Wv. Cu {]mW§Ä CXns\ FÃmw hkn-¸n-¡p-¶p.

AXnÂ\n-¶v, B D]-Xm-]-¯n \n¶v Db-cp-¶p. AK-Z-\mbn-¯o-cp-¶p. CXv XoÀ¨-bm-Wv.

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\mev]-s¯«p hÀj-§Ä GXmtWm AXv XrXo-bk-h\-am- Ip-¶p. PKXn F¶ OµÊv \mev]- s¯-«-£- c- apÅ aq¶mas¯ kh\w PK-Xnsb kw_-Ôn-¨Xm-Wv. Cu ]pcp-j-bÚ-¯nsâ B XrXo-b-k-h\w BZn-Xy-·mÀ A\p-K-X-cm-bnbÚ-ambn k¼m-Zn-¡-s¸-«n-cn-¡p¶ B ]pcp-js\ {]mXx kh-\-ambn k¼-¶-am-bn-cn-¡p¶ hb-Ên ac-W-i- cn- ¡p- ¶p. BZn- Xy- ·mÀ {]mW§Ä Xs¶- bm- Wv. Fs´- ¶m ¦m-Im-c-W-amb hym[n apX-emb Fs´- ¦nepw D]-X- ]n-¡-bm- Cu {]mW-§Ä CXns\ FÃmw BZm\w sN¿p-¶p. sW-¦nÂ, bÚkw]m-Zn-bmb ]pcp-j³ P]n-¡ -W w. Xw tNtZ-X-kvan³ hbkn Inw NnZp] AÃtbm {]mW-§-fm-Ip¶ hkp-¡sf CXv Fsâ {]mXx Xt]Xv k {_qbmXv:þ {]mWm B kh-\-am-Ip-¶p. am[yw Zn\-amb kh-\s¯ A\p-k-´m\w ZnXym CZw ta XrXob kh-\-am-bpc sN¿p-hn³. bÚ-amb Rm³ {]mW-§-fm-Ip¶ hkp-¡fpsS \Sp- hn h¨v hntem-]n-¡- cp- Xv. B D]-Xm-]-¯n \n¶v \p kw X\p-tX-Xn. am flw {]mWm\m DZvK-an-¡p-¶p. tcmK-hn-ap-à-\m-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. CXv XoÀ¨-bmamZnXym \mw at[y btÚm hntem]vko Wv.

Xw tNtZ-X-kvan³ hbkn Inw NnZp-]Xv t]Xv, k{_q-bmXv þ {]mWm hkh CZw ta {]mXx kh\w am[yw Zn\w kh\ a\pkw X\p-tXXn; am f lw {]mWm\w hkq\mw at²y btÚm hntem-]vko-tbXn; Dss²-h-XX GXy-KtZm l `h-Xn.

AY-bm-\yãm NXzm-cnwi ZzÀjmWn XXv XrXob kh\w Aãm-N-Xzmcnwi Z£ cm PKXo; PmKXw XrXob kh\w; XZky ffZnXym A\zm-b¯mx {]mWm hmh ffZnXym GtX loZw kÀh-am-Z-Z-tX.

tbXn; Dss²h XX GXy-KtZm l `h-Xn.

AY-bm\n NXp-kvO-Xzmcnw iZzÀjm-Wn, X ·m[yw Zn\w kh\w; NXp-Ý-Xzm-cnwi Z£-cm-{Xn-ãp]v; ss{Xãp` am[yw Zn\w kh\w; XZky cp{Zm A\zm-b¯mx, {]mWm hmh cp{Zmx, GtX lnZw kÀhw tcmZ-b-´n.
\mev]Xp hÀj-§Ä Ghtbm AXv a[yw Zn\-amb kh\-am-Ip-¶p. {Xnãn¸v F¶ OµÊv \mev]-¯n-\m-e£- c-ap-ÅXm-Ip-¶p. Cu ]pcp-j-b-Ú-¯nsâ kh-\s¯ cp{Z-·mÀ A\p-K-X-cm-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. cp{Z-·mÀ {]mW-§Ä Xs¶-bm-W.v Cu {]mW-§Ä Cu {]mWnPmXs¯ Ic-bn-¡p-¶p.

B ]pcp-js\ HSp-hn-es¯ \mev]-s¯-«p-hÀj-¯n hym[n apX-emb Fs´-¦nepw D]-X-]n-¸n-¡-bm-sW-¦n Ah³ P]n-¡-Ww. {]mW-§-fm-Ip¶ BZn-Xy-·msc Fsâ Cu aq¶m-as¯ kh-\am-Ip¶ BbÊp apgp-h-\m-¡q. bÚ-amb Rm³ {]mW-§-fm-Ip¶ BZn-Xy-·m-cpsS a[y¯nÂh¨v hntem-]n-¡-cp-Xv. Ah³ B D]-Xm-]-¯n \n¶v Db-cp-¶p. Ah³ tcmK-hn-ap-à-\m-bn-¯o-cp-¶p.

Xw tNZ-kvan³ hbkn InwNn-`p-]-X-t]Xv k{_q-bmXv:þ {]mWm cp{Zm CZw ta am²yw Zn\w kh\w XrXob kh\ a\pkw X\p-tX-Xn, am flw {]mWm\mw cp{ZmWmw at[y btÚm hntem]vko tbXn; Dss²h XX GXy-KtZm l `h-Xn.
bÚ-ambn k¼m-Zn-¡-s¸-«n-cn-¡p¶ ]pcp-js\ a²ywZn\ kh-\-Im-e-¯nÂ, hym[n apX-emb Fs´- ¦nepw D]-X]n-¸n-¡-bm-sW-¦n Ah³ P]n-¡-Ww. {]mW-§-em-Ip¶ cp{Z-·msc CXv Fsâ am[yw-Zn-\-amb kh-\-am-Ip- ¶p. XrXob kh-\s¯ A\p-k-´-]n-¡q. bÚ-amb Rm³ {]mW-§fm-Ip¶ cp{Z-·m-cpsS a[y-¯n h¨v hntem-]n-¡-cp-Xv.

GX² kva XZzn-Zzm-\ml aln-Zmk sFX-tcbx, k Inw a GX-Zp] X]kn tbm fla t\\ \ t{]jym aoXn; kl-tjm-Uiw hÀj iXa PohXv; {]ml, tjmUiw hÀj-iXw PohXn b Ghw thZ
A§n-s\-bpÅ Cu bÚ-ZÀi-\s¯ Adn-ªn-«pÅ CX-c-bpsS ]p{X-\mb aln-Zm-k³ ]dªp: Rm³ \o sN¿p¶ D]-Xm-]w-sIm­v acn-¡-b n-Ã. A§n-s \-bpÅ F\n¡v \o F´n\p D]- {Zhw D­m- ¡p¶p. aln- Zm- k³ \qän¸- Xn- \m- dp- hÀjw Pohn- ¨p. C{]- Imcw bÚ- kw- ]m- Z-\s¯ Adnbp¶ aäp- Å-h\pw C§ns\ \qän-¸-Xn- \mdp hÀjw Pohn-¡w. p

]Xn-t\gmw JÞw
k bZ iojXn bXv ]n]m-kXn b¶ catX Xm Bky Zo£mx

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B ]pcp-j³ Ain-¡p-hm-\n-Ñn-¡p¶p F¶-tX-tXm, ]m\w sNbzm-\n-Ñn-¡p¶p F¶-tX-tXm, can-¡m-Xn-cn-¡p-¶tX- tXm, Ah Chsâ Zo£-bm-Ip-¶p.

AY bZ-iv\mXn bXv ]n_Xo b{Z-atX XZp-]k ssZtcXn
Ain-¡p-¶Xp bmsXm-¶mtWm can-¡p-¶Xv bmsXm-¶mtWm AXv D]-k-¯p-¡-tfmSv kam-\X {]m]n-¡p-¶p.

DZzbw Xa-kkv]-cn-tPymXnx ]iy-´D ¯cw kzx ]iy´ D¯cw tZhw tZh{Xm kqcy-a-K· tPymXn-cp-¯a anXn tPymXn-cp-¯ -a-an-Xn.

K

AY b²-kXn bÚ-£Xn bss·Yp \w NcXn kvXpX-ikv{X tch XtZXn.
lkn-¡p-¶Xp bmsXm-t¶m, `£n-¡p-¶Xv bmsXm-t¶m ssaYp\w sN¿p-¶Xv bmsXm-t¶m AXv kvXpX ikv{X-§tfmSp kmayw {]m]n-¡p-¶p.

AÚm-\ -e-£-W -amb Xa-Ê n-\ -¸ p-d w, BZn-X y-\n ØnXn-sN-¿p-¶, tPymXn-Êns\ I­p-sIm­v aäp tPymXnÊp-Isf Dt]-£n¨v DÂIrãXc-amb \½psS lrZ-b¯nepÅ tPymXn-Êns\ I­p-sIm­v FÃm tZh-·m-cnepw tZh\pw tPymXn-Êp-Ifn h¨p-¯-a-\p-amb kqcys\ \mw {]m]n-¨n-cn- ¡p-¶ p.

]Xn-s\«mw JÞw
at\m {_tÒ-Xyp-]m-kosX Xy[ymßw AYm\n ssZhX amImtim {_tÒXn D`-b-am-Znãw `h-Xy-[ymßw Nm[n ssZh-aXw
a\Êv {_Ò-am- Ip- ¶p. F¶p IcpXn D]m- kn-¡-Ww. Bßhn-j-b- I-amb ZÀi-\w, tZh-Xm-hn-j- b-amb ZÀi-\w, ]d-bm³ t]mIp-¶p. BImiw {_Ò-am-Ip¶p F¶p hnNm-cn¨v D]mkn-¡-Ww. C{]-Imcw A[ym- ßhpw A[n-ssZ-h-Xhpw c­pw D]-tZ-in-¡-s¸- «n-cn-¡p-¶p.

AY-bXv Xt]m-Zm\ amÀP-h-a-lnwkm kXy-h-N-\an-XnXm Aky Z£nWmx X]-Ê,v Zm\w, EPq-Xzw, Alnw-k, kXyw ]d-bp-I, F¶pÅ-tXtXm Ah Cu ]pcp-j-b-Ú-¯nsâ Z£n-W -I fm-Ip-¶p.

Xkvam-Zmlqx tkmjy-Xy-tkm-tãXn; ]p \cp ]mZ\ tahm kyXXv; acWtahm ]ZrYx
AXp-sIm­p khn¡pw F¶pw khn¨p F¶p ]d-bp¶p. AXv Cu ]pcp-j-b-Ú-¯nsâ ]p\-cpÂ]m-Z\w Xs¶bm-Ip-¶p. acWw Xs¶ bÚ-]-cn-k-am-]Xn-bm-Ip-¶p. v

A§n-s\-bpÅ Cu {_Òw \mep-]m-Z-§-tfm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-XmIp-¶p. Cu ]mZw hm¡m-hp-¶p. Hcp ]mZw {]mW-\m-Ip-¶p. Cu bÚ-ZÀi-\s¯ A§v Knc-Ênsâ tKm{X-¯n- Hcp ]mZw N£p-Êm-Ip-¶p. Hcp ]mZw t{im{X-am-Ip-¶p. C\n epÅ tLmc³ tZh-Io-]p-{X-\mb IrjvW\v ]d-ªp-sIm-Sp- A[n-ssZ-hXw ]d-bm³ t]mIp-¶p. Hcp ]mZw Aán-bm-Ip¯n- «p-­v. IrjvW³ ]n]mk CÃm-¯-h-\mbn `hn-¨p. C{]- ¶p. Hcp ]mZw hmbp-hm-Ip-¶p. Hcp ]mZw BZn-Xy-\m-Ip-¶p. Im-c-apÅ bÚw Adn-bp-¶-h³ ac-W-Im-e-¯n Cu Hcp ]mZw Zn¡p-I-fm-Ip-¶p. C§ns\ A[ym-ßhpw A[naq¶p a{´hpw P]n-¡Ww:þ \o A£nXw BIp-¶p. \o ssZ-h-Xhpw c­p hn[-¯nepw NXp-jv]m-¯mb {_Òt¯ kzcq-]-¯n\p \mi- an-Ãm- ¯-Xm-Ip-¶p. \o {]mW\pw kq£va- D]-tZ-in-¡p-¶p. X-¯z-hp-am-Ip-¶p. Cu AÀ°-¯n Xmsg-¸-d-bp¶ c­v hmtKh {_ÒW ÝXpÀ° ]mZ E¡p-IÄ D­v.

Xss²-XZv tLmc B§v Knckx Ir-jvWmb tZhIo ]p{Xmtbm tàzm hmN; A]n-]mk Gh k _`qhm; tkm f´th-em-bmta XXv{Xbw {]Xn-]tZy X:þ A£n-X -a-ky-Nyp-X-akn {]m-Wkwin Xa-koXn; Xss{XtX tZz ENu `hXx

XtZX ¨Xp-jv]mZv {_Ò, hmIv, ]mZx {]mWx ]mZ-Ý£px ]mZx t{im{Xw ]mZ CXy-[ymßw AYm[n ssZhXw:þ Aánx ]mtZm hmbpx ]m Z, BZnXyx ]mtZm Znix ]mZ CXyp `b-tahm ffZnãw `hXy [ymßw ssN hm[n ssZhXw N.

BZnXv {]Xv\ky tcXkx ]iy´n hmkcw ]tcm bZn-[y-tX-Znhn

{]Xv\-amb PK- Zv_o- P-¯nsâ ]IÂt]m-se- bpÅ tPymXnÊns\ {_Ò-hn-¯p-IÄ FÃm-bn-S¯pw ImWp-¶p. B a\-Êm-Ip¶ {_Ò-¯nsâ \mem-as¯ ]mZw hm¡p-XtPymXnÊv ]c-ambn tZymX-\apÅ ]c-{_-Ò-¯n {]Im-ins¶-bm-Ip-¶p. B ]mZw Aán-bm-Ip¶ tPymXn-Êp-sIm­v ¡p-¶p.

tkm fán\m tPymXnjm `mXn N Xh\n N `mXn N X]-XnN Io À¯ym bikm {_Ò-hÀ¨tk \b Ghw thZ.

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I {]Im-in-¡p-Ibpw Xm]s¯ D­m-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. C{]Imcw Bcv Adn-bp-¶pthm Ah³ IoÀ¯n-sIm­pw biÊp-sIm­pw {_Ò-h-À-¨kw sIm­pw Zo]n-¡bpw X]n-¡pIbpw sN¿p-¶p.

{]mW Gh {_Ò-W-Ý-XpÀ°x ]mZx khm-bp\m tPymXn `mXnN X]-Xn-N, `mXn-N, X]-XnN IoÀ¯ym bikm {_Ò hÀ¨ k\ b Ghw thZ
a\-Êm-Ip¶ {_Ò-¯nsâ \mep ]mZ-§- fn H¶v {]mW\m-Ip-¶p. B hmZw hmbp-hm-Ip¶ tPymXn-Êp-sIm­v Zo]n¡bpw X]n-¡bpw sN¿p-¶p. C{]-Imcw Bcp Adn-bp¶pthm Ah³ IoÀ¯n- sIm-­pw, bi-Êp-sIm­pw {_ÒhÀ¨-kw-sIm-­pw, Zo]n-¡p-Ibpw X-]n-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p.

BZn- Xy³ {_Ò- a Ip¶p F¶v D]- tZ-in-¡p-¶p. B BZnmXys\ D]-hym-Jym\w sN¿p-¶p. CuP-K-s¯Ãmw DÂ]¯n¡p ap³]v Ak-¯p-t]mse Xs¶ Bbn-cp-¶p. AXv k¯m-bn-¯oÀ¶p. AXp kw`-hn-¨p. AXv AÞ-am-bn¯oÀ¶p. B AÞw Hcp kwh-Õ-c-t¯m-f-apÅ Imew InS-¶p. s]m«n ap«-t¯m-Sp-IÄ cP-Xhpw kphÀ®-hp-am-bnXoÀ¶p.

K

XZy{Z PXw tkbw ]rYn-hn, bXv kphÀ®w km Zux bÚ-cmbp tX ]ÀhXmx bZpev_w k tatLm \olmtcm; bm [a\ bkvXm \ tZym; bZzm-kvtXb apZIw k kap{Zx
bmsXmcp I]mew cP-X-am-bn-¯oÀ¶pthm AXv Cu ]rYn-h n- b m-I p- ¶ p. bmsXmcp I]mew kphÀ×m-b n¯oÀ¶pthm AXv tZymhm-Ip-¶p. KÀ`-¯nsâ Øpe-amb Bh-c-W-tatXm AXp ]Àh-X-§- em-bn- ¯oÀ¶p. Dev_- sa¶p ]d-bp¶ KÀ`-th-ã-tatXm AXv taL-§-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb a¯mbn-¯ oÀ¶p. KÀ`-¯ nsâ tZl-¯ n-e pÅ Rc-¼ p-I Ä GXmtWm Ah \Zn-I-fm-bn-¯oÀ¶p. KÀ`-¯nsâ hkvXnbn-epÅ Pew GtXm AXv kap-{Z-am-bn-¯oÀ¶p.

N£p-tch {_Ò-W-Ý-XpÀ°x ]mZx k BZn-tXy\ tPymXnjm `mXnN X]Xn N; `mXn N X]Xn N IoÀ¯ym bikm {_Ò-hÀ¨-tk-\b Ghw thZ.
{_Ò- ¯nsâ \mep- ]m- Z-§-fn H¶v N£p-Êm-Ip-¶p. B ]mZw BZn-Xy-\m-Ip¶ tPymXn-Êp-sIm­v Zo]n-¡bpw X]n¡bpw sN¿p-¶p.

AY bXv XZ PmbX tkmfkm-h m-Zn-Xy, kvXw Pmb-am\w tLmjm Dep-Jthm \qZ-Xn-jvT³ kÀhmWn N `qXm\n kÀthN Imamx, Xkvam-¯-tkym-Zbw {]Xn {]Xym b\w {]Xn-tLmjm Deqthm f´¯njvT ´n kÀhmWn `qXm\n kÀthN Imamx
B AÞ-¯n GsXm- ¶mtWm P\n- ¨Xv AXv B BZnXy-\m-Ip-¶p. P\n-¡p¶ Ahsâ ]n¶mse henb i_vZt¯m-Sp-Iq-Snb tLmj-§fpw FÃm `qX-§fpw FÃm Ima§fpw D°m\w sNbvXp. AXn-\m B BZn-Xysâ DZbw \nan-¯-ambpw Akvabw \nan-¯-ambpw ho­pw ho­papÅ {]Xym-Ka\w \nan-¯-ambpw Deq-e-¡-fmb tLmj§fpw FÃm `qX-§epw FÃm Ima-§fpw A´À²m\w sN¿p-¶ p.

t{im{X-tah {_Ò-W-Ý-XpÀ°x ]mZx, kZn KvZnÀ tPym Xnjm `mXn N X]Xn N; `mXn N ]X]n N IoÀ¯ym-b-iÊm {_Ò-hÀ¨ tk\ b Ghw thZ.
a\-Êm- Ip¶ {_Ò-¯nsâ \mep- ]m-Z-§- fn H¶v t{im{Xam-Ip-¶p. B ]mZw Zn¡p-I-fm-Ip¶ tPymXn-Êp-sIm­v Zo]n¡bpw X]n-¡bpw sN¿p-¶p. C{]-Imcw Bcp Adn-bp¶pthm Ah³ IoÀ¯n-sIm­pw bi-Êp-sIm­pw {_ÒhÀ¨-ckw sIm­pw Zo]n-¡bpw X]n-¡bpw sN¿p-¶p. hnZym-^ew FÃm-bn-S¯pw Xpey-am-Ip-¶p. AZr-ã-^ew {_Ò-kw-]¯n- bm-Wv. -

]s¯m³]Xmw JÞw
BZntXym {_tÒXym tZix Xtkym] hymJym\wx Ak tZth Z a{K AkoXv; XXv kZm-koXv; XXv ka-`hXv; XZmÞw \nc hÀ¯X; XXv kwh kcky am{Xm-a-ibX; X¶n c`n-ZyX; X BÞI ]mte cPXw N kphÀ®w Nm`-h-Xmw.

k b GX-tahw hnZzm-\m-ZnXyw {_tÒ Xyp]mkvtX f`ymtim l btZ\w km[thm tLmjm BN-K-tÑbp cq]-N\n t{atU-c³ \nt{a-t U-c³
C{]-Imcw Adnªp Cu BZn-Xys\ {_Ò-sa-¶p-h¨v Bcv D]m-kn-¡p-¶p-thm, Chs\ \nÀt±m-j-§-fmb tLmj§Ä BK-an-¡bpw kpJn-¸n-¡bpw sN¿pw. CXv io{Lw kw`-hn-¡pw.

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I \mem-a-²ymbw
H¶mw JÞw
hmbphpw {]mW\pw km£m {_Ò-sa¶ \ne-bn D]m-ky-§-em-sW¶v hn[n- ¡p-¶- Xn- \mbn D¯-c-{KÙw Bcw`n-¡p¶p. IYmhnjb-{K-lWw Ffp-¸-am-¡p-¶-Xn\pw hnZy \ÂIp-¶-Xn\pw {Kln-¡p-¶-Xn-\p-apÅ hn[n ImWn-¡p-¶p. {i², A¶- Zm-\w, A\p-²-XXzw apX- em-bh IqSn hnZym-{]m]vXn-km-[-\-§-fm-W¶v Cu A²ym-b-¯n ]d-bp-¶p.

InwN {]Pmx km[p IpÀh-´n, bkvXtZz Z bXv k thZ k a ssb XZpà CXn.

K

Hmw PmK-{ip-XnÀl ]u{Xm-bWx {i²m tZ tbm _lp-Zmbo _lp-hmIy Bk, k, l kÀhX Bh-Øm³ am]bmw Nt{I, k ÀhX Gh tafÕy-´oXn
{i²-tbm-Sp-IqSn sImSp-¡p-¶ -h-\pw, hf-sc-sIm-Sp-¡p¶hpw hfsc A¶w ]mIw sNbvI F¶Xv Xsâ Krl¯n-ep-Å-h\ p-ambn ]p{Xsâ ]u{X-\ mb P\-{ip-X sâ A]Xyw D­m-bn-cp-¶p. ]u{Xm-b-W-\mb Pm\-{ipXn FÃmbn-S¯pw hmk-`-h-\§sf D­m-¡n-¨p. FÃm-bn-S¯pw Fsâ A¶w \evIpw F¶-bmÄ ]d-ªp.

GXp {]Im-c-amtWm NqXn \mev A¡w-sIm­p Pbn¨-h-\v, AXn-\p-X m-sg-b p-Å -t{X-X , Zzm]-c w, Ien F¶p t]cpÅ aq¶pw, c­pw, H¶pw A¡-§Ä A´À`-hn-¡p¶Xv A{]-Imcw {]P-IÄ Fs´Ãmw km[p-hm-bn-«p-ÅXp sN¿p-¶pthm AsXÃmw Cu sscIz-\n A´À`-hn-¡p- ¶p. B sscIz³ F´ns\ Adn-bp-¶p-thm, AXns\ Bcp Adnbp-¶pthm Ah³ C{]-Imcw Adn-bp-¶p.

XZpl Pm\-{ipXnx ]u{Xm-bW D] iq{imh; k l kwPn lm\ Gh £¯mc aphmN:þ A§v Kmtc lk bpKzm-\-anh sscIz amt°-Xn, tbm\p IYw kbpKzm sscIz CXn. bYm IrXm b hnPn-Xm-bm-[-tcbmx kwb-t´y-hta \w kÀhw X Z`n ktaXn bXv Inw N {]Pmx km[p IÀh´n; bkvXtZzZ bXv k thZ, k a ssbX-Zpà CXn.
B lwk-§-fpsS hN-\s¯ ]u{XmbW\mb Pm\{ipXn D]-{i-hn¨p. Ah³ ib-\s¯ hnSp¶ Ah-k-c-XXn¯s¶ £¯m-hn-t\mSv ]d-ªp. FtSm hÕm, kbpizm-hmb sscIy-s\-t¸mse ]d-bp-¶pthm AÃ-¦n kbpizm-hmb sscIz-t\mSp ]d-bpI F¶v ]d-bp-¶p. kbp-izmhmb sscIz³ F¶p ]d-bp¶ BÄ F§n- s\-bp- Å- h\mWv? £¯mhp tNmZn-¨p. F{]-Imcw IrX-sa¶p ]d-bp¶ Bbw sIm­p t\Sn-b-h\v Xmsg-bpÅ t{XX, Zzm]cw Ien F¶o Bb-§Ä A´À`-hn-¡p-¶-Xp-t]mse F{]-Im-cw, {]P-IÄ Fs´Ãmw sN¿pt¶m AsXÃmw Cu sscIzs\ A`n-kw-Kan-¡p- ¶p. Ah³ F´p Adn- bp- ¶p-thm, AXns\ BcmtWm a\-Ên-em-¡p-¶Xv Ah\pw C{]-Imcw ]d-bp-¶p. P\-{ipXn ]d-ªp.

AY l lwkm \nim-bm-aXn t]Xpx Xss²h lw tkm lwk-a-`yp-hmZ tlm tlmbn! `Ãm£! Pm\-{iptXx ]u{Xm-b-Wky kaw Znhm tPymXncm XXw, X·m {]km§v£o kvX¯zm am {][m-£o-cn-Xn.
A§n-s\-bn-cn-¡p-t¼mÄ Hcn-¡Â cm{Xn-bn lwk§Ä cmPm- h n\p ImW- ¯ - ¡ - h ®w IS- ¶ p- t ]m- b n. At¸mįs¶ B Iq«-¯n Hcp lwkw asämcp lwkt¯mSv ]d-ªp. AÃtbm `Ãm£m!, `Ãm£m!, ]u{Xm-b-W\mb Pm\-{ip-Xn-bpsS tPymXn-Êv, tZymhn-t\mSv Xpey-ambn hym]vX-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. B tPymXn-Êns\ {]k-Ön-¡-cp-Xv. B tPymXnÊv \ns¶ Zln-¸n-¡pw.

Xapl ]cx {]Xyp-hmNx Iazc G\ taXXv k´w k bpKzm\ anhssc Izamt° Xntbm\p IYw kbpKzm sscIz CXn.
A§ns\ ]dª lwk-t¯mSv atä lwkw adp-]Sn ]dªp: FtSm Cu PmK-{ip-Xn¡p F´p amlm-ßy-ap-Å-Xn\m-emWv iI-S-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Snb sscIzs\ F¶-t]mse \o C§ns\ ]d-bp-¶-Xv. kmbp-Kzm-hmb sscIz³ F¶p ]dbp-¶Xv F§n-s\-bp-Å-h-\mWv F¶v BZyw ]dª lwkw tNmZn-¨p.

k l £¯m f\znjy, \mhn-Z-anXn {] tXybmb; Xwtlm hmN:þ b{Xmtc! {_mÒ-Wkym-t\z-jWm X tZ\ aÀtÑ-Xn. B £¯mhv At\z-jn-¨n«v Rm³ Adn-ªnà F¶pw ]dªv Xncn-¨p-h-¶p. Ah-t\mSp cmPmhv ]dªp: FtSm {_mÒ-W sâ At\z-j Ww Fhn-s S-b mtWm AhnsS sscIzs\ At\z-jn-¡q.

bYm IrXmb hnPnXm bm[-tcbmx kwb t´yh ta\w kÀhw X``n kta-Xn, bXv

tkm f[kvXmÑ ISky ]mam\w Ij-amW apt]m ]hn-th-i, \ lm`yp-hmZxþ Xzw \p `Khx kbp-kzm-sscIz CXn Alw lycm3 CXn l {]Xn PtÚ, kl £¯m fhnZ-anXn {]tXy-bmb

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I

Ah³ iI-S-¯nsâ ASn-bn ]mam-hns\ sNmdn-ªpsIm-­n-cn- ¡p¶ Hcp- hsâ ASp- ¡Â sN¶n- cp-¶p. B sscIzt\mSv ]d-ª p. `K- h m-t\, kzbp-i zm- h mb sscIz³ A§mtWm Rm³ Xs¶- bmWv F¶v sscIz³ ]d-ªp. B £¯mhv Rm³ sscIzs\ Adnªp F¶p ]dªp {]XymK-an-¨p.

Xkym l apJ apt]mZv KrlvW¶p hmN:-þ BP-lm-tcamx iq{Zm t\ ss\h aptJ\m ffem]-bn-jyYm CXn tX ssltX ssc Iz ]À®m \ma alm-hr-tjjp b{Xmkvam Dhmk Xkvssa tlmhmN

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c­mw JÞw
XZpl Pm\-{ipXnx ]u{Xm-bWx jSv iXm\n Khmw, \njvI, aiz-X-co-cYw X Zm Zmb {]Xn-N{Ita ]u{Xm-b-W-\mb Pm\-{ipXn Adp-\qdp ]ip-¡tf Igp¯n-en-Sp¶ lmc-t¯-bpw, s]¬tIm-hÀ Igp-X-IÄ hen¡p¶ Hcp cY-t¯-bpw, FSp-¯p-sIm­v sscIzsâ ASp¡-te¡p sN¶p.

B cmP-]p-{Xn-sb-X- s¶, hnZym-Zm-\-¯n-\pÅ Zzmc-sa¶v Adn-ªp-sIm­v sscIz³ ]d-ªp. AÃtbm iq{Zm, Cu ]ip-¡-tfbpw aäpw \o sIm­p- h-¶tÃm \¶m-bn. Cu apJwsIm-­p-Xs¶ Fs¶-s¡m­p \o ]d-bn-¡p-¶p. A§n-s\bpÅ Cu {Kma-§Ä, alm-hr-£-§Ä F¶p ]d- bp¶ tZi§Ä sscIz-hÀ®-§Ä F¶p {]kn- ²- §- fm- Ip-¶p. B {Kma§-fn sscIz³ hkn-¨n-cp-¶p. B {Kma-§Ä sscIz\v cmPmhp sImSp-¯- Xm-Wv. C§s\ [\w sImSp¯ cmPm- hn\v sscIz³ hnZysb ]dªp-sIm-Sp-¯p.

Xw lm`yp-hmZ:þ ssctIz-am-\n-jSv iXm\n Khm, abw \njvtImfb aiz Xco-ctYm f\pa GXmw `Kthm tZ hXmw im[n, bmw tZhXm ap]mÊ CXn.

aq¶mw JÞw
hmbpÀhmh kwhÀ¤x bZm hm Aán-cp-Zzm-bXn hmbp-tahm t]yXn; bZm kqÀt¿m fkvXta-Xn, hmbp-tahm t]yXn; bZm Nt{µm fkvXta-Xn, hmbp-tahm t]yXn

sscIz-t\mSp ]dªp: AÃtbm sscIz CXm Adp-\q-dp]-ip- ¡Ä; CXm IÞ-lm-cw, CXm Aiz- §sf ]q«nb cYw. _mly-amb hmbp kw{K-l-W-kz-`m-ha p-Å-Xm-Ip-¶p. AÃ-tbm, `K-hmt\ A§v GXv tZh- Xtb D]m-kn- ¡p-¶pthm Aán Ft¸mÄ DZzm- ks¯ {]m]n- ¡p- ¶pthm At¸mÄ hmbpCu tZh-Xsb F\n¡v ]d-ªp-X-cq. hnsâ kz`mhw {]m]n-¡p-¶p. kqcy³ Ft¸mÄ AkvX-an¡p-¶pthm At¸mÄ hmbp-hnÂXs¶ ebn-¡p-¶p. N{µ³ Xapl ]cx {]Xyp-hm-Nml ltcXzm Ft¸mÄ AkvX-an-¡p-¶pthm At¸mÄ hmbp-hn¯s¶ iq{Z, Xsshh kl tKm`n-ckvXznXn; ebn- ¡p-¶p.

XZpl ]p\-tch Pm\-{ipXnx ]u{Xm bWx kl{kw Khmw, \njvI, aiz-Xcn cYw, Zpln-Xcw, XZm-Zmb {]Xn-N{Ita -

bZmf] DNviq-jy´n hmbp-ta-hm]n b´n; hmbpÀtly ssh Xm³ kÀhm³ kw]r§vtà CXym-[n-ssZ-hXw

Pm\-{i-Xn-tbmSv sscIz³ D¯cw ]d-ªp. FSm iq{ZA¸p-I Ä Ft¸mÄ häp- ¶ pthm At¸mÄ hmbplm- c-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Snb iInSn ]ip- ¡-tfm-Sp-IqsS \n\-¡p- Xs¶ hn¯s¶ ebn-¡p-¶p. hmbp Aán apX-em-bh sb Ccn-¡-s«. AXn-\p-tijw ho­pw ]u{Xm-b-W\mb Pm\FÃmw kw{K-kn-¡p-¶p. C§s\ tZh-X-I-fn-epÅ kwhÀ¤{ipXn Bbncw ]ip-¡-tfbpw IWvT-lm-c-t¯bpw Aiz-XZÀi\w D­m-Ip-¶p. co-c-Yt¯bpw Xsâ ]p{Xn-tbbpw Iq«n, A[-\hp-ambn sscIysâ ASp-¡-te¡p sN¶p. AYm-[ymßw:þ {]mtWm hmh kwhÀ¤x

Xw lm`yp-hmZ:þ ssctIzZw kl{kw Khm, abw \njvtIm fba izX-co-cY, Cbw, Pmbm fbw {Kmtam bkvan-¶mtÊf t\zham `Khx im[oXn
sscIz-t\mSv ]dªp AÃtbm sscIzm, CXm Bbncw ]ip-¡Ä, CXm IWvT-lm-cw, CXm Aiz-X-co-c-Yw, CXm At§¡p `mcy, CXm A§v Ccn-¡p¶ {Kmaw. AÃtbm `K-hm-t\, Fs¶ A\p-im-kn-¡-tW.

k bZm kz]nXn {]mW-tah hmK-t]yXn; {]mWw N£px {]mWw t{im{Xw, {]mWw a\x, {]mtWm tlyssh Xm³ kÀhm³ kw hr§và CXn.
C\n Bß-hn-j-b-I-amb kwhÀ¤-ZÀi\w ]d-bp-hm³ t]mIp-¶p. apJy-{]m-W³ kwhÀ¤-am-Ip-¶ p. ]pcp-j³ Ft¸mÄ Dd-§p-¶pthm At¸mÄ hmáv{Znbw {]mW-\n ebn-¡p-¶p. {]mW³ hmKm-Zn-Isf FÃmw kw{K-kn-¡p-¶p.

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Xu hm GXu Zzu kwhÀ¤u hmbp tch tZth-jp, {]mWx {]mtW-jvT.
A§n- s\-bp-Åh Ch c­pw Xs¶-bm-Wv. P\-Kp-W-apÅh tZh-·m-cn hmbp- X-s¶, hmKm- Zn-I- fmb {]mW-§- fn apJy³ {]mW-\m-Ip-¶p.

Xkvam D l `Zpx tXhm GtX ] ©mt\y, ]©m-t\y, Zi-k-´-kvXXv IrXw `h-Xn, XkvamXv kÀhmkp Zn £z¶-tah Zi IrXw, sskjm hn cmk-¶m-Zo, XtbZw kÀhw Zrãw, kÀh atkyZw Zrãw `h-Xy-¶mtZm `hXn b Ghw thZb Ghw thZ.

K

AY l iu\Iw N Imt]-b, a`n {]Xm-coWw N Im£tk \nw ]cn hnjy-amWu {_Ò-Nmco _n`nt£;

B {_Ò-Nm-cn¡v `rXy-·mÀ `n£-sIm-Sp-¯p. A§-s\bpÅ Cu A©v thsd, A©v thsd þ BsI ]¯m-bn«v Xkvam Dl\ ZZ-Xpw. ap¼p ]dª IrX- am-hp-¶p. AXn-\m FÃm Zn¡p-I-fnepw C\n Hcp sFXn-ly-ap-ÅXp ]d-bmw. ]cn-th-jWw sN¿IrX-amb AáymZn ZiIw A¶-am-Ip-¶p. A§-s\-bpÅ s¸- Sp-¶- h-cmb I]n- tKm-{X-P-X-\mb ip\- I-]p- {X-t\mSpw I£Cu hncmZv A¶m-Zn-\n-bm-Ip-¶p. B hncm-«n-\m Cu PKtk-\sâ A]-Xy-amb A`n-{]-Xm-cn-tbmSpw Hcp {_Ò-Nm-cns¯Ãmw ImWp-¶p. C{]-Imcw Bcp Adn-bp-t¶m, Ah\v `n£ tNmZn¨p Ah-¶v `n£ sImSp-¯n-Ã. Cu PK-s¯Ãmw Zrã-am-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. Ah³ A¶m-Z-\mbn ktlm-hmN:þ almß \Ý Xptcm tZh Xocp- ¶p.

GIx Ix k PKmc `qh-\ky tKm]mx Xw Imt] b \m`n ]iy´n aÀ¯ym A `n{]-Xm-cn³ _lp[m hk´w; b kvssa hm GX-Z-¶w, Xkvam G X¶Z¯-an-Xn.

\memw JÞw
kXy Imtaml Pm_m-tem, P_memw amXc ama-{´bmw Nt{I:þ {_Ò-Ncyw `h-Xn, hnh-Õym-an, Inw tKmt{Xm \z

B {_Ò-Nmcn ]dªp: \mep alm-ßm-¡sf `qh-\¯nsâ c£n-Xm-hmb B {]Pm-]-Xn-bm-Ip¶ Hcp tZh³ lakvan? CXn. {Kkn-¨p. AÃtbm Imt]-bm, A`n-{]m-Xm-cn³, ]e {]Im-cPm_m-e-bpsS ]p{X-\mb kXy-Im-a-s\¶ Hcp-h³ Xsâ ¯n hkn¡p¶ B {]Pm-]-Xnsb aÀ¯ym-·mÀ Adn-bp¶n- Ã. Cu A¶w BÀ¡m- bn-«p-Å-XmtWm Ah\v sImSp- ¡p- amXm-hmb Pm_m-e-tbmSv bm{X ]d-ªp. AÃtbm `hXn Rm³ {_Ò-Ncyw BN-cn-¡p-hm³ t]mIp-¶p. Rm³ GXp ¶n-Ã. tKm{X-¡m-c-\m-sW¶p ]d-ªm-epw.

XZpl iu\Ix Iwt]bx {]Xn-a\zm \x {]tXy-bmb; Bßm-tZ-hm\mw

km ssl\-ap-hmN:þ \ml-ta-XZv thZ XmX, bZv tKm{XkvXz-akn;_lzlw ]cn-Nc´n ]cn-Nm-cnWo buht\ Xzmae t`m km flta X¶-th-Z-bZv tKm{X kvXzakn; P_mem Xp \mam l akvan, kXy-Imtam \ma Xzakn; k kXy Ima Gh Pm_mtem {_phoYmx CXn
B P_me kXy-Im-a-t\mSv ]d-ªp: FtSm, \o GXp tKm{X- ¡m- c- \m- W-¶p- ÅXv F\n-¡-dnªp IqSm, Rm³ hfsc ]cn- N - c n-¨ p- s Im­v ]cn- W - i n-e - b m- b n- c p- ¶ p. buÆ- \ ¯n¯s¶ \ns¶ e`n-¨p. A§-s\-bpÅ F\n¡p \o GXp tKm{X-¯n-ep-Å-h-\m-sW¶v Adn-bm³ km[y-an-Ã. F¶m Rm³ P_me F¶p t]cp-Å-h- fm-Ip-¶p. \o kXyIm-a³ F¶p t]cp-Å-h-\m-Ip-¶p. A§-s\-bpÅ \o P_me-bpsS ]p{X-\mb kXy-Im-a-\m-W¶p BNm-cy-t\mSp ]db-W w.

P\nXm {]Pm\mw lnc-Wy-Zwãm _`tkm f\kp-cnÀ½ lm´-a-ky-aln am\-amlpx, A\-Zy-amt\m bZ-\-¶a ¯oXn sshhbw {_Ò-Nm-cn-t¶-Z. ap]m-kva-tl, Z¯m- kvssa-`n-£m-anXn
B {_Ò-Nm-cn-bpsS hN\w Btem-Nn-¨p-sIm­v Imt]b- \mb iu\- I³ {_Ò-Nm- cn-bpsS ASp- ¡Â h¶p ]dªp: Ah³ Ømh-c-Pw-K-a-§-fpsS Bßmhpw Aáym-Zn-I-fptSbpw {]P-I-fp-tSbpw P\-bn-Xm-hpw, Hcn-¡epw \in-¡m¯ Zwã-ItfmSp IqSn-b-h-\pw, `£-W-io-e\pw ta[mhn Bbn«p-Å-h\pw BIp-¶p. Xm³ A\y-cm `£n-¡-s¸-SmsX A¶-a-Ãm¯ Aán-hm¡v apX- em-bXns\ A`n-h-Zn-¡p¶p F¶p-Å-Xn-\mÂ, Ahsâ aln-am-hns\ al-s¯¶p ]d-bp¶p. AÃtbm {_Ò-Nm- cn \mw ta¸-dª e£y- §- tfmSp IqSnb {_Òs¯ FÃm-bn- S¯pw D]m-kn-¡p-¶p. Cu {_ÒNm-cn¡v `n£ sImSp-¡q.

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I

k l lmcn-{Zp-aXw KuX-a-ta-tXym-hmN:þ {_Ò-Ncyw `K-hXn hÕym-ayp-t]bw `hX ´an-Xn.
B kXy-Im- a³ lcn-{Zp- hsâ ]p{X-\mb KuX-asâ ASp¯p-sN¶p ]dªp: `K-hmt\ A§-bpsS ASp-¡Â {_ÒN-cy-ambn hkn-¡-W-sa¶p Rm\m-{K-ln-¡p-¶p. `K-hms\ injy-s\-¶pÅ \ne-bn F\n¡v D]-K-an-¡-Ww.

bm-¡n-sIm­p kXy-Im-a³ ]dªp: Bbncw XnI-bmsX Rm³ Xncn¨p hcn- I-bn-Ã. B kXy-Im-a³ hfsc hÀj- §Ä Ign-bp-¶-Xp-hsc Kpcp k¶n-[n-bn hcmsX Im«n Xs¶ Ign-ªp. At¸mÄ B ]ip-¡Ä Bbn-c-am-bn-¯oÀ¶p.

K

A©mw JÞw
AY ssl\ arjt`m f`yphmZ kXyIm a3 CXn, `Kh CXnl {]Xnip {imh; {]m]vXmx tkmay, kl{kw kvax {]m]b \ BNm-cy-Ipew
]ns¶ kXy-Im-as\ Hcp Imf hnfn-¨p. kXy-Ima `Khms\ kXy-Im-a³ hnfn tI«p. AÃtbm kuaym, R§Ä Bbncw F¶ kwJy {]m]n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. R§sf BNm-cyIp-e-¯n sIm­p sN¶p hnSq.

Xw tlm hmN:þ Inw tKm{Xm\p tkymaym koXn; k tlmhmN:þ \m lta-XZv thZ t`m bZv tKmt{Xm fl akvan, A]r Ñw amX-cw, kmam {]Xy-{_-hoXv þ {_ lzlw Nc´o ]cn-Nm-cnWo buht\ Xzm aet`; km flta X¶ thZ bZv tKm{X kvXzakn; Pq_me Xp \maml akvan, kXy-Imtam \ma Xza-ko-Xn, tkm flw kXy Imtam Pm_mtem fkvant`mx CXn.
B kXy-Im-a-t\mSv BNm-cy³ tNmZn¨p:þ AÃtbm kuaym, \o GXp tKm{X- ¡m-c-\mWv? kXy-Im- a³ ]d- ªp. Rm³ GXp tKm{X- ¡m-c-\m- sW¶v F\n- ¡- dn-ªp- Iq-Sm. Rm³ A½tbmSp tNmZn-¨p. A½ ]dªp: Rm³ hfsc ]cn-N-cn-¨psIm­v ]cn-N-c-W- io- e-bm-bn-cp-¶p. buh-\-¯n \ns¶ e`n¨p. A§s\bpÅ Rm³ \o GXp tKm{X- ¡m-c-\m-sW¶v Adn-bp-Ibn-Ã. F¶m Rm³ Pm_me F¶p t]cp-Å-hfm-W.v \o kXy-hm³ F¶p t]cp-Å-h-\p-am-Ip-¶p. AÃtbm `K-hm³, A§-s\-bpÅ Rm³ Pm_m-e-bpsS ]p{X\mb kXy-Im-a-\m-Ip-¶p.

{_Ò-WÝ tX ]mZw {_hm-WoXn; {_ho-Xpta `K-h-m\n-Xn, Xkvssatlm hmN:þ {]mNn ZnIvIem, {]XoNo Zn¡-em, Z£n-Wm-ZnIv ItemZo NoZnIv Iem, Gjssh tkmay, NXp-jvIex ]mtZm {_ÒWx {]Imihm³ \ma.
\n\¡v {_Ò-¯nsâ \men-sem-cp `mKw ]d-ªp-X-c-t«. B Ej`w XpSÀ¶p tNmZn-¨p. `K-h³ F\n¡p ]dªp X¶mepw kXy-Im-a³ ]d-ªp. Ah³ ]dªp: Ingt¡ Zn¡v {_Ò-sa¶ ]mZ-¯nsâ \men-sem-¶m-Ip-¶p. ]Snªmsd Zn¡v Hcp Ie-bm-Ip-¶p. sXt¡ Zn¡v Hcp Ie-bmIp-¶p. hSt¡ Zn¡v Hcp Ie-bm-Ip-¶p. AÃtbm kuaym, \mep Ie-I-tfmSp IqSn-b, {_Ò-¯nsâ Cu ]mZw {]Im-ihm³ F¶p t]cp-Å-Xm-Ip-¶p.

Xw tlmhmN:þ ss\XZ {_mÒtWm hn thàp aÀl-Xn, kan[w tkmaym fflc, D]Xzm t\tjy, \ kXym-ZKmx CXn. Xap-]-\ob Irim\m a _em\w NXpxi Xm Km \ncm-IrtXym hm tNamx tkm aym\p kw{h-tPXn Xm A`n-{]-Øm-]b ¶p hmNm \mk-lt{kWm ffhÀt¯-tbXn k l hÀj KWw t{]mhm-k, XmbZm kl{kw kw t] Zpx
B kXy-Im-a-t\mSv KuX-a³ ]dªp: Cu hN-\s¯ {_mÒ-W -\Ãm-¯-h³ ]d-bp-hm³ \ymb-an-Ã. AÃtbm kuaym, Na-X-sIm­p hcq. \ns¶ Rm³ D]-\-bn-¡mw. kXy-¯n \n¶v \o sXän-bn-«n-Ã. Ahs\ D]-\-bn-¨n«v Iri§fpw A_-e-I-fpamb \m\qdp ]ip-¡sf ]ip-¡q-«-¯n \n¶p thÀXn-cn-¨p-\nÀ¯n- bn«v ]dªp: AÃtbm kuay Cu tKm¡sf A\p-K-an-¡pI. B tKm¡sf Im«n-te¡p bm{X-

k b GX-tZhw hnZzmw-Ý-Xp-jvIew ]mZw {_ÒWx {]Im-i-hm-\nXyp ]mkvtX, {] Imi-hm-\-kvan³ temtI `h-Xn, {]Im ihtXm l temIm-RvP-b-Xn, b GX tahw hnZzm-Ý-Xp-jvIew ]mZw {_ÒWx {]Imi hm\n-X yp-]mkvtX
C§s\ Adn-ªp-sIm­v Cu \mep-I-e-I-tfmSp IqSnb {_Ò-¯nsâ ]mZw {]Im-i-hm³ F¶ KpW-t¯m-Sp-IqSn Bcv D]m-kn-¡p-¶p-thm, Ah³ Cu temI-¯n {]hn-JymX-\m-bn-¯o-cpw. C{]-Im-c-a-dn-ªp-sIm­v \mep Ie-I-tfm-SpIq-Snb Cu {_Ò-¯nsâ ]mZs¯ {]Imi-hm³ F¶ph¨v Bcv D]m-kn-¡p-¶p-thm, Ah³ {]Im-i-apÅ temI-§Ä {]m]n-¡pw.

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I Bdmw JÞw
Aántã ]mZw htàXn k l tizm `qtX Km A `n{]-Øm-hbmw NImc; Xm b{Xm Znkmbw _`qhp kvX{Xm-Km\n ap]-kam[mb Km D]-cp[y kao-[-am-\mb ]Ým-Ztáx {]m§p-t]m-]-hn-th-i.
Aán \n\¡v {_Ò-¯nsâ Hcp ]mZw ]d-ªp-Xcpw F¶p ]dªv Ej`w \ndp-¯n. kXy-Im-a³ ]ntä Znhkw ]ip-¡-sf-sIm­v BNm-cy-Ip-e-¯n-te¡p Xncn-¨p. B ]ip¡Ä kÔy-bm-b-t¸mÄ GXp tZi¯p sN¶p-thm, AhnsS Xo Iq«n, ]ip-¡sf FÃmw XSp¯p \nÀ¯n, kan-Zm-[\w sNbvXv Aán-bpsS ]nd-In Ing-t¡m«p apJ-ambn Ccp-¶p.

Ggmw JÞw
lwkkvtX ]mZw htàXn k l tiz`q tX Km A`n-{]-Øm-]bmw NImc; Xm b{XmZn kmbw _`q-hr, kvX{Xmán ap] k am[m-bKm D]-cp[y kan-[-am-[mb ] ÝmZtáx {]m§p-t]m] hnthi

K

lwkw \n\¡v Hcp ]mZs¯ ]d-ªp-X-cpw. F¶p ]dªp Aán hnc-an-¨p. Ah³ ]ntä Znh-k- am-b- t¸mÄ ]ip¡sf bm{X-bm-¡n. B ]ip-¡Ä kÔy-bm-b-t¸mÄ GXp Øe-¯mtbm AhnsS Xo Iq«n ]ip-¡sf XSp-¯p- \nÀ¯n. kan-Zm-[m\w sNbvXv Aán-bpsS ]Sn- ªm- dp-hiw Ing-t¡m«v apJ-ambn ASp-¡Â Ccp-¶p.

Xaán c`yp-hmZ kXy-Ima3 CXn `Kh CXn l {]Xn ip{imh
kXy-Im-a-t\mSv Aán kXy-Imam F¶p hnfn-¨p. `Khmt\ kXy-Ima³ hnfn-tI-«p.

Xw lwk D]-\n-]-Xym-`yp-hmZ:þ kXy Ima3 CXn `Kh CXn l {]Xn ip{im-h .
lwkw ASp-¡Â h¶v Ahs\ hnfn¨p:- kXy-Imam F¶p hnfn-¨p. `K-hmt\ kXy-Im-a³ hnfn-tI-«p.

{_ÒWx tkmay, tX ]mZw {_hm-WoXn; {_ho-Xpta `K-hm-\n-Xn, Xkvssa tlmhm N:þ]r-Ynho Iem-´-co£w Iem, Zyux Iem kap{Zx Iem, Gj ssh tkmay, NXp-jvIex ]mtZm {_ÒtWm f´hm³ \ma-þ3
AÃtbm kuaym, \n\¡v {_Ò-¯nsâ ]mZs¯ Rm³ ]d-ªp-X-cs« Aán ]d-ªp. `K-h³ F\n¡p ]d-ªp-X¶mepw F¶v kXy-Im-a³ D¯cw ]d-ªp. Ah\v Aán-]d-ªp-sIm-Sp-¯p. ]rYnhn Hcp Ie-bm-Ip-¶p. A´co£w Hcp Ie-bm-Ip-¶p. tZymhv Hcp Ie-bm-Ip-¶p. kap{Zw Hcp Ie-bm-Ip-¶p. AÃtbm kuaym, \mep Ie-I-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb {_Ò-¯nsâ Cu ]mZw A\-´-hm³ F¶p t]cp-ÅXmIp-¶p.

{_ÒWx tkmay! tX ]mZw {_hmWo Xn; {_ho-Xpta `K-hm-\nXn; Xkvssa tlmhmN:þ Aánx Iem, kqÀ¿x Iem N{µx Iem hnZyp-XvIem; Gj ssh tkmay, NXp-jvIex ]mtZm {_ÒtWm tPymXn-jvam³ \ma.
AÃtbm kuaym, \n\¡p {_Ò- ¯nsâ ]mZs¯ Rm³ ]dªp Xc- s«. F¶p lwkw tNmZn-¨p. `K-hm³ F\n¡p ]dªp X¶mepw F¶p kXy-Im-a³ D¯cw ]d-ªp. Ah\p lwkw ]dªp sImSp-¯p. Aán Hcp Ie-bm-Ip¶p. kqcy³ Hcp Ie-bm-Ip-¶p. N{µ³ Hcp Ie-bm-Ip-¶p. hnZyp¯v Hcp Ie-bm-Ip-¶p. kuaym, Cu \mep-I-e-ItfmSp IqSnb {_Ò-¯nsâ ]mZw tPymXn-jvam³ F¶p t]cp-ÅXm-Ip-¶p.

k b GX-tahw hnZzmw-Ý-Xp-jvIew ]mZw {_ÒtWm f\´-hm-\n-Xyp-]mkvtX f\´ hm\-kvan³ temtI `hXy \´-htXm ltem Im³ Pb-Xnb GX-tahw hnZzmw-Ý-Xp-jvIew ]mZw {_ÒtWm f\´-hm- \n-X yp-] m- kvtX.
C{]-Imcw Adnªv \mep-I-e-I-tfmSp IqSnb Cu {_Ò]m-Z-¯nsâ A\-´Xzw F¶ Kpa-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-Xmbn Bcv D]m-kn-¡p-¶p-thm Ah³ Cu temI-¯n k´m-\-hn-tÑZ-an-Ãm-¯-h\m-bn-¯o-cpw. C{]-Im-c-a-dn-ªp-sIm­v \mep-Ie- I-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb Cu {_Ò- ¯nsâ ]mZw A\- ´- hm³ F¶p Nn´n¨v Bcp D]m-kn-¡p-¶pthm Ah³ £b-an-Ãm¯ temI-§Ä {]m]n-¡pw.

k b Ghw hnZzmw-Ý-Xp-jvIew ]mZw {_ÒtWm tPymXn-jvam-\ n-Xyp-]mkvtX tPymXn-jvam-\-kvan³ temtI `hXn tPymXnjvatXm l temIm³ PbXn b GX-tahw hnZzmw-Ý-Xp-jvIew ]mZw {_ÒtWm tPymXn-jvam-\ n-Xyp-]mkvtX
C§ns\ Adnªv Cu \mep-I-e-I-tfmSp IqSnb {_Ò¯nsâ ]mZw tPymXn-jvam³ F¶p-h¨v Bcv D]m-kn-¡p¶pthm Ah³ Cu temI-¯n Zo]vXnbpÅh-\m-bn-¯ocpw. CXv Adnªv Cu \mep Ie-Isf tPymXn-jam³ F¶pv h¨v Bcp-]m-kn-¡p-¶pthm Ah³ tPymXn-ÊpÅ temI§Ä {]m]n-¡pw.

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228

I F«mw JÞw
aZv Kptã ]mZw htàXn; kl tizm`qtX Km A`n-{]-Øm-]bmw NIm-c, Xm b{Xm`n kmbw _`qhp kvX{Xmán ap]-k-am-[mb Km D]-cp[ym; kan-[-am-[mb, ]Ým-Ztáx {]m§p t]m]-hn-th-i .
ImcWw \n\¡v {_Ò-¯nsâ Hcp ]mZs¯ ]d-ªpXcpw F¶p ]d-ªp-sIm­v lwkw hnc-an-¨p. Ah³ ]ntä¶p ]ip-¡-fp-ambn \S-¶p. B ]ip-¡Ä kÔy-bm-bt¸mÄ FhnStbm AhnsS Xo Iq«n ]ip-¡sf XSp¯v Hcpan-¨m-¡n. kan-Zm-[m\w sNbvXv Aán-bpsS ]Sn-ªm-dp-`mK¯v Ing-t¡m-«p-ap-J-ambn Ccp-¶p.

H³]Xmw JÞw

K

{]mhlm ffNmÀ¿-Ipew Xam-NmÀt¿m f`yphm Z; kXy-Imam3 CXn `Kh CXnl {]Xn-ip-{imh
kXy-Im-a³ {_Ò-hn-Úm\w t\Sn BNm-cy-Ip-es¯ {]m]n-¨p. BNm-cy³ kXy-Im-ammm F¶p hnfn-¨p. `K-hmt\ F¶p kXy-Im-a³ hnfn-tI-«p.

{_Ò hnZnh tkmay `mkn, tIm\p Xzm f\p iim-tk-Xn, At\y a\p-tjy`y CXn l {]Xn-PtÚ; `Khmw kvtXhta Imta {_pbmÂ.
AÃtbm kuaym, \o {_Ò-hn-¯n-s\-t¸mse tim`n-¡p¶p. \ns¶ BcmWv A\p-im-kn-¨-Xv. BNm-cy³ tNmZn¨p: a\p-jy-cn \n¶v A\y-cm-bn-«p-Å-h-cm-W.v kXy-Im-a³ {]XnÚ-sN-bvXp. `K-hm³ Xs¶ F\n¡v CÝ-bp-ÅXv Ct¸mÄ ]d-ªp-X-c-Ww.

Xw aZv Kpcp ]\n-]-Xym-`yp-hmZ kXy Ima3 CXn `Kh CXn.
\oÀt¡mgn (Im- c- Ww) ASp- ¡Â h¶v kXy- Im- a- t\m-Smbn "kXy-Im-ammm' F¶p hnfn-¨p. "`K-hmt\' F¶v Ah³ hnfntI-«p.

{_ÒWx tkmay, tX ]mZw {_hm WoXn, {_ho-Xpta `K-h-\n-Xn, Xkvssa tlmhmN:þ {]mWx Iem N{ipx Iem, t{im{Xw Iem a\x Iem, Gj ssh tkmay NXp-jvIex ]mtZm {_ÒW Bb X\-hm³ \ma.
AÃtbm tkmay \n\¡p Rm³ {_Ò- ¯nsâ Hcp ]mZw ]d-ªp-X-c-t«tbm Imc-Ww tNmZn-¨p. `K-hm³ F\n¡p ]dªp-X-¶mepw. kXy-Im-a³ D¯cw ]d-ªp. Ah-t\mSp ImcWw ]d-ªp. {]mW³ Hcp Ie-bm-Ip-¶p. N£pÊv Hcp Ie-bm-Ip-¶p. t{im{Xw Hcp Ie-bm-Ip-¶p. a\Êv Hcp Iebm-Ip-¶p. AÃtbm tkmaym, \mep Ie-J-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb Cu {_Ò-¯nsâ ]mZw Bb X\- hm³ F¶p t]cp-Å- Xm- Ip-¶p.

{ipXw tlyhta `K-hZv Zrti`y B NmÀ¿m-ss²h hnZym hnZnXm km[nãw {]m]Xo Xn. Xkvssa-sslX tZthm hmNm{X l\ InwN\ hnbm tbXn, ]nbm-tb-Xn.
`K-hm-s\-t¸m-epÅ Bfp-Ifn \n¶v Rm³ tI«n-«p­v; hnZy BNm-cy-\nÂ\n¶v Xs¶ Adn-b-s¸-«mse km[p-X-aXzs¯ {]m]n- ¡-bp-Åp. kXy-Im- a\v tZh-X-IÄ ]d-ªp-sImSp¯ hnZy-sb-¯s¶ BNm-cy³ ]dªp sImSp-¯p. bmsXm¶pw hn«p-t]m-bn-Ã.

]¯mw JÞw
D]-tIm-ktem lssh Ima-em-b\x kXy Imta Pm_mte {_Ò-NÀ¿-ap-hmk; Xky l ZzmZ-i-hÀjm-Wy-áo³ ]cn-NNmc; k lkvam-\y-\t´ hmkn\x kam-hÀ¯bw kvXnwl ssh\ kam-hÀ¯-b-Xn.
Ia-esâ ]p{X-\mb D]-tIm-k-e³ P_m-ebpsS ]p{X\mb kXy-Im-asâ ASp-¡Â {_Ò-N-cy-t¯msS ]mÀ¯p. ]{´- ­p-hÀjw Ahsâ Aán-Isf ]cn-N-cn-¨p. Ah³ aäpin-jy-·msc kzm[ymbw {Kln-¨p-Xn-cn-¨-b-¨n«pw D]-tIm-kes\ kam-hÀ¯n- ¸n-¨n-Ã.

k b GX-tahw hnZzmw-Ý-Xp-jvIew ]mZw {_ÒW Bb X\-hm\n Xyp]mkvtX Bb X\-hm-\-kvan³ temtI `hXn; Bb X\-htXm ltem-Im-³ Pb-Xn, b GX tahw hZzmw ÝXp-jvIew ]mZw {_Ò W Bb X\ hm\n-Xyp-]m-kvtX.
C§ns\ a\-Ên-em¡n \mep Ie-I-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb Cu {_Ò- ]mZw Bb X\- hm³ F¶p- h¨v Bcv D]m- kn- ¡p- ¶pthm Ah³ Cu temI-¯n Bb-X-\-ap-Åh\m-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. - C{]-Im-c-a-dnªv \mep-I-e-I-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb Cu {_Ò-¯nsâ ]mZs¯ Bb-X-\-hm³ F¶ph¨v BÀ D]m-kn-¡p-¶pthm Ah³ [mcmfw CS-apÅ temI-§sf {]m]n-¡p-¶p.

Xw Ptbm hmNm:þ X]vtXm {_Ò-Nmcn Ipi-ea-án³ ]cn-Nm-co³ amXzmf ábx ]cn-t{]m-N³; {]{_q-lykvam CXn Xkvssalm t{]m ssNyh {]hmkmw Nt{I.

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B BNm-cy-t\mSv `mcy ]d-ªp. Cu {_Ò-Nmcn hfsc t¢in¨v th­-hn-[-¯n Aán-Isf ]cn-N-cn-¨p. A§v Aán-Isf \nµn-¡-cp-Xv. Cu {_Ò-Nm-cn¡v hnZy ]dªp sImSp-¡q. F¶v `mcy ]d-ªn«pw BNm-cy³ B injy\v H¶pw ]d-ªp-sIm-Sp-¡msX XoÀ°m-S-\-¯n\p t]mbn.

Gj BZntXy ]pcptjm Zriy-tX, tkm flakvXn k Ghm l akvan; CXn

K

k l hym[n\m \inXpw Zt{[; Xam-NmÀ¿ Pmtbm hmN: {_Ò Nmcn-¶m-im-\, Inw \p \miv\m-koXn ktlm-hmN þ _lp h Cta fkvan³ ]pcp-tj-Im-am-\m-\mXy bmx hym[n`nx {]Xn-]qÀt®m-kvan, \m injyman CXn.
B {_Ò-Nmcn at\mZpxJw \nan¯w A\-i\w A\pjvTn-¡p-¶-Xn\v \nÝ-bn-¨p. Ah-t\mSv BNm-cysâ `mcy ]dªp: AÃtbm {_Ò-N m-c o, `£Ww Ign-¡q. \o F´mWv `£Ww Ign-¡m-¯Xv? AXn\v B {_Ò- Nmcn ]dªp. Cu ]pcp-j-\n CÑ-IÄ hf-sc-b-[nIw D­v. AXv ]e hgn¡p IS¶p-t]m-hp¶ hym[n-I-fm-bn-¯oÀ¶n-cn-¡p¶p. hym[n-I-fm Rm³ {]Xn-]qÀ®-\m-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. Rm³ `£Ww Ign-¡-bn-Ã.

]ns¶ Cu D]-tIm-k-es\ KmÀl-]Xy Aán A\p-imkn-¨p. ]rYn-hn, Aán, A¶w BZn-Xy³ F¶nh Fsâ X\p-¡-fm-Ip-¶p. BZn-Xy-\n GXp ]pcp-js\ BtWm ImWp-¶Xv B ]pcp-j³ Rm³ BIp-¶p. Rm³ Ah³ Xs¶-bm-Ip-¶p.

k b GX-tahw hnZzm-\p-]mkvtX f]l tX ]mh-IrXymw temIo `h-Xn, kÀh ambp-tc-Xn, tPymKv Poh-Xn, \mkym-hc ]pcp-jmx £obt´; D] hbw Xw `q RvPmtam fkvanwÝ temtI apjvanw Ýb GXta hw hnZzm-\p-]m-kvtX.
Cu KmÀl-]-Xym- ánsb Bcp D]m-kn-¡p- ¶pthm Ah³ ]m]-IÀ½-§- Ä \in-¸n-¡p- ¶p. temI-ap- Å-h- \m-bn-¯o-cp- ¶p. apgp-h³ Bbp-Ênt\ {]m]n-¡p- ¶p. DPz-e-ambn Pohn-¡p-¶p. Chsâ ]n¡m-e-ap-Å -h À £bn-¡ -b n-à . Cu temI¯nepw ]c-tem-I-¯nepw Ahs\ R§Ä ]men-¡p-¶p. C{]-Imcw Adn-ªp-sIm­v Cu KmÀl-]-Xym-ánsb Bcp D]m-kn-¡p-¶pthm Ah\v Cu ^ew kn²n-¡pw.

AY ^m ábx kap-Zntc:þ X]vtXm {_Ò Nmcn Ipiew \x ]À¿-Nm-co-Xv, l´mkvssa {]{_-hm-taXn, Xkvssa tlmNpx:þ {]mtWm {_ÒIw Jw{_Ò CXn.
Aán-IÄ Hcp-an¨p tNÀ¶p Ah-t\mSp ]dªp:þ {_ÒNmcn X]vX-\m-bn«v \½sf th­-hn-[-¯n ]cn-N-cn-¨p. Ct¸mÄ Ah\v \mw th­Xp ]d-ªp-sIm-Sp-¡-Ww. B {_Ò- Nm-cn¡v Aán-IÄ ]d-ªp-sIm-Sp-¯p. {]mW³ {_Òam-Ip-¶p. Iw{_-Ò-am-Ip-¶p. Jw {_Ò-am-Ip-¶p.

]{´­mw JÞw
AY ssl\-a-\zm-lmcy NNt\m f\pi-imk:þ Bt]m-Zntim \£-{Xm-Wn, N{µam CXn; b Gj N{µ-akn ]pcptjm ZriytX tkm la-kvan, k Ghm la-kvaoXn
A\-´cw Chs\ Z£n- Wmán A\p-im-kn-¨p. A¸p-IÄ, Zn¡p-IÄ, \£-{X-§Ä, N{µ³ F¶n-§s\ F\n¡p \mep ico-c-§Ä D­v. N{µ- a- Ên GXp ]pcp- j- s\- bmtWm ImWp¶Xv Ah³ Rm\m-Ip-¶p. Rm³ Ah³ Xs¶- bm-Ip-¶p.

k tlm hmN:þ hnPm-\m-aylw bXv {]mtWm {_Ò, Iw, NXpJw N\ hn Pm\m-ao-Xn, tXtlmNpx:þ bZzm-h-Iw, XtZh Jw btZ-h-Iw, XtZ-h-I-an-Xn, {]mWw N lmkvssa XZm-Imiw tNmNpx
D]-tIm-k-e³ ]dªp {]mW³ {_Ò-am-Ip¶p F¶Xv GXmtWm AXp Rm³ Adn-bp-¶p. F¶m I t¯bpw J t¯bpw Rm³ Adn-bp-¶n-Ã. Aán-IÄ ]dªp Iw F¶p ]d-ªXv GtXm AXv Xs¶ Jw F¶p ]d-bp-¶p. Jw GXmtWm AXp-Xs¶ Iw F¶p ]d-bp-¶p. Ch¶v {]mW-t\-bpw, {]mWsâ lrZ-bm-Im-i-t¯bpw ]dªp sImSp-¯p.

k b Gh-taXw hnZzm-\p-]kvtX f]ltX ]m]-Ir-Xymw, temIo-`-h-Xn, kÀh-am-bp-tc-Xn, tPymKvPo-hXn; \mkym-h-c-]p-cpjmx £o bt´; D]-hbw Xw `qPmtam/kvanw Ý temtI/ apjvanw Ý b GX-tahw hnZzm \phmkvtX
(C-Xnsâ hymJym\w ]Xn-s\m¶mw JÞ-¯nsâ Ahkm-\-¯n- ep-Å-Xp-X-s¶- bm-W.v )

]Xn- s \m¶mw JÞw
AY ssl\w KmÀl-]tXym f\piim k:þ ]rYnhy án c¶ amZnXy CXn; b

]Xn-aq¶mw JÞw
AY ssl\ aml-h-\o-tbm-f\p-i-imk:þ {]mW BImtim ZyuÀhn-Zyp-ZnXn; b

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Gj hnZypXn ]pcptjm ZriytX tkm flakvan; k Ghml akvaoXn
A\-´cw Al-h -\ o-b³ Ahs\ A\p-im-k n¨p:þ {]mW³, BIm-iw, tZymhv, hnZyp¯v F¶n-§s\ \mep X\p¡Ä F\n¡p­v. hnZyp-¯n GXp ]pcp-j³ ImW-s¸Spt¶m B ]pcp-j³ Rm\m-Ip-¶p.

CZ-anXn l {]Xn-PtÚ temIm³ hmh-Ine tkmaytX fthmN³; Alw Xp tXX-Zzm-£yman bYm ]pjvIc]emi Bt]m-\-¥n-jy´ Gh tahw hnZn ]m]w IÀ½-\-¥n-jytX CXn {_ho-Xpta `Kh \nXn Xkvssa tlmhm-N.

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k b GX-tahw hnZzm\p ]mkvtX f]ltX ]m]-IrXymw temIo-`-hXn kÀh-am-bp-tc-Xn, tPymKv PohXn; \mkym-h-c-]p-cpjmx £ob t´, D]-hbw `qRvPmtam fkva nwÝ temtI/ apjvanw Ý b GX-tahw hnZzm \p]kvtX
(C-Xnsâ hymJym-\hpw ]Xn-s\m¶mw JÞ-¯nsâ Ah-km- \-¯n-ep-Å-Xm-W.v )

injy³ C§s\ F¶p ]dªp: AÃtbm kuaym, AhÀ temI-§sf am{X-amWv ]d- ªp- X-¶Xv F¶m Rm³ \n\¡v {_Ò-s¯- ¸än ]d-ªp-X-cmw. GXp-{]-Imcw Xma-c-bne-bn Pew ]äp-¶n-Ã-tbm, A{]-Imcw {_Òs¯ Rm³ ]d-bm³ t]mIp-¶-Xp-t]mse Adn-bp-¶-h-\n ]m]-IÀ½w ]äp-I-bn-Ã. BNm-cy³ ]dªp: `K-h³ F\n¡p ]dªp X¶mepw injy³ ]d-ªp. Ah\v BNm-cy³ ]dªp sImSp-¯p.

]Xn-\©mw JÞw
b Gtjm f£nWn ]pcptjm Zriy-X, Gj Btß-Xntlm hmssN-X-Z-ar-X-`-b-taX Z {_tÒXn; XZy-Zy-]y-kvan³ k¸nÀtÆm-ZIw hm kn©Xn hÀß\o Gh KÑ-Xn.
I®o I®n GXp ]pcp-j-\mtWm ImW-s¸-Sp-¶Xv B ]pcp-j³ Bßm-hm-Ip¶p F¶p ]d-ªp-sIm-Sp-¯p. Rm³ ]dª Cu Bß-XXzw \in-¡m-¯Xpw `b-an-Ãm-¯Xp-am-Ip-¶p. CXv {_Ò-am-Ip-¶p. ]pcpjsâ Øm\-amb Cu A£n-bn kÀ¸n-t\-tbm, DZ-I-t¯tbm tkN\w sN¿q. Ch Ca-I-sf-¯s¶ Kan-¡p-¶p. ]pcp-jsâ \nc-RvP-\Xzw hÀ®n-¡p-¶p.

]Xn-¶ memw JÞw
tX tlm Npcp] tImk-sse-jm-skuaytX kvaZzn-Zymff-ß-hn-ZymNm ffNmÀ¿ kvXptX KXnwh tàXn BP-Km-alm ffNmcy-kvXam-NmÀt¿m fZyphm-tZm-]tIm ke3 CXn.
B Aán-IÄ ]dªp: AÃtbm kuay-\mb D]-tImke CXm \n\¡v R§-fpsS hnZybpw Aß-hn-Zybpw ]dªp-X-¶n-cn-¡p-¶p. BNmcy-\m-Is« \n\¡p KXnsb ]dªp-X-cpw. Chsâ BNm-cy³ h¶p. Ahs\ BNm-cy³ D]-tIm-kew F¶p hnfn-¨p.

`Kh CXn-l. {]Xn-iq-{imh {_Ò-hnZ Ch-tkym-ay, tX apJw-`mXn; tIm\p-Xzmf\p iimk CXn. tIm\p-am-a-\p-in-jymZvt`m CXn-lm-t]h \nÓp-tX. Cta \q\-an-Zrim A\ym-Zrim CXn-lm-áo-\-`yptZ Inw\p tkmay InetX fthmN ¶Xn.

GXw kw bZzma CXym N£-tX, GXw ln kÀhmWn hmam-\y-`n-kw-b´n; kÀhmtWy \w hmam-\y`n kwb-´nb Ghw thZ
Cu ]pcp-js\ kwb-Zzm-a³ F¶p ]d-bp-¶p. Fs´¶m tim`-\-am-bn-«p-Å-h-sbÃmw Cu ]pcp-js\ A`n-kwK-an-¡p-¶p. C§s\ Bcv Adn-bp-¶pthm Ahs\ tim`-\§-fm-bn-«p-Å-h-sbÃmw A`n-kw-K-an- ¡p-¶p.

`K-hmt\ F¶v D]-tIm-ke³ hnfn-tI-«p. AÃtbm kuay \nsâ apJw {_Ò-¯nsâ F¶-t]mse hnf-§p-¶p. \ns¶ Bcp A\p-im-kn-¨p. BNm-cy³ tNmZn-¨p. AÃtbm Cu ]pcp-j³ Xt¶ hma-\o-bam-Ip-¶p. Fs´-¶m O`- K-hms\ Bcm-Wv Fs¶ A\p-iw- kn- ¡p- ¶Xv F¶v BIp- Ch³ FÃm hma-§- tfbpw \bn- ¡p- ¶p. C{]- Imcw Bcp Adn¶-Xp-t]mse D]-tIm-k-e³ ]d-ªp. apt¼ thsd hn[-¯n- bp-¶pthm Ah³ hma-§-fm-bn-«p-Å-sXÃmw \bn-¡p-¶p. en-cp-¶-hcpw Ct¸mÄ Cu hn[-¯n-en-cn-¡p-¶-hcp-amb Cu Gj D Gh `man\o tcj ln kÀthjp Aán-IÄ Xs¶ Fs¶ D]-tZ-in-¨p. Ah³ Aán-Isf temtIjp `mXn. kÀthjp temtIjp `mXn Nq­n-¸-d-ªp. AÃtbm kuaym, \n\¡v F´mWv AhÀ b Ghw thZ ]d-ªp-X-¶Xv? BNm-cy³ tNmZn-¨p.

Gj D Gh hma-\o-tcj kÀhmWn hmam\n \bXn; kÀhmWn hmam\n \bXn b Ghw thZ

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Ch³ Xs¶ `man- \n- bm- Ip- ¶p.Fs´- ¶m Ch³ FÃm temI§fnepw tim`n-¡p-¶p. C{]-Imcw Bcp Adn-bp-¶pthm, Ah³ FÃm temI-§-fnepw hnf-§p-¶p.

\yXcmw; kb t{Xm ]mIrtX {]mX-c\p hmtI ]pcm-]-cn-[m-\o-bmb {_Òm hyh-h-Z-Xn, A\y-X -cm-tah hÀ¯\nw kwkvI-tcmXn lobtX f\yXcm

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AY bZp ssNhm-kvan³ ihyw IpÀ´n, bZn-N\m, À¨j tahmZn kw`-h-´n, A À¨ntjm flm, cÓ B ]qÀ¿-am-W-]£ am]qÀ¿ amW-]-£m-Zym³ jkp-c-t§Xn amwkmw kvXm³, amtk`yx kwh-Õ-cw, kwh-Õcm ZmZn-Xy, amZn-Xym-¨{µ-a-kw, N{µ-atkm hnZyp-Xw, XXv ]pcptjmf am\hx k G\m³ {_Ò-K-a-bXn; Gj tZh ]tYm {_l ]Yx, GtX\ {]Xn ]Zy-am\m Caw am\-h-am-hÀ¯w \mff hÀ¯-t´-\ff hÀ¯t´
Chsâ hnj-b¯n ii-hIÀ½w sN¿p-s¶-¦nepw sN¿p-¶n-sÃ-¦nepw AÀ¨n-c-`n-am-\n-bmb tZh-sX-tb-¯s¶ {]m]n-¡p-¶p. AÀ¨-Ên \n¶v Al-c-`n-am-\n-bmb tZh-Xtb-bpw Al-ÊnÂ\n¶v ip¢-]£- tZ-h-X-tbbpw ip¢-]-£tZ-h-X-bn \n¶v D¯-cm-bW tZh-X-tbbpw B amk-§fn \n¶v kwh-Õ-c-tZ-h-X-tbbpw kwh-Õ-c-¯n \n¶v BZn-Xy-t\bpw BZn-Xy-\nÂ\n¶v N{µ-a-Ên-t\bpw N{µ-aÊn \n¶v hnZyp-¯n-t\bpw {]m]n-¡p-¶p. AhnsS a\p-jy\- Ãm¯ ]pcp-j³ hcp- ¶p. Ah³ Chsc {_Òs¯ {]m]n¸n-¡p-¶p. CXv tZh ]Yhpw {_Ò-]-Yhpw BIp-¶ p. CXnÂIqSn t]mIp-¶-hÀ Cu a\p-hnsâ krãn-cq-]amb BhÀ¯s¯ BhÀ¯n-¡p-¶n- Ã. BhÀ¯-sa-¶p-]-d-bp¶Xv P\-\-a-c-W-§-fpsS XpSÀ¨-bm-Ip¶ N{I-¯nÂs¸«p Id-§p-¶-Xn-s\-bm-W.v

B c­p hÀ¯- \n-I-fn H¶ns\ {_Ò-sa¶p ]d-bp¶ EXzn¡v a\- Êp- sIm­v kwkvI- cn- ¡p- ¶p. asäm- ¶ns\ tlmXmhpw, A[zÀ¿-hpw, DZvKm-Xmhpw hm¡p-sIm­v kwkvI-cn¡p-¶p. Fhn-sS, ikv{Xw Bcw- `n-¨n-cn-¡p-t¼mÄ ]cn- [m-\ob F¶p ]d-bp¶ E¡n-\,v ap¼v B {_Òmhv au\s¯ Dt]£n-¡p-¶p-thm, AhnsS H¶ns\ am{Xsa kwkvIcn-¡p-Ibp-Åp. asäm¶v \ã-s¸-Sp-¶p.

k b ssY Iw]m-Zv{h-P³, ctYmssh tI\ Nt{IW hÀ¯-amt\m cnjytXy ha kybtÚm cnjyXn; bÚw cnjy´w bP-amt\m/\pcn-jyXn; k Cãzm ]m]o-bm³ `hXn
GXp {]Im-c-amtWm Hcp ]mZ-t¯mSp IqSn-b-h³ hgnt]m-Ip-t¼mÄ \in-¡p-¶Xv AÃ-¦n Hä-¨{Iw sIm­v hÀ¯n-¡p¶ cYw k©-cn-¡p-t¼mÄ \in-¡p-¶Xv A{]Imcw Cu bP-am\sâ B bÚw \in-¡p-¶p. \in-¡p¶ bÚs¯ bP-am-\³ A\p-\in-¡p-¶p. B bP-am-\³ bmKw sNbvXv IqSp-X ]m]-ap-Å-h\m-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. -

AY bt{Xm-]m-IrtX {]mX-c\p-hmtI \ ]pcm ]cn-[m-\o-bmbm {_Òm-hy-h-hZ XyptZ Gh hÀ¯\o kwkvI-Àh´o \lo btX f\yXcm
FhnsS {]mX-c-\p-hmIw Bcw-`n-¨-Xnsâ tijw, ]cn-[m\o-b-X¡p ap³]v {_Òmhv au\s¯ Dt]-£n-¡p-¶n-Ãtbm AhnsS c­p hÀ¯-\n-I-tfbpw kwkvI-cn-¡p-¶p. c­n H¶pw \jvS-s¸-Sp-¶n-Ã.

]Xn-\ mdmw JÞw
Gj l ssh btÚm tbm fbw ]h-tX, Gj lb-¶nZw kÀhw ]p\m-Xn, btZ j b¶n-Zw, kÀhw ]p\m-Xn, XkvamtZ j Gh-b-Ú, kvXky a\Ý hmIv N hÀ¯-\o.
GsXmcp hmbp-hmtWm ip²o-Icn-¡p-¶Xv A§-s\bpÅ hmbp bÚ-am-sW¶p {]kn-²-am-Ip-¶p. Cu hmbp Kan-¨p-sIm­v Cu PK-¯n- s\-sbÃmw ip²-am-¡p-¶p. Cu hmbp k©-cn-¨p-sIm­v Cu PK-¯ns\ FÃmw ip²-am¡p¶p F¶p-ÅtXtXm AXp-sIm-­p-Xs¶ Cu hmbp bÚ-am-Ip-¶p. B bÚ-¯nsâ amÀ¤-§Ä a\Êpw hm¡p-am-Ip- ¶p.

k btYm-`b ]mZv{h-P³, ctYm-t]mZm `ymw N{Im`ymw hÀ¯-am\x {]Xn-XnjvT tXy ha-ky-bÚx {]Xn-Xn-ãXn; bÚw {]Xn-Xn-ã´w bP-amt\m f\p{]-XnXn jvTXn; k Cãzm-t{i-bm³ `hXn
F{]-Imcw c­p Imep-I-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb ]pcp-j³ hgn-t]mIp-t¼mÄ \in-¡m-Xn-cn-¡pt¶m AsÃ-¦n c­p N{I-§sf-sIm­v hÀ¯n-¡p¶ cYw \in-¡m-Xn-cn-¡pt¶m A{]Imcw Cub-P-am- \sâ B bÚw \in-¡m-Xn-cn-¡p-¶p. {]XnãnXn sN¿p¶ bÚs¯ bP-am-\³ A\p-{h-Xn-ãnXn sN¿p¶p B bP-am-\³ bmKw sNbvXv t{ijvT-\m-bn-¯ocp-¶p.

Xtbm-cky Xcmw þ a\km kwkvI-tcmXn {_Òm hmNm-tlmX f[À¿-cp-Zv KmXmf

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{]Pm-]-XnÀtÃm-Im-\-` y-X-] Xv; tXjmw X]y-am-\m\mw ckm³ {]mhr-lXv; A ánw ]rYn-hy, hmbp-a-´-co-£m, ZmZnXy Znhx

I-fpsS HmP-Êp-sIm-­pw, bPq-Êp-I-fpsS bÚ-¯nsâ £X-cq-]-amb hntÑZw Iq«n-t¨À¯p icn-bm-¡p-¶p.

K

{]Pm- ]Xn temI-§sf A`n-X- ]n- ¸n- ¨p. X]n-¡- s¸- Sp¶ B temI- §-fpsS ck-§sf FSp¯p ]rYn-hn-bn \n¶v Aántbbpw A´-co-£-¯n \n¶v hmbp-hn-t\-bpw, tZymhn kma-§Ä \nan¯w bÚw £Xw {]m]n-¡p-Ibm-sW\n¶v BZn-Xy-t\bpw þþ ¦n kzxkzmlm F¶v Bl-h-\o- b- \n tlman-¡-Ww. AXv kma-§-epsS Xs¶ ckw-sIm-­pw, kma-§-fpsS hocywk GXm-kvXnt{km tZhXm A`y-X]Xv; sIm­pw kma-§sf kw_- Ôn¨ bÚ-¯nsâ £X-cq-]Xm kmw X]y-am-\m\mw ckm³ {]m amb hntÑZw kÔm\w sN¿p-¶p.

AY bZn kmatXm cnjyXv kzx kzmtl Xym lh-\otb Pqlp-bmXv; kmav\m ta hX-{Z-tk-\, kmav\mw hoÀt¿W kmav\mw bÚky hncnãw kµ-[m-Xn.

hrlXv; Btá XrtNm-hm-tbmÀ¿-Pqw-jn, kmam-\ ym-Zn-X ym-X v.

{]Pm-]Xn Cu aq¶p tZh-X-Isf A`n-X-]n-¸n-¨p. X]n-¡s¸-Sp¶ Ah-cpsS kmc-§sf D²-cn-¨p. Aán-bn \n¶v E¡p-Isfbpw hmbp-hnÂ\n¶v bPq-Êp-I-sfbpw BZn-Xy\n \n¶v kma-§-sfbpw þþ

k GXmw {Xbnw hnZym-a-`y-X]-Xv, Xkym kvX]y-am-\mbm ckm-³ {]mhr-lXv, {`cnXy `rKvt`ym, `qh-cn-Xnb PqÀ`yx kzcnXn kzcnXn kma`yx
{]Pm-]Xn Cu {Xbo-hn-Zysb A`n-X- ]n-¸n-¨p. X]n-¡-s¸Sp¶ AXnsâ ck-§sf D²-cn-¨p. E¡p-I-fn \n¶v `qx F¶pw bPq-Êp-I-fn \n¶v `qh F¶pw kma-§-fn \n¶v kzx F¶p {Kln-¨p. AXn-\m Ch temI-§-fp-tSbpw tZh·m-c p-tS-b pw, thZ-§ -fp-tSbpw cmk-§ -fmb alm-hymlrXnIfm- Ip-¶ p.

XZyYm eh-tW\ kphÀ®w kµ-[ym-Xv, kphÀt®\ cP-Xw, cP-tX\ {X]p{X ]p-Wm-ko-kw, kotk\ temlw, temtl \ Zmcp, Zmcp NÀ½-Ww, Gh-tajmw temIm \mamkmw tZhXm \ma-kymkv{X ¿m hnZymbm hoÀt¿W bÚky hncn ãw kµ-[mXn, t`j-P-IrtXm l hm Gj btÚm bss{Xhw hnZv {_ Òm `h-Xn.
AXv F§ns\ F¶m s]m³Imcw apX-em-b£mcw sIm­v kzÀ®-t¯-bpw, kphÀ®-sIm­v shÅn-tb-bpw, cPXw sIm­v XI-c-t¯-bpw, XI-cw-sIm­v Cub-t¯-bpw, Cubw-sIm­v teml-t¯- bpw, temlw sIm­v XSn-tbbpw XpIÂsIm­v XSn- tbbpw kÔm\w sN¿p-¶-sX- §n-t\tbm A{]-Imcw Cu teml-§-fp-tSbpw Cu tZh-X-I-fp-tSbpw Cu {Xbo-hn-Zy-bp-tSbpw hoÀ¿w-sIm­v bÚ-¯nsâ £Xw kÔm\w sN¿p-¶p. GXp bÚ-¯n {_Òmhv C{]- Im-c-a- dn-bp-¶-h³ Bbn-cn-¡p-¶pthm Cu bÚw t`jP-¯m kwkvI-cn-¡- s¸-«-Xm-bn-Xo-cp-¶p.

XZy Zrtàm cntjy-Zv, `qx kzmtlXn KmÀl-]tXy Pqlp-bmXv; ENm-tah X{Z-tk\ À¨mw hoÀt¿W À¨mw bÚky hncnãw kwZ-[mXn
B bÚ- ¯n E¡p-IÄ \nan¯w bÚ- ¯n\p tISp hcn-I-bm- sW-¦n `qx kzmlm F¶v KmÀly- ]- Xy-\n tlman¡-Ww. AXv E¡p-I-fpsS Xs¶ ckw-sIm-­pw, E¡p-IfpsS hocyw-sIm­pw E¡p-IfpsS bÚ-¯nsâ £X-cq]-amb hntÑZw Iq«n-tNÀ¡p-¶p.

AY bZn bPq-tãm-cn-tjyZv `qhx kzm tlXn Z£n-Wmáu Pqlp-bmXv; bPqjm ta h X{Z-tk-\, bPqjmw hoÀt¿W bPqjmw bÚky hncnãw kµ-[m-Xn.
bPqÊp- IÄ \nan¯w bÚw £Xw {]m]n-¡p- I- bm-sW¦n `qhxkzmlm F¶pÅ a{´- ¯m Z£n-W-B-án- bn tlman-¡-Ww. AXv bPq-Êp-IfpsS ckw-sIm-­pw, bPq-Êp-

Gj l hm DZIv {]htWm btÚm bss{Xhw hnZv {_Òm `hXn; Ghw hnZw lhm Gjm {_lv-amW a\p-KmYm btXm bX BhÀ¯tX XXv XZv KÑXn; am\thm {_ssÒ-sshI EXznIv Ipcp-Xizm f`nc-£Xn G hw hn²ssh {_Òm bÚw bP am\w kÀÆmw-ÝÀ°ntPm f`nc-£Xn Xkvam-tZhw hnZ-tah {_ÒmWw IpÀho-X, \mt\hw hnZw.
GXp bÚ-¯n {_Òmhv C{]-Im-c-a-dn-bp-¶-h-\m-bncn-¡pt¶m B bÚw hS-t¡m«p Ncn-ª-Xm-Ip-¶p. C{]Im-c-a-dn-bp¶ {_Òm-hn-s\-¡p-dn¨v Cu A\p-Km-Y-{]-kn-²-am-

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I Ip¶p:þ FhnsS AhnsS sN¿p¶ Úm\-hm-\mb {_Òmhm-Ip¶ Htc EXznIv s]¬Ip-Xnc F¶-t]mse IÀ¯m¡sf A`n-c -£ n-¡p-¶ p. CX- dn-b p¶ {_Òmhv bÚt¯bpw bP-am-\-t\bpw FÃm EXzn-¡p-I-tfbpw A`n-c-£n¡p¶p. AXn-\m C§s\ Adn-bp-¶-hs\ {_Òm-hm-¡Ww. C{]-Imcw Adn-bm-¯-hs\ {_Òm-hm-¡-cp-Xv.

k¼-¯ns\ bmsXm- cp- ¯³ Adn- bp- ¶pthm Ah\v tZh kw_- Ôn-I-fpw, a\p-jy-kw-_-Ôn-I-fp-amb Ima-§Ä k¼¶-§-fm- Ipw. k¼- s¯¶p ]d-bp-¶Xv t{im{Xw Xs¶-bm- W.v

K

tbm l hm Bb-X\w thZm ffbX\w l kzm \mw `hXn; at\m lhm Bb-X-\w.
Bb-X-\s¯ Bcp Adn-bp-¶pthm Ah³ ÚmXn IÄ¡v B{i-b- am-bn-Xo- cp-¶p. Bb-X-\-sa- ¶Xv a\-Êm-Ip- ¶p.

A©m- a-²ymbw
H¶mw JÞw
kKpW {_Ò-hn-Zy-bpsS D¯-c-KXn CXp-hsc ]d-ªp. ]©m-án-hn-¯mb Krl-Ø-\pw, aäp-hn-Zy-Isf ioen-¡p¶ {i²m-ep-¡-fmb DuÀ²z-tc-X-Êp-IÄ¡pw, AtX KXn-sb¯s¶ A\p-h-Zn-¨p. tIhe [À½n-IÄ¡v Z£n-W-Zn-¡ns\ kw_-Ôn-¨-Xpw, [qam-Zn-e-£-W-hpw, ]p\-cm-hÀ¯n-cp-]hpamb thsd KXn-bpw, aq¶m-a- Xm-bn, sshcmKyw hcp-¶-Xn-¶mbn, hnZym-IÀ½- c-ln-X- ·mÀ¡v, AXn-s\-¡mÄ IjvS-X- c-amb kwkm- c- KXn ]d-bm-\mbn Bcw-`n-¡p- ¶p. {]mWx t{imjvtTm hmKm- Zn`yx {]mtWm hmh kw hÀ¤x XpS§n ]e-bn-S-§-fnepw Ignª A²ym- b- §- fn {]mW-s\-¸än ]d- ªn-«p- ­v. FÃmw Hcp- t]mse Hcp- an¨p tNÀ¶p {]hÀ¯n- ¨p- sIm- ­n- cn- ¡p- t¼mÄ, B {]mW³ hm¡p apX-em-b-hbpsS Iq«-¯n t{ijvT-\mIp-¶- sX- §ns\ F¶pw B {]mWs\ D]m-kn- t¡- ­Xv F§ns\-bm-W¶pw ImWn-¡p-¶-Xn- \,v B {]mWsâ t{ijvT-XzmZn KpW-§sf hn[n-¡-W-sa¶v ImWn-¡p-¶.p

AY l {]mW Alw t{ibkn hyqZntcf lw t{ibm\ kvaylw t{ibm-\-kvaoXn
]ns¶ {]mW-§Ä Rm³ t{ijvT-\m-I p-¶p. Rm³ t{ijvT- \m-Ip¶p Alw t{ib-Êns\ kw_-Ôn¨p hg¡p Iq«n.

tXl {]mWmx {]Pm-]Xnw ]nXc tatXymNpx:þ `K-h³ tIm \x t{i jvTx CXn Xm³ tlmhmN:þ bkvan³ h DÂ{Imt´ icocw ]m]n-jvT-Xc anh-Zr-tiyX k hx t{ijvTx CXn
B {]mW-§Ä ]nXm-hmb {]Pm-]-Xn-bpsS ASp-¡Â sN¶v tNmZn-¨p. `K-hm-t\, R§-fn t{ijvT³ BcmWv? Ah- tcmSv {]Pm-]Xn ]d- ªp. \n§- fpsS Iq«- ¯n Bcv icocw hn«p-t]m-hp-t¼mÄ icocw Gähpw ]m]n-jT- sa-¶-t]mse v ImW-s¸-Sp-tam, Ah³ \n§-fn t{ijvT- \m-Ip-¶p.

Hm, tbm l ssh tPyjvTw Nt{ijvTw N thZ, tPyjvTÝ l ssh t{ijvTÝ `hXn; {]mtWm-hmh tPyjvTÝ t{ijvTÝ.
tPyjvT-t\-bpw, t{ijvT-t\bpw Bcv Adn-bp-¶p-thm, Ah³ tPyjvT-\m-bpw, t{ijvT-\mbpw `hn-¡p-¶p. tPyjvT\pw, t{ijvT\pw {]mW³ Xs¶-bm-Wv.

tbm l ssh hknãw thZ, hkn jvtTm lkzm \mw `hXn hmKzmhhknjvTx
hkn-jvTs\, [\w DÅ-h-s\, Bcv Adn-bp-¶pthm Ah³ ÚmXn-IÄ¡v hkn-¸n-¡p-¶-h-\mbn `hn-¡p-¶p. hkn-jvT³ F¶p ]d-bp-¶Xv hm¡p-X-s¶- bm-hp-¶p.

kml hmKp-¨-{Ima; km kwh-Õcw t{]mjy ]Àt¿tXym hmN:þ IY aiI XÀt¯ aÖo-hnXp anXn. bYm Iem Ah-Z´x {]mW´x {]mtW-\, ]iy ´Ý-£p-jm-ir-Wz´x t{imt{X-W, [ymbt´m a\-sskh anXn. {]hnth i l hmIv
B hmIv icocw hn«p-t]m-bn, B hm¡v Hcp kwh-Õ-c¡mew {]kn-¨n«v Xncn-¨p-h¶v aäp {]mW-§-tfmSpw tNmZn¨p: Fs¶ IqSmsX Pohn-¡ p-¶-X n\v GXp {]Im-c -¯ n \n§Ä¡v Ign-ªp. aqI-·m-sc-t¸mse H¶pw ]d-bmsX {]mW-s\-s¡m­p {]mWn-¨pw, N£p-Êp-sIm­v I­pw, t{im{Xw sIm­p-tI-«pw, a\-Êp-sIm­v [ym\n-¨pw, C§s\ R§Ä Pohn-¨p. B {]mW-§Ä D¯cw ]d-ªp. hm¡v kz hym]m-c-¯n {]th-in-¨p.

tbm l ssh {]XnjvTmw thZ, {]Xn l XnjvT Xy kvanwÝ temtI fapjvanw Ý N£pÀhmI {]XnjvTm
{]Xn-jvTtb Bcp Adn-bp-¶p-thm, Ah³ Cu temI¯nepw ]c-tem-I-¯nepw {]Xn-jvTn-X-\m-Ip-¶p. {]XnjvT F¶p ]d-bp-¶Xv N£p-Êp-X-s¶.

N

tbm l ssh k¼Zw thZ kwlmþ kvssa Imamx ]Zyt´ ssZhmÝ am\p-jmÝ; t{im{Xw hmh k¼-Zv.

N£pÀtlm-¨-{Ima; XXv kwh-Õcw t{]mjy ]Àt¿-tXym-hmN:þ IY-a-iI XÀt¯ aÖo-hnXp anXn. bYm fÔm A]iy´x {]mW´x {]mtW-\, hZ t´m hmNm irWz´x t{imt{X-W,

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I

[ymbt´m a\ sskhanXn {]hn-thi lN£px
N£pÊv DÂ{Ian¨p AXv Hcp kwh-Õ-c-t¯¡v Xsâ hym]mcw hn«v \n¶n«v aS-§n-h¶p tNmZn¨p: GXp-hn[w F¶ IqSmsX Pohn-¡p-¶-Xn\v \n§Ä¡p Ignªp? AÔ·m-sc- t¸mse ImWmsX {]mW- s\- sIm­p {]mWn¨pw hm¡psIm­p hZn¨pw t{im{Xw-sIm­p {ihn-¨pw, a\-Êp-sIm­p [ym\n¨pw R§Ä Pohn-¨p. aäp {]mW- §Ä D¯cw ]d-ªp. N£pÊv kzhym-]m-c-¯n {]hÀ¯n- ¨p.

A\-´cw B {]mW³ DÂ{I-an-¡p-hm-\n-Ñn¨v GXp-{]Im-c-amtWm \à IpXnc Xsâ Imep-IÄ sI«n-bn-«pÅ IpänI-s f, Cf-¡n-¸n-gp-Xp-¶Xv A{]-Imcw aäp {]mW-§se ]ngpXp. B apJy- {]m- Wsâ ASp-¡Â sN¶v aäp-{]m-W-§Ä ]dªp: AÃtbm `K-hms\ R§-fpsS kzman-bm-bn-cn-¡q. A§v R§-fn t{ijvT- \m-Ip-¶p. Cu ico-c-¯n \n¶v hn«p-t]m-I-cp-Xv.

K

t{im{Xw tlm¨-{Ima XXv kwh-Õcw t{]mjy ]Àt¿-tXym-hmN:þ IYa iI XÀt¯-a-Öo-hn-Xp-a-Xn. bYm _[ncm Air-Wz´x {]mW´x {]mtW-\, hZt´m hmNm, ]iy´ Ý£p-jm, [ymbt´m a\-ssk-h-anXn {]hnth i l t{im{Xw.
t{im{Xw DXv{I-an-¨p. AXv Hcp kwh-Õ-c-¡m-e-t¯¡p Xsâ hym]m-c-¯n \n¶p ]n³amdn \n¶n«v aS-§n-h-¶p. aäp {]mW-§-tfmSp tNmZn¨p: Fs¶ IqSmsX Pohn-¡p-¶Xn\v F§ns\ \n§Ä¡p Ignªp? _[n-c-·m-sc-t¸mse tIÄ¡m- sX, {]mW-s\- s¡m­p {]mWn- ¨pw, hm¡p-sIm­p hZn-¨pw, N£p-Êp-sIm­p ZÀin¨pw a\-Êp-sIm­p [ym \n¨pw R§Ä Pohn-¨p. aäp {]mW-§Ä ]dªp: t{im{Xw kzhym-]m-c-¯n {]hÀ¯n-¨p.

AY ssl\w hmKp-hmN:þ bZlw hknjvtTm fkvan Xzw XZz-knjvtTmf koXn AY-ssl\w N£p-cp-hmNxþ bZlw {]XnjvTm fkvan, Xzw XXv {]Xn jvTmko-X n. AY ssl\w t{im{X-ap-hmN:þ bZlw kw]-Z-kvanXzw XXv kw] ZkoXn AY ssl\w a\ DhmNxþ bZ-l-amb X\-a-kvXn, Xzw XZmb X\- a-k o-Xn.
hm¡v Cu apJy-{]m-Wt\mSv ]dªp: Rm³ hkn-jTv \m-Ip¶p F¶Xv GtXm B hkn-jT³ \obm-Ip-¶p. A\v ´cw N£pÊv apJy-{]m-W-t\mSv ]dªp:þ Rm³ {]Xn-jTv bm- Ip¶tXtXm B {]XnjvT \obm- Ip- ¶p. A\-´cw t{im{Xw Cu apJy-{]m- W-t\mSv ]dªp: Rm³ GXp k¼-¯m-Ip-¶pthm, B k¼¯v \o BIp-¶p. a\Êv apJy-{]m-W-t\mSp ]dªp: Rm³ GXm-b-X-\-am-Ip-¶p-thm, B Bb-X\w \obm-Ip-¶p.

at\m tlm¨-{Ima; XXv kwh-Õcw t{]mjy-]Àt¿tXym hmN:þIY a iI XÀt¯ aÖo-hnXp anXn, bYm _me A a\kx {]mW´x {]mtW-\, hZ t´m hmNm, ]iy-´-Ý-£p-jm, irWz ´x t{imt{X-ssW-h-anXn {]hn-thi la\x
a\Êv DÂ{I-an-¨p. AXv Hcp kwh-Õ-c-¡m-e-t¯¡v {]h-kn-¨n«v aS-§n-h¶p tNmZn-¨p. Fs¶-¡q-SmsX Pohn-¡p¶- Xn\v F{]- Imcw \n§Ä¡p Ignªp? _me- ·m- sc- t¸mse a\-Ên\p Xtâ-S-an-Ãm-sX, {]mW-s\-s¡m­p {]mWn¨pw hm¡p-sIm­p hZn¨pw N£p-Êp-sIm­v ZÀin¨pw t{im{Xw sIm­v {ihn¨pw C§s\ R§Ä Pohn-¨p. aäpÅ {]mW§Ä ]dªp: a\Êv kzhym-]m-c-¯n {]hÀ¯n-¨p.

\ ssh hmtNm, \N-£qw-jn, \t{im {XmWn, \ a\mw þþ koXym N£tX; {]m Wm CtXyhm N£tX; {]mtWm tlyssh-Xm\n kÀhmWn `h-´n.
hm¡p-IÄ F¶p ]d-bp-¶nÃ; N£p-Êp-IÄ F¶p ]dbp-¶nÃ; t{im{X-§Ä F¶p ]d-bp-¶nÃ; a\-Êp-IÄ F¶p ]d- bp- ¶nÃ; {]mW-§Ä F¶p Xs¶ ]d- bp-¶p. Fs´- ¶m Cu hmKm-Zn-I-sfÃmw {]mW³ Xs¶- bm-Ip-¶p.

c­mw JÞw
ktlm-hmN Inwta f¶w `hn-jy-Xo-Xn-bXv In©n-Zn-Zam iz`y B iIp-\n`y CXntlm Npx, XZzm GX-Z\ kym¶, at\m-lssh \ma {]Xy£w \ l hm Ghw hnZn In©-\m-\¶w `h-XoXn
apJy-{]m- W³ tNmZn¨p: F\n¡v A¶w F´m- bn- cn¡pw? izm¡Ä apXÂ iIp-\n-IÄ hsc Cu temI-¯p-Å-sX-Ãmw.

AY l {]mW D¨n-{I-an-j³, k bYm kplbx ]Uzoi i¦q³ kwJntZ tZh-an-X-cm³ {]mWm³ ka-Jn-ZXv Xw lm`n-k-tatXym Npx:þ `K-h-t¶[n Xzw \x t{ijvtTm fkn tam {Ian-cn-Xn.

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I hmKm-Zn-IÄ D¯cw ]d-ªp. A§-s\-bpÅ CsXÃmw
{]mWsâ A¶-am-Ip-¶p. A\³ F¶p-ÅXv {]Xy-£-amb \ma-am-Ip-¶p. C{]-Imcw Adn- bp- ¶-h- \n bmsXm¶pw A¶a-Ãm-¯-Xmbn `hn-¡-bn-Ã.

ah \tbXv; Bb-X-\mb kztl-Xyám hmPyky lpXzm atÙ k¼m-X-a-h-\-tb-Xv.

K

ktlm-hmN:- Inw ta hmtkm `hnjy XoXn; B] CXn tlmNpx XkvamZzm GX-Z-in-jy´x ]pc-kvXmt¨m ]cnjvTm ¨m±nx ]cn-Z-[-Xn-e-av`qtIm l hmtkm `h-Xy-\tám `h-Xn.
{]mW³ ]nt¶bpw tNmZn¨p: F\n¡v hkv{Xw F´mbn-cn¡pw? A¸p-IÄ hmKmZnIÄ ]d-ªp. Ain-¡p-hm³ t]mIp-¶-hÀ t`mP-\-¯n\p ap³]n-epw, t`mP\w Ignªpw A¸p-I-sfsIm­v apJy-{]m-Ws\ DSp-¸n-¡p-¶p. C§s\ sN¿p-¶Xv A¸p-IÄ {]mWsâ hkv{X- am-b-Xp-sIm-­m-W.v a\-Êns\ e`n-¡p-¶-h-\m-bn `hn-¡pw. D¯-co-b-ap-Å-h-\mbn-¯ o-cpw.

hknjvTmb kzmlw F¶v Aán- bn BPys¯ tlman¨n«v kav]m-Xs¯ aÙ-¯n hogv¯-Ww. {]Xn-jTmssb v kzmlm F¶v Aán-bn BPys¯ tlman-¨n«v kav]mZs¯ aÙ- ¯n hogv¯- Ww. k¼mtZ kzmlm F¶v Aánbn BPys¯ tlman- ¨n«v k¼m-Zs¯ aÙ- ¯n hogv¯Ww. Bb-X-\mb kzmlm F¶v Aán-bn BPys¯ tlman-¨n«v k¼m-Zs¯ aÙ-¯n hogv¯-Ww.

AY {]Xn-kr-]ym-RvPeu aÙ-am-Zmb P]Xn:-þ Atam-\m-amkn; AamÀln tX kÀh-anZw; kln tPyjvTx t{i jvtTm cmP / [n]Xnx, kam-ssPy-jvTyw ss{ijvTyw cmPy-am-[n-]Xyw Ka-bXp; A ltath XXv kÀh-a-km-\n.
A\-´cw Aev]w AIse amdn sXmgp-s sI-b n aÙs¯ FSp¯p Xmtg-]dbp¶ a{´w P]n-¡Ww:þ \o - Aa³ F¶p t]cp-Åh\m-Ip-¶p. Fs´-¶m Cu PK- s¯Ãmw \nsâ IqsS-bm-Ip-¶p. {]mW-`5#q-X-amb aÙw tPyjvT\pw t{ijvT-\pw, Zo]vXn-am-\pw, A[n-jTnXn sNbvXp v ]men-¡p-¶-h\pw BIp-¶p. B aÙw Fsâ tPjvT-Xzt¯bpw t{ijvT-X- tbbpw cmPy-t¯bpw B[n-]-Xy- t¯bpw {]m]n-¡pw. Rm³ Xs¶ Cu PK-s¯- Ãm-ambn Xocpw.

Xss²-XXv kXy-Imtam Pm_mtem tKm{ip-Xtb sshbm {] ]Zymtbm tàzmhmN:þ bZyt]y XNv NvXp-jvImb ØmWth {_pbm-Öm-tb-ct¶ hmkvan RvimJmx, {]mtcm-tlbpx ]emim\oXn.
C§-s\-bpÅ Cu {]mW-ZÀi-\s¯ Pm_m-ebpsS ]p{X-\mb kXy-Im-a³ hym{L-]-¯nsâ ]p{X-\mb tKm{ipXn¡v ]dªp sImSp- ¯n«v ]d- ªp. CXns\ ipjvI-amb Ipän¡p-t]mepw ]d-ªp-sIm-Sp-¡p-Ibm-sW-¦nÀ, Cu ØmWphn imJ-IÄ D­m-hpw. Ce-IÄ apf-¡p-Ibpw sN¿pw.

AY Jtez XbÀ¨m ]Ñ BNm aXn XXv khn-XpÀhrWn al CXym Nm aXn; hbw tZhky t`mP-\-anXym NmaXn; t{ijvTw kÀh-[m-Xa-anXym NmaXn; Xpcw `Kky [oa-loXn kÀhw ]n_Xn, \nÀWnPy Iwkw Nakw hm ]Ým-Ztáx kwhn-iXn NÀ½Wn hØ-Þnte hm hm Nw bax A{] kmlx kb-Zn-{knbw ]tiyXv kar ²w IÀt½Xn hnZym-Xv.
A\- ´cw Xmtg ]d- bp¶ E¡p-sIm­v Htcm ]mZw hoXambn BN-an-¡-Ww. XXv khn-XpÀhr-Wo-atl F¶v BNan-¡Ww hbw tZhky t`mP\w F¶v BN-an-¡-Ww. t{ijvTw kÀh-[m-Xaw F¶v BN-an-¡Ww Xpcw-`-Kky [oaln F¶v apgp-h\pw ]m\w sN¿-Ww.

AY bZn alÖn Kan-tj, Zam-hmkym bmw Zo£nXzm ]uÀ®amkymw cm {Xu kÀhu j[ky aÙw Z[n-a-[pt\m cp]-a-Yy, tPyjvTmb t{ijvTmb kzm tlXy ámhm-Pyky lpXzm atÙ kw]m-X -a-h-\ -tb-Xv.
A\-´cw al-Xzs¯ Kan-¡p-hm³ CÑn-¡p-I-bm-sW¦n Idp-¯-hm-hp-¶mÄ Zo£n-¨n«v shfp-¯-hm-hp-¶mÄ cm{Xn-bn FÃm Huj-[¯n-tâbpw ]nãs¯ ssXcpw tX\pw Iq«n-b-Xn Ie-¡n-bn«v Aán-bn tPyjvTmb t{ijvTmb kzmlw F¶v BPys¯ tlman- ¨n«v kw]m- Zs¯ aÙ¯n hogv¯-Ww.

hkn-ãmb kzmtl-Xyám hmPyky lpXzm atÙ kw]mX ah-\-tbXv; {]Xn-jvTmssb kzmtl-Xyám hmPyky lpXz atÙ kav]m-X-a-h-\-tb-Xv, k¼tZ kzmtlXy ám hmPyky lpXzm atÙ k¼mX

BN-a-\-¯n-\pÅ E¡nsâ kzcq]w:þ XÕhn XpÀhr-Wo-atl hbw tZhky t`mP\w t{ijvTw kÀh[m Xaw Xpcw `Kky [oalo F¶m-Wv.

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R§Ä khn-Xm-hmb tZhsâ FÃm A¶- §- tf¡mfpw t{ijvThpw FÃm PK-¯n-t\bpw Gähpw [mcWw sN¿p¶p-Xw, FÃm P\-¯n-t\bpw AXn-i-tb\ hn[m\w sN¿p¶-Xp- amb B t`mP- \s¯ hcn- ¡p-¶p. khn- Xm-hmb tZhsâ kzcq-]s¯ thK-¯n R§Ä [ym\n-¡p-I-bm-W.v Iwkt¯tbm Na-k-t¯tbm Igp-In-bn«p Aán-bpsS ]Sn-ªmdp-hiw XpI-entem shdpw Xd-bntem hmNw ba-\m-bn«p Dd§-Ww. Ah³ A\n-ã-kz-]\-ZÀi\w sIm­pw Cf-ImsX v a\-Êp-d-¸n¨p kv{Xotb ImWp-I-bm-W-¦n (kz-]\-¯nÂ) v IÀ½w kar-²-am-W¶v Adn-ªp-sIm-Å-Ww.

th° bYm fkutemtIm \ kw]qÀ¿X CXn; \ `Kh CXn. th° bYm ] ©aym-am-lq-Xm-hm]x ]pcp-j-h-Ntkm `h-´oXn. ss\ `Kh CXn.

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XtZj tÇmIxþþ bZm IÀ½kp Imtay jpkv{Xnbw kz]vt\jp ]iy-Xn, kar ²nw X{X Pm\n-bmXv Xkvan³ kz]v\ \nZÀit\ Xkvan³ kz]v\-\n-ZÀit\
B AÀ°-¯n Xmsg-¸-d-bp¶ tÇmI-ap-­v. Ft¸mÄ Imay- §-fmb IÀ½§-fn kz]v\w ImWp-t¼mÄ kv{Xotb ImWp-¶pthm A§n- s\-bpÅ ]£w AhnsS IÀ½- §- fpsS ^e-{]m-]Xn-bp-s­¶p Adn-b-Ww. v

]c-temIw F´p-Im-c-W¯m \nd-bmsX Ccn-¡p-¶sX¶v \n\¡v Adn- bmtam? F¶v {]hm- l-W³ tNmZn-¨p. Adnªp-IqSm `K-hmt\ F¶p-¯-chpw ]d-ªp. GXp-{]-Imcw A©m-as¯ Blp-Xn-bnÂ, B lpXn km[-\- §-fmb A¸pIÄ ]pcp-j³ F¶pÅ hN-tÊmSp IqSn-b-h\mbn `hn-¡p¶-sX¶v \n\-¡-dn-bmtam? {]hm-l-W³ tNmZn-¨p. `K-hms\ Xosc Adn-ªp-IqSm tizX-tIXp ]dªp.

AY\p Ina\p intãm fthm NYx tbm loam\n \ hnZymXv IYw tkm f\p intãm {_qhnX? CXn. klmff bkvXx ]nXp-cÀ²-ta-bmb Xw tlmhm-Nþ A\-\p-injy hmham `K-hm\ {_ho-Z\p Xzm finjy-anXn
A\p- im-kn- ¡-s¸-«n-«p-s­¶v \o ]d-ª-sX-´mWv? Bcv Cu tNmZn¨ kwK-Xn-Isf Adn-bp-I-bn-Ãtbm Ah³ A\pim- kn-¡-s¸- «-hs\¶v F§ns\ ]dbpw? F¶p {]hm-l-W³ tNmZn-¨p. tizX-tIXp hfsc hnj-an¨v ]nXm-hnsâ Øm\¯n BK-an-¨p. ]nXm-hn-t\mSv ]d-ªp. A\p-im- kn-¡msX Xs¶ `K- hm³ Rm³ A\p- im-kn¨p Ign-ªn- cn- ¡p-¶p F¶v Ft¶mSv ]d- ªp.

aq¶mw JÞw
tizX-tI-XpÀlmfcptWbx ]©m-em\mw kanXo tabmb Xw l {]hm-ltWm ssPh-en-cp-hmNxþþ Ipam-cm-\pXzm injXv ]ntXXn A\p ln `Kh CXn.
Bcp-Wn-bpsS ]p{X-\mb tizX tIXp ]©m-e-§Ä F¶p ]d- bp¶ P\- ]- Z-§-fpsS kan-Xn-bn sN¶p. BtizX tIXp-hn-t\mSv Poh-esâ ]p{X- \mb {]hm-l-W³ ]dªp AÃtbm Ipam-cm, ]nXmhv \ns¶ A\p-im-kn-¨n-«p-­v. tizXtIXp D¯cw ]d-ªp.

th° bZntXm f[n {]Pmx {]b-´oXn \ `Kh CXn. th° bYm ]p\cm hÀ¯´ CXn. \ `Kh CXn. th° ]tYmÀt±-h-bm-\ky ]nXr-bm-Wkyp N hymhÀ¯-\-an-Xn. \ `Kh CXn.
{]P-IÄ Cu temI-¯n \n¶v apI-fn Ft§m«p Kan¡p-¶p-thm, AXp \n\¡v Adn-bmtam? {]hm-l-W³ tNmZn¨p. Adn-ªp-IqSm `K-hmt\ tizX-tIXp adp-]Sn ]d-ªp. F{]-Imcw Xncn-¨p-t]m-cp¶p F¶p \n\¡v Adn-bmtam? F¶p {]hm-l-W³ tNmZn- ¨p. AÃtbm `K-hm-t\, Adn-ªpIqSm F¶v tizX-tIXp D¯cw ]d-ªp. tZh-bm-\-¯n- tâbpw, ]nXr-bm-\¯n-tâbpw hgn-I-fpsS ]c-kv]c hntbm-KØm-\s¯ \n\¡v Adn-bmtam? F¶p ho­pw tNmZn-¨p. Adn-ªp-IqSm `K-hmt\ F¶p D¯cw ]d-ªp.

]©am cmPkr _Ôpx f{]iv\m\ {]m£o-Xv, tXjmw ss\Iw N\m-iIw hnh-àp-anXn; k tlmhmN:þ bYm am Xzw XssZ-Xm-\h tZm bYm fl tatXjmw ss\Iw N\-thZ; bZy lan-am\ t]Zn-jyw, IYw tX \mh£yanXn.
£{X-_Ôp Ft¶mSv A©p tNmZy-§Ä tNmZn-¨p. B tNmZy-§-fn H¶p-t]mepw hnti-jn¨p \nÀ®-bn-¡p-¶-Xn\v Rm³ ià-\m-bn-Ã. ]nXmhv ]d-ªp. \o h¶ DSs\ Ft¶mSv Cu {]iv\-§-sf-¸än F§ns\ ]d-ªpthm AXpt]mse Xs¶ Adn-ªp-sIm-Åq. Rm³ Cu {]iv\-§-fn H¶n-t\bpw Adn-bp-¶n-Ã. Rm³ Chsb Adn-ªn-cp¶p F¦n \n\¡v ]d-ªp-X-cm-Xn-cn-¡p-am-bn-cp-¶pthm?

k l KuXtam cmtÚm fÀ²ta-bmb; Xkvssa l {]m]vXm bmÀlmw NImc; k l {]mXx k`mK DtZ-bmb; Xw tlmhmN:þ am\p-jky `K-h³ KuXa hn¯ky hcw hrWnYm CXn. ktlmhm N:þ Xsshh cmP³! am\pjw hn¯w

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Wv. Ah¡p kam-[m-\hpw ]d-bp-¶p. A]qÀÆ-cq-]-§-fmb BMq-Xn-IÄ DÂ{I-an-¡p¶ bP-am-\s\, ]cn-th-jvT\w sNbvXv DÂ{I-an-¡p-¶p. bP-am-\³ [qam-Zn-bn IqSn A´co-£-¯n {]th-in- ¡p-t¼mÄ Ahs\ B{i-bn-¨n-cn-¡p¶ B KuX-a³, cmPm-hnsâ ASp¯p sN¶p. Xsâ Blq-Xn-Ifpw A´-co-£-¯n {]th-in-¡p-¶p. AhnsS ASp¡Â h¶ B KuX-as\ ]qPn-¨p. KuX-a³ cmhnse ØnXn-sN-¿p¶ bP-am-\-\v, kpJ-I-c-ambn Chbpw AhnsS cmP-k-`bn h¶-t¸mÄ At±-l-¯nsâ ASp-¡Â Ib-dn- ØnXn-sN-bvXp-sIm­v A´-co-£s¯ Bl-h\o-b-s\s¨¶p KuX-a-t\mSv cmPmhv ]d-ªp. AÃtbm ]qPy-\mb t¸mse B¡p- ¶p. Blq-Xn¡v A[n-I-c-W-am-bn- «p- ÅXv BlKuX-am, a\p-jy-kw-_-Ôn-bmb hn¯s¯ kw_-Ôn¨v h-\o-b-\m-Ip-¶p. AXv hmbp-hns\ kan-¯p-t]mse B¡pAt§¡v Cã-ap-ÅXp A§p hcn-¨p-sIm-Åp. KuX-a³ ]d- ¶p. hmbp-hn-s\-sIm­v A´-co£w Zo]n-¡p-¶p. aco-Nn-Iªp. AÃtbm cmPm-th, am\p-j-amb hn¯w At§¡p sf-¯s¶ ip²-amb Blp-Xn-bm-Ip¶ civan- IÄ, A´-coXs¶ Ccn- ¡- s«. Fsâ Ipam- csâ ASp- ¡Â GXp hm¡ns\ £- ¯n hym]vX-§-fm- WtÃm? A§ns\ A´-co-£- ¯n A§p ]d- ªp- thm, AXv F\n- ¡p ]dªp Xcq. B cmPmhv ØnXn-sN-bvXp-sIm-­v, AhnsS ØnXn-sN-¿p¶ bP-am-\ZpxJap-Å-h-\mbn `hn-¨p. s\, ^tem-·p-J-\m- ¡n- ¯oÀ¡p-¶p. ]ns¶ bP- am-\³, A´Xw l Nncw htk-Xym-Úm-]bmw NImc; co-£-¯n \n¶v, IqsS IqsS DÂ{I-an-¡p-t¼mÄ Ahbpw IqsS DÂ{I-an-¡p-¶p. bP-am-\³ Zyptem-I-¯n {]th-inXw tlmhmN; bYm-amXzw KuX-amh ¡p-t¼mÄ Ah Zyptem-I-¯n {]th-in-¡p-¶p. AhnsS tZm btY bw \ {]mIv Xz¯x ]pcm {]th-in¨v BZyp-tem- I-s¯- ¯s¶ Bl-h-\o-b-\m-¡n, BZnhnZym {_Ò-Wm³ KÑXn XkvamZp kÀth Xys\ kan-¯m¡n XoÀ¡p-¶p. ap³]v A´-co-£-¯n jp temtIjp £{X sskyh {]im-k\ ØnXn-sN-¿p¶ bP-am-\s\ XÀ¸Ww sN¿p¶p F¶p ]da`q-ZnXn Xkvssa tlmhmN ª-Xp-t]m-se, B Blq-Xn-IÄ Zyptem-I-¯n ØnXn-sNAh-t\mSv hfsc \mÄ Ahn- sS- ¯s¶ Xma- kn-¡q F¶v ¿p¶ bP-am-\t\bpw ^e-Zm\w sIm­v kpJn-¸n-¡p-¶p. A\-´cw B Blq-Xn-IÄ £bn¨p XpS-§p-Ibpw bP-amcmPmhv BÚm-]n-¨p. B KuX-a-t\mSv cmPmhp ]d-ªp. AÃtbm KuX-am, A§v Ft¶mSv GXp {]Im-c-¯n ]d- \³ Zyptem-I-¯n \n¶v ]rYn-hn-bn {]th-in-¡bpw ªpthm AXp ]d-bm-\p-­v. F{]-Imcw Cu hnZy, \n\¡p sN¿p-t¼mÄ Ahbpw A¸p-I-fm-bn-¯oÀ¶p. IqsS Xncn¨p ap³]v, {_mÒ-Wsc Kan-¨n-«n-Ã-tbm, A{]-Imcw temI-¯n t]mcp-¶p. ]ns¶ Ah ]rYn-hn-bn {]th-in¨v X§-fpsS {]kn-²-am-Ip-¶p. AXp-sIm­v ]­v FÃm temI-§-fnepw B{i- bs¯ {hoXn apX- em-b- h- tbmSp tNÀ¯v B{ib Zzmtc£{Xnb PmXn¡p am{Xsa injy-·msc Cu hnZy-sIm-­v, W, tcX-Êns\ \ntj-N\w sN¿p¶ ]pcp-j-\n {]th-inA\p-im-kn-¡pI F¶p-ÅXv D­m-bn-cp-¶pÅp F¶p ]d- ¡p-¶p. B ]pcp-j-\n \n¶v kv{Xobn {]th-in-¨,v KÀ`am-bn-¯oÀ¶v X§-fpsS B{i-b-s¯, IÀ½m-\p-jTm- \p-tbmv ªn«v KuX-a\v hnZysb D]-tZ-in-¨p-sIm-Sp-¯p. Ky-amb temI-¯n- se-¡p-b-cp-¶-h-\m-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. C§-s\sbÃmw P\-I³, ta¸- dª tNmZy-§Ä¡p-¯cw ]dªp. \memw JÞw F¶m AXn Aán tNm{Xm-lq-Xn-I-fpsS IÀ¿m-cw`w A©m-as¯ Blp-Xn-bn A¸p-IÄ¡p ]pcp-j³ am