The word Apartheid means separation. Apartheid was a form of living in South Africa.
It was the process of segregating different races. Not only did it separate the Afrikaans, and other tribes in South Africa, but it also separated the whites from the non-whites. Apartheid affected many people s lives in different parts of South Africa; this time was a very hard time for all racial groups. Apartheid was the political way of living in South Africa starting from 1948 to around 1998 in some parts of South Africa. Apartheid forced people into living other ways and made life difficult for all people. The laws of Apartheid demanded where a person could live, where they could work, instructed the people on what kind of education they could receive, and that certain people had to be in certain places at certain times. One way Apartheid mainly affected ordinary people was by making the financial provider of the family stay in farmland or rural settings, and not support his family properly. By making those people stay home, and by not enabling those people to get the proper jobs with the efficient amount of money needed to tend to a family, they lost much of what they owned, loved, and cherished. This, however, did not only affect Afrikaans but it also had the same affect on whites, non-whites, and other colored or tribal people. Apartheid, in South Africa, during the time period of 1948 to the end of Apartheid in 1998, affected many lives. In some way it taught a great lesson to all. Providing painful memories, Apartheid reminded those who were afflicted how great freedom is and how much of an opportunity we have now to flourish in all that we may do. This shows that even though many are oppressed, we can still overcome all that we would like to. Apartheid was completely abolished by the year of 1998, finally allowing everyone to be happy and free from all segregations, in all parts of South Africa. End to Apartheid
The period of apartheid, being the separation of people in a society, in South Africa was a long struggle filled with many trials and tribulations. After making a close assessment of Nelson Mandela's Long Walk to Freedom, it can be concluded that apartheid in South Africa ended when it did because of Zimbabwe's battle against white minority rule, the partial unification of the PAC and ANC, and also because of the general anxiety and insecurity of all the people in South Africa. The advancing battle against white minority rule served as fuel for the ANC's movement. "The ANC regarded the battle in Zimbabwe as an extension of [their] struggle at home." (Mandela, pp. 383) They saw the actions in other countries against white minority rule as motivation for them to begin to dispute apartheid in their own country. "In Namibia (then South-West Africa), SWAPO was making its first incursions in the Caprivi Strip: in Mozambique and Angola, the guerilla movement was growing and spreading. In Zimbabwe (then Rhodesia), the battle against white minority rule was advancing. Ian Smith's white government was bolstered by the South African Defense Force." These events all fostered South African ideas against apartheid and subsequently started them to looking for their own freedom.
Asians. Apartheid is an Afrikaans word meaning ³apart´ or ³separate. particularly the minorities.123HelpMe. the same result may not have occurred. dividing people up by color. compiled on top of the South African people's insecurity and anxiety reaching its pinnacle caused apartheid to end when it did. the first black democratically elected President of South Africa. pp. 384) By uniting the two organizations on the island. and discrimination against people of color was not only acceptable. and political power.asp?id=134092>. education. and were subject to different levels of pay. Whites and nonwhites held different jobs. 384) The final reason that apartheid ended when it did was because of the general population's anxiety and insecurity about the future under apartheid.´ and one of the first pieces of apartheid legislation was the Group Areas Act of 1950.The partial unification of the PAC and ANC was also a great contribution to the ending of apartheid. various races were separated into different regions. it was not until 1991 that the legal system of apartheid began to be broken down. the coincidence of each of these individual events led to the cumulative effect of an end to apartheid. If these events did not happen in the same time frame. pp. But. Although South Africa was heavily criticized for the system. which segregated living spaces. the ending of apartheid." (Mandela." (Mandela. both organizations were able to take "advantage of the benefits that resulted from negotiations. and South Africa continues to deal with the repercussions. Mandela set a precedent for uniting them in the liberation struggle as a whole. and Europeans was frowned upon.com. and in 1993 was thrown out altogether with the election of Nelson Mandela. the coinciding events of external countries fighting white minority rule." (Mandela. rather than confronted.
Apartheid was a system of legal racial separation which dominated the Republic of South Africa from 1948 until 1993. However. and fraternization between Africans of different tribes. The term is also used more generally around the world to refer to systemic racism which is tolerated. would be feeling anxious about the future and I wanted them to feel secure.com/view. 540) The only way to ease their anxiety was liberation." 123HelpMe. MLA Citation: "End to Apartheid. By doing this. 28 Feb 2011 <http://www. Apartheid paid no attention to former social or residential status. Mandela saw the imprisonment of members of both organizations as an opportunity to "patch up the long and often bitter differences between the PAC and the ANC. In addition to separating whites from nonwhites. and Indians. Coloureds. pp. apartheid also separated different races.
. concentrating whites in the cities and forcing people of color into rural areas or the urban fringes. jobs. In conclusion. but legally entrenched. the mechanisms of apartheid were set in place long before 1948. Under apartheid. and health care. Mandela showed his knowledge of the people's feelings when he stated: "I knew that many people. education. The ending of apartheid came when South African apprehension peaked. with whites having priority housing. the partial unification of the PAC and ANC in prison. lived in different regions. whites. On Robben Island. and the eventual unification of those organizations outside of the prison.
Africans lived in massive. and not released until 1990. Along the fringes of the cities. and mass civil disobedience to fight for equal rights. along with many others. The homelands were also established on land which was largely unusable. In 1993. The African National Congress was reformed in 1991. often separated from their families because only one family member could get a permit to live in the city. the African National Congress was banned. and given a suspended sentence. Mandela was imprisoned for life. serving through 1999. He spent time in and out of prison throughout the 1950s and became an attorney to help blacks who had been dispossessed under apartheid. Nelson Mandela. black South Africans were not allowed to participate in the government of South Africa. and Mandela was one of the founding members of Umkhonto we Sizwe. going on to take office as President of South Africa in 1994.
. after traveling out of the country to speak about the situation in South Africa and receive military training. as apartheid began to be dismantled. and were forced to carry passes and obey curfew laws if they wanted to travel outside of their homelands. terrible slums. most of them were shuffled into Bantustans. strikes. a group which worked to abolish apartheid. He joined right before the Second World War. he was tried in court for participating in the Campaign of Just Defiance. he won the Nobel Peace Prize in recognition for his efforts to end apartheid in South Africa. and were heavily reliant on South Africa for assistance. and Mandela was elected President of the organization.When nonwhites were pushed out of the urban areas.´ Because they were made citizens of the Bantustans. is a member of the African National Congress. In 1960. or ³African homelands. His membership was shortlived. in 1962. incorporating ethics of nonviolent resistance. and was part of a major push to make the African National Congress a national movement. a violent civil rights organization. however. In 1952.
Key Points Defining Apartheid y
Apartheid. social and political policy of racial segregation and discrimination enforced by
white minority governments in South Africa from 1948 to 1994