Education encompasses teaching and learning specific skills, and also something less tangible but more profound: the imparting of knowledge, positive judgment and well-developed wisdom. Education has as one of its fundamental aspects the imparting of culture from generation to generation (see socialization). Education means to draw out, facilitating realization of self-potential and latent talents of an individual. It is an application of pedagogy, a body of theoretical and applied research relating to teaching and learning and draws on many disciplines such as psychology, philosophy, computer science, linguistics, neuroscience, sociology and anthropology.Education is not a process of pouring in some knowledge in to an individual. It is a process of acquiring. It is a perfection from the perfection. Education is the manifestation of perfection already existing in man. The education of an individual human begins at birth and continues throughout life. (Some believe that education begins even before birth, as evidenced by some parents playing music or reading to the baby in the womb in the hope it will influence the childs development.) For some, the struggles and triumphs of daily life provide far more instruction than does formal schooling (thus Mark Twains admonition to "never let school interfere with your education"). Family members may have a profound educational effect often more profound than they realize though family teaching may function very informally. With dramatic increase in demand for professionals in almost all spheres and good quality education becoming an avenue to success, private coaching institutes have mushroomed across the country in

" said Sajjan Jindal. Even big corporate houses have entered the field to meet rising aspirations of youngsters.tutorials and coaching classes. Massive investments are supporting this demand that range from pre-primary to research level. education consultancies for various courses and study programmes. becoming an industry worth thousands of crores of rupees. There are many institutions and coaching centres that prepare students for taking SAT. distance education and online learning programmes. not just in their studies but in charting out their career plans as well. Parents are prepared to pay . "India has over 12 million students enrolled for higher education and the faculty for them is numbering less than 3. GRE and other examinations for studying abroad.5 lakh which is just not adequate.recent years. Competition has become severe and even the best of the students feel they need some professional help.000 crore per annum from nearly six lakh aspirants that appear for these exams. president of the Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM). reports from PTI bureaus across the country show. skills' training centres and career counselling services. Industry experts say coaching institutions imparting only engineering education to make ways for Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) in lead metropolis collectively earn an annual turnover of Rs 10. A whole new education industry has grown alongwith the formal education system -.

Coaching classes are popular because they are cheaper and more affordable than private tuitions. The industry is still in the nascent stage.According to Sraban Mukherjee. for it is yet to be tapped and understood properly. USA. engineering and management courses. the coaching industry is not even one per cent explored in India. . Several coaching centres cater purely to the demand for the highlycompetitive entrance exams. Hundreds of institutions and coaching centres in cities across the country prepare students for taking SAT. There are specialised coaching classes for the civil services and defence services exams too. not just talks about academic coaching or sports coaching or mentoring. who boasts to have handled major consultancyassignments and conducted more than 100 coaching hours in 2007 with eight clients. it is an ongoing relationship which focuses on people/organisations takingaction toward the realisation of their visions. for medical. The concept behind coaching.whatever necessary as they realise that it is an investment in their children's future. Tutorials and coaching classes for school students preparing for the Board exams have seen maximum growth in recent times.besides being a member of International Coaching Federation. GRE and other examinations for studying abroad. Training industry gains momentum: Coaching industry has started taking its roots in India. goals or desires while maximising theirperson and professional potential.

A few cities have become famous for such coaching centres and students. The recent leakage of papers of CAT and PMT are the manifestation of such a malady needing a thorough re-look at the whole process. the evolution of the `coaching industry' and the grind that students have to go through to stand a chance of getting a seat in top professional institutions are wreaking havoc on the country's educational system. Stakes are so high on these tests that they make or mar the career of students The artificial scarcity thus created enables vested interests to reap. untold miseryand even the criminalisation of the process. perhaps coaching classes for such tests. often with parents. perhaps unique to India. parents and administrators. says an academic in this two-part series. lodging and shopping facilities. shifting to those cities for two years. The multiplicity of such tests across the country is playing havocamong students leading to harassment. . A whole new flourishing service industry evolves.BUSINESS OF COCHING The multiplicity of entrance tests. cynicism. Entrance tests for admission to professional institutions have become very topical. important and controversial affecting the multitude of students. There are associated boarding. FLOURISHING INDUSTRY There are entrance tests for admission to popular centres. Rich dividends.

The thrill of teaching undergraduates at IITs is diminishing over the years. It is a win-win situation for both. . I have observed the same in my lecture classes in IIT. While coaching centres may help them to beat the paper their fundamentals are often found to be weak. 100 crores. LACK OF SYSTEM Why did we land up in such an extraordinary situation wherein the formal education has almost collapsed? Such a system hardly exists in any developed country. totally spent by parents. At a rough estimate of Rs. 25.It is alleged that some coaching centres have deals with some local private schools that admit their students and give mandatory attendance. at a price. Perhaps an aptitude test is in order. without attending classes. Many of them tend to be less interested even in their chosen field of engineering. it is the general feeling of IIT faculty that the students admitted to IITs in recent years and trained through coaching centres are less motivated in learning compared to those of earlier years. The students attend the coaching centres on a full-time basis and the private schools operate as dummies to provide `attendance' and conduct the board examination. the annual expenditure of an IIT is Rs. In fact. the annual cumulative turnover of the coaching industry is a staggering Rs. 1.000 crores.000per student per year with about 4 lakh students taking tuition. With this money we may start one new IIT each year! After all.

A prime reason often put forth for the sorry state is scarcity.000 seats. Stanford. Only one out of 100 is selected . A further revealing fact is that the number seats in our leading institutions are very small compared to similar institutes in developed countries such as MIT. Thus seats in premier technical institutions are around 10. and UMIST. hence this mad rush! A remedy is to increase quality seats and reduce scarcity. Students naturally prefer well-established quality institutions where seats are limited. Thus the average age of first year students have gone up. CUT THROAT COMPETITION Among the 2 lakh students taking JEE at least top 10 per cent or20. In many colleges there are unfilled branches. It seems China wants to have 100 IIT-like institutions! Why not India? .000 IIT seats. The lure of IIT is such that a large segment of students attempt the JEE more than once and recent data shows that more than 30 per cent of the selected candidates have succeeded in the second attempt.000 to which nearly 4lakh students aspire.200 colleges. For the nearly 2.The18 NITs put together may have about 7. Interestingly as per AICTE statistics nearly 3 lakh engineering seats are available in the country in about 1. 2 lakh students appear for JEE. This scarcity has created cutthroat competition. Caltech.000 deserve to be in IIT like institutes.Thus JEE is a rejection process and not a selection process.

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