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Difference between Mining Engineer, Geotechnical Engineer, Geological Engineer, and Engineering Geology?

I'm planning to study for Engineering Geology in The City College of New York. What's difference between them? Also, are their salary and job opportunities are lower than other Engineers? Thank you.

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1. Mining Engineers use their knowledge of geology, mining and instrumentation related to these disciplines to solve problems involved in the development and production of minerals. They prospect for mineral deposits; plan, design, reclaim, and operate mines; assist in processing and marketing minerals that are extracted; ensure safe and healthy working conditions. Mining engineers operate mines in a profitable, safe, and environmentally conscientious manner. Mining operations use mobile equipment that is larger than that found in any other industry. Mining methods and equipment can be applied to the removal of earth and rock outside the mining industry. 2. Geotechnical Engineers design foundations for such structures as high-rise buildings, bridges, and medium to large commercial buildings but also work on smaller structures where the soil conditions do not allow code-based design. The foundations built for above-ground structures include shallow foundations (footings), deep foundations (driven piles and drilled piers), and retaining walls. Geotechnical engineers also design structures built in or of soil or rock, including tunnels, embankments, levees, earth dams, channels, reservoirs, and hazardous waste and sanitary landfills. Geotechnical engineers also assess the risk to humans, property and the environment from natural hazards such as earthquakes, landslides, sinkholes, soil liquefaction, debris flows, and rock falls (all involving natural materials). Geotechnical engineering is also applicable to coastal and ocean engineering applications, such as construction of wharves, marinas, jetties, as well as foundation/anchor systems for offshore structures such as oil platforms. 3. Geological Engineers possess the ability and skills to identify and solve Earth related problems that enable them to perform a robust design of structures on soil and rock, to characterize and manage effectively the water resources, to ensure an efficient and safe construction at a site, to develop mitigation strategies against geologic hazards (e.g., landslides, earthquakes, etc.), while, at the same time, protecting the environment and societal interests. 4. An Engineering Geologist is someone who has studied geology and is now applying that education to assuring that natural geological factors are accounted for when planning for a new building or developed site. This is an important job, as it makes certain that the planned building will not have an overly negative impact on the surrounding area. At the same time, the engineering geologist also decides whether there are any geological concerns in the building area that may affect the structural soundness of the building itself.


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