# Question1: You have 20 blue balls and 14 red balls in a bag.

You put your hand in and remove 2 at a time. If they're of the same color, you add a blue ball to the bag. If they're of different colors, you add a red ball to the bag. What will be the color of the last ball left in the bag? note: when you take the two balls out, you don't put them back in, so the number of balls in the bag keeps decreasing Solution: There are 3 possible cases of removing the two balls... a) If we take off 1 RED and 1 BLUE, in fact we will take off 1 BLUE b)If we take off 2 RED, in fact we will take off 2 RED (and add 1 BLUE) c) If we take off 2 BLUE, in fact we will take off 1 BLUE So In case of (a) or (c), we are only removing one blue ball, but we always take off red balls two by two. If there are 14 (even) number of red balls, we can not have one single red ball left in the bag, so the last ball will be blue. Question 2: There are three ants on a triangle, one at each corner. At a given moment in time, they all set off for a different corner at random. What is the probability that they don't collide ? Solution: Let the three ants are a, b, c. There are two cases when they will not collide, the one is when they all move clockwise and the other is when they all move anticlockwise. They will collide if any two ants move towards each other, at the same time the third ant can move in clockwise or in anticlockwise. so for each pair there are 2 such cases. And there are 3 pairs possible (a,b), (b,c) and (c,a). So total 3*2 = 6 cases when they will collide. So probability that they will not collide is 2/(2+6) i.e. ¼ Question 3: We have 10 bags of 1 Rupee coins. One bag contains all the defective coins, the weight of each coin in that bag is 1 gram lesser than the weight of a normal 1 Rupee coin. You have a spring balance, which tells the exact weight. After how many minimum no. of weighs you can separate the bag with defective coins. The weight of a normal coin is known. Solution: The minimum no. of weighs required is one.Let the weight of a normal 1 Rupee coin is W. Now number the bags from 1 to 10 and take out the no. of coins equal to bag's number from each bag, for example from 1st bag, take one coin, from 5th bag take 5 coins and so on. Let P is the no. of the bag which contains the defective coins. Now put all the coins on spring balance and weigh them. Read the spring balance reading, say it is S grams. Then S = (W grams)*(1+2+3....+10) - P*(1 gram) P will come out to be a number between 1 to 10 and thats the required bag.

If jar 3 is grape. Hence jar 1 is grape. of measures required to separate the defective ball is three. First weigh : weigh 2 groups. one on each side. You also need to realize that it is the jar labeled p. then jar 2 must be mixed because it can't be grape (as its labeled) and it can't be peanut butter (that's jar 3).b. then you know jar 1 must be the mix because it can't be p. It is given that the minimum no. Question 6: You have 12 balls all look identical (in shape. Find the way you separate the defective ball. 45mins. How many jelly beans would you have to pull out and out of which jars. After half an hour. or grape jelly. color etc. You don't know that the defective one is heavier or lighter than other balls. Once you know that jar 3 is either peanut butter./grape jar will do the trick. If you choose a jelly bean out of there. He actually wants to measure 45 seconds. that is your best hope. Hence jar 2 is peanut butter.e. Question 5: guy has two wires of varying thickness. another grape jelly jelly beans and the third has a mix of both (not necessarily half-half mix). then you know the other jars also.b. Solution Divide the balls into 3 groups of 4 balls. All of them have same weight except one defective ball.). You can use a two sided balance system (not the electronic one). Therefore you know that the peanut butter jelly bean jar is not the peanut butter jelly bean jar and the same goes for the rest. (as its labeled) and it can't be grape (that's jar 3). labelled as the mix jar. It can't be the mix jar because i already said that every jar is mislabeled.Question 4: You have three jars that are all mislabeled. The trick here is to realize that every jar is mislabeled. / Grape Solution: Only one jelly bean from the p.. If it is peanut butter.b. then you will know whether that jar is peanut butter or grape jelly jelly beans. he will burn the other end of the second wire so now it will take 15 mins more to completely burn. (he can't cut the one wire in half because the wires are non-homogeneous and he can't be sure how long it will burn) solution He will burn the first wire at both the ends and the second wire at one end. . which each burns in 60 seconds. to find out how to fix the labels on the jars? Labels on jars are as follows Jar 1 : Peanut butter Jar 2 : Grape Jar 3 : P. the first one burns completely and at this point of time. How can he measure 45 seconds using only these two wires. One contains peanut butter jelly beans. so total time is 30+15 i./grape.b.

One of 1M in B has more weight than other 7 balls (iii) Both sides are balanced Third weigh : In cases (i) or (ii) we will get 3 balls (2L and 1M) after the second weigh. B3.). You can use a two sided balance system (not the electronic one). these two groups don't have the defective ball. The 2L in B has less weight.There will be two cases a) The weight on both side is equal i. The 1M in A has more weight 2. (i) If they are unequal then either B1 is defective or B2. All of them have same weight except one defective ball which is heavier than others. If B3 is equal to that then B4 is defective otherwise B3. One of 2L in A has less weight than other 7 balls 2. Second weigh : Take 2L and 1M in One side say A and take 2L and 1M in Other side say B of balance system. 2M are reserved for now. if they are equal then the 1M is heavier and if they are not then the ball with less weight is defective. For case (iii) of (b) : In this case one of the two reserved balls is defective. If B1 is equal to that then B2 is defective otherwise B1. We get 4L and 4M. We have 2M balls. B2 and weight them. Total measurements in this case : 1 (first weigh) + 1 (second weigh) + 1 (B3 with other ball) = 3 Case (b) : Mark the balls in the side with less weight as L and with more weight as M. B4. Find the minimum no. Second weigh : Take B1. color etc. (i) If side A is down and next side goes up then it has two possibilities. Compare B1 with one of eight balls. Total measurements in this case : 1 (first weigh) + 1 (second weigh) + 1 (B1 with other ball) = 3 (ii) If B1 and B2 are equal then either B3 is defective or B4. (ii) If side B is down then it also has two possibilities. e. b) One side has less weight than the other side. Total measurements in these cases : first weigh + second weigh + third weigh = 3 Question 7: You have 8 balls all look identical (in shape. Weigh them. You know 8 balls are of equal weight and one of the remaining 4 balls have a defective one. Name these four as B1. 1. . the one which is heavier is defectives. 1. B2. Compare B3 with one of eight balls. For case (i) and (ii)of (b) : Weigh two L balls with each other. of measures required to separate the defective ball and the way you separate it.

Divide 8 balls into groups of 3. Now take any two balls and weigh them.Solution you do it in 2 measurements. case (b) : We got the three balls of the side which is heavier. 3 and 2. case (a) : The group of 2 has the defective ball. . now there are two possibilities a) They are balanced (all 6 balls are of equal weight) b) One side is heavier then the other. Weigh them with one on each side of balancing machine. The side which has more weigh has the heavier/defective ball. First weigh : Weigh the two groups of 3 ball. for case (b)(i) : The third ball is heavier/defective than all other balls for case (b)(ii) : The heavier ball is defective. (ii) One is heavier than the other. then again there are two cases. (i) They both are of equal weight.