Sunday, February 20, 2011

TEMPERATURE SCALE
TOPIC 10 : TEMPERATURE

1

Prepared by Cg Edna Maria Hj Osman. E-mail: edna.maria.osman@gmail.com

The degree of how hot or cold a body is.

Definition

Kinetic Theory of Matter

A measure of the average kinetic energy of the molecules of the body.

Accurately measured by a THERMOMETER

Sunday, February 20, 2011

Prepared by Cg Edna Maria Hj Osman. E-mail: edna.maria.osman@gmail.com
2

TEMPERATURE

Instruments used to measure temperature.

Body

Food

Surroundings

Sunday, February 20, 2011

Prepared by Cg Edna Maria Hj Osman. E-mail: edna.maria.osman@gmail.com
3

THERMOMETERS

Sunday, February 20, 2011

LOOK AT ME CLOSELY !

WHAT AM I ?
4

Prepared by Cg Edna Maria Hj Osman. E-mail: edna.maria.osman@gmail.com

Use thermometric substances to measure temperature. Thermometric Substances Substances that have physical quantities that changes continuously with temperature.

Length Current

Volume E.m.f

Resistance Gas pressure Colour

Sunday, February 20, 2011

Prepared by Cg Edna Maria Hj Osman. E-mail: edna.maria.osman@gmail.com
5

THERMOMETERS

PICTURES OF VARIOUS TYPES OF THERMOMETERS!

Liquid-in-Glass Thermometer
Sunday, February 20, 2011

Thermocouple

Prepared by Cg Edna Maria Hj Osman. E-mail: edna.maria.osman@gmail.com
6

THERMOMETERS

PICTURES OF VARIOUS TYPES OF THERMOMETERS!

Gas-Filled Thermometer
Sunday, February 20, 2011

Resistance Thermometer

Prepared by Cg Edna Maria Hj Osman. E-mail: edna.maria.osman@gmail.com
7

THERMOMETERS

PICTURES OF VARIOUS TYPES OF THERMOMETERS!

Aquarium Thermometer

Mood Ring

Using Thermochromic Liquids
Sunday, February 20, 2011 8

Prepared by Cg Edna Maria Hj Osman. E-mail: edna.maria.osman@gmail.com

THERMOMETERS

Definition A range of numbers for measuring the level of hotness.

CENTIGRADE SCALE
COMMON TEMPERATURE SCALES

FARENHEIT SCALE KELVIN SCALE

Sunday, February 20, 2011

Prepared by Cg Edna Maria Hj Osman. E-mail: edna.maria.osman@gmail.com
9

TEMPERATURE SCALE

Definition A range of numbers for measuring the level of hotness. Choosing two suitable temperatures known as fixed points. Divide the range between the fixed points into a number of equal division.
Sunday, February 20, 2011

Determination of Temperature Scale

Prepared by Cg Edna Maria Hj Osman. E-mail: edna.maria.osman@gmail.com
10

TEMPERATURE SCALE

THE CENTIGRADE SCALE
ICE POINT TWO FIXED POINTS STEAM POINT Temperature of pure melting ice at 1 atm. Assigned a value of 0 degrees Celsius. Temperature of steam from boiling water at 1 atm. Assigned a value of 100 degrees Celsius.
Space between ice point and steam point is divided into 100 equal parts
Sunday, February 20, 2011 11

Prepared by Cg Edna Maria Hj Osman. E-mail: edna.maria.osman@gmail.com

Also known as the Celsius Scale

THE KELVIN SCALE
Based on Theory The lowest possible temperature that exists in the universe - the absolute zero.
Prepared by Cg Edna Maria Hj Osman. E-mail: edna.maria.osman@gmail.com
12

Also known as the Absolute Scale

Kelvin (K) SI unit of Temperature

The temperature at which all possible thermal energy has been transferred away from the body.

Sunday, February 20, 2011

Prepared by Cg Edna Maria Hj Osman. E-mail: edna.maria.osman@gmail.com
13

COMPARISON

Sunday, February 20, 2011

KELVIN-CELSIUS SCALE

Absolute Zero = 0 K = - 273 degrees Celsius
Kelvin to Celsius Temperature in Kelvin Temperature in Degree Celsius

+

273 273

Celsius to Kelvin

273 K = 0 degrees Celsius
Sunday, February 20, 2011 14

Prepared by Cg Edna Maria Hj Osman. E-mail: edna.maria.osman@gmail.com

KELVIN-CELSIUS CONVERSION

Convert these temperatures from Celsius to Kelvin

1. 825 0 C 2. 273 C
0 0 0 0

6. -23 7. -58

0 0

C C

3. 100 C 4. 73 5. 8 C C

8. -100 0 C 9. -245 C
0 0

10. -273 C

Sunday, February 20, 2011

Prepared by Cg Edna Maria Hj Osman. E-mail: edna.maria.osman@gmail.com
15

KELVIN-CELSIUS CONVERSION

Convert these temperatures from Kelvin to Celsius

1. 514 K 2. 428 K 3. 316 K 4. 273 K 5. 245 K

6. 167 K 7. 100 K 8. 73 K 9. 58 K 10. 24 K

Sunday, February 20, 2011

Prepared by Cg Edna Maria Hj Osman. E-mail: edna.maria.osman@gmail.com
16

KELVIN-CELSIUS CONVERSION

THE CENTIGRADE SCALE
ICE POINT TWO FIXED POINTS STEAM POINT Temperature of pure melting ice at 1 atm. Assigned a value of 0 degrees Celsius. Temperature of steam from boiling water at 1 atm. Assigned a value of 100 degrees Celsius.
Space between ice point and steam point is divided into 100 equal parts
Sunday, February 20, 2011 17

Prepared by Cg Edna Maria Hj Osman. E-mail: edna.maria.osman@gmail.com

Also known as the Celsius Scale

Know the length at Ice point

Know the length at Steam point

Find the length at Unknown temperature

Using the changes in LENGTH of liquid column to determine TEMPERATURE
Sunday, February 20, 2011 18

Prepared by Cg Edna Maria Hj Osman. E-mail: edna.maria.osman@gmail.com

USING PHYSICAL PROPERTY TO CALCULATE TEMPERATURE

Unknown temperature in

0

C

=

Length at Unknown temperature Length at Steam point

-

Length at Ice point Length at Ice point

X 100

Using DIRECT PROPORTION as the physical property is proportional to temperature
Sunday, February 20, 2011

Prepared by Cg Edna Maria Hj Osman. E-mail: edna.maria.osman@gmail.com
19

USING PHYSICAL PROPERTY TO CALCULATE TEMPERATURE

Unknown temperature in

X =X 0 C

Unknown temp

Steam point

-X X -

Ice point

Ice point

X 100

X

is the physical property which changes with temperature.

Sunday, February 20, 2011

Prepared by Cg Edna Maria Hj Osman. E-mail: edna.maria.osman@gmail.com
20

GENERAL EQUATION FOR THE CENTIGRADE SCALE

Unknown temperature in

0

C

=

Length at Unknown temperature Length at Steam point

-

Length at Ice point Length at Ice point

X 100

Using DIRECT PROPORTION as the physical property is proportional to temperature
Sunday, February 20, 2011

Prepared by Cg Edna Maria Hj Osman. E-mail: edna.maria.osman@gmail.com
21

USING PHYSICAL PROPERTY TO CALCULATE TEMPERATURE

Absolute Zero = 0 K = - 273 degrees Celsius
Kelvin to Celsius Temperature in Kelvin Temperature in Degree Celsius

+

273 273

Celsius to Kelvin

273 K = 0 degrees Celsius
Sunday, February 20, 2011 22

Prepared by Cg Edna Maria Hj Osman. E-mail: edna.maria.osman@gmail.com

KELVIN-CELSIUS CONVERSION

Unknown temperature in

X =X 0 C

Unknown temp

Steam point

-X X -

Ice point

Ice point

X 100

X

is the physical property which changes with temperature.

Sunday, February 20, 2011

Prepared by Cg Edna Maria Hj Osman. E-mail: edna.maria.osman@gmail.com
23

GENERAL EQUATION FOR THE CENTIGRADE SCALE

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