Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

115 views

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

- Emerson - Pressure Drop & Valve Sizing - 3-9008-550
- Second Order System
- DC Chopper
- BEL Previous Year Question Papers-Electronics
- EC-2006 isro solved paper
- General Knowledge question answer
- Jones Chopper
- Trim
- Review of Implementation of Internal Model Control
- EC-2007 ISRO solved paper
- DMRC
- 02-Second Order Systems
- Lecture 2 (Introduction)
- Dmrc Que Paper Electronics
- DMRC Junior Engineering Question Paper
- PID Control
- Chemical process control education and practice
- Pre and Post compensation
- 07 Witrant Springer
- Journal on Robust Design of PID Controller Using IMC Technique for Integrating Process Based on Maximum Sensitivity

You are on page 1of 3

c

To study the response of a process using Step input signal.

The time domain investigation of a control system involves

1. Transient response analysis and

2. Steady state analysis

These are used in the design of a feed back control system for a specified input signal. These

two analysis methods are used to study the characteristics of a system and to compare its

performance with another system.

For a closed loop system the transfer function C(s)/R(s) = G(s)/(1+G(s))

Time response of the system c(t) = L-1 [G(s) R(s) /(1+G(s))]

c(t) = Transient solution + Steady state solution

Transient solution gives the deviation of output from ideal input and the interval for which

the system remains in disturbed state. Transient response is analysed from t=0 to t=t1

corresponding to a specified state.

Steady state response is the behavior of the system for tÊ . The difference between the

steady state solution and the input gives steady state error (ess).

Test / input signals are used to excite the system for investigating and controlling the system

performance. The various test signals are:

c c: The step is a signal whose value changes from zero to another level in

negligible time. The functional representation of a step signal is given by

( ) = ( )

( ) = 1, > 0 --- (1)

= 0, < 0

where, (t)represents a unit step function.

Taking Laplace Transform of Eq (1), we obtain

(
) = £ [( )] = /
(2)

Transient response is normally described in terms of the unit step input. The specifications

used for transient performance analysis are:

Rise time (tr) ± For under damped systems, it is the time taken by the response to attain 0-

100% of the final steady state value.

Peak ti e (t ± it i t e ti e taken by t e response to reach the first maximum value.

Delay time (t ± it is the time taken by the response to attain 50% of the final value.

Settling time (ts) ± time taken by the response to damp out all transients. Theoretically this

time = . In practical cases assume tolerance band of 2% or 5% of the final value. Time

taken to attain this tolerance band is called ts.

Over shoot (Mp) ± it is the peak value measured from unity.

Steady state error (ess) ± it is the difference bet een the ideal and final value of the system

after the transient has expired.

Time constant (T) ± time taken by the response to attain 63.2% of the final value.

1 2 )

( / From this calculate å. Substitute in ts (2% tolerance) = 4/å n

This expression gives n. For a second order system the transfer function is of the form

2 2 2

n /(s +2å ns + n ). Now we could get back the transfer function of the system.

c c c

Do simulation using simulink for the second order system having å = 0.3 and n = 0 rad/s.

c

i. aenerate unit source as shown using simulink library blocks. [c c

c

The parameters to be entered are shown just below

each block so as to generate these signals.

2. Select all these and right click and click on create subsystem and name it unit source,

content of which is shown in the following diagram.

Î Aow create the second order system using from c

. Aow give the step input to this block and run the simulations for 10s and

plot the curve. From the plots observe the time domain specifications mentioned in

the Theory section. Also measure the steady state error and verify whether it matches

with theoretical value. From these time specifications synthesize the transfer function,

and check whether it is matching the actual transfer function.

Study the behavior of second order plant with different

values of kp. Minimize steady state erroe by adjusting kp. Aow replace kp with PI

controller and check steady state error. Aow replace it with PID controller and

observe the response. Paste the plots and inference in your observations.

Also observe the response of the closed loop system with ramp and impulse inputs. Study the

response with P, PI and PID controllers.

- Emerson - Pressure Drop & Valve Sizing - 3-9008-550Uploaded byThanh Van Le
- Second Order SystemUploaded bySaravanan Sukumaran
- DC ChopperUploaded byRINIELAMATHI
- BEL Previous Year Question Papers-ElectronicsUploaded byBiswajit Behera
- EC-2006 isro solved paperUploaded byRakesh Chahal
- General Knowledge question answerUploaded byManoj Singh
- Jones ChopperUploaded byShaunak De
- TrimUploaded byPratik134
- Review of Implementation of Internal Model ControlUploaded byannursi5
- EC-2007 ISRO solved paperUploaded byRakesh Chahal
- DMRCUploaded bykuldeep
- 02-Second Order SystemsUploaded byGuilherme Brolin Gato
- Lecture 2 (Introduction)Uploaded byBalajHassan
- Dmrc Que Paper ElectronicsUploaded bypankajkr32
- DMRC Junior Engineering Question PaperUploaded bySunil Kumar
- PID ControlUploaded bymanashbd
- Chemical process control education and practiceUploaded byAnonymous uCYIu1
- Pre and Post compensationUploaded byRitesh Singh
- 07 Witrant SpringerUploaded byRizaldy Pahlevi Bin Jamaluddin
- Journal on Robust Design of PID Controller Using IMC Technique for Integrating Process Based on Maximum SensitivityUploaded bynilu
- 43 MATH EneCostin,StoicaAdrianMihail,ParvuPetrisorValentinUploaded byTry Susanto
- ENS5253 Chapter-1 review questions_quiz-1.pdfUploaded byomairakhtar12345
- Tuning of PID Controllers for Boiler-turbine UnitsUploaded byAli Almisbah
- Get PDFUploaded byyathisha12
- Pid ToolboxUploaded byAnonymous WkbmWCa8M
- Train SystemUploaded byzemanesantos
- 59220842 Topic1 Control SystemUploaded bymailmado

- Gp IntroductionUploaded byJéssyca Bessa
- Artificial IntelligenceUploaded byDe' Lufias
- Mechatronics syllabus of SBMPUploaded by82865200
- Artificial Neural Network Based Automatic Number Plate Recognition SystemUploaded byEditor IJRITCC
- Assignment AI 2011Uploaded byCharan Jeet
- Understanding SIFT Algorithm and its usesUploaded byIJSTE
- Kaggle-Ensembling-Guide must read.pdfUploaded byNitish
- 2 - Decision TreeUploaded bybandaru_jahnavi
- Geocomputation and Urban PlanningUploaded byBeniamino Murgante
- chartierUploaded byImam Jabar
- Convolution CorrelationUploaded byAli Raza Khan
- AatUploaded bySudung Situmorang
- QuizUploaded bySalam Albaradie
- Rangkuman 2Uploaded byNelsonRumuy
- A Self Organizing Recurrent Neural NetworkUploaded byAdam Hansen
- Intelligent Control Hw 1_Israel.pdfUploaded byIsrael Ruiz
- Evidence for the Input HypothesisUploaded byDragica Zdraveska
- paper 17Uploaded byapi-282905843
- Title Mixed Reality EducationUploaded byJoseph Loaiza
- CJR SemiotikaUploaded bykartika
- WekaUploaded byMehdi
- Emotional Control of Inverted Pendulum System a Soft Switching From Imitative to Emotional LearningUploaded byBiswajit Debnath
- Lecture 2 MathUploaded bynikola001
- Machine learning courseraUploaded byLê Văn Tú
- Multi Layer Perceptron Neural NetworksUploaded bysubbuni
- 5323f09hwkUploaded byeidermutum
- Call for Papers Invitation ICAIITUploaded byAgung W. Setiawan
- Canny 09gr820Uploaded bylonggiahuy90
- Dmdw Course OutcomeUploaded byJyoti Goswami
- TOPIC 1.La lengua como comunicaciónUploaded byMarta Pérez Diez