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English Language Proficiency (ELP).

What is noun??

• A noun is the name of a person, place, thing, or idea. Whatever exists, we


assume, can be named, and that name is a noun.
• A proper noun, which names a specific person, place, or thing. For example ;
( Kuala Lumpur, Ali etc )
• Countable nouns and uncountable nouns.
• Nouns as adjective. Combining a nouns a form a new word that have different
new meaning. For example ; ( love story, tooth-brush, football ).

Nouns often confused.

1. In English class we are studying a ___ by Wordsworth.


A. poem
B. poetry

2. The man's ___ was large in the late afternoon sun.


A. shade
B. shadow

3. He jumped out of the window and landed on the ___.


A. ground
B. floor

4. We have a ___ in my country to exchanges gifts at Christmas time.


A. habit
B. custom

5. Ballads, lyrics and epics are some of the many different kinds of ___.
A. poem
B. poetry

1. Richard broke a ___ in his left foot.


A. toe
B. finger

What is pronoun??

Answer ; 1.A 2.B 3.A 4.B 5.B


6.A
• A pronoun can replace a noun or another pronoun.
• Pronoun is divides into several types, including the personal pronoun, the
demonstrative pronoun, the interrogative pronoun, the indefinite pronoun, the
relative pronoun, the reflexive pronoun, and the intensive pronoun.
• A subjective personal pronoun indicates that the pronoun is acting as the subject
of the sentence. The subjective personal pronouns are ; I, you, she, he, it, we,
you, they.
• For example ;
a) We will meet at the library at 3:30 p.m.
b) It is on the counter.
c) You are surely the strangest child I have ever met.
• An objective personal pronoun indicates that the pronoun is acting as an object of
a verb, compound verb, preposition, or infinitive phrase.
• The objective personal pronouns are : me, you, her, him, it, us, you, and them.
• For example ;
a) Deborah and Roberta will meet us at the newest café in the market.
b) Give the list to me.
c) Christopher was surprised to see her at the drag races.
• A possessive pronoun indicates that the pronoun is acting as a marker of
possession and defines who owns a particular object or person.
• The possessive personal pronouns are ; mine, yours, hers, his, its, ours, and
theirs. Note that possessive personal pronouns are very similar to possessive
adjectives like my, her, and their.
• For example ;
a) This is yours.
b) His is on the kitchen counter.
c) Theirs will be delivered tomorrow.
• A demonstrative pronoun points to and identifies a noun or a pronoun.
• This and these refer to things that are nearby either in space or in time, while,
that and those refer to things that are farther away in space or time.
• The demonstrative pronouns are this, that, these, and those. This and that are
used to refer to singular nouns or noun phrases and these and those are used to
refer to plural nouns and noun phrases.
• Note that the demonstrative pronouns are identical to demonstrative adjectives,
though, obviously, you use them differently. It is also important to note that that
can also be used as a relative pronoun.
• For example ;
a) This must not continue.
b) Three customers wanted these.
• An interrogative pronoun is used to ask questions. The interrogative pronouns are
who, whom, which, what and the compounds formed with the suffix ever
(whoever, whomever, whichever, and whatever).
• Note that either which or what can also be used as an interrogative adjective, and
that who, whom, or which can also be used as a relative pronoun.
• You will find who, whom, and occasionally which used to refer to people, and
which and what used to refer to things and to animals.
• Who acts as the subject of a verb, while whom acts as the object of a verb,
preposition, or a verbal.
• For example ;
a) Who wrote the novel Rockbound?
b) Whom do you think we should invite?
c) What did she say?
• An indefinite pronoun is a pronoun referring to an identifiable but not specified
person or thing. An indefinite pronoun conveys the idea of all, any, none, or some.
• The most common indefinite pronouns are all, another, any, anybody, anyone,
anything, each, everybody, everyone, everything, few, many, nobody, none, one,
several, some, somebody, and someone. Note that some indefinite pronouns can
also be used as indefinite adjectives.
• For example ;
a) Many were invited to the lunch but only twelve showed up.
b) We donated everything we found in the attic to the woman's shelter garage
sale.
• You can use a reflexive pronoun to refer back to the subject of the clause or
sentence.
• The reflexive pronouns are myself, yourself, herself, himself, itself, ourselves,
yourselves, and themselves. Note each of these can also act as an intensive
pronoun.
• For example ;
a) Richard usually remembered to send a copy of his e-mail to himself.
b) Although the landlord promised to paint the apartment, we ended up doing it
ourselves.
• An intensive pronoun is a pronoun used to emphasize its antecedent. Intensive
pronouns are identical in form to reflexive pronouns.
• For example ;
a) The Prime Minister himself said that he would lower taxes.
b) They themselves promised to come to the party even though they had a final
exam at the same time.
Exercise.

Possessive pronouns.

1. This book is (you) ________


2. The ball is (I) _______
3. The blue car is (we) _______
4. The ring is (she) _______
5. We met Paul and Jane last night. This house is (they) ________
6. The luggage is (he) ________
7. The pictures are (she) ________
8. In our garden is a bird. The nest is (it) ________
9. This cat is (we) _______
10.This was not my fault. It was (you) _______

Reflexive pronouns.
1. I did not want to believe it and then I saw the UFO ________
2. The girl looked at _________ in the mirror.
3. Freddy, you'll have to do your homework __________
myself

4. I introduced ________ to my new neighbor.


5. Boys, can you make your beds __________
herself

6. She made _________ a pullover.


himself

7. The father decided to repair the car _________