Table of Contents

Introduction...............................................................................2 Siemens.Industry,.Inc................................................................4 Electric.Power............................................................................5 . Residential.Applications. ......................................................... 0 Commercial.Applications.........................................................20 . Industrial.Applications. ............................................................37 Manufacturing.Applications.....................................................44 Discrete.Parts.Manufacturing..................................................46 Assembly.Processes...............................................................52 Batch.and.Continuous.Processes............................................65 Review.Answers...................................................................... 7 Final.Exam...............................................................................72 

Introduction

Welcome.to.another.course.in.the.STEP.series,.Siemens. Technical.Education.Program,.designed.to.help.our.distributors. and.customers.better.understand.Siemens.Industry,.Inc.. products..This.course.covers.Basics of Electrical Products.. Upon.completion.of.Basics of Electrical Products,.you.should. be.able.to: •. •. Explain.how.Siemens.products.are.used.in.basic. residential,.commercial,.and.industrial.applications Explain.the.similarities.and.differences.between.load. centers,.panelboards,.switchboards,.switchgear,.and. secondary.unit.substations Identify.various.Siemens.products.used.in.discrete. parts.manufacturing,.assembly,.batch.processing,.and. continuous.processing Identify.various.Siemens.products.by.trade.name

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This.knowledge.will.help.you.better.understand.product. applications..In.addition,.you.will.be.better.prepared.to.discuss. electrical.products.and.systems.with.others..You.should. complete.Basics of Electricity.before.attempting.Basics of Electrical Products..Once.you.have.completed.Basics of Electrical Products,.you.should.complete.or.review.any.of.the. other.STEP.courses.that.are.relevant.to.your.work..The.general. information.provided.in.Basics of Electrical Products.will. help.you.better.understand.the.specific.product.details.in.the. remaining.STEP.courses. After.you.have.completed.this.course,.if.you.wish.to.determine. how.well.you.have.retained.the.information.covered,.you.can. complete.a.final.exam.online.as.described.later.in.this.course..If. you.pass.the.exam,.you.will.be.given.the.opportunity.to.print.a. certificate.of.completion.from.your.computer.

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Siemens.is.a.trademark.of.Siemens.AG..Product.names. mentioned.may.be.trademarks.or.registered.trademarks.of.their. respective.companies..Specifications.subject.to.change.without. notice. National.Electrical.Code®.and.NEC®.are.registered.trademarks. of.the.National.Fire.Protection.Association,.Quincy,.MA.0269747.. NEMA®.is.a.registered.trademark.and.service.mark.of.the. National.Electrical.Manufacturers.Association,.Rosslyn,.VA. 22209. Underwriters.Laboratories.Inc.®.and.UL®.are.registered. trademarks.of.Underwriters.Laboratories.Inc.,.Northbrook,.IL. 60062-2096. Other.trademarks.are.the.property.of.their.respective.owners.

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a.automation.fits..and.number..and. how.parent.to.refer.the.structure.looks. distribution..to. Siemens...the.products.briefly. Inc.for.the. categories:.portion.voltage.utility.is.grown.focus..cover.voltage.broad.and.http://www.this.of.products.provide.in.business.companies.course. Siemens.in.Siemens AG.distribution.with.the.a..drives.to.of. Inc.of.understand.the.Siemens.is.SII.order...that.support.power. companies.and.at.Siemens. of.Siemens.better.objective.Siemens Industry.mind. become.United. industrial.and.employees..com/industry.fall.services.Healthcare.where.more.SII.in.energy.headquartered.three. Siemens.one.of.the.information.a.course.services.and.to. operates. applications.of.of. operating.leading. throughout.drives.services.this.accomplish.and.because.electrical.course.by.into. organizations. useful.business.AG.States.cluster.which. 4 .products.in.course.all.responsibility.Siemens Industry..are.company.the.69.total.and.generation. In.following.the.sales.is.Energy.and.this.only.motors. flow...and..the. Company Overview.products.. equipment..in.products. It.In.it. are.commercial.has.industrial.. (SII)..distribution.into..power.products.the. Industry.90. utility.and.SII’s.these.fit.Industry....channel.sector.most.you.of.products.this.worldwide.order.briefly.of.sector.Siemens.associated. electric.of..to.following.portfolio. and.Berlin.of.to.that.U.flow.from.help.each.over.a.founded.countries.of.discussed.discuss.is.industrial.beyond.products.transmission.the.offers.Munich.provides.in..sample.847 .largest.those.residential.on.automation.overview.Siemens..objective.has.high-level. initial.range..in.Energy.of.in. service.power.electronic.low.employees.SII.products.of.low.usa.S.U. For..company. this.is.our.companies.scope.AG.energy...SII.regional.in. Siemens.through.000.and..on.worldwide.in.our.sectors:.and.motors.including.Keep.Siemens.S..the...supplier.the. countries.and. The.partners.AG.is.In. the.many. siemens.sold.a.From.services.

power.into.to.drives..produce. to. both.For.by.Some.the.is. various..alternating current (AC) generator.gas.The.several. There..AC.of.an. converts.AC..into.rotated.residential..turbine.industrial.and..which. convert. 5 ..fuels.the..power.electrical.energy. Power Sources.is..commercial.It.used.turbines.operation.through.transmission.oil.energy..plant.substations.in.also. connected..turbines.steam.turn.turbine.gas..Electric Power Power.the.for.lines.water.is.the..and.and.which.distributed.are.generating.uranium.to.customers. generator.cycle.shaft.originating.and.sources.combined.at.example..a.steam.a. utilities.electrical.are.energy.coal.or.use.The.turbine..output.mechanical.is.generator..to...used.

.is.the.electric.is. constructed.discussed.rings..renewable. of.a.renewable.the.Hydroelectric Power.mechanical.one.other.of. for.purpose.brushes. field.type.theory..electrical.voltage.machines.to.can.through.plants.percentage.but.a. power.generated.the.means. 6 .operate.of.of.are. Hydroelectric.of...explanation.magnets.power..generators.a.loop.been.In.or.slip.a..source.technologies.a.electromagnetic.the.in.growing. Hydroelectric.so.far.the..an.An..electricity.generate. generation.around. AC Generators.rotate.of.by. conductors.of.. conductors.commercial.generator.magnets.field.days..the.. Newer Renewable Energy Sources.basic.wound.power.an.For.conductors.wind.use.shown.and.. Although.years.is. Most.use. some.magnetic.from. utilize.number.solar. Of.any.today.of.AC. water.into.when.to.only hydroelectric.loops.induction.generator.approaches.turn.the..energy.small.through..the.that.recent.falling.simplicity.on..moved.are.generators.which.This.generation.magnetic.using..power.armature.power.power.from.complex.a..load.is.earliest.is.simply.AC.generator. below.created.resistive.armature. of.power. induced.energy.or.has.. through.approaches.in..host.a.energy.be.

per.270°.on.second.just.losses.until.revolution. of.of.increase.Voltage.transmission.opposite.the.times. the.to.until..per.square.the.decreases.to.minimize.the.it. positive.reducing.must.resistance.for.one.complete.In.of..During.transmission.in..as.the..revolution.current.the.cycles. third. energy....(3600.a.during.it.the.lost.voltage. 2 I R (I-squared-R).increases.track.quarter.generator.rotates.would.to.to.the.lines.voltage.same.equal.useful.most.If.value.lines.armature.a.the.of.the.the.. be..a.of.role.power.at.is. direction. this.to.however.the.90°.of..80°..efficient.the.last.that.while.If. During.at.be.until.maximum.360°.3600.second.lines.times..a. reaches..do.this.hertz.order.is.the.energy.maximum.time..quarter.through.AC.you.reaches.is.a.generator.rotation.This.of.it.complete.quarter.at.utility’s.see. simple.These.referred.the. quarter.zero.a.the.operation.mechanical.to.via.voltage.the.minute.60.revolution.because..in.energy.negative.it.generator. Energy Transfer.first.360°.electrical. heat.are.a.of.the.necessary.into. The...way.reaches.described.zero.it.energy.of.transmitted.it.current.at.you.reaches. of. revolution.during.of.increases.value.produces. This.until.voltage.are.the.to.AC.they.this.The.is.or...cycle. RPM).losses.to.revolution.voltage.at. customers.60.of.change. 7 .decreases.

step-up.240.up.transformer..rises.gets.applications. countries).U.power.however.to.utilities.20.including.240. example. the.down.by.coil.and.coil.transmit.load.falls.voltage..the.S.customers.a. residential.shows...in.a.(60.three-phase.phases..transfers.single-phase.supplies.energy. significantly.other.the..power.simplified. which.transformers.generator.secondary. The.the.user. produces.load.system.distribution.example.volts.The.A. end.primary.and.by..the.the.a.volts.at.could.The.The.down.in.down.AC.three.up.the.another.generate.be.induction.used.from.and.Keep.end.the.Hz. by. device.to.2:.each.the.the.network.by.the..to.primary.one.same. have. A.used.a.many.all.entire.shown.into.is.Transformers.phase.electrical.displays. steps.are.a.be.generator.:2..to.transformers..user...to.far.needed. could.to.most.at.more.that.field.step-down transformer.generator. transformer.simplicity.the.to.level.step. + Phase A Phase B Phase C 0 - 8 .provides.20. secondary.down.that.In..to.desirable.frequency.called.from.connected. voltage..simple.generator.electrical. case.is.The.is.for.induces.50. For.the.step.been.primary.voltage.other. mind.voltage.voltage.step.the.end.when.the..and. 1:2 AC Source Primary Coil 900 Turns Secondary Coil 1800 Turns Primary Coil 1800 Turns 2:1 Secondary Coil 900 Turns 120 VAC I = 10 amps Load Vload = 240 VAC Iload = 5 amps 240 VAC I = 5 amps Vload = 120 VAC Iload = 10 amps Step-Up Transformer Step-Down Transformer Three-Phase Voltage.utilities.step-up transformer.step.offset.the.near.While.in.voltage.user.coil..utility.produced.the. step.to.voltage..to. electrical.. needed.or.use.the.it..commercial... Once.the.used.transformer.and.level.single-phase.is.volts.at.up.many.coil.magnetic.from.energy..in.step.the. three-phase.to.the.is.Hz.so.a.mutual.The.than.coil.following.industrial..volts.up.this.devices. 20°.this.power.voltages.power.Each.

voltages.and.following.wye.requirements.the.either.and.the.of. Wye A 480 Volts 480 Volts Delta A 120 Volts 240 Volts N B 277 Volts 277 Volts 480 Volts N 120 Volts C 277 Volts B C 240 Volts 208 Volts 240 Volts A-B B-C C-A A-N B-N C-N 480 Volts 480 Volts 480 Volts 277 Volts 277 Volts 277 Volts A-B B-C C-A A-N B-N C-N 240 Volts 240 Volts 240 Volts 120 Volts 208 Volts 120 Volts 9 .voltage.three-phase.of.upon.coils.Three-Phase Transformers.vary. .be.the.customer.wyeconnected.power. needs.are.transformer.a. transformer.a.company.a.both. These.and..actual.of.connected.the.type.depending. depend. widely.application.configurations.These.three.delta..in.secondary.secondary.examples.on.of.the.used.distribution..the.require..secondary.The. interconnected.only.The.primary.the.the. configurations.the.of.requirements.shows.delta-connected.a.transformer.and.specific.the. Transformers.power. configuration.the.with.illustration.or.of.transformers.in.can.possible..and.

voltage..system.loads.substation.generalpurpose.used.customer.cooling.used.and.the.wire.S.a.plant.Only...is.When. residential.used.stepped.volts.neutral.other.lighting.supply.hot.The..is.single-phase..U.residential.a.residential.supply.high.reaches.final..240.voltage.lower.The.is.cooking.Here. Step-down Transformer Hot Wire Distribution Voltage 120 Volts Neutral 120 Volts Hot Wire 240 Volts 0 .and.common..up.voltage.hot.it. stepped.a...between.voltage.generated.Residential Applications Power.to.to.20.at.in.today.high-demand.to..In.power.and. The.is.volt.volts.volt.either. heating.for.a.two.is.the..supply.destination.stepped.is. three-wire supply system.used.is.typical.receptacles..brought.between. wires.is...it..to. its.this.volts.is.application.a. Power Supply.distribution. and.down.system.240. down.in..single-phase.power.at.20.most.a.it.a.for. transmission.the.240. applications.and.local.

.metering.been.overhead. underground..from.and.a.or.to.service.Each.load.typically. for.to.has.from.the.to.company.companies..run.a.with.purposes.utility.a.and.reliable.watt-hour.and.many.Residential.equipment.determine.quiet.residential.are.with. associated.backup.consumed.generators.the.Siemens.service.Service Entrance.are.. watt-hour.for.safely..meter. connect.portable generators.or.kits.. Meter Sockets Most. .meter.designed.usually..watt-hour meter.come.electricity.single-position.switches..it.and.can.interlock. power.of.of.applied.electric.a.such.meter sockets.securely. Transformer Load Center Meter Transformer Overhead Service Lateral Service Meter Load Center Siemens Generators.a.variety. through..device..and.is.the.utility.familiar.company.meter.manual.center.range..socket.used.enters.transformer.us.is.This.billing. enough.is.offers.capacities. Although.to.homeowners. requires.transfer.purchased.of. manufactures.is.homes.the.electrical. businesses.the.for.. Power.a.service entrance.the. multiple-position.applications.operation.The. an.from.as. is.a.reliable.and.  . how.desire.from. Siemens. and.transfer.Siemens. generators.by.located.our.provided.much.service.along.lateral.in.outside.power.house.

group.includes.separate.for.a.mains.socket.center.a. metering.a.watt-hour.each.for.option.application. tenant.are.the..requirements. dwellings.service.commercial.a.Meter..or..main.are.These.module.or.module.breaker.enclosure.easily.multi-family.and.range.and. Uni-Pak meter centers..meter.are.circuit. similar.incorporate.one.for.meter.types.more.stacks.to.For.center.in. meter.device.wide. Meter. Power Mod with QuickSystem modular metering.meter.a.combinations.six. offers.types.circuit.to. Because.example.meter. Main Service Disconnect Meter Socket Main Circuit Breaker Branch Breaker Space Meter Main Meter Load Center Combination Group Metering..another.that.of. meter.a.with.. SERVICE DISCONNECT SERVICE DISCONNECT SERVICE DISCONNECT SERVICE DISCONNECT SERVICE DISCONNECT DANGER Uni-Pak Meter Center Power Mod Meter Stack 2 .watthour.meet.each.various.application.the.of.incorporate.Siemens.for.compartment.disconnect.same.residential.vary.configured.within.space.a.space.systems.compartments.and.main.load. an. Load Center Combinations.load.same.and.and.spaces.are.adjacent.can.significantly.residential.applications.breakers.two. combinations.be.typical. Meter mains.of.Individual.meter.a.Meter Mains and Meter.self-contained.... and.assortment.meter load center combinations.branch. commercial.mains. to.enclosure.in.located. requires.

a.unit.a.used.this.control.unit. A.subsequent.circuit.Load.power.previously.and.used.vary. service.type.sizes.is.incoming.if.from.circuits.usually.center.a.been.with.can.breakers..center.in.load center.provided.additional. Ultimate load center.. to..a.As. some. Door Trim Integral.main.circuits.amps.Siemens.separate.Branch.a.be.branch..disconnect.applications.and. from.to.electrical.42.is.circuit.to.current.used.breaker.is.. continuous.of..00.center..a.center.provide. Load Center Additional Load Center A/C Disconnect Load Centers.meter.Residential Power Distribution After.have..residential.load.the.breaker.For..circuit.an. Load..of.to.in.same.performed.lug.from.be..indicated..may. construction.in.or.a.to.. commercial.meter.load.example.centers.but.typically.maintenance.plug.goes to.combined.second.separately.ratings. A..air.2..often..through.load.provided.Often.term.into.enclosure.provided. socket..industry.trim..main.while.size.is.conditioning..the.protection.remove.an. Upper Pan Main Breaker Branch Circuit Breakers Interior Knockout 3 .. center.central.a.225.instances. identify.however.load..only.main.typical.interior.load.center.a.the.consists.may. circuit. Adjustable.with.load.and.has.panelboard.for.interior.range.circuits.where.is.for..is.In.enclosure.light.a.type.used.is.used.an.device.passing. Where. center.there.ratings.power.

standard.getting.width. appliance.addition.can.the. Circuit breakers.not.breakers.to.to. certain.a.installed.and.circuit. be..a.2-pole.QP circuit breakers.ratings.branch.225.variety.manual. or.takes.is.provide.kitchen.touching.-pole.Circuit Breakers.within.sink...a.this.and.and.deenergizing.typically.receptacles. manufactures.connected..other.and.a..with. ground fault.volts.required.six.less. 4 .volts.breakers. RMS Sym.means.a.240.for.by.energizing.feet.20/240.mounted..GFCI circuit breaker.Siemens.as.current.at.ground.Siemens.devices.in.ground.a.receptacles.interrupting. A.where.a.20..are.volts.A..overcurrent.ungrounded.the.of.or.protection. Circuit Breaker & SPD GFCI Breaker TYPE QPF TEST AFCI Breaker QAFH ARC FAULT GND HACR SWD Circuit Breaker Combination Ty AFC TYPE 40 C AFCI Interrupting Rating 22kA 120V Max.receptacle..of.practical.Often.circuit.circuit. circuits.is.a.protection..ratings.to.when.protect.an.fault.load.from..to. Mechanical Link From Power Source 1-Pole Circuit Breaker To Load From Power Source 2-Pole Circuit Breaker To Load In. person.undesirable.is. voltage.provide.on.ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI)..is.a.center.receptacles.located.types.amps.a.circuit.4-pole.of.bathroom.breaker.when.or. When.this.of. 50/60 Hz O 15 TEST 10707150001 1-Pole QP 2-Pole QP QT Duplex QT Triplex GFCI Circuit Breaker.are.an.. receptacles.residential.Residential.designed.current.a.condition.such.the.of. path..shock. outdoor.GFCI.GFCI..occurs.

that.additional. for.existing.fires. a.from.by.has.to.of.characteristics.be.center.cause.of.QT.are.and.new.the.by.to.half.A.. the.enough.are.cases. added.energy.trip.width..than.many.. unintended.center.or.capacity.breakers.recognizing.however.started.from... type.Not. of. These.addition.This.are.faults.center.faults.important.load.are.and.not. Triplex.dwelling.electrical.which.. Line-to-Ground Arc Parallel Arc > 75 A (Line-to-Neutral) Series Arc > 5A Load Neutral Neutral Load Neutral Load QT Circuit Breakers.circuit.Series.de-energizing.breakers.three.National.spaces.common.allows.a.sufficient.is. QT Duplex Two Independent 1-Pole Breakers Requires One Space QT Triplex Two Independent 1-Pole Breakers One Common Trip 2-Pole Breaker Requires Two Spaces QT Quadplex Two Sets of Common Trip 2-Pole Breakers Requires Two Spaces 5 .arc..conductor.arc fault circuit interrupter (AFCI) circuit breaker.AFCI Circuit Breaker.unique. An.are.a.centers.standard. damaged.an.in. Arc faults..arc.not.type.against.on..in. and Quadplex plug-in circuit breakers.AFCI.are.are.accept. Some. The.designed.protect.in. overcurrent.a.saving.are.parallel.current. main.in.arcs.from.for.providing.arcs.amounts.ways.CAFCI.downstream.are.to.5.fire.cause.a.cause..where.provided.Siemens.sufficient. branch.. the.to.line-to-ground.faults:. protects.load.single.arc.circuit.construction.Arc.intended.to.devices.in. available.pole.. when.an.same. wiring..but.greater. circuits.unit.(NEC)®requires.the.being.the.and.equal..or.Electrical.to.load.more.width.often.QP.circuits.circuit.circuit.series.is.to.are.fault.circuits.use.breakers.to.AFCI..An. high.type QT Duplex.arcs..combination..breakers.all.but.to.per. to.worn.breakers.reduced.the.being.flow.result.breaker.serviced..circuit.in.circuit.arcs.insulation.arcs.categories.space.arcs.arcing.protection.load.breaker.detected.2008.that.Code.

-pole..lines.for.damage.competitor.surge protection devices (SPDs).surge.and.two.listed.Siemens. and.Siemens. protection.include.point-of-entry.for.provides. Protection.light.circuits.either.the. telephone.for.protection.or.in.full-size.are.and. Circuit Breaker and SPD.or. Siemens. Failure to do so will result in death or serious injury. OUT TPS TEL IN Phase Indicators L2 On-Full Protection Off-No Proection L1 TPS3 A9040 Point of Entry TVSS CAUTION DANGER HAZARDOUS VOLTAGE Disconnect all power supplying this equipment before replacing.commercial..surges.(TPSCX). provide.that.branch. TPS CX TPSCX 6 .lightning.Point of Entry Surge.surge.TPSCX coaxial protector.following. Siemens.uses.can.with.UL.residential.centers.cables.also.TV. TPSTEL Mode l No.from.and.use.TPSTEL telecommunication protector.TPS3 A9040 SPD.equipment.products.intended..offers.example.to.. minimize.be.(TPSTEL).electrical.devices.to. breakers.replaces.Siemens.devices.residential.applications.protection. Circuit Breaker and SPD 20 Protected when lit 20 QSA2020 Type QP Circuit Breaker and SPD Siemens.provides.all. load.circuit..connected.For.

that.subfeed.as.variety.of..provide.renovation.main.in older. than.lots.homes..UL. narrower.center.equipment.Special Application Panels Siemens. mobile.load.need.GFCI.studs.during.service.notch.field.breaker. Temporary power outlet panels.is. Spa panels.listed.located.a.lugs.with.between.as. Non-critical Circuits Main Breaker Generator Backed Up Critical Circuits Automatic Transfer Switch Main Breaker Load Center Renovation panels.projects.applications. Both.ground. have.200. .an.of.in.private.of.available.power. supply.recreational.use.space.Generator Ready Load Center.the.listed.fault.factory.service.extra.of.provides.external.suitable.main.as.and.are.are.UL.existing.versions.construction. Additional.interrupter.serving.only.for.practices.These.construction.vehicle.UL.These.feed-through.effective..which.and.connection.for.provide.panel.narrower.a.are.intended.a.power.breaker.are.critical.circuit.two.eliminates.of.homes.main..backup.to.A.generator.out.allow.(GFCI).a. Trailer Panels..on.Use. for.or.listed.2-pole.current.or.42.distance.lug.either.positions.panels.the.circuits.outlets.The.for. incorporate. 30.panels.this. 7 .for.requiring.provide.designed.. circuits.panels. entrance. equipment.panels.implementing.designed.circuit.options.is.. use.added. solution.temporary.panels.are.the.. circuits.for.for.breakers.studs.breaker.indoor.outdoor..

case..Siemens. with.conditioner. Enclosed circuit breakers.equipment.branch.provide. Siemens.molded.control.computers.discussed..manufactures.products.control.HVAC.. The. maintenance.a.for.various.disconnects.the.for.the.. Telephone Master Hub model TM1X6 Telephone Data Hub Telephone Expansion model DM8PEXP model TP8PEXP Telephone In Out Video Amplifier Hub model VM1X6A Televisions 8 .disconnecting.to.and.security.home.lighting.the.been.to. circuits. Enclosed Circuit Breakers Enclosed Disconnect Structured Wiring.power.circuit.of.Siemens.of.breaker..of.Enclosed Circuit Breakers.thus.networking.also.broad.within.have.range. configured.switch.disconnects.a.that.Internet.non-fused.and fused.network.to. video.such.allow.far. and Disconnects.structured wiring.residence.equipment.associated.enclosures.a..signals.means.audio..as..air..an..etc.power.distribution.and.can.be.safe..offers. convenient. of..

multiple. 9 ..and.and.of.newest.circuit.Review 1 .that.sizes. Siemens.amps. ________.multiple.___. ________.Circuit.listed. 3.and.watt-hour.meter.and.are..disconnect. Siemens.incorporates.space.provide.provides. for.breakers.-pole.to.two. 4.___.enclosure.in.from.AFCIs.service. family.Breaker.also.point.dwellings.watt-hour.and._________.range. main.load. 5.provide.in..required.types. known.___..the.protection.from.three.all.AFCI.________.incorporate.enclosure. breakers.center.of.UL.protection. 2. ___.a.faults.. entry.Ultimate.circuits.the.to. Siemens.same. _________.against.meters.options.arc.surge.a.for.

differ.required.or..applications.methods.used.may.buildings.for.In.In..building.route. incorporates.These. distribute.busway.commercial.power..often.meter.a.often..described.are.a.the.and.used.mall.very.inside.usually.socket.are..single-tenant.is.distribution.Electricity.. demands.the.. be.into.and.panelboard.of.however. malls. Multiple-tenant.addition. many..range.lighting.route.or.hotels...Electrical.a.office.as.busway.of. multi-story.power..can.to.In..the.for.cable.single-family.In.machinery.system.cases..used.to.applications.as.. There.systems.limited.commercial.larger.applications. example.in.electrical.and.be.and.or. Busway.Small.office..facilities.much. applications.office.such.centers..and...meter.combination.run.distributing.Most.commercial..and.typically.use.multiple.stores.building.as.building.escalators.power.utility.a.for.commercial.buildings.meters.the...sufficient. larger.requirements.have.from.scale.only. a.large.operate...strip..two.applications.. ones.conduit.facilities. these.residential..small..than.also.single-position.and.small. apartment..such.to.such.be.medium-sized. cable.offices.have.power.conduit.cases.throughout. heating.applications.and. Typically.require. energy.can.and.metering.electrical.cooling.a.amount.and.conduit.conveyors.complexes.power.power.in.previously.power.applications. 20 ..a.system.shopping.on.building.cable.modular.Commercial Applications Commercial..higher. elevators. for..such. small.such.

Busway.fittings.is.Sentron busway.is.conductors.distribution.a.be.switchboard.used.for. transformer.as.power.a.plug-in.offers.at.. associated.from. Feeder Busway Switchboard or Panelboard Transformer 2 .the.manufactured.often.including.and.building. easy. conductors.involve.and.system.job..feeder.of.5000.225.vault.to.insulated.is.and.entrance.outside. ratings.and.This.accessories.or.to.an. may. building.available.rapid.design.to.power. Outdoor feeder busway.from.Siemens.building.a.inside.or.the.busway.busway.Sentron.the.to.has.routing.indoor.or.service.variety.continuous.current.bring.enclosed.install.busway.amps.the.inside.site.. Service Entrance.with.of.a..For.can. systems.panelboard.used..from. assembly.

of.difference.met.of.is.larger.larger. a.and.maintenance.and.circuits.however.to.busway). access.as.Electrical.panelboard..switchboard..or..of..panelboard.handle.lighting..area.or.be.typically.connected.facility.in.building.connecting.a.This.a.or.are.advantage.in.of.and.however.(vertical.they.the. change.of.amount.used.which.air-conditioning.switchboards.to. While.common.together.circuit.below.may.or.For..conduit.applications.ease.be.configured.must.total.panelboards.labor.of.can..wall. switchboards.the.30%. controlled.to. A.circuit..both.the.building.of. provide.that.switchboards.range.of.the.key.can.standard.against.25.to.include.to. when. so.cost.assemblies.example.current...where. differences.incoming.or.installation.mounted.sections.a. can.takes.are.may.Additional..circuit.For.and.major.whereas.a.power.illustrated.high-rise.between.risers.install.system.small commercial. control.be.can.power.key.It.away.to. lengths.panels.busway.downstream. panelboards.of.devices. power panelboard. loads.protection.The Busway Advantage.for.appliance.a.rear.control. means.be.is.service.in. purposes..distribute.In.allow.to. 22 .of. supplied.also.economically.busway.type.power.broader.and. and. must.systems.wall.installed. Commercial Applications.protection. incorporate..be.is.to.control.breakers.such.amounts..by.unit.greater.complex.and. .switchboard.the...typically.the.there.these.less.with. Savings.the. Busway.installation. .busway sections.of.power.than.be.it..power.functions. Perhaps..installed.busway.one. can.required.power. The.be.single.to.to.be.from.which.cable.more.used.switches.power.a.often.can.be.busway.some.and.each.a.that.by...lighting.can.switchboards.a.system.any.perform.connects.general.are. Power Distribution in.needs.a.to. the.feeder.

Panelboard Construction.

The.load.centers.discussed.previously.in.this.course.are. panelboards.designed.for.residential.or.light.commercial. applications..Panelboards.used.in.most.commercial.applications,. however,.are.generally.more.rugged.in.construction.and.able.to. handle.larger.amounts.of.current.

Access Door Trim Dead Front

Interior Enclosure (Can)

Panelboards.

Siemens.manufactures.five.panelboard.models.to.meet.various. distribution.requirements..

The.P1.panel.fits.the.majority.of.lighting.and.appliance.panel. needs.in.a.cost.effective.package..P.main.breaker.or.main.lug. only.panels.are.available.with.continuous.current.ratings.up.to. 400.amps.. The.next.step.in.the.series.is.the.P2.panel.which.offers. maximum.flexibility.and.options.to.fit.demanding.specifications.. P2.main.breaker.or.main.lug.only.panels.are.available.with. continous.current.ratings.up.to.600.amps.

23

.The.P3.panel.is.also.a.flexible.and.innovative.panel..P3.panels. are.sized.more.like.a.lighting.and.appliance.panel.for.those. tight.areas,.but.able.to.handle.many.power.distribution.panel. applications..P3.panels.are.available.with.continuous.current. ratings.up.to.800.amps.for.main.lug.only.panels.and.600.amps. for.main.breaker.panels. The.P4.panel.is.a.mid-sized.power.distribution.panel.that.can. include.fusible.switches.as.well.as.circuit.breaker.main.and. branch.devices..P4.panels.are.available.with.continuous.current. ratings.up.to.200.amps.for.main.lug.only.panels,.800.amps.for. main.breaker.panels,.and.200.amps.for.main.switch.panels. Finally,.the.P5.panel.incorporates.larger.fusible.and.circuit. breaker.main.and.branch.devices.to.provide.maximum.power.to. the.distribution.system..P5.panels.are.available.with.continuous. current.ratings.up.to.200.amps.for.main.lug.only,.main.breaker,. and.main.switch.panels. Lighting Control Panels. Siemens.offers.a.variety.of.lighting.control.options..For. example,.the.P1 Series Lighting Panel with i-3 Control Technology.provides.a.compact.solution.for.controlling.branch. lighting.circuits.via.a.time.schedule.or.external.signal..The.panel. incorporates.i-3.components.and.can.be.sized.for.8,.30,.or.42. circuits..i-3.technology.can.function.independently.or.can.be. networked.to.a.building.automation.system.

24

Switchboard Construction.

Switchboards.typically.consist.of.a.service.section.with.a. main.circuit.breaker.or.main.fusible.switch.and.one.or.more. distribution.sections..The.service.section.can.be.fed.directly. from.the.utility.transformer..In.addition.to.the.main.disconnect,. the.service.section.usually.contains.utility.or.customer.metering. provisions..

Service Section

Distribution Section

SB1, SB2, SB3, and RCS Switchboards

SB1, SB2, and SB3 switchboards.have.been.designed.to. simplify.system.layout.and.reduce.installation.cost..They.are. built.to.Underwriter’s Laboratory.(UL.89).and.National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA.PB-2).standards. and.provide.rugged.construction.and.service.flexibility. SB.switchboards.are.designed.fit.in.limited.floor.space.. Through-bus.ratings.up.to.2000.amps.at.600.VAC.are.available.. The.main.protective.devices.are.front-connected..All.sections. are.rear.aligned.so.that.the.switchboard.can.be.installed.against. a.wall.. SB2.main.protective.devices.and.through-bus.are.rated.up. to.4000.amps.at.600.VAC..The.rear.of.all.sections.align.as. standard..Front.and.rear.alignment.is.available.as.an.option.. SB3.switchboards.offer.the.greatest.variety.of.options.and.are. available.with.a.main.bus.rating.up.to.6000.amps.at.600.VAC.. The.rear.of.all.sections.align.as.standard..Front.and.rear. alignment.is.available.as.an.option.. RCS (rear-connected) switchboards.differ.from.the.SB,.SB2,. and.SB3.design.primarily.in.the.distribution.section,.which.uses. individually.mounted.branch.feeders..Because.of.the.mounting. method,.access.to.the.outgoing.cable.terminals.must.be.from. the.rear.of.the.RCS.section..RCS.switchboards.are.available. with.a.main.bus.rating.up.to.6000.amps.at.600.VAC. 25

distribution.and.and.needs...with.switchboards.distribution.consist.Vacu-Break.to.arrangement.switchboards.monitoring..the.a.main.Electric Utility Service Equipment Requirements Committee (EUSERC). an.switchboards.of..and..the. IPS.breaker. Watt-Hour Meter Supplied by Utility Meter Socket Metering Compartment Main Service Disconnect Distribution Panel 26 .factory.single.are.service entrance.in.environmental.with.a. sections.switchboard.disconnect.time.and.distribution.Siemens. a.section.power.freedom..service.contained. more.one..600.to.one.meet.the.400.600. specifications.bus.reduce.configure.available.are.in.unit.400. and.cable..Integrated Power System (IPS) switchboard The.fusible.main.Pennant.typically.integrate.have.allows.These.service.or.circuit.rated.4000. amps..best. Blue.Integrated Power System (IPS) switchboard.that.modular.with.wiring.mount.of.connected.switch.that.maximum.for.up.interconnection.Customers.available.line-up.However.600.or.that.customer. installation.multiple.devices..accommodate. IPS.VAC.amps.a.electrical.sections.further.equipment. controls.. switchboard.systems.is.also.are.enclosures.Optional. 800.switchboards.Super.fits.IPS.Super Blue Pennant switchboard.amps.to.one.switchboards.or.is. Service Section Distribution Sections Super Blue Pennant Switchboard Siemens.main.into.through. installed.to.design.with.their..pull.

V..The.consider.4-wire.which.utility. amps.to.a.V.chose.tenants.shopping..designed.choosing.a.and.3-phase.the.up..the.provide.services:.main..These.applications.-phase.and.for.208Y/20V.are.up..a.4000.to.4000.buildings.switchboard.are.it.the.. Siemens.solution. designed.office.with.where.areas. .3-phase.not.3-phase. 480Y/277.main.for.to.meet. When. Siemens.multimetering.centers.... such.applications.is..routing.SMM switchboards.future..power.of..panelboard.a.is.is.is..high-quality.other..service.4-.commercial multi-metering switchboards.are Switchboards..20/240.4-wire.total.are.3-phase.multiple.meters.in.EUSERC.3-wire.should.following. 27 .wire.a.electrical.Commercial Multi-Metering.to..applications. building.between.and..include.load.for.multiple.product.. 480Y/277.not.wire.of. amps...EUSERC.as.for.factors.clear.always. required. SMM Switchboard MMS Switchboard Panelboard Example.There.services:.rated.MMS switchboards..following. commercial.and..service.switchboard.compliance.The.expansion.3-phase.and. buildings.V. you.4-wire. Siemens.switchboard.number. necessary.208Y/20V.throughout.4-. specifications.V. 240/20.rated.where.

Another.a.a. Transformer Power Panelboard 1200 A.For.used.utility.This.. the.the.at.Multiple.controls.is.application.amps.a.and.outlets.up..appliance...and.the. power.facility.example.a.and.only.lighting.to.used.panelboard.away.a. to.power.to.to.section.motor.to.circuits.devices.is.to.480..are.For.supplied.larger. motor.panelboard.simplicity.For.a.a..commercial. supplies.lighting. In.to.supply.transformer. on.supply.used.to.transformer.power.located.panelboard.to.volts.a.In. shown.often.circuit.a.and.the.only.volts.power.power.example.one.distribute.a.supplies.electrical.power.and.power. devices.switchboard.commercial.In.circuit.more.starter.For. 480 VAC From Utility 120 VAC 480 VAC AC Motor Panelboard Motor Starter Switchboard Example.electrical.applications.the. through.a.circuit.and.lighting.is.through.of.shown.controls.to.Another.simplicity..appliance.outlets.further..panelboard.or.a.480.panelboard. which..to.example.small.lighting. Busway 480 VAC From Utility Feeder Feeder Busway 480 VAC Switchboard Power Panelboard Transformer 480 VAC Transformer 480 VAC 120 VAC 120 VAC 480 VAC AC Motor Panelboard Panelboard Motor Starter 28 .applied.power..circuit.by.2400...up.a.motor.to.to.are..another.lighting.are.at. following.appliance.amps.supplies. which. throughout.service.following.few.200..or..floor.demanding.one.. switchboards.example.power.power. 2400 A.panelboard. supplies.few.are. through.

. trip.with.circuit. of.up.specifications.too.have.fault.it.requirement.and.downstream.a.fault.2000.the.Trip.it.in.of.trips.customer.consulting.automatic.Proper..a. Circuit Breakers.an.United.reduces...are.overall.discussed.the. breakers.of.provided.specifications.in.it.service.than.short.more.are.when. closest.and.molded case circuit breakers (MCCBs). when.in.upstream.selection. protection..breakers.are.so.applications.overload.response.it.extensive.requirements.many.In.is.States.to.in.can. energizing. thermal-magnetic circuit breakers.that. circuit.circuit.and.current.a. of.maximum.on.to.case.detailed..service.used.for.breakers.magnetically.coordination.applications. Frame-EG Type/Tipo NEG 100 Amp O N l O F F O 100 Molded Case Circuit Breakers with Thermal Magnetic Trip Units In.commercial.in.likelihood.characteristics.and.and.a.circuit.are.of.the.circuit.to.hot.which.application.only.a.applications. immediately. Siemens. service.panelboards.breakers.so.489.of..application.addition.power.commercial.conform.whether.protection. necessary.residential.molded.breakers..a.is..usually.are.except. amps.request for proposal (RFP).obvious.in.adjustable.and.ratings.for.breakers.in.breaker.trips.trip.circuit...trip.a. 29 .just.most.may.and.panelboard.switchboard.circuit.. Circuit.used. the.This.engineer.used.devices..a.de-energizing.circuit.tripping.suppliers.condition. other.circuit.with.the.entrance.a.to.previously. a.breakers. requirements.outages.based.because.coordinate.or.at.breaker.power.the.. provide.variety.switchboards.and.by.first.necessary.be.breakers.the.or.not.to. thermal-magnetic.residential.unit.circuit. commercial.information.in.they.nuisance. communicated.means.tripping.AB.necessary.NEMA.or.offers.the.determination. the.entrance.and.requires.used.The.circuit.gets. breakers.potential.other.circuit.senses.From. trips.a.manual.coordination.many.that.should.applications.be. UL.named.to.and.circuit.units.be.trip.used.used.to..when.the.the.made.breakers.Thermal-magnetic. The. appropriate.circuit.Like.current.

circuit.covers.applications.parts.developed.the. molded. 30 .locking.into. multiple.discussed.are.generally.amps.of.This. with.be.mounted.and.switchboards.thermal-magnetic. used.needed.are.to.that.problem.solid state trip unit.cover. the. specification.breakers.have.family.In.choosing.breaker.adjustments..VL circuit breakers.may. molded..limited. adjustable.the.trip.breakers.have.UL.some.thus. mounted.LG OFF ON I 800A O OFF O Type/Tipo Frame DG NDG ON I OFF 600A O Type/Tipo Frame DG NDG Type/Tipo NFG OFF 150A O ON I Frame FG ON I OFF 150A O OFF 250A O ESC VL Circuit Breakers WL Circuit Breakers The.Model 545 Electronic Trip Unit.circuit.required. requirements..maximum.specification..addition. VL.also.of.circuit.to..have..spare.600..and.extensive.up..designs.modular.Siemens.that.fixed.typically.current.families..are.response..VL.in.are.on.category. VL Circuit Breakers.models.available.three..hand.past. ! DANGER ! PELIGRO ! DANGER ! DANGER ! PELIGRO ! DANGER Type/Typo Frame MG NNG ON I ! DANGER ! PELIGRO ! DANGER Type/Typo Frame MG NNG Frame MG Type/Typo ON NMG I ON I OFF O Type/Tipo Frame .this.common..unit.an.breakers.circuit.a.to.varied.Circuit. breaker.489.compatible.selection.circuit.two.far.is.in. In.design.circuit.circuit.circuit.accessories.a.circuit.case..drawout.case. Siemens.of.breakers.or.a.complete. insulated case circuit breaker (ICCB).this.to.continuous..breakers.molded..VL.trip.of.with. internal.variety.ratings.as.While.flexibility. with..referred..Each.to.commonly.frame. for.users.ICCBs.other.breakers.course.Model 576 Electronic Trip Unit with Liquid Crystal Display (LCD).many.the.In.breakers.breaker.types.is.only.conform.of..an.curve.needed.case.global.of.range. with.the.Model 525 Thermal-Magnetic Trip Unit. provides.adjustment.the..the.breakers.

conform.are. Siemens.conform.breakers.600. 3 .in.is.both.rated.breakers.and.conform.large.that.UL.amps.family.and.Vacu-Break fusible switches. WL UL 1066 circuit breakers.frame.voltage.open. or.with.power.three.in.and.maximum.frame.generally.breakers. frame.three.sizes.continuous.UL.operating.power.066.circuit.amps.provide.and. maximum.UL.the.and. have.V.available.current.066.used.may.switchboards.another.versions.drawout.3..switch.breakers.located. ANSI.to.V.for..the. in.NEMA.a.from.with.condition..specifications.Another.in.SG3.used.for. A.modular.and.an.the low voltage (LV) power circuit breaker.have.LV.to.circuit.overcurrent.breakers. frame.have.of.power..ratings.available.ratings.50).to.type. . Frame Size I Frame Size II Frame Size III O O O I I I WL UL 489 circuit breakers...breakers.occurs.amps.sizes.a.with.Properly..(C37 .use.States.and.breakers.ratings.standards.. specification.circuit.are.that.Siemens.UL.and..of.in.5000. (LV).to.C37 ..mounted.United.fuses.of.C37 .6.All.frame. the.is.be.low.intended..NEMA.to.are.of.corresponding.switch.and. ICCBs.LV.category.used. up. generally.WL..two.fixed-mounted.switchgear. voltage.LV.LV.635.operating.of.489.voltage.as.power.is.800.are..includes.American National Standards Institute (ANSI). Vacu-Break Fusible Switches.800.to.in.sized.standard.and.in.drawout-mounted.specification. protection. when. circuit.fusible.from.are.panelboards.200.overcurrent.drawout-mounted.switchboards.to.switchgear.rated.7 C37 .the..The.available.device.circuit.corresponding.sizes.disconnect.circuit.5000.

and.ratings.with.systems.to.related.in.a.power meters.and.available. 480/277 VAC 3-phase.software.before.to.used.Visible.the.demand.visual. components. quality.8 kV Utility Supply Transformer Power Quality Meter Service Switchboard 480/277 VAC 3-phase.current.up.device.for.state.. 400.is.class. Power Monitoring Systems.as.concerning. panelboards. HCP.provide.fuses.used.on.can.are.full.are.switches.200.from.and.critical.a.loads. indication.disconnect.ampere. 4-wire Distribution Switchboards Power Meter Safety Switch Motor Starter 480 VAC 3-phase.J.monitor.class.switchboards.with.of.when.amps. another.that.of.. 4 wire 9510 13. Siemens.L.switches.to.available...servicing. HCP.device.suitable.000.and.be. or. 200.high contact pressure (HCP) fusible switch.switch.a..amps.the. 3-wire Transformer Power Meters 208/120 VAC 3-phase.contacts.power.with.fusible.line.use.offers.fusible.fault.HCP Fusible Switches Siemens. 3-wire Distribution Switchboard North East M Panelboard West Panelboards 480 VAC Busway for Motor Loads 32 .of.

it.conform.States.the (TPS).including.usually.and..caused.an. high.lightning.and..are.the.of.levels.by.of..Siemens. Phase Indicators On-Full Protection Off-No Proection CAUTION DANGER HAZARDOUS VOLTAGE Disconnect all power supplying this equipment before replacing.to.EPAct.by.with. Failure to do so will result in death or serious injury.to.are.other..standards.and.pumps.the.motors..efficiency.specifications.electrical..or.ground.High Efficient motors. caused.copper..Transient Protection System (TPS)..applications.this.of.the.meet. elevators. In.. 33 . technology.energy.In.NEMA. Premium.and.damaged.used. motors.susceptible.a. offers.exceed. Danger High Voltage AC Motors.exceed.problem.for.office.system.our.component.surge.which.equipment..Siemens.escalators.in.Efficiency. between.electrical.the.electrical.which.source.standards..motors.United. Computers.to.the. every.surge protection devices (SPDs).Siemens.equipment.NEMA.Any.be..NEMA Ultra Efficient.fit.whether.surge.response.distribution.or.is..conveyors..can.variety.Transient Protection System..fans.to.commercial. our..rotor.offers.NEMA.motors. AC.level.these.

switch..another.provide.duty..type.circuit.up. severe.and.not.protection.to.Fusible.to.a.non-fusible.heavy duty.means.duty.requirements.switch.and.rugged.on..where.for.with.switch.construction.throw.to.either.a.a.duty.throw.V.fault.for.current. General.hand.single.more.used.....single.with.and. A.are.DC.is.VBII. General Duty Heavy Duty VBII Safety Switches 34 . General.available.ratings.switches.and.needed.30.amps. ratings.power.do.one.enclosed. disconnecting..safety.double.switch.to.to.for.designs.include.are.are. transfer.not.A.available.for.safety.are.Siemens VBII safety switches.of.switches.applications.the. switches.double throw.safety.safety.but.of.performance.is.severe.applications.a.two.source. ratings.current. reliable.provisions.fuses.600.voltage.continuous.motor..common.are. general duty.intended.30.are.for.in.to.other.600..use.required. needed.from.VAC. A.loads.240.continuous.ratings.the.VBII Safety Switches. Heavy.VBII.available.from.duty.source.switches..connect.safety.to. voltage.AC.is.200.power.or..load. a.from.provide.is.a.VBII. switches.above. A.not.and.to.or.

be.and.same.the.for.motor.contained.it.to..a. combination starter.to.switch.such.provide.contacts.of. overload relay.breaker.starters.addition.that.commonly.motor.a.the...and.of.the..start.typically. fusible.to.function. Pushbuttons..electromagnetic. Alpharetta.products.motor.and.manufactures.enclosure.automatically...start. are. Contactor COIL NO.disconnect.circuit.control..the.Motor.specifications.a. those.power.starter.to.applications.multi-speed.contactor.to.Motor Starters. control. 2 T1 T2 T3 TRIP CLASS 20 5 30 10 ESP200 GROUND FAULT RESET MODE MAN.many.is.are.starters.these.A.by.of.the.can.that.overload.other.control.other.and.in.. ON ON PHASE UNBAL PHASE LOSS ON AMPS FULL LOAD TEST RESET Overload Relay Overload Relay SIRIUS 3R IEC Starter NEMA Starter 35 .as. with.of. in.is.International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC).other.occurs. motor.circuit.variety...used. prevents.motor.Some. Although.also. control.control.damage.components. Contactor Overload Relay Motor Starter Safety Switch Motor A.the.devices. motors.switches.components.components.stop.with.consists.S.An.when.are.as.range.to.that.contactor.SIRIUS Modular System.motor.starters.reversing.functions.a.is.capability.A.contactor.perform.manufactures.stopping.or.of.and.referred.are.In.used.full. control.overload.stop.Siemens.and.a.some.device.require. the.motor.a..a.have.NEMA.of.of.relay.to.deenergize..an.and.starter.energize. motor.a.used.to.an.When.part.conform.motor.motor starter.to.specifications. 110 V 3 L1 L2 L3 Voltes 3 Ph Max HP Max Amps 600 VAC Series A Contactor GA U. SE&A Inc.use.our. Siemens.an.remote.and.types.this.safety. manufactured.

or.to.amps.safety.design.with.for.of.available.integrate.circuit.lug.VAC..to.panelboards.._______.the.with. Siemens.either. 2.SB.. equipment.modular.breaker. .power.______..are. Siemens.that.breaker. compatible.and.unit.switchboard. 3.each.only. Siemens.frame._____.allows.as.amps.enclosures.up.___.are. allows.circuit.breaker. Siemens.a.switch. Siemens.are.case.of.VBII.____..available.switches. The.Siemens.an.P5.typically. 7 .voltage.amps.in.breakers.three.to.main.___.panelboards.mount.to.available.trip. controls.monitoring. to. which.up.______.at.and.circuit. ratings.power..________. duty.models.have.modular.switchboards.design.duty..customer.as..circuit.lineup.any.into.continuous.environmental.ratings.multiple. insulated. 5.with.a.breaker.electrical.P.Review 2.. main.have.low.main.up.600...and..current. 6.ratings.distribution.breakers.through.bus. 36 .available. one._____.panels. current.switchboard. Siemens.. circuit.be.designs.are. 4.in.

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facilities..even.require.and.can.480.down.branch.volts.the. centers.electrical..down.of.some.supply.applied..motors.further.power.stepped.volts.must.-phase.8 kV 480 V Switchboard Transformer 120 V 480 V Panelboard Panelboard 4 .be.kV.level.volts.the.secondary.this.and.and.substation.volt.the.reduces.that.voltages.voltage.following.38.to.to.is.medium.industrial.Large Industrial Facility Power Distribution Example Even.path.that..example.at.to.through.factories.machines. metal.units.to.drives.800.and.metal-clad.most.is.motor.AC.the.38. equipment.000.in.16 kV Utility Substation 38 kV Transformer MV Metal Clad Switchgear Secondary Unit Substation Primary Switch 13.is.volts.substation..lower.the.other. One.switchgear. voltage.3-phase.volts.reduced..480.480.voltages.branch. another.applied.large.down.shown.460.distribution.to.transformer.unit..illustration.further.to.utility.a.that. Further..to.in.3.8 kV MV Metal Clad Switchgear Transformer MV Metal Clad Switchgear 480 V Transformer Switchboard or LV Switchgear 38 kV 13.by. plant’s.used.-phase.operate. stepped..requires..devices.company’s. a.to.be reduced.800.distributed. volts.other.MV.most.industrial. In. and.on.While.3phase.A.and.above. Transmission Voltage 4.switchgear.or.control. volts.voltage.3.clad.the..incoming.equipment.20.a.use...section.

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ratings.rugged.concentrated.is. breaker.and.200%.ratings. varied. or.joint.heavy-duty.with.busway.voltage.grounding.proven.switchboards. 5.switchgear.of. isolated..transformers.primary.a.. XJ-L Busway. A.ratings.flexible.used.amps.manufactures.optional.to. over.track.225. 70-year.up.record. connected. An.air. 3.low. Siemens.that.of.______.is.switch.5000.industrial...power.ground.isolated.high-tech.loads.to.power. _______.features.one.area.a.in.____.in.of.operator.neutral..electrically.industrial.from..solution.Siemens Busway Siemens.with.light. SENTRON Busway.of.insulated.or.compartments.is.is.application.single.variety.or.that.is.to.sensitive. 43 .reliable.and.medium.an. single.switchgear.design.require.WL.features.or.and..a.XL-U.distribution. Each..design. operation.includes.the.distributed.an.and.applications.today. .engineered.breaker.225. welding.with.of._____________.applications.easy-to-install.for.high.Busway.large.Siemens.circuit..solution. used.more.choice..200%.for.features.well-suited.over._______. Siemens. 4.to.to. an.power.. consists.for.up.bolt.globally.are.for.section. other.to. Review 3.distribute. BD Busway.applications..from. 2.3AH3. switchgear.voltage..bolt. neutral.installations.or.a.a.automotive.to.Available.types.individually.and. that.area.in.be.stack.mechanically.to.meet. XL-U Busway.__________.in. auxiliary.joint.6500.requirements.reliability.a..enclosed.of.consists.an. amps.sections.applications.400A.busway.to.busway.stack.easy-to-install.excellent.is.optional.voltage.air-insulated.thousands.busway...

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Machines.of. S7-200 PLC Input Points Switch 46 .sensors.interact. past.receive.transform.process.from.an.the.a..switches.is. materials.with. multiple.make.outputs.a..prepare.input-output (I/O) system.raw.basic. systems.devices. various.in.and.of.are.of. Although.is.relatively.actuating. system.extensive.system..through.for.move.Discrete Parts Manufacturing Manufacturing.of.type.PLC’s.sizes.inputs.control. One.controlling.control.indicator.raw..such.effort.display.generate.backbone.store.the.materials..host.solenoids.required.it.an.to.perhaps.and.to.lights. Totally Integrated Automation.system.machine.types.example.system.to.machines.TIA.Totally Integrated Automation (TIA).PLC.controller.A.into..contactors. Although.the.of...a.parts.available.the..and.finished.(TIA).as.for.. largely.use. and..a.requires.such.industrial. related.typically.for.that.in.devices.and.engineering.needs.typical...Now.components.store.machines.SIMATIC controllers.activities.parts.S7-200.. programmable logic controller (PLC). a.systems.to.SIMATIC. computer.and.In.an.. and.to.shipment.fluidly.even.all..some.machine.used.The.this....Siemens.the.is.designing.components.are.compatible.various.many.its. machine.used..discrete.parts.as.the.I/O. Indicator Light Output Points PLC-controlled Machine.encompasses.interconnects. and.use.the.devices.control.parts.are.differ.allows.of.of.it.package.

to.as..analog.control.limit.or.type.of..some.receive.PLC.. used.it.PLC.However.well.that.or..the.digital.as.devices.PLC.as.various. outputs.such..cases.the.PLC.analyzed.are. intermediate.conditions.In...well. types.directly.The.other.control.also. these.are.voltage.. signals.relay.are.as.inputs. or.motor.pushbuttons.signals.that.signals.inputs.as.output..current.addition. operations.. Output Devices.analog. Inputs.PLC. signals.some.these.inputs.vary.type.of. such.Many.such.also.controlled. or.program.few.of.indicate.. Just.cases.from.from.following.related.devices.is. The.selector.conditions. Indicator Light Control Relay Solid State Relay Motor Starter Signaling Column Signal Lamps 47 .illustration.inputs.manual.current. discrete.to.. signals.The.condition. the.its. the.shows.controlled.on.the. internal.to.and.machine.signals.signals.in.it.on/off..starter.sensors.are.switches.however.voltage..current.proximity.an..turned.machine.equipment.called.executes.cases.process.many. in.analog inputs..switches.examples.switches.conditions.devices.as.the.be.operation.machine.that.related.vary.and.device.determine.data.outputs.as.a.type.or.of.PLC.vary.or.equipment..a.values.may.or.as.In.or..are.sends.in.machine.some.may.from..discrete.come.of.by.and.Many.discrete.the.this.the.uses.the...the.are.and.that.outputs.from..machine.by.equipment. stored.off.control.switches.sensors.discrete..come.(on/off).devices.Input Devices.receives.In.as.that.some. Pushbutton Selector Switch Limit Switch Proximity Switch In..

signals.pathway.addition.PLC.I/O.S00.to. sizes.Where.for.incorporates..such.size. devices.ports. computers.range.requirements.and.are. In.other.such.provided.manufactures..array.system.provides.commanding.drives.of.overload.PLCs.control.needed... can..modular...of.Communication.protecting..through.be. 48 .and.to.extensive.components.with.that.to.for.For.communication. Contactors Overload Relays S00 S12 Communication. supplying.. and.more.variable.each.the.communicate.communicate.detecting. example.often.system. via. Siemens.components.devices.industrial.the.are.its.SIRIUS Modular System.of.signaling...multiple.relays.machine.with. controls.the.a. system. the. following.and.ranging.speed...and.starting.is.PLC.contactors.interfaces.SIRIUS modular system.from.one.in.categories:.or.a.other..PLCs. systems.operator.can.and.in.varied. One.the.applications.available.also.options.to.the.provide.SIRIUS.an.as...controlling.utilized.of.switching.monitoring.ports.power.S2.which.

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the..from.to.exceed. of. or.processes.a.to.fact.motors.similar.term.National Electrical Manufacturers Association.three-phase.IEEE 841.one.true.Any.motor.processes.that. to..manufacturing.to.a.that.drip. some. The..or.a.are.sequentially.also.what.station. with.. motor. mounted.industrial.a.being.cases.latter.system.same.as.needed.of. used.no.the.NEMA frame size.manual.motors.Siemens.(TEFC).operations.may.include.(above NEMA motors).type.it.ranges.aspects.specification.processes.type.to.a.types.induction.NEMA..location.involve.or.totally.many.that.mechanism.manufactured.large. mechanical.to. motors.moved.meet.come.manufacturing. motor.transporter.of.and. specific.surprise.are.are.For.be..instance.into.the.assembly.in.iron.(ODP).change...station.to.United...are.both.and.AC.Siemens.that.States.reverse.NEMA.variety..in.from.machine.International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC).both.may.often.Assembly Processes Assembly..of.via.parts.only.cast.or.to. motors. techniques. In.too.conveyor.enclosed..through..assembling.manufactures.of.should.as.energy. as.series.a.is.of.processes.types.of.frame.such.the.assembly..Therefore.assembly.energy.does. employed.an.just-in-time.more.parts.of.that.entire.correspond.motor.comply.electrical.in.dimensions.standards.assembly.when.particularly.motors. The.simple. Motors.are.products.factories.that.utilize.many. frame.types.has. Units.one.stations.AC.product.station.. specifications. operations. 52 ..common. There..advanced.many.used.“NEMA.open.parts.most.line.In.discrete.are.electrical. and..may. a.processes.generator.NEMA Premium.the.indicates.is.size”.and.motors.assembled.are. combine.both.subsystem.proof.requiring.correspond.fan. dimensions.at.however.cooled.frame.of...

motors.Start.number..Stop.a.providing.shortcircuit.wiring.used.involves.used.contactor.an..When.AC.motor.reason.In.on.motor.motor.overload.protection.dispersed.condition.AC.larger.these.its.is.circuit.components.and.type.of.the.the.in.the.in.used.pressed.often.motor.for...controlled. switch.are.to.a.be.the.disconnecting.and.pushbutton.protection.off. 53 .the.overload. shown.often.contactor. frequently.motor..is. the.following.the.also.motor.provide.disconnecting.each.The.the.by.contacts.from. opens..breaker...main.it.most.example.power.the.the.When.they.an.the..its.closes.circuit.does.turning.a.motors.Although.because.by..the.circuit. motor..of.needed.safety.must.illustration..means.contactor.enclosure.breaker.near. a. made.using.relay.power.the.control.and.the.relay.is.components.with.A. Motor Starter AC Motor Circuit Breaker Type/Tipo Frame DG NDG ON I OFF 150A O Overload Contactor Relay M M M OL OL OL L1 L2 L3 Start Pushbutton Stop Pushbutton Auxiliary (Holding) Contact OL M Ma Starter Overload Coil Contact Motor Control Centers. provides.motor. when.relay.motors.a.a.The.can.and.stops.motor.exists.near..to.accomplished.of.a.control.a.instead.This.used.protection.center.installed. protects. When.not.overloads.and.used.overload.up. contacts. pressed.only.manual.are..are.the.in. and.the.few.control..geographically.this.starter.. power.a.motor.motor.for.concentrated.are.pushbutton.overload.when.is.of.associated.NEMA Motor IEC Motor Motor Control Wherever.be..an. basic.starts.motor. For.are.

constant.cable.such.the.management.module..combination.can.. called.include..fullvoltage.speed.starters.as.operator.addition. for.modules.to.system. automation. to.and.current.five..to. with. SIRIUS. SIMOCODE.variable.management.motor.starters.unit.be. an.optional.a.for.panel.tracking.solid-state.statistical.or.the.economical. PROFIBUS-DP.with.control...unit.centers.control.to.include.for.several.center.been.a.of.motor.For. SIMOCODE pro C.in.measuring.communicating.container.unit. measuring.display).automation..An.for.via.or.combination.provides.of..optimal..pro.variable.any.models.motors. 54 ..variety.. motor.a. Siemens.and.addition.items.forward.protection.all.control. connected.a..without..current.protection.a.module.panel.reversing.is. operational...the.current/ voltage.reduced.SIMOCODE.pan.operator.systems.Siemens.and.multifunctional.drives.a.implements.basic.with.control. motor.expansion. units.mounted. reduced-voltage.a.a.provides.an.A.removable.and.protection.have.that.Siemens.pro..C.or.also. range.connected.communicates.a.to.motor. of. system.compact.bucket..motor.motor.integrated.may.that.data.structure.. components..a.PROFIBUS.network.can.measuring.In. SIMOCODE pro V.control.up.flexible.can.is.interfacing..designed..sectionalized.system.voltage.of.PLCs. SIMOCODE pro Motor Management System.variable.drives.starters.of..Each.and.basic.optional.offer.functions.each.monitoring..example.to.system.(with.frequency.greater.also.single.and.include.and.is..3R.it. either..TIASTAR motor control centers.control.basic.SIMOCODE..modular.incorporate.products.speed..a.a.by.and.a.diagnostic.is.SIMOCODE. includes.module.DP ..motor.functions.even.communications.TIASTAR.In. products.via.pro.

may. of.motor.many.the.widely.starters.or.AC.motor.addition.soft.variable frequency drive..apply.the.quantities.including.for.the. FAULT SIMOCODE PRO READY TEST/ RESET PROFIBUS DP DM 24V MO READY DEVICE TM BUS GEN. Although.vary.speed. shock.ratings..AC.types.current.motor.the.AC.reduced.voltage. and.AC.is.broad.result.results.AC.several.a. this. are.need.in.the.of..starters.700 kW 30.25A/10T Menu 0 SIMOCODE pro V SIRIUS 3R Reduced Voltage Starters While..an.type.voltage.available.the.and.in.An.depends.motor.SIMOCODE PRO V DEVICE BUS GEN.constant.an. to.drives.of. applications.and. speed..to.this.voltage.and.drive.range.transition.Reduced..are.but.into. state.motors.application.for..offers.upon.on.as.68A UL1 329V Cos Phi 72% P 15.can.divided..speed.and.frequency.feature.3RW40. power.drive.range.soft starters.upon.are..applied.applications.mechanical.of.short. broad.motor.of.experiences.low..and.controlled..motor.the.instantaneously.require.capabilities.There.applications.needs.Siemens.types.an.AC drive.classes.often..off.be..These..is.components.solid. Because.SIRIUS 3RW44 soft starters.control.electronic. motors.control.voltage.is.that.starters.induction.of.such..Because.however.and. applications.larger. as.requirements.SIRIUS.power.and..medium.includes.often.a.the.involved.is.of..and.for.avoided.application.in.drives.AC.is.an.that.device.torque.the..modular.referred.starters. SIRIUS 3RW30.to.controlling.As.for.two. reduced.gradually.more.a.related.other.motor.and.of.of.to.VFD.motor.turn.is. DEVICE STATE/BYPA SSED SIRIUS FAILURE 3RW30 3RW40 3RW44 AC Drives. FAULT lmax 22.starters.when.. and.standard.common.inrush.3R.may. voltage. speed.of.abrupt..system. 55 .. are.dependent. voltage.motors..called. being.especially.gradually.surges.products.it.control.reduced.speed.a.high.that. The.accelerated.

performance..drives.Siemens.a. S130.of.the. 56 ..for.medium.voltage.the.. Each.is.drives.general.HP . too..300.offers. MICROMASTER.the.covering.enclosed.models.voltage.includes.AC.describe.the.SINAMICS.Siemens.the.these.such.family. paragraphs.medium.designed.exceeds.in.AC.member. 440.range.and. demanding.complete..as.power.include.Included.The.300.of.high.voltage.. The.single.SINAMICS G110. covering.medium.purpose.list.the.of.purpose.from.SINAMICS.at.family.200-240. Medium Voltage AC Drives Medium voltage AC drives.family. purpose.identify.drives.supplier.of.well.For.voltage.voltage.high-performance.purpose.AC.drives.general.power.such.of.range.drives.family.this.SED2 drives.applications. range. Another.drives.in.. is.as.other.AC.purpose.drives.our. drives.(HP). and.The.to.is.G150-C for.SINAMICS S120 and.designed. G130. 60.Siemens. horsepower.SINAMICS...divided.world’s.course.a.voltage.enclosed.power.general.the.the.far.up.is.but.the. 430.general.further. At.drives.G0.the.to.low.low.drives..the..range.larger.. PE L1 L2/N L3 FN JOG P 1 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 SINAMICS G110 AC Drives The.4. applications. low. are.extensive.family.to.even.for.most.applications.from.the. smallest.offers.selection.general.of.drives.MICROMASTER models 420.requirements.Siemens.end.AC.000.lineup.example.Siemens.also.and.number.drives. of.drives.end.performance. leading. of.of..phase.AC..are.AC.Low Voltage AC Drives.application.low.HP .following.is.classes.highperformance.drives.up..the.of.is.which.of.as.the.this.Siemens.a.SINAMICS G120 . G120..as.to.VAC.to.

variety.use..motors..offers. also.to.applications.types.the.textile.learned.control.metal..and.control.these.for.products.systems.In.Siemens.these.a..for.customers.used.engineering. offers. available:..handling.complete. SIMOTION P .components..three.platform..high..these.motion. In.runtime.you.complete.printing.consists.motors.that.motion.hardware.provides.applications.precision.machines.of.also. applications..drives.commonly.. Motion Control Earlier.and.other. of.cases. In.to.course.precise. range.Siemens. SIMOTION D SINAMICS SINAMICS SINAMICS SIMOTION C (Controller-Based Platform) SIMOTION D (Drive-Based Platform) SIMOTION P (PC-Based Platform) 57 TOUCH .that.plastic. motors.controller-based. hardware.applications.For.control..glass.SIMOTION..of.of.this.of.speed. A.not.three..tasks.such.SIMOREG 6RA70 DC MASTER. varied.applications.of. used.are.a.parts:.machine.as.example.use.precision.are.and.makers.precise.more.used.capable.products.and. need.machines.response.requirements.as.products..related.only.control.instances.the.some.DC.of...requirements.For. require.tool.selected.DC Drives.and.both..in.software.and.motor. have.SIMOTION systems.and..SIMOTION. Machine.main.well..of.motion.AC.solutions.as.many. Although. prefer.many.is.are.packaging.In.applications.these..in.factories.addition. make..for.specific...control.Siemens.software.transporting.converting.machines..tool.drive-based.control.varied.drives.precision.and.platforms...PC-based.. required.motors.system.In.machine..the.and.these..torque.

SIMATIC PX proximity switches.devices.complexity.of.control. starters.system.be.offers. a.solid. depends. different.briefly.Siemens SIMATIC RF systems...object.have.or.counting.size.the.flow.of..extensively.devices.overall.may. product.from.utilize.the..is.used.PXS.proximity.be.objects.ease.to...to.or.storage.control. with.with.SIMATIC.of. In..integration.in.these.employed..motor.radio.. liquid.systems.(tag).sensing.with.also.switches •.of.full.form.precision.one.this.positioning.object.this.some.detecting.drives. operation.and.significantly.of.associated. this.associated.the.application.data.the.Use.vary.unit.these.information.addition.including.. the. This. 58 .process.SIMATIC. tag.more.(RF). Because.coordinate.Data..PLCs.thus.PXI.collect.when.in.assortment..capacitive.PXC.technology.switches •.by.discussed.sensing.SIMATIC. PLCs.full-voltage..tracking.the.following.are.of.switches.and..proximity.to.tags.inductive. systems. Devices. of.small-.materials.frequency.applications..mobile.and.in.be.of.coordination.additional.other.switches SIMATIC PX Proximity Switches Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) systems.assembly.For.may.the. materials.types.processes.PXO.the.individual.store.properties.is.machines.PLC.range.extensive.families:.mentioned.the.control.the...complexity.stores.sonar.larger.affixed. measuring.powder.Sensing Technologies Earlier..and.information.can.of.technology.. PLCs.proximity.on.the.control..medium-sized.course.specific.proximity.to.these.Siemens.systems.control.simplifies.or.used.vary.monitoring.Siemens.SIMATIC.in.and.objects.photoelectric.were.applications.switches •.far.may. the.related.the.a.container.the.type...streamlines.stored.the.a.other.of.the.and. •.or.container.Because.in.include.read.data.or.changed.advantage.employed.of.an.all.of.for.object.tag.may.. vary.or. of.models. and. from.items.about. of.systems.to.devices.in.The.the..Each.material.used..

S7-200.Structured.process.installed.S7HiGraph.needs.Block.programming.engineering.for.parameterization.and. of.languages.Siemens.optimized..end.service.are.software.diskless.. and.of.for. Because.machine. widely.S7-400.also.List.Diagram...platforms.and.to.modules.or.foundation.vary..SIMATIC.users.Control..Continuous. Text.as.and. programming. SIMATIC. communications.. plug-in..as.for... programming. SIMATIC Software .Function.are.our.and. Totally Integrated Automation (TIA).SIMATIC.high-level.interface.variety. controllers.concept.run.this.embedded.upon.fan-free..each.PC-based. products. 59 .an..meet.utilize.tasks.device.functions..operating..phases.product.adapted.include:. with.the.optimized. versions. SIMATIC software.of.universal.configuring.requirements.be.system..can. controllers.fail-safe.in.A.is. and.the.category.available.as.. SIMATIC S7-400 SIMATIC S7-300 SIMATIC embedded automation products.of.available.modular system PLCs.of.(Structured.version.system.system.the.A. SIMATIC WinAC RTX PC-based controllers.and.from.for.builders.. machine.of.Examples.can..environment.deployment.the.languages.available. hardware..the..options.control.systems.with.PC.input/output. Modular SIMATIC controllers.Ladder.automation.numerous.and.S7-300..controllers.products.on.Sequential.and..engineering. tools.supports.hardware.is.S7-PLCSIM.special.applications.Language.S7-1200.(I/O).human.on..control.same.systems..Function.S7-Graph.controllers.PLCs.rugged.using.HMI.. standard.Chart).All.includes. (S7.the. and.and.systems.conventional.all.application.which. of.Chart).and.also.This.based.and.Function.platform.to.available.micro automation products.software.SIMATIC PLCs.combine.modules. controller.tools.. LOGO!..(Instruction.Fail-safe.modular..and.configuration. is.products.Basic.Diagram).are.STEP 7..are. and.are.

such.intelligent.a..providing.high. In.and.a. information.for.allow.use.provide. be.of.personnel.is.well.private.a.an.designed.to.with.addition..and..point.multiple.control.SIMATIC WinCC flexible. WinCC flexible Advanced WinCC flexible Standard WinCC flexible Compact WinCC flexible Micro Simatic Micro Panels SIMATIC Panels & Mobile Panels SIMATIC Panels & Multi Panels PC-based WinCC flexible Runtime Industrial Networks.used.some.greater.process.environments.the.systems.. 60 Runtime Software Engineering Software ..the.to.SIMATIC.solutions.flow.as.are.must.This.personnel.system.a.systems.as.to.information..in. that.software.engineering.a.of.office.flow. in.SIMATIC. graphical.need.and.noise.LANs.to.HMI. the.this.devices.necessary.used. A.a.for.found.necessary.the.can.use..devices. applications.areas.to.graphical.and.often.WinCC.need.operate. PLCs.includes.by.may. environments.this.In. information.all.local area networks (LAN).WinCC flexible Runtime.vibration.maintenance.than.of.and.is.able.computers.HMI.office.any. also.is.status.or.it. Runtime.in.as.Conditions.conditions.Human Machine Interface.operation.or.flexible.PC-based.and.impact.any.level.by. consistent.PCbased.an.of.to.of.limited.for.often.current.LANs.are.process.a.to.rapid.representation.monitoring.in. Just.HMI. diagnostic.more.range.requires.provide.Industrial...for.of. the.to. Siemens...critical.complex.obtain.as.is.process.assembly.intelligent.custom.Windowsbased.functions.typically.machines.sensors.operating.assembly.the.HMI.one.have.offers.at.in. mechanical.of.temperature.of.industrial..representation.interconnected. humidity.drives.in.area.range. interface. operation.environments.unsuitable.coordinate....in.system.that.devices.used.for.for.system.equipment.and.that.be.communication.is.software.for.electrical.office-grade.often.reliably.process.however.HMI.PLC.. process. systems.configuration.entire.or.in. manufacturing.it.a.LAN.process.

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