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*13-20. The 10-lb block A travels to the right at VA = 2 ftl s at the instant shown. If the coefficient of kinetic friction is ILk = 0.2 between the surface and A, determine the velocity of A when it has moved 4 ft. Block B has a weight of 20 lb.

Block A:

T = 7.331b

T

T

A

B

WeightB:

20 - 2T = C~~2)aB

(1)

(2)

(3)

Ans.

Kinematics:

Solving Eqs. (1)-(3): aA = -17.173ft/s2

aB = 8.587 ft/s2

v2 = (2)2 + 2(17.173)(4 - 0)

v = 11.9 ft/s

.,..T

,

'-::.

6 ""O·2N

f = o.Z(lOJ=2Ib

N=IOlb

ZOlb

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13-23. The 2-kg shaft CA passes through a smooth journal bearing at B. Initially, the springs, which are coiled loosely around the shaft, are unstretched when no force is applied to the shaft. In this position s = s' = 250 mm and the shaft is at rest. If a horizontal force of F = 5 kN is applied, determine the speed of the shaft at the instant s = 50 mm, s' = 450 mm. The ends of the springs are attached to the bearing at B and the caps at C and A.

=5kN

F CB = kCBx = 3000x

F AB = kABX = 2000x

5000 - 3000x - 2000x = 2a

2500 - 2500x = a

a dx - vdv

r: r

Jo (2500 - 2500x) dx = Jo v dv

(2500(0.2)2) v2

2500(0.2) - 2 = "2

v = 30m/s

Ans.

a...

(

~!~~[]~( __ F __ =5000N fie, = Z,OOOx-

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13-34. In the cathode-ray tube, electrons having a mass m are emitted from a source point S and begin to travel horizontally with an initial velocity vo. While passing between the grid plates a distance l, they are subjected to a vertical force having a magnitude eV/w, where e is the charge of an electron, V the applied voltage acting across the plates, and w the distance between the plates. After passing clear of the plates, the electrons then travel in straight lines and strike the screen at A. Determine the deflection d of the electrons in terms of the dimensions of the voltage plate and tube. Neglect gravity which causes a slight vertical deflection when the electron travels from S to the screen, and the slight deflection between the plates.

t1 is the time between plates.

t2 is the tune to reach screen.

eV -=ma

w y

eV

a =--

y mw

During t1 constant acceleration,

( + i) v = Vo + act

Vy = aytl = (!)CJ

During time tz, ay = 0

d = Vy tz = (~)(!::_)

mwvo Vo

d = eVLl v~wm

Ans.

203

T

d

1

*13-36. Blocks A and B each have a mass m. Determine the largest horizontal force P which can be applied to B so that A will not move relative to B. All surfaces are smooth.

Require

Block A:

+i2:Fy=O;

BlockB:

N cosO - mg = 0

NsinO = ma

a = g tan 0

P - NsinO = ma

P - mgtanO = mgtanO

P = 2mgtanO

p

204

Ans.

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13-42. Block A has a mass rnA and is attached to a spring having a stiffness k and unstretched length 10• If another block B, having a mass rnB, is pressed against A so that the spring deforms a distance d, determine the distance both blocks slide on the smooth surface before they begin to separate. What is their velocity at this instant?

Block A:

-k(x - d) - N = rnA aA

BlockB:

Since aA = aB = a,

ked - x)

a=

(rnA + rnB)

krnB (d - x)

N = -,-.=....:.-----:'-

(rnA + rnB)

N = 0 when d - x = 0, or

x=d

Ans.

1v 1d ked - x)

vdv = dx

o (rnA + rnB)

1 k [ 1 Jd 1 kd2

-v2 = (d) x - -x2 = -::-:-----:-

2 (rnA + rnB) 2 0 2(rnA + rnB)

Ans.

1.0 ((l" ~
1-d
)
tJ..
~
~ .L ~ _,
. "' ,"'
G
i~
X. N

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