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This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*13-20. The 10-lb block A travels to the right at VA = 2 ftl s at the instant shown. If the coefficient of kinetic friction is ILk = 0.2 between the surface and A, determine the velocity of A when it has moved 4 ft. Block B has a weight of 20 lb.

Block A:

T = 7.331b

T

T

A

B

WeightB:

20 - 2T = C~~2)aB

(1)

(2)

(3)

Ans.

Kinematics:

Solving Eqs. (1)-(3): aA = -17.173ft/s2

aB = 8.587 ft/s2

v2 = (2)2 + 2(17.173)(4 - 0)

v = 11.9 ft/s

.,..T

,

'-::.

6 ""O·2N

f = o.Z(lOJ=2Ib

N=IOlb

ZOlb

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© 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

13-23. The 2-kg shaft CA passes through a smooth journal bearing at B. Initially, the springs, which are coiled loosely around the shaft, are unstretched when no force is applied to the shaft. In this position s = s' = 250 mm and the shaft is at rest. If a horizontal force of F = 5 kN is applied, determine the speed of the shaft at the instant s = 50 mm, s' = 450 mm. The ends of the springs are attached to the bearing at B and the caps at C and A.

=5kN

F CB = kCBx = 3000x

F AB = kABX = 2000x

5000 - 3000x - 2000x = 2a

2500 - 2500x = a

a dx - vdv

r: r

Jo (2500 - 2500x) dx = Jo v dv

(2500(0.2)2) v2

2500(0.2) - 2 = "2

v = 30m/s

Ans.

a...

(

~!~~[]~( __ F __ =5000N fie, = Z,OOOx-

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13-34. In the cathode-ray tube, electrons having a mass m are emitted from a source point S and begin to travel horizontally with an initial velocity vo. While passing between the grid plates a distance l, they are subjected to a vertical force having a magnitude eV/w, where e is the charge of an electron, V the applied voltage acting across the plates, and w the distance between the plates. After passing clear of the plates, the electrons then travel in straight lines and strike the screen at A. Determine the deflection d of the electrons in terms of the dimensions of the voltage plate and tube. Neglect gravity which causes a slight vertical deflection when the electron travels from S to the screen, and the slight deflection between the plates.

t1 is the time between plates.

t2 is the tune to reach screen.

eV -=ma

w y

eV

a =--

y mw

During t1 constant acceleration,

( + i) v = Vo + act

Vy = aytl = (!)CJ

During time tz, ay = 0

d = Vy tz = (~)(!::_)

mwvo Vo

d = eVLl v~wm

Ans.

203

T

d

1

*13-36. Blocks A and B each have a mass m. Determine the largest horizontal force P which can be applied to B so that A will not move relative to B. All surfaces are smooth.

Require

Block A:

+i2:Fy=O;

BlockB:

N cosO - mg = 0

NsinO = ma

a = g tan 0

P - NsinO = ma

P - mgtanO = mgtanO

P = 2mgtanO

p

204

Ans.

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13-42. Block A has a mass rnA and is attached to a spring having a stiffness k and unstretched length 10• If another block B, having a mass rnB, is pressed against A so that the spring deforms a distance d, determine the distance both blocks slide on the smooth surface before they begin to separate. What is their velocity at this instant?

Block A:

-k(x - d) - N = rnA aA

BlockB:

Since aA = aB = a,

ked - x)

a=

(rnA + rnB)

krnB (d - x)

N = -,-.=....:.-----:'-

(rnA + rnB)

N = 0 when d - x = 0, or

x=d

Ans.

v dv = adx

1v 1d ked - x)

vdv = dx

o (rnA + rnB)

1 k [ 1 Jd 1 kd2

-v2 = (d) x - -x2 = -::-:-----:-

2 (rnA + rnB) 2 0 2(rnA + rnB)

Ans.

1.0 ((l" ~
1-d
)
tJ..
~
~ .L ~ _,
. "' ,"'
G
i~
X. N

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