bm0em'DyeD

rmwdum
tbd,mpu ESifh y#dnmOf
bm0em 40-t"dyÜg,ftusOf;
bm0em 40-aqmifyk'fukd tusOf;jyqkdcef;
'ku©rsKd;pkH tyg,f 4-bkH
i&JbkHçi&JBuD; 8-xyf
i&JBuD; 8-xyf tuGmta0;
Oó'i&Ji,f 4-xyf
NydwåmtrsdK;rsdK;
tok&um,ftrsdK;rsdK;
wd&pämeftrsdK;rsdK;
ecodcokwf jrefrmjyef
umPupäaygyrokwf jrefrmjyef
ygVdçt|uxmwdkY\ t"dyÜg,f
twå'd|daMumifh tyg,fbkHüjzpf&ykH
tEkyóemÓPfjzifh y,ftyfaomw&m;rsm;
pGJvrf;wwfaom w&m; 3-yg;

pJGvrf;aom tjcif;t&m 3-yg;
pGJvrf;&m 0w¬K 3-yg;
½kyfemrfwkdYü edrdwå[k pGJvrf;ykH
tedpömEkyóemÓPf
½kyfü tedpömEkyóemÓPfzGifhenf;
ukefqkH;rI jrifatmifMunfhykH
jzpfyGg;rI jrifatmifMunfhykH
Oyg'fçbifçtmumo[laom"r®BuD;ukd jrifatmifMunfhykH
tedpövu©Pmudk rxifjrifEkdifyHk
"mwfBuD; 4-yg;ç "r®BuD; 3-yg;wdkYudk rodrjrifEdkifyHk
32- aum|moü "mwfcGJykH
qHyifü "mwf 3-yg;edrdwf 2-yg; cGJykH
qHyifü Oyg'g½kyf 4-yg; cGJykH
edpöudpöç twåudpö rnfykH
oP²meedrdwfç oEÅwdedrdwfwdkYü edpö*kPfowådç
twå*kPfowåd r½SdyHk
twår[kwfç tvdkodkYrvdkufyHk
xkd£&d,mykxfBuD; 4-yg; um,BuD; 4-yg;

tmumoy&dapä'BuD; 1-yg;wkdYü ½lyu©E¨mcGJenf;
£&d,mykxf 4-yg;ESifh ½lyu©E¨mü tedpövu©Pm
rSef&dyfOyrmESifh um,BuD; 4-yg;
oGm;rIü um,BuD; 4-yg;\ tydkif;tjcm;udk½IykH
tom;pdkifponfü jzpfysuf½I&yHk
OD;acgif;½kd;ü um,BuD; 4-yg; jzpfysufyHk
OD;aESmufcJü um,BuD; 4-yg; jzpfysuf½IyHk
,rf;rD;awmufBuD;udk 2-rsdK; jrifyHk
0dnmOf\vdrfrIBuD; pdwå0dyv’moudk y,f½Sm;ykH
&yfjcif;ü um,BuD; 4-yg; jzpfysufaeykH
rsufawmifcwfrIü r[mbkwfum,BuD; 4-yg; jzpfysufaeykH
touf½SLrIü r[mbkwfum,BuD; 4-yg; jzpfysuf½IykH
xdkifjcif;ü um,BuD; 4-yg; jzpfysufaeykH
avsmif;jcif;ü um,BuD; 4-yg; jzpfysufaeykH
emru©E¨m 4-yg;wdkYü tedpövu©Pm
0dnmPu©E¨mü t"dyÜg,ftusOf;
a0'emu©E¨mü t"dyÜg,ftusOf;
onmu©E¨mü t"dyÜg,ftusOf;

0dnmPfajcmufjzm 0dnmPu©E¨mü tedpövu©Pm
0dnmPu©E¨m\ a½SUoGm;acgif;aqmifjzpfykH
'ku©o[*kwf um,0dnmPf emru©E¨m 4-yg;jzpfykH
or®m'd|dESifh rdpäm'd|djcm;em;csuf
½kyfemrf ra&m,Sufjcif;udk Oyrmjzifh jyjcif;
ajcusOf;0wfponfü emru©E¨m 4-yg; jzpfysufrI
okco[*kwfum,0dnmPf emru©E¨m 4-yg;ukdjyqkdcef;
ajct*Fgponfü emru©E¨m 4-yg; jzpfysufykH
Zd0Sg0dnmPf emru©E¨m 4-yg;ukd jyqkdcef;
Cme0dnmPfemru©E¨m 4-yg;udkjyqdkcef;
aomw0dnmPfemru©E¨m 4-yg;ukd jyqkdcef;
pu©K0dnmPf emru©E¨m 4-yg;udk jyqdkcef;
raem0dnmPf emru©E¨m 4-yg;ukd jyqkdcef;
avmutvdk yk*¾dKvfowå0gudpö jzpfykH
emrfcE¨mrsm; jzpfç ysufç ajymif;a&GUrI vsifjrefykH
emru©E¨mtvdkuf ESvkH;aoG;jzpfykH
raem0dnmPfemru©E¨mü 'd|dodESifhÓPfodcJGykH
aZmpdwft&omü om,maom wPSmtrsKd;rsKd;

0dnmPf 6-jzm emru©E¨m 4-yg;wkdY ukd,fcE¨mü jzpfaeykH
vu©Pma&; 3-yg;
edpöedrdwf jyqkdcsuf
tedpövu©Pmukd jyqkdcsuf
tedpö0dyóemukd jyqkdcsuf
'ku©0dyóemokH;yg;ukd jyqkdcef;
'ku©vu©Pm yXrcef;ukd jyqkdcsuf
'ku©vu©Pm 'kwd,cef;
'ku©vu©Pm wwd,cef;
'ku©vu©Pm pwkw¬cef;
'ku©vu©Pm yOörcef;
'ku©0dyóemudkjyqdkcef;
twåedrdwf tjcif;t&m
yk*¾KdvfESifh cE¨mig;yg;
tedpövu©PmjrifvQif
edpöç twåedrdwf uG,faysmufjcif;
tBudKuf 3-rsdK;
yk*¾KdvftvkdESifh "r®tvkd qefYusifykH

orm"dtEÅ&m,f wnfaxmifrI
ya,m*pJGuyfoltoGif 'd|dtjrif
udavom aomif;usef;ykH
bm0em 40-t"dyÜg,f tus,fukd jyqkdcef;
tewåvu©Pm 5-yg;
'ku©vu©Pm 25-yg;ü
1-'ku©tjypfudkjyqdkcef;
2-b,udk jyqdkcef;
3-þwd udk jyqdkcef;
4-Oy'´0udk jyqdkcef;
5-Oyo*¾udk jyqdkcef;
6-9/ ov’ç a&m*ç tmA"ç *@wkdYukdjyqkdcef;
10-tC ukd jyqkdcef;
11-twmP tjypfudkjyqdkcef;
12- tavP udk jyqdkcef;
13-to&Pudk jyqdkcef;
14-tm'De0udk jyqdkcef;
15-tCrlv tjypfudkjyqdkcef;

16-0"u tjypfudkjyqdkcef;
17-omo0udk jyqdkcef;
18-rm&mrdoudkjyqdkcef;
19-Zmwd"r® tjypfudkjyqdkcef;
20-Z&m"r® tjypfudkjyqdkcef;
21-Asm"d"r® tjypf
22- aomu"r®udk jyqdkcef;
23-24/ y&da'0"r®ESifh
25/ oHudavodu tjypfudkjyqdkcef;
pdwf[laom tcsKyftcsmy"mew&m;BuD;\tvm;udkjyqdkcef;
cE¨mig;yg; tedpö 'ku© tewå jzpfyHk
i&JBuD;&Spfxyf t"dyÜg,ftus,f
i&JBuD;&Spfxyf
1-oOÆdK0f; i&JBuD;\ tjcif;t&mudk jyqdkcef;
2/ umVokwfi&JBuD;\ tjcif;t&mudk jyqdkcef;
3-oHCmwi&JBuD;\ tjcif;t&mukd jyqdkcef;
4-a&m½k0i&JBuD;\ tjcif;t&mudk jyqdkcef;
5-r[ma&m½k0i&JBuD;\ tjcif;t&mudkjyqdkcef;

6-wmye i&JBuD;\ tjcif;t&mudk jyqdkcef;
7-r[mwmye i&JBuD;\ tjcif;t&mudk jyqdkcef;
8-r[mt0pDi&JBuD;\ tjcif;t&mudkjyqdkcef;
Oó'i&JBuD; ig;xyfudk jyqdkcef;
i&Jolowå0gwdkY 'ku©cH&ykH
32-yg;aom ur®u&P
(uHMur®m 32-yg;)
i&Jcef;trsdK;rsdK;
i&JBuD;½SpfxyfwkdY\ toufwrf;
i&Jjynfoufwrf; pdppfcsuf
Nydwåm tok&um,fwdkYudk t>rufrQ jyqdkcef;
tyg,fbHkwdkYonf ykxkZOfowå0gwdkY\pdwfrS
jzpfyHkudk jyqdkcef;
t0dZÆmry,fu tE¨Amv jzpf&jyefjcif;
ed*Hk; 3-*gxm
bm0em'DyeDusrf; NyD;NyD/
--------- Ä ---------

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

1

bm0em'DyeD
earm wó b*0awm t&[awm
or®morÁK'ó
¨ /
tbd , mpu ES i f h y#d n mOf
jrefrmouú&mZf 1266-ck? uqkev
f twGi;f ysOrf em;NrKd Utkyf
armifbkd;jr yifhavQmufcsufESifh tnm rkH½GmNrdKUrS vma&mufí
ysOf;rem;NrdKU prf;usawmausmif;wGif xkdESpftwGif; oDwif;0guyf
qkdaexkdif&m &efukefNrdKU ykZGefawmif awmifvkH;jyef&yfae "mwf
q&mBuD ; q&mNrd K UUonf vma&mufí 0gwGif;okH;vywfvkH;
OykofoDwif; apmifhxdef;íaepOftcg bm0emav;q,fESifh
pyfvsOf;í Mum;em&aom "r®uxm a'oem pum;rsm;ukd rdrdESifh
tvm;wl ½Sifvltaygif;wkdYtm; Mum;em odjrif qifjcifyGg;rsm;
ESvkH;xm;Muygapjcif;iSg pmtkyfa&;wif pD&ifcsD;ajr§mufygrnfh
taMumif; awmif;yefavQmufxm;onfjzpfí rk½H mG NrKd U v,fwaD wm
ausmif;q&m igonf bm0emav;q,fwkdY\ teuft"dyÜg,fukd
rus,rf usO;f ESv;Hk oGi;f Ekid Mf u&ef twefi,f xkwaf z:zGijhf yaytH/h

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

2

bm0em 40-t"dyÜg,ftusOf;
bm0em 40-aqmifyk'fukd tusOf;jyqkdcef;
cE¨m 5-yg;/ / cE¨mwkdYonf1/ ½lyu©aE¨m=½kyftpk[laom ½lyu©E¨m vnf;aumif;/
2/ a0'emu©aE¨m=cHpm;rItpk[laom a0'emu¨E¨mvnf;
aumif;/
3/ onmu©aE¨m=trSwjf yKí odrt
I pk[al om onmu©Em¨
vnf;aumif;/
4/ ocFg&u©aE¨m=pdwf\ aphaqmfrIç jyKjyifrI tpk[laom
ocFg&u©Em¨ vnf;aumif;/
5/ 0dnmPu©aE¨m=tm½kHukd axGaxGxl;xl; odrItpk[l
aom 0dnmPu©E¨mvnf;aumif;/
£ar=þonfwkdYum;? yOöu©E¨m=ig;yg;aom cE¨mwkdYwnf;/
tedpövu©Pm 10-yg;
10-yg;/ / £ar yOöuE© m¨ =þig;yg;aom
cE¨mwkdYonf1/
tedpöm=NrJjcif;oabm r½Sdukef/
2/
t"k0g=ckdifrmjcif;oabm r½Sdukef/
3/
tom&m=tESpfom& r½Sdukef/
4/
pvm=a½GU½Sm;wwfukef\/
5/
yavmu"r®m=ysufpD;jcif;oabm ½Sdukef\/
6/
0dy&dPmr "r®m=azmufjyefjcif;oabm ½Sdukef\/
7/
r&P "r®m=aoqkH;jcif;oabm ½Sdukef\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

3

8/ 0db0 "r®m=qkH;½IH;jcif;oabm ½Sdukef\/
9/ ocFwm=tzefzef jyKjyiftyfukef\/
10/ yb*Fkaem=z½kdz&J NydKuGJjcif;oabm ½Sdukef\/
tedpöH=tedpövu©Pm q,fyg;wnf;/
'ku©vu©Pm 25-yg;
25-yg;/ / £ar yÍöu©E¨m=þig;yg;aom
cE¨mwkdYonf1/ 'ku©m=,kwfrm npfqkd; 'ku©rsKd;wkdYomwnf;/
2/ b,m=aMumufzG,fnpfqkd; ab;&efrsKd;wkdYom
wnf;/
3/ þwD=xdwfvefYpzG,f tEÅ&m,frsKd;wkdYomwnf;/
4/ Oy'´0g=vGefpGmuyf&yf ESdyfpufwwfaom Oy'frsKd;
wko
Yd mwnf;/
5/ Oyo*¾g=wG,w
f mpGu
J yf ESyd pf ufwwfaom Oy'frsK;d
wko
Yd mwnf;/
6/ a&m*g=usifemnpfqkd; a&m*grsKd;wkdYomwnf;/
7/ tmAm"m=ESdyfpufnpfqkd; temrsKd;wkdYomwnf;/
8/ *@m=rzG,½f yk q
f if; xGwjf rif;temrsK;d wko
Yd mwnf;/
9/ ov’m=pl;0ifnpfqkd; jrm;ajimifhrsKd;wkdYomwnf;/
10/ tCm=tusKd;,kwfç tusKd;rJhrsKd;omwnf;/
£ar yOöu©E¨m=þig;yg;aom cE¨mwkdYonf11/ twmPm=apmifha½SmufrJhvQif; ab;\toif;wkdY
omwnf;/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD
12/
13/
14/
15/
16/
17/
18/
19/

20/
21/
22/
23/
24/

4

tavPm=uG,fumrJhvQif; ab;\toif;wkdY
omwnf;/
to&Pm=ukd;&mrJhvQif; ab;\toif;wkdYom
wnf;/
tm'De0g=qkd;0g;npfusK tjypfpkwkdYomwnf;/
tCrlvm=usK;d rJch yif; qif;&Jjcif;\ t&if;tjrpfwYdk
omwnf;/
0"um=vlçewfçjA[®mçowå0gukd em&Drvyf twGif
owfonfh olowfrsKd;½kd;omwnf;/
omo0g=tmoa0gw&m; av;yg;wk\
Yd tpD;tyGg;
wko
Yd mwnf;/
rm&mrdom=udavomrm&fç rpöKrm&fwkdY\ pm;zwfç
0g;zwf okH;oyf eif;e,f&mwkdYomwnf;/
Zmwd "r®m=owå0gukd rn§mriJh t½GJUtapmif;
raumif; qkd;npf jzpfcsifwwfwkdif; jzpfwwfaom
oabm½Sdukef\/
Z&m "r®m=qkw,
f w
k f avsmyh g;jcif;oabm ½Su
d ek \
f /
Asm"d"r®m=emjcif;oabm½Sdukef\/
aomu "r®m=pkd;&drfylyef&jcif;oabm ½Sdukef\/
y&d a '0 "r® m =ik d a <u;jrnf w rf ; &jcif ; oabm
½Su
d ek \
f /
Oyg,mo "r®m=oufBuD;½SKdufiif yifyef;&jcif;
oabm ½Sdukef\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD
25/

5

oHudavodu "r®m=wPSmç 'd|dç 'kpö&dw-wnf;[l
aom npfEGrf;jcif; okH;yg;ukd yGg;pD;apwwfaom
oabm½Sdukef\/
'ku©H='ku©vu©Pm ESpfq,fhig;yg;wnf;/

tewå vu©Pm 5-yg;/ / £ar yOöu©E¨m=þig;yg;aom
cE¨mwkdYwnf;1/
2/
3/
4/
5/

tewåm=ukd,fr[kwfukef? tpkd;r&ukef? tvkdokdY
rvku
d u
f ek /f
ya&=tuRrf;0ifjcif; tNrJuif;aom olpdrf;jyifywkdY
omwnf;/
&dwåm=tESpfom& [lorQESifh jrLpçr,SOf tpOfqdwf
uif;aom w&m;wkdYomwnf;/
wkpmä =aumif;jrwfcsr;f om r*Fvmokc [lorQEiS hf jrLp
reD; tcsnf;ESD;aom w&m;wkdYomwnf;/
oknm=axmuf&mwnf&m ukd;uG,f&mrsKd; wpkd;wpd
r½SdvkH;vkH; tokH;rusaom w&m;wkdYomwnf;/
tewåm=tewåvu©Pm ig;yg;wnf;/

tedpövu©Pm 10-yg;ç 'ku©vu©Pm 25-yg;ç tewå
vu©Pm 5-yg;? bm0em 40-jzpf\/
bm0em 40- aqmifyk'f NyD;\/
------ Ä ------

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

6

'ku©rsKd;pkH tyg,f 4-bkH
þ qk d v wå H U onf u m; txuf a qmif y k ' f w k d Y u k d u suf í
EIwfwuf½G½G ausausBuD;&aomtcgü xkdaqmifyk'fwkdYESifh wkduf
qkdifí odjrifxifvif;&maom o½kyft"dyÜg,f tus,fjyqkd
cef;wnf;/

i&JbkHçi&JBuD; 8-xyf
oOÆ d K 0f ; çumv? oCF m w? 'G , -a&m½k 0 g/
wmye-'G d ? t0D p d ? wnf ½ S d i&J ½ G m /
igwkdYpD&ifonfh ]]y&rw¬
y&rw¬ o H c d y f }} bkHykdif;wGifvmaom
vuFmoHayguf/
1/
oOÆdK0f; i&JBuD;?
2/
umvokwf i&JBuD;?
3/
oCFmw i&JBuD;?
4/
a&m½k0 i&JBuD;?
5/
r[ma&m½k0 i&JBuD;?
6/
wmye i&JBuD;?
7/
r[mwmye i&JBuD;?
8/
t0Dpd i&JBuD;?
þum; ZrÁL'DyguRef;\ atmufüwnf½Sdaom i&JBuD;½Spf
bkw
H nf;/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

7

i&JBuD; 8-xyf tuGmta0;
aomif ; ig;axmif p D ? ocsF m nD ? ½S p f v D - jcm;tuG m /
¤if;oHayguf/
vlUjynfrS atmuf,lZem wpfaomif;ig;axmiftuGmwGif
oOÆdK0f; i&JBuD; wnf½Sd\/
¤if;atmuf ,lZemwpfaomif;ig;axmifpD uGmjcm;í
<uif;aom i&JBu;D ckepfbw
Hk o
Ydk nfvnf; tqifq
h ifh wnfMuuke\
f /
atmufq;Hk jzpfaom t0Dpid &JBu;D onf odvmyx0Dajray:ü
wnf\/
tvsm;teH ,lZemwpf&mpD ESifESif ½SdMu\/

Oó'i&Ji,f 4-xyf
bif ç jymçvuf ç oef ? tpOf & H ? av;wef - Oó'g/
¤if;oHayguf/
1/
2/
3/
4/

bifykyfi&J?
jymyli&J?
vufyHawmi&J?
oefvsuft½Guf½Sdaom opfyifawmi&J?
Oó'i&JBuD; av;xyfwnf;/
teH,lZemwpf&mpD ½SdMu\? i&JBuD;½SpfxyfwkdY\ jyifzufü

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

8

twGi;f rSpí tpOftwkid ;f tqifq
h ifyh wfíywfí wnf½MdS uaom
Oó'i&JBuD;av;xyfwnf;/
xkdOó'i&JBuD;wkdY\ jyifzufwcGifü Budrfykdufacsmif;i&Jç
avm[ukrDÇ i&Jtp½Su
d ek af om rsm;pGmaom i&JrsK;d wko
Yd nf 0ef;&Hí
wnf½SdMuukef\? wpfckwpfckaom i&JbkHBuD;onf ZrÁL'DyguRef;ESifh
trQ ,lZemwpfaomif;pD ½SMd u\? atmufq;Hk jzpfaom t0Dpid &JBu;D ü
cHaeMuukefaom owå0gwkdYonf 0g;usnfawmufü xnfhxm;tyf
aom rken
Yf i§ ;f aphuo
hJ Ydk xdpyfjynfEh u
S í
f aeMuuke\
f [k t|uxm
BuD;wkdYü rdefYqkdMuukef\/
txufi&JBu;D ckepfbw
Hk rYdk mS vnf; xked nf;twl jynfMh uukef
onf [kod&m\/

Nydwåm trsdK;rsdK;
uk,
d w
f iG ;f rSm tNrrJ ;D awmufíaeojzifh ESpaf ygif;tode;f ru
&yf wnfr& ajy;íae&aom NydwåmrsdK;?
ukd,fcE¨mrS vSHawGrsm;pGm tNrJxkd;íaeojzifh ESpfaygif;
todef;ru &yfwnfír& ajy;íaeaom NydwåmrsdK;?
ESpaf ygif;toacsF rsm;pGm½Sní
f xrif;wpfvyk f a&wpfayguf
rQ rawGY&aom NydwåmrsdK;?
tp½So
d jzifh rjrif0hH r½I0hH aMumuf½UHG zG,&f maom 'kuB© u;D ESihf
aeMu &aom NydwåmrsdK; teEÅ ½Sd\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

9

tok&um,f trsdK;rsdK;
tvGeBf u;D aomuk,
d ½f í
dS tyfezg;rQaom vnfacsmif;ayguf
½Sdojzifh pm;cGifhaomufcGifhr& tNrJqmavmifíae&aom umv
uOödu tol&um,f rsdK;tp½Sdaom rMum;0Hh rem0Hh aMumuf½GHUzG,f
&maom 'ku©BuD;awGESifh ESpfaygif; toacFsaeMu&aom tok&um,frsdK; teEŽSd\/

wd & pä m ef t rsd K ;rsd K ;
uke;f wd&pämefrsKd ; teEÅç xkx
d uf tqtoacsF wGuaf &ocsmF
rsm;vSpGmaom a&wd&pämefrsdK; teEŽSd\/
tyg,fbkHom;rsm;jym;ykH-- vlYbkHç ewfbkHç jA[®mbkH[laom
ok*wd ESpfq,fh ckepfbkHwdkYrS owå0gwpfa,mufvQif tyg,f
av;ykHwdkYrS owå0g toacFs,sxm;í EIdif;,SOfonf½Sdaomf ok*wd
ESpq
f ,fch ek pfbüHk owå0g ukeaf v&m\? tyg,fav;bk½H dS owå0gum;
rukefav&m? þrQavmufaom tyg,fav;bkHonf todkufttkH
BuD; us,fvS\/
tb,fhaMumifh þrQavmuf tyg,fav;bkHonf todkuf
ttkH Bu;D us,v
f o
S enf;[lru
l m; --- ecodcokwçf umPupäayg
yrokwf a'oemwdkYjzifh ajzqdk&m\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

10

ecodcokwf jrefrmjye
mjyef
ecodcokwf-- qdkonfum; jrwfpGmbk&m;onf vufonf;
awmfay:ü ajrrIefYwdkYudk wifxm;awmfrlí &[ef;wdkYudk þodkYrdefY
awmfrl\/
cspfom;&[ef;wdkY--- r[myx0DajrBuD;½Sd ajrrIefYESifh ig\
vufonf;awmfay:wGif wif½Sdaom ajrrIefYonf tb,fursm;
oenf;[k ar;awmfrl\? vufonf;awmfay:½Sd ajrrIefYum; tvGef
enf;vSyg\? r[myx0DajrrIeu
Yf m; tvGerf sm;vSyg\[k &[ef;wdu
Yk
avQmufMuukef\/
cspfom;&[ef;wdkY--- xdkYtwlvQif wpfaeYwpfaeYrSm aoqkH;
Muukeaf om owå0gtaygif;wdw
Yk iG f ok*wdbo
Hk Ykd a&mufMuukeaf om
owå0g wdkYum; ig\vufonf;ay:½Sd ajrrIefYuhJodkY tvGefenf;vS
uke\
f ? tyg,fbo
Hk Ykd a&mufMuukeaf om owå0gwdu
Yk m; r[myx0D
ajrBu;D ½Sd ajrrIew
Yf u
Ykd o
Jh Ykd tvGerf sm;vSuek \
f [lí a[mawmfral om
a'oemudk ]]ecodcokwf}} qdkonf/

umPupäaygyrokwf jrefrmjyef
umPupäaygyrokwf qdo
k nfum; &[ef;wdu
Yk akd wmfac: rlí
þodkY a[mawmfrl\/
cspo
f m;&[ef;wdYk ---- r[morkj'mü rsupf Ed pS zf uf tpkyH suf
aom vdyif ,fwpfaumifonf ½S&d m\? r[morkj'm a&twGi;f üom
a&mufrd a&muf&m oGm;íae\? tESpw
f pf&mrS wpfcgç wpfaxmifrS

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

11

wpfcg a&ay:odkY ay:vm\? r[morkj'müyifvQif taygufwpfck
om½Sdaom xrf;ydk;i,f wpfckonf ½Sd&m\? avaqmif&mç vIdif;
aqmif&m av;rsufESmç ½SpfrsufESm arsmyg;vGifhygí ae\? tESpf
wpf&mç tESpw
f pfaxmifrS wpfcgomay:aom vdyif ,f\ OD;acgif;udk
xdkxrf;ydki,ftaygufü pGyfrdEdkif&maom tcGifhonf ½Sd\avm[k
ar;awmfrl\/
pGyfrdEdkif&maom tcGifhr½Sdyg? odkYaomfvnf; uyfurÇmrnf
onf tvGefw&m ½SnfMumvSonfjzpfí vdyfi,fuvnf; rao
raysmufygrlum;ç xrfy;kd i,fuvnf; rykyrf aqG;ygrlum; wpf&w
H pfcg
pGyfrdEdkif&maom tcGifh½Sdyg\[k avQmufMuukef\/
cspfom;&[ef;wdkY--- vdyfumPf; xrf;ydk;pGyfrd&maom tcGifh
onf tvGev
f ,
G v
f yS gao;\? þok*wdbrHk S tyg,fbo
Hk Ykd wpfBurd f
usa&mufav aomol\ þok*wdbkHodkY wpfzefjyefvm&eftcGifh
onf xdkxuftq t&m ruç tqtaxmifru cJ,Of;vS\/
tb,fhaMumifhenf;qdkaomf--- w&m;udkusifhjcif;ç ukodkvf
aumif;rI udkjyKjcif;[laom okp½dkufrIrsdK;[lí tyg,fbkHür½Sd?
Edkif&mEdkif&m owfjzwf n§if;qJí pm;aomufjcif; tp½Sdaom
'kp½ö u
kd rf w
I o
Ykd nf tyg,fbüHk ½Su
d ek \
f ? ukov
kd rf eS ;f ç tukov
kd rf eS ;f yif
rodMu? touf½SnforQ umvywfvkH; 'kp½dkufrIç 'ku©wdkYESifhom
aeMuukef\/
xdkYaMumifh wpfb0xuf wpfb0 jrKyfíjrKyfíom oGm;Mu
ukef\? epfíepfíomvQif oGm;Muukef\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

12

xdkYaMumifh xdkvdyfumPf;xrf;ydk;pGyfrdrIxuf þok*wdbkHrS
tyg,fbkHodkY wpfBudrfusa&mufavaomol\ þok*wdbkHodkY jyef
vm&ef tcGio
hf nf tqt&mruç cJ,Of;vS\[k a[mawmfral om
a'oemonf ]]umP upäaygyrokwf}} rnf\/
þokwfüum;--- tyg,fbkHrSm wpfb0xufwpfb0
0efav;í 0efav;íoGm;aom tukov
kd t
f opftopfwt
Ykd wGuEf iS hf
wpfb0xuf wpfb0 jrKyfíjrKyfíom oGm;Muojzifh ok*wdbkHodkY
wpfzefjyefvmcGifh cJ,Of;rIudk a[mawmfrlonf/
t|uxm zGifhjycsuf-- t|uxmBu;D wdüYk um; terw*¾
oHo&mü usifvnfíaeMuukefaom owå0gtaygif;wdkYtm;
olawmfaumif;w&m;ESifh jynfhpkHpGmjzpf&aom b0onf tvGef
enf;yg;vS\? b0wpfaomif;ç b0wpfodef;rSm wpfcgwpfcg
rMuKBH uKd u&f ? wpfb0vk;H wpfb0vk;H 'd|d 'kp½ö u
kd f trdu
k t
f rSm;wdEYk iS hf
ukefchJ&aomb0awG rsm;vSukef\? wpfb0wpfb0wGifyif 'd|d
'kpö½dkuf trdkufuHaygif; teEÅ teEÅ jzpfyGg;Mu\/
aoonf\tjcm;rJüh um;--- wpfuw
H pfuo
H nfom tusKd ;
ay;cGi&hf \? b0wdik ;f b0wdik ;f wdu
Yk use½f adS om 'd|'d pk ½ö u
kd f uHa[mif;
wdkYonf rdrdwdkYtusdK;ay;cGifhr&ao;orQumvywfvkH; terw*¾
oHo&mü owå0gwdo
Yk EÅmefrmS jzpfav&m&m tpOfvu
kd yf gí aeMu
uke\
f /
tyg,fbkHrnfonf tukodkvfuHwdkY\ Xmeaywnf;?
tyg,fbo
Hk Ykd wpfBurd u
f sa&mufavonf½adS omf xdu
k aH [mif;wdo
Yk nf

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

13

aumif;aumif;BuD; tcGifh&Muukef\? wpfuHvQifwpfb0ç wpf
uHvQifwpfb0 qufum qufum ay;cGifh&½SdMuukef\? xdkuH
a[mif;wdt
Yk wGuEf iS hf wpfb0xufwpfb0 jrKyí
f jrKyí
f oGm;ojzifh
r[mt0DpdodkY qdkufav\? r[mt0DpdrSatmufü i&JbkH[lí
r½SdaomaMumifh r[mt0DpdrSm pkrdMu\/
þuhJodkY wpfckaomuHi,fESifh tyg,fodkYusav&m a½S;uH
a[mif;awG qufvufrIaMumifh r[mt0Dpdwdkifatmif jr§Kyfaví
r[mt0DpdrSm xyfum xyfum jzpfíae&ojzifh urÇmysufrSyif
t0Dpdi&JrS uRwfvGwfEdkifMurnfh owå0gtaygif;wdkYonf ,cktcg
r[mt0Dpdi&JbkHrSm toacFs,s teEÅ ½SdMuukef\-[lí zGifhqdkMu
uke\
f /
þt|uxmBu;D wdüYk um; ok*wdbrHk S tyg,fbo
Hk Ykd wpfBurd f
usa&mufavaomol\ a½S;a½S;aom tukodkvfuHa[mif;awG
twGufESifh wpfb0 xuf wpfb0 jr§Kyfíjr§Kyfíom oGm;Muojzifh
ok*wdbkHodkY wpfzefjyef&cGifh cJ,Of;rIudk zGifhqdkMuayukef\/

ygVdçt|uxmwdkY\ t"dyÜg,f
ecodcokwf----yXrokwåefü wpfaeYwpfaeYvQif tyg,f
bkHü y#doaE¨wnfaeMuol toacFs,s teEÅ rsm;vSonfudk
jyawmfrl\/
umPupä a ygyrok w f - - 'kwd,okwåefü ok*wdbkHrS
tyg,fbkHodkY wpfBudrfusa&mufchJvQif tyg,fbkHrSm tqifhqifhjzpf

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

14

yGg;í oGm;aom tukov
kd u
f t
H opfwt
Ykd wGuf ok*wdbo
Hk Ykd wpfzef
jyef&cGifh cJ,Of;rIudk jyawmfrl\/
t|uxmBuD;t"dyÜg,f-- t|uxmBuD;wdkYüum; a½S;a½S;
aom b0tqufqufç urÇmtqufqufwdkYu tpOfyg½Sdíae
Muaom uHa[mif;wdt
Yk wGuf ok*wdbo
Hk Ykd wpfzefjyef&cGihf cJ,Of;rIukd
jyawmfrlMuukef\/
tm;vkH;aomygVdçt|uxmç #Dum 3-&yfwdkYudk pyf[yfESD;
aESmí ajymqdk vdkaomf tyg,fbkHrnfonf 0ifaygufom½Sd\?
xGuaf ygufr½S?d usayguf om½S\
d ? wufaygufr½S?d jrKyaf ygufom½S\
d ?
ay:aygufr½Sd? pkefaygufom½Sd\? qefaygufr½Sd[k qddkxdkuf\?
þenf;udk twdwçf tem*wfç terw*¾oo
H &m wcGiv
f ;Hk ç pMu0Vm
teEÅvkH; ajrmfjrifav/
þum; tyg,fav;bkH todkufttkH BuD;us,fykHudk t>rufrQ
jyqdkcef;wnf;/
----- Ä -----

twå'd|daMumifh tyg,fbkHüjzpf&ykH
terw*¾ oHo&mü þrQavmuf BuD;us,fíaeaom
tyg,fav;bkH todkufttkHBuD;onf b,fw&m;wdkYrS jzpffoenf;/
b,fw&m;wdkY\ tpD;tyGm;enf;[lrlum;- wpfa,mufç
wpfa,muf aom owå0g\ uk,
d cf E¨mrS jzpfav&m&m tpOfygíae
aom jyqkdcJhNyD;aom 'kpö½kdufuHa[mif; teEÅç 'kpö½kduf uHopf

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

15

teEÅwkdYrS jzpf\/
'kpö½kdufuHa[mif; teEÅç 'kpö½kdufuHopf teEÅwkdY\ tpD;yGg;
omwnf;/
xkd'kpö½kdufuHa[mif; teEÅwkdYonfum; tb,fw&m;ü
wG,fwmí tpOfyg½Sdum aeMuukefoenf;/
xk d ' k p ö ½ k d u f u H o pf teEÅ w k d Y o nf u m; tb,f w &m;rS
aygufzGg;í aeMuukefoenf;[lrlum;--tukokdvf 'kpö½kdufuHa[mif; teEÅwkdYonf twå'd|dwkdYü
wG,fwmí tpOfyg½Sdum aeMuukef\? twå'd|dcsKyfqkH;cJhvQif
'kp½ö u
dk u
f aH [mif; teEÅwo
Ydk nf wpfNyKid ef uf wpfcsuw
f nf; csKyq
f ;Hk
uG,faysmufMuukef\/
tuk o k d v f 'k p ö ½ k d u f u H o pf teEÅ w k d Y o nf twå ' d | d r S
aygufzgG ;í aeMuuke\
f ? twå'|d cd sKyq
f ;Hk cJv
h Qif tukov
dk 'f pk ½ö u
dk o
f pf
teEÅwo
Ydk nf aemif terw*¾oo
H &mü wpfzef jzpfay:Mujcif;r½S?d
tukefvkH; csKyfNidrf;Muukef\/
twå'd|d ½SdaeMuukefaom owå0gwkdYonfum;--vlUjynfrSm olaX;ol<u,fç ya'o&mZfç pMumrE¨mwfrif;
jzpfíaeMu ukeaf omfvnf; 'kp½ö u
dk rf ;D a[mif; teEÅç 'kp½ö u
dk rf ;D opf
teEÅ 0kdif;vsuf aeMuukef\? tyg,frD;awG teEÅ0kdif;vsuf
aeMuukef\/
ewfjynfajcmufxyfü ewfrif;ç odMum;rif;jzpfí aeMuukef
aomfvnf; xkd'kpö½kdufrD;ç tyg,frD;awG 0kdif;vsufaeMuukef\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

16

jA[®mhjynfü jA[®mrif;BuD;jzpfí aeMuukefaomfvnf; xkd
'kpö½kdufrD;ç tyg,frD;awG 0kdif;vsufaeMuukef\/
b0*fbrHk mS jA[®mrif;Bu;D jzpfí aeMuukeaf omfvnf; 'kp½ö u
dk f
rIawG wef;vef;ç tyg,fokdY usa&muf&ef tyg,frIawG wef;vef;
ESifhaeMuukef\/
twå'd|d ½SdaeMuorQ umvywfvkH; xkd'kpö½kdufrD;ç tyg,frD;
wkdY\ Nidrf;rI[laom oEÅdokcukd tPkjrLrQ r&Muukef/
'kpö½kdufuHopf teEÅ-- 'kpö½kdufuHopfteEÅ qkdonfum;twå'|d d ½Sad eorQumvywfv;Hk a½SUokw
Yd iG w
f iG f rku
d rf mS ;í oGm;MuOD;
rnfh trIopfawGukd qkdownf;? w&m;apmifhxdef;aom vlolawmf
aumif;ç ewfolawmfaumif;ç jA[®molawmfaumif;jzpfí aeMu
ukeaf omfvnf; a½SUokYd xk'd pk ½ö u
dk f trku
d t
f rSm; teEÅr;D xJoYdk 0ifMu&ç
a&mufMu&OD;rnfum; rcRwfwnf;/
xkdtwå'd|donf tvGefarSmufrSm;aom rdpäm"r®BuD;jzpfí
xkd'd|d tkyfpkd;vsuf ½SdaeMuukefaom olwkdYoEÅmef avmbrD;ç
a'gorD;ç arm[rD; wkdYonf tvGefxufoefMuukef\? wpfaxmifh
ig;&m udavomrD;wko
Yd nf tvGeMf urf;wrf;uke\
f ? o'¨gtp½Sad om
aumif;jrwfaom w&m;wkdYonf tvGefEkefYaES; ao;odrfukef\/
vlUcsrf;om vlUpnf;pdrfçewfcsrf;om ewfpnf;pdrfçjA[®mh
csrf;om jA[®mh pnf;pdrfwkdYonfum; xkdudavomrD;wkdYukd vGefpGm
awmufapEkdifç yGg;apEkdifukef\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

17

1/

vlUcsr;f om vlUpnf;pdrw
f o
Ydk nf vlüjzpfaom udavom
rD;wkdYukd aeYpOf wkd;yGg;apukefí vlUbkHol vlUbkHom;
twå'|d o
d rm;wku
Yd dk aoonf\ tjcm;rJüh tyg,fav;
bkHokdYcsnf; tukefwGef;vSJí csukef\/
2/ ewfjynfajcmufxyfü ewfcsr;f om ewfpnf;pdrw
f o
Ydk nf
ewfüjzpfaom udavomrD;wkdYukd aeYpOfwkd;yGg;ap
ukeí
f ewfjynfajcmufxyf ewfbo
Hk çl ewfbo
Hk m;wku
Yd dk
aoonf\tjcm;rJhü tyg,fav;bkHokdYcsnf; tukef
wGe;f vSí
J csuek \
f /
3/ jA[®mhcsrf;om jA[®mhpnf;pdrfwkdYonf jA[®müjzpfaom
udavom rD;wku
Yd dk aeYpOfw;dk yGg;apukeí
f jA[®mb
h o
Hk çl
jA[®mhbkHom;wkdYukd tyg,fav;yg;okdYcsnf; tukef
wGe;f vSí
J csuek \
f /
xkdYaMumifh--vlUcsrf;omçewfcsrf;omç jA[®mhcsrf;omwkdYonf twå'd|d½Sd
aeMuukeaf om vlç ewfç jA[®m owå0gwkrYd mS tvGeBf u;D us,pf mG aom
tEÅ&m,fBuD; tppf jzpfukef\? 'ku©BuD;tppf jzpfukef\/
twå'd|dr½SdvQif tyg,fbkHü rjzpfykH-- twå'd|d rcsKyfNidrf;

ojzifh tvk;H pkaH om 'kp½ö u
dk rf ;D ç tyg,fr;D wkrYd S vGwNf ird ;f ukeNf y;D aom
vlç ewfçjA[®m t&d,mwk\
Yd oEÅmefürlum; o'¨gtp½Sad om aumif;
jrwfaom w&m;wkdYonf 0if;0if;awmuf xufoefMuukef\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

18

avmbça'goçarm[tp½Sdaom udavomwkdYonf tvGef
EkefYaES; ao;odrfMuukef\/
vlYcsrf;omç ewfcsrf;omç jA[®mcsrf;omwkdYonf xkdvlç ewfç
jA[®m t&d,mwkdYrSm aysmfarGYzkdYomjzpfukef\? ,kwfedrfhaom b0okdY
wGef;csEkdifaom tEÅ&m,fBuD;awG r[kwfMuukefNyD/
xkdtwå'd|donf tb,fw&m;rS jzpfoenf;/
t0d Z Æ m rS twå ' d | d j zpf a y:vmjcif ;-- vlYcE¨mç ewfcE¨mç
jA[®m cE¨mwküYd tewåtcsuBf u;D ukd zk;H vTr;f íaeaom t0dZmÆ Bu;D rS
jzpf\/
tewåtcsufBuD;ukd zkH;vTrf;íaeaom t0dZÆmBuD;onf
tb,f w&m;rS jzpfoenf;/
vlcY E¨mç ewfcE¨mç jA[®mcE¨mwküYd 'kut
© csuBf u;D ukd zk;H vTr;f í
aeaom t0dZÆmBuD;rS jzpf\/
'kut
© csuBf u;D ukd zk;H vTr;f íaeaom t0dZmÆ Bu;D onf tb,f
w&m;rS jzpfoenf;/
vl Y c E¨ m ç ewf c E¨ m ç jA[® m cE¨ m wk d Y ü ted p ö t csuf B uD ; uk d
zkH;vTrf;íaeaom t0dZÆmBuD;rS jzpf\/
vlYcE¨mç ewfcE¨mç jA[®mcE¨mwkdYü tedpötcsufBuD;ukd zkH;vTrf;
íaeaom t0dZmÆ Bu;D csKyNf ird ;f cJv
h Qif 'kut
© csuBf u;D udk zH;k vTr;f aom
t0dZmÆ Bu;D onfvnf; csKyNf ird ;f av\? tewåtcsuu
f kd zH;k vTr;f aom
t0dZÆmBuD;onfvnf; csKyfNidrf;av\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

19

tewåtcsufBuD;udk zHk;vTrf;aom t0dZÆmBuD; csKyfNidrf;cJhvQif
twå'|d Bd u;D onf tNy;D csKyq
f ;kH \? twå'|d Bd u;D csKyq
f ;kH cJv
h Qif 'kp½ö u
kd f
a[mif;ç 'kpö½dkufopfwdkYonf tukefcsKyfNidrf;ukef\/
'kp½ö u
dk af [mif;ç 'kp½ö u
kd o
f pfwYkd tukecf sKyNf ird ;f cJv
h Qif xdo
k rl mS
a½ShodkYus a&muf&efç tyg,fb0awG tukefcsKyfNidrf;ukef\? &½SdqJ
&½Sv
d whu
H ek af om vlcY sr;f om vlpY nf;pdrçf ewfcsr;f om ewfpnf;pdrçf
jA[®mhcsrf;om jA[®mhpnf;pdrfwdkYonf tEÅ&m,fBuD;awG r[kwfMu
ukefNyD? arGUavsmfzG,fawGom jzpfukef\/
twå'd|dy,fcGgenf; bm0em 40-- xdaYk Mumifh ,cktcgü
]]twå 'd|}d } \ csKyNf ird ;f jcif;udk tvdk ½SMd uukeaf om oltaygif;wdo
Yk nf
cE¨mig;yg;wdüYk tedpt
ö csuBf u;D udk zH;k vTr;f íaeaom t0dZmÆ Bu;D udk
csKyNf ird ;f apjcif;iSg q,fyg;aom tjcif;t&mwdjYk zifh tedpb
ö m0emudk
a½S;OD;pGm tm;xkwfMuukef&m\? xdkYaemif ESpfqhJig;yg;aom tjcif;
t&mwdkYjzifh 'ku©bm0emudk tm;xkwfMuukef&m\? xdkYaemif ig;yg;
aom tjcif;t&mwdkYjzifh tewåbm0emudk tm;xkwfMuukef&m\/
twå'd|daMumifh tyg,fbHkü jzpf&yHk NyD;\/
--------- Ä ---------

tEkyóemÓPfjzifh y,ftyfaomw&m;rsm;
þt&mü1/ pJGvrf;wwfaom w&m; 3-yg;?
2/ pJGvrf;aom tjcif;t&m 3-yg;?

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

20

3/ pJGvrf;&m 0w¬K 3-yg;?
4/ tpGJtvrf;udk azsmufy,fwwfaom tEkyóem
ÓPf 3-yg;?
þw&m;wdkYudk a½S;OD;pGm od&m\/
1/ rmeç wPSm? 'd|dom? rSwfyg pJGvrf;wwf/
2/ {aom[ ro®d? {wH rr? {aom ar twåm? þ
3-jzm? jcif ; &m 3-yg;rS w f /
3/ ed r d w å ç yPd [ d w ? twå Z D 0 g? þ 3-jzm? pG J & m
0w¬ K rS w f /
4/ tedrdwå? tyPd[dwm? oknwm? rSwfyg azsmuf
y,f w wf /
tpOftwdkif; oHayguf/

pGJvrf;wwfaom w&m; 3-yg;
rmeç wPSm? 'd|o
d m? rSwyf g pJv
G rf;wwf-[laom uAsmü1/ ]]rneH rmaem}}/
rneH=txifrSm;jcif;? rmaem=txifrSm;jcif;/
2/ ]]wóeH wPSm}}/
wóeH=wG,fwmjcif;? wPSm=wG,fwmjcif;/
3/ ]]'óeH 'd|d}}/
'óeH=tjrifrSm;jcif;? 'd|d=tjrifrSm;jcif;/
pGJvrf;wwfaom w&m; 3-yg;rSwf/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

21

pJGvrf;aom tjcif;t&m 3-yg;
]]{aom[ ro®d? {wH rr? {aom ar twåm}} þoHk;yg;um;
pJGvrf;yHk tjcif;t&m oHk;yg;wnf;/
1/ {aom=þonfum;? t[H=igonf? tod®=jzpf\/
rmepJv
G rf;yH/k
2/ {wH=þonfum;? rr=igh[mwnf;/ wPSmpGJvrf;yHk/
3/ {aom=þonfum;? ar=ig\? twåm=twåwnf;/
0g=txnfcH trmcH tESpftom;wnf;/ 'd|dpJGvrf;yHk/

pGJvrf;&m 0w¬K 3-yg;
edrw
d çå yPd[w
d ç twå ZD0- [laom pGv
J rf;&m0w¬K 3-yg;ü1/ yk*K¾ v
d f owå0g? ig olwpfyg;? a,musmf ; rde;f r? OD;acgif;
pom;? j'Afrsm;? rSwfom; edrdwå/
2/ vSywifhw,f? qef;wMu,fESifh? zG,f&mavsmuf ywf?
aumif; jrwfcsr;f om? r*Fvm usuo
f a&? rufz,
G af wG
rSwfav yPd[dw/
3/ jyKwwfMuHwwf? ajymqkdwwfESifh? odrSwfcHpm;? ajymif;
oGm;usiv
f nf? twårnf\? t½Snf ESp-f v? wnforQ?
ZD0rSwo
f nm/

½kyfemrfwkdYü edrdwå[k pGJvrf;ykH
opf y if & d y f O yrmES i f h ½k y f c E¨ m t&d y f - - þuAsm 3-yk'fü

t"dyÜg,fum; opfyif½Sdonf½Sdaomf opfyifukdpGJí opfyif&dyf

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

22

ay:jrjJ zpf\? tukid ;f &dyçf tcuf&yd çf tnGe&Yf yd çf t½Gu&f yd çf tyGi&hf yd çf
toD;&dyf tpkaH y: jrjJ zpf\? xko
d aYdk y:&mü opfyifonf t&dyrf [kw?f
t&dyfonf opfyifr[kwf? opfyifukdpGJí t&dyfjzpf\/
opfyifç opfukdif;ç opfcufç opfnGefYç opfyGifhç opfoD;wkdY
onfvnf; t|uvmyf½yk f tpkwu
Ydk pdk í
JG ay:Muaom t&dyBf u;D i,f
wkdYomwnf;? t|uvmyf½kyftpkwkdYonf opfyifç opfukdif; ponf
r[kwMf uuke?f opfyifç opfuidk ;f ponfwo
Ydk nf t|uvmyf½yk t
f pk
r[kwMf uuke/f
t|uvmyf½kyftpkukdpGJí opfyifç opfukdif;paom t&dyf
oP²meffBuD; i,fwkdYonf ay:ukef\? opfyifç opfukdif;&dyfpaom
t&dyfoP²mef BuD;i,fwkdYukdpGJí opfyif&dyfç opfukdif;paom t&dyf
BuD;i,fwkdYonf ay:ukef\/
½kyfrS t&dyf 2-rsKd;ay:jcif;-- þokdYvQif opfyifü½Sdaom
t| uvmyf ½kyftpkwkdYrS t&dyfESpfrsKd; ay:\/
opfyifoP²mefç opfuidk ;f oP²mefpf aom yXrt&dyw
f u
Ykd m;
t| uvmyf½kyftpkwkdYukdrSDí ay:ukef\/
opfyif&dyfç opfukdif;&dyfpaom 'kwd,t&dyfwkdYum; ajr
tjyifü ay:ukef\/
yuwd vlwkdYonf þ'kwd,t&dyfukdom t&dyf[lí odMu
ukef\? yXrt&dyfukdum; t&dyf[lí rodMuukef/
xkdYtwl--

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

23

owå 0 gwk d Y ü vnf ; --½kyfcE¨mwkdYrS t&dyfESpfrsKd; xGuf\?
yk*¾KdvftoGifç owå0gtoGif[laomt&dyf? OD;acgif;oP²meffç
ud,
k o
f P²mefçf ajcoP²mefçf vufoP²mefçf vnfyif;oP²mef[
f al om
t&dy/f
OD;acgif;üvnf;--- OD;xdyfoP²mefç ezl;oP²mefç rsufESm
oP²meffponf? rsufvkH;oP²mefç ESmacgif;oP²mefç cHwGif;ayguf
oP²mefç ar;oP²mefç em;½Guo
f P²mefpf onf t&dyBf u;D i,f tvGef
rsm;\/
uk d , f ü vnf ; ----&ifoP²meffç 0rf;oP²mefç qD;oP²mefç
ausmufuek ;f oP²mefçf cg;oP²mefçf eHab;o@mefponf t&dyBf u;D
i,f tvGefrsm;\/
xkdYtwlqHyifoP²meffaygif; 2-uka# 4-oef;/
arG;nif;oP²meffaygif; 9-aomif; 9-axmif/
ajconf;oP²meffaygif; 10/
vufonf;oP²meffaygif; 10/
oGm;oP²mefaygif; 32/
ta&xlçta&yg; oP²meffBuD; 2/
tom;pkdifçtom;cJoP²meffaygif; 9-&m/
taMumBuD;ç taMumi,f oP²meffaygif; 3-&m/
OD;aESmufcJoP²meffç xkdxkd t½kd;wkdYwGif;½Sd ½kd;wGif;jcifqD
oP²meffç tn§KdUoP²meffç tonf;oP²mefç tqkwfoP²meffç
tajr§;oP²meffç tlroP²meffç tltdrfoP²meffponfjzifh t&dyfBuD;

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

24

t&dyfi,faygif; tvGefrsm;jym;\/
yXrt&dyf-- tPkjrL y&rmtPkjrLrQ txnf 0w¬K j'Af
oP²mef xifjrifcJhvQif t&dyftoGif[líomrSwf? þum; yXr
t&dyrf sK;d wnf;/
'kwd,t&dyf-- aea&mif rD;a&mifudk pGí
J ay:aom vl&yd ?f
rSeftjyif a&tjyifwkdYü ay:aom vl&dyfwkdYum; 'kwd, t&dyf
toGifrsKd;wnf;/
emrfcE¨mt&dyf-- emrfcE¨mwkdYrSxGufaom t&dyfwkdYum;-jrifaom toGiçf Mum;aomtoGiçf MuaH omtoGiçf odaom toGiçf
ESvkH;om,maomtoGifç ESvkH;rom,maomtoGifç tvkd½Sdaom
toGiçf tvkrd ½Sad omtoGiçf trsux
f u
G af omtoGiçf MunfjzLaom
toG i f ç rMunf j zLaomtoG i f ponf w k d Y o nf emrf c E¨ m wk d Y r S
½kyfcE¨mwkdYü xifaom t&dyfwkdYwnf;/
cE¨mig;yg;rS t&dyf-- cE¨mig;yg;taygif;wkdYrS xGufaom
t&dyf wkdYum;--xkdxkd ukd,ft*FgBuD;i,fwkdY vIyfaomtoGifç xkdifaom
toGiçf xaomtoGiçf &yfaomtoGiçf oGm;aomtoGiçf auG;aom
toGifç qefY aomtoGifç xkdxkdtrIukd jyKvkyfaomtoGifç ajymqkd
aom toGipf onfjzifh trIupd t
ö rsK;d rsK;d xifjrifMuorQ tvk;H pkw
H Ydk
onf cE¨mig;yg;taygif;wkdYrS xGufaomt&dyfwkdYwnf;? þokdYvQif
ukd,fcE¨mig;yg;wkdYESifh a&maESmzufpyfí xifjrifMu&aom tvkH;pkH

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

25

aom t&dyftoGifwkdYukd ]]edrdwå}} [lí qkdownf;/
þum;--]]yk*K¾ v
d o
f wå0gç ig olwpfyg; a,musmf ; rde;f rç OD;acgif;pom;ç
j'Afrsm;ç rSwfom; edrdwå}}- [laom uAsm\o½kyfNyD;\/
tEkyóemÓPfjzifh y,ftyfaomw&m;rsm; NyD;\/
-------- Ä --------

tedpömEkyóemÓPf
ted p ö m Ek y óemÓPf t usOf ;
½kyfemrfü tedpö½IykH-- opfyifü{uef½Sd&if; trSef½Sd&if;
t[kwf ½Sd&if;jzpfMuukefaom t|uvmyf½kyfwkdYukdvnf;aumif;ç
xkd½kyfwkdYü½Sdaom tedpötcsufBuD;ukdvnf;aumif; ÓPftjrif
aygufco
hJ nf½adS omf opfyifç opfuidk ;f ç opfcufç opfneG çYf opf½u
G çf
opfyGifhç opfoD; tp½Sdukefaom yXrt&dyftoGifwkdYonf ÓPfü
tukefuG,f aysmufukef\? trSef½Sd&if;rsKd;ç t[kwf½Sd&if;rsKd; r[kwf
ukef? pdwftm½kHxJrSmom rsufvSnfhtoGifuJhokdY xif&jrif&aom
t&dyfrsKd;çedrdwfrsKd;ç toGifoP²meffrsKd;wkdYomwnf;[k ÓPfü ½Sif;
vif;pGm xifjrif\/
rsuf v S n f h y rm yk * ¾ K d v f o wå 0 g ol ç ig r½S d
xkdYtwl owå0gwkdYoEÅmefüvnf; {uef½Sd&if; trSef½Sd&if;
t[kwf½Sd&if; jzpfukefaom toD; toD;aom½kyf"mwfwkdYukdvnf;

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

26

aumif;ç emrf"mwfwdkYudkvnf;aumif;ç ½kyf"mwf emrf"mwfwdkY\
tedpötcsufBuD;udk vnf;aumif;ç ÓPftjrifaygufcJhonf½Sdaomf
yk*K¾ v
d çf owå0gç t*gFBu;D i,f tp½Su
d ek af om tvk;H pkaH om ½kyef rd w
d çf
emrferd w
d çf ½kyef mrf edrw
d w
f o
Ydk nf ÓPfü tukef uG,af ysmufuek \
f ?
{ueftrSef t[kw½f &dS if;rsK;d r[kwu
f ek ?f owå0gwk\
Yd pdwt
f m½kx
H rJ mS
om rsuv
f n
S t
hf oGiu
f o
hJ Ydk xifMu&ç jrifMu&aom t&dyrf sK;d ç edrw
d rf sK;d ç
toGifoP²meffrsKd;wkdYomwnf;[k ÓPfü ½Sif;vif;pGm xifjrif\/
xdkj'AfoP²mefwdkY uG,faysmufukefvQifvnf; yk*¾dKvfMunfh
onfç yk*¾dKvfjrifonfç yk*¾dKvfemonfç yk*¾dKvfMum;onfç yk*¾dKvfxdkif
onfç yk*¾dKvfxonfç yk*¾dKvf&yfonfç yk*¾dKvfoGm;onfç yk*¾dKvf&,f
onfç yk*Kd¾ vjf yK;H onf tp½Sad om yk*Kd¾ vo
f wå0gESipfh yfaom Bu,
d mj'Af
trsm;wdkYvnf; ÓPfü uG,faysmufukefvwåHY/
yk*¾dKvfj'Afç yk*¾dKvftrlt&mç owå0gj'Afç owå0gtrlt&m
tvk;H pkH uG,af ysmufuek o
f nf½adS omf igç olwpfyg;ç a,mufsm;ç rde;f r
[laom t&dyfBuD;wdkYvnf; tukefuG,faysmufukefvwåHY/
tedrdwåmEkyóemÓPf-- þodv
Yk Qif ½kyef mrfwrYkd S jzpfMu
ukefí ½kyfemrfwdkYudk vkHjcKHvSpGm zkHvTrf;uG,fumí tyü xifay:
xif½Sm;um ½SdaeMuukefaom cyfodrf;aom ½kyfedrdwfç emrfedrdwfç
½kyfemrf edrdwfwdkYudk tukefuG,faysmufapwwfaomaMumifh
tedpömEkyóemÓPfudk tedrdwåmEkyóemÓPf qdkownf;/
---- Ä ----

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

27

½kyfü tedpömEkyóemÓPfzGifhenf;
,cktcg ½lyu©Em¨ ü tedpmö EkyóemÓPf q,fyg; zGiehf nf;ç
½Ienf;ç yGg;rsm;enf;udk odom½kHrQ jyqdkthH/
1/
El;nHhç cufrm? ud&d,m? ESpfjzm-ajr"mwfppf/
2/
zGJYap;çpD;,dk? ESpfyg;udk? ac:qdk a&"mwfppf/
3/
ylrIç at;rI? þSESpfck? ac:rIrD;"mwfppf/
4/
axmufuefç vIyf½Sm;? þESpfyg;? ac:jim;av
"mwfppf/
5/
axGaxGud&d,m? ydkif;jcm;&m? tmum"mwftppf/
y&rmPkjrL tPkjrLrQ txnf0w¬K j'AfoP²meferd w
d t
f oGif
xifjrif chJonf½Sdaomf {uef½Sd trSef½Sd t[kwf½SdrsdK; r[kwfNyD?
rsufvSnfhq&mjyaom ½kyfwkç ½kyfoGifrsdK; pifppfrSwf/
tb,fhaMumifhenf;qdkaomf--tPkjrLwpfck[kac:aom 0w¬Kudk Budwfe,fchJvQif tpdwf
tjzmuGrJ I {uef½\
dS ? twGi;f üuvmyfzYJG trsm;½S\
d ? tmumotjcm;
trsm;½S\
d [k odtyf\? tpdwt
f jzmuGrJ [
I o
l rQonf uvmyftjcm;rS
uGJjrJwnf;? tPkjrL trnf uG,faysmufav\? y&rmtPkjrLawG
jzpfíuke\
f /
xdky&rmtPkjrLwdkY toD;oD; tpdwftjzm uGJukefMuvQif
y&rm tPkjrLtrnf uG,faysmufMuukef\? wpfckwpfckaom
½kyu
f vmyf tpdwf tjzm uGrJ rI ½SNd yD csKyq
f ;Hk íom oGm;Muukev
f wå/YH

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

28

þodkYvQif tPkjrL"mwfç tPkjrLuvmyf[lí pifppftm;
jzifh r½Sd? edrdwårsdK;om jzpf\? y&rmPkjrL"mwfç y&rmPkjrLuvmyf
[lí pifppftm;jzifh r½Sd? edrdwårsdK;omjzpf\/
þy&rmPkjrLum; yuwdrsufpdjzifh rjriftyf? 'dAÁpu©K
tbdnmOfjzifo
h m jriftyfonf[\
l ? xdyk &rmPkjrLrSmyif ½kyu
f vmyf
aygif;rsm;pGmç yx0Daygif;rsm;pGmç tmaygaygif;rsm;pGmç awaZmaygif;
rsm;pGmç 0ga,maygif; rsm;pGmç uvmyfjcm; tmumoaygif;rsm;pGm
½Sdao;\? xdkYxufBuD;aom 0w¬Kj'AfwdkYü qdkzG,fr½Sd/
y&rwf"mwfppfBuD;wdkY odrfarGUykHudk qí odMu&ef tcsuf
Bu;D wnf;/
xdt
Yk wl-- aea&mifç va&mifç Mu,fa&mifç rD;a&mifç pdeaf &mifç
jra&mifç ywåjrm;a&mifç vQyfa&mifwdkYüvnf;aumif;/
ajrüxifaom opfyif&yd çf vl&yd çf rSet
f Munf a&tMunfwüYkd
xifaom ae&dyçf v&dyçf wdr&f yd çf vl&yd çf opfyif&yd w
f üYkd vnf;aumif;?
nOfharSmifwdkYüvnf;aumif;?
MunfvSpGmaom a&wdkYüvnf;aumif;?
toHtrsdK;rsdK;wdkYüvnf;aumif;?
awmifavç ajrmufav tp½Sdaom avtrsdK;rsdK;? xdkav
aqmif&m yg½Sdukefaom teHYtrsdK;rsdK;wdkYüvnf;aumif;?
ajr"mwfç a&"mwfç rD;"mwfç av"mwf [laom r[mbkwf
½kyBf u;D wdo
Yk nf yg½Su
d ek \
f ? r[mbkwf ½kyBf u;D wdEYk iS hf uif;í wpfcw
k pf
ckaom ½kyfrQjzpfjcif;rnfonf r½Sd? r[mbkwf½kyfBuD;wdkYonf

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

29

t&dyt
f a&mif tp½Sad om cyford ;f aom ½kyw
f \
Ykd txnfcH trmcH
jzpfMuayukef\/
xdt
k &dyt
f a&mif tp½So
d nfwüYkd yg½Sad om r[mbkw½f yk Bf u;D
wdEYk iS hf owå0gwdo
Yk EÅmefü txnfcH trmcH jzpfuek af om r[mbkwf
Bu;D wdo
Yk nfvnf;aumif;? ausmufwikd çf ausmufw;Hk ç oHwikd çf oHw;Hk ç
opfyifç opfwkH; ponfwdkYü txnfcHç trmcHjzpfukefaom
r[mbkwf½kyfBuD;wdkYonfvnf;aumif;? tPkjrLç y&rmPkjrLrQ
j'AfoP²mef r½SdMu? Bud,mtrlt&mrQom ½SdMurIwdkYonf wlMu
ukef\? ½kyfuvmyfcsif; tpktcJç taygif;tzGJYç pdyfrIç usJrIç MuyfrIç
acsmifrI trsdK;rsdK;odkY vdkufíom txl;½SdaeMuukef\/
þonfvnf; r[mbkw½f yk Bf u;D wd\
Yk odraf rGY ao;zGv
J yS u
Hk kd
odjrif&ef tcsufpkwnf;/
---- Ä ----

awaZm"mwf\ tcGifhudpörsm;
OPS a waZmrD ; "mwf \ ud p ö 2-yg;
2-yg;-- xdkr[mbkwf
av;yg;wdkYwGif awaZm r[mbkwf qdkonfum; rD;"mwfBuD;ay
wnf;? xdkrD;"mwfBuD;\ tcGihfudpöum;--1/ twlwuGjzpfaom r[mbkwfBuD;wdkYudk twGif
avmifrçI uRr;f aprIç ukeq
f ;Hk aprI tcGiu
hf pd Bö u;D wpfyg;?
2/ ½kyu
f vmyfopfwu
Ykd kd twGif aygufzmG ;aprIç wd;k yGg;aprI
tcGifh udpöBuD;wpfyg;?

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

30

þtcGifhudpöBuD; 2-yg;udk rsufawmifwpfcwfrQ rvyfrpJ
tjrJedpö tm;jzifh wGifus,fpGm ½Gufaqmif\/
xdkudpöBuD; 2-yg;wGif--1/ ½kyfuvmyfopf aygufzGm;rIu o[Jaumif;vSaom
tcg ylavmifí uvmyfa[mif; wpfckukef&mü
uvmyfrsm;pGmudk jzpfay:ap\? opfyifrsm; wpfaeY
wpfjcm; BuD;yGg;rIudk ajrmfav/
2/ aygufzGm;rIu o[Jenf;vSaomtcg avmifí ukef
qk;H rIu tm;Bu;D \? wd;k yGg;rIu enf;\? opfyifrsm;tdí
k
usoGm;onfudk ajrmfav/
avmifrIç yGg;rI o[JrQwíaeaomtcg twdk;tqkwf
rQwí ae\? xif;rD;pm o[Jaumif;vQif rD;awmuf wdk;yGg;\?
xif;rD;pm o[Jenf;í oGm;vQif rD;awmuf qkwf,kwfoGm;\?
xif;rD;pmukev
f Qif rD;awmuf ukeaf ysmuf\? avmuü yuwdr;D \
tcsupf u
k kd aphppHk mG Munfí
h y&rwf awaZm"mwfBu;D \ tcGiu
hf pd Bö u;D
2-yg;udk twyfodEdkif\/
oD w awaZm"mwf \ ud p ö 2-yg;
oDw-rD;onfvnf; avmifrIç ygG;rI tcGifh udpöBuD;ESpfyg;
½Sd\? jrpfa&ç orkj'ma&ç urÇmysufa&wdkYudk ajrmfav? xdka&wdkYü
wdk;rIç yGg;rIç wnfaerIç qkwf,kwfrIwdkYonf oDw"mwfrD;\
tcGihfudpöBuD;aywnf;/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

31

þum; awaZm[laom rD;"mwfBuD;\ tcGihfudpöBuD; ESpfyg;
udk jyqdkcsufwnf;/
uk e f q k H ; rI jrif a tmif M unf h y k H
txufujyqkcd aJh om y&rwf"mwfBu;D wd\
Yk odraf rGUao;zGrJ I
ESihf þawaZm"mwf Bu;D \ tcGiu
hf pd Bö u;D ESpyf g;udk ES;D aESmí Munfch Jh
onf½Sdaomf þudk,fcE¨mwdkYü rsufawmifwpfcwf vQyfwpfjyufrQ
rjywfrpJtjrJ ukefqkH;rIBuD;wpfck ½Sdaeonfudkvnf;aumif;ç rsuf
awmifwpfcwf vQyfwpfjyufrQ rjywfrpJ tjrJjzpfyGg;rIBuD;wpfck
½Sdaeonfudkvnf;aumif; rkcsqwfqwf odjriftyf\/
ukefqkH;rIBuD;udk xifjrifatmif Munfh½Iaomtcgü rD;
avmifíaeaom *Grf;ykHBuD;ç *Grf;vkH;BuD;ç puúLykHBuD;ç puúLxkyfBuD;
wdkY\ ukefrIuhJodkY ½Ijrif&m\/
jzpf y G g ;rI jrif a tmif M unf h y k H
jzpfrIç yGg;rIudk Munfhaomtcgü udk,fcE¨m twGif;rSm
aumif;uifü wdrw
f u
kd w
f rd cf aJ wG cPcsi;f jynfo
h uho
J v
Ykd nf;aumif;ç
'Dacsmif;ü 'Da&wdk;wufouhJodkYvnf;aumif; xifjrifatmif
Munfhav/
jzpfygG;rIç ysufqkH;rIBuD; 2-yg;udk ÓPfESihf oefYjcm;í
tcsuu
f satmif Munhw
f wfrS jrifomxifom&Srd nf? tcsuu
f satmif
MuHzefí rMunfhwwfvQif axG;,Sufí aevdrfhrnf/
þum; ajrç a&ç rD;ç av-[laom r[mbkwfBuD;av;yg;
wdkY\ y&rwf"mwf tppftm;jzifh tvGefodrfarGU ao;zGJUMuykHç

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

32

tjzpftysuf tvGefvsifjref ykHudk &dyfrdavmuf½kH jyqdkcsufwnf;/
---- Ä ----

r[mbkwfav;yg;ESifh tmumo
tmumo"mwf 2-yg;
2-yg;/ / tmumo"mwfonf--1/ tNydKifjzpfukefaom uvmyfzGJYwdkY\ tcsif;csif; jcm;rI?
2/ a½SUaemuf tpOf jzpfuek af om ½kyaf [mif;ç ½kyo
f pfw\
Ykd
bif pGef;ç Oyg'fpGef; jcm;rI-[lí 2-yg;½Sd\/
xdw
k iG f tNyKd ijf zpfuek af om uvmyfw\
Ykd tcsi;f csi;f jcm;rIukd
a½S;ü tPkjrLç y&rmPkjrLwdkYudk cGJí jyqdkchJNyD/
a½SUaemuf tpOfjzpfukefaom ½kyfa[mif;ç ½kyfopfwdkY\
bifpGef; Oyg'fpGef;jcm;rIü cyfodrf;aom½kyfw&m;ç emrfw&m;wdkYrnf
onf Bud,mrQom jzpfMuukef\? trlt&mrQom jzpfMuukef\?
xdkYaMumifh trlt&mwpfrsdK; wpfrsdK;onf ½kyfwpfrsdK;wpfrsdK;ç
emrfwpfrsdK;wpfrsdK;aywnf;/
xkdwGif ½kyftrlt&mwpfrsKd;ESifh ½kyftrlt&mwpfrsKd;\
tMum;ü tmumoy&dapä' jcm;jrJwnf;/
tmumo jcm;yk H - - Oyrmum; vlwkdYü ta&;ygESifh
ta&xl\ tMum;ü tmumojcm;\? tay:&H ta&yg;ukd toD;
tjcm; cGg,lvQif &\? ta&xlEiS hf tom;arS;\tMum;ü tmumo
jcm;\? ta&xlukd toD;tjcm;cGg,lvQif &\? t½kd;wkdYESifh tom;
wkdY\ tMum;ü tmumojcm;\? tom;ukd toD;oD; cGg,laomf
&\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

33

þtmumorsKd;um; [if;vif;jrif&aom tmumorsKd;
r[kwf? tpGef;ESpfck tpESpfck xdpyfvsuf ½Sd\? xdpyfvsuf½Sdaomf
vnf; tMum; tvyf tjywf taygufvnf; {uef½Sd\/

"mwfBuD; av;yg;ESifh csdyfcJOyrm
yx0D tmumo-- þtwl csKyfuG,favaom Bud,m
a[mif;\ bifpGef;ESifh jzpfay:vmaom Bud,mopf\ Oyg'fpGef;\
tMum;ü tmumo jcm;\/
tvGefcufrmíaeaom csdyfcJukd jyif;pGmylaom rD;usD;pkü
csí ta& Munfjzpfap&mü tvGefcufrmrIum; trlt&mBud,m
wpfrsKd;ç yx0D"mwf wpfrsKd;? oDwrD;"mwf\ om;orD;pkaywnf;/
jyif;pGmylaom rD;us;D pkü usa&mufonfEiS hf wpfNyKd ief uf OPS
rD;½Sdef onf atmuftzkdYrSpí tpOftwkdif; avmifíoGm;av&m
oDwrD;"mwf onf tpOftwkdif; csKyfuG,fav\? oDwrD;"mwfESifh
o[Zmwf jzpfaumif; aom cufrmrIBu,
d mvnf; oDwrD;"mwfEiS hf
twl tpOftwkdif; csKyfuG,f av\/
OPSrD;"mwfESifh o[Zmwfjzpfaumif;aom El;nHhrI Bud,m
tqifq
h ifh ajymif;vGjJ zpfay:í oGm;ojzifh csyd &f nfMunf jzpfav\?
aphaphMunf½h KS í aevQif cufrmrIBu,
d m ausaysmufí ausaysmufí
oGm;rIç aysmah ysmif;í aysmah ysmif;í vmrIç tpkid t
f cJ ausíausí
oGm;rIç t&nfawGawG jzpfay:vmrIwkdYukd 'd| jrif&\/
pum;wpfrsKd; wpfrsKd;ESifh ajymqkd&ef trlt&mwpfrsKd;wpfrsKd;
ajymif;vJ jzpfay:ívmrI xif½mS ;\? cufrmrI tqifq
h ifh csKyu
f ,
G í
f

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

34

oGm;\? El;nHrh I tqifq
h ifh ajymif;vGjJ zpfay:ívm\? a&avmif;í
OPSrD;"mwf csKyfNidrf;NyD; oDwrD;"mwf rif;rlí vmjyefvQif El;nHhrI
tqifq
h ifh csKyq
f ;Hk íoGm;\? cufrmrI tqifq
h ifh ajymif;vJjzpfay:í
vm\? tvGefcufrmjrJ cufrm jyef\/
þü csyd [
f al omç csyd cf [
J al omç csyd af ysm[
h al omç csyd &f nf[l
aom edrw
d "å r®Bu;D ukd ESv;Hk roGi;f rlí cufrmrI Bu,
d mç El;nHrh BI u,
d m
[laom yx0D"mwfppfukdom ÓPfESifhpkdufíMunfh/
yx0D"mwf jzpfysufMunfhykH-- MunfhykHum; yXr cufrmrI
onf t&nfMunf jzpfonfwkdifatmif yuwdtwkdif; wnfae
Ekid \
f avm[kMunf?h xko
d Ydk Munfch v
hJ Qif xkyd Xr cufrmrIonf t&nf
Munf jzpfonfwkdifatmif yuwdtwkdif; rwnfEkdifrlí tprSpí
yx0Dtqifq
h ifh NyKd ysuu
f ek q
f ;Hk íoGm;rIç El;nHah om yx0Dpk vSKid ;f yGuf
tvdyfvdyf xouJhokdY tqifhqifh jzpfay:ívmrIonf ÓPfü
xif½Sm;pGm xifjrif\/
a½S;a½S;yx0DrsKd; uG,faysmufrI tqkH;tqkH;wkdYESifh aemuf
aemuf yx0DrsKd; tvdyftvdyf jzpfay:rI tptpwkdY\ tMum;
tMum;ü tmumo y&dapä' tjcm;tjcm; toD;toD; ½SMd uonfudk
ÓPfüjcm;em;pGm xifjrifap&m\/
þü tmumoy&dapä'um; tvGefpdyf\? rsufawmifwpf
cwfrSmyif t&mtaxmifru pdyf\? ÓPfü yx0DBud,m wpfrsKd;
wpfrsKd;taeESifh xif½Sm;vS&mukdom tykdif;tjcm;jyKí Munfhav?
cufrmrIpk wpfyidk ;f ç aysmah ysmif;rIpk wpfyidk ;f ç t&nfpk wpfyikd ;f ? þokYd

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

35

3-ykdif; ydkif;íaomfvnf; Munfh av/
ysurf u
I dk Munfah omtcg wpfyidk ;f wpfyidk ;f oefjY cm;í tvk;H pkH
ukefonfwkdifatmif pkdufíMunfhav? t&nfü El;nHhvSpGmaom
yx0Donf cufrmrI jzpfonfwkdifatmif yuwdtwkdif; wnfae
Ekid \
f avm-[laom tjyefüvnf; xked nf;wload v/ yx0D tmumo wpfpkHNyD;\/
tmaygtmumo-- tmayg tmumoüvnf; yuwd
cufrmonf rSpí t&nfMunfjzpfíwkdifatmif zGJUap;rI [laom
tmayg"mwf tqifhqifh jy,faysmufí oGm;ykHç ,kdpD;rI[laom
tmayg"mwf tqifq
h ifh prf;a&yGuu
f o
hJ Ydk jzpfay:íoGm;ykçH wpfzef
t&nf MunfrSm½Sdaom ,kdpD;rIrSpí yuwdcufrmrI jzpfonfwkdif
atmif ,kpd ;D rI tqifq
h ifh csKyaf ysmufyçHk zGUJ ap;ykrH I tqifq
h ifjh zpfay:
ykHukd tmumo y&dapä'ESifh ykdif;jcm;í Munfhav/
tmayg tmumo NyD;\/
awaZmtmumo-- awaZm tmumoüvnf; at;rI
tqifhqifhç ylrI tqifhqifhwkdYukd ykdif;jcm;í Munfhav/
awaZmtmumo NyD;\/
------------0ga,mtmumo--- 0ga,m tmumoüvnf; axmufuef
awmifh wif;rItqifhqifhç vIyf&Sm;rI tqifhqifhwkdYukd ykdif;jcm;í
Munfhav/
0ga,mtmumo NyD;\/
-------------

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

36

þcsdyfcJwpfckü "mwfBuD;av;yg;wkdY\ jzpfrIç ysufrIudk
tmumo y&dapä'ESiw
hf uG tcsuu
f s jcmem;xif½mS ;pGm xifjrifEidk Mf u
ygvQif owå0g cE¨mukd rqkx
d m;bd jrif;rk&d af wmifç r[myx0DajrBu;D
wkdYüyif jrifEkdifMuukefvwåHU/
wpfyjHk yqk&d m\/

"mwfBuD;av;yg;ESifh BudrfvkH; Oyrm
wpfxGmcefY &Snfaom ajzmifhwef;pGm wnf½Sdaom BudrfvkH;ukd
ukid ;f ñGwf apí t&if;zsm;xd usatmifacG&mü Burd [
f al om tBu;D ç
ti,fç t½Snfç twkd-[laom edrdwå"r®BuD;ukd ESvkH;roGif;vifh?
cufrmrI[laom yx0D"mwf ppfü pkdufíMunfh/
Munfyh u
Hk m;- ajzmifrh wfpmG wnf½adS omtcgü½Sad om yuwd
yx0Donf auG;rdonfwkdifatmif yuwdtwkdif; wnfae Ekdif\
avm[k qifjcifonf½Sdaomf wpfqHcsnfrQ ñGwfonfrSpí tpOf
twkdif; jzpfjzpf jzpfjzpf aygufjywfí ajrhajrhajrhajrh ausaysmuf
uG,q
f ;Hk í oGm;onfuv
dk nf;aumif;ç topftopfaom cufrmrIwYdk
tvdyt
f vdyf tvIid ;f tvIid ;f tqifq
h ifh jzpfay:í vmonfuv
dk nf;
aumif; ÓPfü xifjrifEkdif\/
þüum; tmumoy&dapä' tvGefpdyfvSpGmukdyif jrifEkdif\?
tjywf csif;pyfatmifç tykdif;tjcm;csif; pyfatmif jrifEkdif\?
xkBd urd v
f ;Hk ukd wpf zefjyefí ajzmifah p&müvnf; xkt
Yd wlMunfah v/
yx0DtmumoNy;D \/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

37

yx0Dtmumoukd jcm;em;pGm xifjrifEkdifygvQif xkdxkdcuf
rmrIESifh o[Zmwjzpfukefaom tmaygtmumoç awaZm
tmumoç 0ga,m tmumowkdYukdvnf; jrifEkdifawmhonf/
þBurd v
f ;Hk i,fwpfcük ç "mwfBu;D av;yg;wk\
Yd jzpfrçI ysurf u
I dk
ae&m wusjcm;em;vSpGm xifjrifEkdifMuygrlum; £&d,mykxfwkdYjzifh
vIy½f mS ;aom vlwcYdk E¨muk,
d u
f v
dk nf;aumif;ç avwkjYd zifh vIy½f mS ;aom
opfyifBuD; i,fwkdYukd vnf;aumif; rqkdxm;bdOD;? ivsifBuD;jzifh
vIyf½Sm;aom r[myx0D jrifhrkd&f awmifwkdYü "mwfBuD;av;yg;wkdY\
jzpfrIç ysufrIukdyif jrifEkdifMuukefvwåHU/
þpum;ü wpfckwpfckaom trlt&mBud,mukd y&rwf
"mwfwpfckwpfck qkdownf;? vIyf&Sm;rIrnfonf Bud,mtrsKd;rsKd;
ajymif;vJrIaywnf;? xkdYaMumifh wpfckwpfckaom y&rwf"mwf
tppfrnfonf wpfqHzsm;rQ vIyf½Sm;½kd;r½Sd? yuwdtwkdif;ESifhom
qkwf,kwf ysufqkH; NrJjzpf\? a½GU½Sm;jcif;[lí r½Sd? <ujcif;[lí r½Sd?
½Gjcif;[lí r½Sd/
yuwdvw
l Ydk odjrifEidk af umif;aom vIy½f mS ;rIç a½GU½Sm;rIç <u½GrçI
usrIç wufrIç qkwfrIç wkd;rI tvkH;pkHwkdYonf y&rwf"mwf topfç
ta[mif; ajymif;vJrIwkdYomwnf;? tqifhqifh tmumoy&dapä'
tjcm;tjcm;ESifh jzpfMuaom trIwkdYomwnf;[k oEéd|mefusrSwf/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

38

Oyg'fç bifç tmumo[laom
"r®BuD;ukd jrifatmifMunfhykH
jyqkdcJhNyD;aom csdyfcJü rD;jyif;pGm xdyg;rIukd tm½kHjyKvkduf
onfEiS hf wpfNyKd ief uf csyd cf J trlt&m wpfrsKd ;ajymif;vJru
I dk rsupf Ed iS hf
jrifouJhokdYjrif\? trl&ma[mif; ysufonfukdvnf;jrif\? trl&m
opf ay:onfuv
dk nf; jrif\? rD;üwu,fcsvQiv
f nf; rsupf Ed iS yhf if
aMumifaMumifjrif\/
rsufpdtjrifqkdonfum; XDcP XDcPodkY a&mufqJudkom
jrif\? ysurf I tpGe;f ç jzpfrt
I pGe;f wdu
Yk kd jrif½;kd r[kw?f tpGe;f ESpcf w
k \
Ykd
tMum; tmumo y&dapä'udv
k nf; jrif½;kd r[kw?f ta[mif;ç topf
XDcsif;csif;jzifhom pyfqufíjrif\/
xdkodkYjrif&mwGif XD½kyftcsif;csif; trlt&m rwlMuonfudk
jrifí raem'Gg&jzifh ½kyfajymif;vJrIudk avmuü tvdkvdk odMu\?
trlt&ma[mif; ysuo
f nf[k odMu\? trlt&mopf wpfrsKd ;jzpfay:
onf[k odMu\? trl t&m jcm;onf[kodMu\/
xdkwGif1/ trlt&ma[mif; ysuo
f nf[k odru
I m; ½kyaf [mif;\
bifudk odrIyifwnf;/
2/ trlt&mopf wpfrsdK;jzpfay:onf[k odrIum; ½kyf
opf\ Oyg'fudk odrIyifwnf;/
3/ trlt&mjcm;onf[k odrIum; tmumoy&dapä'udk
odryI ifwnf;/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

39

xdkodkYodaomfvnf; csdyfcJ[laom oP²meffj'Af ynwfedrdwf
Bu;D udk pdwüf pGv
J suf ½Sad eaomaMumifh pdwüf xdo
k P²mefBf u;D onfom
jy|mef;í ae\/
r&P"mwf - --trlt&ma[mif;ysufrIç aysmufuG,frçI
csKyfqHk;rIum; r&P"mwfBuD;wpfckwnf;[k ysufrIudk toD;tjcm;
"mwfBuD;wpfyg;ç "r®BuD;wpfyg;taeESifh rodMu? pdwfüpJGjrifxif
ay:íaeaom csdyfcJ\ tay:u trlt&mrQ taeESifhom
xifMu\/
Zmwd " mwf - - xdkYtwl trlt&mopfwpfrsKd; jzpfay:rIç
aygufzGm; rIudkvnf; toD;tjcm; Zmwd"mwfBuD;wpfyg;ç Zmwd"r®
BuD;wpfyg;[k rodMu/
tmumo"mwf - - xd k Y t wl trl t &mjcm;rI u d k v nf ;
tmumo y&dapä' "mwfBu;D wpfyg;ç "r®Bu;D wpfyg;[k rodMu/ csyd cf J
[laom t[kwf½Sd {uef½Sdr[kwfaom edrdwåBuD;udk ÓPfESifhz,f
½Sm;í cufrmrIç at;rIç ylrIç <u&GrI-[laom y&rwf"mwfppfudk
ÓPfpu
kd í
f Munfw
h wfro
S mvQif xdrk &P"mwfBu;D ç Zmwd"mwfBu;D ç
tmuo"mwfBuD; wdkYonf trItoD;tjcm;ç Bud,mtoD;tjcm;ç
"r®BuD;wpfyg;wpfyg;pDtjzpfESifh xifjrifEdkifonf/
þ"r®BuD;oHk;yg;udk BuD;MuD;rm;rm; oD;oD;jcm;jcm; ÓPf
tjrifü xif½Sm;pGm ay:ívmatmif tm;xkwf&onf? owdtxl;
&Muap? BudrfvHk;üvnf; þenf;wl ppfav/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

40

þrQaompum; &yfwdkYjzifh tedpöqdkaom w&m;onf igwdkY
e*dkyuwd pdwftodxJrSmyif yg0ifNyD;omwnf;? rrSDEkdifaom
w&m;r[kwf? ÓPfü edrdwå"r®BuD;udk y,f½Sm;rIç rrSDEkdifaom
w&m;r[kwf? ÓPfü edrdwå"r®BuD; oHk;yg;udk xif½Sm;aprI-vdkí
aeMuonfhtwGufaMumifhom tedpöudk jrifvsufESifh tedpörSef;
rodMu&ukefonf[k tm;wufMu&eftcsufudk jyqdkownf;/
r[mbkwfav;yg;ESifh tmumoNyD;\/
----- Ä -----

tedpövu©Pmudk rxifjrifEkdifyHk
t|uxmBuD;wdkYüvnf;udó treodum&m aue y#dpäEéwåm tedpö
vu©PH e Oy|mwd? O',AÁ,meH treodum&m
oEÅ w d , m y#d p ä E é w å m ted p ö v u© P H e Oy|mwd ?
O',AÁ,rÜe y&d*¾a[wGm oEÅmwd,m 0daumydwm,
tedpövu©PH ,mxm0 o&oawmOy|mwð/
[lírdeq
Yf u
kd ek \
f /
tb,fukd ESv;kH roGi;f jcif;aMumifçh tb,fonf zH;k vTr;f jcif;
aMumifh tedpv
ö u©Pmonf owå0gwk\
Yd ÓPfü rxifavoenf;
[lrlum;jzpfrIç ysufrIudk "mwftoD;tjcm;ç "r®toD;tjcm;[k
xif½mS ;atmif ESv;kH roGi;f jcif;aMumihçf oEÅwd ynwfwnf;[laom
edrdwå"r®BuD;onf zHk;vTrf;íaejcif;aMumifh tedpövu©Pmonf

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

41

owå0gwdkY\ÓPfü rxifavonf/
jzpf r I ç ysuf r I u d k "mwf t oD ; tjcm; "r® t oD ; tjcm;[k
xif½Sm;atmif ÓPfESifhodrf;qnf;í oEÅwdynwfwnf;[laom
edrw
d "å r®Bu;D udk ÓPfEiS hf cGgzsuf y,f½mS ;rIwv
f iT í
hf ypfonf½adS omf
tedpv
ö u©Pmonf [kwrf eS w
f ikd ;f aom rdru
d pd Eö iS w
hf uG owå0gwd\
Yk
ÓPfü xifvm\/ ygXfavQmuf t"dyÜg,fwnf;/

"mwfBuD; 4-yg;ç "r®BuD; 3-yg;wdkYudk
rod r jrif E d k i f y H k
"mwfBuD;4-yg;ç "r®BuD;3-yg;wdkYonf ÓPftvdr®mwdkY\
BuD;yGg; pnfum;&m jzpfukef\/
ed r d w å " r® w d k Y o nf ud a vomwd k Y \ BuD ; yG g ;pnf u m;&m
jzpfuek \
f /
twå'd|d\ trdozG,fjzpfaom oHarm[ w&m;BuD;onf
"mwfBuD; av;yg;ç "r®BuD;oHk;yg;wdkYudk vHkjcHKpGm zHk;vTrf;uG,fum\/
pdwf0dnmPf [laom rsufvSnfhonfBuD;onf t[kwfr½Sd
aom edrdwå "r®BuD;udk tNrJzefqif; wnfaxmifí jyxm;\/
xdkYaMumifh owå0gwdkYonf "mwfBuD;ç "r®BuD;wdkYudk aMumif
aMumifjrif vsuf rodMuuke?f aMumifaMumifov
d suf rjrifMuuke/f
tb,fodkY aMumifaMumifjrifvsuf rodMuukefoenf;
[lrlum;avmuü 'd| udk,fawGUcsnf; jzpfMuonfudk aMumifaMumif
jrifqo
kd nf/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

42

rnfonfh"mwf[lí rnfonfh"r®[lí toD;oD; jcm;em;í
rodMuonfudk rod qdkonf/
aMumifaMumifodvsuf rjrifMuqdkonfum; omoem"r®ü
Mum;zl;em;0 ½SdMuolwdkYrSm þudk,fcE¨monf "mwfBuD;av;yg;
tpkomwnf;[k odMuvsuf ud,
k cf E¨mwpfcv
k ;kH udk av;pdwu
f aJG tmif
cGJjcrf;í rjrifMu qdkvdkonf/
xdkpum;ESpf&yfudk xif½Sm;apOD;tHh- cufrmrIç Murf;wrf;rIç
aysmhaysmif;rIç El;nHhrIwdkYudk 'd|udk,fawGGUwdkYcsnf;omwnf;/
xdt
Yk wl zGUJ wG,rf çI ap;cRrJ çI ,dpk ;D rIwo
Ykd nfvnf;aumif;? ylrçI
avmifrIç aEG;rIç at;rIç csrf;rIwdkYonfvnf;aumif;? axmufuefrIç
awmifhwif;rIç <u&GrIç vIyf½Sm;rIç a&GUoGm;rIwdkYonfvnf;aumif;
'd|udk,fawGUwdkYcsnf;omwnf;/
xdkYtwl xdktrlt&mwdkY\ tajctaeysufrIç trlt&m
ajymif;vJrIç wpfrsKd;wpfrsKd;ay:vmrIç trlt&mjcm;rIç a&SUtrl
aemuftrl rwlrIwdkYonf 'd|dudk,fawGUwdkYcsnf;omwnf;/
trlt&m wpfckwpfckudkrlum; "mwfwpfyg;wpfyg;[lí
ÓPfESifh jcm;em;íum; rjrifMuukef? tvHk;pHkaom trlt&mpkudk
edrdwfBuD;ESifh wpfckwnf;jyKíom jrifMuukef\? udk,fudk prf;vQif
ylrSef;od\? aEG;rSef;od\? at;rSef;od\? awaZm"mwfBuD;ay[lí
rodMu/
edrdwfESifh wpfckwnf;jyKí udk,fylonf? ausmylonf? 0rf;yl
onf- tp½Sdonfjzifh odMu\? tylaysmufNyD? taEG;aysmufNyD?

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

43

tat;aysmufNyD[k odMu\/
xkdaysmufrIukd awaZm\ aorIç csKyfrI[laom r&P"mwf
Bu;D ay-[lí rodMu? ylvmNyçD ylrI jzpfay:vmNyD at;vmNyçD at;rI
jzpfay:vmNyD[k odMu\? xkdjzpfay:rIukd Zmwd"r®BuD; wpfrsdK;ay[lí rodMu/

32- aum|moü "mwfcGJykH
vl w pf u k d , f ü um, 32- yg; ½S d j cif ; -- xkdtvkH;pkHukd
xif½Sm; apjcif;iSg 'Gwåðoum,ESifhpyfí jyqkdtHh/
y#dorÇd'gr*f ygVdawmfü -]]auoum,H? avmrum,H? ecum,H? 'EÅum,H?}}
tp½Sdonfjzifh a[mawmfrlaomaMumifh wpfa,mufaom
ol\ ukd,f oEÅmefü auoum,ç avmrum, tp½Sdjzifh
um,aygif; 32- yg; ½Sd\? ukd,fcE©maygif; 32-yg;½Sd\ [lvkd/

qHyif ponfukd ½IykH
qHyifaygif; 2-uka# 4-oef; ½SdonfqkdaomaMumifh
auoum, aygif; 2-uka# 4-oef;½Sd\? qHyifac:aom ukd,f
cE¨maygif; 2-uka# 4-oef;½Sd\ [lvkd/
xkdtwl arG;nif;ac:aom ukd,fcE¨maygif; 9-aomif; 9axmif ½Sd\/
ajconf;ç vufonf;ac:aom ukd,fcE¨maygif; 20-½Sd\/
oGm;ac:aom ukd,fcE¨maygif; 32-yg;½Sd\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

44

ta& ac:aom ukd,fcE¨maygif; 2-yg;½Sd\/
tom; ac:aom ukd,fcE¨maygif; 9-&m½Sd\/
taMum ac:aom ukd,fcE¨maygif; 9-&m½Sd\/
t½kd; ac:aom ukd,fcE¨maygif; 3-&m½Sd\? þokdY ponfjzifh
cGJavOD;/
qHyifü um,BuD; 4- yg;cGJykH--- qHyifwpfcküvnf;1/ yx0Dum,
2/ tmaygum,
3/ awaZmum,
4/ 0ga,mum,
[lí um,BuD; 4-yg; ½Sd\/
yx0D u m,/

/ qHyifwpfckvkH;ü trmcHjzpfaom cuf
rmrI Bud , m taygif ; onf yx0D
um, rnf\/
tmaygum,/ / zGJUap;rI Bud,m taygif;onf tmayg
um, rnf\/
awaZmum,/ / ylaomtcgü ylrItaygif;ç at;aom
tcgü at;rItaygif;onf awaZm
um, rnf\/
0ga,mum,/ / awaZmum,\ t½S d e f j zpf a om
axmufuefrçI vIy½f mS ;rI taygif;onf
0ga,mum, rnf\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

45

þokv
Yd Qif qHyifwpfcv
k ;Hk ü um,Bu;D av;yg;½S\
d ? uk,
d cf E¨m
BuD;av;yg; ½Sd\-[lvkdonf/
qH y if ü "mwf 3-yg;ed r d w f 2-yg; cG J y k H
xdu
k m,Bu;D av;yg;wd\
Yk rpJjzpf ay:rIç rpJysuq
f ;Hk rI[al om
vu©Pm"mwfBuD; ESpfyg;vnf; ½Sd\/
uvmyfzGJU uvmyfcJwdkY\ xuf0ef;usif tjcm;ç a½SUaemuf
tjcm;[laom tmumoy&dapä'"mwfBuD;vnf; ½Sd\/
pdwf0dnmPf zefqif;í jyojzifh xifjrifíaeMuaom
oP²mef edrdwfBuD;vnf; ½Sd\/
xdo
k P²meftwdik ;f ESpçf v t½Snw
f nfaeonf[k xifjrifí
aeMu aom oEÅwdedrdwfBuD;vnf; ½Sd\/
þedrw
d Bf u;D ESpyf g;wdo
Yk nfum; pdwx
f w
J iG f xifjrifMu&aom
ynwfrQwo
Ykd mwnf;? xdq
k yH ifwpfouf xdek rd w
d Bf u;D wdo
Yk nf jru
J ek \
f ?
vlaoírS rysufMuukefao;? okomefajrrSm waxG;vkH;vkH;
wnf½SdMuukefao;\/ xdkedrdwfBuD;ESpfyg;wdkYrSm jzpfrI[lívnf;r½Sd?
ysufrI[lívnf;r½Sd? tedpövnf; r½Sd? 'ku©vnf; r½Sd? edpö"r®rsdK;wdkY
omwnf;/
xdek rd w
d Bf u;D ESpyf g;wd\
Yk rS&D mjzpfaom um,Bu;D av;yg;wd\
Yk
xdkb0ü tppGmaom jzpfay:rIudk xdkedrdwfwdkY\ jzpfay:rI[k
xifjrifMu&uke\
f ? okomefajrrSm um,Bu;D av;yg;wd\
Yk tqk;H pGef
aom ysufrIudk xdkedrdwfwdkY\ ysufrI[k xifjrifMu&ukef\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

46

xdkYaMumifh xdkedrdwfwdkYudkom odjrifxifpGJí aeMuukefaom
owå0gwdo
Yk nf xdq
k yH ifrmS wpfcgjzpfç wpfcgysuo
f m½So
d nf[k odjrif
xifrSwfí aeMuukef\? raorDtMum;ü xdkol touf½SnforQ
umvywfvkH; tEÅ&m,fr½SdvQif okomefajrodkY a&mufonfwdkif
atmif xdkqHyif tcgcgjzpfonfç tcgcgysufonf[lí r½SdNyD[k
odjrifxifrw
S í
f aeMuuke\
f ? owå0gwd\
Yk ud,
k cf E¨mwpfcv
k ;Hk onf
edrdwåwkH;BuD;ç edpöwkH;BuD; xifjrifpGJrSwfí aeMuukef\/
qH y if ü oP² m eed r d w f zk H ; vT r f ; yk H - xdkedrdwfBuD; 2-yg;wdkY
wGif oP²me edrw
d Bf u;D onf qHyifü½Sad om um,Bu;D av;yg;wdu
Yk kd
qHyif[k wpfckwnf;jyKí zkH;vTrf;\/
qHyifü½Sdaom cufrmrIudk yx0D"mwf[k cGJjcrf;í rodMu
ukef? qHyifcufrmonf[líom odMuukef\/
zGUJ ap;rIukd tmayg"mwf[k cGjJ crf;í rodMuuke?f qHyifzUJG ap;
onf [líom odMuukef\?
ylrIç at;rIudk awaZm"mwf[k cGJjcr;fí rodMuukef?
qHyifylonfç qHyifat;onf [líom odMuukef\/
axmufuefawmifhwif;rIudk 0ga,m"mwf[k cGJjcrf;í
rodMuukef? qHyifawmifhwif;onf[líom odMuukef\/
qH y if ü oEÅ w d e d r d w f zk H ; vT r f ; ykH-- oEÅwdedrdwfBuD;onf
xdk"mwfBuD; av;yg;wdkY\ wpfem&DtwGif;rSm tcgwpf&mç tcg
wpfaxmifru wokwfwokwf csKyfysufaoqkH;rIç wokwfwokwf
topftopf jzpfay:rIwdkYudk vkHjcHKvSpGm zkH;uG,fí a½SUaemuf

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

47

tpOfjzpfukefaom xdkwokwfwokwfwdkYudk qHyifwpfckwnf; jyKí
wpfoufvkH;ü onfqHyif[k xifrSwfrSm;ap\/
"mwfBuD; 4-yg;wdkYum; tedpörsdK;wdkYwnf;? edrdwfBuD; 2yg;wdkYum; edpörsdK;wdkYwnf;? t[kwf½Sdaom w&m;rsdK; r[kwfaom
aMumifh ysufp&m r½SdonfhtwGuf edpörsdK;jzpfavownf;/
ylrIat;rIwdkY\ udpö/
/ xdkqHyifü um,BuD;av;yg;
wdkYwGif-awaZmum,qdkonfum;--- rD;pkrD;cJwnf;? ylrIç aEG;rIç
at;rIç csrf;rI tpktcJwnf;? ylrIç at;rIwdkY\ udpöBuD;um; 2yg;om ½Sd\/
1/ twlwuG teD;tpyfjzpfaom yx0Dum,ç tmayg
um,ç 0ga,mum,wdkYudk cPrpJ ukefqkH;atmif
tjrJavmifrI udpöwpfyg;/
2/ xdkum,BuD; 3-yg;wdkYudk avmifrdç pGJrdç cJrdonfESihf
wpfNydKifeuf tjrJrD;yGg;rI udpöBuD;wpfyg;/
þodYk ylrüI udpBö u;D 2-yg;ç at;rIü udpBö u;D 2-yg; toD;oD;
½SMd u\/
þpum;ü rD;yGg;rIqdkonfum;--1/ tyltqifhqifh yGg;rI
2/ tat;tqifhqifh yGg;rIudk qdkownf;/
ylrIç at;rI topftopf rD;yGg;wdkif; <uif;aom um,BuD;
3-yg;wdkYonf tjrJyg½SdMuukef\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

48

rD ; yG g ;rI u d k jrif a tmif ½ I - - rD;yGg;ykH tjcif;t&mudkum;
avmuü ½Sm;rD;cJ &J&BJ u;D udk aphaphMunfí
h vnf;aumif;? rD;awmuf
rD;vQHudk aphaphMunfhívnf;aumif;? OPSrD;yGg;rIudk odjrif&m\/
jrpfa&t,Ofçprf;a&t,Ofrsm;udk Munfhí oDwrD;yGg;rIudk
odjrif&m\? vIyv
f yI ½f ½G G wzGm;zGm;ay:rIç wufrçI wawGawG pD;xGurf I
wdkYudk qdkvdkonf/
tMuifrQavmufaom aeYç &ufç vçESpfwdkY umvywfvkH;
xdq
k yH ifü awaZmum,Bu;D rD;yGg;rI tcGi&hf ½S\
d ? xdrk Qavmufaom
umvywfvkH; qHyif[laom oP²meedrdwfç oEÅwdedrdwfwdkYonf
xifjrif&ukef\? rD;yGg;rI ukefqkH;vQif trSDr½Sdí xifp&m jrifp&m
r½Sd? uG,faysmufMuukef\/
þrD;yGg;rIudk ÓPfpl;pdkufrdchJvQif qHyifwpfckvkH; tNrJedpö
w½G½G aeonfudk xifjrifEdkifMuukefvwåHU/
qHyifwpfcük aumif;aumif;jrifcaJh yvQif owå0gwd\
Yk ud,
k f
cE¨m½Sd ½kypf ½k yk cf w
J u
Ykd kd rqdx
k m;bd? r[myx0DajrBu;D ç jrif;rd&k af wmif
BuD;wdkYESifhwuG awmç awmifç opfyiftp½Sdaom ½kyfpk½kyfcJwdkYonf
ÓPfü w½G½GawGjzpfí ukefvwåHU/
w½G½G xifjrifchJvQif xdkw½G½G qdk&aom trIrsdK;ü tusç
twufç tysuçf tjzpfawGukd zufpyfí qd&k aom trIrsKd ;aywnf;/
xdkYaMumifh--1/ a½S;a½S;tokwfrS um,BuD; 4-yg; ysufqkH;rItpGef;?

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

49

2/

aemufaemuftokwfrS um,BuD; 4-yg; topfopf
jzpfay:rI tpGef;?
3/ xdktpGef; 2-yg;ç 2-yg;wdkY\ tMum;ü tjywfBuD;
tjywfBu;D taeESifh tjryJ g½Sad om tmumoy&dapä'rI?
þtpGef; 2-yg;ç tjcm;wpfckudkvnf; twyfodjrifEdkifMu
uke&f mownf;/
þum; tpOftjrJtm;jzifh owå0gwdkY\ udk,fcE¨mESifhwuG
wpfavmu vk;H ü aeç vç eu©ww
f u
Ykd kd t&if;jyKí wpfaeYwpfaeYü
yifvQif y[dk&ftydkif; tjcm;ç ,mrftydkif;tjcm;tm;jzifh wufwkHç
qkww
f jHk zpfíaeMuaom OPS "mwfr;D ç oDw"mwfr;D wdu
Yk kd tpGjJ yKí
yuwdaom qHyifü um,BuD; 4-yg;ç tpGef;BuD; 2-yg;ç tjcm;BuD;
1-yg;wd k Y u d k azmf j yaomtcsuf w nf ; ? csd y f c J O yrmES i f h , S O f í
MunfhMuav/
vIy½f mS ;aom qHyifüum; Burd v
f ;Hk OyrmESihf ,SOí
f MunfMh u
av? tvG e f x if ½ S m ;\? xif ½ S m ;vS a om vI y f ½ S m ;rI r sd K ;upí
todÓPfç tjrifÓPfudk ½Sif;vif;atmif wnfaxmifMuav/
qH y if ü Oyg'g½k y f 4-yg; cG J y k H
þqHyifü-0PÖç *E¨ç &oç MoZm[laom Oyg'g½kyf 4-ck
use½f adS o;\? um,Bu;D 4-yg;wk\
Yd jzpfrçI ysurf u
I dk xifjrifEidk yf gvQif
Oyg'g½kyfwkdY\ jzpfrIç ysufrIwkdYukdvnf; xifjrifEkdifawmhonf/
ok&Yd mwGi-f tqif;[laom 0PÖ"mwfonf oP²meferd w
d Bf u;D
ESifh tvGefeD;pyfvS\? þtqif;[laom 0PÖ"mwfukd rIefYrIefY

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

50

nufnufausatmif ÓPfEiS hf txl;acszsu&f vdrrhf nf? yx0Dum,
BuD;ysufrIukd ½IcJhvQif 0PÖ"mwfysufrIukdvnf; waygif;wnf; yg
atmif½/I
xkdYtwl tmaygum,BuD; tzGJUtwG,fjyKwfysufrIç aw
aZmum,BuD; tyltat;ukefqkH;rIç 0ga,mum,BuD; t½Sdefao
aysmufrw
I u
Ydk dk ½Icv
hJ Qif 0PÖ"mwfysurf v
I nf; waygif;wnf; ygav
atmif txl;tm;xkwf&rnf[k qkdvkdonf/
qHyifü rnf;aom tqif;ukd aMumifaMumifjrifMuvsuf
"mwftoD; tjcm;[k rodMu? "mwftoD; tjcm;[k odMuvsuf
jcm;em;í rjrifMu/
teHYç t&omç MoZmwkdYüvnf; þenf;wlqkdav/
arG;nif;paom aum|moü "mwfcGJykH-- þqHyifü uJhokdY
arG;nif;ç ajconf;ç vufonf;ç oGm;ç ta&tp½Sdaom <uif;aom
aum|mo
owk d Y ü vnf ; um,BuD ; 4-yg;ç tpG e f ; 2-yg;ç
tmumoy&dapä' 1-yg;ç edrdwfBuD; 2-yg;wkdYukd toD;toD;
txiftjrifaygufatmif tm;xkwfMuav/
yx0D a um|moü ed r d w f M uD ; 2-yg; t"d y Ü g ,f
xk<d uif;aom aum|mowkw
Yd iG -f -- arG;nif;rS wpfyg;aom
18-yg;aom yx0Daum|mowkdYü edrdwfBuD; 2-yg; BuD;us,fvS\/
oP²meedrdwf---oP²meedrdwfrnfonf tPkjrLrQ txnf
0w¬K j'AfoP²mef xifjrifvmvQif oP²me edrdwfBuD; yifwnf;/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

51

oEÅ w d e d r d w f - - oEÅwdedrdwf rnfonfum; þ0w¬Konf
wpfrdepf wnfae\? wpfem&Dwnfae\[k xifjrifvmvQif
oEÅwdedrdwfyifwnf;/
rkefYnif;aphi,fawGukd awmifBuD;zkH;zdí xm;bdouJhokdY
t[kwf trSef½Sdjzpfaom y&rwf"mwfBuD;awGukd t[kwftrSef½Sd
r[kwf pdw0f n
d mPf vkyMf uv
H n
S phf m;í jyrIEiS hf xifjrifíae&aom
xked rd w
d Bf u;D 2-yg;wko
Yd nf zk;H tkyu
f ,
G u
f mí xm;tyfuek \
f ? y&rwf
"mwfBuD;awGukd ½Sif;½Sif;vif;vif; azmfxkwfí edrdwfBuD;awGukd
ÓPfESifh oefoefrIwfvGifhí ypfMuav/
tvif ; a&mif a &muf trk d u f a rS m if a ysmuf
trkdufarSmif rnfonfukd ta&miftvif;onfom i,f
Ek d i f j zpf \ ? nOf h t cg wk d u f c ef ; ü jynf h í aeaom arS m if v k H ; ç
arSmifcJBuD;ukd ta&mifwpfckonfom Ekdif\? ta&mifrSwpfyg;
xkdarSmifukdEkdifaom t&mr½Sd? AkH;BuD;ç tajrmufBuD;ESifh ypfcGif;í
zsuq
f ;D aomfvnf; aysmufysuaf tmif rwwfEidk ?f rD;a&mifvmcJv
h Qif
tPkjrLrQrusef cPcsif; tvkdvkd uG,f aysmuf\/
ed r d w å a rS m if u k d ÓPf a &mif j zif h y ,f
xkt
Yd wl edrw
d å arSmifBu;D ukv
d nf; "mwf obm0ukd jrifaom
ÓPfa&mifonf i,fEkdifjzpf\/ ÓPfa&mifay:vQif tvkdvkd
uG,faysmuf\? edrdwåarSmifBuD; zkH;vTrf;rIqkdonfESifh t0dZÆmarm[
arSmifBuD; zkH;vTrf;rIqkdonfum; twlwlyif/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

52

pdwfoEÅmefü oar®m[w&m;BuD; ½SdaeaomaMumifh pdwf
0dnmPfonf xkdedrdwåarSmifBuD;awGukd zefqif;Ekdifavonf/ pdwf
oEÅmefü "mwftjrif aygufaomÓPf wpwp ay:ívmvQif
oar®m[w&m;Bu;D wpwp jy,faysmuf\? pdw0f n
d mPf vSnphf m;rI
vnf; wpwp uG,faysmuf\/
xkd oar®m[w&m;BuD;aMumifh pdwf0dnmPftrIjzpfaom
edrw
d aå rSmifBu;D 2-yg; tjrx
J ifjrifíaeojzifh edpö 'd|Bd u;D ç twå'|d Bd u;D
2-yg;wkdY rif;rlíaeukef\? xkd'd|dBuD;wkdYrS 'kpö½kdufq,fyg;wkdYonf
xGufukef\? 'kpö½kdufq,fyg;wkdYrS tyg,fb0 tyg,fcE¨mwkdYonf
jzpfuek \
f /
'd | d a b;BuD ; ç 'k p ö ½ k d u f a b;BuD ; ç tyg,f a b;BuD ; wk d Y u k d
aMumufvefY Muukefrlum; "mwftjrifaygufaom ÓPfa&mif
tvif;ukd tm;wkduf xlaxmifMuavukef/
rsuf p d 2-vk H ; wd r f o vmzk H ; ol y rm
rsupf d 2-zuf yom'½kyMf unfudk wdrf ovmBu;D xlxyfpmG
zkH;vTrf;vsuf½Sdaom olonf aeYaMumifaMumifrSmyif arSmifBuD;
0kdif;íae\? arSmifBuD;ukdom jrifíae\? xkdol xifjrifíaeaom
arSmifBu;D um; aeYaMumifaMumifjzpfí t[kw½f adS om arSmif r[kw?f
xkdolpdwf0dnmPf xifrdxif&m jrifrdjrif&m r[kwfw½kyfMuD;
oufoufomwnf;/
rsufpOf;aq;0g;ukd tm;xkwfrSD0Jí wdrfovm uGmaysmuf
ojzifh twGif;ü yom'½kyfMunf ay:ívmvQif xkd0kdif;íaeaom

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

53

arSmifxkBuD; tvkdvkd yaysmufav\/
rsufpdrjrifolESifh þowå0gwkdYonf wlukef\/
rsufpdESifh pdwfoEÅmef wl\/
yom'½kyfMunfESifh yuwdÓPfonf wl\/
wdrfovmESifh t0dZÆm oar®m[w&m;BuD;onf wl\/
pdwfa½S;½I&m t&yfq,frsufESm 0dkif;íaeaom arSmifBuD;ESifh
edrdwfBuD;wdkYonf wlukef\/
pd w å 0 d y v’ m oteEÅ - - owå0gwdkY\ yuwdaom pdwf
0dnmPfrnfonf t[kwt
f rSeu
f kd [kwrf eS o
f nft
h wdik ;f xifjrifí
aerI tvGeef nf;yg;\? r[kwrf rSef xifjrifíaerIum; wpfa,muf
wpfa,mufrSmyif teEÅ rsm;jym;\/
onf ; ajc½l ; tvm; yk x k Z Of p d w f r sm;
onf;ajcysufí tvGefBuD; azmufjyefíae aom t½l;\
pdwfonf rD;ukd a½Txif\? a& jyifukd ajrjyifxif\? aumif;uifukd
a&jyif xif\? opfyifawmcsKHawGukd a½TbkHa½Teef;awG xif\?
xkdjrifrIonf pdwf 0dnmPfvSnfhpm;rIoufoufomwnf;/
"mwftjrif raygufaom ykxkZOf owå0gwkdY\pdwfonf
xkd t½l;pdwfESifh xyfwlyifwnf;? t½l;\pdwfrSm bmrS r[kwfç
bmrSr½Sdaom aumif;uifukd a&jyifBuD;ç yifv,fjyifBuD; t[kwf
trSef xifjrifíaerIESifh ykxkZOf owå0gwkdY\pdwfrSm edrdwfBuD; 2yg; xifjrifí aerIwlvS\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

54

½ky"f mwfç emrf"mwfwo
Ydk nfom t[kw½f dS trSe½f dS jzpfuek \
f ?
xkd t[kwf½Sd trSef½SdwkdYum; rsufawmifwpfcwf vQyfwpfjyufrQ
ckdifjrJaom edpörsKd; r[kwfukef? tvkdokdYvkdufwwfaom twårsKd;
r[kwfukef? tedpörsKd;ç tewårsKd;wkdYom jzpfukef\/
edrw
d Bf u;D 2-yg;wku
Yd m; t[kw½f dS trSe½f dS r[kw?f pdwf 0dnmPf
xifcsiw
f wfwidk ;f xifjrifíaeaom txnfj'AfBu;D jzpfí edpt
ö aeç
twåtae xifjrifí aeMuukef\/
edrdwfBuD;2-yg;qkdonfvnf; txnfj'Af r[kwfaom
½kyf"mwfç emrf"mwfukdyif txnfj'Af jyKvkyfí xifjrifaom
trIwnf;/
t½l;onf aumif;uifBuD;ukd a&[lí twyf xifjrif\?
t½l;xif onfhtwkdif; a&r[kwfonfhtwGufaMumifh a&udpöü
tokH;oufouf rus? a&[k xifjrifcsufESifh trufBuD; tpGJBuD;
wpfck jzpfae½kHrQom ½Sd\/
xkdYtwl owå0gwkdYonf ½kyf"mwfçemrf"mwfwkdYukd edrdwfBuD;
2-yg; jyKvkyfí edpöç twå xifjrifí aeMuukef\? owå0gwkdY
xifjrifonfhtwkdif; r[kwfonfhtwGufaMumifh xkd½kyf"mwfç
emrf"mwfwo
Ydk nf edpu
ö pd çö twå udpEö iS hf oufouf tok;H rusuek /f
ed p ö u d p ö ç twå u d p ö rnf y k H
edpu
ö pd çö twåupd q
ö o
dk nfum;-- apmifah ½Smuf rIç axmufyrHh çI
arG;jrL jyKjyifrIwkdYESifh tcsif; cyfodrf; vGwfuif;í tESpfwpf&mç
tESpfwpf axmifponfjzifh owå0gwkdY tvkd½SdorQ umvywfvkH;
rk;d BuKd ;yif ypfaomf vnf; azmufjyefjcif;r½Sb
d J yuwdtwkid ;f wnfae

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

55

rIonf edpöudpöç twå udpörnf\/
rD ; awmuf y rm
½k y f e mrf cE¨ m
½kyfcE¨mç emrfcE¨mwkdYü xkdudpö ESpfcsuf oufouf r½Sd? rD;pmç
qDç a&eHqDwkdYukd tpGJjyKí jzpf& wnfae&aom rD;awmufonf
rD;pmç qDç a&eH qDwkdYavsmhyg;ukefvQif avsmhyg;&awmhonf? rD;pmç
qDç a&eHqDwkdY ukefqkH;vQif aoqkH;&awmhonf? rD;pmç qDç a&eHqD
wkEYd iS hf uif;í yuwdtaeESihf rsuaf wmif wpfcwfpmrQ wnfwpHh mG
raeEkid ?f ao&av\/ rD;pmç qDç a&eHqw
D yYdk if tjynft
h pkH ½SMd uukef
aomfvnf; avç a& tp½Sad om tEÅ&m,f zsuq
f ;D jyefvQif cPcsi;f
aoqkH;jyefonf/
½kyfemrfwkdY wnfykHçysufykH-- xkdESifhxyfwl owå0gwkdY\
½kycf E¨mç emrf cE¨mwko
Yd nf trd0rf;ü trdu,
dk rf S jzpfuek af om Owkç
tm[m&wku
Yd dk tpGjJ yKí jzpf& wnf&uke\
f ? xkOd wkç tm[m&wkEYd iS hf
uif;í rsuaf wmifwpfcwfpmrQ wnfwphH mG raeEkid f ysuq
f ;Hk &uke\
f /
zGm;jrifonfrS aemufüvnf; xrif; tpma&pmwkrYd S jzpfuek f
aom Owkç tm[m&wkdYukd tpGJjyKí jzpf&ç wnf&ukef\? xkdOwkç
tm[m&wkEYd iS hf uif;í rsuaf wmifwpfcwfpmrQ tZÑwcå E¨mwko
Yd nf
wnfwHhpGmraeEkdif ysufqkH;& jyefukef\/
xkdOwkç tm[m&wkdY axmufyHhrI ½Sdaeukefaomfvnf; ukd,f
wGif; tEÅ&m,fç ukd,fytEÅ&m,fwkdY tjyif;txef xdyg;cJhjyefvQif
cPcsif; ysufqkH;& jyefukef\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

56

uk,
d w
f iG ;f ü xrif;a&pmwkrYd S jzpfygG ;aom Owk[al om "mwfr;D ç
tm[m&[laom "mwfqDwkdYESifh uif;vsufvnf;aumif;? twGif;ç
ty tEÅ&m,f jyif;xefpGm xdyg;vsufvnf;aumif;ç azmufjyef
jcif;r½SdbJ rdrdwkdY\ edpö *kPfowåd tpGrf;ESifhaomfvnf;aumif;ç
owå0gwkdY\ tvkdokdYvkdufrI[laom twå*kPfowåd tpGrf;ESifh
aomfvnf;aumif;ç yuwdtaetm;jzifh rsufawmifwpf cwfpmrQ
wnfEkdifrI r½SdMuavukef/
ocFg& 'ku©udpö-- þavmuwGif a&owå0gç ukef;owå0g
wkdYü toufarG;rIudpöç tpmtm[m&½SmrSD; pm;aomuf rIudpö
ukd,fwGif;ukd,fy ab;tEÅ&m,fwkdYukd tjrJowdjyKrIudpö? þocFg&
'ku© udpBö u;D wkEYd iS hf aeYç&uf½o
dS rQ Muyfwnf;pGm aMumifMh upku
d x
f u
k í
f
aeMu& onfum; 'd|rsufjrifaywnf;/

oP²meedrdwfç oEÅwdedrdwfwdkYü edpö*kPfowådç
twå*kPfowåd r½SdyHk
xdkocFg&'ku© udpöBuD;wdkYudk vTwfxm;í rdrdcE¨mwdkY\
edpö*kPfowådç twå*kPfowådoufoufESifh wpfoufvHk; wnfae
Edik af omol[í
l avmuü wpfpw
kH pfa,mufrQr½S?d wpfaeYwpf&ufrQ
raeEkid Mf u? wpfBurd rf 0DS aJ om tpmtm[m& "mwfq\
D wpfu,
kd v
f ;kH
yHHsUEShHaxmufyHhrIonf vlwdkYü 7-&uf [l\? ewfwdkYü wpfvç ESpfv
[l\? xdk"mwfqDt,Ofjywfonfaemuf rsufawmifwpfcwfrQ
tZÑwåcE¨mwdkY rwnfEkdifukef? OwkZ½kyfMurf;wdkYonfom olao
aumiftjzpfESifh usef&pfukefawmhonf/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

57

edrw
d Bf u;D ESpyf g;wko
Yd nf xdck E¨mwd\
Yk xdu
k o
hJ aYkd om ysuq
f ;kH rI
udk tPkjrLudkrQ wm;jrpfckcHEkdifMuonf r[kwfukef? þowå0g
taygif;wdkYonfrlum; ocFg&'ku©rIBuD;awGESifh tMuyftwnf;
aMumifhMupdkufEdkifvSí cE¨mtpOfrjywfbJ ESpfç v½SnfMum touf
½Snfí aeMu&ygonfudk edrdwfBuD;wdkY\ edpötpGrf;ç twåtpGrf;ç
ZD0tpGrf;[k xifrSwfarSmwfrSm;í aeMuukef\/
cE¨mwdkYonfvnf;aumif;ç edrdwfwdkYonfvnf;aumif;
tu,fí tvdkvdkufrI[laom twåtpGrf; ½dSMuukefonfjzpftHh?
xdck E¨mç edrw
d w
f o
Ykd nf jyKjyifrEI iS u
hf if;íyif owå0gwdaYk evdo
k rQ ESpçf
vrsm;pGm wpf&mç wpfaxmifponf wnfaeEdik Mf uuke&f m\? owå0g
wdkY\ tvdkoufoufESifh wpf&ufç wpfem&D wnfaeEkdifMuonf
r[kwfukef? xdkYaMumifh twåtpGrf;[lí tPkjrLrQ r½SdMuonfudk
rkcs odjrifEkdif\/
tu,fí wpfaeYwpf&uf ½SnEf idk af om toufZ0D ½SMd uukef
onf jzpft?hH wpfaeYç wpf&uftwGi;f rSm rd;k BuKd ;wpf&mqdik í
f ypfaomf
vnf; xdkcE¨mwdkY rysufukef&m/
tu,fí wpf&ufç ESpf&uf&SnfEdkifaom touf? okH;&uf
&SnfEdkifaom touf? wpfv&SnfEdkifaom touf ponfqdkav/
tu,fí tESpw
f pf&m ½SnEf ikd af om toufZ0D ½Su
d ek o
f nf
jzpftHh? xdkcE¨mç xdkedrdwfwdkYonf jyKjyifarG;jrLrIESifhuif;íyif tESpf
wpf&m ½SnEf idk u
f ek &f m\? tESpw
f pf&m\twGi;f rSm rd;k BuKd ;wpf&myif
qdkifíypfaomfvnf; rysufEkdifMuukef&m? xdkodkY rysufEkdifukefonf
um; r[kw?f tm[m& t,Ofjywfcv
hJ Qif b,ftcgrqdk ysuq
f ;kH Mu

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

58

ukef\/ tEÅ&m,fjyif;xefpGm xdcdkufvQifvnf; b,ftcg rqdk
ysuq
f ;Hk Muuke\
f /
xdkYaMumifh wpfem&D½SnfEkdifaom toufZD0[lí tPkjrLrQ
r½Sd? wpf&ufponf ½SnfEkdifaom toufZD0rSm a0;avpG? apmifh
a½SmufrIç arG;jrLrIç jyKjyifrI tpGrf;oufoufESifhom aeYç &ufç vç
ESpf t½Snfwnf ½SdEkdifMuukefonf[k rkcsod&m\/
twå r [k w f ç
tvd k o d k Y rvd k u f y H k
cE¨mwdkYonf twå [kwfyg ukef\? twå rSefygukef\?
aumif;aumif;jyKjyifí ay;cJhygvQif tEÅ&m,fvnf; uif;cJhygvQif
toufwrf;½SdorQ jynfhrD½kH tvdkodkY vdkufygukef\/
cE¨mwdkYonf yk*¾dKvf [kwfygukef\? owå0g [kwfygukef\?
ig[kwfyg ukef\? ig[kwfaomaMumifhyifvQif ightvdkodkY vdkufyg
uke\
f /
cE¨mwdkYudk igtpdk;&yg\? ighukd,f [kwfyg\? igESifhcE¨m
wpfckwnf; yifjzpf\/
ightvdo
k v
Ykd u
kd Mf uyHu
k m;wpfoufvHk; ig\cE¨mwdkYESifhyif igtvdk½Sd&m jyKvkyfí
vmcJo
h nf? a½St
h zdv
Yk nf; touf½o
dS rQ umvywfv;kH ighcE¨mwdEYk iS yhf if
igtvdk½Sd&m jyKvkyfí oGm;&ygvdrfhOD;[k qdkMuukefjim;tHHh/
xdkpum;ü-

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

59

]]aumif;aumif;jyKjyifí ay;cJyh gvQif tEÅ&m,fvnf; uif;cJh
ygvQif toufwrf;½So
d rQ jynfrh ½D Hk tvdyk guke\
f }} [laomtqdrk mS jyKjyifí ay;rSyif tvdkodkY vdkufEkdifMuukefonf? jyKjyifí
ray;cJv
h Qif tvdo
k rYkd vdu
k Mf uuke[
f k qd&k mus\? tvd\
k tpGr;f ESihf
tvdk½Sdwdkif; rNyD;pD;EkdifaomaMumifh jyKjyifrIudk y"mexm;&\?
tvdo
k v
Ykd u
kd af om tjcif;t&m xifjrif&onfrmS jyKjyifrt
I pGr;f ouf
oufom? tvd\
k tpGr;f r[kw?f tvdo
k Ykd vdu
k rf q
I o
kd nfrmS pdwx
f if
oufoufom[k xdkpum;ESifhyif xif½Sm;NyD; jzpfownf;? odrfarGU
pGm\/
"mwf B uD ; av;yg;jrif v Qif
ynwf a ysmuf j cif ;
]]cE¨mwdo
Yk nf yk*Kd¾ vf [kwyf guke\
f ? owå0g [kwyf guke\
f ?
ig [kwfyg ukef\}} [laom pum;üedrdwfBuD;ESpfyg;wdkYonf cE¨m[kwfMuukefvQifç "mwfBuD;
av;yg;[kwMf uukev
f Qif cE¨mwdo
Yk nf yk*Kd¾ vçf owå0gç ig[kwMf uay
uke&f m\/
edrdwfBuD;wdkYonf cE¨mr[kwf? "mwfBuD;av;yg;r[kwf?
bmrQr[kwf? aumif;uifudk a&jyif[k t½l;\ pdwfazmufjyefrIESifh
xyfwl rdrw
d Ykd pdwf 0dnmPfvn
S phf m;rI oufoufjzpfaMumif;udk a½S;ü
xif½mS ;pGm jyqdck NhJ y?D tedprö sKd ;jzpfaom cE¨mwdYk "mwfwu
Ykd kd edprö sKd ;jzpf
aom edrdwfBuD;ESpfyg;wdkY vTrf;jcHKíaeukef\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

60

edrw
d Bf u;D ESpyf g;wd\
Yk tay:rSm yk*Kd¾ vçf owå0gç igç olwpfyg;ç
a,musfm;ç rdef;r[laom owåynwfBuD; xyfqifhí ae\?
odrfarGUpG/
arSmifEiS rhf ;D a&mif OyrmuJo
h Ykd "mwfBu;D av;yg;wdu
Yk kd Oyg'fpeG ;f ç
bifpGef;wdkYESifhwuG xif½Sm;pGm jrifEdkifBurS xdkedrdwåynwfç owå
ynwfwdkY tvdkvdk uG,faysmufukefownf;/
]]cE¨mwdYk ig[kwaf omaMumifyh ifvQif ightvdo
k Ykd vdu
k yf guke\
f ?
igwpfoufv;kH ighcE¨mwdEYk iS yhf ifvQif igtvd½k &dS m jyKvyk í
f vmcJo
h nf}}
[laom pum;üjyKjyif r I a Mumif h
cE¨ m ud k , f w nf a ejcif ;
aemufaemuf aeY&ufwdkYü tvdk½Sd&m MuHrIç zefrIç ajymrIç
qdkrIç udk,ft*FgBuD;i,f vIyf½Sm; oGm;vm jyKvkyfrItvHk;pHkwdkYonf
a½S;a½S;aeY&ufwdkYu tpma&pm ponfwdkYESifh arG;jrL jyKjyifrIwdkY\
tpGrf;aMumifhom aemufaemufaeY&ufwdkYrSm jzpfay:Edkifukef\?
tvdk\tpGrf; owådaMumifh tvdkodkYvdkufEdkifMuaom tpGrf;½SdMu
ukefí aemufaemuf aeY&ufwdkYü jzpfay:EdkifMuonfr[kwf/
a½S;a½S;aeY&ufbdkYü arG;jrLjyKjyifrI r½Sdygrlum; tZÑwåcE¨m
ig;yg;wdkYonf a½S;a½S;aeY&ufwdkYü trd0rf;u zGm;jrifprSmyif
csKyyf suu
f ek q
f ;kH &m\? aemufaemufaeY&ufoYkd ra&mufvmMuuke&f m
NyD? rsufjrifuJhodkYyif xif½Sm;vS\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

61

jyKjyifrIESifhodrIwdkYudk "mwfcGJjyjcif;-- qdkzG,ftxl;um;ocFg&w&m;rsdK;rnfonf b,fvdkjyKjyifvQif b,fvdkjzpf\[k odí
tvdk½Sd&m jzpfvm&ef jyKjyifíay;vQif tvdk½Sd&m jzpfvm\?
jyKjyifrIESifhuif;í tvdkoufoufESifh jzpfvmonfr½Sd? ]]rE¨mwf
rif;BuD;onf vufyrf;aygufcwfvdkufvQif aumif;uifrS &wemrdk;
&Gmvm &onf}}[l&mü xdo
k jYkd zpfEikd &f ef a½S;b0wdüYk uHtxl;udk jyKrçI
vufyrf; aygufcwfrI[laom jyKjyifrI½SdrSom &wemrdk;&GmrI
jzpfvmonf? tvdkoufoufESifhjzpfvmEdkifonf r[kwf/
1/ b,ftrIudkjyKvQif b,f[mjzpfvm\[k odrIwdkYum;
onmç 0dnmPfç ynmwdkYaywnf;/
2/ jyKjyifrIwdkYum; apwem 0D&d,wdkYaywnf;/
xdkw&m;wdkYonf edrdwåynwfrsdK;vnf; r[kwfukef? yk*¾vç
owåç twåç ZD0- ynwfrsKd ;vnf; r[kwu
f ek ?f wpfxikd w
f iG ;f ç wpfem&D
wGi;f rSm tcgwpf&m ru csKyaf ysmufysuq
f ;kH rI tNr½J adS eMuukeaf om
y&rwf"mwfrsdK;ç tedpö "mwfrsdK;wdkYomwnf;/
xdaYk Mumifh xd"k mwfwv
Ykd nf; wpfpw
kH pfcu
k rkd Q odwwfç jyKjyif
wwfaom yk*¾dKvfçowå0gr[kwfMuukef? xdk"mwfwkdYrS wpfyg;vnf;
wpfpHkwpfckudkrQ odwwfç jyKjyifwwfaom yk*¾dKvfçowå0g[lí
toD;tjcm; r½SdNyD? odrfarGUvS\/
onmç 0dnmPfç ynmç apwemç 0D&d,wdkYudk "mwftoD;
tjcm; taeESifh ÓPftjrifaygufcJhvQif þtcsufBuD; acsmarm
vwåH? 0dnmPftcPf; odkYa&mufrS jyqdktHh/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

62

þwGifa&GUum; qHyifrS<uif;aom yx0Daum|mowdkYwGif
ta&ç tom;ç t½dk;tp½Sdaom aum|moBuD;wdkYü edrdwfBuD;ESpfyg;
Bu;D us,v
f o
S nfjzpfíedpçö "k0ç yk*v
¾ ç owåç twåç ZD0txiftjrif
wdu
Yk kd y,fazsmuf&ef tvGecf ,
J Of;vSaomaMumifh cufqpf cufyikd ;f
wdkYESifhwuG edrdwfBuD;ESpfyg; y,f½Sm;enf;udk jyqdkcPf;wnf;/
ta&ç tom;ç t½dk;ç OD;aESmufç tqkwfç tonf;ç ESvHk;ç
tlrç tlodrfç þudk;yg;onf vdk&if;wnf;/
tus,fudk tvdk½Sdaom olwdkY\tusdK;iSg qHyifpaom 32yg;aom aum|mowdkYü "mwfBuD;av;yg;ç tmumo"mwfwpfyg;
[laom ½lyu©E¨m cGJjcrf;cPf; NyD;\?
«þum; tedpövu©Pmudk rxifjrifEdkifyHk jyqdkcsufwnf;/»

xkd£&d,mykxfBuD; 4-yg; um,BuD; 4-yg;
tmumoy&dapä'BuD; 1-yg;wkdYü ½lyu©E¨mcGJenf;
£&d,mykxf 4-yg;ESifh ½lyu©E¨mü tedpövu©Pm
,ck t cgü tusOf ; ud k t vd k ½ S d a om ol w d k Y \ tusd K ;iS g
wpfu,
kd v
f ;kH jcKH í oGm;jcif;ç &yfjcif;ç xdik jf cif;ç avsmif;jcif;[laom
£&d,mykxfBuD; 4-yg;ç wpfckwpfckaom £&d,mykxfBuD;twGif;ü
ud,
k t
f *FgBu;D i,fw\
Ykd vIy½f mS ; jcif; trsKd ;rsKd ;wdu
Yk kd tpOfr;DS í jzpfrçI
ysufrIwdkYESifhwuG yx0Dum,tp½Sdaom um,BuD;av;yg;ç
tmumoy&d a pä ' BuD ; wpf y g;[l a om ½l y u© E ¨ m cG J j crf ; enf ; ud k
jyqdOk ;D tH/h

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

63

rSef&dyfOyrmESifh um,BuD; 4-yg;
tmumoy&dapä'
tvsm;4-awmif teH2-awmif½Sdaom tvGefMunfvSpGm
aom rSeBf u;D udk axmifí xm;&m aeYtcg xdrk eS \
f a½SUwl½l ESpaf wmif
cefYt&yfü &yfíaeaomol\ vlaumif&dyfBuD;onf taMumif;
av;yg;udkpGJí xdkrSeftjyifü xif½Sm;pGm ay:íae&m\/
taMumif; 4-qdkonfum;(1) rSeftMunfwpfyg;?
(2) teD;üwnf½Sdaom vl\udk,fcE¨mBuD;wpfyg;?
(3) ta&miftvif;wpfyg;?
(4) rSeEf iS v
hf \
l tMum;ü 0w¬K j'Af tjcm;r½Sjd cif;wpfyg;?
þ 4-yg;wnf;/
xdk 4- yg;wdkYwGif wpfyg;yg;ysufcJhvQif xdkt&dyfBuD;onf
cPcsif;ysuf\? 0w¬Kj'AfuG,fjcm;cJhvQif cPcsif; ysuf\/
ysuyf u
Hk m;- rSeEf iS hf vlw\
Ydk tMum;ü oHjym;Bu;D ukd txufrS
atmufoYdk csvu
dk jf im;th?H oHjym;&dyBf u;D onf vl&yd Bf u;D ukd OD;acgif;rS
pí ajcz0g;okYd usatmif wpfcgwnf; NzKd íoGm;ojzifh vl&yd Bf u;D onf
cPcsif; tukef uG,faysmufav&m\/
oHjym;BuD;ukd txufokdY ajrmufwifjyefvQif vl&dyfBuD;onf
oHjym; &dyfBuD;ukd atmuftpGef;rSpí txuftpGef;okdYusatmif
wpfcgwnf; wGe;f vSeo
f mG ;ojzifh oHjym;&dyBf u;D onf cPcsi;f tukef
uG,faysmufav&m\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

64

wpfa,mufaomolonf vusfmç vuf0J eHyg;üaeí xkdxkd
0w¬Kukd b,fae&mrSmrqkd tMum;ü xkd;jyefoGif; jyefvQifvnf;
xkx
d 0dk w¬K\ t&dyo
f nf vl&yd u
f dk wGe;f z,fí ay:av&m vl&yd Bf u;D rSm
wpfykdif;jywfawGjzpfav&m\? wpfjcrf;yJhawG jzpfav&m\/
oJMurf;ç oJreI w
Yf u
Ydk dk txufrS jzL;cJah omfvnf;aumif;ç eHyg;rS
yufcJhaomfvnf;aumif; oJrIefY&dyfwkdY ay:av&m vl&dyfBuD;rSm
tmumoaygufç ZmaygufwkdYuJhokdY tayguftaygufawGjzpfí
ukef&m\? þOyrmukd xifvif;pGm Munfhíxm;/
þuk d , f a umif B uD ; rS m cuf r mrI u d & d , monf trmcH
txnfcBH u;D jzpfí uk,
d o
f P²mefEiS t
hf rQ wif;usr;f tjynfh ½Sad e\?
yx0Dum,BuD; rnf\? ajr½kyf ukd,faumifBuD; wpfyg; rnf\?
rSerf mS xifjrifaom vl&yd Bf u;D ESihf cRwí
f pGyo
f uJo
h Ydk oP²meftm;jzifh
vnf; wlvS\? tESpfom& r½SdykHtm;jzifhvnf; wlvS\? jzpfay:rIç
ysufuG,frI vsifjrefykHtm;jzifhvnf; wlvS\/
t&d y f o l a ,mif
yx0D u m,ol a ,mif
vl&yd Bf u;D onf rSet
f jyif tay:a&rSm rS&D onfjzpfí cPcsi;f
aemufqufr½Sd uG,faysmufEkdif\? yx0Dum, [kqkd tyfaom
ola,mifBuD;onfrlum; ukd,fcE¨m wpfcJeufBuD;ukd rSD&onfjzpfí
cPcsif; tukefuG,f aysmufaomfvnf; cPcsif; rD;ckd;avsmuf
aemufxyf aemufquf ola,mifBuD;tNrJ tpm;pkdufí vkduf\/
a½S;a½S; yx0D ola,mifBu;D cPrpJ csKyyf suf uG,af ysmufí
aeonfukdyif rod& rjrif&atmif aemufquf ola,mifBuD;

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

65

tNrw
J nfaxmifí vku
d \
f / ta[mif;ç topfw\
Ydk tMum;tMum;ü
tmumoy&dapä'BuD; yg½SdNrJjzpf\/
þum; rSeftjyifrSm½Sdaom t&dyf ola,mifBuD;ESifh þcE¨m
uk,
d rf mS ½Sad om yx0Dum, ola,mifBu;D 2-yg;wk\
Yd txl;wnf;/
þum; yx0Dum, ola,mif tjcif;t&mwnf;/
xkdYtwl-½kyu
f vmyf tcsi;f csi;f zGUJ wG,yf ;l uyf *a[pyfaom tmayg
um, ola,mifBuD;?
xkdola,mifBuD; 2-yg;wkdYukd rykyfr&d rcsOfrokd;&atmif tNrJ
aygif;aEG;íaeaom awaZmum, ola,mifBuD;?
xku
d m,Bu;D ok;H yg;wku
Yd dk rdrw
d Ydk udpüö tm;cGeAf v ravQmus
&atmif axmufuefawmifw
h if;rI[al om 0ga,mum, ola,mif
Bu;D /
þum,Bu;D ok;H yg;ukv
d nf; yx0Dum,Bu;D twkid ;f txl;r½Sd
odav/
tmumo y&dapä'BuD; 2-yg;onfvnf;-wpfu,
dk v
f ;Hk wpfaumifv;Hk rSm qHzsm;avmufrS rvyf&atmif
twGif; ty tukefESHYjym;vsuf wnf½Sd\/
oGm;rIü tedpövu©Pm-- þudk,fcE¨mBuD; &yfí xdkae
&mrS oGm;awmhrnf½Sd&mü &yfíaeqJtcgwGif½Sdaeaom cufrmrI
rsdK;[laom yx0Dum,BuD;udk ajcz0g;rS i,fxdyfusatmif t&dyf
ola,mifBu;D ESiw
hf pl mG rwfwwf&yf pdu
k í
f aeyku
H kd tukejf rifatmif

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

66

Munfí
h xm;/
oGm;awmhrnf[k udk,ft*FgwdkYudk <ucsDrIç a½SUodkYo,fydk;rIudk
jyKaom tcgü wpfu,
kd v
f ;Hk rSm odro
hf rd v
hf yI af om 0dobm* aemuf
jzpfaom um,BuD;awG NydKif;ueJ NydKif;ueJ jzpfrIay:vmukef\?
rwfwwf&yf pdu
k í
f aeaom cufrmrIrsKd ;Bu;D awGukd wpfcsuw
f nf;Ny;D
cgxGufí ypfouhJodkY jzpf\/
rwfwwf&yf pdu
k í
f ½Sad eaom yx0Dum, ola,mifBu;D onf
wpfcP twGif;rD;awmufBuD;ikwfwkwf uG,faysmufouhJodkY
ajrah jrah Muí ysuaf <u uG,af ysmufav\/ OD;acgif;t*FgBu;D vnf;
uG,faysmufav\? udk,ft*Fg BuD;vnf; uG,faysmufav\/
ajct*Fgç vuft*FgwdkYvnf; tukefuG,faysmufavukef\
[lí aomfvnf; tpdwftpdwfydkif;í qdkav? ÓPfrsuf&dyfç ÓPf
rsufapmif; tpGrf;aumif;vdkvS\/
xdkodkY uG,faysmufonfudk tb,fodkY odjrif ,kHMunfEdkif&
ygtHh enf;[lrlum;--&yfíae&mrS oGm;rnf[k tcsDt<uwGif b,fvdktrlt&m
opfawGç Bu,
d mwpfrsKd ;awGç 0dobm*½kyaf wG jzpfay:ívmonf[k
twGi;f ty wpfu,
kd v
f ;Hk ESjYH ym;atmif Munfah jrmfMuygvQif trlt&m
opfawGudk jrifMuukefvwåHU? oGm;rI\qdkif&m 0dobm*½kyfopf
wdkYaywnf;/
xdo
k mG ;rI\qdik &f m um,topfw\
Ykd jzpfay:rIonf tb,frQ
avmuf jrefxufonf[k ajrmfMuukef&m? ,rf;ykHBuD;udk rD;yGg;usí
awmufxaom rD;awmufBu;D \ jzpfay:rI jrefxufyEHk iS hf tvm;wl

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

67

xifjrifMuukefvwåHU? &dyfrd½kH ½SdapOD;/

&yfjcif;paom trlt&mopfjzpfwdkif;
ta[mif;rsm;ysufjcif;
oGm;rI\qdkif&m 0dobm*½kyfum,wdkY\ xdkrQavmufjzpf
ay:rI jref xufonfudk odjrifMuukefvQif &yfrI\qdkif&m xdkyx0D
um,BuD; csKyfqkH; uG,faysmufrI\vnf; xdkrQavmufyif vsifjref
onfudk odjrifEdkifMuukef&m\/
odjrifykHum;--- &yfrI\qdkif&m trlt&m Bud,mrsdK;um;
wpfrsKd ;wnf;? oGm;rI\qdik &f m trlt&m Bu,
d mrsKd ;um; wpfrsKd ;wnf;?
&yfr\
I qdik &f m Bu,
d mrsKd ;onf tMuifrQavmufaom umvywfv;Hk
½Sad e\? xdrk Qavmuf twGi;f ü xdo
k EÅmefrmS oGm;rI\qdik &f mBu,
d mrsKd ;
jzpfay:cGirhf &? &yfrI tajc tae rysuo
f rQumvywfv;Hk oGm;rItrl
t&mopf rjzpfEdkif [lvdk/
&yfrt
I ajctaeqdo
k nfum; &yfr\
I qdik &f m yx0Dum,Bu;D
aywnf;? oGm;rItrlt&mopfqo
kd nfum; vIy<f uaom tjcif;t&m
[k qdktyfaom 0ga,mum,BuD;aywnf;/
xdkYtwl--oGm;rItajctae rysu&f mü &yfrt
I rlt&mopf rjzpfay:Edik /f
&yfrt
I ajctae rysu&f mü xdik rf t
I rlt&mopf rjzpfay:Edik /f
xdkifrItajctae rysuf&mü avsmif;rItrlt&mopf rjzpf
ay:Edkif/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

68

avsmif;rItajctae rysuf&mü xdkifrItrlt&mopf rjzpf
ay:Edkif/
oGm;rItrlt&mopf jzpfay:onfudk jrifvQif xdkae&mü
&yfrItajc tae tukefysufjrJ/
xdkifrItrlt&mopf jzpfay:onfudk jrifvQif xdkae&mü
&yfrItajc tae ysufjrJ/
avsmif;rI trlt&mopf jzpfay:onfukd jrifvQif xdak e&mü
xdkifrI tajctae ysufjrJ/
xdkifrItrlt&mopf jzpfay:onfudk jrifvQif xdkae&mü
avsmif;rI tajctae ysufNrJ/
auG;rIç qefrY çI vIyrf çI rvIyrf çI a½GUrIç ra½GUrIponfwüYkd vnf;
xdek nf; wload v? ud,
k af wGUrsujf rif xif½mS ;vSaom tcsuBf u;D ay
wnf;? oP²meedrdwf oEÅwdedrdwfwdkYudk ÓPfESifh y,f½Sm;í
cufrmrI[laom yx0Dum,BuD;udk ÓPfpdkufrdatmif pdkufav?
rsufpdESifhjrif&ouhJodkY xif½Sm;vdrfhrnf/
tajctaeysufrI\ tqkH;tqkH;ESifh trlt&mopf jzpf
ay:rI\ tptpü y&dapä'tmumo[k qdt
k yfaom tjywf tjcm;
BuD;udkvnf; toD;toD; odjrifav/
um,BuD;av;yg;onf jzpftwlç ysuftwlcsif; jzpfMuí
yx0D um,udkqdkvQif xdkESifh o[Zmwjzpfaom tmaygum,ç
awaZmum,ç 0ga,mum, okH;yg;vnf; jzpftwlç ysuftwl
yg½Sdonfudk odjrifav/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

69

oGm;rIü um,BuD; 4-yg;\ tydkif;tjcm;udk½IykH
oGm;rIudk qufíqdktHh--- ajcwpfvSrf; wpfvSrf;vQif pdwåZ
um, ola,mifBuD; wpfckwpfckpDjzpf\? tMum;tMum;ü OwkZ
um, ola,mifBu;D wpfcw
k pfcpk D jcm;\? a½SUum,ç aemufum,
wd\
Yk tMum;tMum;ü tmum-oy&dapä'Bu;D wpfcw
k pfcpk D jcm;\/
xdkpum;ü--pd w å Z um,ol a ,mif - - pdwåZum,BuD;qdkonfum;-ajcudk csD<uonfrSpí xdkajcudk ajrodkYcsonfhwdkifatmif a½GUrI
twGi;f ü jzpfay:aom um,Bu;D udk pdwt
f vdEk iS hf jyKjyifí jzpf&aom
aMumifh pdwåZum,BuD;rnf\? xdktcgü½SdMuaom ur®Zç OwkZç
tm[m&ZwdkYum; pdwåum,odkY tpOfvdkufMu&ukef\? xdkpdwåZ
um,Bu;D \ a½SUtpGe;f udk ajccsrD jI zifh ydik ;f jcm;tyf\? aemuftpGe;f udk
ajrodkY ajcusrIjzifh ydkif;jcm; tyf\/
Zmwd"r®BuD;-- a½SUtpGef;um; xdkpdwåZum,BuD;\ tppGm
jzpfay: rI[al om Oyg'fpeG ;f wnf;? O',pGe;f vnf;[l\? Zmwd"r®Bu;D
wpfyg;aywnf;/
r&P"r® B uD ; -- aemuftpGef;um; xdkpdwåZum,BuD;\
tqkH;pGef csKyfuG,frI[laom bifpGef;wnf;? 0,pGef;vnf; [l\?
r&P"r®BuD; wpfyg;aywnf;/
OwkZum,ola,mif-- OwkZum,Bu;D qdo
k nfum; ajrodYk
ajcus&mü ajrESifhajc cdkufMu&mwGif cPcsif; OD;acgif; i,fxdyfodkY

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

70

aygufatmif xdycf eJ xdycf eJ awmufxaom OwkZrD; awmufBu;D ç
OwkZum,BuD;udk qdkownf;/
xdu
k m,Bu;D onfum; pdwt
f vdEk iS hf jyKjyifí jzpfonfr[kw?f
ajrESifhajc xdcdkufrI'Pfcsuf OwkaMumifh jzpf\? wdrfwdkufjcif;ç
av[kecf si;f wdu
k cf u
kd f &mrSjzpfaom vQyaf &mifuo
Jh w
Ykd nf;? cPcsi;f
jzpfí cPcsif; ysufqkH;\/
xdktcgü ½SdMuaom ur®Zç pdwåZç tm[m&ZwdkYum;
OwkZum,odkY tpOfvdkufMu&ukef\? xdkOwkZum,BuD;\ a½SU
tpGe;f ç aemuftpGe;f um; tvGeef ;D pyf\? tpGe;f ESpcf w
k \
Ykd tMum;ü
XD[líyif rxif½Sm;NyD/
xkdOwkZum,BuD;\ a½SUtzkdY aemuftzdkYü tmumo
y&dapä'BuD; ESpfzufjcm;vsuf½Sd\? xkdrSaemufü 'kwd,ajcvSrf;\
qkdif&m pdwåZum,BuD; a½SUtpGef; ay:vm\/
þenf;twkdif; oGm;jcif; £&d,mykxfü um,BuD;wkdY\
tykdif;tjcm;ukd odav jrifav? ajcvSrf; wpf&moGm;vQif pdwåZ
um,Bu;D wpf&mç OwkZ um,Bu;D wpf&mjzpf\? ajcvSr;f wpfaxmif
oGm;vQif pdwåZum,BuD; wpfaxmifç OwkZum,BuD;wpfaxmif
ponfjzifhqkdav/
ol a ,mif B uD ; t"d y Ü g ,f - - ola,mifBuD;qkdonfrSm xkd
um,BuD;wkdYonf vlUoP²meffrSmjzpfcJhvQif vlUoP²mefftwkdif;
jzpfMuuke\
f ? xkx
d dk wd&pämefwYdk oP²mefrf mS jzpfcv
hJ Qif xkx
d w
dk &d pämef
twkdif; jzpfMuukef\? xkdYaMumifh ola,mifBuD;[lí qkdownf;/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

71

OD;acgif;wGiu
f u
G í
f qkv
d v
dk Qif OD;acgif;a,mifç rsuEf mS a,mifç
rsufvkH;a,mifç ESmacgif;a,mifç cHwGif;a,mif ponfjzifh qkd&\?
ukd,fwGifuGufí qkdvkdvQif &ifbwfa,mifç ausmufukef; a,mif
ponfjzifq
h &dk \/
ol a ,mif w k d Y \ jzpf r I y suf r I E S i f h
za,mif ; ½k y f O yrm

<uif;aom t*FgwküYd vnf; xked nf;wload v? ola,mifBu;D [k
qkv
d Qif rSet
f jyifrmS xifaom vl&yd Bf u;D ukd jrifouJo
h Ydk wpfaumifv;Hk
ay:atmif jrifav/
,cktcg xkdola,mifwkdY\ tjzpfç tysufukd qkdaytHh/
&yfíae&mrS oGm;tH[
h al om Oóm[ESiw
hf uGaom aZmpdwf
onf ESvkH;twGif;rSm jzpfay: vIHUaqmfívmonf½Sdaomf a&Nidrfí
aeaom tkid if ,fwpfc\
k tv,fü tm;oefvaS om ig;wpfaumif
onf tkdifv,frS xí yGufvkdufonfESifh tkdifi,fwpfckvkH;vSKdif;
*,uf abmufbufqef vIyf½Sm;ouJhokdY wpfukd,fvkH;rSm oGm;rI\
qkdif&mjzpfukefaom trlt&mopfwkdYonf wpfNydKifeuf jzpfay:
uke\
f /
þtrlt&mopfwYdk jzpfay:rIudk uk,
d cf E¨mtwGi;f ü ÓPfpu
dk f
í taphtpyf jrifatmifMunfhav? t½kd;okH;&mç taMumukd;&mç
tom;pkid u
f ;dk &mç tonf;cJç tqkwcf çJ ESv;Hk cJç OD;aESmufcw
J pfciG v
f ;Hk
tESHYtjym; jrifatmif ajrmfav/
vl½kyfBuD; NyDjyifpGm vkyfíxm;aom za,mif;½kyfBuD;ç
csyd af q; ½kyBf u;D ukd ½Sm;rD;us;D ykBH u;D \ twGi;f ü pku
d x
f í
l xm;av&m

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

72

awmifhwif;cufrmaom ukd,ft*FgwkdYonf ig;usyfcJç wpfq,fcJç
wpfydómcJç ESpfydómcJ cPcsif; cPcsif; tajcysufum tae
ysuu
f m xkx
d adk e&mrS aysmah ysmif;wkv
H pf t&nfjzpfum aysmí
f aysmí
f
usukefonfwdkYudk jrifvdrfhrnf/
xkdza,mif;½kyfBuD;ç csdyfaq;½kyfBuD;wkdYü xkdxkdt*Fg tajc
taeysufrIç aysmufuG,frIum; c,ç0,ç ab'ç b*Fçr&P
[kqkdtyfaom tedpö"r®BuD; toD;tjcm;aywnf;? bifpGef;BuD;ay
wnf;? t&nfaysmfumaysmfum jzpfay:vmrIum; O',pGef;BuD;ay
wnf;? tpGe;f Bu;D 2-yg;wk\
Yd pyfMum;ü tmumo y&dapä'Bu;D ½S\
d /
xkdYaMumifh t&nfaysmfum aysmfum jzpfay:vmaom
za,mif;om; csdyfom;awGukd yuwdrsufpdjzifhvnf;aumif;ç
yuwd p d w f t MuH j zif h v nf ; aumif ; ç aMumif a Mumif j rif M uvQif
obm0"r®ÓPfjzifh cufrmaom yuwd yx0Dum,\ bifpeG ;f ukd
vnf;aumif;ç aysmhaysmif;aom aemufay: aemufjzpf yx0Dopf
wk\
Yd Oyg'fpeG ;f ukv
d nf;aumif;ç tpGe;f 2-yg;wk\
Yd tjcm; (pyfMum;)
y&dapä'tmumoukdvnf;aumif; odEkdif jrifEkdif&m\/
ysufykH Oyrm-- xkdYtwl þukd,fcE¨müvnf; xkdxkdukd,f
t*FgwkdYrSm oGm;jcif;\qkdif&m vIyf½Sm;aom trlt&mopfç ½kyfopf
wkdY\ ,cktopf NydKif;ceJ NydKif;ceJjzpfay:rIwkdYukd jrifMuukefvQif
jrpfa&wkdufí oJurf;awG NydKouJhokdY rwfwyf&yf pkdufí½Sdaeaom
yuwd yx0Dum,BuD; ysufNydK uG,fqkH;rI[laom bifpGef;ukd
vnf;aumif;ç aemufay: aemufjzpf um,opfwkdY\ Oyg'fpGef;ukd
vnf;aumif;çtpGef; 2-yg;wkdY\ pyfMum;[kqkdtyfaom y&dapä'

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

73

tmumoMuD;ukdvnf;aumif; ÓPfü xifjrifMuukefvwåHU/
&yfrI\qkdif&m wnfNidrfíaeaom yx0Dum,BuD;ESifh
oGm;rI\qkdif&m axGaxGvmvm x<uvIyf½Sm;í jzpfay:vmukef
aom um,opfç ½kyfopfwkdY\tcsufü ½Sif;vif;pGm ÓPftjrif
aygufMuukefygvQif xkdxkdae&mwkdYü aygufEkdifMuukefonf? tcsuf
tcsufü ÓPftjrifaygufatmif aeY&Snf&ufrsm; pJGNrJMuavukef?
&yfrI oGm;rI txl;NyD;\/
yXr ajcvS r f ; ü
jzpf y suf j rif a tmif ½ I
yxrajcvSrf;ü wpfukd,fvkH;½Sdaom cufrmrI[laom
yx0Dum,Bu;D ukd rSe&f yd f oP²mefBu;D ESiw
hf pl mG aphaphMunf½h í
I xm;?
xkdajcvSrf;\tqkH;ü OwkZum,BuD; tay:wGif xkdyxrajcvSrf;
wGif½Sdaeaom xdkum,BuD;udk ajcz0g;rSpí qHzsm;wdkifatmif
tPkjrLrQrusef wGe;f vSecf gwGuí
f ypfav? txufü jyqdck NhJ y;D aom
rSe&f yd Bf u;D Oyrmü w[kew
f nf;xaom oHjym;&dyBf u;D onf vl&yd Bf u;D
udk wGef;vSefazsmufzsufí ypfouJhodkYwnf;/
ta&ü jzpf y suf ½ I y H k - - ajrü ajccdkufrI 'Pf[kefaMumifh
jyif;xefpmG jzpfay:í w[kew
f nf; vIy<f uí xav&m wpfu,
kd v
f ;kH
wGif ta&ü jzpfay:aom OwkZum,BuD;onf ta&ü½Sdaom
½kyfa[mif;ç um,a[mif;wdkYudk tPkjrLrQrusef tukefcgwGufí
ypf\? yXrajcvSrf; wGif;ü½Sdaeaom ta&½kyfpkonf tukefcsKyf
ysufav\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

74

tb,fah Mumifh tukecf sKyyf surf u
I kd odtyfygoenf;[lru
l m;xdOk wkZum,Bu;D \ qdik &f mjzpfaom vIy½f mS ;aom ½kyu
f vmyf
rsKd ;\ tuket
f ESt
YH jym; jzpfay:í oGm;rIukd jrifaomaMumifh tukef
csKyfrIudk odtyfygownf;/
xdkpum;rSef\? ajrü ajccdkufjcif; 'Pf[kefaMumifhjzpfaom
vIyf½Sm;rIonf wpfudk,fvHk; b,fae&mü vyfao;\[k qHzsm;
avmufrQ jyp&m r½Sd? tukefvHk;tESHY jzpfay:\? xdkodkY tESHYjzpfay:
onfukd jrifojzifh ta&ü ½kyaf [mif;[lí jrLrQtusef r½S?d csKyyf suf
avonfudk odtyfygownf;/
tu,fí ½kyfa[mif;rysufbJ yuwdtwdkif; aecJhonf
jzpfjim;tH?h xdyk uwdtwdik ;f aeaom ta&tzdüYk rd;k BuKd ;yifusaomf
vnf; trlt&mopf ray:Edkif? trlt&mopf jzpfay:rI½SdcJhvQif
xdak e&mü tajctaeysurf I {uEÅ ½Sad wmhonf? tajctaeysuq
f kd
onf ½kyaf [mif;ysurf aI ywnf;? yx0D um,a[mif; ysurf çI tmaygum,a[mif; ysufrIç awaZmum,a[mif; ysufrIç 0ga,mum,
a[mif; ysufrIudk tajctaeysufqdkonf/
ta&[laom oP²meynwfedrdwfudk y,f½Sm;í cufrmrI
Bw,
d m taygif;[laom yx0Dum, tajctaeBu;D udk ÓPfpu
kd í
f
MunfhwwfrS xifjrifEdkifwnfhrnf/
tom;pd k i f p onf ü
jzpf y suf ½ I & yH k
wpfudk,fvHk;ü½Sdaom udk;&maom tom;pdkifç tom;cJwdkYü
jzpfay:aom OwkZum,Bu;D onf ud;k &maom tom;pdik çf tom;cJ

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

75

wdkYü ½Sdaeaom ½kyfa[mif;ç um,a[mif;wdkYudk tPkjrLrQ rusef&
atmif tukefwGef;vSefcgwGufí ypf\? xdktcgwGif ajczrdk;ç
tom;pkü jzpfay:aom vIy½f mS ;rIonf ajczrd;k ç ajcz0g;ç ajcovH;k
jzpfaeaom ½kyaf [mif;pkukd tukeu
f ,
G af ysmufap\? ud,
k v
f yI ½f mS ;rI
[laom ½kyfopf trlt&mopf ay:rIudkvnf;aumif;ç tajctae
ysurf [
I al om ½kyaf [mif; csKyyf surf u
I kd vnf;aumif; ajcwpfcv
k ;kH ü
tukefESHYonfudk jrifatmifMunfh/
xdktcgwGif ajcovHk; tom;pdkif tom;pkü jzpfay:aom
vIy½f mS ;rIonf ajcovH;k tom;pdik f tom;pkjzpfaeaom ½kyaf [mif;pk
udk tukefuG,faysmufap\? om;vHk;om;[laom edrdwfBuD;udk
ÓPfüy,f½Sm;í cufrmrI Bwd,m yx0Dum,BuD;udk ÓPf pdkufí
Munf/h
a&jrK§ ypf ikd f a&jrK§ ycf u
J kd ,rf;oGwí
f cGv
J u
kd o
f uJo
h Ykd wpfcsuf
wnf; tajctae uG,yf suí
f oGm;onfukd jrifvrd rhf nf? rjrifvQif
ra&TUESifhOD;? jrifrSa&TU/
aygifom;wpfcv
k ;kH udv
k nf; a&jrK§ ycf u
J kd ,rf;oGwí
f cGo
J uJo
h Ykd
jrifatmifMunfh? wifom;wpfckvHk;ç cg;tzdkYwpfckvHk;ç 0rf;tzdkY
wpfcv
k ;kH ç &iftzdYk ausmufuek ;f tzdYk wpfcv
k ;kH udv
k nf; a&jrK§ ypf ikd u
f kd
,rf;oGwfí cGJonfESifhtwl xifjrifatmifMunfh? vIyf½Sm;rI trl
t&mopfawG jzpfay:rIudk tukeftESHYtjym; jrifatmifMunfh?
tajctaeysufrIudk tukeftESHYtjym; jrifatmifMunfh/
xdkYtwl vuf½Hk;om;ç vufarmif;om;ç vufom;ç vnfyif;
om;wdkYudkvnf; jrifatmifMunfh? rsufESmom;wdkYudkvnf; jrif

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

76

atmifMunfh? þtom; aum|moBuD;onf rdpäm"r®edrdwåBuD;
tvGefBuD;us,f&m Xmejzpf\/ txl;tm;xkwfí MunfhMuav/
xdaYk emuf rsuv
f ;kH om; OD;aESmufcBJ u;D vQmom; tqkwcf BJ u;D
tonf; ESvHk;cJ ausmufuyfcJ tlrtlodrfwdkYudkvnf; a&jr§Kyfpdkifudk
,rf;oGwfí cJGonfESifhtwl toD;oD; jrifatmifMunfhav/
OD ; acgif ; ½k d ; ü um,BuD ; 4-yg;
jzpf y suf y H k
oHk;&mrQaom t½kd;wGif OD;acgif; ½kd;BuD;üjzpfay:aom
vIyf½Sm;rIonf OD;acgif;½kd; wpfckvHk;ü½Sdaom ½kyfa[mif;pkudk uG,f
aysmufap\/
þpum;ü oP²meedrw
d çf oEÅwed rd w
d [
f q
k t
kd yfaom txnf
j'Af ysurf w
I üYkd omvQif wcJeuf cufrmaom 0w¬KrsK;d onf ysucf \
J ?
yG&Gaom 0w¬KrsKd;onf ysufvG,f\/
y&rwf"mwftppfjzpfaom yx0Dum, ponfwdkYürlum;
txl;r½S?d ausmufw;kH ç oHw;kH wdüYk ½Sad om y&rwf"mwfw\
Ykd ysurf u
I
MumjrifhrS ysufEkdifonf? a&jr§Kyfpdkif a&jr§KyfcJü½Sdaom y&rwf"mwf
wdkY\ ysufrIu vsifjrefpGm ysufEkdifonf[k txl;r½Sd/
odkYaomfvnf; þpmtkyfwGif jyqdktyfaom jzpfrIysufrI
tpDt&ifonfrlum; cPduypöKyÜefudk trSDvdkufí jyqdkaom
tpD&ifr[kwf? oEÅwdypöKyÜefudk y"mejyKí tajcysuf taeysuf
0dobm*trlt&mopf jzpfay:rIwdkYudk jyqdkaomtpD&ifjzpfí
vIyf½Sm;rI trlt&m ajymif;vJrI yuwdtajctae ysufrIudkom

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

77

ememMunfhí jzpfrIç ysufrI tjreftaES;udk odav/
oEÅwdypöKyÜef-- oEÅwdypöKefyÜefrnfonf tysufjrefonf
vnf; ½S\
d ? tysuaf ES;onfvnf; ½S\
d ? 0dyóem a,m*Dy*k Kd¾ vw
f rYdk mS
tvGejf refaom oEÅwyd suu
f kd jrifEidk v
f Qif udpNö y;D pD;Ekid \
f ? cPduysuf
udk jrifEkdifonfç rjrifEkdifonfum; y"mer[kwf? ajrü ajccdkufrI
'Pf[ek af Mumifh vIy½f mS ;rIonf OD;acgif;½k;d Bu;D rSmvnf; cPcsi;f jrif
Edkifonfum; 'd|udk,fawGU jzpfMu\/
tvGefcufrmaom t½dk;\ tajctaeysufrIESifh yG&Gaom
tom;\ tajctaeysurf o
I nf wlEikd rf nfavmç rwlEikd rf nfavm
[k awG;awmí aezG,fr½Sd? vIyf½Sm;rIudkom y"mejyKí Munfh/
qdkzG,ftxl;rlum;tvGefcufrmaom 0w¬KrsdK;rnfonf tajctaeysufcJ\?
trlt&m ysufcJ\? ysufrdaomtcgürlum; ]]awmif v nf ;
jrufjywf}} qdkouJhodkY qwfqwfaMursdK;ç qwfqwfusdK;rsdK;jzpf\/
xdkYaMumifh þOD;acgif;½dk;BuD;ü wnf½Sdaom cufrmrI[laom
yx0D um,Bu;D \ ysurf o
I nf qwfqwfaMursKd ;ç qwfqwfusKd ;rsKd ;
jzpfí tom;ç ta&wdüYk ysurf x
I ufyif tjrif½iS ;f vif;ouJo
h Ykd ½S\
d ?
yx0Dum,Bu;D ysurf u
I jkd rifvQif xdyk x0Dum,udk zGUJ xde;f íaeaom
tmaygum,ysufrIç xdkyx0Dum,udk aygif;aEG;csKyftkyfaeaom
ylrI aEG;rI[laom awaZmum,BuD;ysufrIç xdkawaZmt½Sdefjzpf
aom 0ga,mum,ysurf w
I v
Ykd nf; xifomjrifom ½Su
d ek af wmhonf/
þOD;acgif;BuD;udk tjrifaygufatmif txl;tm;xkwfí
MunfhMuav/ vIyf½Sm;rIjzpfay:vQif tajcysufrIç taeysufrI

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

78

{uef&adS wmhonf? tajctaeysurf q
I o
kd nfum; ½kyaf [mif;ç "mwf
a[mif;wdkY\ csKyfqHk;rI pifppfwnf;/
xdaYk Mumifh vIy&f mS ;rIukd xifjrifcv
hJ Qif xdv
k yI &f mS ;rI jzpfay:&m
Xme wpfcGifvHk;ü ysufqHk;rIudk jrifwwfMuap/
vnfyif;½dk;ç &if½kd;ç ausmufukef;½kd;ç eH½kd;ç cg;½kd;ç aygif½kd;ç
ykqpf½dk;ç jrif;acgif;½kd;ç ajc½dk;çvuf½kd;wdkYüvnf; xdkenf;twl
xifjrifatmif ½Iav/
OD ; aES m uf c J ü um,BuD ; 4-yg;
jzpf y suf ½ I y H k
OD;aESmufcJü w[kefwnf; jzpfay:íxaom OwkZum,
BuD;onf OD;aESmufcJwpfckvHk;ü&Sdaom um,a[mif;BuD;wdkYudk
a&jrK§ ycf u
J kd ,rf;oGwí
f cGo
J uJo
h Ykd w[kew
f nf; csKyyf suu
f ,
G af ysmuf
ap\? OD;aESmufcw
J pfcv
k ;kH ü wpfNyKd ief uf jzpfay:aom 0ga,mum,
[kqt
kd yfaom vIy&f mS ;rItrlt&mopfawGukd tukev
f ;kH jrifatmif
Munfh? OD;aESmufcJwpfckvHk; wpfNydKifeuf tajctae ysufqHk;rIudk
jrifvrd rhf nf/
OD;aESmufcJtajctae ysufqHk;rIqdkonfum; um,a[mif;
Bu;D av;yg; wpfNyKd ief uf csKyyf suu
f ,
G rf yI ifwnf;? um,a[mif;Bu;D
4-yg; uG,q
f ;kH cJv
h Qif xdOk ;D aESmufcw
J pfcv
k ;kH uG,q
f ;kH avawmhonf/
tu,fí um,a[mif;Bu;D av;yg;onf rcsKyrf ysucf o
hJ nf
jzpftHh? rdk;BudK;wpf&mqdkifí ypfaomfvnf; xdkOD;aESmufcJonf
vIy½f mS ;jcif;r½S?d yuwdtwdik ;f om ae&m\? b,fae&mrSwpfqjH crf;rQ
rxifav&m? trlt&m opfay:rI rxifav&m? vIy½f mS ;rI ray:av
&m/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

79

tqk w f t cJ p onf ü jzpf y suf ½ I y H k - - &ifESifhtjynfh½Sdae
aom tqkwfcJBuD;ü w[kefwnf; jzpfay:íxaom 0ga,m
um,BuD;onf tqkwfcJBuD;wpfckvHk;ü½Sdaom um,a[mif;BuD;
wdu
Yk kd ,rf;oGwí
f cGb
J o
d uJo
h Ykd wpf[ek w
f nf; csKyyf suf uG,af ysmuf
ap\? OD;aESmufcJüuJhodkY tjynfhtpHk odav/
ESv;kH cJç tonf;cJç ausmufuyfac: tñdUl cJç tlrç tlord w
f üYkd
vnf; xdkenf;wl odav/
aum|mowd k i f ; ü jzpf y suf ½ I - - um,a[mif;BuD;wdkY\
csKyyf suf ukef qH;k rI[al om 0,pGe;f ç trlt&mopf um,opfw\
Ykd
píjzpfay:rI tp[laom O',pGe;f ç xdt
k pGe;f ESpyf g;wd\
Yk pyfMum;[l
aom y&dapä'tmumoBuD;wkdYESifhwuG um,BuD;av;yg;wkdYukd
aum|mowkdif;wkdYü xifvif;pGmjrifatmif tm;pkdufMuav/
þum; wpfukd,fvkH;ÓPftjrif aygufapjcif;iSg tykdif;
tykdif; oefYjcm;í a½S;OD;pGm Munfh½Itm;xkwf&ef tpDt&ifwnf;/
aeY&uf½Snfvsm; tm;xkwfpGJNrJojzifh wpfukd,fvkH; ÓPf
tjrifaygufaomtcgü þcE¨mukd,fBuD;onf a&jr§KyfcJBuD;ESifh
wlonf[lí a[mawmfrlaom a'oemonf [kwfvSay\ç
rSefvSay\[k bk&m;ü MunfndKjcif; wkd;wufí vmvdrfhrnf? xkdokdY
wpfu,
dk v
f ;Hk rGí½Gí ukeaf tmif ÓPftjrif aygufaomtcgrSpí
wpfukd,fvkH; jcHKikHíaomfvnf;aumif;ç vkd&mvkd&mukd uGufjcm;í
aomfvnf;aumif; taygif;tm;jzifhom Munfh½I pGJNrJ&m\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

80

ajcvSrf; wpfckwpfcktwGif;ü jzpfMuukefaom um,ol
a,mifBuD; ESpfckESpfckwkdY\ tMum;tMum;ü rD;awmufBuD; wpf
[kefwnf; xouJhokdY wpf[kefwnf; jzpfay:xaom tMum;
um,BuD; tpDt&ifNyD;\/
þOwkZum,BuD;ü ½IjrifykHtcsufpkukd jyqkdvkdufojzifh
ajcvSrf;rI\qkdif&m pdwåZum,BuD;ü ½IjrifykH tvkH;pkHukdvnf;
jyqkdjcif;udpö NyD;awmhonf/
,rf;rD;awmufyrm ukd,fcE¨m jzpfysufykHOyrmum;vrf;c&D;BuD;wpfckü aq;0gç aq;eDç twefYtwefYqkd;aom ,rf;
peuf BuKd ;wef;Bu;D ukd oG,w
f ef; jrK§ yf xm;&m\? aq;0gqk;d xm;aom
twefu
Y m; awmifqyk cf efY ½Sn&f m\? aq;eDq;dk xm;aom twefu
Y m;
vufav;opfcefY ½Snf&m\? nOfharSmif rkdufqJtcgü tprS
rD;pGJnd§vkdufonf½Sdaomf vkH;ywft&yf vloP²mefcefY½Sdaom
rD ; awmuf B uD ; onf wpf [ k e f w nf ; xí vrf ; pOf a vQmuf a jy;
av&m\? vrf;teD;rS MunfharQmfí aeMuukefaom olwkdYonf
0gwJhcsnfç eDwJhcsnfESifh vrf;pOfavQmufí rD;awmufBuD;wpfck
oGm;avonfukd jrifMuukef&m\? xkdvrf;pOf avsmufoGm;aom
rD;awmufBuD;ü rD;awmuf0g\ tppGef;ç tqkH;pGef; rD;awmufeD\
tppGef;ç tqkH;pGef;wkdYonf ½SdMuukef\? tqkH;pGef;ESifh tppGef;
csKyfpyfü tmumoy&dapäBuD; wpfckwpfckpD jcm;vsuf½Sd\/
tmumo t"dyÜg,f-- tmumoqdkaomfvnf; tayguf
[if;vif;ay:aom tZ#mumorsdK;r[kwf? tpGef;ESpfckudkjrifí
ÓPfjzifhodtyfaom tjywfpyfaMumif;BuD;udk qdkownf;/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

81

oGm;íaeaom þ½kyfum,BuD;wdkYudk þOyrmtwdkif;
jrif&m\? yXrajcvSrf;ü jzpfay:aom pdwåZ½kyfcE¨mBuD;onf yXr
ajcvSrf; tqHk;wGif tukefysufqHk;av\? OwkZum,BuD;zufodkY
tPkjrLrQ ul;írvdkuf/

"mwfBuD; 3- yg;
1/
2/

rdrd\ tqkH;pGefukefrI[laom r&P"mwfBuD; wpfyg;ç
tMum; tvyf tjywf pyfaMumif;[laom y&dapä'
tmumo"mwfBuD; wpfyg;ç
3/ OwkZmum,\ tppGm jzpfay:rI tpGef;[laom
Zmwd"mwfBuD; wpfyg;ç
um,BuD; ESpfckwkdY\ tMum;ü þ"mwfBuD; okH;yg; jcm;NrJ
jcm;vsuf ½Sdae\/
þ "mwfBu;D ok;H yg;ukd ckeaf usmí
f pdwZå um,Bu;D onf OwkZ
um,BuD;okdY tPSjrLrQ ul;í rvkduf? xkdYtwl OwkZum,BuD;
onfvnf; wpf[ek w
f nf;xí wpfcPcsi;f csKyu
f ,
G \
f ? "mwfBu;D
okH;yg;ukd ckefausmfí 'kwd,tvSrf;\ qkdif&mokdY tPkjrLrQ ul;í
rvku
d /f
þenf;twkdif; c&D;wkdç c&D;½SnfoGm;rIü um,wdkY\ tydkif;
tydkif; jywfyHkudk ÓPfü&Sif;vif;pGm xifapjrifap&rnf/

,rf;rD;awmufBuD;udk 2-rsdK; jrifyHk
rD;awmufBuD;udk jrifMuoltaygif;wdkYwGif--

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

82

1/

yom'rsufpdom &SdMuí ynmrsufpd r&SdMuukefaom
tE¨Amv jzpfol yuwd vlwo
Ykd nfum; rD;awmufBu;D
wpfck oGm;av\[k qdkMuukefvwåHU/
2/ yom'rsupf çd ynmrsupf d ESpyf g;½SMd uukeaf om y@dw
jzpfol vlwdkYonfum; rD;awmufBuD;wpfck r[kwf?
rD;awmufBu;D wdo
Yk nf wpfcEk iS hf wpfct
k Mum;ü y&dapä'
tmumoBuD; jcm;vsuf t&mruçtaxmif ru
rsm;jym;uke\
f /
xdt
k vk;H pkaH om rD;awmufBu;D wdo
Yk nfum; b,furkd S oGm;Edik f
Muonf r[kwf? rdrdwdkY jzpfay:&mXmerS wpfqHjcrf;rQ a½GUEdkifMu
ukeo
f nfr[kw?f rdrw
d jYkd zpfay:&mXmerSmyif ikww
f w
k af o ikww
f w
k f
aysmufç rwfwwfao rwfwwfaysmufwdkYomwnf;[k qdkMu
ukev
f wåUH /
tb,fhaMumifhenf;[lrl--tE¨ A mv tjrif - - ynmrsufpd r½SdMuukefaom xdktE¨
ykxZk Of wdo
Yk nf xdrk ;D awmufBu;D ü "mwftaxG tjym;udk jrifEikd af om
ynmrsufpd r½SdMuukef? tpOfrjywfaom oEÅwdedrdwfBuD;udkom
jrifEdkifaom yuwdrsufpdom ½SdMuukef\/
olwjYkd rifMuaom oEÅwed rd w
d Bf u;D rSmrlum; rD;pG&J mXme tpü
jzpfay:rI wpfBudrfom ½Sd\? ig;&mwGif; wpfwdkif ponfa&mufí
tqk;H pGef tukeaf o qk;H &mü ysuu
f ,
G rf I wpfBurd o
f m ½S\
d ? tv,fü
tpOf[if;vif;jrif&aom aumif;uiftjcm;Bu;D r½Sb
d J tpOftrQif

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

83

qufwef;í aeonfhtwGufaMumifh oEÅwdedrdwfBuD;twkdif;
rD;awmufBuD;wpfck oGm;av\[k qdkMuukefonf/
y@d w tjrif - - ynmrsufpd tjrif½SdMuukefaom vlwdkY
onfum; tE¨yx
k Zk Ofwu
Ykd o
Jh yYkd if yuwdrsupf jd zifh oEÅwd edrw
d Bf u;D udk
jrifMuukefaomfvnf; yuwdrsufpdtjrifrnfonf [kwfrSefaom
"r®oYkd b,ftcgrS qdu
k ½f ;kd r½S?d r[kww
f ½kwaf wG teEÅtjryJ g½S\
d [k
odMuvsuf½Sdojzifh yuwdrsufpdtjrifudk 0dnmPf\vdrfrIBuD;[k
y,f½Sm;í ynmrsufpdtjrifudk ay:atmifazmfí MunfhMuukef\/
rD ; awmuf j zpf a y:aMumif ; ES i f h ÓPf t jrif - --tb,fodkY
MunfhMuukefoenf; [lrlum; þrD;awmufBuD;rSm atmufajrü
,rf;peuf wnf½Sd\/
xd,
k rf;peufrS jzpf&\/ xd,
k rf;peufwrH mS vnf; ,rf;0gwpf
wefYç ,rf;eDwpfweYfç tpOftwdkif; jcm;em;vsuf ½Sd\/
olYtwefYESifh olYrD;awmuf toD;oD; jzpfMu\?
,rf;0grS rD;eD rjzpfEdkif? ,rf;eDrS rD;0g rjzpfEdkif/
xdkYaMumifh rD;awmuftoD;oD;om jzpfMuukef\? wavQmuf
vkH; wpfckwnf;um; {uefr[kwf? olY,rf;tukef tukefwGif
olYae&mESifhol toD;oD; ysufqkH;Mu\? b,fudkrS a½GUEdkifMuç
oGm;EdkifMuonfr[kwf[k MunfhjrifMuukef\/
þum; rD;awmufjzpfay:&ef taMumif;ESifhpyfí
ÓPftjrifay:csufwnf;/
----- Ä -----

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

84

rD ; awmuf t rmcH E S i f h ÓPf t jrif / / rD ; awmuf B uD ;
wpfckvkH;ü1/ 0gaomtqif;um; "mwfwpfrsdK;?
2/ eDaomtqif;um; "mwfwpfrsdK; toD;oD; jzpfMu\/
þodkY tqif;"mwfESpfrsdK; uGJvGJxl;jcm;jcif; jzpf&onfrSm
vnf; tqif;\rS&D m r[mbkwu
f m,Bu;D av;yg;wdu
Yk yif ESprf sKd ;ESpf
axG uGJvGJxl;jcm; ½SdMuukef\/
1/ t0g\rSD&m r[mbkwfum,BuD;av;yg;um; wpfrsdK;?
2/ teD\rSD&m r[mbkwfum,BuD;av;yg;um; wpfrsdK;?
þodkY toD;oD;jzpfMu\/
0gaom tqif;"mwf\rSD&m r[mbkwfum,BuD;av;yg;
uG,fqkH; &mrSm 0gaomtqif;"mwf uG,fqkH;&\? rD;awmuf0gBuD;
ukeq
f ;Hk &\/
eDaom tqif;"mwf\ rSD&m r[mbkwfum,BuD; av;yg;
uG,fqkH;&mrSm eDaomtqif;"mwf uG,fqkH;&\? rD;awmufeDBuD;
ukeq
f ;Hk &\/
tqif;"mwfEpS rf sKd ; ukeq
f ;Hk rIum; yuwdrsupf t
d jrifEiS yhf if
xif½Sm;\? tqif;"mwfESpfrsdK; ukefqkH;rIudk jrifojzifh r[mbkwf
um,Bu;D av;yg;vnf; olt
Y qif;ESio
hf l uG,q
f ;Hk onfukd odjrif&\?
xdu
k m,ç xd"k mwfwrYkd S tvGwf rD;awmuf[í
l ½Sad wmhonfr[kw/f
xdkYaMumifh xdkum,ç xdk"mwfwdkY uG,fqkH;&mrSm olYum,ç
ol"Y mwfwEYkd iS hf olrY ;D awmuf toD;oD;jzpfMuí olu
Y m,ç ol"Y mwfwYkd

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

85

uG,q
f ;Hk &mrSm olrY ;D awmufvnf; uG,q
f ;Hk \[k Munfjh rifMuuke\
f /
þum; rD;awmuf\ txnfcHjzpfukefaom um,tjym;ç
0PÖ"mwf tjym;wdkYESifhpyfí ÓPftjrifay:csufwnf;/
tjrif 2-yg; rwl y k H - - þod k Y ynmrsuf p d t jrif u d k
ay:atmifazmfí Munfjh rifMuukeaf omaMumifh yuwd rsupf t
d jrif
u rD;awmufBuD;wpfck[k qkH;jzwfMuonfudk ynmrsufpdtjrifu
rD;awmufBuD;wpfck r[kwf[k y,fzsufí rD;awmufBuD;wdkYum;
toD;oD; y&dapä'jcm;em;Muukefvsuf t&mruç taxmifru
rsm;jym;ukef\[k qkH;jzwf\/
xdt
Yk wl yuwdrsupf t
d jrifu rD;awmufBu;D oGm;av\[k
qkH;jzwfonfudk ÓPfrsufpdtjrifu rD;awmufBuD;b,fudkrS
ra½GUroGm;[k y,fzsuí
f rD;awmufBu;D wdu
Yk m; rdrw
d jYkd zpf&mXmerSm
toD;toD; ukefqkH;Muukef\[k qkH;jzwf\/
þodkY oP²meedrdwfç oEÅwdedrdwfwdkYudkom jrifEdkifaom
yuwdrsufpd\ trIoGm;ESifh "mwfobm0wdkYudk jrifEdkifaom
ÓPfrsufpd\ trIoGm; tjyef tvSef aeMuykHudk odav/
þodkY ynm½SdwdkYonf yuwdrsufpdtjrifudk y,f½Sm;í
ynmrsufpdudk vdkufpm;Muukef\? tE¨AmvykxkZOfwdkY\ tjrifESifh
uvsmP y@dwwdkY\ tjrifESpfyg; cGJjcm;MuykHwnf;/
þum; tjrif txifukd wnfaxmifp umvü um,Bu;D
wdkY\ jzpfrIç ysufrIudk ÓPftjrifaygufatmif wnffaxmif&ef
OyrmBu;D wnf;/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

86

þOyrmBu;D twdik ;f ÓPftjrif ½Si;f vif;aom umvürl um;
wpfckwpfckaom rD;awmufBuD;udk Munfhí aechJvQif wvIyfvIyf
w½G½G w<u<u wvlval wGukd jrif&ojzifh xdrk ;D awmufBu;D ruG,rf D
twGif;üyifvQif rD;awmufBuD;wpfckvkH;ü tajcysufç taeysufç
trlt&mysufç Bud,mysufawGudk 'd|odjrifí ajcvSrf;wpfck
twGif;rSmyif xdkrD;awmufBuD;ü um,av;yg;wdkY &yfwnfr&
ysujf yKe;f uG,q
f ;Hk í tjraJ eonfuv
kd nf; xifjrif Edik v
f wåUH ? þum;
Oyrmwnf;/
Oyrme Oyar,s pyf [ yf j yyk H
wpfckwpfckaom ajcvSrf;ukd vSrf;awmhrnf½Sd&m ESvkH;aoG;
twGif;ü t[kefESifhwuGaom aZmpdwftpOfonf wpfokwf
wpfokwf jzpfay:\? ukd,ft*FgBuD;wkdYukd vIyf½Sm;<ucsDaom pdwåZ
um,BuD;onf xkdaZmpdwftpOfrS wpf[kefwnf;jzpfí x\?
xkad jcvSr;f tqk;H wGif xkad Zmpdwt
f pOf csKyq
f ;Hk \? xkpd w
d Zå um,Bu;D
vnf; csKyfqkH;í aZmwpfokwf wpfokwfonf ,rf;0gwpfwefY
wpfwefEY iS hf wl\? pdwZå um,Bu;D wpfcw
k pfco
k nf rD;awmuf0gBu;D
wpfcw
k pfcEk iS w
hf \
l /
ajrü ajcusí xdwfceJ xdwfceJtckdufwGif ajcz0g;rSpí
tvG e f j yif ; xef a om t[k e f ½ S d a om 'Pf c suf Owk B uD ; onf
jzpfay:\? OwkZum,Bu;D onf xd'k Pfcsuf OwkBu;D rS jzpfí x\?
'PfcsufOwkBuD;vnf; cPcsif; csKyfqkH;\? OwkZum,BuD;vnf;
cPcsif; csKyfqkH;\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

87

'PfcsufOwkBuD; wpfBudrfwpfBudrf jzpfay:rIonf ,rf;eD
wpfwefY wpfwefYESifhwl\/
OwkZum,BuD; wpfckwpfckonf rD;awmufeDBuD; wpfck
wpfckESifh wl\/
þrS<uif;orQ tcsupf u
k kd OyrmESihf tukex
f yfwMl uatmif
xkwfazmf ESD;aESmí odMuav/
Oyrmqdak omfvnf; tvGwOf yrmrsKd ;r[kw?f Oyrm0w¦KrmS yif
a½S;OD;pGm ½I&rnf? pHjy Oyrmwnf;/

0dnmOf\vdrfrIBuD; pdwå0dyv’moudk y,f½Sm;ykH
þcE¨mud,
k Bf u;D oGm;íaeqJtcgü-- yuwdrsupf d wpfco
k m
½SdMuukefaom tE¨ykxkZOfwdkYonfum; vrf;ü vlwpfa,mufoGm;
av\[k þrQuo
kd m odjrifajymqdMk uuke\
f ? rdrw
d u
Ykd v
kd nf; igoGm;
onfç rnfoo
l mG ;onfç igvmonfç rnfov
l m onf[k þrQuo
kd m
odjrifajymqdkukef\/
ynmrsufpd½SdMuukefaom uvsmP y@dwyk*¾dKvfwdkYonf
um; yuwdrsupf t
d jrifEiS hf jrif&aom edrw
d o
f P²mef r[kwrf rSeBf u;D
udk twyfodMuukefojzifh yuwdrsufpdtjrifudk 0dnmPf\
vdrfrIBuD;[k y,f½Sm;í yk*¾dKvfç owå0g[lír½Sd? olç ig[lír½Sd?
ajcwpfvSrf;rS ajcwpfvSrf;odkY ul;íoGm;aomolç vmaomol[lí
wpfpw
Hk pfa,mufrQ r½S?d vSr;f aomajc[líyifr½S?d ajcvSr;f [líyif
r½Sd? yuwdrsufjrif 0dnmPfrsufvSnfh\ trIom jzpf\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

88

olYtaMumif;ESifhol wpfokwfwpfokwf jzpfay:Muukefaom
um,BuD;wdkYonf aZmpdwf'Pfcsuf Owk[laom olYtaMumif;
csKyfqkH;&mwGif olYtokwfESifhol csKyfqkH;Muukef\/
yXrajcvSrf;ü jzpfay:aom cufrmrIBuD;wdkYonf ajcudkcs
aomtcgü wpfu,
kd v
f ;Hk yifatmufoYkd nGwu
f ikd ;f aom tjcif;t&m
odYk a&mufMuuke\
f ? ajrüajcusítpdu
k w
f iG f wpfNyKd ief uf ysuq
f ;Hk Mu
ukef\? yuwdtwdkif;ESifh wnfwhHckcHíaeaom cufrmrI[lí
tPkjrLrQ t<uif;tusefr½Sd? udk,fawGU'd| xif½Sm;vS\/
,rf;rD;awmufBu;D w[kew
f nf; awmufxouho
J Ykd xdt
k cgü
OwkZum,Bu;D w[kew
f nf;jzpfay:rIvnf; wpfu,
kd v
f ;Hk odro
hf rd hf
vIyfyif xif½Sm;vS\? cPcsif; i,fxdyfodkY qdkufwdkufvm\?
xdwu
f eJtoH csKyaf ysmufonfEiS hf wpfNyKd ief uf xdOk wkZum,onf
rD;awmufBu;D wpfcsuw
f nf; aoaysmufouho
J Ykd csKyaf ysmufav\/
wpfudk,fvkH;rSm txufodkY w[kefwnf; wufxaom
0ga,m um,BuD; wpfcsufwnf; csKyfaysmufrIonf udk,fawGY'd|
xif½mS ;vS\? rSe&f yd w
f iG f aMumifaMumifjrif&aom vl&yd Bf u;D \ ay:rIç
aysmufrIudk aMumif aMumif jrifouhJodkY xif½Sm;atmif pdkufpGJav?
tpGe;f Bu;D ESpyf g;ESiw
hf uG tmumoy&dapä'Bu;D udv
k nf; pyfaMumif;
pyfMum;BuD;taeESifh ÓPfwGif xif½Sm;Muap/
,rf;rD;awmufOyrmü t0gteDtqif;jzifh ydkif;jcm;í
csKyfqkH;rIudk odjrif&ouhJodkY þüvnf; oGm;qJtcgü wpfudk,f
vk;H wGif ud,
k af wGU'd| odjrif&aom vIy½f mS ;rIwjYkd zifh ydik ;f jcm;í um,

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

89

BuD;wdkY\ jzpfay:rI ysufqkH;rIudk odjrifav/
oGm;jcif;£&d,mykxfBuD; NyD;\/
--------------

&yfjcif;ü um,BuD; 4-yg; jzpfysufaeykH
&yfjcif; £&d,mykxüf oGm;jcif;\ tqk;H ESihf &yfjcif;\tpudk
½Si;f vif; &m\? oGm;rI\qdik &f m trlt&mrsKd ;um; a½SUodaYk ½S;½Ivsuf
vIyf½Sm;\? &yfrIqdkif&m trlt&mrsdK;um; txufodkY csDyifhvsuf
&yfpu
kd \
f ? tpGe;f ç tpç tjcm;ok;H yg; ½Si;f vif;av wpfu,
kd v
f ;Hk tukef
ÓPfrikHEdkifchJvQif OD;acgif; paom t*Fgwpfckckudk ydkif;í½Sif;av/
&yfaepOf vIyf½Sm;rI 2-rsdK;;/

/&yfwnfíaeqJtcgü
vIyf½Sm;rI 2-rsdK;½Sd\/
1/ tvdk½Sd&m udk,ft*Fgudk vIyf½Sm;rIwpfrsdK;?
2/ wpfcPxuf wpfcP £&d,myx OwkZrD; awmuf
xí w½Sdef½Sdef w½G½G vIyf½Sm;rIwpfrsdK;?

ud k , f t *F g vI y f ½ S m ;rI - - xdkESpfrsdK;wdkYwGif tvdk½Sd&m udk,f
t*FgvIy½f mS ;rIrmS wpfu,
kd v
f ;Hk vIy&f mS ;onfjzpf\? &yfpu
kd f wnfwrHh I
\qdkif&m trlt&mESifh vIyf½Sm;rI\qdkif&m trlt&mpkudk tcsuf
½Smí ½Sif;vif;av? &yfpdkufwnfwYHrI tajcysuf taeysufudk
tcsufrdrd ½Smí jcm;em;av? xdkxdk tpdwft*FgvIyf½Sm;&müvnf;
vIy½f mS ;aomt*Fgç vIy½f mS ;rI\qdik &f m trlt&mudk ae&mus odwwf
jrifwwfap? vIyf½Sm;aom trlt&mudk od& jrif&vQif xdkae&mü

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

90

tajcysufrI taeysufrI {uef½Sdawmhonf/
½k y f a [mif ; csKyf ½ k y f o pf a y:
y:-- tajcysufrI taeysufrI
qdo
k nfum; ½kyaf [mif;csKyu
f ,
G rf u
I kd qdo
k nf? ½kyaf [mif; csKyu
f ,
G rf I
r½Sdu vIyf½Sm;rI[laom trlt&mopf rjzpfEdkif? þpum;udk
NrJNrJrSwfav/

rsufawmifcwfrIü
r[mbkwf um,BuD; 4-yg; jzpfysufaeykH
t,k w f t m;jzif h rsuf a wmif c wf r I touf ½ S L rI w d k Y ü yif
þpum;udk od&rnf? rsufawmifcwfrIü rsufpdudkzGifhí xm;aom
tcg rsufvkH;udk avovyf\? OwkZrD;xí vm\? rsufvkH;zefí
vm\? rsufawmif\ twGif;t&yfum; pdkpGwf\? xdkpdkpGwfaom
rsufawmiftzdkYjzifh rsufvkH;udk cPcP yGwfoyf&\? xaom
OwkZrD; Nidrf;íNidrf;í oGm;\? wzefaysmufNidrf;\? þum;
rsufawmifcwfrI\ taMumif;tusdK;wnf;/
rsufawmif 2-zufwdkYü½Sdaom cufrmrIç zGJUrIap;rIç ylaEG;rIç
awmifh wif;rI[al om um,Bu;D av;yg;wdo
Yk nf rsuaf wmifuw
kd eG í
Yf
xm;aom tcgü trlt&mwpfrsdK;wdkYwnf;? rsufawmifudkjzefYí
cwfaomtcgü trlt&m wpfrsdK;wdkYwnf;/
wGefYíxm;aomtcgü cufrmrIç zGJYap;rIESpfyg; rif;rl\?
awaZmç 0ga,mikwf\? vIyf½Sm;rI txl;r½Sd/
cwfaomtcgü vIyfrI[laom pdwåZ0ga,m avMurf; ½kwf
ceJjzpfay:\? rif;rlíaeaom cufrmrIç zGJYap;rIwdkYudk cgwGufrIwf

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

91

vTifhíypf\? wGefYíaeaom tajctae cPcsif;ysuf\/
cwfrI½kyfodrf;jyefaomtcgü xdkpdwåZ0ga,mavonf
vQyfa&mif csKyfaysmufouhJodkY csKyfuG,fjyefí rif;rlaom yx0D
tmaygrsdK; jzpfay:í rif;rlNrJrif;rljyef\/
rsuaf wmif[al om oP²meferd w
d Bf u;D udk ÓPfjzifh y,f½mS ;í
"mwfom; "mwf&if;udk ÓPfpdkufrdrS xifjrifEdkif\/
touf ½ S L rI ü qD r D ; awmuf O yrm-- touf½SLrIü qDrD;
awmuf\tusdK; qufonf 2-rsdK;½Sd\/
rD;a&mifxGufrI wpfrsdK;?
rD;cdk;xGufrI wpfrsdK;/
xdkYwGif-- tjypfa'gopifMu,faom ESrf;qDa&eHqDwdkYrS
jzpfaom rD;awmufrSm rD;a&mifxGufrI tusdK;wpfrsdK;om ½Sd\?
rD;cdk;xGufrI r½Sd/
tjypfa'go½Sdaom qDMurf;ç a&eHMurf;wdkYrSjzpfaom
rD;awmufrSm rD;a&mifxGufrIç tcdk;xGufrI tusdK;quf ESpfrsdK;½Sd\?
qDç a&eHMurf;avav ta&mifenf;yg;í tcdk;rsm;avavjzpf\/
Oyrm/
þOyrmü--1/ tyÜemodYk a&mufaom r[*¾Kwu
f pH o
k nf tvGef
tjypf a'gowdrYk S pifMu,faom ESr;f qDa&eHqw
D Ykd
ESifh wlukef\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD
2/

92

r[*¾Kwf 0dygufwdkYonf xdkESrf;qD a&eHqDwdkYrS
jzpfaom rD;awmufESifh wlukef\/
xdk0dygufwdkYrS tvGefodrfarGUaom pdwåZ½kyfwdkYonfom
xGufukef\? xGufoufç 0ifouf[laom Murf;wrf;aom tcdk;
rxGuNf y/D
3/ tyÜemodkY ra&mufaom umrm0p&uHpkonf
ESrf;qDMurf;ç a&eHqDMurf;wdkYESifh wl\/
4/ umrm0p& b0if0dygufwdkYonf xdkESrf;qDç
a&eHqDwdkYrS jzpfaom rD;awmufESifh wlukef\/
pdwZå ½kyMf urf;wpfrsKd ;ç xGuo
f ufç 0ifouf[al om tcd;k Murf;
wpfrsdK; [lí tusdK;quf ESpfrsdK;xGuf\/
xdkESpfrsdK;wdkYwGif xGufoufç 0ifouf[laom tcdk;Murf;
xGufjcif;onf1/ a½S;OD;pGm píjzpfay:jcif;?
2/ tpOftquf jzpfjcif;-[lí ESpfrdsK;½Sd\/
xdkESpfrsdK;wdkYwGif-1/ píjzpfay:jcif;rSm A[d'¨av vIHYaqmfay;rS jzpfEdkif\?
trd0rf;ü aeqJtcgü¤if;? a&owå0gwdüYk ¤if; tyav
0ifciG rhf &aomaMumifh píjzpfay:jcif;yifr½S?d trd0rf;rS
zGm;jrifaomtcg tyav 0ifcGifh&aomaMumifh pí
jzpfay:\? tpOftquf vnf;jzpfav\/
2/ þ tpOftqufjzpfrIonf tptxü tyav
jywfuif;í oGm;cJhvQif jzpfrIyif aysmufNidrf;í

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

93

oGm;av&m\? tyavESihf aeY&uf&n
S Mf um tm;Bu;D pGm
qufqHzefrsm;aomtcgürlum; tyavjywfuif;
aomfvnf; jzpfrl rNird ;f Ekid Nf y?D tyavjywfchJ vQif jyifoYkd
rxGurf í
l &ifwiG ;f ç 0rf;wGi;f ü trGe;f wdu
k í
f owå0g
udk aoap\/
xGufoufç 0ifouf csKyfrIudk ur®|mef;tvkyfwpfckjyKí
tpGJtjrJ tm;xkwfEkdifojzifh xGufoufç 0ifoufudk tpdk;&aom
tjzpfodkYa&mufrlum; tm,k0¹e tm[m&od'¨drsm;udkyif jyD;ap
Edkif\[k [dE´LwdkYenf; vrf;&Sd\/ þum; touf½SLrI\taMumif;
tusK;d wnf;/

touf½SLrIü
r[mbkwfum,BuD; 4-yg; jzpfysuf½IykH
þtouf½SLrIum; £&d,mykxf av;yg;wdkYü tNrJjzpfíae
aom pdwÅZ0ga,m um,BuD;wnf;? þpdwåZ0ga,m um,BuD;\
axmufuefrI aMumifh 0rf;tzdkYç cg;tzdkYç &iftzkdYç ausmufukef;tzdkYç
tonf; tqkwf ESv;Hk paom tv,fu,
kd t
f &yfwüYkd vIy<f uaom
OwkZum,avwdkYonf tNrJxukef\/
xd k u d k , f t &yf w d k Y ü xG u f o uf t cd k u f w G i f jzpf a y:aom
um,BuD; av;yg;wdkYonf 0ifouftcdkufodkY ra&mufMuukefrlí
xGufoufESifhtwl ysufMuukef\/
0ifouftcdkufwGif jzpfay:vmaom um,MuD;av;yg;
wdkYonf xGufouftcdkufodkY ra&mufukefrlí 0ifoufESifhtwl

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

94

csKyfqHk;Muukef\/
xdkudk,ft&yfwpfckvHk;onf xGufouftcdkufwGifwpfcg
0ifouf tcdu
k w
f iG w
f pfcg a&jrKy§ pf ikd Bf u;D ç a&jrK§ ycf MJ u;D udk ,rf;oGwí
f
cGJouJhodkY tNrJ ysufqHk;Mu&ukef\/
tqk w f c J ü jzpf y suf ½ I y H k - -- &if E S i f h t jynf h & S d a eaom
tqkwcf MJ u;D onf yGwhJ csnçf &IUH wJch snf &yfwnfr& ysuq
f ;Hk íae&\?
þtqkwfcJBuD;ü trmcHum; cufrmrIBud,m[laom yx0Dum,
Bu;D wnf;/
tqkwcf [
J al om edrw
d Bf u;D udk rxifaprlí yx0Dum,Bu;D
udk ÓPfpdkufíMunfh/
tajctaerysufyJ yuwdtwdkif; wnfaeEkdifaom cufrm
rI[lí tPkjrLrQr½Sd? tu,fí ½Sdjim;tHh? yGrIç <urIç ½IHUrIç usrIç
vIy½f mS ;rI[í
l r½S&d m? xdt
k rIp½k adS eonfukd 'd|ud,
k af wGU jzpfMu\/
xdkYaMumifh--1/ tajcysufrI
2/ taeysufrI
3/ trlt&mysufrI
4/ Bud,mysufrI
5/ cufrmjcif;Bud,m ajymif;vJrI
6/ zGJUap;jcif;Bud,m ajymif;vJrI
7/ ylaEG;jcif;Bud,m ajymif;vJrI
8/ axmufuefjcif;Bu,
d m ajymif;vJrw
I Ykd rjywfrpJ
tNr½J adS eonfukd rkcs{uEÅ odtyf\? "mwftrlt&m oufoufukd

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

95

uGufjcm;í MunfhwwfrS xifjrifEdkifonf? yG&G aysmYaysmif;aom
txnfj'AfrsKd;wdkYü yx0Dum,BuD; NyKdysufrIonf qwfqwfaMu
qwf q wf u sd K ; r[k w f o uJ h o d k Y xif j rif í aewwf \ ? ed r d w f
oP²mefESifh zufpyfí a&ma,mifrIBuD; wpfyg;yifwnf;/
y&rwf"mwfoufoufwdkY\ ysufrIwkdYonfum; qwfqwf
aMu qwfqwfusdK;wdkYcsnf;omwnf;? wpfqHjcrf;rQ ,drf;,dkif
nGwaf ysmif; ysO;f xHck REJ í
JG cHaejcif;r½S?d qwfqwfaMu qwfqwfusKd ;
jzef;jzef;NydK zsufzsufuscsnf; xifjrifatmif MunfhMuav/
ysufrIvsifjrefjcif;-- rD;awmufr;D vQH jrpfa&t,OfwYkd rSmyif
y&rwf"mwfBuD;wdkY\ ysufrIwdkYonf qwfqwfaMurI qwfqwf
usKd ;rIwo
Ykd mwnf;? tvGev
f nf; odraf rGU\? tvGev
f nf; vsijf ref\?
ajrü ajcpdkufrIESifhpyfí pdwåZum,BuD;ysufrIç OwkZum,BuD;
jzpfay:rIudk Munfh½I&mü Munfh½Iolu ajcz0g;rSm ÓPfajc ½Smí
aeqJwGif ysufrIç jzpfrIwdkYu i,fxdyfodkY aygufa&mufMuukefNyD?
þrQavmuf vsifjref\? tvGefodrfarGUvS\?
odkYaomfvnf; vlwdkif;odMuaom udk,fawGU'd|rsdK;wdkYwGif
tusHK;0ifaom trIrsdK;pifppfjzpf\? ÓPfrrSDEdkifaumif;aom
trIrsKd ;r[kw/f
tqkwfcJBuD;wpfckü ÓPftjrifaygufcJhvsif tonf;cJç
ESvkH;cJç tñd§KUcJç tzsOf;cJç tlrç tlodrfwdkYüvnf;aumif;ç &if½kd;ç
cg;½kd;ç ausmufukef;½dk;ç eH½dk;wdkYüvnf;aumif;ç xdkt½dk;wdkYtay:ü
zH;k tkyaf om tom;pdik çf tom;cJç tom;jyifç ta&xlç ta&yg;wdüYk
vnf;aumif; touf½SLwdkif; ½SLwdkif; vIyf½Sm;&aom udk,f tv,f

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

96

ydik ;f Bu;D wpfciG v
f ;kH üvnf; tqkwcf BJ u;D rSmuJo
h Ykd tuket
f pif xifjrif
Edik Mf uukev
f wåUH /
rwfwwf&yfaom "mwfoal ,mifBu;D tae vkyBf uí
H Munfch hJ
vQif txufyidk ;f atmufyikd ;f rvIyyf J tv,fyikd ;f Bu;D wGif um,Bu;D
av;yg;wd\
Yk &yfwnfí ysurf çI jzpfrçI tNrJ yGuyf u
G q
f í
l aeonfukd
xifjrif&\/ þum; &yfrI £&d,mykxfü rsufawmifcwfjcif;ç
touf½SLjcif;wkdY twGuf um,BuD;av;yg;wdkY\ jzpfrlç ysufrludk
jyqdkcsufwnf;/
&yf j cif ; ü ud k , f t *F g vI y f ½ S m ;rI - - xdk&yfrI £&d,mykxf
twGif;ü ,drf; ,kdif udkif;nGwfjcif;ç xdkxdkudk,f t*FgtpdwfwdkY\
vIy½f mS ;jcif;ç auG;jcif;ç qefjY cif;ç csjD cif;ç csjcif;tp½So
d nf wdüYk rlum;
oufouf&yfwefY pkdufxlrI\qdkif&m uywdtrlt&mwdkYESifh xdk
,drf;,kdifudkif;nGwfjcif; tp½SdonfwdkY\ qdkif&mtrlt&mopfwdkYudk
t&if; tjrpfEiS w
hf uG jcm;em;í &yfjcif;ESihf oGm;jcif; tul;t,Surf mS
uJhokdY ½Sif;vif;pGm xifjrifMuavukef/
&yfjcif; £&d,mykxfü udk,ft*fg vIyf½Sm;rI NyD;\/
------- Ä ------&yf j cif ; ü yuwd vI y f ½ S m ; ajymif ; vJ r I
þ&yfjcif; £&d,mykxfü yuwd vIyf½Sm;rIukd jyqkdaytHh?
vIyf½Sm;jcif; txl;r½SdbJ yuwd rwfwyf&yfpkdufí ae&mü &yfpkduf
rdonfESifh wpfNydKifeuf txuftxuf ukd,ft*FgwkdY\ zdrIç pD;rIç
n§prf çI n§yrf t
I wGuEf iS hf atmufatmuf uk,
d t
f *FgwküYd ajcz0g;tjyif

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

97

rSpí £&d,myx OwkZrD; xNrJ"r®wmaywnf;? xkdrD;um; ylrD;ç
yifr;D ç anmif;rD;ç nmrD;ç xkrH ;D ç usirf ;D ç atmifrh ;D ç tifrh ;D ç awmifrh ;D ç
wif;rD;wnf;? £&d,mykxf wpfyg; rajymif;bJ Mumjrifph mG &yfíaevQif
tjyif;txef ESyd pf ufí xkd ae&mwGiyf if taoowfrnfh 'kur© ;D rsKd ;
wnf;/
½k y f a jymif ; vJ r I jzpf y k H - - &yfpü odomxif½Sm; r½Sdao;?
wpfu,
dk v
f ;Hk ½Sad om t½k;d ok;H &mç taMumuk;d &mç tom;pkid f tom;cJ
ukd;&mwkdYonf tpü ½Tif½Tifysys csrf;jrMunfvif ½SdMuukef\?
twefMumcJv
h Qif xkt
d vk;H pkw
H u
Ydk dk aygif;wifouJo
h Ydk rdrw
d t
Ydk wGi;f rS
toD; toD; xukefaom £&d,myx OwkZrD;wkdYonf aygif;aEG;
uke\
f ? xkx
d uf Mumanmif;cJv
h Qif ½Ti½f iT yf sys csr;f jrMunfvif ½Sad e
ukefaom xkdt½kd;½kyfç taMum½kyfç tom;½kyfwkdYukd tukefajymif
atmif avmifNrdKufí ypfukef\/
xkx
d uf tqift
h qifh Mumanmif;cJv
h Qif uk,
d w
f iG ;f oP²mef
wpfcv
k ;Hk onf urÇma0ouJo
h Ydk qlqw
l uf yGuyf u
G Mf urf; jzpfav\?
tjyifzkdY rsufjrifrSm rxljcm;vS? xkdyk*¾dKvfum; rdrdukd,ft*FgwkdYü
txl;ylyefívmrIç anmif;nm ívmrI ponfwkdYukd odMuukef\/
txufü jyqkdcJhNyD;aom za,mif;½kyfBuD;ç csdwfaq;½kyfBuD;
wkdYukd þt&mü pHjyKí xm;&m\/
za,mif;½kyBf u;D ç csw
d af q;½kyBf u;D wku
Yd dk ½Sm;rD;us;D t½Sed x
f &d m
Nrd§Kuf&mç avmif&mwkdYü za,mif;om;ç csdwfom; taeysufrIç
aysmhaysmif;rI ig;usyfom; wpfq,fom; wpfydóm ESpfydóm

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

98

ponfjzifh NyKd ysurf w
I u
Ydk dk rsupf Ed iS hf jrif&ouJo
h Ydk jyqkcd NhJ y;D aom t½k;d
taMum tom; tvk;H pkw
H u
Ydk v
dk nf; £&d,myx OwkZrD;us;D t½Sed f
xd&mç aygif;aEG;&mç Nrd§Kuf&mç avmif&mwkdYü yuwdum,BuD;
av;yg;wkdY\ £a`E´ysufrIç tajctaeysufrIç xkdxkdt½kd;cJ taMum
cJ tom;cJ tonf; tqkwf ESv;Hk ausmufuyf OD;aESmufcJ rsuv
f ;Hk cJ
ponfw\
Ydk NyKd ysuu
f ek q
f ;Hk rIawGudk rsupf Ed iS hf jrifouJo
h Ydk xifjrifMu
uke&f m\/
rvIyfr½Sm;rlí 1-em&D 2-em&D 3-em&D 4-em&D 5-em&D 6em&D ponfjzifh rwfwyf&yfpu
dk í
f aeMuukeo
f nf½adS omf wpfem&DcefY
rMumrDyif rdrdukd,f t*FgtwGif;ü b,fae&mrSm b,fvkdtjcif;
t&mrsdK; topftopf jzpfay:í vmonf[k ukd,fawGU'd|
xif½mS ;Muuke\
f /
&yfp umvü wpfu,
dk v
f ;Hk yif Munfvifcsr;f jr ½Sad eMuukef
aom tvkH;pkHaom um,BuD;wkdYonf xkdtcgü wpfwkdwpfprQ
r½SdMuukefNyD? wpfukd,fvkH;rSm yl½kyfç yif½kyfç anmif;½kyfç nm½kyfç
xkH½kyfç usif½kyfç atmifh½kyfç tifh½kyfç awmihf½kyfç wif;½kyfwkdYcsnf;
jzpfMuukef\? b,fae&mrSmrS &yfaeputwkdif; r½SdNyD? ukd,fawGU
'd|rIBuD;wnf;/
jyqkcd NhJ y;D aom za,mif;½kyBf u;D ç csyd af q;½kyBf u;D wk\
Yd NyKd ysurf u
I dk
yuwdrsupf jd zifv
h nf;aumif;ç ÓPfrsupf jd zifh vnf;aumif; aMumif
aMumif jrifMuukefouJhokdY ajcz0g;rSpí tvkH;pkHaom t½kd;
aum|moç tvk;H pkaH om tom;aum|mo ponfw\
Ydk ½kyaf jymif;
vJyçHk £&d,myx OwkZrD;us;D tpOftwkid ;f wk;d yGm;awmufavmifí

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

99

oGm;ykHç yx0Dum,tp½Sdaom yuwdaom um,BuD;wkdY\ wpf
ajrhajrh wpf½G½G ukefcef;ykHrsm;ukd ÓPfrsufpdjzifh aMumifaMumif
xifjrifMuapukef/
txl;rlum; za,mif;½kyBf u;D ç csyd af q;½kyBf u;D wkrYd mS ½Sm;rD;us;D u
jyifyrSpíavmif\? £&d,myx OwkZrD;usD;um; twGif;oEÅmef
wpfcGifvkH;rSpí jzpfay:\? þum; txl;wnf;/
Oo®mawaZmESifh oEÅmyawaZm-- yuwd Owk[laom
Oo®maw aZmac:aom udk,fapmifh ur®Z"mwfrD;usD;ESifhwuG xdk
xdk£&d,mykxfwdkYü £&d,mykxftm;avsmfpGm wpfrsdK;wpfrsdK; tpOf
jzpfay:íaeaom oEÅmyawaZmac:aom þ£&d,myx OwkZ
tm*EÅKrD;usD;? þrD;usD; 2-yg;wdkY\twGufESifh wpfudk,fvkH;
wpfaumifv;Hk rSm tyfzsm;&mrQ rvyf&bJ tNreJ pd t
ö m;jzifh w<u<u
w&G&G wrGrG wajrUajrU vIy½f mS ; ysujf ym;íaerIukd ]]yuwdvyI ½f mS ;rI}}
qdo
k wnf;/
&yfjcif; £&d,mykxfü yuwdvIyf½Sm;rI NyD;\/
þokdYvQif &yfjcif; £&d,mykxfü--1/ rsufawmifcwfrI?
2/ touf½SLrI?
3/ xdkxdk udk,ft*Fg vIyf½Sm;rI?
4/ þyuwd vIyf½Sm;rI?
[laom av;yg;aom vIyf½Sm;rIwdkYjzifh um,BuD; 4-yg;wdkY\
jzpfrIç ysufrIudk Munfh½IMuukef&monf/
&yfjcif; £&d,mykxf NyD;\/
-------- Ä --------

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

100

xdkifjcif;ü um,BuD; 4-yg; jzpfysufaeykH
xdkifjcif; £&d,mykxfü--&yfjcif; £&d,mykxEf iS hf tul;toef;rSmvnf; &yfr\
I qdik &f mç
xdkifrI\ qdkif&m ½kyftrlt&mESpfyg;ukd jcm;em;pGm ½Sif;vif;í a½S;ü
qdkcJhNyD;aomtwdkif; um,BuD;av;yg;wdkY\ jzpfrIç ysufrIudk Munfh
½IMuav/
xdik rf I £&d,mykxo
f Ydk a&mufNy;D aomtcgüvnf; rsuaf wmif
cwfrçI touf½LS rIç xdx
k u
kd ,
kd t
f *Fg vIy½f mS ;rIwrYkd mS &yfjcif;£&d,mykxf
twdkif; odav/
yuwdvIyf½Sm;rIürlum;--xdkifjcif; £&d,mykxfü atmufae&mü xdícHaom udk,f
t*Fgrsm;onfjzpfí txufudk,ft*Fgpk\ zdpD;rIç zdñ§yfrI tawmf
enf;yg;aomaMumifh £&d,myx OwkZrD;tx jznf;aES;\?
&yfrIxuf tawmfMumanmif;rS 'ku©rD; jyif;xefpGm avmif\?
tawmfMumaeEdkifaom £&d,mykxfwnf;/
£&d,myx'ku©rD; jyif;xefpGm awmufavmifaomtcgü
rlum; &yfjcif;£&d,mykxüf uJo
h Ydk jyqdck NhJ y;D aomtwdik ;f yif za,mif;
½kyBf u;D csyd af q;½kyBf u;D ysujf ym;rIEiS w
hf pl mG xifjrifatmif Munf½h aI v/
za,mif ; ½k y f E S i f h ud k , f c E¨ m ysuf y k H t xl ;
ysufjym;rIESifh wlpGm[laom pum;ü-za,mif;½kyfç csdyfaq;
½kyfwdkYrSm rD;aMumifh NydKysufaomae&mü oP²mefrysuf&atmif
½kyfopfxlaxmifrI r½SdaomaMumifh NydKysuf&mü oP²mef,kd,Gif;í

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

101

oGm;\/
þud,
k cf E¨mrSm £&d,myxrD;avmif&mürlum; avmifaom
rD ; \qd k i f & m ½k y f o pf w d k Y \ jzpf y G g ;rI o nf e*d k o P² m ef t wd k i f ;
tajcrysuf taerysuf jzpfyGg;\? oHawGcJBuD;udk rD;&Jap&mü
oP²mefrysufbJ rD;½kyfawG vJojzifh &J&JNidaom oHawGcJjzpfí
oGm;ouJo
h w
Ydk nf;/
oH a wG c J E S i f h u k d , f c E¨ m ysuf y k H t xl ;-- oHawGcJrSm rD;vGef
BuD;jzpfí rD; tqif;yg ay:\? þudk,fcE¨mrSm rD;vGefBuD;r[kwfí
rD;tqif; rxif½Sm; tpOftwdkif; ñId;EGrf;avsmhyg; ½kyfysufí
oGm;rIom ½Sd\? þum; txl;/
xdkifjcif; £&d,mykxf NyD;\/
-------- Ä -------

avsmif;jcif;ü um,BuD; 4-yg; jzpfysufaeykH
avsmif;jcif; £&d,mykxfüvnf;--£&d,mykxf tul;tajymif;ESifhwuG tm;vkH; odomNyD?
£&d,myx oEÅmyrD; jzpfygG ;rIüum; xdik jf cif; £&d,mykxrf mS xufyif
atmufcu
H ,
dk t
f *Fg tm;Bu;D vSonfjzpfí txuft*Fgwd\
Yk zdp;D rIç
zdñy§ rf I tvGeo
f ufom vsu½f adS omaMumifh £&d,myx oEÅmyrD;
txav;\? tawmfBuD; Mum anmif;rS jyif;xefpGm avmif\?
xdkifrIxuf MumjrifhpGm aeEdkif\? þrQom xl;\/
avsmif;jcif; £&d,mykxf NyD;\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

102

þwGifa&GUum; £&d,mykxf 4-yg;ukd tpOfrDS;í rusOf;
rus,t
f m;jzifh þud,
k cf E¨mü tmumoy&dapä' toD;toD;ESiw
hf uG
a½SUaemufjzpfaom um,BuD; 4-yg;wdkY\ rjywfrpJ ajymif;vJjzpf
ysufí aerIudk jyqdkcef;NyD;\/
½lyu©E¨mü tedpövu©Pm azmfenf; zGifhenf; NyD;\/
--------- Ä ---------

emru©E¨m 4-yg;wdkYü tedpövu©Pm
,cktcg emru©E¨m 4-yg;wdkYü tedpövu©Pm azmfenf;zGifh
enf;udk jyqdkaytHh/
0d n mPu© E ¨ m ud k aemuf q k H ; xm;í
a[mjcif ; taMumif ;
emru©E¨m 4-yg;wdkYwGif 0dnmP u©E¨monf tBuD;trSL;
OD;pD;OD; ukdif tcsKyftjcm y"meBuD; jzpf ygvsuf a'oemtpOfü
aemufqkH;xm;í a[mawmfrlonfrSmowå 0 gwd k Y t m; xif ½ S m ;&mud k y"mejyawmf r l o nf r S w f ?
½lyu©Em¨ onf txift½Sm;qk;H wnf;? ½lyu©Em¨ ukpd í
GJ okc'kuj© zpfrçI
okc'ku©ESifhpyfaom rSwfom;rIç rSwfom;rdonftm;avsmfpGm
aMumifMh upku
d rf o
I nf xif½mS ;aom tpOfjzpf\? tMum;ü 0dnmPu©E¨m 0ifcGifhr&? xdkYaMumifh aemufqkH;xm;í a[mawmfrlonf/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

103

0dnmPu©E¨mü t"dyÜg,ftusOf;
þusrf;üum; ykAÁ*Frudpöukd y"mejyKí 0dnmPu©E¨mukd
a½SUxm;aytHh/
cE¨ m 0d n mPf a qmif y k ' f 1/ axGaxGvmvm? odrIrSm? cE¨m0dnmPfrSwf/
2/ cHomç rcHom? vspfvsLrSm? a0'em[k rSwf/
3/ rSwfod vdrfrm? rarh&m? onm [lírSwf/
4/ aphaqmfaMumifhMu? pkduforQ? ocFg&[krSwf/
odrI 6-yg;/ //0dnmPu©E¨mü ]]axGaxGvmvm-odrIrSm}}
qdk onfum;1/ jrifrIac:aom odrIwpfyg;?
2/ Mum;rIac:aom odrIwpfyg;?
3/ eHrIac:aom odrIwpfyg;?
4/ vsufrIac:aom odrIwpfyg;?
5/ awGUxdrIac:aom odrIwpfyg;?
6/ txift½Sm; odvif; BuHpnfrI ac:aom odrI
tcsKyfBuD;wpfyg;-[lí 6-yg;½Sd\/
0dnmPf 6-yg;aqmifyk'f/ / jrifç Mum;ç eHç vsuf? awGUç
odcsuf? quú0dnmPfrSm/
jrifcsuçf Mum;csuçf eHcsuçf vsucf suçf awGUcsuçf odcsu[
f í
l
0dnmPquúygG ;\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD
1/
2/
3/
4/
5/
6/

104

jrifrIum; rsufpdüay:aom "mwfwnf;/
Mum;rIum; em;üay:aom "mwfwnf;/
eHrIum; ESmacgif;üay:aom "mwfwnf;/
vsufrIum; vQmüay:aom "mwfwnf;/
awGUrIum; twGif;tywpfudk,fvkH;üay:aom
"mwfwnf;/
odrIum; ESvkH;tdrfüay:aom "mwfwnf;/

odrIBuD; 6-yg;/ / xdk0dnmPquúwdkYwGif aemufqHk;jzpf
aom odrItcsKyfBuD;onfrlum;--a½Shig;csufwdkYrS qufvufjzpfyGm;aom odrIBuD;ig;yg;?
toD;tjcm; odrIBuD;wpfyg;?
[lí aygif;-ajcmufyg;½Sdjyef\/
jrifodç Mum;odç eHodçvsufodç awGYodç tvGwfod[lí
aemufqHk; todajcmufyg;½Sdjyef\ [lvdk/
xdkajcmufyg;wdkdYwGif--jrifçod 2-csuf jzpfyHk-- jrifç odESpfcsufjzpfyHkum;- xdkxdk
tqif;rsdK;wdkYESifh wdkufqdkifrdMuaomtcg opfyifudkjrifí opfyif
rSef;od&mü jrifrIum; rsufpd\qdkif&maywnf;/
odrIum; raemESvHk;\ qdkif&maywnf;/
jrifrt
I cdu
k üf xdyk *k Kd¾ vo
f nf opfyifygwum;[lí rodao;?
odrI tcdkufodkYa&mufrS xdkyk*¾dKvftm; opfyifBuD; bGm;ueJay:\?
ay:vmaom tcgrSpí xkdopfyifrSm odrIaygif;rsm;pGm us,fyGg;í

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

105

oGm;ay\? rsufESm rvGJrjcif; jrifrIç odrI txyfxyf tvnfvnf
jzpfíaeMu\? yuwd vlwo
Ykd nfum; jrifrçI odrI ESpyf g;udk jcm;em;í
rodEdkifMuukef? rdrdwkdYudk,fü jzpfBuHKíaeMuaom trIrsdK;jzpfaom
aMumifh ÓPfESifh tcsuf½Smí Munfhwwfaom ynm½SdwdkYonfum;
jcm;em;í oddjrifEkdifMuukef\
þum; jrifçod ESpfcsuf qufpyfyHkwnf;/
Mum;çod 2-csuf p onf j zpf y H k - - þenf;udk trSDjyKí
Mum;odESpfcsufç eHodESpfcsufç vsufodESpfcsufç awGUodESpfcsuf
qufpyfí jzpfyHkudk tukefodMuukef&m\/
tvGwfod-- xkdig;yg;wkdYESifhuif;í toD;tjcm; odrIBuD;
qkdonfum; jrifqJç Mum;qJç eHqJç vsufqJç awGUxdqJçtm½kHwkdYrS
tvGwfjzpfaom tm½kHrsdK;wkdYukd odrIç MuHrIBuD;aywnf;? þodrIBuD;
um; raemESv;Hk xJwiG f pJonf[k r½So
d uJo
h x
Ydk if&\? tvGeu
f supf m;
&m tm½kHe,f BuD;us,fvS\/
þum; 0dnmPu¨E¨mü tusOf;cGJjcrf;enf;wnf;/
------- Ä ------a0'emu© E ¨ m ü t"d y Ü g ,f t usOf ;
cHpm;rI 3-rsdK;/ / a0'emu©Em¨ ü- ]]cHomç rcHomç vspv
f sLrSm}}
qdkonfum;--1/
cHomrIç
2/
rcHomrIç
3/ vspfvsLrI -[lí okH;yg;½Sd\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

106

cHomrIt"dyÜg,f-- cHomrIqo
kd nfum; om,maom cHpm;rIç
aumif;onf aumif;onf[í
l cs;D rGr;f zG,af om cHpm;rIç cifrif&aom
cHpm;rI qdkvdkonf/
rcHomrIt"dyÜg,f-- rcHomrIqdkonfum; rom,maom
cHpm;rIç r aumif; raumif;[lí uJh&JhzG,faom cHpm;rIç rkef;&aom
cHpm;rI qdkvdkonf/
vspf v sLrI t "d y Ü g ,f - - vspf v sLcH p m;rI q d k o nf u m;--cHomonf rcHomonf[lí trIrpkduf avmufaomrxifr½Sm;
aom cHpm;rI qdkvdkonf/
a0'em 6-yg;/ / þa0'emu©E¨mukd avmuü--1/ rsufpdt&om cHpm;rIç
2/ em;t&om cHpm;rIç
3/ ESmacgif;t&om cHpm;rIç
4/ vQmt&om cHpm;rIç
5/ udk,ft*Fgt&om cHpm;rIç
6/ pdwfraemt&om cHpm;rIç
tm;jzifh ajcmufyg;jyKí ac:a0: Muukef\/
cyfodrf;aom vlç ewfç jA[®m owå0gtaygif;wdkYonf þ
a0'emu©E¨m [laom t&om 6-yg;wdkYü epfrGef;í aeMuukef\/
þum; a0'emu©E¨m tusOf;cGJjcrf;enf;wnf;/
------

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

107

onmu©E¨mü t"dyÜg,ftusOf;
onmu©E¨mü ]]rSwfodvdrfrm-rarh&m}}qdkonfum;--trd0rf;rS arG;zGm;onfrSpí þum; trdç þum; tzç
þum; ta½S U ç þum; taemuf p onf j zif h ol t rsm;wd k Y
ajymqd k j yKvk y f o rQwd k Y u d k rS w f í rS w f í wpf a eY w pf j cm; od
Mum;vdrfrmonfjzpfí vmMuaomtrIç awGUbl; BuHKbl;ç qufqH
bl;orQudk xif½Sm;&mXmewdkYü rarhraysmuf pJGNrJxif½Sm;íaerI
tjcif;t&mrsdK;udk onmu©E¨m qdkonf/
tvdrfrm 2-rsdK;/;/1/ rSwfodvdrfrm wpfrsdK;ç
2/ wwfov
d rd rf m wpfrsKd ;[lí ESprf sKd ;½S\
d /
rSwfodvdrfrm/
vdrrf mwnf;/

/ onm\ todtvdrfrmum; rSwfod

wwfodvdrfrm/ / ynm\ todtvdrfrmum; wwfod
vdrrf mwnf;/
t&yfa'o t½k;d trsKd ;wdEYk iS yhf if Ny;D pD;Edik af om todtvdrrf m
rsdK;onf onmESifh NyD;pD;\/
q&morm;xH oifMum;avhvm emcHrSwfom;xm;rIESifhrS
NyD;pD;aom todtvdrfrmrsdK;onfum; ynmaywnf;/ tod
tvdrfrm ESpfyg;cJGenf;/
onm 6-yg;/ / xdkonmu©E¨monf tm½kHtjym;tm;jzifh
6-yg;½S\
d /

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

108

1/ ½lyonm
2/ o'´onm
3/ *E¨onm
4/ &oonm
5/ azm|AÁonm
6/ "r®onm?
þ 6-yg;wnf;/
tm½kHudk odrI 6-yg;
6-yg;-- tqif;oP²mefrsdK;ü odrIç toHrsdK;ü
odrçI teHrY sKd ;ü odrçI t&omrsKd ;ü odrçI yx0D awaZm 0ga,m[laom
azm|AÁrsKd ;wdüYk odrçI xdik g;yg;wdrYk S <uif;aom ukov
dk "f r®ç tukov
dk f
"r®ç tAsmuw"r®wdkYü odrI[lí 6-yg; qdkvdkonf/
rsufpdt&omukd odrIç em;t&omukd odrIç ESmacgif;t&om
ukd odrIç vQmt&omukd odrIç ukd,ft*Fgt&omukd odrIç raem
t&omudk odrI[lívnf; 6-yg;jzpf\/
owå0gtaygif;wdo
Yk nf þonmESiyhf if aeYaeYnn udpt
ö cGihf
tvkH;pkHrsdK;udk odíodí vkyfBuH&Gufaqmifí aeMu& ukef\/
þum; onmu©E¨mü tusOf;cGJjcrf;enf;wnf;/
--------- Ä ---------

0dnmPfESifhonm odrItxl;
þt&mü 0dnmPu©E¨modrIESifh onmu©E¨modrIudkvnf;
cJjG crf;&m\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

109

0d n mPf o d - - 6-'Gg&ü qdkufwdkufvmaom tm½kHwdkYudk
oif;um;ajrç oif;um;a& tp½So
d nfjzifh odjrifazmfjyí oGm;rIonf
0dnmPf\ odrIwnf;? onm\ odrIr[kwf/
onmod - - 0dnmPfazmfjyí oGm;orQudk aemifrarh&
atmif rSwfrIonf onm\trIwnf;? 0dnmPf\trI r[kwf/
0dnmPfod-- 0dnmPftvdktm;jzifh a½SUokdY awGUBuHKorQudk
xifjrif odvif;í oGm;Edik &f m\? awGUBuKH Ny;D ukd jyefí wpfpw
Hk pfcu
k rdk Q
rrSwrf Ed ikd &f m/
onmod-- onmtvdt
k m;jzifh awGUBuKH b;l onfukd rSwrf \
d ?
a½SUokdY wpfpkHwpfckukdrQ odjrifrI r½Sdav&m/
þum; onmç 0dnmPf 2-yg;wdkY\ txl;wnf;/
----- Ä -----

ocFg&u©E¨mü t"dyÜg,ftusOf;
ocF g &u© E ¨ m t&aumuf - - ocFg&u©E¨mü tbd"r®menf;
tm;jzifh ocFg&u©Em¨ tygt0ifjzpfaom w&m;rsKd ;onf ig;q,f½\
dS /
okweå ef nf;tm;jzifh apwemapwoduw
f pfcu
k dk y"mejyKí
jyqd&k m\/
apwem apwodufwpfckü tedpövu©Pma&; ykdifEdkifcJhvQif
xdktvkH;pkHwdkYü ydkifEdkifawmhonf/
aphaqmfrI-- þocFg&u©E¨mü aphaqmfrIç aMumifhMupkdufrI
qdo
k nfum;-owå0gwd\
Yk pdwu
f kd rsuaf wmifwpfcwfrQ BurH pI nfru
I dk

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

110

vTwfí Nidrf0yf &yfem;vsuf aecGifhr&atmif EdI;aqmfrIç aMumifhMu
Asmyg& pkdufxlí tylwdkuf aqmfMorIaywnf;/
apwem\ trIudpö-- vGefavNyD;aom terw*¾ oHo&m
wGif tonowfbkHü jzpfcdkufudk csefvSyfí b0tqufqufudk
tukeaf jrmfav? pdww
f vIyv
f yI f pdww
f &G&G pdww
f <u<u pdww
f cscD sD
pdwfwvlvlaerIudk jrifcJhvQif apwemtrIukd odjrifvdrfhrnf?
wpfckckaom b0wGif pkwdur®Z½kyf csKyfqkH;&müvnf; rsufawmif
wpfcwfrQ &yfwefYcGifh r&rlí b0topftopfokdY ypfcsrIonf
þapwem\trIaywnf;/
apwemudk uH[k qdkjcif;-- þ apwem[laom aphaqmfrçI
aMumifhMu Asmyg&pkdufrIudk ukokdvfuH tukokdvfuH[lí qdktyf\?
um,uHç 0pDuHç raemuH[lívnf; qdktyf\/
apwem 6-yg;/ / tm½kHtjym;tm;jzifh--1/ ½lyoaOöwem
2/ o'´oaOöwem
3/ *E¨oaOöwem
4/ &ooaOöwem
5/ azm|AÁoaOöwem
6/ "r®oaOöwem [lí 6-yg;½Sd\/
½lyg½kHtwGufESifh aphaqmfrIç o'´g½kHtwGufESifh aphaqmfrI
ponfqdkav/
þum; ocFg&u©E¨mü tusOf;cGJjcrf;enf;wnf;/
-------- Ä ---------

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

111

0dnmPfajcmufjzm 0dnmPu©E¨mü tedpövu©Pm
0d n mPu© E ¨ m \
a½S U oG m ;acgif ; aqmif j zpf y k H
]]raemykAÁ*Frm "r®m? raemao|m raemr,m}} [laom
ygVdawmf jrwfEiS t
hf nD emru©Em¨ av;yg;wdYk wGif 0dnmPu©Em¨ onf
tcsKyftjcm y"me a½SUoGm;jzpf\? ½lyu©E¨mü cufrmrI yx0Donf
cyfodrf;aom ½kyfuvmyfwdkY\ trmcH {&mwnf jzpfouJhokdY
emru©Em¨ av;yg;wdüYk odr[
I al om 0dnmPu©Em¨ onf cyford ;f aom
apwoducf E¨mwd\
Yk {&mwnf jzpf\? odru
I kd rSí
D cHpm;rIç rSwo
f m;rIç
aphaqmfrI ponfwdkYonf jzpfyGg;Muukef\/
um,0d n mPf emru© E ¨ m 4-yg;\ jzpf & mXme
xdkYaMumifh emru©E¨mav;yg;wdkY\ tedpötcsufudk jyqdk&mü
0dnmPf 6-yg;udk y"mejyKí jyqdkaytHh/
0dnmPf 6-yg;wGifvnf; wpfukd,fvkH; tESHUtjym;jzpfEdkif
aom um,0d n mPf u d k ç xd k w G i f v nf ; tvG e f x if ½ S m ;aom
'ku©o[*kwf um,0dnmPfudk a½S;OD;pGm jyqdk&m\/
ajcz0g;tjyifrS txuf i,fxdyftjyifwdkifatmif twGif;
ty wpfukd,fvkH;onf um,0dnmPfESifhwuGaom emru©E¨m 4yg;wdkY\jzpf&m Xmecsnf;omwnf;/
tvGefxufvSpGmaom tyfoGm;jzifh xdk;í prf;oyfonf½Sd
aomf emwwfaomt&yf[lorQç emrIay:&mt&yf[lorQonf
xdkcE¨mav;yg;jzpf&mXme csnf;omwnf;/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

112

um,0dnmPf t"dyÜg,f
xif½mS ;atmif qdOk ;D tH-h um,0dnmPf[al om a0g[m& onf
rm*"bmomokdYvdkufí ac:aoma0g[m&wnf;? jrefrm bmom
ESifhac:rIum; wpfudk,fvkH;\ odrIukd qdkvdkonf? ajcz0g; ta&ukd
tyfoGm;jzifh xdk;vQif ajcz0g;ta&onf od\? þajcz0g;ta&\
odrIudk um,0dnmPf ac:\/
xdkYtwl--ajcacsmif;ta&wdkYonf odwwfMuukef\/
ajczaaemifha&ç ajczrdk;a&wdkYonfvnf; odwwfMuukef\/
ajcovkH;a&ç 'l;ykqpfa&ç aygifa& tp½Sdukefaom tvkH;pkH
aom ta&wdkYonfvnf; odwwfMuukef\/
udk;&maom om;wpfwdkYonfvnf; odwwfMuukef\/
udk;&maom taMumwdkYonfvnf; odwwfMuukef\/
OD;aPSmufcJç tqkwfcJç tonf;cJç ESvkH;cJç ausmufuyfcJç
tzsOf;cJç tajr§;vTmç ttlBuD;ç ttli,fwdkYonfvnf; odwwfMu
uke\
f /
þtvkH;pkHwdkY\ odrIukd um,0dnmPfac:\? þodrIwdkYü
cE¨mav;yg; tpkHyg½Sd\/

odrI 2-rsdK;
aum|mo\ od r I --- þpum;ü odrIqdkaomfvnf;
yk*¾dKvf\ odrI r[kwfao;/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

113

ta&wdkY\ odrIç tom;wdkY\ odrIç taMumwdkY\ odrIç
OD;aPSmufcJ tqkwfcJ ponfwdkY\ odrIomwnf;/
0dnmPf 6-yg;cGJcef;ü þodrIukd awGUxdrI[líom ac:&
onf? jrifoçd Mum;odç eHoçd vsuo
f çd awGUod[í
l tpkt
H pkH ½So
d nf
wGif awGUxd[laomtpkHü awGUxdrIom ½Sdao;onf/
yk*¾dKvf\ odrI-- þawGUrIudk ta&wk\
Yd odrçI tom;wk\
Yd
odrIç taMumwkdY\odrI ponfjzifh qkdcJhonfh aum|motjym;okdY
vkdufícGJrlum; -ta&\odrIç
ESvkH;\odrI 2- yg;cGJ&m\/
ta&\odrIukd awGYxdrI[k ac:\? um,0dnmPfaywnf;/
ESvkH;\ odrIukdom odrI[k ac:\? raem0dnmPfaywnf;/
yk * ¾ d K vf \ od r I u m; þES v k H ; \ od r I o k d Y a &muf r S ay:\?
þESvkH;\odrI ay:vmrSom yk*¾dKvfod od\/
þodkYvQif aum|mowkdY\odrIç yk*¾dKvf\odrI 2-yg;ukd
ukd,fawGU 'd|tm;jzifh jcm;em;íodMuukef&m\/
yk*¾dKvf\odrIü ½Sif;vif;csuf-- y&rw¬tvkdtm;jzifhum;--

-yk*¾dKvf[lír½Sd? cE¨mig;yg;om&Sd\? xkdYaMumifh yk*¾KdvfodrI rnfonf
um; ESvkH;tdrfwGif;ü raem0dnmPf jzpfay:rIomwnf;/
aum|mood r I ü ½S i f ; csuf - - xkdYtwl y&rw¬tm;jzifh
ta&[lí r½Sd? tom;[lír½Sd? taMum[lí r½Sd? OD;aESmufponf
[lír½Sd? cE¨mig;yg;om ½Sd\? xkdYaMumifh ta&paom aum|mo

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

114

wdkY\ odrIrnfonfum; xkdxdkajcz0g;a&ç ajcacsmif;a&ç ajc
zaemifha&ç ajczrkd;a& ponfwkdYü um,0dnmP"mwf\jzpf
ay:rIomwnf;/
þokv
Yd Qif avmutvkt
d m;jzifh yk*Kd¾ vpf um;ajymcJv
h Qif yk*K¾ v
d f
onf o d w wf \ ? yk * ¾ K d v f \ t*F g jzpf u k e f a om OD ; acgif ; ç ajcç
vufponfwkdYonfvnf; odwwfukef\? ta&ç tom;ç taMum
tp½Sdukefaom aum|mowkdYonfvnf; odwwfMuukef\/
yk*¾Kdvf\ odrIç ukd,ft*FgwkdY\odrIç aum|mowkdY\ odrI
toD; toD;½SdMuukef\-[k ajymqkd&m\/
odrI[lonf 0dnmPf 6-yg;\trI-- y&rw¬tvkd tm;jzifh
rlum;-xkd tvkH;pkHukd y,f½Sm;í jrifrI-odrIç Mum;rI-odrIç eHrI-odrIç
vsufrI-odrIç awGUrI-odrIç axGaxGvmvm BuHrI-odrI[laom
tvkH;pkHaomodrI [lorQonf xkdxkdukd,ft*Fgç xkdxdkaum|mo
t&yfwkdYü taMumif;qkdufwkdufvm&m jzpfay:Muaom 0dnmPf
6-yg;\trI oufoufomwnf;[k ajymqkd&m\/
emru©E¨m 4-yg;\trI xif½Sm;ykH-- opfyifç wkH;ç wkdif
paom A[d'¨ oEÅmefwkdYüum; þuJhokdYaom odrIr½Sd? odrIr½Sdaom
aMumifv
h nf; cHomrIç rcHomrIr½S?d rSwo
f m;rIr½S?d um,uHrçI 0pDurH çI
raemuHrI r½S?d A[d'o
¨ EÅmefEiS hf ,SOzf ufíajymrlum; emru©Em¨ 4yg;\trI toD;tjcm; xif½Sm;ay:avawmhonf/
ajymykHum;- opfyifukd ckwfjzwfcJhaomf jywfrIom½Sd\? odç
emrIç rSwrf çI pdwv
f yI ½f mS ;rI[í
l r½S?d ajcç vuft*Fgukd ckwjf zwfcahJ omf

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

115

jywfrIvnf;½Sd\/ xkdajcç vuft*FgwkdY\ odrIç emrIç rSwfrIç
pdwfvIyf½Sm;rIwkdYonfvnf; ½Sdukef\/ þtykdtrkdrIwkdYukd emru©E¨m
qkdonf[k ajymjyav/
tawG U txd 2-yg;txl ; -- jrefrmwkdYtac:ü um,
0dnmPfukd ]]tawGY txd}}[líac:onf/ ]]tawGYtxd}} [l&mü
vnf; ½kyfcE¨mcsif; ckdufawGYqJü jzpfay:aom odrIukd tawGY[lí
ac:onf/
½kyfcE¨mcsif; ckdufxdqJü jzpfay:aom odrIukdtxd[k ac:
onf/
½kycf E¨mcsi;f awGrY I xdrEI iS hf þum,0dnmPfac:aom awGrY I
xdrI axG;vkH;íaeMu\/ awGUrI xdrI2-rsdK;uGJatmif cJGjcrf;Muav?
awGUrIESifh xdrIum; twlwlyif/

'ku©o[*kwf um,0dnmPf emru©E¨m 4-yg;jzpfykH
jrefrmwkdYtac:ü um,0dnmPfESifhtwl jzpfay:aom
'ku©a0'emukdanmif;onfç nmonf[líac:\/
emonfç usifonf[líac:\/
,m;onfç ,Honf[líac:\/
xkHonfç usifonf[líac:\/
ukdufonfç cJonf[líac:\/
atmifhonfç tifhonfç eifhonfç pl;onf[lí ac:\/
armonfí yef;onf[líac:\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

116

EGrf;onfç e,fonf[líac:\/
ylonfç at;onf[líac:\/
þtac:pkonf ½kyfylç ½kyfat;ESifh axG;vsuf ½Sd\? ½kyfylç
½kyfat; xdírcHomonfukd ylonfç at;onf [kac:\? þokdY
ponfjzifh rcHom rI[al om 'kua© 0'emu©Em¨ onf jrefrmwkt
Yd ac:ü
tvGefrsm;jym;\? xkdtvkH;pkHaom anmif;rIç nmrIç usifrI tp½Sd
onfwu
Ydk dk tbd"r®mü 'kua© 0'em[k a[mawmfr\
l / a0'emu©Em¨
csnf;awGaywnf;/
xkdum,0dnmPfESifhtwljzpfay:vmaom onmu©E¨mç
apwem[laom ocFg&u©E¨mwkdYukdvnf; a½S;üjyqkdcJhNyD;aom
cGJjcrf;enf;ukd tpOfrSD;í odMuavukef/

or®m'd|dESifh rdpäm'd|djcm;em;csuf
½kyfç emrfcGJykH-- ,cktcg rdpäm'd|d tjrifESifh or®m'd|dtjrif
2-yg;ukd jcm;em;í jyqkdaytHh/
ajcz0g;tjyifü ajrç a&ç tkwfç ausmufç ql;ajimifhç
cvkwpf onfxí
d odrçI emrI jzpfay:vmaomtcgü ajcz0g;ta&
ay: ta&twGi;f wküYd emru©Em¨ 4-yg;jzpfay:\? ajcz0g;ta&um;
½lyu©E¨mwnf;? odrIç emrIwkdYum; emru©E¨mwkdYwnf;/
½lyu©Em¨ ESihf emru©Em¨ wko
Yd nf 0dy,
Ü w
k yå pön;f ypö,yk eÜ jf zpfMu
ukeí
f yde;f Mumzuf tjyifü usa&muf wifaeaom rk;d a&aygufonf
yde;f MumzufEiS hf a&maESmjcif;r½So
d uJo
h Ykd ½kyçf emrf 2-yg; a&maESmjcif;
r½SdMuukef ta&ü cufrmrIç zGJYap;rIç ylrIç at;rIç awmifhwif;rIç

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

117

tqif;rIç teHçY t&omrIpk qkt
d yfuek af om ½kycf E¨mrIwu
Ydk m; wpfjcm;ç
xkdodrIç emrIpaom emru©E¨mrIwkdYum; wpfjcm;wkdYomwnf;/
rd p ä m 'd | d o d - - xkdokdYjzpf&mü ½kyfcE¨mç emrfcE¨mjcm;em;jcif;
r½Sdrlí ajcz0g;emonf[k odonfum; 'd|dodwnf;/
or® m 'd | d ÓPf o d - - ajcz0g;[lí pifppftm;jzifh r½Sd?
½kyfcE¨mpkvnf; odwwf emwwfonf r[kwf? xkd odrIç emrIum;
pifppftm;jzifh emrfcE¨mpkaywnf;-[k odonfum; ÓPfod
aywnf;/
ed p ö o d E S i f h ted p ö o d - - xkdtod 2-yg;wkdYwGif ajcz0g;em
onf[k odjcif;um; ½kycf E¨mç emrfEm¨ wku
Yd dk edp[
ö í
l odjcif;ç okc[lí
odjcif;ç twå [líodjcif;wnf;/
ajcz0g;[lí r½Sd? ½kyfcE¨m emrfcE¨mwkdYom ½Sdukef\? xkdwGif
cufrmrIç zGJYap;rIpaom ½kyfcE¨mwkdYonf odrIç emrIr[kwf? odwwf
onfç emwwfonf r[kwf? odrIum; 0dnmPu©E¨maywnf;?
emrIum; a0'emu©Em¨ aywnf;? trSwx
f m;rIvnf;yg\? onmu©Em¨
aywnf;? a>rqdyw
f ufouJo
h Ykd emrI w½G½G ½Sad eonfum; ocFg&u©Em¨
apwemaywnf;[k odonfum; tedpöodç 'ku©odç tewåoday
wnf;/
edpöod ponfü ½Sif;csuf-- ajcz0g;emonf[k odrIonf
tb,fodkYvQif edpöodç okcodç twåod jzpfav oenf;[lrlum;-

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

118

ajcz0g;rnfonf y&rw¬tm;jzifh t[kw½f dS {uef½rdS sKd ; r[kw?f
0dnmPf\ vSnfhywfrIESifh pdwfxJwGif xifjrif&aom edrdwå"r®
rsKd ;jzpfí toufwpf&maeí vlaoonfw
h idk af omif rysuaf o;rlí
okomefü rD;½IdUrIç ajrjrKyfrIwkdYjzifh wrifazsmufzsuf ypf&aom
edpörsdK;omwnf;? yk*¾dKvfowå0grsdK;omwnf;/
ed p ö o d - - xkdYaMumifh ajcz0g;emonf[lí odjcif;onf
cufrmrIç emrIpaom xdk½kyfcE¨mç emrfcE¨mwkdYukd edpö[kodjcif; jzpf
avownf;? emrIukd edpö[k r,laomfvnf; ajcz0g;jyKí ,ljcif;
aMumifh edpö,l edpöod jzpfavonf/
okcod-- edpö[lonf owå0gwdkY om,mbG,faom okcrsdK;
jzpf\? xdkYaMumifh okcodjzpfavownf;/
twåod-- edp[
ö o
l nf twåom&rsKd ;jzpf\? xdaYk Mumifh twåod
jzpfavownf;/
tedpöponfü ½Sif;vif;csuf-- aemufykpämüum;-cufrmrI
paom ½kyfcE¨mç emrI[laom emrfcE¨mwkdYonf tedpörsKd; omwnf;?
cufrmrIponfwo
Ykd nf tvIyt
f ½Sm;yif rcHuek ?f wpfem&D tzkrYd mS yif
tcgrsm;pGm uG,fqkH; ajymif;vJEdkifMuukef\? emrIonfvnf;
cPcsif;yif csKyfaysmufEdkif\? xkdYaMumifh ½kyfcE¨mç emrfcE¨m[lí
odjcif;onf tedpöod jzpf\/
'ku©tod-- tedpö[lonf r&P"r®rsdK;jzpf\? trsdK;tm;jzifh
owå0gwkdY tvGefaMumufvefYMu&aom aoab;rsdK; pifppfjzpf\?
xkdYaMumifh 'ku©odjzpf\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

119

tewå t od - - tedpö[lonf tESpfom&\qefYusifzuf
jzpf\? xkdyk*¾dKvfwpfouf wnfaeEdkifaom yk*¾dKvf\ trmcH
tESpfom&twårsdK; r[kwf? ab;b,rsdK;ç 'ku©rsdK;[lonf owå0g
wk\
Yd tvkEd iS hf qefu
Y sizf ufrsKd ;omwnf;? xkaYd Mumifh ½kycf E¨mç emrfcE¨m
[lí odjcif;onf tewåodjzpf\/
r&P 2-yg;
2-yg;-- þpum;ü tedp[
ö o
l nf r&P"r®rsKd ;jzpf\?
trsKd ; tm;jzifh owå0gwkYd tvGeaf MumufvefMY u&aom aoab;rsKd ;
pifppf jzpf\[l&mü--cPdur&P-- ½kyfcE¨mç emrfcE¨mwkdY\ cPrpJ csKyfysufrI
[laom cPdur&Pwpfyg;?
oEÅwdr&P-- 0dyóema,m*Dyk*¾dKvfwdkY tjrif½IMu&aom
oEÅwd r&Pwpfyg;?
þr&P 2-yg;wkdYonfvnf; owå0gwkdYrSm tvGefaMumuf
vefYMu&aom aoab;rsdK; trSefpifppfjzpfukef\? okdYaomfvnf;
b0qkH;rIBuD; r[kwfao;í aoab;rsdK;[líyif rxifEdkifMuukef/
Zmwd E S i f h r&P-- xd k r S w pf y g; yk * ¾ d K vf o wå 0 grsd K ;wG i f
tygt0if jzpfaom ajcz0g;ukd y,f½mS ;í ½kycf E¨mç emrfcE¨mjcm;em;í
jrifrIüum; £&d,mykxf wpfckwpfcktwGif;rSmyif topftopf
trsKd ;rsKd ; jzpfay:rI[al om Zmwd"r®ç O',"r®uv
dk nf; odjrifEikd o
f nf?
yk*¾dKvf\&Sifjcif;ç yk*¾dKvf\ aojcif;[líyif r½Sd? "mwfwdkY\jzpfjcif;ç
"mwfw\
Ykd ysujf cif;ç "mwfw\
Ykd ½Sijf cif;ç "mwfw\
Ykd aojcif;onfom

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

120

trSef½Sdonf[k jrifEdkifavawmhonf/
þajcz0g;ü emusifrIüvnf; yuwdvlwdkYtm;yifvQif
,ckwGifa&GU jzpfay:vmonf? ,ckyif temtusif aysmufayNyD[k
ajymqdo
k jd rif xif½mS ;\? ½kycf E¨mç emrfcE¨m[k jcm;em;í odrrI ½SMd u
onfhtwGufaMumifh jzpf ay:rIukdvnf; Zmwd"r®BuD;[lí rodMu
ukef? temtusifaysmufrIukdvnf; r&P"r®BuD;[lí rodMuukef/
'k u © c sKyf r I o nf ok c [k w f ç r[k w f ½S i f ; csuf
apm'em&ef½Sd\? emrIusifrI rnfonf 'ku©omwnf;? 'ku©\
csKyfaysmufjcif;onfum; owå0gwdkY tvGeftvdk½SdMuç om,m
awmifhwMu&aom £|rsdK;ç okcrsdK;pifppfwnf;? xdkYaMumifh r&P
"r®rsKd ;yif jzpfaomfvnf; 'kur© sKd ;r[kw?f okcrsKd ;omwnf;? aMumuf
zG,fç vefYzG,frsdK;vnf;r[kwf? ESpfouf jrwfEdk;zG,fomwnf;[lí
qd&k ef½\
dS /
csKyf a ysmuf a paom r&Poabm
þr&P"r®BuD;onf 'ku©a0'emrsdK;ukdom csKyfaysmufap
wwfonf? okca0'emrsKd ;uku
d m; tEÅ&m,f rjyKwwf[k jcm;em;csu½f dS
cJv
h Qif qdo
k ifah y\? xdo
k u
Ydk m; r[kw?f okca0'em ay:vmvQiv
f nf;
twGifcsKyfaysmufap\? 'ku©a0'emay:vmvQifvnf; twGifcsKyf
aysmufap\? b,f½yk f b,femrf wpfcu
k rdk Qrcsef twGicf sKyaf ysmuf
ap\? xdkYaMumifh 'ku©a0'emukd csKyfaysmufapaomtcgüvnf;
xdkr&P"r®BuD;onf aMumufvefYzG,faom ab;BuD;rsdK;om jzpf\?
tuRrf;0ifzG,fç om,mzG,faom okcrsdK; r[kwf/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

121

avmif r D ; tvm; r&Pw&m;
Oyrmum;-rD;onf raumif;aomtrdIufudkom avmif
wwfonf? aumif;rGeaf om 0w¦K b@mç tdy&f mç bkçH eef;ç jymom'fç
owå0g yk*Kd¾ vw
f u
Ykd kd ravmifwwf[k jcm;em;csuf r½S?d rdrEd iS hf xdpyf
orQudk tukef avmifwwf\? xdaYk Mumifh trdu
I u
f adk vmifíaeaom
tcgüvnf; xdrk ;D onf aMumufvefzY ,
G af om ab;rsKd ; &eforl sKd ;om
wnf;? rdrdukd,fü tcsrf;ukd y,fazsmufí aeqJtcgç csufrI
jyKwfrIwdkYjzifh aus;Zl;Oyum&jyKí aeqJtcgüvnf; aMumufvefY
zG,af om ab;rsKd ; &eforl sKd ;wdo
Yk mwnf;? þ Oyrmtwdik ;f odjrifav/
tyg,fbo
Hk m;wdt
Yk m; ok*wdb0okYd ajymif;vmcGirhf &atmif
jyKrIonfvnf; olUtwwfyif? vlç ewfç jA[®mwdkYudk ok*wdbkHrS
twGio
f wfí csro
I nfvnf; olUtwwfyif? vGecf NhJ y;D aom oHo&mü
**FgoJrQru yGiahf wmfrMl uukeaf om avmuok;H yg;wd\
Yk ud;k uG,&f m
jzpfawmfrlMuayukefaom jrwfpGmbk&m;wdkYudk tukefuG,fqkH;í
ukef&atmif jyKrIonfvnf; olUtwwfyif? ork'´&moJrQru
yGifhawmfrlMuukefaom yapöuAk'¨g t&d,mom0uwdkYudkvnf;
tukefuG,fqkH;í ukefatmifjyKrIonfvnf; olUtwwfyif? teEÅ
pMu0Vm vlewfjA[®m ouf½SdoufrJh cE¨mwdkYonf urÇmajrBuD;
ESifhwuG tqufqufuG,fqkH;í ukefcJhonfvnf; olUtwwfyif/
,ck wnf ½ S d q J j zpf a om teEÅ p Mu0Vm ouf ½ S d o uf r J h
cE¨mwdkYonfvnf; urÇmajrBuD;ESifhwuG tukefuG,fqkH;Mu&ukef
vwåHU? aemufterw*¾ oHo&mü ay:vmorQukefaom ouf½Sd
oufrchJ E¨mwdo
Yk nfvnf; urÇm ajrBu;D ESiw
hf uG tukeu
f ,
G q
f ;Hk Mu&

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

122

ukev
f wåUH /
þum; ajcz0g;tjyifü usifemrI[kqdktyfaom emrfcE¨m\
csKyf aysmufr[
I al om r&P"mwfBu;D \twwfukd ESpYH yfpmG ajrmfjrifMu
&ef tcsufwnf;/

½kyfürSDwG,fí emrfjzpfykHtxl;
ajcz0g;wpfjyifvkH;ü wpfNydKifeuf wpfcsufwnf; xdcdkufrI
½SdcJhonf ½Sdaomf þemru©E¨m av;yg;wdkYonf ajcz0g;wpfjyifvkH;ü
jzpfay:Muukef\/
xdcdkufrI'Pfcsufonf tom;wGif;odkY wpfopf ESpfopf
ponfjzifh pl;0ifcJhonf½Sdaomf ajcz0g; tom;wGif;ü wpfopfESpf
opfponfjzifh tESHYtjym;jzpfay:ukef\/
xdckdufrI'Pfcsufonf ajcz0g;tjyifrS txufajczrkd;odkY
aygufa&muf onf½adS omf emru©Em¨ wko
Yd nf ajcz0g; ajczrd;k twGi;f
tjyif ajcwpfckvkH; tESHYtjym; wpfNydKifeuf tjynfhjzpfay:í 'Pf
rausorQumvywfvkH; wpfem&D ESpfem&Dponfjzifh wzGm;zGm;jzpf
ay:í aeukef\? 'Pfajy aysmufrSyif csKyfaysmufMuukef\? udk,f
awGY 'd|wkdYcsnf;omwnf;/
a0'em jzpfay:rI-- a0'emjzpfay:rIü zóypö,m a0'em
[laom y#dpöorkyÜg'f a'oemawmfESifhtnD 'Pfcsuf\ xdckdufrI
[laom zóonfom yrmPaywnf;? zójzpfay:vQif a0'em
jzpfay:jrJ? zó ESHYjym;orQ a0'em ESHYjym;\? zócsKyf aysmufvQif

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

123

a0'em csKyfaysmuf\? twGif;ty wpfckvkH; 'PfxdorQ zójzpf
ay:í ajcwpfckvkH; a0'emawG tESYHtjym; jzpfay:í aeMuukef
aomfvnf; ½kyEf iS ehf mrfonf 0dy,
Ü w
k å jzpfMuaomaMumifh a&m,Suf
NidwG,fjcif; r½SdMuukef/
a&ES i f h r D ; a&mif ra&m,S u f o nf h t vm;
½k y f e mrf w &m;
nOfhtcgü xGef;tyfaom rD;a&mifwdkYonf a&cGuf twGif;ü
½Sdaom MunfvifvSpGmaom a&twGif;ü tukefvkH; tESHYtjym;
jzpfay:Muukefaomfvnf; a&ESifha&m,Suf NidwG,fjcif; r½Sdukef
ouho
J w
Ykd nf;/
a&m,SuNf iw
d ,
G jf cif; r½SMd uyku
H m;-- xGe;f tyfaom rD;awmuf
jzpfay:vQif a&cGuw
f pfcv
k ;Hk ü rD;a&mifwYkd jzpfay:uke\
f ? rD;awmuf
aoaysmufchJvQif a&cGuftwGif;½Sd rD;a&mifwdkYonf wpfNydKifeuf
aysmufuG,fukef\? avcwfí rD;awmufvIyf½Sm;chJvQif a&ü
rD;a&mifwdkYonf vIyf½Sm;ukef\? a&onfrlum; rD;a&mifwdkY\
jzpfay:rIaMumifhvnf; taerysuf? rD;a&mifwdkY\ vIyf½Sm;rI
aMumifv
h nf; vIy½f mS ;jcif;r½S?d rD;a&mifw\
Ykd aysmufu,
G rf I ukecf ef;rI
aMumifhvnf; taerysuf? þum; a&ESifh rD;a&mif 0dyÜ,kwå
jzpfMuykw
H nf;/
a&ESihf a&üxifaom vl&yd çf rSeEf iS rhf eS üf xifaom rsuEf mS &dyf
ponfwdkYvnf; 0dyÜ,kwårsdK;wdkYyifwnf;/
xdkYtwl emrI[laom emru©E¨m 4-yg;wdkYonf ajcwpfckvkH;
tESt
YH jym; twGi;f tjyif jzpfay:í wpf&ufç ESp&f ufponf 'Pfxrd I

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

124

zó rajy raysmuforQ umvywfvkH; jzpfay:íaeMuukef
aomfvnf; 0dyÜ,kwåypönf; ypö,kyÜefcsif; jzpfMuukefí ajc[laom
½lyu©E¨mESifh a&m,SufNidwG,fjcif; r½SdMuukef/
zójzpf a y:rI - - zójzpfay:rIüvnf; ]]oVm,we
ypö,m zaóm}} [lí a[mawmfr\
l ? þum,0dnmPf emru©Em¨
t&mü um,m,weESifh azm|AÁm,we 2-yg;wdkY xdcdkufrI
'Pfcsuf½Sd&mü um,oræójzpfay:NrJwnf;? um,oræó
jzpfay:&mü þemrI[laom um,oræóZm a0'em jzpfay:jrJ
wnf;/
um,m,we-- um,m,weqdkonfum; twGif;ty
jzpfaom ajcwpfckvkH;ü wnf½Sdaeaom um,yom'½kyf tMunf
aywnf;/
azm|AÁm,we
,we/ /azm|AÁm,weqdkonfum;-1/ cufrmrIç El;nHhrI[laom yx0Dwpfyg;?
2/ ylrIç at;rI [laom awaZmwpfyg;?
3/ x<uvIyf½Sm;rI[laom 0ga,mwpfyg;?
þ"mwfBuD; 3-yg;udk azm|AÁm,we qdkownf;/
azm|AÁ 6-yg;
6-yg;/ / xdk"mwfBuD; 3-yg;onfvnf;--ajcovkH;ü ½Sdaeaom twGif;azm|AÁBuD; 3-yg;/
Murf;tjyifç ajceif;ysOf tjyifpaom tyoEÅmefü ½Sad eaom
ty azm|AÁBuD; 3-yg;[lí 6-yg;½Sd\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

125

½k y f e mrf ra&m,S u f j cif ; ud k Oyrmjzif h jyjcif ;
ty azm|AÁ 3-yg;onf ajcz0g; ta& ay:rSm½Sdaom
um,m,weüom xd cdu
k Ef ikd \
f ? ta&ay:rSm xdcu
kd o
f nf ½Sad omf
xdcu
kd rf 'I Pf[ek af Mumifh twGi;f azm|AÁwEYkd iS hf twGi;f um,m,we
wdkYonf tcsif;csif; oGufoGufcg xdcdkufMuavukef\/
ajcz0g;ta&ay:ü aygavmay:½Sad om zów&m;ç a0'em
w&m; wdkYonfum; tyazm|AÁwdkY\ xdckdufrI'PfcsufaMumifh
jzpfay:Muukef\/
ta&\twGif; ajcwpfckvkH;ü ay:½Sdaom zów&m;ç
a0'emw&m;wdkYonfrlum; twGif;azm|AÁwdkYESifh twGif;um,
yom'wdkY\ xdcdkufrI 'PfcsufaMumifh jzpfay:Muukef\/
þt&mrsdK;ü ]]oVm,weypö,m zaóm? zóypö,m
a0'em}} [laom y#dpo
ö rkygÜ 'ftcsuBf u;D udv
k nf;aumif;ç ]]0dy,
Ü w
k å
ypöa,m}}[laom y|mef;tcsufBuD;udkvnf;aumif; uodkPf;uGuf
toGif xifjrifMuukef&m\/
a&ü rD;a&mifwdkY\ jzpfay:rI wnfaerI csKyfuG,frIwdkYonf
a&ESihf a&m,Sujf cif; r½SMd uukeo
f uho
J v
Ykd nf;aumif;? a&üxifaom
rsufESm&dyfç rSefüxifaom rsufESm&dyfwdkY\ jzpfay:rIç wnfaerIç
csKyfuG,frIwdkYonf a&ç rSefwdkYESifh a&m,Sufjcif; r½SdukefouJhodkY
vnf;aumif; ajcü jzpfay:aom emru©E¨m 4-yg;wdkY\ jzpfay:rIç
wnfaerIç csKyfao aysmufuG,frIwdkYonfvnf; ½lyu©E¨mESihf a&m
,Sufjcif; r½SdMuukef/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

126

]]oVm,weypö,m zaóm? zóypö,m a0'em}} [laom
ygVdawmfwpf&yf? ]]0dyÜ,kwåypöa,m}} [laom ygVdawmfwpf&yf?
þygVdawmf ESpf&yfudk pdwfütjrJpGJxm;Muavukef/
emrI[al om a0'emxif½mS ;&mü odr[
I al om 0dnmPfonf
rxif ½Sm;vSNyD/
zójzpfay:rIüum;--1/ um,m,we wpfyg;?
2/ azm|AÁm,we wpfyg;?
3/ um,0dnmPf[laom rem,we wpfyg;?
þ tm,weokH;yg; aygif;qkHvkH;axG;rIaMumifh um,
oræójzpf ay:\? um,oræó jzpfay:rIaMumifh um,oræóZm
'ku©a0'em [laom emusifrI jzpfay:\/
]]um,Oö y#dpö azm|aAÁp OyÜZÆwd um,0dnmPH?
wdPÖHo*Fwd zaóm? zóypö,m a0'em}}
[laom y#dpöorkyÜg'f ygVdawmftcsufudk ajrmfav/
um,Íö=um,yom' ½kyfudkvnf;aumif;? azm|aAÁp=
tZÑwåç A[d'¨ azm|AÁ"mwfBuD;wdkYudkvnf;aumif;? y#dpö=tpGJjyKí?
um,0dnmPH=um, 0dnmPfonf? OyÜZÆwd=jzpfay:\/
wdPÖH=um,ç azm|AÁç um,0dnmPf[laom tm,we
3-yg;wdkY\? o*Fwd=aygif;axG;rIonf? zaóm=zó rnf\/
zóypö,m=zó[laom taMumif;aMumifh? a0'em=emrIç
usifrI paom a0'emw&m;onf? orÇ0wd=jzpfay:\/ (þum;
teuf/)

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

127

um,0d n mPf - - um,0dnmPfqdkonfum;--- vlwdkY
pGJvrf;csuf tvdktm;jzifh xdkudk,ft*FgwdkY\ odrIwnf;? ta&
wdkY\odrIç tom;wdkY\odrIç taMumwdkY\odrIç t½dk;wdkY\odrI
ponfwnf;? ajcemonf ajcusifonf ajcanmif;onf vufem
onf vufusifonf vufanmif;onf acgif;udkufonf acgif;cJ
onf rsufpdemonf em;emonf vQmemonf oGm;emonf oGm;
udkufonf ar;½dk;udkufonf vnfacsmif; emonf yckH;emonf
&ifbwfemonf tp½SdonfwdkYudk qdkownf;/
um,0d n mPf o d E S i f h r aem0d n mPf o d
tjyif;txef zsm;em&mü twGif;ty wpfudk,fvkH;yif
'ku©o[*kwf emru©E¨m 4-yg;wdkYjzifh jynfhouhJodkY½Sd\? tzsm;us
Nidrf;í oGm;jyefvQif tukefvkH; csKyfuG,fMuavukef\? þum,
0dnmPf odrIonfum; avmuüodrI[lí rxif½Sm;? ajcemonf
ajcusif o nf ajcanmif ; onf vuf e monf vuf u sif o nf
vufanmif;onf tp½So
d nfwüYkd yg0ifíae\? ajconf wpfpw
Hk pfck
xdcdkufvmvQif emwwf\ usifwwf\[líum; odMuukef\?
xdcdkufonfudk ajcodwwf\[k rxifMuukef? raemESvkH;uom
odwwfonf[k xifíaeMuukef\/
tb,fhaMumifhenf;qkdaomf raemESvkH;odjzpfay:rSom
yk*¾dKvfod ay:avaomaMumifhwnf;? ajcz0g;ü xdckdufrIonf
raemESvkH;wkdifatmif ckdufjrJwnf;? tckduf ESpfcsufjzpf\? ajcodç
raemESvkH;od[lí todESpfcsuf jzpf\? ajcodukd um,0dnmPf

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

128

ac:onf? raemESv;Hk odudk raem0dnmPf ac:onf? a½So
h mG ; aemuf
vkduf 2-yg;tpkHwnf;/
yk*¾dKvfod-- xkdwGif aemufüjzpfaom raemESvkH;od ay:
vmrS ig\ajcüxdonf[k yk*¾dKvfod ay:vmonf? yk*¾dKvf odukdom
avmuü tod[k rSwfxifMuonf [lvkd/
þum; ukd,f\odrIç ajcvufpaom ukd,ft*FgwkdY\odrIç
ta&paom aum|mowkdY\odrI[k qkdtyfaomum,0dnmPf
onf y&rw¬"r®wkdYwGif tvGefxif½Sm;aom 0dnmPfwpfyg;jzpfyg
vsuf avmuü vlwYdk todÓPfwiG f rxifr½Sm;½Sad eMuonfjzpfí
xif½Sm;apjcif;iSg tzefwvJvJ jyqkdvkdufonf/
{uef[kwfrSefaom y&rw¬tvkdtm;jzifhrlum; yk*¾dKvf[lí
vnf;r½Sd? yk*¾dKvf\t*Fgjzpfaom ajc[lívnf; r½Sd? cE¨mig;yg;om
trSe½f \
dS /
odrIonf0dnmPu©E¨mrsdK;;-- odrI[lorQonf ½lyu©E¨mrsdL;
r[kw?f 0dnmPu©Em¨ rsKd ;omjzpf\? ajcponfwüYdk tcku
d t
f wku
d ½f dS
&mrS jzpf a y:\? xk d o d r I j zpf a y:&mwk d i f ; rS m a0'emu© c E¨ m ç
onmu©Em¨ ç ocFg&u©Em¨ wko
Yd nfvnf; vu©PmruGJ tjrjJ zpfay:Mu
uke\
f /
þum,0dnmPf emru©E¨m 4-yg;wkdYonf wpfukd,fvkH;rSm
b,fae&mü tNrJJ½SdaeMuonf[lí r½SdMuukef? twGif;azm|AÁç
tyazm|AÁwkdYxdckduf&m xdckduf&m twGif;ty ukd,ft*FgwkdYü
cPcPjzpfay:Muuke\
f ? xdcu
dk rf aI ysmufvQif cPcP csKyaf ysmuf

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

129

Muuke\
f /
avmuüvnf; b,fae&mu ,ckanmif;í vmonf?
tanmif; aysmufNy?D emívmonfç temaysmufNy?D uku
d cf í
J xkí
H
usií
f vmonf tuku
d af ysmufNy?D txkaH ysmufNy?D tusiaf ysmufNy?D
b,fae&mu ylívmonf? aEG;ívmonf? at;ívmonf
csrf;ívmonf? tylaysmufNyD? taEG;aysmufNyD? tat;aysmufNyD?
tcsrf;aysmufNyD ponfjzifhjzpfay:rI csKyfaysmufrI tm*EåK tjcif;
t&monf odjrifxif½Sm;vsufjzpf\? emru©E¨mBuD; 4-yg;wkdY\
trI[líom rodMuukefonf/
pdwf\vSnfhpm;ykH-- xkdokdY rodMuukefonfhtwGufaMumifh
½kyf cE¨mç emrfcE¨m ruJGMuukefonfjzpfí rsufvSnfhonf 0dnmPf
vSnphf m;rI vSv&S ojzifh yk*K¾ v
d [
f í
l ç owå0g[líç yk*K¾ v
d \
f t*Fg[líç
emwwfonf usiw
f wfonf? emrSe;f odw
d wfonf? usirf eS ;f odwwf
onf[líç ajcukdyif touf½Sdonf[líç t½Sif[líç vufukdyif
touf½o
dS nf[í
l t½Si[
f í
l ç xkx
d t
kd *Fgukyd if touf½o
dS nf[í
l
t½Sif[lí r[kwfrrSef azmufjyef pGJvef;í aeMuukef\/
tvGefcufcJ eufeJvSaom t&mjzpfí aumif;pGmxif½Sm;
atmif tenf;enf; azmfjyvku
d o
f nf? tzefwvJv[
J k tjypfrwif
Muukev
f if/h
þum; ajct*Fgü emru©E¨m 4-yg;ukd azmfjycef;wnf;/
------- Ä -------

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

130

ajcusOf;0wfponfü emru©E¨m 4-yg; jzpfysufrI
þodkYvQif ajct*Fgü azmfjycef;twkdif; ajcusif;0wft*Fg
ta&ay: ta&wGif; tom;ay: tom;wGif; taMumay:
taMumwGif; t½kd;ay: t½kd;wGif;üvnf;aumif;ç
ajcovkH;t*Fg 'l;ykqpft*Fg aygift*Fg cg;t*Fg 0rf;t*Fg
ta&ay: ta&wGif; tom;ay: tom;wGif; ta&ay: taMum
ay: taMumwGif; t½kd;ay: t½kd;wGif; ttlay: ttlwGif;wkdYü
vnf;aumif;ç
&ift*Fg ausmufuek ;f t*Fg ta&ay: ta&wGi;f tom;ay:
tom;wGif; taMumay: taMumwGif; t½kd;ay: t½kd;wGif;
tonf;ay: tonf;wGif; tqkwfay: tqkwfwGif; ESvkH;ay:
ESvkH;wGif;wkdYüvnf;aumif;ç
vnfyif;t*Fg OD;acgif;t*Fg OD;aESmuft*Fg rsufvkH;t*Fg
em;t*Fg ESmacgif;t*Fg cHwGif;t*Fg vQmt*Fg ta&ay: ta&wGif;
tom;ay: tom;wGif; taMumay: taMumwGif; t½kd;ay:
t½kd;wGif;wkdYüvnf;aumif;ç
vuf½kH;t*Fg vufarmif;t*Fg ta&ay: ta&wGif; tom;
ay: tom;wGi;f taMumay: taMumwGi;f t½k;d ay: t½k;d wGi;f wküYd
vnf;aumif; anmif;rI nmrIç emrI eifhrIç xkHrI usifrIç ukdufrIcJrIç
yifrI yef;rI EGr;f rIç ylrI at;rI tp½Sad om tvk;H pkaH om 'kuo
© [*kwf
emru©E¨m 4-yg;wkdY\ jzpfay:rI csKyfaysmufaoqkH;rIwkdYukd odMu
avukef/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

131

þwGifa½GUum; wpfukd,fvkH;ü 'ku©o[*kwf um,0dnmPf
emru©E¨m 4-yg;wkdYukd azmfjycef;NyD;\/
------ Ä ------

okco[*kwf um,0dnmPf
emru©E¨m 4-yg;ukdjyqkdcef;
,cktcg okco[*kwfum,0dnmPf emru©E¨m 4-yg;ukdjy
qkdaytHhajcz0g;ü ½k y f emrf c J G y k H - - ylvSwkef;tcgü at;jrvSpGm
aom a&\ xdjcif; csrf;at;aomtcgü ylaEG;aom rD;½Sdef\
xdjcif;wkdYjzifh ajcz0g;tjyifü cHí aumif;vSpGmaom okca0'em
ESifhwuG emru©E¨m 4-yg;jzpf ay:\/
ajcz0g;ta&ü½Sad om cufrmrI ponfwu
Ydk m; ½lyu©Em¨ wnf;/
odrI cHíaumif;rIwkdYum; emru©E¨mwkdYwnf;/
½lyu©E¨mESifh emru©E¨mwkdYonf 0dyÜ,kwåypönf;ç ypö,kyÜef
jzpfMuuke\
f /
ydef;Mumzuftjyifü usa&mufwifaeukefaom rdk;a&ayguf
onf ydef;MumzufESifh a&maESmjcif; r½SdouJhodkY ½kyfemrfESpfyg;
a&maESmjcif; r½SdMuukef? ta&ü cufrmzJGUap;rI at;rI aEG;rI
awmifw
h if;rI tqif;teHY t&omwdu
Yk m; wpfjcm;ç odrI cHíaumif;rI
wdkYum; wpfjcm;wdkYomwnf;/
'd | d o--d - xdkodkYjzpf&mü ½kyf"r®udk rodMuukefaom Amv
ykxkZOfwdkYonfum; ajcz0g;aEG;onf ajcz0g; at;onf[k odMu

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

132

ukef\? þodkY odjcif;um; 'd|dodaywnf;/
ÓPfod-- ynm½SdwdkYonfum; pifppftm;jzifh ajcz0g;[lí
r½Sd? ½kyfç emrfcE¨mwdkYom ½Sdukef\? xdkwGif ½kyfcE¨mwdkYodjcif; udpö
r½SMd uuke?f xdo
k jd cif;ç cHíaumif;jcif;wdu
Yk m; emrfcE¨mwdo
Yk mwnf;[k
odMuukef\? þodkYodjcif;um; ÓPfodaywnf;/
ynm½SdwkdY\ odrI 2-rsdK;/ /ynm½SdwdkY\ odrIüvnf;1/ okwr,ÓPfod?
2/ pdEÅmr,ÓPfod-[lí 2-yg;½Sd\/
ok w r,ÓPf o d - - tbd"r®musrf;*efwdkYudk aumif;pGm
wwfvSí oabmouef ausvnfacsmarmatmif ajymwwf
a[mwwf cswwf ydkYwwf qHk;jzwfwwfrI odrIum; okwr,
ÓPfomwnf;? þodrIum; 0dyóemÓPfrsKd; r[kwf? y&d , wå d
ÓPf rQomwnf;/
pdEÅmr,ÓPfod-- xdky&d,wådÓPfüwnfí xdkÓPfjzifh
od onfhtwdkif; ½IMunfhzefrsm;vwfaomf xdk ajcz0g; ylaEG;rI
at;csr;f rIwüYkd rsupf jd zifh jrifbo
d uJo
h Ykd ½kycf E¨mwpfjcm; emrfcE¨mwpf
jcm; uGJuJGjym;jym; xifjrifrIonfum; pdEÅmr,ÓPfodÓPfjrif
rnf\? bm0emr,ÓPfvnf; qdk&\? þodrI jrifrIonfvQif
0d y óemÓPf rnf\/
þbm0emt&mü þodkYaom pdEÅmr,ÓPftodtjrif
udkom vdktyf\? þpdEÅmr,ÓPf todtjrifonfomvQif 'd|dudk

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

133

y,fowfEdkif\? okwr,ÓPf 0dyóemÓPf 2-yg; jcm;em;
csuw
f nf;/
'd | d t jrif - - xdkAmvykxkZOfwkdY odrIç ynm½SdwdkY odrI 2yg;wdw
Yk iG -f ½kycf E¨mç emrfcE¨m[k rodí ajcz0g;tjyif ylonf aEG;onf
at;onf csrf;onf[k odjrifrIum;'d|dodrsKd; 'd|djrifrsdK; rnf\/
edpöodrsKd; edpöjrifrsKd; rnf\/
okcodrsKd; okcjrifrsKd; rnf\/
twåodrsKd; twåjrifrsKd; rnf\/
y&rw¬tvdktm;jzifh azmufjyef arSmufrSm;aom todrsKd;
tjrifrsKd; rnf\/
or® m 'd | d t jrif - - ajcz0g;tjyif[laom edrdwå"r®BuD;udk
y,f½Sm;í ½kyfcE¨m emrfcE¨mudk jcm;em;í odjrifrIonfum;or®m'd|dÓPfodrsKd; ÓPfjrifrsKd; rnf\/
tedpöodrsKd; tedpöjrifrsKd; rnf\/
'ku©odrsKd; 'ku©jrifrsKd; rnf\/
tewåodrsKd; tewåjrifrsKd; rnf\/
avmutvdk y&rw¬tvdkESpfyg;tm;jzifh ajzmifhrwf[kwfrSef
aom todrsKd; tjrifrsKd;rnf\/
avmutvkt
d m;jzifh ajzmifrh wf [kwrf eS yf u
kH m;-cufrmrIonf
odrI r[kwf? odrIonf cufrmrIr[kwf? cufrmrIum; trIwpfjcm;?
odru
I m; trIwpfjcm;? cufrmrIum; ½kyrf w
I nf;? pdw0f n
d mPfrrI [kw/f

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

134

odrIum; pdwf0dnmPfrIwnf;? ½kyfrIr[kwf[k ajymqdkcJhvQif
avmuü trIwpfrsKd;pD r[kwf[k rjiif;qefEdkifMuukefvwåHU/
edpöod ponfü½Sif;csuf-- ½kyfcE¨m emrfcE¨mwdkYudk þum;
½kyfcE¨mç þum;emrfcE¨m[k rodrlí2-yg;pHkudk ajcz0g;jyK vkyfí
odjcif;onf tb,fov
Ykd Qif edpo
ö çd okcodç twåod jzpfavoenf;
[lrlum;- ajcz0g;rnfonf edrdwå "r®rsKd;jzpfí wpfoufvHk;
cdkifjrJaom edpö"r®rsKd;wnf;? okomefodkYa&mufrS ysufqHk;\/
½kycf E¨mç emrfcE¨m 2-yg;ukd ajcz0g;jyKvyk í
f odro
I nf ½kycf E¨m
emrfcE¨m 2-yg;udk wpfoufvkH; cdkifNrJaom edpörsdK;[k odvsuf½Sd\/
edpö[lonf owå0gwdkY\ tvdk½Sdtyfaom okcrsdK;jzpfí
½kyfcE¨mç emrfcE¨mwdkYudk ok c [k odvsuf½Sd\/
edpö[lonf wpfoufvkH; cdkifNrJaom tESpfom&rsdK;jzpfí
½kyfcE¨mç emrfcE¨mwdkYudk ajcz0g;\ tom;tESpf twå o m&
m&[k
odvsu½f \
dS /
tedpöponfü ½Sif;csuf-- ajcz0g;ukd y,f½Sm;í ½kyfcE¨mç
emrfcE¨mukd cJGjcrf;í odrIonf tb,fokdYvQif tedpöodrIç 'ku©odrIç
tewåodrI jzpfavoenf;[lrlum;--cufrmrIudk ½kycf E¨m[k odcv
hJ Qif tvIyt
f vSurf cH ysuw
f wf
ajymif;vJwwfaom tedpörsdK;[k odawmhonf? ylrSef;odjcif;ç
aEG;rSef;odjcif;ç at;rSef; odjcif;ukd emrfcE¨m[k odcJhvQif olU
taMumif;qdkufwdkuf&m jzpfcsnf ysufcsnf twnfr& tedpörsdK;[k
xif½mS ;awmhonf/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

135

tedpö[lonf r&PrsdK; pifppfjzpfí aMumuf&vefY&aom
'ku©rsdK;[k odjcif;jzpfawmhonf/
tedpö[lonf tcdkiftrm tESpfom&rsdK; r[kwfonfjzpfí
ajcz0g;uJhokdY wpfoufvkH; ysufjcif; ajymif;vJjcif; r½SdbJ yuwd
taeESifh wnfaeEdkifaom tESpfom& twåZD0rsdK; r[kwf[k
odjrifEdkifawmhonf/
þrSaemufü 'ku©o[*kwfü jyqdkcJhorQaom tvkH;pkHwdkYudk
tukef qufí odMuav/
cPdu r&Pponf 13-yg;/ / 'ku©o[*kwfü jyqdkcJh
aom tcsuf <uif;pkqdkonfum;--1/ cPdur&Pç oEÅwrd &Pç b0qk;H r&P ok;H yg;onf
aMumuf v ef Y z G , f a om 'k u © r sd K ;csnf ; jzpf o nf [ k
jyqdck su/f
2/ ½kyçf emrfukd jrifrüI yk*Kd¾ v\
f jzpfjcif; ysujf cif;ç ½Sijf cif;
aojcif; [lí r½Sd? ½kyf"mwfç emrf"mwfwdkY\ jzpfjcif;ç
ysufjcif;ç ½Sifjcif;ç aojcif;onfom trSef½Sdonf[k
jrifrIukd jyqdkcsuf/
3/ yuwdvlwdkYonf ½kyf"mwfç emrf"mwfwdkY\ cPcP
jzpfrI ysufrIukd aMumifaMumif odjrifajymqdkí aeMu
ygukefvsuf xdkjzpfrIç ysufrIwdkYudk Zmwd"r®BuD;ç r&P
"r®BuD;[lí rodMuonfukd jyqdkcsuf/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

136

4/ okc\ ysufrIukdom 'ku©ab;b,[k qdkoifhygonf?
'ku©\ ysufrIonfum;]]'ku©m a0'em Xdwd'ku©m
0dy&dPmrokcg}} [laom ygXfESifhtnD okcrsdK;om
jzpfoifhygonf[laom apm'emukd ajzqdkcsuf/
5/ ajcwpfckvkH;ü azm|AÁ"mwfBuD; 3-yg;wdkY xdcdkufrI
ESjYH ym;wdik ;f zójzpfay:rIEjYHS ym;aMumif;ç zójzpfay:rI
ESHYjym;wdkif; a0'emu©E¨m jzpfay:rIESHYjym;aMumif;ukd
jyqdck su/f
6/ ajctwGif;ü emru©E¨mwdkYjzpfay:í aeMuukefaomf
vnf; ½kyfcE¨mESifh emrfcE¨mwdkY\ a&m,Sufjcif;r½Sd
aMumif;ukd jyqdkcsuf/
7/ ]]oVm,weypö,m zaóm? zóypö,m a0'em}}
[laom y#dpo
ö rkygÜ 'fa'oemawmft&udk ½Si;f vif;í
jyqdck su/f
8/ 0dyÜ,kwåypönf;udk jyqdkcsuf/
9/ ]]um,Oö y#dpö azm|aAÁ p OyÜZÆwd um,0dnmPH}}
tp½Sad om okweå yf gVd\ teuft"dygÜ ,fukd ½Si;f vif;í
jyqdck su/f
10/ um,0dnmPf\ jzpfrIukd us,f0ef;pGm jyqdkcsuf/
11/ um,0d n mPf o d ç raemES v k H ; üjzpf a om raem
0dnmPfodç yk*¾dKvfodwdkYudk jyqdkcsuf/
12/ owå0gwdkY\ ukd,fcE¨mü þum,0dnmPfemru©E¨m
4-yg; wdkYonf b,fae&mrSmrS tNrJ½Sdaeonfr[kwf?

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

137

tm*EÅK vrf; a½SmufwdkYom jzpfMuonfukd jyqdkcsuf/
13/ ½kyfç emrfukd rjrifEdkifonfhtwGufaMumifh ajcç vuf
paom uk,
d t
f *Fgwdu
Yk dk touf½o
dS nfç t½Sijf zpfonf
[k xifrSwfrIukd jyqdkcsuf/
þ 13-csuw
f u
Ykd kd 'kuo
© [*kwüf jyqdck ahJ om tcsu<f uif;pk
qdk ownf;/
ajct*F g ponf ü emru© E ¨ m 4-yg; jzpf y suf y k H
xdkrSwpfyg; ajcukd om,mpGm yGwfrIç ESdyfrIç oyfrIç e,frIç
ukdifrIç xdrIç acsm arGUEl;nHhaom t0wft½kHxdrIç zsm ½kdif oifjzL;
tcif;tESD;xdrIç acsmarGUEl;nHh at;csrf;aom vrf;ajr oJajr
&THUajrxdrI ponfwdkYüvnf; cHomrIç cHíaumif;rI[kqdktyfaom
ajct&omwdkYonf jzpfay:ukef\? xdkajc t&omwdkYonf okc
o[*kwf emru©E¨m 4-yg;wdkYaywnf;/
ajct*Fgta&ay: ta&wGif;ç tom;ay: tom;wGif;ç
taMumay: taMumwGif;ç t½kd;ay: t½kd;wGif; tvkH;pkHwdkYü
£|jzpfukefaom tyazm|AÁç twGif;azm|AÁwdkY\ xdawGUrIwdkY
aMumifh xif½mS ;ç rxif½mS ;aom ajct&om jzpfay:rIç csKyyf surf w
I u
Ykd kd
tukeftpifodjrifMuavukef/
xdkenf;twl ajcusOf;0wft*Fg ta&ç tom;ç taMumç
t½kd; tvkH;pkHwdkYü okco[*kwfemru©E¨m[laom t&omay:rI?
ajcom;vkH;t*Fgç ykqpft*Fgç aygift*Fgç cg;t*Fgç ta&ç tom;ç
taMumç t½k d ; tvk H ; pk H w d k Y ü ok c o[*k w f e mru© E ¨ m [l a om
t&omay:rI? 0rf;t*Fgç &ift*Fgç ausmufukef;t*Fgç ttlwGif;ç

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

138

tonf;wGif;ç tqkwfwGif;ç ESvkH;wGif;wdkYü okco[*kwfemru©E¨m
[laom t&omay:rI? OD;acgif;t*Fgç rsuEf mS ç cHwiG ;f ç ta&ç tom;ç
taMumç t½k d ; tvk H ; pk H w d k Y ü ok c o[*k w f e mru© E ¨ m [l a om
t&omay:rIç ysufrIwdkYudkvnf; tukefjrifMuavukef/
umrwPS m aMumif h tyk y f a umif u k d cif r if y k H
avmuü acG;ç usD;ç vif;wwdkYonf rdrdwdkY udk,fwGif;ü
raumif;aom 0#f0dyguf tNrJwdkufwGef;rIaMumifh tvGefpufqkyf
zG,½f adS om vlaoykyçf EGm;aoykyçf acG;aoykyw
f u
Ykd ydk if tvGecf ifrif
pkHrufNrdef½Suf jrwfEdk;Muukef\/
xdktwl þowå0gtaygif;wdkYonf xdkukd,ft*Fg t&om
BuD;ukd tvGefcifrif pkHrufNrdef½SufvSaom umrwPSm[laom
tukokdvf0#fqdk;BuD; tNrJwdkufwGef;rIaMumifh tykyfaumifç tn§D
aumifç teHtapmfaumifBuD;rSef; aMumifaMumifodjrifMuygukef
vsuf tcsif;csif; tvGefcifrif Nrdef½SufMuavukef\/
Elemyrm umrwPSm/ / wpfu,
kd v
f ;Hk &G&J pJG dk usKd uf usKd uq
f l
ElemBuD;½Sdaom olwdkYtm;--1/ wpfu,
dk v
f ;Hk ü yd;k awGuu
kd í
f tNr,
J m;,HrI 'kuw
© pfyg;?
2/ yd;k pm yd;k acs; aoG;ykyf jynfyyk w
f t
Ykd wGuf tNrcJ sr;f at;rI
'ku©BuD; wpfyg;?
þ'ku©BuD; 2-yg; tNrJ½Sdae\/
tvGefylvSç tdkufvSaom uqkefç e,kefç 0gqdkç 0gacgifv
tcgwdkYüyif &J&JNidaom ½Sm;rD;usD; rD;tdk;cif;BuD;ukd rvTwfEdkif?
ukd,fwGif; tonf;ESvkH;wGif;wdkYrS ydk;awG vIyf<uojzifh tvGef

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

139

,m;,HrI cdu
k cf u
kd w
f ek f csr;f at;rI jzpfvmwdik ;f jzpfvmwdik ;f ½Sm;rD;us;D
rD;td;k cif;Bu;D okYd csO;f uyfí rD;td;k cif;Bu;D ESihf vk;H axG;rdrS t,m;t,H
twkeftcsrf;ajyí aeomxdkifom csrf;omokcudk &av\/
xdt
Yk wl þowå0gtaygif;wdrYk mS vnf; xdu
k ,
dk t
f *Fgt&om
BuD; terw*¾oHo&mü b0tqufquf &GJ&GJpkd usdKufusdKufql
yGg;pD;í vmcJhaom umrwPSmElempdkBuD;onf ½SdaeMu\/
jyqdkcJhNyD;aom udk,ft*Fgt&omBuD;onfrlum; xdkwPSm
ElemukdvGefpGm yGg;pD;apEdkifaom tpmtm[m&BuD;aywnf;/
umrwPS m \ tm;xm;&m umr0w¬ K
xdkElema&m*gonfBuD;onf ½Sm;rD;usD; rD;tdk;cif;BuD;udk
tNrJ u d k ; uG , f & mjyKí ae&bd o uJ h o k d Y umrwPS m El e ma&m*g
onfBuD;awG jzpfaeMuukefaom owå0gwdkYonfvnf; umr0w¬K
umr txnfBuD;awGudk tNrJudk;uG,f&mjyKí xm;Mu&ukef\/
umrwPS m uk d j zpf y G g ;apaom umr0w¬ K
aEGvtcgü ½Sm;rD;usD;rnfonf jrif½kHrQ ESihfyif tvGefyljcif;ç
tkdufjcif; 'ku©ukd om jzpfyGm;apwwf\? at;csrf;jcif; okcudk
rjzpfapwwf? xkdYtwl xkdukd,ft*Fg t&omukd cHpHzufjzpfaom
umr0wåK umrtxnfwkdYrnfonf jrif½kHrQESifhyif umrwPSm
udavomtyl ttkdufukd jzpfyGm;apEkdifukef\? umrwPSm
udavomtyl\ at;Nidrf;jcif;ukd rjzpfapwwfukef/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

140

b0uk d Ek H c smapaom umr0w¬ K
½Sm;rD;us;D rnfonf aygif;zuf a&m,Suv
f maom 0w¬KrsKd ;wku
Yd dk
tusKd ;rJBh u;D tcsn;f ES;D ppf jymrIejYf zpfatmif tuket
f ajymif avmif
uRr;f apwwf\? xkt
Yd wl xku
d ,
dk t
f *Fg t&omukd cHpH zufjzpfaom
umr0w¬K umrtxnfukd,fwkdYonfvnf; aygif;zuf a&m,Suf
rdaom olwu
Ydk dk ,ckb0wGif tvGejf rifjh rwfvpS mG ukeaf om oDv*kPçf
odu©m*kPfç orm"d*kPfç ynm*kPfBuD;wkdYrS tyjzpfí aoonf\
tjcm;rJhü acG;ç 0ufç Muufç iSufç oef;ç Murf;ykd;ç ykd;avmufç ykd;rTm;
paom ao;Ekwf pkwfzGJvSaom b0okdY a&mufavatmif tukef
tajymif avmifuRrf;apwwfukef\/
þum; umr0w¬K umrtxnfwkdYESifh a&m,Sufrdaomtcg
ukd,ft*Fg twGif;ü vQyfppfjyufouJhokdY cPcP jzpfay:Muukef
aom okco[*kwf emru©E¨m 4-yg;[kqkdtyfukefaom ukd,ft*Fg
t&omBuD;wkdY\ tjypfa'goukd t>rufrQjyqkdcsufenf;/
um,0dnmPf emru©E¨m 4-yg;ukd azmfjycef;NyD;\/
------- Ä -------

Zd0Sg0dnmPf emru©E¨m 4-yg;ukd jyqkdcef;
Zd 0 S g 0d n mPf
emru©E¨m 4-yg;\ jzpf&mXme-- ,cktcg vQm\odjcif;ç
vQm\odrçI vQm\tod [kqkdtyfaom Zd0Sg0dnmPf emru©E¨m 4yg;ukd jyqkdaytHh/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

141

csOfvSpGmaomt&omwpfckjzifh vQmwpfjyifvkH;ukd wkdYí
prf;onf ½Sdaomf csOfrSef;odrI jzpfay:vm&m vQmt&yfpkonf
Zd0Sg0dnmPfESifhwuGjzpfom emru©E¨m 4-yg;wkdY\ jzpf&mXme
aywnf;/
Zd 0 S g 0d n mPf - - Zd0Sg0dnmPfqkdonfum; avmutvkd
tm;jzifh vQm\odrI qkdvdkonf? tbd"r®mtvkdtm;jzifh vQmüjzpf
ay:vmaom odrI qkv
d o
dk nf? yk*Kd¾ vo
f rd u
I m; r[kwaf o;? xkv
d Qm\
odrIjzpf ay:onfrSaemufü raemESvkH;\ odrIBuD;qufvufí
jzpfay:\? þraem ESvkH;\ odrIBuD; jzpfay:aomtcgrS yk*¾dKvfod
jzpfvmí csOfonf csdKonf[k yk*¾dKvfod od\/

vQm\odrI 2-rsdK;
]]a,mif;ronf toufxufqkH; [iftkd;ukdarTí aeaomf
vnf; [if;\t&omukd csKd onfç csOo
f nf[í
l rodwwf? vQmonf
wpfBudrf wpfcgrQyif [if;ESifhaygif;rdaomfvnf; [if;t&omukd
csdKonfç csOfonf[k odwwf\}}[lívmaom Oyrmpum;ü
vQmonftcsKd ç tcsOpf aom t&omrsKd ;ukd odwwf\[k a[mawmf
rl\? þvQm\ odrIonf vsufrIü twGif;0ifvsuf ½Sd\/
t&omrsd K ; od r I - - þvQmtjyifü xrif;yl xrif;at;ç
[if;yl [if;at;ç a&yl a&at;ponfukd odaom um,0dnmPf
onfvnf; jzpfay:\? t&omrsdK;ukd odonfum; Zd0Sg0dnmPf
emru©E¨m 4-yg;wnf;/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

142

azm|AÁ od r I - - vQmay:ü a&mufvmaom 0w¬KwkdYukd
El;nHo
Hh nf Murf;wrf;onf ylonf at;onf ½Gonf yGonf vIyo
f nf
½Sm;onf tp½Sdaom odrIç vQmemrIç vQm,m;rIç vQmcsrf;omrIç
vQmrcsr;f omrIç ponfwu
Ydk m; um,0dnmPf emru©Em¨ 4-ygwnf;?
þokdY odrIom uGJMuonf? jzpf&mXmeum; ruJGMu/
þokdYvQif vQmonf emru©E¨m 4-yg; ESpfpkHwkdY\ jzpfay:&m
XmejzpfayaomaMumifh vQmonf tcsdKç tcsOfpaom t&omrsdK;
wkdYukdvnf; odwwf\? tEkç tMurf;paom azm|AÁrsdK;wkdYukdvnf;
odwwf\[k ajymqkd &m\/
t&omodrI jzpfysufykH/
/ y&rw¬tm;jzifhrlum;
vQm[líyif r½Sd? cE¨m 5-yg;om ½Sd\/
1/ cufrmrIonf ½Sd\/
2/ zGJUap;rIonf ½Sd\/
3/ ylaEG;rIonf ½Sd\/
4/ awmifhwif;rI avsmh&JrIonf ½Sd\/
5/ tqif;"mwf ½Sd\/
6/ teHY"mwf ½Sd\/
7/ &o"mwf ½Sd\/
þtrI þ"mwfpkonf ½lyu©E¨mrnf\? þ½lyu©E¨mpk\
udpöum; toD;tjcm;wnf;/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

143

xked mru©Em¨ wk\
Yd udpw
ö u
Ydk m; toD;tjcm;wdw
Yk nf;? t&om
rsdK;ukd odrIonf xkdxkdtcsdKrsdK;ç tcsOfrsdK;paom tm[m&0w¬KwkdYukd
vQmay:okdY wifaomtcgrS jzpfay:vmMuukef\? vQmay:ü xkd
0w¬KrsdK;wkdY r½SdjyefvQif csKyfaysmufMuukef\/
azm|AÁodwkdYonfvnf; xkdYtwlwnf;/
'd | d t jrif - - xk d o k d Y j zpf & mü ½k y f c E¨ m rS e f ; emrf c E¨ m rS e f ;
rodMuukefaom AmvykxkZOfwdkYonfum; ½kyfcE¨mpkukd vQm[k
wpfcw
k nf; jyKí xko
d rd w
I u
Ydk dk emrfcE¨m[k rjcm;em;yJ vQm\udpjö yKí
vQmodonf [kjrifMuukef\? þtjrifum; 'dd|dwnf;? edpötjrifç
okctjrifç twåtjrifç Zd0 tjrifwnf;/
ÓPf t jrif - - vQm[laom todukdy,f½Sm;í ½kyfcE¨mç
emrfcE¨m jcm;em;í odrIum; ÓPfod ÓPfjrifaywnf;? tedpö
jrifç 'ku©jrifç tewåjrif edZDÆ0 edówå tjrifaywnf;/
taMumif;,kwdåudkum; um,0dnmPfESpfyg;ü jyqdkcJhNyD/
þrS aemufü 13-&yfaom tqpftydkif;wdkYudkvnf; um,
0dnmPf enf;wlodav/
vQmt&om 2-rd s K;/
1/

/ þü vQmt&omonf---

okco[*kwu
f m,0dnmPfemru©Em¨ [laom t&om
wpfrsdK;ç
2/ Zd0Sg0dnmPfemru©E¨m[laom t&omwpfrsdK;ç
[lí 2-rsdK;&Sd\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

144

xdkwGif um,0dnmPfemru©E¨m[laom vQmt&omonf
um; udk,f t*Fgt&omBuD;üyg0ifavNyD? Zd0Sg0dnmPfemru©E¨m[l
aom vQmt&om BuD;um; usef&Sd\/
þt&omBuD;udkvnf; owå0gwdkYonf vGefpGmvdkufpm;Mu
uke\
f ? aq;tjywfrcHEikd f uGr;f tjywfrcHEikd f &SMd uuke\
f ? &owPSm
udk 0#fqdk;BuD;ç ElemBuD;jyKí xdkufonftm;avsmfpGm Oyrmç
Oyar,sESpf&yfwdkYudkvnf; odMuav/
Zd0Sg0dnmPf NyD;\/
------- Ä -------

Cme0dnmPfemru©E¨m 4-yg;udkjyqdkcef;
Cme0d n mPf e mru© E ¨ m \ jzpf & mXme
ESmacgif;\odjcif; ESmacgif;\odrI ESmacgif;\ tod[q
k t
kd yf
aom Cme 0dnmPf emru©Em¨ 4-yg;ü ESmacgif;\ twGi;f &yfonf
Cme0dnmPf emru©E¨m 4-yg;\ jzpfay:&m Xmewnf;/
emru© E ¨ m 4-yg;2-yg;pk H jzpf y k H
þüvnf; um,0dnmPf emru©E¨m4-yg;? Cme 0dnmPf
emru©E¨m 4-yg; ESpfpHk&\? tMurf; tEkç tyl tat;ç tvIyf
t½Sm;wkdYESifh ESacgif;avwkdY\ awGYxdrIwkdYaMumifh um,0dnmPf
emru©Em¨ 4-yg; jzpfay:\? twGi;f rS jzpfaomteHY tyrS jzpfaom
teHYwkdY\ xdckdufrIwkdYaMumifh Cme0dnmPf emru©E¨m 4-yg;
jzpfay:\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

145

ESmacgif;\odrI 2-rsdK;;-- Cme0dnmPf\odru
I u
dk m; eHonf
arT;onf[k ac:\? þokYd ESmacgif;onf emru©Em¨ 4-yg; ESppf w
Hk \
Ydk
jzpf&mXmejzpfaomaMumifh ESmacgif;onf teHY trsdK;rsdK;ukdvnf;
eHwwf\? tEkç tMurf;paom azm|AÁrsdK;ukdvnf; odwwf\[k
ajymqk&d m\/
y&rw¬tm;jzifhrlum; ESmacgif;[líyif r½Sd? xkdae&müjzpf
aom cE¨m 5-yg;om½Sd\/
Zd0Sg0dnmPf emru©E¨m 4-yg;wkdYüuJhokdY ½kyfcE¨mç emrfcE¨mcJG
enf;ç 'd|dod ÓPfodcJGenf;ç edpö okc twåç tedpö 'ku© tewå
cJGenf;wkdYukd cJGjcrf;í odMuav? þ 13-&yfaom tqpftykdif;ç
ESmacgif;t&om 2-rsdK;ç wPSm2-rsdK;ç Oyrm 2-rsdK;wkdYukdvnf;
Zd0Sg0dnmPfenf;wl odMuav/
Cme0dnmPfNy;D \/
------- Ä -------

aomw0dnmPfemru©E¨m 4-yg;ukd jyqkdcef;
aomw0d n mPf
emru© E ¨m 4-yg;\ jzpf & mXme
em;\odjcif; em;\odrI em;\tod[al om aomw 0dnmPf
emru©E¨m 4-yg;wkdYü em;\ twGif;t&yfonf þemru©E¨m 4-yg;
jzpf&mXmewnf;? um,0dnmPf emru©E¨m 4-yg;\ jzpf&mXme
vnf;jzpf\? emru©E¨m 4-yg; ESpfpkH&\? em;onf azm|AÁrsdK;
wkdYukdvnf; odwwf\? toHrsdK;rsdK;wkdYukdvnf; Mum;wwf\[k

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

146

ajymqkd&m\? aomw0dnmPfodukd Mum;\ [líac:\/
xko
d Ydk toHuMdk um;í odMu&mü em;odç raemESv;Hk odç yk*Kd¾ vo
f d
cJGNrJ cJGav/
y&rw¬tm;jzifhrlum; em;j'Af[líyifr½Sd? xdkae&müjzpfaom
cE¨m 5-yg;om½Sd\? ½kyfcE¨m emrfcE¨mcGJav/
½kyfemrfjzpfysufyHk-- ½kyfcE¨mum; xdkae&mü jrpfa&t,Of
uJo
h Ykd tpOfrjywfjzpfí ae\? emrfcE¨m 4-yg;wdu
Yk m; xdx
k t
kd oHrsKd ;
xdcdkufqJtcgüom jzpfay:Muukef\? xdkxdktoH jywfpJjyefvQif
xdkae&müyifvQif emrf\aoqHk;jcif;jzifh aoqHk;csKyfysufMuav
uke\
f ? "mwf\aoqH;k jcif;ç "r®\aoqH;k jcif;jzifh aoqH;k csKyyf suMf u
avukef\/
toH j zpf y suf y H k - - wpfem&DtwGif;rSm toHtrsdK;rsdK;udk
tcgcg Mum;&mü olUtoHEiS hf oleY mru©Em¨ pk tcgcgjzpfay:í tcgcg
ysufqHk;Muukef\? pum;ajymqdkoHudk Mum;em&mü pum;rnfonf
tu©&mwpfvHk;pD wpfvHk;pDpOfí ajym&m\? tu©&mwdkYonf
tpOftwdik ;f csKyu
f ek \
f ? aemufaemuf tu©&may:vmvQif a½S;a½S;
tu©&m r½SdNyD/
em;axmifolwdkYonf em;ü aomw0dnmPf emru©E¨m 4yg;wdkYonf olUtu©&mESifhol tpOftwdkif;jzpfay:í tpOftwdkif;
csKyq
f ;kH Muuke\
f ? ]]earm wó}} [laom &Gwq
f o
kd u
H kd Mum;em&mü
]e} [laom toHtu©&monf em;wGif;ü xdcdkuf\? xdcdkufrI
'Pf[kefaMumifh aomw0dnmPf emru©E¨m 4-yg;jzpfay:&\? ]e}

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

147

[laom toHudkpGJí jzpfay:aom emru©E¨monf xdktoH csKyfqHk;
vQif csKyfqHk;NrJjzpf\? ]e} toHcsKyfqHk;vQif ]e} toHudk Mum;rIvnf;
aysmufu,
G o
f nf[k avmuüvnf; xif½mS ;yg\? avmuü em;\
udpö tcGirhf nfonf tvGeBf u;D us,\
f ? em;ü yk*Kd¾ vçf owå0gç twåç
ZD0ç edpöç okc pGJvrf;csuf tvGefoef\/
yk*¾dKvfç owå0g[lí pGJvrf;yHk-- apm'em&ef ½Sd\? em;udk
yk*¾dKvf[lí owå0g[lí pJGvrf;rI r&Sdyg? yk*¾dKvf\ t*Fgç owå0g\
t*Fg[líom pGJvrf;ygonf [k qdk&ef½Sd\/
igMum;onf[k pGJvrf;rIç em;onf Mum;wwfonf[kpGJvrf;rI
onf em;ukdyk*¾dKvf[lí owå0g[lí pGJvrf;rIyifwnf;/
xkdYtwl ajcoef;ç vufoef;ü xdckdufí emonf½Sdaomf
igemonf[k pGJvrf;rIonf ajcoef;ç vufoef;ukd yk*¾dKvf[lí
owå0g[lí pGJvrf;rIyifwnf;/
,kwfpGtqkH; rkwfqdwf usifpG,f[laom arG;nif;ukd
Ekwfy,f&mü arG;nif;\ t&if;tzkdYonf um,yom'½kyf½Sd\?
emwwf\? xkdemrIukd igemonf[k pGJvrf;rIonf wpfckwpfckaom
arGnif;ukd yk*¾dKvf[lí owå0g [lí pGJvrf;rIyifwnf;/
arGnif;aygif; uk;d aomif; uk;d axmif ½So
d nf[&l um; arGnif;
ta&twGuf yk*Kd¾ vf owå0gpGv
J rf;csuf uk;d aomif;uk;d axmif ½S\
d ?
rdrpd v
JG rf;í aerIuydk if rdrrd a&vnfí apm'emjcif;om jzpfonf[k
ajzav/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

148

avmutok H ; tEI e f ; tvk d y k * ¾ d K vf j zpf j cif ;
yk*Kd¾ v\
f t*Fgjzpfí yk*Kd¾ vrf [kw[
f k tpdwt
f pdwf Ekwyf ,fí
xm;cJv
h Qif wpfu,
dk v
f ;Hk t*Fgcsn;f jzpfíuke&f m\ yk*Kd¾ vçf owå0gyif
r½S&d mNy/D
xk d Y a Mumif h xk d x k d 0 d n mPf j zpf & mXmeç od w wf & mXmeç
touf½Sdonf t½Sifjzpfonf[k rSwf,l&mXme tvkH;pkHonf
yk*¾dKvfvnf; [kwf\? yk*¾dKvf\ t*Fgvnf; [kwf\? twåvnf;
[kwf\? owå0g\ t*Fgvnf; [kwf\? twåvnf;[kwf\? ZD0
vnf;½Sd\[k avmutvkdukd odtyf\/
'd | d o d - --yk*¾dKvfç owå0g[k pGJvrf;rIonf edpöç okcç twåç
ZD0[k pJGvrf;rIyif wnf;? wPSmç rmeç 'd|d okH;yg;wdYk\ trIcsnf;
omwnf;? Mum;wwfaomem;j'Afç em;oP²mef[lír½Sd/
ÓPf o d - --xkdae&mü tpOfjzpfyGm;íaeaom cufrmrI
ponfum; ½lyu©Em¨ omwnf;? xk½d yl u©Em¨ onf Mum;wwf odwwf
aom w&m;rsKd ;r[kw?f Mum;rIç odro
I nfum; xkad e&mü toHcu
dk q
f J
tcg jzpfay:vmaom emru©Em¨ 4-yg;omwnf;? em;ü cE¨mig;yg;om
½Sd\[k odrI jrifrIonfum; ÓPfod jzpf\? tedpöodç 'ku©odç
tewåodç edówåç edZDÆ0 od jzpf\/
taMumif;,kwådukdrlum; um,0dnmPfü jyqkdcJhNyD? þrS
aemufü 13-&yfaom tqpftykdif;wkdYukdvnf; um,0dnmPf
enf;wlodav/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

149

em;t&om 2-rsd K ;;-- em;t&omonfvnf; 2-rsdK;½Sd\?
xkdwGif okco[*kwf emru©E¨m 4-yg;[laom t&omonf
ukd,ft*Fg t&omBuD;ü yg0ifavNyD? om,maom toHukdvnf;
aumif;ç rdrdtvkd½Sdaom pum;rsdKukdvnf;aumif; Mum;aomtcgü
cHpm;&aom em;t&omonfum; aomw0dnmPf emru©E¨m 4yg;aywnf;? þem;t&omudv
k nf; owå0gwko
Yd nf vGepf mG vku
d pf m;
Muuke\
f /
pum;ajymazmf pum;ajymzufESifhuif;í qdwfNidrf&mü
wpfudk,fa, wpfum, aexdkifjcif;iSgyif rwwfEdkif &SdMuukef\?
tazmfEiS u
hf if;í em;qdwq
f w
d af e&vQif Ni;D awmufjcif; Ni;D aiGUjcif;
jzpfMuuke\
f ? a&mufrad &muf&m pyfrpd yf&m oræyv
Ü my pum;rsKd ;udk
yif Mum;emí ae&rS tNi;D ajy Muuke\
f ? þaomwt&omBu;D onf
avmuü tNiD;ajy cHpm;zG,fBuD; wpfyg;yifwnf;/
acG;ç usD;ç vif;w Oyrmç Elema&m*gonfBuD; OyrmwdkYudk
vnf; þü xdkufonftm;avsmfpGm odMuav/
aomw0dnmPf NyD;\/
ÄÄÄ

pu©K0dnmPf emru©E¨m 4-yg;udk jyqdkcef;
pu©K0dnmPf emru©E¨m 4-yg;\
jzpf & mXmeponf

pu©K 0dnmPf emru©E¨m 4-yg;ü rsufvkH;t&yfonf pu©K
0dnmPf emru©E¨m 4-yg;\ jzpf&mXmeaywnf;? um,0dnmPf

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

150

emru©E¨m 4-yg;\ jzpf&mXmevnf; [kwf\? þrsufpdüvnf;
emru©E¨m 4-yg; ESpfpkH&\? rsufpdonf tylç tat;paom
azm|AÁrsdK;wdkYudkvnf; odwwf\? emwwf\? usifwwf\? usdef;
wwf\? pyfwwf\? tqif;trsKd ;rsKd ;udv
k nf; jrifwwf\? yk*Kd¾ vrf sKd ;
owå0grsKd ; trSejf zpf\[k qd&k m\? pu©K0n
d mPfou
d kd jrifonf[í
l
ac:\/
xdx
k kd ouf½dS oufrJh 0w¬Kwu
Ykd kd jrifí b,foif;b,f[m[k
odMu&mü rsufpdodç raemESvkH;odç yk*¾dKvfod[k cGJjrJcGJav/
½k y f e mrf j zpf y suf y k H - - y&rw¬tm;jzifhrlum; rsufpdj'Af
[líyif r½S?d xdak e&müjzpfaom cE¨m 5-yg;om ½S\
d / xdw
k iG f ½lyu©Em¨
wpfyg;om xdkae&mü tpOfjrJ\? emru©E¨m 4-yg;wdkYonfum;
xdkxdktqif;tm½kHudk Munfh½Ií aeqJtcgüom jzpfay:ukef\?
tdyfaysmfí aeqJtcgç arSmifrdkuf twGif;üaeqJtcgç rsufpdudk
rSw
d í
f aeqJtcgwdüYk xdak e&mrSm csKyu
f ,
G í
f aeMuuke\
f ? Munf½h í
I
aeqJtcgrSmvnf; rsuf awmifcwfwdkif; cwfwdkif; cPcPcsKyf
uG,Mf u&uke\
f ? tm½kaH jymif;wdik ;f ajymif;wdik ;f csKyu
f ,
G Mf u&uke\
f /
pdwfvsifjrefykH-- refusn;f yiftp½Sad om t½Gupf yd o
f pfyif
rsdK;wdkYudk armfíMunfh&mü t½Gufwpfck wpfckvQif emru©E¨m 4-yg;
toD;toD;jzpfí toD;toD;csKyfuG,fMuukef\? t½Guf wpfck
udjk rifrçI odrEI iS hf xdjYk yif t½Guw
f pfcu
k kd jrifro
I rd w
I o
Ykd nf toD;toD;
wdkYomwnf;? wpfckNyD;rSwpfck jzpfMujrJaywnf;? ESpfckNydKifí jzpfjrJ
r[kwf? pdwfrnfonf tvGefvsifjrefvSí wpfyifvkH;udkyif

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

151

wpfNydKifeufjrifonf[k xifí ae&ukef\/
tod 3-rsd K ;;/ / t½G u f w pf c k w pf c k ü yif rsuf p d o d ç
raemESvkH;odç yk*¾dKvfod toD;oD;pD jzpfMu\/
rsuf p d o d ç raemES v k H ; od E S i f h yk * ¾ d K vf o d - - xdkwGif pu©Kod

qdo
k nfum; tqif; oufoufukd jrifrrI Qomwnf;? tBu;D ç ti,fç
t0ef;ç tvsm;paom oP²mefudk odonfr[kwf? raemESvkH;ododkY
a&mufrS xdkoP²mefwdkY toD;toD;ay:\? þraemESvkH;udkyif
yk*¾dKvfod qdk&onf/
refusnf;yifBuD;udk armfíMunfh&mü t½GufawGudk toD;
toD ; jrif r I E S i f h t½G u f o P² m ef a wG u d k toD ; toD ; od r I o nf
wpfNyKd ief ufyif rSwx
f ifMu&uke\
f ? pdw\
f jzpfrçI ysurf çI ajymif;vJrI
jrefykHudk &dyfrd½kH jyqdkvdkufonf/
avmuü þrsufpd\ tcGifhrnfonf tvGefBuD;us,f\?
em;\ tcGifhxufyif omvGef\? rsufpdü yk*¾dKvfç owå0gç twåç
ZD0ç edpöç okcpGJvrf;rI tvGefxufoef\/
þpum;ü apm'emcsuf ajzqdck suw
f u
Ykd kd aomwü qdck w
Jh ikd ;f
odav? þrSaemufü pu©Kü 'd|dodÓPfod cGJcef;ç 13-yg;aom
tqpftydkif;wdkYudkvnf; þpu©Kü tukeftpif jrifMuavukef/
rsufpdü t&om 2-rsdK;;/ / t&omESifh wPSmtpGrf;udk
jyqdkenf;ü þrsufpdrSmvnf; t&om ESpfrsdK;&\?

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

152

xdkwGif okco[*kPfum,0dnmPfemru©E¨m 4-yg;[laom
t&om onf udk,ft*Fgt&omBuD;wGif yg0ifavNyD/
vSywifhw,faom tqif;oP²mefrsdK;ç rdrdtvdk½Sdaom
0w¬KrsdK;ç rawGYpbl; rjrifpbl;aom tm½kH0w¬KrsdK;wdkYudk jrifMuaom
tcgü cHpm;&aom rsupf t
d &omonfum; pu©K0n
d mPfemru©Em¨
4-yg;aywnf;? þpum;rsKd ;wdüYk raemESv;Hk trIwu
Ykd v
kd nf; tygt0if
jyKí ,lMuavukef/
t&omü ½Sif;csuf-- yDwd okc aomreówdkYudk t&om
qdkvdk&if; jzpfjim;aomfvnf; cE¨m 4-yg;wdkY\ jzpfrItvm; xif½Sm;
apjcif;iSg cE¨m 4-yg;[líyif qdkvdkufonf/
wpf e nf ; um; Oayu© m a0'emonf v nf ; yD w d ç ok c ç
aomreóud k r&om&mü tNiD ; ajy t&omrsd K ;yif jzpf \ ?
rsuf p d r nf o nf aumif ; onf u d k r S o m Munf h v d k o nf r[k w f ?
MunfhcGifh½Sdygvsuf rMunfh&vQif oufouf raeEdkifrIrsdK;wnf;?
wpfoufv;Hk wpfaeYwpfaeYvQif tcgcgjrifíae&aom 0w¬KrsKd ;yif
jzpfaomfvnf; rufp&m0w¬Kwpfyg;r½Scd v
Jh Qif xdt
k m½Hu
k ykd if warmh
armhae&\? rMunfhbJraeEdkif? rMunfhbJ pu©Ka`E´udk csKyfwnf;í
ae&rnfqv
kd Qif cPcsi;f Ni;D awmuf\? pdwu
f sO;f Muyf\? rsupf Od ypm
wqk;H zGihf vTwí
f xm;rS tBuKd uu
f s\? t&omaumif; awGUouho
J Ykd
tNiD;tawmuf ajyaysmuf\/
xdaYk Mumifh raumif;onfjzpfapç aumif;onfjzpfap Munfjh rif
&rIonfvnf; tNiD;tawmuf ajyaysmufapwwfaom tazsmf
tajz t&omBuD; wpfrsdK;yifjzpfownf;? <uif;aom aomwç

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

153

CmeponfwdkYüvnf; þenf;wl odav/
xdkYaMumifh Oayu©ma0'emudkvnf; t&omqdkoifh\/
emru©Em¨ 4-yg;vk;H udv
k nf; t&omqdo
k if\
h [lí rSwaf v/
wpfoufvkH; jrifíae&aom tm½kHrsdK;tv,füyif pu©Ka`E´
ud k csKyf x d e f ; ír&? rsuf p d r suf E S m OD ; wnf r d & m rsuf p d O ypmü
rd;k udak rQmv
f u
kd &f \? wdru
f kd arQmv
f u
kd &f \? ajrtjyifukd arQmv
f u
kd &f \?
a&tjyifuakd rQmv
f u
kd &f \? awmwpfciG u
f akd rQmv
f u
kd &f \? awmifwpf
cGifudkarQmfvdkuf&\? vludk EGm;udk acG;udk 0ufudk tdrfudk ,mudk
arQmfvdkuf&\? arQmf&rS pdwfacsmif\? pdwfcsrf;om\? t&omBuD;
wpfyg;yifjzpf\? udk,fawGY'd| jzpfMu\/
þrSaemufü þpu©Kt&omü om,maomwPSm0#fq;dk Bu;D ç
wPSm ElemBuD;wkdYukd um,0dnmPfü jyqkdcJhNyD;aomenf;udk
tpOfrSD;í odMuav/
pu©K0n
d mPfNy;D \/
----- Ä -----

raem0dnmPf emru©E¨m 4-yg;ukd jyqkdcef;
raemESvkH;od yk*¾d Kvfodac:aom raemESvkH;\ odjcif;ç
raemESv;Hk \ odrçI raemESv;Hk \ tod[q
k t
dk yfaom raem0dnmPf
jzpf&mXme raem0dnmPf emru©E¨m 4-yg;ukd jyqkdaytHh/
raem0d n mPf j zpf & mXme-- &ifwGif;ü½Sdaom ESvkH;aoG;
twGi;f ü þ raem0dnmPfonfjzpf\? ESv;Hk tdro
f nfom tom;pkid f
tom;cJjzpfí um,0dnmPemru©Em¨ 4-yg;\ jzpf&m Xmejzpf\?

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

154

ESvkH;aoG;onfrlum; um,0dnmPfjzpf&mXme rqkdom/
raem0dnmPf trsdK;rsdK;;-- ESvkH;aoG;\ twGif;üjzpfaom
xkdraem 0dnmPf emru©E¨m 4-yg;onfum; tvGef taxG tjym;
rsm;jym;\? tukokdvf[kqkdtyfaom raumif;aom tMuHrsKd;
onfvnf; raemESv;Hk rS jzpf\? ukov
dk [
f q
k t
dk yfaom aumif;aom
tMuHrsdK;onfvnf; raemESvkH;rS jzpf\? tdyfaysmfaom b0if
tAsmuw0dnmPfonfvnf; raemESvkH;rS jzpf\? ukd,ft*FgBuD;
i,fwu
Ydk dk jyKjyifjcif;[kqt
dk yfaom um,uHrrI sKd ;ç pum;ajymqkt
d yf
aom 0pDurH rI sKd ;ç pdwEf v
S ;Hk xJwiG f w½Sed ½f edS x
f íaeaom raemuHrI
rsKd ;wko
Yd nfvnf; raemESv;Hk rSjzpfuek \
f ? ukov
dk af Zm tukov
kd af Zm
wkdYonfvnf; xkdraemESvkH;rSjzpfukef\/
aZmpd w f / //aZmqkdonfum;-- tvGefjyif;xefaom
t[kef½Sdaom pdwfrsdK;wnf;/

rD;&xm;yrm ukd,fcE©m
þukd,fcE¨mBuD;onf rD;&xm;ç rD;oabFmESifh wl\/
ESvkH;tdrfonf rD;tkd;ç a&aEG;tkd;BuD;ESifh wl\/
b0ifpw
d rf sKd ;onf a&aEG;tk;d ü½Sad om yuwd a&aEG;ESihf wl\/
reodum& tm0ZÆe;f onf rD;tk;d ü½Sad om jyif;xefaomrD;ESihf
wl\/
avmbaZmça'goaZmtp½Sad om trsKd ;rsKd ;aom aZmpkonf
a&aEG; tkd;rS w[kefwnf;qlxaom a&vIdif;yGufawGESifh wl\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

155

aZmtrsKd ;rsKd ;rSjzpfaom pdwZå 0ga,mwko
Yd nf a&vIid ;f yGuf wkrYd S
yef;íxGufaom t[kefjyif;xefaom tcdk;ESifhwlukef\? ukd;&m
aomtaMumwkdYonf tckd;avQmufoGm;&m tckd;aMumif;ESifh wl
uke\
f /
t*Fg BuD;i,fwkdYonf pufBud,mESifY wlukef\/
yk*¾dKvf owå0gwkdYonfvnf;aomif; tqif;oP²mef tp½Sd
aom tm½kH 6-yg;wkdYonfvnf;aumif; &xm;\ puftkd;wkdYESifh
wluek \
f /
wPSm 6-yg;wdkYonf &xm;\ tpkd;&BuD;wdkYESifh wlukef\/
a&eH M urf ; rD ; awmuf t oG i f
pd w f b 0if
b0ifpdwfrnfonf tvGefEkHYvSaom pdwfrsdK;wnf;? þEHkYvS
aom b0if pdwfrsdK;rnfonfyif tvGefysHUESHUaom t½Sdeft0g½Sd\?
nOft
h cg wdu
k cf ef;twGi;f ü xGe;f tyfaom a&eHMurf;rD; awmufEiS hf
wl\/
wlykHum;-xdkrD;awmufrS tvGefvsifjrefaomavonf
xGu\
f ? xdak vonf rD;awmufrx
S u
G af om rD;a&mifwu
Ykd kd rD;awmuf
onfESifh wpfNydKifeuf wdkufcef;wpfckvkH;jynfhatmif jzefYjzL;\?
rD;awmufrx
S u
G af om tcd;k Murf; wdu
Yk v
kd nf; 0rf;tzdYk &iftzdw
Yk u
Ykd dk
jynfhap\/
xdt
Yk wl b0ifpw
d \
f t[keaf Mumifjh zpfaom pdwZå av onf
tvGefvsifjref\? xdkavonf pdwåZ½kyfuvmyfwdkYudk b0ifpdwf

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

156

Oyg'fonfESifh wpfNydKifeuf wpfukd,fvkH;jynfhatmif jzefYjzL;\?
xGufouf 0ifoufwnf;[laom pdwåZavMurf;wdkYudk &ifç 0rf;ESifh
tjynfhjzpfap\/
tdyfaysmfí aeqJtcgüyifvQif ukd,fcE¨m tv,fydkif;
wpfcv
k ;Hk ukd a&vdiI ;f xouJo
h Ydk <ucsv
D yI ½f mS ;apvsuf jyif;xefaom
½Ijcif;ç ½Idufjcif;ukd jzpfap\? b0ifpdwf[laom EHkYvSpGmaomBuHrI
t½Sdeft0gonfyifvQif þrQavmuf xufoef\/
jyif;xefvpS mG aom t[keEf iS w
hf uG ,rf;ykrH ;D us jzpfay:íx
aom aZm[laom tBuH"mwfBuD; t½Sdeft0gonf qdkzG,f&mr½SdNyD?
tBuHrItBuH"mwf t½Sdeft0grsdK;rnfonf þuJhokdY jyif;xef\/
aZmpd w f \ t½S d e f t [k e f j yif ; xef y k H - - rD ; &xm;ç rD ;
oabFmwdkYü xdkxdk pufcvkwfwdkYudk jyKjyifí ay;vdkufonf½Sdaomf
a&tcd;k wdo
Yk nf rd;k BuKd ;t[keu
f o
hJ Ydk xdx
k t
kd cd;k aMumif;wdu
Yk kd cPcsi;f
jynfhjzdK;wGef;a0SY wdkufcdkufum xGufMuukefouJhokdY þukd,fcE¨mü
vnf; jyKvakd om trItm;avsmpf mG pdwZå 0ga,m avrkew
f ikd ;f wdo
Yk nf
xdx
k t
kd aMumBu;D taMumi,fwu
Ykd kd t[keEf iS w
hf uG cPcsi;f jynfjh zKd ;
apMuukef\/
tm;cGefAvoefjrefvSaom a>re*g;BuD;i,fawG uçckefjrL;
wl;MuukefouJhokdY 60-aomtaMumBuD;ç 900-aom taMumi,f
wdkYonf cPcsif; t[kefESifhwuG t*FgBuD;i,fwdkYukd csD<uí
x<uuGefYjrL;Mu&ukef\? xdktaMumBuD;ç taMumi,fwdkY\ jrL;wl;
csujf zifh þuk,
d cf E¨m uk,
d t
f *Fgwd\
Yk t[keEf iS w
hf uG x<uvIy½f mS ;

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

157

oGm;jcif; vmjcif; auG;jcif; qefjY cif;tp½So
d nfwo
Ykd nf jzpfMuuke\
f /
rD;&xm;ç rD;oabFmwdüYk toHqikd &f mtaygufukd zGiv
hf pS v
f u
kd f
onf½adS omf xdq
k yl u
G af om a&[kew
f rYkd S toHEiS w
hf uG jyef;xefaom
tcdk;\ wdk;a0SU xGufoGm;jcif;jzifh OMooH jrnfonfjzpfouJhokdY
pum;pjrnf ajymqdrk nf[k aZmpdwt
f Bu"H mwfrsKd ; jzpfay:onfEiS hf
wpfNydKifeuf pum;ajymrIqdkif&m pdwåZavwdkYonfvnf;aumif;?
vnfyif;aMum ar;aMum vQmaMumwdkYonfvnf;aumif; a>re*g;
awG jrL;Muukeo
f uJo
h Ydk wpfNyKd ief uf vGev
Yf ufjrL;<u xMu&uke\
f /
&,faZmjzpfay:cJhvQif rsufESmtjyifü cPcsif; ½kyf½Tif½kyf
MunfawGtjynfh jzpfay:rIç ikdaZmjzpfay:cJhvQif rsufESmtjyifü
cPcsif; ½kyfñdI; ½kyfaemufawG tjynfhjzpfay:rIwdkYüum; nOfhtcg
rD;xGef;aom OyrmESifh wdkufqdkifí odav? rsufESmtjyifü &,f½kyf
ik½d yk af wG cPcsi;f tjynfjh zpf ay:rIwu
Ykd kd jrifojzifh 0rf;wGi;f &ifwiG ;f
vnfyif; OD;acgif;wGif; wpfcGifvkH;wdkYüvnf; xdk½kyfwdkY jynfhrIukd
odMuav/
tm½k H j yKrI vsif j ref y k H - - tm½kHjyKrI\ tvGefvsifjrefpGm
ysUH ESUH jcif;ü vnf; qdik ;f oH pnfoH tajrmufoH rd;k oH rd;k BuKd ;oHwo
Ykd nf
jzpf&mt&yfrS tvGefa0;pGmaom t&yfrsufESmwdkYukd cPcsif;
ysUH ESUH Muukeb
f o
d uJo
h v
Ydk nf;aumif;ç wdrw
f u
kd rf x
S u
G af om vQyaf &mifç
ae0ef;rSxGufaom aea&mifç v0ef;rS xGufaom va&mifwdkYonf
vsifjrefvSaom av[kef\ tpGrf;jzifh xGuf&mt&yfrS cPcsif;
aumif;uif ajrjyif wpfciG v
f ;Hk ysUH ESUH ouJo
h v
Ydk nf;aumif;? pdwaf c:
aom tBu"H mwf tod"mwfrsKd ;wdo
Yk nf aeç vç eu©wçf wm&mwdEYk iS hf

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

158

wuG rd;k wpfjyifv;Hk ajrwpfjyifv;Hk awmwpfciG v
f ;Hk awmifwpfciG v
f ;Hk
wdkYudkvnf;aumif;ç raem0dnmPfcsnf; jzpfcJhtHh? toufxufqkH;
awGUBuKH qufqí
H vmcJah om t&yfa'oXme NrKd U &Gm tm½k0H w¬Kwu
Ykd dk
vnf;aumif; cPcsif; ysHUESHUí ,lEdkif\/
tBu[
H al om yuwdpw
d "f mwfBu;D \ t½Sed t
f [kef Bu;D us,yf Hk
tcsuu
f kd t>rufrQ jyqdv
k u
kd o
f nf? bm0emudpjö zifh yGg;pD;Bu;D us,f
jcif;okaYd &mufaom wef;cd;k £'¨[
d al om tBu"H mwfrsKd ;ü qdzk ,
G rf ½SNd y/D
þtcsuu
f rkd u
l m; "mwfw\
Ykd tpGr;f ukd ESUH jym;pGm rjrifEikd Mf u
ukeo
f nf½adS omf owå0gwdüYk jzpfíaeMuaomtrIwu
Ykd kd "mwfwEYkd iS hf
tukefae&m rcsEdkifMuukefojzifh yk*¾dKvftpGrf; owå0gtpGrf;awG
xifjrifíaerIudk razsmufzsuEf ikd f ½Sad eMuuke&f maomaMumifh &dyrf ½d Hk
jyqdv
k u
kd o
f nf/
raemES v k H ; ud p ö - - avmu"r®wdkYü þraemESvkH;\tcGifh
onf tvGef w&m BuD;us,fvS\? cyfodrf;aom tvdrfrm [lorQ
wdkYonfvnf;aumif;çcyfodrf;aom trdkuftrJ [lorQwdkYonf
vnf;aumif; þraemESvkH;rS jzpfukef\/
avmutvd k yk * ¾ d K vf o wå 0 gud p ö jzpf y k H
avmutvdktm;jzifh-þraem ESvkH;onf £&d,mykxf 4yg;ukd aqmifwwf\? oGm;wwf\? &yfwwf\? xdik w
f wf\? avsmif;
wwf\? ajymwwf\? qdw
k wf\? ikw
d wf\? &,fwwf\? olUtouf
udk owfwwf\? olUOpömukd cdk;,lwwf\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

159

þokYd tp½So
d nfjzifh yk*Kd¾ vo
f wå0g\udpö [lorQonf raem
ESvkH;\ udpöcsnf;omwnf;/

raemESvkH;onf yk*¾dKvfowå0g r[kwf
apm'em&ef½Sdjyef\--oufoufaom raemuHudpörsdK;udkom raemESvkH;jyKwwfyg
onf? um,uHudpörsdK; 0pDuHudpörsdK;wdkYonfum; raemESvkH; ouf
oufESifh NyD;pD;Muonf r[kwfukef? udk,ft*Fg EIwft*FgwdkYyg½SdrS
NyD;pD;ukef\? xdkYaMumifh um,uHudpörsdK; 0pDuHudpörsdK;wdkYukdrlum;
raemESv;Hk onf rjyKwwf? yk*Kd¾ vf owå0gonfom jyKwwfygonf[k
qd&k ef½\
dS /
udk,ft*Fg EIwft*Fgpkonf odwwf BuHwwf tm;xkwfwwf
oavm[k jyefíar;&m\? ukd,ft*Fg EIwft*Fgpkonf rodwwf
rBuw
H wf tm;rxkwf wwfyg? raemESv;Hk onfom odwwf Buw
H wf
tm;xkwfwwfygonf[k qdkayvwåHU/
yk*¾dKvfowå0gqdkonfum; odwwf BuHwwf tm;xkwfwwf
onfudk qdkoavm? rodwwf rBuHwwf tm;rxkwfwwfonfudk
qdkoavm[k ar;jref;&m\/
odwwf BuHwwf tm;xkwfwwfonfudk qdkygonf[k
qdkayvwåHU/
xdt
k cg raemESv;Hk onfom yk*Kd¾ vf owå0g tppfjzpfaMumif;
onf xif½mS ;ay:í vm\? raemESv;Hk onfom oGm;wwf vmwwf
ajymwwf qdw
k wf Buw
H wf odwwf owfwwf cd;k wwfaMumif;onf

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

160

xif½Sm;ay:í vm\/
wpfenf;aomfum;-owfrIç cdk;rIrnfonf raemESvkH;\ odrI
BuHrI oufoufESifh NyD;pD;onfr[kwf? ukd,ft*Fg EIwft*FgwdkY\
vIy½f mS ;rI ya,m*vnf; yg½Srd S Ny;D pD;onfjzpfí raemESv;Hk onfvnf;
owfwwf\? ukd,ft*Fg EIwft*Fgonfvnf; owfwwf\? raem
ESv;Hk onfvnf; cd;k wwf\? uk,
d t
f *Fg EIwt
f *Fgonfvnf; cd;k wwf\?
raemESv;Hk onfvnf; yk*Kd¾ vo
f wå0gwnf;? ud,
k t
f *Fg EIwt
f *Fgonf
vnf; yk*¾dKvfowå0gyifwnf;/
vufjzifhowf&mü-raemESvkH;onfvnf; owfwwfaom
yk*¾dKvf owå0gyifwnf;? vufonfvnf; owfwwfaom yk*¾dKvf
owå0gyifwnf;? þt&mürlum; raemESvkH;ukd jyqdk&mjzpfí
raemESvkH;onf owfwwf\? cdk;wwf\[k qdkayownf;/
a½S;enf;um; raemESvkH;ukdom yk*¾dKvf owå0gtppf[k
rSwfxifolwdkY\ tvdkaywnf;/
aemufenf;um; wpfudk,fvkH;udkyif yk*¾dKvf owå0g[k
rSwfxifolwdkY\ tvdkaywnf;/
tcsKd Uolwu
Ykd m; pdwu
f o
kd m yk*Kd¾ vf owå0gtppf[k ,luek \
f /
tcsdKUolwdkYum; cE¨mig;yg;vkH;ukdyif yk*¾dKvf owå0gtppf[k
,lukef\? t,lESpfrsdK;½Sd\? þum; avmutvdkwnf;/
y&rwftvdk cE¨m 5- yg;
yg;-- y&rw¬tvdktm;jzifhrlum;-yk*¾dKvfç owå0g[lívnf; r½Sd? ESvkH;aoG;[lívnf; r½Sd? xdkae&m
Xmeü taMumif;tm;avsmfpGm jzpfMuaom cE¨m 5-yg;om½Sd\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

161

emrf c E¨ m rsm; jzpf ç ysuf ç
ajymif ; a&G U rI vsif j ref y k H
xdkcE¨m 5-yg;wdkYwGif- cufrmrI El;nHhrI zGJUap;rI ,kdpD;rI ylrI
aEG;rIpaom ½lyu©E¨mpkonfom xdkae&mü jzpfcsnf ysufcsnf
tpOftNrJ wnfae\/
emru©E¨m 4-yg;wdkYonfum; xkdae&mü jzpfay:ckdufüom
½Sdukef\? xkdESvkH;XmerSwpfyg; wpfukd,fvkH;rSm xkdxkdae&mwGif
jzpfay:í aeckdufü ESvkH;rSmr½SdMuukef/
ta&wcGiv
f ;Hk rSm xkx
d adk e&mü emru©Em¨ wkjYd zpfay:íaecku
d f
ESvkH;rSm ½lyu©E¨mwpfyg;om ½Sd\/
om;wpfukd;&mwkdYwGif xkdxdkom;wpfrSm jzpfay:íaeckdufü
ESvkH;rSm ½lyu©E¨mwpfyg;om½Sd\? taMumukd;&mwkdYwGif xkdxkd
taMumrSmç t½k;d ok;H &mwkw
Yd iG f xkx
d t
dk ½k;d rSmç 2-uka# 3-oef;aom
qHyifwkdYwGif xkdxdkqHyifjrpfrSmç 9-aomif; 9-axmifukefaom
arG;nif;wkdYwGif xkdxkdarG;nif;jrpfrSm jzpfay:í aeckduf ESvkH;ü
½lyu©Em¨ wpfyg;om½S\
d /
xkdokdYjzpfygaomfvnf; emru©E¨m 4-yg;wkdY\ jzpfrI ysufrI
jzpf&mXme a½GUrI ajymif;rI rnfonf tvGefw&m jrefvSonfjzpfí
a½S;üjyqkdcJhNyD;aom rD;a&mif aea&mif va&mif qkdif;oH pnfoH
tajrmufoH aoewfoH rkd;oH rkd;BuKd;oHwkdYuJhokdY ajcz0g;wjyifvkH;ü
tvGefusifemí aeqJrSmyif xdkusifemrIudk raemESvkH;uvnf;
tNrJodíaeonf[k rSwfxifMu&ukef\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

162

ajcz0g;wpfjyifvkH;wGifvnf; wpfokwfokwfjzpfay:íae
aom emru©Em¨ [laom emrI\ jzpf&mXmeonf tPkjrLrQ yrmP
us,fonf r[kwf? wpfokwfcsKyfuG,fNyD;rS wpfokwfjzpfay:NrJ
"r®wmwnf;? wpfokwf wpfokwf\ tMum;tMum;üvnf; emrSef;
usifrSef;odaom raemESvkH;od toD;toD; n§yfumn§yfum jzpfNrJ
"r®wmwnf;/
rn§yfcJhvQif xkdwokwf emrIukd emonf[k yk*¾dKvfod
jzpfEidk o
f nfr[kw?f ajcz0g;u emrI raemESv;Hk uodrI tpkt
H pkw
H \
Ydk
tMum;tMum;üvnf ; b0if r aem wpf o k w f w pf o k w f j cm;NrJ
"r®wmwnf;? þokdYjzpfygvsuf ajcz0g; wpfjyifvkH;onf wpfNydKif
eufyif emíaeonf? emrI wpfjyifv;Hk wpfcw
k nf; jzpfí aeonf[k
rSwfxifMu&ukef\? raemESvkH;uvnf; emrIESifh tNydKifodí
aeonf[k rSwfxifMu&ukef\/
jcm;em;½Si;f vif;pGm odjcif; jrifjcif;iSg xku
d v
f aS om tcsuBf u;D
wpfck aywnf;? wpfu,
dk v
f ;Hk ½Sd xkx
d t
dk *Fgwku
Yd dk wpfzufç raemESv;kH ukd
wpfzuf xm;í þenf;twkdif; tukefodMuav/
jrif r I ç od r I p onf u kd wpf N yd K if e uf w nf;
rS w f x if M ujcif ;
jrifrIESifh odrIrSmvnf; wpfem&D Munfh½Iíae&mü tptqkH;
wkid f jrifrv
I nf;wpfcw
k nf; rsupf u
d jrifrEI iS hf raemESv;Hk u odrv
I nf;
wpfNydKifwnf; rSwfxifMu&ukef\/
Mum;rI odrItpkHç eHrI odrItpkHç vsufrI odrItpkHwkdYüvnf;
xkdenf;twl odMuav/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

163

jrifrIESifh Mum;rIç jrifrIESifh eHrIç jrifrIESifh vsufrIç jrifrIESifh
awGUxdrIç Mum;rIESifh eHrIç Mum;rIESifh vsufrIç Mum;rIESifh awGUxdrI
ponfwkdYüvnf; NydKifonf[k rSwfxifMu&ukef\/
raemESvkH;od oufoufüvnf; 0x¬Ktm½kH trsdK;rsdK;wkdYukdyif
wpfNydKif wnf; odEkdifonf[k rSwfxifMu&ukef\? pum;ajymqkdMu
&mü tu©&mwpfv;Hk wpfv;Hk vQif aZmpdwf 7-Burd f 7-Burd f wpfow
k f
wpfokwfpD jzpf&\? tu©&mcsif;vnf; a½SUaemuf ra&mr,Suf
tmumoy&d a pä ' jcm;vsuf ½S d M u\? aZmtok w f c sif ; vnf ;
a½SUaemuf ra&mr,Suf b0ifpdwf jcm;vsuf ½Sd\? okdYjzpfygaomf
vnf; pum;vkH; wpfaomif;wpfodef;ukdyif aZmpdwfwpfckESifh
ajymqkdí aeonf[k rSwfxifMuukef\/
£&d , myk x f 4-yg;ü Asmyg& rwl M ujcif ;
pifppfrSmrlum; £&d,mykxf 4-yg;wdkYwGif--1/ oGm;rI Oóm[ Asmyg& ac:aom aZmtjcif;t&mum;
wpfrsdK;?
2/ &yfrI Oóm[ Asmyg&ac:aom aZmtjcif;t&mum;
wpfrsdK;?
3/ xdkifrI Oóm[ Asmyg&ac:aom aZmtjcif;t&mum;
wpfrsdK;?
4/ avsmif;rI Oóm[ Asmyg&ac:aom aZmtjcif;t&m
um; wpfrsdK; toD;oD;jzpfMu\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

164

Oóm[ Asmyg& rwlonfjzpfí pdwåZavwdkY\ xykH<uykH
csif;rwlMu? pdwåZavwdkY\ xykH<uykHcsif; rwlMuonfjzpfí
taMumBuD;taMumi,fwdkY\ xykH<uykHcsif;vnf; rwlMu? taMum
Bu;D taMumi,fw\
Ykd xyk<H uykcH si;f rwlMuonfjzpfí uk,
d t
f *FgBu;D
i,fwdkY\ o,fykH ydk;ykH vIyf½Sm;ykHcsif;vnf; rwlMu? olUOóm[
Asmyg&ESifh olUBud,m toD;oD;jzpfMu\? ESpfckNydKifí r&aumif;/
xdt
Yk wl oGm;rIüvnf; ajcwpfvrS ;f wpfvrS ;f vQif raemESv;Hk ü
aZmOóm[ wpfow
k w
f pfow
k pf jD zpfMu\? <uif;aom £&d,mykxf
wdkYüvnf;aumif;ç xdkxdk£&d,mykxfwGif;rSm xdkxdkukd,f t*FgvIyf
½Sm;rIwdkYüvnf;aumif; tBuH Oóm[ Asmyg& toD;oD; jzpf&rIukd
vnf; odMuav/
raemESvkH;ü jzpfay:rI 3-rsdK;/ / xdkrSwpfyg;--1/ raemESvkH;ü tukokdvf tBuHtpnf emru©E¨m 4yg;jzpf ay:rIwpfrsdK;?
2/ ukov
dk f tBut
H pnf emru©Em¨ 4-yg;jzpfay:rIwpfrsKd ;?
3/ b0if emru©E¨m 4-yg;jzpfay:rIwpfrsdK;? okH;rsdK;½Sd\/

emru©E¨mtvdkuf ESvkH;aoG;jzpfykH
b0ifemru©Em¨ 4-yg; jzpfay:qJtcgü ESv;Hk aoG;onf yuwd
eDjref; aom tqif;twdkif;yif wnf½Sd\? tukokdvfemru©E¨m 4yg; jzpfay:vmvQif ESv;Hk aoG;wpfrsKd ; ajymif;vJ\? ukov
dk f emru©Em¨
4-yg; jzpfay:vmvQif ESvkH;aoG;wpfrsdK; ajymif;vJ&\? ukokdvfjzpf
ay:cdkufrSm ESvkH;aoG;onf yuwdxuf Munfvif\? tukodkvf

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

165

jzpfay:vmcdkufrSm yuwdxuf aemufusK\/
ukov
dk af Zmwdw
Yk iG v
f nf;---o'¨gvGeu
f aJ om tvSnrhf mS 0gí
Munf\/
ynmvGefuJaom tvSnfhrSm ta&miftvufESifhwuG
Munf\/
arwåmvGefuJaom tvSnfhrSm tvGefcsrf;jrí Munf\/
avmbvG e f u J a om tvS n f h r S m yuwd x uf e D v suf
aemufusK\/
a'govGefuJaom tvSnfhrSm ñkdvsuf rnf;eufvsuf
aemufusK\/
arm[vGefuJaom tvSnfhrSm om;aq;a&uJhokdY eDajyajy
aemuf usK\/
0dwufvGefuJaom tvSnfhrSm ukvm;yJjyKwf&nfuJhokdY
ajzmhawmhaom tqif;½Sdí aemufusK\/
yDwad omreóvGeu
f aJ om tvSnrhf mS ½Tiaf omtqif; ½S\
d /
a'greó vGeu
f aJ om tvSnrhf mS ñI;d ajcmufaom tqif;½Sd
vsuf aemufusK\/
aomu y&da'0 vGeu
f aJ om tvSnrhf mS tvGeyf al vmifrnf;
npf\/
aMumufjcif; &GUjH cif; xdwv
f efjY cif;jzpfaom tvSnrhf mS tvGef
at;csrf; í cJ\/
þuJhokdY xdkaZmpdwåKyÜg'f emru©E¨mtrsdK;rsdK;wdkY tvSnfh
tvnftm;jzifh jzpfay:vmaomtcg ESvkH;aoG;trsdK;rsdK; topf

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

166

ta[mif;ajymif;vJ\/
ukd,fwGif;oEÅmefü txl;xl; taxGaxG jzpfíaeMuaom
cE¨m 5-yg;wdkY\ taxGaxG tvmvm trIoGm;wdkYudk jrifEdkifaom
ÓPfrsupf d r½SMd uukerf í
l tay:&Hjyify taygif;rQuo
dk m odjrifí
f
aeMuukefaom olwdkYrlum; pdwf0dnmPf[lonf wpfoufvkH;
tNrJwnf½Sdí aeonf[k rSwfMuukef\/
xdaYk Mumifh wpfu,
kd v
f ;Hk ü emru©Em¨ wd\
Yk jzpf&mXmeawGudk
vnf;aumif;ç jzpfqt
J cdu
k f tvSnahf wGuv
kd nf;aumif; taxGaxG
tvmvm rsm;pGma0zefí jyqdkvdkufonf/
(þum; raem0dnmPf emru©E¨mwnf;/)

raem0dnmPfemru©E¨mü 'd|dodESifh ÓPfod cJGykH
þraem0dnmPf emru©E¨m 4-yg;ü 'd|dod ÓPfodcJGykHukd
qdkaytHh/
þü 'd|dodjrifrIonf tvGefrsm;jym;vS\? tusOf;rQukd
jyqkdaytHh/
'd | d o d - - owå0g taygif;wkdYtm; rsufpdjzifhjrifí axGaxG
vmvm odMu&müvnf; yk*Kd¾ vjf rifrI owå0gjrifrI yk*Kd¾ vo
f rd I owå0g
odr[
I k xifjrif pG,
J al om ouúm,'d|d t½k;d pdu
k Bf u;D onf ½Sad eMu\/
em;jzifMh um;í ESmacgif;jzifeh í
H vQmjzifv
h suí
f uk,
d t
f *Fgjzifh
awGUí axGaxGvmvmodMu&mü yk*Kd¾ vaf wGUrI yk*Kd¾ vo
f rd I owå0godrI
[k xifjrif pJG,laom ouúm,'d|d t½kd;pkdufBuD; ½SdaeMu\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

167

raemESvkH;oufoufjzifh axGaxGvmvmBuHMuodMu&mü
yk*¾dKvfBuHrI odrI owå0gBuHrIodrI[k xifjrifpJG,laom ouúm,'d|d
t½k;d pku
d Bf u;D onf½adS e Mu\? owå0g wpfaumifv;Hk onf 'd|w
d ;Hk Bu;D
'd|dcJBuD; 'd|dya'omyifBuD; jzpfíaeMu\/
xkd 6-csufwdkYwGif a½SU 5-csufwkdYonf yÍö0dnmPfemru©E¨m
wkdY\tcef;ü yg0ifavMuukefNyD? aemufqkH;tcsufonfum;
þraem0dnmPf emru©E¨m oufoufwkdYukd yk*¾dKvf owå0gjyKí
xifjrifp,
GJ rl aI ywnf;? raem0dnmPf emru©Em¨ 4-yg;wku
Yd dk edp[
ö í
l
okc[lí twå[lí pGJvrf;rIaywnf;/
raem0d n mPf e mru© E ¨ m uk d ed p ö p onf [ l í pJ G v rf ; yk H
pJv
G rf;yku
H m;-yk*Kd¾ vf owå0g[lonf jzpfp&m ysupf &m obm0
tom; r½Sdaomýedrdwå"r®rsKd;BuD;jzpfí edpörsdK; "k0rsdK;aywnf;/
wpfb0 wpfb0wGif wpfcgjzpf wpfcgysuo
f m &So
d nfjzpfí
wpfouf wpfouf cdkifNrJaom edpörsKd; "k0rsKd;aywnf;/
½kyfcE¨mç emrfcE¨mwkdYukd yk*¾dKvf[lí owå0g[lí ig[lí
olwpfyg;[lí a,musmf ; rde;f r[lí xifjrifpv
GJ rf;rIonf xk½d yk cf E¨mç
emrfcE¨mwkdYukd edpörsdK; "k0rsdK; [lí xifjrifpJGvrf;rI jzpfav\/
edpö "k0[lonf £|rsKd ; okcrsKd ; okbrsKd ;aywnf;? tESpo
f m&
twå rsdK;yifwnf;/
raem0dnmPf emru©E¨mukd tedpöponf[lí odjrifykHBuHwwf odwwfaom yk*¾dKvf owå0g [lí r½Sd? cE¨m 5-yg; ½kyfç
emrfw&m;om ½Sd\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

168

xkdw&m;wkdYwGif ESvkH;aoG;ü½Sdaom El;nHhrI Bud,m zJGUap;
,kdpD;rIBud,m ylrIaEG;rI Bud,m yG½G vIyf½Sm;rI Bud,m tqif; teHY
t&om MoZmwkdYum; ½kyfcE¨mwkdYwnf;/ xkd½kyfcE¨mwkdYonf MuHrIrsdK;
odrIrsdK; r[kwfukef? yk*¾dKvf owå0gr[kwfukef/
A[d'¨rS tm½kHwkdufckdufvmonf½Sdaomf xkdESvkH;twGif;ü
&Hcg&Hcg raem0dnmPf emru©E¨m 4-yg;wkdYonf wpfokwfwokwf
jzpfay:ukef\? xkdemru©E¨mwkdYukd MuHrI odrI[k qkdownf;/
ESvkH;aoG;üvnf; xkdemru©E¨mwkdY\ jzpfay:&mXmeonf
wpf&mru wpfaxmifru rsm;jym;\? taMumif;tcGihf txl;oif&h m
þae&mü wpfow
k çf xkad e&müwpfow
k f jzpfay:Muuke\
f ? wpfem&D
twGi;f rSmyif jzpf&mXmeaygif; wpf&m wpfaxmifru ajymif;vJ\
tokwfaygif; wpf&m wpfaxmifru rsm;jym;\/
wpf o k w f wpf o k w f \ tMum;tMum;ü b0if r aem
toD;toD; jzpfay:íjcm;\? tokwEf pS cf k NyKd i½f ;dk r½S?d b0ifraemESihf
vnf; NydKif½dk;r&Sd? wpfokwfcsKyfqkH;rS b0ifwokwfjzpfay:\?
b0ifcsKyfqkH;rS aemufwokwf jzpfay:\/
ESvHk;aoG;rSwyg; pu©Kç aomw paom wpfudk,fvHk;rSm
xdkxdkae&mü emru©E¨m 4-yg;wdkYjzpfay:í aecdkufwdkYüvnf;;
ESv;Hk aoG;rSm b0if0n
d mPfç raem0dnmPf emru©Em¨ 4-yg;wdYk tukef
wdwd uif;íaeukef\? ½lyu©E¨m oufoufom &Sdae\/
ted p ö E S i f h r&Pab;
r&Pab;-- wokwfwokwf csKyfrI ysufrI
ukeq
f ;Hk rIwu
Ykd m; tedpv
ö u©Pm tNryJ g½Sí
d aeukeaf om xkd emru©Em¨
4-yg;wko
Yd nf tedprö sK;d pifppfwo
Ydk mwnf;? tedpv
ö u©Pm [lonf

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

169

r&Pab;BuD; tppfwnf;/
'k u © r sKd ;-- r&Pab;BuD; cPrpJ tNrJuyfwkdufí aeukef
aom xked mru©Em¨ 4-yg;wko
Yd nf ig[lívnf;aumif;ç ig\ Opöm[lí
vnf;aumif; odrf;ydkuf0Hhp&mr½Sd? aMumufrufzG,f twdjzpfaom
'ku©rsKd; pifppfwkdYomwnf;/
tewårsKd;-- rsufawmifwpfcwfrQckdifjrJ\[k pdwfcs&aom
tESpf om&rsKd; r[kwfMuukefaomaMumifh yk*¾Kdvfowå0g\ trmcH
tESpfom& twår[kwfaom tewårsKd; pifppfwkdYomwnf;/
yk*¾Kdvfowå0g\ tESpfom&rSefcJhvQif yk*¾Kdvfowå0g touf
½Sno
f rQ ckid jf r&J rnf? wpfb0wGif wpfcgjzpfwpfcgaoom ½S&d rnf?
xdo
k u
Ykd m; r[kw?f emru©Em¨ 4-yg;wko
Yd nfum; wpfem&DtwGi;f rSmyif
tcgwpf&mru aoqk;H Muuke\
f ? yk*K¾ v
d Ef iS hf wpfvrf;pD aeMuuke\
f /
xkaYd Mumifh emru©Em¨ 4-yg;wko
Yd nf yk*K¾ v
d o
f wå0g\ txnfcH
trmcH [laom twår[kwfukef? yk*¾Kdvf\ ukd,fr[kwf? owå0g\
ukd,fr[kwf? yk*¾Kdvfowå0g\ ukd,f[kwfcJhvQif yk*¾Kdvf owå0g
aoqkH;rS aoqkH;Mu&vdrfhrnf/
þokaYd om odjcif; jrifjcif;onfum; xked mru©Em¨ 4-yg;wku
Yd dk
tedpö[lí 'ku©[lí tewå[líodjcif; jrifjcif;aywnf;/
þrSaemufü 13-&yfaom tqpftykdif;wkdYukd qufvufí
odMuav/
pdwft&om BuD;us,fykH-- t&omü pdwft&om raem
t&omrnfonf tvGefw&m BuD;us,f\? aZmpdwf aZmraem

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

170

aZm0dnmPfw\
Ydk t&omukd rqkx
d m;bdO;D ? tdyaf ysmrf [
I al om b0if
raem\ t&omonfyifvQif tvGefom,mzG,f cHpm;zG,fBuD;
wpfyg; jzpf\/
ed ' ´ g &mrwm wPS m -- pm;aomufí rNrdefr½Suf½SdcJhvQif
pdwpf uf rMunfrcsr;f ½SMd uuke\
f ? pm;aomufí rNred rf ½Su½f cdS v
hJ Qif
pdwfpufrMunf rcsrf;½SdouJhokdY tdyfpufí rNcdKufrNrdKuf ½SdcJhvQif
pdwpf uf rMunfrcsr;f ½SMd uuke\
f ? ttdyyf surf nf tpm;taomuf
ysufrnfukd tvkdr½SdMu? ttdyfysufrcHEkdif tpm;ysufrcHEkdif ½Sdae
Mu\? tdyfpufrI[laom b0ifraem t&omü om,maom
wPSmonf ed'´g&mrwm wPSmrnf\/
"r® t EÅ & m,f B uD ; -- þomoemawmfü aAm"dyu©d,"r®
tpD; tyGg;onf txGwftjrwf jzpf\? owå0gwkdY tdyfMu&m
qdwNf ird af om nOfeh m&Dpo
k nf aAm"dyu©,
d bm0empD;yGg;ukd tm;xkwf
Mu&m NrdKUtv,f ½Gmtv,füyif awmtoGifuJhokdY txl;oifh
avsmfvSaom tcgjzpf\/
,cktcg omoem*kP
d ;f 0if vl½iS t
f aygif;wkt
Yd m; ed'g´ &mrwm
tayguf½adS eMuonft
h wGuf xkt
d csed ef m&DawGudk tdyrf EI iS hf jzKe;f í
ypfMuukef\? "r®tEÅ&m,fBuD;wpfyg; jzpf\? aZmraemt&omukd
tjrv
J u
dk pf m;Muuke\
f ? rdrd rdrw
d Ydk pdwaf ysm&f m tm½k0H w¬KtrIupd Eö iS hf
ae&rS aeEkdifMuukef\?

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

171

aZmpdwft&omü om,maom wPSmtrsKd;rsKd;
aZmraemt&omwk d Y ü om,maom wPS m onf u m;
ur®m&mrwm wPSmç bóm&mrwm wPSmç o*FPdum&mrwm
wPSm ponfjzifh tvGef rsm;\/
ur® m &mrwm wPS m -- y&d,wåd y#dywåd aAm"dyu©d,
pD;yGg;wkdYrS tyjzpfaom vkyfMuHrIwkdYukd rpGefYEkdifaom wPSmonf
ur®m&mrwm rnf\/
bóm&mrwm wPS m -- taygif;tazmfwkdYESifh pum;
ajymqkdrIukd rpGefYEkdifaom wPSmonf bóm&mrwm rnf\/
o*FPdum&mrwm wPSm-- tazmfESifhuif;í qdwfNidrf
&mXmeü wpfukd,fa&wpfum, raeEkdifaomwPSmonf o*FPd
um&mrwm rnf\/
aAm"dyu©d,pD;yGg;ukd vGefpGm zsufqD;Ekdifaom "r®EÅ&m,fBuD;
wkdYaywnf;? acG;ç usD;ç vif;w Oyrm? ElemBuD; Oyrmukdvnf;
xkdufonfhtm;avsmfpGm odMuav/
jzpfrIysufrIESifhwuG
raem0dnmPfemru©E¨m 4-yg;wkdYukd jyqkdcef;NyD;\/
'd|dESifh ÓPfodcGJykH NyD;\/
------- Ä -------

0dnmPf 6-jzmemru©E¨m 4-yg;wkdY ukd,fcE¨mü jzpfaeykH
,cktcg 0dnmPf 6-jzm cE¨m 4-yg;wk\
Yd þuk,
d cf E¨mü jzpfí
aeykHukd Oyrmjzifh xifom jrifomatmif jyOD;thH/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

172

rD;"mwf½kyfBuD; Oyrm-- avmu"mwfynmjzifh vkyfMuHí
xm;tyfaom rD;"mwf½kyfBuD; wckonf ½Sd&m\? vl\tqif;
vl\o@mefESifh tvkH;pkH tukefwl\? zvfrSefuJhokdY tvGefMunf
vif\? twGif;tjyif tukefjrif&\? avovyfonf½Sdaomf
avxd&mt&yfü rD;jzpfay:\? rD;awmuf r[kwf? "mwfaq;om;
ESifhpGJaom rD;cJrsKd;aywnf;/
avjywfpJjyefvQif jzpfay:aom rD;vnf; aoaysmuf\?
ajcz0g; wjyifvkH;ukd avovyfcJhvQif ajcz0g;wpfjyifvkH; rD;
tjynfhjzpfay:\? avjywfcJhvQif rD;tm;vkH; aoaysmuf\?
wpfaumifvkH; avtukefovyfcJhvQif wpfaumifvkH;tjynfh
wpfNydKifeuf rD;jzpfay:\? wpfaumifvkH; rD;cJBuD; xifjrif&\?
avjywfpJcJhvQif jywfpJonfESifh wpfNydKifeuf uG,faysmuf\?
aq;om; yuwdtwdkif; usef½Sd\? aq;om;um; rD;uRrf;Ekdifaom
tom; r[kwf/
a&xJreS x
f üJ ay:aom ae0ef;v0ef;&dyo
f nf a&ESihf rSeEf iS hf
jzpftwl ysuftwl a&m,Sufjcif; r½SdouJhokdY aq;om;ay: aq;
om;wGif;ü jzpfay:aom rD;onfvnf; aq;om;ESifh jzpftwl
ysuftwla&m,Sufjcif;r½Sd? xkdrD;tqif;um; tvGefpifMu,faom
jy'g;tqif;uJhokdY wvufvuf ½Sd\? ausmufukef;wjyifvkH;
avovyfcJhvQif ausmufukef;wjyifvkH; wpfNydKifeuf tjzLjzpfí
oGm;\? avjywfpJjyefvQif rD;uG,faysmufí aq;om; yuwd
twkdif; ½Sdjyef\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

173

xkd"mwf½kyfBuD;ukd xdckdufí twGif;wpfcGifvkH; vIyf½Sm;jyef
vQif twGi;f "mwfom;csi;f xdcu
dk Mf uí vIy½f mS ;orQ Xmetukev
f ;Hk
rD;tjynfh jzpfay:\? wdrfwkdufwGif;rSm vQyfa&mifw0if;0if;
wvufwvuf w½Sdef½Sdef xouJhokdY "mwf½kyfBuD;twGif;rSm xkdrD;
w0if;0if; wvufvuf w½dSef½Sdefjzpfay:\? vIyf½Sm;rI ajyausmuf
Nidrf;jyefvQif xkdrD;uG,faysmufjyef\/
ESvkH;aoG;ae&müum; rD;onf xkdxkdae&mü wvufvufrpJ
jzpfay:í ae\? jzpfay:csnf jrKyu
f ,
G cf snf tpOfrjywfaeonfudk
wvufvuf qko
d nf? wpfjcm;wpfyg;aom ae&mwküYd rD;jzpfay:í
aeqJtcgrSm ESvkH;aoG;ü rD;jywfpJ\/
owå0gwkdY\ ukd,fcE¨m wpfckvkH;ü ta&ay: ta&wGif;
tom;ay: tom;wGif; taMumay: taMumwGif; t½kd;ay:
t½kd;wGif; OD;aPSmufwGif; ttltwGif; tonf;wGif; ESvkH;wGif;
tqkww
f iG ;f wküYd emru©Em¨ 4-yg; tvSnhf tvnftm;jzifh rjywfrpJ
tNrJjzpfay:íaeykHç jzpf&mjzpf&mXmeüyif csKyfysuf uG,faysmufí
aeykHukd xifom jrifom½Sdatmif MuHaqmifí jyvkdufaom Oyrm
aywnf;/
tytm½k H 6-yg;onf tyüxvwf a om ta½S U av
taemufav awmifav ajrmufav t&yfav;ckESifhwl\/
vIyf½Sm;rI anmif;rI nmrI ponfjzpfaomtcgü twGif;
azm|AÁ xdcdkufrIonf twGif;aq;om;csif; xdcdkufrIESifhwl\/
þud k , f c E¨ m twG i f ; rS m b,f a e&mu vI y f ½ S m ;onf [ k
od&vQiyf if xdak e&mü emru©Em¨ 4-yg;jzpf ay:Ny[
D rk w
S ?f emru©Em¨

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

174

ray:cJhvQif xdkae&mwpfckvkH; jywfa<uíyif oGm;aomfvnf;
xdt
k cg rodEikd ?f OD;acgif;wpfcv
k ;Hk vIyí
f oGm;onf[k odvu
kd af om
tcgü OD;acgif;wpfcv
k ;Hk emru©Em¨ awG tjynfjh zpfay:í oGm;onf
[krw
S /f
&ifwpfckvkH; vIyfíoGm;onf[k odvdkufaomtcgü &if
wpfckvkH; vQyfppfjyufouJhokdY emru©E¨mawG tjynfhjzpfay:í
oGm;onf[krSwf? wpfudk,fvkH;vIyfonf[k odvdkufaomtcgü
twGif;ty wpfudk,fvkH;rSm vQyfppfjyufouJhokdY emru©E¨mawG
tjynfhjzpfay:í oGm;onf[krSwfav/
wpfu,
kd v
f ;Hk rSm xdx
k akd e&mwdüYk emru©Em¨ 4-yg;wdYk jzpfay:í
aeqJtcgrSm ESvkH;aoG;ü raem0dnmPf emru©E¨m 4-yg;wdkY
jywfpJuG,f aysmufí aeNrJ"r®wmwnf;/
wpfudk,fvkH;rSm xdkxdkae&mwdkYü emru©E¨m 4-yg;wdkY wokwf
wokwf tcsKyftqkH;wGif ESvkH;ü emru©E¨m 4-yg; ñ§yfumñ§yfum
jzpfay:NrJ "r®wmaywnf;/
wpfa,mufaom owå0g\ cE¨mü emru©E¨mwdkYrnfonf
ESpfXme NydKifí jzpf½kd; r½Sd? wpfXmeü csKyfNyD;rS wpfXmejzpfay:NrJ
wnf;/
udk,fcE¨mü 24-ypönf;wyfjcif;-- 24-ypönf;wGif ]]teEÅ&
ypöa,mç oreEÅ& ypöa,mç ew¬d ypöa,mç 0d*w ypöa,m}}[laom
av;yg;aom ypön;f wdo
Yk nf wpfa,mufaom owå0gwGif emrfw&m;
wdkY ESpfXme NydKifíjzpfjcif; r½SdonfudkqdkcJhaom ypönf;wdkYwnf;/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

175

0d y Ü , k w å y pö n f ; -- emru©E¨m 4-yg;wdkYonf ta&wGif;
tom;wGif; taMumwGif; t½kd;wGif; OD;aPSmufwGif; tqkwf wGif;
tonf;wGif; ESvkH;om;wGif; ESvkH;aoG;wGif;wdkYü w0if;0if;
wvufvuf rpJjzpfay:í aeMuukefaomfvnf; ½kyfcE¨mwdkYESifh
a&m,SuNf iw
d ,
G jf cif; r½SMd uukeo
f nfukd ]]0dy,
Ü w
k yå pön;f }} qdo
k wnf;/
tm&r® P ypö n f ; -- "mwf½kyfBuD;udk tyü avovyfrIç
twGi;f ü "mwfom;csi;f Buw
d rf ½I rdS o
S mvQif "mwfr;D jzpfay: Edik o
f uJh
okdY tm½kH 6-yg; xdcdkufrI½SdrSom xdcdkuf&mXmeü 0dnmPf 6-yg;
emru©E¨m 4-yg;wdkY jzpfay:EdkifMuonfudk ]]tm&r®Pypönf;}} qdk
ownf;/
t"dywdypönf;-- txl;tm;jzifh cifrifMuaom tm½kHrsdK;udk
]]t"dywdypönf;}} qdkownf;/
a[wk y pö n f ; -- avmbç a'goç arm[ç tavmbç
ta'goç tarm[wdkY\ ½kyfç emrfcE¨mwdkYtm; tjrpfrlv udpöjzifh
aus;Zl;jyKrIukd ]]a[wkypönf;}} qdkownf;/
o[Zmwç tnrnypönf;-- cufrmrI zGJUap;rI ylrI at;rI
tp½Sdaom ½kyfcE¨mvQif ½kyfcE¨mcsif;ç odrI cHpm;rI rSwfrI aphaqmfrI
tp½Sdaom emrfcE¨mvQif emrfcE¨mcsif; NydKif;ceJ NydKif;ceJ twlwuG
jzpfay:Muonfukd ]]o[Zmwypön;f ç tnrnypön;f }} qdo
k wnf;/
edó,ypönf;-- ½kyfvQif½kyfcsif; emrfvQifemrfcsif; rSDMu&
onfudkvnf;aumif;? emru©E¨mwdkYonf ½kyfcE¨mwdkYü rSDMu&onf

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

176

udkvnf;aumif; ]]edó,ypönf;}} qdkownf;/
Oyedó,ypönf;-- trdaus;Zl; tzaus;Zl; om;aus;Zl;
orD; aus;Zl; tdrfaus;Zl; ,maus;Zl; EGm;aus;Zl; uRJaus;Zl;
ajraus;Zl; a&aus;Zl; rD;aus;Zl; xif;aus;Zl; rd;k aus;Zl; avaus;Zl;
awmaus;Zl; awmifaus;Zl; bk&m;aus;Zl; w&m;aus;Zl; oHCm
aus;Zl; q&morm;aus;Zl; tp½Sdaom avmuÓPf½SdorQ odjrif
Muaom avmuü aus;Zl;Bu;D ç i,fteEÅwu
Ykd kd ]]Oyedó,ypön;f }}
qdo
k wnf;/
yka&Zmwypönf;-- ESvkH;aoG;ü jzpfay:Muaom emru©E¨m
4-yg;wdYk onfum; twdwf tem*wf jzpfaom a½S;a½S; aESmif;aESmif;
tm½kHwkdYukdvnf;aumif;ç rdrdwkdYESifh tNydKifjzpfay:aom tm½kH
wkdYukdvnf;aumif; tpGJjyKí jzpfay:EkdifMuukef\/
ESvkH;aoG;rSwpfyg; pu©Kç aomwtp½Sdaom wpfukd,fvkH;
wpfaumif vk;H üjzpfay:Muukeaf om emru©Em¨ 4-yg;wko
Yd nfru
l m;
xko
d rYdk [kwMf uuke?f pu©Kç aomwtp½Sad om uk,
d t
f *FgwküYd tqif;ç
toHtp½Sdaom ypöKyÜef tm½kHwkdY\ ckdufrIç wkdufrIukd tpJGjyKíom
jzpfay:EkdifMuukef\? ckdufwkdufvmaom ypöKyÜeftm½kHwkdYukdom
tm½kHjyKEkdifMuukef\? tm½kHwkdYu jzpfay:rI twefi,f a½SUusvsuf
tvsifwiful;í vIHUaqmfMu&ukef\? þokdYaom aus;Zl;ukd
]]yka&Zmwypönf;}} qkdownf;/
ypämZmwypönf;-- a½S;a½S;wiful;í aygufa&mufNyD;aom
jrufopfyifwkdYtm; BuD;yGm;jcif;iSg aemufaemuf &GmoGef;aom

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

177

rdk;a&onf aus;Zl;jyKouJhodkY a½S;a½S; wiful;í jzpfay:ESifhMu
ukefaom ½kyfcE©mwkdYtm; xufoefMuapjcif;iSg aemufaemufü
wpfokwf wpfokwfjzpfay:Muukefaom emru©E¨m 4-yg;wkdYonf
aus;Zl;jyKMuayukef\? þokdYaom aus;Zl;ukd ]]ypämZmwypönf;}}
qko
d wnf;/
tmao0eypö n f ; -- puf u d & d , mwk d Y o nf tqif h q if h
tm;ay;Muukef ouJhokdY aemufaemufaom aZmemru©E¨mwkdYtm;
a½S;a½S;aom aZm emru©Em¨ wko
Yd nf tqifq
h ifh tm;ay;Muuke\
f ?
þokdYaom tm;ay;rIukd ]]tmao0eypönf;}}qkdownf;/
ur® y pö n f ; -- a½S;üocFg&u©E¨mtcef;wGif jyqkdcJhNyD;aom
apwem\ pdwfukd &yfwnfr&atmif aphaqmfrI vIHYaqmfrI tyl
tjyif;wkdufwGef;rIukd ]]ur®ypönf;}}qkdownf;/
ok*wdbb
Hk 0okaYd &mufí vljzpf&rI ewfjzpf&rI jA[®mjzpf&rI
csrf;om okH;yg;ukd cHpm; pHpm;Mu&rI 'k*¾wdb0okdYa&mufí tyg,f
owå0gjzpf&rI tyg,f'u
k © 4-yg;ukd cHpm;Mu&rIuv
dk nf;]]ur®ypön;f
}}[kqo
kd wnf;/
0dyguypönf;-- tdyfaysmfí aepOftcgü b0ifraemwkdY\
NidrfoufrIukd ]]0dyguypönf;}}qkdownf;/
tm[m&ypö n f ; -- aeYpOfrsdKtyfaom xrif;tpmwkdY\
wpfb0 wpfb0ü ½kyfcE¨mBuD;ukd ckdifNrJatmif axmufyHhrIç pdwf
zó apwemwkdY\ terw*¾oHo&mü emrfcE¨mtpOfukd ckdifNrJ

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

178

atmif axmufyHhrIonf ]]tm[m&ypönf;}}rnf\/
£`E´d,ypönf;-- pu©K½kyfonf pu©K0dnmPf emru©E¨m 4yg;wkdYukd tpkd;&\? xkdcE¨m 4-yg;wkdYonf pu©K½kyf EkHYaES;vQif
EkHYaES;&ukef\? rsufpdtjrif rMunfrvifjzpf&\? pu©K½kyf xuf
oefvQif xufoefMu&ukef\? rsufpdtjrifMunfvif\? vlwkdY\
pu©K½kyf xufoefonfxuf ewfwkdY\pu©K½kyfonf xufoef\?
xkdYaMumifh tjrifcE¨mwkdYonf opfyifç awmç awmifç ajrç a&ukd
azmufxGif;íjrifMuukef\/
aomw½kyfç Cme½kyfç Zd0Sg½kyfç um,½kyfwkdYüvnf; olU
0dnmPfESifhol qkdav/
ZD0dw pdwfç a0'emç o'¨gç 0D&d,ç owdç orm"dç ynmwkdY
onf emru©Em¨ 4-yg;wku
Yd dk toD;toD; tpk;d &Muuke\
f ? rdrw
d u
Ydk pd üö
rdrdwkdYEkHYvQif EkHYMu&ukef\? xufvQif xufMu&ukef\/
½kyfZD0dwonf ur®Z½kyfwkdYukd tpdk;&\? ZD0dwEkHYvQif
EkMYH u&uke\
f ? toufw\
dk ? ZD0w
d xufoefvQif xufoefMuuke\
f ?
touf½n
S \
f ? þokaYd om tpd;k &rIudk ]]£`E,
d´ ypön;f }} qko
d wnf;/
psmeypönf;-- 0dwufç 0dpm&ç yDwçd a0'emç {u*¾wmwk\
Yd
emru©Em¨ wku
Yd dk tm½küH pl;pl;pku
d pf u
dk f aeEkid Mf uatmif aus;Zl;jyKro
I nf
]]psmeypönf;}} rnf\/
aoewfjzifh iSufukdypf&mü þpsmeypönf; rygvQif ½G,fyif
r½G,Ef idk /f

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

179

r*¾ y pö n f ;-- ynmç 0dwufç 0d&wDokH;ckç 0D&d,ç yDwdç owdç
{u*¾wmç 'd|dwkdY\ emru©E¨m 4-yg;ukd um,uH 0pDuH raemuH
ajrmufaMumif;ç 'k*w
¾ d ok*wd edAmÁ efoYdk aygufa&mufaMumif;tjzpf
jzifh aus;Zl;jyKrIonf ]]r*¾ypönf;}}rnf\/
orÜ , k w å y pö n f ; -- emru© E ¨ m 4-yg;wk d Y \ jzpf t wl
ysuftwl ,SOfzufrI onf ]]orÜ,kwåypönf;}}rnf\/
0dyÜ,kwåypönf;ukd jyqkdcJhNyD/
tw¬ d t0d * wypö n f ; -- jyqkdcJhNyD;aom ypönf;taygif;
wkdYwGif tusKd;jzpfaom ypö,kyÜefw&m;wkdYESifh cPypöKyÜeftNydKif
&aumif;aom o[Zmwypönf; yka&Zmwypönf; ponfukdyif
]]tw¬dypönf;}} ]]t0d*wypönf;}} qkdonf/
tedpömEkyóemÓPf NyD;\/
------- Ä -------

vu©Pma&; 3-yg;
1/- (u)
(c)
(*)
2/- (u)
(c)
(*)

edpöedrdwf
tedpövu©Pm
tedpö0dyóem
okcedrdwf
'ku©vu©Pm
'ku©0dyóem

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

180

3/- (u) twåedrdwf
(c) twåvu©Pm
(*) twå0dyóem

edpöedrdwf jyqkdcsuf
]]edpöedrdwfç tedpövu©Pmç tedpö0dyóem}} [laom
yXrokH;csufüed p ö e d r d w f - - edpöedrdwfqkdonfum;-- cE¨m 5-yg;wkdY\
edpöt&dyf a&mifBuD;aywnf;? tedpötcsufukd ÓPftjrif rayguf
ukefaomolwkdYonf t&dyfta&mifBuD;ukd tpGJjyKí cE¨m 5-yg;
½kyfemrfw&m;wkdYukd edpö[k rSwfxifpGJvrf;Muukef\/
edrdwf 2-yg;/ //xkdt&dyfa&mifBuD;onf--1/ oP²meedrdwf
2/ oEÅwdedrdwf-[lí ESpfyg;½Sd\/
oP²meedrdwf-- y&rmPkjrL tPkjrLwkrYd pS í jrif;rk&d f awmif
yrmPwkdifatmif avmuü tBuD;ti,f t½Snf twkd t0ef;
tvsm; tyg;txl tp½Sdonfjzifh xifjrifíaeMuaom txnf
0w¬K j'AffoP²mef [lorQonf oP²meedrdwf rnf\/
oEÅwdedrdwf 2-rsKd;/ / oEÅwdonf--1/ umvoEÅwd
2/ XmeoEÅwd-[lí ESpfyg;½Sd\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

181

tPk j rKpaom 0w¬ K j'Af ruG , f r ysuf r l í cPrsm;pG m
wnfae\[k xifjrifMu&onfum; umvoEÅwdwnf;/
XmeoEÅ w d e d r d w f - - þ0w¬Konf vIyf\? ½Sm;\? a½GU\?
ajymif;\? þae&mrS xkdae&mokdY a&muf\? xkdae&mrS þae&mokdY
a&muf\[k xifjrifMu&onfum; XmeoEÅwdwnf;/
þ oP²meedrdwf oEÅwdedrdwfESpfyg;onf edpöedrdwfrnf\/
oP²meedrdwfrS edpöedrdwftrsKd;rsKd; jzpfykH-- þedrdwfESpfyg;

wkdYrS yGg;aom edpöedrdwfwkdYonfum;--yk*¾dKvf owå0g[laom edpöedrdwfç
ig olwpfyg; a,musfm; rdef;r[laom edpö edrdwfç
yk*¾Kdvf owå0g\ t*FgBuD;i,f[laom edpöedrdwfç
þedrdwfwkdYum; oP²meedrdwfwkdYrS yGg;ukef\/
oEÅ w d e d r d w f r S j zpf y G m ;aom ed p ö e d r d w f
yk*¾dKvf owå0g t*Fg BuD; i,fwdkY\ cP rsm;pGm wnfaerIç
vIyjf cif; ½Sm;jcif; oGm;jcif; vmjcif; ajymjcif; qkjd cif; BujH cif; odjcif;
Munfhjcif; ½Ijcif;tp½Sdaom ud&d,mAsmyg& edpöedrdwfwdkYonfum;
oEÅwdedrdwfrSjzpfyGm;ukef\/
þpum;ü vIyfjcif; ½Sm;jcif;qdkonfum; avmuü odjrif
ac:a0: aeMuaom vIyfjcif; ½Sm;jcif;ukd qkdonf/
BujH cif; odjcif; Munfjh cif; ½Ijcif; ponfwüYdk vnf;-- olBuo
H nf
igMuH onf olodonf igodonf[k xifjrif ajymqkdí aeMuaom
MuHrIodrI ponfwkdYonfvnf; t&mtaxmifruaom ½kyftquf

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

182

quf emrftqufqufwkdYukd wpfckwpfckjyKíodjrif ac:a0:rI
jzpfaomaMumifh oEÅwdedrdwf wkdYyifwnf;/
ed p ö e d r d w f r S yG m ;yk H - - vltrsdK;rsdK;ç ewftrsKd;rsdK;ç jA[®m
trsKd ;rsKd ;ç wd&pämeftrsKd ;rsKd ;ç Nyw
d må trsKd ;rsKd ; tp½Su
d ek af om edpeö rd w
d rf sKd ;
teEÅwkdYonfum; yk*¾dKvf owå0g[laom edpöedrdwfrS yGg;ukef\/
uk,
d t
f *Fg OD;acgif;t*Fg ajct*Fg vuft*Fg[laom t*FgBu;D ç
OD;xdyf t*Fg ezl;t*Fg rsuv
f ;Hk t*Fg em;t*Fg ESmacgif;t*Fg cHwiG ;f t*Fg
tp½Sad om t*Fgvwfç t*Fgi,fwo
Ydk nfvnf;aumif;? qHyif arG;nif;
ajconf; vufonf; oGm; ta& tom; taMum t½kd; tp½Sdukef
aom aum|mot*Fgwko
Yd nfvnf;aumif; yk*Kd¾ vo
f wå0g\ t*Fg[l
aom edpöedrdwfrS jym;ukef\/
oEÅwdedrdwfrS yGm;ykH-- cyfodrf;aom ud&d,m trlt&m
tjcif;t&mwkdYonf oEÅwdedrdwfrS jym;ukef\/
rsufawmifcwfjcif; touf½SLjcif; t*FgBuD; i,fwkdY\
vIyf½Sm;jcif;[laom ukd,ft*Fg trlt&mwkdYonfvnf;aumif;ç
ar;vIyfjcif; EIwfcrf;vIyfjcif; vQmvIyfjcif; ajymjcif; qkdjcif;
NyHK;&,fjcif;tp½Sdaom EIwft*Fg trlt&mwkdYonfvnf;aumif;ç
wl½lMunfhjcif; apmif;í iJhíMunfhjcif; tp½Sdukefaom trlt&mwkdY
onfvnf;aumif; oEÅwdedrdwfrS yGg;ukef\/
þpum;ü yk*¾dKvf owå0g\ trlt&m ud&d,m[lorQonf
j'Af oP²mefrsdK;r[kwf? a½GU½Sm;rIrsKd;jzpfí oEÅwdedrdwfqkdownf;/
þum; edpöedrdwfukd jyqkdcsufwnf;/
-------- Ä --------

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

183

tedpövu©Pmukd jyqkdcsuf
tedpörnfykH-- tedpv
ö u©Pm[l&mü tedpçö tedpö vu©Pm
ESpfyg;ukd od&m\/
tedpo
ö nfum; cufrmrIu&d ,
d m zGUJ ap;rIu&d ,
d m tp½Sad om
½kyf cE¨m? rsufpd\jrifrI em;\Mum;rI ESmacgif;\eHrI vQm\vsufrI
ajcz0g;paom uk,
d t
f *Fgwk\
Yd awGUrI raemESv;Hk odrI cHpm;rI rSwrf I
aphaqmfrI[laom emrfcE¨m? þ½kyfcE¨m emrfcE¨m w&m;wkdYonf
rjrJwwfaomaMumifh tedpö rnfukef\/
tedpövu©Pm-- tedpv
ö u©Pm[lonfum;-- xk½d yk cf E¨m
emrf cE¨mwkdY\ cPrpJ jzpfay:jcif;ç cPrpJysuf qkH;jcif;[laom
rjrjJ cif; ud&,
d mwko
Yd nf xk½d yk cf E¨m emrfcE¨mwku
Yd dk þ w&m;wku
Yd m;
tedpöpifppfwkdYwnf;[lí rkcsqkH;jzwfaMumif;jzpfaomaMumifh
tedpövu©Pm rnfukef\? jzpfay:jcif; ysufqkH;jcif; ESpfyg;wkdYwGif
ysufqkH; jcif;onfom tedpövu©Pm tppfwnf;/
cufrmjcif; ud&d,m\ cPrpJ ysufqkH;jcif;ud&d,mukd
jrifojzifh cufrmjcif;ud&d,monf tedpörsKd; pifppf[k rkcsodEkdif
qkH;jzwfEkdif\ [lvkdonf/
oP² m eed r d w f uG , f a ysmuf y k H - - xkdwGif cufrmjcif;
ud&d,mtp½Sdaom rjrJwwfaom ½kyfcE¨m emrf cE¨mwkdYukd tjrif
aygufco
hJ nf½adS omf oP²meedrw
d f edpö toku
d t
f tkw
H o
Ydk nf ÓPfü
uG,faysmuf&ukef\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

184

½k y f c E¨ m ü oP² m eed r d w f u G , f a ysmuf a tmif ½ I y k H - þonfum; tPkjrLwpfcak ywnf; [k {uef½dS rSwx
f ifí ae&mü
xkdtPkjrL oP²meftwGif;rSm cufrmrI ud&d,mtrsm;ç zGJUap;rI
ud&d,mtrsm;ç ylrI at;rI ud&d,mtrsm;ç awmifhwif;rI ud&d,m
trsm;wku
Yd dk jrifívmonf½adS omf tPkjrLvnf;r[kw?f tpkvnf;
r[kwf? ½kyfcE¨m tpktcJ taygif;tpnf;wpfckom trSefjzpf\[k
odjrifívm\/
jrif;rkd&fawmifBuD;wpfck[k {uef½Sd rSwfxifí ae&mü
xkjd rif;rk&d af wmif Bu;D rSm cufrmrIawG toacsF toacsçF zGUJ ap;rIawG
toacsF toacsFponfwkdYukd tjrifaygufcJhonf½Sdaomf jrif;rkd&f
awmifvnf;r[kwf? tpkvnf; r[kwf? ½kyfpk½kyfcJawG toacsF
toacsF aygif;pkíaeaom ½kyw
f ;Hk ½kycf BJ u;D wpfco
k m trSejf zpfonf
[k odjrifívm\/
cyford ;f aom vloP²mef ewfoP²mef jA[®moP²mef ponf
wkdYüvnf;aumif;ç ukd,foP²mef OD;acgif; ajcvufoP²mef
qHyifoP²mef arG;nif; oP²mef ponfwüYdk vnf;aumif; xked nf;wl
odavjrifav/
þokdY tjrifaygufcJhonf½Sdaomf vlUavmu ewfavmu
jA[®mah vmuwküYd ½Sad eorQuek af om ouf½o
dS ufrhJ 0w¬Kj'AfoP²mef
wko
Yd nf ajrç a&ç rD;ç av[laom "mwfBu;D av;ckom jzpf\? tqif;
toHtp½Sad om Oyg'g ½kyaf o;pkudk "mwfBu;D 4-ckü twGi;f 0ifjyKí
qkdonf? vltrsKd;rsKd; ewftrsKd;rsKd; jA[®mtrsKd;rsKd; t*FgBuD;i,f
trsK;d rsK;d wko
Yd nf ÓPfü tukeu
f ,
G af ysmufMuavuke\
f ? Oyg'g½kyf

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

185

ao;pkukd "mwfBuD; 4-ckü twGif;0if jyKownf;/
þum; ½kyfcE¨m[laom tedpö"r®wkdYukd tjrifaygufcJhonf½Sd
aomf oP²meedrdwf teEÅwkdY uG,faysmufykHwnf;/
cufrmrI zGJUap;rI ylrI at;rI awmifhwif;rI[laom ½kyfcE¨m
wku
Yd dk ÓPftjrif ½Si;f vif;cJo
h nf½adS omf xk½d yk cf E¨mwkEYd iS hf a&m,Suf
jcif;r½SMd uukerf í
l xk½d yk cf E¨mwk\
Yd twGi;f ü tm½kx
H cd u
dk &f mXmewküYd
wzGm;zGm; jzpfay:í aeMuukefaom jrifrI Mum;rI tp½Sdaom emrf
cE¨mwkdYukdvnf; toD;tjcm; jyKí jrifEkdifMuukefvwåHU/
edpöedrdwf uG,faysmufykH-- ]]0dyÜ,kwå ypöa,m}} [laom
ygVdawmf ESit
hf nD-½kycf E¨m emrfcE¨m jcm;em;í jrifMuukeo
f nf½adS omf
yk*K¾ v
d f jrifonf owå0gjrifonf? yk*K¾ v
d Mf um;onf owå0gMum;onf?
yk*¾KdvfeHonf owå0g eHonf? yk*¾Kdvfvsufonf owå0g vsufonf?
yk*K¾ v
d af wGUonf owå0gawGUonf? yk*K¾ v
d Mf uo
H nf odonf? owå0gMuH
onf odonf? yk*¾Kdvfusifemonf owå0gusifemonf[laom
½kyfcE¨m emrfcE¨m ESpfckukd wpfckwnf;jyKíjzpfaom edpöedrdwfrsKd;/
rsupf o
d nf jrifwwfonf? em;onfMum;wwfonf? ESmacgif;
onf eHwwfonf? vQmonf vsufwwfonf? ukd,ft*FgwkdYonf
emwwfuek o
f nf? usiw
f wfuek o
f nf? raemESv;Hk onf Muw
H wfonf?
odwwfonf[al om ½kycf E¨m emrfcE¨m ESpcf u
k dk wpfcw
k nf;jyKíjzpf
aom edpöedrdwfrsKd;wkdYonf ÓPfü uG,faysmufukefvwåHU/
þum; ½kycf E¨m emrfcE¨m[laom tedp"ö r®wu
Ydk dk ÓPftjrif
aygufco
hJ nf½adS omf tcsKUd aom edpeö rd w
d w
f \
Ydk ÓPfü uG,af ysmufrI
ukd jyqkdcsufwnf;/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

186

oEÅ w d e d r d w f uG , f a ysmuf y k H - - ½kyfcE¨m emrfcE¨mwkdY\
cPrpJjzpfay:jcif;ç cPrpJ csKyfjcif;[laom tedpövu©Pmukd
ÓPftjrif aygufco
hJ nf½adS omf cyford ;f aom oEÅwed rd w
d w
f o
Ydk nf
ÓPfüuG,faysmufukef\/
tb,fokdY uG,faysmufukefoenf;[lrl--rsufawmifwpfBudrfcwfonfukd rsufawmifcwfrIwpfck[k
avmuü ,l\? rsufawmifü½Sdaom ½kyfcE¨mpkonf rsufawmif
wpfcwf tptqkH; wnfaeonfr½Sd? ½kyfcE¨maygif; wpf&mru
qufvufrS rsuaf wmifwpfcwf jzpf\? xkt
Yd wl rsuaf wmifcwfru
I dk
jzpfapaom emru©E¨mwkdY wpf&mru qufvufrS rsufawmif
wpfcwfjzpf\/
tBudrfaygif; tokwfaygif; wpf&mru qufvufMuukef
aom ½kycf E¨m tpkwo
Ydk nfvnf; rdrw
d Ydk jzpf&mXmerS wqHjcrf;rQa½GU
Ekid Mf uukeo
f nf r[kw?f jzpf&mXmeüom csKyq
f ;Hk Mu&uke\
f ? cufrmrI
vnf; tvIyftjcm;cHí wnfaeEkdifonfr[kwf? zGJUap;rIvnf;
tvIyftjcm;cHí wnfaeEkdifonf r[kwf? cufrmrIvnf; vIyf&Sm;
jcif;r½Sd? zGJUap;rIvnf; vIyf&Sm;jcif; r&Sd? rdrdwkdY jzpf&mXmeüom
csKyfqkH;Muukef\/
rsuf a wmif c wf r I - - rsufawmifcwfrIqkdonfum; wpfck
aom rsufawmif\ vIyf&Sm;rIBuD;ukd qkd\? rsufawmifvnf;r½Sd?
vIyf&Sm;rIvnf;r½Sd? rsufawmifum; oP²meedrdwfBuD; wpfckom
jzpf\? cwfru
I m; ½kycf E¨m tpOfurdk aDS om oEÅwed rd w
d Bf u;D wpfco
k m
jzpf\? edrdwfBuD; 2-ckcwfí rsufawmifcwfrI[k pdwfwGifxif&

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

187

jrif&\/
ed r d w f u G , f a ysmuf r I - - þokdY ½kyfcE¨m emrfcE¨mwkdY\
trIomG ;ukd oD;oefjY cm;em; tjrifaygufí edrw
d Ef pS yf g;wku
Yd dk t[kw½f dS
rsKd;r[kwf? pdwfxJwGif xifay:íaeaom a0g[m&ynwfrsKd;rQ
jzpfuek o
f nf[k ÓPfü½Si;f vif;pGm xifjrifru
I dk edrw
d u
f ,
G af ysmufrI
qko
d wnf;/
touf½rI I tp½Sad om cyford ;f aom avmursujf rifrw
I u
Ydk dk
þenf;csnf; odavjrifav/

tedpö0dyóemukd jyqkdcsuf
tedpö0dyóem-- tedp0ö yd óemqko
d nfum; oHo&m b0
tqufqufwkdYü edpöedrdwfrsKd;wkdYukdomvQif xifjrif awGU½Sdí
vmcJhMu&ukef\? yk*¾Kdvf owå0g t*FgBuD;i,f[laom edpöedrdwf
rsKd;wkdYESifhom b0tqufquf NyD;cJhMu&ukef\? edpöedrdwfrsKd;wkdYukd
t[kw½f dS rsK;d r[kw?f wu,f½rdS sK;d r[kw?f aumif;uifudk a&jyifxif&
aom ol½;l \ tvm;uJo
h Ydk 0dnmPfvn
S phf m;í xifjrif&aomtxnf
0w¬K trIu&d ,
d mwko
Yd m trSejf zpfuek \
f [k tdyrf ufrQ rrufb;l Mu&
uke/f
omoemwGi;f ü BuKBH uKd uí
f 0dyóemjzifh edpeö rd w
d rf sK;d wku
Yd dk
r[kwrf eS ;f tukeo
f í
d tedp"ö r® tedpv
ö u©Pmwku
Yd o
dk m t[kw½f dS
trSef½Sd[k ,ckrS todÓPfü trSeft[kwfukd txl;awGUjrifMu&
ukef\? þokdY awGUjrifaom ÓPfukd tedpö0dyóem qkdownf;/
þum; tedpövu©Pm tedpö0dyóemukd jyqkdcsufwnf;/
---------- Ä -----------

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

188

okcedrdwf 'ku©vu©Pm
'k u © 0 d y óemok H ; yg;uk d jyqk d c ef ;
]]okcedrdwfç 'ku©vu©Pmç 'ku©0dyóem}} [l&mü--okcedrdwf-- okcedrdwfqkdonfum; jyqkdcJhNyD;aom yk*¾Kdvf
owå0g vl ewf jA[®m ig olwpfyg; a,musfm; rdef;r OD;acgif; ajc
vuf qHyif arG;nif;paom edpöedrdwfrsKd;wkdYukdyif okcedrdwfrsKd;
qkdownf;? xkdedpö edrdwfrsKd;wkdYukd tpGJjyKí ½kyfcE¨m emrfcE¨mwkdYukd
okc[lí pGJvrf;Mu &ukef\/
om,mzG,f csrf;omokcrsm;
rsm;-- tb,fokdYvQif edpöedrdwf
rsKd;wkdYonf okcedrdwfrsKd; rnfukefoenf;[lrlum;--yk*¾Kdvf owå0g[laom edrdwfonf avmuü aMumufzG,f
vefzY ,
G rf sK;d r[kw?f om,mzG,f awmifw
h zG,rf sK;d om jzpf\? yk*K¾ v
d f
owå0grsK;d wGi;f rSmvnf; vlxufvl ewfxufewf jA[®mxufjA[®m
tqifhtqifh om,mzG,f BuD;us,frsm;jym;vsuf ½Sd\/
xkdYtwl OD;acgif; ajc vuf tp½Sdaom jyqkdcJhNyD;aom
tvk;H pkaH om t*FgBu;D rsK;d t*FgvwfrsK;d t*Fgi,frsK;d qHyif arG;nif;
paom tZÑwåaum|mo t*FgrsKd;wkdYonf avmuü aMumufzG,f
vefYzG,frsKd; r[kwf? om,mzG,f awmifhwzG,frsKd;wkdYomwnf;/
xk d Y t wl oEÅ w d t zd k Y ü vnf ; cPrsm;pG m umvrsm;pG m
wnfaejcif; ukd,ft*FgvIyfjcif;½Sm;jcif; EIwft*Fg vIyfjcif; ½Sm;jcif;
ajymqkdjcif; NyKH;jcif; ½Tifjcif; a½SUokdYMunfhjcif; aemufokdYMunfhjcif;
tp½Sdukefaom vIyf½Sm;rI trlt&m ud&d,mwkdYonfvnf;aumif;ç

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

189

xkdwGifvnf; touf½Snfjcif; t½G,fysKdEkjcif; trlt&mBuD;i,f
txl;wifw
h ,fjcif; tvk;H pkw
H u
Ydk v
dk nf;aumif; avmuü aMumufz,
G f
vefYzG,frsKd; r[kwfukef? om,mzG,f awmifhwzG,frsKd;wkdYomwnf;/
xkaYd Mumifh cyford ;f aom edpeö rd w
d rf sK;d wku
Yd dk okcedrw
d rf sK;d [lí
qkt
d yfuek o
f wnf;/
þum; okcedrdwft&ukd jyqkdcsufwnf;/
------------- Ä -------------

'ku©vu©Pm yXrcef;ukd jyqkdcsuf
jzpf r I y suf r I w k d Y ES d y f p uf í qif ; &J & yk H
qif ; &J r I 'k u © v u© P m-- 'k u © v u© P m[l & mü 'k u © ç
'ku©vu©Pm ESpfyg;ukd od&m0,f--tedpörsKd;pifppf jzpfukefaom cE¨mig;yg;wkdYonf 'ku©rsKd;
pifppfjzpfukef\? tedpövu©Pm pifppfjzpfukefaom cPrpJ
jzpfay:rI? cPrpJ csKyyf surf w
I o
Ydk nf 'kuv
© u©Pmpifppf jzpfuek \
f /
cufrmrI zGJUap;rI odrI jrifrI tp½SdonfwkdYonf jzpfrI ysufrI
ESpfyg;ESifh tjrJ,SOfukef\? jzpfcsnf ysufcsnf aeMuukef\? jzpfrI
ysufrIudk jrifojzifh cufrmrI zGJYap;rI odrI jrifrIponfwdkYudk
þw&m;wdu
Yk m; 'kuw
© w
Ykd nf;[k odEikd f qk;H jzwfEikd u
f ek \
f ? xdaYk Mumifh
jzpfrI ysufrIudk 'ku©vu©Pm qdkownf;/
½kyfemrfcE¨monf'ku©rsdK;;-- cufrmrIonf y#doaE¨tcgü
wpfBurd f jzpfay:Ny;D aemuf tESpw
f pf&mjynfí
h xdb
k 0qk;H aomtcgrS
wpfBurd o
f m csKyyf surf I ½Syd grlum; tvGeaf umif; av&m\? xdo
k u
Ykd m;

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

190

r[kwf? wpfem&DtwGif;rSmyif tcgwpfaxmifru topftopf
jzpf&\? tcgwpfaxmifru csKyfysuf&\/
xdkYaMumihf cufrmrI[laom yx0D"mwfBuD;onf wpfem&D
wpfcPrQ Nird o
f ufpmG wnfae&aom oEÅo
d ck rsKd ; r[kw?f wpfem&D
twGif;rSmyif tcgwpfaxmifru jzpfrI ysufrIwdkY taESmifht,Suf
aMumihf &yfwnfr& azmufvJazmufjyef vIyf½Sm;&\? oEÅdokcrS
tcsif;cyfodrf; uif;aom w&m;jzpfí 'ku©rsdK;om pifppfjzpf\/
zGJUap;rItp½Sdaom ½kyfcE¨mç odrItp½Sdaom emrfcE¨mwdkYudk
vnf; toD;toD; þenf;wlodav/
wcPrQ oEÅdokc r&ykH-- owå0gwdkY\ udk,fcE¨mwpfck
vk;H ü wpfem&DrQ Nird o
f ufcsr;f ajrph mG wnfaeEdik af om oEÅo
d ck rsKd ;[lí
tPkjrLrQ r½Sd? jzpfrI ysufrI aESmifh,SufcsufaMumifh wpfudk,fvkH;
wpfaumifv;Hk cPrpJ ½kyaf &memrfa&m &yfwnf&mr& yGuf yGuq
f l
<uuf<uuf½kduf azmufvJazmufjyef ylyefyifyef;íae&aom 'ku©
w&m;csn;f omwnf;/
wpfem&D wpfcPrQ oEÅo
d ck r½Sad om ½kyw
f &m;ç emrfw&m;
wdo
Yk nf wpf&uf wpfv wpfEpS f wpfouf wpfb0wdrYk mS qdb
k ,
G &f m
r½Sd? oEÅdokcESifh ta0;BuD; a0;Muukefawmhonfomwnf;/
xdaYk Mumifo
h wå0gtaygif;wdo
Yk nf wpfem&DrQ Nird ;f csr;f om,m
wnfMunfpmG raeEdik Mf uuke?f avmbwvIyv
f yI f a'gowvIyv
f yI f
rme wvIyfvIyf aeMu&ukef\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

191

avmufudkufaom acG;emyrm ½kyfemrfcE¨m
twGif;ü ydk;avmufwdkYjzifhjynfhaom temykyfBuD;½Sdaom
acG;emBuD;onf twGif;ü ydk;avmufawG udkufrIaMumihfvnf;
&yfwnfr&? tyü ,ifBu;D ,ifi,fawG 0dik ;f tkrH I xd;k rIwaYkd Mumifv
h nf;
&yfwnfr&? Nidrf;csrf; om,mwnfNidrfpGm aecGifhr&rlí ajy;whJcsnf
0yfwhJcsnf acgif;vnf; tNidrfrae&? udk,fvnf; tNidrfrae&?
ajcvnf;tNird rf ae&? vufvnf; tNird f rae&? wvIyv
f yI f w<u<u
ae&bdouhJodkY?
xd k Y t wl owå 0 gtaygif ; wd k Y o nf v nf ; ud k , f w G i f ; ü
oEÅmyawaZmwd\
Yk x<urIç ud,
k yf ü jcif rSuf av aeyl ponfw\
Ykd
0kid ;f tkx
H yd g;rIwjYkd zifh ½kycf E¨mwdYk rNird rf oufonft
h wGuaf Mumifh ,m;rI
,HrI anmif;rI nmrI xkHrI usifrI ylrI tdkufrIwdkYESifh £&d,mykxf
ajymif;vJrI udk,fwvIyfvIyf acgif;wvIyfvIyf vufwvIyfvIyf
ajcwvIyfvIyf aeMu&ukef\/
emrfcE¨mwdYk rNird rf oufonft
h wGuf ud,
k w
f iG ;f udavomwdYk
udkufcJrIaMumifhvnf;aumif;ç tytm½kHwdkY 0dkif;tkHrIaMumifhvnf;
aumif; xdkxdktm½kHodkY pdwfç 0dwuf &yfwnfr& ajy;&jcif;ç rdrdpdwf
udyk if rdrrd xde;f Edik f rodr;f Edik ½f adS ejcif;ç rjrifcsio
f nfukd jrif&jcif;ç
rMum;csifonfudk Mum;&jcif;ç reHcsifonfudk eH&jcif;ç rawGUcsif
onfukd awGU&jcif;ç pd;k &dryf yl ef&jcif;wdjYk zifh 0dwuf 0dpm&wvIyv
f yI çf
avmbwvIyfvIyfç a'gowvIyfvIyfç rmewvIyfvIyf aeMu&
uke\
f /

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

192

avmufuu
kd af om acG;emESihf tvm;wlpmG ½kycf E¨mwvIyv
f yI f
emrfcE¨m wvIyfvIyf aeMu&ukef\? xdkacG;onf udk,fwGif;ü
yd;k avmufw\
Ykd udu
k cf J jcif;ç ud,
k yf ü ,ifBu;D ,ifi,fw\
Ykd 0dik ;f tkH
jcif;wdaYk Mumihf rsuaf wmifwpfcwfrQ Nird ;f csr;f om,m wnfMunfpmG
aecGifhr&bdouhJodkY?
xdkYtwl þowå0gwdkYonfvnf; udk,fwGif;ü £&d,myx
oEÅmy awaZmrD; tNrJx<urIç udk,fyü jcif rSuf oef; Murf;ydk;
av aeyl ponfwdkY\ xdyg;jcif;jzifh ½kyfcE¨m udk,ft*Fg wvIyfvIyf
aeMu&ukef\/
ud,
k w
f iG ;f ü 1500-udavomwd\
Yk udu
k cf rJ çI ud,
k yf ü tm½kH
6-yg;wdkY\ 0dkif;tkHrIwdkYjzifh emrfcE¨m pdwft*Fg wvIyfvIyf aeMu&
uke\
f ? rdrw
d \
Ykd pdwu
f ykd if xde;f odr;f r& aygufvw
T x
f m;Mu&uke\
f ?
þtrIwo
Ykd nf oEÅo
d ck \ qefu
Y sizf ufjzpfaom 'kur© sKd ;wdo
Yk mwnf;/
þum; jzpfrI ysufrIwdkY cPrpJ tNrJaESmuf,Suf ESdyfpuf
n§Of;yrf;rIaMumifh rsufawmifwpfcwfrQ oEÅdokcrsdK;udk r&rIrsdK;udk
jyqdkcsufwnf;/
cE¨ m ig;yg;wd k Y \ 'k u © v u© P mud k j yqd k a om yXrcef ;
,cktcg Bu;D rm;pGmaom'kuw
© u
Ykd kd OyrmESiw
hf uG jyqdak ytH/h
cE¨ m 5-yg; 'k u © r sd K ;w&m;
;w&m;-- awblru "r®rsdK;jzpfukef
aom cE¨m 5-yg; ½kyfemrfw&m;wdkYrnfonf jzpfrI ysufrIwdkY\
aESmuf,Sufjcif;ç ESdyfpufn§Of;yef;jcif;udk cPrpJ tNrJcHMu&ukef
aom w&m;wdkYomwnf;/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

193

xdkYaMumihf rdrdwdkY\ udk,fcE¨mü trmcHBuD;jzpfaom cufrmrI
[laom yx0D"mwfBuD;onf terw*¾oHo&mü rsufawmif
wpfcwfrQ Nidrf;csrf; om,mwnfMunfpGmaeEdkifaom oEÅdokcrsdK;
r[kwf? jzpfrI ysufrIESifh tNrJ,SOfaom 'ku©rsdK; pifppfomwnf;/

yx0Dü 'ku©vu©Pm
tzdkY 2-yg;
2-yg;/ / tb,fodkY 'ku©rsdK;pifppf jzpfavoenf;
[lrlum;okctzdkY-- þcufrmrIonf okctzdkYç 'ku©tzdkY ESpfyg;½Sd\/
'ku©tzdkY-- okctzdkYqdkonfum; tm,kç 0PÖç okcç Av
[laom aumif;usdK;csrf;omrsdK;wdkYwnf;/
'kut
© zdq
Yk o
dk nfum; tm,kuzkd suq
f ;D í jrefjrefBu;D owfEikd f
aom yx0DrsdK;ç temBuD;temi,f a&m*gBuD; a&m*gi,fwdkYudk
jzpfapí 0PÖç okcç Avwdu
Yk kd zsuq
f ;D í 'kui© ,fwu
Ykd kd ay;Edik af om
yx0DrsKd ;wnf;/
xdEk pS yf g;wdw
Yk iG -f -okctzdkYrsdK;um; jyKjyifEdkifrS jzpf\? wnf\/
'ku©tzdkYrsdK;um; e*dk yuwdrsdK;aywnf;/
tNrJNidrf;csrf;aom oEÅdokcrsdK; r[kwf? jzpfrIrpJ ysufrIrpJ
tNrJ½l; aemufaom "mwfaumuf"mwfuspf "mwfnpf "mwfqdk;rsdK;
jzpfaomaMumihf okctzdkY 'ku©tzdkY cPcsif; ajymif;vJEdkif\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

194

tem 3-rsdK;;/ / temrsdK;onf--1/ a&m*temrsdK;
2/ *@temrsdK;
3/ tmAm" temrsdK;
[lí 3-rsdK;½Sd\/
a&m*tem-a&m*tem--xdk 3-rsdK;wdkYwGif- "mwf 4-yg; azmufjyefjcif;
aMumifh udk,fwGif;üjzpfaom zsm;rIç avem rIç &ifemrItp½Sdaom
temrsdK;onf ]]a&m*}} temrsdK;rnf\/
*@tem-- ausmuf 0ufouf 0ufjcH bifem aoG;pkem
tp½Sdaom tzktvkH; ay:aygufíjzpfaom temrsdK;onf ]]*@}}
temrsKd ;rnf\/
tmAm"tem-- "m;xdí vSHxdí jrm;xdí ql;ajimifh
cvkwx
f í
d jzpf aom temrsKd ;ç pl;í ½Sí cku
d rf í
d wdu
k rf í
d rD;avmif
íç ,rf;aygufí jzpfaomtemrsdK;ç ajcusdK;rI vufusdK;rI xdkxdk
'Pfxdí aygufrI jywfrI OD;acgif;uGJrI rsufvkH;ysufrI em;ysufrI
tp½Sdaom 'PfemrsdK;onf ]]tmAm"}} temrsdK;rnf\/
temtrsdK;rsdK;;-- rdk;BudK;ypfí aoewfrSefí tajrmufrSefí
vJí jrifh&mrSusí a>rudkufí usm;udkufí qifeif;í jzpfaom
temrsdK; ElemrsdK; yef;emrsdK; ½l;emrsdK; oGyfemrsdK;ponf tvGefrsm;
jym;\/
cPcsucf si;f vwfwavm aoapwwfaomtemç wpfem&D
twGi;f aoapwwfaomtemç wpf&uftwGi;f aoap wwfaom

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

195

temç wpfoufvkH; vlpOfrrSDatmif t½kyfysufaomtemç tqif;
ysufaom temç rMum rMum wGefYwGefYvl; jzwfjzwfvl;cH&aom
temponfjzifhvnf; tvGefrsm;jym;\/
jzpfcGifhqkdufvmonf½Sdaomf wpfukd,fvkH;ü½Sdaom cufrmrI
wko
Yd nf cPcsi;f a&m*gtemrsKd ;vnf; jzpfwwfuek \
f / wpfu,
dk v
f ;Hk
onf cPcsif; a&m*gwkH;BuD; a&m*gcJBuD;jzpf\/
cPcsif; *@temrsdK;vnf; jzpfwwfukef\? wpfukd,fvkH;
onf cPcsif; *@temwkH;BuD; *@temcJBuD;jzpf\/
cPcsif; tmAm" temrsdK;vnf;jzpfwwfukef\? wpfukd,f
vk;H onf cPcsi;f tmAm" temwk;H Bu;D tmAm" temcJBu;D jzpf\/
yx0D"mwfBuD;onf þrQavmuf aumufuspfqkd;0g;\?
oEÅo
d ck rsKd ;r[kw?f b,'kur© sKd ;om trSejf zpf\? tv,fu,
dk t
f *Fg
wpfcv
k ;Hk onf cPcsi;f temwk;H Bu;D temcJBu;D jzpfEidk \
f ? OD;acgif;
wpfcv
k ;Hk onf OD;aESmuf wpfcv
k ;Hk onf tp½So
d nfjzifh tpdwt
f pdwf
tukefjrifav? yx0Donf þrQavmuf aumufuspfqkd;0g;\?
oEÅdokcrsdK;r[kwf? b,'ku©rsdK;om trSefjzpf\/
wpfukd,fvkH;üvnf;aumif;? xdkxdkt*FgwdkYüvnf;aumif;
edpöedrdwf okcedrdwfwkdY tukefvGifhaysmufí oGm;ykHukd ukefatmif
Munfhav/
'k u © v u© P mxif v Qif ok c ed r d w f a ysmuf j cif ;
t[kwf½Sd t[kwfrSef½Sdaom "mwfwkdYtwGuf þuJhokdYaom
tedprö I 'kur© jI zpfvmcJo
h nf½adS omf yk*Kd¾ vf owå0g t*Fg Bu;D i,f[l
aom edpöedrdwf okcedrdwfwkdYonf edpötae okctaeESifh tenf;

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

196

i,frQ ckcHíaejcif;iSg rwwfEkdifukef/
tb,fhaMumifhenf;qkdaomf t[kwf&Sdonf r[kwfavaom
aMumifhwnf;/
ol½l;onf aumif;uifudk a&jyifBuD; t[kwfxifíae&mü
rD;ab;BuD;pGm jzpfvmonf&Sdaomf xdka&jyifBuD;onf rD;ab;udk
rcHEikd /f
tb,fhaMumifhenf;qdkaomf t[kwfa& r[kwfavaom
aMumifhwnf;/
ol½;l onf jcif;jcif;eDaom rD;cJBu;D ukd tvGeaf t;jrvSpmG aom
pE´ul;eD wkH;BuD; xifíae&mü xkd0w¬KrSm ylavmifjcif;[laom
rD;udpjö zpfvmonf ½Sad omf xkpd E´u;l onf at;jrrIEiS hf ckcí
H raeEkid ?f
þOyrmuJhokdY xifjrifí yk*¾dKvfowå0g t*FgBuD;i,f[laom edpö
edrdwfrsdK; okcedrdwfrsdK;wkdYukd tukefvGifhaysmufapukef&m\/
þum; ]]b,a|e 'ku©H}} [laom ygXfESifhtnD cPrpJ
jzpfryI surf I aESmuf,u
S jf cif; ½Sad eonft
h wGuf yx0Dü aMumufruf
zG,faom 'ku©vu©Pmukd jyqkdjcif;wnf;/
yx0D"mwfudk jyqkcd ahJ omfvnf; jyqkcd o
hJ rQaom a&m* tjzpfç
*@tjzpfç tmAm"tjzpftpkonf cE¨m 5-yg;wpfvkH;wnf;
jzpfNrJ"r®wmjzpfí tmaygç awaZmç 0ga,mç a0'emç onmç
apwemç 0dnmPfwkdYvnf; yx0Dü wpfvkH;wnf; yg0ifavukef\/
txl;rlum;--- yx0Dudk t&if;cHíjzpf&aom 'kur© sKd ;ç tmayg
ukd t&if;cHíjzpf&aom 'kur© sKd ; tp½So
d nfjzifh t&if;cHrQom tuGJ
tjym;½SMd u\/
þum; cE¨m 5-yg;wkdY\ 'ku©vu©Pm yXrcef;wnf;/
----------- Ä -----------

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

197

'ku©vu©Pm 'kwd,cef;
ysuf r I o m ½k y f e mrf w k d Y \ yuwd o abm
a&OyrmES i f h ½k y f e mrf y suf r I - - a&rnfonf edrfh&mokdY
pD;oGm;NrJ "r®wmjzpf\? wnfwHhíaeapvkdaomf edrfh&mt&yfukd
Ekdifavmufatmif ydwfqkdYumqD;&\? EdkifavmufrSaeonf? rEkdif
avmufvQif wGef;vSef csdK;zsufí edrfh&mokdYpD;oGm;\? txufokdY
qefwufapvkdaomf twif;tMuyf jyKvkyf&\? jyKvkyfEkdifygvQif
jyKvkyfrItpGrf; tm;avsmfpGm qefwuf\? jyKvkyfrI tpGrf;ukefvQif
edrfh&mokdYoGm;NrJoGm;\? edrfh&mokdYavQmusrIrSm a&\"r®wmjzpfí
jyKjyifzG,fr½Sd? tumtqD;r½SdcJhvQif woGefwnf;oGm;awmhonf?
wefY&yfrI qefwufrIrnfonf a&\"r®wm r[kwf? a&\yuwd
oabmr[kwf? a&\yuwdoabmESifh qefYusifzufomwnf;?
jyKjyifrI\ tpGrf;aMumifhomjzpfaom tm*EÅKrIomwnf;/
tvk;H pkaH om ajrpkid çf tkwçf ausmufç opfç0g;çwk;H ç wkid f tp½Sd
onfwkdYvnf; xkdenf;twl twm;tqD; r½SdcJhvQif edrfh&mokdY
avQmusukefNrJjzpfonf/
atmufü r[myx0D ajrBuD;udk cHíaeaom av;odef;½Spf
aomif;txk½adS om urÇma&onf atmufü uk;d ode;f ajcmufaomif;
txk½Sdaom urÇmavckcHíom atmufaumif;uifBuD;odkY rusyJ
&yfwnfíaeonf? avrckcEH idk v
f Qif rsuaf wmifwpfcwfrQ&yfwefí
Y
rae? atmuftZ#mumo teEÅaumif;uifBu;D odYk avQmusavtH/h
xkdYtwl þr[myx0DajrBuD;onfvnf; atmufü xkda&
tjyifBu;D ckcí
H om &yfwnfíaeonf? ork'&´ mç oD'gç jrif;rk&d af wmifç

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

198

pMum0Vmawmif ponfwo
Ydk nfvnf; r[myx0DajrBu;D ckcí
H om
wnfaeMuuke\
f ? aeç vç eu©wçf wm&mç ewfbçHk jA[®mbkw
H v
Ydk nf;
aumif;uifavxkcHíom wnfaeMuukefonf/
xdkYtwl cE¨m 5-yg; ½kyfç emrfw&m;wdkY\ jzpfrIysufrI ESpfyg;
wdw
Yk iG f ysurf o
I nfum; "r®wmrIwnf;? ½kyçf emrfw&m;wd\
Yk yuwd
oabmwnf;? a&\edrfY&mokdY avQmusrIuJhokdYwnf;/
a&\ avQmusrI"r®wmrSm jyKjyifvQif &yfwefYao;\? jzpf
ay:Ny;D aom tedp"ö r®rsKd ;wdu
Yk kd edpt
ö aeESihf &yfwefí
Y aeav atmif
ckcHjcif;iSgyif rwwf aumif;? jzpfrIonfum; ½kyfç emrfw&m;wdkY\
"r®wmr[kw?f jyKjyifrEI iS u
hf if;í jzpfEikd af om yuwdoabm r[kw?f
½kyfçemrfw&m;wdkY\ yuwdoabmESifhqefYusifzufomwnf;/
tu,fí yuwdoabm NrJcJhjim;tHh? wpfa,mufaom
owå0g\ cE¨mtpOfonf terw*¾oHo&mü tpOftNrJjzpfíom
ae&m\? avmuü udavoy&dedAÁmefpHrIç cE¨y&dedAÁmefpHrI[lí
r½Sdav&m? udavoy&dedAÁmefpHrI r½Sduvnf; bk&m;yapöuAk'¨g
t&d,m[lí r½Sdav&m/
þpum;ü apm'em&ef½Sd\? ]]Zmwdypö,m Z&mr&PH}} [lí
a[mawmfrlaomaMumifh ysufrIonfvnf; jzpfrIu jyKjyifí
ay;rS½SdEdkifonf? jzpfrI r½SdcJhvQif ysufrIvnf; r½SdEdkif? xdkYaMumifh
ysufrIudkvnf; yuwd"r®wm[lí rqdkoifh[k apm'em&ef ½Sd\/
rSef\? þt&mü ysufrIukd yuwd"r®wm qdkonfrSmrlum;
jzpfrI½SdcJhvQif ysufrI½SdNrJ trSefjzpf\? ysufrI½SdcJhvQif jzpfrI½SdNrJum;
"r®wmr[kw?f xdaYk Mumifh ysurf u
I o
dk m yuwd"r®wm qdak yownf;/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

199

'k u © o m ½k y f e mrf w d k Y \ yuwd o abm-- xdkYtwl cE¨m
5-yg; ½kyçf emrfw&m;wd\
Yk okctzdYk 'kut
© zdYk ESpyf g;wdw
Yk iG f 'kut
© zdYk
onfum; "r®wmrIwnf;? ½kyçf emrf w&m;wd\
Yk yuwdoabmwnf;?
a&\ edrfY&mokdY avQmusrIuJhokdYwnf;/
okctzdkYonfrlum; ½kyfç emrfw&m;wdkY\ "r®wmr[kwf?
jyKjyifrIESifh uif;í jzpfEdkifaom yuwd oabmr[kwf? &yfwefYrI
qefwufrIonf a&\ yuwdoabmESifh qefYusifzufjzpfouJhokdY
okctzdo
Yk nfvnf; ½kyçf emrfw&m;wd\
Yk yuwdoabmESihf qefu
Y sif
zufomwnf;/
xif½Sm;atmif jyqdkOD;tHh--cE¨ m 5-jzmonf 'k u © p if p pf j zpf y k H - - owå0gwdkYü cE¨m
5-yg; ½kyfç emrfw&m;wdkYonf okcrsdK;wdkYavmç 'ku©rsdK;wdkYavm[k
odvdkonf½Sdaomf cyfodrf;aom jyKjyifrIwdkYudk ÓPfESifh y,f½Sm;í
olwdkYtvm;udk Munfh½I&m\/
jyKjyif r I a Mumif h om,mzG , f j zpf j cif ;
xdpk um;rSe\
f ? jyKjyifr½I cdS o
hJ nf½adS omf avmuü yuwdtcsKd
rsdK;onf tcsOfjzpf&m\? yuwdtcsOfrsdK;onf tcsdKjzpf&m\?
pufqyk zf ,
G f &H½G mS zG,af om 0ufom; Muufom; ig;trJwo
Ykd nf qDç
qm; ponfjzifh rGr;f rHí csujf yKwaf MumfavSmf jyKjyifraI Mumifh trGef
tjrwf jzpf&ukef\/
tjzLrsKd ;onf teDjzpf&\? teDrsKd ;onf tjzLjzpf&\? yuwd
t½k;d trsKd ;oabmukd vGepf mG zk;H vGr;f Edik \
f ? avmuü cyford ;f aom

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

200

vdrfvnfrI [lorQonf jyKjyifrIrS jzpf\? jyKjyifrIukd ÓPfESifh
tuket
f pif aq;avQmí
f Munfw
h wfro
S m yuwdt½d;k trsKd ;rSew
f ikd ;f
xif½Sm;ay:Edkif\/
xdaYk Mumifh ½kyçf emrfw&m;wdo
Yk nf yk*Kd¾ vf owå0gwdu
Yk kd csr;f om
at;Nidrf;apwwfaom okcrsdK;wdkYavmç yk*¾dKvf owå0gwdkYudk
qif;&Jylyefapwwfaom 'ku©rsdK;wdkYavm[k xif½Sm;ay:apvdkaomf
avmursufjrifjzpfaom jyKjyifrI wdkYudk ÓPfESifhtukef Ekwfy,fí
olUyuwdtwdkif;xm;í Munfh&m\/
cE¨ m ig;yg;wd k Y ocF g &'k u © E S i f h 0d y &d P mr'k u © jzpf y k H
okc 'ku©ukd pdppf Munfh½IykH---tjyKtjyif r½SdbJ olUyuwd
twdkif;ae&rS olUZmwday:NrJ "r®wmwnf;? okctrsdK;rSefcJhvQif
okczufoYdk wd;k wufBu;D yGg; pnfum;íoGm;ukev
f wåUH ? 'kut
© rsKd ;rSef
cJv
h Qif 'kuz© ufoYdk woGew
f nf; ydik ;f ydik ;f vJí oGm;ukev
f wåUH ? okcrsKd ;
rSefcJhvQif okcZmwf xGufvwåHU? 'ku©rsdK;rSefcJhvQif 'ku©Zmwf xGuf
vwåUH /
jyKjyif r I r ½S d a om ol i ,f y rm ig;cE¨ m
tb,fokdY Munfh½I&moenf;[lrlum; trd0rf;rS arG;zGm;p
tcgü wpfpw
Hk pfcak om jyK jyifru
I kd rjyKbJ oli,f\ cE¨mig;yg;wdu
Yk dk
aygufvTwfxm;í Munfh&m\/
okcrsKd ; jzpfuek jf im;tH?h oli,f\ cE¨mig;yg;wdo
Yk nf wpfcP
wpfjcm; BuD;yGg;½Tifvef; csrf;ompnfyifí oGm;ukefvwåHU? 'ku©rsdK;

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

201

jzpfuek jf im;tH?h wpfcPwpfjcm; qkw,
f w
k ñ
f ;Id EGr;f yifyef;ysupf ;D í
oGm;ukev
f wåUH /
cE¨m 5-yg;wdkYonfrlum; 'ku©rsdK;wdkYom trSefjzpfukef\?
xdkYaMumifh xdktcgü rjyKrjyifbJ aygufvTwfxm;cJhonf½Sdaomf
avmavmylaom ajrtjyifü csxm;tyfaom y'kr®mMumyGifhuJhokdY
wpfcPwpfjcm; qkw,
f w
k ñ
f ;Id EGr;f yifyef;qif;&Jaom 'kut
© zdo
Yk o
Ydk m
oGm;ukev
f wåUH /
ESpf&ufçokH;&uftwGif;rSmyif aoqkH;í okomefokdY xkwfydkY
pGefYypf&ukefvwåHU? aygufvTwfxm;onfhtwGuf BuD;yGg;½Tifvef;
csr;f ompnfyifí vmukeo
f nf[k r½Su
d ek &f mNy?D ZrÁL'DygwpfuRe;f vk;H ü
arG;zGm;orQaom oli,fwu
Ykd kd xdo
k Ydk xm;cJah omf wpfpw
Hk pfa,mufrQ
csrf;omol[lí r½Sdukef vwåHU/
pMu0VmteEÅESifhwuG terw*¾oHo&mwpfckvkH;ü arG;zGm;
orQaom oli,fwdkYudk tukefajrmfav/
xdkokdYaom tvm;\ 'd|rsufjrifuJhokdY xif½Sm;vsuf½Sdaom
aMumifh arG;zGm;onfrS BuD;yGg;í vmMu&aom okctzdkYonf cE¨m
5-yg; ½kyfç emrf w&m;wdkY\ ZmwdtrIrsdK;r[kwf? jyKjyifrI tm*EÅK\
tpGrf;oufoufom wnf;[k xif½Sm;avownf;/
arG;zGm;onfrS aemufüvnf; wpfb0 wpfb0twGif;wGif
b,fem&DrSmrqdk arG;jrLrIç jyKjyifrI cyfodrf;wdkYudk Ekwfy,fí
ypfxm;cJv
h Qif þenf;twdik ;f 'kut
© zdo
Yk Ydk wpfzufowf wpfvrf;oGm;
om½SdMuonfudk terw*¾oHo&maygufatmif wpfavQmufvkH;
jrifMuav/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

202

ocFg&'ku©-- jyKjyifrIum; tvGefBuD;us,fvSaom ocFg&
'kuB© u;D wnf;/
0d y &d P mr'k u ©-- aygufvTwfxm;cJhvQif ydkif;ydkif;vJrIum;
tvGefBuD;us,fvSaom 0dy&dPmr 'ku©BuD;wnf;/
þowå0gwdkYonf ocFg&'ku©BuD;ukd rkef;onf[k vGwfxm;
MuukefvQif 0dy&dPmr'ku©zufokdY ydkif;ykdif;vJoGm;&ukef\/
0dy&dPmr'ku©BuD;ukd aMumufonf[k a½SmifuGif;MujyefvQif
ocFg&'ku©ylBuD;okdY aMumifaMumif wdk;0if&Muukef\/
bifykyfi&JBuD;ç jymyli&JBuD;ESpfckwdkY\ tMum;okdY a&mufMu
ukeaf om i&Jom;wdo
Yk nf bifyyk if &Judk tvGwaf ½SmifvQif jymyli&J
wGi;f okYd usMuuke\
f ? jymyli&Judk tvGwaf ½SmifvQif bifyyk if &JwiG ;f okYd
usMuukefouJhokdYwnf;/
þum; cE©mig;yg;wdkY\ ocFg&'ku©ç 0dy&dPmr'ku© [laom
'ku©vu©Pm 'kwd,cef;wnf;/
--------- Ä ---------

'ku©vu©Pm wwd,cef;
0dy&dPmr'ku©trsdK;rsdK;;-- cE¨m 5-yg; ½kyfç emrfw&m;wdkY\
0dy&dPmr'ku©rIonf--yXrcef;ü jyqdkcJhNyD;aom ukd,fwGif;tEÅ&m,fç udk,fy
tEÅ&m,fw\
Ykd xdcu
kd jf cif;aMumifjh zpfaom 0dy&dPmr'kur© sKd ;teEÅç
jyKjyifrI csdKUwJhcRwf,Gif;í jzpf&aom 0dy&dPmr'ku©rsdK;teEÅç
b0tqk;H oku
Yd sí tedp"ö r®wmtm;jzifh jzpf&aom 0dy&dPmr'kur© sKd ;

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

203

teEŽ\
dS /
udavom teEŽSdjcif;-- xdk tvkH;pkHaom 0dy&dPmr'ku©
wdrYk S a'go arm[ trSL;½Su
d ek af om udavomteEÅwo
Ykd nf jzpfygG ;
ukef\? a&owå0gç ukef;owå0gwdkYtm; aeY½SdorQ aMumifhMupkdufMu
&aom toufarG;rIç tpm½SmrI tp½Sad om ocFg&'kuB© u;D rS avmb
arm[trSL;½Sdaom udavomteEÅwdkYonf jzpfyGg;ukef\/
xdkYtwl cE¨m 5-yg;wdkY\ vlUcsrf;om ewfcsrf;om jA[®mh
csr;f om[laom okctzdw
Yk rYkd S avmbçarm[trSL;½Sad om udavom
rD;teEÅwdkYonf aeYrpJ nrpJ w[kef;[kef;awmufyGg;ukef\/
tyg,fav;bkH[laom 'ku©tzdkYwdkYrS a'go arm[trSL;½Sd
aom udavomrD;teEÅwo
Ykd nf aeYrpJ nrpJ w[ke;f [ke;f awmuf
yGg;uke\
f /
ud a vomrD ; aMumif h atmuf a tmuf b k H ü jzpf & jcif ;
ok*wdbüHk vlçewfç jA[®m owå0gtaygif;wdo
Yk nf 0dy&dPmr
'ku© rsKd ;ç 'kut
© zdrYk sKd ;wdrYk S aeYpOfjzpfygG ;ukeaf om a'go arm[trSL;½Sd
ukefaom udavomrD;-ocFg&'kur© sKd ;ç vlcsr;f omç ewfcsr;f omç jA[®mch sr;f om[l aom
okctzdkYrsdK;wdkYrS cPrpJ jzpfyGg;ukefaom avmbç arm[trSL;½Sd
ukefaom udavomrD;--tyg,fbkHwdkYüvnf; rsm;aomtm;jzifh a'goç arm[
trSL;½Su
d ek af om udavomrD;wd\
Yk cPrpJ tNraJ wmufavmifrw
I Ykd
aMumifh wpfaeYwpfjcm; cef;ajcmufaom pdwfoEÅmef½SdMuukefonf

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

204

jzpfí wydkYwGJçwaygif;wdkYwGif awmwpfcGifçawmifwpfcGifwdkYü
wpfaeYwpfjcm; cef;ajcmufMuukefaom opf&GufwdkYonf wefcl;vç
uqkev
f wdüYk avokww
f ikd ;f avokww
f ikd ;f ajrokYd a<uusMuavukef
ouJo
h Ydk r&P avokww
f ikd ;f avokww
f ikd ;f xdx
k kd jA[®mh bkw
H pfciG çf
ewfbçHk vlb
Y w
Hk pfciG w
f rYkd S aeYrpJ nrpJ atmufbo
Hk aYdk vQmus Mu&ukef
\? txuftxuf tyg,fbkHwdkYrSvnf; atmufatmuf tyg,f
bkHokdY avQmusMu&ukef\/
þum; cE¨m 5-yg;wdkY\ udavomrD;awmufrI[laom
'ku©vu©Pm wwd,cef;wnf;/
--------- Ä ---------

'ku©vu©Pm pwkw¬cef;
uH t [k e f u k e f v Qif tyg,f b k H r S o mpk & jcif ;
wpf a ,muf wpf a ,muf a omowå 0 gtm; ud a vom
a[mif;wdkYrS jzpfyGg;ukefaom 'kpö½kdufuHa[mif; teEÅ/
udavomopfwrYkd S jzpfygG ;ukeaf om 'kp½ö u
dk u
f o
H pf teEŽMdS u
ukefonfjzpfí aumif;uifokdY ypfvGifhtyfaom tkwfç ausmufwdkY
onf t[keu
f ek q
f ;Hk aomtcg ajrtjyifrmS csn;f pkvm&ukeo
f uJo
h /Ydk
wpfckwpfckaom ukokdvft[kef ukefqkH;aomtcg jA[®mhbkH
wpfcGifwdkYrSvnf; tyg,f 4-bkH tjyifrSm pkvmMu&ukef\/
ewfjynfwpfcGifwdkYrSvnf; tyg,f 4-bkHtjyifrSm pkvmMu
&uke\
f /
vlUbkw
H pfciG rf v
S nf; tyg,f 4-bkt
H jyifrmS pkvmMu&uke\
f /

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

205

txuftxuf tyg,fbw
Hk pfciG w
f rYkd v
S nf; atmufatmuf
tyg,fbkH tjyifrSm pkvmMu&ukef\/
tyg,f 4-bkHrSm owå0gtokdufttkH BuD;us,fykHudk a½S;ü
jyqdck NhJ y/D
þum; cE¨m 5-yg;wdkY\ 'kpö½kdufyGg;rI[laom 'ku©vu©Pm
pwkwc¬ ef;wnf;/
--------- Ä ---------

'ku©vu©Pm yOörcef;
tyg,f ' k u © BuD ; us,f y k H
vd y f u mPf ; Oyrm ok * wd c E¨ m
xdk'kpö½kdufuHa[mif; teEÅç 'kpö½kdufuHopf teEÅwdkYaMumifh
tyg,fbkHokdY wpfBudrfwpfacguf usa&mufMuukefonf½Sdaomf
vdyu
f mPf;OyrmuJo
h Ydk tyg,fbrHk S b0wpf&mESiv
hf nf; rvGwEf ikd Mf u
ukeçf b0wpfaxmifEiS v
hf nf; rvGwEf ikd Mf uukeçf b0wpfaomif;ESihf
vnf; rvGwEf ikd Mf uukerf í
l wpfb0xuf wpfb0 jrKyí
f jrKyí
f om
oGm;Muukefojzifh wpfa,muf wpfa,mufaom owå0gtm;
oHo&mü tyg,fcE¨mçtyg,fb0wdo
Yk nfom tvGew
f &m rsm;jym;vS
pGmuke\
f /
vufonf;ay: ajrrIefYOyrm-- ok*wdcE¨m ok*wdb0
wdo
Yk nfru
l m; tvGew
f &menf;yg;Muuke\
f ? ecodcokweå f a'oem
awmfBuD;udk ajrmfMuav/
þum; cE¨m 5-yg;wdkY\ tyg,'ku© BuD;us,frI[laom
'ku©vu©Pm yOörcef;wnf;/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

206

'ku©vu©PmwdkY\ t&if;tjrpfukd jyqdkcef;
þig;cef; ig;&yfwdkYjzifh odom½kHrQ azmfjytyfukefaom
'kuv
© u©Pmwd\
Yk t&if;tjrpfonfru
l m; rdrw
d o
Ykd EÅmefü ½Sad eaom
cufrmrI zGJUap;rI ylrI at;rI awmifhwif;rI odrI jrifrI Mum;rI
tp½Sdukefaom cE¨m 5-yg;wdkY\ cPrpJjzpfrI cPrpJ ysufrIonf
t&if;tjrpfyifwnf;/
xdkcPrpJjzpfrI cPrpJysufrI aESmifh,Suf ñ§Of;yef;onfh
twGufaMumifh cufrmrI tp½Sdukefaom cE¨m 5-yg;wdkYonf
terw*¾oo
H &mü wpfem&DrQ Nird o
f ufcsr;f Munf wnfaeEdik af om
oEÅo
d ck ESihf a0;uGmMuukeo
f nfjzpfí ork'&´ mvdiI ;f Bu;D vdiI ;f i,fwYkd
uJo
h Ydk &yfwnfr& vIy½f mS ;í aeMuuke\
f ? ocFg&'kuB© u;D ç 0dy&dPmr
'ku©BuD;wdkYonf i&JBuD; 2-&yf ñ§yfí aebdouJhokdY tNrJñ§yfí
aeMuukef\/
vlUcE¨mü½Sdaom cufrmrIç ewfcE¨m jA[®mhcE¨mwdkYü½Sdaom
cufrmrI tp½SdonfwdkYonf jzpfjcif; ysufjcif; uif;vGwfaom
oEÅo
d ck rsKd ; jzpfMuygukerf u
l m; xdt
k vk;H pkaH om 'kur© sKd ;wdrYk S uif;½Si;f
Muavuke&f m\? atmufatmufbo
Hk Ydk avsmusjcif;[lí r½SMd uav
uke&f m? tyg,fbHk tyg,fb0[líyif r½SMd uavuke&f m? b0wpfyg;
ajymif;vJjcif;[lí r½SdMuavukef&m? ocFg&'ku©ç 0dy&dPmr'ku©
ESpyf g;wdrYk S uif;½Si;f Muukeo
f jzifh vlç ewfç jA[®mwdo
Yk nf edpx
ö m0&
csrf;omokc wlrQonfom jzpfukef&m\/
xdkYaMumifh xdktvkH;pkHaom 'ku©wdkYonf cE¨m 5-yg;wdkY\
cPrpJ jzpfrIçysufrIvQif t&if;tjrpf½Sdukefonf[lí xif½Sm;av

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

207

ownf;/
þ'kuv
© u©Pmrnfonf tvGerf sm;jym;vS\? Buí
H rqk;H Edik f
ajyma[mí rqkH;Edkif ½Sd\? xif½Sm;&mrQukdom jyvdkufonf/
igwdkYpD&ifaom vu©P'DyeDç 0dZÆmr*¾'DyeDç edAÁme'DyeDç
tm[m&'DyeDç tewå'yD eDç ur®|me'DyeDç pwkopö'yD eDç opöw'¬ yD eDç
y#dpo
ö rkygÜ ' 'DyeDusr;f wdüYk vnf; 'kut
© csuf toD;toD; yg½Sad v\/
emrf w &m;uk d rjyKjyif v Qif
t0D p d u rwuf &
½kyw
f &m;wdüYk jyKjyifrcI yford ;f ukd Ekwyf ,fí Munfch ahJ omf cE¨m
5-yg;vkH; tqdk; t0g;BuD;jzpfí aeukefojzifh xdkaeYüyif rcHEdkif
r&yfEdkifjzpfí oGm;rnfudkvnf;aumif;ç aoqkH;í oGm;rnfudk
vnf;aumif; jrif&\? ½kyfw&m;wdkYudkom jyKjyifí emrfw&m;wdkYudk
rjyKjyifbJ vTwfxm;cJhaomf terw*¾oHo&mESifhtrQ t0Dpdi&Ju
rwuf&aom pcef;okdY {uefqdkufrnfudk jrif&\/
emrf w &m;ü jyKjyif r I /
/ emrfw&m;wdkYü jyKjyifrI
qdkonfum;-1/ ta½SUç taemufç awmifç ajrmufponfudk
odatmif jyKjyifrI?
2/ trdç tzponfudk odatmifjyKjyifrI?
3/ avmu tusKd ;tjypfç oHo&m tusKd ;tjypfwu
Ykd kd
od atmifjyKjyifrI?
4/ odonftm;avsmfpGm pdwfoGm;wdkif; ukd,fryg&
atmif csKyfwnf;rI?

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

208

5/
6/
7/
8/
9/
10/

pdwfoGm;wdkif; EIwfryg&atmif csKyfwnf;rI?
pdwftvdkukd vTwfí rvdkufrI?
avmbtvkdudk vTwfí rvdkufrI?
a'gotvdkudk vTwfí rvdkufrI?
arm[tvdkukd vTwfí rvdkufrI?
rmetvdçk 'd|t
d vdçk 0dwuftvdçk 0dpm&tvdw
k u
Ykd kd
vTwfí rvdkufrIwnf;/
wd&pämef owå0gwdkYyifaomfvnf; pdwftvdkudk vTwfí
rvdkufMuukefrlí rdrdwdkYod½SdorQ ae&mXmewdkYü a½SmifrI½Sm;rI
toD;oD;½SMd uuke\
f ? emru©Em¨ wd\
Yk yuwdoabmonf tvGeBf u;D
us,fvSaom 'ku©oabmBuD;omwnf;? &dyfrd½kHrQ jyqdkvdkufonf/
'ku©vu©Pm t>rufNyD;\/
---- Ä ----

'ku©0dyóemudkjyqdkcef;
'ku0© yd óemqdo
k nfum;---rdro
d EÅmefü trmcHjzpfíaeaom
yx0D[laom cufrmrIBuD;wpfckudk terw*¾oHo&mü jzefYcif;í
Munfh½I&m Nidrf;csrf;om,maom oEÅdokc½Sdaom "mwfrsdK;r[kwf
cPrpJ jzpfrI ysurf I ajymif;vJr½I adS eonfjzpfí cPcsi;f okctzdo
Yk Ykd
ajymif;vJEikd \
f ? cPcsi;f 'kut
© zdo
Yk Ykd ajymif;vJEikd \
f ? jyqdck NJh y;D aom
a&m*grsdK;ç temrsdK;ponf cPcsif;jzifh jzpfEdkif\/
þodt
Yk p½So
d nfjzifh xdck ufrmrIwpfcük 'kuv
© u©PmBu;D 5&yfudk tvif;jrifEdkifaomÓPfonf 'ku©0dyóem rnf\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

209

zGUJ ap;rItp½Sad om ½kycf E¨mpkç odrI cHpm;rI rSwo
f m;rI aphaqmfrI
jrifrI Mum;rItp½Sdaom emrfcE¨mpküvnf; 'ku©vu©Pm BuD; 5&yfudk tvif;jrifaomÓPfonf ]]'ku©0dyóem}} rnf\/
þ 'ku©0dyóemÓPf tvif;aygufcJhonf½Sdaomf yk*¾dKvfç
owå0gç ewfç odMum;ç jA[®mtp½Sdaom edpöedrdwfBuD; okc
edrdwfBuD;wdkYudk ajzazsmufEdkifMuukef\/
xdkYtwl OD;acgif;ç ajcç vuftp½Sdaom okcedrdwf? OD;xdyf
ezl;ç rsufESmç rsufvkH;ç em;ç ESmacgif;ç cHwGif;ç ar;ç EIwfcrf;çvQmç
oGm;tp½Sdaom okcedrdwf? qHyifç arG;nif;ç ajconf;ç vufonf;
tp½Sdaom okcedrdwfwdkYudk ajzazsmuf EdkifMuukef\/
trsKd ;\jrwfjcif;ç tEG,\
f jrwfjcif;ç tqif;oP²mef Mueftif
vu©PmwdkY\ aumif;jcif;ç &Tef;pdkEke,f t½G,f\ aumif; jcif;ç
udk,ft*Fg tjyKtrlwdkY\ wifhw,fjcif;ç EIwft*FgtjyKtrlwdkY\
wifw
h ,fjcif; tp½Sad om vdrv
f nfaumufuspf qd;k npf arSmufrmS ;
apwwfaom okcedrdwfwdkYudkvnf; ÓPfü azsmufzsufEdkifukef\/
½k y f e mrf w d k Y \ xif ½ S m ;aom 'k u © a b;ES i f h
od r f a rG U euf e J a om 'k u © a b;
okctzdkYjzpfaom ½kyfemrfw&m;ç 'ku©tzdkYjzpfaom ½kyfemrf
w&m;ESpyf g;wdw
Yk iG -f -1/ 'ku©tzdkYjzpfaom ½kyfç emrfw&m;pkonf edpöedrdwfrQudk
jyí owå0gwdkYudk arSmufrSm;apwwf\/

tpodYk
2/

bm0em'DyeD

210

okctzdjYk zpfaom ½kyçf emrfw&m;pkonfru
l m; edpeö rd w
d çf
okcedrw
d çf okbedrw
d w
f u
Ykd jkd yí owå0gwdu
Yk kd arSmufrmS ;
apwwf\/

xif½Sm;aom 'ku©ab;-- 'ku©tzdkYjzpfaom ½kyf emrfw&m;
wd\
Yk 'kuv
© u©Pmonf yuwdtm;jzifyh if xif½mS ;ay:vGií
f ae\?
xdk½kyfemrfw&m;wdkYudk 'ku©rsdK;[líyif owå0gwdkY odMuukef\?
awGUMuK&H rnfuykd if aMumufMuuke\
f ? vGwu
f if;atmif a½SmifMuOf
Muuke\
f /
Oyrmum;-- jcaoFhç opfç usm;wdkY\ 'ku©ab;onf tvGef
xif½Sm;\? xdkYaMumihf avmuü 'ku©tzdkYjzpfaom ½kyfemrfw&m;wdkY
aMumifh jzpf&aom 'ku©ab;rnfonf tvGefenf;yg;\/
eufeJaom'ku©ab;
b;-- okctzdjYk zpfaom ½kyef mrfw&m; wd\
Yk
'ku©vu©Pmonf eufeJ\? okcedrdwfç okbedrdwfwdkYonf zkH;vTrf;
vsuf½Sdukef\? taumif;xuf taumif;ç tjrwfxuf tjrwf[k
tqifhqifh orkwftyfaom ouf½SdoufrhJ 0w¬KwdkYü 'ku©vu©Pm
onf eufeJonfxuf tqifhqifh eufeJ\/
xdk½kyfemrfw&m;wdkYudk 'ku©rsdK;[líyif owå0gwdkY rodEdkifMu
ukef? okcrsdK;[lí pGJvrf;Muukef\? awGUcsifMuukef\? jrifcsifMu
ukef\? vdkcsifMuukef\? &csifMuukef\? rdrd\ tyOpömjyKvkyfí
odrf;ydkufvdkMuukef\? twGif;OpömjyKí odrf;ydkufvdkMuukef\?
rdrdudk,ft*Fg jyKvdkMuukef\? r&ao;onfudk &atmif½SmrSD;Mu
uke\
f ? &Ny;D onfukd rvGw&f atmif odr;f ydu
k Mf uuke\
f ? xd0k w¬KwEYkd iS hf
cHpm;Muukef\? aysmfyg;Muukef\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

211

xdkYaMumifh avmuü okctzdkYjzpfaom ½kyfç emrfw&m;wdkY
aMumifh jzpf&aom 'ku©ab;BuD;onfum; tvGefBuD;rm;vS\?
wpfavmuvkH;ü xdkab;BuD;onf aeYrpJçnrpJ tNrJuyfwdkufí
ae\/
Oyrmum;--- jcaoF h ç opf ç usm;wd k Y \ 'k u © a b;onf
xif½Sm;\? aMumufMu\? a½SmifMuOfMu\? xdkYaMumifh avmuü
usm;udkufí aoaom romonf tvGefenf;yg;\/
o&ufç ydEçJé ig;trJw\
Ykd 'kua© b;um; eufe\
J ? raMumufEikd f
½SdMu\? cifrufMu\? xdkYaMumifh avmuü xdktm[m&wdkY\ zsm;rI
emrIESifh ywfoufí aoaom romum; tvGefaygrsm;\/
0d ½ l y u© tp½S d a om tqd y f x ef v S a om a>rBuD ; wd k Y \
'ku©ab;um; tvGefxif½Sm;\? aMumufMu\? a½SmifMuOfMu\?
xdaYk Mumifh avmuü xdak >rBu;D wdu
Yk u
kd í
f ao&aom romrnfonf
tvGe½f mS ;yg;\
"mwfBuD; 4-yg; azmufjyefrIaMumifh ao&olrsm;jcif;

rdrdudk,fcE¨mü jzpfaeMuukefaom "mwfBuD;av;yg;wdkY\
'ku©ab;onf tvGefeufeJ\? rodEdkif raMumufEdkif ½SdMuukef\?
cifrufMu\? tNrJtm;xkwfí arG;jrLodrf;ydkufMu\/
xdkYaMumifh avmuü xdk"mwfBuD;wdkY\ azmufjyefrIESifh
ao&aom romonfru
l m; tb,ftcgrS jywfvyfonf[í
l r½S?d
NrKd U½Gm½Sw
d ikd ;f oif;csKd i;f çokomef tNy;D ½Sad eMuuke\
f ? NrKd U½Gm pnfum;
avav oif;csKdif;okomef pnfum;avav jzpf\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

212

'k u © a Mumif h tyg,f v m;ol - - xdkYtwl avmuü 'ku©
tzdkYudk vdkufpm;í 'kpö½dkufw&m;yGg;rsm;ojzifh tyg,fodkY usa&muf
aom olwdkYum; enf;yg;ukef\/
csrf;omokcaMumifh tyg,f
tyg,fvm;ol-- okctzdkYudk vdkufpm;í

'kp½ö u
kd w
f &m;yGg;rsm;ojzifh tyg,foYkd usa&mufaomolwo
Ykd nfru
l m;
tvGerf sm;jym;uke\
f /
rsufpdt&omudk vdkufpm;rIESifh usa&mufaom olwdkYonf
tvGerf sm;jym;uke\
f /
em;t&omudk vdu
k pf m;rIEiS ?hf ESmacgif;t&omudk vdu
k pf m;rIç
cHwGif; t&om vQmt&omudk vdkufpm;rIç udk,ft*Fgt&omudk
vdkufpm;rIç avmu*kPf[laom raemt&omudk vdkufpm;rIESifh
usa&mufaom olwo
Ykd nf tvGerf sm;jym;uke\
f ? tyg,fbBHk u;D onf
tvGefw&m pnfum;\/
tyg,fbkHESifh axmufpmvdkufonf½Sdaomf vlYbkHç ewfbHkç
jA[®mb
h w
Hk rYkd mS owå0g½So
d nf[í
l yif rajympavmuf½\
dS / tyg,fBu;D
pnfum;orQonf okctzdu
Yk kd vdu
k pf m;olwcYkd sn;f omwnf;? 'kut
© zdYk
udk vdkufpm;ol[lí tvGefenf;yg;&m\/
avmuü t&omraumif;aom toD;rsKd ;ç tom;rsKd ; tpm;
rSm;í a&m*gOy'fjzpfonf aoqk;H onf r½S?d t&om raumif;onf
udk tpmtm[m&yif rjyKMu? t&omaumif;aom tom;rsdK;ç
toD;rsKd ;wdu
Yk kd tpm;rSm;í a&m*gOy'fjzpfonf aoqk;H onf[í
l om
½So
d uho
J w
Ykd nf;/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

213

wPS m aMumif h oH o &m'k u © r S rvG w f E d k i f y k H

avmuü yuwdaomajrpkdifcJ ausmuf cJ ovJ ponfwkdYü
Niw
d ,
G af om wPSmaMumifh oHo&m'kur© S ruRwEf idk o
f nf rvGwEf idk f
onf[lí r½Sd? a½TçaiGç ywåjrm;paom &wemrsKd;wkdYü NidwG,faom
wPSmaMumifhom oHo&m'ku©rS ruRwfEkdif rvGwfEkdif ½SdaeMu\/
tokH;rusaom opfyifç opfwkH;ponfwkdYü NidwG,faom
wPSmaMumifh oHo&m'ku©rS ruRwfEkdifç rvGwfEkdifonf[lí r½Sd?
a,musfm;çrdef;r tcsif;csif; NidwG,fMuaom wPSmaMumifhom
oHo&m'ku©rS ruRwfEkdif rvGwfEkdif ½SdaeMu\/
tyg,fbkHç tyg,fb0wkdYü NidwG,faom wPSmaMumifh
oHo&m'ku©rS ruRwfEkdif rvGwfEkdifonf[lír½Sd? vlYbkHç vlYb0ç
ewfbçHk ewfb0ç jA[®mbkçH jA[®mb0wküYd Niw
d ,
G af om wPSmaMumifh
oHo&m'ku©rS ruRwfEkdif rvGwfEkdif ½SdaeMu\/
tyg,fqif;&JwüYdk Niw
d ,
G af om wPSmaMumifh oHo&m'kur© S
ruRwfEkdifonf rvGwfEkdifonf [lír½Sd? vlYcsrf;om ewfcsrf;omç
jA[®mcsrf;omwkdYü jidwG,faom wPSmaMumifhom oHo&m'ku©rS
ruRwfEdkif rvGwfEdkif½SdaeMu\/
avmuü tokH;rusaom ajrpkdifcJ ½THUcJwkdYü jidwG,faom
wPSmaMumifh oHo&m'ku© tyg,f'ku©wkdYrS ruRwfEkdif rvGwfEdkif
onf[í
l r½S?d rdrw
d \
Ydk pu©Kü jiw
d ,
G af omwPSmç aomwü Cmeü
Zd0gS ü um,ü raemü jiw
d ,
G af om wPSmaMumifo
h m oHo&m'ku©
tyg,'ku©wkdYrS ruRwfEkdif rvGwfEkdif ½SdaeMu&avownf;/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

214

þrQaom pum;&yfwkdYjzifh 'ku©tzkdYjzpfukefaom cE¨m 5yg;½kyfemrfw&m;wkdYü 'ku©ab; 'ku©vu©PmwkdYxuf okctzkdY
jzpfuek af om cE¨m 5-yg; ½kyef mrfw&m;wk\
Yd 'kua© b; 'kuv
© u©Pm
wko
Yd nfom tvGeBf u;D us,v
f u
S ek o
f nfudk &dyrf ½d rHk Q tusO;f tm;jzifh
jyqkv
d u
kd o
f nf/
þwGifa½GUum; 'ku©vu©Pm 'ku©0dyóemwkdYukd
jyqkcd suNf y;D \/
------------ Ä ------------twå e d r d w f tewå v u© P m
tewå 0 d y óemok H ; yg;uk d jyqk d c ef ;
twåedrdwfç tewåvu©Pmç tewå0dyóem okH;yg;ü--twå e d r d w f - - twåedrdwfqkdonfum; tESpfom&½Sdaom
t&dyf t a&mifwnf;? tESpfom&[lonf tb,fenf;? ckdifjrJaom
0w¬KrsKd;wnf;? ckdifjrJaom trIrsKd;wnf;? trmcH txnfcHjzpfaom
0w¬KrsK;d wnf;/
½kyef mrfw&m;wko
Yd nf ykxZk eÆ w
f \
Ydk pdwüf yk*K¾ v
d \
f tESpt
f om;
t&d y f t a&mif xif u k e f \ ? owå 0 g\ tES p f t om;
t&dyfta&mifxifukef\? OD;acgif;ü½Sdaom ½kyfemrfw&m;wkdYonf
OD;acgif;\ tESpftom; t&dyf ta&mif xifukef\/
edpöedrdwfü tus,fjyqkdcJhonfhtwkdif; oP²metjym;
oEÅwdtjym;wkdYukd tukefa0zefí qkdav/
qHyifwpfckü½Sdaom ½kyfw&m;wkdYonf ykxkZÆefwkdY\pdwfü
xdkqHyif\ tESpftom; t&dyfta&mifxifukef\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

215

arG;nif;wpfckü&Sdaom ½kyfw&m;wdkYonf ykxkZÆefwdkY\pdwfü
xkdarT;nif;\ tESpftom; t&dyfta&mifxifukef\/
tPkjrLwpfckü½Sdaom ½kyfw&m;wkdYonf ykxkZÆefwkdY\pdwfü
xkd tPkjrL\ tESpftom; xifukef\/

twåedrdwf tjcif;t&m
yk*¾Kdvf\ tESpftom; Oyrm-- yk*¾Kdvf\ tESpftom;
qkdonfum; oHukdjyKvkyfaom tkd;cGufü oHonf xkdtkd;cGuf\
tESpftom;wnf;? xkdtkd;cGuf\ ukd,fyifwnf;? txnfcH trmcH
yifwnf;? tkd;cGuf[laom pum;\teufum; tkd;oP²mefç cGuf
oP²mefrQonfom y"mejzpf\? b,f[mukjd yKvyk af om tk;d cGu[
f k
ray: ao;? tkd;cGuf\ tom;ukd rodao;? tb,fukdjyKvkyfaom
tk;d cGuef nf;[kar;&m oHujdk yKvyk af om tk;d cGuw
f nf;? oHt;dk çoHcu
G f
wnf;[k ajymqkad om tcgrS xkt
d ;dk cGu\
f tESpt
f om;ukd od&onf?
xkdtkd;cGuf[laom oP²meftxl;\ txnfcH trmcH[laom
uk,
d u
f o
dk &d onf/
xkaYd Mumifh oHt;dk cGuw
f üYdk oHonf xkt
d ;dk cGuw
f \
Ydk twå rnf\?
tESpftom;rnf\? ukd,frnf\? oHtkd;çoHcGufwkdYü oHESifh tkd;cGuf
wjcm;pD cGí
J r&Ny?D oHcidk jf ro
J rQ xkt
d ;dk cGuf ckid jf r\
J / oHtzk;d weforQ
xkdtkd; xkdcGuf tzkd;wef\/
a½Ttkd; a½TcGuf aiGtkd; aiGcGuf ajrtkd; ajrcGuf aMu;tkd;
aMu;cGuf ponfwkdYüvnf; þenf;twlwnf;/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

216

yk * ¾ K d v f E S i f h cE¨ m ig;yg;
xkdYtwl yk*¾Kdvf[laom pum;\ teufonf oP²me
ynwfrQomjzpf\? tom;rygao;? uk,
d x
f nfrygao;? tb,f[m
ukd yk*K¾ v
d q
f o
kd enf;[k tom;ukd ar;&m þ[mukad c:onf[k cE¨m
5-yg;ukd yk*¾Kdvfjzpfonf[k azmfxkwf jyqkdayvwåHU/
xkdYaMumifh cE¨m 5-yg;wkdYonf þuJhokdYaom xkdxkd0w¬Kj'Afç
xkdxkd ud&d,mwkdY\ o½kyfoaumifrsKd;ç trmcHrsKd;ç txnfcHrsKd;ç
tESpftom;rsKd; (jzpfonf? ¤if;cE¨mig;yg;wkdY)ukd xkdxkd0w¬K xkdxdk
ud&d,mwkdY\ twåac:onf? ukd,fac:onf? xkdtwåESifh 0w¬K
ud&,
d mwjcm;pD cGí
J r&Ny?D rdrw
d Ydk twå ckid jf ro
J rQ xkx
d 0dk w¬Ku&d ,
d m
wkdY ckdifjrJukef\? rdrdwkdYtwå tzkd;weforQ xkdxkd0w¬Kud&d,mwkdY
tzk;d wefuek \
f /
xkdYtwl xkdxkdyk*¾KdvfwkdYü toD;toD;½SdMuaom cufrmrIç
zGUJ ap;rIç ylrçI at;rIç vIyjf cm;rIç awmifw
h if;rIç odrçI cHpm;rIç rSwo
f m;rIç
aphaqmfrw
I o
Ydk nf xkyd *k Kd¾ v\
f twå rnfuek \
f ? cufrmrI ponfwYdk
ckdifjrJMuukeforQ xkdxkdyk*¾KdvfwkdY ckdifjrJMuukef\? touf½SnfMu
uke\
f ? cufrmrIponfwo
Ydk nf tESpw
f pf&mckid jf rMJ uukev
f Qif yk*K¾ v
d f
wdo
Yk nf tESpw
f pf&m touf½n
S Mf uuke\
f ? cufrmrIponfwo
Ydk nf
tESpu
f ;kd q,fcikd Nf rMJ uvQif yk*Kd¾ vw
f o
Ykd nf tESpu
f ;dk q,f touf½n
S f
Muuke\
f /
tESpf½Spfq,fç tESpfajcmufq,fç tESpfig;q,fponfwkdYü
vnf; xkdenf;wl qkdav/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

217

<uif;aom t*FgBuD;i,fwkdYüvnf;aumif;ç qHyif arT;nif;
tp½Sdaom aum|mowkdYüvnf;aumif; olUtwåESifhol toD;oD;
qkdav/
tESpfwpf&m tESpfukd;q,f ponfckdifjrJrIqkdonfum;
tESpw
f pf&m tESpu
f ;dk q,f ponfw\
Ydk twGi;f ü jzpfjcif; ysujf cif;
[lí wpfBudrfwpfcgrQ r½Sdqkdvkdonf/
þum; cufrmrI ponfwkdYonfyifvQif ig\ukd,fwnf;[k
ykxZk eÆ f wk\
Yd pdwüf xifíaeaom twåerd w
d \
f tjcif;t&mwnf;/
tvkdokdY vkdufoa,mif-- tvko
d Ydk vku
d rf o
I nfvnf; twå
edrw
d \
f tjcif;t&myifwnf;? tvko
d v
Ydk u
dk rf q
I o
dk nfum; xkyd *k K¾ v
d f
ü½Sdaom cufrmrIonf xkdyk*¾Kdvf\ tvkdokdY vkduf\? yk*¾KdvfoGm;
vkv
d Qif cufrmrI oGm;\? yk*K¾ v
d f &yfvv
dk Qif cufrmrI &yf\? þenf;wl
yk*K¾ v
d Ef iS hf jyKjyKorQaom cyford ;f aom um,uHrçI 0pDurH çI raemuH
rIwdkYü cufrmrIonf yk*¾dKvftvdkokdYvdkuf\/
zGJUap;rI ponfwdkYüvnf; þenf;wlqdkav/
--------- Ä --------rme\pG J v rf ; csuf
twåtjcif;t&m-- tvdkodkY vdkufapEdkifrIESifhtpdk;&rIum;
twlwyl if? yk*Kd¾ v\
f tvdu
k kd rvGeq
f efvQif tpd;k &awmh\? tpd;k &
vQif rvGefqefNyD? tvdkodkY vdkuf&awmhonf? þum; igü &Sdaom
cufrmrI ponfonf ig\tvdkodkYvdkuf\? igtvdk&Sdwdkif;jyKEdkif\?
tpd;k &\? igESit
hf uGt
J jym; r&SMd uNy[
D k ykxZk eÆ w
f \
Ykd pdwüf t½d;k pdu
k f
xifíaeaom twåtjcif;t&mwnf;/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

218

ed p ö \ tjcif ; t&m-- edpö\tjcif;t&mESifh twåtjcif;
t&monf rsm;pGmruGJMu? ½kyfcE¨m emrfcE¨mwdkYudk edpörsdK; jyKvkyfí
yk*¾dKvf&Sd\? owå0g&Sd\? ig&Sd\? rdef;r a,musfm;&Sd\? OD;acgif;ç ajcç
vuf ponf&Sd\[k ajymqdkrIonf edpö\tjcif;t&mwnf;? rme\
pGv
J rf;csuw
f nf;/
'd | d \ pG J v rf ; csuf
1/ yk*¾dKvfqdkonfum; b,f[mudk qdkvdkoenf;/
2/ owå0gqdkonfum; b,f[mudk qdkvdkoenf;/
3/ igqdkonfum; b,f[mudk qdkvdkoenf;/
4/ rdef;r a,musfm;qdkonfum; b,f[mudk qdkvdko
enf;- ar;cGifhqdkuf&müþ[mudkqdkownf;[k cE¨mig;yg;udk yk*¾dKvfç owå0gç igç
olwpfyg;ç a,musfm;ç rdef;rç OD;acgif;ç ajcç vuf ponfjyKí
ajymqdkrIonf 'd|d\ pGJvrf;csufwnf;/
ted p ö v u© P mjrif v Qif
ed p ö ç twå e d r d w f uG , f a ysmuf j cif ;
a&S;ü jyqdkcJhNyD;aom £&d,mykxfajymif;vJrIç cyfodrf;aom
udk,ft*Fgç EIwft*Fgç pdwft*FgvIyf&Sm;rIwdkYü tvIyfrcHç tvSufrcH
csKyfysufíaeaom cE¨m 5-yg;wdkY\ tedpövu©Pmudk ÓPftjrif
aygufcJhonf&Sdaomf edpöedrdwfonf uG,faysmuf\? edpöedrdwfuG,f
aysmufcJhvQif twåedrdwfonf uG,faysmufawmhonf/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

219

tvd k o d k Y r vd k u f a om cE¨ m 5-yg;
5-yg;-- cPrpJ csKyfysufí
aoqHk;aeaom cufrmrI tp&SdaomcE¨m 5-yg;onf tESpfwpf&m
tESpfudk;q,fponf cdkifNrJEdkifrnf tvGefa0;avpG? wpfrdepf
wpfem&DrQ cdkifNrJonfr[kwf? raorqHk;yJ wpfrdepf wpfem&D
touf&SnfEdkifaom ½kyfcE¨mç emrfcE¨m[lí wpfpHkwpfckrQ r½Sd?
wpfem&D wpfrdepftwGif;rSmyif tcgrsm;pGm aoqHk;Mu&ukef\/
yk*¾dKvfç owå0grnfonf wpfb0wGif wpfcgjzpf wpfcgaoom
t½d;k &S\
d ? wpfb0wGif tcgcgjzpfay:onf/ tcgcgaoqk;H onf[k
t½d;k r&S/d
xdkodkYjzpfí wpfrdepfwGif tcgcgjzpf-tcgcgaoíae&aom
½kycf E¨memrfcE¨mpkonf wpfb0wGif wpfcgjzpfwpfcgaoom t&d;k ½Sd
aomyk*Kd¾ v\
f txnfcH trmcH tESpo
f m& twå tb,frmS jzpfEikd f
vwåUH enf;? tenf;i,frQ tvIyt
f vSyrf cH ysuq
f ;kH íaeaom cE¨m5yg;onf yk*¾dKvfoGm;vdkvQif oGm;\? &yfvdkvQif &yf\ tp½Sdaom
tvdkvdkufrI[lí tPkjrLrQ r&Sdav/
þpum;ü apm'em&ef ½Sd\apm'em-- owå0g trsm;wdkYonf rdrdwdkYcE¨m 5-yg;ESifhyif
oGm;jcif; &yfjcif; tp½Sdaom trIwdkYudktvkd½Sdwdkif;jyKí aeMuonf
um; udk,fawGU rsufjrif txift½Sm;jzpfMu\? xdkodkYjzpfygvsuf
cE¨m 5-yg;onf yk*¾dKvfoGm;vdkvQif oGm;\? &yfvdkvQif&yf\
tp½Sdaom tvdkvdkufrI r½Sd[k tb,fhaMumifh qdkygoenf;[k
ar;&ef½Sd\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

220

tajz-- wpfckaom cufrmrIonf rcsKyfrysufrlí yk*¾dKvf
oGm;vdkvQifoGm;\? &yfvdkvQif&yf\ tp½Sdaom tvdkvdkufrI r½Sd
onfudk qdkayownf;/
oEå w d t rI r Qom
avmuü cE¨m5-yg;ESifhyif oGm;jcif; &yfjcif; tp½Sdaom
trIwdkYudk tvdk½Sdwdkif;jyKí aeMuonfrSmrlum; cufrmrI topf
topfudk tqufqufpDpOfí jrpfa&t,OfuJhodkY tpOfoEÅwd\
trIomwnf;/
pdwfü yk*¾dKvft[kwf ½Sdíaeaom olrSmomvQif yk*¾dKvf\
oGm;jcif; yk*¾dKvf\ &yfjcif;ponf½Sdae\/
yk*¾dKvf[lí t[kwfr½Sd? cufrmrI ponfom ½SdaomolrSm
yk*Kd¾ v\
f oGm;jcif; yk*Kd¾ v\
f &yfjcif;ponfyifr½S?d xdck ufrmrI ponf
omvQif tvIyf tvSufrcH ysufqHk;íaeMuaom w&m;pkjzpfí
avmursujf rifjzpfaom oGm;rI&yfru
I kd jyKíaeEkid af om w&m;[lí
wpfpHkwpfckrQr½Sd? oEÅwdrIrQom ½Sdownf;/
xdkodkY oEÅwdtm;jzifh tvdkvdkufrI ½SdaeonfrSmvnf; cE¨m
5-yg; ½kyef mrfw&m;wk\
Yd yuwdoabmr[kw?f jrpfa&udk tvd½k &dS m
odq
Yk efwufíygavatmif jyKjyifru
I o
hJ Ykd vufy;l vufMuyf jyKjyifí
,l&aom tm*EåKurIomwnf;/
xdkpum;rSef\? arG;zGm;ptcguyif rjyKrjyifbJ aygufvTwf
xm;cJhaomf ESpf&ufoHk;&uftwGif;rSm okomefodkYxkwfí pGefYypf&
vwåHUonfum; rkcsrvGJwnf;/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

221

xdktcgrS aemufüem&DpOfrsm;pGm aeYpOfrsm;pGm vpOf ESpfpOf
rsm;pGm wnf½SdívmMuonfum; tpmtm[m& axmufyHhrI tp&Sd
aom jyKjyifrIwdkY\ tpGrf;oufoufomwnf;/
[k w f o nf r[k w f o nf u k d ÓPf ü xif ½ S m ;apvd k a omf
xdkjyKjyifrIwdkYudk tukefEkwfy,fíMunfh? ukd,fwGif;ü tm[m&
tvQi;f jywfonfEiS w
hf pfNyKd ief uf ydik ;f ydik ;f vJí aoqH;k onfukd ÓPfü
jrifvrd rhf nf/
tpdk;r&aom cE¨m 5-yg;
5-yg;/
/apm'em&ef ½Sdjyef\apm'em/ / xdkodkYjyKjyifí &rIonfyifvQif tpdk;&rI wpfrsKd;
r[kwfygavm[k ar;&ef½Sd\/
y&d [ m&/
jyKjyifí &rIqkdaomfvnf; yk*¾Kdvftvkd½Sd
wkid ;f &onf r[kw?f yk*K¾ v
d \
f pdwt
f vkrd sm;jym;ykEH iS hf axmufpmaomf
jyKjyifí &½Sdaom t&monf tenf;i,frQomjzpf\/
xkt
d enf;i,frQuydk if toufxufq;Hk tvGeMf uyfwnf;pGm
jyKjyifMu&\? jyKjyifwkdif;&cJhvQif avmuü t½G,fra&mufrD
twGi;f rSm zsm;jcif; emjcif; aojcif;aysmufjcif;[líyif r½Sad v&m/
apm'em/ tenf;i,frQ jyKjyifí &rIonfyifvQif tpk;d &rI
wpfck qko
d ifyh gonf r[kwaf vm[k ar;&ef½\
dS /
y&d [ m&/ jyKjyifrIqkduwnf;uyif tpkd;&rI r[kwfNyD?
rdrt
d vko
d Ydk ygapjcif;iSg rdru
d a½S;OD;pGm wifu;l í
olUuRefcH&rIom wnf;/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

222

,ckaeYü tpma&pm axmufyahH rG;jrLrIEiS hf olUuRecf EH idk yf g vQif
tEÅ&m,fr½SdcJhaomf ,aeYwpf&uf rwfrwfrm;rm; aeEkdif\?
eufjzefüolUuRefrcHEkdifvQif eufjzefü ykdif;ykdif;vJ\? onfvü
olUuRefcHEkdifygvQif onfvü ae&m\? aemufvü ykdif;ykdif;vJ\?
onfESpfü olUuRefcHEkdifygvQif onfESpfü ae&m\? aemufESpfü
ykid ;f ykid ;f vJ\/
onfb0ü um,uH 0pDuH raemuHwkdYukd Muyfwnf;pGm
apmifhcsKyfrI vSLrI 'gef;rIwkdYESifh olUuRefcHEkdifygvQif aemufb0ü
vljzpf\? ewfjzpf\? uRerf cHEidk v
f Qif tyg,fav;yg;okYd ykid ;f ykid ;f vJ\/
jyKjyif r I o nf ocF g &'k u ©
þok d Y v Qif jyKjyif r I [ l o nf ocF g &'k u © E S i f h ol U uRef c H r I
oufoufomwnf;? jyKjyifrIrnfonf avmuü vufpm;rIuJhokdY
wnf;? vufpm;rIqo
dk nfum; olUudpu
ö dk iguaqmifvQif ighupd u
ö dk
ollaqmifjrJwnf;? tpkd;&rI r[kwf/
wpfOD;aomolu aMu;aiGay;cJhvQif wpfa,mufaomolu
xkad Mu;aiGEiS hf wefoavmufaom xko
d \
l trIudk vkyaf qmif&\?
aMu;aiGay; aomolu aMu;uReaf iGuRecf rH w
I nf;? vkyaf qmifou
l
vluRefcHrIwnf;? tpkd;&rIr[kwf/
þjyKjyifrItwGufESifh touf½SnforQ wnfaeí um,uH
0pDuH raemuHrw
I u
Ydk dk tvk½d &dS m w½G½G w<u<u aqmif½u
G í
f aeMu
&ukef\? tpkd;&rI[lí tPkjrLrQ r½SdMuukef? jyKjyifrI cyfodrf;wkdY\
tpGrf;oufoufomwnf;? cyfodrf;aom 'kpö½kduftrkduftrSm;
teEÅwkdYonf cE¨mwkdYukd jyKjyifrIwkdYrS jzpfyGg;ukef\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

223

ukef;owå0g a&owå0gwkdYukd tukefajrmfav/
ocF g &'k u © euf e J y k H
toufarG;rI tpmtm[m&rIESifh wpfavmuvkH; 'kpö½kduf
avmuBuD; jzpfaeykHukd jrif&vdrfhrnf? jyKjyifrIBuD; tjrJzkH;vTrf;í
aeonf h t wG u f a Mumif h cE¨ m 5-yg;wk d Y \ tpk d ; r&rI B uD ; onf
tvG e f e uf e J í ae\? jrif ; rk d & f a wmif B uD ; zk H ; vT r f ; íaeaom
rkefYn§if;aphuJhokdY tvm;wl\? ynm½SdwkdY &dyfrd½kHrQ jyqkdvkdufonf?
jyKjyifrIawGukd taphtpyf jrifwwfrS &dyfrdMurnf/
y|mef; 24-ypönf;onf jyKjyifrItokdufttkHukd urf;ukef
vrf;ukef a0zefaom tpDt&ifaywnf;? eufeJavpG/
tpkd;r&aom tvkdokdYrvkdufaom cE¨mig;yg;wkdYukd tpkd;&
onfç tvkdokdYvkdufonf[k xifaeMu&mü taMumif;&if;BuD;
wpfckukd jyqkdOD;tHh/
tvk d 2-rsKd ; / / tvkdonf--1/ yk*¾Kdvf\ tvkd?
2/ "r®\ tvkd?
[líESpfrsKd;½Sd\/
yk * ¾ K d v f t vk d - - yk*¾Kdvf\ tvkdqkdonfum; cyfodrf;aom
owå0gwkdYonf yuwdaom oabmtm;jzifh terw*¾oHo&mü
csr;f omuko
d m tpOfxm0& tvk½d MdS uuke\
f ? w&HwqpfrQ qif;&Judk
tvkdr½SdMuukef? aumif;jrwfonfukdom tpOfxm0& tvkd½SdMu
ukef\? ,kwfnHhonfukd w&HwqpfrQ tvkdr½SdMuukef/
þum; yk*¾Kdvf\ tvkdwnf;? yk*¾Kdvf\ tBudKufwnf;/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

224

"r®tvkd-- "r®tvkd[l&mü cyfodrf;aom ocFg&"r®wkdYonf
jyKjyifrIudk tjrJtvkd½Sdukef\? tjyKtjyif tvGefBudKufukef\/
oaAÁ owåm tm[m&|dwdum--- [laom ygVdawmfjrwfESifh
tnD rdrd rdrdwkdY BudKuf&m BudKuf&m taMumif;w&m;wnf;[laom
tpmtm[m&ukd tjrJudpö tvkd½SdMuukef\? tpmtm[m&ESifh
uif;cJhvQif rsufawmifwpfcwfrQ raeEkdifMuukef? csKyfuG,fíom
oGm;Muukef\? tpmtm[m&jynfhpkHvQif jynfhpkHonfhtavsmuf
Bu;D yGg;pnfum;Muuke\
f ? tpmtm[m&avsmyh g;vQif avsmyh g;onfh
tavsmuf qkwf,kwfMuukef\? xif;rD;pmESifh rD;uJhokdYwnf;/
þum; ½kyfemrfESpfyg;wkdYESifh qufqHaom "r®tvkdwnf;/
vl e ma&m*gES i f h "mwf B ud K uf "mwf p m Oyrm
þü ½ky"f mwfç emrf"mwfw\
Ydk "mwfBuKd uu
f dk "r®tvkq
d o
dk nf?
avmuü ruse;f rrm½SMd u&mü "mwfBuKd uaf om tpmç "mwfrBuKd uf
aom tpm[lí a½G;cs,Mf u&\? olem\ tvkt
d BuKd uu
f dk rvku
d rf í
l
tZÑw"å mwfw\
Ydk tvkçd "mwfw\
Ydk tBuKd uu
f dk ynmjzifh qifjcifí
"mwftvk½d adS omtpmç "mwf BuKd uaf om tpmç "mwfawmif;aom
tpmukd ay;rS a&m*gaysmufNidrf;onf? "mwftvkdr½Sdaomtpmç
"mwfrBudKufaom tpmç "mwf rawmif;aom tpmukd ay;cJhvQif
aq;twGuf Oy'fjzpfwwfonf/
yx0D v G e f u J í jzpf a omtemü yx0D " mwf B ud K uf u k d
ay;rdjyefvQif a&m*gwk;d \? yx0D"mwfrBuKd uaf om tpmukad y;&m\?
yx0DEí
HYk jzpfaom temü yx0D"mwfBuKd uaf om tpmukd ay;&m\?
yx0D"mwfrBuKdufaom tpmukda½Smif&m\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

225

xkdtwl tmaygemponfwkdYüvnf; tvGefç tEkHYukdodí
tmayg"mwf BudKufaomtpmç tmayg"mwf rBudKufaom tpmç
awaZmBudKufaomtpmç awaZm rBudKufaom tpmç 0ga,m
BuKd uaf omtpmç 0ga,m rBuKd uaf om tpmç onf;ajc "mwfBuKd uf
rBudKufaomtpmç ovdyf"mwfBudKuf rBudKufaom tpmwkdYukd
a½G;cs,fíay;&onf/
tBud K uf 3-rsd K ;
1/ olemjzpfol yk*¾dKvfu tBudKufwpfrsdK;?
2/ a&m*gu tBudKufwpfrsdK;?
3/ tZÑwå"mwfwkdY\ tBudKufwpfrsdK;?
[lí 3-rsdK;½Sd\/
1/ yk*¾dKvftBudKufukd yk*¾dKvfu awmif;wwf\/
2/ a&m*gtBudKufukd a&m*g[laom 0dor "mwfqkd;
"mwf0g;wkdYu awmif;wwfukef\/
3/ tZÑw"å mwfw\
Ydk tBuKd uu
f dk tZÑw"å mwfwu
Ydk awmif;
wwfuek \
f /
þtZÑw"å mwfw\
Ydk tBuKd uu
f dk vku
d &f m\? yk*Kd¾ vt
f BuKd uf
a&m*g tBudKufwdkYudk rvdkuf&m? yk*¾dKvftBudKuf a&m*gtBudKufudk
vkdufrdvQif rSm;wwf\? a&m*gwkd;wwf\? aowwf\? tZÑwå
"mwftBudKufESihf yk*¾dKvftBudKuf xyfwlusaomtcg oifhavsmf\?
olemjzpfolu b,f[mukd tvkd½Sdonfqkd&mü tBudKufokH;rsdK;
axG;íaewwf\? tvkdvkdufrSm;wwf\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

226

yk * ¾ d K vf \ tBud K uf - - þpum;ü yk * ¾ d K vf t Bud K uf q k d
aomfvnf; a½S;üjyqkdcJhaom yuwdobm0tBudKuf r[kwfao;?
xkdrSwpfyg;vnf; avmuü aps;½kHwkdYü½Sdukefaom aumif;aom
t&om½Su
d ek af om tjrpf t½Guf tyGihf toD; pm;zG,f aomufz,
G f
cJzG,f vsufzG,f [lorQwkdYonf yk*¾dKvf\tBudKufwkdYwnf;/
"mwf \ tBud K uf - - awmcsH K wk d Y ü ½S d u k e f a om cg;pyf
eHapmfaom t&om½Sdukefaom tjrpf t½Guf tyGifh toD;wkdYonf
vnf;aumif;ç bdaE¨maq; taygif;wkdYonfvnf;aumif;ç tpkd;&
aq;½kw
H üYdk ½Su
d ek af om cg;pyf eHapmfaom aq;wko
Yd nfvnf;aumif;
"mwftBudKuf wnf;/
yk*K¾d vf tBuKd uw
f o
Ydk nf tema&m*gwku
Yd dk jzpfapwwfuek \
f ?
touf cE¨mwkdYukd qkH;yg;apwwfukef\/
"mwftBudKufwkdYonf tema&m*gwkdYukd aysmufNidrf;apwwf
ukef\? toufcE¨mwkdYukd ½Snfapwwfukef\/
yk*¾dKvftBudKuf t"dyÜg,f-- þüvnf; yk*¾dKvftBudKufqkd
onfum; wPSmtBudKufukd qkdownf;? a½S;ü jyqkdcJhaom yuwd
obm0tBudKuf r[kwfao;/
tBud K uf ES p f v rf ; -- þokdYvQif avmuüvnf; yk*¾Kdvf
tBudKuf wpfvrf;ç yk*¾dKvfoEÅmefü ½Sdaeukefaomtwåabm\
tapmift
h a½Smufjzpfuek af om ajr"mwf a&"mwf rD;"mwf av"mwf
ovdyf"mwf onf;ajc"mwf tp½Sdukefaom 0dor"mwfwkdY\
tBuKd uw
f pfvrf;[lí tBuKd uEf pS v
f rf; xif½mS ;½So
d nfudk odtyf\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

227

pdwf "r® tvkdukd jyqkdcsuf
w&m;usrf;*ef tvkdwkdYüvnf;--pdawåe ed,swd avmaum? pdawåe y&duówd/
pdwåó {u "r®ó? oaAÁ0 0orEG*l/ (ygVdawmf)
avmaum=vltaygif;uk?d pdawåe=pdwo
f nf? ed,sw=d trku
d f
vrf; trSm;vrf;okdY aqmifykdY\/
avmaum=vltaygif;ukd? pdawåe=pdwfonf? y&duówd=
trkdufvrf; trSm;vrf;okdY twif;qGJiif\/
oaAÁ0=tvkH;pkHom vQifjzpfaom owå0gtaygif;wkdYonf?
{u"r®ó=jyKjyifjcif;r½Sd yuwdtvkdtm;jzifh trkduftrSm;okdY
aqmifjcif;oabm wpfvrf;om½Sdaom? pdwåó=pdwf\? 0oH=
tvkdokdY? tEG*l=tpOfvkdufí aeMuukef\/
þygVdawmfjzifhyk*¾dKvftvkdum; wpfvrf;ç pdwftvkdum; wpfvrf;[k
xif½mS ;vS\/
,ck avmuü jyKvkyfí aeMuukefonfum; yuwdaom
yk*K¾d vt
f vkd r[kw?f pdwt
f vkd oufoufjzpfonf[í
l xif½mS ;vS\/
xkdrSwpfyg; w&m;usrf;*efwkdYü--avmb tvkdokdYrvkduf&mç wPSm tvkdokdYrvkduf&mç a'go
tvkdokdY rvkduf&mç rmetvkdokdY rvkduf&mç 'd|dtvkdokdY rvkduf&mç
£óm rpä&,
d tvko
d Ydk rvku
d &f mç 0dwufç 0dpm&tvko
d Ydk rvku
d &f mç
tp½Sdonfjzifh vmaomaMumifh cyfodrf;aom emru©E¨mw&m;
wkdYonf tvkdtoD;oD; "mwfBudKuftoD;oD; jzpfMuukef\[k

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

228

xif½mS ;vS\/
xkrd w
S pfyg;--"r® t vk d 6-yg;uk d jyqk d c suf
1/ pu©KH acg rm*@d, ½lyg&mrH ½ly&wH ½lyor®K'dwH/
2/ aomwH acg rm*@d, o'´g&mrH o'´&wH o'´or®K'dwH/
3/ CmeH acg rm*@d, *E¨m&mrH *E¨&wH *E¨or®K'dwH/
4/ Zd0Sg acg rm*@d, &om&mrH &o&wH &oor®K'dwH/
5/ uma,m acg rm*@d, azm|AÁm&marm azm|AÁ&awm
azm|AÁor®K'dawm/
6/ raem acg rm*@d , "r¨ m &marm "r® & awm
"r®or®K'dawm/
(rm*@d,okwf ygVdawmf/)
pu© K tMud K uf
1/ rm*@d,=rm*@dy&dAkdZf&[ef;? pu©KH=rsufpdonf?
½lyg&mrH=tqif;trsKd;rsKd;vQif arGUavsmf&m½Sd\?
½ly&wH=tqif;trsKd;rsKd;ü arGUavsmfwwf\?
½lyor®K'dwH=tqif;trsKd;rsKd;ü aysmfjrL;wwf\?
aomwtMud K uf
2/ rm*@d,=rm*@dy&AkZd &f [ef;? aomwH=em;onf?
o'´g&mrH=toHtrsKd;rsKd;vQif arGUavsmf&m½Sd\?
o'´&wH=toHtrsKd;rsKd;ü arGUavsmfwwf\?
o'´or®K'dwH=toHtrsKd;rsKd;ü aysmfjrK;wwf\?

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

229

CmetBud K uf
3/ rm*@d,=rm*@dy&dAkdZf&[ef;? CmeH=ESmacgif;
onf?
*E¨m&mrH=teHYtrsKd;rsKd;vQif arGUavsmf&m½Sd\?
*E¨&wH=teHYtrsKd;rsKd;ü arGUavsmfwwf\?
*E¨or®K'dwH=teHYtrsKd;rsdK;ü aysmfjrL;wwf\/
Zd 0 S g tBud K uf
4/ rm*@d,=rm*@dy&dAkdZf&[ef;? Zd0Sg=vQmonf?
&om&mrH=t&omtrsKd;rsKd;vQif arGUavsmf&m½Sd\?
&o&wH=t&omtrsKd;rsKd;ü arGUavsmfwwf\?
&oor®K'dwH=t&omtrsKd;rsKd;ü aysmfjrL;wwf\/
um,tBud K uf
5/ rm*@d,=rm*@dy&dAkdZf&[ef;? uma,m= ukd,f
onf?
azm|AÁ&marm=tawGU txdtrsK;d rsK;d vQif arGUavsmf
&m½Sd\?
azm|AÁ&awm=tawGUtxdtrsKd;rsKd;ü arGUavsmf
wwf\/
azm|AÁor®K'ad wm=tawGUtxd trsK;d rsK;d ü aysmjf rL;
wwf\/
raemtBud K uf
6/ rm*@d,=rm*@dy&dAkdZf&[ef;? raem=pdwfonf?
"r®m&marm=*kPfpaom "r®m½kHtrsKd;rsKd;vQif arGU

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

230

avsmf&m½Sd\?
"r®&awm=*kPfpaom "r®m½kHtrsKd;rsKd;ü arGUavsmf
wwf\?
"r®or®K'ad wm=*kPpf aom "r®m½kt
H rsK;d rsK;d ü aysmjf rL;
wwf\/
þygVdawmfjrwfenf;tm;jzifh wpfa,muf wpfa,mufaom
ol\ cE¨mukd,fü pu©KtBudKuf aomwtBudKuf CmetBudKuf
Zd0SgtBudKuf um,tBudKuf raemtBudKuf[lí "r®tvkd ajcmuf
yg;½S\
d /
pu©Ktvkdponf/ / pu©K'Gg&üjzpfaom "r®cyfodrf;wkdY\
tvku
d dk pu©Ktvkq
d o
dk nf/ aemufig;yg;wküYd vnf; þenf;wl odav/
xkdajcmufyg;wkdYwGif--1/ pu© K "r® t vk d
tqif ; aumif ; oP² m ef a umif ;
BudKufrIonf pu©KtrSL;½Sdaom "r®
wkdY\ tvkdwnf;/
2/ aomw"r® t vk d toHaumif; BudKufrIonf aomw
trSL;½Sdaom "r®wkdY\ tvkdwnf;/
3/ Cme"r® t vd k teHaY umif; BuKd urf o
I nf CmetrSL;½Sd
aom "r®wkdY\ tvkdwnf;/
4/ Zd 0 S g "r® t vk d
xrif;aumif; [if;aumif; BudKufrIç
t&omaumif; BudKufrIonf Zd0Sg
trSL;½Sdaom "r®wkdY\ tvkdwnf;/

tpodYk
5/ um,"r® t vk d

bm0em'DyeD

231

acsmarGUaom tcif;aumif; t½kH
aumif ; Bud K uf r I ç uk d , f t *F g csif ;
tawGUaumif; txd aumif;BuKd urf I
onf um,trSL;½Sdaom "r®wkdY\
tvkw
d nf;/
6/ raem"r® t vk d trsK;d *kPu
f dk om,mrIç tEG,*f P
k u
f dk
om,mrIç Opöm"e*kPfukd om,mrIç
£ó&d, tpkd;&*kPfukd om,mrIç
rk d u f * k P f u k d om,mrI ç avmuü
vdrfrm*kPfukd om,mrIç vlcsD;rGrf;
onfukd om,mrIç ½SifcsD;rGrf;onfukd
om,mrIç 'kpö½kdufwkdYü arGUavsmfrIç
rdpmä t,lwüYdk arGUavsmrf I tp½So
d nf
wkdYonf raemtrSL;½Sdaom "r®wkdY\
tvkw
d nf;/
þokv
Yd Qif a'oemawmfü cyford ;f aom ½ky"f r®ç emrf"r®w\
Ydk
toD;oD;aom tvkdwkdYrnfonf xif½Sm;pGm vm½Sdukef\/
þokdYvQif yuwdaom yk*¾Kdvfowå0gwkdY\ tvkdtBudKuf
wpfrsKd;ç yk*¾Kdvf owå0gwkdY\ oEÅmefü ½SdMuukefaom cyfodrf;aom
"mwf cyfodrf;aom"r®wkdY\ toD;oD;aom "r®tvkd "r®tBudKuf
wpfrsKd;[lí tvkdtBudKuf ESpfrdsK;wkdYonf avmutm;jzifhvnf;
aumif;ç w&m;usr;f *eftm;jzifv
h nf;aumif; xif½mS ;vsuf ½Su
d ek \
f /
þum; tvkdESpfyg; cGJcef;wnf;/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

232

yk*¾KdvftvkdESifh "r®tvkd qefYusifykH
yk*¾Kdvftvkd-- tMuifowå0gwkdYonf "mwf½l; "mwfaemuf
wk\
Yd aESmuf,u
S jf cif;rSuif;í vlyuwdç ewfyuwd Munfvifjcif;
½SMd uuke\
f ? xko
d wå0gwku
Yd dk orÜwçdå 0dywåEd pS yf g;½So
d nfwiG f orÜwu
då dk
tvk½d MdS uukeo
f avmç 0dywåu
d dk tvk½d MdS uukeo
f avm[k ar;onf½dS
aomf orÜwådukd tvkd½Sdonfç 0dywådukd tvkdr½Sd[k ajymqkdMu
ukev
f wåUH /
orÜwåd-- orÜwådqkdonfum; jrifhjrwfaom *kPf? ukd,fpdwf
ESpfjzm csrf;omaom*kPf? þ*kPfESpfyg;wnf;/
0d y wå d - - 0dywådqkdonfum; ,kwfnHhaom'ku©? ukd,fpdwf
ESpfjzm rcsrf;omaom 'ku©wnf;/
orÜwu
då dk tvk½d MdS uonf½adS omf tcku
d t
f wefrY Qudk tvk½d MdS u
ukefoavmç tpOfxm0&ukd tvkd½SdMuukefoavm[k ar;onf½Sd
aomf terw*¾oo
H &mESit
hf rQ tpOfxm0& jrifjh rwfcsr;f omonf
ukd tvkd½SdMuygukefonf [kajymqkdMuukefvwåHU/
"mwf½l;"mwfaemufwkdY\ aESmuf,Sufjcif;aMumifh yuwd
aom owå0gwkdY\ tvkdESifhuif;uGmckduf BuKHBudKufaomolwkdY\
tvkdonfrlum; owå0gwkdY\ yuwdtvkdr[kwf? rdpäm"r® ygy"r®
wkdY\ tvkdomwnf;/
"r®tvkd-- "r®wkdY\ tvkdüvnf; avmursufjrif jyKjyifrI
wkdYrS uif;aom yuwdtvkdudkom y"mejyK&m\? jyKjyifrIaMumifh
jzpfaom tm*EÅKtvkdukd y"me rjyK&m/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

233

yk * ¾ K d v f t vk d E S i f h pu© K tvk d qef Y u sif y k H
yk*K¾ v
d w
f \
Ydk yuwdtvkEd iS hf pu©K\ yuwdtvkd qefu
Y sizf uf
jzpfykHukd jyqkdtHh/
pu©Ktvkd-- pu©K\ tvkdqkdvQif rsufpdjrifrIvQif t&if;½Sd
ukefaom tvkH;pkHaom "r®wkdY\ tvkdukd,lav/
yk*¾Kdvftvkd-- þowå0gwko
Yd nf vGeaf vNy;D aom terw*¾
oHo&mü pu©Kudk txGwt
f jrwfjzpfaom rdrw
d Ydk uk,
d t
f *Fg jyKvyk í
f
vmMuukefaomfvnf; owå0gwkdYonf yuwdtvkdtm;jzifh b0
tqufquf urÇmtqufquf orÜw[
då al omwufvrf; qefvrf;
uko
d m tjrt
J vk½d MdS uuke\
f ? 0dywå[
d al om atmufoYdk pkev
f rf; arsm
vrf; avQmusvrf;ukd tvkdr½SdMuukef/
pu© K tvk d /
/ rdrdwkdY\ pu©KwkdYonfum;--tqif;oP²mef trsK;d rsK;d wküYd om,mjcif;vQif t&if;½Sad om
avmbç arm[trSL;½Sdaom udavomteEÅç a'go arm[
trSL;½Sdaom udavomteEÅç 'd|dtrSL;½Sdaom udavomteEÅç
rmetrSL;½Sdaom udavomteEÅç £ómç rpä&d,trSL;½Sdaom
udavomteEÅwu
Ydk dk jzpf&mb0tm;avsmpf mG aeYpOfygG ;rsm;apukeí
f
owå0gwkdYukd 0dywåd[laom pkefvrf; arsmvrf; avQmusvrf;okdY
a½S;½IonfwkdYukdom jyKMuukef\/
owå0gwkdYonf rdrdwkdY\ pu©KtwGufESifh wpfckwpfckaom
b0twGi;f ü rsm;pGmaom udavomrIç rsm;pGmaom 'kp½ö u
dk rf w
I jYdk zifh
jynfhMu&ukef\? aoonf\ tjcm;rJh tjcm;rJhwkdYü pu©KwkdYonf

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

234

a&\ yuwdoabmuJhokdY atmufatmuf tzkdYokdY avQmusMu
uke\
f /
jA[®mph u©Kaysmufu,
G í
f ewfpu©Kç vlUpu©Kç acG;ç0ufç Muufç
iSuçf jcifç rSuçf yk;d avmuftp½Sad om tyg,fpu©K jzpfvmMuuke\
f ?
vlUpu©K aysmufuG,fí tyg,fpu©K jzpfvmMuukef\? tyg,fpu©K
wpfBurd jf zpfvmMuonfaemuf tyg,fpu©K tqufaygif; b0wpf
odef; b0wpfoef;ponf usifvnf½Snfvsm;í oGm;Muukef\/
umPupäaygyrokwåefa'oemawmfukd ajrmfMuav/
owå0gwkdYonfrlum; rdrdwkdYpu©Kukd rdrdwkdYtwå[k pGJvrf;rI
½Sad eMuukeo
f nfjzpfí pu©KwYdk oGm;&mokYd b0ruGm xufMuyfygMu&
avuke\
f ? pGv
J rf;Muonft
h wkid ;f pu©Kwo
Ydk nf owå0gwk\
Yd tvko
d Ydk
vkdufukefonf jzpfjim;tHh? owå0gwkdYtvkd½Sd&m qefvrf; wufvrf;
bufoo
Ydk m b0ruGm xufMuyfygMuuke&f m\? aoonf\ aemufü
txuftxuf pu©KwkdYom jzpfay:í vdkufukef&m\ qkdvdkonf/
xkdokdYum; r[kwf? owå0gwkdYuom pu©KwkdY\tvkdokdY
pu©KwkdY\ tvm;okdY ighukd,f ighukd,f[k trSefjyKí tpOfwpkduf
tjrJvkdufMuukefonfjzpfí pu©KwkdYoGm;&mokdYom b0ruGm
xufMuyfygvsuf aeMu&uke\
f ? tyg,frS vGwMf ujyefvQif vlUpu©Kç
ewfpu©Kjzpfí vmMujyefuek \
f ? wpfzef vlUpu©KrS ewfpu©Kç jA[®mh
pu©K jzpfvmMuukef\/
xkdokdYjzpfvmrIonfum; pu©KwkdY\yuwdoabmr[kwf?
ya,m*\ tpGr;f aMumifh jrpfa&onf tnmokYd twefi,f qefwuf
ouJhokdY olawmfaumif;w&m;wdkYESifh Muyfwnf;pGm jyKjyifrItwGuf

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

235

aMumifh qefwufro
I mjzpfownf;/ ya,m*aMumifh qefwufrrI nf
onf rdrdyuwdoabmrsdK; r[kwf&um; ya,m*t&Sdef &SdorQom
qefwuf\? atmufodkYpkefrIrnfonf pu©KwdkYüvnf;aumif;ç
jrpfa&wdkYüvnf;aumif; rdrdwdkY yuwdoabmjzpf&um; ya,m*
t&SdefukefvQif atmufodkYavQmusNrJ"r®wmwnf;/ ya,m*rulyJ
,lZemteEÅwikd af tmif pkeq
f if;&aomfvnf; pkeq
f if;Edik af wmhonf/
aomwç Cmeç Zd0gS ç um,ç raemwdu
Yk v
kd nf; þpu©Ktwdik ;f
jrifav? rdrdwdkYusifvnfívmcJhMuaom oHo&mwpfavQmufvHk;
txufatmuf pkefrIqefrIwdkYudk b,fvdkaevdrfhrnf[k ajrmfMu
avukef/
vl U b0\wef z d k ; -- txufodkY qefwuf&ef jyKjyifrIrnf
onf vlUb0udk &aomtcgüom tcGi&hf \? vlUb0udyk if &ygaomf
vnf; olawmfaumif;w&m;wdEYk iS hf jynfjh ynfph pkH kH jzpf&aom b0üom
tcGi&hf \/ vlUb0udk &rIonfyifvQif b,frQavmuf cJ,Of;onf[k
vdyfuPf;Oyrmrsm;ESifh qifjcifMuav/
pu© K paom "r® t vd k a Mumif h
xd k x d k b 0od k Y a&muf & jcif ;

owå0gwdkYrnfonf tyg,fav;bHk[laom 0dywådXmeodkY
a&mufvkd onf[í
l r&SMd uuke?f xdo
k Ykd r&SMd uygukeb
f v
J suf ,cktcg
tyg,fav;bHw
k üYkd owå0gtodu
k t
f tHk Bu;D us,v
f aS v\/ tyg,f
av;bHük owå0gaygrsm;yHEk iS hf axmufqaomf ok*wdbw
kH rYkd mS owå0g
&S d o nf [ k rajympavmuf & S d \ ? xd k r Qavmuf tod k u f t tH k
Bu;D us,v
f aS om tyg,f&o
dS wå0gtaygif;wdw
Yk iG f wpfpw
kH pfa,muf

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

236

aom owå0grQ rdrdtvdkESifh a&muf&onfr[kwf? pu©Kç aomw
paom ajcmuf'Gg& ajcmufXme"r®wdkY\ tvdkoufoufESifha&muf
Mu&uke\
f /
/ xdkYaMumifhcE¨ m ig;0 tewå /
]]yOöu©E¨m t0o0wåea|e tewåm}} [líqdkayownf;/
yOöu©E¨m=ig;yg;aom cE¨mwdkYonf? t0o0wåea|e=yk*¾dKvf
owå0gwdkY\ tvdkodkYrvdkufaom yuwdoabmaMumifh? tewåm=
yk*¾dKvf owå0gwdkY\ twår[kwfukef? eufeJpG/
oH o &m"r®
þajcmuf y g;aom "r® w d k Y r nf o nf txuf u d k b0*f
atmufukd t0Dpw
d ikd af tmif pkecf snq
f efcsnf usiv
f nfíaeMuukef
aom oHo&m"r®wdkYaywnf;/ xdkYaMumifh tMuifowå0gwdkYonf
xdkw&m;wdkYudk rdrdwdkYtwåjyKí pGJvrf;Muukef\/ xdkw&m;wdkY\
tvdu
k kd rdrw
d t
Ykd vdjk yKí xdw
k &m;wd\
Yk tvm;udk tvGwf vdu
k pf m;Mu
uke\
f ? xdo
k wå0gwdo
Yk nf xdw
k &m;wdo
Yk mG ;&m usiv
f nf&m b0ruGm
xufMuyfygí aeMuukefNrJwnf;/
r[morkj'mü pkefqefvl;vm oGm;vmusifvnfíaeaom
rdausmif;wku
Yd dk iguk,
d [
f k wG,w
f mí vku
d Mf uukerf u
l m; rdausmif;wkYd
usiv
f nf&m r[morkj'mwpfciG o
f Ydk tpOfvu
dk yf gí aeMu&awmhrnf
tNyD;jzpfavouJhokdYwnf;/
xkdYaMumifh jrwfpGmbk&m;onf xdkw&m;wdkYudk twå[lí
wG,w
f mvdu
k pf m;jcif;rS jywfuif;Muapjcif;tusKd ;iSg tewåa'oem

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

237

ukd a[mawmfrlayownf;/
tMuifolwdkYonf xdkw&m;wdkYudk ]]rdrdwdkYtwår[kwf? rdrdwdkY
tvdkodkY rvdkuf? olwdkYtvdkESifholwdkY toD;tjcm;aom "mwfawG
"r®awGom jzpfMuukef\}} [k ÓPftjrifaygufMuukef\? xdkolwdkY
onf xdt
k cgrSpí "r®w\
Ykd tvdjk zpfaom 0dywåv
d rf;odYk rvdu
k Mf u&
ukefNyD? "r®wdkYuom rdrdwdkYtvdk&Sd&m orÜwådvrf;odkY wajzmifhwnf;
vdkufMu&ukef\? aomwmyefwdkYtvm;udk ajrmfav/
xdkYaMumifh aomwmyeft&d,mwdkYudk]]t0dedygw"ar®m ed,awm oarÁm"dy&m,aPm}} -[lí
a[mawmfrlayonf/
t0dedygw "ar®m=rdrdwdkYtvdkr&Sdaom 0dywådvrf;odkYus
a&mufjcif;r&Sd? ed,awm=b0tqufquf NrJaomorÜwåd&Sd\?
oarÁm"dy&m,aPm= txufr*ftxufzv
kd v
f Qif tvd&k cdS g vG,pf mG
a&mufaMumif; vnf;avsmif;&m&Sd\/ teuf/
pu© K ponf h " r® u d k yd k i f y d k i f E d k i f E d k i f j rif v Qif
oH o &mrS uRwf v G w f E d k i f j cif ;

xdkajcmufyg;aom "r®wdkYudk yk*¾dKvfr[kwf owå0g r[kwf
igr[kwf olr[kwf[lívnf;aumif;ç xdkajcmufyg;aom"r®wdkY\
tvdkwdkYudk yk*¾dKvftvdk r[kwf owå0gtvdkr[kwf ightvdkr[kwf
olUtvdkr[kwf "r®wdkY\ tvdkom jzpfonf[lívnf;aumif;
ydik yf ikd Ef idk Ef idk f ydik ;f ydik ;f jcm;jcm; jrifEidk Mf uukef aomolwo
Ykd nf oHo&mrS
uRwfvTwfMuavukef\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

238

tb,fhaMumifhenf;[lrl- oHo&mw&m;wdkYu vTwfíypfMu
ayukefaomaMumifhwnf;/
terw*¾oo
H &mü **FgoJv;kH rQru yGiahf wmfrMl uavukeNf y;D
aom bk&m;wdu
Yk v
kd nf;aumif;ç xdx
k uftode;f toef; tuka#ru
uRwfvGwfawmfrlMuukefNyD;aom yapöuAk'¨gwdkYudkvnf;aumif;ç
wpfqw
l pfqal om bk&m;½Sif omoemawmfüyifvQif toacFsrsm;pGm
uRwfvGwfMuavukefNyD;aom vlç ewfç jA[®mt&d,mwdkYudkvnf;
aumif; tukefajrmfav/
aqG r sKd ; rawmf b l ; onf r ½S d
,ck½SdaeMuukefaom owå0gwdkYonfvnf; ruRwfMurDtcg
wdkYü cyfodrf;aombk&m;ç yapöuAk'¨gç t&d,mwdkYESifh twlwuGyif
oHo&mü usifvnfbl;Muukefonfcsnf;omwnf;? trdawmfbl;
tzawmfb;l aqGawmfb;l rsK;d awmfb;l cJMh uukeo
f nfcsn;f omwnf;/
xdkodkY jzpfMuygvsuf oHo&m"r® 6-XmewkdYudk rvGwfEkdifMu
ukeo
f nft
h wGuf xdb
k &k m;ç yapöuAk'g¨ ç t&d,mwdo
Yk mG ;&modYk rygMu
ukefrlí "r®wdkYoGm;&m oHo&modkYomygí aeMuukefojzifh ,aeY
xufwdkif uRHvGef½Snf arsmívmMuukef\? ,ck bk&m;omoem
üvnf; rvTwfMubJ tpGJwef;vef;ESifYyif aovGefMuukefjyefvQif
oHo&m"r®wYkd oGm;&mokYd ygNryJ gç arsmNraJ rsmí jrKyNf rJ epfNrJ wvJvyJ if
½SdMuukefvwåHUownf;/
tewå u k d twå x if & mü ½S i f ; csuf
tb,faMumifh owå0gwdkYonf tpdk;r&aom "r®wdkYukdyif
tpdk;&onf [k xifrSwfí aeMuygukefoenf;[laom tar;udk

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

239

,cktcgajzqkt
d /hH
'd | d t rS m ;MuD ; wnf a xmif - - tMuifolwdkYtm; rdrdwdkY\
oEÅmefü ½Sdaeukefaom pu©Kç aomwtp½Sdukefaom "r®wdkYukd
t0dZmÆ arSmifBu;D onf zH;k vTr;f vsu½f \
dS ? oP²meedrw
d çf oEÅwed rd w
d f
[laom edpt
ö &dyMf u;D wdu
Yk dk t[kw½f dS trSe½f rdS w
S x
f ifvsuf ½SMd uuke\
f ?
toD;toD;aom "r®wdkYudkvnf;aumif;ç "r®wdkY\ cPrpJ jzpfrI
ysufrIwdkYudkvnf;aumif;ç ÓPftjrifraygufMuukef? xdkolwdkYtm;
y&mrmornfaom 'd|t
d arSmuftrSm;Bu;D onf wnfaxmufvsuf
&Sdae\/
rif ; ud p ö a qmif & G u f a om ol q if ; &J t vm; 'd | d w &m;

y&mrmo'd|dwdkYonfum; "r®wkdY\tvkdokdY rdrdwkdYu vkdufMu
&ukeo
f nfudk "r®wu
Ydk rdrw
d t
Ydk vko
d Ydk vku
d Mf u&ukeo
f nf[k ajymif;
jyefxifjrifí aejcif;wnf;? tedp"ö r®wu
Ydk dk edp[
ö í
l tewå"r® wku
Yd dk
twå[lí ajymif;jyefxifjrifí aeMujcif;wnf;? xkdolwkdYonf
tpkd;r&aom "r®wkdYukdyif tpkd;&onf[k xifrSwfpGJvrf;í aeMu
uke\
f /
Oyrmum;--- aqGrJh rsdK;rJh 0wf&mrJh pm;&mrJh ckdukd;&mrJhjzpfí
rif; {u&mZf\ wpfckaomudpöukd vGefrif;pGm aqmif½Guf\?
rif;{u&mZfonf xko
d \
l 0D&,
d ukd jrifawmfrv
l wfaomf tm;&jcif;
jzpfí tyg;awmfü cpm;ap\? cpm;rIü vGepf mG pGjJ ro
J nfudk jrifawmf
rlojzifh tm;&jcif;jzpfawmfrjl yefí wpfzef oufawmfapmift
h &mü
xm;awmfr\
l /

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

240

xkdtcgrSpí xkdolqif;&Jonf rdrdtvkdukd vkH;vkH;pGefYypfí
rif;{u&mZftvkd wpfvrf;uko
d mMunfí
h tm;xkw\
f ? rif;{u&mZf
tvkdESifholYtvkd wpfxyfwnf;us\? rif;{u&mZfESifh ESpfukd,fwpf
pdwfjzpfav\? rif;{u&mZfvnf; xkdolYukd vGefpGmtcGifhay;\?
umvMumanmif;vwfaomf rif;bke;f rif;vmbfEiS hf rmef,pfjcif;jzpf
ojzifh rif;{u&mZfukd olutpkd;&onf[k ajymif;jyefxifrSwfí
ae\? olYtvkdukd rif;{u&mZfu vkduf&onf[k xifrSwfí ae\?
þ OyrmuJhokdYwnf;/
avmuü trsd K ;rsKd ; aom touf a rG ; rI Opö m pD ; yG m ;uk d
tm;xkwfrIqkdonf "r®wkdY\ udpöukd vGefpGmaqmifrIwkdYomwnf;?
xkdYaMumifh xkdolqif;&J\ rif;{u&mZfudpöukd vGefpGmtm;xkwfrIESifh
wlv\
S /
t0d Z Æ m arS m if a ysmuf r S o rÜ w d å v rf ; a&muf r nf
rdrw
d o
Ydk EÅmefü jytyfcNhJ y;D aom t0dZmÆ arSmifBu;D ç y&mro'd|d
Bu;D ½Sad eMuonft
h wGuaf Mumifh rdrw
d Ydk tvk½d MdS uaom orÜwNdå rrJ BI u;D
ukd r&Ekid Mf uukerf í
l rdrw
d t
Ydk vkrd ½SMd uaom 0dywåv
d rf;oko
Yd m wpfvJ
vJvkdufyg jrKyfarsmí aeMu&ukef\/
t0dZÆmarSmifBuD;ç y&mrmo'd|dBuD; aysmufuif;MuukefrS
omvQif 0dywåv
d rf; vk;H vk;H jywfí orÜwNdå rrJ BI u;D ukd &Ekid Mf uuke\
f /
&ef o l \ tpD ; tyG m ;
xkdYaMumifh þowå0gwkdYrSm 0dZÆmonf rdrdwkdYoEÅmefü tjrpf
pkdufíaeaom t0dZÆmç 'd|dwkdYukd tNyD;wkdify,fjzwfjcif; udpö\

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

241

wpfckonfomvQif rdrdwkdY yuwdtvkdokdYa&mufEkdifaom ukd,fhusdK;
uk,
d phf ;D yGg; trSejf zpf\? tvk;H pkaH om avmuDp;D yGg;rIonf uk,
d u
fh sKd ;
uk,
d phf ;D yGg;r[kw?f "r®w\
Ydk tusKd ;pD;yGg;rI oufoufom jzpf\? pu©Kç
aomw tp½Sdaom &efolwkdY\ tusdK;pD;yGg; oufoufom jzpf\/
avmuü orÜwådvrf;ukd ydwfqkdYí 0dywådvrf;ukdzGifhrIonf
&efol\ udpöwnf;/
pu©KponfwkdYonf xkdudpöukd tNrJaqmifukef\? xkdYaMumifh
edpö &efolwkdYomwnf;/
avmuDpD;yGm;rIwkdYonf &efolwkdY\ pD;yGg;rIwkdYomwnf;?
xkdokdYjzpfygvsuf owå0gwkdYonf ukd,fhtvkd jynfhpkH&ef ukd,fusdK;
ukd,fhpD;yGg; trSef½Sdao;onf[líyif rodMuukefrlí pu©Kç aomw
paom&efol"r®wkdYukd rdrdwdkY ukd,fjyKí &efol"r®wkdY\ tvkdukd
uk,
d t
hf vkjd yKí &efo"l r®w\
Ydk tpD;tyGg;ukd uk,
d t
hf pD;tyGg; jyKvyk í
f
rdrdwkdY\ tpD;tyGm;[kpGJvrf;tm;usí aeMuukef\/
xkdolqif;&Jonf rdrdtvkd rdrdtusdK;pD;yGm;[lí r½SdbJ
rif;\tvkd rif;\tusdK;pD;yGm;ukdom tm;xkwfouJhokdYwnf;/
tpOftNrt
J m;xkwf jyKjyifEikd Mf uukeo
f nfjzpfí &efo"l r® wk\
Yd
tusdK;qufukdvnf; &Hzef&Hzef cHpHMu&ukef\? rsufpdt&omukd
cHpHMu&ukef\? em;t&omç ESmacgif;t&omç vQmt&omç ukd,f
t*Fgt&omç raemt&omwkdYukd cHpHMu&ukef\ [lvkdonf/
&Hzef&Hzef vlYcsrf;omç ewfcsrf;ç jA[®mhcsrf;omwkdYukd cHpHMu&
ukef\? xkdolqif;&Jonf rif;\udpöukd vGefpGmtm;xkwfEkdifonfh
twGuf rif;bkef; rif;vmbfukd cHpH&ouJhokdYwnf;/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

242

&efol"r®wkdY\ tvkdudpöukdom tNrJaqmif½Gufí aeMu&
ukeo
f jzifh rdrw
d o
Ydk nf &efo"l r®w\
Ydk uRef &efo"l r®w\
Ydk oaygufjzpfí
aeMu&onf jzpfygukev
f suf &efo"l r®w\
Ydk tusKd ;qufudk &Hzef&zH ef
cHpMH u&onft
h wGuf rmef,Zfjcif;jzpfMuojzifh pu©Kç aomwpaom
"r®wu
Ydk tNrv
J u
dk &f ukeo
f nf[k txiftpGJ tvGaJ jymif;jyef jzpfí
aeMuukef\/

orm"dtEÅ&m,f wnfaxmifrI
ig;ç vd y f O yrm ½k y f e mrf c E¨ m -- jzpfykHum;--- pu©KH acg
rm*@d, ½lyg&mrH ½ly&wH ½lyor®K'w
d -H [laom ygVdawmfjrwfEiS hf
tnD- ig;ç vdyfç rdausmif;tp½Sdukefaom a&owå0gwkdYonf
a&ESiu
hf if;uGmcJv
h Qif raewwf raeEkid ?f a&½S&d moko
Yd mvQif twGif
ajy;oGm;Muukeí
f a&ESiahf eMu&rS aysmaf rGUMuukeo
f uJo
h Ydk pu©KtrSL;
½Su
d ek af om cE¨m 5 -yg; ½kyef mrfw&m;wko
Yd nf rsupf Od ypmü ½Sad eorQ
aom aumif;ç raumif;aom tqif;tm½kHwkdYukd Munfhum ½Ium
arQmfum armhum ae&rS aewwf aeEkdifMuukef\? rMunfh&bJ
csKyfwnf;íxm;cJhvQif raewwf raeEkdif½SdMuukef\? tm½kH½Sd&mokdY
omvQif twif;½kef;xGufíoGm;aom tjcif;t&mokdY a&mufMu
uke\
f /
xkdaMumifh t|uxmü --]]pu©K ½layok tm0dÍ äe&oH}} [lí qdkay\/
pu©K=pu©Konf? ½layok=tqif;½Sd&mwdkYokdY? tm0dÍ äe&oH=
yk*¾dKvfudk twif; qGJiifjcif;udpö½Sd\/ teuf/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

243

yk*Kd¾ v\
f rsuEf mS ukd tm½k½H &dS mokYd armhavatmif qGBJ uKd ; iifBuKd ;
udpöukd jyK\[lvdkonf/
þum; pu©KtrSL;½Sdaom "r®wdkY\tvdkwnf;? yk*¾dKvf\
tvdrk [kw?f xdMk unfrh o
I nf 0dywåv
d rf;ukd zGirhf o
I mjzpf\? udavom
wdkY uGefYjrL;zdkYom jzpf\? tbdZÑm Asmyg'paom 'kpö½kdufwdkY\
tayguftvrf;om jzpf\? ,kwfpGtqkH; O'¨pö[laom rNidrfrouf
*a,muf*,ufw&m;ukd yGg;rsm; aprIom Ny;D \? £`E,
d´ oH0&oDvESihf
b0tqufquf a0;zdo
Yk mjzpf\? orm"d\tEÅ&m,fukd wnfaxmif
rIomjzpf\? orÜwådvrf;ukd ydwfqkdYrIBuD; wpfckaywnf;/
'd|dtjrif-- xdkokdYjzpfygvsuf pu©Kukd ig [lí pJGvrf;vsuf
½Sad eaomaMumifh pu©Ktvdu
k dk ightvd[
k k t½k;d pku
d í
f aeMuuke\
f ?
xdt
k ½k;d pku
d rf t
I ay:ü 'd|u
d tarSmuftvSef ajymif;jyef xyfqifí
h
ighpu©Kukd igtpk;d &\? ighpu©Konf igtvd½k w
dS ikd ;f yg\? igMunfh vd&k mukd
jrifíay;\[k owå0gwdkY txiftjrif arSmufrSm;í aeMuukef\/
rme-

þü pu©Kudk ig[kxifru
I m; rmewnf;? txifrmS ;
rI qdkvdkonf/
wPS m - pu©Kudk ig\pu©K[k odr;f yku
d rf u
I m; wPSmwnf;?
twG,frSm;rI qdkvdkonf/
'd | d - pu©Kukd ig\ukd,f ig\twå igtpkd;&onf[k
jrifrIum; 'd|dwnf;? rdrdtvdkudk vTwfxm;\? pu©KtvdkokdY vkH;vkH;
vdu
k í
f pu©K\uRef pu©K\oayguf jzpfíaeonf trSejf zpfygvsuf
ighpu©Kukd igtpkd;&onf[k rdrdwdkYpdwfwGif aMumifaMumifBuD;
awGUjrifí aeMurI qdkvdkonf/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

244

ya,m*pJGuyfoltoGif 'd|dtjrif
Oyrmwpfckukd qdktHh--vlUtvdk-- avmuü ya,m*pJGuyfaomolonf vlUtvdk
ruG,fao;rD rdrdü ya,m*uyfrSef; odao;\? ya,m*tvdkESifh
uçrd ckerf ½d o
dS nfah emuf vlUtvdEk iS hf ½Suaf o;\? xdt
k cg aq;ukciG hf
&ao;\? aq;ukrIukd awmifhw\/
ya,m*tvdk-- tMuiftcgü ya,m*\ wefcdk;tm;jzifh
vlUtvdk vk;H vk;H uG,af ysmuf\? ya,m*tvdo
k Ydk vk;H vk;H yg\? ya,m*
tvdkukd rdrdtvdk[k azmufjyef\? xdktcgrSpí aq;ukcGifh r&NyD?
ya,m*uyfrSef; rodNyD? ya,m*pum; aq;pum;ukd Mum;rS
rMum;vdkNyD? [d&D MowåyÜ r½SdNyD? ya,m* tvdktwdkif; jyKíae&rS
csrf;omawmhonf? þolonfvnf; ya,m*tvdkESifh uç&ç
ckef&onfudk rdrdtvdkESifh uçonfç ckefonf[k olUpdwfwGif aMumif
aMumifxifjrifvsuf ½Sd\/
þOyrmtwdkif; wpfavmuvkH; jzpfaeMuykHudk tukef
ajrmfav/
owå0gwdkY\ yuwdtvdkESifh pyfqdkifaomt&m r[kwfbJ
vsuf rsufpdtvdkokdY vdkufrIESifh Munfh½I arQmfarmh&aomt&mwdkYü
ightvdEk iS hf Munfo
h nf ½Ionf arQmo
f nf armhonf[k rdrw
d pYkd w
d w
f iG f
aMumifaMumifBuD; jrifíaerIukd 'd|dtjrif qdkownf;/
aomwç Cmeç Zd0gS ç um,ç raemwdüYk vnf; þenf;twdik ;f
odav/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

245

ya,m* Oyrmü-- vlUtvdkç ya,m*tvdk uGJjym;ao;aom
tcgü ya,m*onf aomif;use;f vdw
k ikd ;f aomif;use;f cGihf r&ao;?
vlUtvdkuG,faysmufí ya,m*tvdk vkH;vkH;a&mufaom tcgürl
um; aomif;usef;vdkwdkif; aomif;usef;Edkifawmhonf? q&mtpGrf;
aumif;ESifhawGUí vlUtvdkay:vmrS taomif;usef;avsmhayawmh
rnf/
ÓPf t jrif azmuf j yef w wf y k H
xdkYtwl terw*¾oHo&mü usifvnfí aeMuukefaom
owå0gwdkYrSmvnf; tMuifrQavmufaom oHo&mumvywfvkH;
rdrw
d o
Ykd EÅmefü½Sad eaom "r®wu
Ydk v
dk nf;aumif;ç "r®w\
Ydk tvkw
d u
Ydk dk
vnf;aumif; ÓPftjrifraygufMuukefao;? "r®wkdY\ toD;oD;
aom tvkw
d u
Ydk dk rdrt
d vkjd yKí vku
d Mf uukeaf o;\? xkrd Qavmufaom
oHo&mumvywfv;Hk "r®wo
Ydk nf aomif;use;f vkw
d idk ;f aomif;use;f
cGifh &Muukef\/
tb,faMumifhenf;qkdaomf- tvkdrnfonf cyfodrf;aom
owå0gwkdYukd vGefpGmaqmifEkdif\? awmifay:rS t[kefESifhwuG pD;
qif;ívmaom jrpfa&t,OfESifhwl\? owå0gwdkYonf xdkjrpfa&
t,Ofüarsmíygukefaom abmhrIdufç abmhwkdufwkdYESifh wlukef\/

udavom aomif;usef;ykH
avmuü cyford ;f aom owå0gwk\
Yd trIonf toD;oD; rdrw
d Ydk
tvk½d &dS mukd tpGr;f ½So
d rQ jznfph rG ;f rI wpfco
k mwnf;? "r®w\
Ydk tvku
d dk
rdrdwkdYtvkd xifrSwfMuukefaom owå0gwkdYonf avmbç a'goç

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

246

arm[ç rmeç 'd|d tp½Sdukefaom "r®wkdYukd tvkd½Sdwkdif; vTwfíay;
Muukeí
f "r®wo
Ydk nf aomif;use;f vkw
d idk ;f tcGi&hf Muuke\
f ? tcGi&hf
wkdif;vnf; aomif;usef;Muukef\/
avmb aomif ; usef ; yk H - - terw*¾oHo&mü avmb
onf rdrt
d vko
d Ydk vku
d Mf uol vlç ewfç jA[®mç owå0gwku
Yd dk awmifay:
us jrpfa&uJo
h Ydk tyg,fav;yg;okYd twGiaf rQmrIEiS hf aomif;use;f \/
a'go aomif;usef;ykH-- xkt
Yd wl- a'goonfvnf; twGif
arQm\? tyg,fokdY usa&mufvmukefaom owå0gwkdYukd tyg,frS
xGuaf yguf vGwaf yguf r½So
d nfujdk yKí arQm\? tyg,fwcGiüf om
usifvnfjrKyfarsmí aeap\/
rme aomif ; usef ; yk H - - waygif;ç wefcl;tcgü vmukef
aom avwkdYonf awmawmifwcGifwkdYü &ifha&mfMuukefaom opf
½GufwkdYukd atmufajrtjyifokdY tukefa>ccsukefouJhokdY rmeonf
txuftxufaom ewfjynfç jA[®mjh ynfwüYdk toufwrf; &ifah &mf
Muukefaom ewfç jA[®mwkdYukd atmufajrtjyifokdY twGifa>ccs\/
'd | d aomif ; usef ; yk H - - orkj'm yifv,fapmifhewfwkdY\
trsufxGufrIESifh wkd;wufqla0aom yifv,fa&onf uRef;tvkH;
Ekid if t
H vk;H ukd vTr;f rk;d í orkj'myifv,focYdk sn;f tukeaf rQmcsouJo
h Ydk
tmomBuD;wpfrsKd;wpfrsKd;taeESifh aomif;usef;aom 'd|donf
rdrx
d eG ;f um;í aeorQumvywfv;Hk xku
d Re;f xkEd idk if w
H u
Ydk dk tyg,foYdk
csnf; tukefarQmav\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

247

arm[ aomif;usef;ykH-- tyg,fokdY a&mufvmorQwkdYukd
xGufayguf vGwfayguf r½Sdatmif tvkHydwfrIonfum; arm[\
wmaywnf;/
ecodcokwfç umPupäaygyrokwf a'oemwkdYESifhwuG
tyg,fav;bkHwkdYrSm owå0g tokdufttkH BuD;us,fykHukd ajrmfav?
<uif;aom wpfaxmifh ig;&m udavom"r®w\
Ydk aomif;use;f rIwu
Ydk dk
vnf; þenf;wl odav/
Ak'b
¨ mom omoemrSty jzpfMuukeaf om urÇmajray:½Sd
vlowå0g wkEYd iS w
hf uG a&owå0gç uke;f owå0gwku
Yd dk tukeaf jrmfrMd uyg
vQifvnf; urÇmqla0vkrQ tukokdvf"r®wkdY\ aomif;usef;rI
Bu;D us,yf u
Hk dk jrifEikd Mf uuke&f m\? þenf;twkid ;f terw*¾oo
H &m
wpfcGifvkH; jrifMuavukef/
þtvkH;pkHaom owå0gwkdYonf rdrdwkdY\ yuwdtvkd uG,f
aysmufí "r®wkdY\ tvkdwpfvrf;om ½SdaeMuukef\/
ted p ö Ó Pf ç tewå Ó Pf &cG i f h u mv
xkdowå0gwkdYonf tMuiftcgü bk&m;omoemESifh awGUMuKH
Muukefí tedpöÓPfç tewåÓPf tjrifaygufcGifhukd &Muukef\?
xkt
d cgrSpí "r®wo
Ydk nf raomif;use;f Ekid Mf uukeNf y?D xko
d wå0gwk\
Yd
tvko
d o
Ydk m vku
d yf gMu&uke\
f ? 0dywåv
d rf;ukd tvkyH w
d í
f xko
d wå0g
wkdY tvkd½Sd&m orÜwådvrf;ukdom zGifhMuavukef\? xkdowå0gonf
b0rsm;pGm urÇmtqufqufwkdYü tpOfjrJaom orÜwådokcukd
&Muavuke\
f ? 0dywåd 'kuu
© dk wpf&w
H pfqpfrQ rawGUMuKMH u&ukeNf y/D

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

248

]]xkdowå0gwkdY\ tvkdokdYom vkdufygMu&ukef\}} [laompum;ü owå0gwkdY\ yuwdtvkd yuwdtBudKufjzpfaom orÜwåd
vrf;okdY vkdufygMurIukd qkdonf? twåtjzpfokdYa&mufMuukefí
tcsif;cyfodrf; vkdufygrIukd qkdonfr[kwf/
tewåteuf eufeJykH-- þtpk;d r& tvko
d rYdk vku
d [
f l aom
tewåteufonfvnf; MuHzG,fç odzG,fç ajymzG,fç a[mzG,f
tvGefus,f0ef;vS\? eufeJvnf; eufeJvS\/
eufeJvS\ qkdonfum;- trIoGm;rSm xif½Sm;ay:vsufyif
jzpf\? okdYaomfvnf; owå0gwkdYpdwfwGif tpkd;&onf tvkdokdYvkduf
onf[k t½k;d pku
d í
f aeaom 'd|ad MumifaMumif jrifrBI u;D awmifBu;D
uJhokdY ckcHíaerIukd razsmuf EkdifMuonfhtwGuf tvGefyifeufeJí
aevsuf½Sdownf;/
"mwfBuD; 6-yg;
6-yg;-- rdrdwkdYcE¨mudk,fwpfckvkH; yx0Dç tmaygç
awaZmç 0ga,mç tmumoç 0dnmP[laom "mwfBu;D 6-yg;wku
Yd dk
ÓPftjrif vif;MuvSrS xkd'd|dtjrifBuD;ukd azsmufEkdifMuukefrnf?
tjyifrI tm*EåKtwGuEf iS hf zk;H vTr;f csuBf u;D awGuv
dk nf; jrifwwfMu
ap&rnf/
tewåteuf 2-rsKd;/ / a½S;qkdcJhNyD;aom t&mü--1/ tedpövu©PmESifh zufwGJí jycJhaom tewåum;
tom&ua|e tewåaywnf;/
2/ þ tpkd;r&rI[laom tewåum; tomrdua|e
tewåç t0o0wåea|e tewåwnf;/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

249

xkdESpf;yg;wkdYwGif--1/ tedpövu©Pmukd ykdifEkdifpGm jrifcJhvQif tom&ua|e
tewå tjrifudpö NyD;pD;awmhonf? tom&ua|e
tewåtjrif udpöNyD;pD;vQifvnf; tewåbm0emudpö
NyD;pD;Ekdifawmhonf/
2/ þ tpk;d r&rIç tvko
d rYdk vku
d rf [
I al om aemuf tewåudk
rlum; ynm½Sw
d pfql jyKvyk o
f w
l Ydk tMuÓ
H Pf uGejYf rL;Mu
&ef xif½Sm;&m tcsufpkukd azmfjyvkdufonf/
tewåvu©Pm 'kwd,cef;NyD;\/
þwGifa½GUum; vu©Pma&; 3-yg;ukd jyqkdcef;NyD;\/
------------- Ä ------------

bm0em 40-t"dyÜg,f tus,fukd jyqkdcef;
ted p ö v u© P m 10-yg;
,cktcg bm0em 40-wkdY\ tus,ft"dyÜg,fukd qkdaytHh/
£ar yOöuE© m¨ tedpmö ç t"k0gç tom&mç pvmç yavmu"r®mç
0dy&dPmr"r®mç r&P"r®mç 0db0"r®m ocFwm yb*Fkaem/
tedpövu©Pm 10-yg;/
OD ; acgif ; üjzpf a om ½l y u© E ¨ m \jzpf y suf ½ I y k H
þtedpövu©Pm 10-yg;wkdYukd ukd,fcE¨mwkdYü OD;acgif;t*Fg
wGif cufrmrIukd tpjyKí ½I&m\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

250

£&d,mykxf av;yg;wkw
Yd iG f oGm;jcif; £&d,mykxüf vIy½f mS ;rI
xif½mS ;\/
xkaYd Mumifh oGm;íaeMuqJtcgü ajcwpfvrS ;f ESihf ajcwpf vSr;f
tul; tajymif;wGif OD;acgif;t*FgwkdYü½Sdaeaom cufrmrIawGukd
ÓPfESifhoefYjcm;í ta&ü½Sdaom cufrmrIç tom;wkdYü½Sdaom
cufrmrIç t½kd;wdkYü½Sdaom cufrmrIç OD;aESmufwkdYü½Sdaom cufrmrI
wkdY\ wpfvSrf;wpfvSrf;wGif wpfcg wpfcg taetajcysufykHukd
ÓPfpkdufí Munfh½I&m\/
OD;acgif;cefY½Sdaom a&jr§KyfcJawGukd ,rf;awmifhoGwfí
cGJouJhokdY axmif;ceJ axmif;ceJ ysufonfukd jrif&vwåHU/
cufrmrIysufonfukd jrifvQif xkdxkdcufrmrIwkdYü rSDwG,fMu
ukefaom zGJUap;rIç ylrIç aEG;rIç vIyf<urIwkdY\ olUcufrmrIESifhol
twljzpfç twlysuf wkdYukdvnf; jrif&vwåHY/
0PÖç *E¨ç &oç MoZmwkdYukdvnf; wpfckwpfckpD oefYjcm;í
&Hcg&Hcg Munfh½I&m\/
rsufvkH;t*Fg em;t*Fg ESmacgif;t*Fg vQmt*FgwkdYukdvnf;
,rf;awmifh oGwfí cGJouJhokdY ½kwfceJ ½kwfceJ ysufqkH;rnfwkdYukd
txl;uGufjcm;í Munfh½IMuav/
cufrmrIü ÓPftjrif ½Si;f vif;rS <uif;aom½kyw
f u
dkY dk ½I&rnf?
ÓPftjrif r½Sif;vif;cJhvQif wpfvç wpfESpfwkdifatmifyif cufrm
rIwpfckukd pGJNrJí ½I&rnf/
OD;acgif;ü ½lyu©Em¨ ukd ÓPftjrifaygufaomtcg OD;acgif;ü
jzpf Muukefaom emru©E¨mwkdYukd ½I&m\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

251

OD ; acgif ; üjzpf a om emrf c E¨ m 4-yg;
OD;acgif;üjzpfaom emru©E¨m qkdonfum; pu©Kü jzpfay:
wwfaom emru©Em¨ 4-yg;ç aomwü jzpfay:wwfaom emru©Em¨
4-yg;ç Cmeü jzpfay:wwfaom emru©Em¨ 4-yg;ç Zd0gS ü jzpfay:wwf
aom emru©E¨m 4-yg;ç twGif;tyjzpfaom OD;acgif;wpfckvkH;ü
jzpfay:wwfaom emru©E¨m 4-yg;? þ 4-yg; 5-vDwkdYukd OD;acgif;
wpfckvkH;ü jzpfay:wwfaom emru©E¨m 4-yg;qkdonf/
avmuüum;--1/ pu©Kü jzpfay:aom emru©Em¨ 4-yg;wku
Yd dk emru©Em¨
[lí rodMu rac:Muuke?f jrifr[
I í
l odMu ac:Mu
ukeo
f nf/
2/ xk d t wl em;ES p f z uf twG i f ; ü jzpf a y:aom
emru©E¨m 4-yg;wkdYukd avmuü Mum;rI[lí odMu
\/
3/ ESmacgif;wGif;ü jzpfaom emru©E¨m 4-yg;wkdYukd
avmuü eHrI[lí odMuac:Mu\/
4/ vQmtjyifüjzpfaom emru©Em¨ 4-yg;wku
Yd dk avmu
ü vsufrI[lí odMuac:Mu\/
xkdjyif OD;acgif;wpfckvkH;ü jzpfay:wwfaom emru©E¨m
4-yg;wku
Yd dk avmuü OD;acgif;emonf OD;acgif;udu
k o
f nf OD;acgif;cJ
onf ,m;onf ,Honf usdef;onf pyfonf ylonf at;onf
tp½Sdonfjzifhvnf;aumif;? rsufpdemonf rsufpdusdef;onf
rsupf pd yfonf atmifo
h nfeifo
h nf pl;onf rsupf zd efonf ,m;onf

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

252

,Honf tp½Sdonfjzifhvnf;aumif;? em;emonf em;ukdufonf
em;,m;onf ESmacgif;,m;onf ESmacgif;pyfonf vQmemonf
vQm,m;onf tp½So
d jzifh oGm;emonf oGm;uku
d o
f nf tp½So
d jzifh
vnf;aumif; odMu ac:Mu\/
emru© E ¨ m jzpf o nf u k d od e nf ;-- emusifrIonf rxif
½Sm;rlí twGif;tyjzpfaom OD;acgif;wpfckvkH;wGif xkdxkdae&mü
xdreS ;f odonfç wkrYd eS ;f odonfç vIyrf eS ;f odonf[k jzpfcv
hJ Qif xkad e&m
wkdYü emru©E¨m 4-yg; jzpfay:NyD[krSwf? emru©E¨m 4-yg; rjzpf
ay:cJhvQif b,fae&mu bmjzpfonf[lí rod/
ta&ay:üjzpfaom emru©E¨m 4-yg;?
ta&wGif;üjzpfaom emru©E¨m 4-yg;?
tom;ay: tom;wGif; t½kd;ay: t½kd;wGif; OD;aESmufay:
OD;aESmuf wGif;wkdYü jzpfay:aom emru©E¨m 4-yg;?
¤if;wkdYudk emonf usifonf ,m;onf ,Honf tp½Sdonf
jzifh avmuü odMuac:Muonf? avmuü odMuac:Muonft
h wkid ;f
tjrif tMum; teH tvsuf tem tusif ponfwu
Ydk dk ½lyu©Em¨ wkrYd S
toD;tjcm; uGufjcm;í ½IMuavukef/
cE¨m 5-yg;wkdY\ Oyg'fpGef; bifpGef; tmumoy&dapä' tykdif;
tjcm;wkEYd iS w
hf uG Munfyh Hk ½IyHk xifyHk jrifyHk tvk;H pkw
H u
Ydk kd Oyrm trsKd ;rsKd ;
wkEYd iS w
hf uG a½S;ü taotcsm tus,0f w
d m¬ & azmfjycJNh y?D a½S;azmfjy
cJhNyD;aom tcsufwkdYukd þt&mü tukefay:ap&rnf/
Munfhp ½Ipü oGm;íaeaom £&d,mykxfukd pdwful;vkduf
vQif OD;acgif; üjzpfaom cE¨m 5-yg;wk\
Yd ajcwpfvrS ;f wpfvrS ;f wGif

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

253

wpfBurd w
f pfBurd f tukef tukecf sKyu
f ,
G rf çI topftopfjzpfay:rI
wku
Yd dk rsupf jd zifh jrifouJo
h Ykd w½G½G wrGrG 'd|xifjrifatmif tm;xkwf
Muav/
½k y f a wG oJ u rf ; Nyd K rQ ysuf y k H - - wpfvSrf; wpfvSrf;wGif
jrifrIç Mum;rIç eHrIçvsufrIçodrIwkdYESifhwuG OD;acgif; wpfvkH;wpfvkH;
ysufqkH;uG,faysmufrIukd jrifonfhaemuf ajcwpfvSrf; wpfvSrf;
twGif;ü OD;acgif;wpfckvkH; ESpfBudrfysufqkH;rIç okH;BudrfysufqkH;rIç
av;Burd yf suq
f ;Hk rIç ig;Burd f ysuq
f ;Hk rIç cPrpJwoJov
J Qif oJurf;
NyKd ouJo
h Ydk ysuq
f ;Hk rIwu
Ydk v
dk nf; wpfpwpfp xifjrifEidk Mf uukev
f wåUH /
oP²meedrw
d çf oEÅwed rd w
d çf t&dyt
f a&mifBu;D ESpyf g;wkYd ÓPfü
uG,faysmufukefojzifh OD;acgif;[lí t[kwfr½SdrIç ta& [lí
t[kwfr½SdrIç tom;[lí taMum[lít½kd;[lí OD;aESmuf[lí
t[kwfr½SdrIç qHyifarG; nif;[lít[kwfr½SdrIukd ÓPfü ypöu©'d|
jrif&onfwkdifatmif tm;xkwf &rnf/
&dwå wkpä okn-- ÓPfü xkdtvkH;pkH uG,faysmufcJhvQif
edpö edrdwfrsdK;ç okcedrdwfrsdK;ç twåedrdwfrsdK; tukefuG,faysmufí
oufoufaom ½kyftpk ½kyftcJç emrftpk emrftaygif;rQom
trSe½f o
dS nf[k ypöu'© |d jrif&vdrrhf nf? ÓPfü edpeö rd w
d f ponfwYdk
uG,faysmufí ½kyftpk emrftpk oufoufrQjzpfonfukd &dwå[lí
wkpä[lí okn[líqkdownf;/
ted p ö 0 d y óem-- ÓPfü edpöedrdwf uG,faysmufcJhvQif
tedpö0dóem tvkyfxajrmufNyD/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

254

edpöedrdwfuG,faysmufcJhvQifvnf; twåom& edrdwf uG,f
aysmufawmhonf? twåom&edrdwfuG,f aysmufcJhvQif tewå
0dyóemtvkyf xajrmufNyD/
okcedrdwfonfrlum; t&[wår*fokdYa&mufrS tukefuG,f
aysmufonf? okcedrdwfusefonfh twGufaMumifh aomwmyefç
ou'g*grfç tem*grfwkdYü wPSmçrmepaom udavomusef<uif;
vsuf ½Sdavonf/
rS D & m½k y f y suf w k d i f ; emrf y suf j cif ; uk d
Oyrmjzif h j yjcif ;
½kyw
f \
Ydk ysurf u
I dk jrifcv
hJ Qif xkx
d dk ½kyw
f üYdk tcku
d t
f weft
Y m;
jzifh jzpfay:aom emru©E¨m 4-yg;wkdY\ olU½kyfESifh olUemru©E¨m
ysufqkH;í ygavonfukdvnf; jrifEkdifonf[lí usrf;*efwkdYü
qkday\/
jrifykHum;- a&tjyifukdrSDí a&üay:ukefaom ae0ef;
oP²mefç v0ef; oP²mefçrsufESmoP²mef tp½Sdukefaom t&dyfwkdY
onf rSD&mjzpfaoma& tajctaeysufatmif vIyf½Sm;cJhvQif
ysufqkH;uG,f aysmufMuukefouJhokdY/
xkt
Yd wl ajcwpfvrS ;f wpfvrS ;f twGi;f ü ajrukjd rifrI a&ukd jrifrI
opfyifcsKHjrufwkdYukdjrifrI tp½Sdukefaom emru©E¨m4-yg;wkdYonf
rSD&mjzpfaom rsufvkH;ac:aom ½kyfpk½kyfcJ tajctaae ysufwkdif;
ysufwkdif; csKyfaysmufMuavukef\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

255

ajcwpfvrS ;f wpfvrS ;f twGi;f ü xkx
d t
kd oHudk Mum;rI[q
k t
dk yf
ukeaf om emru©Em¨ 4-yg;wko
Yd nf rS&D mjzpfaom em;ac:aom ½kypf k
½kyfcJ tajctae ysufwkdif;ysufwkdif; csKyfysufMuukef\/
ajcwpfvSrf; wpfvSrf;twGif;ü xkdxkdteHYukd eHrIç vQmay:ü
xkx
d dk t&omukd cHpm;rI[q
k t
dk yfuek af om emru©Em¨ 4-yg;wko
Yd nf
rS&D mjzpfaom ESmacgif;ac:aom vQmac:aom ½kypf ½k yk cf J tajctae
ysufwkdif;ysufwkdif; csKyfysufMuukef\/
ajcwpfvrS ;f wpfvrS ;f twGi;f rSm xkx
d Odk ;D acgif; twGi;f tyü
ta& ylonf? ta&at;onf? b,fae&mXmeü avcwfonf?
b,fae&mXmeü emonfusifonf? vIyf½Sm;rSef;odonf? xdrSef;od
onf[k? qkdtyfukefaom emru©E¨m 4-yg;wkdYonf rSD&mjzpfaom
ta&ponfac:aom cufrmrI tp½Sdaom ½kyfpk ½kyfcJ tajctae
ysufwkdif;ysufwkdif; csKyfysufMuukef\/
olYrSD&m ½kyfpk½kyfcJESifh olYemru©E¨m toD;toD; jrifMuap/
tedpöbm0em 10-yg;/ / jyqkcd NhJ y;D aomtwkid ;f tvk;H pku
H dk
xifjrifMuaomtcgü--£ar yOöu©E¨m=þig;yg;aom cE¨mwkdYonf--1/ tedpöm=NrJjcif;oabm r½Sdukef/
2/ t"k0g=ckdifrmjcif;oabm r½Sdukef/
3/ tom&m=tESpfom& r½Sdukef/
4/ pvm=a½GU½Sm;wwfukef\/
5/ yavmu "r®m=ysufpD;jcif;oabm ½Sdukef\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

256

6/ 0dy&dPmr "r®m=azmufjyefjcif;oabm ½Sdukef\/
7/ r&P "r®m=aoqkH;jcif;oabm ½Sdukef\/
8/ 0db0 "r®m=qkH;½IH;jcif;oabm ½Sdukef\/
9/ ocFwm=tzefzef jyKjyiftyfukef\/
10/ yb*kFaem=NydKuGJjcif;oabm ½Sdukef\/
[laom tedpv
ö u©Pm 10-yg;wko
Yd nf wpfv;Hk wpfpnf; wnf;
ÓPftjrifü yg0ifMuavukef\/
pvoabm-- ]]pvm=vIy½f mS ;jcif;oabm ½Su
d ek \
f }} qdo
k nf
um; ,ckyif okctzdkYç ,ckyif 'ku©tzdkY jzpfjcif;oabmukdqdko
wnf;/
0d b 0oabm-- ]]0db0g=qkH;½IH;jcif; oabm½Sdukef\}}qdk
onfum; ]]oAÁorÜwåd=tvkH;pkHaom twifhtw,f tzG,f t&m
r*Fvmusufoa& [lorQonf? 0dywåd y&da,momem=ysufjyKef;
qkH;½IH;jcif;vQif tqkH;½Sd\}} [lonfESifhtnD cE¨m 5-yg;ESifhpyfaom
taumif; tjrwf [lorQonf tqk;H tqk;H ü ysujf yKe;f ukeq
f ;Hk jcif;
tkyfcsKyfvsuf½Sd\ qdkvdkonf? t<uif;pk odomNyD/
cE¨ m tpOf ü ted p ö v u© P m 10-yg; tNrJ ½ S d j cif ;
þtedpö vu©Pm 10-yg;wdYk onfum; terw*¾oo
H &mü
wpfa,muf wpfa,mufaom owå0g\ cE¨mtpOfü rsufawmif
wpfcwf vQyw
f pfjyufrQ uif;uGmMuonf[í
l r½Su
d ek Nf y?D t[kw½f rdS sKd ;
trSe½f rdS sKd ; r[kwaf om yk*Kd¾ vo
f wå0g\ aojcif;uko
d m odjrifMuí-

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

257

t[kw½f rdS sKd ; trSe½f rdS sKd ;jzpfaom "mwfw\
Ykd cPrpJ aojcif;ç
"r®wdkY\ cPrpJ aojcif;ç cufrmrI zGJUap;rI paom ½kyfcE¨mwdkY\
cPrpJ aojcif;ç jrifrI Mum;rI tp½Sdaom emru©E¨mwdkY\ cPrpJ
aojcif;wdu
Yk kd rjrifMuukeaf om owå0gtaygif;wdo
Yk nfum; xdt
k edpö
vu©Pm q,fyg;wdu
Yk kd b0tqk;H tqk;H rSmrS wpfb0vQif wpfcgom
awGUBuHKMu&ukefonf[lí rSwfxif jrifrSm;í aeMuukef\/
ted p ö m Ek y óemÓPf
b0tqkH; tqkH;rSmrS wpfb0vQif wpfcgom awGUBuHKMu&
ukeo
f nf[k rSwx
f ifí aeMuukeaf om þtedpö vu©Pm 10-yg;
wdkYonfrlum; terw*¾oHo&mü wpfa,muf wpfa,mufaom
owå0g\ cE¨mtpOfü rsuaf wmifwpfcwf vQyw
f pfjyufrQ uGyv
f y
rf ½Sb
d J tNru
J yfwu
kd í
f aeuke\
f [k xifrI jrifrI tjrif ÓPfayguf
rIudk tedpömEkyóemÓPfqdkonf/
b0tqkH; tqkH;rSmrS owå0gaoonf rnfolao½Smonf
rnf0g ao½Smonf[lí odjrifrIudk tedpömEkyóemÓPf rqdk&/
tb,fhaMumifhenf;qdkaomf--xdo
k jd rifro
I nf ½kyw
f &m; emrfw&m;wdu
Yk kd xkwaf zmfíod aom
todrsdK;vnf; r[kwf? w&m;r½Sdaom t½kdif;tpkdif;jzpfukefaom
olwv
Ykd nf; xdo
k r®Kwrd &Pudrk u
l m; odMu jrifMuvsuyf if jzpfuek f
aomaMumifhwnf;/
þum; oGm;jcif; £&d,mykxfü OD;acgif;ü cE¨m 5-yg;wdkY\
tedpv
ö u©Pmç tedpb
ö m0em 10-yg;ukd t>rufrQ jyqdck suw
f nf;/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

258

oG m ;qJ t cgü ted p ö v u© P m 10-yg; yG g ;yk H
þenf;twdkif; oGm;qJtcgü--1/ vnfyif;tzdkYüvnf;aumif;?
2/ tqkwf tonf; ESvkH; ausmufuyfESifhwuG
aom &iftzdkY ausmtzdkYwdkYüvnf;aumif;?
3/ tlr tlord Ef iS w
hf uGaom qD;0rf;tzdYk cg;ç wifyg;
tzdkYwdkYüvnf;aumif;?
4/ aygifESpfzuf tzdkYwdkYüvnf;aumif;?
5/ ajcovkH; tzdkYwdkYüvnf;aumif;?
6/ ajcz0g;tqkH;½Sdaom ajczrdk;wdkYüvnf;aumif;?
ajcwpfvSrf; wpfvSrf;twGif; twGif;ü tvkH;pkHaom
cufrmrI zGJUap;rI tp½Sdaom ½kyfcE¨m emrfcE¨mwdkY\ jzpfrI ysufrI[l
aom tedpötcsufudk ÓPfEdkif½kH ydkif;íydkif;í Munfhav/
wpfudk,fvkH; pyfrdaomtcgürlum;--ajcwpfvSrf; wpfvSrf; twGif;ü wpfudk,fvkH; wpfudk,fvkH;
tukef tukef ysuq
f ;Hk rIukd a½S;ü rSet
f jyifüxifaom ola,mifBu;D
udk pHjyKí cufrmrI "mwfola,mifBuD;ç zGJUap;rI"mwfola,mifBuD;ç
ylaEG;rI"mwf ola,mifBu;D ç vIy<f urI "mwfoal ,mifBu;D ç tqif;"mwf
ola,mifBuD; ponfjyKí Munfh½Iav/
ÓPfEdkifvQif tvdk½Sdwdkif; BuHzefí MunfhEdkifawmhonf/
xdkxdkae&mwdkYü vIyfrSef;odrI xdrSef;odrI emrI usifrI tp½Sd
aom um,0dnmPfemrfcE¨mwd\
Yk rS&D mjzpfaom ta&½kypf k tom;
½kypf k taMum½kypf k t½k;d ½kypf w
k EYkd iS w
hf uG wokww
f okwf csKyyf suí
f

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

259

ygrIwdkYudkvnf; Munfh½IMuav/
ESvkH;aoG; twGif;üjzpfaom b0ifraemç aZmraemwdkYudk
rlum; a½S;ü jyqdck NhJ y;D aomtwdik ;f toD;uGujf cm;í txl;tm;xkwf
av/
OD;acgif;üuJo
h Ydk wpfu,
kd v
f ;Hk ü cE¨m 5-yg;wd\
Yk jzpfrI ysurf u
I kd
Edkifeif;pGm xifjrifí xdkxdkoP²me edrdwfBuD;i,fç oEÅwdedrdwfBuD;
i,fwdkY uG,faysmuf ojzifh edpöedrdwfç twåedrdwfwdkY ÓPfü uG,f
aysmufaomtcg--£ar yOöu©E¨m=þcE¨m 5-yg;wdkYonf/
1/ tedpöm=NrJjcif;oabm r½Sdukef/
2/ t"k0g=cdkifrmjcif;oabm r½Sdukef/
3/ tom&m=tESpfom& r½Sdukef/
4/ pvm=a&GU½Sm;wwfukef\/
5/ yavmu"r®m=ysufpD;jcif;oabm ½Sdukef\/
6/ 0dy&dPmr"r®m=azmufjyefjcif;oabm ½Sdukef\/
7/ r&P"r®m=aoqkH;jcif;oabm ½Sdukef\/
8/ 0db0"r®m=qkH;½IH;jcif;oabm ½Sdukef\/
9/ ocFwm=tzefzef jyKjyiftyfukef\/
10/ yb*Fkaem=z½kdz&J NydKuJGjcif;oabm ½Sdukef\/
[laom tedpv
ö u©Pm 10-yg;wdo
Yk nf wpfv;Hk wpfpnf; wnf;
ÓPftjrifü yg0ifMuavukef\? a½S;ü jyqdkcJhNyD;jzpfí þü
wrf;&rf;rd½kHom jyqdkawmhonf/
oGm;jcif; £&d,mykxf NyD;\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

260

&yf p Of p onf ü cE¨ m 5-yg; jzpf y suf ½ I y k H
&yfjcif; £&d,mykxfç xdkifjcif; £&d,mykxfç avsmif;jcif;
£&d,m ykxw
f üYkd vnf; toD;toD; cE¨m 5-yg;wd\
Yk jzpfyyHk suyf w
Hk u
Ykd kd
£&d,myx oEÅmyawaZmrD;\ tNrx
J rI avmifru
I kd ola,mif½yk f
BuD; OyrmESifhwuG tNrJxlaxmifí Munfh½Iav/
ted p ö 0d y óem
ted p ö 0d y óemrI - - tedpö 0dyóemrIrnfonf yk*¾dKvf
owå0g t*FgBuD;i,fç xdkxdkaum|mo[laom edpö edrdwfBuD;i,fç
twåom& edrw
d Bf u;D i,fwYkd uG,af ysmufuek í
f cE¨m 5-yg; wnf;[l
aom &dw"å r®cçJ wkp"ä r®cçJ okn"r®caJ wGwo
Ykd m ÓPfüuse½f u
dS ek í
f
cPrpJ jzpfrI ysufrIukd tukeftvif;ay:atmif tm;xkwf&aom
trIjzpfonf/
£&d,mykxf av;yg;tukef pyfrad omtcgü tedp0ö yd óem
tvkyf xlaxmifrI xajrmufav\? owå0gwpfck cE¨muk,
d w
f pfcük
aygufa&mufxajrmufvQif terw*¾oo
H &mü ½So
d rQaom owå0g
cE¨mwdkYü xajrmufavawmhonf/
ouf r J h 0 w¬ K ü
ted p ö v u© P m 10-yg;
toufrjhJ zpfaom tvk;H pkaH om ½kypf k ½kycf w
J üYkd vnf; cufrmrI
zGJUap;rI ponfwdkYudk cGJjcm;í oP²meedrdwfç oEÅwdedrdwf wdkYudk
uG,faysmufapí ½kyfpk ½kyfcJç tedpöpk tedpöcJç &dwå"r®pk &dwå"r®cJç

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

261

wkp"ä r®pk wkp"ä r®cçJ okn"r®pk okn"r®cw
J rYkd w
S pfyg; ÓPfü b,foif;
b,f[m wpfcrk Q½mS Buí
H r&onfwikd af tmif Munf½h I tm;xkw&f m
\/
þtoufrJh 0w¬KwdkYüvnf; tedpövu©Pm 10-yg; toD;
toD; ½SdMuukefonfomwnf;? jrif;rdk&fawmifBuD; r[myx0D
ajrBuD;yifjzpfaomf vnf; þtedpövu©Pm 10-yg;wdkYESifh cPrpJ
tNrJjynfhpkHí aeMuukefonfomwnf;/
þtoufrJh0w¬KwdkYü tedpövu©PmwdkYudk ½IrIonfum;
xdk0w¬KwdkY\ 'ku©opömtjzpfudk xif½Sm;xkwfazmf&ef tusdK;iSgom
wnf;? xdaYk Mumifh vlwYkd om,mwG,w
f mMuaom vlUtok;H taqmif
rsdK;ç ewftokH;taqmifrsdK;wdkYüom vdk&if;wnf;? xdk0w¬KwdkYüum;
'ku©vu©Pm xifjrifrIonfom vdk&if;y"mewnf;/
tedp0ö yd óemtvkyf xlaxmifro
d nf½adS omf 'ku0© yd óem
tvkyf tewå0dyóemtvkyfwdkYvnf; xlaxmifrdukefawmhonf/
tewå/ / xdkYaMumifh jrwfpGmbk&m;onf--1/ pu©KH bdua© 0 tedp?Hö ,'edpHö wH'u
k ?H© ,H 'kuH© w'ewåm?
aewH rr? aeaom[ro®d? e araom twåmwd
{0arwH ,xmblwH or®m ynm, '|AÁH/
2/ aomwH bdu©a0 tedpöH? ,'edpöH wH'ku©H? ,H 'ku©H
w'ewåm? aewH rr? aeaom[ro®d? e araom
twåmwd {0arwH ,xmblwH or®m ynm, '|AÁH/
3/ CmeH bdu©a0 tedpöH? ,'edpöH wH'ku©H? ,H 'ku©H
w'ewåm? aewH rr? aeaom[ro®d? e ar aom

tpodYk
4/

5/

6/

bm0em'DyeD

262

twåmwd {0arwH ,xmblwH or®m ynm, '|AÁH/
Zd0gS bdua© 0 tedp?Hö ,'edpHö wH'u
k ?H© ,H 'kuH© w'ewåm?
aewH rr? aeaom[ro®d? e ar aom twåmwd
{0arwH ,xmblwH or®m ynm, '|AÁH/
uma,m bdu©a0 tedpöH? ,'edpöH wH'ku©H? ,H 'ku©H
w'ewåm? aewH rr? aeaom[ro®d? e ar aom
twåmwd {0arwH ,xmblwH or®m ynm, '|AÁH/
raem bdu©a0 tedpöH? ,'edpöH wH 'ku©H? ,H 'ku©H
w'ewåm? aewH rr? aeaom[ro®d? e ar aom
twåmwd {0arwH ,xmblwH or®m ynm, '|AÁH/

[lí a[mawmfro
l nf? pu©Konf tedpo
ö mjzpf\? tedprö eS f
vQif 'kuo
© mjzpf\? tedpö 'kur© eS v
f Qif tewåomjzpf\ [lvo
dk nf/
pl V &m[k a vm0g'ok w f ponfwkdYüvnf;--pu©KH edpöH tedpöH 0g wd/
tedpöH baEÅ/
,H yemedpöH 'ku©H 0g wH okcH 0g wd/
'ku©H baEÅ/
,H yemedpHö 'kuH© 0dy&dPmr "r®?H uv’H EkwH orEkyódwHk
{wHrrç {aom[ ro®dç {aom ar twåmwd/
aem a[wH baEÅ/
tp½So
d jzifh a[mawmfro
l nf? ,cifa'oemawmfEiS hf tusO;f
tus,frQom xl;Muonf/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

263

vl r k d u f v S n f ; orm;ES i f h ynm½S d v S n f ; orm;wk d Y
ar;ajzyk H
iS u f a ysmwk H ; yrm ½k y f e mrf c E¨ m -- Oyrmum; tvGef½Snf
vSaom uEÅm&c&D;cJokdY oGm;Muukefaom vSnf;orm;wkdYwGif
wpfa,mufaomolu wpfa,mufaom olukd qkd&m\/
rdrdwkdYvSnf;wkdYü iSufaysmwkH;ukd vSnf;0if½kd; vSnf;xrf;ykd;
jyK&aomf oifhavsmfrnfavm[k ar;&m\/
roifhavsmf[k ajzay&m\/
tb,fhaMumifh roifhavsmfoenf;[k ar;jyef&m\/
'ku©rsm;pGm jzpfvdrfhrnf[k ajzay&m\/
tb,fah Mumifh 'kur© sm;pGm jzpfvrd rhf nfenf;[k ar;jyef&m\/
jyKjyifrI 'ku© rpJ&mNy?D c&D;cJudk vGeaf jrmufawmhrnf r[kwNf y?D
c&D;cJü iwfrw
G jf cif;ab;Bu;D rSvnf;aumif;ç jcaoFY opfusm; om;&J
bDvl;wkdY ab;rSvnf;aumif; vGwfEkdifawmhrnf r[kwfNyD? rdrdwkdY
tvk½d MdS uaom OpömpD;yGg;pcef;okYd a&mufEidk af wmhrnf r[kwNf y?D þokYd
'ku©rsm;pGm jzpfvdrfhrnf[k ajzay&m\/
tb,fhaMumifh þokdY 'ku©rsm;pGm jzpf&oenf;[k ar;jyef
&m\/
iSufaysmwkH; rnfonf tESpfukda0;pG tumtrm½Sdaom
0w¬KrsKd ;r[kw?f vSn;f 0if½;dk vSn;f xrf;yk;d jyKvyk cf ahJ omf vSn;f wpfcsuf
tvIyt
f vSurf cH? cPrpJ udsK;ysuaf omaMumifh 'kur© sm;pGm jzpf&m
onf[k ajzqkday&m\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

264

xkdtcgrS iSufaysmwkH;ukd vSnf;0if½kd; vSnf;xrf;ykd; jyKvkyfcJh
aomf xkd vSn;f ½Sio
f nf uEÅm&c&D;cJü iSuaf ysmwk;H ESyd pf ufciG ahf wGudk
tukeo
f jd rifaví iSuaf ysmwk;H ukd vSn;f t*Fgü tok;H jyK&ef tmv,
jywfuif;av&m\/
Oyrm-Oyar,spyf [ yf j ycsuf
1/ oHo&mc&D;BuD;onf xkduEÅm& c&D;cJESifh wl\/
2/ ykxZk Of owå0gonf iSuaf ysmwk;H acsmarGUonfuo
dk m
jrifom vSnf;orm; vlESrf;ESifh wl\/
3/ jrwfpGmbk&m;onf iSufaysmwkH; rckdifrI tedpöukdvnf;
aumif;ç vSn;f ½Sit
f m; iSuaf ysmwk;H ESyd pf ufciG hf 'kua© wG
ukdvnf;aumif; odjrifaom ynm½Sda,musfm;ESifh
wl\/
4/ ½kyfcE¨m emrfcE¨monf iSufaysmwkH;ESifhwl\/
vSn;f wpfcsuf tvIyt
f vSurf QrcH cPrpJ usKd ;ysuo
f jzifh
jyKjyifrI 'ku©BuD;rSpí xkdc&D;cJü jyqkdcJhNyD;aom ab;wkdYrS vGwfcGifh
r½Sjd cif;ç tvk½d &dS m OpömpD;yGm;pcef;okYd ra&muf&jcif;[laom iSuaf ysm
wkH;\ ESdufpufrIuJhokdY tvIyftvSuf wpfcsufrQ vSvSrcH cPrpJ
csKyfaysmufjcif;ç tedpöoabmaMumifh toufarG;rI 'ku©BuD;ç
**FgoJrQru yGifhawmfrlukefaom bk&m;½SifwkdYESifh wvGJwnf;vGJí
vmcJ&h jcif;[laom þcE¨mwk\
Yd ESyd pf ufrBI u;D awG teEÅudk odtyf\/
Oyrmjzifh jytyfaom t"dyÜg,f/ //þOyrmjzifh -1/ xkdiSufaysmwkH;onf vSnf;\ t*FgtrIü tedpöwkH;
'ku©wkH;BuD;jzpfí 0if½kd;xrf;ydk;paom vSnf;\t*FgjyK

tpodYk
2/

3/

bm0em'DyeD

265

jcif;iSg oufouf rxkdufouJhokdY oHo&mc&D;cJBuD;ü
cE¨m 5-yg;wkdYonf tedpörsdK; omjzpfukef\/
tedprö sKd ;jzpfonft
h wGuaf Mumifh jyqkcd NhJ y;D aom ESyd pf uf
rIBu;D awG teEÅwEYdk iS hf tjrEJ ydS pf ufwwfuek o
f nfjzpfí
'kur© sK;d wko
Yd mjzpfuek \
f /
þuJo
h aYdk om tedpw
ö ;Hk Bu;D 'kuw
© ;Hk Bu;D tewåw;Hk Bu;D
awGudk rdrw
d \
Ydk uk,
d jf yKvyk í
f rvGwEf idk b
f J pGv
J rf;jcif;ç
ukd,ft*FgjyKvkyfí rvGwfEkdifbJ pGJvrf;jcif;iSg rxkduf
uke?f pGeyYf pfjcif;iSgom xku
d u
f ek o
f nf[al om teufudk
jyvkd&if;wnf;/

cE¨ m 5-yg;uk d twå [ k pG J v rf ; yk H
wPSmç rmeç 'd|dwkdYjzifh--1/ ig\ pu©Kwnf;/
2/ ig\ jrifrIwnf;/
3/ pu©KonfyifvQif igwnf;/
4/ jrifrIonfyifvQif igwnf;/
5/ pu©Konf ig\twåwnf;? ig\ukd,f
wnf;/
[k tckdiftjrJ pGJvrf;í aeMurIonf rdrdwkdY\ ukd,fjyKrIç
ukd,ft*FgjyKrI rnf\? xkdtpGJvrf;ukd ÓPfjzifhy,fzsufrIonf
pu©Kponfukd rdrdwkdY\ ukd,ftjzpfç ukd,ft*FgtjzpfrS pGefYypfjcif;
rnf\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

266

olaX; ol<u,fjzpfMu&ef r[morkj'mukd ul;í OpömpD;yGg;
jyKvkyfrnf ½SdMu&m iSufaysmwkH;awGukd azmifvkyf&aomf oifhavsmf
rnfavmç iSufaysmwkH;awGukd qufí ½Gufwkdifponfvkyf&aomf
oifhavsmfrnfavm tp½Sdonfjzifhvnf; ar;cef;çajzcef;xkwfí
Oyrmjyqkd&ef aygrsm;vS\/
iS u f a ysmwk H ; azmif E S i f h
wl a om twå a bm
avmuü iSufaysmwkH;ukd azmifvkyfrI qkdonfum; iSufaysm
wkH;ukd azmiftwå vkyfrIyifwnf;? iSufaysmwkH;ukd azmif\ukd,f
azmif\twå jyKvkyfí xkdiSufaysmazmifjzifh r[morkj'mokdY ul;cJh
aomf xdak zmif½iS w
f o
Ydk nf 'kuB© u;D pGma&mufí cPcsi;f epfMujrKyMf u
ukev
f wåUH /
tb,faMumifhenf;qkdaomf vIdif;av wpfcsufrQ tvIyf
tvSurf cH ysupf ;D vG,v
f aS om tedp0ö w¬KrsK;d ukd azmif\twå jyKvyk f
rdaomaMumifhwnf;/
Oyrm-Oyar,s pyf [ yf j ycsuf
þ Oyrmü--1/ terw*¾ oHo&mBuD;onf r[morkj'mESifhwl\/
2/ udavomwkdYonfvnf;aumif;ç Z&mr&PwkdYonf
vnf;aumif; r[morkj'mtjyifü tjrjJ zpfíaeaom
avMurf; vIdif;Murf;wkdYESifh wlukef\/
3/ owå0gwkdYonf azmif½SifwkdYESifhwlukef\/
4/ twåabmwkdYonf azmifESifhwlukef\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

267

5/

pu©Kç aomw tp½Sdaom ½kyfcE¨mç emrfcE¨mwkdYonf
iSufaysm wkH;ESifhwlukef\/
6/ xkad zmif½iS w
f o
Ydk nf cPcsi;f epfMu jrKyMf uukeo
f uJo
h Ydk
terw*¾oHo&mü vlç ewfç jA[®m owå0gwkdYonf
tyg,fav; yg;okdY tzefwvJvJusí aeMu&ukef\/
tb,faMumifeh nf;qkad omf--- tckid t
f jrrJ sK;d r[kwaf om pu©K
aomw tp½Sdaom ½kyfcE¨m emrfcE¨mwkdYukd twåjyKrSm;íaeMu
aomaMumifhwnf;/
twå j yKrI - - twåjyKrIqkdonfum;-- &½Sdíaeaom pu©K
ponfudk ightwå[k ighu,
dk [
f k igjrifonf igMum;onf igMuo
H nf[k
om,mjcif;onfvnf; twåjyKrI rnf\/
aemufaemufb0wkdYü pu©K\jynfhpkHjcif;ç aomw\jynfhpkH
jcif;ç Cme \jynfhpkHjcif;ç Zd0Sg\jynfhpHkjcif;ç um,\jynfhpHkjcif;ç
raem\jynfph jkH cif;udk tNraJ wmifw
h í a&S;a&S;b0wdu
Yk ukov
kd 'f ge
wdkYudk jyKjcif;rsm;onf pu©KponfwdkYudk tNrJtwåjyKrIrnf\/
tocF w ed p ö " mwf B uD ;
,ckb0ü tewåÓPftjrif ay:aygufatmif tm;xkwí
f
xdÓ
k Pftjrif ay:aygufco
hJ nf&adS omf twåjyKvyk rf I uRwv
f w
G Mf u
ukef\? xdkuRwfvGwfrI[laom "mwfBuD;onf tocFw"mwfBuD;
aywnf;? terw*¾oo
H &mü tpOfcikd Nf raJ om edp"ö mwfBu;D aywnf;/
xdkYaMumifh igwdkYbk&m;omoemü uRwfMuoltaygif;wdkYwGif
tnHhqHk; trsm;qHk;jzpfMuukefaom vlbHkpOfpH teEÅ? ewfbkHpHpOf

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

268

teEÅç jA[®mbHkpOfpH teEÅwdkYonf tedpörsdK;jzpfukefaom ½kyfcE¨m
emrfcE¨mwdu
Yk kd twåjyKí rSw
D ,
G rf rI S uRwv
f w
G Mf uukeí
f xdt
k ocFw
edp"ö mwfBu;D udk tNy;D rSw
D ,
G rf Md uukeo
f nfjzpfí b0rsm;pGm urÇmrsm;
pGm oHo&mü usifvnfí oGm;Muukefaomfvnf; txufodkY
qefwuform;wdo
Yk mwnf;/
oHo&m0#f'u
k ü© jrKyo
f rm;ç arsmorm; r[kwMf uayukeNf y?D
epform;ç rGe;f orm; r[kwMf uayukeNf y?D ykxZk Ofbo
Hk m;ç avmuDbHk
om;ç oHo&mbkHom;rsKd; r[kwfMuayukefNyD? t&d,mbHkom;ç
avmukw&å mbHo
k m;ç oOyg'daoo yXredAmÁ efbo
kH m;wdaYk ywnf;/
iS u f a ysmazmif Oyrm
Oyrmum;-iSufaysmazmifESifh r[morkj'mudk ul;Muukef
onf&adS omf vdiI ;f avwpfcsuf twefi,fvyI cf v
hJ Qiyf if azmifysuí
f
cPcsif;jrKyfMuavukef&m\? wpfzef iSufaysmazmifvkyfí ul;jyef
vQif wpfzef cPcsif; jr§KyMfuukefjyef&m\? tBudrfwpf&mvkyfí
ul;vQif tBudrfwpf&myif cPcsif; jr§KyfMuukefjyef&m\? tBudrf
wpfaxmifyif vkyí
f ul;vQif tBurd w
f pfaxmifyif cPcsi;f jrKyMf u
uke&f m\? tBurd af ygif;teEÅ iSuaf ysmazmifvyk í
f ul;vQif tBurd f
aygif;teEÅ cPcsif; jrKyfMuukef&m\/
r[morkj'm vIdif;rnfonf tvGefvnf;BuD;us,f\? b,f
tcgrS jywfvwfonf[lír&Sd? xdkolwdkYrSm r[morkj'mxuf
BuD;us,fvSaom ab;BuD;[lír&Sd? ul;wdkif;ul;wdkif; cPcsif;jr§Kyf
cPcsif;arsmcsnf; jzpfMuukef&m\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

269

tb,fhaMumifhenf;qdkaomf- iSufaysmazmif\ ysufvG,frI
aMumifv
h nf;aumif;ç rdrw
d u
Ykd vnf; iSuaf ysmazmifrw
S pfyg; rSw
D ,
G f
&efr&S?d iSuaf ysmazmifuo
kd m rSw
D ,
G &f vsuf &Sad vaomaMumifv
h nf;
aumif;wnf;/
vl Y b 0ud k wpf B ud r f & jyef b d ? tyg,f b H k o d k Y jrKyf j yef b d /
ewfb0udk wpfBudrf&jyefbd? tyg,fbHkodkY jrKyfjyefbd/ jA[®mhb0udk
wpfBurd &f jyefb?d tyg,fbo
kH Ykd jrKyjf yefb?d wpfBurd jf rKyjf yefvQiv
f nf;
tyg,fwpfcGif wufwuf pifatmif arsmcsifwdkif; arsmíaeawmh
onf? b0aygif;todef;taomif;ru Mumanmif;vSrS jyef&awmh
onf? terw*¾oHo&mwavQmufBuD; arQmfMuav/
ed A Á m ef o abF m pD ; ol jzpf j cif ;
odMum;zefqif;aom r[mypö&d oabFmBu;D jzifh r[morkj'm
udk ul;Muukeaf om olwt
Ykd m;um; wpfpw
kH pfcak om ab;tEÅ&m,f
r&S?d avmuü r[morkj'mMu;D xuf tqef;wMu,f tMu;D tus,f
thMH ozG,af umif;aom t&mr&S?d xdaYk Mumifh xdo
k w
l t
Ykd m; r[morkj'm
MuD;onf tvGefaysmfarGU zG,f&mMuD; jzpf\? urf;odkYyif rwufcsif
&SdMuukef&m\?
tb,fhaMumifhenf;qdkaomf-b,ftEÅ&m,frS rvIyf&Sm;Edkif
aom odMum;rif;azmifBuD;ukd rSDwG,fMu&avaomaMumifhwnf;/
yx0Dtp&Sdaom "mwfBuD; 6-yg;wdkYudk ÓPftjrif rayguf
Muukerf í
l pu©Kç aomwponfwu
Ykd o
kd mvQif twåjyKvyk f rSw
D ,
G í
f
aeMu&ukefaom ykxkZOf owå0gwdkYrSm vlYcsrf;omç ewfcsrf;omç

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

270

jA[®mhcsrf;omwdkYonf tvGef BuD;us,faom tEÅ&m,fBuD;wdkYom
wnf;? onfxuf BuD;us,faom tEÅ&m,f r&Sd/
tb,fhaMumifhenf;qdkaomfxkdcsrf;omwkdYESifh wpfBudrfwpfcg awGYMuKH&ukefonf½Sd
aomf rdrw
d t
Ydk wå[ak ygufvw
G f tvkv
d u
dk í
f xm;Muukef
aom udavomwnf;[laom avMurf;vIid ;f Murf;wko
Yd nf
tjyif;txef x<uí xkdolwkdYukd i&Jç wd&pämefç Nydwåmç
tok&um,f tyg,fwpf½kd;okdY twGifom xkd;í xkd;í
csMuavukefaomaMumifhwnf;/
"mwfBuD; 6-yg;wkdYukd ÓPftjrif aygufMuukefí twåpGJ
vrf;rI uRwv
f w
G Mf uukeo
f jzifh oOyg'daoo yXredAmÁ efBu;D uko
d m
rDw
S ,
G Mf uay ukeaf om bkpH OfpH aomwmyefteEÅwrYdk mS rlum; tvk;H pkH
aom vlcY sr;f omç ewfcsr;f omç jA[®mch sr;f omwko
Yd nf tvGeBf u;D us,f
aom arGUavsmfzG,fBuD; wkdYomjzpf\? wpfpkHwpfckaom 0dywådukd
rjyKMuavukef/
tb,fhaMumifhenf;qdkaomf- edpöxm0&jzpfí rysufpD;Ekdif
aom tocFwyXredAÁmefBuD;ukdom rDSwG,fMuayukefaomaMumifh
wnf;/
tocFw yXredAÁmefBuD;-- twå'd|d 0dpdudpöm csKyfNidrf;rI
'kpö½kduf cyfodrf; csKyfNidrf;rI tyg,fb0wkdYrS tNyD;csKyfNidrf;rIBuD;ukd
xkdbkHpOfpH t&d,mwkdYwnfae&m tocFwedAÁmefBuD; qkdownf;/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

271

oOyg'daoo t"dyÜg,f-- oOyg'daoo qkdonfum;xko
d w
l üYdk bkpH Ofpq
H o
dk nfEiS t
hf nD b0rsm;pGm urÇmrsm;pGm vlcY sr;f omç
ewfcsrf;omç jA[®mhcsrf;omwkdYukd tpOfcHpm; pHpm;í arGUarGU avsmf
avsmf aysmaf ysmyf g;yg; txufeAd mÁ efBu;D okYd oGm;Mu&ef udavom<uif;
b0<uif; Zmwd<uif; Z&m<uif; r&P<uif; ½Sdao;aomaMumifh
oOyg'daoo qkdayownf;/
jyqkv
d &dk if;um;-- r[mork'&´ mBu;D wpfcw
k nf;onfyifvQif
iSuaf ysmazmif½iS w
f rYdk mS tvGeaf Mumufrufz,
G af om ab;tEÅ&m,f
Bu;D jzpf\/
r[mypö&d trnf½Sdaom &wemoabFmBuD;½SifwkdYrSm tvGef
ab;uif;í arGUavsmfaysmfyg;zG,f aumif;vSaom £|orÜwåd
Bu;D jzpf\/
þokdY ESpfcGjzpf&onfukdaxmufí--iS u f a ysmazmif ½ S i f - - iSufaysmazmifBuD;½SifwkdYrSmvnf;r[m ork'&´ mBu;D onf ab;tEÅ&m,f trSef r[kw?f rdrw
d rYdk w
DS ,
G &f m
iSufaysmazmifBuD;\ tedpörIonf ab;tEÅ&m,f trSeftppf
jzpfacsonf[k odtyf\/
&wemazmif½Sif-- &wemazmifBuD;½SifwkdYrSmvnf;- r[m
ork'´&mBuD;onf £|orÜwåd trSefr[kwf? rdrdwkdY rSDwG,f&m
&wemoabFmazmifBu;D \ edpt
ö rIonfom £|orÜwdå trSet
f ppf
jzpfacsonf[k odtyf\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

272

xkt
Yd wl awblru "r®rsKd ;jzpfuek af om vlpY nf;pdrçf ewfpnf;
pdrfç jA[®mh pnf;pdrfwkdYonfvnf;--twå ' d | d ½ S d o l - - twå'd|d ½SdolwkdYrSm-- rD;wpf[kef;[kef;
avmifí aeaom aESmiftrd Bf u;D uJo
h Ydk tvGeaf Mumufrufz,
G f aom
ab;tEÅ&m,fBuD; jzpf\/
twå ' d | d u if ; ol - - twå'd|d uif;Nidrf;NyD;aomolwkdYrSmodMum;rif;\ a0Z,EÅm eef;jymom'fuJhokdY tvGefarGUavsmfzG,f
aom okcorÜwådBuD; jzpf\/
þokdY ESpfcGjzpf&onfukd axmufí--twå ' d | d ½ S i f - - twå'd|d½SifwkdYrSmvnf;- csrf;omBuD;okH;yg;
onf ab;tEÅ&m,ftppf r[kw?f rdrw
d rYdk w
DS ,
G &f m cE¨mwk\
Yd tedprö I
onfom ab;tEÅ&m,f trSeftppf jzpfonf/
edAÁmef½Sif-- edAÁmef½SifwkdYrSmvnf;- csrf;omBuD;okH;yg;onf
okcorÜwt
då rSef r[kw?f rdrw
d nfae&m edAmÁ efBu;D \ edprö o
I nfom
trSeftppf jzpfay\[k odtyfavownf;/
ted p ö r S 'k u © ç tewå j zpf j cif ;
þokYd od&ojzifh terw*¾ oHo&mü t0Dpid &Jab;ESiw
hf uG
½SdorQaom 'ku©ab;ç 'ku©'Pfç 'ku©&efç 'ku©tEÅ&m,f[lorQ
wkdYonfç tedpövu©Pm wkdYrScsnf; jzpfyGm;ukef\? jyqkdvwåHUaom
'kuv
© u©Pm 25-yg;wko
Yd nfvnf; tedpv
ö u©Pm 10-yg;wkrYd cS sn;f
jzpfyGm;ukef\? tewåvu©Pm 5-yg;wkdYonfvnf; tedpövu©Pm

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

273

10-yg;wkdYrScsnf; jzpfyGm;ukef\[k xif½Sm;av ukefownf;/
þonfum; 'kuç© tewåwo
Ydk nf tedprö jS zpfymG ;ukeo
f nf[k
a[mawmfrlaom ,cifygVdawmfBuD;rsm;\ teuft"dyÜg,fonf
tvGefeufeJ vSonfjzpfí ynm½SdwkdY odjrifEkdif&ef twefi,fcsJUí
jyqkdcef;wnf;/
tedpövu©Pm 10 yg;NyD;\/
------ Ä -----tewå v u© P m 5-yg;
tewå y k ' f \ t"d y Ü g ,f - - tewåmç ya&ç &dwåmç wkpämç
oknm [laom tewåvu©Pm 5-yg;wdkYonfum; jyqdk chJNyD;aom
tedpövu©PmwdkY\twGif;ü xifvif;pGm yg0ifavNyD;jzpfívnf;
aumif;ç tewåoabmudjk yqdck ef;ü xif½mS ;chaJ vNyjD zpfaomaMumifh
vnf;aumif; tus,fjyqdkzG,f r½SdMuukefNyD/
ya&yk'f\ t"dyÜg,f-- ]]ya&=tuRrf;0ifjcif; tNrJuif;
aom olpdrf;jyifywdkYomwnf;}} [l&mü-tuRrf ; 0if r I - - tuRrf;0ifrIqdkonfum; wPSmjzifh
igh[m[lí odrf;ydkufrIç rmejzifh ig-ig[lí txifrSm;rIç 'd|djzifh
ig\twå ig\udk,f igtpdk;&onf ig\tvdkodkYvdkufonf[k
aMumifaMumifBuD; tjrifrSm;rIudk tuRrf;0ifrI qdkonf/
1/ vljzpfow
l t
Ykd m; om;r,m; ypön;f Opömwdu
Yk kd om,mrIç
avmu *kPf usufoa&wdkYudk om,mrIç

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

274

2/

&[ef;jzpfolwdkYtm; qGrf;aumif; ouFef;aumif;
ausmif; aumif; axmywf qDysm;paom aq;aumif;
wdkYudk om,mrIç cifrifrIç wynfhy&dowfç wum
y&dowfwdkYudk om,m wG,fwmrIç
3/ &[ef;jzpfol vljzpfolwdkYtm; pu©Ktvdkudkvdkufpm;rIç
aomwtvdk vdkufpm;rIç Cmetvdkudk vdkufpm;rIç
Zd0Sgtvdkudk vdkufpm;rIç um,tvdkudk vkdufpm;rIç
pdwrf aemtvdu
k kd vdu
k pf m;rI tvk;H pkw
H o
Ykd nf tuRr;f 0if
rIcsnf;yifwnf;/
olpdrf;jyifyqdkaomfvnf; Oayu©molpdrf;jyifyrsdK;r[kwf?
owå0gwk\
Yd yuwdtvkjd zpfaom orÜwv
då rf;ukd ydwq
f í
Ydk owå0gwkYd
tusKd ;rJBh u;D jzpfaom 0dywåv
d rf;uko
d m twGizf iG Mhf uukeaf om &efol
BuD;wkdYjzpfMuaMumif;ukd yk*¾dKvftvkd "r®tvkdcGJcef;ü jyqkdxif½Sm;
apcJhNyD/
&d w å wk p ä ok n wk d Y \ t"d y Ü g ,f
1/
2/

3/

yk*¾dKvf owå0g ig olwpfyg; a,mufsm; rdef;r OD;acgif;
ajc vuftp½Sdaom oP²meedrdwfrdsK;/
oloGm;onf igoGm;onftp½Sdaomç vufvIyfonf
ajcvIyf oljrifonf igjrifonf olMum;onf igMum;
onftp½Sdaom oEÅwdedrdwfrsdK;/
aumif;onf jrwfonf wifhw,fonf zG,f&monf
tzkd;xkdufonf *kPf½Sdonf usufoa&½Sdonftp½Sd

tpodYk
4/

bm0em'DyeD

275

aom okcedrdwfrsdK;/
tpkd;&onf tvkdvkdufonf igykdifonf olykdifonf
igqkdifonf olqkdifonf tp½Sdaom twåedrdwfrsdK;/

tvk;H pk;H wkrYd S qdwu
f if;í "r®tpk "mwftpk ½kyt
f pk emrftpk
tedpötpk 'ku©tpk tewåtpk oufoufrQomjzpfonfukd ]]&dwåç
wkpäç okn}} qkdownf;/
oP²meedrw
d rf sKd ;ç oEÅwed rd w
d rf sKd ;ç edpeö rd w
d rf sKd ;ç okcedrd w
d rf sKd ;ç
twåedrdwfrsdK;wkdYonf cE¨mwkdY\ &dwåç wkpäç oknoabmudk
tvGefvkHNcHKpGm zkH;vTrf;ukef\? "mwfawGudk ÓPfESifhxifvif;pGm
Munfhazmfí xdkzkH;vTrf;rIwdkY jy,faysmufrS ay:Edkifrnf/
jyKjyifrI ocFg&&-- jyKjyifrIBuD;onf xdkedrdwfwdkYudk vGefpGm
aus;Zl; jyK\? arG;zGm;rSpíjyKjyifrIwdkYudk ÓPfESifh tukefy,f&Sm;í
MunfhrIç owå0gwdkY\ yuwdtvdk "mwfwdkY\ yuwdtvdkwdkYudk
oD;oefYjcm;íMunfhrIç jyqdkcJhNyD;aom orÜwådpD;yGg;vrf; 0dywådpD;yGg;
vrf;wdkYudk jcm;em;í MunfhrIwdkYonf &dwåç wkpäç okn tjrifxif
&Sm;&ef tcsufwdkYyifwnf;/
wkpäpD;yGm;rsdK;;-- avmuü-pu©Ktvdkudk vdkufrIESifh rQw½kHrQ
xuf ydrk í
kd vdu
k pf m;jzpfygG ;Muaom avmuDp;D yGg;[lorQonf 0dywåd
pD;yGg;vrf;jzpfí wkpäpD;yGg;rsKd;omwnf;/
1/ avmbtvdu
k kd vdu
k pf m;rIEiS hf jzpfxeG ;f Muaom avmuD
pD;yGg;rsKd;?

tpodYk
2/
3/
4/

bm0em'DyeD

276

a'goç rmeç 'd|w
d \
Ykd tvdu
k kd vdu
k pf m;rIEiS hf jzpfxeG ;f Mu
aom pD;yGg;rsKd;?
pu©Kt&omudk vdkufpm;rIESifh tm;xkwfvkyfaqmifMu
aom AmvkókuúrsKd;?
aomwtvdkudk vdkufpm;rIç Cmetvdkudk vdkufpm;rIç
Zd0Sg tvdkudk vdkufpm;rIç udk,ft*Fgtvdkudk vdkufpm;rIç
pdwt
f vdu
k kd vdu
k pf m;rIEiS hf tm;xkwv
f yk af qmifMuaom
AmvkókuúrsKd; [lorQwdkYonf wkpärsKd; oknrsKd;wdkYom
wnf;/

iSufaysmazmifukd tcgcg xlaxmifouJhokdY vljzpf&efç ewf
jzpf&efç jA[®mjzpf&ef tm;xkwfvkyfaqmifMuaom yknmbdocFg&
tmeOÆmbdocFg& trIrsdK;wkdYonfvnf; wkpä oknrsdK;wkdYomwnf;/
xkt
d rIw\
Ydk tusKd ;jzpfaom rEkóç a'0ç jA[®orÜww
då o
Ydk nfvnf;
wkpä oknrsdK;wkdYomwnf;/
pD ; yG m ;tppf r S m aAm"d y u© d , vrf ; om-- aAm"dyud©,
vrf; wpfco
k nfomvQif owå0gwk\
Yd yuwdtvkEd iS hf ajzmifph mG vku
d f
onfjzpfí owå0gwk\
Yd tusKd ; owå0gwk\
Yd pD;yGg; tppfjzpfownf;/
avmuD p D ; yG m ;rS e f o rQ tcsnf ; ES D ;
,Od§ udpöH ty0d'¨H? tudpHö ye u&D,wd/
OEéVmeH yrwåmeH? awoH 0¹kEÅd tmo0g/ ("r®y')
,HudpöH=tMuifrdrdwkdY pD;yGg;vrf;tppfonf? tw¬d=½dS\?
wH=ukd,hfusdK; ukd,fhpD;yGg; tppfukd? ty0d'¨H=vkH;vkH;pGefYypfíxm;\?

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

277

tudpöH ye=uk,
d u
hf sKd ; uk,
d phf ;D yGm;r[kwf 0dywåv
d rf; oufoufjzpfí
rjyK&rnfht&mukd? u&D,wd=BudK;pm;tm;xkwf jyKvkyftm;usí
ae\/
OEéVmeH=tom;tESpfum;r½Sd twGif;ü tacgif; tyü tcGH
twdomjzpfukefaom usLyifçusLawmwkdYESifh tvm;wlukefonf
jzpfí?yrwåmeH=omoemawmfESifh MuKHBudKufygukefvsuf ukd,fhusdK;
ukd,fhpD;yGm;rS yvyfarhavsmhíaeMuukefaom? awoH=xkdowå0g
wkdYtm;? tmo0g=0dywådpD;yGm; tmoa0gw&m;wkdYonfomvQif?
0¹kEÅd=aeY½SdorQ wkd;yGm;íaeMuukef\/
þum; avmuü uk,
d u
hf sKd ; uk,
d phf ;D yGg;[k vku
d pf m;tm;usí
aeMuukeaf om trIcyford ;f tusKd ;pD;yGg;cyford ;f "eorÜwçdå abm*
orÜwådç £ó&d,orÜwådcyfodrf;wkdY\ &dwå wkpä okn tjzpfukd
&dyfrd½kHrQ jyqkdvkdufaom tcsufwnf;/
tewåvu©Pm 5 -yg; NyD;\/
----- Ä -----

'ku©vu©Pm 25 -yg;ü
ok c 'k u © tjym;uk d jyqk d c ef ;
'kuv
© u©Pm 25 -yg;ü okctjym; 'kut
© jym;ukd a½S;OD;pGm
jyqk&d m\/
ok c ES p f y g;/ / ok c tjym;qk d o nf u m;-ok c tjym;onf
a0',dwokcç oEÅdokc[lí ESpfyg;½Sd\
a0',d w ok c / xkdwGif £|tm½kHrsdK; orÜwådtm½kHrsdK;ukd&í
cHpm;rI pHpm;rIonf a0',dwokc rnf\/

tpodYk
oEÅ d o k c /

bm0em'DyeD

278

ylyefp&mr½Sd yifyef;p&mr½Sd Nidrf;csrf;rIonf
oEÅdokc rnf\/

a0',d w ok c --xkdESpfyg;wkdYwGif--ypön;f OpömESihf jynfph í
kH &yftv,f &Gmtv,fü wifw
h ,fpmG ae&aom
vlwdkY\okconf a0',dwokcrnf\/
oEÅ d o k c -- ypö n f ; Opö m wd k Y r S uif ; &S i f ; í awmtv,f
csHKtv,f ü jidrf;csrf;pGmae&aom &[ef;wdkY\ okconf oEÅd
okcrnf\/
pu© K tm&H k ponf ü
ok c 'k u © c G J y H k
pu©Ktm½Hük tjypfukd rjrifrí
l pu©Ktm½Hu
k kd tvd&k u
dS ek af om
olwt
Ykd m; pu©Ktm½Hu
k kd awG&Y jcif;onf okcrnf\? rawG&Y jcif;onf
'ku© rnf\/
pu©Ktm½Hkü tjypfudkjrifí pu©Ktm½HkrS uif;jcif;udk
tvd½k u
dS ek af om olwt
Ykd m; pu©Ktm½Hu
k kd rawG&Y jcif;onf okcrnf\?
awGY&jcif;onf 'ku©rnf\/
aomwtm½Hkü tjypfudk rjrifrlí aomwtm½Hkudk tvdk½Sd
ukefaom olwdkYtm; aomwtm½Hkudk awGY&jcif;onf okcç rawGU&
jcif;onf 'ku©? aomwtm½Hkü tjypfudkjrifí aomwtm½HkrS
uif;jcif;udk tvd½k u
Sd ek af om olwt
Ykd m; aomwtm½Hu
k rkd awG&Y jcif;
onf okcç awGY&jcif;onf 'ku©rnf\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

279

Cmetm½Hk/ y/ Zd0Sgtm½Hk/ y/ um,tm½Hk/ y/
raemtm½Hkü tjypfudk rjrifrlí raemtm½Hkudk tvdk½Sdukef
aom olwt
Ykd m; raemtm½Hu
k kd awG&Y jcif;onf okcç rawG&Y jcif;onf
'ku©? raemtm½Hkü tjypfudkjrifí raemtm½HkrS uif;jcif;udk
tvdk½Sdukefaom olwdkYtm; raemtm½Hkudk rawGY&jcif;onf okcç
awGY&jcif;onf 'ku©rnf\/
awG&Y jcif;udk tvd½k u
dS ek af om olwüYkd awG&Y rIonf a0',dw
okcrnf\/
rawGY&jcif;udk tvdk½Sdukefaom olwdkYü rawGY&rIonf
oEÅo
d ck rnf\/
avmbNid r f ; ol \ ok c ES i f h avmb½S d o l w d k Y \ ok c
okcç 'ku©jzpfykH-- xdkYtwl xdkxdktm½kHudk tvdk½Sdukefaom
olwdkYtm; tvdk½Sd&m tm½kHudkawGUvQif okcjzpf\? rawGUvQif
'kuj© zpf\? &vQif okcjzpf\? r&vQif 'kuj© zpf\? tvdEk iS hf jynfph v
Hk Qif
okcjzpf\? rjynfhpkHvQif 'ku©jzpf\/
wPSmavmb Nidrf;csrf;ojzifh tvdkcyfodrf;wdkYrS uif;½Sif;
ukeNf y;D aom olwt
Ykd m; wpfpw
Hk pfcu
k rdk Q rawGU&jcif;onf okcrnf\?
awGU&jcif;onf 'ku©rnf\/
rpif acG;aumifykyf vlaumifykyfudk tvdk½Sdukefaom usD;
vif;wwdkYtm; rpif acG;aumifykyf vlaumifykyfudkawGUvQif okc
jzpf\? rawGUvQif 'ku©jzpf\/
jynfwefywåjrm;Bu;D ukd rawGUvku
d ek af om olwt
Ydk m; jynfwef
ywåjrm; &wemBu;D ukd rawGU&jcif;onf okcjzpf\/ awGU&jcif;onf

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

280

'kuj© zpf\/
cyfodrf;aom owå0gwkdYü tvkdonf tcsKyftjcm jzpf\/
----- Ä ----vrf ; 2-oG , f
tvk d q k d ; aumif ; 2 -rsd K ;/ / cyfodrf;aom tvkdwkdYrSm
vnf;1/ tjypfukd rjrifaom t0dZÆmtrkduftrJwkdYESifhç
2/ tjypfudk jrifaom ynmtvdrm® ---ESpyf g;onf t&if;rlv
jzpfonf/
a0',dw okcvrf;-- tjypfukd rjrifaom t0dZÆmtrkduf
trJ[laom arm["mwfBuD; yGg;pD;wkdif; yGg;pD;wkdif; 0w¬Ktm½kH
umr*kPfwkdYukd awGUvkdrI &vkdrI jynfhpHkvkdrI[laom rnf;npf vl;vJ
aom wPSm"mwfBuD; yGg;pD;&\? wPSm"mwfykyfBuD; vIUHaqmfwkdif;
vIUHaqmfwkdif; owå0gwkdYonf tm½kHukd trSwf&Muukef\? tm½kHokdY
pdwfa&mufMu&ukef\? awGUvkdMu&ukef\? pdwfoGm;&mukd,fygí
aeMuukef\/
þum; a0',dw okcvrf;wnf;/
oEÅ d o k c vrf ;-- tjypfukdjrifaom ynmtvdr®m arm[
"mwfBu;D yGg;pD;wkid ;f yGg;pD;wkid ;f 0w¬Ktm½kH umr*kPw
f EYdk iS hf uif;a0;vkrd I
uif;uGmvkdrI[laom oefY½Sif;pifMu,faom tavmb"mwfMunf
Bu;D yGg;pD;&\? tavmb"mwfMunfBu;D vIaYH qmfwidk ;f vIaYH qmfwidk ;f
ynm½Sw
d o
Ydk nf tm½kEH iS v
hf w
G u
f if;&mukd trSw&f Muuke\
f ? tm½kEH iS hf

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

281

vGwu
f if;&mokYd pdwaf &mufMu&uke\
f ? pdwo
f mG ;&m uk,
d yf gMuuke\
f /
þum; oEÅdokcvrf;wnf;/
yk x k Z Of w k d Y oG m ;&mvrf ; -- xkdESpfvrf;wkdYwGif a0,'dw
okcvrf;onfum; terw*¾oHo&mü ,aeYxufwkdif jrKyfarsmí
aeMuukefaom ykxkZOfowå0gwkdY\ vrf;aywnf;/
t&d , mwk d Y oG m ;&mvrf ; -- oEÅ d o k c vrf ; onf r[m
orkj'mü oJvkH;ta&twGufrQru uRwfvGwfawmfrlMuukefaom
bk&m;ç yapöuAk'¨gç t&d,moljrwfwkdY\ vrf;aywnf;/

acG;½l;jyefolç ,ifrrJ½kdif;ç yuwdvlç
ysm;ydwkef; Oyrmrsm;
xdEk pS yf g;wdw
Yk iG -f -1/ t0dZmÆ wPSm"mwfrnf; "mwfyyk Bf u;D yGg;pD;tkypf ;kd í aeaom
owå0gwdo
Yk nf a0',dwokcudo
k m okc[k xifEikd f jrifEikd Mf uuke\
f ?
oEdÅokcudk okc[lí rxifEdkif rjrifEdkifMuukef? 'ku©[k xifMu
jrifMuukef\? acG;½l;jyefaomolonf at;jrvSpGmaom a&udk
aMumufouJo
h w
Ykd nf;? a0',dwokcudo
k m &SmBuv
H u
kd pf m;Muuke\
f ?
oEÅo
d ck udk tvdyk if r&SMd uuke?f ,ifrrJ½idk ;f wdo
Yk nf tnDt
§ ykyu
f o
kd m
&SmMuukeo
f uJo
h w
Ykd nf;/
2/ ynmç tavmb "mwfMunfBuD;ESpfyg; yGg;pD;tkyfpdk;aom
olwYdk onfru
l m; oEÅo
d ck uko
d m okc[k xifjrifMuuke\
f ? a0',dw
okcukd 'ku©[kxifjrifMuukef\? a&rGwfodyfaom yuwdvlonf

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

282

at;jrvSpmG aom a&ukd cifrifouJo
h w
Ydk nf;/ oEÅo
d ck uko
d m ½SmBuH
vku
d pf m;Muuke\
f ? a0',dwokcukd a½Smif½mS ;Muuke\
f ? ysm;ydwek ;f
wko
Yd nf arT;BuKd if oif;ysUH aom yef;&eHu
Y o
dk m ½SmBuMH uukef ouJo
h Ydk
wnf;/
xkdYtwl--1/ t0dZÆmç wPSm[laom "mwfnpf "mwfykyftkyfpkd;vsuf
½Sad eukeaf om owå0gtaygif;wko
Yd nf a0',dwokc tm½k½H &dS mwküYd
w½ke;f ½ke;f wtke;f tke;f aeMuuke\
f ? ,ifaumifwo
Ydk nf tn§t
D ykyf
½Sd&mwkdYü w½kef;½kef; wtkef;tkef; aeMuukefouJhokdYwnf;/
2/ ynmç tavmb[laom "mwfMunf"mwfvif;tkyfpkd;
aom oltaygif;wkdYonf oEÅdokcukd &&mXmewkdYü w½kef;½kef;
wtke;f tke;f aeMu uke\
f ? ysm;ydwek ;f wko
Yd nf arT;BuKd io
f if;ysUH aom
tyGiEhf iS jhf ynfph aHk om opfyif awmcsKH y'krmMumtkid w
f üYdk w½ke;f ½ke;f
wtkef;tkef;aeMuukefouJhokdYwnf;/
ynmrsufpd½SdolESifh r½Sdoltjrif/ / xkdYaMumifh jrwfpGm
bk&m;onf,H ya& okcawm tm[k? w'&d,m[k 'ku©awm/
,H ya& 'ku©awm tm[k? t&d,m okcawm 0d'l/
ypöedu rd'H a[mwd? y@daw[d tyówH/
[lía[mawmfrlay\/
,H=tMuifa0',dwokcuk?d ya&="mwfnpf"mwfyyk f tkypf ;dk ol
taygif;wkdYonf? okcawm=okc[lí? tm[k=ajymqkdorkwf tm;

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

283

xkwf½SmrSD;Muukef\? wH=xkda0',dwokcukd? t&d,m="mwfMunf
"mwfjzL tkypf ;dk olwo
Ydk nf? 'kua© wm='ku[
© í
l ? tm[k=ajymqko
d rkwf
tm;xkwfa½Smif½Sm;Muukef\/
,H=tMuifoEÅdokcukd? ya&="mwfnpf "mwfykyf tkyfpkd;ol
taygif;wkdYonf? 'ku©awm='ku©[lí? tm[k=ajymqkdorkwf rvkyf
rBuH vGwfxm;Muukef\/ wH=xkdoEÅdokcukd? t&d,m="mwfMunf
"mwfjzL tkyfpkd;olwkdYonf? okcawm=okc[lí? 0d'l=odjrifvkdufpm;
tm;xkw½f mS BuMH uuke\
f ? y@daw-[d=ynmrsupf d tjrif½u
dS ek af om
olwkdYESifh? tyówH=ynmrsufpd tjrifr½Sd MuukefaomolwkdYtm;?
£'Hypöeu
d =H þokaYd om tjrifEpS zf uf qefu
Y sizf ufaeonf? a[mwd=
jzpf\/
þokdYvQif avmuü okcç'ku© tjyef tvSefjzpfíaeMurI
onf yk*¾dKvf owå0gwkdY\ trIr[kwf? pifppfaomfum; rkdufrJvl;vJ
aom "mwfç Munfvif jzLpifaom"mwfwkdY\ trIomwnf;/
ynmrsuf p d r ½S d o l w k d Y t zk d Y
tyg,f b k H
vlUcE¨m ewfcE¨m vlUumr*kPf ewf umr*kPfwkdYü 25-yg;
aom 'ku©tjypfwkdYonf ½Sdaeukef\? tMuifowå0gwkdYonf cE¨m
umr*kPf tokdufttkHwkdYukd jrifwwfaom yuwd rsufpdwpfzuf
om ½SMd uuke\
f ? 25-yg;aom tjypfwu
Ydk dk jrifwwfaom ynmrsupf d
um; r½SMd uuke?f xko
d wå0gwko
Yd nf jyqkcd NhJ y;D aom ,ifaumifowå0g
wku
Yd o
hJ Ydk vlUpnf;pdrçf vlUcsr;f omç ewfpnf;pdrçf ewfcsr;f omwküYd om
waxG;vkH;vkH; w½kef;½kef;aeMuukef\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

284

xk d o wå 0 gwk d Y t wG u f terw*¾ o H o &mü urÇ m topf
wnfaxmifwidk ;f wnfaxmifwidk ;f tyg,fav;bkBH u;D wko
Yd nfvnf;
tNyD;wnfaxmif&ukef\/
tpk;d &rif;wko
Yd nf wkid ;f jynfNrKd U&Gmukd wnfaxmifjyKpMk uaom
tcg raumif;aomolwkdYukd xm;zkdY&m axmifBuD;ç t½l;axmifç
wd&pämefaxmifwkdYukd wnfaxmifMuukefouJhokdYwnf;/
tyg,fav;bkHonf xkdowå0gwkdY\ xm0&ae&yfwnf;?
xko
d wå0g wko
Yd nf tyg,fZmwd trsKd ;t½k;d wkw
Yd nf;? vlUbkH ewfbo
Hk Ydk
wpfvSnfhwpfcg ay:vmMuukef\? vdyfumPf;Oyrm a'oemudk
axmufajrmfav/
ed A Á m ef b k H B uD ; 5-qif h - - tMuif o wå 0 gwk d Y o nf cE¨ m
umr*kPf tokdufttkHwkdYü 25-yg;aom 'ku©vu©PmwkdYukd jrif
wwfaom ynmrsufpd aygufa&mufMuukef\/
xko
d wå0gwko
Yd nf jyqkcd NhJ y;D aom ysm;ydwek ;f wku
Yd o
hJ Ydk oEÅo
d ck
teHY t&om½Sad om yifv;Hk uRwyf iG ahf om aAm"dyu©,
d tifMuif;awm
BuD;üomvQif aeYw½kef;½kef; nOfhw½kef;½kef;aeMuukef\/
xkdowå0gwkdYtwGuf terw*¾oHo&mESifhtrQ tpOfxm0&
tocFw"mwf tjrwfeAd mÁ efbBHk u;D ig;qifw
h o
Ydk nf tNrw
J nfaxmif
vsu½f MdS uuke\
f /
ig;qifq
h o
dk nfum;--1/ aomwmywård *fcPrSpí qku
d Mf u&aom yXredAmÁ ef
bkHBuD; wpfqifhç

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

285

2/

ou'g*grdr*f cPrSpí qdu
k Mf u&aom 'kw,
d edAmÁ ef
bHkBuD; wpfqifhç
3/ tem*grdr*f cPrSpí qdkufMu&aom wwd,edAÁmef
bHkBuD; wpfqifhç
4/ t&[wår*f cPrSpí qdkufMu&aom pwkw¬edAÁmef
bHkBuD; wpfqifhç
þav;qifhudk udavoedAÁmefvnf;ac:onf? oOyg'd
aooedAÁmefvnf; ac:onf/
5/ tqHk;pGef y&dedAÁmefpH&m cPrSpí qdkufMu&aom
yOöredAÁmefbHkBuD; wpfqifhç
þedAmÁ efukd cE¨y&deAd mÁ ef ac:onf? tEkyg'daooedAmÁ ef vnf;
ac:onf/
orkj'mBu;D wqufwnf; wjyifwnf; wpfcw
k nf;jzpfvsuf
b*Fvm; ESifheD;pyf&m b*Fvm;yifv,fç r'&yfESifh eD;pyf&m r'&yf
yifv,fponf ac:ouJhodkY rSwfav/

bk&m;wpfqlwpfql omoemü
aomwmyef trsm;qHk;
wpfqlwpfqlaom bk&m;omoemwdkYü yXredAÁmefbHkom;
tjzpfoYkd a&mufMuukeaf om owå0gwdo
Yk nfomvQif trsm;qH;k jzpfMu
uke\
f ? xdw
k iG v
f nf; bHpk OfprH sKd ;wdo
Yk nfom trsm;qH;k jzpfMuuke\
f /
igwdYk bk&m;vufxufü uRwMf uukeaf om vlUbHpk OfpH teEÅç
ewfbpkH OfteEÅç jA[®mb
h pkH Ofpt
H eEÅwo
Ykd nf ,cktcg ewfjynf jA[®mh

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

286

jynfwdkYü tjynfh½SdMuukef\/
xdkolwdkYonf 'd|dcyfodrf;wdkY\ csKyfNidrf;jcif;ç 'kpö½dkufcyfodrf;
wd\
Yk csKyNf ird ;f jcif;ç tyg,foo
H &mBu;D \ csKyNf ird ;f jcif; wnf;[laom
rdrw
d Ykd qdu
k af &mufwnfae&m yXredAmÁ ef oEÅo
d ck Bu;D ESiw
hf uG vlUcsr;f
omç ewfcsrf;omç jA[®mhcsrf;omwdkYudk tqifhqifh cHpm;pHpm;í
jrifhonfxufjrifh&mç jrwfonf xufjrwf&mç orÜwådvrf;BuD;udk
wpfajzmifhwnf; usifvnfí oGm;Muav ukef\/
terw*¾oHo&mü owå0gcyfodrf;wdkYonf bk&m;omoem
udk ajrmfMu&onfum; þorÜwådvrf;BuD;udk t&trd,lvdk &vdkMu
ukeí
f ajrmfMu&ukeo
f nf? þorÜwv
då rf;Bu;D onfom cyford ;f aom
owå0gwdkY\ yuwdtvdkus vrf;BuD;trSef jzpfownf;/
okc 2- rsdK;;/ / þodkYvQif okconfa0',dwokc-- tyg,ftrsdK;t½dk;wdkY\ tm;udk;rSDwG,f&m
jzpfaom a0',dwokcwpfrsdK;/
oEÅdokcwpfrsdK;;-- edAÁmefbHkol edAÁmefbHkom;wdkY\ tm;udk;
rSDwG,f&mjzpfaom oEÅdokcwpfrsdK;ç [líokcESpfrsdK; ½Sdownf;/
xdkESpfrsdK;wGifa0',dwokconf 'ku©rsdK;-- "mwfnpf "mwfykyf tkyfpdk;
vTr;f rd;k vsu½f adS om owå0gwd\
Yk tm;ud;k rSw
D ,
G &f mjzpfaom vlcY sr;f
omç ewfcsrf;omç pu©Kt&omç aomwt&omponf [kqkdtyf
aom a0',dwokcrsdK;onf jyqkdvwåHUaom 25-yg;aom 'ku©

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

287

vu©PmwkdYESifh jynfhpkHonfjzpfí ynm½SdwkdYü 'ku©omtrSefjzpf\/
xkdYaMumifh jrwfpGmbk&m;onf--]],HudOöd a0',dwH wH 'ku©o®d}}
[lí a[mawmfrlayonf/
,HudOöd=tvkH;pkHaom? a0',dwH=a0',dwokconf? tw¬d=
½Sd\? wHoAÁH=xkdtvkH;pkHaom a0',dwokc[lorQonf? 'ku©o®d=
'ku©xJucsnf;omwnf;/ 'ku©csnf;om qkdvkdonf/
oEÅ d o k c om ok c tppf
edAÁmefbkHol edAÁmefbkHom;wkdY\ tm;ukd; rSDwG,f&mjzpfom
'd|dcyfodrf;wkdY\ csKyfNidrf;jcif;ç 'kpö½kdufcyfodrf;wkdY\ csKyfNidrf;jcif;
tp½Sad om oEÅo
d ck onfru
l m; jyqkv
d wåUH aom 'kuv
© u©Pm 25yg;wkrYd S uif;vGwo
f nfjzpfí ynm½Sw
d üYdk okctppftrSejf zpf ay\/
tb,faMumifh oEÅdokconfom okctppftrSefjzpfav
oenf; [lrlum;--iSuaf ysmazmifBu;D Oyrmü- pdwaf wmif; cGaJ wmif; wif;awmif;
yrmP½Su
d ek af om ausmufv;Hk wko
Yd nfvnf; tjynfw
h if xm;vsuf
½Sdukef&m\? xkdiSufaysmazmifBuD; axmufyHhaom abmh[lívnf;
wpfpw
Hk pfcrk Q rygav&m? teD;tyg;ü wG,w
f m&ef avSorÁmef[í
l
vnf; r½Sdav&m/
þuJhokdYaom iSufaysmazmifBuD;onf ysufonf½Sdaomf
azmifay:½Sd vltaygif;wkdYESifhwuG xkdae&müyifvQif ork'´&m
oJtjyifokdY qkdufatmif epfjrKyfav&m\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

288

okdYwnf;r[kwf- ausmufvkH;0efwkdYukdvnf; wpfckrusef
y,f½mS ;cJ&h m\? &efuek jf rpfüxm;tyfaom oHabmhBu;D uJo
h Ydk tvGef
BuD;ckdifcHh vkHavmufpGmaom oHabmhBuD;vkH;a& 37-vkH;wkdYonf
yg½Sdukef&m\? odMum;rif; zefqif;vmaom r[mypö&d azmifBuD;ü
vnf; oHBudK; oHvGefwkdYjzifh rSDwG,f&m\/
xkdazmifBuD;onf av[kef vIdif;[kefjzifh tajctaeysuf
aomfvnf; a&ay: vIdif;ay:üaygavmom ae&m\? epfjrKyfjcif;
arsmyg;jcif; r½Sad v&m? azmifay:üyg½Sad om olwv
Ydk nf; Oy'fr½SMd u
avukef&m/
Oyrm Oyar,s ES D ; aES m jycsu
jycsuf
þOyrmü1/ ykxZk Ofowå0gwküYd terw*¾oo
H &mwGif tpOfyg½Sí
d
aeukef aom 'd|d 0dpu
d pd mä w&m;ç 'kp½ö u
dk w
f &m;wko
Yd nf
ausmufvkH;0ef ESifhwlukef\/
2/ terw*¾ oHo&mü owå0gwk\
Yd cE¨m 5-yg;wku
Yd ydk *k Kd¾ vf
owå0g t*FgBuD;i,f[laom edpörsdK;xifrSwf pJGvrf;
aeMurIonf iSufaysmazmif iSufaysmwkH; iSufaysmcGH
wku
Yd dk &wemazmifBu;D &wemt*FgawG xifrw
S pf v
GJ rf;
aom olESrf;wkdY\trIESifhwl\/
3/ ig-ig[lí ig\uk,
d f ig\uk,
d [
f í
l tNrpJ v
JG rf; qnf;
yl;rIç 'kpö½kduf 'k&mZD0w&m;wkdYukd ukd,hfusdK;ukd,fh pD;yGm;
jyKvkyfqnf;yl; rIwkdYonf ausmufvkH; ausmufcJwkdYukd

tpodYk
4/

5/

6/

7/

8/

bm0em'DyeD

289

ywåjrm;&wemxifrSwfí azmifay:okdYcsnf; wif,l
qnf;yl;rIESifh wlukef\/
edpörsdK; r[kwfonfhtwGufaMumifh ajcwpfvSrf; wpf
vSrf; twGif;rSmyif tcgcgysufpD;rIç em&DpOf ysufpD;rIç
A[k&d pf Of ysupf ;D rIç aeYpOf&ufpOfysupf ;D rIç OwkpOf vpOf
ESpfpOfysufpD;rIç b0tqkH; tqkH;ü tNrJysufpD;rIonf
iSufaysmazgifysufESifh wl\/
ypöKyÜefcE¨mukd wG,fwmí toufarG;rItp½Sdaom
trsdK;rsdK;aom jyKjyifrIç tm½kHt&omukd vkdufpm;rIç
avmuDpD;yGm;udk tm;xkwfrIç aemufb0tusdK;iSg
ukokdvfaumif;rI qnf;yl;rI tvkH;pkHwkdYonf iSufaysm
azmif iSufaysmwkH;wkdYukdom topftopf½SmrSD; xl
axmifrIESifh wlukef\/
'd|d0ef 'kpö½kduf0efwkdY\ rqefYwifuJ tNrJav;í aerI
aMumifh aoonftjcm;rJhü tyg,fav;yg;okdYcsnf;
epjfrKyfí aeMurIonf ausmuf0efav;rIaMumifh iSuf
aysmazmif ysufwkdif;ysufwkdif; ork'´&moJ tjyifokdY
qku
d af tmif tk;d wnfepf epfícsn;f aeonfEiS w
hf \
l /
bkHpOfpH t&d,mwkdYtm; xkd0dpdudpämw&m;ç xkd'kpö½kduf
w&m;wku
Yd dk tuket
f pif y,f½mS ;rIonf ausmufv;Hk 0ef
wkdYukd wpfckrusef y,f½Sm;rIESifhwl\/
bkpH OfpH t&d,mwkt
Yd m; b0rsm;pGm urÇmtqufquf
tNrJyg½Sdíaeukefaom aAm"dyu©d,w&m; 37-yg;wkdY

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

290

onf tvGeBf u;D cHch idk f vkaH vmufvu
S ek af om oHabmh
BuD;wkdYESifhwlukef\/
9/ 'd|d 0dpdudpämw&m; 'kpö½kdufw&m;wkdY\vnf;aumif;ç
tyg,f oHo&mBuD;\vnf;aumif; tcsif;cyfodrf;
uif;Nird ;f csr;f omrI [laom oEÅo
d ck Bu;D onf rSw
D ,
G &f m
&wemazgifBuD;ESifh wl\/
xkdt&d,mwkdY\ cE¨mukd,fwkdYonf wpfckwpfckaombkHrS
pkawukefonf½Sdaomf xkdbkHüaomfvnf; xyfíjzpfay:ukef\
txufbrHk mS aomfvnf; jzpfay:uke\
f ? atmufbüHk avsmusjcif;ç
tyg,fokdY epfjrKyfjcif;[lí r½SdukefNyD/
<uif;aom OyrmOyar,s ESD;aESm&eftcsufpkrSm
odomxif½mS ;vSNy/D
'ku©t&aumufESifh t"dyÜg,f/ / þrQaom pum;&yf
wkdYjzifh-]],HudOöd a0',dwH wH 'ku©o®d}}
[laom ygVdawmfjrwfESifhtnD þ'ku©0dyóemt&mü
'kuq
© o
dk nfum; 'kuv
© u©Pm 25-yg;ESihf jynfph aHk om a0',dwokc
taqmuf tODwkdYukd qkdownf;/
tb,faMumifhenf;qkdaomf--]]b,a|e 'ku}H© } [lonfEiS t
hf nD oEÅo
d ck rS uif;½Si;f Muukef
aom ykxZk Ofowå0gwkt
Yd m; terw*¾oo
H &mü Bu;D us,v
f pS mG aom
tyg,'ku©ab;ukd tzefwpfvJvJ rpJjzpfapwwfaomaMumifh
wnf;[laom teuft"dyÜg,fukdjyqkdownf;/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

291

opöm 4-yg;wGifyg½Sdaom 'ku©ESifh þ0dyóemwGif yg½Sdaom
'ku©onf wlMu\? b,|'ku©rsdK;wnf;/
b,|'k u © - - b,|'k u © q d k o nf u m; tMuif w &m;ud k
taMumif;jyKí ,ckb0üaomfvnf;aumif;ç aemufaemufb0
aemufaemufurÇmwdüYk aomfvnf;aumif; tyg,fou
Ykd sa&mufjcif;
,kwfedrfhaom b0odkY avsmusjcif;[laom 'ku©ab;onf jzpfav
&m\? xdkw&m;onf ewfrif;BuD;ç jA[®mrif;BuD;wdkY\ toufcE¨m
pnf;pdrfcsrf;omyifjzpfaomfvnf; b,|'ku© rnf\/
a0'emwd u f ü ygaom 'k u © a 0'em
opöm 4-yg;t&mç þ 0dyóemt&mwdkYü a0'emwdufuhJodkY
'ku©a0'emudk vdk&if; r[kwf/
xd k ' k u © a 0'emonf u m;-]]tomw| tEk b 0e|'k u © } }
aywnf;? cHpm;qJcPü rcsrf;omrIaywnf;/
opöm 4-yg;t&m þ0dyóemt&mwdkYüum;avmuD c srf ; om[l o rQ 'k u © j zpf y k H
ewfrif; odMum;rif;wdkY cHpm;Muaom tvGefaumif;jrwfvS
aom okca0'em Bu;D yif jzpfjim;aomfvnf; jzpfjcif; ysujf cif;ab;?
tzefzef jyKjyif&aom'ku©ab;? udavomab;wdkYudk jzpfyGm;
apojzifh ,kwfnhHjcif;odkY a&mufapwwfaom 'ku©ab;tp½Sdaom
tjypfa'go tm'De0½SdaeaomaMumifh 'ku©omtrSefjzpfownf;/
oEÅdokc wpfckudkom þt&mü okc qdk&onf/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

292

oEÅo
d ck r[kwaf om a0',dwokcrsKd ; rSecf v
Jh Qif tjypfa'go
cyfodrf;wdkYrS uif;½Sif;rI r½SdavaomaMumifh þt&mü 'ku©[lí
a[mawmfrlayownf;/
'ku©vu©Pm 25-yg;ü okc 'ku© cGJcef;NyD;\/
------- Ä -------

1/

2/

3/

4/

'k u © t csuf
'k u © t "d y Ü g ,f
avmuü temqd;k a&m*gqd;k trsKd ;rsKd ;wdo
Yk nf ESyd pf uf
wwfaomaMumifh aMumufrufzG,f[laom teuf
tm;jzifh 'ku© rnfukef\/
temqdk; a&m*gqdk; trsdK;rsdK;ESifh jynfhpkHukefaom
temonf a&m*gonfwo
Ykd nf temqd;k a&m*gqd;k wd\
Yk
tESyd pf ufukd cH&aomaMumifh aMumufrufz,
G [
f al om
teuftm;jzifh 'ku© rnfukef\/
wzef xdktemonf a&m*gonfwdkYonfyifvQif rdb
om; o®;D paom eD;pyfvaS omolwu
Ykd kd aMumifMh uylyefrI
udk jzpfymG ;apjcif;ç jyKprk 'I u
k u
© kd jzpfygG ;apjcif;ç tvkyf
tMuH pD;yGg; ysufjym;rIudk jzpfapjcif;ç aq;c 0g;c
ukeq
f ;Hk &aom 'kuu
© kd jzpfygG ;apjcif;wdjYk zifh tNrEJ ydS pf uf
wwfaomaMumifh aMumufrufzG,f[laom teuf
tm;jzifh 'ku©rnfjyefukef\/
xdkeD;pyfaom olwdkYonfvnf; xdktemonf a&m*g
onfwdkY\ tESdyftpufudk cH&aomaMumihf aMumuf

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

293

rufzG,f[laom teuftm;jzifh 'ku©rnfukef\/
avmuü BuD;pGmaom rif;jypfrif;'PfrIBuD;jzifh rif;jypf rif;
'Pf oifah omol ç xdo
k El iS phf yfaom rdb om;o®;D ponfwüYkd þenf;
wlodav/
xdkYtwl terw*¾ oHo&mBuD;üvnf;--1/ 25-yg;aom tjypfa'go tm'De0w&m;wdkYonf
ESdyfpufwwfaomaMumifh aMumufrufzG,f[laom
b,|tm;jzifh 'ku©rnf ukef\/
2/ xdkw&m;wdkYESifh tNrJ,SOfukefaom cE¨m 5-yg; ½kyfç
emrfw&m;wdkYonf xdkw&m;wdkY\ ESdyfpufrIudk tNrJcH
&aomaMumifh 'ku© rnfukef\/
3/ ESdyfpufrIudk tNrJcH&ojzifh tvGefraumif;vSaom
'kuw
© &m; cE¨m 5-yg;wdu
Yk kd tNrv
J Qif rdrw
d Ykd ud,
k jf yKí ud,
k t
f *FgjyKí
aeMuukefaom owå0gtaygif;wdkYudk xdkcE¨m 5-yg;wdkYonf tNrJ
ESdyfpufwwfaomaMumifh aMumufrufzG,f[laom teuftm;jzifh
'ku©rnf ukef\/
ig[laomtwåtpGJ-- tNrJudk,fjyKrI udk,ft*FgjyKrIqdkonf
um;-- ypöKyÜefjzpfaom cE¨m 5-yg;wdkYudk tNrJigjyKí pGJvrf;rIç
ig\ydkif&mqdkif&m t*FgjyKí pGJvrf;rIç ig\tESpfom& twåjyKí
pGv
J rf;rIç xdpk v
JG rf;rIwt
Ykd wdik ;f cE¨m 5-yg;wd\
Yk pD;yGg;udk tNru
J ,
kd u
hf sKd ;
udk,fh pD;yGg; jyKvkyfíaeMurIç aemufaemufb0tqufquf urÇm
tqufqufwdkYüvnf; xdkcE¨m 5-yg;wdkYudkyifvQif tqufquf
rdrw
d Ykd twåjyKvyk í
f oGm;Mu&ef a½S;a½S;b0wdu
Yk wifu;l í ukov
kd f

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

294

aumif;rI jyKvkyfxlaxmifí aeMurIwdkYudk qdkownf;/
xdkYaMumifh 25-yg;aom tjypfa'go tm'De0w&m;wdkYESifh
tNrJ,SOfaom cE¨m 5-yg;? ½kyfemrfw&m;wdkYonf cyfodrf;aom
oHo&m'ku©ç tyg,'ku©wdkY\ tcsKyftjcm jzpfayownf;/
þum; 'ku©tcsufudk jyqdkcsufaywnf;/
---- Ä ---'k u © v u© P m 25-yg;
25-yg;aom tjypfa'go tm'De0 qdkonfum;--'ku©ç b,ç þwdç Oy'´0ç Oyo*¾ç ov’ç a&m*ç tmAm"ç
*@ç tCç twmPç tavPç to&Pç tm'De0ç tCrlvç
0"uç omo0ç rm&mrdoç Zmwdç Z&mç Asm"dç aomuç y&da'0ç
Oyg,moç oHudavodu/
þ 25-yg;wdkYudk qdkonf/
1-'k u © t jypf u d k j yqd k c ef ;
tedpövu©Pm ½IykH-- rdrdwdkYoEÅmefü ½Sdaeaom cufrmrI
wpfckudk terw*¾oHo&mü ÓPfESifhtpOfwef;íxm;wpfcw
k pfcak om b0tqk;H tqk;H ü ukecf ef;ysuq
f ;Hk rI aemuf
aemufb0ü topftopfjzpfay: yGg;pD;rIudkvnf;aumif;ç wpfck
wpfcak om b0twGi;f ü £&d,mykxaf v;yg; ajymif;vJ&mü tydik ;f
tydik ;f ysuq
f ;Hk rI topftopf jzpfay:rIuv
kd nf;aumif;ç wpfcw
k pfck
£&d,mykxftwGif;ü a½S;üjyqdkchJNyD;aomenf;tm;jzifh txl;xl;
taxGaxGaom taMumif;wdaYk Mumifh ta[mif;ta[mif; ysuq
f ;Hk rI

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

295

topftopfjzpfay:rIwdkYudkvnf;aumif; jrifatmif½I/
xdt
Yk wl rdro
d EÅmefü&Sad om zJUG ap;rI ylrI at;rI awmifw
h if;rI
wdkYudkvnf;aumif;ç jrifrI Mum;rItp&Sdaom emrfcE¨mwdkYudkvnf;
aumif; terw*¾oHo&mü ÓPfESifh toD;toD;wef;í xm;NyD;rS
b0tydik ;f tjcm;ç wpfcw
k pfcak omb0ü £&d,myx tydik ;f tjcm;
tp&Sdaom tpDt&ifjzifh jzpfay:rI ysufqHk;rIwdkYudk jrifatmif
Munfhav/
terw*¾oo
H &mü tpOfwef;íxm;qd&k mü cufrmrIpaom
oabmudk vufudkifjyKí ÓPfESifh MuHajrmf&rnf qdkvdkonf? ,ck
ypöKyeÜ b
f 0ü ae&m wus jrifcv
hJ Qif oHo&mwpfcv
k ;kH twGi;f 0ifav
awmhonf/
tqif;ç toHç teHHYç t&om ponfwkdYudkvnf; xdkenf;wl
½I&yg\/
þum; cE¨m 5-yg;wkdY\ tedpöt>rufwnf;/
----- Ä ----'k u © v u© P m½I y H k - - þodkY tedpövu©Pmudk a&S;OD;pGm
azmfjyNyD;rS 'ku©vu©Pmudk ½I&rnf/
½Iyu
kH m;-þuJo
h Ykd tedprö sK;d jzpfuek af om þcE¨m 5-yg;wdo
Yk nf
terw*¾oHo&mwGif wpfem&DrQ Nidrfoufcsrf;Munf wnfaecGifh&Sd
aom oEdÅ"mwfrsKd; r[kwfukef? jzpfjcif; ysufjcif;[laom "mwfqdk;
"mwf0g; ESpyf g; tNrJ aESmif,
h u
S o
f jzifh oGuo
f u
G v
f nf azmufjyefí
aeukeaf om "mwf½;l rsK;d "mwfaemufrsK;d wdo
Yk mwnf;? ,ckyif vlcY E¨mç
,ckyif acG;cE¨mç ,ckyif ewfcE¨mç ,ckyif odMum;cE¨mç jA[®mch E¨mç

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

296

,ckyif ok*wdcE¨mç ,ckyif 'k*w
¾ d t0Dpd cE¨mjzpfíaeMuukeaf om
"mwf½;l rsK;d "mwfaemufrsK;d wdo
Yk mwnf;[k rdrd cE¨mtpOf\ jzpfvrf;
ysufvrf;udk oHo&mwpfavQmufvHk; jrif&rnf/
xdt
Yk wl- wpfcw
k pfcak om jzpf&mb0 twGi;f üvnf; tjzpf
tysuf aESmifh,SufrIaMumifh ,ckyif okctzdkYç ,ckyif 'ku©tzdkYç
azmufjyef ajymif;vJr&I adS om "mwf½;l rsK;d "mwfaemufrsL;d wdo
Yk m wnf;?
tyg,fokdY usonfwdkifatmif okctzdkYç 'ku©tzdkY ajymif;vJrI vQif
t&if;&Sad om 'kup© ufBu;D tqifq
h ifv
h nfí oGm;yHu
k kd a&S;ü jyqdck hJ
NyD;aom 'ku©vu©Pmcef;ü jyqdkcJhorQudk þae&mü tukefay:
ap&rnf/
xdkYaMumifh-]]£ar=þcE¨m 5-yg;wdkYonf? 'ku©m=,kwfrmnpfqdk;
qif;&JrsKd; wdkYomwnf; }}[lí qkdayonf/
( 'ku© NyD;\/ )
------- Ä ------2-b,ud k jyqd k c ef ;
cE¨ m ig;yg;onf ab;jzpf y H k
]]b,=aMumufz,
G f npfq;kd 'kur© sK;d }} qdo
k nfum;- terw*¾
oHo&mü cE¨m 5-yg;wdkY\ cPrpJ jzpfjcif; ysufjcif; tedpövQif
t&if;&Sad om 'kup© ufBu;D wdo
Yk nf t0Dpo
d q
Ykd u
kd af tmif tzefwvJvJ
tqifhqifhvnfí vnfí aeMuukef\? xdYkaMumifh ork'´&mc&D;ü
iSufaysmazmifBuD;udk wufpD;í oGm;&rnfqdkaomf xdkolwkdYtm;

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

297

xdkiSufaysmazmifBuD;onf aMumufzG,f npfqdk;'ku©tdk;BuD;om
trSefjzpf\odkYxdkYtwl terw*¾oHo&mc&D;ü cE¨mig;yg;wdkYudk rdrdwdkYudk,f
jyKí rdrdudk,ft*FgjyKí a½ShodkY usifvnf&rnfqdkaomf xdkowå0g
wdt
Yk m; rdrçd rdrw
d \
Ykd cE¨m 5-yg;wdo
Yk nf aMumufz,
G ,
f w
k q
f ;kd 'kut
© ;kd
wdkYomtrSef jzpfukef\/
te0wwf t d k i f r S urÇ m h w ef q mjzpf í r[mork ' ´ & mod k Y
tjrpJ ;D oGm;í aeMuukeaf om jrpfBu;D ig;oG,f jrpfi,fig;&m acsmif;
ajrmif;rsm;pGmwdkYonf [dr0EÅmü tjrJwnf½Sdaom te0wwf
tdkifBuD;rS xGufukef\/
xdkYtwl terw*¾oHo&m wef;qmjzpfí r[mt0Dpdwdkif
atmiftjrJ tqifhqifhvnfíaeMuaom 'ku©pufBuD;ig;jzm
'ku©pufi,f rsm;pGmwdkYonf cE¨m 5-yg;wdkYü tjrJwnf½Sdaeaom
jzpfrIç ysufrIç O',AÁ,rIBuD;rS xGuf ukef\/
xdkYaMumifh cE¨m 5-yg;wdkYudk 'ku©tdk;BuD;ç 'ku©wGif;BuD;ç 'ku©
tif;BuD;ç 'ku©tdkifBuD;[lí qdktyfukefownf;/
xdkuJhodkYaom 'ku©tdk;BuD;wdkYudk rdrdçrdrdwdkY\ udk,ft*FgjyKí
OD;acgif; t*FgjyKí ajct*Fg vuft*Fg rsufpdt*Fg em;t*FgjyKí
tonf;t*Fgç tqkwt
f *Fg paom twGi;f t*FgjyKí usiv
f nfjcif;iSg
aMumufvefYzG,f tvGefaumif;vSavownf;/
xdaYk Mumifh ]]b,m=aMumufz,
G n
f pfq;kd 'kur© sK;d wdo
Yk mwnf;}}
[kqdkayonf/
(b, NyD;\/)
----- Ä -----

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

298

3-þwd ud k jyqd k c ef ;
cE¨ m 5-jzmonf tEÅ & m,f r sKd ;
orÜwåDeH tEÅ&m{wd tm*päwDwd þwd? tEÅ&ma,m/
orÜwåDeH=orÜwådwdkY\? tEÅ&m=tMum;ü? {wdtm*päwd=
vmwwf\/ £wd=xdkYaMumifh? þwd=þwdrnf\? tEÅ&ma,m=
tEÅ&m,fqv
kd o
kd nf/
owå0gwdo
Yk nf tjrt
J vd½k t
dS yfaom okcorÜww
då \
Ykd tMum;
ürMum rMumusa&mufí vmwwf\ [lvdkonf/
vlUcE¨mjzpfí wpfBudrfvmonfaemuf tyg,fcE¨m tBudrf
wpf&mru tBudrfwpfaxmifru Mum;n§yfjyef\? ewfcE¨mjzpfí
wpfBudrfvmonf aemuftyg,fcE¨m wpf&mruçwpfaxmifru
Mum;n§yjf yef\? jA[®mch E¨mjzpfí wpfBurd v
f monfaemuf tyg,fcE¨m
wpf o d e f ; wpf o ef ; ru Mum;n§ y f j yef \ ? þod k Y b0tm;jzif h
orÜwådb0\ tMum;tMum;ü 0dywådb0 rsm;pGmMum;csyf\?
0dywådb0 rsm;pGmjzpf\/
wpfckwpfckaom orÜwådb0twGif;üvnf;*AÇao,su yk*¾dKvfwdkYtm; trd0rf;ü npfnrf;qdk;0g;aom
y#doaE¨ udef;aerI 0dywåd'ku©rSpí £&d,myx oEÅmyrD;twGuf
jzpf&aom anmif;rI nmrIpaom 'ku©rsKd;ç Owk&moDodkYvdkufí ylrI
tdkufrI jcifrSufudkufrI csrf;at;rI 'ku©rsKd;ç toufarG;rItwGuf
xdkxdktwwfynm oifMum;rItwGuf tyef; tEGrf; tcsrf;tylcH&
aom 'kur© sK;d ç &Hcg&Hcg xdx
k adk &m*grsK;d temrsK;d wdEYk iS hf awGBY uKH &aom
'ku©rsKd;ç &Hcg&Hcg uyfoHk;yg;ESifh awGUMuHK&aom 'ku©rsKd;ç &efolrsKd;

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

299

ig;yg;ESiahf wGBY uKH &aom 'kur© sK;d tp&So
d nfjzifh ud,
k pf w
d Ef pS jf yif Munf
vifcsrf;jraom orÜwdåcE¨m\ tMum;tMum;ü 0dywdåcE¨mwdkYonf
rsm;pGm rsm;pGm Mum;n§yfukef\/
aphaphppkH kH ajrmfjrifwwfygvQif wpfb0vH;k ü orÜwt
åd cGiyhf if
r&So
d avmufjzpf\? t0dZmÆ çwPSm[laom "mwfnpfBu;D "mwfyyk Bf u;D
wd\
Yk tvdEk iS o
hf m aysmEf idk Mf u&uke\
f ? emrfcE¨mwko
Yd nfvnf; ukov
kd f
[laom orÜwdåcE¨mwdkY\ tcGifhonf tvGefenf;yg;\? ukodkvf
tvSnfh\ tMum;tMum;ü tukokdvftvSnfh 'kpö½kduf tvSnfhwdkY
onf tvGerf sm;pGmrsm;pGm n§yu
f ek \
f ? aphaphppkH kH ajrmfjrif wwfMuyg
ukefrlum; ukodkvftcGifhyif r&Sdoavmuf jzpfay\/
xdkYaMumifh]]þwd = xd w f v ef Y o zG , f tEÅ & m,f r sKd ; wd k Y o mwnf ; }}
[kqdkayonf/
þrS aemufü tusOf;rQudkom jyqdktHh/
(þwd NyD;\/)
------ Ä -----4-Oy'´ 0 ud k jyqd k c ef ;
ES d y f p uf w wf a om cE¨ m ig;yg;/ //]]Oy*EÉm '0wDwd
Oy'´a0g}}/
Oy*EÉm=uyfa&mufí? '0wd=ylyef yifyef;apwwf\? £wd=
xdkYaMumifh? Oy'´a0g=Oy'´0rnf\/
OD;acgif;ü rdk;BudK;usjcif; avmifrD;usjcif; tqdyfxefaom

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

300

a>rcJjcif; uif;cJjcif; qifeif;jcif; usm;cJjcif; opfyifrSusjcif;
umvem ab;xdk;em tp&Sdaom ½kwfw&ufjzpfí tjyif;txefcH
&aom a&m*gqdk; temqdk; uyfa&mufjcif;tp&Sdaom taMumif;
wdkYaMumifh okctzdkYrS cPcsif; ajymif;vJ azmufjyefí jyif;xefpGm
yifyef;aom 'ku©tzdkYodkYa&mufaom cE¨m 5-yg;udk ]]Oy'´0}} qdk
ownf;/
þbm0emt&mürl u m; cE¨ m wd k Y \ yuwd o abmud k
xkwaf zmfí ½I&onf? yuwdoabmjzifo
h m t½k;d trsK;d qdv
k u
kd o
f nf/
cE¨ m 5-yg;\
ES d y f p uf r I u d k ½I y H k
½IyHkum;- ig\ cE¨m 5-yg;onf b,ftcgrqdk rdk;BudK;rSefcJh
aomf b,ftaeavmuf 'kut
© zdo
Yk Ykd cPcsi;f a&mufí oGm;vdrrhf nf
enf;- tp&So
d nfjzifh MuzH efí Munfch o
hJ nf&adS omf tvGejf yif;xefpmG
yifyef;aom 'ku©wkH;BuD; 'ku©cJBuD;jzpfí aeonfudk jrifvdrfhrnf/
trdrS arG;zGm;onfrSpí wpfb0vkH;wGif b,fem&DrSmrqdk
xdu
k o
Jh aYkd om Oy'fBu;D qdu
k v
f mchv
J Qif xdu
k o
Jh jYkd zpfwwfaom yuwd
oabmonf rdrcd E¨mwdüYk terw*¾oo
H &mrSm tjryJ g½Sí
d aeonf
udkvnf; jrif&vdrfhrnf/
tyg,f 4-bkHwGif rD;i&JwdkYüvnf;aumif;ç rD;usD;rdk;½Gmí
aeaom i&JwükdY vnf;aumif;ç aMu;yl&nf oHy&l nfjynfah om jrpfwüYkd
vnf;aumif;ç "m;rd;k vSrH ;kd ½Gmíaeaom vufyaH wmi&J todywåi&J
wdkYüvnf;aumif;ç 32-yg; aomuHMur®mwdkYudk jyK&mXmewdkYüvnf;
aumif; usa&mufí oGm;aomtcgü usa&mufonfch PrSpí tESpf

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

301

wpfodef; tESpfwpfoef;ponf wnfaeorQ umvtwGif;ü
toufwpf½LS rQ acsmarmpGm ½SLcGirhf &bJ tvdu
I t
f vSJ qif;&Jyifyef;
aom 'kut
© zdo
Yk Ykd a&mufaomtcgwdüYk þig\cE¨mwdo
Yk nf tb,f
odjYk zpfí aeMuvdrrhf nfenf;[k MuzH efí Munfch o
Jh nf½adS omf rd;k BuKd ;
avmifrD;usaom 'ku©wdkYxuf tqtodef; toef;ru yifyef;vS
aom 'ku©wkH;BuD; 'ku©cJBuD;awGjzpfí aeMuonfudk jrif&vdrfhrnf/
þum; terw*¾oHo&mü cE¨mwdkY\twGif;rSm tpOftNrJ
yg½Sdí aeaom yuwdOy'fBuD;wdkYaywnf;/
cE¨mwdkYum; Oy'ftdk;BuD; 'ku©trsdK;t½dk;BuD;wdkYaywnf;?
þrSaemufü taemwwftdkif\ Oyrmudk qufav/
þb0rSa½SUodYk þuho
J aYkd om Oy'ft;kd Bu;D 'kut
© rsKd ;t½d;k Bu;D
wdkYudk rdrdudk,fjyKí twGif;t*Fg tyt*FgjyKí twåom&jyKí
oHo&mü usiv
f nfí oGm;chaJ omf tb,frQavmuf qif;&JwiG ;f Bu;D
euf&monf[k ½IarQmfav/
Oy'´0t"dyÜg,f/ / xdkYaMumifh--]]Oy'´0g=vGefpGmuyf&yf ESdyfpufwwfaom Oy'frsdK;wdkYom
wnf;}} [kqdkayonf/
þbm0em t&mrnfonf trsKd;t½kd;udk vdkuf&aom t&m
jzpfí jyKjyifrt
I wGuEf iS hf okcorÜwt
åd zdüYk wnfqjJ zpfaom odMum;
rif;\ cE¨m 5-yg;onfvnf; trsKd;t½kd;tm;jzifh Oy'´a0grsKd;om
trSefjzpfonf[krSwf/
xdkYaMumifh odMum;rif;\ cE¨m 5-yg;wkdYonfvnf; jyKjyifrI
[laom a&S;uH\ tmEkabmf ukeq
f ;kH cJv
h Qif 0dywdo
å Ykd jyefa&muf&jyef

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

302

ownf;? t&mwdkif;ü þyuwdoabmudk y"mejyKav/
( Oy'´0 NyD;\/ )
---- Ä ---5-Oyo*¾ u d k jyqd k c ef ;
Oyo*¾ / / Oy*EÉm oZÆwDwd Oyoa*¾g/
Oy*EÉm=uyfa&mufí? oZÆwd=NidwG,fuyfpJGí aewwf\?
£wd=xdkYaMumifh? Oyoa*¾g=Oyo*¾ rnf\/
cE¨ m 5-jzmonf El e mrsd K ;;-- udk,fcE¨mü uyfa&mufNyD;
aemuf uif;aysmufapjcif;iSg r&Ekdifaom ElemrsdK; xGwfjrif;emrsdK;
yef;emrsdK; acsmif;qkd;emrsdK; avemrsdK; &ifemrsdK; 0uf½l;emrsdK;
onf;acs½l;emrsdK; OD;,Of;acgif;cJemrsdK; tp½SdonfwkdYwnf;/
emru©E¨mwkdYürlum;--- avmbç a'goç arm[ç rmeç 'd|dç
£omç rpä&d, tp½Sdukefaom temrsdK; a&m*grsdK; Oy'frsdK;wkdYonf
terw*¾oHo&mü ,aeYxufwkdif uyfpGJvsuf ½SdaeMuukef\?
r*fokdYa&mufrS aysmufuif;Muawmhonf/
þcE¨m 5-yg;wkdYonf taMumif;wkdufqkdifvmonf½Sdaomf
y#doaE¨rSpí wpfb0vkH;wGif b,ftcgürqkd ElemBuD;awGjzpfí
wpfoufvkH; oGm;Ekdif\? t<uif;ukd Oy'´0twkdif; qkdav/
xkdaMumifh--]]Oyo*¾g=wG,fwmpGJuyf ESdyfpufwwfaom Oy'frsdK;wkdYom
wnf;}}
[k qkdayonf/
( Oyo*¾ NyD;\/ )

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

303

6-9/ ov’ ç a&m*ç tmA"ç *@wk d Y u k d j yqk d c ef ;
cE¨m 5-yg;onf jrm;ajimihf ]]ov’}}/ / ovwd 0dZÑwDwd
ov’/H
ovwd 0dZÑwd=pl;jrKyfíoGm;wwf\? £wd=xkdaMumifh?
ov’H=ov’ rnf\/
y,f½Sm;ukpm;jcif;iSg vG,fvSpGmaom tay:&HjyifywGif
tm*EÅKu taeESifh uyfa&mufonfr[kwf? y,fEkwfjcif;iSg rwwf
aumif;atmif pl;0ifepfjrKyfwwfonf [lvkd/
jyqkdcJhNyD;aom Oy'´0ç Oyo*¾wkdYukdyif ,l/
1/
2/
3/
4/
5/
6/
7/
8/
9/
10/

ta&twGif;ü jzpfaom Oy'f?
tyrSjzpfí ta&twGi;f wkid af tmif pl;0ifaom Oy'f?
ukd;&maom tom;wkdY\ twGif;üjzpfyGm;aom Oy'f?
tyrSjzpfí tom;wkYdukd aygufa&mufíoGm;aom
Oy'f?
taMumwGif; t½kd;wGif;wkdYü jzpfaom Oy'f?
tyrSjzpfí taMumwGi;f t½k;d wGi;f wko
Yd Ydk aygufa&muf
aom Oy'f?
OD;aESmufwGif;ü jzpfaom Oy'f?
tqkyfwGif;ü jzpfaom Oy'f?
tonf;wGif; ESvkH;wGif;ü jzpfaom Oy'f?
tyrSjzpfí OD;aESmufwGif; tqkyfwGif; tonf;wGif;
ESvkH;wGif;wkdYokdY aygufa&mufaom Oy'fukdwkdY ,lav/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

304

tyrSjrm;rSefonf jrm;pl;onf aoewfrSefonf pdefrSefonf
Ake;f rSeo
f nf "m;pl;onf vSpH ;l onf ql;pl;onf ajimifph ;l onf [l&m
wkdYü--tZÑwåcE¨mwkdY tajctae rysufcJhvQif 0Zd&pdef vufeuf
yifjzpfaomfvnf; Oy'frjyKEkdif/
jrm;ajimifph onfwu
Ydk dk cPcsi;f Ekwyf ,fí ypfojzifh jrm;ajimifh
r½Sdaomfvnf; emrIç usifrIç azgufjyefrI[laom tZÑwå cE¨mwkdY\
trIonfum; wpf&ufESifhrNidrf; wpfvESifhrNidrf; wpfESpfESifh rNidrf;
jyif;xefpGm cHíaeMu&\/
xkdaMumifh jrm;rSefrIç jrm;pl;rI ponfwkdYrSmvnf; tZÑwåcE¨m
5-yg; wkdYukdom jrm;[lí qkdxkdufownf;/
emru©Em¨ wküYd &m*ov’çH a'goov’çH arm[ov’çH 'd|o
d v’çH
tp ½Sdonfjzifhvm\? terw*¾oHo&mESifhtrQ xm0&pl;0ifíae
aom &m*jrm; &m*ajimifhç a'gojrm; a'goajimifhç arm[ajimifhç
'd|ad jimifçh 0dpu
d pd mä ajimifçh ponfwu
Ydk u
dk m; oAÁnKwbk&m;wkrYd aS omf
vnf; Ekwfy,fjcif;iSg rwwfaumif;ukefonfjzpfí ,ck ikwfwkwf
pl;0ifvsufyif ½SdMuukefownf;/
jyKcJhbl;aom ygPmwdygw tp½Sdaom uHa[mif;wkdYonf
vnf; wpfa,mufwpfa,mufaom owå0gwk\
Yd oEÅmefü t0Dpo
d Ydk
cs&ef toacsF teEÅç oHCmw (i&J )okdYcs&ef toacsF teEÅponfyg½Sdí aeMuukef\? tewåbm0emtvkyf rxajrmuforQ
umvywfv;Hk b,fvedk nf;vrf;ESirhf Q EIwyf ,fjcif;iSg rwwfaumif;
uke/f

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

305

xkdaMumifh-]]ov’m=pl;0ifnpfqkd; 'ku©rsdK;omwnf;}} [k qkday\/
a&m*grsdK;ç tmAm"rsdK;ç *@rsdK;jzpfaMumif;ukd a½S;ü
jyqkcd NhJ y/D
( ov’ç a&m*ç tmAm" *@ NyD;\/ )
--------- Ä ---------

10-tC ukd jyqkdcef;
cE¨ m 5-yg;onf
tusdK;rJhjcif;-- rav[d bkaom [anawwd tCH/
rav[d=tnpftaMu;wko
Yd nf? bkaom=vGepf mG ? [naw=ESu
d pf uf
zsufqD;tyf\? £wd=xkdaMumifh? tCH=tCrnf\? tm.ukd
t.&ójyK/
tC t"dyÜg,f-- avmuü tokH;rusaom tESpfom&r½Sd
tnpftaMu; ab;&eftpkrQomjzpfí uJh&JUtyf pGefYypftyfaom
ouf½SdoufrJh 0w¬KrsdK;ukd tC [lí qkdtyf\/
tvCm; [l a om a0g[m&
a0g[m&-- þvlum; tvCm;
vlwnf;ç þ0w¬K um; tvCm; 0w¬Kwnf;[k qkMd u&mü þ]]tC}}
o'´g&if;yifwnf;/
þt&mü ZmwdtrsKd ;t½k;d tm;jzifh 'kur© sKd ; b,rsKd ; þwdrsKd ;
Oy'´0rsdK; Oyo*¾rsdK; ov’rsdK; a&m*rsdK; tmA"rsdK; *@rsdK;
tppfjzpfuek af om cE¨m 5-yg;wnf;[laom 0dywå"d r®rsKd ;wku
Yd dk ]]tC}}
[lí qkdownf;/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

306

jyKjyif r I \ rNrJ y H k
1/

xrif;ajcmufwkdYrnfonf yuwdZmwdtm;jzifh rwifh
w,faom 0w¬KrsdK;jzpfygukefvsuf jyKjyifrI\ tpGrf;
aMumifh ½GJvkH;BuD; i,fjzpfí ywåjrm;vkH;o@mefç
ae0ef;o@mefç v0ef;o@mefç Mu,feu©wf Bu;D i,f
o@mefuJhokdYjzpfí txGwftjrwfjzpfaom usuf
oa& r*FvmXmewkdYü tokH;jyKMuukef\/
2/ Zmwdtm;jzifh trIdufrD;ZmrsdK;jzpfukefaom opfcGH
opfacgufwkdYukd jyKjyifí puúLeDç puúL0gç puúLpdrf;
ponfjzpfí twift
h w,f t&mü tok;H jyKMuuke\
f /
3/ yuwdZmwdtm;jzifh trIduf rD;ZmrsdK;jzpf vJ0grsdK;ç
avQmfrsdK;wkdYukd jyKjyifí ykqkd;aumif;ç t0wfaumif;ç
tcif;aumif;ç tNcHKaumif;ç zJuwåDygç aumfaZmç
urÁvm ponfjyKí twifh tw,ft&mü toH;k jyKMu
uke\
f /
4/ yuwdZmwdtm;jzifh trdIufrD;pmrsdK;jzpfaom 0g;ç
opfom;wdkYudk jyKjyifí rsm;pGmaomvlwdkY toHk;
taqmifrsdK;ç ausmif;ç tdrfç p&yfç jymom'fç bHkeef;
ponf jyKvkyfMuukef\/
jyKjyifrIonf tm*EÅKrQomjzpfí tNrJwnfjcif;r&Sdojzifh
xdt
k vH;k pHw
k o
Ykd nf tqH;k ü trdu
I rf ;D pmtjzpfoYdk jyefíusNrJ a&mufNrJ
"r®wmjzpfMu&uke\
f /

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

307

xdrk w
S pfyg;yuwdtm;jzifh ajrZmwdrsdK;jzpfMuukefaom jrufyifEG,fyif
csKHyif opfyif 0g;yif tvHk;pHkwdkYonf ajrç a&ç Owk jyKjyifrIaMumifh
Moumoavmuudk wef;qmqifMuukefbdouJhodkY jzpfyGg;Muukef
aomfvnf; tqH;k ü yuwdZmwdoYdk jyefNrjJ yefí ajrBu;D \tpD;tyGg;ü
twnfusMuuke\
f /
owå0gwdkY\ cE¨mudk,fwdkYonfvnf; yuwdZmwdtm;jzifh
tykyrf sKd ;ç ½GzH ,
G rf sKd ;ç pufqyk zf ,
G rf sKd ;ç ajrZmwdrsKd ; tppfjzpfMuukeí
f
jyKjyifrI vGwu
f if; vQif ½GzH ,
G pf ufqyk zf ,
G f Zmwd cPcsi;f jzpfay:\?
tqH;k ü½GzH ,
G f pufqyk zf ,
G f ajrBu;D tpOftwdik ;f jyefítqH;k owfMu
uke\
f /
avwHcGef rD;tdrfysHwdkYonf jyKjyifrItwGuf aumif;uifokdY
ysHwufMu ukefaomfvnf; atmufodkYusí tqHk;wdkifNrJ jzpfMuukef
ouJhodkY ewfjynfajcmufxyfü ewfodMum;wdkY\ cE¨mtpOfç jA[®m
wdkY\ cE¨mtpOfwdkYonfvnf; atmufodkYusNrJ "r®wmom jzpfMu
uke\
f /
avmu"mwfwpfckvHk;ü jyKvkyfrI rsufvSnfh tm*EÅKESifh
e*dkZmwd yuwdt½dk;rIwdkYudk jcm;em;í jrifwwfMuapukef/
emrfw&m;wdüYk vnf; udavom'kp½ö u
kd t
f rdu
k rf I trJrI trSm;rI
tarSmufrI t,kwrf I tnHrhH I tzsi;f rI todrrf w
I u
Ykd m; emru©Em¨ wd\
Yk
yuwdZmwdrIwdkYwnf;? jyKjyifrI vufvGwfcJhvQif yuwdZmwdokdY
cPcsif; jyefNrJwnf;/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

308

cyfodrf;aom ½kyfw&m;ç emrfw&m;wdkYonf jyKjyifrIr&SdyJ
aygufvTwf xm;cJhvQif aumif;jrwfaomzufodkY tvdktavQmuf
wd;k wufíoGm;onf[k wpfpw
kH pfcrk Qr&S?d raumif;,kwrf mzufoo
Ydk m
ydkif;ydkif;vJí oGm;NrJ"r®wm jzpfownf;? terw*¾oHo&mwpf
avQmufvHk; ajrmfav/
xdkYaMumifh]]tCm=tudsK;,kwf tusdK;rJhrsdK;omwnf;}} [kqdkay
onf/
( tC NyD;\/ )
--------- Ä --------11-twmP tjypf u d k j yqd k c ef ;
wmP/ / wm,wd &u©wDwd wmPH/
wm,wd &u©wd=apmifha&Smufwwf\? £wd=xdkYaMumifh?
wmPH= wmPrnf\/
ightm; wpfpHkwpfckaom tEÅ&m,fjzpfvmvQif Edkifatmif
wm;jrpfvdrfhrnf[k pdwfcs&aom tapmifhta&SmufBuD;rsdK;udk
]]wmP}} qdkonf/
xdkuJhodkY pdwfcs&aom w&m;udkomvQif rdrdwdkYudk,fcE¨mjyKí
udk,fcE¨m\ twGif;t*Fg tyt*FfgjyKí þoHo&mBuD;ü usifvnf
jcif;iSmoif\
h /

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

309

rapmif h a &S m uf w wf a om
cE¨ m ig;yg;
þcE¨m 5-yg;wdkYonfum; xdkuJhodkY apmifha&Smufwwfaom
w&m;rsKd ; r[kwu
f ek ?f pifppfru
l m; r[morkj'm tv,fü iSuaf ysm
azmifBuD;uJhokdY oHo&mü qdkufvmorQaom ab;wdkYudk tukefvHk;
zGifhvSpfí ay;ukef\? qkdufvmorQaom ab;wkdY\ toif;tyif;
twGif;rD;usD;awGomjzpfukef\/
terw*¾oHo&mü owå0g taygif;wkdYonf tyg,fab;ukd
aMumuf MuvSukefonfjzpfí 'geç oDvç bm0emrIwkdYjzifh vlYb0
vlYcE¨mç ewfb0 ewfcE¨mç jA[®mhb0 jA[®mhcE¨mç topftopf
wnfaxmifí ukd,fjyKMuukef\? ukd,fcE¨m jyKMuukef\/
twGif;rD;-- xku
d ,
dk cf E¨mwküYd twGit
f *FgtjzpfEiS hf terw*¾
oHo&mwGif tpOfyg½Sdíaeukefaom avmbcE¨mç a'gocE¨mç
arm[cE¨mç rmecE¨mç 'd|dcE¨mç 'kp½kdufcE¨mwkdYonfum; vlYjynfç
ewfjynfç jA[®mhjynfwkdYü ½SdorQaomvl ewf jA[®mowå0g wkdYukd
wpfa,mufrusef tyg,fokdYcsnf; ,laqmifrnf[k ½SdaeMuukef
aom twGif;rD;wkdYwnf;/
xkdtwGif;rD;wkdYonf tedpöw&m;ESifh wpfcsufwnf; wGJzuf
Muukeí
f vlewfjA[®mowå0gwdu
Yk kd tyg,focYkd sn;f twGicf suek \
f ?
vlewf jA[®m owå0gwko
Yd nfum; raorSu
D mvü xdt
k wGi;f rD;wku
Yd dk
yifvQif tm½kH 6-yg; wnf;[laom tpma&pmESifh aumif;rGefpGm
arG;jrLMu&ukef\? aovQif tyg,fokdYom ygMu&avukef\ terw*¾oHo&m wpfavQmufvkH; ajrmfMuav/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

310

xkdaMumifh--]]£ar yOöu©E¨m=þcE¨m 5-yg;wkdYonf? twmPm=
apmifha½Smuf rJhvQif; ab;\toif;wkdYomwnf;}} [k qkdayonf;/
apmif h a ½S m uf w wf a om
ed A Á m ef
ed A Á m ef w &m;onf o mvQif wmPtppf trS e f jzpf \ /
xkdaMumifh jrwfpGmbk&m; onf--wmPmOö bdu©a0 a'odómrd wmPm*grded y#dy'Oö/
uwrOö bdu©a0 wmPH? &m*u©a,m a'gou©a,m
arm[u©a,m? £'H 0kpöwd bdu©a0 wmPH/
uwrm p bdu©a0 wmP*grded y#dy'g ? t,ar0
t&da,m
t|*Øaum ra*¾g? ao,sxd'H? or®m'd|d or®mouFayÜg
or®m0gpm
or®mur®aEÅm or®mtmZDa0g or®m0g,arm or®mowd
or®m-orm"d? t,H 0kpöwd bdu©a0 wmPm*grdedy#dy'g/
[lí a[mawmfrl\/
bdu©a0=&[ef;wkdY? wmPmOö=ab;&eftrsm; apmifha½Smuf
xm;onfh edAÁmefw&m;ukdvnf;aumif;? wmPm*grded y#dy'Oö=
edAÁmefokdYa&mufaMumif;jzpfaom w&m;ukdvnf;aumif;? t[H=
igbk&m;onf? a'odómrd=a[mMum; aytHh/
bdua© 0=&[ef;wk?Yd uwrOö=tb,fw&m;onfvQi?f wmPH=
ab;&eftrsm; apmifha½Smufxm;onfh edAÁmefw&m;rnfoenf;/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

311

&m*u©a,m=avmbtrSL;½Sdaom udavomwkdY\ukefjcif;
onfvnf;aumif;? a'gou©a,m=a'gotrSL;½Sdaom udavom
wk\
Yd ukejf cif;onfvnf;aumif;? arm[u©a,m=arm[trSL;½Sad om
udavomwkdY\ ukefjcif;onfvnf;aumif;wnf;/
bdua© 0=&[ef;wk?Yd £'H=þ&m*u©, ponfu?dk wmPH=ab;
&eftrsm; apmifah ½Smufxm;onfh edAmÁ efw&m;[lí? 0kpw
ö =d qkt
d yf\/
bdu©a0=&[ef;wkdY? uwrm p=tb,fw&m;onfvQif?
wmP*grded y#dy'g=edAÁmefokdY a&mufaMumif;jzpfaomw&m; rnf
oenf;?
t&da,m=jrwfaom? t|*Øaum=t*Fg½Spfyg;ESifhjynfhpHkaom?
t,ar0 ra*¾g=þr*fyif wnf;/
£'H=þr*fonf? ao,sxm=tb,fenf;rl[l? or®m'd|d=
or®m'd|o
d nfvnf;aumif;? or®mouFayÜg=or®mouFyo
Ü nfvnf;
aumif;? or®m0gpm=or®m0gpmonfvnf;aumif;? or®mur®aEÅm=
or®mur®EÅonfvnf;aumif;? or®mtmZDa0g=or®mtmZD0onf
vnf ; aumif ; ? or® m 0g,arm=or® m 0g,ronf v nf ; aumif ; ?
or®mowd=or®mowdonfvnf;aumif;? or®morm"d=or®morm"d
onfvnf;aumif;wnf;/
bdu©a0=&[ef;wkdY? t,H=þr*¾if½Spfyg;ukd? wmP*grded
y#dy'g=edAÁmefa&mufaMumif; w&m;[lí? 0kpöwd=qkdtyf\/
bkHpOfpH t&d,mwdkY\ wmP-- bkHpOfpH t&d,mwdkYüum;'d|çd 0dpu
d pd mä wd\
Yk aemif<uif;r&Sd ukeNf ird ;f rIç 'kp½ö u
dk af [mif; 'kp½ö u
dk f
opfw\
Ykd aemif<uif;r&Sd ukeNf ird ;f rI[al om oOyg'daoo yXredAmÁ ef

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

312

onf wmPrnf\/
ukeNf ird ;f jcif;odaYk &mufaom cPrSpí b0rsm;pGm urÇmrsm;pGm
oHo&mü vl ewf jA[®m csr;f omoH;k yg;udk tpOfcpH m; pHpm;í oGm;Mu
avukef&m xdkNidrf;rIonf xdkolwdkYudk tyg,fab;rS tNrJapmifh
a&Smufum tpOfygavawmhonf? xdkNidrf;rI ukefqHk;onf[lí
terw*¾oHo&mESifh trQ r&SdNyD/
xdkol\ oEÅmefü 'd|day:vmjyefonfç 'kpö½kdufay:vmjyef
onfç tyg,fab;udk aMumuf&jyefonf[k r&SdNyD qdkvdkonf/
( twmP NyD;\/ )
------ Ä -----12- tavP udk jyqdkcef;
avP/ / vD,EÅd {wåmwd avPH/
{w¬=þt&yfü? vD,EÅd=cdkvIHykef;atmif;Muukef\? £wd=
xdkYaMumifh? avPH=rnf\/
ab;tEÅ&m,fwdkYudk umuG,fqD;wm;&mXmeç ab;tEÅ&m,f
wdkYrS vHkjcHK&mXme qdkvdkonf/
rvkHNcHKaom cE¨m 5-yg;
5-yg;-- cE¨m 5-yg;wko
Yd nf- tyg,fab;
oHo&mab;wkdYrS vkHjcHKXme r[kwfukef? pifppfrlum; cyfodrf;aom
tyg,fab; oHo&mab;[lorQwo
Ydk nf cE¨m 5-yg;wk\
Yd twwfom
wnf;/
owå0gwko
Yd nfum; tyg,fab;Mu;D wkrYd S vGwjf cif;iSg vlUb0
udk tm;udk;Muukef\? ewfb0 jA[®mhb0udk tm;udk;Muukef\? 'ge

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

313

oDv bm0emudkjyKí vlYcE¨m ewfcE¨m jA[®mhcE¨mwdkYudk topf
topfwnfaxmifí rdrdçrdrdwdkY twåjyKvkyf cdkvIHMuukef\/
awmc&D;ü c&D;oGm;a,musfm;oHk;a,mufwdkYonf awm
qif½ikd ;f ESihf awGUqHrk Md uí qifab;rSaMumufMuojzifh vHNk cKH jcif;iSm
teD;ü&Sdaom ausmuf*lBuD;oHk;ckodkY 0ifajy;Muav&m usm;awGae
aomausmuf*w
l iG ;f odYk 0ifrv
d sujf im;Muojzifh usm;wd\
Yk tpmjzpfMu
avukefouJhodYkwnf;? oHo&mBuD;wpfavQmufvHk; aygufatmif
ajrmfMuav/
xdkYaMumifh ]]tavP}} [kqdkayonf/
edAÁmefonfomvQif cdkvIHykef;atmif;&mXme trSefjzpf\/
xdkYaMumifh jrwfpGmbk&m;onf]]avPOö bdu©a0 a'odómrd avP*grded y#dy'Oö}}
tp&Sd onfjzifh a[mawmfrlayonf? tvHk;pHkonf twmPyk'fESifh
wlNy/D
( tavP NyD;\/ )
-------- Ä -------13-to&Pud k jyqd k c ef ;
o&P
o&P/ / t[daw "ar® o&wd [ðowDwd o&PH/
t[daw=tusdK;rJYjzpfukefaom? "ar®=w&m;wdkYudk? o&wd
[ðowd=wGe;f vSeyf ,f½mS ;wwf\? £wd=xdaYk Mumif?h o&PH=o&P
rnf\/ udk;uG,f &mBuD; [lvdkonf/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

314

ud k ; uG , f & mr[k w f a om cE¨ m 5-yg;/
/ cE¨m 5-yg;wdYk
onf xdkuJhodkY udk;uG,f&m r[kwfukef/ xdkYaMumifh]]£ar yÍ©öu©E¨m=þcE¨m 5-yg;wdkYonf? to&Pm=udk;&mrJY
vsif; ab;\toif;wdkYomwnf;}} [kqdkayonf/
( to&P NyD;\/ )
14-tm'D e 0ud k jyqd k c ef ;
tm'D e 0/ / bkaom 'DeH 0[wDwd tm'Dea0g/
bkaom=vGefpGm? 'DeH=yifyef;jcif;udk? 0[wd=&Gufaqmif
wwf\? £wd=xdkYaMumifh? tm'Dea0g=tm'De0 rnf\/
ÓPfynm½Sad om olwt
Ykd m; odxu
kd f jrifxu
kd af om tjypf
cyfodrf;udk tm'De0qdkownf;/
cE¨ m 5-yg;onf
tjypfjzpfjcif;-- cE©m 5-yg;wdkYü cPrpJ jzpfrIysufrIrSpí
r[m t0dpid &Jab;Bu;D odYk qdu
k o
f nfwikd af tmif tqifh qifv
h nfí
oGm;ukeaf om a½S;üjyqdck NhJ y;D aom 'kup© ufBu;D wdo
Yk nf tjypfa'go
tm'De0yifwnf;/
wpfenf;um;- tusO;f tm;jzifY 11-yg;aom rD;wd\
Yk jzpfymG ;rI
onf cE¨mwdkY\ tm'De0yifwnf;/
rD; 11-yg;-- &m*rD; a'gorD; arm[rD; ZmwdrD; Z&mrD;
r&PrD; aomurD; y&da'0rD; 'ku©rD; a'greórD; Oyg,morD;?
þum; rD; 11-yg; wnf;/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

315

tus,t
f m;jzifrh u
l m;---xdk 11-yg;aom rD;wdrYk S toD;toD;
yGg; rsm;aom tjypfwo
Ykd nf avmuü ra&rwGuEf ikd af tmif rsm;jym;
uke\
f /
&m*rD;\ tjypfteEÅ ponf-- tyg,f 4-bkH todkuf
ttkH BuD;us,fykHudkvnf;aumif;ç ok*wdü cE¨m0efBuD;us,fykH
udavom0ef Bu;D us,yf Hk oHo&m0ef Bu;D us,yf w
Hk u
Ykd v
kd nf;aumif;
ajrmfjrifrdMuukefonf½Sdaomf wPSm[laom &m*rD;\ tjypfwdkY
onfyifvQif toacFs,s teEÅrsm;jym;ukef\/
xdkYtwl-a'gorD;\ tjypfwdkYonfvnf; toacFs,s teEÅ
rsm;jym;ukef\? t0dZÆm[kqdktyfaom oHo&m0#fjrpfBuD;\ tjypf
wdkYum; qdkzG,fr½SdNyD? Zmwd Z&m r&PwdkY\ tjypfwdkYonfvnf;
toD;toD; toacsF,s teEÅ rsm;jym;ukef\? aomuponfwdkY\
tjypfwo
Ykd nfvnf; tvGerf sm;jym;uke\
f ? xdt
k jypf tvk;H pkw
H o
Ykd nf
cE¨m 5-yg;wdkYrS jzpfukef\/
xdkYaMumifh--]]£ar yOöu©E¨m=þ cE¨m 5-yg;wdkYonf? tm'De0g=qdk;0g;
npfusK tjypfpkwdkYomwnf;}} [k qdkayonf/
(tm'De0 NyD;\)
--------- Ä ---------

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

316

15-tCrl v tjypf u d k j yqd k c ef ;
qif ; &J j cif ; \ rl v jzpf a om
cE¨ m 5-yg;
tusKd ;,kwf tusKd ;rhJ cyford ;f wdu
Yk kd ]]tC}}[lí qdt
k yf uke\
f ?
xdktusdK;,kwf tusdK;rhJ cyfodrf;wdkYonf cE¨m 5-yg;vQif wnf&m
½SdMuukef\? cE¨m 5-yg;wdkYrScsnf; jzpf&ukef\/
xdkYaMumifh--]]£ar yOöuE© m¨ =þcE¨m 5-yg;wdo
Yk nf? tCrlvm=usKd ;rhcJ yif;
qif;&Jjcif;\ t&if;tjrpfwdkYomwnf;}} [kqdkayonf/
(tCrlv NyD;\)
------ Ä -----16-0"u tjypf u d k j yqd k c ef ;
ol o wf o rm; cE¨ m ig;yg;
ig;yg;/ /0"EÅDwd 0"um/
0"EÅd=owå0gwdkYudk tpOfxm0& owfwwfaom olowf
orm; jzpfMuukef\? £wd=xdkYaMumifh? 0"um=0"u rnfukef\/
cPd u r&P-- terw*¾ o H o &mü wpf a ,muf w pf
a,mufaom owå0g\ cE¨mtpOfü cufrmrI tp½Sdukefaom ½kyf
w&m;wdkY\ cPrpJ csKyfysufrIç emrfw&m;wdkY\ cPrpJ csKyfysufrI
onf tpOfxm0&yg½Sí
d ae\/ xdck sKyyf surf o
I nf ½ky\
f r&Pç emrf\
r&Paywnf;? ½kyf"mwfwdkY\ aoqkH;jcif;ç emrf"mwfwdkY\ aoqkH;
jcif;aywnf;? ao rif;[lonf xd½k yk af orIç emrfaorIukd qdo
k wnf;?
cPdur&P qdkvdkonf/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

317

cyford ;f aom b0wdüYk y#doaE¨ aeonfrpS í xd½k yk \
f r&Pç
emrf\ r&P[laom ½kyfaorIç emrfaorIBuD;onf wpfcPrQ
jywfpo
J nf[í
l r½SNd y?D twGi;f ty wpfu,
kd v
f ;Hk tkyNf cKH vsuf yg½S\
d ?
wpfudk,fvkH;onf r&PwkH;BuD; r&PcJBuD;yif jzpf\/
oEÅwdr&P-- tedpövu©PmwGif ajcwpfvSrf; ajcwpf
vSrf;ponfjzifh ydkif;jcm;íjychJaom tedpörIonfum; oEÅwdr&P
rnf\? xdkoEÅwd r&P[lorQonf cPrpJ csKyfysufrI[k qdktyf
aom todef;toef;ru rsm;pGmaom cPdur&P tcsufwdkYwGif
tvGefxif½Sm;vSaom r&Ptcsufudk ½SmBuHí½Iaom r&Ppkay
wnf;/
omrnavmuom;wd k Y o d a om
or® K wd r &P
b0tqHk;tqHk;ü vltrsm;wdkY odjrifMu&aom or®Kwd
r&PBuD;onfum; xdkb0wGif tqkH;owfMuaom cPdur&P
aywnf;/
þodkYvQif y#doaE¨aeonfrSpí rsufawmifwpfcwfrQ
rjywfrpJ tjrJ aoqkH;í vmchJaom aorIwdkYwGif tqkH;pGefaom
aorIwpfcsufudkom avmuü odMuukef\/
wpfb0vkH;ü rsufawmifwpfcwfrQ rjywfrpJaom aorI
wdkYudkum; yk*¾dKvfç owå0gç twåç ZD0[laom edpöedrdwf arSmift&dyf
wdkYonf zkH;vTrf;í xm;tyfukef\/
xdak orIww
Ykd iG f ½kyw
f \
Ykd aorIonf ½lyu©Em¨ wpfyg;yifwnf;?
emrfwdkY\aorIonf emru©E¨mwpfyg;yifwnf;? ocFg&u©E¨mwpfyg;

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

318

qdv
k o
kd nf/
xdkYaMumihf tbd"r®m "mwkuxmygVdawmfü --]]Z&mr&PH 'GD[d caE¨[d o*F[dwH}}
[lía[mawmfrlay\/
þum; aoqkH;rI[laom r&P"mwfBuD;onf ½lyu©E¨m
wpfyg;ç emru©E¨mwpfyg;\ tjzpfjzifh cE¨m 5-yg;wGif tNrJyg0ifí
aeykHwnf;/
r&P tNrJ ½ S d a ejcif ; -- cufrmrIonf ½lyu©E¨mwpfyg;ç
zGJUap;rIonf ½lyu©E¨mwpfyg;ç wpfyg;pD toD;toD; jzpfMuouhJodkY
cufrmrI\ cPrpJ ysufqkH;jcif;[laom r&P"mwfBuD;onf
½lyu©Em¨ wpfyg; zGaYJ p;rI\cPrpJ ysuq
f ;Hk jcif;[laom r&PBu;D onf
½lyu©E¨mwpfyg; ponfjzifh qdkav/
emru©Em¨ wdüYk vnf; a0'em\ cPrpJ ysuq
f ;Hk jcif;[laom
r&P"mwfBu;D onf emru©Em¨ wpfyg;ç onm\ cPrpJ ysuq
f ;Hk jcif;
[laom r&P"mwfBuD;onf emru©E¨mwpfyg; ponfjzifh qdkav?
½lyu©Em¨ emru©Em¨ qdv
k Qif þr&P"mwfBu;D vnf; tNryJ gavawmh
onf/
þum; r&Ptppfukd jyqdck ef;wnf;? þrSwyg; r&P[lí
r½SNd y/D

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

319

rd r d w d k Y cE¨ m ud k , f ü ½S d a om
r&P"mwf j zif h o m aoMu&jcif ;
terw*¾oHo&mü aoqkH;MuorQwdkYonf rdrdwdkY\ cE¨mü
y#doaE¨rpS í tpOftNryJ g½Sad eaom r&P"mwfjzifo
h m aoqk;H Mu&
uke\
f ? olwpfyg;wd\
Yk cE¨müyg½Sad om r&P"mwfEiS hf aoqk;H ol[í
l
wpfpHk wpfa,mufrQ r½S?d rdrw
d cYkd E¨mü xdrk &PBu;D ryg r½SMd uygrlum;
rd;k BuKd ;wpf&myif rSeaf omfvnf; arG;nif;wpfyifrQ vIy½f mS ;zG,f r½S/d
xdkYaMumihf cyfodrf;aom owå0gwdkY\ aoqkH;rIrSm rdrdwdkY\
cE¨m 5-yg;wdkYonfomvQif olowfvufonf trSefjzpfukef\/
tyüjzpfukefaom "m;ab;ç vSHab; tp½SdonfwdkYum;
rdrdwdkYcE¨mwGif tpOfyg½Sdíaeaom r&P"mwfBuD;wdkY\ EId;orm;
vIHYaqmform;wdkYom wnf;/
xdkYaMumifh--]]£ar yÍöuE© m¨ =þcE¨m 5-yg;wdo
Yk nf? 0"um=vlewf jA[®m
owå0gudk em&Drvyf twGifowfonfh olowfrsdK;½dk;wdkYomwnf;}}
[kqdkayonf/
ol o wf a umif trsd K ;rsd K ;
wpfenf;um;---yx0Donf yx0Dysufem trsdK;rsdK;wdkYudk
jzpfapí owfwwf\/
tmaygonf tmaygysufem trsdK;rsdK;wdkYudk jzpfapí owf
wwf\/
awaZmonf awaZmysufem trsdK;rsdK;wdkYudk jzpfapíowf
wwf\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

320

0ga,monf 0ga,mysufem trsdK;rsdK;wdkYudk jzpfapíowf
wwf\/
OD;acgif;onf OD;acgif;ysufem trsdK;rsdK;wdkYudk jzpfapíowf
wwf\/
tqkwo
f nf tqkwef m trsKd ;rsKd ;wdu
Yk kd jzpfapíowf wwf\/
tonf;onf tonf;em trsdK;rsdK;wdkYudk jzpfapíowf
wwf\-ponfjzifh qdkav/
rdrd\tqif;aMumifh aoMu&mü rdrdtqif;owfrIwnf;/
toHaMumifh aoMu&mü toHowfrIwnf;/
teHYaMumifh aoMu&mü teHYowfrIwnf;/
tom;\ t&omaMumifh aoMu&aom Muuf 0uf om;
ig;wdkYü t&om owfrIwnf;/
rdrdavmbaMumihf aoMu&mü rdrdavmb owfrIwnf;/
a'goaMumihçf arm[aMumihçf rmeaMumifçh 'd|ad Mumifçh £ómç
rpä&d,aMumifhç a½S;uHaMumihf aoMu&mü rdrda½S;uH owfrIwnf;/
cdk;rIaMumifh aoMu&mü rdrdcdk;rIonf owf\/
wdkufrIaMumifh aoMu&mü rdrdwdkufrIonf owf\/
om;r,m;aMumihf aoMu&mü om;r,m; owfrIwnf;/
OpömaMumifh aoMu&mü OpömowfrIwnf;/
b0qkH;í aoMu&mwdkYüum; rdrdwdkY cE¨mowfrIonf t½dk;
tpOftm;jzifh xif½Sm;\/
xdkYaMumifh---

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

321

]]£ar yÍöuE© m¨ =þ cE¨m 5-yg;wdo
Yk nf? 0"um=vlewfjA[®m
owå0gudk em&Drvyf twGifowfonfh olowfrsdK;½dk;wdkYomwnf;}}
[lí qdkayownf;/
tpG,fudkvdkaomolESifhawGUchJvQif qifonf tpG,faMumifh
ao&\? tpG,fowf\/
Muuf 0uf om; ig; tp½SdonfwdkYonf tom;aMumifh tNrJ
ao&ukef\? xdkowå0gwdkY\ tom;onf xdkowå0gwdkYudk tNrJ
owf\? tom;onf xdo
k wå0gwd\
Yk olowfa,mufsm; tNrjJ zpf\/
xdkYtwl tarG;aMumifh tNrJao&aom owå0grsdK;ç ta&
aMumifh tNrJao&aom owå0grsdK;ç taoG;aMumifh tNrJao&aom
owå0grsdK;ç tom;aMumihf tNrJao&aom owå0grsdK;ç tonf;
tqkwf ESvkH; onf;yGwfaMumifh tNrJao&aom owå0grsdK;ç t½dk;
aMumifh tNrJao&aom owå0grsdK;wdkYüvnf; tarG;tp½Sdonf
wdkYomvQif olowfa,mufsm; tNrJjzpfukef\/
xdkYtwl cdk;rI wdkufrIaMumifh aoMu&mwdkYü cdk;rI[laom cE¨m
ig;yg;wdkYonf cdk;oludk owfukef\/
wdu
k rf [
I al om cE¨m 5-yg;wdo
Yk nf wdu
k o
f w
l u
Ykd kd owfuek \
f /
vlowfrIESifh aoMu&mü vlowfrI[laom cE¨m 5-yg;onf
vlowfa,musfm;udk owf\? vlonf awmqif½dkif;ESifhawGY&mü
vl\tqif;onf awmqif½dkif;\ rsufpdütvif;jy\? ajy;aomf
vnf; rvGwf&mNyD ao&\? tqif;owf\/
wpfOD;vQifwpfOD; ½SmBuHvdkufvH acsmif;ajrmif;ypfcwfzrf;,l
udu
k f owfí aoqH;k Mu&mwdüYk aoolw\
Ykd tqif;oP²mefwo
Ykd nf

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

322

omvQif olowfa,musfm; tppfwdkYaywnf;/
xdt
Yk wl avmbaMumifY aoMuolç a'goaMumifh aoMuolç
arm[aMumifh aoMuolç rmeaMumifY aoMuolç 'd|ad Mumifh aoMu
olwdkYüvnf; avmbtp½SdonfwdkYonfom olowfa,musfm;
trSejf zpfuek \
f /
toufwrf;rapYrD Oyapä'uuHaMumifh aoMuolwdkYü
Oyapä'u uHa[mif;[k qdt
k yfaom rdrw
d \
Ykd cE¨mwdo
Yk nfomvQif
olowfa,musfm; tppfjzpfukef\/
touftwdkif;aeí aoMu&mwdkYüum; rdrdwdkY\ cE¨m 5yg;wdkY\ owfrIoufoufjzpfonfum; xif½Sm;\/
yuwd tvdktm;jzifh yk*¾dKvfowå0gwdkYrnfonf aojcif;udk
tvGef aMumufMuuke\
f ? aMumufMuukev
f suyf ifvQif cE¨maovQif
aoMu&ukef awmhonf/
y#doaE¨wnfaeonfrSpí yxr em&DtwGif;rSm aocJYMu
aom b0wdkYonfvnf; toacsFteEÅ ½SdcJYvSavukefNyD/
'kwd, em&DtwGif;rSm aocJYMuaom b0wdkYonfvnf;
toacsFteEÅ ½SdcJYMuavukefjyD/
þenf;twl terw*¾oo
H &m wavQmufv;kH aygufatmif
em&DpOf ESifhrSef;í ajrmfMuavukef/
yk*d¾Kvfowå0gwdkY aovdkrS aoMuukefonfjzpftHh? vlUjynfç
ewfjynfç jA[®mhjynfwdkYrSm aool[líyif r&dS&mNyD? pifppfrlum;
þurÇmwGiyf if urÇmwnfaxmifaom aeYrpS í urÇmysuo
f nfwikd f
atmif urÇmay:ü aoolukd ajrmfvu
kd o
f nf&adS omf aEG&moDx;D xD;ü

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

323

tvGeaf jcmufaoGUíaeaom ,lZemwpfaxmifruaom usLawm
udkif;awm jrufawmBuD;udk av[kefESifhwuGaom awmrD;BuD;
avmifí oGm;ouJhokdY xif&\? yk*d¾Kvfowå0gwdkYudk rdrdcE¨mwdkY
owfrIonf tvGefxif&Sm;\/
xdkYaMumifh]]£ar yOöuE© m¨ =þcE¨m 5-yg;wdo
Yk nf? 0"um=vlç ewfç jA[®m
owå0gudk em&Drvyf twGifowfonfh olowfrsKd;½kd;wdkY omwnf;}}
[k qdkayonf/
(0"u NyD;\/)
----- Ä ----17-omo0ud k jyqd k c ef ;
tmo0wdkY\ tpD;tyGg;cE¨m 5-yg;
5-yg;-- bkawm o0EDÅwd
tmo0g? owåmeH 'ku©H bkawm oma0EÅd yoma0EDw
Å d tmo0g/
bkawm=vGefpGm? o0EdÅ=yGg;pD;wwfukef\? £wd=xdkYaMumifh?
tmo0g= tmo0 rnfuek \
f / owåmeH=owå0gwdt
Yk m;? 'ku=H© 'kuu
© ?kd
bkawm=vGefpGm? om0EÅd-yom0EÅd=yGg;pD;apwwfukef\? £wd=
xdaYk Mumif?h tmo0g=tmo0rnfuek \
f / avmbç 'd|çd arm[wdaYk y
wnf;/
tmo0rD ;-- avmuü rD;wdkYonf tvGefvnf; yGg;pD;wwf
ukef\/ rdrdwdkY yGg;pD;wdkif; owå0gwdkYtm; 'ku©udkvnf; vGefpGm
yGg;pD;apwwfukef\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

324

NrdKU &Gmüvnf;aumif;? ajcmufaoGUaom awm awmifü
vnf;aumif;? trIu
d w
f pfcük tenf;i,frQ usa&mufaom rD;ayguf
rD;yGg;wdkYonf aeYcsif; ncsif; xdkNrdKU xdk&Gm xdkawm xdkawmifwdkYudk
tukefESHYjym;atmif yGg;EdkifavmifEdkifukef\? xdkrD;wdkY yGg;wdkif;vnf;
xdNk rKd U&Gm awm awmif&dS owå0gtaygif;wdo
Yk nf 'kuB© u;D pGm jzpfygG ;Mu
&ukef\? xdkNrdKU &Gm awm awmifwdkYü &Sdaeaom rD;pm 0w¬KwdkYonf
um; xdkrD;wdkYudk vGefpGmyGg;pD;atmif csD;jr§ifhajr§mufpm;EdkifMuukef\?
rD;wdo
Yk nf rD;pmuif;í jzpfjcif;iSgyif rwwfEikd Mf uuke?f pD;yGg;rIupd üö
qdzk ,
G rf &S/d
Oyrm Oyar,s ES D ; aES m jycsuf
þOyrmütmo0 w&m;wdkYonf rD;wdkYESifh wlukef\/
oHo&mBu;D onf xdrk ;D avmif&m NrKd Uç&GmçawmçawmifEiS hf wl\/
oEdÅokcrS uif;&Sif;aom cE¨mig;yg;wdkYonf xdkNrdKU &Gm awm
awmif&Sd tdrf,m0if;NcH bkHeef;jymom'f ajcmufaoGUaom opfyif
awmcsKHwdkYESifh wlukef\/
þ vlç ewfç jA[®m owå0gtaygif;wdkYonf xdkrD;avmif&m
NrdKU &Gm awm awmifae owå0gtaygif;wdkYESifh wlukef\/
tmo0w&m;wdo
Yk nf cE¨mig;yg;vQif wnf&mrD&S m ud;k uG,&f m
&dMS uuke\
f ? cE¨mig;yg;wdo
Yk nf tmo0w&m;wdu
Yk kd vGepf mG yGg;pD;atmif
csD ; ajr§ m uf E k d i f u k e f \ ? tyg,f a v;bH k tod k u f t tH k B uD ; ud k
vnf;aumif;ç rsufjrif avmuü qif;&J'ku©a&mufíaeMuaom

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

325

owå0gwdu
Yk v
kd nf;aumif; ajrmfjrif rdMuukeo
f nf&adS omf terw*¾
oHo&mü tmo0w&m;wdkY\ owå0g taygif;wdkYtm; 'ku©w&m;
yGg;pD;aprIonf tb,frQavmuf Bu;D us,o
f nf [k ajrmfjrifEidk Mf u&
uke\
f /
xdkYaMumifh]]£ar yOöu©E¨m=þcE¨mig;yg;wdkYonf? omo0g=tmoa0g
w&m;av;yg;wdkY\ tpD;tyGg;wdkYomwnf;}} [k qdkayonf/
( omo0 NyD;\/ )
----- Ä -----

18-rm&mrdoudkjyqdkcef;
rm&f 4-yg;-- ]oawå rma&EDÅwd rm&m? rm&meH tmrdomwd
rm&mrdom}/
oawå=owå0gwdkYudk? rma&EdÅ=owfwwfukef\? £wd=
xdkYaMumifh? rm&m=rm&frnfukef\? udavoçcE¨çtbdocFg&ç rpöK[l
aom rm&fav;yg;wdkYudk &ukef\/
rm&meH = ol o wf a ,musf m ; rm&f i g;yg;wd k Y \ ? tmrd o m=
tpmxrif; rSw
D if;ae&yf pm;zwf0g;zwf ok;H oyfeif;e,f&mwdw
Yk nf;?
£wd=xdkYaMumifh? rm&mrdom=rm&mrdo rnfukef\/
a'0yk w å r m&f - - a'0ykwårm&fonfum; owå0gwdkif;ESifh
tNraJ wGUBuKH onf r[kw?f jyqdck NJh y;D aom rm&fav;yg;wdo
Yk nfomvQif
terw*¾oHo&mü owå0gcyfodrf;wdkYudk tpOfwpdkuf vdkufyg
owfjzwfí aeMuukef\? xdkYaMumifh xdkav;yg;wdkYudkom jyqdk

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

326

vdu
k o
f nf/
tbdocFg&rm&f-- tbdocFg&rm&f qdkonfum; avmuD
ukodkvf tukodkvfwdkYudk qdkownf;/
rpöKrm&f---rpöKrm&fqo
kd nfum; r&P"mwfBu;D udk qdo
k wnf;/
a'0ykwårm&fESifhwuG xdkrm&fig;yg;wdkY\ owå0gwdkYü owfykH
udkrlum; igwdkYpD&ifaom ]]Owåryk&do "r®ya'om}} trnf½Sdaom
usrf;rSm tus,fBuD; yg½Sdav\/
rm&f 4-yg; owfrI/ / vdk&if;t"dyÜg,frQudk jyqdkOD;tHhþowå0gtaygif;wdkYonf terw*¾oHo&mü &Hzef&Hcg vlYb0
ewfb0 jA[®mhb0wdkYudk &Muygukefaomfvnf; jzpf&mb0wdkYü
twnfwus raeMu&ukef? atmufodkYom avQmusvmMu&ukef
onfum; opfoD;awGudk ½dkufacRí csbdouhJodkY rm&f 4-yg;wdkY
½dkufacRí csrIaywnf;/
½dkufacRykHum;--- xdkb0wdkYü jzpfyGg;ukefaom udavom
wdo
Yk nf xdb
k üHk xyfíjzpfaMumif;jzpfaom ukov
kd v
f rf;udk ydwq
f í
Ykd
cHpm;rI aysmyf g;rI awGa0rdu
k rf rJ w
I u
Ykd kd aeYpOfygG ;rsm;apí atmufoYkd
a½S;½Ionfudkom jyKMuukef\/
cE¨rm&fwdkYonf udavomwdkYudk vGefpGmcsD;ajr§mufaxmufyhH
uke\
f /
rpöKrm&fwdkYonf xdkbkHxdkb0 tpOfudkjzwf\? tbdocFg&
rm&fwdkYonf atmufodkYypfcsukef\/
þum; ½dkufacsí csykHwnf;/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

327

terw*¾oHo&mwpfavQmufvkH;ü atmufodkYapmufxdk;
*Rrf;jyef wuswnf;usí aechJMuonfudk tukefajrmfav/
þum; rm&fav;yg;owfrItusOf;wnf;/
]]þcE¨mig;yg;onf tb,fodkYvQif xdkrm&fav;yg;wdkY\
tpmxrif; rSDwif;ae&yf pm;zwf0g;zwf okH;oyf eif;e,f&m jzpf
ukefoenf;}} [lrlum;rD;wdkYonf xif;rD;pmwdkYudk tpmxrif; rSDwif;ae&yfjyKí
yGg;pD;MuukefouhJodkY udavoç tbdocFg&ç rpöKwdkYonf rSD&mcE¨m
udkyifvQif tpmxrif; rSDwif;ae&yfjyKí jzpfyGg;Muukef\/
udavorm&f\ pm;zwf-- udavomwdkYonfum; rdrdwdkY
rS&D mcE¨mrS wpfjcm;wpfyg;aom ouf½o
dS ufrJh 0w¬K cE¨mwdu
Yk v
kd nf;
tpmxrif;jyKvkyfç pm;zwf0g;zwf okH;oyfeif;e,f&m jyKvkyfMu
uke\
f /
wpfa,mufwpfa,mufaomol\ cE¨mudk,fBuD;onf acG;
wpf&m acG;wpfaxmifwdkY\ pm;zwf 0g;zwf tefzwf cJzwfBuD;
jzpfouho
J Ykd rdrd udavomwd\
Yk pm;zwf 0g;zwf tefzwfç rdrcd E¨mudk
jriforQ odorQ Mum;orQaom wpfjcm;wpfyg;aom olwYkd udavomwdkY\ pm;zwf0g;zwf okH;oyfeif;e,f&mjzpf\/
jrwfpGmbk&m; cE¨mawmfBuD;udkyifvQif rm*@Dç pdOÆrme
tp½SdaomolwdkY\ udavomwdkYonf om,maom tjcif;t&m
tm;jzifh okH;oyfukef\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

328

a'0'wfç rm&fewfç tmVm0ubDvl;ç yk&mPuóy tp½Sd
aom olwdkY\ udavomwdkYonf rkef;aom tjcif;t&m NidK;aom
tjcif;t&m jypfrSm;aomtjcif;t&mwdkYjzifh okH;oyfukef\/
avmuü vlwdkY\ wpfOD;onf wpfOD;tm; cspfjcif;rkef;jcif;
udk,fEIwfpdwfwdkYjzifh aumif;atmif jyKusifhjcif; raumif;atmif
jyKusijhf cif; tcs;D rGr;f cH&jcif; tuh&J UJ cH&jcif; tqdck &H jcif; tqJc&H jcif;
ponfwdkYonf olwpfyg;udavomwdkY\ pm;zwf0g;zwf okH;oyf
eif;e,frIudk cH&jcif;wdkYaywnf;/
cE¨rm&f\tpm-- cE¨rm&füum;-- cspfcifojzifh xdyg; a&m
,Sujf cif; rke;f ojzifh ykwcf wf ½du
k Ef u
S f axmif;xk ESyd pf ufjcif; tylEydS f
pufjcif; tat;ESdyfpufjcif; xdkxdkowå0g wpfyg;wdkY\ udkufjcif;
cJjcif; aeyljcif; rd;k pGwjf cif; pl;jcif; ½Sjcif; ud,
k w
f iG ;f Oy'f ud,
k yf Oy'f
uyfa&muf xdyg;jcif; tp½SdonfwdkYudk odav/
tbdocFg&rm&f\tpm-- tbdocFg&rm&fwüYkd --- okp½du
k f
rI 'kp½ö u
kd rf w
I EYkd iS hf tyltyef tyiftyef;cH&jcif;ponfwu
Ykd kd odav/
rpöKrm&fum; xif½Sm;NyD/
xdkYaMumifh--]]£ar yOöuE© m¨ =þcE¨mig;yg;wdo
Yk nf? rm&mrdom= udavo
rm&f rpöKrm&fw\
Ykd pm;zwf 0g;zwf ok;H oyf eif;e,f&mwdYk omwnf;}}
[k qdkayonf/
( rm&mrdo NyD;\/ )
---- Ä ----

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

329

19-Zmwd"r® tjypfudkjyqdkcef;
Zmwd " r® - --]]Zmwd"r®}} qdkonfum; yk*¾dKvfwdkY\ yuwdtvdk
udk ihjJ cif; r½Srd í
l "r®tvdo
k ufoufEiS hf aygufaomuf avsmufvsm;
jzpfay:jcif; tavhoabm½Sdukef\/
þt&mü udavom0#fç ur®0#fç 0dygu0#f[lí cE¨migyg;
wdkYudk okH;ykHcGJí OyrmESifhwuG jyqdk&m\/
ud a vom,rf ; xk y f B uD ; / /Oyrmum;---wpfckaom
awmt&yf XmeBuD;ü rD;aygufrD;yGg;wdkYonf rdk;BuD;½GmouhJodkY tNrJ
usa&mufjzpfyGg;í ae&m\? wpfa,mufaomolonf BuD;pGmaom
,rf;xkyfudk ayGUydkufí xdkawmtv,fodkY oGm;&m\? xdkoltm;
rcRwfrvGJvQif 'ku©BuD;pGm jzpfav&m\/
tb,fah Mumifeh nf;qdak omf rD;ESiahf wGUchv
J Qif xdo
k \
l tvdu
k kd
rihb
J J ,rf;\ yuwdtvdt
k m;jzifh rD;awmufí xdo
k u
l ykd if avmif&m
aomaMumihfwnf;/

Oyrm Oyar,s ESD;aESmjycsuf
þOyrmü--avmuBuD; 3-yg;onf udavomrD;wdkYudk vGefpGmjzpfyGg;
apEdik af om Oyg'ged,w&m;wd\
Yk terw*¾oo
H &mESit
hf rQ tNrjJ zpf
xGe;f &mXmejzpfí rD;ayguf rD;yGg;rd;k Bu;D tNr½J mG íaeaom awmt&yf
Bu;D ESiw
hf \
l /
wpfa,mufwpfa,mufaom owå0gü tpOfyg½Sdíaeaom
wpf axmifih g;&m udavom tpktcJBu;D onf xdo
k ül &ifciG yf u
kd í
f

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

330

tpOfyg½Sdaom ,rf;xkyfBuD;ESifhwl\/
xdpk um;rSe\
f ? avmuBu;D ok;H yg;onf avmbrD;udk ,rf;ykrH ;D
us awmufxatmif vIYHaqmfEdkifaom tm½kHawmBuD;twd jzpf\?
avmbw&m;\ jzpfay:rIonf olawmfaumif;w&m; tcsKyt
f xde;f
r½Sdu taMumif;tm½kH vIYHaqmfwdkif; ,rf;ykHrD;us aygufvTwf
avsmufvsm; jzpfcsifwwfwdkif; jzpfawmhonfomwnf;/

olawmfaumif;w&m; Mum;emcGifh&&ef cJ,Of;ykH
olawmfaumif;w&m;rnfonf b0wpf&mrSm wpfcgrawGY vdçk
b0wpfaxmifrSm wpfcgrawGUvdk tvGefawGUBuKHcJvS\? owå0g
wdo
Yk nfvnf; rdrw
d \
Ykd yuwdtvd[
k í
l r&Muukerf í
l avmb"r®\
tvdkudk rdrdwdkY tvdkjyKvkyfMuí aygufvTwf vdkufpm;Muukef\/
a&owå0g ukef;owå0g vlYavmu ewfavmu tukefajrmf
Muav/
a'goç arm[ç rmeç 'd|dtp½Sdukefaom ygy"r®wdkY\ Zmwd
wdu
Yk v
kd nf; toD;toD; þenf;wlcsn;f odMuav? olawmfaumif;
w&m;ESiahf wGUBuKí
H udavomrIw\
Ykd tusKd ;tjypfukd aMumifaMumif
odí aeMuaom Ak'b
¨ mom vlrsKd ;wd\
Yk tv,füyifvQif udavom
trdu
k w
f &m;\ jzpfygG ;rIonf tb,frQBu;D us,o
f nf[k ajrmfMuav/
wpfEdkifiHvkH; udavomawmBuD; jzpfaeMu\? avmuü
b,fvlrqdk b,fwd&pämefrqdk trdkuftrJawGudk awGUjrifMum;
odMuukefonf½Sdaomf rnfonfhowå0g rnfolrnf0g[k yk*¾dKvf
owå0g rpGyfpGJMuukefvifh? udavomZmwd aomif;usef;rIcsnf;

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

331

jzpfownf;/
xdkuhJodkYaom trdkuftrJwdkYudk awGUjrifMum;od&aomtcg
rdrw
d Ykd oEÅmefü½Sad om udavomwdt
Yk wGuf aMumufjcif; xdwv
f efY
jcif;udkom jzpfMuavukef\/
ud a vomZmwf
udavomZmwfqkdonfum; avmutv,fü udavom
wkdY\ ZmwfxGufrIwnf;? i&J Nydwåm tok&um,fbkHwkdYü a'goç
a'greó ZmwfxGufrI BuD;us,fvS\/
a&wd&pämef ukef;wd&pämefbkHwkdYü arm[ZmwfxGufrI BuD;
us,v
f \
S /
vlbkHü ZmwftvGef½Iyf\? atmuf pwkr[m&mZfbkHüvnf;
Zmwf tvGef½Iyf\? txuf ewfjynfwkdYü avmbZmwfxGufrI
tvGeBf u;D us,v
f \
S ? jA[®mjynfwüYkd rmeç 'd|Zd mwf tvGeBf u;D us,f
vS\/
þum; udavom Zmwdab;Bu;D \ aMumufrufz,
G f tcsuf
ukd t&dyft`rGufrQ jyqkdcef;wnf;/
'k p ö ½ k d u f r sd K ;
'kp½ö u
dk w
f \
Ydk Zmwdonfvnf;-tvGeaf omif;use;f \? ygPmwdygw apwem ponfwdkYonf wpfa,mufwpfa,mufaom
owå0goEÅmefü jzpfay:cGiq
hf u
kd cf v
hJ Qif tb,ftcgrqdk ygPmwdygw udpEö iS hf vIUH aqmfíxGu\
f ? xdyk *k Kd¾ vo
f nf xdak pwem vIUH aqmf
wdkif; xdkygPmwdygw tvkyfudk vkyf&\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

332

t'dEém'gef ponfwdkYüvnf; þenf;twlwnf;/
vlwdkYü t½dkif;tpdkif;vlrsdK;wdkYrSm ygPmwdygwZmwf BuD;
us,f\? wd&pämefwdkYüvnf;BuD;us,f\? ,cktcg Oa&mywdkuf
tar&duwdkufwdkYü rdpäm'd|d 'kpö½dkufESihfwuG ygPmwdygw 'kpö½dkuf
ok&myge 'kpö½dkuf ZmwfxGufrI BuD;us,fvS\/
þum; 'kpö½dkuf"r®wdkY\ Zmwdab;BuD;us,fyHkudk odom½HkrQ
om jyqdkcef;wnf;/
y#d o aE¨ 0d y guf c E¨ m
0dygufcE¨mwdkY\ Zmwdonfvnf; aoonf\ tjcm;rJhü
yk*Kd¾ vt
f vdu
k kd iJjh cif;r&Srd í
l uHypfcs &mü aygufvw
G f avsmufvsm;
jzpfcsifwwfwdkif; jzpfay:\? vlUjynfrS pkawvQif wd&pämefrsdK;wGif
tb,fwd&pämefrsdK;um; rjzpf[k txdrf;trSwfr&Sd? acG;Zmwd 0uf
Zmwdponf tcsurf a&G; xGucf siw
f wfwikd ;f xGu\
f ? Nyw
d må rsKd ;wGif
tb,fNydwåmrsdK;um; rjzpf[k r&Sd? tok&um,frsdK;wGif b,f
tok&um,frsKd;um; rjzpf[k r&Sd/
i&JBu;D &Spx
f yfww
Ykd iG v
f nf; vlUjynfrpS ak wvQif b,fi&JBu;D ü
rjzpf[k r&Sd? terw*¾oHo&mü owå0gtaygif;wdkYonf pkaw
onfrSaemufü ur®óum uHcs&m[k rdrdwdkY udk,fcE¨mudk tpOf
xm0&aygufvw
T f ypfxm; Mu&uke\
f ? ewfjynf jA[®mjh ynfrS pkaw
Mu&müvnf; þenf;twlwnf;/
0dygufcE¨mwd\
Yk Zmwdab;Bu;D onf tb,frQavmuf aomif;
usef; &rf;um;rI BuD;us,foenf;[k odvdkaomf tyg,fav;bHk

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

333

todkufttHk BuD;us,fyHkç i&J Nydwåm tok&um,fwdkYü touf&Snf
yHkç cPrpJ tNrJcHaeMu&aom 'ku©a0'emwdkY\ jyif;xefyHkwdkYudk
tukefajrmfav/
vlUjynfwdkYü Owkvdkuf &moDvkduf tdkufrI ylrI at;rI csrf;rI
£&d,myx 'kur© ;D wdrYk pS í ud,
k w
f iG ;f Oy'f ud,
k yf Oy'f t&yf&yfaom
0dygufcE¨mwdkY\ ZmwdrIudkvnf; odMuav/
þum; 0dygufcE¨mwdkY\ Zmwdab;BuD;us,fyHkudk odom½HkrQ
jyqdkcsuf wnf;/
xdaYk Mumif-h ]]£ar yOöuE© m¨ =þcE¨mig;yg;wdo
Yk nf? Zmwd"r®m=
owå0gudk rn§mriJh t½GUJ tapmif; raumif;qd;k npf jzpfcsiw
f wfwikd ;f
jzpfwwfaom oabm½Sdukef\}} [kqdkayonf/
( Zmwd"r® NyD;\/ )
---------- Ä ----------

20-Z&m"r® tjypfudkjyqdkcef;
Z&m 3-rsdK;-;--]]Z&m"r®}} [laomyk'fü Z&monf cPduZ&mç
oEÅwdZ&mç or®KwdZ&m[lí okH;rsdK;½Sd\? 0"uyk'fü jyqdkchJaom
r&P okH;rsdK;onf þZ&mokH;rsdK;vQif a½SUoGm;½Sd\/
cPduZ&mESifh cPdur&P-r&P--y#doaE¨tcgrSpí cPrpJ
½kyef mrfw\
Ykd csKyyf surf I aoqk;H rI [laom cPdur&Ponf cPdu
Z&maMumifh jzpf&\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

334

oEÅ w d Z &mES i f h o EÅ w d r &P
tedpövu©Pmü jyqdkchJNyD;aom £&d,mykxf ajymif;vJjcif;ç
£&d,myxoEÅmy awaZmrD;\ awmufavmifjcif; ponfwdkY
aMumifh yx0Dum, tmaygum, ponfw\
Ykd wpfow
k f wpfow
k f
csKyfysufrI aoqkH;rI[laom oEÅwdr&Ponf oEÅwdZ&maMumifh
jzpf&\/
or®KwdZ&m-&m--cyfodrf;aom owå0gwdkY\ aoqkH;rI[laom
or®Kwd r&PBuD;onf or®KwdZ&maMumifh jzpf&\/
xdpk um;rSe\
f /
Z&mt"dyÜg,f---Z&mqdo
k nfum; yuwdtaerS tajc ysurf I
taeysufrIaywnf;? topfvwfvwf qwfqwf ½Tef;½Tef; puf
puf\ tajcysufrI taeysufrI &ifha&mfrI qkwf,kwfrI ñId;EGrf;
rIaywnf;/
csKyfysufaoqkH;jcif; [lorQonf &ifha&mfjcif; qkwf,kwf
ñI;d EGr;f jcif;vQif a½SUoGm;½SNd rJ "r®wmwnf;? rqkw,
f w
k v
f Qif csKyyf suf
jcif; rjzpfEdkif? ajrüpdkufí wnfaeMuaom opfyif awmawmif
ponfwdkY\ ajrü vJNydKjcif;onf nGwfudkif;jcif;vQif a½SUoGm;½Sd
ouho
J w
Ykd nf;/
Z&mES i f h r &P-&P--xdkYaMumifh r&P[lorQonf Z&maMumifh
omjzpf\? Z&mr½SdvQif r&P[líyifr½Sd&m?
edAÁmefonf Z&mr½SdaomaMumihf r&Pr½Sdonf/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

335

Z&m\trI---vl ewf jA[®m owå0gwdüYk toD;toD; touf
wrf;[lí ½SdMujcif;onf Z&m\trIaywnf;/
okomef 2-rsdK;;--owå0gwd\
Yk cE¨mypfcs&mjzpfaom okomef
oif;csdKif; rnfonf ESpfrsdK;½Sd\/
1/ okomefajrt&yfonfvnf; okomefoif;csdKif; wpfyg;/
2/ toufwrf;onfvnf; okomefoif;csdKif; wpfyg;/
xdkESpfrsdK;wdkYwGif--vlwdkYü oif;csdKif; ESpfyg;½Sd\/
ewfjA[®mwdüYk toufwrf;[laom oif;csKd i;f okomefwpfrsKd ;
om ½Sd\/
vlwdkY\ Z&mrD;onf tMuiftcgü vlwdkY\cE¨mudk tESpf
toacFs½SdrS uRrf;atmifavmif\? xdktcgü (tESpftoacFs)
toufwrf; jzpf&\? tMuiftcgü tESpw
f pfoed ;f ESihf uRr;f atmif
avmif\? xdktcg tESpfwpfodef;wrf; jzpf&\/
þenf;twdik ;f vljY ynf ewfjynf jA[®mjh ynfwüYkd toufwrf;
tvkH;pkH udk tukefajrmfav/
Z&mtrI B uD ;
urÇmBu;D wd\
Yk tpOftquf ysuq
f ;Hk rI tydik ;f tjcm;ç toacsF
,suyfwkdY\ tykdif;tjcm;ç tEÅ&uyfwkdY\ tykdif;tjcm;ç tm,k
uyfwkdY\ tykdif;tjcm;ç owå0gwkdY\ t&G,fokH;yg; t&G,f q,fyg;
wkdY\ tykdif;tjcm;ç ESpfwkdY\ tykdif;tjcm;ç OwkwkdY\ tykdif;tjcm;ç
vwk\
dY tykid ;f tjcm;ç aeY&uf em&Dw\
Ydk tykid ;f tjcm;[laom cyford ;f

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

336

aom okomefBuD; okomefi,f oif;csKdif;BuD; oif;csKdif;i,fwkdY rSm
vnf; Z&mtrIBuD; rSwfav/
urÇmürSDaom Z&maMumifh urÇmwkdY\ ysufjcif;qkH;jcif;rnf
onfjzpf&\? Z&mr½Sdonf½Sdaomf urÇmysufqkH;jcif;[lí r½Sd&m/
xkt
Yd wl toufwrf;[lívnf;r½S&d m? t&G,\
f ukeq
f ;Hk jcif;ç
ESp\
f ukeq
f ;Hk jcif;ç Owk &wkw\
Ykd ukeq
f ;Hk jcif;ç aeY&uf\ukeq
f ;Hk jcif;ç
em&DwkdY\ ukefqkH;jcif;[lí r½Sd&m/
ouf½SdoufrJh cE¨mig;yg; ½kyfemrfw&m;wkdY\ ukefqkH;&mjzpf
aom okomefBuD;i,fwkdYukd tpGJjyKí urÇmBuD;i,f tykdif;tjcm;ç
ESpftykdif;tjcm;ç Owk &wktykdif;tjcm;ç vtykdif;tjcm;ç aeYnOfh
tykid ;f tjcm;ç em&Dtykid ;f jcm;wko
Yd nf xifjrifMu&ukeo
f nf/ aphppHk mG
jrifatmif ajrmfav/
terw*¾oo
H &mBu;D onf okomefoif;csKid ;f tjyifBu;D twd
xifjrifMuukefvwåHU? xkdrQavmuf BuD;us,fpGmaom Z&mrD;onf
cE¨mig;yg;wdüYk wnfí cE¨mig;yg;wdu
Yk dk tpmjyKí tpOfxm0& yGg;pD;í
aeuke\
f ? y#doaE¨ wnfaeonfrpS í owå0gwk\
Yd oEÅmefüvnf;
aumif;ç opfyif opfukdif; opfcuf opf&Guf ponfwkdYü vnf;
aumif; tpOfavmifíae\/
cPd u Z&mES i f h c Pd u r&P-r&P--cPduZ&monf cE¨m 5yg; wdkYudk cPdur&P oif;csKdif;odkY tjrJ ydkYcs\/
oEÅ w d Z &mES i f h o EÅ w d r &P-&P--oEÅwdZ&monf oEÅwd
r&P oif;csKdif;odkY tjrJydkYcs\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

337

or® K wd Z &mES i f h o r® K wd r &P-&P--or®KwdZ&monf or®Kwd
r&P oif;csKdif;odkY tNrJydkYcs\/
xdkoHk;yg;wdkYwGif y#doaE¨wnfaeonfrSpí tpOfyg½Sdíae
ukefaom cPduZ&mrD;ç cPdur&PrD;wdkYonf BuD;pGmaom
trIu
d pf ük usí waiGUaiGU ½Sad eaom rD;aygufr;D yGg;wdEYk iS hf wluek \
f /
xdrk ;D ayguf rD;yGg;wdo
Yk nf avvIUH aqmfíay;cJah omf cPcsi;f
awmufxí xdktrdIufpkudkvnf;aumif;ç teD;tpyf½Sdaom rD;pm
wdkYudkvnf;aumif; cPcsif;jymjzpfatmif avmifEkdifMuukef\/
xdkYtwl cPduZ&mrD; r&PrD;wdkYonfvnf; taMumif;
tcGifhukd &cJhonf½Sdaomf y#doaE¨tcgrSpí b,fcPrSmrqdk
oEÅwdZ&m oEÅwdr&P taeESifhvnf; awmufxEkdifukef\?
or®KwdZ&m or®Kwdr&PtaeESifhvnf; awmufxEkdifukef\/
xdkYaMumifh þowå0gwdkYonf emab;ESifhawGU&rnfudk tjrJ
aMumufMu&ukef\? aoab;ESifh awGU&rnfudk tjrJaMumufMu&
ukef\? y#doaE¨upí tESpfwpf&m tESpfwpfaxmif tESpf
wpfaomif; tESpw
f pfoed ;f \ twGi;f emab; aoab; qdu
k w
f u
kd f
vmaomfvnf; remEkdif raoEkdifaom em&D[lí wpfem&DrQr½Sd?
þowå0gtaygif;wdkYonf tjrJxm0&vQif "m;atmufvnfcH
jzpfíaeMu&ukef\/
xdkYaMumifh]]£ar yOöu©E¨m=þcE¨mig;yg;wdkYonf? Z&m "r®m=qkwf,kwf
avQmh yg;jcif; oabm½Sdukef\}} [k qdkayonf/
( Z&m"r® NyD;\/ )
--------- Ä ----------

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

338

21-Asm"d"r® tjypf
Asm"d/ / ]]Asm"d"r®}} [laomyk'üf ]]Asm"wd=[ðowDwAd sm"d}}/
Asm"wd [ð o wd = n§ n f ; yef ; wwf \ ? £wd = xd k Y a Mumif h ?
Asm"d=Asm"drnf\/
txufü vmNyD;aoma&m*rsKd; *@rsKd; tmAm"rsKd;wdkYyif
wnf;/
emjcif ; oabm½S d a om cE¨ m ig;yg;
þcE¨mig;yg;wdrYk nfonf rdryd uwdoabmtm;jzifh (Asm"d"r®
rsK;d wdo
Yk mwnf;)/
ewf odMum; jA[®mwd\
Yk cE¨mwdo
Yk nfvnf; Asm"d"r®rsK;d wdo
Yk m
wnf;/
ewfbHkjA[®mbHkwdkYü £|okcorÜwådjzpfí aeMuukefonfrSm
rdrdwdkY yuwdoabmESifh aeMuukefonf r[kwf? uHudkjyKjyifrI
[laomtpGrf;aMumifh txufjyqdkcJhNyD;aom xrif;ajcmufykvJ
xrif;ajcmuf &Gv
J ;kH Bu;D uJo
h Ykd tcdu
k f tweft
Y m;jzifh 0if;0if;awmuf
jzpfí aeMuukef\/
&Gv
J ;kH Bu;D wdo
Yk nf jyKjyifrI jy,faysmufvQif trIu
d Zf mwdojYkd yef
a&mufjrJ a&mufMuukefouJhodkY ewfodMum; jA[®mwdkY\ cE¨mtpOf
wdo
Yk nfvnf; jyKjyifrI uHuek v
f Qif temawmç a&m*gawmç 'kua© wm
odkY usavQmjrJ usavQmMu &ukef\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

339

ewf j A[® m rjzpf b l ; ol r½S d
,ck tyg,fav;bHkü ½SdaeMu&aom owå0gwdkYonfvnf;
aumif;ç vlYjynfü temqdk;a&m*gqdk; ESdyfpufíaeMuukefaom
olwo
Ykd nfvnf;aumif; ewf odMum;jA[®m jzpfb;l MuolwcYkd sn;f om
wnf;/
vlwüYkd cE¨mig;yg;\ Asm"doabmonfum; tvGex
f if&mS ;\?
y#doaE¨wnfaeonfrSpí wpfb0vkH;ü emab;qdkufvmvQif
remEdkifaomtcg[lí wpfem&DrQ r&Sd? tdkab; aoab;ESifhtwl
tNrJaMumufMu&ukef\/
xdkYaMumifh]]£ar yOöu©cE¨m=þcE¨mig;yg;wdkYonf? Asm"d"r®m=
emjcif; oabm ½Sdukef\}} [kqdkayonf/
( Asm"d"r® NyD;\/ )
--------- Ä ---------

22- aomu"r®udk jyqdkcef;
]]aomu"r®}} [laomyk'fü rdrdwdkY\ cE¨mig;yg;wdkYonf rdrdü
vnf;aumif;ç olwpfyg;wdkYüvnf;aumif; aomu'ku©wdkYukd jzpf
yGg;apEkdifukef\/
olwpfyg;wd\
Yk cE¨mig;yg;wdo
Yk nf olwpfyg;wdüYk vnf; aumif;ç
rdrdü vnf;aumif; aomu'ku©udk jzpfyGm;apEkdifukef\/
rD;ab; a&ab; tp½Sdukefaom A[d'¨cE¨mwdkYonf owå0g
wdkYü aomu'ku©wdkYudk jzpfyGm;apEkdifukef\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

340

rdr\
d ydik &f mqdik &f m[lí odr;f ydu
k t
f yfuek af om cyford ;f aom
wdik ;f jynfNrKd U&Gmtdr,
f m 0if;Nct
H 0wftpm; pyg;qefa& a&T aiG&wem
v,f,m udkif;uRef; opfyif O,smOftp½Sdukefaom tvHk;pHkaom
umr0w¬K taqmufttHw
k o
Ykd nf odr;f ydu
k w
f ,
G w
f maom olwt
Ykd m;
trsKd;rsKd;aom aomu 'ku©udk jzpfyGg;apEdkifukef\/
i&Jbw
Hk pfciG v
f ;Hk Nyw
d må bkw
H pfciG v
f ;Hk tok&um,fbHk wpfciG f
vkH;wdkYonf aomubkHBuD; vkH;vkH;wdkYomwnf;? vlYcE¨m ewfcE¨m
jA[®mhcE¨mwdkYonfvnf; xdktrsdK;t½dk;wdkYomwnf;/
xdkYaMumifh--]]£ar yOöu©E¨m=þcE¨mig;yg;wdkYonf? aomu"r®m= pdk;&drf
ylyef&jcif;oabm ½Sdukef\}} [kqdkayonf/
( aomu"r® NyD;\/ )
----- Ä -----

23-24/ y&da'0"r®ESifh
Oyg,mo"r® tjypfwdkYudk jyqdkcef;
y&da'0"r®ç Oyg,mo"r® yk'fwdkYonf aomu"r®yk'fESifh
wlMuav ukefNyD/
( y&da'0"r®ç Oyg,mo"r® NyD;\/ )
--------- Ä ---------

25/ oHudavodu tjypfudkjyqdkcef;
]]oHudavomeH [dwmwd oHudavodum}}/

tpodYk

341

bm0em'DyeD

oHuad vomeH=wPSm oHuad voç 'd|d oHuad voç 'kp&ö w
d
oH udavowdkY\? [dwm=tpD;tyGg;wdkYwnf;? £wd=xdkYaMumifh?
oHudav odum=oHudavodu rnfukef/
t"dyÜg,ftus,frSm omo0"r®[laom yk'fESifhwlNyD/
( oHudavodu"r® NyD;\/ )
------------vl e wf j A[® m pnf ; pd r f c srf ; om[l a om awbl r u"r® w d k Y \

tjypfa'go tm'De0 BuD;us,fykHudk jyqdkcef;
þt&mü--]]oaAÁ ocFg&m tedpöm?
oaAÁ ocFg&m 'ku©m?
oaAÁ "r®m tewåm/}}
[laomyk'fwdkY\ t"dyÜg,fudkvnf; twefi,f jyqdk&m\/
oaAÁ=cyfodrf;ukefaom? ocFg&m=jyKjyiftyfaom w&m;wdkY
rnfonf? tedpöm=tedpöwdkYomwnf;/
oaAÁ=cyford ;f ukeaf om? ocFg&m=jyKjyiftyfaom w&m;wdYk
rnfonf? 'ku©m='ku©wdkYomwnf;/
oaAÁ = cyf o d r f ; uk e f a om? "r® m =avmuD avmuk w å & m
edAÁmefynwf w&m;wdkYonf? tewåm=tewåwdkYomwnf;/
þa'oemwdkYü ajym½dk; qdk½dk; t"dyÜg,fum; xif½Sm;NyD/
awbl r uw&m;\ trnf r sm;
sm;/
t"dyÜg,fudk jyqdkaythH/

/txl;owdjyK&ef

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

342

tyg,fav;bkEH iS w
hf uGaom cyford ;f aom vlcY E¨m vlcY sr;f omç
ewfcE¨m ewfcsr;f omç jA[®mch E¨m jA[®mch sr;f om[k qdt
k yfuek af om
cE¨mig;yg; awblruw&m;wdkYudk tbd"r®mü--(1) omo0g=tmoa0gw&m;wdkYESifhwuG jzpfukef\ [lí
vnf;aumif;/
(2) oHa,mZed,m=oHa,mZefw&m;wdkYudk yGg;pD;apwwf
ukef\ [lívnf;aumif;/
(3) *E¦ed,m=*E¦w&m;wdkYudk yGg;pD;apwwfukef\ [lí
vnf;aumif;/
(4) MoCed,m=MoCw&m;wdkYudk jzpfyGg;apwwfukef\
[lívnf; aumif;/
(5) a,m*ed,m=a,m*w&m;wdu
Yk kd jzpfygG ;apwwfuek \
f
[lí vnf;aumif;/
(6) eD0&Pd,m=eD0&Pw&m;wdu
Yk kd jzpfygG ;apwwfuek \
f
[lí vnf;aumif;/
(7) y&mr|m=rdpäm'd|d w&m;wdkYonf tarSmuftrSm;
okH;oyftyf ukef\ [lívnf;aumif;/
(8) Oyg'ged,m=Oyg'gefw&m;wdkYudk jzpfyGg;apwwfukef\
[lí vnf;aumif;/
(9) oHudavodum=cyfodrf;aom wPSmoHudavo
w&m;ç 'd|d oHudavow&m;ç 'kpö½dkuf oHudavo
w&m;wdkYudk yGg;pD;ap wwfukef\ [lívnf;aumif;-

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

343

a[mawmfrlaomaMumifh cyfodrf;aom awblru w&m;
wdkYonf rdrdwdkYvnf; udavomwdkYrS jzpfyGg;Muukef\? udavom
rD;wdkYudkvnf; vGefpGmyGg;rsm;apwwfMuukef\? bkHokH;yg;BuD;onf
udavom awmBuD;twdjzpf\? tukodkvfawmBuD; twdjzpf\[k
odtyf\/
bkH 3-yg;\ Oyrmrsm;/ //xdkYaMumifh 0dok'¨dr*fü --(1) bko
H ;Hk yg;Bu;D onf om;&JwjYkd zifjh ynfah om awmtkyBf u;D
ESiw
hf \
l /
(2) usm;wdkY\ae&mjzpfaom vdkPf*lESifhwl\/
(3) rd a usmif ; wd k Y j zif h v nf ; aumif ; ç a&bD v l ; wd k Y j zif h
vnf;aumif; jynfhaom a&tdkifBuD;ESifhwl\/
(4) tqdyfESifha&maom abmZOfESifhwl\/
(5) cdk;ol"m;jywdkY\ ae&mjzpfaom c&D;ESifhwl\/
(6) rD;avmifíaeaom tdrfESifh wl\/
(7) ppfonfEpS b
f uf csw
D ufwu
kd cf u
kd í
f aeaom ppfajrjyif
ESifhwl\ [lí rdefYqdkay\/
vlYbkH ewfbkH jA[®mhbkHwdkYonf tvGefaumif;aom tqif;
teHY t&omwdkYESifh jynfhpkHaom tyGifhtoD;wdkYudk tcgcyfodrf;
aqmifukefaom tqdyfyifawmBuD;ESifhvnf; wlukef\/
tqd y f a q;ES i f h w l a om tuk o d k v f
tmo0 oH a ,mZe *E¦ MoC a,m*tp½S d uk e f a om
tukov
kd w
f &m;wdo
Yk nf tqdyyf iG hf tqdyo
f ;D wdüYk wnf½adS eMuukef
aom tqdyfaq;wdkYESifh wlukef\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

344

tqd y f o D ; pm; iS u f O yrm
vl ewf jA[®mtaygif;wdkYonf tqdyfyGifh tqdyfoD;wdkYudk
pm;aomufí aeMuukeaf om tode;f taomif; iSut
f aygif;wdEYk iS hf
wluek \
f /
xdkiSuftaygif;wdkYonf tqdyfavmifojzifh tpOftwdkif;
ukefcef;aom taoG;tom;½SdMuukefonfjzpfí rMumrD rMumrD
atmufajrtbdo
Yk Ykd usa&mufaoqk;H í ajrBu;D tpD;tyGg; jzpfMuukef
ouho
J Ykd vlewfjA[®mwdo
Yk nf vlpY nf;pdrcf sr;f om ewfpnf;pdrcf sr;f om
jA[®mhpnf;pdrfcsrf;om cE¨mig;yg;wdkYü yGg;pD;íaeMuukefaom xdk
tukov
kd t
f qdyw
f \
Ykd tpOftNrJ avmifraI Mumifh terw*¾ oHo&m
ü tyg,fbo
Hk o
Ykd m pkvmMuukeí
f tyg,fav;yg; tpD;tyGg; csn;f
tpOfjzpfí aeMuukef\/
þum; vlewfjA[®m pnf;pdrfcsrf;om[laom awblru"r®
wdkY\ tjypfa'go tm'De0BuD;us,fykHwnf;/
awblru"r®wdkY\ tjypfNyD;\/
---- Ä ----

pdwf[laom tcsKyftcsmy"mew&m;BuD;\
tvm;udkjyqdkcef;
,cktcgü pdwf[laom tcsKyftjcm y"mew&m;BuD;\
tvm;udk jyqdkaythH/
pdwf\tvm; 2-rsdK;;/
þ pdwf\tvm;onf---

/tm½kHudk odjcif;vu©Pm½Sdaom

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

345

1/ yuwdaom Zmwdtvm;?
2/ jyKjyifrIaMumihfjzpfaom tm*EÅKutvm;[lí
ESpyf g;½S\
d /
pdwf\ yuwdtvm;
vm;/ / xdkESpfyg;wdkYwGif--]]ygyo®ð &raw raem}}
]]raem=pdwfrnfonf? ygo®ð=raumif;rIüomvQif? &raw=
arGUavsmfNrJwnf;/}}
[lí a[mawmfro
l nfEiS t
hf nD ..raumif;rIüom tNraJ rGU
avsmfjcif;oabmonf pdwf\ yuwdaom Zmwdtvm;wnf;/
pd w f \ tm*EÅ K utvm;
ukov
dk af umif;rI udpEö iS hf jzpfjcif;onf jyKjyifraI Mumifjh zpf aom
pdwf\ tm*EÅKu tvm;wnf;/
'kpö½kdufrI[lorQonf pdwf\ yuwdZmwdtvm;wnf;?
yuwdZmwd tvkdwnf;/
ok p ½k d u f r I [ l o rQonf pd w f \ t*EÅ K utvm;wnf ; ?
tm*EÅKu tvkdwnf;/
tukokdvfpdwf 12-yg;onf pdwf\yuwdZmwd tvm;jzifh
Ny;d \/
umrukov
dk pf w
d ½f pS cf o
k nf jyKjyifr\
I tpGr;f aMumifjh zpf&\/
Oyrmum;- oHaMu;cJwYdk rnf;npfjcif;trIonf yuwdZmwd
tvm;wnf;? oHaMu;cJw\
Ydk jzLpifjcif;trIonf? jyKjyifr½I rdS S jzpfEidk f
aom tm*EÅKu tvm;wnf;/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

346

xdkESpfyg;aom tvm;wkdYwGif yuwdZmwdtvm;rnfonf a&wk\
Yd edr&hf mt&yfoYdk pD;oGm;rI
uJhokdY jyKjyifrIrvkd e*kdZmwdESifh NyD;onfjzpfí pnf;r½Sd urf;r½Sd
aygufvGwfavsmufvsm; oGm;NrJwnf;/
tm*EÅKutvm;rnfonf a&wdkY\txufodkY qefwufrI
uJo
h Ykd jyKjyifr½I ydS grS jyKjyifr\
I tpGr;f ½So
d rQom oGm;\? jyKjyifrt
I pGr;f
ukev
f Qif yuwdZmwdtvm;odo
Yk m vJNrw
J nf;? yuwdZmwdtvm;odYk
a&mufvQif pnf;urf;r½SNd y?D qD;r& wm;r& oGm;csiw
f ikd ;f oGm;awmh
onf? avmuü rsujf rifu,
kd af wGU xif½mS ;íaeMuaom trIwnf;/
ok p ½d k u f j zpf a Mumif ;
pdwu
f kd okp½du
k pf w
d çf r[mukov
kd pf w
d f jzpfapjcif;iSg jyKjyifrI
rnfonf y#d½yl a'o0goç oyÜK&o
d yl edó,ç o'¨ró
® 0e tp½Sd
aom taMumif;BuD; tcGifhBuD;wdkYESifh awGUBuHKaomtcgüom
jzpfEikd \
f /
terw*¾oHo&mü usifvnfí aeMuukefaom owå0g
wdt
Yk m; vlUb0udk &rIonfyifvQif tvGecf ,
J Of;\? y#d½yl a'o0go
tp½Sad om taMumif;Bu;D tcGiBhf u;D wdEYk iS hf awGUBuKH &ef ta&;rlum;
wdkYxuf tvGefcJ,Of;awmhonf/
,cktcg ZrÁL'Dyg uRef;BuD;tjyifrSm ½SdaeMuukefaom
vltrsKd ;rsKd ;wdw
Yk iG f okp½du
k q
f ,fyg;½SMd uaom vlrsKd ; tb,frQavmuf
enf;yg;onf[kajrmfav/
þodkYaom ,kwådjzifh tyg,fav;yHkBuD;onf pdwf\yuwd
tvm;wnf;? vlUbHk ewfbHkonf pdwf\ tm*EÅKtvm;wnf;[k

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

347

xif½Sm;\? vlUbHk ewfbHkwdkYü owå0genf;yg;rIç tyg,fav;yHkBuD;ü
owå0gtodkufttHk BuD;us,frIESifhvnf; xif½Sm;\/
r[muk o d k v f x uf
tyÜ e muk o d k v f j zpf & ef cJ , Of ; yH k
r[mukodkvfjzpf&ef jyKjyifrIxuf ½lyg0p&psmefukodkvf
t½lyg0p&psmef ukov
kd jf zpf&ef jyKjyifrw
I o
Ykd nf tvGecf ,
J Of;vSuek f
awmhonf/
avmukwå&mukodkvfwdkYürlum;1/ jrwfpmG bk&m;wd\
Yk r*fÓPfuo
k v
kd o
f nf av;oacsF
½SpfoacsF wpfq,fhajcmufoacsFESifh urÇmwpfodef;
jyKjyif&\?
2/ yapöuaAm"drSm ESpfoacsFESifh urÇmwpfodef;?
3/ t*¾om0uaAm"drSm wpfoacsFESifh urÇmwpfodef;?
4/ r[mom0uaAm"drSm urÇmwpfodef;jyKjyif&\/
5/ yuwdom0uaAm"drmS urÇmwpf&m urÇmwpfaxmif
ponf jzifhjyKjyif&\/
þrQaompum;&yfwdkYjzifh pdwf[laomtcsKyftjcm y"me
w&m;Bu;D \ ukov
kd jf zpfrI tvm;rnfonf jyKjyifraI Mumifjh zpf&aom
tm*EÅKtvm;om jzpf\? tukov
kd jf zpfro
I nfomvQif pdw\
f yuwd
Zmwdtvm; jzpf\[laom teufç oHo&mü usiv
f nfíaeMuukef
aom owå0gwdrYk mS vnf; ok*wdb0odYk a&mufro
I nf tm*EÅKtvm;
rQomjzpf\? 'k*¾wdb0ü usifvnfrIonfomvQif tpOfxm0&

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

348

tvm;jzpf\[laom teufonf NyD;ownf;/
(pdwf[laom y"mew&m; NyD;\/)
------------ Ä -------------

cE¨mig;yg; tedpö 'ku© tewå jzpfyHk
cE¨ m ig;yg;onf
tuk o d k v f \ tpD ; tyG g ;
tb,fah Mumifh tukov
kd f jzpfro
I nfomvQif pdw\
f yuwd
Zmwdtvm; jzpfavoenf; [lrlum;awblru"r®[q
k t
kd yfaom vlç ewfç jA[®m pnf;pdrcf sr;f om
cE¨m ig;yg;wdo
Yk nf tukov
kd \
f tpD;tyGg;wdo
Yk nfom jzpfuek \
f [k
jyqdkcJhNyD;aom tbd"r®mygVdawmfç 0dok'¨dr*ft|uxmç tqdyfyif
awmBuD; OyrmwdkYESifh ajzav/
xdk vlewfjA[®m pnf;pdrfcsrf;om cE¨mig;yg;wdkYESifh a&maESm
qufqrH o
I nf tukov
kd jf zpfcef;? pGev
Yf w
T Mf uOfa½Smifro
I nf ukov
kd f
jzpfcef;[lívnf; avmuü xif½Sm;\/
uk o d k v f p d w f j zpf & ef c uf c J y H k
þodkYvQif oHo&mü usifvnfMuukefaom owå0gwdkY\
tcsKyftjcm y"meBuD;jzpfaom pdwfonf tukodkvftjzpfüom
yuwd Zmwdoabmjzpfí tpOfxm0&NrJaom oabm½Sd\?
ukodkvftjzpfü rdrd\ yuwd Zmwdoabm r[kwf? jyKjyifrI\
tpGrf;oufoufrQomjzpfí b0wpf&mrS wpfcgom jzpfEdkif\?
b0wpfaxmifrS wpfcgom jzpfEdkif\? tpOftNrJ jzpfEdkifaom
oabmr½Sd/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

349

pd w f o nf t ed p ö r sd K ;
jyKjyifrI\ tpGrf;jzifh ukodkvftjzpfESifh jzpf aomtcgvnf;
jyKjyifr\
I tpGr;f uif;cJv
h Qif cPcsi;f cPcsi;f uG,yf suí
f tukov
kd f
zufoo
Ykd m vJNrv
J \
J ? jyKjyifrI ½Spd Ofüvnf; wpfpw
kH pfck qefu
Y sizf uf
w&m; xdyg;cJjh yefvQif cPcsi;f uG,yf suí
f tukov
kd zf ufoYkd vJNrJ
vJ\/
xdkYaMumifh]]zE´eH pyvH pdwåH? 'k&u©H 'kEéd0g&,H}}
[lí a[mawmfrl\/
pdwåH=pdwfonf? zE´eH=wkefvIyf\? pyvH=vQyfay:\? 'k&u©H=
apmifha½Smufjcif;iSg cufcJ\? 'kEéd0g&,H=raumif;aom tvm;udk
wm;jrpfjcif;iSg cufcJvS\/
þum; pdwf\ aumif;&modkY yg&avatmif jyKjyiftyfaom
ocFg&rsdK;jzpfí aumif;aomtzdkYü tedpöjzpfyHkwnf;/
pd w f o nf 'k u © r sd K ;
þodkY aumif;aomtzdkYü jyKjyiftyfaom tedpörsdK;jzpfí
raumif;aomtzdkYü yuwdZmwdtaetm;jzifh NrJaomoabm½Sd
aomaMumifh þpdwfudk owå0gwdkY\ tcsKyftjcm y"met*FgjyKí
oHo&mü usifvnfjcif;iSg tvGefaMumufvefYzG,f aumif;vSaom
Mumifh {uefpifppf 'ku©rsdK;om jzpf\/
þum; pdwf\ yuwdZmwdtm;jzifh 'ku©rsdK;pifppf jzpfyHk
wnf;/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

350

pd w f o nf tewå j zpf y H k
owå0gwd\
Yk yuwdZmwd tvdt
k m; tpOfxm0& aumif;jrwf
csrf;omonfudkom tvdk½Sd\? pdwf\ yuwd Zmwdtvdkum;
raumif;,kwrf m qif;&J&modo
Yk m tpOfxm0& aqmifjcif;oabm
½Sd\? owå0gwdkY\ yuwdtvdkESifh pdwf\ yuwdtvdkonf tpkef
tqef qefYusifzuf jzpfaeMu\? owå0gwdkY\ yuwdtvdkESifh
pdwf\ yuwdtvdkonf terw*¾oHo&mü wpf&HwpfcgrQ ra&m
rdMu/
xdkYaMumifh pdwfonf owå0g\ ydkif&mEdkif&m r[kwf? owå0g
r[kwf? owå0gwpfjcm; pdwfwjcm;[k xif½Sm;\? owå0g[líum;
r½S/d
þum; pdwfonf owå0g\ twåom& r[kwfyHkwnf;/
pdwf\ tedpörsdK; 'ku©rsdK; tewårsdK;jzpfyHk NyD;\/
----- Ä ----apwod u f ü
ted p ö 'k u © tewå j zpf y H k
tvHk;pHkaom apwodufwdkYonfvnf; pdwf\aemufvdkuf
aemufygrQom jzpfMuukeí
f raumif;&müom tpOfNraJ om yuwd
Zmwd oabm½SdMuukef\? pdwfüjyqdkcJhNyD;aomtwdkif; tvHk;pHk
tukew
f \
l /
emru©E¨mav;yg;wdkY\ tedpörsdK; 'ku©rsdK; tewårsdK;jzpfyHk NyD;\/
----- Ä -----

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

351

½kyfü tedpö 'ku© tewå jzpfyHk
oHo&mü wpfb0rS wpfb0odkY ajymif;oGm;&mü emru©E¨m
wdkY oGm;&modkY ½lyu©E¨monf tpOfyg&\? xdkYaMumifh emru©E¨m
wdu
Yk o
hJ yYkd if ½lyu©Em¨ onfvnf;f yuwdoabmtm;jzifh raumif;qd;k
&Gm;rsdK;om pifppfjzpf\? &Hzef&Hcg vl½kyfç ewf½kyfç jA[®m½kyftaeESifh
jzpfay:vmrIonf uHjyKjyifrI\ tpGrf;oufoufomwnf;/
wpfb0 wpfb0ü zGm;jrifp tcgumvrSpí wpfpHkwpfck
aom jyKjyifrI r½SdbJ olYyuwdZmwdtwdkif; aygufvTwfxm;cJh
onf½Sdaomf xif½Sm;pGmjzpfí oGm;&maom cE¨mig;yg;wdkY\ tedpö
tvm;ç 'ku©tvm;ç tewåtvm;udkum; a½SUü jyqdkcJhNyD/
xdkodkYjyqdkcJhNyD;aomtwdkif; aumufpyg; jrufopfyifwdkY\
pdr;f ½Sif pnfum;í aeY&uft½Snf wnfaerIç t&Guf tyGihf toD;udk
aqmifro
I nf ajrOwk a&Owk jyKjyifrI tpGr;f oufouf jzpfouJoYkd
owå0gwdüYk vnf; pu©Kç aomwç Cmeç Zd0gS ç um,ç raem-[laom
y"met*Fg twGif;tm,weajcmufyg;wdkY\ aeY½Snf &uf½Snf
wnfaerIç jrifjcif; Mum;jcif; eHjcif; vsufjcif; xdjcif; odjcif;wkdYukd
½GufaqmifrIonf a½S;a½S;aeYwkdYü wiful;í jyKtyfaom tpm
tm[m& jyKjyifrI\ tpGrf;oufoufrQomwnf;/
jyqkdcJhNyD;aom cE¨mig;yg;wkdY\ yuwd Zmwdtvm;ukd
r[mt0Dpd i&JBu;D okq
Yd u
dk af tmif woGew
f nf;vJí oGm;ykEH iS w
hf uG
terw*¾oHo&m wpfckvkH; tukefajrmfjrifMuav/
,lZemig;&mjrifah om [drEÅmawmifay:rS pD;ukeaf om jrpfBu;D
jrpfi,fwkdYonf r[mork'´&mokdYcsnf; woGefwnf; vJMuukef
ouJo
h Ydk terw*¾ oHo&mü vlb
Y Hk ewfbHk jA[®mb
h üHk ½SMd uukeaf om

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

352

cE¨muk,
d af umif Bu;D i,fw\
Ydk yuwdZmwdtvm;ukd r[mt0Dpo
d Ydk
csnf;qkdufatmif ajrmfjrifMuav/
ok p ½k d u f j zpf & ef cJ , Of ; yk H
rEkówå'kv’b w&m;awmfrsm;ESifh axmufajrmfí MunfhMu
ukefonf½Sdaomf okp½kdufq,fyg; tvdr®mw&m;ESifh jynfhpkHaom
tjzpfudk q,fb0 uk;d b0 qufvufí &Ekid &f ef tvGecf ,
J Of;vS\/
'kpö½kdufq,fyg; trdkufw&m;ESifh jynfhpkHaom tjzpfudkrlum;
wpfb0a&muf aygufrdonf&Sdaomf edrfh&modkY pD;qif;aom jrpfa&
uJhodkY b0aygif; taxmif taomif;ru jr§Kyfav arsmavawmh
onf/ vdyfumPf; Oyrm a'oemawmfrsm;udk ajrmfav/
þum; pdwftp&Sdukefaom cE¨mig;yg; ½kyfemrfw&m;wdkY\
tvGefaMumufvefYzG,f aumif;vSaom e*dkZmwd yuwdoabm
&if;udk xifvif;pGm odapjcif;iSg tedpöwpfrsKd;udk jyqdkcef;wnf;/
( cE¨mig;yg; tedpöw&m; NyD;\/ )
----- Ä -----

i&JBuD;&Spfxyf t"dyÜg,ftus,f
y#d o aE¨ tBud r f r sm;qH k ; jzpf & m
umrbH k
orpdwåokwfwGif tZÑwåoHa,m Zeyk'fç A[d'¨oHa,mZe
yk'fwdkY\ tzGifhü cyfodrf;aom owå0g wdkYtm; umrbHkü y#doaE¨
tBurd f tvGerf sm;\? jA[®mb
h ükH y#doaE¨tBurd f tvGeef nf;yg;\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

353

xdkYaMumifh þumrbHkonfomvQif cyfodrf;aom owå0g
wd\
Yk xm0&ae&if; twGi;f t&yf rnf\? jA[®mb
h o
kH nf &Hcg&Hcgom
vSnfhvnf a&mufayguf&m tyÜ"mernf\[k t|uxmü zGifhqdk
ay\/
oH o &mü tyg,f b H k o m; rsm;jcif ;
þodkY t|uxmü zGifhqdkMuaomenf;twdkif;jzifh umrbHk
wGif y#doaE¨tBudrftrsm;qHk;udk a&G;aumufjyefonf&Sdaomf
tyg,fav;bHük trsm;qH;k jzpf\? wpf&mwGif wpfb0ç wpf axmif
wGif wpfb0rQaomfvnf; vlUbHek wf&yfoYkd tvSnrhf usEikd f &SMd u\/
xdkYaMumifh terw*¾oHo&mü cyfodrf;aom owå0gwdkY\
xm0& ae&yfXmeum; tyg,fav;bHkomwnf;? cyfodrf;aom
owå0gwdkYonf oHo&mü trsKd;t½kd;tm;jzifh tyg,fav;bHkol
tyg,fav;bHkom;wdkY csnf;omwnf;/

i&J B uD ; &S p f x yf
xdkYaMumifh terw*¾ oHo&mü cyfodrf;aom owå0gwdkY\
tpOfxm0& usiv
f nfMu&mjzpfaom tyg,fav;bH\
k tjcif;t&m
udk tenf;i,f jyqdkvdkuftHh/
þvlUjynfrS atmuf,lZem wpfaomif;ig;axmif uGmjcm;
aom t&yfrSpí atmufü ,lZemwpfaomif;ig;axmifpD uGmjcm;
vsuf tpOftwdkif; wnf&SdMuukefaom i&JBuD;&Spfjynfaxmif
wdkYonfum;-

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

354

1/ oOÆKd0f; i&JBuD;?
2/ umVokwf i&JBuD;?
3/ oHCmw i&JBuD;?
4/ a&m½k0 i&JBuD;?
5/ r[ma&m½k0 i&JBuD;?
6/ wmye i&JBuD;?
7/ r[mwmye i&JBuD;?
8/ r[mt0Dpd i&JBuD;?
[lí &Spfxyf &SdMuukef\/

1-oOÆdK0f; i&JBuD;\ tjcif;t&mudk jyqdkcef;
oOdÆK0f;i&JrnfyHk/ / tb,faMumifh oOdKÆ 0;f i&J ac:oenf;/
]]oHykeyÜKeH ZD0EÅd {w¬ edAÁwåm owåmxd oODöa0g}}
{w¬=þi&Jü? edAÁwåm=jzpfukefaom? owåm=owå0gteEÅ
wdkYonf? oH ykeyÜKeH=tzefzef? ZD0EÅd=touf&SifMuukef\? £wd=
xdkYaMumifh? oODÆKa0g= oOdÆK0f;rnf\/
oOd Æ K 0f ; i&J
tus,f t 0ef ; ES i f h cH & yH k
þoOdÆK0f;i&JBuD;onf ZrÁL'DyguRef;\ atmufü teuf
,lZemwpf&mç tvsm;çteH ,lZemwpfaomif;us,faom ajr
Orif B uD ; üwnf \ ? tvQH a jymif a jymif awmuf a vmif a om
oHajrtjyif&Sd\? toacsF,s teEÅrQaom i&Jolowå0gwdkYjzifh
jynf\
h /

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

355

i&Jxdef;wdkYonf xef;vHk;cefY yrmP&Sdukefaom tvQHajymif
ajymif awmufavmifukefaom tvGefwpf&m xufvSpGmukefaom
txl;xl; tjym;jym;ukeaf om vufeufvw
HS w
H jYkd zifh ypfcwfx;kd owf
½ku
d yf w
k Mf uukeí
f xdik &Jol owå0gwdu
Yk kd OD;acgif; tydik ;f ydik ;f jywfonf
wdu
Yk kd jyKMuuke\
f ? vnfyif; tydik ;f ydik ;f jywfonfwu
Ykd kd jyKMuuke\
f ?
ajctydik ;f ydik ;f jywfonfwu
Ykd dk jyKMuuke\
f ? oHajrtjyifü vJusuek f
aom i&Joo
l wå0gwdu
Yk kd tvQaH jymifajymif awmufavmifuek af om
BuD;pGmaom oHwif;ykwfwdkYjzifh xkMuukef\? ta&tom; t½dk;
wdkYonf aMurGukef\? aoG;wdkYonf acsmif;uJYodkY pD;ukef\/
xdktvHk;pHkwdkYudk oHajrrSxaom rD;wdkYonf cPcsif; avmif
uRrf;apukefí jymrIefYrQ t<uif;tusef r&SdonfwdkYudk jyKMuukef\?
i&Jol owå0gwdo
Yk nfum; OyygwfZmwdtm;jzifh yuwdjzpfNrJ jzpfMu
&uke\
f /
tMuifrQavmuf rdrdjyKtyfaom tukodkvfuHwdkYonf
ukefjcif;okdY ra&mufao;? xdkrQavmufaom umvywfvHk; tESpf
wpfodef;ç tESpfwpfoef;ç tESpftuka#ç tESpftoacsFyif &Snf
MumMuukefaomfvnf; tzef zef jzpfNrJjzpfíom aeMu&ukef\/
þodkY jzpfíaeMuukefonfwdkYudk ]]tzefzef touf&Sifukef
onf}} [kqdktyfukef\/
ZrÁL'DyguJYodkY ,lZemwpfaomif;us,faom xdki&JtjyifBuD;
onf toacst
F eEÅ rsm;jym;vSaom olyek &f efow
l u
Ykd kd wpfNyKd ief uf
owfjzwf ckwpf if;&m okomefoif;csKid ;f tjyifBu;D uJo
Y Ykd tNrx
J if\/
oOdÆK0f;i&JBuD;\ tjcif;t&mudk jyqdkcef;t>ruf NyD;\/
-------------- Ä --------------

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

356

2/ umVokwfi&JBuD;\ tjcif;t&mudk jyqdkcef;
umVokwfi&JrnfykH/
ac:oenf;/

/ tb,faMumifh umVokwfi&J

]]umVokwåmed ygawwGm 0god y&ok uk'g&D[d
wpäEÅd {w¬ edAÁawå oawåwd umVokawåm}}/
{w¬=þi&Jü? edAÁawå=jzpfukefaom? oawå=owå0gteEÅ
wkdYukd? umVokwåmed=rnf;eufaom rsOf;BudK;wkdYukd? ygawwGm=csí?
0gody&ok uk'g&D[d=yJcGyfç ykqdefç "m;rwkdYjzifh? wpäE=Åd a½GMuukef\?
£wd=xkdaMumifh? umVokawåm=umVokwfi&Jjrnf\/
umVok w f i &J
yrmPES i f h cH p m;&yk H
þi&JBuD;onf oOdÆK0f;i&JBuD;\ atmufü teuf ,lZem
wpf&mç tvsm;teH ,lZemwpfaomif; us,faom ajrOrifBuD;ü
wnf\? tvQHajymifajymif awmufavmifaom oHajrtjyif&Sd\?
toacsF,s teEÅrQaom i&Jolowå0gwdkYjzifhjynfh\/
i&Jxdef;wdkYonf xef;vHk;cefY yrmP&Sdukefaom tvQHajymif
ajymif awmufavmifukefaom tvGefwpf&m xufvSpGmukefaom
txl;xl; tjym;jym;ukeaf om vufeufvw
HS w
H jYkd zifh ypfcwfx;kd owf
½kdufykwfMuukefí xdki&Jol owå0gwdkYudk tvQHajymifajymif
awmufavmifaom oHajrtjyifü vJapukef\/
i&Jxdef;wdkYonf oHajrtjyifü vJusukefaom i&Jolowå0g
wdu
Yk kd xef;vH;k cefY yrmP&Su
d ek af om oHwo
H if;wkjYd zifh oHajrü ESuí
f

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

357

rvIyf rvSufEdkifonfwdkYudk jyKNyD;vQif oHjzifhNyD;aom rnf;eufaom
tqif;½Sdukefaom rsOf;BudK;wdkYjzifh tpif;pif; rsOf;aMumif;rsm;pGm
csukefvsuf tdrfrdk; wjcrf;yrmP½Sdukefaom yJcGyfoGm;ç ykqdefoGm;ç
"g;roGm;wdkYjzifh ½Spfajr§mifh wpfq,fhajcmufajr§mifh ponfjyKí
tvTmtvTm a&Gí csMuuke\
f ? t½k;d ruse&f o
dS nfukd jyKMuuke\
f /
aoG;wdkYonf acsmif;uJhodkY pD;ukef\? oHajrrSxaom rD;wdkY
onf tvHk;pHkudk tukefcPcsif; avmifuRrf;apukefí jymrIefYrQ
t<uif;tusef r&SdonfwdkYudk jyKukef\? i&Jolowå0gwdkYonfum;
OyygwfZmwdtm;jzifh yuwdjzpfNrJ jzpfMuukef\/
tMuifrQavmuf rdrdwdkYjyKtyfaom uHwdkYonf ukefjcif;odkY
ra&mufukefao;? xdkrQavmufaom umvywfvHk; tESpfwpfodef;
tESpw
f pfoef; tESpt
f uka# tESpt
f oacFsyif &SnMf umMuukeaf omf
vnf; tzefzef jzpfíom aeMuukef\/
ZrÁL'DyguJhodkY ,lZemwpfaomif;us,faom xdki&JtjyifBuD;
onf toacF s teEÅ rsm;jym;vS u k e f a om ol y k e f & ef o l w d k Y u d k
wpfNydKifeuf owfjzwf ckwfa&G&m okomefoif;csdKif;tjyifBuD;uJhodkY
tNrx
J if\/
umVokwfi&JBuD;\ tjcif;t&mudk jyqdkcef;t>ruf NyD;\/
------------ Ä ------------

3-oHCmwi&JBuD;\ tjcif;t&mukd jyqdkcef;
oH C mwi&J r nf y H k / / (tb,faMumifh oHCmwi&Jac:
oenf;/)

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

358

r[EÅm Zvdwm ta,myAÁwm oHCmawEÅd
pkPÖ0dpkPÖH ua&mEÅd {w¬ edAÁawå oawåwd oHCmawm/
{w¬=þi&Jü? edAÁawå=jzpfukefaom? oawå=i&Jolowå0g
teEÅwdkYudk? r[EÅm=BuD;us,fukefaom? Zvdwm=tvQHxdefxdef
awmufavmifukefaom? ta,myAÁwm=oHawmifBuD;wdkYonf?
oHCmawEÅd=tzefwvJvJ tNrJBudwf0g;ukef\? pkPÖ0dpkPÖH= rIefYrIefY
nufnufaMuonfukd? ua&mEÅd=jyKukef\? £wd=xdkYaMumifh?
oHCmawm=oHCmwi&Jrnf\/
oH C mwi&J y rmPES i f h cH p m;&yH k
þi&JBu;D onfvnf; umVokwf i&JBu;D \atmufü tapmuf
,l Z emwpf & mç tvsm;teH ,l Z emwpf a omif ; us,f a om
ajrOrifBu;D ü wnf\? tvQaH jymifajymif awmufavmifaom oHajr
tjyif&Sd\? toacsF,s teEÅrsm;vSpGmaom i&Jolowå0gwdkYjzifh
jynf\
h /
xdki&Jolowå0gwdkYonf oHk;*g0kwfrQavmufaom udk,f&SdMu
uke\
f ? atmufoaH jrtwGi;f ü cg;odq
Yk u
kd af tmif jrK§ yí
f xef;awm
Bu;D ayawmBu;D uJo
h Ykd txuftzdjYk zifh rwfwyf&yfpu
kd v
f suf aeMu&
uke\
f ? t&yfav; rsuEf mS wdrYk S tvQaH jymifajymif awmufavmifuek f
aom oHawmifBuD; av;vkH;wdkYonf tvSnfhtvnftm;jzifh tNrJ
xukefí xdki&Jol owå0gwdkYudk bdeif; Budwf0g;ukef\/
tvQaH jymifajymif awmufavmifaom oHawmifBu;D wdo
Yk nf
tvGefjyif;xefaom toHwdkYudk jrnfukefvsuf ta&SUt&yfrS

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

359

xukeí
f i&Jol owå0gwdu
Yk kd w[kew
f nf; bdeif;Buw
d 0f g;í taemuf
t&yfodkY oGm;avukef\? þenf;twl <uif;aom t&yfwdkYrSvnf;
toD;toD; xMuukefí bdeif;Budwf0g;í oGm;Muukef\/
xdki&Jolowå0gwdkYonf rIefYrIefYnufnuf aMuMuavukef\?
aoG;wdYk onf toD;toD; acsmif;pD;ouJo
h jYkd zpfí rD;\t[ket
f m;jzifh
cPcsif;ukefaysmufMuukef\? i&Jolowå0gwdkYonfum; Oyygwf
Zmwdtm;jzifh yuwd jzpfNrJ jzpfMuukef\/
tMuifrQavmuf rdrdjyKtyfaom uHwdkYonf ukefjcif;odkY
ra&mufao;? xdkrQavmufaom umvywfvkH; tESpfwpfodef;
tESpfwpfoef; tESpf tuka# tESpftoacsFyif &SnfMumMuaomf
vnf; tzefzef jzpfNrJjzpfíom aeMu&ukef\/
ZrÁL'DyguJhodkY ,lZemwpfaomif;us,faom xdki&JtjyifBuD;
onf toacsF t eEÅ rsm;jym;vS u k e f a om ol y k e f & ef o l w d k Y u d k
wpfNyKd ief uf qifwjYkd zifh eif;owf&m okomefoif;csKid ;f tjyifBu;D uJo
h Ykd
tNrx
J if\/
oHCmwi&JBuD;\ tjcif;t&mudk jyqdkcef;t>ruf NyD;\/
------- Ä ------4-a&m½k 0 i&J B uD ; \ tjcif ; t&mud k jyqd k c ef ;
a&m½k0 i&JrnfykH/ / (tb,fhaMumifh a&m½k0 i&J ac:oenf;/)
r[aEÅ[d oa'´[d edpöumvH ½k0EÅd {w¬ edAÁwåm owåmwd
a&m½ka0g/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

360

{w¬=þi&Jü? edAÁwåm=jzpfMuukefaom? owåm=owå0gwdkY
onf? r[aEÅ[=d Bu;D pGmukeaf om? oa'´[=d toHwjYkd zif?h edpu
ö mvH=
tcgcyford ;f ? ½k0EÅ=d atmfnm [pfa<u; idak <u; jrnfwrf; Muuke\
f ?
£wd=xdkYaMumifh? a&m½ka0g=a&m½k0i&Jrnf\/
a&m½k 0 i&J 2-rsKd ; /
/ xdka&m½k0 i&Jonf --1/ "kra&m½k0 i&J
2/ Zmva&m½k0 i&J- [lí ESpfyg;tjym;&Sd\/
"k r a&m½k 0 i&J / / "kra&m½k0 qdkonfum;- urÇmywf
vkH;wnfaom tvGefiefonfjzpfí tvGefylavmifaom tcdk;wdkY
jzifh tNrJjynfhaom i&Jwnf;/
þi&Jonfvnf; oHCmwi&JBuD;\atmufü tapmuf
,lZemwpf&mç tvsm;teH ,lZemwpfaomif;us,faom ajrOrif
BuD;üwnf\? tvQHajymifajymif awmufavmifaom oHajrtjyif
&Sd\? toacsF,steEÅ rsm;vSpGmaom owå0gwdkYjzifh jynfh\/
xdik &Jol owå0gwdo
Yk nfvnf; ok;H *g0kwrf Qavmufaom ud,
k f
&Sd\? awmif\twGif;okdY pD;0ifaom acsmif;ajrmif;wdkYuJhokdY xdktcdk;
wdkYonf i&Jolowå0gwdkY\ udk,fwGif;odkY 'Gg&udk;aygufwdkYjzifh tNrJ
0ifukef\? tvGefiefonfh twGufaMumifh wpfudk,fvHk;onf tem
wdkYudk qm;a&wdkYjzifh avmif;bdouJhodkY rcHr&yfEdkifaom usdef;pyf
usifemjcif;ESifh tNrJ,SOf\/
tvGeyf al vmifonfh twGuaf Mumifv
h nf; wpfu,
kd v
f ;kH onf
td;k ü xnfí
h &Sm;rD;us;D pk\ tay:ü ESyd í
f xm;tyfaom tom;wH;k
uJo
h jYkd zpfí 'kuj© yif;xefpmG jzpf\? jyif;xefaom toHwjYkd zifh tNrv
J Qif

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

361

[pfatmfidka<u;í aeMu&ukef\/
tMuifrQavmuf rdrdwdkYjyKtyfaom tukodkvfuHwdkYonf
rukeMf u ukeaf o;? xdrk Qavmufaom umvywfv;Hk tESpw
f pfoed ;f
tESpw
f pfoef; tESpt
f uka# tESpt
f oacsyF if ½SnMf umMuukeaf omf
vnf; xdk'ku©rS ruRwf rvGwfMu&ukef/
ZrÁL'DyguhJodkY ,lZemwpfaomif;us,faom xdki&JtjyifBuD;
onf toacsFteEÅrsm;jym;vSukefaom olykef&efolwdkYudk ,rf;rD;
½SL;tdk; rD;avmifwdkufjzifh zkwfNrd§Kufokwfoif&m okomefoif; csdKif;
BuD;uhJodkY tNrJxif\/
a&m½k0i&JBuD;\ tjcif;t&mudk jyqdkcef;t>rufNyD;\/
--- Ä ---

5-r[ma&m½k0i&JBuD;\ tjcif;t&mudkjyqdkcef;
Zmva&m½k 0 i&J
Zmva&m½k0 i&JBu;D udk r[ma&m½k0qdo
k nf? xdik &JBu;D üum;
awmif\twGi;f odYk pD;0ifvmaom acsmif;ajrmif;wdu
Yk o
Jh Ykd xdik &Jüjzpf
Muukeaf om i&Joo
l wå0gwd\
Yk ud,
k cf E¨mwGi;f odYk 'Gg&ud;k aygufwrYkd S
rD;awmufr;D vQw
H o
Ykd nf tNr0J ifí wpfu,
kd v
f ;Hk udk avmifuek \
f [lí
qdk½kHrQom xl;awmhonf? t<uif; qdkzG,frSm "kra&m½k0twdkif;
qdkav/
r[ma&m½k0 i&JBuD;\ tjcif;t&mudk jyqdkcef;t>rufNyD;\/
---- Ä ----

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

362

6-wmye i&JBuD;\ tjcif;t&mudk jyqdkcef;
wmyernfykH/ / tb,fhaMumifh wmyei&J ac:oenf;/
edpöav oawå wmaywDwd wmyaem/
ed p ö a v=vI y f ½ S m jcif ; r½S d u k e f a om? oawå = owå 0 gwd k Y u d k ?
wmaywd= ylavmifapwwf\? £wd=xdkYaMumifh? wmyaem=wmye
i&Jrnf\/
þwmye i&JBuD;vnf; r[ma&m½k0i&JBuD;\ atmufü
tapmuf ,lZemwpf&mç tvsm;teH ,lZemwpfaomif;us,af om
ajrOrifBu;D ü wnf\? tvQaH jymifajymif awmufavmifaom oHajr
tjyif½\
dS ? toacs,
F s teEÅ rsm;vSpmG ukeaf om i&Jol owå0gwdjYk zifh
jynf\
h /
xdki&Jolowå0gwdkYonf udk,ft*FgwdkYü tvQHajymifajymif
awmufavmifukefaom oHwHusif wifvQdKvsuf jzpfMu&ukefonf
jzpfí wpfpw
Hk pfcak om ud,
k t
f *FgvIy½f mS ;jcif;udrk Q jyKjcif;iSg rwwf
Edik Mf uuke?f atmufoH ajrrSvnf;aumif;ç oHwu
H siw
f rYkd v
S nf;aumif;
rD;awmufrD;vQHwdkYonf x ukefí xdki&Jol owå0gwdkYudk tNrJvQif
avmifNrd§Kufukef\/
tMuifrQavmuf rdrdwdkYjyKtyfaom tukodkvfuHwdkYonf
ukefjcif;odkY ra&mufukefao;? xdkrQavmufaom umvywfvkH;
tESpfwpfodef; tESpfwpfoef; tESpftuka# tESpftoacsFyif
½SnfMumMuukefaomfvnf; xdk'ku©rS rvGwfMu&ukef/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

363

ZrÁL'DyguhJodkY ,lZemwpfaomif;us,faom xdki&JtjyifBuD;
onf toacst
F eEÅrsm;jym;vSuek af om olyek &f efow
l u
Ykd kd oHwu
H sif
vQKdwifí xm;&mjzpfaom okomefoif;csdKif;BuD;uhJodkY tNrJxif\/
wmyei&JBuD;\ tjcif;t&mudkjyqdkcef; t>rufNyD;\/
--- Ä ---

7-r[mwmye i&JBuD;\ tjcif;t&mudk jyqdkcef;
r[mwmyernf y k H/ / tb,fhaMumifh r[mwmyei&J
ac:oenf;/
]]r[aEÅm wmyaem r[mwmyaem}}/
r[aEÅm=yXrwmyei&JBuD;xuf 'ku©tzdkYtm;jzifh jyif;xef
BuD;us,fvSaom? wmyaem='kwd, wmyei&JBuD;onf? r[m
wmyaem=r[mwmye i&Jrnf\/
þi&JBuD;onfvnf; wmyei&JBuD;\atmufü tapmuf
,lZemwpf&mç tvsm;teH ,lZemwpfaomif;us,faom ajrOrif
Bu;D rSmwnf\? tvQaH jymifajymif awmufavmifaom oHajrtjyif
½Sd\? toacsF,s teEÅ rsm;jym;vSpGmaom i&Jolowå0gwdkYjzifh
jynf\
h /
þi&JBuD;ü tvQHajymifajymif awmufavmifukefaom
tvGefBuD;rm; vSpGmukefaom oHawmifBuD;wdkYonf ½Sdukef\?
oHawmifBu;D wd\
Yk ywfvnf0ef;usif oHajrtjyifwüYkd xef;awmBu;D
oP²mef ayawmBuD;oP²mefwdkYuhJodkY oHajrrS xukefaom tvGef
xufaom tzsm;½Su
d ek af om tvQaH jymifajymif awmufavmifuek f

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

364

aom oHwpH çYkd oHwu
H siçf oHcReBf u;D ç oHwikd Bf u;D wdo
Yk nf pdu
k x
f v
l suf
½SMd uuke\
f /
i&Jxdef;wdkYonf tvQHajymifajymif awmufavmifaom
vufeufwdkYjzifh ½dkufESufykwfcwfukefvsuf i&Jolowå0gwdkYudk
oHawmifBuD;wdkY\ tay:odkY wufajy;apMuukef\? i&Jolowå0g
wdkYonf rcHr&yfEdkifMuukefonfjzpfí tvQHajymifajymif awmuf
avmifaom oHawmifBuD;wdkYodkY wufMu&ukef\/
awmifxdyfodkY usa&mufMuukefaomtcg jyif;xefpGmvm
ukefaom avwdkYonf xdki&Jolowå0gwdkYudk wdkufvTifhukef\?
i&Jolowå0gwdkYonf vGifhygMuukefí awmifajcwdkYü pdkufxlvsuf
½SdMuukefaom oHwHusifwdkY\ tay:odkY OD;acgif;apmufxdk;
usMuavukef\? wHcGefwdkifwdkYtzsm;ü pGyfí xm;tyfukefaom
*VKe½f yk f e*g;½kyf [oFm½kyw
f u
Ydk o
Jh Ykd oHwu
H siw
f \
Ykd txufü pGyv
f suf
rjrif0hH r½I0Hh wvGefYvGefY wvufvufawGjzpfí aeMuukef\/
wzef i&Jxdef;wdkYonf tvQHajymifajymif awmufaom
oHvSHwHwdkYjzifh xdk;í atmufoHajrtjyifodkY usa&mufapMuukefí
txl;xl; tjym;jym;aom vufeufwdkYjzifh ½dkufESufykwfcwfNyD;vQif
tvQw
H ajymifajymif awmufavmifaom rD;twdNy;D aom oHawmif
BuD;wdkYodkY wufapMuukef\? awmifxdyfodkY a&mufMuukefjyefvQif
jyif;pGmaom avwdjYk zifh wdu
k v
f iT jhf cif;wdjYk zifh oHwpH BYkd u;D wd\
Yk tay:odYk
usMu&uke\
f /

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

365

þodkYvQif tMuifrQavmufaom umvywfvkH; rdrdwdkYjyK
tyfaom raumif;rIuHwdkYonf ukefjcif;odkY ra&mufukefao;?
xdrk Qavmufaom umvywfv;Hk jyqdck NJh y;D aom enf;twdik ;f tm;jzifh
om tjyefjyeftvSefvSef cHaeMu&ukef\? tESpfwpfodef; tESpf
wpfoef; tESpftuka# tESpf toacsFyif MumMuukefaomfvnf;
xdk'ku©rS ruRwfrvGwfMu&ukef/

rdef;rwdkYü rD; 7-yg;
]]vifukd Edik w
f wfaom rde;f rwdo
Yk nf þi&JBu;D ü usa&muf
Muukefonf}} [lí oHudpöZmwf ü a[mawmfrl\/
t*Fkw¬dK&fygVdawmfüvnf;--rdef;rwdkYü twGif;rD; oHk;yg;ç tyrD; av;yg;½Sdonf[lí
a[mawmfrl\/

twGif;rD;oHk; 3-yg;
avmbç a'goç arm[[laom twGif;rD;oHk;yg; xif½Sm;NyD/

tyrD; 4-yg;
1/ trdonf rD;wpfyg;?
2/ tbonf rD;wpfyg;?
3/ vifonf rD;wpfyg;?
4/ jrwfaomtvSLcH yk*¾dKvfonf rD;wpfyg;?
[lí tyrD;av;yg; jzpf\/
avmuü yuwdrD;onf ½kdaoojzifh ae&musoHk;pJGwwfMu
ukefrlum; touf½Snfjcif;\ aqmufttHkBuD;wpfyg; jzpf\?

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

366

r½dkraojyKcJhMuukefrlum; toufcE¨mukdyif cPcsif; qHk;½IH;apEkdif
uke\
f /
xdt
Yk wl rde;f rjzpforl mS vnf; xdt
k yrD;av;yg;wdu
Yk kd ½dak opGm
jyKMuygrlum; ok*wdbHkü touf½Snfí vlUjynfpkefqef ewfjynf
pkefqef aeMuukef\? tyrD;av;yg;wdkYukd r½dkrao rxDav;pm;
jyKMuukerf u
l m; ok*wdbo
kH uf b0ouf ysuq
f ;kH í þr[mwmye
i&JBuD;ü aeMu&ukef\/
vif u d k ½ k d a ojcif ; tusKd ;
r[mem&' Zmwfürlum;- vifudk ½kdaoavh½Sdaom rdef;r
wdkYonf tvdk½Sdaomf a,musfm; b0udk tjref&Edkifukef\? vifukd
½dak oavhr½Sad om rde;f rwdo
Yk nfum; a,musmf ;b0udk r&Ekid u
f ek Nf yD
[lí a[mawmfrl\/
þodkY a[mawmfrlaom ygVdawmfBuD;oHk;yg;udk Mum;odMu&
ukefaom 'g,dumrtaygif;wdkYonf xm0&qufqHMuukefaom
tyrD;BuD;av;yg;wdkY\ BuD;us,fpGmaom ab;b,'ku©wdkYudk
tjrJowd½SdMuapukef&m\? vGefcJhNyD;aom tjypfwdkYukd ½kdaocç&rf;
awmif ; yef u ef a wmh M uuk e f í aemuf ü touf ½ S n f M umorQ
umvywfvHk; ½dkaoavhjyKMuukefonf½Sdaomf vGefcJhorQaom
tjypfwdkYonf yaysmufukef\/
r[mwmyei&JBuD;\ tjcif;t&mukdjyqdkcef;
t>rufNy;D \/
--------- Ä ---------

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

367

8-r[mt0pDi&JBuD;\ tjcif;t&mudkjyqdkcef;
t0DpdrnfyHk/ / ,cktcg atmufqHk;jzpfaom r[mt0Dpd
i&JBuD;ukd jyqdk&m\/
(tb,faMumifh r[mt0Dpdi&J rnfoenf;/)
t*d¾ZmvmeH 0g owåmeH 0g a0'emeH 0g ew¬d
0Dpd tEÅ&H{w¬mwd t0Dpd/
{w¬=þi&Jü? t*¾dZmvmeH 0g=rD;awmuf rD;vQHwdkY\vnf;
aumif;? owåmeH 0g=i&Jolowå0gwdkY\vnf;aumif;? a0'emeH 0g=
cH&aom 'ku©a0'emwdkY\vnf;aumif;? 0Dpd tEÅ&H=tMum;tvyf
onf? ew¬d=r½Sd? £wd= xdkYaMumifh? t0Dpd=t0Dpdi&Jrnf\/
t0D p d wnf a eyk H
þi&J B uD ; onf v nf ; r[mwmyei&J B uD ; \ atmuf ü
tapmuf,lZemwpf&mç tvsm;teH ,lZemwpfaomif;us,faom
ajrOrifBu;D ü odvmyx0D\ tay:rSm wnf\? tv,fü i&JBu;D \
av;axmifhnDrQaom twGif;t&yfonf ta½SUtaemuf,lZem
wpf&mç awmifajrmuf,Zl emwpf&mç txufatmuf ,lZemwpf&m
pD½\
dS ? tvsm;,lZemwpf&mç tjrif,
h Zl emwpf&mç txk ud;k ,lZem
pD½Sdaom oHwHwdkif;BuD;wdkYonf t&yfav;rsufESmwdkYü um&Hvsuf
½Su
d ek \
f ? tvsm;,lZemwpf&mç teH,Zl emwpf&mç txku;kd ,lZem
pD½Sdaom oHjym;BuD;ESpfckwdkYonf txufatmuf ydwfqdkYvsuf
½Su
d ek \
f /

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

368

i&J ü rD ; vQH tquf r jywf j zpf y k H
av;rsuf ESmwdkYü wHcg;av;&yfwdkYonf vnf ; ½S d uk ef \?
atmufoHajrrSvnf;aumif;ç txufoHajrrSvnf;aumif;ç oHwH
wdkif; av;ckwdkYrSvnf;aumif; xGufukefaom rD;awmuf rD;vQH
wdo
Yk nftwGi;f odv
Yk nf;aumif;ç tyodv
Yk nf;aumif; ,lZem wpf&m
pD tNrJysHUESHYMuukef\? ta½SUtaemuf,lZem okH;&mwpf q,fh½Spfç
awmif ajrmuf ok;H &mwpfq,f½h pS çf txufatmuf ok;H &m wpfq,fh
½Spftm;jzifh ,lZem udk;&mig;q,fhav;½Sdaom t&yftwGif;ü
rD;awmufrD;vQHr½Sdaom ae&mXme[lí vufwpfopfrQ uGufvyf
r½S/d
þum; xdki&Jü rD;awmufrD;vQHwdkY\ tMum;tvyf r½SdykHwnf;/
i&J ü owå 0 gcsif ; quf a eyk H
oHwikd af v;ckw\
Ykd twGi;f ü qif;&JcaH eMu&ukeaf om owå0g
wdkYonf oHaowåmBuD;twGif;ü rkefnif;aphwdkYudk odyfESufxm;tyf
ukefouhJodkY todyf tESuf tNrJjynfhvsuf½Sdukef\/
þum; xdki&Jü owå0gwdkY\ tMum;tvyf r½SdykHwnf;/
i&J ü 'k u © a 0'em
tquf r jywf j zpf a eyk H
xdkowå0gwdkY\ twGif;ty udk,fcE¨m wpfckvkH;wdkYüvnf;
aumif;ç xdki&JodkY usa&mufaom cPrSpí tESpfwpfodef; tESpf
wpfoef; tESpftuka# tESpftoacsF touf½SnforQ umv
twGif;üvnf;aumif; tvGefjyif;xefaom'ku©ç a'greówdkYrS

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

369

vpfvyfaom tcGifh[lí rsufawmifwpfcwfrQ r½Sd/
þum; xdki&Jü 'ku©a0'emwdkY\ tMum;tvyf r½SdykHwnf;/
uH\tpGrf; OyygwfcE¨mwdkY\ tpGrf;jzpfMuukefívnf;
aeYpOftwdkif; xdkrQavmufru usa&mufí aeukefaomfvnf;
rqefYonf[lí r½Sd/
r[mt0Dpdi&JBuD;\ tjcif;t&mudk jyqdkcef; t>rufNyD;\/
i&JBuD;½Spfxyf NyD;\/
----- Ä -----

Oó'i&JBuD; ig;xyfudk jyqdkcef;
1-bif y k y f i &J
i&JrBuD;rSxGufaom rD;awmufrD;vQHwdkY\ tqkH;ü teuf
teH,Zl emwpf&m½Sad om bifyyk if &Jonf xdik &JrBu;D udk ½Sprf suEf mS rS
ywf0dkufí wnf\? urÇmESifhtrQwnfaom rpifykyf yifv,fBuD;
wnf;? xdb
k ifyyk if &J\ teHo
Y nf twGi;f odv
Yk nf;aumif;ç tjyifoYkd
vnf;aumif; ,lZemwpf&mpD ysHUESHY\? xdkteHYonf ty,lZem
wpf&müaeaom yuwdvludk &ifuGJí aoavmufatmif ESdyfpuf
Edik \
f ? xdrk pifbifyyk f i&Jonf tvGex
f ufaom oHEw
I o
f ;D ½SMd uukef
aom ydk;avmufwdkYjzifh jynfh\? xdkydk;avmufwdkYonf tcsdKUum;
qif\vnfyif;cefY ½SdMuukef\? tcsdKUum; vkH;xGif;avScefY ½SdMu
uke\
f /

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

370

2-jymyl i &J
bifykyfi&JrS xGufaom teHYwdkY\ ysHUESHY&m ,lZem wpf&m\
tqk;H ü teufteH,Zl emwpf&m½Sad om jymyli&Jonf xdb
k ifyyk if &J\
jyifyü t&yf ½Sprf suEf mS ywf0u
kd í
f wnf\? urÇmywfv;Hk wnfaom
&J&NJ iad om jymyl yifv,fBu;D wnf;? xdjk ymyl i&JrS xGuaf om tyl½edS w
f Ykd
onf twGif;tywdkYü ,lZemwpf&m ysHUESHYukef\? ,lZemwpf&mü
aeaom yuwdvludk cPcsif; avmifuRrf;apEdkifukef\/
3-vuf y H a wmi&J
xdjk ymyli&Jrx
S u
G af om tyl½edS w
f \
Ykd ysUH ES&YH m tqk;H ü teH,Zl em
wpf&mç tjrifh,lZemwpf&m½Sdaom vufyH awmBuD;onf xdkjymyl
i&Jukd t&yf½pS rf suEf mS wdüYk ywf0u
kd v
f suf wnf\? vufyyH ifwo
Ykd nf
oHjzifhNyD;aom tvGefxufvSpGmaom tql;wdkYjzifh jynfhukef\?
xm;oefvsufwdkYjzifhNyD;aom t½GufwdkYjzifh zkH;vTrf;tyfukef\?
atmufürlum; oif"kef;oGm;wdkYjzifh pDtyfaom ajrtjyif½Sd\? qif
aumifBu;D i,f yrmP½Su
d ek af om acG; us;D vif;wwd\
Yk ae&mXme
jzpf\/
4-oef v suf ½ G u f i&J
xdv
k ufyaH wmi&J\ jyifyü vufyaH wmBu;D ESihf tvm;wlpmG
teH,lZemwpf&mç tjrifh,lZemwpf&m½Sdaom todywårnfaom
opfyifawmBuD;onf xdkvufyHawmBuD;udk t&yf½SpfrsufESmwdkYü
ywf0u
kd í
f wnf\? xdo
k pfyifw\
Ykd t&Guw
f o
Ykd nfum; oefvsuEf iS hf

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

371

wlaom oP²mef½u
dS ek \
f ? o&uf&u
G o
f P²mef qdv
k o
kd nf? t<uif;rSm
vufyHawmi&JESifh tvkH;pkH wl\/
5-Bud r f y d k u f a csmif ; i&J
todywåawmBuD;\ tjyifyü tvGefiefaom a&½Sdaom
a0w&PDrnfaom jrpfBuD;onf xdktodywåawmBuD;udk t&yf½Spf
rsufESmwdkYü ywf0dkufvsuf wnf\? xdkjrpfBuD;\ txuftjyifü
tvGefxufaom oHql;oH&GufwdkYjzifhjynfhaom xef;vkH;yrmP½Sd
ukefaom BudrfEG,fwdkYonf urf;ESpfzufESifhwuG ydkufuGef wdkYjzifh
jzefYMuufbdouhJodkY arS;,Sufvsuf wnfukef\/
¤if;Burd Ef ,
G w
f \
Ykd atmufü xef;vH;k Bu;D ayyifv;Hk Bu;D yrmP
½Sdukefaom tvGefxufaom tzsm;½Sdukefaom oHwHusifwdkYonf
jrpfjyif wpfckvkH;ü pdkufvsuf½Sdukef\/
¤if;oHwu
H siw
f \
Ykd atmufü a&tjyifukd zk;H vTr;f vsuf oif"ek ;f
oGm;wdkYuhJodkYxufaom oHql;oH&GufwdkYjzifhjynfhaom Mum½dk; Mum
&GufwdkYonf jrpfjyifwpfckvkH;ü wnfukef\/
¤if;Mum½dk;Mum&GufwdkY\atmufü tvGefiefvSpGmaom
jrpfa&onf pD;oGm;vsuf½Sd\? ¤if;a0w&PDjrpfBuD;\ 0J,murf;
wavQmufwüYkd oHcRef oHq;l wdu
Yk kd pdu
k í
f xm;bdouho
J Ykd tvGex
f uf
aom tzsm;½Su
d ek af om tañ§mufwjYkd zifh jynfu
h ek af om oref;jruf
awm aygif;um;jrufawm BudrfawmwdkYonf wnf½Sdukef\/
]]bif
ó'g}} [lí
bifç jymç vufç oef? jrpft&H? ig;wefOó'g}
qdt
k yfaom bifyyk if &Jç jymyli&Jç vufyaH wmi&Jç oefvsuf awmi&Jç

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

372

Budrfydkufacsmif;i&J [laom Oó'i&JBuD; ig;&yfwnf;/
vlw&Ykd mG wGif rif;aejynfjzpfaom NrKd UrBu;D ü av;axmifh pyfpyf
usKH;BuD;ig;xyf 0ef;&HywfouhJodkY tv,fi&JrBuD;udk ywfukefaom
Oó' i&JBuD; ig;xyfwdkYwnf;/
( Oó'i&JBuD; ig;xyf NyD;\/ )
--- Ä ---

i&Jolowå0gwdkY 'ku©cH&ykH
i&Jolowå0gwdkY 'ku©cH&ykHudk tenf;i,fjyqdkOD;thH--þvljY ynf ewfjynfwrYkd S wpfcak omuHjzifh r[mt0Dpd i&JrBu;D
twGi;f odYk a&mufMuukeaf om olwo
Ykd nf tESpw
f pfoed ;f ponfjzifh
r[mt0Dpd 'ku©udk cHMuí--bif y k y f i &J ü cH & yk H
tMuiftcgü Oó'i&J'ku©udk cHvSnfhqdkufukef\? xdktcg
xdo
k w
l o
Ykd nf r[mt0Dpd wHcg;Bu;D rS xGucf iG &hf Muukeí
f rD;awmuf
rD;vQw
H rYkd S vGwjf cif;iSg ajy;vmMuuke&f m bifyyk if &JwiG ;f odYk usa&muf
Muuke\
f /
usa&mufumrQü jyqdkchJNyD;aom ydk;avmufwdkYonf 0dkif;rd
ukef\? ta&pk tom;pk rsufvkH;OD;aESmuf tqkwf tonf;
tp½So
d nfwu
Ykd dk tukex
f ;kd qGí pm;aomufMuukeNf y;D vQif t½d;k wdu
Yk kd
azmufcGJí ½dk;wGif; jcifqDwdkYudk pm;aomufNyD;rS pGefYvTwfMuukef\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

373

jymyl i &J ü cH & yH k
i&Jolowå0gwdkYonf xdkae&müyifvQif yuwdjzpfNrJ jzpfMu
jyefukef\? þodkYaomenf;jzifh ESpfaygif;taomif;rsm;pGm todef;
rsm;pGm cHMuukefNyD;í bifykyfi&JBuD;rS xGufcGifh&Muukefaomtcg
ydk;wkdY\'ku© bifykyf'ku©wdkYrS vGwfjcif;iSg ajy;vmMuukef&m jymyl
i&JwGif;ü usa&mufMuukef\/
usa&mufumrQwGif jymylücstyfaom rkefYnif;aphwdkYuJhodkY
jzpfjzpf jzpfjzpf rnfukefí ysm;za,mif;cJwdkYuJhodkY t½dk;tom;
tm;vHk; tukefaMurGavukef\? xdkae&müyifvQif yuwdjzpfNrJ
jzpfMujyefukef\/
vuf y H a wmi&J ü cH & yH k
þodaYk omenf;jzifh ESpaf ygif; taomif;rsm;pGm tode;f rsm;pGm
cHMuukefNyD;í jymyli&JBuD;rS xGufcGifh&Muukefaomtcg jymyl'ku©rS
vGwjf cif;iSg ajy;vmMuuke&f m vufyaH wm i&JwiG ;f odYk qdu
k af &muf
vmMuuke\
f /
qdkufa&mufumrQü vufyH&GufwdkYonf xdkolwdkY\ OD;acgif;
xufü "m;rdk; vSHrdk;BuD; &GmouJhodkY a<uMuavukef\? udk,fcE©m
wdkYonf aoG;cJ aoG;wHk; twd jzpfMuavukef\? jyqdkcJhNyD; aom
acG; us;D vif;wwdo
Yk nf pm;jcif;iSg twif;0dik ;f Muuke\
f ? oif"ek ;f oGm;
twdNyD;aom ajrü ajy;oGm;Mu&ukef\? oif"kef;oGm;wdkY\ pl;½SrI
'ku©aMumifh ajrüvJusukefaom olwdkYudk acG; usD; vif;wwdkYonf
t½dk;rQusefonfudkjyKí pm;aomufMuukef\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

374

tcsdKUaomolwdkYonf vufyHyifodkY wufMuukef\? vufyH
ql;wdkYonf atmufodkYvSnfhí ckcHukef\? wpfudk,fvkH;ü pl;½Sukef
vsuyf if wufMu&uke\
f ? tcGoaYkd &mufMuavuke\
f ? tcGoaYkd &muf
MuumrQü vufyH&GufwdkYonf OD;acgif;xufüvnf;aumif;ç xdkxdk
ud,
k t
f *Fgxufov
Ykd nf;aumif; "m;rd;k vSrH ;kd &Gmouho
J Ykd a<uusuek í
f
wpfudk,fvkH;ü tayguftjywfwdkYjzifh jynfhonfwdkYudk jyKukef\?
i&Jolowå0gwdkYonf vufyH&Guf'ku©udk rcHr&yfEdkif Muukefojzifh
wpfzefqif; vmMu&ukef\? vufyHql;wdkYonf txufodkY vSnfhí
ckcHMuukef\? wpfudk,fvkH;ü pl;½Sukefvsufyif qif;vmMu&ukef\
ajrodkYa&mufMuavukef\? ajrodkYa&mufMuumrQü acG;wdkYonf
pm;jcif;iSg twif;0dkif;Muukefí t½dk;rQ usefukefonfudk jyKí
pm;aomufMuukef\? wpfzef jzpfNrJ jzpfMu&jyefukef\/
oH v suf a wmi&J ü cH & yk H
þodkYaomenf;jzifh ESpfaygif; taomif;rsm;pGm todef;rsm;
pGm cHMu&ukefNyD;í xdki&JrS xGufcGifh&Muukefaom olwdkYonf
oefvsufawmi&JodkY 0ifa&mufMu&avukef\/
þoefvsufawmi&Jü 'ku©cHMu&ykHrSm vufyHawmi&JESifh
rxl;vS MuukefNyD? tyifüql;½Sd r½SdrQom xl;Muukef\/
Bud r f y d k u f a csmif ; i&J ü cH & yk H
þodkYaomenf;jzifh ESpfaygif; taomif;rsm;pGm todef;rsm;
pGm 'kuc© MH uukeNf y;D í oefvsuaf wmi&JrS vGwcf iG &hf Muukeaf omtcg
xdki&J'ku©rS vGwfjcif;iSg ajy;vmMuukef&m a0w&PDjrpfteD;odkY

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

375

qdkufa&mufvmukef\/
tql;½Sdaom jrufawmBudrfawmwdkYudk jrifMuí rwdk;0hHMu
½SdaeMuukef&m i&Jxdef;wdkYonf wkwf vSHwHwdkYjzifh ypfcwfMuukefí
tql;½Sad om jrufawm Burd af wmwdo
Yk Ykd ajy;apMuuke\
f ? ajcz0g;rS
cg;wdik af tmif pl;½Sjywfowfjcif;'kuo
© Ykd a&mufMuukeí
f roGm;Edik ½f dS
aeMuukef&m i&Jxdef;wdkYonf wkwfvSHwHwdkYjzifh ypfcwfMuukefí
a0w&PDjrpftwGi;f odYk qif;apuke\
f ? qif;MuumrQü tvQaH jymif
ajymifawmufavmifaom Burd Ef ,
G Bf urd &f u
G f Burd q
f ;l wd\
Yk tay:ü
usa&mufMuukefí wpfudk,fvkH;ü pl;½Sjywfowfaom 'ku©jzifh
rxEdkifMuukefrlí wvGefYvufvuf aeMuavukef\/
wpfzefBudrfEG,fwdkYrS atmufodkYavQmusMuukefonf½Sdaomf
atmufü ½Sdaeaom oHwHusifwdkY\ tay:odkYus a&mufMuukefí
ig;wdu
Yk kd 0g;wHpjYkd zifh xd;k oDí xm;bdouho
J Ykd oHwu
H siw
f üYkd wvGev
Yf eG Yf
wvufvuf aeMu&uke\
f ? wzefow
H u
H siw
f rYkd S atmufoaYkd vQmus
Muukeo
f nf½adS omf atmufü ½Sad eaom Mum&Gut
f jyifoYkd usa&muf
Muukefí Mum½dk;Mum&GufwdkY\ pl;½Sjywfowfjcif;wdkYjzifh udk,fcE¨m
wdo
Yk nf xm;vSv
H ufeufwjYkd zifh vS;D jzwf awmufreT ;f í xm;tyfuek f
bdouho
J Ykd eDe&D &J aJ oG;wk;H aoG;cJ tom;wk;H tom;cJ temwk;H temcJ
twdjzpfí wnfMuavukef\/
wpfzefxrkd aS tmufoYkd avQmusMuukeo
f nf½adS omf tvGecf g;
iefvSpGmukefaom jrpfa&ü usa&mufMuavukefí tvGefjyif;xef
aom 'ku©a0'emwdkYjzifh vl;vmpkefqef epfrGef;arsmyg;í aeMu&
uke\
f /

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

376

½SnfpGmaom ESpfumvwdkYudk vGefonf½Sdaomf xdki&Jowå0g
wdkYudk i&Jxdef;wdkYonf oHcsdwfwdkYjzifh csdwfiifí jrpfurf;xdyfodkY
wifNyD;vQif tb,fudk tvdk½SdMuukefoenf;[k ar;Muukef\?
xrif;udk tvdk½Sdygonfç a&udk tvkd½Sdygonf[k toD;oD; ajymMu
uke\
f /
xdktcg &J&Jawmufaom oHawGcJwdkYudk xrif;[líç &J&J
awmufaom oHy&l nfwu
Ykd kd a&[lí ay;Muuke\
f ? rpm;0hH raomuf
0hH ½Sad eMuuke&f m oHwu
H siw
f jYkd zifh cHwiG ;f wdu
Yk kd twif;zGihf apukeí
f
xdkoHawGcJ oHyl&nfwdkYudk cHwGif;wdkYodkY avmif;Muav ukef\?
xdkoHawGcJ oHyl&nfwdkYonf i&Jol owå0g wdkY\ EIwfcrf; cHwGif;
vnfacsmif; tonf; ttlwdkYudk tukefavmifukefvsuf atmuf
'Gg&rS xGufoGm;ukef\/
wpfzef i&Jü uHrukefao;olwdkYudk i&Jxdef;wdkYonf ajcudk
udkifí tv,fi&JrBuD;twGif;odkY ypfcsukef\? i&JrBuD;twGif;ü
tESpfwpfodef; ponfjzifh uHrukeforQ cHaeNrJ cHaeMu&ukef\/
i&JrBuD;rSxGufí jyqdkchJNyD;aom enf;tm;jzifh Oó'i&J
ig;xyfwo
Ykd Ykd tpOftwdik ;f a&mufMu&uke\
f ? uHrukecf v
Jh Qif tjyef
wpf&myif ½SdMuukefaomfvnf; vGwfcGifhr&Muavukef/
umarok r d p ä m pm&uH a Mumif h
t0D p d i &J ü jzpf & yk H
tcsdKUaom olwdkYonfum; i&JrBuD; twGif;ü usa&mufí
tESpw
f pfoed ;f tESpw
f pfoef; tESpt
f uka# tESpt
f oacsF ponf

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

377

jzihf cHaeMu&ukefí uHukefojzifh i&JrBuD;rSvGwfí vlYjynf ewf
jynfü jzpfvmMuuke\
f ? bk&m;vufxufawmfü om0w¬jd ynf Bu;D ½Sif
bk&ifaumovrif;BuD;\ rv’dumrdzk&m;BuD;uhJodkYwnf;/
rv’ d u mrd z k & m; Oyrm
xdkrdzk&m;BuD;onf tvGefo'¨g ynm tvdrfrmw&m;ESifh
jynfhpkH\? aumovrif;BuD;ESifh twlwuG wpfqlwpfqlaom
bk&m;vufxufwGif wpfBudrfom½SdNrJjzpfaom r[mto'do
tvSLBuD;udk ay;vSL&\? toufxufqkH; bk&m;udpö oHCmudpö
wdEYk iS o
hf m aeY&ufwu
Ykd kd ukeaf p\? xdo
k jYkd zpfygaomfvnf; ykxZk Ofpw
d f
jzpfvsuf½SdacsaomaMumifh wpfoufvkH;wGif wpfBudrfwpfcgrQ
umarok rdpmä pm&trIü om,mpdwjf zpfr\
d ? aumovbk&ifrif;Bu;D
tm;vnf; rdrdtjypfudk uG,fjcif;iSg r[kwfrrSefaompum;udk
ajymqdkrd\/
aoaomtcgü xdkrQavmufaom ukodkvftxkwdkYonf
ru,fEdkifMuukefrlí xdktenf;i,frQaom umarokrdpämpm&ü
om,mrdaom uHonf r[mto'do'geBuD;½Sifjzpfaom rv’dum
rdzk&m;BuD;udk r[mt0Dpdi&JBuD;ü ypfcsav\/
odkYaomfvnf; rdrdtvdkESifhjzpf&aomuH r[kwf? olwpfyg;
ya,m*ESijhf zpf&onfukd tenf;i,fom,mpdwf yg&Srd o
d nft
h wGuf
rQjzpfí ckepf&ufajrmufwGif r[mt0Dpdi&JrSvGwfí wkodwmewf
jynfü jzpfav\/
rdef;rwdkYü rdrdvifrSwpfyg; tjcm;udk usL;vGefrIrnfonf
þrQavmuf tjypfBuD;us,fvS\? ykxkZOfpdwfjzpfí rvGwfruif;

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

378

½SdchJvQif ]]umarok rdpämpm&ma0&rPd odu©my'H orm'd,mrd}}
[laom odum© yk'u
f kd wif;wif;MuyfMuyf xde;f odr;f í wpfaeYwpfaeY
vQif ykwD;pdwfouhJodkY EIwfjzifhvnf;aumif;ç pdwfjzifhvnf;aumif;
tcgrsm;pGm aqmufwnfí wpfu,
kd v
f ;Hk xkcH o
Jh nf½adS omf av;vQif
vnf;ayghwwf\? ayghvQifvnf; yaysmufwwf\? owdrlMuav
uke/f
vlYjynf ewfjynfwdkYrS xdkxdkOó'i&Jü usa&mufukefaom
tcsKd Uaom olwo
Ykd nfvnf; uHuek cf o
Jh nf½adS omf us&mOó'i&JrS
vGwfvQif vlYjynf ewfjynfü jzpf&ukef\? awrdrif;uhJodkYwnf;/
uH u k e f j cif ; \ t"d y Ü g ,f
uHukefonfqdkonfum;--- tMuifoltm; rv’dumrdzk&m;
BuD;uhJodkY xdki&JodkY ypfcsaom uHrSwpfyg; xdkb0ü rsm;pGmaom
ukodkvftaqmuftOD½Sd\? xdkoltm; xdktukodkvfuHukefvQif
ukov
kd u
f w
H \
Ykd tcGihf eD;pyfvsu½f adS omaMumifh i&Jü tukov
kd u
f H
wpfyg; qufvufcGifh r&onfudk uHukefonf[k qdkownf;?
tukodkvfuHwdkYom tm;BuD;pGm½Sdukefí teD;tyg; jzpfaomb0ü
jyKtyfaom ukodkvfuH tvGefenf;yg;Muukefaom olwdkYtm;
uHukefcGifh tvGefa0;\/
urÇmysufrSyif r[mt0DpdrS vGwfcGifh½SdMuukefaom owå0g
wdkYonf toacsF,s teEÅ ½SdMuukef\[k t|uxmwdkYü qdkay\?
vdyfumPf;Oyrm a'oemrsm;udkvnf; axmufí odtyf\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

379

Oó'i&J 16-xyfç 20-xyf/ /þt&mwGif--oHudpö
Zmwfü- Oó'i&J wpfq,fah jcmufxyf[k vm\? i&JBu;D wpfrsuEf mS
vQif av;xyfç av;rsufESmvQif wpfq,fhajcmuf xyf[l\/
a'0'lwokwfüum;--- a0w&PDi&JESifhwuG wpfrsufESmü
ig;xyfç av;rsufESmü ESpfq,f[k vm\/
a0w&PDi&Judk todyw¬ü tygt0ifjyKí ,lchJaomf
wpfq,fhajcmufxyf jzpf\/
tcsKd Uusr;f ü vufyaH wmi&Jonf tyjzpfaomi&JwüYkd vm\/
i&J t rsd K ;rsd K ;
igwdkYjrefrmEdkifiHü t&Hjzpfaom ½Srf;jynftrsdK;rsdK;ç csif;jynf
trsdK;rsdK;ç u&if ucsifjynftrsdK;rsdK; ½SdMuukefouhJodkY xdkOó'
i&JBuD;ig;xyfwdkY\ jyifbufüvnf; t0Dpde,f ,lZem wpfaomif;
twGi;f ü taxmiftaomif;ru rsm;pGmaom i&JrsKd ;wdo
Yk nfvnf;
½SdMuukefao;\/
rsm;pGmaom i&JrsdK;wdkYqdkonfum;--1/ avm[ukrÇDi&J
2/ y[moi&J
3/ tAÁK'i&J
4/ ed&AÁK'i&J ponfwdkYwnf;/
,rrif ; u,f q ,f y k H
tMum;tMum;ü awmvyf ajrvyfwdkYvnf; ½SdMuukef\?
,rrif;Bu;D wdo
Yk nf xdt
k &yfwüYkd ½k;H pdu
k í
f xm0& ½k;H xdik Mf uuke\
f ?

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

380

þvlYjynfü olawmfaumif;rsdK; jzpfMu ygukefvsuf aocgeD;tcgü
tvGeaf o;i,fvaS om tukov
kd u
f H tcGi&hf í usa&mufuek af om
olwdkYonf xdkawmvyf ajrvyfwdkYü jzpfMuavukef\? i&Jxdef;wdkY
onf i&JrSwufí xdkolwdkYudk vdkufvH½SmazG zrf;,lMuukef\/
,rrif;wd\
Yk ½k;H xdik rf u
I m; xdo
k w
l u
Ykd kd u,fq,fzYkd oufouf
aywnf;/
u,fq,fykHum;m;-- xdkuhJodkYaom olwdkYudk awGU½Sd&rdMuukef
onf½dS aomf wpfpw
Hk pfcak om ESyd pf ufnO§ ;f yef;jcif;udk rjyKMuukerf í
l
igwd½Yk ;Hk awmfoYkd ydv
Yk mMu&ukerf nf[k i&Jxed ;f wdüYk trdex
Yf w
k jf yefí
xm;Muayukef\? i&Jxdef;wdkYonf vkdufvH½SmazG awGU½Sd&rdaom
olwdkYudk ½kH;awmfodkYcsnf; ydkYMu&ukef\/
,rrif;BuD;wdkYonf ]]a'0'lwppfwrf;BuD;}} ig;csufESifhwuG
trsdK;rsdK;aomtcGifhwdkYjzifh xdkolwdkYtm; a½S;b0ü jyKchJbl;aom
ukodkvfudk trSwfowd ay:½SdMuavatmif tm;xkwfppfaq;
ar;jref;Muayukef\? wpfcsufwpfcsufü ay:½Sdavukefaom
olwo
Ykd nf ukov
kd u
f kd owd&Muukeo
f nfEiS hf tNyKd ief uf xdik &Jb0rS
uRwfvGwfí vlYjynf ewfjynfü jzpfvmMuukef\/
ukov
kd u
f kd owdr&Edik Mf uukeaf om olwu
Ykd rkd u
l m; ur®oum
jzpfMu acsNy[
D k ,rrif;wdo
Yk nf rsuEf mS vTí
J aeMu&uke\
f ? xdt
k cg
i&Jxed ;f wdo
Yk nf xdo
k w
l u
Ykd kd ,laqmifí 32-yg;aom ur®u&Pwdu
Yk kd
jyKí aysmfyg;Muavukef\/
( i&Jol owå0gwdkY\'ku© NyD;\/ )
-------- Ä --------

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

381

32-yg;aom ur®u&P
( uHMur®m 32-yg; )
32-yg;aom ur®u&P qdkonfum;--1/ uom[dy=d tql;½Sad om Burd v
f ;kH wdjYk zifv
h nf;? wmaVEÅ=d
½dkuf ESufukef\/
2/ a0awå[d yd=tql;r&Sdaom BudrfvHk;wdkYjzifhvnf;?
wmaVEÅd= ½dkufESufukef\/
3/ t'¨'@au[d yd=ESpaf wmifyrmP&Sad om wkww
f jYkd zifh
vnf;? wmaVEÅd=½dkufESufukef\/
4/ [wåH yd=vufESpfzufudkvnf;? qdE´EÅd=jzwfukef\/
5/ yg'H yd=ajcESpfzufudkvnf;? qdE´EÅd=jzwfukef\/
6/ uPÖH yd=em;½GufESpfzufudkvnf;? qdE´EÅd=jzwfukef\/
7/ emoH yd=ESmacgif;udkvnf;? qdE´EÅd=jzwfukef\/
8-9/ uPÖ emoH yd=em;ç ESmacgif;udkvnf;? qdE´EÅd=jzwf
uke\
f /
10/ Zd0SHyd=vQmudkvnf;? qdE´EÅd=jzwfukef\/
11/ Adv*F xmvduH yd=ykef;&nftdk;ac:aom n§Of;qJrI
udkvnf;? ua&mEÅd=jyKukef\/
12/ ocF rk@duH yd=c½koif; OD;jynf;ac:aom n§Of;qJrIudk
vnf;? ua&mEÅd=jyKukef\/
13/ &m[k rkcHyd=&m[kcHwGif;ac:aom n§Of;qJrIudkvnf;?
ua&mEÅd= jyKukef\/

tpodYk
14/
15/
16/
17/
18/
19/
20/
21/
22/
23/
24/

bm0em'DyeD

382

aZmwdrmvduH yd=rD;yef;ya'omac:aom n§O;f qJru
I kd
vnf;? ua&mEÅd=jyKukef\/
[wåyaZÆmwduHyd=vufrD;awmufac:aom n§Of;qJrI
udkvnf;? ua&mEÅd=jyKukef\/
{&u ywåduH yd=ydef;jrufac:aom n§Of;qJrIudkvnf;?
ua&mEÅd= jyKukef\/
pD&u igoduH yd=oifwdkif;0wfac:aom n§Of;qJrIudk
vnf;? ua&mEÅd=jyKukef\/
{aP,surÜd={PDNr§dKufac:aom n§Of;qJrIudkvnf;?
ua&mEÅd= jyKukef\/
Avdo rHou
d H yd=jrm;csw
d o
f m;vTmac:aom n§O;f qJrI
udkvnf;? ua&mEÅd=jyKukef\/
u[myPduH yd=wpfusyfom;vTmac:aom n§Of;qJrI
udkvnf;? ua&mEÅd=jyKukef\/
cg&m y#dpämuH yd=vSHxdk;qm;rHac:aom n§Of;qJrIudk
vnf;? ua&mEÅd=jyKukef\/
yvdC y&d0wåuH yd=wHcg;usnv
f n
S ahf c:aom n§O;f qJ
rIudkvnf;? ua&mEÅd=jyKukef\/
yvmv yDXuH yd=aumuf½;kd tif;ysOaf c:aom n§O;f qJ
rIudkvnf;? ua&mEÅd=jyKukef\/
wawåe=ylavmifpmG aom? awavem yd=qDjzifv
h nf;?
MoodOöEÅd= avmif;ukef\/

tpodYk
25/

bm0em'DyeD

383

okeac[d yd=Murf;vSpmG aom acG;wdu
Yk v
kd nf;? cg'gayEÅ=d
udkufpm;apukef\/
26/ ZD0EÅH yd=t&Sifvwfvwfudkvnf;? olav=oHwHusifü?
Owåm-aoEÅd=vQKdukef\/
27/ todem yd=oefvsufjzifhvnf;? oDoH=OD;acgif;udk?
qdE´EÅd=jzwfukef\/
28/ wwåH=&J&Jawmufaom? ta,mcdvH=oHwHoif;udk?
[aw¬= vufwzufü? uarEdÅ=pdkufESufukef\/
29/ wwåH=&J&Jawmufaom? ta,mcdvH=oHwHoif;udk?
'kwad , [aw¬='kw,
d vufü? uarEd=Å pdu
k Ef u
S u
f ek \
f /
30/ wwåH=&J&Jawmufaom? ta,mcdvH=oHwHoif;udk?
yga'=ajc wpfzufü? uarEdÅ=pdkufESufukef\/
31/ wwåH=&J&Jawmufaom? ta,mcdvH=oHwHoif;udk?
'kwda, yga'='kwd,ajcü? uarEdÅ=pdkufESufukef\/
32/ wwåH=&J&Jawmufaom? ta,mcdvH=oHwHoif;udk?
raZÑO&od®= &ifv,fü? uarEdÅ=pdkufESufukef\/
þum; vlUjynfüvnf;aumif;ç i&JjynfwdkYüvnf;aumif;
xifaom 32-yg;aom ur®u&PwdkYwnf;? tvGefrsm;jym;pGm
&dSukefao;\/
xdk 32-yg;wdw
Yk iG f ]]Adv*F xmvdu}}tp&du
S ek af om 13-yg;wdüYk
t"dygÜ ,fum;-

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

384

Ad v *F x mvd u uH M ur® m 1/
OD;acgif;udk tv,fü ESpyf ikd ;f jzwfNy;D vQif &J&NJ iad om oHawGcJ
wdkYudk OD;aESmufwGif;ü xnfhukef\? ykef;&nftdk; yGufyGufqlouJYodkY
OD;aESmufwo
Ykd nf yGuyf u
G q
f u
l ek \
f / þum; ]]Adv*Fxmvdu}}wnf;/
ocF r k @ d u uH M ur® m 2/
OD;acgif;a&udk atmuftzdkYü "m; oefvsufjzifY &pfvDS;í
qHyifwdkYudk waygif;wnf; vSHwHü &pfywfí qJGiifonf&Sdaomf
ta&ESifhwuG uRwfí ygukef\? xdktcg Murf;wrf;vSpGmaom
ausmufp&pftdk;jcrf;wdkYjzifh jyif;xefpGm yGwfwdkufí c½koif;uJhodkY
azG;azG;jzLaom OD;jynf;rIukd jyKMuuke\
f ? þum; ]]ocFr@
k u
d }}wnf;/
&m[krkc uHMur®m 3/
oHwHoif;jzifh cHwGif;aygufudk axmufí cHwGif;\twGif;ü
rD;wdu
Yk kd xGe;f nd§ í xm;Muuke\
f ? rsuEf mS wpfjyifv;kH ü aqmufwjYkd zifh
xGi;f azmufí aoG;wdu
Yk kd cHwiG ;f ü pkonfwu
Ykd kd jyKMuuke\
f ? aeAdrmef
udk ikí
H xm;aom &m[kcw
H iG ;f ESihf tvm;wlpmG jzpf\? þum; ]]&m[k
rkc}}wnf;/
aZmwdrmvdu uHMur®m 4/
wpfu,
kd v
f ;kH udk qD a&eH pdrt
f yfaom t0wfwjYkd zifh &pfywfí
aZmwdrmvdu}}wnf;/
rD;yef; ya' omuJo
h Ykd jyKMuuke\
f ? þum; ]]aZmwd

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

385

[w¬yaZÆmwdu uHMur®m 5/
vufESpfzufudkom xdkYtwl &pfywf í rD;½I;xGef;ouJhodkY
jyKonfum; ]][w¬yaZÆmwdu}} wnf;/
{&uywådu uHMur®m 6/
cg;rSpí ta&vTmwdkYudk ydef;jruf½GufwdkYuJhodkY ajcrsufpdokdY
a&mufatmif cGgcsukefí ajrüpkyHkapukefNyD;vQif vufponfwdkYü
BuKd ;wkjY zd ifzh cYJG sní
f xdrk S þrS qGiJ ifí ajy;Muuke\
f ? rdrw
d \
Ykd ta&ü
eif;í tzefzefvJMuukef\? þum; ]]{&uywådu}} wnf;/
pD&u0godu uHMur®m 7/
xdkYtwl vnfyif;rSpí cg;odkYa&mufatmif ta&vTmwdkYudk
tukefcGgí avQmfaw0wfouJhodkY jyKMuukef\? þum; ]]pD & u
0godu}} wnf;/
{aP,su uHMur®m 8/
wawmifqpfESpfzuf ykqpf'l; ESpfzufwdkYü oHuGif;ç oHajc
usif;wdkYjzifh vQdKcwfí oHacsmif;ESufNyD;aomf {PDrnfaom
om;aumifuJhodkY av;zufwGm;íaeapNyD;rS rD;wdkYudk ywfvnfü
xnfhí Nr§dKufukef\? þum; ]]{aP-,su}} wnf;/
Avdo rHodu uHMur®m 9/
oabFmoD; ocGg;oD;wdkYudk pOf;aum pOf;jcpfouJhodkY oHjrm;
csw
d w
f jYkd zifh wpfu,
dk v
f ;kH ü ta&tom;wdu
Yk kd trQit
f rQif csw
d if ifjcpf
,luek í
f t½d;k rQ use&f o
dS nfukd jyKuek \
f / þum; ]]Avdu rHodu}}
wnf;/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

386

u[myPd u uH M ur® m 10/
xufvpS mG aom xm;ç yJcyG w
f jYkd zifh ajczrd;k rSpí wpfu,
kd v
f ;kH ü
tom;wdu
Yk kd wpfusyo
f m; wpfusyo
f m; vS;D jzwfí csuek \
f / þum;
]]u[myPd u }} wnf;/
cg&m y#dpämu uHMur®m 11/
wpfu,
kd v
f ;kH ü vSw
H jYkd zifh xd;k qGí qm; qyfjymwdjYk zifh rHuek \
f /
þum; ]]cg&m y#dpämu}} wnf;/
yvdCy&d0wådu uHMur®m 12/
apmif;vsuf tdyfapí txuf em;aygufrS atmufem;
aygufukd azmufxiG ;f í ajrod0Yk ifavatmif oHwu
H siu
f kd pdu
k Ef u
S Nf y;D
vQif wHcg;usnfudk vSnfhvnfapouJhodkYvnf;aumif;ç qDqkHvnf
ouJhodkYvnf;aumif; ajcESpfacsmif;udk udkifqGJí ywfywfvnf
vSnfhMuukef\? þum; ]]yvdC y&d0wådu}} wnf;/
yvmv ydXu uHMur®m 13/
tom;ta&wdkYudk rpkwfryJhaprlí wpfudk,fvHk;ü&Sdaom
t½d;k ta&wdu
Yk kd tukeaf MurGonfujkd yKí ausmufwjYkd zifh xkuek Nf y;D rS
qHyifwu
Ykd u
kd ikd í
f cgwGuo
f jzifh t½d;k wdu
Yk kd tukex
f u
G af pí tom;
pkoufouf usef&Sdatmif vkyfNyD;rS aumuf½kd;tif;jyifuJhodkY jyKMu
ukef\? þum; ]]yvmvyDXu}} wnf;/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

387

uHMur®m 32-yg;aqmifyk'f
t½dkufoHk;&yf? tjzwf&SpfrsdK;? ykef;&nftdk;enf;? OD;jynf;
&m[k? ESpfckrD;csuf? ydef;jrufavQmfaw? {PD Nrd§Kufjcif;?
pOf;aumpOf;vwf? wusyv
f ;DS rsKd ;? qm;vSx
H ;kd ESi?hf aumuf
½d;k tif;jyif? qDvQif avmif;a&;? acG;auR; wHusi?f ig;tif
tzGJU? jyKwHkcJhonf/ / oHk;q,fhESpfvD n§Of;yef;wnf;/
aqmif y k ' f ü &S i f ; csuf
aemufüvmaom OD;acgif;jzwfudk a&SUü aygif;í tjzwf
&SpfrsdK;qdkonf? qDpdrfaom t0wfwdkYjzifh wpfudk,fvHk;udk &pfywf í
rD;wdkufcsufç vufESpfzufwGif a½GU&pfywfí rD;wdkufcsufwdkYudk
ESpfckrD;csufqdkonf/
þ 32-yg;wdkYum; a&S;tcguyif vlUjynfüvnf; xif&Sm;
vsuf&Sdukef\? xdkYaMumifh ]]'Gwåðour®u&P}} [kqdkonf/
aemufumvürlum;- vlUjynfüvnf; rsuv
f ;kH udak zmufjcif;ç
&ifudk cGJjcif;ç cg;udkydkif;jcif;tp&SdonfwdkYjzifh pdwfxifwdkif;n§Of;yef;
enf; rsm;jym;ívm\/
i&Jürlum;- xdk 32-yg;tjyif i&Jxdef;wdkY\ n§Of;yef;enf;
wdkYonf oOÆd0f;i&JBuD;ü jyKvkyfenf;trsdK;rsdK;ç umVokwfi&JBuD;ü
jyKvkyfenf;trsdK;rsdK; tp&Sdonfjzifh taxmifru rsm;jym;ukef\/
NydwåmwdkYbHkü i&Jxdef;wdkY\ n§Of;yef;rIwdkYonf &Sdukef\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

388

i&J c ef ; trsd K ;rsd K ;
a'0'l w ok w f v m i&J c ef ; trsd K ;rsd K ;/
/ a'0'lw
okwfüum;1/ ,rrif;Bu;D wdu
Yk ,
kd w
f ikd f tBurd Bf urd pf pfaf r;ygaomfvnf;
a&S;b0ü wpfpHkwpfckaom ukodkvfaumif;rIudkrQ
&SmBuHr& &SdMuukefaom i&Joltaygif;wdkYudk i&Jxdef;
wdkYonf ,laqmifMuukefí &J&JNidaom oHajrü yuf
vuftdyfapukefí vuf0g;ESpfzuf ajcz0g;ESpfzuf
&ifv,ft&yfwdkYü xef;vHk;cefY yrmP&Sdukefaom
ig;ckaom oHwHoif;wdkYudk pdkufESuf um;Muufí
xm;jcif;?
2/ tvQHajymifajymif awmufaom oHajrütdyfapí
oH;k *g0kwf rQ&adS om twåabmwdu
Yk kd tdrrf ;kd wpfjcrf;cefY
t½Guf&Sdukefaom xm;rwdkYjzifha½Gjcif;?
3/ OD;acgif;apmufx;kd ajcrd;k arQmx
f m;Ny;D vQif yJcyG Bf u;D wdjYk zifh
tom;wdkYudka½Gjcif;?
4/ tvQHajymifajymif awmufaom &xm;ü uukefí
tvQHajymifajymif awmufaom oHajrü pdkif;ESifjcif;?
5/ vufeuf vSw
H w
H jYkd zifh ypfcwf½u
kd Ef u
S í
f rD;twdNy;D aom
oHawmifBuD;tay:odkY wufapjcif;?
6/ xdaYk emuf teuf tus,f ,lZem 60-&Sad om oHy&l nf
yifv,f Bu;D ESihf tvm;wlaom avm[ukrDÇ ac:aom
oH',ftdk;BuD;ü ypfcsjcif;?

tpodYk
7/
8/

bm0em'DyeD

389

xdkavm[ukrÇDi&Jü tESpfrsm;pGm MumjrifhNyD;aom
olwu
Ykd ,
kd il ifí r[mt0Dpid &JrBu;D twGi;f ypfcsjcif;?
r[mt0Dpdi&JrBuD;twGif;ü ESpfaygif;todef;rsm;pGm
cHMu& ukefNyD;í a&S;üjyqdkcJhNyD;aom tpOftm;jzifh
Oó'i&JBu;D ig;&yfwo
Ykd Ykd usa&muf&jcif;? þodt
Yk pOf
onf vm&Sd\/

þrSwpfyg; aerdZmwfüvmaom i&Jcef;trsdK;rsdK;
em&'Zmwfawmfüvmaom i&Jcef;trsdK;rsdK;
o&b*FZmwfawmfüvmaom i&Jcef;trsdK;rsdK;
aumumvduokwfüvmaom i&Jcef;rsdK;rsdK;
rdwå0dE´uZmwffüvmaom oif"kef;puf i&Jcef;
trsdK;rsdK;
rm&wZÆeD,okwfüvmaom i&Jcef;trsdK;rsdK;
tp½Sdonfjzifh i&Jcef;wkdYonf rqkH;EkdifzG,f tvGefrsm;jym;
vsu½f u
dS ek \
f /
jrwfpGmbk&m;onfvnf; i&JbkHü cHMu&ukefaom 'ku© trsdK;
rsdK;awGukd a'oemtpOftm;jzifh igbk&m;aomfrSvnf; qkH;cef;
a&mufatmif a[mjcif;iSg rwwfEkdif[k a[mawmfrl&acs\/
( 32-yg;aom ur®u&P NyD;\/ )
-------- Ä ---------

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

390

i&JBuD;½SpfxyfwkdY\ toufwrf;
vlwdkYü tESpfudk;oef;(9000000)onf oOÆdK0f;i&JBuD;ü 1&uf jzpf\/
¤if;tESpfudkoef;udk av;qwufonf½Sdaomf okH;uka#
ajcmufoef; (36000000)jzpf\? ¤if;ESpfaygif; okH;uka#ajcmuf
oef;(36000000)onf umVokwfi&JBuD;ü wpf&ufjzpf\/
þenf;wl tpOftwdkif; av;qwufonfudkjyKí wmye
i&JBuD;wdkifatmif i&JBuD;wdkYü 1-&uf ta&twGufudk od&m\/
1/

2/
3/
4/
5/

rdrdwdkY&ufjzihf t&uf 30-onf rdrdwdkY v-jzpf\?
rdrdwdkYv-jzifh 12-vonf rdrdwdkY 1-ESpfjzpf\? rdrdwdkY
ESpfjzifh tESpfig;&m (500)onf oOÆdK0f;ü toufwrf;
jzpf\/
tESpfwpfaxmif(1000)onf umVokwfü touf
wrf;jzpf\/
tESpfESpfaxmif(2000)onf oHCmwü touf
wrf;jzpf\/
tESpfav;axmif(4000)onf a&m½k0ü touf
wrf;jzpf\/
tESpf½Spfaxmif(8000)onf r[ma&m½k0ü touf
wrf;jzpf\/

tpodYk
6/
7/
8/

bm0em'DyeD

391

tESpw
f pfaomif;ajcmufaxmif(16000)onf wmyeü
touf wrf;jzpf\/
tEÅ&uyf xuf0ufonf r[mwmyeü toufwrf;
jzpf\/
tEÅ&uyf wpfuyfonf t0Dpdü toufwrf; jzpf\/

i&Jjynfoufwrf; pdppfcsuf
tEÅ&uyfwpfuyf\ yrmPum; r[myx0DajrBuD;onf
txufodkY wpf,lZemcefY wufonfESifhtrQ Mumjrifh\/
þodkY i&JBuD;½SpfxyfwdkY\ toufwrf;udk ]]ZdemvuFm&}}
paom usrf;*efwdkYü vm\/
tyg,fav;bkHwdkYü toufwrf;[lí r½Sd? uHonfyrmP
jzpf\[laom tbd"r®musr;f *efpum;rsm;ESihf qefu
Y sio
f nf r[kwf
avm qdkjim;thH/
vlwdkYü wpf&mwrf;qdkvQif xdktcg ESpf&mae&ol r½Sd?
ESp&f mwrf;qdv
k Qif xdt
k cg ok;H &mae&olr½S?d þodYk txufjzpfaom
wrf;wpfckESifh a&m,Sufjcif; r½Sdonfudk toufwrf;qdk\/
i&JwdkYüum; xdkuhJodkY a&m,Sufjcif;r½Sdonfr[kwf? oOÆdK0f;ü
ig;&m qdkaomfvnf; uHrukefchJvQif wpfaxmifvnf; ae&\?
ESpaf xmifvnf; ae&\? ok;H axmif av;axmifponfvnf; ae&\?
txufjzpfaom wrf;wdkYESifh ul;,Suf\/
xdkYaMumifh tyg,fav;bkHwdkYü toufwrf;[lí r½Sd[k
tbd"r®musrf;*efwdkYü qdkayonf/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

392

a,bk,stm;jzifh oOÆdK0f;ü ig;&mae&olrsm;\? þodkYrsm;&m
udk tpGJjyKí oOÆdK0f;üig;&m[kqdkayonf? þodkY,lvQif rqefYusif/
xdkYaMumifh jrwfpGmbk&m;onfvnf; tbd"r®mü tyg,fav;
bkw
H rYkd mS toufwrf;udk ra[mrlí ]]a'0'lwokw}f }wdüYk vnf; uHom
yrmP[k a[mawmfrlNyD;í r[mt0Dpdi&JBuD;\ t&Hjzpfaom
tAÁK'i&Jjynf tp½Sdaom q,fjynfaxmifaom i&JwdkYü touf
wrf;udk a[mawmfrljyefownf;/
q,f j ynf a xmif i&J o uf w rf ;
q,fjynfaxmifqdkonfum;1/ tAÁK' i&J
2/ ed&AÁK' i&J
3/ tAA i&J
4/ t[[ i&J
5/ t## i&J
6/ ukrk' i&J
7/ aom*E¨du i&J
8/ OyÜv i&J
9/ yk@&Du i&J
10/ y'kr i&J
þ 10-yg;wdkYwnf;/
xdkq,fyg;wdkYü toufwrf;udk þodkY a[mawmfrl\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

393

tAÁ K ' i&J o uf w rf ; ponf
ESrf;twif; ½Spfq,fykHrS tESpfwpf&mvQif ESrf;wpfaphus
,líypfonf½Sdaomf ESrf;twif;½Spfq,fykHonf tvsiftjref
ukeaf v&m\? tAÁK'i&J\ toufwrf;rlum; rukeaf v&m? þum;
tAÁK'i&J\ toufwrf;wnf;/
ES r f ; wpf w if ; ü½S d
ES r f ; aph t a&twG u f
ESrf;wpfwif;ü ESrf;aphaygif; uka#av;&mESifh udk;uka#
ajcmufoed ;f ½S\
d ? xdt
k AÁK'i&J\ toufwrf;rSm tqifq
h ift
h m;jzifh
tqESpq
f ,fpD wd;k yGg;í oGm;ukeo
f nf½adS omf ed&AÁK'tp½Su
d ek af om
udk;bkHaom i&JwdkY\ toD;toD;aom toufwrf;jzpf\? þodkY
a[mawmfrl\/
i&Jcef;t>ruf NyD;\/
---- Ä ----

Nydwåm tok&um,fwdkYudk t>rufrQ jyqdkcef;
jyqdkchJaom enf;tm;jzifh i&JbkHwkdYü a,bk,stoufwrf;
xifao;\? NydwåmwkdYbkHç tok&um,fwdkYbkHwkdYürlum; a,bk,s
toufwrf;[líyif r&SdNyD/
&S p f a omif ; av;axmif a om Nyd w å m
r&SdykHum;- þurÇmrS jyefía&wGufonf&Sdaomf 92- urÇm
ajrmufü zkójrwfpGmbk&m; vufxufütwlwuG wpfBudrfjyKMu

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

394

aom tukokdvfuHaMumifh xkdb0rSpí b0tqufquf urÇm
tqufquf i&Jü tzefzef usa&mufíaeMuukeaf om &Spaf omif;
av;axmifrQ avmufuek af om Nyw
d må wdo
Yk nf þurÇmüvnf; urÇm
OD;rSpí igwkdYjrwfpGmbk&m; vufxufwkdifatmif tpma&pm[lí
tPkjrLrQ rawGU&bJ tNrJiwfrGwfqmavmifaom ukd,f&SdMuukef
onfjzpfí Bu;D pGmaom 'kuu
© dk cHaeMu&uke\
f ? igwkjYd rwfpmG bk&m;
vufxufrSmrS uRwfvGwf Muavukef\/
pyg;BuD ; a>r Nyd w å m
t&SifyapöuAk'¨g\ ausmif;ukd rD;wkdufrIaMumifh t0Dpdi&Jü
tEÅ&uyfywfv;Hk cHNy;D í *dZÑu#k af wmifü jzpfíaeaom pyg;Bu;D a>r
Nydwåmonf &Sd\/
xkdNydwåm\ ukd,fonf 25-,lZem &Sd\? OD;acgif;um; vl\
OD;acgif;wnf;? rD;awmufrD;vQHwkdYonf OD;acgif;rSxí tNrD;jzm;
wkdifatmif avmifukef\/ tNrD;rSxí OD;acgif;wdkifatmif avmif
ukef\? OD;acgif;tNrD; ESpfXmerSpí tv,fü aygif;qHkMuukef\?
tv,frSxí OD;acgif;tNrD; wdkifatmif avmifukef\? aEG&moDü
awmif½;kd Bu;D wavQmufv;kH udk rD;avmifí aeouJo
h Ykd xif\? yuwd
rsufpdtm;jzifhum; jrifaumif;onf r[kwf? 'dAÁpu©Krsufpdjzifhom
jrifaumif;\? þNyw
d må onfvnf; tb,f tcgrS uRwv
f w
G rf nf[k
tydik ;f tjcm;r½S/d

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

395

usD ; Nyd w å m
xdt
Yk wl 25-,lZem½Sad om us;D Nyw
d må onfvnf;½S\
d ? xdNk yw
d må
tm;vnf; uRwfvGwf&maom ESSpftydkif;tjcm; r½Sdao;/
o|d u l # Nyd w å m
xdkYtwl tvQHajymifajymif awmufavmifukefaom ajcmuf
aomif;rQavmufukefaom oHwl oHwif;ykwfwdkYonf OD;acgif;ü
tjrJxwHkuswkHjzpfíaeukefojzifh OD;acgif;onf tjrJuJGcsnf
yuwdjzpfcsnf jzpfíaeaom o|dul#Nydwåmonfvnf; ½Sd\?
þNydwåmonfvnf; uRwfvGwf&maom tydkif;tjcm; r½Sdao;/
þodkYtp½Sdonfjzifh NydwåmrsKd;onf tocFs,s teEÅrsm;jym;
uke\
f ? usr;f *efwüYkd vnf; Nyw
d må wdu
Yk kd jyqdak omt&monf i&Jwu
Ykd kd
jyqdkaom t&mxuf us,f0ef;\? rsm;jym;\? ]]ayw0w¬Kusrf;}}
[lí ygVdawmfwpfusrf; toD;xGuf\? ]]vu©PoH,kwf}} [lí
oH,kwfwpfyg; toD;xGuf\? us,ftHhpdk;í þpmtkyfü rxkwf
vdu
k Nf y/D

tok&um,f trsKd;rsKd;
tok&um,frsKd;onfvnf;1/ 0dedygwdu tokum,frsKd;
2/ umvuOödu tok&um,frsKd;
3/ avmuEÅ&duf tok&um,frsKd;ponfjzifhrsm;jym;\/
xdktokk&um,frsKd;wdkYwGif-

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

396

0d e d y gwd u tok & um,f r sKd ;
0dedygwdu tok&um,frsKd;qdkonfum; avmuü bDvl;
oHbuf tpdrf; ol&J wapä ajrbkwftp½Sdonfjzifh ac:a0:Muukef
aom ewf,kwf ewfnHhwdkYukd qdkownf;/
xdo
k w
l o
Ykd nfvnf; ae&mbHAk rd mef[í
l r½SMd uukerf í
l opfyif
awmcsKH tp&So
d nfwu
Ykd kd trSjD yKí aeMuuke\
f ? vlwpYkd eG yYf pf tyfaom
xrif;odk; [if;odk; ESyfwHawG; udk,f0eftnpftaMu; ponfwdkYudk
½SmMuí
H pm;aomufMu&uke\
f ? tvGeMf uKH vaDS om ud,
k ½f MdS uuke\
f ?
xdkolwdkYvnf; touftydkif;tjcm; r½SdMuukef? pmwkr[m&mZfbHkü
tusHK;0ifukef\? ajrtjyifü toacsF,s teEÅ rsm;jym;ukef\/
umvuÍö d u tok & um,f r sd K ;
umvuÍödu tok&um,frsdK; qdkonfum; oHk;*g0kwfrQ
avmufaom twåabm½S\
d ? tvGeef nf;aom tom;taoG;½So
d nf
jzpfí t½d;k ta&rQom½S&d um; opf&u
G af jcmufEiS w
hf al om tvm;½S\
d ?
ykZGefwdkY\ rsufpduJhodkY rsufvHk;tdrfrSxGufukefí OD;acgif;xdyfü
wnfaom rsufpd½Sdukef\? cHwGif;aygufonfvnf; OD;acgif;xdyfü
ayguf\? tyfezm;aygufrQom½Sd\? þuJhodkYaom NydwåmrsKd;wdkYukd
umvuÍödu tok&um,frsdK;ac:onf? xdk tok&um,frsdK;onf
vnf; toacsF,steEÅrsm;jym;\/
avmuEÅ & d u f tok & um,f r sKd ;
avmuEÅ&duf tok&um,frsKd; qkdonfum; avmuEÅ&duf
i&Jow
l u
Ydk dk qko
d wnf;? ok;H *g0kwrf Qavmufaom twåabm½Su
d ek \
f ?

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

397

pMum0Vmok;H ckw\
Ydk aygif;qk&H mü tus,t
f m;jzifh ,lZem&Spaf xmif
&Sdaom avmu"mwf taygufBuD;onf&Sd\? atmufü urÇmudkcH
aom a&odq
Yk u
kd \
f ? tcgcyford ;f arSmiftwdru
kd \
f ? xdak vmu"mwf
taygufwüYkd pMu0VmwHwikd ;f wdüYk xdo
k wå0gwdo
Yk nf vif;Edw
Yk u
Ykd o
hJ Ykd
wJG&&JGqGJíaeMu&ukef\/
tcsi;f csi;f xdcu
kd Mf uojzifv
h nf;aumif;ç tvGeaf t;jrvSpmG
aom avwdkY\ wdkufjcif;jzifhvnf;aumif; tn§mrS jywfa<uukef
aom opfo;D wdu
Yk o
hJ Ykd pMum0VmwHwikd ;f rS vGwaf <uí urÇmudck aH om
a&ü usavukef\? usumrwårQjzpfukefíomvQif tvGefiefrI
at;rIwaYkd Mumifh a&üusuek af om qm;cJwu
Ykd o
hJ Ykd ajrah jrah MurGuek í
f
pMu0VmwHwikd ;f ü jzpfNrw
J ikd ;f tzefwvJvJ jzpf&uke\
f ? toacFs,s
teEÅ rsm;jym;ukef\? toufwrf;[lí r&Sdukef/
wd&pämefwdkYum; xif&Sm;ukefNyD/
i&Jçwd&pämefç Nydwåmç tok&um,fwdkYudk t>rufrQjyqdkcsuf NyD;\/
------ Ä ------

tyg,fbHkwdkYonf ykxkZOfowå0gwdkY\pdwfrS
jzpfyHkudk jyqdkcef;
t>ruftm;jzifh jyqdt
k yfuek Nf y;D aom i&JBu;D &Spjf ynfaxmif
wdrYk pS í avmuEÅ&u
d f tok&um,f tqk;H &Su
d ek af om tvk;H pkaH om
tyg,fbkHteEÅwdkYonf tb,frS jzpfyGg;ukefoenf;[lrlum;--ZrÁL'DyguRef;tjyifü cyfodrf;aom jrpfBuD; jrpfi,fwdkYonf
[dr0EÅmrS xGuu
f ek o
f uJo
h Ykd owå0g taygif;wd\
Yk pdwrf S jzpfygG ;uke\
f /

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

398

ed,mrtjzpfodkYqdkufatmif jyKjyifíxm;tyfaom t&d,m
yk*¾dKvfwdkY\ pdwfudk csefvSyfí cyfodrf;aom vlçewfçjA[®m
owå0gwdkYpdwfrS jzpfyGg;ukef\ [lvdk/
xdk vl ewf jA[®m owå0gwdkYwGif wpfa,mufwpfa,muf
aom owå0g\pdwfonf xdktvHk;pHkaom tyg,fbHk teEÅwdkYESifh
tjcm;r&Sd wjyifwnf; wpyfwnf; qufEG,fvsuf wnf\?
raumif;rIü arGUavsmfjcif;onf cyfodrf;aom owå0gwdkY\ pdwf\
yuwdoabmwnf;/
xdkYaMumifhoHo&mü usifvnfMuukefaom owå0gwdkYtm;
'd|dtarSmuftrSm;ç 'kpö½kduftrdkuftrJwdkYudk toufxufqHk;
vdkufpm;í ukefcJh&aom b0wdkYonfom tvGefrsm;jym;ukef\/
jyKcJ h o nf h 'k p ö ½ k d u f t eEÅ
jyqdkcJhNyD;aom tyg,fbHkteEÅwdkYodkY ypfcs &ef'kpö½kdufuH
a[mif;wdo
Yk nf wpfa,mufwpfa,mufaom owå0g\ pdwo
f EÅmef
wGif teEÅyg&Sdvsuf aeMuukef\/
tcsd e f r a½G ; aoEd k i f j cif ;
aojcif;oabmrnfonfvnf; cyfodrf;aom b0wdkYü
y#doaE¨aeonfrSpí tpOftNrJ yg½Sdíae\? b,fem&DrSmrqdk
aoEdik \
f ? raoEdik af omem&D[í
l r½S?d aocJv
h Qiv
f nf; xdu
k aH [mif;
wdkYtwGuf jyqdkcJhNyD;aom tyg,fbkH teEÅwdkYwGif b,ftyg,fbkH
rSmrqdk cPcsif; usa&mufEdkifMuukef\? rusa&mufEdkifaom

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

399

tyg,fbkH[lí wpfpkHwpfckrQr½Sd/
þodv
Yk Qif cyford ;f aomowå0gwd\
Yk pdwo
f nf jyqdck NhJ y;D aom
tyg,fbHk teEÅwEYkd iS hf tjcm;r½Sw
d jyifwnf; wpyfwnf; qufE,
G í
f
aeMuykHukd odtyf\/
ypf a jr§ m uf v d k u f a om
tk w f a usmuf Oyrm
aumif;uifü ypfajr§mufukefaom todef;ruaom tkwf
ausmuf vSw
H w
H o
Ykd nfvnf;aumif;ç av[kejf zifah jrm§ ufwiftyfuek f
aom todef;toef;ruaom opfukdif; opfcuf opf½GufwdkYonf
vnf;aumif; atmufajrtjyifwdkYESifh tjcm;r½Sd wjyifwnf;
wpyfwnf; qufEG,fvsuf aeMuukef\? ypfajr§mufrI[laom
jyKjyifrt
I [kef avt[kef ukeo
f nfEiS hf wpfNyKd ief uf ajrtjyifrmS csn;f
usa&mufvmMuukef\/

Oyrm Oyar,s ESD;aESmjycsuf
1/ vlUbHk ewfbHk jA[®mbHkonf aumif;uifESifhwl\/
2/ tyg,fav;bHkBuD;onf ajrjyifBuD;ESifhwl\/
3/ vlUcE¨mç ewfcE¨mwdkYonf ypfajr§muftyfukefaom
tkwf ausmuf vSHwHwdkYESifh wlukef\/
4/ 'ge oDvrItp½Sad om jyKjyifrt
I [keo
f nf ypfajrm§ uf
aom vuft[kefESifh wl\/
5/ jA[®mch E¨mwdo
Yk nfopfuikd ;f opfcuf opf&u
G w
f EYkd iS w
hf \
l /

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

400

6/ psmebm0em[laom jyKjyifrIt[kefonf av[kefESifh
wl\/
þOyrmtwdik ;f terw*¾ oHo&mwpfavQmufBu;D jrifav/

Oyrm Oyar,swdkYudk pdppfa0zefcsuf
tb,fah Mumifh xk0d w¬Kwo
Ydk nf aumif;uifü tNrrJ aeEkid Mf u
oenf; [lrlum;-aumif;uifoYdk wufrI aerIonf xk0d w¬Kw\
Ydk yuwdoabm
r[kw?f wk0d w¬Kw\
Ydk yuwd tpGr;f r[kw?f xk0d w¬KwrYdk mS aumif;uifoYdk
ysw
H ufEidk af om tpGr;f [lí jrLrQr½S?d aumif;uifoYdk ysw
H ufEidk af om
tpGrf;owådrS qdwfuif;Muukef\? aumif;uifü wnfaeEkdifaom
tpGrf;owådrS qdwfuif;Muukef\? vuf[kef av[kefwkdY\ tpGrf;
aMumifo
h m aumif;uifoYdk wufMuavuke\
f ? atmufou
Ydk srI ajrüpk
rIonfomvQif xkd0w¬KwkdY\ yuwdoabmjzpf\/
xkaYd Mumifh vuf[ek f av[keu
f ek v
f sif xk0d w¬Kwo
Ydk nf aumif;
uifü rsufawmifwpfcwfrQ rwnfwHhEkdifMuukefrlí rdrdwkdY Zmwd
oabmt&if;twkdif; tvsiftjrefusavsmMuukefí ajrtjyifü
om touf½SnforQ wnfaeMuukef\/
þOyrmtwkdif; terw*¾oHo&mü vlYcE¨m ewfcE¨m jA[®mh
cE¨mwk\
Yd ocFg&rsKd ;jzpfyçHk tedprö sKd ;jzpfyçHk 'kur© sKd ;jzpfyçHk tewårsKd ;jzpfyu
Hk dk
xifav jrifav/
,cktcgü ]]ed,mrtjzpfokdYa&mufatmif jyKjyifíxm;tyf
aom t&d,mwkdY\pdwfukd csefvSyfí}} [laompum;ü---

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

401

ocFg& 2-rsdK;/ / ocFg&qkdonfum; pdwfukd jyKjyifrIwnf;?
xkd pdwfukdjyKjyifrIonf--1/ tckduftwefY w'*FF wpfeyfpmtaeESifh jyKjyifrI?
2/ ed,mr tjzpfokdYa&mufatmif jyKjyifrI[lí ESpfyg;½Sd\?
pdwf\ t&nfta&mif 3-yg;-- pdwu
f jdk zLpifapwwf aom
t&nf ta&mifwkdYonf oDvç orm"dç ynm [lí okH;yg;½Sd\/
pd w f \ tnpf t aMu; 3-yg;-3-yg;--pdwfukd npfEGrf;apwwf
aom tnpftaMu;onf 'd|dç umrç t0dZÆm[lí okH;yg;½Sd\/
bk H o k H ; qifh---xkdokH;yg;wkdYwGifvnf; wpfyg;wpfyg;ü--1/ tEko,bkH
2/ y&d,k|mebkH
3/ 0DwduúrbkH
[lí bkHokH;qifh ½Sd\/
tEko,bkH 1/ pdwfoEÅmefü tpOftNrJ udef;0yfíae
aom tnpftaMu; okH;yg;onf tEko,bkH rnf\/
y&d,k|mebkH 2/ tm½kHckdufrI½Sdaomtcgü raemuHudpöESifh
x<uívmaom tnpftaMu;Bu;D ok;H yg;onf y&d,|k mebkH rnf\/
0DwduúrbkH 3/ xkx
d uf cufxefaomif;use;f jcif;okYd a&muf
ojzifh 0pDuHudpöç um,uHudpöwkdYESifh x<u vIyf½Sm;ívm aom
tnpftaMu;okH;yg;onf 0DwduúrbkH rnf\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

402

'd|dbkH okH;qifhç umrbkHokH;qifhç t0dZÆmbkH okH;qifhç jzpf\/
'd|dEkç 'd|dvwfç 'd|dMurf;? umrEkç umrvwfç umrMurf;?
t0dZÆmEkç t0dZÆmvwfç t0dZÆmMurf;ç [lvkdonf/
xkdokH;yg;wkdYwGif--um,uH ç 0pD u H [ l a om tMurf ; onf raemuH [ l a om
tvwfrS jzpfyGg;\/
raemuHwnf;[laom tvwfonf pdwo
f EÅmefü tpOftNrJ
udef;0yfíaeaom tEkrsdK;rSjzpfyGg;\/
tvwftMurf;wkdYukd y,f½Sm;aomfvnf; tEkrsdK;rjywfu
w'*FwpfeyfpmrQom y,f½mS ;Ekid \
f ? rMumrD tvwf tMurf;jzpfygG ;í
vm\/ tEkrsKd ;ukd tuket
f pOf Ekwyf ,fí ypfco
hJ nf½adS omf tvwf
tMurf;wkdYonf wpf&HwpfqpfrQ rjzpfvmMuukefNyD/
pd w f u k d j yKjyif r I - - owå0gwkdYü pdwfukdjyKjyifrIqkdonfum;
pdwüf ½Sad om 'd|d umr t0dZmÆ [laom tnpftaMu; Bu;D ok;H yg;ukd
y,fowfí pdwfü oDv orm"d ynm[laom t&nft&mifBuD;
okH;yg;ukd wnfaxmifrIaywnf;/
oDvta&mif wnfaxmifrI/
/ xkdokH;yg;wkdYwGif--1/ 'd|dukdpdwfoEÅmefwGif tukeftpOf rsdK;jywfatmif y,f
owfEkdifrS oDvonf pdwfoEÅmefü edpöed,mrtjzpfjzifh wnfEkdif
onf/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

403

'd|dtukeftpOf rsdK;jywfatmif ry,frowfrlí &aohol
awmfaumif;ç &[ef;olawmfaumif; jyKvkyfíaeaomfvnf; w'*F
oDvç wpfeyfpmoDvrQom jzpfEikd \
f ? ,ckb0üaomfvnf;aumif;ç
aemufb0üaomfvnf;aumif; wHig rkqkd; olckd; "m;jy ygytvZÆD
tjzpfokdY rcRwfa&mufNrJ a&muf&jyef\/
orm"d t a&mif wnf a xmif r I 2/
umrukd pdwfoEÅmefwGif tukeftpOf rsdK;jywfatmif y,f
owfEkdifrS orm"donf pdwfoEÅmefü edpöed,mrtjzpfjzifh wnfEkdif
onf/
umrukd tukeftpOf jywfwJhatmif ry,frowfrlí &aoh
£a`EB´ u;D ç &[ef;£a`EB´ u;D ç psmef&yk*Kd¾ vBf u;D jyKvyk í
f aeaomfvnf;
w'*FoDvç wpfeyfpmoDvrQomjzpfEkdif\? ,ckb0üaomfvnf;
aumif;ç aemufaemufb0üaomfvnf;aumif; om;r,m;tm½kH
umr*kPftkd;BuD;tjzpfokdY rcRwfa&mufNrJ a&mufjyef\/
ynmta&mif wnfaxmifrI 3/
t0dZÆmukd pdwfoEÅmefwGif tukeftpOf rsdK;jywfatmif y,f
owfEkdifrS ynmonf pdwfoEÅmefü edpöed,mrtjzpfjzifh wnfEkdif
onf/
t0d Z Æ m ry,f u tE¨ A mv jzpf & jyef j cif ;
t0dZÆmukd tukeftpOf rsKd;jywfatmif ry,frowfrlí
&aohynm&Sdç &[ef; ynm&Sdç vlynm&Sdç ewfynm&Sdç y@dwtarmf

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

404

wdik ;f ausmjf ynfausmf jyKvyk í
f aeaomfvnf; w'*F wpfeyfpm rQom
jzpfEkdif\? ,ckb0üaomfvnf;aumif;ç aemufaemufb0üaomf
vnf;aumif; ta&SU taemuf awmif ajrmufudkrQ rodwwfaom
tE¨AmvtjzpfodkY rcRwfa&mufNrJ a&muf&jyef\/
þt&mwGif 'd|dudk rsKd;jywfatmif y,fowfEdkifayvQif
'd|dESifh,SOfaom umrt0dZÆmwdkYvnf; rsKd;jywfukefawmhonf/
umrudk jywfatmif y,fEikd af yvQif umrESi,
hf OS af om t0dZmÆ
vnf; rsKd;jywfawmhonf/
'd|drsKd;jywfcJhvQif opömav;yg;wdkYü awGa0aom t0dZÆmyif
r&SdayNyD/ tenf;i,f zHk;vTrf;jcif; ruif;½HkrQom usef&Sdavonf
[lírSw/f
bk & m;&S i f w d k Y Ó Pf a wmf t&mom
þowå0gtaygif;wdkYonfum; yuwdoabmtm;jzifh
raumif;rI 'kp½ö u
kd f trdu
k t
f rJwüYkd tNraJ rGUavsmjf cif; tavh&adS om
rdrw
d \
Ykd pdwu
f kd oDvçorm"dçynmwdüYk edpeö ,
d mrtjzpfoYkd a&mufav
atmif b,fvu
kd sií
hf b,fw&m;udk y,f&mS ;&onf[í
l yif rodEikd f
Muukef/ xdkYaMumifh owå0gwdkY\pdwfudk aumif;jrwfaomtzdkYü
edpöed,mrjzpfí tpOfxm0& wnfavatmif jyKvkyfrI[lonf
jrwfpGmbk&m;wdkY\ ÓPfawmft&mom jzpf\/
bk & m;&S i f w d k Y \ omoem
avmuü jrwfpGmbk&m;wdkY\ yGifhrIrnfonf þedpöed,mr
vrf;udk zGijhf cif;iSg yGi&hf \? xdaYk Mumifh jrwfpmG bk&m;wd\
Yk omoemqdk

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

405

onfum; oHo&mü ololigig owå0gwdkYoEÅmef0,f tzefzef
jzpfcb
hJ ;l Muaom oDvçorm"dçynmrsK;d udk qdo
k nfr[kw?f ,ckb0rS
pí aemufb0tqufquf urÇmtqufquf wpf&HwpfqpfrQ
ysufuGufjcif;r&SdbJ edpöed,mrtjzpfodkYa&mufaom oDvç orm"dç
ynmudkomvQif jrwfpGmbk&m;wdkY\ omoem[lí qdktyf\/
tmZD0|ruoDv 2-rsKd;/
//tmZD0|ruoDvonf,ckb0ü ouúm,'d|d csKyNf ird ;f jcif;odYk rqdu
k af om tmZD0|
ruoDvç
,ckb0ü ouúm,'d|d csKyfNidrf;jcif;odkY qdkufaom tmZD0|
ruoDv [lí ESpfrsKd;&Sd\/
xdkESpfrsKd;wdkYwGif1/ ouúm,'d|d csKyNf ird ;f jcif;odYk rqdu
k af om tmZD0|ru
oDvonf w'*Fov
D om jzpf\? wpfeyfpm; oDvom
jzpf\? jrwfpGmbk&m;wdkY\ omoemtppf r[kwf/
2/ ouúm,'d|d csKyfNidrf;jcif;odkYqdkufaom tmZD0|ru
oDvonfomvQif jrwfpmG bk&m;wd\
Yk omoemtppf
jzpf\? þodkYponfjzifh cJGíodav/
vu© P ma&; 3-yg;ud k tm;xk w f & jcif ;
jrwfpGmbk&m; omoemawmfwGif;ü BuHKBudKufMu&ukefaom
olwdkYonfum; edpöed,mr tjzpfodkYa&mufí jrwfpGmbk&m;wdkY\
omoemtppfjzpfaom oDv orm"d ynmudk &Mujcif;tusKd;iSg
ouúm,'d|dudk y,fowfrI[kqdktyfaom tedpö 'ku© tewå

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

406

vu©Pma&;oHk;yg;wdkYudk tm;xkwfMu&ukef\/
omoemuG , f a omb0 r&S d o l / / xd k v u© P ma&;
oH;k yg;wdw
Yk iG v
f nf;1/
tedpövu©Pmonf vdk&if;y"me jzpf\/
2/
tedpövu©Pm aumif;pGm xifjrifcJhvQif tewå
vu©Pm xifjrifawmhonf/
3/
tewåvu©Pm aumif;pGm xifjrifcv
hJ Qif ouúm,'d|d
csKyfNidrf;awmhonf/
4/
ouúm,'d|d csKyfNidrf;cJhvQif csKyfNidrf;onfESifh wpfNydKif
euf xdo
k w
l v
Ykd nf; ykxZk OftjzpfrS uRwv
f w
G f Muukeí
f
t&d,moljrwftjzpfodkY a&mufMuav ukef\/
5/
avmuDbHkom;tjzpfrS uRwfvGwfMuukefí avmukwå&mbHkom;tjzpfodkY a&mufMuavukef\/
6/
oOyg'daoo yXredAÁmefbHkom;tjzpfodkY a&mufMu
avukef\/
7/
tmZD0|ru oDvonfvnf; b0tqufquf urÇm
tqufquf rysufuGufEkdifaom edpöed,mrtjzpfokdY
a&mufav\/
8/
ukokdvfaumif;rIwkdYüvnf;aumif;ç owdy|meftrI
wkdYüvnf;aumif;ç bk&m;*kPf w&m;*kPf oHCmh*kPf
wk d Y ü vnf ; aumif ; pd w f \ wnf M unf j cif ; [l a om
orm"donfvnf; edpöed,mrtjzpfokdY a&mufav\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

407

9/

vu©Pma&;okH;yg;wkdYüvnf;aumif;ç opömav;yg;
w&m;wkdYüvnf;aumif; xifvif;aom ynmonf
vnf; edpöed,mr tjzpfokdYa&mufav\/
10/
0domcg temxydPw
f u
Ydk o
hJ Ykd bkpH Ofpt
H &d,mrsKd ;jzpfMu
ukefí b0rsm;pGm urÇmtqufquf usifvnfí
oGm;Muukeaf omfvnf; xko
d v
D çorm"dçynm omoem
awmfjrwfBuD; okH;yg;wkdYonf wpfb0xuf wpfb0
wpfurÇmxuf wpfurÇm yGifhvif;pnfum; BuD;yGg;
wkd;wufíom oGm;ukefawmhonf/
xkdolwkdYrSm terw*¾oHo&mü omoemuG,faomb0ç
omoemy aomurÇm[lí r½SdMuukefNyD/
11/

12/

oOyg'd a ooed A Á m ef a&muf y k H
tEkyg'daoo 'kwd,edAÁmefokdY rul;MurDtwGif;
oOyg'daoo yXredAÁmefBuD;ü tNrJwnfMuukefí
txGwt
f jrwfjzpfaom vlUcsr;f om ewfcsr;f om jA[®mh
csrf;omwdkYudk tpOfcHpm; pHpm;íom aeMu&ukef\/
tEk y g'd a ooed A Á m ef a &muf y H k
vlUcsr;f om ewfcsr;f om jA[®mch sr;f omwdu
Yk kd b0rsm;pGm
urÇm rsm;pGm cHpm; pHpm;Muukefí tm;&Muukefaom
tcg NiD;aiGUMuukefaomtcg pufqkyfMuukefaaom
tcgrS cE¨mig;yg;wdu
Yk kd pGeyYf pfí (tEkyg'daoo) 'kw,
d
edAÁmefodkY ul;Muukef\/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

408

owå0gwd\
Yk pdwu
f kd jyKjyifrw
I w
Ykd iG f þuJo
h Ykd aumif;jrwfaom
tzdkYü edpöed,mrtjzpfodkYa&mufatmif jyKjyifrIudkum; ocFg&'ku©
[lírqdt
k yf/
þrSwpfyg;aom oDvtvkyfç orm"dtvkyfç ynmtvkyf
[lorQwdkYonffum; ocFg&'ku©rIwdkYomwnf;/
tb,fhaMumifhenf;qdkaomfb0awG urÇmawGom terw*¾ ukefarsmí tyg,fav;
bHkuyif xç&aom vrf;rsdK;r[kwfav? tyg,frsdK; tyg,f½dk;uyif
uRwfvGwfEdkifaom vrf;rsdK; r[kwfaomaMumifhwnf;/
þwG i f a ½G U um; bm0emav;q,f t "d y Ü g ,f u d k
tus,f j yqd k c ef ; NyD ; \/
-----------------

ed*Hk; 3-*gxm
1/
2/
3/

e*a& ysOf;rem; emar? t&an yAÁwEÅa&/
wH ed0goD[d om"l[d? "r®umar[d um&daw/
oÚäaEé om& ½kau©[d? pE´aemuoDwav/
puFar omvr@rSd? 0oaEÅe r,m uwm/
0dykvw¬H 'Dy,EÅD? {om bm0em'DyeD/
£a"0 oEÅm AkkZÑEÅK? bma0wGm bm0em £rmwd/

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

409

usrf ; jyK&mXme 1/
ysO;f rem; emar=y#d½yl taevSvsuf a'ooD;jcm; ysO;f rem;
[k xif&Sm;aom trnf&Sdxaom? e*a&=NrdKUü? t&an=ukvm;
av;wm ig;&mru uGma0;vSí t&nt*FgESifhvnf; jynfhpHkpGm
xaom? yAÁwEÅa&=0J,majr§mif,Suf awmifESpfzufwdkY\twGif;ü?
"r®umar[d=w&m;"r® ESpo
f m&udk 'd|xifvif; odjrifjcif;iSg tvd&k dS
Muukefaom? wHed0goD[d om"l[d=xdkysOf;rem;NrdKUae rdwfaqG
jref r mouú & mZf
taygif; olawmfaumif;wdkYonf? um&daw=jref
1266-ck? 'kwd,0gqdkv twGif;wGif tvsiftjref aqmufvkyf
aptyfxaom/
usrf ; jyKyk * ¾ d K vf 2/
om&½kau©[d=acsmoG,fjrifhjzL; pGifhpGifhjrL;vsuf txl;Munf
vif tESp,
f OS u
f ek af om opfyifysKd taygif;wdo
Yk nf? oÚäaEé=tudik ;f
tcuf AdwmefMuufoYkd ul;,Supf x
D yf zH;k vTr;f tyfxaom? pE´aemu
oDwav=prf;a&pdrahf & wpfawGawGvQif ajrwGit
f xl; a&½Tijf rL;í
vGefcsrf;ajrh&mvnf;jzpfxaom? omvr@rSd=arT;ysHUoif;BudKif
tif M uif ; Nrd K if trnf&Sdxaom? puFar=trnfrwdrf ax&fr
[dev
f Qif xdew
f bH;k a0 oH;k yap[k a'0geHy,
d 'DyaoXfeif; aqmuf
vSLESSif;onfh pBuøtvm; tvsm;tawmifajcmufq,f pm;pm;
u,fonf &SnfoG,fjyefYanmif; pBuøausmif;ü? 0oaEÅe=oDwif;
0guyfqdkaexdkifaom? r,m=rHk½GmNrdKU v,fwDawmausmif;q&m
igonf?

tpodYk

bm0em'DyeD

410

usrf ; NyD ; umv 3/
0dykvw¬H=bm0emav;q,fwdkY\ us,f0ef;jyefYjzL;aom
teuft"dyÜg,fudk? 'Dy,EÅD=xifvif;pGm jyxGef;Edkifaom? {om
bm0em'DyeD=bm0em'DyeDtrnf½Sdaom þusrf;opfudk? uwm=
oDwif;uRwfvqef;wGif pD&iftyf tNyD;owfownf;/
oEÅm=pdwfESvHk; vdrfrmukefaom ynm½Sdtaygif; olawmf
aumif;wdkYonf? £rm bm0em=þav;q,faom bm0emw&m;
wdkYudk? bma0wGm=yGm;rsm;tm;xkwfMuukefí? £a"0=þbk&m;
omoemüyifvQi?f AkZÑEKÅ =bHpk OfpaH nmif; aAm"daESmif;ESihf taMumif;
oifhí yGifhMuygapukefownf;/
]]bHkpOfpHanmif; aAm"daESmif;}} [laompum;\ t"dyÜg,fudk
igwdkY pD&ifaom aAm"dyu©d,'DyeD pmtkyftqHk;wGif jyqdkvsuf
yg½Sad v\/

bm0em'DyeDusrf; NyD;\/
--------- Ä ---------

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful