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a&;om;pD&ifawmfrltyfaom

ur® | mef ; usrf ; BuD ;


rmwd u m
1- omoem 3-&yf u d k j yqd k c ef ;
(u) ud a vom tod k u f t tk H B uD ; 3-rsKd ;
(c) omoem 3-&yf
2- oD v ud k j yqd k c ef ;
(u) tmZD 0 |ruoD v
(c) tmZD 0 |ru oD v \o½k y f
(*) "lwif 13-yg; o½kyf
(C) pwk y g&d o k ' ¨ d o D v o½k y f
(i) urÇ m apmif h w &m;BuD ; 2-yg;
(p) urÇ m apmif h w &m;BuD ; 2-yg;aMumif h
'k p ½d k u f 10-yg; uif ; vG w f y k H
(q) urÇ m OD ; tcgü tmZD 0 |ruoD v
t|*F O aygoxoD v ç 'o*F o D v wd k Y ay:ayguf a eyk H
(Z) urÇ m apmif h w &m;BuD ; 2-yg;ES i f h
OaygoxoD v ç 'o*F o D v w&m;qk w f , k w f v myH k
(ps) rZÑd r omoemrS p í omoemtpOf t wk d i f ;
tmZD 0 |ruoD v ü qk H ; rMuí wnf x G e f ; vmMuyk H
(n) tmZD 0 |ruoD v onf urÇ m Y " r® w moD v jzpf y k H
(#) tmZD0|ruoDvü wnfí jyKvkyfMuaom 'gerIç
OaygoxrI w d k Y o nf BuD ; us,f a om tusd K ;ud k a y;y
y;ykH
(X) tmZD 0 |ruoD v aqmuf w nf y k H
(!) owd a y;csuf q k d
3- ur® | mef ; ,l y k H u k d jyqk d c ef ; cef ;
(u) ur®|mef; (40) aqmifyk'f oHcdyf
(c) oyÜg, tjym;
(*) yvd a Am"MuD ; 10-yg;
(C) q&mY t *F g 7-yg;
(i) MuOf a &S m if t yf a om t&yf 18-yg;
(p) ur® | mef ; pD ; jzef ; jcif ; iS m avsmuf y wf a om
t*F g ig;yg;&S d a omausmif ;
(q) yvd a Am"i,f y,f j zwf j cif ; rsm;
(Z) t*F g 4-yg;ES i f h xd k u f w ef a om-
(4) uod k P f ; ud k j yqd k c ef ;
(u) yx0D - ajruod k P f ; yG m ;rsm;tm;xk w f y k H
(c) tmayg-a&uod k P f ; yG m ;rsm;tm;xk w f y k H
(*) awaZm-rD ; uod k P f ; yG m ;rsm;tm;xk w f y k H
(C) 0ga,m-avuok d P f ; yG m ;rsm;tm;xk w f y k H
(i) eD v tnd K uod k P f ; yG g ;rsm;tm;xk w f y H k
(p) yD w - t0guod k P f ; yG m ;rsm;tm;xk w f y k H
(q) avm[d w teD u od k P f ; yG m ;rsm;tm;xk w f y H k
(Z) Mo'gw- tjzLuod k P f ; yG m ;rsm;tm;xk w f y k H
(ps) tmavmu-tvif ; uod k P f ; yG m ;rsm;tm;xk w f y k H
(n) tmumo aumif ; uif u ok d P f ; yG m ;rsm;tm;xk w f y k H
(5) tok b ur® | mef ; ud k jyqd k c ef ;
(u) O'¨ K rmwu tok b ur® | mef ; yG m ;rsm;tm;xk w f y H k
(c) 0d e D v u tok b ur® | mef ; yG g ;rsm;tm;xk w f y k H
(*) 0d y k A Á u tok b ur® | mef ; yG g ;rsm;tm;xk w f y k H
(C) 0d p ä d ' ´ u tok b ur® | mef ; yG g ;rsm;tm;xk w f y k H
(i) 0d u © m ,d w u tok b ur® | mef ; yG g ;rsm;tm;xk w f y k H

(p) 0d u © d w å u tok b ur® | mef ; yG g ;rsm;tm;xk w f y k H


(q)[w0d u © d w å u tok b ur® | mef ; yG g ;rsm; tm;xk w f y H k

(Z) avm[d w u tok b ur® | mef ; yG g ;rsm;tm;xk w f y H k

(ps) yk V K0u tok b ur® | mef ; yG g ;rsm;tm;xk w f y H k

(n) t|d u tok b ur® | mef ; yG g ;rsm;tm;xk w f y H k

(6) tEk ó wd u r® | mef ; ud k j yqd k c ef ;


(u) Ak ' ¨ g Ek ó wd ur® | mef ; yG m ;rsm;tm;xk w f y k H
(c) "r® m Ek ó wd ur® | mef ; yG m ;rsm;tm;xk w f y k H
(*) oH C mEk ó wd u r® | mef ; yG m ;rsm;tm;xk w f y k H
(C) oD v mEk ó wd u r® | mef ; yG m ;rsm;tm;xk w f y H k
(i) pm*gEk ó wd u r® | mef ; yG m ;rsm;tm;xk w f y H k
(p) a'0wmEk ó wd u r® | mef ; yG m ;rsm;tm;xk w f y k H
(q) OyormEk ó wd u r® | mef ; yG m ;rsm;tm;xk w f y H k
(Z) r&PmEk ó wd u r® | mef ; yG m ;rsm;tm;xk w f y H k
(ps)um,uwmowd u r® | mef ; yG m ;rsm;tm;xk w f y H k
(n) tmemygeówd u r® | mef ; yG g ;rsm;tm;xk w f y H k
7-jA[® 0 d [ m& ur® | mef ; ud k jyqd k c ef ;
(u) arwå m jA[® 0 d [ m& ur® | mef ; yG m ;rsm;tm;xk w f y k H
(c-*) u&k P mç rk ' d w m jA[® 0 d [ m&
yG m ;rsm;tm;xk w f y H k
(C) Oayu© m jA[® 0 d [ m& yG m ;rsm; tm;xk w f y k H
8-tm½k y Ü u r® | mef ; ud k jyqd k c ef ;
(u) yXrtm½k y Ü u r® | mef ; yG m ;rsm;tm;xk w f y H k
(c) 'k w d , m ½k y Ü u r® | mef ; yG m ;rsm; tm;xk w f y H k
(*) wwd , m½k y Ü u r® | mef ; yG m ;rsm;tm;xk w f y H k
(C) pwk w ¬ m ½k y Ü u r® | mef ; yG m ;rsm;tm;xk w f y H k

(9) tm[ma&y#d u l v onm ur® | mef ; ud k j yqd k c ef ;

(10)pwk " mwk 0 0w¬ m ef u r® | mef ; uk d jyqk d c ef ;

(11) tbd n mOf u d k jyqd k c ef ;


(u) £'¨ d 0 d " tbd n m uod k P f ; wd k Y \ tpG r f ;
(c) 'd A Á a omw tbd n m
(*) y&pdwå 0dZmee tbdnm
(C) yk a AÁ e d 0 gomEk ó wd tbd n m
(i) 'd A Á p u© K tbd n m
12 -pd w å 0 d o k ' ¨ d o nf 0d y óem\ tajccH j zpf y H k

13- t"d y nmomoemud k jyqd k c ef ;


(u) 'd | d 0 d o k ' ¨ d j zpf y H k
(c) ucF g 0d w &P0d o k ' ¨ d j zpf y k H
(*) 0dyóemÓPf 10-yg;
(C) r*¾ g r*¾ Ó P'óe0d o k ' d ¨ j zpf y H k
(i) y#d y 'gÓP'óe0d o k ' d ¨ j zpf y H k
(p) yxr r*¾ Ó P'óe0d o k ' ¨ d j zpf y H k
14-ed A Á m ef u d k jyqd k c ef ;

(u) ed A Á m ef \ at;Nid r f ; aomoabm


(c) tyl E S p f r sKd ;
(*) tyl r S ed A Á m ef \ at;Nid r f ; yH k
(C) oOyg'd a ooçtEk y g'd a oo-ed A Á m ef 2-rsd K ;
(i) ok n w ted r d w å ç tyÜ P D [ d w ed A Á m ef 3-rsd K ;
(15) 0d y óem½I e nf ; jyqk d c ef ;

(u) a0g[m&ajrud k j yqd k c suf


(c) y&rwf a jrud k jyqd k c suf
(*) y&rwf a jr"mwf ü "mwf r suf v H k ; wnf a xmif y H k

16-rZÑd r yk * ¾ d K vf w d k Y &I e nf ; ud k j yqd k c ef ;

(u) y&rwf E S p f ajrtppf


(c) y&rwf E S p f a&tppf
(*) y&rwf E S p f rD ; tppf
(C) y&rwf E S p f avtppf
(i) avmuk w å & m t&d , 0d Z Æ m xG u f & yf v rf ;

17-wd u © y k * ¾ d K vf w d k Y ½I e nf ; ud k j yqd k c ef ;
(u) tcsuf B uD ; 4-csuf
(c) r[mbk w f B uD ; 4-yg;wd k Y \ tvG e f o d r f a rG U ao;zG J y H k E S i f h
tjzpf t ysuf t vG e f v sif j ref y H k
(*) tmumo 4-yg; Munf h & I & ef
(C) ted p ö v u© P m rxif j rif E d k i f y k H
(i) "mwf B uD ; 4-yg;ES i f Y bm0emud p ö N yD ; Ed k i f y H k
(p) "mwf q D ç "mwf r D ; wd k Y u d k trS D j yKí ½k y f w &m;wd k Y ü
(q) emru© E ¨ m 4-yg;wd k Y ü ted p ö v u© P m
azmf e nf ; zG i f h e nf ;
(Z) 0d n mOf 6-yg; emru© E ¨ m 4-yg;uk d j yqd k c suf
(ps) ed ' ´ g &mrwm-paom wPS m 4-rsd K ;ud k jyqd k c suf
(n) 24-ypö n f ; wd k Y j zif h xif o mjrif o m&S d a tmif j yqd k c suf

18--ed * H k ;
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 1
ur®|mef;usrf;BuD;
earm wó b*0awm t&[awm
or® m orÁ K '¨ ó /
1-omoem 3-&yf u d k j yqd k c ef ;
oDvH orm"d ynm p?
,ó {aw okbm0dwm/
twduúr® rm&a",sH?
tm'dapöm0 0da&mpwd/
(£wd0kwfygVdawmf)
teuf/ /bdu©a0=oHo&mab;udk ½Iavh½SdMuukefaom
tdk-cspfom;cspforD;wdkY? ,ó=tMuifolonf? oDvÍö=t"doDv
odu©m[kqdktyfaom oDvudkvnf;aumif;? orm"d p=t"dpdwå
odu©m[kqdktyfaom orm"dudkvnf;aumif;? ynm p=t"dynm
odu©m [kqdktyfaom ynmudkvnf;aumif;? {aw=þokH;yg;aom
w&m;wdkYudk? okbm0dwm=qkH;cef;wdkifatmif aumif;pGmyGg;rsm;tyf
ukef\? aom=xdkolonf? rm&a",sH=rm&frif;\EkdifiHudk? twduúr®=
vGefajrmufí? tm'dapöm0=qD;ESif;ç jrLç wdrfç ol&defç rD;cdk;-
npfrsK;d ig;tif uif;pifawmufy wifw h ,fvaS om aerif;Bu;D uJo
h ?Ykd
0da&mpwd=xGef;vif;wifhw,f\/
aqmifyk'foHcdyf/ /t"doDv? pdwå ynm? omoem? odu©m
3-yg;rS w f /
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 2
jrwfpGmbk&m; omoemawmfjrwfBuD;onf-
1/ t"doDv omoemawmfjrwfBuD; 1-yg;ç
2/ t"dpdwå omoemawmfjrwfBuD; 1-yg;ç
3/ t"dynm omoemawmfjrwfBuD; 1-yg;ç
[lí omoemawmfjrwfBuD; 3-yg; ½Sd\/
«odu©m 3-yg;[lí vnf;ac:\? þomoem 3-yg;\
tcGifhum;udavomudky,fowfrIwnf;/»
(u) ud a vom tod k u f t tk H B uD ; 3-rsKd ;
þukd,fcE¨mü udavomtodkuf ttkHonf-
1/ 0Dwduúr bkHBuD; 1yg;ç
2/ y&d,k|me bkHBuD; 1yg;ç
3/ tEko, bkHMuD; 1yg;ç
[lí bkHBuD; 3-yg; ½Sd\/
(EdkifiHBuD; 3-yg;vnf; qkd&\/ wdkufBuD; 3-wdkufvnf;qdk&\/)
xdk 3-yg;wdkYwGif-
1/ um,uçH 0pDuH 2-yg;onf 0DwduúrbkHBuD;ç 0Dwduúr
EkdifiHBuD;ç 0DwduúrwdkufBuD; rnf\/
(udk,ftrlt&maomif;Murf;rIç vGefusL;rIç
EIwftrlt&maomif;Murf;rIç vGefusL;rI/)
2/ raemuHpkonf y&d,k|mebkHBuD;ç y&d,k|meEkdifiHBuD;ç
y&d,k|mewdkufBuD; rnff\/
(tjyifodkYr&muf pdwfxJwGifom qlylx<uaomif;Murf;aerI)
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 3
3/ uH 3-yg;tjzpfodkY ra&mufrlí terw*¾ b0oHo&m
wpfcGifü udk,fcE¨mtpOfrSm tNrJedpö xm0& wnfaxmif udef;0yf
pnfum; yGm;pD;íaeaom todkufttHkBuD;onf tEko,bkHBuD;ç
tEko, EdkifiHBuD;ç tEko,wdkufBuD; rnf\/
aqmif y k ' f o H c d y f / / tpOf p G J u yf ? ik y f u d e f ; 0yf ? rsd K ;"mwf
Ek o ,H /
tyg,fZmwfç vlZmwfçewfZmwf xGuf&ef rsdK;apYtae
tm;jzifY pdwfoEÅmefwGif pGJíuyfí ikwfí0yfíudef;í tpOftNrJ
aeaom uHa[mif;uHopfwdkYudk odkavSmifxm;aom *kda'gifBuD;uJY
odw Yk nf;/
(ajcmuf'gG &wdrYk mS tm½kq H ufvmwdik ;f udavomrD;awmuf
&efç uH 3-yg;jzpfay:&ef tjrpfrlvADZ todkufttkHBuD;[lvdk/)
xdbk BHk u;D xkEd idk if BH u;D rS raemuHwYkd jzpfvm&uke\ f ? raemuH
wdkYrS um,uHç 0pDuHwdkY jzpfvm&ukef\/
Oyrm/ / þcE¨mBuD;onf rD;jcpf½Sd aq;cJESifhwl\/
tEko,EdkifiHBuD;onf rD;jcpf½Sd aq;cJwGif tjynfhwnf
½Sdaom rD;"mwfrsdK;ESifhwl\/
tm½k H E S i f h a wG U í pd w f E S v k H ; rS m ud a vomx<urI o nf
aumfywfESifhwdkufí rD;jcpfaq;cJrS rD;awmufonfESifh wl\/
udk,ft*Fgç EIwft*Fgç vIyf½Sm;aomif;Murf;rIonf xdkrD;
awmufrS 0w¬Kwpfyg;odkY rD;ul;í tdrf&mç 0if;NcHudk avmifonfESifh
wl\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 4
(u) avmbbkHBuD; 3-yg;ç
(c) a'gobkHBuD; 3-yg;ç
(*) arm[bkHBuD; 3-yg;ç
(C) 'd|b d BHk u;D 3-yg;ç
ponfjzifh toD;oD; bkHBuD; 3-yg; pD ½SdMu\/
(c) omoem 3-&yf
t"dov D omoem- t"dov D odum© onf udavomwd\ Yk
0DwduúrbkHBuD;ç EkdifiHBuD;udk zsufqD;&ef vufeufrsKd;wnf;/
t"dpdwå omoem- t"dpdwåodu©monf y&d,k|mebkHBuD;ç
EkdifiHBuD;udk zsufqD;&efvufeufrsKd;wnf;/
t"dynm omoem- t"dynmodum© onf tEko,bkBH u;D ç
EkdifiHBuD;udk zsufqD;&efvufeufrsKd;wnf;/
þtEko, EkdifiHBuD; tukefysufpD;rS udavomrsKd;jywf
onf? udavomrsKd;jywfrS uH 3-yg; uRwfvGwfonf? uH 3-yg;
uRwfvGwfrS 0#f'ku©csKyfNidrf;onf/
jrwfpGmbk&m;\ omoemawmfüum;-
tEko,Edik if BH u;D udk zsuq f ;D rIonfom vd&k if;y"mewnf;/
xdEk idk if BH u;D udzk suqf ;D jcif;iSg a½S;OD;pGm oDvudjk znfu
h sirhf çI orxudyk mG ;
rsm;rIwdYkjzifh jyifyt&H EdkifiHESpf&yfudk okwfoif½Sif;vif;NyD;rS bk&m;
omoemawmfwGif;rSm vkd&if;y"mejzpfaom tEko,EdkifiHBuD;odkY
csOf;eif;cGifhomavownf;/
(þum;-ur® | meea,mya'o-usrf ; \tcsuf t csm
omoemawmfBuD; 3-yg;\ tcGifhudk jyqdkcef;wnf;/)
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 5
2-oD v ud k j yqd k c ef ;
(u) tmZD 0 |ruoD v
aqmifyk'foHcdyf/ / tm'd j A[® ? p&d , ES i f h ? xd k r S w pf p d ?
tmbdormpm&du? þESpf0? oDv
omoem/
t"doDv omoemç t"doDv odu©mütusOf;tm;jzifh-
1/ tm'djA[®p&d,u oDvç
2/ tmbdormpm&du oDvç
[lí 2-yg;½Sdonf/
xdk 2-yg; wdkYwGif-
1/ aomwmywå d r *f ç ou'g*grd r *f ç tem*grd r *f ç
t&[wår*f-[kqt kd yfaom r*f 4-yg;onf jA[®p&d, rnf\? xdrk *f
4-yg;udk ,ckb0 &vdk ,lvdk a&mufvdkaom olwdkY\ a½S;OD;pGm
edpöoDvtjzpfESifh xlaxmifjznfhusifhtyfaom oDvrsKd;onf
tm'djA[®p&d,uoDvrnf\/
2/ xdktay:wGif trTrf;wif jzpfaom oDvrsdK;onf
tmbdormpm&duoDvrnf\/
aqmifyk'foHcdyf/ /tmZD0|? tusOf;jy? jA[®tm'dom/
tusOf;csKyftm;jzifh-jyqkdonf½Sdaomf tmZD0|ru oDv
onf tm'djA[®p&d,u oDvrnf\? &[ef;wdkY\227-yg;aom
odum© y'oDvpkonf þtmZD0|ruoDvü tusK;H 0ifaomaMumifh
tusOf;jy[lí qkdownf;/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 6
aqmifyk'foHcdyf/ /um,okH;vD? av;0pD? tmZD½Spfor®m/
(u) um,okp½kduf 3-yg;ç
(c) 0pDokp½kduf 4-yg;ç
aygif; 7-yg; jzpf\/
,if; 7-yg;rSm 8-ckajrmuf or®mtmZD0 jznfhí ]]tmZD
0|ru}} ac:onf/
(raemokp½kduf 3-yg;usef½SdonfrSm t"dpdwåomoemç
t"dynmomoemwkdY\ qkdif&mjzpfí usef½Sdavonf/)
(c) tmZD 0 |ru oD v \o½k y f
1/ ygPmwdygwm a0&rPdç
2/ t'dEém'gem a0&rPdç
3/ umarokrdpämpm&m a0&rPdç
4/ rkom0g'g a0&rPdç
5/ ydokP0gpm, a0&rPdç
6/ z½ko0gpm, a0&rPdç
7/ oræyÜvmyg a0&rPdç
8/ rdpämZD0g a0&rPdç
aqmif y k ' f o H c d y f / /usif h 0 wf " l w if ? trT r f ; wif ? jzLpif
bd o rm/
(u) &[ef ; awmf w k d Y ü OyZÑm,0wf ç tmp&d , 0wf
tp½Sad omusi0hf wfw&m;pkç "lwif aw&opkonf tm'djA[®p&d,u
ay:wGif trTrf;wif tmbdormpm&du oDvrnf\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 7
(c) vlwdkYü 8-yg;aomOaygoxoDvç10-yg;oDvç
tcsdKUaom"lw*FoDvrsm;onf tmbdormpm&du yifwnf;/
(*) "lwif 13-yg; o½kyf
1/ yHokul"lwif-&xm;vrf;ç okomefç wHrsufacs; pkykH&m
t&yf ponfwdkYü olwpfyg;wdkY ypfpGefYxm;aom
ajrrIefYtvdrf;vdrf;uyfaom t0wfukdaumuf,lí
jyKtyfaom ouFef;udkom 0wf½kHjcif;/
2/ wdpD0&dwf"lwif-'kuk#fç udk,f0wf oif;ydkif[k qkdtyf
aom ouFef; 3-xnfudkom aqmifjcif;/
3/ yd@ygwf"w l if-cHí&aom qGr;f udo k m ok;H aqmifjcif;/
4/ oy'gepm&du"lwif-tdrfpOfç &GmpOfçc&D;pOfç rysuf
qGr;f cHjcif;/
5/ {umoedu"lwif-wpfxdkifwnf;üom qGrf;pm;jcif;/
6/ ywåy@ d u d "lwif- oydww f pfcük ½Sad om pm;zG,u f o kd m
pm;jcif;/
7/ cvkypämbwdu å "lwif- rdrd qGr;f pm;qJwiG f vufraD om
t&yftwGif;odkY pm;zG,fudk olwpfOD;u uyfrnf[k
,lvm&mawmfNyçD tvdrk ½SNd yçD [kypfy,fNyaD om tpmudk
wpfzef pm;xdkufjyefatmif twd&dwf 0denf;uHudk
jyKíyif rpm;jcif;/
8/ tm&nuif"lwif- awmausmif;ü aejcif;/
9/ ½ku©rl"lwif- opfyif&if;üom aejcif;/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 8
10/ taAÇmumodu"lwif- trk;d ç opf&yd rf ½Sad om vGijf yifü
omaejcif;/
11/ aomomedu"lwif- okomefocsØKif;üom aejcif;/
12/ ,xmoEåwdu"lwif-&&orQaom ausmif;ü a&mifh
&Jjcif;/
13/ aeoZÆdu"lwif- avsmif;í rtdyfrlí usifhjcif;/
aqmif y k ' f o H c d y f / / ygwd a rmu© ? oH 0 &ES i f h ? ZD 0 yg&d ?
ok ' ¨ d w vS p f ? ypö , oef ? ed ó d w H w nf h ?
ajcmuf w ef £ a`E´ ? vk H N cKH a prI ? ok ' ¨ d p k ?
pwk a v;vD j zm/
(C) pwk y g&d o k ' ¨ d o D v o½k y f
1/ ygwdarmu©oH0&oDvç
2/ tmZD0yg&dok'd¨oDvç
3/ ypö,oEédódwoDvç
4/ £`E´d,oH0&oDvç
1/ ygwdarmu©oH0&oDv-[lonfum; 227-oG,faom
odu©myk'fudk rusdK;rayguf rajymuf rusm;atmif
xde;f odr;f apmifah &Smufjcif;onf ygwdarmu©o0H &oDv
rnf\/
2/ tmZD0yg&dok'¨doDv-[lonfum; þokH;aqmifbG,f
onf ightm;½SdNyD? xdktvkH;pkH tydktrdk okH;aqmif
bG,fonf wefNyDç awmfNyD[k þodkY qifjcifjcif;onf
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 9
abmZerwåñkwm rnf\/
þodkY okH;aqmifbG,f roifhaom ypönf;udk y,fíokH;
aqmifbG,foifhaom ypönf;udk okH;aqmif jcif;ü vdr®monf\
tjzpfonf tmZD0yg&dok'¨doDv rnf\/
3/ ypö,oEédódwoDv-[lonfum; ausmif;ç ouFef;ç
qGrf;ç aq; [kqdktyfaom ypönf;wdkYü ynmjzifh
qifjcifí okH;aqmifjcif;onf ypö,oEédódwoDv
rnf\/
4/ £`E, d´ oH0&oDv-[lonfum; pu©Kpaom £a`E´ 6-
yg;wdkYüvkHNcHKatmif xdef;odrf;apmifha&SmufrIonf
£`E´d,oH0&oDv rnf\/
ygwdarmu©o0H &oDvç tmZD0yg&do'k o ¨d v
D ? þ 2-yg;um;
tm'djA[®p&d,u oDvrdsK;wnf;/ ypö,oEédódwoDvç £`E´d,
oH0&oDv? þ 2-yg;um; tmbdormpm&du oDvrsdK;wnf;/
þ ygwdarmu©o0H & oDv[laom tm'djA[®p&d, d u 227-
yg;aom odu©my'oDvwdkYudk tusOf;csHK;vdkufaomf &[ef;wdkY\
tmZD0|ruoDv jzpfav\/
xdkoDvonf r*¾jA[®p&d,\ tptOD;jzpfí tm'djA[®
p&d,u oDv rnf\/
tptOD;qdo k nfum;- eHeuftcgüta½SUt&yfrS wufaom
aet½kPfonf xdkaeY\ tptOD;jzpfí xdkaeYü twGif;0if
jzpfavouJhodkY þ 227-yg;aom odu©my' oDvtaygif;onf
aomwmywådr*¾oDvü oN*ØK[fa&wGufjcif;odkY a&muf\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 10
,ckumv þoDvESifh jynfhpkHMuukefaom oDv0EÅ &[ef;
wdkYonf t&d,myk*¾Kdvf 8-a,mufwdkYwGif aou©yk*¾dKvfwdkYü oN*ØK[f
a&wGufjcif;odkY a&mufukef\/
r[m0gcE¨u plV0gcE¨u-wdkYüvmaom OyZÑm,0wfç
tmp&d,0wf tp&Sdaom usifh0wfw&m;wdkYonf xdktm'djA[®
p&d,uoDvay:wGif ta&mifwif trTrf;wif oDvjzpfayí
txGwftjrwfjzpfaom tusifhtmpm&[laom teufaMumifh
tmbdormpm&du oDvrnf\/
avmukw&å m oDvonfru l m; tEkw&å t"dov D aywnf;/
OyZÑm,0wfç tmp&d,0wf tp&Sdaom cE¨u0wf tusifh
wdu
hk kd jynfph pkH mG rjznfEh idk af om&[ef;tm; tm'djA[®p&d,uoDvonf
jynfhpkHNrJr[kwf? EGm;ajymuf EGm;usm;uhJodkY taMumif tusm;om
jzpfNrw J nf;/
xdk0wftusifhwdkYudk o'¨gç 0D&d, EkHUMuaomolwdkYonf
jznfhusifhvdkaompdwfyif r&SdMuukef? xdkolwdkYonf o'¨gç 0D&d,
xufoefvSrS jznfhusifhEdkif&maom tcsKdUaom tm'djA[®p&d,u
odu©myk'fwdkYüvnf;aumif;ç orx ur®|mef;tvkyf 0dyóem
ur®|mef; tvkyfwdkYüvnf;aumif; pdwfyif r½SdMuukef/
o'¨gç 0D&, d udk xlaxmifí xk0d wftusiw Yf u
Ykd kd jznfu
h siEhf ikd f
aom olwdkYonfrlum; tm'djA[®p&d,u odu©myk'fwdkYüvnf;
cJ,Of;rIr½SMd uuke/f
(þum; &[ef;awmfESifh oufqdkifaom oDv0dok'¨dudk
jyqdkcsufwnf;/)
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 11
vlwEYkd iS o
hf ufqikd af om oDv0do'k u
d¨ kd twefi,f ½Si;f vif;í
jyOD;tH/h
t|*F O aygox oD v
½Spyf g;oDv- rnfonf C&m0go orÁm"ü wnfaeMuukef
aom yuwdvlwYdk\ oDvwnf;/
xdyk uwdvw l o
Ykd nf tjA[®p&d,ç 0dumvabmZe paom
trIrsm;udk tNreJ pd x
ö m0& MuOfa½Smif jcif;iSm rwwfEidk Mf uuke&f um;
wpfvvQif 4-oDwif;ç 8-oDwif; trSwfjyKí apmifhxdef;Muaom
tedpöoDvrsKd;aywnf;/
(edpöjyKí apmifhvQifvnf; tvGefaumif;jrwfyg\/)
'o oDv
10-yg;oDv-onfrlum; edpöç tedpö ESpfrsKd;&\/
C&m0goudpöudk pGefYvTwfí t0wfaMumifç t0wfjzL-
[laomyuwdvw l Ykd t0wfuykd ,fí t&['¨Z t0iftygjzpfaom
anmifacgufponfh zef&nfjzifh qdk;tyfaom t0wfudk 0wfaom
vloal wmfrsm;wdt Yk m; xdk 10-yg;aom oDvonf edpo ö v D rsK;d jzpf\/
xkt
d 0wfukd 0wfro d nfEiS hf wjyKd ief uf xdo k w l tYkd m; xdo k v
D
onfwnfav\/
wnf \ -qd k o nf u m;----xd k t 0wf u d k 0wf r d o nf E S i f h
wpfjydKifeufxdkolwdkYonf tjA[®p&d,ç 0dumvabmZe-paom
trI r sm;ud k jyKjcif ; iS m rxd k u f M uuk e f j yD ? jyKcJ h v Qif t&['¨ Z
t0wftoGifESifh rxdkufwefaomtrIjzpfí tvZÆDoabmodkY
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 12
a&mufukef\? þuJhodkY jyKjcif;iSm rxdkufwefaom oabmodkY
oufa&mufonfudk tajcjyKí xdkoDvwnfonf-[kqdkownf;/
(edpöoDvrsKd;[lorQ þenf;csnf;omwnf;/)
yuwd vl0wfaMumifwt Ykd m; xdu
k ohJ aYkd om edpo
ö v
D taeESihf
wnfrIudk r&tyf? 8-yg;oDvuJhodkYyif aqmufwnfrS&aom tedpö
rsKd;omjzpf\/ edpöjyKí apmifhxdef;vdkvQif edpötaeESifh cH,lrS&\/
(þum; tusOf;rQjyqdkcsufwnf;)
----------
tmZD 0 |ru oD v
tmZD0|ruoDv-qdo k nfum; okp½ku
d f 10-yg;wGif raem
okp½kduf 3-yg;udk csefvSyfaomf um, okp½dkuf 3-yg;ç 0pDok½dkuf
4-yg;[lí 7-yg;&\? ¤if; 7-yg;rSm or®mtmZD0 0d&wDudkxnfhí
tmZD0|ru oDvac:\/
um,okp½dkuf 3-yg;um; or®mur®EÅ 0d&wDwnf;/
0pDokp½dkuf 4-yg;um; or®m0gpm0d&wDwnf;/
or®m0gpmç or®mur®EÅç or®mtmZD0-[lí 0d&wD 3-
yg;jzpf\/
xdk 3-yg;wdkYwGif or®m0gpm 0d&wDonf-
1/ rkom0g'g a0&rPD-
2/ ydokP0gpm, a0&rPDç
3/ z½ko0gpm, a0&rPDç
4/ oræyÜvmyg a0&rPDç
[lí 4-yg; tjym;½Sd\
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 13
or®mur®EÅ 0d&wD onfvnf;-
1/ ygPmwdygwm a0&rPDç
2/ t'dEém'gem a0&rPDç
3/ umarokrdpämpm&m a0&rPDç
[lí 3-yg;tjym;½Sd\/
or®mtmZD0 0d&wDru l m; toufarG;rI\ tpGr;f jzifjh yK&aom
ygPmwdygw-tp½Sad om xd'k pk ½ku d f 7-yg;wdu
Yk kd rdpmä ZD0 'kp½du
k rf sKd ;
ac:&jyef\? xdkrdpämZD0ac:&aom 'kp½kduf 7-yg;wdkYrS a½SmifMuOfrI
jzpfaomaMumifh 7-yg; jzpf\/
(u) or®m0gpm 0d&wd 4-yg;ç
(c) or®mur®EÅ 0d&wd 3-yg;ç
(*) or®mtmZD0 0d&wd 7-yg;ç
aygif; 0d&wd 14-yg; jzpf/
¤if; 14-yg;onf-
(u) orm'ge 0d&wd 14-yg;ç
(c) orÜwå 0d&wd 14-yg;ç
(*) orkapä' 0d&wd 14-yg; jzpf\/
orm'ge 0d & wD
orm'ge0d&wD- qdkonfum; ygPmwdygwm a0&rPD
odu©my'H orm'd,mrd-tp½Sdaom ygVd\ teuft"dyÜg,fudkodí
odwdkif;tm½kHjyKí cH,laomolwdkYtm; ]]rd}} tu©&mudk ½Gwfqdkrd
onfESifh wpfNydKifeuf xdkxdk 0d&wdonf jzpf\/
(þvnf; orm'ge 0d&wd 14-yg; wpfrsdK;)
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 14
olUtoufç olU0dnmPf-paom 0w¬Kudk awGUBuHKaomtcg
ighrSm cH,lxm;aom oDv½Sdayonf/ igvGefusL;í roifhay-
[ka½SmifMuOf\/a½SmifMuOfaom pdwfjzpfonfESifh wpfNydKiffeuf
0w¬Ktm;avsmfpGm xdkxdk 0d&wdonf jzpf\/
(þvnf; orm'ge 0d&wD 14-yg; wpfrsdK;)
orÜ w å 0d & wd
orÜwå 0d&wd-qdkonfum; cH,laqmufwnfí xm;rI
um;r½S d / 0w¬ K ud k awG U BuKH & aomtcgürl u m; vG w f a tmif
a½SmifMuOfay\? þodkY a½SmifMuOfaom olwdkYtm; a½SmifMuOfaom
pdwfjzpfonfESifh wpfNydKifeuf xdkxdk0w¬Ktm;avsmfpGm xdkxdk
0d&d wdonfjzpf\/
(þum; orÜwå 0d&wd rsdK;wnf;)
--------
ork a pä ' 0d & wd
ork a pä ' 0d & wd qd k o nf u m; aomwmywådr*f cPü-
ouúm,'d|d csKyNf ird ;f onfEiS hf wNyKd ief uf tyg,foYkd csEidk af om 'kp½ku
d f
10-yg;wdkYonf tNyD;wdkifcsKyfNidrf;ukef\/
xdkodkY csKyfNidrf;&mü-
or®m0gpm r*¾ifonf-0pD'kp½dkuf 4-yg;udk tNyD;wdkif csKyf
Nidrf;ap\/
or®mur®EÅ r*¾ifonf- um,'kp½dkuf 3-yg;udk tNyD;wdkif
csKyfNidrf;ap\
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 15
or®mtmZD0 r*¾io f nf-toufarG;rI\ tpGr;f jzifjh zpfaom
xdk 7-yg;aom 'kp½kdufwdkYudk tNyD;wdkif csKyfNidrf;ap\ þr*¾if 3-
yg;udk orkapä'0d&wdqdkonf/
(y,ftyfaom 'kp½du k t
f jym; 14-yg;udak xmufí orkapä'
0d&wd 14-yg;qdkonf/ r*fpdwåu©Prnfonf wpfcsufrQom
usonfjzpfí r*f0&d wdrmS rlum; avmuD0&d wdrmS uJo h Ykd tm½kt
H rsKd ;rsKd ;
cPtrsdK;rsdK;odkYvdkufí 14-yg; jzpfyGm;onfr[kwf/)
(u) orm'ge 0d&wd 28-yg;ç
(c) orÜwå 0d&wd 14-yg;ç
(*) orkapä' 0d&wd14-yg;ç aygif; 0d&wd 56-yg; jzpf\/
¤if;udk umv 3-yg;ESifh ajr§mufyGg;onf&Sdaomf 168-
yg;jzpf\/
¤if;udk oEÅmef 2-yg;ESifhajr§mufyG m;onf&Sdaomf 336-
yg;jzpf\/
¤if;udk t&yfrsuEf mS 10-ESihf ajrm§ ufymG ;onf&adS omf 3360-
yg;jzpf\/
¤if;udk yk*¾dKvfoEåmef toD;oD;ESifh ajr§mufyGm;onf&Sdaomf
0d&wdaygif; toacsF,s teEåjzpf\/
(þum; tmZD0|ru oDv0dok'¨dtjym;udk jyqdkcsufwnf;/)
--------------
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 16
(i) urÇ m apmif h w &m;BuD ; 2-yg;
cyfodrf;aom pMum0VmteEåç urÇmteEåwdkYü yuwd
oyÜK&do t*Fgvu©PmESifh jynfhpkHMuukefaom vltrsdK;aumif;ç
vlolawmfaumif;wdkY\ tNrJtpGJ t½dk;tpOfjzpfaom urÇmapmifh
w&m;um;-
1/ tmZD0|ru oDv 1-yg;ç
2/ jA[®pdk&fw&m; 1-yg;? þ 2-yg;wnf;/
urÇmapmifhw&m;-[kqdktyfaom 2-yg;aom w&m;ESifh
tNrJnDnmjynfhpkHMuaomtcgwdkYü þvlUjynfonf ewfjynfç
jA[®mjynfuo hJ Ykd Munfvifjcif; cyford ;f ESihf jynfph \
Hk / touf&nS rf çI
tvdr®mrI wdkYü ewfjynfajcmufxyf ewfwdkYonfyifrwkEdkif rjyKEkdif
&Su
d ek \
f /
xdw
k &m; 2-yg;wdYk tpOftwdik ;f qkw, f w
k í f oGm;aomtcg
vlYjynfü qkwfuyf[lí jzpf&\? þvlUjynfü xdkw&m; 2-yg;wdkY
vHk;vkH;uG,faysmufaomtcg 10-ESpfwrf;ü uyfBuD; 3-yg; tBuD;
tus,jf zpf\/
xdkurÇmapmifh w&m;BuD; 2-yg;wdkY wdk;wufjyefaomtcg
wufuyf jzpfvmjyef\/ þodkYaom taMumif;aMumifh urÇmapmifh
w&m; 2-yg; qdkownf;/
-----------------
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 17
(p) urÇ m apmif h w &m;BuD ; 2-yg;aMumif h
'k p ½d k u f 10-yg; uif ; vG w f y k H
xdu k rÇmapmifw h &m; 2-yg;ESihf aumif;pGm jynfph MHk uukeaf om
vltrsdK;aumif;wdkYtm; okp½dkuf10-yg;wdkYonf tNrJwnfukef\?
'kp½dkuf 10-yg;wdkYrS tpOfuif;vGwfMuukef\/
tb,fodkYvQif okp½dkuf 10-yg;wdkYonf tNrJwnfukef
oenf;? 'kp½du k f 10-yg;wdrYk S tpOfuif;vGwMf uukeo f enf;[lru
l m;-
avmuDjzpfaom tmZD0|ru oDvcdkifvkHonfhtwGuf
um,okp½dkuf 3-yg;ç 0pDokp½dkuf 4-yg;wdkY tNrJwnfukef\/
um,'kp½du k f 3-yg;ç 0pD'pk ½du k f 4-yg;wdrYk S tpOfuif;vGwMf uuke\ f /
jA[®pdk&f w&m; 4-yg; cdkifvkHonfhtwGuf raemokp½dkuf 3-yg;wdkY
tNrwJ nfuek \ f / raem'kp½du k f 3-yg;wdrYk S tpOf uif;vGwMf uuke\ f /
rk'dwmç Oayu©m jA[®pdk&fw&m; 2-yg; cdkifvkHonfhtwGuf
tebdZÑmw&m; raemokp½dkuf tNrJwnf\/ tbdZÑm raem
'kp½dkufrS tpOfuif;vGwf\/
arwåmç u½kPm jA[®pdk&fw&m; 2-yg; cdkifvkHonfhtwGuf
tAsmyg' raemokp½dkuf tNrJwnf\? Asmyg' raem'kp½dkufrS
tpOfuif;vGw\ f /
xkdw&m; 2-yg;wdkY\ wnfrIonf 'd|dZkur®w&m;vQif
t&if;½Sdav&um; or®m'd|d raemokp½kduf tNrJwnf\/ rdpäm'd|d
raem'kp½kdufrS tpOfuif;vGwf\/
(þtmZD0|ruoDv jA[®pkd&fw&m;wkdYrSmum; txl;
aqmufwnfrçI trsm;tm;xkwrf rI ½S?d yuwdyifujkd zpfaom edpo ö vD
yuwdobm0wdkYaywnf;/)
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 18
(q) urÇ m OD ; tcgü tmZD 0 |ruoD v
t|*F O aygoxoD v ç 'o*F o D v wd k Y ay:ayguf a eyk H
,cktcg þtmZD0|ruoDvç jA[®pdk&fw&m;wkdYonf
Owå&uk½ktrnf½Sdaom ajrmufuRef;üom wnf½Sdukefawmhonf/
xkd urÇmOD;tcgwdüYk xkw d &m; 2-yg;wkEYd iS hf jynfph MkH uukeaf om
vltaygif;wdkYwGif tcsdKUaom olwdkYonf bkef;wefckd;BuD;jrwfaom
vlpnf;pdrçf ewfpnf;pdrwf u Ykd kd aemifb0tqufquf cHpm; pHpm;Mu
&efwpfv wpfvvQif 4-Budrfvnf;aumif;/ 8-Budrfvnf;aumif;
trSwjf yKí t|*FOaygox oDvudk usio hf ;kH aqmufwnfMuuke\ f /
tcsKd Uaomolwo Ydk nf urÇmrsm;pGm toufcE¨m bke;f wefc;dk
BuD;us,fpGmESifh pHpm;umae&aom jA[®mjynfodkYa&mufjcif;iSm
C&m0gotrIudkpGefYypfí awmxGufí zef&nfqkd;aom t0wfukd
0wf½kHí &aoh&[ef;jyKvkyfí 10-yg;aom oDvü edpöwnfí
yuwdyifudkjA[®pdk&fw&m; 4-yg;wdkYudk y&duHç Oypmç tyÜem-
tpOftm;jzifh yGm;rsm;tm;xkwfí psmeformywfcsrf;omESifh aeMu
uke\f /
(þum; pMu0VmteEÅwdkYüyifvQif urÇmOD;tcgrSpí
urÇmajray:rSmtmZD0|ruoDvç t|*FOaygoxoDvç 'o*Fov D ?
þoDv 3-yg;wdkYjzpfxGef;wnf½Sdí aeyHkwnf;/)
------------
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 19
(Z) urÇ m apmif h w &m;BuD ; 2-yg;ES i f h
OaygoxoD v ç 'o*F o D v w&m;qk w f , k w f v myH k
igwdkY jrwfpGmbk&m; yGifhawmfrlaomtcgürlum; xkdurÇm
apmifwh &m; 2-yg;ç OaygoxoDvç 'o*Fov D w&m;2-yg;wko dY nf
avmuütvGeef nf;yg;uke\ f ? rdpmä 'd|w
d &m;ç 'kp½ku
d w
f &m;wdoYk nf
avmuü tvGefxGef;um;ukef\/
xkdYaMumifh-
jrwfpGmbk&m;onf avmuü xkdurÇmapmifhw&m; 2-yg;ç
t|*FOaygoxoDv w&m;rsm;udkyif tm;xkwfazmfjy xlaxmif
awmfr&l m\/
(u) okp½kduf 10-yg;ç
(c) 'kp½kduf 10-yg;ç
(*) jA[®pdk&fw&m; 4-yg;ç
wdkYudk vlowå0gwdkYtm; tvGefrsm;pGm a[m&\/
(okp½kduf 10-yg;wkdYwGif a&SU 7-yg;onf tmZD0|ru
oDvyifwnf;/)
10-yg;oDvukdrlum; C&m0goü wnfukefaom yuwd
vlwdkYtm; bk&m;a[mzl;aom 0w¬K[lí ygVdawmfwdkYürvm?
apmifhxdef;Muaom0w¬KwdkYum; t|uxmwdkYü rsm;pGmvmukef\/
tem*grfjzpfaom olwdkYonfum; 10-yg;oDvü wnfMu
ukef\/ jrwfpGmbk&m; omoemawmfjrwfonf-
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 20
1/ t"doDv omoemç
2/ t"dpdwå omoemç
3/ t"dynm omoemç
[lí 3-yg; tjym;½Sd\/
xkd 3-yg;wdwYk iG f tmZD0|ru oDvonf t"dov
D omoem
rnf\/
xkdtmZD0|ru oDvonf-
1/ &[ef;omraPwkdY\ tmZD0|ru oDvç
2/ yuwdvlwdkY\ tmZD0|ru oDvç
3/ zef&nfqdk;tyfaom t0wfudk0wf½Hkí yAÁZdwtoGifü
wnfaeukeaf om &aohoal wmfç vloal wmfw\ Ykd tmZD0|ruoDv
[lí 3-yg;tjym;½Sd\/
tmZD0udk taMumif;jyKí ynwfawmfrltyfaom 6-yg;
aom odu©myk'fwdkYESifhwuG tvHk;pkHaom &[ef;wdkY\ 0de,oDv?
tvH;k pHak omomraPwd\ Yk 0de,oDvonf &[ef;omraPwd\ Yk
tmZD0|ru oDvrnf\/
xdkpum;rSef\/ tvHk;pHkaom 0denf;odu©myk'fawmf[lorQ
onfum,'Gg&? 0ZD'Gg& 2-yg;ü ynwfawmfrltyfonfjzpfí
um,uHç 0pDuH 2-yg;ü tukefouf0if\/ um,okp½dkufç 0pD
okp½kduf 2-yg;ü tukefouf0if\/
xdkYaMumifh-
xdkxdk 0denf;odu©myk'ftqHk;ü ]]um,ur®H? 0pDur®H? um,
0pDur®H}} [lí 0denf;t|uxmwdkUü qdk;&kd;½dSMuukef\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 21
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 22
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 23
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 24
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 25
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yg;oDvrSm yg0if\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 26
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2/ z½ko0gpm, a0&rPDç
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wnfuek \ f /
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------------
ok H ; ½d k ; tpOf xif & S m ; wnf x G e f ; um vmyk H
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ud,
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f siw hf &m;ESiv
hf nf;aumif; jynfph MHk uayukeaf om
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 27
Zmwdukvykwåç tmpm&ukvykwå-trsdK;aumif;om;
trsdK;aumif; orD;jzpfaom olwkdYonfvnf;aumif;ç
2/ raemokp½kdufudkum; rpGJNrJEdkif? tmZD0|ruoDv
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f w d u f ykd g
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jzpfcí
hJ Zmwdepd ö taeESihf r&? cH,l aqmufwnfr&S aom edprö sKd ;om
wnf;/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 28
tcsKd Uaomolwu Ykd m;-qHrwk q
f wd u
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tp½Sdaomt&['¨Z t0wfrsdK;udk 0wf½kHí &aoholawmftjzpfü
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þedpu ö m; t&['¨Z t0wftoGiu f kd ,lonfEiS hf wpfNyKd if
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t&['¨Z t0wfrsdK;wdkYüyif ouf0if oifhygonf[k qdk&ef&Sd\?
usrf;*efrsm;ESifh axmufxm; qifjcifav/
(þum; okH;½dk;tpOf xif&Sm;wnfxGef;vmykHwnf;/)
----------
(n) tmZD 0 |ruoD v onf urÇ m Y " r® w moD v jzpf y k H
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 29
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tcgcg ukodkvfyGm;rsm;\/
cH,ljcif;udk wpfcgwpf&HrQ rjyKrlí rdrdpdwfüomodí þ
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 30
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teEÅwdkYonf tmZD0|ruoDvüwnfí a&mufMuayukef\/
tmZD 0 |ruoD v -ü rwnf a om ol w d k Y o nf 'gerI ç
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ausmif;tdrfwdkYü tajymufrqif&aomfvnf; tjzLxnf
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[if;vsmaumif;ESifh wl\/
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 31
twlwnfNyD;jzpf\/ jA[®pdk&fw&m;ç usef&Sdaom raemokp½dkuf
w&m;wdkYonf tvdkvdk wnfvmukefvwåHU/
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(3) "lw*FoDvç
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þ tmZD0|ruoDv-onf jrwfpGmbk&m;omoemawmfü
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 32
a[mawmfrl\? ae0ef;onf aomwmywådr*fü yg&Sdaom orkapä'
tmZD0|ru 0d&wdoDv\ Oyrmwnf;/ aet½kPfonf þ
orm'geç orÜwå tmZD0|ru 0d&wdoDv 2-yg;\ Oyrmwnf;/
þ tmZD0|ruoDv-ESifh jynfhpkHaomolonf or®yÜ"mef
w&m; 4-yg;udk jynfph pHk mG tm;xkwf onfjzpft?hH ,ckb0üorkapä'
tmZD0|ruoDvodkY a&mufEdkifyg\? or®yÜ"mefw&m; jynfhpkHpGm
tm;xkwfjcif;r&SdonfhtwGuf ,ckb0 r*fzdkvfudk r&bJ&Sdjyefaomf
oDvtwGuf r[kwfay/ xdkol nHhzsif;onfhtwGuf oufoufom
wnf;/
cH,laqmufwnfykHrSm
1/ ygPmwdygwm a0&rPd odu©my'H orm'd,mrd/
2/ t'dEém'gem a0&rPd odu©my'H orm'd,mrd/
3/ umarokrdpämpm&m a0&rPd odu©my'H orm'd,mrd/
4/ rkom0g'g a0&rPd odu©my'H orm'd,mrd/
5/ ydokP0gpm, a0&rPd odu©my'H orm'd,mrd/
6/ z½ko0gpm, a0&rPd odu©my'H orm'd,mrd/
7/ oræyÜvmyg a0&rPd odu©my'H orm'd,mrd/
8/ rdpämZD0g a0&rPd odu©my'H orm'd,mrd/
(þum; ck'´uygX ygVdawmfenf;wnf;/)
t|uxmenf ; um;
1/ ygPmwdygwm 0d&rmrd/
2/ t'dEém'gem 0d&rmrd/
3/ umarok rdpämpm&m 0d&rmrd/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 33
4/ rkom0g'g 0d&rmrd/
5/ ydokP0gpm, 0d&rmrd/
6/ z½ko0gpm, 0d&rmrd/
7/ oræyÜvmyg 0d&rmrd/
8/ rdpämZD0g 0d&rmrd/
(þum; t|uxmenf;wnf;/)
(t|uxmenf ; onf teuf o G m ; tvG e f o ef Y ½ S i f ; \?
bk&m;½kyfyGm;awmfa&SUrSmcH,lvQif oDvawmif; zG,fudpör&Sd/)
1/ t[HbaEÅ tZÆwa*¾ ygPkaywH ygPmwdygwm 0d&rmrd/
2/ t[HbaEÅ tZÆwa*¾ ygPkaywH t'dEém'gem 0d&rmrd/
3/ t[HbaEÅ tZÆwa*¾ ygPkaywH umarok rdpämpm&m
0d&rmrd/
4/ t[HbaEÅ tZÆwa*¾ ygPkaywH rkom0g'g 0d&rmrd/
5/ t[HbaEÅ tZÆwa*¾ ygPkaywH ydoP k 0gpm, 0d&rmrd/
6/ t[HbaEÅ tZÆwa*¾ ygPkaywH z½ko0gpm, 0d&rmrd/
7/ t[HbaEÅ tZÆwa*¾ ygPkaywH oræyÜvmyg 0d&rmrd/
8/ t[HbaEÅ tZÆwa*¾ ygPkaywH rdpämZD0g 0d&rmrd/
(tmr baEÅ-ponf qkdzG,fudpö r&Sd/)
1/ baEå? t&Sifbk&m;/ t[H? tuREkfyfonf/ tZÆwa*¾?
,aeYudktpjyKí/ ygPkaywH? toufxufqkH;/ ygPmwdygwm?
ol\toufukdowfjcif;rS/ 0d&rmrd? MuOfa½Smifyg\/
2/ baEÅ? t&Sifbk&m;/ t[H? tuREkfyfonf/ tZÆwa*¾?
,aeYukdtpjyKí/ ygPkaywH? touf xufqkH;/ t'dEém'gem?
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 34
t&Sifray;aomol\Opömudk ,ljcif;rS/ 0d&rmrd? MuOfa½Smifyg\/
3/ baEÅ? t&Sifbk&m;/ t[H? tuREkfyfonf/ tZÆwa*¾?
,aeYudktpjyKí ygPkaywH? toufxufqkH;/ umarok? umr
rIwkdYü/ rdpämpm&m? arSmufarSmufrSm;rSm; jyKusifhjcif;rS/ 0d&rmrd?
MuOfa&Smifyg\/
4/ baEÅ? t&Sifbk&m;/ t[H? tuGsEkfyfonf/ tZÆwa*¾?
,aeYukdtpjyKí/ ygPkaywH? toufxufqkH;/ rkom0g'g=r[kwf
rrSefonfukdt[kwftrSefjyKvkyfajymqkdjcif;rS/ 0d&rmrd? MuOf
a&Smifyg\/
5/ baEÅ? t&Sifbk&m;? t[H? tuREkfyfonf? tZÆwa*¾?
,aeYukdtpjyKí?ygPkaywH? toufxufqkH;? ydokP0gpm,?
olESpfa,mufwkdY\ tMum;ü acsmjypfukef;wkdufaompum;ukd
ajymqkdjcif;rS/ 0d&rmrd? MuOfa&Smifyg\
6/ baEÅ? t&Sifbk&m;/ t[H? tuREkfyfonf/ tZÆwa*¾?
,aeYukd tpjyKí/ ygPkaywH? toufxufqkH;/ z½ko0gpm,?
Zmwfponfudk xdyg;í qJa&;Murf;wrf;aompum;ukd ajymqkjd cif;rS/
0d&rmrd? MuOfa&Smifyg\/
7/ baEÅ=t&Sifbk&m;? t[H=tuREkfyfonf? tZÆwa*¾=
,aeYukdtpjyKí? ygPkaywH? toufxufqkH;/ oræyÜvmyg?
ypöKyÜeftusdK;pD;yGm;ü vdr®m&maomtcsufvnf;r[kwf? oHo&m
tusdK;pD;yGm;ü vdr®m&maom tcsufvnf;r[kwf? tusdK;r&Sdouf
oufomjzpfaom &mrçtDaemifç aiGawmifç bm&w-tp&Sdaom
ed&w¦u '@m&D Zmwf 0w¬Krsm;ukd avYusuaf jymqkjd cif;rS/ 0d&rmrd?
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 35
MuOfa&Smifyg\/
8/ baEÅ=t&Sifbk&m;? t[H=tuREkfyfonf? tZÆwa*¾=
,aeYukd tpjyKí? ygPkaywH=toufxufqkH;? rdpämZD0g=rw&m;
aomtoufarG;jcif;rS? 0d&rmrd=MuOfa&Smifyg\/
(tmrbaEÅ-ponf qkdzG,fudpö r&Sd/)
rdrad e&mrSm rdrt
d vkt
d avsmufvnf; aqmufwnf&yg\/
xkdokdYEIwf>rufí raqmufwnfyJvnf; pdwfxJüom þ 8-yg;ukd
toufxufqkH; vkHjcHKpGmapmifY igapmifYxdef;rnf[k t"d|mefjyKí
apmifYxdef; &yg\? vkHjcHKpGm apmifYxdef;Ekdifonfom y"mewnf;/
(þum; tmZD0|ruoDv cH,laqmufwnfykHukd
jyqkdcsufwnf;/)
(!) owd a y;csuf
þ tmZD0|ruoDv-[laom a0g[m&onf tac:
tajymtpOftquf enf;yg;Mu\/ xkdYaMumifY oDvtrnfxl;ç
trsKd ;xl;uJo
Y Ydk xifrw
S Mf u\? 8-yg;oDv 10-yg;oDvwkEYd iS Yf b,fvdk
xl;Muonf? b,foDvu tusKd;BuD;onf-tp&Sdonfjzifh ar;Mu
avQmufMu\/
tcsKUd q&mwdkYum; wpfaeYwpf&uf txl;apmifhxdef;rludk
arsmfrdí? OaygoxoDvu jrwfonf? tmZD0|ru ,kwfedrfhonf
[kqHk;jzwfMuukef\/
trIomG ;rSmrlum;-avmuü olawmfaumif; oljrwfavmif;
yDMuayukefaom trsdK;aumif; tEG,faumif; jzpfMuukefaom
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 36
olcyford ;f wdt
Yk m; urÇmOD;rS pívnf;aumif;ç bk&m;yGiahf wmfro
l nfrS
pívnf;aumif;-
1/ olUtoufudk rowftyf/
2/ olUOpömudk r,ltyf/
3/ olUtdrf&mudk rjypfrSm;tyf/
4/ rkom; rqdktyf/
5/ acsmypfukef;wdkufrIudk rjyKtyf/
6/ Zmwfponfudk xdyg;í rqJa&;tyf/
7/ ypöKyeÜ f tusKd ;pD;yGg;ü vdrm® &maom tcsuv
f nf; r[kw?f
oHo&m tusdK;pD;yGg;ü vdr®m&maom tcsufvnf; r[kwf?
tusKd ;r½Sd oufoufomjzpfaom &mrç tDaemifç aiGawmif
bm&w tp½Sdaom ed&w¬u '@m&D Zmwf0w¬Krsm;udk avhusuf
ajyma[mrIrsm;udk rjyKtyf/
8/ rw&m;aom toufarG;rIudk rjyKtyf[k rd½dk;zvm
q&mpOfç orm;pOfç ajym½dk;ç a[m½dk; xif½Sm;½Sdvsufyif jzpf\/
,ckumvürlum; xdk tmZD0|ru oDv\ tpdwf t*Fg
y"ge trsdK;jzpfaom 5-yg;oDvudkyif jynfhpkHvkHNcHKpGm apmifhxdef;ol
yg;½Sm;vsuf½SdMuonfESifh tmZD0|ruoDvudk apmifhMuavmhç
xdef;Muavmh[k wdkufwGef;rItopf jzpfaeMu&jyef\/
tmZD0|ruoDv- onf edpöoDv trsdK;t½dk; jzpf\/
t|*FOaygoxoDv-onf yuwdvlwdkYü tedpöoDvrsdK;
jzpf\/ wpfaeYwpf&ufwGif txl;apmifh xdef;MurIudk arQmfí oDv
2-yg;\ t,kwftjrwfudk qkH;jzwfjcif;iSm roifh? olUtcGifhç olY
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 37
oabmESihf olUvrf;ç olpY cef;udk tuket f pif ajrmfjrif axmufxm;í
ajymqd&k m\/
yuwdtoufocifjzpfaom oav;xrif;ESifY 0ufom;ç
Muufom;ç ig;ç trJ[if;vsmrsm;ukd b,f[mu aumif;ovJ-
[kqcdk v
hJ Qif twku d o dk m arQmrf ad aom oli,fwt Ydk m; [if;vsmrsm;u
aumif;jrwfonf[k ajymMuayvwåHU/
t&Snu f adk rQmEf idk af om vkMu;D wkoYd nfum; oav;xrif;u
toufocif aus;Zl;&Sif jzpfayí aumif;jrwfonf[k ajymMuukef
vwåHU/ þOyrmuJhokdY jzpfav&m\/
xkdYaMumifh tmZD0|ruoDv\ t&mü tmZD0|ruoDv
onf aumif;jrwf\/
OaygoxoDv\t&mü OaaygoxoDvonf aumif;
jrwf\/ ESpfyg;pkHukdyif jynfhpkHatmif tm;xkwfMuukef&mownf;/
oDvukdjyqkdcef; jyD;\/
----------------
3-ur® | mef ; ,l y k H u k d jyqk d c ef ;
(u) ur® | mef ; 40-aqmif y k ' f o H c d y f
1/ ajrç a&ç rD;ç av? ñkdç a½Tç eDç jzL? aygufç vif;[l?
q,fqu l odPm/
2/ a&mifç ñkdç jynfç jywf? cJtyfç ypfxm;? "m;jzwfypfa&;?
aoG;,kdç ykd;pkç t½kd;pk? q,fck tokbm/
3/ Ak'fç cHç oHç oDç pm*Dç a'0wm? ormOy? r&PESifh?
um,*wm? tmemyg? q,fjzm Ekówd/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 38
4/ arç uç rkç O? yGm;rsm;rI? 4-ck yrnm/
5/ tm[m&wGif? ½GHzG,fvQif? rSwfxif{uf-onm/
6/ "mwfBuD;av;ck? ykdif;jcm;rI? pwk00w¬m/
7/ tmç 0dOfç tmç ae? þav;axG? rSwfav tm½kyÜg/
uod k P f ; 10-yg;
1/ ajruodkPf;ç
2/ a&uodkPf;ç
3/ rD;uodkPf;ç
4/ avuodkPf;ç
5/ tqif;ñdkuodkPf;ç
6/ tqif;0guodkPf;ç
7/ tqif;eDuodkPf;ç
8/ tqif;jzLuodkPf;ç
9/ jywif;ayguf paom aumif;uifaygufuodkPf;ç
10/ wduk ef &H pH onfü xifaomaea&mifuu
G -f va&mifuu
G f
tp&Sdaom ta&miftvif;uodkPf;/
tok b 10-yg;
1/ zl;zl;a&mifaom olaumifç
2/ ykyfí ñdkíaeaom olaumifç
3/ jynf,dkíaeaom olaumifç
4/ tv,füjywfí 2-ydkif;aeaom olaumifç
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 39
5/ acG;ç ajracG; cJxm;tyfaom olaumifç
6/ cJí xdkxdkae&mü ypfxm;tyfaom olaumifç
7/ usD ; ajcoP² m ef ponf j zif h "m;vuf e uf E S i f h
ckwfjzwfíypftyfaom olaumifç
8/ ,dkaom aoG;&Sdaom olaumifç
9/ ydk;avmufwdkYjzifh jynfhaom olaumifç
10/ t½dk;pkrQomjzpfaom olaumifç
tEk ó wd 10-yg;
1/ Ak'¨gEkówdç
2/ "r®mEkówdç
3/ oHCmEkówdç
4/ oDvmEkówdç
5/ pm*gEkówdç
6/ a'0wmEkówdç
7/ OyormEkówdç
8/ r&PmEkówdç
9/ um,*wmowdç
10/ tmemygeówdç
tyÜ r nm 4-yg;
1/ arwåm-jA[®0d[m&ç
2/ u½kPm-jA[®0d[m&ç
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 40
3/ rk'dwm-jA[®0d[m&ç
4/ Oayu©m-jA[®0d[m&ç
jA[®0d[m& 4-yg;vnf; ac:onf/
{uonm 1-yg;
1/ tm[ma& y#dulvonm/
pwk " mwk 0 0w¬ m ef 1-yg;
1/ "mwfBuD; 4-ck ydkif;jcm;rI
tm½k y Ü 4-yg;
1/ tmumomeÍöm,weç
2/ 0dnmPÍöm,weç
3/ tmudÍönm,weç
4/ ae0onmemonm,we/
tm;vkH;aygif;aomf trQ 40-&Sdukef\/
(c) oyÜg, tjym;
p½dkuf 6-yg; aqmifyk'foHcdyf
1/ &mç a'gç armç0d? o'fç Ak'¨d? p&d þ ajcmufjzm/
2/ tokç um,? q,fhwpf0? &m* avsmfvSpGm/
3/ tqif;rn? &SpfXme? a'go avsmfvSpGm?
4/ tmemyge? tavsmfus? arm[ 0dwufom/
5/ r&PESifh? Oyorm? onmwpfwef? 00w¬mef?
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 41
av;wef Ak'¨dom/
6/ Ekówd q? o'¨gus? aoo tm;vkH;om/
7/ uodkPf;BuD;rl? arm[,l? i,frl 0dwufom/
p½d k u f 6-yg;o½k y f
1/ &m*p½dkuf
2/ a'gop½kdufç
3/ arm[p½kduf/
4/ 0dwufp½kdufç
5/ o'¨gp½kdufç
6/ Ak'd¨p½kdufç (ynmp½kdufvnf;[l)
[lí p½kduf 6- yg;/
&m*p½k d u f
(u) tokb 10-yg;
(c) auomç avmrm-paom um,aum|mo 1-yg;? þ
11- yg;onf&m*p&kdufESifh avsmf\/
a'gop½d k u f
(u) tñdkç ta&Tç teDç tjzL-[laom0PÖuodkPf; 4-yg;ç
(c) tyÜrnm 4-yg;ç
þ 8-yg;onf a'gop½dkufESifh avsmf\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 42
arm[p½d k u f ç 0d w uf p &d k u f
tmemygeonf arm[p½dkufç 0dwufp½dkufwdkYESifh avsmf\/
ynm p½k d u f
1/ r&PmEkówdç
2/ OyormEkówdç
3/ tm[ma&y#dulvonmç
4/ pwk"mwk00w¬mefç
þ 4-yg;onf ynmp½dkufESifhavsmf\/
o'¨ g p½d k u f
1/ Ak'¨gEkówdç
2/ "r®mEkówdç
3/ oHCmEkówdç
4/ oDvmEkówdç
5/ pm*gEkówdç
6/ a'0wmEkówdç
þ 6-yg;onf o'¨gp½kdufESifhavsmf\/
oAÁ p½d k u f
1/ yx0D-ajruodkPf;?
2/ tmayg-a&uodkPf;?
3/ awaZm- rD;uokdPf;?
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 43
4/ 0ga,m- avuokdPf;?
5/ tmumo- tayguf[if;vif;uokdPf;?
6/ tmavmu- ta&mif tvif;uokdPf;? aygif; 6 yg;/
7/ tm½kyÜ 4 yg;/
þ 10-yg;onf tvkH;pkH;aom p½kduf 6-yg;wkdYESifhavsmf\/
arm[p½k d u f E S i f h 0d w uf p ½k d u f
arm[p½kdufrsm;aomolrSm-BuD;aomuokdPf;ESifh oifh
avsmfonf/
0dwufp½kdufrsm;aomolrSm-i,faom uokdPf;ESifh oifh
avsmfonf/
(þum; oyÜg,tjym;wnf;/)
----------
(*) yvd a Am"MuD ; 10-yg;
t"doDvomoemhü aumif;pGm wnfNyD;aom a,m*D
yk*¾Kdvfonf t"dynmomoem\ tajcyg'jzpfaom t"dpdwå
omoemudk udk,fawGU'd| &vdk odjrifvdkonf&Sdaomf a&S;OD;pGm 10-
yg;aom yvdaAm" MuD;wdkYudk jywfatmif jzwf&m\/
yvd a Am"BuD ; 10-yg;um;-
1/ ae&mausmif;tdrf ]]tm0goyvdaAm"}}
2/ tvkyftauR; wynfhwyef; ]]ukvyvdaAm"}}
3/ vmbf&jcif; ypönf;aygrsm;jcif; ]]vmbyvdaAm"}}
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 44
4/ *dkPf;*P taygif;taz: ]]*PyvdaAm"}}
5/ e0ur® trIudpö ]]ur®yvdaAm"}}
6/ c&D;oGm;jcif; ]]t'¨geyvdaAm"}}
7/ aqGrsdK;Ówum ]]ÓwdyvdaAm"}}
8/ tema&m*g ]]tmAm"yvdaAm"}}
9/ usrf;*efoifMum;rI ]]*E¦yvdaAm"}}
10/ ykxkZOfwdkY\ bkef;wefcdk; ]]£'¨dyvdaAm"}}
(þum; yvdaAm"BuD; 10-yg;wnf;/)
(C) q&mY t *F g 7-yg;
xdkYaemuf t*Fg 7-yg;ESifhjynfhpkHaom q&mYtxHü p½dkuf
ESifhavsmfaom ur®|mef;tpD&ifudk oifMum;&m\/
q&mYt*Fg 7-yg;um;-
1/ yda,m-oDvtwGuf cspftyfonf/
2/ *½k-tav;rltyfonf/
3/ bm0eDa,m-csD;rGrf;xdkufonf/
4/ 0wåm-uhJ&Jhjypfwif qkH;rcsifwwfonf/
5/ 0peu©arm-jypfwifuhJ&JU qkH;rchJaomf r½GJUrapmif;
aumif;aumif;onf;cHEdkifonf/
6/ *rÇD&Íö uxH-eufeJaompum;udk ajyma[mwwfonf/
7/ t|mae aempeda,mZa,-tudsK;r&Sd&mü rwdkuf
wGe;f wwf/
(þum; q&mYt*Fg 7-yg;wnf;/)
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 45
(i) MuOf a &S m if t yf a om t&yf 18-yg;
xdkYaemuf MuOfa&Smiftyfaom t&yf 18-yg;udk MuOfa&Smif
&m\/ MuOfa&Smiftyfaom t&yf 18-yg;um;-
1/ ae&mwdkufwm t&HBuD;?
2/ ae&mopf?
3/ ae&mwdkufwma[mif;?
4/ vrf;\teD;jzpfaom ae&mausmif;?
5/ a&tdkif? a&uef\ teD;jzpfaom ae&mausmif;?
6/ [if;&Gufawm\ teD;jzpfaom ae&mausmif;?
7/ yef;awm\ teD;jzpfaom ae&mausmif;?
8/ opfoD;&Sdaom ae&mausmif;?
9/ vlwdkY oGm;csifpzG,f qef;Mu,fawmifhwtyfaom
ae&mausmif;?
10/ NrdKU\teD;jzpfaom ae&mausmif;?
11/ opf0g;xif;awm\ teD;jzpfaom ae&mausmif;?
12/ v,f,mvkyfief;\ teD;jzpfaom ae&mausmif;?
13/ tcsif;csif; roifhrwifhol&Sdaom ae&mausmif;?
14/ ukefonfwkdY >yrf;&moabFmqdyf rD;&xm;qdyf\
teD;jzpfaom ae&mausmif;?
15/ o'¨genf;yg;aom ypöEÅ&pfae&mausmif;?
16/ rif;ab;eD;aom e,fjcm;ae&mausmif;?
17/ wpfpkHwpfck ab;&ef&Sdí ravsmufywfaom ae&m
ausmif;?
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 46
18/ rdwfaqGaumif;ukd r&aomae&mausmif;?
(MuOfa&Smiftyfaom t&yf 18-yg;wnf;/)

(p) ur® | mef ; pD ; jzef ; jcif ; iS m avsmuf y wf a om


t*F g ig;yg;&S d a omausmif ;
aqmif y k ' f o H c d y f /
/ra0;eD;arm? ra&mvl&iS ?f rSujf cifyg;enf;?
ypö n f ; rd w f a qG ? &vG , f a v? ig;axG
ausmif;t*Fg/
[lonfESifYtnD t*Fg 5-yg;ESifYjynfYpkHaom ae&mü ckd0ifrSD
wif; oDwif;ok;H aexkid &f m\? t*Fg 5-yg;ESiYf jynfph aHk om ae&mum;-
1/ qGrf;cH&Gm ra0;vGef; reD;vGef; ae&mausmif;jzpfjcif;/
2/ vloal v;yg; r>yrf;qdwNf ird af om ae&mausmif;jzpfjcif;/
3/ rSuf jcif-ponf enf;yg;aom ae&mausmif;jzpfjcif;/
4/ ypönf;av;yg;&vG,faom ae&mausmif;jzpfjcif;/
5/ usr;f *ef A[kow k &Sad om rdwaf qGaumif;ESiYf eD;uyfaom
ae&mausmif;jzpfjcif;/
(þum; t*Fg 5-yg;&Sdaom ausmif;wnf;/)
(q) yvd a Am"i,f y,f j zwf j cif ; rsm;
xkdaemuf yvdaAm"i,fwkdYukd y,fjzwf&m\/
1/ qHyifukd &dwfjzwf?
2/ rkwfqdwf-ponfukd &dwfjzwfjcif;?
3/ ajconf; vufonf;wkdYukd jzwfvSD;jcif;/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 47
4/ ouFef;udk qdk;zGyfcsKyfzmjcif;?
5/ oHacs;wufaom oydwfudk zkwfjcif;?
6/ anmifapmif;-ponfudk okwfoifjcif;/
(þum; yvdaAm"i,fwdkYudk y,fjzwfjcif;wnf;/)
(Z) t*F g 4-yg;ES i f h xd k u f w ef a om-
(u) uodkPf; 10-yg;?
(c) tokb 10-yg;?
(*) 'Gwåðomum& wnf;[laom um,aum|mo 1-yg;?
(C) xufouf 0ifouf wnf;[laom tmemyge 1-yg;?
(i) arwåmç u½kPmç rk'dwm-wnf;[laom jA[®0d[m&
3-yg;\ tm½kHjzpfaom owå0gjzpfaom ynwf 3-
yg;/
þ 25-yg;aom ur®|mef;wdkYwGif p½kdufESifhavsmfpGm oif
,ltyfNy;D aom wpfcck ak omur®|mef;udk jyKvyk t f m;xkw&f m\/ þodYk
qdktyfNyD;aomenf;jzifh ykAÁudpöwdkYudk jynfhpkHapNyD;aomf-
aqmif y k ' f o H c d y f /
/aMumjcifç ½dk;ça&? <uif;avap? ukefap
om;taoG;/
toufudkrQ? rñ§m&? or®yÜ"mefav;/
rdrdwdkYoEÅmefrSm ur®yxajrmufcJhzl;í tyg,fodkYypfcsEkdif
onfh b0tqufquf tpOfyg½Sdíaeaom 'kp½dkuf tukodkvf
uHa[mif;pkukd t<uif;rJh y,fjcif;iSmvnf;aumif;ç þb0rS aemuf
terw*¾oo H &mü 'kp½ku d of pfwuYkd kd rdro
d EÅmefrmS wpfzef rjzpfvm
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 48
apjcif;iSmvnf;aumif; raerem; tm;xkwf &maom 0D&, d 2-yg;/
(aomwmyefjzpf&ef tcGifhudk&nfí 'kp½dkufa[mif;ç
'kp½dkufopf[k qdkonf/)
,ck &½Sdíaeaom tmZD0|ruoDv-paom ukodkvf
a[mif;wdkYudk y&dedAÁmef pH&mb0 qdkufatmif b,ftcgrSmrS ysuf
uGuf azmufjym;jcif;r½Sd ed,mrtjzpfodkY a&mufNyD;jzpfapjcif;
iSmvnf;aumif;?
þ omoemawmfü umr? ½ly? t½ly? avmukw&å m-ukov kd f
½SdonfwGif rdrdra&mufzl;ao;? r&zl;ao;? rdrdoEåmefrSm vdkí
aeao;aom ukodkvfopfrsdK;wdkYudk ,ckb0 aeYcsif;? ncsif;? v-
csif;? ESpfcsif; tjrefa&mufxnfh &xnfhjcif;tusdK;iSmvnf;aumif;
raerem; tm;xkwf&maom 0D&d,-2yg;/
þ 4-yg;aom 0D&,wdkYudk taMumtjcif <uif;ap? t½dk;
ta& <uif;ap?tom; taoG; ukefcef;avap[k t*Fg 4-yg;
tcdkiftNrJxm;í udpöNyD;pD;vdrfhrnfqdkvQif toufcE¨mudkrQ
rn§mrwm tm;xkwf&maom or®yÜ"me tmwmy0D&d,udk pdkuf
xlvsuf-
yx0D- ajruodkPf;? tmayg-a&uodkPf;? awaZm-rD;
uodkPf;? 0ga,m- avuodkPf;-ponfwdkYudk tylwjyif; twif;
tm;xkw&f m\/
ur®|mef;,lykHudk jyqdkcef; NyD;\/
---------
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 49
4-uod k P f ; ud k jyqd k c ef ;
(u) yx0D - ajruod k P f ; yG m ;rsm;tm;xk w f y k H
uodkPf; 10-yg;wdkYwGif-
yx0D-ajruodkPf;udk yGm;rsm;tm;xkwfvdkMuaom &[ef;
a,musmf ;? &[ef;rde;f r? vla,musmf ;? vlred ;f r? bd;k olawmf? r,fov D
olawmf oljrwfwdkYonf ñkda&mif? a½Ta&mif? eDa&mif? jzLa&mif av;
qlaom tqif; 0PÖuodkPf;wdkYESifh ra&m,Sufapjcif;iSmvnf;
aumif;? pdwfMuyfMuyf aysmfarGUapjcif;iSmvnf;aumif;?
aet½kPaf &mif tqif;½dak om r0gvGe;f reDveG ;f aom ajreD
Eke;f ajrap;ap;udk oJtrdu I f ryg&atmif nufpmG qifí h a&ESiahf zsmf
vsuf nufpGme,fí rdrdtxGmjzifh wpfxGmavmuf tvsm;teH
us,pf mG vSn;f bD;0ef;uJo h ?Ykd ausmufjyifuo hJ Ykd t0kid ;f ajrcsyf jyKvyk í f
Munfh½Irnfhbufu acsmrIefY nufanmpGm pnfrsufESmuJhodkYjyKí
uvem;ü ,yf0ef;tem;ywfuo hJ Ykd 'efyw
l pfjym;avmuf tjzLjzpfap?
tpdrf;jzpfap aq;rif tem;ywf okwfvdrf;wifxm;tyf\/
uodPk ;f 0ef;jyKvyk &f mü- wpfxmG atmuf avQmv h v
kd Qif vuf
2-opf? 3-opfavmuf avQmhtyf\? wpfxGmxuf ydkvdkvQif vuf
4-opf? 8-opfavmufyt kd yf\? uodP k ;f 0ef;i,fvQif pdwEf idk f vG,f
onf? edrdwf &vG,fonf? pdwfrlum; MuyfMuyfrxGm;/
uodkPf;0ef;BuD;vQif pdwfEdkifcJonf? edrdwf&cJonf? pdwf
rlum; BuD;xGm;\? xdkuodkPf;0ef;udk tnpftaMu;rpGef;&? ryGef;
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 50
yJ&h atmif aumif;rGepf mG xm;tyf\? bk&m;"mwfawmfuo
hJ Ykd ½kad opGm
xm;tyf\/
(þum; uodkPf;0ef; vkyfykHwnf;)
ed r d w f 3-yg; xif y k H
y&dur®edrdwf/ / uodkPf;0ef; jyKvkyfjyD;vQif om;iSuf
wd&pämef vloq H w
d Nf ird f tcsed af t;jraom NrKd Ujy jynf½mG tdraf *[mü
vnf;aumif;? vl½iS rf aESm qdwNf ird af om awmt&yfüvnf;aumif;
wpfa,mufwnf; csr;f ompGm wifysOzf UJG acGxikd af evsuf uodP k ;f 0ef;
udk reD;ra0; a½SUvufvSrf; rDavmufrSm ikHYvnf;rikHY&? armhvnf;
rarmh&atmif rsupf Ed iS hf yPm&atmif axmifxm;Ny;D vQif bk&m;½Sif
\ *kPfawmfrsm;udk tenf;i,f atmufarh½Sdcdk;í-
ig\ ywf0ef;usiüf ½Sad om owå0gcyford ;f wdo Yk nf ab;&ef
uif;uGm csr;f omMuygap? tcgcyford ;f aumif;jrwfaom tm½kw H u Ykd kd
awGYjrifMuygap [kpl;pl;pdkufpdkuf arwåmydkYí-
igonf rcRw{f uef trSeaf o&vdrrhf nf? b,fawmhcgao&
rnfvnf; rod? raocif raorD udk;uG,f&mudk &atmifvkyfrS-
[ktwefi,f? tenf;i,f aojcif; r&Ponmudkjzpfapí-
þuodkPf; tusifhonf bk&m;ç yapöuAk'¨gç t&d,m-
t½SifjrwfwdkYonf tdk em ao a&; 'ku©ab;wdkYrS vGwftHhaomiSm
þtusifh þuodkPf;0ef;onf ig\udk;uG,f&m tppfwnf;-
[kqifjcifí-
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 51
þuodkPf;0ef;ü tvGefjrwfEdk;ESpfoufvsuf tvGefvdk
csiaf om tmomqE´jzifh xdyk x0D ajruodP
k ;f 0ef;udk Munf½h t
I yf\/
(þum; y&dur®edrdwf xifykHwnf;/)
O*¾ [ ed r d w f
aqmifyk'foHcdyf/ /y&dur®? O*¾[wnfh? y#dbm*g? þokH;jzm?
xifvmedrw d w f nf;/
xdyk x0D ajruodP k ;f udk rsupf Ed iS hf jrifaomtwdik ;f pdwx f üJ
pGu
J yfxifjrifíaeatmif uodP k ;f 0ef;ü pdwu f kd wpfpw d f wpfa'o
üom rxm;bJ uodkPf;0ef;wpfckvkH;udk tukeftESHY pdwfESifhikHí
Munfh½I tyf\/
pdwfukdoefoefckdifckdifxm;í owdynmjzifYckdifckdifNrJNrJ
rSwuf okPd ;f ajrBu;D 0ef;wpfcv k ;Hk ukd pdwüf tukev f ;Hk pGu
J yfxifjrifí
ygvmatmif jyL;jyL;pdpdMunfY½Ií ,ltyf\/
pdwüf pGaJ vmuf ygavmuf &avmufcsed w f efvQif rsupf u d dk
rSdwfíprf;? rsufpdrSdwfaom tcgrSmvnf;zGifYí Munfhaewkef;uvkd
ajrBu;D 0ef;wkYd xifjrifíaevQif aajrBu;D uokP d ;f O*¾[edrw d &f Ny[ D k
rSw?f r&ao;vQif rsupf u d zdk iG í
Yf MunfNh rw J idk ;f yif Munf½h í I ,l&m\?
rsufpdudkcPcPrSdwfívnf; rprf;tyf? MumEdkiforQ Mumatmif
Munfh&IUí,l&m\? Munfh&IUzefrsm;í MumvQif&\/
O*¾[edrdwf&atmif Munfh&IUí ,l&mü yg;pyfu ]]yx0D
uodPH yx0DuodPH}} [k wwGwfwGwf r&Gwfqkd&/
yx0D-qkdonfum;- ygVdpum;wnf;? jrefrmwdkYu ajrBuD;-
[kac:onf? þajrBuD;t0ef;ukd Munfh&IUí ,laomtcg pdwfudk
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 52
wpfjcrf; wpfpw d w f pfa'owGio f m rxm;rlí ajrBu;D 0ef; wpfcv k ;Hk
ukd tukeftEHSY ikHí Munfh&IU&onf? þodkY tukefvkH;ikHí tESHYMunfh
tyfaomaMumifh ]]uodPuodkPf;}} [líac:onf/
t<uif;tusefr&Sd tukefvkH; tESHYikHí Munfh&I ,ltyfaom
aMumifh uodP-rnfaom þajrBu;D t0ef;udk pdwx f u J om ]]ajr?
ajr}} [krw S vf suf rsupf Ed iS jhf rifaomtwdik ;f pdwx f üJ pGu J yfxifjrifí
ygvmatmif rsufpdjzifhom Munfh&Iíae&onf/
Munfh&IaomtcgrSmvnf; rsufpdudk arS;wkyfwkyfvkyfí
rMunfh&? tdyfcsifwwfonf? pdwfaysmhwwfonf? &cJwwfonf/
xkaYd Mumifrh supf u d zkd iG Ehf idk o
f rQ zGií
hf Munf&h onf? rsuaf wmifuv kd nf;
rcwfbaJ eEkid o f rQ aeíMunf&h onf/ MumvQit f yd cf sií f vmwwf
onf? tdyfcsifavav rsufpdudk jyL;avav jyL;&onf/
tdyfcsifí vmaomtcgvnf;aumif;? rsufpdudkarS;í
rSed í
f pdwo f nmukd aysmah pí Munfah omfvnf;aumif; uodP k ;f 0ef;
ESpfck jzpfí jzpfívnf; aewwf\/ raeaptyf? pdwfonm
pdwt f rSwu f kd oefoef cdik cf ikd x f m;íMunft h yf\? owdayghvw G v f suf
pdwo f nf uodP k ;f 0ef;ü raebJ wpfjcm;tm½ku H kd ajy;oGm;BupH nfí
BuHpnfívnf; aewwf\? raeaptyf? uodkPf;tm½kHrS wpfyg;
b,fudkrS rxGufajy;aptyf? MuyfMuyf owdjyKtyf\/
pdwf0dwuf tBuHtpnfudk MuyfMuyf EdSyfuGyfí uodkPf;
tm½kHüom NrJpGmowdjzifh zGJYxm;tyf\/ Mumaomtcg pdwfarmí
0D&, d avsmjh y;D ysi;f vmwwfonf/ rysi;f aptyf? tusK;d tjypfwu Ydk kd
qifjcifí pdwf0D&d,xufoefapwwfaom tm½kHrsm;udk qifjcifí
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 53
jrifhrkd&fawmifMuD;udk NzdKcsrnfh a,musfm;\ pdwf0D&d,uJhodkY pdwf
0D&d,udk tm;aumif;xufoefapvsuf r&vQif raebl;wJh-[k
tHoGm;cJí pdwf cg;awmif;usdKufíMunfh&I&m\/
pdwfarmojzifh ukd,fygarmí ysif;&dí cPcP em;csif
wwfonfjh yifawmf&mudk xí vkycf siw f wf\/ cPcP rem;tyf
rvkyftyf? MuyfMuyfZGJaumif;&m\/ tonf;aumif;&m\/
edrdwf,l&mü-
1/ tcsKUd aomolwrYkd mS rMumcif tvG,w f uljzifyh if edrw d f
&Edik o
f nf/ tcsKUd aom olwrYkd mS um; yifyifyef;yef; oufpeG Yf BuKd ;pm;
tm;xkwfí MumrSyif&onf? pdwfxJü,lí &aomedrdwfudk O*¾[
edrdwf [kac:onf? jyifbuf uodkPf;0ef;udkum; y&dur®edrdwf[k
ac:onf? O*¾[edrdwfum; y&dur®edrdwfESifh wpfxyfwnf;wl\?
þ O*¾[edrdwfudk&aomtcg pdwfonf oHvdkufaumif;aumif;udk
tyfw, G bf od uJo h Ykd þajrBu;D O*¾[edrw d u
f okd m wG,í f aeawmh\/
b,fudkrQ rsm;pGmrajy;awmhjyD/
2/ rsupf u d kd zGix
hf m;vQiu f m; a&SUwl&&l dS tqif;wdu Yk jkd rif\?
rsufpdudkrdSwfvdkufapumrl b,fudkrS rjrifbJ þajruodkPf;0ef;
udkom jrifíaeawmh\/ rsufpdudkrdSwfí yufvufaevQif rsufESm
ay:u uodkPf;ajrcsyf0ef;BuD; rdk;vsufae\? arSmufíaevQif
atmufu Murf;&,f? zsm&,f rrSwb f J uodP k ;f ajrcsy0f ef;Bu;D udo k m
jrifíaeawmh\/
3/ a&xJü ikwfíaevQifvnf; rsufESma&SUu a&&,fvkdY
rrSwb f J uodP k ;f ajrcsy0f ef;Bu;D om &Síd jrifíaeawmh\? rsuEf mS udk
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 54
vkHvkHvuf0g;ydwfzkH;í aevQifvnf; vuf0g;[lí trSwfrxm;bJ
uodkPf; ajrcsyf0eff;BuD;om jrifíaeawmh\/
4/ nOfth yd af omtcgrSmvnf; wapärom tvGeaf Mumuf
wwfvsuf rvGo J mí romavmif;udk udik w f , G &f ojzifh romavmif;
O*¾[edrdwfBuD; xifjrifíaeaomoluhJodkY uodkPf;ajrcsyf 0ef;BuDd;
udok m xifjrifíaeawmh\? tdyí f raysmaf wmhNy?D MuyfMuyf tm;xkwf
Munfhav ESvkH;oGif;av rsufpdus,fav jzpfíaeawmh\? tdyfí
aysmfapcsifojzifh tm;xkwfí ESvkH;roGif;bJaerS wjznf;jznf;
pdwEf í
YHk uodPk ;f 0ef;ajrcsyBf u;D udk jrif&mu arhueJjzpfí b0ifusí
tdyfaysmfoGm;av\/
5/ tdyf&mrS Edk;jyefvQifvnf; ajrcsyfuodkPf0ef;BuD;udkyif
xifjrifí ed;k ívm\? rsuEf mS a&Su h ajrcsyu f odP k ;f 0ef;Bu;D qD;vsuf
omaeawmh\/
þuhJodkY O*¾[edrdwf&í tawmfcdkifaom &ifhaomtcg
cyfarSmifarSmif tcef;xJrsm;rSm rsupf d rrSw d b f J zGiíhf xm;vQif ajrcsyf
uodkPf;0ef;BuD;udkom jrifíaeawmh\? pBuøoGm;&if;vnf; ½Ií
jzpfawmh\/ O*¾[edrdwf xifonfrSpí tdyfcsifxdkif;rIdif;aom
xderd'¨wdkYonf twefi,fuGmvsuf wjznf;jznf; enf;í yg;í
&Sm;í ikwfí oGm;Muav\/
(þum; O*¾[edrdwf xifykHwnf;/)
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 55
y#d b m*ed r d w f
O*¾edrdwf &aomtcg jyifbuf y&dur®edrdwf yx0Dajr
uodkPf;0ef;udk awmf&mrSm odrf;xm;í pdwfxJü yg&aom O*¾[
edrdwfudkom tNrJtpGJ Munfh½I&m\/ xdkodkY tNrJtpGJ tm;xkwf
Munf½h zI ef rsm;aomtcg þ O*¾erd w d of nf wjznf;jznf; odraf rGUí
odrfarGUí t&mtqm taMumif; jyKyfr&SdbJ rSefom;rsm;uhJodkY
&opfpO*¾[edrw d xf uf tqwpf&mru tvGeaf csmnuf odraf rGU
í Eke,fívm\? tvGeEf pS o f ufaysmaf rGUzG,f aumif;aomtjzpfoYkd
a&mufívm\/ pdwfonf b,fhavmufyif MumatmifMunfhí
aeaomfvnf; ysif;rkef;jcif;? tm;&jcif; r½SdEdkifawmhjyD?
xdkuhJokdYaom edrdwfudk y#dbm*edrdwf[k ac:onf/
aqmifyk'foHcdyf/ /y#dbm*? xifvmu? eD0&P-uGm/
xdky#dbm*edrdwfodkYusaomtcg-
1/ umr*kPfudk cHpm;vdkaom umrpäE´eD0&P?
2/ trsufa'go[laomAsmyg'eD0&P?
3/ idkufrsOf;xdkif;rIdif;jcif;[laom xderd'¨eD0&P?
4/ ysHUvGifhjcif; ylyefjcif;[laom O'¨pöukuúKpö eD0&P?
5/ þuJo h Ykd yx0D ajruodP k ;f 0ef;udk MunfU½Itm;xkwv
f Qif
þuJhodkYjzpfonf[k a&;aom q&m? a[majymaom q&monf
t[kwfwu,ftrSefbJ odí a&;avovm;? a[mav ovm;?
ajymavovm;? t[kwfwu,f trSefrodbJ prf;&rf;a&;av
ovm;? a[mavovm;? ajymavovm;? rSefrS rSefygavovm;?
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 56
trSm;rsm; avvm;-[kur®|mef; vrf;aMumif;üvnf;aumif;
,kHrSm;jcif; 0Dpdudpäm eD0&P?
þ eD0&P 5-yg;wdkonf pdwfoEÅmefü yg;vsuf wpfcg
wnf;uGmíuG,fikyfí 0yfí oGm;Muavawmh\? rjzay:vm rx
vmMuawmhjy/D
<uif;aom tukodkvf eD0&Pw&m;wdkYvnf; pdwfoEåmefü
0yfíikyfíukefMuavawmh\? ray:vm rxvmMuawmhjyD/
aqmif y k ' f o H c d y f / /eD0&P? uGmwHku? Oypm&vm/
xdak emufzefzef? yGm;wHjk yef? y psmeftyÜem/
tm0ZÆeH? tmyZÆef? "d|mefç 0k|me/
ypöa0u©ef? þ 5-wef? vsifjrefvdkwdkif;&/
a½S;a½S;psmeif? y,fpGefYvQif? tpOf aemufpsmef&/
1/ pdwu f kd tm½kaH y:odYk a&mufatmif vTiw f ifjcif; oabm
[laom 0dwuf/
2/ 0dwufxifí tm½kHay:odkY a&mufNyD;aom pdwfudk
xdktm½kHay:rS qkwfvefí rvm& atmifç tus&atmif 0ef;0dkif;
az;r umqD;yifhwifjcif; tEkrZÆe oabm[laom 0dpm&ç
3/ ESpfoufjcif;[laom yDwdç
4/ udk,fpdwf at;jr ½Tifvef; csrf;omjcif;[laom okcç
5/ pdwf\ NidrfoufwnfMunfjcif;[laom {u*¾wmç
þ pseft*Fg 5-yg;wdkYvnf; twefi,f tm;aumif;
xif½Sm;í ay:ívmMuukef\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 57
þ psmeft*FgwdkYom r[kwf? psmeft*FgwdkYESifh vdkufavsm
Ekid af om <uif;aom apwoduw f &m;wdv Yk nf; tm;aumif; xif½mS ;í
ay:ívmMuukef\? xdktcg owdw&m;rsm; tvGefxif\? ,ck
tcgrSpí trd&ifcGifwGif; aemufqkH;ydwf EkdYpdkYonfhtcgusatmif
þtwGi;f jyKz;l orQ trIupd aö wGukd ,ckjyKae&bdouJo h Ykd tukev f ;Hk
jyefYí trSwf&\? pdwfrsm;vnf; tvGefBuD;xGm;\? vsifjref\?
pMum0VmwHwdkif;ay:odkY pdwfESifhajy;oGm; avQmufywfvdkufvQif
vufzspw f pfwu G f twGi;f rSmyif ywfr\ d / tuGi;f Bu;D xifí vdu k \f ?
pdw½f pI &m oGm;&mt&yfrmS rSeu f kd pdeo
f mG ;ESihf jcpf&müuJo h Ykd taMumif;
xifí vdkuf\? 0dwufoefykHrsm;rSmvnf; tvdk½Sd&mt&yfudk vTwf
vdu k w f ikd ;f wef;ueJ ajy;a&muf\? aysmñ h w
G f auG;aumufí raeNy/D
orxvrf;ü þuJo h Ykd y#dbm*edrw d f t&mXmeodYk a&mufEidk f
vQif xdyk *k K¾ v d u
f kd wd[w
d yf *k K¾ v
d [ f k rSwMf u? wd[w d yf *k Kd¾ vw f rYkd o
S mvQif
þae&mXme[k qdkufa&mufEdkifonf/ wd[dwfyk*¾dKvf r[kwfvQif
rqdkufa&mufEkdifNyD? rqdkufa&mufEdkif qdkw,fvdkY tm;rxkwfvdkY
rqdkufa&mufwmudkvJ rrSwf&? tm;xkwfygvsuf qdkufa&muf
csdefoifhygvsuf rqdkufa&mufrSom wd[dwfr[kwf[k rSwf&rnf/
tm;xkwf&mrSmvnf; tcsdKUrSm tESpf 25-30 yif MumrS
þae&mwdkYodkY a&mufEdkifMuonf? psmefr*fzkdvf w&m;xl;wdkYudk
&½SEd ikd Mf uonf? þae&m Xmewdo Yk nf wd[w d çf 'G[
d w d cf aJG om ae&m
wdkYwnf;? þae&mXmewdkYodkY qdkufa&mufí wd[dwfrSefcJhvQif
xdkyk*¾dKvfonf tvdkqE´½Sdu psmefr*fzdkvf w&m;xl;udk {uefrcRwf
&Edkif ,lEdkifawmh\/
(þum; y#dbm*edrdwf xifykHwnf;)
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 58
yxrpsmef
þodYk y#dbmedrw d uf kd &Ny;D a&mufNy;D aoma,m*Dy*k Kd¾ vo f nf
xdyk #dbm*edrw d uf kd pMumrif;avmif; ud, k 0f efuckd spcf ifapmifah ½Smuf
aom trduJhodkY tvGefcspfcif apmifha½Smufvsuf rarhravsmh
txyfxyftm;xkwf Munf½h zI efrsm;aomtcg pdwo f nf wjznf;jznf;
&ifoh efBu;D xGm;vsuf tm;aumif;vsuf Nird o f ufvsuf tMuiftcgü
tm½kHudk cdkifNrJ&mwG,fí tm½kHxJodkY 0ifbdouJhodkYjzpfí tm½kHudkpl;
pdkufí Nidrfí rSdef;í cHpm;í jzpfay:\? xdktcgü jzpfay:aom
pdwu f kd psmeft*Fg 5-yg;ESihf jynfph aHk om yxrpsmefpwf[k ac:onf/
yxrpsmefpw d [f rk w
S /f
þpsmeftyÜem0DxdusykHrSm-
pdwfonf a&ShaZm0g& tqkH;b0ifusí b0ifrSxNyD;vQif
þuodkPf;y#dbm*edrdwfudk tm½kHjyKí tm0ZÆef; y&duHç Oypmç
tEkvçHk a*gMwblç psmef-[k psmefaZmwpfBurd ?f xdaYk emuf b0ifusí
oGm;\/
xdak emuf tdyrf ufrufojzifh Ed;k í tdyrf ufukd jyefí qifjcif
aom oluhJodkY oifum; 0dwufç oifum; 0dpm&ç oifum; yDwdç
oifum; okc-ponfjzifh psmeft*Fg 5-yg;wdkYudk qifjcifaom
ypöa0u©Pm aZm0g&awG jzpfukef\/ þpsmeftyÜem0DxdrSm/ /
tm½kH ruGJjym;MuNyD? tm½kHruGJjym;bJvsuf tb,fhaMumifh
psmefaZmrSef; od&oenf;-qdkaomf y&duHç Oypmç tEkvkHç a*gMwbl
[laom aZmav;BudrfwdkYrSmum; umrwPSmvnf; ruif;ao;
rikyfwwf ao;NyD? jzpfMuykHvnf; MuyfMuyf rNidrfoufMuao;NyD?
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 59
a*gMwbl aemufüjzpfaom aZmwpfBurd rf mS rlum; umrwPSmvnf;
uif;í yg;í ikwfíoGm;\? pdwfvkH;vnf; tvGefBuD;xGm;\?
psmeft*FgwdvYk nf; tvGex f if&mS ;pGm Bu;D xGm;jzpfay:Muuke\
f ? oHru
dI kd
jrKyfatmif ½dkufvdkufvQif vIyfeJYír& ,drf;,dkifjcif; r&SdbdouJhodkY
jzpfykHvnf; tm½kHxJ0ifbdouhJodkY tvGefcdkifNrJpGm wG,fí pl;pdkufí
vIyf&Sm; ,drf;,dkifjcif;r&Sd tvGefNidrfoufpGmjzpf\? þodkYaom
taMumif;aMumifh psmefaZmrSef; odtyf\/
þpsmefaZmapwemuHonf-umrwPSm uif;jcif;aMumifh
umrbküH tusKd ;ray;Ny?D umrbku H kd vGeíf ½lyjA[®mbküH tudsK;ay;
\? xdkYaMumifh þpsmefpdwfukd ½lyg0p&pdwf[k ac:tyf\/
þuho J Ykd yxrpsmefukd &Ny;D aom a,m*Dy*k Kd¾ vo
f nf þyxr
psmefudk MuyfMuyf NrJNrHcdkifcYHatmif tm;aumif;atmif tzefzef
0ifpm;tyf\/
0ifpm;qdkonfum;- uodkPf; y#dbm*edrdwfudk tzefzef
½Ií psmefaZm tzefzefusaprIwnf;? ,cktpqk;H usaom tyÜem0Dxd
rSm psmefaZm 1-Budrfomus\? xdkYaemif 0ifpm;zef rsm;aomtcg
pdwftm;oefpGrf;í 1-Budrfç 2-Budrfç 3-Budrfç 4-Budrf ponfjzifh
pdwfoefoavmuf psmefaZmawG toacsF ra&wGufEdkifatmif
rsm;pGmyifusí oGm;\/ 1-em&DywfvkH; psmefaZmawGcsnf;usí
jzpfae\? wpfeHeufywfvkH;ç wpfaeYywfvkH;ç wpf&ufywfvkH;ç
ckepf&ufywfvkH; ponf Mumatmifyif psmefaZmcsnf;oufouf
usí jzpfíae\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 60
þuho J Ykd pdwu
f kd psmefoefprG ;f tm;aumif;atmif cdik cf aHh tmif
jyKNyD;vQif þyxrpsmefudk-
1/ ormyZÆe0oDç
2/ t"d|me0oDç
3/ 0k|me0oDç
4/ tm0ZÆe0oDç
5/ ypöa0u©P0oD-
[k 0oDabmf 5-yg;wdkYjzifh avYvmEdkifeif;atmif jyKtyf\/
aqmifyk'foHcdyf/ / tm0ZÆeH? ormyZÆef? "d|mefç 0k|me/
ypöa0u©P?f þig;wef? vsijf refvw kd ikd ;f &/
0oD a bmf 5-yg; t"d y Ü g ,f
þ0oDabmf 5-yg;wdkYwGif-
1/ psmefukd tvd&k adS om cPü tvsit f jreff 0ifpm;Edik rf u
I kd
ormyZÆe0oD-[k ac:onf/
2/ wpfcPç wpfem&Dç wpfeHeufç wpf&uf-ponfjzifh
rdrdtvdk&SdorQ umvywfvkH; ydkvnf;rydk& vdkvnf; rvdk&atmif
psmefaZmudk jzpfapEdkifrIç xm;EdkifrIudk t"d|me0oD-[k ac:onf/
3/ tcsdefumvudk ydkvnf;rydk& vdkvnf;rvdk&? rdrdrSef;
xm;aom tcsdefü psmefaZmrS xEdkifrIudk 0k|me0oD-[k ac:onf/
4/ psmefrx
S í psmeft*Fgwdu Yk kd qifjcifNy;D vQif wpfzef psmefukd
tvsiftjref0ifpm;&efzdkY psmeft*FgwdkYudk qifjcifaom tm0ZÆef;
vsifjrefpGm jzpfapEdkifrIudk tm0ZÆe0oD-[k ac:onf/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 61
5/ psmeft*Fgudk qifjcifNyD;vQif wpfzefpsmefudk tvsif
tjref0ifpm;&efzdkY psmeft*FgwdkYudk qifjcifaom ypöa0u©PmaZm
awGudk 7-Budrfavmuf rsm;pGm rjzpfapbJ 4-Budrf 5-BudrfrQ
avmufom usapEdkifrIudk ypöa0u©P0oD-[k ac:onf/
þodkY psmeft*Fgudk qifjcifaom aZmudk tvsiftjref
enf;enf;ESifh jywfapí aZmaemif b0ifwdkYudkvnf; rsm;pGmrjzpf
apbJ enf;enf;ESifhjywfapí tvsiftjref wpfzef psmefudk
0ifpm;EdkifrIudk ormyZÆe0oD-[k ac:onf/ þodkY 0oDabmf 5-
yg;udk vSnfhacGywfí odtyf\/
0oDabmf Edkifeif;aom olwumwdkYwGif txGwftxdyfodkY
a&mufawmfrlaom oAÁnKwbk&m;&SifwdkYtm; wefcdk;,rdkuf
jym#d[mudk jyaomtcgç tvGefvsifjrefpGm jyK&aomtcgwdkYüum;
ypöa0u©PmaZm 4-Budrfç 5-Budrf aZmaemif psmef\tMum; b0if
2-Budrfç 3-BudrfrQomjzpfukefonf? þonfvQif tenf;qHk; tEdkif
eif;qHk;yifwnf;? onfhxufum; enf;írjzpfEdkif/
bk&m;rS<uif;aom yk*Kd¾ vwf o
Ykd nfum; þrQavmuf b0ifukd
enf;atmif rwwfEikd Mf ujy?D aZmb0ifukd enf;atmif tvsit f jref
jzwfEdkifrIç ajymif;vJEdkifrIonf tvGefpdwfxufoef tm;aumif;rS
tvGefvsifrSjzpfEdkifonf/
xdaYk Mumifh pdwxf ufoefMu;D xGm;atmif tm;aumif;atmif
uodkPf;edrdwfudk BuD;atmif wdk;yGm;aptyf\/
wdk;yGm;ap&rnfhtcgrSm þuJhodkY psmefudk&NyD;aom tcgus
rSvnf; wd;k yGm;aptyf\? psmefr&cif y#dbm*edrw d o
f uYkd svQivf nf;
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 62
wd;k yGm;aptyf\/ y#dbm*edrw d o f Ykd ra&mufcif O*¾[edrw d tf cgüum;
rwd;k yGm;aptyf? O*¾[edrw d t f cgu wd;k yGm;vQif xdOk *¾[edrw d o f nf
Bu;D yGm;íum;vdu k \ f ? pdwEf ikd af tmif rxde;f Edik çf r&IEikd o f jzifh usí J
uGJí ysufpD;í oGm;wwfonf/
xdkYaMumifh O*¾[edrdwfudkum; BuD;atmif ESvHk;roGif;tyf?
rwdk;yGm;aptyf? y#dbm*edrdwfodkYusrSç psmefudkaomfvnf;&NyD;rS
BuD;atmifESvHk;oGif;tyfç wdk;yGm;aptyf\/
wd;k yGm;apyHrk mS vnf;- pdwu f ]]Bu;D Bu;D ? Bu;D Bu;D }} [k ESv;kH oGi;f
vQipf w d xf ifwikd ;f atmufarhwikd ;f y#dbm*edrw d f uodP k ;f 0ef;Bu;D í
vdu k o f nf? vdu k wf ikd ;f wpfcgwnf; rBu;D aptyf? wjznf;jznf; vuf
1-opfç 2-opf 4-opfç 8-opfç 1-awmifç 1-vHç 10-vH ponfjzifh
pBum0VmESifh tjynfhwkdifaomfvnf;aumif;? xkdxuf tvGefaomf
vnf;aumif; wpfpwpfp BuD;yGm;aptyf\? tvkd½Sdoavmufç
pdwfoefoavmuf us,fíBuD;í vkduf\/
atmufpsmefukd &í txufpsmefudk wufvkdaomtcg
rdr&d Ny;D aom atmufpsmefudk ckid Nf rt J m; aumif;atmif 0oDabmfEidk f
atmif jyKNy;D rS txufpsmefudk wuftyfç &atmif jyKtyf\? þuJo h Udk
rjyKbJ wufvQif txufpsmefuv dk nf; r&? atmufpsmefvnf;ysu?f
2-yg;pkHrS avsmusysufpD;wwf\/
(þum; yxrpsmefokdY wufykHwnf;)
'k w d , psmef o k d Y wuf y H k
yxrpsmefukd &NyD;í ckdifNrJtm;aumif;atmifç 0oDabmf
Ekdifatmif jyKNyD;í txuf'kwd,psmefukd wufEkdifjcif;iSg tm;xkwf
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 63
vkdaom a,m*Dyk*¾Kdvfonf-
1/ þ,ck ig&aom yxrpsmefpw d of nf atmufusao;\/
2/ eD0&P-[laom &efoleD;ao;\/
3/ 0dwufygjcif;aBumifh tvGefvIyf½Sm; ½kefY&if;Murf;wrf;
ao;\? tm;tpGrf; nHhzsif;ao;\/
4/ 0dwufrygvQif onhfxuf odrfharGUNidrfouf&m\? tm;
tpGrf;aumif;&m\
[k qifjcifí 0dwufukdrkef;í 0dwufrygaom psmefpdwfukd
cspcf ifawmifw h í 0dwufudk rygap vkad omqE´jzifh xkyd x0Dy#dbm*
edrw
d u f ydk ifvQif ]]ajrajr}} [k pdwx
f u
J rSwvf suf tzefzef Munf½h I
aom tcg pdwx f üJ 0dwufonf wjznf;jznf; odraf rGUí odraf rGUí
oGm;vsuf 0dwufikyfí 0dwufrygbJ yxrpsmef0DxdusouJhokdY
0dpm&çyDwçd okcç{u*¾wm[k psmeft*gF 4-yg;ESihf jynfph aHk om psmef0x
D d
usvm\/ þpsmefukd 2-Budrfajrmuf&tyf 0if;pm;tyfaom psmef
jzpfí 'kwd,psmef[k ac:qkdrSwfom;tyf\? þpsmefukdvnf; a½S;
enf;twl ckdifNrJtm;aumif;atmif 0oDabmfEkdifatmif jyKtyf\/
(þum; 'kwd,psmefodkY wufykHwnf;/)
wwd , psmef o k d Y wuf y k H
'kw, d psmefudk &Ny;D í ckid Nf rt
J m;aumif;atmif 0oDabmfEidk f
atmif jyKNyD;í txuf wwd,psmefukd wufEkdifjcif;iSg tm;xkwf
vkdaom a,m*Dyk*¾Kdvfonf-
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 64
1/ 'kwd,psmefpdwfonfvnf; atmufusao;\/
2/ 0dwuf[laom &oleD;ao;\/
3/ 0dpm& ygESjd cif;aMumifh ½ke&Yf if;Murf;wrf;ao;\ tm;tpGr;f
nhHzsif;ao;\/
4/ 0dpm&rygvQif onfhxuf odrfarGUNidrfouf&m\/ tm;
tpGrf;aumif;&m\/
[kqifjcifí 0dpm&ukdrkef;í 0dpm&rygaom psmefukd
cspfcifawmif;wí 0dpm&ukd rygapvkdaom qE´jzifh xkdyx0D
y#dbm* edrdwfukdyifvQif ]]ajrçajr}} [k pdwfxJurSwfvsuf tzef
zefMunfh½Iaom tcg0dpm& wjznf;jznf; odrfarGUí oGm;vsuf
0dpm&ikwfí 0dpm&rygbJ yDwdç okcç {u*¾wm-[kpsmeft*gF 3-yg;
ESifh jynfhpkHaom a½SUenf;wl psmefaZm0Dxd usvm\/
þpsmefudk 3-Burd af jrmuf &tyf 0ifpm;tyfaom psmefjzpfí
wwd,psmef[k ac:qkdrSwfom;tyf\? þpsmefukdvnf; cdkifNrJ
tm;aumif;atmif 0oDabmfEdkifatmif jyKtyf\/
(þum; wwd,psmefodkY wufykHwnf;/)
pwk w ¬ p smef o d k Y w uf y k H
wwd,psmefudk &NyD;í cdkifNrJtm;aumif;atmif 0oDabmf
Edik af tmif jyKNy;D í txuf pwkwp¬ smefukd wufEikd jf cif;iSm tm;xkwf
vdkaom a,m*Dyk*¾Kdvfonf-
1/ wwd,psmefpdwfonfvnf; atmufusao;\/
2/ 0dpm&[laom &efoleD;ao;\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 65
3/ yDwdonf ESpfoufjcif; oabmjzpfí umr&wdESifh
eD;pyfaom oabm½Sd\? umr&wd-[laom &efolESifheD;\/
4/ þyDwdyg&Sdjcif;aMumifh pdwfonf ay:vGif\? ½kefY&if;
Murf;wrf;ao;\? tm;tpGrf;vnf; nHhzsif;ao;\/
5/ yDwdrygvQif onfhxuf odrfarGUNidrfouf&m\? tm;
tpGrf;vnf;auif;&m\/
[k qifjcifí yDwdudk rkef;í yDwdrygaom psmefudk cspfcif
awmifhwí yDwdudkrygapvdkaom qE´jzifh xdky#dbm*edrdwfudkyif
vQif ]]ajrç ajr}}[k pdwfxJurSwfvsuf tzefzefMunfh½Iaomtcg
yDwdonf wjznf;jznf;odrfarGUí odrfarGUí oGm;vsuf yDwdikwfí
yDwdrygbJ okcç {u*¾wm-[k psmeft*Fg 2-yg;ESifh jynfhpkHaoma&S;
enf;wl psmefaZm0Dxd usvm\/
þpsmefukd 4-Burfajrmuf&tyf 0ifpm;tyfaom psmefjzpfí
pwkw¬pmef[k ac:qdkrSwfom;tyf\? þpsmefudkvnf; cdkifNrJtm;
aumif;atmif 0oDabmfEdkifatmif jyKtyf\/
(þum; pwkw¬psmefodkY wufykHwnf;/ )
yÍö r psmef o d k Y w uf y k H
pwkw¬psmefudk&NyD;í cdkifNrJtm;aumif;atmif 0oDabmf
Edkifatmif jyKNyD;í txufyÍörpsmefudk wufEdkifjcif;iSm tm;xkwf
vdkaom a,m*Dyk*¾dKonf-
1/ pwkw¬psmef pdwfonfvnf; atmufusao;\/
2/ yDwd[laom &efol eD;ao;\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 66
3/ okconf umr&wd umrokcwdEYk iS hf eD;pyfaom oabm
&Sd\/ umr&wd umrokc-[laom &efolESifh eD;\/
4/ þokcyg&Sjd cif;aMumifh pdwof nf ay:vGi\f ? ½ke&Yf if;Murf;
wrf;ao;\/ tm;tpGrf;vnf; nHhzsif;Murf;wrf;ao;\/
5/ pdwfxJü tm½kHudk aumif;onf[kcHpm;aom okcrsdK;
r[kwb f J tm½kuH akd umif;onf[í l vnf;aumif;? raumif;bl[í l
vnf;aumif; rcHpm;bJ tv,ftvwf cHpm;jcif; Oayu©moabm
ESifhaevQif onfhxufodrfarGU Nidrfouf&m\? tm;tpGrf;vnf;
aumif;&m\/
[k qifjcifí okcudrk ek ;f í Oayu©mudk cspcf ifawmifw h í
xdkyx0Dy#dbm*edrdwfudk ]]ajrçajr}}[k pdwf xJurSwfí tzefzef
Munfh½Iaomtcg okconf wjznf;jznf; odrfarGUí odrfarGUí
oGm;vsuf aumif;onf[k cHpm;jcif; oabmr[kw?f raumif;bl;[k
cHpm;jcif;oabmvnf; r[kwfbJ aumif;rIç raumif;rI ESpfbufokdY
rusbJtv,ftvwf cHpm;jcif; Oayu©ma0'em jzpfvmí
{u*¾wmESifhwuG psmeft*Fg 2-yg;ESifh jynfhpkHaom a½S;enf;wl
psmefaZm0Dxd usvm\? þpsmefudk 5-Burd af jrmuf &tyf 0ifpm;tyf
aom psmefjzpfí yÍörpsmef[k ac:qdrk w S of m;tyf\? þpsmefuv dk nf;
ckdifNrJtm;aumif;atmif 0oDabmfEdkifatmif jyKtyf\\/
(þum; yÍörpsmefokdY wufykHwnf;/)
pwk u ú e nf ; =yÍö u enf ;
yxrpsmefç 'kw,
d psmefçf wwd,psmefç pwkwpå smefç yÍörpsmefç
wkdYukd&atmif tm;xkwf&mü-
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 67
1/ tcsKdUaom yk*¾KdvfwkdYrSmpsmef 5-qifh &Sdonf? þenf;udk
yOöuenf;[lívnf;ac:Muonf/
2/ tcsdKUaom yk*¾dKvfwdkYrSmum; 0dwufESifh 0dpm&udk
waygif;wnf; wpfBudrfwnf; y,fcscJhí psmef4-qifhom&Sdonf?
xdkenf;udk pwkuúenf; [líac:onf/
xdk pwkuúenf;ü wwd,psmefonf 'kwd,psmefjzpf\?
pwkw¬psmefonfwwd,psmefjzpf\? yOörpsmefonf pwkw¬psmef
jzpf\/
psmef u d k uod P ac:yk H
yx0DuodP k ;f udk Munf½h yI mG ;rsm; tm;xkwv f Qif yÍörpsmefu
f s
atmif psmef 5-yg;vk;H udk &Edik \
f ? yx0DuodP k ;f udk Munf½h í
I &aom
psmefwdkYonfvnf; ajr0ef; yx0DuodkPf;udk Munfh½Ií&aom
psmefjzpfjcif;aMumifh yx0DuodP-[líyif trnf&ukef\/
txk H 0 oD y g&rD & S d o l r&S d o l E S i f h uod k P f ; 0ef ;
yx0DuodP-psmefudk&atmif yx0DuodkPf;edrdwfudk
Munfh½I,l&mrSm a&S;twdwf eD;aomb0u yx0DajruodkPf;
edrdwfudk &cJhbl;aom txkH0oDyg&rD t"dum& r&SdchJaomolrSm
ajrBuD;uodkPf;0ef; taotcsmvkyfí ½IrSyif edrdwf&Edkifonf?
psmef&Edik o
f nf/
a&S;txk0H oD yg&rD t"dum& &Sad omolrmS um; rjyKrjyifbJ
yuwdajrjyif aumufe,fwvif;ç xGe, f uf xm;aom v,fuu G çf
,muGuçf v,fcif;ç ,mcif;wdu Yk ydk if ]]ajrçajr}} [k ESv;Hk oGi;f í Munf½h I
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 68
vdu
k v
f Qif yx0DuodP
k ;f edrw
d f &Edik o
f nf? psmefwu
Ykd kd jzpfapEdik o
f nf/
yx0DuajrodkPf; yGm;rsm;tm;xkwfykH NyD;\/
------------
(c) tmayg-a&uod k P f ; yG m ;rsm;tm;xk w f y k H
tmayg- a&uodkPf;udk Munfh½IyGm;rsm; tm;xkwfaom
a,m*Dyk*¾dKvfonf a&S;twdwf eD;aomb0u a&uodkPf;udk
&chJbl;aom txkH0oD yg&rD t"dum&&SdchJvQif rjyKrjyifbJ yuwd
aom jrpfç ork'´&mç tdkifç a&uefç a&wGif;-wdkYudk Munfh½I½kHrQjzifh
tvG,fwulESifhyif a&edrdwf &Edkif\? txkH0oD yg&rD t"dum&
r&SdchJvQif wpfawmifavmufç awmifqkyfavmuf t0us,faom
tapmufeufaom tdk;ç cGufç pnfydkif;xJü MunfvifpGmaom
a&udx k nfíh ajruodP k ;f ü tus,q f ckd NJh y;D aom ½Ienf; Munfeh nf;
½IyMHk unfyh tHk wdik ;f a&udpk w
d xf üJ O*¾[edrw d &f atmif Munf½h &I m\/
þ a&uodkPf;ü- O*¾[edrdwfum; jyifbuf y&dur®edrdwf
a&ESifh txyfwnf;wl\? jyifbufa&uhJodkY vIyf&Sm;vQif vIyf&Sm;
aomtwdkif; tyGufygvQif tyGuftwdkif; ygvsufxif\? y#dbm*
edrw d u f m; tyGurf &S?d vIyf &Sm;jcif;r&S?d tvGeNf ird o f ufvsuf xdOk *¾[
edrwd x f uf tqt&mru omvGeí f MunfvifpmG xif\? rSeñ f okd m;
uhoJ Ykd wom;wnf; tvGeMf unfvifpmG xif\? psmefyaHk y:rSm yx0Dajr
uodP k ;f enf; twdik ;f ay:\? þa&uodP k ;f vnf; psmef 5-yg;vk;H udk
jzpfapEdkif\/
(yx0DajruodkPf; yGm;rsm;enf;twdkif; tus,fyGm;rsm;av/)
tmayg-a&uodkPf; yGm;rsm;tm;xkwfykH NyD;\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 69
(*) awaZm-rD ; uod k P f ; yG m ;rsm;tm;xk w f y k H
awaZm-rD;uodkPf;udkvnf; a&S;twdwf eD;aomb0u
tm;xkwcf b YJ ;l aom txk0H oD yg&rD t"dum& &Scd v YJ Qif yuwdaom
rD;ykHç rD;usD;ç rD;awmufç qDrD;ç za&mif;wdkifrD;wdkYudkyif Munfh½Ií
edrdwf&Edkif\? txkH0oD yg&rD t"du& &SdcJYvQif yuwdaom rD;ykHç
rD;us;D ç rD;awmufç qDr;D ç za&mif;wkid f rD;ukyd if Munf½Y í I edrw d &f Ekid \
f ?
txk0H oD yg&rD t"dum& r&Scd v YJ Qif rD;awmufuadk omfvnf;aumif;?
rD;us;D pkuadk omfvnf;aumif;jzpfapí rylavmufaom teD;üxm;í
tvGwfvnf;MunfY½I&m\? zsmç ½kdifç oJyGwfç 0g;uyf-ponfukd
wpfxGmavmuf taygufazmufí xkdtaygufjzifY umpD;íaomf
vnf; MunfY½I&m\/
þrD;uokdPf;ü O*¾[edrdwfum; jyifbuf y&dur®edrdwf
twkid ;f rD;cJjzpfvQif tck;d taiGU t&Sed Ef iS w Yf uG rD;cJawG tpdwt f pdwf
uGJvsufyifxif\/ y#dbm*edrdwfrSm tckd;taiGU t&Sdefuif;vsuf
rD;cJwpfckwnf; wom;wnf;awG cJvsufxif\? rD;awmuf O*¾[
edrwd rf mS tck;d taiGU t&Sed Ef iS w
Yf uG avmifpmxif;ESiw Yf uG vIy&f mS ;
vsufxif\? y#dbm*edrdwfrSm tckd;taiGUt&Sdefr&Sd avmifpmxif;
pr&Sd jird of ufpmG xif\? psmefay:ykrH mS yx0DajruokP d ;f enf;twkid ;f
ay:\/
awaZmrD;uokdPf; yGm;rsm;tm;xkwfykH NyD;\/
----------
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 70
(C) 0ga,m-avuok d P f ; yG m ;rsm;tm;xk w f y k H
0ga,m-avuokdPf;ukdvnf; a&S;twdwf eD;aomb0u
0ga,m-avuokdPf;ukd &cJYbl;aom txkH0oD yg&rD t"dum&
&SdcJYvQif yuwdaumif;uifjyifrSm vGifYwkdufíaeaom avukdyif
zrf;í edrdwf&atmif ,lEkdif\/
txkH0oD yg&rD t"dum& r&SdcJYvQif jrufyifzsm;ç ajymif;
yifzsm;ç BuHyifzsm;ç 0g;½kHyifzsm;ç opfukdif; zsm;ç vufav;opfrQ
avmuf½Snfaom qHwkdqHyifzsm;wkdYü avwjzwfjzwfcwfí
vIyfíaeaomtcg xkdcwftyfaom jrufyifzsm;ç ajymif;yifzsm;ç
BuyH ifzsm;-ponfwjYdk zifrY w S íf wku d cf wfvmaomavukd þae&mü
avawG ajy;vGiYf íwku d cf wfí &Sad eonf[k owdynmjzifY rSwí f
pdwu f ;l í ]]avçav}}[k Munf½Y zI rf;,ltyf\? avwku d cf wfaomtcg
uk, d u f dk avwku d cf í
H aomfvnf; xkad vwku d cf wfí xdreS ;f odaom
ae&mü avukdESvkH;oGif;í owdonmjzifY rSwfí pdwful;í
zrf;,ltyf\/
þavuodkPf;ü -O*¾[edrdwfum; a&awGuJhodkYaomf
vnf;aumif;? rD;cdk;uJhodkYaomfvnf;aumif; pD;oGm; ajy;vGifhaom
tjcif;t&mtm;jzifh vIyf½Sm;vsuf xif\? y#dbm*edrdwfum;
rvIyrf ½Sm; Nird o f ufpmG xif\? psmefay:yHrk mS yx0D ajruodP k ;f enf;
twdkif; ay:\? avudkrsufpdjzifh rjrif&aomfvnf; rD;cdk;wdkY? a&wdkY
uJo h yYkd ifwnf;/
0ga,m avuodkPf; yGg;rsm; tm;xkwfyHk NyDd;\/
--------
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 71
(i) eD v tnd K uod k P f ; yG g ;rsm;tm;xk w f y H k
eDv -tndK uodkPf;udkvnf; a½S;twdwf eD;aomb0u
eDv-tndKuodP k ;f udk &bl;aom txH0k oD yg&rD t"dum& ½Scd v hJ Qif
rjyKrjyifbJ ndKndKjriforQ tvHk;pHkaom 0w¬Kudkyif Munfh½SKí
tvG,w f uljzifh edrwd &f Edik \
f ? txH0k oD yg&rD t"dum& r½Scd v hJ Qif
rdrt
d xGmjzifh wpfxmG avmuf tvsm;teHus,pf mG opfom;udk ,yf-
0ef;ç a&tdk;zHk;rsm;uJhodkY vufudkifp&m t½dk;ESifhwuG uodkPf;0ef;
vkyíf tndKq;kH aq;udk tacsmqH;k tvSq;kH -aeatmifvyk í f okwí f
tem;ü tndKa&mifudk awmufxapwwfaom teDjzpfapç tjzL
jzpfap- trSwrf ½Sd wpfcck k 'efyw l pfjym; (aiGr;l aphcef)Y aq;riftem;
owf wifom; okwv f rd ;f í ]]tndK? ndK}}[k pdwx f uJ rSwí f Munf½h I
í-edrw d , f &l m\/
þtndKuodkPf;ü- O*¾[edrdwfum; jyifbuf y&dur®
edrdwfESifh wxyfwnf;wlpGm rsufpdESifh jrifaom twkdif;yifxif\?
y#dbm* edrdwfrSm O*¾[edrdwfxuf tqt&mru ndKacsmajymif
vif;vsuf tvGefESpfoufzG,f ywåjrm;ndK,yf0ef;uJhodkY xif\?
psmefay:ykHrSm yx0DajruodkPf; enf;twdkif; ay:\/
eDv-tndKuodkPf; yGm;rsm;tm;xkwfykH NyD;\/
-----------
(p) yD w - t0guod k P f ; yG m ;rsm;tm;xk w f y k H
yDw- t0guodkPf;udkvnf; a&S;twdwf eD;aomb0u
yDw-t0guodkPf;udk &zl;aom txkH0oD yg&rD t"dum& &SdcJhvQif
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 72
rjyKrjyifbJ 0g0gjriforQ tvkH;pkHaom 0w¬Kudkyif Munfh&Ií
tvG,w f uljzifh edrw
d &f Edik \
f ? txH0k oD yg&rD t"dum& r&Scd v hJ Qif
rdrd txGmjzifh wpfxGmavmuf tvsm;teH us,fpGm opfom;udk
,yf0ef;ç a&tdk;zkH;rsm;uJhodkY vufudkifp&m t½dk;ESifhwuG uodkPf;
0ef;vkyfí t0gqkH;aq;udk tacsmqkH; tvSqHk;jzpfatmif okwfí
tem;ü t0ga&mifukd awmufxapwwfaom teDjzpfapç tndKjzpf
apç teufjzpfapç tjzLjzpfap-trSwrf &Sw d pfcck k 'efyw
l pfjym; (aiGr;l
aphcefY ) aq;rif tem;ywf wifom;okwfvdrf;í ]]t0gç t0g}} [k
pdwfxJurSwfí Munfh&Ií edrdwf,l&m\/
þt0guodkPf;ü- O*¾[edrdwfum; jyifbufy&dur®edrdwf
ESihf wxyfwnf;wlpmG rsupf Ed iS jhf rifaomtwdik ;f yif xif\? y#dbm*
edrdwfrSm O*¾[edrdwfxuf tqt&mru 0g-acsmajymifvif;vsuf
tvGefESpfoufzG,f ywåjrm;0g ,yf0ef;uJhodkY xif\? psmefay:yHkrSm
yx0DajruodkPf; enf;twdkif; ay:\/
yDw-t0guodkPf; yGm;rsm;tm;xkwfyHk NyD;\/
------------
(q) avm[d w teD u od k P f ; yG m ;rsm;tm;xk w f y H k
avm[dw-teDuodkPf;udkvnf; a&S;twdwf eD;aom
b0u avm[dwteDuodkPf;udk &zl;aom txHk0oD yg&rD
t"dum& &SdcJhvQif rjyKrjyifbJ eDeDorQ tvHk;pHkaom 0w¬Kudkyif
Munf&h íI tvG,w f uljzifh edrwd &f Edik \f ? txH0k oD yg&rD t"dum&
r&SdcJhvQif rdrdtxGmjzifhwpfxGmavmuf tvsm;teHus,fpGm
opfom;udk ,yf0ef;ç a&td;k zH;k rsm;uJo h Ykd vufuikd pf &m t½k;d ESiw
hf uG
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 73
uodkPf;0ef;vkyfí teDqHk;aq;udk tacsmqHk; tvSqHk;aeatmif
okwí f tem;ü teDa&mifukd awmufxapwwfaom tndKjzpfapç
t0gjzpfapç tjzLjzpfap-trSwfr&Sd wpfckck 'efylwpfjym; (aiGrl;
aphcefY) aq;rif tem;ywf wifom; okwfvdrf;í]]teDçteD}} [k
pdwfxJurSwfí Munfh½Ií edrdwf,l&m\/
þteDuodP k ;f ü-O*¾[edrwd u
f m; jyifbuf y&dur®erd w
d Ef iS hf
wxyfwnf;wlpGm rsufpdESifh jrifaom twdkif;yif xif\? y#dbm*
edrw
d rf mS O*¾[edrw
d xf uf tqt&mru eD-acsm ajymifvif;vsuf
tvGef ESpfoufzG,fywåjrm;eDç ,yf0ef;uhJodkY xif\? psmefay:ykHrSm
yx0DajruodkPf; enf;twdkif; ay:\/
avm[dw- teDuodkPf; yGm;rsm;tm;xkwfykH NyD;\/
-------------
(Z) Mo'gw- tjzLuod k P f ; yG m ;rsm;tm;xk w f y k H
Mo'gw- tjzLuodP k ;f udv
k nf; a&S;twdwf eD;aomb0u
Mo'gw-tjzLuodP k ;f udk &zl;aom txk0H oD yg&rDt"dum& &Scd v Jh Qif
rjyKrjyifbJ jzLjzLjriforQ tvkH;pkHaom 0w¬Kudkyif Munfh½Ií
tvG,w f uljzifh edrw d &f Edik \
f ? txk0H oD yg&rD t"dum& r&Scd v Jh Qif
rdrdtxGmjzifh wpfxGmavmuf tvsm;teHus,fpGm opfom;udk
,yf0ef;ç a&td;k zk;H rsm;uhoJ Ykd vufuikd pf &m t½d;k ESiw hf uG uodP k ;0ef;
vkyíf tjzLqk;H aomaq;udk tacsmqk;H tvSq;Hk aeatmif okwí f
tem;ü tjzLa&mifudk awmufxapwwfaom teufjzpfapç
t0gjzpfapç teDjzpfap trSwrf &Sd wpfcck k 'efyw l pfjym; (aiGr;l aphcef)Y
aq;riftem;ywf wifom; okwv f rd ;f í ]]tjzL tjzL }} [k pdwx f u J
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 74
rSwfí Munfh½Ií edrdwf,l&m\/
þ tjzLuodkPf;ü- O*¾[edrdwfum; jyifbuf y&dur®
edrdwfESifh wxyfwnf;wlpGm rsufpdESifh jrifaom twdkif;yif xif\?
y#dbm*edrdwfrSm xdkO*¾[edrdwfxuf tqt&mru jzLacsmEke,f
ajymifvif;vsuf tvGefESpfoufzG,f jzpfí xif\? tjzL y&dur®
edrw
d u
f kd Munf½h aI omtcg tay:&Hü a&uho J Ykd vIy&f mS ;tdtd tay:
a&mif&Sd\?
xdktay:a&mif twGif;u ay:vmaom tjzLxufyif
y#dbm*edrdwfu tqrsm;pGm omvGefí jzLacsmeke,f ajymifvif;
ao;\? psmefay:ykHrSm yx0DajruodkPf;enf;twdkif; ay:\/
Mo'gw- tjzLuodkPf; yGm;rsm;tm;xkwfykH NyD;\/
-------------
(ps) tmavmu-tvif ; uod k P f ; yG m ;rsm;tm;xk w f y k H
tmavmu-tvif;uodP k ;f edrw
d q
f o
kd nfum; trd;k aygufç
eH&Haygufrsm;rS aea&mif0ifvmí tdrfcef; ausmif;cef;twGif;
Murf;jyif eH&Hrsm;rSm xifaeaom aea&mifuGufudk qdkonf?
xdkaea&mif uGufudk ]]tvif; tvif;}} [k pdwfxJurSwfí rsufpd
ESijhf rifaomtwdik ;f pdwx
f üJ pGuJ yfxifjrifí ygvmatmif Munf½h í I
,l&m\? þuhJodkY aea&mifuGuftcif;u Mum&SnfrcHí &atmif
r,ledkifvQif rSefudkaeylü tcef;wGif;odkY rsufESmvSnfhjyxm;í
xdrk eS af &mif tvif;uGuu f kd Munfíh ,l&m\? nOft h cg tcef;wGi;f
eH&Hü wyg;rS vmapí xifvmaom rD;a&mif tvif;uGufudkaomf
vnf; Munfh½Ií ,l&m\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 75
þtvif;uodP k ;f ü- O*¾[edrw d u
f m; tjyifbuf y&dur®
edrdwfESifh wxyfwnf;wlpGm rsufpdESifh jrifaom twdkif;yif xif\?
y#dbm*edrw d rf mS xkOd *¾[wdrw d xf ufomvGeí f vif;vsuf xl;uJpmG
awGUcJí ta&mifvkH; ta&mifcJBuD;uJhokdY xif\? psmefay:ykHrSm
yx0DajruokdPf; enf;twkdif;ay:vm\/
tmavmu-tvif;uokdPf; yGm;rsm;tm;xkwfykH NyD;\/
------------
(n) tmumo-tvif ; a&mif u ok d P f ; yG m ;rsm;tm;xk w f y k H
tmumo-aumif;uifuokdPf;edrdwf qkdonfum; trkd;
aygufç eH&aH ygufç jywif;aygufrsm; ukq d o
dk nf? Munf½h v
I adk omtcg
0kid ;f 0kid ;f pufpuf vSypGm yPm&atmif trk;d ukjd zpfapç eH&u H jdk zpfap
rdrdtxGmjzifh 2-xGmavmuf 0dkif;0dkif;pufpuf taygufazmufí
xdktaygufudk ]]aumif;uif[if;vif;ç aumif;uif[if;vif;}} [k
pdwfxJurSwfí rsufpdESifh jrifaomtwdkif; [if;vif;aumif;uif
uGufudk pdwfxJü pGJuyfxifjrifí ygvmatmif Munfh½Ií ,l&m\/
(t0dkif;rSomr[kwf av;axmifh jywif;aygufudkvnf;
Munfh½I,l&yg\? edrdwf&onfom vdk&if;wnf;/)
þaumif;uifuodP k ;f ü- O*¾[edrwd u
f m; trd;k pGe;f ç eH&pH eG ;f
ESifhwuG xif\? y#dbm*edrdwfrSm tpGef;aysmufvsuf aumif;uif
[if;vif;uGuf oufoufBu;D xif\? psmefay:ykrH mS yx0DajruodP k ;f
enf;twdkif; ay:\/
tmumo-aumif;uifuodkPf; yGm;rsm;tm;xkwfykH NyD;\/
---------------
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 76
uod P ur® | mef ; ü rS w f z G , f
0PÖ - tqif ; uod k P f ; ü-uPS - rnf ; euf a omtqif ; ç
[&dw-pdefaomtqif;wdkYudkvnf; Munfh½Ií edrdwf&Edkif\? psmef
&Edkif\? uPS-uodkPf;ç [&dw-uodkPf;wdkYudk eDv-uodkPf;
[líyif ac:qdk a&wGuftyf\/
xdkenf;wl-
1/ t0gESifheD;pyfaom tvkH;pkHaom tqif;uodkPf;wdkYudk
t0g-uodkPf;[líyif ac:qdk a&wGuftyf\/
2/ teDESifheD;pyfaom tvkH;pkHaom tqif;wdkYudk teD-
uodkPf;[líyif ac:qdka&wGuftyf\/
3/ tjzLESifheD;pyfaom rGJjymjym jympdrf;pdrf;paom tvkH;pkH
aomtqif;wdkYudk tjzL-uodkPf;[líyif ac:qdk a&wGuftyf\/
(avmuü rsufpdjzifh jrifjriforQ uodkPf;csnf;yifwnf;?
t&yf 10-rsuEf mS udk b,ft&yfub kd J MunfMh unfh uodPk ;f csn;f yif
jrif&awmh\? edrdwf&atmifom Munfh½Ií ,lMuav/)
uodkPf;udk Munfh½I yGm;rsm;vdkaom a,m*Dyk*¾dKvfonf
uodkPf; 10-yg;wdkYwGif rdrdpdwf cspfcif ESpfouf wG,fwmykH&aom
wpfckckaom uodkPf;udk a&S;OD;pGm Munfh½Ií edrdwf,lí psmef 5-
yg;wdkYudk jzpfap&m\? uodkPf;edrdwfwpfckckudk &onf&Sdaomf
<uif;uodkPf;edrdwfwdkYudk tvG,fwuljzifhyif &&SdEdkifawmh\? a&S;
twdwfumvu txkH0oD yg&rD t"dum&r&Sdaom yuwdaom
yk*Kd¾ vrf mS yx0D uodP k ;f vnf; cufco J nf? edrwd f &cJonf? 0ga,m
uodP k ;f ç tmavmu uodP k ;f wdv
Yk nf; cufonf? edrw d f &cJonf/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 77
a&uodkPf;ç rD;uodkPf;ç aumif;uifuodkPf;wdkYvnf;
awmfawmfvG,f\? tvG,fqkH;rSm 0PÖ-tqif; uodkPf;wdkY omí
vG,f\? tvkyf& tMunfh& vG,f\? edrdwfvnf; &vG,f\/
þ0PÖ-tqif;uodP k ;f wdw
Yk iG v
f nf; tm'dur®u d tOD;tp
yk*¾dKvftm; xdeç rd'¨ xdkif;rdIif;jcif;udk vsifjrefpGm uif;uGmap
wwfaom tvGefpdwfÓPfudk Munfapwwfaom edrdwfr&cif
vrf;c&D;üyif txnf0w¬K tqif;[lorQudk tvdk&Sdwdkif; jrifap
wwfaom tvGew f efc;kd tmEkabmfBu;D aom uodP k ;f wdwYk iG f tjrwf
qkH;ç taumif;qkH;ç tomqkH;- [lí bk&m;&Sif {w'*fxm;awmfrl
aom Mo0g'-tjzLuodP k ;f udk a&S;OD;pGm yGm;rsm;jcif;udk igwdYk vGepf mG
ESpof uf\/
uodkPf; 10-yg; yGm;rsm;tm;xkwfykH NyD;\/
-----------
5/ tok b ur® | mef ; ud k jyqd k c ef ;
(u) O'¨ K rmwu tok b ur® | mef ; yG g ;rsm;tm;xk w f y k H
tokb 10-yg;wdkYwGif-
O'¨ K rmwu tok b --qd k o nf u m; aoNyD ; í nd K uG u f
rvmcif zl;zla&mifaom vlaoaumifudk qdkonf? O'¨Krmwu
tokbudk Munf½h I yGg;rsm;vdak om a,m*Dy*k K¾ v d o
f nf zl;zl;a&mifaom
vlaoaumifudk uodkPf; edrdwf ,lbdouJhodkY rsufpdjzifh jrifaom
twdik ;f pdwx f üJ pGu
J yfxifjrifí ygívmatmif pufqyk zf , G af om
taumifykyf[k pdwfxJu rSwfí rsufpdjzifh Munfhí edrdwf,l&m\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 78
þO'¨ K rmwu tok b ü- O*¾[edrdwfum; rsufpdjzifh
jrifaomtwdkif;yif pufqkyfzG,f aMumufrufzG,fBuD;twdkif;yif
xif\? y#dbm*edrw d rf mS aMumufrufz, G f pufqyk zf ,
G f r&S?d tvGef
acsmrGev
f yS pGm jynfNh zKd ;pGm ESpof ufz, G jf zpfí xif\? þO*¾[edrw d çf
y#dbm*edrdwf 2-yg;udkyif pufqkyfzG,f[k pdwfxm;í ESvkH;oGif;í
½Ityf\? Munfh½Izefrsm;aomtcg uodkPf;ü qdkcJhNyD;aomtwdkif;
yxrpsmef aZm0Dxdusvm\? yxrpsmefudk &\/
(tm½kHMurf;wrf;jcif;aMumifh txuf 'kwd,psmefudkum;
rjzpfapEdik ?f r&Edik ?f <uif;tokbwdv Yk nf; xdek nf;wl yxrpsmefrQukd
om jzpfapEdkifMu\)
(c) 0d e D v u tok b ur® | mef ; yG g ;rsm;tm;xk w f y k H
0d e D v u tok b --qd k o nf u m; yk y f í nd K aeaom
zl;zl;a&mifNyD;í uGJaygufcgeD; tndK teD ponfa&mvsuf tuGuf
tuG u f ay:xyk y f & d a om vl a oaumif y k y f B uD ; ud k qd k o nf ?
þ0d e D v u tok b ud k v nf ; ]]0d e D v u-yk y f í nd K íaeaom
olaumif}} [k pdwx f uJ rSwvf suf O'¨Krmwu enf;wl edrw d ,f &l m\?
O*¾[edrw d uf m; rsupf jd zifh jrifaomtwkid ;f yif pufqyk zf ,
G f
aMumufrufzG,f tjcif;t&mtm;jzifh xif\? y#dbm*edrdwfrSm
pufqyk zf ,
G f aMumufrufz, G f r&S?d tvGeaf csmrGev
f yS pGm ESpof ufz, G f
jzpfí xif\/
0deDvu tokbur®|mef; yGg;rsm;tm;xkwfykH NyD;\/
----------------
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 79
(*) 0d y k A Á u tok b ur® | mef ; yG g ;rsm;tm;xk w f y k H
0d y k A Á u tok b --qdkonfum; ykyf&dNyD;í aoG;NyDwdkYjzifh
tuf u G J , d k u síaeaom vl a oaumif y k y f B uD ; ud k y if qd k o nf ?
þ0dykAÁu tokbudkvnf; ]]0dykAÁu-jynf,dkíaeaom olaumif}}
[k pdwfxJurSwfvsuf a&S;enf;wledrdwf,l&m\? O*¾[edrdwfum;
rsupf Ed iS hf jrifaomtwdik ;f pufqyk zf ,
G f aMumufrufz, G f tjcif;t&m
tm;jzifh xif\? y#dbmedrw d rf mS pufqyk zf ,
G çf aMumufrufz,G f r&S?d
tvGefacsmrGef vSypGm ESpfoufzG,fjzpfí xif\/
0dykAÁu tokbur®|mef; yGg;rsm;tm;xkwfykH NyD;\/
(C) 0d p ä d ' ´ u tok b ur® | mef ; yG g ;rsm;tm;xk w f y k H
0d p ä d ' ´ u tok b --qdkonfum; 2-ydkif;jywfaom vlao
aumifudk qdkonf? þ0dpäd'´u tokbudkvnf; 2-ydkif;jywfudk
vufwpfopfcefY uGmjcm;atmif yl;,SOfpyfqufí xm;NyD;vQif
0dpäd'´u-[k pdwfxJurSwfvsuf a&S;enf;wl edrdwf,l&m\? O*¾[
edrdwfum; rsufpdjzifhjrifaomtwdkif;yif pufqkyfzG,fç aMumuf
rufz, G f r&S?d tvGeaf csmrGef vSypGm ESpo
f ufz, G f wpfcw
k nf;jzpfí
xif\? tjypfr&Sd/
0dpäd'´u tokbur®|mef; yGg;rsm;tm;xkwfykH NyD;\/
(i) 0d u © m ,d w u tok b ur® | mef ; yG g ;rsm;tm;xk w f y k H
0du©m,dwu tokb--qdkonfum; usD;ç acG;ç vif;w
ponfwdkY xdk;qG udkufcJí pm;&m awGU&Sdaom vlaoaumifudk
qdo
k nf/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 80
þ0du©m,dwuudkvnf; 0du©m,dwu-[k pdwfxJu rSwf
vsuf a&S;enf;wl edrdwf,l&m\/
O*¾[edrdwfum; udkufcJqdwfukwf&mESifhwuG xif\?
y#dbm*edrdwfrSm udkufcJqdwfukwf&m r&Sd? ajyjypfacsmrGef vSypGm
ESpfoufzG,fjzpfí xif\/
0du©m,dwu tokbur®|mef; yGg;rsm;tm;xkwfykH NyD;\/
(p) 0d u © d w å u tok b ur® | mef ; yG g ;rsm;tm;xk w f y k H
0du©dwåu tokb--qdo k nfum; ajcwpfjcm;ç vufwpfjcm;
udk,fwpfjcm; acgif;wpfjcm; tm;jzifh wpfuGJpD wpfuGJpD ypfvGifhí
xm;tyfaom vlaoaumifudk qdkonf/
þ0du©dwåu udkvnf; wpfpyfwnf; pkyHk,SOfxm;í 0du©wå
u[k pdwx f u
J rSwv
f suf a&S;enf;wl edrwd ,f &l m\/ O*¾erd w d u
f m;
rsupf Ed iS hf jrifaomtwdik ;f yif xif\ y#dbm*edrw d rf mS tydik ;f tjywf
tuGrJ &Sd wpfv;kH wnf;? wpfqufwnf;? wpfcw k nf;? pyfvsuf tvGef
ESpfoufzG,fjzpfí xif\/
0du¨dwåu tokbur®|mef; yGg;rsm;tm;xkwfyHk NyD;\/
(q)[w0d u © d w å u tok b ur® | mef ; yG g ;rsm; tm;xk w f y H k
[w0d u © d w å u tok b --qdkonfum; ajc uuf udk,f
acgif; wpfjcm;pDjzpfvsuf "m;&mjcif; ½IyfatmifrTef;í wpfuGJpD
wpfuGJpD ypfvGifhí xm;tyfaom vlaoaumifudkyif qdkonf/
þ[w0du©wåu-onf 0du©dwåuESifhwl\/ "m;rGef;&mydkí
[w0du©dwåu[k pdwfxm;rI rSwfrI y#dbm*edwfrdwfü t&mtqm
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 81
ryg&SdrIrQom xl;awmh\/
[w0du©dwåu tokbur®|mef; yGg;rsm;tm;xkwfyHk NyD;\/
(Z) avm[d w u tok b ur® | mef ; yG g ;rsm;tm;xk w f y H k
avm[dwu tokb -qdo k nfum; xdrk S þrS aoG;,dxk u
G f
í udk,fü tESHYtjym; aoG;vdrfusHí aeaom vlaoaumifudk
qdok nf/
þavm[dwu-udkvnf; avm[dwu [k pdwfxJurSwf
vsuf a&S;enf;wl edwfrdwf,l&m\/ O*¾[edrdwfum; rsufpdESifhjrif
aomtwdkif;yif t&mtqmESifhwuG pufqkyfaMumufrufzG,f t
jcif;t&mtm;jzifh xif\/
y#dbm*edrw
d rf mS t&mtqm r&S?d pufqyk af Mumufrufz,
G f
r&Sd/ vSyacsmarmpGm trÁvmeD vTrf;NcHKíxm;bdouJhodkY tvGef
ESpfoufzG,f jzpfí xif\/
avm[dwu tokbur®|mef; yGg;rsm;tm;xkwfyHk NyD;\/
(ps) yk V K0u tok b ur® | mef ; yG g ;rsm;tm;xk w f y H k
ykVK0u tokb -qdonfum; ydk;avmufawG usdusdwuf
&G&Gwuf jynfhíaeaom olaumifykwfudk qdkonf/
þykVK0u-udv k nf; ykVK0u [k pdwx f u J rSwv f suf a&S;enf;
wl edrw
d ,
f &l m\/ O*¾[edwrf wd uf m; rsupf Ed iS hf jrifaomtwdik ;f yif
tvGefpufqkyfzG,fjzpfvsuf taumifykwfESifhwuG ydk;avmufawG
usdusdwuf oGm;vmvIyf&Sm;aeyHk tjcif;t&mtm;jzifh xif\/
y#dbm*edrdwfrSm pufqkyfzG,fr&Sd/ jzLpGmaom xrif;vHk; xrif;cJ
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 82
wdjYk zifh a&m>yrf;í aebdouJo
h Ykd yd;k avmufawG Nird o
f ufpmG wnfvsuf
ESpfoufzG,fjzpfí xif\/ ydk;avmufenf;rI rsm;rItm;avsmfpGm
xifrIudk rSwftyf\/
ykVK0u tokbur®|mef; yGg;rsm;tm;xkwfyHkNyD;\/
(n) t|d u tok b ur® | mef ; yG g ;rsm;tm;xk w f y H k
t|d u tok b-qdkonfum; vlaoaumif\ t½kd;udk
qdo
k nf/
þt½dk;onf -
1/ aMumquf rjyKwfao;? aoG;tom; tuwftowf
usef&Sdao;aom t½dk;?
2/ tom;r&Sd taoG;jzifhom vdrf;usHvsuf tqufrjyKwf
ao;aom t½dk;?
3/ taoG;tom;r&Sd tqufrjyKwfao;aom t½dk;?
4/ taMumqufwdkY jyKwfNyD;í wpfuGJwpfjcm;pD aeaom
t½dk;?
[lí 4-yg;&Sad om t½d;k wdw
Yk iG f &&mt½d;k udyk if Munf½h &I m\/
wuGJwjcm;pDaeaom t½dk;wdkYudkum; pkí&vQif aygif;,SOfxm;í
Munf&h m\/ &orQyif Munf&h m\/ wpfcw k nf; wpfacsmif;wnf;udk
yifvnf; Munf½h &I m\/ pufqyk zf ,
G af om t½d;k pk t½d;k pk[k pufqyk f
zG,ftaepdwfxm;í uodkPf;edrdwf ,lbdouJhodkY pdwfxJü pGJuyf
xifjrifí ygívmatmif Munfh½I&m\/ Munfh½Ií edrdwf,l&m\/
þt|duü - O*¾[edrdwfum; rsufpdjzifh jrifaomtwdkif;
yif pufqkyfzG,f tjcif;t&mtwdkif; xif\/ y#dbm*edrdwfrSm
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 83
ajyjypfacsmarmvSypGm ESpfoufzG,fjzpfí xif\/
t|du tokbur®|mef; yGg;rsm;tm;xkwfenf;NyD;\/
tok b ur® | mef ; ü rS w f z G , f
tokb 10-yg;wdkYwGif taumiftxnf rysufao;aom
tokbaumifukd Munfn½I&mü edrw d x f ifcgeD;tcgü vlaoaumif
BuD; vmbdouJhodkY xí rdrdxHudk vTrf;rdk;í vdkufvmbdouJhodkY
aMumuftm;BuD;ojzifh pdwfxJrSmxifvmwwf\/
xdktcg aMumufvefí ESvHk;aoG;rsm; ysufrwwf ½l;oGyf
wwfonf/ MuyfMuyfowdjyKtyf\/ t0dnmPujzpfaom opfyif
opfw;kH onf x rvdu k v
f mEdik b
f u d o
hJ Ykd touf0n d mPfuif; Ny;D aom
vlaoaumifonf tb,frSm x vdkufEdkifvdrfrnfenf;/
þuJhodkYxifrIonf armifrif;pdwf&ifhoefí edrdwf&cgeD;rdkY
xif jcif;omwnf;/ raMumufvifh[k rdrdudk,fudk rdrdqHk;rí
aMumufjcif; uif;apí ESpfouf0rf;ajrmufpGm Munfh½I&m\/
taumiftxnf ta&ygrpkwfao; rysufao;vQif zkwf0ifí
jzpfEdkifao;\? pkwfyswf cRwf,Gif;aevQif zkwf0ifí rjzpf/
tu,fízkw0f ifí xvmcJv h Qif awmifa0S;jzifh wGe;f xd;k í vStJ yf\/
y&dwf rEåefjzifh aomfvnf; vSJtyf\/ wpfa,mufwnf; tokb½I
oGm;aomolonf awmifa0S; y&dwf ponfhaumif;rGefpGm aqmif
tyf\/ owdaumif; aumif; xm;tyf\/
uod k P f ; tm½k H wd k Y o nf u m; - vSrI ESpfoufzG,frI
twGufESifh pdwfwG,fzdkY tm½HkwdkYwnf;/ þtokb tm½kHwdkYum;
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 84
aMumufrI &THUrI twGufESifh pdwfwG,fzdkY tm½HkwdkYwnf;/ t&yfxJü
wapä romudk tvGefaMumufwwf &THUwwfaom tcsdKUaom olwdkY
tm; rvTo J mí romavmif;rsm;udk udik &f vQif romavmif;aumif
Bu;D pdwxf üJ pGu
J yfxifjrifí ygíae\/ ntdyv f Qif apmifütdyv f Qif
romaumifBuD; eHab;u ajr§mifvsuf yufvuftdyfvQif rom
aumifBu;D tay:u rd;k vsuo f m aeawmh\/ tdyí f rjzpf vltrsm;
0dkif;zufíxm;rS taMumufoufom&m&í tdyfaysmf awmh\/
þvdkxifrIrSm O'¨Krmwu tokb O*¾[edrdwf xifrI[k rSwf/
tokH;rcswwfíaMumufrufzG,f ab;'ku©BuD; jzpfonf/ tokH;cs
wwfaom a,m*Dy*k Kd¾ vrf mS um; þ uJo h x
Ykd ifvQif ywåjrm; wH;k Bu;D udk
&bdouJhodkY tvGefESpfoufzG,f csrf;omokcBuD;jzpf\/ þuJhodkY
xifjrifrSom O*¾[edrdwf xifonf [k rSwf&rnf/ romavmif;
aumifxm;wJh &SdwJhae&mrSm pdwfxJuvSrf;í odonfudkvnf;
O*¾[edrdwfxifonf[k rrSwfMuESifh/
þuJhodkY odonfudk jrifonf[k rSwf-rSwfaewwfonf/
(t|du t½dk;pkudk ½IaewJholawG rxifjrifyJESifh odonffukd
xifjrifonf[k q&mawmfxo H Ykd avQmufvmMuawG vla&m &[ef;
a&m tyHkBuD;rsm;NyD/)
(u) xdo
k Ykd avQmufvmaomtcg wu,ftrSejf rifvQif
udk,fhtdyf&mem;udk wdkwdkxGmxGm wdkvDrdkvDawGudk
vSrf;íMunfprf; jrif&JUvm;[kar;&m jrif\[k
avQmuf\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 85
(c) udk,fMunfh½Ií xm;cJhaom pmtkyf pmvHk; rsufESm
eHygwfukd aumonfu vSr;f íMunfprf; jrif&UJ vm;
[k ar;&m jrif\[kavQmuf\/
(*) wu,ftrSef jrifvQif zwfprf;cdkif;&m rzwfEdkifzl;
[k avQmuf\/
(C) xdek nf;wl vkyt f m;udk arSmufapí vuf0g;udk Munfh
prf; jrif&JU[k ar;&m jrif\[kavQuf\/
(i) wu,ftrSejf rifvQif vu©PmaMumif;udk a&wGuf
í jyprf; b,fESpfck&Sdoenf;[k ar;vQif rjywwf
zl;[k avQmuf\/ oifwdkYjrifw,fqdkwm jrifwm
r[kwfao;zl; odomonf[k odrI jrifrIwdkYudk
uGJatmifcGJí ay;&zl;vSavNyD/
þtokbedrw d uf aMumufrI &GUH rIxif\/ MuyfMuyfaMumuf
wwf &GHUwwfvQif MuyfMuyfxifvG,f\/ raMumufwwf r&GHUwwf
aom p@mv okb&mZmwdkYrSmum; rxifawmhNyD/
xdaYk Mumifh edrw
d ,f al om yk*Kd¾ vo f nf ocsKØ i;f apmifçh p@mvç
tokb&mZmwdv Yk kd vufEiS rhf udik t f yf tuRr;f r0iftyf? ae&ma&TUvdk
aygif;pkvdkvQif olwpfyg;udk cdkif;tyf\? cdkif;p&mvlr&SdvQif
awmifa0S;jzifh aumf,lí a&TUtyf aygif;pktyf\/
þtok b 10-yg;wd k Y o nf vl a oaumif r S r[k w f ?
wd&pämefaoaumif tokbwdu Yk v kd nf; Munf½h í
I edrw d pf smef &Edik \
f /
ykvk0urSm ydk;avmufcsnf;oufouf pka0;í aeonfudk
vnf; Munfh½Ií edrdwfpsmef&Edkif\/ uk#DwGif;ç tdrfomwGif;ç rpifykH
ponfwrYkd mS vnf; yd;k avmuftpk ykv0k u tokbMunf½h í I &Edik \ f /
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 86
1/ taoaumif r S r[k w f ? t&S i f a umif r S v nf ;
a&mifazmí aeaomtcg O'¨Krmwuç
2/ temrsm;pGm aygufí aoG;jynf,dkí vl;vJí
aeaomtcg 0dykAÁuç
3/ ajcvufjywfaomtcg 0dpäd'´uç
4/ "m;jzwfjcif; ponfaMumifh aoG;rsm;pGm ,dkxGuf
vl;vJí aeaomtcg avm[dwuç
5/ tcgcyfodrf; t|du tokbwdkYudk &Edkif\/
þtokb 10-yg;wdw Yk iG f MuyfMuyf aMumufrufz, G af umif;
aom tokbudk edrdwf,lí &vG,f\/ t|durSmvnf; jyifzuf
t|duudk edrw d , f í
l &vG,\ f / rdru d ,kd wf iG ;f t|duudu k m; &cJ\/
rdru
d ,
kd w
f iG ;f t|duudk &atmif,El ikd rf u l m; tvGeaf umif;\/ psmefç
r*f 2-yg;vkH; tvG,fESifh &Edkifawmh\/
tokb 10-yg;wdu Yk kd tokbtaeESihf xifatmif pufqyk f
zG,f[k ESvkH;oGif;í pdwfxm;í ½I,lí yxrpsmefudk &NyD;aom
a,m*Dy*k Kd¾ vw f oYkd nf txuf'w k , d psmef ponfwu Ykd kd wufvakd om
tcg xdkrdrd&aom tokbedrdwfü ]]tndKç t0gç teDç tjzL
tqif;wpfckck &&SdvwåHU/ xdktqif;wdkYudk tndK-tndK [kç t0g-
t0g[kç tjzL-tjzL}}[k ESvkH;oGif;í 0PÖuodkPf;jzpfatmif ½Ií
wuf&m\/
tokbtcgrSm edrw d u f Bkd u;D atmif tyGg;tyf? uodP k ;f jzpf
aom tcgusvQifum; edrdwfudkvnf; BuD;atmifyGg;tyf\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 87
tokb½I&mü-
1/ a&;om;jyqdkcJhNyD;aom enf;vrf;twdkif; edrdwf&
atmif psmefay:atmif ½IrI[laom orx½Ienf;wpfrsKd;?
2/ xdktokb0w¬KwdkYudk awGUjrifaomtcg edrdwf&
atmif uodP k ;f Munfh rMunfyh J þolonf rNryJ gyJuvm;? þuJo h Ykd
jzpfí oGm;yguvm;? igonfvnf; þoluo hJ yYkd if rNrNJ y?D ao&vwåUH ?
þuJhodkYjzpfvwåHU[k tedpö½IrI/
þolonf þuJhodkY rwifhrw,f pufqkyfzG,fyguvm;?
raumif;zG,fyguvm;? igonfvnf; þoluJhodkYyif rwifhrw,f
pufqkyfzG,fwnf;? raumif;zG,fwnf;[k 'ku©½IrI/
þolonf bmrS rvIyf&Sm;wwf toufr&Sd? jrufrIduf
xif;acsmif;wdEYk iS o
fh m wpfxyfwnf;wlaom tjzpfoYkd a&mufvwåUH ?
,ckvnf; wlonfyifwnf;[k tewå½IrI [laom 0dyóem½Ienf;
wpfrsKd;tm;jzifh 2-rsKd; 2-pm; 2-yg;&Sd\/ xdkwGif-
orxenf; ½IaomolrSm--a,musfm;tm; rdef;rtokb?
rdef;rtm; a,musfm;tokb[laom 0dobm* tokbtm½kHonf
vnf;aumif;? t*FgBuD;i,f toGifoP²mef rysufpD;ao;aom
tokbtm½ko H nfvnf;aumif; ravsmufywf? r½Ityf? wyfrufjcif;
&m*jzpfí vmwwf\/ edrdwfr&cifvnf; jzpfvmwwf\/ edrdwf&
NyD;í tu,fí O*¾[edrdwfü rjzpfvmaomfvnf; y#dbm*edrdwf
usvQif &m*jzpfay:vmwwf\/
0d y óemenf ; ½I a omol r S m um;- um;-0d o bm*tok b
tm½ko H nf txl;omvGeí f avQmufywf\/ 0dobm* tokbudyk if
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 88
wrif&Smí ½Ityf\/ ½I&m\? xdkYaMumifhyifvQif-
bk&m;&Sio f nf &m*p½du
k f vGepf mG tm;Bu;D ojzifh 0dyóem enf;
tokb½Iaom ukvr’ ax&ftm; rmwk*gr rde;f rtao aumifuykd if
wrifzefqif;í ay;awmfrlonf/
¤if;jyif jynfhwefqmr oD&drmudk cspfBudKufí rpm;Edkif
raomufEdkif wawGawG BuKHrIdifíaeaom &[ef;uav;udkvnf;
xdk oD&drm\ tavmif;tokbudkyif jyí r*fç zdkvfw&m;xl;udk
&apawmfrlonf/
tokbur®|mef;ü rSwfzG,fNyD;\/
6 tEk ó wd u r® | mef ; ud k j yqd k c ef ;
(u) Ak ' ¨ g Ek ó wd ur® | mef ; yG m ;rsm;tm;xk w f y k H
tEkówd 10-yg;wdkYwGif-
Ak'g¨ Ekówd[o l nfum;-bk&m;&Si\
f *kPaf us;Zl;wduYk kd tzef
wvJvJ atmufarhaom owdudk qdkonf/
Ak'g¨ Ekówdukd yGm;rsm;tm;xkwvf akd om a,m*Dy*k Kd¾ vof nf
bk&m;&Sif\ *kPfawmfwdkYudk tusOf;enf;ç tus,fenf; rdrd\
o'¨gtm;ç ynmtm;ç ÓPftm;avsmpf mG EIw0f ,ft& usuaf qmif
rSwfom; jyD;cg yGm;rsm;NyD; tm;xkwf&rnf/
tusOf ; yG m ;rsm;yk H
£wdyd aom b*0g t&[Hç or®morÁKa'¨gç 0dZÆmp&P
orÜaEémç ok*awmç avmu0d'lç tEkwåa&m yk&do'r®om&xdç
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 89
ow¬ma'0rEkómeHç Aka'¨gç b*0g/
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4/ typm,e-touf o d u © m BuD ; aomol w d k Y ü t½d k
taojyKjcif;ç
5/ a0,m0pö-olwyg;wd\Yk trIBu;D i,fwu
Ykd kd o'´gBunfjzL
½Gufaqmifjcif;ç
6/ ywåd 'ge-rdrd\ ukodkvftzkdYudk olwpfyg;wdkYtm;
trQay;a0jcif;ç
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 113
7/ ywåmEkarm'e-olwyg;wdkYay;a0aomukodkvftzkdYudk
0rf;ajrmuf0rf;om om"kac:jcif;ç
8/ "r®ó0e-olwyg;wdkY\w&m;udkMum;emjcif;ç
9/ "r®a'oem-rdro d o
d rQaom w&m;pum;wdu Yk kd olwyg;
wkdYtm; oifMum;a[majymjcif;ç
10/ 'd|Zd u k r®-uHçuH\tusKd ;udk ,HMk unfí ajzmifrh wS af om
t,ludk,ljcif;ç
(þum; yknud&d,m0w¬K 10-yg;wnf;/)
'kp½dkuf 10-wef tuif;oefojzifh cufxef½dkif;pdkif;íae
aom oludk 'kp½dkuf 10-yg;\tjypfç okp½dkuf 10-yg;\tusdK;udk
jyojzifh qHk;rawmfrlay\/
'k p ½d k u f 10-yg; [l o nf u m;
1/ ygPmwdygw-olY-toufudk owfjcif;ç
2/ t'dEém'ge-olY Opömudk cdk;,ljcif;ç
3/ umarok rdpämpm& olUtdrf&mudk usL;vGefjcif;ç
(þum; tukodkvf um,uH 3-yg;wnf;/)
1/ rkom0g'-r[kwfrrSefpum;ajymjcif;ç
2/ ydokP0gpm-ukef;wkduf pum;ajymjcif;ç
3/ z½ko0gpm-tMurf;twrf;qJa&jcif;
4/ oræyÜvmy- teufrJhíjydefzsif;aompum;udkqdkjcif;ç
(þum; tukodkvf 0pDuH 4-yg;wnf;/)
1/ tbdZÑm-olUykid ef uf Opömudk igh[mjzpfvQiaf umif;avpG
[kBuHq awmifhwjcif;ç
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 114
2/ Asmyg'-olwpfyg;\ toufcE¨m aoaMuysufpD;rIudk
awmifhwjcif;ç
3/ rdpäm'd|d-t,lrSm;jcif;ç
(þum; tukodkvfraemuH 3-yg;wñf;/)
'kp½ku
d 1f 0-yg;jy;D \/
ok p ½d k u f 10-yg; [l o nf u m;
1/ ygPmwdygwm? olUtoufudk owfjcif;rS/ a0&rPD?
a½SmifMuOfjcif;/
2/ t'dEém'gem? olUOpömudkcdk;,ljcif;rS/ a0&rPD? a&Smif
MuOfjcif;/
3/ umarokrdpämpm&m? olUtdrf&mudk usL;vGefjcif;rS?
a0&mrPd? a½SmifMuOfjcif;/
(þum; ukodkvfum,uH 3-yg;wnf;/ )
1/ rkom0g'g? r[kwf rrSepf um; / ajymqdjk cif;rS? a0&rPd?
a½SmifMuOfjcif;/
2/ ydoP k 0gpm,? uke;f wdu k pf um;ajymqdjk cif;rS? a0&rPd?
a½SmifMuOfjcif;/
3/ z½ko0gpm,? tMurf;twrf; qJa&;jcif;rS? a0&rPd?
a½SmifMuOfjcif;/
4/ oræyv Ü myg? teufrí hJ Nyed zf si;f aompum;udk qdjk cif;rS?
a0&rPd? a½SmifMuOfjcif;/
(þum; ukodkvf 0pDuH 4-yg;wnf;/)
1/ tebdZÑm-olUydik ef ufukd ud, k bhf uf rñGwaf pbJ pdwEf vS ;Hk
MunfjzLjcif;/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 115
2/ tAsmyg'-owå0gwpfyg;\ toufcE¨mudk csrf;om
MuD;yGm;apvdkjcif;/
3/ or®m'd|d-ajzmifhrSefaom t,ludk ,ljcif;/
(þum; ukodkvf raemuH 3-yg;wnf;/)
okp½dkuf 10-yg; jyD;\/
ed0&P 6-wef tuif;oefojzifh cufxef½kdif;pkdif;aom
olukduokdPf;psmef 10-yg;ç tokb 10-yg;ç tEkówd 10-yg;ç
jA[®0d[m&psmef 4-yg;ç tm½kyÜpsmef 4-yg;ç y#dulvonmpsmef 4-
yg;ç "mwkreodum&psmef 1-yg;ç þ 40-aom Oypm&psmefç
tyÜemur®|mef;wkdYukdjyí qkH;rawmfrlay\/
uok d P f ; psmef 10-yg;[l o nf u m;
1/ ajrtcef;ü pD;jzef;í&aom yx0DuokdPf;psmef 1-
yg;
2/ a&tcef;ü pD;jzef;í &aomtmayguokdPf;psmef 1-
yg;
3/ avtcef;ü pD;jzef;í&aom 0ga,muodkPf;psmef 1-
yg;
4/ rD;tcef;ü pD;jzef;í&aom awaZmuokdPf;psmef 1-
yg;
5/ tvGerf eJ uf pdr;f ndKaom t0wfrsK;d txnfrsK;d yef;rsK;d
aq;rsKd;wkdYü pD;jzef;í&aom eDvuokdPf;psmef 1-yg;?
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 116
6/ tvGef0gaomt0wfrsKd;txnfrsKd;yef;rsKd;aq;'ef;
paom aq;rsK;d wdüYk pD;jzef;í&aom yDwuodP k ;f psmef
1-yg;ç
7/ tvGefeDaomt0wfrsKd; txnfrsKd; aq;rsKd;wkdYü
pD;jzef;í&aom avm[dwuodkPf; paompsmef 1-
yg;ç
8/ tvGejf zLaomt0wfrsK;d txnfrsK;d yef;rsK;d aq;rsK;d wküYd
pD;jzef;í&aom Mo0g'uokdPf; psmef;1-yg;/
9/ ta&miftvif;wkdYü pD;jzef;í&aom tmavmu
uodP k ;f psmef1-yg;ç
10/ tay:aumif ; uif ü pD ; jzef ; í&aom tmumo
uodkPf;psmef 1-yg;ç
(þum; uodkPf;psmef10-yg;wnf;/)
------------
tok b psmef 10-yg;[l o nf u m;
1/ zl;zl;a&mifaom olaumifykyfü pD;jzef;ü&aom O'¨K
rmwu psmef 1-yg;ç
2/ ykyíf ñdrk aJ om olaumifyyk üf pD;jzef;í&aom 0dev
D u
psmef 1-yg;ç
3/ tykyfvGefaomtykyf&nfjynftpkü pD;jzef;í&aom
0dykAÁupsmef 1-yg;ç
4/ tv,füjywfí ESpfykdif;jywfaeaom olaumifü
pD;jzef;í&aom 0dpäd'´upsmef 1-yg;ç
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 117
5/ awmacG;ç ½GmacG; pm;íusefaom olaumifü pD;jzef;
í&aom0du©m,dwupsmef 1-yg;
6/ awmacG;ç ½GmacG; udu k q f í
JG xdx
k t
kd &yfwiG f tydik ;f ydik ;f
ESihf aeaomolaumifüpD;jzef;í&aom 0duw d© uå psmef
1-yg;ç
7/ "m; vufeufwYdkjzifh jzwfvsuf z½dkz&Jjzpfí xm;tyf
aom olaumifüpD;jzef;í&aom [w0duw d© u å psmef
1-yg;ç
8/ vufeufxd&mrS aoG;,dkaom olaumifü pD;jzef;í
&aomavm[dwu psmef 1-yg;ç
9/ yd;k avmufwjYdk zifh jyñfah om olaumifü pD;jzef;í&aom
ykVK0u psmef 1-yg;ç
10/ t½dk;pkrQomjzpfaom olaumifü pD;jzef;í&aom
t|dupsmef 1-yg;ç
(þum; tokb psmef 10-yg;wnf;/)
-----------
tEk ó wd p smef 10-yg;[l o nf u m;
1/ bk&m;*kPu f kd pGpJ jJG rNJ rJ atmufarhí&aom Ak'g¨ Ekówd
psmef 1-yg;ç
2/ w&m;*kPu f kd pJpG NJG rNJ rJ atmufarhí&aom "r®mEkówd
psmef 1-yg;ç
3/ oHCmh*kPfudk pGJpGJNrJNrJ atmufarhí&aom oHCm
Ekówd psmef 1-yg;ç
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 118
4/ pifMu,fpGm apmifhxdef;í &tyfNyD;aom oDv*kPfudk
atmufarhí&aom oDvmEkówdpsmef 1-yg;ç
5/ pifMu,fpGm jyKNyD;aom rdrd'ge\ *kPfudk pGJpGJNrJNrJ
atmufarhí&aom pm*gEkówdpsmef?
6/ ewfjynfodkY wifydkYaqmifwwfaom rdrdoEÅmefü
jzpfaom o'¨gç oDvç [d&Dç MowåyÜ paom olawmf
aumif; w&m;pkudk pGJpGJNrJNrJ atmufarhí &aom
a'0wmEkówd psmef 1-yg;ç
7/ rdrod EÅmefü udad vom\ Nird ;f rIukd pGpJ NJG rNJ rJ atmufarhí
&aom OyormEkówd psmef 1-yg;ç
8/ rdrdao&rnfudk pGJpGJNrJNrJ atmufharhí r&PmEkówd
psmef 1-yg;ç
9/ rdro d EÅmefü qHyif paom 32-yg;aom tyket f pkwu
Ykd kd
pGJpGJNrJNrJ atmufarh&aom um,*wmowdpsmef 1-
yg;ç
10/ rdr\ d xGuo f uf 0ifouf pGpJ NJG rNJ rJ atmufarhí&aom
tmemygeówd psmef 1-yg;ç
(þum; tEkówdpsmef 10-yg;wnf;/)
----------
jA[® 0 d [ m&psmef 4-yg;[l o nf u m;
1/ cyford ;f aom owå0gwdUk udYk arwåmjzeYjf zL;í &aom
arwåmpsmef 1-yg;ç
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 119
2/ qif;&Jaom owå0gwkdYudk u½kPmjzefYjzL;í&aom
u½kPmpsmef 1-yg;ç
3/ csr;f omaom owå0gwdu Yk kd rk'w
d mjzeYjf zL;í &aom
rk'dwmpsmef 1-yg;ç /
4/ cyford ;f aom owå0gwdu Yk Okd ayu©mjzefjY zL;í&aom
Oayu©mpsef 1-yg;ç
(þum; jA[®0d[m&psmef 4-yg;wnf;/)
---------
tm½k y Ü p smef 4 -yg;[l o nf u m;
1/ tmumomeOöm,we psmef 1-yg;ç
2/ 0dnmPÍöm,we psmef 1-yg;ç
3/ tmudOÆmnm,we psmef 1-yg;ç
4/ ae0onm,we psmef 1-yg;ç
(þum; tm½kyÜpsmef 4-yg;wnf;/)
---------
y#d u l v onmpsmef 1-yg;[l o nf u m;
aeYwikd ;f aeYwikd ;f pm;aomxrif; tpmtm[m&wdüYk pufqyk f
½GHU½SmzG,f[k tNrJ½Ií&aom Oypm&psmefonf y#dulvonm
psmefrnf\/
"mwk r eod u m&psmef 1-yg;[l o nf u m;
rdrdudk,faumif jzpfíaeaom ajr"mwftpkç a&"mwftpkç
rD;"mwftpkç av"mwftpkwYdkü ½SKí&aom Oypm&psmefonf
"mwkreodum&psmefrnf\/
ur®|mef; 40-NyD;\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 120
cE¨mw&m; ½kyfemrfw&m;wdkYudkyif yk*¾dKvfçowå0gç igç
olwpfyg;ç a,musmf ;ç rde;f r[k txif arSmufrmS ;í aeMuukeaf om
owå taygif;wdkYudk xdktxifrS pifMu,f uif;vGwfapjcif;iSg
½kyfw&m;tpk emrfw&m;tpkwdkYudk jyojzifhqkH;rawmfrlay\/
½k y f w &m; emrf w &m;wd k Y o nf taMumif ; r½S d rd r d t vd k
tavQmuf jzpfMuukefonf[lí txifarSmufrSm;íaeMuaom
owå0gwdo Yk nf xdt k xifrpS ifMu,f uif;vGwaf pjcif;iSm y#dpo ö rkygÜ 'f
taMumif;w&m;ç y|mef;taMumif;w&m;wdkYukd jyojzifh qkH;r
awmfrlay\/
rdrod EÅmefü½Sad om pu©Kç aomwç zóç a0'em-tp½Sad om
xdk½kyfw&m;ç emrfw&m;udkyif rdrdtydkif Opöm[k wPSmpGJvrf;í
aeaom owå0gtaygif;wdkYudk xdk]wPSm}w&m; csKyfapjcif;iSm
'ku©vu©Pmudk jyojzifh qkH;rawmfrlay\/
rdrod EÅmefü½Sad om pu©Kç aomwç zóç a0'em-tp½Sad om
xdk½kyfw&m;ç emrfw&m;udkyif igig-[k rmefjzifhpGJvrf;íaeaom
owå0gtaygif;wdu Yk kd xd]k rme} w&m; csKyaf pjcif;iSm tedpv ö u©Pmudk
jyojzifh qkH;rawmfrl\/
rdrod EÅmefü½Sad om pu©Kç aomwç zóç a0'em-tp½Sad om
xd½k yk w
f &m;ç emrfw&m;udyk if ig\ud, k f ig\uk, d -f [k'|d jd zifh pGv
J rf;í
aeaom owå0gtaygif;wdkYudk xdk]'d|d}w&m; csKyfapjcif;iSm tewå
vu©Pmudk jyojzifh qkH;rawmfrl\/
þodkYvQif qkH;rxdkufaom owå0gtaygif;wdkYudk qkH;rMu
aomoltaygif;wdx Yk uf twkr½Sd jrwfawmfro l nf\ tjzpfaMumifh
tEkwåa&myk&do'r®om&xd? tEkwåa&myk&do'r®om&xd [laom
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 121
trnfemr 0daooudk &awmfrlay\tEkwåa&myk&do'r®om&xd
cyfodrf;aomowå0gtaygif;wdkYudk qkH;rwwfaom olwdkYxuf
twkr½Sd jrwfawmfrlaom jrwfpGmbk&m;/
7/ £wd y d aomb*0g ow¬ m a'0rEk ó meH
teuf/ / ar? tuREfkyf\/ ow¬m? q&mocifaus;Zl;½Sif
jzpfawmfrlayaom/ a,m b*0g? tMuifjrwfpGmbk&m;onf/
pd&umvH? 4-oacsFESifh urÇm 1-odef; umvywfvkH;/ yg&rda,m?
yg&rDwdkYudk/ yla&wGm? jznfhawnfrlNyd;í/ Ak'¨bm0H? oAÁñkbk&m;
tjzpfodkY? yawåm? a&mufawmfrlay\/
ar? tuREkfyf\/ ow¬m? q&mocif aus;Zl;½Sif jzpf
awmfrlayaom/ aom b*0g? xdkjrwfpGmbk&m;onf/ £wdyd?
þodkYvQif y#dpöorkyÜg'f puf&[wf wnf;[laom ab;rsdK;aomif;
usef; vrf;rSm; vrf;qdk;rSowå0g taygif;wdkYudk xkwfaqmifawmf
rlNyD;vQif edAÁmefwnf;[laom ab;rsdK;uif;uGm csrf;om&modkY
ydkYaqmifu,f wifawmfrlay/
tvGefvdr®mvSpGmaom vSnf;rSL;BuD;ozG,f jzpfygay\/
y#d p ö o rk y Ü g 'f puf & [wf [ l o nf u m;
1/ vlewfjA[®m cE¨mig;yg;wdkYü ½Sdaom tedpöab;ç 'ku©
ab;ç tewåab;wdkYudk zkH;0SufuG,fumíaeaom
t0dZÆmwnf;[laom tarSmif"mwfMuD;wpfckonf
owå0gwdkY\pdwfxJü tNrJudef;0yfí ae\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 122
2/ xdkt0dZÆm ½Sdaejcif;aMumifh ypöKyÜefcE¨mudk om,m
arSmufrmS ;onft h wGuf olt
Y oufukd owfjcif; olOY pöm
udk cdk;,ljcif;paom tukokdvfraumif;rIwdkYudk jyKMu
ukef\? aemufb0cE¨mudk arSmufrSm;onfh twGuf
'getrsKd;rsKd;ç oDvtrsKd;rsKd;ç arwåmpaom bm0em
trsKd;rsKd;[laom ukokdvfaumif;rIwdkYudk jyKMuukef\?
xdkaumif;rIç raumif;rI 2-yg; onfocFg& rnf\/
3/ aumif;rIç raumif;rIukd jyKMuonft h wGuf aoonfrS
aemufumv b0wpfyg;wGif 0dnmOf[laom pdwf
wpfckonf jzpfay:av\
4/ 0dnmOf [laom pdwf jzpfay:vQif xd0k n d mOf\ wnfae
&m ½kyfcE¨mtdrfESifh 0dnmOf\ tudkif; tcufjzpfukef
aom zó a0'em-tp&Sdaom emrfcE¨mwdkYonf
wpfjydKifeuf jzpfay:ukef\/
5/ ½kyfcE¨mç emrfcE¨m 2-yg; jzpfay:vQif pu©Kç aomwç
Cmeç Zd0Sgç um,ç raem-[laom 'Gg& 6-yg;? wHcg;
6-yg;wdkYonf jzpfay:ukef\/
6/ 'Gg& 6-yg; jzpfay:vQif xdk'Gg& 6-yg;wGif cdkufvm
qdkufvmaomtm½kH 6-yg;wdkYudk pdwf\ awGUjcif;
[laom zó 6-yg;wdkYonf jzpfay:ukef\/
7/ zó 6-yg; jzpfay:vQif xdktm½kH 6-yg;udk cHpm;rI
pHpm;rI[laom a0'em 6-yg;wdkYonf jzpfay:ukef
av\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 123
8/ a0'em 6-yg;jzpfay:vQif cHpm; pHpm;zkYd tm½kH 6-yg;udk
om,mwG,fwmaom wPSm 6-yg;wdkYonf jzpfay:
uke\f /
9/ wPSm 6-yg;jzpfay:vQif tjyif;txefpJGvef;aom
Oyg'gefw&m; 4-yg;wdkYonf jzpfay:ukef\/
10/ Oyg'gef w&m;pGv J ef;rIaMumifh um,uHç 0pDuçH raemuH
[laom ukov kd u f H 3--yg;ç tukovkd u
f H 3-yg;wdo
Yk nf
jzpfay:vmukef\/
11/ ukodkvfuHç tukodkvfuH jzpfay:vQif aemufwzef
b0topf jzpfay:jyef\/
12/ b0opf jzpfay:jyefvQif tdkjcif;ç aojcif; ab;MuD;
2-yg;wdkYonf tNrJjzpfay:vmukef\/
þum; terw*¾oo H &mü tpOfwpdu k f jzpfygG ;íaeaom
y#dpoö rkygÜ 'f &[wfpufcsm; vrf;rSm;vrf;qd;k taMumif;Bu;D aywnf;/
edAÁmefwnf;[laom ab;rsdK;uif;uGm csrf;om&m [lonf
um;-
1/ tMuiftcg aumif;pGmtm;xkwfojzifhvlç ewfç jA[®m
þcE¨mwdkYü tedpöab;udk jrifEdkifaom 0dZÆmÓPfç 'ku©ab;udk
jrifEdkifaom 0dZÆmÓPfç tewåab;udkjrifEdkifaom 0dZÆmÓPf?
þ0dZÆmÓPf 3-yg;onf pdwftpOfrSmjzpfay:vm\? xdktcg
owå0gwdkY\oEÅmefü t0dZÆm[laom tarSmif"gwfBuD;onf uG,f
aysmuf csKyfjidrf;av\? þt0dZÆmcsKyfNidrf;rIonf ]]ab;rsdK;uif;uGm
csrf;om&m}} [laom edAÁmefBuD; wpfckaywnf;/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 124
2/ t0dZmÆ csKyNf ird ;f vQif aumif;rIç raumif;rIwo
Ykd nfvnf;
tukefcsKyfNidrf;ukef\? ukodkvfaumif;rIwdkY\ csKyfNidrf;rIç tukodkvf
raumif;rIwdkY\ csKyfNidrf;rIonfvnf; edAÁmefBuD;wpfckaywnf;/
3/ þtwl 0dnmOfcsKyfNidrf;rIonfvnf; edAÁmefwpfck/
4/ emrf½kyfwkYd\ csKyfNidrf;rIonfvnf; edAÁmefwpfck/
5/ 'Gg& 6-yg;wkdY\ csKyfNidrf;rIonfvnf; edAÁmefwpfck/
6/ zó6-yg;wdkY\ csKyfNidrf;rIonfvnf; edAÁmefwpfck/
7/ a0'em6-yg;wdkY\ csKyfNidrf;rIonfvnf; edAÁmefwpfck/
8/ wPSm 6-yg;wkdY\ csKyfNidrf;rIonfvnf; edAÁmefwpfck/
9/ Oyg'gef 4-yg;wdkY\ csKyfNidrf;rIonfvnf; edAÁmefwpfck/
10/ ukodkvfuHç tukodkvfuHç 2-yg;wdkY\ csKyfNidrf;rIonf
vnf; edAÁmefwpfck/
11/ y#doaE¨aejcif;\ csKyfNidrf;rIonfvnf; edAÁmefwpfck/
12/ tdkjcif;ç aojcif; ab;BuD; 2-yg;wdkY\ csKyfNidrf;rIonf
vnf; edAÁmefwpfck/ edAÁmeftjym; 12-yg;jzpf\/
pum;tpOftm;jzifh 12-yg;jym;onf? w&m;udk,f tm;jzifh
rlum; t0dZmÆ csKyNf ird ;f rIEiS w
hf pfcw
k nf; wpfcsuw
f nf;omvQiw f nf;/
(þum; tedpöÓPfç 'ku©ÓPfç tewåÓPf-tjrifoef
aom 0dZÆmÓPf 3-yg;udk&aomtcg t0dZÆm[laom oHo&mvrf;
pjywfí y#dpöorkyÜg'fwdkY\ csKyfNidrf;&medAÁmefwnf;[laom ab;rsKd;
uif;pGm csrf;omtwdodkY aygufa&mufwnf;/)
þodkY owå0gwdkYudk oHo&mvrf; c&D;Murf;rS u,fxkwfí
edAmÁ efwnf;[laom ab;uif;&mXmeokYkd ydaYk qmif u,fawmfral yí
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 125
vdr®mvSaom vSnf;rSL;BuD;ozG,f jzpfayaomaMumifh ow¬m
a'0rEkóme-[laomtrnfemr 0daooudk &awmfrlay\/
a'0rEkómeH? ewfvltaygif;wdkY\/ ow¬m? q&mocif
aus;Zl;&SifBuD; jzpfawmfrlayaom jrwfpGmbk&m;/
8/ £wdyd aom b*00g Aka'¨g
teu
teuf/ / ar? tuREkfyf\/ ow¬m? q&mocif aus;Zl;&Sif
jzpfawmfrlayaom/ a,m b*0g? tMuifjrwfpGm bk&m;onf/
pd&umvH? 4-oacsESifh urÇm 1-odef; umvywfvHk;/ yg&rda,m?
yg&rDwdkYudk/ yla&wGm? jznfhawmfrlNyD;í/ Ak'¨bm0H? oAÁñkw
bk&m;tjzpfodkY/ yawåm? a&mufawmfrlay\/
ar? tuREkfyf\/ ow¬m? q&mocif aus;Zl;½Sif jzpfawmf
rlayaom / aom b*0g= xkjd rwfpmG bk&m;onf/ £wdy?d þokv Yd Qif
uk,d af wmfjrwfvnf; opöm 4-yg; w&m;wku Yd dk odawmfral y\ç owå0g
taygif;wkdYtm;vnf; 37-yg;aom aAm"dyu©d,w&m;wkdYukd yGm;
rsm;apawmfrlojzifh opöm 4-yg;w&m;wkdYukd odapawmfrlay\/
37-yg;aom aAm"d y u© d , w&m;[l o nf u m;-
owd y |mef 4-yg;
1/ rdrud ,dk t
f pkü jzpfrI ysurf u
I dk ½Iaom um,Ekyóem
owdy|mef/
2/ rdrda0'emtpkü jzpfrI ysufrIukd ½Iaom a0'emEk
yóem owdy|mef/
3/ rdrdpdwftpkü jzpfrI ysufrIukd ½Iaom pdwåmEkyóem
owdyd |mef/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 126
4/ rdrd avmbpaom w&m;pkwüYdk jzpfrI ysurf u
I dk ½Iaom
"r®mEkyóem owdy|mef/
(þum; owdy|mef 4-yg;wnf;)
or® y Ü " mef 4-yg;
1/ rdrdwkdYoEÅmefrSm ur®yxajrmufcJhbl;í tyg,fokdY
ypf c sjcif ; iS m b0tquf q uf tpOf y g½S d í aeaom 'k p ½k d u f
tukokdvfuHa[mif;pkukd t<uif;rJh y,fjcif;iSmvnf;aumif;/
2/ þb0rS aemuf terw*¾oHo&mü 'kp½kdufwkdYukd
rdrdoEÅmefrSm wzef rjzpfvmapjcif;iSmvnf;aumif; raerem;
tm;xkwf&maom0D&d, 2-yg;/
3/ aomwmyefjzpf&ef tcGifhukd&nfí 'kp½kdufa[mif;ç
'kp½kdufopfukdqkdonf? ,ck&½Sdíaeaom tmZD0|rupaom
ukov dk uf aH [mif;wku
Yd dk y&deAd mÁ efp&H m o0qku
d af tmif b,ftcgrSmrS
ysufuGuf azmufjym;jcif;r½Sd ed,mrtjzpfokdY a&mufNyD;jzpfapjcif;
iSmvnf;aumif;ç
4/ þomoemawmfjrwfBu;D ü umrç ½lyç t½lyç avmukw&å m
ukokdvf 4-rsdK;½SdonfwGif rdrd ra&mufzl;ao;ç r& zl;ao;ç
rdrdoEÅmefrSm vkdíaeao;aom ukokdvfuHopfrsdK;wkdYukd ,ckb0
aeYcsif;ç ncsif;ç vcsif;ç ESpfcsif; tjref&xnfha&muf xnfhjcif;
tusdK;iSmvnf;aumif; raerem; tm;xkwf&maom 0D&, 2-yg;/
þ 4-yg;aom 0D&d,wkdYukd ta&<uif;apç taMumtjcif
<uif;apç t½kd;<uif;apç tom;taoG; ukefcef;avap-[k t*Fg
4-yg; tckdiftNrJxm;í udpöNyD;pD;vdrfhrnfqkdvQif toufcE¨mukdrQ
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 127
rn§mrwm tm;xkwf&maom tcGifh 4-yg;onf or®yÜ"mef 4-yg;
rnf\/
(þum; or®yÜ"mef 4-yg;wnf;/)
£'¨ d y g'f 4-yg;
1/ orxç 0dyóem-bm0emrIwkdYü tvGefxufoef
aom qE´ 1-yg;ç
2/ orxç 0dyóem-bm0emrIwkdYü tvGefxufoef
aom pdwftBuH 1-yg;ç
3/ orxç 0dyóem-bm0emrIwkdYü tvGefxufoef
aom 0D&d, 1-yg;ç
4/ orxç 0dyóem-bm0emrIwkdYü tvGefxufoef
aom ÓPfynm 1-yg;ç
(þum; £'¨dyg'f 4-yg;wnf;/)
£a`E´ 5-yg;
1/ orxç 0dyóem-bm0emrIwkdYü pdwfrMunfvif
jcif;ukd y,fEdkifaom o'¨da`E´ 1-yg;ç
2/ orxç 0dyóem- bm0emrIwdkYü pdwf\ qkyfepf
jcif;udk y,fEkdifaom 0d&d,da`E´ 1-yg;
3/ orxç 0dyóem- bm0emrIwüYkd pdw\ f arYavsmY
jcif;udk y,fEdkifaom owda`E´ 1-yg;
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 128
4/ orxç 0dyóem- bm0emrIwüYkd pdw\ f ysUH vGijYf cif;
udk y,fEdkifaom orm"da`E´ 1-yg;
(þum; £a`E´ 5-yg;wnf;/)
Ak d v f 5-yg;
1/ o'¨gAdkvfç
2/ 0D&d,Adkvçf
3/ owdAdkvfç
4/ orm"dAdkvçf
5/ ynmAdkvfç
(þum; Adkvf 5-yg;wnf;/)
aAmZÑif 7-yg;
1/ owdy|mefudpö&Sdaom owdoarÁmZÑif 1-yg;
2/ emrf½kyfw&m;wkdYü [kwfrSefaom vu©Pmudk ½Sm
azGí odEdkifjrifEdkifaom "r®0dp,oarÁmZÑif 1-yg;
3/ or®yÜ"mef udpö½Sdaom 0D&d,oarÁmZÑif 1-yg;ç
4/ "r®&o w&m;t&omwkdYü om,mESpfoufaom
yDwdoarÁmZÑif 1-yg;ç
5/ ukd,fYçpdwf 2-yg;wdkY\ ylyefjcif;cyfodrf;ukd jidrf;ap
wwf aom yó'd¨oarÁmZÑif 1-yg;ç
6/ w&m;tm½k H ü wk e f v I y f j cif ; r&d S a om orm"d
oarÁmZÑif 1-yg;ç
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 129
7/ bm0emrIwdkYü rawGYraxmifY tajzmifYaqmifMuOf
wwfaom Oayu©moarÁmZÑif 1-yg;/
(þum; aAmZÑif 7-yg;wnf;/)
r*¾ i f 8-yg;
1/ opöm 4-yg;udk jrifEdkifaom or®m'd|d 1-yg;
2/ tjypfuif;í oef&Y iS ;f pifMu,fpmG BuzH efjcif;[laom
or®mouFyÜ 1-yg;?
3/ 0pD'pk ½ku
d f 4-yg;wdu
Yk kd tuket f pify,fjzwfEikd af om
or®m0gpm 1-yg;?
4/ um,'kp½ku d f 3-yg;wdu Yk kd tuketf pif y,fjzwfEikd f
aom or®mur®EÅ 1-yg;?
5/ raumif;aom toufarG;rIwdkYudk tukeftpif
y,fjzwfEdkifaom or®mtmZD0 1-yg;?
6/ or®yÜ"mef udpö&Sdaom or®m0g,r 1-yg;?
7/ owdy|mef udpö&Sdaom or®mowd 1-yg;?
8/ psmef 4-yg;ESifh,SOfaom or®mowd 1-yg;?
(þum; r*¾if 8-yg;wnf;)
þ 37-yg;aom aAm"dyu©d,w&m;wdkYudk yGm;rsm;ap
awmfrlojzifh olwyg;wdkYtm;vnf; opöm 4-yg; w&m;wdkYudk odap
awmfral om taMumif;aMumifv h nf;/ Aka'¨g? Ak'[¨ al om trnfemr
0daooudk &awmfrlay\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 130
Aka'¨g? 'ku© ork', eda&m"ESihf r*¾wpfjzm 4-opömudk q&m
rul o,rÇLjzifh trSefxdk;xGif; tvif;odjrifawmfrlaom jrwfpGm
bk&m;/
9/ £wdyd aomb*0g b*0g
teuf/ / ar? tuREfkyf\/ ow¬m? q&mocifaus;Zl;
&Sifjzpfawmfrlayaom/ a,mb*0g? tMuifjrwfpGm bk&m;onf/
pd&umvH? 4-oacsFESifh urÇm 1-odef;umvywfvHk;/ yg&rda,m?
yg&rDwdkYudk/ yla&wGm? jznfhawmfrlNyD;í/ Ak'¨bm0H? oAÁnKw
bk&m;tjzpfodkY/ yawåm? a&mufawmfrlay\/
ar? tuREf k y f \ / ow¬ m ? q&mocif a us;Zl ; &S i f j zpf
awmfrlayaom/ aomb*0g? xdkjrwfpGmbk&m;onf? £wdyd?
þodkYvQif twkr½SdBuD;jrwfaom bkef;awmf 6-yg;ESifh jynfhpkH
awmfrlay\/
bk e f ; awmf 6-yg;um;
1/ tvdk½Sdwdkif; zefqif;jcif;iSm pdwfawmfudk tpdk;&jcif;
[laom £ó&d, bkef;awmf 1-yg;ç
2/ avmukwå&m *kPfaus;Zl;[laom "r®bkef;awmf 1-
yg;ç
3/ avmuokH;yg;ü twkr½Sd ausmfapmawmfrlaom ,o
bkef;awmf 1-yg;ç
4/ twkr½Sd wifw h ,faom usuo f a&wnf;[laom od&D
bkef;awmf 1-yg;ç
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 131
5/ tvdkawmfcyfodrf; NyD;Nidrf;apjcif;wnf;[laom umr
bkef;awmf 1-yg;ç
6/ owå 0 gwd k Y t usd K ;ud k tm;xk w f r I ü twk r ½S d a om
vkHYv0D&d,½Sdawmfrljcif; wnf;[laom y,wå bkef;
awmf 1-yg;/
þ 6-yg;aom twkr½Sd BuD;jrwfaom bkef;awmf wefcdk;
awmfwEYkd iS hf jynfph aHk wmfral omaMumifv
h nf;/ b*0g? b*0g-[laom
trnfemr 0daooudk &awmfrlay\/
b*0g? bke;f awmf 6-yg;ESijhf ynfph aHk wmfral om jrwfpmG bk&m;/
(þum; jrwfpmG bk&m;\ *kPaf wmf 9-yg; tusO;f yGg;ykçH t
v,ftvwf yGg;rsm;ykHç tus,fyGg; rsm;ykHwdkYudk jyqdkjcif;aywnf;/)
¤if;*kPfawmf 9-yg;tjyif-
1/ pu©K 5-yg;ESifh jynfhpkHawmfrljcif; pu©KrEÅ*kPfç
2/ rm&f 5-yg;udk t<uif;tusefr½Sd atmifawmfrlaom
tpGrf;owådawmf[laom Zde*kPfç
3/ ud, k af wmftm; 10-yg;ç ÓPfawmftm; 10-yg;ESihf jynfph Hk
awmfrljcif; 'oAv*kPfç
þodkYtp½Sdonfjzifh jrwfpGmbk&m;\ *kPfaus;Zl;awmf
wdkYonf tyÜrmaPm Aka'¨g-qdkaomtwdkif; toacsF,sç teEÅrsm;
jym;uke\ f /
xdkrsm;jym;pGmaom *kPfawmfwdkYudk rdrdo'¨gpGrf;ç 0d&D,pGrf;ç
ÓPfpGrf;½Sdonftm;avsmfpGm odEdkiforQ odatmifvkyfí þ *kPf
awmf 9-yg; enf;wlyifvQif qifjcifatmufarh&m\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 132
1-yg;wnf; qifjcifatmufarh&onfxuf 2-yg;ç 3-yg;ç
4-yg;ç 5-yg;-ponfjzifh rsm;pGm atmufarhEikd af v aumif;avjzpf\?
pdwftvGef Munfvif\? ÓPfyGifhvef;\/ tusdK;tmedoif BuD;rm;
jrifjh rwf\/
þuJo h Ykd rdrw
d Ykd odEikd o
f avmuf jrwfpmG bk&m;\ *kPaf us;Zl;
wdkYudk tzefzef qifjcifatmufarhonf½Sdaomf tvGefo'¨gw&m;
xufoef\? rdrdOD;acgif;udkyif jzwfí ylaZmfcsifatmif o'¨gw&m;
jzpfwwf\? tvGepf w d Ó f Pf Munf\? ÓPfw;kd yGg;Bu;D &if\
h ? tvGef
pdwfwnffMunf\? Oypm&psmefudk&\/
Oypm&psmef [ l o nf u m;
1/ edrw
d &f paumif;aom ur®|mef;wdüYk tprSpí y#dbm*
edrdwf jzpfay:onfhwdkifatmif þtwGif;Munfh½I yGg;rsm;aom
pdwåKyÜg'fudk y&dur®bm0em-[kac:\/
2/ y#dbm*edrdwfjzpfay:onfrSpí tyÜemodkY ra&mufrD
þtwGi;f Munf½h yI gG ;rsm;aom pdwKå ygÜ 'fukd Oypm&bm0em-[kac:\/
3/ psmefpdwfudkum; tm½kHxJodkY 0ifbdouJhodkY pl;pdkufí
jzpfjcif;aMumifh tyÜembm0em-[kac:\/
þbm0em 3-yg;ü-
1/ y&dur®bm0em tcdkufü yg½Sdaom orm"dudkç psmefudk
y&dur®orm"dç y&dur®psmef-[kac:\/
2/ Oypm&bm0emtcdkufü yg½Sdaom orm"dudkç psmefudk
Oypm&orm"dç Oypm&psmef-[kac:\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 133
3/ tyÜemtcdkufü yg½Sdaom orm"dudkç psmefudk tyÜem
orm"dç tyÜempsmef-[kac:\/
þuJhodkY bm0em 3-rsdK;? orm"d 3-rsdK;? psmef 3-rsdK;½Sd\/
þAk'¨gEkówdur®|mef;onfum;- bk&m;*kPfaus;Zl;awmf
rsm;onf tvGefeufeJodrfarGUaom y&rw¬w&m;jzpfí edrdwf&
aumif;aom w&m;r[kwfjcif;aMumifh pdwfÓPfMunfvifjcif;ç
0rf;ajrmufjcif;ç wnfMunfjcif; Oypm&psmefç Oypm&orm"drQuo kd m
jzpfapEdik \
f ? tyÜempsmefç tyÜemorm"dukd rjzpfapEdik ?f tyÜempsmef
udu
k m; edrw d tf m½kH &aumif;aom ur®|mef;rSmrl jzpfapEdik af umif;\/
Ak'¨gEkówd ur®|mef; NyD;\/
----------
(c) "r® m Ek ó wd ur® | mef ; yG m ;rsm;tm;xk w f y k H
tEkówd 10-yg;wdkYwGif-
"r®mEkówd [lonfum;-bk&m;½Sif a[mMum;awmfrl
tyfaom y&d,wåçd y#dywåçd y#da0'-[laom 3-yg;aom w&m;awmf
jrwf\/ 0g? y&d,wådç y#dywådç psmefç r*fç zdkvfç edAÁmef-[laom 6-
yg;aom w&m;awmfjrwf\ oGmu©mwwm-paom *kPfawmfwdkYudk
tzefzef qifjcifatmufarhaom owdudk qdkonf/
xdk "r®mEkówdudk yGm;rsm;tm;xkwfvdkaom a,m*Dyk*¾Kdvf
onf w&m;awmfjrwf\ oGmu©mwwm-paom*kPfawmf 6-yg;udk
aumif;rGefpGmodí bk&m;*kPfaus;Zl;awmfudk *kPfvkH;ay:atmif
xif½mS ;atmif avmuBu;D ESiw hf uG rdrw
d &Ykd cJEikd af omtjzpfç r&Edik f
aomtjzpfwdkYudk qifjcifí atmufarh&bdouJhodkY xdkYtwl
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 134
w&m;awmfjrwf\ *kPfawmfudkvnf; *kPfvkH;ay:atmifç wefbdk;
rjzwfEdkifatmifç xif½Sm;atmif qifjcifatmufarh&rnf/
"r® *kPfawmf 6-yg;
1/ oGmu©mawm b*0wm "ar®mç
2/ oE´d|daumç
3/ tumvdaumç
4/ {[dyódaumç
5/ Moyae,sdaumç
6/ ypöwåH a0'dwaAÁm 0dnL[d/
1/ b*0awm? jrwfpGmbk&m;onf/ oGmu©mawm? tpç
tv,fç tqH;k 3-yg;tpHk aumif;jcif; *kPEf iS hf jynfph pkH mG a[mMum;
awmfrltyfaom/ "ar®m? w&m;awmfjrwfonf/
2/ oE´d|daum? usifhaqmifolwdkYtm; ,ckb0 ypöu©üyif
'd|udk,fwGif awGUjrifcHpH&aom *kPfaus;Zl; txl;ESifhvnf; jynfhpHk
ay\/
3/ tumvdaum? umvra&GUusifhonfhaeYyif awGUjrif
,HkMunf&aom aumif;usdK;csrf;omESifhvnf; jynfhpHkay\
4/ {[dyódaum? vma&muf½Ijrif aus;Zl;wifNrJjzpfí
vmyg ½Iyg usifhBuHyg[k rygygatmif ac:aqmifoGwfoGif; wdkuf
wGef;jcif;iSm xdkufwefpGmaom *kPfxl; 0daooESifhvnf; jynfhpHk
ay\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 135
5/ Moyae,sad um? rdru d m, tZÑww å iG f &½Sad ygufa&muf
udk,fawGUajrmufatmif uyfíaqmifxdkufaom *kPfxl;0daoo
ESifhvnf; jynfhpHkay\/
6/ 0dnL[d? ynm½So d l ½Siçf vltaygif; olawmfaumif; wdo Yk nf/
ypöw?Hå toD;toD;aom rdrw d oYkd EÅmefü/ a0'dwaAÁm? csr;f omavpGç
aumif;avpG- [k um,pdwå-okcESpfjyif xifxif½Sm;½Sm; cHpm;od
jrif&aom *kPfxl; 0daooESifhvnf; jynfhpHkay\/
bk&m;½Sdcdk;jyKvkyfvdkvQif-(wH? xdkoGmu©mw-tp a0'dwAÁ-
tqHk; b0*fcsKef;rQ bkef;½SdefBuD;rm; *kPf 6-yg;ESifh jynfhpkHaom
w&m;awmfjrwfudk/ t[H? tuREkfyfonf/ 0E´mrd? ½Sdcdk;yg\)
oG m u© m w*k P f a wmf
ig\q&m jrwfpGmbk&m;½Sif a[mMum;awmfrltyfaom
w&m;awmfjrwfonfum; rdpäm'd|dq&mrsm; a[mMum;tyfaom
w&m;rsm;uJhodkY ]]'k&u©mw-raumif;ojzifh a[mMum;tyfaom
w&m;}} r[kwf? tvGJtrSm; r[kwf? 'ku©jzpfaMumif; r[kwf? pifppf
ajzmifhrSefay\? cyfodrf;aom 'ku©udk aysmufapí csrf;omudk
jzpfapwwwfay\? xdaYk Mumifh oGmu©mw- aumif;pGm a[mMum;tyf
aom w&m;awmfjrwfaywnf;/
rdpäm'd|d w&m;wdkYESifh ,SOfíç EIdif;pmí qifjcif atmuf
arh&m\/ þenf;udkrSDí <uif;aom *kPfawmfwdkYudkvnf; rdpäm'd|d
w&m; avmuD Am[d&w&m;wdEYk iS hf ,SOí f ,SOí f ç EIid ;f pmí EIid ;f pmí
qifjcifatmufarh&m\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 136
oE´ d | d u *k P f a wmf
tMuifw&m;onf olUudkMunfh½IvQif tusKd;½Sd\? csrf;om
aumif;usKd ;udk jzpfapwwf\? xdw
k &m;onf Munf½h jI cif;iSm oifah om
xdkufaom oE´d|du w&m;wnf;/
tumvd u *k P f a wmf
tMuifw&m;onf rdrdudk jyKusifh Munfh½Ivmaomoltm;
csrf;omaumif;usKd;udk ay;&mü aemufcPrS aemuf&ufrS[k
tcgumvudk rqdik ;f iHb
h J xdrk rd u
d dk jyKusihf Munf½h o
I nfEiS hf wpfNyKd ief uf
yifvQif csrf;omaumif;usKd;udk jzpfap\? ay;\? xdkw&m;onf
tcgrvifh tusKd;ay;wwfaom tumvdu w&m;wnf;/
{[d y ód u *k P f a wmf
tMuifw&m;onf olYudkMunfh½IvQif tusKd;½Sd\? csrf;om
aumif;usKd ;udk jzpfapwwf\? ay;wwf\? xdw
k &m;onf vmvSnçhf
þw&m;udk Munfh½IvSnfh[k wdkufwGef;apcdkif;jcif; tpDt&ifudk
xdkufaom {[dyódu w&m;wnf;/
Moyae,sd u *k P f a wmf
oHo&m0#f'u
k r© S uRwv
f w
G af pí edAmÁ efcsr;f omudk ydaYk qmif
wwfaom ÓPfjzifhuyfí avhvmaqmif½Guftyfaom Moy
ae,sdu w&m;wnf;/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 137
ypö w å a 0'd w AÁ * k P f a wmf
ynm½Sdol ½Sifvltaygif; olawmfaumif;wdkYonf toD;
toD;aom rdrdwdkYoEÅmefü csrf;omavpGç aumif;avpG-[k okc
ESpjf yif xifxif½mS ;½Sm; cHpm;odjrif&aom ypöwaå 0'dwAÁ w&m;wnf;/
jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mMum;awmfrltyfaom 3-yg;ç 6-yg;aom
w&m;awmfjrwfonf þ6-yg;aom*kPfwdkYESifh xdkufonftm;
avsmfpGm jynfhpkHMuonf? xifjrifatmif Munfh½IMu&m\/
w&m;awmfjrwf\ *kPfaus;Zl;wdkYonf tyÜrmaPm "ar®m-
qdkaomtwdkif; þ 6-yg;tjyifvnf; toacsF,sç teEÅrsm;pGm
½Sdukef\? w&m;awmfjrwf\ *kPfawmfwdkYudk 1-yg;xuf 2-yg;ç 2-
yg;xuf 3-yg; ponfjzifh rsm;rsm;BuD; odavatmif atmufarh
Edkifavav tusKd;omvGefí BuD;jrwfavav jzpf\/
þuJo h Ykd qifjcif atmufarhonf½adS omf tvGeEf pS o
f ufjcif;ç
0rf;ajrmufjcif; jzpf\? tvGef pdwfÓPf Munf\? tvGef ÓPf
xufoef Bu;D xGm;\? tvGef pdww f nfMunf\? Oypm& psmefu&kd \/
þ"r®mEkówd ur®|mef;onfvnf;- w&m;awmf *kPf
awmfjrwfonf tvGefeufeJodrfarGYaom y&rw¬"r®awG jzpfí
edrdwf&aumif;aom w&m;r[kwfjcif;aMumifh tyÜempsmefudk
rjzpfapEdkif/
oG m u© m w *k P f a wmf tus,f
ok | K tu© m awmwd oG m u© m awm/ ok | K? aumif ; pG m /
tu© m awm? a[mMum;tyf \ / £wd w o® m ? xd k Y a Mumif h /
oGmu©mawm? oGmu©mw rnf\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 138
ar;/ / aumif;pGm a[mtyfonf[lonf tb,fenf;/
ajz/ / þw&m;onf tpüvnf ; aumif ; ç
tv,füvnf; aumif;ç tqkH;üvnf;aumif; teufESifhvnf;
jynfhpkH\? o'´gç yk'fç Asnf;ESifhvnf;jynfhpkH\? þw&m;awmfjzifh
jrwfpGmbk&m;onf tvkH;pkHjynfhpkHí pifMu,faom tusifhjrwfudk
jyawmfrl\/
þodkYvQif aumif;pGm a[mtyfonf\ tjzpfudk odtyf\/
csJUíqdkOD;tHh-
1/ w&m;awmf o nf tpü aumif ; jcif ; ½S d a omaMumif h
oGmu©mw rnf\/
ar;/ / tpü aumif;jcif;[lonf tb,fenf;/
ajz/ / xdkw&m;udk a[mawmfrlaom jrwfpGmbk&m;\
aumif;aomw&m; tjzpfonf w&m;\ tpü aumif;jcif;rnf\/
ar;/ / bk&m;\ aumif;aom bk&m;tjzpf[lonf tb,f
enf;/
ajz/ / bk&m;\ aumif;aombk&m;jzpfyu Hk kd bk&m; *kPaf wmf
9-yg;ü jyqdktyfNyD;aomtwdkif; odtyf\/
2/ xd k w &m;awmf o nf tv,f ü aumif ; jcif ; ½S d a om
aMumifhvnf; oGmu©mw rnf\/
ar;/ / tv,fü aumif;jrwfjcif;[lonf tb,fenf;/
ajz/ / w&m;\ aumif;jrwfrSefuefaom w&m;jzpfrI onf
tv,füaumif;jcif;rnf\/
ar;/ / w&m;\aumif;jrwfrSefrIonf tb,fenf;/
ajz/ / teuft"dygÜ ,fEiS hf jynfph rHk çI o'´gyk'Af sn;f ESihf jynfph rHk I
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 139
onfvnf;aumif;? tvkH;pkHjynfhpkHí xuf0ef;usifrS pifMu,f
aomtusijhf rwfukd jyjcif;onfvnf;aumif; w&m;\ aumif;jrwf
rSefuefrI rnf\/
ar;/ / w&m;awmf\ teufESifhjynfhpkHrIç o'´gyk'f Asnf;ESifh
jynfhpkHrI[lonf tb,fenf;/oDvt&mü a&S;OD;pGm jyqdkaytHh?
ajz/ / xdkoDvESifYpyfí a[mawmfrltyfaom t&mü
tMuifrQavmuf o'´gtpDtpOfukd jyaomyk'fç Asnf;-wdkYudkvnf;
aumif;? teuft"dyÜg,fudk jyaomyk'fç Asnf;wdkYudkvnf;aumif;
&xdkufukef\/ xdkrQavmufukefaom o'´gyk'fç teufyk'fwdkYudk
vdkavao;onf [lír&dS? tjynfhtpkH pDpOf xnfhoGif;íomvQif
a[mMum;awmfrt l yf\? xdaYk Mumifh w&m;awmfonf teufEiS jhf ynfph Hk
onfç o'´gyk'f Asnf;ESifhjynfhpkHonfrnf\/
xdkYtwl orm"dESifhpyfí a[maomt&mç ynmESifhpyfí
a[maomt&mwdüYk ,kwaf vsmonfç vdak o;onf [lír&S?d tjynfh
tpkH jzpfukefaomo'´gyk'fç teufyk'fwdkYESifh pDpOfí a[mMum;awmf
rltyfonf\ tjzpfonf w&m;awmf\ teufESifhjynfhpkHrIrnf\/
oDvw&m;ESiphf yfvsi;f í a[mawmfral omtcg terw*¾
oHo&murÇmteEÅwdkYü aumif;aom tavhtusifh [kqdktyfukef
aom ukovoDvrsKd;wdkYonf &dSukef\/
xdkrQavmufukefaom tavhaumif;ç tusifhaumif;oDv
ukov kd tf aygif;wdu
Yk kd oAÁnKwnPfjzifh tvk;H pHo
k jd rifawmfrNl y;D í
aumif;pGma[mMum;awmfrltyf\? xdkYaMumifh oDvw&m;rsm;onf
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 140
teufESifh jynfhpkHonfç o'´gESifhjynfhpkHonfrnf\/
orm"dESifhpyfvsOf;í a[mawmfrl&mç ynmESifhpyfvsOf;í
a[mawmfrl&mwdkYüvnf; þenf;twdkif; omw¬ç AsÍÆe jzpfykHudk
odtyf\/
þqdv k wåUH aomenf;um;- teufEiS jhf ynfph çHk o'´gESijhf ynfph í
Hk
omw¬ç oAsÍÆe-jzpfykH enf;t>rufaywnf;/
ukov=ukov dk /f þ ukov-[laom pum;onf AsOeÆ y'-
rnf\? umrm0p&ukokdvfç ½lyg0p&ukokdvfç t½lyg0p&ukokdvfç
avmukw&å mukov kd -f rsm;onf xdu k ok v-yk'o f nf a[mtyfaom
ukov-yk'f\ teufjzpfaom tw¬y'-rnfukef\/
wzef umrm0p&ukov-[laom pum;onf AsÍÆey'-
rnf\? aomreóo[*kwf ÓPorÜ,kwf tocFg&du ukodkvf
pdwf -tp&Sad omumrm0p&ukov kd pf wd f 8-yg;onf xdk umrm0p&-
yk'f\ teufjzpfaom tw¬y'-rnf\/
½lyg0p&ukov-paom pum;wdkYüvnf; þenf;twdkif;
yifwnf;/
(þum; tbd"r®mü AsÍÆey'ç tw¬y'-cGJa0yHkudk enf;
t>rufaywnf;/)
ok w å e f e nf ; tm;jzif h
ukov-[laom pum;onf AsÍeÆ y'-rnf\? xdk ukov-
\ teufoabmjzpfaom okp½dkuf 10-yg;ç ukovur®yx 10-
yg;ç yknud&d,m0w¬K 10-yg;onf tw¬y' rnf\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 141
(þum; okwåefenf;tm;jzifh AsÍÆey'ç tw¬y'-cGJa0yHkwnf;/)
þuJhodkY a[mawmfrltyfaom ukodkvfw&m;onf te
rw*¾ oHo&m urÇmtqufqufwdkYü þrnfaom uyfurÇmwGifç
avmu"mwf a ygif ; teEÅ w d k Y ü þrnf a omavmu"mwf w G i f ç
þrnfaom owåavmuwGifwpfpHkwpfckaom ukodkvfrQvnf;
xdkukov[laom AsÍÆe-yk'fç tw¬-yk'fwdkYjzifh ra&rwGufonfr&Sd?
terw*¾ oHo&m urÇmteEÅ owå0gteEÅwüYkd ukov kd [
f í
l qdv k Qif
xduk o k vyk'f twGi;f odYk tusKH ;0ifMuavonfcsn;f om jzpfav\?
ukov kd rf eS v
f Qif ukovyk'jf zifh a0zeftyfonfcsn;f om jzpfav\/
(þodkYvQif ukov"r® [laom yk'f\ omw¬ç oAsÍÆejzpfyHkç
o'´gESifhjynfhpHkyHkç teufESifh jynfhpHkyHkudk odtyf\/)
tukovm "r®m-tp&Sdukefaom 8-aomif; 4-axmif
ukefaom"r®u©E¨myk'ftaygif;wdkYüvnf; þenf;twdkif; omw¬ç
oAsÍÆe-jzpfyHkudkod&mownf;/
ar;/ / xdkw&m;awmfjzifh tvHk;pHkjynfhpHkí xuf0ef;usifrS
pifMu,faom tusifhjrwf jA[®p&d,udk tb,fodkY jyygoenf;/
ajz/ / (u) jA[®Zmvokwfü a[mawmfrltyfaom plV
oDvonfvnf; jA[®p&d,rnf\? rZÑdroDvonfvnf;aumif;ç
r[moDvonfvnf;aumif; jA[®p&d,yif rnf\/
(c) tvHk;pHkaom 0denf;yd#uwfü ynwfawmfrltyfaom
0denf;odu©myk'f [lorQwdkYonfvnf; jA[®p&d, rnfukef\/
(*) xdrk w S pfyg; tvH;k pHak om £`E,d´ oH0&oDvç tvk;H pkaH om
owdorÜZnç ypön;f av;yg;wdüYk a&mif&h rJ I oaEÅmoç tvk;H pkaH om
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 142
eD0&Pw&m;wdu Yk kd cGmrI ormywf 8-yg;ç 0dyóemÓPfç raemr,d'd¨
ÓPf ç £'¨ d 0 d " ÓPf ç 'd A Á a omwÓPf ç apawmy&d , ÓPf ç
ykaAÁe0d goÓPfç pkwyl ygwÓPf tvk;H pko H nfvnf; jA[®p&d,yif
rnf\/
(C) owdy|mef 4-yg;ç or®yÜ"mef 4-yg;ç £'¨dyg'f 4-yg;ç
£a`E´ 5-yg;ç Adv k f 5-yg;ç aAmZÑif 7-yg;ç r*¾if 8 -yg;? þaAm"dyu©, d
w&m; 37-yg;onfvnf; jA[®p&d,yif rnf\/
jyqdktyfNyD;aom jA[®p&d,wdkY\ tusKd;jzpfukefaom
avmuDtbdnmOf 5-yg;ç Adv k f 5-yg;wdu Yk vkd nf; jA[®p&d,üyif oGi;f í
a&wGuftyfukef\/
jrwfpGmbk&m;onf xdkw&m;awmfjrwfjzifh þtvkH;pkHaom
jA[®p&d, tusijhf rwfukd jyawmfr\ l ? xdo k Ydk jytyfaom jA[®p&d,
onfvnf; plVoDv ponfwdkYü wpfpkHwpfckrQ rjynfhpkHaom
jA[®p&d,rnfonf r½Sd? tvkH;pkH jynfhpkHonfom jzpf\/
xdxk kd jA[®p&d,jzifh xdx k qkd ikd &f mqdik &f mjzpfaom udavom
tzdwYk uYkd kd xdu
k o f nftm;avsmpf mG y,f½mS ;jcif;aMumifh jrwfpmG bk&m;
jyawmfrltyfaom jA[®p&d,onf xuf0ef;usifrS pifMu,fonf
rnf\/
þjyqdktyfNyD;aom jA[®p&d,onfum; tem*g&d,jzpf
aom &[ef;wdkYESifh oufqdkifaom jA[®p&d,aywnf;/
tdrf&maxmifol vlwdkY\ jA[®p&d,ç ewfwdkY\ jA[®p&d,
onfum; 5-yg;oDvç 8-yg;oDvç t|*FOykofç 10-yg;oDvwdkYay
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 143
wnf;/
jA[®p&d,ESifhpyfaom pum;&yfü-
ykPÖuZmwfwGif 'geudk jA[®p&d,[k a[mawmfrl\?
wdwåd&Zmwfü 5-yg;oDvudk jA[®p&d,[k a[mawmfrl\? aerd
Zmwfü OaygoxoDvudk jA[®p&d,oDv[k a[mawmfrl\? 10-
yg;oDvudu k m; 8-yg; oDvESihf tvm;wlaomaMumifh jA[®p&d,[lí
qdtk yf\/
xdkrSwpfyg; xdkxdkokwåef t&yf&yfwdkYü tMuiftMuif
yknud&d,m0w¬KwdkYudk qdkif&mqdkif&mü a[mawmfrl\? xdktvkH;pkH
aom ukokdvfaumif;rI jyKjcif;ESifh pyfqdkiforQaom yknud&d,m
0w¬KwdkYudk jA[®p&d,ü oGif;í a&wGuftyfukef\/
avmuü þjA[®p&d,wdkY\ xif½Sm;½Sdaejcif;aMumifh
vlwdkY[lí xif½Sm;½SdaeMuukef\? ewfwdkY[líç jA[®mwdkY[lí
xif½Sm;jzpfay:vsuf ½SdaeMuukef\? bk&m;½SifwdkYvnf; xif½Sm;
yGifhawmfrlMuukef\? yapöuAk'¨gwdkYvnf; xif½Sm;jzpfay:Muukef\?
wynfhom0uwdkYvnf; xif½Sm;jzpfay:Muukef\? olawmfaumif;
wdkY[lí xif½Sm;½SdMuukef\/
þjA[®p&d,wdu Yk kd MuOfz,fí xm;Muygukerf u l m; vlonf
vnf;aumif;ç ewfonfvnf;aumif;ç jA[®monfvnf;aumif;
r½SEd ikd u
f ek ?f bk&m; yapöuAk'g¨ wdYk yGiahf y:Edik &f efrmS qdb
k , G &f mr½Sad cs/
tMuif t,l0g' tMuifbmomwdkYü-
jrwfaomtusi[ hf k qdt
k yfaom jA[®p&d,wdu Yk kd ynwfjcif;
r½SdMuukef? xdk t,lbmomwdkYü oGmu©mw w&m;r½Sd? 'k&u©mw-
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 144
raumif;ojzifh qdktyfaom w&m;om ½SdavaomaMumifh xdkt,l
bmomodYk 0ifí usiBhf ut H m;xkwMf uukeaf om olwo Ykd nf ydwu
f , G f
aom ok*wdwcH g; ½Su d ek of nfjzpfí rsm;aomtm;jzifh tyg,foo Ykd m
vm;Mu&ukef\?
þodkYvQif w&m;awmfjrwf\ tvkH;pkH jynfhpkHí xuf0ef;
usifrS pifMu,faom tusifhaumif; tusifhjrwfudk jyjcif;onf
jzpf\/
qdtk yfNy;D aom pum;&yfjzifh jrwfpmG bk&m; a[mMum;awmf
rltyfaom w&m;awmfjrwf\ teufo'´gESifhjynfhpkHí omw¬ç
oAsÍÆetjzpf? tvkH;pkHjynfhpkHí xuf0ef;usifrS pifMu,faom
tusifhjrwfudk jyonf\ tjzpfaMumifh raZÑuvsmP jzpfykHudk
odtyfownf;/
ar;/ / w&m;awmfjrwf\ tqkH;ü aumif;jcif;[lonf
tb,fenf;/
ajz/ / jrifhjrwfaom om0uwdkYESifh jynfhpkHjcif;onf
w&m;awmf\ tqkH;ü aumif;jcif;rnf\/
om0uES i f h jynf h p k H j cif ; [l o nf u m;
oGu©mwjzpfaom w&m;awmfudk usifhaqmifMuukefaom
wynfhom0uwdkYonf usifhBuHtm;xkwftyfaom jA[®p&d,\
tusK;d wdu
Yk kd ud,
k af wG'Y |d &½Scd pH H Mu&ukeí
f xl;aomyk*Kd¾ vt
f jzpfoYkd
a&mufMu onfudk om0uorÜwåd qdkonf? þw&m;*kPfawmfü
"r®qdkonfum; olawmfaumif;wdkY\ w&m;ay wnf;? w&m;udk
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 145
o'¨r® qdkonf/
xdk o'¨r®onf-
1/ avmud,o'¨r®ç
2/ avmukwå&o'¨r® tm;jzifh 2-yg; ½Sd\/
xdk 2-yg;wdkYwGif-
avmud,o'¨r® qdkonfum;-avmuü &[ef;ynm&SdwdkY
onfvnf;aumif;ç ykPÖm;ynm&SdwdkYonfvnf;aumif;ç vlynm&Sd
ewfynm&Sw d o Ykd nfvnf;aumif;ç jA[®mynm&Sw d o
Ykd nfvnf;aumif;
'kp½ku
d f 10-yg;wdu Yk kd ynwfMuuke\
f ? okp½ku d f 10-yg;wdu
Yk kd ynwfMu
uke\f /
tukovur®yx 10-yg;wdkYudk ynwfMuukef\? ukov
ur®yx 10-yg;ç yknud&d,m0w¬K 10-yg;wdkYudk ynwfMuukef\/
uodkPf;psmef 10-yg;ç tyÜrnmpsmef 4-yg;ç ½ly-t½ly
ormywf-8yg;ç avmuDtbdnmOf 5-yg;wdkYudk ynwfMuukef\?
þypöKyÜef avmuudkvnf; a[mMum;Muukef\? wrvGefavmu
udkvnf; a[mMum;Muukef\? tyg,f 4-yg;udkvnf; a[mMum;
Muuke\ f /
umrm0p& ewfjynf 6-xyfç ½lyjA[®mbHk 16-xyfç t½lybkH
4-xyfwu Ykd vkd nf; a[mMum;Muuke\ f ? teEÅ pMu0Vm urÇmavmu
"mwfwdkY\ &Sdjcif;udkvnf; a[mMum;Muukef\/
'kp½kduf 10-yg;ç tukov ur®yxw&m; 10-yg; wdkYonf
tyg,f 4-yg;odkYoGm;&ef vrf;c&D; jzpfMuukef\? okp½kduf 10-yg;ç
ukov ur®yxw&m; 10-yg;wdo Yk nf vljY ynf ewfjynfoYkd oGm;&ef
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 146
vrf;c&D; jzpfMuukef\-[lívnf; ynwfMuukef\? psmeformywf
8-yg;wdo Yk nf jA[®mjh ynfoYkd oGm;&ef vrf;c&D; jzpfMuuke\ f -[lívnf;
ynwfMuuke\ f /
xdkodkY a[mMum;ynwfMuukefaom yk*¾dKvfwdkYonf omrn
tm;jzifh pdwo f abmxifjrif&m ,H0g wH0gynwf a[mMum;Muonf
r[kwfukef? psmeftbdnmOf&&SdMuukefaom &[ef;ç ykPÖm;ç wefcdk;
BuD;aom ewfç jA[®mrsm;wdkYonf þypöKyÜefavmuç wrvGef
avmuBu;D awGuu kd ,
kd wf ikd o
f í
d rsuaf rSmufjyKNy;D rS rSeaf omtwdik ;f
ynwfa[mMum;Muukef\/
tcsdKUaom ynm½SdwdkYonfvnf; xdkodkY tbdnmOf&NyD;aom
&[ef; ykPÖm;-ponfwdkY\ txHrS w&m;udk Mum;emMuukefNyD;vQif
xdktbdnmOf&&Sdaom yk*¾KdvfwdkY\ a[majymonfhtwdkif; ynwf
a[mMum;Muuke\ f ? þodaYk vmuDü ynm&SMd uukeaf om xdx k ykd *k K¾ v
d f
jrwfwdkY a[mMum;tyfaom w&m;onf avmud,o'¨r®-rnf\/
(terw*¾oo H &m urÇmtqufqufü avmuDynm&Srd sm;
ynwf a [mMum;íxm;aom urÇ m apmif h w &m;BuD ; rsm;-[l í
qdv
k okd nf/)
terw*¾oHo&m urÇmtqufqufwdkYü xdkxdkuyfurÇm
wnfOD;ptcgrSpí vlUjynfç ewfjynfç jA[®mhjynfwdkYü jzpfay:Mu
ukef\? teEÅ avmu"mwfwdkYüvnf; xdkodkYyif jzpfay:Muukef\/
xdok Ykd urÇmapmifh avmud,o'¨r-® w&m;awmfBu;D rsm; xif½mS ;jzpf
ay:MuukefaomaMumifhomvQif xkdurÇmtpOftqufwkdYüvnf;
aumif;ç xkdavmu"mwf teEÅwkdYüvnf;aumif; vlUjynf[lí
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 147
xif½mS ; jzpfay:Muuke\ f / xku d rÇmapmifjh zpfaom avmud, o'¨r-®
rsm; rxGef;um;cJhygrlum; ok*wdbkHrsm;[lí jzpfay:Ekdif&ef
taMumif;r½S?d ok*wdbo Hk m;wk[Yd íl ay:aygufEidk &f ef taMumif;r½S?d
tyg,fbkHESifh tyg,fbkHom; wkdYcsnf;omvQif jzpfMuukef\/
þavmud,o'¨r®-onfvnf; olESifhqkdif&m y&d,m,f
wrsK;d tm;jzifh tpü aumif;jcif;½So d nf? tv,fü aumif;jcif;½So d nf?
tqk;H üaumif;jcif;½So d nf? teufEiS hf jynfph o Hk nf? o'´gç yk'çf Asn;f -
ESifhjynfhpkHonf? tvkH;pkHjynfhpkHí xuf0ef;usifrS pifMu,faom
jA[®p&d,-tusifhjrwfukd jyonf[lí qkdxkduf\/
xkdpum;ü-
ar;/ avmud,o'¨r®\ tm'duvsmP tpüaumif;
jcif;[lonf tb,fenf;/
ajz/ þypö K yÜ e f avmuuk d v nf ; ç wrvG e f a vmuuk d
vnf;aumif; uk, d w
f idk x
f ;dk xGi;f í odNy;D vQif rsuaf rSmufjyKí ynm
½Sdyk*¾KdvfBuD;wkdY aumif;pGma[mMum;tyfonf\ tjzpfonf tpü
aumif;jcif; rnf\/
ar;/ raZÑuvsmP-tv,f ü aumif ; jcif ; [l o nf
tb,fenf;/
ajz/ xkad vmuD w&m;tm;avsmpf mG teufEiS jhf ynfph rHk çI o'´gç
yk'f Asnf;ESifhjynfhpkHrIç tvkH;pkHjynfhpkHí xuf0ef;usifrS pifMu,f
aom tusifhjrwfukd aumif;pGmjyKrIonf tv,fü aumif;jcif;
rnf\/
ar;/ y&da,momeuvsmP-tqkH;üaumif;jcif;[lonf
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 148
tb,fenf;/
ajz/ avmuDynm½Sd yk*K¾ v d Bf u;D wkYd qk;H rtyfaom twkid ;f
w&m;pOfudk usiBhf uMH uukeaf omolw\ Ydk vlUjynfewfjynfç jA[®jynf-
[kqkdtyfaom ok*wdavmuokdY a&mufí okccsrf;omukd cHpm;&
rIonf avmud,o'¨r®-\ y&da,momoeuvsmP-tqkH;ü
aumif;rnf\/
xkdpum;rSef\? r[ma*g0dE´okwfü-
]]xkad *g0dE-´ ykPmÖ ;Bu;D onf wynfo h m0uwkt Yd m; jA[®mb
h o
Hk Ydk
a&mufpdrfhaomiSg w&m;ukd a[mMum;ay\/
tMuifwynfhwkdYonf xkdr[ma*g0dE´ykPÖm;BuD;\ tqkH;
trMo0g'ukd tvkH;pkHod½Sdvkdufem usifhBuHMuukef\? xkdwynfh
wko
Yd nf uk, d cf E¨mysupf ;D í aoonfrS aemufumvü aumif;aom
olwkdY\ vm;&mjzpfaom jA[®mhbkHokdY uyfa&muf jzpfyGm;Muav
uke\ f /
tMuifwynfw h Udk onf xkrd [ma*g0dEy´ P k mÖ ;Bu;D \ tqk;H tr
Mo0g'ukd tvkH;pkHod½Sdvkdufem usifhBuHjcif; rjyKMuukef? wpfpdwf
wpfa'orQukdom usifhBuHMuukef\? xkdwynfhwkdYonf tcsKdU
0o0wåed wfjynfü jzpfMuavuke\ f ? tcsKUd edrm® e&wdewfjynfç tcsKUd
wkow d mewfjynfç tcsKUd pwkr[m&mZfewfjynfü jzpfMuuke\ f -[lí
jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrlonf/
xkdrSwpfyg; tavmif;awmf [wådygv ½Sif&aohpaom
avmuDynm½Sd yk*¾KdvfwkdY\ tqkH;tr Mo0g'-[kqkdtyfaom
avmud,o'¨r®-ukd vkdufemMuukefaom wynfhom0uaygif;
rsm;pGmwkdY\ ewfjynfç jA[®mjynf[kqkdtyfaom ok*wdb0wkdYü
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 149
jzpfMuaMumif;ukdvnf; xkdxkdusrf;*efwkdYü jyqkdvsuf ½Sdav\/
or®moarÁm"dç yapöuaAm"dç om0uaAm"d-[k qkdtyfaom
aAm"d 3-yg;qkukd jznfhusifhMuukefaom tavmif;awmf 3-rsKd;wkdY
onfvnf; terw*¾-oHo&m urÇmtpOftqufrSm urÇmapmifh
w&m;aumif; BuD;awG[kqkdtyfaom avmud,o'¨r®-rsm;ukd
a½SUoGm;jyKvyk f jznfu h sijhf cif; tm;jzifo h mvQif yg&rD&ifí h tqk;H pGeüf
rdrw
d Ydk &nf½, G f rSe;f xm;csut f wkid ;f qkid &f mqkid &f m aAm"doYdk a&mufí
yGifhay:Muavukef\/
þokdYvQif avmud,o'¨r®onfvnf; aumif;jcif; 3-
yg;ESi, hf OS o
f nf\ tjzpfaMumifh xku d of nfh tm;avsmpf mG oGmu©mw-
yifrnf\[lí qkdxkdufayonf/
omoeo'¨ r ®
omoeo'¨ r ® q k d o nf u m; m;-oknw[k qkdtyfaom cE¨mç
emrfç ½kyfç "mwfç tm,we-wkdYESifh pyfaomw&m;? vu©Pma&;
3-yg;ESihf pyfaomw&m;? r*fzv dk ef Ad mÁ ef[q
k t
dk yfaom avmukw&å m
w&m;ESifhpyfaom w&m;rsm;aywnf;/
tb,fusr;f *efrsm;üvmaom w&m;rsKd ;uJo h Ydk enf;qkv d Qi-f
tvkH;pkHaom tbd"r®myd#uwfç tvkH;pkHaom r[med'ge
okwçf tvk;H pkaH om ed'ge0*¾o, H w k çf tm,we0*¾o, H w k çf r[m0*¾
oH,w k ?f þokpYd aom usr;f wküYd a[mtyfaom w&m;rsKd ;uJo h w
Ydk nf;/
jyqkt
d yfNy;D aom usr;f wküYd a[mawmfrt l yfaom w&m;wkYd
onf omoeo'¨r-® wkYd rnfuek \ f ? xkd omoeo'¨r-® \ aumif;jcif;
3-yg;ESifh jynfhpkHykHukd a½S;ü jyqkdtyfcJhNyD/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 150
t"d y Ü g ,f w pf e nf ;
t"dyÜg,fwpfenf;tm;jzifh-þ jrwfpmG bk&m;\ omoem
awmfusr;f *ef[k qkt d yfaom yd#uwf ok;H bkw H üYdk avmud,o'¨r-®
[kqt dk yfaom urÇmapmifh w&m;awmfBu;D rsm;ukv d nf; jrwfpmG bk&m;
xnfhoGif;í a[mMum;awmfrltyfukef\/
tb,fhaMumifh a[mMum;awmfrlygoenf;qkdvQif-
1/ xkdavmud,o'¨r®-wkdYü tcsKdUaom w&m;wkdYonf þ
omoemawmf"r®\ tm'djA[®p&d,-ozG,fjzpfí yxr tajccH
usifh&efw&m;rsm; jzpfMuukef\/
2/ tcsKdUaom w&m;wdkYonf 0dyóemudkvG,fulpGm aqmif
½GufEdkif&eftaMumif; jzpfukef\/
3/ tcsdKUaom w&m;wdkYonf rsufarSmufb0ü csrf;ompGm
cHpm; okH;aqmifíaejcif;iSm aqmif½Guf Muukef\/
4/ tcsdKUaom w&m;wdkYonf omoe"r®\ jynfhpkHjcif;ukd
ñTejf ywwfuek \ f /
xdkYaMumifh xdkavmud,o'¨r®-rsm;udk jrwfpGmbk&m;onf
omoemawmfusrf;wdkYü xnfhoGif;í a[mawmfrl&avonf/
odkYjzpfí þomoeo'¨r®-onf avmud,o'¨r®-tm;jzifh
tpüaumif;jcif;½S\ d ? ½kyçf emrfç cE¨mç tm,we-w&m;ç y#dpo ö rkygÜ 'f
w&m;ponfwüYkd tpOfojd rifjcif; xd;k xGi;f íodjrifjcif;-wnf;[laom
todÓPftxl;udk &½Sdjcif;tm;jzifh tv,füaumif;jcif;½Sd\?
zdv
k w
f nf;[laom 0drw k çdå edAmÁ efwnf; [laom 0drw k &då oudk &½Sjd cif;
tm;jzifh tqkH;ü aumif;jcif;½Sd\-[lívnf; qdktyf\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 151
tMuifbmom t,l0g'wdkYü urÇmOD;rSpí tpOftquf
qif;oufívmaomavmud,o'¨r®-rsm;onf r½Sd? xdkbmom
t,l0g'wdüYk oGmu©mw-*kPEf iS hf jynfph aHk omw&m;\ r½Sjd cif;aMumifh
vltaygif;wdkYudk rsm;aomtm;jzifh tyg,fbkHü jynfhESufjcif;udkom
jzpfapukef\-[lí rSwftyf\/
qd k z G , f & mtxl ; ½S d j yef o nf u m;
vlwdkYtoufwrf; &Snfvsm;aom uyfurÇmumvwdkYü yGifh
awmfrlMuukefaom bk&m;&SifwdkYonf xdkacwftcg urÇmavmu
tay:ü avmud,o'¨r®-[kqdktyfaom urÇmapmifhw&m;BuD;rsm;
xif&Sm;½Sd aeMuukefaomaMumifh vlç ewfç jA[®m owå0gwdkYtm;
w&m;"r® a[mjy oGefoifawmfrlaomtcg omoemwGif; ESifh
oufqdkifaom omoeo'¨r®-w&m;ppfBuD;rsm;udkomvQif a[m
Mum;awmfrlMuukef\? avmud,o'¨r®-rsdK;rsm;udk a[mMum;awmf
rl&ef aMumifhMupdkufawmf rrlMu&ukef/
wynfhom; &[ef;wdkYtm; odu©myk'fynwfawmfrljcif;ü
vnf; uif;aomaMumifhMujcif; ½SdawmfrlMuukef\/
taMumif;udkqdkaomf-
xdkacwftcg umvorÜwådESifh BuHKBudKufojzifh urÇm
apmifhjzpfaom avmuDvuf½dk; w&m;BuD;rsm;vnf; xGef;um;
vsuf ½ S d a eqJ j zpf \ ? xd k w &m;rsd K ;ud k txl ; a[mMum;&ef r vd k ?
avmud,o'¨r®-BuD;awG xGef;um;aeqJtcgjzpfí &[ef;awmfwdkY
onfvnf; yuwdoabmtm;jzifh pifMu,fjynfhpkHíaeMuukef\?
xdok pYkd ifMu,fjynfph í Hk um,uHç 0pDuH vkNH cKH aom &[ef;wdt Yk m;vnf;
odu©myk'fudk ynwf&ef taMumif;vnf; ray:aygufEdkif/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 152
xdkYaMumifh touf&Snfaom acwfü yGifhawmfrlMuaom
jrwfpGmbk&m;wdkYonf omoeo'¨r®-oufoufudkom a[mMum;
awmfrlMu&ojzifh enf;yg;aomudpö ½SdawmfrlMuukef\/
a*gwr Ak'¨ omoem
a*gwrjrwfpGmbk&m;onfum; vlwdkYtoufwrf; tvGefwdk
aomumv qkwu f yfxüJ yGiahf wmfrl &\? nHzh si;f aomacwfumv
tcgESifh BuHKBudKufojzifh avmud,o'¨r®-BuD;rsm;vnf; rsm;aom
tm;jzifh aysmufuG,fwdrfjrKyfqJjzpf\? vltaygif;wdkYonfvnf;
aomif;usef;qdk;oGrf;Muukef\/
xdaYk Mumifh jrwfpmG bk&m;onf vlç ewfç jA[®m-owå0gwdt Yk m;
w&m;a[mawmfrla[mtcg wdrfjrKyf rSdefarS;íaeaom avmud,
o'¨r®-Bud;rsm;udkvnf; tvGefta&;BuD;pGm a[mMum;awmfrl&rnfh
tcGifhESifh BuHKBudKufvsuf ½Sdaeawmfrl\/
xdkYaMumifh w&m;a'oemudpöjzifh avmud,o'¨r®-ukd
a[mawmfrl&onfu wpfzufç omoeo'¨r®-ukda[mawmfrl&
onfuwpfzufaMumifh tvGew f Bu;D aMumifMh upku
d af wmfr&l av\/
1/ avmud,o'¨r®-ukd xkwfazmf a[mawmfrl&\/
2/ omoeo'¨r®-ukdvnf; wnfaxmifawmfrl&\/
3/ aomif;usef;qkd;oGrf;aom acwfumvtwGif;jzpfí
&[ef;awmfwt Ydk m;vnf; odum© yk'f ynwfawmfr&l eftwGuf tvGef
yif aMumifhMupkdufawmfrl&av\/
(þuJhokdYvQif w&m;awmf\ uvsmP 3-yg;ESifh
jynfhpkHaMumif;ukdod&m\/)
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 153
ar;/ urÇmapmifh avmud,o'¨r-® Bu;D rsm;onf avmu
ü rsm;aomtm;jzifh tb,fumvwGif aysmufuG,fjcif;okdY a&muf
ygoenf;/
ajz/ rdpäm'd|dwkdYjzpfay:vmaom tcgrSpí urÇmapmifh
w&m; vufa[mif;BuD;rsm; a&mufMuavukefonf/
ar;/ tb,ftcgupí avmuü rdpmä 'd|w d Ydk jzpfay:Mu
ukeof enf;/
ajz/ vlwkdY tESpfwpfaxmifwrf;okdYa&mufaom tcgrSpí
avmuü arSmufrSm;ç azmufjyefaom t,l&SdMuukefaom rdpäm'd|d
&[ef;ç ykPÖm;wkdY ay:Muukefonf[lí puú0wåd-okwfü a[m
awmfrl\/
ar;/ rdpäm'd|d-[lonf tb,fenf;/
ajz/ rd p ä m 'd | d t ,l r sKd ; onf 10-yg;½S d \ / 10-yg;[l
onfum;-
1/ tvSL\ tusKd;onf r½Sd/
2/ ,ZfBuD; ylaZmfrI(tvSLyGJBuD;)\ tusKd;onfr½Sd/
3/ ,Zfi,fylaZmfrI(tvSLi,f) \tusKd;onfr½Sd/
4/ ukokdvfuHç tukokdvfuHwkdY\ tusKd;onfr½Sd/
5/ þypöKyÜef avmuvnf;r½Sd/
6/ wrvDefaumvnf; r½Sd/
7/ trd-[lívnf; r½Sd/
8/ tz-[lívnf; r½Sd/
9/ ewfç jA[®m-ponfwu Ydk o hJ Ydk Oyygwfy*k K¾ v
d [
f íl vnf; r½S/d
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 154
10/ tMuify*k K¾ v d w
f o
Ydk nf þypöKyeÜ af vmuukv d nf;aumif;ç
wrvGefavmuukdvnf;aumif;ç ukd,fwkdifxkd;xGif;odjrifí rsuf
arSmufjyKMuukeNf y;D vQif a[mMum;Muuke\ f ? xkod Ydk avmuESp&f yfudk
twwf odjrif a[mMum;Ekdifí tnDtnGwf aumif;pGmusifhaom
xkd&[ef;ç ykPÖm;wkdYonfvnf; avmuü r½Sd/
(þonfvQif rdpäm'd|dt,lBuD; 10-rsKd;aywnf;/
'o0w¬Ku rdpäm'd|d-vnf; ac:onf/)
xkdrdpäm'd|dBuD;awG ay:aygufonfrSpí avmud,o'¨r®-
urÇmapmifh vuf½;dk aumif; w&m;a[mif; Bu;D rsm;onf tpGet f zsm;
jzpfaom wkdif;EkdifiHç Zeyk'fwkdYü tvkH;pkH uG,faysmufMuavukef\/
urÇm\ tv,fA[kdjzpfí olawmfaumif;wkdY xGef;um
&mjzpfaom rZÑdrwkdufBuD;twGif;üvnf; rsm;aomtm;jzifh uG,f
aysmufMuavukeo f nfomjzpf\? wpfcgwpf&H bk&m;tavmif;awmf
BuD;rsm; ay:aygufvmaom tcgüomvQif bk&m;yGifhawmfrlaom
tcguJo h Ydk Bu;D pGmaom or®m'd|d acwfumvBu;D ay:aygufívm\/
wpfyg;wpfyg;aom bk&m;tavmif;awmfBuD;wkdY\ qkH;r
Mo0g' a'oemonf ESpfaygif; 6-aomif; wnfxGef;\-[lí
t|uxmwkdYü qkd\/
tMuif wkdif;EkdifiH Zeyk'fwkdYü xkdurÇmapmifh w&m;aumif;
w&m;rSefMuD;rsm;onf tvkH;pkHuG,f aysmufav\? xkd wkdif;EkdifiH
Zeyk'fwkdYü tMuifvltaygif;wkdYonf xkdrdpäm'd|d t,lqkd;BuD;
wkdYukdomvQif pGJvrf;,liif usifhBuHMuukef\xkdvltaygif;wkdYonf
Oapä''d|d-wkdYomvQif jzpfMuavukef\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 155
Oapä''d|d- t,l½SdMuavukefaomaMumifh aemifwrvGef
avmuukd r,kHMunfonfhtwGuf xkdwrvGef avmutvkdYiSg
ukodkvfaumif;rIjyK&ef aMumifhMurpkdufMuukef? xkdolwkdYonf
pifppftm;jzifh tyg,fokdYom vm;Muavukef\/
xkdOapä' 'd|dukdrpGJvrf;Muukefonf½Sdaomf oów'd|dukd
,liifpv JG rf;Muuke\ f ? oów'd|rd mS wrvGef avmuukd ,kMH unf
\/ xkdwrvGefavmutwGuf aMumifhMupkdufMuygukefaomfvnf;
w&m;aumif; w&m;rSefrSuif;í uHukd,kHMunfaom ur®ud&d,
ÓPfrsupf d uG,Mf uukeaf omaMumifh ruk;d uG,x f u
dk &f mü uk;d uG,f
&m[lí ½SmrSD;rSwfxifíaeMuavukef\/
(þt&mü ukd;uG,fonf-[laompum;rSm o&P*kHuJhokdY
oHo&mab;rS u,fwifvdrfhrnf[k xifrSwfí ukd;uG,fjcif;ukd
qkvd odk nf/)
1/ tcsdKUaom olwkdYonf avmuukd tpkd;&aom t½Sifukd
qnf;uyfukd;uG,fMuukef\/
2/ tcsKUd aom olwo Ydk nf r[mjA[®mBu;D ukd uk;d uG,f qnf;
uyfMuuke\ f /
3/ tcsKad om olwo Ydk nf v-ukçd ae-ukçd r[ma'0-paom
rdrdwkdYqkdif&m ewfwkdYukdç awmukdç awmifukdç opfyifBuD;ukdç jrpfukd
uk;d uG,Mf uuke\ f /
xkdtvkH;pkHaom ukduG,frIrsm;onf wpfpkHwpfckrS tusKd;ukd
r&apEkdifaomaMumifh ed&w¬u-tcsnf;EDS;wkdYom jzpfukef\? tm;
ukd;ygaomfvnf; ukd;uG,f&mra&muf jzpfMuavukef\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 156
rdrw
d Ydk xifjrifpv
JG rf;aomtwkid ;f uk;d uG,&f mwkuYd dk uk;d uG,f
í qkawmif;jcif;ç csD;rGrf; axmremjyKjcif;ç ezl;ajrpkdufESifh cpm;
0yfwGm;jcif;ç ylaZmfvkyfauR;jcif;ç wifo-jcif;paom udpöwkdYjzifh
wpfouf umvywfv;Hk yifyef;Mu;D pGm tm;xkwMf uygukeaf omfvnf;
yifyef;umrQEiS hf tzwfwifcí H aovGef pkwu d saomtcg uk;d uG,f
&mrJhaom aojcif;jzifh aojcif;qkd; aoMu&ukef\? woufvkH;
wyifwyef;MuD; cpm;ylaZmf&NyD;aom aemufumvü tyg,f'k*¾wd
okdYom vm;Mu&avukef/
EGm;r\ OD;csKdzsm;ukd EkdY&nfxGufrnftxifESifh n§pfaom
ol½;l \ tcsn;f ES;D yifyef;jcif;uJo h v
Ydk nf;aumif;ç rD;ukd tvk½d o dS jzifh
ykd;pkef;MuL;ukd tyef;MuD;pGm aumuf½kd;jzifh rD;rIwfaom ol½l;uJhokdY
vnf;aumif;ç qDukd tvkd½Sdojzifh oJwkdYukd qDyGwfaom ol½l;uJhokdY
vnf;aumif; jzpfMu&avukef\/
rZÑdra'oü rlvwkdif;&if;om;jzpfaom [dE´KvlrsKd;wkdYonf
um; r[mjA[®mBuD;ukdvnf;aumif;ç tyg;aom ukd;uG,f&mwkdYukd
vnf;aumif;ç qnf;uyfukd;uG,fMuukefaomfvnf; urÇmOD;upí
tpOftquf rd½kd;zvm qif;oufívmaom uHçuH\tusKd;ukd
,kMH unfaom ur®u&d , d 0g'-ukd rpGev Yf w
T Mf uuke?f yknud&,d 0w¬Kudk
vnf; jyKMuukef\/
þokdYvQif vlwkdY\ tESpf wpfaxmifwrf;tcg rdpä'd|dwkdY
jzpfay:xGe;f um;onfrpS í avmud, o'¨r-® Bu;D onf tqifq h ifh
tpOftwkdif; qkwf,kwfí vmav\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 157
a*gwrAk'¨jrwfpGmbk&m; vufxufawmf tcgürlum;-
1/ ykPmÖ ;[kac:aom jAm[®PvlrsK;d wko Yd nf txl;xl;aom
rdpäm'd|dusrf;*efwkdYukdomvQif trSDo[JjyKí aeMuukef\/
2/ tdrf&mraxmifbJ &aoh &[ef; ZmwdESifh ½SdaeMuukef
aom olwkdYonfvnf; bmom0g'wkdYü awG;awmjcif;ç pkHprf;jcif;-
tm;jzifh 0dpdudpämw&m; wvkH;axG;axG;ESifh t,ltxl;xl;½Sdaom
rdpäm'd|dwkdYomvQif jzpfukef\/
3/ tdr&f maxmifaom vlUabmifüaexkid Mf uukeaf om rif;rsK;d ç
ol a X;rsKd ; ç uk e f o nf r sKd ; wk d Y o nf u m; rd r d w k d Y E S i f h p yf v sOf ; &m
yl&Puóy-tp&Sdukefaom wdw¬dq&mBuD; 6-OD;wdkYudkomvQif
qnf;uyf udk;uG,fMuukefí rsm;aomtm;jzifh rdpäm'd|d trsdK;rsdK;
wdkYomvQif jzpfaeMuavukef\/
a*gwrAk'¨jrwfpGmbk&m;onf tvGefBuD;us,f xlxyfvS
pGmaom rdpäm'd|dawmBuD;xJrS xl;uJpGm bk&m;tjzpfodkY a&muf
awmfrv l m&onf/
xdkYaMumifh--
1/ rdpäm'd|dwdkY\ vTrf;rdk;csufaMumifh ysufpD;wdrfjrKyfae
aom]]avmud,o'¨r®}} urÇmapmifh vuf½kd; w&m;a[mif;BuD;
w&m;aumif;Bu;D wdu Yk kd wpfzef topfjzpfxeG ;f ay:aygufvm&av
atmif rsm;pGm aMumifhMupdkufawmfrljyD;vQif w&m;a[mawmfrljcif;
udpöü vGefrif;pGm BudK;pm;awmfrl&\/
2/ udavomw&m;wdkY jyefYyGm; aomif;usef;aom acwf
twGif;rSmjzpfay:awmfrlvm&aomaMumifhvnf; &[ef;wdkYtwGuf
ESihf odum© yk'af wmf trsKd ;rsKd ;udk ynwfawmfr&l jcif;udpüö vnf; rsm;pGm
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 158
aMumifhMupdkufawmfrl&av\/
jyqdktyfNyD;aom pum;tpOfudk qifjcifaomtm;jzifh
xdkavmud,o'¨r®-onf þjrwfpGmbk&m;\ omoemawmf"r®ü
tm'duvsmP-[kqt kd yfaom tp\aumif;jcif;jzpfru
I kd aumif;pGm
odtyfav ownf;/
oGmu©mw *kPfawmf NyD;\/
--------
oE´ d | d u *k P f a wmf
omrH twåed '|AÁEÅd oE´d|H/ omrH? udk,fwdkif? twåed?
rdro
d EÅmefü/ '|AÁ?H ½Ityfjriftyfonfwnf;/ £wdwo®m? xdaYk Mumif/h
oE´d|H? oE´d|rnf\/
olwpfyg;ajyma[mcsufESifh r,kHMunfrlí udk,fwdkif'd|
xifxif½Sm;½Sm; awGYjriftyfonfukd oE´d|[k qdkonf/
oE´d|H omrnzvH {wómwd oE´d|daum/ {wó?
xdkw&m;awmftm;/ oE´d|H? udk,fwdkif'd| awGYBuKH cHpm;&aom/
omrnzvH? &[ef;tjzpf\ tusK;d ç r*f\tusK;d onf/ tw¬?d ½S\ d /
£wd-wo®m? xdkYaMumifh/ aom? xdkw&m;awmfonf/ oE´d|daum?
oE´d|du rnf\/
rsufarSmuf'd| awGYBuKHcHpm;&aom &[ef;tjzpf\tusKd;ç
r*f\tusKd;½SdaomaMumifh oE´d|du rnf\- [lí qdkvdkonf/
omrn qdkaom pum;ü-
&[ef;tjzpfudkvnf;aumif;ç t&d,r*fudkvnf;aumif;
omrnqdkonf? xdkomrn\ tusKd;onf omrnzv rnf\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 159
þw&m;awmfudk usifhaqmifvQif rsufarSmuf'd|tm;jzifh &[ef;
jzpfrI\ tusKd;ç odkYr[kwf r*f\tusKd;rsm;udk cHpm;&onf-[lí
qdvk okd nf/
þoE´d|du-[laom *kPfyk'fudk oDvu©efygVdawmf omrn
zvokwfü tus,ftm;jzifh jyqdkvsuf½Sd\? xdkomrnzvokwfü
&[ef;\tjzpftusKd;ç t&d,r*f\ tusKd;rsm;udk oE´d|du-[lí
qd\
k /
þ*k P f a wmf t &mürl u m;
&[ef;\tjzpfç t&d,r*f-[laom taMumif;w&m;udkom
oE´d|du-[lí qdkonf? omrnESifh onrmzv-onf tcsif;csif;
rauGruGif;Edkifaom w&m;rsm; jzpfMuayonf/
xdkomrnzvokwfü tZmwowfrif;onf rsufarSmufü
'd|awGYBuKHcHpm;&aom &[ef;tjzpf\ tusKd;[k qdktyfaom
omrnzvudk ar;avQmufav\/
jrwfpGmbk&m;onf þokdY ajzMum;awmfrlonf/
wpfOD;aom rif;ca,musfm;onf toifrif;BuD;udk ryef
Mum;bJ omoemabmifü &[ef;jyKav\? rif;BuD; odavaomf
xdrk if;ca,musmf ;ü tb,foYkd jyKp&D ifrnfenf;qdv k Qif wpfpwHk pf&m
'Pfxm;jcif; ponf trIudkrjyK&m? pifppfrlum; rif;onfomvQif
xdk&[ef;udk ½Sdcdk;jcif;ç c&D;OD;BudKqdkjcif;ç ae&may;jcif;ç ypönf; 4-yg;
wdkYjzifh zdwfrHjcif;udk jyK&m\? xdk&[ef;tm; w&m;ESifhavsmfaom
tapmifhta½Smufudk ay;í pD&if&m\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 160
(þonfum; &[ef;jyKavaom xdkrif;ca,musfm;ü
'd|awGYBuKH cHpm;&aom &[ef;jzpfrI\ tusKd;aywnf;/)
&[ef;rjyKrD a½S;tzdkYü rif;BuD;udk rdrdu ½Sdcdk;&\? &[ef;
tjzpfodkY a&mufaomtcg rdrdudk rif;BuD;u ½Sdcdk;&av\/ rif;\
½Sdcdk;jcif;udk cH&av\- [lí a[mawmfrl\/
þomrnzvokwüf - &[ef;tjzpfudk omrn-[lí qd\ k ?
&[ef;tjzpfodkY a&mufonfESifh wNydKifeuf cHpm;&aom tusKd;
tmedoif-[lí qdkonf? þrQonfomvQif tusKd;½Sdonf r[kwf
ao;-
pif p pf a omf u m;- rsm;vSpGmaom umr*kPf\ tjypf
a'go=tm'De0wdu Yk kd y,f½mS ;í csr;f ompGm ae&jcif; wnf;[laom
tusKd;onfvnf; &[ef;tjzpfodkY a&mufonfESifhwNyKdifeuf udk,f
awGY'd| awGYBuKHcHpm; &aom omrnzv-wdkYomvQif jzpfukef\/
þae&mü rlvyPÖmo ygVdawmf wwd,0*f plV'ku©u©E¨-
okwçf r[m'kuu © E© -¨ okwçf rZÑrd yPÖmo ygVdawmf pwkw-¬ okww f üYkd
a[mawmfrltyfaom umr*kPfwdkY\ tjypfa'gowdkYudk xkwfjy
oifh\? us,ftHhpdk;í rjyawmhNyD/
þodkYvQif jrwfpGmbk&m;\ omoemawmf"r®onf rsuf
arSmuf'|d ü cHpm;awGBY uK&H aom csr;f omtusK;d xl; ½Sad vaomaMumifh
oE´d|du rnavonf/
oE´d|du *kPfawmfNyD;\/
--------
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 161
tumvd u *k P f a wmf
tm*arwaAÁm tem*aw ba0 zvumavm {wómwd
umvdaum/
{wó? xd k w &m;tm;/ tem*aw ba0? aemif
tem*wfb0ü/ tm*arwaAÁm? qdik ;f iHh arQm&f aom/ zvumavm?
tusKd;ay;csdefonf/ tw¬d? ½Sd\/ £wd-wo®m? xdkYaMumifh/ aom
"ar®m? xdkw&m;onf/ umvdaum? umvdu-rnf\/
aoonf\ tjcm;rJhjzpfaom aemufumvü tusKd;ay;
vdrfhrnf[lí xifpm;arQmfvifh&aom wdw¬dwdkY\ w&m;udk &ap/
xdk tnwdw¬dwdkY\ w&m;onf umvdu rnf\/
e umvdaum tumvdaum/ umvdaum? aemifumv
tusK;d ay;csed u
f kd arQmv
f if&h aom w&m;rsK;d onf/ e? r[kw/f £wd-
wo®m? xdkYaMumifh/ tumvdaum? tumvdu rnf\/ jrwfpGm
bk&m;\ w&m;awmfu&kd ap/ xdjk rwfpmG bk&m;\ w&m;awmfjrwfonf
þrsufarSmufb0üyif usifhokH; aqmufwnfaom tcgrSpí
usifhpifvrf;½Sdonfhtwdkif; tqihfqifh &oifh&xdkufaom ]]omr
nzv}} 'd| tusK;d xl;ç 'd|csr;f omxl;udk ay;wwf\? xdo k Ydk tcgrvifh
tusKd;xl;ç csrf;omxl;udk ay;wwfaomaMumifh jrwfpGmbk&m;\
w&m;awmfonf tumvdu rnf\/
umvduç tumvdu-pum;ESifhpyfí rm&oH,kwfü vm
aom okwåefudk xkwfaqmifí jytyf\/
wpf&Haomtcg bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf
oDv0wdrnfaomXme awmifacsmufMum;wdkYü oDwif;okH;awmf
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 162
rlaomtcg rsm;pGmaom&[ef;wdkYonfvnf; bkef;awmfBuD;aom
jrwfpGmbk&m;\ reD;ra0;aom t&yfXmeü rarhravsmh rylryif
uRwfuRwfvGwfvGwf ur®|mef;w&m;udk BudK;pm;tm;xkwfí ae
awmfrlMuukef\/
xdktcg ,kwfrmaom rm&fewfom;onf ykPÖm;toGif
zefqif;NyD;vQif vmvwfí xdk&[ef;wdkYudk þodkYqdkav\/
'[a&m b0aEÅ m yAÁ Z d w m ted u d v d w m0d a em
umarok? bkOEÆ KÅ abmaEÅm rmEkóau umar? rm oE´|d u d H
[dwGm umvduH tEk"m0dw¬/
b0aEÅm? t½Sif&[ef;wdkY/ wkar? t½SifwdkYonf/ '[&m?
ysKd rspEf ek ,f t½G,if ,fi,fw;Hk u/ yAÁZw d m? &[ef;jyKívmMuuke\ f /
umarok? umr*kPw f üYkd / teduv d wd m0daem? ouf0ifaysmyf g; cHpm;
½Tif;jrL;cJhMuzl;onf r[kwfMuukef/
abmaEÅm? t½Siw f /Ykd rmEkóau umar? vlUjynfüjzpfaom
umr*kPfwdkYudk/ bkÍÆEÅK? okH;aqmif cHpm;MuukefOD;avmh/ oE´d|duH?
'd|awGUBuKq H jJ zpfaom vlwu Ykd mr*kPcf sr;f omud/k [dwmG ? pGeyYf pfí/
umvdu?H tcsed u f mvapmifq h ikd ;f arQmv
f if&h aom ewfwuYkd mr*kPo f /Ykd
rm tEk"m0dw¬? pdwfajy;oGm;í raeMuukefvifh/
xdkrm&fewf\ pum;ü-
1/ oE´d|du-qdkonfrSm vlUbkHü awGUBuKHíaeaom vlwdkY
umr*kPfudk &nfíqdkonf/
2/ umvdu-qdo k nfrmS aoonfrS aemufumvü cHpm;&
rnfjzpfaom ewfwdkYumr*kPfudk &nfíqdkonf/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 163
rm&fewf\ txifrmS &[ef;ysKd wo Ykd nf aemufb0ü cHpm;&ef
arQmfvifh&aom ewfumr*kPfwdkYudk tvdk½SdaomaMumifh awGUBuKHí
aeaom vlwu Ykd mr*kPu
f kd pGeNYf y;D vQif awmxGuu f siBhf uí
H aeonf[k
xifojzifh þodkYqdkavonf/
xdktcg &[ef;wdkYu þodkYajymqdkMuukef\? tdkykPÖm;-
igwdkYonf 'd|awGUBuKH&aom vlwdkY umr*kPfudk pGefYí apmifhqdkif;
arQmfvifh&aom ewfwdkYumr*kPfodkY pdwfajy;oGm;í aeMuukef
onfr[kwf? igwdkYonf apmifhqdkif;arQmfvifh&aom umr*kPfwdkYudk
pGefYí rsufarSmuf'd| awGUBuKHcHpm;&aom omrnzv-&[ef;
tjzpf\ tusdK;xl;qDodkYomvQif pdwfajy;0ifí aeMuukef\/
tdyk P
k mÖ ;-umr*kPw f &m;wdo Yk nf pifppftm;jzifh apmifq h ikd ;f
arQmfvifh&aom umvdu-wdkYrnfukef\-[lí jrwfpGmbk&m; a[m
Mum;awmfrl\? umr*kPfwdkYonf rsm;aom'ku©½Sdukef\? rsm;aom
yifyef;jcif;½Sdukef\/ þumr*kPfwdkYü tjypfwdkYonf tvGefrsm;
jym;uke\f /
tdkykPÖm;-þusifhBuHtm;xkwftyfaom &[ef;w&m;onf
rsufarSmuf'd| cHpm;tyfaom tusdK;&dS\? tcgrvifh tusdK;ay;
wwf\-[lí qdkMuukef\/
xdpk um;ü a&S;a&S;b0wdüYk uHujkd yKí aemufaemufb0wdüYk
&&SdcHpm;tyfukefaomaMumifh tvHk;pHkaom vlUumr*kPfç ewf
umr*kPfwdkYudk umvdu-[lí qdkonf/
(aemiftem*wfb0ü &&SdcHpm;&ef arQmfvifh&aom
w&m;rsK;d [líqdv k o
kd nf/)
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 164
þt&mü Ak'b ¨ momw&m;ESihf omoemawmfrS tyjzpfaom
tnwdw¬d,w&m; 2-yg;wdkY\ txl;udk jyqdkOD;tHh/
1/ umvdu-[líqdkvQif tusKd;udk apmifhqdkif; arQmfvifh&
aomw&m;/
2/ tumvdu-[líqdkvQif vufiif;'d|tusKd;ay;aom
Ak'¨bmomw&m;[lí rSwfav/
Ak'b
¨ momrSwyg;aom wdww ¬d \
Ykd w&m;onf umvdu-jzpf\?
Ak'¨bmom w&m;awmfjrwfonf tumvdu-jzpf\/
ar;/ wdww ¬d \
Ykd w&m;onf tb,foYkd umvdu-rsKd ;jzpf
oenf;/
ajz/ oGmu©mw-*kPfawmfwdkYwGif jyqdkcJhNyD;aom enf;
tm;jzifhwdwd¬wdkY\ w&m;ü tvHk;pHkjynfhpHkaom tusifhoDv[k
qdktyfaom jA[®p&d,-vnf; r&Sd? psmeformywf[k qdktyfaom
jA[®p&d,-vnf; r&Sd? avmukwå&mr*f[k qdktyfaom jA[®p&d,-
vnf; r&Sd? a&S;üjyqdkcJhNyD;aom avmud,o'¨r®-urÇmapmifh
w&m;aumif; w&m;rGefBuD;rsm;yifaomfvnf; r&SdMuukef/
xdkYaMumifh jyqdkcJhNyD;aom tqifhqifh rGefjrwfukefaom
rsufarSmufb0ü udk,fawGY'd| cHpm;tyfukefaom omrnzv-[k
qdktyfukefaomcsrf;omokcwdkYonfvnf; r&Sdukef? aoonfrS
tjcm;rJjh zpfaom aemufumvç aemufb0wdüYk txuf aumif;uif
bHkodkYa&mufí edpöcsrf;omç xm0&csrf;omudk &&SdcHpm;&vwHåU[lí
tNrJtpGJ rSwf,lNyD;vQif þypöKyÜefb0ü toufxufqHk; xm0&
t&Sifudkvnf;aumif;ç avmuudk tpdk;&aom £ó&t&Sifudk
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 165
vnf;aumif;ç r[mjA[®mBu;D udv k nf;aumif; *½kwpdu k f tyifwyef;
½dak onGww f mG ; cpm;qnf;uyfjcif; paomtwåuv d rxmEka,m*=
udk,fyifyef;aMumif;jzpfaom tusifhudk jyKusifhvdkufpm;½HkrQom
jzpf\/
Ak'¨omoemawmfrStyü udk;uG,f&m r[kwfonfwdkYudk
udk;uG,ftm;xm;&m0w¬KwdkY[lí rSwfxifMuukefNyD;vQif qkawmif;
jcif;tvkyfç 0yfwGm;cpm;jcif;tvkyfç csD;rGrf;axmremjcif; tvkyfydk
awGudk jyKusifh½HkrQomjzpf\/
xdkYaMumifh wdwd¬wdkY\ w&m;onf aemiftem*wfb0ü
arQmfvifh&aom tusdK;&Sdonfjzpfí umvdu-rnfownf;/
xdkwdwd¬w&m;rsm;\ aemiftem*wfb0ü arQmfvifh tm;
xm;&aomtusdK;qdkonfrSmvnf; xdkwdwd¬wdkY\ t&rf;rJh xifjrif
,HkMunf rSwf,lajymqdkjcif;\ tpGrf;tm;jzifhomvQif qdk&aom
pum;jzpf\/
pifppfrlum;-xdk wdwd¬wdkY\ w&m;rSm avmud,o'¨r®-
rsm;yifaomfvnf; r&SdavaomaMumifh xdkwdwd¬wdkY\ w&m;onf
teEÅ&b0ü tyg,fodkY aumif;aumif;BuD; ajzmifhajzmifhBuD; oGm;
&eftaMumif; oufoufrQomjzpfav\/
(xdwk wd w¬d \
Ykd w&m;onf aumif;uifbo kH Ykd arQmíf csed &f ,
G f
usifhBuHygaomfvnf; aoonfrS aemufumvü tyg,fbHkodkY iHkYí
ckefqif;Mu&ukef\-[lí qdkvdkonf/)
ar;/ Ak'b ¨ mom w&m;awmfonf tb,foYkd tumvdu
jzpfygoenf;/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 166
ajz/ Ak'¨bmom w&m;awmfrSmum; tm'duvsmP-[k
qdktyfaom avmud,o'¨r®-\qdkif&m aumif;jrwfaom tusifh
wdkYvnf; &Sdukef\? xdkavmud,o'¨r®-xuf vGefuJaom omoe
o'¨r®-wdkYürlum; jrifhjrwfaom jA[®p&d,-ESifh xdkjA[®p&d,-\
rsufarSmuf'd|jzpfaom tusdK;wdkYonfvnf; omoemawmf"r®\
vdk&if;oabmtaetm;jzifh xif&Sm;&SdMuukef\? xdkYaMumifh Ak'¨
bmom w&m;awmf jrwfonfum; tumvdu-tppf jzpfavonf/
þt&mü apm'empum; ajymMum;cGifh &SdonfrSm-
xdk Ak'¨bmomw&m;awmfjrwfü avmud,o'¨r®-rsm;vnf;
xif&mS ;yg0if &Sad eonf\tjzpfaMumifh xdak vmud,o'¨r-® aMumifh
vljzpfjcif;ç ewfjzpfjcif;ç jA[®mjzpfjcif;wdkYonfvnf; xif&Sm;&SdMu
uke\ f ? xdaYk Mumifh Ak'b
¨ momw&m;awmfonfvnf; tjcm;rJjh zpfaom
b0ü ok*wdbb kH 0odYk a&mufapwwfaom uHwu Ykd kd axmufqaom
tm;jzifh aemiftem*wfü arQmfvifhiHhpm;&aom umvdu-w&m;
rsKd ;yif jzpfíaeonf r[kwyf gavm-[lí apm'empum; ajymMum;
uke&f m\/
xdak pm'em pum;onf wpfpw d wf pfa'otm;jzifh rSeaf y\?
xdo k Ykd umvdu-rsKd ;yif jzpfapOD;awmh xdt k jcm;rJb
h 0ü ok*wdb0odYk
a&muf&vdrfhrnf-[k arQmfvifh&aom tusdK;onf omoe"r®-ü
vd&k if;r[kw?f rsuaf rSmuf'|d awGBY uKH &aom omrnzv oEd|´ u d -
wdo Yk mvQif Ak'b ¨ momw&m;awmfü vd&k if;tcsuf jzpf\? ynm&Sí d
yg&rDjynfMh uukeNf y;D aom yk*Kd¾ vjf rwfwo
Ydk nfum; xku d mvdu tusK;d iSg
usifhBuHtm;xkwfMuukefonf r[kwf? rsufjrif'd| awGUBuKH cHpm;
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 167
&aom tumvdu-tusKd;iSgomvQif usifhBuHtm;xkwfukefonf/
,cifjyqdck NhJ y;D aom rm&oH,w k üf &[ef;wdu Yk jyefajymaom
pum;wGif
umvduÍö acg r,H [dwGm oE´d|duH tEk"m0gr/
[lí qdkaom pum;udkaxmuf&m\/
acg? pifppf/ r,H? igwdkYonf/ umvduÍö? aemufb0ü
arQmv f ift
h m;xm;&aom umr*kPt f usKd ;ud/k [dwmG ? pGeíYf / oE´|d ud ?H
rsuaf rSmuf'|d awGUBuKH cpH m;&aom omrnzvtusKd ;odo Yk mvQi/f
tEk"m0gr? pdwfajy;0ifaomtm;jzifh usifhBuH tm;xkwfMuukef\/
odkYyif tumvdu-pifppfjzpfaomfvnf; tMuifyk*¾KdvfwkdY
onf tumvdu-tusKd;iSm usifhBuHukef\/ xkdyk*¾KdvfwkdYonf
r[ma*g0dE´okwfü qkdtyfNyD;aom enf;tm;jzifh tvkH;pkHaom
þomoeo'¨r®-ukdxkd;xGif;í odjrifaygufa&mufMuukef&Sdaomf
tumvdu-tusKd;tvkH;pkHukd &&SdMuavukef\/
tvk;H pkH rxk;d xGi;f raygufa&mufEikd af om yk*Kd¾ vw f o Ykd nfum;
wpfpdwf wpfa'ojzpfaom tumvdu-tusdK;udk&í þb0ü
ok*wdbo Hk Ykd a&mufapwwfaom uH\tpGr;f tm;jzifh tjcm;rJb h 0ü
ok*wd bkHodkYom vm;Mu&avukef\/
omoemawmfo'¨r®-onf atmufxpfqkH;tm;jzifh ok*wd
bkb H 0odYk vm;apEdik \ f ? rsuaf rSmuf'|d tumvdu tusKd ;udk &&Sad p
Edik af om w&m;trSet f ppfyif jzpfaomfvnf; usiahf qmiftm;xkwf
aom yk*¾dKvfwdkY\ yg&rDtEkt&ifh ÓPftEkt&ifh tEkefYtxufodkY
vdkufí tusdK;udkjzpfapEdkif\? aqmif;Owkonf trSefat;onf
qdkaomfvnf; tonf;toef tzsm;wufí aeaomoludk at;jr
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 168
apvdrfhrnf r[kwfouJhodkYwnf;/
apm'em&ef &S d j yef o nf r S m
þAk'¨bmomw&m;awmfüvnf; tMuifyk*¾dKvfwdkYonf
aumif;pGmrusifhMuukef? xdkyk*¾dKvfwdkY\ tpGrf;tm;jzifh tyg,fodkY
oGm;jcif;wdkYvnf; xif&Sm;&SdMuukefonf/
xdkpum;rSef\? xdkodkY tyg,fodkYvm;Muukef&mü aumif;pGm
rusiMhf uukeaf om olw\ Ykd tjypfa'go-omvQijf zpf\? Ak'b ¨ mom
w&m;awmf\ tjypfr[kwfacs? odkYjzpfí aumif;pGm rusifhBuHMu
ukefaom olwdkY\ tyg,fodkY vm;rItwGufaMumifh Ak'¨bmom
w&m;awmfudk tjypfqdk&ef taMumif; r[kwfacs/
Oyrm- jy'g;"mwfç oH"mwfwo Ykd nf aumif;pGmpD&ifEikd af om
olwdkYtm; "eod'¨dç tm,kod'¨d-paom udpörsm;udk NyD;pD;apEdkif\?
aumif;pGm rpD&ifwwfbJ okH;pGJaomolwdkYtm; tjypfudkjzpfap
wwf\? xdo k Ykd tjypfujkd zpfaprIü jy'g;"mwfç oH"mwfwu Ykd kd tjypfqkd
xdu
k of nfr[kw?f aumif;pGm rpD&ifEikd af omyk*K¾ v d \
f tjypfomvQif
jzpfavouJhodkYwnf;/
emeu©Pu d ur®ypön;f t&mü-r*f 4-yg;ü&Sad om apwem
onf tjcm;rJhjzpfaom zdkvf 4-yg;tm; teEÅ&ç oreEÅ&-paom
owåjd zifah us;Zl;jyKí tusKd ;jzpfapjcif;onfvnf; w&m;awmfjrwf\
tcgrvifh tusdK;ay;aom tumvdu-*kPfawmftpGrf;yifjzpf\-
[lí-qdMk uuke\ f /
tumvdu *kPfawmf NyD;\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 169
{[d y ód u *k P f a wmf
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 170
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 171
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 172
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 173
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 174
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 175
(þum; yó-[laom tpDt&ifudk jyaom
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 176
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 177
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 178
Ak'¨bmom w&m;awmfjrwfBuD;onf vmvSnfhç ½IvSnfh-
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EId;aqmftyfaom/ a,m p? tMuifolonfvnf;/ w'w¬m,?
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 179
xkdEId;aqmf wkdufwGef;tyfaom twkdif;/ y#dyZÆwd? usifhBuHtm;
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EId;aqmfwkdufwGef;tyfaom olwkdYonf/ A[kH? rsm;pGm/ tyknH?
raumif;rIukd/ yo0EÅd? yGm;atmif qnf;yl;Muukef\/
wH? xkdokdYjzpf&jcif;onf/ udó a[wk? tb,ftaMumif;
aMumifeh nf;[lru l m;/ bdua© 0? &[ef;wk/Yd "r®ó? rdpmä w&m;rsm;\/
'k&u©mwwåm? raumif;ojzifh a[mMum;tyfaom w&m;rsm;
jzpfavaomaMumifhwnf;/
bdua© 0? &[ef;wk/Yd oGmu©maw? aumif;pGm a[mMum;tyf
aom/ "r®0dea,? okwfç tbd"r®mç 0denf;awmf- [kqkdtyfaom
omoemawmfjrwfürlum;/{0H uaw? þoko Yd rd ;f oGi;f EI;d aqmfjcif;ç
usifh aqmifjcif;ukd jyKtyfonf½Sdaomf/ A[kH? rsm;pGm/ yknH?
ukokdvfaumif;rIukd/ yo0EÅd? yGm;rsm;Muukef\/ wH? xkdokdYjzpfjcif;
onf/ udó a[wk? tb,ftaMumif;aMumifhenf;[lrlum;/
"r®ó? okwçf 0denf;ç tbd"r®m-[kqt dk yfaom w&m;awmfjrwf\/
oGmu©mwwåm? aumif;pGm a[mMum;tyfaom oGmu©mw-*kPfESifh
jynfhpkHonf\ tjzpfaMumifhwnf;/
þae&mü qk d z G , f ½ S d o nf u m;
omoemawmfrS tyjzpfaom wdw¬dwkdYonf {[dyódu
*kPEf iS hf rjynfph aHk om rdrwd \ Ydk w&m; twGi;f okYd oGi;f aqmifMuuke\ f ?
rdrdwkdY omoemokdY0if&ef EId;aqmfwkdufwGef;Muukef\/
xkdokdY odrf;oGif; EId;aqmfaomtwkdif;vnf; xkd rdpäm
omoemokdY 0ifa&mufMuukefNyD;vQif rdpämw&m; enf;vrf;twkdif;
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 180
vkud ef mjyKusiMhf uuke\ f /
okdY&mwGif xkdrdpäm'd|domoemwkdYü csD;rGrf;ç tHhMoç ESpfoufç
jrwfE;dk avmufz, G jf zpfonfh "r®orÜwdå *kPf r½Sjd cif;aMumifh w&m;\
*kPfaus;Zl;wkdYukd nTefjyí EId;aqmfwkdufwGef; odrf;oGif;Muonf
r[kwu f ek /f
pifppfrlum;- m;-avmu rsuaf rSmufü toufarG;0rf; ausmif;
vG,ful&efjzpfaom avmuD vmbfvmb ypönf;ypö,ç 0w¬Ktm½kH
umr*kPfwkdYukd ckHrifwG,fwmavmufatmif Aef;jyí rdrdwkdY\
omoemwGif;okdY qGJaqmif odrf;oGif;Muukef\/
t,Íö avmaum a,bka,se tmrdo*½kaum0 a[mwd/
þavmuMuD;onf ypönf;y&du©&m vmbfoyfyum 5-
jzmtm½kH umr*kPfwnf;[laom tmrdo-ukdom tav;jyKavh
½So
d nfomvQijf zpf\/
{[dyódu *kPfawmfNyD;\/
----------
Moygae,sd u *k P f a wmf
Oaypö e,eH Oyea,m/ Oaypö? uyfí e,eH? aqmifjcif;
wnf;/ Oyea,m? uyfíaqmifjcif;/
rdro d v
Ydk nf;aumif;ç olwpfyg;okv Yd nf;aumif; uyfí w&m;
ukdaqmifjcif;ç nTefMum;jyojcif;aywnf;? rdrdukd,fokdY w&m;ESifh
uyfjcif;ç olwpfyg;ukd w&m;ESifhuyfjcif; qkdvkdonf/
twå L ye,H 0g y½l y e,H 0g umwk H t&[wD w d
Moyge,daum/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 181
a,m "ar®m? tMuifw&m;onf/ twåLye,H 0g? rdrdqDokdY
uyfaqmifjcif;ukdvnf;aumif;/ y½lye,H 0g? olwpfyg;qDokdY
uyfaqmifjcif;ukdvnf;aumif;/ umwkH? jyKjcif;iSg/ t&[wd?
xkduf\/ £wd-wo®m? xkdYaMumifh/ aom"ar®m? xkdw&m;onf/
Moye,sdaum? Moye,sdurnf\/
rdrdokdY uyfaqmifykH-þw&m;onf ig\oEÅmefü xif½Sm;
wnf½Sd\? igonfvnf; þw&m;ü wnf½Sd\? þokdYvQif rdrdqDokdY
w&m;ukduyfaqmifjcif;iSgç w&m;qDokdY rdrdukd uyfí aqmifjcif;iSg
vnf; xkduf\/
olwpfyg;okdY uyfaqmifykH-þw&m;onf þolü xif½Sm;
wnf½Sd\? þolonfvnf; þw&m;ü wnf½Sd\/ þokdYvQif
olwpfyg;qDoYdk w&m;ukçd w&m;qDoYdk olwpfyg;ukd uyfíaqmifjcif;
iSgvnf; xku d \f / xkaYd Mumifh w&m; awmfonf Moygae,du rnf\-
[lí qkdvkd\/
ar;/ tb,fhaMumifh uyfí aqmifjcif;ukd jyKjcif;iSg
xkud o f enf;/
ajz/ rMunfnKdao;ç o'¨gw&m;r½Sdao;aomolwkdY\
o'¨gw&m;ukd jzpfyGm;apaomaMumifhvnf;ç o'¨gw&m; jzpfyGm;
MunfnKNd y;D aom olwt Ydk m;vnf; w&m;awmfenf;vrf;½Sad omtwkid ;f
usiBhf ut H m; xkwjf cif;trIü ,SOaf pwwfaomaMumifv h nf;aumif;
w&m;awmfonf uyfí aqmifjcif;ukd jyKjcif;iSgxkduf\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 182
xif ½ S m ;pG m jyOD ; tH h
tMuifolwkdYonf þAk'¨bmomw&m;awmfjrwfü rMunf
nKdMuukef? tMuifolwkdYonfvnf; MunfnKdumrwåomvQif
jzpfMuukef\? w&m;awmfenf;vrf;½Sdaomtwkdif; rusifhaqmif
rvkduf ygMuukef? xkdolwkdYonf yk*¾KdvfESifh w&m;ukduyfí a[mjy
ojzifh Mum;em&aomtcg rMunfnKdaom olwkdYonfvnf; þ
w&m;awmfü o'¨gw&m; jzpfyGm;MunfnKdMuukef\/
MunfnKd½kHrQomjzpfí aumif;pGm rusifhMuHrvdkufemMu
aomolwo Ykd nfvnf; rdro d EÅmefü w&m;uyfapjcif;iSg usiBhf ut
H m;
xkwMf uuke\ f ? rdrq
d o
D Ykd w&m;ukd aqmifMuuke\f ? xdpk um;rSe\ f /
rZÑdryPÖmoygVdawmf 'kwd,0*fü]]wH uð rnwd tEk½k'¨}}
ponfjzifha[mawmfrlonf/
ygVd a wmf j ref r mjyef
tkd- tEk½k'¨g..igbk&m; rdefYqdkvwåHUaom pum;ukd oif
tb,fodkY rSwfxifoenf;/
jrwfpGmbk&m;onf tb,ftusdK;ukd jrifí wynfhom;
om0uwdkY pkwduG,fvGefaomtcg þrnfaom wynfhom;onf
þrnfaombkHü jzpfav\? þrnfaom wynfhom;onf þrnf
aom bküH jzpfav\-[lí Oyygwf bkb H 0wdüYk jzpfjcif;ukd ajymMum;
rdeYfqdkawmfrloenf;-[líjrwfpGm bk&m;ar;awmfrl\/
t½Sifbk&m;- w&m;awmfwdkYonf jrwfpGmbk&m;omvQif
taMumif;&if;½Syd guke\ f ? jrwfpmG bk&m;onf ajzMum;awmfral pcsif
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 183
yg\/ &[ef;taygif;wdkYonf rSwfom;aqmif½GufMuygukefvwåHU-
[lít½SiftEk½k'¨gu avQmufxm;av\/
tdk-tEk½k'¨g--MunfndK,kHMunfpGm o'¨gw&m;½SdMuukefaomç
rGefjrwfaom ESpfoufjcif;½SdMuukefaomç rGefjrwfaom 0rf;ajrmuf
jcif;½SdMuukefaom tMuiftrsdK;aumif;om;wdkYonf ½Sdukef\/
xdktrsdK;aumif;om;wdkYonf uG,fvGefaom wynfh om0u
wdkY\ OyygwfbkHü jzpfaMumif;ukd ajymMum;awmfrlaom xdkjrwfpGm
bk&m;\ pum;ukd Mum;Muukefonf½Sdaomf xkdOyygwf bkHb0odkY
a&mufaMumif;jzpfaom w&m;qDoYkd a½S;½IaqmifMuuke\ f ? usiBhf uH
tm;xkwMf uuke\ f ? xdt
k rsKd ; aumif;om;wd\ Yk xdok pYkd w
d u f dk w&m;qD
odaYk qmifjcif;onf ½Snjf rifph mG aomumvywfv;kH tusKd ;jzpfjcif;iSmç
csrf;omjcif;iSmç jzpfvwåHU [lí jrwfpGmbk&m; rdefMum;awmfrl\/
þodYk yk*Kd¾ vo f Ykd uyfaqmifí yk*Kd¾ vEf iS ,hf OS w
f í JG jytyfaom
w&m;awmfonf o'¨grJhaom olwdkYtm;vnf; o'¨gw&m;ukd
wdk;yGm;apwwf\? o'¨gw&m;½Sdygvsuf xdkw&m;ukd aumif;pGm
rusifhaqmifaom yk*¾dKvfwdkYtm;vnf; aumif;pGmusifhaqmif
jcif;udpEö iS hf ,SOaf p\/ usiBhf ut H m;xkwf ap\/ jrwfpmG bk&m;onf
tvHk;pkHaom owå0gwdkY\ a½S;OD;pGm þw&m;ukd ukd,fawmfjrwfodkY
uyfí aqmifNy;D rSomvQif owå0gwdt Yk m; a[mMum;nTejf y awmfr\ l /
ar;/ tb,fov Ykd Qif tvk;H pkaH om owå0gwd\ Yk a½S;OD;pGm
ukd,fawmfjrwfqDodkY w&m;ukduyfí aqmifNyD;í a[mMum;jyo
awmfryl goenf;/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 184
ajz/ jrwfpGmbk&m;onf awmxGufawmfrlaom tcgrS
pí "r®pMumw&m;ukd a[mMum;awmfrlonfhwdkifatmif tMuif
bk&m;jzpfawmfrjl cif;\ taMumif;ESihf bk&m;jzpfawmfrjl cif;ukv d nf;
aumif;ç bk&m;*kPaf us;Zl;ESiphf yfaom rsm;pGmukeaf om tusiw hf &m;
wdkYukdvnf;aumif; rsm;pGmaom okwåefwdkYü rsm;pGmaomolwdkY\
tv,fü a[mMum;awmfrl\/
xdkrSwyg; bk&m;*kPfawmfzGifhwGif jyqdkcJhNyD;aomtwdkif;
bk&m;*kPfaus;Zl;wdkYukdjyKí omoem jynfhpHkjcif;\ taMumif;rsm;
ukdvnf; a[mMum;awmfrl\/
wpf&wH pfcgvnf; rsm;pGmaom y&dowftv,fü uk, d af wmf
jrwf\ twkr½Sd jrifjh rwfaom tusio hf vD w&m;wdu Yk v
dk nf;aumif;
psmefç orm"dç ormywådw&m;wdkYukdvnf;aumif;ç tbdnmOfw&m;
wdkYukdvnf;aumif; a[mMum;awmfrl\/ wefcdk;jym#d[m jyjcif;
wdkYukdvnf; jyKawmfrl\/ xdkqdkNyD; tvkH;pkHukd a[mjyjyKvkyf aqmif
½Gufawmfrljcif;rsm;onf jrwfpGmbk&m;tm; ]]tw¬Kye,}} w&m;
awmfukd ukd,fawmfESifh uyfaqmifíjyKawmfrljcif; jyawmfrljcif;
rnf\/
ar;/ tb,fodkYvQif w&m;awmfudk olwpfyg;odkY uyfí
aqmifNyD;rS a[mMum; jyoawmfrlyg oenf;/
ajz/ y&dowf 4-yg;wdkY\tv,fü &Sifom&dykwå&mç
&Siaf rm*¾vmefç &Sirf [muóy tp&Su d ek af om wynfo h m0uBu;D
wdkY\ tusifhoDv*kPfç orm"d*kPfç ynm*kPfwdkYudk a[majymcsD;
rGrf;awmfrl\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 185
xdkYjyifvnf; [w¬mVm0u ol<u,fç pdwåol<u,fç O*¾
ol<u,f-tp&Su d ek af om vlOyoumwd\ Yk tusio hf vD *kPçf orm"d
*kPfç ynm*kPfrsm;udkvnf; azmfjycsD;rGrf;awmfrl\/
xdktvHk;pHkaom tcsufrsm;onf jrwfpGmbk&m;\ w&m;
awmfudk ]]y½lye,}} olwpfyg;odkY uyfaqmifí jyKawmfrljcif;
jyawmfrljcif;rnf\/
ed'ge0*¾ uóyoH,kwfü---
cspof m; &[ef;wd-Yk -igbk&m;onf tMuifrQavmuf tvd&k \ dS /
xdkrQavmuf yxrpsmefudk 0ifpm;í aeEdkif\/ cspfom; &[ef;wdkY-
-uóy--onfvnf; tMuifrQavmuf tvdk&Sd\? xdkrQ avmuf
yxrpsmef u d k 0if p m;í aeEd k i f \ / þod k Y ponf j zif h u d k , f
awmf j rwf E S i f h w uG &S i f r [muóyrax&f \ ud k ; qif h a om
tEkykAÁ0d[m&ormywfwdkYü 0ifpm;í aeEdkifaMumif;udk Asm'dwf
>rufMum;awmfrlaom pum;awmfonfvnf;&Sd\/
xdkY twl--
&Sirf [muóyrS wpfyg;ukeaf om rax&fw\ Ykd xdxk *kd P k f
aus;Zl;w&m;wdkYü toD;oD; xif&Sm;&Sdjcif;udk Asm'dwf>rwfMum;
awmfral ompum;awmfonfvnf;&S\ d ? xdt k vH;k pHak om pum;awmf
rsm;onf jrwfpmG bk&m; ud, k af wmfjrwfEiS hf tjcm;aom yk*K¾ v d w
f qYkd o D Ykd
w&m;udk uyfaqmifí jyoawmfrljcif; Ob,lye,-udk jyKawmf
rljcif;rnf\/
xdkY tjyifwpfyg;--
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 186
r[max&f t&S i f j rwf B uD ; rsm;onf v nf ; oif h a vsmf
avsmufywfaomtcgü tcsif;csif;aomfvnf;aumif;ç jrwfpGm
bk&m;\ xHawmfyg;üaomfvnf;aumif; Owå&drEkó"r® psmefr*f
zdv
k w
f &m;wdu Yk kd zGiq
hf kd ajymMum;Muuke\
f ? þodaYk jymMum;jcif;onf
r[max&fjrwfBuD;wdkY\ rdrdwdkYqDodkYw&m;udk uyfí aqmifjcif;ç
rdrdwdkYudkü w&m;awmfxif&Sm;&Sdjcif;udk jyjcif;rnf\/
xdkYjyifwpfyg;--
tdrf&mwnfaxmif vl\abmifü wnfaeMuukefaom
Oygouma,musfm;ç Oyodum rdef;rwdkYonfvnf; w&m;awmf
jrwfrsm;udk rdrdwdkYqDodkY uyfaqmifí jyzl;Muavukef\/
cE¨0*¾oH,kwfygVdawmf pdwå0*fü--
wpf&Haomtcg pdw¬ol<u,fonf]] t&Sif--&[ef;jyKaom
t&Sifhtm;ESpfaygif;rnfrQMumygNyDenf;}} [lí tapVuuóyudk
ar;jref;av\/ ]]&[ef;jyKaom ightm; ESpfaygif; 30-rQ &SdukefNyD}}
[lí tapVuuóy ajzMum;av\/
]]t&Si-f -þ 30-rQavmufuek af om ESpw f jYkd zif&h [ef;jyK aecJ&h m
t½SifhoEÅmefrSm wpfpkHwpfckaom psmefç tbdnmOfç r*fç zdkvf-
w&m;rsm;½Syd goavm/
t&d,myk*¾KdvfwkdYESifhom xkdufwefaom ÓPftjrif txl;
rsm;ukd &½SdygNyDavm/
csrf;ompGmaexkdif&yg\avm}}[lí ar;jref;av\/
]]tkd-ol<u,f--r½Sdyg}} [lí ajzMum;av\/
]]tkd-tcsif;wkdY---thHzG,f½SdpGwum;? tkd-tcsif;wkdY-- rjzpfpzl;
jzpfaypGwum;? ESpfaygif; 30-rQwkdYjzifh &[ef;jyKí aeygvsuf
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 187
wpfpkHwpfckaompsmefç tbdnmOfç r*fç zkdvfw&m;ukd r&bJ ½Sdbd\/
t&d,myk*¾KdvfwkdYESifhom xkdufwefaom ÓPftjrifxl;ukd r&bJ½Sd
bd\/ csr;f ompGmrae&bJ ½Sb d \
d }} [lí pdwo å <l u,f u thMH oaom
pum;ESifh qkdav\/
]]tk-d ol<u,f---OyoumtjzpfoYdk uyfra&mufaom toifh
tm; ESpaf ygif;rnfrQMumNyeD nf;}} [lítapVu uóyu ar;jyef
av\/
]]t½Sif---ESpfaygif; 30-rQ ½SdygukefNyD}} [lí qkdav\/
1/ ]] þ 30-rQavmufaom ESpfwkdYjzifh OyoumtjzpfokdU
uyfíaecJh&m oifhtm; wpfpkHwpfckaom psmefç tbdnmOfç r*fç
zkdvfw&m;rsm; ½Sdygoavm/
2/ t&d,myk*¾dKvfwdkYESifhom xdkufwefaom ÓPftjrif
txl;ukd &tyfygoavm/
3/ csrf;ompGm ae&yg\avm}} [lítapVu uóy-
uar;av\/
]]tkd-t&Sif-&Sdyg\/ tkd-t&Sif...trSeftm;jzifh tuREkfyf
onf tMuifrQavmuf tvdk&Sd\/ xdkrQavmuf yxrpsmefukd
0ifpm;íaeEdkifyg\? 'kwd,psmefukdç wwd,psmefukdç pwkw¬psmefukd
0ifpm;í aeEdkifyg\/
td-k t&Si.f .. tuREyfk of nf tu,fí bke;f awmfBu;D aom
jrwfpGmbk&m;\ a&S;OD;pGm uG,fvGef pkawcJhygrlum; jrwfpGmbk&m;
onf þokdYAsm'dwfpum; rdefYMum;awmfrl&m\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 188
tMuifoHa,mZOfjzifh NidwG,faESmifzGJUtyfonfjzpfí pdwå
ol<u,fonf wpfzef þumrbko H Ydk y#doaE¨tm;jzifh jyefvm&m\?
xdkoHa,mZOfrsKd; r&SdNyD[lí Asm'dwfpum; rdefYMum;awmfrl&m\}}
[líajymMum;av\/
xdktcgü tapVu uóy-onf thHMozG,fpum; ajym
Mum;av\/
1/ ]] tdk- tcsif;wdkY... w&m;awmf\ aumif;pGma[m
tyfaom oGmu©mw-*kPfESifh jynfhpkHonf\ tjzpfonf thHzG,f&SdpG
wum;/
2/ tdk-tcsif;wdkY...rjzpfzl;NrJ jzpfavpGwum;/
3/ t0wfjzLukd qnf;í tdrüf aeaom vlyifjzpfygaomf vnf;
þokdYoabm&Sdaom ]]Owå&d rEkó"r®}} vlwdkY usifhpOfw&m; xuf
vGeuf jJ rifjh rwfaom psmefç r*fç zdv
k -f w&m;ukd &½SEd ikd af vbd \wum;/
4/ t&d,myk*¾dKvfwdkYESifhom xdkufwefaom ÓPftjrif
txl;ukdvnf; &&SdEdkifavbd\wum;/
5/ csrf;ompGmaecGifh &&SdEdkifavbd\wum;}} [lí thHzG,f
pum;ajymMum;av\/
þpum;&yfü xdkol<u,fonf rdrdü yxrpsmefpaom
psmefw&m;rsm;xif&Sm;&SdaMumif;ukdvnf;aumif;ç Mo&rÇm*d,
oHa,mZOf w&m;uif;í tem*grfjzpfaMumif;ukdvnf;aumif;
ajymMum;jy qdkav\/
psmefw&m;ç r*fw&m;wdkYukd rdrdqDokdYaqmifí rdrdokdYuyfí
jyav\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 189
eE´rmwmrnfaom Oygodumonfvnf; om&dykwå&m
rax&fukd zGifhqdkajymMum;í w&m;ukd rdrdokdYuyfí jyzl;av\/ /
xdkpum;rSef\----
ow¬*Fkwå&ygVdawmf owår r[m,n 0*fü----
t&Sifbk&m;...tuREkfyfonf þomoemawmfjrwf
twGif;ü tMuifrQavmuf tvdk&Sd\? xdkrQavmuf yxrpsmefukd
0ifpm;í aeEdik yf g\? 'kw, d psmefuçdk wwd,psmefuçdk pwkwp¬ smefudk
0ifpm;í aeEdkifyg\/
]]t&Sifbk&m;...umrwnf;[laom atmufbkHokdY ouf
qif;usa&mufapwwfuek af om tMuifMo&rÇm*d, oHa,mZOf 5-
yg;wdkYonf&Sdukef\? xdkoHa,mZOf 5-yg;wdkYwGif wpfpkHwpfckaom
oHa,mZOfurdk Q tuREykf \ f oEÅmefü ry,ftyfao;bJ <uif;useí f
aeonfukd tuREfkyfrawGUrjrif&yg}} [líavQmufMum;av\/
þpum;&yfüvnf;----
eE´rmwmonf rdrdü psmefw&m;ç tem*grdr*fw&m;&Sd
aMumif;ukd azmfjy\? xdpk smefw&m;ç r*fw&m;wdu
Yk dk rdro
d u
Ydk yfí jy\/
ar;/ jrwfpGmbk&m; oufawmfxif&Sm; &SdawmfrlpOftcg
þokdYoabm&Sdaom Oyouma,musfm;ç Oyoumrdef;rwdkYonf
tb,frQavmuf &Sdygukefoenf;/
ajz/ Z0eokwfygVdawmfü--
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udkajrmfjrifaomaMumifh &[ef;a*gwrü þrQavmuf tvGefMunf
ndKygoenf;- [lí ar;av\/
ajzyk H / /tdk-um&PygvdykPÖm;- Oyrmaomfum; rGefjrwf
aom t&omjzifhomvQif wif;wdrf a&mifh&Javh&dSaom a,musfm;
onf rGejf rwfaom t&omwdrYk w S pfyg; ,kwn f ahH om t&omwdjYk zifh
rESpof ufEikd çf wif;rwdrEf ikd çf ra&mif&h EJ ikd b
f o
d uJo h Ykd xdtYk wlyifvQif
xkdt&Sifa*gwr\ w&m; awmfjrwfudk tMuiftMuifodkYaom-
(u) okwå tm;jzifhvnf;aumif;ç
(c) a*,stm;jzifhvnf;aumif;ç
(*) a0,smu&Ptm;jzifhvnf;aumif;ç
(C) tAÇKw"r® tm;jzifhvnf;aumif; Mum;em&\? xdkxdk
odkYaom tjcif;t&mtm;jzifh wpfyg;ukefaom &[ef;ykPÖm; wdkY\
a[majymcsuf w&m;pum;wdkYudk a&mifh&Jwif;wdrf ESpfoufjcif;
rjzpfEikd /f
Oyrm wpf e nf ; aomf u m;
iwfrwG jf cif;ç tm;enf;jcif;jzifh ESyd pf uftyfaom a,musmf ;
onf ysm;vydkYpdkifwpfckudk &av&m\? xdka,musfm;onf xdkysm;
vydpYk ikd u
f kd tMuiftMuifae&mrS vsuaf v&m\? xdx k kd vsu&f mXmerS
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 201
t&omwpfyg; ylzG,favmifzG,fr&dSaom tcsKdpifzG,fr&dSaom
ysm;t&omudk &&dSokH;aqmif&av&m\/
Oyrm wpf e nf ; aomf u m;
eHo
Y mudk tvd&k aSd om a,musmf ;wpfO;D onf eHoY mwH;k wpfcuk kd
&av&m\? xdka,musfm;onf xdkeHYomwHk;udk t&if;rSaomfvnf;
aumif;ç tv,frSaomfvnf;aumif;ç tzsm;rSaomfvnf;aumif;
tMuiftMuifae&mXmerS erf;½Iyfav&m\? xdkxdkerf;½Iyf&mt&yfrS
tarT;wpfyg;avmif;pGufzG,f r&Sdaom yuwdteHYaumif;udk &av
&m\/
þodkYvQif þw&m;awmfudk ynm&SdZmwfr[kwfaom Amv
yk*Kd¾ vw
f cYkd pH m;oifh cHpm;xdu
k o
f nf r[kw?f pifppftm; jzifah omfum;-
ynm&Sdyk*¾dKvfwdkYonfomvQif toD;tjcm;tm;jzifh odtyf cHpm;
tyfaomaMumifh ypöwåHa0'dwaAÁm0dñl[d}} [líqdktyfayonf/
wenf ; jyqd k c suf
]]ypöwaHå 0'dwaAÁm}} [laomyk'üf ypöw-å o'´gudk ]]ud,
k wf ikd f
rsufarSmuf udk,fawGY 'd|}}[laom teufa[mBuHí ynm&Sdyk*¾dKvf
wdkYonf ,kHMunfumrQ ESpfoufumrQ wpfqifhpum; Mum;½HkrQ
tjcif;t&m BupH nf&rHk Q trSwt f ,ljzifh ½Ipm;í oabmBuKd un f ½D rkH Q
ESifhom r[kwfbJ w&m;awmfjrwfudk udk,fawGY 'd|tm;jzifh odtyf
odxdkufaomaMumifh ]]ypöwåHa0'dwaAÁm-0dnL[d}}[líqdktyf\/
ed'g0*¾o, H w
k f ygVdawmfü t&Siyf 0d| rax&fu t&Sirf o k vd
udk ajymqdkaompum;&yfwGif-
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 202
tnaMw0 tm0kaom rkodv o'¨g,? tnMw
½kpd,m? tnMw tEkó0g? ynMw tmum& y&d0dwuúm?
tnMw 'd|dedZÑmecEÅd,m? tw¬d tm,o®awm rkodvó
ypöwåar0 ÓPH Zmwdypö,m Z&mr&PEÅd/
[lí a[mawmfrlcsuf &Sd\/
xdkygVdawmfü ypöwå-o'´gonf udk,fwdkifvufawGU [laom
teufudka[m\/ ypöwå-o'´gjzifY ,HkMunfumrQjzpfaom o'¨g
tp&Sdonfh w&m;ig;yg;wdkYudk epfap\/ jrpfy,f\/
teuf/ tm0kaom rkodv=igY&Sif rkodv? o'¨g,=,HkMunf
umrQudk? tnaMw0=MuOfíomvQif? ½kpd,m=ESpfouf½kHrQudk?
tnMw=MuOfíomvQif? tEkó0g=wpfqifYpum; Mum;&jcif;udk?
tnMw=MuOfíomvQif? tmum&y&d0dwuúm=tjcif;t&m axG
axGvmvm MuHpnfjcif;udk? tnMw=MuOfíomvQif? 'd|dedZÑme
cEÅd,m=rdrdtxifjzifY qifjcifoabmusjcif;udk? tnMw=MuOfí
omvQi?f tm,o®awm rkov d ó=igY&iS f rkov
d tm;? Zmwdypö,m=
Zmwd[laom taMumif;aMumifh? Z&m r&PEÅd=Z&m r&Pjzpf\
[lí? ypöwåar0=udk,fawGU'd|domvQifjzpfaom? ÓPH=todÓPf
onf? tw¬d=½Sd\/
½S i f r k o d v pum;
½Sifrkodvu jyefíqdkaom pum;&yfwGifvnf;-
tnaMw0 tm0kaom y0d| o'¨g,? tnMw ½kpd,m?
tnMw tEkó0g? tnMw tmum& y&d0dwuúm? tnMw
'd|ed Zd ÑmecEÅ,d m? t[arwH Zmemrd? t[arwH yórd? Zmwdypö,m
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 203
Z&mr&PEÅd-[lía[mawmfrl\/
teu
teuf/ / tm0kaom y0d|=igY½Sify0d|? o'¨g,=,HkMunf
umrQudk? tnaMw0=MuOfíomvQif? ½kpd,m=ESpfouf½HkrQudk?
tnMw=MuOfíomvQif? tEkó0g=wpfqifYpum;Mum;&jcif;udk?
tnMw=MuOfíomvQif? tmum&y&d0dwuúm=tjcif;t&m axG
axGvmvm MuHpnfjcif;udk? tnMw=MuOfíomvQif? 'd|dedZÑme
cEÅd,m=rdrdtxifjzifY qifjcifoabmMujcif;udk? tnMw=MuOfí
omvQi?f Zmwdypö,m=Zmwd[al omtaMumif;aMumif?Y Z&mr&PEÅ=d
Z&mr&Pjzpf\-[lí? {wH=þoabmudk? t[H=igudk,fwdkif?
Zmemrd=od\? {wH=þoabmud?k t[H=igud, k w
f ikd ?f Zmemrd=od\?
{wH=þoabmudk? t[H=igudk,fwdkif? yómrd=jrif\/
þygVdawmf pum;&yfü-
]]t[arwH Zmemrd}} [laom ygXfjzifY ypöwåÓPfudk jy\/
udk,fwdkif'd| awGUjrif&½Sdjcif; rsufarSmufjyKjcif;udk opäd
u&P-[lívnf;aumif;ç twåypöu©-[lívnf;aumif;ç ypöwå-
[lívnf;aumif; qd\ k / ,HMk unfumrQ ESpo
f ufumrQ wpfqifMY um;
umrQwdkYudk upöwåç opädu&Pç twåypöu©-[lí rqdkEdkif/
o'¨gç ½kpdç tEkó0ç tmum&ç y&d0dwu
'd | d e d Z ÑmecEÅ d 5-yg;wd k Y \ oabmtxl ;
1/ ,HkMunfjcif;rQonf o'¨g rnf\? xdko'¨gjzifY
,HMk unfí aerIonfvnf; todnPf r[kw?f yk*Kd¾ vcf ifrS w&m;udk
rif-qdkaompum;uJYodkY yk*¾dKvfudk ,HkMunfaevQif xdkyk*¾dKvfajym
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 204
orQwdkYudk ,HkMunfí aewwf\/ xdkodkY,HkMunfrIü xdxdrdrd
todÓPf rouf0ifacs/
2/ ESpfoufjcif;onf ½kpd rnf\? oabmusjcif;
aywnf;? xdkESpfoufjcif;onf rSefonfjzpfapç rSm;onfjzpfap
pdwfnGwfudkif;onftwdkif; t[kwfxifí ESpfoufwwf\? xdkY
aMumifh xdk½kpd-[kqdktyfaom ESpfoufjcif;udkvnf; xdxdrdrd
todÓPf oabmrSef-[lí rqdkEdkif/
3/ wpfqifYpum; Mum;&jcif;onf tEkó0-rnf\/
Mum;&aomtwdkif; rSwfom;jcif;onfvnf; todÓPfr[kwf?
udk,fwdkifÓPfjzifh xdxdrdrd qHk;jzwfEdkifaomt&mr[kwf/
4/ tjcif ; t&m axG a xG v mvm MuH p nf j cif ; onf
tmum&y&d0w d uúrnf\? xdo k Ykd axGaxGvmvm MupH nfí xifjrif
vmaom tcsufrsm;onfvnf; todÓPftppfr[kwf? 0dwuf\
t½Sed f tapmfjzifY ay:rday:&mç xifrx d if&m jzpfay:vmwwfonf?
0dwufjzifY axGaxGvmvm MuHpnfxifjrifcsufESifY ÓPfjzifh udk,f
awGY'd| xifjrifcsufonf tvGefjcm;em;\/
5/ rdrdpdwfoabm xifjrifcsufjzifY MuHpnfawG;q
oabmusíaejcif;onf 'd|dedZÑmecEÅd-rnf\/ xdk 'd|dedZÑmecEÅd-
onfvnf; todÓPfr[kw?f pdwo f EÅmefü xifrxd if&m pdwn
f w
G f
udkif;rd&m xifjrifoabmusí vmwwfonf/
Oyrm
Oyrm/ avmuudk £ó&t&Sif zefqif;onf[í l £ó&
edr®me'd|d t&if;cH&Sdaeolonf xdkt[ludk rlvxm;í ½Ipm;qifjcif
aomtcg xifrdxif&m rdrdt,ltm;avsmfpGm xifjrifí vmwwf
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 205
onf? xdkaMumifh 'd|dedZÑmecEÅd-onfvnf; xdxdrdrd todÓPf
r[kwfacs/
'd|dedZÑmecEÅd-[laom pum;ü-
(u) xifjrifcsufonf 'd|drnf\/
(c) BuHqqifjcifcsufonf edZÑmernf\/
(*) oabmusjcif;onf cEÅdrnf\/
(rdrdxifjrifcsufjzifh BuHpnfí oabmusrI qkdvkdonf/)
ypöwå- ÓPfç opädu&P-ÓPfonfomvQif qkdcJhNyD;aom
,kHMunfjcif; o'¨gponfh todÓPf a,mifa,mif w&m;wkdYukd
wGe;f vSeí f trSet f uef xdxrd rd d ae&mwus uk,
d w
f idk o
f ½d EdS idk o
f nf/
jrwfpGmbk&m;\ w&m;awmfonf ,kHMunfumrQ ESpfouf
umrQ o'¨gç ½kpd-tp½Sdonfh w&m; 5-yg;wkdYESifh uif;í ynm½Sd
yk*¾KdvfwkdYonf ukd,fawGU'd| xdxdrdrd odtyfaomaMumifh ]]ypöwåH
a0'dwaAÁm 0dnL[d}} rnfayonf/
ypöwåH a0'dwaAÁm 0dnL[d-*kPfawmf NyD;\/
"r®mEkówd ur®|mef; NyD;\/
---------------
(*) oH C mEk ó wd u r® | mef ; yG m ;rsm;tm;xk w f y k H
oHCmEkówd [lonfum;- jrwfpGmbk&m; wynfh oHCm
awmfjrwf\ oky#Ü yd Eéwm-paom *kPaf us;Zl;wku
Yd dk tzefzef qifjcif
atmufarhaom owdukd qkdonf/
xkdoHCmEkówdukd yGm;rsm;tm;xkwfvkdaom a,m*Dyk*¾Kdvf
onf oHCmawmfjrwf\ ]]okyÜ#dyEéwm}} paom 9-yg;aom
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 206
*kPaf wmfwu Ydk dk aumif;pGmodNy;D í jrwfpmG bk&m;\ wynfh oHCmawmf
jrwfonf rdpmä 'd|d q&mBu;D \ wynfw h v
Ydk dk ]] 'ky#Ü yd Eé}} raumif;ojzifh
usifhtyfaom yk*¾KdvfrsKd;r[kwf? okyÜ#dyEé-aumif;pGm usifhtyfaom
yk*¾KdvfrsKd;wkdY aywnf;/
]] oky#Ü yd Eé}} yk*K¾ v
d -f [k ac:qk&d atmif aumif;pGm usijhf cif;
or®my#dywfESifh jynfhpkHawmfrlMuay\/
þoHCmawmfjrwf\ o'¨dpGrf;ç 0D&d,pGrf;ç owdpGrf;ç orm"d
pGr;f ç ynmpGr;f tpGr;f owåad wmfwo Ydk nf tvGex f ufjruf Bu;D rm;ay
\[k qifjcifatmufarhtyf\/
oH C mh * k P f a wmf 9-yg;
1/okyÜ#dyaEém b*0awm om0uoHaCm/
2/OZkyÜ#dyaEém b*0awm om0uoHaCm/
3/Ó,yÜ#dyaEém b*0awm om0uoHaCm/
4/omrdpdyÜ#dyaEém b*0awm om0uoHaCm/
5/,'d'H pwåm&d yk&do-,k*ged t|yk&doyk*¾vm {o
b*0awm om0uoHaCm tm[kaea,sm/
6/ yg[kaea,sm/
7/ 'u©daPa,sm/
8/ tOövdu&PDa,m/
9/ tEkwå&H yknau©wåH avmuó/
1/ b*0awm=jrwfpGmbk&m;\? om0u oHaCm=uvsmP
ykxkZOf oDv0efç ynm0efç t½SifrGef t½SifjrwfwkdYESifhwuGaom
t&d,m 8-yg; wynfhoHCmawmfjrwf taygif;onf? okyÜ#dyaEém=
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 207
t"doDvç t"dpdwåç t"dynm odu©mokH;&yf vGefaumif;jrwfaom
y#dywf*kPfESifhvnf; jynfhpHkawmfrlay\/
2/ b*0awm=jrwfpGmbk&m;\? om0uoHaCm=uvsmP
ykxkZOf oDv0efç ynm0efç t&SifrGef t&SifjrwfwdkYESifhwuGaom
t&d,m-8-yg;wynfhom; oHCmawmfjrwftaygif;onf? OZkyÜ#d
yaEém=t"doDvç t"dpwåç t"dynmç odu©moHk;&yf vGefajzmifh
rwfaom y#dywf*kPfESifhvnf; jynfhpHkawmfrlay\/
3/ b*0awm=jrwfpGmbk&m;\? om0uoHaCm=uvsmP
ykxkZOfoDv0efç yn0efç t&SifrGef t&SifjrwfwdkYESifhwuGaom
t&d,m-8-yg;wynfhom;oHCmawmfjrwftaygif;onf? Ó,yÜ#d
yaEém=t"dov D ç t"dpwd çå t"dynm odum© oH;k &yf vGeo f ifjh rwfaom
y#dywf*kPfESifhvnf; jynfhpHkawmfrlay\/
4/ b*0awm=jrwfpGmbk&m;\? om0uoHaCm= uvsmP
ykxkZOf oDv0efç yn0efç t&SifrGef t&SifjrwfwdkYESifYwuGaom
t&d,m 8-yg; wynfo Y m; oHCmawmfjrwf taygif;onf? omrdp-d
yÜ#yd aEém=t"dovD ç t"dpw d çå t"dynmodum© oH;k &yf ½kad o tyfaom
y#dywf*kPfESifYvnf; jynfhpHkawmfrlay\/
5/ ,'d'H-,med £rmed pwåm&d yk&do,k*ged=tMuif 4-
yg;aom a,musmf ;jrwftpHw k oYkd nf? oEÅ=d &Su
d ek \
f ? ,'d'-H a, £ar
t|yk&doyk*¾vm=tMuif 8-yg;aom a,musfm;jrwfwdkYonf? oEÅd=
½Su
d ek \
f ? b*0awm=jrwfpmG bk&m;\? {o-{aom om0u oHaCm=
þ 4-pHk 8-yg; wynf;om; oHCmawmfjrwftaygif;onf? tm[k
aea,sm=tm*EÅKtm; &nfíxm;tyfaom tvSL0w¬KrsKd;udkvnf;
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 208
cH,jl cif;iSm xduk w
f efpmG aom oDv*kPçf orm"d*P k çf ynm*kPEf iS Yf
vnf; jynfhpHkawmfrlay\/
6/ yg[kaea,sm=vufaqmiftvdkYiSm ,lívmaom tvSL
0w¬KrsK;d udv
k nf; cH,jl cif;iSm xduk w
f efpmG aom oDv*kPçf orm"d*P k çf
ynm*kPfESifYvnf; jynfhpHkawmfrlay\/
7/ 'u©ad Pa,sm=aemufaemufb0 tusK;d &zdYk rsK;d cs wHv k wf
jrwfaomtvSLrsK;d udv k nf; cH,jl cif;iSm xdu
k w
f efpmG aom oDv*kPçf
orm"d*kPfç ynm*kPfESifYvnf; jynfhpHkawmfrlay\/
8/ tOÆvdu&PDa,m=vlrif;ç ewfrif;ç jA[®mrif;wdkY\
vuftyk cf sjD cif;udk cHxu kd af om oDv*kPçf orm"d*P k çf ynm*kPEf iS Yf
vnf; jynhfpHkawmfrlay\/
9/ avmuó=vltaygif;\? tEkwå&H=twkr&Sd jrifYjrwf
aom? yknau©wåH=ukodkvfrsKd;udk pdkufysKd;cs&m v,f,majraumif;
ozG,fvnf;jzpfawmfrlay\/
trSmpum;
pum;/ / Ak'¨gEkówd ur|mef;ü jyqdkcJYNyD;aom
bk&m;*kPf 9-yg;ç "r®mEkówd ur®|mef;ü jyqdck NYJ y;D aom w&m;*kPf
6-yg;ç þoHCmEkówd ur®|mef;ü jyqdkcJYNyD;aom oHCm*kPf 9-
yg; udk t"dygÜ ,fEiS wYf uG a&vnfpmG rodaomaomolonf bk&m;ç
w&m;ç oHCmudk ÓPfESifY MunfndKwwfaom olr[kwf? xdkolü
wd[dwfukodkvfrjzpf? 'Gd[dwfukodkvfomjzpf\/
xdkaMumifY Ak'¨bmomvlrsKd;rSefvQif þ*kPfawmf 3-yg;
teufudk EIwfwufausrG wu,f&rS oifYjrwfownf;/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 209
þ*kPfawmfBuD;udk okwåefyd#uwfü jrwfpGmbk&m; udk,f
awmfwdkif tzefzefa[mawmfrl\/&[EÅmBuD;rsm;vnf; tzef
zefa[mawmfrl\/
bk&m;&Scd ;kd jyKvyk v
f v
kd Qi-f (wH=xdo
k yk #Ü yd Eé tp yknacwå tqH;k
b0*fcsKH;rQ bkef;&SdefBuD;rm; *kPfudk;yg;ESifY jynfhpHkawmfrlayaom
oHCmawmfjrwftaygif;ud?k t[H=tuREyfk o f nf? 0E´mrd=½Scd ;kd yg\[k
xnfhíqdkMuav? þbk&m;&Sdcdk;BuD;xuf BuD;jrwfaom bk&m;&Sdcdk;
r&SNd y/D )
]]okyÜ#dyEé}} jzpfatmif usifYaomyk*¾dKvfonf OZkyÜ#dyEéç
Ó,yÜ#dyEéç omrdpdyÜ#dyEé-vnf; jzpfawmh\/ þor®my#dywf
udkyifvQif OZkyÜ#dywfç Ó,yÜ#dywfç omrdpdyÜ#dywf-[kac:\/
or® m y#d y wf yk * ¾ d K v
vf
ar;
ar;/ or®my#dywfyk*¾dKvf qdkonfum; rnfuJYodkYaom
tusifhrsKd;udk usifhaom yk*¾dKvfudk ac:oenf;/
ajz
ajz/ a,[d aupd bdu©a0 orPm 0g jAm[®Pm 0g {0H
½lyH tbdnm, {0H ½lyork',H- tbdnm, {0H ½lyeda&m"H
tbdnm, {0H ½lyedda&m"*greDy#dy'H tbdnm, {0H½lyó
tóm'H tbdnm, {0H ½lyó tm'De0H tbdnm, {0H ½lyó
edó&PH tbdnm, ½lyóedA'dÁ g, 0d&m*g, eda&m"m, y#dyEém?
aw oky#dyEém/ a, oky#dyEém? aw £ro®ð "r®0dea, *grEÅd/
(oH,kwfygVdawmf owå|me ukovokwf)
teuf / /bdu©a0? &[ef;wdkY/ a, aupd? trSwfr&Sd
tvH;k pHu
k ek af om/ orPm 0g? &[ef;wdo Yk nfvnf;aumif;/ jA[®Pm
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 210
0g? ykPmÖ ;wdo Yk nfvnf;aumif;/ {0H? þodYk igbk&m;a[mMum;Ny;D aom
twdkif;/ ½lyH? ½kyfudk/ tbdnm,? Ówy&dnmjzifYodí/ {0H? þodkY
igbk&m;a[mMum;NyD;aomtwdkif;/ ½lyork',H? ½kyfjzpfaMumif;udk/
tbdnm,? Ówy&dnmjzifYodí/ {0H? þodkY igbk&m; a[mMum;
NyD;aomtwdkif;/ ½lyeda&m"H? ½kyfcsKyf&mXmeudk/ tbdnm,?
Ówy&dnmjzifo Y íd / {0H? þodYk igbk&m; a[mMum;Ny;D aomtwdik ;f /
½ly eda&m"*grdeDy#dy'H? ½kyfcsKyf&modkY a&mufaMumif; tusifYudk/
tbdnm,? Ówy&dnmjzifYodí/ {0H? þodkY igbk&m; a[mMum;
NyD ; aomtwd k i f ; / ½l y ó? ½k y f \ / tóm'H ? om,mzG , f u d k /
tbdnm,? Ówy&dnmjzifY odí/ {0H? þodkY igbk&m;a[m
Mum;NyD;aomtwdkif;/ ½lyó? ½kyf\/ tm'De0H? tjypfa'goudk/
tbdnm,? Ówy&dnmjzifY odí/ {0H? þodkY igbk&m; a[mMum;
Ny;D aomtwdik ;f / ½lyó? ½ky\ f / edó&PH? uRwv f w
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'u©dPH t&[wDwd 'u©daPa,sm/
'u©dPH=o'´gjzifh vSLtyfaom tvSL0w¬Kudk? t&[wd=cHpm;
jcif;iSmxdkuf\? £wdwo®m=xdkYaMumifY? 'u©daPa,sm='u©daP,s
rnf\/
'u©dPqdkonfum; -tm[keçyg[ke-rsKd; r[kwfbJ ouf
oufuHudkvnf;aumif;ç uH\tusKd;udkvnf;aumif; ,HkMunftm;
xm;í aemiftcg tusKd;xl;udk cHpm;&vdrfYrnf[lívnf;aumif;ç
yg&rD ukov kd f jynfph rd aYf omiSmvnf;aumif;ç oDvpaom *kPaf us;Zl;
wdkYudk ylaZmfcsD;ajrmufjcif;iSmvnf;aumif; o'¨gojzifY pD&ifíxm;
tyfaom o'¨ga',s 'geonf 'u©P d -rnf\? xd'k u©P
d -rnfaom
tvSL0w¬Kudk cHxdkufaomaMumifY 'u©daP,s-rnfonf/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 222
tOÆ v d u &PD , *k P f a wmf
qdtk yfNy;D aom 'ge 3-rsK;d udk t&d,moHCmawmftm; vSL'gef;
tyfonf&adS omf txl;ojzifY Bu;D us,zf UHG NzKd ;aom tusK;d tmedoifukd
jzpfapwwf\/
xdkYaMumifh-
t&d,m oHCmawmfonf tm[kae,sç yg[kae,sç 'u©ad P-
,s-[laom*kPfudk &&Sdawmfrlonf/
vuftkyfcsDjcif;udk tOÆvdur®- [lívnf;aumif;ç tOÆvd-
u&P-[lívnf;aumif; qdktyf\/
tOÆvdu&PH t&[wDwd tOÆvdu&PDa,m/
tOÆvdu&PH=vuftkyfcsDrdk; &Sdcdk;½kdaojcif;udk/ t&[wd=
cHxdkuf\? £wdwo®m=xdkYaMumifY/ tOÆvdu&PDa,m=tOÆvd
u&PD,-rnf\/
okyÜ#dyEé-paom *kPfwdkYESifYjynfhpHkí jrwfaom yk*¾dKvfjzpf
aomaMumifY vuftkyfcsDjcif;udk cHxdkufonf? xdkYaMumifY tOÆvd
u&PD,-rnf\/
&S d c d k ; jcif ; \ tusKd ; ud k Oyrmjzif Y jyqd k c suf
þavmuü £ó&d,*kPEf iS jYf ynfph akH om rif;pd;k &mZm wdt Yk m;
&Scd ;kd vQif xdu
k o f nft h m;avsmpf mG avmuDtusK;d udk ay;wwfouJo Y ?Ykd
oky#Ü yd Eé-paom *kPaf umif;ç *kPjf rwfwEYkd iS Yf jynfph akH om t&Sirf eG çf
t&Sijf rwfwu Ykd kd &Scd ;kd vQif ra&rwGuEf ikd af om oHo&m\ aumif;usK;d
csrf;omwdkYudk ay;Edkifavonf/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 223
þodYk &S&d iS jf rwfE;kd wpfBurd cf ;kd u aumif;usK;d toacsF ay;Edik f
ayaomaMumifY xdkt&SifrGefç t&SifjrwfwdkYonf tOÆvdu&PD,-
[laom *kPfxl;udk &&SdawmfrlMuukefonf/
oHCmEkówd ur®|mef;NyD;\/
---------
(C) oD v mEk ó wd u r® | mef ; yG m ;rsm;tm;xk w f y H k
oD v mEk ó wd [ l o nf u m;-
m;-rdrdxdef;odrf; apmifYa&Smuf
tyfaom oDvudk tzefzefqifjcifatmufarYaom owdukd qdo k nf/
1/ vlwdkY apmifYa&Smuftyfaom *[|oDvyif jzpfapç
&[ef;wdYk apmifaY &Smuftyfaom yAÁZw
d oDvyifjzpfapç xdo k v
D wdüYk
tp-ujzpfapç tqH;k u jzpfapç odum© yk'f 1-yg;yg; ysuaf omoDv
onf tpGeftjzm; pkwfjywfaom ykqdk;uJYodkY jywfusKd;aom oDv
rnf\/
2/ tv,fü odu©myk'f 1-yg;yg; ysufaom oDvonf
tv,fü rD;avmifaygufaom ykqdk;uJYodkY aygufaomoDvrnf\/
3/ odu©myk'f 1-ckjcm;ç 1-ckjcm; tpOftwdkif;ysufaom
oDvonf EGm;r 0gaphajymufuJYodkY ajymufaomoDvrnf\/
4/ odum© yk'f 2-ck ausmçf 3-ck ausmf ponfjzifY ysuaf om
oDvonf EGm;rusm;uJYodkY aMumifusm;aom oDvrnf\/
oD v mEk ó wd u d k yG m ;rsm;yH k E S i f Y tusKd ;
xdkoDvmEkówdudk yGm;rsm;vdkaom a,m*Dyk*¾dKvfonf
rdrdwdkYxdef;odrf;apmifYa&Smuftyfaom oDvudk rusKd;ç raygufç
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 224
rajymufç rusm;&atmif aumif;rGefpGm xdef;odrf;apmifYa&Smufí-
1/ ig\ oDvonf rusKd;ç raygufç rajymufç rusm; ayNyD/
aumif;pGm jynfhpHkoefY&Sif;ay\? tvGefaumif;aypG? oHo&m
0#f'u k r© S vGwaf jrmuf&ef eD;pGmaom taMumif;jzpfí wPSm\uRef
tjzpfrS awmfvSef vGefajrmufaMumif; jzpfaypG/
2/ olwpfyg;wdkYonf oif\oDvü þuJYodkY tjypfa'go
&Sdonf[k pGyfpGJajymqdkjcif;iSm rxdkufatmif tjypfrS oefY&Sif;jzLpif
ay\/
3/ bk&m;tp&Sdaom ynm&Sdolawmfaumif;wdkY csD;rGrf;
xdkufatmif pdwfat;jrcsrf;om wnfMunfjcif; orm"dudk jzpfap
Edkifavmufatmif vGefpGmtjypfwdkYrS oefY&Sif;jzLpifay\? tvGef
aumif;aypG[k rdrdoDvudk tzefzefqifjcifatmufarYtyf\?
atmufarY&m\/
þuJYodkY atmufarhonf&Sdaomf-
tvGefESpfouf0rf;ajrmufjcif;jzpf\? pdwfÓPf xufoef
BuD;xGm;\? Munfvif\? wnfMunf\? Oypm&psmefudk &\/
þoD v mEk ó wd ur® | mef ; onf v nf ; - oD v *k P f
aus;Zl;wdkY\ eufeJodrfarGUonfjzpfí edrdwf&aumif;aom w&m;
r[kwfjcif;aMumifY tyÜempsmefudkum; rjzpfapEdkif/
oDvmEkówd ur®|mef; NyD;\/
----------
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 225
(i) pm*gEk ó wd u r® | mef ; yG m ;rsm;tm;xk w f y H k
pm*gEkówd [lonfum;- m;-ESajrmrzuf o'´goufouf
jzifY vSL'gef;pGefYMuJtyfaom rdrd\ tvSLpm*\ *kPfaus;Zl;udk
tzefzefqifjcifatmufarYaom owdudk qdkonf/
pm*gEk ó wd u d k yG m ;rsm;yH k E S i f Y tusd ;
xdkpm*gEkówdudk yGm;rsm;vdkaom a,m*Dyk*¾dKvfonf w&m;
ojzif&h &Sad om vSLzG,0f w¬Kwu Ykd kd *kPaf us;Zl; Bu;D jrwfaom yk*Kd¾ vw
f üYkd
rvSLrDçvSLqJç vSLNyD; 3-yg;aom cPü pdwfudkMunfvif &Tifvef;
0rf;ajrmufapvsuf ESpfoufMunfjzL pGm ay;vSLpGefYBuJNyD;í pGefYBuJ
ay;vSLaom pdwfapwem\wGefYrwdkjzpfykH tjcif;t&m edrdwfudk
rSw, f í
l /
igonfray;vIvdk 0efwdkESpfajrmjcif; rapä&r&dSbJ 0efwdk
ESajrmjcif; rapä& tnpftaMu; uif;onfjzpfí aumif;pGmay;vSL
pGefYBuJ&ayjyD? aumif;avpGç aumif;avpG/
igonf jzpfav&m&mb0ü touf&Snfjcif; tqif;vSjcif;
csr;f omrsm;jcif; cGet
f m;Bu;D jcif; ynmBu;D jcif;paom tusK;d tmedoif
vmbfwdkYudk &xdkufukefpGwum;/
igonf vljzpfusKd; eyfpGwum;? oHo&m0#frS vGwfajrmuf
aBumif; trIukd igjyKaypGwum;? aMomf-aumif;avpGwum;? aMomf-
aumif;avpGwum;-[k tzefzefqifjcifatmufarh&m\/
þodkY qifjcifatmufarhonf&dSaomf-
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 226
tvGeEf pS o
f uf 0rf;ajrmufjcif;jzpf\? pdwÓ
f PfBunfvif\?
wnfMunf\? Oypm&psmefudk &\/
þpm*gEk ó wd ur® | mef ; onf v nf ;- tvSLpm* *kPf
aus;Zl;wdkY\ eufeJodrfarGYonfjzpfí edrdwf&aumif;aom w&m;
r[kwfjcif;aMumifh tyÜempsmefudkum; rjzpfapEkdif/
pm*gEkówd ur®|mef; jyD;\/
(p) a'0wmEk ó wd u r® | mef ; yG m ;rsm;tm;xk w f y k H
a'0wmEkówd [lonfum; m;- ewfwdkYudk oufaoxm;í
ewfwu Ykd kd wkjyKid t
f m;usí rdrüd &daS om o'¨g-paom olawmfaumif;
Opömç olawmfaumif;w&m;wdkYudk tm;udk;tm;xm; 0rf;ajrmuf
&Tifvef;pGm qifjcifatmifarhaom owdudk qdkonf/
a'0wmEk ó wd yG m ;rsm;yk H E S i f h tusKd ;
xkda'0wmEkówdukd yGm;rsm;vdkaom a,m*Dyk*¾Kdvfonf
txufaumif;uifü- pwkr[m&mZfewfç wm0wðomewfç ,mrm
ewfç wkodwmewfç edr®me&wdewfç y&eddrd®w0o0wdåewfwdkYonf
&dSMuukef\
ewfjynf 6-xyf txufjzpfaom jA[®mbküH vnf; yxrpsmef
jA[®mç 'kwd,psmef jA[®mç wwd, psmefjA[®mç pwkw¬psmef jA[®m-
paom jA[®mBu;D wdoYk nfvnf; &dMS uuke\
f ? xdek wf jA[®mBu;D wdo
Yk nf
tvGef bkef;wefcdk; BuD;rm;Muukef\/
xdkewfjA[®mBuD;wdkYonf þvlY jynfü aepOftcgü-
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 227
1/ o'¨gç oDvç okwç pm*ç ynmç [d&Dç MowåyÜ- [laom
olawmfaumif; Opöm 7-yg;ç
2/ o'¨gç owdç [d&Dç MowåyÜç Am[kópöç 0D&d,ç ynm-
[laom olawmfaumif;w&m; 7-yg;-wdkYESifhjynfhpkHMujcif;aMumifh
þvlYjynfrS pkawMuaomtcg xdkewfjynfç jA[®mjynfü jzpfMu
uke\ f /
ighrSmvnf; xdkuJhodkY wefcdk;BuD;rm;pGm ewf jA[®mtjzpfudk
jzpfapwwfaom o'¨gç oDvçokwçpm*ç ynmç[d&çD Mowåy-Ü [laom
tzdk;wef olawmfaumif;Opöm &wemwdkYonfvnf;aumif;? o'¨gç
owdç [d&Dç MowåyÜç Amokópöç 0D&d,ç ynm-[laom tzdk;wef
olawmfaumif; w&m;wdkYonfvnf;aumif; &dSMuukefonfwum;?
aMomf-aumif;avpG aumif;avpG[k tzefzefqifjcif atmufarh
&m\/
þodYk qifjcifatmufarhonf&aSd omf tvGet f m;&d\
S tvGef
ESpfouf 0rf;ajrmufjcif;jzpf\? pdwfMunfvif\? Oypm& psmefudk
&\?
þa'0wmEk ó wd ur® | mef ; onf v nf ;- o'¨g paom
w&m;wdkYu tvGefeufeJ odrfarGUaom w&m;jzpfí edrdwf&aumif;
aom w&m;r[kwfjcif;aMumifh tyÜempsmefudkum; rjzpfapEkdif/
a'0wmEkówd ur®|mef;jyD;\
--------------
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 228
(q) OyormEk ó wd u r® | mef ; yG m ;rsm;tm;xk w f y H k
OyormEkówd [lonfum;- edAmÁ ef\ *kPaf us;Zl;wdu Yk kd
tzefzef qifjcifatmufarYaom owdudkac:onf/
xdkOyormEkówdudk yGm;rsm;vdkaom a,m*Dyk*¾dKvfonf
edAÁmef\*kPf "r®m½kHudk tm½HkjyKí vSnfhum vSnfhum &Ityf&m\/
ed A Á m ef \ *k P f y k ' f r sm;
1/ r'edr®'aem-rmefr,pf&m edAÁmef/
2/ ydygo0dea,m-wPSmukefNidrf;&m edAÁmef/
3/ tmv,ork*¢ga#m-umr*kPf tmv,udk t<uif;rJh
cGg&m edAÁmef/
4/ 0¥Kyapäa'g-0#f 3-yg;rS uif;jywf&m edAÁmef/
5/ wPSmu©a,m-wPSmukefNidrf;&m edAÁmef/
6/ 0d&ma*g-&m* uif;vGwf&m edAÁmef/
7/ eda&ma"m-wPSm\csKyf&m edAÁmef/
8/ "k0H-tjrJcdkifcefYaom edAÁmef/
9/ tZ&H-tdkjcif;r&Sdaom edAÁmef/
10/ edyÜyOöH- oHo&mcsJUwwfaom w&m;r&Sdaom edAÁmef/
11/ opöH-razmufrjyef rSefuefaom edAÁmef/
12/ yg&H-oHo&m\ [dkbufurf;rSm &Sdaom edAÁmef/
13/ ok'k'´oH-ÓPfEkHYolwdkY tvGefjrifEdkifcJaom edAÁmef/
14/ od0H-udavom uif;a0; csrf;at;aom edAÁmef/
15/ trwH-aojcif;uif;&m edAÁmef/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 229
16/ acrH-Nidrf;csrf;&m ab;uif;&m edAÁmef/
17/ tAÇKwH-ocFg&uif;zG,f tHYzG,fo&J rjzpfbl;aom
edAmÁ ef/
18/ tedwDuH-tusKd;rJY,lbd þwd-ab;r&Sdaom edAÁmef/
19/ wmPH-0#fqif;&JrS apmifYa&Smuf&m edAÁmef/
20/ avPH-ab;&efvGwfa&Smif; ykefatmif;&m edAÁmef/
21/ 'DyH-MoCrvGrf;aom uRef;wnf;[laom edAÁmef/
22/ 0dok'¨d-udavomrS pifppf pifMu,faom edAÁmef/
23/ 0&H-olawmfaumif;wdkY awmif;wtyfaom edAÁmef/
24/ edykPH-odrfarGUEl;nHhaom edAÁmef/
25/ tocFwH-taMumif;w&m; rjyKjyiftyfaom edAÁmef/
26/ armau©m-udavomrS vGwfaom edAÁmef/
27/ aoa|m-txl;ojzifY csD;rGrf;tyfaom edAÁmef/
28/ tEkwåa&m-twkr&Sd tvGefjrwfaom edAÁmef/
29/ avmuóaEÅm-avmuoHk;yg;\ qHk;&m edAÁmef/
edAmÁ ef\ *kPaf us;Zl;wdu Yk kd odatmifjyKí tzefzef ESv;kH oGi;f
&m\? qifjcifatmufarY&m\? þodkY edAÁmef\*kPfwdkYudk toD;oD;
qifjcifatmufarhonf&Sdaomf tvGefpdwfMunfvif\? ÓPfBuD;
xGm;\? pdwfat;csrf; wnfMunf\? Oypm& psmefudk&\/
þ OyormEk ó wd ur® | mef ; onf v nf ; ed A Á m ef \
*kPaf us;Zl;wdYk tvGeef ufeo J rd af rGUojzifY edrw
d &f aumif;aom w&m;
r[kwfjcif;aMumifY tyÜempsmefudk rjzpfapedkif/
OyormEkówd ur®|mef;NyD;\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 230
(Z) r&PmEk ó wd u r® | mef ; yG m ;rsm;tm;xk w f y H k
r&PmEk ó wd [l o nf u m;- m;-ao&jcif;udk tzefzef
qifjcifatmufarYaom owdudkac:onf/
xdkr&PmEkówdudk yGm;rsm;vdkaom a,m*Dyk*¾dKvfonf
þodkYqifjcifatmufarY&m\/
igonfao&jcif;oabm&S\ d ? ao&jcif;oabmudk rvGeEf ikd f
acs? {uefrck s igao&vdrrYf nf? avmuü aop&mtaMumif;wdo Yk nf
rsm;jym;\/
qifab;ç usm;ab;ç 0Hab;ç a>rab;ç uif;ab;ç yifYulab;ç
ajimifYab;ç opfyifab;ç a&wGif; a&uefab;ç rD;ab;ç cdk;olab;ç
rif;ab;ç "m;jyab;ç &efolab;ç pkef;-ewf-wapä ajrzkwfbDvl;-
tpdrf;ol&J-ya,m*ab;çydk;rsKd; 80-ab;ç toyÜg,-roifYaom
tpmab;ç tqdyfab;ç tema&m*gab;ç "mwfBuD; 4-yg;azmuf
jyefaomab;ç qe0kwd 96-yg;? t|e0kwd 98-yg; rsm;jym;aomab;ç
t&m taxmif taomif; todef; ruaom ab;wdkYjzifh n§if;qJ
xdcdkufí ao&vdrfYrnfwum;/
owå0gwdkY\ toufonf uHaMumifYjzpf\? qdkcJYNyD;aom
ab;Oy'fwdkYESifY tu,fí rawGUrMuKHí ae&jim;aomfvnf;
þtoufukd jzpfapwwfaom uHuek v f Qivf nf; toufuif;jywf
aoqHk;\/ uHtm;aumif;vQif touf&Snf\? uHtm;nHhvQif
toufw\ kd ? rnfol rnf0g\toufukd jzpfapwwf aomuHonf
rnfrQtm;aumif;\? tm;nHh\-[lívnf; rodEdkifMuacs? ig\
uHonf b,favmuf tm;aumif;íig\toufonfa½SUodkY b,f
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 231
avmuf&n S f rnfuv kd nf;{uefrod&? aemufuvnf; ig\ touf
udk tcgumv pm;í pm;í vdkufacs\/
1-nOfhvGefí tm;vQif ig\touf 1-ydkif;ukefí oGm;
avNy/D 2-nOfv h eG í
f oGm;vQif ig\touf 2-ydik ;f ukeí f oGm;avNy?D
þaeY nOfhumvonf ig\toufudk tydkif;ydkif; ukefapí pm;í
pm;í vdkufacs\/
ig\toufonf wdkí wdkí ukefygNyDwum;? igonf 1-
aeYxuf 1-aeY aorif;xHodkY eD;í eD;í oGm;ygNyDwum;? aMomf..
ig\toufudkjzpfapwwfaomuHonf tu,fí nOfhtdyfaeqJ
tcgü ukefcJYjim;tHY? xdknOfhtdyfaeqJtcgüyif toufvnf;ukef
qHk;í igonftdyf&mrS xEdkifawmYrnfr[kwf/
tu,fí xdik af eqJcPü uHonfuek cf jYJ im;tH?Y xdx k ikd af eqJ
cPüyif toufuek q f ;kH í xdik &f mrS xEdik af wmYrnfr[kw?f tu,f
í xaeqJcPü uHonfuek cf jYJ im;tH?Y xdx k aeqJcPüyif touf
ukeq f ;kH í x&mrS oGm;Edik af wmYrnfr[kw?f tu,fí yxrajcvSr;f
qJcPü uHonfuek cf jYJ im;tH?Y xdyk xrajcvSr;f üyiftouf ukeq f ;kH í
wpfzef 'kwd,ajcvSrf;udk vSrf;EdkifawmYrnfr[kwf/
tu,fí xrif;vkwf qGrf;vkwf 0g;aeqJ pm;aeqJcPü
uHonfukefcJYjim;tHY? xdk0g;qJ pm;qJcPüyif toufukefqHk;í
xd0k g;Ny;D pm;Ny;D aom xrif;vkwf qGr;f vkwu f kd rsKEd ikd af wmYrnfr[kw?f
tu,fí xrif;vkwf qGr;f vkwf rsKq d cJ Pü uHonf ukecf jYJ im;tH?Y
xdkrsKdqJcPü uHonfukefcJYjim;tHh? xdkrsKdqJcPü toufukefí
wpfzef topf xrif;vkwf qGrf;vkwfudk 0g;EkdifawmYrnf r[kwf/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 232
tu,fí xGuo f uf½LS cdu
k üf yif toufuek q f ;kH í wpfzef
0ifouf½SLdufEdkifawmYrnf r[kwf? tu,fí 0ifouf½SLdufcdkufü
uHonfukefcJYjim;tHY? xdk0ifouf½SLdufcdkufüyif toufukefqHk;í
igonf wpfzef xGufouf ½SLEdkifawmYrnf r[kwfygNyDwum;-[k
tzefzef ESvHk;oGif;&m\? tzefzefqifjcif atmufarY&m\/
þuJYodkY tzefzefqifjcifatmufarYaom a,m*Dyk*¾dKvftm;
rdrdao&rSmudk jrifí vGefpGmwdkonfwdkifatmifjrifí rdrdao&rSm
vdkxifNyD; pdwfi,fí aMumuf½GHUwkefvIyfívnf; oGm;wwf\?
xdkodkYrjzpf &atmif owdaqmifí qifjcifatmufarY&m\/
eacg t[aOöa0aum r&P"ar®m r&PH tewD-
awm? txacg ,m0wm owÅmeH tm*wd *wd pkwd
Oyywåd? oaAÁowåm r&P"r®m r&PH tewDawm/
(yOö*Fkwå&ygVdawmf tbdPSokwf)
teuf / /t[aOö0{aum? igwpfa,mufwnf;omvQif/
r&P"ar®m? ao&jcif;oabm&Sdonf/ r&PH? ao&jcif;udk/
tewDawm? rvGefEkdifonf/ eacg? r[kwf/ txacg? pifppfaomf
um;/ ,m0wm? tMuifrQavmuf/ owåmeH? owå0gwdt Yk m;/ tm*wd?
a&S;b0rS þypöKyÜefb0odkY y#doaE¨ ae&atmif vmjcif;oabm
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 233
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rvGefEdkifMuukef? aoMu&ukefvwåHY-[lívnf; qifjcifatmufarY
Muav/
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vm½S d y k H u m;
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hf pfnOfah vmufaom touf½n S pf mG
ae&vdrfhrnf[k xif\/
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rnf[k xif\/
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ae&vdrfhrnf[k xif\/
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om ae&vdrfhrnf[k xif\/
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ae&vdrfhrnf[k xif\/
7/ wpfyg;rSm qGr;f wpfvw k pf m;Ny;D í rsKí
d qGr;f -1-vkwpf m;Ny;D
umvrQavmufom ae&vdrfhrnf[k xif\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 234
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þ &[ef;-8-yg;wkdYwGif a½SU-6-yg;ukd r&PmEkówd txif
av;ao;atmif arharhavsmhavsmhaeaomolç aemuf-2-yg;ukd
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rl\/
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omoemü-yxr&[ef;avmuf
xifjrefvQiyf if tawmftoifh aeomxkid o f m ½Sad yNy?D tzk;d wefvNS y?D
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atufarhonf ½Sad omf-8-a,mufajrmuf aemufq;Hk tyÜrm'0d[m&D
&[ef;uJhokdY xGufouf 0ifouf 1-½SLxGuf 1-½IdufxGuf umvrQ
avmuf wkdawmif;pGm xifjrifMuvwåHU/
þokdY wpfavmuvkH;ESifhwuG rdrdao&vdrfhrnfukd tzefzef
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ao&rnfukd umvwkdawmif;pGm xifjrif&av\? þodkYxifjrifí
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pdwfonf pGJNrJvsuf wnfMunf\? Oypm&psmefudk &\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 235
þr&PmEkówdur®|mef;onfvnf;- aojcif;oabmu
ZD0w
d ad `E\
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edrdwf&aumif;aom w&m;r[kwfjcif;aMumifh tyÜempsmefudkum;
rjzpfapEdkif/
r&PmEkówd ur®|mef;NyD;\/
------------
(ps)um,uwmowd u r® | mef ; yG m ;rsm;tm;xk w f y H k
um,uwmowd[lonfum; m;- qHyifç tarG;ç vufonf;
ajconf;ç oGm;ç ta&ç tom;ç taMumç t½dk;ç jcifqDç tnd§KUç
ESvHk;ç tonf;ç tajr§;ç tzsOf;ç tqkwfç tlrç tlodrfç tpmopfç
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rsuf&nfç qDMunfç wHawG;ç ESyfç tap;ç usifi,f? þ 32-yg;aom
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xdkum,*wmowdudk yGm;rsm;tm;xkwfvdkaom a,m*D
yk*¾Kdvfonf þ'Gwåðoum,udk tqif;ç oP²mefç wnf&mXmeç
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 236
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udkomvQifMunfh½Ií ae&m\/
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ay:ípufqkyfzG,f tjcif;t&mtm;jzifY ESvHk;oGif;í tzefzef
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y#dbm* edrw d u
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<uif;aomaum|mowdkYukdvnf; aphatmif edrdwf,lí yxrpsmef
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 237
aZmukd usaptyf\/
þum,uwmowd ur®|mef;onf;- tokbur®|mef;
uJhodkY tm½Hk½kefY&if;Murf;wrf;jcif;aMummifh txuf\'kwd,psmef
udkum; rjzpfapEdkif/
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d psmef
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wuf&m\/
um,*wmowd ur®|mef;NyD;\/
-----------
(n) tmemygeówd u r® | mef ; yG g ;rsm;tm;xk w f y H k
tmemygeówd[lonfum;- xGufouf0ifoufavudk
tm½Hjk yKíjzpfaom owduakd c:onf? xdt
k memygeówdukd yGm;rsm;
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jyK&rnf? trIrJh trSwfrJh owdrvpfap&? owdonmjzifh odvkdufç
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 238
rSwfrdvkdufíomvQif xGufaptyf\? 0ifaptyf\/
yXru@ yxrcef ;
1/ aom oawm0 tómowdd oawm0 yómowd/
'k w d , u@- 'k w d , cef ;
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'DCH 0g yóóaEÅm 'DCH yóómrDwd yZmemwd? &óH 0g
tóóaEÅ m &óH tóómrD w d yZmemwd ? &óH 0g
yóóaEÅm &óH yóómrDwd yZmemwd/
wwd , u@-wwd , cef ;
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oAÁum,y#doHa0'D yóodómrDwd odu©wd/
pwk w ¬ u @-pwk w ¬ c ef ;
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(Oy&dyPÖmo ygVdawmf)
1/ aom? xkdtmemygeówd ur®|mef;ukd tm;xkwfvkdaom
a,m*Dy*k K¾ v
d of nf/ oawm0? rvpfaprIowdjyKíomvQi/f tóm
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yómowd? 0ifouf ½SL\/
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 239
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0ifoufig½SL\[lí/ yZmemwd? od\/
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odu©wd? tm;xkwf\/
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½SLaytHh/ £wd? þokdY/ odu©wd? tm;xkwf\/
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(c) vHk;pHkvif;&m? w-üom? p-rSm jidrf;apbd/
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tm;xkw&f onf/
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[kç wdkvQif wdkonf[k odatmif tm;xkwf&onf/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 240
3/ wwd,cef;rSm xGufouf 0ifoufwdkYudk tpç tv,fç
tqHk; xifvif;atmiftm;xkwf&onf/
4/ pwkw¬cef;rSm ½kefY&if;aom xGufouf 0ifoufwdkYudk
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(þum; pwkuú 4-ck t"dyÜg,ftusOf;wnf;/)
yxrcef ;
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ESmoD;zsm;üaomfvnf;aumif;? txufEIwfcrf;zsm;üaomfvnf;
aumif;? xGuo f uf 0ifoufw\ Ykd xdrcI u
kd rf I xif&mS ;&m wpfcck ak om
Xmeü pdwfudkcdkifNrJpGm pdkufxm;í xGufwdkif; 0ifwdkif;odatmif
tm;xkwf&onf? 1-em&D 2-em&D ponfjzifY wwfpGrf;EdkiforQ
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pGmaeí xGuo f rQ 0iforQukd 1-ck rvGwo f rd yI ikd Ef ikd o
f nfh wdik af tmif
tm;xkw&f onf/
yxrcef;Ny;D \/
'k w d , cef ;
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xGufouf 0ifoufudk ½SnfvQif ½SnfrSef; odap&rnf? wdkvQif
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odatmif tm;xkwf&onf? xGufouf 0ifouf txGuft0if aES;
onfudk t½Snfqdkonf? jrefonfudk twdkqdkonf? aES;vQif aES;rIç
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 241
jrefvQif jrefrIudk odap&rnf qdkvdkonf/
'kwd,cef;NyD;\/
wwd , cef ;
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ESmoD;zsm;rS csufwdkifatmif udk,fum,twGif;ü xGufouf
0ifoufwu Ykd kd tpç tv,fç tqH;k -tukev
f ;kH xifvif;pGm pdwrf mS jrif
&atmif tm;xkwf&onf/
wwd,cef;Ny;D \/
pwk w ¬ c ef ;
4/ pwkw¬cef;rSm xdkodkY tpç tv,fç tqHk;-tukefvHk;
xifvif;rI ydik Ef ikd Nf y;D aemuf ½ke&Yf if;pGmaom xGuo
f uf0ifoufwu
Ykd kd
tqifq
Y ifY odraf rGUí oGm;atmif tm;xkw&f onf? igü xGuo f uf
0ifouf aysmufoGm;NyD[k xif&atmif tm;xkwf&onf/
(þum; yxrpwkw¬ygVdawmfjrwf ygXfavQmuft"dyÜg,fwnf;/)
t|uxmBuD ; wd k Y e nf ;
,cktcg þyxrpwkuút&mü t|uxmBuD;wdkYrSm vm
aomenf;vrf;udk jyqdkaytHY/
*Pem-taES;tjref? tpOfrSef? 2-wef a&wGufenf;/
tEkAE¨em-tNrJtjref? twG,foef? wpfzefzGJUxm;enf;/
Xmyem-Nidrf0yfysHUysL;? pdwfpdkufpl;? txl;pdwfxm;enf;/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 242
t"dyÜg,fum; m;-xGuo f uf 0ifoufw\ Ykd xdcu kd &f m|meonf
ESmoD;zsm;ç txufEw I cf rf;zsm;-[lí 2-yg;½S\
d / tcsKUd aomolwt Ykd m;
ESmoD;zsm;ü xdcdkufrI xif&Sm;\? rdrdxif&Sm;&mwpfckckudk tpGJjyKí?
tpüa&wGuef nf;jzifY tm;xkw&f m\? tv,fü tpOfvu kd ef nf;jzifY
tm;xkwf&m\? tqHk;ü xGufouf 0ifoufwdkYü tcdkiftNrJ pdwf
xm;enf;jzifY tm;xkwf&m\/
xdk 3-yg;wdkYwGif a&wGufenf;onf aES;aES;a&wGufenf;ç
jrefjrefa&wGufenf;[lí 2-yg;&Sd\/ xdkwGif-
aES;aES;a&wGufenf;qdkonfum; m;- Xme 2-yg;wGif wpfyg;
yg;ü pdwu f pkd u
kd x
f m;í xGuo f uf 0ifouf 2-yg;udk ESv;kH oGi;f aom
tcg tpü pdwfrNidrfoufao;onfh twGufaMumifh xGufouf
0ifoufwdkYonf tcsufwdkif; tcsufwdkif; pdwfü xif&Sm;ukefao;
onfr[kwf? rxif&Sm;aom tcsufpkvnf; yg&Sdukefao;\?
xdkYaMumifY rxif&Sm;aom tcsufpkudk ra&wGufrlí xif&Sm;aom
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ownf;/
0g& tBud r f j yKí *Pem a&wG u f e nf ;
a&wGuf&müvnf;-
1-2-3-4-5-wGif wpf0g&/
1-2-3-4-5-6-wGif wpf0g&/
1-2-3-4-5-6-7-wGif wpf0g&/
1-2-3-4- 5-6-7-8-wGif wpf0g&/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 243
1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-wGif wpf0g&/
1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-wGif wpf0g&/
þodkY 6-0g&wdkYjzifh a&wGuf&m\/
(yxr0g&ç 'kwd,0g&ç wwd,0g&ç pwkw¬0g&ç yOör0g&ç
q|r0g&-[lívnf; tpOftwdkif; ac:&\/)
(q|r0g& 6-BudrfajrmuNfyD;vQif yxr0g& tp a&S;OD;
tBudrfodkYjyefav? ¤if; 6-0gvHk;udkrS wpf0g&-[lvnf; ac:Mu\/)
a&S;OD;pGm pdwuf kd ESmacgif;0ü pdu
k x
f m;í xGuo
f uf 0ifouf
2-yg;wGif xif&Sm;&mwpfckckudk 1-[k a&wGuf&m\? ¤if;aemuf
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 245
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 246
toyÜ g , 7-yg;
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 247
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---------
ed r d w f 3-yg;ç bm0em 3-yg;cG J e nf ;
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 248
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 249
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[lí rdefYNyD/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 250
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f xm;jim;aomfvnf; xd&mXmerS
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vnf; tvdkvdk xifjrifvmvwåHU/
t½Snf twdkodrI pJGNrJaomtcgü-
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 251
oAÁum,yÜ#doHa0'D tóodómrDwd odu©wd?
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oufoP²mefudk pdwüf xif½mS ;atmifjyKí0ifouf½LS rnf[k Oóm[
jyKí ½SL&rnf/
xdkokdYjyK&müvnf; ESmoD;zsm;[k qdktyfaom xd&mXmeü
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pdwfxm;rIukdvTwfí rvdkuf&? xd&mXmeukd vTwfí rvdkufaomf
vnf; tpç tv,fç tqHk;-tukefvkH;xif½Sm;aprnf-[laom
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tpç tv,fç tqHk;-tukefvHk; xifvif;pGm xifjrif
aomtcgü-
yórÇ,H um,ocFg&H tóodómrDwd odu©wd?
yórÇ,H um,ocFg&H yóodómrDwd odu©wd/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 252
[laom pwkw¬ygVdawmfESifYtnD tqifYqifY ½kefY&if;rI\
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igwdkYawGYjrif &zl;\/
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a&mufouJhodkY/ a[mwd? jzpf\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 253
(xuf0,fzGJYacG xdkifae&mrS ajrESifh vufav;opfcefY uGm
atmif aumif;uifodkY wuf<uí aeolrsm;udk Mum;&zl;\/)
þodkY uG,faysmufaom tjcif;t&modkY a&mufaomtcg
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wpfzefay:vGif xif&Sm;í vmonf&dSaomf y#dbm*edrdwf jzpfay:
vm\? xdktcg aMumufjcif;ç vefYjcif;çtdyfjcif;ç ysif;&djcif;paom
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(þum; yxrpwkuú ygVdawmfenf;ESifh t|uxmenf;udk
ESD;aESmjyykHwnf;)
t|uxmü *Pemç tEkAE¨emç zkoemç Xyemç ov’uP © mç
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zkoem-[laom xd&mXmeESiw hf uG *Pemtcef;ç tEkAE¨emtcef;ç
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pwkuúonf vdk&if;y"mewnf;? ,cktcgü þyxrpwkuú tvkyf
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(þum; tmemygeówdur®|mef;yGm;rsm; tm;xkwfykHwnf;)
tEkówdur®|mef; NyD;\/
------------
7-jA[® 0 d [ m& ur® | mef ; ud k jyqd k c ef ;
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xkwfvdkaom a,m*Dyk*¾Kdvfonf þodkY yGm;rsm;&m\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 254
uk o d k v f & ½k H yG m ;rsm;enf ;
arwåmyGm;rsm;enf;onf ukodkvf&½kH yGm;rsm;enf;ç psmef
tyÜem&atmif yGm;rsm;enf;[k 2-rsKd;&dSonf? xkd 2-rsKd;wdkYwGif
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f ;Hk çwpftrd v
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okca0'em r[kwfbJ Oayu©ma0'emjzpfí {u*¾wmESifhwuG
psmeft*gF 2-yg;ESifh jynfhpHkaom yOörpsmef tyÜem0Dxd usvm\?
yOörpsmefu&kd \? xdyk Oörpsmefut kd m;aumif;atmifç NrNJ rcH ikd cf ahH tmifç
0oDabmfEdkifatmif jyKtyf\/
atmufjA[®0d[m&wdkYjzifh pwkw¬psmef&NyD;í txufyO®r
psmefukd jzpfapvdak omtcg þuJo h Ykd pdwx
f üJ owå0gwdu Yk kd csr;f om
atmif-ponfjzifh aMumifhMupdkufjcif; Asmyg&udk ½kyfodrf;í olYrSm
uH o mvQif tjyKtjyif tpD t &if u d k ; uG , f & m Opö m &S d o nf ?
ur®óum-wnf;[k vspfvsLOayu©mjzifh qifjcifMunfh½Ionfudk
Oayu©mjA[®0[ d m&-udk yGm;rsm;onf[k rSwMf u? Oayu©mudk yGm;rsm;
&rnfqv kd Ykd owå0gudk awmxJrmS &Sad eaom jrufru dI xf if;acsmif;wdv Yk kd
trSwfr&bJ tm½HkrjyKbJ arYavsmhae&onfr[kwf? trSwfr&ç
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 264
ESvHk;roGif;ç tm½HkrjyKç arYavsmhae&onfh tem&r®P Oayu©mrsdK;
r[kwf? atmufjA[®0d[m& pwkw¬psmefpdwf ouf0ifpGJwG,fí
aeonfh yk*¾dKvfudkyifvQif pdwfESifhpGJwG,f ouf0ifíç tm½HkjyKí
ae&onf/
pdwxf rJ mS csr;f omjcif;-ponfjzpfapvdw k hJ aMumifMh updu
k jf cif;
Asmyg&rQudkom ½kyfodrf;&onf? ur®óum-taeESifh aMumifhMu
pdkufjcif;Asm&udk½kyforf;í xdkyk*¾dKvfudkyifvQif vspfvsL-Oayu©m
pdwfESifh Munfh&Iítm½HkjyKí pGJwG,fíae&onf? þOayu©m
jA[®0d[m&-rSm ukodkvf&½Hk yGg;rsm;rI[lír&Sd? atmufç jA[®0d[m&
pwkwp¬ smefurkd &bJ owå0gwdu Yk kd olu
Y EH iS o
hf l ]]ur®óum}}wnf;[k
&IvdkYukodkvfrjzpf? tukodkvfvnf; rjzpf? awmxJrSm&Sdaeaom
jrufrIdufç xif;acsmif;wdkYudk vspfvsL&IwJY tem&r®P Oayu©mrsKd;
wnf;/
Oayu©mjA[®0d[m&-ur®|mef;NyD;\/
----------
jA[® 0 d [ m&ur® | mef ; ü rS w f z G , f
arwåmmudk yGg;rsm;aom oltm; u½kPmç rk'w d mmç Oayu©m-
wdo
Yk nf txl;rsm;pGm tm;rxkw&f bJ tvdv k jkd ynfph vkH mMuawmh\/
xdkYaMumifh arwåmudkomvQif a&S;ODpGmtm;xkwftyf\? tm;xkwf
&m\? þarwåm\ tusdK;tmedoifonf tvGefrsm;\? BuD;rm;
jrifhjrwf\? b0orÜwåd tusdK;ay;oefaom aumif;aomuH
trsm;wdw Yk iG f þarwåmuHonf txGwt f jrwfq;kH tomqH;k wnf;?
arwåmuHudk wkNydKifEdkifaomuH [lír&Sd? tEkówdwdkYwGif Ak'¨g
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 265
Ekówd-uHonfb0orÜwåd tusdK;ay;oef\? BuD;rm;jrifhjrwf\?
xdkYaMumifh b0rsm;pGm ae&OD;rnfY bk&m;jzpfvdkaom bk&m;qkyef
yk*¾dKvfrsm;rSm txl;tm;jzifh Ak'¨gEkówdESifh arwåm 2-yg;udk vuf
udkifxm;Mu&m\? yGg;rsm;Mu&m\? arwåmudkyGg;rsm;vQif <uif;aom
jA[®0d[m&wdkYvnf;ygí vdkufukefawmh\/
jA[®0d[m&ur®|mef;ü rSwfzG,fNyD;\/
----------
8-tm½k y Ü u r® | mef ; ud k jyqd k c ef ;
(u) yXrtm½k y Ü u r® | mef ; yG m ;rsm;tm;xk w f y H k
tm&kyÜ 4-yg;udk yGg;rsm;vdkaom a,m*Dyk*¾dKvfonf uodkPf;
wdjYk zifh yOörpsmefu&kd í xufoef tm;aumif;atmifç NrNJ rcH ikd cf ahH tmifç
0oD a bmf E d k i f a tmif j yKNyD ; í xd k u od k P f ; [l a om ½k y f w &m;ud k
vnf;aumif;ç xd½k yk w f &m;vQif tm½H&k adS om ½lypsmefuv kd nf;aumif;ç
atmufusao;onfç nHhzsif;ao;onf-[k tjypfjrifí rkef;í
txuft½lypsmefukd odraf rGUrGejf rwf\? aumif;\-[k ESpo f ufcspcf if
vdkcsifawmifhwí xdktxuft½ly tmumomeOöm,we-psmef
jzpfapvdkç &vdkaomtcg-
tmumo uodkPf;rS <uif;aomuodkPf; 9-yg;wdkYwGif
wpfyg;yg;udktm½HkjyKí yOöpsmefudk 0ifpm;í psmefrSxNyD;vQif xdk
uodkPf;0ef;udkyifvQif tm½HkjyKí rsufESma&S;ücif;zsefYxm;í
xdkuodkPf;0ef;udk apYapYpyfpyfMunfhí þae&mü uodkPf;0ef;
r[kw?f r&S?d aumif;uif[if;vif;wnf;? aumif;uif [if;vif;wnf;-
[kuodkPf;0ef;udk ESvHk;roGif;bJ aumif;uif [if;vif;taeESifh
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 266
tzefzefEv S ;kH oGi;f í ½Ivu kd of nf&adS omf uodP
k ;f 0ef;uG,af ysmufí
xdkuodkPf;0ef;ae&mü [if;vif; aumif;uifuGufjzpfí xif\/
Oyrm
Oyrm-jywif;aygufudk yk0gum;Muuf qD;wm;í Munfh&Ií
aeqJü avwdkufí yk0gvGifhus oGm;ojzifh y0gae&mü [if;vif;
aumif;uifuGufjzpfí xifjrif&bdouJhodkYwnf;? þaumif;uif
uGuu f kd uodP k ;f udck gG í uG,af ysmufapí &tyfaom aumif;uif
jzpfíuodPk*¢g#dr-aumif;uif-[kac:\? þ ]]uodPk*¢g#dr-
aumif;uif}} udk Oyg'fç bif[al om tptqH;k r&Sad om aumif;uif
[if;vif;? aumif;uif[if;vif;[k pdwx f u
J rSwí f tzefzefMunf&h I
onf&Sdaomf Oayu©mç {u*¾wm-[laom psmeft*gFESpfyg;ESifh jynfh
pHkaom yO®rpsmef tyÜem0Dxdusvm\/
þyÍörpsmefudk uodkPf;-[laom ½kyfw&m;udk rkef;aomç
vGefajrmufaomç tm½kHrjyKaom psmefjzpfí t½lypsmef[k ac:\?
Oyg'fç bif-[laom tptqHk;r&Sdaom aumif;uifvQif wnf&m
rSDwG,f&m tm½kH&SdaomaBumifh tmumomeOöm,we psmef-[lí
ac:\? þtmumomeOöm,we t½lypsmefonfyifvQif tmum
omeOöm,we tm½kyrÜ nf\? yxr &tyfç a&muftyfaom t½ly
psmefjzpfí yXrm½kyÜpsmef-[lívnf;ac:\/
yXrm½lyÜur®|mef; NyD;\/
----------------
(c) 'k w d , m ½k y Ü u r® | mef ; yG m ;rsm; tm;xk w f y H k
þ yXrm½kyÜpsmefudk xufoef tm;aumif;atmif NrJjrH
cdik cf aYH tmif 0oDabmfEikd af tmifjyKNy;D í txuf'w
k ,
d psmefukd wufvkd
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 267
jzpfapvdak omtcg atmufpsmefxuf txufpsmefukd cspcf ifvckd sií f
þ]]uodPk*¢m#dr-aumif;uif}} udktm½kHjyKí yXrm½kyÜpsmefudk
0ifpm;í psmefrSxNyD;vQif xdk,ck0ifpm;íç jzpfí csKyfavNyD;aom
twdwf yXrm½kypÜ smefpw d 0f n
d mOfukd Oy'fç bif-tp tqH;k r&Sad om
aumif;uifudk tm½kHjyKaom 0dnmOfç 0dnOf[k pdwfxJu rSwfvsuf
tzefzef Munf½h oI nf½adS omf Oayu©mç {u*¾wm-psmeft*Fg 2-yg;ESihf
jynfhpHkaom yOörpsmefaZm tyÜem0Dxd usvm\? y½lypsmefudk &\/
þpsmefudk teEÅaumif;uifudk tm½kHjyKíjzpfojzifh teEÅ
rnfaomyXrm½ky0Ü n d mOfvQif wnf&mç rSw D ,
G &f m tm½H&k jdS cif;aMumifh
0dnmPOöm,we psmef[kac:\?2-Budrfajrmuf &tyf a&muftyf
aom t½lypsmefjzpfí 'kwd,m½kyÜpsmef-[lívnf; ac:\/
eD0&Puif;í pdwfÓPfMunfaom tcgrlum; rdrd\
pdwfjzpfaeyHkudk vif;vif;jcif;jcif; xifjrif&onf? pdwfawGu
a&SUpdwaf emufpw
d f tquftpyf tvGeaf phvsuf tvGejf refpmG jzpfí
aeMuonfjzpfjcif;aMumifh nOfhtcg rD;pudk,rf;&müuJhodkY xifjrif
&onf/
xdkyXrm½kyÜ0dnmOfcsKyfí oGm;NyD;Nim;aomfvnf; 0ifpm;í
aepOftcgu aumif;uif[if;vif; uGufudk pdyfykwD;uHk;udk ykwD;
apYrsm; xdkoDxm;bdouJYodk tm½HkjyKí pJGwG,fNyD; rwkefrvIyf
Nird o
f ufpmG wef;Ny;D jzpfí aeyHt k wdik ;f udk þ'kw, d m½ky0Ü n d mOfonf
vif;vif;jcif;jcif; xifjrifí tm½HkjyKí pGJwG,fNyD;jzpfonf/
'kwd,m½kyÜur®|mef; NyD;\/
--------------
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 268
(*) wwd , m½k y Ü u r® | mef ; yG m ;rsm;tm;xk w f y H k
þ 'kwd,m½kyÜpsmefudk xufoeftm;aumif; NrJJNrHcdkifcHY
0oDabmfEdkifatmifjyKNyD;í txuf wwd,m½kyÜpsmefudk wufvdkç
jzpfapvdkaomtcg-
atmuf p smef x uf txuf p smef omvG e f jrif h j rwf \ ?
aumif;\-[k atmufpsmefurkd ek ;f í txufpsmefukd cspcf ifvckd sií f
yXrm½kyÜ0dnmOfudk tm½HkjyKí 'kwd,m½kyÜpsmefudk 0ifpm;í psmefrS
xNyD;vQif,ck igtm½HkjyKtyfaom aumif;uifuGufü wef;NyD;jzpf
aeonfh þyxrm½kyÜ0dnmOfonf ]]r½Sdbl;-r½Sdbl;}} [k uodkPf;udk
cGg&müuJhodkY xdk0dnmOfudkr½Sdatmifç aysmufatmif-ESvHk;oGif;í
½Ivdkufç azsmufzsufvdkufonf½Sdaomf aumif;uifuGufü wef;NyD;
jzpfaeonfh xdyk Xrm½ky0Ü nd mOfwef;Bu;D udk jrifae&mu rjrifbjJ zpfí
oGm;\? aumif;uifuu G x f üJ yXrm½ky0Ü n
d mOf wef;Bu;D r&Sb d jJ zpfí
oGm;\? aumif;uifuGufxJü xdkyXrm½kyÜ0dnmOf\ r&Sdonfudkom
jrifavawmh\/
Oyrm
Oyrm-odrftjyifü oHCmtpnf;ta0;udk jrifNyD;í wydk
wyg;cPoGm;í oHCmtpnf; ta0;ysufí xoGm;MuNyD; aemuf
rSa&mufvmí Munfhvwfaomf odrftjyifü oHCmudk rjrifbJ
oHCmr&Sdonfudkom jrifavbdouJhodkYwnf;/
xdktcg xdkyXrm½kyÜ0dnmOf\r&Sdjcif; tbm0ynwfrQudk
tm&HkjyKí ]]ew¬d udOöd}}ç ew¬d udOöd-yXrm½kyÜ0dnmOf tenf;i,frQ
r&Sb
d ;l ç tenf;i,frQr&Sbd ;l -[kpw
d x
f u
J rSwv f suf xdrk ½Sjd cif; tbm0
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 269
udk tzefzef ESv;Hk oGi;f vwfç Munf½h v I wfaomf Oayu©mç {u*¾wm
psmeft*Fg 2-yg;ESihf jynfph akH om yÍörpsmefaZm tyÜem0Dxd usvm\?
t½lyyÍö rpsmefudk&\/ þpsmefudk yXrm½kyÜ0dnmOf\ tenf;i,f
pdk;pOf;rQ tbm0ynwfvQif wnf&mrSDwG,f&m tm½Hk½Sdjcif;aMumifh
tmudÍn ö m,wepsmef[k ac:\? 3-Burd af jrmuf&tyfç a&muftyf
aom t½lypsmefjzpfí wwd,m½kyÜpsmef-[lívnf; ac:\/
wwd,m½kyu Ü r®|mef;Ny;D \/
(C) pwk w ¬ m ½k y Ü u r® | mef ; yG m ;rsm;tm;xk w f y H k
þwwd,m½kyÜpsmefudk xufoefcdkifcHh 0ooDabmfEdkifatmif
jyKNyD;í txuf pwkw¬m½kyÜpsmefudk wufvdkç jzpfapvdkaomtcg-
atmufpsmefxuf txufpsmef omvGejf rifjh rwf\? aumif;
\-[katmufpsmefudk rkef;í txufpsmefudk cspfcifvdkcsifí yXrm
½ky0Ü nd mOf\r½Sjd cif; tbm0ynwfukd tm½kjH yKí wwd,m ½kypÜ smefukd
0ifpm;ípsmefrSxjyD;vQif xdk,ck0ifpm;í jzpfícsKyfavNyD;aom
twduw f wd,m½kypÜ smefpw d f 0dnmOfuykd if þ0dnmOfonf tvGeo f rd f
arGUNird of uf\? odraf rGUNird of uf\-[k pdwx f uJ rSwv f suf tm½kjH yKí
tzefzef ESvHk;oGif;vwfç Munfh½IUvwfonf½Sdaomf Oayu©mç
{u*¾wmpsmeft*Fg 2-yg;ESihf jynfph akH om yOörpsmefaZm tyÜem0Dxd
usvm\? t½lypsmefudk&\/
þpsmefukd aysmufoavmufe;D eD; tvGeo f rd af rGUíoGm; ojzifY
½ke&Yf if;aom onmum; r½S?d tvGeo f rd af rGUaom onmrQom ½Sjd cif;
aMumifY ae0onmemonm,wepsmef-[k ac:\? 4-Budrfajrmuf
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 270
&tyf a&muftyfaom t½lypsmef jzpfjcif;aMumifh pwkwm¬ ½kypÜ smef-
[lívnf;ac:\? þpsmefukdvnf; xufoeftm; aumif;atmif
NrJNrHcdkifcHYatmif 0oDabmfEdkifatmif jyKtyf\/
pwkw¬m½kyÜ ur®|mef; NyD;\/
------------
0darmu© 8-yg;ç ormywf 8-yg;ç 9-yg;
tEk y k A Á 0 d [ m&ormywf 9-yg;
1/ ½lypsmefu pwkuúenf;tm;jzifh 4-yg;ç t½lypsmefu 4-
yg; þ 8-yg;ukd eD0&Ppaom ab;&efwdkYrS uif;pifuRwfvGwf
jcif;aMumifh 0darmu© 8-yg; [lívnf; ac:\/
2/ 0ifpm;tyfjcif;aMumifh ormywf 8-yg; [lívnf;ac:\/
3/ þormywf 8-yg;xJokdY eda&m"ormywfudk xnfhoGif;
vQif ormywf 9-yg; jzpf\/
4/ þ 9-yg;aom ormywfudk tpOftwdik ;f 0ifpm;tyf aom
tEkykAÁ0d[m& ormywf 9-yg; [lí ac:\/
þ ormywf 9-yg;udk umr&m* uif;pOfNy;d aom ½ky½f adS om
tem*grfç &[EÅmyk*¾Kdvf 2-OD;wdkYrSomvQif 0ifpm;Edkif\/
0ifpm;yHkum;m;- a½S;OD;pGm yXrpsmefukd wpfcPrQ 0ifpm;í
psmefrx S Ny;D vQif xdyk Xrpsmefudk tedpçö 'kuç© tewå-[k wdvu©Pm
wif½t I yf\? Ny;D vQif 'kw, d psmefukd 0ifpm;í psmefrS xí þ'kw,d
psmefudkvnf; a½S;enf;wl tedpöç 'ku©ç tewå-[k wdvu©Pm
wif½t I yf\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 271
þenf;wl tpOftwdkif; tmudÍönm,we ormywfwdkif
atmiformywf 7-yg;vHk;ukd 0ifpm;í tedpöç 'ku©ç tewå-[k
wdvu©Pmwif½í I Ny;D aomtcg eda&m"ormywf 0ifpm;&mrS xí
tvsit f jref pkwpd w d rf sm; usroGm;&atmif pkwpd w d u f srnft
h cgrsm;
a0;ao;\vm;-[kMunfharQmfí rdrdtvdk½Sdoavmuf umvudk
rSef;xm;í-
1/ b,ftcgusvQif xEdkifapownf;/
2/ xdkumv twGif;rSmvnf; bk&m;½Sifac:vQifvnf;
xEdkif apownf;/
3/ oH C mh u d p ö ½ S d í igh u d k a wmif h w arQmf v if Y v Qif v nf ;
xEdkifapownf;/
4/ ig\ oydwçf y&du&© mç ypön;f b@mwdo Yk nfvnf; bm
wpfpHkwpfckaMumifYrS rysufpD;Edkifapownf;-
[k "d|mefjcif; ykAÁudpöudk jyKNyD;vQif ae0onmemonm
,weormywfudk 0ifpm;tyf\? xdkormywf psmefaZm 1-Budrfç
2-Burd af vmuf usNy;D vQif pdwrf jzpfvmbJ pdwt f pOf jywfí csKyí f
rdrdrSef;xm;orQ umvtwGif; pdwfç apwoduf-r½SdbJ ½kyfcsnf;
oufoufjzpfíaeavawmY\? þuJo Y Ydk pdwçf apwodu-f csKyjf cif;okYd
qdkufa&mufíaeonfukd eda&m"ormywf 0ifpm;onf[k ac:\/
xcsdefusaomtcg edAÁmefukd tm½kHjyKvsuf zdkvfpdwf jzpfay:
vmíeda&m"ormywfrS\? þuJYokdY "d|mefí eda&m"ormywf
0ifpm;íaeaomyk*K¾ v d u f dk wwfEikd v f Qif tajrmufEiS yYf pf? rvJawmYNy/D
rD;ESifY½SdKU? ravmifawmYNyD? olaeaom ausmif;ukd ysufpD;atmifç
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 272
rD;ravmifatmifrwwfEdkifawmYNyD? ypönf;b@m y&du©&mESifYwuG
um,od'¨d NyD;pD;íaeawmY\? t"d|mefjyKvkyfvQif olomNyD;pD;\?
y&du©&mb@m rNyD;pD;NyD/
(þum; tEkykAÁ0d[m& ormywf 9-yg;ukd0ifpm;yHkwnf;/)
tonowf j A[® m
þ ormywf 8-yg;wdw Yk iG f ½lypwkwp¬ smefu&kd aom yk*K¾ v
d o
f nf
þ emrf½Sdjcif;aMumifY pkd;&drf ylyef& 'ku©a&muf&onf? emrfr&SdbJ
½kyfcsnf;oufoufae&vQif bmudkrQ rod&bJ at; at;csrf;csrf;
ae&\? aumif;\-[kawmifhwí emrfudkom tjypfjrifíç rkef;í
&kyfudk tjypfrjrifbJ rrkef;bJ ½kyfESifh aevdkaom pdwfqE´&Sdvsuf
psmef r avsmh b J pk a wcJ h v Qif emrf r &S d a om ½k y f o m &S d a om
tonowf jA[®bHkodkYa&mufí tonowfjA[®mjzpf&m\?
urÇmBuD; ig;&mtouf&Snf\ urÇmBuD;ig;&maphvQif pwkw¬psmef
apwemuHukefí xdktonowfjA[®aumif ½kyfwHk;BuD; uG,fcsKyf
pkawí a&S;ujyKzl;aom umrukodkvfuHaMumifh vlUbHkü ½kyfemrf
2-yg;pHkjzpfay:í vljzpf&jyef\/
t&l y jA[®m
þtm½kyÜpsmefudk &aomyk*¾dKvfonfvnf; tu,fírdrdu
þudk,fcE¨m ½kyfaumifBuD;&SdvdkYom t&dkufcH&ç txdk;cH&ç tem
ayguf&ç zsm;&ç em&ç'ku©rsdK;pHk a&muf&onf? ½kyfr&SdbJ emrfcsnf;
oufouf ae&vQif bmwpfpHkwpfckrQ rxdcdkufEdkifbJ at;at;
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 273
csrf;csrf; ae&\? aumif;\-[kawmifhwí &kyfudkom tjypfjrifí
rkef;í emrfudktjypfrjrifbJ rrkef;bJ emrfESifhaevdkaom pdwfqE´&Sd
vsuf psmefravQmbJ pkawcJv h Qif ½kyrf &Sed mrfom&Sad om t½lyjA[®m
bHok akd &mufí t½lyjA[®mjzpf&\? txufq;kH ae0onm emonm
,webHük urÇmBu;D (84000)touf&n S \ f urÇmo h ufwrf;aphvQif
pkaeí ½kyfemrf 2-yg;pHkjzpfay:í umrbHküjzpf&jyef\/
tu,fí þyk*¾dKvfu xdkpwkw¬psmefç tm½kyÜpsmefwdkYudk
&jim;aomfvnf; rdred mrfuçkd rdru d &Z½kyf udrk rd u d rrke;f bJ xdb
k w
kH u
Ykd kd
rawmifhwjim;thH? xdktonowfçt½lybHkwdkYrSmrjzpf? ½kyfemrf2-
yg;pHkaom <uif;aomjA[®mbHkwdkYrSmom jzpf\? umrbHkwdkYrSmjzpfvdk
vQifvnf; jzpf\? þpum;&yfjzifh ½lypsmefrS t½lypsmefudk wuf
aomtcg rdrdudk,fawmif ½kyfcJ-[laom u&Z½kyfudk tjypf&Iíç
rke;f &wmrsKd ;r[kw?f tm½Hu
k odP k ;f ½kyEf iS whf uG ½lypsmefuokd m atmuf
usao;onfç nHhjzif;ao;onf-[k tjypfwif½Iíç rkef;&wmrsdK;
wnf;[laom teuft"dyÜg,fudkvnf;jy\? odap\/
tm½kyu Ü r®|mef;Ny;D \/
-------------
(9) tm[ma&y#d u l v onm ur® | mef ; ud k j yqd k c ef ;
tm[ma&y#dulv onm-[lonfum;pm;aomufrsdKoGif;
tyfaom uAVDum& tm[m&ü pufqkyf&GH&SmzG,f[k aumif;pGm
xifjrifí wnfaeaom onmudak c:onf? xdo k nmud&k vdçk yGm;rsm;
vdkaom a,m*Dyk*¾dKvfonf þodkYyGm;rsm;&m\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 274
Oyrmqd k o nf & S d a om
omf- a&S;aomtcg om;i,fudkcsDí
uEÅm&c&D;cJudk oGm;Muaom orD;cifyGef; 2-OD;wdkYonf vrf;c&D;ü
&du©mukefjywfojzifh igwdkYtm; touf&SufpGmae&vQif aemiftcg
om; tpm;&vdrrhf nf? þom;udo k wfí tom;udpk m;íç &dum© vkyí f
uEÅm&c&D;cJukd vGeaf jrmufMutH-h [k BupH nfwikd Nf y;D vQif om;i,fukd
owfíom;i,f\ tom;udkpm;Muukef\? pm;íuEÅm&c&D;cJudk
vGefajrmufMuukef\?
xdk rdb 2-OD;wdkY\ om;\tom;udkpm;Mu&mü þom;\
tom;ud-k
1/ Zmwfwlom; jzpfjcif;aMumifhvnf;aumif;ç
2/ aqGrsdK;\tom; jzpfjcif;aMumifhvnf;aumif;ç
3/ aqGrsdK;rSmvnf; tzsm;r[kwf? rdrd\om;&if; jzpfjcif;
aMumifhvnf;aumif;ç
4/ tvGefcspfvSpGmaom om;\tom;jzpfjcif;aMumifh
vnf;aumif;ç
5/ tvG e f o em;usif e maom om;\tom;jzpf j cif ;
aMumifhvnf;aumif;ç
6/ rD;r&Sd rzkwfNrdKuf ruifrcsuf&bJ tpdrf;jzpfjcif;
aMumifhvnf;aumif;ç
7/ Murf;MuKwf? aMumufrufzG,faom vlom; jzpfjcif;
aMumifhvnf;aumif;ç
8/ qm;r&Sd qm;rxnfh&aomaMumifhvnf;aumif;ç
9/ wpfyg;aom t&omrzufpGuf&jcif;aMumifhvnf;
aumif;ç
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 275
þod k Y a om taMumif ; wd k Y a Mumif h tvG e f p uf q k w f z G , f
aumif;\? tvGefyif pufqkwfMu &GH&SmMu\? tenf;i,frQyif
aumif;onfçaumif;onf-[kESpfoufom,mjcif; rjzpfMu&Sm?
ESpo
f ufom,mjcif;r&S?d tvGepf ufqyk v f suEf iS yhf if uEÅm& c&D;cJrS
vGefajrmufjcif;iSg pm;Mu&Sm\/
xdkom;i,f\ tom;uJhodkY xdkYtwl þpm;aomuf rsdKoGif;
tyfaom uAVDum& tm[m&-onfvnf; rdk;pGwfra&Smifç aeyl
ra&Smifçab;ra&Smifç&efra&Smif-qif;&JNidKNiifyifyef;pGm t&SmoGm;ç
oGm;í &atmif&mS &onfh twGuaf Mumifv h nf; tvGepf ufqyk zf , G f
aumif;\? &SmrSD;ojzifh&í pm;aomufaomtcgvnf; cHwGif;ü
0g;ívQm&nf wHawG;cWJwdkYjzifha&mvsuf aumif;aomtqif;
o@mef teHw Y yYkd suíf acG;tHzwfuo hJ Ykd azmufjyefí aeyHt k jcif;t&m
tm;jzifv
h nf; xdt k m[m&onf tvGepf ufqyk zf , G f aumif;\? 0g;Ny;D
í rsdKaomtcgvnf; onf;ajcç ovdyfykyf-[laom jynfç aoG;?
þ4-yg;aom tnpftaMu; tmo,wdjYk zifh a&maESmvl;vJtyfjcif;
aMumifhvnf; xdktm[m&onf tvGefpufqkyfzG,f aumif;\/
rsKdNyD;í tpmopftdrfodkY a&mufaomtcgüvnf; xdktpm
opftdrfonf aq;aMum okwfoifjcif; r&Sd/ npfax;íaeaom
acG;pm;cGuu f ohJ Ykd arG;uwnf;u wpf&w H pfcgrQ raq;aMum rokwf
oif&bl;ojzifh tvGepf ufqyk zf , G af umif;atmif npfax;íae\/
þuho J Ykd npfax;íaeaom wnf&m tpmopftrd t f wGuaf Mumifh
vnf; xdktpmt[m&-onf tvGefpufqkyfzG,faumif;\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 276
tpmopftrd o f Ykd a&mufNy;D aomtcgvnf; 'Ge;f p@m;&Gmem;
wefp;D wGi;f uJo h Ykd 32-yg;aom yd;k rsK;d oHaumifwjYkd zifh usu d sw
d uf>yrf;
vsuf "mwfrD;csuftyfojzifh tjrKyftyGufxvsuf tvGefpuf
qkyfzG,faumif;aom tqif;teHY&Sdvsuf azmufjyefaMuusufí
ae\? þuJhodkY tpmopftdrfwGif;ü azmufjyefaMuusufvsuf
wnfaeyHk tjcif;t&mtm;jzifv h nf; xdt k pmtm[m&onf tvGef
pufqkyfzG,faumif;\/
tu,fí raMuusufjyefvQifvnf; 0rf;a&mifjcif;ç &if
jynfhjcif; ponfudk jzpfap\? þodkY 0rf;a&mifjcif;ç &ifjynfhjcif;
ponfudk jzpfapwwfonfhtwGufaMumifhvnf; xdktpmtm[m&
onf tvGefpufqkyfzG,f aumif;\/
aumif;pGm aMuusuNf y;D vQiv f nf; a&Tç aiG- paom tzd;k wef
ESpo f ufz, G rf jzpf? pifppf tvGepf ufqyk zf , G af om usiif ,fç usiBf u;D
om jzpfav\? þodu Yk siif ,fç usiBf u;D jzpfí oGm;jcif;aMumifv h nf;
xdktpmt[m&onf tvGefpufqkyfzG,faumif;\/
xdk tm[m&-xJrS xGuaf om tqDwo Ykd nfvnf; tzd;k wef
ESpo f ufz, G 0f w¬Kukd rjzpfap? pifppf pufqyk zf , G af om qHyifç tarG;ç
vufonf; ajconf;ç oGm;ç t½d;k ç jcifqpD aom 32-yg;aom tykyrf sK;d
wduYk o kd m jzpfap\? ,m;emç ayG;emç ESi;f clem-paom trsK;d rsK;d aom
tema&m*gwdu Yk v kd nf; jzpfap\? þodrYk aumif; pufqyk zf , G af om
tusKd;udkjzpfaponfh twGufaMumihfvnf; xdktpmtm[m&onf
tvGefpufqkyfzG,f aumif;\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 277
xdk tpmtm[m&udk 0rf;wGif;odkY rsKdoGif;NyD;jyefvQifvnf;
wpfzefjyifzufodkY rxkwf& reEdkif xkwfjypf&jyef\? rdk;pGwfra&Smifç
aeylra&Smifç ab;ra&Smifç &efra&Smifç &Suf&SufaMumufaMumuf
ykef;uG,fvsuf pufqkyfyifyef;pGm xkwf&jyef\? þodkY raeomyJ
wpfzef pGefYxkwf&rItwGufaMumifhvnf; xdktpmtm[m&\
tusK;d qufonf 9-aygufaom 'Gg&wkrYd S pufqyk zf , G f 0w¬Kjzpfvsuf
,dkxGuf\? þodkY 9-aygufaom 'Gg&wdkYrS pufqkyfzG,f ,dkxGufap
aom twGufaMumifYvnf; xdktpmtm[m&onf tvGefpufqkyf
zG,faumif; xdktpmtm[m&-onf pm;rnf[kjyKonfrSpí 'Gg&
9-aygufrSxGufonfhtcgwdkifatmif cGufudkvnf;aumif; vufudk
vnf;aumif;ç yg;pyfuv kd nf;aumif;çud, k w
f iG ;f wpfu, kd v f ;Hk udv
k nf;
aumif;ç 'Gg& 9-ayguf0udkvnf;aumif; aya&npfxyf vdrf;uyf
vl;vJ\? þodYk vdr;f uyfv;l vJraI Mumifv Y nf; xdt k pmtm[m&onf
tvGefpufqkyfzG,faumif;\/
xdktpmtm[m&onf cHwGif;odkY a&mufumrQjzifhyifvQif-
1/ pdwfudk npfEGrf;ap\/
2/ wkefvIyfysHUvGifYap\/
3/ 0rf;wGi;f odYk a&mufvQiu f m; ud, k çf pdwuf ykd if xdik ;f rIid ;f
av;vHjcif;ç EkHYjcif;udk jzpfapwwf\/
4/ pdk;&drfaMumifYMujcif;udkvnf; jzpfapwwf\/
5/ tema&m*g trsKd;rsKd;wdkYudkjzpfapí yk*¾Kdvfudk qif;&J
yifyef;ap\/
6/ toufudkaomfvnf; aoatmifowf\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 278
7/ jA[®p&d, oDvudkaomfvnf; nId;EGrf;atmifç ysufpD;
atmif jyKwwf\/
8/ rdpämpm& 'kp½kdufrIudkvnf; jzpfapwwf\/
þodaYk om taMumif;wdaYk Mumifv Y nf; xdt
k pmtm[m& onf
tvGefpufqkyf&GHrkef;zG,f aumif;\/
xdktpmtm[m&udk taMumif;jyKí trsKd;rsKd;aom tem
a&m*g qif;&Ja0'emawGjzpf&\? trsKd;rsKd;aom tjiif;tckH
cdu
k &f efa'goawGçtukov kd f 'kp½du
k af wGçab;awGç &efawGç 'kua© wG
jzpf&\? þodYk jzpforQwo Ykd nf tm[m&aMumifY jzpfonf csn;f yif
wnf;? qif;&J'ku© [lorQonf <uif; emrftm[m&-wdkYESifYwuG
þuAVDym&tm[m&aMumifhjzpfonfcsnf;yifwnf;? avmuü&Sd&Sd
orQ tvHk;pHkaom ab;'ku©wdkYonf xdktm[m& 4-yg;aMumifhom
vQifjzpf&ukef\? xdktm[m&wdkYonf tvHk;pHkaom ab;'ku©wdkYudk
jzpfapEdkifMuukef\/
þqdktyfcJhNyD;aom taMumif;wdkYaMumifh xdkuAVDum&
tm[m&onf tvGefpufqkyfzG,faumif;\/
xdpk ufqyk &f &HG mS zG,f aumif;jim;aomfvnf; temaysmufjcif;
iSg tvGecf g;aomaq;cg;Bu;D udk pm;aomuf oH;k aqmif&bdouJo h Ykd
uEÅm&c&D;cJukd vGeaf jrmufjcif;iSg om;\ tom;udpk m;&bdouJo h Ykd
touf&Snfí £&d,mykxf 4-yg;rQw usef;rmí udavom tem
uif;aysmufaMumif; ur®|mef;udk BudK;yrf;tm;xkwfEdkifjcif;iSgç
oHom&muEÅm&c&D;cJukd vGeaf jrmufEikd jf cif;iSg xdu k AVDum&tm[m&
udk pm;aomufrSD0Jtyf\? pm;aomufrSD0J&m\? pm;aomufrSD0J
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 279
&monf/
þ]]tm[m& y#dulVonm}}udk yGm;rsm;vdkaom a,m*D
yk * ¾ d K vf o nf þ,ck a &;om;cJ h N yD ; aomtwd k i f ; xd k u AVD u m&
tm[m&-ü pufqkyf&GHrkef;zG,f tjcif;t&mçpufqkyf&GHrkef;aom
taMumif;wdkYudk tzefzef qifjcifatmufarh&m\? þodkYqifjcif
atmufarhzef rsm;aomtcg pm;Ny;D pm;qJ pm;vwåUH aom twwfç
tem*wfç ypöKyÜefumv 3-yg;ü wnfaom xdkuAVDum&tm[m&
onf xdka,m*Dyk*¾dKvf\ pdwfçÓPfçonmü pufqkyfzG,fjzpfí
xif\? xdka,m*Dyk*¾dKvf\ pdwfç ÓPfç onmonf xdkuAVDum&
tm[m&ü pufqyk zf , G f tjzpfjzifh aumif;pGm xifjrifwnfMunf\?
Oypm&psmefudk &\/
xdka,m*Dyk*¾dKvftm; --
1/ &owPSm vGefpGmyg;\/
2/ umr*kPf 5-yg;vHk;ü wyfESpfoufaom wPSm&m*
vnf;vGepf mG yg;awmh\/
3/ tm[m&ukd pm;aomufraDS omtcgvnf; uEÅm&c&D;ü
om;\tom;ukd pm;Muaom olwdkYuJYokdY ESpfouf
om,mjcif; uif;vsuo f o
H &mrS vGeaf Nrmufjcif;iSmom
vQif pm;aomuf rSD0JavawmY\/
(tm'De0'óm0D edó&Pyanm y&dbkÍÆwd- qdkaom
twdik ;f yifwnf;/)
tm[ma&y#dulvonm ur®|mef; jyD;\/
----------------
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 280
(10)pwk " mwk 0 0w¬ m ef u r® | mef ; uk d jyqk d c ef ;
pwk"mwk00w¬mef ur®|mef;pD;jzef;yGg;rsm;vdkaom a,m*D
yk*K¾ v
d o
f nf um,0da0u tvdiYk gS qdwNf ird &f m t&yfoYdk csO;f uyfojzifY
vnf;aumif;ç pdwå0da0uvkdYiSgtxl;xl;aomtm½kHrS zJYapvsuf
ur®|mef;okdY pdwfukd oGif;vsufvnf;aumif; qHzsm;rS ajcz0g;wdkif
atmifç ajcz0g;rS qHzsm;wdkifatmif r[mbkwfjzifYNyD;aom rdrd
½lyum,udk"mwftm;jzifh aumif;pGmqifjcif&rnf/
qif j cif y G g ;rsm;yk H
ig\ wpfvHrQavmufaom þcE¨ukd,fü-
1/ ajr"mwfvGefaom udk,ftpkç
2/ a&"mwfvGefaom ukd,ftpkç
3/ rD;"mwfvGefaom ukd,ftpkç
4/ av"mwfvGefaom ukd,ftpkç
4-yHk 4-pk "mwfuGJatmif ½I&rnf/
xdk 4-yg;aom ukd,ftpkwdkYwGif ajr"mwfvGefaom ukd,f
tpk[lonfum;-
ajr"mwf v G e f a om uk d , f t pk
1/ auom-2-uka# 4-oef;rQaom qHyif [laom ajrtpk/
2/ avmrm-9-aomif; 9-axmif rQaom arG;nif; [laom
ajrtpk/
3/ ecg- 20-ta&twGuf½Sdaom ajconf; vufonf;
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 281
[laomajrtpk/
4/ 'EÅm-32-ta&twGuf½Sdaom oGm;[laom ajrtpk/
5/ wapm-ta&xl ta&yg; 2-rsKd ; jym;aom ta& [laom
ajrtpk/
6/ rHoH- 9-&mrQ ta&twGuf½Sdaom tom;pkdif[laom
ajrtpk/
7/ ESm½k-9-&mrQ ta&twGuf½Sdaom taMum [laom
ajrtpk/
8/ t|d-2-&mrQta&twGuf½Sdaom t½kd; [laomajrtpk/
9/ t|drdOÆH- ½kd;wGif;jcifqD [laomajrtpk/
10/ 0uúH-ausmufuyfac:aomtndIU[laomajrtpk/
11/ [',H-ESvHk;om; [laom ajrtpk/
12/ ,ueH-tonf; [laom ajrtpk/
13/ udavmruH- tajr§;vTm [laom ajrtpk/
14/ yd[uH- o&uf½Gufac:aom tzsOf;[laomajrtpk/
15/ yyægoH- tqkwf [laomajrtpk/
16/ tEÅH-tlr [laom ajrtpk/
17/ tEÅH*kPH-tlodrf [laomajrtpk/
18/ O'&d,H-tpmopf [laom ajrtpk/
19/ u&DoH- tpma[mif; [laomajrtpk/
20/ rw¬vk*ø- OD;aESmuf [laom ajrtpk/
ajr"mwfvGefaom udk,ftpk jyD;\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 282
a&"mwf v G e f a om uk d , f t pk
1/ ydwåH- onf;ajc [laom a&tpk/
2/ aorSH- ovdyf [laom a&tpk/
3/ ykaAÁm- jynf [laom a&tpk/
4/ avm[dwH- aoG; [laom a&tpk/
5/ aoa'g- acGs; [laom a&tpk/
6/ ara'g- tqDysOf tqDcJ [laom a&tpk/
7/ tók- rsuf&nf [laom a&tpk/
8/ 0om- qDMunf [laoma&tpk/
9/ acaVm-vQm&nf wHawG; [laom a&tpk/
10/ odCFmPdum- ESm&nfESyfap; [laom a&tpk/
11/ vodum-tap;ykyf [laom a&tpk/
12/ rkwåH- usifi,f [laom a&tpk/
a&"mwfvGefaom ukd,ftpkNyD;\/
rD ; "mwf v G e f a omud k , f tpk
1/ oEÅmayg-&ufç &ufcsef-zsm;jcif;paom tylvGefaom
rD;tpk/
2/ 'ga[m-aygufemçausmufem-paomtaoG;tom;udk
tusufavmifaom rD;tpk/
3/ ygpaum-tpmudkaMuusufapwwfaom rD;tpk/
4/ ZD&Pm-&ifha&mf rSnfh&Grf; a[mif;EGrf;aqG;ajrUapwwf
aom rD;tpk/
rD;"mwfvGefaom udk,ftpk NyD;\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 283
av"mwf v G e f a om ud k , f t ppk
1/ O'¨*Frm0gwm-txufodkY qefwufaom avtpk/
2/ ta"m*r0gem-atmufodkY pHkqif;aom avtpk/
3/ ukpädo0gwm-0rf;acgif;xJü udef;aomavtpk/
4/ aum|mo,m0gwm- tlr tlodrftwGif;ü udef;aom
av tpk/
5/ t*Fr*gEkom&daem0gwm- udk,ft*Fg vIyf&Sm;rIwdkYü
t*FgBuD;i,fodkY tpOfavQmufaom avtpk/
6/ tómo yómom0gwm-xGufouf0ifouf[laom
avtpk/
av"mwfvGefaom udk,ftpkNyD;\/
---------------
2-uka# 4-oef;rQaom qHyif[laom ajrtpkü
"mwf 8-yg; cG J p d w f M unf h ½ l U cef ;
qHyifwpfckü yx0Dum,ç tmaygum,ç awaZmum,ç
0ga,mum,-[lí um,MuD; 4-yg;½Sd\/
1/ qHyifwpfckvHk;ü trmcHjzpfaom cufrmrI ud&d,m
taygif;onf yx0Dum, rnf\/
2/ zGJUap;rI ud&d,mtaygif;onf tmaygum, rnf\/
3/ ylaomtcgü ylrItaygif;ç at;aomtcgü at;rI
taygif; awaZmum, rnf\/
4/ awaZmum,\ t&Sed jf zpfaom axmufuefrI taygif;
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 284
onf 0ga,mum, rnf\/
(þqHyifü 0PÖ-tqif;ç *E¨-teHYç &o-t&omç MoZm-
tqDta0;[laom Oyg'f½kyf 4-yg;usef½Sdao;\/)
tcsKyftm;jzifh a&wGufvQif-
qH y if w pf c k ü - yx0Dç tmaygç awaZmç 0ga,mç 0PÖç
*E¨ç &oç MoZm? "mwf&Spfyg;/
arG ; nif ; üü- yx0Dç tmaygç awaZmç 0ga,mç 0PÖç *E¨ç
&oç MoZm? "mwf&Spfyg;/
ajconf;vufonf;üü- yx0Dç tmaygç awaZmç 0ga,mç
0PÖç *E¨ç &oç MoZm? "mwf&Spfyg;/
(<uif;aom aum|mowdüYk vnf; þenf;twdik ;f "mwf 8-
yg;cGaJ v/)
qH y if ü "mwf 8-yg; jref r mvd k c G J e nf ;
qHyifü "mwf 8-yg; cGJenf;um;
1/ qHyifukd prf;oyfvQif rmonf[k awGU½S\ d ? xdrk mrIonf
yx0D "mwfwnf;/
2/ vH;k ywfoP²mef jzpfaeonfukd jrifí zGUJ ap;rIukd od&\?
xdkzGJUap;rIonf tmayg"mwfwnf;/
3/ ylaomtcg ylrIç aEG;aomtcg aEG;rIç at;aomtcg
at;rIudkawGU½Sd\? xdkylrIç aEG;rIç at;rI-onf awaZm"mwfwnf;/
4/ yl½Sdefç aEG;½Sdefç at;½Sdefudk awGU½Sd\? xdkt½Sdefpkonf
0ga,m"mwfwnf;/
5/ rsupf Ed iS Mhf unf½h v
I Qif qHyifü tqif;udk jrif\? xdtk qif;
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 285
onf0PÖ"mwfwnf;/
6/ ESmacgif;ESifh erf;vQif qHyifü teHYudkeH\? xdkteHYonf
*E¨"mwfwnf;/
7/ vQmESifYjrnf;vQif t&omudk od&\? xdkt&omonf
&o"mwfwnf;/
8/ qHyifudk pm;aom owå0gwdkYrSm ½lyum,udk apmifY
a½SmufaxmufyHhjcif; oabm½Sdaom tqDtap;rnfonf qHyifü
½Sd\? xdktqDtap;onf MoZmac:aom tm[m& "mwfwnf;/
qHyifü "mwf 8-yg;cGJenf; NyD;\/
-------
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 286
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---------------
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 290
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&m\/
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ausmfí ae0onmemonm,wepsmefudk 0ifpm;
tyf\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 291
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ausmfí 0ga,muodkPf;ü pwkw¬psmefudk 0ifpm;
tyf\/
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Yk kd csex
f m;
cJhí ausmfí tmayguodkPf;ü 'kwd,psmefudk 0ifpm;
tyf\/
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 292
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---------------
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 294
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 295
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 296
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 297
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 298
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 299
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 300
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--------
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------------------
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--------
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 302
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 303
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atmif aemufjyefatmufarhí odatmif jyKí oGm;&m\/)
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-------
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 304
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---------------
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bdu©a0? &[ef;wdkY/ ae0onmemonm,weHyd psmeH? ae0onm
emonm,wepsmefuv kd nf;/ edóm,? tajcyg'jyKí/ tmo0geH?
tmoa0gw&m;wdkY\/ c,H? ukefrIudk/ t[H? igbk&m;onf/ 0'grd?
a[mMwm;awmfrl\/
rS w f c suf/ /psmef u d k a½S ; OD ; pG m &atmif j yKí psmef u d k
tajcyg' cHítm;xkwo f jzifY &tyfaom r*fçzdv k u f kd apawm0drw k då
r*fçzdkvf? xdkyk*¾dKvfudk apawm0drkwåyk*¾dKvf[kac:onf/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 307
psmefudk&atmif a½S;OD;pGmrjyKbJç psmefudk tajcrcHbJvsuf
0dyóemr*fvrf;oufoufuo kd mtm; xkw&f müvnf; a½S;a½S;aom
eD;aomb0upsmeformywfukd &cJz;l aom t"dum&½dcS v YJ Qif r*fay:
vmaom tcgpsmefyg wpfcgwnf; &í ygívm\? þuJo h Ykd psmefyg
ygívmaomr*fçzdkvfudkvnf; apawm0drkwdår*fçzdkvf? xdkyk*¾dKvfudk
vnf; apawm0drkwåyk*¾dKvf-[kac:\/
þuJYodkY a½S;OD;pGm psmefudkvnf; r&bJç tajccHr&bJç
r*fay:aomtcgrSmvnf; psmefrygvmbJ r*fcsn;f oefo Y efY jzpfay:
vmaom r*fçzdv k u f kd ynm0drw
k då r*fçzdv
k çf [k ac:\? xdyk *k Kd¾ vu f v kd nf;
ynm0drw k å yk*Kd¾ v-f [kac:\/ psmeform"d tap;rS ajcmufaoGUaom
oku©0dyóuyk*¾dKvf-[lívnf; ac:\/
rHopu©Kó OyÜga'g? ra*¾g'dAÁó pu©Kaem/
,awm pÓPH O'yg'd? ynmpu©K tEkwå&H/
,ópu©Ky#dvmbm? oAÁ'ku©myrkpöwd/
(£wd0kwfygVdawmf wdpu©Kokwf)
teuf/ /bdu©a0? &[ef;wdkY/ rHopu©Kó? yuwdrHo
pu©K\/ OyÜga'g? jzpfay:yg&Sdí vmjcif;onf/ 'dAÁópu©Kaem?
'dAÁpu©K\/ ra*¾g? jzpfay:&&SdEdkifaom taMumif;wnf;/ ,awmp?
tMuif'Ad Á pu©K[al omtaMumif;aMumif/h ÓPH? edAmÁ efuo kd jd rifEikd f
aom ÓPfonf/ O'yg'd? xif&Sm;jzpfay:Edkif\/ {wH? þuJhodk
jzpfay:aom ÓPfonf/ tEkwå&H? twkr&SdvGefjrwfaom/ ynm
pu© K ? ynmpu© K aywnf ; / ynmrsuf p d a ywnf ; / ,ópu© K
y#dvmbm? tMuifynmpu©Kudk&jcif;aMumifh/ oAÁ'ku©m? tvHk;pHk
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 308
aomoHo&m0#f'ku©rS/ yrkpöwd? vGwf\/
orx[kqdktyfaom t"dpdwåodu©momoem-pdwå0dok'¨d
tcef;NyD;jynfhpkHNyD/
pdwå0dok'¨donf 0dyóem\tajccHjzpfyHkudk jyqdkcef; NyD;\/
------------
13- t"d y nmomoemud k jyqd k c ef ;
(u) 'd | d 0 d o k ' ¨ d j zpf y H k
aqmif y k ' f o H c d y f /
(u) vu©PESifh? &oESpfck? ypöKy|mef?
y'|mef? odrf;&ef emrfESifh½kyf/
(c) av;csuyf ikd yf ikd ?f ydik ;f jcm;Edik u
f ? owåZ0D ?
twåt,l?uif;pifNzL ? rSwf,l'd|d0dok'¨d/
pdwfç zóç a0'em-tp&Sdaom emrfw&m;wdkYudkvnf;
aumif;? yx0Dç tmayg-tp&Sdaom ½kyfw&m;wdkYudkvnf;aumif;?
yx0Dç tmaygç tp&Sdaom ½kyfw&m;wkdYukdvnf;aumif; "r®0w¬me
ÓPfjzifth oD;oD; jcm;jcm;em;em; xifjriford ;f qnf;Ekid &f ef tcsuf
um;-
(u) vu©Pç &oç ypöKy|mefç y'|mefç[lí 4-yg;&Sd\/
(c) &oonf udpö&oç orÜwåd&o-[lí 2-rsKd;&Sd\/
(*) ypöKy'|mefonf zvypöKy|mefç Oy|meum&ypöKy'|mef-
[lí 2-rsKd;&Sd\/
Oyrm pH j yK&ef
1/ yljcif;oabm&if;onf rDd;\vu©Pm-wnf;/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 309
2/ 0w¬Kwpfyg;ukd avmifjcif;trIonf rD;\ udp&ö o wnf;/
3/ xGef;yjcif; *kPfonf rD;\orÜwåd&o-wnf;/
4/ tckd; tvQHonf rD;\ zvypöKy|mef-wnf;/
5/ xGe;f yjcif; [laom orÜw&då oonfyifvQif rD;\ Oy|me
um& ypöKy|mefwnf;/
6/ xif;rD;pmonfvnf;aumif;ç rD;ukdjzpfapwwfaom
ya,m*txl;onfvnf;aumif; rD;\ y'|mef-wnf;/
1/ tm½kHukd odjcif;onf pdwf\ vu©Pm-wnf;/
2/ apwoduf\ a&SUaqmif a&SUoGm;jzpfrIonf pdwf\&o-
wnf;/
3/ a&SUaemuf tpOfpyfro I nf pdw\ f pdw\
f ypöKy|mef-wnf;/
4/ emrf 2-yg;onf pdwf\ y'|mef-wnf;/
(vu©Pmum; oabmwnf;? &oum; udpöESifh*kPfwnf;?
ypöy|mefum; xifay:aom wHceG f wnf;? y'|mefum; tvGeef ;D pyf
aom taMumif;wnf;? tusKd;ukdjzpfaprIü rcGswfr,Gif;Ekdifaom
taMumif;[lvkd/)
þ 4-yg;ESihf jcm;em;pGm xifjrifonf&adS omf w&m; 1-yg;ESihf
axG;,Sujf cif; r&Sad prlí wpfcw k pfcak om emrfw&m; ½kyw f &m;wku
d dk
oD;oefYjcm;pGm odjrifav\/
'd|d0dok'¨d jzpfykH NyD;\/
-----------
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 310
(c) ucF g 00d w &P0d o k ' ¨ d j zpf y k H
aqmif y k ' f o H c d yf/ /emr½ly? ocFg&\? y#dpöZmwf? orkyÜg'fukd?
txyfxyf xif? ykid yf idk jf rifu? ucFg,krH mS ;? 16-
yg;ESifh? &Spfyg; 0dpd? 'd|djzmjzm uif;pifuGm?
ucFg0dw&P0do'k /d¨
cyfodrf;aom emrf½kyfw&m;wkdY\ y#dpöorkyÜg'fukd ykdifykdif
xifjrifEidk o
f nf&adS omf okweå v f m 0dpu d pd mä 16-yg;ESihf tbd"r®mvm
0dpu
d pd mä 8-yg;wku Yd dk vGeaf jrmufEidk af om ucFg0dw&P0do'k d© pcef;okYd
wef;wef; rwfrwf qkdufa&mufavawmh\/
ok w å e f v m 0d p d u d p ä m 16-yg;
twd w f ü ,k H r S m ;jcif ; 5-yg;
1/ a&S;ü igjzpfzl;jyDavm /
2/ a&S;ü igrjzpfzl;ao;bl;avm/
3/ tb,ftrsKd; tEG,ftm;jzifh jzpfbl;avoenf;/
4/ tb,f tqif;oP²meftm;jzifh jzpfbl;avoenf;/
5/ tb,f trsKd;tEG,fjzpfí tb,ftrsKd;tEG,f jzpfcJh&
avoenf; /
(þum; twdwfü ,kHrSm;jcif; 5-yg;wnf;/)
tem*wf ü ,H k r S m ;jcif ; 5-yg;
1/ aemifü igjzpf&vwÅHUavm/
2/ aemifü igrjzpf&vwåHUavm/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 311
3/ tb,ftEG,ftm;jzifY jzpf&vwåHUenf;/
4/ tb,ftqif; oP²meftm;jzifY jzpf&vwåUHenf;/
5/ tb,f trsdK;tEG,fjzpfí tb,ftrsdK;tEG,f jzpf&
vwåUeH nf;/
(þum; tem*wfü ,HkrSm;jcif; 5-yg;wnf;/)
ypö K yÜ e f ü ,H k r S m ;jcif ; 6-yg;
1/ ,ck igonf jzpfqJavm/
2/ ,ck igonf jzpfqJr[kwfavoavm/
3/ tb,ftrsdK;tEG,ftm;jzifY jzpfavoenf;/
4/ tb,f tqif;oP²meftm;jzifY jzpfavoenf;/
5/ tb,fb0rS vmcJYoenf;/
6/ tb,fb0odkY oGm;&rnfenf;/
(þum; ypöKyÜefü,HkrSm;jcif; 6-yg;wnf;/)
okwåefvm 0dpdudpäm 16-yg;NyD;\/
---------
tbd " r® m vm 0d p d u d p ä m 8-yg;
1/ bk&m;ü ,HkrSm;jcif;ç
2/ w&m;ü ,HkrSm;jcif;ç
3/ oHCmü ,HkrSm;jcif;ç
4/ tusifYodu©mü ,HkrSm;jcif;ç
5/ oHo&m\ a½SUtpGef;ü ,HkrSm;jcif;
6/ oHo&m\ aemuftpGef;ü ,HkrSm;jcif;ç
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 312
7/ oHo&m\ a½SUaemuftpGef; 2-yg;ü ,HkrSm;jcif;ç
8/ y#dpöorkyÜg'fw&m;ü ,HkrSm;jcif;ç
(þum; tbd"r®mvm 0dpdudpäm 8-yg;wnf;/)
½kyfemrfcE¨m owå0gwdkYrSm a½S;taMumif;[lír½Sd-[k,laom
ta[wku'd|çd ½kyef mrfcE¨m owå0gwdu Yk kd xm0&bk&m; zefqif;onf
[lí,laom 0dora[wk'd|d-tp½Sdaom 'd|dtrsdK;rsdK;wdkYudk vGef
ajrmufaomf ucFg0dw&P0dok'd¨ jzpf\/
ucFg0dw&P0dok'd¨jzpfyHk NyD;\/
--------------
(*) 0dyóemÓPf 10-yg;
1/ or®oeÓPf/
2/ O',AÁ,ÓPf/
3/ b*FÓPf/
4/ b,ÓPf/
5/ tm'de0ÓPf/
6/ edAÁ'gÓPf/
7/ rkpödwkurswmÓPf/
8/ y'docFgÓPf/
9/ ocFg½kayu©mÓPf/
10/ tEkavmrÓPf/
(þum; 0dyóemÓPf 10-yg; o½kyfwnf;/)
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 313
0d y óemÓPf 10-yg;tus,f
aqmif y k ' f o H c d y f /
/cE¨m0denf;? zGGJUpnf;NyD;cg? 3-jzmvu©P?
oHk;oyf&? or®oeÓPf/
cyford ;f aom½kyef mrfw&m;wdu Yk kd cE¨m 5-yg;ponf pkykH zJUG pnf;
tyf\-
½lyH tedpöH c,a|e/
½lyH 'ku¨H b,a|e/
½lyH tewåm tom&ua|e-
tp&Sdonfjzifh vu©Pma&; 3-yg;wifí tzefzef txyf
xyf oHk;oyfaomÓPfonf or®oe ÓPfrnf\/
aqmifyk'foHcdyf/ /jzpfyGm;ysufrI? tpHk½I? O',b,ÓPf/
OD;acgif;ç ajcç vufç rsufESmoP²mef-ponfwdkY\ cPcsif;
jzpfay:rIç cPcsif;ysufuGufrIç xifvif;atmif tpktcJtm;jzifh
jzpfrçI ysurf u
I kd tpHt
k pH½k aI om ÓPfonf O',b,ÓPfrnf\/
aqmifyk'foHcdyf/ /tysufudkom? ½IwHkyg?onmb*FÓPf/
tjzpftjyuf 2-yg;wGif tjzpfum;jrifv, G \
f ? tysuuf m;
jrifc\
J ? vd&k if;vnf;jzpf\? xdaYk Mumifh tjzpfukd vTwíf tysuof uf
oufudk½IaomÓPfonf b*FÓPfrnf\/
aqmif y k ' f o H c d y f/ /tysufjrifu? b,rpöK? ysufrIcyif;?
ab;aorif ; [k ? aMumuf c if ; axG a xG ?
½IwHkay? rSwfavb,ÓPf/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 314
½kyef mrf"r® ocFg&wd\
Yk ysuyf çkH tedpo
ö abmudk xifjrifaom
tcg ysujf cif;ESiw
hf uGjzpfaom ½kyef mrfw&m;wd\ Yk tay:ü aorif;
BuD;wrQ aMumufvefYvSaom ÓPfonf b,ÓPfrnf\/
aqmif y k ' f o H c d y f//aMumufzG,fcyif;? jrifwHkvsif;u? ab;
b,rsdK;? ½kyfemrfqdk;ü? udk;&mr&Sd? cufrSef;
od? tm'de0ÓPf/
aMumufzG,fvefYzG,f[lí xifjrifvmonf&Sdaomf ab;
b,rsKd ;jzpfaom ½kyq
f ;kd emrfq;kd ü tm;ud;k &mr&S?d tjypftwdygwum;
[k ½Iqifjcifaom ÓPfonf tm'de0ÓPfrnf\/
aqmif y k ' f o H c d y f/ /udk;&mrxif? cufyHkjrifu? r½Tifrvef;?
pdwfukefcef;í? rcsrf;rajrh? NiD;aiGUaom
axG? pdwftae? rSwfavedAÁd'H/
tm;ud k ; &mr&S d ? tjypf t wd o m[k xif j rif a omtcg
½kyef mrf"r® ocFg&wdüYk raysmaf rGU Ni;D aiGUvSaom taejzifh ½Iqifjcif
aom ÓPfonf edAÁd'gÓPfrnf\/
aqmifyk'foHcdyf/ /NiD;aiGU tm;oef? pdwfylyefu? vsifjrefwpd?
vGwfvdkbd? rkpödwkurswmÓPf/
raysmrf arGU Ni;D aiGUvSaomtcgü ocFg&e,ftwGi;f rS twif;
xGufajrmufvdkaomÓPfonf rkpödwkurswm ÓPfrnf\/
aqmif y k ' f o H c d yf/ /xGufvdkvSí? vGwf&wJhiSg? bm0em 40?
tus,fjzefYcsd? tm;wdkufzd? y#docFgÓPf/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 315
tvGewf &m vGwv f vkd üS vGwcf iG &hf wJjh cif;iSm bm0em 40-
wdjYk zifh tus,wf 0ifh tjyif;qifjcifí tm;xkwrf I ½IaomÓPfonf
y#docFgÓPfrnf\/
aqmifyk'foHcdyf/ / tm;wdkuf½Ií? vGwfrIvGwf&ef? tjrifoefu?
½kyfemrf"r®? ocFg&0,f? rzG,forI? vspfvsL½I?
ocFg½kayu©mÓPf/
bm0em 40-wdjYk zifh tus,w f 0ifh tjyif;txef tm;xkwf
aomtcg 0dyóemÓPf xufoefí ½kyfemrf"r® ocFg&wdkYü
rkef;cspfrjyK vspfvsL½IaomÓPfonff ocFg½kayu©mÓPfrnf\/
(bm0em 40-qdkonfum; abm 40-yifwnf;? þpmtkyf
wpfae&mrSm Munfhyg/)
aqmif y k ' f o H c d yf/ / r*fa&mufvdkaomf? taqmftESL;? r*f4-
OD;tm;? txl;avsmrf ?I aus;Zl;jyK? tEkavmr
ÓPf/
0dyóemÓPf&ifhoefxufjrufavojzifh r*f 4-ck ay:
atmif Ed;k aqmfbo d nfyh rm vGepf mG r*f 4-ckwEYkd iS ahf vsmaf om ÓPf
onf tEkavmrÓPfrnf{/f/
(*a[tpyfaumif;vSaomÓPf-[lvdk)
0ddyóemÓPf 10-yg;NyD;{/f/
----------------
0d y óemÓPf 10-yg;ü rS w f z G , f
0dyóemÓPf 10-yg;wGif or®oeÓPfç O',AÁ,ÓPfç
b*FÓPf? þÓPf 3-yg;onf wD&Py&dnm-rnf\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 316
xdkÓPf3-yg;wdkYwGif--
1/ or® o enPf qd k o nf u m;ç ½k y f w &m; emrf w &m;
wdkYrnfonf rsufawmifwpfcwf vQyfwpfjyufrQ touf&Snfí
wnfaeEkdifaom w&m;rsKd; r[kwfukef? rsufawmifwpfcwf vQyf
wpfjyuf twGi;f rSmyif tcgrsm;pGm aoqk;H csKyyf su&f aom tedprö sK;d ç
'ku©rsKd;ç tewårsKd;wdkYonf {uefpifppf jzpfMuukefonf-[k ÓPf
tjrifay:atmif tm;xkwt f yfaom 0dyóemÓPfonf or®oe
ÓPfrnf\? rsufpdjzifh jrifouJhodkY ÓPftjrifaygufrS 0dyóem
ÓPfjzpfonf/
tbd"r®m usrf;*efwwfí "r®obm0wdkYukd ae&mus odEkdif
aom oabm,kwdå ÓPfrsK;d onf 0dyóemÓPf r[kw?f okwr,-
ÓPfomwnf;? 0dyóem-ÓPfonfum; pdEÅmr,-ÓPfwnf;?
,ckumvüum; okwr,-ÓPftaeESihf xifrçI jrifrçI ESv;Hk oGi;f rI
udkyif 0dyóemÓPf[k xifrSwfí aeMuolrsm;\/
2/ aq;aomufví dk rD;jcpf&mü jcpfrad om ae&mrS rken f i§ ;f aphrQ
rD;awmuf jzpfay:onfrSpí wkd;yGm;ívmonfudkvnf;aumif;
twdk;tyGm; &yfNyD;aemuf qkwf,kwfí oGm;onfudkvnf;aumif;ç
tqk;H owf aoaysmufí oGm;onfuv kd nf;aumif;ç rsupf jd zifh ypöu©
'd|jrifMuouJo h Ydk uk,
d cf E¨mtwGi;f ü ½kywf &m;ç emrfw&m;wk\ Yd xkx d dk
tcdkuftwefYtm;avsmfpGm oEÅwd-tpOftm;jzifh ckwif wzGm;zGm;
jzpfay: wkd;yGm;rIudkvnf;aumif;ç twkd;tyGm;&yfjyD;aemuf qkwf
,kwí f oGm;onfudk vnf;aumif;ç tqk;H rSm tukeu f ,
G f aysmufí
oGm;onfukdvnf;aumif; 'd|ypöu©tm;jzifh todÓPfwGif tjrif
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 317
aygufatmif tm;xkwfrIonf O',AÁ,ÓPfrnf\/
3/ uG,faysmufrIudkom txl;uG,faysmufrIudkom txl;
uGuNf cm;í 'd|ypöu© tNrifayguf atmif½rI o
I nf b*FÓ
F Pf rnf\/
0dyóemÓPf 10-yg;ürSwfzG,f NyD;\/
-------------
tEÅ & m,f 10-yg;
aqmifyk'foHcdyf/ /O',ÓPf? &ifhoefwHkvwf? jzpfvmwwf?
q,fcsut f EÅ&m,f/
ta&mifç yDw?d yó'¨Ed pS jf zm? o'¨gç 0D&,
d ? okcç
Ak'¨d? eduEdÅESifh? owdESifh? owdçOayu©m? þ
q,fjzm? rSwfygtEÅ&m,f/
0dyóemÓPf 10-yg;wdw Yk iG f O',AÁ,ÓPf &ifo h ef xuf
jrufvmaomtcg jzpfay:ívmwwfaom tEÅ&m,f 10-yg;um;
Mobmoç yDwdç um,y'd¨-pdwÅyó'd¨ç o'¨gç 0D&d,ç okcç
Ak'd¨ç owdç Oayu©mç eduEÅd/
1/ Mobmo-0dyóem\ ta&mifNzpfay:vmNcif;
2/ yDw-d ck'u
´ myDwçd cPDumyDwçd MouúEu åd myDwçd OaAÁ*g
yDwdç
3/ um,yó'd¨-pdwåyó'd©=udk,fpdwfwdkY\ Nidrf;Ncif;ç
4/ o'¨g =tvGefMunfapwwfaom o'¨g½SdNcif;ç
5/ 0D&d,=rarhravsmhbJ tm;xkwfcsD;yifhNcif;-
6/ okc=0dyóemESi, hf OS af omapwoduokc-tvGecf sr;f
omjcif;ç
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 318
7/ Ak'd¨=xufNrufpl;½Saom ÓPftNrif ay:vmNcif;ç
8/ owd=0dyóemESifh ,SOfaom ausmufpmwdkifESifh
wlaom owdjzpfvmjcif;ç
9/ Oayu©m=ocFg&w&m;wdkYudk vspfvsL½Ijcif;ç
10/ eduEdÅ=0dyóemü tmomiif;iif;wG,fwmjcif;ç
tEÅ&m,f 10-yg; NyD;\/
--------
(C) r*¾ g r*¾ Ó P'óe0d o k ' d ¨ j zpf y H k
aqmif y k ' f o H c d y f / /xdkq,fcsufwGif? r*ftxifudk? y,fxGif
½Sif;um? tvif;om? r*¾gr*¾ÓP 'óe
0do'k /¨d
O',b,ÓPf xufoefaomtcg rBuHKpbl; tvGefxl;
aomudk,fa&mif udk,f0g-ponf jzpfay:í vmwwf\/ xdktcg
xdu
k ,kd af &mif ud, k 0f g-ponfukd om,maom wPSmeduEdÅ twGuf
r*fudk ig&NyD? zkdvfudk ig&NyD[k txifuyfí 0dyóemudk vTwfí
aewwf\? xdt k cgí r*f-[lí xifrad om xdyk w D çd yó'D-¨ ponf\
avmukw&å mr*f r[kwaf o;aMumif;udk &Si;f vif;Ekid af om ÓPfonf
r*¾gr*¾ÓP'óe0dok'd¨ rnf\/
(i) y#d y 'gÓP'óe0d o k ' d ¨ j zpf y H k
aqmif y k ' f o H c d y f / /O',ÓPf? wpfzefysKd ;um? ud;k jzmÓPfpOf?
pcef;xGifí? tjrifvif;bd? xdk;xGif;od?
y#dy'gÓP'óe 0dok'¨d/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 319
tEÅ&m,fukd okwo f if;Ny;D rS O',AÁ,ÓPfuykd if wzefjyKpk
ysd K ;axmif í ,l N yD ; vQif xd k Ó Pf r S p í tm;xk w f v wf a omf
tpOftwdkif; ae&musjzpfyGg;ípGm;aom 0dyóeÓPf 9-yg;onf
y#dy'gÓP 'óe 0dok'¨drnf\/
y#d y 'gÓP'óe0d o k'¨ d j zpf y k H
aqmif y k ' f o H c d y f /
/ocFg½kESifh? tEkavmr? ÓPfESpf0? 0k|me
*grdeDvnf; ac:ownf;/
10-yg;aom 0dyóemÓPfwdkYwGif aemufqHk;jzpfaom
ocFg½kayu©mÓPfonfç tEkavmrÓPf? þÓPfESpfckudk 0k|me
*grdeD-vnf;ac:onf? 0#f 3-yg;rSuRwfvGwfxajrmufjcif; teuf
aMumifh r*fudk 0k|me-qdkonf? xdkr*fodkY rcRwfrvGJ a&mufapwwf
aomteufaMumifh xdkÓPfESpfckudk 0k|me*grdeD-ac:onf/
y#dy'gÓP'óe0dok'¨d NyD;\/
--------
(p) yxr r*¾ Ó P'óe0d o k ' ¨ d j zpf y H k
aqmif y k ' f o H c d y f /
/ 0k|me*grf? vGef&ifhoefu? edAÁmefaygufcg?
r*fa&mufvm? ÓP'óe0dok'¨d/
0k|me*grfrdeD0dyóemÓPf &ifhoefaomtcgü edAÁmefudk
tm½HkNyKaom avmukwå&mr*fÓPf jzpfay:aygufí vm\? r*f
ÓPf 4-yg;ud k ÓP'óe0d o k ' ¨ d ac:onf ? þt&müum;
aomwmywådr*f ÓPfwnf;/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 320
0DxdusyHkum;/ / b0if 2-Budrf? vu©Pma&; 3-yg;wGif
wpfyg;yg;vQif tm½Hk&Sdaom raem'Gg&0ZÆef;ç y&duHç Oypmç tEkvHkç
1-BudrfpD? edAÁmefudktm½HkjyKaom a*gMwbl 1-Budrf? aomwmywåd
1-Budrf? aomwmywådzdkvf 2-Budrf? xdkaemifb0ifus\/
(0Dxdydkif;qdkif&mwnf;/)
r*f u d p ö 4-yg;
aqmif y k ' f o H c d y f /
/odç y,fçqduk çf yGg;? av;yg;tcsu?f wpfNyKd if
euf? r*f\udpöwnf;/
1/ ½kyfemrf"r® ocFg&wdkY\ 'ku©trSefudk odjccif;ç
2/ ork',toif;jzpfaom 'd|çd 0dpu d pd mä wduYk kd t<uif;rJh
y,fowfjcif;udpöç
3/ 'd|çd 0dpu
d pd mä wd\
Yk vnf;aumif;ç tyg,'kuw © \Ykd vnf;
aumif; wpfcsuw f nf; tNy;D wdik f Nird ;f rIoYkd qdu
k af &muf
jcif; udpöç
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þudpö 4-yg;udkr*fonf wpfNydKifeuf jzpfpEdkifonf/
aqmif y k ' f o H c d y f/ / 'd|dç0dpd? y,fowfbd? tm'dr*faomwm/
þr*fudk&onfESifhwjydKifeuf 'd|dç 0dpdudpämudk y,fowf\?
'kp½du
k u
f aH [mif;ç uHopfç tukecf sKyNf ird ;f \? xdyk *k Kd¾ vonf umrbHük
y#doaEÅ 7-Budrfom&Sd\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 321
ypö a 0u© P m 5-0D x d j zpf y H k
aqmif y k ' f o H c d y f/
/r*fç zkdvfç edAÁmef? y,f<uif;usef? ESpfwef
udavom/
tpOforI? tjrif½I? ig;ck ypöa0u©Pm/
xkd aomwmywådr*¾0Dxd\ aemufü-
1/ r*fukd ½Iqifjcifaom 0Dxdç
2/ zkdvfukd ½Iqifjcifaom 0Dxdç
3/ edAÁmefukd ½Iqifaom 0Dxdç
4/ y,fNyD; udavomukd ½Iqifjcifaom 0Dxdç
5/ udavom<uif;pkukd ½Iqifjcifaom 0Dxdç /
[lí ypöa0u©Pm 5-0Dxd jzpfjrJ/
aqmif y k ' f o H c d y f/ /xufr*fukdvQif? ra&mufcif? zkdvfvQif
vJavsmif;&m/
txufr*foYdk ra&mufrt D wGi;f aomwmyef yk*K¾ v d t
f jzpfjzifh
ESpfvrsm;pGmvnf;aumif;ç umrbkHü 7-b0? jA[®mhbkHü b0urÇm
rsm;pGmywfvkH;vnf;aumif; aomwmywådzkdvfukd tvkd&Sdwkdif;
0ifpm;\/
0D x d u syk H u m;- b0if 2-Budrf? ½kyfemrf"r® ocFg&vQif
tm½kH&Sdaom raem'Gg&m0ZÆef;? tEkvkH 3-Budrfvnf;aumif;ç 4-
Budrfvnf;aumif;? xkdYaemif edAÁmefvQif tm½kH&Sdaom aomwmywåd
zkv
d af Zm tBurd af ygif; teEÅ tvk&d o dS rQjzpf\? xkaYd emif b0ifus\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 322
xkdtcgü yltkdufvSwkef;tcg at;jrpGmaom a&tkdifBuD;
xJokdYqif;í ikwf&bdouJhokdY xkd aomwmyefyk*¾Kdvfonf zkdvf\
tawGY edAÁmef\tawGYwkdYjzifh tvGefcsrf;ajrUavownf;? txuf
r*fokdY ra&mufrD b0rsm;pGmçurÇmrsm;pGmywfvkH; xkdzkdvfonf vJ
avsmif;&mjzpf\/
(jA[®mjynfokdY oGm;vwåHUaom 0¥mbd&waomwmyefç
jA[®mjh ynfrmS jzpfaom jA[®m aomwmyefwu Ydk dk &nfí urÇmrsm;pGm[k
qko
d nf/)
owåuw © Kå y&r aomwmyefç aumvHaumv aomwmyefç
{uADZDaomwmyefwkdYum; þumr bkHrSmyif &[EÅmjzpfí Nidrf;Mu
ukevf wåUH /
1/ y#doaE¨ 7-BudrfrS Nidrfonfum; owåu©wåKy&r-wnf;/
2/ 6-Burd çf 5-Burd çf 4-Burd çf 3-Burd çf 2-Burd w f iG f Nird o
f w
l u
Ydk m;
aumvHaumv-wkdYwnf;/
3/ 1-BudrfwGif NidrfolwkdYum; {uADZD-wkdYwnf;/
yXrr*¾ÓP'óe0dok'¨d NyD;\/
----------
'k w d , r*¾ Ó P'óe0d o k ' ¨ d j zpf y k H
aqmif y k ' f o H c d y f /
/ umç Asm-ESpfaxG? tusefacR? a&mufav
ou'g*g/
aomwmyefonf 0dyóemÓPf 10-wefukd wpfzef
tm;xkwjf yefonf&adS omf ou'g*grdr*foYdk a&mufjyef\? aomwm
yeftrnf uG,af v\? ou'g*grdtrnfudk &av\? udavomrSm
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 323
aomwmyeftcgü tuseu f ad vompkwiG f ½ke&Yf if;vsu&f adS o;aom
umr&m*ç Asmyg' 2-ckukdy,fowf\? odrfarGUaom umr&m*ç
Asmyg'-onfusef&Sdao;\? umrbkHrSm 1-Budrfom y#doaE¨ &Sd\/
(<uif;aom tpD&ifpkrSm yXrr*¾ÓP'óe- enf;wlodav/)
'kwd,r*¾ÓP'óe0dok'd̈NyD;\/
------
wwd , r*¾ Ó P'óe0d o k ' d ¨ j zpf y H k
aqmif y k ' f o H c d y f/
/umç Asm-ESpfaxG/ tukefacR? a&mifav
tem*g/
umr&m*çAsmyg'-ud k t<uif ; tusef r ½S d tuk e f t pif
y,fowfrçl umr&m*-r½So d jzifY umrbHrk mS y#doaE¨ae&ef udprö ½Srd ?l
þrQomxl;\/ t<uif;rSm a½S;enf;wl odav/
þtem*grfy*k Kd¾ vo f nf-
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2/ jA[®mYjynfodkY oGm;&aomyk*¾dKvfç
[lí 2-rsdK; ½Sd\/
ok'g¨ 0gobHük um;-
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2/ Oy[pö y&dedAÁm,Dç
3/ oocFg& y&dedAÁm,Dç
4/ tocFg& y&dedAÁm,Dç
5/ O'¨Haomwtued|*grDç
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 324
[lí 5-rsdK; ½Sd\/
wwd,r*¾ÓP'óe0dok'd̈NyD;\/
----------
pwk w ¬ Ó P'óe 0d o k ' ¨ d j zpf y k H
aqmif y k ' f o H c d y f /
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t&[w¬m/
tem*grfyk*¾Kdvfonf 0dyóemÓPf 10-wefudk tm;xkwf
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tukefao\? b0y#doaE¨ r½SdNyD? ypöa0u©Pm 0DxdrSm <uif;
udavomudk qifjcifaom yOör0Dxd r&Ny?D 4-0Dxo d m ½Sad wmYonf/
pwkw¬r*¾ÓPf'óe0dok'd¨ NyD;\/
-----------
r*f a y:yH k u d k tpOf t m;jzif h j yqd k c suf
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Yk
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aygif;pyfzUJG ,Suf aus;Zl;qufíaeaom w&m;tpkuykd ifvQif ½kycf J
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 325
rwufEdkifMubJ ae&\/
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cE¨mtpOfçtm,we tpOfonfyifvQif oHo&m tvsOfhMuD;jzpfí
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aumuf½;kd trdu I af xG;ukd vlyEkH iS w
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uif;&Sif;ojzifY jrif&if;twdkif;rSwpfyg; rMuHrpnf rawG;rawm
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d ausmu Y iG ;f rdNy;D aom owå0gwdYk xdo k cFg&tyHpk k ½kyef mrfoufouf
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xifí &Tifp&mESifY awGYvQifjrL;wl;ç aMumufp&mESifYawGYvQif ½l;rl;
ravmuf tvum; rm;armufvefYxdwfí aeMu&avonf?
pifppfum; oufoufocFg&wHk; ½kyfwHk;emrfcJawGyifwnf;/
0if½kd;ç pufbD;-paom ao;ao;zGJUzGJUrS pí &xm;\
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wnfwí hH aeaom w&m;pkuo kd mvQif owå0g[lí xifjrifpv GJ rf;í
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 326
aeMu\? ¤if;ypöKyÜef ½kyfemrftpkrSm bmwpfckrQ owå0g[lí
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taMumif;w&m;½Sdjcif;aMumifh tusdK;w&m; qufvufíaeaom
w&m;wdkY\ ypönf;ç ypö,kyÜef-tpOftwef; ½kyfemrfpcef;ç ½kyfemrf
vrf;rBuD;omwnf;? b,fb0u vmí b,fb0odkYoGm;aom
yk*d¾Kvfç owå0gç igç olwpfyg; r½Sd-[k ydkifEdkifpGm todÓPfayguf
aomtcg trsdK;rsdK;aom ,HkrSm;ouFm 0dpdudpämaysmufí ucFg
0dw&P 0dok'¨d-vrf;aygufav\/
þuJo h Ykd aygufa&mufatmif Munf½h eI nf;onf tEkq;kH aom
enf;vrf;jzpf\? þodkY taMumif;twGuf tusdK;jzpfí ae&\
taMumif;udk Ekwv f Qif ikww f w
k yf ifNyKd ysuí
f tusKd ;w&m; rqufEikd f
[k pifppfjrifvQif O',AÁ, ÓPfpcef;odv Yk nf; wef;wef;f rwfrf wf
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jrifaom O',ÓPf ay:ayguf\/ þtaMumif; r½SdcJhvQif jA[®mç
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tusdK;w&m; {uef ysufqHk;\-[k taMumif;udk EkwfíMunfhvQif
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 327
O',AÁ,-ÓPfac:\? xdkodkY emrf½kyfw&m;wdkY\ taMumif;ESifh
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a&tjyifü wpfckaom wkwfvSHwdkYjzifh a&;jcpfonf½Sdaomf
a&;jcpfaomwkwfvSHwHonf a&tjyifí pdkufqJtcgüom ta&;
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ckwdkYudk wdkufcdkufqJtcg vQyfppf jyufíjyufí csufcsif;vQyfppf
uG,fajymufavouJhodkYvnf;aumif;ç xdkYtwl vufiif;ypöKyÜef
xif½Sm;aom taMumif;w&m;onf aus;Zl;jyKcdkufwGifom vQyf
ppfjyufouJhodkY tusdK;w&m;ay:wnfhí wpfcgwnf; taMumif;
ESifhwuG ysufpD;&avawmhonf/
aus;Zl;jyKaom ypön;f w&m;u ckid jf raJ omw&m;jzpfygrlum;
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w&m;csi;f om aus;Zl;jyK&avonfjzpfí olu Y dk ru,fomç igvnf;
ru,fEdkifqkdouJhokdY ork'´&mtwGif;rSm tjyif;armyef; tm;pGrf;
vsvs vufyef;usaomol 2-a,mufykHuJhokdY taMumif;tusKd;
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f ½ku
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Yd o
hJ Ydk
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 328
tm;ukd;avmufzG,f tESpfom& bmwpfckrQ r&Sd/ jyifpifvGify
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ÓPf0wGif rSefjyouJhokdY xifjrifEdkifav\? þ tjzpftysuf 2-
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tysuf ü om owd Ó Pf wnf a wmh \ ? xk d b *F Ó Pf
xufoefvmaomtcg jyif;pGm½ku d Ef u
S í f uGyJ suqf jJ zpfaom tk;d cGuçf
avSmfcsufqJjzpfaom ESrf;ç y&rf;ywm jrLwkdYuJhokdYvnf;aumif;?
rkd;aygufBuD;pGm rkd;&Gmwkef;tcg urf;xdyfu&yfí Munfhaom
a,musfm;onf a&tjyifü ½Iyf,Sufcwfysufíçysufí aeaom
Oazmif; a&yGufwkdYukd jrif&ouJhokdYvnf;aumif; cyfodrf;aom
ocFg&w&m;wk\ Yd ½Iy,
f uS cf wf vsipf mG ysupf ;D íaeonfudk jrif&\/
b*FÓPf xufoefvmaomtcg ouf½Snfcsrf;om tem
uif;vkd ab;ukd aMumufwwfvSaom olonf jcaoFh opfusm;ç
om;&JpG,fjyL;ç bDvl;&u©Kdofç EGm;rkduf acG;Murf;ç rkef>yrf;aomqifç
qdyfvsif aoma>rqkd;ç rkd;BudK;usjcif;ç ocFsKdif;ppfyGJç &J&JNidaom
½Sm;rD;tpkawGukd awGUaomumv rdIifarha0aemuf aoravmuf
aMumujfcif;jzpfouJhokdY cyfodrf;OókH tvkH;pkH ysufjym;íaeaom
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vGefpGmaMumuf tm;BuD;vSaomb,-ÓPf xifjrifvm\/
b,ÓPf xuf o ef v maomtcg ouf ½ S n f c srf ; om
temuif;vdk ab;udkaMumufwwfaom olonf om;&J;aeaom
vsdKç usm;cdkaomawmifacgif;ç rdaMumif;&Jaom a&ç "m;jyaeaom
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 329
awmawmifç rD;avmifaom tdrfç ½G,fcsdefvGwfypf ckwfxpf
wdkufcdkufqJjzpfaom ppfajrodkYa&mufí aMumuf½GHUxdwfvefY
pdwfraysmf½Tif xuf0ef;usiftm;jzifh tjypftm'De0udk jrifouJhodkY
cyf o d r f ; aom b0wd k Y ü ud k ; pm;&m ½S m BuH r &? tvH k ; pH k a om
avmuBu;D udk rD;cJwiG ;f ç rD;cJpt k [ef tmoD0ad omyrokweå t f vm
"mwfav;jzmudk tqdwfvsifaom a>rç 5-axGaom cE¨mudk
Ou© d w å m od u -oef v suf c sD r aom ol o wf a ,musf m ;ç tZÑwå d
um,we 6-yg;udk ½Gmysufyrmç Am[d&m,we 6-yg;udk cdk;ol
"m;jyBuD;[ktjypfBuD;pGm xifaom tm'De0ÓPfay:vm\/
tm'D e 0ÓPf x uf o ef a omtcg taemwwf t d k i f \
taemufrsufESm&wem 7-yg;jzifhNyD;aom pdwåuk#fawmifajc-
Mumawm0,f ½Tifarmaysmfaeaom a½T[oFmonf 'Gef;p@m;
½Gm\txGuf pdrf;pdkaom ½THUtdkifyGufü rESpfouf raysmfEdkifouJhodkY
vnf;aumif;ç ,lZem 3000-a[0efacsmifEiS hf awmawmif tauGU
üom aysmaf rGUaeMujzpfaom rd*&mZmauo&monf vlU½Gm0if;NcüH
aysmpf rH arGU Ni;D aiGUavouJoh Ukd vnf;aumif;ç q'´Et Å ikd f tem;üom
aysmfyg;aeMujzpfaom qifjzLq'´ef aumif;uifysHonfh EdkifiHNrdKU
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Ykd nf;aumif;ç cyford ;f aom
bHb k 0 ½kyef mrf ocFg&wdüYk tjypftm'de0udk jrifNy;D aom a,m*Djrwf
wdoYk nf [oFmç auo&mç q'´e-f tvm; twefwefaom emr½ly"r®
ocFg&wdkYü aysmfydkuf&ef tm;ropfç rESpfNcdKufEkdif nd§K;rIdifEGrf;csd
ysif;&dNiD;aiGUjcif; wnf;[laom edAÁd'g-ÓPf ay:aygufav\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 330
edAÁd'g-ÓPf &ifYoefxufjrufaomtcg a>rrdaom zm;
ta,mifçcsKd iaYf vSmifrad om awmMuufç tvrÜm,fü a>rç ausmu Y iG ;f
rd a vaom orif ç *VKef v uf w G i f ; e*g;ç aMumif z m;vuf ü
<uufoli,fç eufus,faom ñGefaysmif;ü <uufoli,fç eufus,f
aom ñGefaysmif;ü usaomqiftdkç &m[krsdKaom vAdrmefç &effol
0dkif;aom a,musfm;-ponfuJYodkY b,fwpfpHkwpf&maom ocFg&ü
yifaysmfyg;Niduyf zGJYpyf wyffpGef;jcif;r½Sd? vGefpGmxefjyif; vGwfuif;
xGufajrmufvdkaom rkpödwkurswm-ÓPf ay:aygufvm\/
þÓPfodkY aygufa&mufvmu ig;aqmifaom a,mufsm;
onfa>ra[mufukd tkyrf u d yDw½d iT yf s ig;Mu;D &aygh-[k taomhvsipf mG
zrf;vdu k &f mwGif Bu;D pGmqdyaf wmuf pdwaf 'goaygufaom a>ra[muf
BuD;udk jrifav&mwGifrS aMumufvefYwkefat; a>ra[mufab;udk
a0;atmifypfzdkY&eftwGuf csufaumif;udk &SmjyD;rS a0;vSatmif
vTifYypfjyD;cg vsifpGmwufajy;í a>rab;rS igvGwfcJYayNyD-[k
0rf;ajrmuf0rf;om vSnfhumvnfhum awG;qbdouJhodkY ½kyfemrf
w&m;wdkY\ tjzpfoepfudk rpdppf rpHkprf; tuef;yuwd jzpfí
aepOfu ¤if;½kyef mrf\ taMumif;t&mudk wpfcgwpf&rH Q rMuzH efrd
'd|dwPSm onf;pGm wif;Murf; ief;rSef;aoG;rGefí aecJhrdorQudk
qdck NhJ y;D aomtwdik ;f y#dpo ö rkygÜ 'fenf;rS tajcpí O',AÁ,ÓPfrS
tqifq h ifwh ufum rkpw dö u k rswm-ÓPfoaYkd &mufu awG;axmuf
MuzH ef jyefveS f pOf;pm;vdu k u f a>ra[mufukd vufrS vGwNf y;D oluo hJ Ykd
ighrmS a½S;u rodb;l aom w&m;rsm;udk od&ayNy-D [k a½S;uxufyif
rsm;pGm tm;wufjyefojzifh vGwfvdkaom rkpdöwkurswmÓPf
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 331
aygufaomtwdik ;f vGw&f pdrahf omiSm bm0em 40-jzifh ÓPf0,fp;l
pdu
k f tm;wdu k zf Ed ySd f cJBuw d Bf uKd ;pm;av&m a½S;uxuf txiftNrif
omí wPSm'd|dwdkY yg;½Sm;onfxuf yg;½Sm;aom y#docFgÓPf
ay:aygufvm\/
vGwfxGuf&ef tm;wdkuf½laom y#docFgÓPf xufoefvm
aomtcga&S;OD; yxr-u cspfMunfvSpGmaom r,m;qdk;udk
&efNidK;rsufyGm; rkef;xm;jypfjrif cGgMuOf pGefYypfNyD;aemuf wpfpHkwpf
a,mufaom a,mufsm;ESiahf ysmyf g;ckerf if &,farm½Tií f aecsiw f ikd ;f
aeaomfvnf; rrkef;rcspf vspfvsLomjzpfouJhodkY cyfodrf;aom
½kyfemrf"r® ocFg&wdkYü igyifigyJ xifpGJp&m ÓPfjzifh ½Smr&aom
aMumifh aMumufjcif;ç ESpo f ufjcif;udpk eG yYf pfí rrke;f rcspf vspv
f sLjzpf
aom ocFg½kayu©m-ÓPf ay:aygufvm\/
ocFg&w&m;wdkYü aMumifhMuAsmyg'pdkufrI ajyNidrf;aom
ocFg½kayu©mÓPf tvGefxufoefaomtcg aexGufaomtcg
aexGuv f akd omf t½kPv f mjcif;uJo h Ykd r*fÓPf 4-yg;ay:&ef vGepf mG
avsmfvSaom r*fay:zdkYaus;Zl;jyKwwfaom tEkavmrÓPf
jzpfay:vm\/
þ tEkavmrÓPf-[lonfum; r*fjzpfaom 0DxdrSm
tm0ZÆef;çy&duH Oypm-aZmwdkY\aemuf a*gBwbl-aZm\a½SUü Nzpf
aomtEkvHkaZmyifvQifwnf;/
qdkcJhNyD;aom 0dyóemÓPfwdkYwGif ocFg½kayu©mÓPfESifh
tEkavmrÓPfwu Ykd kd oHo&m0#f twGi;f u twif;xí uRwv f wG f
aom r*fodkYa&mufapwwfaomaMumifh 0k|me*grdeD 0dyóem-
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 332
[líac:a0:tyf\? ocFg½kayu©mÓPfçtEkavmrÓPfç a*gMwbl
ÓPf 3-yg;udkvnf; avmuDw&m;wdkY\ txGwftxdwfqHk;okdY
a&mufaomÓPfwNYkd zpfí odcgywå0yd óemÓPf-[lí ac:a0:&
\? avmukwå&mrSvGJvQifqdkjyD;ÓPf 3-yg; txGwftxdyfqkH;
qdv k okd nf/
þ 0k|me*grdeD0dyóemodkY qdkufa&mufaomtcg {uef
er*fay:vmawmhrnfjzpfí tm;xkwf BuKd ;yrf; tvkyu f pd ö pifMu,f
jyD;ajrmufjyD;jzpfí y#dy'gÓP'óe0dok'¨d jzpf\? 0k|me*grdeD
0dyóem ÓPf&ifv h monf&aSd omf edAmÁ efutkd m½kjH yKaom a*gMwbl
pdwfESifhwuG r*fay:aygufvm\/
r*¾0Dxdjzpf[efum;- 'd|d0dok'd¨ç ucFg0dw&P0dok'd¨jzpfí
O',AÁ, paom 0dyóemÓPf tqifhqifh ocFg½kayu©mÓPf
wdkifatmif tm;wufBudK;rif; twif;qefwufvmaom a,m*D
yk*Kd¾ vt f m; r*fwnf;[laom tyÜem jzpfvv kd wfaomf a,m*Dy*k Kd¾ v\ f
wd[dwfb0ifonf b0*Fpveç b0*Fkyapä'- [lí b0if 2-Mudrf
us\? xdkYaemif raem'Gg&m0ZÆef; pdwfonf ½kyf emrf w&m;wdkY\
tedpö-paom vu©Pma&; 3-yg;wdkYwGif 1-yg;yg;udk tm½kHjyKí
tm0ZÆef;udpö ESifh jzpfí csKyf\? xdkYaemif r[mukodkvf orÜ,kwf
4-yg;wGif 1-yg; yg;onf tm0ZÆef;uJhokdY tm½kHjyKí y&duHç Oypmç
tekvkH-trnfjzifh 0k|me*grdeD 0dyóemaZm 3-BudrfjzpfícsKyf\?
xdaYk emif edAmÁ efukd tm½kjH yKí ykxZk Of\tEG,u f kd jzwfaom a*gMwbl
udpöESifh aZm 1-MudrfjzpfícsKyf\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 333
xd k Y a emif aomwmywd å r*f p d w f o nf -
1/ ½kyfemrf"r® ocFg&wdkY\ 'ku©tjzpfudk pifppfodjrifjcif;ç
2/ ork',opöm\ tyif;toif;jzpfaom 'd|dorÜ,kwå
wPSmç 0dpdudpämwdkYudk y,fjcif;ç
3/ tyg,f'ku©rS tjyD;wdkifjidrf;rI [k qdktyfaom edAÁmefudk
rsufarSmufjyKjcif;ç
4/ r*¾opömudk yGm;rsm;jcif;ç
[k qdt k yfaom udpBö u;D 4-yg;udk wpfjyKd ief uf wpfcsuwf nf;
jyD;pD;atmif aqmif&Gufav\/
þ aomwmywdår*fonf orkapä'y[efjzifh 'd|dç 0dpdudpäm-
wdkYudky,f\? r*fa&SUaZmwdkYwGif tekvHkÓPfaZmonf ocFg&vQif
tm½kH&dSaom 0dyóemt&mü txGwftxdyf tqkH;pGefjzpf\?
a*gMwbl ÓPfaZmonf 0k|me*grdeD 0dyóemt&mü txGwt f xdyf
tqkH;pGefjzpf\/
0d x d yk H p H u m;
bGif e ' r uH pm Ek a*g r*f zdkvf
000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000
zdkvf bGif
000 000
þ aomwmywdrå *f 0Dxüd a&SUaemufb0ifukd yOöa0gum&
wd[dwf b0if 9-ck cs? raem'Gg&m0ZÆef; tp tekvkH tqkH;&dSaom
pdwwf o
Ykd nf vu©Pma&; 3-yg;wdw Yk iG f wpfyg;yg;udk tm½Hjk yKuek \
f ?
a*gMwblç r*fçzdv
k w
f o
Ykd nf edAmÁ efukd tm½kjH yKuek \
f ? r*fa½SU aZmwdu Yk kd
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 334
r[mukov kd of rÜ,wk f 4-ckww Ykd iG f wpfcck ck s? aomwmywård *fonf
yOörpsmefESifh,SOfvQif r[mukodkvf wwd,a'G cs? <uif;aom
atmufpsmef 4-yg;ESi, hf OS v
f Qif yxra'G cs? aomwmywdrå *fEiS zf v kd f
cs? wdu©yk*¾KdvfjzpfvQifzdkvf 3-Budrf cs? a½SU umraZmwGif u&duHudk
csef? rE´yk*¾dKvfjzpfvQif zdkvf2-Budrf cs? y&duHudkvnf; xnfh/
wd u © y k * ¾ d K vf \ 0D x d y H k p H
bGif e ' r pm Ek a*g r*f zdkvf zdkvf
000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000
zdkvf bGif
000 000
xdk a,m*Dyk*d¾Kvfonf 'kud©wowå0g oHo&mc&D;orm;
ykxZk Oftvm;rS uRwv f w
G xf ajrmufí t&d,EG,0f if edAmÁ efocif
tjzpfodkYa&mufav\/
xdyk xrtqifh r*fvrf;yGiNhf y;D aomyk*K¾ vo f nf t½Si;f owf
'd|çd 0dpu
d pd mä udk y,fNy;D jzpfí aemuf tyg,foYkd oGm;&OD;rnfavm-
[k awG;awmaMumufvefYzG,faomab;ç ½kyfemrfcE¨mwdkYudk igyif
igyJ[h xifpv JG rd ahf omab;ç &wem3-yg;ü ,Hrk mS ;vdrahf om ab;wdrk S
at;at;omom wpfcgwnf; vGwf&\? tu,fí wpfb0wnf;
edAmÁ efoYkd raygufcahJ o;vQif txGwt f jrwfjzpfaom bHb k 0wdüYk om
0domcgç temxydPfwdkYuJhodkY NrdefNrdefBuD; aysmfyg; tNidrf;pm;yifpif
&í 7-b0xuf rvGef&bJ edAÁmefNrdKufyef;udk acRvSrf;yefqif&
avawmhownf;/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 335
r*faygufaomtcg wpfqifhwpfwef; todÓPfudpö
pifMu,fNyD;pD;NyD jzpfí ÓP'óe0dok'd¨ ayguf\? qdkcJhNyD;aom
O',AÁ,-paom 0dyóemÓPftpOfrSm wpfqifhxufwpfqifh
&ifh&ifhBuD; xl;jcm;pGm a&;om;jyqdkcJhaomfvnf; tvkyfpcef;rSm
O',AÁ,ÓPf aumif;aumif;aygufvQif ½kyfemrfw&m;wdkY\
y#dpöorkyÜg'f enf;pHepftwdkif; taMumif;tusdK;wGJpyf aus;ZljyKMu
yH k u d k jrif v Qif v nf ; O',AÁ , ÓPf tvG e f v G , f v S a wmh \ /
yxrr*fudk &NyD;aom yk*¾dKvfonf o'´gpGrf;ç 0D&d,pGrf;ç ynmpGrf;
½Sdoavmuf txuft*f 3-yg;okdY tvsifESifYtaES; aygufa&muf
avawmhonf? [dr0EÅmrS pD;qif; vmaom **Fga&onf ork'&´ mokYd
twGifpD;ouJhodkY yxrt&d,mvnf; edAÁmefork'´&modkYom pD;av
awmh\/
aqmif y k ' f o H c d y f/ /vGwfvdkvSí? vGwf&wJhiSg? bm0em-40?
tusm,fjzefYcsd? tm;wdkufzd? y#docFgÓPf/
(bm0em 40-qdkonfum; awm 40-yifwnf;/)
----------
bm0em 40-aqmif y k ' f
cE¨ m 5-yg;
cE¨m? cE¨mwkdYonf/
1/ ½lyu©aE©m? ½kyftpk[laom ½lyu©E¨mvnf;aumif;/
2/ a0'emu©aE¨m? cHpm;rItpk[al om a0'emu©Em¨ vnf;
aumif;/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 336
3/ onmu©aE¨m? trSwjf yKí odrt
I pk[al om onmu©Em¨
vnf;aumif;/
4/ ocFg&u©aE¨m? pdwf\ aphaqmfrIç jyKjyifrItpk[laom
ocFg&u©Em¨ vnf;aumif;/
5/ 0dnmPu©aE¨m? tm½kHudk axGaxG xl;xl; odrItpk
[laom 0dnmPu©E¨mvnf;aumif;/
£ar? þonfwkdYum;/ yOöu©E¨m? 5-yg;aom cE¨mwdkYwnf;/
ted p ö v u© P m 10-yg;
£ar yOöu©E¨m? þ 5-yg;aom cE¨mwdkYonf/
1/ tedpöm? NrJjcif;oabm r½Sdukef/
2/ t"k0g? cdkifrmjcif;oabm r½dSukef/
3/ tom&m? tESpfom& r½dSukef/
4/ pvm? a½GU½Sm;wwfukef\
5/ yavmu"r®m? ysufpD;jcif;oabm ½Sdukef\/
6/ 0dy&dPmr"r®m? azmufjyefjcif;oabm ½Sdukef\/
&/ r&P"r®m? aoqkH;jcif;oabm ½Sdukef\/
8/ 0db0"r®m? qkH;½IH;jcif;oabm ½Sdukef\/
9/ ocFgwm? tzefzef jyKjyiftyfukef\/
10/ yb*kFaem? z½kdz&J jydKuGJjcif;oaom ½dSukef\/
tedpöH? tedpövu©Pm 10-yg;wnf;/
'k u © v u© P m 25-yg;
£ar yOöu©E¨m? þ 5-yg;aom cE¨mwdkYonf/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 337
1/ 'ku©m? ,kwfrmnpfqdk;'ku©rsKd;wdkYomwnf;/
2/ b,m? aMumufzG,fnpfqdk;ab;&efrsKd;wkdYomwnf;/
3/ þwd? xdwfvefYozG,f tEÅ&m,frsKd;wdkYomwnf;/
4/ Oy'´0g? vGefpGmuyf&yfEdSyfpufwwfaom? Oy'frsKd;
wdo
Yk mwnf;/
5/ Oyo*¾g? wG,fwmpGJuyf ESdyfpufwwfaom Oy'frsKd;
wdo
Yk mwnf;/
6/ a&m*g? Muifemnpfqdk; a&m*grsKd;wdkYomwnf;/
7/ tmAm"m? ESdyfpufnpfqdk; temrsdK;wdkYomwnf;/
8/ *@m? rzG,f½kyfqif; xGwfjrif;temrsdK;wdkYomwnf;/
9/ ov’m? pl;0ifnpfqdk;jrm;ajimifhrsdK;wdkYomwnf;/
10/ tCm? tusKd;,kwf tusdK;rJhrsdK;wdkYomwnf;/
11/ twmPm? apmif h a ½S m uf r J h v sOf ; ab;\toif ;
wdo
Yk mwnf;/
12/ tavPm? uG,fumrJhvsOf; ab;\ toif;wdkYom
wnf;/
13/ to&Pm? ud;k &mrJvY sO;f ab;\ toif;wdo Yk mwnf;/
14/ tm'De0g? qdk;0g;npfusK tjypfpkwdkYomwnf;/
15/ tCrlvm? usdK;rJYcyif; qif;&Jjcif;\ t&if;tjrpfwdkY
omwnf;/
16/ 0"um? vlç ewfçjA[®m owå0gudk em&Drvyf twGif
owfonfh vlowfrsdK;½dk;wdkYomwnf;/
17/ omo0g? tmoa0gw&m; 4-yg;wdkY\ tpD;tyGg;wdkY
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 338
omwnf;/
18/ rm&mrdom? udavomrm&f rpöKrm&fwdkY\ pm;zwfç
0g;zwfo;Hk oyfeif;e,f&mwdo Yk mwnf;/
19/ Zmwd"r®m? owå0gudk rñ§mriJY t½GUJ tapmif; raumif;
qdk;npfjzpfcsifwdkif;jzpfwwfaom oabm½Sdukef\/
20/ Z&m"r®m? qkwf,kwfavsmYyg;jcif; oabm½Sdukef\/
21/ Asm"d"r®m? emjcif;oabm½Sdukef\/
22/ aomu"r®m? pdk;&drfylyef&jcif; oabm½Sdukef\/
23/ y&da'0"r®m? ikda<u;jrnfwrf;&jcif; oabm½Sdukef\/
24/ Oyg,mo"r® m ? ouf B uD ; ½S K d u f i if yif y ef ; &jcif ;
oabm½Sdukef\/
25/ oHuad vodu"r®m? wPSmç 'd|çd 'kp&ö w d -wnf;[laom
npf E G r f ; jcif ; 3-yg;uk d yG m ;pD ; apwwf a om
oabm½Sdukef\/
'ku©H? 'ku©vu©Pm 25-yg;wnf;/
-------
tewå v u© P m 5-yg;
£ar yÍöu©E¨m? þ 5-yg;aom cE¨mwdkYonf/
1/ tewåm? udk,fr[kwfukef? tpkd;r&ukef? tvdkokdY
rvdu k u
f ek /f
2/ ya&? tuRrf;0ifjcif; tjrJuif;aom olpdrf;jyify
wdo
Yk mwnf;/
3/ &dwåm? tESpfom& [lorQESifY jrLpr,SOf tpOfqdwf
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 339
uif;aom w&m;wdkYomwnf;/
4/ wkpäm? aumif;jrwfcsrf;om r*Fvmokc [lorQESifY
jrLpreD; tcsD;ESD;aom w&m;wdkYomwnf;/
5/ oknm? axmuf&mwnf&m uk;d uG,&f mrsKd ; wpfp;dk wpfpd
r½SdvHk;vHk; tokH;rusaom w&m;wdkYomwnf;/
tewåm? tewåvu©Pm 5-yg;wnf;/
(u) tedpövu©Pm 10-yg;/
(c) 'ku©vu©Pm 25-yg;/
(*) tewåvu©Pm 5-yg;/
aygif;bm0em 40-jzpf\/
bm0em 40-aqmifyk'f NyD;\/
-----------
0d a rmu© 3-yg;
1/ tedrdwå 0darmu©/
2/ tyÜPD[dw 0darmu©/
3/ oknw 0darmu©/
aqmif y k ' f o H c d y f/ /0darmu©euf? uRwfvGwfcsuf? zdkvfr*frnf
onm/
0darmu©um; uRwfvGwfjcif; teufwnf;? oHo&me,f
wpfciG rf S tpOfojzifY uRwv f w
G f wwfaom teufoabmaMumifY
r*f 4-yg;ç zdkvf 4-yg;onf 0darmu©rnf\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 340
0darmu© rkc 3-yg;
1/ tedrdwåmEkyóemÓPf/
2/ tyÜPd[dwmEkyóemÓPf/
3/ oknwmEkyóemÓPf/
aqmifyk'foHcdyf/ /0darmuf-rkc? wHcg;0? t& vu©Pm/
0darmu© rkc 3-yg; txl;
1/ tedpömEkyóemÓPf/
2/ 'ku©mEkyóemÓPf/
3/ tewåmEkyóemÓPf/
0darmu©rkc-um; r*f\wHcg;0ç zdkvf\wHcg;0wnf;? t&
rlum; vu©Pma&; 3-yg;wnf;? tEkavmrÓPf 3-yg;qdk vdo k nf/
aqmif y k ' f o H c d y f/ /0k|me*grded? ÓPfqdkufbd? 0drke,ftyg/
0dyóemÓPf 10-yg;wdkYwGif tqHk;jzpfaom 0k|me*grdeD
trnf½Sdaom ocFg½kayu©mÓPfç tEkavmrÓPf 2-yg;odkY
qduk af &mufaomtEkyóemÓPf 3-yg;onf r*fwcH g;0rnfaom
0darmu©rkc e,fwGif;okdY yg0ifNyD-[lvdk/
aqmif y k ' f o H c d y f/ /tedrdwå? tedpö? 'ku© yPd[dwm/
tewårl? okn[l? oHk;ql Ekyóem/
1/ tedpömEkyóemÓPfonf tedrdwåmEkyóem-rnf\/
2/ 'ku©mEkyóemÓPfonf tyÜPd[dEkyóem-rnf\/
3/ tewåmEkyóemÓPfonf oknwmEkyóem-rnf\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 341
aqmif y k ' f o H c d y f/ /yk*Kd¾ vçf owå0g? t*FgBu;D i,f? qef;wMu,f?
rSwzf , G ef rd w
d må /
yk*¾dKvfç owå0gonf edrdwfrnf\? OD;acgif;ç ajcç vuf
paomt*FgBuD;pkonfvnf; edrdwfrnf\? rsufvHk;em;ç ESmacgif;ç
cHwGif;ç EIwfcrf;ç vQmç oGm;-paom t*Fgi,fpk? qHyifç arG;nif;ç
ajconf;ç vufonf;-paom 32-yg;aom aum|mo-pkonfvnf;
edrw
d rf nf\/
aqmif y k ' f o H c d y f / /tukeef rd w d ?f aysmufatmifBuw
d ?f tedrw
d å
om/
owå0gwkdY\pdwfwGif j'AfoP²mefESifh aMumifaMumif xif
Nrifí aeMuaom xkdedrdwfw&m;awGudk obm0ÓPfç tedpöÓPf
ESifhtzefzefBudwfe,fíuG,faysmufapEkdifaom ÓPfjzpfaom
aMumifh tedpömEkyóemÓPfudk tedrwåÓPf qdkonf/
aqmif y k ' f o H c d y f/
/ twift h w,f? tzG,t f &m? r*Fvmokb?
okc £|? xiforQ? rSwfMu yPd[dwm/
vlYavmuçewfavmuç jA[®mhavmuç tZÑwåç A[d'¨ç
awblru "r®wdkY\twGif;ü ESpfoufzG,f jrwfEdk;zG,f wifhw,f
aumif ; jrwf o nf u d k a wG U &S d x if j rif í aeMuaomt&monf
yPd[dw-rnf\/ xdkyPd[dw-awGudkab;b,tpk xifatmif
½IaomÓPfjzpfí 'kum© EkyóemÓPfudk tyÜP[ d w
d ÓPf rnf\/
aqmif y k ' f o H c d y f / /ewfç vlçjA[®m? igçolwpfyg;? a,musfm;ç
rdef;r? yk*¾vESifh? pdk;&ydkifEdkif? cHhcdkifjrifh&Snf?
oufq;kH wnf[?k tm;pnforQ? teEÅ? twåç
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 342
ZD0om/
twå ç ZD a 0? aysmuf u if ; ap? rS w f a v
oknwm/
ypön;f ypö,yk EÜ "é r®tpkç ocFg&tpkrQom jzpfonfuv kd nf;
aumif;ç cPcsi;f cPcsi;f csKyu f , G f aoqH;k í aerIuv
kd nf;aumif;ç
½Ijrifojzifh xdktwå ZD0 txiftjrifudk aysmufuG,fapwwfaom
ÓPfjzpfí tedpömEkyóemÓPfudk oknwÓPf-qdkonf/
0darmu© rck 3-yg;txl;NyD;NyD/
------
0d a rmu© tjym;
aqmif y k ' f o H c d y f /
/ol Y w H c g;rS ? ayguf a &muf u ? armu©
olUr*fom/
r*fodkY0ifa&muf&ef tEkyóemÓPf wHcg; 3-ayguf&Sd
onfwGif-
1/ tedpöEkyóem ÓPfaygufrS 0ifa&mif&&Sdaom r*f
onf tedrdwå enf\ /
2/ 'ku©mEkyóem ÓPfaygufrS 0ifa&muf&&Sdaom r*f
onf tyÜPd[dw-r*frnf\/
3/ tewåmEkyóemÓPfaygufrS 0ifa&muf&&Sdaom
r*fonf oknwr*frnf\/
þodkY a&mufaMumif;[laom 0Dyóem tm*rrkc-udk
tpGjJ yKí r*fonftrnf 3-yg;wGif wpfyg;yg;ud&k \? r*¾0x D üd usaom
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 343
zdkvfonfvnf; r*fudktpGJjyKí rdrdr*f&aom trnfudk&\? zv
ormywåd 0Dxdü usaomzdkvfonfum; olY0dyóemudk tpGJjyKí
tedrdwå-paom trnfoHk;yg;wGif wpfyg;yg;udk &\/
(þum; tm*rrkc-\ tpGrf;jzifh r*fzdkvfwdkYü
trnf 3-yg; jzpfyHkwnf;/)
wpf e nf ; / / edAmÁ efonf trnf 3-yg;udk &\? r*fzv
kd f
wdkYonf xdkedAÁmefudk tm½HkjyKaomaMumifh tm½kHudktpGJjyKí trnf
3-yg;vHk;udk tukef&Mu\/
wpf e nf ; / / &m*ç a'goç arm[ 3-yg;oonf edrdwå-
vnf; rnf\? yPd"d-vnf; rnf\? tvHk;pHkaom r*fzdkvfwdkYonf
xdkedrdwå"r®ç yPd"d"r®-wdkY\ tm½kHtjzpfrS vGwfukef\? xdk"r®wdkYrS
qdwfuif;ukef\? xdkYaMumifh tvHk;pHkaom r*fzdkvfwdkYonf rdrdwdkY\
yuwdoabmudk tpGJjyKívnf; 3-yg;aom trnfwdkYudkvnf;
&Muuke\ f /
oAÁnKbk&m;&SifwdkY\ tqHk;trwnf;[laom omoem
awmfü þ0darmu©wdkYjzifh uRwfvGwfMuukefaom yk*¾dKvfwdkYonf-
1/ o'¨gEkom&D yk*¾dKvfç
2/ o'¨g"drkwå yk*¾dKvfç
3/ um,odu©d yk*¾dKvfç
4/ "r®mEkom&D yk*¾dKvfç
5/ 'd|dywå yk*¾dKvfç
6/ ynm0drkwåyk*¾dKvfç
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 344
7/ Obawmbm*0drkwåd yk*¾dKvfç
[lí yk*¾dKvf 7-rsKd; &Sdukef\/
0darmu© tjym;NyD;\/
ormywf tjym;
cyfodrf;aom zv|yk*¾dKvfwdkYonf rdrdwdkY\zdkvfudk rdrdwdkY
toD;toD; 0ifpm;EdkifMuukef\? r0ifpm;Edkifol-[lí r&SdMuukef?
xdkYaMumifh zvormywfrnfonf cyfodrf;aom zv|yk*¾dKvfwdkYESifh
qufq\ H /
(þum; zvormywf 4-yg;wnf;)
'd | "r® ed A Á m eef
'd|"r®edAÁmef[kqdktyfaom eda&m"ormywfonfrlum;
avmuDpsmeformywf 8-yg;ç 9-yg;udk tukef&&Sdíaeaom umrç
½ly-tem*grfç &[EÅm-yk*¾dKvfwdkYonfomvQif 0ifpm;Edkifukef\/
0if p m;yH k u m; - ½ly yxrpsmef ormywfudk a&S;OD;pGm
0ifpm;\? xdkrSxí xdkyxrpsmef ormywf twGif;ü&Sdaom
½kyef mrfw&m;wdu Yk kd vu©Pma&;wif½\
I ? psmef0ifpm;rIum; orx
tvkyfwnf;? vu©Pma&; wifrIum; 0dyóem tvkyfwnf;/
þenf;twl 'kwd,psmeformywfç wwd,psmeformywfç
pwkwåpsmeformywfç yOörpsmef ormywfç tmumomeOöm,we
ormywfç 0dnmPOö,we ormywfç tmudOn ö m,we ormywf-
wdkYudkvnf; tpOftwdkif; 0ifpm;í oGm;\? tmudOönm,we
ormywfrSxNyDd;onf\ tjcm;rJhü ykAÁudpö 4-yg;udk jyKNyD;vQif
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 345
ae0onmemonm,we ormywfudk 0ifpm;\? tem*grfyk*¾dKvf
tm; ae0onm ukov kd af Zm 2-Burd çf &[EÅm yk*Kd¾ vt
f m; ae0onm
Bud,maZm 2-BudrfusNyD;vQif pdwftpOf csKyfjywfjcif;[laom
eda&m"ormywfoYkd a&mufav\? pdwrf &Sb d J 7-&uf 6-&uf ponf
wnfaeNyD; aemuf xdkormywfrS xvdkaomf a&S;OD;pGm tem*grf
yk*Kd¾ vt
f m; tem*grdzv kd çf &[EÅmyk*Kd¾ vtf m; t&[wåzv kd f wpfBurd f
jzpfay:í b0ifusav\/
ormywftjym; NyD;\/
(þwGifa&GUum; 'd|d0dok'¨dç ucFg0du&P0dok'¨dç r*¾gr*¾ÓP
'óe0dok'¨dç y#dy'gÓP'óe0dok'¨dç ÓP'óe0dok'¨d-[lí
0dok'¨dab'-tm;jzifh 5-yg;tjym;&Sdaom t"dynm omoemawmf
jrwfBu;D tNy;D wdik f tpDt&if tusO;f csKyNf y;D \? a&SUüjyqdck NhJ y;D aom
t"dov D odum© omoemç t"dpw d o
å u d m© omoem 2-yg;ESihf aygif;
onf&Sdaomf omoemawmfjrwfBuD; 3-yg;ç 0dok'¨dBuD; 7-yg;jzpf\/)
0dok'¨d 7-yg; NyD;\/
------
t|uxmBuD ; rsm; rd e f Y q d k c su
suf
aqmifyk'foHcdyf/ / yd#uwf 2-yHk? tusOf;csKH? EIwfiHkolwdkYrSm/
pdwfydkif;ç apwodufydkif;ç yudPf;ydkif;ç 0Dxdydkif;ç ½kyfydkif;ç
ypönf;ydkif;-aywnf;? bHkydkif;ç orkpönf;ydkif;ç ur|mef;ydkif;wdkYonf
okwåefyd#uwfudkvnf; tusOf;csHK;aom tydkif;wdkYaywnf;? 9-
ydik ;f vH;k udk odr;f usK;H rdaom olwoYkd nf tusO;f csKyt
f m;jzifh yd#uwf
2-yHkudk EIwfiHkodrf;ydkufrdMuukef\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 346
xdkolwdkYonf þb0rSmyif tuRwfw&m;&Edkif&ef "r®
taqmufttHEk iS hf jynfph MkH uuke\ f ? þb0ü tuRww f &m; r&&Scd hJ
vQif ewfjynfü uRwfMuukefvwåH? þomoemrS usef&SdMu aom
olwdkYonf omoemy aemufumvü yapöuAk'¨gjzpfí uRwfMu
ukefvwåHU? usef&Sdaom olwdkYonf aemufbk&m; omoemü ynm
{w'*fç tbdnm{w'*f xufjrufoD;oD; tausmftarmfBuD;
jzpfMuí uRwfMuukefvwåHU/
(þum; *wypöm*w 0wfüvmaom t|uxmBuD;rsm;
rdefYqdkcsufaywnf;/)
t"dynmomoemudk jyqdkcef;NyD;\/
-----------
14-ed A Á m ef u d k jyqd k c ef ;
(u) ed A Á m ef \ at;Nid r f ; aomoabm
aqmifyk'foHcdy/f /'kuc© yford ;f ? csKyjf ywfNird ;f ? Zmwford ;f jynfeAd mÁ ef/
ZmwdcsKyfNidrf;onfudk Zmwfodrf;qdkonf? vGefcJhNyD;aom
terw*¾oo H &m urÇmtqufquf b0tqufquf Zmwfxu G í f
vmcJhaom udavomwdkY\ tjzpfNidrf;rIç Zmwfodrf;rIç yknm-ykn
ocFg&[laom ukov kd u
f H tukov kd u
f w H \
Ykd tjzpfNird ;f rIç Zmwford ;f
rIç y#doaEÅy0wå0d yd gwf ½kyef mrfcE¨mwd\ Yk tjzpfNird ;f rIç Zmwford ;f rIukd
edAmÁ efqo
kd nf-[lv/kd
(c) tyl E S p f r sKd ;
ykxkZOfwdkY\ oEÅefü t0Dpd-tp&Sdaom tyg,fb0odkY
ypfcs&ef tpOfyg&Sdíaeukefaom tukodkvf uHa[mif;wdkYonf
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 347
wpfa,mufwpfa,mufaomolrSmyif toacsF,steEÅ &SdMuav
ukef\/ vlrif;ç ewfrif;ç jA[®mrif;BuD;yif jzpfíaeMuukefaomf
vnf; pdwEf vS ;kH twGi;f rSm tpOfyg&Sí
d aeMuukeaf om xdt
k ukov
kd f
uHa[mif;wdkYtwGuf tylaumifBuD;awG oufoufomwnf;/
(þum; uHa[mif;awGtwGufESifh
tylaumifawGjzpfí aeMuyHkwnf;/)
xdkykxkZOfwdkY\ oEÅefü a&SUodkYvnf; 'kp½dkuftukodkvf
teEÅwdkYonf jzpfyGm;MuukefvwåHUomwnf;? vlrif;ç ewfrif;ç
jA[®mrif;yifjzpfí aeMuukefaomfvnf; a&SUodkY jyKvwåHUukefaom
xdk'kp½kduf tukodkvf uHopfwdkYtwGuf tylaumifBuD;awG ouf
oufomwnf;/
(þum; uHopfawGtwGufESifh
tylaumifawGjzpfí aeMuyHkwnf;/)
(*) tyl r S ed A Á m ef \ at;Nid r f ; yH k
aomwmywådr*fodkYa&mufaomtcg xdktwdwfuH teEÅwdkY
onf tukefcsKyfNidrf;avukef\? xdktem*wfuH teEÅwdkYonf
tukefZmwfodrf;ukef\? tyÜg,foHo&mBuD;onfvnf; xdkolwdkY
oEÅmefrmS tukeZf mwford ;f avuke\ f ? þcsKyNf ird ;f rIç Zmwford ;f rIonf
aomwmyefodkY a&mufMuç &Muç cHpHMuaom edAÁmefBuD;aywnf;?
xdkaomwmyefwdkYonf vlUbHkç ewfbHkç jA[®mbHkwdkYrSm b0tquf
quf urÇmtqufquf usifvnfí aeMu&m ykxkZOftylaumif
awGudk jrifwdkif; jrifwdkif;jrifwdkif; igwdkYrSmNidrf;ayNyD? at;ayNyD[lí
terw*¾Bu;D us,v f aS om xdek Ad mÁ efcsr;f omBu;D udk b0t qufquf
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 348
urÇmtqufquf tpOfcHpm;í oGm;Mu&ukef\ /
y&d e d A Á m ef p H & m b0wd k i f a tmif omoemy-aomb0ç
omoemy-aomurÇm-[lí xdo k w l rYkd mS r&SMd uukeNf y;D rdr\d Nird ;f &ef
edAÁmef[laom taMumif;ESifh wpfyg;aombk&m;udkvnf; awmifhw
zG,f r&SdMuukefNyD/ wpfyg;aom omoemudkvnf; awmifhwzG,f
r&dMS uukeNf y/D rdrw d &Ydk Ny;D a&mufNy;D edAmÁ efBu;D \ twGi;f rS b0rsm;pGm
urÇmtqufquf rxGufMu&ukefNyD/ xdkedAÁmefBuD;\twGif;ü
wnfí tvkd&dS&m vlYcsrf;omç ewfcsrf;omç jA[®mhcsrf;om wdkYudk
cHpm;pHpm;MuukefjyD;rS tm;&Muukefaomtcg cE¨mudk pGefYypfMu
uke\ f /
Oyrmum;
Oyrmum;- jrifhrdk&fawmifajc&Sd ,lZem 8-aomif; 4-
axmifeufus,fpGmaom tvGefat;jr MunfvifpGmaom oDwm
ork'&´ mBu;D \ twGi;f rSm &Sad eMuukeaf om ig;Bu;D taygif;wko Yd nf
wpfyg;aom jrpfork'´&mukd awmifhwzG,f r&SdMuukefjyD/ ESpfaygif;
rnfrQyifMumukeaf omfvnf; a&ukerf nfç a&cef;rnfç a&aemufrnfç
a&ylrnfukdaMumifhzG,f r&SdMuukefjyD? xkdoDwmr[mork'´&mBuD;\
twGi;f üom touf½n S Mf uorQ umvywfv;Hk tvk½d w dS idk ;f jrL;wl;
aysmfyg;pGm aeMuukefNyD;rS cE¨mukd pGefYMuukefownf;/
xkdpum;rSef\? xkdtwdwf tem*wf 'kpö½kdufuH teEÅwkdY\
Nidrf;jcif;[laom edAÁmefokdY a&mufMuukefNyD;aom xkdyk*¾dKvfwdkYonf
xdNk ird rf u
I ek q
f ;kH jyefí ykxZk OftjzpfoYdk wzef a&mufMu&jyefuek o f nf/
tyg,fab;udk aMumufMu&jyefukefonf? bk&m;wpfyg;ç omoem
wpfyg;ukd arQmfMu&jyefukefonf[k r½SdMuukefNyD? oHo&mü usif
vnfí oGm;Muukeaf omfvnf; oHo&m0#frS uRwv f w G af om tae
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 349
ESiYf usivf nfMu&uke?f oHo&m0#fü epfreG ;f arsmyg;í aemufusaom
0#faumifrsKd ;ç tylaumifrsKd ; r[kwMf uukeNf y?D jyqdck NYJ yaD om teuf
wdkYukdrlum; tbdor,oH,kwf ygVdawmfMuD;ukd axmufí odtyf
uke\ f /
(þonfum; 'd|dç 0dpdudpämwdkY\ tjzpfNidrf;rIç Zmwfodrf;rIç
ta[mif;topfjzpfuek af om cyford ;f ukeaf om 'kp½ku d u f wH \
Ykd csKyf
Nidrf;rIç Zmwfodrf;rIç tyg,foHo&mBuD;\csKyfNidrf;rIç Zmwfodrf;rI-
[laom aomwmyefwo Ykd nf&Muç a&mufMuç cHpMH u&aom tocFw
r[medAmÁ efBu;D \ tjcif;t&mukd t&dyt f >rufrQjyqdck suw f nf;? <uif;
aom t&d,myk*¾dKvfwdkYrSmvnf; xdkufonftm;avsmfpGmodav/)
(C) oOyg'd a ooçtEk y g'd a oo-ed A Á m ef 2-rsd K ;
uH\ tusdK;jzpfaom cE¨mig;yg;onf wPSmç 'd|d-wdkY\
tusdwftcJpJGvrf;&mjzpfí Oyg'd-rnf\/
aqmifyk'foHcdyf/ / oOyg'd? aoo-ed? <uif;½Sd ig;&yfcef/
ed - um; ed A Á m ef w nf ; ? b0cE¨ m oH o &mt<uif ; tusef
½Sad epOftcgaygufa&muf&½Sd cHpMH u&aom edAmÁ efonf oOyg'daoo
edAÁmef rnf\/
aomwmyefwüYkd 'd|çd 0dpu d pd mä wd\
Yk csKyNf ird ;f rIç cyford ;f aom
'kp½kdufuHwdkY\ csKyfNidrf;rIç tyg,foHo&mBuD;\ csKyfNidrf;rIukd
qdkownf;? xdkoOyg'daooedAÁmefokdY a&mufMuí xdkedAÁmefü
wnfaeMuukeaf om aomwmyef yk*Kd¾ vw f t Ykd m; tyg,f 4-yg;[laom
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 350
'k*¾wdoHo&m r½SdMuukefNyD? bkef;wefcdk; usufoa&ESifY jynfpHkaom
vlUb0ç ewfb0ç jA[®mYb0-[laom oOyg'dw&m; usef½SdonfY
twGuf oOyg'daoo ac:qdk&ownf;/
(<uif;aom t&d,mwdkYrSmvnf; xdkufonfYtm;avsmfpGm
odav/)
aqmifyk'foHcdyf/ / tEkyg'd? aoo-ed? r½Sd ig;&yfcef/
cE¨m<uif;ç b0<uif;ç oHo&m<uif; tvsOf;r½Sdaom tqHk;
pGefaom y&dedAÁmefpHrIonf tEkyg'daooedAÁmef rnf\/
þ edAÁmef 2-yg;onf usef½Sdaom b0cE¨moHo&m twGuf
ESifYtac:omvGJMuonf? wpfckwnf;aom tocFw r[medAÁmef
Mu;D yifwnf;/
Oyrmum;- wpfcak om rd;k aumif;uifBu;D ukyd ifvQif &yfay:
&Gmay:rSm ½Sdonfukd ½Gmaumif;uif [líç ½GmrS uRwfvGwf&mü
½So
d nfudk awmaumif;uif[í l qdt k yfouJo
Y w
Ydk nf;? ouúm,'d|çd
0dpdudpäm tyg,foHo&mwdkY\ csKyfNidrf;rIrSpí wpfqufwnf;ç
wpfcw k nf;omwnf;/
(i) ok n w ted r d w å ç tyÜ P D [ d w ed A Á m ef 3-rsd K ;
aqmifyk'foHcdyf/ /oknç edrdwf? yPd[dwf? jzmpdwf okH;edAÁmef/
edAmÁ efonf oknwedAmÁ efç tedrw d eå Ad mÁ efç tyÜP[
d w
d edAmÁ ef-
[lí 3-yg;jym;\/
aqmif y k ' f o H c d y f / /yvdaAm"? aMumifYMuoAÁH? uif;qdwfnH?
edAmÁ efon
k w/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 351
ocFw"r® taygif;wdkYwGif t&[wåzdkvf tjrwfqHk;wnf;?
xdkt&[wåzdkvfonf Zmwd½Sdaom w&m;rsdK;jzpfí &½SdNyD;aemuf
0ifpm;vdjk yefonf½adS omf jzpfay:&ef taMumif;tcGiaYf wGukd aMumifY
Mupku d Ef ikd rf l jzpfay:\? jzpfay:í cHpm;pHpm;qJrmS yif rwfwwfcsKyf
ysuf uG,faysmufíoGm;\? cHpm;vdk jyefvQif wpfzef aMumifYMu
pku
d &f jyef\? aMumifMY upku d rf yI vdaAm"-rqH;k ½Sad e\? xdrk <S uif;aom
ocFw-w&m;wdkYü qdkzG,fr½Sd/
edAmÁ efro l nfum;-xdu k o
hJ rYdk [kw?f Zmwduif;Nird ;f aom Zmwf
odrf;rIjzpfayí ouúm,'d|d tNyD;csKyfNidrf;jcif;ukd wpfBudrf&½Sd
onfYaemuf xdk'd|dNidrf;rIç tyg,foHo&mNidrf;rIonf b0tquf
quf urÇmtqufquf tNrJwnfavawmYonfjzpfí xdkNidrf;rI
twGufESifY aMumifYMupkdufzG,f udpöwpfpkH wpfckrQr½SdNyD? oDwm
ork'&´ Bu;D \ twGi;f rSmaeaom ig;Bu;D wdu Yk o
YJ Ydk xdNk ird ;f rI terw*¾
Bu;D twGi;f rSm usiv f nfum aeMu&awmYonf? xdaYk Mumifh oknw-
[lí ac:ownf;/
aqmifyk'foHcdyf/ / ab;aygif;wpf&H? rqufqH? edAÁmefedrdwå/
ocFw"r®rnfonf Zmwd&SdaomaMumifh ½kefYaom t&dyf
edrdwf&Sd\? ½kefY&if;aom t&dyfedrdwf&SdaomaMumifh ab;taygif;ESifh
wpf&HrpJ tNrJqufqH\? rZÑwåab;ç A[dwå ab;wdkYxdyg;Edkif\?
udavomwdkY oHk;oyfEdkif\? Z&mç r&PrD;wdkYavmifEdkif\? edAÁmef
onfrlum; xdkuJhodkYr[kwf? tedrdwå"r®om-jzpf\? xdkab;wdkY
rxdyg;Edik /f
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 352
Oyrmum;- aumif;uifBuD;onfZmwdESifhjzpfay:aom
w&m;rsdK;r[kwfaomaMumifh vufeufab;wdkY rxdyg;Edkif? rpifp
aomtnpftaMu;wdkY rvdrfusHEdkif? rD;wdkYravmifEdkif? a[mif;EGrf;
aqG;ajrUonfr&S?d NyKd ysuu f ,
G q
f ;kH onfr&S?d terw*¾ oHo&mESit hf rQ
edpö wnf&Sd\?
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pd;k &drzf ,
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xdkYaMumifh edAÁmefudk tedrdwå qdkownf;/
aqmifyk'f oHcdyf/ /awmifhwylyef? rqufqH? edAÁmef yPd[dw/
awmifw h jcif;onf yPd[w d rnf\? ylyefro I ufoufwnf;?
'ku© trsm;uyGg;rsm;apwwf\? ocFw"r®rnfonf aumif;rGef
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d cf sKyNf ird ;f rI aysmufu,
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 353
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wnf;/
(þtrnf 3-yg;onfvnf; wpfckaomtjzpfNidrf;rIç Zmwf
odrf;rI\ trnfomwnf;/)
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tnHhqkH;\ Nidrf;csrf;rIonfyifvQif terw*¾ BuD;us,fvSav\?
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edAÁmefukd jyqkdcef; NyD;\
ààààà
15-0d y óem½I e nf ; jyqk d c ef ;
azPyd@LyrH ½lyH? a0'em ykyæKVLyrm/
r&Dpdulyrm onm? ocFg&m u'vlyrm/
rm,lyrOö 0dnmPH? a'odwm'dpöAE¨Kem /
(oH,kwfygVdawmf)
teuf/ / ½ly?H ½lyu©E¨mukd? aP yd@LyrH? a&jr§Kyfqdkif
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S thf rIEiS w
hf pl mG /
'|AÁm½Ityf\ / £wd?þodkY/ tm'dpöAE¨Kem? aerif;\tEG,fjzpf
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 354
awmfrlaom igbk&m;onf/ a'odw?H a[mawmfrltyf\/
½l y u© E ¨ m ½I e nf ;
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wo®m ½lyEÅd 0kpwö /d aue ½kyw Ü ?d oDaweyd ½kyw Ü ?d OaPSeyd ½kyw
Ü ?d
ZdCpäm,yd ½kyÜwd? ydygom,yd ½kyÜwd? !Ho ruo 0gwmwy
o&Doy oræaóeyd ½kyÜwd? ½kyÜwd ½kyÜwDwd acg bdu© wo®m½lyEÅd
0kpöwd/ /
teuf/ / bdua© 0? &[ef;wd/Yk udÍ?ö tb,fah Mumifv h Qi/f
½lyH? ½kyf[lí/ 0a'x? qdkMuukefrnfenf; /bdu©a0? &[ef;wdkY /
acg? pifppfvQif / ½kyÜwd? twnfrNrJ tenf;enf;vQif azmufvGJ
azmufjyef jzpfwwf\/ ½kyÜwd? cPcsif;vQif ,dk,Gif;,dkifa&GU
ajrUajrUaMurG &G&GaMuuGJ tenf;enf; azmufjyefwwf\/ £wd
wo®m? xdkYaMumifh/ ½lyEÅd? ½kyf[lí/ 0kpöwd? qdktyf\/
aue? tb,ftaMumif;aMumifh/ ½kyÜwd? azmufjyefwwf
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½kyÜwd? azmufjyefwwf\/ OaPSeyd? OPSawaZmESifhawGUjcif;
aMumifhvnf;/ ½kyÜwd? azmufjyefwwf\/ ZdCpämyd? qmavmifylyef
aom awaZmaESmifh,Sufjcif;aMumifhvnf;/ ½kyÜwd? azmufjyef
wwf\ /ydygom&yd? rGwfodyfylyefaom awaZm aESmifh,Sufjcif;
aMumifv h nf;/ ½kyw
Ü ?d azmufjyef wwf\/ !Ho oræaóeyd? jcifqyd f
awaZmESihf awGjY cif;aMumifv
h nf;/ ½kywÜ ?d azmufjyefwwf\/ ruo-
oræaóeyd? rSufqdyfawaZmESifh awGYjcif;aMumifhvnf;/ ½kyÜwd?
azmufjyefwwf\/ 0gw-oræaóeyd? avpdrf;rSmygaom oDwç
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 355
OPS-awaZmtpdrf;ESifhawGUjcif;aMumifhvnf;/ ½kyÜwd? azmufjyef
wwf\/ tmwy oræaóeyd? aeyl awaZmESifhawGUjcif;aMumifh
vnf;/ ½kyÜwd?azmufjyefwwf\/ o&Doy-oræaóeyd? a>rqdyf
uif;qdyf[laom oDwawaZm OPS awaZmESifhawGUjcif;aMumifh
vnf;/ ½kyÜwd? azmufjyefwwf\ /
bdu©a0? &[ef;wdkY/ acg? pifppfvQif/ ½kyÜwd?z½kdz&JazmufvJG
azmufjyefjzpfwwf\/ £wdwo®m= xdaYk Mumif/h ½lyEÅ?d ½ky[
f í
l / 0kpw
ö ?d
qdt
k yf\/
(u) a0g[m&ajrud k j yqd k c suf
þygVdawmfjrwfü ]]oDaweyd ½kyÜwd? OaPSeyd ½kyÜwd}}
t&udo k od m½krH Qjyqkt
d /hH
a&ç ajrç avç rD;- [laom"mwfBuD; 4yg;wkdYwGif ajr"mwf
onf avmua0g[m&ajrç tbd"r®mü a[mawmfrlaom y&rwf
ajr[lí 2-rsKd;&Sd\/ xkdwGif-
a0g[m&ajrqko d nfum;- y&rmPkjrLç tPkjrLç wZÆm&DjrLç
&xa&PkjrLç unpfpmç oef;Oç oef;zsçoef;rçESrf;çqefç rka,m-
wdrYk pS í r[myx0Dç jrifrh &dk af wmifponfwikd af tmif tpdik t
f cJ&aSd e
aom 0wåKrsKd;udk a0g[m&ajrqdkonf/
owå0g\oP²mefüvnf; qHyifç arG;nif;ç ajconf; vuf
onf;ç oGm;ç ta&xlta&yg;-tp&dSaom txnfoP²mefESifh
rsufpdjzifh jrifaumif;aom 0wåKrsKd;onf a0g[m&ajromwnf;/
a0g[m&ajr[lorQonf ajrtppfr[kwfao;? rkcsajr
r[kwfao;? vu©Pma&;okH;yg;\ oufqkdif&m r[kwfao;?
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 356
0dyóemÓPfrnfonf y&rw¬"r®ukd tm½kjH yKíjzpfjr?J xkad jrpkum;
y&rwf ajrtppfr[kw?f a0g[m&ynwfajrrsK;d omwnf;/ a0g[m&
ynwf qkdonfum;rkcspifppf trSef&dS&if; w&m;udk rxd? t[kwf&dS
&if;w&m;udk rxd {uef&Sd&if;oabmodkY rqdkuf? wu,f&Sd&if;
jzpfaom "mwf&if;odkY ra&muf? xkdYaMumifh 0dyóemÓPf\
t&mr[kw/f
(þum; a0g[m&ajrudk jyqkdcsufwnf;/)
(c) y&rwf a jrud k jyqd k c suf
y&rwfajrqkdonfum;- cufrmjcif;Bud,mtrlt&m ouf
oufomwnf;/
xdxk 0kd wåKukd qkyu
f ikd zf Ed yS f wD;acgufí prf;Mu&mü El;nHo h nf?
cufrmonf[-k vlwikd ;f yifoMd uuke\ f / xdo
k Ykd odMuuke&f mü ynwf
odç y&rwfod 2-rsKd;&Sd\/
1/ El;nhHaom0w¬Kü El;nHhrIud&d,mESifh xdk0w¬KwpfckvkH;udk
waygif;wnf;jyKí wpfcw k nf;jyKí odMuonfum; ynwfow d nf;?
y&rwfodr[kwf? pdwfodç onmodwnf;? ÓPfodr[kwf/
2/ xd0k w¬Kü El;nHrh u I &d , d moufoufukd oD;oefu Y u
G jf cm;í
odonfum; y&rwfodwnf;? ynwfod r[kwf? ÓPfodwnf;?
pdwfodç onmodr[kwf/
oD;oefYuGufjcm;í odrIqdkonfum; xdk0w¬Kü ajr"mwfrS
wpfyg; a&"mwfç rD;"mwfç av"mwfç tqif;"mwfç teHHY"mwfç
&o"mwfç MoZm"mwf-[lí "mwf 7-rsKd; &SdMuao;\? a&mí
ryg&atmif 0w¬KwpfckvkH;udk tukefjcHKí þ0w¬Konf El;nhH\-[k
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 357
qkdonf&Sdaomf xkd"mwf 7-rsKd;yg tukefEl;nhHjcif;[laom ajr"mwf
wpfckjyKí odrIç ajymrIjzpf\/
þ0w¬Konf þtPkjrLonfç þarG;nif;onf tp&Sd
onfjzifh txnfj'yfynwfoP²mefudk pdwüf xifjrifí odrçI ajymrI
jzpfonfhtwGuf ynwfodomjzpf\/ "mwf 7-yg;ukd t[kwf
xdonfvnf;r[kwf? prf;oyfvkdufaomtcgü um,0dnmOfonf
um; ajr"mwfoufouf udkom xd\/
y&rwfajr"mwfoufoufukd oD;oefYuGufjcm;í ,lao;\?
xkdtcg "mwf 7-yg;wkdY rygukefao;? ynwfvnf; r[kwfao;?
aemufvkduf raem0dnmOfwkdYonfum; um,0dnmOfodaom ajr
"mwfE;l nhrH I oufoufudk xk0d w¬Kj'yf ynwftxnf El;nhrH jI yKvyk í f
odMuukef\? um,0dnmOfodum; rjy|mef;Ekdif? raem0dnmOfod
wkoYd nfom jy|mef;íaeuke\ f ? raem0dnmOfod twkid ;f om vlwu Ydk
t[kwfrSwfxif todtjrifjyKí aeMuukef\/
Oyrm-- rD;&xm;pD;í oGm;Mu&mü v,fuGif;ç ,muGif;ç
opfyifç csKEH , G çf awmç awmif-wku Yd dk arQm½f MI u&mü pu©K0n d mOfonf
um; xkd0w¬KwkdY wnf½SdMuonfhtwkdif;om jrifay\? aemufvkduf
raem0dnmOfwYdk r[kwrf ,rf; qef;jym;ayGvrD t I wGuf csmcsmvnf0ikd ;f
ckefpkdif;ajy;oGm; tarSmuftrSm; xifjrifcsufjy|mef;vsuf &SdaeMu
ouJo h w Ydk nf;/
(pu©K'Gg&ü vlwkdif; 'd|rsufjrif Oyrmwnf;/)
r[kwfrSef;odvsufESifh raem0dnmOfwkdY jy|mef;vSonfh
twGufaMumifh csmcsmvnf0kdif; ckefpkdif; ajy;oGm; tarSmuftrSm;
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 358
xifjrifcsufBuD;ukd zsufodrf;íyif r&Muav/ &xm;rpD;rDu
od&if;jzpfMuíomvQif xkd0w¬KwkdYum; rajy;roGm;onftrSef?
&xm;onfom ajy;oGm;onf-[k ÓPfoday:EkdifMuao;\? "mwf
obm0 t&mwküYd um; terw*¾oo H &mrS wpfcgrS od½&dS if; r[kwf
MuaomaMumifh ÓPfod[lí ray:EkdifMuNyD/
(þum; El;nHhaom0w¬Kç El;nhHjcif;ud&d,m-[laom qwf
qwfaom y&rwfajr"mwfukd 0w¬Kj'yf wnf;[laomynwfrS
ÓPfjzifh toD;xkwfí oD;oefYuGufjcm;í odjrifykHwnf;/)
xkd0w¬KrSm El;nhHrIud&d,mukd y&rwfajr"mwf tppfqkd&m
üvnf; xkd0w¬KwpfckvHk;ü El;nHhrItm;vkH;ukd wpfckaom y&rwfajr
"mwf[k qko d nfr[kw?f tu,fí wpfcak om ajr"mwfjzpfcjhJ im;tH?h
tpdwt f pdwf cGjJ crf;pdwjf zmjcif;iSg rwwfaumif;onfom jzpf&m\?
wpfckaom y&rw¬w&m;rnfonf tykdif;tykdif;jzwfí
r&aumif;? tpdwftpdwf cGJír&aumif;? rsufjrifvufprf; awGU
atmif vIyf&Sm;í trlt&majymif;vJonf-[lí r&Sd? a&S;a&S;trI
a[mif; uG,faysmuf aemufaemuftrIopfwpfrsdK;wpfrsdK; jzpfay:
onfukd avmuüvIyo f nfç &Sm;onfç<uonfç xonfça&GU&Sm;onf-
[kac:a0:ajymqdkMuonf/ y&rw¬w&m;rnfonf ud&d,mtrl
t&m ouf oufrQjzpfí-
1/ a&S;a&S; trIa[mif; uG,faysmufrIqdkonfum; a&S;
y&rwf "mwfa[mif;wdkY csKyfysufaoqHk;rIaywnf;/
2/ aemufaemuftrIopfwpfrsKd ;wpfrsKd ; jzpfay:rIqo kd nf
um; y&rwf"mwfopfwdkY wpfrsdK;wpfrsdK; jzpfay:rIay
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 359
wnf;/
"mwfopfç "mwfa[mif;ç y&rwfopfç y&rwfa[mif; ajymif;
vJMu&mü tydkif;tjcm; tmumoonf&Sd\? rsufpdESifhum;rjrif&?
y&rwfu&d , d mobm0udk jrifwwfaomÓPfEiS o hf mvQif xdt
k ydik ;f
tjcm;udjk rifEikd \
f ? tydik ;f tjcm;qdo
k nfum; a&S;a&S;w&m;\ bifpeG ;f
ESihf aemufaemufw&m;\ Oyg'fpeG ;f tMum;wnf;? aumif;aumif;jrif
atmifMunfhMuukef&m\/
(El;nhHrIyx0Dajr"mwfppfcef;NyD;\/ cufrmrIyx0D
ajr"mwfrSmvnf; þenf;udkrDSí odav/)
(þum; y&rwfajrudk jyqdkcsufwnf;/)
(*)y&rwf a jr"mwf ü "mwf r suf v H k ; wnf a xmif y H k
tvG e f q H k ; aom cwf r mrI ç rmqwf a om
y&rwf u vmyf u d k jyqd k c suf
at;jrvSpGmaom oHvHk;oHcJudk tm;BuD;vSpGmaom &Sm;rD;
usD;pktwGif;üxnfhí zdkrsm;pGmqdkifí NydKiftm;wdkufxdk;í t&nf
usKd&mü oHwHk;oHcJü e*dkyuwd &Sdaeaom cufrmrI tjcif;t&m
trlt&monf OPSr;D yl tjyif;txef ESyd pf ufzpd ;D rIaMumifh a&S;a&S;
trlt&m ysufíysufí trlt&mopf wpfrsKd;wpfrsKd; jzpfay:
jzpfay:ít&nfMunfMunfjzpf&\? cufrmrI trlt&ma[mif;
tqifhqifhcsKyfysuf uG,fqHk;ykHçEk;nHhaom trlt&mopf tqifh
qifhjzpfaeykHudk jrifatmifMunfhav/
oHwHk;oHcJtwGif;tjyifwpfckvkH; ysufrIç jzpfrIç &G&G &G&G
aeyHuk jkd rifvrd rYf nf? a&jrK§ ycf EJ iS hf tESprf &Sjd cif; wlvyS u
kH kd jrifvrd rhf nf?
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 360
ÓPfütwHk;BuD;çtcJBuD;-[laomoP²mefj'Af ynwfBuD;ay:&Sd
ckcHydwfqD;í raeapESifh? twGif;ücufrmrIawG w&G&Gaeonfudk
ÓPfEiS phf ;l pdu
k x
f ;kd xGi;f í jrifatmifMunfah v? wpfzef xdo k &H nfu
a&at;oDwOwkESifhavmif;ít&nfMunfMunfrS yuwdcJNrJcJç
rmNrrJ mjyef&müvnf; El;nhaH om yx0DawG tqifq h ifh csKyuf ,G af o
qHk;í cufrmaomyx0DawGtqifhqifh jzpfay:vm&müvnf;
enf;wlot d yfuek &f m\/
cufrmrI-[laom y&rwfajr"mwfvu©Pmü trmBuD;
tqifhqifh trmEktqifhqifh &Sdjyef\? trmEkudk El;nhHrIqdkonf?
r[myx0DajrBu;D ç jrifrh &kd af wmifç pMum0Vawmifç owå&befawmif
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y&rwfajr"mwf trlt&m ud&, d mpkukd pl;pdu
k f xd;k xGi;f í MunfEh ikd f
ygrl a&jr§KyfcJBuD;awGESifh wlyHkxif&Sm;ay:vmvdrfhrnf/
(þum; terw*¾oHo&mü wpfcgrQ ray:aygufzl;ao;
aom "mwfrsupf çd "mwfrsuv f ;kH ç ay:aygufatmif tppGmxlaxmifykH
pepfwnf;/)
þrsufpdudk ygVdawmfü]]"r®pu©KH O'yg'd}}[lía[mawmf
rlonf? þrsupf ad ygufro S m ]bk&m;udk jrifEikd o f l rnfonf/ w&m;udk
jrifEdkifolrnfonf/omoemawmfudk awGY&olrnfonf/
a,m [d 0uúvd "r®Hyówd? aom rH yówd/
a,m "r®H e yówd ? aom rH eyówd- [lí a[m
awmfrlonf/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 361
teuf/ / 0uúvd? 0uúvd&[ef;/ a,m? tMuifolonf/
"r®H? or®Kwdynwf j'yfoP²mefwGif;rS ÓPfjzifh oD;oefYuGufjcm;í
xkwaf zmf½jI riftyfaom y&rw¬oabmud/k yówd? ÓPfrsupf jd zifh
jrifEkdif\/ aom? xdkolonf? rH? igbk&m;udk/ yówd? awGUjrif&
aomol rnf\/ 0uúvd? 0uúvd&[ef;/ a,m? tMuifolonf/ "r®?
or®Kwdynwf j'AfoP²mefwGif;rS ÓPfjzifh oD;oefYuGufjcm;í
xkwfazmf ½Ijriftyfaom y&rw¬oabmudk/ eyówd? ÓPf
rsufpdjzifh rjrifEkdif/ aom? xdkolonf/ rH? igbk&m;udk/ eyówd?
rawGU rjrif&aomol rnf\/
(þum; tvGefqdk;aom cufrmrI rmqufaom y&rwf
uvmyfudk jyqkdcsufwnf;/)
tvG e f E l ; nh H a om rk ' k y &ruf a jr"mwf u d k jyqd k c suf
,cktcgü tvGef El;nHHhodrfarGUaom y&rwf yx0Dudk
jyqdkaytH/
v0ef;oP²mefrSxGufí ajrtjyifodkYa&mufatmif ouf
qif;vGifhyg;a½GU½Sm;ajy;oef;í usa&mufvmaom va&mifwkdYü
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jrifMuojzifh xdk0w¬KwkdYü tvGefEl;nhhHpGmyg½Sdaom y&rwfajr"mwf
tjzpftysufukd jrifEkdif&m\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 362
(þum; tvGefodrfarGUaom yx0Dudk jyqkdcsufwnf;/
trmqk;H tekq;kH 2-csuuf dk jyqkv
d u
kd o
f jzifh tv,ftvufjzpfaom
yx0DwkdYukdrlum; odjrifEkdifMuukef&m\/)
0d u m&½k y Ü e tysuf u d k jyqk d c suf
owå0gwdkY\ oP²mefürlum; oDwç OPS? twufç touf?
cPrpJ½Sdae\? Owk 3-yg; tyGm;tqkwfç&wk 6-yg; tyGm;tqkwf
12-&moDac:aom"mwfrD; 12-yg; tyGm;tqkwfç vqef; vqkwf
we*FaEG weif;vm paom 7-yg;[kqt dk yfaom "mwfr;D 7-yg;wd\ Yk
tpOftwdkif; twufç tqkwfç aeYem&D nem&Dac:aom OPSç
oDw"mwfwdkY\ tZÑwåoEÅmefrSmvnf; ½G½G½G½G cPrpJ jrpfa&
tvsOu f ohJ Ykd tpOfxm0& twuftouf ½kyu f &d ,
d m ½kyt
f rlt&m
awG a½GUa½GU a½GUa½GU ajymif;vJí aeMuykuH v
dk nf; jrifatmif½&I m\/
þ&d,mykxfBuD; 4-yg; cyfodrf;aomudk,ft*Fg vIyf&Sm;rIü
vnf;aumif;ç tn&["mwfrD;-tm&["mwfqDwdkY\twuf
tqkwfwdkYüvnf;aumif; xdkYtwljrifatmif&I&m\? rdrdoP²mefrSm
wpfcak om t*Fgü xifjrifatmifxal xmifwpfu,kd v
f ;kH "mwfrsuv
f ;kH
aygufatmifpGJNrJMuav? rdrdooP²mefwpfckü "mwfrsuf vHk;vSvS
aygufvQif cyfodrf;aomowå0gwdkY\ oP²mefüvnf;aumif;ç
opfyif awmawmif paom A[d'¨ oP²mefwüYkd vnf;aumif; "mwf
rsufvHk; aygufawmhonf/
cyfodrf;aom ½kyf[lorQonf yx0DürSDwG,fí jzpfMu&
ukef\? cyfodrf;aom yOöa0g[m& emrfcE¨m[lorQonf ½kyfü
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 363
rSDwG,fíjzpfMu&\? yx0D\jzpfrI ysufrI O',AÁ,-tcsufudk
xifjrifEdkifygvQif <uif;aom ½kyfemrfwdkY\ jzpfrI ysufrI O,AÁ,
tcsufudkvnf; xifjrifjcif;iSgvG,fvS\/
(þum; 0dyum&½kyÜetysufudk jyqdkcsufwnf;/)
y&rwfajr"mwfü "mwfrsufvHk;wnfaxmifyHk NyD;\/
Ä Ä Ä
16-rZÑd r yk * ¾ d K vf w d k Y &I e nf ; ud k j yqd k c ef ;
(u) y&rwf E S p f ajrtppf
y&rwfESpf ajrtppfqdkonfum; cufrmaom trlt&m
tjcif;t&mud&d,mrQomwnf;? tPkjrLudk tpdwfwpfodrf;pdwfí
wpfpdwfpmrQ tcJtusdwf tqeftrm txnfj'Af[lír&Sd/
tvGeMf unfvifvpS mG aomjrpfa& acsmif;a&ç pdraYf & prf;a&wdüYk vnf;
aumif;? aea&mifç va&mifç Mu,fa&mifç rD;a&mifç ywåjrm;a&mifwüYkd
vnf;aumif;/ tenf;ta0; ysHUESHUí oGm;aom acgif;avmif;oHç
ukvm;wufoHç wHk;oHç wkdifoHçaMu;pnfoHçpnfoHçAkHoHçqdkif;oHç
atmfoçH [pfo-H ponfwüYkd vnf;aumif;? avjynfavnif; avjyif;
rkefwdkif;wdkYüvnf;aumif;? ta0;teD; ysHUESHYvGifYyg;íoGm;aom
tarT;eYH tykyef w
YH üYkd vnf;aumif; xdyk &rwf ajr"mwfonf tjynfY
yg½d\
S /
usrf ; *ef ,k w å d u m;
1/ "mwfBuD; 4-yg;wkdY\ wpfyg;ESifhwpfyg; tcsif;csif;
t0dedaAÇm*0kwdå jzpfMuonfudk axmufívnf;aumif;ç
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 364
2/ {uHr[mblwH y#dpö wa,m r[mblwm? wa,m
r[mblawy#dpö {uHr[mblwH? a'G r[mblaw y#dpö a'G
r[mblwm/
{uHr[mblwH? 1-yg; 1-yg;aom r[mbkwfudk/ y#dpö? pGJíç
rSDwG,fí/ wa,m r[mblwm? 3-yg; 3-yg;aom y0wåEÅd? jzpfMu&
uke/f wa,m r[mblaw? 3-yg; 3-yg;aom r[mbkww f u
Ykd /kd y#dp?ö
pJGíçrSDwG,fí/ {uH r[mblwH 1-yg; 1-yg;aom r[mbkwfonf/
y0wåwd?jzpf&\/ a'G r[mblaw? 2-yg; 2-yg;çaom r[mbkwf
wdkYudk/ y#dpö? pGJíçrSDwG,fí/ a'G r[mblwm? 2-yg; 2-yg;aom
r[mbkwfwdkYonf/ y0wåEÅd? jzpfMuukef\ç [lí y|mef;ygVdawmjf
rwfü a[mawmfrlonfukd axmufívnf;aumif;-
3/ yx0D? ajr"mwfonf/ orÜ#pd eä &om? a&"mwfçf av"mwfç
rD;"mwfwdkYudk cHjcif;udpö½Sd\[lí t|uxmuwdkYü rdefYqdkonfESifY
tnDtrmcHjzpfaom ajr"mwftcHr½SdvQif a&"mwfvnf;r½SdEdkif?
rD;"mwfvnf; r½SEd ikd ?f av"mwfvnf;r½SEd ikd af om oabmudk axmuf
ívnf;aumif; qdkcJYjyD;aom a&ponfwdkYü ajr"mwftjynfh yg½dS
aMumif;udk qdktyfownf;/
(þum; usrf;*ef,kwådwnf;/)
-------------
vu© P ,k w d å u m;
wpfvHk;wpfcJwnf; jzpfMuaom a&wdkYüvnf;aumif;ç
avwdkYüvnf;aumif; txuf txuf aeaom a&ç av-wdkYudk
atmufatmufaeaom a&ç avwdu Yk tqift
Y qifcY ck í
H aerIonf
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 365
xif&Sm;\? xdkckcHrIonf tmaygrIvnf; r[kwf? uyfwG,fzGJUpnf;
rIonfom tmaygaywnf;? xdkckcHrIonf awaZmrIvnf;r[kwf?
ylrçI at;rIonfom awaZmaywnf;? xdck ck rH o I nf yx0DrçI 0ga,mrI
2-csufESifY qdkif\? xdkckcHrIü cufrmMurf;wrf;rIwpfckç axmufuef
awmifw h if;rIwpfc?k þ 2-ckzufpyfrS ckcrH jI zpfEikd o
f nf? xdk 2-rIww
Ykd iG f
cufrmMurf;wrf;rIudkyif y&rwfajrqdkonf? axmufuef awmifh
wif;rIudkyif y&rwfav qdkonf/
xdk2-rIwdkYwGif axmufuefawmifYwif;rI--[laom av
"mwfonf cufrmMurf;wrf;rI[al om ajr"mwfurkd &DS onf? ajr"mwf
udvk w T í f rdrt d vdak vsmuf jzpfEikd o
f nfr[kw?f cufrmMurf;wrf;rIEiS hf
axmufuef awmifhwif;rIudk jcm;em;atmifMunfhav? þodkYvQif
xdkqdktyfcJhjyD;aom a&ç av-wdkYü cufrmMurf;wrf;rI[laom
y&rwfajrxif½Sm;½dSaMumif;udk xdka&ç av-wdkYü a&tm;avsmfpGmç
avtm;avsmpf mG uu©Vvu©Pm ½do S nfukd jrifí odtyfownf;/
qdktyfcJhjyD;aom aea&mifponfç acgif;avmif;oHponfç
tarT;teYH ponfwdkYüom xdktm;avsmfpGm cufrmMurf;wrf;rI
toD ; toD ; yg½S d j im;aomf v nf ; tvG e f w &mtm;enf ; vS a om
trIjzpfacsí vu©P,kwådESifh rjyomacs/ usrf;*ef,kwådESifhom
jyomacsonf? þMunfvSpGmaom avç va&mifç toHç teHY-
wdu Yk kd jyqdv
k u kd of nfrmS uu©Vud&, d m cufrmMurf;wrf;rI [laom
trlt&m oufoufonfomvQif y&rwfajrtppf rnfonf?
tPkjrLudk tpdww f pfoed ;f pdwaf omfvnf; wpfpw d pf mrQ tqeftrm
txnf0w¬K r½SdaMumif;udk xif½Sm;apjcif;iSm jyqdkvdkufonf?
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 366
txnf0w¬K [lír½Sd? cufrmaom trlt&moufoufrQom jzpf
aom xdkajr"mwfonfvnf; vGefuJaom cufrmrIudk axmufí
EkHYaom cufrmrIwdkY El;nhHonf [kqdk&onf/
xdkYaMumifh 0Zd&pdefausmufoGm;ü ½Sdaom cufrmrIudk tvGef
qkH;xm;í vç a&mifuvmyfü ½Sdaom cufrmrIudk tEkHYqkH;xm;í
pyfMum;ü cufrmrI tqifhqifhç El;nhHrI tqifhqifh jzpfíaeaom
xdkajr"mwf\ oabmoGm;udk od&rnf? þajr"mwfü cufrmjcif;
vu©Pmqdkonfudk y&rwfoabmESifhMunfh&rnf/ yuwdvlwdkY\
trSwo f nmESihf rMunf&h / yuwdvw l \Ykd trSwo f nmESihf Munfch hJ
aomf va&mif ponfwüYkd cufrmaomtrIukd rawGUEkid ½f v Sd rd rhf nf/
xdkcufrmaom tjcif;t&m ud&d,m oabmoufoufrQomjzpf
aom y&rwfajr"mwfonf tmayg [laom y&rwfap; zGJUpnf;rI
aMumifh ajr"mwfaygif; uka# odef;aomif; aygif;zGUJ rdonf½dSaomf
tEkjrLwpfck[laom 0w¬Ktxnfj'Af jzpf\? tEkjrLaygif; uka#
odef;aygif; aygifzGJUrdonf½Sdaomf oef;ç Murf;ydk;jzpf\/
xdkrS tqifhqifhyGg;í owå0gwGif ,lZem 4-axmif 8-&m
½dSaom tol&defewfBuD;wdkifatmif? A[d'¨oP²mefwGif ,lZem 8-
aomif; 4-axmif 2-jyefaqmifaom jrifhrdk&fawmifBuD;ç 2-odef;
4-aomif; 4-axmif 2-jyefaqmifaom jrifhrdk&fawmifBuD;ç 2-odef;
4-aomif; txk½adS om r[myx0D ajrBu;D wdik af tmif odav? oef;
tp½dSaomç tEkjrLtp½dSaom ouf½SdoufrJh ½kyfpk ½kyfcJ[lorQwdkYü
cufrmjcif; [laom þajr"mwfonf txnfcçH trmcHjzpfownf;?
þajr"mwfrw S pfyg; txnf0w¬K &aumif;aom"mwf r½S?d a&"mwfç
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 367
rD;"mwfwdkYonfvnf; ajr"mwfü wG,fMurSDMu&ukefonf/
þodkY ajr"mwf\udpö BuD;us,f[efudk od&rnf? jrifhrdk&f
awmifBuD; wpfckvkH;üvnf;aumif;? r[myx0DajrBuD;wpfckvkH;ü
vnf;aumif;? y&rwfajr"mwfoufoufudk MunfYvdkonf½Sdaomf
tEkjrLrQ txnfj'Afr½S?d cufrmaom tjcif;t&m ud&, d moabm
oufoufudk uGufjcm;í od&onf? tEkjrLrQ txnfj'yfr½SdbJ
rSefxJüxifaom t&dyfBuD;uJhodkYç a&xJü xifaomt&dyfBuD;uJhodkY
jrif&vdrrhf nf? tEkjrLrQavmuf t½Snt f wdk tBu;D ti,f tcJtrm
xifívmvQif y&rwfajr"mwf tppfr[kwfjyD? oP²meynwfj'Af
txnfEiS hf a&mcJv h Qif jzpfryI surf u
I kd ½Iaomtcg rxifEikd bf J aewwf
onf/
(þ"mwfur¨|mef;ü ½SiftmeE´mudk t½SifykPÖrax&f qkH;r
aomtcg rSef&dyfOyrmESifh qkH;ronf? þrSef&dyfOyrmESifhyif ½Sif
tmeE´m aomwmyefjzpfavonf/)
jrifhrdk&fawmifç r[myx0D ajrBuD;wdkYudk tukefjcKHí Munfh
aomtcgüyif tcJtusdwf txnf0w¬K tEkjrLrQ ra&mr,SufbJ
y&rwftppftrSejf zpfaom cufrmrI[al om ajr"mwfoufoufukd
xifjrifatmif ½IEikd af omoltm; xdak tmufi,faom ouf½o Sd ufrhJ
wdüYk y&rwfppfjzpfaom ajr"mwfukd xifjrifatmif½rI I tvGev f ,
G f
vSawmhonf/
rSefüxifaom t&dyfç a&üxifaomt&dyfç opfyif&dyfç
awmif&dyfawm&dyf tp½Sdaom t&dyfwdkYonf jrif;rdk&fawmifrQyif
BuD;rm;pGmxifjrif&jim;aomfvnf; tEkjrLrQ txnfj'Af r½Sdonfh
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 368
twGufaMumifh aysmufcGifhysufcGifhqdkufcJhvQif rsufawmifwpfcwf
vQyfwpfjyuftwGif;rSmyif tBudrfwpf&mru aysmufEkdif ysufEdkif
ouJhodkY xdkYtwl xdkjrifhrdk&fawmifESifhtrQ ysHUESHYBuD;us,fíaeaom
xdky&rwf ajr"mwfonfvnf; wpfckwnf;aom y&rwfqefç
y&rwfcJ[lí tEkjrLrQ r½SdonfhtwGuf rsufaqmifwpfcwf vQyf
wpfjyuftwGif;rSmyif tBudrfwpf&mru aysmufysufuG,fyEdkif&m
aom t&dyfedrdwf xifjrifEdkifvdrfhrnf/
rdrdudk,fü xdky&rwfppfjzpfaom ajr"mwfudk tvif;ayguf
atmif Munf½h aI omtcg ÓPfiEHk ikd af vmuf½çHk ÓPf0g;Edik af vmuf½Hk
ydik ;f í ydik ;f íMunf?h OD;acgif;udk ydik ;f íMunfah omtcg twGi;f tjyif
rjcm;rem; xkwfcsif;aygufatmifMunfh? ajr"mwfr[kwfaom
aqif;"mwf ckcHí aewwfonf? oP²me ynufj'Af txnfBuD;
vnf;ckcí H aewwfonf? ÓPfukd MuyfMuyfvyI í f ay;av? ajcz0g;
wdkifatmifavmuf tzdkYtpkudkvnf; ÓPfedkif½kHEdkif½kH ydkif;Munfh
wpfudk,fvkH;pyfrdaomtcg ÓPfudkOD;xdyfu aeí ½G,fvdkufvQif
ajcz0g;wdkifatmif xkwfcsif;ayguf xGif;íoGm;vdrfhrnf/
rdrud ,
kd cf E¨mwpfcük "mwfayguf atmifjrifcv hJ Qif pMu0Vm
teEÅç urÇmteEÅü &SdorQaom owå0gcE¨mpk tukefvHk;onf
"mwfjzifNh y;D awmhonf? þy&rwf ajr"mwfwpfck aygufíoGm;vQif
<uif;aom a&"mwfç rD;"mwfç av"mwfç pu©K-aomw-paom
tZÑwu åd "mwfç ½ly-o'´-paom Am[d& "mwfp½k eI nf;ç azmufenf;
tvGefvG,fíukefawmhonf/
yx0D[laom ajr"mwfukd
"mwfaygufatmif½Ienf; t>rufNyD;\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 369
(c) y&rwf E S p f a&tppf
y&rwfEpS f a&tppfum; wG,rf çI uyfrçI zGUJ pnf;rIonf omvQif
y&rwfEpS f a&"mwftppfwnf;? xdw k ,
G rf çI uyfrçI zGUpJ nf;rI- [laom
y&rwfa&"mwfonf xufoefjcif;odYk a&mufonf½adS omf pdpk w G jf cif;ç
,dkpD;jcif;- [laom y*¢&P a&"mwf jzpfav\? xdkwG,frIç uyfrIç
zGpYJ nf;rI-[laom tmAE¨eud&, d m oufoufrQom jzpfaom y&rwf
a&tppfonfvnf; tPkjrLudk tpdwfwpfodef; pdwfaomf vnf;
wpfpdwfpmrQ tcJtusdwf tqeftrm txnfj'Af-[lír½Sd?
wG,fuyfzGJUpnf;jcif;ud&d,m trlt&m oufoufrQomwnf;/
xdkwG,fuyf zGJUpnf;rI-[laom y&rwf a&"mwfonf ajr
"mwfç rD;"mwfç av"mwf 3-yg;wdkYudk wpfckwnf;ç wpfom;wnf;
uJhodkYaeatmif zGJUaESmifpnf;Muyfay;onfjzpfí uvmyfwl r[m
bkwfwdkYonf wpfyg;onf wpfyg;tm; aus;Zl;jyKcGifh&Muukefonf?
wpfyg;udkwpfyg; axmufyHcGifh &Muukefonf? zGJUaESmifpnf;Muyf
csKyfxdef;íaeaom a&"mwf csKyfuG,f aysmufysufcJhonf½Sdaomf
xdk"mwfBuD; 3-yg;wdkYonf tpnf;ajyysufí cPcsif; aysmufajy
uG,fqkH;Muavukef\/
(þum; uvmyfwpfckwnf;ü a&"mwf\
aus;Zl;udkqdkaom pum;&yfwnf;/)
y&rwf E S p f a&"mwf p pf \ aus;Zl ; BuD ; rm;yk H
avmuü y&rmPkjrLrSpí owå0gü tol&defewfBuD;[k
qdktyfaom ½kyfvkH; ½kyfcJBuD;wdkifatmif? A[d'¨ü jrifhrdk&fawmifBuD;ç
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 370
r[myx0D ajrBu;D wdik af tmif oP²mefBu;D i,f txnfj'AftaeESihf
½kyfw&m;wkd tusdwftcJ twkH;tcJjzpfí aeMurIonfvnf; þ
a&"mwf\ aus;Zl;yifwnf;? þa&"mwfrSwpfyg; tusdwftcJ
jzpfatmif zGJUpnf;aom"mwf-[lí r½SdNyD/
1/ 8-aomif; 4-axmif 2-jyefaqmifaom jrifrh &dk af wmif
Bu;D ü½Sad om zGUJ pnf;rIonf ,ck cPcsi;f ysuq f ;Hk cJo
h nf
jzpfthH? xdkjrifhrdk&fawmifBuD;onf ,ckcPcsif; uG,f
aysmuf&m\/
2/ 8-aomif; 2-axmif 2-jyefaqmifaom pMu0Vm
awmifBuD;ü½Sdaom zGJUpnf;rIonf ,ck cPcsif;
ysufqk;HcJhonfjzpfthH? xdkpMu0VmawmifBuD;onf
,ckcPcsif; uG,faysmuf&m\/
3/ r[myx0D ajrBu;D ü½Sad om zGUJ pnf;rIonf ,ckcPcsi;f
ysuq f ;k cH o
hJ nfjzpft?Hh þr[myx0D ajrBu;D onf ,ck
csi;f uG,af ysmufí aumif;uiftxdomjzpfav&m\/
tb,faMumifeh nf; [lru l m;-zGUJ pnf;rI-[laom csKyx f ed ;f rI
r½SdcJhonf½Sdaomf jrifhrdk&fawmifç pMum0Vmawmifç odvmyx0D
jzpfíaeaom wpfcJeufaom y&rwfajrçy&rwfrD;ç y&rwfav
wdkYonf wpfyg;udkwpfyg;axmufcH rSDwG,frIrI tpnf;½kH; cPcsif;
uif;vGwfMuavukef\? edAÁmefrS wpfyg;aom ocFw vu©Pm
½Sdaom y&rw¬"r¨wdkYrnfonf axmufcHrIç rSDwG,frIuif;í rsuf
awmifwpfcwf vQyfwpfjyufrQ touf½Snfí wnfaeEdkifaom
t&mrnfonf r½Sdavukef/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 371
jrif h r d k & f a wmif B uD ; ç pMum0Vmawmif B uD ; ç r[myx0D
ajrBu;D wdüYk y&rwf a&"mwfoufoufukd uGujf cm;í Munfv Y o kd nf
½Sad omf cufrmrI-[laom ajr"mwfEiS Yf ra&maprlí zGUJ pnf;-[laom
a&"mwf oufoufudk uGufjcm;í Munfh&onf? tqif;oP²mef
txnfj'Afpkvnf; ckcHíaewwfonf? Munfh½Iaom "r®00w¬m
ÓPfü tqif;oP²mef txnfj'yfpk ckcí H aecJv
h Qif aemufü jzpfrI
ysufrIudk ½Iaomtcg rxifEdkifbJ aewwfonf? y&rwftppfudk
tjrifpifMu,fvSygrS tedpötppfç 'ku©tppfç tewåtppfudk jrif
Edik o
f nf/
ajr"mwfü qdkcJhNyD;aomtwdkif; þa&"mwfüvnf; zGJUpnf;rI
ouf o uf [ k q d k t yf a om a&"mwf t jrif pif M u,f a omtcg
jrifhrdk&fawmifç r[myx0DajrBuD;wpfckvHk;ü tusdwftcJ tqef
trm ½SdonftwGuf rSefxJ a&xJrSm jrif&aom rdk;&dyfç wdrf&dyfç
ae0ef; v0ef;t&dyfç opfyif&dyfwdkYuJhodkY zGJUpnf;rI[laom tmayg
vu©PmBu;D xifjrifvrd rhf nf? jrifrh &kd af wmifç r[myx0DajrBu;D wdüYk
xifjrifaomtcg vlç ewfç jA[®m owå0gcyfodrf;wdkYü xifrIç jrifrI
tvGefvG,fvSawmhonf/
owå0goP²mefrSm xifjrifrIom vdk&if;jzpfonfç jrifhrdk&fç
r[myx0DajrBuD;wdkYu pcsDíjyvdkufonfrSm owå0goP²mefü
xifvG,f jrifvG,fatmif pí csDvdkufonf? rdrdoP²mefü OD;acgif;
ajcz0g; xkwcf si;f atmif xifvif;jy;D rS olwpfyg;oP²mefpu k vkd nf;
xdkYtwl xkwfcsif;aygufatmif ½Iav/
tmayg[laoma&"mwfudk
"mwfaygufatmif½Ienf;t>rufjyD;\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 372
(*) y&rwf E S p f rD ; tppf
ylrIç at;rI [laom trla&m ud&d,mrI oufoufonf
y&rwfESpfrD;"mwfppfrnf\? ylrI at;rI[lonfvnf; uvmyfwl
r[mbkwf 3-yg;wdu Yk kd &ifrh moefprG ;f atmif aygif;aEG;rI[al ywnf;?
tylprG ;f ç tat;pGr;f ç 2-yg;pko H nfyifvQif uvmyfwl r[mbkww f uYkd kd
&ifrh matmifç xufoefatmifç toD;oD; tpGr;f owåEd iS hf jynfph aHk tmif
aygif;aET;rI ½Sdonfcsnf; jzpfonf/
trd0rf;rS Oí jrKHüwnf½Sdaom MuufOwdkYonf trdjzpfol
Muufru rjywf0yfí taiGUay;rS tpOftwdkif; &ifhrmoefpGrf;í
Muufoil ,ftjzpfoaYkd &mufojzifh aygufzmG ;Edik o f nf/ trdMuufru
r0yfbJ? taiGUray;bJaecJhonf½Sdaomf Muufoli,ftjzpfodkY
ra&mufEikd Nf y?D trd0rf;wGi;f u xkcH ahJ om taiGUtukew f iG f ykyjf cif;odYk
a&mufavawmhonf/
þtwl awaZm[laom rD;"mwfonf trdMuufrESifh
wlonf? twlwuGjzpfaom ajr"mwfç a&"mwfç av"mwf? þ
"mwfBuD; 3-yg;wdkYonf MuufOESpfwdkYESifh wlMuukefonf/ rD;"mwf
ESifhtwlwGJzuf&rS ajr"mwf[laom cufrmrIonf atmifjrifpGm
jzpfEdkifonf/ a&"mwf[laom zGJUpnf;rIonfvnf; atmifjrifpGm
jzpfEikd o
f nf/ av"mwf[al om t0Set f 0grIonfvnf; atmifjrifpmG
jzpfEdkifonf/ rD;"mwfESifhuif;í atmifjrifpGm rjzpfEdkifukef/ r[m
ork'´&ma&ç oD'ga&ç urÇmudkcHaom a&wdkYonfvnf; oDw
"mwfrD;\ tpD;tyGm;wdkYomwnf;? oDw"mwfrD;\ tkyfpdk;csufESifh
qufvufjzpfyGg;um aeMu&ukefonf? jrifhrdk&fawmifç pMu0Vm
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 373
awmifç odvmyx0DajrBu;D wdo Yk nfvnf; oDw"mwfr;D \ tpD;tyGm;
wdkYomwnf;? wpfyg;aom"mwfwdkYESifh ra&maESmapbJ rD;"mwf
oufoufudk ½Iaomtcg at;aom0w¬KwdkYü at;rIoufouf
udk½I&rnf? ylaom 0w¬Kü ylrIoufoufudk½I&rnf? tqif;oP²mef
txnfj'yf ynwfESifha&mí raeapESifh/
ylrI at;rI[laom þy&rwfrD;"mwf\ tPkjrLrQr&dS
onf\tjzpfaMumifh þrD;"mwfukd tjrif pifMu,faomtcgvnf;
a&MunfçrSMunfponfwüYkd ae0ef; v0ef;t&dyçf wdr&f yd çf rd;k &dyw f u Ykd o
hJ Ykd
ÓPftjrifrSmom BuD;us,fí txnfj'Afr&SdaMumif; xif&Sm;
vdrrhf nf? rdru
d ,
kd u
f ½kd aI omtcg ÓPfEikd ½f kH ydik ;f íydik ;f í½I? rdru
d ,kd rf mS
tvif;xifjrifvQif owå0gteEÅrSmyif xifawmhonf/
awaZm[laom-rD;"mwfudk "mwfaygufatmif
½Ienf;t>ruf NyD;\/
-------
(C) y&rwf E S p f avtppf
rD;awmuf rD;cdk;\twGif;ürD;"mwf\tmEkabmaMumifh
rD;"mwfuykd if tpOfjzpfymG ;í oGm;Edik af tmif vIaHY qmfcsyD ifrh I [laom
0ga,m"mwfonfyg&Sd\? xdk0ga,m"mwftwGufaMumifh rD;\
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\jyefYyGm;jcif;ç rD;awmuf\ wvlvljyefYyGm;jcif; tcdk;xGufjcif;ç
tqifhqifhrD;ul;jcif; tp&SdaomrD;"mwf\ jyefYyGm;pDum;rIwdkYonf
xif&mS ;jzpfuek \ f odYk xdt
Yk wl 0ga,mrnfaom þav"mwfonfyrl çI
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 374
at;rI[laom rD;"mwft&Sdeft0Sefaywnf;/
rD;pm&Sd&mü tenf;i,f csxm;aomrD;onf xdk&Sdeft0Sef
aMumifh rD;pm&So d rQ tukeyf mG ;Edik o
f nf/ rD;ü twGi;f t&Sed t f 0Sen
f í
hH
ryGm;wJEh ikd çf rawmufwEhJ ikd &f v
dS Qif ,yfEiS ,hf yfíajymif;rIwí f tyu
t&Sdeft0Sef ul&ao;onf? ylrI&SdvQif yl&Sdef yl[kef&SdNrJ? at;rI&SdvQif
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ylrIç at;rIum; y&rwfrD;"mwfwnf;? t&Sdeft0Sefum; y&rwf
av"mwfwnf;? xdkt&Sdef0Sef[laom av"mwfonf uvmyfwl
jzpfaomajr"mwfça&"mwfç rD;"mwfwdkY\ tm;cGefAvvnf;rnf\?
xdtk &Sed yf mG ;&m uvmyfwl r[mbkwf ½kyu f vmyfwo Ykd nf jzpfay:í
vdkuf&ukef\? xdkt[keft0Sefonf tvGefxufoefonf&Sdaomf
avjyif;rkefwdkif; jzpfav\? xdkt0Seft[kefonf avarGY&mç av
acgif;tkH; ponfwdkYüuJhodkY axmifhuef awmifhwif;rIç csDyifhxrf;
aqmifrI 0dw¬rÇevu©Pm[k usrf;*efüqdkayonf? jrifhrdk&fawmifç
pMu0Vmawmifç odvmyx0D ponfwdkYü&Sdaom oDw"mwfrD;onf
xdkt[keft0Sef[laom av"mwf\ tpGrf;jzifh cPwdkif;cPwdkif;
yGm;rsm;í urÇmysufonfhwdkifatmif½kyfuvmyf tqufqufwdkYudk
yGm;rsm;apEdkifonf/ jrifatmifMunfh/
[',0w¬Küjzpfay:aom wpfcck ak ompdwaf Mumifh cPcsi;f
cPcsif;wpfudk,fvHk; pdwåZ½kyfuvmyf ysHUESHYjzpfyGm;rIç OwkZ½kyf
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owå0gwdkY\ tpOftwdkif; wdk;yGm;pnfum;rIç tnGefYtan§mifh
aygufa&mufonfrSpí opfyifcsKHjrufwdkY tpOftwdkif; wdk;yGm;
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 375
pnfum;rIwdkYonfvnf; 0ga,mvIHYaqmfrIESihf jzpfMuukefonf
omwnf;/
jrifhrdk&fawmifç pMum0Vmawmif r[myx0D ajrBuD;rSpí
ouf&SdoufrJh tvHk;pHkwdkYudk &G&G&G&G xifatmifMunfav/ rdrd
udk,frSpí tukefvHk;ESHYatmifMunfh? OD;xdyfrSpí ajcz0g;wdkif
tvif;aygufatmifMunfh? þ0ga,m"mwfudkvnf; qdkcJhNyD;aom
"mwfenf;wl tqeftrm[lí tPkjrLrQ r&Sdonfh twGufaMumifh
a&xJ rSefxJüxifaom t½dkyfponfuJhodkY xifjrifvdrfhrnf? rsufpd
wGifjrifaeMujzpfaom tqif;oP²meftxnfj'yf ynwfBuD;ckcHí
aewwfonf? twkr&Sad om xdyk nwfukd ÓPfjzifh rIwí f ypfav/
0ga,m[laom av"mwfudk "mwfaygufatmif
½Ienf; t>rufNyD;\/
---------
(i) avmuk w å & m t&d , 0d Z Æ m xG u f & yf v rf ;
1/ cufrmrIç
2/ zGJUpnf;rIç
3/ aygif;aEG;rIç
4/ t&deft[kefrIç
þ 4-ckaom tjcif;t&m trlt&m ud&d,mBuD;wdkYonf
oabmvP©Pmtm;jzifh toD;toD; xif&mS ;&Sd Muuke\ f wnf&m
Xmetm;jzifh cufrmrIukd yxrOD;wnf r-wnfjyKí wpfcwk nf;uJo
h Ykd
wnfMuukef\? jzpftwlç ysuftwlç wnftwlwdkYomwnf;/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 376
1/ cufrmrI[al om ajr"mwfysuq f ;kH vQif wnf&mr&So d nf
jzpfí <uif;aom"mwf 3-yg;vnf; ysufqHk;&awmhonf/
2/ xdkYtwlzGJUpnf;rI[laoma&"mwfysufqHk;vQifvnf; tzGJU
tpnf;ysuq f ;kH ojzifw h pfyg;ESiw hf pfyg; axmufyrhH u I if;Muí tukef
vHk;ysufqHk;Muawmhonf/
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vnf; <uif;aom"mwfo;kH yg;wdo Yk nf rdrw d o Ykd abm twdik ;f jynfph pkH mG
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<uif;aom"mwfwdkYonf tm;jywfí ysufqHk;Muukefawmhonf/
rdk;[laom ylrIat;rIonf vIHUaqmfwvlvl aqmif&Gufjcif;
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cPcsif;uG,fqHk;av\? xdkYtwl cufrmrI[laom ajr"mwfonf
vnf; cufrmjcif; ud&d,mudkBuHh,Hh wif;&if;atif csDyifhaom
av"mwfr&SdvQif tm;jywfí uG,fqHk;av\? zGJUpnf;jcif;[laom
a&"mwfonfvnf;zGJUwG,fjcif; ud&d,mudk BuHh,hHwif;&if;atmif
csDyifhaomav "mwfr&SdvQif tm;jywfí uG,fqHk;av\/
(þum; tjcif;t&mBuD; 4-yg;wdkY\ tcsif;csif; rSDwG,f
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wnf;/)
xdk"mwfBuD; 4-yg;wdkY\ ouf&SdoufrJhoP²mef 2-yg;wdkYü
jzpfyq kH ef;Mu,fro I nfvnf; tpdaEÅ,s t&mjzpfí rBut H yfrBu&H m
BuD;us,fvSpGm\? xdk"mwf 4-yg;wdkY\wefcdk;£'¨dyg'fonfvnf;
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 377
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4-yg;udk bk&m;\enf;vrf;ESifh txiftjrif xdk;xGif;í xajrmuf
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vrf;ayguf\? xdk"mwfBuD;4-yg;wdkYü tcsKyftjcm OD;pD;OD;udkifum;
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pyfaom ouf&SdoufrJh tvHk;pHkonf awaZm\ tpD;tyGg;csnf;
wnf;? "mwfrD;\ tpD;tyGg;csnf;wnf;/
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vH;k tjrif pifMu,fpmG aygufaomtcgürlum; rdrd ½lyum, ud, k cf E¨mç
olwpfyg;wd\ Yk ½lyum, ud, k cf E¨mç A[d'o
¨ P²mef½yk cf E¨mudk jzpfrçI
ysufrIawG w&G&G aeonfudk jrifMuukef vwHåU? ½kyfwHk;½kyfcJ [lorQ
onf tESpfom&r&Sdaom a&jr§KyfcJawGESifh wlvSpGm\[k >rufqdkMu
&vwåHU? xdkYaMumifh]]azPyd@LyrH ½lyH}}[lía[mawmfrlayonf
wum;[k jrwfpGmbk&m;udkvnf; awGUjrifMu &vwåHU/
rZÑdryk*¾dKvfwdkY ½Ienf;udk jyqdkcef; NyD;\/
------------
17-wd u © y k * ¾ d K vf w d k Y ½I e nf ; ud k j yqd k c ef ;
(u) tcsuf B uD ; 4-csuf
(1) pGJvrf;wwfaomw&m; 3-yg;/
(2) pGJvrf;wwfaom tjcif;t&m 3-yg;/
(3) pGJvrf;&m 0w¬K 3-yg;/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 378
(4) tpGJtvrf;udk azsmufy,fwwfaom tEkyóem
ÓPf 3-yg;/
aqmif y k ' f o H c d y f / (u) rmewPSm? 'd|o d m? rSwyf g pGv
J rf;wwf/
(c) {aom[rod®? {wH rr? {aom ar
tw¬m? þ 3-jzm? jcif;&m 3-yg;rSwf/
(*) edrdwfç yPD[dw? twåZD0g?þ 3-jzm?
pG&J m0w¬Krw
S /f
(C) tedrdwå? yPD[dw? oknwm? rSwfyg
azsmufy,fwwf/
(u) oH a yguf & S i f ; vif ; csuf
pG J v rf ; wwf a om w&m; 3-yg;
1/ rneH rmaem/ / rneH? txifrSm;jcif;/ rmaem?
txifrmS ;jcif;/
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wG,w f mjcif;/
3/ 'óeH 'd|d / / 'óeH? tjrifrSm;jcif;/ 'd|d? tjrif
rSm;jcif;/
pGJGvrf;wwfaom w&m; 3-yg; rSwf&efNyD;\/
-------------
(c) oH a yguf & S i f ; vif ; csuf
pG J v rf ; yH k t jcif ; t&m 3-yg;
1/ {aom[ro®d/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 379
2/ {wH rr/
3/ {aomar twåm/
rmepG J v rf ; yH k
1/ {aom? þonfum;/ t[H? igonf/ tod®? jzpf\/
wPS m pG J v rf ; yH k
2/ {wH? þonfum;/ rr? igh[mwnf;/
'd | d p G J v rf ; yH k
3/ {aom? þonfum;/ ar? ig\/ twåm? twåwnf;/ 0g
txnfcH trmcH tESpftom;wnf;/
---------
(*) oH a yguf & S i f ; vif ; csuf
pG J v rf ; &m 0w¬ K 3-yg;
ed r d w å
aqmif y k ' f o H c d y f / (1) yk * ¾ d K vf ç owå 0 g? igç ol w pf y g;?
a,musfm;ç rdef;r? OD;acgif;pom;?
j'yfrsm;? rSwfom; edrdwå/
yPd [ d w
(2) vS y wif h w ,f ? qef ; wMu,f E S i f h ?
zG,f&m avsmufywf? aumif;jrwf
csr;f om? r*Fvmusuo f a&? rufz,
G f
awG? rSwfav yPd[dw/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 380
twå Z D 0
(3) jyKwwfç MuHwwf? ajymqdkwwfESifh
odrwS çf cHpm;/ ajymif;oGm; usiv
f nf?
tw¬rnf\? t&SnEf pS çf v wnforQ?
ZD0 rSwfonm/
oH a yguf u Asm 3-yk ' f &S i f ; vif ; csuf
opfyif&o dS nf&adS omf opfyifupkd í JG opfyif&yd f ay:NrjJ zpf\?
tudkif;&dyfç tcuf&dyfç tnGefY&dyfç t&Guf&dyfç tyGifh&dyfç toD;&dyf-
tpHak y:NrjJ zpf\? xdok aYkd y:&mü opfyifonft&dyrf [kw?f t&dyo f nf
opfyifr[kw?f opfyifupkd í JG t&dyjf zpf\? opfyifç opfuikd ;f ç opfcufç
opfnGefYç opfyGifhç opfoFD;wdkYonfvnf; t|uvmyf½kyf tpkwdkYudk
pGGJí ay:Muaom t&dyfBuD;i,fwdkYomwnf;/
t|uvmyf½kyf tpkwdkYonf opfyifç opfudkif;-ponf
r[kwfukef? opfyifç opfudkif;-ponfwdkYonf t|uvmyf½kyf tpk
r[kwMf uuke?f t|uvmyf½yk f tpkupkd í JG opfyifç opfuikd ;f -paom
t&dyfoP²mef BuD;i,fwdkudk pJGí opfyif&dyfç opfudkif;&dyf-paom
t&dyfBuD;i,fwdkonf ay:ukef\? þodkYvQif opfyifü&Sdaom t|
uvmyf½kyftpkwdkYrS t&dyf 2-rsdK;ay:\/
yxrt&dyf/ / opfyifoP²mef-paom yxrt&dyfum;
t|uvmyf ½kyftpkwdkYudk rDSí ay:ukef\/
'kwd,t&dyf/ //opfyifç opfudkif;&dyf-paom 'kwd,tyif
t&dyfwdkYum; ajrtjyifü ay:ukef\? yuwd vlwdkYonf þ'kwd,
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 381
t&dyfudom t&dyf-[lí odMuukef\? yxrt&dyfudkum; t&dyf-
[lí rodMuukef/
xdkYtwl owå0gwdkYüvnf; ½kyfcE¨mwdkYrS t&dyf 2-rsKd;xGuf\/
1/ yk*¾KdvftoGifç owå0gtoGif-[laom t&dyf/
2/ OD;acgif;oP²mefç ud,
k o
f P²mefç ajcoP²mefç vuf oP²mefç
vnfyif;oP²mef-[laom t&dyf/
OD;acgif;üvnf;ç OD;xdyfoP²mefç ezl;oP²mefç rsufESm
oP²mefponf? rsufvkH;oP²mefç ESmacgif; oP²mefç cHwGif;ayguf
oP²mefç ar;oP²mefç em;½GufoP²mef-ponf t&dyfBuD;i,f
tvGefrsm;\? udk,füvnf; &ifoP²mefç 0rfoP²mefç qD;oP²mefç
ausmufuek ;f oP²mefç cg;oP²mefç eHab;oP²mef-ponf t&dyBf u;D
i,f tvGefrsm;\/
xdkYtwl-
qHyifoP²mefaygif; 24ç000ç000
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ta&xl ta&yg; oP²mefBuD; 2
tom;pdkif tom;cJ oP²mefaygif; 900
taMumBuD; taMumi,f oP²mefaygif; 900
t½kd;BuD; t½kd;i,f oP²mefaygif; 300
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 382
OD;aESmufco
J P²mefç xdx k t
kd ½d;k wGi;f &Sd ½d;k wGi;f jcifqD oP²mefç
tñIdUoP²mefç ESvHk;oP²mefç tonf;oP²mefç tqkwfoP²mefç
tajr;S oP²mefç tlroP²mefç tltrd o f P²mef- ponfjzifh t&dyBf u;D
t&dyfi,faygif; tvGefrsm;jym;\? tPkjrLç y&rmPkjrLrQ txnf
0w¬Kj'yfoP²mef xifjrifcJhvQif t&dyftoGif-[líom rSwf/
(þum; yxrt&dyfrsdK;wnf;/)
aea&mif rD;a&mifupkd í
GJ ay:aom vl&yd çf rSet f jyifç a&tjyif
wdkYüay:aom vl&dyfwdkYum; 'kwd,t&dyf toGifrsdK;wnf;/
emrf c E¨ m t&d y f
emrfcE¨mwdkYrS xGufaom t&dyfrsdK;um; jrifaomtoGifç
Mum;aomtoGiçf BuaH omtoGiçf odaom toGiçf ESv;kH om,maom
toGifç ESvHk;rom,maom toGifç tvdk&Sdaom toGifç tvdk
r&Sdaom toGifç trsufxGufaom toGifç trsufrxGufaom
toGiçf MunfjzLaom toGiçf rMunfjzLaom toGi-f ponfwo Ykd nf
emrfcE¨mwdkYrS ½kyfcE¨mwdkYüxifaom t&dyfwdkYwnf;/
cE¨ m 5-yg; t&d y f
cE¨m 5-yg; taygif;wdkYrS xGufaom t&dyfudkum; xdkxdk
udk,ft*FgBuD;i,fwdkY vIyfaomtoGifç xdkifaom toGifç xaom
toGifç &yfaomtoGifç oGm;aomtoGifç auG;aomtoGifç qefY
aomtoGiçf xdx k t
kd rIujkd yK vkyaf om toGiçf ajymqdak omtoGi-f
ponfjzifh trIudpötrsdK;rsdK; xifjrifMuorQ tvHk;pHkwdkYonf cE¨m
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 383
5-yg; taygif;wdkYrS xGufaomt&dyfwdkYwnf;? þodkYvQif xdkcE¨m 5-
yg;wdkYESifh a&maESm zufpyfíxifjrifMu&aom tvHk;pHkaom t&dyf
toGifwdkYudk edrdwå- [lí qdkownf;/
]]yk*¾dKvfç owå0gç igç olwpfyg;? a,musfm;ç rdef;r? OD;acgif;
pom;? N'yfrsm;? rSwo f m; edrw
d }å } [laom oHaygufuAsm\o½kyNf y;D \/
ted r d w å m Ek y óemÓPf
opfyifü {uef&Sd&if;ç t&Sdef&Sd&if;ç t[kef&Sd&if; jzpfMuukef
aom t|uvmyf½kyfwdkYudkvnf;aumif;? xdk½kyfwkdYü&Sdaom tedpö
tcsufBuD;udkvnf;aumif;ÓPftjrifaygufcJhonf&Sdaomfopfyifç
opfudkif;ç opfcuf opfnGefYç opf&Gufç opfyGifYç opfoD;- tp&Sdukef
aom yxrt&dyt f oGiw f o
Ykd nfÓPfü tukeu f ,G f aysmufuek \ f ?
trSef&Sd&if;rsdK;ç t[kwf&dS&if;rsdK; r[kwfukef? pdwftm½kHxJrSmom
rsuv f n S hf toGiu f o hJ Ykd xifjrif&aom t&dyrf sKd ;ç toGirf sKd ;ç oP²mef
rsdK;wdkYomwnf;- [k ÓPfü&Sif;vif;pGm xifjrif\/
xdkYtwl owå0gwdkYoEÅmefüvnf; {uef&Sd&if; trSef&Sd&if;
jzpfuek af om toD;oD;aom ½ky"f mwfwu Ykd v
kd nf;aumif;? emrf"mwf
wdu Yk vkd nf;aumif;? ½ky"f mwfemrf"mwfw\ Ykd tedpt ö csuBf u;D udv k nf;
aumif; ÓPftjrif aygufcJhonf&Sdaomf yk*¾dKvfç owå0gç t*FgBuD;
i,f-tp&Sdukefaom tvHk;pHkaom ½kyfedrdwfç emrfedrdwfç ½kyfemrf
ed r d w f w d k Y o nf ÓPf ü tuk e f u G , f a ysmuf u k e f \ ? {uef t rS e f
t[kwf½Sd&if;rsdK; r[kwfukef? owå0gwdkY\ pdwftm½kHxJrSmom
rsuv f n S t hf oGiu
f o hJ Ykd xifjrif&aom t½dyk rf sKd ;ç edrwd rf sKd ;ç toGirf sKd ;ç
oP²mefrsdK;wdkYomwnf;-[k ÓPfü&Sif;vif;pGm xifjrif\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 384
xdkYtwl owå0gwdkYoEÅmwfüvnf; {uef&Sd&if; jzpfukefaom
toD;toD;aom ½kyf"mefwdkYudkvnf;aumif;? emrf"mwfwdkYudkvnf;
aumif;? ½kyf"mwfemrf"mwfwdkY\ tedpötcsufBuD;udkvnf;aumif;
ÓPftjrif aygufco hJ nf&adS omf yk*Kd¾ vçf owå0gç t*FgBu;D i,ftp&Sd
ukefaom tvHk;pHkaom ½kyfedrdwfç emrfedrdwfç ½kyfemrfedrdwfwdkYonf
ÓPfütukef uG,faysmufukef\? {ueftrSef t[kwf&Sd&if;rsdK;
r[kwfukef? owå0gwdkY\ pdwftm½kHxJrSmom rsufvSnfhtoGifuJhodkY
xifMu& jrifMu&aom t&dyfrsdK;ç edrdwfrsdK;ç toGifoP²mefrsdK;wdkY
omwnf;-[k ÓPfüxif&Sm;pGmxifjrif\/
xdkj'yfoP²mefwdkY uG,faysmufukefvQifvnf; yk*¾dKvfMunfhonf?
yk*¾dKvfjrifonf? yk*¾dKvfeHonf? yk*¾dKvfMum;onf? yk*¾Kdvfxdkifonf?
yk*¾dKvfxonf?yk*¾dKvf&yfonf? yk*¾dKvfoGm;onf? yk*¾dKvf&,fonf?
yk*¾dKvfNyHK;onf tp&Sdaomyk*¾dKvf owå0gESifhpyfaom ud&d,mj'Af
trsm;wdv Yk nf; ÓPfüuG,af ysmuf ukev f wåUH ? yk*Kd¾ vjf 'Afç yk*Kd¾ vtf rl
t&mç owå0gj'yfç owå0gtrlt&mtvH;k pHk uG,af ysmufuek o f nf&dS
aomf igç olwpfyg;ç a,musfm;ç rdef;r[laom t&dyfBuD;wdkYvnf;
tukefuG,faysmufvwåHU/
þj'AfodkYvQif ½kyfemrfwdkYrSjzpfMuukefí ½kyfemrfwdkYudk
vHNk cKH vpS mG zH;k vGr;f uG,u f mí tyü xif&mS ;ay:um &Sad eMuukeaf om
cyfodrf;aom ½kyfedrdwfçemrfedrdwfç ½kyfemrfedrdwfwdkYukd tukefuG,f
aysmufapwwfaomaMumifh tedpömEkyóemÓPfudk tedrdwåm
EkyóemÓPfqo kd wnf;/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 385
(c) r[mbk w f B uD ; 4-yg;wd k Y \ tvG e f o d r f a rG U ao;zG J y H k E S i f h
tjzpf t ysuf t vG e f v sif j ref y H k
y&mrmPkjrLç tEkjrLrQ txnf0w¬Kç j'Afç oP²mefç edrdwf
toGix f ifjrifco hJ nf&adS omf {uef&çdS trSe&f çdS t[kw&f rdS sKd ;r[kwNf y?D
rsufvSnfhq&mjyaom ½kyfwkç ½koGifrsdK; pifppfrSwf/
tb,fah Mumifeh nf;qdak omfum; tEkjrLwpfc[ k ak c:qdak om
0w¬KudkBudwfe,fcJhvQif tpdwftjzm uGJrI {uef&Sd\ twGif;ü
uvmyfzGJUrsm;&Sd\? tmumo-tjcm; trsm;&Sd\[k odtyf\/
tpdwftjzm uGJrI[lorQonf uvmyftjcm;rS uGJNrJwnf;?
tEkjrL uG,faysmufav\? y&rmEkjrLawG jzpfíukef\? xdky&rmEk
jrLwdkY toD;toD; tpdwftjzm uGJMuukefvQif y&rmEkjrLtrnf
uG,faysmufMuukef\? wpfckwpfckaom ½kyfuvmyfpdwfawG jzpf
Muukef&m\? xdktcg tpdwftjzm uGJrIr½SdNyD? csKyfqkH;íom oGm;
Muukev f wåU/H
þodv Yk Qif tEkjrL"mwfç tEkjrLuvmyf-[lí pifppftm;jzifh
r&? edrdwårsdK;om jzpf\? y&rmEkjrL"mwfç y&rmEkjrLuvmyf[lí
pifppftm;jzifh r½Sd? edrdwårsdK;om jzpf\? þy&rmEkjrKum; yuwd
rsufpDjzifh rjriftyf? 'dAÁpu©Ktbdnmjzifhom jriftyfonf [l\?
xdky&rmEkjrKrSmyif ½kyfuvmyf aygif;rsm;pGmç yx0Daygif;rsm;pGmç
tmaygaygif;rsm;pGmç awaZmaygif;rsm;pGmç 0ga,maygif; rsm;pGmç
uvmyfjcm;tmumoaygif;rsm;pGm½Sdao;\? xkdxufBuD;aom
0w¬Kj'AfwdkYü qdkzG,fr½Sd/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 386
(þum; y&rwf"mwfppfBuD;wdkY odrfarGUyHkudkqíodMu&ef
tcsufBuD;aywnf;/)
xdt
k wl aea&mifç va&mifç Mu,fa&mifç rD;a&mifç pdeaf &mifç
jra&mifç ywåjrm;a&mifçvQyaf &mifwüYkd vnf;aumif;? ajrüxifaom
opfyif&dyfç vl&dyfç rSeftMunfça&tMunfwkdYü xifaom ae&dyfç
v&dyçf wdr&f yd çf vl&yd f opfyif&yd w
f üYdk vnf;aumif;? nOfah rSmif&yd w
f üYkd
vnf;aumif;? MunfvSpGmaom a&wkdYüvnf;aumif;? toHtrsdK;
rsKd ;wküYd vnf;aumif;? awmifavçajrmufav tp½Sad om avtrsKd ;
rsdK;ç xdkavaqmif&m yg½Sdukefaom teHtrsdK;rsdK;wkdYüvnf;aumif;?
ajr"mwfç a&"mwfç rD;"mwfç av"mwf-[laom r[mbkwf ½kyfBuD;
wdkYonf yg½Sdukef\? r[mbkwfBuD;wkdYESifh uif;í wpfckwpfckaom
½kyfrQjzpfjcif; rnfonfr½Sd? r[mbkwfBuD; ½kyfBuD;wkdYonf t&dyf
ta&mif tp½Sdaom ½kyfwkdY\ txnfcH trmcH jzpfMuayukef\/
t&dyt f a&mif tp½So d nfwüYkd yg½Sad om r[mbkwf ½kyBf u;D
wkdYESifh owå0gwkdYoP²mefwkdYü txnfcH trmcH jzpfukefaom
r[mbkwf ½kyfBuD;wdkYonfvnf;aumif;? ausmufwdkifç ausmifwkH;ç
oHwikd çf oHw;Hk ç opfyçf opfw;kH -ponfwüYkd txnfcH trmcHjzpfuek f
aom r[mbkw½f yk Bf u;D wdo Yk nfvnf;aumif; tPkjrLç y&rmPkjrLrQ
j'yfoP²mefr½SdMu? ud&d,m trlt&mrQom ½SdMurIwdkYonf wlMu
ukef\? ½kyfuvmyfcsif; tpktcJ taygif;tzGJU pdyfrIç BuJrIç acsmifrI
trsKd;rsKd;odkY vdkufíom txl;½SdaeMuukef\/
(þonfvnf; r[mbkwf½kyfBuD;wdkY\
odrfarGUao;zGJUvSykHudkodjrif&ef tcsufpkwnf;/)
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 387
awaZm[l a om rD ; "mwf B uD ; \ tcG i f h u d p ö B uD ; 2-yg;
xdk r[mbkwfBuD; 4-yg;wdkYwGif awaZmr[mbkwf qdk
onfum; rD;"mwfBuD;aywnf;? xdkrD; "mwfBuD;\ tcGifhudpöum;-
1/ twlwuGjzpfaom r[mbkwBf u;D wdu Yk kd twGiaf vmifrçI
uRrf;aprIç ukefqkH;aprI-tcGifhudpöBuD; wpfyg;/
2/ ½kyu
f vmyfopfwu Ykd kd twGiaf ygufzmG ;aprIç wd;k yGm;aprI-
udpBö u;D wpfyg;/
þtcGihfudpöBuD; 2-yg;udk rsufawmifwpfcwfrQ rvyfrpJ
tedpötm;jzifh wGifus,fpGmaqmif&Guf\? xdkudpöBuD; 2-yg;wGif
½kyu
f vmyfopfaygufzmG ;rIu o[Jaumif;vSaomtcg olavmifí
uvmyfa[mif; wpfckukef&mü uvmyfrsm;pGmudkjzpfay:ap\?
opfyifrsm;wpfaeYwpfjcm; BuDyGm;rIudkarQmfav\? aygufzGmrIu
o[Jenf;vSaom tcgavmifíukeq f ;kH rIu tm;Bu;D \? wd;k yGm;rIu
tm;enf;\? opfyifrsm; tdkí usoGm;onfudkarQmfav/
avmifrçI yGm;aprIo[JrQ- w-íaeaomtcg twd;k tqkwf
rQ-wíae\? xif;rD;pmo[J aumif;vQif rD;awmufwdk;yGm;\?
xif;rD;pmo[Jenf;íoGm;vQif rD;awmufqkwf,kwf oGm;\/
xif;rD;pmukefvQif rD;awmufukefaysmuf\/
avmuü yuwdrD;\ tcsufpkudk aphpkHpGmMunfhí y&rwf
awaZm"mwfBuD;\ tcGifhBuD; 2-yg;udk twwfodEdkif\? oDw
rD;onfvnf; avmifrçI yGm;rIç udpBö u;D 2-yg; ½S\ d ? jrpfa&ç ork'&´ ma&ç
urÇmysufa&wdkYudk arQmfav? xdka&wdkYü wdk;rIç yGm;rIç wnfaerIç
qkwf,kwfrIwdkYonf oDw"mwfrD;\ tcGifhudpöBuD;aywnf;/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 388
(þum; awaZm-[laom rD;"mwfBuD;\
tcGifhudpöBuD;2-yg;udk jyqdkcsufwnf;/)
txufujyqdck ahJ om y&rwf"mwfBu;D wd\ Yk odraf rGUao;zGUJ rIEiS hf
þawaZm"mwfBu;D \ tcGiu hf pd Bö u;D 2-yg;udEk ;DS aESmí Munfch o hJ nf
&Sdaomf þcE¨mudkwdkYü rsufawmifwcwf vQyfwpfysufrQ rjywfrpJ
tNrJ ukefqkH;rIBuD;wpfck &Sdaeonfudkvnf;aumif;? rsufawmif
wpfcwf vQyw f pfjyufrQ rjywfrpJ tNrjJ zpfymG ;rI Bu;D wpfck &Sad eonf
udkvnf;aumif; rkcsqwfqwf odjriftyf\? ukefqkH;rIBuD;udk
xifjrifatmif Munfh&Iaom tcgü rD;avmifí aeaom*Grf;ykHBuD;ç
*Grf;vkH;BuD;ç puúLykHBuD;ç puúLxkyfBuD;wdkY\ ukefrIuJhodkY &Ijrif&m\?
jzpfrçI yGm;rIukd Munf&h aI omtcgü ud, k cf E¨mtwGi;f rSm aumif;uifü
wdrw f ukd f wdrcf aJ wG cPcsi;f jynfo h uJo h vYkd nf;aumif;ç 'Dacsmif;ü
'Da&wufouJo h v Ykd nf;aumif; xifjrifatmif Munfah v? jzpfymG ;rIç
ysufqkH;rIBuD; 2-yg;udk ÓPfESifh oefYjcm;í tcsufusatmif Munfh
wwfrS jrifomxifom &Sdrnf? tcsufMuatmif MuHzefí rMunfh
wwfvQif axG;,Sufí aevdrfhrnf/
(þum; r[mbkwfBuD; 4-yg;wdkY\ tvGefodrfarGU ao;zGJU
ykHESifh tjzpftysuf tvGefvsifjrefMuykHudk &dyfrdavmuf&kH jyqdkcsuf
wnf;/)
(*) tmumo 4-yg; Munf h & I & ef
yx0D tmumo
tmuo"mwf tNydKifjzpfukefaom uvmyfzGJUwdkY\ tcsif;
csif;jcm;rIç a&SUaemuftpOfh jzpfukefaom ½kyfa[mif;ç ½kyfopfwdkY\
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 389
bifpGef;ç Oyg'fpGef; jcm;rI-[lí 2-yg; &Sd\? xdkwGif tNydKifjzpfaom
uvmyfzUJG wd\ Yk tcsi;f csi;f jcm;rIukd a&S;ütPkjrLç y&rmPkjrLwdjYk zifh
cGí
J jyqdck jhJ y/D a&SUaemuftpOf jzpfuek af om ½kyaf [mif;ç ½kyo f pfw\ Ykd
bifpGef;ç Oyg'fpGef;jcm;rIü cyfodrf;aom ½kyfw&m;ç emrfw&m;wdkY
rnfonf ud&, d mrQom jzpfMuuke\ f ? trlt&mrQom jzpfMuuke\ f ?
xdaYk Mumifh trlt&mwpfrsK;d wpfrsKd ;onf &kyw f pfrsKd ;wpfrsKd ;ç emrfwpfrsKd ;
wpfrsKd ;aywnf;? xdw k iG f ½kyt
f rlt&mwpfrsKd ;ESihf ½kyt
f rlt&m wpfrsKd ;
\tMum;ü tmumo y&dapä'jcm;NrJwnf;/
Oyrmum;-
Oyrmum;-vl w d k Y ü ta&yg;ES i f h ta&xl \ tMum;ü
tmumojcm;\? tay:&Hta&yg;udk toD;tjcm; cGm,lvQif &\?
ta&xlESifh tom;ajr§;\ tMum;ü tmumojcm;\? ta&xludk
toD;tjcm; cGm,lvQif&\? t½kd;wdkY\ tom;wdkY\ tMum;ü
tmumojcm;\? tom;udk toD;tjcm;cGm,lvQif &\? þ
tmumorsd K ;um; [if ; vif ; jrif & aom tmumorsd K ;r[k w f ?
tpGef;2-ck tp2-ck xdpyfvsuf&Sd\? xdpyfvsuf&Sdaomfvnf;
tMum;tvyf tjywf taygufvnf; {uef&\ dS ? þtwl csKyu f ,G f
avaom ud&d,ma[mif;\ bifpGef;ESifh jzpfay:vmaom ud&d,m
opf\ Oyg'fpGef;\ tMum;ü tmumojcm;\/
csd y f c J O yrm
tvGecf ufrmí aeaom csyd cf u
J kd jyif;pGmaom rD;us;D pkücsí
t&nfMunfap&mü tvGefcufrmrIum; trlt&mud&d,mwpfrsdK;ç
yx0D"mwfwpfrsdK; oDwrD;"mwf\ om;orD;pkaywnf;? jyif;pGm
ylaom rD;usD;pkü usa&mufonfESifh wNydKifeuf OPSrD;&dSefonf
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 390
atmuftzdkYrSpí tpOftwdkif;avmifí oGm;av&m oDwrD;
"mwfonf tpOftwdkif; csKyfuG,fav\? oDwrD;"mwfESifh o[
Zmwjzpfaumif;aom El;nhHrI ud&d,mtqifhqifh ajymif;vJrI
jzpfay:í oGm;ojzifh csdyf&nfMunfjzpfav\/
aphaphMunfh&IíaevQif cufrmrIud&d,m aMuaysmufí
aMuaysmufí oGm;rIç aysmah ysmif;í aysmah ysmif;ívmrIç tpdik t f cJ
aMuíaMuí oGm;rIç t&nfawGawG jzpfay:vmrIwu Ykd kd 'd|jrif&\?
pum;wpfrsKd ; wpfrsKd ;ESihf ajymqk&d ef trlt&mwpfrsKd ;wpfrsKd ; ajymif;
vJjzpfay:ívmrI xif&Sm;\? cufrmrIxuf cufrmrItqifhqifh
csKyfuG,fíoGm;\? El;nHhrIxuf El;nHhrItqifhqifh ajymif;vJ jzpf
ay:vm\? a&avmif;í OPS-rD;"mwfcsKyfNidrf;í oDw-rD;"mwf
rif;rlívmjyefvQif El;nHhrI tqifhqifhcsKyfqHk;íoGm;\? cufrmrI
tqifq h ifh ajymif;vJjzpfay:ívm\? tvGecf ufrmNrJ cufrmjyef\/
þücsyd [ f al omç csyd cf [
J al omç csyd af ysm[
h al om edrw d "å r®Bu;D
udk ESvHk;roGif;rlí cufrmrIud&d,mç El;nHhrI ud&d,m-[laom
yx0D"mwfppfudkom ÓPfESifhpdkufíMunfh/
Munf h y H k u m;
yxr cufrmrIonf t&nfMunf jzpfonfhwdkifatmif
yuwd twdkif; wnfaeEdkif\avm- [kMunhf? xdkodkYMunfhcJhvQif
xdkyxr cufrmrIonf t&nfMunfjzpfonfhwdkifatmif yuwd
twdkif; rwnfEdkifrlí tprSpí cufrmaom yx0Dtqifhqifh
NydKysuf ukefqHk;í oGm;rIç El;nHhaom yx0Dpk vdIif;yGuf tvdyfvdyf
xouhJodkY tqifhqifh jzpfay:í vmrIonf ÓPfü xif&Sm;pGm
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 391
xifjrif&\? a&S;a&S;yx0D rsdK;uG,faysmufrI tqHk;qHk;ESifh aemuf
aemufyx0DrsKd ; tvdyv f yd jf zpfay:rI tptpwd\ Yk tMum;tMum;ü
tmumoy&dapä' tjcm;tjcm; toD;oD;&SdMuonfudk ÓPfü
jcm;em;pGm xifjrifap&m\/
þütmumoy&dapä'um; tvGefpdyf\? rsufawmif
wpfcwfrSmyif t&mç taxmif -rupdyf\? ÓPfü yx0Dud&d,m
wpfrsdK;wpfrsdK;taeESifh xif&Sm;vS&mukdom tydkif;tjcm;jyKí
Munhfav? cufrmrIpk wpfydkif;ç aysmhaysmif;rIpk wpfydkif;ç t&nfpk
wpfydkif;? þodkY 3 ydkif;ydkif;íaomfvnf; Munfhav? ysufrIudk
Munfhaomtcg wpfydkif;wpfydkif; oefYjcm;í tvHk;pHkukefonfwdkif
atmif pdkufíMunfhav? t&nfü El;nhHvSpGmaom yx0Donf
cufrmrIjzpfonfwdkifatmif yuwdtwdkif; wnfaeEdkif\avm-
[laom tjyeftvSefü xdkenf;twl odav/
yx0DtmumoNy;D \/
-------------
tmaygtmumo
tmaygtmumoüvnf; yuwdcufrmonfrSpí t&nf
Munfjzpfonfwikd af tmif zGUJ pnf;rI[al om tmayg "mwftqifq h ifh
jyufaysmufí oGm;yHkç ,dkpD;rI[laom tmayg"mwftqihfqifh
prf;a&yGufuJhodkY jzpfay:íoGm;yHkç wpfzef t&nfMunfrSm&Sdaom
,dkpD;rIrSpí yuwdcufrmrI jzpfonfwdkifatmif ,dkpD;rItqifhqifh
csKyaf ysmufyçkH zGUJ pnf;rItqifq h ifh jzpfay:yHu
k kd tmumoy&dapä'ESihf
ydkif;jcm;íMunhfav/
tmaygtmumo NyD;\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 392
awaZmtmumo
awaZmtmumoü at;rItqifhqifhç ylrItqifhqifh
ydkif;jcm;í Munhfav/
awaZmtmumoNyD;\/
--------------
0ga,mtmumo
0ga,mtmumoü axmuf c H r I t qif h q if h yd k i f ; jcm;í
Munhfav/
0ga,mtmumoNy;D \/
-----------
þcsyd cf w J pfcük "mwfBu;D 4-yg;wd\ Yk jzpfrçI ysurf u I kd tmumo
y&dapä'ESiw hf uG tcsuu f s jcm;em; xif&mS ;pGm xifjrif Edik Mf uygvQif
owå0gcE¨mudk,fudk rqdkxm;bd? jrifhrdk&fawmifç r[myx0DajrBuD;
wdüYk yif jrifEikd Mf uukev f wåUH ? þcsyd cf üJ rD;&Sed jf yif;pGm xdyg;rIukd tm½Hk
jyKvdkufonfESifh wpfNydKifeuf csdyfcJtrlt&m wpfrsdK;ajymif;vJrIudk
rsupf Ed iS hf jrif&ouJo h Ykd jrif\/ trlt&m a[mif;ysuo f nfuv kd nf;
jrif\? trlt&mopfay:onfudkvnf; jrif\? rD;ü wu,fcsvQif
vnf; rsufpdESifhyif aMumifaMumif jrif\/
rsufpdtjrifqdkonfum; m;- XDcP-XDcP-a&mufqJudkom
jrif\? ysufrItpGef;ç jzpfrItpGef;wdkYudk jrif½dk; r[kwf? tpGef; 2-ck
kwdkY\Mum; tmumoy&dapä'-udkvnf; jrif½dk;r[kwf? ta[mif;
topf XDtcsif;csif;jzifhom pyfqufíjrif\/
xdo k Ykd jrif&mwGif XD½yk t f csi;f csi;f trlt&m rwlMuonfukd
jrifí raem'Gg&jzifh ½kyfajymif;rIudk avmuü tvdkvdkodMu\?
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 393
trlt&ma[mif; ysuo f nf[k odMu\/ trlt&mopfwpfrsKd ; jzpfay:
onf[k odMu\? trlt&mjcm;onf[k odMu\/
xdkwGif -
1/ trlt&ma[mif; ysuo f nf[k odruI m; ½kyaf [mif;
\ bifudk odrIyifwnf;/
2/ trlt&mopfwpfrsdK; jzpfay:onf[k odrIum;
½kyfopf\Oyg'fudk odrIyifwnf;/
3/ trlt&mjcm;onf[k odru I m; tmumoy&dapä'-
udk odrIyifwnf;/
xdkodkY odaomfvnf; csdyfcJ-[laom oP²mefj'yfç ynwf
edrdwfBuD;udk pdwfü pGJvsuf&SdaeaomaMumifh pdwfü xdkoP²mef
BuD;onfom jy|mef;í ae\? trlt&ma[mif; ysufrIç aysmuf
uG,frIç csKyfqHk;rIum; r&P"mwfBuD;wpfckwnf;[k ysufrIudk
toD;tjcm;"mwfBuD; 1-yg;ç "r®BuD; 1-yg;taeESifh rodMu? pdwfü
pGNJ rx
J ifay:íaeaom csyd cf \ J tay:&du trlt&mrQ taeESio hf m
xifMu\? xdkYtwl trlt&mopf wpfrsdK;jzpfay:rI? aygufzGm;rI
udkvnf; toD;tjcm; Zmwd"mwfBuD;wpfyg;ç Zmwd"r®BuD;wpfyg;-
[k rodMu? xdkYtwl trlt&mjcm;rIudkvnf; tmumoy&dapä'-
"mwfBuD; 1-yg;ç "r®BuD; 1-yg;[k rodMu/
csdyfcJ-[laom t[kwf&Sdç {uef&Sd r[kwfaom edrdwåBuD;ukd
ÓPfESifhz,f&Sm;í cufrmrIç zGJUpnf; rIçat;rIç ylrIç <u&GrI-[laom
y&rwf"mwfppfukd ÓPfpdkufí MunfhwwfrSomvQif xkdr&P
"mwfBuD;ç Zmwd"mwfBuD;ç tmumo"mwfBuD;wkdYonf trItoD;
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 394
tjcm;ç ud&d,mtoD;tjcm;ç "r®BuD; 1-yg;pD 1-yg;pD tjzpfESifh
xifjrifEkdifonf? þ"r®BuD; 3-yg;ukd BuD;BuD;rm;rm; oD;oD;jcm;jcm;
ÓPftjrif xif&Sm;pGm ay:ívmatmif tm;xkwf&onf? owd
txl;xm;Muap/
þrQaom pum;&yfwkdYjzifh tedpöqkdaom w&m;onf igwkdY
e*kdyuwd pdwftodxJrSmyif yg0ifNyD;omwnf;? rrDEdkifaomw&m;
r[kwf? ÓPfü edrdwå"r®BuD;ukd y,f&Sm;rIç "mwfBuD; 4-yg;ukd
xkwfazmfrIç "r®BuD; 3-yg;ukd xif&Sm;aprI vkdíaeMuonfhtwGuf
aMumifo
h m tedpu ö dk jrifvsuEf iS hf tedprö eS ;f rod &Sad eMu&ukeo
f nf[k
tm;wufMu&eftcsufukd jyqkdownf;/
tmumo 4-yg; Munfh½I&efNyD;\/
-------
(C) ted p ö v u© P m rxif j rif E d k i f y k H
udó treodum&m aue y#dpäEéwåm tedpövu©PH e
Oy|mwd? O',AÁ,rÜe y&d*¾a[wGm oEÅwd,m 0daumydwm,
tedpövu©PH ,mxm0o&oawm Oy|mwd/
(t|uxm)
tb,fukd ESvkH;roGif;jcif;aMumifhç tb,fonf zkH;vTrf;jcif;
aMumifh tedpvö u©Pmonf owå0gwk\ Yd ÓPfü rxifavoenf;
[lrlum; jzpfrIysufrIukd "mwftoD;tjcm;ç "r®toD;tjcm;[k xif
&Sm;atmif ESvkH;roGif;jcif;aMumifhç oEÅwdynwfwnf;--[laom
edrdwå"r®BuD;onf zkH;vTrf;í aejcif;aMumifh tedpövu©Pmonf
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 395
owå0gwk\ Yd ÓPfü rxifavonf? jzpfrI ysurf u I dk "mwftoD;tjcm;ç
"r®toD;tjcm;[k xif&Sm;atmif ÓPfESifhodrf;qnf;í oEÅwd
ynwfwnf;[laom edrdwå"r®BuD;ukd ÓPfESifhcGmzsuf y,f&Sm;
rIwv f iT íhf ypfonf&adS omf tedpv ö u©Pmonf [kwrf eS w f idk ;f aom
rdrdudpöESifhwuG owå0gwkdY\ ÓPfü xifvm\/
(þum; t|uxmBu;D \ pum;ukd tusO;f csKyf odavmuf½Hk
t"dyÜg,fazmfjycsufwnf;/)
"mwfBu;D 4-yg;ç "r®Bu;D 4-yg;wwdo Yk nf ÓPftvdrm® wd\ Yk
BuD;yGg;pnfum;&m jzpfukef\? tedrdwå"r®wdkYonf udavomwdkY\
BuD;yGg;pnfum;&mjzpfukef\? twå'd|d\ trdozG,fjzpfaom
oar®m[-w&m;Bu;D onf "mwfBu;D 4-yg;ç "r®Bu;D 3-yg;wdu Yk kd vHNk cKH pmG
zH;k vGr;f uG,u f m\? pdw0f n d mOf-[laomrsuv f nS o hf nfBu;D t[kwf
r&Sdaom edrdwå"r®BuD;udk tNrJzefqif;wnfaxmifí jyxm;\?
xdkYaMumifhowå0gwdkYonf "mwfBuD;ç "r®BuD;wdkYudk aMumifaMumifjrif
vsuf rodMuukef? aMumifaMumif odvsuf rjrifMuukef?
tb,foYkd aMumifaMumifjrifí rodMuukeo f enf;-[lru l m;
avmuü 'd|ud, k af wGcY sn;f jzpfMuonfukd aMumifaMumifjrifqo kd nf?
rnfonfh"mwf[líç rnfonfh"r®[lí toD;toD;jcm;em;í
rodMuonfudk rodqdkonf/
aMumifaMumifodvsufrjrifMuukefqdkonfum;- omoem
"r®ü Mum;zl;em;0&SdMuolwdkYrSm þudk,fcE¨monf "mwfBuD; 4-yg;
tpkomwnf;[k odMuvsuf udk,fcE¨m wpfckvHk; 4-pdwf uGJatmif
cGJjcrf;í rjrifMu qdkvdkonf/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 396
xd k pum; 2-&yf u d k x if & S m ;apOD ; tH h
cufrmrIçMurf;wrf;rIçaysmhaysmif;rIçEl;nHhrIwdkYonf 'd|udk,f
awGUwdkYcsnf;omwnf;? xdkYtwlzGJUwG,frIç ap;aprIç ,dkpD;rIwdkYonf
vnf;aumif;? ylrçI avmifrçI aEG;rIçat;rIçcsr;f rIwo
Ykd nfvnf;aumif;?
axmufuefrIç awmifhwif;rIç<u&GrIçvIyf&Sm;rIç a&GUoGm;rIonfvnf;
aumif;? 'd|udk,fawGUcsnf;omwnf;? xdkYtwl xdktrlt&mwdkY\
tajctaeysufrIç trlt&maysmif;vJrIç wpfrsdK;wpfrsdK;ay:vmrIç
trlt&mrIç a&SUtrIaemuftrI rwlrIwdkYonf 'd|udk,fawGU csnf;
omwnf;? trlt&mwpfckwpfckudkrlum; "mwf 1-yg; 1-yg;[lí
ÓPfESifhjcm; wm;íum; rjrifMuukef? tvHk;pHkaom trlt&mpkudk
edrdwfBuD;ESifh wpfckwnf; jyKíom jrifMuukef\? udk,fudkprf;vQif
ylrSef;od\? aEG;rSef;od\? at;rSef;od\? awaZm"mwfBuD;ay-[lí
rodMu? edrdwfESifh wpfckwnf;jyKí udk,fylonf? ausmylonf?
0rf;ylonftp&SdonfjzifhodMu\? tylaysmufNyD? taEG;aysmufNyD?
tat;aysmufNy-D [koMd u\? xdaysmufru I kd awaZm\ aorI csKyrf -I
[laom r&P"mwfBuD;ay-[lírodMu? ylvmNyD? tyljzpfay:í
vmNy?D at;vmNy?D at;rIjzpfay:ívmNyD [koMd u\? xdjk zpfay:rIukd
Zmwd"r®BuD; wpfrsdK;ay-[krodMu? xdktvHk;;pHkudk xif&Sm;apjcif;iSg
'Gwåðomum&ESifhpyfíjyqdkaytHh/
y#dorÇ'd gr*fygVdawmf---
auoum,H ? avmrum,H ? ecumoH ? 'EÅ u m,H -
tp&Sdonfjzifha[mawmfrlaomaMumifh wpfa,mufaomol\
udk,fcE¨müauoum,çavmrum,-tp&Sdonfjzifh um,aygif;
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 397
32-yg;&S\d ? ud,
k cf E¨maygif; 32-yg;&S\
d [lv?kd qHyifaygif; 2-uka#
4-oef; &So d nfqakd omaMumifh auoum,aygif; 2-uka# 4-oef;
&Sd\? qHyifac:aom udk,fcE¨maygif; 2-uka# 4-oef;&Sd\[lvdk?
xdkYtwl---
arG;nif;ac:aomudk,fcE¨maygif;-------- 99000-&S\ d /
ajconf;vufonf;ac:aomudk,fcE¨maygif;---- 20-&S\ d /
oGm;ac:aomcE¨mudk,faygif;------- 32-&S\ d /
ta&ac:aomcE¨mudk,faygif;------ 2-&S\ d /
tom;ac:aomcE¨mudk,faygif;----- 900-&S\ d /
taMumac:aomE¨mudk,faygif;----- 900-&S\ d /
t½dk;ac:aomcE¨mudk,faygif;------ 300-&S\ d /
þodkY ponfjzifh cGJavOD;/
qHyifwpfüvnf; yx0Dum,ç tmaygum,ç awaZm
um,ç 0ga,mum,-[lí um,BuD;4-yg;&Sd\/
1/ qHyifwpfckvHk;ü trmcHjzpfaom cufrmrIud&d,m
taygif;onf yx0Dum,rnf\/
2/ zGJUpnf;rI ud&d,mtaygif;onf tmaygum,rnf\/
3/ ylaomtcgü ylrItaygif;ç at;aomtcgü at;rI
taygif;onf awaZmum,rnf\/
4/ awaZmum,\ t½S d e f j zpf a om axmuf u ef r I
taygif;onf 0ga,mum,rnf\/
þokdYqkdvQif qHyifwpfckü um,BuD; 4-yg;½Sd\? ukd,fcE¨m
BuD; 4-yg;½Sd\-[lvkdonf/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 398
xkdum,BuD; 4-yg;wkdY\ rpJjzpfay:rIç rpJysufqkH;rIç [laom
vu©Pm"mwfBu;D 2-yg;vnf;½S\ d ? uvmyfzUJG uvmyfcw J \ Ydk xuf
0ef;usif tjcm; a½SUaemuftcg[laom tmumoy&dapä'"mwfBu;D
vnf;½Sd\? pdwf0dnmOf zefqif;íjyojzifh xifjrifíaeMuaom
oP²meferd w d Bf u;D vnf;½S\d ? xko d P²meftwkid ;f ESpv f t½Snf wnfae
onf[k xifjrifíaeMuaom oEÅwdedrdwfBuD;vnf;½Sd\? þ
edrdwfBuD; 2-yg;wkdYonfum; pdwfxJwGif xifjrifMu&aom ynwf
rQwdkYomwnf;? xdkqHyifwpfouf xdkedrdwfBuD;wdkYonfNrJukef\?
vlaoírS rysufMuukefao;/ okomefajrr AmwaxG;vHk;vHk;
wnf&SdMuukefao;\/ xdkedrdwf 2-yg;wdkYrSmjzpfrI[lívnf;r&Sd?
ysurf [I íl vnf;r&S?d vnf;r&S?d 'kuv © nf;r&S?d edp"ö r®rsK;d wdo
Yk mwnf;/
xdek rd w
d Bf u;D 2-yg;wdrk &DS mjzpfaom um,Bu;D 4-yg;wdYk xdb k 0ü
tppGmaomjzpfay:rIudk xdkedrdwfwdkY\ ysufrI[k odjrif xifrSwfí
aeMuukef\? raorDtMum;ü xdkoltouf½SnforQumvywfvkH;
tEÅ&m,fr½SdvQif okomefajrodkYa&mufonfwdkifatmif xdkqHyif
tcgcgjzpfonf? tcgcgysufonf[lí r½SdNyD-[kodjrifxifrSwfí
aeMuukef\? owå0g\ udk,fcE¨mwpfckvkH;onf edrdwåwkH;BuD;ç
edpöwkH;BuD; xifjrif pGJrSwfíaeMuukef\/
xkdedrdwfBuD; 2-yg;wdkYwGif oP²mefedrdwfBuD;onf qHyifü
&dSaom um,BuD; 4-yg;wdkYudk qHyif[k wpfckwnf;jyKí zHk;vGrf;\/
1/ qHyifü&daS om cufrmrIukd yx0D"mwf[k cGjJ crf;í rodEikd f
ukef? qHyifcufrmonf[líom odMuukef\/
2/ zGUJ pnf;rIut kd maAm"mwf[k cGjJ cm;í rodMuuke?f qHyifzUJG
pnf;onf[k odMuukef\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 399
3/ ylrIç at;rIudk awaZm"mwf[k cGJjcm;í rodMuukef?
qHyifylonfqHyifat;onf[k odMuukef\/
4/ axmufuefç awmifhwif;rIudk 0ga,m"mwf[kcGJjcm;í
rodMuukef? qHyifawmifhwif;onf[k odMuukef\/
oEÅwed rd w d Bf u;D onf xd"k mwfBu;D 4-yg;wd\ Yk 1-em&DtwGi;f
rSm tcg 1-&m tcg 1-axmifru wpfokwfwpfokwf csKyfysuf
aoqHk;rIç wpfokwfwpfokwf topfopfjzpfay:rIwdkYudk vHkjcHKvSpGm
zH;k uG,í f a&SUaemuftpOfjzpfuek af om xdw k pdow k w f pfow k wf uYkd kd
qHyifwpfcw k nf;jyKí wpfoufv;kH ü onfqyH if-[ x k ifrw S af rSmuf
rSm;ap\? "mwfBuD; 4-yg;wdkYum; tedpörsdK;wdkYwnf;? edrdwfBuD;
2-yg;wdu Yk m; edprö sKd ;wdo Yk mwnf;? t[kw&f adS om w&m;rsKd ;r[kwaf om
aMumifh ysufp&mr&SdonfhtwGuf edpörsdK;jzpfavownf;/
xdkqHyifü um,BuD; 4-yg;wdkYwGif awaZmum,qdkonf
um; rD;pkrDcJwnf;? ylrIçaEG;rIçat;rIçcsrf;rIç tpktcJwnf;? ylrIç
at;rIwdkYü udpöBuD;um; 2-yg;om&Sd\/
1/ twlwuG tenf;tpyfjzpfaom yx0Dum,ç tmayg
um,ç 0ga,mum,wdkYudk cPrpJç ukefqHk;atmif tNrJavmifrI
udpBö u;D wpfyg;/
2/ xdu
k m,Bu;D 3-yg;wdu Yk kd avmifrçd pGrJ çd cJro d nfEiS hf wpfNyKd if
euf tNrJrD;yGg;rI udpöBuD;wpfyg;/
þodYk ylrüI udpBö u;D 2-yg;ç at;rIüudpBö u;D 2-yg; toD;toD;
&SMd u\? þpum;ü rD;yGg;rIqo kd nfum; tyltqifq h ifyh gG ;rIç tat;
tqifhqifhyGg;rIudkqdkownf;? ylrIçat;rI topftopfrD;yGg;wdkif;
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 400
rD;yGg;wdkif; <uif;aom um,BuD; 3-yg;wdkYonf tNrJyg&SdMuukef\/
rD ; yG g ;yH k
rD;yGg;yHktjcif;t&mudkum; avmuü &Sm;rD;cJ&J&JBuD;udk
apUapUMunfh½Iívnf;aumif;ç rD;awmufrD;vQHudk apYapYMunfh½Ií
vnf;aumif;ç OPSrD;yGg;rIudkodjrif&m\? jrpfa&tvsOfçprf;a&
tvsifrsm; udkMunfh½Ií oDwrD;yGg;rIudk odjrif&m\? vIyfvIyf&G&G
wpfzGg;zGg;ay:rIç wufrIç wawGawGpD;xGufrIwdkYudkqdkvdkonf/
tMuifrQavmufaom aeYç&ufçvçESpf umvywfvHk; xdk
qHyifüawaZmum,BuD; rD;yGg;rI tcGifh&&Sd\? xdkrQavmufaom
umvywfvHk; qHyif[laom oP²mefedrdwf oEÅwdedrdwfwdkYonf
xifjrif& uke\ f ? rD;yGg;rIuek qf ;kH vQif trSrD &Sí
d xifp&m jrifp&mr&S?d
uG,faysmufMuukef\? þrD;yGg;rIudk ÓPfpl;pdkufrdcJhvQif qHyif
wpfckvHk;tNrJedpöw½G½Gaeonfudk xifjrifEdkifMuukefvwåHU/ qHyif
wpfckü aumif;aumif;jrifcJhayvQif owå0gwdkY\ udk,fcE¨m&Sd ½kyfpk
½kycf w
J u
Ykd rkd qdxk m;bd? r[myx0DajrBu;D ç jrifrh akd wmifBu;D wdEYk iS hf wuG
awmçawmifç opfyif-tp&Sdaom ½kyfpk½kyfcJwdkYonf ÓPfü w&G&G
awGjzpfí ukefvwåHU/
w&G&x G ifjrifcvhJ Qif xdw
k &G&q G akd om trIrsKd ;ü tustwuf
tysuftjzpfawGudk zufpyfí qdk&aom trIrsdK;aywnf;/
xdkYaMumifh---
1/ a&S;a&S;tokwfrS um, BuD; 4-yg; ysufqHk;rI tpGef;ç
2/ aemufaemuftokwfrS um,BuD; 4-yg; topftopf
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 401
jzpfay:rItpGef;ç
3/ xdt k pGe;f 2-yg;ç 2-yg;wd\ Yk tMum;ü tjywfBu;D tjywf
BuD; taeESifh tNrJyg&Sdaomtmumo y&apä'rIç
þtpGef; 2-yg;çtjcm; 1-ckudkvnf; twwfodjrifEdkifMu
uke&f mownf;/
(þum; tpOftNrJtm;jzifh owå0gwdkY\ udk,fcE¨mESifhwuG
wpfavmuvkH;ü aeç vç eu©wfwdkYudk t&if;jyKí wpfaeYwpfaeYü
yifvQif y[dk&ftydkif;tjcm;ç aeYçnOfY tydkif;tjcm;tm;jzifh wufwkHY
qkww f YHk jzpfíaeMuaom OPS"mwfr;D ç oDw"mwfr;D wdu Yk kd tpGjJ yKí
yuwdaom qHyifü um,BuD; 4-yg;ç tpGef;BuD; 2-yg;ç tjcm;BuD;
1-yg;wdkYudk azmfjyaom tcsufwnf;? csdyfcJ OyrmESifh,SOfí Munfh
av/)
þqHyifü 0PÖç *E¨ç &oç MoZm-[laom Oyg'g½kyf 4-ck
use&f adS o;\? um,Bu;D 4- yg; wd\ Yk jzpfryI surf I xifjrifEikd yf gvsuf
Oyg'g½kyw f \Ykd jzpfrçI ysurf w I uYkd v
kd nf;xifjrifEidk af wmhonf? od&Yk mwGif
tqif;[laom 0PÖ"mwfonf oP²mefedrdwfBuD;ESifY tvGefeD;
pyfv\ S ? þtqif;[laom 0PÖ"mwfukd rIerYf eI n Yf ufnufaMuatmif
ÓPfEiS hf txl;ajczsu&f vdrrhf nf? yx0Dum,Bu;D ysurf u I ½kd cI v
hJ Qif
0PÖ"mwf ysufrIudkvnf; waygif;wnf;ygatmif½I/
xdkYtwl tmayg um,BuD; tzGJUtwGuf jyKwfysufrIç aw
aZmum,BuD; tyltat; ukefqkH;rIç 0ga,mum,BuD; t&Sdefao
aysmufrw I u Ykd kd ½Icv
hJ Qif 0PÖ"mwfysurf v I nf; waygif;wnf; ygav
atmif txl;tm;xkwf&rnf qdkvdkonf? qHyifü rnf;eufaom
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 402
tqif;udk aMumifaMumifjrifMuvsuf "mwftoD;tjcm; [k rodMu?
"mwftoD;tjcm;[k odMuvsuf jcm;em;í rjrifMu/ teHçY t&omç
MoZmwdkYüvnf; þenf;wlqdkav? þqHyifüuJhodkY arG;nif;ç
ajconf; vufonf;ç oGm;ç ta&-tp&Sad om <uif;aom aum|mo
wdkYüvnf; um,BuD; 4-yg;ç tpGef; 2-yg;ç tmumo y&dapä' 1-
yg;ç edrdwfBuD; 2-yg;wdkYudk toD;oD; txiftjrif aygufatmif
tm;xkwfMuav/
xdk<uif;aomaum|mowdkYwGif arG;nif;rSwpfyg;aom 18-
yg;aom yx0Daum|mowdkYü edrdwfBuD; 2-yg; BuD;us,fvS\/
1/ oP²meedrw d rf nfonf tPkjrLrQ txnf0w¬Kj'Af oP²mef
xifjrifvmvQif oP²me-edrdwfBuD;yifwnf;/
2/ oEÅwd-edrdwfrnfonfum; þ0w¬Konf 1-rdepf wnf
ae\? 1-em&D wnfae\[k xifjrifvmvQif oEÅwd edrdwfBuD;
yifwnf;/
rkefnif;aphi,fawGudk awmifBuD;zkH;zdí xm;bdouJhodkY
t[kwf trSef&Sdaom y&rwf"mwfawGu t[kwftrSef&Sd r[kwf?
pdwf0dnmOf vkyfMuHvSnfhpm;í jyrIESifh xifjrifí ae&aom xdk
edrdwfBuD; 2-yg;wdkYonf zkH;tkyfuG,fumí xm;tyfukef\? y&rwf
"mwfBuD;awGudk &Sif;&Sif;vif;vif; azmfxkwfí edrdwfBuD;awGudk
ÓPfESifh oefoefrIwfvTifhí ypfMuav? trkdufarSmif rnfonfudk
t&miftvif;onfom i,fEikd jf zpf\? nOft h cg wdu
k cf ef;ü jynfí
h
aeaom arSmifvkH; arSmifcJBuD;udk t&mifwpfckonfom Edkif\?
ta&mifrSwpfyg; xdkarSmifudkEdkifaom t&mr&Sd? AkH;BuD;ç tajrmuf
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 403
BuD;ESifh ypfcGif;í zsufpD;aomfvnf; aysmufysufatmif rwwfEdkif?
rD;a&mifvmcJhvQif tPkjrLrusef cPcsif;uG,f aysmuf\/
xdtYk wl edrw d aå rSmifBu;D udv
k nf; "mwfoabmudk jrifaom
ÓPfa&mifonf i,fEdkifjzpf\? ÓPfa&mifay:vQif tvdkvdkuG,f
aysmuf\? edrdwåarSmifBuD; zkH;vTrf;rIqdkonfESifh t0dZÆm-arm[
arSmifBuD; zkH;vTrf;rIonfum; twlwlyif? pdwfoEÅmefü oar®m[
w&m;Bu;D &Sad eaomaMumifh pdw0f n d mOfonf xdek rd w
d å arSmifBu;D awG
udk zefqif;Edik af vonf? pdwo f EÅmefü "mwftjrifaygufaomÓPf
wpfpwpfpay:vmvQif oHarm[w&m;Bu;D wpfpwpfp jy,faysmuf
\? pdwf0dnmOf vSnfhpm;rIvnf; wpfpwpfp uG,faysmuf\/
xdo k ar®m[w&m;Bu;D aMumifh pdw0f n d mOftrIjzpfaom edrw d å
arSmifBuD; 2-yg; tNrJxifjrifí aeojzifh-
1/ edpö'd|dBuD;ç
2/ twå'd|dBuD;ç
2-yg;wdkY rif;rlíaeukef\? xdk'd|dBuD;wdkYrS 'kp½kduf 10-
yg;wdkYonf xGufay:Muukef\? 'kp½kduf 10-yg;wdkYrS tyg,fb0ç
tyg,fcE¨mwdkYonf jzpfukef\/
'd|ad b;Bu;D ç 'kp½ku
d af b;Bu;D ç tyg,fab;Bu;D wdu Yk kd aMumuf
vefYMuukefrlum; "mwftjrifaygufaom ÓPfa&miftvif;u
tifwdkuftm;wdkuf xlaxmifMuavukef/
wd r f o vmzk H ; aom rsuf p d
rsupf Ed pS b
f ufü yom'½kyMf unfukd wdro f vmBu;D xlxyfpmG
zk;H vTr;f vsu&f adS omolonf aeYaMumifaMumifrmS yif arSmifBu;D 0dik ;f í
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 404
ae\? arSmifBuD;udkom jrifí ae\? xdkolxifjrifíaeaom arSmif
BuD;um; aeYaMumifaMumifjzpfí t[kwf&Sdaom arSmifr[kwf?
xdkolpdwf0dnmOf xifrdxif&m jrifrdjrif&m r[kwfw½kwfBuD;ç rwl
w,lBuD; oufoufomwnf;? rsufpOf;aq;0g;udk tm;xkwfrSD0Jí
wdrfovm uGmaysmufojzifh twGif;ü yom'½kyfMunfay:ívm
vQif xdk0dkif;íaeaom arSmifxkBuD; tvdkvdk yaysmufav\/
1/ rsufpdrjrifolESifh þowå0gwdkYonf wlukef\/
2/ rsufpdESifh pdwfoP²mefonfwl\/
3/ yom'½kyfMunfESifh yuwdÓPfonfwl\/
4/ wdrfovmESifh t0dZÆmoar®m[ w&m;BuD;onfwl\/
5/ pdwfa&S;½I&m t&yf 10-rsufESm0dkif;í aeaom arSmifBuD;
ESifh edrdwfBuD;wdkYonf wlukef\/
owå0gwd\ Yk yuwdaompdw0f n d mOfrnfonf t[kwt f rSef
udk [kwfrSefonfhtwdkif; xifjrifíaerI tvGefenf;yg;\? r[kwf
rrSef xifjrifíaerIum; wpfa,mufwpfa,mufrSmyif teEÅrsm;
jym;\/
onf ; ajcysuf a om t½l ;
onf;ajcysufí tvGefBuD; azmufjyefíaeaom t½l;\
pdwfonf rD;udk a½Txif\? a&jyifudk ajrjyifxif\? aumif;uifudk
a&jyifxif\? opfyif awmcsKHawGudk a½TbkHa½Teef;awG xif\?
xdkxifjrifrIonf pdwf0dnmOf vSnfhpm; oufoufomwnf;? "mwf
tjrif raygufaom ykxkZOfowå0gwdkY\ pdwfonf xdkt½l;pdwfESifh
xyfwyl ifwnf;/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 405
t½l;\ pdwfrSm bmrSr[kwfç bmrSr½Sdaom aumif;uifudk
a&jyifBu;D ç yifvnfjyifBu;D t[kwt f rSef xifjrifíaerIEiS hf ykxZk Of
owå0gwd\ Yk pdwrf mS edrw d Bf u;D 2-yg; xifjrifíaerI wlv\ S ? ½ky"f mwfç
emrf"mwfwo Ykd nfom t[kw½f Sd trSe½f Sd jzpf\? xdt k [kw½f dS trSe½f Sd
wdkYum; rsufawmifwpfcwf vQyfwpfjyufrQ cdkifjrJaom edpörsKd;
r[kwu f ek ?f tvdo k Ykd vdu k yf gwwfaom twårsK;d r[kwu f ek ?f tedprö sK;d ç
tewårsK;d wdo Yk m jzpfuek \ f ? edrwd Bf u;D 2-yg;wduYk m; t[kw½f dS trSe½f dS
r[kw?f pdw0f n d mOf xifcsiw f wfwikd ;f xifjrifíaeaom txnfj'Af
BuD;jzpfí edpötaeç twåtaexifjrifí aeMuukef\/
edrw d Bf u;D 2-yg; qdo k nfum; txnfj'yf r[kwaf om ½kyf
"mwfç emrf"mwfuykd if txnfj'yfjyKvyk í f xifjrifaom trIwnf;?
t½l;onf aumif;uifBuD;i,fudk a&[lí twyfxifjrif\? t½l;
xifonftwdkif;? a&r[kwfonftwGufaMumifh a&udpöü toHk;
oufoufrus? a&[kxifjrifcsufESifh trufBuD; tpJGBuD; wpfck
jzpfae½krH Qom½S\ d ? xdt Yk wl owå0gwdo Yk nf ½ky"f mwfç emrf"mwfwu Ykd kd
edrw d Bf u;D 2-yg;jyKvyk í f edpçö twåxifjrifí aeMuuke\ f ? owå0gwdYk
xifjrifonfhtwdkif; r[kwfonfh twGufaMumifh xdk½kyf"mwfç emrf
"mwfwdkYonf edpöudpöç twåudpöESifh oufouftoHk;rusukef/
edpöudpöç twåudpö qdkonfum;- m;-apmifha½SmufrIç axmuf
yHhrIç arG;jrLjyKjyifrIwdkYeSifh tcsif;cyfodrf; vGwfuif;í tESpf 1-&mç
tESpf 1-axmifponfjzifh owå0gwdkY tvdk½SdorQ umvywfvHk;
rd;k BuKd ;yif ypfaomfvnf; azmufjyefjcif;r½Syd J yuwdtwdik ;f wnfaerI
onf edpöudpöç twåudpörnf\? ½kyfcE¨mç emrfcE¨mwdkYü xdkudpö 2-
csuf oufoufr½Sd/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 406
qD r D ; awmuf Oyrm
rD;pmç qDç a&eHqDwdkYudk tpJGjyKí jzpf&ç wnfae&aom
rD;awmufonf rD;pmç qDç a&eHqDwdkY avsmhyg;ukefvQif avQmhyg;&
awmhonf? rD;pmç qDç a&eHqD- wdkYukefqHk;vQif aoqHk;&awmhonf?
rD;pmç qDç a&eHqDwdkYESifhuif;í tuwdtaeESifh rsufawmif
wpfcwfpmrQ wnfwHhí raeEdkif? ao&av\/
rD;pmç qDç a&eHqw D yYkd if tjynft h pH½k MdS uukeaf omfvnf; avç
a&-tp½Sad om tEÅ&m,f zsuq f ;D jyefvQif cPcsi;f aoqH;k jyefonf/
xdEk iS xhf yfwl owå0gwdYk ½kycf E¨mç emrfcE¨mwdo Yk nf trd0rf;üç
trdudk,fü jzpfukefaom Owkç tm[m&wdkYudk tpGJjyKí jzpf&ç
wnf&ukef\/ xdkOwkç tm[m&-wdkYESifhuif;í rsufawmifwpfcwf
pmrQ wnfwhHpGmraeEdkif? ysufqHk;&ukef\? zGm;jrifonfrS aemufü
vnf; xrif;tpma&pmwdkYrS jzpfukefaom Owkç tm[m&wdkYudk
tpGJjyKí jzpf&wnf&ukef\? xdkOwkç tm[m&wdkYESifhuif;í rsuf
awmifwpfcwfpmrQ tZÑwåcE¨mwdkYonf wnfwHhpGm raeEdkifukef?
ysuq f ;kH &uke\ f /
xd k O wk ç tm[m&wd k Y axmuf y H h r I ½S d a euk e f a omf v nf ;
ud,k wf iG ;f tEÅ&m,fç ud, k yf tEÅ&m,fwYkd tjyif;txef xdyg;cJjh yef
vQif cPcsif; ysufqHk;&jyefukef\/
udk,fwGif;ü xrif;a&pmwdkYrS jzpfyGm;aom Owk- [laom
"mwfr;D ç tm[m&-[laom "mwfqw D EYkd iS hf uif;vsuv f nf;aumif;ç
twGif;tytEÅ&m,f jyif;xefpGm xdyg;vsufvnf;aumif;ç azmuf
jyefjcif;r½SdbJ rdrdwdkY\ edpö*kPfowåd tpGrf;ESifhaomfvnf;aumif;ç
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 407
owå0gwdkY\ tvdkodkYvdkufygrl-[laom twå*kPf-owådtpGrf;ESifh
aomfvnf;aumif;ç owå0gwd\ Yk tvdo k v Ykd u
kd yf grI-[laom twå*P
k -f
tpGrf; ESifhaomfvnf;aumif; yuwdtaetm;jzifh rsufawmif
wpfcwfpmrQ wnfaeEdkifrI r½SdMuavukef/
þavmuwGif a&owå0gç ukef;owå0gwdkYü toufarG;rI
udpö tpmtm[m& ½SmrDS;pm;aomufrIudpöç udk,fwGif;udk,fy
ab;tEÅ&m,fwu Ykd kd tNro J wdjyKru I pd ?ö þocFg&'ku© udpBö u;D wdEYk iS hf
aeY&uf½SdorQ Muyfwnf;pGm aMumifhMupdkufxkwfí aeMuonfum;
'd|rsufjrifaywnf;/
xdkocFg&'ku© udpöBuD;wdkYudk vTwfxm;í rdrdcE¨mwdkY\
edpö*kPfowådç twå*kPfowåd oufoufESifh wpfoufvkH; wnfae
Edik af omol[í l avmuü wpfpw Hk pfa,mufrQr½S?d wpfaeY wpf&ufrQ
raeEdkifMu? wpfBudrfrSD0Jaomtpm tm[m&"mwfpm\wpfudk,f
vHk;ysHUESHUaxmufyefYrIonf vlwdkYü 7-&uf[l\? ewfwdkYü 1-vç 2-
vç[l\? xd"k mwfqD tvsOjf ywfonfah emuf rsuaf wmifwpfcwfrQ
tZÑwåcE¨mwdkY rwnfEdkifukef? OwkZ½kyfMurf;wdkYonfom olao
aumiftjzpfESifh usef&pfukefawmhonf/
edrdwfBuD; 2-yg;wdkYonf xdkcE¨mwdkY\ xdkuJhodkYaom ysufqkH;rI
udt k PkjrLrQ wm;jrpfcck EH ikd Mf uonf r[kwu f ek f þowå0g taygif;
wdkYonfrlum; ocFg&'ku©rIBuD;awGESifh tMuyftwnf;aMumifhMu
pdkufEdkifvSí cE¨mtpOfryswfbJ ESpfv&SnfMum touf&Snfí
aeMu&ygonfukd edrw d Bf u;D wd\Yk edpt ö pGr;f ç twåtpGr;f ç ZD0tpGr;f -
[kxifrSwfarSmufrSm;íaeMuukef\? cE¨mwdkYonfvnf;aumif;ç
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 408
edrdwfwdkYonfvnf;aumif; tu,fí tvdkvkdufrI-[laom twå
tpGr;f ½SMd uukeo f nfjzpft?YH xdck E¨medrw
d w
f Ykd onfjyKjyifrEI iS Yf uifíyif
owå0gwdkY\ aevdkorQ ESpfç v-rsm;pGm 1-&m 1-axmif ponf
wnfaeMuukef&monf/
owå0gwd\ Yk tvdo k ufoufEiS Yf 1-&uf 1-em&D wnfaeMu
onfr[kwfukef? xdkaMumifY twåtpGrf; [lí tPljrLrQ r½SdMu
onfudk rkcsodjrifEdkif\/
tu,fí 1-aeY 1-&uf ½SnfEdkifaom touf ZD0 ½SdMuukef
onfjzpftHY? 1-aeY 1-&uf twGif;rSm rdk;BudK; 100-qdkifí ypfaomf
vnf; xdck E¨mwdYk rysuu f ek &f m? tu,fí 1-&uf 2-&uf ½SnEf ikd af om
toufç 3-&uf½SnfEdkifaom toufç 1-v½SnfEdkifaom touf
ponfqakd v? tu,fí tESpf 100-½SnEf ikd af om toufZ0D ½Su d ek f
jzpftHY? xdkcE¨m xdkedrdwfwdkYonf jyKjyif arG;jrLrIESifY uif;íyif tESpf
100-½SnEf ikd u f ek &f m\/
tESpf 100-\twGif;rSm rdk;BudK; 100-yif qdkifí ypfaomf
vnf; rysufEdkifMuukef&m? xdkokdY rysufEdkifukefonfum; r[kwf?
tm[m&tvsOf jywfcJYvQif b,ftcgrqdk ysufqHk;Muukef\/
tEÅ&m,fjyifxefpGm xdcdkufvQifvnf; b,ftcgrqdk ysufqHk;Mu
ukef\? xdkYaMumifY 1-em&D ½SnfEdkifaom toufZD0[lí tPkjrLrQ
r½S?d 1-&ufponf ½nfEikd af om toufZ0D rSm a0;pG? apmifaY ½SmufrçI
arG;jrLrIç jyKjyifrI tpGrf;oufoufESifYom aeYç &ufç vç ESpf-t½Snf
wnf½SdEdkifMuukefonf[k rkcsod&m\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 409
cE¨mwdoYk nf twå[w k yf guke\ f ? twåreS yf guke\ f / aumif;
aumif;jyKjyifí ay;cJyY gvQif tEÅ&m,fvnf; uif;cJyY gvQif touf
wrf; ½So d rQjynfrY ½D Hk tvdo
k vYdk ukd yf guke\ f ? cE¨mwdo Yk nf yk*Kd¾ vf [kwyf g
ukef\? owå0g [kwfygukef\/ ig [kwfygukef\? ig[kwfaom
aMumifYyifvQif igYtvdkokdY vkdufygukef\? cE¨mwdkYukd igtpdk;&yg\?
igYukd,f[kwfyg\? igESifhcE¨m wpfckwnf;yifjzpf\? igYtvdkokdY vdkuf
MuyHkum; wpfoufvHk; ig\cE¨mwdkYESifYyif igtvdk½Sd&m jyKvkyfí
vmcJYonf? a½SUtzdkYvnf; touf½SdorQ umvywfvHk; igYcE¨mwdkY
ESiyYf if igtvd½k &dS m jyKvyk íf oGm;&ygvdrYf OD;rnf[k qdMk uukejf im;tH/Y
xdpk um;ü aumif;aumif;jyKjyifíay;cJv Y Qiçf tEÅ&m,fvnf;
uif;cJYygvQif toufwrf;½SdorQ jynfYrD½kH tvdkokdY vdkufygukef\-
[laomtqdkrSm jyKjyifíay;ygvQif tvdkokdY vdkufEdkifMuukefonf?
jyKjyifí ray;cJYvQif tvdkokdY rvdkufEdkifMuukef-[k qdk&mMu\?
tvdk\tpGrf;ESifY tvdk½Sdwdkif; rNyD;pD;EdkifaomaMumifY jyKjyifrIukd
y"mexm;\? tvdkokdYvdkufaom tjcif;t&m xifjrif&onfrSm
jyKjyifrI\ tpGrf;oufoufom? tvdk\ tpGrf;r[kwf? tvdkokdY
vdu k rf qI o kd nfrmS pdwx f if oufoufom[k xdpk um;ESiyYf if xif½mS ;
NyD;jzpfownf;? odrfarGUvS\/
cE¨mwdkYonf yk*¾dKvf [kwfygukef\? owå0g [kwfygukef\?
ig[kwyf guke\ f -[laom pum;ü edrw d Bf u;D 2-yg;wdo Yk nf cE¨m[kwf
Muygukev f Qif "mwfBu;D 4-yg; [kwMf uygukev f Qif cE¨mwdoYk nf? yk*Kd¾ vçf
owå0gç ig[kwaf y uke&f m\? edrw d Bf u;D wdo
Yk nf cE¨mr[kw?f "mwfBu;D
4-yg;r[kw?f bmrSr[kwu f ek ?f aumif;uifuadk &jyif-[k t½l;\pdwf
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 410
azmufjyefrIESifYxyfwl rdrdwdkY pdwf0dnmOf vSnfYpm;rIoufouf
jzpfaMumif;ukd a½S;ü xif½mS ;pGm jyqdck NYJ y?D tedprö sKd ;jzpfaom cE¨mwdçYk
"mwfwdkYukd edpörsdK;jzpfaom edrdwfBuD; 2-yg;wdkY vGrf;NcHKí aeukef\?
edrdwfBuD; 2-ygwdkY\tay:rSm yk*¾dKvfç owå0gç a,mufsm;ç rdef;r-
[laom owåynwfBuD; xyfqifYí ae\? odrfarGUpG/
arSmifEiS rYf ;D a&mif OyrmuJo Y Ydk "mwfBu;D 4-yg;wdu
Yk dk Oyg'fpeG ;f ç
bifpGef;wdkYESifYwuG xif½Sm;pGm jrifEdkifMurS xdkedrdwåynwfç owå
ynwfwdkYtvkdvdk uG,faysmufukefownf;? cE¨mwdkY ig[kwfaom
aMumifyY ifvQif igYtvdo k Ydk vdu
k yf guke\ f ? igwpfoufv;kH igYcE¨mwdEYk iS Yf
yifvQif igtvdk½Sd&m jyKvkyfí vmcJYonf[laom pum;ü aemuf
aemuf aeY&ufwdkYü tvdk½Sd&m BuHrIç zefrIç ajymrIç qdkrIç ukd,f
t*FgBuD;i,f vIyf½Sm; oGm;vmjyKvkyfrI tvHk;pkHwdkYonf a½S;a½S;aeY
&ufwdkYu tpma&pm ponfwdkYESifY arG;jrLjyKjyifrIwdkY\ tpGrf;
aMumifYom aemufaemufaeY&ufwdkYrSm jzpfay:Edkifukef\? tvdk\
tpGrf;owdåaMumifY tvdkokdY vdkufEdkifMuaom tpGrf;½SdMuukefí
aemufaemufaeY&ufwdkYü jzpfay:Edkifukefonf r[kwf? a½S;a½S;
aeY&ufwdkYü arG;jrLjyKjyifrI r½Sdygrlum; tZÑwåcE¨m 5-yg;wdkYonf
a½S;a½S; aeY&ufwdkYü trd0rf;u zGm;jrifprSmyif csKyfysuf ukefqHk;Mu
uke&f m\? aemufaemufaeY&ufoYdk ra&mufvmMuuke&f mNy?D rsujf rif
uJYokdYyif xif½Sm;vSyg\/
qd k z G , f t xl ; um;
ocFg&w&m;rsdK;rnfonf b,fvkdjyKvQif b,fvkdjzpf\-[k
odí tvdk½Sd&m jzpfvm&ef jyKjyifay;vQif tvkd½Sd&mjzpfvm\?
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 411
jyKjyifrEI iS u
Yf if;í tvdo k ufoufEiS Yf jzpfvmonfr½S?d rE¨mwfrif;Bu;D
onf vufyrf; aygufcwfvdkufvQif aumif;uifrS &wemrdk;&Gmvm
&onf-[l&mü xdkokdYjzpfEdkif&ef a½S;a½S;b0wdkYü uHtxl;ukdjyKrIç
vufyrf;aygufcwfr-I [laom jyKjyifro I m &wemrd;k &GmrI jzpfvmonf?
tvdkoufoufjzifY jzpfvmEdkifonf r[kwf/
1/ b,ftrIukdjyKvQif b,f[mjzpfvm\[k odrIwdkYum;
onmç 0dnmOfç ynm-wdkYaywnf;/
2/ jyKjyifrIwdkYum; apwemç 0D&d,-wdkYaywnf;/
xdkw&m;wdkYonf edrdwåynwfrsdK;vnf; r[kwfukef? yk*¾vç
owåç twåç ZD0-ynwfrsKd ;vnf; r[kwu f ek ?f wpfxikd w
f iG ;f ç wpfem&D
wGif;rSmyiftcg 1-&mru csKyfaysmuf jyufqHk;rItNrJ½Sd aeMuukef
aom y&rwf"mwfrsdK;ç tedpö"mwfrsdK;wdkYomwnf;? xdkYaMumifY
xdk"mwfwdkYvnf; wpfpHkwpfckukdrQ odwwf jyKjyifwwfaom yk*¾dKvfç
owå0g r[kwfMuukef? xdk"mwfwdkYrS wpfyg;vnf; wpfpkHwpfckukdrQ
odwwf jyKjyifwwfaomyk*¾dKvfç owå0g-[lí toD;tjcm; r½SdNyD?
odrfarGUvS\? onmç 0dnmOfç ynmç apwemç 0D&d,-wdkYukd "mwf
toD;tjcm;taeESifY ÓPftjrifaygufcJYvQifþ tcsufBuD; acsm
armvwåHU/
(þwGifa&GUum; qHyifrS<uifaom yx0Daum|mowdkYwGif
ta&ç tom;ç t½dk; tp½Sdaom aum|moBuD;wdkYü edrdwfBuD; 2-
yg; Bu;D us,v f oS nfjzpfí edpçö "k0çyk*v
¾ çowåçtwåçZD0-txiftjrif
wdkYukd y,fazsmuf&ef tvGefcJ,Of;vSaomaMumifY cufqpfcufydkif;
wdEYk iS w
Yf uGerd w
d Bf u;D 2-yg;y,f½mS ; enf;ukd txyfxyfjy qdv k u kd o
f nf?
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 412
a&ç tom;ç t½kd;ç OD;aESmufç tqkwfç tonf;ç ESvHk;ç tlrç tlodrf
þ 9-yg;onf vdk&if;wnf;/)
(i) "mwf B uD ; 4-yg;ES i f Y bm0emud p ö N yD ; Ed k i f y H k
½kyft|0Do-[k qdktyfaom ½lyu©E¨mw&m; trsm;½Sdygvsuf
"mwf 4-yg;ukdom jyqdkonfrSm "mwf 4-yg;ESifYyif 0dyóemudpö
NyD;pD;EdkifaMumif;ukd pwkuút*FkwådK&fü a[mawmfrlcsuf½Sdaom
aMumifYwnf;/
(u) tx acg tm,o®m &m[kavm a,e b*0g
awEkyouFrd? OyouFrdwGm {urEÅH edoD'd? {urEÅH edodEéH acg
tm,o®EÅH &m[kvH b*0g {w'a0gp ,m p &m[kv tZÑwådum
yx0D"mwk? ,m p Am[d&m yx0D"mwk? yx0D"mwka,0 om?
aewH rr? aeaom[ro®d/ aeaom ar twåmwd ,xmblwH
or®m ynm, '|AÁH? {0 arwH ,xmblwH or®m ynm, 'doGm
yx0D"mwk,m edAÁdE´wd? yx0D "mwk,m pdwåH 0d&maZwd/
(c) ,m p &m[kv tZÑwu då m tmayg"mwk? ,m p Am[d&m
tmayg"mwk? tmayg"mwka,0 om? aewH rr? aeaom[ro®d?
aeaom ar twåmwd ,xmblwH or®m ynm, '|AÁH? {0 arwH
,xmblwH or®m ynm, 'doGm tmayg"mwk,m edAÁdE´wd?
tmayg"mwk,m pdwåH 0d&maZwd/
(*) ,m p &m[kv tZÑwådum awaZm"mwk ? ,m p
Am[d&m awaZm"mwk? awaZm"mwka,0 om? aewH rr?
aeaom[ro®d? aeaom ar twåmwd ,xmblwH or®m ynm,
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 413
'|AÁ?H {0 arwH ,xmblwH or®m ynm, 'domG awaZm"mwk,m
edAÁdE´wd? awaZm"mwk,m pdwåH 0d&maZwd/
(C) ,m p &m[kv tZÑwu då m 0ga,m"mwk? ,m p A[d&m
0ga,m"mwk? 0ga,m"mwka,0 om? aeoH rr? aeaom[ ro®d?
aeaom ar twå m wd ,xmbl w H or® m ynm, 'd o G m
0ga,m"mwk,m edAÁdE´wd? 0ga,m"mwk,m pdwåH 0d&mapwd/
(i) ,awm acg &m[kvbdu©K £rmok pwlok "mwlok
ae0wåmeH e twåe, d o
H rEkyówd? t,H0pk w ö d &m[kvor®'aom
bduK© ? tpäZdÆ wPS?H or®m rmembdor,m tEÅrumod 'kuó © mwd/
teuf u m;-
(u) txacg=xdktcgü? tm,o®m&m[kavm=t&Sif
&m[kvmonf? a,e=tMuift&yf? b*0g=jrwfpGmbk&m;onf?
tw¬=d &Sad wmfr\l ? awe=xdb k &k m;&Sad wmfral omt&yfo?Ykd OyouFr=d
uyfav\? OyouFrdwGm=uyfavNyD;í? {urEÅH=oifhwifhaom
t&yfü? edo'D =d ae\? {urEÅ=H oifw h ifah omt&yfü? edoEd aHé cg=aeNy;D
aom? tm,o®E&HÅ m[kv=H t&Si&f m[ku?kd b*0g=jrwfpmG bk&m;onf?
{wH=þqdv k wåUH aom pum;awmfu?kd ta0gp=rdeaYf wmfr\ l ? &m[kv=
&m[kvm? tZÆwu då m=tZÆwudå oEÅmefüjzpfaom? ,mpyx0D"mwk=
tMuif yx0D"mwfonfvnf;? tw¬d=&Sd\? Am[d&m=tyoEÅmefü
jzpfaom? ,mpyx0D"mwk=tMuifyx0D"mwfonfvnf;? tw¬=d &S\ d ?
{om=þyx0D"mwf2-rsKd;onf? yx0D"mwka,0=ajroabm
oufoufomwnf;? {wH=þyx0D"mwf2-rsKd;onf? e rr=igydkif
Opömr[kwf? {aom=þyx0D"mwf2-rsKd;onf? e [ro®d=igr[kwf?
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 414
{aom=þyx0D"mwf2-rsKd;onf? e artwåm=ig\twår[kwf/
£wd{0H=þodkY? {wH=þyx0D"mwf2-rsKd;vHk;udk? ,xmblwH=
[kwrf eS of nfh twdik ;f ? or®m=auif;pGm? ynm,= 0dyóem ynmjzif?h
'|AÁH=½Ityf\? {0H=þodkY? {wH=þyx0D"mwf2-rsKd;vHk;udk? ,xm
blwH=[kwfrSefonfhtwdkif;? or®m=aumif;pGm? ynm,=0dyóem
ynmjzifh? 'doGm=jrifí? yx0D"mwk,m=yx0D"mwfü? edAÁE´wd=
NiD;aiGY\? yx0D"wk,m=yx0D"mwfü? pdwHå=pdwfonf? 0d&maZwd=
wyfjcif;uif;\/
(cç *ç C-aemuf"mwfBuD; 3-0gusüvnf; þenf;wl
teufay;av/)
(i) &m[kv=&m[kvm? ,awm=tMuiftcgü? bduK© =&[ef;
onf? pwlok=4-yg;ukefaom? £rmom"mwlok=þ"mwfwdkYü?
ae0wåmeH=tESpfom&twår[kwfonfudk? etwåed,H=udk,fESifh
rpyfonfudk? orEkyówd=aumif;pGmjrifav\? &m[kv=&mvm?
t,Hbu d K© =þodjYk rifaom &[ef;ud?k or®'aom=aumif;pGmjrifaom
&[ef;[lí? 0kpöwd=qdktyf\? wPSH=wPSmonf? tpäZÆd=jywfNyD?
oHa,mZeH=oHa,mZOfonf? 0d0¥,d=NyD;jywfNyD? or®m=auif;pGm?
rmembdor,m=rmeudky,fEdkifjcif;aMumifh? 'ku©ó=trsKd;rsKd;aom
0#fqif;&J\? tEÅH=tqHk;udk? tumod=jyKEdkif\/
yx0D"mwka,a0om-ygXfü t"dyÜg,fum;-
ajrBuD ; çawmçawmif - ponf w d k Y ü &S d a om Am[d & yx0D
onfvnf; igydkifOpömr[kwf? igvnf;r[kwf? ightwåvnf;r[kwf-
[k xif&mS ;\odYk xdt Yk wl rdrrd rd w
d \
Ykd tZÑwo
å P²mefü&Sad om cufrmrI
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 415
ud&d,mudkvnf; igydkifOpömr[kwf? igvnf;r[kwf? ig\twåvnf;
r[kwf-[k ÓPftjrifü xif&Sm;ap&rnf? yx0D 2-rsdK; xyfwlus
ap&rnf/ tZÑwåyx0Dudk yk*¾dKvfç owå0gç igjzpfí raeapESifh?
ig\ Opömjzpfí raeapESifh? ig\ twåjzpfí raeapESifh-[k {0
ausmufuef vQmvdyfoH jyif;jyif;ESifh cyfwif;wif; a[mawmfrlay
ownf;/
wpf e nf ; wpf z k H "mwk r eod u m& xl a xmif & ef
oD v 0d o k ' ¨ d
tmZD0|ruoDvudk vkHjcKHapí a&S;OD;pGm oDv0dok'¨dESifh
jynfph &Hk m\/
oDv0do'k jd̈ y;D \/
-----------
pd w å 0 d o k ' ¨ d
pdwå0dok'¨drSm wwfEdkifvQif txl;aumif;\? rwwfEdkifvQif
ae&\? Oypm&bm0emç tyÜbm0em-[laom pdwå0dok'¨dudk toD;
tjcm;rvkyfaom a,m*Dyk*¾Kdvfudk oku©0dyóu-a,m*D[k ac:
onf? ok'¨0dyóu-a,m*Dvnf;ac:\? ,ckumvonf oku©
0dyóuacwfwnf;? xdaYk Mumifh oDv0do'k ¨d ae&musvQif "mwkre
odum& xlaxmif&rnf/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 416
xl a xmif y H k u m;
þud k , f ü yx0D " mwf ç tmayg"mwf ç awaZm"mwf ç
0ga,m"mwf[lí "mwfBuD; 4-yg; &Sd\/
ajr"mwfç a&"mwfç rD;"mwfç av"mwf-[lí "mwfBuD;4-
yg;&Sd\ aomfvnf;qdk/
ajr 3-yg;
þü ajronf avmuajrç okwåefajrç y&rwfajr [k 3-
yg;&Sd\/ xdkwGif--
1/ vltrsm;odMuaom odvmyx0Dç yHokyx0D? þajr 2-
yg;onf avmuajrrnf\/
2/ qHyifç arG;nif;ç ajconf;vufonf;-tp&Sad om yx0D
"mwf 20-ajronf okomefajr rnf\/
3/ þajr 2-yg;um; txnfj'yf xifjrif&aom ajrrsKd ;jzpfí
y&rwfajr r[kw?f y&rmPkjrLç tPkjrLrQyifaomfvnf; txnfj'yf
xifjrifvsuf&SdcJhvQif y&rwfajrudk ÓPfrxd? ynwfoP²mefwGif
ÓPfpdkufíae\? txnfj'yf r[kwfaom cufrmrIud&d,m ouf
oufonfom y&rwfajrç tbd"r¨majr tppfwnf;/
avmuajrç okwåefajr 2-yg;ü tedpövu©Pma&; tppfr
0ifEikd ?f y&rwfajr tppfüom tedpö vu©Pma&; tppf0ifEikd o f nf?
tedpv ö u©Pma&; tppfqo kd nfum; 1-em&DtwGi;f rSmyif tcgrsm;
pGm ysurf çI csKyrf çI aoqk;H rIç ukecf ef;rIwnf;? txnfj'yf oP²mefBu;D
jzpfaom qHyifrnfonf 1-em&DtwGif;rSm tcgrsm;pGm csKyfysuf
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 417
ukefqkH;rnf a0;pG? vlaoírS qHyifraoao;? okomefajrrSmyif
waxG;vk;H vk;H aeao;\? qHyifü cufrmrI ud&, d mwpfrsKd ;onf&\dS ?
xdk ud&,d monfomvQif y&rwfajr tppfwnf;? qHyifü xdak jr"mwf
tppfonfru l m; 1-em&DtwGi;f rSmyif tcgrsm;pGm ysucf sKy\ f ? ao\ç
qkH;\ç ukef\ç cef;\ç uG,faysmuf\/
ysufykHum;- m;-xif&mS ;apjcif;Xm ÓPfjzifh qHyifuakd cGíMunf?h
ajr"mwfppf rysufcJhvQif udkif;í nTwfíyifr&? yuwdtwdkif;
awmifhwif;cdkifrmí cHaevwåHU? udkif;í nTwfí &cJhvQifqHyif
twGifü e*dkajr"mwfawG ajrUajrU aMuaysmuf ysufqkH;í ukefNyD-
[k odtyf\? ÓPfpdkufrdcJpG? y&rwfajr"mwf ppfrnfonf
cufrmrIud&d,mrQudkom qdkaomaMumifh qHyifudkacG&mü xdkqHyif
twGif;rSm ud&d,m tajymif;tvJudk jrifatmifMunfh&onf/
ud & d , majymif ; vJ r I qd k o nf u m; m;/ / rmrIud&d,m
tajctaewpfrsKd ; wpfrsKd ; ysuí f ysuí f rmrIu&d ,d m topftopf
jzpfay:í oGm;rIudk ud&d,majymif;vJrIqdkonf/
ud&, d majymif;vJrI xifjrifcv hJ Qif ud&,d ma[mif; ysuq f ;Hk rI
tqifhqifh {uef&Sd\? ysufqkH;rI r&SdcJhvQif ajymif;vJrIr&SdEdkif?
ud&d,ma[mif; ysufqkH;rI tqifhqifhwdkYESifh ud&d,mopfjzpfay:rI
tqifq h ifw
h \ Ykd tul;- tul;-tMum;-tMum;wdüYk tmumo-"mwf
tjcm;tjcm;udv k nf; ÓPfEiS hf jrifatmifMunf?h tmumo-"mwfukd
jrifwwfrS oEÅwdtrQif jywfrnf/
þü ud&d,ma[mif; tqifhqifh ukefqkH;aysmufuG,frIudk
tedpövu©Pmtppfqdkonf? þudpöudkjrifEdkifrS 0dyóemÓPf
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 418
tppfjzpfonf? "mwf\ysujf cif;ç "mwf\csKyjf cif;ç "mwf\aojcif;ç
"mwf\qkH;jcif;ç "mwf\ukefcef;jcif;udk tedpöqdkonf? r&Ptppf
aywnf;? þr&PtppfudkjrifrS 0dyóemÓPf tppfjzpfonf/
(þum; qHyifü y&rwfajr"mwftppfudk jyqdkcsufwnf;?
þenf;udkrDSí a&"mwfç rD;"mwfç av"mwfwdkYüvnf; avmuç
okwåefç y&rwfppf 3-yg; 3-yg;pDxkwfí y&rwf"mwfppf cGJenf;ç
tedpövu©Pmppf cGJenf;ç 0dyóemÓPfppf cGJenf;odav/)
y&rwf " mwf p pf a&"mwf E S p f r wf
y&rwf "mwfppfrQudkom jyqdktHh/ / xdkqHyifü cufrmrI
ud&d,mrQomjzpfaom xdkajr"mwfppf trsm;udk wpfckESifhwpfck
uyfwG,fzGJUpnf;rIonf y&rwfa&"mwf tppfrnf\? þa&"mwf
zGUJ pnf;rIaMumifh txnfj'Af r&Sad om cufrmrIu&d ,d monf rsm;pGm
pkrd cJrdMuojzifh qHyifoP²mef txnfj'Af xifjrif&\? þa&
"mwf\ ysufrIjzpfrIrSm rdrd\rSD&majr"mwfESifh jzpftwlç ysuftwl
ygavawmhonf/
(þum; qHyifü a&"mwftppfudk jyqdkcsufwnf;/)
y&rwf " mwf p pf rD ; "mwf E S p f
xdkqHyifü ylaomtcg ylrIud&d,m oufoufonfvnf;
aumif;ç at;aomtcg at;rIu&d , d m oufoufonfvnf;aumif;
y&rwfrD;"mwf tppfrnf\? þrD;"mwfudkyif usrf;*efwdkYü Owk
[kqdkonf? rSD&m0w¬Kudk avmifrI tNrJ&SdaomaMumifh rD;ac:onf?
rSD&m0w¬Kudk pGJrdvQif om;orD;aygufzGm;rI tNrJ&SdaomaMumifh Owk
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 419
ac:onf? avmursufjrifudkMunfh/
tb,fudkavmifoenf;? rdrdrSD&m ajr"mwfudk tNrJavmif
onf? ajr"mwfum; awaZm\ rD;pmwnf;? pdwu å P© 17-csu&f v dS Qif
rD;pmajr"mwfum; ukeNf rw J nf;? rD;pmukev
f Qif rD;ukeNf r?J Oyg'fonf
aemufXDodkYa&mufvQif ajr"mwfudk pGJrdcJrd\? pGJrdcJrdonfESifh
wpfNydKifeuf om;orD;aygufzGm;\? xdkom;orD; uvmyfpkudk
OwkZuvmyf ac:onf? þrD;"mwf\ tNrJavmifrIç tNrJ½kyfopf
uvmyfopf aygufzGm;rIudk jrifEkdifygrlum; yuwdqHyifüyifjzpfrIç
ysufrI w½G½G aeonfudk jrifvdrfYrnf? qHyifü jrifvQifvnf;
wpfudk,fvkH;ü jzpfrIç ysufrI w½G½G aeonfudk jrifvdrfYrnf? þrD;
"mwf\ ysufrIç jzpfrIonfvnf; rD;pmajr"mwfESifh ysuftwlç
jzpftwlyifwnf;/
(þum; qHyifü rD;"mwftppfudk jyqdkcsufwnf;/)
y&rwf " mwf p pf av"mwf E S p f
rD;½dSvQif t½SdefNrJjzpfí xdkqHyifü rD;"mwf\ t½SdefjzpfrIç
<u½GrIud&d,moufoufonf av"mwfppfrnf\? vIyf½Sm;jcif;½SdrS
xif½Sm;onf? ysufrIjzpfrIrSm awaZmESifh wpfcsufwnf;yif/
(þum; qHyifü av"mwftppfudk jyqdkcsufwnf;/)
'd | d 0 d o k ' ¨ d
vG,fvnf;vG,f\? cufvnf;cufvnf;\? ÓPfpdkufrdvQif
vG,f\? ÓPfrpdkufrdvQif cuf\? þodkYvQif qHyifü trIBuD; 4-
yg;ç ud&,
d mBu;D 4-yg;udk 4-pdwu
f aJG tmif ÓPfEiS chf rJG o
I nf pwk"mwk
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 420
00w¬mef rnf\? qHyifac:aom j'yfoP²mef ÓPfü uG,af ysmufí
oGm;atmif jrifav ÓPfü qHyifj'yfoP²mef uG,af ysmufí "mwf
tpk oufoufom? jrifaomtcg qHyifü twå[lí pGJvrf;aom
ouúm,'d|d uGmav\? qHyifü 'd|d0dok'¨d ÓPfaygufav\/
(þum; qHyifü 'd|0d o d 'k d¨ jzpfyu
Hk kd pHjycsuw
f nf;/ þenf;
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av/)
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wpfu, kd vf ;Hk ü 'd|0d o
d 'k Ó
d¨ Pf wnfaxmifr\ d ? ]]oar®m[0daem'eD
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(þum; 'd|d0dok'¨d t>rufwnf;/)
ucF g 0d w &P0d o k ' ¨ d
uHç Owkç tm[m& tcsufBuD; 3-yg;
ypö , y&d * ¾ [ -ÓPf ü uH ç pd w f ç Owk ç tm[m&-[l í
taMumif;w&m; 4-yg;½Sd\? y#doaE¨tcgü cufrmrIud&d,mç
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d m? þud&, d mBu;D 4-cktpHw
k oYkd nf uHaMumifjh zpfay:uke\
f /
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 421
aywnf;/ rD;awmufukdvnf;aumif;ç rD;cJukdvnf;aumif; aphaph
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uHonf a½S;OD;pGm p-íay;½kHrQomwnf;? tpOfxlaxmifí ay;½kHrQ
omwnf;? p-rdonfaemufü BuD;yGm;ap&ef udpörSm "mwfrD;\
wm0efaywnf;? "mwfu&d,mBuD; 4-yg; ay:vmonf½Sdaomf
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þ"mwfqDonfvnf; om;orD;aygufzGm;rIü vGefpGm pGrf;Ekdifaom
t&maywnf;/
avmuürD;onf tqDrsK;d ESiahf ygif;rdvQif vGepf mG om; orD;
aygufzGm;\? rD;awmufrD;vQHjzpfíx\? tqDonfvnf; rD;ESif;
aygif;rdvQif vGepf mG om;orD;aygufzmG ;\? "mwfr;D ESihf "mwfqw
D u
Ydk m;
tazmf tzufwkdYaywnf;? qDrD;ç a&eHqDrD;ç za,mif;rD;wkdYukd
Munfah v? tppGm uHxal xmifí ay;onfah emuf wpfcPwpfjcm;
½kyfuvmyfcE¨m BuD;yGm;rIonf "mwfqDç "mwfrD;wkdY\ wm0efay
wnf;/
anmif y if B uD ; Oyrm
Oyrmum;- anmifyifBuD;jzpf&mü ao;i,fvSpGmaom
anmifaphonf-tppGm tan§mufi,f uav;jzpfatmif xlaxmif
íay;av\? xlaxmifíay;onfhaemuf xkdanmifaphi,fonf
ykyaf qG;aysmufu,
G af v\? tpOfwidk ;f Bu;D yGm;rIrmS ajrOwkç a&Owk
2-yg;wkdY\ wm0efaywnf;? rkd;aumif;vSaomtcgü vpOf&Gm
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 422
aomrkd;a& onf ajrESifha&maESmí wnfae\? ajrOwkç a&Owk
2-yg;jzpf\? xkdOwk 2-yg;onf xkdanmifan§mufi,fukd tyfi,fç
tyfBuD;ç 0if½kd; vufoef;ç vufñId;ç oP²mef-ponfjzifh wpfaeY
wjcm; BuD;yGm;pnfum;ap\? oHawmif 1-&m½Sdaom anmifyif
BuD;jzpfapí tESpf 5-&mç tESpf 1-axmifwkdifatmif wnfap\/
1/ owå0gwdkY\ ½kyfcE¨mü uHonf anmifaphi,fESifhwl\/
2/ "mwfqDç "mwfrD;wdkYonf ajrwkç a&wkwdkYESifh wlukef\/
anmifyifoP²mefwckvHk; tjynfh&Sdaeaom "mwfrD;onf
ajrOwk r sKd ; wnf ; ? anmif y if o P² m ef wpf c k v H k ; üwnf & S d a om
pdpk w
G af om tap;onf a&OwkrsK;d wnf;? twGi;f ajrOwkç a&Owk2-
yg;wnf;? anmifyif\wnf&m ajrBu;D&Sdaom Owkonf tyajr
Owkwnf;? vpOfrjywf&Gmaom rDk;a&rSjxpfaom ajrwGif;&Sd
pdkpGwfaom trIonf ty a&Owkwnf;? tya&Owk2-yg;wnf;?
tyOwk2-yg;u wGifwGifcsD;ajrSmufaxmufyefY? anmifwGif;&Sd
twGif;OwkESpfyg;u twGifBuD;yGg;ap\? BuD;yGg;apaomfvnf;
rsKd;aph\ wefcdk;tm;jzifh anmifyif\ tjcif;t&m twdkif;om
BuD;yGg;ap\? taoG;ç yqif;ç tudkif;ç tcufç t&GufçoP²mef-
ponftvH;k pHo k nf o&ufyifoP²mefç ydEyJé ifoP²mef ponfjzpfí
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rsKd;aph\ wefcdk;tm;jzifh anmifyif\ tjcif;t&mrsKd;twdkif;om
jzpf&\/ ADZed,mr ac:onf/
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yGg;pnfum;\? ajcmufaoGU acgif;yg;vSaom ajrü aygufa&mufcJh
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 423
vQifaumif;pGm rBuD;yGg;Edkif? OwktwGufwnf;? cyfodrf;aom
opfyifrsKd;ç csKHrsKd;ç EG,frsKd;ç jrufrsKd;ç aumufpyg;rsKd;wdkYüvnf;
þenf;wlyif/
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ajrOwk-a&Owk2-yg;\ qdik &f m tyajrOwk a&Owk2-yg;\ qdik &f m
trIwdkYudk jcm;em;pGm Munfhjrifí xm;bdOD;? owå0gwdkY\ ½kyfcE¨mü
uH\ trIonf anmifyifü rsKd;aphi,f\ trIESifhwlvS\/
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t[m&wdkYrS xdkoP²mefudk twGifaxmufyhHaom ty"mwfqDç
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ESifhwl\? tyrS aeYpOfrsKdtyfaom xrif; a&pmwdkYonf vpOf&Gm
aomrDk;a&ESifhwl\? aphpyfatmifBuHav/
uHç Owkç tm[m&tcsufBuD;3-yg;t>rufNyD;\/
---------
pd w f " mwf t csuf
pdwf\ tcsufum; txl;tm;jzifh vIyf½Sm;rIç oGm;rIç vmrIç
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 424
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ta[mif;awG aorIç qHk;rIç topftopfawG jzpfay:rI tedpö
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 425
jrifMuap&rnf/
y#doaE¨rSpí ur®Z-½kyfuvmyf tpOfrSmrIum; xdkOwkZç
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aphaphESHESH Munfhwwfç odwwf&onf/
(þum; ucFg0du&P0dok'd¨ t>rufwnf;/)
"mwfBuD; 4-yg;ESifh bm0emudpö NyD;pD;EkdifykHudk jyqdkcsufNyD;\/
------------------
(p) "mwf q D ç "mwf r D ; wd k Y u d k trS D j yKí ½k y f w &m;wd k Y ü
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od&aom tcsufpkudk jyqdktHh/
txufatmuf tzdkYtm;jzifh- tued|bHkrS pí r[m
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txk&Sdaom avjyifBuD;? þrQavmufaom Moumoudk "mwfqDç
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bHkrS txuftzdkYonfvnf; teEÅaumif;uife,fom jzpfí
tPkjrLrQ r&SdNyD/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 426
zDvm tzdkYtm;jzifh- atmufavtjyifç a&tjyifwdkYonf
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f nf? xdak wmifw\ Ykd
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tok&mjynf wnf&mt&yfru l m; txl;jzpfaomMoumoaywnf;/
yH o k y x0D r S m rl u m;- ausmufcGuftrsm;ü toD;oD;
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axmifayí ,aeYxufxd jzpfxGef;umaeayonf/
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 427
aMumifh A[d'"¨ mwfqo D nf avç a&ç ajr-paom A[d'0¨ w¬KwüYkd vnf;
okweå Of yedó,enf;tm;jzifh "mwfr;D \tm;Bu;D pGmaom taxmuf
tyHh taz:o[JBuD;wpfckjzpfaMumif;udk od&vSawmhonf/
avmuü OPSawaZm vGeaf om rD;us;D rS tqifq h ifjh zpfymG ;
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f uJo h Ykd
xdkavjyifü uvmyfwdkif;rSmygaom MoZm[laom "mwfqDaMumifh
om "mwfrD;onfvnf; t&SnfwnfEdkif yGm;rsm;Edkifavownf;/
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xdkavjyifBuD;ü av"mefonf "mwfvGefç "mwfay:jzpf\?
rD;"mwfonf ray:vGef;ç rikyfvGef;aom tv,ftvwf rZÑw¬-
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ajr"mwfonf o[Zmwf"mwfw\ Ykd tzGUJ tpnf;udp&ö \
dS ? ajr"mwfukd
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MunfhwwfrS wkpäoabmç oknoabm ay:avonf/
Oyrm-
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 428
ouJo Y Ydk xifjrif&onf? tcsut f vuwdu Yk dk ae&musoí d ÓPfjzifY
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wH;k vH;k yHv
k suf oufouftao xifjrifayonf? ,if;odYk xifonfudk
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odapvdkíom a[mawmfrl&if; jzpfayonf/
þuJo Y aYkd om oabmukd rodMuukeaf om olwo Ykd nf y|mef;
24-usr;f ukd toufxufq;kH Ekw0f ,fiakH omfvnf; þowåavmuç
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tom&tjzpfukd r&dyfrdMuavukef/
av"mwfonf o[ZmwfwdkY\ tm;cGefAvaywnf;?
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þum; txktm;jzifY ,lZem 9-odef; 6-aomif;ç zDvm
tm;jzifY pMum0VmteEÅ wjyifwnf; jzpfymG ;aeaom avjyifBu;D ü
&dwo å abmç wkpo ä abmç oknoabmwdu Yk kd tvif;xif½mS ;atmif
½Ienf;aywnf;/
1/ tedpövu©Pmukd oEÅwdzHk;vGrf;onf/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 429
2/ oEÅwdudk cGgí½IrS tedpövu©Pmay:onf/
3/ 'ku©vu©Pmudk £&d,myx- zHk;vGrf;onf/
4/ £&d , myxud k ppf í Munf Y w wf r S 'k u © v u© P m
ay:onf/
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[k v maom oar® m [0d a em'eD tbd " r® m t|uxmç
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rsm;ukd qdkaytHh/
za,mif;cJü½Sdaom a&"mwfonf ikwf"mwfwnf;? xdka&
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tm;xkwfí ikwfoGm;atmif rD;"mwfwpfyg;jzifY xdíod&rnf/
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tqifYqifYikwfaví a&"mwfonf tqifYqifYay:í vm\?
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csdyfcJü½Sdaom ajr"mwfum; za,mif;cJü½Sdaom ajr"mwfxuf
tm;½Sdonfjzpfí tweftm;½Sdaom rD;"mwfESifYzdrS qkwfikwfonf?
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 430
a&"mwfonfvnf; tweftm;½Sdaom rD;"mwfESifYEdk;rS xEdkifonf/
cJü½Sdaom ajr"mwfç a&"mwf? a½TaiGü½Sdaom ajr"mwfç
a&"mwf? aMu;eDü½Sdaom ajr"mwfç a&"mwf? oHawGcJü½Sdaom
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onfom y"mPaywnf;? ya,m*rIu tm;½Sv d vS Qif zdí rEd;k aom
"mwfç rxaom"mwf[lír½Sd/
zdaomya,m*rIç Edk;aomya,m*rI-[lonfvnf; "mwf
tcsif;csif;vnf; wdkufcdkufí zdEdkif Edk;Edkifyg\/
*gxmrEÅ&m;wefc;kd ç ewf-e*g;-odMum;-jA[®mwdYk ur®0yd guZ
wefc;kd ç &aoh&[ef;wd\ Yk oDvwefc;kd ç opömwefc;kd ç tbdnmwefc;kd -
ponfwdkYudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m;\ wefcdk;jzifY Edk;ay;rlum; jrifhrdk&f
awmif jzpfíaeaom ajr"mwfpak omfrv S nf; ikw&f onf? a&"mwf
pkaomfrv S nf; x& ay:&onf? jrifrY &kd af wmifonf a&tvsijf zpfí
pD;oGm;&onf/
(þum; tzdtEdk;ü jrifEdkifpaumif;aom
enf;t>rufaywnf;/)
þavjyifBuD;üum; bk&m;wefcdk;jzifh av"mwfudkESdyfí
ajr"mwfudkEdk;cJYvQif ajrcJajrjyifBuD; jzpfayonf? a&"mwfudk
Ed;k ay;vQif a&tvsiBf u;D jzpfí pD;oGm;ayonf? rD;"mwfuEkd ;kd ay;vQif
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wdu Yk kd jrifatmif r½IEikd af omolwt Ykd m; xif½mS ;pGmjyKí ½IEikd af pjcif;iSm
jyvdkufaom "mwfaz:enf;aywnf;? þenf;onf t*FkwådK&fygVd
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 431
awmfüvmaom t½Sifom&dykwå&m ½Ienf;aywnf;? þenf;jzifY
"mwf 4-yg;udk xif½mS ;pGm jrifatmif½NI y;D rS a½S;üjytyfaom oknw-
enf;udk½I&aomf tvGefxif½Sm;ayvwåHU/
avtjyif NyD;\/
-------
a&tjyif
txl;tm;jzifY ,lZem 4-odef; 8-aomif;? tjyefYtm;jzifY
pMu0VmteEÅ wpfjyifwnf;wnfaeaom a&tjyifBuD;üum;
a&"mwfonf ay:"mwf? rD;"mwfonf rZÑwå"mwf (tv,f
tvwf"mwf)? ajr"mwfç av"mwfonf ikwf"mwf? a&onf vIyf
½Sm;jcif; ½Sdjim;aomfvnf; tyavwGef;íom vIyf&onf? rdrd\
o[Zmwf uvmyfüygaom av"mwfvGefuJí vIyf&onfr[kwf?
xdkYaMumifY xdka&jyifrSm av'mwfudk tikwf"mwf qdkayonf/
Edkifavmufaom wefcdk;jzifY ajr"mwfudk Edk;vQif ajrjyif
ausmufjyifBuD;jzpfí vmvwåHU? rD;"mwfudk Edk;vQif rD;awmuf
tjyifBuD;jzpfí csKyfvwåHU? av"mwfudkEdk;vQif avyGí yGifYvwåHU?
o[Zmwfypönf;wdkYukd EkwfcGmíMunfYvQif wkpäç okn-tjzpf
xif½mS ;vwåUH /
ajrtjyif
xdktxuf odvmyx0D-ac:aom ausmufzsmtjyif xdkrS
ay:aomjrifYrdk&fç owå&befç pMu0Vm-awmifpkwdkYESifYwuG vlwdkY
ae&m yHoyk x0DtjyifwüYkd um; odvmajrç yHoak jr[laom ajr"mwf
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 432
ay:onf? rD;"mwfvspfvsL½Ionf? a&"mwfç av"mwf ikwfonf?
ay:"mwfwu Ykd dk ESyd í
f ikw"f mwfwu
Ykd dk az:í½Iav? ypö,omr*¾w
D u
Ykd dk
EkwfcGmí½Iav? oknwoabm xif½Sm;vmvwåHU/
þ ajr"mwfe,fum; tued| jA[®mBuD;oP²mefç ewf0wf
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jzpfayí tued|rS atmufwpfjyifaywnf;? owåavmutm;jzifY
um; t0Dpid &JaumifrpS í txuf tued|jA[®moP²mefwikd af tmif
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ajrcJBuD;wdkifatmif ajre,faywnf;? owå0g teEÅudk ESHUEdkiforQ
ESHUjym;atmif xdk;acsí½Iav/
a&S ; enf ; ud k jyaytH h
tued| jA[®moP²mefü ajr"mwfay:\? rD;"mwf vspv f sL
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 433
txl;rSmum;-um;-½lyjA[®maumifqakd om ajrcJprk mS "mwfr;D \
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k &f onf? pMum0Vm teEÅrmS
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[laom tewåvu©Pm xifvif;pGmay:ayrnf/
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tewåm? tewårnf\/
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 434
tedpövu©Pm xifvif;pGmay:ayrnf/
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 435
xdkolonfvnf; nOfharSmifwGif;jzpfí xdkabmhazmifudkyif
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 436
8/ av[kef vdIif;[kef 0J[kefESifh avmuü&Sdaom ab;pkç
9/ abmhwu kd u
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 437
aemufEpS rf pS í opf&u
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1/ a&S;a&S;aeYü rsdKtyfaom tpma&pmüygaom A[d'¨
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 439
ay:ykHrsm;udk trQifjywfatmif jcm;em;í ½I&rnf/
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rpJ csKyuf ,G jf cif;ud?k yóawm=twwfjrifvsu?f {um[H=wpf&uf
rQ? ZD0dwH=touf&Sif &jcif;onfom? aoa,sm=jrwfvSpGm/
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awGU&aomol rnf\? O',AÁ, oabmudk rjrifzl;&aomolonf
bk&m;udk awGU&aomol r[kwfao;/
(þum; tm[m&ESifhpyfí rdrdtZÑwåoEÅmefü
O',AÁ,udk ½IykHwnf;/)
twdwfoHo&mu vmcJh&ykHudkvnf; jrifatmif arQmfav/
aemuf&ufç aemufvç aemufESpfodkY oGm;&vwåHUaom ykHudkvnf;
jrifatmif arQmaf v? &So d rQ owå0gpkuv kd nf; rdro
d EÅmefEiS hf twljrif
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 440
atmif ½Iav? þtm[m&ESifh pyfí ½Ienf;onf wpfb0 wpfb0
wGif y0wådtcgüom &onf? b0topf xlaxmif&efrSmrlum;-
1/ 'geç oDvç bm0em-[laom ukodkvfuH apwemç
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wnf;/
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"mwfqDavmif;íay;rS "mwfrD; awmufí b0opf
ay:Edkifonf/
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awmufí cE¨mawGudk aygufzGm; aponf/
4/ umrukodkvf apwem- [laom "mwfrD;onf vlUbkHç
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aponf/
5/ ½lyukodkvfapwemç t½lyukodkvfapwem-[laom
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vif;vwåHU? b0wdkif; topfavmif;&aom wPSm"mwfqDESifh
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 441
apwem"mwfrD;wdkY\ tcsufawGudkjrifvQif b0topftopf
jzpfumjzpfum wufívmaom O',oabmudk jrif&vwåHU?
b0opf xlaxmifrdvQif umrbHkrSm tm[m&"mwfqDESifh pyfí½I?
½lyç t½lybHkrSm zóm[m&ç 0dnmPm[m&ESifhpyfí½Iav/
1/ twdwfç tem*wfoHo&mudk r[murÇmESifh tydkif;
tydik ;f jzwf/
2/ r[murÇmudk toacsF,suyfESifh tydkif;tydkif;jzwf/
3/ toacsF,suyfudk tEÅ&uyfESifh tydkif;tydkif;jzwf/
4/ tEÅ&uyfudk xdkxdk toufwrf;-[laom tm,kuyf
ESijhf zwf/
5/ tm,k u yf w G i f a&muf & mtouf w rf ; ud k ES p f E S i f h
tydkif;tydkif;jzwf/
6/ ESpfudk OwkESifh tydkif;tydkif;jzwf/
7/ Owkudk vESifh tydkif;tydkif;jzwf/
8/ vudk yu©ESifh tydkif;tydkif;jzwf/
9/ yu©udk &ufESifh tydkif;tydkif;jzwf/
10/ &ufudk y[dk&fESifh tydkif;tydkif;jzwf/
11/ y[dk&fudk em&DESifh tydkif;tydkif;jzwf/
12/ em&Dudk yg'fESifh tydkif;tydkif;jzwf/
13/ yg'fADZemudk jyefESifh tydkif;tydkif;jzwf/
14/ jyefudk c&mESifh tydkif;tydkif;jzwf/
15/ vufzspw f pfwu
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f pfjyufcefrY mS uka#t&mru
tydkif;tydkif;jzwf&rnfyif? 0dok'¨dr*f t|uxm e,
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 442
0dyóemwGifvmaom tm"meedau©y-pom tpD
t&ifESifhaomfvnf;jzwf/
(þum; "mwfqDç "mwfrD;wdkYudk trSDjyKí ½kyfw&m;wdkYü
0dyóemÓPftjrif xdk;xGif;íodyHk taMumif; t>rufaywnf;/)
½kyfw&m;wdkYudk edówåç edZÆD0ç wkpäç okn-oabmrsm;udk
qdkcJhwdkif;aom tpDt&ifjzifh xifjrifEdkifayrlum; xdkxdk½kyfw&m;
wdkYxuf tqrsm;pGmtm;enf;ygaom pdwf-apwoduf [laom
emrfw&m;wdkY\vnf; edowåç wdZÆD0çwkpäçokn-oabmrsm;onf
tvdv k x kd if&mS ;vmvwåUH ? &dvS ykyv f pS mG aom temBu;D \ wkpçä okn-
oabmudk xifjrifayvQif temBu;D \twGi;f ü emzdu Yk sizf Ykd aeaom
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azmf e nf ; zG i f h e nf ;
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a0'eu©E¨mpaom emru©E¨m 4-yg;wdkYü tedpövu©Pm
az:enf; zGifhenf;udk jyqdkrnf/
a0'eu©Em¨ paom emru©Em¨ 4-yg;wdw Yk iG f 0dnmeu©Em¨ onf
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xif&Sm;aom tpOfjzpf\? tMum;ü 0dnmeu©E¨m 0ifcGifhr&?
xdkYaMumifh aemufqHk;xm;ía[mawmfrlonf/
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0dnmPu©E¨mudka&S;xm;aytHh/
1/ axGaxGvmvm? odrIrSm? cE¨m-0dnmOfrSwf/
2/ cHomç rcHom? vspfvsLrSm? a0'em[k-rSwf/
3/ rSwfodvdr®m? rarh&m? onm-[lírSwf/
4/ aphaqmfaMumifhMu? pdkuforQ? ocFg&-[krSwf/
0dnmPu©E¨mü axGaxGvmvm odrIqdkonfum;---
1/ jrifrIac:aom odrI 1-yg;
2/ Mum;rIac:aom odrI 1-yg;
3/ eHrIac:aom odrI 1-yg;
4/ vsufrIac:aom odrI 1-yg;
5/ awGUxdrIac:aom odrI 1-yg;
6/ txif t &S m ; od v if ; MuH p nf r I a c:aom
odrItcsKyfBuD; 1-yg; [lí 6-yg&Sd\/
aqmif y k ' f o H c d y f / /jrifç Mum;ç eHç vQufç awGUç odcsuf? quú
0dnmOfrmS /
jrifcsufç Mum;csufç eHcsufç vQufcsufç
awGUcsuçf odcsu-f [lí0dnmPquú yGg;\/
1/ jrifrIum; rsufpdüay:aom "mwfwnf;/
2/ Mum;rIum; em;üay:aom "mwfwnf;/
3/ eHrIum; ESmacgif;üay:aom "mwfwnf;/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 444
4/ vQufrIum; vQmüay:aom "mwfwnf;/
5/ awGUrIum; twGif;ty wpfudk,fvHk;üay:aom "mwf
wnf;/
6/ odrIum; ESvHk;üay:aom "mwfwnf;/
xd0k n
d mPquúww Ykd iG f aemufq;kH jzpfaom odrBI u;D 5-yg;rS
toD;tjcm; odrIBuD; 1-yg;[lí aygif;6-yg;&Sdjyef\/
1/ jrif-odç 4/ vsuf-odç
2/ Mum;-oçd 5/ awGU-odç
3/ eH-odç 6/ tvGwf-odç
[lí aemufqHk;tod 6-yg;&Sdjyef\-[lvdk/
xdkwGif jrifç od 2-csuf jzpfyHkum;-
xdkxdktqif;rsdK;wdkYESifh wdkufqdkifrdMuaomtcg rsufpdjrifrI
a&S;OD;pGmjzpf\? aemufü ESvHk;rS odrIBuD; qufvufjzpfyGg;\?
opfyifjrifí opfyifreS ;f od&mü rsupf \ d qdik &f maywnf;? odru I m;
raem ESv;kH \qdik &f maywnf;? jrifrt I cduk üf xdyk *k Kd¾ vx
f nf opfyif
ygwum; [lírodao;? odrItcdkufodkY a&mufrS xdkyk*¾dKvftm;
opfyifBuD;bGm;ceJay:\? ay:aomtcgrSpí xdkopfyifrSm odrI
aygif;rsm;pGm us,fyGg;í oGm;ay\? rsufESm rvGJjcif; jrifrIç odrI
txyfxyf tvnfvnfjzpfí aeMu\/
yuwdvlwdkYonfum; jrifrIç odrIç 2-yg;udk jcm;em;í
rodEdkifMuukef? rdrdwdkYudk,fü jzpfBuKHí aeMuaom trIrsdK;jzpfaom
aMumifh ÓPfESifh tcsuf&Smí Munfhwwfaom ynm&SdwdkYonfum;
jcm;em;í odjrifEdkifMu\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 445
(þum; jrif-od 2-csuzf ufpyfyw kH nf;? þenf;udk trSND yKí
Mum;-od 2-csufç eH od 2-csufç vQuf od 2-csufç awGUod 2-csuf
qufpyfíjzpfyHkudk tukefodMuukef&m\/
xdk 5-yg;wdkYESifh uif;í toD;tjcm; odrIBuD;qdkonfum;
jrifqçJ Mum;qJç eHqçJ vQuq f çJ awGUxdqçJ tm½Hwk rYkd S tvGwjf zpfaom
tm½kHrsdK;wdkYudk odrIçMuHrIBuD;aywnf;? þodrIBuD;um; raemESvHk;xJ
wGif pJonf[kr&SdouJhodkY xif&\? tvGefusufpm;&m tm½kHe,f
Bu;D us,v f \S /
(þum; 0dnmPu©E¨mü tusOf;cGJenf;wnf;/)
a0'emu© E ¨ m ü tusOf ; cG J e nf ;
a0'emu©Em¨ ü cHomrIç rcHomrIç vspv f sLrI -[lí 3-yg;&S\
d /
1/ cHomrI qdo k nfum; om,maom cHom;rIç aumif;onf
aumif;onf-[lí csD;rGrf;zG,faom cHpm;rIç cifrif&aom cHpm;rI -
qdv
k o
kd nf/
2/ rcHomrIqdkonfum; rom,maom cHpm;rIç raumif;
raumif;-[lí uJ&h zhJ ,G af om cHpm;rIç rke;f &aom cHpm;rI qdv
k o
kd nf/
3/ vspfvsL cHpm;rIqdkonfum; cHomonfç rcHomonf-
[lí trIrpdkufavmufaom rxif&Sm;aom cHpm;rI qdkvdkonf/
þa0'emu©E¨mudk avmuü--
1/ rsufpdt&om cHpm;rIç
2/ em;t&om cHpm;rIç
3/ ESmacgif;t&om cHpm;rIç
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 446
4/ vsmt&om cHpm;rIç
5/ udk,ft*Fg t&om cHpm;rIç
6/ pdwfraemt&om cHpm;rIç
tm;jzifh 6-yg;jyKí ac:a0:Muukef\? cyfodrf;aom vlç
ewfçjA[®m owå0gtaygif;wdo Yk nf þa0'eu©Em¨ -[laom t&om
6-yg;wdkYüepfrGef;í aeMuukef\/
(þum; a0'emu©E¨mü tusOf;cGJenf;wnf;/)
onmu© E ¨ m ü tusOf ; cG J e nf ;
onmu©E¨mü rSwfodvdr®m rarh&mqdkonfum; trd0rf;rS
arG;zGm;onfrSpí þum;trdç þtzç þum;ta&SUç þum;
taemufponfjzifh vltrsm;wdkYajymqdk jyKvkyfMuorQwdkYudk rSwfí
rSwíf wpfaeYwpjcf m; odMum;vdrm® í vmMuaomtrI? awGUzl;çBuKH z;l ç
qufqzH ;l orQukd xif&mS ;XmewdüYk rarYraysmuf pGNJ rx
J if&m;í aerI
tjcif;t&mrsm;udk onmcE¨mqdkonf/
tod t vd r ® m 2-yg;
1/ rSwfodtvdr®m 1-rsKd;ç
2/ wwfodtvdr®m 1-rsKd;ç
[lí 2-rsdK; &Sd\/
1/ onm\ todtvdr®mum; rSwfodtvdr®mwnf;/
2/ ynm\ todtvdr®mum; wwfodvdr®mwnf;//
t&yfa'o trsKd;t½dk;wdkYESifhyif NyD;pD;Edkifaom tod tvdr®m
rsdK;onf onmESifh NyD;pD;\? q&morm;xH oifMum;avhvm
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 447
emcHrSwfom;xm;rIESifh NyD;pD;aom todtvdr®mrsdK;onfum; ynm
aywnf;/
(þum; todçtvdr®m 2-yg; cGJenf;wnf;)
xdkonmu©E¨monf tm½Hktjym;tm;jzifh 6-yg;&Sd\/
1/ ½lyonmç 4/ &oonmç
2/ o'´onmç 5/ azm|AÁonmç
3/ *E¨onmç 6/ "r®onmç þ 6-yg;wnf;/
tqif;oP²mefrsdK;ü odrIç toHrsdK;ü odrIç tESHUrsdK;ü odrIç
t&omrsdK;ü odrIç yx0D-awaZm-0ga,m-[laom azm|AÁrsdK;wdkYü
odrIç xdk 5-rsdK;wdkYrS <uif;aom ukokdvf"r®-tAsmuw"r®wdkYü odrI-
[lí 6-yg;qdkvkdonf/
rsupf td &omudk odrçI em;t&omudk odrçI ESmacgif;t&om
udk odrçI vQmt&omudk odrçI uk, d tf &omukd odrçI raemt&omukd
odrI[lívnf; 6-yg;jzpf\/
owå0g taygif;wdkYonf þonmESifYyif aeYaeY nn
udpötcGifY tvHk;pkHrsdK;ukd odí odí vkyfBuH&Gufaqmifí aeMu&
uke\f /
(þum; onmu©E¨mü tusOf;cJGenf;wnf;/)
onmod E S i f Y 0d n mOf o d txl ;
þt&mü 0dnmPu©E¨m odrIESifY onmu©E¨m odrIukdvnf;
cJjG crf;&m\/
1/ 6-'Gg&üqdkufwdkufvmaom tm½kHwdkYukd oifum;ajrç
oifum;a&-tp½SdonfjzifY odjrifaz:jyí oGm;rIonf 0dnmOf\
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 448
odrIwnf;? onm\odrIr[kwf/
2/ 0dnmOfaz:jyí oGm;orQukd aemifrarY&atmif rSwrf o I nf
onm\terIwnf;? 0dnmOf\ trIr[kwf/
0dnmOftvdktm;jzifY a½SUokdYawGUBuKHorQudk xifjrifodjrifí
oGm;Edik &f m\? awGUBuKNH y;D ukjd yefí wpfpw
Hk pfcu
k rdk Q odjrifrrI ½Sad v&m/
(þum; onmodç 0dnmOfod 2-yg;wdkY\ txl;wnf;/
ocF g &u© E ¨ m ü tusOf ; cJ G e nf ;
ocF g &u© E ¨ m ü tbd " r® m enf ; tm;jzif Y ocF g &u© E ¨ m tyg
t0ifjzpfaom w&m;rsKd ;onf 50-½S\ d ? okweå ef nf;tm;jzifY apwem
apwoduw f pfcuk dk y"mejyKí jyqd&k \? apwem apwoduw f pfcük
tedpövu©Pma&;ydkifEdkifcJYvQif xdktvHk;pkHwdkYü ydkifEdkifawmYonf?
þocFg&u©Em¨ ü apYaqmfrçI aMumifMY updu k rf qI o kd nfum; owå0gwdYk
\ pdwu f dk rsuaf wmifwpfcwfrQ BurH pI nfru I vdk w T í
f Nird 0f yf&yfem;
vsuf aecGifYr&atmif Edk;aqmfrIç aMumifYMuAsmyg& pkdufxlí tyl
wdkufaqmfMorIaywnf;/
vGefavNyDaom terw*¾oHo&mwGif tonowfbHkü
jzpfcdkufukdcsefvSyfí b0tqufqufudk tukefarQmfav? pdwfw
vIyfvIyfç pdwfw&G&Gç pdwfw<u<uç pdwfwcsDcsDç pdwfwvlvl
aerIudkjrifcJYvQif apwemtrIukd odjrifvdrfYrnf? wpfckckaom
b0wGifpkwd ur®Z½kyf csKyfqHk;&müvnf; rsufawmif wpfcwfrQ
&yfwefYcGifYr&rlí b0topf topfokdY ypfcsrIonf þapwem\
trIaywnf;? þapwem [laom apYaqmfrIç aMumifYMuAsmyg&
pku
d rf u
I dk ukov dk uf çH tukov dk u
f -H [lí qdt k yf\? um,uHç 0pDuçH
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 449
raemuH-[lívnf; qdktyf\/
tm½kt H jym;tm;jzif-Y
1/ ½lyoaOöwemç 4/ &ooaOöwemç
2/ o'´oaOöwemç 5/ azm|AÁoaOöwemç
3/ *E¨oaOöwemç 6/ "r®oaOöwem-
[lí 6-yg;½Sd\/
1/ ½lyg½HktwGufESifY apYaqmfrIç
2/ o'´g½HktwGufESifY apYaqmfrIç
3/ *E¨m½HktwGufESifY apYaqmfrIç
4/ &om½HktwGufESifY apYaqmfrIç
5/ azm|mAÁm½HktwGufESifY apYaqmfrIç
6/ "r®m½HktwGufESifY apYaqmfrI-
(þum; ocFg&u©E¨mü tusOf;cGJenf;wnf;/)
emru©E¨m 4-yg;wdkYü tedpövu©Pm azmfenf;zGifYenf; NyD;\/
------------
(Z) 0d n mOf 6-yg; emru© E ¨ m 4-yg;uk d j yqd k c suf
'k u © o [*k w f um,0d n mOf emru© E ¨ m 4-yg;
]]raemykAÁ*Frm "r®m? raemao|m raemr,m}}
[l a om ygVd a wmf E S i f Y t nD enru© E ¨ m 4-yg;wd k Y w G i f
0dnmPu©E¨monf tcsKyftjcm y"mea½SUoGm; jzpf\? ½lyu©E¨mü
cufrmrI yx0Donf cyfodrf;aom ½kyfuvmyfwdkY\ trmcH{&m
wnfjzpfouJoh Ykd emru©Em¨ 4-yg;wdüYk odr[
I al om 0dnmPu©Em¨ onf
cyfodrf;aom apwodufcE¨mwdkY\ {&mwnfjzpf\? odrIudkrSDí
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 450
cHpm;rIç rSwfom;rIç aphaqmfrI-ponfwdkYonf jzpfyGg;Muukef&m\?
xdkYaMumifh emru©E¨m 4-yg;wdkY\ tedpötcsufudk jyqdk&mü 6-yg;udk
y"mejyKí qdkaytHh/
0dnmOf 6-yg;wGiv f nf; wpfu, kd v
f ;kH tESUH tjym; jzpfEikd af om
um,0dnmOfudk? xdkwGifvnf; tvGefxif&Sm;aom 'ku©o[*kwf
um,0dnmOfukd a&S;OD;pGmjyqd&k m\? ajcz0g;tjyifrS txufi,fxyd f
tjyifwdkifatmif twGif;ty wpfudk,fvHk;onf um,0dnmOfESifh
wuGaom emru©Em¨ 4-yg;wd\ Yk jzpf&mXme csn;f omwnf;? tvGef
xufvSpGmaom tyfoGm;jzifhxdk;í prf;onf&Sdaomf emwwfaom
t&yf[lorQç emrIay:&m t&yf[lorQonf xdkcE¨m 4-yg;jzpf&m
Xmecsn;f omwnf;/
ay:vGifxif&Sm;atmifqdkOD;tHh-
um,0dnmOf[laom a0g[m&onf rm*"bmomodkY
vdkufí ac:aoma0g[m&wnf;? jrefrmbmomESifhac:rlum;
wpfu, kd vf ;kH \odrqI vkd o
kd nf? ajcz0g;ta&udk tyfomG ;jzifx h ;kd vQif
ajcz0g; ta&onf od\? þajz0g;ta&\ odrIudk um,0dnmOf
ac:\?
xdkYtwl---
1/ ajcacsmif;ta&wdkonf odwwfMuukef\/
2/ ajczaemifha&çajczrdk;a&wdkYonf odwwfMuukef\/
3/ ajcovHk;a&ç 'l;ykqpfa&çaygifa& tp&Sdukefaom
tvHk;pHkaom ta&wdkYonf odwwfMuukef\/
4/ 900-aom om;wpfwdkYonfvnf; odwwfMuukef\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 451
5/ 900-aom taMumwdkYonfvnf; odwwfMuukef\/
6/ OD;aESmufcçJ tqkwcf çJ tonf;cJç ESv;kH cJç ausmufuyf
cJçtzsOf;cJçtajr§;vTmç tlBuD;ç tli,fwdkY onfvnf;
odwwfMuuke\ f /
þtvHk;pHkwdkY\ odrIudk um,0dnmOfac:\/
þ odrw I üYkd cE¨m 4-yg;tpHk yg&S\ d ? þpum;ü odrq I akd omf
vnf; yk*¾dKvf\ odrIr[kwfao;? ta&wdkY\ odrIçtom;wdkY\odrIç
OD;aESmufcçJ tqkwcf -J ponfw\ Ykd odro I mwnf;? 0dnmOf 6-yg;cGcJ ef;ü
þodrIudk awGUxdrI[líom ac:&onf? jrifodç Mum;odç eHodç
vsufodçawGUod-[lí tpHktpHk&SdonfwGif awGUod[laom tpHkü
awGUrIom&Sad o;onf? þawGUrIut kd a&wd\Yk odrçI tom;wd\
Yk odrçI
taMum wd\ Yk odrI ponfjzifq h ckd o
hJ nfh aum|mo tjym;odv Yk u
kd íf
cGJrlum; ta&\odrIçESvHk;\odrI 2-yg;cGJ&m\? ta&\odrIudk
awGUxdrIac:\? um,0dnmOfaywnf;/
ES v H k ; \od r I u d k o m od r I a c:\? raem0d n mOf a ywnf ; ?
yk*¾dKvf\odrIum; þESvHk;\odrIodkYa&mufrS ay:\? þESvHk;\
odrIay:vmrSom yk*¾dKvfod od\? þodkYvQif aum|mowdkY\ odrIç
yk*Kd¾ v\
f odrI 2-yg;udk ud, k af wGU'd|tm;jzifh jcm;em;í odMuuke\ f /
y&rw¬tvdktm;jzifhrlum;-yk*¾dKvf[lír&Sd? cE¨m 5-yg;om
&Sd\? xdkYaMumifhyk*¾dKvf\ odrIrnfonfum; ESvHk;tdrfwGif;ü raem
0dnmOf jzpfay:rIomwnf;? xdkYtwl y&rw¬tm;jzifh ta&[lír&Sd?
tom;[lír&Sd? taMum[lír&Sd? OD;aESmuf-ponf[lír&Sd? cE¨m
5-yg;om&Sd\? xdkYaMumifh ta&-paomaum|mowdkY\? odrIrnf
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 452
onf u m; xd k x d k a jcz0g;a&ç ajcacsmif ; a&ç ajczaemuf a &ç
ajczrdk;a&-ponfwdkYü um,0dnmP "mwf\ jzpfay:rIomwnf;?
þodv Yk Qif avmutvdt k m;jzifh yk*Kd¾ vpf um;ajymcJv h Qif yk*Kd¾ vo f nf
odwwf\? yk*¾dKvf\ t*Fgjzpfukefaom OD;acgif;ç ajcvuf-
ponfwdkYonfvnf; odwwfMuukef\/
ta&ç tom;çtaMum-tp&Sad om aum|mowdo Yk nfvnf;
odwwfMuuke\ f ? yk*Kd¾ v\ f odrçI ud, k t
f *Fgwd\
Yk odrçI aum|mowd\ Yk
odrI toD;oD;&SMd uuke\ f -[kajymqd&k m\? y&rw¬tvdt k m;jzifrh ul m;
xdktvHk;pHkudk y,f&Sm;í jrifrI-odrIç Mum;rI-odrIç eHrI-odrIç vsufrI-
odrçI awGUrI-odrçI axGaxGvmvmMurH -I odrçI -[laom tvH;k pHak om
od r I [ l o rQonf xd k x d k u d k , f t *F g ç xd k x d k a um|mot&yf w d k Y ü
taMumif;qdkuf wdkufvm&mjzpfay:Muaom0dnmOf 6-yg;\ trI
oufoufomwnf;-[kajymqdk&m\/
opfyifç csHKEG,fçwHk;wdkifpaom A[d'¨oP²mefwdkYüum; þ
uJhodkYaomodrIr&Sd? odrIr&Sdaom aMumifhvnf;? cHomrIrcHomrIr&Sd?
rSwfom;rIr&Sd? um,uHrIç 0pDuHrIç raemuHrIr&Sd? A[d'¨oP²mefESifh
,SOpf yfí ajymrlum; emru©Em¨ 4-yg;\ trItoD;tjcm; xif&mS ;jzpf
ay:avawmhonf/
ajymyHkum;-
m;-opfyifukd ckwjf zwfcahJ omf jzwfro I m&S\d ? odrçI
emrIç rSwrf çI pdwv f yI &f mS ;rIr&S?d xdak jcvuft*Fgwdu Yk kd ckwjf zwfcahJ omf
jywfrv I nf;r&S?d xdak jcvuft*Fgwd\ Yk odrçI emrIç rSwrf çI pdwv f yI &f mS ;
rIwdkYvnf; &Sdukef\? þtydktrdkrIwdkYudk emru©E¨mqdkonf[k ajym
jyav/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 453
awG U rI 2-rsd K ;
jrefrmwdt
Yk ac:ü um,0dnmOf tawGUtxd[í l ac:onf?
tawGUtxd [l&müvnf; ½kyfcE¨m csif; cdkufawGUqJü jzpfay:aom
odru
I kd tawGU[lí ac:onf? ½kycf E¨mcsi;f cdu
k x
f q
d üJ jzpfay:aom
odrIudk txd [lí ac:onf? ½kyfcE¨mcsif; awGUrI xdrIESifh þum,
0dnmOfac:aom awGUrIç xdrI axG;vkH;íaeMu\? awGUrI 2-rsdK;uGJ
atmif cGJjcrf;Muav? awGUrIESifh xdrIum; twlwlvdkyif/
'k u © a 0'em
jrefrmvdk tac:ü um,0dnmOfESifh twljzpfay:aom
'ku©a0'emudk-
1/ anmif;onf nmonf-[lí ac:\/
2/ emonf usifonf-[lí ac:\/
3/ ,m;onf ,Honf -[lí ac:\/
4/ xkHonf usifonf-[lí ac:\/
5/ udkufonf cJonf-[lí ac:\/
6/ atmifhonf tifhonf eifhonf pl;onf-[lí ac:\/
7/ armonf yef;onf-[lí ac:\/
8/ EGrf;onf e,fonf-[lí ac:\/
9/ ylonf at;onf-[lí ac:\/
þtac:onf ½kyfylç ½kyfat;ESifh axG;vsuf&Sd\? ½kyfylç
½kyfat;xdí rcHomonfudk ylonf at;onf[k ac:\? þodkY
tp&Sdonfjzifh rcHomrI-[laom 'ku©a0'emu©E¨monf jrefrmwdkY
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 454
tac:ü tvGerf sm;jym;\? xdt k vk;H pkaH om anmif;rIç nmrIç usirf -I
tp&S d o nf w d k Y u d k tbd " r® m ü 'k u © a 0'em[k a[mawmf r I \ ?
a0'emu©Em¨ Bu;D awGaywnf;? xdu k m,0dnmOfEiS t hf wl jzpfay:vm
aom onmu©E¨mç apwem[laom ocFg&u©E¨mwdkYudkvnf; a&S;ü
jyqdkcJhNyD;aom cGJjcrf;enf;udk tpOfrSD;í odMuavukef\/
,cktcg rdpmä 'd|t d jrifEiS hf or®m'd|t d jrif 2-yg;udjk cm;em;í
jyqdkaytHh/
ajcz0g;tjyifü ajrç a&ç tkwçf ausmufç ql;ç ajimifçh cvkw-f
ponfxdí odrIç emrI-jzpfay:aomtcgü ajcz0g; ta&ay:
ta&wGif;wdkYü emru©E¨m 4-yg; jzpfay:\? ajcz0g;ta&um;
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apjcif;iSg tzefwvJvJjyqdkvdkufonf?)
emru© E ¨ m 4-yg; jyqd k c suf
{uef[kwfrSefaom y&rw¬tvdktm;jzifhrlum; yk*¾dKvf[lí
vnf;r&Sd? yk*¾dKvf\ t*Fgjzpfaom ajc[lívnf;r&Sd? ta&paom
aum|mo [lívnf;r&S?d cE¨m 5-yg;om trSe&f \dS ? odr[
I o
l rQonf
½lyu©E¨mrsdK; r[kwf? 0dnmPu©E¨mrsdK;omjzpf\? ajcponfwdkYü
twdkuftcdkuf &Sd&mrSm jzpfay:\? xdkodrI jzpfay:&mwdkif;rSm
a0'emu©E¨mç onu©E¨mç ocFg&u©E¨mwdkYonfvnf; vu©PmruGJ
tNrJjzpf ay:Muukef\? þum,0dnmOf emru©E¨m 4-yg;wdkYonf
wpfudk,fvHk;rSm b,fae&mü tNrJ&SdaeMuonf[lír&SdMuukef/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 465
twGif;azm|AÁçtyazm|AÁwdkY xdcdkuf&m xdcdkuf&mwdkif;
twGi;f ty ud, k tf *FgwdüYk cPcP jzpfay:Muuke\ f ? xd cdu
k rf 'I Pf
aysmufwikd ;f cPcPcsKyaf ysmufMuuke\ f ? avmuüvnf; b,fae
&mu ,ckanmif;ívmonf? tanmif;aysmufNyD? emívmonf?
temaysmufNyD? udkufcJí xHkí usOfívmonf? tudkufaysmufNyD?
txHkaysmufNyD? tusOfaysmufNyD? b,fae&mu ylívmonf?
aEG;ívmonf? at;ívmonf? csrf;ívmonf? tylaysmufNyD?
taEG;aysmufNyD? tat;aysmufNyD? tcsrf;aysmufNyD-ponfjzifh
jzpfay:rIç csKyaf ysmufrI tm*EÅK tjcif;t&monf odjrifxif&mS ;Mu
vsuf jzpf\/
emru©E¨mBuD; 4-yg;wdkY\ trI[líom rodMuukefonf?
xdok Ykd rodMuukeo f nfh twGuaf Mumifh ½kycf E¨mç emrfcE¨m uGMJ uukef
onf j zpf í rsuf v S n f h o nf 0d n mOf v S n f h p m;rI vS v S & ojzif h
yk*¾dKvf[líç owå0g[líç yk*¾dKvf\ t*Fg[líç emwwfonf?
usOfwwfonf? emrSef;odwwfonf? usOfrSef; odwwfonf [lí
ajcudyk if touf&o dS nf [líç t&Si[
f í
l ç vufuykd if touf&o dS nf
[líç t&Sif[lí xdkxdk t*Fgudkyif touf&Sdonfodíç t&Sif[lí
r[kwfrrSef azmufjyef pGJvrf;í aeMu ukefonf? tvGefcufcJ
eufeJvSaom t&mjzpfí aumif;pGmxif&Sm;atmif tenf;enf;
tzkzH Hk azmfjyvduk o f nf? tzefzefwvJv[ J k tjypfrwifMuukev f if/h
(þum; ajct*Fgü emru©E¨m 4-yg;udk jyqdkcsufwnf;/)
þodkYvQif ajct*Fgü azmfjyonfhtwdkif;-
1/ ajccsif;0wft*Fg- ta&ay: ta&wGif;ç tom;ay:
tom;wGif;ç taMumay:taMumwGif;ç t½kd;ay:t½kd;wGif;wdkYü
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 466
vnf;aumif;?
2/ ajcovkH;t*Fg- 'l;ykqpft*Fg-aygift*Fg- "g;t*Fg-
0rf;t*Fg ta&ay: ta&wGif;ç tom;ay: tom;wGif;ç taMum
ay:taMumwGif;ç t&kd;ay:t&kd;wGif;ç ttlay:ttlwGif;wdkYü
vnf;aumif;?
3/ &ift*Fg-ausmufuek ;f t*Fg- ta&ay:ta&wGi;f ç tom;
ay:tom;wGif;ç taMumay: taMumwGif;ç t½kd;ay:t½kd;wGif;ç
tonf;ay:tonf;wGif;ç tqkwfay:tqkwfwGif;ç ESvkH;ay:
ESvkH;wGif;wdkYüvnf;aumif;?
4/ vnfyif;t*Fg- OD;acgif;t*Fg- OD;aESmuft*Fg- rsufvkH;
t*Fg-em;t*Fg-ESmacgif;t*Fg-cHwGif;t*Fg-vQmt*Fg-ta&ay:
ta&wGif;ç tom;ay:tom;wGif;ç taMumay:taMumwGif;ç
t½kd;ay: t½kd;wGif; wdkYüvnf;aumif;?
5/ vuf½kH;t*Fg-vufarmif;t*Fgç ta&ay:ta&wGif;ç
tom;ay:tom;wGif;ç taMumay: taMumwGif;ç t½kd;ay:
t½k;d wGi;f wdüYk vnf;aumif; anmif;rI-nmrIç emrIç eifrh çI xkrH -I usOrf çI
udkufrIç cJrIç yifrI-yef;rIç EGrf;rI-e,frIç ylrI-at;rI tp&Sdaom
tvk;H pkaH om 'kuo © [*kwf um,0dnmOf emru©Em¨ 4-yg; wd\ Yk jzpf
ay:rIç csKyfysufaoqkH;rIwdkYudk odMuavukef/
'ku©o[*kwf um,0dnmOf
emru©E¨m 4-yg;wdkYudk jyqdkcsufNyD;\/
--------------
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 467
ok c o[*k w f um,0d n mOf emru© E ¨ m 4-yg;
,cktcg okco[*kwf um,0dnmOf emru©E¨m 4-yg;wdkYudk
jyqdkaytHh/ ylvSwkef;tcgü at;jrvSpGmaom a&\ xdjcif;ç
csr;f vSwek ;f tcgü ylaEG;aomrD;&Sed \ f xdjcif;wdjYk zifh ajcz0g;tjyifücHí
cHíaumif;vSaom okca0'emESifhwuG emu©E¨m 4-yg;jzpfay:\?
ajcz0g;ta&ü&Sad om cufrmrI ponfwu Ykd m; ½lyu©Em¨ wnf;? odrçI
cHíaumif;rIwdkUum; emru©E¨mwkdYwnf;? ½lyu©E¨mESifh emru©E¨m
wdoYk nf 0dy, Ü w
k yå pön;f ç ypö,yk eÜ f jzpfMuuke\ f ? yde;f Mumzuftjyifü
usa&mufwifaeukefaom rdk;a& rdk;aygufwdkYonf ydef;MumzufESifh
a&maESmjcif;r&So d uJo h Ykd ½kyef mrf 2-yg;a&maESmjcif;r&SMd uuke?f ta&ü
cufrmrIç zGUJ pnf;rIç aEG;rIç awmifw h rIç tqif;ç teHçY t&omwdu Yk m;
wjcm;? odrIç cHí aumif;rIwdkYum; wjcm;wdkYomwnf;/
xdkodkYjzpf&mü-
1/ ½ky"f r®ukd roduek af om AmvykxZk Ofwo Ykd nfum; ajcz0g;
aEG;onf? ajcz0g;at;onf-[k odMuukef\? þodkY odjcif;um;
'd|d-odaywnf;/
2/ ynm&SdodwdkYonfum; pifppftm;jzifh ajcz0g;- [lír&Sd?
½kyfcE¨mç emrfcE¨mwdkYonfom &Sdukef\? xdkwGif ½kkyfcE¨mwdkY odjcif;
udpör&SdMuukef? xdkodjcif;ç cHíaumif;jcif;udkum; emrfcE¨mwdkYom
wnf;[k odMuukef\? þodkY odjcif;um; ÓPfodaywnf;/
ynm&SdwdkY\ odrIüvnf; okwr,ÓPfodç pdEÅmr,
ÓPfod-[lí 2-yg;&Sd\/
1/ tbd"r®m usrf;*efwdkYudk aumif;pGmwwfvSí oabm
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 468
ouef aMuvnfacsmarmatmif ajymwwfç a[mwwfç cswwf?
ydkYwwfç qkH;jzwfwwfrIç odrIum; okwr,ÓPfomwnf;ç þ
odrIum; 0dyómemÓPfrsdK; r[kwf? y&d,wådÓPfrQomwnf;/
2/ xkdy&d,wÅdÓPfü wnfí xdkÓPfjzifh odonfhtwdkif;
½IMunfzh efrsm;vwfaomf xdak jcz0g; ylaEG;rIç at;csr;f rIwüYkd rsupf jd zifh
jrifbod uJo h Ykd ½kycf E¨mwjcm;ç emrfcE¨mwjcm; uGu
J jJG ym;jym; xifjrifrI
onfum; pdEÅmr,ÓPfod ÓPfjrif\? bm0emr,ÓPfvnf;
qdk&\? þodrIç jrifrIonfomvQif 0dyómemÓPf rnf\/
þ bm0emt&mü þodkYaom pdEÅmr,ÓPf todtjrif
udkom vdktyf\? þpdEÅmr,ÓPftod tjrifonfomvQif 'd|dudk
y,fowfEikd \ f /
(þum; okwr,ÓPfç pdEÅmr,ÓPf 2-yg;jcm;em;csufwnf;/)
rd p ä m 'd | d E S i f h or® m 'd | d t jrif
xdk AmvykxZk OfwYkd odrçI ynm&Sw d Ykd odrI 2-yg;wdw Yk iG f ½kycf E¨mç
emrfcE¨m-[k rodrlí ajcz0g;tjyif ylonf? aEG;onf? at;onf?
csr;f omonf-[k odjrifru I m; rdpmä 'd|o
d rd sKd ;ç rdpmä 'd|jd rifrsKd ;omjzpf\?
edpo
ö rd sKd ;ç edpjö rifrsKd ; rnf\? okcodrsKd ;ç okcjrifrsKd ; rnf\? twåord sKd ;ç
twåjrifrsKd ;rnf\? y&rw¬tvdt k m;jzifh azmufjyef arSmufrmS ;aom
todrsdK;ç tjrifrsdK; rnf\/
ajcz0g;tjyif-[laom edrdwå"r®BuD;udk y,f&Sm;í ½kyfcE¨mç
emrfcE¨mudk jcm;em;í odrIç jrifrIonfum; or®m'd|dÓPfodrsdK;ç
ÓPfjrifrsdK;rnf\? tedpöodrsdK;ç tedpöjrifrsdK;rnf\? 'ku©odrsdK;ç
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 469
'kuj© rifrsKd ;rnf\? tewåord sKd ;ç tewåjrifrsKd ; rnf\? avmutvdçk
y&rw¬tvdk 2-yg;tm;jzifh ajzmifrh wf[w k rf eS af om todrsKd ;ç tjrifrsKd ;
2-yg; &Sd\/
avmutvdt k m;jzifh ajzmifrh wf[w k rf eS yf u
Hk m; cufrmrIonf
odrIr[kwf? odrIonf cufrmrI r[kwf? cufrmrIum; trIwjcm;?
odrIum; trIwjcm;? cufrmrIum; ½kkyfrIwnf;? pdwf0dnmOf r[kwf?
odru
I m; pdw0f n d mOfrw
I nf;? ½kyrf rI [kw[f k ajymqdck v hJ Qif avmuü
trIwpfrsdK;pD r[kwf[k rjiif;EdkifMuukefvwåUH/
ed p ö o d ç ok c od ç twå o d
½kyfcE¨mç emrfcE¨mwdkYudk þum;½kyfcE¨mç þum;emrfcE¨m-
[k rodrí l 2-yg;pHuk kd ajcz0g;jyKvyk íf odjcif;onf tb,fov Ykd Qif
edpöodç okcodç twåod jzpfavoenf;-[lrlum; ajcz0g;rnfonf
edrdwå"r®rsdK;jzpfí wpfoufvHk;cdkifNrJaom edpö"r®rsdK;wnf;? okomef
odaYk &mufrS qH;k \/ ½kycf E¨mç emrfcE¨m 2-yg;udk wpfoufv;kH cdik Nf raJ om
edpörsdK;[k odvsuf&Sd\/ edpö[lonfowå0gwdkY\ tvdk&Sdtyfaom
okcrsdK;jzpfí ½kyfcE¨mçemrfcE¨mwdYkudk okc-[kodvsuf&Sd\? twå
[lonf wpfoufvHk;cdkifNrJaom tESpfom&rsdK;jzpfí ½kyfcE¨mç emrf
cE¨mwdkYudk ajcz0g;\ tom;tESpf twåçom&-[kodvsuf&Sd\/
ted p ö o d ç 'k u © o d ç tewå o d
ajcz0g;udyk ,f&mS ;í ½kycf E¨m emrfcE¨mwdu
Yk kd cGjJ crf;í odro
I nf
tb,fodkYvQif tedpöodç 'ku©odç tewåodrI jzpfavoenf;-
[lrlum; cufrmrIudk ½kyfcE¨m-[kodcJhvQif tvkyft,SufrcH
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 470
ysuw f wf ajymif;vJwwfaomtedprö sKd ;[koad wmhonf/ ylreS ;f odjcif;ç
aEG;rSe;f odjcif;ç at;rSe;f odjcif;udk emrfcE¨m-[kocd v hJ Qif olt
Y aMumif;
qdkufwdkuf&m jzpfcsnf ysufcsnf twnfr& tedpörsdK;[k xif&Sm;
awmhonf/
tedpö-[lonf r&PrsdK; pifppfjzpfíaMumufvefY&aom
'ku©rsdK;[k odjcif;jzpfawmhonf? tedpörsdK;[lonf tcdkiftrm
tESpo f m&rsKd ;r[kwo f nfjzpfí ajcz0g;uJo h Ykd wpfoufv;kH ysujf cif;
ajymif;vJjcif;r&Sb d J yuwdtaeESiw hf nfaeEdik af om tESpt f om&
twåç ZD0rsdK;r[kwf[kodjrifEdkifawmhonf/
(þrSaemufü 'ku©o[*kwfü jyqdkcJhorQaom tvHk;pHkwdkYudk
tukefqufíodMuav/)
ajcudkom,mpGmyGwfrIç ESdyfrIçoyfrIçe,frIç udkifrIçxdrIç
acsmarGUnHhoufaom t0wft&HxdrIç zsm½dkifoifNzL; tcif;tcif;
tESD; xdrIç acsmarGUnHhoufaom at;csrf;aom vrf;ajrç oJajr
&THUajrxdrI-ponfwdkYüvnf; cHomrIç cHaumif;rI-[kqdktyfaomajc
t&omwdo Yk nf jzpfay:uke\f / xdak jct&omwdo Yk nf okco[*kwf
um,0dnmOfemru©E¨m 4-yg;wdkYaywnf;? ajct*Fgta&ay: ta&
wGif; tom;ay:ç tom;wGif; taMumay:ç taMumwGif; t½dk;
ay:ç t½dk;wGif; tvHk;pHkwdkYü £|jzpfukefaom tyazm|AÁç twGif;
azm|AÁw\ Ykd xdawGUrIwaYkd Mumifh xif&mS ;ç rxif&mS ;aom ajct&om
jzpfay:rIç csKyfysufrIwdkYudk tukeftpifodjrifMuavukef\/
xdek nf;twl ajccsi;f 0wft*Fg ta&ç tom;ç taMumç t½d;k
tvH;k pHw k üYkd okco[*kwf um,0dnmOf emru©Em¨ [laom t&om
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 471
ay:rI? ajcovHk;t*Fg-aygift*Fg cg;t*Fg ta&çtom;ç taMumç
t½dk;ç tvHk;pHkwdkYü okco[*kwf um,0dnmOfemru©E¨m-[laom
t&omay:rI? 0rf;t*Fgç &ift*Fgç ausmufukef;t*Fg ttlwGif;
tonf;wGif; tqkwfwGif; ESvHk;wGif;wdkYü okco[*kwf um,
0dnmOf emru©Em¨ -[laom t&omay:rI? ODacgif;t*Fgç rsuEf mS t*Fgç
cHwGif;çta&ç tom;ç taMumç t½dk;tvHk;pHkwdkYü okco[*kwf
um,0dnmOf emru©E¨m-[laom t&omay:rIçysufrIwdkYudkvnf;
tukefjrifMuav/
acG;ç usD;ç vif;w - Oyrm
avmuü acG;ç usD;ç vif;wwdkYonf rdrdwdkY udk,fwGif;ü
raumif;aom 0#f0dyguf tNrJwdkufwGef;rIaMumifh tvGefpufqkyf
zG,f&Sdaom vlaoykyfç EGm;aoykyfç acG;aoykyfwdkYudkyif tvGefcHkrif
pHkruf Nrdef&SufjrwfEdk;Muukef\? xdkYtwl þowå0gtaygif;wdkYonf
xdkudk,ft*Fg t&omBuD;udk tvGefcifrif pHkrufNrdef&SufvSaom
umrwPSm-[laom tukov kd f 0#fq;kd Bu;D tNrwJ u kd wf eG ;f rIaMumifh
tykyaf umifç tn§aD umifçteHtapmfaumifBu;D rSe;f aMumifaMumif
odjrifMuygukev f suf tcsi;f csi;f tvGecf ifrif Nred &f u
S Mf uavuke\ f /
El e ma&m*gonf B uD ; Oyrm
wpfudk,fvHk; &TJ&TJpdk usdKufusdKufql ElemBuD;&Sdaomoltm;
wpfudk,fvHk; ydk;awGudkufí tNrJ,m;,HrI 'ku©BuD; 1-yg;? ydk;pm;?
ydk;acs;? aoG;ykyfjynfykyfwdkYtwGuf tNrJcsrf;rI 'ku©BuD; 1-yg;?
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 472
þ'ku©BuD; 2-yg; tNrJ&Sdae\? tvGefyltdkufaom uqkef e,kef
0gqdk 0gacgiftcgwdkYüyif &J&JNidaom &Sm;rDBuD; rD;tdk;uif;BuD;udk
rvTwfEdkif? udk,fwGif;toJESvHk;wGif;wdkYrS ydk;awGvIyf<uojzifh
tvGef,m;,HrIç cdkufcdkufwkefcsrf;at;rI jzpfvmwdkif; &Sm;rD;usD;rD;
tdk;uif;odkYcsOfuyfí rD;tdk;uif;BuD;ESifh vHk;axG;rdrS t,m;t,H
twkeftcsrf; ajyí aeomxdkifom csrf;omokcudk &av\/
xdt
Yk wl owå0gtaygif;wdrYk mS vnf; xdu k ,
kd t
f *Fgt&omBu;D
terw*¾ oHo&mü b0tqufquf &TJ&TJpdk usdKufusdKufqlyGg;
pnf;ívmcJah om umrwPSm ElempdBk u;D onf &Sad eMu\? jyqdck NhJ y;D
aomud, k t
f *Fg t&omBu;D rlum; xdw k PSmElemudk vGepf mG yGg;pD;ap
Edkifaom tpm[m&BuD;aywnf;? xdkElema&m*gBuD;onf &Sm;rD;usD;
rD;tdk;uif;BuD;udk tNrJudk;uG,f&mjyKí ae&bdouJhodkY umrwPSm
Elema&m*gonfBu;D awGjzpfí aeMuukeaf om owå0gwdo Yk nfvnf;
umr0w¬K umrtxnfBuD;awGudk tNrJudk;uG,f&mjyKí xm;Mu&
uke\ f /
aEGvtcgü &Sm;rD;usD;rnfonf jrif½HkrQESifhyif tvGefyl
tdkufjcif; 'ku©udkom jzpfyGg;apwwf\? at;csrf;jcif; okcudk
rjzpfapwwf? xdkYtwl xdkudk,ft*Fgt&omudk cHpm;zufjzpfaom
umr0w¬K umrtxnfwdkYrnfonf jrif½HkrQESifhyifumrwPSm
udavomtyl ttdu k u
f jkd zpfygG ;apEdik u
f ek \
f ? umrwPSm udavom
tyl\ at;Nidrf;jcif;udk rjzpfapwwfukef/
&Sm;rD;us;D rnfonf aygif;zuf a&m,Suv f maom 0w¬KrsKd ; wduYk kd
tusdK;rJh tcsnf;ESD; jymrIefYjzpfatmif tukeftajymif avmif
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 473
uRrf;apwwf\? xdkYtwl xdkt*Fgt&omudk cHpHzufjzpfukefaom
umr0w¬Kç umrtxnfwdkYonfvnf; aygif;zuftyf a&m,Suf
rdaomolwu Ykd kd ,ckb0wGi;f tvGejf rifjh rwfvpS mG ukeaf om oDv*kPçf
orm"d*kPfç ynm*kPfBuD;wdkYrS tyjzpfí aoonf\ tjcm;rJhü
acG;ç 0ufç Muufç iSufç oef;ç Murf;ydk;ç ydk;avmufç ydk;rTm;paom
ao;Ekyf pkwfzGJvSaom b0odkYa&mufavatmif tukeftajymif
avmifuRrf; apwwfukef\/
(þum; umr0w¬Kç umrtxnfwdkYESifh a&m,Sufrdaom
tcg ud,k tf *FgtwGi;f ü vQypf pfysuo f uJoh Ykd cPcPjzpfay:Muukef
aom okco[*kwf um,0dnmOf emru©Em¨ 4-yg;[kqt kd yfuek af om
udk,ft*Fg t&omBuD;wdkY\ tjypfa'go t>rufrQjyqdkcsufwnf;?)
okco[*kwfum,0dnmOf emru©E¨m 4-yg;udkjyqdkcsuf NyD;\/
-----------------
Zd0Sg0dnmOf emru©E¨m 4-yg;
,cktcg vQm\odjcif;ç vQm\odrIç vQm\tod[kqdktyf
aom Zd0Sg0dnmOfemru©E¨m 4-yg;udk jyqdkaytHh? csOfvSpGmaom
t&omwckjzifh vQmwpfjyifv;kH udk wdí
Yk prf;onf&adS omf csOrf eS ;f odrI
jzpfay:vm&m vQmtpkonf Zd0Sg0dnmOfESifhwuGaom emru©E¨m
4-yg;wdjYk zpf&mXmeaywnf;/
Zd0Sg0dnmOfqdkonfum; avmutvdktm;jzifh vQm\odrI
qdkvdkonf? tbd"r®mtvdktm;jzifh vQmüjzpfay:aom odrIqdk
vdkonf? yk*¾dKvf\ odrIum;r[kwfao;? xdkvQm\odrIay:onfrS
aemufü raemESvHk;\ odrIBuD;onf qufvufí jzpfay:\?
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 474
þraemESvHk;odrIBuD;jzpfay:aomtcgrS yk*¾dKvfod jzpfay:vmí
csOo
f nf? csKd onf-[ky*k Kd¾ vo
f d od\/ a,mufronf toufxufq;kH
[if;td;k udk arGíaeaomfvnf; [if;\t&omudk csKd onf csOo f nf-
[lírodwwf? vQmonfwpfBurd f wpfcgrQyif[if;ESihf aygif;rdaomf
vnf; [if;\t&omudk csdKonf? csOfonf [kodwwf\[lí
vmaom Oyrmpum;ü vQmonftcsdK tcsOf paomt&omrsdK;udk
odwwf\-[k a[mawmfr\ l ? þvQm\odro I nf vQurf üI twGi;f
0ifvsu&f \ dS /
Zd0Sg0dnmOf emru©E¨ 4-yg;ESifh um,0dnmOf emru©E¨m 4-
yg;rSm þvQmtjyifü xrif;ylç xrif;at; ponfwdkYudk odaom
um,0dnmOfonfvnf; jzpfay:\? t&omrsdK;udkodonfum;
Zd0Sg0dnmOfemru©E¨m 4-yg;wnf;? vQmay:ü a&mufvmaom
0w¬KwdkYudk El;nHhonf? Murf;wrf;onf? ylonf? at;onf? &Gonf?
rGonf? vIyf&Sm;onf-tp&Sdaom odrIç vQmemrIç vQm,m;rIç
vQmcsr;f omrIç vQmrcsr;f omrI-ponfwu Ykd m; um,0dnmOf emru©Em¨
4-yg;wnf;? þodkY odrIomuGJonf? jzpf&mXmeum; ruGJMu/
þodkYvQif vQmonf emru©E¨m 4-yg; 2-pHkwdkY\jzpfay:&m
jzpfayaomaMumifh vQmonf tcsdKçtcsOf-paom t&omrsdK;wdkYudk
vnf;odwwf\? tEktMurf;-paom azm|AÁmrsdK;wdkYudkvnf;
odwwf\-[kajymqdMk u&m\? y&rw¬tm;jzifrh u l m; vQm[líyifr&S?d
cE¨ig;yg;om&Sd\? cufrmrIonf&Sd\? zGJUpnf;rIonf&Sd\? ylaEG;rI
onf&Sd\? awmifhwif;rIçavsmh&JrIonf&Sd\? tqif;"mwf&Sd\?
teHY"mwf&Sd\? t&om"mwf&Sd\? þtrI þ"mwfpkonf ½lyu©E¨m
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 475
rnf\? þ½lyu©Em¨ \trIonfum; toD;tjcm;wnf;? xdek mru©Em¨
wdkY\udpöwdkYum; toD;tjcm;wdkYwnf;? t&omrsdK;udkodrIonf
xdxk t kd csKd rsKd ;ç tcsOrf sKd ;-paom tm[m&0w¬Kwu Ykd kd vQmay:odw
Yk if
aomtcgrS jzpf a y:vmMuuk e f \ ? vQmay:ü xd k 0 w¬ K rsd K ;wd k Y
r&Sjd yefvQif csKyaf ysmufMuuke\ f ? azm|AÁow d v Ykd nf; xdt Yk wlwnf;/
xdo k jYkd zpf&mü ½kycf E¨mrSe;f emrfcE¨reS ;f rodMuukeaf om Amv
ykxkZOfwdkYonfum; ½kyfcE¨mpudk vQm[k wpfckwnf;jyKí xdkodrIudk
emrfcE¨m[krjcm;em;bJ vQm\udpjö yKí vQmodonf[k jrifMuuke\ f ?
ítjrifum; 'd|dwnf;? edpötjrifç okctjrifç twåtjrifç ZD0
tjrifwnf;? vQm[laomtodudky,f&Sm;í ½kyfcE¨mç emrfcE¨m
jcm;em;íodrIum; ÓPfod ÓPfjrifaywnf;-tedpöjrifç 'ku©jrifç
tewåjrifç edZÆD0ç edówå tjrifaywnf;? taMumif;,kwåd udkum;
um,0dnmOf 2-yg;üqdkcJhNyD/
þüvQmt&omonf okco[*kwf um,0dnmOf emru©Em¨
[laom t&omwpfrsKd ;ç Zd0gS 0dnmOf emru©Em¨ [laom t&omwpfrsKd ;
[lí 2-rsKd ;&S\ d ? xdwk ifum,0dnmOf emru©Em¨ [laom vQmt&om
onfum; ud, k tf *Fgt&omBu;D ü yg0ifavNy?D Zd0gS 0dnmOf emru©Em¨
[l a om t&omBuD ; um;usef & S d \ ? þt&omBuD ; ud k v nf ;
owå0gwdo Yk nf vGepf mG vdu k pf m;Muuke\f ? aq;tjywfrcHEikd &f MdS uukef
\? &owPSmudk 0#fqdk;BuD; ElemBuD;jyKí xdkufonftm;avsmfpGm
Oyrm Oyar,s 2-&yfwdkYudkvnf;odMuav/
Zd0Sg0dnmOf emru©E¨m 4-yg;udkjyqdkcef; NyD;\/
------------------
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 476
Cme0dnmOf emru©E¨m 4-yg;
ESacgif;\odjcif;ç ESmacgif;\odrçI ESmacgif;\ tod[q k t kd yf
aom Cme0dnmOf emru©Em¨ 4-yg;ü ESmacgif;\ twGi;f "mwfonf
Cme0dnmOf emru©Em¨ 4-yg;jzpfay:&mXmewnf;? þüvnf; um,
0dnmOf emru©E¨m 4-yg;ç Cme0dnmOf emru©E¨m 4-yg; 2-pHk&\?
tMurf;tEkçtyltat;çtvkyt f &Sm;wdEYk iS hf ESmacgif;wd\ Yk awGUxdrI
wdkYaMumifh um,0dnmOf emru©E¨m 4-yg;jzpfay:vm\? twGif;rS
jzpfaomteHY tyrSjzpfaomteHw Y \Ykd xdcu kd rf aI Mumifh Cme0dnmOf
emru©E¨m 4-yg;jzpfay:\? Cme0dnmOf\ odrIudkum; eHonfç
arT;onf[kac:\/
þodkY ESmacgif;onf emru©E¨m 4-yg; 2-pHkwdkY\ jzpf&mXme
jzpfaomaMumifh ESmacgif;onf teHYtrsdK;rsdK;udkvnf; eHwwf\?
tEktMurf;paom azm|AÁrsdK;udkvnf; odwwf\[k ajymqdk&m\?
y&rw¬tm;jzifrh u l m; ESmacgif;[líyif r&S?d xdak e&müjzpfaom cE¨m
5-yg;om&S\ d ? Zd0gS 0dnmOf emru©Em¨ üuJo h Ykd ½kycf E¨mç emrfcE¨mcGeJ nf;ç
'd|od cd eJG nf;ç edpçö okcçtwåç? tedpçö 'kuç© tewå cGeJ nf;wdu Yk kd cGjJ crf;í
odMuav? Zd0Sg0dnmOfenf;wl odMuav/
Cme0dnmOf emru©E¨m 4-yg;udk jyqdkcsufNyD;\/
-----------
aomwod n mOf emru© E ¨ m 4-yg;
em;\odjcif;çem;\odrIçem;\tod-[laomaomw0dnmOf
emru©E¨ 4-yg;ü em;\twGif;t&yfonf þemru©E¨m 4-yg;\
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 477
jzpf&mXmewnf;? um,0dnmOfemru©Em¨ 4-yg;\ jzpf&mXmevnf;
jzpf\? emru©Em¨ 2-pH&k \? em;onf azm|AÁrsKd ;wdu Yk v kd nf; odwwf\?
toHtrsdK;rsdK;wdkYudkvnf; Mum;wwf\-[kajymqdk&m\? aomw
0dnmOfuMkd um;onf-[kac:\? xdx k t kd oHukd odMu&mü em;odç raem
ESvHk;odç yk*¾dKvfod cGJNrJcGJav? y&rw¬tm;jzifhrlum; em;[líyifr&Sd?
xdkae&mü jzpfaomcE¨m 5-yg;om&Sd\? ½kyfcE¨m emrfcE¨m cGJav/
½kycf E¨mum; xdak e&mü jrpfa&tvsOu f ohJ Ykd tpOfrjywfjzpfí
ae\? emrfcE¨m 4-ygwdkYum; xdkxdktoHrsdK; xdcdkufqJtcgüom
jzpfay:Muuke\ f ? xdxk tkd oHjywfpjJ yefvQif xdak e&müyifvQif emrf\
aoqH;k jcif;jzifh aoqH;k csKyyf suMf uuke\ f ? "mwf\aoqH;k jcif;ç "r®\
aoqHk;jcif;jzifh aoqHk;csKyfysufMuavukef\? wpfem&D twGif;rSm
toH t rsd K ;rsd K ;ud k tcgcgMum;&mü ol Y t oH E S i f h o l Y e mru© E ¨ m pk
tcgcgjzpfay:í tcgcgysufqHk;Muukef\/
earmwó--ajymqd k c suf
pum;ajymqdo k u
H Mkd um;&mü pum;rnfonf tu©&mwpfv;kH
wpfvHk; pDpOfíajym&m\? tu©wdkYonf tpOftwdkif; csKyfaysmuf
uke\f ? aemufaemuftu©&may:vmvQif a&S;a&S;tu©&mr&SNd y?D em;
axmifolwdkY\em;ü aomw0dnmOf emru©E¨m 4-yg;wdkYonf olYl
tu©&mESio hf l tpOftwdik ;f jzpfay:í tpOftwdik ;f csKyq
f ;kH Muuke\
f ?
]]earmwó}}[laom &GwfqdkoHudk Mum;em&mü e-[laomtoH
tu©&monf em;wGif;ü xdcdkuf\? xdcdkufrI 'PfaMumifh aomw
0dnmOf emru©Em¨ 4-yg;jzpfay:&\? e-[laom toHupkd í JG jzpfay:
aom emru©E¨monf xdktoHcsKyfqHk;vQif csKyfqHk;NrJjzpf\? e-toH
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 478
csKyfqHk;vQif e-toHudkMum;rIvnf; aysmufuG,fonf[k avmuü
vnf; xif&mS ;yg\? avmuü em;\ udpt ö cGirhf nfonf tvGeBf u;D
us,f\? em;üyk*¾dKvfç owå0gç twåç ZD0çedpöç okcç twåpGJvrf;csuf
tvGefoef\?
apm'em&ef & S d o nf u m;-- m;--em;udkyk*¾dKvf[líçowå0g[lí
pGJvrf;rIr&Sdyg? yk*¾dKvf\ t*Fgç owå0g\ t*Fg[líom pGJvrf;yg
onf[q k &kd ef&\
dS /
tajzum;--
tajzum;--igMum;onf[kpGJvrf;rIç em;onfMum;wwf
onf[kpGJvrf;rIonf em;udkyk*¾dKvf[líç owå0g[lí pGJvrf;rIyif
wnf;? xdkYtwl ajcoef;ç vufoef;ü xdcdkufíemonf&Sdaomf ig
emonf[kpGJvrf;rIonf ajcoef;ç vufoef;udk yk*¾dKvf-[lí
pGJvrf;rIyifwnf;/
,kwfpGtqHk; rkwfqdwfMuifpG,f-[laom arG;nif;udk
Ekwfy,f&mü arG;nif;\ t&if;tzdkYonf um,yom'½kyf½Sd\?
emwwf\? xdkemrl igemonf[kpGJvrf;rIonf wpfckwpfckaom
arG;nif;udk yk*Kd¾ v[ f íl owå0g[lí pGv J rf;rIyifwnf;? arG;nif;aygif;
9-aomif; 9-axmif&o dS nf[&l um; arG;nif; ta&twGuf yk*Kd¾ vçf
owå0gpGJvrf;csuf 9-aomif; 9-axmif&Sd\? rdrd rdrdpGJvrf;í
aerIudkyif rdrd ra&vnfí apm'emjcif;omjzpfonf[kajzav/
yk*¾dKvf\ t*Fgjzpfí yk*¾dKvfr[kwf[k tpdwfpdwfEkwfy,fí
xm;cJv h Qiw f pfu, kd vf ;kH t*Fgcsn;f jzpfí uke&f m\? yk*Kd¾ vo
f wå0gyif
r&S&d mNy?D xdaYk Mumifh xdx k 0kd n
d mOf\jzpf&mXmeç odwwf&mXmeç touf
&Sdonf? t&Sifjzpfonf[k rSwf,l&mXme tvHk;pHkonf yk*¾dKvfvnf;
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 479
[kw\ f ? owå0g\ t*Fgvnf;[kw\ f ? twåvnf; [kw\ f ? ZD0vnf;
[kw\ f [k avmutvdu k o
kd t
d yf\? yk*Kd¾ vo
f wå0g [k pGv
J rf;rIonf
edpöç okcç twåç ZD0-[kpGJvrf;rIyifwnf;? wPSmç rmeç 'd|d 3-yg;
wd\ Yk trIcsn;f omwnf;? Mum;wwfaomj'Afç em;oP²mef-[lír&S/d
xdkae&mü tpOfjzpfyGg;í aeaomcufrmrIonfum;
½lyu©E¨momwnf;? xdk½lyu©E¨monf Mum;wwf odwwfaomw&m;
rsdK;r[kwf? Mum;rIç odrIonfum; xdkae&mü toHxdcdkufqJtcg
jzpfay: vmaom emrfcE¨m 4-yg;omwnf;? em;ü cE¨m 5-yg;om&S\ d -
[kodrIç jrifrIonf ÓPfodjzpf\/ tedpöodç 'ku©odç tewåodç
edówåç edZÆD0odjzpf\? taMumif;,kwådudkrlum; um,0dnmOfü
jyqdkcJhonfhtwdkif; odav/
em;t&om 2-rsdK;
em;t&omonfvnf; 2-rsdK;&Sd\? xdkwGif okco[*kwf
um,0dnmOf emru©E¨m 4-yg;[laom t&omonf udk,ft*Fg
t&omBuD;ü yg0ifavNyD;? om,maomtoHudkvnf;aumif;ç
rdrdtvdk&Sdaom pum;rsdK;udkvnf;aumif;ç Mum;aomtcgü cHpm;&
aom em;t&omonfum; aomw0dnmOf emru©Em¨ 4-yg;aywnf;?
þem;t&omudkvnf; owå0gwdkYonf vGefpGmvdkufpm;Muukef\?
pum;ajymazmf pum;ajymzufEiS u hf if;í qdyNf ird &f mü wpfu, kd af &
wpfum, aexdik jf cif;iSgyif rwwfEikd &f MdS uuke\ f ? tazmfEiS u hf if;í
em;qdwq f w d af e&vQiyf if Ni;D awmufjcif; Ni;D aiGUjcif; jzpfMuuke\ f ?
a&mufrad &muf&m pyfrpd yf&m oræyv Ü my pum;rsKd ;udyk if Mum;emí
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 480
ae&rS tNiD;ajyMuukef\? þaomwt&omBuD;onf avmuü
tNiD;ajy cHpm;zG,fBuD; wpfyg;yifwnf;? acG;ç usD;ç vif;wç Oyrm
Elema&m*gonfBu;D onf Oyrmwdu Yk v
kd nf; þüxdu
k o f nft
h m;avsmf
pGm odMuav/
aomw0dnmOf emru©E¨m 4-yg;udk jyqdkcsufNyD;\/
-------------------
pu© K 0d n mOf emru© E ¨ m 4-yg;
pu©K0n d mOf emru©Em¨ 4-yg;ü rsuv f ;kH t&yfonf pu©K0n d mOf
emru©E¨m 4-yg;\ jzpf&m Xmeaywnf;? um,0dnmOf emru©E¨m
4-yg;\jzpf&mXmevnf;[kwf\? þrsufpdüvnf; emru©E¨m 4-yg;
2-pHk&\? rsufpdonf tyltat;paom azm|AÁrsdK;wdkYudkvnf;
odwwf\? usiw f wf\? used ;f wwf\? pyfwwf\? tqif;trsKd ;rsKd ;udk
vnf;jrifwwf\? yk*¾dKvfrsdK;owå0grsdK;trSefjzpf\-[kqdk&m\? pu©K
0dnmOfou d kd Nrifoñf[í l ac:\? xdx k okd uf½o Sd ufrhJ 0w¬KwuYkd jkd rifí
b,foif;b,f[m[k odMu&mü rsupf o d çd raemESv;kH odç yk*Kd¾ vo f [
d k
cGJNrJcGJav/
y&rw¬tm;jzifhrlum;-- m;--rsufpdj'Af [líyifr&Sd? xdkae&mü
jzpfaomcE¨m 5-yg;om&Sd\? xdkwGif ½lyu©E¨m 1-yg;om xdkae&mü
tpOfNr\ J ? emru©Em¨ 4-yg;wdo Yk nfum; xdx k t kd qif;tm½Hu k kd Munf½h I
aeqJtcgüom jzpfay:ukef\? tdyfaysmfíaeqJtcg arSmifrdIuf
wGif;ü aeqJtcgç rsufpdudkrdSwfíaeqJtcgwdkYü xdkae&mrSmcsKyf
uG,fíaeMuukef\? Munfh½IaeqJtcgrSmvnf; rsufawmifcwf
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 481
ajymif;wdkif; csKyfuG,fMu&avukef\/
refusnf;yiftp&Sdaom t&GufpdyfopfyifrsdK;wdkYudk armfí
MunfhMu&mü t&GufwpfckwpfckvQif emru©E¨m 4-yg;toD;toD;
jzpfí toD;toD;csKyfuG,fMuukef\? t&GufwpfckudkjrifrI odrIESifh
xdkYjyif t&Gufwpfckudk jrifrIodrIwdkYonf toD;tjcm;wdkYomwnf;?
wpfckNyD;rSwpfck jzpfMuNrJaywnf;? 2-ckNydKifí jzpfNrJr[kwf? pdwf
rnfonf tvGefvsifjrefvS\? wpfyifvHk;udkyif wpfNydKifeufjrif
onf [krw S xf ifí aeMu&uke\ f ? t&Guw f pfcw
k pfcük yif rsupf o
d çd
raemESvHk;odç yk*¾dKvfodtoD;oD;pDjzpfMu\/
pu© K od
pu©Kodqdkonfum;--tqif;oufoufudkjrifrIoufouf
omwnf;? tBu;D çti,fçt0ef;çtvsm;-paomoP²mefukd odonf
r[kwf? raemESvHk;ododkYa&mufrS xdkoP²mefwdkY toD;toD;ay:\?
þraem ESvHk;odudkyif yk*¾dKvfodqdk&onf? refusnf;yifBuD;udk
armfíMunf&h mü t&Guaf wGukd toD;toD; odro I nf wNyKd ief ufyif
rSwfxifMu&ukef\? pdwf\jzpfrIçysufrIajymif;vJrI jrefyHkudk &dyfrd
½Hkjyqdkvkdufonf? avmuü þrsufpd\ tcGifhrnfonf tvGefBuD;
us,f\? em;\tcGifhxufyif omvGef\? rsufpdü yk*¾dKvfç owå0gç
twåçZD0ç edpöç okcç twåpGJvrf;rItvGefxufoef\/
(þpum;ü apm'emcsuf ajzqdkcsufwdkYudk aomwü
qdkcJhwdkif;odav/)
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 482
t&omESifh wPSmtpGrf;udk jyqdkenf;ü þrsufpdrSmvnf;
t&om 2-rsdK;&\? xdkwGif okco[*kwf um,0dnmOfemru©E¨m
4-yg;[laom t&omonf udk,ft*Fgt&omBuD;wGif yg0ifavNyD?
vSywifhw,faom tqif;oP²mefrsdK;ç rdrdtvdk&Sdaom 0w¬KrsdK;ç
rawGYpzl; rjrifpzl;aom tm½Hk0w¬KrsdK;wdkYudk jrifMu&aomtcg
cHpm;Mu&aomrsufpdt&omonfum; pu©K0dnmOf emru©E¨m 4-
yg;aywnf;? þpum;rsKd ;ü raemESv;kH trIwu Ykd v
kd nf; tygt0ifjyKí
,l M uavuk e f ? yD w d ç ok c çaomreówd k Y u d k t&omqd k v d k & if ;
jzpfNim;aomfvnf;cE¨m 4-yg;wd\ Yk jzpfrt
I vm;xif&mS apjcif;iSg cE¨m
4-yg;[líyif qdkvdkufonf/
wpf e nf ; um;--
um;--Oayu©m a0'emonfvnf; yDwdçokcç
aomreóudk r&om&mü (r&aomtcgü) tNiD;ajy t&omrsdK;
yifjzpf\? rsupf rd nfonf aumif;onfurkd o S m Munfv h o
kd nfr[kw?f
MunfhcGifh&Sdygvsuf rMunfh&vQif oufouf raeEdkifrIrsdK;wnf;
wpfoufv;kH wpfaeYwpfaeYvQif tcgcgjrifíae&aom 0w¬KrsKd ;yif
jzpfaomfvnf; rufp&m0w¬K 1-yg;r&SdcJhvQif xdktm½Hkudkyif warmh
armhae&\? rMunfhbJraeEdkif/
rMunfhbJ pu©Ka`E´udk csKyfwnf;í ae&rnfqdkvQif
cPcsif; NiD;awmuf\? pdwfusOf;usyf\? rsufpdOypm wpfvHk;
zGifhvGwfí xm;rS tBudKufus\? t&omaumif; awGUouJhodkY
tNiD;tawmuf ajyaysmuf\? raumif;onfjzpfapç aumif;onf
jzpfap Munfjh rif&rIonfvnf; tNi;D tawmuf ajyaysmuf apwwf
aom azsmftajzt&omBuD; wpfrsdK;yifjzpfownf;? <uif;aom
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 483
aomwç Cme-ponfwdkYüvnf; þenf;wlodav? xdkYaMumifh
Oayu©ma0'emudkvnf; t&om qdkoifh\? emru©E¨m 4-yg;vHk;udk
vnf; t&omqdkoifh\-[lírSwfav/
wpfoufv;kH jrifíaeaom tm½Hrk sKd ; tv,füyif pu©Ka`Eu ´ kd
csKyfxdef;í r&? rsufpd rsufESm OD;wnfrd&m rsufpdOypmü rdk;udk
arQmfvdkuf&\? wdrfudkarQmfvkduf&\? ajrtjyifudkarQmfvdkuf&\?
a&tjyifudkarQmfvdkuf&\? awmwcGifudkarQmfvdkuf&\? awmif
wpfcGifudkarQmfvdkuf&\? vludkç EGm;udkç acG;udkç0ufudkçtdrfudkç,mudk
arQmfvdkuf&\? arQmf&rSpdwfacsmif\? pdwfcsrf;om\? t&omBuD;
wpfyg;yifjzpf\? ud, k af wGU'd|jzpfMu\? þrSaemufü þpu©Kt&om
ü om,maom wPSm0#fq;kd Bu;D ç wPSmElemBu;D wdu Yk kd um,0dnmOfü
jyqdkcJhNyD;aomenf;udk tpOfrSD;íodMuav/
raemESvHk;odç yk*¾dKvfodac:aom raemESvHk;\ odjcif;ç
raemESv;kH \odrçI raemESv;kH \tod-[kqkd tyfaom raem0dnmOf
emru©E¨m 4-yg;udkjyqdktHh/
&ifwGif;ü&Sdaom ESvHk;aoG;twGif;ü þraem0dnmOfonf
jzpf\? ESvHk;tdrfonfom tom;pdkifç tom;cJjzpfí um,0dnmOf
emru©E¨m 4-yg;jzpf&mXmejzpf\? ESvHk;aoG;rlum; um,0dnmOf\
jzpf&mXme rqdo k m? ESv;kH aoG;\ twGi;f üjzpfaom xdrk aem0dnmOf
emru©E¨m 4-yg;onfum; tvGef taxGtjym; rsm;jym;\/
1/ tukov kd -f [kqtkd yfaom raumif;aom tMurH sKd ;onf
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 484
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jzpfay:rIwpfrsdK;ç
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ajymif;vJ\/
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ukov kd af Zmwdw
Yk iG v f nf; o'¨gvGeu f aJ om tvSnrhf mS 0gíMunf\/
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 495
vGefuJaom tvSnfhrSm tvGefylavmif rnf;npf\? aMumufjcif;ç
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ajymif;vJ\? udk,fwGif;oEÅmefü txl;xl; taxGaxGjzpfí aeMu
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aom ÓPfrsufpd r&SdMuukefrlí tay:&Hjyify taygif;rQudkom
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 496
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 497
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jzpfay:\/
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 498
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ted p ö v u© P m r&Pab;BuD ;
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odr;f yduk 0f phH &mr&S?d aMumufrufz, G t
f wdjzpfaom 'kur© sKd ; pifppfwYkd
omwnf;? rsufawmifwpfcwfrQ cdkifNrJonf[k pdwfcs&aom tESpf
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om& twår[kwfaom tewårsdK; pifppfwdkYomwnf;/
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 499
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wPS m 4-rsd K ;ud k j yqd k c suf
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BuD;us,f\? aZmpdwfç aZmraemç aZm0dnmOfwdkY\t&omudk
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tpm;taomuf ysurf nfukd tvdrk &SMd u? ttdyyf surf cHEikd çf tpm;
ysufrcHEdkif &SdaeMu\? tdyfpufrI[laom b0ifraem t&omü
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 500
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bóm&mrwm wPSmç o*FPdum&mrwm wPSm-ponfjzifh
tvGerf sm;\/
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wPSmonf bóm&mrwm rnf\/
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k af &wpfum,
raeEdkifaomwPSmonf o*FPdum&mrwm rnf\/
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------------
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 501
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2/ oreEÅ&ypönf;ç
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a[wk y pö n f ;
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 502
qdo
k wnf;/
tm&r® P ypö n f ;
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o[Zmwypö n f ;
cufrmrIç zGJUpnf;rIçylrIç at;rI tp&Sdaom ½kyfcE¨mvQif
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emrfcE¨mcsif;? NydKif;ceJ NydKif;ceJ twlwuGjzpfay:Muonfudk
o[Zmwypönf;ç tnrnypönf; qdkownf;/
ed ó ,ypö n f ;
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tp&Sdaom avmuÓPf&SdorQ odjrifMu&aom avmuü aus;Zl;
ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 503
BuD;i,f teEÅwdkYudk Oyedó,ypönf; qdkownf;/
yk a &Zmwypö n f ;
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aumif;ç rdrdwdkYESifhtNydKifjzpfay:aom tm½HkwdkYudkvnf;aumif;?
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tp&Sdaom wpfudk,fvHk; wpfaumifvHk;ü jzpfay:Muukefaom
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aom aus;Zl;udk yka&Zmwypönf; qdkownf;/
ypä m Zmwypö n f ;
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BuD;ygG;jcif;iSg aemufaemuf&Gmaom rdk;a&onf aus;Zl;jyKouJhodkY
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ypämZmwypönf; qdkownf;/
tmao0eypö n f ;
pufud&d,mwdkYonf tqifhqifh tm;ay;MuukefouJhodkY
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ZtpodYk ur®|mef;usrf; 504
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ur® y pö n f ;
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