> The right against self-incrimination covers testimonial compulsion only and the compulsion to produce real or physical evidence using the body of the accused > Physical or moral compulsion to extort communication WITH WHAT KIND OF TESTIMONY OR INSTANCES CAN THE RIGHT BE INVOKED? > It applies to commutative testimony and not mechanical testimony > Commutative testimony involves the use of intelligence on the part of the accused or witness. Corrorarily, on cases on self-incrimination, the following are permissible substance from the body, morphine from mouth, put on pants, physical exam, wallet, picture taking, etc. The following on the other hand are not permissible handwriting, signature, and similar incidents which involve the use of intelligence. SUPPOSE THAT THERE IS A HOLE IN A DOOR TO WHICH IF IT IS FOUND OUT THAT THE HAND OF THE ACCUSED FITS THE HOLE, HE IS MOST PROBABLE GUILTY OF THE AC CUSATION. CAN HE INVOKE THE RIGHT AGAINST SELF-INCRIMINATION? > No, what is being asked of him is mechanical in nature. The inser ting of his hand into the hole will not involve intelligence on his part to fulf ill the task. IS THERE AN EXCEPTION TO THE RIGHT AGAINST SELF-INCRIMINATION? > The right cannot be invoked when the State has the rights to inspec t documents under its police power, such as documents of corporations. ON WHAT KIND OF PROCEEDINGS CAN THE RIGHT AGAINST SELF-INCRIMINATION BE INVOKED? > The right against self-incrimination can be invoked in all proceedings institu ted by the government WHAT IS THE RATIONALE FOR PROTECTING THE RIGHT AGAINST SELF-INCRIMINATIO N? 1. FOR HUMANITARIAN REASONS to prevent the State with all its coercive powers from extracting testimony that may convict the accused 2. FOR PRACTICAL REASONS the accused is likely to commit perjury if he w ere compelled to testify against himself SUPPOSE THAT X WAS A WITNESS IN A JUDICIAL PROCEEDING. THE COUNSEL A SKED HIM ABOUT HIS WHEREABOUTS DURING A CERTAIN DATE. X WAS ACTUALLY TOGE THER WITH A WOMAN IN A MOTEL DURING THAT DATE. REVEALING HIS WHEREABOUTS WOULD RESULT TO A DOMESTIC TURBULENCE. CAN X RIGHTFULLY INVOKE HIS RIGHT AGAIN ST SELF-INCRIMINATION? > X cannot invoke the right. He can only invoke the right if there is only a possibility of criminal prosecution but not in cases of possible embarra ssment. WHO MAY INVOKE THE RIGHT AGAINST SELF-INCRIMINATION AND WHEN CAN SUCH PERSON INV OKE THE RIGHT? > An ordinary witness may invoke the right but he may only do so as each incrimi nating question is asked > The accused himself may invoke the right, but unlike the ordinary witness, he may altogether refuse to take the witness stand and refuse to answer any and al l questions. > But once the accused waives his right and chooses to testify on his own behalf, he may be cross-examined on matters covered in his direct examina tion. He cannot refuse to answer questions during cross-examination by claiming that the answer that he will give could inc riminate him for the crime he is being charged. > However, if the question during cross-examination relates to a crime d ifferent from that which he was charged, he can still invoke the right and refus

X ACCUSED WAS ASKED TO BE A HOSTILE WITNESS. To prejudice X as a result of his refusal would rende r his right against self-incrimination useless and . CAN THIS BE TAKEN AGAINST X? > Again. X cannot be prejudiced whatsoever as a result of his refusal to be a hos tile witness. then he could invoke the right. But if it is the case that he could still be charged with this pas t criminality. it depends. If in the prior charge of perjury against him. If he could still be charged for rendering false testimony . then he could invoke said right. the case has alrea dy been terminated through his acquittal. he couldn't invoke the right anymore. HE INVOKES HIS RIGHT AGAINST SELF-INCRIMINATION.e to answer. he cannot invoke the ri ght SUPPOSE X WAS A WITNESS ASKED ABOUT BEING CHARGED WITH PERJURY TWO YEARS AGO. CAN THIS BE TAKEN AGAINST X? > No. X REFUSED TO ANSWER INVOKING THE RIGHT AGAINST SELF-INCRIMI NATION. HE REFUSED TO DO SO. then it could not invoke the right. conviction. questions about the past criminal liabil ity are still covered by the protection against self-incrimination > But if he cannot anymore be prosecuted for it anymore. CAN AN ACCUSED OR WITNESS INVOKE THE RIGHT AGAINST SELF-INCRIMINATION IF HE IS A SKED ABOUT PAST CRIMINALITY? > It depends > If he can still be prosecuted for it. CAN THIS BE TAKEN AGAI NST HIM? > It depends. SUPPOSE X WAS A WITNESS ASKED ABOUT BEING A PAID WITNESS IN THE PAST. If he cannot anymore be charged for past crim inality. or dismissal of the compla int.