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Bhavnagar

INDEX
1 Bhavnagar : A Snapshot

2 Economy and Industry Profile

3 Industrial Locations / Infrastructure

4 Support Infrastructure
2

5 Social Infrastructure

6 Tourism

7 Investment Opportunities

8 Annexure
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Bhavnagar: A Snapshot

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Introduction: Bhavnagar
§ Bhavnagar is located near the Gulf of Cambay in the Arabian Map1: District Map of Bhavnagar with
Talukas
Sea, a part of Saurashtra peninsula, in central part of Gujarat

§ Proximity of Bhavnagar with commercial districts of Ahmedabad,


Rajkot, Surendranagar, and Amreli has made the district an
important industrial location

§ The district has 11 talukas, of which the major ones are


Bhavnagar (District Headquarter), Shihor, Talaja, Mahuva,
Botad, Palitana, Ghogha and Vallabhipur
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§ Focus industry sectors: Diamond cutting & polishing, cement &
gypsum, inorganic salt-based and marine chemicals, ship-
Botad
building, ship-repairs, oxygen, foundry, re-rolling, ceramics, Gadhda
Umrala
fabrication and food processing industries Vallabhipur
Bhavnagar
§ World’s largest ship breaking yard is at Alang in the district Sihor
Ghogha
Gariadhar Palitana
§ Major tourist attractions in the district are Velavadar National
District Headquarter Talaja
park-Blackbuck sanctuary, Takhteshwar Temple,
Talukas Mahuva
Gaurishanker Lake, Jain Temples of Palitana and Talaja
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Fact File
71.15o East (Longitude)
Geographical Location
21.47o North (Latitude)

Average Rainfall 605 mm

Rivers Shetrunji, Ranghola and Kaludhar

Area 8,628 sq. km.

District Headquarter Bhavnagar

Talukas 11
5
Population 24,69,630 (As per 2001 Census)

Population Density 205 Persons per sq. km.

Sex Ratio 937 Females per 1000 Males

Literacy Rate 66.20%

Languages Gujarati, Hindi and English

Seismic Zone Zone III


Source: Bhavnagar District Profile 2006-07

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2

Economy and Industry Profile

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Economy and Industry Profile
§ Industrial development in Bhavnagar district could be attributed to the presence of a large number of

diamond cutting and polishing units, salt and marine chemicals, plastics, ship building, and breaking

industries

§ Bhavnagar stands second in diamond cutting & polishing industry after Surat in India, with 6,000 units

operating from the district and employing more than 3 lakh people

§ Bhavnagar is the largest producer of salt, with 34,500 tons of salt being produced annually in the district

§ Bhavnagar manufactures FRP (Fiberglass Reinforced


7 Plastic) boats and steel vessels at ship building

facility of Alcock Ashdown (Gujarat ) Ltd

§ At Alang, Bhavnagar houses the largest ship breaking yard in the world

§ Bhavnagar has about 150 units manufacturing plastic monofilaments, and more than 400 units

manufacturing plastic cloth, twine, ropes, films, and multifilament yarn

§ Some sections of the society depends upon agriculture for their livelihood
Source: District Industries Centre, Bhavnagar

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Agriculture
§ Major crops produced in the district are citrus, onion,
Fig 1:Total Area and Production of Food and
guava, banana and chiku Non Food Crops (2006-07)
2800 5000

Total Production (in 00 M.T.)


§ In 2006-07, Bhavnagar had the highest production of
2100
onion and guava in the State, accounting for 4,99,112

Total Area (in Hec)


2112 2553
and 52,061 Metric Tonnes (MT) respectively 1400 1779 2500

§ The district was the third highest producer of chiku 700

(sapota) with a production of 31,886 MT (2006-07) 862


0 0

§ Total production of cotton for the year 2006-07, in Cereals Oilseed

Bhavnagar was 12,73,500 Bales, the second highest Area (in Hec) Production (in 00 M.T.)

in the State after Rajkot Fig 2:Total Area and Production of Food Crops
Fig 3:Total Area and Production of Major Food Crops (2006-07)
(2006-07) 30000 800000
24000 600000

Total Production (in M.T.)


Total Production (in M.T.)
499112 629495
600000

Total Area (in Hec)


18000
Total Area (in Hec)

20000
400000
24167
400000
12000
10000 27454
19383 260785
200000 200000
6000 6892
4811 52061 5417
46907 784 0 0
24303 2584
0 0 Fruits Vegetables Spices

Citrus Banana Onion Guava Area (in Hec) Production (in M.T.)

Area (in Hec) Production (in M.T.) Source: Department of Agriculture, 2006-07

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Major Industries
§ There are 112 medium and large scale industries located
Map 2: Major Industry Players in Bhavnagar*
in Bhavnagar district
§ Some of the major medium and large scale players
present in the district are mentioned in Table 1.
Table 1: Major Industries Present in Bhavnagar*
Name of Company Taluka Production
Nirma Ltd. Kalatalav, Bhavnagar Chemicals
Clay Mineral Products
Ashapura Minechem Ltd. Chitra, Bhavnagar
including Bentonite
Chhatariya Foods Private
Mahuva Onion Dehydration Units
Ltd. Alcock Ashdown Ltd
Anik Ship Breaking
Talaja Shipbreaking 9
Industries Ltd.
Volvo Steels Ltd. Mahuva Stainless Steel Ingots
Iota Chemiculture Ltd. Ghogha Chemicals
Alcock Ashdown Ltd Bhavnagar Ship Building Facility
Skylink Chemicals Pvt. Ltd. Sihor Chemicals
Vegetable Oils and
Wipro Limited Bhavnagar
Vanaspati
Ruparel Plastics (P) Ltd. Mahuva Polypropylene Ropes
Vimal Dyes and Gas India
Shampara Industrial Oxygen
(P) Ltd.
Investment & Precision
Bhavnagar Investment Castings
Castings Ltd * Indicative List
Source: Industries Commissionerate, Government of Gujarat, 2007

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Small Scale Industries (SSI)
§ The district has 10,080 SSI units with employment of 49,587 involving a total investment of INR 28,955
lakhs (USD 70.62 million)
§ Around 4,460 SSI units are present in Bhavnagar taluka, witnessing investments to the tune of INR
9,956 lakhs (USD 24.28 million)
§ Maximum number of industries are engaged in repairing & servicing, textiles, chemicals, glass &
ceramics, and wood products
Fig 4 : Talukawise major Investments and Employment in SSIs
12000 24000
19551
Total Investments (in Lakhs)

9000 18000

Total Employment
6000 12000

9956 6441

3000 5674 3979 6000


2888 2112
4942 3616 1996
1359 1184
0 0
Bhavnagar Shihor Mahuva Batod Palitana Gadhda

Investments (in Lakhs) Employment

Source: Industries Commissionerate, Government of Gujarat, 2007

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Small Scale Industries (SSI)
643 SSI
Map 3 : SSI Clusters in Bhavnagar
units

270 SSI
units Botad
323 SSI
units
Gadhda 133 SSI
units
Umrala
Vallabhipur

4460 SSI
units
Bhavnagar
270 SSI
1266 SSI Sihor
units 11 units

221 SSI Ghogha


units
Gariadhar Palitana 356 SSI
units

557 SSI Talaja


units

1532 SSI
units

Mahuva

Source: Industries Commissionerate, Government of Gujarat, 2007

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Industry Investment Trends
§ As per the Industrial Entrepreneur Memoranda (IEMs) Fig. 5: Investments in 1988 -97 Vs 1998-07
Comparative Data in Last Two Decades
filed, the total investment during 1988-97 was INR 2,693
6000
Crore (USD 657 million), and during 1998-2007

In ve stm en ts (IN R C ro re )
5000
investments worth INR 4,775 Crore (USD 1,164.6 million) 4000
3000 4775
§ Around 87% of the investments during 1998-07 has been 2000
2693
1000
contributed by infrastructure projects, cement and
0
gypsum, and chemicals sector, while 89% of the 1988 - 1997 1998 - 2007

12 Years
investments during 1988-97 was contributed by industries

such as chemicals, cement and gypsum

§ Miscellaneous machinery and engineering sector showed

increase in number of units while chemicals, plastic and

food processing industries showed remarkable growth in

investments during 1998-2007

Source: Industries Commissionerate, Government of Gujarat, 2007

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Investment Trends: 1988-97

§ During 1988-97, the chemical sector attracted Fig. 6: Major Investments & Employment During 1988-97

maximum investments to the tune of INR 1,209


Crores (USD 295 million) contributing 45% to the Highest
Investment
total investments. The sector proved to be the

In vestm ent an d E m plo ym en t


Highest
100 0 0 8585 Employment
90 0 0
second highest employment generator with 7,154 80 0 0 7154
70 0 0
60 0 0
jobs 50 0 0 3536
40 0 0
30 0 0
§ Cement and gypsum sector attracted next 20 0 0 1209 1180
577 1027
13 10 0 0 187 40 22
0
highest investments of INR 1,180 Crore (USD 288

D ye Stu ff s
M etallu rg ical
C h em icals

C em en t an d

Pro cessin g
In d u st ries
in d u stries
G yp su m

Food
million) contributing 44% to total investments in
the decade
Sectors
§ Highest employment was generated by
Investment Employment
metallurgical industries creating 8,585 (INR crore)
employment opportunities and contributing 38%
to the total employment

Source: Industries Commissionerate, Government of Gujarat,2007


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Investment Trends: 1998-07
§ Infrastructure sector attracted the highest

investment of INR 2,200 Crore (USD 536.5


Fig. 7: Major Investments & Employment During 1998-07
million) contributing 46% to total investments

generated during 1998-07 4 50 0


3997 Highest
4000 Employment
§ The next highest investment was generated Highest

Investment and Employment


3 50 0 Investment
3000
by cement and gypsum sector of INR 1,637
2 50 0 2200 2223

Crore (USD 399.26 million) growing by 39% 2000


1637
150 0
and contributing 34% to the total investments 14 10 0 0
938

306 400
250
§ Highest employment was generated by the
50 0 186 96 79 94
0

chemical sector creating 3,997 jobs

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contributing 36% to the total jobs created

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Food processing industries grew by over

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gs

is

od
ru

Fo
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Sectors
250 times during 1998-07 with an investment
Investm ent Em ploym ent
of INR 79 Crore (USD 19 million) (INR crore)
Source: Industries Commissionerate, Government of Gujarat, 2007

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Investments in Pipeline
§ A total of 11 MoUs were signed during Vibrant Gujarat

Global Investors Summits (VGGIS) 2003, 2005 and Fig 8: Sectorwise MoUs Signed during VGGIS
during 2003,2005 & 2007
2007, in several sectors, such as, ports, power, agro &

food Processing, tourism and mineral-based industries


1 1
§ The power sector witnessed investments of over INR 2
2

4000 crore (USD 975.60 million) during VGGIS 2003

and 2005 by Nirma Chemicals Limited and Gujarat 5

Petro Chemical Limited respectively


Mineral Based Industries Power
§ Port sector witnessed maximum number of MoUs Port Tourism
Agro & Food processing
during 2003 and 2005 in the district

§ Gujarat State Petronet Corporation (GSPC), has

signed an MoU during Vibrant Gujarat 2007, for the

privatisation of Bhavnagar port


Source: Industries Commissionerate, Government of Gujarat, 2007

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Economy Drivers

§ Major investments were witnessed in infrastructure projects during 1998-07 which would further enhance

the image of the district as a commercial region

§ Recent surge in the growth of food processing industries in the district has increased employment

opportunities for the masses

§ Presence of Bhavnagar port has helped in catalyzing the growth of industries, making it an important

terminal for export and import of goods 16

§ Proximity with other major industrial hubs of the State, such as Ahmedabad, and Rajkot has helped the

district in attracting investments

§ Small scale industry sectors such as repairing & servicing, textiles, chemicals, glass & ceramics and

wood products are the supporting pillars of the economy providing numerous employment opportunities

Source: District Industries Centre, Bhavnagar

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Industrial Locations / Infrastructure

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Industrial Estates

Map 4: Industrial Estates in Bhavnagar


Table 2: Industrial Estates in Bhavnagar
Industrial Estates Area in Hectare

Vallabhipur 0.75

Dhasa 0.93

Botad 6

Viithalwadi 9

Sihor 1 12

Sihor 2 18.73
18
Palitana 33.95

Mahuva 18

Vartej 73.58

Chitra 174.71

Legend

Source: Gujarat Industrial Development Corporation, Government of Gujarat, 2007

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Support Infrastructure

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Road and Rail Connectivity
Road
Map 5: Bhavnagar Road and Rail Network
§ National Highway 8E passes through the district connecting
it to Junagadh (205 km) and Amreli (113 km)

§ Bhavnagar is also connected to Ahmedabad (170 km),


Vadodara (280 km), Jamnagar (266 km), Surat (447 km),
Rajkot (178 km), Ankleshwar (364 km), Vapi (514 km),
Gandhinagar (228 km) and Mehsana (274 km)

§ Connectivity with major industrial centers of India:


20 Delhi
(986 km), Mumbai (622 km), Kolkata (1981 km), Hyderabad
(1138 km), and Chennai (1,686 km)

Rail

§ Almost all the talukas of Bhavnagar are well connected to

cities such as Amreli, Ahmedabad and Mumbai by rail

Source: Bhavnagar District Profile 2006-07

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Airports and Ports
Air

§ Bhavnagar is one of the first cities to have an airport in


Gujarat

§ Air services are available between Bhavnagar and Mumbai Mumbai

§ Nearest international airport is in Ahmedabad (200 km)

Port

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§ Bhavnagar port is well connected with a broad gauge railway line

§ The port handles oil cakes, salts, scrap, onions, clay and rape seeds

§ The port is 10 km away from Bhavnagar city which is well connected to Ahmedabad and Mumbai

§ There is a minor port at Ghogha and ship breaking yard at Alang

§ Government of Gujarat plans to develop Mithivirdi and Mahuva ports for handling steel products,

iron ore, coal, iron plates and automobiles

§ The nearest natural port of Pipavav is 113 km


Source: Bhavnagar District Profile,2006-07, Gujarat Maritime Board, Government of Gujarat

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Power Supply Network
Power
Map 6 : Bhavnagar Power Supply

§ Bhavnagar has a well developed network of Sub stations in

the district to cater to the industrial and domestic power

requirements

§ There are five 220 KV sub stations at different locations in the

district at Dhasa, Vartej, Sagapara, Otha and Savarkundla,

and a 132 KV sub station is at Vallabhipur 22

§ Twenty one, 66 KV sub stations are spread across the district

§ One power station is under implementation at Ghogha taluka.

Source: Gujarat State Electricity Board, Government of Gujarat, 2007

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Gas Supply

Gas

§ Gujarat State Petronet Limited (GSPL) has proposed a gas pipeline in Bhavnagar with a length of 141
km originating from Jafrabad connecting Pipavav with Bhavnagar

Map 7: Bhavnagar Gas Grid Network

B H A V N A G A R

Route Identification Complete


Commissioned
Under Construction
Source: Gujarat State Petronet Limited

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Bhavnagar Port

§ Bhavnagar port is well connected with a broad gauge railway line

§ The port handles oil cakes, salts, scrap, onions, clay and rape seeds

§ The port is 10 km away from Bhavnagar city which is well connected to Ahmedabad and Mumbai by
road and rail.

§ There is a minor port at Ghogha and ship breaking yard at Alang

§ Government of Gujarat plans to develop Mithivirdi and Mahuva ports for handling steel products,

iron ore, coal, iron plates and automobiles

§ The nearest natural port of Pipavav is 113 km

Source: Bhavnagar District Profile,2006-07, Gujarat Maritime Board, Government of Gujarat

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Bhavnagar Port
§ Bhavnagar port is an all – weather direct berthing port for smaller vessels Gujarat

§ It is located in the Gulf of Cambay on the west coast of India and has a draft
Bhavnagar
upto 4 metres

§ The concrete jetty is 270 metres in length and 12.8 metres in width and also
having North quay of 120 m

§ The port is illuminated by five high – mast towers and 75 KVA DG set for
emergency power supply

§ The port exports – oil cakes, salts, scrap, onions, clay and rape seeds

§ Minor ports in the district are at Mahuva, Ghogha, and Talaja

§ Alcock Ashdown Ltd, a major company for ship building, ship conversion and
Performance
overhauling projects, has a manufacturing shipyard in Bhavnagar 2005-06 (lakh tonnes)

§ Alcock Ashdown has one of the biggest centrally air conditioned FRP Import Export
boat building shops in Bhavnagar
1.01 1.32
§ Alang (50 km from Bhavnagar city) is the largest ship breaking yard in the
Source: The Ports of Gujarat, Gujarat Maritime Board ,2005-06
world
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Proposed Infrastructure Projects

Road Network

§ The Government has proposed privatisation of bus services in Bhavnagar, to


enhance the standards of transport facilities. Further, a “Transport Nagar”
proposed by the Bhavnagar Municipal Corporation will provide the much
needed connectivity in the district

§ Gujarat State Road Development Corporation (GSRDC) has proposed


development of Bhavnagar-Vallabhipur-Dhandhuka Road and Bhavnagar-
Dholera-Wataman Road 26

Port

§ Mithivirdi, situated 40 km south of Bhavnagar and 10 km north of existing

ship breaking yard at Alang is the proposed site for cargo handling which

includes steel products, iron ore, coal, iron plates, and automobiles

Source: Indian Real Estate: Growth and New Destinations ,FICCI and Ernst & Young, 2007

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Proposed Infrastructure Projects

Power
§ Lignite based power station is proposed at Ghogha taluka having a capacity
of 315 MW by Nirma Ltd. with investments of about INR 2,000 crore (USD
487.8 million)

Kalpasar Project
§ Kalpasar Project envisages to build a dam (64 km) across the Gulf of
27a sweet water lake across
Khambhat in Gujarat in the Arabian Sea to create
Ghogha in Bhavnagar district and Hansot in Bharuch district. It is a multi-
dimensional project with power generation, water conservation, and bridging
Saurashtra (west Gujarat with south Gujarat). The distance between
Saurashtra and south Gujarat will be reduced by 225 km after the successful
completion of the project

Source: Indian Real Estate: Growth and New Destinations ,FICCI and Ernst & Young, 2007

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Social Infrastructure

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Education
§ Bhavnagar has a university of its own offering courses in Table 3 : Educational Institutions in
Bhavnagar
professional disciplines such as management, computer
Educational Institutes Total
applications, etc apart from the conventional courses.
Primary Schools 961
§ Bhavnagar hosts a number of Engineering, Medical, Nursing,
Secondary & Higher
ayurvedic, and physiotherapy Colleges and Industrial Training Secondary Schools
214

Institutes
ITIs 8
§ Engineering colleges offering courses in chemical, civil,
Polytechnics 1
electrical, electronic and communication, 29information
MCA Colleges 2
technology, production and mechanical engineering are
Pharmacy College 2
present in the district
Engineering Colleges 2

§ The Government Medical College and Swami Vivekanand Others * 15

Homeopathic Medical College affiliated with Bhavnagar * Arts, Commerce, Science,B.Ed & Law Colleges

University in Bhavnagar city offer MBBS and BHMS degrees

respectively
Source: Bhavnagar District Profile 2006-07, Industries Commissionerate

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Health

§ Bhavnagar has several hospitals for providing a

comprehensive range of medical services backed by modern

technology and trained clinicians.

§ There are 13 community and 47 primary health centers

present in the district.

§ Sir Takhtsinhji Hospital in Bhavnagar


specializes in
30 Sir Takhtsinhji Hospital
psychiatry, ophthalmology, cardiology, gynecology, etc

§ Sihor taluka has a Tuberculosis and Research Centre at

Amargadh which provides excellent treatment facilities

§ Indian Red Cross associated hospitals are also present in

the district

Source: Bhavnagar District Profile, Health and Family Welfare Department, 2007

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Tourism

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Tourism

§ Some of the renowned tourist destinations in Bhavnagar city are Gandhi


Smriti, Takhteshwar Temple, Gaurishanker Lake, Sardar Vallabhai
Patel (Pill Garden), and old Darbargarh

§ The Velavadar National Park, which is situated 40 km from Bhavnagar


city, is a sanctuary for blackbuck, wolf, pelicans, flamingoes, white
storks, sarus cranes etc

§ Talaja is a picturesque and serene town in the district. Located on the


Blackbuck in Velavadar National
Shetrunji river, it is known for the presence of 30 Buddhist
32 caves Park

§ Shihor Darbargadh, royal residence of the Gohil Rajputs between 1570


and 1723 is known for paintings which potray the attire of the period, the
weapons used, and the expressions on the warriors’ faces

§ Bhavnagar city provides royal accomodation facilities for tourists. The


district has many hotels such as Nilambagh Palace Hotel, Hotel Bluehill,
Hotel Sunshine, and Hotel Apollo
Hotel Bluehill

Source: India Guide Gujarat, 2007

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Investment Opportunities

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Investment Opportunities
Agriculture & Food Processing
§ Cotton spinning mill and surgical cotton manufacturing unit
§ Fruit pulp and juice canning industries
§ Poultry and cattle feed
§ Cold storage and dehyderation plant

Minerals
§ Cement plant
§ Mosaic chips
§ Stone crushing 34

Engineering
§ Tractor & agricultural equipments
§ Auto parts / machinery parts & foundry
§ Electrical equipments
§ Steel re–rolling mills

* Detailed Sector/ Project Profiles for investment opportunities available at www.indextb.com

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Investment Opportunities

Ports
§ RO-RO terminals
§ Special purpose jetty with import facility for oil, waste & sludge, export
facility for ship scrap , etc
§ Ship building and ship repairing

Plastic
§ Plastic wares, toys
§ Multi packing bags 35
§ Plastic automotive parts
§ Fishing nets

* Detailed Sector/ Project Profiles for investment opportunities available at www.indextb.com

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Annexure I

Maps Figures Tables


Figure 1 : Total Area and Production of Food Table 1 : Major Industries Present in
Map 1: District Map of Bhavnagar with Talukas
and Non Food Crops 2005-06 Bhavnagar
Map 2 : Major Industry Players in Bhavnagar Figure 2 : Total Area and Production of Food
Table 2 : Industrial Estates in Bhavnagar
Crops 2006-07
Map 3 : SSI Clusters in Bhavnagar Figure 3 : Total Area and Production of Major
Food Crops in 2006-07 Table 3 : Education Institutes in Bhavnagar
Map 4 : Industrial Estates in Bhavnagar Figure 4 : Talukawise Major Investments and
employment in SSIs
Map 5: Bhavanagar Road and Rail Network
Figure 5 : Investments in 1988-97 vs 1997-07
Map 6: Bhavnagar Power Network – Comparative Data in Last Two Decades

Map 7: Bhavnagar Gas Network Figure 6 : Major Investments and Employment


during 1988-97

Figure 7 : Major Investments and Employment


during 1998-07

Figure 8 : Sectorwise MoUs Signed (VGGIS


03, 05, 07)

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Annexure II : Abbreviations
SMEs : Small and Medium Enterprises

IEM : Industrial Entrepreneur Memorandum

MoU : Memorandum of Understanding

SSI : Small Scale Industries

VGGIS : Vibrant Gujarat Global Investors Summit

GoG : Government of Gujarat

GSPL: Gujarat State Petronet Limited

GPCL: Gujarat Power Corporation Limited

GSRDC: Gujarat State Road Development Corporation

GMB: Gujarat Maritime Board

ITI: Industrial Training Institutes

MBBS: Bachelor of Medicine Bachelor of Surgery

MV: Mega Volt

MT: Metric Tonnes

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