Minnetonka Bible Study

The Apostle Paul’s Letter to the Romans

Outline of Romans
1 2

Introduction: God’s Gospel for All People (1:1-17). Condemnation: God’s Righteous Wrath upon All
Humanity (1:18-3:20). believe in him (3:21-8:39).

3

Justification: God’s Righteous Grace for All who Vindication: God’s Righteous Faithfulness to His
Covenant Promise (9:1-11:36).

4

5

Mercy (12:1-15:6).

Exhortation: God’s Righteous Will required by His Conclusion: God’s Righteous Steadfastness to His
Promises (15:7-13).

6

7

Personal Plans with Greetings (15:14-16:27).

Postlude: God’s Righteous Favor to Gentiles—Paul’s

The Life of Justification:
•Already We are God’s Sons—We Already have the Spirit (8:1-17). •Not Yet are We Revealed as God’s Sons—Our Bodies have Not Yet been Redeemed (8:18-30). •Our Conquest over All Things is Sure in Christ (8:3139).

Romans 8:1-39

The Life of Justification: Already we are God’s Sons— We already have the Spirit

Romans 8:1-17

Romans 8:9-11
But you are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if indeed the Spirit of God dwells in you. And if someone does not have the Spirit of Christ, that one does not belong to him. 10 But if Christ is in you, the body is dead on account of sin, yet the Spirit is life on account of righteousness. 11 But if the Spirit of the one who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, then the one who raised Christ from the dead will give life also to your mortal bodies through his Spirit who is in you.
9

Paul’s Reasoning in 8:9-11
• 8:9—But you are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if indeed the Spirit of God dwells in you. And if someone does not have the Spirit of Christ, that one does not belong to him. • 8:10—But if Christ is in you, the body is dead on account of sin, yet the Spirit is life on account of righteousness. • 8:11—But if the Spirit of the one who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, then the one who raised Christ from the dead will give life also to your mortal bodies.

What is the Function of the Suppositions
• To compel readers to ask themselves, “What about me? Do I have the Spirit? Is Christ in me? Is the Spirit that raised Jesus from the dead living in me?” • Paul’s suppositions assume for the sake of the argument that his suppositions are true of his readers.

Romans 8:12-17
Therefore, then, brothers and sisters we are under obligation but not to the flesh that we should live according to it, 13 for if you live according to the flesh, you will die; but if by the Spirit you put to death the deeds of the body you will live. 14 For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, these are sons of God. 15 For you have not received the Spirit of slavery leading again to terror, but you received the Spirit of adoption in which we cry out, “Abba, Father!” 16 The Spirit himself testifies with our spirit that we are children of God. 17 Now if we are children, we are also heirs, heirs of God and fellow-heirs with Christ, if indeed we suffer together with him, in order that we should also be glorified together with him.
12

Paul’s Reasoning in 8:12-17
• 8:12-13—Therefore, then, brothers and sisters we are under obligation but not to the flesh that we should live according to it, for if you live according to the flesh, you will die; but if by the Spirit you put to death the deeds of the body you will live. • 8:14—For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, these are sons of God. • 8:15—For you have not received the Spirit of slavery leading again to terror, but you received the Spirit of adoption in which we cry out, “Abba, Father!” • 8:16—The Spirit himself testifies with our spirit that we are children of God. • 8:17—Now if we are children, we are also heirs, heirs of God and fellow-heirs with Christ, if indeed we suffer together with him, in order that we should also be glorified together with him.

Paul’s Reasoning in 8:12-17
8:12-13—Therefore, then, brothers and sisters we are under obligation but not to the flesh that we should live according to it, for if you live according to the flesh, you will die; but if by the Spirit you put to death the deeds of the body you will live. • The gospel obligates us. “Therefore, then, brothers and sisters we are under obligation. . . .” • The call of the gospel to persevere in obedience. “If you live according to the flesh, you will die; but if by the Spirit you put to death the deeds of the body you will live.” • The initial call of the gospel. “If you believe in the Lord Jesus Christ, you will be saved; if not, you will perish.” • The paradox of the gospel’s call.
– If you live according to the flesh, you will die. – If by the Spirit you put to death the deeds of the body you will live.

Paul’s Reasoning in 8:12-17
8:15-17—For you have not received the Spirit of slavery leading again to terror, but you received the Spirit of adoption in which we cry out, “Abba, Father!” The Spirit himself testifies with our spirit that we are children of God. Now if we are children, we are also heirs, heirs of God and fellow-heirs with Christ, if indeed we suffer together with him, in order that we should also be glorified together with him. • 8:15—Assurance that we are God’s children—We cry out, “Abba, Father!” • 8:16—The Spirit is the source of assurance that we are God’s children. • 8:17—As it was with Christ, so it is with Christ’s people.
– Suffering, then glory (cf. Luke 24:26). – Cross, then the crown (cf. 1 Peter 2:21; 1:11).

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful