SUMMARY- THE SEMANTIC WEB
The Semantic Web is an evolving extension of the World Wide Web in which the semantics of information and services on the web is defined, making it possible for the web to understand and satisfy the requests of people and machines to use the web content.. The Semantic Web is a mesh of information linked up in such a way as to be easily processable by machines, on a global scale. You can think of it as being an efficient way of representing data on the World Wide Web, or as a globally linked database. The Semantic Web was thought up by Tim Berners-Lee, inventor of the WWW, URIs, HTTP, and HTML. NEED FOR SEMANTIC WEB: Today we are capable of sharing our data with the help of internet. However there is no standard through which we can have a global database. Semantic web aspires to have a single global integrated view of data. This will be enabled with the help of agents. ‘Agents’ is a new paradigm for software development. As objects in OOAD approach represent passive entities, such as books, cars etc; ‘Agents’ represent active entities such as Business, Library, showroom etc. Let’s assume we have a link on www which has certain information in English. The same may be duplicated in ‘German’ or we may have some additional information in ‘German’. The semantic web would enable to integrate the information and all users will have the same view of data. THE ENABLERS: The Semantic web is possible due to Artificial Intelligence Technology. The so called agents are able to ‘learn’ which is not possible through current programming alone. These agents act like Humans and are able to negotiate terms and conditions. We can conclude that semantic web would bring the next generation web technology which will completely transform the way we think and seek information. It has applications ranging from biotechnology to education. However, we need to wait for another 5-7 years to see this infant coming into adolescent.
BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. Ojha, Ananta C. "Software Agents in Electronic Commerce." The ICFAI Journal of Information Tehnology 4 (2008): 7-24. 2. "Ontologies and Semantic Web." Obitko. 12 July 2008 <http://obitko.com>. 3. Shadbolt, Nigel, Wendy Hall, and Tim B. Lee. "The Semantic Web Revisited." IEEE Intelligient Systems 21 (2001). 11 July 2008 <http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/12614/1/Semantic_Web_Revisted.pdf>. 4. Wikipedia. 12 July 2008 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Semantic_Web>.