Obligation and necessity

Grammar II
24/11/2010 Instituto valle central. Cecilia Padilla – Edward Palleros.

 You often have to wait a long time for a bus. ”always”. Example: -You must not talk about politics. normally use “have to” for things that happen repeatedly . .  I enjoy parties.  He must stop working You use “must not “ or mustn’t to say that it is important that something is not done or does not happen.  Example:  We must eat before we go. or that it is necessary for them to do it. you normally use “must”.  Example:  You must come to the meeting tomorrow.Explanation:  When you want to say that someone has an obligation to do something.  He has to travel to find  When you are giving information about what someone else considers to be an obligation or a necessity. you normally use “have to”. unless I have to make a speech.  Example:  I always have to do shopping.  Example:  They have to pay the bill by Thursday.  There is sometimes a difference between “must” and “ have to”. When you are stating your own opinion that something is an obligation or a necessity. and “regularly”. She has to go now. so hard. you use “must” or “have to”. especially which adverbs of frequency such as “often”.  Note: that you work.

or “did” when you want to make a question using “have to” and “not have to “.  Example:  How often do you have to buy petrol for the car?  Does he have to take so long to get ready?  What did you have to do?  Don’t you have to be there at one o’clock?  You also use “needn’t” when you are giving someone permission not to do something.  Example:  You don`t have to learn any new typing skills.  Example:  She had to catch the six o’clock train.  Example:  You needn’t say anything if you don’t want to. when there is not obligation or necessity to do something .-They mustn’t find out that I come here. “does”. you use “had to” rather than “must”.  You use “do”.  You can use “need to” to talk about the necessity of doing something. “don`t need”.  You don’t needto buy something. When you want to talk about obligation and necessity in the past.  You only use “must” for obligation and necessity in the present and the future. Example:  You might need to see a doctor. .  She’s got to see the doctor.  A number of question need to be asked.  I had to wear a suit.  You use “don’t have to”.

has to don't have to must must not doesn't have to don't have to must must not 3. and that it was known at the time that the action was not necessary. you ___ have a driver's license to 2.  Example:  He didn’t have to speak. drive a car. You do not know if the action was done.  I didn’t need to worry.  Bill and I didn’t have to pay. Drivers on the freeway ___ be very careful 4. . When you are putting gasoline in your gas tank. It's not necessary.  Example:  They didn’t need to talk about it. In California. unless you are given more information. While you are driving.  You also use “didn’t have to” to say that it was not necessary to do something. Exercises: 1. You needn’t stay any longer tonigth.  You use “didn’t need to” say that something was not necessary. you ___ listen to the radio.

because California freeways are dangerous. Motorcycle riders ___ wear a leather jacket. it is illegal to talk on a cell phone their choice. Those drivers ___ use phones in their cars. in your car. has to don't have to must must not you ___ smoke! It is forbidden. have to don't have to must don't have to mustn't should 7. don't have to have to must must not 5. 8 must not must . It's 6. In some states.

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