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Albert Einstein Quotes

Himself The Universe Education Life Religion War and Peace

On Himself
BORN: March 14th, 1879 at 11:30 AM in Ulm, Germany.
DIED: April 18, 1955

Einstein
Imagination is More Important Than Knowledge
"When a blind beetle crawls over the surface of the globe,
he doesn't realize that the track he has covered is curved.
I was lucky enough to have spotted it."

"I have no particular talent. I am merely inquisitive."

"It's not that I'm so smart , it's just that I stay with problems longer ."

Nothing that I can do will change the structure of the universe.


But maybe, by raising my voice, I can help in the greatest of all causes
-- goodwill among men and peace on earth.

Imagination is more important than knowledge.


Knowledge is limited. Imagination encircles the world."

"If I had my life to live over again, I'd be a plumber."

"If I were not a physicist, I would probably be a musician. I often think in


music.
I live my daydreams in music. I see my life in terms of music. ... I get most joy
in life out of music."

"The release of atom power has changed everything except our way of thinking...
the solution to this problem lies in the heart of mankind.
If only I had known, I should have become a watchmaker."

"The only thing that interferes with my learning is my education."

"If we knew what it was we were doing, it would not be called research, would it?"

"I am enough of an artist to draw freely upon my imagination.

"The ideals which have always shone before me and filled me


with the joy of living are goodness, beauty, and truth.
To make a goal of comfort or happiness has never appealed to me;
a system of ethics built on this basis would be sufficient only for a herd of
cattle."

"A hundred times every day I remind myself that my inner and outer life are based
on the labors of others ."

"I want to know God's thoughts,..... the rest are details.."

"I never think of the future. It comes soon enough."

"Do not worry about your problems with mathematics, I assure you mine are far
greater."

"Two things inspire me to awe -- the starry heavens above and the moral universe
within."

"My life is a simple thing that would interest no one.


It is a known fact that I was born and that is all that is necessary."

"As far as I'm concerned, I prefer silent vice to ostentatious virtue."

"When I examine myself and my methods of thought, I come to the conclusion


that the gift of fantasy has meant more to me than my talent for absorbing
positive knowledge."

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On The Universe
"Only two things are infinite, the universe and human stupidity, and I'm not sure
about the former."

"The most incomprehensible thing about the universe is that it is comprehensible."

""A human being is part of the whole, called by us 'Universe,' a part limited
in time and space. He experiences himself, his thoughts and feelings as
something separated from the rest - a kind of optical delusion of his
consciousness. This delusion is a kind of prison for us, restricting us to
our personal desires and to affection for a few persons nearest to us. Our
task must be to free ourselves from this prison by widening our circle of
compassion to embrace all living creatures and the whole nature in its
beauty. Nobody is able to achieve this completely, but the striving for such
achievement is in itself a part of the liberation, and a foundation for inner
securit"

"Man tries to make for himself in the fashion that suits him best a simplified and
intelligible picture of the world;
he then tries to some extent to substitute this cosmos of his for the world of
experience, and thus to overcome it.
This is what the painter, the poet, the speculative philosopher, and the natural
scientists do, each in his own fashion.
Each makes this cosmos and its construction the pivot of his emotional life,
in order to find in this way peace and security which he can not find in the
narrow whirlpool of personal experience."

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On Education
"Never regard study as a duty, but as the enviable opportunity to learn to know
the liberating
influence of beauty in the realm of the spirit for your own personal joy and to
the profit of the
community to which your later work belongs."
"Not everything that counts can be counted, and not everything that can be counted
counts."

"Teaching should be such that what is offered is perceived as a valuable gift and
not as a hard duty ."

"Try not to become a man of success but rather to become a man of value."

"It is the supreme art of the teacher to awaken joy in creative expression and
knowledge."

"The point is to develop the childlike inclination for play


and the childlike desire for recognition and to guide the child over to important
fields for society.
Such a school demands from the teacher that he be a kind of artist in his
province."

"To me the worst thing seems to be a school principally to work with methods of
fear, force and artificial authority.
Such treatment destroys the sound sentiments, the sincerity and the self-
confidence of pupils
and produces a subservient subject."

"One should guard against preaching to young people success in the customary form
as the main aim in life.
The most important motive for work in school and in life is pleasure in work,
pleasure in its result, and the knowledge of the value of the result to the
community."

Whoever undertakes to set himself up as judge in the field of truth and knowledge
is shipwrecked by the laughter of the Gods."

The example of great and pure individuals is the only thing that can lead us to
noble thoughts and deeds.

"One had to cram all this stuff into one's mind for the examinations, whether one
liked it or not.
This coercion had such a deterring effect on me that, after I had passed the final
examination,
I found the consideration of any scientific problems distasteful to me for an
entire year."

"The secret to creativity is knowing how to hide your sources."

"The only source of knowledge is experience"

"The intuitive mind is a sacred gift and the rational mind is a faithful servant.
We have created a society that honors the servant and has forgotten the gift."

"We should take care not to make the intellect our god; it has, of course,
powerful muscles, but no personality."

The important thing is not to stop questioning. Curiosity has its own reason for
existing.
One cannot help but be in awe when he contemplates the mysteries of eternity, of
life, of the marvelous structure of reality.
It is enough if one tries merely to comprehend a little of this mystery every day.
Never lose a holy curiosity."

"Great spirits have always found violent opposition from mediocre minds.
The latter cannot understand it when a man does not thoughtlessly
submit to hereditary prejudices but honestly and courageously uses his
intelligence."

"Whoever undertakes to set himself up as judge in the field of truth and knowledge
is shipwrecked by the laughter of the Gods."

"Education is what remains after one has forgotten everything he learned in


school."

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On Life
"There are only two ways to live your life.
One is as though nothing is a miracle.
The other is as though everything is a miracle."

"The devil has put a penalty on all things we enjoy in life. Either we suffer in
health or we suffer in soul or we get fat."

"The pursuit of truth and beauty is a sphere of activity in which we are permitted
to remain children all our lives."

"A table, a chair, a bowl of fruit and a violin; what else does a man need to be
happy."

"Only a life lived for others is a life worth while ."

"A hundred times every day I remind myself that my inner and outer life are based
on the labors of others."

"The most beautiful thing we can experience is the mysterious.


It is the source of all true art and science.
He to whom this emotion is a stranger, who can no longer pause to wonder and stand
rapt in awe,
is as good as dead: his eyes are closed."

"Gravitation can not be held responsible for people falling in love"

"Joy in looking and comprehending is nature's most beautiful gift."

"Sometimes one pays most for the things one gets for nothing."

"The intellect has little to do on the road to discovery. There comes a leap in
consciousness, call it Intuition or what you will, the solution comes to you and
you don't know how or why".
"The hardest thing in the world to understand is the income tax."

"Common sense is the collection of prejudices acquired by age 18.

"Few are those who see with their own eyes and feel with their own hearts."

"If you are out to describe the truth, leave elegance to the tailor."

"Anyone who has never made a mistake has never tried anything new."

"If A equals success, then the formula is: A=X+Y+Z. X is work. Y is play. Z is
keep your mouth shut."

"Perfection of means and confusion of ends seem to characterize our age."

"The only reason for time is so that everything doesn't happen at once."

"Weakness of attitude becomes weakness of character."

"Only one who devotes himself to a cause with his whole strength and soul can be a
true master.
For this reason mastery demands all of a person."

"(1) Those instrumental goods which should serve to maintain the life and health
of all human beings should be produced by the least possible labour of all.
(2) The satisfaction of physical needs is indeed the indespensible precondition of
a satisfactory existence, but in itself is not enough. In order to be content men
must also have the possibility of developing their intellectual and artistic
powers to whatever extent accord with their personal characteristics and
abilities."

Nothing truly valuable arises from ambition or from a mere sense of duty; it stems
rather from love and devotion toward men and toward objective things.

"The true value of a human being is determined primarily by the measure and the
sense in which he has attained liberation from the self."

"Too many of us look upon Americans as dollar chasers. This is a cruel libel, even
if it is
reiterated thoughtlessly by the Americans themselves."

How on earth are you ever going to explain in terms of chemistry and physics so
important a biological phenomenon as first love?"

"Gravitation can not be held responsible for people falling in love"

"Put your hand on a hot stove for a minute, and it seems like an hour. Sit with a
pretty girl for
an hour, and it seems like a minute. THAT'S relativity."

"...one of the strongest motives that lead men to art and science is escape from
everyday life
with its painful crudity and hopeless dreariness, from the fetters of one's own
ever-shifting
desires. A finely tempered nature longs to escape from the personal life into the
world of
objective perception and thought."
"Reality is merely an illusion, albeit a very persistent one."

"The only real valuable thing is intuition."

"A person starts to live when he can live outside himself."

"Weakness of attitude becomes weakness of character."

"The eternal mystery of the world is its comprehensibility."

"Sometimes one pays most for the things one gets for nothing."

"Anyone who has never made a mistake has never tried anything new."

"Everything should be made as simple as possible, but not simpler."

"Science is a wonderful thing if one does not have to earn one's living at it."

"The secret to creativity is knowing how to hide your sources."

"The whole of science is nothing more than a refinement of everyday thinking."

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On Religion
"God does not care about our mathematical difficulties. He integrates
empirically."

"Intelligence makes clear to us the interrelationship of means and ends. But mere
thinking cannot give us a sense of the ultimate and fundamental ends. To make
clear these fundamental ends and valuations and to set them fast in the emotional
life of the individual, seems to me precisely the most important function which
religion has to form in the social life of man."

"Few people are capable of expressing with equanimity opinions which differ from
the prejudices of their social environment. Most people are even incapable of
forming such opinions."

"All religions, arts and sciences are branches of the same tree. All these
aspirations are directed toward ennobling man's life, lifting it from the sphere
of mere physical existence and leading the individual towards freedom."

"The minority, the ruling class at present, has the schools and press, usually the
Church as
well, under its thumb. This enables it to organize and sway the emotions of the
masses, and
make its tool of them."
[Albert Einstein, letter to Sigmund Freud, 30 July 1932]

"True religion is real living; living with all one's soul, with all one's goodness
and
righteousness."
"When the solution is simple, God is answering."

"The most important function of art and science is to


Awaken the cosmic religious feeling and keep it alive."

"I maintain that cosmic religiousness is the strongest and most noble driving
force of scientific
research."

"I cannot imagine a God who rewards and punishes the objects of his creation,
whose
purposes are modeled after our own -- a God, in short, who is but a reflection of
human
frailty. Neither can I believe that the individual survives the death of his body,
although feeble
souls harbor such thoughts through fear or ridiculous egotisms."
[Albert Einstein, obituary in New York Times, 19 April 1955]

"The religion of the future will be a cosmic religion. The religion which based on
experience,
which refuses dogmatic. If there's any religion that would cope the scientific
needs it will be
Buddhism...."

"My religion consists of a humble admiration of the illimitable superior spirit


who reveals
himself in the slight details we are able to perceive with our frail and feeble
mind."

"The highest principles for our aspirations and judgements are given to us in the
Jewish-Christian religious tradition. It is a very high goal which, with our weak
powers, we
can reach only very inadequately, but which gives a sure foundation to our aspir
ations and
valuations. If one were to take that goal out of out of its religious form and
look merely at its
purely human side, one might state it perhaps thus: free and responsible
development of the
individual, so that he may place his powers freely and gladly in the service of
all mankind. ... it
is only to the individual that a soul is given. And the high destiny of the
individual is to serve
rather than to rule, or to impose himself in any otherway."

"Scientific research is based on the idea that everything that takes place is
determined by laws
of nature, and therefore this holds for the action of people. For this reason, a
research scientist
will hardly be inclined to believe that events could be influenced by a prayer,
i.e. by a wish
addressed to a Supernatural Being."
[Albert Einstein, 1936, responding to a child who wrote and asked if scientists
pray. Source:
"Albert Einstein: The Human Side", Edited by Helen Dukas and Banesh Hoffmann

"A man's ethical behavior should be based effectually on sympathy, education, and
social ties
and needs; no religious basis is necessary. Man would indeed be in a poor way if
he had to be
restrained by fear of punishment and hope of reward after death."
[Albert Einstein, "Religion and Science", New York Times Magazine, 9 November
1930]

"The further the spiritual evolution of mankind advances, the more certain it
seems to me that
the path to genuine religiosity does not lie through the fear of life, and the
fear of death, and
blind faith, but through striving after rational knowledge."

"Knowledge of what is does not open the door directly to what should be. If one
asks the
whence derives the authority of fundamental ends, since they cannot be stated and
justifed
merely by reason, one can only answer: they exist in a healthy society as powerful
traditions,
which act upon the conduct and aspirations and judgements of the individuals; they
are there,
that is, as something living, without its being necessary to find justification
for their existence.
They come into being not through demonstration but through revelation, through the
medium of powerful personalities. One must not attempt to justify them, but rather
to sense
their nature simply and clearly."

"Whoever undertakes to set himself up as judge in the field of truth and knowledge
is
shipwrecked by the laughter of the Gods."

"It is only to the individual that a soul is given."

"In the temple of science are many mansions, and various indeed are they that
dwell therein
and the motives that have led them hither. Many take to science out of a joyful
sense of
superior intellectual power; science is their own special sport to which they look
for vivid
experience and the satisfaction of ambition; many others are to be found in the
temple who
have offered the products of their brains on this altar for purely utilitarian
purposes. Were an
angel of the Lord to come and drive all the people belonging to these two
categories out of the
temple, the assemblage would be seriously depleted, but there would still be some
men, of both
present and past times, left inside"

"In order to be an immaculate member of a flock of sheep, one must above all be a
sheep
oneself."

"All religions, arts and sciences are branches of the same tree. All these
aspirations are
directed toward ennobling man's life, lifting it from the sphere of mere physical
existence and
leading the individual towards freedom."
"A man's ethical behavior should be based effectually on sympathy, education, and
social ties
and needs; no religious basis is necessary. Man would indeed be in a poor way if
he had to be
restrained by fear of punishment and hope of reward after death."
[Albert Einstein, "Religion and Science", New York Times Magazine, 9 November
1930]

"The mystical trend of our time, which shows itself particularly in the rampant
growth of the
so-called Theosophy and Spiritualism, is for me no more than a symptom of weakness
and
confusion. Since our inner experiences consist of reproductions, and combinations
of sensory
impressions, the concept of a soul without a body seem to me to be empty and
devoid of
meaning."

"It was, of course, a lie what you read about my religious convictions, a lie
which is being
systematically repeated. I do not believe in a personal God and I have never
denied this but
have expressed it clearly. If something is in me which can be called religious
then it is the
unbounded admiration for the structure of the world so far as our science can
reveal it."
[Albert Einstein, 1954, from "Albert Einstein: The Human Side", edited by Helen
Dukas and
Banesh Hoffman, Princeton University Press]

"I am convinced that some political and social activities and practices of the
Catholic
organizations are detrimental and even dangerous for the community as a whole,
here and
everywhere. I mention here only the fight against birth control at a time when
overpopulation
in various countries has become a serious threat to the health of people and a
grave obstacle to
any attempt to organize peace on this planet."
[ letter, 1954]

"The devil has put a penalty on all things we enjoy in life. Either we suffer in
health or we
suffer in soul or we get fat."

"What I see in Nature is a magnificent structure that we can comprehend only very
imperfectly, and that must fill a thinking person with a feeling of "humility."
This is a
genuinely religious feeling that has nothing to do with mysticism"

"The finest emotion of which we are capable is the mystic emotion. Herein lies the
germ of all
art and all true science. Anyone to whom this feeling is alien, who is no longer
capable of
wonderment and lives in a state of fear is a dead man. To know that what is
impenatrable for
us really exists and manifests itself as the highest wisdom and the most radiant
beauty, whose
gross forms alone are intelligible to our poor faculties - this knowledge, this
feeling ... that is
the core of the true religious sent iment. In this sense, and in this sense alone,
I rank myself
amoung profoundly religious men."

"Few people are capable of expressing with equanimity opinions which differ from
the
prejudices of their social environment. Most people are even incapable of forming
such
opinions."

"Intelligence makes clear to us the interrelationship of means and ends. But mere
thinking
cannot give us a sense of the ultimate and fundamental ends. To make clear these
fundamental
ends and valuations and to set them fast in the emotional life of the i ndividual,
seems to me
precisely the most important function which religion has to form in the social
life of man."

"All religions, arts and sciences are branches of the same tree. All these
aspirations are
directed toward ennobling man's life, lifting it from the sphere of mere physical
existence and leading the individual towards freedom."

"The more a man is imbued with the ordered regularity of all events the firmer
becomes his
conviction that there is no room left by the side of this ordered regularity for
causes of a
different nature. For him neither the rule of human nor the rule of divine will
exist as an
independent cause of natural events. To be sure, the doctrine of a personal God
interfering
with the natural events could never be refuted, in the real sense, by science, for
this doctrine
can always take refuge in those domains in which scientific knowledge has not yet
been able
to set foot. But I am persuaded that such behaviour on the part of the
representatives of
religion would not only be unworthy but also fatal. For a doctrine which is able
to maintain
itself not in clear light but only in the dark, will of necessity lose its effect
on mankind, with
incalculable harm to human progress .... If it is one of the goals of religions to
liberate
maknind as far as possible from the bondage of egocentric cravings, desires, and
fears, s
cientific reasoning can aid religion in another sense. Although it is true that it
is the goal of
science to discover (the) rules which permit the association and foretelling of
facts, this is not
its only aim. It also seeks to reduce the connections discovered to the smallest
possible number
of mutually independent conceptual elements. It is in this striving after the
rational
unification of the manifold that it encounters its greatest successes, even though
it is precisely
this attempt which causes it to run the greatest risk of falling a prey to
illusion. But whoever
has undergone the intense experience of successful advances made in this domain,
is moved by
the profound reverence for the rationality made manifest in existence. By way of
the
understanding he achieves a far reaching emancipation from the shackles of
personal hopes
and desires, and thereby attains that humble attitude of mind toward the grandeur
of reason,
incarnate in existence, and which, in its profoundest depths, is inaccessible to
man. This
attitude, however, appears to me to be religious in the highest sense of the word.
And so it
seems to me that science not only purifies the religious imulse of the dross of
its
anthropomorphism but also contibutes to a religious spiritualisation of our
understanding of
life."
[Albert Einstein, "Science, Philosophy, and Religion, A Symposium", published by
the
Conference on Science, Philosophy and Religion in Their Relation to the Democratic
Way of
Life, Inc., New York, 1941]

"I cannot believe that God would choose to play dice with the universe." or
sometimes quoted
as "God does not play dice with the universe."

"I cannot conceive of a personal God who would directly influence the actions of
individuals,
or would directly sit in judgment on creatures of his own creation. I cannot do
this in spite of
the fact that mechanistic causality has, to a certain extent, b een placed in
doubt by modern
science. [He was speaking of Quantum Mechanics and the breaking down of
determinism.] My
religiosity consists in a humble admiratation of the infinitely superior spirit
that reveals itself
in the little that we, with our we ak and transitory understanding, can comprehend
of reality.
Morality is of the highest importance -- but for us, not for God."
[Albert Einstein, from "Albert Einstein: The Human Side", edited by Helen Dukas
and Banesh
Hoffman, Princeton University Press]

"If the possibility of the spiritual development of all individuals is to be


secured, a second kind of outward freedom is necessary. The development of science
and of the creative activities of the spirit in general requires still another
kind of freedom, which may be characterised as inward freedom. It is this freedom
of the spirit which consists in the interdependence of thought from the
restrictions of authoritarian and social prejudices as well as from
unphilosophical routinizing and habit in general. This inward freedom is an
infrequent gift of nature and a worthy object for the individual."

"Science without religion is lame, religion without science is blind."


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On War and Peace


"An empty stomach is not a good political advisor."

"Nationalism is an infantile sickness. It is the measles of the human race."

"We shall require a substantially new manner of thinking if mankind is to


survive."

Violence sometimes may have cleared away obstructions quickly, but it never has
proved itself creative.

"Why does this applied science, which saves work and makes life easier, bring us
so little
happiness? The simple answer runs: Because we have not yet learned to make
sensible use of it."

"The discovery of nuclear chain reactions need not bring about the destruction of
mankind
any more than did the discovery of matches. We only must do everything in our
power to
safeguard against its abuse. Only a supranational organization, equipped with a
sufficiently
strong executive power, can protect us." (1953)

"Any intelligent fool can make things bigger, more complex, and more violent. It
takes a touch
of genius -- and a lot of courage -- to move in the opposite direction."

"He who joyfully marches to music in rank and file has already earned my contempt.
He has
been given a large brain by mistake, since for him the spinal cord would fully
suffice. This
disgrace to civilization should be done away with at once. Heroism at command,
senseless
brutality, deplorable love-of-country stance, how violently I hate all this, how
despicable and ignoble war is; I would rather be torn to shreds than be a part of
so base an action! It is my conviction that killing under the cloak of war is
nothing but an act of murder."

A Prayer for Understanding


Oh, great Father, never let me judge another man until
I have walked in his moccasins for two weeks.
Peace cannot be kept by force, it can only be kept by understanding. ...[Notes on
pacifism]

"Peace cannot be achieved through violence, it can only be attained through


understanding."
"Mankind's desire for peace can be realized
only by the creation of a world government."

"Every thoughtful, well-meaning and conscientious human being


should assume in time of peace,
the solemn and unconditional obligation
not to participate in any war, for any reason
or to lend support of any kind, whether direct or indirect."

"The unleashed power of the atom has changed everything


save our modes of thinking, and thus we drift toward unparalleled catastrophe."

"Technological progress is like an axe in the hands of a pathological criminal."

"Since I do not foresee that atomic energy is to be a great boon for a long time,
I have to say that for the present it is a menace. Perhaps it is well that it
should be. It many intimidate the human race into bringing order into it's
international affairs, which without the pressure of fear, it would not do."

"But could not our situation be compared to one of a menacing epidemic? People are
unable to view this situation in its true light, for their eyes are blinded by
passion. General fear and anxiety create hatred and aggressiveness. The adaptation
to warlike aims and activities has corrupted the mentality of man; as a result,
intelligent, objective and humane thinking has hardly any effect and is even
suspected and persecuted as unpatriotic." ..Einstein "The Menace of Mass
Destruction"

"In our time the military mentality is still more dangerous than formerly because
the offensive weapons have become much more powerful than the defensive ones.
Therefore, it leads, by necessity, to preventive war. The general insecurity that
goes hand in hand with this results in the sacrifice of the citizen's civil rights
to the supposed welfare of the state. Political witch-hunting, controls of all
sorts (e.g., control of teaching and research, of the press, and so forth) appear
inevitable, and for this reason do not encounter that popular resistance, which,
were it not for the military mentality, would provide protection. A reappraisal of
all values gradually takes place insofar as everything that does not clearly serve
the utopian ends is regarded and treated as inferior."...Einstein "The Military
Mentality"

"Force always attracts men of low morality, and I believe it to be an invariable


rule that
tyrants of genius are succeeded by scoundrels."

As long as armies exist, any serious conflict will lead to war.

It is characteristic of the military mentality that non-human factors are held


essential, while the human being, his desires and thoughts, are considered as
unimportant and secondary.

You cannot simultaneously prevent and prepare for war.

To concentrate on the problems and aspirations which all thinking men share
creates a sense of comradeship that is eventually bound to reunite scholars and
artists of all nations.

Warfare cannot be humanized. It can only be abolished.


"The pioneers of a warless world are the youth who refuse military service."

A large part of history is replete with the struggle for human rights, an eternal
struggle in which final vistory can never be won. But to tire in that struggle
would mean the ruin of society.

Only understanding for our neighbors, justice in our dealings, and willingness to
help our fellow men can give human society permanence and assure security for the
individual.

We scientists, whose tragic destination has been to help in making the methods of
annihilation more gruesome and more effective, must consider it our solemn and
transcendent duty to do all in our power in preventing these weapons from being
used for the brutal purpose for which they were invented. What task could possibly
be more important to us? What social aim could be closer to our hearts?
Human beings, vegetables, or cosmic dust; we all dance to a mysterious tune,
intoned in the distance by an invisable piper.

"The significant problems we face cannot be solved at the same level of


thinking we were at when we created them."

"Nor do I take into account a danger of starting a chain reaction of a scope great
enough to
destroy part or all of the planet...But it is not necessary to imagine the earth
being destroyed like a nova by a stellar explosion to understand vividly the grow
ing scope of atomic war and to recognize that unless another war is prevented it
is likely to bring destruction on a scale never before held possible, and even now
hardly conceived, and that little civilization would survive it." (1947)

"The real problem is in the hearts and minds of men. It is easier to denature
plutonium than to denature the evil spirit of man."

"Politics is a pendulum whose swings between anarchy and tyranny are fueled by
perpetually rejuvenated illusions."

"Heroism on command, senseless violence, and all the loathsome nonsense that goes
by the
name of patriotism -- how passionately I hate them!"

"Few are those who see with their own eyes and feel with their own hearts."

"One does not make wars less likely by formulationg rules of warfare...
war cannot be humanized. It can only be eliminated..."

When Einstein died on April 18, 1955 he left a piece of writing ending in an
unfinished sentence. There were his last words:

In essence, the conflict that exists today is no more than an old-style struggle
for power, once again presented to mankind in semireligious trappings. The
difference is that, this time, the development of atomic power has imbued the
struggle with a ghostly character; for both parties know and admit that, should
the quarrel deteriorate into actual war, mankind is doomed. Despite this
knowledge, statesmen in responsible positions on both sides continue to employ the
well-known technique of seeking to intimidate and demoralize the opponent by
marshaling superior military strength. They do so even though such a policy
entails the risk of war and doom. Not one statesman in a position of
responsibility has dared to pursue the only course that holds out any promise of
peace, the course of supranational security, since for a statesman to follow such
a course would be tantamount to political suicide. Political passions, once they
have been fanned into flame, exact their victims ... Citater fra...