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History&Techniques Of Waste Management
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Waste management in simplest words means collecting waste products, transporting it & processing it to a new product or decomposing it for good. History: – in olden days population density was less. Industrialization was not at its peak, so resources were exploited but on minimum basis & waste by humans was generally bio-degradable. But today’s scenario is different, population is growing at alarming rates, industrialization &urbanization is increasing. Human consumption is becoming concentrated & so wastes are multiplying. Increase in waste leads to epidemics &diseases like malaria, plague, cholera which can prove to be fatal. So to keep the waste in control, developed &industrial oriented nations have started waste management. As waste products started increasing, our scientists have brought in new methods to recover resources from waste &reuse it. Waste management differs from developed &developing nations.eg: developed nations use new techniques to convert calorific content of the waste into electricity. Whereas in developing countries, laborers manually hunt for recyclable waste from the heap of garbage &then recycled, thus the waste can be minimized. Techniques of waste management:1) LANDFILL: it is one of the inexpensive methods of waste management. In this waste is dumped on an abandoned land. Be cautious that no toxic or hazardous waste gets dumped in landfill. 2) INCINERATION: Toxic substances that cannot be dumped are burnt. This method is not much in action as this emits harmful pollutants leading to pollution. 3) COMPOSTING: Organic wastes from homes &garden eg- food, plants, etc are decomposed, recycled & used as manure for agriculture purpose. 4) MECHANICAL BIOLOGICALTREATMENT: Glass, plastic &other recyclable waste is put into waste treatment plant. Recyclable content from waste is taken & converted to calorific fuel that in turn is used by power plants. 5) PYROLYSIS &GASIFICATION: Waste products are treated at high temperature7 high pressure. It’s a thermal technique. In pyrolysis, waste is converted into solid &liquid, in which solid is refined into carbon form& liquid got from the waste is used as energy giving oil. In gasification, waste is converted into synthetic gases: that are burnt to give high energy.
Waste Management In Apartments
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Population is growing due to urbanization. More the population more is the waste output. We as citizen should wake up & support waste management at least in our locality.
This reduces the use of new materials &thus minimizes the waste. Waste management is an important social and environmental responsibility which can be for solid. 4) Volunteering: – in the apartment. gaseous or radioactive substances. reduce& recycle the products:-we can actively reduce the use of products that causes waste. felt over food. Example: a towel can be reused as cleaning rag. liquid. Waste Management Aug 04 SushantWaste Management Comments Off Waste management is the gathering. tea waste. Reduce: the most important way to manage is by reducing the waste. How? It’s simple. and garden waste should have different color of the bin. they must be disposed correctly. Dig a compost pit in backyard &dump it. disease caused due to waste. Or simple hand it to the garbage waste. Refusing bags while buying few items at the store is also a good practice. or else it will choke us. A three step approach sounds most effective way of waste management. spoilt fruits. but have in reality borrowed it from our children. Avoiding heavy packaged products. To understand waste management it is essential to first take an insight into the meaning of ‘waste’. Increase the use of products that can be recycled. This is the era of environmental awareness and responsibility. etc should have another colored bin. paper plastics. We can educate people regarding the hazards of waste. bottles. Wet garbage such as fruit peels. This is used a manure for gardening purpose or cultivating purpose. We can organize a cleanliness camp that spreads the message to reduce waste. 2) Segregation: – one of the most important steps in managing waste in apartments is proper segregation of waste. cans must be collected separately &given for recycling. anyone can actively volunteer & organize waste management programs waste management. So let’s get started with waste management on our own &thus motivate others by our deeds. There is a different method for each one of it. Human developments are making an upward drift perennially. 5) Reuse. 3) Disposal of waste: – after segregating the garbage as wet & dry. Waste is a problem but waste management is the solution. papers. Example: instead of using plastic bags we can use cloth bags. In this fast moving world man has no time to stop and think of repercussions of using synthetic chemical and radioactive substances. it something which is not useful for consumption or usage anymore. Wet garbage like garden wastes. Thereby it is our responsibility to protect the environment from ecological hazards. Let us eliminate the waste together.Some helpful ways for waste management in your locality 1) Creating awareness: – we can organize awareness programs in our society…our apartments. while dry wastes like plastic. transporting. processing or recycling of waste material. install bins at regular distance. Reuse: this is another way of managing solid waste especially. We must keep in mind that we have not inherited earth from our ancestors. vegetables etc can be used as manures. and plastic silverware is required. Plastic bags. Effective and optimal waste management constitutes an important part of this responsibility. Reuse items again . Waste is a byproduct of human activity. One should separate wet from dry wastes. We must maximize the use of the things in order to reduce the waste.
Six effective steps for the waste management are: . Green Waste Management Aug 02 SushantWaste Management Comments Off Green waste management is a term used to describe any environmentally friendly way of processing the products that has been discarded. Then this is dump into a pit dug. All it requires is an alert and responsive attitude towards environmental hazards. Even a common man can segregate the waste and dispose them in different coded bags provided by the authority. In this waste management focus is generally on finding the ways that could help to reuse or recycle the discarded articles. So any old product used for anew purpose to create a new product. donate old clothes to charitable organizations. This in turn saves the natural resources from becoming scarce. bottles and jars. that keeps that waste material out of the landfill. old furniture can be reused. dead plants are reused making compost. glass. aluminum and steel cans can all be recycled. Products are recycled and we get a new product. thus the natural resources remain untapped. Old aluminum can be used for making batteries of laptop. rubber gloves. are recycled in to new products. the waste like peels. This is used as organic manure at home. and a pledge to pass on this green earth as a better place than we found it to our successors. paper bags and books. Thus green waste management is a boon to environment as it uses the techniques that disposes the waste in eco friendly way. Plastic bottles. so that they are not dumped in landfills. It also aims at disposing the toxic waste in such a way that it does not disturb the environment. paper gowns. Recycle: it means creating something new out of old. helps in green waste management. This reduces the pressure on the ecology as new resources are not explored.and again until they are completely turned into waste. There are other effective steps for waste management that helps the company to function effectively in managing the waste which in turn works best towards preserving the environment. The sludge got (after treating it) from the sewage disposal is used in biogas plant. Here the sanitation workers collect wastes like plastic. oil companies have ties with textile manufactures that convert leftover sludge in to fiber used to make draperies. paper products. borrow items that you use rarely. The key approach in green waste management is recycling. 6 Effective Steps To Waste Management Aug 01 SushantWaste Management Comments Off Collecting the rubbish& dumping it in the landfill is not the only step to waste management. Green waste management varies from setting to setting. Put up a sale of your old unused items. etc as a part of routine thrash removal. In medical waste management. Vegetables. wood from old furniture can be reused for making the shelves etc. instead of wasting it.
It also involves the transportation of the waste material to the dumping site for disposing them safely and suitably. (3) Cooperation between waste management company and the customer is crucial. The important aspect for streamlining the waste is to organize in such manner so that it has no unfavourable consequence on environment or humans. (6) Disposal: Non recyclable wastes are dumped into a vast abandoned land. . Basically it comprises of picking up materials that are regarded as waste and disposing it so that it do not cause any harm to the environment or recycle it. the nature of the waste dumped. Locks.(1) Monitoring: Monitoring means understanding the need for waste management. & thus reducing the amount of waste production. For example wet garbage should have a green color bin and dry waste bin with a different color. Special vehicle must be designed for waste transportation. The bins should to ready to discard the waste at the given time. (4) Transportation: this step involves making available the waste transport vehicle from the areas from where it has been collected to the land fill or the place where they can recycled. workers got from the nature. In this step it is seen that the bin size to collect the waste is correct. frequency of the service given must be regular to prevent over spill or stinginess. the products that can be recycled are taken separately. . so truck drivers don’t have to waste their time. Only care should be taken that toxic waste does not enter the soil and water system. The processed materials are raw materials for the production of new materials these materials required for cyclable products are purchased by the companies that sustain the environment and natural resources for production. This is called landfills. trained government Waste Management Principles Jul 11 SushantWaste Management Comments Off Waste management is a broad subject that encompasses the wide range of subjects. chains. we can work in peace with the environment. (2) Collection: Collection involves systematic organization that sees to it that the bins to collect the waste are not over flooded and the time allotted for the waste collection is not too long. Keeping a check on different streams that produces waste. Different kinds of waste should have different bins with the stickers and different bin color for the identification. they are then processed. and lids are given by local bodies so that no one can dislocate the bins &also to prevent mixing to different kinds of garbage by the people who have no knowledge about it. identifying how can the materials be used again by recycling it. The basic steps for effective waste management consists of inspecting it for discovering its composition. sometimes work has to be done in non working hours. Care should be taken about depth allowed till dumping. Drivers should be trained for transportation of the hazardous waste. etc must be approved Thus waste management is the detailed process involving proper transportation. thus getting an idea as to how much progress has been done in waste reduction. So problems should be discussed ¬ice could be given. This could lead to problems to truck drivers &sometimes the public. (5) Processing & Recycling: From the waste. Bins with the wheel would be convenient for the customer to move the bins to the serviceable area. The people in charge of landfill department must supervise & approve the dumping site.
emergency reply. and monitors. In the schools. In most of the cities. acceptable shipping methods and method of its ultimate disposal or recycling it in reprocessing facility. It this negates the basic idea of resource recovery via the recycling of the wastes. You can also look online for the advice and help in the management solutions that can dump your waste issues. etc. One of the issues with electronic waste is that it comprises of unsafe substances like lead and mercury. Waste Management in Schools Jul 10 SushantWaste Management Comments Off The proper management of waste is of paramount importance for both the individuals and companies. colleges and other Educational institutions also contribute to the city’s waste. A large amount of plastic disposables are thrown into the water with the leftover food. there is considerable amount of horticultural waste is generated and canteen is among the main contributor of waste in schools. there is generation of municipal solid waste of thousands of tonnes which get transported to the landfills. recycling and disposal. The school should take active participation in environmental activities like the rainwater harvesting. asbestos removal and re-insulation. corporate and individuals. lab services. The waste management is a well-organized and green option that should be essentially followed by everyone from the governments. The simple way of attaining high reusing rates for old IT equipment is the E-waste collection.picking it safely. you will enhance the environmental image of your business and portrays the message that your firm is environmentally friendly. It is essential for the educational places to deal with the waste management and participate in the sustainable waste management. Once they are turn faulty. tree plantation. they can be re-used as raw materials for the production of fresh products. the school can also work on the spreading the knowledge about the waste management and disposal in . everyday. The schools should adopt various waste management programmers and move in tandem with the current trend of protecting environment. The schools. By choosing to go for recycling of E-waste. unsafe waste management. printers. desktop PCs. Additionally. The common practice is to dump the wastes into flowing rivers and water bodies. Some of the services of large companies comprises of waste collection. Some of the electrical hardware that can be accepted for recycling are mobile telephones. An environmental society provides various functions that are related to the collection of waste and make regulations and guidance for waste generators on proper ways of disposing the waste.
Within the school campus. Therefore it is our responsibility to find a way for reducing this pressure. By teaching the students about the waste management principles and procedures. you can either recycle or compost the discarded packaging. you should bring reusable shopping bags for eliminating the usage of disposable bags. Also. Waste Management – Reducing the Packaging to Limit Wastes Jul 09 SushantWaste Management Comments Off The packaging forms a major part of the nonindustrial waste with every year people contributing packaging waste nearly three times his weight into a landfill. The schools can take up the waste management practices as a part of their agenda and prepare teacher and students alike to achieve the goal of a zero waste campus. hardware and other produce that can easily fit into reusable produce bags that are easy to carry. there are various areas where the bins can be kept for instilling the right practice of segregation in the students. The various environmental programmers in schools helps in protecting the environment and contributes in making well-educated citizens of tomorrow that will safeguard the environment and do the proper waste management. its renewable or recycled contents.the society in general. You can reduce the amount of packaging by making few changes in your daily habits. books. A lovely reusable bag or basket adds beauty to the gift. There is mounting pressure on cities to properly manage the existing landfills as they are near to exhaustion and turn non-functional soon. blankets and towels as other creative alternatives that enhance the gift. The basic idea is to use your creativity to make use of available material to make your packaging recyclable. By using this tips. clothes. There are many items you can fit into reusable shopping bags such as small electronics. Also. You will need few things to begin the limitation of packaging such as Reusable shopping bags. there are various small items such as makeup. Before making a product purchase. its own reusability or recyclability. When giving a gift to your loved ones. Groceries. Once you open the market. schools can help in reducing this pressure on the cities. you may eliminates the more packaging waste. Reusable produce bags and Compost bin. By . compactness or multifunctional nature. You may also consider the scarves. While shopping. Recycling bin. you can consider wrapping the gift with some reusable packing as compared to typical wrapping paper. and various other items. DVDs. you can consider it necessity. It is important to limit packaging if you want to reduce the overall waste. the compost pits can be created for the recycling of the biodegradable waste through composting.
Sustainability and Energy Recovery Jul 09 SushantRecycling. They are collected and sorted into common types in order to reprocess the raw materials with which the items are made of. Recycling – The widely known meaning of ‘recycling’ refers to the large scale collection and reuse of everyday waste materials like empty containers. They can also be used indirectly by processing them into different type of fuel. using waste as a fuel source for cooking and the use of the gas fuel for boilers for producing steam and electricity in a turbine. In addition to these. aluminium beverage cans. cardboard. It is also sorted directly from mixed waste streams. The raw material for recycling can be separately collected from general waste by using dedicated bins and collection vehicles. you can keep waste out of the overcrowded landfills and make reuse of the available resources. They composed of a single type of material and thus are easy to recycle into new products. The companies are expected to enhance their environmental efficiencies by improving a company’s waste management procedures with a latest recycling service like recycling of glass. Composting is an also important procedure to reduce your environmental impact and save the resources. There are various ways of recycling through thermal treatment and it ranges from heating to anaerobic digestion. Waste Management – Recycling. The common form of thermal treatment includes Pyrolysis and gasification where waste materials are heated to high temperatures with the availability of limited oxygen. Energy recovery – It is possible to harness the energy content of waste products directly by using them as a source of direct combustion fuel. aerosol cans. and PP are also recyclable though they are not commonly collected. LDPE. The complex products like computers and electronic equipment are more difficult to recycle as they require additional dismantling and separation. the PVC. Sustainability and Energy Recovery. Some of the commonly recycled consumer products are steel food. food waste and paper. plastic bottles. magazines. and paperboard cartons. newspapers. Sustainability – The Waste Management plays a major role in maintaining a business’s ISO14001 accreditations. into new products.recycling. Waste Management Comments Off The proper waste disposal involves the procedures of Recycling. Waste management – Proper Disposal of Hospital Waste . HDPE and PET bottles. glass bottles and jars.
You need to take care that few wastes cannot be treated with steam autoclave and it includes animal pathological waste. recycling and even reusing waste material if permissible. You should store the waste into separate containers as per their type and labelled them clearly. peracetic acid and chlorine dioxide Top of Form Bottom of Form Waste Management – Managing the Solid Waste Away From Home Jul 03 SushantWaste Management Comments Off . Depending on the various type of hospital waste. It is mandatory to do a waste survey at the hospital. You should segregate waste material on the basis of type of waste. there are different methods of waste disposal. Waste Management Comments Off The proper disposal and management of the Hospital waste is of utmost importance. You should train employees as per the different types of waste and ways for handling each type. This plan should look for opportunities for minimizing. pathological. This method do not include the treatment with high temperatures and uses chemicals like sodium hypochlorite. The disposal of the waste can be done by a steam autoclave. pharmaceuticals. You can shred biohazard and normal wastes after their treatment from steam autoclaving. radioactive. You should prepare a plan for the disposal of hospital waste and consider the proper ventilation as well as premises for disposal. You should evaluate the different options and also think about the cost of implementing different strategies. You need to use an anti-microbial chemical for the decontamination of the hospital waste. The hazardous material needs to be stored as per the regulations. radioactive wastes and chemotherapy wastes.Jul 05 SushantWaste Disposal. hospital waste can be categorized into infectious. The waste needs to be stored in a central storage unit prior to its transportation to the disposal plant. sharps. and other waste including the contaminated bed linen and utensils. It is required for the prevention of spread of diseases borne by hospital waste. As per the WHO. It should be done for both new as well as old employees. These wastes are required to be disposed by burying it or cremating the waste. The disposal of the pathological wastes including body parts and animal wastes cannot be done by steam autoclaving.
If possible. If it is not needed. . You should try to use those batteries that contain minimum amount of toxic metals like mercury and cadmium. You can take the used car batteries and motor oil and give them to authorities that can use these items for recycling. The resulting organic material that is obtained is recycled as mulch or compost for the purpose of agriculture or landscaping. The waste gaseous substance like methane. you should draft letters and reports onto the computer and avoid usage of paper as far as possible. When you are shopping at the supermarket. If it is not mandatory then try taking the photocopy on both sides of the paper. food scraps. you can enquire from the gas station operator regarding the motor oil. You should buy products in recyclable and refillable containers. which is obtained from the process is captured and used for the production of electricity and heat. advise them to not do so as small quantity of it can contaminate million litres of water. While eating out in a fast food restaurant. you should avoid purchasing the items that are packaged in aerosol cans as they cannot be re-used or recycled. You should try to circulate memos in place of duplicating them. In case they throw away the motor oil. You should keep scrap paper by printers for printing draft copies of documents.You can take effective waste management steps for managing the solid waste while spending time away from the home in outdoor locations. and paper products are organic in nature and thus can be recycled by using biological composting and digestion processes for decomposing the organic matter. You should try to purchase the frequently used items like Baby food. you should re-use plastic bags you have at home in place of purchasing the new ones. When you are in garden. etc in bulk so that you can take them in one package rather than single serving packages. bathing soap. you should use kitchen scraps and waste for creating a compost heap. then avoid double wrapping a purchase. Waste Management – Biological Reprocessing Jul 03 SushantWaste Management Comments Off The waste materials like plant material. The major aim of biological processing is focussed on controlling and enhancing the natural process of decomposition of the organic matter. When you are at office. You should use plastic bottles for planters and encourage the use of organic control of pests as compared to using pesticides. you can choose the dish that has disposable plates and cutlery. When you are at gas station. You should reuse large envelopes and file folders by using new labels over the previous labels.
The waste material that cannot be recycled is usually treated for removing the toxins before they are released. it is responsibility for all of us to engage in proper and effective management of waste products and their recycling or disposal. dioxin. It can also be used in the fuel cells that eliminate the pollution combustion products like SOx. it can be used into the natural gas network. There are some methods that use the hybrids of these two methods. It usually requires the . The specific waste products can also be dismantled for accessing the specific elements contained in them. The repairing of broken items instead of purchasing new and encouraging consumers to stay away from disposable products. We should ensure that the waste is recycled in a way that is both costeffective and friendly to the environment. It not only helps to keep the environment clean but also. An individual can take care of the residential waste at his level. save the previous resources by recycling them. are also part of the waste reduction. Thus. NOx. It includes reuse of second-hand products and designing products that are reusable. We all should use the take initiative to keep the things clean and contribute towards the waste management. The prevention of waste material being generated is known as waste reduction and it is an important method of waste management. The big businesses and commercial industries usually deploy the effective waste management practices as they produces massive and dangerous waste materials. The biogas (methane) that resulted from it can be used for the production of both electricity and heat. or incineration. We should use the proper bins for paper and cardboard recycling. etc. Waste Management Solutions Jul 01 SushantWaste Management Comments Off The waste management solutions form an important ingredient in the proper functioning of any government. They differ in complexity from simple home compost heaps to large scale industrial digestion of mixed domestic waste.There are many types of composting and digestion methods and technologies. It also involves designing of the products that use less material for achieving the same target. organization or household. pariculates. The various methods of biological decomposition are classified as aerobic or anaerobic methods. The anaerobic digestion of the organic fraction of solid waste is more environmentally effective than landfill. It can also be used with a small up gradation of gas combustion engines or turbines. By upgrading it further to synthetic natural gas.
In order to do recycling. the recycling on the other hand is the process of generating goods from waste products. you can add salt. In addition to these methods. To begin the process of solid management. you can shred them for packing or for stuffing of other items. we should start collecting the recyclable items such as plastic bottles and metal cans. Processing or recycling and Disposal of unrecyclable waste. Aluminium Wrapping. You should use a toilet brush and baking soda or vinegar. You can use the plunger for cleaning your drain. The precycling relates to the making purchasing decisions that lead to reducing of waste.specialized knowledge for recycling the wastes safely. There are various stages of the waste management and recycling such as Monitoring the waste. You can give newspapers to exporters. The process of the Solid Waste Management involves reducing. We should take proper purchasing decisions to buy reusable items. The shredding of the documents and papers prior to disposal is mandatory part of the waste management solution. Glass Bottles. we can start re-using Paper. You should clean spills as the oven cools by using the steel wool and baking soda. Alternatively. You can select cloth diapers over disposable ones and donate your already read magazines to a hospital. In fact the solid waste management leads to improvement in the standard of living. Organic Waste and plastics. The procedure involves the Precycling & Recycling processes. prison or children’s home. It is important to dispose the documents and other white papers carefully as they may contain confidential information. . sludge or any other waste matter that is solid in nature. cedar chips. The recycling leads to saving and reusing of earth’s resources. We can contribute towards the solid waste management by bringing about small changes in our habits. However. You should use re-usable containers when you go for picnics or road trips. you can use rosemary. For cleaning the glass. At home. you can mix 1 tablespoon of lemon juice or vinegar in one quarter of water and then spray it and dry it with newspaper. and lavender flowers. You need to purchase the item with least packaging and search for the ways for reducing the use of toxic cleaners around the house that contains harmful chemicals. mint. Various businesses are encouraged for using the proper recycling facilities for products as well as document destruction. In case the stains are tough. You may also use the waste food as the fertilizer in your garden. there is constant research going on for finding other ways for recycling waste or making the methods more cost-effective. Collecting the waste. Transporting the waste to proper waste management facility. Waste Management – Managing the Solid Waste at Home Jul 01 SushantWaste Management Comments Off A Solid Waste comprises of the garbage. re-using and recycling of the waste products. It helps to protect the privacy of both businesses and individuals. For cleaning the moth balls. you can use sheets of used writing paper for making a message pad.
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